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bresta

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bresta or dil.ie/6746

 

Forms: bresta

adj io, iā (1 bres) adj. used in various favourable senses: breasda .i. béodha no suilbhir ` lively, sprightly, cheerful ', P. O'C. co ṁmórbuidin brestai (: frescai) `alert', Fél. July 19 . it brestai in banmaicc, 20 . b.¤ .i. brotla nó beoda nó suilbir, O'Dav. 264. la Bartholom ṁb.¤ `B. the active', Fél. June 13 .i. primda nó ergna, O'Dav. 262. breasda .i. príomhdha, no beodha, no suilbhir, O'Cl. b.¤ ebraice, bresith Genes, b.¤ didiu cenēlta nó caom nó griandae, O'Mulc. 142. cethir brāithir buirr, b.¤ (bresa, v.l.) fīan a warrior-band, ready for battle (Meyer), Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 27 § 2. fer mór b.¤ i n-airinuch na budnisin, LL 11998 (Táin 4506). cech ní ro alaind . . . is fri Breas indtsamlaichther is b.¤ ┐ is mor in laech is mor ┐ is b. in tine, YBL 137b22 , 23 . brígda in bedg, b.¤ in forrach `spirited the onset', Metr. Dinds. iii 210.5 . bé gel-chnes bresda báin-gel ` spirited ', 54.18 .

Compar. brestu (bresta MS.) cech soer a balcbruth `more vigorous' (of Christ), Blathm. 29.

clannmar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. clannmar or dil.ie/9370

 

adj o, ā (clann) prolific, having (many) children: cleir cainclandaig .i. cland sualach accu. no clanmair propter multitudinis , Fél.² xxxi § 12 . aimrit . . . Dairine, c.¤ . . . Sanct a siur `prolific', Fél. 172.22 . ní thuca in cóil clandmair, osí drūith ēdrūith, ZCP viii 113.1 . nech genes i nDardāin . . . bid carthanach, bid c.¤ , x 226 § 5 . ag na mnáibh neamhthorthamhla, .i. na mná nách bí clanmhar, Párl. na mB. 2577 .

dílmainecht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dílmainecht or dil.ie/16443

 

n ā, f. (dílmaine) freedom (?): nech genes hi Sathairn . . . bid mor a hordan . . . dīlmaineacht beathad dó he will have a privileged life (?) (`he will lead a licentious life'), ZCP x 226.12 .

elscothachad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. elscothachad or dil.ie/19994

 

Forms: elscothachtha

n u, m. (elscothach): passion, longing: gen. gresacht diumais... ┐ elscothachtha , Anecd. v 3.18 = Alex. 871 . Cf. in tan genes nech óa thustidib collaide tria oelscuchad chollaide, LB 257 b65 .

fuilech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fuilech or dil.ie/24795

 

Forms: fuileach, Fulach

adj o-ā (fuil)

(a) bloody, blood-stained: buiden f.¤ ḟordergg imme, sessium féin crechtach f.¤ eturra, TBC-LL¹ 5414 = b. forderg co fuilib ... osse fuileach crechtach cadesin TBC-I¹ 3334 .

(b) blood-shedding, sanguinary (usual sense) ; freq. of persons, when the implied meaning is freq. valiant in battle (cf. cródae) ; often a complimentary epithet (perh. in some cases = of noble stock ?) : Goll in f.¤ fóeburderg, Fianaig. 60.22 . fiana ferrdha fuilecha, CCath. 5363 . nip f.¤ nip cuilech a lám, ZCP xi 84 § 36 . don druing ḟuiligh iolḟaobhruigh, Aithd. D. 3. 17 . an dream bhíos fuileach (nó doghní dortadh fola) = uiri sanguinum ( Psalms liv 24 ) TSh. 5318 . fuileach (synonym of borb), Kirk ( Eg. Gl. 99 ). Of combats, etc.: comrac f.¤ , ZCP vi 29. 34 . cath fulech, Cog. 110. 11 . ba f.¤ forderg do Throiannaib in coméirge, LL 226a9 ( TTr. 647 ). ni f.¤ duin an gaisciodh sa (= we have not yet drawn blood) ZCP x 287.10 . rolaiset frais fuiligh ... do ṡleghaibh, CCath. 1278 . rogabsat flathius f.¤ a bloody sovereignty Todd Todd Nenn. 226 (= LL 133b28 ).

(c) of sanguine constitution or temperament (rare) : fiadhaighe fuileach forbfaoileach, AFM v 1726.7 . ? nech genes i nAine ... bid f.¤, bid somainech do molad a daenib, H 3.17, c. 850z ( ZCP x 226 ).

(d) In follg. perh. = of noble stock (see fuil (c) : inmain óclach f.¤ fíal, Acall. 1115 . na mac mór fialgharg f.¤ , 1996 .

As npr. m., Dinds. 25 ; but Fulach (ib.) and BB 364b39 ; 45 and Metr. Dinds. iii 88 ; 90 seems the original form of this name.

gabáltaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gabáltaid or dil.ie/25040

 

n i, m. one who holds or seizes : medóntairismid no gabaltaid, Sg. 37b13 (gl. mediastinus). masa gabaltaid in cu `if the dog be a hunter,' Laws iii 518.z ; 520.3 , 8 . nech genes a Cētāin ... bid tréngabāltaig (gabaltaid v.l.), ZCP x 226.2 .

gainel

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gainel or dil.ie/25181

 

n some kind of kindling or tinder (?): cia mac beo genes ho mnai mairb ? Adudh i ngin gainel (riddle and answer), ZCP xiii 272 § 15 (= fadadh ingni gaim v.l.). See under gainem for ex. of gainem used for kindling.

gainithir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gainithir or dil.ie/25186
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: genither, genethar, geniter, genetar, gignither, gignethar, gigne, gignidh, gignathar, gignis, gēntar, gignitir, gentair, gein, rogeinset, ro-genset, genfed

v Conjug. (1) In O.I. and gen. in Early Mid. Ir. deponent. See Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 533 . Further : pres. ind. 3 s. genither Laws iv 38.14 . rel. genethar, Corm. Y 1224 . pl. geniter, LU 3477 . nad genetar , 701 . fut. 3 s. gignither, Three Hom. 98 (LB). nochon gignethar (s.l.), AFM 472 . gigne, TBC-LL¹ 4015 . gignidh, Anecd. ii 8.23 . rel. gignathar, Ériu iii 137.20 . gignis, LL 380b47 . gēntar, ZCP viii 113.16 . pl. gignitir RC xxvi 48.255 . gentair, LL 147a39 . (2) In Mid. and early Mod. Ir. active forms with the stem gein (gen) are frequent. See below. Further: pret. 1 s. (?) geinsiu, FB 22 ( LU 8287 ) but see ZCP xxiv 237 . 3 p. rogeinset, Rawl. 70a5 . ro-genset, PH 7060 . do gheansadar, Celtica xvi 75 § 3 . sec. fut. rel. 35 . no genfed , LU 4261 . vn. 1 gein, q.v.

I Intrans.

(a) comes to life, is born : is hé Crist rogenir, Wb. 11a17 . corogenar sa ... triut su, Ml. 44c11 . nogigne[d] (gl. nascebatur), Sg. 138b1 . 31a6 . annogenad (gl. nascente), Enchir. Aug. Aug. 81b ( ZCP vii 483.34 ). génair Patraicc i Nemthur, Hymns ii 1 ; vi 26 . Rí rogenair imBetheil, SR 7522 . gigned i flaith Ochtauein, 7524 . tuiregin ... .i. gein ngenethár ┐ a dā chois riam, Corm. Y 1224 . in Tarso C. ro-genir, PH 1648 . in berla i-n ro-genamar, 5380 . as amram rogénair, Fél. Sept. 24 . co rogentea-su in n-uair genemna do ríg, PRIA iii 546 § 7 ( LL 147a8 ). géntair amal turcu `they will breed like wild boars,' 550 § 32 . rogēner co ndechaid dochum neime, BColm. 4.19 . a comainm in lae cétna geinfis in gein, RC vi 175.57 . cuirp na ndaine ... genit ┐ tusmitir, xxv 252 § 37 . mac gheinis inocht, Anecd. ii 1.9 . ōn lo ro ghenis a huigh, Anecd. i 25.10 . Tāilcend gignid 'na ré, ZCP xii 238.3 . flaith fial ... nochon gignethair, AFM i 472.16 . Níor ghein úr eile mar í, A. Ó Dálaigh ii 7 . gur ghein eo na dtrí dtobar, Dán Dé xii 4 . geintear piasda i ndeilbh dhuine, TD 4.26 . is procreated : curo genir Abel mac Adhaim eatura, D IV 2, 42vb36 . Cf. in mac gēntar ūatha ar áen, ZCP viii 113.16 . With prep. ó is born from, springs from, descends from : intan gainethar hon mathir, Ml. 44a11 . dun genim rongenair-som hua athir, 85b11 . ó oínsíl rogénartar (leg. rogénatar ?) da macc de, Wb. 4c12 . SG 84.1 ( LU 4261 ). Críst ó Mairi ... gēnair, Fél. Dec. 25 . na huli chenela ro-genset o thri maccu Noe, PH 7060 . cia ór' genis, RC xxiii 406 § 16 . mormenma na fer mor or-geinis, TTebe 1114 . Breathnaigh uile ... uaidh ... rogheinsiodar, Keat. i 186.23 (poem). With de : Ionan ... dia roghenedar Greic, Auraic. 176.

(b) With extension of meaning : is produced, is derived, is formed, arises, originates : nicon gainedar (sic leg.) ní ó thucidib écsamlib, Thes. ii 5.30 ( Acr. 12b ) inna ṅdobriathar ... huaṅgainetar comparaiti, Sg. 39a26 . ranic maige mós nad genetar ciuil (Amra CC.) with gl. .i. inid bes nemgenemain ceol sed sunt semper in se, RC xx 174 § 36 ( LU 701 ). genithir tri coire in cach duine, Anecd. v 24.5 . fo miad grian genither `according to the size of the land it (i.e. the cumal) is produced,' Laws iv 38.14 (`the land is graded (?),' Stud. in E. Ir. Law 143 ). it ē ... fodlai genethar ó ainmnit, ZCP iii 25.9 . ib. 23 . Is si tra cland gainethar on dualaich so, Ériu vii 138.12 ; 160.19 ; 164.29 ; 174.5 . fuacht a n-agaidh gignithir, Ériu vii 197 x ; `cold will spring up in one's face,' ib. 5.9 . gignithir breo a muig Breg, LB 220 (marg. inf.) . in cu hoband ro-gein in rédlu?, PH 6977 . in ball-sin in ro-gein in galar the member in which the disease originated, 4225 . an bás do ghein a truailleadh an chraois, TSh. 2487 . an céolchuire fár ghin goimh, Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 14 § 2 . ge ra gin coll cana Cathaeir, Ériu x 83 § 64 . Of a tree, wood, lake, river, etc. springs up, springs forth : as innte (i.e. san oidhche sin) ro-ghenisiod crainn thoraidh tré thalmhain i n-Eirinn, ML 94.21 ; 96.12 . Eo Mugna ... rogein a talmain, Ériu x 82 § 55 . nir genar fiodh ann riam `no tree ever grew there,' CS 8.5 . genid buindi asin talmain, ZCP xiii 26.11 . genid tipra and, Metr. Dinds. iii 326.35 . loch geinfes a sruthar na Slaine, RC xv 429 § 6 ( Dinds. 40 ).

II Trans. and active (a later usage).

(a) begets, procreates : (Crist) mar nar geineadh e fein o einneach is mar sin nar gein se nech, ITS xix 54.19 , 20 . an fheis ... dār geined Bē-binn, ZCP xiii 18.27 . go raibhe Z. balbh an tan do geineadh Eóin leis, TSh. 8692 . Eíst red athair, noch do ghin thú, Proverbs xxiii 22 . an té ghineas amadán, xvii 21 . níor geineadh, ní geinfidhear ... a samhail, TD 7.8 .

(b) conceives : as annsan oidhce cetna sin do geinedh an nech naomhtha ... i mbroinn a mhathar, BNnÉ 190.21 .

(c) produces, brings into being : cosnam Gaileoin gignis fích, LL 380b47 . geinter balsamum anorach uadha, Marco P. § 43 . genid na neithi millsi tochus ┐ bruth, Irish Texts v 80.2 . na biada genes fuil derg, 80.36 . geinter ... nesgóid ó'n gerradh sin (= quibus ... apostemata gignuntur), O'Gr. Cat. 272.14 . an tan chríochnuighthear an peacadh, geinidh sé an bás, TSh. 1496 . mar gheinter iómháigh ó dhuine ag féchain a sgathán, Ó Héodhusa 22.

III pret. 3 s. (3 p. occurs once in Ml. 90b12 ) is used with mad- (later ma-, mu-, mo-, mon-) as a stereotyped phrase in sense blessed (fortunate, happy) is. For exx. and usage see mad- (a weakened form of maith).

suthain

Cite this: eDIL s.v. suthain or dil.ie/39343

 

Forms: suthin, suithin, suthain

adj i (2 so+tan) In O.Ir. Glosses usually suthin. hisa suithin , Ml. 49d3 . suthain, 90b10 , 109d9 . Sg. 5b5 .

(a) everlasting, eternal, perpetual : s.¤ .i. siordhaidhe, as comhsh.¤ an mac fris an athair, O'Cl. s.¤ .i. buan, Lec. Gl. 388 . inna piana suthini, Ml. 15c9 . pen són suthin, 16a6 . trem-feidligud suthin, 21d4 . for pianad bithsuthin, 26d12 . din bethaid suthin, 39a1 . nach comairle . . . dognither la fortacht dæ is bithsuthin adæ, 51b28 . bith suthin side didiu amal as suthin riuth grene gl. solis continuis cursibus pax aequabitur, 89c10 . grésaig .i. suthini gl. deuturni, 113b12 . connabad suthin in digal fornn, 119d6 . bethu suthin, Wb. 13b20 . 23b5 . anas suthin gl. spiritale, 13d9 . ateoch in ríg sóer s.¤ , Hy. vi 25 ( Thes. ii 353 ). ail suthuin `a perpetual disgrace' (a type of satire for which `díre' is paid), Laws v 228.y . dochum pene suthaine, SR 8353 . ni rap sét s.¤ . . . dún in sétsa (of the Dond Cúailnge), TBC-LL¹ 6160 . nocha tulaighenn in muir . . . ris na haibnibh fergacha no suthaine, MS. Mat. 617.35 ( H 3.18, 653 , O'Curry 1477 . ) do thomailt in t-shásta s.¤ , PH 7075 . sith s.¤ , TTebe 2755 . oighre s.¤ na soillse, DDána 35.5 . sláinte hsuchain chum bur n-onóra (in letter), Irish Texts iv 28.3 .

(b) Of persons long-lived: is hē laech is āillium robūi di feruib Hērinn . . . acht nī rop suthuin nammā, ZCP iv 32.4 = níba s[h]uthain, TBFr. 5 . doiligh dan lāech[d]acht. ní s.¤ a mbí, ifernnaig a mairb those who survive are short-lived, those who are killed are damned, ZCP vi 261.29 ( RC xlv 91 § 4 ). neach genes i nDomnach, bid s.¤ , ZCP x 225.7 . s.¤ cach mbeōda, ACL iii 230.131 .

(c) In Laws Comm. used with ré in glosses on aimser, inbaid, perh. in meaning usual (fixed, proper, particular?) time, period: atait tri re suthaine gl. atáit teora aimsira `particular (permanent?) times', Laws i 50.13 . in moin cruaid [is in re s.¤ a tochuirthur] `proper', 132.4 . is re suithain bu dir don brethemain in breth do breith, 156.21 . bla tarb ┐ reithe darmna .i. slan do na tarbaib . . . in ré s.¤ bit ac dáir na maine, iii 232.1 .

Equative: amal as s.¤ riuth grene sic bith suthainidir sin ainm solmon, Ml. 90b10 . Compar. ni thánic don bith ille bad suthainiu do chumnigud crochi Meic De (of Colum Cille), RC xx 406.3 ( ACC Comm . ). With de: cinn lútaingén a clainne feissin do thescadh sí co mbád suth[a]naidi íat `so that they might be the longer lived', Cóir Anm. 170 .

Adv. is rí co s.¤ é, MU² 142 .

Substantival uses: ní tremfeidliget . . . issa suthin `for ever', Ml. 21d4 . hisa suthin cen na forcenn, 51d24 . fúair in ts.¤ (sic leg.) blaid rosmill the deathless maid gained the fame that was her undoing, Metr. Dinds. iii 286.11 . santaiged na suthaine let him desire lasting things, PH 8065 .

Compds. ¤ainm a lasting name : as maith an sutan-ainm do sernadh . . . orra ó Fhenius gl. fo don sert sior ainm, Leb. Gab.(i) 280 n. 7 . ? ¤ges: teora sirechta flatha .i. teora sír-fuachtana no tri suithingesa na flatha, O'Dav. 1482 .