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gilla

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gilla or dil.ie/25843
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: gilld, gille, gille

n n s. gilld, Corm. Y 676 , 1059 ( p. 93.11 ) ; also gille, IGT Decl. exx. 1136 , 1405 , 2130 ; cf. gilli (: fīrindi), ACL iii 246.7 ; gille (: imme), MacCongl. 69.30 . n p. gailli (subscript a), gaille, ZCP xxvii 43 (B) . io, m. A word of pre-Norse origin, prob. from Latin. See Pokorny, ZCP xii 298 ff. ; Marstrander, ib. 309 ff.

(a) a youth of an age to bear arms ; one who has arrived at the third of the six ages of man (for which see gillacht) : Dauid in gille dáne, Hy. i 12 . gilla oac amulach, LU 3825 ( SCC § 37.14 ). TBC-LL¹ 265 . do gilli no óclig, Mon. Tall. § 41 . v s. cucainn cetna thanacais do chétgasciud, a gillai, IT i 103.9 . a gilli, LU 3535 ( SCC § 29 ). a ghille ... doní uaill as do ghile, A. Ó Dálaigh xliii 2. As a contemptuous mode of address : creud as creidemh dhuitsi, a ghiollaidh thall, Luc. Fid. 182 . pl. a ṅgillai óca, CRR § 34 . gilde ┐ ócláoich, Mon. Tall. § 48 . a gillu Connacht, IT i 106.21 (LL). chethirn ṅ-gilla, TBC-LL¹ 5762 . gialladh do ghillaibh óga giving youths as hostages, AU ii 540.17 . tri chet do gillib occa, TTebe 1468 . tuc Ráp ... aeghaidhecht do ghilladaib Israel (of the spies), ZCP ii 52.9 ( Maund. § 90 ). atconnarc gillu glána, LU 3767 ( SCC § 34 ).

(b) Sometimes (with or without `bec') used as the equivalent of `mac,' a male child, a boy : in gilla bec mo dalta sa, TBC-LL¹ 842 , gilla, TBC-I¹ 514 = mac bec, TBC-LL¹ 1015 . Cf. also TBC-I¹ 508 , 537 with TBC-LL¹ 989 , 1046 respectively. ba gilla bec, LL 226b28 ( TTr. 700 ). PH 1366.

(c) Used of a pupil : gilldæ .i. is fri gil is cosmail. ... issē dono bēssad in gilla tosugud (do ṡugud, LB) forcetail do t[h]engaid a fithidire, Corm. Y 676.

(d) a servant, a gilly, a messenger : gilla a cillus, graece manus unius, ar is lām do cach áon a gilla, Corm. Y 702 . Cf. O'Mulc. 654 . a gilla laiss .i. ēcsīne ēiside co menmuin fithidire lais, Corm. Y 825 . ro chuir in gilla na eocho hi fergort, LU 8514 ( FB § 36 ). TBC-LL¹ 3295 . TBC-I¹ 2468 . ro-fhóid tra Iacop a gilla, PH 2193 . C. giolla gradha do Brian `confidential officer,' Cog. 102.19 . gilla Crist (gl. Christianus), Ir. Gl. 523 . gilla ... nó timtirid, Mon. Tall. § 37 . pl. ferr lais feis la gillib to sleep with his servants, Laws v 292.22 . daescurṡluag ┐ gillida fedma `drudges,' Acall. 5627 . CRR § 28 . gilli na sluag `horse-boys,' Cog. 82.7 . giollaidhe an tsluaigh `camp-followers,' Keat. iii 3199 . daill iad ┐ giolladha dall = duces caecorum), Mac Aingil 401 . With a defining gen. of the work allotted or the service performed : g.¤ adhairce (gl. cornicen), Ir. Gl. 1018 . g.¤ con a kennel attendant, Laws v 72.29 . ZCP xiii 254.16 . g.¤ cupáin cup-bearers , 1 Kings x 5 . g.¤ na-n-each (gl. mango), Ir. Gl. 946 . Cf. Ériu iii 141.196 . BColm. 102.2 . IGT Decl. ex 2130 . g.¤ an eich, TD 22.17 . gille echraide grooms , RC xliii 26 § 25 . g.¤ na fi[d]chli chess-board attendant, Acall. 1344 . g.¤ na filed .i. g.¤ urraith .i. i cometecht caich bis a bailiu i mbailiu, Laws i 106.10 Comm. ; 'baggage-boy' UR 133 . g.¤ gái a spear-gilly , SG 66.1 . marbus g.¤ in gái .i. in callaire sergeant (?), 76.9 . g.¤ glomair horse-boy , Laws v 72.29 Comm. g.¤ an ghobanno the boy who feeds the smith's furnace : fuaradh ghiolla an ghabhann (prov. saying), TSh. 6206 . g.¤ scuir a stud-groom, a stableman , Acall. 778 . g.¤ tened one who attends to the fires, SG 354.33 . g.¤ turusa a messenger : cursúr .i. gilla turusa, PH 2601. Laws v 72.29 Comm. g.¤ urláir a household servant, Laws v 72.29 Comm. Cf. echlach urláir, Ériu ix 15.

(e) Commonly used from the close of the 10th cent. as the first element of masc. proper names, foll. by gen. of npr. (saint or other), see Marstrander, ZCP xii 313 . Gillacolaim, AU i 488.16 (an. 976) . G.¤ Patraic, 492.22 (an. 982) . G.¤ Ciarain, Caithr. CC § 53 . G.¤ na Trinódi hUa Dálaigh, RC xviii 270.1 . For further exx. see AU (Index) : AFM iii 2-3 n. and Heldensage (Index). Also (accompanied by a descriptive adj. or gen.) used as npr m. or sobriquet : G.¤ Bec, Rawl. 159a14 . G.¤ Luaithrindi, Lec. 57rb16 . In G.¤ Leithderg O Concobair, RC xviii 276.25 . See also Dubgilla, Crōngilla, Gormgilla, ZCP xiii 1 - 2 .