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2 a

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 a or dil.ie/3
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: á, e, a, a

In O.Ir. also á (see Celtica ii 339 - 40 ), e ( GOI 285 ). Poss. pron. (proclitic form of , q.v.) of 3 s. m. and n. (leniting), 3 s. f. (geminating) and 3 pl. of all genders (nasalising). When a numeral intervenes between poss. and noun the usage fluctuates. The older is represented by a nda ara. LU 4729 , the later by a da nduma, LL 1541 , where the initial of the noun is mutated independently of the numeral. The poss. of the third person is also used in combinations such as adám my two, adád your two, adár our two. Similarly with trí. See Ériu xi 146 ff. and the numerals , trí.

For the forms in combination with prepositions see the several prepositions.

I Denoting possession, ownership, relationship, connection, etc.

(a) a thuaithe of his folk, Wb. 5a23 . a bullu `His members', 9d4 . a chnámi, 4d15 . á luum `their pilot', 4a14 . irroimed cách a chéele, 6d4 (see céile). ní diá geneluch, Trip.² 78 . a hétach her clothes, TBFr. 232 . a mmod ┐ a fit `her portion', Mon. Tall. 149.14 (§ 60) . inna mbossán, LU 3231 ( SCC § 2 ). al-lorga ┐ a mbachla their croziers, PH 5103 . gan fios a gcéille, Donlevy vi 9 . co cend a seacht mbliadan till he was seven, ZCP xi 134. 31 .

With adjj. used substantivally. iss é a fír `that is the truth of it', BColm. 100.7 . ēill ngēisi . . . cia de bud ferr la hUltu a mbeō na a mmarb do brith dōib, TBC-I¹ 692 (perh. to be referred to II). bit lía a mairb and andat a mbí, LU 8266 ( FB 21 ).

(b) With copula in relative clauses expressing genitival relation ( GOI 321 - 2 ). Cf. issa gl. quorum, Ml. 90c3 . intí asa ainm bís isnaib titlaib, 2c3 . Tenobi ata (= ata a) scél ro-c[h]lotha `of Tenobius whose tidings have been heard', Fél. Aug. 24 . in fer asa erbaid aire, Trip.² 408 . bennachais in ríg bá (= ba a) gaisced he blessed the king whose armour it was, LU 5048 (TBC). an mhaighden-so 'sa hainm an Tnūith this maiden whose name is envy, Desid. 1652 . Occasionally also with intervening adj.: na féle assa fortrén taitnem `of the feasts whose radiance is mighty', Fél. Prol. 330 . ata (= ata a) n-aidbli bríga `whose vigours are vast', Ep. 34. nocon ḟetar cúich in Cu/Culaind asa caini clú, LU 4561 (TBC). Note also: a bronnad aineclann cháich as a aí the honour price of each person who owns it (of a mill), Críth G. 240 , ( GOI 322 ).

With dat. of accompaniment, a oenur, a ndíis, a triur etc., see these words. On the construction tá sé ina ríg see Dillon ZCP xvii 307 ff. and prep. i.

(c) With nouns indicating quantity, portion (of something), likeness, etc. (for fuller treatment see the nouns concerned): ni ro-pheccaig . . . a becc in the smallest degree, PH 2622 . a bheag nó a mhór do thoirthibh, TSh. 3751 . denum-ne a choibes ┐ a macsamla, PH 119 . a thri chomméit three times as much, LU 8248 ( FB 19 ). nochon accasa riam a chutrumma anything to equal it, TBFr. 50 . ní áirmhim a leth nó a thrían gach a fúaras ó sin siar, ZCP viii 220 § 22 . tria tharmcruthugud a letheti `the like of it', PH 3091 . ara lin do gablaibh i fodlait(h)er grā[d] túa[i]the, Críth G. 4 . is e a mét ro-s-lín oman, PH 1121 . a shamail-seo do clochad, 7328 . dā dabaigh décc do lionn maith/a thrí urdāil do deghbraith, ZCP viii 116.1. i n-urmhōr the greater part of them, ML². 1825 . So also with adjj. compounded with com- e.g. a chomglan so, Maund. 22 .

II As objective gen. with vnn. of transitive verbs: á híc `his salvation' (that he has been saved), Wb. 2b11 . a marbad `killing them', 4a12 . ní arilset geinti a fírianugud, `the gentiles have not deserved to be justified' 4d10 . a chomalnad `to fulfil it', 5d10 . ma ad-ced torbe inna thec[h]t `if ye should see benefit in its going' (i.e. in so going), 11b22 . a bronnad, Críth G. 240 . a indarpae `he must be banished', Mon. Tall. 147.32 (§ 54). dénam-ne an degaithris, let us worthily imitate them, ZCP viii 216.15 . dutracht lim a nguidhe I wish to pray to them, Ériu i 226. § 1 . ro-gab Petar uad-som a chairiugud Peter accepted his reproval (of himself) from him, PH 5892 . ada fis . . . araen . . . ada nanfis . . . imaraen, the knowledge . . . ignorance of both of them, Laws iii 276.18 . Hence in construction OC + vn.: occá sirḟegad imme anair, LU 2028 ( FA 10 ). aga thabhairt fo dera coimhéud na bochtaine, RSClára 41a .

With DO introducing agent: massu ed béso mó a fius dúibsi `the knowledge of it that ye have', Wb. 19b11 . act cuit a scribint domsa, 13a23 . ní fitir nech díb for araile a n-imchossait do Bricrind, LU 8251 ( FB 20 ). in pendit nopeinebad ind laoch . . . a denam do a mac tar a cend, Mon. Tall. 163.17 (§ 86) . With LA: ro aduim Sinoip a claí la hErcuil `that she had been defeated', Stair Erc. 1138 . With ó: ro-p áil dó a aimsiugud o diabul, PH 2020 .

With other nouns (with wide variation in the force of the poss.): a lóg the reward for it, Wb. 5d35 . a lúach soin don rí ní rug, IGT Decl. ex. 1271 . ricfaither a les do gille, Sc.M² § 7 (see less). dommanic amh a hadbur cause for it, Ériu v 72.15 . go dtugsad a rige do D. they gave the kingship of it to D., Ériu i 102 § 60 . bid lia turim a chath the combat for him, Sc.M² § 3 . nī cōir a chuma to grieve for him, ACL iii 221.24 . a húamun fear of him, ZCP viii 218 § 20 . co naca fir Erenn . . . a reir uaimsea so that the men of Ireland may see me submitting to him, Ériu v 240.132 . d'fulair a grádh ar hIrúath by imposing love for herself on Herod, Ériu iv 178 § 29 . ferr les a sidh na a cocudh `that he would rather be on peaceful than on hostile terms with them', Stair Erc. 1859 . a aitherrach sin do fregra, Maund. 27 . aenduini nach fuair a soludh who did not profit by him, CCath. 1188 . pontifex a grēc p. is the Greek for it, ZCP viii 113.25 .

As subjective gen. with vnn. of intrans. vbs.: á buid `that it is', Wb. 11d3 . a mbith samlaid, Laws iv 212.2 . a éc he died, Ann. Inisf. 1075.2 . a ndul coríg Locha Léin that they should go, ZCP viii 316.7 . in gabul tirimm a beth fo blath, PH 1317 .

III In prolepsis.

(a) With follg. noun in gen. a dénum in maid sin, Wb. 1d7 . a masse in choirp `its, the body's, beauty', 28c25 . a n-athir inna fer, 4c1 . a ndírmann / in tríir imrádam, Fél. Oct. 11 . a cathim na raod sin, Mon. Tall. 132.22 (§ 13) . a n-andord mac n-Usnig, IT i 72.4 . dia fholcud a chind, TBFr. 256 . romórad dano a ainm Dé ┐ Colmáin, BColm. 54.6 .

Later also with nom.: nipa mor a glanad deitsiu ind chomairle dobeir Findio deit, Mon. Tall. 154.5 (§ 67) . mairg dá dtig a seac[h]na so / an teaghdhais i dtá Íosa, Dán Dé v 31 . a innisin . . . na hoibreacha, RSClára 19a . With follg. DI (partitive): a foróil bess lib dinaib anib, Wb. 16c22 . is mór a thorbe de dúnni, 1a3 .

(b) With abstract noun forming adverbial phrase modifying verb of follg. rel. clause: is e a erat fritammiurat `that is the (lit. its) length of time they will hurt me', Ml. 33a1 . a lére ropridchissi, Wb. 24c17 . ba sed a barbardacht atraachtatar, MU² 494 . ara ḟoillsi ┐ ara imchuibde ro indis scéla Crist, Trip.² 13 . a imisle ro bui sé isin comlunn, Stair Erc. 1134 . a dhoimhne do chuaidh an cló, Dán Dé xxiii 24 . fo bhīthin a onōraighi airmitnighi rothaisspēin a s[h]upāilce mōrthrōcairecha dhōip, Fl. Earls 170.22 . In the follg. the phrase is adjectival rather than adverbial: a lomnachtaighe fhágbhas an bás iad, TSh. 657 . a threise atá an chlí, Dán Dé xxiii 10 .

(c) Anticipating a following clause. With finite verb: is mó a fius deitsiu a ndo-rigeni di maith, Wb. 30a8 . a dérbad co n-id fír na hí atberimsi, PH 2036 . a lorgairecht cionnus congbhaidhther . . ., RSClára 135b . a mheas gur dlisdionach, Donlevy vi 20 . Note also: aní rongéni ho gnimaib á epert, Ml. 31b24 . With vn.: dorucadar a buideachus risna deithib Ercuil d'iaraidh a n-ingine, Stair Erc. 937 . a thecht dim bas d'faghail don te, 2549 . a theacht de sin é do chailleamh an ghill, TSh. 10638 .

Common in compd. prepp., see dáil, 1 degaid, 1 deóin, dochum, éis, 1 muin, 1 son, etc.

astud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. astud or dil.ie/4546
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: astad, astád, astúd, astód

u, m. vn. of ad-suidi. Also astad, astád, astúd, astód. IGT Verbs § 64 , § 106 .

(a) act of holding back, detaining, keeping (in a place): cen nach n-a.¤ gl. sine ullo . . . adpensu, Ml. 15a15 . a.¤ gl. qui non digni aliquo aestimantur adpensu, 15c4 . in Satan aridralastar insin dot astad etir tuaid `to detain thee among the laity', Ériu ii 222.6 . dodechoid . . . inna diaid día a.¤ , Trip.² 2682 . Ui Neill ic triall a thabarta do A., Ulaid occa a.¤ occu, 3015 . ata-roí a n-astod (astód v.l., LU 6793 ), BDD² 308 . cen caemachtain astada, Laws v 468.32 Comm. rogabastár éssi astuda a ech, LU 6398 . ic arichill astuda na laédeṅg, LL 236a26 ( TTr. 1425 ). rogabh gá astadh a brat she took to holding him by his cloak, BS 6 . fastod na fola mista 'suppression of the menstrues' Ériu x 148 § 4 . Of holding back an enemy: a mbī ēcmacht / hūë nAirt a.¤ / ar cūl cāich / ni bu tlāith fri catha castud, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 39 § 6 . ? gabul asta echtranda, Laws iv 38.15 . astúd rurech, LU 4755 (TBC). ac trena.¤ fer ṅ-hErend, TBC-LL¹ 3195 . ? cachain in dail n-asdadha do Gaidelaib: gebat foss findgrinde (sung by Lóch who had undertaken to ward off the Fomorians), RC xii 102 § 141 . Of retaining, keeping (in service): do a.¤ inna filed . . . ar robas ica n-innarba (sic leg.), LU 300 (ACC) (corresponding to fastódh na bhfileadh, Keat. iii 1453 ). Note also: cia bet . . . carru . . . / oc breth imerge . . . / is astadh doib in aidchi sin / dia mberther bo cach aicme do rig `they may rest for that night', Laws i 136.6 .

(b) act of fixing, establishing: ni ar far n-a.¤ i n-ógi gl. [porro autem ad utilitatem uestram dico] non ut laqueum uobís ineiciam (iniiciam, 1 Corinth. vii 35 ) to bind you to celibacy, Wb. 10b14 . do asdud pectho . . . foir gl. adversus prespiterum accusationem noli recipere, to convict him of sin, 29a15 . astad caich in[a] sochar ┐ ina dochar `binding of all to their good and bad contracts', Laws i 50.30 . ni conberedh breth . . . gin teora ailche astudha cacha breithe, 24.23 Comm. is i cetna leac astuga cacha sealbha .i. is e in cetna ni amail lic astus dilsi caca feraind, v 498.8 , 500.2 Comm. ? ni fulangar cuccai go tairi no ast— uadh fri laim brithi in laa sin, Anecd. iii 24.1 . rucus oenfer do a.¤ for diis one binds (proves) against two (Thurn.), ZCP xv 327 § 19 ( xvi 221 ). rucside deichenbur ar fhichit dá fastud `to bind him in his rights', Ériu xi 48.2 . dligid āi a.¤ , Anecd. iii 14.z . ferr a.¤ (astúd v.l.) amaires certainty is better than doubt, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. 15.27 . co nastudh sualach, Lism. L. 2460 . do astad a císa ┐ a righi ar eigin foruib, RC xii 74 § 50 . a asdadh i n-aen .i. in trefocal, Auraic. 1027 . a asdadh a ndeichthe `its establishment' (of alphabet), 1022 .

Cf. fastód, fostad, aitside, astaithe, astaigthe.

bláth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bláth or dil.ie/6086
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: blas

n u and o, m., IGT Decl. § 38.

(a) flower, blossom: in cróib n-arggait fua b.¤ ḟind `with white blossoms', Imr. Brain 2. di bolod ┐ blath na lubi, LU 10641 ( TE 130.26 ). errach cen blathu `without flowers', RC xxvi 46 § 231. iarmibebat blatha, § 242 ( Rawl. 111b42 ). ac tebersin a mbláith ┐ a nduille `dropping their blossoms', Ériu iii 156 § 9. bolad . . . dia blathaib, ii 118 § 52 . concanad a bile ┐ a blaith fri tethacht na ngaeth, § 54. b.¤ na dercan, Airne F. 50. tuigithir blath inbith, Ériu xxii 41.z. ar a blath `for its (sc. the elm's) bloom ', Auraic. 5620. duille ┐ b.¤ ┐ mess, Metr. Dinds. iii 288.7 . blatha na fínemna, PH 4242. (of a miracle) in gabul tirimm a beth fo blath trómm, 1318 . na luibe ┐ na blata . . . ro loisced iad a comurta idbarta, Grail 3096 . an chnú ní 'n-a b.¤ beantair `in blossom', Dán Dé vii 15 . in brága mar b.¤ air- neadh, Ériu iv 218.6 . a mbeól a bláith beginning to flower, IGT Decl. ex. 992. teist . . . an fhéir nó an bhláith, Keat. Poems 698. i n-aimsir an bhlátha `in the spring', Keat. iii 526 . (plant name) nenufar .i. blath uisgce water-lily , C IV 2, 31 rb z .

Fig. (Brigit) in chróib co mbláthib, Thes. ii 325.20 (Hy. iv). (of the Blessed Virgin) ar n-éanchoillne fa bh.¤ `blooming hazel-tree', Aithd. D. 72.5 . (of Jesus) b.¤ fréimhe na fírinne, 75.40 . b.¤ fréime maicne Mílid `the flower of M'.s progeny', O'Gr. Cat. 372.10. cin blath na ndegním, Grail 1467 . (name of a metal) litairgi[r]um .i. blath in luaidhe `flower of lead', ACL i 328 § 88.

In follg. perh. fragrance: as follus nach as a blasannaib na as a mblathaib athainter naduiri na corp nadurtha ` odour ', Ir. Astr. Tr. 72.2 . ? ní-tháinic a-talmain fín is-comaith bladh ris, RC xxiv 376.14 (perh. leg. blas with Ériu ii 118 § 54 ).

(b) In other fig. or extended applications. bloom, (bright) colour; flourishing appearance, condition: olcus a blatha `his ill colour', Mon. Tall. 159.22 . ni bu messa de a blath, Vita B. 5. etach maith immi. b.¤ maith fair, LL 14558. b.¤ bruinne bran sheen (?), Ériu ix 46 § 14. b.¤ óir ara fhoircettlaibh (a saint), BNnÉ 281 § 267 . deich n-eich a n-uair blátha bladaig `in their prime and fame', Leb. Cert.² 120. ba maith blāth in claideb lat `see that the sword is kept in good condition' (Faraday), TBC-I¹ 934. do bh.¤ do chríon, a cholann beauty , DDána 1.15 . re faghbháil bháis do bh.¤ na hóige, Keat. Poems 130. co mblathaibh .i. co subhaltaibh, Stowe Gl. 261 , cf. 246 . (of salvation) dar bpeacadh do bhean a bh.¤ , DDána 3.21 . biaid cach mí dó inna b.¤ every month shall be prosperous for him (the just prince), ZCP xi 87 § 52. a b.¤ . . . ┐ a beathamnass `her prosperity . . . and her supplies', Ériu iv 148.1 . a hana, a himmed, a blátha, a bēta, 162.31 . séan 'n-a bhládh, DDána 93.28 . In phr. bláth banda menstruation : mailli re fuil mista darub comhainm asin innsgni choitc[inn] an blath banda .i. mar na tabhraid na craind torad gan blath as mar sin na tabhraid na mna torad coir gan blath, Irish Texts v 14.17 . do chifi an bean gnathaighes sin an blath banda, Irish Texts v 18y .

Compds. With adj. forsin ngas mbiroir mblathguirt of bitter-flowered watercress, Fél.² lxxxix 36. With nouns. blaith-bhile borrfadach Breagh `proud-blossomed tree', MR 96.2 . do bith fo brúch a bláth-buird `blooming bank', Metr. Dinds. iii 260.14 . do chloinn Bhanbha bhláth-bhuadha, Keat. Poems 1020. céad bláthchraobh ann re fhighe `bright strands' (of hair), Magauran 1865 . blāithfleasg `a garland of flowers', Eg. Gl. 684. ar bordaibh bruach-ṡoillsi blath-indber `beautiful harbours', MR 102.7 . With n. pr. bláth-Ḟergus prosperous Fergus, Ériu iv 98 § 28a .

1 brága

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 brága or dil.ie/6482

 

Forms: brág(a)e, bráige, brághat, brágha, bráighi, brághaid, braiget

n earlier brág(a)e t. Also bráige. Later f. g s. na brághat , IGT Decl. § 11 (54.13) , see also forms brágha bráighi f. in IGT s.v. 2 brága. Later n s. brághaid, ZCP v 211.5 (Midn. Court).

I

(a) neck, throat, gullet: bráge gl. ceruix, Sg. 50a10 . braga .i. bir-āga. Āige ainm bir. Nō bara āig í ar menci airlig na bragad, Corm. Y 161. braighe no muinél, SG ii 473.43 . to choise hi nglas, to braghat hi slabraith, Bürgschaft 23.4 (cf. Ériu xix 71 § 35 ). Morund nícon ruc breth cin sin ima braghuit `without . . . a chain around his neck', Laws i 24.25 Comm. gaī trīat brāgit . . . ro-loitt . . . féthi do brāgat, Sc.M² 14. in chráeb . . . eter in ṁbrágit ┐ in n-agid, Fraech 202 . ba gilithir snechta oenaidchi a brági ┐ a chnes, TFerbe 44 . ór fo brāigtib, ZCP viii 302.28 . láma cáich dib dar brágait a céli, PH 1697. íar nglenamain cnáma bratan in a bragit when a salmon bone stuck in his throat, LU 4058. tachtad ar brágtib, 2426 . ron tart a b.¤ (: cána) his throat dried up, LL 21168. bat itadaigh na braichti (braigde, v.l.), CCath. 2579. geal a bhrāighdhe bán a b[h]onn, KMMisc. 362.3 . do-ratsat a lama tar braigit araile ┐ ro pocsat a cele, Grail 1094 . dod bhrághaid bháin, DDána 19.11 . an bhrágha dar bhean a glas the neck she (sc. Mary) freed from chains, 7.10 . atá do bhráighe mar thor ibhori, Cant. vii 4. dá nathair nimhe . . . timchioll a brághad, Mac Aingil 2732 .

Of animals, etc. fo brágit cech eich, Fraech 28 . im braigit na cethra, Laws i 142.13 Comm. i mbrágtib na n-ocht mbiast (of infernal monsters), LU 2156 ( FA 22 ). gabhus sí an mhuc ar bhrághaid `by the neck', Oss. vi 142.21 . ar fairsinge a bragat of its (a raven's) craw, O'Mulc. 122.

Fig. of persons: brágha chatha Choirrshléibhe `the vanguard of the troop of C.', O'Hara 1472. (of a warrior) brágha míonmhaicne Míleadh, DDána 73.36 .

Attrib. g s. huball braiget ` Adam's apple, thyroid cartilage ', Bretha 2A . Cf. ar mheall do bhrághad, Keat. Poems 1195. fri huball brāgad in chon, TBC-I¹ 524. cnocc bráget see cnocc. anagaidh . . . tuitim an tsine Ṡeaain ┐ na cat mbraghat quinsy (?), C IV 2, 30vb 17 (see Études Celt. iii 368 § 8 ). esbada brágat, see 1 esbaid.

Of other parts of the body: a cur a mbragaid an lésa neck of the bladder, O'Gr. Cat. 272.9. do chuir an cenn ele don cengal ima bhraighid `across his chest', Stair Erc. 1961. le himurcrachaib na sróna ┐ na bráighedh `of . . . the lungs— the chest' (Gloss.), Reg. San. 21 § ix . ra tescfaitis lim-sa bráigte fer for bráigte fer `trunks of men', TBC-LL² 4708 . (in rhet.) crennait brain braigte fer, 4603 . Hence by metonymy body, person; life (?). In legal contexts: a feronn ria na braighid, a braigh fa deoigh `his land (is forfeited) before his neck, his neck last', Laws iv 264.14 . Cf. a ferunn re na braighe `before his person' (of the order in which distraint is levied upon a debtor), ii 40.25 Comm. co tuctar [a lan] log a mbraigit doib dar a cenn (of selling misbegotten children), iii 540.21 Comm. tri .xx. unga do or . . . ┐ lan logh braghad in treas oeitire `full compensation for the life of', AU i 560.13 .

(b) Extended applications: gabul fo brāigit neck (of a spear), Fing. R. 1011. a dhā c[h]raīsigh . . . co m[b]unc[h]oraib óir deirg im a bhráighdib, ML² 1485. darsin mbragait `over the neck' (of a harp), Lism. L. xiv 32 . braigit na linne millrace , Todd Nenn. 200.5 . (of a sea strait) isin mbráighit cumaing bui eiter in cuan ┐ in fairrgi, CCath. 1379. as don fhocal ēns[h]iolla sin goirthear `bráighe' i.e. the monosyll. at the end of even lines in metre sédna, Graim. 3638. In nn. loc. see Hog. Onom. s. braig- , bragad , bragaid .

II In prepositional phrases. fo braigit na Samhna `at the approach of', ALC ii 134.6 . fa bhrághaid Mhathghamhna in the presence of M., PCT 642. suidhe i dTeamhraigh 'na rígh fa bhrághaid Néill supplanting N. as king, Keat. ii 6263. do thogair D. an mac do b'óige don dís teacht fá bhrághaid a dhearbhráthar, 2841 . foesamh graid flatha tar braigit fini to the prejudice of (?), Laws iv 208. 25 Comm. manab tar braghait fine `against the will of', 288.21 Comm. gerruis clann R. an tslighe tar bhrághuid clann I. `made their way in front of . . .', Rel. Celt. ii 200.28 . tucastar . . . ceithri coisceimenda dochum araile tar braigit na sleg past, Acall. 4734.

In phr. gaibid for (ar) brágait takes prisoner or captive (? lit. by the neck, cf. 2 brága): gabaid [Ísu Críst] for bragaid Sattan, PH 3925. gabais ar braigtib eat uile `took them all prisoners', RC ix 16 § 6.

Compds. With adjj. Eochaid gunnat .i. Eochaid bragfhada, SG ii 473.42 . an gruaidhghil bind brágaitghil, Ériu iv 214.8 . As subst. an bhraighidgheal `the fair-breasted lady', O'Rah. 224.23.

cráeb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cráeb or dil.ie/12707
Last Revised: 2013

 

n ā, f.

(a) branch, bough; sprig; rod, wand; post : ni cech cnú fociṅg dia croíb, LL 19134 . etir moin céir ┐ craib, 34903 ( MU² 463 ). co tuca chroíb dam din chaírthend, Fraech 194 . aithsceinm craibi tar ais, Laws v 156.14 . colpach ína ngablaib, dairt ina craebaib, iv 146.23 (see gabul ). craeb . . . olachraind, TTebe 2007 . crāeb ola, ACL iii 238 § 8 . as craobh ria na bláth écc ind ḟir hisin (prov. of untimely death), AFM ii 1114.13 . Cf. ni coilte cra[eb] r[ian]a bláth, Éigse ii 184 § 5 ( LL 374c28 ). léiccis cráobha . . . lécciss coilcthi (? branches strewn for bedding. Poss. w.r.t. bracken or heather branches or perhaps a wooden (or wickerwork) bed-frame , Ériu xxvi 95 ), ZCP viii 198 §§ 16 , 17 . fo chiamhair chraobh `among the gloom of branches', BS 24.13 . craeb sidha a laim gach aeinfir dibh olive-branch , ZCP vi 48.9 . atait 5 craoba ar in luibh so springs, ACL i 332.60 . an té do-ní craoibh don chnaoi (viz. God), DDána 42.30 . is amlaid documlai in mac ┐ craeb airgdide uaso . . . Craeb óir . . . uasna ollamnaib. Craeb umai úasna filedaib archena a golden wand, LL 24227 . Cf. bun(n)sach. craobh conaire signpost , LBranach 1004 . craobh eóluis ar oinigh Aodh, 361 . mithidh damhsa . . . / . . . do chuir ar chraoibh, a chompáin to put away, to put aside (to an old cloak), Hackett² 31.26 , 29 . c.¤ luirg see 1 lorg . rod on which ogam was written: cairechtaire Gaoidhelge . . . sgríobhtha 'na bhfleasga ar chraobhaibh, Celtica i 97.309 . Hence: an carachtaire ele . . . goirthear ogham-chraobh (leg. ogham craobh ?) dhe, 306 .

(b) tree, bush : in chróeb i Cind Febrat, Metr. Dinds. iii 230.68 (? ref. to in t-ibar (sic leg.) of 49, 53). unnius i (? Í) Tortain . . . / unnius Uisnig . . . / tuitset na craiba, LL 27698 . teg mór ffer, ┐ ech, docum craoibhe Fert Luighdheach, Ériu xiii 44.10 . ealta minén ar fud craíbhe éigin, CF² 883 . táinic . . . amach as lár craóibhe = out of the midst of a bush, Exodus iii 2 . In phr. fo chráeib out of doors, in the open(?): encorach dicitur duine fossad fo craeph, O'Mulc. 398 (`or fochraib ?' ed.). codlaim fa chraoibh 'san ess, BS 136.16 . Of particular trees: C. Da Thi / . . . crand na sluag, LL 27692 . unnius im̄ Craeb Belaig Da Thi, 27683 . Craeb Uisnig, 27647 . For mod. le (ar na) craobhachaibh ` mad, crazy ', see Ó Cuív, Éigse viii 104 - 5 .

(c) In a wide variety of transfd. meanings.

Of persons: in chróib co mbláthib (of Brigit), Thes. ii 325.20 (Hy. iv). Áed . . . c.¤ chomlán do thennad túath, LL 17038 . in chrōib chāin chumra (a warrior), Bruchst. 122 . a chraobh bhíthe bhanda, DDána 80.28 (to a lady). craobh na rosg ruadh (of Conn), ML 122.11 .

Of locks of hair: a bháirr . . . na gcraob gcam, O'Gr. Cat. 456.7 . le hearla na gcraobh gcumhraidhe, DDána 109.8 . cíoradh na gcraobh, Magauran 976 .

Of weapons: crōib glec lāich ina lāmaib (description of Cú Chulainn in his chariot), TBC-I¹ 2571 . in C.¤ Glasach .i. claidem . . . F., Acall. 2192 .

Of a branched wand or staff from which bells were suspended: craebh sidhamhail . . . co tri hublaibh dergoir fuirre, Manners and Customs iii 317 n. 313 f. Cf. i. dxxxvii. eistecht risin ceol dogníd in cræbh, IT iii 193.22 . ro croith in craib Sencha ┐ contoíset Ulaid uli fris, LU 8421 ( FB 29 , H). c.¤ chréduma ra haird a gúaland (of Sencha), LL 35114 ( MU² 749 ). craeb ṡída ┐ forṡidaigthi Fian Érenn, Acall. p. 329.22 . Note further: ar mbreith bhúaidhe cheóil chraoibhe music of the harp(?), IGT Decl. ex. 1165 . ná déin dearmod don chraoibh chiuil, Bard. P. 46.8 . ó ṡeinm na gcraobh gciúil, TD 14.7 . glór bhar síodhchraobh seanma, DDána 68.21 .

Of branching decorative work, arabesque : cráeba cailce for a cliu (of a shield), Eg. 88, 19a cited Contribb. 503 . feilm óir na gcraobh gcorcra, DDána 75.40 . tre chraobhoibh do chuach n-órtha, O'Hara 4363 . craísech chráebh n-úaine, IGT Decl. ex. 1205 .

Of waves: ar chorp mar chraobha tonn, Magauran 1004 .

In sense of pedigree, genealogy, descent, branch of a family tree; scion : do fremaib ┐ do bunud ┐ do craébaib, BB 411a33 . ar bhfréamh chraobhei-ne ime, DDána 70.17 . cráobh do chin óna Collaibh, IGT Decl. ex. 1330 . Freq. c.¤ choibnesa, c.¤ geinelaig: cade a craeb choibniusa? pedigree , Metr. Dinds. iv 346.7 . a c.¤ choibniusa (sic leg.) fri Grécaib common descent (of the Trojans), LL 30859 ( TTr. 41 ). triúr anuas . . . / d'Anna sa chraoibh choibhneasa, Dán Dé xi 12 . craobha geinealaigh Gaoidheal, DDána 72.21 . See coibnius.

Note also: hi trūaill . . . findarcait ūas chrōebaib(?) a chnis, TBC-I¹ 2342 . deisme neómain im chét c.¤ (dees imomain im chet croeb, YBL), TBC-LL¹ 4958 ( LL 11620 ). ? cionnus lat tré chraoibh na cána / mac an tsaoir do rádha ris (of Christ), DDána 26.6 . cuanna arna threaghdadh a thaobh / ag cealgadh craobh uadha d'fhíon, Dán Dé xxvi 21 . gach craobh chorr, O'Hara 2444 (`each rounded limb'). craobh uaine ad shuil mar shamfhrais, Celtic Scotland iii 424 , xlii (`beam'). craobh barr-dheigh-ṡleagh a barr sin `whose glory is pre-eminence in sharp good lances', Content. xxix 17 . ? cach sathe díib rogab crúib, ZCP viii 308.20 .

Freq. in nn. loc.., see Hog. Onom .

Compds. General sense branching, spreading , but freq. merely for alliterative or other metrical purposes. With nouns and vns. 'san gcraobh-bhanna phéacach, Keat. Poems 304 (`flowing riband, branching band', Gloss.). fás a craobhchall, DDána 64.21 . craebcoroin . . . do nat[h]rac[h]aiph neimde, CCath. 4119 . craebdearca Conaill, MR 116.21 . atbath craobhdhos bhile mhóir, Aonghus, Keat. iii 707 (quotation). i torchair cain craebdus / Oengus ┐ Eithne (cheville), LL 23505 (c.¤ + dos ?). ós chionn do cheathra gcraobh-fhabhra branching lashes and eyebrows , DDána 114.14 . in chliat[h]sa ni craebhḟál `fence of branches', Gorm. 9 . tré chroeb[ḟ]odail, ZCP viii 307.1 (rhet.). craebhfhoghla . . . caibniusa tuath `genealogical ramifications', MR 98.14 . techtughudh . . . cu cruibh ime temporary fence(?), O'D. 2272 ( Rawl. B 506, 23cd ). arm áigh craoibhlíne ` engraved ', O'Hara 683 . tre Mhagh gC. na gcraoibhleas, DDána 74.50 . atād trī caoga craobh-ogham aguinn ogham written on staves, Celtica i 97.306 . Conall . . . uaind ro geinedh in craebh-shlat, MR 310.20 . laoch … craobhshūileach bushy-eyed Celtica xiii 42.103 . craebhthonna spreading waves(?), CF 926 .

With adjj. a Caiseal craebchorr, BB 60b40 . tré ghéarlasair chraobh-dheirg, Keat. Poems 351 . clanna . . . craeb-gasta, MR 118.18 . mar bhláth éadtrom chraobhghlas, Keat. Poems 288 . dreach craobhghoirthe `bright-curved', O'Hara 1907 . go Cliaigh gcr[a]oibhiodhain, DDána 109.3 . a ghruaidh chraobhnár mar chrithre, Aithd. D. 34.6 (`o'erspread with fiery blush'). in t-abhra réidh craobhnocht, O'Hara 4457 (`curving'). um chlár gcraobhsholus gCobhthaigh, Aithd. D. 16.25 . fuairshreabha an chalaidh chraobhshona, 4.8 (`tree-rich'). cuingeda . . . craeb-uaisli `free-born', MR 246.3 .

With adjj. derived from nouns: craibdig .i. . . . craeb-bethadaig (etymol. gl.), Fél.² xxxi 16 . go Cruachain gcraobhchollaigh, Aithd. D. 4.13 . clar-sceimelta . . . craeb-dathacha cath-sciath, MR 224.5 . in Craebhghlasach, claidem F., Acall. 2244 . dh'éis luit do chuilg cráoibhlitrigh, O'R. Poems 109 . na cromsróna . . . craebhshilteacha, CF² 288 . D. . . . / na sul ngormall craebhsuirgeach, IGT Met. Faults § 149 . gu Céis cráebthorthuigh Coruinn, Anecd. i 31 § 49 .

See cruibe.

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dá or dil.ie/14080
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: dau, dé-, dó, dé-, dó, dá-, dá, dai, di, dí, da, dá n-, díb, díb, dá n-, dá, dá n-, dé, dó, dá, dó, ar dhó, dó, dó, ndó, ndé, dí, dó, dó

num card. number two , preceding its substantive. OIr. m. nom. acc. gen. daᴸ , f. nom. acc. diᴸ gen. daᴸ , neut. nom. acc. gen. da n-, m. f. n. dat. dib n-, deib n- (Sg.).

Abs. dau. Cpd. dé- ( Zeuss 301 ). The mark of length is frequently omitted.

Wb. 2 c 21 . 4 c 12 . 4 d 10 . 13 a 9 . 18 d 9 . 20 d 5 . 24 b 22 . 30 c 17 . ML 2 b 11 . 2 d 2 . 14 c 6 . 26 b 14 . 26 c 1 . 26 c 2 . 31 b 5 . 34 d 6 . 38 c 16 . 44 b 10 - 11 . 45 c 9 . 46 a 21 . 46 a 24 . 46 b 30 . 46 c 30 . 58 a 11 . 67 d 14 . 73 b 3 . 74 d 7 . 75 d 4 . 77 b 11 . 112 d 1 . 131 a 2 . 138 d 1 . Sg. 8 a 11 . 16 b 6 . 32 a 8 . 45 b 19 . 106 b 17 . 120 b 4 . Tur. 2 . BCr. 3 c . 18½ d . 31 b 2 . 31 d 3 . 33 a 4 . 33 b 9 . 35 b 1 . 42 b 1 . 45 c 3 . Bvi 9. 22 . 23. 42 . Computus Vat. 12 . Thes. ii 238. 10 ; 238. 18 ; 240. 16 , 20 ; 249. 2 , 11 ; 253. 20 ; 254. 1 , 15 ; 266. 14 ; 271. 11 . (Cf. ib. 310. 33 ; 311. 30 ; 313. 16 ; 315. 39 ; 325. 5 ; 326. 24 ; 334. 44 ; 335. 27 ; 338. 3 ; 346. 43 ; 347. 3 ; 349. 11 ; 365. 1 ).

Mid.Ir. m./neut. nom. acc. dáᴸ, díᴸ , f. nom. acc. díᴸ, dáᴸ . m. f. neut. gen. dáᴸ, dá n-, dat. díb n-, díb; dáᴸ, dá n-.

Abs. dó (rhyming with óg, LL 155 b 50 . saebró, 156 b 43 ) Cpd. dé-. Mark of length frequently omitted.

MOD.-IR. ' dhá'. Abs. dó. Cpd. dá-.

dá with femin.: dá duain déc, SR 114 b . eter da láim, ib. 5996 . in da sreith, LU 119 b 29 ( na dí sreith, AFM A.D. 1156 ). itir a da láim, TBC-LL¹ 1604 LU (a dai YBL). itir da fert, 690 LU (dia YBL, di fert, 703 YBL). da ingen déc, LL 319 c 13 . Acall. 4090 . 4132 . 4171 . 4637 . ZCP ii 134 § 5 . BB 4 a 22 . 5 a 25 , 39 . mo da láim...mo da ṡúil, LL 147 a 30 . da rígráith, 15 a 14 ( = di r., BB 42 b 55 ). dá ráith, Acall. 4755 . 4757 . 4766 . dá sleig, TBC-LL¹ 1085 . 1780 Y. Cf. further Acall. 4090 . 1979 . 1897 . BB 5 b 29 . Lec. 336 a 21 . TE 4 Eg. RC viii 54 ; xv 203 (179) . Ériu v 208 . Todd Nenn. 126. 10 .

dí with masc.: in dí sceoil seo, Mon. Tall. 154. 26 . dí mér, ib. 150. 38 . dí macc, RC xii 94 § 123 . di each, Laws v 242 . di cháicait, Thes. ii 315. 39 . dí marcṡloigh, AU ii 62 . in dí Chonan aile, FDG 698 . dí salm, LB 251 a 37 .

gen. da'. Sliab Dá Chích nAnand, LL 144 b 48 . do thorad a dá lám, TBC-LL¹ 489 Y. BDD § 2 . §58 . §60 . Eochaidh dá ṁagh, Hy Fiach. 4. 8 ; 8. 1 . ib. 164. 13 ; 166. 10 , 16 . Tír da glas, TFrag. 134. 12 . dá n-: Elam na da nglassúl nglan, LL 192 b 39 . Acall. 5251 . imb deithbir na dá nuġ nurchoidech, MR 110. 4 ; 146. 11 .

dat. díb n-: na bu díb nechaib...napu díb lámaib LL 123 b 1 . isa dib noxalaib, TBC-LL¹ 1202 Y. díb: asna dib berlaib, Lec. 338 b 31 . TBC-LL¹ 178 . 523 . 1153 . 1160 Y. Ériu ii 204 § 22 . BB 10 b 33 . Lec. 342 b 3 . 356 b 50 . SG 257. 4 . dá n-: for da nechaib diana, LU 80 a 32 . TBC-LL¹ 1972 . fora da nechaib déc, BB 7 a 25 . dam co nda mbeind óir, CRR § 5 . for dá nócbuaib, LB 128 a. dán dáe : na da feraib déc, TBC-LL¹ 2910 . don dá thóisech déc, Ériu v 152 (126) . don dá chineadh, Hy Fiach. 106. 2 . isin dá dhligheadh, ib. 74. 2 .

Neuter dá n-: da nocht ṁbliadna, LL 128 a 46 . a dá nó, BDD § 88 . loiscis in gaeth mo dhá nó, Ériu ii 229 st 4 . mo da noo, Corm. Anecd. iv p. viii . 6 f.b. . da no pill, YBL 76 a 35 . dá ndroch, TBC-LL¹ 3391 Y. da nall ndualcha, FB § 45 . dá naill nórda, TBC-LL¹ 2560 Y. da nag, CRR 125. 5 f.b. . Replaced by dác (dá chét).

Nom. acc. dá n-: aireccar in da nech, ZCP viii 120. 17 . itir cach dá nánraid nincomlaind, MR 176. 5 . dá bráthair a ndá nathair, Anecd. iii 57. 24 . co nderna dá nordain de. TBC-LL¹ 2501 Y. da noss (nom.) LL 246 b 40 .

dé. Instances of a form dé are: na de lurgain (nom.) BDD § 2 LU. eter dé notlaic, Mon. Tall. 138. 30 ( = dí n., ib. 22 ). a dé láim, ib. 150. 16 (acc.). mo de no, Corm. 1059 Y. (nom. neut.). Cf. further Laws i 228 . O'Don. Suppl. s.v. cuae .

Abs. dó (dau) after the definite article: inna dó aili the other two Rawl. 147 a 50 (cf. inna dau sa ón, Ml. 31 b 5 ), and in the prepos. phrases mentioned below. Elsewhere always a dó (Mod. id.): a dó dá cóic twelve Rawl. 147 b 51 ( = LL 146 a 5 ). a dó nóchat ninety-two ZCP iii 18. 13 ; cf. a dáu coicat fifty-two BCr. 42 b . a dó ille ┐ a dó anund, Corm. s.v. deach . a dó díbhsin, Lib. Flav. ii 15 b 2 . 13 . OCT 5.5 . —a ocht do do Domnall ten (sc. years) LL 182 a 5 .

PHRASES: dib línaib on both sides, both . ba miscuis atroilliset dib línaib they had both deserved hatred, Wb. 4 c 15 . 5 d 38 . 9 d 5 . Sg. 6 a 3 . a mbátar ina tig dib línaib, TE 10 LU. dún d.l., SR 1782 . foraib d.l., FDG 63 . eturro d.l., Cog. 178. 9 . doib d.l., 23 E 26 p. 13 .

cechtar (nechtar) dá líno each of the two, Sg. 162 b 2 . Laws pass. , v. 1 lín.

cech dá distrib. laeg la cech da boin ┐ nasc créduma eter cach da laeg, LL 51 a 18 . itir cach dá nánraid, MR 176. 5 . itir cach da chur, 176. 11 ; 178. 13 .

ar dó (i.e. ar dhó) in two: randsat Hérinn ar do, LL 17 a 28 . ata crand in gói...arna roind ar dó, LB 158 a 28 ; ib. 125 a 1 . TFrag. 136. 13 . cor briss a druim ar dó, Acall. 2161 . ib. 2340 . 4486 . 4872 . 6943 . 6998 . Ériu iv 61 (ar dhó). ar a dó id.: doscoilt a sciath ara dó, RC xix 38 § 43 . dogerr M. ara dó, ib. 154 § 137 .

dar dó id.: ruraind Hérind dar dó, LL 261 b 30 . robriss a druimm dar dó, TTr. 2048 . CRR 51 ; = ar dó, Acall. 2161 .

i ndó id.: romemaid i ndó, Mon. Tall. 157. 9 . Sab rainni Hérend i ndó: Escir Riadda ní roengó, LL 155 b 50 . rorand Muir Romuir i ndo, 154 a 39 . 288 a 18 .

i ndé id.: commemaid a druim i nde, LU 20 b 18 . commebaid in claideb i nde, TBC-LL¹ 1305 1328 Y. rosrand in ninse i ndé (LU; ar do YBL) RC ix 4801 ; xxv 346 . Laws i 130. 25 ; ii 80. 17 ; iv 142. 14 ; ii 190. 12 (i né). YBL 114 b 46 . roscáilted i ndé fíal in tempail, LB 247 b 18 .

fo dí twice : Wb. 24 b 22 . FB § 81 (later co fo dī, Rawl. B 502 84 b 34 . See co bo dō below). fichi fa dí forty LL 181 b 19 . 127 b . fa di, Thes. ii 335. 31 . ba di, TFerbe 676 . fo dhí, AFM v 1334. 21 . BS 28. 6 . coeca laech fo dí twice fifty warriors LL 154 b 6 . a uaig dil fo dí O grave twice dear LU 119 b 41 . ba liach dhún fo dhi it was doubly piteous to us B IV 1, 84 b . Trans. RIA iii 538 § 37 . SG 310. 17 . ZCP viii 104. 17 .

fo dó déc twelve times MR 242. 8 . Acall. 4730 .

co bo dó twice : dá dagmac déc cobo dó: sét co soblad ní saebró twenty-four LL 156 b 43 ( coba do, BB 382 b 23 ).

I Two: dá macc, dí ingin, dí birit, dá nó.

II With following comparative twice as : ba dhá bhrónaighe é an oidhche sin ná an chéad oidhche, Éinín Órdha 63. 19 . dá ṁó twice as great: dochonairc meisi gan gó bean as ba dhá ṁó a beann, GJ vi 76 . Corresp. to Mid.-Ir. fo dí, fo dó.

LOC. (In some of the following Da = Do in hypocoristic names) Cell Dá Druim, C. da Chamóc. Cluain Dá Baetóc, C. Dá Chaillech, C. Dá Chrann, C. Dá Dam, C. Dá nEch, C. Dá Én, C. Dá Ḟiach ( LL 318 a 59 ), C. Dá Gamna, ZCP x 362 , C. Dá Locha, C. Dá Mael, C. Dá Ochra, C. Dá Thorc. Fosad Dá Gort. Glenn Dá Bocc, G. Dá Buaile, G. Dá Chon, G. Dá Dub, G. Dá Gruad, G. Dá Locha, G. Dá Lon, G. Dá Maige. Inis Dá Cháirech, I. Dá Dromann, I. Dá Mael. Loch Dá Chaech, L. Dá Dall, L. Dá Dam, L. Dá Éices, L. Dá Én, L. Dá Gabur. Mag Dá Chainnech, M. Dá Cheo, M. Dá Chlaine, M. Dá Chonn, M. Dá Doss, M. Dá Eo, M. Dá Gabul , M. Dá Gabur, M. Dá Gés. Sliab Dá Chích nAnand, S. Dá Chonn, S. Dá Chúl, S. Dá Duma, S. Dá Én, S. Dá Glass, S. Dá Thorc. See Hog. Onom.

do-foirndea

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-foirndea or dil.ie/17657

 

Forms: dofoirndea, dofoirnde, dofoirṅdet, tofhóirndet, tóirndet, dofhoirde, dofhoírdet, tornebad, tororan-som, dosrorann, dosrorainn, dofoirndither, thórnter, dufornditer, tórann, toirndide, toirndithi, dufoirndither, rothairind

v (* to-fo-rind-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 603 ). Indic. pres. 3 s. dofoirndea, Ml. 2d2 . dofoirnde, Sg. 59b1 . 3 pl. dofoirṅdet, Sg. 26b16 . tofhóirndet (rel.), 72b5 . nád tóirndet , 25b12 . With omission of ¤n-, dofhoirde (3 s. rel.), Sg. 203b4 . dofhoírdet, 203b11 . Condit. 3 s. tornebad, ZCP viii 306 . Perf. 3 s. tororan-som, Ml. 29b8 . dosrorann, SR 4422 . dosrorainn, 152 . Pass. pres. s. dofoirndither, Tur. 55 . thórnter (rel.), Sg. 59b18 . pl. dufornditer, Ml. 65c16 . Vn. tórann.

(a) expresses, signifies (usual sense in O.Ir.): gl. significare, Sg. 59b1 , 18 ; exprimere, Acr. 11c3 ( Thes. ii 5 ). inna trisecht tra dofoirndea sin in treodataid, Ml. 2d2 . dufornditer a ngnimae inna rig tri delba ban the deeds of the kings are represented by figures of women, 65c16 . tororan-som trisin doit in gním gnís in do[i]t, 29b8 . is aimser derb dofoirnde inna hilur (the word `dies') expresses definite time in its plural, Sg. 66b10 . dofoirnde in son ┐ a folad inchoisig expresses the sound and the substance which it signifies, 9a12 (`it determines the sound'). is he candadas inna ndegnimae són . . . dofoirndither trisin mbrat find, Tur. 55 . in brat-sa is ed doforne co mbēra-sa mac (interpretation of a dream), Lism. L. 798 . imrum Maelidūin dofóirne rūin richid rāin, Anecd. i 74 § 223 . ised doforne na .v. bairgena iar sians .i. na .v. oessa in domain, LB 149a6 . cid doforni sin, a chleirigh? what do you mean? BNnÉ 306 . cid toirnes gāir gāithi, Hib. Min. p. 39 . tucad int ainm sin iarsin n-inde thoirnes, PH 6934 . na dā descipul . . . issed dofornet sin, 4551 . atat cethri forcométésa . . . asa tórniter rúin ┐ sians, 3510 . amal rothoirned comach a chuirp . . . tria brissed na bairgine, 5315 . ? a cossa ┐ a llama in .l. eolach dosruarannsom which he indicated, BB 495a42 .

(b) traces, marks out, delimitates (a design, site, etc.); common meaning in Mid.Ir.; for transition cf. follg. exx. from glosses: toirndide (part.) gl. templum auro et argento distinctum, i.e. marked out, Ml. 143c1 . toirndithi descriptos (toros), well-defined (muscles), Acr. 26v3 ( Thes. ii 8 ). dufoirndither gl. (tuum mihi nomen . . . in contumeliam pudoris) impingetur, is brought against one as a disgrace (the Ir. may mean is made to express or possibly glossator connected impingere with pingere = paint, portray), Ml. 86a2 . Hence: dofornde P. crois isind licc cona bachaill, Trip.² 857 . dobert C. a sleigin do ┐ doforne ogum n-ind, IT ii1 178 . indelba .i. anmand na n-altora . . . arindi dofornitis intib delba na ndūla adortais, Corm. Y 752 . co roroind (toroind?) sigin na crochi i fragid in tempuil, PH 2095 . With transference of obj.: gabul ina laim ┐ da beind eisti ┐ doforni oen na n-aisill isin luaith he traces out (a circle with) one of the legs (of the fork), Ériu v 72 . Esp of a site for building: tair cuccum . . . ┐ toraind in reclés, Trip.² 970 . dororaind Patraic Ráith nAirthir, 953 v.l. (doraind, text). in glóruill . . . | dosrorainn i coic [c]ressaib marked it out into five zones, SR 152 . bid amne ind eclas . . . | feib dosrorann int ardrí, 4422 . daroraind fot ┐ lethet ┐ airde ina heclaisi, PH 6352 . is e toirrnebhus mu relec (= cemiterium designabit where meaning seems rather will retrace, point out ), Lat. Lives 112 = ise foillsigfides moligisea, ┐ tórindfess morelicc, Three Hom. 100. 8 . eirgid in clerech ┐ tornid in chill, ZCP xiii 26 . conid he roclaidh ┐ rothorainn (dororaind, v.l.) an cill, BNnÉ 300 § 2 . toimhsis ┐ tóirnis a tempull, 207 . rothórainnsett an chill ┐ an relecc, 14 . co rothóraind si dóib in dún cona heo, RC xvi 281 ( Dinds. 161 ). Macha, is lē rothornedh Emoin, 45 ( Dinds. 94 ). rochum cathraig . . . dia luirg rostorna is dia deilg, Metr. Dinds. i 6 . tóraindter rátha . . . lib damsa, RC xxvi 132 § 2 . dofóruinn impi tóraind na ratha, ACL iii 326 . toirneas an tiprait, Lism. L. 967 . for Feicc doroirned ar lecht, Fianaig. 10 § 4 . Occasionally confused with do-airindi lowers: co rastocaib ┐ co rastoraind he took it (the statue of Saturn) up and set it down again (for rastairind), LL 230b1 ( TTr. 975 ). rothoraind a rosc forsna huigib, MR 24 = rothairind, FDG 171 . See also do-rinda.

echtranda

Cite this: eDIL s.v. echtranda or dil.ie/19570
Last Revised: 2019

 

adj io-iā (echtrann) extern, foreign: trenib fine foglaigthear | gabul asta echtranda, Laws iv 38.15 .

ona cinedaib echtrandai, BCC² 220.42

. As subst.: dochotar martra la hechtrandu, RC ix 20.1 . i ccaidreabh fhian n-eachtranda, Studies 1919, 255 .

eirredacht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. eirredacht or dil.ie/19837

 

n the position or function of an `eirr'; opp. to aradacht: confacatar in carpat...Laogh ina aradacht ┐ Cu Ch. ina erredacht (v.l. airidecht), Anecd. iii 51.14 = LU 113b29 . Hence championship: erridecht ar armaib, Ériu viii 8.2 . treidhi ar a neimteanaithear laech: cathcles cu focheardaib...eirridecht co tri fa tétaib .i. a eirridecht do denum do co tri tétaib fai .i. tét ana gabul ┐ tet ceachtardo da ladhair ┐ dul do ar in fairrgi amlaid sin, O'Curry 1875 < 23 P 3, 23 (21)a Comm.

fodirc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fodirc or dil.ie/22606

 

adj i (cf. derc `eye,' dercaid `looks') in Mid. Ir. also foderc. Visible, conspicuous: conruptar fadirci ind usci (= ut aquarum meatus appareant) Ml. 40d16 . is foidirc (v.l. fodeirc) dūin[n]e di Cornail centuir `that is conspicuous to us from Cornelius' Hib. Min. 11. 353 . co mba fadirc os ler lán in charrac cach leth, LL 278a9 . bá fodeirc dó folés na farrci foa gabul , LU 9061 ( FB 81 ). comtar foderci renna nimi fon fraigid, LU 8373 ( FB 25 ). foderc fiad cách, Metr. Dinds. iii 144.11 . re ré mac Mílead ... robsam fíadnaiseach fodeirc, Ériu iv 152.4 . cobba foderg dona feraib taīdleach ind ōir, BDD 1 (aideirg St). trēdhi tresmbi foidherc diabol tri duini: tria gnuis, tria tochim, tria labrad, ZCP iii 453.20 . a nochtadh ... co mbo fodherc do chach (of a banner) AFM v 1588 . As subst. a thing visible, a view (?): cid arin sruithiu in descertaid ? ... Fobith isi a foderc don fer maith bis isind leth tigi antuaid this is what he sees O'Curry 810 H 3.18 p. 374b `Because it is it that is in the view of the good man who sits in the north end of the house' O'C., Manners and Customs iii 29 ).

Cf. foidreich.

folés

Cite this: eDIL s.v. folés or dil.ie/23094

 

n (lés `light') a dim light, a glimmer (?): ba fodeirc dó f.¤ na farrci foa gabul (descr. of a giant) LU 9061 ( FB 81 ; `das Flimmern des Meeres' Thurn. Sagen 48 ).

forgabul

Cite this: eDIL s.v. forgabul or dil.ie/23651

 

Forms: forgabal

n ( gabul ) an additional branch or offshoot of a tribe, a settlement (sent out from it?): remtus la sil Rosa F. a forgabail ┐ a ndeoraid i lurg in aenaig ut sunt Laigsi ┐ Fothairt `dependent branches' Dinds. 18 (= LL 215a8 . forgabal, BB 360b1 ).

Cf. ro thormaighetar na toirthe co nach fuilngitis formnada forghablanna fiodhbaidh fothaibh `forked supporters' MR 100.17 . Cf. gablán.

fuarcne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fuarcne or dil.ie/24666
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: fuargni

n f.¤ .i. crechtach ut est gabul fuarcne .g. .i. lum [leg. luin ?] gablach fuargni , O'Dav. 842 . Stokes suggests that it `may be ... gen. sg. of fuargun a compd. of fo and orgun'. Cf. ? fo-oirg.

2 gá

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 gá or dil.ie/25018

 

ind = oca, see oc : ga ḟurmiáil, TBC-LL¹ 5713 . in gabul ... gá farcgaib, 786 . ra bai gá rád, 3486 .

1 gabal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 gabal or dil.ie/25032

 

n a fork , see gabul .

2 ? gabal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 ? gabal or dil.ie/25033

 

n tribute, tax ? (A.S. gafol, `rent tax, due'). ro boí rodgabáil ┐ salanngabal for Árainn, Anecd. iii 60.24 . a lethgabol étaig do brutt no da léinid no inur `half of clothes for mantle or for shirt or for tunic,' Ériu i, 220 § 14 and 224 note ( H 3.17, c. 854 ). leth-ghabhul diabalta d'íc ris (for example, in the relation between a `flaith' and a `céile' if the fief consisted of stolen property and if the `flaith' knew, but the `céile' did not know, the latter is entitled to separate, and the `leth-gabul d.' is to be paid to him in addition to `eneclann,' apparently a specific fine), O'D. 2262 ( Rawl. B 506 f. 21c ). See also Laws Gl. s.v. leth . May be cpd. of gabál, q.v. sét gabla, a minor chattel, MacNeill, Law of status 275, n. 3 . A sét of the lowest value, contrasted with the normal sét (= a samaisc) and the highest (clithar-sét = a milch cow or a ploughing ox). aen set gabla diri fochlaccain, Laws v 58.16 . Defined : sēt gabla ... is e as laigheam and .i. dartait firend ┐ colpac[h] bonend, nō colpach firend ┐ dartaid boinend, Corm. Y 209 (s.v. clithar sēt). cach tris sēt sét gabla, samaisc alaili, lulgach nō dam timchill arathair araile (i.e. the three séts in rising gradations, of which the highest is the `clithar-sét' or `king's sét'), ib. Same definition, Ir. Recht (Dīre) § 6 . Cf., however, set gabla .i. samusc ┐ colpthach firenn no cetloegh ┐ colpach boinen, O'Curry 506 ( H 3.18, p. 257 ). brosna do setaib gabla, Laws i 478.25 Comm. Cf. cuic seoit ..., acht it seoit gabla, Laws iv 144.32 Comm. Often gl. in Comm. by gablaigid, q.v. Cf. v 58.16 , 18 ; 388.4 , 14 ; O'Curry 618 ( H 3.18, p. 299 ) ; O'Curry 1454 ( H 3.18, 658a ). gabhla flatha forbach .i. ate forbuain gablaighthear don fhlaith sech gach duine is isle inás levy-shares are the taxes of a lord, O'Curry 1623 - 4 ( 23 Q 6, p. 7b ). O'Gr. Cat. 81.6. The earlier examples here may be attributed to gabál and the remainder to gabul , so that the word is doubtful.

gablach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gablach or dil.ie/25047
Last Revised: 2013

 

( gabul )

adj I o,ā branching, forked, pronged: hi crund gablaigh (leg. gablach), Anecd. i 66 § 135 . tír na cliath ṅg.¤ LL 136b13 . dá ech gablaich sinuous (?): LU 8593 ( FB 45 ). 10200 (TEm.). bruid ... gablacha peaked (?) cloaks, RC xxi 152 § 8 . ín gae sin gabhlach, forked (?), IT iii 97 § 156 . Of hair. ód chéibh ghéagánaigh gabhlaigh `waving, parted locks,' TD 14.21 . Fig. Críth Gabhlach (name of a law treatise): cid ara neiperr C. G. ? ... ar a lin do gablaibh i fodlait(h)er grá[d] túathe, Críth G. 1 . glan gablach | aue Luircc rich in descendants was the grandson of L., Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 23 . ? long lúaichet fer ng.¤ fíangalach, LU 6791 (= BDD² 305 ). Mor ua Dubthaig drongo[blaig] (i. ... dronchoibnes[saig nó dron-]diglaig), ZCP iii 224.1 ( LB 241a53 ).

See also dé-gablach, fo-gablach.

II n ā, f. a forked branch; a javelin; the forked shaft of a sling (?) (see SCano 29 and Anecd. below): ber lat in gablaig-se, Anecd. i 8.18 . sian ... na foghaid ┐ na ngabluch, RC xii 98.20 . gae ocus gablach, g.¤ ocus gai, IT iii 97 § 156 . ? gabul fuarcne .g. .i. lum gablach fuargni .i. crechtach, O'Dav. 842. Cf. `gabhla, spear, lance ,' O'R. Poems Fig. Gablach gliad `a contentious pair,' Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 30 § 36.

gablaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gablaid or dil.ie/25049

 

Forms: ghabhladh

v ā ( gabul )

(a) branches out, spreads (intrans.): sil Gaidil gil gablas, Fél. 96.33 . fuil Chuinn do ghabhladh na gruaidh, Rel. Celt. ii 232 (vn. ?).

(b) pays as rent tax?: leth inech gablathar do flaith cétgiallna, O'D. 512 ( H 3.17, c. 416 ).

gablaigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gablaigid or dil.ie/25050

 

Forms: gablugadh

v ( gabul )

I Intrans. branches off, esp. of a family or genealogical tree: cinnas rogablaigset clanna Noe, Rawl. 69a20 . an chlann sin is ar ghabhlaigh uatha, Hy Fiach. 122 . na géga oda gabhlaigheadar .i. Cland Ceallaigh, Hy Maine 138.15 . aenfine iat araen ... ┐ ragablaighset iat, O'D. 2259 ( Rawl. B 506, f. 21a ). gaibhleochaid ┐ craobhsccaoilfidh cinedh ... an fir, BNnÉ i 234 § 152 . Vn. do gabhlughud na droinge fá huaisle do Th. D.D., Keat. i 216.13 . Of the forking of a river: is aire ainmnigther Gabul dind abaind ar in gablugud dogní sí irRind dá Chluana .i. Cl. Sasta ┐ Cl. Mor, LL 159b12 (= Dinds. 11 ).

II Trans. divides, distinguishes (?): aen do na setaib gablaigter and, Laws v 58.18 Comm. (gl. aen set gabla, 16 ). Pass. part.? lethi uinge na tri set gablaigthe ann, 388.13 Comm. Vn. breithemnaigter sét do gablugadh for muin a eneclainni, iii 458.23 Comm.

1 gablán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 gablán or dil.ie/25051

 

Forms: goblán

n goblán (dimin. of gabul ) o, m.

(a) a fork, a branch of a tree: tucus gablán ... dom thig, LL 284a43 . gabhlan findchuill ina lāim, Ériu xii 144 . x. na bili trī ng.¤ ngeal, ACL iii 242 § 13 . do chuir sí amach ... a gabhláin, Psalms lxxx 11 . In n. l. Doire an Ghabhláin, AFM ii 1106.6 .

(b) a branch or offshoot (of a family or race); a scion: imda gablán do chloind Chuind ... Conn is ceand dá n-gablanaib, Hy Fiach. 176.6 . Domhnall ... ceand a ghabláin fein, AFM v 1460.6 ; 1504.1 . fíorghabhláin ar bhfiodh bhaidhe, Content. xxix § 27 . ? iomdha gobhlán (sic leg.) as ar ghin, Dán Dé xxii 34 . oidhedh cloin[n]e Huisneach ... gobhlān (sic leg. ?) oinig na Heirionn, IT ii2 144.575 . gobhláin sa ceird do chaithis `branches whose art thou didst enjoy,' Studies 1922, 411 § 16 .

(c) a branch or division of a subject: an treas gobhlán don Gháoidheilg, 23 D 14, 53.2 . atáid leamsa ... sé gabhála ... do ghobhlán uaingiuch eólais `a rare branch of knowledge,' TD 28.4 . Cf. ní bhínn ... gan ghabhlán n-uaigneach n-éolais, Studies 1918, 452 § 9 . príomhghabhláin iomdha dana funndameanndum príomhfhoghluim an dána, IGT Introd. § 2 . aithrighe chomhlán is caoi | gobhlán (sic leg.) dar n-aithnei-ne é, Dán Dé xxvii 25.

(d) a portion: beir gobhlán dá labhair libh, L. Cl. A. B. 66.35 .

(e) a branching off, a digression: tugamar anuas annso gabhlán ar na curadhaibh, Keat. ii 3311.

(f) g.¤ mara `a small creek, nook or inlet of the sea,' P. O'C.

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