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1 acht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 acht or dil.ie/200
Last Revised: 2019

(freq. act in O. Ir. glosses). See GOI § 908 . Later ach.

I As prep. with accus. (see Ériu xvii 79 , ZCP xxv 237 , Ériu lx 137-42 )

(a) save, except (lit. outside, Thurn.): cách act tiamthe `every one save Timothy', Wb. 23d5 . bacc de echaib a.¤ serrchu, Laws ii 118.9 . a.¤ cuit naige fine, iv 194.26 . roslechtsat do Patric a.¤ cóicḟir all except five bowed to P., Trip.² 1652 . fiche a.¤ sé bliadna i.e. 14 years, LL 15069 . ar di-legad síl Dubthaig Daīl ... acht claind Moathaire 'for [all] the descendants of Dubthach the Beetle were destroyed ... except for the kindred of Mothaire', Aided Echach 96 §4 (g) (h) . di-legath síl Dubthig Dōeltengath and act cethra conchuiriu, Aided Echach 94 § 1​ . achd ré n-aithrighe d'fhagháil save that there was time for repentance, DDána 64.9 .

(b) More freq. after neg. vb. as in: act aní ropridchussa dúib (nothing) save gl. nihil . . . sapietis, Wb. 20b4 . nand asse díchenglad cor mbél . . . inge (acht, MS) nóe curu it is not proper to dissolve contracts . . . except for nine contracts . . . Ériu xvii 66 §§ 4 , 5 .

(c) Hence in sense of Engl. only, merely , etc. (cf. Fr. ne . . . que): ar ni arilsem-ni act dígail for we have deserved only punishment, Wb. 20d14 . ni bí nach dethiden foir act fognam do día his only care is to serve God, 10b9 . ni gessid . . . act búaid precepte, 26a34 . nicon chloor act for caínscél, 23b41 . connaccon bet a.¤ degnimai less so that he may have only good works, Ml. 129a9 . ní rádat som a.¤ bréic ┐ togaís they speak only lies and deceit, 31a18 . in tan nád techtat a.¤ oin aimsir `when they have only one time', Sg. 5a10 . nī fūar a ssēt a.¤ Maire `I have found not her like save Mary', Thes. ii 349.4 (Hy. v). a.¤ fo thri nico rotroisci M. `that M. never fasted but thrice', Mon. Tall. 157.5 (§ 72) muna bed a.¤ don dornsann ní himtecar la suidaib, Laws iv 158.5 . nach ístais biad . . . a.¤ biad Conchobair, IT i 75.15 . conna-ruc a.¤ oīnchois ūaim, Sc.M² 12 . ni boi arm la Hiruath . ... a.¤ bocṡlaitt moir, PH 850 (a.¤ bocslat mor, v.l., ZCP xiv 147.7 ). na déantar lámh dhearg a.¤let none but her be outlawed(?) Dán Dé ix 9 . nach fuil a.¤ talam ┐ luaith san cholainn daonna nothing but earth and ashes, TSh. 432 . gan a.¤ mac tíre 'na sesamh rena brollach only a wolf standing at her breast (instead of her own calf), BNnÉ 164 § 34 . Note also: dearna a láimhe a.¤ a lámh oile / clár do b'áilne snoidhe sain, DDána 32.22 , where a neg. is implied (see notes).

(d) With emphasising nammá, amáin: a.¤ comparit neutair nammá gl. non inuenitur nisi neutri generis, Sg. 41a8 . act seircc ndée tantum (= nammá) gl. non quaerit quae sua sunt, Wb. 12c2 . a.¤ nammá renders Lat. nisi forte, 9d21 , 12c32 . a.¤ éolas nammá, TBFr. 392 . ní thérna díb a.¤ oenchóicer namá, BDD² 1494 . teach . . . cen dorus . . . a.¤ seinistir ┐ forleas namá a house without any door but a window and skylight only, 81 . a.¤ dá angel amáin ní bátar and, LL 291a3 . ní bhí a.¤ an moladh amháin / ní don domhan a.¤ díoláimh `save praise alone', TD 31.8 . a.¤ trōcaire Dé amhāin, Fl. Earls 134.20 .

(e) So also with follg. mad (cf. acht má as conjunction infra): a.¤ mad a claind `unless it be her (own) children' (gl. docere autem mulieri non permitto), Wb. 28b13 . ni ruc . . . claind . . . a.¤ mad óeningin, IT i 130.14 . nád aithgainethar . . . a.¤ mad indred n-indligthech, Críth G. 564 . noco ria nech dib ar éc . . . a.¤ mad Essu ┐ Caleb, SR 4732 . a.¤ mad aenfer, Anecd. i 63 § 115 . indis dam firindi, riam nucha n-ebartais a.¤ mad guth ceart, Fen. 156.21 . ni bhíodh neach aga ghoire a.¤ madh na hoighe allaid `save only the deer', ZCP i 64 § 57 .

(f) Hence in adv. phrase a.¤ (mad) becc lit. except (but only) a little, hence almost: combo marb a.¤ bec until he was almost dead, LU 3290 ( SCC 8 ). a mboi de ór . . . oca a.¤ becc almost all the gold they had, PH 999 . fāsughudh C. . . . a.¤ becc `almost total devastation', RC xvii 384.23 (Tig.). corloiscit cella fer Midhi a.¤ mad becc, 389.7 .

II As conjunction

(a) In sense save only that, except that (folld. by nasalising rel. clause in O.Ir., see GOI § 503 ) (freq. with nammá): ro legsat canóin amal rundalégsam-ni a.¤ ronda-sáibset-som tantum `they have read the Scripture text as we have read it save only that they have perverted it', Ml. 24d24 . accobor la mmenmuin maid do imradud act nandléicci concupiscentia carnalis , Wb. 3d13 . Borg Emna ro tetha / a.¤ mairte a clocha `save that its stones remain', Fél. Prol. 194 . is bēlra dligthech concanat, a.¤ nat aithgnet cluasa dōine, Ériu ii 118 § 54 . a.¤ nach deachaidh tar muir Manann, riámh ní rosgabh rí ba fearr, Keat. ii 5755 . So also in the following (where rel. not marked): haue a.¤ ro noebad / do Dunlang `a grandson, save that he has been hallowed, of D.', Fél. April 11 . manid caindleóracht in tige as ail duit do chosnamh a.¤ namá bid mó bas loscud don tig oldás bas suillse don tegluch except that the house is more likely to catch fire than its inmates to get light, LU 9197 ( FB 92 ). conrotacht . . . a tech . . . fo chosmailius na Cráebrúadi . . . a.¤ nammá ro derscaigestar a tech so . . . do thigib inna hamsiri, 8046 ( FB 1 ). coro ṡollsigset in catraig na dluma derga . . . a.¤ ni loisctís nech nama without however burning anyone, LB 152b41 .

(b) With má, mani, cé (see Vendryes, Ériu xvi 21f. ). With má except if, unless: act ma chotchela gl. numquid Israhel non cognouit, Wb. 5a9 . act massu made in chretem rochretsid gl. nisi frustra credidistis, 13a34 . act mad melltach lassin fer `unless it be agreeable to the husband', 9d17 . act mad óentu dúib occa gl. ex consensu, 9d22 . tír Cannain . . . / nista . . . / a.¤ ma rannait . . . / for meic iar for n-adnacul unless your sons divide it SR 4735 . ní dligther fothud a thige do neoch . . . a.¤ ma ḟrisnasar a ḟlaith, Críth G. 79 . nocho chumcaid-si imchaisin Críst a.¤ ma blasti bás ar thús, Trip.² 1147 . ní talla a léni de a.¤ mad fria huaim `he may not take off his shirt except it be to stitch it', Ériu vii 140 . Note also: a.¤ má dothísad Arddrí secht nime dó ní reg-sa, Trip.² 1354 .

(c) With mani except if . . . not. So in some early exx., but later = a.¤ má or mani: a.¤ manidchomalnid a rropridchad dúib gl. nisi forte reprobi estis (you show that God is in you except you fulfil not what has been preached to you, Wb. 18b7 . ni ba messi dogena a.¤ manimléicther ind it is not I who will do it unless I am not allowed in i.e. provided I am not forbidden to enter, RC xxv 26.9 . noco mberthar uaimse ait na halma ass (leg. a.¤ Vendryes, loc. cit.) manip aúrderg limsa, LU 5029 (TBC) unless I do not consider them visible i.e. worthy of being seen (Vendryes). a.¤ minab edrud ┐ grian, `provided it be not between thee and the sun', Ériu viii 122.28 . In follg. exx. = a.¤ má, a.¤ mani: ni segar baithis acht menip dóig bes marb in gein unless the child seems likely to die, Ériu ii 208 § 32 . fotdáilfind i n-ilpartib . . . a.¤ manibad F. were it not for F. LU 5673 (TBC). ?is mesi . . . dliges a caurathmir a.¤ mani brister anfír form unless I am treated unfairly, LU 8986 ( FB 74 ). ni raga ass . . . a.¤ manit ainge ben unless a woman protect you, 3352 ( SCC 14 ). ní maith duit imthecht t'oenur a.¤ mani[d] dáil fir no thēig, Fing. R. 91 . acht mana maidi in talam found unless the ground breaks under us, TBC-I¹ 3577 = mono thaeth (muna maidhi, muna maoighthfe v.ll.), TBC-LL¹ 5975 . ni ra cotail C. risin re sin, a.¤ mani chotlad fithisin ṁbic . . . C. did not sleep during that time except for a little while, 2473 = a.¤ mad mani chotlad, LU 6338 . nach fer gentor a.¤ mona bentar a cend de unless his head is cut off, RC xii 88 § 99 . a.¤ mana bera lat in topur so `unless you take away this well', Lism. L. 4669 . a.¤ muna faghbam ní dar cobair orra sin ní bia duine a mbethaid unless we can find something to protect us from them there will not be a person alive, Acall. 6174 . ní dénann urchóitt do neach acht mona derna nech urcóit di, Maund. 33 . nad ḟetar-sa . . . act manip íat in Galían, CRR 11 . a.¤ munab í M. th' iarraidh, Eachtra Uill. 4300 .

(d) With cia even though, even if: act ci nip lour `even though it be not sufficient', Wb. 11d15 . nach facamur riamh roimhi, / a.¤ gér cian ar comnoide though long has been our sojourn, Ériu iv 114.32 . tu easbal dob annsa leis /. . ./ a.¤ ger ionmhuin gach easbal, Dán Dé i 9 . ba menmarc leis co mberadh buaidh a.¤ ge bhadar ced fan fer `he wished to defeat them even though they were a hundred to one', Stair Erc. 1471 . acht gidh mór do maith doronuis co ró-so, ZCP vi 67.8 . for imegla a bhāssaigthe a.¤ ge ro baoi i n-a Pāpa, Fl. Earls 206.20 . a.¤ gér laoch mear even though he was a swift warrior, LBranach 7210 . Samson, a.¤ gér chalma a neart, Éigse iv 188.71 .

(e) In conditional sense if only, provided that (folld. in O. Ir. by perfective subj. except where an impossible condition is implied, see GOI § 904 ): bíth and beos acht ropo i tuil dée `let him still abide therein provided it be in God's will', Wb. 10a25 . act ní arbarat biuth inna túari provided they eat not the foods, 10c1 . bid maith mo menmese act rocloor for cáinscéilsi `my mind will be glad provided I hear good news of you', 23d2 . atá comeisseírge act rocretem oipred dæ, 27a15 . ni imned lim act rop Crist pridches, 23b24 . buí cara damsa isin tírsea . . . a.¤ rofeasmais conair dá thig if only we knew the way to his house, BDD² 262 . a.¤ rop coir ní gellas, Críth G. 505 . a.¤ ropom airdric-se (ropa airdercsa LU), maith lim cen co bend buan acht oenlaa, TBC-I¹ 571 . ata lasna tuati beith lór dóib do ascnam nime acht doratat ní dona hanmchairtib (sic leg.) `the lay folk deem it enough to win a place in heaven if only they have given something to their confessors', Mon. Tall. 141.16 (§ 35) . doémat na trī sailm-sea . . . acht rogabthar gach dīa, ZCP iii 30.23 . With non-perfective vb.: a.¤ ni bed úall and `if only there were no pride in it', Wb. 10b27 . nico mórbrig laisim and a.¤ ní cometestar dond accobar `he counts it no great matter provided there be no yielding to desire', Mon. Tall. 152.7 (§ 63) . a.¤ com-messind-se mo maccu nī diṅgentais do chride chrád if only I were able to control my sons, Fing. R. 498 . Note also: noco nindligthech do gin co tuca abad acht techtugad do breith `provided that he has brought the means of taking possession', Laws iv 4.15 .

(f) Similarly with follg. co n-: ríge láech nErend . . . dait . . . a.¤ co nderna mo chomarlisea provided thou do, LU 8114 ( FB 8 ). a.¤ cor damthar fír fer dam ol sé atbér, 9213 (94) . a.¤ co rabat glinni mo diṅgbála ria provided there are sureties to satisfy me, MU² 64 . a.¤ co nde[r]nat maith / flaith uaidib co bráth, Trip.² 1798 . cretfemit do Christ a.¤ co ro-fhindamm a nert, PH 345 . nis-fil do plāig . . . for bith nachus-bera sin for cūlu, a.¤ corup léir guidter Dia occai, RC xii 430 § 21 . With non-perfective vb.: asbert . . . nod lemad a mbrethugud a.¤ co ndaimtis nammá fora breith, LU 9012 ( FB 76 ). dá fessed a.¤ combad fer ulcach nod ngonad no mairfedsom he ind (mixed constr.) 6110 (TBC). cuma a dteasda uan dom aois / gan suan feasda a.¤ go bhféadmaois, Dán Dé xvii 5 . a cōir féine a.¤ go bhfagha / ni dóigh Éire i n-aontamha, TD 24.1 . Hence as soon as: act arroilgither ind epistilse dúibsi berthir úaib Laudocensibus gl. et cum lecta fuerit apud vos aepistola [haec] facite ut et in L. aeclesia legatur, Wb. 27d13 . aiggelat sa hé a.¤ co roisc int oirned as soon as the ordination is ended, RC xlii 134 § 9 . acht co ndernair hoc rechtair romhat dochum an prainntighe, RC xxvi 374.1 . With non-perfective vb.: ragat a.¤ co fiasur in n-airm atá I will go as soon as I know where he is, LU 3373 ( SCC 17 ). bérthar cainnli duit acht co tumthar, Lism. L. 1996 .

(g) In adversative sense but: énirt a cocubussom . . . act nosnerta in sonirt, Wb. 10c3 . coir irnigde tra inso act ní chumcamni, 4a27 . robatar leosom eter desciplu . . . act dorigénsat in descipuil dechor etarru, 7d10 . cenél Maicc Ercae as tressam . . . a.¤ nochon follamnaiget amal ardrígu, Trip.² 1064 . lánsíth i nHérinn . . . a.¤ buí imneissi chatha iter dá Chorpre, BDD² 230 .

(h) Often introducing a positive clause oppd. to a preceding neg. one or vice versa: ni imdibe dualche . . . act is imdibe colno, Wb. 21b11 . conibé eter in peccato act co beid in pænitentia , 9b2 . ní bo ar seirc móidme act conrobad torbe dúibsi triit, 17a13 . ní dron act is diuit et is glé , 17b4 . ni ar Abracham . . . a.¤ is diar foirbthetuni, 2d2 . ni delb ad-rorsat act is cosmulius delbe, 1b19 . ba torad saithir dúun . . . act ní bad nertad na mbraithre, 10c21 . is hé láech is áildem . . . a.¤ níba s[h]uthain, TBFr. 5 . ni hainfis a.¤ día necar doniam indnos it is not in ignorance, but to set them forth that we proceed in this way, Mon. Tall. 154.27 (§ 66) . co rrabe . . . cen dig cen biad, a.¤ 'co immorchor ón taíb co araile, Sc.M² 3 . In sense at all events, however: mór di ḟertaib . . . doróne . . . acht aisnédfimne úaiti do ilib díb, Trip.² 110 . nī himda persa . . . is fessach crēd . . . in bāss geipit, acht nī thernoighit tar aiss amach go bráth, Fl. Earls 70.31 . Note also: munup do saighe selbha a.¤ for ecin `unless he seizes land by force only', Laws iv 26.16 Comm. nídnanaid a crothad nach a flescad a.¤ a nidi `it is no protection to shake or beat it, but only to wash it', Mon. Tall. 155.2 (67) . ná dearbh as a.¤ go hairech, Content. vi 27 .

(i) On cases where the prec. neg. sentence contains a word meaning only: ni hed a méit nonchretidsi act fodaimid fochidi airi `not only do ye believe it but ye endure sufferings therefor', Wb. 23c7 . nípat hé . . . nammá beite isind inducbáil sin a.¤ bieit cit geinti, 4c40 . nirbo chuit eperte tantum act robatar cid ferte dia imthrenugud, 24c5 . ni namá na duile aicside do chumscugud . . . a.¤ ro-chumscaigit gráda nime, PH 152 .

(j) In the idiom a.¤ ní . . . ní not only not . . . but not (cf. sech): a.¤ ní ructaisseom airesom ní rucadsom foraibsom not only could they not get away from him but he could not catch up with them, BDD² 300 and note. a.¤ nis leicim nis étaim, TBC-LL¹ 2334 (= sech LU). a.¤ ni trebad ni coimge, Metr. Dinds. iv 332.36 . a.¤ ni gonab-sa ni gonfa-sa mo moindter-sa, Ériu v 32.23 . a.¤ ní mó a cách ní lugu `not only is it not increasing but it is not less', Otia ii 81.2 . In positive constr.: acht ba dimdach ba debthach, SR 5688 . atbert in drui: a.¤ saerfaithir do mathair doberthar duit na bú as well as freeing your mother the cows will be given to you, IT i 40.x . Note also: a.¤ ní buaid a denam imbáruch is mó is dimbúaid a denam innocht, TBC-LL¹ 1866 .

(k) With cia: cindas rainnfither in mucc . . . cīa indas . . . a.¤ a-rann ar chomramaib in what other way, Sc.M² § 6 . cid, ol si, acht maillechut-sa tú co sír, PH 8262 . Introducing a phrase: cid fil ann didiu (sic leg.) a.¤ amal itcualae, PH 834 . cid fil ann immorro acht ni dechaidh aonnech ina ndocum, Stair Erc. 449 . Note also: aní ná roich lám, cid a.¤, / is écen dam a dúthracht, LU 3935 (`yet' SCC § 44 ).

(l) As quasi-conjunction in idioms with cen (gan): gan é a.¤ i naois ōiglenaib `seeing he was but of young child's age', O'Gr. Cat. 381.13 . gan lios . . . a.¤ lán do dhoire dharach, TD 28.7 . gan duine a.¤ ag dol ar séad, Dán Dé ix 34 . gan duine . . . do dol faoi . . . acht le custam do dhīol `that no one should go under it without paying custom', Fl. Earls 90.4 . brugh. loch. Lugh inand ghabhaid a.¤ gan illradh ag Lugh, IGT Decl. p. 81 § 29 . Note also: ní fuil mac Gaoidhil ná Goill / a.¤ lán dá éanghrádh uile, TD 17.57 . ní bhí leó a urdail a.¤ d'ór /. . ./ cinn a bhfagha suaine a sleagh / nó truaille tana dtroigheadh `they have not so much as the heads of their javelins . . . but is gold', 9.29 .

In introductory phrases: a.¤ chena is alaind cech nderg, LU 3914 ( SCC 43 ). gabhuis Columcille in salm . . . acht cena ni rolegh-som acht aibghiter namá cosin, Lism. L. 823 . a.¤ nammá atáa mí nád n-imthet rí a.¤ cethrur however there is a month when a king goes about accompanied by four only, Críth G. 535 . acht atá ní chena, bar F., is fiach fola ┐ feola dó-som é, TBC-LL¹ 2989 . See also cena. cid (trá) a.¤, cid fil and (trá) a.¤ etc., see trá II(b). a.¤ (mad) énní however, nevertheless, at all events: achtmadh enní, do marbhadh ceithre fir décc [dibh], AFM v 1328.4 . acht aenni, do bitis debtha dermara eturro, Ann. Conn. 1315.4 . acht aen ni . . . bemitt ar aenconair, 1315.8 .

III As subst. ise cuit in achta ann this is the function of the word `acht' in that passage, O'D. 745 (H 3.17 col. 541) (possibly to be referred to 2 acht).

ad-daim

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-daim or dil.ie/417
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: atadomu, atmu, addoimim, -atmaisu, addaim, at[a]im, -ataim, atamaid, ataimet, atndaimet, -atamar, adaimter, atmaid, admha, atnóimed, addomed, atma, ma[d]-damut, a[d]-da(i)mthur, att maither, adrat(h)mae, madrodma, adrogma, adrodma, -ardama, rodmaiter, adrodmaitis, atom-didmae, adndidma, aideb, aitemha, -aidemtha, ademad, -atamar, atamur, addámir, atdámuir, atamatur, adrodamar, adro[da]marsu, -árdamarsu, adrodamair, -árdámar, -ardamair, atramair, adrodamnatar, adrodat, adrodat, -ardat, adrodmad, adrodamas, at(a)maid, ataimid, atmaigid, aititiu, atmáil, atmaithe

v Indic. pres. 1 s. atadomu `I acknowledge thee', RC xxvi 52 § 289 . atmu, TBC-I¹ 409 . addoimim, Mon. Tall. 159.26 . 2 s. -atmaisu, Acr. 10d1 ( Thes. ii 4 ). 3 s. addaim, Mon. Tall. 141.19 . at[a]im gl. confitetur, Ml. 42b26 . -ataim, ZCP xiv 381 § 44 ( Laws ii 308 ). With inf. pron. at naim, O'D. 570 ( H 3.17, 440 - 1 , O'Curry 2421 ( Eg. 88, 33(34)a ; atnoim .i. fulang, 2019 ( H 4.22, 37a ). 1 pl. atamaid, O'D. 1604 (H. 5. 15, 11a). 3 pl. ataimet, Ml. 131d16 . atndaimet (with inf. pron.), Críth G. 279 . Pass. sg. -atamar, Laws v 314.11 . adaimter, 284.30 . Ipv. 2 pl. atmaid, LU 4663 ( TBC-I¹ 201 ). Cf. 2 s. admha (from subj.), A. Ó Dálaigh xlix 9 . ?Impf. 3 s. atnóimed, Metr. Dinds. i 6.16 (leg. addomed, Gloss.).

Subj. pres. 3 s. mani atma , ZCP xiv 382 § 46 ( Laws ii 308 ). slan dineoch adamae, O'Curry 66 (H. 3. 18, 24b). 3 pl. ma[d]-damut, ZCP xiv 373 § 36 ( Laws ii 286 ). Pass. a[d]-da(i)mthur, ZCP xiv 378 § 41 (sic leg. xv 239 ). att maither, Mon. Tall. 133.2 . Perfective. 3 s. adrat(h)mae, O'Curry 65 (H. 3. 18, 24a). madrodma, SM Facs. 19a ( Laws v 384.5 . ). Cf. adrogma, iv 104.24 , adrodma, O'Curry 25 (H. 3. 18, 11a). -ardama, Ériu xii 144.12 . Pass. pl. mad rodmaiter , Laws iv 212.2 . Impf. pass. pl. adrodmaitis, O'Curry 879 (H. 3. 18, 394a).

Fut. 2 s. atom-didmae, Fél. Ep. 494 . 3 s. adndidma, Imr. Brain § 51 . In Mid. and Mod. Ir. with stem aitém-: 1 s. aideb, Leb. Gab.(i) 96.3 . 3 s. aitemha se, O'Curry 1447 (H. 3. 18, 646a). Condit. 2 s. -aidemtha, LB 141b12 . 3 s. ademad, Metr. Dinds. iii 200.14 .

Pret. 2 s. -atamar, SR 1406 . atamur, O'D. 1604 (H. 5. 15, 11a). 3 s. addámir, LU 10930 . atdámuir, 10954 . 3 pl. atamatur, TBC-I¹ 2920 . Perf. 1 s. adrodamar, Acr. 28a2 ( Thes. ii 9 ). 2 s. adro[da]marsu, 7a1 ( Thes. ii 3 ). -árdamarsu, 10c2 ( Thes. ii 4 ). 3 s. adrodamair, Trip.² 1714 . -árdámar, LU 10735 . -ardamair, 9171 . ? atramair, Leb. Gab.(i) 274.14 . 3 pl. adrodamnatar. O'Curry 69 (H. 3. 18, 25a) = Ériu i 214.6 . Pass. s. adrodat, ZCP viii 314.1 . The form atroat .i. aititnighit, O'Dav. 114 = 154 may be for adrodat (supra). Cf. also Laws i 156.26 Comm. -ardat, ZCP xv 320 § 13 . O'Dav. 1301 (see Ériu xii 200 ). adrodmad, Laws iv 100.8 Comm. (cf. O'Dav. 114 ). adrodamas .i. rodaimed, Auraic. 135 (adrodmus, v.l.).

From the mid. Ir. period on as simple verb at(a)maid, ataimid, atmaigid, with fut. stem aitém- and s-pret.. See also aitit(n)igid. IGT Verbs § 68 .

Vn. aititiu, later atmáil. Part. atmaithe.

(a) acknowledges, admits, concedes, confesses: issamlid atadaimet cia chrechtnaigthi nathir mani eple de `they recog- nize them', gl. ei admovent (sic leg.), ut pangat, colubra; cum pupugerit, si de genere sit, uiuere, si non sit, mori, Sg. 181a5 . glé lim atom-didmae `that Thou wilt acknowledge me', Fél. Ep. 494 . adndidma F. mac n-dóu `F. will acknowledge him as his own', Imr. Brain § 51 . atndaimet do thoísiuch, Críth G. 279 `they acknowledge him as leader', notes. adtaimet immac do Etarscel they acknowledge him as son of E., Ériu vi 135.58 . uair atodaimet fir h-Erend úasaib ar allud. LU 8815 ( FB 61 ). secht n-aile . . . nad usa adrodmaither a ratha sureties for which are not easily agreed upon (?), Laws v 270.14 . —gaib it láim mo fáesom . . . —atmu, ol C., LU 4896 ( TBC-I¹ 409 ). atdaim nafoeige, SM Facs. 46a `one adopts what he does not disallow', Laws iii 8.y . ma'd-rodma fine, ZCP xiv 381 § 44 ( Laws ii 308 ). atamatur a moirseiser made the like avowal, TBC-I¹ 2920 . ní árdámar A. dó (i.e. the reason for his illness), LU 10735 (TE). ni ro-ataim in topur d'fagbail `did not confess that he had found the well', RC xxiv 198.11 . pennit dib linaib . . . conidatma nechdar de, Ériu vii 158.32 . admaim mo clodh d'O. I acknowledge ny defeat by O., Fier. 72 . admhuighis ríoghan na hAlban gurab í máthair Bhranduibh do rug Aodhán, Keat. ii 6358 . cia admhas m'anamsa accepts(?), Dán Dé iv 1 . gach duine . . . admhuigheas . . . teagasg . . . Iosa Críosd `professes', Donlevy 392.23 .

(b) consents to, accedes to, grants, allows: adrodamair láim Patraic do gabail ar Choirpre allowed P. to be taken captive, Trip.² 1714 . atdámuir Mongán fobith a énech granted (a request), LU 10954 . adrodamnatar Pátraic ┐ fir Érenn . . . a buith samla[id] agreed that it should be so, Ériu i 214.6 . co nach nadmadh nech a rādh / coimes (sic leg.) aigi is Crīst so that none need allow it to be said that he is in rivalry with C. (one of the reasons why man is not permitted to know the length of his life), ZCP vii 301 § 5 . atdamam pennait forainn we are prepared to do penance Lism. L. 2166 .

(c) avows, reveals, makes known; declares: atmam `we declare', ZCP viii 272 § 63 . ni fuighthear aoinneach . . . aiteumhus nach urusa . . . who will assert, MS. Mat. 575.21 . gach comaoin . . . aideomhaidh `will declare', PBocht 25.25 . do adaimh sníomh na nedh nóir / an fedh do chóidh ó chígh chuain showed how far he had travelled, Rel. Celt. ii 226.3 . addamhat combaoi fíon . . . leó, Hugh Roe 8.8 . sul do aidéumhadh ēinpheacadh dhīobh (of confessor who is entrusted with sins of others), Parrth. Anma 2932 . Cf. atmad .i. abradh, O'Dav. 12 .

? ad-glé

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? ad-glé or dil.ie/461

v dá deich mbliadhan atgleam / ar naoi cétaibh as moam, AFM ii 606.16 . ?o rig Caisil adglési (: Dési) claidem co nór (ni chlé se, v.l.), Leb. Cert. 82.6 . is isin . . . asbert-som cet aer adgleoad a nErind riam that was ever composed in Ireland(?), YBL 138a5 . Cf. as-gleinn.

admat

Cite this: eDIL s.v. admat or dil.ie/498

n o, m. vn. formation from *ad-moin-, see Celtica iv 46 and i 339 .

(a) invention, contrivance; device, artifice: bid hé corp ar n-aicde / a.¤ na ba tíamdae, Fél. Prol. 293 . gnim tanaissi . . . a.¤ adfét in scriptúir . . . bacc iairnn cech oenfir the second thing they made, an object which Scripture tells of, was an iron hook for each man, SR 4202 (of the construction of the Ark) (= is é gním tánaise dorigned ann . . . baccán iarinn cech aenduine, Celtica iv 30 ). glé ni hinunn seis na smacht / gne na hintliucht, na a.¤ craft (of the animal creation), SR 7266 . isochma do Día coro cumtaige cen adbar . . . cech n-a.¤ no cech n-aicde bes áil dó, LU 2601 . suí cech admait conna rabi riam . . . goba bad ferr, LL 13566 . greas for indeoin, admad a ceardca, tirad a n-aith, Laws v 474.2 . aithgabail goband . . . gat im indeoin ┐ apud nad derna atmat fuirri, ii 118.23. Comm. ingean Mhuireadha Meas fial-nar / ca hadmad caem ar nar' chlis, Ériu x 84 § 79 . Hence material esp. timber: atá an t-adhmat benta isin coilledh aguind (for building a church), BNnÉ 237 § 163 . ag tarraing an adhmaid on coilled, 238 § 164 . rugadar clocha . . . ┐ an tadhmad, 1 Kings xv 22 . In follg. passage glossed .i. foglaim (falso inference?): adhmad .i. foglaim . . . deismirecht aile ann gurab inann adhmad ┐ foglaim, amail adeir isin Breisligh . . . Cuin do raghtar fris? . . . co nderntar tri gaiscid linne . . . .i. adhmat sechtmaine. Is mithig duin . . . erfuagra uan for firu Erenn. Nocha mithigh . . . uair adhmad sechtmaine is adhmad secht mbliadna .i. aon la cacha bliadna . . . fri denam na ngae, O'Curry 977 (H. 3.18, 422) (from Aided Con Culainn). So also Thurn. Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. ii 15.28 (from H. 3.18, 601) `Stoff für eine Woche' etc., `material for study practice', Plummer MS. notes.

(b) poetical composition, poem: Flann mac Lonán . . . .cc. in t-adhmadsa isin lo iarna marbad, Irish Texts i 24.18 . do nithi leisiom an laoidh / an drecht sa t-adhmad d'entaoibh ZCP ii 352.11 . airligud in dine (.i. in diune) cach fir dana, dian prim-a.¤ no prim-cerdd i n-aga a erco, Laws v 372.x . is mithigh anes o eigsibh / a meic, sguir d' adhmhad tre aiebh, Ériu x 88 § 109 . ní thuillfeadh san adhmad-sa / an deachmhadh cuid dod chaithréim in this composition, DDána 120.37 . aithris dí na mharbhlaoidh más adhmad dúinn, Ó Bruad. iii 226 § ii . dá ndeachoinn do dheilbh adhmoid, Studies 1920, 263.11 . adhmad beag andso do rinde M. Séon Carsuel (a poem directing his book on its course), Carswell p. 24 . ní marbhnaid bud dáothan dó / mar ṡaothar adhmaid énbhó, IGT Decl. ex. 649 .

ad-muinethar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-muinethar or dil.ie/505

Forms: admuiniur, admuinter, admunemar, aithmet

v (*ath-moin-(muin-), Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 580 ). Indic. pres. 1 s. admuiniur, Thes. ii 250.3 . 2 s. admuinter, Fél. Oct. 2 . 1 pl. admunemar, Thes. ii 349.4 . Vn. aithmet.

Lit. remembers, calls to mind; usually with ref. to saints, patrons, etc., hence commemorates, calls on, invokes: Eleuther in martir / admuinter (.i. adamraigther .i. bendaicher) a feili, Fél.² Oct. 2 = armuinter, Fél. cainbrec atmuinemar / brōen fīona fīradbail (in praise of Cainnech), ACL iii 219 § 1 . admuiniur sa Mothairén . . . romainse . . . ar cach nolc, SG 389.39 . admuinemar in caillig .i. bennachmaid, O'Curry 1464 (H 3.18, p. 651). In invocations against danger, etc.: admunemar (.i. bennaichmait no ailmit) mo Brígi . . . rop imdegail diar cuire, Thes. ii 349.4 (Hy. v). ar intiuch anaichnid / admuiniur mór-itge / maicc Eithne ainm I call upon the name of the son of E. (i.e. Colum Cille) in a great prayer against the unknown path(?), ZCP viii 286 § 2 ( Rawl. 107a24 ) ( admuniu móritge, LU 1182 ). ? mad oen fri oen n-uathad admuind findmac nEithnend, LL 14193 . Of a medicament: admuinur in slánicid foracab dian cecht lia muntir `I put my trust in the salve which Diancecht left with his family', Thes. ii 249.8 . admuiniur secht n-ingena [trethan] / dolbte snāthi macc n-āesmar `I invoke the seven daughters of the Sea', Misc. Hib. 19 § 1 ( IT iii 53.10 ). admuiniur teora ingena Flithais, LB 99.35 . ?ní coisc mná admainiur mórgnímaib asa coscaib glé (rhetoric), Ériu i 118 § 9 . admuinemur .i. tiagmaid ina muinigin, Lec. Gl. 67 . Cf. atmenad , atmuilniur.

aigide

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aigide or dil.ie/934

adj io, iā (aig) icy: glass uar errach a., Ériu vii 4 § 3 . uar a.¤ i ngabras airrbe, 6 § 7 . co n-acasa in gaíth n-úair n-aigidi, LU 9240 . In n.loc. connice in Muir n-A.¤ (: gle ), LL 16283 .

aínid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aínid or dil.ie/1394

v (2 aín) fasts, keeps a fast: intí óinas gl. qui non manducat, Wb. 6b19 . ro aínius mo thredan, LU 1322 . ri ró aen rothro[i]sc co glé / cethrachait lá ┐ aidche, SR 7573 . fri nech aoines sīrthroscad, ZCP vii 311 § 20 . ōene chorgais ronāin Crīst (raoein, v.l.), xiii 28.11 . roainestar S. . . . aine trédenosta, PH 346 . is-in t-sapoit . . . is innte no-áintís apstail, 331 . āinis i n-ūarc[h]arcroib / for lecoib lānglassoib (of Cainnech), ACL iii 220.5 . ro aoín siumh treadhan, AFM vi 2126.5 . Níceit, Iouian . . . ris n-aenim against whom I fast (to gain a petition), Gorm. May 5 . áintir tredan lasin eclais ┐ lasin túaith a three days fast is fasted, Ériu ii 204 § 22 . ainter ar Mac ṅDe ṅdegmoir / is sé seo cóir na háine let a fast be made for the sake of God's Son, LL 363 marg. inf. Note also: lán eneclann a leith risin tí aintir and `who is made to fast', Laws v 122.2 Comm.

airlamaigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airlamaigid or dil.ie/2170

Forms: airlamugud

v (airlam) prepares, makes ready (trans.): roerlamaigit (ro hurlaimead v.l.) leis a grega ┐ a damrada, RC xiii 88 § 106 . roerrlamhaidh I. sciath gle gel, x 184.4 . itchondcadar mo shuile int slanti do orlamaich tu a fiadnaisi nann-uile pobul `quod parasti' YBL 148b31 . go ro erlamhaightís na harbhanna `that they might save the corn crops', AFM vi 2212.21 . Esp. of preparing food: roerlamhaigh biadh do Brigit, Lism. L. 1461 . ro hurlumaiged bandsi, TTebe 703 . roerlamaigset in cháisc, PH 5043 . ro iorlamhaighsit . . . do bhior ┐ do choire, TFrag. 72.14 . fo aicnedh na trebhe in ro urlamaighidh mbraich, O'D. 523 ( H 3.17, c. 425 ). ro tarlait a teinti ┐ ro h-urrlamaigit a cairig, Mer. Uil. 17 . go ro urlamhaigh Dobhtha . . . an proinn dona cléircibh, BNnÉ 24 § 7 .

Rarely intrans. ra iorlamhaigh dano Cerbhall ar amus an catha sain, TFrag. 176.12 . Vn. airlamugud.

alam

Cite this: eDIL s.v. alam or dil.ie/2883

Forms: alaim, alum, alaim, alma, albi

n [n. ?] g s. alaim, RC xv 308.17 . d s. alum, RC xxv 34.13 . alaim, LU 4658 . Also alma. Note n p. albi, TBC-LL¹ 3397 etc. herd, flock: nocho mberthar uaimse eit na halma ass, LU 5029 (TBC). sceó gaib genin almi ét ar mórslúag (rhet.), 5426 (ib.). ocht fichit oss nallaid ... i n-aénalaim, 4658 (ib.). co n-étaib ┐ co nalmaib, 2934 . na halma ┐ na himmirgi, TBC-LL¹ 1592 . in daim ba mó dond almai, LU 1894 . nidat grega sin ... acht alma ┐ éiti ┐ innili, MU² 389 . ... bar nalmai bar n-indile, Alex. 216 . a.¤ na n-alta i slébib, 1009 . barann ... na n-os ┐ na n-alma, CCath. 4351 . a chrod náit a n-alma, Acall. 4189 . ocdaim na n-almad, TTebe 1404 . With following gen. or partitive DI: a.¤ bo, BNnÉ 303 § 11 . almai énlaithe, LU 8662 ( FB § 49 ). almha fhiadh, ITS xvi 54.21 . a.¤ n-oss, LU 5161 (TBC). con faccatar in n-a.¤ (ealba, v.l. St.) do aigib alta, TBC-LL¹ 1317 . a.¤ mór di ossaib, Imr. Brain ii 288.28 . Of persons: ... almaib loech, linib comruma, IT ii1 183.236 . almaib gle (cheville), Rawl. 85a4 .

Cf. 1 elba.

andess

Cite this: eDIL s.v. andess or dil.ie/3491
Last Revised: 2013

(dess). Cf. aneasan, Bard. Synt. Tr. 215.6 . Adv. of place stressed on the second syll.

(a) from the right: occá sirḟegad imme anair ┐ aníar anes ┐ atúaid, LU 2028 ( FA 10 ). frim andess gl. dessom `to the right of me', Thes. ii 350.32 .

(b) from the south: duimchella son in cathraig andes ┐ aníar ┐ antuaid, Ml. 67d8 . a.¤ in gel gle, amra (of the south wind), SR 70 , cf. Laws i 26.33 Comm. roerig in gaeth andeas, TTebe 278 . do lluid a-mmaidm a.¤ for Beluch S., Sc.M² 20 . co n-acus . . . a n-indread . . . andeas, BDD² 238 . táncatar rompa anes, Acall. 1008 . With the idea of motion much reduced, in the south: indalanái antúaid alaile a.¤ gl. nam duae arcti sunt, Sg. 67b22 . conidfarcaib la German / andes i ndeisciurt Letha, Thes. ii 311.2 (Hy. ii). huarda a.¤ is uarda atuaid (the frigid zones), SR 157 , cf. Laws i 28.22 Comm. i tāib na ratha a leath aneas, ZCP i 104.32 . mac rig na ṅDeissi a.¤ hé, Acall. 2606 . (cryptic) aninches .i. andes, Goid. 78 § 191 (Dúil Laithne) , ZCP xlix-l 612 .

With fri south of: fri muir galile andess, ZCP xxi 288 § 42 . riund andes atá in slúag, MU² 303 . gia mag . . . in cúlach ruind aness, TBC-LL¹ 1215 . a.¤ do on the south of: amal rundgab sliab sion andes ┐ antuaid dun chathraig, Ml. 67d14 . cusin tráigh . . . leth an[d]es d'Ḟ., Acall. 837 . With prec. di: sliab sión diandes on the south, Ml. 67a2 (cf. díanechtair).

? animgnaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? animgnaid or dil.ie/3650
Last Revised: 2013

ind is maith ane in lāa . . . is glē bid airrdric ┐ bid a.¤ intī gēbas gaisced and, TBC-I¹ 570 . Perh. corruption of ainetargnaid, Stories from Táin p. 44 . Compd. of ainmm, Krause, ZCP xxii 138 - 139 + gnáth having lasting renown, fame Ulidia i 258-59 .

as-gleinn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. as-gleinn or dil.ie/4435
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: in-gleinn, asglenninn, eclaimm, ecailse, ecailsi, eclastai

v (* ess-glenn-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 539 ). Also in-gleinn. investigates, examines. Indic. pres. 1 s. a ḟir ḟergaile adgliunn, RC xxiv 48 § 6 . 2 s. inní nadneclainnisiu gl. non . . . discutis, Ml. 64a4 . 3 s. asngleinn gl. exscultat (for auscultat), 105d9 . a n-asglinn gl. descutiens, 70a12 . atgleinn assa aicniud fessin gl. introspicit, 61a8 . 3 pl. inglennat gl. uestigant, Ml. 137c2 . Indic. impf. 1 s. asglenninn (asgleinn MS) gl. uentilabam, Ml. 96a4 . 3 pl. co rúnaib atglenntis `with mysteries they used to search it out', Fél. July 30 , cited also O'Dav. 1042 where glossed: tuirdis no foglaindis gu sians. Subj. pres. 2 s. ingléis gl. rimare potes, Ml. 140c7 . 3 s. with ro: nech fodordai . . . ┐ nachidergail `anyone who murmurs . . . and does not examine into it', Ériu vii 162 § 7 . Pret. 3 s. atgaill grammataig greic .i. ┐ ro foiglainn `he learned Greek grammar', ACC 123 . ? nad ecail gl. indiscusum, Ml. 56c8 . nad ro eglaind ac nech aile ríam . . . acht a ndenum uad féin, TBC-LL¹ 3742 . See also under ad-glé .

Vn. eclaimm. Part. ecailse. Vbl. of necess. ecailsi, eclastai.

as-noí

Cite this: eDIL s.v. as-noí or dil.ie/4465
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: énod, énud

v (*ess-noí-, Ériu xxxix 110 ). vows : asnoi an drai tar dea ba fir `he swore', Hib. Min. 50.7 (asnai, isno v.ll., RC vi 178 n. ). adnuu ón adnuu / da reis S. co cruu / nocos fáecebad la biu / atabiu com luu, LU 9696 ( ZCP iii 216.4 ). adnuu or si / ní ric S. co cruu, 9700 . ? nach trom trág ba dochthaib eícsi asṅdó armomenmain muir mulu már, IT iii 51 § 95 ( asno, BB 304a6 ). ? is glé cid tressa a rig / ┐ cid letha a bil / nícon cumaing ar asnu (airisnua v.l.) / arumfosta i cridiu, Fianaig. 24.14 ( nicon cumangar asnu, 23 N 10, 53.12 = osna?) `he cannot slay me I vow', Hull, Mod. Lang. Notes, June 1942 p. 434 .

Vn. énod, énud (see enod ?, enuda).

? 1 bairne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? 1 bairne or dil.ie/5238

n ba hé ar ṅgním glan gle / isind aithliu i mb.¤ , LL 331c25 . N. loc.?

bolgán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bolgán or dil.ie/6358
Last Revised: 2013

n o, m. (1 bolg) belly, midriff; middle, centre; bag: bolgan .i. buillscén no meadhón, O'Cl. ro ghabh nathraigh mbí ar b.¤ (bolccán, v.l.) ina glaic `by the belly', CCath. 4194. peata reithe . . . ┐ bolgān glē-geal aige, Feis Tighe Chonáin 508. In comic name: meic bolgāin buic bánghlain ` midriff ', MacCongl. 35.4 . gearán . . . na ttonn . . . re taobhaibh ┐ re bolgánaibh na leathánluinge bulging sides, Dhá Sgéal Art. 1050. go bronn-lár nó go b.¤ na bruidhne sin `very centre' (Vocab.), TSh. 6649. coa mbolganaib up to their shafts (?) (of spears), LL 10005 ( TBC-LL¹ 2952 ). ras-gabastar chuci ara balcb.¤ (a spear), TTr. 962 ( LL 31773 ). ar bolganaib a slegh ┐ ar imdornaib a cloidem, Ériu viii 32.23 . an b.¤ soighiod = quiver, Isaiah xvii 6.

In phr. b.¤ belc(h)e, see belc(h)e.

1 cáem

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cáem or dil.ie/7590

Forms: cáomh

adj I o, ā

(a) dear, precious, beloved; belonging to the family : gaibid immib a n-etach macc cóimsa amal no ndad maicc cóima gl. sicut electi Dei, Wb. 27b16 ( GOI 224 ). im chorpu aiso coim `of their loved ones', Ml. 65c3 . inna gell choima .i. in maicc són `the dear pledges', 123c9 . co Críst coem tar dili `dear beyond affection', Fél. Ep. 66 . caem cách co hÉtain, BDD² 44 . caem incele coimshearcach, IT iii 12 § 19 . carthannacht cháomh, Párl. na mB. 2726 . ba caeom (coem, v.l.) do chlu, TTebe 3383 . In sense of noble (see II (a) below): beritt a n-aithbíu ┐ a marbu cóemu condicce airther R., Ériu iii 141.204 . In n. pr. Echtra Condla Chaim (title of a tale), LU 9991 . Conla Cáem, LL 13447 . mael caem, name of a metre, IGT Metr. Faults § 92 . Of objects dear, precious, valuable : cid cóem cid dichóem (of furniture). Críth G. 225 . sét cáeim, TBFr. 330 . cet[h]ri dorais ind cen brōn / bith oc ōl tria bitha sír / turib ciprib ūair is cæm / cōel fo tuighib d'itib en (of a house), ZCP viii 108.14 . ro dilaitriccsiot a ttemplu caemhu cumhdachta, Cog. 40.27 . cathbarra caem, Stair Erc. 735 . Of clothes: tlacht caom, ML² 499 . lenti . . . coema, Cog. 160.30 co n-edaigib caema . . . ar[a] eochaib, TTebe 4437 .

In phrase is c.¤ la: la Crist . . . / . . . it cóimseom they are beloved by Christ, Fél. Sept. 2 . nipo chóim less frinn gl. qui etiam proprio Filio non pepercit, Romans viii 32 , Wb. 4b12 . doberar fīn dō . . . corbo mesc ┐ asber fris, ba cōem leōsom a llindsin, nī tobrad acht ere .l. fēn leō they considered that wine precious, they had only brought a load of fifty carts(?), TBC-I¹ 1536 ( LU 6004 ); whence, mistakenly, caem .i. beg, ut est: ba caem leósum in linn, Ériu xiii 67 § 79 . coemh no caomh .i. beag, O'Cl. caomh .i. beag, P. O'C. Note also: caem .i. terc ut est inti dia mbi caeimiu in cethra .i. is terci, O'Dav. 484 , corresp. to: dia mbi caime in cethra, Laws iii 464.4 Comm. O'Curry 1388 ( H 3.18, 630ab ) adds: uair caem gach diuir ┐ diuir gach terc etc. = 230 ( H 3.18, 125 ).

(b) fair, beautiful, lovely : it cóema na heich am cóemsa dano a maccán ol Cu., LU 5070 (TBC). mo chú ch.¤ chain, TBC-LL¹ 530 . laoch caomh, TBC St. 4228 . cuirp coema, Cog. 178.12 . a M. in c[h]rotha caímh, ML² 47 . caomha na cláir ad-chífe lovely the lands, DDána 66.4 . fuinn chaomha Caisil, 74.14 . rath na cathrach caoimhe, Keat. Poems 1508 . grís chaomh ar car a smáile, IGT Decl. ex. 1066 . an mhaidin chaomh, ML² 1670 (see also , compds. infra). Of speech: coil ┐ cóim `simple and beautiful', Sg. 26a10 . briathra cóema cúmtaigthe, PH 314 . fitting, suitable, appropriate : ma do ti dam caem, Laws i 122.7 Comm. Of gender: aicned caemh . . . is i a sron no a suil na mna. Aicned n-eitigh . . . is i a fhiacail no a bhel na mna i.e. a.c. occurs when the parts of the body cited agree in gender with the sex of the person, Auraic. 598 , 3129 . ruidlius do indsge aiccenta caom. Dilius do indsge aiccenta euccaom, 3708 . Adv. ríg Connacht c.¤ doscomort `well he smote them', Arch. Hib. ii 62 § 50 , cf. coemh .i. coimhéimh .i. coimhésgaidh, O'Cl. caomh prompt, ready, willing , P. O'C.

Compar. ingen ríg bad chaímiu oldás, BDD² 79 . dírimm bas choímiu, TBFr. 47 . .ix. mna comiu mnaib, BB 355a19 . ben robo caoime cruth . . . inas, Stair Erc. 5 . Superl. ba sí . . . as caemeam . . . de mnáib domain, BDD² 41 . fer . . . as caíme di laechaib Hérenn, 959 . daoine . . . is caoimhe cruth, Measgra D. 16.13 .

II Subst. o, m. cáomh m., IGT Decl. § 96 .

(a) friend, relation; comrade : cach óen scaras . . . fria chóem ┐ a charait, LU 4506 ( TBC-I¹ 23 ). dia chaim no dia charait, SR 4144 . ni aithgnead cóemu na cairdiu, LU 5921 . dia ch.¤ .i. dia chloind ┐ dia shetchib, LB 143a35 . cen choim cen gilla, Rawl. 142b1 . d'furtacht chaeím, na coiccele, AFM vi 2266.17 . síol gCéin ba caomh d'éileachaibh, Content. xxix 26 . Cf. sainchóim ind ríg gl. maxime fidelium, Wb. 28d5 .

(b) noble, aristocrat : caemh .i. uasal, ut est caiti faill caem? . . . .i. in t-uasal cen fiallus manchuine ica comét, O'Dav. 521 . coem .i. comes .i. coemtechtaige rīg .i. nī bī fer dond rīg quam illi unde caem dicitur , O'Mulc. 235 . coim Ereand, Anecd. i 3.10 ( SCano 53 ). eter rígu ┐ chaemu, BDD² 53 . in tan con-gair Fīnsnechta / cucai a chōemu huile, Corp. Gen. 77.17 . do rochair for rí ┐ do rochratar for coím, LL 276a35 . oc togerad c.¤ nErenn, Dinds. 117 ( RC xvi 68 ). na diamra ro chrech in c.¤ , LL 4364 . áilim Mothairén in breo / tabrad ceo darm' chaemusa (: Aengusa), SG 389.42 . blaī būaid cuirmthige co coīmaib the privilege of the ale-feast with nobles (one of the occasions on which a lord is exempt if subjects are hurt), ZCP xi 93 § 28 . Hence used of company, entertainment : caem .i. fledh (quoting the prec. ex.), Ériu xiii 66 § 68 . caomh .i. fleadh, P. O'C. banchóem female noble , see 1 ben. By inference(?): cóem .i. fili [ut est] a chóemu cláir Cuinn cóemfind. O'Dav. 363 . caomha .i. eolaidh no uaisle, O'Cl. ni coí crábaid diar caemaib, LL 591 ( .i. d'eolchaibh, Leb. Gab.(i) 66.16 note). Cf. maccoím.

(c) fair or beautiful object or person: 'sin choem chomardach, LB 124b11 = 'san chaomh chomhordhach, Keat. iii 2054 (of a flag). 'na chaomh béime a beauty of a stroke, Párl. na mB. 3261 . baili na cluinter caem na failti na cumsanad, YBL 86a8 . teacht i gcaomh chaomhnach ar gcairdis ghrinn, Hackett² xxvii 2 . Of a person: rap í in ch.¤ a chetmunter the beautiful one was his wife, LL 17766 . Maodócc an caomh cneis-réidh `M. the fair', BNnÉ 261 § 221 .

Compds. Of family relationships: caomhathair, caomhmathair, caomhaide, caomhmuime, caomhbhrathair, caoimhsiur, caomhaindear, caoimchele, caomcomalta, go mba hógh go lúi lethdire, dia mbeid aoinbheóil aoinchiche etc.., Ériu xiii 16.14 . ben cen caemchéile spouse, CCath. 2233 . dia chaomh chenel fein, AFM iv 1374.1 . ní fhágfadh ben dinn 'ga coimhfher mate, Ériu i 16.12 . ón ti is comfocus do da caimfine, Laws ii 284.15 Comm. accomul a comuir doib re caemfine, 358.19 Comm.

General. With nouns: ar a chaomhairilleadh, ┐ ar a deighbhésaiph, Hy Fiach. 76.2 . caembachall fri hursclaidhe uadh (weapon for a cleric), Laws iv 360.21 Comm. at soer im cach coemcha[i]ṅgein / amal iasc bis hi trethain, SR 8195 . addeoch-sa na coemcainle (caindel) saints, LL 1021 . Cirine cruit coemhchiuil, Gorm. 30 . manid gau dó tria choemcheilg because of his lucky snaring(?), SR 2866 . tria choemchēil, Fing. R. 660 . tucsat ar coemching hi cacht, LB 228 marg. inf. cliath ra heclais mairg dogní / do neoch danáil a chaimchlí, LL 19301 . ata muir imma coemchness, Rawl. 77b32 . fri inmescad cóemchóecat, LU 8889 ( FB 68 ). mo shaoth a chaomh-chorp i gcróchor, Keat. Poems 19 . im chóemchostud na fledi fair arrangement of the feast, MU² 211 . ferr cīall inā cæmchruth (prov.), ZCP vi 260.23 . in cú ruadh . . . / comad táisech caemchuaine leader of a fair pack (used ironically), SG 57.2 . oslaicfitir coemdoirsi, SR 8189 . dúthracht cennsa ┐ . . . / cāemdūdracht, ZCP viii 215.2 . cupáin aici is caeimeascra, Acall. 783 . A. cóemfer, Gorm. Apr. 16 . ar fedh caomh-fód (fhóid, v.l.) a chrioch féin, BNnÉ 259 § 218 . ar egnairc na caom-geine (of Christ). Ir. Lit. 98.1 . As n.pr. do Chaemgen, LL 27272 . coro chuired re Cond cóemgleó, 3252 . car an chaoimh-láoi, RC xxix 112 § 7 . Flaith Fáil car an cháomhlaithi / ag car áir na hénlaithe, IGT Decl. ex. 132 . i fhorbtha . . . in chaem-laithi cedna, MR 106. 12 . Eua co coemlí, SR 2082 . caomhloisi .i. caomhlasair, O'Cl. amal timsaigit oíc . . . ceatra for carrcib co cáemlucht cruaid, Alex. 358 . dho chaomhmaisi an chlobhsdra `decency', RSClára 44.14 . coemrád, SR 2750 . nírop seóta sír-thaiscius / sernas do cách caémhratha `who apportions good grants to everyone', Leb. Cert.² 150.24 . a Chú cosin caemriagail, TBC-LL¹ 3672 . co mbad chennach dia cóemréir, LU 4296 ( SG 84. 25 ). no co cumad a caemrus (:tūs) `compact', Fen. 362.2 (see rús). in ghleiri caemshluaigh (of a poetic company). Auraic. 2229 . domun cona choemsoillsi, SR 8191 . dorochair di a coemthlacht, 1296 . nogegainn mo chōimthoga, ZCP vi 267 § 11 . oenanart tairsiu anechtair / coemthoracht cia comnertaid, SR 4286 . coemthuicsin cach neich, 8000 . cáomh-thúarasgbhail na banoighe, Ériu v 88.24 .

With noun forming adj.: Cathbad cóemainech, IT i 68.14 . coemainech cloth bán, 70.2 .

With adjj.: inghen cruthach caomhaluinn, RC xxix 140 § 61 . rigon . . . chaemcasto, IT i 145.5 (corresp. to cæmgasta, ZCP v 502.16 ). mac d'Airectonius caemcialla Tros, BB 412a21 . Críst cóemdil, Trip.² 1631 . Cirill crinna caemdruin, Gorm. March 9 . cathmīlid cōemḟata, Corp. Gen. 8.10 . fer cáemḟuar, Mer. Uil. 250 . in ingen chéilligh c[h]oimghenmnaigh, Ériu v 148.30 . carn-ḟolt caomh-ghlan, Keat. Poems 68 . cen gúasacht coemnar, SR 1037 . co coimsolom, BB 45a16 . banscal cruthnach coemtrebar, SR 6296 .

With adjj. derived from nouns: a Ch. chaemchlessach, TBC-LL¹ 3542 . ar miasaib coimdenmacha cruindi, TTebe 468 . o chloidheamh . . . coimealtach, IT iii 12 § 19 . Caillin caemfertach, Fen. 194.15 . Ō C. caemhfhuighlech, Caithr. CC 85 . cáemgnéach (of a hero), LL 6700 ( RC xxix 211 § 2 ). coemhichtaig .i. coemgnimaig gl. cumachtaig, ACC 42 ( RC xx 176 ). taidiu corach caemlindtech. Acall. 2674 v.l. a ccuanta caomhthurcarthacha, AFM vi 2362.19 .

With verbs: .vii. ṁbliadna a coic ro chaemchaith, LL 14962 . cororcoemchinni co gle / nitgluase, nitchumscaige, SR 1619 . cia crabud nar caemfhuill `did he not lovingly increase', Gorm. Sept. 23 . naomhcathir . . . cus caomhthathaig an muir mall, ZCP x 53.12 . With partt. fon sruth coemcoisrectha duly consecrated, TTebe 3608 . sciath . . . go ttri rothaibh caoimhdhentha credumha, ZCP x 279.21 .

1 cáemdae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cáemdae or dil.ie/7607

adj io, iā = 1 cáem in later sense of fair, beautiful : cruth gle, coemda, SR 727 . cathmīlid cōemda (: nōemda), Corp. Gen. 4.55 . ainm cóemdae, Fél. May 12 . comarc cóemdae, Aug. 5 . sech cach coemdai methil (of the Holy Innocents), Dec. 28 . Coelan coemhdha, Gorm. Oct. 29 . praind cain caemdha, Anecd. i 63 § 114 . a bean rochaemda, RC xxiii 400.5 . ? As subst.: caoimhdhe (: aoibhne) a gcaidreabh 's a gcumainn, Measgra D. 51.56 .

1 cairt

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cairt or dil.ie/7950

Forms: cairte, charta, cairte, gcartaibh

n f. (Lat. charta) g s. cairte. a p. gan charta , DDána 44.11 . cairte, IGT Decl. ex. 22 . d p. i gcartaibh , Ó Bruad. iii 16.x . Also k, IGT Decl. § 186 . Cf. qrta (q with suprascript a), Ann. Conn. 1235.29 (note) = quarta, ALC i 332.9 .

(a) manuscript, parchment, book : c.¤ .i. do memrum is nomen .i. a carta , Corm. Y 313 . du scribunt hi c.¤ ón `on parchment', Ml. 119a6 . tabraidh c.¤ meamraim duindi co scribum, YBL 149b1 . C. ┐ L. ro scríbsat hi cartib ar leith .i. c.¤ gach fir . . . ┐ ro ergetar iarsin ┐ a carti leo, LB 227a 3 - 5 . is e ro-scríb i c.¤ soscela, PH 8364 . c.¤ mo locht list, DDána 59.4 . ainm an fhíréin sgríobhtha i gc.¤ na beatha book of life, TSh. 1416 . creidthe gníomh roimh chaint is ch.¤ , Hackett² xlii 138 . as iomdha leabhar léighthear ┐ as iomdha c.¤ chuartuighthear, Mac Aingil 4719 . Of an exemplar: tuic mar a deir in c.¤ .i. Leabur Dabi Uí Deoradáin, O'D. 1975 ( Eg. 90, 9a ). do sgriobhus an betha so . . . asan cc.¤ do sgriobus féin asan leabhar (colophon), BNnÉ 289 n. 4 . an c.¤ as ar tairrngedh an choip si `vellum', CS 10. 10 . ni me as cintuch risna focluib dichéillaidi ata isin mbethaid-si, acht an drochch., Lism. L. 4527 .

Appar. specifically eight pages : do reir tri bpighin an duillthaobh, no dha sgilline an ch.¤ , Flower Cat. 383.12 .

(b) written charter; right, claim : iad-sidhén do chuimhnigh i ccartaibh ┐ a laoidhibh, Celtica i 93.172 . c.¤ ┐ dinntiur `deed and indenture', Trans. RIA 53.15 . slat do glé im c.¤ gach cúigid a scion who decided(?) the charter of each province. Ériu iv 222.4 . iarraidh cairte to seek a title, Content. v 101 . rí . . . / 'gá dtá an t-eineach i gcartaigh, DDána 120.7 . síodh . . . / do sgríobh . . . i gcartaigh cígh (of the Redeemer), Aithd. D. 84.5 . c.¤ pheinn phápa na Rómha. Arch. Hib. i 88 § xxx . badh c.¤ le clannaibh claonghall `would be thought a charter', Content. xii 5 . beid Albannaigh ag cóimhlíonadh a gcart, O'Rah. 142.7 . tug a dhúthaigh . . . / do cheannuidhe i gc.¤ mharbhthaigh `mortgage', A. Ó Dálaigh 1 10 . sealbh a chairte d'fhear anma an King chéadna `is to recover his chartered rights', Ó Bruad. iii 14.20 . lé c.¤ an chreidimh ┐ lé bulla an bhaistidhe, TSh. 3324 .

In phr. c.¤ ar chartered right to: cartacha nuaa . . . do thabhairt . . . ar Chenél Moáin, AFM v 1328.16 . is c.¤ do na glasGhallaib ar gach nGaoidheltír. Caithr. Thoirdh. 100.28 . faicim do ch.¤ ar an ndignit si, Luc. Fid. 5061 .

With descript. or obj. gen.: re c.¤ chloidhimh by military conquest, O'Hara 2063 . Cf. Ir. Syll. Poetry 64 § 12 note. i gc.¤ a gcuilg, Hackett² lix 15 . c.¤ shealbha, O'R. Poems 85 `a charter warranting possession of', Gloss. c.¤ súla ar seanróimh, Celtica iv 119.y `a pleasant(?) (hopeful?) assurance of (hospitality in) an old resort', Gloss. c.¤ tabhartais `deed of assignment', Trans. RIA xv 76.1 . tugadh do chách c.¤ a síodha, Dán Dé iii 9 . ceanngham c.¤ a síothchána, Dán Dé xiv 17 . c.¤ a síothchána ag síol Ádhuimh, Ériu viii 84.81 . As descript. gen.: cíos cairte `specified rent', Aithd. D. 37.44 . mar cóir cairte as chartered right, BNnÉ 259.15 . ar tí cumainn chairte `chartered peace', Dán Dé xxi 24 . dochar cairte `due affliction', Aithd. D. 28.3 . ferainn cairte . . . / bailte ceall gan cumhsccugadh, lawful estate, BNnÉ 283.y . fód dá bhar bhfearann chartach, PBocht 25.32 . In cheville: foirbhthe an ch.¤ , DDána 110.10 .

Compds. With noun: ro cuir seic a cairtliubair, Laws iii 88.17 = cailclibair. n. ib. With adj.: ¤buide: don duine chartbhuidhe, Measgra D. 13.21 `yellowskinned', Gloss. (cf. 1 coirt).

celebrad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. celebrad or dil.ie/8551

u and o, m. Vn. of celebraid. IGT Decl. § 11 (55.19) .

(a) Perh. act of celebrating, making famous, exalting in: ceilebrad ōndī as celebro .i. airdaircigim. C.¤ didiu erdarcugud anma Dé, Corm. Y 284 . búaid A. . . . / dia ch.¤ coméir `to celebrate it', Fél. Aug. 26 . a dhraig as cian cheileabhradh, DDána 102.46 `clú', Gloss.

(b) act of celebrating, holding (a religious ceremony, etc.): inc.¤ gl. celebratio, Ml. 80a4 . du c.¤ sollummun indi gl. ad festa, 133c9 . c.¤ cóir co nainmnit, Ériu ii 64 § 4 . mor do ḟindcheolanaib ceilebartha, Acall. 2610 . sacart, ┐ toiseach ceileabhartha Cluana mic Nóis, AFM ii 764.18 . cothuigh im chlí do cheileabhradh, A. Ó Dálaigh xxxvii 4 . ro-chlaiss chelebartha cantaic `singing canticles', Celtica iv 28.366 , cf. da clais segda sechtmogat do clasib . . . coiri celebarta, BB 241b30 .

Acc. to Plummer, V. SS. Hib. i cxv n.14 , when used in native contexts without qualification refers almost exclusively to celebration of canonical hours, only later to Mass. c.¤ iarmergi `the office of nocturns', Mon. Tall. 130.28 . Cf. 129.7 . [c]elebrad trátha, Wb. 25c23 . celebrath cach(a) tratha, Ériu xix 60 § 13 . fri ré ceileabhartha easparta, AFM iii 342.y . c.¤ domnaich `Sunday's office', Mon. Tall. 148.6 . afrenn is c.¤ glē , BColm. 100.13 . fri oiffrenn ┐ c.¤ , Celtica iv 32.458 . ceileabhradh oiffrinn, RSClára 87a . ord ceilibartha `liturgy', Fl. Earls 100.9 . In Laws in list of guarantees for contracts: naidm ┐ raith ┐ aitire ┐ ceilebrath ┐ gell, Bürgschaft 14 § 48 , acc. to Thurn. Hdb. p. 15 ref. to oaths taken on relics or gospel-book. In follg. the office of a religious functions as surety: amal . . . do dicsed a ch.¤ aire (of a `deórad dé'), Laws iv 210.9 . see Bürgschaft 59 . Note further: troscud no ch.¤ , Laws v 388.x . imcim ceileabarta fir lais i [mbi] cuma fir ┐ go, 178.4 .

(c) conversation, talk, discourse : ceileabhradh .i. comhrádh no comhchaint, O'Cl. c.¤ aingel, LU 3096 . mise gach laoi id leanmhain / tusa gan chead gceileabhraidh, Dánta Gr. 39.26 .

(d) Of birds act of singing, warbling: hoc gyrgyrium ceilebradh eoin, Ir. Gl. 746 . c.¤ en, RC viii 350.45 . fírrinn ceoil a gceileabhradh (birds), DDána 82.19 .

(e) act of bidding farewell; leave-taking, departure : co dairled forsin slige do ch.¤ dona maccaib, LU 5074 . ceileabhradh dhuit farewell , DDána 64.31 . ar los mo cheileabhradh (:fhiodhbhadh) leave-takings , Measgra D. 51.30 . ro caoíneadh an ceileabhradh sin an President acc bochtaibh ` departure ', AFM v 1664.20 . tiomnais celeabradh doib, MR 42.4 .

cían

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cían or dil.ie/9003
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: cén, cíana, cíana, chíana, ciana, cían, céin, céin, géin

Arch. cén ( Ériu ix 48 § 23 , xvi 146.7 below). The follg. may contain a by-form cíana: ed cíana , Harl. 5280, 42b (cited Meyer Contribb.), TTr.² 499 , hi tir chíana , Trip.² 1438 , if not attrib. gen. of the abstract cíana, q.v. Cf. also cu ciana , LL 13576 ( Irish Texts i 33.10 .).

I As adj. o, ā long, enduring; far, distant : c.¤ .i. fada, O'Cl. Attrib. of time: ho etartetarcur cián `at a long interval', Ml. 88d13 . sechmadachta ṅ-ocus ┐ c.¤ , Thes. ii 229.26 . fri ed cián for a long time, TBC-LL¹ 1846 . íar n-aimseraib cíanaib, Imr. Brain 17.12 . ra charusa in laech út uair chéin for a long time, TBC-LL¹ 4560 . loc dam-sa . . . co hūair chéin, ZCP viii 312.2 . tri rei ciana `for a long time', Ml. 90d14 . iar reib cianaib, Ériu xvi 36.5 . dolodar . . . filid . . . riab cianaib iarsna gnimaib-sea (`a little time'), Auraic. 149 = reib chianaiph, 2452 . roan . . . fri ré ciana = multis diebus, Lat. Lives 4.9 . bui iarum imale fri Fergus re ciana, Ériu xvi 37 § 1 . fria rē ciana, Grail 629 . bai cocad mor etarro fri re ciana iarsin, RC xxiv 186.9 . le headh gcian, Aithd. D. 52.5 .

Of place: i crīchaib cīanaib, ACL iii 224.20 . adclos ua na (fana v.l.) crichaib ciana comaidchi, TTebe 694 . écndairc cian ut ille gl. absenti, Sg. 138a2 . i cendachaib cianaib in domain, PH 5500 . tancatar a tirib ciana, 5497 .

Of persons: Colmān cian of yore, Corp. Gen. 126.2 . Conán máol coinntinneach c.¤ `wearisome (?)', Duan. F. ii 258 § 37 . Corpre comramach c.¤ (: fírian), LL 15741 . Nial c.¤ Caille `old', Arch. Hib. ii 61 § 42 .

Other applications: ce beo i tairisium chian, Airne F. 138 . gidh céim c.¤ , BS 120.15 . faghail chian distant, Magauran 4396 . in cú ch.¤ (: níad), LL 29333 .

Predic. with copula, usually long (of time): ni ba cián ṁbete oca cloinib, Ml. 28a10 . nipi c.¤ a masse in choirp lasting , Wb. 28c25 . ni ba cian mbias in pecthach, Ml. 56c22 . ni ba cián ṁbete and, 66d14 . is cián arfolmas dún in sin, Wb. 21a2 . as cian do rairngredh, Blathm. 127 . is cian bus cuman, TE 9 (Eg.). domun dīan / cia bether fair nī ba cīan, ZCP vii 498.5 . cian bhus bladh, Aithd. D. 21.36 . as cian ata an sean-fhocal, MR 286.21 . Of space: is c.¤ etarru `far', Ml. 119d10 . im fochróib bá c.¤ `whether at hand or afar', Sg. 151b2 . ré nách c.¤ , LU 1992 ( FA 6 ).

In phrases. is c.¤ co it is long till (freq. with neg. shortly, soon): niba ch.¤ (leg. c.¤ ? Edd.) cu forcenn á saiguil gl. instare tempus, Ml. 56d7 . níbí cian conid apail, 91d2 . mad c.¤ co tari a fobdhub if it is not immersed quickly (a spear), BDD² 1237 . nirbo chian co toracht C.C. in sligid cetna, LU 8530 ( FB 39 ). nir-bo chian do Chonchobor . . . co facca, CRR 11 . ní cian . . . co teccema frit-sa é, Grail 2665 . Note also: nir cian d'Ercuil . . . in tan nocunnuic in rí E. soon saw, Stair Erc. 463 .

is c.¤ ó it is long since, far from. Of time: is c.¤ ós accobor lemm far ríchtu I have long wished to come to you, Wb. 7a3 . is cian . . . o rot carus, Grail 2359 . robo cian o nach facca-som iad, 1550 . mairg nach cian ó dchualabhair, Content. xi 4 . cian ód cualadh, Keat. Poems 1357 .

Of place: ni cian huaib imbíat `not far from you where they are', Mon. Tall. 151.9 . ni c.¤ úait here he is, IT i 71.20 . is c.¤ uait . . . airm in-das-fil, TBC-LL¹ 884 .

In disjunctive phrases with gar: cid c.¤ cid gair gl. quanto tempore, Wb. 3c5 . cēn gair cech fān imthéit lēn `sooner or later every wanderer comes to grief', Ériu ix 48.23 . cian gar dom beith it ingnais `whether I be a long or short while away from thee', LL i p. xvi 11 . c.¤ garit co bráth, 307a8 ( SG 386.18 ). gēr c[h]ian gar, ML² 156 . As quasi-conjunction however long, as long as, while : cián gar ro batar for innuropair sin, TBC-LL¹ 2038 . cien goirit boi C. ig a díchur dhe, 2302 . co na baoí tesbhaidh neith . . . cian gairitt battar hisuidhe, AFM vi 2276. 11 . cid c.¤ gairit ro bás . . . atrochair . . . , Acall. 4736 . cian gar co toirset nóim ind until (?), 2673 (cid cian gairit no co tí, v.l.). See 1 gar.

With prep. LA: rochīan limsa anad fri sodain I am not prepared to wait that long, TBC-I¹ 375 = c.¤ lim-sa di shodain, TBC-LL¹ 881 . ba cian lasin righ boi an t-ara tall, BNnÉ 323 § 33 . cian lem . . . / tren tucc fa toirrsi m'aignedh it grieves me(?), 254.21 . fada ar saoghal d'éis na bhFian / ní cneasta ná badh cian linn if I did not find it tedious, Measgra D. 71.22 . cíen liom 's ní ar a ghrádh `I long for', Duan. F. ii 162 § 28 . Note also: is c.¤ dúni beith acot irnaidi, TBC-LL¹ 991 .

Adv.: in ch.¤ gl. diu, Ml. 38b4 . Cf. níbu in c.¤ (níbuncían, MS.) riam gl. non multo ante, 32b17 . ro clos cian son a garma `far', Thes. ii 312.16 (Hy. ii) glossed: fo Herinn. co c.¤ dar éis na haband `till long after', Metr. Dinds. iii 168.20 . co cíen `continuously', Ériu xix 10 § 5 . iar tochaithem a bethad dó . . . co cian i fhechtnaigi, PH 4296 .

II As subst. ā, f. (elliptical for ré c.¤ , Zimmer KZ xxx 26 - 27 ). a long time, period : triasna cíana cotaislia .i. trisin ré cian, LU 985 - 6 ( ACC 90 ). is cian mór ó 'tbaltsa, 9496 . baoi cian d'aimsir ag coimhmeasgadh flaithis na Rómha `a length of time', Keat. i 226.19 . mainistear . . . do bhí cádhasach cian d'aimsir, iii 1345 . In: re cian do bhliaghnuibh, Párl. na mB. 390 and re cian d'aimsir, Parrth. Anma 6000 re (see 1 ré) may be noun and cían adj. le cianaibh for ages, Hackett² 21.15 . Of distance: is c.¤ do thír már do muir / eturru is Imlech Ibair, ZCP viii 327.36 . In cheville: céin n-gle `temps glorieux', RC xvii 282 § 6 .

In a variety of adv. phrases. Without prep. (cach la céin) . . . in céin n-aili: cach la céin aisndís dia throgai in céin n-aili aisndis dind fortacht durat Dia do at one time . . . at another, Ml. 40b8 . in céin n-aili `at another time', Sg. 8a9 . in céin n-aili gl. nunc, Ml. 39d12 . Cuaird Comgi Michíl, Cuaird Comgi Muire a n-ainm laisim i cen n-ale (of Hymn to Michael and Hymn to Mary) `respectively', Mon. Tall. 137.20 . Note also: dī-cechlacēin is diultad, alaill is aidbliugud, Corm. Y 418 . nach céin (with neg. vb.) any long while: arna bether ocu nach cein, Mon. Tall. 164.17 (§ 89) . ní beind nach céin i ndamnad, KMMisc. 212.11 . See also 1 nach. Various: atat connarc cein `long ago', Blathm. 102 § 38 (if not céin = féin, cf. tá chéin, for M. Milscothach silence a while(?), BDD² 447 ). is cīan mór hūadh ō dac[h]ótar mo chíghi-si i ndīsca, Cáin Ad. 8 . cian mór uadh `long ago', CCath. 4067 . ro-haidnaiced is cian uad `long ago', PH 657 . do foillsighed dó c.¤ suil do thicfed long before he was due, BNnÉ 328.22 .

For céin mair (with céin used as preverb, GOI 241 ) see maraid. Note further: cein do mhair, Blathm. 207 and n. to 825 . canais moir, 34 , see n. to 133 . can mair in clercin `long life to the little cleric', Ériu v 236.74 . cēnmair Ulltaib, TBC-I¹ 3424 = bochin Ultu, TBC-LL¹ 5748 . bo chinmaír rissa ṅ-gebat, 5707 = cen mair, TBC St. 4709 . Cf. nī gcēinmair doraa an māin (.i. ní mogenar dochonnaic an eladha), ZCP v 488 § 7 (B. na f.). céin mair seems to have influenced céin móir in later language occasionally giving céin máir (see below).

With CO: co céin móir for a long time, LU 5230 ( TBC-I¹ 752 ).

With DI from of yore, long; from afar : ba di chein `from of yore', Blathm. 98 . do-arrchet di chéin no mbiad adrad dǽ la genti gl. sicut scriptum est, Wb. 6d8 . o Adam co dilind dein / in chet-aimser daib dichen, Lec. 30 vb10 . is do chéin gid so afar, TBC-LL¹ 4689 . can dodeachaig? . . . ní do chein, YBL 174a40 . boi . . . Petur i cómitecht Ísu do chéin, PH 3135 . do chéin mair anall, 7046 (see céin mair above). do ch.¤ nó do c[h]omhfhogus `from far or near', Duan. F. ii 62 § 12 . Also in pl.: robadar cethtri cridiscél liom-sæ de chianaib `I have long had four darling wishes', Mon. Tall. 136.20 . As quasi-adj.: sen-briathar do chéin `from of old', Celtica iv 10.41 . Tuatha De Danann dochein, Lec. 58a10 = BB 31a41 . ar ṡeirc ind óclaích . . . di chéin, LL 31153 ( TTr. 336 ).

With ÍAR: in chaingnímai aili is iar ceín rofinnatar after some time, Wb. 29a30 . iar cein, PH 1024 . iar cein shortly, Aisl. Tond. 105 § 3 . íar cēin móir, BColm. 70.18 . iar ccein máir iarsin, BNnÉ 90.24 (see céin mair above). iar ceín mair, BB 18a49 . iar sin iar cenmair, Ériu viii 174.33 . iar cen mair do Th. . . . co faca, Aisl. Tond. 106 § 5 . ier cēin mhāir `a long time ago', Fl. Earls 208.30 . Note also: cu-du-boing cein (.i. iar cein) comarba curu, Bürgschaft 21.4 (for féin ?).

With I N-. For variety of forms cf. rachad a ccéin ┐ a ccíana ┐ a ccíanuibh, Bard. Synt. Tr. 26.19 . indtan noteigdis i céin `when they went a long distance', Mon. Tall. 129.21 . taig drochcarad hi céin (proverbial saying), BDD² 58 . fer bis a cein, Anecd. i 15.1 ( SCano 501 ). dā ndeachaid Congal a ccéin, ZCP viii 109.1 . seisrech . . . a toigheacht a gcianaibh cuige, BNnÉ 186.26 . i gcéin 's i ngar, 51.14 . Note also: rolaus cian i cein / ardo charait i mbrón, LL 18615 . As quasi-adj.: créd agaibh aoidhigh a gcéin `from afar', Studies 1924, 241 § 1 . Rarely of time: ní tualaing ionchoisiod i ccéin i gcuimhne for long, Ériu xiii 29.11 . With ocus: imb i céin fa i n-accus beo-sa, Wb. 23b41 . i ceín ┐ i n-ocus, Thes. ii 356.20 (Hy. vii). cid i cein, cid a focus, Laws i 240.17 Comm.

With ó. ó chéin from of old, long ago : iarsindi ro-n-an hua céin di aisndis dun popul gl. tam longum `after he had ceased a while', Ml. 126b1 . F . . . . atbath ó céin, Trip.² 1513 `long ago', Trip. 133 . is mé ro baeglaiged ó chéin, LU 3921 ( SCC 44 ). Bretain o chéin rodochumdaigset the B. had built it long before, Anecd. iii 70.2 . ós é sin ó chéin ar nós `our ancient custom', Content. xxviii 71 . [Críst] roncuinnig ō chēin chain, ZCP iii 18.27 . o chein mair anall, PH 3422 . ó chíanaibh just now, lately, already: fotdāilfind a nilparttib ō chīanaib acht nīpad Fergus (C.C. to Etarcomal), TBC-I¹ 1198 . mac na trí curad at-rubart a (= ó) chíanaib, MU² 679 . ticbatis Herind o chianaib they would have reached Ireland a while ago, Snedg. u. Mac R 13.9 . leis an íairmbérla adubhart ó chíanuibh just now, IGT Introd. 30.18 . Used as quasi-adj. recent, just mentioned : int urchar o chianaib `the cast just now', TTebe 2087 . is don drochgaidhilg o c[h]ianaibh é above mentioned(?), IGT Metr. Faults287 § 130 . gach re cuidechta a cianaib every other company mentioned, BCC 384.21 .

As n. pr. m. tochomladh Céin a Caisil, Anecd. ii 46.18 . See also Corp. Gen.

III As conjunction

(a) (in) céin (later also i céin , géin ), céine (for) as long as, since, when . Folld. by nasalizing rel. clause in O. Ir. (see GOI 553 ) and in later language also with follg. rel. clause (see Duan. F. iii 44 n.l . ). cein mbith oc ic, Blathm. 39 . cein ba dibh amhatair `since His mother was of them', 103 . ceín rongabus i carcair `so long as I am in prison', Wb. 23b18 . cene ṁ bether in hac uita , Ml. 107d8 . cene conmesarsa olseseom ┐ céne connoither mo thimnasa `as long as I shall give rules . . . and as long as my injunctions are observed', Mon. Tall. 129.29 . cen bai Cormac beo, Ériu xvi 84.101 . céne (cean a, MS.) forcomédaidh fírinni, 65.21 . céin mbete i llucc irnaigdi / céne mbess coic fíal findbalc, iii 104 § 34 . i céin ra búi seom aice-sain, TBC-LL¹ 2956 = an ccein, TBC St. 2564 . hi céin bae Issau ic triall dont ṡeilcg, Celtica iv 8.20 . in cen bes coir dib, Laws i 136.10 Comm. i céin raibh nemh is talamh while heaven and earth last, BNnÉ 314 § 8 . in cein do bas arin cuirt `while this assembly was in session', Ann. Conn. 1228.5 . in gein ronbuí 'na bethaidh, Duan. F. i 55.8 (`a pseudo-archaism', iii 44). géin bhus beo, Content. ii 42 . ? Cf. cen bad buidech, Metr. Dinds. iii 192.35 (leg. céin, Corrig.).

(b) céin co until: cein conid ris `till I reach him', Blathm. 102 § 42 . an frim céin córda sille, LU 3807 ( SCC 37 ). céin co tí . . . don chath, 5872 ( TBC-I¹ 1403 ).? ní béra demon díb nech / cen corop (leg. cor'p) óg nó aithrigech `while they are perfect', BColm. 52.7 . céin co n-ebar in fín nua imalle frib (words of Christ at Last Supper), PH 2995 . céin go dtarrastair .i. no go dtarla, O'Cl. gen gar muig rempu till they won the victory, BNnÉ 310.12 . Exceptionally with art.: in céin co roiscc in ceilebrad, Grail 1790 , ? Cf. cen co tola, Fing. R. 181 (see n.).

COMPDS. With nouns: iar ccianaois, AFM ii 640.12 . cienaimser ria n-a thōgbāil, Fl. Earls 110.15 . a chisde na gcianbhann lúidh (to a prince), DDána 79.27 `O thou who art skilled in the old valour feats', Ir. Monthly 1921, 247 . ? Colla Uais uas chianbla chain, LL 15753 . tochombaig Ciannacht cianbruige, Laws iv 8.17 `C. has recovered distant lands', Celtica vi 227.5 . i cind chían-chóicthigis, TBC-LL¹ 2050 (as two words LL 9331 and so also at 22815 ). ní ro chumaingsiot a chianchosnamh fris in lion sloigh, AFM vi 2026.9 . bud fata bas chianchuman, LL 7822 ( TBC-LL¹ 294 ). co crich cinnte . . . cein-eisergi caich, MR 264.5 . a gcáoile ┐ a ccíaneitche, Ériu v 80.12 . hí cíanfoccus at some little distance, BDD² 626 . dála . . . catha chianfhoghla, DDána 83.8 . clogat . . . cianḟulaing, MR xiv 21 . ar gcabhra i gciainimneadh, Aithd. D. 76.8 . cichsot cēnmuir `shall advance to the distant sea', Ériu xvi 146.7 .

With adjj.: isin set cianfotta, BB 240b15 . tellach dá dechmad / cíanramar `long and solid(?)', Celtica vi 221. 11 ( Laws iv 4.18 ) = cennramar, O'Curry 846 ( H 3.18, 384b ). With adjj. derived from nouns: seanoir cianaosda, MR 42.6 . sein leabar cianáosta, Gorm. p. xviii . a chloidhiomh . . . cianainignech destroying far and wide, MR xiv 24 . clanna cianairgnecha Cuirc, Caithr. CC 81 . do Macc cían clothach `far-renowned', BDD 157 . rosc corrglas cianradarcach, BB 427a36 . níor bhó cianṡaoghlach somh iar ngairm tighearna de, AFM vi 1996.9 . do bhuidhin chuirthe ciainsiublaigh, AFM vi 2318.7 . deaghmhac cian-teasdach Conchubhair far-famed, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 177.w . an chloch cian tuinigte `enormous', AFM vi 2012.11 . ben bhocht chumhthach chíantuirseach, Ériu v 80.5 .

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