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1 ben

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ben or dil.ie/5644
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: bean, bean, bein, mnái, mna, mnāi, mnai, mná, mnaa, bein, mnáoi, mná, mnaa, mná, mn, mban, ban, mnaibh, mnáib, mnaib, mnaaib, mnaibh, mhnaoi, mnai, ban-, banab, -aigne, -airchinnech

n ā, f. GOI §§ 190 , 291 , Lohmann ZCP xix 63. bean aithnidh, f., IGT Decl. § 170. See also Ériu xvii 108.

I

(a) woman : n s. in b.¤ , Wb. 11c14 , Imr. Brain 1 , PH 5720. bean, CCath. 1140. in bhean, Duan. F. ii 130 § 23. v s. a b.¤ , LU 3420 ( SCC 19 ). a s. bein ( KZ xlviii 65 ), Laws ii 382.15 ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 49 § 23 ), Metr. Dinds. iv 178.w (: Celetir), Ériu vi 136.78 , Auraic. 1835. mnái gl. mulierem, Wb. 10a10 , Imr. Brain 2 , CCath. 1141. mna, Críth G. 125 , mnāi, ACL iii 308.13 , mnai, Trip. 86.24 . g s. mná, Críth G. 124 , Imr. Brain 26 , PH 857. mnaa, LL 7558 , TSh. 5773. d s. bein, Auraic. 1833 , 5020 . mnáoi, Mon. Tall. 143.10 . n pl. mná (monosyll.), Imr. Brain 41. mnaa (monosyll.), LL 44. mná, TSh. 5718. a pl. mn, LU 8265 ( FB 21 ). g pl. mban gl. mulieres, Wb. 22c10 . ban, Ml. 65c16 . d pl. `somet. disyllabic in verse,' GOI § 291 , mnaibh (disyll.), Blathm. 586. mnáib, LU 3266 ( SCC 6 ), RC xiii 36 § 2. mnaib (monosyll.), LU 3950 ( SCC 44 ). mnaaib, LL 2919. mnaibh, ZCP xvi 225.4 . n du. dī mnái, Cáin Ad. 25. dá mhnaoi , Dán Dé iii 15 . di mnai dec, BCrólige 32 .

As dist. from a virgin: ni finntar in b.¤ fa nac si, Ir. Recht 5 § 3 . femen . . . .i. femur .i. sliasat, air is and is b.¤-si intan fognaithir dia sliasait, Auraic. 609. Of a bird: ben a lleinn co londath, Murphy Lyrics 10 § 10 , Ériu xxii 51 .

(b) With following defining word. With adj.: b.¤ gáelmar, see gáelmar. b.¤ uasal `a lady', BNnÉ 121 § 56 . With part. b.¤ pósta. With gen. of definition or description: b.¤ áirge woman of the milking place, dairymaid : in b.¤ airge, Ir. Recht 9 § 11. b.¤ aititen, see aititiu. b.¤ chengail wife: nach béidh fear ’gā mhnaoi cheangail, Celtica iv 109 § 10 . b.¤ crislaig: is i in b.¤ c. .i. is le fein in coimpert sin (lit.) woman of the womb, Laws v 202.13 Comm. See crislach. b.¤ chraí (chruí) the wife of a deceased relative; a forbidden woman: nír ben chrábaid ach ben chraí `not a holy wife but an unlawful one´ Celtica x 105 § 3 . ’na grádaig mnaí craí ná col `do not love a woman forbidden to you´ 105 § 5 . ro bui inna mnoí crui, icá derbrathair … conid hi sin cetben crui ro hincrechadh riamh, 111 (King’s Inns MS. 10) . ar a bith ben crui .i. oca derbrathair, ibid. (NLS MS. 72.1.5) . b.¤ chuil (cholach) : ’na grádaig mnaí craí ná col `do not love a woman forbidden to you´ Celtica x 105 § 5 . dā ccionntuighthea ré mnaoi chuil, Mac Aingil 3002 . ben chuil 'concubine', PH 867 . mna cúil ┐ cairdeasa dionnarbhadh ó fheraibh 'to put away concubines and lemans from men', AFM ii 1100z (s.a. 1152) . mnai cuínnceda betrothed woman, BB 442b4 . an bhean chuinghedha, IGT Decl. ex. 1198. b.¤ ḟir married woman: fóemad serce a mban fer, Ériu lix 70 . b.¤ ḟúataig an abducted woman (see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 90 ). b.¤ gáeil kins-woman : is í a b.¤ gáeil fen phósas, PH 7790. See 1 gáel. b.¤ grésa embroidress : coeca ban [n]gressa is ferr bói a nEirinn `sempstress' (Gloss.), Acall. 5537. See 1 grés. b.¤ imtha see immad. b.¤ oéntama single, unmarried woman (see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 107.10 ). slān slithi mnā oēntama `immunity for overcoming a single woman by stealth' ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 107.13 ), ZCP xv 351 § 40. See oentam, 1 oentama. b.¤ síde, see 1 síd. b.¤ tanaisi lanamnusa `second [subordinate] woman of union', BCrólige 56 . ag mnaoi Mháighe by the lady of the Maigue, DDána 99.37 .

(c) In g s. with prec. noun female, -ess, etc.: aoighe mná nách mair a fear `a stranger woman', TD 11.32 . dalta mna `a foster-daughter', BNnÉ 120.16 . Bóann, fāigh mnā prophetess, ZCP xiii 166.9 . ni thaghuill b.¤ no leanobh og mna a reileg `no woman or young female child', Mart. Don. 400.25 .

II wife : mo bensa `my wife', Sg. 61b14 . Tea b.¤ Ermoin meic Milid, Thes. ii 314.24 . leth díri cach gráid túaithe fora mnaí, Críth G. 125. cetharda[e] ndíllat(a) leis ┐ a ben `he and his wife have' (note), 199 . orca[e] lia be[i]n, 408 . coblaith dia mnai fri bein in rig equal rank with the king's wife for his wife, Ériu vi 136.14 . b.¤ dagḟir, LL 7554. ro theacht mhnaoi a dhingbhāla `he had a worthy wife', Fl. Earls 132.22 . tré mhnaoi Thighearnáin Uí Ruairc do bhreith leis, TSh. 5471.

Compds. ban- is the normal composition form (for gender of compds. see GOI § 254 , O'Rahilly, Ériu ix 16 ff.). When prefixed to a noun (1) denoting a male person or animal it makes a corresponding female form; (2) it has adj. force and means female, pertaining to a woman .

With nouns. ¤abb abbess : banab gl. abatissa, Ir. Gl. 22. Finnguala . . . banab Chille Craebnat, Ann. Conn. 1301.2 . banab m., IGT Decl. § 21 , g s. an banabadh, ex. 788 . mar bhanabaidh ndlighthigh `Abbesse', RSClára 98a . ¤accaid (see aiccid) female tenant, farmer : (contemptuously of Medb) cid ra mer in cali ┐ in b.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 1934. ? ¤aicde woman's handiwork : ar cirtha adbullom banaicdigh, Laws ii 394.10 Comm. banaicidh (but leg. -aicdi, Stud. in E. Ir. Law, 35.1) uaidhsiumh `feminine implements' (supplied by her husband to the woman worker described as a beccdéntaid), Laws ii 410.22 Comm. ¤aiced (collect. cf. prec.) woman's implements, tools : comad urlam a frichnam ac ban-aicidhibh, O'Curry 661 (H.3.18, 323). ¤aided woman's death (i.e. in child-birth): cen mna décaib de banaidid, Dinds. 161. -aigne female advocate: mar bhanaighne is ort anaim, PBocht 14.36 . -airchinnech female erenagh ; abbess : b.¤ gl. antesta, antestita, Sg. 66a17 . tanic an banairchindeach do béin cluig, YBL 1a19 . co banairchinnig Lainne, BColm. 26 § 28. b.¤ na hecalsa `prioress', Lism. L. 1436. ¤airfitech female musician : banairfidech Thíre Tairnngaire uli hí, Acall. 7205. ¤airle woman's counsel : Adham Samson Solum rí / romersat a mbanairlí, Ériu ii 229.9 . (in rhetoric) b.¤ betha (báetha, LU) nacha auchaide heed not the foolish words of women, TBC-I¹ 2092. ¤aite: ó bhanoide na gcuradh .i. Scáthach `instructress', Keat. ii 3390. ¤aitire: b.¤ tainic tar cend banbidbad (sic leg.) re laim a banfecheman and `a female surety', Laws i 148.24 Comm. apad naile ┐ anadh naile o ban etere for banbidhbaidh, O'Curry 988 (H. 3.18 424b) = Laws i 148.28 Comm. ¤ammait witch, hag (with magic power): robai banamaid i tig in rig . . . ┐ dobert a mathair Corc for faesam na hamaide, BB 251a35 . ¤amus woman-servant, female hireling: mad feramus nó b.¤ noda-mela (of grinding with a quern on Sunday), Ériu ii 204.22 . b., a folac a incaib maicc no celi `a hired woman', Ériu xii 85 § 4. mac banamsa, ZCP xvi 215.33 . rucus comaltar do banamuis, xv 310 § 6 . sóeramais ┐ banamais ic roind ┐ ic dáil dóib, Ériu iv 124.27 . ¤augra: máth b.¤ co sārtairbirt trī muilt ind `a fight among women', Cáin Ad. 44. ¤augtar: Bridhe banughdar, Keat. iii 498.

¤breth female judgment, judgment of (concerning ?) women: banbrethaib glossed bretha ban, O'Dav. 994. b.¤ briugu female briugu EIF 417 : batir banbrugaid sōn, Corm. Y 87.12 (§1018) . Becnait banbhrugaid ainm (na) mná maithe si, Acall. 1876 . ¤búachaill herdswoman: sech ba bard, ba b.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iv 22.20 .

¤cháem: banchōem de Alpa female noble, Celtica iii 182.3 . ¤chaingen female question, case: nocha n-ē an banc[h]aingen / berar ar cúl, ZCP viii 216.32 . ¤cháinte female satirist, lampooner: ba banchainte (viz. Lebarcham), IT i 71.12 ( LMU 6 ). cont-ric fri Richis mbancháinti, MU² 1029 ( LU 1528 ). a comlebaid na banchainti, Cóir Anm. 54. ¤chara woman friend: do uc Mane banscál n-alachtai b.¤ dó `a concubine of his', Trip. 86.19 . b.¤ in dorchaduis (= amica tenebrarum, ed.), Aisl. Tond. 95 § 2. bretha in mac . . . cúa bancharait, LU 1663 ( RC ix 454.10 ). ¤chath: conid b.¤ Rochada insin `Rochad's Woman-fight' (Faraday), LU 5945 ( bān-, TBC-I¹ 1479 ). ¤chéile female companion, mate, wife: a bancheli díngbala diabuil, PH 8175. as i fa banchele dó .i. Eithne Taebhḟada his wife (of a king), Ériu iii 150 § 1. ¤chenn female ruler: (of B.V.M.) tú bain-cheann brogha nimhe, A. Ó Dálaigh xi 5. ¤chimbid female captive: co mbanchimidh lais i n-ergabhail, Anecd. ii 12.15 . ¤chlíamain female relative-in-law: a bhainchlíamhuin Sárai bean a mhic Abram = daughter in law, Gen. xi 31. go ma malluigh an té luighios léna bhainchlíamhuin = mother in law, Deuteronomy xxvii 23. ¤choairt female land-holder: b.¤ mnā, ZCP vii 300.2 . ¤choic female cook: bancoig gl. presena (sic), Ir. Gl. 247. atgnīed cach b.¤ dībh a būaraigh, ZCP vii 300.9 . ¤choimdiu female ruler, mistress, lady: inna banchoimded gl. dominatricis, Ml. 84c4 . isin banchoimdid gl. in domina, 129c7 . ¤choimétaid ( ¤aige) female guardian, custodian: a bhuime ┐ a bhancoimedaidhe, BNnÉ 192 § 9.5 . banchoimedaith do chiraib ┐ do clioirib `keeper of . . . combs and caskets', Dinds. 80. See banchola. ¤chomairlid female adviser; woman councillor: banflatha ┐ banchomairlighe, Anecd. ii 64.7 . ¤chomarba heiress (see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 103 f .) glossing be togai: .i. b.¤ las-mbi fer for bantinchur, Ir. Recht 8 § 9. female coarb, successor (as head of religious community): bancomurba Brighdi, RC xviii 31.30 . ¤chorr female heron: in b.¤ , Triads 237 . ¤chró: lánéraic a mb.¤ of their female stock, Cáin Ad. 29. ¤chú bitch: ba banc[h]ú tra in t-orci ┐ ba torrach, Corm. Y 883.39 . b.¤chuire woman-troop: cichit biet b.¤chuire, Études Celt. xv 539 . ¤chumal bondwoman: b.¤ dit muntir atamchomnaic, LL 7749 ( TBC-LL¹ 219 ). ro gonais cride . . . do banchumale fen, LB 233a58 .

¤dálem waitress: b.¤ gl. caupona, Sg. 63a3 (see Études Celt. xi 128 ). ¤dalta: ónmid b.¤ doib a female ward, ZCP viii 308.31 . ¤dechon see dechon. ¤día goddess: Brigit . . . bandēa no adratis filid . . . eam deam uocant poetarum , Corm. Y 150. bándǽ iffirnn gl. Parcas, Sg. 53b1 . Ceres bandea hetho, 60a4 . bandia Cimodocia `the goddess Cymodoce', Aen. 2410. a meic na baindea, 2411 . ¤deiscipul female disciple: doronai Patraic combo bandescipul dó, Trip. 178.11 . ¤delb: nói mbain-delba (-delbda, (mná) remhra, v.ll.) dluth-chóema `nine female forms', Metr. Dinds. ii 28.4 . ¤deoraid woman-stranger, woman outsider: cumad miach sliged do bandeoraidh, Laws ii 390.26 Comm . Fig. (of a flag) bratach mheic éachtaigh Eoghain / minic bhíos n-a baindeoraidh, DDána 85.7 . ¤dialt feminine declension, Auraic. 1830. ¤druí druidess; female skilled in magic arts: tri ferdruid ┐ tri bandrúid, TBC-LL¹ 2402 = dī (leg. tri) drúid insin ┐ a teóra mná, TBC-I¹ 1767. bandrai ┐ bancumachtach mē, ZCP xii 252.14 . a mhaca na bandrúagh = of the sorceress, Isaiah lvii 3.

¤ech mare: (description of a camel) anmann iongantach . . . ionsamhail bhaineich, AFM iv 1080.11 . ¤echlach female horse-messenger: cuiris E. a baineachlach arcend Meadba co Cruachain `female messenger', Ériu ii 178.20 . ¤écht: ni dernnsat banechta ban `have never committed woman-slaughter', MR 212.9 . gan bainéacht do dhéanamh lé `not to slay a woman with it' (one of three `geasa' on a spear), Keat. ii 4389. ¤éices poetess: baneices, LL 1110. ¤én hen bird: ise in mintan cid banen (i.e. the word `mintan' is masc. though it denotes a female bird), Auraic. 541. ¤ernastaid female spouse, wife: (in spiritual sense of Christ and the Church) in fáilte fil do'nd ernastaid spirutalda i n-a mb.¤ , PH 3987. ba sí síur ind Oedha roba bainernustaidh don tí Niall `Hugh's sister was N.'s wife', Hugh Roe 252.2 . ¤esba woman's wantonness: condot ellat / eter briga banespa, LU 3525 ( SCC 28 ).

¤ḟáith, ¤ḟáid woman seer, prophetess: a Feidélm banḟaith co acci in slúag?, LU 4530 ( TBC-I¹ 43 ). Feidelm banḟáid . . . atamchomnaicse, LL 7750. M. bhanfháigh, Exodus xv 20. ¤ḟéinnid woman warrior, amazon: N. . . . ro bith and la hE. mbanfeinded `E. the championess', Dinds. 105. na banḟéndi, TTr.² 1698 . ¤ḟeis(s) see banais. ¤ḟigige woman weaver: bacan na bainfighidh, BNnÉ 191.4 . ¤ḟili poetess: Fedelm banfili do Chonnachtaib mo ainmsea, LU 4525 (TBC). Quies Huallaige . . . banḟile Herend, Ann. Inisf. 934. ¤ḟlaith princess, sovereign lady: banflaith .i. ben . . . amal Meidb Cruachna, Ir. Recht 4 § 1. iar nairdbiu inna banflatha sin gl. Athalia, `queen', Ml. 14a2 . ¤ḟuine baking, kneading done for a woman hence (in opp. to fer-ḟuine) baking of a smaller size, quantity or measure: ceitheora bairgena fichet do banfuine, ZCP xiv 356.7 .

¤gaiscedach female champion: banghaisgedach do mhuinn- tir Ghuill, ML² 412. ¤gal woman's feat of arms: b.¤ (sic leg., ed.) banuallach and-so ale, TBC-LL¹ 4312 ( LL 11116 ). ¤galgat female champion: for slicht na bangalgaite, Airne F. 29. ¤geis: nā gabaidh na baingesa let them not touch forbidden things (i.e. have dealings with a woman), ZCP xii 394.4 . ¤gíall female hostage: (of Mary) ba bangīall (sic leg.: Gabhrīal) Rīgh in rīchidh, ZCP viii 562 § 3. ¤glór: tuath-bhanglór tásclabartha troch `perverse woman-like talk', MR 294.21 . ¤gním: do chuaidh b.¤ tar fergním ag C. the action of a female overcame C.'s action of a male, Comp. CC 116.13 . With 1 grád female rank: teora cumhala cach bangradh do neach is ingen graidh sechta, O'D. 2397 ( Rawl. B 506, 49 ). With 2 grád love for a woman: laigi fri b.¤ , LU 3590 ( SCC 30 ). ¤grés woman's work, needlework; in comic name: Brecan mac Bangresa, Anecd. ii 55.15 . Cf. baingrésach, Acall. 5537 v.l. ¤Gúaire female counterpart of G.: a bhanGhuaire Chláir Chormaic, Dánta Gr. 16.24 .

¤impir empress: do chúala in bhainimpir sin .i. Saphia, ZCP xiii 181.27 . ¤inne women's mind, intuition (?): tic b.¤ don banmíl, LL 375a43 . ¤insce, ¤innsgne feminine gender: gach banindsci, Corm. Y 1219. ferinnsci ┐ banninsci (banindsge, 3024 YBL) . . . lasin nGaidel .i. mascul ┐ femen . . . lasin Laitneoir, Auraic. 521. gobhar gabhar . . . indscne bainindsci innta they take a feminine pronoun, IGT Decl. § 17.23 (usually contracted to b.¤ ).

¤ auspicious day for women: trí banlae: lúan, mairt, cétaín, Triads 216 . Cf. trí ferlae, 217 . ¤leiccerd, ¤lethcerd poetess (see leiccerd): Etan ingen Dīancēcht, banlethcerd ( bannlicerd, Corm. 37 ), Corm. Y 537 . Cf. -éices supra. do Sampait . . . buachail dī ┐ banlicerd isen, BB 393a46 ( Dinds. 86 ). Cf. (of S.) sech ba bard, ba ban-búachail, Metr. Dinds. iv 22.20 . co comfarnaic frie Gris banliccerd ingen Ricisi, BB 368a25 . ¤lennán mistress: at banlendan ┐ at menmarc fer n-domain uli, LU 8237 ( FB 18 ). a baínleandan ┐ a mnai cuínnceda, BB 442b4 . luidh i riocht bain-leandain Conoinn, Leb. Gab.(i) 82.6 . ¤léo, léoman lioness: banleu, Études Celt. xi 125. fer-léo ┐ bain-leo, BNnÉ 84 § 171 . dealbh bhainleomhain, Keat. iii 2002. ¤liaig woman physician, leech; A. b.¤ (daughter of Dian Cécht), LL 1110.

¤mac(c), ¤mac(c)án female infant, a girl-child (see O'Rahilly, Ériu ix 16 ff .): it brestai in bainmaicc `the woman-children', Fél. July 20 . intan asberar ise (= is é) in banmhac-sa (of a masc. noun used for a female), Auraic. 531. Lende banmac ben ba Tuathail / . . . / Báne a hainm, LL 4888. dia mbad missi in banmacan, / nocechrainn cach faelmacan, Auraic. 533 (= banmacam, 3163 ). ¤máer: banmhaor . . . ag tabach na cána soin seachnóin Éireann `a female steward', Keat. i 182.3 . ¤maigister: ingena . . . ┐ do bí banmaighister accu `a governess', Fier. 93. ¤mug bondwoman: cride . . . do ban- chumale fen ┐ do banmogad, LB 233a58 . caoca fermhogh ┐ caoca banmhogh, BS 104.31 .

¤náma(e) female enemy: bannamae gl. inimica, Ml. 26a4 . a bannámu diabuil, PH 8327. ¤noéb(-m) holy woman, female saint: sarucchadh na bannaoimhe, AFM v 1668.7 . ag naomh nó ag bannaomh, TSh. 1048.

¤óclach: go léigfeadh . . . gach uile dhuine a bhanóglach sáor = maidservant , Jeremiah xxxiv 9. amhail banóglaoich, Keat. ii 4699. ¤óg virgin , BNnÉ 189 § 38 . ro tuirn ar mullach cinn na banóighi 'alighted on top of the virgin's head', Ev.Inf. (LFF) 187 § 37 . do-ṡaoileadar . . . gur loisgeadh an banoigh ionrac, Ériu v 76.30 . tar an mbanoigh, 32 . ¤oígi: banoegi (banogi, MS.) `female guest', Sg. 66a15 . ¤othrus: annsom i mbrithemnacht otrusa la Fēne banotrus `nursing of women', BCrólige 30 .

¤rechtaire: rechtairi ┐ banrechtairi . . . ic dáil dóib side ` stewardesses ', Ériu iv 124.19 . dís bhanrachtaireadha `two dairymaids', ITS xvi 118.1 . ¤ríga(i)n queen: is si robad banrígan in chóicid uli, LU 8259 ( FB 20 ). inghean rígh thír na mbéo / is bainríoghain fós, Oss. iv 250.10 . ¤rígnacht queenship: b.¤ úas bantrocht, LU 8231 ( FB 17 ). ? ¤rothán: banrothan (: ¤ṡrothán ?) (name of a metrical stanza), IT iii 101 § 181. -rún: ni dat maithe banrúna, IT i 123.18 . ( TE 9 Eg.)

¤ṡáer: bansaer `a woman wright', BCrólige 32 . -ṡacart priestess: bansagart Iunaindi iside, Aen. 1673. ¤ṡégonn, ¤ṡégainn a distinguished, accomplished lady; consort of a ségainn: manad-fuil . . . nac mbainsedoind lib-si nad gubansedonn (Find asks Cormac for a bride), ZCP xiii 268.19 . cach rí cona rígain, . . . cach ségaind cona banshégaind, MU² 198 . ¤ṡéitig ( ¤ṡéitche) wife: is ecoir do sailisi misi d'fhaghail do bainseitci `as wife', ZCP vi 26.22 . ¤ṡelgaire huntress: i ndelb bansealgairi (viz. Venus), Aen. 293. ¤ṡenchas history, traditions of (celebrated) women: b., buidne, bága (recited at the Fair of Carmun), Metr. Dinds. iii 20.15 . bainṡenchas Erind anso siss, BB 282a11 (title. See RC xlvii 282 ). Leabhar Bainseanchuis, Keat. i 80.5 . ¤tṡeomratóir, ¤ṡeomróir female chamberlain: do goir cuice a bainseomróir (bantṡeomradoír, v.l.), Fier. 92. ¤ṡídaige female dweller in a síd, fairy woman: is é dochoid in n-ectra . . . re Náir b.¤ , LL 2898. conid si aided Moingfinde bansidaige `so this is the death of M. the Banshee', RC xxiv 178.18 . ¤ṡlecht: co hAth mbannslechta to the Ford of Woman-Slaughter, Ériu v 212 n. 92 - 96 .

¤tairchetlaid prophetess: bantaircetlaid Críst (said of St. Brigit), Lism. L. 1704 . ¤tairngertaid prophetess: is hī seo bantairrngertaig Chrīst, ZCP xii 293.31 . ¤tairismid: banterismid gl. obstetrix, Sg. 69a18 . bantairsi (leg. tairismidi?), Lism. L. 1201. ¤tellach: techta cach banteallaig `every woman's entry', Laws iv 8.22 . dethbir in baintellaigh ┐ in feartellaigh .i. anus dechmuide dfir anus cethruime do mnaoi, 14.22 Comm. ¤teolaid see teolaid. ¤tigerna lady; mistress; female ruler: b.¤ Clainni Connmaig re linn tri tigerna `Lady of Clanconway' (first as wife and then as Dowager, n. 3), Ann. Conn. 1411.30 . dobudh baintighearna dhó féin (the soul) that was his (i.e. the body's) own mistress, TSh. 9678. an sólās do bhí ar ar mbaintighearna ghlórmuir (viz. Muire), Parrth. Anma 3792. uinge dor ag an mBaintiagarnain . . . a neaghmais amantuir Tiarna; ┐ tri huinge san mbliaghain do chios Bantiarnain . . . a neaghmais, etc. `Lady's rent', Trans. RIA xv 43.z , 44.2 . ¤tinchor the property brought by a woman on marrying: fer for bantincur, Laws ii 356.7 . acht do bithsiu ar bantincur mnaa supported by a woman, LL 7558. ¤tindnacul = prec. ? fer ratchuir ar bantidnacul mna who has made you dependent on a woman's bounty, LL 12250 ( TBC-LL¹ 5998 ). ¤toísech: bantaisech ingenraid[e] na Cruachnai ` chieftainess ', Dinds. 80. ¤trebthach see baintrebthach. ¤túath: ag na bantuathaibh seo bhádar an dá ríoghdhámh `noble females', Keat. i 218.16 . ¤túathaid (supernatural) woman with magic power: ar ba cumachtach sidhe ┐ bantuathaíd cen bai a colaind, BB 264a7 ( SG 332.9 ). ¤tuilg (a d s.) applied (? only) to wife, consort of a briugu: (of Feast of Tara) ni teded dia hol . . . brudidh gin bantuilg leis, ZCP xiii 260.14 . briuga cin bantuilcc, 268.13 . cach briugu cona bantuilg each hospitaller with his consort, MU² 196.

¤úa female descendant: ag banua Iarla Uladh, DDána 99.10 . banua niece Plunkett s.v. neptis , Celtica xix 138 .

With adjj. derived from nouns: ¤éccoscda of womanly kind, form: onni as feminina, femina .i. banda no banecoscda, Auraic. 612. ¤gnéthech(-ach): bangnethach no bangnimach `of womanly activities', Auraic. 612. ¤úallach: (of a woman's feat of arms) bangal (sic leg., ed.) banuallach and-so ale, TBC-LL¹ 4312 ( LL 11116 ). As subst. ¤áirgech milkmaid: an bhanairgheach, BS 177.27 . ar na cocairibh ┐ banairghibh `dairy-maids', Rule of Tallaght 8.12 . ¤bachlach gl. leno, Sg. 52a5 . pn As epithet: ¤Bretnach British woman, Anecd. iii 57.6 . ¤cháintech female satirist: bancháinteach Chonchubhair da ngairthí Leabharcham, Keat. ii 2952. ¤chumachtach woman possessing magic power: Cáoineocc ban-cumachtach sithe `a fairy witch', BNnÉ 151.33 . (epithet of Venus) imthusa Beniri banchumachtaighi, TTebe 1046 . ¤grésach (1 grés): baingrésach, Acall. 5537 v.l. ¤Laignech Leinster-woman: ropo beoda in b.¤ , Rawl. 87a35 . ¤túaithech witch, wise woman: bantuathecha (sic, bantuatha, banthuach, v.ll.) Tuathe de Danand, LL 16545. woman of Túatha Dé Danand: .iii. híngeana Earnmhais na banthuathaíghe, BB 33a38 . Be Chuille ┐ Dianand na dí bantuathig, LL 1112. Badb ┐ Macha ┐ Anand . . . tri ingena Ernbais na bantuathige, 1121 . female chief: ionann . . . tuathach ┐ tighearna . . . do beirthear dá bhantuathaigh ar Bheuchuill ┐ ar Dhanainn, do bhí 'na mbaintighearnaibh aca, Keat. i 214.25 .

Rarely with form ben-. ¤Ebrach: mas eabhrach nó air beineabhrach = Hebrewess, Jeremiah xxxiv 9. ¤ gág wrinkled woman, hag: a bh.¤ , BS 86.28 . ¤geilt madwoman: co ttarla bengheilt dó ann, BS 108.6 . ¤impire empress: Henri mac na Beinimpire, Mart. Don. xxix 29.

See banais, banaltra, bantrocht, banscál.

gabál

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gabál or dil.ie/25035
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: gabaal, gabál, gabail, gabáil, gabáil, gabalae, gabala

n ā, f. n s. gabaal, Wb. 7a7 . gabál, SR 6290 . gabail, Ml. 60a12 . 95d13 . gabáil, LU 5126 . d s. and a s. gabáil, q.v. infra. g s. gabalae, Ml. 83a3 . n p. gabala, Wb. 19a4 .

As vn. of gaibid (q.v.) in all its meanings.

(a) taking (over, into possession), assuming ; passing occas. into the sense receiving : hi tosuch gabalae toisigechtae du Moysi, Ml. 83a3 . iar ngabhail righe do Feidhlim, Cog. 4.27 . a ngabāil tar a n-ainme taking them [as wives] in spite of their defects, ZCP viii 113.10 . gabail bachla going on a pilgrimage (lit. taking a staff), Laws v 296.16 . do gabail aéir taking the air, Maund. § 190.8 . lā do ghabháil to fix a day, Ériu viii 137.11 . aithrechus do gabail on pecach to accept repentance, BCC 238.4 . gan oba gliadh ná a gabhail, TD 26.40 . bala mumia do gabáil a n-aimsir na plaga to inhale, O'Gr. Cat. 200.2 . ier ngabail tighi ōsta after taking lodgings, Fl. Earls 66.27 . na luibhe ici ... a[g] gabail na crecht nua ... n-anabaid drawing together (?) or taking effect on (?) the new raw wounds, ZCP x 308.5 . conā gaib greim nō gabāil ina tómlim what I eat takes no hold or effect, MacCongl. 95.2 . dochúas o Dauid ... fri gabáil nglé for fair reception (?) SR 6303. Of assuming arms : a chētgabāil ṅgaiscid, TBC-I¹ 641 . Of conceiving : féil ghabhála Mhuire i mbroinn, TSh. 3269 . Of receiving and adopting a foster-child : cidh mac faosma d' ainfine ... mad ro badar ar aird ag a gabhail, Laws iv 256.4 Comm. Of removal by death : ar na ghabhail on bheathaigh so, AU i 8.9 . (?) ma romtoiccthi ecc ind-Hí, ba gabal di trocari it were a merciful taking (?) Anecd. ii 19.3 . Of fixing in : ic gabhail férne na pupla don talmain, driving in ... (?), RC xliii 42 § 39.

gabáil lámae duine expelling, removing a person (lit. seizing his hand, see Ir. Recht, p. 12 ) : fristulaid C. dó ┐ rofóid díis dia muintir do gabáil a láma, Trip. i 146.22 . adrodamair láim Patraic do gabail, ib. 148.5 . Cf. ii 478.15 . cia epscop uáib no ragad ... do gabail laime Mochuta, Fél.² 94.39 . leth in sechtmaig ar gabail lama nama only for marrying (of a husband `for bantidnacor'), Laws ii 392.25 Comm. (see Thurneysen, Stud. in E. Ir. Law, p. 59 ). With prep. for enjoining, commanding : grechus C. C. ar Laogh ... ag gabhail a laimhe fair 'man ngaei mbulga d'indioll, ZCP x 296.2 ; cf. TBC-LL¹ 2180 , 3252 ; ML 156.5 . Cf. also : ac gabail lama ar an feín dochum an mor-chatha `urging on' CF 565 . See gaibid.

In concrete sense : a collection (of money, etc.) : rogabad gabáal dóib leu, Wb. 7a7 . con-gabtis gabala linn ... in Hierusalem, 19a4 . dinab gabalib (gl. collectis), 13d33 . dodechatar conimbiud a ngabala (.i. tinola) , ACL iii 28.16 . ar cenn Patraic, Trip. 206.8 . doberdis gabala mar (sic) doib, O'Curry 762 ( H 3.18, 359 b ). primiti .i. tosach gabala cach nuathoraidh, Laws i 52.7 Comm. Cf. also leth-gabal under 2 ? gabal.

(b) seizing, capturing ; conquest ; seizure : gabail etechta unlawful seizure, Laws ii 84.10 . gabail co toxal, i 64.3 . caill cen gabail `an unappropriated wood,' v 484.14 Comm. imgeib guin immo-amgeib gabáil he avoids wounding, he avoids capture, TBC-LL¹ 860 . co ṅ-gabail iṅgni sebaicc, 2725 . ar ngabāil gīall for Mumain, ZCP viii 119y . fer gabala giall nErenn (of a predominant king), RC xviii 41.28 (Tig.). go sluaghaibh Gréag dá gabháil, TD 26.33 . ro po goiste gabala don Demun, RC xx 176.17 (ACC Comm.). gabála báise cis lir ? how numerous are the seizures (?) of folly ? Tec. Corm. § 14 . do leigthea gan lan-gabail without being taken prisoner, MR 200.11 . Cf. Numbers xx 1 ; AFM iii 306.13 ; 646.2 . set gabhala, O'D. 540 ( H 3.17, c. 434 ). bó cecha gabala, BColm. 64 . in ard-gabail-sea doníat in cuanairt `high-catching,' Acall. 7385. ? claideb crúaid ... i n-ardgabail churad bar a chlíu, TBC-LL¹ 5340 . Cf. RC xliii 82 § 84. ag gach gabháil dár gheabh `any who have conquered her,' TD 17.4 ; hence Lebor Gabála Érenn The Book of Conquests (lit. `of the taking'), MS. Mat. 578.24 . cóic gabála ... rogabad Hériu, Imr. Brain ii 286.13 = LU 1229 . faghla is gabhála Gaoidheal, TD 28.2 . Of taking and harnessing horses, etc. : a eich do gabáil do ┐ a charpat do indell, MU 4.12 . Cf. Maguires of F. § 23 . timargain dam fri a ngabail, Laws v 486.23 ; cf. 152.4 . dá chéd ngargdhamh n-gabhála plough oxen (lit. `oxen of harnessing'), Leb. Cert. 220.22 . (?) ni tharraid gabail na slabrad batar ar comlaid na slige, Rawl. 131b26 = Cymmr. xiv 104 . fuil muc oc a ngabail a cru (one of the seven bloods shed by beasts for which nothing is paid), Laws v 152.4 . For legal phr. lám gabálae see lám II (b).

In concrete sense : booty ; spoil ; a captive : iar torachtain cáich cona gabáil, LU 5393 . ocht ngabala fichet tucc Donnchadh leis, Cog. 210.17 . rangattar D. ... gusan ngabhail leó, AFM ii 878.14 . 1090.3 . bar mná ... iarna mbreith a ngabalaib ┐ a ndaeraib as captives and bondswomen (?), Alex. 214 . A catch : iasgaire ... gēbaid sē a lāngabāil, ZCP x 345 § 5 ; cf. Luke v 9 . A gag , a check : gabail for tengthaib `a gag on tongues' (one of the punishments of hell), RC iv 252.23 , 24 .

(c) holding, occupying, maintaining ; fortifying : do gabáil in chalaid risin coblach, LL 224b22 ( TTr. 545 ). foroprait ar g.¤ in dúnaid, TFerbe 222 . LL 276a33 . fouair in Troi n-osluici cen neach aga diten nach ga gabail, 398b28 . nipsa chúsa gabála lis, LU 9325 . do ghabhail na conaire coitchinne (i.e. to occupy the common road against the enemy), AFM vi 2276.x . do chuir in iustís locht a gabhála inti (of a place taken by military force), O'Gr. Cat. 9.16 (= RC xlii 302.5 ).

(d) reserving, reservation (?) of land for cropping , in phrases like cluain gabála, gl. herbagium, Ir. Gl. 723 . ní cluain ghabhāla grās Dē, RIA Cat. 4.10 . don aengurt gabala, `grazing-field (?),' Lism. L. 2866 . ocht fichit bó a férgort gabala, Acall. 2069. 2309 . 4181 . 7602 . 7970 . Cf. (?) ar fheurghort gabhla, Tor. Dh. Oss. 60.27 (Oss. iii). mes na caille gabhála, O'D. 748 ( H 3.17, c. 63 -4) = O'D. 2202 ( Nero A vii, f. 140a ). crim .i. a caill gabala `in an appropriated wood,' Laws v 474.15 gloss. ; ib. 30 . im crand ngabala bis i ndithrib, i 202.2 = O'Curry 2683 ( Eg. 88, f. 58 (59) b ). férbrug gabala, Acall. 4179 , 7292 . Levying (?) : g s. in phrase bó gabála a cow levied as a due : (things that may be alienated from the `fine') ni sanntar ni seacha fine ... acht ... forcomal chis flatha i cain aicillne ... no boin gabala nothing is alienated without consent of the fine, save security for the lord's rent, in the law of base clientship ... or a cow levied as a due, Laws v 442.24 . An leg. bó ingabála ? Cf. tiumnaigther uad ... co ructar bó ingabála dia fuiririud (sic leg.), i 136.2 Comm. dlighidh saerbiathad deisi ┐ boin lethgabala `... a cow of the second quality' (i.e. that is worth half of the legal levy), iv 350.26 Comm. bo gabhála da gach creich, Fen. 134.11 .

(e) taking, passing, going (a road, etc.): techt co Sipra ┐ can gabáil co Ródus, Maund. 37 . ac gabáil na ndorus fria thaebh entering by the side doors, Marco P. 77 . gan an t-eolus sin do gabhail not to take that route, BCC § 233 . fear gabhála `a wayfaring man,' Judges xix 17 . lucht gabāla na sligedh, Fl. Earls 88.20 . coblach do Grécaib do gabáil i purt Ségi, LL 224b18 ( TTr. 542 ). cuan ghabhala landing place, CF 90.

(f) singing, reciting : na trí cóicait do gabáil, Ériu i 196.7 . do gabail cepoce ... immum, Sc.M² 19.11 . gabail n-ecnairci, Mon. Tall. § 18 . fear ag gabháil dúaine duit, IGT Decl. ex. 683 . sailm tra in tan gabar, cech la gabail dib i sessom, araile i ssuide, Rule of Tallaght § 22 . By extension, of that which is sung, recited : is hí and cétna gabal lais otha beatus corrici domine quis , Mon. Tall. § 31 . Cf. § 32 , and Rule of Tallaght § 99 seq.

(g) Used with various prepositions : (for meanings see gaibid). cen gabáil ar m'aicned without controlling my disposition, Mer. Uil. 243 . gabail ara fual retention of urine, Mon. Tall. § 53 . Cf. gabail foraib, ib. leighister hí ... le gabáil ar anáil, O'Gr. Cat. 193.32 . o ... na rabha aca comhang gabhala dhibh a chriche d'innrudh ... to prevent them, RC xliii 114 § 120 . ní éta gabail disside she could not be prevented, IT i 71.12 . ni edaim a ghabhail duit-se a dula I cannot prevent your going (?), RC xliii 20 § 13 . atrachtsad Laigin do gabail foraib to attack them, Anecd. i 18.1 . iar ngabail for a cetfadaib their senses being stunned, Alex. 28 . is saoth lium in bachlach ut do gabhail form ar éicin encroach on me (i.e. settle on my land), Lism. L. 2279 . ní bhaoí cumhang occa gabhail friú im aidhmhilleadh na criche `nor was he able to prevent them ...,' AFM vi 1924.20 . in días do gabáil immón n-óenfer attacking, LU 8206 ( FB § 15 ). mas tria anfot rucustar hi ┐ ata ag gabail impi tria anfot (of a false verdict) `and is adhering to it through inadvertence,' Laws iii 304.12 . gabhail impe tar gealluibh withholding it in spite of pledges, ii 70.27 Comm. as dliged in ní sin ... ┐ ní était sium gabail uime (of the payment of a tribute) they cannot withhold it, RC xliii 14 § 8 . Mairc do Priaim gabáil impe ... gan a tinnlocadh doibh tar cenn tsidha (of the Greeks demanding the surrender of Helen) Woe to Priam that he withheld her and did not give her over to them in return for peace ! King's Inns MS. 12, f. 26rb . mad ail leis connicc gabail impe a cetoir cena leccudh uadh (of a branch overhanging a neighbour's garden) he (i.e. the owner) can withhold it, O'D. 2284 ( Rawl. B 506 f. 26a ). Conn do gabail leo a n-aghaidh Hui Neill siding with them, AU iii 228.25 . Cf. TTebe 3172 . robái ... oc gabáil ac Patraic `a-holding by P.' (= supporting P.), Trip. 556.26 . gabail ic fannaib taking the part of (indulging ?) the weak, LL 371c39 . LB 151b41 . fer da tuc C. tidhnaicci móra oir ┐ indmais tar cenn gabhála aigi `for supporting him,' CCath. 535.

(h) leaven (late) : do thógaibh an pobal ... an mhin chomhchroitte, sul do cuireadh gabháil innte = antequam fermentaretur, TSh. 7753 . 'na arán ghlan, gan cumasg laibhín nó gabhála, 8910 . deocha geura gabhála sharp, fermented (?) drinks , ITS i 38.25 . Prob. = gabálta, q.v.

(i) (of a horse) carriage, bearing, posture (?): da mbia an t-ech gobard ┐ gabail granna aice if the horse is raising its snout and has an ugly bearing Celtica ii 46 § 7 . dligid ech na gab(ala crom)a beith mi-luthmar. Dligid ech na gabala airde a beith garg mer 'the horse that carries its head bent [?] should be lacking in vigour. The horse that carries its head high [?] should be fierce and giddy' 48 § 11 . See also bó-gabál, duine-gabál.

gác

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gác or dil.ie/25069

 

x see gág .

gág

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gág or dil.ie/25112

 

n a cleft, a chink ; a crack or chap on the skin. Cf. gac ... scisio , O'Mulc. 607 . sugh uinneamhain ┐ blonoc circi ... fóiridh na gaga, 23 K 42, 347.15 . Cf. ceilion do laoimhne grís is gága, Midnight court (Stern) 398 . As epithet: v s. a bhengág, thou wrinkled woman ! BS 86.28 ( BS² 1311 ). a fionnghág, 25 ( BS² 1308 ).

gágach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gágach or dil.ie/25113

 

adj ( gág ) o,ā full of chinks ; cracked or chapped (of the skin) : Leaburcam ... crubach gagach, BB 257b26 = YBL. 177a33 .

spésrach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. spésrach or dil.ie/38606

 

n `muzzle, gag ', P. O'C. See O'Rahilly, SGS ii 28 .