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buicinn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. buicinn or dil.ie/7341

 

n (? -enn) (1 or 2 boc + cenn ?). Expld. as tail-end, rump: b.¤ .i. ton, ut est consernair gainem fo a buic (.i. gabair) b.¤ (.i. oní is boc), O'Dav. 251.

con-sern

Cite this: eDIL s.v. con-sern or dil.ie/12312
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: cosrad, consernam, cosartha, comsrithi, cos(s)ar, comṡreth

v ( *com-sern-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 626 ) in Ml. gl. studeo. Ipv. 3 s. cosrad, Ml. 124a5 (see GOI 379 ). 2 pl. cosrid hifarcridib aní immefolgni sonartnugud forcathrach gl. studete et deligenter curate, 68a15 . Subj. (? so Ped.) 1 pl. consernam gl. studere, 35c36 . Lit. spreads out, strews : consernair gainem fo a buic buicinn `sand is strewn under a he-goat's rump' (proverbial ?), O'Dav. 251 . consernad dóib iarum (of sexual intercourse), RC xii 60.23 . ? consreth a cois fri aimhbes niath, O'Curry 2527 ( Eg. 88, 43(44)d ). Appar. Fig. in: consert coibnius eter sceo M. brought about union between him and M.(?), LU 624 (ACC. RC xx 431.14 ) = con-sreth, Fing. R. 386 ; 'arranged' Ériu xviii 86-87 . ? consert la feba Féne (in rhet.), LU 8286 ( FB 22 ). ? Cf. consernaigh cited sernaid .

Part. cosartha. Vbl. of necess. comsrithi. Vn. cos(s)ar, comṡreth.

Corgus

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Corgus or dil.ie/12472

 

Forms: corghas, carghus, Maelcorgis

pn o, [m.] (Lat. quadragesima, see GOI 568 - 9 ). Also ca-. On form and gender in mod. Ir. see Rial. S.F. 1410 n. corghas carghus m., IGT Decl. § 11 (53.28) . Lent : láa sechdair c.¤ , Mon. Tall. 132.z . ba maith a c.¤ cille, Metr. Dinds. iv 342.48 . i n-aínib ┐ domnachaib ┐ chorgasaib, Críth G. 145 . gach laithe san Ch., Parrth. Anma 3595 . co cunnid corgais .i. coilech circe `sustenance of Lent', MacCongl. 99.22 . a mbíad corgais their Lenten food, BColm. 64.24 . ba deoch dhomblais . . . / feoil an Chorrghais do chaithiomh, Aithd. D. 75.26 .

Three Lents were kept (before Easter, Pentecost, and Christmas) in remembrance of fasts of Christ, Moses, and Elijah. Cf. V. SS. Hib. cxx n.1 ; Ryan, Irish Monasticism 39.2 . The Lents were variously named: cargus eli isin gemrad/ . . . / c.¤ Isu in-errach adbal / c.¤ Moysi is tsamrad tall, Fél. 42. 4 - 5 . a c.¤ erraig, BCrólige 46 . aithli chorguiss césta móir, Eg. 1782, 17a cited Contribb. 489 . i ndomnaigib in chorgaiss máir spring lent, Rule of Tallaght 64.8 . samch.¤ no gemch.¤ / isa gāinem glēss, ZCP xiii 29.3 . i n-aimsir Chorghais S. Mārtain ┐ san Chorghas mhōr, Rial. S.F. 414 . in cétna áine iar n-init chorgais gemrid Advent , RC xii 430 § 22 . xxv esci iúin, in dómnach is nessom. ise domnach init chorgais samraid, LB 90.11 (ab inf.) . a tri corgusaib na bliadna, Anecd. i 44.11 .

In more general sense of fast; period of fast : c.¤ apstal da lá déc, LL 363 marg. inf. ocht ccorghais 'sa mbliadain, BNnÉ 282.25 . dhá chorghas do throsga = deux quarantaines, Trompa na bhF. 2321 .

In n. pr. Maelcorgis, AU i 172.11 . 408.z .

1 do-eim

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 do-eim or dil.ie/17531

 

Forms: du-n-em-ni, di-m-emed, doeme, dieim, doeim, do-n-eim, doem, du-n-em, dosfeim, -dim, do-n-emat, doemeat, dofemat, cain-dimet, dimemed, duemtis, du-n-emae, co duema, do-n-ema, du-n-ema, do-n-rema, arinderoima, manin-dimea, dime, dima, dime, donremat, du-n-emmais, do-em-sa, duema, doemfea, do-t-emfet, do-r-ret-sa, doet, doret, du-nd-ret, doroet, domroet, domroed, doemar, duemar, ndimter, do-n-emthar, co do-b-emthar, du-nn-emthar-ni, do-n-emth, innan-dimithe, condimthe, do[b]emthar-si, femed, neph-dite, diti, dítiu

v (* di-em-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 512 ). Ipv. 2 s. du-n-em-ni, Ml. 62d3 , cf. 72d11 . 3 s. di-m-emed, LL 122b48 .

Indic. pres. 2 s. doeme, FB § 11 . 3 s. dieim, Críth G. 54 . doeim, Laws v 174.17 . do-n-eim, Ml. 110d9 . doem, Wb. 9d2 . du-n-em, Ml. 112a5 . dosfeim, SR 253 , cf. 7917 . -dim, Laws iv 184.14 3 pl. do-n-emat, Ml. 39c22 . doemeat, Laws ii 238 . dofemat, Anecd. ii 75 . cain-dimet, Laws iv 184 . Impf. 3 s. dimemed, LL 14191 . 3 pl. duemtis, Ml. 79a6 .

Subj. pres. 2 s. du-n-emae, Ml. 93c18 , cf. 55b2 . 3 s. co duema, 53c2 . do-n-ema, 128b4 . du-n-ema, 74b14 . (with ro-) do-n-rema, Fél. Apr. 13 , June 23 . arinderoima, Ml. 39c22 . manin-dimea, 88c2 . dime, Laws iii 536 . dima, ii 76 . ? dime, v 318.11 . 3 pl. donremat (do-n-roemat, v.l.), Fél. Feb. 3 . Subj. impf. 1 pl. du-n-emmais, Ml. 110b5 . Fut. 1 s. do-em-sa, Ml. 37c20 . 3 s. duema, 74b14 . doemfea, 128c8 . 3 pl. do-t-emfet, 112c1 .

Pret. and perf. 1 s. do-r-ret-sa, Wb. 31a1 . 3 s. doet, TBC-I¹ 2983 . doret, Ml. 16c8 . du-nd-ret, 40b8 . doroet, TFerbe 793 ( LL 258b47 ). domroet, IT i 140 Eg. = domroed, LU.

Pass. pres. s. doemar, Corm. s.v. clí . duemar, Ml. 87d15 , cf. 39c7 . pl. nad ndimter , 100a5 . Subj. pres. s. do-n-emthar, Ml. 112a2 . co do-b-emthar, 53b15 . du-nn-emthar-ni, 127c7 . Subj. impf. s. do-n-emth, Ml. 120c11 . innan-dimithe (= indam-), 107d1 . condimthe, 39c7 . Fut. s. do[b]emthar-si, Ml. 53b18 . Pret. dos femed , SR 8170 (?). rotemhadh, O'Dav. 1554 . Part. neph-dite, Ml. 103c5 . Vbl. of necess. diti, Ml. 145c9 . Vn. dítiu.

Later replaced by 2 dítnid, q.v.

(a) covers, shelters, hides ; gl. velare, Ml. 16c8 , 79a6 , 120c11 ; obtegere, 145c9 . clam .i. doeim in gainem a chorp (allusion to leprous scales?), O'Mulc. 198 . doemeat a dā lōn a dia araind his haunches cover his kidneys (.i. doemeat no tuigit), Laws ii 238 . mór colla . . . dosneim dos dlúit[h] hides them, Fianaig. 14 . in Sagitarium grian dosfeim | os cach rian i n-Nouimbir shelters itself, i.e. is contained, SR 253 . ēsca cid dodfeim | tan doceil nach ngésca nglan? what hides it (in an eclipse?), 7917 ; cf. 8170 : sruama serba . . . | fo chasrachaib dosfemed they were hidden beneath hail-showers ?). tipra tondglan | corp cāin comla dodoemeth (= doda-emed), Anecd. i 61 . doeim in cli innī besid n-isle, doemarsom (dodoemar, LB) onni besad n-uaisliu (like the house-pole between floor and roof) the `cli' covers (i.e. is placed over, dominates) him who is lower (the inferior grades), Corm. Y 275 . ass aire adberar teime marai dosside, fobith dodet muir foir tricaid mbliadan ier ndilind the sea covered it (omit foir, which is perh. due to confusion with do-téit), ZCP iii 240 . domroed (domroet, Eg.) ria sein secht carbtib (the house) has sheltered me with (my) seven chariots, IT i 140 , cf. ZCP v 503 .

(b) protects, defends (this meaning is closely connected with preceding and not always to be distinguished from it, cf. follg. exx.: a lám clé doet in sciath which the shield covered, i.e. protected, TBC-I¹ 2983 . aire doeim elodhach rechta who gives shelter or protection to an absconder from law, Laws v 174 . atait secht n-elaidthi la Feine na dime nemedh De whom the sanctuary of God does not protect, 318 , with gl. .i. . . . nocha ditnenn . . . iatt. Glosses defendere, Wb. 5d34 , Ml. 37c16 , 55b2 , 93c18 , 103c5 ; defensare, 23d3 ; tutari, 128c8 ; tueri, 53c2 , 110b5 ; protegere, 37d11 ; vindicare, 67c5 , 100a5 , 112a2 , c1 , 127c7 , 128b4 . ollam .i. oll diem .i. is oll inni ditness, Corm. Y 998 , cf. Laws iv 28 Comm. du-m-em-se ┐ deich tarm c[h]enn, Ml. 72d11 . di-m-emed art uasal may the noble hero protect me (?), LL 122b48 . is bésad inna flatho doem ┐ dofich, Wb. 9d2 . amal do-n-emat eoin a suthu, Ml. 39c22 . niba samlid doem-sa mo thuaid, 37c20 . ná bad for nert dofema (= do-b-ema), Wb. 5d34 . Folld. by AR protects from, against: airnaib imnedaib do-n-eim-ni, a Dæ, Ml. 110d9 , cf. 74b14 . rob lúirech dom anmuin, domremho (= do-m-rema) ar tedhmaim, ZCP vi 257 . do-n-remat . . . ar cech trógi, Fél. Feb. 3 . Note also: is tú fer aurbága fil la Ultu, dóeme a m-mórgressa ┐ a m-mór-aurgala, FB § 11 . ? cia doroet in cath co croé, TFerbe 793 . See next.

emiltius, emeltus

Cite this: eDIL s.v. emiltius, emeltus or dil.ie/20024

 

n u, o, m.

I Prolixity, tediousness: is emiltius fri héstidip...tíachtain dar na nechib inundaib fo dí tedious to listeners BDD 152 . fil lim menbad emiltius a ṡecht cobeis non airmind, LL 43b46 . imgabail emhiltusa avoiding prolixity IT iii 29.22 = emeltusa, ZCP vi 262.16 . is iomdha miorbuile...nach airmither annso do sechna an emheltais, BNnÉ 211.22 ; 274.14 . do secna eimealtais CS p. 2.2 .

II Weariness, satiety, disgust, depression (of body or mind): ba liridir fri gainem mara...dergnatta ic guilbniugud a choss, condagaib emeltius, MacCongl. 13.3 . iar laxu ┐ emeltus ┐ torsi, LB 256b76 . ar thromdacht ┐ emeltus in chuirp truallnide, 257b42 . is amlaid beti na cuirp sin, co tórtrommad ┐ co n-emiltius, RC xxv 248.20 = LU 36b14 . dogab aithsgís ┐ eimealtas iat, Celt. Rev. iv 120.19 . (in Comdiu) is é...carfaider cen emiltius, RC xxv 254 w = LU 37 b17 . ocht n-æric na ndualach .i. diumus, craes, adhaltras, sainnt, format, ferg, toirrsi, eimealtas menman, glor dimain, BLism. 109 . 2b29 (probably toirrsi and e.m. are variants). emeltus mor menman [sic leg.] ┐ mert[n]igi mor aicenta great depression of spirits ZCP x 306.28 . doghabh ionmhoille ┐ éimioltas Eóghan fá bheith a bféaghmais Eireand, ML 44.1 . rogab imthnuth ┐ emiltus iat ris in rig ac a rabatar discontent with TTebe 222 . ua huruathmar ┐ ua hemeltius...leosom caill a nn-oigi...dona feraib sin 726 .

fégad, féc(h)ad, dégad, déc(h)ad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fégad, féc(h)ad, dégad, déc(h)ad or dil.ie/21448

 

Forms: féchain, fécsain, feghad, fegtha

n u, o, m. (vn. of fégaid). Other forms which occur are fégain ( féchain ), fésgain (fésc(h)ain), fécsain, etc., q.v. See IGT, Verbs § 93 . Cf. déicsiu.

(a) looking at, beholding, scanning, (often implying close observation or examination), with obj. gen. or FOR: na treoit chairach ... | ic fegad na flesc, SR 2962 ( Gen. xxx 39 ). in fegad fégfatsa for na echaib, TBC-LL¹ 1343 (= an ḟechain dobersa St). pa forgranna an fegadh ┐ an frithailiom dorat cach dib for a celi (of two combatants) FB 40 Voss. ( ZCP iv 170 ) = feghad , Eg. ( IT i 273n .). ba foruallach ... an feogad (feghadh, feccad v.l.) dobertsat ... for a mbidbadaib, CCath. 2841 . ros fuc leis ... do fegad flatha nime, LU 1968 ( FA 3 ). rogab etere ... in n-ingin oc fegad Manandán, LU 3958 ( SCC 45 ). ní caomhnactar a feughadh ... leisna ruithnibh ZCP v 495y . ragab C. ac fegad Fir D., TBC-LL¹ 4059 . atnaig in cáinte ica ḟégad the satirist fell to looking at it (or him) LL 300by ( Bor. 51 ). do bhí ... ica ḟégad co fada gazed at it a long while Acall. 2268 . is ferr damsa dúl d'ḟegad in tslúaig, LL 302a31 ( Bor. 73 ; do dechain v.l.). t'imthacht fria f.¤ co fír | doridnacht Dia do Dauid to be looked upon (?) SR 6503 . cinnas atú-sa acut frim ḟegad ? what is your opinion of me from looking at me ? TBC-LL¹ 1850 (= cret í do doic[h]si asam ar mfechain duit St). ro líon ferg | in merrdhamh ... | re fegadh chon ngeal, Duan. F. i 32.13 . iar lessugud a llong ... ┐ iar fegad in mara im ḟéth ┐ im ḟostacht ┐ im glaini gaíthi, LL 230b12 ( TTr. 982 ). tancas asin sídh dá ḟégad gá lín do bádar, Acall. 1782 . gainem Mara Romair ... ┐ gainem Maro Rúaid | iarna fégadh sin uli, do dénam na tāthluimi after being examined (sifted) ZCP v 504.17 . Cf. mad ... dallṡinechus is a leith do īc gidbe aīs a mbia mana blicht for a seilb hi. Ocus ni uil in fegad sa for dairti no colpthaigh itir (of compensation for defects in cattle), O'Curry 1040 . 1099 (feghadh). 651 ( H 3.18, 435 . 446 . 315 ). g s. dar trealmaib timtirechtae ... a fegtha `the gear that served his sight' (i.e. the opening in the vizard for seeing) CCath. 4702 . fuigheall feagtha firinne `a sentence founded on the examination of truth' ML 108.4 . laoich nách faghthair fear a bhféachaidh `whom no man is found to face' TD 10.10 .

(b) transf. of that which is seen: aingil, apstail, ard fegad (: sénad) a noble sight (.i. is ard in fegad fegad angelorum ) Hy i 44 . inann finde ┐ f.¤ their fairness and their looks were alike Metr. Dinds. iv 232.15 .

(c) considering, taking into account ; here, perhaps: adropart Noe ... edpart ... don Coimdid, fri fegad cach druing dorhell in consideration of (?) all who had erred SR 2619 . cen fegadh muigi na inbleogain `without regard of place or kinsman' Laws i 192.24 Comm. cf. da ba dec orro sin ... ┐ a fet[h]amlac[h]us do ḟeghadh ar na danaib ele, v 94.2 Comm . i (ic) f.¤ (with gen.) in view of, in comparison with: is nemni sin i condiulg ┐ i fegad na péni fessin, LU 2752 ( RC xxv 254 ). i fégad ┐ i coṅdiulg cech dána rothídnaicc Dia ... is diasnéte in tidnacul tuc indíu ..., PH 5450 . nír bo ní trá in teclamad-sa ... ic fegad in tinóil dariacht a hinsib Mara T., LL 232a41 .

gainel

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gainel or dil.ie/25181

 

n some kind of kindling or tinder (?): cia mac beo genes ho mnai mairb ? Adudh i ngin gainel (riddle and answer), ZCP xiii 272 § 15 (= fadadh ingni gaim v.l.). See under gainem for ex. of gainem used for kindling.

gainem

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gainem or dil.ie/25182
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: gainemh

n ā, f. and o, m. Also n-stem. gainemh m. IGT Decl. § 53.

(a) sand, gravel: int uisque iarsin ganim, Wb. 11a17 . comtis lir fíadgainemain (: tain) 'they were as numerous as desert sand', SR (Greene) 2808 ​. glé nodonselni sládar iasc mbrec for ganim deirg, FB § 48 . amail tuaircther iasg fór gainemh, TBC-LL¹ p. 881 n.1 . ro gab lán a duirnd don ganium, LU 9728 ( ZCP iii 218.20 ). i ngainem na tragai, Three Hom. 122 (LB). risin tracht .i. in gainimh, Laws v 270.24 gloss. cor'bo réill in grian ┐ in gainem in mara, RC x 54.5 ( LU 1883 ). gainem lir fo longaib, Three Hom. 34 (LB). a gainemh glan, BS 156 . roerig a luaithred ┐ a langainem, TTebe 2933 . rotbía ... deog de ganim (i.e. a specially cool draught, cf. 2353 ), TBC-I¹ 1170 ( LU 5648 = deoch a gaineamhain, ZCP viii 550.21 [H.2.17] = deoch a gaineamh, x 280.12 [Fr.]). gur lá ... in grian ┐ in gainemhain ┐ in grinneall, TBC-LL¹, p. 317 n. 1 (H.2.17 and Eg.). go ganem nglasruad, TTebe 1967 . amhail shnigheas gainimh na huaire san urláisde, TSh. 112 . gur fholuigh san ghainimh é, 10540 . san ghainimh, Keat. iii 1638 . is in ngaineamh, 1641 (poem). Matthew vii 26 . bí an gaineamh muirighineach the sand is weighty, Proverbs xxvii 3 . an ghaineamh mór mhuiridhe, TD 4.17 . is gat im ganem (of a cheat or illusion), TBC-LL¹ 4057 . is gnim for gainem a structure on sand (of a useless labour), RIA 23 Q 6 ( O'Curry 1613 ). g s. sreabh glas gainimh, IGT Decl. ex. 1368 . landgur a ngainme, BB 495a4 . ríomh ... gainimh ghil, Content. xxviii 24 . ag spréachadh ... na gainmhe, TSh. 9289 . ós cionn ghainimh na fairge, Jeremiah xv 8 . n p. it mathi inna ganema oc óul ind lenda, Ml. 129d14 . Ní mhar acht a ngainmhe, IGT Decl. ex. 1342 . d p. cethra srotha ... co ngainemaib oir, Ériu ii 114 § 41 . gaineamh beó a quicksand , Acts xxvii 17 . tainic an peist ... ┐ tucc iascc chuccam, ┐ gainemh do thellach do dhenamh teinedh eter a da cois tosaigh ... do benusa teine, ┐ doronus a fadodh leisan ngainemh `hearth-flint (?),' BNnÉ 69 § 114 . The Latin original has `fasciculum de sarminibus' ( BNnÉ ii 333 ), and the Vita Secunda ( V. SS. Hib. ii 289 ) `sacculum similiter alga sicca plenum collo eius suspensum.' In the French version of the legend an otter brings the saint to kindle his fire `marin werec' (i.e. sea-wrack). Cf. gainel.

(b) Med. gravel (in the kidneys): gaineamh no clocha na n-aronn, Abbott-Gwynn 317.

gaínem

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gaínem or dil.ie/25183

 

superl. of gaíne, q.v., used as an adj.? (cf. gaoine .i. maith, O'Cl. ): samchorgus nō gemchorgus isa gāinem (cairem v.l.) glēss, ZCP xiii 29.3 .

gainemda

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gainemda or dil.ie/25184

 

adj ( gainem ) io,iā sandy: ráthaigsit indsi moir ... ganemdha a talum, RC ix 464.13 . isin Moab n-gainemdai, Alex. 331.

gainmech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gainmech or dil.ie/25187

 

( gainem )

adj I o,ā sandy : in gaeth ganmech `sandful,' Ir. Gl. 74.9 . rolá curu in gāeth ganmech, Otia ii 82 § 7 . tír ghainmech mín, Maund. § 246 . LB 122b13 . múr gainmech `a sandy rampart,' Metr. Dinds. ii 46.6 . gáir na Gairbe gainmige, SG 367.85 . san tseanAfraig gainmhigh, TD 1.19 . rofháccsat ... Luimneach na ghual gann gainmheach, AFM ii 882.13 (poem). ? fo gre[i]n gil ganmigh (: Laighnigh) flecked (?), RC xvii 242.7 (Tig.) = AFM i 334.4 .

n II ā, f. sandy ground, sand : co frítha ar in gainmig glain, Metr. Dinds. iii 384.27 . mar thuargther íasc for ganmig, RC xiv 408 § 19 . os gainmechaibh glasmara, LL 386b39 .

gainmén

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gainmén or dil.ie/25189

 

n ( gainem ) o, m. dimin. small gravel or sand : g s. do bhris sé fós m'ḟiacla le clochaibh gainmhéin `gravel stones,' Lam. iii 16.

gainmide

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gainmide or dil.ie/25190

 

adj ( gainem ) io,iā sandy : talam garb ganmide, FA § 30 . deog usci fūair gainmidi a drink of cold water from the sand, TBC-I¹ 2353 . úir glan gainmidhe, Anecd. ii 22 § 3 . IGT Decl. ex. 1246 . co glan-tobar ngainmidi `sand-strewn,' Metr. Dinds. iv 12.8 . in cæmtracht gainmide, Aen. 1473 . gur bruighedar an gealtracht gainmighi, CF 492 . conuigi an muir ngainmhidhi, Maund. § 245 . mar chith gainnmhidhe `a shower of sand,' Maguires of F. § 3 . oitir gainmhidhe a sand-bank , L. Chl. S. § 21 . an uair bíd clocha beaga gainmhidhe isin bfual gravelly, 23 K 42, 137.16 . arán gainmhidhe bread mixed with sand, Mac Aingil 351.

ganem

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ganem or dil.ie/25357

 

x (and derivatives) see gainem .

? geim

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? geim or dil.ie/25521

 

n sand, dust: glé no laiged isin ngeim (.i.isin nganem), LU 644 (ACC Comm.) = isin ganim, RC xx 168.2 = isin gainem , SGS ii 164.18 .

1 glaine

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 glaine or dil.ie/25946
Last Revised: 2019

 

n (glan) , f. (m., IGT Decl. § 2 )

(a) clearness, cleanness; in moral sense purity: in glaine sin et ind nóibe, Wb. 9c30 . fris in noibi ┐ in glaini, Ml. 98d2 . a mundit[i]a .i. ōn gloine, Corm. Y 900 . Iulián all ṅglaine a rock of purity, Fél. Jan. 6. ib. 9 . ara glaini ro ainmniged disi sin (of Fand), LU 3377 ( SCC 17 ). eirnigter seoit di ... ar comet i nglaine for keeping in purity, Laws v 448.7 Comm. andgus .i. glaine, 460.5 . geanas (.i. glaine), ACL iii 12 § 16 . o bathis (.i. o glaine), 18 . glaine cride ┐ menman, PH 6350 . dho-míllset ... in gáel glaine do-bí doib ríu the bond of purity, 7432 . iar fegad in mara im ḟéth ... ┐ im glaini gáithi, TTr. 983 ( LL 230b13 ). buí día glaine corbo réill in grian ┐ in gainem (of the sea), LU 1883 . i fogmur ara glainni, Laws i 2.2 . do ghlaine a gaísi `by the clearness of his wisdom,' MR 318.29 . fer firen co ngloine aiccnidh, BNnÉ i 20.3 . ar gloine a n-ealadhan, Leb. Gab.(i) i 158 n. 4 . coraib a durrthech ... hi ṅglaine ... kept clean, Ériu i 219 § 6 . ar ghloine an árais, TSh. 3721 . gloine t'asán, TD 38.3 . gloine fhíacal, Amos iv 6. Psalms xviii 20.24 .

(b) glass, crystal; fig. crystalline quality: comla glaine fri cach sinister, Laws i 28.32 Comm. lestar gloine, PH 270 . dabhach ... do gloine ghuirm, Ériu iii 156 § 10 . in gem gloine (of a bishop), AU ii 174.9 ( an. 1173). mar théid tré chlár ngloine an ghrian, Dán Dé xxvi 23 . rosg ar néimh ghloine `of the brightness of crystal,' TD 27.42 . a ghluine mar néimh nuaighrís, Dánta Gr. 16.68 . bruar nó luaithreadh na gloine, TSh. 7195 .

(c) a glass (vessel): cenn Eōin Baptaist ... a ngloine cristail, Fl. Earls 30.8 . dū ina ndingentaidhe na gloinidhe, Fl. Earls 70.3 .

glés

Cite this: eDIL s.v. glés or dil.ie/26066

 

Forms: gléso, glēis

n u, m. g s. gléso, Ardm. 78a2 ( Thes. i. 495 ) ; also o, m. g s. glēis (: mēiss), LL 29b46 . (: éis), Metr. Dinds. iv 260.14 ; 198.45 . A. Ó Dálaigh lv 2.

(a) In general sense a contrivance, means, arrangement : ri dosnarbair ... | im thalmain con-ilglessaib, | cach digaeth dib im glés ṅgle | is oengles foraib huile (of the winds) ... who disposed them around the earth with manifold functions, each wind of them for its own definite function and yet all serving the same purpose, SR 89 - 92 . in glés fuil for na dúilib the whole constitution of the elements, O'D. 971 ( H 3.17, c.679 ). samchorgus nō gemchorgus | isa gāinem glēss the arrangement of which is most admirable, ZCP xiii 29 § 15 . óenach Talten, talci gleós (: beós= glēs) `with mighty preparations,' Metr. Dinds. iii 50.39 . fo a gles chóir under due management, Mon. Tall. § 77 . fó áenglés ┐ fo oencháe in one guise and in one way, TTr. 1504 ( LL 237a33 ). gabaid glés n-imberta a arm forsna diberga he starts plying, LU 7862 ( BDD § 143 ). Cf. nogabtís glés do chloídmib ... ┐ d'echlascaib ... doib, LB 155a13 . do chuir gles ar a mhuinntir do tarrainġ amach, Rel. Celt. ii 192.2 . glés coimhéta, 198.7 . glés troda, 188.14 . gléas bídh agus biotáille do chur orainn let food and liquor be furnished ..., Maguires of F. § 67 . gléas meallta ar mhnáibh, Dánta Gr. 9.32 . gléas do thurnamh an diomusa, TSh. 634 ; 10774 . gé nár chuir an t-olc a ngniomh (sic leg.), d'esbhuidh gléasa for want of means, Mac Aingil 242.16 . Of a building : allmhurdha leam gléas na nGall. `this foreigner's style,' DDána 119.33 .

(b) the instrument, apparatus, equipment with which something is done. tri tuimthea gléso three dippings of the writing instrument, Thes. i 495.5 ( Ardm. 78a2 ). Cf. mo glēs gēroll (of a pen), ZCP xiii 8.5 . as olc an glés, O'Gr. Cat. 243.35 (scribal note). ingni foda is géiri glés, IGT Decl. ex. 157 . ina chathcharpat serda ... cona glés aursloicthi, TBC-LL¹ 2630 . rosglúais gaisced glé-mer gléis `hasty valour, ready in arms,' Metr. Dinds. iv 260.14 . Cf. ar ghuís a ghleís `on the vigour (?) of his weapon,' A. Ó Dálaigh lv 2 . goro fliuchadh ... glesa a nglan-ghonnadh `the apparatus of their fine guns,' AFM vi 2034.2 . pláta airgid ar a bhfoil gles osgailti, Mac Aingil 335.16 . Cf. indell .i. glés, Manners and Customs iii 215 n . glese .i. glesa .i. indle no arma, Todd Nenn. 230 n .

(c) of a bout or spell (of doing something), esp. a bout of fighting : glēs a hindeón the working (?) of its anvils, Hail Brigit § 9 ( LL 49b32 ). iarsin ro selachsa | iar nglés dún fo thrí I slew after three bouts of fighting, LU 9366 = Anecd. iii 54.14 . garb leis in glés nógebedh Troil ... for a muintir the dressing which T. would inflict, TTr.² 1525 . Dal cCais ... | fogebat gles go ngairbe, Anecd. ii 21 § 15 . tuarascbail in trom-glesa sin do innisin `to give a description of the fighting,' Cog. 174.5 . glés ar an mbearna do-bhir, IGT Decl. ex. 1979 . lais na glesaib garga ... gaisced, ro gabsatar i cendaib ... a cheile `the passes of valour,' MR 266.23 . Transf. of physical elements : firfid glés fort do nim coticfe glúne, Trip. i 120.6 = ferfaid gless snecta fort do nim co roa gluine, Anecd. iii 39.10 . tainic glés mór fleachaid ┐ gaoithe, Misc. Hag. Hib. 16 § 14 . ferthar glés fleochaidh forra, Hugh Roe § 83 (40b) . fri glessa gaíthe garbha, AFM i 524.11 .

(d) Of musical instruments: playing, performance; tuning (?) (cf. crann glésa `a tuning-key,' Manners and Customs iii 255 - 6 ); a special mode (of the harp), see gentarglés, goltarglés: atbélat fir la clúaiss ṅgléssa dóib (v.l. la luas ṅgesa) (of the mythical harpers of the TDD), TBFr. 121 ( LL 249a42 ). as cruit cen gles do na tri glesaib ... .i. suantraigi acas golltraigi acas gentraigi, YBL 75b31 = Manners and Customs iii 251 n . Cf. gabhus C. an cchruit ┐ sinnis an gendtraighe, an golltraighe ┐ sinnis an suantraighe gles iarsin, Ériu iv 57.6 . sai canntairechta ┐ crotglesa, maroen re gles do denum do fein nach dernadh remhe `instrument' (mode of playing ?), ALC i 290.25 .

(e) As vn. making trial of, practising, preparing: buidhean ghaibhneadh ag gléas arm, TD 11.19 . fechain glesa pind annso, Plummer Colophons 14 n. 8 ( Lib. Flav. I ii f. 10c ). glés pinne gére, IGT Decl. ex. 1451 . dar an bpeann atá gan ghlés `not mended,' O'Gr. Cat. 590.33. Cf. aga níl agam do ghléas caoil-phinn to trim a [quill] pen, Fiche Duan 30 (poem written 1823). harnessing or equipping horses: deich n-eich ar na n-gléas do'n ghraidh (`ten caparisoned horses' (broken in ?), Leb. Cert. 84.13 . as é budh ferr do ghlés each `to train horses,' RC xxiv 46.1 = TFrag. 34.12 .

(f) Compd. ¤obann (of a gun) quick-firing (?): gunnadha glésoibne, Hugh Roe 168.2 (fol. 45a) .

goirt

Cite this: eDIL s.v. goirt or dil.ie/26328
Last Revised: 2013

 

adj i

(a) hungry, starved : g.¤ .i. gortach, O'Cl. cú g.¤ elscothach, IT i 41.9 = avidus, Lat. Lives 69.20 . narub saithech narub g.¤ , Fél.² lxxxv May 10 . ni aurberta bith comat guirt `till thou be hungry,' Rule of Tallaght 78 § 56 . dia mbat g.¤ bid fann do chlí, O'D. 992 ( H 3.17, 855 ).

(b) (primary sense Celtica xxi 281 ) bitter, sour, salt, sharp, keen : g.¤ gl. acidus, Ir. Gl. 637 . tene ... langoirt, IT i 191.13 . ba gnim guirt, LL 204b50 . serb ┐ g.¤ , PH 7247 . bíad g.¤ cen dig, Triads 70 . níor chaoin a ghalar g.¤ gnáth, DDána 46.16 . gnáithphiana géara goirte, TSh. 4166 . a Bricriu báeth briatharguirt, RC xiv 424.x . oirfitiud serb-g.¤ cen cheol cen áinius, PH 8138 . g.¤ an sdair, DDána 31.25 . gol-gháirthe guirte, TSh. 5574 . Corcach i fil cluca binde | g.¤ a gainem , MacCongl. 15.16 . ní ar a scerter (salann) acht maíne scerter ar mo theangaidh arecha nucu n-ecean is coirt cheana, BB 299a12 . comad estib sin nofhásad in muir marb sin, ár is g.¤ ┐ is serb h-í, LB 159a22 . géar gharbh gh.¤ leó an sáile, Atlantis iv 136.36 . an tuisci bis a talmain g.¤ `salt earth,' Ir. Astr. Tr. 40.17 . gáeth garb g.¤ , LU 2184 ( FA 26 ). da shleig ... is iat nemnecha faeburgoirti dia ruamnaitis rind, LL 189b17 . saigti gera, goirti gunecha goirti keen, bitter, wounding arrows, Cog. 158.17 . buille don glaedhe gherg.¤ , Stair Erc. 1324.

Adv. is and sin roráid Laég g.¤ romgaet, etc., RC iii 178.26 ( LL 121a3 ). co nguilet co serb g.¤ , IT i 191.23 . ro-s-cói co serb-g.¤ , PH 682 . raghuirt do luigh m'oire air, DDána 31.18 .

Compar. Of cream : co neperar de na bi goirtai inni (= indiu) ol bui ane, Laws ii 254.6 ( ZCP xiv 356.5 ). Superl. in cainti ba geriu ┐ ba gortiu ┐ ba hamainsiu bai i nHériu ina aimsir, Hib. Min. 65.4 .

Compds. ¤bíad salt food : began goirt bidh do ┐ terci lenda, Lism. L. 310.11 . ¤bríathrach sharp-tongued : neimhnech goirtbhriathrach ó erlabhra, Cóir Anm. 263 . ¤gním : tré ghoirt-ghníomhaibh na haithrighe do choimhlíonadh austerity , TSh. 8815 . ¤gréchad bitter screaming : an guirt-ghréachadh dorónsad na hairechta sin, CRR² 29 (84.16) .

grian

Cite this: eDIL s.v. grian or dil.ie/26629

 

n o, m.? n.? disyll. in O.I.

I gravel, sand, sea or river bottom: grían .i. grinneall mara, locha no abhann, O'Cl. ruidfes grian `der Sand sich röthen wird,' TBC-LL¹ 4978 . is gat im ganem ná im grían, 4057 . doficfad (leg. dobicfat) Ulaid asa nōeindin ┐ cotemelad (leg. cotobmélat) ar mur ┐ grīan, TBC-I¹ 1077 . is amlaid cotomélani (leg. cotonmélani) in fer sin a óenur ar úir ┐ grían that man ... will grind us to mould and gravel, LU 8700 ( FB 52 ). fodeice sís, ba buan a chis, grian an mara, Anecd. i 65 § 133 . cor bo réill in grian ┐ in gainem in mara trit, RC x 54.5 . alainn do grian fad glanloch, KMMisc. 314.8 . slebe gainme ┐ grian it e guirt(h)e in ogh, Ériu ii 120 § 58 . gainem a grīan `its soil is sand,' MacCongl. 17.1 . os grian mara mongairtrein, RC xiv 62.14 . deotar itir uir ocus griaun (v.l. grian), Anecd. ii 59.12 . itir ur ┐ grioan (v.l. grian) `among mould and gravel,' RC xii 86 § 92 . ro eirigh don grían go hairm i mbádar (of a drowned body) `it rose from the bed of the river,' BNnÉ 295 § 23 . srotha nofheas adosnai |i ngrian na haoi nī hosgar (.i. ar grindel na eladhan), ZCP v 488 § 9 (B. na Filed). roscáich cach cert co grian has gone to the bottom, Metr. Dinds. i 28.6 . ceatha ... do loim-ghriana luaithreadha `showers of the bare soil of dust,' Todd Lect. iv 74.28 ( CRR² 23 ). co griantracht an tobair to the gravelly brink of the well, Acall. 2331 . grian .i. ō chri[aid.] crē .i. a creta , O'Mulc. 661 . Grian Glinne hUi .i. uighi cerc, O'Dav. 1058 = Hib. Min. 47.11 . go bhfuaduighthear go grian ┐ go grinneall an ghruaim-thighe sin iad, TSh. 6645.

II Fig. basis, foundation: ocht n-airic[h] go ngolaige | rongléat go grīan | na hocht trátha toghaide | dia ndíchar co dīan, ZCP vi 271 § 1 . breitheamhnas díreach doibh soin (i.e. of words with various meanings) | go grian a bhfis ní féadair `their fundamental meaning,' Content. v 43 . éisdeacht do neach dobadh ciall | re glór nach ró a fhios go grian, ib. xviii 91 . grian ar bhfis is dál domhain `the bottom of my knowledge is a deep thing,' ib. xxiv 6 .

III earth, land (held by an individual): fail folach ós grían `there is a hiding-place above ground,' Metr. Dinds. iii 140.1 . Ríí Caisil tra doratt fond ┐ grían doib hi tōib Aurchuind, ZCP viii 308.29 . a grian techta do sannad `to alienate from him his lawful land,' Laws v 436.x . na fuil ar griun duine airithi, iii 384.15 Comm. an deoraid bis for griun no for snada, v 364.y Comm. fer grin .i. gradh flatha `an original landowner' (lit. a man of land), v 184.15 Comm. fuidir griain, Ir. Recht 65 - 6 , 75 . is leo grian na cille, Rawl. 118b30 . fine grin the original tribe of the land, O'Don. Supp. the global family: muna tainic damna apaidh dfine erlomha ... no griain, Laws iii 72.x Comm. dfine grin `to the tribe to whom the land belongs,' ib. 72.16 Comm. fine in urruidh ar a taitt griun `on whose land they are,' ii 180.2 Comm. conid sīatt is fine griein (sic leg.) ac Laind ōsin alle the glebal family, BColm. 38.2 . la Colmān hī sein ō griun co nem `from ground to sky,' ib. 66.2 . grían .i. fearann, O'Cl. do dhermaid siad ... | a ngrian chatha a gclesa lúith `they have forgotten their battle-ground,' O'Gr. Cat. 472.20 . da bfághlaim a ngrían gach gleóidh, in every battle-field, Rel. Celt. ii 226.18 .

IV the bare surface (of the human skin): léne ... sídaide ... ré grían a geilchnis, Fianaig. 84.25 . docuir sé leíne sroill ... re grian a geilchnis, RC x 188.10 .

gúal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gúal or dil.ie/26752
Last Revised: 2013

 

n o, m. and ā, f. m., IGT Decl. § 96 . charcoal, coal : ba duibithir gual cech n-alt ocus cech n-aige de, FB 37 (Eg.). dubithir gual ngoibnidi, ZCP xiii 256.23 . ba comdub re gual in blai futairlli do bói fair, Acall. 6639 . haec sturna (?) clas guail, Ir. Gl. 273 . miach guaile fri ernna `a sack of charcoal for the irons,' Laws iv 310.23 . loscad guaile, ib. v 474.5 . find la dubu co ndath guaile (: huaire), Anecd. i 58 § 62 . smir guailí .i. cuillenn sen, Auraic. 5633 . an gabha shéideas an gúal annsa teine, Isaiah liv 16 . Of hot coals : ni cumgand gual na grés na gorta tre bithu sir ní dó, Acall. 7180 n . as me an teine as cró-derg gual, BNnÉ 285.30 . bā gat im gainem nō im gūal (of an impossible thing), MacCongl. 71.26 . gual adhairce pure black charcoal from burnt horn : samhalta ┐ gual adhairce ar na bathadh a n-uiscce, Ériu iv 49.8 .

Compd. ¤gríos coal embers : ceardcha gabhann gan ghuailghríos, DDána 81.34 .

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