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? airgairit

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? airgairit or dil.ie/2008

 

n ( gairit ): cuic imaire i n-urgairit, O'D. 2350 ( Rawl. B 506, 40a ) (? in the short side, Plummer MS. notes).

athgairit

Cite this: eDIL s.v. athgairit or dil.ie/4773

 

adj ( gairit ) (very) short (of space and time): dentar comairle ḟorbthe athgarit acainni let us make a prompt decision, TBC-LL¹ 5114 . do ronsad comnaidhe n-a.¤ ann, TBC-LL¹ p. 723 n.9 . re hedh n-a.¤ don conair, CCath. 2639 . cona bai acht edh a.¤ a n-imdiubraicthi etarra, 5548 . do gabh si . . . slighi a.¤ , Smaointe B. Chr. 3932 . an raon direach athghairid, TSh. 10757 . Adv. go hathghoiritt as a haithle shortly afterwards, AFM iii 464.x .

As subst. short distance, short cut, direct route: gabus in a.¤-si dochumm n-iffirn, PH 7608 . dochuaid cach dib ar athgairid eolais reime dochum a chrichi, TTebe 4617 . dogluaisetar rompo a n-athgairit gacha sliged, IT ii2 134.312 . teacht ar ecin a n-athgair[i]d na h-India to go by the most direct route to India, BB 493b37 = iar sligthib rígda etc., Alex. 607 . In phr. cor i n-a.¤ act of abbreviating, making concise: ní hinchuir a n-atghairit comhráidh iat, Smaointe B. Chr. 3216 . dob í a toil a comuirle do chur i n-athghairid d'iaraigh shligheadh meallta chuigi-siun, 2835 (cf. John viii 6 ). Short time: is i n-iffrionn bhías a eiséirghe iar n-athgairitt, BNnÉ 56 § 61 . dob iomdha uadha, re hathghoirid, feinnidh frais-ghonta, ML 134.26 .

bé(o)laid(e)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bé(o)laid(e) or dil.ie/5688
Last Revised: 2019

 

adj (béoil) fat, greasy; juicy; plump, well-covered: bearr .i. gairit, ut dicitur bearr cach belaid bean `every stout woman is short' ( Ériu xi 89 ), H.3.18, 64b15 = berr gach beoluig ben, O'Mulc. 183 a. trí .lll. ngabar ndubglas it é . . . bolcsróin bruindideirg béolaide, BDD² 464. ote cendbeca urderga bruinnederga beolaidhe (peulaicche, v.l.), Anecd. iii 49.19 . buí fodhord móar imbe lie máthrui la Túaith Déi, ar níbtar béoluide a scénai úatha 'there was great murmuring against him [Bres] among his maternal kinsmen the Túatha Dé, for their knives were not greased by him', CMT² 32 § 36 (i.e. he did not offer them food). staci cach bíd belaide `pieces of every palatable food', MacCongl. 81.20 . tar baitsechaib būana belaide `perpetual pools of gravy', 85.19 . loch do braisig belaiche / fó barr úscai olordai, 37.30 . blonoc brothrach belathi tuirc trebair taiscelta, 87.15 . Becnat Bēlaithi, 77.8 . in tan cotacaithedsi coiri . . . do (bo, Facs.) thiughbraisci belaigthi, YBL 177a17 (= BB 257b11 ).

berr

Cite this: eDIL s.v. berr or dil.ie/5721

 

Forms: beir, Berran

adj [o, ā] short (short-haired ? Cf. berraid): bearr .i. gairit ut dicitur bearr cach belaid bean `every stout woman is short' ( Ériu xi 89. 14 ), H 3.18, 64b15 = b.¤ (beir, MS.) .i. gach ngairid unde est b.¤ gach beoluig ben, O'Mulc. 183a. bir .i. gach gairit , O'Curry 971 (H. 3.18, 416). As (hypocoristic) n. pr.: B. . . . i rRos, Mart. Tall., Dec. 21. Cf. Berran, July 11 . As epithet: Lugaid B. (Lugb.¤ , v.l.), Corp. Gen. 373.6 . See Ériu xii 216. Appar. as subst. in (of dividing inherited land ) curter birr braithri in coiced bliada[i]n .i. . . . crannchuir do denam doib uime cib e diobh da-ria rogha, Cóic Con. 42 § 65 `a short piece of wood . . . for casting lots', Plummer MS. notes.

Compd. beirrsgian `a Razor ', Eg. Gl. 722 (cf. berrad).

2 cía

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 cía or dil.ie/8966
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: ce, ci, cení, ceni, cini, céa, gia, ga, cethuc, ciaso, ciarba, ciaso, cia, cesu, ceso, cinidlúith, cinid, cinith, cenid, cenid, cenutad, cenotad, cenuded, cetothóisegu, cetu, ceto, ciato, ciabaderóil, ciabaloingthech, ciafa, cid, cith, ced, ceith, ceth, cinip, cenip, cenib, cit, cinbat, cenibed, citis, cetis, ciabsa, cepu, ciabu, cíabo, ciaptar, cebtar, céptar, cíaptar, ciarpsa, cíarbu, cíarbo, cinirbo, gidh, cíasa, cidat, cesu, cīas, cíammin, gidat, ge, gé, gé, ceinip, cenip, cér, cepsi, cíamtis, cía, cíambad, ciambad, cemadh, gembo, gémadh, ciamdis, cíamtis, cenptís, ciarb, cer, gér, gér, gé, cersat, cid

conj. (a use of 1 cía, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 206 , Bergin, Ériu xii 206 . Not a use of 1 cía, Greene, Ériu xxi 92 - 3 ) In O. Ir. also ce ( GOI 34 ). Before initial vowels also ci. Neg. cení, ceni, cini ( GOI 561 ). céa, Trip.² 444 . gia, SR 2885 . ga, LL 8354 (TBC). In later lang. gé ( GOI 111 ). giodh re hucht n-innsgne ┐ molta ┐ bfocuil, ┐ gé re hucht n-oibrighthe, acht gurab cóir giodh gonta no a leithéid eile, IGT Introd. 8.1 (for giodh see infra). On gé do in past tense in class. lang. see Duan. Finn Gloss. gér chreid, Dán Dé xx 38 . gé go ttainic, Duan. F. ii 368 § 26 . In later lang. often reinforced by acht: acht gé tá, DDána 20.17 . acht ge bhadar, Stair Erc. 1471 . As a rule unstressed, cf. TD 15.28 note. But the form giodh is in list of words which may rhyme, Bard. Synt. Tr. 30.27 , the sense in available exx. being even (see infra): giodh: miodh, 39 = DDána 84.18 . As a rule leniting, GOI 561 . But not in copula forms ce-pu, cia-ptar. Isolated exx. with gemination (no ref.), GOI 145 . Not a conj. particle, and takes absol. and deut. form of vb. in O. Ir. (though it takes conj. form of pret. of copula, GOI 491 ). Cf. also: cethuc, Thes. ii 225.19 (PCr.). cé betis secht tengtha / im gin, Fél. Ep. 125 . See Mulchrone, Celtica v 143 . Occasionally folld. by rel. clause: ciararubartat biuth, Ml. 91b1 ( GOI 320 ). Cf. acht gé bhíos 'na bheathaidh, TSh. 1222 .

Somet. replaced as simple conj. by cid etc. (presum. cía + subj. pres. 3 s. of copula, see infra): ced donecmai, Mon. Tall. 146.19 . cid dognether ess usci, 143.18 . cid arfaomtar ní, 148.17 . cid fogluasa though . . . may, 152.1 . cid chodala a lórtid, 161.27 . cid ro chloí, LL 521 . gidh atá, ML 56.11 . gidh atáid, RSClára 54a . acht gidh do bhí, Eochairsg. 31.3 . acht cid bíd, Maund. 215 .

Forms with copula. Indic. pres. 2 s. ciaso, LL 344a32 = ciarba, Tec. Corm. 12.7 . 3 s. (leniting) ciasu, Wb. 11c17 . 12a5 . 19a20 . Ml. 26c4 . 26d12 . 67a4 . 67d24 . ciaso, Wb. 28c14 . Sg. 211b7 . cia so, 204a8 . cesu, Wb. 21d13 . Sg. 38a1 . 41b10 . 59a6 . 78b2 . 90a5 . 91a3 . 137b2 . 158a2 . 217b12 . ceso, 21a1 . 206a3 . With neg. cinidlúith lib, Wb. 12b9 . cinid airi, Sg. 35b13 . cinith mút, 5b4 . cenid, Ml. 42b7 . 44c26 . cenid, Sg. 181b4 . 202a5 . 2 pl. cenutad, Wb. 4a10 . cenotad, 33b8 . cenuded, Thes. i 713.25 . (archaic, GOI 485 ). 3 pl. cetothóisegu, Wb. 18d14 . cetu chummascthai, Sg. 62a2 . ceto écintecha, 203b10 . ciato chomṡruithi, Críth G. 493 . Subj. pres. 1 s. ciabaderóil, Wb. 18a7 . 2 s. ciabaloingthech, Wb. 6c9 . ciafa firián, Ml. 36a32 . 3 s. cid, cith, ced, ceith, ceth passim (see below). cinip, Wb. 11d15 . cinip . . . cenip , Ml. 59a23 . cenib, 24d22 . 3 pl. cit, Wb. 4d4 , 5 , 9a12 . 12a13 . Sg. 207b11 . cinbat, Wb. 4d6 . Subj. impf. 3 s. ce bad hé frisandénte, Wb. 9c24 . cenibed áainmsom bes foir, Ml. 23d17 . 3 pl. citis, cetis cited GOI 490 . Pret. 1 s. ciabsa .i. ge do bhí mé, O'Cl. 3 s. cepu, Wb. 2c25 . 4c35 . ciabu, Ml. 24c12 . cíabo cited GOI 491 . 3 pl. ciaptar, Ml. 98c5 . cebtar, Wb. 4a8 . céptar, Fél. Prol. 74 . cíaptar, Ep. 14 . Perf. 1 s. ciarpsa, Wb. 30a6 . 3 s. cíarbu, 13b8 . cíarbo, ibid. cinirbo, 24c22 .

Forms from later sources. Indic. pres. 1 s. gidh um, RSClára 55b . 2 s. cíasa, Trip.² 1282 . cidat, TFerbe 638 . 3 s. cesu, LU 3799 ( SCC 37 ). MacCarthy 400.6 . cīas, Sc.M² 22d . 1 pl. cíammin, BDD² 329 . 3 pl. gidat, Anecd. ii 24 § 14 . Subj. pres. 3 s. ge, ZCP viii 116.28 . gé mídhiongmhála mé, RSClára 39a . gé leor, TD 20. 13 v.l. (more correctly giodh as in text, IGT Introd. cited above). ceinip, IT iii 239.122 . cenip, MU² 905 . cér' maith dogné, MacCarthy 66.4 . ? cepsi derb `of a sooth', Arch. Hib. iv 206 § 16 . Impf. 3 s. (cíambad, cíamtis perh. from cía no bad, betis, IT i Wtb. s.v. 3 cia ; modelled on díambad, Bergin, Ériu xii 206 n.2 ): cíambad, MU² 140 . ciambad, Airne F. 89 . cemadh, CCath. 5415 . gid mad, TTebe 1011 . ? gembo, IT iii 94.12 . In later lang. freq. gémadh. 3 pl. ciamdis, Anecd. i 21.5 . cíamtis, LU 2285 ( FA 34 ). cenptís, Fing. R. 230 . Pret. and perf. 3 s. ciarb, LL 22662 (CRR). cer gním, 28196 ( Metr. Dinds. ii 74.30 ). gér mhaith, TD 14.29 . gér ba, SG 168.z . gé gurb, Dánfhocail 64 . cérbat, LB 138a23 ( Todd Lect. vi 64 ). cersat, 4a5 ( PH 250 ).

I With follg. subjunctive.

(a) if, even if, in the case that, in the event that (often almost identical in meaning with má, Bergin, Ériu xii 206 ): ceimroimsimmis `if we should sin', Wb. 9c10 . batorad saithir dúnn . . . cedumelmis cechtuari et cedugnemmis andugniat ar céli, 10c21 . cia sulbiriger gl. si orem lingua, 12d10 . ceni-thaisid ar ois `unless ye go thus willingly', Ml. 33b15 . cenis-nícae `if Thou save them not', 88b7 . ci insamlar gl. si eos imitor, Sg. 1b1 . ceni et huaitsiu if I don't get (it) from you, Vita Br. 25 . trí toichnedai . . . cia be[i]th rí etc. (one is) the case in which a king is . . . , Críth G. 548 . cenis beith biad acht rusbeth deog, Vita Br. 23 . ceni therna if he should happen not to return, Irish Texts i 21 § 17 . cia dogne ín bean cinnta should the woman commit crimes, Laws iv 60.26 Comm. ni imdich cia beth cuit do indib `it shall not shelter him that he has a share in them', iv 202.2 . cia fo-certa míach . . . for a mullach if, BDD² 347 . sund cia no chráidem in Ríg / batin aithrig is tir thall, Ériu i 68.14 . ciathias ann, LB 126b33 . ro badh iongnadh . . . / gémadh . . , DDána 42.34 . cía . . . cía, ceni, cen co whether . . . or (not): cenonmolid cenon airid `whether ye praise us, whether ye blame us', Wb. 16a1 . ciatroillet ciniarillet `whether they deserve it, or deserve it not', 31c23 . gerbh āil gin corb áil leō whether they liked it or not, ACL iii 5.33 . cia fogabad cenco fagbad, LL 7328 .

(b) As explic. and final conj. that (but see Ériu xlii 53 ) (frequ. in clauses depending on words meaning good, fitting, permissible , etc. See ZCP xxix 181 . Somet. with perfective subj., GOI 343 , 562 ): is cett lem don aegaire / cía nobeth sund co sona that he should be here happily, BColm. 98.7 . bacoir cena-chomalnithe, Wb. 13a33 . cubaid . . . cé mad i lub-gort, PH 3020 . is dedbir duib ciforrgot `that they destroy', Thes. i 714.14 . badethbir do cinifesed . . . , 3.39 . is dual ┐ is duthaig duib ciadogneiti calma, BB 429b41 . isfo lium ciarafesid `that ye should know it', Wb. 14b20 . immaircide . . . cerubet ipéin ladiabul, 26a23 . cia dulogae doib a nuili torgabala on gl. licet indulgenter omnia contuleris semel electis, Ml. 138b7 . is licet cia nospromae, Ériu i 202.7 . ba loür . . . / . . . comrac frium / ceni lomardais tre barr / mo dá n-ó dim chiunn, Blathm. 94 § 17 . ni maith less cia gabthar do, Wb. 29b5 . nec mirum .i. ciasingbat árim déṡillabche compariti ┐ superlati, Sg. 44b3 . ní mebul lemm ciafadam `I am not ashamed that I suffer it', Wb. 29d27 . ní mór duib cia chomallaide aní . . . `that ye fulfil', Ml. 95c3 . ciat ngneitis niba romh `they should have recognized him immediately', Blathm. 391 . Note also: nísnain ciasberat níntánicc recht the fact of their saying . . . will not protect them, Wb. 1d1 . amal nandéni mascul dindí as auxilium cebeith genitor áarrad the fact of its being accompanied by g. does not make a. a masculine, Sg. 125a6 (alternatively: a. does not become masculine even though accompanied by g.).

(c) although, in spite of the fact that, even though ( GOI 561 ): bésu dagduine ciniestar cachtúari, Wb. 6b23 . ciachondesin farsúli `though I had asked for your eyes', 19d24 . cini eperthe frinn `even though it should not be said to us', 19a5 . cenitormastar homéit istrom cenae ho aicniud even without its being increased, Ml. 20a20 . ciarubé cenní diib nirubai cenaib huli, 20d4 . cechonístis nombetis archuit analoige `though they might be as regards analogy', Sg. 138a9 . canair son ce beith tuaslucud `it is sung, though there be a relaxation', Mon. Tall. 139.4 . cīa dofaetsad nem for talmain, BColm. 104.17 . ? céini rogalta in fēin `though thou hadst not promised', Fianaig. 12.18 . darbord cia bé `haughty though he was', MacCarthy 186.7 . ge deach rī Conaill a ccēin, ZCP viii 116.21 . gé bheith duine go díomhaoin, Dán Dé xxii 5 .

Very freq. with subj. pres. 3 s. of copula cid though (it be), granting that it is: ced nessa cenél neich alailiu, Ml. 115d7 . cid doib doarrchet, Wb. 5a16 (where cid is perh. used as indic., GOI 484 ). cidmebul lib, 3b30 . cith .m. namma scríbthar and, Sg. 28a15 . ceith dichrai a ndaithrigi `however fervent their penitence', Mon. Tall. 134.12 . cid dīthrub Temair, Thes. ii 317.7 (Hy. ii). cit (pl.) réidi reba, Trip.² 1278 . cenid mé in murgelt már, LU 3022 . gidh aoibhneas an domhan mín, Dán Dé xxiii 35 . ciodh glan mo chrábhadh, Keat. iii 1703 . Perh. also: cid etir in fact, indeed, LL 31730 (TTr.). cidh on in any case, O'D. 39 ( H 3.17, 35 ). Note also: gidhedh nogabdais / ō Bh. co B. though they should go from B. to B., ZCP viii 110 § 7 . ní thiobhra an corp cead a mhúinte / a mhacnas orm gidh eadh raibh though that is what I desire, Dán Dé xix 6 . ? cipithair mo mac inn nī romarbthar though my son come, ZCP xiii 178.19 (cf. cid bé s.v. 1 cía ?). With impf. gémadh naomh even though he be a saint, Dán Dé vii 29 . gemadh fili, Stair Erc. 1231 (even ? see infra).

cid . . . cid whether (it be) . . . or: cidcían cidgair, Wb. 3c5 . cid in imniud cid hisocumail beusa, Ml. 53b8 . cid bec cid mar, Sg. 2a7 . ceith mín cid anmín `slightly or strongly', Mon. Tall. 148.24 . cidh islip cidh uaislibh `whether they be plebeians or nobles', Laws iv 26.20 Comm. ainmne is umaldóit certae / cid maith, cid saich, cid bochtae `which set right good and evil and poverty', Ériu iii 104 § 38 . gidh sunn, cidh tall no mairmis, BNnÉ 313 § 5 . With gé: ge garid gé étgene / dit álaib fo chen, LU 10429 ( ZCP iii 258.9 ). With ellipse of second cid: cid cian gairit , IT i 118.13 (TE Eg.). gidh mór beag do bhéaradh sibh be your gift great or small, Dán Dé vi 21 .

Hence in adv. phr. (┐) cid ed however, nevertheless : ┐ cided ón nislán térnatar, LL 256b26 ( TFerbe 429 ). gided tarcid C., LL 11391 (TBC). cid edh, CCath. 3004 . is gidh eadh, DDána 91.12 . gidheadh ag nach bí éinní `yet hath nothing', Proverbs xiii 7 . ┐ gideth, ZCP vi 34.10 . cid ed, CRR 26.3 . ged ed, TTebe 2092 . In narrative: cērbh eadh, Feis Tighe Chonáin 518 .

With subj. pres. 3 s. of copula in sense even (somet. as mere emphasising word). Twice with pl. ending in Wb.: bieit cit geinti hiressich, 4c40 . muscreitfet cithésidi, 5c2 . Apart from these exx. cid is used irrespective of number of follg. noun or pronoun (see GOI 562 ): corrici cíth besti béoa, Thes. i 4.31 . ba apstal cidmoysi `Moses too was an apostle', Wb. 32d14 . ní comalnatsom cid feissne recht `even they themselves fulfil not the Law', 20c22 . amal dundgniat indfilid linni cid insin `even as the poets with us do', Ml. 26b10 . cid na hualcha gl. superba (loquentes), 31c22 . cidnanguide gl. etiam supplicationum (similitudine), 32c18 . cid ostú a Dé `even Thou, O God', 43a18 . cid inna hí ata beca, 62b10 . iscuse cidedon gl. et id actenus, Enchir. Aug. 72b ( ZCP vii 480 ). ceth anísiu `even this', Ériu ii 224.3 . ro thóraind gid tige in dúine sin, FDG² 30 .

Hence in isolated glosses on Lat. particles: cith gl. et, Wb. 22a5 (a prima manu). cid gl. et, Ml. 14a1 . gl. etiam, 24c2b ; Sg. 9a4 . gl. etsi, Ml. 23c4 . gl. iam, 15b2 . 48b14 . gl. quamlibet, 46c16 . gl. quamuís, 55c12 . gl. (iusti)que, 38d3 . gl. quidem, 14a15 . gl. quippe, 127a8a . gl. quoque, 101a13 . Sg. 16a2a , see Études Celt. xi 112 . gl. saltim, Ml. 86c7 . gl. uel, 99a1 .

With follg. prep. and noun: cid cossin nóin, Wb. 2a21 . ceith cenmathá integdais nucut `even besides yonder house', 33a4 . cid etir na cumcai, Ml. 18d24 . cid a techtugad tire, Laws iv 24.20 Comm. nī tibur-so in tinnscra sinee (leg. sin ?) cid ar Meidb Crūachan feissin, ZCP iv 39.9 = ní thibrind i tindscra cid Meidbi insin, TBFr. 185 . cid aire sin namá if only for that reason, Ériu ii 194 § 7 . cid īarna ētsecht `even after his death', BColm. 98.25 .

With adv. cid indemin `even assuredly', Wb. 9c18 . cid inbiucc, Sg. 39a25 . ceit co matain till morning, Mon. Tall. 152.6 .

With verb: cid átrebfea gl. et habitaturum, Ml. 36b14 . cid reminota .i. cid remínetarcnaigedar `that it even prenote', 18c12 . cithisse gl. et qui, Wb. 22a7 (a prima manu). Usually with clause introduced by conj.: cidamba cocuibsid, Ml. 32b21 . asber cid arind molatar inna nime fesin `he even tells the heavens themselves to praise Him', 145d4 . cidrisíu robǽ cland les, Wb. 29d23 . cid co tisad gáeth etorro ┐ talam even to the extent that, LU 8389 ( FB 26 ). is bec cid dia fesstar a chenél `his kin will be almost unknown', RC xxiv 176.5 . cid intan ná torsed F. chucu `even if Ph. should not return', Ériu iv 142.7 . níor fhás giodh acht cáora con not even (?), Bard. Synt. Tr. 30.38 .

With follg. itir: génnti na rochretset cid itir at all, RC xii 426 § 13 . is fodāig na mnā cid etir roferfaider si (sic) fāilti frit `that you get a welcome at all', ZCP v 501.30 . fri re naenuaire cidh itir `even', Ériu 22.31 . acht másu ḟerr cid etir do ḟlaithseo, LL 278b49 .

In more generalized meaning of as to, as regards, as for : ceth Máolruoin nipo calad `as for M. he was not stiff', Mon. Tall. 135.24 . cid aidchi lúoin ma dorona `as to Sunday night, he is to do so if he can', 132.28 . ceith dand erán ┐ den seildind imbe `both as to the bread and the "selann" of butter', 151.24 . is cid Nuadu Necht . . . / romarb Eterscél . . . / . . . is cid Fergus mac Róig, LL 6429 ff. cid cath Ailbe as for, LL 4127 ( RC xxiii 312 ). cid C. dana as regards, TFerbe 326 . In later lang. somet. very vaguely applied. Cf. atbath cidh araill dibh dfuacht, AFM iii 250.5 . ciodh iar ttriol `not long afterwards', 312.11 .

In later lang. somet. with supporting pron.: gidh é doighech na ndernann even the pang, IGT Decl. ex. 799 . cidh iad fiora F. tugadh éccendáil forra, AFM ii 1042.x . ┐ gidh esidhe ni tearna uadh, v 1484.x . Meic Mh. fós—gidh iad ann, TD 4.15 (see note).

With subj. impf. of copula: gembad gar even for a short time, Metr. Dinds. iv 52. 133 .

II With indic. (see GOI 561 . As a rule concessive in this use, but cf. Wb. 16b9 cited below).

(a) With inf. pron. (on the form of 3 s. m. n. see GOI 269 ): cinid arillset, Wb. 4c39 . ciasidroilliset `though they have deserved it', Ml. 77a15 . ni indráigne dúib cininfil lib it is no detriment to you that we are not with you, Wb. 16b9 . cenis pendid `though they do no penance', Mon. Tall. 135.13 .

(b) Where the sense does not require an inf. pron. a particle -(i)d- is infixed, if necessary by means of no- (see GOI 269 , 324 -5). cerudglanta tribathis, Wb. 4a6 . ciarud chualatar ilbélre et cenuslabratar, 12d28 . cinidfil chairi linn, Ml. 30a2 . cenidfetarsa andliged nisin, 55d21 . ciaridberam a céill `although we express their sense', Sg. 26b2 . cenod filchotarsnataith etarru, 29b17 . cenodfil, 192b5 . quanquam .i. cinud, 17a3 . cenit fregart mac ind righ, Blathm. 96 § 24 . méti cénid chocerta, LU 8899 ( FB 68 ). Note also (with subj.): cinidaccastar `though he be not seen', Wb. 26a12 (see note).

Somet. without infix in O. Ir.: ciasbiursa deus etc., Wb. 2b18 . cerubaid fopheccad `though ye were', 3b19 . ciadurat som digail forassaru, Ml. 94c17 . ciabatar degtacrae les `though he had good arguments', Tur. 81 . So regularly in later sources: cení frecmairc coibsina `though he does not ask for confessions', Mon. Tall. 135.15 . cé dogénsam ainmne, ACL iii 295 § 22 . gé ro sgoilt cuirr a chroidhe, Dán Dé xx 29 . gé 'tú, TD 25.42 . gé a-tád, DDána 3.32 . ge ro baoi, AFM v 1734.13 .

cían

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cían or dil.ie/9003
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: cén, cíana, cíana, chíana, ciana, cían, céin, céin, géin

Arch. cén ( Ériu ix 48 § 23 , xvi 146.7 below). The follg. may contain a by-form cíana: ed cíana , Harl. 5280, 42b (cited Meyer Contribb.), TTr.² 499 , hi tir chíana , Trip.² 1438 , if not attrib. gen. of the abstract cíana, q.v. Cf. also cu ciana , LL 13576 ( Irish Texts i 33.10 .).

I As adj. o, ā long, enduring; far, distant : c.¤ .i. fada, O'Cl. Attrib. of time: ho etartetarcur cián `at a long interval', Ml. 88d13 . sechmadachta ṅ-ocus ┐ c.¤ , Thes. ii 229.26 . fri ed cián for a long time, TBC-LL¹ 1846 . íar n-aimseraib cíanaib, Imr. Brain 17.12 . ra charusa in laech út uair chéin for a long time, TBC-LL¹ 4560 . loc dam-sa . . . co hūair chéin, ZCP viii 312.2 . tri rei ciana `for a long time', Ml. 90d14 . iar reib cianaib, Ériu xvi 36.5 . dolodar . . . filid . . . riab cianaib iarsna gnimaib-sea (`a little time'), Auraic. 149 = reib chianaiph, 2452 . roan . . . fri ré ciana = multis diebus, Lat. Lives 4.9 . bui iarum imale fri Fergus re ciana, Ériu xvi 37 § 1 . fria rē ciana, Grail 629 . bai cocad mor etarro fri re ciana iarsin, RC xxiv 186.9 . le headh gcian, Aithd. D. 52.5 .

Of place: i crīchaib cīanaib, ACL iii 224.20 . adclos ua na (fana v.l.) crichaib ciana comaidchi, TTebe 694 . écndairc cian ut ille gl. absenti, Sg. 138a2 . i cendachaib cianaib in domain, PH 5500 . tancatar a tirib ciana, 5497 .

Of persons: Colmān cian of yore, Corp. Gen. 126.2 . Conán máol coinntinneach c.¤ `wearisome (?)', Duan. F. ii 258 § 37 . Corpre comramach c.¤ (: fírian), LL 15741 . Nial c.¤ Caille `old', Arch. Hib. ii 61 § 42 .

Other applications: ce beo i tairisium chian, Airne F. 138 . gidh céim c.¤ , BS 120.15 . faghail chian distant, Magauran 4396 . in cú ch.¤ (: níad), LL 29333 .

Predic. with copula, usually long (of time): ni ba cián ṁbete oca cloinib, Ml. 28a10 . nipi c.¤ a masse in choirp lasting , Wb. 28c25 . ni ba cian mbias in pecthach, Ml. 56c22 . ni ba cián ṁbete and, 66d14 . is cián arfolmas dún in sin, Wb. 21a2 . as cian do rairngredh, Blathm. 127 . is cian bus cuman, TE 9 (Eg.). domun dīan / cia bether fair nī ba cīan, ZCP vii 498.5 . cian bhus bladh, Aithd. D. 21.36 . as cian ata an sean-fhocal, MR 286.21 . Of space: is c.¤ etarru `far', Ml. 119d10 . im fochróib bá c.¤ `whether at hand or afar', Sg. 151b2 . ré nách c.¤ , LU 1992 ( FA 6 ).

In phrases. is c.¤ co it is long till (freq. with neg. shortly, soon): niba ch.¤ (leg. c.¤ ? Edd.) cu forcenn á saiguil gl. instare tempus, Ml. 56d7 . níbí cian conid apail, 91d2 . mad c.¤ co tari a fobdhub if it is not immersed quickly (a spear), BDD² 1237 . nirbo chian co toracht C.C. in sligid cetna, LU 8530 ( FB 39 ). nir-bo chian do Chonchobor . . . co facca, CRR 11 . ní cian . . . co teccema frit-sa é, Grail 2665 . Note also: nir cian d'Ercuil . . . in tan nocunnuic in rí E. soon saw, Stair Erc. 463 .

is c.¤ ó it is long since, far from. Of time: is c.¤ ós accobor lemm far ríchtu I have long wished to come to you, Wb. 7a3 . is cian . . . o rot carus, Grail 2359 . robo cian o nach facca-som iad, 1550 . mairg nach cian ó dchualabhair, Content. xi 4 . cian ód cualadh, Keat. Poems 1357 .

Of place: ni cian huaib imbíat `not far from you where they are', Mon. Tall. 151.9 . ni c.¤ úait here he is, IT i 71.20 . is c.¤ uait . . . airm in-das-fil, TBC-LL¹ 884 .

In disjunctive phrases with gar: cid c.¤ cid gair gl. quanto tempore, Wb. 3c5 . cēn gair cech fān imthéit lēn `sooner or later every wanderer comes to grief', Ériu ix 48.23 . cian gar dom beith it ingnais `whether I be a long or short while away from thee', LL i p. xvi 11 . c.¤ garit co bráth, 307a8 ( SG 386.18 ). gēr c[h]ian gar, ML² 156 . As quasi-conjunction however long, as long as, while : cián gar ro batar for innuropair sin, TBC-LL¹ 2038 . cien goirit boi C. ig a díchur dhe, 2302 . co na baoí tesbhaidh neith . . . cian gairitt battar hisuidhe, AFM vi 2276. 11 . cid c.¤ gairit ro bás . . . atrochair . . . , Acall. 4736 . cian gar co toirset nóim ind until (?), 2673 (cid cian gairit no co tí, v.l.). See 1 gar.

With prep. LA: rochīan limsa anad fri sodain I am not prepared to wait that long, TBC-I¹ 375 = c.¤ lim-sa di shodain, TBC-LL¹ 881 . ba cian lasin righ boi an t-ara tall, BNnÉ 323 § 33 . cian lem . . . / tren tucc fa toirrsi m'aignedh it grieves me(?), 254.21 . fada ar saoghal d'éis na bhFian / ní cneasta ná badh cian linn if I did not find it tedious, Measgra D. 71.22 . cíen liom 's ní ar a ghrádh `I long for', Duan. F. ii 162 § 28 . Note also: is c.¤ dúni beith acot irnaidi, TBC-LL¹ 991 .

Adv.: in ch.¤ gl. diu, Ml. 38b4 . Cf. níbu in c.¤ (níbuncían, MS.) riam gl. non multo ante, 32b17 . ro clos cian son a garma `far', Thes. ii 312.16 (Hy. ii) glossed: fo Herinn. co c.¤ dar éis na haband `till long after', Metr. Dinds. iii 168.20 . co cíen `continuously', Ériu xix 10 § 5 . iar tochaithem a bethad dó . . . co cian i fhechtnaigi, PH 4296 .

II As subst. ā, f. (elliptical for ré c.¤ , Zimmer KZ xxx 26 - 27 ). a long time, period : triasna cíana cotaislia .i. trisin ré cian, LU 985 - 6 ( ACC 90 ). is cian mór ó 'tbaltsa, 9496 . baoi cian d'aimsir ag coimhmeasgadh flaithis na Rómha `a length of time', Keat. i 226.19 . mainistear . . . do bhí cádhasach cian d'aimsir, iii 1345 . In: re cian do bhliaghnuibh, Párl. na mB. 390 and re cian d'aimsir, Parrth. Anma 6000 re (see 1 ré) may be noun and cían adj. le cianaibh for ages, Hackett² 21.15 . Of distance: is c.¤ do thír már do muir / eturru is Imlech Ibair, ZCP viii 327.36 . In cheville: céin n-gle `temps glorieux', RC xvii 282 § 6 .

In a variety of adv. phrases. Without prep. (cach la céin) . . . in céin n-aili: cach la céin aisndís dia throgai in céin n-aili aisndis dind fortacht durat Dia do at one time . . . at another, Ml. 40b8 . in céin n-aili `at another time', Sg. 8a9 . in céin n-aili gl. nunc, Ml. 39d12 . Cuaird Comgi Michíl, Cuaird Comgi Muire a n-ainm laisim i cen n-ale (of Hymn to Michael and Hymn to Mary) `respectively', Mon. Tall. 137.20 . Note also: dī-cechlacēin is diultad, alaill is aidbliugud, Corm. Y 418 . nach céin (with neg. vb.) any long while: arna bether ocu nach cein, Mon. Tall. 164.17 (§ 89) . ní beind nach céin i ndamnad, KMMisc. 212.11 . See also 1 nach. Various: atat connarc cein `long ago', Blathm. 102 § 38 (if not céin = féin, cf. tá chéin, for M. Milscothach silence a while(?), BDD² 447 ). is cīan mór hūadh ō dac[h]ótar mo chíghi-si i ndīsca, Cáin Ad. 8 . cian mór uadh `long ago', CCath. 4067 . ro-haidnaiced is cian uad `long ago', PH 657 . do foillsighed dó c.¤ suil do thicfed long before he was due, BNnÉ 328.22 .

For céin mair (with céin used as preverb, GOI 241 ) see maraid. Note further: cein do mhair, Blathm. 207 and n. to 825 . canais moir, 34 , see n. to 133 . can mair in clercin `long life to the little cleric', Ériu v 236.74 . cēnmair Ulltaib, TBC-I¹ 3424 = bochin Ultu, TBC-LL¹ 5748 . bo chinmaír rissa ṅ-gebat, 5707 = cen mair, TBC St. 4709 . Cf. nī gcēinmair doraa an māin (.i. ní mogenar dochonnaic an eladha), ZCP v 488 § 7 (B. na f.). céin mair seems to have influenced céin móir in later language occasionally giving céin máir (see below).

With CO: co céin móir for a long time, LU 5230 ( TBC-I¹ 752 ).

With DI from of yore, long; from afar : ba di chein `from of yore', Blathm. 98 . do-arrchet di chéin no mbiad adrad dǽ la genti gl. sicut scriptum est, Wb. 6d8 . o Adam co dilind dein / in chet-aimser daib dichen, Lec. 30 vb10 . is do chéin gid so afar, TBC-LL¹ 4689 . can dodeachaig? . . . ní do chein, YBL 174a40 . boi . . . Petur i cómitecht Ísu do chéin, PH 3135 . do chéin mair anall, 7046 (see céin mair above). do ch.¤ nó do c[h]omhfhogus `from far or near', Duan. F. ii 62 § 12 . Also in pl.: robadar cethtri cridiscél liom-sæ de chianaib `I have long had four darling wishes', Mon. Tall. 136.20 . As quasi-adj.: sen-briathar do chéin `from of old', Celtica iv 10.41 . Tuatha De Danann dochein, Lec. 58a10 = BB 31a41 . ar ṡeirc ind óclaích . . . di chéin, LL 31153 ( TTr. 336 ).

With ÍAR: in chaingnímai aili is iar ceín rofinnatar after some time, Wb. 29a30 . iar cein, PH 1024 . iar cein shortly, Aisl. Tond. 105 § 3 . íar cēin móir, BColm. 70.18 . iar ccein máir iarsin, BNnÉ 90.24 (see céin mair above). iar ceín mair, BB 18a49 . iar sin iar cenmair, Ériu viii 174.33 . iar cen mair do Th. . . . co faca, Aisl. Tond. 106 § 5 . ier cēin mhāir `a long time ago', Fl. Earls 208.30 . Note also: cu-du-boing cein (.i. iar cein) comarba curu, Bürgschaft 21.4 (for féin ?).

With I N-. For variety of forms cf. rachad a ccéin ┐ a ccíana ┐ a ccíanuibh, Bard. Synt. Tr. 26.19 . indtan noteigdis i céin `when they went a long distance', Mon. Tall. 129.21 . taig drochcarad hi céin (proverbial saying), BDD² 58 . fer bis a cein, Anecd. i 15.1 ( SCano 501 ). dā ndeachaid Congal a ccéin, ZCP viii 109.1 . seisrech . . . a toigheacht a gcianaibh cuige, BNnÉ 186.26 . i gcéin 's i ngar, 51.14 . Note also: rolaus cian i cein / ardo charait i mbrón, LL 18615 . As quasi-adj.: créd agaibh aoidhigh a gcéin `from afar', Studies 1924, 241 § 1 . Rarely of time: ní tualaing ionchoisiod i ccéin i gcuimhne for long, Ériu xiii 29.11 . With ocus: imb i céin fa i n-accus beo-sa, Wb. 23b41 . i ceín ┐ i n-ocus, Thes. ii 356.20 (Hy. vii). cid i cein, cid a focus, Laws i 240.17 Comm.

With ó. ó chéin from of old, long ago : iarsindi ro-n-an hua céin di aisndis dun popul gl. tam longum `after he had ceased a while', Ml. 126b1 . F . . . . atbath ó céin, Trip.² 1513 `long ago', Trip. 133 . is mé ro baeglaiged ó chéin, LU 3921 ( SCC 44 ). Bretain o chéin rodochumdaigset the B. had built it long before, Anecd. iii 70.2 . ós é sin ó chéin ar nós `our ancient custom', Content. xxviii 71 . [Críst] roncuinnig ō chēin chain, ZCP iii 18.27 . o chein mair anall, PH 3422 . ó chíanaibh just now, lately, already: fotdāilfind a nilparttib ō chīanaib acht nīpad Fergus (C.C. to Etarcomal), TBC-I¹ 1198 . mac na trí curad at-rubart a (= ó) chíanaib, MU² 679 . ticbatis Herind o chianaib they would have reached Ireland a while ago, Snedg. u. Mac R 13.9 . leis an íairmbérla adubhart ó chíanuibh just now, IGT Introd. 30.18 . Used as quasi-adj. recent, just mentioned : int urchar o chianaib `the cast just now', TTebe 2087 . is don drochgaidhilg o c[h]ianaibh é above mentioned(?), IGT Metr. Faults287 § 130 . gach re cuidechta a cianaib every other company mentioned, BCC 384.21 .

As n. pr. m. tochomladh Céin a Caisil, Anecd. ii 46.18 . See also Corp. Gen.

III As conjunction

(a) (in) céin (later also i céin , géin ), céine (for) as long as, since, when . Folld. by nasalizing rel. clause in O. Ir. (see GOI 553 ) and in later language also with follg. rel. clause (see Duan. F. iii 44 n.l . ). cein mbith oc ic, Blathm. 39 . cein ba dibh amhatair `since His mother was of them', 103 . ceín rongabus i carcair `so long as I am in prison', Wb. 23b18 . cene ṁ bether in hac uita , Ml. 107d8 . cene conmesarsa olseseom ┐ céne connoither mo thimnasa `as long as I shall give rules . . . and as long as my injunctions are observed', Mon. Tall. 129.29 . cen bai Cormac beo, Ériu xvi 84.101 . céne (cean a, MS.) forcomédaidh fírinni, 65.21 . céin mbete i llucc irnaigdi / céne mbess coic fíal findbalc, iii 104 § 34 . i céin ra búi seom aice-sain, TBC-LL¹ 2956 = an ccein, TBC St. 2564 . hi céin bae Issau ic triall dont ṡeilcg, Celtica iv 8.20 . in cen bes coir dib, Laws i 136.10 Comm. i céin raibh nemh is talamh while heaven and earth last, BNnÉ 314 § 8 . in cein do bas arin cuirt `while this assembly was in session', Ann. Conn. 1228.5 . in gein ronbuí 'na bethaidh, Duan. F. i 55.8 (`a pseudo-archaism', iii 44). géin bhus beo, Content. ii 42 . ? Cf. cen bad buidech, Metr. Dinds. iii 192.35 (leg. céin, Corrig.).

(b) céin co until: cein conid ris `till I reach him', Blathm. 102 § 42 . an frim céin córda sille, LU 3807 ( SCC 37 ). céin co tí . . . don chath, 5872 ( TBC-I¹ 1403 ).? ní béra demon díb nech / cen corop (leg. cor'p) óg nó aithrigech `while they are perfect', BColm. 52.7 . céin co n-ebar in fín nua imalle frib (words of Christ at Last Supper), PH 2995 . céin go dtarrastair .i. no go dtarla, O'Cl. gen gar muig rempu till they won the victory, BNnÉ 310.12 . Exceptionally with art.: in céin co roiscc in ceilebrad, Grail 1790 , ? Cf. cen co tola, Fing. R. 181 (see n.).

COMPDS. With nouns: iar ccianaois, AFM ii 640.12 . cienaimser ria n-a thōgbāil, Fl. Earls 110.15 . a chisde na gcianbhann lúidh (to a prince), DDána 79.27 `O thou who art skilled in the old valour feats', Ir. Monthly 1921, 247 . ? Colla Uais uas chianbla chain, LL 15753 . tochombaig Ciannacht cianbruige, Laws iv 8.17 `C. has recovered distant lands', Celtica vi 227.5 . i cind chían-chóicthigis, TBC-LL¹ 2050 (as two words LL 9331 and so also at 22815 ). ní ro chumaingsiot a chianchosnamh fris in lion sloigh, AFM vi 2026.9 . bud fata bas chianchuman, LL 7822 ( TBC-LL¹ 294 ). co crich cinnte . . . cein-eisergi caich, MR 264.5 . a gcáoile ┐ a ccíaneitche, Ériu v 80.12 . hí cíanfoccus at some little distance, BDD² 626 . dála . . . catha chianfhoghla, DDána 83.8 . clogat . . . cianḟulaing, MR xiv 21 . ar gcabhra i gciainimneadh, Aithd. D. 76.8 . cichsot cēnmuir `shall advance to the distant sea', Ériu xvi 146.7 .

With adjj.: isin set cianfotta, BB 240b15 . tellach dá dechmad / cíanramar `long and solid(?)', Celtica vi 221. 11 ( Laws iv 4.18 ) = cennramar, O'Curry 846 ( H 3.18, 384b ). With adjj. derived from nouns: seanoir cianaosda, MR 42.6 . sein leabar cianáosta, Gorm. p. xviii . a chloidhiomh . . . cianainignech destroying far and wide, MR xiv 24 . clanna cianairgnecha Cuirc, Caithr. CC 81 . do Macc cían clothach `far-renowned', BDD 157 . rosc corrglas cianradarcach, BB 427a36 . níor bhó cianṡaoghlach somh iar ngairm tighearna de, AFM vi 1996.9 . do bhuidhin chuirthe ciainsiublaigh, AFM vi 2318.7 . deaghmhac cian-teasdach Conchubhair far-famed, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 177.w . an chloch cian tuinigte `enormous', AFM vi 2012.11 . ben bhocht chumhthach chíantuirseach, Ériu v 80.5 .

cingit

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cingit or dil.ie/9134

 

Forms: Cinnit

n [ī, f.] cup, goblet : com choimtibh ┐ cingitib ┐ com cearnaib `my vats and goblets and with my dishes' (in list of household property), RC x 84.8 . techta cingite, Laws v 418.13 . genmotha easgra ┐ cingidi, 408.y Comm. mesce tre ol cormae no chingiti medae `tipsiness through drinking beer or a goblet of mead', Mon. Tall. 40 . c.¤ chorma, Rule of Tallaght 66 § 9 . c.¤ di as maith a jugful of good milk, Ériu vii 140.14 . deifir eitir eascara ┐ c.¤ .i. cos gairit asin escra ┐ cos fada asin c.¤ , O'D. 1203 (H.2.15, 81b). c.¤ .i. cuingit .i. comthrom a coss ┐ a cend, Corm. Y 274 . nī ba moo som oldāss cend cingite mōir[e] (of a cauldron), 141 . Of measure: an tomhas da ngoirthi cingid, Rule of Tallaght 22 § 38 . Also spoon, ladle : is c.¤ an liach dia lessaigther in laec[h]biad, O'Mulc. 768 . cingid [no] liach iaraind, Dinds. 147 ( RC xvi 160 ).

In n.loc.. oc C.¤ Fercon, LU 6703 = Cinnit, TBC-LL¹ 2914 . ? In n.pr. Liag Cíar C.¤ chonasach, LL 3482 .

? comainmne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? comainmne or dil.ie/10621

 

n coibne .i. comainm, ut est co fordailter a coibne techta .i. co firdailter an ro c.¤ (comainmni, v.l.) do réir dligid, O'Dav. 496 (Stokes emends to comainmnig `what he has nominated'). gairit lem (? leg. léimm) mo comhainmne, Anecd. ii 23 § 2 .

comgairit

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comgairit or dil.ie/11261

 

n ( gairit ): an ccom[airet] (comhgairid, v.l.) boi ac ibe while he was drinking, TBC-LL¹ 6186 .

commairge

Cite this: eDIL s.v. commairge or dil.ie/11492
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: combairge, coimirc

n [], f. Also -c(h)e (see ZCP ix 342 - 3 ) and coi-, cu(i)-. n s. combairge, ZCP iii 240.6 . d s. coimirc, Párl. na mB. 4033 . cumairce comairce cumairchi comairchi cumairgi comairgi (c.¤ cáol leis íad, v.l.) f., IGT Decl. § 3 (44.15) . comairci, -che, -ghe, cum-, Verbs § 83 . cumraidhe, Celtica xi 211 = comairghe, BCC 30.19 .

(a) protection, security, refuge; sanctuary: act of protecting , etc. (see Críth G. pp. 106 - 7 ): commairce .i. comhmarcaigheachd, O'Cl. fáosamh .i. com[ha]irce, Eg. Gl. 647 . rāith c.¤ `surety of protection', PRIA xxxvi 308.19 ( Laws iv 340.20 , ZCP xii 366.1 ). for foísam ríg na ndúle / comairche nachanbéra (leg. -méra, Edd.) `a protection which will not betray us', Thes. ii 306.5 . lubair cretra c.¤ , LL 3921 `protection', Ériu viii 71.20 . comairce na ngrádh flatha so sís. cúic laithe comraite (leg. c.¤?) an airech desa; sé la comraite (leg. c.¤?) an aire tuisi; deich lá comraite (leg. c.¤?) an aire áird etc., O'D. 845 ( H 3.17, 602 ). comairche in aired bes a caithemh ambaile ┐ faesam dana iar fagbáil in baile, O'Curry 1386 ( H 3.18, 630a ) (cf. Laws ii 20 n. 4 ). cen ḟáosam, cen chomairche ina tíre, TTr.² 246 . bá túalaing a chomairgi in fer sin, LU 7778 = cumairce, BDD² 1323 . batir comarchi forro a n-airm, LU 3237 ( SCC 2 ). ba do comaircib na haimsire sin na hairm `the safeguards', RC xii 106 § 162 . Cf. section (c) below. tuc curu ┐ commairgeda ria nachas rinfed etc., LL 31131 ( TTr. 314 ). Easgob Ibair is Ailbhi / do c[h]rādh ima comairghi `sanctuary', Ériu xviii 60 § 13 . sochraid cach comairci, ACL iii 229.102 = ZCP xvii 61 § 24 . do ch.¤ a meic to protect his son(?), LL 2314 . do sharugud a comairgi, RC xxvi 134.12 . bid hi in chomairchi glan grinn, Fen. 108.9 . do fhagaibh se coimerghe ag mindaib . . . C.C. `enjoined safeguard', BCC 74.7 . tech ōiged la comairghi, ZCP vii 298.4 . comairche cotchend ┐ termonn, Ann. Conn. 1235.16 . dul tar ceart dár gcomairghe `the injustice involved in saving me', PBocht 17.19 . a n-onoir . . . na comairghe ordeochas se do beith ag an ferand so, BCC 30.20 . ceann comuirghe `chief protector', O'Hara 1768 . séana croinn na comairche (:aithne) (of tree of life?), DDána 6.8 . roba gairit in caill comarchi uathib iat they could afford them little protection from them (their pursuers)(?), Cog. 176.23 . coill chumairghe (of a family), IGT Decl. ex. 189 . sgíath comairghe (:connailbhe) (of a chief), Studies 1919, 74 § 15 . maithmhighe ar gcinn choimirce (: reimpe) (of Michael), DDána 11.36 .

(b) With various verbs and prepp.: do-berat comairgi di they give her protection, Heroic Biography of Cormac mac Airt 121.73 . ro gabais chommairchi you have sought protection, Fing. R. 51 . an tí ro gab ar chomairce a gualann, O'Curry 2626 ( Eg. 88, 53(54)c ). ro gab a commairgi fort in bairgen `has got its protection against thee', Ériu i 134.8 . gabh mo chomairce, a chuirp Íosa, A. Ó Dálaigh xvii 1 . do chuaidh ar a choimeirce, IT ii2 144.562 . dochuadur fein ar cumraighi Ronáin, KMMisc. 313.3 . tú ar a ccomairghe cuireim I place thee under their protection, Studies 1919, 440 § 13 . B. do marbhadh ar a comairce `while under his protection', Laws i 66.x Comm. iar marbad mac nUsnig fora ḟaísam ┐ fora chommairgi `in despite of his guarantee and surety', TBC-LL² 363 . fort comairge damh `under thy protection may I be', Ériu xix 14 § 11 . fora ccomairccibh, AFM ii 1074.13 . arna ndiúlthadh fa chumairce an tsagairt sin safe passage (`release'), Ériu v 92.20 . dar comhairge na bachla Iósa `in violation of', AFM ii 988.11 . maith [mo] choimirce ar cóir nDé protection against, A. Ó Dálaigh xxiv 1 .

(c) Of persons affording protection sureties, guarantors, protectors (us. in pl.): ? [í]ar lín a chomairce ┐ a charat, Críth G. 366 . ? na huile daine do cuir in ri amach din cumairce, O'Curry 1062 ( H 3.18, 439a ). rogabsat a c.¤ `took to them sureties', Metr. Dinds. iii 272.36 . tiagat c.¤ friu, IT i 75.9 ( LMU 13 ). ar ba duna comaircib bai fri maccaib Uisnech Cormac, BB 250b15 . na comairgi `protectors', RC xxvi 134.13 . go madh fiadhnach lasna comairgibh a chion `evident to the sureties', AFM ii 1072.12 . Note also: tainic in comharba ar toradh a retha a ndiaigh na comairge `the protected cattle', ZCP x 18. 26 v.l.

con-úala

Cite this: eDIL s.v. con-úala or dil.ie/12385

 

v (* com-uss-lu-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 572 ; see Meyer, Wortk. 183 ; Shaw, Studies 1962, 260-2 ). Intrans. ascends, goes up : conrúalae / co C., Fél. Nov. 21 . for nem a conrūalae `what has gone to heaven', Ep. 25 . conrúalai co aingliu, July 12 = conruale .i. ro ela, O'Dav. 450 . intan conhúalai P., Thes. ii 320.7 . in tan conruloi a curp, LU 2248 (FA). co Caiscc Choimded con-úalai (con-uali, -ualla, -uaille v.ll.) `who ascended', Ériu iii 102 § 31 . don debaid con rúali `to the contest he journeyed', Arch. Hib. ii 55 § 17 = AFM i 508.11 .

Trans. cia conualaindse mo charpat, TBC-I¹ 3524 = condrualaindsea . . . a charpat `mount', TBC-LL² 4673 . ix ngaetha conidnualat asa suan `arouse(?) it', Ériu ii 112 § 33 . inṁbreis / conrúala insluag, SR 5970 `the noise that the host raised(?)', VSR 60 . in crábud gairit . . . / is demon conidrúalae (conidruala, v.l.), Ériu i 194.2 . trínóit hi seilbh / siächt cobluth caoin conúalath, ZCP viii 197.17 . deilm conualai tuaith, Laws ii 122.5 Comm.

? ruhic huili crist cumachtach conhuala arruala ronmora m̄c dé, IT iii 51.x .

crocc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. crocc or dil.ie/13035

 

adj expld. as short : croicend .i. croc find .i. find gairit , Corm. 10 = croc-find .i. gairit a find, unde dicitur bō c.¤ .i. adarca gairdi fuirri, Corm. Y 242 . crocinn .i. crocfinn .i. finna gerr .i. finna in samgemen in sin, H 3.18, 67c18 = Phil. Soc. Trans. 1859, 179 .

cúasal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cúasal or dil.ie/13374

 

Forms: cúsal

n also cúsal = cúas.

(a) hollow, cavity : a cuasallaib a cinn, LL 409b8 = i cúsalaib . . . `cavities', MR 232.10 . a cusalaib talman, Acall. 3514 v.l. (a ccuasaib bruach, text). a cusalaibh dubaib doimnib (of hell), YBL 162b37 . i clúsalaibh (cusalaibh, v.l.) doimhnibh in mhara, BNnÉ 98 § 8 . a cusalaib a sciath hollow or concave sides, Acall. 3014 v.l.

(b) cell; prison : co cend teora bliadna a cusail ┐ a carcair, 23 O 48 i, 27b (Lib. Flav. Fergusiorum) .

(c) Of container (?) used in women's work, basket ? (cf. Celtica i 299 where cusal is taken as = casal): im crandbolg, im rinde, im chusail `hoops', Laws i 150.10 .i. gairit, .i. cruind rigind .i. crandoga beca no bith aca anallót im an abras, 152.23 Comm. cusal .i. rinde, O'Mulc. 280 . causal .i. rinde, O'Curry 9 ( H 3.18, 66a ). rinde .i. cruind. causail .i. rainde fota son, 794 ( H 3.18, 370a ).

de-chubaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. de-chubaid or dil.ie/14950

 

Forms: deachubhaidh, deagh-chubhaidh

i.

I Adj.: recne dechubaid. P. O'C. 's deachubhaidh ` meet, proper, moderate, reasonable ' is for deagh-chubhaidh.

II Subst.: d.¤ fota and d.¤ gairit metres prescribed for the 7th or lowest rank of the active bards. Treated as a neuter: dechubaid ngarit, IT iii 17. 8 . decubaid ng., ib. 18 § 51 , both from H 2. 12 . As a fem.: dechubhaidh ḟota, iii 17 n. ad § 43 (BB). decubaid ḟota, ib. 46 § 72 , Laud 610.—Further instances: dechubaid fota, iii 17. 7 ; 18 § 50 (H 2. 12). dechubhaid gairit , 17 n. ad § 43 (BB); 46 § 73 (BB. Laud). decubaid fota , 46 n. ad § 72 (BB). All n s.—Occasionally confused with dechnad fota and gairit , iii 18 § 50 , §51 . MacCarthy p. 130 g , h .—Cf. cubaid.

do-ecra

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-ecra or dil.ie/17526

 

Forms: tecraid, tecar

Orig. prob. simple verb tecraid based on tecar (*to-in-cor). Deut. forms may be back-formations from this. Vn. tecar. See also tinchor.

Arranges, disposes, arrays, collects, assembles: do-d-eccrai os betha bann | srethaib ilretha rétlann arrays (the celestial Hierarchy) in ranks of stars circling with varied speed, SR 717 . do heccra[d] in tech do ór ┐ do argad, RC xvi 41 ( Dinds. 91 ). ratecrad ┐ ratimsaiged trelam in tromlestair (of ship Argo) was collected together, LL 218b29 ( TTr. 122 ). ratheccraisetar Troianni . . . cach óén ra-esróided díb sechnón na hAssia brought together, marshalled, mustered, 227a9 (725). ruire echtach . . . immo tteccraitís mór-sluaigh, AFM 899 (`round whom great hosts arrayed themselves', Bruchst. § 117 , but possibly whom great hosts used to protect, from imm-tecrathar). teagrais C. ceithre catha marshalled four battalions, Content. ii 6 . tegrad 'san Almainn(e) . . . congháir churadh in A. was assembled a concourse of warriors, Duan. F. i 70 . ise tall rostecair | loc[h]ta imda airchetail which has collected, Auraic. 2189 (= rosteacal, Lec. 328a27 ). már ngal, már ngris, már ngaes, már n-indtech n-écomlainn doraecar baes great conflicts . . . hath folly brought about (?), SG 321 . refed derg-óir dil . . . | 'n-a reib ragloin ecros ornn | tecros anmain a h-ifrinn (leg. hifurnn) the chain of gold . . . which gets the soul out of hell (of the Beatitudes), Lec. 347a19 . is gairit dobadais a cur amugu in chisti móir do theacrais the treasure thou didst acquire, YBL 152b20 . tri treba don leith andes . . . is a trí tecrais cech mbuaid | frisin n-eclais a fir-thuaid (of arrangement of tribes round the Tabernacle), SR 4439 . lanamnus comtincuir .i. lanamain is cutrama aca tecartar tír ┐ indile who acquire equal land and cattle, Laws ii 358 Comm. (`in whose case an equal amount of stock and land is contributed', Plummer MS. notes. Cf. ? do-inecra, tinchor). ? blai dúnaid la tuatha techtai tecraiter, LL 293b31 , cf. ZCP xi 83 . ? tecor folad mbritheman .i. da tecarthar ni da folaid cruid on breithemain `if any part of his wealth . . . be kept from the Brehon', Laws i 234 Comm.

doéscair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. doéscair or dil.ie/17585

 

Forms: dáiscuir, daiscuir, doescair, doiscairem

adj i

(a) n buffoon, jester; adj jesting, jeering, flippant: dáiscuir gl. scurra, parasitus, Sg. 56b2 . ic athḟescain na . . . delbi doescairi druidechta, TBC-LL¹ 2748 . nā rup oirfited lind fégad furseori ┐ dáine doescaire (= praeconum aspectibus), PH 6873 . nā roluaidemm . . . briathra doescaire (= scurrilia), 6880 .

(b) common, mean, vulgar: daiscuir gl. uulgari (conuersatione), Ml. 37b5 . ní ba roescaid ar ná ba dáiscuir (doescair, v.l.) do not demean yourself by too much bustling, Tec. Corm. § 19 (p. 38) . is doescair cach can etach n-imbe a man has no self-respect without his clothes, O'Mulc. 462 . cranna doiscairi common trees (= ligna vilia), Ml. 92d6 . gebē bēss fora n-iarair | eter daescair is diamair, | is eol dam cen tíme tra | anmanna binne in berla both exoteric and esoteric, Lec. 55b22 . Common epithet of devils: doescair (of Satan), SR 948 . demun doescair, FA 30 (LB). Superl. inneuch as doiscairem hi tír Israhel, Ml. 105b7 .

Compds. ¤duine common person, one of the rabble: cenmotat . . . drubhar-sluaigh ┐ daescar-daoine, Leb. Gab.(i) 78 . da drabarsluag ┐ da dæscor-dainib, YBL 105a29 . ¤ṡlúag the common herd, rabble: hua doiscarslog gl. uulgaribus, Ml. 90c10 . nábad ardd a chongbál i talam, ┐ robad ádba daíscarsluaig, Trip.² 2399 . nárbhat dian re daescarṡluagh, Acall. 587 . dáescarsluag díc[h]oimsech an domain déin, ZCP viii 208 . buidre fri daéscarṡlúag turning a deaf ear to the rabble, Tec. Corm. § 3 (p. 10) . ní bhí dúithche san mbioth gan daosgarshluagh, Keat. 1 56 . berthar a fir maithi ina dún co hE. ┐ biathtar a ndaescursluag a ndūntaib seachtair, Lec. 409a25 . conid de garar feil Moing[finne] frisin Samain icon dæscursluagh Samain is vulgarly termed the feast of M., BB 264a7 . in spasmus . . . is de gairit an daoscarsluag crupan, 24 B 3, 125.36 . Of an army, common soldiers, the rank and file; camp-followers, sutlers: issé lín ar ndúnaid cenmothá ar ndaescorslúag ┐ ar mná, TBC-I¹ 189 (LU). cia lín dorochair and do daiscorslog, 2003 (LU). a ndirmanda diana daescur[sh]luaig ┐ a ṅgeraiti gaiscid, TTebe 2802 . triochad laoch i ngach luing gan áireamh a mban ná a ndaoscarshluagh, Keat. ii 1241 . Esp. of host of devils: iffrind cona dǽscorṡluagh, FA 3 (LU = doescursluag, LB). diabul cona doescarsluag, PH 8225 ; 6169 , 8143 . an diabhal ┐ a dhaosgar-ṡluagh, TSh. 1455 . daosgar-ṡluagh deamhan, 1974 . Lucifer co n-a daosgors[h]logh demnaidhe, Fl. Earls 156 . tresna daescurshluagaib disciri . . . deamnacda (in Hell), TTebe 190 .

escra

Cite this: eDIL s.v. escra or dil.ie/20480
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: esgra, t-escrai, escrai, escra, esgradh

n m. esgra, IGT, Decl. § 2 . a vessel for dispensing water, wine, or other liquids (apparently intermediate in size between a large jar and a drinking cup, but small enough to serve as the latter occasionally): escra .i. core mbis ag dail usci, Corm. Y 565 . escra tomais fīna, 539 . escræ .i. ab æs ┐ ærea .i. uma-dailem, 569 . escræ o ess ┐ ære, O'Mulc. 427 . escra .i. soithech, ┐ deifir eitir eascra ┐ cingit .i. cos gairit asin escra ┐ cos fada asin cingit, ZCP xvii 267.20 . escre ł sciathrach gl. scutras, Études Celt. xxii 211 § 35 . quoddam argenteum vasculum unde potentibus personibus potus hauriri soleat quod hybernica lingua vocatur escra, Acta Sanct. 172 . bó bainne domite a bleoghan a n-escrad da orlach dec, Laws ii 176.17 Comm. dorochair a escra féig finn-argait al-láim in daleman isin dabaig, TFerbe 198 . in t-escra, BColm. 52.29 . cilarn umha a laim dhi, eascra arguit isin laimh eli a pitcher...a goblet RC xiv 46.20 . dabach aircid...escrai oir fora ur, copan di ór for a beolai, MS. Mat. 619.8 (= ZCP iii 459.23 . escra ...airideog, xiii 373.6 ). in t-escrai orda, 619.25 (= ZCP iii 460.17 ). co ngeibed in n-escra, co ndaled isna curnu RC viii 150.15 . adbert Ioseph...escra in airdrigh do thobairt i mesc sacraigi na Candanda, YBL 64b16 = escrai nargait, 287b20 . esccra nargait, LB 116b10 = scyphum... argenteum Gen. xliv 2 . g s. ind escrai-se, SR 3584 . don fleisg bís re beal in escra, O'Dav. 884 . flaithemh oen-escra (a designation of rank), Laws iv 344.4 . cos escrae the shank of a goblet (fig.) O'Mulc. 464 . a c[h]os escra, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 71.3 = Bruchst. § 73 . cos escradh, O'Gr. Cat. 91.6 . abartach escrai (a kind of dispenser), Triads 231 . pl. escra, Laws iv 322.2 . Marco P. 72 . na miasa ┐ na hescradha, 52 . esgradh, TFrag. 8.11 . eirgidh foireann...cosna tunnaibh ┐ eascrada dimhora do dergor léo...┐ linaid cuach nó cupa asna heascraibh sin... do gach aon, Marco P. 79 . rogabad fledol...leo a cornaib ilbreca ecoir ┐ a hescraib forórdaib, YBL 329b31 = TMoméra 160 . d'easgraibh óir, TD 25 § 19 . g p. ced eascra n-airgit fri dail leanna, MR 56.23 = FDG 474 .

etarnaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. etarnaid or dil.ie/20732

 

Forms: hetarnaide, etarnaidi, etarnad, etarnade, etarna

n f. g s. na hetarnaide , PH 7052 . n p. etarnaidi, Hy vii Pref ., a p. etarnad, TTr.² 1595 . g p. etarnade Hy vii Pref . a lying in wait; an ambushing party, ambuscade : (a) eadarnaidh .i. cealg, O'Cl. rosuidig-som etarnaid cech belaig...ar chiunn P. dia mharbad, Trip. 46.24 . ar imgabail na hetarnaide rohindlit ar a cind, PH 7052 . co ro indled etarnada for A., TTr.² 1595 . intan dorata na etarnaidi ara chinn, Hy vii Pref . ro cuirset...etarnaidhe uaidibh for cind an chlérigh, Moling 52 . ro bhátar forairedha ┐ etarnaidhe ó na Gallaib...in gach séd ┐ in gach slighidh, Hugh Roe² 14 y (f. 8b) . edarnaigh inchleithe do ḟágbail for an cconair i n-oirchill na n-ócc, AFM v 1758.2 . Fig.: mōr n-uathbas, mōr n-eadarnaid...fuair F., BB 399a38 = etarna, Metr. Dinds. iv 90.5 . eadarnaidh d'ainglibh nimhe | ar bhar gcionn do-chífidhe | dar libh is grian... niamh gach fhir don eadarnaidh, Dán Dé xxv 31 . eadarnaidh is í anshuairc | sluagh...diabhlaidhe in bhar ndáil xxv 23 . i n-e.¤ ar waiting in ambush for: robátar i n-etarnid arna cleirchib, Hy vii Pref . (b) isin inad i raibi in edarnaidhi oc Tuirn where T. had the ambuscade Aen. 2881 . fagbaidh int inudh i raibi ina eadarnaidhi (-naighi MS.) 2879 . robadur a n-edurnaighi ar cinn Gyi a mbealach cumang, ZCP vi 35.26 . cian gairit baoi-siumh isin edarnaidhe hisin in this ambush AFM vi 2162.1 . ro ba torbha an edarnaighe ísin, 1950.22 . ba headarnaidhi irghaili ro saigheadh...co réidh, MR 302.20 .

feidm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. feidm or dil.ie/21472

 

Forms: ḟedma, fedmuim, fedman, fedmand, fedma, fedmand, feidhm, feadhma, fedhmanna, ḟedhma, fedmanda

n n, n. later m. n s. féidm n -úag, SR 6837 . g s. ind ḟedma TBC-LL¹ 2967 . d s. fedmuim, Laws v 488.35 Comm. n p. fedman AU 821 . fedmand, LU 10816 (M). a p. fedma, LL 216a31 . g p. fedmand, LL 146a5 . feidhm, m. g s. n p. feadhma, IGT, Decl. § 41 . pl. also fedhmanna (canamain) ib. ex. 1134 . 1143 . The primary meaning seems to be load, stress, strain, passing into the senses of utmost effort, effort, exertion; burden, service, function . The transition may be illustrated by such an example as: buí f.¤ cuinge sesrige ina samthaig there was the load of a plough-team in its handle = it would take a plough-team to move ... LU 9191 ( FB 91 ). carraig ... a roibi f.¤ seisrigi do tharraing, TTebe 942 . Cf. fri ētnu dam bátár fedmand la firu Herend cosin n-aidchi sin. co n-aicces la lucht in tsíde fora formnaib. dogníth samlaid la E. ... is aice toísech tucad cuing for muinélaib dam, LU 10816 . is leis doradadh cuing for muinélaibh damh ar tús, ar is fria n-édnu na ndamh do bhíth a feidm gó sin, Cóir Anm. 103 . dam ro boí fon feidm, LB 60by . a n-ingeilt fo fedmu[i]m (of oxen) grazing while at work, under the yoke Laws iii 266.23 . .x. damu dagfedma ten oxen able for a heavy load (?) Ériu ii 4.7 . ba he feidm toisech doriacht an eclais a fh.¤ his (ox-drawn) load (of timber) was the first to reach the church Lism. L. 2558 . co ructha graige ┐ eti ┐ fedman iarmaib so that steeds and flocks and loads could be brought along them (of frozen streams and lakes) AU 821 . [doghniat] fedmunna ramhōra do thinol ... cu nach lugha inās in cnoc ... in dumha chonnaid fil aca they are gathering together great loads (of firewood) RC xliii 106.13 .

(a) strain, stress, effort, exertion, undertaking: f.¤ as mo, | comrac re Coin Culainn, TBC-LL¹ 3117 St. adfét scéla in mórfedma atconnairc enterprise (i.e. labor of constructing a causeway) LU 10826 . fri deiscin ind feadma dobertatar do dénam an tochair `the effort they put forth' Ériu xii 178.7 . Cf. TBC-LL¹ 758 St cited under feirtche. bíd féidm ferrda ocaib be of good courage PH 6504 . tresim fedma strongest of effort Auraic. 5556 . fedmanna ós niurt `exertions beyond one's strength' Tec. Corm. § 21 . da mbe in corp athach san uaig | a dhēchsain (sic leg.) is f.¤ firchruaid, ACL iii 239 § 27 . beg a f.¤ da degbois De | deilb dā tegdais small the effort for God's hand (?) 236 § 8 . ba f.¤ adbal d'oeinfer ... triall cosnama na cruinne, CCath. 4740 . tucsat f.¤ ferrda cacha fir furri cor chuirset assa tuinide in tromchloch, Acall. 2810 . tucsat a lāma ... chum na cloiche da tarraing ... ┐ ni raibe tarba issin trenfeidm ór nir ḟētsat a becc di, 2754 . briathra forránta, f.¤ tim `violent verbiage followed by feeble effort' O'Gr. Cat. 556.17 . dol re [a] gcosg ... fa feidhm ós cionn a bhfuluing, Content., xviii 71 . Folld. by qualifying subj. gen.: f.¤ cēt and do nirt he has the strength of a hundred TBC-LL¹ 1006 (= atā nert cēd ann, St). gegnaid banb ... ┐ nusberaid leo dia fuini ┐ a ḟ.¤ uili ann it was as much as they all could do = it took the whole of them (to carry it) ICM xiii Harl.

(b) work, service, duty, function (cf. d): ro forcongair ... for dam n-allaid ... in f.¤ sin do denam `ordered a stag to do that work' (i.e. to take the place of an ox at the plough) Fél. 72.28 . imāin na ndam dochom a fedhma dlighthi[gh] budein .i. a n-oibre, Laws v 136.15 Comm. ni f.¤ flatha nā fīrlaich duitsi aiscc feicheamnais do thabhairt ... `it is not the act of a prince in thee' MR 284.15 . na grāda do c[h]othugud | is f.¤ uasal mor aonfir, ZCP x 45. 4 . atá f.¤ ar leith ac cach aenḟer acaind a separate function Acall. 5460 . cret t'ḟeidm-si what is thy service ? 5465 . drong ... ic na bia f.¤ aili san cath acht a ngaire catha do tabairt, CCath. 5514 . bídh a ḟis ac [gach] aenduine díb cred is f.¤ dó, Maund. 202 . gach fear ag freagra a fheadhma, GF, Ir. Monthly 1919, 106 . no geibhdis betha gan f.¤ ndaonda leó acht ernaigthe ... BNnÉ 320.22 . gan feidhm ndaor ar mhnaoi servile occupation Content. v 77 . do rinneas ... feidhm díbh I have done you a service xxix 4 . déanaidh feidhm don Tighearna = servite Domino TSh. 6767 . is é feidhm do-níodh an coileach dó, iarmhéirghe ... do choimhéad, Keat. iii 1120 . gurab contrárdha na feadhma iarras Dia ar na daoinibh ┐ an feidm iarras an saoghal (comm. on non potestis Deo servire et Mammonae) TSh. 9881 . do fedhmaim anmcharat function (obligations) of a confessor YBL 408a marg. sup. fer fedma steward (?): Finn .h. C., fer fedma ┐ ferannuis moir do righ Connacht ` agent ' ALC 1223 (p. 266z) .aes, lucht fedma soldiery; servitors, attendants: dochuir a glaslaith ┐ a aes fedma ... d'argain Aeda g., SG 66.28 . IT ii2 135. 325 . Oss. iii 162.7 . lucht fedhma an dunaigh, L. Chl. S. 11 . Folld. by defining gen.: denasa f.¤ gabunn act as smith Lism. L. 3783 . f.¤ a ngreagh uatha orra | longa lūatha ... on the swift ships they impose the function of their steeds (?) IGT, Decl. ex. 2140 . feidhm na gcogthach re cois long, | feidhm teanchaire i dtigh ghabhonn | ... tarla oraibh `god airdrígh, TD 19.16 . do bhamur ... a bhfeidhm ollamh in the capacity of ollaves KMMisc. 56 § 5 . ní fili ... | hí f.¤ eoluis ilcrothaigh in the practice of various kinds of knowledge ZCP iv 237. 11 = Leb. Cert. 236 . ni faict[h]e ise fri f.¤ a lēiginn ┐ a grēsa, ACL iii 308 , VI 12 . f.¤ n-eclastacda, YBL 166b5 . i bfeidhm na súiste `wielding the flail' O'Gr. Cat. 532.7 .

(c) of a warlike effort or strain (often in broad sense of attack, onset, defence, etc.): cach f.¤ catha ┐ comlaind ... dingebatsa díb uile sin, Acall. 5462 (corresp. to: eigen catha v.l.). do réidhighedh láithir iombuailte dona ... miledhibh sin ar go bhfesdís fein f.¤ comhlainn a chéile, B IV 2, 146b19 . feidhm na leirge a aonar air, GF, Ir. Monthly 1919, 104 . ar a angbaigheacht i n-ionadh fedhma `his valour in the field of conflict' AFM v 1778.15 . lá feadhma day of stress, battle Ir. Monthly 1927, 552 ( 23 L 17, 81b ). an bhuidhean ... bhíos iomad i n-am ḟeadhma `in time of stress' TD 21.6 . re hinnarba cach fedma ┐ cach foreigne `to repel every attack and violence' MR 160.23 . f.¤ catha `exertion of battle', duty of service of a warrior in battle: dober-sa m'ḟ.¤ catha ... la P. I will exert my battle-strength with P. CCath. 1121 . do tabairt a fedma catha ┐ comluind leo `to give them their help in battle' Cog. 74.24 . rogabsat ... a ffedhmanna catha forra, ZCP xiv 231.16 . ro ba cruaidh in comthuargain ... doronsat ... ic gabail a fedmann catha forru, CCath. 5907 . ro láa ... fortocbhail a fedhma catha forru, 2016 . mongur na curad ac comghabail a bḟedhmann catha, Marco P. 61 . (for gabáil fedma cf. co ngabad feidm fois that it should undertake the duty of stillness (?) Ériu iii 14 , but in the instances above there may be the notion of standing up to the stress of battle, taking punishment). cia dib no laccadh a fedm catha whose battle force was weakening CCath. 5975 . roba gairit in caill comarchi uathaib iat, ┐ a feidm catha forro, ┐ a ndruim riu, Cog. 176.23 . ro-ordaigh C. a ffedhmanna catha for na curadaibh assigned to the warriors their duties ZCP xiv 240.4 [or does this belong to (b) ?]. Cf. cur fedma: ní lamh cách ... luadh cogaidh ná cur feadhma, TD 21.39 . cur feadhma dóibh risan druing | sluagh T. ní budh tualuing, 2.11 . g s. as attrib.: nertlia do chloich ḟedhma , ZCP viii 543.8 . bertais a eire fedma leis da trelamh ghaisgidh (i.e. as much as he could carry) TBC-LL¹ p. 303 n. 5 . tuc fuirmed fedma do gae ... air `a strenuous thrust' TTebe 2817 . tuc fuirmeadh feadhma ... fuirre (lifting a heavy stone) ML 2y . is fis fedma `a labour it is to learn' Metr. Dinds. ii 62 . pl. tucad leo fedmanda fillti for bogadaib bending strains (i.e., they strained bows to test them ?) TTebe 1275 . re haidhbhliu na fedmann no fuilngitis of the stresses CCath. 5872 . ag airiúghadh an ḟeadhma sin perceiving their labor (of men lifting a stone) ML 2.20 . Common in chevilles: f.¤ n-úag, SR 6837 . f.¤ as uaisliu, Fél. Jan. 21 . f.¤ ngle, BB 51a30 . f.¤ as détlu, ACL iii 297 § 52 . f.¤ ngialla, MR 204 . Transf. of persons: in Congenchnesach ..., in f.¤ nach fuiliṅgther, TBC-I¹ 2205 . gurab é an feidhm nach fuloingther ... .i. Fer Diadh, ZCP x 276.7 .

(d) use; efficacy, cf. (b): mór a bhfeidhm i n-aimsir the | d'fionnḟuaradh ceathra is daoine (of rivers), Content. vi 71 . Cf. ní feidhm do an Ghaoidheilg do léaghadh ... gan a bfios do bheith aige do mheabhair `without having them by heart it is a vain effort for him to attempt [he will not be able for] the reading of Irish' O'Gr. Cat. 630.24 . bíd drong ... doitheagaisg ann, ionnus nach bí feidhm ... an bás do bhagar orra so that it is no use threatening them TSh. 554 . dogní f.¤ de (re), makes use of: is é feidhm do-nídís do sheicheadhaibh na dtarbh, Keat. ii 5441 . nachar bhfer feadhma do dhéanamh re clogat é the man to use a helmet O'Gr. Cat. 510.26 .

benaid f.¤ de makes use of; causes to work: ag buain fheadhma dá eachraidh, RC xlix 173 § 33 .

atá f.¤ ar there is use for; need of: ní ḟuil feidhm ar th'iomarbháigh your arguing is needless (useless) Content. xxii 31 . dá mbeadh f.¤ ar .ae. do leathnughadh if it were needful to broaden `ae' IGT, Decl. Introd. 7.6 . ní haige an muinntir a tá slán a tá feidhm ar an líaigh, Matthew ix 2 . ort o nach bfuil a bfeidhm since they have no use for thee Carswell 24.11 . an uair nach roibhe f.¤ ar chlogat ag énduine, agus dá mbiadh nach aigesion do bhiadh f.¤ riu, O'Gr. Cat. 510.24 . fuair feidhm ar a ghuidhe `he found his prayer efficacious' A. Ó Dálaigh 50.28 . Without AR: is móide ata féidhm againn Dia do ghuidhe, Eochairsg. 17.21 . d'ḟ.¤ of use, needful (with AR of pers.): go bhfoighe an ghloir ṡiordhaidhe ┐ gach ní atá d'ḟeidhm air dochum a faghala, Ó Héodhusa 224.10 . na neithi do bhí df.¤ orra do bhreth leo, Mac Aingil 64.17 . éin-rí ... dob ḟearr d'ḟ.¤ d'Éirinn ná Niall of greater service to Content. v 70 . Cf. má do chuireas d'ḟ.¤ orra cuaird ... if I have constrained them to search xiv 19 . Hence with obj. gen. need, necessity, occasion: ní bhí feidhm lóirghníomha air, Mac Aingil 303.13 . do gach duine do beith 'na feidhm who might need it BCC p. 132.16 . Cf. mainnear i bhf.¤ a faire adhbha an anma in need of guard (?) Studies 1931, 81 . ag so an fáinne i bhfeidhm na ndrol ib. cor faesma .i. in cor curtar risin mac faesma ... ┐ ní ar feidm gaire o geilfíne, Laws iv 62.4 .

Compds. ¤láidir strong of effort, energetic: fuirmeadh feidmlaitir, TBC-LL¹ p. 95 n. 1 St. fer foirtill feidhmláidir, AFM vi 2258.9 . gluasacht ... go foisdineach f., ML 64.17 . -nertmar id.: a fhlaith ... fedmnertmhar `mighty in enterprise' Aen. 1850 . a fiodhbhacaibh ... feidhmnertmara, AFM vi 2130.5 .

finna

Cite this: eDIL s.v. finna or dil.ie/22141
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: find, find, finnu, finnae, finna, finda, fonnaib

n io, m. also find, o, m. , earlier neut. n s. find ngairit, Corm. Y 242 (= f.¤ gairit , Thr. Ir. Gl. 10.1 ). grend .i. gruaidfinn .i. find ngruaide, Corm. Y 728 . d s. finnu, BDD 38 . LU 4881 . g p. inna finnae , Ml. 72b16 . A hair (of men or animals): gl. pilus Ml. 72b16 . cach finna ásas triána chend, BDD 109 . nothescbad finna fri gaīth, LU 9192 ( FB 91 ). no dedhlaistis finda for usciu, BDD (Y) 128 (finnae U). 137 (finna YU). dia taraill a lám ... finna a brothirni inn étaig, SR 7644 . cach finda ... dot fhult, MacCongl. 95.21 . g s. i mbun cacha finna , LU 8398 ( FB 27 ). doim ... gu cluim foda, teora boss a bhfot gacha finna dhibh, Marco P. 42 . caille aen-finna `a veil of one thread' Laws v 382.21 Comm. pl. ulcha imlebur ┐ uathad finda liath inne a few grey hairs PH 1968 . do finnaib gabur of goat's hair Hy iv 11 Comm. Coll. hair; fur, fleece: gaimen .i. gaim-finn, is sia a find-side quod [h]ieme occiditur , Corm. Y 242 . moethgilla ... doná ro ás finna nó ulcha, TTr.² 1528 . finna gaisitech forru bristly hair Marco P. 89 . luch ... is sí dergg cona find `a mouse ... red-raw, with its hair on' RC xiii 446.6 . nach bentar a ffionna dibh that they are not shorn (of sheep) BNnÉ 57 § 66 . cia beith do lēithi a ḟinnai however grey his hair may be ZCP iii 34.20 . In ZCP x 347 § 21 : om mullach gom finnuib, leg. fonnaib?

Compds. ¤líath grey-haired: fer farsaid findlíath, LL 267b30 ( MU² 746 ). óclach findliath, Acall. 3487 . folt findlieth, TBC-LL¹ 5476 St. ¤lúasgach: fionnluasgach lí súla i mbí ina condull, Ériu xiii 40.27 ( O'Dav. 1199 ) may belong to this (cited under compds of 1 finn, above). Such compds. as finn-bude, ¤chas, etc. are prob. to be referred to 1 finn, though doubtless often understood of finn `hair.' ¤líath also probably belongs to 1 finn, Loinges mac nDuíl Dermait 81 .

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