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Albu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Albu or dil.ie/2890

 

Forms: Albain, Alpain, Alban, Alpan, Alba, Alpa, Albain, Albae, Albe, Alpe

pn n, f. n s. A.¤ , Goid. 77 § 51 (Dúil Laithne). Alpu, IT iii 33 § 7 . a s. Albain, AU i 278.x . Alpain, Trip.² 1891 . g s. Alban, Thes. ii 306.3 (Hy. i), Fél. March 23 (: ardam). Alpan, LU 6725 . d s. A.¤ (Alba, Alpa v.l.), ACC § 114 ( RC xx 280 ). Albain (Alpain v.l.), Fél. Apr. 21 . Albae (: ardae), Fél. Jan.8, June 25 . Albe, Imr. Brain 42.8 . Meyer, Wortk. 67 postulates an early form Alpe ( or io), but his exx. are not conclusive. Equivalent of Greek-Lat. Albion, see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 110 , O'Rahilly, EIHM p. 385 .

Orig. the whole island of Britain; later localised to North Britain, Scotland. See O'Rahilly loc. cit.; Fraser, SGS v 72 . ondlosbu .i. albu Scotia, Goid. 77 § 151 (Dúil Laithne). ar iffurn i n-A. omun .i. ar húamun iffirn do-chuaid i nAlbain dia ailithri, ACC § 114 ( RC xx 280 ). bendacht for Colum cille / co nnóebaib Alban alla, Thes. ii 306.3 (Hy. i). Colum Cille i n-ailithre. Prima nox eius i nAlbain in Pentecostén, Ann. Inisf. 74.2 . dar Alpain ... ar robo ainm do inis Bretan ule ollim Alban (glossators attempt to explain tar Elpai), Thes. ii 311.20 . for feraib Hērenn ┐ Alban, Cáin Ad. § 28 . for cūairt Ēirenn ┐ Alban ┐ Mannand, Corm. Y 1059 ( Anecd. iv 92.x ). muir iter Ēirinn ┐ Albain, 753 . i nAlbain túascirt la Cruthnechu, TBFr. 359 . atan-rarbadne a tír Alban ┐ Breatan, BDD² 417 . Aedán macc Gabrán ro gab Alpain ar éicin, Trip.² 1891 . imchosnom im rígi n-Alban ... co torchair leth fer n-Alban etarru, SCano 1 . fosén diangabh Aengus Albain (albanach v.l.) / alpu (alba v.l.) thulcach, IT iii 33 § 7 . Gruibni eces di Alpain, ib. luid ... do foglaim ecsi in Albain co Eochu echbél, LL 186a13 . cait a bḟuil in ferann sin (i.e. Arann in the firth of Clyde)? Idir Alpain ┐ Cruithentua[i]th, Acall. 332 . Druim nAlpuind (nAlban v.l.) name of the mountain range separating the Scots from the Picts, ZCP iii 463 § 18 (O'Rahilly loc. cit.).

Also name of a hill in Co. Kildare: mors Laeghaire for taebh Chaisse in campo Lifi etir in da chnoc .i. Eiriu ┐ A. a n-anmanda, AU i 20.5 .

See Alpae.

1 argán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 argán or dil.ie/4136

 

n = orgán: ro gab Albain na n-argān (: Gabrān) `of the organs ', Ériu xvi 164 § 40 (see p. 169 n ). ? son an argáin anis ┐ son an aeoir anuas . . . is ed doni guth a mbraigit, O'Curry 1441 (H 3.18, 644a). See Éigse vii 86 - 87 .

bélat

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bélat or dil.ie/5615

 

Forms: -e-

n [u, m.] later also -e- ? (cf. bel, bél, belach) place where several roads meet, crossway ; pass, frontier : b.¤ gl. competum, Sg. 24a6 . bélot loṅg `a pass for ships' (Notes), BDD² 304. fersat cath cach belato, ZCP x 43.5 . i mbelataib imcumcaib in glenna, CCath. 4843. belota .i. na bela uatha, Laws i 160.5 Comm. fri raind ┐ belada ┐ cricha, iii 22.18 Comm. síl goirt focertar forcertar (sic) fri belatu criche, O'Dav. 1046. Fig. way : gaibet[h] inn belat (beleot, v.l.) forsa tīagat huili .i. gaibet[h] dē[i]rc ┐ vmallōiti, ZCP iii 454.14 ( Celtica viii 76 § 35 ). In nn. loc.: erexit sé per Belut Gabrain, Thes. ii 269.33 (Ardm.). Cf. luid . . . for Belach Gabran , Trip. 194.8 . do Belut Alióin, LU 5383 (= TBC-I¹ 907 ). gur redigse[d] an Ruadhbheitigh ┐ na Belata, CS 332.22 . See Hog. Onom. s. bélat , belat, and cell bélait.

Compd. brisit dar beladcairdibh, IT iii 91 § 131.

dorar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dorar or dil.ie/18276
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: dóror, doror, dorair, ndorair

n orig. o, n., later treated as ā, f. but see Éigse x 193 . n s. dóror n-ard n-ídlach, IT iii 33.2 (dorar, v.l.). dorar (dorur, doroir, v.ll.) Muman, Éigse x 188 § 29 . a s. for doror ndonn, 51z . g s. dorair, Corm. Y 950 . d s. iar ndorair , FB § 71 . īar ndorair, Éigse x 189 § 34 . isin ndorir, Fianaig. 26.10 . Fight, battle, conflict, strife (a poetic word, less concrete in signification than 1 cath): d.¤ (.i. dochur) dusi (.i. trenfer), LU 8944 ( FB § 71 ). d.¤ .i. deabhaidh, O'Cl. conbuig d.¤ ndian, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 18.22 . Art fri dūir ndorair ndeirgg, i 30 § 34 . Mailruanaid . . . arching dorair ndualaig, Auraic. 5241 . co tucsat Lagin dorair doib for Gabrán gave them battle, Ériu iii 142 . ní rabe isin Trói nech dobérad dorair doib, TTr.² 1657 . d.¤ do lobraib foghnum do thrénaib, YBL 410b12 . dorat T. urcar n-amnus for amus Aicil co ndorair moir, BB 438b49 . ní rodlom dorair do saint ┐ cailti, ZCP iii 452.16 . roppo dorair dú forria imdha Coluimb cause of strife (?), viii 198.4 .

engaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. engaid or dil.ie/20088
Last Revised: 2019

 

v (1 eng) pursues, tracks: engfaidh do choin ... um Gabran 'thy hounds will hunt ... around Gabhrán', Leb. Cert.² 152.25 . engais Gabran cléir chachta | ...for slicht Lurgan, Metr. Dinds. iii 158.17 . engsat in muicc... | dar cach ndairbre, 408.11 , hence probably: eangsad [sic leg.] .i. dochuadar ar eing no ar lorg, O'Cl. s.v. eang.

1 gal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 gal or dil.ie/25277
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: gail, gal, goil, gal, ghoil, ghal

n ā, f. n s. also gail; d s. and a s. occas. gal. goil, IGT Decl. § 14.17 . gal (grēine) o, m. § 73 ; g s. an ghoil gréine, ex. 1564 ; d s. ōn ghal , ex. 1567 . Used to form vn. of compds. of 1 fichid, e.g. irgal, dígal, etc., prob. also in ecal (<*ek(s)gal), esgal (gl. [a]estus, Ml. 96b11 ). Possibly orig. sense is seething heat, passing into that of mental excitement or rage. Cf. vbs. 1 fichid fights and 2 fichid boils which are probably akin. See Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 521.

(a) warlike ardour, fury, valour: gail .i. beodacht, O'Dav. 1037 . ecal .i. cen gail, O'Mulc. 354 . ? gal .i. galar ... quia motat mentem , 614 . cruaid a gal, IT i 107.25 . am amnus ar gail ocus gaiscced, 142.1 . addaimet ... do gail ocus do gaisced, FB 11 ( LU 8150 ); in gal ┐ fiuchiud na ferge ... i n-erbruinnib na láech, TTr.² 860 . cor[o] islighea a ngal, CCath. 2493 . bái side bar gail ┐ bar fogail Ailella, TBC-LL¹ 2894 . TFerbe 372 . amail sóersai Daúid de gail claidib Góli, Fél. Ep. 484 . ní dechaid coll cána ar goil ... escaped his valour, ACL iii 304.4 . ba gaoth i ngal `he was wise in conflict,' Studies 1918, 281 § 11 . ba gal craidi leis perturbation of heart, Cog. 194.25 ; 72.3 . fuair bás ann do ghal retha from ardour of running, Acall. 1617 . ? nocho rabhasa fós ... bhaili bud gairdi rem ghal ná na mesc `where my time sped more quickly,' 1585 . g s. láith gaile fer nhÉrend, IT i 100.5 . lathus gaile Góedel uile, FB 89 ( LU 9160 ). do chomramaib gaili ┐ gascid, TBC-I¹ 1862. 2046 . ar nert gaile by dint of valour, TTr.² 55 . a n-n[e]urt gaile, 996 . cona ṡlúag lán gaile, Fél. Jan. 11 . re huair ṅgaile, Ériu v 223.54 . én gaile, see én . pl. feats of valour (?): ar gressaib gal, Thes. ii 293.20 . for gói gnaith sraintear gala battles are ever gained, MR 120.19 . nirbu Gabran cen gala | i n-aimsir meicc Murchada, Rawl. 84b40 . indsaighfidh gala, Lism. L. 2806 . a bhferga ┐ a ngala (ngalu MS) oc dula do chath, Ériu ii 130.20 . da mac samla galaib gliad, TBC-LL¹ 4053 . ar galaib dagḟer, Ériu v 222.39 . miser fiana iarna ngalaib, O'Dav. 1037. Content. xxx 35 . ō galaib ōenḟer, ZCP xi 109 § 21 . ar galaib oenḟer (—ḟir) by unaided valour (often = in single combat): ar galaib ōenfer roggōeta uli, TBC-I¹ 1522 . ar galaib oenḟir, TBC-LL¹ 1642 . in triar thuc Mac C ... ar galaib óenfer, BDD 94 . comrac for galaib oen-fir, MR 70.6 . gaibid ar gail challenges: rogab Gablach Fuiter ar gail, RC xv 323.9 ( Dinds. 23 ). Of animals heat, fury: fuil aidhe rogiallathar gail, Laws v 152.3 , with gl. in adh da ngialland a gail merachta, 154.11 . Cf. (among legal exemptions) slan do na damaib in gail doniat, iii 266.16 Comm. gala mathgamna ┐ brotha leóman, BDD 92 = BDD² 893 . Of natural phenomena, etc.: a gail co timm rothaisig (of a whirlpool) `he made feeble and faint its fury,' Metr. Dinds. iv 86.79 . ó chaitheasdair an ghaoth a goil `when the wind had exhausted its fury,' ML 48.22 . mar bráinṡnec[h]ta ó ghoil gréni, Ériu iv 226 § 51 . a bhfoil beo ní buaine | ná ceo re goil ngréine, Dán Dé viii 2 . ní bhí ag sruth ... guth ón ghal, IGT Decl. ex. 1567 . mar chuiris an ghrian a gal `as the sun doth send its heat,' Arch. Hib. i 99 . fo nim niabtha gal, AU 894 = AFM i 544.17 . congaibet gola (of waves), SR 7899 . Cf. further: gal a mbraighet the heat of their throats (from thirst), CCath. 2578 . ticc goil a ngrúaidh Núaladha a flush (lit. heat), IGT Decl. ex. 312 . Common in chevilles, esp. in g p. feochair ngoile, ITS v 40.10 . dígrais gail, PRIA iii 534.1 . dorairngert Curnán cét gal, SG 235.29 . cétaib gal, Arch. Hib. ii 93 § 18 . fichtib gal, TBC-LL¹ 3206 . línib gal, 3693 , Acall. 1582 . miad n-gal, MR 146.3 ; 132.15 .

Compds. ¤fine = fingal murder of a kinsman: bá himeccla lá hUa nD. gail-fhine do dhénamh dhóibh for aroile, AFM v 1406.4 .

(b) steam, vapour, mist: nírbo glac im gail it was not a hand grasping smoke (i.e. a futile achievement), Metr. Dinds. iv 10.17 . (Cf. dorn im diaid, O'Dav. 1586. ) bal na gaile oc a broth, Laws i 128.2 Comm. scaiblín ... cona gáblaib gaile `with its curls of steam,' MacCongl. 35.1 . do ling (i.e. an diabhal) in a ghal bhreun ... tré mhullach an teampoill, Eochairsg. 90.26 . fleochud, snechta co sirgail constant vapour (?), ACC Comm. ( RC xx 256.3 ). re gail nglūair ngil (of a river), ZCP viii 106.12 . sreabh do mhadhmuigh goil gheimhridh, IGT Decl. ex. 479 . téid gach iasg ré goil an gheimhridh | troigh i dtalmhain `from the heat of the winter,' TD 34.36 .

mén

Cite this: eDIL s.v. mén or dil.ie/31927
Last Revised: 2019

 

n i, (cf. W. min `lip') a mouth (poetic word).

(a) in lit. sense: mén bél, Forus Foc. 58. O'Cl. men .i. bel ut dictum est . . . mairg troich tar roï rēna | atchi mēna mac snāma, Corm. Y 948. engais Gabrán cléir chachta | m.¤ [mein v.l.] co n-abrán anrachta `with a frenzied chant in their mouths' (of hounds baying), Metr. Dinds. iii 158. ? do sil Luigdeach ba maith men (: laechNell), CGSH § 662.59 n. gg-gg​​​ .

(b) an opening in a coast, a gulf: m.¤ mára .i. bél na mara, O'Cl. mēn mara (: frēmh), Leb. Gab.(i) i 66.11 (= méin mara, LL 5b48 ). en-mhac Manannain don mhēn (: Dibél), ib. 184.13 (= don méin . . . dobéil, LL 11b16 ). a thuaig no telged . . . fri cach ména mórthuile `against all the flood-tide of the bay', Metr. Dinds. iv 226 = fri hagaid in tuile, RC xvi 76 - 7 .

(c) a sea-monster, whale? m.¤ mara .i. bleidhmhiol bhios isin muir, O'Cl. men .i. miolmór, Leb. Gab.(i) i 66 n. 8 . Prob. a mistaken inference from exx. like Corm. Y 948.

Compd. with vb.: co ménscaíled [in muir] ina ettrigib anfóilli was divided into gulfs, LL 219b38 = TTr. 195.

Cf. ménagud.

tairbert

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tairbert or dil.ie/39646

 

Forms: toirbhirt, toirbheart, toirbert, tairbirt, thairbirt, therbirt, tairbirt, tarbairt, tairberta, tairberta, tairberta, toirbertad, toirbheart, tairbert, tairbirt, toirbirt, toirbheirt, toirbhirthe, toirbheart

n ā, f. Later also o, m. vn. of do-airbir. toirbhirt, O'Cl. toirbheart, Eg. Gl. 607 . n s. toirbert, TTebe 881 . tairbirt, Metr. Dinds. iv 98.81 . a s. thairbirt (: airdairc), MacCarthy 174 § 3 . d s. therbirt, Ml. 46d2 . tairbirt, Rawl. 143a54 . tarbairt, LL 149a25 . g s. tairberta, TBC-LL¹ 3769 . n p. tairberta, Anecd. ii 35 § 16 . a p. tairberta, Tec. Corm. 16.71 . ? g p. toirbertad, BB 62a35 . IGT Decl. § 42 . As o, m. a s. toirbheart (: neart), Measgra D. ii 64.62 . d s. tairbert, BB 442a5 . g s. tairbirt, RC xvi 41.7 . toirbirt, O'Gr. Cat. 472.26. DDána 17.26 . n p. toirbheirt, TD 29.3 . Note also g s. toirbhirthe, Donlevy 258.20 . 260.5 . IGT Decl. § 25.

I inclining, bending; subduing, conquering: do therbirt dilguda dáe a dochum gl. ad inclinandum Dei indulgentiam, Ml. 46d2 . ? ar toirbeirt dīlghadha | don domnán c[h]é, ZCP viii 202.19 . t.¤ intslúaig | fo thuinn talman, SR 4123 . 5647 . ? tairbirt fo mám Etarcomol, LU 5687 . máth banaugra co sārtairbirt violence (?), Cáin Ad. 28.z and note. in choland ... thoirsech iar n-a toirbert tria áine ┐ abstanait, PH 4948 . fuair a thairbirt [i]sin treas | la Eochaid defeat (?), MacCarthy 174 § 3 . do t.¤ na cathrach to reduce the city, BB 442a5 . o'tcon[n]airc Césair na mór-shluáigh do tairbhir[t] co mór ré háilgius in catha `given up utterly to the demand of battle,' CCath. 675 . ag toirbheart chliar gach chineadhaigh `ag sárughadh (?),' DDána 114.38 . Cf. iar dtairbhirt a gceirt fa dhó `since they had twice won their rights,' Content. vi 104 . cen tairbirt unconquered: rosiacht in tarb cen tairbeirt, Metr. Dinds. iii 370.62 . do chosnom Temra cen t.¤ | re sluag nEmna n-airrdric, Lec. 221c19 = BB 192b47 . rigraid na nAirgiall n-amra | ... | can t.¤ o chath Conla, Lec. 292d6 .

II

(a) carrying, bringing, escorting: deich crainn do crannaib aenbéme, no tairberta (small enough) to be carried (?) H 5.15, 28a ( O'D. 1677 ). fer tairberta in condaid `the man who puts on (carries ?) the firewood,' Laws iii 264.18 . Cf. CCath. 1762 . artraigi iarna tarbert co lLianan Chinn Mara ships which had brought them, Ann. Conn. 1235.12 . cuirthear teaghlach úr le hEirc | go múr Teamhrach dá thoirbheirt to conduct her to Tara, DDána 71.15 .

(b) bringing forth, birth, pregnancy: Corc ┐ Cormac i n-oentairbirt ructha, LU 4405 . cid airdairc in tairbirt tren (birth of three Colla's), Metr. Dinds. iv 98.81 . is d'aentoirbirt ruc a bhen íat d'Eochaig, Cóir Anm. 104 . ni h-iarsma aen mháthar ... na aen tairbhearta, MR 144.16 .

(c) ministering to, serving with food: fáilti na lláma ic tairbirt in chuirp, LL 282a44 = YBL 138a19 . ? luid medon lai arabarach dia thairbirtsom, Anecd. i 8.4 . dligid a tairbirt gl. dligid a biatad, Ériu xii 18 § 22 gl. 2 .

(d) With cath giving, preparing, threatening battle (?) : no tuairget ín talmuin oc t.¤ ín catha, BB 495a3 = co airbertugud in chathaigthi `beim kampfeschütteln,' Alex. 721 . co tudchaid Aedan mac Gabran do th.¤ chatha umpu, YBL 126a17 .

(e) handing over, delivering: iar ttairbirt a thighearnais dia mhac, AFM vi 2220.2 . d'es Tairrdelbaig Ruaid da tarbert doib a ngill, Ann. Conn. 1373.5 . ní dar dtoirbheart do thriath oile | do fhuluing Críost Christ did not suffer only to cede us to another master, DDána 31.18 . ionnshamhail an firsin do thoirbhirt do Shátan, 1 Corinth. v 5 (1878) . ? Here also: fuair Madian a thairbirt thair `met his deliverance (?)' (of death), Ériu iii 196 § 14 . handing down, tradition: trachtadh, toirbheart `tradition, a treatise,' Eg. Gl. 607 . congmhúidh na toirbhearta [fúarabhair] `hold the traditions,' 2 Thessal. ii 15 (1878).

(f) deed, exploit, action, performance (?) (cf. airbert): tharla mér na hinghine iona láimh, gur bhen an croicinn ┐ an feoil d'áontoirbert dé, RC xxix 132.10 . ua tindisnach toirbert (tairberta, v.l.) an fhir sin (` passage '), TTebe 881 . ar tairthaighe a toirbertad, BB 62a35 . ? condar dimdaig diar tarbairt, LL 149a25 . buailte íte a tairberta | atearca a daerchlanda, IT iii 92 § 138 . is and airberedh bith a dalta ... ┐ nach t.¤ doberedh fuirri conōcbad in talmoin `every vigour which he bestowed on her,' RC xvi 60.15 . o Macha ... | gus in toirbeirt feardha feil, Ériu x 81 § 49 . ? gan chéill gan toirbheart ` intelligence ,' Measgra D. 64.62 . ? in-Egept daill t.¤ bren, SR 3951.

III

(a) giving, gift, liberality: toirbhirt .i. tabhairt, O'Cl. cíis Fáolan ag iarraidh ubhall do thairbirt don soiligh dó, BNnÉ 30.6 . tuc ... tairbert (-a, v.l.) set ... da Ampiaraus, TTebe 2408 . do thoirbhirt a thrócuire `to dispense his mercy,' Dán Dé xviii 31 . lámh neartmhar na dtoirbheart dtrom, A. Ó Dálaigh xviii 6. nir th.¤ ocus nir tidnacul enig d'Ulltaib ... esidein, MR 316.4 . Toirbheart an Uamhain de Dono Timoris, TSh. 401 . ? do bhí im ruire-se ... | toirbheart is oirbheart is aoibhne, Hackett xxxix 131.

(b) In religious sense offering, oblation: ní foláir le Dia neach do thoirbirt na díolaidheachta-sa asa láimh fein, Ó Héodhusa 56.7. an chuid is tuigsionuighe ... do thoirbhirt do Dhia, Donlevy 338.6 . gníomh toirbhirthe `act of oblation,' 260.5 .

As n. pr.: T.¤ a gilla, RC xvi 41.5 .