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1 aile

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 aile or dil.ie/978
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: oile, eile, arch, aild, aile, aile, aill, aile, aill, aili, ailiu, ailiu, áili, aili, aili, aile, ailib, aile, aili, aile, aili, aili, a., n-aill, n-aile, éile, éle, aill, aili, ailiu, ailiu, aile, alaill, allail, alaill, alaili, alailiu, aili, alaaili, alaili, n-aile, allaili, aile, alaili, aili, alaile, holailiu, horaili, fulailiu, folaill, hualailiu, alaile, alaill, alaile, arele, lelele, alaill, aláil, araill, alaili, aláili, álaili, araili, áréli, alailiu, arailiu, alaili, aili, lialailiu, liala ailiu, aile, alailib, alaili, aréli, alaili, indala, indala, dondala, indala, indala, indala, all, AILE, ALAILE, arailiu, alailiu, alaile, (a)la, al(l)

In later lang. oile, eile other, one of two, second , pronominal used as adj. and noun. Inflected as io, iā -stem except in n a s. neut. (aill, see below). GOI §§ 486 ff. , Hamp, Études Celt. ix 477 (aill, arch. aild). Old-Irish forms. Stressed forms

(a) aile (as adj. follows noun; as subst. always with article or nach). As adj. n s m. aile, Wb. 12c46 . n. aill, 9c3 . a s m. aile, Wb. 9d31 . n. aill, 13a1 . g s. aili, Sg. 30a2 . d s. ailiu, Wb. 21a7 . ailiu, Sg. 30b4 . n p. áili, Wb. 12b1 . aili, 22d14 . a p. aili, Sg. 28a6 . g p. aile, Wb. 12b3 . d p. ailib, Wb. 12b11 . Fem. n s. aile, Wb. 10d18 . a s. aili, Sg. 189a8 . g s. aile, Sg. 188a12 . n p. aili, Sg. 22a3 . a p. aili, Sg. 191a2 .

n As subst. n s m. nach a.¤ , Wb. 20a10 . n s n. a n-aill , Wb. 4b24 . a s m. nach n-aile , Wb. 8a3 . éile, éle (influence of céile, GOI p. 308 ), 6a15 , 6c18 . a s n. na aill , Wb. 17c23 . g s. nach aili , Wb. 17b28 . d s. nach ailiu , Sg. 209b12 . a p. amal na heliu, Sg. 9b1 . ailiu gl. quos (nullos tepefacit sol), Ml. 94b20 . Fem. g s. inna aile , Thes. ii 15.42 (BCr.).

(b) With double stem ala aile, alaile, with dissimilation araile (with stress on -ail-) (as adj. precedes noun; as subst. does not take article or other proclitic, cf. Ped. Ériu xv 188 ff.).

As adj. n s n. alaill ṡain, Sg. 6b24 . allail (recte alaill, edd.) pronomen , 209b10 . g s. alaili thríuin, Sg. 96a4 . d s. alailiu chruth, Ml. 98d1 . n p. alá aili aidme, Ml. 89a9 . alaaili réta, Sg. 111b5 . a p. alaili dliged, Ml. 18c11 . g p. ala n-aile ndoine, Ml. 54a21 .

Fem. a s. allaili mbeasti, RC xi 446.1 . g s. ala aile aidme, Ml. 51c5 . d s. alaili tain gl. quando, Sg. 222b2 . n p. ala aili interiecta, Sg. 10a1 .

When used with a prep. ending in a vowel alaile sometimes drops its initial: holailiu, Ml. 80a2 . horaili, 2a6 . fulailiu (sic MS.), 102d2 . folaill, Laws iv 102.14 . But hualailiu, Ml. 40d17 . Sg. 25b12 . With la see substantival use infra.

n As subst. n s m. alaile, Wb. 6b20 . n s n. alaill, 7d11 . a s m. alaile, Wb. 5d15 . arele, 9c19 . With la: lelele, 16c24 . a s n. alaill, 4c33 . aláil, 12a10 . araill, 23b21 . g s. alaili, Wb. 4c13 . aláili, 12a34 . álaili, 13a9 . araili, Sg. 10a10 . áréli, Wb. 13a5 . d s. alailiu, Wb. 2a14 . arailiu, 21a13 . n p. alaili, Wb. 13a16 . ala aili , Sg. 215a1 . a p. with la, lialailiu, Ml. 14a4 (liaailiu, MS.). liala ailiu, Sg. 32b5 . g p. ala n-aile (gl. reliquorum), Ml. 37a21 . Sg. 201b15 . d p. alailib, Wb. 25b13 . Sg. 208b8 . Fem. a s. fri alaili , Sg. 202a4 . d s. aréli (see above), Wb. 8a7 , alaili, Sg. 189a7 . 212b3 .

In Bardic verse this form alliterates with words beginning either with r- or vowels: líonmhar dá reic re-roile, DDána 61.3 . sgol i n-ucht ar-oile ag ól, 103.25 .

(c) Unstressed forms (always adjectival preceding noun or aí, see below, and most usually with preceding article or cach). With article (both words indecl.) n s m. indala mmod, Ml. 45b11 . a s m. indala fer, Wb. 4c16 . d s. dondala lucht, Wb. 16c20 . n s f. indala chlas, Ml. 138d1 . g s f. indala rainne, Sg. 74b7 . a s n. indala lestar, Wb. 4c32 . With cach, usually cach la: cach la sel, Wb. 15d9 . cach le céin, Ml. 19c1 . Without art. somet. also all, see C I (a) below.

A. The form AILE.

I As adj. following its noun other, second: frituidecht a.¤ anísiu, Sg. 21b11 . pronomen naill, 197b17 . fogur na liter na.¤ , 4a8 . guidiu itge n-a.¤ , Fél. Ep. 413 . anní nail as much again, IT ii1 180.177 . cethri fogaetha a.¤ , SR 49 . immon michil lasin crosfigill-so immon muiri lasind crosfigell na.¤ immasech `with the next', Mon. Tall. 137.z (§ 28) . do nach raod aliu `to any other matter', 143.30 (§ 43) . isind le[i]th ailiu, Críth G. 591 (eliu, MS.). do c[h]ellaib elib, BColm. 62.20 . forsin triur aili `the other three', RC xxiv 174.10 . aisceda imda eili, Sc.M² § 4 R . Longínus in ainm ele, PH 673 . a dhuine dhiombuain eile, DDána 27.3 . céd eili d'uaislib `a hundred other nobles', IGT Decl. ex. 60 . ┐ ní eili and furthermore, Hy Maine 161.31 . beag oile as congnamh ré chois `little else', Dán Dé x 17 . aill with non-neut. noun: ro-lēcus-[s]a gaí n-aill cucut-su, Sc.M² § 13 . issin láim n-aill, MU² 543 . do thuc bulli n-aill, TBC-LL¹ 1998 . fecht n-aile (n-aill), úair a.¤ another time, on another occasion see fecht and 2 úar. Of future time, next, forthcoming: lathi n-and resint samḟuin a.¤ cind bliadna, LU 3298 ( SCC § 10 ). cosin caiscc naili `until the next Easter', Mon. Tall. 132.17 (§ 12) . nach (na) . . . a.¤ (aill) any other . . . : nábat nacha arm aili `let it not be any other arms', Wb. 11d14 . dochum nacha rainne a.¤ , Sg. 188a12 . indtan noteigdis nach leth aili, Mon. Tall. 129.18 (§ 6) . in nacha reduibh ailib, Ériu ii 106.9 . Masc. with neut. noun: huare nad fil na nert n-a.¤ , Ml. 29d5 .

n II As subst.

(a) another, the other, others etc.: cuit inna aine ┐ inna a.¤ of the one and of the other, Thes. ii 15.42 (Bcr.). amal na heliu `like the others', Sg. 9b2 . arus leth do fallaib an aill do doebdadaib `for half is due for the neglects, the other for the claimants,' Laws iv 126.21 Comm. mad a.¤ da lina beta olca folaid `one of two parties', ii 366.11 . ma a.¤ dá lína bes anfoltach, O'D. 565 ( H 3.17, 441 ). co ndearnadhsom in a.¤ chédna likewise, TFrag. 22.22 . mani tucad . . . ní din chéttadall ni bered a n-aill, Sc.M² § 1 . ní fargaib bennachtain ┐ ní thuc anaill (alali, v.l.), RC viii 52.25 . aroile . . . anaill the one . . . the other (ref. to léo), Grail 3399 .

(b) period of two days: a.¤ do mnaib . . . treisi do rig, Laws i 78.15 . nat ṡasai aena tar a.¤ `that one day should not be extended beyond two days', 120.18 . athgabail a.¤ itir uin ┐ treise rosmidir Sencha, 126.11 . cach athgabail a.¤ , 144.24 .i. for ata anad naili ┐ apad aili, 146.21 Comm. is for dail na haili, 146.12 Comm. athgabail a.¤ do ingin im comorbus a mathar, 146.y .i. ar ata anadh naili, 148.3. Comm. a.¤ déc space of twelve days (cf. a.¤ déc one twelfth , (g) infra): a.¤ do mnaib, a.¤ dec doib im roe, Laws i 78.15 .

(c) Frequ. a n-aill something else, anything else: nimbe anaild arbera bith `he has nothing else that he may eat', Mon. Tall. 146.16 (§ 50) . ind lethbairgin ┐ ind cethramtu nó anaild `the half loaf and the quarter or other quantity, 151.z (§ 63) , ní fogbat merdrecha Ulad a n-aill acht foraim én dóib, LU 3254 ( SCC § 5 ). it é do theoir ríagla / nítroib anaill bas diliu `have thou naught else dearer', Ériu i 194 § 7 . in fil anaill? ol Grigoir `is there anything else?' ZCP iii 30.21 .

(d) Hence with ocus, etc. furthermore: ┐ anaill forácbus[s]a . . ., LL 279a7 . ┐ anaill béus, iarfaig-siu and furthermore, ask . . ., TBC-LL¹ 1920 . ┐ dano a n-aill and úair ni chesend nech, LU 2654 . ┐ anaill niro tagaill . . ., Grail 2786 . Cf. similar use of araill: et araill aile dana béus, TBC-LL¹ 106 . ┐ araill and, dano, . . . ní fil rígain . . ., LU 4015 ( SCC § 46 ). araill ele bheós ro leth ainm . . ., AFM v 1858.z . ┐ araill ele nir bó siodhach . . ., vi 2052.10 .

(e) Uninflected aill . . . aill one . . . another, some . . . others (not found in O. Ir. Glosses): imrordus in rígraid / . . . / aill úas laithib lígdaib / aill fo díanaib déraib some . . . others, Fél. Prol. 23 . aill fir mair . . . / aill ingene húage `one of a mighty man . . . another of a virginal maiden', June 5 . áill fri cumaid . . . aill ele fri teichead (of persons), Alex. 309 . .lll. carpdech . . . aill bruitt budi aill bruit deirg `some in yellow mantles others in red mantles', RC xiv 412.8 . Hence adverbially partly . . . partly: aill is tóla catha crūach / aill is cōra cacha crích, ZCP xi 110 § 30 . go ruc in ingen leis aill ar áis aill ar égin, Ériu xi 46.13 . Cf. aill .i. aonfecht .. . ut est aill torla tres tochuired, O'Dav. 34 , Ériu xiii 15.11 .

(f) With nach any other: arna arroímatsom nach na.¤ `lest they should receive any one else', Wb. 14d37 . cen acaldaim nach aili, Sg. 153b7 . cen acomol naich aili do `without joining any other to it', 197b17 . nib écen na aill, Wb. 22d12 . ni gessid na aill act búaid precepte, Wb. 26a34 . ní epur na haill `I say nothing more', Sg. p. 217 marg. sup. (Thes. ii xxii). in fail na aill adcota[r] dam, Trip.² 1323 . cona bía cuit do nach ailiu i nHére, 2766 . do-bérad naill ( = na aill) would give something else, BDD² 276 . With partitive DI something else of: asbéram na aill diar ṅgnímaib, Wb. 17c23 . in fuil anaill d'ingantaib air?, Grail 2983 . Cf. aill do buadaib Duind C. andso something of the triumphs, TBC-LL¹ 1529 .

(g) In numerals (fractions). a.¤ déac one twelfth: oile dég f., IGT Decl. § 3 . oil a dég (oil dhég v.l.) lochdach, IGT Decl. § 14 . aili deac brotto `the twelfth part of a second', Thes. ii 13.29 (BCr.). erpais Patraic aili deac Erend dó the twelfth part of Ireland, Trip.² 911 . `a.¤ dhéc the twelfth part, the Brehon's fee . Anglicé allayéag,' O'Don. Suppl. ni uil aile déc dosomh ┐ atá éiric a gubreite fairsium, O'D. 536 ( H 3.17, 432 ). da tecarthar ni da folaid cruid on breithemain, no ailedec, Laws i 234.17 Comm. diablad na aile dec, 234.18 Comm. no co thormaigi fa geall co roib aile dec, v 252.20 Comm. log a breithemnuis, aile dec, 212.22 Comm. Perh. also in: ni bhía an oile dēgsi am díaigh / nach foighe Ó Bríain d'éicsi úaim, IGT Decl. ex. 216 . barr na ngēg uile re n-idnaibh / uile dég gun fidhbaidh ortt (lochtach), ex. 225 . Cf. Kl. enair for dardain ail uathaid fuirre `the second day of the moon thereon', RC xviii 176.27 (Tig.). 284.2 . For ail dec 35.9 Stokes suggests reading ail uathaid.

B. The form ALAILE etc.

I As adj.

(a) other: aliud pronomen . i. is allail (recte alaill, edd.) pronomen , Sg. 209b10 . cenn cridi ┐ alaaili réta `and other things', 111b5 . sech alaili dliged ┐ indliuchtu `apart from other sayings and meanings', Ml. 18c11 . imtech[t] Boinde . . . ┐ alanaile n-aband, AU i 308. 11 , cf. 330.4 , 374.4 . In later lang. neut. form somet. used after noun irrespective of gender: leth in moige . . . al-leth allaill, RC xi 446.52 . don taeb araill, Stair Erc. 782 . isin luing araill, Grail 2969 . isind láim anaill, TBC-LL¹ 1719 . Note also: adhaigh n-aill n-aile another night, BNnÉ 324 § 38 .

(b) Usually some, a certain (gl. quidam, aliquis): hualailiu chlausul gl. uelut in clausula, Ml. 40d17 . holailiu lon gl. quodam adipe, 80a2 . ainm alaili thríuin `name of a certain hero', Sg. 96a4 . alaill ṡain, 6b24 . hualailiu mud gl. quodammodo, 25b12 . con alailiu fogoir (leg. fogur, edd.) gl. aliquo `with some sound', 39a2 . alaili tain gl. quando, 222b1a . ac gūmāidim ala naile nairec ninganta falsely boasting of various wonderful inventions, Corm. Y 825 . cornan alaili cuislendach, `a certain piper Cornan', Mon. Tall. 131.23 (§ 10) . alaili fáith marb, Trip.² 1395 . di araile anmcharait, ACL iii 5.3 . aroile fer angid, PH 818 . doní . . . araile gaitt irisech `she commits a certain pious theft', BColm. 84.10 . i n-araile domnuch, ZCP iii 33.15 . ro indsaig araile carruic . . . ┐ ros buail, Grail 1435 . in araile locc i lLaighis `at a certain place', AFM ii 1066.3 . Cf. co aroile mainistir ecin, RC x 187.4 .

n II As subst.

(a) another, the other: ni ferr nech alailiu, Wb. 2a16 . ni áir do neuch molad alaili, 16a24 . is coitchen do cechtar de ainm alaili `the name of each is common to both', Ml. 14d12 . intí diib bes tresa orcaid alaile, Ml. 19d6 . tar cenn alanaile gl. aliorumuice, 95d9 . Sg. 201b15 . cenmathá dobrethir ┐ alaaili `except the adverb and other (parts of speech)', 71b17 . muidit secht catha ren Osseirgé for na Déise . . . asberat araile is tricha cath others say, Ériu iii 138.102 . in foirend is craibdige araile `the folk who are more believing than the rest', PH 6363 . coná baí aithgne neich sech alaile díb, TBFr. 271 . cach gabal tra issuidiu araile hisesam `every other division is sung sitting, the next standing', Mon. Tall. 140.4 (§ 31) . gach clas ro claideadh do línadh do arbaim alaill do imbim the furrows to be filled alternately with corn and butter, Laws iv 98.14 Comm. drécht diib i nAidniu, araill diib oc Dubcechair, ZCP viii 305.30 . Hence alaile . . . alaile etc. (the) one . . . the other, another: biit alaili and rofinnatar a pecte rosíu (sic) docói grád forru alaili is iarum . . ., Wb. 29a28 . alaaili diib hi remthechtas . . . alaaili dano it coitchena eter remthechtas, Sg. 215a1 . Later araill . . . de is used of all genders: comérgit Ulaid araill díb . . . araill, LU 5017 . Cf. a dá grúad . . . co ndeirgi fola laíg ┐ araill eile co solusgili sneachta, BDD² 38 . Also when first part of phrase contains ind ala (infra).

(b) With idea of mutual action each other: con rochra cách a.¤ lit. that each may love the other (= that all may love each other), Wb. 6d1 . rosbennach cách dib elathain aroile, Fél. 4.20 . Eogan . . .┐ Oed . . . do marbad aroili, Ann. Conn. 1340.12 . ar bruinnib ┐ ochtaip aroile ┐ a chēile, Fl. Earls, 80.17 . Frequ. with prepp.: combad imned for araill domsa so that it should be trouble upon trouble for me, Wb. 23b21 . Cf. in peccath for arele, 9c19 . is ball cách dialailiu, 5d4 . ar a ndig cechtar dīb sech anaile (araile v.l.) so that they can get past each other (of two chariots), Corm. Y 1082 (96.11) . ni dernai nechtar n-ai olc fri araili, TBFr. 24.3 = fria chéile, 420 . ón tráth co roili, BDD² 1251 . lán ón orsain go ar-oile / an teach . . ., DDána 85.37 . casmhail a rún dá-roile, 92.6 . an ro loitseat Goill ┐ Geraltaig imo roile (roile) isan tansa `the injuries mutually done upon each other', AFM v 1734.15 . dīss derbrāthor dieroile `two . . . brothers', Fl. Earls 124.1 . ?asrean a ceile agh fo laill do `his neighbour shall give him another calf', Laws iv 102.14 Comm.

(c) somebody, something; a certain person or thing . In sg.: araill tra cairigedarsom there is a certain thing (?) (`there are other things now which he blames'), Wb. 25b9 . So also: [con]-secha alaill indib (`he corrects another thing in them'), 26c1 . aroile do lāmhoip S. Niclās `one of the hands', Fl. Earls 80.20 . ba ingnad liasna Fomoire alaill tarfas doib isin cath a certain thing, RC xii 92 § 122 . atpert aroile fris `a certain man', Stair Erc. 1449 . Note also: ara ara bélaib isin charput sin araile forseng fánfota forbrec a charioteer in front of him . . . and he was, LU 9274 . In pl.: is sí cétbaid alanaile `this is the opinion of some', Ml. 36a1 . circunflex la grecu for alailib diib, Sg. 208b8 . With DI: araill d'feraib Midi `some of the men of M.', RC xviii 23.31 . do deachaidh fein cona mac . . . ┐ ar oile dia mhuintir innte, Leb. Gab.(i) 242.26 . d'foraithmet araill dona neithibh remraiti, 272.6 . araill d'áes na cemenn sin, CCath. 86 .

(d) As adv. (d s n.) arailiu `otherwise', Wb. 21a13 (introducing an alternative explanation); cf. alailiu chruth gl. aliter, Ml. 98d1 . alailiu, Wb. 9a23 (see Bergin, Ériu xiv 29 ; xvii 1; Pedersen, Ériu xv 188 ). alaile, Anecd. iii 59.2 . araili .i. gne eile, Laws iv 68.3 . Perh. also in TBC-I¹ 1044 , TBC-LL¹ 1833 ff. (reading ... cadān co leith. Allaile (alailiu LU) dia tonda etc.) .

C. The form (a)la, al(l).

I As adj.

(a) other, one of two, second (in this use a `compositional prefix', GOI § 394 ): all-aidchi on another night, IT ii2 194.21 . alachéill in sin, ZCP viii 313.29 . Morc .i. ala flaith na Fomoire, Leb. Gab.(i) 80.30 . béra cend ríg alathúaithi lat, BDD² 727 . fria lesa alabrugh of other territories, O'Curry 454 ( H 3.18, 242a ). rogrād fir alathīre 'great love of a man of another land', Ériu ii 15 § 2 . ? nach for ala thire tí tarrassais 'that you did not abide upon the surface of another land', PMLA lvi 940 ( LL 37013 ). li ala lécuinn Saul `by one of S.'s cheeks', Ml. 55c1 . ala n-or di i teg, a n-aill fri sīn, Corm. Y 35 (aurso). ala thred dub alaili find, Anecd. i 57 § 58 . tēora blaī būirig . . . blaī mescae . . . alablaī dúnaid la túatha téchtai tecraiter the second exemption, ZCP xi 83.1 . cath Ocha alachath `the second battle', RC xiii 54.10 . ala-chor second contract, Laws ii 274.z . mád ala feacht iar mbrethaib forru `for the second time', 66.16 . See also under compds. and 1 al. See also under allabrig.

(b) With article ind ala one of two, (the) one (. . . the other) (see also B II (a) supra): dotóeth indala fiacail airthir a chinn `one of the two teeth', Thes. ii 248.9 . arambé indala rann cen diall `that one of the two parts be undeclined', Sg. 74b6 . ind ala c. gl. praetermisit unam c (i.e. by writing hoc for hocc), 205b5 . co lluid tré scíath n-ete indala heóin one of the two birds, LU 3282 ( SCC § 7 ). doroigu ind ala fer . . . et romiscsigestar alaile, Wb. 4c16 . is léir dorigni indala lestar is dínnimu dongní alaill, 4c32-33 . ni coir dídnad dondala lucht et troscud dond lucht ailiu, 16c20 . īadais andala (indara, LU) sūil . . . asoilg alaile, TBC-I¹ 394 . benaid . . . Mac Cecht a chend dondala fir . . . ro boí in fer aile oc élúd, LU 7942 . Loch nE. dindala leith di ┐ Slíab C. dind leith ailiu, Trip.² 1957 . Later indara: indara láim dó fri ubull bragat in chon. dobeir araile fria chúl one of his hands, LU 5012 . indara fecht . . . canait ceol . . . in fecht n-aill contúaset fri ceól muintire nime, 1978 ( FA 5 ). is hé indara fer . . . ró an . . . Donnmal int aili, Trip.² 1521 .

(c) ind ala the second (cf. tánaiste): cengsat siar dind ara chur `for the second time', Metr. Dinds. iii 4.33 . isin dara cét lá deidenach don ré `on the second last day of the term', Laws iv 136.1 Comm. Hence in compd. numerals: ala rann deac `one twelfth', Thes. ii 13.29 (BCr.). issed indala nainmm déc the twelfth name, Thr. Ir. Gl. 25.9 = indara hainm, Corm. Y 750 . indala descipul lxx at the seventy-second disciple, Laws i 20.2 Comm. fir errainne co alasét sesed with sixty-two `séts' ZCP xii 361.21 . ?torad cach trethain ala cairrge, Laws v 484.2 (Comm. takes as all beyond). Cf. co treathan ala cairge no ala caire, O'Curry 20 ( H 3.18, 9a ).

(d) cach (a)la every other, every second: cach la céin . . . in céin naili sometimes . . . sometimes, Ml. 19b1, 3 . cachlacein `alternately', Mon. Tall. 146.29 (§ 52) . is i fescur cachlacēin / dlegar dīdnad dōib they are entitled to a meal on alternate days at vesper-time (of fasting regulations), ZCP xiii 29.14 . cach la sel dún for imrádud dé in sel aile for precept `at one time meditating on God, at another time preaching', Wb. 15d9 . ammarbad cach la sel iarum do a mbeogud indtale dia marbad `he continues alternately to mortify and revive them from their dying state', Mon. Tall. 147.16 (§ 52) . bó cona timthuch cech la blíadnai . . . colp[d]ach ḟirenn lee in mblíadnai n-aili every second year, Críth G. 266 . cach alablīa[dain] every second year, Corm. Y 1082 ( Anecd. iv 96.16 ). cach ara bliadain, Laws iv 140.29 Comm. druinech cechla bean / crecōir cechla fer, ZCP ix 170.17 . ate cuir treineacha la Feine cach la fear dia urgaire, alaili dia forngaire, Laws iv 54.13 . gach re n-am alternately, Dán Dé v 41 .

II n As subst. indala n-aí (invariable) one of the two: is dochu ind ala nái oldaas a n-aill, Wb. 4b24 . togu ind ala n-ái . . . damnad alaili `to choose one of the twain . . . to condem the other', 4c13 . ci atbela ind ala n-ái ni epil alaill, Sg. 30a3 . ind ala n-aí antúaid alaile andess, 67b22 . co n-accai in da mnaí . . . indala n-ai brat úaine impe alaili brat corcra, LU 3285 ( SCC § 8 ). elcuig indalanae, ruibidh alailiu, ZCP viii 105.11 . da fítt . . . inddala hí do tabirt do Día . . . araile do tomailt fadein, Mon. Tall. 161.10 (§ 80) . Later also ala (n-)aí: ar lēicse ala aí di arailiu, ZCP xv 316 § 10 . ni frith ala ai do thacru, 354 § 42 . dá [n]dorus [n]-and—comla[e] ar ala n-aí, clíath ar alailiu, Críth G. 101 . bōthar, talla dā boin fair .i. alanāi for fot alaile for tarsnae, Corm. Y 1082 ( Anecd. iv 96.17 ).

COMPDS. cosnamach fri hailecricha, Ériu viii 173.28 . i n-ailithír, Trip.² 2033 . asna hailithírib foreign countries, TTr.² 1747 (cf. ailithir). aile máthair, Sg. 152a2 (not treated as compd. by GOI § 394 . Perh. infl. by the Lat. altera mater). See also C I (a) above.

1 amlaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 amlaid or dil.ie/3145

 

later form of 1 samlaid.

(a) Frequently replacing O. Ir. amail with demonstr. (cf. O. Ir. amail ṡodain s.v. 1 suide, amal sin, PH 116 ), giving adv. phrase a.¤ sin, a.¤ so thus, so (both words being stressed in syll. verse: coimhéadaidh Aodh amhlaidh sain: Murbhaigh, DDána 75.6 ). The meaning varies between the literal in that (this) way and the more general thus, so, accordingly, then: blíadain don chúiciud a.¤ sin, MU² 29 . do rad min aire is amlaich sin cech día `so every day', Mon. Tall. 147.11 (§ 52) (is a.¤ perh. for samlaid, cf. cach [la] gabal tra issuidiu araile hisesam is a.¤ canitir in pater gebesim i forciund cacha gabala, 140.4 ). co rochet . . . a.¤ sin tarsin nglend, LU 2154 ( FA 22 ) (amal sin, v.l., IT i 185.20 ). ni a.¤ sin ba-sa, TBC-LL¹ 49 . roḟata atám a.¤ -seo, 3549 . conid a.¤ sin fuair bas, RC xxiv 186.8 . mar theid . . . is amlaidh sin docuaid E., Stair Erc. 497 . an amhluidh sin remain in that posture, Parrth. Anma 4425 . in tan tra batar a n-oen inad a.¤ -sin, PH 15 . is ecen co n-icthar cech ní . . . a.¤ -so, 7538 . go ngialldaois dó amhlaidh sin, TSh. 3074 . In greeting: a.¤ sin a Mess Gegra, ar Conall. ató sund ar M., LL 13503 . a.¤ sin, ol in gilla. Is a.¤ eigin, ol si, RC xxiv 196.23 .

(b) Replacing O. Ir. samlaid thus, so: duine do thenid 's do thalmain / fuine deighḟir a.¤ hī, ACL iii 242 § 7 . dogentar a.¤ `so shall it be done', RC xxiv 200.23 . sechtmain . . . bói a.¤ , Arch. Hib. ii 70 § 7 . do marbhadh meisi led mharbhnaidh / marbhnadh deisi amhlaidh í, IGT Decl. ex. 582 . ionmhuin le Dia í amhlaidh, DDána 99.23 . Brought forward with copula: meise is amhlaidh do hionnarbadh, Dán Dé xvi 2 . an corp ní hamhlaidh do b'áil, xxiii 7 . amhlaidh budh fhearr gach itche, iv 28 . ní amlaidh do rála dhó `it did not so turn out for him', TFrag. 242.1 . Note also: amhail na eirghedh C. air, as amhlaidh ro eirghe M. . . . dó as C. would not rise against him, therefore, TFrag. 242.3 .

Hence as quasi-adj.: cian ó bhaois airrdhe amhlaidh such a sign, DDána 99.39 . díoth amhlaidh `many a like destruction', TD 18.29 .

With follg. explanatory clause: is a.¤ domel C. a ḟlaith: a trian ind lāi oc dēcsain na macraidi etc. this is how etc., TBC-I¹ 369 ( LU 4858 ). is a.¤ ro buí side Cú Ch. rotan-ail, MU² 166 . is a.¤ táncatar, cach briugu cona bantuilg etc., 195 . is a.¤ tra canithsom na salmu. Randaich (leg. rannaid, Ed.) cach caocad hi cethair `he sings the psalms as follows,' Mon. Tall. 139.9 . a.¤ itá in rí go rath / gan deiredh is gan tosach, ZCP viii 114.4 .

With .i.: is a.¤ dognithe in tarbfes sin .i. tarb find do marbad . . ., LU 3450 ( SCC 23 ). is a.¤ so tra ro-foired . . . .i. téidm ┐ plaig . . ., PH 371 . is amlaidh ro buí C. .i. fodhmoir romor, Stair Erc. 762 .

With OCUS: is a.¤ dognítis sin ┐ a claidib fora slíastaib this is how they did that, with their swords etc., LU 3234 (sic MS. SCC 2 ). is a.¤ buí Cú Ch. ┐ comfhled mór ace, MU² 41 . is amlaidh do roine si in samugad sin . . . ┐ di cairigh a coraid ina laim, Laws iv 10.4 Comm. is amlaidh iarum ro geanair in mac sin ┐ duirb cecha lamha dó thus the boy was born, with a worm in each of his hands, RC vi 177.107 .

With CO N-: is a.¤ bui in chaillech comba duibithir gual cech n-alt . . ., RC xxiv 196.15 . amhlaidh chreidim . . . go dtibhre, Dán Dé xvi 6 . is amhloidh forcaomhnagair go ro taissealbadh, Fl. Earls 194.5 .

Occasionally indicating simultaneous action: is amlaidh adubhairt ┐ ro thogaib in libher `as he spoke he raised his club', Stair Erc. 806 . is amlaidh adubhairt ┐ tug ola neime di `as he said this he gave her a poisonous oil', 2286 . is amhlaidh adubhairt [┐ ?] tuc béim cloidhimh dh'A., SG 66.22 .

With virtual loss of meaning of a.¤ (as in spoken lang. Perh. also under some of preceding headings): ní fhuil cruth a mbearar ar .sh. nach amhlaidh as cóir úaim ria, IGT Introd. § 13 . is a.¤ tōgaibhthe do na nāimhdip bean uassal, Fl. Earls 48.16 . is amlaidh ro bui in cathair sin . . . a nglinn `and that city was in a valley', Stair Erc. 772 .

Wrongly for amail: a coibne coir comarda .i. amlaidh ro coibindtigedh etc., Laws iv 40.2 (text and Comm.).

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bó or dil.ie/6201
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: boin, bou, bo, boin, baí, b, báu, b, bao, Báu, b, búaib, bai, báe, boin, boin, bó, ba, bai, baei, búaibh, b

n f. See GOI § 60 , § 72 , § 340 . a s. boin, Corm. Y 1103 , Vita Br. 24. g s. bou, Thes. ii 278.2 . bo, Vita Br. 24. d s. boin (cf. a mboi leó do bhú, Hugh Roe² 36.4 ). n p. baí, LL 33395 (TBFr.). ba, ML² 34 (see O'Rahilly, EIHM 462 n.2 ). b, Hugh Roe² 46.y . a p. báu, TBFr. 395. b, Ériu ii 20 § 1. g p. bao, Sg. 22b11 , Báu, LU 5373. b, Thes. ii 335.1 (Hy.v), bó, LL 33391 (TBFr.). d p. búaib, LL 22315. n du. di bai , Ml. 2b11 . a du. dí báe , TBFr. dā boin , Corm. Y 1082 (prob. a neologism, GOI § 340.2 ). b.¤ f., d s. boin, g s. g p. bó, n p. ba, bai ( baei: cnai, ex. 1623 ), d p. búaibh, a p. b, IGT Decl. § 86.

Ox, cow: inna mbao (innabao, MS.) gl. boum, Sg. 22b11 . bō nomen de sono factum suae uocis .i. ainm arna dēnam d'foghar in gotha uodēin, Corm. Y 134. b.¤ gl. vacca, Ir. Gl. 159. buachaill b.¤ gl. bubulcus, 583 . bō a boue .i. is coitcenn aní as bós, ut est duo juga bouum, non enim uaccas dixit , O'Mulc. 161. domaincheass ainm do boin .i. dammainchess .i. mainchess bō, ar is cotcend do ceniul a mbos, 321 . dicitur . . . redg frisin boin mir, Corm. Y 1103. coro dart boin dia búaib, LL 22315 ( Dinds. 113 ). rocuinnig seom boin co B., Thes. ii 340.17 (Hy. v Comm.). blegon inna mbō fo thrī, 335.1 (Hy. v). co tucad na bu co Loch L. . . . dia mblegon, 334.43 (Hy. v Comm.). carais forglu inna mbō, 340.1 (Hy. v). bo blegar fri fit, bo co ngalur, bo ciss flatha no eclasa, bo brothcain, Laws v 260.2 - 4 . turcreic bo cona timtach tricha set, ZCP xiv 361 § 19. ite ainmead bo ara n-athchuir etc., O'Curry 250 (H. 3.18, 145a). trí aithgine in domuin: brú mná, uth b.¤, ness gobann, Triads 148 . eacmaing a bhái ana . . . do breith dolēic, ZCP xiii 172.18 . oc tabairt tānae b.¤ húait, Sc.M² 11. i rrechtaib b.¤ ┐ dam ┐ ech (rhet.), LU 8367 ( FB 24 ). rucad láeg mo bo fadéin . . . uaim-se, CRR 3. co mblighfidhe ó na buaibh / sáith f[h]er n-Ēirenn re h-aon-uair, ML² 138. cethracha b.¤ mbreithi mbalcc `forty strong milch cows', Celtica iv 12.21 . buachaill ag na buaib, Laws iv 86.3 Comm. gur f[h]āgaib gach bō 'gā bōthar, ML² 1255. no-chennachtís na bú, PH 4494. no-chennaigitis na bai . . . isin tempul, 4510. ar boin cach naidche ailes `for he deserves (i.e. claims) a cow every night', Laws ii 136.8 . ansom . . . bai briugad . . . teora bae i muin na trissi bo cows of a briugu (of interest due for use when given as pledge), v 400.20 . trí haige bruithi and, a dauim, no a boin, co na timthach di saill no charna, i 48.3 Comm. cuic ba imorro in gach indligedh athgabala `five cows . . . (is) . . . (the fine) for illegal distress', ii 100.4 Comm. in t-airi ard .i. da ba deg a eniclann, v 46.11 Comm. Bríg . . . is lé tomlachta na bae fothrí i n-oenló, Fél. 56.15 . cain Daire ga[n] bú do marbad, 210.33 . lenaid b.¤ odar eisium, ┐ corbo isin in Odor Ciarain (hence the name of the Codex Lebor na Huidre Book of the Dun Cow), 202.33 . intan dono no gesed in tarb bai ocaib no thiagdais ba in tire comfoco[i]s, Dinds. 142. ro ghad boin o Ciaran . . . ro innto an buin go Ciaran doridhisi, BNnÉ 109 § 38 . ní bhean boin do baintrebhthaigh, IGT Decl. ex. 509. luaith na b.¤ do bheith ar n-a hiodhbairt, TSh. 437. i gcuibhreann na mb.¤ fán bhféar (of Nabuchadonosar), 3464 . ó tharlais gan bhrat gan bhú, Measgra D. 27.34 . mairg nach tabhair bloigh na b.¤ / [san] chró [a d]taraidh 'n-a boin bheo alas for him who does not give (to God) a portion of the cow (i.e. some of his wealth) for it will be a whole cow in heaven, DDána 42.39 . ná bíodh aca choidhche, daimh, ba, ná tréuda cáorach = kyne, RSClára 108a . b.¤ sa bhoin `a cow for cow', Eg. Gl. 739. In legal contexts frequently a unit of value (Plummer MS. notes), see Binchy, Críth G. (p. 106 ): secht seoit sin da tecait ceithre ba .i. bo mór and ┐ se samaisce ar trí buaib, in bo riu, conid ceithri ba, O'Curry 195 - 196 (H.4.22, 8). naoi marg xxit do bhuaibh no darget `29 marks . . . in cows or in money', Trans. RIA xv (1826) 33.25 .

Of land: ined da boo deac di thir, AU i 288.11 (see Mac Neill, PRIA xxxvi 286 n. 2 ).

In phrr. in various applications: b.¤ bainne, Laws ii 176.16 Comm. b.¤ blicht, Lat. Lives 103.2 . ár mbadh bhí bleacht, ZCP v 214.368 (Midn. Court). in bo derba `milch cow', Laws ii 162.8 Comm. (`cow of the (milk)-pail' (Thurn.), ZCP xx 199 n.7 ). b.¤ ḟind óderg white red-eared cow `often mentioned in early Irish literature as a choice breed of cattle,' Bergin, Ériu xiv 170 and Peritia xix 239-55 : roerbad iarom b.¤ find audercc dia taiscid ┐ ba slan di, Vita Br. 5. bo find ó. leo, LU 4410. secht mba finna ō-derga, ML² 34. dobert a máthair dí báe déc dó assint shíd, it é finda óiderga, TBFr. 5. b.¤ bháthair a stray cow , IGT Decl. ex. 1354. Note also: bo fri blícht, Laws i 122.10 .i. i n-aimsir lachtha isin tsamradh, 126.19 Comm. bó allaid (`stag', Plummer MS. notes), perh. hind: tuc fer boin allaid leis dia hidpairt, LB 152a58 . b.¤ féich: tighail .i. (sic leg.) crīch dédenach tairic in bō fēich cow paid as last payment of debt due (?), O'Mulc. 862. b.¤ ḟeisi (see Bürgschaft 66 , 78 ): ised slan ngell .i. ba fesi gell, tricha a lin . . . ┐ diabludh fiach for bidbuid cows of spending the night (part of compensation payable by defaulting debtor to his surety, kept in captivity by creditor), Laws ii 136.5 Comm. cu nícand dech mbu feisi ┐ logh einech, O'D. 87 (H.3.17, 73). b.¤ indláeg see indláeg and, Ériu xx 231 - 2 . b.¤ gabála a (beef-)cow levied as a due (see gabál ): bo g. .i. mart, no in b.¤ méth, ut est athgabail b.¤ gabala . . . .i. in bo marta nó atgabail gabair im boin marta, O'Dav. 284. b.¤ lethgabála (expld. by O'Curry, Manners and Customs iii 519 n. 580 as `rate in aid of a cow (perh. half the cow's value) levied to meet the requisition of the officer for the relief of the poor' (i.e. the huaitne fonluing, etc.). dlighidh . . . boin lethgab[ala], 519.17 . b.¤ marta beef-cow , see 2 mart. b. threlóeg a cow having had three calves: .i. cuinnid co hobonn boin treloegh , Bretha 42 § 33.6 . .i. ni truma na inni ata ina thoirsiugud umpu na bo trelaog , 44 § 34.9 . tri ba inlaega ar da m-buaib tre laega , Laws i 102.19 Comm . b.¤ thúir see 2 túr.

In nn. loc. (see also Hog. Onom.): Campulus Bouis . . . Ached bou, Thes. ii 278.2 . o Inis bo finne, Fél. 184.18 . Bernas ṁ Bāu (= Báu, LU 5373 ) Cūailnge, TBC-I¹ 897.

Compds. With nouns: cin boainmead without bovine defect(justifying, if present, the cancellation of a purchase, Plummer MS. notes), O'Curry 250 (H.3.18, 145). bó-ár name of a cattle-disease, RC xii 428 § 17. boár .i. sgamach nó maolgarb (see bódíth infra) no galur righín, O'Dav. 291. iar dteacht do bh.¤ nó do bhó-dhíth chuca i n-aimsir C[h]ormaic mic Airt, Ériu i 89 § 36. bóbard seventh class of sóer bard, IT iii 5.10 . bobard dō, suithi ndebidi scarta la sen etir fod ┐ cuimri, etir trebrad ┐ sned, 28 § 67 . aisti bobaird . . . .i. debidi nimrínd ┐ debide scailti etir fot ┐ gair, 45 § 66 . Dond Cúalnge . . . / co ndernsat imme in mbó-brait ` Cattle-Raid ', Metr. Dinds. iii 370.8 . screpul cach bóbotha ` cow-shed ', RC xiv 430 § 56. Dari [.i.] bóchana, fedb, Gorm. Nov. 2. Cf. cain Darí, cen bú do gait, Thes. ii 306.28 , see Thurneysen, ZCP xviii 386. ro metadh blicht cacha bo-cheathra, MR 100.20 . See bóchar. go ndeachaidh do chosnamh a bhóichreche orra `to protect his cows against them', AFM iii 224.6 . crecsluaighedh . . . d'ar comairmedh secht cata deg do bochrudh of property in cattle, AU ii 506.20 . leisin mbréid sróllchon sénta / bóchrodh téid dá thaiscélta, IGT Decl. ex. 71. bruach do bhiadhfadh bóchuingir a yoke of oxen, Ó Bruad. iii 88.16 . ? ba flaith os chuan cach curaich / fo bái slúag in bo-chumaid, Metr. Dinds. iv 338.8 . ina bai bit a mbodaingen `cows should be in a cow-fastness' (i.e. at nightfall), Laws iv 96.25 . See bódela. at crothle garmilíne / at búanaind bodelbae in the shape of a cow (?), LU 8366 ( FB 24 ). bodibad mor fo Erind destruction of cattle, AU i 470.22 . doroine bo-dhibadh mór (of an invad- ing chief), ii 118.21 . (as epithet) Bresal Bodibadh, MacCarthy 302.9 . bo-dhíth mhór ind Erinn, dá ngoirthí Maolgarbh `murrain', AFM ii 1044.11 . earrach an bhó-dhíthe, ALC i 494.15 . bó-dún see badún. moch i.e. bo-erge lit. cow-rising (gl. buaroch), O'Dav. 215 (see Ériu xiii 14.29 ). no sechmallad . . . in ṁbeoḟeoil `the beef ', RC xx 262.19 (ACC Comm.). co tuc boghabhail moir a great prey of cattle, AU i 526.4 . nía boidb bógeimnech (rhetoric), LU 5326 (TBC). bōger ` beef- lard ', MacCongl. 79.23 . bogeltach faithche .i. fer meite coimse na teit tar crich . . . bogeltach .i. fer fogelta a bu a faithce ar cach nach déis etar coin allta ime . . . ni dligh dire na saire ` cow-grazier ', Laws iv 344.5 , 352.18 , 21 Comm. bóguin, see Wortk. 146 : (g s. as epithet) Enna Bōguine (B. ōtāt Cenēl m Bógaine, v.l.), Corp. Gen. 163.2 . Cf. Boguinig `the descendants of Enna Boghuine' (note), MR 156.10 . co ro slecht in buar uile, co n-ebert: "Is bo-guine andso ┐ bid [sed] (?) ainm na benni[se]." Unde . . . Beann Bogaine `a cow- slaughter', Dinds. 142. ingen in righ .i. Boguine a ainm-siden, ACL iii 324.7 . sinum lactis .i. genus uasis .i. bomilge `of cows milk', Thes. ii 48.30 . boogam .i. lilgach ar aicme bethi . . gamnach ar aicme huatha . . . samaisc ar aicme muine, Auraic. 5759. bō-otrac[h] cow-dung , Corm. Y 196. conamailt saill ┐ bōṡaill foa corned beef (?), Corm. Y 883 (76.11) . ethar bec . . . bōshaille `of beef-fat', MacCongl. 85.10 . boseiche ` cow-hide ', Laws iv 148.19 Comm. it séoit bóṡlabra[e] direnatar dó, Críth G. 120. tri cóecait cét boslabraidh ` dower-kine ', RC xvii 214.4 (Tig.) = bó ṡlabhra, Keat. iii 2243 . bo-ṡlechta `the law concerning cows', Ann. Inisf. 810. rith cana boileachta `des Rinder betreffenden Gesetzes', ZCP xviii 383.14 . cain boiliuchta (i.e. `the law that treats of cow-killing, cow stealing, etc.' n. 1), Laws iii 110.4 Comm. seacht cumala lana for fer nurradais mboslechta .i. iar marba buachalla, no airamhain. No is comlaithred deisi iar ngait, O'Curry 2440 ( Eg. 88, 36 ra. ) ` cattle-tracking ', O'Gr. Cat. 97 § 42. bosluaiged lit. host of cattle gl. mammona, Ir. Gl. 300. botheach ` cow house ', Laws v 514.35 Comm. bótháin cow raid : rohir dam . . . .x. mbuachailli botana, Ériu ii 3.14 . ron-íurusa im chét mbó bódána, BDD² 267 = bóthána, LU 6763. co n-immad ech ┐ bótháinte, LU 3911 ( SCC 42 ). no geibed Flidais . . . do bóthorud of livestock, TBFlidais 88 . co tí in bo dia botreib, BB 397b2 . in a bo-tuar (`cow dung ', Plummer MS. notes), Laws v 464.13 Comm.

With adjj.: bo-abartach, abairt amail in mboin `behaving like the cow', O'Dav. 316 ( Ériu xiii 29.10 ). brucchaid bó-cédach, BNnÉ 137.9 `with hundreds of kine', Keat. ii 4682. Bernngal Bóchétach, Acall. 5322.

With bú-: ? maccaim beca buaigelta (buaidhghela, v.l.), TTebe 1372 . Cf. bógeltach. a ccreachghabhala cruidh ┐ cethra broide ┐ búalmha, Hugh Roe² 204.32 . for buageltach ṁBreg (of Cú Chulainn), LL 12569 ` guardian ', RC xiv 398 § 1 . Buagelltaig, LU 9084 ( FB 83 ), cf. BDD² 1209.

See bárach, bóaire, bóbath, bólacht, bómlacht, bóraime, 1, 2 búarach.

? 3 cain

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? 3 cain or dil.ie/7785

 

n c.¤ .i. gabal: for ceithrib bennaib in ch.¤ .i. na (sic leg.) gabla, O'Curry 1293 ( H 3.18, 538 ). Cf. TBC-LL¹ 682 .

1 cenn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cenn or dil.ie/8622
Last Revised: 2020

 

Forms: cend, ch., cenna, ciunn, cinn, cenda, cinnu, cind, cind, cinnu, cionn, ceann, cionn, cionn, ceinn

n o, n., later m. n p. cend, LU 9385 . ? a p. ch.¤ , Sg. 54a11 . n a p. usually cenna. On d s. ciunn, cinn see GOI 177 . For masc. infl. in pl. cf. a p. cenda, TBC-I¹ 483 = cinnu, LU 4970 . n p. cind, FA 22 LB. cind `chiefs', Laws v 440.23 . a p. cinnu, LL 8132 . In later lang. both cionn (O. Ir. ciunn) and ceann occur in d s. (see Donl., Párl. na mB.), the former mainly in fixed prepositional expressions (ós cionn , etc.). a s. cionn, Beatha S. F. 2567 . g s. ceinn, Párl. na mB. 535 , n p. Keat. i 196.15 . IGT Decl. § 65 .

Note also: for ar ceinn, Vita Br. 24 . in ch.¤ cleasach . . . Tesifóne, MR 168.6 . iar ndenamh creiche chinne maghair (n. loc.), AFM iv 1356.6 .

I The human head, head of an animal .

1 cend a uerbo graeco .i. gennome (γίνομαι) .i. nascor, O'Mulc. 217 . donchind gl. capiti, Gild. Lor. 102 . du-uic in foiltne i ndiad in chínn, Ml. 84c24 . mani roima fora c.¤ ní mema forsna bullu, 89c11 . beim a cinn fri cloich, 139c3 . ammi corp do Crist et is c.¤ som duunni, Wb. 5d2 . airmitiu féid in chinn, 7d14 . cen chaille fora ciunn, 11c9 . in boill dó ass ón chiunn, 22a17 . adart foch., Sg. 198a10 . dim chinn, Blathm. 95 § 17 . oc folcad chinn a athar, Vita Br. 15 . airecc cinn Iohannis, Fél. Feb. 27 . contt cēill ciunn curp in sense, reason, head and body , ZCP vi 258.10 . rochromsat a ccinnu, ZCP xiv 234.5 . imruidbed mo tenga as mo chind, Ériu ii 102 § 9 . madit a shuili inna cinn, 122 § 61 . amhuil chinn ina bhalluibh, Luc. Fid. 3454 . Of a head of hair: ceinn-fhionna (sic) do bhíodh ar fhearaibh Éireann re n-a linn `white heads', Keat. i 196.15 (see cenann).

2 In phrase with follg. gen. forming n. pr.: Coirpri Cind cait Cathead , Cóir Anm. 241 . C.¤ Fáelad Wolfhead , see Corp. Gen. 541 - 2 . Cend Ghegain, IT iii 101 § 183 . Finguine mac Laeghaire Cenngégain, Cog. 18 (see also s.v. cinnchucán). Eochaidh cendmhairc Horsehead , Miscell. Celt. Soc. 6.8 . da ingin dec ailella cind nathrach Snakehead , Rawl. 134b18 .

3 Of the head cut off in battle: fris-cithsead far cenna díb, BDD² 869 . tri laíchcind . . . im chend do chétmeic, LL 13149 (Sc.M2). co fargaibhset xl c.¤ lais, AFM i 498.2 . So in phr. ár c.¤ = ár: co fargaibset ár cend aicce, LL 2536 . cor' ben a ngabala dib ┐ ár cend leo, RC xvii 354.4 .

4 Attrib. g s.: na heónu / cosna ceólu cinn-sin (sic leg.) shrill notes, Metr. Dinds. iv 214.68 . Cf. gotha cinn . . . ag báinealtoin, Ir. Syll. Poetry 71 § 5 . See Études Celt. iv 397 . iter chosa cinn ┐ cos[a] tóna front legs , Thr. Ir. Gl. 26 . nocha bán-bhéim acht cneadh chinn head-wound, serious wound , Miscell. Celt. Soc. 162.9 . ? secht ccumala cinn, Ériu xiii 22.24 . gilla cinn eich gl. auriga, Ir. Gl. 17 . laicce chinn, RSClára 4a . go mbeith rith chinn ré fānaidh aco ar gach n-aon eile would completely outdistance, would utterly rout(?), Párl. na mB. 99 .

Vendryes, Études Celt. iv 397 , cites BDD² 886 and We. parallels in support of a meaning mouth.

5 In various idiomatic phrases: ro héige in ben nert a cind at the top of her voice, SR 3215 . conā fāgad inad a chind for bith that he might find no abiding-place, TBC-I¹ 2214 . o cionn co fonn from tip to toe, Blathm. 152 . nom-loiscc eter chend is choiss completely , Ériu vii 223 § 34 . dia cennaib ┐ cosaib utterly, entirely , LB 115b42 . bein cinn fri hald `striking a head against a cliff' (of wasted labour), RC xii 96 § 127 . co ro benad a tech dia chind `unroofed his house', RC xxiv 46 § 4 . roloiscedh . . . a ndúin . . . ina cendaibh, Ériu v 158.215 . a ndiaidh a gcinn headlong , Donlevy xviii 25 . an ceann fá dhruim head first (coffin lowered into grave), Dán Dé xxix 7 . co mbiat cend ar díb cendaib (of a fierce battle), TTr.² 907 . ar ba `c.¤ i mbolg' . . . do ṡil Adhuimh were in complete ignorance, Ériu ii 98 § 1 = ba-c.¤ a-coim, RC xxiv 369.6 , cf. Études Celt. vi 201 . cend i cotlud a peaceful death(?), Ériu ii 118 § 54 . ? ní bheinn teann ar chlíabh a cill / sní bhíadh mo cheann a cuigind, IGT Decl. ex. 1400 . c.¤ a ngabal `head in fork' (bad behaviour in a horse), Laws iii 180.18 Comm. c.¤ i láp see láp. c.¤ i, fo muine see 1 muine. ? fír, ol Óengus, Fergas cend fo raithin, Trip.² 1495 .

6 Of a single animal, etc.: do mac Loigsiu pa mōr ngō / ar in āincend an cēt mbō, ACL iii 2.12 . Note also: aon bhuaidhreadh amháin . . . an dara ceann, De Imit. 29.23 . ? robii cosnom im oenchend `there may be strife about one head' (Faraday), TBC-I¹ 1730 .

7 Various: ceann cait owl , Párl. na mB. 1452 . go dul tar ceannaibh cuan, Measgra D. 48.8 ` billow, breaker ', Gloss.

8 In various idioms with prec. vb.: ni mo tarrthus cend furre no forin gaeth `it was no more possible to get hold of her than of the wind', Aen. 649 . do-fócaib c.¤ appears see do-fócaib (D 269.36 ff.). ? immicurtis iarum cenna sechaiseom darsi ṅGairb sair ┐ siar eter Laigniu ┐ Ossairge, LL 36728 . tug a ch.¤ a n-inisle iomagallaimhe orra `entered into converse', ITS v 112.17 . no indsaiged in Troianda . . . congebead cend in Grecdai ┐ no indsaiged in Grecda . . . co ngebid cend in Tr. ┐ combdis cind ar cind, BB 435b22 .

9 Of buildings roof: ni rabi cenn for tempul Fidnacha in tan-sin, Ann. Conn. 1244.5 . c.¤ co claradh oir for tor dibh, Marco P. 117 . c.¤ Frangcach `a ribbed vault, a groined roof ' (Meyer Contribb.), AU iii 161.8 . don chend luaidhe boí for tempall an bhaile, AFM vi 1956.16 . Note also: roclúdadh na lestra fóa ccennuibh covers, tops , Ériu xiii 24.22 .

II End, end-point, termination.

10 In concrete applications: c.¤ cridi gl. uiscus, uisceris, Sg. 111b5 . nóe cend nine tips(?), LU 9835 . achind dochnama, IT iii 103.19 . a-cinn a-cruibh, RC xxiv 377.1 , .3 . cennæ na ngái, Liad. and Cuir. 12.9 . ceand muilind `the head of a mill', Ériu xvii 70 § 12 gl. 3 ( Laws iv 214.29 Comm. ). laim re ceand in droichid, Ériu xvii 72 § 13 gl. 10 . comrad chindcherchailli, TBC-LL¹ 3 . mó ná cliab co cendaib dés ` sheaves ', Metr. Dinds. iv 138.81 . do bhalad cinn én coinnle, RC xxiv 383.33 . dealg do chennaib óigsgech, IGT Decl. ex. 1082 . Metr. aisde cind tṡinte, IGT Metr. Faults §§ 48 , 49 . co casbairn chinn truim, Decl.ex. 623 (see cenntromm).

11 Of territories: a tá isin chionnsa thes (of a hill), SG 118.10 . isin c.¤ ba nesa dó don tír, AFM vi 2056.19 . i cind Maige Dála at the end of Magh Dala, Ériu i 132.74 . Of journeys: a gceann uidhe their objective, O'Hara 1241 . ceann bhar gcoimhleanga, DDána 74.56 . is iomdha slighe . . . / 's a ceann go magh nimh a-nonn, Dán Dé xxiii 4 .

12 Abstract applications: ceann m'aradhna ná léig lim let me not hold mine own bridle, IGT Decl. ex. 311 . sa chionn cunntuis in the account, Fl. Earls 90.13 . ní ricfa c.¤ scéoil úainne tar tech not a whisper of it will get out of this house, TTr.² 1796 . Of time: ar c.¤ fri c.¤ Enair `our end against the head of January' (i.e. 31 Dec. and 1 Jan.), Fél. Ep. 8 . c.¤ do shaoghail, BNnÉ 293 § 12 v.l. For sa cheann cháol etc. see cáel. do cheann don dáil `what you shall get in this affair', Content. xxvii 15 .

13 Of the end or completion of an affair, etc.: foruirmed c.¤ forsnaib cotarsnaib gl. aduersa nostra . . . constant inpleta, Ml. 74c20 . ni tucthar c.¤ essib gl. genelogís interminatís, Wb. 27d22 . oc tabairt chind for airimmeirt sluaigh ┐ shochaidhi, TTr.² 310 ( LL 400b10 ). cend ┐ forcenn air sin that's enough of that(?), Acall. 5361 . ní bia cend for th'ermitin `there shall be no limit to thy dignity', Celtica iv 16.180 .

III Of persons, chief, head person, leader.

14 Legal: nad cennaib coirib comallat, ZCP xiv 379 § 43 `cond . . . den voll Geschäftsfähigen. Die andern haben einen cond als c. `Haupt' über sich, der sie `unterstüzt', für sie in ihren Sachen spricht, etc. ', 380 . rí bunaid cach cinn, Críth G. 447 `caput, head of family, individual', Vocab. fortét cech c.¤ ba tressa(i) inní bes étressa, 474 . c.¤ caich iar nduinib i fine besid sruithe, ZCP xiv 369 § 31 ( Laws ii 278.21 ). cend cartus a memar a chief who rejects his tenant, Laws v 164.19 Comm. dlegaid cind cuindreach `the chiefs are bound to rectify', 440.23 . cach cind (sic MS) a chonrach, ACL iii 227.31 .

15 In non-legal contexts: cend do ḟeraib Herenn Patraic, Thes. ii 326.32 (Hy. iv gl.). for bélaib a cind ┐ a tigernad, Alex. 274 . M. . . . fa chend ar clēirchib, ZCP viii 120.5 . na cinn clāena cin crābud `the wicked, impious chiefs', Ériu iii 30 § 8 . a cheann féin `his Master', PBocht 11.20 .

16 With follg. noun in gen. indicating category of persons: c.¤ bocht almoner (?), AU ii 32.4 . c.¤ cáid caillech n-Érenn, Fél. Feb. 1 . cend degban is deorad, SG 64.35 . c.¤ fedna see fedan. c.¤ fine head of family or clan: lochdach an Róisdeach achd ón chionn fhine, IGT Decl. 7.14 . da ch.¤ fhine ina ionad, AFM iv 1146.16 . i ndioghail a ccind ḟine, iii 404.z . i ndegaid in chinn manach the abbot, Ériu iii 100 § 25c . c.¤ in réclessa, Ríocht na Midhe viii 15 . c.¤ sluag fer Fáil, Trip.² 1793 v.l. Cf. also: is cend daim for dartoid [.i.] mōrpersan for becphopul, O'Mulc. 753 .

17 With follg. gen. of abstr.: c.¤ athchomairc see athchomarc. ar gceann bāidhei-ne an bhean our chief love (of Mary), Dán Dé ii 29 . cend cathaigthe as chalma ro bai do Leith Mogha battle-leader , RC xviii 11.24 . a Chind, coisc na crích (a chind coisc ?), Ériu vii 221 § 22 . c.¤ comairle cuindrig muintire fri comairle comneirt, ‘a “head of counsel” who controls the household with advice of equal strength’, CL 240.3 . nach ben forsa-mbe c.¤ comuirle, ZCP xiv 375 § 38 . cenn comuirle ┐ adchomairc fer mBregh n-uile, 'chief counsellor and consultant of the men of all Brega', AU² 374.6 . in fer ba húasle ┐ ba mó rath issin túaith iss e ba cend comairle do chách, LL 118 . co tech ar cind comairle, ‘to our counsellor’s house’, Éigse vii 77 §11 . cend crabaid ermoir Erenn paragon of piety, RC xxvi 362.2 . gan chend cundraid na comairle rempo, LL 12344 (TBC). uair robesin cend gaili . . . sluaig, Cog. 194. 29 . c.¤ ecna . . . iartair domain, CS 320.9 . c.¤ cech erais, Fél. Apr. 23 . in bandea ingen Terrae cend scaílti scél in betha chief disseminator of news, LL 31001 (TTr.). a chend sochair slúaig Ulad chief benefactor, MU² 58 . In follg. perh. headquarters, centre : uail (= bhail) itā ceand in cogaidh, ZCP viii 115.18 . baili i mbai cend ídlachta ┐ druídechta na Héirenn, Trip.² 431 . flaitheas Dé is ceann chomhsanta dhúinne, Eochairsg. 98.25 ( end, goal ?).

IV Used in a wide variety of adverbial and prepositional phrases.

18 cinn at the end of (see 33, 40, 52) (ciunn, cinn, dative without preposition, GOI 537 ): cinn rehe gl. secundum hoc tempus, Wb. 4c11 . cinn blíadnae at the end of a year, Fél. Sept. 17 . cind .ix. mís, LU 1662 . cind in tres laí, 7977 (BDD). cind cethri ndíni `at the end of four genera- tions', Arch. Hib. ii 48 § 1 . cind mile bliadan, Ériu ii 132 § 109 .

19 In phr. cinn chomair: nó huachiunn chomair gl. e rigione `or, from before', Ml. 119a9 (`von dem Anfang der Richtung', Ped. KZ xxxv 435 ). fri re mis cind comar, AU ii 88.x . Usually of place (see 28, 31): cinn chomair gl. contra (solem), BCr. 33c17 . for in phurt cind chomair dó `opposite to him', RC xiv 406.1 ( LL 12675 ). cind comair frissin ṁbeist n-amnais, LL 398b18 = cinnchomair, TTr.² 148 . i cinncomair friu opposite them, CCath. 5561 . ro badhusa cind comraic riusom, Acall. 6795 . Cf. i comair chind airtherthuascertaig, LL 3865 = hi comardus cind, etc., RC xv 283 § 29 .

Usually with prec. prep. In the follg. sections the arrangement is according to the preceding preposition, with which an adverbial in addition to a prepositional phrase is frequently formed. In a number of cases meanings under various prepositions coincide.

With A.

20 In sense of ós ciunn (60): asa chind guarding him, Metr. Dinds. iv 358.94 . ata M. . . . asa mo chind-sa oc fúr m'anma, PH 806 . batar a cind na cathrach who were over the city, 2488 . In diff. sense: as a cheann féin `of his own Head' (of his own accord), Donlevy 330.16 . The follg. are obscure (leg. ar for as in one or more of the exx. ?): cen ascur sáitha asa chiunn `without remission of tribulation from His presence(?)' (in store for him ?), Wb. 25d16 . conid ari rogabad al-lam a pardus dochum gortæ ┐ bochtæ . . . ┐ bais ┐ hifirn asa cind `thenceforth', Ériu vii 164 § 8 . ? gidh bé do cuir asa chionn `it matters not whom he drove from his head' (Notes), Duan. F. i 32.20 . Perh. in literal sense: in t-ēolus-[s]a rádi rimm, / ferr duit nā cloisti as do chínn, ZCP xiii 3 § 2 .

With AR (see also 42).

21 ar chenn with vbs. of motion towards, in the direction of, to meet (see 39, 45): ceni esǽrsitis in choirp ara c.¤ `to meet them', Ml. 15c8 . condaáerset do failti ar ch.¤ a rríg to welcome their King, 46a12 . ara cénn gl. occurrentes, 60d5 . do-luid in biail arithissi ar ch.¤ inna samthige came back to the handle, Tur. 131 . techt ar ch.¤ Crist, Wb. 25d25 . co toracht Emain Macha ar cend Conchobair, LU 8073 ( FB 4 ). ní-s-cuirfind techta ar dho chend-sa, PH 450 . canat biet in alltair / ar ch.¤ clocáin don phroindtig at the sound of the refectory bell, Ériu iii 102 § 28 . gearr go dtiocfa teachtaire / . . . / ar do cheann, DDána 56.1 . docuaidh . . . arcinn na conuire a ticcidh aran sliabh `went to the road', ZCP vi 56.8 . Cf. airg ┐ áird-leasdair . . . do chomdhlúthúghadh ar cheann na céd aimsire do thairrngir D. . . . dhóib `against', ML 6.25 .

22 Of going to meet in battle: ara chend dait a Fergus, LU 6698 . rotbīa F. . . . ar ndul ar c[h]end ind ḟir ucut, TBC-I¹ 1247 (LU).

23 In sense of going or coming for, to fetch someth.: is ar ch.¤ focheda dodechommar `to meet suffering', Wb. 25a12 . tecat ar ch.¤ in chon co sochruid to fetch the hound, Sc.M² 4 . dula uaimm ar do chend-su to fetch you, PH 446 . teacht ar ceand cind duine isinn ārmuig, RC xxiv 58 § 18 . in lind ara tánac c.¤ the water for which thou camest, Ériu iv 106.7 . ? ochd bhféinnidhe as ḟearr a n-ágh / ar ceann t'éindighi d'fúarán, IGT Decl. ex. 1333 . socraiti do dol . . . ar cend artraige dochum Domnaill, Ann. Conn. 1248.5 . Note also: do lleblaing int écne ara chend (ref. to ordnasc f.), TBFr. 208 , cf. Meyer Contribb., Fraech p. 35 .

24 In meanings of tar c.¤ (66-70) (confusion of prepp.): cuirtha cumtaige ara cend `buildings were overthrown', KMMisc. 152.62 . ar cinn a chesta ┐ a caingne, Anecd. i 42.9 . tagra . . . do thagras ar cheann Mumhan on behalf of, Content. xviii 12 .

25 ar chiunn of time in the future, afterwards, later : frisnaccai archiunn gl. ad aliquam rem, Ml. 53b23 . artha ciúnn són gl. in posteram, 132a3 (see note). ar chinn gl. adhuc, Wb. 2a9 . archiunn . . . diéis gl. siue ante seu retro, BCr. 31b4 - 5 . ar oman imtormaich ina pecad ar chiund future sins, Ériu xix 58 § 6 . in maith iar cind future good, LU 9889 (for ar ch.¤ ?). rogabsat flaith ar chiund from then on, ZCP viii 313.21 . doairchaintis . . . anno bíth ar chind dóib, Trip.² 327 . ? mod airchiund di lubair a disposition ready for work(?), Rawl. B 512, 40c (Plummer MS. notes).

26 ar chiunn as quasi-adj. of points of time next, following, ensuing (in later lang. somet. with (i)ar in this use): san aidhchi ar chínd, BB 39b6 . co belltaine ar cind, BColm. 92.2 . an bliadhain ar ccionn, Leb. Gab.(i) 56.4 . isin laithe ar ccind, 146.2 . In later lang. also as prep. with poss. in this sense: go medhōn oidhche buī ar a gcionn, Fl. Earls 8.20 . go Bealltaine ar a gcionn till the following May, Keat. ii 3137 . See 38 .

27 ar chiunn in textual reff. below, in what follows; later, following : forsin canoin ar chiunn `on the following Scripture passage', Ml. 54c34 . trachtad . . . forsa nouit ar chiunn `on nouit that follows', 64a7 . in testimin ar chiunn `the following text', 104b3 . titul in dligid ar chinn, Wb. 10a12 . ata ní ar chiunn, Sg. 39b10 .

28 ar chiunn in front of, before (see 19): córus dúne ríg . . . ar chi[u]nn a thúaithe, Críth G. 566 `vis-à-vis', Vocab. bui siom oc huamim ara cind `before her', Mon. Tall. 149.18 . co nacca ara chind in fer, TBC-I¹ 448 . Cf. muir ara cendaib, in nem huasa ṁbennaib, 3006 . amail nobeith beo ar a chind as if he were alive in front of him, ACL iii 5.5 .

29 ar chiunn awaiting, ready for, in anticipation of (someone or someth. arriving): biid ersoilcthi ar chiunn for ríg gl. eliuamini, portae aeternales, Ml. 46a7 . ni farnic-sede nach maid ara chiun isin domun, Wb. 2a21 . ar ar ciunn-[n]i `against our coming', 25a33 . anais ar cionn antsluaigh `waited for', Blathm. 102 § 41 . co fuaratar a cele isind apdaine ara cind `on their arrival', Mon. Tall. 162.30 . aínínbuidh na fuair acht triur ar a chinn thall isin fíne (of a man who has joined or rejoined the tribe from outside), Laws iv 294.26 Comm. ar cinn ṡamraid at the arrival of summer, ZCP vii 310 § 8 . dá rabh a Rí na glóire / . . . / do mhaor ar chionn na coinnmhe / liom if Thy steward receive the company, Dán Dé xiv 11 . ar cinn chamhárach before daybreak, IGT Decl. ex. 1195 . ar cinn in lae, Fier. 135 . With petrified masc. poss.: arna beith ar a chind `in her way', RC xi 452.2 , cf. Meyer Contribb.

30 ar chiunn of time in store for (see 51): a fil ar mo chiunn gl. ad destinatum, Wb. 24a15 . cén bes fine ar a cinn as long as he has descendants, Laws iv 240.19 Comm. a n-airchend fil ar ar cinn the destiny which awaits us, Ériu i 68.12 . fuair Poimp bas ┐ fuair cidh Cesair ara cind afterwards, CCath. 8308 .

31 ci(u)nn ar chi(u)nn face to face, at grips (see 19, 54): atraig cach fer di alailiu . . . co m-bátar cind ar chind is taig, IT i 67 (LMU). fíal tened ┐ fíal d'aigriud . . . cind ar cind, LU 2067 ( FA 14 , cf. RC xxvi 148 § 27 ). inn-uair dobímmis cind ar chind, RC vii 302.1 . as and baoi Laogh ┐ a brathoir ciond ar ciond, ZCP x 295.27 . cind ar cind fri Dunchad, Ériu v 242.153 .

With co.

32 co c.¤ to the end, to completion (see 43): berthi leiss co c.¤ gl. perficiet, Wb. 23a19 . ní dernad in cnocc co c.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iii 44.79 . is co cend in cuidbiud the mockery has come to a head, Ériu i 118 § 10 . Cheville: céim co cend, Metr. Dinds. iv 26.9 .

33 co c.¤ with nouns indicating periods of time till the end of, for the duration of (see 18, 40, 52): co c.¤ blīadne, Thes. ii 319 ( Hy. ii 56 ). co c.¤ cairdi, Críth G. 366 . co cend trédenuis, PH 1859 . go ceann cóig n-aimsear, DDána 6.9 . go ceatra ceand[a] raithi `for four quarter-years', Magauran 804 . Note also: in fer co cind a chéli, MU² 991 `against', Gloss.

With DI and/or DO.

34 di chennaib of poetical composition appar. extemporaneously (see however Thurn. cited below and compare aisnēis do c[h]ennaib a chnāmae, Corm. Y 756 , which may point to a ritualistic procedure of some kind): canad do chennaibh, Ériu xiii 17.5 . ailges do ceanduibh, O'D. 2208 (Nero A vii, 144a). dligedh do feghar saor daor do chennaibh, Ériu xiii 25.30 = fedhair .i. dorenar, ut est dliged dofedhar sóer, dóer dochennaib .i. continuo , O'Dav. 828 . do . . . suid filed for-can di c[h]ennaib `von (seinen Knochen-) Enden', ZCP xvi 175 § 4 ( Laws i 40 , co ndenand rand can smuainedh, 42 Comm. ). is dochennaib . . . ro trial Dallán a duain do denum `extempore', RC xx 122.z (ACC). Also in phr. díchetal di chennaib, see díchetal. cetal do chendaib (a metre), IT iii 61 § 123 . See Ériu xlviii 45 .

35 intan tét a laithe di chiunn `passes away', Ml. 21c3 .

36 di and/or do chiunn in return for, for the sake of, instead of, on condition of, because of, for , etc. (see 68): do chinn a mbíd, SR 3406 . do c[h]inn loghaidh `in return for remission of tribute', Ériu xvii 22 § 16 . dúais do chionn chomáoine a quid pro quo , KMMisc. 346.28 . sgēl do chinn chummaéine, Anecd. i 36.3 . dia chind an tsréin in return for the bridle, BColm. 38 § 40 . nech . . . do cathugud di chend Crist for, PH 789 . do tairgeadh bó aile dí da cind, Imr. Brain 58.30 . berair-siu mac díachinn in its place, Cóir Anm. 133 . do chinn mo claidhem fen instead of my own sword, Fier. 60 . ragtais dia chind i comrac on his behalf, Metr. Dinds. iii 446.88 . do chionn a seachna `on condition of' (notes), Dán Dé x 12 . ró-mhór fuaramar d'a chionn too much we have got from it, Ériu i 96 § 52 . do chionn ubhaill, DDána 26.6 . do chionn an tshaoghail do thréigean through abandoning, Beatha S. F. 748 . dá chionn on that account, TSh. 1942 . do cind ced cennaighechta do denum in order to get leave, ZCP vi 90.15 . ar ngellad a marbtha d'Ulliam Burc do chind luaigi in consideration of, Ann. Conn. 1310.5 .

37 Of soliciting or having intercourse with a woman in spite of or unknown to her husband, etc. (see 70): comrac frim dot chind-so, Fing. R. 114 `in disregard of', Vocab. ben-side Ch. . . . co rustoirrchestar E. do chind a cēile, Corp. Gen. 139.x . a breth di-a chind (another man's wife), PH 833 . luid . . . F. . . . do thochmarc a mnā do chind Oilella, Fianaig. 6.16 . docomraiced-som fria mnaib aili dia cind si in disregard of her, ZCP i 104.10 .

38 Various: cia ruslā dia c[h]ind . . . T. . . . is he rosla(n) dar a chend, ZCP xiii 7.24 . conom thí de chind chúarda till it is my turn(?), LU 6699 ( TBC-I¹ 2158 ). ar chuir dá ceann all he added to it(?) (cf. 48), DDána 91.14 . ó Inid go Cáisg dá gcionn till the following Easter (see 26), Aithd. D. 75.18 . ? nior cuir dha chionn do bhí ag Fionn, Duan. F. i 32.20 .

With FO.

39 fo ch.¤ towards, against, for (see 21, 45): teacht fam cheann `(to) attack me', Content. xviii 1 . éirghid fo cend mo c[h]reiche they go for my booty, ZCP viii 226.22 . Note also: gabh fád cheann mo chonmharccsa `take upon thee my quarrel(?)', Studies 1924, 243 § 12 .

40 Of time within, during (see 18, 33, 52): fo ch.¤ aimsire giorra at the end of a short time, Ériu v 188.456 . fo c.¤ begain aimsiri, Stair Erc. 258 . fo chionn dā lō go n-oidhche, Fl. Earls 10.16 .

41 fo ch.¤ (less freq. chiunn) about, concerning, with regard to, for the sake of, etc. (see 59): ? craed aderum focheann, YBL 149a4 . fuaire a chách a-taoi fám chionn towards me, Dánta Gr. 86.8 . fa a gcionn because of them, DDána 25a1 . déna . . . fá ch.¤ oirbire t'filedh `to thy poet's objurgation make concession', O'Gr. Cat. 402.20 . mar go bhfuair duadh ┐ doghruing fá a ceann `on her account', Keat. ii 2342 . ? alaind a dath / fa ceand na cuach, IGT Metr. Faults§ 68 .

With FOR.

42 for c.¤ , ciunn. Usually = ar ch.¤ , chiunn (21 ff.): an do lotar for cend conaire, Vita Br. 40 `as they were proceeding on their way', Ir. Hist. Stud. i 132 . dochuaid fóncaillid forcend chonnaid for firewood, RC ii 396 § 33 . ro-fhóidestar P. . . . gilla turusa for cend Ísu, PH 2602 . for bar cind, LU 8388 ( FB 26 ). doluid D. for cuinn (leg. ciunn) a sethar do ḟailte frie, Rawl. 134b1 . co tarrla in muir ina clár comréidh . . . for cinn in catha, CCath. 1927 . for a g-ceann awaiting them, ML 44.22 . gusin dia dardaoin buī dō for cionn `until the Thursday following', Fl. Earls 258.4 . Perh. for orig. tar c.¤ (68 ff.) in: du gabail rigi for ch.¤ á athar `in his father's stead', Ml. 44d29 . cach adaltrach do-t[h]et for ceand cetmuintire, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 49 (`in spite of', note p. 50) ( Laws ii 384.1 ). do accallaim Grigair for cend uird ┐ riagla, LU 3095 (fo ch.¤ ?).

With I.

43 beirid, do-beir i cinn finishes, completes (see 32): doberar opair i cind and sain, LL 32264 ( TTr. 1452 ). maine berthar i cinn, 400b18 . ? focal nāchar thuill a gciond (: rinn), ZCP viii 223.x .

44 do-tuit etc. ina ch.¤ falls down, topples (see 67): a toitim ina chend dorisi, TTebe 1669 . ag tuitim ina ccenduibh do bhedis colamhuin . . . na cathrach, Ériu iv 56.18 .

45 i c.¤ in contexts implying motion (us. with prec. vb.) to, in the direction of, towards, against (see 21, 39): na torcair nemh inna ccent `on them', Blathm. 68 . lotir remib hi cend in Brogo, LU 10575 . co torracht C. i c.¤ in droichit cucu, CCath. 1283 . ben sund i cend for máthar, Metr. Dinds. iii 6.55 . dorat . . . / Conall i cend Chonculaind matched C. against C., Metr. Dinds. iii 446.96 . ro cuired cach i ceann araili dona Romanchaib, CCath. 3159 . an uair chuirid i n-a chionn when they oppose him, DDána 96.33 . connsuine . . . do rachadh na cheann, mur atá so: slat ┐ dearg, slaitearg sin which would be assimilated to it, IGT Introd. 10.2 . do tuit an torc a cend a choss fell forward, BCC 324.30 .

46 i c.¤ with prec. vb. of motion and follg. Vn. etc. in g s. implying beginning or undertaking of an action: o dochotar . . . i c.¤ taispenta ind immuin do G., Lib. Hymn. 63.40 . do chuadar i cend a retha took to their heels, MR 318.4 . notheiged-som ┐ a gilla a cend bleogain na bo, Ériu v 34.22 . ná ragaind i ceand catha ina agaid, FDG² 465 . dochuaid i cend in sceoil (d'innisin, v.l.) `she went ahead with the tale', TTebe 1833 . T. . . . do dol a c.¤ oilithri, Ann. Conn. 1307.18 . lotar . . . i cend séta, TBC-LL¹ 451 . Note also: ra érig in fili ┐ do chúaid i n-a cend ┐ issed ro ráid, LL 39018 ( SG 385.34 `went to work'; `came to them', Stokes, RC xiii 107 ).

47 i c.¤, ciunn in addition to (see 63): foghellta ┐ bleth do dul ina ceand `shall be added', Laws iv 130.27 Comm. Matha a cind Crist ro scrib a shoscéla together with, LB 153a64 . ag flaith Li do chím 'na cheann / ní do gach tír 'na thimcheall also, Ériu v 64.15 . a cc.¤ gach sgéil eile dar innis doibh, Rel. Celt. ii 196.32 . a c.¤ a roibhi aigi, ZCP vi 51.10 . na c.¤ sin in addition, Maund. 15 . hi cc.¤ a chéle together, Hugh Roe² 40.13 .

48 cuirid i c.¤ adds to (see 38): cindus do-chuirfed tuilled i n-a chend, PH 7730 . cuir 'na ceand, O'Gr. Cat. 311.9 . teine do cur a ceann teineadh making bad worse, 23 P 10 ³, 15a30 . Note also: ni fuair Fergus ríam ni do cuirfe a cend Modha do marbadh do Dubthach `anything to compare with the slaughter of M. by D.', Celt. Rev. ii 116.x .

49 i c.¤ in preference to: am cheann do chomóradh 'was given preferential treatment over me', Ériu lxiv 162 § 1.7​​​ . S. . . . do chor i tticcernus . . . hi ccend Ch., AFM iii 360.16 . taisech do denam doib do mac M. . . . ina c.¤ , Ann. Conn. 1262.9 .

50 i ciunn at the head of for purpose of leading: m'anam-sa a Dhé mar budh dall / sé 's an chalann-sa 'n-a cionn, Dán Dé xxiii 13 . bi 'n-a cinn = ducas eum, Smaointe B. Chr. 1050 .

51 i ciunn in store for, destined (see 30): a-tá lá cúirte 'n-ar gcionn, DDána 23.29 . a uilc i gcionn gach chiontaigh his wrongdoings await every sinner (for punishment), Dán Dé vii 15 . i gc.¤ gach baíth a baegul, MR 286.21 . go bhfuil an bás . . . i gcionn gach aoin, TSh. 99 .

52 i ciunn of time at the end of (see 18, 33, 40): a cínd da bliadna onaímsir-si two years ago, RC x 186.1 . hi cind tredenais, ACL iii 309.10 . a cc.¤ a fhichet bliadhna da aois in the twentieth year of his age, Rel. Celt. ii 196.7 . a ccionn trí lá, Desid. 6345 .

53 Various: i mbun na gabla ro boí hi ciund tened over against, LU 9194 ( FB 92 ). a cheann i cind tened, ZCP i 464.33 . gach aon a gceann a dhíre ┐ a dhúthchasa féin in possession of, ML 102.14 . mac S. a cind arrad at the head of nobles, Ériu v 244.194 . in cís d'ícc a cind chruid, LB 133b56 `in respect of', Todd Lect. vi 40.6 .

c.¤ i c.¤ (ceann a cceann is an exception to the rule that the same word may not be used more than once in a line, Bard. Synt. Tr. 24.36 ). ? ceann a ceann, .c. o an doilgheas, 55.24 . Also cionn a ccionn (: fionn), 25.1 .

54 c.¤ i c.¤ = ci(u)nn ar chi(u)nn (31): misi do cur c.¤ i cc.¤ / as Cuchulainn, TBC-LL¹ 3151 . cuirid c.¤ hi c.¤ , Fianaig. 60.27 . is and sin . . . do rancadar Leth Cuind ┐ Laigin ceand i cend, RC xxiv 50 § 10 . go g-cómhraiceam ceann a g-ceann, ML 82.25 .

55 c.¤ i c.¤ together; simultaneously : Conchabor, Aedh cend a cend `head to head' (of kings buried together), Ériu ii 166.47 . cia leitir sin c.¤ a c.¤ / dognīad lethfod is lethtenn, ZCP xii 295.8 . nocor thathaigh ceann i c.¤ / na cuic cuicidh na hEirenn, xi 43 § 31 . cred dorad tu c.¤ a c.¤ / a comhaitreab na catcend?, KMMisc. 315.16 . trí Cormaic theas ceann i gceann / im an seang, DDána 91.33 . do dortsed fair cend i cend (of attackers), Ann. Conn. 1405.15 .

56 c.¤ i c.¤ successively (see Aithd. D. Vocab.): gan a ccloistecht cend i ccend / gabhāla airdrīogh [n]Ērenn, ZCP viii 218.30 . fiss gach catha c.¤ a ceand, Anecd. i 29 § 35 . rob ionchuir é, ceann a cceann / is inghean airdrīgh Éireand point by point, KMMisc. 356.7 .

With IMM.

57 is fachain dá gcar um cheann to make them change their attitude(?), DDána 67.4 . (taken by Ed. as i and mo).

58 imm ch.¤ about, around : tarrassaid inn irgal im chend Connacht, LL 12308 (TBC). doiri crannrabhan mad cheann round thee, Magauran 436 . ní ráidhte um cheann gcomhóla during a drinking-bout, O'Hara 146 . radharc um cheann a calaidh `the sight of its shores' (Gloss.), Measgra D. 52.35 .

59 imm ch.¤ about, concerning, with regard to (see 41): rola B. . . . / ilach im cheand Feargaile (perh. in semi-literal sense), RC xxiv 54 § 14 . imcheand cach formaid bai etarru `for all the ill-feeling', Ériu ii 178.16 . an-scél . . . im-c.¤ deilbe . . . in-domain, RC xxiv 369.5 . t'fhearg . . . um cheann do chloinne, DDána 10.22 . um cheann craos-óil in the matter of, TSh. 7446 .

With ós (see 20).

60 ós chiunn (on as cionn beside ós chionn see Desid. p. xxxv ). In more or less literal sense: in tituil robói huas ciunn Crist isin chroich over Christ's head, Ml. 74b1 . ōs chinn sanct-Brigte, Thes. ii 329.2 ( Hy. v 15 ). Over, above: baí . . . ben . . . oc airiuc dont ṡluág os a cind, LL 259b15 . Cuncha cnoc os cind Life, ZCP xi 41 § 1 . nochtais . . . in claidheab os cind na hingeine, RC vi 175.30 . ós chionn mo leabhráin studying, Content. ii 14 . ōs a ch.¤ , Fl. Earls 66.15 .

61 With prec. vb. of motion: tānic . . . ōs ceann N. made for, Celtica i 116.118 . téighim ós chionn a chosnaimh I undertake to defend it, Content. xxi 12 .

62 in control of, in charge of: os chionn Bhanbha, Content. xxx 26 . sdiobhard ós ceann mhórāin maoine, Mac Aingil 568 . ōs cionn in cholāiste, Fl. Earls 68.25 .

63 over and above, in addition to (see 47): ós c.¤ fhichit each, AFM iv 1134.28 . faoi nó ós a chionn `or thereabouts', Corp. Astron. 4.12 . ōs a ch.¤ sin `besides', Fl. Earls 90.15 .

64 Note also: bun ós cionn `upside down', Psalms cxlvi 9 . más bun os cionn atá sé `if he haue any auersion', RSClára 155a . For fuller treatment see 1 bun.

65 With ré: ria cind tri trath in three days, RC xvii 386.2 .

With TAR (see also 24, 42).

66 fo-ceird etc. tar c.¤ (somet. with possess. before c.¤ ) overthrows, upsets, turns upside down : in cor tar c.¤ gl. euersio, Ml. 36d23 . gl. euertando, 72b12 . tochur tar c.¤ , Críth G. 233 . ro lá in slúag . . . tara cend, LU 9760 . fochichret in Trói dar cend, TTr.² 389 . ro-chuir cend dar cend . . . miassa na monotóri, PH 4392 . is e ro-lá dar cend ar forcetul-ne subverted, 1686 . See fo-ceird. Cf. dos-curedar tara cend 'she collapses', CMMucr. 50 § 43 .

67 With do-tuit (see 44): co torchratar . . . dara c.¤ hi suan, ZCP iii 6 § 20 .

68 tar c.¤ on behalf of, for the sake of, in return for, in lieu of, because of, for, etc. (see 36): dufiastar tara c.¤-som `punishment will be inflicted for them', Ml. 27c4 . deich tarm ch.¤ `take vengeance for me', 72d11 . no oircthe . . . tar c.¤ a p[ecthae] ind aile `for its sins', Tur. 110c . taiccéra cách dará chen fessin gl. pro sé, Wb. 6b28 . oc irbáig dar far c.¤-si gl. de uobis, 16d8 . ? mo ort do gabál darm ch.¤ `that my rank should be taken for me', 23b18 . a setig . . . do pennait tar a cend fadesin ┐ dara cendsom on her own behalf and his, Mon. Tall. 163.18 . dar cend na cāna in return for, Cáin Ad. 25 . ciata glinni con-daigi dar cend frithaisceda?, MU² 65 . do foglaim na Tāna rucc in sái rōmānach a hArdmacha dar cend in cuilmin, ACL iii 5.31 . na feicheamna dara tecait cend, Laws iv 60.18 Comm. tarc.¤ gabhála aigi ┐ tacra tar a ch.¤ pleading in his behalf, CCath. 535 . díol tar ceann a chomaoineadh, Content. ix 25 . tar ceann do chloinne, Dán Dé xxviii 29 .

69 in spite of, in violation of; notwithstanding : ba holc lais dith Fergail darceand a shida, RC xxiv 64 § 25 . tar c.¤ Conoill, Duan. F. i 84.8 . tar a cheann sin nevertheless , Desid. 3220 .

70 Of begetting offspring by a woman in spite of or unknown to her husband (see 37): trī meic Medba fri Fergus dar c.¤ nAilella, Corp. Gen. 279.1933 . mac ruc don Dagda . . . / dar cend ḟir na síde, Metr. Dinds. iii 30.75 . is e doroine in toirrcis sin fria dar c.¤ Cathbaid, RC vi 175.51 .

71 As conj. tar c.¤ go notwithstanding the fact that, although : tar ceann go n-abair an Chóir Anmann gur . . . ní mheasaim gurab . . . , Keat. ii 2344 . tar cheann go n-anann tú feadh do bheathadh san olc, Mac Aingil 1040 . tar ceann gur shaoil . . . notwithstanding the fact that, TSh. 541 . tar cheann go bhfuil mórán etc. even though there are . . . , Párl. na mB. 461 .

Compds. (general composition-form in early lang. cenn-. Later also cinn- and ceinn- before palatals).

With nouns.

72 In dvandva-compds. (see Wortk. 130 ): bidh suī lēigind co cendanim head and soul, ACL iii 231.22 . cend-chossach head and feet (of cooked animal), Ériu iv 124 § 2 .

73 With c.¤ qualifying second member: cu nach fácbadh claidem ar cennadairt, Acall. 1632 = SG 129. 29 `pillow' ( -adart, BLism. 212 rb13) . Fig. cennadart fona fertaib inso, Thes. ii 332.27 ( Hy. v 23 gl .). Of a person: O'M. a cceann adhart, Top. Poems 58.18 . oenball dia curp nó da cendagaid `countenance', CCath. 4700 . gráin catha ar mo cheannaghaidh (sic leg.), Content. xxiii 15 . tria cendairde no tria cendísli doníther in taidbhriudh anuasan, O'D. 908 (H. 3.17, 649) = O'Curry 2164 ( Eg. 88, 4(5)d ) (see O'Gr. Cat. 139 ). cennait muilind `the head (site) of a mill', Ériu xvii 76.10 . cennáit `head residence', AFM v 2082.2 . ? Cf. an chríoch nó an cionnaidh is dúthaigh dhó, TSh. 1775 (chianáit, v.l., Gloss.). ar Chrīst ar cennabaid chief lord, ZCP viii 214.6 . do ghabh clogat . . . fa n-a cheann-bhaithios `head', MR xiv 21 . ¤barr see cen(n)barr. ¤bécc see cennbécc. ¤bert see ceinnbeirt. cennbhile oir na n-ardriog (a prince), LL 394.8 . bheith dheit ad chinnbhile ós coill, O'Gr. Cat. 381.22 . súdh ceannbhracha `malt liquor', O'Hara 4076 . in Cennc[h]at[h]ach ina laimh .i. a bachall, Lism. L. 3103 . ¤chléithe = cenn: scothais a chenn clēithi de, ZCP viii 117 § 12 . ní chuirthear ceannchnaipe óir ar phaidrín mhaide, Mac Aingil 1041 `Pater Noster bead(?)', Gloss. lom[r]aid a cendchongraim din mnái headdress, Hib. Min. 77.9 . ceann cosnamach comegin C. `violent groans', MR 260.6 (leg. ¤osnadach ?). for cenn-cumhdach a choroine ` head-covering ', Misc. Hag. Hib. 43 § 62 . capitolauium .i. cenddīunach, Corm. Y 296 . cend-drong filed fó fírda, Metr. Dinds. i 36.93 . inceindetan gl. gigram, Gild. Lor. 82 . donchendfiacail gl. capitali, 134 . ¤ḟochrus see cennḟochrus. cenngalor (in marg. dolor capitis), Wb. 17b25 . Vita Br. 28 . dia ro h-icad don cheann-galar, YBL 174b23 . ? ni tormaig ni fora notrus . . . a cendgelt, Ériu xii 40 § 51 ; 'tonsure' ZCP xlii 48 . caeca echlosc orda co cendimlaib airgid, IT ii2 191.14 (cennpairtib, v.l.) `end knobs'? Plummer MS notes. ¤ísle see cendairde. ¤lá see cennlá. ¤liter capital letter. Usually metaph. of persons and things: cinn-litre ceall `the capitals of the churches', Content. xv 30 , cf. xviii 73 . dún iona cáir cinnlitre, Ériu v 60.4 . ceinnlitir siodha ┐ coccaidh `arbiter', AFM iv 976.3 . snímcha cendmaisse `head- dress', Tec. Corm. xvi 84 . cendmaisse laime glove, Acall. 5971 v.l. ¤míl name of an ornament: coíca acrann . . . co cendmílaib, TBFr. 31 . fuath . . . [na] cendmila tucsat a coscar catha, Aen. 1563 . Of persons: Ísa Críst . . . in cennmíl cumdachta, ZCP viii 204.34 . ní ba cendmíl muinntiri / nech nach fulaing a hécnach, iv 468 § 17 . a fírchlethe a chendmullaig, LU 6475 . brat tlachtgorm corcarrda hi cennfait impe (i.e. thrown over her head?) (cennḟait, MS), TBC-I¹ 2791 . cendpaite imma cenna `fillets', RC ix 484 n.5 . cinnréallna `stars of first magnitude', Ó Bruad. iii 14.7 . cend-róit `highway', CRR 28 . (Auricula Muris) ceinn-sgethrach do ghenam dhe, ┐ glanaidh an inchinn o na salcar, 23 K 42, 367.5 (see sceithrech). fá cheannsmacht, Oss. iv 274.24 . ` paitric' cennsrián, Metr. Gl. 19 `headstall', Plummer MS notes. dotuit ar a cenntruime topheaviness, O'Dav. 200 . cenntruime .i. gin collad, O'Curry 2598 ( Eg. 88, 50(51)d ). cend-urra a slánaigthe `Captain', Heb. ii 10 .

With adjectives.

74 C. chendalaind, ZCP xi 41 § 5 . cendard cassetnach, IT iii 246.80 . dá ech . . . cendbeca, LU 9257 . na dá chendbricc 'the two piebald-headed ones' TBC-LL² 1086 . cnā ceand-buidhi, ZCP v 22 § 16 . tre cnoccuibh corra cenncæla, ZCP vi 290.22 . ic imbirt fidchilli .i. na Cendchaeme (as subst.), LL 8350 (TBC). ingena cendálli cendchassa curly-headed, 31382 (TTr.). do innsaighi cnuic cennchuirr, ZCP vi 60.12 . cendchrom torsech, LL 12064 (TBC). ¤étig freq. as n. pr., see Corp. Gen. etc. trian a scéith chendfhada comdhualaig, ZCP xiii 211.11 . ar coiciud cendḟind Connacht, LL 3224 . See cenann. cheillínill / ceandfolaim, IT iii 92 § 139 . an fer cendgarb, i 273.29 ( FB 40 Eg.). cairrge ceann-gharbha, ML 34.4 . cranngal cheinngér, IGT Decl. ex. 905 . Eoghan an airm cheannghlais, DDána 99.40 . ar taisbenad a craisigi cenn-guirme catha, MR 196.5 . ¤grúcánach see grúcánach. a muinter . . . cendísel Corccaige `hang-head', MacCongl. 29.22 . arocul becc . . . cendisel low-pitched, Todd Lect. vi 42.2 ( LB 134a35 ). laech caem cendlethan, LL 11824 (TBC). cofacca . . . in deilb . . . cennléith, Ériu iv 102.12 . ocbud . . . chendmas, Anecd. i 60.88 . a dhá chraoisigh ceann-reamhra, ML 112.21 . ar ná ba cennscoilte `lest you get your head broken', Tec. Corm. 38.26 . Cuirrín Cheannsholuis, ML 32.18 . dia sephaind céis cenntoll céol, ZCP iii 7.2 . ¤tromm see cenntromm.

Rarely with verbs:

75 ceannlasfaidh a cró coirrshleagh (of warriors), Aithd. D. 16.28 . gu cennlúbdais na clocha na caolsoighdi the stones turned the points of the arrows, Caithr. Thoirdh. 113.6 .

Freq. as second element in compds.

76 See GOI 219 (nochtchenn, ardchenn). Freq. in this use in form -genn, see GOI 87 , O'Rahilly, Ériu xiii 140 . See cloicenn, cromcenn, corrcenn, 1 dícenn, táilgenn, tollcend (1 toll). Note further: crothid conchend catha ceirp, LU 3629 ( SCC 31 , see note in SC2). teiti tair fo thalmain trell / i nEgiptacthaib láncend (the Nile), LL 16325 . m. Fiachach Uanchind, Corp. Gen. 88.7 . Baccan mac Brain meic Eircc hUbulchind, Rawl. 126b43 .

77 Very freq. in nn. loc., see Hog. Onom.

? coibned

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? coibned or dil.ie/10019

 

n im ch.¤ eitechta .i. athgabail indligthech; no langfhitil itir a cenn ┐ a cosa, Laws i 168.4 , 174.6 Comm. ` tying (of horses)' (com + fedan), Laws Gloss., com + fedned, Meyer Contribb. Follg. may belong to coibne (Plummer MS. notes): geall foircsean uinge .i. smacht gille fri laim neclasa, in nuinge tar in gabal is coibnedh a tormaigh dia mámaib, O'Curry 1991 (H 4.22, 25).

2 cúan

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 cúan or dil.ie/13335
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: cuanta

n o, m. c.¤ m. (ón ḟairge, acht canamhain aige), IGT Decl. § 96 . Note n p. cuanta, Celtica i 114 . haven, harbour, bay, gulf (?); expanse or stretch of water, sea, river, waters: allgotha na stiurusmand ic (sic leg., see note) cosnam chúain (`contending for a haven', TTr. 1428 ), LL 32238 . gur gabhamur c.¤ ┐ caladhport a mBeind Ē., Feis Tighe Chonáin 1041 . longa ar cuid . . . don c[h]uan, ML² 1019 . coimét na cūanta don [t]æibh thes do t-[Sh]axanaibh `charge of the harbours', ZCP vi 90.16 . hi ccuan na nCeall mBeg `harbour of Killybegs', Hugh Roe² 120.19 . ō rian Lēime Con na gcuan of the bays (?), ML² 1281 . geisid cuan / ós buindi rúad Rinn dá bharc, Acall. 843 `the haven roars', Murphy Lyrics 49.1 (rather sea or water ?). gurbo lēibenn cobsaid an cuan the sea, ML² 717 . gach abhann chiúin budh cuan mear `a raging sea', Dán Dé xxxi 30 . ó Boind . . . / co cétaib c.¤ , Ériu iv 152.25 . lán cairthi chúain na Suca of the waters (?) of the (River) Suck, IGT Decl. ex. 243 . ? imain fo cumar cuan, Laws v 138.12 .i. in bail in commortaithit cuana, 19 Comm. `driving to the resort of companies' perh. junction of havens or of rivers, etc. Fig. deoch domluis . . . / do ibhis dar gcomhdha i gcuan (to Christ), Aithd. D. 95.19 . arthraigh na hanma . . . i gcuan an chrábhaidh, TSh. 2373 . cunnradh cuain, DDána 48.14 . cuan ghabála, CF² 121 , see gabál . a gcuan einigh . . . Pilip an long `in the harbour of generosity . . . P. is the ship' (Gloss.), O'R. Poems 1901 .

Meaning doubtful (vessel ? vat ?) in: súgh cuain, DDána 103.19 . bean don fhuil Uidhir-se ag cuan / . . . gémadh (leg. gomadh ? notes) aithghearr í fa fhíon, 24 . id bhruidhin . . . fíon fuar . . . [ód] chuan, 114.31 . luchd cuain ar chuid a bferuinn (ar do chuid ḟerainn, v.l.) / do ṡreabuill buig úair inill (ubhuill, v.l.), IGT Decl. ex. 517 .

Compds. With nouns. for cúan-bla clíach ┐ crích, Metr. Dinds. ii 22.13 ` resort ' (perh. 1 cúan). os gach cúan-bla `above all places of resort', iii 336.29 . dul . . . ar ceand caer in cuanlocha (of Fraoch), Celtica ii 166 § 40 . uman troigh gcuantais gcneisréidh, Celtica iv 110 § 13 . ba cith-anfad cuan-trachta calaid, MR 236.19 . cuantráigh, Acall. 4690 v.l. With adjj. ó Éirne chuainealaigh with swanhaunted harbours, DDána 70.9 . achadh cuaingheal (sc. Connacht), 92.8 .

cumgabál

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cumgabál or dil.ie/13832

 

Forms: chumgabal

ā, f. vn. of con-ocaib ( GOI 525 ). act of raising up, lifting, exalting; rising : dethiden dinaib bochtaib no ac.¤ `uplifting them', Ml. 129c3 . chumgabal filiorum israhel , 94c2 . in ch.¤ gl. exaltatio, 57d4 . tria chumgabail ┐ tria molad doib som `through his being extolled', 39d22 . c.¤ lám ón gl. leuabo manus, 79d5 . 138a1a . 2 . cumachtae ṅDé dom chumgabāil, Thes. ii 356.7 . is cumgabáil ordan, Fél. Ep. 208 . co cúala c.¤ in locha i n-airddi, LU 9098 ( FB 85 ). ma co feirc im (leg. in, Ed.) chumgabal (of voice), Ériu vii 170.4 . ērge .i. comgabāil, Corm. Y 520 . comgabhail ind nimhe don talmain, Anecd. ii 15.11 . ros-gab in gaim cumgabáil `winter has begun to raise it' (wave), Lament 15 . cros cloichi . . . do cumgabail is in aeor `was taken up into the air', Todd Nenn. 214.2 = CS 150.5 . is ann ata cúmgabail fodecht-sa do'n choimdid, PH 3498 . ? mongur na curad ac comghabail a bḟedhmann catha `upheaving their efforts of battle', Marco P. 61 (perh. com + gabál ). ? iar ccomgabail sunn sedal / do Partholán `after he spent a while(?) there', Leb. Gab.(i) 62.9 (com + gabál ?). tige na troch . . . ic comgabail a cheli `keeping back', MR 316.25 (for congbáil).

dairt

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dairt or dil.ie/14305
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: darto, darta, dairt, dairti, dartada, darta, dart, dartib, dairtib, dartaib

n i, f. g s. darto, darta. d s. dairt. n p. dairti ( dairt, Laws i 190. 3 ; but the MS has dairti), dartada. g p. darta, dart. d p. dartib ( Laws v 386. 6 f.b. ), dairtib, dartaib.

I A heifer of one year (Stokes, Corm. Tr. 29 . Atkinson, Laws vi 213 . of two years, O'Don. Suppl.). dairt .i. colbthach, O'Cl. dairt .i. laeg, Lec. Gl. 355 . Stowe Gl. 320 . —Frequent in the Laws. samaisci ┐ colpacha. . .no dairti ┐ dartada .i. minchethra, Laws i 190. 7 . na dairti ┐ na dartada. . . .i. na hindlithe re torba (before they are productive), ib. 3 . urdliged .i. sicail ┐ dairti, ii 342. 21 . — Generally as a fine . ar is for dartib rosuidiged fuillem a díre, v 394. 23 . direnar teora dartib i fuillem a dire, ib. 396. 2 . As a fine for cutting a shrub tree (blackthorn, elder, etc.), iv 146. 27 ; or the branches of the chief trees (airig feda: oak, hazel, holly, etc.), ib. 146. 23 ; or of the common trees (athig feda: alder, willow, etc.), ib. 146. 25 ; for cutting of land, ib. 152. 8 ; for breaking the laws of fences and co- tenancy, ib. 72. 3 ; for a physician neglecting a sick man, i 130. 25 . draigen trom. . .dairt a ndíre cach ae, iv 146. 27 . dairt coll. . .cuic seoit a ndíre cach ae bo buinbéime. . .dairt ina craebaib, ib. 146. 23 , 148. 25 . fernn sail. . .bo a ndíre cach ae dairt ina craebu, 146. 25 . athaigh feadha. . .dairt ina ngabla, 150. 6 . aurba tíre. . .dartaig a tri cuailli. . .dairt ina cuic, 152. 8 . dairt cacha treisi, 72. 3 , 13 ; v 270. 16 . muna urfócra (sc. in liag) is fiachach .i. dairt, i 130. 24 . Cf. cuic dairti dec filet ó cechtar de, i 174. 6 . ise dligis dairt, v 340. 21 .—As a price of fosterage: ised is log einuch .i. dartuid ┐ dairt ┐ colpuch, ii 152. 2 . tír ndarta a measure of land: air atá tír nd. coruigi thir chumaile, v 466. 16 . —Its value was one-sixth of a cow, i.e. four screpalls: dairt .i. ceithri scripall .i. ar seised, iv 148. 7 . dairt ceithri screpall, 150. 23 . dairt .i. ceithri screpall i ndíri gabal na fodla (for the branches of the bramble trees), 148. 8 , cf. 152. 14 . Worth three screpalls acc. to v 396. 4 : teora dartib .i. tri scribaill ar gach n[d]airt díbseo uili.— colpach firend ┐ dairt boinend, Corm. s.v. clithar sét . ba mmóir choire ṅdarta cechtar a ndá odbrand, LL 252 b 25 ( ZCP x 366). fiu la ríg dodonfarci cetheora darti fichet, ib. 286 a 27 (= KMMisc. 212. 15 ). i naimsir Bressail táinic in cétna bóar i nHérind ┐ nocon fárggaib acht teora dartada (a pl.) i nÉrind. ité dergga .i. dairt i Cliu dairt i lLiniu dairt i Cuailngiu. is de atá Imbliuch Fir Oendarta, ib. 339 a 11 . berid a bu le .i. cethracha lulgach ┐ caeca dart (darta, Eg.) TBD 16 . ní rarmea do bú móra bar dartib, TBC-LL¹ 4405 (v.l. ar dartaib YBL, ar dairtibh, Stowe).

LOC. Imlech Fir aendairti, Cóir Anm. 18 . is de ata Imliuch nDarta (nDairte YBL) hi cCliuu, TBD 16 . Onomast.

II Metaph. a young girl . nicon biäid aice bó | na dairti ná dartado, Liad. and Cuir. 18 . PERS. Dart ingen Echach mic Cairpri, TBD 212 , for Dartaid, formed to the g s. Darta ( TBD 211 Eg.) = Dartada ( ib. 168 ). Cf. dat. Dairt, ib. 134 YBL.

Cf. dáir, dairid, dartaid, dartán.

daur-

Cite this: eDIL s.v. daur- or dil.ie/14774
Last Revised: 2013

 

n in Daur-gabal , daur-ḟid, daur-gráine, daur-mag, Daur-ṡáegul, &c. See dair.

Daur-gabal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Daur-gabal or dil.ie/14781

 

Forms: Daurgabail, Dargabail

o, npr. m. LL 328 d 22 . gen. Daurgabail, ib. m. sup. Dargabail, 328 d 18 .

dé-gabal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dé-gabal or dil.ie/15054
Last Revised: 2013

 

n

o m. and ā, f. Bifurcation : dá uball óir for dégabail a muince H 3.18, 757 . co ndergenai cuislind ndegabail díb, D IV 2 p. 53 a 2 , ZCP x 382 .

desgabál

Cite this: eDIL s.v. desgabál or dil.ie/15766
Last Revised: 2013

 

n ā, f. (dess or di-ess- LEIA D-61 + gabál ) the Ascension: i mbliadain desgabala Crist, Fél. p. 262 . Sanais iar ccáiscc ┐ deasgabhail in earrach the feast of the Ascension in the spring, AFM v 1662 . Diardaoin Deasghabhála Ascension Thursday, Donlevy 36 .

díathir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. díathir or dil.ie/15987

 

Forms: diathre

n (Lat. diameter, RC v 490 ) orbit: huare ní i n-óendiaithir doib, BCr. 18d5 . pl. gabal rínd nó diathre , 3 .

dogabála

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dogabála or dil.ie/17716

 

adj ( gabál ) hard to take; fast; firm ; con-faca in n-ech ndóghabh[á]la hard to catch, Acall. 243 . dol triasna doirsibh doghabhala, AFM vi 2300.21 .

2 ecnach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 ecnach or dil.ie/19609

 

adj o-ā (2 ecna(e)? quantity of initial uncertain) clear, visible: is ecnach .i. is follus, H 3.18. p. 532 . H 4.22, 616 . ecna .i. follus ut est ┐ ni naisgther side fuirre co[r] ecnach a mialtar .i. gurub follus `this is not fastened upon her until her misfosterage is manifest' O'Dav. 785 . hi tig as fa forréil soillsi...┐ imbi ecnach do maig, RC xxii 392. 2 ( BDD 16 Eg.). ecnach nem ┐ grian fo gabal sky and sun were visible between his legs Ériu iv 138.26 . comtar ecnáig a thruim ┐ a glainene his liver and...were visible RC xiv 404.3 ( LL 108a ). TBC-I¹ 1943 . ba hécnach doip otā sin clogais ┐ ballaidhi na Romha they could see the belfries and walls Fl. Earls 168.1 . is follus ┐ is ecnach dona huile dhaoinibh pictuir ┐ fidhair ghnuissi an Tigerna, 214 y . mairidh aniu...go hécnach dona huilibh, 200.14 .

folt, falt

Cite this: eDIL s.v. folt, falt or dil.ie/23166
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: folt, falt, folt, fult, fultu, fulta, f., fuilt, foltscailte, foltgala

n o, m. n a s. folt, LU 5635 . falt, 9275 , 9277 . d s. folt, Wb. 11c12 . fult, LU 7693 . a p. fultu, LU 7389 . fulta PH 993 .

(a) the hair of the head (collect.) : f.¤ (gl. coma) Ir. Gl. 77 . deirgech in ḟuilt (gl. glabella) 78. na foilt (gl. pilos), Gild. Lor. 237 . f.¤ quasi fa alt. faldas cadens germanice interpretatur f.¤ didiu cland totim hair is a plant of falling (?) (i.e. which grows downwards ?) O'Mulc. 567 (cf. Corm. Y 616 ). tairbirthar [v.l. tairbertair] foilt c[h]inn imm gnúisiu ZCP ix 450 § 4 . folt tiug sír [leg. siar ?] fair. Thes. ii 237.1 . f.¤ fair amal flesca óir, LU 3639 ( SCC 31 ). buidi f.¤ for findghualaind, IT iii 47 § 76 . falt co ndath óir, Ériu iv 108 . teora trillsi da fult imma cend, TBC-LL¹ 213 . for oenfoiltne dia ḟult LB 127b33 . bée ḟuiltt ... buidichaiss a woman with yellow wavy hair IT i 69.3 ( LMU 4 ). pl. tri fuilt forsin mac sin .i. folt úani ┐ f.¤ corcorda ┐ f.¤ fororda three kinds of hair BDD 105 . tri fuilt bátar fair : dond ... cróderg ... mind órbuide TBC-LL¹ 2713 = faircsi tri folt fair, etc. LU 6541 (cf. folt tri ndath fair, LU 8598 ). Generally of hair of different persons : triar marcach ... tri fuilt derga foraib, BDD 30 ( LU 6781 ). astoidet a foilt ┐ a cuirp, Ériu ii 130.7 . fuilt dubha leo. Marco P. 187 . maithrecha na mac ... ┐ a ḟuilt scailte ba cendaib (in grief) LB 5b30 ( PH 393 ). is bec... na ruc a fultu dia forcléthib, LL 237b3 ( TTr. 1520 ). as é budh ferr ... d'fighe f.¤ , RC xxiv 46.2 . for foltaib na ḟer so, LB 127b42 . d'ḟoltaibh is d'ulchadhaibh na laoch, Keat. iii 4468 . masa urrandus do lethḟ.¤ no do lánḟ.¤ ro benad de [sic leg.], Laws iii 352.15 . Rarely locks, tresses: fuilt sgaoilte ... 'gun Róimh ag éagcaoine a huilc, TD 24.24 In poetry often transf. of a person : a fhalt na ngéag ! O wavy-haired one PBocht 13 § 41 . a ḟolt ... fáinneach !, TD 21.3 . f.¤ na bhfinnghéag (of a chief) 7.48 . see ib. Introd. p. lv .

Rarely of animals : cean each díbh ar drochḟ.¤ (`a bad mane') Leb. Cert. 210.7 . mar ḟ.¤ eich, TD 37.4 . corruighidh sé a ḟ.¤ amhuil cédar (of Behemoth), Job xl 17 (where Engl. A. V. has `tail').

(b) fig. and poetic uses ; of foliage (cf. Lat. coma) : os ḟult ḟidbaide, LL 108a22 ( RC 14.402 ). liriu feoir no f.¤ fídbuide, LB 241ax ( ZCP iii 225 ). for f.¤ feda, RC xxvi 30 (a kenning ? Cf. the gloss : ... dagalt fedai ┐ deich ┐ remi ┐rl. no cranna gae, Rawl. 109b45 = LL 187c19 ). i bhfoltaibh na bhfeadh, TD 4.22 . ? dāltir fledōl for Luignib dia mba f.¤ crīn samraid [leg. crín f.¤ ?], Anecd. i 14.10 . tomaidm Ethne os ḟ.¤ bheatha [sic leg.] the eruption of [the river] Ethne over the sward (?) of the world BB 44a16 = 37a14 . Of thatch of a house : alainn berrthán fil fort, ba slán cot folt, a Dún Náis, AFM i 308 . Of foam of the sea : fairggae findfolt, Thes. ii 290 ( Sg. 112 ). tar fairrge f.¤ , Leb. Gab.(i) i 238 .

Compds.

(1 ) common with adjs. having ... hair ; ... haired ; also fig. of foliage: ¤álainn : da fhiodhbaidh ¤alainn, Anecd. iii 6.13 . ¤bláith : Fionn ... ¤bhlaith, Duan. F. ii 84 . ¤buide yellow-haired: inghean ¤bhuide, Ériu xi 199 . a Edain ... fholtbhuidhe, ML² 463 . ¤chaín (as a sobriquet) : Amadair Flidais ¤chain, ZCP viii 303.8 (cf. Adamair F. f., BB 47b3 = Amathair f. f., LL 128bz . Adammair F. f., Cóir Anm. 25 ). feocus ¤chain (kenning for the birch-tree), Auraic. 5532 . ¤chas curly-locked: Tadg f., ZCP viii 221 § 41 . fiche ced feindeadh f., Duan. F. ii 54 . fon ḟid ḟoltchass, Metr. Dinds. iii 206 . ¤chóem : d'Éber ḟoltchaem LL 127b11 . [mac] Feidelma ¤chaime, Rawl. 156a2 . a Patraic ¤chaoimh, Duan. F. ii 54 . ? ¤chíab : see foltchíp. ¤fiar with wavy hair: aicme ḟoiltḟiar, Duan. F. i 60.13 . ¤finn fair-haired: Fiacha foiltḟionn, DDána 84 § 26 . a Gharaidh ... ḟoiltḟinn !, Ériu i 20 . sēig f.¤ Ferna, Bruchst. § 50 ( IT iii 74 ). ¤garb rough-haired: Feargus f.¤ , Duan. F. ii 150 . tri arrachta ... foltgharbha, ML² 1586 = ( ML 118 ). i mbarr ... na fidhbuidhe foltgairbhi, CCath. 669 . ¤glas of green herbage: fonncheltra foltglasa ... in talman, MR 240.6 . ¤lebor long-haired: fer ... f., LU 8597 . bé ḟind ḟ.¤ , LL 259b37 ( LMU 4 ) ; Ferccus Foltlebur, Rawl. 155b50 . ¤ruad red-haired Acall. 4064 . ¤scailte with dishevelled hair: na fantaisi foltscailte , CCath. 4357 (g p.). fanntaise folt-sgaoilte, TSh. 6680 . ¤snáithech with thread-like hair ZCP xliv 162 , Cóir Anm. ii § 149 : Fiacha Foltṡnáithech .i. samaltá fri snáth ōrdhai in folt ... boí fair, Cóir Anm. 145 . Fiachra Foltsnat[h]ech, ZCP viii 292.32 . ¤tromm dod dhreich foltruim, 23 L 17, 130b ( Studies 1928, 450 ). ¤úaine : Cend Febrat foltúane green-foliaged Metr. Dinds. iii 226 . fa chlár bhfaltuaine bhFréamhann, TD 30.7 .

(2 ) with subst. : ¤ gabál seizing by the hair: f. ban (a punishable offence), Cáin Ad. 44 . ¤gal pulling (an opponent's) hair in fight: frisin ṅgleicc ┐ in ḟ. ... dognitis, LB 156a42 . pl. foltgala, Laws v 146.9 Comm. ¤grenn : foltgrend feinned ar foluamain (in battle) `hair of heroes' ( whiskers ?) MR 238.27 . See also foltmaise.

gabáil

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gabáil or dil.ie/25026

 

x see gabál .

gabál

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gabál or dil.ie/25035
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: gabaal, gabál, gabail, gabáil, gabáil, gabalae, gabala

n ā, f. n s. gabaal, Wb. 7a7 . gabál , SR 6290 . gabail, Ml. 60a12 . 95d13 . gabáil, LU 5126 . d s. and a s. gabáil, q.v. infra. g s. gabalae, Ml. 83a3 . n p. gabala, Wb. 19a4 .

As vn. of gaibid (q.v.) in all its meanings.

(a) taking (over, into possession), assuming ; passing occas. into the sense receiving : hi tosuch gabalae toisigechtae du Moysi, Ml. 83a3 . iar ngabhail righe do Feidhlim, Cog. 4.27 . a ngabāil tar a n-ainme taking them [as wives] in spite of their defects, ZCP viii 113.10 . gabail bachla going on a pilgrimage (lit. taking a staff), Laws v 296.16 . do gabail aéir taking the air, Maund. § 190.8 . lā do ghabháil to fix a day, Ériu viii 137.11 . aithrechus do gabail on pecach to accept repentance, BCC 238.4 . gan oba gliadh ná a gabhail, TD 26.40 . bala mumia do gabáil a n-aimsir na plaga to inhale, O'Gr. Cat. 200.2 . ier ngabail tighi ōsta after taking lodgings, Fl. Earls 66.27 . na luibhe ici ... a[g] gabail na crecht nua ... n-anabaid drawing together (?) or taking effect on (?) the new raw wounds, ZCP x 308.5 . conā gaib greim nō gabāil ina tómlim what I eat takes no hold or effect, MacCongl. 95.2 . dochúas o Dauid ... fri gabáil nglé for fair reception (?) SR 6303. Of assuming arms : a chētgabāil ṅgaiscid, TBC-I¹ 641 . Of conceiving : féil ghabhála Mhuire i mbroinn, TSh. 3269 . Of receiving and adopting a foster-child : cidh mac faosma d' ainfine ... mad ro badar ar aird ag a gabhail, Laws iv 256.4 Comm. Of removal by death : ar na ghabhail on bheathaigh so, AU i 8.9 . (?) ma romtoiccthi ecc ind-Hí, ba gabal di trocari it were a merciful taking (?) Anecd. ii 19.3 . Of fixing in : ic gabhail férne na pupla don talmain, driving in ... (?), RC xliii 42 § 39.

gabáil lámae duine expelling, removing a person (lit. seizing his hand, see Ir. Recht, p. 12 ) : fristulaid C. dó ┐ rofóid díis dia muintir do gabáil a láma, Trip. i 146.22 . adrodamair láim Patraic do gabail, ib. 148.5 . Cf. ii 478.15 . cia epscop uáib no ragad ... do gabail laime Mochuta, Fél.² 94.39 . leth in sechtmaig ar gabail lama nama only for marrying (of a husband `for bantidnacor'), Laws ii 392.25 Comm. (see Thurneysen, Stud. in E. Ir. Law, p. 59 ). With prep. for enjoining, commanding : grechus C. C. ar Laogh ... ag gabhail a laimhe fair 'man ngaei mbulga d'indioll, ZCP x 296.2 ; cf. TBC-LL¹ 2180 , 3252 ; ML 156.5 . Cf. also : ac gabail lama ar an feín dochum an mor-chatha `urging on' CF 565 . See gaibid.

In concrete sense : a collection (of money, etc.) : rogabad gabáal dóib leu, Wb. 7a7 . con-gabtis gabala linn ... in Hierusalem, 19a4 . dinab gabalib (gl. collectis), 13d33 . dodechatar conimbiud a ngabala (.i. tinola) , ACL iii 28.16 . ar cenn Patraic, Trip. 206.8 . doberdis gabala mar (sic) doib, O'Curry 762 ( H 3.18, 359 b ). primiti .i. tosach gabala cach nuathoraidh, Laws i 52.7 Comm. Cf. also leth-gabal under 2 ? gabal .

(b) seizing, capturing ; conquest ; seizure : gabail etechta unlawful seizure, Laws ii 84.10 . gabail co toxal, i 64.3 . caill cen gabail `an unappropriated wood,' v 484.14 Comm. imgeib guin immo-amgeib gabáil he avoids wounding, he avoids capture, TBC-LL¹ 860 . co ṅ-gabail iṅgni sebaicc, 2725 . ar ngabāil gīall for Mumain, ZCP viii 119y . fer gabala giall nErenn (of a predominant king), RC xviii 41.28 (Tig.). go sluaghaibh Gréag dá gabháil, TD 26.33 . ro po goiste gabala don Demun, RC xx 176.17 (ACC Comm.). gabála báise cis lir ? how numerous are the seizures (?) of folly ? Tec. Corm. § 14 . do leigthea gan lan-gabail without being taken prisoner, MR 200.11 . Cf. Numbers xx 1 ; AFM iii 306.13 ; 646.2 . set gabhala, O'D. 540 ( H 3.17, c. 434 ). bó cecha gabala, BColm. 64 . in ard-gabail-sea doníat in cuanairt `high-catching,' Acall. 7385. ? claideb crúaid ... i n-ardgabail churad bar a chlíu, TBC-LL¹ 5340 . Cf. RC xliii 82 § 84. ag gach gabháil dár gheabh `any who have conquered her,' TD 17.4 ; hence Lebor Gabála Érenn The Book of Conquests (lit. `of the taking'), MS. Mat. 578.24 . cóic gabála ... rogabad Hériu, Imr. Brain ii 286.13 = LU 1229 . faghla is gabhála Gaoidheal, TD 28.2 . Of taking and harnessing horses, etc. : a eich do gabáil do ┐ a charpat do indell, MU 4.12 . Cf. Maguires of F. § 23 . timargain dam fri a ngabail, Laws v 486.23 ; cf. 152.4 . dá chéd ngargdhamh n-gabhála plough oxen (lit. `oxen of harnessing'), Leb. Cert. 220.22 . (?) ni tharraid gabail na slabrad batar ar comlaid na slige, Rawl. 131b26 = Cymmr. xiv 104 . fuil muc oc a ngabail a cru (one of the seven bloods shed by beasts for which nothing is paid), Laws v 152.4 . For legal phr. lám gabálae see lám II (b).

In concrete sense : booty ; spoil ; a captive : iar torachtain cáich cona gabáil, LU 5393 . ocht ngabala fichet tucc Donnchadh leis, Cog. 210.17 . rangattar D. ... gusan ngabhail leó, AFM ii 878.14 . 1090.3 . bar mná ... iarna mbreith a ngabalaib ┐ a ndaeraib as captives and bondswomen (?), Alex. 214 . A catch : iasgaire ... gēbaid sē a lāngabāil, ZCP x 345 § 5 ; cf. Luke v 9 . A gag, a check : gabail for tengthaib `a gag on tongues' (one of the punishments of hell), RC iv 252.23 , 24 .

(c) holding, occupying, maintaining ; fortifying : do gabáil in chalaid risin coblach, LL 224b22 ( TTr. 545 ). foroprait ar g.¤ in dúnaid, TFerbe 222 . LL 276a33 . fouair in Troi n-osluici cen neach aga diten nach ga gabail, 398b28 . nipsa chúsa gabála lis, LU 9325 . do ghabhail na conaire coitchinne (i.e. to occupy the common road against the enemy), AFM vi 2276.x . do chuir in iustís locht a gabhála inti (of a place taken by military force), O'Gr. Cat. 9.16 (= RC xlii 302.5 ).

(d) reserving, reservation (?) of land for cropping , in phrases like cluain gabála, gl. herbagium, Ir. Gl. 723 . ní cluain ghabhāla grās Dē, RIA Cat. 4.10 . don aengurt gabala, `grazing-field (?),' Lism. L. 2866 . ocht fichit bó a férgort gabala, Acall. 2069. 2309 . 4181 . 7602 . 7970 . Cf. (?) ar fheurghort gabhla, Tor. Dh. Oss. 60.27 (Oss. iii). mes na caille gabhála, O'D. 748 ( H 3.17, c. 63 -4) = O'D. 2202 ( Nero A vii, f. 140a ). crim .i. a caill gabala `in an appropriated wood,' Laws v 474.15 gloss. ; ib. 30 . im crand ngabala bis i ndithrib, i 202.2 = O'Curry 2683 ( Eg. 88, f. 58 (59) b ). férbrug gabala, Acall. 4179 , 7292 . Levying (?) : g s. in phrase bó gabála a cow levied as a due : (things that may be alienated from the `fine') ni sanntar ni seacha fine ... acht ... forcomal chis flatha i cain aicillne ... no boin gabala nothing is alienated without consent of the fine, save security for the lord's rent, in the law of base clientship ... or a cow levied as a due, Laws v 442.24 . An leg. bó ingabála ? Cf. tiumnaigther uad ... co ructar bó ingabála dia fuiririud (sic leg.), i 136.2 Comm. dlighidh saerbiathad deisi ┐ boin lethgabala `... a cow of the second quality' (i.e. that is worth half of the legal levy), iv 350.26 Comm. bo gabhála da gach creich, Fen. 134.11 .

(e) taking, passing, going (a road, etc.): techt co Sipra ┐ can gabáil co Ródus, Maund. 37 . ac gabáil na ndorus fria thaebh entering by the side doors, Marco P. 77 . gan an t-eolus sin do gabhail not to take that route, BCC § 233 . fear gabhála `a wayfaring man,' Judges xix 17 . lucht gabāla na sligedh, Fl. Earls 88.20 . coblach do Grécaib do gabáil i purt Ségi, LL 224b18 ( TTr. 542 ). cuan ghabhala landing place, CF 90.

(f) singing, reciting : na trí cóicait do gabáil, Ériu i 196.7 . do gabail cepoce ... immum, Sc.M² 19.11 . gabail n-ecnairci, Mon. Tall. § 18 . fear ag gabháil dúaine duit, IGT Decl. ex. 683 . sailm tra in tan gabar, cech la gabail dib i sessom, araile i ssuide, Rule of Tallaght § 22 . By extension, of that which is sung, recited : is hí and cétna gabal lais otha beatus corrici domine quis , Mon. Tall. § 31 . Cf. § 32 , and Rule of Tallaght § 99 seq.

(g) Used with various prepositions : (for meanings see gaibid). cen gabáil ar m'aicned without controlling my disposition, Mer. Uil. 243 . gabail ara fual retention of urine, Mon. Tall. § 53 . Cf. gabail foraib, ib. leighister hí ... le gabáil ar anáil, O'Gr. Cat. 193.32 . o ... na rabha aca comhang gabhala dhibh a chriche d'innrudh ... to prevent them, RC xliii 114 § 120 . ní éta gabail disside she could not be prevented, IT i 71.12 . ni edaim a ghabhail duit-se a dula I cannot prevent your going (?), RC xliii 20 § 13 . atrachtsad Laigin do gabail foraib to attack them, Anecd. i 18.1 . iar ngabail for a cetfadaib their senses being stunned, Alex. 28 . is saoth lium in bachlach ut do gabhail form ar éicin encroach on me (i.e. settle on my land), Lism. L. 2279 . ní bhaoí cumhang occa gabhail friú im aidhmhilleadh na criche `nor was he able to prevent them ...,' AFM vi 1924.20 . in días do gabáil immón n-óenfer attacking, LU 8206 ( FB § 15 ). mas tria anfot rucustar hi ┐ ata ag gabail impi tria anfot (of a false verdict) `and is adhering to it through inadvertence,' Laws iii 304.12 . gabhail impe tar gealluibh withholding it in spite of pledges, ii 70.27 Comm. as dliged in ní sin ... ┐ ní était sium gabail uime (of the payment of a tribute) they cannot withhold it, RC xliii 14 § 8 . Mairc do Priaim gabáil impe ... gan a tinnlocadh doibh tar cenn tsidha (of the Greeks demanding the surrender of Helen) Woe to Priam that he withheld her and did not give her over to them in return for peace ! King's Inns MS. 12, f. 26rb . mad ail leis connicc gabail impe a cetoir cena leccudh uadh (of a branch overhanging a neighbour's garden) he (i.e. the owner) can withhold it, O'D. 2284 ( Rawl. B 506 f. 26a ). Conn do gabail leo a n-aghaidh Hui Neill siding with them, AU iii 228.25 . Cf. TTebe 3172 . robái ... oc gabáil ac Patraic `a-holding by P.' (= supporting P.), Trip. 556.26 . gabail ic fannaib taking the part of (indulging ?) the weak, LL 371c39 . LB 151b41 . fer da tuc C. tidhnaicci móra oir ┐ indmais tar cenn gabhála aigi `for supporting him,' CCath. 535.

(h) leaven (late) : do thógaibh an pobal ... an mhin chomhchroitte, sul do cuireadh gabháil innte = antequam fermentaretur, TSh. 7753 . 'na arán ghlan, gan cumasg laibhín nó gabhála, 8910 . deocha geura gabhála sharp, fermented (?) drinks , ITS i 38.25 . Prob. = gabálta, q.v.

(i) (of a horse) carriage, bearing, posture (?): da mbia an t-ech gobard ┐ gabail granna aice if the horse is raising its snout and has an ugly bearing Celtica ii 46 § 7 . dligid ech na gab(ala crom)a beith mi-luthmar. Dligid ech na gabala airde a beith garg mer 'the horse that carries its head bent [?] should be lacking in vigour. The horse that carries its head high [?] should be fierce and giddy' 48 § 11 . See also bó-gabál , duine-gabál .

1 gabal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 gabal or dil.ie/25032

 

n a fork , see gabul.

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