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am(a)ires

Cite this: eDIL s.v. am(a)ires or dil.ie/3067
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: amaras, aibres, amharas, -aires, -(a)is

n ā, f. (1 ires(s)). Later m. ( LL 284b7 ). Also amaras, and in mod. lang. amhras, aimhreas (see GOI p. 104 and BBCS xxv 392 ). Note also aibres, Auraic. 61 . amharas, -aires m. (g s. -(a)is), IGT Decl. § 53 . See Éigse viii 147 - 149 .

(a) In O. Ir. lack of faith in theological sense (normally translated `unfaith' in Thes.). In later relig. contexts the same, religious doubt, etc.: arna tarta amiris . . . dond lobur hiressach `lest he bring unfaith . . . to the weak believer', Wb. 11b18 . tre amhiris, 28c13 . tre amairis, 33b5 . tóiniud niressach in amiriss, 26a5 . o hiris in amiriss gl. subuertunt, 31b16 . ho amiris gl. defedentia, 2c29 . fíal amirisse `a veil of unbelief', 15a29 . todlugud inna feulae conamairis nandatiberad dia doib gl. poscere defidendo, not believing that God would give it to them, Ml. 97d10 , 13 . a.¤ rod ngab (i.e. when asked to perform a miracle), Trip.² 2327 . crecht na haimirse bói hi menmain Tomáis, PH 6734 . do thochuiredh gentiu a n-iris, de indarba Iuda in hamiris, Hib. Min. 10.325 . ind eire[te]acht ┐ ind aibres (a.¤, v.l.) dorigni neach i n-aigidh na firindi diadha, Auraic. 61 = an aimiris, 2349 . ecna cen amaros, Acall. 3720 . na dénaidh amurus ar Día a dáeine, RC xxiv 377.8 . beag nach usa an t-amharas, Dán Dé xiv 19 .

(b) Hence lack of belief in (a person), suspicion: ma dia rucar amarus fair if he be suspected, Laws v 158.29 Comm. = ruga[dh] aimiras air gurab tre comraite dogne, O'Curry 1771 ( 23 Q 6, 37 a_b ). da ructha aimerus orra, O'D. 576 (H 3.17, c. 443). ionnus nach biadh amhras cáirdeasa nó míocháirdeasa . . . isan scríbhinn (= neque suspitio gratiae sit neque simultatis), Keat. i 56.11 . croidhe ar nách cóir amharus, TD 17.52 . Perh. also: ná déntar orm amorus `let there be no mistrust of Me', Ériu iv 116 § 27 .

(c) In general sense of doubt, disbelief, incredulity: ferr astud amaires, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 15 = ferr astad aimirse, RC xlv 86 = aimiris, Anecd. iii 19.20 . ? dligid etche aimiris, BB 64e33 = d. ēitge amsir, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 17 ( Anecd. iii 14.24 , RC xlv 71 ). ? dilgud bemi ecnaid ar Dia ┐ amarus ar duilib, YBL 84b7 . urchur n-amarais a shot in the dark (by a blind man), CCath. 2189 . cúis amhruis a matter of doubt, Donlevy 318.17 . ? mar ḟer bfíadhaigh mé a Muiris / is é ag íarraidh amhuiris, IGT Decl. ex. 1350 .

In various idioms with verbs and prepp.: as eadh budh amhurus lium this is what I should feel dubious about, Prolegomena 44 § 11 . adbar rig Ulad cin amurus dia marad (of a prince), Ann. Conn. 1392.3 . mé gach éanlá i n-amharas, Dán Dé v 4 . cuiridh Íosa . . . a airdhe . . . san té thoghas / nach leicfe é i n-amhoras, Aithd. D. 37.3 . is an amhras i dtéid sibh / ar bhreith Aimhirgin . . . `the mistake you make as to the judgement of A.', Content. vi 8 . téid an t-éadtrócaireach i n-amharas ar Dhia, TSh. 1909 . gach ní ar a mbi amhfhoras aca everything they are doubtful about, MS. Mat. 576.26 . air mbeith dhúinn a n-amhras na fírinne `any thing we . . . even doubt to be false', Donlevy 72.12 . d'egla go gcuirfidhe amharas 'na bhás that his death should be doubted, Parrth. Anma 1524 . ní fhoil amharus agam gurab iad do ní . . ., Mac Aingil 2083 . 'gá bhfuil fáth amharais air / um ráth . . . gCobhthaigh `who has any reason to doubt his claim to C.'s castle', TD 17.58 . ? er .i. fīr ut est dilla er amiris, O'Mulc. 479 .

aul

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aul or dil.ie/4995
Last Revised: 2019

 

n wall: moenia .i. a.¤ .i. mur bethlem, Thes. ii 44.3 . elo .i. ō a.¤ .i. mūr dorōnsat gentiu, unde Fid elo, Loch elo, O'Mulc. 380 . ? Maoilene . . . abb Lainne Eala ┐ . . . aule Ereand, AFM ii 592.17 . Cf. 1 ail, aulaith, 2 ul and 3 ul.

1 doirb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 doirb or dil.ie/17929

 

Forms: duirb, doirbh, dhoirbh

adj ( du-ṡrib, Wortk. 135 ) duirb, YBL 191a40 .

(a) hard, difficult: (superl.) issed as doirbem gl. difficillima, Sg. 168a1 . ba d.¤ dofhaisnesi do dóinib túarascbāil . . . do thabairt it would be hard for mere men, Fianaig. 96.26 . is d.¤ do Ghuairiu a chreitem, SG 54.30 . ni d.¤ la nnech a tabairt anyone can understand it, gl. nullam difficultatem, Ml. 42c13 . in ní as doirbh le dáinibh is soirbh le Dia what men find hard God finds easy, SG 19.32 . doirb da (= do) tregan, atāi in gach aird it is hard to leave (get away from) thee, ACL iii 235 § 27 . cor doirbh a thecht la mēt a tuile (of crossing a river), CCath. 454 . doirbh anfhlaith dhíobh do dhéinimh it is hard to make them out usurpers, Content. v 111 . doirbh an dáil, DDána 29.20 .

(b) hard to bear, trying, adverse: doirbh sore, sharp , Eg. Gl. 224 . ? ibait deoga duirbbi fola, TBC-LL¹ 5846 = ibaib dagda doirp a fuile, TBC-I¹ 3449 . Guas cēili Cuain . . . a nnúaill nirbo dodaing doirb, LL 140a47 . ba doirbh (doilig, v.l.) leisna hoccaibh ele an laogh do chaithemh the other youths were aggrieved that the calf was eaten, BNnÉ 4.10 . roghabh baisded . . . ┐ ba d.¤ la gentiu sin the heathen were annoyed at that, Marco P. 16 . an tan dochonnairc Rígh M. an cath ro-dh.¤ that the battle was too sore, 2 Kings iii 26 . is doirbh an smacht don té thréigios an tṡlighe correction is grievous, Proverbs xv 10 . go fuil blodh dib co soirb . . . da dainib maithi ┐ blodh co d.¤ . . . da drochdainib unfavourable (of planets), Ir. Astr. Tr. 70 . tria shligt[h]ibh doirpe docomhlacha, Fl. Earls 80.26 . go n-abhainn ndocomhlaigh ndoirp, 90.7 . ceithre bliadhna doirbe dēg inauspicious , MS. Mat. 568 . gach beirt doirbh dhar hinnleadh air | soirbh do imreadh na haghaidh vexatious (ill-natured?), Arch. Hib. i 91 . gáirleog dhoirbh pungent , Keat. Poems 1246 . As subst.: go mbedís Burcaigh in gach áit do dhoirbh ar Bháiréadachuibh `as plagues to the Barretts', Hy Fiach. 338.7 .

(c) Of persons hard to please; dissatisfied, discontented (?): trí chaogad éiceas, doirbh dāmh, Oss. v 44 . brain doirbi ` ravenous ', MR 120 . dobheir mé duilbhir doirbh, Ériu i 95 § 50 . nach dleaghair do neach bheith doirbh fa thoil nDé do choimhlíonadh, TSh. 8593 . do bhí Dáibhi doirbh displeased , 2 Samuel vi 8 .

etag

Cite this: eDIL s.v. etag or dil.ie/20630

 

n etag ┐ iath anmann fethal la gentiu, ut dicitur: [do-tong] dar an iath-sæ ┐ an etag, O'Mulc. 469 .

fethal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fethal or dil.ie/21831

 

Forms: f., fethail

n o, m. acc. to Vendryes, RC xxix 204 `that which indicates' (√ uet- ` declare '), hence

(a) a characteristic badge or emblem (of office or class), insignia (used both of dress and ornaments): e fethol .i. a n-étach sacaird (gl. ephoth) Tur. 87 . f.¤ līnda imbi (of a herald) TBC-I¹ 1112 . f.¤ maith an airdrigh tar cend a tuaithi (gl. on: sēt cacha mārflatha, as a pledge), Laws v 244.22 Comm. f.¤ connduala (distinctive appurtenance of a chief's wife) 384.24 ; expld. by: fethal comdala ... nó ... eccusc comduala .i. in merge no in brat sída no in rinde, O'Dav. 992 , but see next ex.

(b) a device or ornament on a shield: sceith co fethul chonduala, LL 248b3 ( TBFr. 39 ). sce[i]th co fethluib conndualae ┐ con n-imlib findruini, IT iii 239.139 .

(c) a halidom , an object regarded as sacred, and sometimes used for swearing on; in Christian lit. esp. of the appurtenances of Divine service . f.¤ .i. cumdach comartha nó minn, ut est imdénatsom la fethla `f.¤ i.e. a shrine or mark, or relic, ut est, they prove with relics' O'Dav. 899 . fetal cach cumtach, Phil. Soc. Trans. 1859, 209 . cūic prīmfethail cecha ec(ol)sa ... bachall ┐ menistir ┐ cros ┐ cloc ┐ catur (.i. soiscela), Trip. xxi . soire ecalsi Dé ... cona fethlaib, Cáin Ad. 34 . sechip f.¤ foa tosar a ndubethech any emblem on which a down-right perjury is sworn Ériu vii 156 § 15 . f.¤ na feart (of a bell), Fen. 236.18 . le cois na ffethal ffertach with the wonder-working insignia (of St. Maedóc's halidoms) BNnÉ 246.10 . is deside rocumtaigit scrína ┐ [ḟ]ethla náem hErenn, LL 274a7 . scrín Mancháin do cumhdach ... feibh as deach ro cumhdaighedh feathal a nErinn, AFM ii 1156.13 . crand do chor a fethlaib `casting lots out of reliquaries' IT iii 192.5 (= chalices ? Cf. dobertar na crunna i cailech for altōir, Cáin Ad. 46 ). Of pagan halidoms used in attestation : etag ┐ iath anmann fethal la gentiu, ut dicitur: dar an iath-sae ..., O'Mulc. 469 . Fig. of a person: ba he ... an f.¤ coisrecctha an righ nemdha dognídh sídh ... eter Dia ┐ duine (of St. Barre) BNnÉ 20.22 (cf. Lism. L. 2463 where same expression is used of Senán and the word f. is glossed `mincúis'). f.¤ co faebraighi (of Christ) ZCP viii 203.26 . cartait glonn fri f.¤ find, AFM ii 590.10 (poem), where f.¤ seems to refer to the bishop Mael Maedoc.

(d) a valuable drinking-horn or cup (B. na f. ? Cf. IT iii 192.5 above) : f.¤ .i. corn cumdaigh argoid, Corm. Y 653 . O'Cl. (feathal). is he f.¤ luigid (= luigi ?) sil Eogain .i. bernan Emin, Irish Texts iii 2.11 (probably a bell, see bernán). na tri feathla is deach do boi a nEalga, ZCP viii 103.1 (B. na f.) = na tri cuirn, Ériu ii 186.19 . Cf. f.¤ .i. comdus (= comadas ?) ind dail, O'Mulc. 596 = Phil. Soc. Trans. 1859, 209 .

(e) distinctive shape or appearance, aspect, likeness: feuthal .i. eugasg, Corm. Y 669 . feathal .i. éccosc no cuma, O'Cl. gó go ffeathol ffior ┐ fior go bḟethal ngua, Ériu xiii 14.20 . f.¤ ferda, TBC-LL¹ 5741 . fethol chuid Ailline, RC xiii 222.43 (B. na f.) = delb cinn A., MS. Mat. 473 . biaid i fethol cech míl he will assume the form of every animal Imr. Brain § 53 . cidh deghnie drochfethol? ol sé `what makes thee look so ill ?' RC xii 64.15 (leg. -féth; -ol being due to dittography ? Cf. 5 féth). finnḟethal frestal `attendance of bright appearance' (of angels) ACC 22 ( RC xx 166 ). Cf. also: Foibne, feochair in f.¤ 'fierce of feature' Metr. Dinds. iv 86y . goiridh Sesar Cruithnigh .i. picti, do Brethnuibh do cuiredh aighidh fedil do bhód ┐ do bhadar orra (= Caesar calls the Britons picti because they tattooed their faces with woad and madder) 24 N 2, 162 = Todd, Todd Nenn. vi 4 (Dubháltach Mac Fir Bhisigh). If `fedil' = fethail (or fethal, g p.) it applies to the figures of animals, etc., mentioned in the previous sentence.

genti

Cite this: eDIL s.v. genti or dil.ie/25690

 

n (< Lat. gentes) i, m. pl. and see gent.

(a) In Glosses used in Jewish sense of Gentiles : geinti hiressich `faithful Gentiles,' Wb. 4c40 . am forcitlid geinte, 29d26 . de Iudéib do Barnaip, di geintib do Thit, 18d6 . etir Iudeo et genti, Ml. 35a19 . Wb. 19a10 . voc. a geinti hireschu, 3a13 .

(b) In older lit. in general heathens, pagans : ō dēibh no ainmnighdis geinti a llaithe, Corm. Y 419 = genti, LB. fes Temra cecha samna. ar bá híside caisc na ngente, LU 4211 . in conflicht rolasad na geinti and fri Pátraic, Laws i 2.12 Comm. genti bidbaid guilty pagans, Fél. Prol. 175 . g pl. na ngente, ib. 61 , 205 . do thochuiredh gentiu a n-iris, Hib. Min. 324 . na gente chennaigit ... delba hídal, PH 4583 . crand gíuis noadratís na gente, RC ii 394 § 25 . do gentib Gréc, Metr. Dinds. iv 152.75 . fri hindarbud plag ┐ genti ... dib, RC xii 422 § 3 . ar galar, ar geinntib, ZCP x 346 § 6 . faid guach in t-Issa ... ol na geinti, Marco P. § 8 . Isaiah lx 3.

(c) the heathen Norsemen (common in Annals) : amal dundgniat geinti dinaib brataib bertae hodie as do the heathens of the spoils that they carry off today, Ml. 63c18 . loscadh Rechrainne o geinntibh, AU i 274.z (an. 794) , Cath for Gennti, i 332.z (an. 833) . loscadh Mungairit ┐ alanaile cheall Irmumen o gentibh, i 336.1 (an. 834) . ticfait genti dar muir mall, Cog. 225.9 . Ériu vi 122 § 9 . gennti .i. cenél na pagán, ii 196.4 . coscradh Dunaidh L. ... la Geintibh, AFM i 440.10 . na bhflaitheas ní tharla dhí | plágha gorta náid geinnti, Content. v § 65 . dub-g.¤ (lit. black-haired heathens) Danes ; finn-g.¤ (lit. fair-haired heathens) Norwegians : tancadar Duibgenti da-narda ... ocus dabadar ic diucur na Findgenti a hErind, Cog. 18.18 . is díobh ghairthear Duibhgheinnte ... agus Finngheinnte, Keat. iii 2456 - 7 .

2 íath

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 íath or dil.ie/27116
Last Revised: 2013

 

n a bell?: i.¤ ainm do chlug cona ḟáeid `Iath is a name for a bell with its voice,' Thr. Ir. Gl. 6.21 . i.¤ ainm do chluc is a faidh, O'Curry 1335 (< H 3.18, p. 611a ). `iat[h]' cloc ocus `iath' cochall, Metr. Gl. 3.8 .

a halidom ?; insignia ?: etag ┐ i.¤ anmann fethal la gentiu, ut dicitur: [do tong] dar an i.¤-sae ┐ an etag, O'Mulc. 469. `ettech' ┐ `iat' anmann fethal la gentiu, unde dicitur dotong darsna hiata-sa I swear by these reliquaries, O'Curry 144 (< H 3.18, p. 81 ). í.¤ mind ┐ í.¤ ferand, LU 529 (ACC). See mind and fethal. But cf. `áoth' minn, ocus `í.¤' ferann, Metr. Gl. 9 § 4 , and aoth `a bell,' aoth `a crown,' O'R. Cf. 4 eó.