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gairm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gairm or dil.ie/25249

 

Forms: garma, garmaim, garmmaim, gairm, gairm, garman, garmand

n n, neut.; f. in Mid. I. g s. garma, Hymns ii 16 . d s. garmaim, Fél. Feb. 11 . garmmaim, Laws iv 340.17 . gairm, PH 4489 . a s. gairm, LU 9092 . Fél. Aug. 14 . n p. garman, Corm. Y 723 . g p. garmand , LL 153a43 ( Metr. Dinds. iii 66.11 ). Vn. of 3 gairid, q.v.

(a) act of calling or summoning; a call, summons, cry . As vn.: maith leis gréss dia garmaim, he likes to be called to continually, Fél. Feb. 11 . gairm neich na dorus, MacCarthy 130 . Nestor ... do gairm ina dochum, Aen. 783 . a brathair do gairm chuici to invite her brother, RC xxiv 178.8 . comaithig do garmmaim, Laws iv 340.17 . Ulaid acot gairmsiu, TBC-LL¹ 3445 . do bi se (i.e. an coilech) ag gairm crowing , BCC § 122 . Abst. for concrete the person invoked: a gairm na sochaide (of Christ), Ir. Lit. 4.12 . More frequently a mere subst.: roclos cīan son a garma, Hymns ii 16 . acht ma rainic in gairm `if the shout has reached [the distance],' Laws v 188.26 . truagh in gairm mo beth i pein, ZCP x 415.9 . conggairet gairm n-amnas fair, LU 9092 ( FB 84 ). raleig gairm ard ... ara síair, TTebe 4317 . legidh tri garmand fair he calls him three times, Aen. 2656 . ma ... dorinde na tri garmanda anacail, is slan dó if he has uttered the three summons to protection, O'Curry 523 ( H 3.18, 262b ). Cf. iar tri gramanda escairde, O'Curry 957 ( H 3.18, 413a ). gairm in ghobhair, ZCP vii 269 § 9 . ó hsamhain ... go gairm don chūaich, viii 222 § 8 . im gairm na n-én, LL 356 marg. sup. gairm cailig cercc, Laws iv 194.3 . co rogair [in cailech] a t[h]rī garmand , Ériu iii 198 § 22 . do chuir se gairm ar M. sent for, BCC § 255 . AFM v 1638.10 . cuiris gairm air, TSh. 9105 . cuireadh gairm ar mhnáibh Mumhan `let her challenge the women of Munster,' Gofraidh Fionn v § 10 . A proclamation: cóip na garma, Esther iv 8 . Esp. of an invitation or summons to a feast or assembly: gairm coitchenn do thecht o Roim (i.e. to the Papal Jubilee of 1300), AU ii 394.15 . iii 128.6 . gairm chomhchoitcenn enigh do thabhairt d'Uilliam ... do damhscolaibh, AFM iii 600.8 . tug gairm coitchionn einigh do chliaraibh Ereann, iv 680.5 ; 972.2 . ZCP xiii 182.6 . g.¤ scoile a summons to an assembly of bards or literati: tuc. g.¤ sgoile, Ériu v 52.18 . ALC ii 274.24 . g.¤ ṡluaigid a mobilisation, a call to arms: g.¤ ṡlúaighidh go hEamhuin oirbh, IGT Decl. ex. 440 . Of calling the soul to quit the dead body: dorónad a gairm dochum a adnacuil, TTr. 1804 ( LL 241a15 ). Cf. Aen. 201 . g.¤ fri fás `a cry to the waste' (of vain lamentation): golfadach ┐ gair na pecthach oc nemeli frisin Coimdid ... bid gairm fri fas doib, Ériu ii 138 § 134 . Cf. is gairm fri fasguth, MacCongl. 125.20 . g.¤ i n-agaid gaíthe (of something useless or frivolous): is gairm i n-agidh gáithi ... menma maisse mná báithe, ZCP iv 469 § 20 . With prep. ó, appealing from: ní bá héidir gairm óna bhreith, Ó Héodhusa 69 . g.¤ tar ais recantation: gairm tar ais do dhéanamh ar mhórán do na neithibh maslaightheacha do scríobh, Keat. i 42.10 .

(b) act of naming, calling , with de of person: faith do gairm d'Ísu, PH 4489 . sibh ag gairm dochtúir dhíom, Content. xvi 111 . do gairm anma dhe to be nominated (chief) Hy Fiach. 442.2 . ainm tigearna do gairm de, 444.1 ; 443.2 .

Hence (c) a name, a title: garman mnā in Daghda .i. Brēg, etc., Corm. Y 723 . ní búi Eire uirre d'ainm | re linn Shláinge gá sírgairm, SG 348.2 . Magnus ... do gabail Tire Conaill in bliadhain si ┐ gan gairm righ fair the title of king, AU ii 508.17 . techtsat tria gaire a ngarmann, Metr. Dinds. iii 198.14 . na garma chleachtar anois, mar atá Barún ... Keat. iii 123 . ii 2072 . gairm ollaimh, O'Gr. Cat. 475.13. gairid g.¤ ríg (tígerna, etc.) proclaims, nominates (king, chief, etc.): gairter gairm ríg de ac Ulltaib, SG 322.24 . ro gart gairm ríg la hUlltaib d'Fergus, 323.11 . gurab é fer t'inaidh goires gairm ríg Temrach co brāth, BColm. 72.15 . gongarar garm rigi dó, LU 3512 ( SCC § 27 ). Cf. ZCP xiii 178.15 . Passing into sense repute, fame: robrog a gairm in glan-chaill, Metr. Dinds. iv 24.26 . cen gairm bad gand `whose repute would not be scanty,' iii 170.35 . beanaidh a dhighnit ┐ a ghairm dhe, TSh. 1377 . AFM vi 1988.11 ; 2142.24 . ó shen-róimh garma Gaoídheal (i.e. London), Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 29.

Compd. ¤enech: samail Ghuaire an ghairm-einigh of proverbial hospitality (?), Content. xv 59.

(d) a calling, employment, profession: rochlechtas mo gairm, RC xxxvii 349 § 84 . od ghairm onóraigh (to a bishop), DDána 90.15 . gairm ... atá cundtabhartach innti féin, Mac Aingil 1771 . d'fior do gharma `for one of your calling,' Content. viii 30.

(e) Gramm. gairm agallmha vocative case: a fhiora as cóir ann ó ghairm agallmha, IGT Introd. § 78.