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ailbín

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ailbín or dil.ie/967

 

Forms: ailbine, ailmín

n also ailbine, ailmín (dimin. of alam) m. small flock: undsea ailbhín assin dunud, TBC-LL¹ 5760 . ragaid in t-albhín borsin mag, 5765 (= albani, TBC-I¹ 3430 , 3432 ). a.¤ i fuilit secht n-anmanna, Laws iv 110.20 Comm. ní ling . . . in tret .i. noco lingenn in tailbin, 21 Comm. muc cach ailbin, O'D. 1574 (H. 5.15, p. 5 c.2). uanmolt cech albín `a ewe-lamb of every flock', BColm. 54.14 . d'ingantaib ind albín mucc, Metr. Dinds. iii 382.17 . ar aba ailuine (albine, v.l.) bó, Anecd. ii 68.9 . albin dia buaib, ZCP viii 262 § 11 ( Rawl. 87a 21 ). a ailbin gabar ┐ caerach, Aen. 174 . ocht sesrecha . . . ┐ ocht .xx. ailbhín, BB 281a39 . ailbhín do thorcaibh allta, ZCP ii 552.24 . ál óg ag gach ailmhín, Arch. Hib. i 93 § xxix .

ailm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ailm or dil.ie/1060
Last Revised: 2019

 

n f.

(a) pine-tree: a.¤ .i. crand giuis .i. ochtach, Auraic. 1194 . a.¤ .i. ochtach . . . no a, id est, quasi pailm a palma., 4293 .

(b) Name of the letter a: a.¤ didiu cetlapra gach pi ┐ iachtad gach mairb i.e. ah! is the first thing we utter on entering life and the last on leaving it, Auraic. 2797 = O'Curry 371 ( H 3.18, 207 ). ar is a.¤ (no a) adber in duine ac iachtad i ngalar, Auraic. 5576 . aicmi ailmi, 989 . luis ailme, beithe ailme .i. la, ba, 999 . IGT Introd. § 4. (4. 6) . gabar tria a.¤ quasi caper rotruailled and i.e. the e of `caper' has been corrupted into a in ` gabar ', Corm. Y 675 . a.¤ na haenur a naghaidh na secht litrech aili, O'D. 1224 (H. 2.15, p. 86b). a.¤ .i. in tí dana fidh a.¤ ina ainm .i. in flaith, O'Curry 370 ( H 3.18, 207 ). d'a.¤ nō d'ur .i. a nō u, Parrth. Anma 6302 . nion, ruis, dá onn, ┐ a.¤ (i.e. Onóra), Dánta Gr. 89.13 . i n-ísle théid iodhadh án | i n-airde téid ailm iomlán, Celtica xxvii 61 § 15 .

airchomal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airchomal or dil.ie/1748

 

Forms: aurcomla, urchomhal, orchomhal, -ail

n o, perh. orig. n. n p. aurcomla, Laws ii 118.15 Comm. Later m. urchomhal, orchomhal (g s. and n p. -ail), IGT Decl. § 17 . short spancel espec. for the fore-legs of an animal (opp. to langfetir. See Bidrag 23 ): langp[h]eitir . . . itir cois n-īarthair ┐ cois n-airthir biis. non sic aurc[h]omal .i. aur-accomol .i. itir dā c[h]ois n-airthir biis, Corm. Y 812 . erchomul (gl. lucar, see note), Sg. 126a1 . co m-belgib airgdidib ┐ urchomla credumæ fon-echaib, IT ii2 191.59 . oc sním irchomail fo G. .i. gabar D., SCano 238 . treige n-urcomail, Laws v 482.28 .i. in da id ┐ in leithri, 484.18 Comm. muinci, srīan is erc[h]omal, BColm. 50.4 . go ro maidset a n-idi ┐ a n-erchomail, TBC-LL¹ 3825 . curther fóthu a n-urchomail, 3626 . groidhe . . . gan orchumhall, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 160 x . each urchomhuil, IGT Decl. ex. 764 . each i n-orchomhal gan ḟir, 744 . id airchomail see 1 id. Metaph. tamhan file .i. creat cuain na filedh a n-idhe ┐ a n-urcomla fair, O'D. 1206 (H. 2.15, 82 c.2). urchomhall é fá 'n eangnomh he is a check on exploits (of foreigners), Miscell. Celt. Soc. 348.8 .

aithgein,

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aithgein, or dil.ie/2656

 

Forms: aithgin, -ene, -ine, -ena, -ina, aithghin

n. vn. of ad-gainethar. Also aithgin. g s. -ene, -ine, -ena, -ina. aithghin f., IGT Decl. § 13 .

(a) rebirth, regeneration: ? ba hed aithgin ṁbetha `rebirth of the world', Fél. Ep. 240 . comdis ellma . . . fó athgin in erruigh archinn by the following spring, CCath. 169 . tucusa gein ┐ a.¤ duit i.e. enough and to spare, Acall. 7813 . In religious sense (of baptism): in baisted .i. in a.¤ , LB 257b73 . tria aithgin a mbathis, PH 3812 .

(b) likeness, equivalent. With gen. the like of: athgein hūi Luirc the like of O Larc, Ält. Ir. Dicht. 41 § 32 . is uád fessin no bíad a athgein i.e. a warrior such as he could be born only of him (of Cú Chulainn), LU 10167 . th'aidgin-siu a warrior like thee, TBC-LL¹ 4050 . Art Aoínfhear bhur n-aithghin-si you can be compared only to, O'R. Poems 31 . ríg-athgein meic Airt Óenḟir / ní fríth, Metr. Dinds. i 36.104 . ag iomfhuirech la haithghin an dúin bai ann roimhe do thurccbháil, AFM vi 2210.10 . a aithghin oile do ingrinntidh, BS 63 . With DO: aithghin do Eochaidh Mumhó, ML 22.4 . Note also: as nach féidir ál acht aithghin `thence there cannot issue a brood unlike the parents', Ó Bruad. ii 62 xxviii . úir Pharthais nó a haithghin í paradise or something very like it, TD 11.10 . aithgin .i. cutruma, ut est: nicon tarla a mBoinn riam ná iarom a n-aithgin .i. nichor teilgus tar in Boinn roime ná 'na degaid a cutruma ima mét, H 3.18, 62a7 ( O'Curry 80 ).

(c) analogy, comparison: imtha an a.¤ . . . lemlacht la mac . . . imtha samlaidh ben la fer, Leb. Gab.(i) 30.5 . gurab fíoghair ┐ aithghein don tsacraimint so an plúr neamhdha, Eochairsg. 70.10 . aithgin don chomhnaidhe symbolum . . . quietis, TSh. 5287 .

(d) Legal. Technical term translated `restitution', `compensation', Laws; `Rückerstattung oder Ersatz in gleichen Gegenständen', Thurn. ZCP xiv 346 ; `restitution in kind, equivalent', Críth Gabl. The meaning restitution or compensation to the full value of that which has been lost, damaged, etc. is implied by a number of exx. from the text of the Laws: scarait amail condrecat; in da beir cach lais cusanaile, a marthar de issed beres lais fri himscarad, na (nó?) aithgin dia torad muna marathar `an equivalent of its produce if it is not living', Laws ii 394.26 . is aithgin muna marathar feib ro ratha, cen fuilliud leo, 338.18 `Ersatz (der Werte)', ZCP xiv 392 . aithgin do flaith acht trian facaib dib, Laws ii 318.5 ( ZCP xiv 385 ). díre a ṡabaill cóic ṡéoit ┐ aithgein co nneoch robronntar and making good of any damage done, Críth G. 244 (co neoch = neich, Notes). aithgin somaine, Laws ii 332.10 ( ZCP xiv 390 ). trian naithgina ar mifagbail, 56.19 (cf. the smaller subdivisions in follg. Comm.). Also prob.: aithg[e]in tuige making good the thatch, Críth G. 213 . dírech n-imda[e] . . . diam tochur tar cenn, sét ind ┐ a.¤ , 233 . óg n-innraic n-aithgena, 275 `a perfect fullness of equivalent', notes. cach a.¤ iar n-indrucus every `a.¤' in full(?), ZCP xvii 59 § 76 . Note also (Comm.): ba trom re dainib a naithgin ┐ a tintud for culu (of restoring perishable pledges), O'D. 950 ( H 3.17, c. 664 ). aithgin ngnima ro leic in brathair ar a ceili, Laws i 128.9 Comm. (of work carried out on behalf of another). In literary texts: aithgen in t-sheoit fén, PH 7561 . a ṡeacht n-aithghine d'ḟagháil, TD 9.17 . Distinguished from taisec in Laws text: ni faid nech na seotu so cin naidm a taisic no aithgina `without security for their restitution or compensation' (of things liable to be lost or destroyed while on loan), Laws v 278.7 . (`taisec restitution of the actual article, a.¤ the payment of an equivalent', Plummer MS. notes. Cf. taisic .i. cia mairit . . . aithgin .i. muna mairit, Laws v 278.11 Comm. At Laws v 402.19 Comm. taissecc is glossed .i. aithgena). In follg. classed as an `éraicc': cetheora eirca . . . aithgin ┐ dire, etc., Laws i 258.26 . ? Cf. cach diri iar n-aithgenib id laim bodein, ZCP xvii 58 § 75 . The a.¤ could be doubled: ni teid aithgin tar diablad, Laws v 448.17 . ? [dl]igur taisiuc diabul aithgina, ii 80.8 . cach n-aninraic n-anfoit cona diablad aithgene, ZCP xiv 346 § 7 ( Laws ii 232 ). diablud naithgina nech robriathra (leg. -ar?), Laws ii 68.11 . Various: aithgin mblechtai, Laws i 168.5 . fidbretha . . . a naithgin for uin, 182.2 . aithgin gach edge, ii 54.13 . ni lais dire a seoit, acht colainn aithgena nama `das Corpus (der Gegenstand) des Ersatzes' (of a `fuidir'), Ir. Recht 63 § 1 .

In Comm. often treated as name of some kind of fine or mulct. Cf. in the passage in Laws iv 146 ff. the elaborate distinction drawn between díre and (the smaller) a.¤ with regard to different categories of trees. Here a.¤ means `only a diminished amount of fine' (Laws Gl.). Somet. of one of the seven `cumals' which make up the `corpdíre' (wergild) the remaining six forming the `díre', Thurn. ZCP xv 356 , Binchy, Ériu xii 99 . Cf. cumal aithgena, ┐ cutruma . . . do na sé cumala[ib] dire, Laws iv 244.24 Comm. ben tēit di thairr a cāin lānamna, slān cen dīri [no] aithgin i.e. the husband is not liable for `corpdíre', ZCP xv 355 § 43 Comm. Note also: bo a ndire cach ae ┐ ní thuc a naithgin ar aird he does not mention their compensation (of the liability incurred by mutilating certain trees), Laws iv 148.8 Comm. In the follg. there is no indication as to the exact sense: i n-aís ícca aithgina, i 98.3 Comm. ar in athgabail gabar im aithginib na con sin the compensation for each of these herding-dogs, 144.9 Comm. gl. im conbuachaill cacha cethra, 126.8 . nocho nícctar acht certaithghin ris ón fhlaith, O'D. 908 ( H 3.17, 648 ) (Comm.). seachta cach aithgheana every restitution sevenfold, Leb. Cert. 140.1 , see Ériu xvi 182 § 29 .

aitire

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aitire or dil.ie/2810
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: aittire, aidire, e(i)t(t)ire, eidire, itire, oittire

n , f. ( eter, Bürgschaft p. 4 ). Later also m. in sense (b). Also aittire, aidire, e(i)t(t)ire, eidire, itire, oittire. Lit. being between, standing between or one who stands between (two parties to an agreement), see Bürgschaft p. 4 , 34 , 61 . Críth G. p. 74 . Cf. cid ara n-eper a.¤? itir a té .i. itir cich ┐ gruaid; no itir da feichemain, Bürgschaft 22 § 64 . a.¤ .i. iter dēde .i. iter dā fechemuin, Corm. Y 71 .

(a) hostage-suretyship : doté(i)t a.¤ ar ḟer feras in fuil he goes surety for the man who inflicts the wound, Críth G. 52 . cateat a ḟolta córai ó chách fris[s]a cuirther a.¤? for which surety is given, 58 . lóg a enech . . . téit fora naidm ┐ a ráith ┐ a aitiri he may go surety to the amount of his honour-price, 129 . dul tar a.¤ breaking a guarantee (one of the causes of loss of honour-price), Laws v 368.7 .

(b) hostage-surety who guarantees the performance of an obligation with his own person and not (like the ráth) with his property GEIL 172 , Stud. Hib. viii 52 , guarantor `who warrants the execution, not merely of public engagements . . ., but also of some of the more important private agreements', Críth G. p. 74 . ata a.¤ gaibhes gnimu nadma. a.¤ són dobeir laim im brollach feicheman co nadhmaim le[s], saigid riasíu ascomra. assed a slan undertakes the business of giving a bond i.e. an a.¤ who puts a `naidm' in the breast of the debtor, he sues before he himself pays and so he remains free from loss, ZCP xiii 24.11 ( Bürgschaft 13 § 42 ). nugu toibhghenn nech i cairdi acht aitteri, Bürgschaft 63 x . cungnat oittiri in fecheman toicheda riu, 64.7 . slan a.¤ cairde (title of a tract), ZCP xiii 24 (Bürgschaft 32 § 1) (see cairde). corus a.¤ (title of a tract), Bürgschaft 22 § 64 . cis lir a.¤ do-chuisin . . . a tri . . . a.¤ luigi ┐ aitiri foesma ┐ aitiri nadma, ib. (see also fáes(s)am, 1 luige). na huile neiche risa-ndechaid int a.¤ , 68 § 1 . atait secht n-aitiri asrenut la Feine . . . a.¤ teit ar mac beoathar fo-n-ocair a athair, a.¤ tar cend ambui anechtair, etc., Laws v 228.1 . caite a sslan na a.¤? .i. a fomeilt ┐ a imluath ┐ a gnim ┐ log .uii. cumal niath (.i. lóg cimedha, ar is cimidh ind aitiri iar ndithmaim fuirri) what is the indemnity of an `a.¤'? Bürgschaft 24 § 67 . ces do-gníther de muna comrastar fris? Tiagair dochum raite no a.¤ ma beit iar cul ar it he a .u. in sin biti fri heluth .i. naidm ┐ raith ┐ a.¤ ┐ ceilebrath ┐ gell what is to be done when the debtor does not come forward? One goes to a `ráth' or an `a.¤' if they stand behind the transaction, for these are the five (sureties) who guarantee against absconding, 14 § 48 . athgabail a.¤ aslui feile `distress of a surety who violates his honour', Laws i 214.25 (`der sich dem Anstand (der Ehrbarkeit) entzieht', Bürgschaft p. 70 ). in raith uil re aithne na conaire fuigill is techta no int ait[i]re uil re aithne na conaire fuighill is cóir (i) n-athcomairc i.e. it is a `ráith' if the suit is one of `techta', an ¤a. if the suit is one of `cóir n-athchomairc ', Cóic Con. 32 § 27 . is ed is a.¤ ann .i. do ghradhaib flatha uair cid mor do cintaib ┐ do raithiges ┐ do aitires ro-dlecht donn athair, ma ro-fagaib int athair dibadh accu — uair ni tet itire acht co cro, teit raith for comarba co no[m]ud — noco cutrumus in dibaid do dul isna cintaib, 33 § 32 . aitiri De cleric, Laws v 272.8 (see Bürgschaft 73 ). teōra a.¤ cac[h]a prīmegalsa fri Cāin Adomnāin .i. secnap ┐ coic ┐ fertiges ┐ a.¤ cāna deirbḟine fo Erinn uile ┐ dā eitiri cāna ardflat[h]a every principal church has three guarantors to ensure the fulfilment of A.'s law, Cáin Ad. 32 § 53 (see Bürgschaft p. 7 ). sárugud a.¤ nó crossi in domnaig oc saigid na cána in domnaig, Ériu ii 208 § 29 . ma asloat aitiri tobungar cumal ocht n-ungi diib, Anecd. iii 24.18 . do-bert .uii. n-aidirie di trénferuib Erenn . . . fri hasic na flathae uad ma fofertís a mifholtae fesin i.e. he gave seven fighting men as guarantors that he would give back the kingship should he behave in an unkingly way, RC xii 62 § 24 . tucaid huaib etere ṅgle / fri tichtáin doridise, SR 3499 . forbia for n-eitteire fein, 3503 . for cóic aitirib dēac on the guarantee of fifteen men, TBC-I¹ 2919 . ité a.¤ . . . do-breatha do Ingcél ó ḟeraib Hé., BDD² 421 . gabsait na aittiri eturru a fritisi, 866 . togaid aitiri de (ref. to visit of Ulaid to Bricriu), LU 8097 ( FB 7 ). de inchaib na n-atairi, 8184 ( 13 ). trían do flaith, trīan do fine, trīan do etarflaith ┐ do iteraibh (of property of deceased person), Ériu i 215.28 . it .iii. heteri gabar darcend in Choimded fri dingbail cecha tedmma dib . . . .i. Petur Apstal ┐ Muri Og ┐ Michel Archaingel patrons(?), RC xii 428 § 19 .

(c) hostage: nó idnaictís dosom geill ┐ eteri, CCath. 1636 . ní gabthar a n-eiteri a nglas no a slabradh acht lúgha fó láim rígh `hostages', Leb. Cert. 135.x . dia n-elódha in t-aideri, 11 . cor facsat etere ina laim .i. Isacar, BB 238b42 . cen giall cen eteri, RC xvii 354.29 (Tig.). braigti ┐ etiri, Cog. 48.8 . co ttuccsat gialla . . . ass . . . im aidire Ua Néill, AFM ii 712.5 .

COMPD. ¤-mac: do ghuidhetar ind Ógh cona haitirmac (of Christ), Caithr. Thoirdh. 94.35 .

1 amrath

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 amrath or dil.ie/3207

 

n o (1 rath) ill luck: is ó mhnáib do gabar rath no amrath, Acall. 408 . a.¤ orra no ratha, Fen. 162.18 . frit[h]bert fris as tūar amraith, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. v (1919) 93 § 29 .

apartu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. apartu or dil.ie/3870

 

n n. See LEIA . Translated blessing on basis of Laws Comm. im abartain .i. iman nemabartain, im nembendachad, O'D. 501 (H 3.17, 404) = im opartain, Laws i 124.2 = ium opuirtuin, O'D. 62 (H 3.17, c. 54) = im fopartain .i. sechtmad fairirid neich isin opertain, O'Curry 792 ( H 3.18, 369a ); cf. abbartu .i. sechtmad fuiririth in duine gaibther isin apartain, is sī a epert tēchta. Is ar a epert didiu namā dober in duine diaraile sin, nī ar airilliud chenae, acht epert dó fria cēle: notgaibim i n-apartain. Ar chobele didiu doberar, Corm. Y 61 . sechtmadh lanbiata in graid na derna in bendachadh na h-aicdi . . . gabar isin apartain, Laws i 132.25 Comm. and n. athgabail . . . im apartain, 150.4 .i. sechtmadh lanbiata na mna na derna in bennachadh . . . .i. nembennachadh doni in ben ar aicdi na mna eile, 152.7 Comm.

athgabáil

Cite this: eDIL s.v. athgabáil or dil.ie/4770

 

Earlier -ál ā, f., vn. of ad-gaib.

(a) In legal sense of the process of recovery of debts, etc. by distraint. See the tracts in Laws i 64, ii 122 and the account in Laws i xlvi . Also in concr. sense of the goods so taken. For meanings with qualifying words see these. do cetir slict athgabala, heading of tract dealing with seizure, Laws i 64 . atait secht n-athgabala gabar la feine nacon toibget lesa cia ro nasaiter cia ro gaibtar . . . athgabul airach laisi mbi aithach fortha, etc., v 254.1 . atait secht sealba . . . na gaibter athgabail . . . ina teallach .i. noco dlegar athgabail . . . da techtugad, iv 6.6 , 14 Comm. gaibead imme .i. gabair a.¤ aire conderna ime `let a distress be made upon him', 128.19 Comm. apad ┐ troscadh do thabairt air, ┐ a.¤ da gabáil de iarsin (in the case of a person who cannot or will not perform the services of `fubu' and `rubu' for his land), 134.1 Comm. atait secht foruis . . . arachuille coir n-athgabala . . . otha suidiu dligi cach forus n-athgabala dia faithce fodesin i.e. there are seven illegal pounds for cattle . . . these apart anyone may detain them in their own green, v 266.19 . a.¤ ar fut distress after delay, i 208.19 Comm. contrasted with a.¤ tulla immediate distress, 24 Comm. athgabail toxail itir crichaib imdergaib, 74.x Comm. toxal .i. athgabāil ind fir fine do gabáil ō c[h]inaid in c[h]intaig, Corm. Y 788 . mad áil donti geibes in na.¤ daeine do gabail i nathgabail, O'D. 2271 ( Rawl. B 506, 23c ). más comdliged gabthar an athgabháil cid cindti na fiacha is aisic na athgabhála ┐ dilsi na fiacha the article taken in distraint, O'D. 915 (H 3.17, c. 652). apadh ┐ troscadh for in flaith ┐ aithgabail do gabhail don aithiuch fortha i.e. distress is accepted by the `aithech fortha' on behalf of the king, 908 (H 3.17, c. 648). daine di-neime[d] . . . no gabait som forru in athgabail do gabail um cinuig in rig, Laws v 254.x Comm. rucus slān fuaslaicthi di a.¤ . . . ba deithbir ar ba athgabāil gabtha fri indliged .i. nī acclaid fuatach na hathgabāla dina-daimth[er] dligid na cirtt i.e. the taking back of the article by the person distrained against, Thurn., ZCP xv 364 § 48 . rucus forus n-athgabāla i n-alachrīch I decided that it was lawful to impound beyond the territory, § 49.

(b) With similar meaning in less specialized texts: do-bádi [fingal] a greit ┐ a a.¤ pledge (`Pfand'), ZCP xi 85 § 38 . crō ō inn dano, is hēisidh[e] saighes fine ar urradhas ar ath-athgabāil (sic), Ériu i 214.27 . athgabhail .i. cró aighe, O'Cl. cía fuaitges in n-a.¤ `who seizes the pledge', Metr. Dinds. iii 212.30 and Corr. ní lamar la graifne in gáid / élud, aithne, a.¤ , 18.224 . di marc hi n-athgabāil in satisfaction, ZCP vii 305.14 .

(c) In phr. fo-ácaib a.¤ leaves, gives pledge, security (in compensation), leaves possessions: ni ḟaicfed dano a.¤ túath nó chenél lasa mairfide som the people by whom he should be slain would die destitute, RC viii 50.5 (`no folk by whom he would be slain would get reprisal', Stokes). ní ba mór itir faicebtha athgabāil `thou shalt not leave any great inheritance(?)', Ériu viii 157.y . nocon(on)faicebsa a.¤ latt intan immosceram, RC xiii 436 § 4 . So also: na ricfa a anim nem ┐ na biad a a.¤ i talmain he will leave no goods on earth, LL 354d8 . cen athgabail nime na talman ūadhibh should leave neither spiritual nor worldly inheritance (?), Cáin Ad. 31 . nambad iarfasti a chiniud la cách / ┐ nad mbíad a athgabail día chiniud co bráth that none should ask after his people and that he should leave no inheritance to his people, Trip.² 2515 .

(d) In phr. co n-a.¤ including , cen a.¤ excluding: na huile cneda . . . otha bas go banbeim go nathgabail an bais ┐ gin athgabail an banbeim, Laws iv 232.11 Comm. coruicce ard-airig .i. co nathgabail in airig aird, v 402.27 Comm. o ind in méoir co n-a.¤ maethan a n-imdha, Thr. Ir. Gl. 17.20 . in lin . . . airimther o dialt co bricht cona n-athghabhail diblinaib inclusive, Auraic. 904 . can athgabail Ṡlainge not including S., Fen. 46.1 .

(e) In general sense of plunder, booty: cloc ┐ salm do eclais geill do rígaib . . . aithgabáil do fennethaíb, LU 9787 . do thabairt braite ┐ athgabala esti, TTr.² 386 . coblach do thecht . . . ┐ a.¤ do thabairt uadib coro[b] buide leo assec E. dar éis na hathgabala to take spoil from them, LL 229a47 ( TTr. 898 ). athgabhail .i. creach, O'Cl.

(I) act of receiving again: nách éidir an baistteadh . . . d'athghabháil one cannot receive baptism a second time, Desid. 4960 .

brecht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. brecht or dil.ie/6637
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: mrecht

adj mid. Ir. form of mrecht. Not always dist. from 2 bricht (partic. in metrical applications) variegated, varied; various: rosc ṁb. n-urard ina chind `an eye of many colours' ( TBC-LL² 4438 ), LL 11931. tr[ēiged] bith b.¤ is a bruc the varied world, ZCP vi 269 § 3. co bráth b.¤ , PRIA xix 536 § 21. is b.¤ trā fo-gabar in genelach-sa ōthā so sīs this pedigree is found inconsistent (in varying form ?), Corp. Gen. 198.22 . is b.¤ . . . aisnédit . . . genelach in rig-sa . . . .i. Hiruath `varied', PH 6944. is brect immorro ┐ is ecsamail innisit na heolaig ` diversely ', Lism. L. 4654. dona slataibh breactaibh. Slat b. bec (in names of metres, see Murphy Metrics, p. 28 ), IT iii 92 § 132. ? brechta (: Erca) brígail, Arch. Hib. ii 70 § 10 . Note also: aicme muine .i. mbracht, gorm, nglas, srorca (sic), ruadh (Group M in Dathogam), Auraic. 5700.

As subst. (cf. 1 bricht): Ri ro delb datha na ṅgaeth / . . . / co mbrechtaib cach illdatha with variegations, SR 56. is aciside doronta ilbrechta i n-etaigib Herend varying colours, LL 2036. airdibdad . . . .i. for sailig ┐ for ferna . . . .i. a mbricht ass di raith `their (sc. the letters s and f) being deleted altogether' (?), Auraic. 1282 , 4339 . Fig. confusion, doubt: b.¤ la certa cía rét it is the wonder of smiths (of a precious gaming-board), Fianaig. 14.19 . Legal uncertainty, dubious case (?) (see ZCP xiv 367 ): is bricht (.i. cunntabairt) don bhreó (.i. don brethemh) beris bráth (.i. breth), Ériu xiii 81 § 287. is b.¤ (.i. is cunntabairt) ce roithne, mac muine `is doubtful even though acknowledged' (sc. the son of a harlot), Laws v 452.16 , 454.1 Comm. fo aothaibh, no fo inderbhh no brechta, O'D. 681 (H. 3.17, 499). ni toing luighi fo brechta go fer sagarbuic cidh itir tuaith beid, O'Curry 2600 ( Eg. 88, 51a ), see brechtra. ni b.¤ na cunntabairt, Laws i 218.19 Comm. Cf. breacht .i. mind, Lec. Gl. 96 , M 63 ` diadem?' (Index), so also Stowe Gl. (perh. oath in special sense, or to be referred to 1 bricht ?).

Compds. With adjj. in dvandva compds.: pláigh bhreachtlonn shattering (?) and fierce, Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 15 § 8 . oc Banna brectrúaid, LL 6500 (= breccrūaid, RC xxxvi 263 § 23 ). With adj. derived from noun. do Theamhraigh . . . bhreachttolchaigh (: eachtronnchaibh) `many-mounded T.', Aithd. D. 35.4 . With noun. Nertmar mac Ebir ... diarbo ainm brechtgal Beomain, LL 269 . brech[t]rugad, Prolegomena 44 § 10 , see ruccad.

brosna

Cite this: eDIL s.v. brosna or dil.ie/6996

 

Forms: bronasnae

n (-ae) io, m. faggot(s), bundle of firewood, fuel: b.¤ .i. bris-nī (bris ne, MS.) insin .i. brisiud (.i. do min[bach] feda ┐ crīnac[h]) brister co llāim ┐ nī bīail gabar dō, Corm. Y 119 = brossnai .i. brissni, etc., Corm. 6. in brosnae (bronasnae, MS.) dombert side dia edbairt fesin gl. Isác cum lignis, Tur. 123. brosne crin gl. gremium (leg. cremium, Psalms ci 4 , edd.), Thes. i 3.27 . cosin brosnu gl. gremio `with the sheaf', Tur. 127. b.¤ crínaig, Trip.² 128 = nutrimenta ignium, Lat. Lives 46 § 38. cía nodbena-su, a chaillech, / b.¤ (brosnad, v.l.) dia ind fort tellach `faggots from its bole' (of Bile Tortan), Metr. Dinds. iv 242.26 . utlach-brossnada mora `lap-faggots', CCath. 3978. b.¤ braei laime gac ein fir a full armload (?), RC xliii 106 § 111.

Extended applications: b.¤ do setaib gabla `a bundle of the lowest seds,' Laws v 478.25 Comm. ? for b.¤ brigi .i. for feirtsi carpait no airm, RC xxvi 30 note 1 . gor bo b.¤ bodhbha . . . gach colg `bloody heap', MR 274.9 . bláth bruinne bran brosnaib (b., ban brosnad, v.ll.) gual, Ériu ix 46 § 14. = . . . b.¤ gūal (B. na f.), ZCP v 490 § 17. amru brígaib, brosnaib gal (chev.), SR 7027.

Metr. b.¤ suad, see IT iii 121 § f . One of the sixteen divisions of poetry known by a file, 29.20 . b.¤ s. .i. am ron gab: escraib cornaib caírib, etc. Is b.¤ s. sin (annsin, v.l.), acht rop commar (robo cummair, v.l.) cach cethramthu don runn, 30 § f. Note also: (as kenning) Eo Rosa . . . / b.¤ suad (rhet.) ` faggot (?) of sages', Dinds. 160. See brosnach.

3 cadla

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 cadla or dil.ie/7559

 

n goat : cadhla .i. gabar , O'Mulc. 279 , Metr. Gl. 12 § 17 , O'Cl. is truad fáoid / focerd c.¤ ind diaid a láoigh, Mon. Tall. 119.25 . is ó gach cadhla in cháin / is ó gach cráin . . . , Misc. Hag. Hib. 34 § 48 . cadlaid, oirc, K. and H. 16 .

comḟrecarthach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comḟrecarthach or dil.ie/11220
Last Revised: 2019

 

adj (frecarthach) corresponding : na cúig nuimreacha . . . dlegar a mbeit comfreacurthach do na cúig féiltib, O'Gr. Cat. 312.33 . an comhartha . . . comhfhreagrach don mhí in a mbia, Corp. Astron. 106.7 . As subst. do gabar a comfrecurthach in cach bescna dib in ḟocail is eitget, O'Curry 897 ( H 3.18, 399 ). a chomhfhreagarthach sin do tharbh, TBC St. 82 .

crannach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. crannach or dil.ie/12754
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: cran(n)cha

n m. and f. (crann). a d s. also cran(n)cha, O'D. 2409 - 10 cited below. c.¤ f., IGT Decl. § 37 . trees, grove, wooded place : siriu cliabaigh . . ./ fo crannaigh, Ériu xiii 76 § 212 . ag dol dó 'na rúaig fán ccrannaigh, BNnÉ 138.31 . co crannaig Moighe G., Arch. Hib. i 3.8 `the wood of M.G.', n. ? on chrannaig . . . / on mona cum na habhann, Fen. 76.15 . Of array of spearshafts: tri nói cath a crannaig cáil `with his line of slender spears', Metr. Dinds. iii 266.11 . gurbo c.¤ réidh . . . mar do seóladh . . . na hairm, ML² 1721 .

Of various objects made of wood: re sraitsligidh crandcha comairdi `of equally high wooden structure', CCath. 5823 ('of log-paving of a road', Plummer MS. notes). fidba innraic . . . ordlach lethit a cuil oca c.¤ , O'Curry 883 ( H 3.18, 395a ) ` handle (?)', Plummer MS. notes. ? ro bháoi a crandach forra, ┐ an iaronn na ndheaghaigh ` plough-gear ', BNnÉ 39.14 . glac mar Dhonn ar chrannaigh cheolmhair `tuneful music-branch', Ó Bruad. iii 210.23 . Maol mín Cobha gan ch.¤ , DDána 113.13 .

Of some wooden obstacle or danger to cattle: faill imchoimheta i lleth re tonn[aig] crithaigh ┐ re cranncha (see 2 tonnach), O'D. 2409 ( Rawl. 506, 52b ). brissiudh i crancha no badudh i tonna[ig] crithaigh, 2410 ( 52c ). fo cechair .i. tondach for a huachtar .i. tonn crithech .i. crandach, Laws v 138.19 Comm. `wooded place (?)', Plummer MS. notes. ? gin biad . . . ┐ crannaig cana darí (= Dári) ┐ Moling .i. cen crand ar lias dona laegaibh, O'Curry 343 ( H 3.18, 190b ). cín . . . do crandche `of thy stake-fence', Laws iv 140.27 Comm. Cf. mar gabar . . . an mactíre ón crandaig, De Contemptu 1066 ` trap ', Gloss.

In n. loc. Clúain na Cranncha, BNnÉ 35.33 .

1 créda

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 créda or dil.ie/12812

 

Forms: credo, crédha, cré

n (Lat. credo). O. Ir. credo (crédo ?). crédha f., IGT Decl. § 3 (44.7) . Later also cré. creed, us. Apostles' Creed: trisin credo, Tur. 68 . nad ngeba (leg. ngaba) a paiter nach a credo, Laws ii 120.6 (printed as Comm.). crédha na filidheachta (heading), Ériu xiii 38.1 . gabar sailm, gabar c.¤ , Acall. 3955 . can phatir can chreda, LL 39379 ( Cog. 10.11 ). paidear ┐ cré, Rule of Tallaght 90 . cin co lega acht a ch.¤ , Ériu v 22.28 . geibh ad chridhi do chrédha, IGT Decl. ex. 58 . cré na n-asbal, DDána 15.3 . cré: Dé, 1 . Paidior is Cré, Párl. na mB. 422 .

1 cú

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cú or dil.ie/13291
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: chon, coin, choin

n n, m., later also f. See GOI §§ 328 , 74 , 89 , 203 . With lenition of closely following wd. ( c.¤ ches, LU 8336 , cf. Cú Chulainn, passim), § 232 . For gender cf. g s. in chon , Mer. Uil.² 267 . n p. na coin , Anecd. i 9.21 (so also SCano 287 ). in choin , Bodl. Dinds. 32 . With masc. pron.: smacht ar choin gan eill ní heidir / a thoil féin dá léigir lais, Dán Dé xix 8 . c.¤ m. (and f., v.l.), IGT Decl. § 21 .

(a) dog, hound : c.¤ goirt elscothach, Lat. Lives § 64 (69.2) = avidus canis, Vita Br. 10 . do conaibh gortaibh, Blathm. 107 . co rāssa in cū, TBC-I¹ 539 . ba samalta ri gláim con allmaraig, MU² 611 . D. ┐ D. . . . dā choin M. Fothartaig, Fing. R. 59 . ri iarthair Laigen, ┐ a ben . . . ┐ a chu do marbad i n-aen uair, AU i 570.4 . cia ris fa fearr do crudh c.¤ who loved a hound better? AFM ii 898.20 . da folaib con ┐ catt ┐ druad (sc. noxious liquid for spearheads), MU² 732 . .iii. bliadna don gurt. trí saeguil in guirt don coin (dog's life-span), Lism. L. xli 7 . coin a tuil a leanmhain día sleghaibh (sic leg.) `their hounds asleep, fastened to their spears', Cóir Anm. 70 (322.15) . dá maer a chon masters of hounds (in enumeration of Finn's household), SG 93.14 . c.¤ bhus oirrdhearca n-iomráidh (in praise of Mag Uidhir's dog), DDána 112.1 . lēcad chon re fīed (an unprofitable act), MacCongl. 125.18 . fágbhaim fútha an ch.¤ sa cluithe `the hound and sport' (i.e. `the whole business', note 2), Ó Bruad. ii 196.4 . In name of plant: blas na gcaor gcon, Dánfhocail 74 (`dog-berry', Gloss.). In more general sense: a ndul a ndealbaib ceithri con . . . a ndeilb madaid, RC xxiv 174.6 .

(b) c.¤ (allaid) wolf : cu'allaid gl. lupus, Ir. Gl. 417 . isait coin altai in degboin, Vita Br. 27 . lúatha coin dod-repnadar, BDD² 1515 ` wolves ' ( BDD 166 ). os hé conrethed laa cona (of the child Cormac, carried off by a wolf), ZCP viii 311.1 . amal mucca eter conaib, LU 4442 . cúana mára cucu (na hoegaire) do chonaib alta, LL 36599 . atchīatt na conu cucu 'na rith, BColm. 54.3 ; fáolchonu, 5 . co[i]n allta, 12 . c.¤ allaid, CF² 1159 . na coin alta ┐ na sinnaig, O'D. 1686 ( H 5.15, 29 col. 2 ). nuall-ghul . . . amhail chona allta, TSh. 5857 . Name of plant: atriplex .i. cu allaid `orach' (Gloss.), ACL i 335 § 86 .

(c) With other defining wds: mo ch.¤ coiméta `guardian hound', Cóir Anm. 214 . coin fhodhairne .i. dobharchoin, no madaidh uisge, O'Cl. See fodorne. c.¤ lechtig, see ? lechtig. c.¤ lomna, Fraech 330 . c.¤ neimhe fierce hound (the smith's hound in Táin), Ir. Syll. Poetry 59 § 4 . ō mud na con tairisi .i. na con tighi `of faithful dogs (i.e. of domestic dogs'), BColm. 82.z - 84.1 . c.¤ ruadh .i. seannach ` fox ', P. O'C. c.¤ ruad Droma meic Dáir, SG 56.21 `wolf'. cū otraigh 'a yard (lit. dung-hill) dog', Celtica xxv 151 ​​. See 1 árach, 1 lorg, loman, and sodach.

(d) Fig. Usu. laudatory of persons, etc.: flaith in chon bic (i.e. Congalach, a king), ZCP xii 236 § 55.3 . c.¤ congbhála cáich `maintaining hound' (Conn), ML 86.5 . c.¤ fiadhaigh fhola hAdhaimh (of Mary's glory), Aithd. D. 87.2 . In unfavourable sense: I. h. Flannchada, cu na naemh ┐ na firen (`persecutor', note), AU i 570.7 - 10 .

Very frequ. in nn. pr. notably in name C.¤ Chulainn. See Contribb. 539 , Corp. Gen. Index 572 f. Mac Con, ZCP viii 312.9 . mo Ch. cháem chain (sc. C.¤ Chulainn), TBC-LL² 426 . in C.¤ Chulaind . . . no bíd ar Maig . . . Murthemne . . . Mássa C.¤ fil and, LU 9312 - 16 . eter Conall Cernach ┐ Coin Culaind, LU 8781 ( FB 58 ). C.¤ na Cerda `Hound of the Smith' (C.¤ Chulainn), TBC-LL² 434 . ó Choin cherda Conchobair, LU 3573 ( SCC 29 ). O Coin Allta `grandson of C.¤ Allaid', RC xviii 271.18 . Blatmhac mac conbreatan maic conngosa (in title), Blathm. p. 2 . do Coin-bretan . . . Cu-bretan mac C., RC xxiv 48.3 , 4 . C.¤ corb, Cóir Anm. 191 . C.¤ cen mháthair, 48 . Clann Con-Coingelt (genealogical heading), Corp. Gen. 292.24 . Cúduiligh (name of a coarb of Máedóc Ferna's), BNnÉ 287 § 274 . drai derg donnbuidhe / curaí ín rindmuighe, IT iii 94 § 144 . Cū Rūi, Bruchst. 26 § 58 . lecht Con-rúi i Sléib Mis, RC xxiii 306 § 10 . hi crolecht Caunrai (rhet.), ZCP viii 565.10 .

(Prov.) doringnis C.¤ ┐ Cethen dím .i. c.¤ thanic i tech Cormaic . . . co ro marb Cethen . . . ┐ co romarbad in c.¤ fochetóir, LL 161b marg. sup.

Metr.: c.¤ mara, fault to be avoided by poets, consists in lack of a second internal rhyme in second couplet. Named from the ex.: ni cainfidhear Cu Mara / da fagha bu du-bera, IGT Metr. Faults§ 9 . Exemption is given in some metres. da aisdi ina tabar sairsi do Choin mara no tri no .i. leith-dechnaidh . . . ┐ dian oireng ┐ deachnaidh breacht, § 75 . sairsi dhisi sa leithdeachnaidh, amail ata ni doigh Daire ag roind a tire / re cloinn Creidhe (the lack of an internal rhyme with Daire is permitted because of the shortness of the line). Ata comardudh re `roind' . . . gurab uime sin do-berar sairsi do Choin mhara isin aisde sin, § 76 . §§ 77-8 .

(e) In extended application creature, insect, parasite (us. with defining word): cú cnámha .i. snasán, O'Cl. ` vermin, louse ', Contribb. 540 . See cnám, loscann . c.¤ cherchailli .i. findoi facabar a fés na hóili, Harl. 5280, 41a , Contribb. 540 . moth, bed-bug (?), see c.¤ finda s.v. ca(u)nna. c.¤ ḟiaclach, see O'Curry 1886 - 7 (of person, the c.¤ glas) under (f) below.

(f) Legal. cu na tri ngnimh, O'D. 2449 ( Rawl. 506, f. 61 p. 1 col. 1 ) `a dog that can track and seize, and can defend against attack', Plummer MS notes. im choin for a mbi ottrach `hound of the dung hill' (watchdog), Laws i 126.8 .i. cu sechtair doiris, 144.7 Comm. na dobrana amhail na cona cennta, O'D. 1686 ( H 5.15, p. 29 col. 2 ). da cet do cach crudh aici (in briughadh leithech) cinmotha coin ┐ cata, Laws i 46.24 Comm. tri coin fogail fomnaither and three dogs are checked in trespass, iii 414.23 . caithe con `trespasses of hounds', iv 122.4 Comm. muilliud con `setting on a dog', iii 518.20 . ni cuirter coin congail[e] fair `no dogs are set fighting in his (the invalid's) presence', BCrólige 61 . aithne con do sedhguinecht, Laws v 190.18 . oin con fri tofund `the loan of a hound to hunt with', 278.5 . in cu confaid `mad dog', iii 272.20 Comm. in cu cedcintach (of liability in cases of dog's first bite), 522.16 Comm. `c. glas' (derogatory term BBCS xxiv 116 ) of person without legal status except through his wife, hence one whose children become in effect members of their mother's `fine', their father as an outsider having no `fine', stranger, castaway (?), see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 132 , 183 , 197 : cu-glas (.i. in ti amail coin imfaenledaigi gabar tar glas na fairgi, in murcurthe, na fuil ac tigerna airithe, 19 Comm. ), direnar side a inchaib a mna, ┐ is si iccas a cinta, Laws v 516.7 . cu glas (.i. deorud loingsig, Comm.) di-renar side a inch(a)uib a mna, etc. c.g. i.e. a proscribed foreigner (Thurn.), Ir. Recht 64 § 4 . ni aile maithre cuit i maccaib — acht mac con glais (.i. ín muircairthi, Comm.) no mac ambui, 31 § 33 . fiacail conglas . . . .i. in cu fiaclach gabair tar glas na fairge, O'Curry 1886 - 7 ( 23 Q 6, 22 aa ). Cf. Mac con glaisi, O'Dav. 418 `son of the gray wolf' (or of the female stranger or n. pr. f. ?).

Compds. oi-ba . . . coinba, echba, duineba murrain of dogs, ZCP iii 245.y . conbadh inna con, AU i 246.2 . conbóchail gl. Hylax, Thes. ii 47.25 . im conbuachaill (sic leg.) cacha cethra `watch-dog', Laws i 126.8 . rucus slān cinad conbuachalla, ZCP xv 331 § 22 (Caratnia) `das Vergehen des Hirtenhunds'. Fothad coincheann dog-headed , Corp. Gen. 103.14 . concro gl. decipula, Ir. Gl. 261 . hi con-chrú `amid the blood of dogs', Metr. Dinds. iii 392.z . Fear glas fri concuru, BB 369a18 , SG ii 496.31 `handling of hounds' = fri concairecht, Dinds. 35 . a coindobrain `his otters', Hy Maine 90.z . confæl conrechta .i. ben conrechta .i. inti risa cartanach dol asa eol a richtaib con amail atait i coinerca (Í Chon Erca, Ed.), BCrólige 32 and n. conoel (leg. conḟoel .i. ben tet a conrecht, O'Mulc. 269 . O'Curry 95 = fáelchú 'wolf' CMCS xliv 64 n. 105 ) ( H 3.18, 67 ). in cetramod plag .i. cinomi ┐ scinifi ┐ confiaclaca conda i cricaib . . . Egept biters (flies, midges ) = muscae ( Exodus viii 22 , 24), BB 240a46 . Cf. na cuili conda mus-luaiditis dar béolu ┐ tar gruaithe dóib, Celtica iv 24.326 - 7 . coinḟiadh (sinnach, v.l., notes) dá lí ar tí a hén fox , Acall. 846 . ? mar da chuala in cughaire / noco cluinfea in damgair, IT iii 89 § 112 . Murphy Metrics 60 § 85 (`hound-cry', Gloss.). ¤glecc, see coinglecc. co n-gabdáis cointéill ┐ echlusca duit `lash thee with dog-straps, etc. ', MacCongl. 107.1 . coneill (a s.) dog-leash , Acall. 3208 . de genere CorchuChonlúain, Thes. ii 265.9 ( Ardm. 11b ). ga chonmhaoraibh `gillies', Aithd. D. 20.5 . conmaor `intendant de chiens', Études Celt. xii 532 . a conmír gl. offam, Sg. 103b1 . Ir. Gl. 276 . ferr cara inā conmīr (prov.), ZCP vi 260.22 `a ham is better than a morsel for a dog' (?), RC xlv 88 § 5 . See s. 2 cara. conogam .i. archu, etc., Auraic. 5740 . tiagait iat i conrechtaib `in the form of wolves' (of Síl in Faelchon in Ossory), Todd Nenn. 204.2 , cf. ¤ḟáel supra. (in n. loc.) Glenn na conricht, Acall. 7716 . deisidh for a chon-righthibh hi fiadhnuse na heillte `on his (a wolf's) paws', BNnÉ 29 § 34 . tar a conumbur (sic leg.) `dog-trough', Laws ii 118.16 Comm.

See 1 cana, coinchenn, coinḟíad, 4 con, conchar.

cuibdius

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cuibdius or dil.ie/13459

 

n [u, m.] (cubaid). Cf. éccuibdes.

(a) musical harmony, concord, agreement : air in c.¤ gl. propter . . . concinnentiam, Ml. 138d2 . c.¤ fileta `with poetic harmony', Thes. ii 327.5 (Hy. v Pref.). aicetal .i. cuidhbius, ut est áer aicetail .i. aor co cuidhbius `harmony', O'Dav. 33 . dorat Duid bindius ┐ cupdius foaib (the psalms), Hib. Min. 157 . dechruigit i sillabaib ┐ i nétsecht cuibdiussa o chluais (of metrical categories), IT iii 7.2 . c.¤ cubaid / ac na elaib, ZCP vii 309.21 . ar ch.¤ fri recht ┐ fáitsine = ne discreparet a lege et prophetia, PH 4766 .

(b) Specifically of a metrical device, assonance: R., is ēside arrānic c.¤ i ndeud na comarc, Corp. Gen. 22.22 . ar annsatas a comuama ┐ a cuibdesa seoch na haistib eile (of a type of metre), O'D. 1196 ( H 2.15A, 80a ). isse sede ar-ranic c.¤ i ndeut na ndúan, LL 311c16 .

(c) In Laws Comm. in sense of joint equal payment where more than one person is responsible for an injury inflicted, etc.: ge no tairistea lan fiach amach . . . daos bidbunuis, nochun ḟuil c.¤ daithfegad eturru ┐ aiti ┐ muime, uair gach baile i mbia nech bus lanamandha ac denumh foghla re nech, ┐ duine nach bu lanamanda, ni fuil cuibius (sic) daithḟegad eturru i.e. when an injury has been committed in which one who is connected by some lánamain-bond to the injured and another who is not so connected, there is no question of sharing equally the payment for the injury, Laws ii 184.4 (in this context the injury has been inflicted on a child in fosterage and both the actual inflicter of the injury and the child's fosterparents must pay damages). nocon aithfegtar cuibdes eturru, acht a lan dic ar a aighidh fein `the full fine is to be paid by each on his own account', iii 244.23 . gabar cuibes uathaib um lan cintaigh, 410.7 . is lan cuibdesa dic dfir tairci, 114.21 . i c.¤ (paying) jointly, equally: fiach gaite uathaib í cuibus, no ó cechtur de a necuibus, O'D. 2027 ( Rawl. B 487, 53d ). ícait indile láin trí ranna as ar dus, ┐ tecait i c.¤ co hindile leithi im trí randaib aile ┐ comícat etarru, 1463 (E. 3.5, 42b). icait da trian secht cumala risium i cuibdes `conjointly', Laws iii 116.8 Comm. fíach cubhusbhraith ó dhaoirchelibh . . . go ruige móirṡesior a ccuibhdhius, Ériu xiii 50.1 .

In other texts, i c.¤ agreed, jointly, equally : foghabar o A. inni sin i c.¤ `A. agreed', Aen. 720 . madh ionann breath bheireas siad / is í an bhreath do bhreith a (? leg. i) gcuibhdheas / leath um leith do fhuilngeas iad `their agreement means the passing of the judgment', PBocht 18.17 .

(d) In various other abstract meanings: ro cet cen ch.¤ without justification, Laws v 232.9 Comm. (of a satire). ? grinde daingen is grinne cuibheas (sic), LL 395a14 . o gein Crist is c.¤ [cuimni] / coro thurmius buidni na mban a fitting thing, 17387 ( RC xlvii 315.2 ). índisiu tria hainsimh cen chuidbus accusation without justification (?), BB 299a7 . do chur ar céill, ná ar cuibhdes, na ar comaentaid, MR 296.z (`reason'). as iongnadh . . . nach beth do chuibhdeas leo . . . that they should not have the good sense to (?), MS. Mat. 578.32 . go ccuibhdhes, ┐ go ttromdhacht ndlightigh = with expedient and due gravity, RSClára 101b . a mbeith gan chéill gan chuibhdhios harmony, equilibrium (?), Ir. Syll. Poetry 51 § 3 `senseless and deranged' (notes). ? sechtmadh eneclainne righ túath sin isin ḟaigett gan chuibhdhes, Ériu xiii 48.14 . do chóidh a cuibhdheas chugoinn `its equivalent came to us', Dán Dé xviii 22 . nach cuibhdheas grás uaibh fhoghnas `no moderate amount of Thy indulgence avails', PBocht 21.23 .

dechmad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dechmad or dil.ie/14893
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: dechma, dechmu, dechmud, deachmuid, deachṁuidh, deachṁughaim

old derivative of deich, Gaul. petru-decameto-, CIL xiii 2494 . Holder 980 .

I o-ā, adj. Tenth . Always before its subst. and preceded by the article: decmed, Ériu lviii 97 (Computus Einsidlensis) . sin dechmaid lá, SR 6327 . in deachmadh bliadain flaithiusa Tibhir, MacCarthy 282. 10 f.b. isin dechmad bliadain a ríge, 298. 13 . ib. 290. 2 , 14 . foglaim na dechmaide bliadna, IT iii 54 § 99 . in d.¤ aithne, PH 7764 . decima ostensio: in d.¤ taidbsi, 6720 . in d.¤ grád, 7160 . isin d.¤ chaipdel, 7456 . an deachṁadh coṁartha aran mbás, TSh. 51. 3 .—With ellipse of subst. and omission of article (see CMCS xlviii 51 n. 42): dechmad grád talman, MacCongl. 51. 11 (cf. nói ṅgrád nime ┐ in dechmad grád talman, LL 45 b 34 ). dechmad nert | talman tríuin, Ériu xxii 27 § 5 .—Now under the influence of deich pronounced with slender ch (th = h): deichṁeadh, deithiú, W.M.; cf. Rev. xi 13 : an deichṁeadh cuid don chathair. Thus also Sc. deicheaṁ, HSD. Macd.

II Subst., ā, f.

(a) a space of ten days dechma, Laws ii 106. 2 . dechmu, ib. i 262. 5 ; 264. 11 . dechmud, i 264. 12 . Acc. for nom.: deachmuid, ii 90. 20 .—Frequently in the Laws = anad dechmaide a stay of ten days ( Laws i 80. 32 ). One of the four periods (uidi) for notice of Law: arinní robdur cethri uidi robátar for furógru dlige aon ┐ treisi cúicthe ┐ dechmu, i 262. 5 . n s. d.¤ fri rudrad, i 78. 14 . fri rurud, ii 90. 20 . adfogarar dechmu do feine fiachaig...ar as dechmud fri saigid, i 264. 11 ; ii 106. 2 .—g s. leth na decmaidi v 68. 5 . re ré ndechmaide, iii 532. 17 . ib. i 192. 12 f.b. ; v 66. 4 f.b. co iar ndechmaide, v 306. 9 . a s. cid arná segat cúicthe nó dechmad, i 236. 12 . co dechmaid = co cenn ndechmaide; conár fastur doib cu dechmuid, ii 48. 4 . O'Dav. 950 . —d s. for dechmaid, Laws i 152. 1 . is díles iar ndechmaid, ii 310. 8 f.b. ib. v 308. 3 . d p. direnar i teora dechmadaib, v 394. 8 . Law-terms : anad dechmaide a stay or delay of ten days: dechmad .i. a. d., i 80. 32 ; 192. 13 f.b. ; 236. 20 . a. d. ar cach nathgabáil gabar de, i 200. 30 . O'D. Suppl. apad dechmaide a legal notice of ten days, 1262. 22 . abad teora dechmad, iv 2. 20 . athgabál dechmaide distress of ten days: a. húine ┐ aile...┐ d., i 208. 2 ; ib. 192. 10 ; 210. 22 .— íc ar dechmaid, Cáin Ad. 38 . airḟuacra decmaidi, Hib. Min. 66. 6 . nosbiathaim co cenn dechmaide IT i 141. 26 (CC). ZCP v 503. 16 .—Obs.

(b) one of ten equal parts, a tenth .

(1) In a general sense: cathir dronoll...mét don domonn a dechmad, SR 344 . masé dechmad a ḟeraind tucustair in duine amach, Laws v 38. 10 . tabar dechmad in ḟiadhuigh dún, Acall. 919 . gabais dechmaid cechtar nái (viz. na mbairgen) ┐ benais dechmaid in tóchta...fil dechmaid sund ar MacC., MacCongl. 23. 12 sq.; ib. 23. 16 , 18 (g s. dechmaide); 25. 4 . deachṁadh na deachṁadha, Levit. x 38 . Sc. deicheaṁ: bheir mi d. dhuit I will give you a tenth part Macd. 325 a .

(2) In a specal sense after the introduction of Christianity, translating Lat. decima (pl. Lat. decimae: dechmada): the tithes of the Church. haec decima .i. dechmadh, Ir. Gl. 43 . According to the Brehon Laws the laity was obliged to pay dechmad and primiti (primitiae) to the clergy. n p. dechmada ┐ primiti ┐ almsana, Laws i 50. 27 . dán do eclais .i. dechmada ┐ primite ┐ rl., iii 18. 26 . na dechmada, v 450. 23 . a p. isé (viz. in flaith) dobeir primidi ┐ dechmada ┐ almsana don eclais, v 12. 28 . d p. do dechmadaib ┐ primittib, v 266. 11 ; 122. 21 . g p. fuaslugad dechmad, v 450. 15 .— for dánaib ┐ dechmadaib na hecailsi, LU 30 a 27 = FA § 25 . ní dligid dechmaidiu, O'D. Suppl. from LB. tug F. a roga feraind do Chormac... tuc dano a deachmadh do, BB 234 a 4 . quasi anni nostri decimas damus : doberum...mar bad dechmad ár mbliadna PH 4936 . ib. 4939 - 40 . is do deochainib ┐ do ṡacartaib dobertís dechmada ┐ prímite ic áes rechta decimae et primitiae, 6012 . a p. dechmadu a máine, 4172 . érnaid dechmada na nuli filet ocaib do ḟulang na neclais, 7251 . Gadelica ii 123. 2 . d. dérniud or do díl pay tithes PH 7251 . sná díol deachṁugha ar aonchor, Gadelica ii 128 l. 618 . Donlevy 144. 25 . Rel. Celt. ii 278 st 16 (deacbhuidh). d. do glaccad receive tithes: anúair ghlacfuid na lebhítigh dechmadha, Nehemiah x 38 . doghlacas an deachṁadh, Hebrews vii 9 . —Instances from the Bible: n s. deachmadh, Levit. xxvii 32 , ib. x 38 . pl. bhur ndeachmadha, Deuteronomy xii 11 . d s. deachṁuidh, Levit. xxvii 31 . g s. gabáil deachṁuidh , Deuteronomy xxvi 12 . g. na deachṁuidhe, ib. dechṁadh na dechmadha, Levit. x 38 .

(3) Of any tribute to the clergy, no matter how big or how small: tucsat cúiced Laigen trian a clainde ┐ trian a nindmais do naem Pátraic conid Cnoc na Dechmaide ainm in chnuic sin ósin anall, Acall. 4825 . —The sense `ten things, articles or animals' which is given in O'D. Suppl. appears to have no support (one would expect †décade or †deichde).

MOD. v. I, II (b ). Lhuyd. Coneys. O'R. Dinneen Sc. deachaṁ: thug e dha d. de gach ní , Gen. xiv 20 . HSD. Macd. Phon. deicho, O'R. ann.—Hence deachṁuighim (vn. deachṁughudh) I pay tithes; deachṁughaim id. O'R. deachṁaich , HSD. deicheaṁaich , Macd.

desimrecht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. desimrecht or dil.ie/15770

 

Forms: des(s)imrecht, desemmrecht, dessemrecht, deissemrecht, desmrecht, desmerecht, desmeirecht, deisimbrecht, desmirecht, desmberecht, d., desmerecht, desimrechta, desimrechta, desimrechte, desmerecht

n u, n. later m. Spellings: des(s)imrecht, Wb. 5d10 , 31c11 . Sg. 35b13 . desemmrecht, Wb. 12c35 . dessemrecht, 24c8 . deissemrecht, 24c14 . desmrecht, Ml. 118a7 , Sg. 66b17 , 18 , 20 . desmerecht, desmeirecht, LU 451 , 462 . deisimbrecht, Hib. Min. 4.130 . desmirecht, desmberecht, PH . Decl.: n s. d.¤ n-aill, Sg. 66b20 . in desmerecht , LU 451 . g s. desimrechta, Wb. 26b18 . n p. desimrechta, LU 482 . a p. id., Sg. 214a5 , Anecd. ii 11 . g p. desimrechte, Wb. 26d17 . desmerecht, etc., LU 478 . PH 4775 .

Corresponds to Lat. exemplum.

(a) example, exemplar, pattern: condid d.¤ do chách, Wb. 5d10 . combad d.¤ ícce cáich, 28a13 . áes drochbæsgnai . . . dia ngabthar drochdesmrecht, Ml. 118a7 . lécfet desmbirecht sonarti ┐ calmachta do na moethoclachaib, PH 6559 . iar nd.¤ Iudais, 5297 . gaibid d.¤ (de) takes example (from), Wb. 24c14 , 26b18 . Ml. 118a7 . PH 3573 . Of texts: is inunn chiall isindi as scit ┐ as nóuit isin dib desmrechtaib so (i.e. the Roman and Gallican psalters), Ml. 114b1 .

(b) sample, specimen, illustration: cia chollit araile in cánaidsea ná gabar sin amail d.¤ , LB 203b56 . ni tuc a d.¤ he cited no example of it, Sg. 100a7 . a nderbad hua desimrechtaib, 90a3 . d.¤ fetarlicci an example from the Old Testament, Wb. 29a13 . do dheismireacht na ndechnad, IT iii 20 n. 3 . co tardad d.¤ do chách in mod o clofitis he—tria umla, PH 4817 . agso deismireacht na hAmhra ag aithfhriotal briathar Choluim an example from the Amhra, Keat. iii 1414 . rofoillsicchsett desmerechta imdha a ndeggnimh do thúathaibh . . ., Anecd. ii 11 . roinn deismireachta na hAmhra Coluim Chille verses to illustrate the A.C.C., ZCP xiii 8.15 . With AR: desmrecht insin ar aimsir deirb in feminino, Sg. 66b17 ; ib. 18 . desmirecht ar gach deach fo leit[h], IT iii 20 § 59 . Used to introduce a quotation, etc. deismerecht air sidhe, ut dixit in filedh, Laws i 4.1 . Cf. 16.z . dlighidh se . . . deismeireachd iomdha do bheith aigi orra ó ughdaruibh . . . do shuidhioghadh a n-aibeóradh, IGT Introd. § 2 . ag so deismeireacht air (citing an illustrative couplet), § 18 . Folld. by defining clause: desmberecht nach cóir fuirech . . . cen a comallad an example (to prove) that, PH 5699 . With IM: gurbo deismirecht im impod for Cesair la cach impodh damhsa fair that my desertion of C. may serve as an example to others to desert him, CCath. 3679 .

dess

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dess or dil.ie/15783
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: deas, dessum, tes

adj o, ā.

(a) right (as opposed to left), dexter: deas (gl. dexter), Ir. Gl. 386 . for láim deis, BCr. 19c2 . alleth o laim deiss gl. dexteram eius partem, Sg. 17b2 . i noxil in tuib deiss of the right side, Thes. ii 254 . co súilib dessaib (: chennaib), SR 3671 . inna ndornaibh dessaib, Ériu ii 130 . a lámh dhes is a chos chlé, Acall. 1539 . in fath . . . ara n-abar cle seach deas, Lec. 533a31 . smitt a cluaisi dessi, PH 3115 . ocht cét lām ṅd.¤ do imdibe, LL 123a54 . na láma desa, Reg. San. Col. xxi . beannacht na láimhe deise, TSh. 272 . Hence as subst. ā, f. right hand, right-hand side (lám being understood): tria deis, Tur. 142 . for Dé deis, SR 1497 . Hib. Min. 10.323 . bith dia deis hi flaith nime, Trip.² 284 . réidig romainn . . . for do deis, Metr. Dinds. iii. 40 . ? ar des rig is ruirech, TBC-I¹ 2269 . suidhimse ar deis dreagain T., TD 11.101 . manais . . . ina deis, TBC-I¹ 3305 . a chlé fri muir n-Icht, a d.¤ fri bruig mbuan-B., Metr. Dinds. iii 190 . deis fri Banba, bél fri Bóin, Ériu iv 92 . a d.¤ fo-thuaid fri fuined His right northward towards the sunset (Christ on the Cross), PH 3321 . ná findad do chlé a ndingne do deis (leg. dess), 6081 . cor duinndeise fad ghruaidh a blow on thy cheek from the right hand (?), TD 3.41 . Combined with 1 s. pr. aff. dessum on my right, to right of me: Crist dessum, Crist tuathum, Thes. ii 357 (Hy. vii). Dia tuathum . . . Dia dessom, Hy. vi 2 .

(b) south (the s. being on the right to a person facing east). As prep. south of. In Mid. Ir. usually tes on the analogy of tuaid, tuath: i nDruim rig tes Taltin tréin, RC xxiii 312 . des Almain south of A., RC xxiv 54 = TFrag. 42 . i n-iath Cairpri des Bóinn, Rawl. 158.2 = ZCP viii 333 . des maig Midi (sic leg.), Fél. Prol. 226 . Cf. Desgabair (= s. of the Gabar ). Note also: do deiss Danuib s. of the Danube, LL 136a33 (cf. tuaith Benna Bairche n. of B.B., Hy. ii 29 ). See O'Rahilly, EIHM 462 . In various advbl. phrases: andess from the south, northwards: dolluid andes for Beluch M., IT i 106 . ro faith a ndeas, Todd Nenn. 138 . With FRI from the S. towards, hence to the south of: ruind aness (= frinn andess south of us), TBC-LL¹ 1215 . conid farcaib . . . andes i ndeisciurt Letha, Hy. ii 10 . D. mac D. do Ernaib Muman andeas, Acall. 207 . fo d.¤ , fa d.¤ southwards: fa d.¤ no fa thuaith, Wb. 29a21 . scailit uad fo d.¤ fo thuaid, LL 209a5 . do chuatar fo des dochum a tīre, ZCP iii 19 . dafáid fo d.¤ co Victor, Hy. ii 47 . isin dara míle ó Róim fo d.¤ , PH 1918 . roláis a n-ernail . . . seoco fod.¤ hi clithar B., TBC-I¹ 1774 . bodes is bothuaid, Acall. 2742 . do cuaid Padraic d'foglaim bo deas, Todd Nenn. 106 . luidh bu dhés, ZCP xi 212 . dēchais uaidh fo dhes, Moling § 33 . a chlé fod.¤ frisin ṅgréin His left southwards towards the sun (Christ on the Cross), PH 3320 (cf. ZCP ii 225 ). (mod.) an taoibh budh dheas, Matthew xii 42 . Cf. sadess.

(c) In fig. sense right, just, meet: nír d.¤ (or deis, see note) dait mo guin, TBC-LL¹ 3953 . ni deis re Dia dergmartra ar dáinib God does not deem fit, desire, MR 172 . nochar deis é le dreich nDē, ZCP vii 304 . an arra is deisse re feichemuin toicheda ināt a seoit fein which . . . prefers, Laws v 420 . ? nírbo dál deis, Metr. Dinds. iii 70.3 . Manchaigh as dáibh as deisi | sealbh inbhir na hÉirnesi they have the best right to the possession, 3 C 13, 453 . As attrib.: cūic bā dēc don deachain des (: ances), ZCP ix 171 § 3 . Dia deas, SG 21.41 . rogell C. cach ní ndes, BColm. 90 .

(d) By extension convenient, becoming, agreeable, well-arranged, neat, later pretty, fine: des cach suabais, Corm. Y 468 . folt . . . cass d.¤ drumnech, TBC-LL¹ 5173 . in t-aislingthe laind lán-des, SR 3350 . cēd matal mōirdhes, ZCP viii 116 . claidmi . . . dessa, Cog. 162.14 . mór a gcrábhadh deas a ndaonnacht, DDána 122.17 . gārda roidhess, Fl. Earls 78 . cos deas ó mbídh slacht ar bhrógaibh, Keat. Poems 203 . ro bo des leo, Lism. L. 1909 . ger maith leis . . . nochar deis ē le dreich nDé, ZCP vii 304 . is des tarla sin that has happened conveniently, Caithr. CC § 65 . go dtárla an ghaoth go deas dona death-ḟearaibh, ML 46 . do cuir fa aithne ar a manchaibh biadh . . . do beith co des acu to have in readiness, BCC § 230 .

Compds.

(a) ¤dorn: ní raibhi . . . d. gan dá manáis, Acall. 232 . a chúach 'na des-durn, Ériu iv 100 § 33 . ¤druim right of the central line (of Ogam): it hé a n-airde: desdruim, túathdruim, lesdruim, tredruim, imdruim 'these are their symbols: right of, left of, athwart, across and around the central line', Auraic.² 51 § 6,4​​ . ¤ḟertas: fil do desḟertais in charpait, IT i 320.21 . ¤lám: ca lín dofaeth dom deslaim, RC xxiii 420.10 . co scenaib . . . ina deslamaib, LU 3888 ( SCC 40 ). beannacht na deasláimhe, TSh. 9896 . deslām glēgeal, ZCP vii 304 § 9 . deas-lámh Dé, Dán Dé xxiii 38 . ¤lethan: in dá ech . . . deslethna, JRSAI lxxi 376.9 . ¤breth: nírbo deis-breth ná daig-bert, Metr. Dinds. ii 30.55 .

(b) ¤donn: co ndānaib domuin dess-duind, SR 2674 ( brown or ruddy in the south?). rinn . . . ina glaicc . . . da deasbualadh Ainnti-Crist (intens. to give A. a fine beating?), Lib. Flav. 32ra23 . ¤mass: as mo lāim degduinn desmais ` shapely ', ZCP xiii 8.8 (cf. GJ viii 49 ).

? dolar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? dolar or dil.ie/17998

 

ind is gabtha indiu in gabar bán | óir is d.¤ lán in muir, SG 243.32 (or leg. dol ar?).

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