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aicídech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aicídech or dil.ie/796

adj o, ā (aicíd) accidental: gabaidh examlacht aicidec cugi da rer blassa an talman a mbi, Ir. Astr. Tr. 40.14 . mar as aicideach gac ni aindeonac ┐ mar as [s]ustaint gach ni deonac, 66.24 . an flichidheacht aicídech, O'Gr. Cat. 249.31 . As adv. adermaid co tuicter in leiges do leth in fiabrusa o da modh .i. trit fein ┐ co h-aicideach indirectly , RC xlix 22 § 5 . (anthera) foiridh gach uile ainteas tig go nadurda no go haicideach artificially , 23 K 42, 355.22 . an tan cuirtear go haicideach a ngarrgaduibh é (of the onion), 340.8 . is co haicideach ata (sc. in gaire) a glanad leanda duib = per accidens purgando humorem melancholicum, Ériu ix 63.23 .

balc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. balc or dil.ie/5293

Forms: bailc

adj o, ā. Later also bailc i.

I stout, strong, sturdy, firm, vigorous, powerful: b.¤ .i. calma no trom, ut est ailidh sidhe aurarsan a cét direch balca (leg. b.¤, ed.) in maic .i. is calma no is trom a inne (sic leg.) in maic ima ndergither é .i. in t-étach. Nó taidlis bo slicht (compd. ?) b.¤ (used adverbially ?) .i. tadall erca isna búaib go calma, O'Dav. 277. bailc .i. mor no calma no tren . . . ciaptar bailc a mbresa, 255 . Cf. Fél. Prol. 74. b.¤ graece balanin .i. grande , O'Mulc. 119. bailc .i. calma, Stowe Gl. 239. b.¤ .i. calma, Lec. Gl. 184. b.¤ .i. trén, neartmhar, no mór, O'Cl. Benedicht, b.¤ áge, Fél. July 11 . tescmart brait bhailc co mbuaidh (brait b.¤ , ed.) `he has saved a prey with stout victory', Blathm. 137. Indrechtach . . . / . . ., bailc baind, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 25 (a) . co brāth mbairnech mb.¤ , Bruchst. i 55 § 123. is bēsad na cleithe, is b.¤ oc lār, is caol oc clēit[h]e, Corm. Y 275. fer tailc tuillethan, isé bailc brádorcha, MU² 642. buidhne bailci beoda, CCath. 5367. ba balcc bríge, MacCongl. 69.13 . ben b.¤ , BS 70.z . b.¤ Belltaine / do bheir bláth sugh a sughdhosaib, IGT Decl. ex. 342.

Compar. co mbuidin ba balcu, Fél. Jan. 4 (balcdu, balccu, v.ll.). bailci, TTebe 394 .

II As subst. strength, firmness, vigour: gabsai format, fí fo bailc, ZCP xi 108 § 2. buan in b.¤ , CRR 57.

Compds. With nouns: conid mind cach maige / balccbuile (sic leg. ?) na mbard the strong one of whom the poets sing (?), IT iii 57 § 108. tri balcbemmenda Bodba, TBC-LL¹ 5984. Balcbend gilla A., LL 25078. Nabál . . . / balcbethraid os betha blá, SR 6291. ras gabastar chuci ar a balcbolgán by its stout middle (of a standard), LL 31773 ( TTr. 962 ). cotlud nā longad nī sām lam balcbrain, TBC-I¹ 1215 (rhet.). balcbriathra Bodba, TBC-LL¹ 6056. fiora betha co mbalcbrigh `with strong might', Blathm. 76. sorcha in balcbuaid, Snedg. u. Mac R § 31 . bongos fidh a balcfremaibh, Blathm. 229. ba balc-gent co mbeó-gletin, Metr. Dinds. iv 188.24 . fót co mbalcraind, Metr. Dinds. ii 20.39 . buidnib balcthoir (: altóir), SR 6882. asa mbruintis balcct[h]onna, ACL iii 218 § 6.

With adjj.: athair Bile bailc-dremhain, Leb. Gab.(i) 218.24 . ailen . . . balclan do cairibh, Stair Erc. 227. As subst. the full: balclan gelglaici C. i tacmaisi crainn gac[h]a craisigi dibh, CCath. 5307. dias . . . it é damdabcha balcremrai, BDD² 1214. ben balc-thorrach, Metr. Dinds. iv 126.36 . buidni balcthruim, LU 10882 (rhet.).

With adjj. derived from nouns: ech . . . balcceimnech balcbéimnech, LU 8667 ( FB 50 ). Balar Balcbemneach, Cóir Anm. 289. tricha bliadan balcbuidnech (sic leg.), MacCarthy 204 § 4 . a balcbullig Brég, LU 8110 ( FB 8 ). [in tarbān] . . . / bailcerblach adircech `strong-tailed', Ériu vii 6.2 .

bras

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bras or dil.ie/6559

Forms: brais

adj o, ā. Of persons forward, boastful, defiant. In other contexts more vaguely great, forceful, violent, etc. Of sounds strident: a piana it brassa, Fél.² Prol. 75. no sirfed in Cú in m[b]ith mb.¤ , LU 3554 ( SCC 29 ). brogach, b.¤ / tir . . ., SR 977. lasaid fót fondbras (sic leg.) . . . fóa cruib (rhet.), LU 8661 ( FB 49 ). do barr bude brass `your thick yellow hair', TBC-LL² 3474 . Nombith (pl.) brais fierce (?) N., Auraic. 2537. siriti b.¤ birda (Medb of Cú Chulainn), TBC-I¹ 1706. brassa airnadma `quick to engage', Tec. Corm. § 16.26 . re dainibh bhrasa = cum . . . procacibus, ITS xxix 130.26 . Of voice, etc.: b.¤ gac greadhanglór, LL 395a9 ( Metr. Gl. 9. 6 ). fogur b.¤ a gotha `strident sound', TTebe 2011 . Cf. fogur bres, 2607 , 3995 . glór b.¤ `loud voice', Dán Dé xxix 5 . co cáintech b.¤ , ZCP vi 271.24 . an gealladh b.¤ `rash promise', Aithd. D. 7.22 .

Often alliterating or otherwise metrically fixed with resulting reduction in real meaning: cethri chet bliadna brassa . . ., LL 2654. mar ḟúarus a mbunad mbrass, / a ndúalus, a ndind-ṡenchas `their high origin', Metr. Dinds. iii 284.7 . a Tur Bregoin brais, LL 989. buidne brasa `eager hosts', Ériu iv 138.13 . dreach bh.¤ , DDána 73.26 . tré breithir mbrais ` boastful ', Lism. L. 2121.

Note: do-raduis ór ar shōrt sdāin bhrais, O'R. Poems 3237 (perh. Engl. brass , Gloss.).

Compar. as superl. is tú is brassi for domon `you are the most boastful man on earth', TBC-LL² 2995 .

As adv. iar mbeim cluig cailleach co b.¤ , Anecd. i 51.12 .

As subst. tíagait ria ríagaib in braiss mórmenmnaig (rhet.), LU 5472 (TBC). éslessach cech brass `every big talker is neglectful', Tec. Corm. § 15.27 . a bhrais bhréagaigh, DDána 50.13 . b.¤ .i. brég, O'Cl.

In chevilles: bladmar, brass, SR 29. ní bág b.¤ `no rash boast', Metr. Dinds. iii 78.7 . nī brīathar b.¤ , ZCP viii 119 § 43.

Compds. With noun : būadach brasgein, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 42 § 43. With adjj. Congalach cond mBregh mbrasglan, AFM ii 652.21 . ceann an mharcshluaigh bhrasluaith bhíodhgtha, Hackett xxxix 116 . brasach .i. bras-ōach .i. ōa mōra let[h]na le with large ears, O'Mulc. 190. badhgaire brasráitteach, TSh. 1720. a treide ṁban ṁbrassalach shamelessly lewd (of wives of the Tromdám), LL 3439. is de atá scél Sceóil ar bá brasscelach side a great storyteller (?), LU 10146.

breithemnas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. breithemnas or dil.ie/6706

Forms: brithemnas, breitheamhnas

n u and o, m. (breithem) O. Ir. brithemnas. breitheamhnas m., IGT Decl. § 38 (88.2) .

(a) adjudication, judgment; jurisdiction . See Thurneysen, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 12 , Mac Neill, PRIA xxxvi (C) 272 n.1 . cid i n-agar breithemnus berla Feini ? . . . i fir ┐ dliged ┐ aignead, Laws v 2.1 ` jurisprudence ', Mac Neill, loc. cit. ro herbadh do Dubthach tasfenad breithemnusa ┐ uile filidechta Eirenn `D. was ordered to exhibit the judgments . . . of Erin', Laws i 14.z Comm. conid hé (sc. Dubthach macú Lugair) ro taisfen filidecht ┐ brethemnas ┐ recht fer n-Erend . . . hi fíadnaisi Patraic, LU 9777. atait secht tacarta tacrus breithem, na fairben log einech, na beir as a breithemnus ` brehonship ', Laws v 252.7 .i. as a ollamnas a ndenam, 15 . Commbreitheamnus, ┐ imdenum, ┐ fiadnaise don ḟlaith for a a daercheilaib `(power to pronounce) judgment', ii 344.14 Comm. breitheamnus . . . don eclais for a manchaib, 30 Comm. rigi . . . do chlandaib Luigdech ┐ brithemnas do chlandaib Auluim, co roimchla líth . . .: rige dogrés la clannaib A. ┐ breithemnus dogres la clandaib L., Ériu iii 140.10 , 12 . Luigith Cosc i mbreithemnus, 15 . Giolla Arnáin . . . ollamh Erenn i mbreithemhnus do écc `chief Ollave (professor) of law', AFM iii 188.2 . am éolach in cech breithemnos fírén `just judgement', Ériu iv 134.24 . casáin an bhreitheamhnuis = the paths of judgment, Proverbs ii 8. bí cuimhneach ar mo bhreitheamhnas-sa (= memor esto iudicii mei), TSh. 643. do láthair bhreitheamhnais do dhéanamh ar Chríost, 3208 . do chúisibh drochamharais ┐ breitheamhnais mhearrdhántha of rash judgment, Desid. 1753. With FOR: sét . . . a brithemnasa for m(b)ruigrecht a s. for his adjudication on land-law (one of the qualifications contributing to the honour-price of the `bóaire febsa'), Críth G. 164. With IMM: breithemnus so berar umun cumaithecus judgment that is pronounced concerning, etc., Laws iv 68. 6 Comm.

With beirid: b.¤ so do berar itir barr in isilneimidh ┐ maigne in isilneimidh, ┐ fear bunaidh na mbech, Laws iv 188.12 Comm. Note further: bíom fad bhreitheamhnas `let me be subject to thy judgement', Aithd. D. 34.15 . bíodh fad bhreitheamhnas `accept it (a eulogy) . . . or . . . consider it', 33.8 .

Med. indication: ni hann gac aoinchneidh ata bretheamhnus mór aige (sc. an teas) chum maithiusa (= indicium), 23 K 42, 69.19 .

(b) Particularly (Doomsday) Judgment: niurt a thóiniuda fri brithemnas mbrátho `for the Judgment of Doom', Thes. ii 355.2 . breithem an breitheamhnais (of God), ZCP viii 199.25 . lá an bhreitheamhnuis `Day of Judgment', Donlevy 484.12 .

brosna

Cite this: eDIL s.v. brosna or dil.ie/6996

Forms: bronasnae

n (-ae) io, m. faggot(s), bundle of firewood, fuel: b.¤ .i. bris-nī (bris ne, MS.) insin .i. brisiud (.i. do min[bach] feda ┐ crīnac[h]) brister co llāim ┐ nī bīail gabar dō, Corm. Y 119 = brossnai .i. brissni, etc., Corm. 6. in brosnae (bronasnae, MS.) dombert side dia edbairt fesin gl. Isác cum lignis, Tur. 123. brosne crin gl. gremium (leg. cremium, Psalms ci 4 , edd.), Thes. i 3.27 . cosin brosnu gl. gremio `with the sheaf', Tur. 127. b.¤ crínaig, Trip.² 128 = nutrimenta ignium, Lat. Lives 46 § 38. cía nodbena-su, a chaillech, / b.¤ (brosnad, v.l.) dia ind fort tellach `faggots from its bole' (of Bile Tortan), Metr. Dinds. iv 242.26 . utlach-brossnada mora `lap-faggots', CCath. 3978. b.¤ braei laime gac ein fir a full armload (?), RC xliii 106 § 111.

Extended applications: b.¤ do setaib gabla `a bundle of the lowest seds,' Laws v 478.25 Comm. ? for b.¤ brigi .i. for feirtsi carpait no airm, RC xxvi 30 note 1 . gor bo b.¤ bodhbha . . . gach colg `bloody heap', MR 274.9 . bláth bruinne bran brosnaib (b., ban brosnad, v.ll.) gual, Ériu ix 46 § 14. = . . . b.¤ gūal (B. na f.), ZCP v 490 § 17. amru brígaib, brosnaib gal (chev.), SR 7027.

Metr. b.¤ suad, see IT iii 121 § f . One of the sixteen divisions of poetry known by a file, 29.20 . b.¤ s. .i. am ron gab: escraib cornaib caírib, etc. Is b.¤ s. sin (annsin, v.l.), acht rop commar (robo cummair, v.l.) cach cethramthu don runn, 30 § f. Note also: (as kenning) Eo Rosa . . . / b.¤ suad (rhet.) ` faggot (?) of sages', Dinds. 160. See brosnach.

cach, cech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cach, cech or dil.ie/7528
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: cach, cech, cach, gach, gech, cacha, cecha, cacha, cecha, cacha, cecha, cacha, cecha, cach, cech

pronominal adj. prec. noun each, every, all , unstressed form of cách. See GOI 33 , 310 - 11 . In Wb. and Sg. usually cach. in Ml. cech ( cech, Wb. 1c18 , 2a22 , 3d30 , 4a2 , 5c20 (chech), 6b1 , 21a14 , 33c8 , 34a2 , Sg. 190a3 . cach, Ml. 19c1 , 22b1 , 24c9 , 35b10 , 51d3 , 92d12 , 111a5 etc.). In later lang. gach, see GOI 111 . gech, Celtica iv 28.396 . Not itself lenited ( GOI 141 ), but does not prevent mutation of follg. word. g s f. cacha, cecha (see below) geminates on evidence of later lang., GOI 151 . Follg. nasalization originating in neut. and a s. spreads to other grammatical contexts: amru cach n-ārmaig, SR (Greene) 3770 . ba amru cech n-ail, SR (Greene) 4513 . ba ferr cech ndáil, SR (Greene) 7125 . a mbreath gach nduine, TD 34.9 . gach n-oidhche, DDána 98.3 . See MU² xxxi .

Uninflected in sg. except g s f. cacha, cecha (below); rarely in other cases. g s n. drécht caich ceniúil, Wb. 5c3 . g s f. cecha cathrach, Ml. 53d6 . cecha soinmige, 56b22 . cacha frithare, 111a5 . cacha dúlo, Wb. 13b28 . cacha rainne, Sg. 26b9 . cacha áirme, 198a14 . cache oxile, Thes. ii 255.4 . cacha hairge, Anecd. i 1.9 ( SCano 9 ). cachae tremsi, Mon. Tall. 138.3 . gacha cairbhe, DDána 99.29 . gacha mēide, Fl. Earls 88.16 . a s f. doomlacht . . . ol nais caich mbleguin, AU i 188.8 . Later also cacha, cecha with other genders: cacha fechtais, BDD² 201 . cacha ráithi (sic MS.), Críth G. 179 . cacha lestair, Laws iv 192.9 . cecha carptig, CRR 38.x . cecha huilc, PH 6166 . gacha síodha, Aithd. D. 88.9 . ilimud cecha hairm, Stair Erc. 824 . For usage in class. verse cf. bean gach fhir, bean gacha fir .c. Fiafruigheam focal gach fear . . . .c. . . . gacha, ni .c. na dhíaigh achd táoibhréim úathaidh . . . meallam duine gacha fir, Bard. Synt. Tr. 24.9 ff. anam gach fhir, Dán Dé xxx 4 . do reactha rún gacha fir, Studies 1919, 258 § 19 .

In pl. somet. cacha, cecha, but also cach, cech: cecha dethidnea domundi all worldly cares, Wb. 3d30 . cacha cethri, ZCP xi 83 § 28 . tri (leg. fri ? edd.) cecha oina `towards every one', Ml. 56a20 . cecha soinmech gl. affluentiam rerum omnium, 91c12 . bendacht cecha bordgal (: ordan), Fél. Prol. 275 (leg. cech óen, Stokes Gloss., but see below). cacha leth, ZCP viii 307.26 . hi cacha bésaib `in all usages', Wb. 16a27 . hi cacha persanaib, Sg. 208a11 . Uninflected: sech cech ríga, Ml. 84b1 . ó cach tharmmorcnib `from all endings', Sg. 43a5 . cach iptha ┐ gach éle ┐ gach orthana, TBC-LL¹ 3639 . In follg. appar. with g pl. Note, however, absence of nasalization (see Bard. Synt. Tr. 24.9 ff. and cf. ciall iollraidh tá a ngach; dá dhearbhadh sin as .c. meallfad iad gach fear, Bard. Synt. Tr. 40. 3 ): for got cech meall do mellaib a dromai, BDD² 351 . fotha . . . cach imforran, RC xxiv 186.11 . go líon gcéad gach córughadh, DDána 74.17 . comhchruinnioghadh . . . gach ainchriosdaidheadh oile, Ó Héodhusa 33.3 .

In later lang. certain prepp. are modified before gach. See la, 1 do, i, tre and cf. leis gach bhfear, TD 9.26 .

I

(a) each, every, all : dognitis cech ndochrud and, Ml. 22a4 . is huaisliu cech duil, 25a1 . ar cech lau gl. in dies, 29a11 . hi cech dú gl. passim, 50c12 . im cech rét ru-n-ecat les, 57b4 . secech talmain, 84a2 (= sech cech). cech ṅdrochscél gl. omnis fabula, 86b3 . a cach duini gl. o homo omnis, Wb. 1c8 . foditiu cech imnid, 1c18 . fo bésad cech dachpreceptoro, 4a2 . do-feich cach n-olcc et mórid cach maith, 6a16 . is diamuin leiss cach thúare, 6b8 . i cach réit ro-hí a less gl. in omnibus bonis, 20c11 . os cech anmimm ainmnigther gl. super omne nomen, 21a14 . cach tenge gl. omnis lingua, 23c20 . cach gutae, Sg. 18a3 . do cach brethir, 161a1 . ciall cech muid, 190a3 . recachthuisiul, 210a8 . ducach belru, Thes. ii 226.23 . da gach bocht, Blathm. 40 . hi cinn cach thíre, ZCP xi 82 § 20 . etir cach salm deni trib cáocad sancte Michaol etc. , Mon. Tall. 130.24 . cech nderg . . . cach nua . . . cech ard everything red, etc., LU 3915 ( SCC 43 ). dicerint omne malum .i. cach nolc, ZCP viii 173.20 . cech saer noslēma, 110.29 . cach deisel is dī dacuas, ACL iii 237 § 26 . mar cach ndeiscipal acci, BColm. 56.9 . cluned huaim chech deag-duini, Ériu iii 196 § 16 . fuli cech anmae `the sins of every soul', 96 § 3 . du gach thir, Laws iv 162 n. in cech tīr, ZCP viii 109.4 . geall gach ḟir, IGT Decl. ex. 1308 . gach grádh riamh dá radas dise, Timth. viii 1918, 8 § 3 . saidhbir . . . o gech earnuil eisc, RC xlvi 226.7 . gach aimsir do-chuaidh thort, Corp. Astron. 6.6 . For phr. cach díriuch directly see díriuch, dírge.

(b) V. freq. in genitives of time, see bliadain, tan, tráth etc. and día, , GOI 159 .

(c) With uile (on follg. lenition see Bard. Synt. Tr. 95.11 ): do gach uili arm, Stair Erc. 1545 .

(d) For phr. cach aí each of them see 1 aí and cf. di cach di suidib immenetar `of each of them in turn', Ml. 26b20 . cech diib, 72b27 . cach diib, 114c15 . See cách (c).

(e) With follg. cardinal ( gach ┐ gach ré, .l. áireamh uathaidh nó iollraidh na mbéal, Bard. Synt. Tr. 40.2 ): i ngnimaib cech óin, Ml. 56c11 . cech oin, 68a13 . cach oén creitfess hí Christ, Wb. 4d21 . do c[ec]h óin bíth [hí] croi[ch], Tur. 136 . du cech óin dia chlaind, Ml. 133a10 . cech oin huaib, 34a3 . no sasadh cech naon, Blathm. 39 . cech n-ōen ronānaicc a less, ACL iii 2.4 . re cech oin salm, Ml. 2b4 . doaidlibem cech n-oin dliged, 14d5 . du cech oin erbirt biuth gl. ad ussús omnes, 128c2 . hi cech oinalaithe .i. cech dia gl. in dies singulos, 58d3 . nomen saindíles cach oenḟolaid, Sg. 28a16 . cach oinfolaid gl. pro uniuscuiusque rei, 200b4 . as gach éanaird, TD 8.11 . cech da son `two words apiece', Tur. 2 . cach di dúil, Sg. 3b8 . eter cach da asna, LU 8400 ( FB 27 ). iter cech dá dorus, BDD² 282 .

(f) With ordinal: gach treas baili, Acall. 1882 . cach nómad n-aidche, BDD² 174 . For phr. cachla every other, etc. see 1 aile, and cf. Zimmer KZ xxx 69 - 71 . Note also: cach ra n-úair . . . in n-úair aile, LU 2166 ( FA 24 ). cach ra fechtas, Rawl. 149b46 . gach dara lá, TSh. 7911 . For rules for use of gach ré in class. verse see Bard. Synt. Tr. 39 - 40 .

(g) With follg. abstr. noun: cach faicsi thiced d'aidchi ra étlaitis lucht a frestail the closer it came to nightfall, LL 268b24 . cech doimne noroisidh an t-adhnacul the deeper the grave reached, ZCP viii 560.22 . gach méad dob' inleighis d'a muinntir, Ériu i 90 § 39 . gach mēide rusmair `all who still lived', Fl. Earls 246.23 . gach fairsingi bias an dorus, is usuidi le dul amach, Rosa Angl. 44.11 . gac fad teit amach, Ir. Astr. Tr. 154.31 . gach līnmhaireacht aimsire however often, Fl. Earls 48.27 . Cf. gach réidhteach is fearr fhéadfadsa do dhéanamh leo dhéanad é, Maguires of F. 70 .

II

(a) Freq. after negatives, comparatives, and the conjunctions amail, mar in wider sense of all, any, any other : amal as n-esrantaid cech maith `is non-participant in any good', Ml. 31a12 . is duiliu lim cech rét m'anim, 55a4 . is suacbairi[u] indaas cech tír, 62b10 . fri tige cach n-aithech gl. nulla . . . discritio inter Templum tuum et priuata aedes..., 92d15 . as mou cech fortacht `greater than any help', 114b2 . is uaísliu cach ceítbuid córe gl. pax Christi, quae superat omnem sensum, Wb. 24b4 . ni torgaitha i cach caingin gl. ne quis . . . circumueniat in negotio fratrem suum, 25b5 . fisidhiu cech draoi `than any druid', Blathm. 7 . ní hinḟíadnaisi acht fri cach súaill trifling matters, Críth G. 35 . amail cach nduinorcnid `like any other homicide', Mon. Tall. 158.18 . mar cech n-ethait like any bird, LL 12717 . nī faictis cach conair notēigtis, ACL iii 224.35 . sir ní as tana ná gach tonn. IGT Decl. ex. 438 . can tsroin ac cach duine dib `not one of them has a nose', Maund. 175 . mar gach ainmidi `like any . . . beast', Stair Erc. 1909 .

(b) The form cech(a) cacha is freq. with follg. vb. (usually conj. or prot. form). The earliest sense is indef. whoever, whatever, whichever (see GOI 28 , 289 ). As accus. cosmail leiss cacha orr in cara fá æscara `whichever he may slay', Sg. 12b7 . cecha taibre, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 20.15 . ní dígbad ní dia uball cacha tomled de whatever he ate of it (all he ate of it ? See below), LU 10021 . cacha imlodmar cose / de bruig B. however much, Metr. Dinds. iii 204.49 . As nom. cech thucai `whoever gave it', Thes. ii 347.4 (Hy. v). ropo toil Dé cecham-theirb `whatever may vex(?) me', Murphy Lyrics 34.24 (cecham teirp, cach am teirb, gachum terb, MSS.); 'may whatever cuts me off/separates me be God's will' Celtica xxiii 36 n. 40 ; 'whatever hinders me be God's will' , Sages, Saints and Storytellers 316 § 24 . nír bo léir isin mballan cacha tuccad ind, Ériu v 116.43 . cech be dhe `whatever may come', Blathm. 108 § 3 . cach be da lin however numerous they be, Anecd. ii 31.20 . cach a raba di mét a thurse tired as he was, LU 9099 ( FB 85 ). cach a bé dim airddi, 9199 ( 92 ). Perh. also in cecip (indef.), see 1 cía B (e).

(c) Later in sense all that, that which (cf. 4 a). As accus. cecha ndernai do fertaib gl. a ndorigēnai, Thes. ii 338.2 (Hy. v). cacha ndénainn `of all I might do', Liad. and Cuir. 24.18 . adfiadatar . . . cechidepirt ind ingen friss, RC xi 442.7 . cacha ro-cesair, PH 1697 . ní áirmhim a leth nō a thrīan / gach a fūaras, ZCP viii 220.8 . cacha finnub-sa, TBC-LL¹ 5759 . 'ca cuimnechad do I. cach doronsad, TTebe 3895 . cacha bhfagbhaitis . . . a lamha, Lism. L. 1308 . gach nar ghabh all he captured, DDána 64.7 . gach ar léigis linn, 84.11 . gach a n-abrai-siu, ML² 478 . As nom. cecha marbt[h]ar dīobh 'sa ccath, ZCP viii 116.25 . gach a ccurthar ann, Párl. na mB. 1174 . cach a bfuil acat i tig, ACL iii 222.7 . gach ar mair `all that yet remained', Stair Erc. 2119 .

caínid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. caínid or dil.ie/7839

Forms: caíned, caínti

v (We. cwyn, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 125 ). IGT Verbs § 71 .

(a) With personal object laments, bewails (death of), `keens ': coínti a ndúnad n-ule Fraech, LU 5235 ( TBC-I¹ 758 ). con ro choiniur crist, Blathm. 145 . caoiniostair cach a primghein (of slaying of first-born of Egyptians), 79 . rochain a chommam, Trip.² 161 . [a]n frim, orsí, coro chainiur mocheile, RC viii 62.11 ( LL 13539 ). Fraech . . . is ed cháinmaid-ni, YBL 58b13 . caínfitit túatha Érann `the tribes of the E. shall keen him', Metr. Dinds. iv 306.32 . Ferdub oc Trustin tóeb-glain / rocáinte na caemṡaeglaig `their equal date was lamented', iii 76.134 . mairg súile . . . na rochainsetar he (of suffering Christ), PH 3310 . níor chaoin a chlann (of Job), DDána 46.16 . trí meic Tuireann — tearc nar chaoin, 64.27 .

(b) With other objects (sin, calamity, etc.) regrets, deplores, weeps at: innaní choínte gl. deplorantium calamitates suas, Ml. 29b4 . coínid gl. deplorat quod . . . , 30d4 . co nu coined gl. peccatum . . . deploraret, 32b13 . coineas gl. ista quae deplorat, 102a23 (see GOI 57 ). coinde gl. deplorantium . . . adversa, 126d5 . cointer golgat gac duine, Blathm. 125 . coínis in lobra a galair, LU 10756 ( TE 12 ). cōinis a himned pris complained of her trouble to him, ACL iii 1.14 . in cath i mBrí Cobthaig Cóil / cōintit ile, cóintit cóim, ZCP xiii 375.1 . níor chaoin I-óib a othra, DDána 46.15 . mo chlōine . . . / co roc[h]ōine mē, ACL iii 232.14 ( Ériu vi 113 § 6 ). chaointear leis na naoidheanaibh (of original sin), TSh. 2594 .

(c) Intrans. With prep. DO: follus . . . co cáined in doman do bás M. = ejusdem mortem lugeret, Lat. Lives 99.8 . i torchair tricha cét caínid / do na trēnaib, LL 23606 , taken as cheville `bewail them', Arch. Hib. ii 59 § 16 . Absol.: cóinmi gl. ingemescimus, Wb. 4a23 . ro chaoinsiot . . . / dia bfesdaois a deghduili, Blathm. 67 . cūinfider hūas Cúalgiu beinn / domnach etir dī calaind, ZCP xii 236 § 54 . dia na-cainedh if she had screamed, Laws v 274. 15 Comm.

Vn. caíned. Vbl. of necess. caínti.

cerc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cerc or dil.ie/8748

n ā, f. hen : c.¤ gl. gallina, Ir. Gl. 196 . smacht peata chuirre ┐ circe, Laws iv 114.10 . cearc gan run, v 80.12 . nomad loighi na circi in gac en da henaib, iii 380.2 Comm. da miach ar circ cein dotas, miach ar caileach cein n-iunas, v 82.16 Comm. cerca ┐ geodh, 166.19 Comm. gl. eoin aititin `domestic fowl', 5 . seig .i. seboc (.i.) foxla orcu ┐ cerca, O'Dav. 1480 . c.¤ i cill, crand eidneanach (opprobrious epithet), IT iii 89 § 115 . comeis lini oen chirci `as much as the clutch of eggs of one hen', Cog. 48.y . Cf. Caithr. CC 1.y . uga cercc, MacCongl. 101.3 . gan uiread eoin chirce da mhaoin féin ar chumas fhir an tighe, Keat. iii 2756 . ? tria ḟochond na hoenbreithe / fó cia beith c.¤ i trebad, LL 6322 .

Of female of other birds: c.¤ fraich re aidche n-adhuair grouse , Acall. 3679 . guth circe fráoich an tsléibhe, BS 152.11 . Cf. cercai odrai / a frāech rūad, K. and H. 27 . a hūi Scandail, / a scīan espa, / a ch.¤ usci, / a choss escra water-hen (as opprobrious epithet), Bruchst. 32 § 73 ( IT iii 102 § 191 ).

C.¤ Boirche name of a legendary bird: Ard Fothaidh . . . Fothad Airgthech . . . conatail and co cend teora coigtighes fri foghar ceirce Bairche, Dinds. 89 . dia faigdi 'mo oen deirc i ndon circe Boirche rucsat an eceis aniar, 64 . an Chearc Bhoirche, DDána 121.29 . Cearc Bhoirche . . . / gér chúis iomráidh a hainm sin, Studies 1921, 257 § 3 .

querc name of a letter in Énogam, Auraic. 5694 .

As n. pr. f. C.¤ ingen Echach, LL 354b57 . In n. pr. m. Cú Cercca, Cóir Anm. 214 .

clíathán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. clíathán or dil.ie/9488

n o, m. (clíath)

(a) side : do luidheas ar mo chliathán deas I bent down on my right side, Oss. iv 278.9 .

(b) loin (of meat): da cliatan la gac .xx. mbairgin ferfuine `flitches', BCrólige 28 n.2 . im ┐ arbar ┐ da cliathan tsaillte, le gac .xx. bairgen, 46 n.12 . maróca ┐ cliatháin, O'Dav. 983 . caolana ┐ cliathana ┐ dromanna, O'D. 520 ( H 3.17, 423 ). co fīachu fraiged .i. cliathānu `to the dues of a wall—sides (of bacon)', MacCongl. 99.32 .

(c) Of a bird's wing: attaigh a ghulbain iar clíathan a eite `the wattle of his wing', BNnÉ 93 § 203 .

cluiche

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cluiche or dil.ie/9644
Last Revised: 2013

n io n. ? (cluiche ara-fuīretar fo mórslúagu dūlecha 'games which have been prepared for eager hosts' ZCP xlvii 55 ) (see Bergin, Ériu xii 205 n.1 ) game, play, sport (used both of athletic contests and of board-games); aigid, feraid, do-gní, imm-beir, -cuirethar c.¤ plays; very freq. of the celebration of commemorative games at an `ōenach': cluche n-óimin n-inmeldag / aigdit, Imr. Brain 41 (cluithe, v.l.). ferais cluichi la maca, Blathm. 102 § 40 . ni curtar ilach na gair cocluiche .i. golium cona c.¤ in tres bundsach `prattle(?) and playing', BCrólige 61 . ni fertar cluichi fair hi tig `no games are played in the house', ibid. fuil mic a cain cluithe `in lawful sport', Laws v 142.10 . monuar, a dhaoine maithe, / ba fearr a laithe cluithe, / mór liach Cionaedh mac Conaing, / hi lomaind do cum cuithe, AFM i 480.12 . c.¤ nō aonach, is dō is ainm nāsad, Corm. Y 796 . aenach . . . cia tiasa dia cluithi ind .i. do denam graithfne and, Laws v 484.y Comm. ferr c.¤ gairbe, / ferr grūad grīsadh a game is better than rough play(?), Anecd. iii 18.12 . cluchi ┐ céti ┐ ánius ┐ aibinnius (at an óenach), LU 3225 ( SCC 1 ). niro tairmesc a cluchi immi, 5008 (TBC). nín tairmesc día chluchiu, 1707 . conid cles ┐ cluchi lim comrac fri óenfer, 8469 ( FB 32 ). nimda sátech dom cluchi béos, 4996 . bīit trī chōecaid macc and . . . oca cluithi, TBC-I¹ 369 (oc cluchiu, LU). bāi C. . . . oc a cluichiu oc dul adochum in gillai, Ériu i 118 § 8 . baei Conairi a ceithri cairpthig i lLifiu occa cluichiu, BDD² 128 . agtair cluicheda ┐ ferthair graifni ind oenaig, LL 274a12 ( SG 416.3 ). radis in mac bec . . . ar co ndigsed dá chluchi do chluchemaig na Emna, TBC-LL¹ 878 . maccáem do thichtain in far cluchi can chur a faisma foraib, 908 . cluche ban Lagen (at Óenach Carmain), Metr. Dinds. iii 14.173 . i Muig Ḟind, ┐ ba sead on tir cluichi Aengusa ┐ Midir, Dinds. 79 . cluithe gl. iocus, Ir. Gl. 518 . dena c.¤ re do comais `play with', TTebe 3781 . ic imbirt cles ┐ cluithe ┐ iomána, TBC St. 770 . cluithchi fithli aga imirt acu, ZCP vi 44.17 . cluiche .i. imteacht, Lec. Gl. 288 (perh. a mistake for imirt, Stokes). an tan is caeine an cluiti is and dlegur a discur (prov.), Grail 226 . éanlámh don ch.¤ `the only player in the game', Content. xvi 125 . breith an ch.¤ `winning card' (Gloss.), xiv 55 . c.¤ .i. comhrac. cluithe .i. imirt no súgradh, O'Cl. óna huile chluichthibh díomháoine domhanda `playes', RSClára f. 116b . ag cur ch.¤ `whilst playing a game', ALC i 98.20 = AFM ii 988.16 . an cleasradh nó na cluicheadha nó an caitheamh aimsire, TSh. 4160 . bert chluichi a move in a game: tecascidsi beirt chluthi for a hathair and, LB 275b21 . beart cluiche ní dheachaidh dhe `never was any point in the game lost by him', O'Hara 1381 . Cf. batar ic imirt fichilli . . . beirt diarbo cluchi for M. a move owing to which the game went against M., Cog. 144.4 .

c.¤ caínte(ch) funeral games : ara nderntais . . . / c.¤ caíntech dia caíniod, Metr. Dinds. iv 150.44 ( LL 27812 ). fo ch.¤ Charmain cháintech, iii 24.304 . dorónta c.¤ chointe dó, TTr.² 1229 . ro haghadh a cepoc ┐ a cluichi caintech, RC xxiv 282 § 24 . na Greic do commorad cluichi chaintig i n-onoir . . . mic L., TTebe 2191 . Cf. láiset gair chaíne . . . / . . . / ro acht leo a cluchi cned, LL 26277 .

mag (in) c(h)luichi playing field : oc āine līathrōidi i maig in cluithi, TBC-I¹ 428 . i maig cluithi, 477 .

With various defining genitives: cluichi puill fognithi for faichthi na Emna, TBC-LL¹ 972 ( LL 8393 ). Téite . . . do dul ann (i.e. to Tráig Théite) . . . do ch.¤ thuinde co ro báidhed ann iat, Acall. 3824 (`a wave-game i.e. surf-riding', SG ii 200 - 201 ). cluichi disci . . . .i. cluichi méisi `the game of the discus', TTebe 2468 - 69 . c.¤ lúibe the name of some ball-game, taken to be hurling s.v. lúb q.v. and in CF² Gloss . but lúb may refer to a hoop through which the ball was driven, not to the club. Cf. Celtica viii 150 .

beirid (-cuirethar) c.¤ (AR, DO = DI ?) wins the game against: noco berad orm . . . / cluchi erail ar fidchill, LU 3974 ( SCC 45 ). nobered C. cluithi na nona for Illand (of fidchell), Anecd. i 11.26 ( SCano 358 ). bean mé ar ar cuireadh c.¤ , DDána 120.24 . do beredh [Laog] gac[h] re ccloic[h]e do (for, v.l.) Coin Culainn, TBC St. 1622 .

Legal. col cluichi (colchluiche?) foul play, breach of rules of play : ataitt ceithre col cluithi la feinee (sic), uatha fri hilar, ┐ cros diubrucad ┐ taithe tuilche, ┐ bundsach in airecht, O'Curry 2376 ( Eg. 88, 29 ). fiach fiancluiche . . . fiach cola cluichi `fine for fair-play . . . fine for foul-play', Laws iii 258.19 , 21 Comm. fiach col cluithe, O'Curry 2377 ( Eg. 88, 29 ). Cf. bad c[h]ert do chluichiu frim, TBC-I¹ 750 . muindtir rig . . . ac fromad a nirt is éric cola cluithi uaithib, O'D. 1568 ( H 5.15, p. 4 ) (in the case of an injured animal). See fían-, medón-, col-.

(b) jest, sport : a denam ar daigin c.¤ for sport, Laws iii 250.14 Comm. `tabraidh dantmír dó' or fer dubh docluiche (leg. do ch.¤ in sport, by way of a jest), ZCP i 464.z (`evil-jesting', Meyer). ? c.¤ gu bás Bríain Banda / loisgthi as marbtha is madmanda, IGT Decl. ex. 1145 .

(c) feats of strength, feats of arms : immacomarnaic dó ┐ don scál. Tresi cluchi ind athig, LU 8538 ( FB 39 ). tiagam far cluchi inn átha, TBC-LL¹ 3763 . ro thuairc cach a chéile combó derg ind aband dib. Fortressiu iarum a chluchi in Chonaill, LL 13511 .

c.¤ ind ríg the name of some epidemic : cluichi an Rig a nErinn uli . . . ┐ Risderd Sabais d'ec de, Ann. Conn. 1361.6 . c.¤ in righ do beith co tiugh isin bliadhain sin i n-Erinn, AU ii 512.9 . Cormac . . . do dhul d'eg do c.¤ in righ, Aedh . . . don plaidh cetna, 540.5 . See Ir. Hist. Stud. vi 178 .

As quasi-vn. catt bec boí forsind lár oc cluchiu, LU 1705 . luid-seom . . . do chluchi frisna gillu isin léna, Fing. R. 427 . fecht . . . do P. ic cluithiu itir a comaistiu ludebat, Lat. Lives 46.3 . ? gabaidh C. for eiliugud Mic Coisi, ┐ a chluiche (cluithe, MS.) ime, ZCP viii 559.16 (? leg. ┐ ic c.¤ ). acc c.¤ ┐ acc fanamhatt impaibh, AFM vi 2324.10 .

? cluichi ar chaill, LL 27427 (= Clochar nGuill, Metr. Dinds. iii 306.32 ). sin an chéad lá do sgaoileadh / fuireann d'ar saoithibh con a gcluithche `in the chase', Oss. iv 22.6 .

Compd. ¤-mag playing-field : adell C. laiss iarom a cluchemag, LU 4981 . laa dó . . . isin chluichimaig oc immáin, Fing. R. 334 . bui-sium ara clesaib cluithemuige co dered laei, TMoméra 156.4 .

coible

Cite this: eDIL s.v. coible or dil.ie/10010

Forms: coibele, coiblide

n (com. + féile) also coibele. hospitality, generosity : ar chobele . . . doberar, Corm. Y 61 = cobli, Corm. p. 4 . ma ro scáig c.¤ na flatha fil isin brudin, LU 6992 = coiblide, BDD² 574 . ? tugad [co]bla ar tir frisin `were . . . given hospitality till that was done', Ériu viii 28.15 . ? imchomarc hí dunghalaig / dunas caible cachthaige, IT iii 41 § 45 = duras c.¤ , 11 § 16 (chomde gac thige, v.l.). In chevilles: coibli gleir glain, SR 839 . cen choibli ṅgle, 923 . im ch.¤ cruth, 5843 . ? cía ba caible (caibne, v.l.) (: Aidne) `though it was quest-right', Metr. Dinds. iii 444.62 . la c.¤ cridhi, Snedg. u. Mac R 13.5 .

In n. loc.: oc Cnucc Dromma Coblai, Trip.² 2858 .

1 crú

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 crú or dil.ie/13163
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: cru, chrúa, cro, cróu, cráu, cráo, cró, crú, crú, cró

n For inflection see Ériu xxxix 170-72 . n s. cru, Blathm. 64 . chrúa (: chúa), TBC-LL² 2949 . g s. cro, Blathm. 132 . craú, Imr. Brain § 59 . cróu, cráu, cráo ( LL 22826 ), cró, GOI 197 . a d s. crú. Later crú, cró indecl.

(a) gore, blood : crū a cruore , Corm. Y 280 . tibri derg amal c.¤ rúad, LU 3815 (SC). mo chride-se is c.¤ , TBC-LL² 3372 . cró dond glé sin samlaitir, LU 8360 ( FB 24 ). consreṅgfa c.¤ dar cranna, TBC-LL² 421 . cru for bruindibh betha (after the death of Christ), Blathm. 64 . corp do chri / roindidh hi cru roghili, 205 . im chride do ch.¤ `into my clotted heart', Ériu vi 113 § 8 `may thy blood flow into my heart', Murphy Lyrics 27.8 . focicher c.¤ tria chnessaib, TFerbe 648 . co nderna cró dia cridi, YBL 330a60 . fuil do chuirp ina c.¤ thécht, Acall. 7576 . fortach for chró blood-oath (?), Ériu xiii 29.9 . daethain do cru ingen n-ennacc, Grail 3467 . do shil c.¤ a chroidhe (of Christ), DDána 12.6 . do-rinne dom chroidhe c.¤ , Ir. Syll. Poetry 45.3 . is riot do shil c.¤ as a chroidhe (of the Cross), Dán Dé iii 14 . c.¤ re slíasdaibh eich ésgaidh, IGT Decl. ex. 1225 . Of blood of animals: c.¤ a n-airgead nó a n-each, Ériu iv 224.9 . toirthi craebh ┐ cru a n-each, Marco P. 40 . Of cut of meat: tarr loigi meich . . . airtem (a) leithet a crui iar n-airthur, dorn leithet a crai a n-iarthur `Vorderschnitt Hinterschnitt', ZCP xiv 348.2 ( Laws ii 238.14 .i. in baill ar coraiged teascad in tarra, 240.3 Comm. ) = dia cru, O'Dav. 129 . Cf. cró .i. dearg, Lec. Gl. M 138 . Stowe Gl. 278 .

Attrib. gen.: in chaep chró ┐ ḟola, LL 22827 . cichis . . . / im Māel-Coba cassil chró, Corp. Gen. 410.8 . tri chís cró (: gó), Metr. Dinds. iv 262.38 . an tsleg . . . i n-a clēith c[h]ró, ML² 1244 . a fhir chró, DDána 106.17 . iarna timarcad i llige chro, BCrólige 1 . im C.C. ina othorlige chró, LL 22085 . See cos(s)ar, gae, loimm, 1 pairt.

(b) wound : lethdire cro otrusa gac fir dia mnai 'nursing wound' BCrólige 8 § 6 . cro nuibe no nuidenais 'wound' § 7 , Ériu xxxix 173, 183-84 .

For possible compds. see 3 cró

.

cruísech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cruísech or dil.ie/13239

Forms: crúisech, cróisech, craísech

n ā, f. Also craí-, crói-; crúi-. crúisech cróisech craísech f., IGT Decl. § 12 (61.z) . javelin, spear, lance : Fergus Faga .i. cruīsech, Corp. Gen. 155.11 . fochairt a chroísig forro, LU 3282 . co n-acasa in gaíth . . . amal chroísig dibroí, 9240 . dobér-sa mo láim . . . fón cruísig neme, TBC-LL² 1122 . i tacmaisi crainn gac[h]a craisigi, CCath. 5307 . slegdaire na ngae ┐ na croisech, TTr.² 891 . ben a cumhdach do chenn na cráisighi, Acall. 1719 . do láoi don chróisigh a ceann (: cróisin), IGT Decl. ex. 577 . do lámh fan ccráoisigh na cearchuill (: fáoisimh), ex. 876 . ar scibadh a lúirech loindrech / a crúisiuch 'sa carbad, Bard. P. 40.12 . robo cro derg ar cruisigh, RC xvii 123.21 (Tig.). do crund na cruisigi, Grail 885 . don c[h]raīsigh catha, ML² 1914 . a craisecha comraic, MR 140. 10 (see n.). craísecha cró `socketed spears', Leb. Cert.² 154.14 .

2 díles

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 díles or dil.ie/16404

(subst.use of 1 díles)

(a) private property, possession: ni bíd nach diles ic neoch díb nemo ibi sibi quicquam proprium habebat, Lat. Lives 92 (= RC ii 392 ). mórán do daeinib . . . do rec a ferann ┐ a selba ┐ a n-oigrechta ┐ do-beridis a luach dona hapsalaibh da tabairt don coitcenn ┐ ni lamdais fein diles neich do beth aca acht an coitcenn oir is as do-geibdis a riachtanus a les uile, 3 B 22, 26av . ní bíodh d.¤ etir acca acht inneoch dogheibhedh dobeiredh do bochtaib . . . , SG 19 ; similarly RC xii 340 : tri cét manuch gun nach (sic leg.) diles ag nech dib; Anecd. v 5 (= Alex. 935 ): ni gaibem forba nach diles isin bith. Temair Breg . . . d.¤ Néill, Ériu iv 92 . diles gac enduine a eidhrecht, RIA MSS. Ser. i 51 . ro gaib a righi do dhiles co brath do féin ┐ dá chloind, Todd Nenn. 192 . comad le fein do dilius an ferann do idbair dhó, Lism. L. 980 .

(b) possession: do bhronn bith-d.¤ na Midhe do Hugo is da ṡliocht 'n-a dhiaidh, Keat. iii 5399 .

(c) property, characteristic function: ase as dilius don luibh so (Germander) oibriughadh a n-aghaidh easlainte na seilge, 23 K 42, 383.13 . Of symptoms preceding crisis: madh follus comurtha in dileghtha rompa so, ┐ a ngluasacht do ueith la diles in ḟaoithighthi, criochnuighter in faoithiugad cum maithesa, 3 C 19, 271vb25 .

Contrasted with ruidles on one hand and coitchenn on the other (gramm.): caiti ruidhles ┐ diles ┐ coitchend indles isna deachaibh? Ruidhles doib a n-anmand fein do rad friu amal ata dialt. Diles doib dialt do radh fri cach n-ai dibh air is dialt duformaidh gach n-ae dib for araili. Coitchend doib deich do radh fri cach dib. Indleas do dhialt immorro deach duna seacht ndeachaib ele do radh fris, air ní fil alt and, Auraic. 773 . See also 833 , 841 , 848 .

dírge, dírga

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dírge, dírga or dil.ie/16725

n , f. (díriuch)

(a) act of directing; straightness, directness: cuindrigthea .i. d.¤ gl. dirigendi, Ml. 41d1 . d.¤ ┐ airdbe directing and killing, 5 . on dirgi gl. directione (telorum), 65a6 . ar lagat inna saigte ┐ ara dirgi, 80b7 . cruindæ no dirge roundness or straightness, Sg. 3b18 . ainmnigud inna dulo in dírgi the naming of the thing in directness, 76b7 . tuargaib a tech . . . co riacht a dirgi fesin, FB 28 . do phromad mo lām ┐ dīrgi (dírge, LU) mo urchair, TBC-I¹ 607 . d.¤ cech tolgdail | fri torgbáil na drumslaite, SR 4271 . cach lāimi a lāindīrgi, ACL iii 226 . cruime is goire don d.¤ erect stature, Duan. F. i 82 (Poem xxix). ni tegar on chaime cum diorgha in fhuilt muna bhogthar ar tús é, 3 C 19, 53rb 37 . lottar rempa í reidh díorgha gacha róid by each direct road, AFM vi 2098 . cach (n)dírge (lit. each directness) directly, exactly: atchonncamar in luing cach dirge da[r] n-indsaighid, Acall. 6066 . fuarattar gaeth go deghtapaidh leo gach ndírghe, BNnÉ 54.10 . imighis gacha dírgha co Beind Edair, Ériu iii 156.3 . atá tobur . . . síar cach ndírgha bruindes `due west', Dinds. i § 15 ( RC xv 282 ). síardes cech dirgi dorochair, § 160 ( ib. 278 ). sibal direach . . . siar gacha dirga ┐ soir gac[h]a dirgha, ITS xiv 48 . gan gabāil gach ndīrghe don Spāinn not to go to Spain direct, Fl. Earls 24.20 . Cf. cach ndíriuch. for dírgi in a straight course: luid Apollináris do flaith Dé for dírgi, Fél. June 4 .

(b) Fig. uprightness, righteousness: in dírgi caíngníma in righteousness of well-doing, Wb. 4d6 . on dirgi són a brithemnachtae from the rectitude of His judgement, Ml. 24a13b . Cicilia co ndirgi, Fél. Sept. 1 . d.¤ dlegar cach flathemon in sin, ZCP xi 80.14 . at maithi a chland . . . im dírgi im dretlacht, SG 84.6 . d.¤ im (in, v.l.) cach mbēs, ACL iii 317 § 56 . díorgha um ghlór `uprightness in word', Content. xiv 10 .

do-airret, do-áirret

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-airret, do-áirret or dil.ie/17156

Forms: tár(r)thid, tair(r)thid, tarraid, dusn-arrith, ním-farraidh, tairet, do-da-uret, do-m-airthend, -tairthenn, do-n-airthe, do-n-arraid, da thairthe, doairthend, -táirthe, do-sn-árthet, donairthét, tairthet, to-air-thét, tairthit, táirthed, toirthead, tairset, dafarsed, danarsitis, táirsitis, -táir, tartha, tanáirsed, tarradais, do-m-árraid, du-sn-arraid, do-t-árruigh, dafarraid, do-s-farraidh, -fairraidh, -fairidh, dosfairtestar, rom-farraid, rosfarraigh, tarraid, -tárraid, tarraigh, tharraid, dothairraich, rostarraig, donarthaid, tarthaid, tarthaigh, taurthais, tarthis, táirthis, táirthidhis, tairtemar, tarthamair, tárthamar, donarthatar, do-n-arthetar, du-sn-arthaiter, do-airtetar, dofárthetar, dofairthetar, tarthatar, tárthetar, tartatar, tarthadar, tairthedar, [t]airthiter, tairredar, doairrither, tarrthaitear, tairthither, tarthither, tarthithear, tarrustar, notairister, tarrustar, tharrastá, tarusta, taraisdea, tarrustar, -tairistea, tarras, tarrus, rotharrus, tarrthus, tarrthas, tairtes, tarrassa, tarraid, tárruim, tarar-sa, tarrusa, tarrais, doradais, tathradais, tharr, tharramar, tarabhair-si, tárratar, tarradar, tairredar, tháirsiot, conus-táirsetar, -ttarustar, dofáirthetar

(* to-air-reth-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 598 , but perh. *to-ad-reth- or a contamination of both. See GOI p. 496 ). Later as simple vb. tár(r)thid, tair(r)thid, tarraid. IGT Verbs § 16 . Indic. pres. 3 s. dusn-arrith, Trip.² 904 . ním-farraidh, RC x 90.4 (LU). ? tairet, LL 179a1 . ? do-da-uret, Laws iv 184.13 . Later: do-m-airthend, Imr. Brain ii 293.11 . RC x 222 § 13 . -tairthenn, RC x 222 § 13 . Fen. 226 . The follg. are apparently either pres. or pret. 3 s.: do-n-airthe, RC xiii 405 § 57 (cf. do-n-arraid, § 56 ). da thairthe, x 222.132 v.l. (doairthend, text). -táirthe, ALC i 132.7 . 3 pl. do-sn-árthet, TBC-I¹ 195 (LU). donairthét, Trip.² 1524 . tairthet, Wb. 27d23 (possibly = to-air-thét, see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. § 840.1 ). tairthit, Alex. 1127 ( -id, 491 ). 1069 . Impf. 3 s. táirthed, LU 5159 = toirthead, TBC-I¹ 677 . Subj. The orig. s-subj. early fell together both in form and meaning with that of do-airicc, from which it is hardly to be distinguished in prose; for exx. see do-airicc, where some of the subj. forms given may belong to this verb. The follg. forms may be assigned to do-airret: subj. pres. 3 pl. tairset, BDD 95 ; impf. 3 s. dafarsed, TBC-LL¹ 4255 . 3 pl. danarsitis, Irish Texts i 12 § 37 . táirsitis, TBC-I¹ 613 (do-airicc?). Also perh. -táir in bardic verse ( Dán Dé xxvii 16 , L. Cl. A. B. 239.62 , etc.). Later forms: pres. 3 s. go nach tartha , ZCP viii 552.4 . Condit. 3 s. tanáirsed, BDD² 1087 (see Gloss. s.v. do-árid).

Pret. and perf. 2 s. tarradais, LL 303b30 ( RC xiii 84 § 95 ). 3 s. do-m-árraid, LU 9361 . du-sn-arraid, AU 912 . do-t-árruigh, TE § 9 . dafarraid, Trip.² 298 . do-s-farraidh, AFM 1101 , -fairraidh, 919 , -fairidh, 430 . dosfairtestar, Alex. 789 . rom-farraid , BNnÉ 301 § 4 . rosfarraigh, BB 50a22 . tarraid, FB § 66 . -tárraid, SR 3019 . tarraigh, RC ix 468 (LU). do tharraid , SR 4157 . dothairraich, Lec. 615b6 . rostarraig, BB 351b20 . Note also donarthaid, O'D. 111 ( H 3.17 90 ). Forms like tarthaid, RC xv 426 , tarthaigh, Imr. Brain i 66.11 , 69.25 , may be presents of simple vb., cf. the later s-pret. taurthais, TBC-LL¹ 1241 (do-tuit?). tarthis, Cóir Anm. 70 . táirthis, RC xiii 106 (LL). táirthidhis, Keat. ii 2334 . 1 pl. tairtemar, TBC-I¹ 2482 . tarthamair, ZCP xii 384.6 . tárthamar, Acall. 2911 . 3 pl. donarthatar, Trip.² 1608 . do-n-arthetar, LL 406b1 . du-sn-arthaiter, AFM vi 2332 . do-airtetar, Lism. L. 522 . dofárthetar, TBC-LL¹ 2489 . dofairthetar, TBC-I¹ 1835 . tarthatar, TBC-LL¹ 677 . AU 961 . tárthetar, TTr.² 722 . tartatar, Aen. 1021 . tarthadar, AFM v 1358 . tairthedar, ii 830 . PH 1913 . conid [t]airthiter , AU 946 . gu tairredar , CCath. 2404 .

Pass. pres. doairrither, Laws iv 140.y . tarrthaitear, IT iii 198.11 . i tairthither , LL 14b10 = tarthither, BB 42a23 . tarthithear, Lec. 571a28 . Subj. pres. mana tarrustar , Laws iv 244.1 ; ii 180 , 288 , 62.3 . ge notairister , 182 (?). nár tarrustar , Duan. F. i 55.29 . Impf. ní tharrastá , TTr.² 181 . co tarusta , Laws v 328 , cf. ii 90.5 . da taraisdea , iii 100.6 . Fut. tarrustar `shall be overtaken', AFM 825 (poem). Condit. -tairistea, Laws iii 528.8 . Pret. and perf. tarras, LU 3121 . tarrus (passim). rotharrus, Ériu i 102 § 59 . tarrthus, Aen. 649 . tarrthas, AFM vi 2010 . tairtes, ii 792.1 . pl. co tarrassa , Rawl. B 503, 39a (Plummer MS. notes).

Exx. of simple vb. tarraid (from pret.?). Indic. pres. 1 s. tárruim (sic leg.?), KMMisc. 366.26 . Subj. pres. 1 s. no co tarar-sa , TTebe 2764 . Pret. 1 s. tarrusa, Acall. 5233 . ? 2 s. tarrais, 5533 (doradais, tathradais, v.l.). 3 s. do tharr , Rel. Celt. ii 192.11 . 1 pl. do tharramar , Duan. F. i 90.16 . 2 pl. tarabhair-si, RC xxix 112 § 8 . 3 pl. tárratar, Fianaig. 91.11 . tarradar, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 340.4 . gu tairredar , CCath. 2404 . ní tháirsiot , Hugh Roe 150.23 . conus-táirsetar, AFM ii 1042 . Pass. -ttarustar, AFM i 26.3 .

For vn. see tárrachtain.

I As trans. vb.

(a) overtakes, comes up with, comes upon unawares, catches: araile laech . . . domárraid-si, LU 9361 . do-airthend Cuculaind in Mórrigan, RC x 222 . dolluid Mider . . . rosfarraid dara n-ése, Metr. Dinds. iii 42 . ni tharra-sum Patraic, Lism. L. 193 . dosfairtestar ┐ rongeoguin, Alex. 789 . donarthatar tri druíd oc Raith R., Trip.² 1606 . conus táirsetar Goill oc Fiondabhair, AFM 1133 (ii 1042) . dosn-árthet ocht fichit oss n-allaid and, TBC-I¹ 195(LU) . co tairthed C. inn urchur dolléced asa thailm riasú rísad talmain would catch the missile, 1512 (LU). Often in hostile sense attacks, falls on: domfarraid (leg. don-) iarum A. co fiacail fidbi ina eton, YBL 205b35 . a tri dodnairthet (sic leg.) occo; huaill ┐ dimus ┐ ferc three things assail him in pursuit of it (i.e. truth), ZCP iii 450.26 . ? masa log othrusa theit do doarthenn cach ni dachuaid seacha, O'D. 2309 ( Rawl. B 506, 31a ) = Ériu xii 34.10 . Of events, disasters, etc., comes upon, befalls: cid do-t-árruigh? what has happened to thee?, TE § 9 . dafarraid galar sickness seized him, Trip.² 298 . condastárraid tess, SR 3019 . co mbad i llius libsi danarsitis ec that he should die, Irish Texts i 12 § 37 . a ndo doraid tarraid Coinculainn all the misfortune that had befallen C., IT i 299 . nirsam óg; tarrad mór rí ar gach rótt I have overtaken (i.e. outlived) many kings, Fen. 224 . doneoch tharradais do rígaib of all the kings thou hast come across, LL 303b30 = RC xiii 84 , Lism. L. p. 306 . fri cuimne seanchad indraice do[no] doairrither in ime by the memory of respectable antiquaries by whom the fence is overtaken (= in whose time the fence was erected), Laws iv 140 Comm. (cf. Plummer, Ériu viii 129 ). ma[d] gell bes airde ináit a fe[i]ch ┐ foiche De donairrtet, O'D. 122 ( H 3.17 101 ) = ┐ foichid De dia tharrachtain, O'Curry 2691 ( Eg. 88, 59 (60)a ). tarraid me Eri ar da mag I have seen Ireland with but two plains, Fen. 270 . an ttárthaidh tú no ar cuimhin leat leithéad na maidne anae? did you ever experience . . . the like of yestermorn?, Celt. Rev. x 138 . Note also: conid a mmárb tarraid talmain fell dead to the ground, LU 9093 ( FB § 84 ). rí is ferr tarraid talam, YBL 121a41 . riasiu táirset talmain, BDD 95 .

(b) reaches, comes to: gonach tartha int aitheach int áth ar tús romam, ZCP viii 552 , cf. TBC-LL¹ 1878 . tarthaigh T. tempall Cille C., Imr. Brain i 66 .

(c) catches, seizes, grasps: tarras-[s]a in darna congna de ┐ tarraid D. in congna aile, Acall. 2915 . tarraid C. cruadlann a claidim etarbuas, MR 300 . tairthit a fidbaco ┐ gabait a soighid, Aen. 1127 . tarraidh a láimh leathga robói for alchuing, BS 142 . tarraid a sciath for sdúadhlerg a dhruma girded on, Fianaig. 84 . tarraid gac[h] fer a n-arma ┐ a n-ededh aca, Celt. Rev. iv 10 . Cf. also: ní mó tarrthus cenn furre no for in gaeth it was no more possible to get hold of her than of the wind, Aen. 649 . ní tháirsiot greim forro they did not come up with them, Hugh Roe 150 . Catches, captures: do-m-airthend línaigi Cairill (said by a salmon), Imr. Brain ii 293 . is 'na lín tarras hí (of Lí Ban the mermaid), LU 3121 ( SG 237 ). co tarrus e ittir (sic leg.) na bú ┐ an lorcc, AFM 1094 (ii 946) . cin co tarrustar in cintuch though the delinquent be not apprehended, Laws ii 288 Comm. Cf. PH 8117 : ní tharraid in animm as in curp ann sin (subj. slóg mór na ndemna). Note also: tárraid Fertái bóeghal gona forsin rí[g]fénidh seized an opportunity of wounding, Fianaig. 96 .

(d) finds: ni tharraid in t-ór ar n-impod he did not find the gold on his return (?), Lism. L. 193 . romudaigh . . . i tarraid da bur muintir ann such of your people as he found there, CCath. 5155 . co nā tarras acht a cnáma lomma only their bare bones remained (lit. were found), BDD App. 156 . a n-áes in-ob-tarras the age ye have attained (lit. in which ye have been found), RC x 64 .

(e) gets, attains to, secures (common in case of simple vb. tarraid, etc.): for deich treib tarraid a reir he acquired rule (obedience to his will) over ten tribes, SR 6535 . a cūic fichet dib tarthatar raind, inna cūic fichet aile ni tharthatar raind, Ériu iii 140 . na cūic cétfatha triassa tarrthaitear in fis through which knowledge is obtained, IT iii 198 . araba ina tairtemar dā deigchleamnas what we have gained by his becoming our son-in-law, TBC-I¹ 2482 (YBL) = araba a ttaramoir-ne, ZCP x 282 . dot' tharbha ní thárrasa | cuid ghiolla an eich don gheirrfhiadh I never got as much of your favour as the horseboy gets of the hare, Dánta Gr. 61.15 . tnúth ré dtárrthus do ṡochar jealousy of the rewards I have got, Content. ix 28 .

With follg. vn.: sul tarraid a n-etrāin torchratar ocht cét díb before they could be separated, TBC-LL¹ 4580 . ní tharraid etargaire, co romarbait a ndis intercession was of no avail, LL 30b15 = ní tarrus ædarghaire (a e.?), RC xv 281 ( Dinds. i § 14 ) = ní tharthus a edargaire, BB 350a27 . go nach dtárrthas anacal nā imdeaguil ar na hairdrioghaibh sin no protection was to be had against those kings, MR 86 . Note also: tarraidh secht mbliadna . . . C. reigned seven years, BB 47b10 . tarraigh O. . . . fichit bliadan, Lec. 621a39 . Cf. tarraid F. . . . . re ré coic mbliadan . . . ar mag Ailig, Arch. Hib. ii 49 § 23 .

(f) visits, avenges (an offence) on (with AR, FOR): no co tararsa ar na Tiauandib crechta . . . mo chuirp till I avenge my wounds on the Thebans, TTebe 2764 . mani tharrastá co luath, ní tharrastá co bráth if it were not avenged speedily it would never be avenged, TTr.² 181 . gach olc darónsat tarras orra, Cog. 116.4 . tren tarras air on rioghain stern vengeance overtook him from the queen, Duan. F. i 32 . So also in Laws Comm. : cach ni roghabh . . . is a cin fair, mana tarrustar for a fine unless (the offence) be charged on his `fine', Laws iv 244 . madh codhnach fuachnuighes fris . . . dia tarrustar fair, ní ícand int aite frisin athair if a responsible adult attacks him (the foster-child) . . . if he is punished the foster-father does not pay damages to the father, ii 180 . Note also: tarrus forro siar ┐ soir | in-deochad ubaill Adaim was visited upon, Lec. 84a27 .

(g) With árach lays, imposes a pledge, bond (on): tárratar in dias [s]in arach comraic ┐ comlainn ar a céli pledged themselves to fight each other, Fianaig. 92 . tarrus arach orum-sa uime sin a pledge has been laid on me to that effect, Ériu iii 154 . táirthis [Moling] bæth n-araig fair laid a deluding bond on him (alluding to the promise exacted by M. from Finnachta for the remission of the Borama), RC xiii 106 . See maeth.

II Intrans. comes up, arrives (but perh. originally with infixed pron.): dofárthetar dā mac B. . . . ┐ rodgonat, TBC-LL¹ 2489 = dofáirthetar, TBC-I¹ 1835 LU. dofarraid leo . . . coruc caerig dia cháireib, SR 5715 . contarthatar coin altai co romarbsad an inilt, Toch. Becfola 176 ( Ir. MSS. Ser. i ). co tarraid debaid iter Aedan mac G. ┐ int Aed mac A. a quarrel arose, YBL 126a14 . Usually with prepp. AR, FOR, DO, I comes up with, overtakes, falls upon: tarthetar sluaig in tíre forru, TTr.² 722 . tarthemar-ne air, Acall. 2911 . uair na tarraidh fair since he could not come up with him, Aen. 3146 . . . . do tharaid ar chath curad chanced upon (was involved in) a contest (?), Todd Nenn. lxix . amal tarraigh don ḟidbuith sin when he reached that wood, RC ix 468 (LU). dotharraid teidm duairc dóib, SR 4157 . dos-farraigh ingnad anaithnigh doibh isin forais, Grail 3392 . mór tarraidh don teguscc riogh, | dīden cōra, cosg feilgnīomh much falls (pertains) to a king's training, ZCP ii 350 . uair tarras-[s]a dot muintirus since I have attained to thy fellowship, Acall. 4118 . co tarraidh colgdés in chlaidhimh . . . 'na cloigenn lodged in his skull, MR 298 . See further Celtica iii 267-8 .

See 1 tárr(th)aigid and 2 tárr(th)aigid.

fecht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fecht or dil.ie/21408
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: fecht, fectae, fechta, fecta, fecht, infectso, ind[ḟ]ectsa, indectso, fodechtsa, fhecht

n ā, f. later also m., sometimes n. (? 1 fichid Bretha 60 ): n s m. in fecht (Ib) CRR 15 ( LL 173b ). g s f. na fectae , Wb. 33a20 (Ia). m. or n. ind fechta , SR 6447 .

I A course, journey, expedition , usually one in which a number of persons participate and often of a hostile enterprise.

(a) In general sense: feacht .i. turas, O'Cl. fecht a uecho (= veho ?), O'Mulc. 505 . hore rombu thoissech na fectae (of Moses leading the Israelites) Wb. 33a20 . dorala drem do Bretnaib Sratha C. for f.¤ dochum a mbráthar .i. co Bretnu Armuirc Letha, Trip. 16.8 . luid Srú sair for f.¤ dochum na Scithia, LL 130b45 . is baeth do ḟeacht | isin maigin i ta do ḟert, TBC-I¹ 1565 . dochúaid feacht buadha ... | suas go tech an Duilemhan, BNnÉ 287.1 . eser ní re ndol ar f. ¤ , ZCP vii 269.21 ; 'you shall eat something before going on a journey', ZCP xxix 104 . ros-biadh mor do scelaib atfesedh for a f.¤ (the sun) would have many tales to tell on its course Ériu ii 126.1 . roslín mertain ... dia fechtaib o tir diles, SR 3446 . f.¤ féile a journey of (free) entertainment, visit of hospitality (properly an occasion of hospitality belonging to II below UR 122 ), mentioned as an example of `fled deoda,' O'Dav. 954 . (dist. from the customary entertainment which was due to the lord according to terms of service): biatha fechta féile .i. aoidhechta aonaidche, no aon lae doberar do gradh uasal in leth nach táinic riamh, ┐ a techt le toisc deithbhire ┐ a biathadh iarna lín ┐ iarna dáimh ┐ iarna uaisle, O'D. 679 ( H 3.17, 497 ). Laws iii 18y Comm. biad fechta feile, i 126. 23 Comm. ii 26.13 Comm . is fri gnathles do in cethrurso, ar is ochtar do for a daim fechta feile, Irish Texts iv 23.13 . curup ed tig in grad flatha da tig .i. fer for a lan-daim .i. in tan is for fecht feili, no fer for a leth-daim, in tan is fria gnāith-leasa, Laws v 42.16 Comm. a lan-dam maraen re gach nduine ... for fecht feli do tig a comgraid ib. 20 . Cf. asrimgaib in fili dāma (.i. fechta fēle) asa thig, ZCP xv 334 ( xvi 222 ). Rendered `a (one) night's entertainment' Laws Transl. pass. srethugud a dáme for fecht féle .i. cétadaig aigidechta duni do thig a cheli conid lánbiathad dliges iarum in n-aidchisin acht corop deithbir no n-imluade. ┐ a biathad iarna dáim ┐ iarna grad ┐ iar n-úasli ┐ iarna lín. Gnáthless im. dó cech tan rachas o sain immach. ni dlig acht lethbiathad ┐ ni dlig cid éside menip ra deithbir dig, LL 187a44 ff . cia līn dām na firfhiled | for feacht fēili, for caī cuir | for gnathlessaib, for fledaibh?, Auraic. 2221 . ceathrur ar fichit ... fecht feili ollaman righ, 2224 .

(b) a raid or hosting: a fecht ┐ a slóged la firu Erend ... a cāin ┐ a cobach la firu Alban (of the obligations of the Scottish Dál Ríata) LU 375 . ro saertha clerig Erenn ar f.¤ ┐ sluagad, Fél. 4. 7 . mnāu do hsoerad ... ar fegt, ar sloagath, Cáin Ad. 6 . techt ar cenn catha ..., fechta ┐ slōgaid, 3 . Lúagni ... | cen dola ar fecht lem, LU 9949 . ... is he sin ... fecht dia romarbad Saól the hosting whereby Saul was slain SR 6432 . fer d'aes ind fechta one of the invaders 6447 (cf. d below). ba fās fri fianna fecta warrior-bands (g s. as attrib. ?) LL 6a6 = Keat. i p. 168 .

(c) a fight, attack, assault (? original meaning Bretha 60 ): fíchset co ferda a fechta `their fights' Metr. Dinds. iii 150.7 . Fintan ... fecht fland `of bloody battles' ii 12.45 = LU 4161 . gai ... feras feochtu, LL 12b44 = feachdo, BB 39b30 ( IT iii 61 , 62 ).

(d) transf. of persons making a foray, a (marauding) band: Cland Meic D. do teacht feacht Albanach ar tarraing Meic U. `with a band of Scots' AFM v 1488.7 . ro tionoil [Ó N.] ... fecht adhbhal Albanach, 1352.17 . tanaicc go ffeacht mor Albanach lais, 1540.7 .

(e) in chevilles, course, proceeding (?): baí Dauid ... inna thig fo míad, f.¤ ṅgúr, SR 5947 . co mbái i nOchain, f.¤ co n-uaill, Metr. Dinds. ii 20 . aeinis Senan tes ind-ailen Ard N. ... ba feacht feidhil `an enduring battle' Lism. L. 2105 . (f) military service ( The Kingship and Landscape of Tara 111 ): is la rīg Laīchsi Rēta trā a fecht, Corp. Gen. 93 (Rawl. 127 b 13) . cen chobach cen fecht cen [sh]luaged, Notitiæ as Leabhar Cheanannais 10.10 .

II A time, occasion = Fr. fois, Germ. Mal; cf. similar use of W. gwaith and in later Ir. of dul, turas; in this sense appar. always neut. or masc. For transition of meaning cf. is é-seo mo chétḟecht latsu; bud é mó ḟ.¤ dedenach co mbrunni ṁbrátha, TBC-LL¹ 1207 (mo cetturus et mo cetfeacht St), where Wind. translates mein erstes Mal ... mein letztes Mal, but the sense may perhaps be `expedition, chariot-ride.' Usually as adverb or in stereotyped phrases, rarely with prep. (except when compounded with an adj.: isin cetfecht, PH 3630 ; i n-oénfecht, see below): frithṡecnap for f.¤ an alternate vice-abbot (?) on occasion ZCP v 499 § 3 . fecht (absol.) on a single occasion, once: Cluain ... do argain fo thri; ... f.¤ o Síl nA. ┐ fo dó hó Callraidhi once by S.A. and twice by C. RC xvii 390.25 . ar na hathleagad fecht for a sé resmelted seven times CCath. 4679 . once (on a time) = Lat. olim, quondam: robámarni f.¤ co cátaid acut LU 3917 ( SCC 43 ). bali i teigtis f.¤ fir whither men used once to resort IT i 158 ( LL 154a46 ). cathair oirechuis isidhe do Thartraidibh fect riam formerly Marco P. 28 . ni raibhi rí forro fect riam ` theretofore ' 29 . denaid umhla ... isin bethaidh n-aili amail doronsabair feacht riamh ` before ' 35 . o do marbad P. Seon fecht riam doberat, etc. `ever since P. John was killed' 46 . Similarly in the phr.: f.¤ roboí (folld. by main clause): f.¤ robai luid araile manoch once upon a time a certain monk went Mon. Tall. § 66 . f.¤ ro búi damsae domchaomnacuir airisem I once chanced to stay § 45 . Cf. fechta for nia nem (.i. in tan noragad in trenfer for nem) `at the time the champion (should go) to heaven', (`may be g s. ... as advb.', Stokes) ACC 115 ( RC xx 282 ). f.¤ n-and (n-óen) once upon a time, on one occasion = Lat. olim (see Thurneysen, KZ lvii 72 ff ): dorochoir f.¤ n-and iarum do B. denam na fledi, IT ii 173.9 . f.¤ n-and baí ... oc fennad loíg, LL 260a16 ( IT i 71.14 ). f.¤ ann testa tarb do indilib Gargain, PH 6301 . f.¤ and foidid ... a manchu do buain choeluig, Lat. Lives 110 . fecht n-and do Ultaib i nEmain Macha once when the Ulstermen were in E. LU 9177 ( FB 91 ). fect and do Mártain ina recles taet demun chuci, RC ii 396.21 ( LB 60b56 ). búi C. ... ind Emuin M. fect n-oen ann, IT i 136.17 (Eg.). feacht n-aen da roibhhe Cond ... a Teamraig, Ériu iii 150.3 . fect n-oen do Ailill ┐ do Meidb ... arrecaim comrad ... eturru, TBC-LL¹ 2 . f.¤ n-aile (n-aill) another time, on another occasion: fecht n-ali luid S. do A., Trip. 240.21 . f.¤ n-aill forréccaig Mac R. in mag a second time TBC-LL¹ 5041 . fect aile do M. ina recles taet demun chuci, RC ii 396.27 ( LB 60bz ). f.¤ and is lethan, f.¤ aile is cumung at one time ... at another PH 3996 . dála an chléirigh eacht eile 'like the cleric on another occasion', Giolla Brighde 34 § 21 . On a former occasion (= Fr. autrefois): atchuala lib in mac ṁbec sain f.¤ n-aill i Cruachain, TBC-LL¹ 844 . rí rogabustar rígi for Erinn fecht n-aill, Anecd. v 17.22 = Ériu ii 174.3 . faidhis Magnus C. fecht n-aill techta, Marco P. 24 . do bi rí uaibrech ... ara tir sin f.¤ n-aill, Maund. 131 . cidam bocht ... indiu baam bannrighan ... echt ele, D IV 2, 71[61]r a 3 . With art: in cetna f.¤ ... in f.¤ n-aili the first time ... the second time TBC-I¹ 3106.09 . imun Michíl inddalae f.¤, immon Muiri a f.¤ n-aild, Mon. Tall. § 30 . nolinged i n-arddi in f.¤ n-aile ... no theiged in f.¤ n-aile isin talmain at one time ... at another LU 9138 ( FB 88 ). indara f.¤ ... in f.¤ n-aill at one time ... at another LU 1978 . Cf. atracht Isu indala f.¤ isin pelait a second time PH 2638 . an dara feacht, TSh. 316 . an dara feacht, is follus ... in the second place; again Eochairsg. 22.28 . ba marb aenfhecht ... atbela in f.¤ tanaise a second time PH 1245 .

in (a, ind) f.¤ sa (the word is in the adverbial case, in, being acc. of the art., ind the dat.; a (hi, i) is apparently the neut. acc. art., though hi, i, may be prep. Cf. the exx. below without art.), on this occasion, now, passing later into sense henceforth: in f.¤ sa this time, now Sg. 11a4 . BCr. 18b10 , PCr. 62a2 . in f.¤ so, Sg. 20b4 , 153b3 . in fectsa (nunc) Wb. 9b20 . infectso, 3c13 . 7c5 . ind[ḟ]ectsa, 3a7 (opp. to `riam') 3c22 . nitat pecthi collnidi híccatar and indechtso, cebtar hé riam, 4a8 . indectso, 4d3 . (opp. to `cosse'). tecat don chomram a fecht-sa, IT i 105.1 (LL). 128.28 ( LU 10785 ) = fodechtsa, Eg. hi fecht-sa cinnas dothíagat, LU 8703 ( FB 53 ). BColm. 56.22 . is rí Ulad Conchobar i fechtsa, MU² 108 ( LL 262b17 ). TBC-LL¹ 1168 . i fectsa, 718 . congab i fechtsa forsind fit sin cot'ēc henceforward Mon. Tall. § 60 . iar tiachtain do Adamnan hifecta ni gatar a forgall, etc., Cáin Ad. 4 . Maithi tra, a A., or sí, hifechta is duitsiu doratath mnā ... do hsōerath, 11 . ērigh suas hifecta as t'ochlach, 15 . a bfechtsa, BColm. 62.21 . cid dogena fecht-sa what wilt thou do now? LU 3372 ( SCC 16 ). nā bíd ar n-airfitiud fechtsa ... i n-arsaidecht na tol collaide henceforth PH 5280 . misi dobēra bíathad duit ... fechtsa co bráth, BColm. 62.9 . is ed ráides Foachtach i fechtso, Ériu xi 45.11 = i bhfechtsa, Ériu xiii 46.24 . See festa and fo-dechtsa.

cach f.¤ each time, every time: Laws iii 282.24 . gach feacht, Keat. Poems 1598 . cach la (re, ra; see 1 aile) f.¤ every second time, alternately: rannfaider in rigi cach re f.¤ eter a clannaib the kingship will be held by their (Brian's and Fiachra's) children in turn RC xxiv 174.20 . comdūchus cirt Casil cach ar (leg. ara or ra) f.¤ doibsin, Cog. 54.12 . gac re ffecht, 212.19 . gurab dóibh ... budh chóir ríghe M. gach ré bhfeacht, Keat. iii 4362 .

oínḟecht once for all; on one occasion (only): used in Glosses to transl. Lat. semel Ml. 138b8 . 34a9 (oinecht). oinecht a ppecad amal [as] n-oinecht rombebe colinn Crist (gl. mortuus est semel) Wb. 3b3 . mad oenfecht tra nom-gairfea, ni fhrecer-sa dó if he calls me only once PH 1495 . is aenfhecht rochés Crist, 5203 . mad daríus Emain oenḟecht if once I reach E. TBC-LL¹ 1208 .

i n-oínḟecht at the same time, simultaneously = Lat. simul: nach ḟacfed a da céili for talmain i n-oenḟ.¤ , IT i 81.23 ( LL 261b19 ). naro epled sib uli i n-oenfhecht, PH 2832 . co ndechudar a n-enfecht ┐ na T. isin Teibh they and the Thebans entered Thebes together Stair Erc. 741 . go mbiadh dúil ag duine i gcraos ┐ i ndrúis ... ┐ a rádh go mbiadh grádh do Dhia i n-aoinfheacht riú aige that he would love God along with them TSh. 399 . i n-aoinḟeacht sin is biadh da ḟreastal ... táinig ... at the same moment that food was served Keat. iii 1009 . cruinnighid ... a naóinḟeacht am aghaidh gather themselves together against me Psalms lix 3 .

Seldom in pl.: is mor fhecht rom-sáraig many a time PH 3823 . .xl. míle tighidis, xl. fect is aitreabhthaigh don chathair forty thousand forty times is (the number) of inhabitants Marco P. 139 . teora f.¤ gach aonaighidh three times every night Stair Erc. 122 . teora f.¤ ro thrascair E. ... hé, 2400 .

fén

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fén or dil.ie/21598

Forms: fén, feóin, féin

n o, m.

(a) a waggon, cart, conveyance of some kind: fén (gl. plaustrum) Sg. 21a4 . á .i. fēn no carr no carpat, Corm. Y 70 . f.¤ .i. carr no cairt, O'Cl. fén gac[h] feiretrom, Metr. Gl. 15 . is cumma no cinged ... ┐ nochessed f.¤ dar crínach BDD 41 . is fen for mentae .i. morchumus for becpersain a wain on small birds (?) O'Mulc. 752 . co tucsat hi f.¤ ind arc, SR 5457 ( 1 Reg. vi ). dā dam allaid ... co fhen etarru ┐ in corp and, Trip. 486.23 . g s. aire feóin a wain-load TBC-LL¹ 2092. 2240 . pl. féin (feoin v.l.), CCath. 1796 (= plaustra Luc. Phars. iii 451 ). feoin ... do innell fó na longaibh, 1402 . ic fogluasacht na fén, 1818 . aire coícat fén, LU 6005 . tarthúd úire for fénaib, Metr. Dinds. iii 194.7 . tenmnedach na damraide fana fenaib, LL 304a46 ( Bor. 106 ).

(b) in follg. exx. fén seems to denote some part of a chariot or its appurtenances : ro suidiged in carpat sin for dá n-echaib ... fo grinnib áillib a ḟén, LU 6489 . carpat ... for dib echaib ... ma grindib āllib a ḟēn, TBC-I¹ 2334 ; aen = a [ḟ]ēn, 2557 .

See fénae.

feraid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. feraid or dil.ie/21676
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: fer, ferid, —fera, rofera, ferat, ɔdinroirea, condiroira, conroíret, fersai, ferais, fer—, fir—, nofired, firfeasa, firfassa, firfid, firfes, fhirfes, firis, ḟírastar, firfaider, firfitir, fiur—, fiurad, noḟurad, rom-fiurfu-sa, fiurfadh, furfadh, foir—, —foirfed, nosfórfed, fertom, feartot, ferthos, romferat, f.

v ā O. Ir. forms: imperat. s. 2 fer, Thes. ii 47.16 . pres. s. 3 ferid, Wb. 4b19 . —fera, Thes. ii 294.15 . (with ro-) rofera, 24b15 , 29b13 . pl. 3 rom ferat , Ml. 22d5 . pres. subj. s. 3 ɔdinroirea, Wb. 29b16 . cf. condiroira (for condid-roírea), Ériu vii 140.32 . pl. 3 conroíret, Wb. 29a9 . pret. s. 2 fersai, Blathm. 85 . s. 3 ferais Hy v 30 . SR 3033 .

In Mid. Ir. beside the normal fer— are found the stems:

(1) fir—: impf. s. 3 nofired, LU 10137 . fut. s. 1 firfeasa, TBC-I¹ 1023 = firfassa, LU 5504 . 3 firfid SR 8203 . Trip. 120.6 . rel. firfes, LU 4546 . fhirfes, B. in Scáil § 32 . pret. s. 3 firis, TBC-LL¹ 3388 . ra ḟírastar , LL 262b1 . Pass. fut. s. firfaider, 46b9 ( Ériu i 130 ). pl. firfitir, LU 10379 .

(2) fiur— (fur—), esp. in sense `suffices' or `supplies': impf. s. 3 no fiurad , LL 258b15 . noḟurad, 115b6 fut. s. 3 rom-fiurfu-sa, Ériu iv 142.14 . sec. fut. s. 3 con fiurfadh IT iii 188.2 = furfadh BB. Rarely foir—, sec. fut. s. 3 —foirfed, Acall. 3946 . nosfórfed, LU 2059 (cf. fo-fera) With suff. pron.: fertom ... feartot `serves me', `serves thee' Auraic. 1618 , 1619 (?) = 4691 ff . (see ZCP xvii 293 ). ferthos pays them (acc. pron.), Laws iv 328.3 . 330.14 (Críth Gablach).

The primary sense of the vb. is grant, afford, supply , and this is implicit in later development; the distinction below between I and II is mainly for convenience of reference.

I Grants, supplies .

(a) suffices, furnishes enough for; in Glosses with perfective ro— (lit. `is able to grant'); with pers. obj. (see ZCP xiii 105 § 5 ): coimsetu biid et áetich, ní rofera tantum just what suffices (gl. cum sufficientia) Wb. 29b13 . is suail romfera it is little suffices me 24b15 . mod ɔ dinroirea `the way that He supplies us' 29b16 . romferat they can suffice me Ml. 22d5 . co n-im[m]im rofera with sufficient butter Laws ii 254.3 . O'Dav. 947 . Cf. dofargaid arrofera offers what suffices (?) O'Dav. 979 (cf. Laws v 502y ). ól nguala, issí nofired Ultu uli, LU 10137 . nos-fiurad in ballán the cup used to suffice them (?) LL 370cx . ni taprad acht ēn-trian ┐ nofiuradh an sluaigh [sic] on trāth co 'role it used to suffice the host RC xii 70.1 . proinn cēd nosferud (nó fiuradh), BNnÉ 300.14 (feradh v.l.). nir bo bec immorro in biathad .i. muc ... do cach ḟir. No bítis fir istaig ... nach ferad sain whom that did not suffice LL 106b20 = Ériu iv 26.6 . rusfirfi min gainme will suffice them ZCP x 344.2 . nosfoirfed do biud boltnugud the smell would suffice them for food FA 13 LB = nosfórfed, LU 2059 . nom-firraidh do ascadhaibh satisfy me (imperat. pl. 2) ZCP xii 245 § 7 . roḟerastar torad in aen-méich bracha iat o Chaplait co Minchaisc eis ... abundauit Lat. Lives 72 (= co ro urthastar LB 64b5 ). Lism. L. 1361 . fúrfait bar cuirp coin your bodies will glut dogs Alex. 224 . confoirfed secht lanamna, Acall. 3946 (would be enough for ?). gilla ... usce innḟuar roḟoiread 1196 . ní nosfhiúrfadh in fhoirenn what would suffice the crew Hugh Roe² 4.16 (f. 2b) .

(b) with acc. of thing supplies, provides: ɔroíret a mbethid that they may provide their livelihood (gl. subministret illis) Wb. 29a9 . Cf. an cach rí ro fes follan fera [ = rofera f.¤ ?], O'Dav. 887 . rofherasdar mil ┐ fíon ... doibh, BNnÉ 110.19 . rofertha fer cacha maitne do fhuined muicci a man was told off every morning to cook a pig RC xiv 245 . ferdair a n-othrusa uile (i.e. they all get sick-maintenance) Laws iii 356.3 . O'Dav. 887 (`all their sick-maintenances are provided' BCrólige p. 90 ). In wider sense gives, yields, pays: gach call (= coll) ... go bferfa lán dabhcha dhe will yield a vat-full KMMisc. 168 § 3 . rosferastar Lasar di á cill L. bestowed her church on her Lism. L. p. 328y = Irish Texts i 16 (= obtulit Tertia V. c. 44 ). in tī nād mbī arbur feruid a lōgh do saimbiud he who has no corn supplies its complement of summer food BCrólige § 27 . feraid a lōg a rēir breitheaman pays Laws v 466.8 . fertair al-lōg di pennait, 390.8 . fertair a focruic a imcomus fer arocuile otrus `the fee for them is given in proportion' etc. BCrólige § 33 . muna rofeara (.i. muna eirne) flaith seotu, Laws ii 264.1 . (for: ro-era, as in 262.14 . 264.15 ? See ernaid). ferdair collna set in aithcuir are returned 322.5 ( ZCP xiv 387 ). ferthar .i. ērnithar, O'Dav. 979 .

(c) brings (?): drongtar fir, fertar mná are carried off (?) LU 5466 ( TBC-I¹ 990 , rhet.). Cf. feraid .i. atairgid, ut est: feraid insci di na rochar arra, O'Dav. 887 .

II Gives forth, pours .

(a) in lit. sense pours, showers, sheds, esp. of natural phenomena (rain, etc.). Orig. trans. and used impersonally or with refl. pron., later often intrans.: ferais snechta mór forru it snowed heavily on them LU 4777 . feraid snechta mór foroib, 10576 . feraid dertain IT iii 67 § 2 . tech innā fera flechod, Thes. ii 294.15 . nocar ḟer banne ina gort-si not a drop (of rain) fell Lat. Lives 85 . Cf. A mu Buach | feras in tond frisin mbruach, Anecd. i 12.21 (cf. aiges in tond ib. 19 ). Of blood, etc.: is ḟort raḟer mh'fuil was shed TBC-LL¹ 3955 . forfaidh [leg. ferfaidh ?] cru dar cuiged C. anocht aigi he will make blood flow ZCP viii 529.28 . fearaid ... déara aithrige ón inghin, A. Ó Dálaigh li 22 . Pól ... fearais cioth déar, Ir. Monthly, 1928, 437 . secht n-aithsceanmanda feardu (= ferte) fuil that shed blood Laws v 156.11 . do láim Find ferad a fuil `by the hand of F. her blood was spilt' Metr. Dinds. iii 234.20 . (but feraid v.l.). in ferfat ... frasa mo dēr dar mo gruaidh ?, ZCP x 46 § 6 . ilar fule firfitir, LU 10384 = firfaidtir , ZCP iii 256.22 (cf. d below). do fearadh an díle dóibh ... gur báitheadh iad, Keat. i p. 140.13 . Of other things than liquids: atchíu don bláth fertha fort ... bat fornocht `the bloom that bedecked thee' Metr. Dinds. iii 96.3 [doubtful reading; v.l. fort(h)a]. Cf. fiaich fotha firfitir, LU 10379 .

(b) by extension pours out (cries, lamentations, etc.), vents, gives expression to (a feeling, etc.): ní ferae [fera MSS.] coíni lament not Ériu i 198.8 . feraid guba makes lamentation Metr. Dinds. iii 42.36 . in gair ┐ ind gubha ferfuidit [ferfaidid, YBL 137a34 ] fir ┐ mna hoc coīned a macan, ZCP iii 227.13 (cf. d below). ferdais nual, SR 7209 . no feartais coin ... ualla mora, CCath. 884 . rofhersat a nguth raised their voices BS 176.32 . ... feras amran frim, O'Mulc. 350 = LL 275a3 . lin a fer fir ferdais feirg SR 4981 . ferfaid feirg will pour out his wrath KMMisc. 156.120 . Folld. by fri of pers.: ferais fáilte fris welcomed him BDD 39 (see fáilte). ferid itge frissin deacht, Wb. 4b19 . fermaid-ni nemeli fri rig nime, Mon. Tall. § 1 . nā fer mol | frisin marb ... pour not praise upon the dead LL 275a9 ( Mór M. § 6 ). roḟer surge ... fri mnaí coím paid court Metr. Dinds. ii 18 . rimsa na fer do ṡaebe `ply not thy perversities on me' Mart. Tall. 118.4 .

(c) esp. with obj. like cath, comlonn, etc., of giving battle: ní math d'ḟerus bāig I did not well to fight TBC-LL¹ 3962 . nā fer bāig, TBC-I¹ 953 . Feradach ferad catha, Metr. Dinds. iii 268 . firfid secht catha C., B. in Scáil 10 ( ZCP xx 221 ). firfid gle ib. B. in Scáil 16 . magen i ferfaithe in cath, LL 170a24 ( Dinds. 158 ). ba brigach dano roferad in cath sin ib. LL 170a 31 . ro ferad cath croda ... do dib lethib etarro, Ann. Conn. 1256 § 6 . im-mís Iuil ... | iss ann ferass [in grian] a lāngleō, SR 246 . o rofersat a ṅgriss ṅglain | a ndíss oca n-impressain, 1881 . isé in mac sa ferfas bar ngresa ZCP v 504.4 . gur ḟeradar gleic ferrdha ... ┐ rofersat comlann cruaidh, Ériu iii 166x . firfaider int imm[ḟ]orrán, i 130.38 . gae ... feras fechtu, IT iii 61.13 . gach ágh ┐ gach acais ┐ gach iomarcaigh do fearadh 'na cheann, ML 100.4 . With obj. omitted: in feraim-sea for galaib aenḟir no ar līnaib fer whether I am to fight in single combat or against many Ériu i 116.27 . firfait dīabalnāmait 'opposing enemies will fight', BDC 112.137 ​.

(d) in wider sense with abstr. or vn. as obj., does, performs, executes (cf. fer airli, gl. age ( Ecl. viii 17 ), Thes. ii 47.16 ): ferait a n-aittreb isin glind make their abode LU 2157 ( FA 22 ). rufer āmaill in cech cāin `has made sport' Hail Brigit § 12 ( LL 49b42 ). fer ... firfes chless, LU 4546 (sic leg. TBC-I¹ 58 ). firfassa ardchless ar bélaib eirred, LU 5504 ( firfeasa, TBC-I¹ 1023 ). fearfad a chluiche caointe, IT ii2 146z . ni fertar cluichi fair hi tig no games are played in the house in which he is (= he is not annoyed by games) BCrólige § 61 . is é céad-duine ag ar fearadh a chluiche caointe, TSh. 5570 . Cf. ferait a fert...i rRos na Ríg they make his grave in R. LU 4067 . roferad comarli oca áes gráda ┐ iss ed ro chinset ..., LU 4062 . aimsir in lucair ... firfes a comrama who will achieve his triumphs BNnÉ 305.29 . tegh an fir ro ferustar in cneid `who has inflicted the wound' BCrólige § 23 Comm. nā fer finga[i]l 'mot ēnmac, Ériu i 118.7 . ni fertar scannail `no brawls are made' BCrólige § 61 . feraiset grafaind `held a horse-race' RC ix 466 = agat g., Anecd. i 54.3 . firfid graphainn gergaile, SR 8203 . in grafand rofersam `the race that we have run' Fél. Ep. 73 . rofersam ar n-iarair we have made our search ib. Ep. 2 (glossed: doronsam iarraid , O'Dav. 1356 . feraid for n-aigidacht innocht and get your entertainment there to-night LU 8864 ( FB 66 ). o rofersat tri aidchi aigidechta when they had spent three nights of guesting LU 1861 ( RC x 50 ). aonach no fertha lais ... in gach bliadhain, Corm. Y 796 . fertha óenach la hUltu, LU 3228 ( SCC 2 ). a rogu ro fer .i. ro ferastar a rogu `his choice he made' ACC 135 ( RC xx 410 ). is cian mār ria C. roferad táin bo Cuailnge, O'Mulc. 779 . do ferad mór d'ulc ré lá much ill was wrought in his time Cog. 100.19 (poem). Folld. by FOR (AR) of pers. inflicts (on), deals (to): bean for a fertar ainim, Laws v 294.18 Comm. nā fer aithber form, TBC-I¹ 1215 . nā ros[f]hera brón fuirri, MacCongl. 97.6 . gac[h] fer fora ferthar fuil, BCrólige § 10 Comm. masa beocned roferad air, Laws iii 288.17 . ferais M. tri crechta ... fair, TFerbe 422 . iarsin mórḟingail rofersat for soerchlannaibh Erend, ZCP xi 63.11 . is alaind feras al-luad | gabair Baetain for in sluagh bears his course against AU 562 (but: gobhar ... rés an tsluagh, AFM 555 ). With direct obj. omitted: fear, a Chríost, ar lucht na mbréag take vengeance on Dánta Gr. 9.36 . Cf. flesc maith Moisi ... rofer for aesa a Egept, SR 4330 (corresp. to: barr flesci Moysi ór chuirestar plága ┐ piana for illtuathaib Egeipti, LB 121a28 ). for slig frisndringtiss, conclistiss for a rind, na ferad for a fonnib RC xi 444.28 . In follg. exx. feraid ar (of thing) may mean spends one's energies on, enjoys: lāntol menman di cech maith, nī ara feram, ACL iii 296 § 42 . Rathan na náemh ro charsam, | sosadh sáer ar ro fhersam, BNnÉ 313.24 . f.¤ fo: in follg. ex. the obj. of the prep. is uncertain: flaith dan cóire Teach D. ... | gach glóir fa dheoidh fearfaidh faoi | leathfaidh a ghnaoi do dheoin Dé, Ir. Monthly 1927, 470 .

folmaigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. folmaigid or dil.ie/23144

v g (1 folam)

I

(a) empties: gac[h] ní ḟolmhuighthir dibh bith lan doridhisi (of vats), Ériu iii 164 § 19 . conā falmaigthea na tuatha o na Cristaigib lest ... should be emptied of (left without) Christians LB 153b15 . teidm mor galair ... tresa folmaigti na bailida can duine beo do facbail intib, Ann. Conn. 1225 § 27 . do ḟolmhuigh a soithech ann sa numar, Gen. xxiv 20 .

(b) despoils (of inhabitants, goods, etc.), lays waste ( tug chuige ... creacha Mumhan ... Clar Urmhumhan gur fholmhaigh, L. Cl. A. B. 108 , may be a fig. use of a) : cur ro folmaigh ┐ curro diláithrigh rempi an doman (of a serpent), CCath. 3863 . doriachtamarne tri catha na Féinne da dighailt, ┐ do falmaigemar in chrich ┐ in ferann, Acall. 2052 . ri ro falmaig ┐ ro fasaig Connachta ar Gallaib ┐ ar Gaidelaib, Ann. Conn. 1274 § 2 . ro falmuighedh Tuaim ┐ ro losced Cell B., RC xviii 298y . cor falmaichedh tricha ced Ciannacht doibh `was desolated by them' AU ii 224 = co ro folmhaighedh ... leó, ALC i 196 . gur folmhuigheadh tíortha ┐ treabha ; iatha ┐ aicmeadha aca, ML 8.1 (= gur folmaighid ML² 90 ).

(c) Med., purges: dona leighesaibh ... folmaighios linn ruadh, O'Gr. Cat. 175x . ni folmuigter in spirut ... o folmugad ele, Rosa Angl. 150.3 . Of bleeding or cupping [dleghur an adharc do chur] a clais cuil in cinn ┐ folmaighe si ona ballaib ainmidhi ann sin, Reg. San. c. xxvii . folmuigid sí an t-adbar, RSláinte iii 10.159 . Cf. co folmuigeann sī co mothuigtheach, 10.142 .

II Vacates (a place), generally in sense of ceding (see SGS i 31 ) : ra falmaiged in bruiden la Conchobor, LL 173a24 ( CRR 13 ). cuinnegar ... baile coro falmaigther duib LL 281b2 . falmaigis Dagda a dún, Ériu vii 227.17 . ra falmaiged dunad ┐ longphort dó, TBC-LL¹ 4520 . ni falmuighthi an longport enfecht dib, RC xviii 48.21 (Tig.). do folmaiged in dúnadh co deifirech leó, CCC 78y . Cf. ró falmhuíghedh leth na cathrach dhi .i. don peist = euacuata est deinde dimedia pars ciuitatis 23 M 7, 186 (= folmaiged, PH 7219 ; leg. folmaigit ?).

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