Search Results

Your search returned 90 result(s).

1 adaig

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 adaig or dil.ie/256
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: aidche, oidche, adhaigh, hoidhche, adaig, aithchi, aidchi, aithche, aidche, aidchi, aithchi, adaig, aidchi, aithgi, aidhce, aidchib

n later also aidche, oidche. , f. (see GOI § 294 ). adhaigh f. (g s. na hoidhche ), IGT Decl. § 93 . Early forms: n s. adaig, Ml. 140c3 . a s. aithchi, 95d9 . aidchi, Trip.² 2451 . g s. aithche, Ml. 95d10 . aidche, 21c3 . d s. aidchi, 62c6b . aithchi, 30a4 . adaig, LU 4781 (TBC). n p. aidchi, Trip.² 279 . a p. aithgi, Thes. ii 242.13 (Ardm.) g p. aidhce, Moling § 2 . d p. aidchib, MU² 127 .

Night: a.¤ tar æsi laíthi, Ml. 21c3 . ni bí a.¤ daitsiu, 140c3 . co roleg in nord neclastacda uile i noen aidche, Thes. ii 308.3 . a.¤ imlan, SR 20 . nocho rabi a.¤ hi Maig Inis acht soillsi ainglecda and, Trip.² 2997 . nip sí sin a.¤ bá sámam dóib, LU 4683 (TBC). combo chomsolus lá ┐ a.¤ , 8056 ( FB 2 ). cach fer díb a aidchi do ḟairi na cathrach, each man had his night for guarding the town, 9051 (ib. 80 ). midmedón aidchi, MU² 219 . urd aen laithi no aon oidchi, Laws i 22.24 . scela na haidche arér, PH 3203 . is fri aidchi dodéchatar chuccae by night (= contra noctem, Lat. Lives 18 ), Trip.² 2452 . loisc . . . longport Amlaib re naidchi, `before nightfall', Cog. 32.10 . fuair Ioseph . . ./ ar chionn oidche . . ./ áit, a place to stop the night, DDána 17.7 . lá áluinn don oidhche gheimhridh / do-ghéanta . . ./ lá geal gémadh adhaigh é, 2.13 . gemhaidhchi geimridh, ZCP vi 59.9 . oidhcheadha tuirseacha, Job vii 3 . feis aidchi evening meal, see 2 feis. nocht .i. aidche, ut est tabair mo miach cruithnechta cach nochtai[d]chi sceo dee, O'Dav. 1285 . Of battle fought at night : cath for Gull, cath for Ergull ┐ dubadaig Immair 'the battle at Goll, the battle at Ergoll and the black night[-battle] of Immar (?)', B. in Scáil² 35 § 10 .

In accus., gen. and dat. as adv. of time. Accus.: in naithchi n-uili during the whole night, Ml. 95d9 . amal nongnetis ón gním in n-aithchi dorchi, 30a4 . ni gleter dala lasna Déisi acht in n-aidchi, Trip.² 2451 . canaid cét salm cech naidchi, Thes. ii 315.5 (Hy. ii). cach nómad n-aidche, BDD² 174 . cech noidci, ZCP iv 176 § 95 . nuall-ghul gach n-oidche, TSh. 6430 . adhaig n-aen ann, BNnÉ 310 § 35 . Prob. also: doluid Duaid . . . aidchi roboi cucu inna ndunad `D. went one evening to them into their camp', Ml. 55c1 . in aidchi in gene `on the night of the birth', Wb. 28c12 . suánemuin do dénum in aidchi, 24d14 , 26b17 . lasse immerordus in aidchi, Ml. 96a3 . in a.¤ -sin . . . ro-saerait na maccu, PH 412 . an adhaigh rug Muire mac, DDána 15.9 . an adhuighsin, TD 8.13 . tánag adhaigh go hEas gCaoille one night, 25.1 . Dat.: trissa n-ínnaide arane- tersi ind aidchi (?leg. isind a.¤ , edd.) `in the night', Ml. 42c23 . ind aidhche, Gael. 50, 128 (`at night', Blathm. 325 ). isind aidchi dudchoisgedar `on the night that follows it', Ml. 62c6b . ní airgénsat bíada dóib ind a.¤ sin, LU 4780 (TBC). In pl. Dia do adhradh aidhc[h]ibh laithib by night and day, ZCP viii 198.24 . Gen.: orggaid .c. fer cacha aidche diib, LU 5583 (TBC).

In phrase (n)d'a.¤ (where (n)d- is the remnant of the article, see GOI p. 161 ) that night (i.e. the night following a specified day): con-tuili íarom [i]nd adig (ndadig, ṅdadaig v.ll.), Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. 37 § 5 . faeiss ind ingen dádaig leis, LL 11308 . anais . . . ann a lla n-isin . . . ┐ in n-aidchi d'adhaig `that day and the following night', Ériu xii 146 § 7 (TE2). co fargdais cuit na aidchi d'ádaig until they should have left behind (sufficient for) the evening meal that night, TBC-LL¹ 1954 . an fer muirse anocht dot marbud himbaruch d'adhuigh, ZCP iv 176 § 95 . tigid . . . uili amārach d'agaid, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 40.1 . Dun Gaillmhe do losccadh arabhárach d'adhaigh, AFM ii 1144.8 .

In reckoning periods of time (cf. Engl. fortnight, se'nnight): do galur tri noidhche, AU ii 28.3 . do trib cethorchait aidci `thrice forty nights', Mon. Tall. 136.8 (§ 24) . foidsi S. o ruan iii aithgi lais cu M. ┐ anis .iii. aithgi la suide, Thes. ii 242.13 (Ardm.). anait sidi leis trí laa ┐ tēora aidchi, Sc.M² 4 . re ré cethrachat aidhchi in corgais, Laws i 196.2 Comm. iar teora aidhcib, v 320.11 . damnatar la trí laaib ┐ aidchib ic ól, MU² 127 . ré cetheora n-oidhche con a láibh, Hugh Roe 30.18 . ro troicset trī lā cona n-oighthibh, Irish Texts i 43.28 . a.¤ longpuirt a night's encampment: aidce longphort (leg. -phuirt), CCath. 3444 . do batar a.¤ longphuirt inte, Ann. Conn. 1253.13 . badar da oidche longphuirt ag E., AFM iii 348.15 .

Eve of a day or festival: i n-aidche lúain (i.e. Sunday night), Ériu ii 206 § 26 . in ṅadaig ré notlaic, Fél. Dec. 24 . in his tribus noctibus .i. aidchi dardáoin aidchi sathairn ┐ aidchi ndomnaich, Mon. Tall. 132. 26 (§ 14) . o espartain aidchi domnaig co hanteirt día lúain, LU 1918 . dia Sathairn .i. oidche chásga Easter Eve, Ériu i 92 § 42 . aidchi fhele Laegairi, Lism. L. 268 . aidchi samna `the eve of samain', RC xxiv 178.17 .

See caidche.

as-beir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. as-beir or dil.ie/4383
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: adeir, adubart, adebart, adébart, adobart, adóbart, -dubart, -ebert, -ebart, -ébart, -debart, -débart, -óbart, -dobart, -dóbart, adubart, adobart, adóbart, adébart, asbiur, -epiur, -epur, asbirsiu, asṁbirsiu, asbir, -apir, -epir, asbeir, asṁber, assidbeir, adbeir, atbeir, -epir, -epeir, -eiper, -eper, asberam, -eprem, asberid, asndonberat, asberar, asberr, asmberr, asber, -eperr, -aiperr, asbertar, -epertar, asrobair, asrobar, atrobair, asberinse, asberinn, asbered, asberad, atbeirmis, asbertis, asbeirtis, asberthe, asṅdanbertheni, epred, eprid, asber, -eper, asbere, asbera(su), asbera, atbera, asmberamni, asberaid, asberat, -epret, asberthar, -epert[h]ar, -erbora, -ǽrbara, -erbara, -érbarid, -érbarat, -ērbrat, asrobarthar, -érbarthar, asberin, asberinn, asbertha, -epertha, asberad, atberad, -epred, -epreid, -aipred, asbermis, -epertais, asberthe, asberthae, -eperthe, -erbartha, -erparta, asindrobrad, -ærbarad, -erbarad, asndarobartis, asbǽr, asbéer, asbér, -épéer, -epér, -eper, asbéra, asbéram, asbérat, asbérthar, asbertar, -erbǽra, -eperth, asbert, asmbert, -epert, asindbertatar, -epertatár, asbreth, asruburt, asidruburt, asidrubart, -ǽrburt, -erbort, asrubart, autrubert, asrubartmar, asrubartmmar, adrubartmar, arrubartait, asrubartatar, asinrubartat, -ærb[art]atar, asrobrad, asrobrath, -erbrad, -érbrath, -érbrad, atbiur, adbirsa, atberim, atiur, natiur-sa, tiur-sa, attear, atderim-sea, aderim, adearaim, adirim, -apur, -abbair, -apraim, -abraim, -dirim, at-beire, atberi, at-biri, natbere, ateri, adere, aderi, adir, -abbrai, -abra, atbeir, itbeir, atber, atbir, adbeir, adeir, ader, -abair, -abrann, atberam-ni, adearam, adireim-ne, adermait, idermaidne, adeirmíd, adearmuid, adirmid, -abramait, atberid, atberthe, atberthai-si, atberthi, itirid-si, -aparthi, -aparthai, -abraid, -aburth, atberat, adberuid, atberait, aderait, aderaid, adeirit, adeirid, -abraid, atberar, atberair, aderar, aderair, iderar, dearair, adirthir, adirthear, adeirthear, deirthear, -eperar, -ebarar, -apar, -abar, -aburar, -abairthear, -abarthar, atbered, adbered, atdeired, a-deireadh, conaprad, adeirdis, atberthea, adberta, atberte, aderthai, n-aburti, apursiu, apair, abbair, abair, aprad, abradh, apraid, abraid, aprit, abraid, abarthar, atber, -apror, -abra-sa, therar, ciadera, -eibre, -aprai, -apra, -abra, -erba, adbera, -epre, -eperta-som, -apra, -epram, -apraid, -abairthe, -abrat, -aprat, -ebarthar, -abartar, -abruinn, at-bertha, aderthe, -ebertha, -erbarta, erbartha, atberad, -ebrad, -aprad, -abradh, atbermais, aderdáis, -abbraitis, -hapraitis, -abartháoi, -erbrad, at-bēr, atér, adér, adéar, -eibér, -aibéar, atbēra, atbéra-su, adbera, -adéruir, atbera, adēra, adéara, adérus, -epri, -ebre, -aibéra, -aibeóraidh, adéaraim-ne, déaram, -aibéaram, atberat, adēraitt, -aibeórait, atdérthar, -habeórtar, adearainn, -eibrinn, atbertha, -ebertha, -aibeorta, ádertha, atbered, adberad, atberad, adéaradh, -ebéredh, -ébradh, -eibreadh, -aibeoradh, adéarmais, adiartáis, adérdáis, adéarthaoi, adéartha, -aibértaide, -aibeorthaoi, atbert, adbert, itbert, atbert sib, atbertatar, atbertar, atrubart, adrubairt, atrubairt, adrubairt, atrubartmar, atrubrumar, adrubramar, atrubrabar, atrubartatar, atrubratár, atrubartar, adrubrad, atrubrad, atubart, adubhart, adubairt, atubairt, gitubairt, dubairt, itubairt, adubert, dubairt, adubairt, duibhert, adeibairt, -dubhairt, -dobort, -dóbart, -debhairt, -debert, -débairt, -débuirt, adubramar, adubrumar, adubramair, dubrumur, -dubhramar, -dubhramair, -dobramair, -dobhramair, adubratar, dubrudar, -dubhradar, adubhradh, dubradh, -dubradh, -debhradh, -déabhradh, -óbart, -éabhart, -eabert, -ebert, -ebairt, -ébairt, -éabhairt, -ebradar, -ebrad, -ebrath, -ébrad, condérbairt, -derbertatar, asroepred, atbertus, adubartus, atbertais, adubartais, adobhartois, -ebartais, -dhébartais, atbertsat, asbertsit, atbertsatar, -epertsat, -ebertsat, -ebirtsit, adubortas, -ebras, -erbertus, atrubairtais, -erbortaiss, atrubhairtset, epert, abairt, abarta

v (* ess-ber-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 466 ). IGT Verbs § 6 . In the prot. -epir there is some fluctuation between e- and a-, see GOI p. 54 , 508 and forms infra.

In Mid. Ir. a form atbeir (prot. -epir, -ap(a)ir) replaces as-beir, see GOI p. 268 . Later this becomes a(t)deir (prot. -apair) and is the usual form in late Mid. and Mod. Ir. Occasionally adeir (sometimes deir) is given the endings of a simple verb, see infra. The early conjugation (ā-subj., ē-fut., t-pret.) continues with Mid. Ir. personal endings. In the pret. new stem-formations appear: adubart (< adrubart); adebart, adébart (? conflation of adubart and -epert); adobart, adóbart. In depend. position -dubart; -ebert, -ebart, -ébart, -debart, -débart; -óbart, -dobart, -dóbart. In classical verse (IGT loc. cit.) adubart, adobart alliterate with d; adóbart, adébart with a vowel and with d.

Early forms. Indic. pres. 1 s. asbiur, Wb. 8a9 . -epiur, Wb. 4b26 . -epur, 5a31 . 2 s. asbirsiu, Wb. 12d17 . asṁbirsiu, Sg. 208b5 . asbir, 66b10 . -apir, ibid. -epir, TBC-LL¹ 1763 . 3 s. asbeir, Wb. 5a1 . asṁber, 10b13 . With rel. inf. pron. assidbeir, 20a10 . With neut. inf. pron. adbeir, 5a11 . atbeir, 10d5 . -epir, ibid. -epeir, 17d11 . -eiper, 33b7 . -eper, Ml. 69a21 . 1 pl. asberam, Ml. 14a19 . Sg. 55b1 . -eprem, Sg. 208a7 . 2 pl. asberid, Wb. 5a31 . 3 pl. with rel. inf. pron. asndonberat, Wb. 2a12 . Pass. sg. asberar, Wb. 3c21 . asberr, 21c7 . asmberr, 33a18 . asber, Ml. 110d16 , 114a2 . -eperr, Sg. 73a11 . -aiperr, Ml. 14d13 . Pass. pl. asbertar, Wb. 28a20 ; Ml. 123c8 . -epertar, Sg. 3b6 . With inf. ro: 3 s. asrobair, Sg. 198a18 . ? asrobar, Ml. 17b23 . With inf. neut. pron. atrobair, Sg. 190b4 .

Indic. impf. 1 s. asberinse, Ml. 54c26 ; asberinn, 91b10 . 3 s. asbered, Wb. 15a18 ; Ml. 54c18 , 23 , 55c17 ; asberad, 53d6 . 1 pl. With neut. inf. pron. atbeirmis, Wb. 26b19 . 3 pl. asbertis, Wb. 25b27 . asbeirtis, 4c23 , Ml. 106d3 . Pass. sg. asberthe, Thes. i 492.25 . With inf. pron. 1 pl. asṅdanbertheni, Ml. 114a7 .

Ipv. 3 s. epred, Wb. 10a16 . 2 pl. eprid, TBFr. 396 . TBC-I¹ 1570 .

Subj. pres. 1 s. asber, Wb. 16a24 . -eper, 32a20 . 2 s. asbere, Wb. 12d13 . asbera(su), Sg. 209d30 . 3 s. asbera, Wb. 22b23 . With inf. neut. pron. atbera, 12a4 . 1 pl. asmberamni, Wb. 2a13 . 2 pl. asberaid, Wb. 7d10 . 3 pl. asberat, Wb. 1d1 . -epret, Wb. 7d8 . Pass. sg. asberthar, Wb. 10a12 . -epert[h]ar, Wb. 5a5 . With inf. ro 1 s. -erbora, LU 6659 (TBC). 2 s. -ǽrbara, Sg. 209b30 . -erbara, LL 286a1 . 2 pl. -érbarid, Wb. 13c13 ; 15d6 . 3 pl. -érbarat, Wb. 27c8 . -ērbrat, Sc.M² 1R . Pass. sg. asrobarthar, Thes. ii 17.34 . -érbarthar, Wb. 10d13 .

Subj. impf. 1 s. asberin, Wb. 14c23 ; asberinn, 17b1 . 2 s. asbertha, Sg. 217b15 . -epertha, TBC-LL¹ 2161 . 3 s. asberad, Wb. 13a13 , 19 ; Ml. 59a7 , 67a8 , 95b7 . With inf. pron. 3 s. n. atberad, Ml. 62c2 . -epred, 28b11 , 69a21 . -epreid, 70a6 . -aipred, 33c17 . 1 pl. asbermis, Wb. 18a18 . 3 pl. -epertais, Ml. 28d8 . Pass. sg. asberthe, Wb. 15d20 . asberthae, Ml. 77a6 . -eperthe, Wb. 19a5 ; 23d25 . With inf. ro 2 s. -erbartha (-erbarta v.l.), Alex. 829 . -erparta, BB 498a4 . 3 s. with rel. inf. pron. asindrobrad, Ml. 50b8 . -ærbarad, Ml. 31b20 , 24 . -erbarad, SR 5642 . 3 pl. asndarobartis, Ml. 31b22 .

Fut. 1 s. asbǽr, Ml. 91b10 . asbéer, Wb. 32a22 . asbér, TBFr. 168 . -épéer, Wb. 32a20 . -epér, SR 1309 . -eper, PH 2382 . 3 s. asbéra, Wb. 12d6 . 1 pl. asbéram, Wb. 17c23 . 3 pl. asbérat, Wb. 12d12 . Pass. sg. asbérthar, TBFr. 177 . Pass. pl. asbertar, Sg. 73b8 . With inf. ro 3 s. -erbǽra, ZCP vii 484.25 (Enchir. Aug.).

Condit. pass. sg. -eperth, Ml. 127d14 .

Pret. 3 s. asbert, Ml. 16c10 , Thes. ii 241.12 ; 242.3 , 6 . asmbert, Ml. 58c6 , 124d9 . -epert, Thes. ii 242.15 (Ardm.). 3 pl. with rel. inf. pron. asindbertatar, Ml. 124d9 . -epertatár, LU 8079 ( FB 5 ). Pass. sg. asbreth, Ériu iii 137.52 .

Perf. 1 s. asruburt, Sg. 91a3 , Ml. 50d7 . With rel. inf. pron. asidruburt, Sg. 58b1 , 75b2 . asidrubart, Ml. 3a15 , 66c1 . -ǽrburt, 44b19 . 2 s. -erbort. Ériu xii 166 § 5 (TE). 3 s. asrubart, Wb. 4d16 , autrubert, Thes. ii 246.14 (Cambr.). -érbart, Wb. 13c12 . 1 pl. asrubartmar, Wb. 8d26 . asrubartmmar, Sg. 55b5 . adrubartmar, 197b16 . 2 pl. arrubartait (sic), RC iii 345.16 . 3 pl. asrubartatar, Wb. 18d1 . With rel. inf. pron. asinrubartat, Ml. 131d12 . -ærb[art]atar, 29a4 . Pass. sg. asrobrad, Wb. 3c31 , 5a4 , 10d8 , 12d26 , 33b16 . asrobrath, Ériu ii 104 § 15 . -erbrad, Wb. 32c8 , -érbrath, Sg. 220a10 . -érbrad, Ériu iii 137.52 . -éabrad, Celtica xiii 13.248 .

Later forms. Indic. pres. 1 s. atbiur, TBC-LL¹ 610 . adbirsa, Mon. Tall. 154.23 . atberim, SR 1873 . atiur, TBC-LL¹ 2990 etc., natiur-sa, 4269 . tiur-sa, 2975 . attear, 3180 . atderim-sea, 4403 . aderim, PH 2760 . adearaim, DDána 113.29 . adirim (: eisinill), IGT Verbs ex. 84 . -apur, Mon. Tall. 140.24 . -abbair, Ériu ii 92 § 6 . -apraim, PH 2188 . -abraim, TSh. 2694 . -dirim, Content. xxix 10 . 2 s. at-beire, SR 1268 . atberi, Trip.² 584 . at-biri, Sc.M² 3 . natbere, TBC-LL¹ 1679 . ateri, MU 420 . adere, PH 2712 . aderi, 2705 . adir (: fir), IGT Verbs ex. 83 . -abbrai, Ériu iv 98.7 . -abra, DDána 37.17 . 3 s. atbeir, SR 4169 . itbeir, Trip.² 64 . atber, TBC-LL¹ 430 . atbir, 1222 . adbeir, ZCP viii 109.10 . adeir, PH 2714 . ader, 2688 . -abair, TSh. 127 . -abrann (: cablom), IGT Verbs ex. 87 . 1 pl. atberam-ni, TBC-LL¹ 5017 . adearam, DDána 42.30 . adireim-ne, 70.1 . adermait, PH 2685 . idermaidne, YBL 142b19 . adeirmíd, TSh. 5863 . adearmuid (: dhuid), Dán Dé xv 22 . adirmid (: sirmid), IGT Verbs ex. 76 . -abramait, PH 2666 . 2 pl. atberid, PH 297 . atberthe, TBC-LL¹ 861 . atberthai-si, 1959 . atberthi, PH 5268 . itirid-si, TBC-LL¹ 1636 . -aparthi, PH 5268 . -aparthai, 2362 . -abraid, -aburth, CCath. 601 . 3 pl. atberat, Trip.² 1175 . TBC-LL¹ 2659 . adberuid, Laws i 34.4 Comm. atberait, PH 6985 . aderait, 2676 . aderaid, CCath. 1700 . adeirit, Ériu xv 14 § 1 . adeirid, TSh. 751 . -abraid, 2514 . Pass. sg. atberar, BDD² 582 . TBC-LL¹ 843 etc. atberair, PH 2870 . aderar, 7396 . aderair, 7345 . iderar, CCath. 722 . dearair, DDána 48.10 . adirthir (: sligthiph), IGT Verbs ex. 93 . adirthear, DDána 78.12 adeirthear, TSh. 2515 . deirthear, 5652 . -eperar, Laws ii 254.6 . -ebarar, ACL iii 247.5 . -apar, MU² 265 . TBC-LL¹ 1148 . -abar, DDána 23.18 . -aburar, Maund. 8 . -abairthear, Ó Héodhusa 50.16 . -abarthar, TSh. 1924 .

Indic. impf. 3 s. atbered, TBFr. 223 . adbered, Ériu i 46.10 . atdeired, TBC-LL¹ 2854 . a-deireadh, DDána 52.17 . conaprad, Ériu iv 32.4 . 3 pl. adeirdis, Maund. 16 . Pass. sg. atberthea, TBC-LL¹ 1453 . adberta, Ériu ii 176.5 . atberte, CCath. 4446 . aderthai, Irish Texts i 22 § 5 . frisi n-aburti , Ann. Conn. 1310.3 .

Ipv. 2 s. apursiu, Mon. Tall. 150.22 . apair, TBFr. 323 . abbair, SR 1213 etc. abair, PH 351 . 3 s. aprad, PH 1768 . abradh, Ériu xv 14 § 5 . 2 pl. apraid, TBFr. 144 . abraid, Ériu iv 140.18 . aprit si, Mon. Tall. 131.31 . 3 pl. abraid, RSClára 7b . Pass. sg. abarthar, RSClára 4a .

Subj. pres. 1 s. atber, Ériu v 30.4 . -apror, LU 6662 (TBC). -abrur, LB 141a28 . -abra-sa (abru-sa v.l.), CCath. 3340 . cia therar , Ériu i 227.5 . 2 s. ciadera, Metr. Dinds. iv 356.58 . -eibre, Laws iv 108.1 . -aprai, Fing. R. 381 . -apra (-aprae v.l.), CCath. 4209 . -abra, PH 431 . -erba, 3155 . 3 s. adbera, Laws i 120.27 Comm. -epre, Ériu iii 106 § 41b . ? -eperta-som, TBC-LL¹ 2153 . -apra, IT i 128.26 . 1 pl. -epram, PH 6887 . 2 pl. -apraid, LU 4009 ( SCC 45 ). -abairthe, TTr.² 337 . 3 pl. -abrat, Sc.M² R 20 . -aprat, PH 7891 . Pass. sg. -ebarthar (- erbarthar MS), Ériu iv 24.3 . -abartar, RSClára 103a .

Subj. impf. 1 s. -abruinn, KMMisc. 354.17 . 2 s. at-bertha, Sc.M² 3 . TBC-LL¹ 1730 . aderthe, ZCP vii 301 § 7 . -ebertha, TBC-LL¹ 1730 . -erbarta, Anecd. v 2.10 = erbartha, Alex. 829 . 3 s. atberad, LU 2511 . -ebrad, IT i 175.16 . -aprad, Fing. R. 30 . -abradh, TSh. 2509 . 1 pl. atbermais, Trip.² 63 . 3 pl. aderdáis, Fianaig. 70.27 . -abbraitis, TBC-LL¹ 3592 . -hapraitis, 3291 . Pass. sg. -abartháoi, RSClára 77b . With inf. ro 3 s. -erbrad, IT i 175.31 .

Fut. 1 s. at-bēr, Fing. R. 971 . atér, LL 298b40 . adér, BNnÉ 252 § 207 . adéar, DDána 67.7 . -eibér, FDG² 57 . -aibéar (: caigéal), Content. xxiv 10 . 2 s. atbēra, SR 8133 . atbéra-su, Trip.² 1141 . adbera, Laws i 302.26 Comm. -adéruir, Laud 610, fo. 18d (cited from Plummer MS notes). 3 s. atbera, PH 2038 . adēra, ZCP viii 212.23 . adéara, DDána 29.24 . rel. adérus, RSClára 152a . -epri, LU 2513 . -ebre, IGT Verbs ex. 82 (subj. ?). -aibéra, ZCP viii 212.30 . -aibeóraidh, TSh. 534 . 1 pl. adéaraim-ne, DDána 67.35 . déaram, ML 120.15 . -aibéaram, DDána 95.18 . 3 pl. atberat, TBC-LL¹ 1613 . adēraitt, RSClára 22a . -aibeórait, 14a . Pass. sg. atdérthar, RC xx 12 § 21 . -habeórtar, Maund. 268 .

Condit. 1 s. adearainn, DDána 59.26 . -eibrinn (: deighgreim), IGT Verbs ex. 91 . 2 s. atbertha, TBC-LL¹ 1730 . -ebertha, 1730 . -aibeorta, TBC-LL¹ p. 221 n.4 . ádertha, ibid. 3 s. atbered, SR 5903 . adberad, CCath. 754 . atberad, 755 . adéaradh, DDána 94.13 . -ebéredh, BNnÉ 323 § 33 . -ébradh (: érlam), IGT Verbs ex. 86 . -eibreadh (: fleadh), ex. 81 . -aibeoradh, Keat. i 62.17 . 1 pl. adéarmais, DDána 99.43 . 3 pl. adiartáis, TBC-LL¹ 4018 . adérdáis, ZCP viii 223.20 . Pass. sg. adéarthaoi, DDána 21.22 . adéartha, 11.33 . -aibértaide, Maund. 55 . -aibeorthaoi, Keat. i 234.16 .

Pret. and perf.

(a) 3 s. atbert, Trip.² 168 . TBC-LL¹ 962 etc. adbert, Mon. Tall. 136.18 . itbert, CCath. 412 . 2 pl. atbert sib, PH 1384 . 3 pl. atbertatar, TBC-LL¹ 456 etc. atbertar, TTr.² 560 .

(b) 1 s. atrubart, PH 1548 . 3 s. adrubairt, Anecd. i 11.13 ( -a(i)rt, SCano 309 ). atrubairt, SR 1325 . adrubairt, Trip.² 554 . 1 pl. atrubartmar, CCath. 2865 . atrubrumar, PH 554 . adrubramar, 3460 . 2 pl. atrubrabar, PH 2774 . 3 pl. atrubartatar, LL 401b42 . atrubratár, TBC-LL¹ 2076 . atrubartar, TTr. 422 . Pass. sg. adrubrad. Trip.² 1392 . atrubrad, PH 107 .

(c) 1 s. atubart, TBC-LL¹ 4110 . adubhart, DDána 39.14 . 3 s. adubairt, TBC-LL¹ 1494 . atubairt, 956 . gitubairt, 3764 (ce dubairt , v.l.). itubairt, RC xlvi 227.19 . adubert, ZCP xiii 182.26 . dubairt, PH 7464 . adubairt, IGT Verbs ex. 80 . duibhert, Rel. Celt. ii 190.33 . adeibairt (idubairtt v.l.), Ériu ii 184.16 . -dubhairt, TSh. 3198 . -dobort (: comolc), IGT Verbs ex. 88 . -dóbart (: cródhacht), ex. 89 . -debhairt, CCath. 421 . -debert, RC xiv 46 § 54 . -débairt, TTr.² 245 . -débuirt (: énuilc), IGT Verbs ex. 75 . 1 pl. adubramar (atrubhamar v.l.), CCath. 2641 . adubrumar, Laws i 92.9 Comm. adubramair, 42.21 Comm. dubrumur, 142.27 Comm. -dubhramar, TSh. 1158 . -dubhramair, 99 . -dobramair (: gormlannaig), IGT Verbs ex. 79 . -dobhramair, DDána 101.25 . 3 pl. adubratar, PH 2679 . dubrudar, RC xlix 5 § 2 . -dubhradar, TSh. 3210 . Pass. sg. adubhradh, DDána 21.7 . má dubradh , IGT Verbs ex. 80 . -dubradh (: chunnradh), ex. 90 . -debhradh, Lism. L. 3310 . -déabhradh (: téarnamh), DDána 108.3 .

(d) 1 s. -óbart, IGT Verbs ex. 85 . -éabhart, Content. viii 4 . 3 s. -eabert, Ériu ii 186.13 . -ebert, CCath. 4061 . -ebairt, TBC-LL¹ 137 . -ébairt (: mérailt), IGT Verbs ex. 74 . -éabhairt, DDána 97.24 . 3 pl. -ebradar, Ériu ii 180.10 , Pass. sg. -ebrad, Fing. R. 1030 . -ebrath, ZCP viii 313.30 . -ébrad, IT i 132.19 .

(e) 3 s. condérbairt, TTr.² 1764 . 3 pl. -derbertatar, BS 50.30 . Pass. sg. asroepred, Mon. Tall. 159.4 .

Pret. and perf. with s-pret. endings. 1 s. atbertus, PH 1517 . adubartus, 1785 . 2 s. atbertais, TBC-LL¹ 1414 . adubartais, PH 3332 . adobhartois, Desid. 799 . -ebartais, Fen. 300. x . -dhébartais, ZCP viii 552.14 . 3 pl. atbertsat, LU 9223 ( FB § 77 ). asbertsit, Alex. 690 . atbertsatar, PH 2743 . -epertsat, PH 750 . -ebertsat, 2305 . -ebirtsit, TBC-LL¹ p. 649 n.7 . Pass. sg. adubortas (: bfoltchas), IGT Verbs ex. 78 . -ebras, Ériu vii 225.6 .

Also 1 s. -erbertus, PH 4958 . 2 s. atrubairtais, PH 5046 . -erbortaiss, Ériu xii 166.30 (TE). 3 pl. atrubhairtset, Leb. Gab.(i) 244.9 .

Vn. epert. abairt, IGT Verbs § 6 .

Part. of necess. abarta, Anecd. ii 20 § 4 .

Says, speaks (folld. by direct obj., verbal clause or vn. clause): dogníthe a n-asbered Moysi, Wb. 15a18 . arna epret is ara miscuis in cúrsachad, 7d8 . ní arindí asndarobartis . . . inna briathra hisin, Ml. 31b22 . atbeir C. . . . inní so, Trip.² 10 . in ferand . . . a n-apar a mbith, 43 . ní abbair acht fírinne `I say only the truth', Ériu ii 92.15 . intan promthar epred ced, ZCP vii 312 § 24 . asrubairt ni regad co rrucad mo chendsa, TBC-I¹ 1219 . adbert co ndingnead, Ériu ii 180.9 . brat an druadh adir an leabhar / 'na smual ón tigh theineadh, Dán Dé xii 23 . dā n-abruinn gurab dubh an fíach, / adēardis Laighnigh gur geal , KMMisc. 354.17 . ná habair 's ní aibéar-sa / m'ainm, Dánta Gr. 95.13 . adeirid uile, crochtar é, TSh. 3196 . an madradh adeir sé do bheith i n-ifreann, 1030 . an dream adeirmíd do mharthain quos vivere dicimus, 5863 . In phrase a.¤ bréithir (bríathar) gives one's word: asbir mo bríathar . . . beith ré dosom ría n-ecaib ┐ ní dognéa . . . `by my word', Mon. Tall. 141.6 . natiur-sa brethir manu thísat . . . is missi conairgeba bás, TBC-LL¹ 4269 . asbiur mo bréithir . . . narb' ail damh nech d'anacal, RC xxvii 268 § 16 . In sense of orders, commands: asbert Colmán a scor reme C. ordered it to cease, BColm. 58.22 . má adubhairt cairt a roinn ribh / an tírse `if some charter orders you to divide this country', Aithd. D. 30.32 . céard gach fhir do dhíol adeir he orders the craft of every man to be rewarded, DDána 91.45 . adeirim ris an saoghal cromadh, TSh. 190 . sings, chants Celtica xxi 62 : co n-ebert an laoidh, BS 17.487 .

With prepp. With FRI says to, calls: amal asindbertatar som fris, Ml. 124d9 . is sain indí asidrubart ┐ indí frisa n-érbrath, Sg. 220a10 . asbert D. fri Pátricc, Thes. ii 241.12 . eprid frie for toisc, TBFr. 396 . Rí frisin-erbairt in slúag, SR 7689 . Conall C. atubrad rium-sa do gabáil ann `I was told that C. would settle there', Ériu xvi 67.93 . ní apur frit ol M. ní fodgní lind `I do not tell thee (to do so) says M., such is not our practice', Mon. Tall. 140.24 . notaitchim ar Dia . . . co n-erba rind . . ., PH 3155 . adbirsa fritsa cuicc bliadna dec pendi `I pronounce upon thee fifteen years of penance', Mon. Tall. 154.23 . apraid ríu . . . anat dina cuínib co fodailter dóib, TBFr. 144 . coimhlíonaid . . . mar a dubhradh riú `as it hath byn commanded them', RSClára 114b . is airi asbiur frit stultam, Wb. 8a9 . as uime adeirthear neamhghlan rú this is why they are said to be impure, IGT Introd. 5.12 . Druim C. risa n-apar Áni Clíach which is called, MU² 294 . as ris aderthai Mac Duinnshleibhe, L. Chl. S. 17 . mac do Fíachaig Mullet[h]an risinnabar Fer da Líach, ZCP viii 303.29 . an ced earnail dib re nabar morbus uniuersalis, RC xlix 3.4 .

With DO gives as a name to, applies to, calls: conna epreid ainm dia ndoib, Ml. 70a6 . ání as deus is du folud nephchumscaigthiu asberr, 110d16 . conepertar doib ylementa , Sg. 3b6 . ní eperr acht hilar dóib `only the plural is used of them', 73a11 . cid ara n-eperr fer midboth don[d] ḟi[u]r so ? Críth G. 30 . is hé in suide itberar doib, Trip.² 40 .

With DI calls: is de atberthe in siriti de ara met no delbad i n-ilrechtaib, LU 9008 ( FB 75 ). is airi adberta Furbaide de, Ériu ii 176.5 . cia tugaid ara n-ebarar berla tobaide din Gaedilg ?, Auraic. 2.10 . Says of: issed asberedsom desuidiu `this is what he used to say of this', Mon. Tall. 142.18 . is don ingen siu atrubrath cruth cach co hEtain, IT i 120.12 . conadh aire atberar in foranmach de .i. Nuada Find Feimin, ZCP xiii 197.15 . cé dearaid cách éag re hadhart / d'onchoin R. . . ., Magauran 1172 .

With ó names from: iar marbhadh . . . Charolusa . . . ó n-abarthar cloidheamh Charolusa from whom the sword of C. is named, Ériu i 80 § 8 . cia ó ndubhradh ainm gacha litre, IGT Introd. § 1.4 . Féine ó Fhéinius atbearta, Keat. ii 319 . Aed mac . . . Fergail on abar h. Fergail, Ann. Conn. 1232.2 .

1 barr

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 barr or dil.ie/5416
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: barra, bhairr

n o, m. Otherwise: an fearann barra (g p. ?) the produce farm , Maguires of F. 92.

(a) In general, top, tip, end : b.¤ .i. críoch, O'Cl. b., críoch, corr, Eg. Gl. 65. pundand . . . ben-de-ind .i. a b.¤ benar de, Corm. Y 1065. for b.¤ cech oen chlúi, IT i 191.17 . for b.¤ na tuinne, LL 14625. for b.¤ slati, PH 131. for b.¤ an tsrotha, BNnÉ 296 n. 4 . ar b.¤ uachtarach na lasrach, TTebe 4142 . ruaíc tucadh do b.¤ in tṡluaigh the front of the host, AU iii 538.24 . sdéad seang ar bharraibh a bróg, DDána 106.10 . i mb.¤ an bhrogha, 71.16 . ? im' imdai . . . conna barreib forōrdae, MacCongl. 119.2 . ar b.¤ na cathrach `housetops', Stair Erc. 1872. bíbh (sic) a bárr so er bechbrethaibh `let [me see] any one improve upon . . .', O'Gr. Cat. 110.14. fo b.¤ Chenil Luachain `upper end', Ann. Conn. 1390.6 . b.¤ eanbruithi scum, O'Gr. Cat. 252.31. bárr bláthaigi 179.4 . go coilltibh bhairr na tuaithe, AFM vi 2230.2 . Cf. 1 úachtar (b).

(b) Special applications. Of trees, top, branching portion; of plants, tip, flower-head: b.¤ gl. frons -dis, Sg. 113b6 . in bairr thalman gl. intiba, 169b1 . b.¤ edin treetop interlaced with ivy, Thes. ii 294.11 . i mbarraibh cech primhfedhae, Blathm. 256. for barraib crand, Laws iv 188.14 Comm. athgabail cerc . . . mad i mbarr, gat ima bun if they are in a treetop let a withe be tied around its trunk, ii 118.14 Comm. in comad ro sia a b.¤ (of a felled tree), iii 226.11 Comm. b. blaithe . . . foríti ina mbech, Laws ii 120.x (but see Bechbretha 190 ). íar mb.¤ ḟedo, Imr. Brain 42. tri .xx crand / comraic nad chomraic a mb.¤ their branches almost touch (?), LU 3703 ( SCC 33 ). cromm barr cráeb, LL 12851. b.¤ sobarche, LU 10846. do b.¤ in feoir, CF 73.10 . no-thescatís barru na crand, PH 4620. b.¤ an luis, DDána 71.19 . b.¤ dés, IGT Decl. ex. 1089.

In phr. bun b.¤ = lock, stock and barrel, completely: ro tesc in ṅgabail . . . d'óenbéim bun b.¤ trunk and branch, TBC-LL¹ 746. ic atód tenedh ┐ do cuired in omna . . . bun b.¤ fair, IT iii 195 § 33. Cf. bretha bairr bunaid, Laws iv 166.x. dilsigthir barr bunaid a ttorad in cethramad bliadain, 168.3 . See 1 bun.

(c) Of the extremities of the body: b.¤ na teangadh, Cóir Anm. 279. Cf. TTebe 1863 . b.¤ a da slindén. TBC-LL¹ p. 615 n.6 . doghabh an rioghan ar b.¤ láimhe, Ériu v 184.370 . Cf. Dán Dé xv 32 . b.¤ na mér (collect. ?), Studies 1924, 243 § 15 . b.¤ na sróna, IGT Decl. ex. 1389. b.¤ fiadha an antler tip, Celtica ii 32 § 3 . b.¤ búabaill, see s.v. búaball.

(d) head of hair: do b.¤ cass, IT iii 16 § 41. barr buide for-dut-tá 'the yellow head of hair which is upon you', Echtrae Chonnlai 121 § 5 . b.¤ (.i. gruag), ZCP iii 378.18 (B. na f.). as caomh ┐ as find an b.¤ fil for L. . . . bidh é a ainm óniu amach, Findbarr, BNnÉ 12 § 9 . an b.¤ bachalldacht, Ir. Review 1912, 471 § 1 .

(e) helmet, tiara, diadem: saraballa i.e. tyara uel b.¤ , Thes. i 2.11 . b.¤ gl. tiaras, Sg. 70a20 . b.¤ gl. pellium (i.e. pilleum), 95a6 . b.¤ gl. cassis, 67b6 . casuss (leg. cassis) [.i.] b.¤ , Laws i 32.20 Comm. b.¤ bís am cenn in rígh gl. eobarr, Ériu ii 4 n.49 . an ingin . . . ┐ b.¤ ōrda for a mullach, ZCP iii 459.22 . tathuigid in mb.¤ . . . .i. mionn n-oir bis for cionn ind rig, RC x 218 § 8 . See cathbarr.

(f) crop, produce: See Wagner, Ériu xx 180. buide beus b.¤ Feimin `Feimen's crop', Lament 13 . gort geal nach bí fá bh.¤ , Aithd. D. 62.5 . b.¤ dreasa durrthoigh, IGT Decl. ex. 1210. ní fhuair b.¤ ón deachmhaidh dhíbh `he found no fruit on a tenth of them' (of vines), PBocht 7.16 . b.¤ cnó . . . / ar choll, O'R. Poems 161. ar bharraibh aipche ┐ anaipche an tíre, AFM vi 2186.x . a mbairr ┐ a nguirt do mhilleadh, iv 856.2 . ? bretha bairr ┐ maigne, Laws iv 188.8 (`judgments concerning tree-top and field'). beich thetechta (sic leg. cf. 180.16 ) gaibte b.¤ nemid swarms that settle on the crop of a n. (?), 184.z .i. gabait i mb.¤ craind uasalneimidh, 186.30 Comm. Fig. ar [an] gcrábhadh do bhiadh b.¤ , DDána 3.5.

(g) Gramm. enclitic (demonstr. or emph. pron.): fearsoin, fearsin, lochdach gach b.¤ dhíobh, óir ní cóir b.¤ gan shunnradh (i.e. the demonstrative suffix may not be used without the article), IGT Introd. 7.26 . ag oireamhuin don fhocal bhíos roimhe bhíos an b.¤ madh cáol no leathan é, mar atá an fearúd . . ., mac an fhiriúd, 32 § 149. réd neamhshubsdainteach an b.¤ , ibid. ní cháoluigheann focal le b.¤ ar bioth achd le b. innsgne an emphasizing pronoun , § 150 . ón Tadhgsa . . . an b.¤ iomchras an sunnradhsin it is the enclitic that takes that defining element, § 15.

(h) Fig. top, climax, end; crown, supremacy, preeminence, transcendence: benait . . . / b.¤ find for slúag enair bring to a triumphant end, Fél. Jan. 31. Andreas . . . / dobeir b.¤ . . . / Nouimbir for slúagu, Nov. 30. na trí bairr for Érind .i. b.¤ dés ┐ b.¤ scoth ┐ b.¤ measa `the best of corn crops (?)' (Gloss.), BDD² 609 f. ishe thall a mb.¤ / do choic coicedaib hEirenn deprived of their supremacy, Rawl. 163b3 . ar bháidh is ar bh. ceiníl, MS. Mat. 565.40 . a mb.¤ . . . / tarla ag Róis ó ráonsgolaibh `R. was given the palm', O'R. Poems 221. gan b. ionnta acht ar áirmheas `have no other point of superiority', Content. vi 50. ní bhiadh b.¤ againn san ccéim-se ar na beathadhachoibh allta superiority , Desid. 1550. bárr óm dhuinese ag duine ní thárla none ever bore off the palm from, Hackett xl 115 . le b.¤ luais `by surpassing speed', Ir. Review 1913, 625 § 21 . le bárr neirt, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 352.12 . ba b.¤ aithméla a crowning cause of regret, Caithr. Thoirdh. 27.35 . le b.¤ gaoise `excessive wisdom', Content. xvi 98.

With beirid, do-beir: is tusa féin bheir b.¤ seirbe orra uile who exceeds them in discordance, SG 287.22 . go rugadar bárr ainbhfeasa ar gach droing d'eiricibh, Eochairsg. 1.17 . nach béarthaoi a b.¤ ar theagh that she might not be surpassed in the matter of (her) house, Content. xxviii 48. go bhfuil ní éigin sna daoinibh eili tré mbeirid ar mb.¤ , Desid. 2055. nocha ttainicc roimpe dia cineadh aoinbhen rug b.¤ a maithessa, AFM iii 580.12 . b.¤ Néill do thabhairt d'Fhéidhlim `putting F. above N.', Content. vi 246.

(i) Of an individual, one who is preeminent, chief, leader : in [b. buadhach] Benéan, Leb. Cert. 112.12 . Patraic b.¤ Breg, LL 15538. Brighid Bhreagh [as] bh.¤ na n-ógh, DDána 42.46 . b.¤ na n-uile `the Lord of the world', Aithd. D. 75.6 . aon bh.¤ áigh cloinne D., AFM vi 2240.1 . ní fríth . . ./ a bh.¤ do chéile comhluinn his superior, Content. xiv 25.

(j) more (than, AR); excess, overplus, addition: iarr féin b. air sin more than that, O'D. 714 (H. 3.17, 522) (scribal note). Cf. cuir b.¤ air seo, O'Gr. Cat. 111.31 . b.¤ ar sheachtmhoghat bliadhan more than 70 years, MS. Mat. 568.6 . fiche bliadhain is bárr re chois, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 342.21 . bárr daoine `excess of numbers', ITS i 154.12 . b.¤ uaidh ar a heolchuire it increased her grief, DDána 20.41 . an b.¤ freagra fuarobhair the additional answer, Content. viii 11. gá fios an bhfuil b.¤ aimsire agad? more time, Mac Aingil 927 . gach ní do mheasfadh do dhul a mb.¤ glóire . . . dhō, Parrth. Anma 3646. mile se cheud ┐ b.¤ tar ceithre bliadhna deg more than 1,614 years, Luc. Fid. 5494. Attrib. g s. na connsuine bhairr sin those additional consonants (in rhyming group), IGT Introd. § 27. se céd décc is bliadhain bhairr, AFM vi 2236.8 . buannadha buna ┐ bairr, v 1686. 3 .

do b.¤

(i) in addition: mo mallacht ┐ mallacht Dia do bárr, O'Gr. Cat. 123.2. ní théid soil . . . do bh.¤ a ccomhardadh ar bioth an additional `s', IGT Introd. § 24. fuilngeann an connsuine bog connsuine chrúaidhe ┐ theanna ┐ édtroma mar áon ris do bh.¤ san chomhardadh a mbí, § 25. cuirim an connsuin[i]si do bh.¤ , § 28. díomas do bh.¤ cean im chionn as well as (other) sins, DDána 44.7 .

(ii) In RSClára, for the purpose of: do bh.¤ dherbhtha ┐ ghlaine na Sethar ( = `for the more surety and purity of the Sisters'), RSClára 93a . do bh.¤ daing- nighthe do rinnes proifesion air sin ( = `for more security'), 40a .

With follg. AR as well as : do bh.¤ ar gach ní dá ndubhramair, TSh. 3266. do bh.¤ ar bhuain na habhla, DDána 6.8 .

? ce ni lomardais tre b.¤ mo da no dim chinn, Blathm. 94 § 17 (` in addition '), but see Ev.Inf. (GTh) 465 n. 28 .

For phr. feras b.¤ see feras.

Compds.

(a) With nouns and vnn. ná measadh sí gur barrabhaois . . . ár gcúis exceeding folly, Ó Bruad. iii 226.9 . fá bháirr-chíos gé bhíodar excessive tax, Keat. Poems 926. guth ar barr-crith trembling, BNnÉ 152 xx 4 . barr-ḟéile (: fand-éirge) exceeding generosity, Metr. Dinds. iii 110.12 . do balcbuain barrghabháil `a mighty reaping', Blathm. 372. airinig creduma impe co mbarridaib argit `top-rings', Ériu iv 30 § 21 (cf. stiallaib, LU 10124 ). an bairrísli do bhí a coill, IGT Decl. ex. 172. ní fál gan bharrshlait síol S. `top-rail', O'Hara 1051. a dam ar mbéin barrthuisligh tripped (?), IGT Decl. ex. 419.

(b) With adjj. do buar Banba barraidble mighty, towering B., LL 27558. di ṡlúag Berba barr-bricce `dappled', Metr. Dinds. iii 172.72 . re chéibh mbarrchlaoin waving, DDána 105.23 . fo cosma ilius na clethi . . . isi bund-remar barr-cael tapering, Laws v 28.7 Comm. tiara uerticale .i. barrchrumbac (barchrumbac, MS.) Thes. i 1.7 . an tAos-óg aibhriosg, bháirreudtrom thoughtless, Donlevy xviii 24. Connachtaigh na gcorn mbairrfhiar with curving edge, DDána 105.27 . ar maccan brigach barrfind, Thes. ii 291 § 6. ri betha barrglais, SR 1033. dod chéibh bharrúrthais `soft fresh hair', Aithd. D. 41.21 . don Banba barrbilig, Ériu iv 104 § 49 (blattbilig, v.l.). eilte . . . barrachluasacha point-eared, ITS i 16.27 .

With verb. ¤lasaid: bántor noco mbarrlass `blazes to the summit', Studies 1920, 418.10 .

1 bil

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bil or dil.ie/5877

Forms: -e, bili, bile

n f. g s. -e. a d s. also bili. See ZCP vi 438. rim, border, edge: bile gl. urla (cf. orla, orlum, orlus, Du Cange, urlo `to border,' Med. Latin Word-list, J. H. Baxter and C. Johnson), Ir. Gl. 191. Usually of shields: imma chromscíath . . . cona b.¤ áithgéir ailtnidi, TBC-I¹ 1917. crandscíath . . . iarnae fair co mb. chotut (sic) chondúala with a hard . . . edge, BDD² 810. dondscíath . . . co mb.¤ finddruini, LU 6560 (= TBC-I¹ 2045 ). bil chondúail crédumai, 8638 ( FB 47 ). b.¤ fri b.¤ (of warriors marching), 8705 ( FB 53 ). a chind do bualad dar b.¤ in scéith ar n-uachtur, LL 10738 ( TBC-LL¹ 3779 ). do scíath go mb.¤ óir (`golden rim', Manners and Customs iii 457.32 ), 10921 . tug urchar . . . cor ben a mbili n-uachtarach a sceith `upper rim', TTebe 4889 . cæcoit sgīath gu mbilib (n-imlib, v.ll.) ōir impu, ZCP iv 33.3 . co raibhi ar bile sceth Fir Diad, TBC St. 3241. sciath . . . cona bili orloiscthi fora drumthimcheall `its burnished rim', Aen. 1959. conda-sesguing a sgiath oda bhili go broin (= ō a bhili ?), RC xiv 256 § 2. co rascailt a sciath o bili co bord, TTebe 4276 . cor' bris in sciath o bili co brón, Acall. 6943 n . o biledhaib na mbrecsciath, Ériu viii 44.33 . Other applications: for a b.¤ `upon its (sc. a chess-board's) rim', Fianaig. 14.13 . brugh bile goirmdhéise is geal , DDána 119.36 . dá madh liom Alba uile / óthá a broine go a bile, Measgra D. 46.2 . ? (of `necklets' made of tripe) cona secht mbille do blonaig bruithi, MacCongl. 89.13 . ? lecca huara iar n-aire / baile for barrḟinn bile, AU i 392.13 .

Compd. (of a diadem) bil-cimsu oir deirg fris `borders', CCath. 4704.

bolgán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bolgán or dil.ie/6358
Last Revised: 2013

n o, m. (1 bolg) belly, midriff; middle, centre; bag: bolgan .i. buillscén no meadhón, O'Cl. ro ghabh nathraigh mbí ar b.¤ (bolccán, v.l.) ina glaic `by the belly', CCath. 4194. peata reithe . . . ┐ bolgān glē-geal aige, Feis Tighe Chonáin 508. In comic name: meic bolgāin buic bánghlain ` midriff ', MacCongl. 35.4 . gearán . . . na ttonn . . . re taobhaibh ┐ re bolgánaibh na leathánluinge bulging sides, Dhá Sgéal Art. 1050. go bronn-lár nó go b.¤ na bruidhne sin `very centre' (Vocab.), TSh. 6649. coa mbolganaib up to their shafts (?) (of spears), LL 10005 ( TBC-LL¹ 2952 ). ras-gabastar chuci ara balcb.¤ (a spear), TTr. 962 ( LL 31773 ). ar bolganaib a slegh ┐ ar imdornaib a cloidem, Ériu viii 32.23 . an b.¤ soighiod = quiver, Isaiah xvii 6.

In phr. b.¤ belc(h)e, see belc(h)e.

2 bonn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 bonn or dil.ie/6386

n o, m. coin, piece of money; groat (see Stud. Celt. ii 120 ): deich mboinn = ten pieces of silver, Luke xv 8 . leth-b. ar gach en tech do Tuaith Ratha (an assessment made by Máedóc of Ferns), BNnÉ 247 § 200 . b.¤ ┐ uinge d'ór a mBaile an ghleanna (in list of tributes, rents, etc.), Hy Fiach. 457.9 . da bond a mBaile i Leathain (item in rental), Trans. RIA xv 37.11 . b.¤ sa nga (fine levied for a missing spear), L. Chl. S. 31. nī fhuil ēnbh. d'iomorcaidh `a groat's worth' (Gloss.), O'R. Poems 2246. go ttabharthaoí dá mhart ar an mb.¤ , AFM v 1432.2 . b.¤ beó appar. of coin with the appearance of quicksilver , see béo and cf. bonngal (bonn geal ) in Ware's Annals 1563 , AFM v 1432 n. b ; `white groat', Stud. Celt. ii 122 - 123 . nach aithnighit . . . in b.¤ tar in pingin ná in pingin tarsin mb.¤ (scribal note), O'Gr. Cat. 119.27. an cerrbach a taibeirne ag ól luacha an buind, BCC 85. With defining gen.: bond baistte (baptismal offering), BNnÉ 265 § 230 . bonn baisdeadha, Ériu v 98.37 . b.¤ chroise caoíle, L. Cl. A. B. 43.1 ( Stud. Celt. i 6 § 5. `cross-keele groat', featuring a wire-line cross, ii 120).

Later also medal: b.¤ `a medal or coin', b.¤ búidhe `a yellow medal', bon ruadh `a copper or brass medal', P. O'C. dia mbaoi b.¤ gach aiste im láimh `my hand held each essay's prize' (of contest in a bard's school), Ó Bruad. ii 102.8 .

bord

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bord or dil.ie/6404

n o, m. (OE loanword with infl. in some usages of ON, Bidrag 43, 121. See also Mod. Lang. Notes 1944, 476 .) b.¤ m., IGT Decl. § 67.

(a) edge, side, border, brink. Of land, terrain, etc.: Buichet buird Breg, ZCP viii 262 § 12. b.¤ ro (= re) L. beside (?) L., Arch. Hib. ii 85 § 42. co b.¤ in Montig `edge', Ann. Conn. 1247.7 . ar b.¤ Droma Cliab, 1278.3 . d'iath Banbha na mb.¤ n-oirrdhearc, O'Hara 1533. ar chosnumh na mb. mBréifneach `borders', Magauran 3241 . docum buird na clasach `edge of the entrenchments', CCath. 2489. o b.¤ tuaiscertach mara Torrein shore , 3019 . dar b.¤ in daire, Acall. 1944. in med soillsigter don b.¤ ichtarach ar a primh (of the moon), Ir. Astr. Tr. 90.13 . im b.¤ na habund `on the bank of the river', RC vi 176.4 . b.¤ gach átha brink, IGT Decl. ex. 993. tar bh. an bháre over the line of the goal, RC xxix 116 § 13. ba leis in Banba 's a buirid (buird, v.ll.: uird), xlvii 303.17 . Of constructions, buildings: ós bhórdaib a glanghrianán ` eaves ', SG 111.41 . bláith sliombuidhe a buird 's a bruaich (in praise of a castle), DDána 119.7 . Of ships board; side, gunwale, bulwark: do c[h]engladar na tēda righne . . . dona ruadborduib, ML² 682. doroich long muinteri Cesair b. fria b.¤ risin luing `side by side with the ship', CCath. 2055. cach mb.¤ ┐ cach leth don luiṅg (` plank '), TTebe 1995 . b.¤ na luinge, Acall. 7000. for b.¤ in curaig `on the gunwale', RC xiv 48 § 55. tiaghaid asteach ar b.¤ loinge `on board ship', Fl. Earls 8.6 .

In phr. tar b.¤ (cf. rola tar b.¤ na loingi san fairgi `threw him overboard', Aen. 1000. luid dar b.¤ `she leapt overboard', Metr. Dinds. iv 4.27 ): dorochair dar b.¤ he was killed, MacCarthy 186.7 . cuirfidh badhbh beadhg tar b.¤ will spring overboard (i.e. will alight, go into action on the battlefield ?), ML 122.10 . da marbhar C. / ni mu[irfet] duine dhá és, / nocha dtiobar lem (bem, v.l.) tar bo[rd] I won't go too far (?), TBC St. 2708. gal co ndechaid tar b.¤ amach valour that flowed over (i.e. that had no bounds), Fél. 262 § 27.

Further applications: co ṅgé[i]s badb dia burd dia blaí `from its rim' (of a shield), Ériu xx 192 § 5. co rascailt a sciath o bili co b.¤ , TTebe 4277 . dar borddaib na carpat, TFerbe 19 . coro dóirt a trí tonna dar borddaib di over the sides (of a vat), 199 . a bhi ar burd ardain handle on the side of a drinking vessel (?) (to a person), IT iii 99 § 165. corn . . . / atá d'ór ina bórduib `in its circumference', SG 138.12 . deich m-bruit co n-a m-bórdaib d'ór gold borders, Leb. Cert. 166.2 . ó bhórdaibh a bróg, Keat. Poems 115.

(b) board, table: toccbuither na buird (= tollitur cibus, Contribb. 240 ), Aisl. Tond. 93 § 2. dobered . . . praind for b.¤ , LB 233b40 . ro tógbad buird altacha órdacha ann `jointed tables pieced together', Fianaig. 56.1 . buird do thoccbail, Fier. 95. co roibhi in bórd ar talmhain do modh na seanndaine (of the Last Supper) (= mensa, Gloss.), Smaointe B. Chr. 3231. 'na shuidhe ar bh.¤ `at table', Dán Dé iv 20 . ag bórd an chusduim, Mark ii 14 (1810) . ar an mb.¤ on the table, TSh. 281. inadh aoibhinn . . . go mbortt marmair, Fl. Earls 208.27 . tig . . . forsan mb.¤ comes . . . to the table, 250.31 . gan teannta búird ná binnse `lacking support of . . . board or bench' (a scribe's excuse), O'Gr. Cat. 34.1. bórd na Comaoine `the Communion Table ', Donlevy 62.21 . mar fhearann buird `mensal land', Keat. i 110.24 . Fig. nocha conair bórd go col not the way of sinful tables (i.e. is not guilty of gluttony), SG 70.22 . Cing Airtur .i. do orrdaig an b. cr[uind] the Round Table , AU i 22.9 . teaghlach glan an geal Bhuird Chruinn, IGT Decl. ex. 1510.

(c) seat, bench: docuir in diuice Sir Gyi ar aenb. ris fein, ZCP vi 39.28 .

Compds. With nouns: dar in mbordbil iarnaidhe (of a shield), CCath. 5324. dom chur síos le bordghail (-ghal, MS.) bháin `bloodless table-fight', Ó Bruad. ii 164.4 . ós bord-imlib in beatha, MR 112.7 . ar Bhóird-lios na Bóinne báine, Keat. Poems 432.

With adjj. (incl. part.): dorindedh blodha beca, bordbrisdi do sciath Sir H., ZCP vi 42.10 . a beilgedh biothfhoda bord-chumag, Hugh Roe² 196.24 . seach bhilibh a sgiath mbóird-gheal bright-rimmed , ML 128.30 . trí locha bord-ghlana with bright banks, 96.2 . bél bórdimlech broad-lipped ? (of a hag), Caithr. Thoirdh. 104.19 . fa mbratachaib . . . bord-nuídi, MR 224.4 . bláithleca bordriagalta smooth straight-edged flagstones (for a tomb), Caithr. Thoirdh. 54.15 .

1 brága

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 brága or dil.ie/6482

Forms: brág(a)e, bráige, brághat, brágha, bráighi, brághaid, braiget

n earlier brág(a)e t. Also bráige. Later f. g s. na brághat , IGT Decl. § 11 (54.13) , see also forms brágha bráighi f. in IGT s.v. 2 brága. Later n s. brághaid, ZCP v 211.5 (Midn. Court).

I

(a) neck, throat, gullet: bráge gl. ceruix, Sg. 50a10 . braga .i. bir-āga. Āige ainm bir. Nō bara āig í ar menci airlig na bragad, Corm. Y 161. braighe no muinél, SG ii 473.43 . to choise hi nglas, to braghat hi slabraith, Bürgschaft 23.4 (cf. Ériu xix 71 § 35 ). Morund nícon ruc breth cin sin ima braghuit `without . . . a chain around his neck', Laws i 24.25 Comm. gaī trīat brāgit . . . ro-loitt . . . féthi do brāgat, Sc.M² 14. in chráeb . . . eter in ṁbrágit ┐ in n-agid, Fraech 202 . ba gilithir snechta oenaidchi a brági ┐ a chnes, TFerbe 44 . ór fo brāigtib, ZCP viii 302.28 . láma cáich dib dar brágait a céli, PH 1697. íar nglenamain cnáma bratan in a bragit when a salmon bone stuck in his throat, LU 4058. tachtad ar brágtib, 2426 . ron tart a b.¤ (: cána) his throat dried up, LL 21168. bat itadaigh na braichti (braigde, v.l.), CCath. 2579. geal a bhrāighdhe bán a b[h]onn, KMMisc. 362.3 . do-ratsat a lama tar braigit araile ┐ ro pocsat a cele, Grail 1094 . dod bhrághaid bháin, DDána 19.11 . an bhrágha dar bhean a glas the neck she (sc. Mary) freed from chains, 7.10 . atá do bhráighe mar thor ibhori, Cant. vii 4. dá nathair nimhe . . . timchioll a brághad, Mac Aingil 2732 .

Of animals, etc. fo brágit cech eich, Fraech 28 . im braigit na cethra, Laws i 142.13 Comm. i mbrágtib na n-ocht mbiast (of infernal monsters), LU 2156 ( FA 22 ). gabhus sí an mhuc ar bhrághaid `by the neck', Oss. vi 142.21 . ar fairsinge a bragat of its (a raven's) craw, O'Mulc. 122.

Fig. of persons: brágha chatha Choirrshléibhe `the vanguard of the troop of C.', O'Hara 1472. (of a warrior) brágha míonmhaicne Míleadh, DDána 73.36 .

Attrib. g s. huball braiget ` Adam's apple, thyroid cartilage ', Bretha 2A . Cf. ar mheall do bhrághad, Keat. Poems 1195. fri huball brāgad in chon, TBC-I¹ 524. cnocc bráget see cnocc. anagaidh . . . tuitim an tsine Ṡeaain ┐ na cat mbraghat quinsy (?), C IV 2, 30vb 17 (see Études Celt. iii 368 § 8 ). esbada brágat, see 1 esbaid.

Of other parts of the body: a cur a mbragaid an lésa neck of the bladder, O'Gr. Cat. 272.9. do chuir an cenn ele don cengal ima bhraighid `across his chest', Stair Erc. 1961. le himurcrachaib na sróna ┐ na bráighedh `of . . . the lungs— the chest' (Gloss.), Reg. San. 21 § ix . ra tescfaitis lim-sa bráigte fer for bráigte fer `trunks of men', TBC-LL² 4708 . (in rhet.) crennait brain braigte fer, 4603 . Hence by metonymy body, person; life (?). In legal contexts: a feronn ria na braighid, a braigh fa deoigh `his land (is forfeited) before his neck, his neck last', Laws iv 264.14 . Cf. a ferunn re na braighe `before his person' (of the order in which distraint is levied upon a debtor), ii 40.25 Comm. co tuctar [a lan] log a mbraigit doib dar a cenn (of selling misbegotten children), iii 540.21 Comm. tri .xx. unga do or . . . ┐ lan logh braghad in treas oeitire `full compensation for the life of', AU i 560.13 .

(b) Extended applications: gabul fo brāigit neck (of a spear), Fing. R. 1011. a dhā c[h]raīsigh . . . co m[b]unc[h]oraib óir deirg im a bhráighdib, ML² 1485. darsin mbragait `over the neck' (of a harp), Lism. L. xiv 32 . braigit na linne millrace , Todd Nenn. 200.5 . (of a sea strait) isin mbráighit cumaing bui eiter in cuan ┐ in fairrgi, CCath. 1379. as don fhocal ēns[h]iolla sin goirthear `bráighe' i.e. the monosyll. at the end of even lines in metre sédna, Graim. 3638. In nn. loc. see Hog. Onom. s. braig- , bragad , bragaid .

II In prepositional phrases. fo braigit na Samhna `at the approach of', ALC ii 134.6 . fa bhrághaid Mhathghamhna in the presence of M., PCT 642. suidhe i dTeamhraigh 'na rígh fa bhrághaid Néill supplanting N. as king, Keat. ii 6263. do thogair D. an mac do b'óige don dís teacht fá bhrághaid a dhearbhráthar, 2841 . foesamh graid flatha tar braigit fini to the prejudice of (?), Laws iv 208. 25 Comm. manab tar braghait fine `against the will of', 288.21 Comm. gerruis clann R. an tslighe tar bhrághuid clann I. `made their way in front of . . .', Rel. Celt. ii 200.28 . tucastar . . . ceithri coisceimenda dochum araile tar braigit na sleg past, Acall. 4734.

In phr. gaibid for (ar) brágait takes prisoner or captive (? lit. by the neck, cf. 2 brága): gabaid [Ísu Críst] for bragaid Sattan, PH 3925. gabais ar braigtib eat uile `took them all prisoners', RC ix 16 § 6.

Compds. With adjj. Eochaid gunnat .i. Eochaid bragfhada, SG ii 473.42 . an gruaidhghil bind brágaitghil, Ériu iv 214.8 . As subst. an bhraighidgheal `the fair-breasted lady', O'Rah. 224.23.

bratt

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bratt or dil.ie/6598
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: brat, brut, brot, braitt

n o, m. See GOI § 80 , § 150 , § 279 . brat m. d s. brut, brot, IGT Decl. § 75. cloak, mantle , see Windisch, IT ii1 214.91 , Shaw, Ériu xvi 200 f . brat a bratio (Lat. brattea) ōn dulind libuir ar a cosmailes diblīnaib. Nō breō .i. tene ar fuit é, Corm. Y 164. brat graece brath in lamminas a tenuitate (βρατυν lamina, Etym. xvi 18.2 , ed. Lindsay), O'Mulc. 126. lend .i. . . . lō find .i. ainm do brut find, Corm. Y 837. brat .i. ba ar fuit .i. ar fuacht, O'Dav. 289. brael .i. brat, Goid. 75 § 30 (Dúil Laithne). amal immetimcheltar nech hua brot gl. sicut pallio amictus, Ml. 121a1 . trisin mbrat find gl. pallio . . . albo, Tur. 55. lenn no brat formtha gl. sagana (sic), Sg. 51b9 . triasin mbrat = clamidem, Lat. Lives 88 § 82. brat forptha `overcoat´ Études Celt. xxii 223 . i lleth a broitt = truncatus habitus, ibid. ticfa tailcend . . . / a b.¤ tollcend his (Patrick's) mantle with a hole at the top, Trip.² 340. atchiu form brat (brot, v.l.) brodrad nais `I see on my cloak the stains of age', Lament 25 . conidtuil L. for a brut `L. slept upon his cloak', Mon. Tall. 155.10 . brat cas corcra fo loí chaín a woven crimson cloak of smooth fleece, BDD² 6. asa brotsom, TBC-I¹ 503. co n-accai in mnaí bruit úani chucai, LU 3336 ( SCC 13 ). brat corcra, Cóir Anm. 55. bruitt forglassa uli impu, TBC-LL¹ 177. brat d'olainn oenchoerach, SG 80.34 . a beand imle bruít dar broind in balbduine, BB 295b25 . isin brut (brot, v.l.) caem corrtharach, TTebe 2437 . cēd brat, cēd matal mōirdhes (items of tribute), ZCP viii 116 § 2. do luigh fa a brat (: mac), DDána 26.31 . i mbrataib loma out at elbows, O'Gr. Cat. 482.13. an chloch uassal ro buī ag comdūnadh a bruit (of a Pope), Fl. Earls 172.29 . triar i mbrataibh bráthardha `in monks' habit', Aithd. D. 75.21 . With qualifying words. b.¤ co n-auib, i forcipul, i filliud, b.¤ luascach, see Shaw, loc. cit. and 3 ó, forcipol, filliud, lúascach.

In more general application covering, cover; cloth, etc. (lit. and fig.): imbet bruit ┐ bīdh food and clothing, Anecd. v 25.4 . ni biad tacha broit na biid ann co brath no scarcity of clothing or food, Goid. 104.8 (Lib. Hymn.). tarla in gaeth [i]na ndiaidh isin bhrut `sail', Lism. L. 2083. bratgal na mbrat siúil risna bennaib, LL 32230 `of the sails', TTr. 1420. co mbrut find `with . . . a white sheet' (of scaring oxen), Laws iii 270.20 Comm. ni coir fo brataib fer forinnet coemdai (of bedclothes), Laws v 132 n. 2 . roir dom . . . .x. mbrait (mbroit, mbrata, v.ll.) mbreccphupaill, Ériu ii 4.16 . bruit derga nó bruit loi .i. pill nó echdhíllat, ib. n. 71 . bruit luaidhe umpu wrappings of lead around them (of defensive spikes), CCath. 192. in brat uair nach nighter `the cloth', Laws i 176.9 Comm. brat roinnte an teampoill = the veil, Matthew xxvii 51. ailiff . . . ar ar n-a himfholach do bratoip saitīn ┐ sīoda hangings, Fl. Earls 172.24 . múir na cathrach . . . d'fholach do bhrataibh dubha, TSh. 5597. le brataibh `with flags', O'Rah. 198.z .

In pl. braitt beca: is air nohailtea iat asa mbratuibh beca `from their swaddling-clothes', Marco P. 36. Cf. ina becbrataib, Blathm. 34.

Fig. in brat uane `the cloak of green' (of new grass, etc.), Lament 21 . a brat líg (of a place), LL 7226 (Hail Brigit 20). brat geal re headh an Faíligh, IGT Decl. ex. 810 . im-rualaid b.¤ dar grēin `has drawn a cloak across the sun' (of a disaster), Ériu xx 194 § 14. b.¤ in aeoir fhuasnadaig, PH 8160. fai bhrat a ccré `under cover in clay', IT ii2 116. 14 . do thréig a brat clúmha an choill / brat ar mac Úna a ḟochaind a shroud on U.'s son, IGT Decl. ex. 1261. fada do bhádur fa bhrut `in obscurity', O'Hara 1189. ar cóir nDé go ndeachaidh brat, DDána 15.9 . sochaide ḟāgbus a brat / icon cōicait imchomarcc (i.e. will be baffled by or work hard at the fifty problems ?), ZCP iv 235.2 . bidh a cin for a lepuidh, bruit, ┐ biud responsibility for his crime is incurred by the harbourer who provides him with clothing and food (?), Laws iv 240.8 .

Other applications: hi ṁbrot glass `in a gray mantle' (of bird's plumage), Thes. ii 290.9 . da ndeach cum na sul . . . faguid brat orro (= tela, Vocab.), Rosa Angl. 310.3 . a cur fó na súilibh ┐ scaoilidh a mbrait ┐ a salchar ` webs ', O'Gr. Cat. 226.28. do thuiteadar na bruit bhí ar a shúilibh = squamae ( Acts ix 18 ), Eochairsg. 85.10 . lind serb do bratoib cuilend `of leaves of holly' (Index), O'Mulc. 815. In phr. bratt boinne placenta : is amlaidh sin gabus in lenam siubal ona teghais .i. on brat boinne, Irish Texts v 38.4 . cinnus is coir in brat boinne d'innarbad da roib fostad air deis in leinim do breith, Irish Texts v 40 § 22 . cuir grainne spuirsi no eorna a n-aigid gacha bliadhna annsa brat boinne, Irish Texts v 36.11 . ? ar is innte fo-gebed a sháith min-arāin; ┐ no bíd ┐ bratt boinni odarda imme, MacCongl.² 21.644 .

Compds. With adjj. caladh B. bhinn bhratduinn `brown-clothed harbours', RC xlix 173 § 28. tar muir mbraitfhinn ` white-cloaked ', Ir. Review 1913, 623 § 4 . fo chír blonci bratgile `of white-mantling lard', MacCongl. 37.34 . M. meic B. bratmhais, ZCP viii 218.z . os Banba bratrúaid ` ruddy-vestured ', MacCarthy 156 § 5 . ingen B. brat-ṡolois ` bright-robed ', Metr. Dinds. ii 78.2 . in ben bratthūaine ` green-cloaked ', ZCP viii 268 § 48. With subst. In follg. with semantic infection of bra lín: sínte a mbratlín (of the burial of Christ) linen cloth, Parrth. Anma 4332. bradlín, 5586 . See 2 blaí, brotbla. breathnas .i. dealg. ó bhratnasc tig, O'Cl. in brat-nellgal oeingheal (of chalk from shields), CCath. 5874 .

1 breccrad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 breccrad or dil.ie/6631

n (brecc): fēr geal co mbreacradh scoth cenncorcra `with variety of purple-headed flowers', RC xiv 50 § 60.

bruinnte

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bruinnte or dil.ie/7127

part. of 2 bruinnid: mand din .i. geal .i. uinge brúinnte, Corm. 29 mánd = manda ōir forloiscthi, Corm. Y 877. arna denam d'or b.¤ `of refined gold', Fier. 140. cona forbrut b.¤ Indecdai welded (?) in Indian style, Alex. 85. Fig. firinne bruinnti, bretheamhanda purified , MR 98.18 .

C

Cite this: eDIL s.v. C or dil.ie/7490

Forms: c

the third letter of the Irish alphabet, and in the Ogam alphabet the fourth letter in the second or h-group, see Auraic. 1182 , IGT Introd. § 4. Irish name 1 coll hazel , q.v.

As regards doubling, phonetic value (presence and absence of voice), lenition and nasalization parallel with t, q.v.

For confusion of lenited ch with th see t. Lenited ch also alternates with lenited g, especially in final position, GOI 78 , 83 .

On the group -cht, which normally resists palatalization, see GOI 76 , 89 , 101 , 135 , 224 and Ériu xii 231 - 2 .

Ir. c originates in IE *k, *kw (Ogham Q), *g (before t, ṡ), GOI 92 , 114 ; *p (before t), 139 ; *nk, 126 ; in Lat. c, qu, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 227 , 230 ; and in W. c, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 23.

In composition voiceless c is found in trócar < tróg + car, frecor < *fret + cor, beiceann < beag + ceann, maiceal < mac + geal , etc., see GOI 86 - 7 , IGT Introd. §§ 25 , 46 , 48 , 103 (see Éigse iii 66 ); voiced c in tecnate < teg + gnáth + de, frecre < *fret-gaire, ac(c)aldam < *ad-gládam, ecal < *eks + gal.

catt

Cite this: eDIL s.v. catt or dil.ie/8392
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: cat, cat

n o, m (Lat. cattus) (a) cat : c.¤ ab eo quod est cattus , Corm. 10 . cat graece catos , O'Mulc. 211 . cat gl. murilegus, Ir. Gl. 499 . bla cat cuili, Laws iii 296.1 . cinmotha coin ┐ cata, i 46.24 Comm. c.¤ bec, LU 1705 . amal as dech téit c.¤ cróich `as a cat makes for cream(?)', TBC-LL² 1840 . Coirpri Cind cait .i. diarbo cenn ca[i]t .i. fuath . . . cait robhaí fora déa, Cóir Anm. 241 . srub chait . . . lasin Carpre (of same), IT iii 189.1 . a barr ḟeoir rossa / dar cossa cait, 93 § 140 . ro thinsat na cait (of preternatural cats), LU 8769 ( FB 57 ). cind chat forro (of Caitchinn), RC xxvi 138.4 . no gormadh . . . na conu ┐ na catu, Lism. L. 4081 . in c.¤ geal , LB 164 marg. inf. cuilén caitt kitten, ib. ionann dál do . . . ┐ don chat ris an luich (of devil and sinner), TSh. 2344 . In repertory of feats (of Cú Chulainn) cles caitt: corpchless ┐ cless caitt, LU 5970 (TBC). 8442 ( FB 30 ). In ogam: linnogam . . . C. (c) (river-name), Auraic. 5683 .

(b) vulva (?) ZCP xvi 278 : amal tēti bott tar c.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 2680 .

As n. pr. m. Scibor ┐ Ibor ┐ C.¤ , RC xi 452.150 . See Corp. Gen. Index.

Compds. With nouns: in catphiast mhor, Lism. L. 3802 = an cait-bhéist mór, BNnÉ 77 § 147 . ¤chenn. In n. pr.: Cairbre C., O'Rahilly, EIHM 159 . risna Caitchennaib Cat-heads , RC xxvi 138.11 .

catúd

Cite this: eDIL s.v. catúd or dil.ie/8396

Forms: catód, cadádh, cadódh, cadúdh, cadogha, cadágh, cadógh

u, m. vn. of con-toí, Blathm. p. 112 n.7 . Also catód. cadádh, cadódh, cadúdh, IGT Verbs § 64 . act of wrapping, entwining : is fuaigél umha re hór / siat ré chéile do chadódh / fear Gallda . . . / 's an plandda geal Gaeidealach unite(?), IGT Verbs ex. 535 . cadúd a chrúb (: dadúd) `his trotters clenched' (of dead pig), Hermathena ci 33 § 40 . nī hairget ┐ nī hōr / blāth na colla re cadōdh, ACL iii 238 § 6 `auf dass man es einhülle', ZCP xx 96 . irrusc olla nobid dogres dia chadud ar a thruaigi (of Senchán), Anecd. i 7.24 `to wrap him up' (?), SCano 223n. as cadadh clúimhe re cnes (: adūdh) `garb of feathers', BS 54.23 . eoin íchtair na fairrge / . . . / bíd choidhche can chadódh / gach n-oidche fan aigéan without covering, DDána 98.3 . leith an chadogha roimhe, agus an leith eile 'na dhiaidh `blanket', GJ iv 82a 34 . cadogha, cadágh, cadógh ` wrap ', Dinneen . See also s. cotad.

1 ceó

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ceó or dil.ie/8696
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: ceo, c., ceoa, ceu, ciá, chia, cíach, cíaich, -g, cíachaib, cíach, ciach, ciaich, chiaidh, chiach, ceó, cíach, ceoa, ceoand, ceouib, ceu

n us. f., later(?) also m. (g s. ceo dermair, CCath. 3694 , in c.¤ , Smaointe B. Chr. 4851 , an ceoa , Rosa Angl. 280.11 ). n s. ceu, Corm. Y 226 . a s. ciá (= cia : dia), Blathm. 100 § 31 (see p. 161), c.¤ (= cia : dia), RC xvii 143.17 (this form also found as g s., GOI 204 ), d s. chia, Ó Bruad. iii 202.12 . In mid. Ir. us. as k-stem (g s. cíach, a d s. cíaich, -g, d p. cíachaib), but also freq. with ceó throughout sg. In late texts somet. with n s. cíach ( cíach .i. ceo, O'Cl. ciach, Anecd. i 79.5 , in ciaich , Marco P. 10 , ? g s. an chiaidh (: diaidh), Arch. Hib. i 83 vi , d s. chiach, Hackett² xlvi 17 ). ceó f. (g s. cíach), IGT Decl. § 97 , m., § 108 (undecl. in sg., pl. ceoa, cf. g p. ceoand, Rosa Angl. 50.8 , d p. ceouib, O'Gr. Cat. 254.24 ). Composition-forms cíach-, ceó-. See ZCP vi 437 .

(a) mist : ceu graece ceus .i. nubs (= nubes?), unde bith cē, Corm. Y 226 , O'Mulc. 219 . ro artraig in ceo druidechta, LU 8531 ( FB 39 ). is iat dodróni in smúitch.¤ ndruidechta sin, 6749 . con n-accamár . . . in tromchíaich máir, 9244 . dech do ṡínaib ceo, LL 345a14 . cid at-chíu / tresin céo (: gléo), MU² 415 . búi do mét na cíach, CCath. 471 . cona ceō uscaide, MacCongl. 123.15 . tre chiachaib, TTebe 597 . dorn im cheó (prov.), Laud 615, 23 (cited Meyer Contribb.).

With prep. I N- of confusion, perplexity, uncertainty : nim lot i ciá (restored as ní imlod i ciä) `I was not befogged', Blathm. 100 § 31 . urcur anfis fir hi céo, LU 3864 ( SCC 38 ). gubreth i céo, RC xiii 462 § 65 . tria cheó ngó (: beó) `cheating illusion', Metr. Dinds. iii 220.51 .

Attrib. g s misty, impenetrable : in dorcha ciach, CCath. 3962 . na trí neoil chiach, SG 230.34 . tromfhlechadh ciach, Stair Erc. 481 . i coepaib cíach cíar in masses of dark mists, Ériu iv 132.10 . inis na cuantaoibh ceo, Keat. Poems 325 . Fig. scaoilfead aithcheódh ciach na gceast, Celtica ii 179 § 82 . See dall.

(b) fault, stain, blemish : nír fhás . . . ceo ar do chlú, DDána 21.30 . mé ó chiaigh na fola fóir, A. Ó Dálaigh xxi 11 . Freq. in phr. cen ch.¤ of persons, etc.: in corp rolaad . . . / for lige lór Helessé / atraracht cen cheo unharmed , SR 7183 . rítheagh geal Coimdhe gan cheo faultless , Aithd. D. 62.18 . ro cherbhus in láoch gan chíaidh, Duan. F. i 19.17 . gnáthchuimhne air sin diagh a ndiágh / coimed gan ciaigh iad duinn, Ó Héodhusa 247.16 .

(c) gloom, sadness, grief : coe (ceu, v.l.) bachi dī .i. mor uar (leg. monuar) a bachi, ł dirsan sain a bachi 'the grief of Bacchus, then, i.e. 'alas, O Bacchus', or 'that is sad, O Bacchus' ' CIH ii 610.30 , iii 1072.3 , O'Mulc. § 213 , CMCS lix 29 . tréig do mhaoithchiaig `quit dejected melancholy', O'Gr. Cat. 457.9 . re béin cloinne a ciaigh, A. Ó Dálaigh viii 8 . damhna ciach, Ériu xvi 133 § 21 . máthair chúisi mo choimhchiadh, Ó Bruad. ii 120.23 .

(d) Various Fig. and extended applications: ceo crini `a mist of withered eld', TTebe 2705 . glenn . . . iarna dorchuguth do chiaich an báis, Aisl. Tond. 96 § 1 . amal chíaig do rigbrudin smoke, LU 6476 (BDD). fó cíaigh fó corthair thened, TTr.² 156 . crú an bhuinnse . . . / 'n-a cheo ar do chronn `covering', PBocht 5.23 . beanaidh ciaigh don fhíoch fholaigh, O'R. Poems 3486 . ar luighe ceo ar ghrís `when dust had settled on embers', Content. xiv 19 . céo for a derca (of the soul in hell), Aisl. Tond. 99 § 3 . th'airm curadh go gceo nimhe. DDána 97.39 . ná tréig an Coimdhe ar cheo for what is illusory, 45.10 .

Compds. With nouns: nó go dtuitidh an ciach-bhrat . . . anúas orainn (i.e. the sky), ML 102.27 . ciachbrat codalta, Ériu iv 50 § 5 . le ceóbhrat tinnis scale (on the eye), Párl. na mB. 3447 . térnam ó chiachbrot chumad gloom , O'Gr. Cat. 476 . ? dememsatár claidib cech uí muinter céochlessaib imbret . . . (rhet.), LU 5467 = coechlesaib, TBC-I¹ 991 . ós cheochuan `misty bay', O'Hara 4051 . ? la ciamdorcacht na hoidhchi, Grail 1212 (ciaid ndorcha, v.l.). tug ar chroidhibh ceoidhiamhair, DDána 118.1 . mo cheotuirse cléibh, Keat. Poems 93 . With adjj.: tar chisealaibh . . . ciach-bhraonacha na g-caladh `misty-dripping', ML 46.31 . crábhadh nár cheodhoilbhthe clouded by mist, Ó Bruad. iii 48.2 . fo cnocuibh ciachdorcha, Stair Erc. 1608 . a chraoisioch . . . ceoi-neimhneach, MR xiv 32 . Note also: ceóbera di far mór-dí belgib brassaib (rhet.), LU 6642 .

cláen

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cláen or dil.ie/9306
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: Cuilín

adj o, ā

I

(a) uneven, crooked, sloping; aslant, bending, stooped; curving, curved : dosroraind . . . cona deilg. Sīa īarom rosīacht a dealg ūaithe sair a bēlaib oldās dar a hais sīar. Is aire is clōen ind less, Corm. Y 502 . clóen ind ráth dind leith adiu, RC xiii 462 § 65 . in chuirn chláoin curved(?), IGT Decl. ex. 356 . a bheith claon nochar chás duid `its laying low troubled thee not' (of a severed head), PBocht 14.35 . ? Fig. mo chiall ata claon, Atlantis iv 180.31 .

(b) Freq. of hair waving (?) flowing (?): folt claon, DDána 96.33 . ciabh dhaghcruinn n-a cuaichleirg claoin, Magauran 1001 . is camarsach claon . . . / a carn-ḟolt, Keat. Poems 65 .

(c) Of eyes, squinting: Finan Cam . . . .i. cloen a rosc, Fél. 112.23 , Gorm. Apr. 7n. dā mac imleasan . . . ┐ sīat clǣna, TBC-I¹ 2612 . gura bhris in suil claein, MR 36.13 .

As epithet: a trian ro charsat Conall Cloen batis cloín cot acallaim, LL 13522 (Thurn., ZCP viii 72 ff. q.v., would translate hump-backed ). Conghal Caoch, no Claon, AFM an. 624 . co tard beach . . . a neim for mo leth-rosc-sa, gura claen mo ṡuil. Congal C. mo ainm ar sin, MR 34.12 . an Giolla claon Ua Ciardha, tigherna Coirpri, AFM ii 1092.11 .

(d) In moral sense, iniquitous, perverse, unjust, biassed: cil .i. claon no cutruma, O'Dav. 467 (? leg. écutrumma). nate ni clóin gl. (numquid iniquitas apud Deum?) Absit, Wb. 4c17 . in miscuis clóin, Ml. 46d10 . inna mbritheman cloin, 103b17 (brithem, MS.). adbar inna combartae cloine, 71c6 . is gó flatha do-ber sína saíba for tūatha clóena. ZCP xi 82 § 25 . scítha láma indrosc (sic leg.?) cloína unjust demands(?), LU 10884 (TE rhet.). ingena cloína Cain, LL 17437 . nírbat santa[ch] immun mbith / nō for ind nim (leg. indiub) chlóen, ACL iii 312 § 6 (indium, in nem, v.ll.). gan beith fa chomadaib claena `unjust conditions', MR 120.26 . freasdal a gcor gclaon `crooked wiles', Aithd. D. 52.3 . ainic nach claon do chathaoir `lest your poet's chair be partial', Content. v 186 .

(e) c.¤ fri (chum, do) prone to, inclined to: atá ar gcolann claon ré déanamh an uilc = prona est ad malum, TSh. 2916 . an drong beirthear faoi stiúradh na plainéide so bíd . . . geala, claon chum beith fionnchrothacha, Corp. Astron. 70.8 . biaidh an bhliadhain sin claon chum síothchána, 3 . na peacaidhe is mó d'a bhfuilmíd claon, nó tugtha, Donlevy 270.24 . atá sí laig-bhrígheach ┐ claon chum uilc, 210.26 .

(f) In metrics, uneven; without accordance, imperfect : is airi didiu asberar clōinrē, fobīth is clōen ma doberthar um nī, ūair it troma a trī oldati a dóu, ar it chōic dīalta fuilet a clōinré, amail rongab fīanamailechar, Corm. Y 447 (p. 37.21) . dunadh c.¤, amail ata . . . ar Muiri ┐ ar Martain (final line of a poem which began with `tangadar'. -tain does not adequately echo tan- therefore the conclusion is c.¤ or lochtach), IGT Met. Faults § 145 . áenghuthaighe is í fa dhó ... bidh cláen 'the same vowel occurring twice ... it will be incorrect', Celtica xxvii 58 § 3 . See also cláenaid and comardad (c).

Adv. in fer fodrácaib co claen the man who has left it crooked, uneven (of a house), LU 8391 ( FB 26 ) (opp. to co diriuch). is amlaidh ata Stodiaca gu claen ┐ an speir lan mor go direach, Ir. Astr. Tr. 126.13 . an tṡlat iarainn ṡaighes go claon `which goeth ouerthwart', RSClára 125a .

II As subst. o, m.

(a) stoop, slope, slant, inclination : sleagh do chur 'na chroidhe, / claon do bheith 'na bhrághaid (of Our Lord), Ir. Syll. Poetry 36 § 17 . do filleadh call tar a chláon, IGT Decl. ex. 910 . is binne donál na bhfaol / ná gach claon chuireas tú id ghuth (to a snoring bed-fellow) every twist(?), Measgra D. 5.24 . for c.¤ slanting, inclined : is for clóen in pars ochtarach for laim clii `the upper part is inclined on the left hand', Thes. ii 254.19 (Stowe M.).

(b) iniquity, obliquity, deception, injustice; perversion, error : inda leu som nis roissed imned na erchrae dogrés a soinmigi a cloinaib `though they are wicked', Ml. 39c34 (cf. Pedersen, ZCP ii 379 ). ara tintarrad ō chlóen / tūatha Hérenn do bethu `from iniquity', Thes. ii 314.1 ( Hy. ii 18 ). tír . . . / inná ráiter gó ná cloen, LU 3742 ( SCC 34 ). etarscara fri cach claen `severance from every obliquity', Laws v 118.7 . dia scarad fri clóen fri col, Metr. Dinds. ii 14.72 . ar cech óen ro chí / a chlóen for bith ché `his wrongdoing', Murphy Lyrics 27.6 = a chin, ACL iii 232 § 6 . bī-siu do rēir Chrīst cen claon, 313 § 9 . dia mbat rī bit rīghcerdach / ní oirdni nach claen, 314 § 30 . bothan derrit diamarda / do dilgud gach claoin, Ériu i 138.3 . ní bhí claon na cheirt-bhreathaibh, A. Ó Dálaigh xxxi 9 . gan claon n-agra tar eolus `without partiality of argument in violation of fact', Content. viii 7 .

(c) Very common in names of metrical faults in the sense of any departure from the correct form: na lochta is coitc[h]eand teagaid in gach aisdi don dan .i. c.¤ comhardudh ┐ c.¤ uaitne ┐ ataid na claenreanda romhaind . . . ┐ c.¤ airmh[e] ┐ c.¤ airde ┐ c.¤ comhaimsearda ┐ c.¤ crichadh loc[h]tach ┐ dunadh loc[h]tach, IGT Met. Faults § 1 . trefhocul gan chlaen dona trí claenaib .i. c.¤ creiti .i. . . . c.¤ cuibdiusa . . . c.¤ ceille, O'Curry 1031 ( H 3.18, 433 ). Cf. cobfighe celli .i. co rob inunn ciall día nasneis o thosach co diaid in raind .i. na raib claen and, IT iii 30.7 . c.¤ áirme an irregularity in enumerating : c.¤ airmhi, amail ata . . . a tri no cuig no ceathair (because of the perversion of the natural order), IGT Met. Faults § 31 . c.¤ comardud a faulty internal rhyme: c.¤ comhardudh (leg. -daidh? Or claenchomhardadh? ed.), ann seo: Nocho n-oil agh ara orcur / re grain act ge cromthar ceann (i.e. the rhyme between agh and grain is faulty and it is the presence of the `i' in grain that makes it so), § 2 . c.¤ creitte error in the framework of the stanza: c.¤ creite i ndian oireng, amail ata: flaithe niamdha / daine sgiamda cland Conchobair. Lochtach sin, uair ní dleseadh focul beith edir sgiamdha ┐ Conc[h]obhor, § 39 . (On cláen creitte see Stud. Celt. ii 178 .) c.¤ cuibdiusa faulty end-rhyme: [trefhocul] can cloen cuibdiusa. Gabiam la seise soirche / Seotu sochraide soirthe / Ria ndul issin fargge / Gleam ar lessu re n-aidche. .i. soirthe ┐ aidche exemplum, Auraic. 5086 . c.¤ senchais error in historical fact: c.¤ seanc[h]ais, amail ata o Cuind no o Colla no o rRoigh no o Nell no o Duach do dhenaibh do righ d'fearaibh Muman ach duine beas gael riu. O Mogha no o hEmir no o Cais no o Bloid no o Tail do denaibh do dhuine do Leith Cuind acht do dhuine bheas gael riu, IGT Met. Faults § 98 . nir chan gó na c.¤ senchais (sic leg.) riam, MacCarthy 408.8 . c.¤ úaitne error in consonance: c.¤ uaitne, amail ata Bean do gebhadh ara gradh / geal a lamh leabhar a lem. C.¤ uaitne sin ┐ idir lam [leg. gradh] ┐ lem ata, ┐ edhudh claenas re n-ailm, ┐ i lem ata, IGT Met. Faults § 3 .

(d) With other qualifying genitives: airbert cin [cil-]ceill .i. do denum / cen claon ceille, O'Dav. 49 . tuccus cath, gēr c[h]lāon cēille / do fhlaith Temhra a departure from good sense, Ériu ix 178 § 11 . ar fochal-cae, ar claen conair, Laws v 470.27 Comm. saor dhiongbhas claon na córa perversion of justice, DDána 48.28 . gan chláon n-irsi `pervert not my faith', Ériu ix 6.67 . níor áirmheas le claon sligheadh `in perverse method', Content. vi 140 .

(e) Of people, iniquitous, unjust person : oc ingrimmim inna cloen `the persecution of the wicked', Thes. ii 247.14 (Camb.). fri bás inna clóen `of the wicked', 320.1 (Hy. ii 59 ). ni aurfóemha dana na cloen `the gifts of the unjust', O'Dav. 1610 . a claín trúaig . . . ro scáig do gal, LU 8569 ( FB 43 ).

Compds. With nouns. i gcéibh na gclaonalt `curling hair', Aithd. D. 11.6 . bellum for Cloenath, AU an. 704 (see Ériu xiii 176 ). croidhe gan claon-bheart, ZCP v 208.117 (Midn. Court). Attrib. g s. gan cionnta claon-bhirt, 209.180 . in tan no beiredh claonbreith unjust judgement, Laws i 24.13 Comm. (opp. to breth ḟīr). imon cclaoinbhreith rucc Diarmait ar Colom Cille im liubar Findén, AFM i 192.z . breitheamh breabóideach . . . rug claoinbhreath, TSh. 6788 . ¤-chaingen: claenferta í ngaeldais aíndre / claenferta na claencaingne, BB 351b32 . ¤-chéimm: can ethar nā chlōenchēmim / cingid tar cech ler `without . . . a false step', Ériu iii 14 § 5 ('na chlóenchéimmim `in their perverse path', Murphy Lyrics 17.5 ). linfaid cloencheo cairechda / cech rind reil co rian ruided, SR 8095 . le claoinchealgaibh an aidhbhirseōra, Beatha S. F. 1962 . earrla na gclaoinchleacht waving tresses, Magauran 965 . ni ellastar cloenchleir, LU 1002 (ACC) (.i. . . . na cliara ni-dligtecha, `for indligthecha', edd.). ¤-choma unjust stipulation : cisdi coimeta celg . . . ┐ claenchomhad, MR 260.2 . Eoganachta . . . Áni Loch Léin Casel Cloendabair, LL 16124 . ¤-derc (2 derc): an uair éagfair-se . . . / claonfaidh do chlaon-dearc, Keat. Poems 342 . i comarddus na Cloenfertai tuascertchi, LL 3876 . ataat na dí Chloenḟerta fri Ráith Granni aniar, 3877 . ro marbtha uili i Cloenglais, 28840 . Cuilen na cláenglaise, RC xviii 303.8 (Tig.). claonglonna in gille `wicked deeds', Metr. Dinds. iii 58.65 . Cloenloch. Unde nominatur. Cloen mac Iṅgair, LL 22459 . Cath Claenlocha, RC xvii 136.5 (Tig.). a chionnta ┐ a chláonmhianna, Párl. na mB. 3210 . ¤ míl hare (?) : tosessa lais clóenmíla Cernai, LU 6748 (BDD). geis dō clōenmīla Moighe Sainb do tophand 'it was taboo for him to hunt the hares (?) of Mag Sainb', BDC 106.30 . claennadmanna tolla, O'Curry 1069 ( H 3.18, 441 ). ōn chlaenrāith co Cenannas, Fing. R. 732 (? leg. Chlaen-). dul . . . do Cathair na claenratha bodes, Acall. 6387 . 1 -ré (see 1 ré) wicked life : ciambad lonnbrass digal Dé / fornn ba comadas friar cloenré, SR 3618 . (Cf. Lochlann ii 51 .) 2 -ré (see 3, 4, 5 ré) word or verse of five syllables (so called because it cannot be divided into two equal parts): it chōic dīalta fuilet a clōinré, amail rongab fīanamailechar, Corm. Y 447 (p. 37.x) . claenre . . . is a dho ar indara leith ┐ a tri forin leth n-aili, Auraic. 1422 . clóenré dā inso sis: A rí oirdnide / uasail atamhra / bet suairc do comairli / cuairt cen balamna, IT iii 21 § 63 . See Lochlann ii 51 - 2 . ¤-recht (see 1 recht): concertfa c. for iathu Banba, SG 254.29 (rhet.). ¤-rind (see 1 rind) incorrect end-rhyme : c. i ndebide sgailti, amail ata Mor in sgel Don[n]- do dhul / i nErinn is a nAlbain / bedid mna Gaidheal c[h]adh is Gall / ga c[h]aineadh arna comraind. Ataid da c. ann sin .i. c. isin leathrand tosaich . . . edir dul ┐ Albain ata ┐ c. i[n] deridh edir Gall ┐ comraind ata . . ., IGT Met. Faults § 85 . c. i [n]debhi[dhe] imrind, amail ata . . . righ (g s.): Cuirín, fín (a s.): Cuilín, § 86 . rand idir c. ┐ drochgaidhilg Ata triar conchar ag Cund / Niall is Donnc[h]adh is Domnall (i.e. Cund: Domnall is a faulty rhyme but Domnull would be ungrammatical), § 140 . ataid na claenreanda romhaind, § 1 . ¤-ró (see 1 ró): noem in chotaig ni cloenró it was not an excess due to partiality(?), LL 25382 . claon-rosc, Keat. Poems 319 . ¤ṡirite: cidh don cláenṡíridi ṡiabardha mo ṡárugadh do dhenamh, TBC-LL¹ p. 251 n.3 . Cormac a clōen-Temraich sloping Tara, ZCP viii 264 § 22 . ó phór chaithreach claoinTé, DDána 121.32 . ¤tinn d s.?: tug a cainnt dá chlaointinn ghéir `let loose the bitter tongue of his iniquity', Ó Bruad. iii 212.18 . ¤úall (1 úall): cēim cen chlóenúaill ō Dīabul `without wicked pride', Ériu ii 64 § 7 .

With adjj. th'fholt cas claonbhuidhe, DDána 114.25 . Conall Cloentruag t'ainm festa `the wicked wretch', ZCP i 104.18 .

With adjj. derived from nouns. dfheólaibh . . . ccethnatmolt . . . cclaonadharcach, Hugh Roe² 284.15 . Conall Claenbhraigdech Cernach, Cóir Anm. 251 . egoir Calcuis corpthi claenbhreathaigh unjust in judgment, Stair Erc. 2041 . a Shabhdain colaigh, claenbreathaigh, ZCP vi 59.19 . daoine . . . malluighthe claoincheárrdach `having an evil way of life' (Gloss), Párl. na mB. 1835 . Creon claencholach perverse sinful C., TTebe 4655 . cosin cathraig claincolaig, 251 . ¤dairech of bending oak-trees: san adhbha chlaondairigh ós Bóinn bhraoinealaigh, DDána 109.18 . ó Éirne . . . challghloin chlaondoirigh, Ir. Syll. Poetry 74 § 9 . ar a ccorpuibh corpthe cláonmhíanacha having evil desires, Párl. na mB. 2579 . ar Īsa in ḟuilt c[h]laenrāthaigh, ZCP viii 563 §27 . ó chéimniughadh chealgach chlaonrúnach of evil intent, TSh. 8301 .

With verbs. do-s-claencoraigenn icin aclaid `who makes a false representation at the suit', Laws v 462.13 Comm. claonmharbhfaidh mé m'ainmhianta `I shall mortify', Donlevy 190.16 .

With vnn. claonchorrughadh beag suarach don aithrighe, Trompa na bhF. 2433 . ¤díbirciud: drochcostud . . . do chloīndībircthib la drochdaīni, Sc.M² § 17.4 . iomshlán na míorbhuilleadha . . . do chlao[i]ndhéanamh to counterfeit, Trompa na bhF. 2630 . go ndéin an tsúil amharc aindlightheach, ┐ an chluas claoin-éisteacht biassed hearing, TSh. 3039 . gach cosg ┐ claon-mharbhadh na colna `mortification', Donlevy 126.14 .

1 coilér

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 coilér or dil.ie/10111

n o, [m.] (Engl. loanword. From AN coler, Risk § 12 .). c.¤ m., IGT Decl. § 35 . collar; of armour corselet, neck-piece: alaind do chul tar do choler, IGT Metr. Faults § 56 . c.¤ a sccapail, BNnÉ 89 § 188 . muinéal geal fá choiléar chróchda, Keat. Poems 199 . clārc[h]. cressa . . . fo chóel a chuirp `stout corselet', Fianaig. 84.29 . d'iomad do cholg is do choiléar, Magauran 3233 . cotún coiléìr rionnta, DDána 111.21 .

coimdiu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. coimdiu or dil.ie/10173

Forms: coimdhe, coimdid

n t, m. (con-midethar, cf. Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 102 ). coimdhe (acht gan illrad aigi) m., IGT Decl. § 21 . n s. coimdid, PH 1162 . 1567 . lord, master : nirbu ch.¤ imurgu gl. tamquam famulus, Wb. 33a5 . coimdid .i. assirii gl. domini, Ml. 34a11 . la tuistidi ┐ choimdeda ref. to dominorum, 99b5 . cosc inna-coimded inso arnápforóil acumachte foramogaib, Wb. 27c16 . file chóimmdith leiss, Sg. 29b13 . toil far coimded, Wb. 27c9 . gill a coimded dar a cenn, Laws v 378.4 . glenadh c.¤ a choimdidh, Ériu xiii 20.9 . bá mór coimdhe / Columb Cille, ZCP viii 198.2 . cóimhdhe uim cheathraibh `lord most rich in cattle', Ó Bruad. i 146.11 .

In religious contexts the Lord (later usually in this sense only): ar c.¤ Ísu, Wb. 9d3 . amuch. gl. Domine, Ml. 106c11 . is inchoimded int huile talam = Domini est terra, 45d8 . fo bíth in Choimdeth, Vita Br. 23 . nomchoimmdiu cóima `may the Lord protect me', Thes. ii 290.11 . a flaith comde cain, Ériu i 122.34 ( Coimded, Murphy Lyrics 20.16 ). rítheagh geal Coimdhe gan cheo (: dhoirche), Aithd. D. 62.18 . Cf. coimdhe .i. caoimh Dhía, O'Cl. coimdhe ye trinity, Eg. Gl. 196 .

In n. pr. Gilla in Chomded hua Cormaic, LL 17726 .

comgel

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comgel or dil.ie/11278

adj (gel) (equally, very) bright, fair: na fir coimhgheala .c. ó bheith geal uile dhóibh, Bard. Synt. Tr. 41.17 . ar mo shliastaibh coimgela, TFrag. 10.16 . 'na c[h]orp c[h]omgeal `all-white', BColm. 30.1 . ceinn-berti comgela, MR 266.26 .

? corrfeis

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? corrfeis or dil.ie/12532

n expld. as compd. of 1 corr and 2 feis(s): co tardad drochfurec bec doib . . . ┐ doradad lesainm forsin cill ucut .i. ceall corrfesi, BB 299a22 `of the Wretched Repast', Jn. Celt. Stud. i 204 . cell corrfeisi .i. cell a nebh[tha]r feis co corrach (.i. englas), no coirfeisi .i. coir fiach .i. ar ise coir na fiach cennarraic, O'Curry 2069 ( H 4.22, 67b ). ? Cf. coirfeis f., IGT Decl. § 13 (66.2) . fige na coirptheisi a cur / brugh bile goirmceise as geal , ex. 614 .

Load More Results