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brécaire

Cite this: eDIL s.v. brécaire or dil.ie/6616
Last Revised: 2019

n io, m. (bréc) liar, deceiver; flatterer; hypocrite: b.¤ ic brecairecht, SR 3484. olc dona brēgairib / . . . / nīsfōirfe an brēgairecht, ZCP viii 209.31 . fúathcraibdig ┐ b.¤ brécait . . . na sluagu, LU 2205 ( FA 28 ). a breccaire `impostor', BNnÉ 34 § 56 . ná déntar uabar oili / do bhualadh in brégoiri `the smiting of the deceiver', Ériu iv 112 § 6. fuirseoir no b.¤ gl. parasito, Lib. Hymn. 69 gloss 25 . amal dogniat inna b.¤ (= hypocritae, Matthew vi 2 ), PH 5947. rothaire reatha an bréagaire `the liar', O'Rah. 244.14. in brécairi daimh the rogue stag, Acall. 900. Of a fox : cū ruadh Droma meic Dáir in brégaire beag ... .i. in sindach, CCellaig² 43.420 ​.

brén

Cite this: eDIL s.v. brén or dil.ie/6717

adj o, ā stinking, fetid, putrid, rotten, foul: b.¤ gl. fetidus, Ir. Gl. 683. lasair bren = fetidus, Aisl. Tond. 109 § 4. coin brena stinking . . . dogs, LU 2200 ( FA 28 ). immut . . . ghāeth mbrēn, Ériu ii 136 § 120. mill duba ingnacha bréna, PH 375. corp . . . ┐ é 'na ablach bhréan mhurguighthe, TSh. 5225. an tan . . . bhíos anál bhréan ag an othar, 1728 . d'fhiadhuil bhréin an chreidimh cholaigh foul weeds, Keat. Poems 1271.

Equat. brenither fial-tech in lassar-sin, PH 2106.

Compds. With nouns. tromthinfed a mbrénanál, Alex. 726. mana lesanmanna eile na ferfadar .i. . . . brenanailighi is cumal smacht a raiti fri neach of the property of having stinking breath, O'Curry 1140 (H. 3.18, 454b). an bhrénanáluighe, C IV 2, 28vb12 . do bhréanbhruscar námhad Sax vile rabble, Hackett xv 36 . go rabhadhas im bhréunchubhar, go bhfuilim, etc. (= in iniquitatibus conceptus sum, Psalms l 7 ), Parrth. Anma 6379. fuirseoir no brécaire no brenchuthi gl. parasito, Lib. Hymn. i 69.25 , ii 157.25 . indomain (.i. breneolus) .i. as inndeimin ina eolus é geadha morda a mbrithraib unsound knowledge, O'Curry 444 (H. 3.18, 238b). cethra focherdat (sic leg.) a mbrénḟinda `stinking hair', Triads 105 . Mag mBrénguir plain of stinking pus, BDD 164. brenlocha . . . iffernaide, RC iv 252.21 . beacaireacht . . . buide brenulcha buíc, IT iii 103 § 199. With adj. derived from noun: in ben brénanalach, Laws i 140.32 Comm.

2 drúth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 drúth or dil.ie/18911

Forms: drúith, drúith

n o, m. Subst. use of 1 drúth. Later also drúith; in oblique cases somet. confused with druí.

I

(a) professional jester or buffoon: d.¤, fidchellach, fuirseóir (in the household of Tara), Metr. Dinds. i 26.165 . rom altsa . . . eter erredaib ┐ ánrathaib, eter drúthaib ┐ drudib, LU 10281 , cf. ZCP iii 235 . do druith, do oblaire, Laws i 156.31 . .x. ndruith .x. ndeogbaire, TBC-I¹ 1372 . druith ┐ deogbairi . . . ic dáil dóib, Ériu iv 124.23 . na cornairi ┐ na druith, IT ii 180.2 . Find ua Baiscni, is dó ropad druth Lomna Midlag, Corm. Y 1018 . Darera .i. druith Meic Con, Lec. 361b50 . Húa M. . . . rigdruth Erenn, RC xxiv 50 § 7 . amal druth ic furséoracht (of David dancing before the Ark), SR 6684 . tri druíth remib co mindaib argdidib, TBFr. 38 . géim drúith `a jester's shout', RC xxiv 54 § 16 . The d.¤ somet. exercised the functions of a satirist: fáitte Medb na drúith ┐ na glámma ar cend Fhir Diad, TBC-LL¹ 3017 . a tri druid (drude, LU; leg. drúith?) dénma glám ngér, ZCP iii 262.30 . na secht ndruith dia rinnad ┐ dia ndressad, Lec. 34b40 . mac an drúith al-los ghlamh ngéar, 3 C 13, 923.18 . There was an inferior class of drúith who were vagrants , often spoken of with disapproval in relig. lit.: donaib druthaib = cléir aesa ceirdd = praecones, Trip.² 2382 ff . drúith ┐ gobaind ┐ cáinti (forbidden to travel on Sundays), Ériu ii 208 § 31 . na druithi ┐ na cainti ┐ na crosanaigh (among the damned), RC xxviii 318 § 30 ; ZCP viii 208.5 .

(b) In later lit. somet. poet, learned man (prob. through confusion with druí): Murchadh Hua C. primdruith ┐ primollom Condacht, RC xvii 406.29 (Tig.) = AFM 1067 (file, v.l., see note K). an dall Ua C. ríghdruth Ereann `royal poet', AFM 1166 . druth Aedha cecinit, 866 .

II In Laws imbecile, person not responsible for his actions: druith dochuinn dasachtaig (classed among `fuidhir' tenants), Laws iii 10.18 ; cf. Comm. 12.1 , where the d.¤ is said to be `co rath' (i.e. able to be of some use?), oppd. to: dochuinn .i. mir cen rath no mic beca. Distinguished from gaeth (a normal sane person) and fer lethcuind (a half-witted person), iii 156.18 f. fer turgaire druith is é asren a cinaid the man who incites an imbecile pays for his guilt, iii 156.4 . cor druith no mire (invalid contracts), i 52.1 . ni gabter athgabail druith na dasachtaidh, ii 44.27 . druth .i. oinmit . . . cen fiach fair ina chintaib, Corm. Y 472 . orba drúith the inheritance of an imbecile, Triads 205 . ní cria di ṡecht mbáethaib file la Féne .i. . . . di drúth, di dásachtach, Tec. Corm. § 19 . Equated with amatán fool , O'Dav. 518 . d.¤ .i. oinmhid, O'Cl. As ā, f. of a female imbecile: lanamnus genaige, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 16 .i. donither tre gean og mear no dasachtach fri druith no dasachtaid, Laws ii 356.28 Comm. = fri dru[i]th no dasachtaig, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 74 .

Hence Corm. Y 875 , druith gach mer, cf. Ériu ix 47.20 .

Compds.

(a) With adj. ¤bennach : m. Trichim Druthbennaig, ZCP viii 334.11 (for possible meaning of sobriquet cf. Corrcrechda .i. ainm do cnoc bis a n-étan na n-amatán . . . is é aithni in druith in corr-c. do beith ina étan, O'Dav. 518 ).

(b) With subst. ¤cathmíl: iar marbad a druithchathmil[ed] jester and soldier, Fianaig. 34.7 . Druthnia, n.pr. m., LL 190b43 ; Rawl. 155b52 , 157.48 (Druith-). ZCP viii 332.31 .

1 fáen

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 fáen or dil.ie/21022

Forms: faenmharbha, fáencless, foenchless, b[f]aencleasa, faenligibh, faenmharbaid

adj o-ā

(a) prostrate, supine, lying on one's back, of persons: co mboí fáen fortarsnu isind áth ina ligu, LU 6199 = TBC-I¹ 1714 . folcad faen do, ar nach aiced a scath i n-uisce that he should lie on his back when bathing Laws i 72.30 . rosléic faen for a lummain, MacCongl. 25.16 (see n. p. 137 ). loigid in t-ot[h]ar faon, Rosa Angl. 244.6 . Of the dead: ocus Eocho Airem fáen | arna marbad do Mórmáel, LU 2821 . Keat. ii 5474 . a muinter Ard Macha ... | ga tá mac na flatha fáen, ACL iii 305.1 . da farg[b]ais Aed Findliath fóen | i cath Odba na n-ardróen, RC xx 11.10 . rofarccbhadh fáen ina lighe, AFM vi 2132.13 . cuirp faena | beit i Crinna cin chaema, SG 321.24 . Of a vessel, upright : Coire Goiriath, is é-side gainethar fóen i nduiniu 'the Cauldron of Goiriath, it is that which is generated upright in a person', Ériu xxxii 64 § 5 . toi lethaig foin fris ... (foen LB). ... .i. toi lossait faon fris .i. fon tairr ... turn the losset flat Corm. Y 825 = (toi lethaig foin fris .i. fon tairr, Bodl.). ól a lestor foen from a shallow (?) vessel ACL iii 306.5 . mag find-lethan fóen level Metr. Dinds. iii 236.3 . cid fóen a airm, 276.19 . Of weapons levelled for attack: slega faena, MR 154.20 (cf. faen-sleg below). Of hands or arms laid flat, outstretched (esp. in prayer): dothaegat ind aingil ar a cind alláma fóena, RC xxi 380.16 ( LU 1386 ). da slechtain déc ┐ lama foena fri Dia i trathaib an lai, RC xv 489.6 . cf. cusna dernannaib (.i. crosfigell) faena, Ériu ii 227 § 3 . Dia do adhradh ... | lāmhuibh fāenaibh, ZCP viii 198.22 . tái do lám go faen ale ... ┐ tesc na tilcha stretch out thy hand TBC-LL¹ 6017 . Of a kneeling posture: agus é faon ar a ghlúinibh, Keat. iii 954 . Fig.: is cóir do chach co raput faen fúthib sin subject to them (righteous rulers) PH 4068 . fuirseóir fáen `sprawling buffoon' Metr. Dinds. i 26.165 (cf. fáen-chliar below). Of a steep (?) hill: is ar écin ro ascnaidis na hoicc fa n-armgaisced ┐ in cnoc d'faen forra `a hill that sloped upon them' CCath. 2310 adversoque acies in monte supina | Haeret, Luc. Phars. iv 38 . fóenaib foessaib .i. fo sinibh na mbo, O'Curry 1476 .

(b) weak, ineffectual, void: deich mbliadna i flaithius nar fóen, Arch. Hib. ii 84 § 29 ( LL 185a15 ). ba faen falam Mag Luirg uli o sin amach (i.e. after a grievous `crech'), Ann. Conn. 1315 § 13 . atá si folamh ┐ fáon ┐ na fásach void Nahum ii 10 . don tsruthan ḟ.¤ ḟoglas ` sluggish ' Metr. Dinds. iv 200.65 .

Cf. ná fógraid, faoin, flatha, Ériu xiii 16.35 .

Compds. With adj.: ¤buillech dealing prostrating blows (?): dar cach féice fóenbuillech `slant-smiting stay of battle' (pole levelled for the charge?) Metr. Dinds. iii 234.22 . ¤chas: faonchas (of hair) hanging in curls or lying in sleek waves (?) Keat. Poems 66 . ¤derg: fer foenderg laid low in blood (?) Acall. p. 329.7 . ¤gel level-white: ferund faengeal, BB 272b30 . ¤glas: ar fótaib faenglasa smooth green turf Acall. 1566 n . ¤lag weak and prostrate: atáimsi féin faonlag feosach, Keat. Poems 181 . ¤marb, ¤marbtha stretched dead: pl. faenmharbha, MR 308.13 . buidhne ... faonmharbhtha, ML 134.25 . With subst.: ¤bél: (a) liss aurslocthi búirg fáenbéla lying open (?) LU 8715 ( FB 53 ). (b) robadh faoinbhél fotharsna ro hiomchradh ar a eoch é `with his face downwards' (of a corpse) AFM v 1778.11 . ¤bir: a caiter re haīgedaib | ga thriur brāthar ... | cuirthir sin ar faenberaib | ag Aed ..., FDG 429 = MR 52.22 (`small spits'). ¤chless a feat performed with a (horizontally poised?) shield: dogní fáenchles don sciath ┐ faeborchles don claidiub, BDD 148 . fáencless, LU 5969 = TBC-I¹ 1501 = foenchless, TBC-LL¹ 2098 . pl. secht b[f]aencleasa , TBC-LL¹ p. 512 n.1 . ¤chlíar f. cúisig, timpaig ... | filid, ocus fáenchliara `meek musicians', Metr. Dinds. iii l. 235-236 [? see Metr. Dinds. iii 477 l. 236 (Notes) ]. ? ¤gabáil: slega faena ar faengabail | i lamaib a laechbidbad levelled for a charge (?) MR 154.20 . conacai cethror ... ┐ a sceith a (?) foengabail ina lamaib, YBL 118b15 . (`holding their shields down' RIA MSS. Ser. 179.20 ). cona sciathaib foingabala, YBL 119a20 . ¤glenn: fid foenglind Fua `sloping glen' RC xiii 46.22 ( LL 297a39 ). (cf. fán-glenn s.v. fán). ¤gleó: ferda i fáengliaid (`in battle-rout') Metr. Dinds. iii 348.9 . ¤glinne: is fóenglinne dothaet mo phopa F. dom shaigid-se, ni ḟuil claideb ... leis under weak security TBC-LL¹ 2866 = comglinni, LU 6690 = TBC-I¹ 2148 (reading of Y doubtful). noco glinnigthi duit sin sain ... acht is foenglinni `[the place] is insecure' CRR 23 . As npr. m.: Foenglinni mac Dedad LL 268b1 ( MU² 837 ). ¤lige lying prostrate: ga ḟurmiáil (= fuirmeal, O'Cl s.v.) ri fót foenlaige, TBC-LL¹ 5714 (see 1 fót (d)). Esp. in phr. i f.¤ lige prostrate (gen. with poss. pron.): co ro leac dia eoch he co raibe ina faenlighi foithi, ZCP iv 383.5 . Often of the dead: beit fir ina faenligi re mac E., LL 48a25 . gér bo imda cuirp deglaech ... ina faenlighi, CCath. 6046 . na faenluighi, ZCP vi 30.34 . ro ḟáccbaid fir i ffaenlighe, AFM v 1854. 4 . pl. fir i faenligibh , CCath. 6093 . ¤maithes: faonmhaithes ... .i. neithe bréige ` empty riches' SG 6.35 . ¤scíath: beti fáenscéith hi lergaib shields left lying LU 6613 . ¤scor (?): see fénscor. ¤sleg a spear levelled for attack: fri frossaib na foensleg `slanting darts' Gorm. Sept. 8 . ¤trácht a flat beach: tarrasair ... ind arcc, amal bis long for foentracht, SR 2602 . ar ḟaitchib faentracht MR 102.6 . With vb.: ¤marbaid lays low, kills: pass. pl. pret. gur faenmharbaid fir leo, Ériu viii 48.33 .

fuirseóir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fuirseóir or dil.ie/24906

n i, m. a clown, a buffoon, jester: gl. oblaire, Laws i 162.2 Comm. reimm ... .i. fuirseoir no druth, iv 354.4 Comm . Corm. Y 1080 . cleasamnaig ┐ fuirseoire, Laws v 108.22 . do macaib bais ┐ drochdainaib .i. do druthaib ┐ cāintib ... ┐ fuirseoraib, SM Facs. 48a ( Laws iii 24 ). fuirseoir na clere `the buffoon of the party' RC xiv 38 § 34 . fégad furseori ┐ daíne dóescaire (= praeconum) PH 6872 .

See fuirsire.

fuirseóracht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fuirseóracht or dil.ie/24907

n ā, f. the function or calling of a ` fuirseóir ', buffoonery: Dauid ... amal druth ic furseóracht, SR 6684 (cf. 2 Reg. vi 14 - 16 ). comba hecoir dóib in ḟuirseoracht LB 187b34 . fororbairt furseoracht ... dont shlog do lár in rigthige started clowning MacCongl. 43.24 . remm ainm do fuirseoir fo bith cech fuirseorachta ┐ cach riasta[r]da dobeir fora aigid, Corm. Bodl. s.v. remm .

? fuirseóraid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? fuirseóraid or dil.ie/50256
Last Revised: 2019

n i, m. ( fuirseóir ) a clown, buffoon, jester : fuirseoraid cen dan = fuirseoir gan dan 'a buffoon without skill', UR 112 § 20 gl. 1 .

fuirsire

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fuirsire or dil.ie/24912

Forms: fuirseóir, ḟuirsiri

n io, m. (nomen agentis from fuirse) generic term in O. Ir. for a buffoon, mountebank or mime ; by Stokes, Thes. ii 140 n . derived from for + sére `food' on the analogy of Gk. παράσιτος. In Mid. Ir. replaced by fuirseóir . f.¤ (gl. parasitus) Sg. 49b5 . gl. Roscius Acr. 13a2 . g s. ind ḟuirsiri (gl. histrionis) Sg. 103a3 . trí airfite dála : drúth, f.¤, oirce, Triads 241 (glossed p.43 : foirsire .i. abhlóir nó ursoire). imda na fursiri, LU 7824 ( BDD 138 = forchuitbidi ib.)

oblaire

Cite this: eDIL s.v. oblaire or dil.ie/33388

n io, m. (cf. obull) a juggler or rhymester? the tenth or lowest class of poet , Laws i 44 - 6 (see RC xxviii 19 ); acc. to IT iii 65 § 132 - §4 the lowest of the three classes of `doírbaird' or `fográda filed', below the `tamun' and the `drisiuc'; not however mentioned among the eight classes of `doírbaird' given ib. p. 5 . His specific composition was the `buaingnech', IT iii 65 § 134 (where for olbaire read oblaire). secht sceoil oc in oblaire, Laws i 46.2 , cf. v 64.8 . do druith, do oblaire (.i. fuirseoir), i 156.31 . do druthaib ┐ caintib ┐ oblairaib, iii 24.6 . osna foghradhaib filid .i. tamhan, drisic, oblaire, H 3.18 p. 644a ( O'Curry 1442 ). dā mhac rig . . . rop aiti maitius [amus v.l.] malle | eisdrecht ocus obhloire, Acall. 3183. Cf. oblóir.

2 réim(m)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 réim(m) or dil.ie/34960

n m. a contortionist, juggler ? réim .i. nomen do fuirseoir. fobith cach riastarda dosber fora aigid, Corm. p. 38 = remm, Corm. Y 1080 . oinmit, midhlach, reim, riascaire, Laws iv 344.7 . reimm . . .i. fuirseoir no druth; nach fer dobeir remmad fo corp ┐ a enech, 354.4 .

ríastrad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ríastrad or dil.ie/35242

n u, m. the act of contorting; a distortion : iarsin ríastrad sin riastarda im Choin C., TBC-I¹ 1964 . g s. remm .i. nomen do fuirseoir fo bith cach riastardae dobeir for a aigid, Corm. Y 1080 . See follg.