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bóaire

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bóaire or dil.ie/6204

n (bó + 3 aire) lit. cow-noble, stock-master, stock-owner: Bairche boare Rossa R., . . . habitabat frequenter cum pecoribus suis, Trip. 422.13 . a tigh Blaithmaic boaire, Acall. 7432. B. . . . boaire Cormaic, Dinds. 113.

In Laws lowest of the three ancient divisions of rank in Irish law, rí, aire febe, b.¤ `corresponding roughly to . . . `king, lord and commoner', Críth Gabl. p. 98. See Mac Neill, Law of Status, PRIA xxxvi (1923) C 267 . The b.¤ belongs to the grád Ḟéne as opposed to the aire febe who belongs to the grád ḟlatha , Laws v 290.14 - 16 Comm. Here grád Ḟéne denotes plebeian as opposed to noble rank of the grád ḟlatha (cf. Críth Gabl. loc. cit.). In a later seven-fold division the b.¤ is second lowest in rank of seven grades of the grád túaithe or `laymen grades,' Críth Gabl. 10 , p. 98 , 99 . The b.¤ was originally the sole grade of the `commoners,' or freeholders recognized by Law, p. 77 , 98 , 99 . The mruigḟer ` farmer ' must be regarded as the ordinary b.¤ , p. 78 . The fodlai bóaireach `divisions' of the b., 16 - 18 , consisting of eight grades, in reality seven acc. to Binchy, who comprise the grád Ḟéne are a later development, p. 99 . The name b.¤ is translated ` noble of kine ' by MacNeill, loc. cit.; the com- piler of Críth Gabl. understands that his status comes from his property in cattle: is dia búaib direnar, 329 ; Binchy prefers Thurneysen's suggstion that the name comes from the `bés' or annual food-rent of a cow paid by the b.¤ for a fief of stock, Laws ii 260.10 , see Críth Gabl. p. 77 and Laws v 392.1 . The b.¤ is described as a man of hereditary property, with land to the extent of (the grazing of) ten cows: bo aire .i. fer selba bunaid, cona inud . . . do tir .x. mba lais, Laws iv 350.17 Comm. ingen in bo-airech, v 286.2 .i. in airi ac-a mbitt ba deach, 290.1 Comm. techta fuillema gill bo cach bo-airech ┐ cach occ-aireach: .iii. bae i cet-dithim a mbo side . . . bo i muin cacha bo otha suidiu, v 402.31 . turcreic bo cona timtach tricha set, cenmotha seotu tur- cluide. Is e bes foloing boaire in sein, ii 260.10 . Of marriage contracts between children of the Féne grade (sc. the b.¤ ) and those of the Flaith grade (sc. the aire feibe), see v 290. 14-16 Comm. : is mo dlegar cethra do bo-airib oldas do aire- chuib ḟeibi, 286.6 . fo-suididter in ben lethda[i]m in fir . . .: Mad ben boairech, fo-suidithter ocairig; mad ben airech desa, fo-suidithear boairig, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 51 § 24. techta fuillema gill aicde airgit cach bo-airech for cuic dairtib direnar, Laws v 396.8 . fo-suidither (leg. fo-suidethar, ed.) boairi(g) an aile one `b.¤' entertains another, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 42 § 20. fosaigidh in boaire in mboairigh aile, Laws ii 380.16 Comm. fer fothlai . . . is é remibí bóairechaib insin, arindí fotlen a bóairechas di thaurchreic céile, Críth Gabl. 249. na seagar im tellach mbo-aireach ach tri haidche bede cora la thuaith (glossed . . . bo-aire ar briugaid sin, 440.7 Comm. ), Laws v 438.23 . cateat fodlai bóaireach? Dá ḟer midboth(a) ┐ óccaire ┐ aithech arathreba a deich ┐ b.¤ febsa ┐ m(b)ruigḟer ┐ fer fothlai ┐ aire coisring, Críth Gabl. 16 - 18 . fodla febe tra: . . . mbruigḟear ┐ boairi tanaisi ┐ ogairi tuisi (glossed . . . taisech na n-ogaireach in boaire is taire, 80.11 Comm. ), Laws v 78.25 . rāidem fēne fírfodlaib / . . . / midbothaig, trí ōcairig, trí bōairig būain, ZCP v 499 § 6. ro saig set clithair enech bo-airech co ruicce cumal n-uinge, no boin nu-da- criad, Laws v 392.1 . dar ferunn in boaire .i. teora foirge ┐ urchar flescaidh, iv 126.10 Comm. acht certorba mboairech (glossed: acht mad ferann in boairech . . . .i. tir .iiii.ri .uii. cumal ro bui oc an boairig is ferr and), Stud. in E. Ir. Law 155.3 . cele tesbaidh do cach gradh . . . bo do bo-eirigh, Laws i 58.7 Comm. b.¤ febsa . . . ar is di búaib atá a airechas ┐ a eneclann, Críth Gabl. 152. ? b.¤ gensa (see genas ): mrugḟer . . . is é b.¤ réire breithe, b.¤ gensa, co cach inchruth a thige inna áttaib córaib, Críth Gabl. 172. b.¤ medónach used of a person who represents the túath or the kin in dealings with a person outside them, or who carries out a seizure of property legally due to the túath or the kin from a person outside. In these external dealings he has the rank of a bóaire though he may have the rank of aire túise in internal dealings: dobeir cenel a slan na n-aidbhean .i. in tan nach biadh tobach. Boaire medonach sin ┐ is edh gabus do laimh, dul tar ceann na tuaithe re cach nduine amach ┐ dul re laimh im cach ní dlighfit amuigh do tobach doibh, ZCP xviii 380. 18 - 21 . (nasgaire) duine teit a nasgairecht . . . etir a fine (sic leg.) budein tall ┐ dara cend amach. Ma gabait a fine é budein a trebaire re laim, a[s] greim airech taisi gabus re a lucht fira itira fine budein tall ┐ greim boairech is ferr gabus tara cend immach, i-lleth re anfine sin, Cóic Con. Fug. 32 § 29.

féle

Cite this: eDIL s.v. féle or dil.ie/21543

Forms: féle, féle

n ,f. (2 fíal).

(a) modesty, sense of decorum or propriety ; in Corm. Y 983 distinguished as an inherent quality from `náire' = transitory emotion : nāre ... .i. in ruidiud tic isin gruaid ... fēile immorro ainm don einech bunaid; derived fr. Lat. velare, ib. 626 . fēle .i. a velo [sic leg.] .i. amal doeim in fial sic ind fēile, O'Mulc. 508 : n s. féle (gl. honestas) Sg 26a13 . (gl. pudicitia) 50b21 . féile et genas Wb 28b11 . g s. féle (gl. verecundiae) Ml 15a14 . a tlás, a fos, a féile (characteristics of a good woman) ZCP viii 112.27 . adbath in ingen do feli ┐ do nairi (when she had been lam- pooned) RC xxiv 278 § 15 . rohéige in ben ... roscar fri féle firthind SR 3216 (of the wife of Potiphar). ferad cach a neimele ... fri ar Coimdid co ṅgelḟéle 8075 . fēili is bochta co mbāine (: léire) ZCP vi 264 § 9 . cedmuintera fialadh (= fiala) na tiagat co cele atarruch. ite mna annsin conoat a fele, O'C. 848 (< H 3.18, 385b ). cethri srotha déc éicsi ... .i. fele ┐ innruccus, etc. LL 30d31 ; cf. feile dano indracus nosditne an file, Auraic. 3309 . romaid cnómaidm da cride ... ar ḟéile ┐ náre TBC 4583 = atbail ar [a] ḟeili sin from the shame of it TBC² 2928 . follogod féile ` forgetfulness of honour ' CRR 38 .

(b) that which causes shame, nakedness, pudenda: ar scath a féile ... tucsat duilli na fiche SR 1359 . in ben dia claite derc ... co ticeth dar a feili (i.e. up to her waist) Cáin Ad. § 2 . ar n[á] aictís féli a n-athar (of sons of Noah) LU 118 . conḟacca a feli uli LB 242b53 . ní chuingem édaige...do dín ar ḟéli Alex. 889 . Cf. Ériu vii 142.33 ; 144.31 .

(c) generosity, liberality: dechenbor dó for féile fledaib 'ten at feasts of hospitality', UR 104 § 5 . fiannus, feile, forsinge, Ériu viii 68.33 . tech Meic ind Óc... | rígda fót fri féle find LU 4126 = Met. Dinds. ii 10 . fuilted féle `increase of hospitality' Thes. ii 295.2 ( SP v 1 ). tossach féli forsinge LL 345b25 . Anecd. iii 16 . tealach feile, Ériu ii 186.18 . ZCP viii 102 (teallach). nochar taisced peinginn ... | do chisti ag C. | acht a bronnud da gach neoch | ar ḟēile ┐ ar enech ZCP vii 304 § 15 . fecht féle, see fecht I (a). firt féli `a miracle of generosity' RC viii 48.20 . do riachtatar a da rosc don ríg ar firt feile, Dinds. 64 . tria firta na feile, Ériu ii 186.19 = tria firt fele ZCP viii 102x . Eochaid na fert féile, Met. Dinds. iii 344.85 . Coirpre ... cenn féli Laighen FM ii 686.3 . féile (opp. to sainnt `covetousness' and defined as: fonn deaghordaighthe neith do thabhairt uaid generosity tem- pered by judgment) Parrth. Anma 240.11 = Luc. Fid. 154.9 . Personified : fuair an ḟéile léan 'na dheoidh sin, Feiritéir 235 .

In concrete sense, a generous bestowal: lasin féli daroni in rí .i. a oenṡúil do thabairt do chind a enig RC viii 48.20 .

fog art ?

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fog art ? or dil.ie/22719

ind consert la feba féne f.¤ geinsiu genas LU 8287 ( FB 22 ; mit Irentugend paart sich edle Keuschheit Thurn.), Sagen p. 35 . rom-alt-sa ... hi f.¤ genussa LU 10312 = a foghart ngenussai ZCP iii 236 § 26 . Leg. fo gart ?

1 genas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 genas or dil.ie/25653

n (<gein, Ped.) u,m. ; later also o,m. purity, chastity : féil(e) et genas (gl. quod decet mulieres), Wb. 28b11 ; de uiduis .i. bíte i ṅgenas, 9d28 . ní frith gáes ná gart ná genus LU 8327 ( FB § 24 ). genmnaide didiu ben aoinḟir. unde genas , O'Mulc. 639 . adrad do genus, LL 371c38 . genus díchurid in etrad, PH 8035 . feidligud i n-ógi ┐ i ngænus, TTr.² 1856 . genus na nGermánach nglan, ZCP i 113 § 4 . genas Hérenn Lann Ela, Triads 31 . geanas (.i. glaine), Arch. iii 12 § 16 . geanas .i. geanmnaidheacht, O'Cl. tingeallais cách díb dia chéli coméit a ngenais, Comp. CC 45.21 . g s. descaid gensa dímaisi ugliness is a good warrant of chastity, Anecd. iii 15.16 . buaid ngenso, LU 10186 . romaltsa ... hi fogart genussa, 10312 . co ngnim gensa ngil, Ériu i 122.11 . mad rogab genso glan barr, ZCP xiii 144 § 1 . d'ḟis mo genais to test my chastity, Ériu vii 229 § 74 . comarba óigi is genais na eclaisi, BColm. 104.27 . g p. bilar thalman na ngenus (humorous scribal note) i.e. meagre fare to induce chas- tity (?), O'Gr. Cat. 134.11.

2 genas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 genas or dil.ie/25654

n (a) procreation, conception ; sexual union (?) : is cutruma is dligthech in lanamain se im genus, Laws ii 358.12 Comm. echlach oides a corp do cach co ro gaib genus till she conceives (?), v 272.4 . Cf. inghinus buaile .i. ni dairther non-conception, O'C. 1099 ( H.3.18, 446b ). isi lana- mandacht uil ataru .i. toīl ocus genus ocus bangnim uaithi-si dosom, Laws ii 350.5 Comm. (?) (Críst) iar clód diabuil ann i tri cathaib .i. hi saint i ngenus hi craes, LB 147b30 . Used of the verendum mulieris: co n-acaidh si fearrdacht a fir ... no gomad he a fear atcheath taem dia genas si, BB 40a2 .

(b) produce (?) : gach manach nāc[h] tiubhrae | a edbairt don ecclais | ... a gort ní rab genas | rob olc gach ní treabhas, ZCP x 44.5 . bóaire gensa, co cach inchruth a thige inna áttaib córaib, Críth Gabl. 173.

3 genas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 genas or dil.ie/25655

n (1 gen) laughter : dorinne ... geanus grainemhail gaire ag fanamhad ... faói, Ériu v 180.311 .

gensa

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gensa or dil.ie/25686

x boaire gensa, see 2 genas .

genus

Cite this: eDIL s.v. genus or dil.ie/25700

x see 1, 2 and 3 genas .

1 lacht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 lacht or dil.ie/29264

n m., g s. -a (see Ériu xiii 161 , Ped. i 228 ). IGT Decl. § 95 milk, partic. cow's milk: linpaite 'na ngablaib . . . / 'sé l.¤ rodasurmaid `that is the milk that filled them', Met. Dinds. iii 220.48 . comet lachta .i. ferrn . . . ar is i coimetas in l.¤ . . . is di doniter lestair imon l.¤ (of letter f in Wood Ogam), Auraic. 5622 - 3 . ibait fíaich lúgbairt l.¤ , LU 4669 ( TBC² 204 ). Glend Táil . . . ar a mét ro thálsat na h-alma a loim ┐ a l.¤ and do ḟeraib hE. ( a l.¤ ┐ a loim ┐ a lemlacht, St.), TBC 1592 . do l.¤ na vii mbó, IT iii 197.7 . rotomlacht cen lúag al-l.¤ , Met. Dinds. iii 166.31 . itir l.¤ ┐ gnimraidh ┐ colainn, Laws ii 66.18 . līnsat Éirinn gan anadh / do l.¤ ┐ do lind-taradh, ML² 57 . do beredh da trian fora lachtaib ┐ fora mbleognaib, D iv 2, 53 rb43 . nemeth bó .i. nem suth .i. suth l.¤ ar is ō l.¤ atā nemtenc[h]us do cethra . . . issed nos-nemtigenn al-l.¤a carnae , O'Mulc. 830e, k . níor lia bó is l.¤ ga líonadh, DDána 113.21 . do réabadh i n-éinḟeacht do ghrán, do l.¤ (of Ireland), Hackett xv 11. l . ag buin ni ḟuil gan trághadh, Keat. Poems 508. teist na báistighe . . . nó an lachta, 699 . Cf. a bo do ni demad certa / cen bad leo a lachta (ló lachta, v.l.), Anecd. i 47 § 5. With descriptive gen. of cow's milk: do l.¤ búair, Met. Dinds. iii 218.27 . do l.¤ bo oendatha, Dinds. 46 ( LL 22404 ). l.¤ bó, O'R. Poems 160 . ar mbreith lachta na loilgech / mar rugsat leo l.¤ in chruidh, Ériu iv 224.2 - 3 . Of human milk: gur hoileadh leat-sa ar l.¤ do chíoch nglan, Keat. Poems 1523. In phrases: laigh a coimetecht lachta sucklings, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 31 n . in cein bit a coimitecht lachta, O'C. 671 ( H.3.18, 328b ). aimser lachta milking season: in uair is aimsir lachta ┐ nach aimsir gnimha, Laws iii 150.21 Comm . bo fri blicht .i. i n-aimsir lachta isin tsamradh, i 126.19 Comm .

Of other animals' milk: leth pinginn ar l.¤ caerach, . . . pinginn co triun pinginne ar l.¤ in gabair, O'C. 345 - 6 ( H.3.18, 191 ). būaid dī all.¤ a lloe (of sheep), Ériu vii 6.26 . do thaladh an eilit a l.¤ aran ccloich, BNnÉ 164.29 . feisi cen l.¤ (sows), O'Dav. 1026 = gan lachta, Auraic. 4543 . amhuil nach fághthar l.¤ ná lomradh ón muic, Párl. na mB. 3148 .

Of (intoxicating) drink: gan trághadh lachta ag teacht san ól soin, E. Ó Rahilly xv 88. Cf. gan lanna gan lachtas (leg. lacht a's?) línéadach, Ó Bruad. iii 14 § 5.

Compds. With nouns. ¤chrodh: lán dod lachtchrodh, milch herd, DDána 114.41 . ní háil leis lón lachtchruidh, Magauran 3542 . With 2 genas: lachtgenus tuinigthi `lacti- ferous udder' (lit. steady milk-production?), MR 100.16 . ¤mag in n. loc. Dál Caiss Leithet Lactmaige, LL 322c27 . Cf. lactmuad, Sc.M² 22a n. (for tlachtmūad, text).

With adjj. ¤milis: sruth l. of sweet milk, RC xxvi 136.12 . ¤trom: l. dúibh an bioth, a Bhriaín `the land flows with milk', Magauran 354 .

téchtae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. téchtae or dil.ie/40277

I Adj. io, iā

(a) legal, due, as prescribed by law, tradition, etc. : inna aimsir téchti `at its legal time,' Wb 23d23 . tēchta `gebührend,' Cóic Con. Fug. 15 § 1 . ni cert menip techta `es ist nicht `genau richtig' wenn es nicht `gebührend' ist,' 23 § 23 . ni techta fair ni bes mo, Laws ii 256.3 . co cuiriud for fiadnaise di athgabail techta `that it is legal distress,' i 102.z . tri basa techta (.i. dlightheacha), Mann. and Cust. iii 107 n. co coingillib techta `with lawful pledges,' Laws i 264.z . ocht nduirn a fot do toimsib laime techta (a legal measure of length), ii 246.8 . cain lanam- nussa techta, i 40.23 . nár choillet ... tara cháin t.¤ , BDD² 921 . fria folta técti, ZCP viii 316.18 . O Neill eile do ghairm dEnri ócc ... ┐ nir bhó techta, FM iv 1200.15 . Eccles. : turbaide techta in domnaig `lawful exemptions of Sunday,' Ériu ii 208 § 32 . do manchaib téchtaib `to proper `manach' tenants,' i 219.5 . urddu téchtai `prescribed offices,' 219.9 . in altóir cona haidmib téchtaib `the altar with its proper utensils,' 12 , cf. BDD² 1355 . Gramm., etc.: ar ba in .is. bá téchte tobarthid do thecht, Sg. 117a5 . trefoclae techtae do filedaib, LU 9787 . tri filidecht techtai, ZCP xii 363.34 .

(b) In more general sense fitting, proper, suitable: ished as técte dúib, Wb 9b17 . anas techte .i. féil(e) ┐ genas , 28b11 . ni techtae totnugud do suidib, Ml 43a11 . air cech ceneliu ciuil honid techtae molad dáe, 51c2 . cona tuirim téchti `with its due attribute (?),' Fél. Ep. 390 . ni techtu dam dal fri fer ... hi fiadnaisi na sethar as sinu andu, LU 10320 . ba techta doibh Feargus ... do thobairt chucu, Ériu viii 174.34 . an techta damh fein ní don péin si d'fulang? Aisl. Tund. 105.22 . aibghitear sunn feibh as teachta a thaithmheach, IGT Introd. 1.1 . cethracha long ... cona congaib thechta, Leb. Gab. 226.27 .

II n Subst., io, n.

(a) In Laws legal rightness, that which is in conformity with law (of dues, fines, etc.): techta iar n-etechtu, Laws i 254.12 . a taisbenad cach techta, cona mesaib ..., ii 248.9 . do somuine nad bid a techta ann `which are not the lawful amount,' ii 316.7 . iar techta ` law- fully ,' ii 362.22 . adragar cach fria techta `all are restrained by their own rules,' iii 14.12 . co tabar techte di magin dian da foxlaiter `what is lawfully due,' iv 202.4 . techta primgene `the lawful firstlings,' iii 38.7 . secht flathe ... na dlegait techta saer-giallna, v 358.1 . máinigter comarbai for a thechtu thoich, LU 3479 . `techta' dligeadh, Met. Gl. 27 § 35 . in fer gá m-bí techta rig `the regal right,' MR 40.15 . In titles of law-tracts: amail atberr a Cain techta, O'Dav. 629. An Teachta Breatha (sic leg.), Content. vi 259 . In Cóic Con. Fug. name of the fourth type of legal procedure (`Urteilsweg'), frequently meaning what the lord was entitled to demand from his tenants, but perh. referring originally to the status of the tenant, i.e. to what extent he was free or unfree, Cóic Con. Fug. p. 10 . sreth failsigthi na conaire fugill is techta `auf dem Urteilsweg, der `techta' ist,' 21 § 14 . techta do bithbunad bidh .i. bid side do neoch isin bith, a bunad, inní is dir no is coir do, d'agra forin conair fuigill is techta, 53 § 114. bunadtagra for techta, 60 § 144. Cf. cách d'ordugud fora thechta fen aco .i. eter rigraid ┐ ollamhnaibh, IT iii 186.23 . Eccles.: nech gonus ... macclérech ... a téchtu cāna Adomnāin, Cáin Ad. 24.y . acht ropa techtae adlúsat `provided that they drink a proper amount,' Mon. Tall. 147.24 . a techta do denam isind domnuch ... .i. cáoccae nó cét slechtan ` due observances ,' 161.16 . acht na deach tar a théchta provided he does not transgress its pro- prieties (of marriage), Ériu v 26.8 . nach eclas oc ná bí a tēchta `proper equipment' (i.e. altar-fittings), i 219.y . tēchta comna `dues of communion,' 220.7 . Metr.; cade techta dechnada máir?, IT iii 7.6 .

(b) More generally that which is proper, due, meet; meed, proper amount: taibrith a téichte ṅdoib, Wb 6a20 . ar iss ed a thechte arna rascra a menme contra deum, `this is the right of it,' Thes. ii 253.7 . rōt .i. ro-fada tēit tar tēchtae, Corm. Y 1120 . rom gab B. chucai for acci a threbi coro ferad mo théchtai oca, LU 10289 =`so that I got my due with him,' Archaeol. Review i 74 . do thechta feraind `thy meed of land,' Ériu xii 152.15 . eochair thoirrchius tēchta, ZCP vi 270 § 3 . claidib .i. techta nanruda, LL 187c23 . cin memraim a quinque, ar it cōic stuaga a techta, O'Mulc. 228 . teachta na hidparta the fitting rites of the sacrifice, CCath. 956 . techta óencatha `proper order of battle' (of soldiers drawn up), 5395 . do rad a ttéchta do na huaislibh (at division of booty), FM vi 2346.11 . breith um techta eich the points of a horse, 23 P 3, 20a ( O'C. 1863 ).

(c) In phrase ina théchtu in its proper form, arrangement: bíid cach gním inna thechtu gl. secundum ordinem, Wb 13a28 . rocurit dano a forbonna andsin úadib ┐ rocóraigit i n-a téchtu, LU 9774 , `and arranged matters duly,' RC vi 167 . mā beith neuch adcobra in fhīrinne, is dūal dō robē d'eolus les inna tēchtai ... cēn bus anfíriēn an duine, nī cumaing forūacrae fīrinnde inna tēchta, ZCP iii 450. 20 - 25 . Cf. decechla na lube sin iarna techtai `separated those herbs according to their properties,' RC xii 68.14 .