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aitt

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aitt or dil.ie/2825

 

adj i See Vendr. Lex.

(a) pleasant, agreeable . Of persons: sāithech cech ainmnetach a.¤ `every patient agreeable person is satisfied', Ériu ix 47 § 16 . Cūchulainn rop ānraith ait (:glaic), Fianaig. 42 § 8 . . . . os méit Ectoir a.¤ , LL 16558 . Of a place: ōthā Bernān Ēile ait, Ériu ii 50 § 4 . Other applications: in scél n-amra n-a.¤ (maicc), Arch. Hib. iv 207 § 19 . iarsan ríagail ait according to the clear rule, AFM ii 606.18 . ? cobair ait .i. glic, Fél.² cliii Oct. 18 . In chevilles: áireamh ait, AFM i 158.12 . ceim ait, RC xvii 121.18 (Tig.). dorsaire druith delma a.¤ , LL 3758 . As interjection of joy: euge, euge .i. ait ait, Thes. i 3.3 . In phr. is a.¤ la is pleased (with): a n-as-breth fris ní bo ait laiss he was not pleased with what was said to him, BDD² 310 . ba a.¤ la Dáre anisin, TBC-LL¹ 108 . ait leam ní dúa feil `I am glad of the reason for it', BColm. 36.13 . is ait leis an amadán `it is as sport to a fool', Proverbs x 23 . Compar. as aite leó so they prefer, Desid. 6348 . gurbh'aite lé, Dán Dé xxxi 20 . Adv. ata an teach ag eirge go hait (: tslait) nicely , BNnÉ 179 § 35 . Subst.: ìnbat budig do beōil do shainól ┐ do shainait, MacCongl. 77.6 `something specially pleasant, a dainty', p. 192 .

(b) strange, unusual: is ait an obair-se ar Thadhg, Content. xxv 1 . ait an choir `strange the crime' (cheville), xvi 51 .

bolgán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bolgán or dil.ie/6358
Last Revised: 2013

 

n o, m. (1 bolg) belly, midriff; middle, centre; bag: bolgan .i. buillscén no meadhón, O'Cl. ro ghabh nathraigh mbí ar b.¤ (bolccán, v.l.) ina glaic `by the belly', CCath. 4194. peata reithe . . . ┐ bolgān glē-geal aige, Feis Tighe Chonáin 508. In comic name: meic bolgāin buic bánghlain ` midriff ', MacCongl. 35.4 . gearán . . . na ttonn . . . re taobhaibh ┐ re bolgánaibh na leathánluinge bulging sides, Dhá Sgéal Art. 1050. go bronn-lár nó go b.¤ na bruidhne sin `very centre' (Vocab.), TSh. 6649. coa mbolganaib up to their shafts (?) (of spears), LL 10005 ( TBC-LL¹ 2952 ). ras-gabastar chuci ara balcb.¤ (a spear), TTr. 962 ( LL 31773 ). ar bolganaib a slegh ┐ ar imdornaib a cloidem, Ériu viii 32.23 . an b.¤ soighiod = quiver, Isaiah xvii 6.

In phr. b.¤ belc(h)e, see belc(h)e.

clár

Cite this: eDIL s.v. clár or dil.ie/9377
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: -mruig

n o, n. and m. IGT Decl. § 96 .

(a) board, plank : c.¤ ndara iter cach dí chóemdai, Críth G. 102 . cláraib cainib . . . / do fidrud saindil Secheim (of the ark), SR 4221 . cethri clair . . . / o[c] coṅgbáil na sanctare, 4257 . co nār f[h]āguib in ghaoth aca clār gan crithnugad (of ships), ML² 703 . ’nar gcairbh síos ’gá gcur lé cláir 'are being put down into our ships with gangplanks' CMCS xxxiv 34 § 9 . ba h-é rian a thocht-ch.¤ (sic leg.) thoir / triall tré chorp-lár an chobhluigh, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 344.19 . na clara tirma, PH 1257 . gur shín an Rí a chorp red chláraibh (to the Cross), Dán Dé iii 9 . Fig. an dara c.¤ tar éis an luingbhristi (of sacrament of repentance), Mac Aingil 29 .

(b) Of a variety of specific flat articles normally made of wood:

(i) breastwork of a chariot: dofil in carpat afrithisi ┐ dorala c.¤ clé frinn (a challenge to combat), LU 5668 (TBC). tossoísom iarom c.¤ clé a carpait fri hEmain, 5194 (TBC). c.¤ a charpait re broind, ar ná tuitted a ḟobach ┐ a inathar ass, TBC-LL¹ 4430 . carpat . . . co tarbc[h]lāraib umaidib, TBC-I¹ 2549 .

(ii) stave (of a vat or cask): in chetna dabach . . . ro díscáil da cláraib ┐ da circlaib, TBC-LL¹ 1366 . mar théid c.¤ a taoibh thunna `as a plank goes out of the side of a cask', Studies 1924, 89 § 30 .

(iii) wooden cover : clar fodluta, Dinds. 79 (`a floodgate(?)'). corb écen clár dia dlúthad / ós a lár dia lánmúchad, Metr. Dinds. iii 456.83 (`a sluice'). c.¤ casta a wine-press (gl. torcular), Ir. Gl. 1043 . cláir ṡaltrach duinde ní dúin does not close the covers of the brown psalter, IGT Decl. ex. 2088 . c.¤ ar ṡaltair lé leigthir, Aithd. D. 11.27 . Fig. do theilg sé a ch.¤ dá chroidhe, DDána 23.24 . beanaidh sé c.¤ dhom chumhoigh `lets my tears flow unchecked', O'Hara 3870 . an mheadh as lán dom lochtaibh / bean a c.¤ dod chumhochtaibh, Dán Dé xxii 12 .

(iv) gaming-board: clar n-argit ┐ fir óir, LU 10807 . adrethsat na firu óir ┐ argait tarsin c.¤ crédumae, 5444 (TBC). ar rop é in síthbe óir dar in c.¤ findruini síl Aeda . . . dar Bregmag, 4269 . pa meitigthir clar fichille cech det, IT i 271.26 . fir chorra ar chláraibh ar sean / do chnámhaibh loma Laighean, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 160.7 . béim chláir ar fhoirinn óir, Aithd. D. 17.15 . na cláir brannaimh, DDána 106.37 . c.¤ nocha bí gan bhranán, Studies 1924, 243 § 15 . c.¤ na himeartha, Mac Aingil 147 .

(v) table : biad berbtha ┐ clāir lāna, Corp. Gen. 87.29 . clār a nomine clarna i.e. mensa , Corm. Y 359 . scian co cnaim eilipaínt for clar i na comair, BB 497a30 . ni bíd mias nā clar occu, LB 155b53 . os cionn chláir `seated at table', Duan. F. lxii 40 . do shéan-roinn chláir an chomhóil, Keat. Poems 1016 . mírín aráin eorna áin / is í mo chuid-se don ch.¤ , Keat. iii 771 . ceann ar c.¤ (of one who is senseless from drink), Párl. na mB. 3229 . 'na seasamh a náirde ar chlár na mionn witness table, ZCP v 209.152 (Midn. Court). Fig. clār na cléire entertainer of the poets, Butler Poems 48 . c.¤ tiomna na trócaire, DDána 21a.12

(vi) writing tablet (under influence of Lat. tabula, Deutsche, Kelten und Iren 99 ), inscribed tablet: hi claraib gl. in caereis, BCr. 41a1 . c.¤ gl. tabula, Ir. Gl. 67 . in clar i scribad, Lat. Lives 50.5 . na haithneda do-fhácsam ac Moysi . . . iter da claraib, PH 7298 . clar ciartha . . . ┐ se scribtha, Lism. L. 3698 = in tabhuill ciartha, 3704 . clar aircdidi ┐ ainm Magnuis Cam 'arna scribhadh . . . fair, Marco P. 66 . cláir an chonnartha, Heb. ix 4 . Fig. hi claar cridi gl. in tabulis cordis, Wb. 15a11 .

(vii) Of some part of a `cruit', the sounding-board(?): onmhuin an bas do bheanadh / an clar tana taoib-leabar, Manners and Customs iii 273 n. an saoi le seinntear an chruit / . . . / tré ghoradh guith-bhinn a cláir, Keat. Poems 247 .

(viii) Other applications: re denam . . . clar sadall de, Laws i 134.30 Comm. (`saddle trees'). lín . . . mad for a cois beth . . . mad innarta . . . o do choi o clar (implement used in scutching flax), ii 374.6 Comm. = fo c.¤ , O'D. 930 ( H 3.17, 658b ); for c.¤ , 303 ( 237 ).

(c) By extension applied to other materials. strip or plate (of metal), pane (of glass, crystal): clar di argut, SR 4289 . clar nderccoir, Blathm. 435 . c.¤ nglainidi, LU 1796 . lene cona clar argait immi border , IT ii 177.93 ( YBL 115b10 ). c.¤ gemnide do lííc logmair, LL 24905 . ba do claruibh óir aithleaghtha ros-dín `plates' (of halls and rooms), Marco P. 147 . mar théid tré ch.¤ ngloine an ghrian, Dán Dé xxvi 23 . feilm chathardha 'n-a dá c.¤ a martial helmet split into two (metal) plates (?), DDána 91.49 .

(d) Used of various flat parts of the body: tulch.¤ ind étain, LU 4908 (TBC). conici clar a dá imdai, Ir. MSS. Ser. 176.23 . moṅg . . . órbuidi . . . fair co c.¤ a dá leas `to the level of his thighs', Ériu iv 138.x . tugais . . . / fuil croidhe is c.¤ ndearnainne palm of the hand, Dán Dé xxviii 29 . i gc.¤ do bhrollaigh, Keat. Poems 39 . See also óenchlár s.v. óen.

(e) level expanse, plain; surface : clar cosmoil an domhan `a level expanse', Blathm. 951 . am heolach cláir thalman tinn, ACC 45 Comm. ( RC xx 178 ). dia taethsad neam anūas for clār an talman, BColm. 54.29 . a c.¤ findglan . . . / a thír ferach, LU 4122 . Magh Raighni . . . / clar lethan lanḟota, IT iii 95 § 147 . cach caille c.¤ `every spreading wood', Ériu xvii 91 § 10 . bātar cadain for clār chlīu / clār ṅdess gēisse for suidiu, Corp. Gen. 281. 12 - 13 . fo c.¤ nimhe gloin, Ériu iv 238 § 15 . C.¤ Cormaic, C.¤ Cobhthuigh (poetical names of Ireland), Mart. Don. xxxix 5 , 6 . ? Also du Chlár Chonairi, Ériu xxi 137 § 3 . da mbeith an talamh na clar comtrom, Ir. Astr. Tr. 20.x . tri dha poll a da clar `of its two surfaces' (of an astrolabe), 132.27 . ar ch.¤ gach conaire `along every path', LBranach 3268 . c.¤ oighridh ice-flag, Dán Dé xxxi 11 . c.¤ na mara do sgaipeadh le sgála, ZCP v 223 ( Midnight court 742 ). 'na c.¤ choimhréidh chrábhaidh (of the soul), TSh. 10526 . Cf. ar ch.¤ do chroidhe `on the table of thy heart', Proverbs iii 3 . ? clar, bas, a spoke, Eg. Gl. 522 . See also óenchlár s.v. óen.

(f) table of contents, index (infl. of Lat. tabula JCL ix 44 , Deutsche, Kelten und Iren 99 ): clar . . . iar n-urd aibghidre an alphabetical index, MS. Mat. 541.35 . in dara capidil don dara c.¤ , cited O'Don. Gram. p. 377 fr. Med. MS. ataid x. cclair orra sin an .c. clar dibh neach labrus do na siroipibh, Mackinnon Cat. 301.11 . c.¤ chaibidlech `table of contents', RSClára f. 160b . c.¤ an leabhair, Donlevy xlvi 1 .

Obscure: colla c.¤ cannoe nad léit Lugthiach, LL 287a22 . atait tri tedmanna faillsigthe condad comdire fri bas bet, clar neinech ┐c.¤ , O'Curry 2142 ( Eg. 88, f. 2(3)b ). dichor Cairpri do chlar fiss, CRR 56 .

Compds. With noun. in gach cláradba wooden dwelling (of ships), Leb. Gab.(i) 210.24 ( LL 258 ). lingid bric is eignedha / do chlar-bharr gacha tuinne smooth top , KMMisc. 313.28 . in da bla dec frisi cuindrighter crich . . . Clarbla, ailbla . . . `a flat mark, a stone mark', Laws iv 142.9 Comm. ; clar bla [.i.] crich annsin nad n-incoisceadsiach comarda, ┐ na cuinnridter seancaid which is not distinguished by any landmark, 12 Comm. clár-bhórd taoibhe loinge plank , Hard. ii 224.3 . ina clarcolbadaibh gorma ` board-pillars ', CCath. 4424 . da clárchiste mora wooden chests , LU 179.183 . clārc[h]oilér cressa `a stout corslet ', Fianaig. 84.29 . clarcraithe coimhlethna capcainn-reamra for gach mūl ` blinkers ', Fl. Earls 252.25 . clarchris ` board-baldric ', CCath. 5227 . ro scaoilseat clárdroicheat Cille Dalua plank bridge, AFM ii 1178.13 . lethanchlais . . . ┐ clárdhroicheat comhdhluta fuirre, vi 1896.7 . mó a clárḟíacail (sic leg.) . . . / iná fían-chlár fidchille front-tooth, incisor , Metr. Dinds. iv 138.77 - 8 ( LL 29910 ). dothuit an fer mór . . . ┐ aghaidh ar Coinchulainn, go ttarla cláirfiacail an ḟir mhóir a mullach a ghualann, RC xxix 130 § 41 . lan eneclann isin da clar fiacail anuas . . . leth eneclann isin da clar fiacail anis, Laws v 354.8 , 9 Comm. a clarfhiacla uachtair ┐ a culfiacla ichtair, LB 154a52 . clarland cummaide credhumha `flat plate(?)', CCath. 5229 . in clair-leibind level expanse, Metr. Dinds. iii 356.22 . da thir as uaisli a nEirind / da cúigead in clairleibind, BB 62a39 . etir na clarlestraib út wooden containers, LU 181 . clármachaire in Choruinn level plain, Acall. 1504 . fail ann . . . / mor cet cetach clármaige, SR 508 . dognitis clarmhuige coimreidhe dona slebtibh roardaib, CCath. 3930 . clarmíasa bíadhmhara an tighi co mbíadhaibh examhla wooden dishes, Ériu iii 156.32 . -mruig: ro thidnacht dō tír Caim / ┐ clárbruigi Cannáin, SR 2794 . cláirneamh `Heaven's land', Magauran 1215 . coraib . . . / ríu i clárnimh ar comdál!, Gorm. Apr. 14 . din carpat itir cret ┐ cuing ┐ clár-rothaibh, TBC St. 667 . ¤sceimelta (1 sceimled) wooden coverings : clar-sceimelta cengailti . . . cath-sciath, MR 224.4 (`breastworks'). do chlarscíathaibh aladaib, CCath. 4983 . ¤ṡnaide: inneamh póirghine gach cnó dá clárshnoighe, DDána 83.16 . téada . . . / ar clarṡoileach `a willow harp', Manners and Customs iii 271n.

With adj. an fPailís . . . chlárchorcra `red-timbered', Studies 1920, 262 § 5 . ferais tromṡnechta . . . corbo chlarḟind uili coiceda Herend don tṡnechtu white-surfaced , LL 9026 (TBC). a cúirte clárghorma, Studies 1920, 568 § 21 . ó Chodhal chláirleabhar, Aithd. D. 4.7 . tulcha cláirmhíne Caisil, DDána 74.45 . soitheach cláirniamhdha cloichdhearg `of shining expanse', Celtica ii 165 § 35 . nemh fuair an tanmchara adcidh | ar a thír clár tana coemh, AFM ii 886.x . an t-all cláirthe cuaisleacach `hot-flagged', Magauran 2347 . idir shleasaibh do choim chláirthigh, DDána 122.13 .

With adj. derived from noun. mic Connil Cláiringnig flat-nailed , IT ii2 111.38 . do glaic Congail Chláringnig, LL 15112 . cumhdaighthi clarthairrngeacha `made of boards nailed together' (Gloss.), Hugh Roe² 108.28 . Niall on Challaind chlartholgaig, LL 15366 .

With past participle: cathbarr ciarrach clardedaighthi, ZCP x 299.10 . do chubachlaibh claruaighte na cceledh nDé made of planks joined together, Hugh Roe² 32.28 .

cufa

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cufa or dil.ie/13442

 

n m. (Engl. loanword): c.¤ geal 'ma glaic , Celtica iv 106 § 1 ` cuff ', Gloss., 193 . coiléar ná c.¤ , Ó Bruad. ii 190.2 .

etarbúas, etarúas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. etarbúas, etarúas or dil.ie/20671

 

adj in mid-air, aloft: ní roiched bun a bunsaige lár trath co ngebed a barr etarla etarbuas, TBC-LL¹ 896 (= condagaibeth resiu dorodsad a bun for lār, TBC-I¹ 382 ). tarraid M. caem-dóit Congail eadarla eadarbhuas gan tibriud re talmain, MR 300.27 . gebthi C. in roth ┐ ba hetarbuas tarraid hé in mid-air he caught it FB 64 . no cinged for a chúlu etarbúas fot n-aurchora he would spring backwards in mid-air 88 . rolingestar in béist etaruas i n-aeor, LB 202a = PH 7237 . muna deachais isin ær edrauas [sic] for foluamain, BB 484b20 = Aen. 3175 . rolinges...súas isin ǽér eadarbhúas, BS 44.2 . Fl. Earls 140.15 . ossé etarbúas imbi imma cúaird FB 87 . masa comesargain do dib ordaib etarbuas if two sledges collide (while brandished) in the air Laws iii 188.15 Comm. ic foluamain isin ær eturuas, LB 230ax . amal bói in nathair umaide ic maccu Israel for slaitt etaruas, Todd Lect. vi 18.8 . rotócbait etaruas i tempul Ṡolman iat, LB 222a35 . an donāl doní an cū suas | ┐ a gob etarbhūas its muzzle thrust up in the air ZCP xiii 7.16 = Mélusine v 85 . mergi Fergail occu etrubuas ar totim a mergead uli, Cog. 176 y . isin aér edarbhuas, AFM vi 2012.10 . uaistibh ettarbuas, 2198.5 . an coibeis baoi uasda etarbhúas, Hugh Roe² 43.2 (f. 23a) . an firmament etirbhuas, AFM v 1700.11 . don aer etaruas, Fl. Earls 188.9 . -úais : lía cloiche ara dernnaind, ┐ dobered ró n-urchair di...┐ do rithed fuithe ┐ do gabad etarbuais ina glaic hi, Acall. 5811 . eadarbhúais, aidhmhillte, ar lithiughadh, doigh, amhluadh intinne, anbhùain, etc., Kirk .

Cf. eadarbhuas and eadarbháos ` bustle, tumult, fright, madness, Buil[e] Suib[ne],' P. O'C.

garman

Cite this: eDIL s.v. garman or dil.ie/25413

 

Forms: garma, -n

n ā, f. (also garma -n).

(a) a weaver's beam: n s. in garman (garmain v.l.), Hy. v 76 . in garma, Lism. L. 1667 = inn garmain, Three Hom. 82.18 . bāg ban .i. garman (kenning for letter `n'), Anecd. iii 44.11 . d s. and a s.: loiscis in garmain núi, Hy. v 74 . Cf. Lism. L. 1666 . mad fige, a loscad etir garmain ┐ cech n-adbar olchena, Ériu ii 206 § 27 . robris garman ga fighe (gl. .i. in cros tsuain), Oss. v 260.1 . ba cosmhuil ... re garmain fígheadóra, 1 Sam. xvii 7. Judges xvi 13 . g s. claideb garmne, gl. liciatorium, Thes. i 1.24 . méit claidib garmna, SR 5770 . sithidir claideb garmnai, LU 6966 ( BDD 61 ). LL 252b36 . nin .i. ginol garmna, Auraic. 1175. 4271 . táirnge na garman, Judges xvi 14 . Alleg. name: Celtir mac Sithgarmna (v.l. Sithgarman), Anecd. ii 55.15 . pl. togaibter garmna, Auraic. 1176 . cen garmna cruind co ndruine | cen chlaidbe adma fige, LL 193b49 . do garmnib ocus do claidmib .i. na slata fighe, Laws i 152.14 Comm. i ngarmnaib, O'Mulc. 536.

(b) a club, a cudgel (?): triar ōcḟēnde[d] co ngarman fēindidi foraib, TBC-I¹ 2822 . gabhuis a garmuin na glaic (of Hercules), ZCP ii 362.35 .

(c) the cross-beam (?) of the gallows: garman .i. croch, O'Cl. agá mbreith do garmain na croiche, AFM vi 2108.18 . na garmain ... gan ruaimneacha (gl. .i. na crocha gan chordaoi), Ó Bruad. iii 178.4 .

(d) Of a mouse trap: garmna .i. fidcat (fia cat, O'C.) ut est, sidhbither garmna for lochaibh a luas, O'Curry 583 ( H 3.18, p. 289 ) = fiachchat, O'Curry 1368 ( H 3.18, p. 625 ).

(e) ? furfhocra in craind fed a garmna, O'Curry 1028 ( H 3.18, 432b ).

glac(c)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. glac(c) or dil.ie/25926

 

n ā, f.

(a) the first half-opened: a hand (used of hand only. whereas lám freq. = arm); often passing into sense of grasp, clutch: gebid lamchloich ... dar bo lán a glacc, TBC-LL¹ 1182. Cf. 6158 . tallastar i n-óenglaic ind fir, LU 9071 ( FB 82 ). íadaid a dá glaicc immá brágit, 9106 ( FB 86 ). tria ladra a glacc, TBC-I¹ 784 . sleg ... ina gelglaicc deiss, MU² 537 . taitnem ... a glacci maeth-gili, LL 237b50 ( TTr. 1556 ). 237b42 ( TTr. 1550 ). comtuaircnech na liacc lamh ┐ na cloch nglaice missiles, CCath. 5859 . in cliabgæ glaici, TBC-LL¹ 3933 (St.). lan a glaice d'fhoghadhaib, Aen. 2655 . Cf. TTebe 3637 . mo leabhar glaice handbook , Studies 1923, 598 § 7 . gunna glaice a hand-gun , Rel. Celt. ii 188.23 . co ṅgile ṅglacc, Anecd. i 32 § 56 . ros-gab asa glacaib dashed them out of his hands, Aen. 155 . i nglaicc ṅdiabuil into the grip of ..., PH 8286 . nirbo glac im gail a grasp around steam (i.e. a futile attempt), Metr. Dinds. iv 10.1 . Cf. dorn im diaid (sic leg.), O'Dav. 1586 . bid garba na glaca | notgebhat tria mebhail | glac talman buan bithseng | glac ifirn glac demain, Anecd. iii 40 § 3 . tēitt asa glaic innī atchí what he sees slips from his grasp, ZCP vii 303 § 11 . balc lán glaice do chronn a stout piece of stick that would fill a handgrip, AFM vi 1898.6 . ré dáil shéad níor ghann a ghlac `he was not close-fisted,' Keat. ii 4763 . glac thabhartach um cheann gcruidh a generous hand, TD 31.1 . Fig. of a person: Muridach ... glacc na ngormland, LL 184a22 ( Arch. Hib. ii 72 § 36 ). mac Carraigh glac na ngéibhenn, Irish Texts iv 31 § 10 . Murchad ... | glacc ro mill a ré im cach ríg, LL 4344 . mac Allgubad find | glac nach amdlugad Érinn `a hand that misbecame not E.,' Metr. Dinds. iii 330.17 . a ghlac geal white-handed chief! , TD 1.16 ; 2.52 . By extension a handful: glac arba (gl. glaneta) a handful of corn, Ir. Gl. 213 . glacc do mecnaib, PH 519 . fichi glac losa `twenty handfuls of leeks,' Leb. Cert. 244.9 . g.¤ rann a handful of verses, Content. xxv § 6 n. agh trí nglac ó gach rígh a beef of three handfuls, SG 21.11 . agh trí nglac ... lan glaice 'ṅa glan-adhairc, lan duirn 'na dluth-chruibh si, lan baisi 'na búan-erball, Misc. Hag. Hib. 113.18 .

(b) Various extensions of the sense grasp, clutch applied to things: a fork, a branch, a cleft, a recess: dochuaidh a nglaic a dhiallaide `into the fork of his saddle,' Ériu v 182.349 . a nglaic dilaiti a steit, ZCP vi 296.4 . i nglaic chroinn, BS 118.28 . eoin ... ina glacaib (of a tree), ZCP xiv 16.17 . mar bad hí ind ḟidbad rathuitted cách dib i ṅ-glaccaib ┐ gablaib ┐ géscaib araile, TBC-LL¹ 5030 . Cf. Todd Lect. iv 94.7 ( CRR² 35 ). TTebe 2810 . i nglacaib in glennai in the recesses of the glen, CCath. 3075. Cf. 865 . rainic C. in glaic (inngobail v.l.) mara `the arm of the sea' (of the British Channel), 159 .

(c) a holder, a receptacle, a quiver: glac saiged (gl. pharetra), Ir. Gl. 214 . glac ... or' dailedh na soigdi, Marco P. 121 . da .xx. saighed ann a glaic , L. Chl. S. § 17.

Compds. ¤bán white handed , Arch. Hib. ii 74 § 64 . ¤dóid tightly-gripping fist: iadas ... na glac-doidi ... tar corp ... MR 256.2 . ¤gonna a hand-gun, a musket: a glacghonnadhaibh ... glésoibne, Hugh Roe, fol. 82a (314.16) . ¤láidir strong-handed , MR 150.21 . ¤lebor (epithet) long-handed: gnaoi an glaicleabair gloin, ZCP ii 350.29 . a sduagh glaicleabhar (to a woman), TD 20.23 . ¤nem: flaith glacc-neme gēir `a prince venom-handed,' Metr. Dinds. iv 96.67 . ¤nuaide ` bright-handed ,' TD 30.7 . ¤ṡolus bright-handed , LL 396.6 . ¤thomside (epithet of a dart) fitting (or adjusted) to the hand (?): gai gormrúad glacthomsidi, LU 10227 ( IT i 310.28 ). glac-thoimsidhe (.i. lán glaice), O'Cl.

1 íar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 íar or dil.ie/26931
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: iar, ier, iar, ar, iar, érsná, er, ier, iar, ar, iarsin, érsná, iarmut, iarma, íarma, iarmu, iarmo, iarmaib, arnam, iarna, iarnar, íarnar, íar, iarna, íar, íarconn, íarngaes, íarmblas

nasalising prep. with dat. Forms: O.Ir. iar, ier; Mid. Ir. iar, ar: iar, Wb. 4a27 . Sg. 161b5 . érsná súthaib, Thes. i 5.33 . er, Sg. 197b10 . er cul Peter Apstel, Thes. ii 289.18 . ier, Thes. ii 240.20 , 24 (Ardm.). Hib. Min. 420 (H). CCath. 3475. Leb. Gab.(i) 88.x . ZCP viii 108.9 . Fl. Earls 166.16 . iar, Metr. Dinds. iii 170.27 . AFM vi 2372.17 . ar, Maund. § 11. Fl. Earls 178.9 .

With article: sg. iarsin tairgiriu, Wb. 19c3 . iarsin chumung, 16c19 . iarsind urd, Fél. Prol. 279. iarsind aeor, SR 2134. iarsint ṡligi, ScM. § 1.13 . íarsin muir, Imr. Brain § 32. īarsan abaind, Ériu ii 22.20 . pl. érsná súthaib, Thes. i 5.33 . iarsna reaib, Laws iv 230.z . iarnaib ... bliadnaib, 176.5 . iarsna saethraib, ACL iii 10.14 .

With pron. suff.: s. 2 iarmut, Ml. 70c15 . s. 3 m. and n. íarum q.v. (used only adverbially). Later O. and Mid. Ir. iarma, TBC-I¹ 1455. PH 7121 , 5654 . íarma: (bliadna), Todd Lect. iii 154 § 3. iarmu, IT i 120.30 . iarmo, PH 4673. pl. 3 iarmaib, SR 4776. IT iii 70 § 23.

With poss.: s. 1 arnam crádh, IGT Decl. ex. 223. arn-am choimmeas, TSh. 328. s. 3 m. and n. iarna hiris, Wb. 5c24 . íarna míad, Críth G. 83. air na chruthughadh, Donlevy 58.27 . f. iarna beím, ScM. § R 18 . pl. 1 iarnar sóirad, Wb. 14c7 . íarnar n-imchosait, LU 8080. pl. 2 íar far toimtin-si, Wb. 20a14 . pl. 3 iarna ndichennad, LU 9018.

With rel. (no ex. in O. Ir. Glosses): in sét iarsa tancatar, PH 7036. na da bethaid iarsa fhognann ..., 3546 .

Folld. by acc. instead of dat.: iarsin mbaigse, Fél. Ep. 315 v.l. iarsin mbethaid sin, PH 4669. iarsna gnimu mora, 1399 .

I Of time.

(a) Folld. by subst., vn. or pron. after: mad slaán in ball iarna galar `after its sickness,' Wb. 12b11 . massu cut séitchi rocretis na scarad frit iar cretim `let her not part from thee after believing,' 10a29 . iar ndígbail in tinfith `after taking away the aspiration,' Sg. 9a16 . dia treise íar fócru on the third day after notice, Críth G. 84. iar compert din spirad naob, Mon. Tall. 127.11 . mairc damsa ría cách, mairg íar cách, BDD² 731. íar ndénum in brothchán do-bert a máthair dí, 66 . dósom ┐ dia manchaib iar n-a écc, Lat. Lives 24.13 . iar feis di la Eochaid, IT i 121.26 . iar tregtad a chridi na chlíab, TBC-LL¹ 2036. iarsin mbethaid-sin ... `post hanc uitam,' PH 4669. ar techtt do Séith o pharrdus mar a roibi a athuir fúair ar faghbáil báis é `he found him dead,' Maund. § 11. in tan ... at[c]onncatar na fogmoraigh iar caithem a shoighet é, Stair Erc. 594. an lá air na mhárach the following day, Donlevy 486.6 . in pāpa ar n-īc a ttinnscra the Pope having paid their dowry, Fl. Earls 178.9 . `on condition that': tug a anam do iar n-anmain aigi na oglach indraic co bas, Stair Erc. 2554.

(b) With various substantives denoting time: íar cind aimsire léicid Cormac ... `after a time,' BDD² 64. tuidecht i n-Érinn íar n-aimseraib cíanaib, Imr. Brain § 32. ticfa már-gein íar mbethaib `after ages,' § 26 . gabsat Érinn iar n-edaib (v.l. ndedaib)? `at intervals,' Metr. Dinds. iii 170.27 . dia ro goireadh O Neill iar ttrioll `who was afterwards styled O'Neill,' AFM vi 2372.17 .

(c) Combines with pronouns and some substantives to form adverbs: íar sin, íar sain then, thereupon, after that, thereafter: dutét iarsin dia chennadich `then he comes to his province,' Thes. ii 240.13 . at-chíusa íar sin sainslabra sainigthi remib then I see, BDD² 462. dogníthea airig doib íar sin comdar reachtaidi uile, 101 . deisidh C. ina suidhe iar sin thereupon , ScM. § R 13 . ní bu chían íarsin coráncatar tír inna mban, Imr. Brain § 62. ro fallsighed do cach ní no biad iarsin `all that would be thereafter,' RC xxiv 192.2 . íar sodain after that, then: scaraid B. friu iar sodain, LU 8155. conid iar sodain ro gab ina glaic , 9070 . lotor ass íarsodhain, Hugh Roe 20.4 . íar suidiu after this, hereafter: ránic Patricc iersuidiu `after this came Patrick,' Thes. ii 240.20 . lotar íarum dochum nAlban ┐ ortadar a n-orcain and, ┐ ath-ralsat íar suidhi dochum nÉrenn, BDD² 428. bá iar sudiu conacrad Ailill do Chonchobur, LU 8744. in cauradmir ... do fodail fón slóg uile innocht ┐ techt immi iar sudiu hereafter , 8214 . lotar deisell arnauárach go D.... Lotar īar suidhiu do cill Monach, ZCP viii 106.28 . íar sunn hereupon: is íar sunn doinscanat gráda inna flaithe it is after this that the noble classes begin, Críth G. 315. íar tain afterwards, then (may refer either to past or fut. time): ciasu iartain rocet `though it was sung afterwards,' Ml. 2b6 . gair biuc iartain `shortly afterwards,' Sg. 147a7 . ro soich in rí iartain dochum na hingeni afterwards the king went, IT i 120.15 . má adcetha Aircthech íar tain, Imr. Brain § 12. co ro thuismiset iar tain so that afterwards they begot, SR 2403. dús inn imgabaind iar tain | Coinculaind mac Sualtaig `um zu sehen, ob ich ... vermeiden könnte,' TBC-LL¹ 488. is and-side ro-m-adnaiced-sa fen iar-tain `where I myself was afterwards laid,' PH 1533. ro-ádnacht tra a dá ingen, in da noem óig iar cén máir iar-tain `his daughters, the two holy virgins, were buried long after,' 2565 - 6 . ba dércach trócar ... ernaigtech in tí Longínus iar-tain thereafter , 684 . ro scail Ercuil de iar d[t]ain `and then H. loosed him,' Stair Erc. 359. íar céin after some time: in chaingnímai aili is iarceín rofinnatar `it is after a time that the other good deeds are discovered,' Wb. 29a30 . ro aintadaigsetar iar cein | sil Seth ocus clann Caeïn, SR 2401. ri dorat Seth soer iarcein | d'Adaum inn-inad n-Abeil, 2009 . da-nid da leith don duine ┐ ni cluined co hiarcen `he would not hear it till long afterwards,' Aen. 1936. íarsind úair after a while, presently: is mo chendsa ceta-imchoichertthar and íarsind úair iter feirtsib carpat, BDD² 732. íar n-úair in turn: déca cach ingnad ar n-úair, LU 3605. do cach budin ar [n-]úair, 2025 . ni for amlesaib in tṡlúaig | ber-sa cach fordul ar n-úair, TBC-LL¹ 487. go smuainim iar n-uair Muire ar tonnaibh an taobhochta `then let me think of Mary ...,' Studies 1932, 433 § 5 .

(d)

(i) íar + vn. + gen. has the sense of a past participle pass. or, in ref. to future time, of a fut. perf. participle pass. The agent is introduced by do: hícc sochuide tre precept iarnar sóirad `after our deliverance,' Wb. 14c7 . iar nemfadbail fire daoine `when the tests of men have not been procured,' Laws iv 294.7 Comm. iarna breith `having been born,' Fél. Ep. 119. iar tarmthecht dún `after we had transgressed,' SR 1559. in ndaraig móir ... iarna beím dó asa fremaib, Sc.M² R §18. iar ngabail righe d'Eochaid, IT i 118.8 . ni boí occosom do chumachta a mbith beó iarna ndichennad when once they should be beheaded, LU 9018. íarnar n-imchosait do Bricrind after B. shall have set us at loggerheads, 8080 . in c[h]uid nār marbad dīb do bātar ar n-a crēchtnugad, ML² 386. ar ndol dó isteagh san gceardchain `after he had gone in,' TSh. 313. delb Iustiníanuis impir ... ar na órud ` gilded ,' Maund. § 8. ionmhuin troigh a-tá ar n-a goin that has been wounded, DDána 26 § 24. atá arna tionól sonna `here is gathered,' Studies 1919, 438 § 3 . in fínemhain iarna freacar `when cultivated,' Stair Erc. 496.

(ii) íar + vn. + gen. dependent on vn. has also the force of a past participle pass.: iar marbhadh a righ `their king having been slain,' Stair Erc. 738. ar caithem na mís sin doibh `after they had passed that month,' 1038 . iar forba in morgnima so do E. `after H. had completed,' 373 .

(iii) When the vn. is beith, íar mbeith means being: iar nembeith cethra nocho `when he has not cattle,' Laws iv 264.22 . iar mbeith ag teitheadh do A. `while A. was fleeing,' TSh. 999. air mbeith dhamh go tromdha, tuirseach I being ..., Donlevy 288.9 . ar mbeith F. uasa cinn `since Ph. was above him,' Stair Erc. 342.

II Of place.

(a) across, along used both of movement across and of position along (e.g. along the edge of ...): traigh a leithead tis iar n-ichtar along the bottom, Laws iv 112.4 . airtem a leithet a crui iar n-airthur `a fist with the thumb extended being the breadth of its fork in front,' (i.e. across the front), ii 238.15 . a crich iar fut, iar lethet in its length and breadth, SR 2640. do deochaid Moisi ... for teched ... | iar tírib, iar slichtib srath, 3735 . conḟacca Euá... | iarsind aeor do noebnim | tri heoin gela through the air, 2134 . oc techt īar fraīchrud Mide síar across the heath, ScM. § 20.5 . oc ascnom íar Slige Chúaland, BDD² 288. scéith ... co círbachlaib co n-esnadaib crédumai iarna tóebaib along the sides of them. TBFr. 40. foracabsat a lungai isin inbiur ┐ dodechotar iar tír, Lat. Lives 5.1 . conacci a dochum in fer isin charput íarsin muir, Imr. Brain § 32. dolluid Eogan ... iarsind ḟaidche, IT i 76.3 . dolinged míl mbec iarsin lind dochum a bél across the liquid?, LU 10598. saighet tenedh do thuidhecht iar fut Laighen across Leinster, AU i 476.7 . colg dét iarna chossliasait chlí along his left thigh, TBC-LL¹ 5287. clar airgit ... co n-aireccur ōir...fair...iar n-imechtair `along the outside,' CCath. 5232. íar n-oraib na long `along the edges of the ships,' TTr.² 893. robarta tond tūargabar īar tóib betha blāi, Ériu vii 2.25 . bleogan ... do lēcad īarsan abaind `adown the river,' ii 22.20 . a troigthi ar n-ichtur ┐ a n-aigthi ar n-uachtur, TTebe 3069 . d' faixin in chaislēin ier n-inmhedhón on the inside, Fl. Earls 108.x . 166.16 .

(b) beyond, on the farther side of: lodar ... siar co rangadar Teach nDuinn iar nErinn beyond Ireland, Anecd. i 18.6 . co rochtus iarum inis nGlúairi iar nIrrus Domnand, Ériu iv 140.15 . i Síd Nenta iar n-usciu, Metr. Dinds. ii 8.92 . iar múr amuig, i 4.35 .

íar cúl behind: a mbís iarna chúul dind séit `what part of the way lies behind him,' Wb. 24a17 . laech as deach fil íar cúl scéith i tír Hérend, BDD² 690. co cúala a ceól íarna chúl `behind him,' Imr. Brain § 2. ro cumrigthe a lláma iarna cúl behind her back, IT i 76.11 . ind raibi athcomarc lat iar do chúl ria tudechd húc `didst thou ask permission of those whom thou didst leave before coming hither?', Mon. Tall. 135.28 . cumma no ṡliged iarna chulaib ┐ ara belaib `behind him and in front of him', Ériu iv 30.6 . an droch-nós do bhí 'na dhúthaigh do chor ar gcúl `to put aside,' TSh. 359.

III Abstract meanings.

according to, in respect of, by reason of: iár fír ` truly ,' Wb. 16a7 . amal dondbeir do cách iarna hiris `according to his faith,' 5c24 . ar n-athir iar colinn gl. secundum carnem, 2b23 . iar ndoinacht, Ml. 17d3 . sech ba huaisliu intí forchongair iar n-aicniud `though he that orders were naturally the superior,' Sg. 161b5 . co mbí bés a thige and íarna míad, Críth G. 83. nad imdich dethbiri iar ndia ocus duine `which necessity does not save according to God and man,' Laws ii 2.7 . iar th'intliucht, iar do glanchéil, SR 1582. noda sloindet íarum iarna slontib fíraib, TBFr. 66. .ix. ngrad nime íarna cémennaib ┐ íarna n-urd, LU 1977. iar forcetul in apstail, PH 4179. ar sēna féin imm ar ndeilb cid iar fírinni bem though we be in the right, Mer. Uil. 9. bid iar cōir a ōegedecht, ACL iii 313 § 11. do for[ṡ]lontib Ulad īar coitchenn in general , ZCP viii 331.10 . gérbho soicenelach hé iar ccolainn ro bai soichenelcha iar menmain, RC xxv 390 § 3. do Fearaib Bolg iat iar ngenelach `by race,' Ériu ii 182.1 .

Of authority, source, etc.: iar n-arsidib `according to the ancients,' Sg. 57b1 . mad iar ceill Cirine `if after the opinion of Jerome,' Hib. Min. 291. iar foirinn aili `according to others,' BColm. 56.28 . iar n-Augustin, PH 6436.

IV= íarum: do haithleaghadh iar i dtriathfhuil Éirionnach, Ó Bruad. ii 144.18 . aithneas iar nár chéim crithre `then she learned ...,' 120.5 . Cf. iar .i. na dhiadh, O'Cl.

V Prefixed to nouns and adjectives, íar nasalises and has the meaning after , e.g. íarconn, íarngaes, íarmblas. A few examples show lenition, e.g. íarshliss.

For íarsindí see under 4 í.

1 sordán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 sordán or dil.ie/38504

 

Forms: sórdán

n later written sórdán m. the act of humming, a humming : nocha n-ag sreód ata ar cuid | nocha n-ag eóin da barr slat | ní ag curnán do chrand chas | ní ag s.¤ glac i n-glaic (forms of divination), Misc. Arch. Soc. 5.56 . sórdán nach sólás le geamaraibh, Ó Bruad. iii 130 ix . an uair éistid le haos na faire amuigh | sórdán gach ceoláin nár chleachtadar, 136 xxv . Cf. 1 dord, dordán.