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1 caín

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 caín or dil.ie/7787
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: caindeifriges, cainternais

adj i fine, good, fair, beautiful , etc. Of persons etc.: Bláán cáin Cinn Garad, Fél. Aug. 10 . C. ba cáin áge, July 6 . a phopa ch.¤ Conaire, BDD² 1175 . caínsi ch.¤ corcarda lais, 675 . caín tarb (caintarb, v.l.) (of Cet), Sc.M² 15 . coīn mīlid Ailill fri āgu, Corp. Gen. 8.13 . is cur c.¤ ¤ cathbúadach, LU 8956 ( FB 71 ). it caíni for slúaig, 5531 (TBC). am c.¤ (.i. ni ḟuil luib is chaime andú), LL 1555 . cid cáin lib in laechrad, IT i 77.9 (LMU). cáin cech culēn fó ṡaidh, Cáin Ad. 8 . aged chāin (: sōir), ACL iii 307 § 15 . ingen Chuinn an c[h]rotha caoin, ML² 810 . sé c.¤ ceilligi carthanach, Stair Erc. 1025 . Of an action: is cáin didiu a n-essimthecht `fair then is their going forth', Thes. i 495.19 (Ardm.). ? c.¤ forondar a chorp hi crú, LU 8339 ( FB 24 ) (see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 604 ). Of clothes: fúan c.¤ corcra, LU 8601 ( FB 45 ). ad-mestar cáircha assa comthlachtaib cóinib, ZCP xi 85 § 39f. lend bus caoin dath, ML² 513 . Of objects soft, smooth : ail chaoin cumdachta, Ériu xiii 30.29 . im iomdhaidh thaoibh chais chaoin, 28.22 . ag cennghail um charraic cháin, Acall. 858 . mess fás. fidh cáin. olcc bláth `smooth' (i.e. devoid of fruit ?), SG 80.8 . is c.¤ cech ard, LU 3915 ( SCC 43 ). ba c.¤ ind fhidchell, TBFr. 90 . Of speech etc. soft, gentle : guthán c.¤ , Ériu xviii 12 § 6 . caoin fuigheall fri heigsi, Ériu xiii 14.3 . labhra chaoin, DDána 13.4 . d'aitheasg chaoin, 17.15 . cómhrádh caoin gach naoimh, Párl. na mB. 889 . ceól caoin na bhfilídhe, 1633 . ar chruit chaoin, DDána 119.29 . comhairle ch.¤ , ML 6.22 . Of weather fine, clement : sína caíni . . . gaim c.¤ cuisnech (oppd. to sína saiba), ZCP xi 82 § 25 . In chevilles: caoin rath, Blathm. 4 . caoin sgel, 153 . In nn.loc.. crutti Caínbili o Ess Rúaid da n-airfitiud, LL 8816 ( TBC-LL¹ 1449 ). Cf. Cluain caín, Druim caín, Caíndruim etc., Hog. Onom. Adv. co c.¤ cennsa, Stair Erc. 2235 .

Compar. Ailenn . . . / caīnu dūn dindgnai, Corp. Gen. 8.17 . cainiu cach fiach, SR 2485 . cainiu fedaib, Auraic. 5550 . ba cæine side cach fichthill, ZCP iv 35.17 v.l. As superl.: cáiniu di ḟlaithib in domuin, TBC-LL¹ 5171 .

Superl. ǽ drobéssach caínem di thonemaib Heirenn, Trip.² 1695 . Crist ba caoinem clú, Blathm. 247 .

As subst. Of a person: caoin ó a bhfaghair fóirithin (of a bishop), Arch. Hib. i 97 xviii . caíni U. (three harpers), TBFr. 108 . See 2 caín.

Compds. Forms compds. with nouns, adjj. and in adverbial sense with verbs. In composition with verbs treated as unstressed prefix, see GOI § 384 . In later lang. such compds. treated as simple vbs. e.g. caindeifriges, Auraic. 985 ; cainternais (sic leg.), ML 162.22 . Also used to form artificial compds. in etymol. glosses. Some of the compds. included here could belong to cain.

With nouns: ar a chaonairilledh, Leb. Gab.(i) 226.2 . bindḟogur a gotha ┐ a caínurlabra, LL 7740 ( TBC-LL¹ 210 ). trisin cainaisṅdíis (ref. to bene gratias agis). Wb. 12d20 . ar cháinbésaib im chóemchostud na fledi, MU² 211 . a gcrabhadh ┐ a ccáoinbhesaibh, Ériu v 74.13 . cāemdūdracht, cāinbēsa, ZCP viii 215.2 . do cech eclais bís i cāinbéscnu, Cáin Ad. 36 . aitherrach cáinbescna daib fri Dia, Anecd. i 41.20 . ica tá caoin bleith (of metal), O'Dav. 200 . ropo chuiscle chaenbríg, LL 27008 . fo cháinbuide (: óenṡuidi) na ndrong, SR 6055 . atcota becdata cāinbude humility wins gratitude, Anecd. iii 11.7 . ech gach eamhain ina caoincennas coir, Ériu xiii 27.8 ( Laws v 62.21 Comm. ). biaidh bo fó chaoinchethair ar anair n-iorchoraigh, xiii 25.22 `there will be a cow four fair times (i.e. there will be four cows) for a full melodious anair' (verse dealing with the rewards due to various metres), Meyer, Misc. Hib. 22 . ¤-chomrac etc. see separate entries. do-rala caínchomrád etir Coin C. ┐ Emir, MU² 136 . tré . . . caencrabud B., Lism. L. 3330 . atcota cīall cáin-chruth, Anecd. iii 10.18 . Mock n.pr.: Caonchruth mac Caoindhelbha, ii 64.5 . fothughad a caen-daime budein, Laws v 52.17 Comm. ¤-dúthracht etc., see separate entries. céd corn caoinegair, Mart. Don. xxxvi 14 . co cathair na caenḟled, Gorm. Dec. 18 . a chaínfochell asar corp `fair wage', Wb. 15c24 . tabraid . . . cāinforgall, Thes. ii 306.2 (Hy. i). ní raba . . . bá moo eneach na caonfuarascaibh ionás renown, TFrag. 178.1 . ¤-ḟúairrech etc. see separate entries. sin chaóinfresdail ┐ fritheoladh, RC xxix 146 § 72 . nach claistear a gcaoinḟriotal gentle speech, Hackett² xviii 39 . tria caonGhaoidheilg, Hugh Roe² 244.7 (fo. 61a) . Maccæma Túath nDea dom ét iar mo caenghuide, RC xii 60 § 18 . huanaib cainimbedaib ilaigthib gl. multiplicatis benedictionibus, Ml. 105a7 . cāinlāech Luigdech, AID i 53 § 3 , Celtica xi 125 . ar chrábhadh na caoin-léaghan do rádh `to say a prayer(?)', Celt. Rev. x 134.12 . caín-leas, MR 160.5 . fó ṡídh ┐ fo chaoin loisi, AFM ii 1164.6 . triallais . . . caenmag, LL 15762 . naoi ccuill chaoinmhesa, Ériu xiii 26.20 . anruth .i. sruth cain molta uadh, Laws iv 358.21 Comm. concertfa caenrecht for iathu B., YBL 181a11 . act rocloor for cáinscéilsi a good account of you, Wb. 23b2 , cf. b41 . fer ro scríb . . . / cáinscéla Críst chrochthai, Fél. May 6 . rind caein-sholais Chaingcrech, MR 114.2 . gan dire do chreith caoinṡrothaib, Ériu xiii 17.13 . á caintaidlech gl. satisfactionem, Ml. 32b22 . cáinteist diib `good testimony', Wb. 23a23 . ic tabairt chaintestusa, LB 107a24 . caintír toirthech (? cain), SR 963 . déce do caerca caeintlachta, Leb. Gab.(i) 30.15 . teinniu achuinscliu caíntocud, LU 7385 . trí hingena berta seirc do cháinthocud, Triads 110 . iarsin chaíntoil gl. secundum bonum placitum, Wb. 20d19 . do lucht na cain toile, ITS xxix 144.2 . 'na sgéith chreidimh ┐ chaointoile, Parrth. Anma 5064 . cáintoimtiu diib `a fair opinion of you', Wb. 23a22 . adchonncadar . . . isan chaentracht clerech, RC xxvi 160 § 47 . iarna cáintuistin, SR 7999 .

With adjj.

(a) Dvandva compds.: tecait cāinḟinn / corra, ḟāilinn `fair white birds', K. and H. 18 § 27 . cāinmaith slān / Sīrne, Ält. ir. Dicht. i 29.27 .

(b) Adjj. derived from nouns: go cobhsaidh caoin-bhéasach, TSh. 1854 . do reir diancecht cainbrethaig fair-judging, Laws iii 362.4 Comm. ambreith Chaei Chaenbrethaig, Thr. Ir. Gl. 9.2 . Connla Caoinbhriathrach, Keat. iii 518 . Mock n.pr. Feli ingen Caoinchlothaigh, Anecd. ii 64.9 . is caínchomairlechu beith i ssíd, LL 31741 (TTr.). uo cōinchomráitech . . . na fēne re chéle, Fianaig. 64.4 . a sgiath . . . chaoindealbhach, ML 112.19 . in dearc . . . caen-dénmach beneficent, PH 5923 . cros caoindénmhach uas a cind, AFM iii 312.10 . caindénmide gl. benefica est, Ml. 25d4 (caindenminde, MS). caindéinmidi (-deimidi, MS) gl. beneficam, 120b6 . amal as dund chaindénmidiu gl. benefico, 33b9 . nadbi caínfoltach nibi caínfuillmech `he who is not well qualified is not well remunerated', Ériu xviii 47.5 ( Laws v 112.7 ). cluithche caoínmhenmnach, Ériu v 166.56 . easbog cáoinráidhtioch, Párl. na mB. 3794 . labrad uallach ┐ chaintoimtenach dib fadesin `proud and self-complaisant speech', Ml. 31b10 . See caínḟúairrech.

With verbs: cáin-airlice lend graciously(?), LU 3489 ( SCC 26 ). mani cáinairlither `unless thou take good heed', Wb. 5b38 . in tan na cain-biadhtar cain-scarat, Laws v 292.12 . nī bo fri óigthea acher / cāinbói (.i. cáin nobíid) fri lobru trúagu, Thes. ii 328.3 (Hy.v). la Dal Riada cainebar / . . . / lethdeog, Anecd. i 14.15 ( SCano 478 ) (ibid). cáineperr gl. bene dicitur, Sg. 215a3 . caínéra, LU 3489 ( SCC 26 ). caoin éranar muca mbroghtar ina muicthech, Ériu xiii 27.23 = amail atbeir isin bretha nemidh cain erenar muc mbrogtar ┐ rl., O'Curry 1451 ( H 3.18, 647b ) (as-ren). c.¤ feid a rosc, LU 8342 ( FB 24 ). c.¤ fera bodil di fodbaid ríg (rhet.), 6122 (TBC). c.¤ fúalaing fuither glaini sair, 8343 ( FB 24 ). inna caingnethi gl. bene acta, Ml. 22d18 . With in-láidi, see ind-láidi. cumala caínógat a ngnímu `who fulfil their services well', Críth G. 485 and n . caínoís, LU 3489 ( SCC 26 ) (oidid). cain rognatha (gníid), Ml. 39a24 . cáinscríbaimm, Thes. ii 290.11 . caínté im gaí cainte gaithe, LL 1570 (téit). cia tīasam cáin temadar (.i. alaind), Thes. ii 299.30 (Hy. i). in-díu trá cáin-timgarat, Lament 90.5 . inna caintinscantai gl. bene coepta, Ml. 131c18 . caín tintaé chucum, LU 8310 ( FB 23 ). is caintormachtae (do-formaig), Hib. Min. 13.451 . clanda caine caīntuismiter, ZCP xi 92 § 21 . amail bid cainullmaigthe, Hib. Min. 13.448 .

In etymol. glosses on con as conjunction and preverb: caoinberim nó caoinbritheamnaigim gl. conidbiur, O'Dav. 391 (cf. Ériu xiii 21.30 ). conamus . . . .i. . . . ro cainaimsighedh, Laws i 48.18 Comm. conaraig . . . .i. . . . ro chain-airgestair, v 292.14 Comm. ar na conderbathar .i. ar na caindiubarthar, iv 196.23 Comm. (2 do-rorban?).

In later lang. used as occas. alliterating ornament e.g. do chogair ┐ do chaoin-chomhairligh aige féin, ML 26.14 .

With vnn.: cuile iar cainbiathad, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 52.29 ( Laws ii 386.z ). a condaill .i. a caindeligud, Auraic. 1501 . na ro cuindrigther . . . .i. na dentar do caindirech, Laws i 192.8 Comm. (etymol. gl.). in chainepirt gl. benedictio, Ml. 137d6 . tosach cōru cāinepert, Anecd. iii 16.15 . is maith bar caeineiberta, SG 350.1 . ¤-gním, see separate entry.

camall

Cite this: eDIL s.v. camall or dil.ie/8087

 

n o, m. (Lat. camel(l)us, see GOI 574 ). Also cá-. do-arblaing . . . den chamull fora-mbói, Tur. 60 . batir meít fiacla camaill (of teeth of warriors), ZCP xviii 297.4 . méitithir fri glunib cámaill a gluine, LB 151a27 . dath olla an camuill `the colour of camel wool', Rosa Angl. 186.3 . de fhinnaib gabur no chamaill, Thes. ii 326.38 glossing cilic (Hy.iv). in c.¤ quod est animal mírae magnitudinis , Ann. Inisf. 1105.7 . eilifint ┐ camaill, Celtica ii 121.24 . cóic cét cámall, Alex. 619 . carna camull mhelit, Marco P. 186 . camhaill ┐ asail . . . fa lointibh, 20 . breith chámhaill tré shnáthaid ( Matthew xix 24 ), Measgra D. 28.21 .

In contexts referring to Samson's `jawbone of an ass' ( Judges xv 15 ): hon glaini in chamul (recte -uil), Tur. 110a . lecca chamaill boi ina laim, LB 127b8 . a chromchuarcholtur do lecain camaill, Ériu v 156.201 . Also of Cain's fratricide: do dhoirt Cái-in . . . / fuil a bhráthar le cnáimh cámhaill (: ámhaill), DDána 31.10 .

combérla

Cite this: eDIL s.v. combérla or dil.ie/10791
Last Revised: 2019

 

n (bérla) common language : do chuaid glaini a hergnai / do choemthecht a chomberlai, SR 2772 . ? nach ruc úadib a n-érgna / a céill nach a combérla `their power of speech', Metr. Dinds. iii 386.24 (caimberla, v.l.).

fégad, féc(h)ad, dégad, déc(h)ad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fégad, féc(h)ad, dégad, déc(h)ad or dil.ie/21448

 

Forms: féchain, fécsain, feghad, fegtha

n u, o, m. (vn. of fégaid). Other forms which occur are fégain ( féchain ), fésgain (fésc(h)ain), fécsain, etc., q.v. See IGT, Verbs § 93 . Cf. déicsiu.

(a) looking at, beholding, scanning, (often implying close observation or examination), with obj. gen. or FOR: na treoit chairach ... | ic fegad na flesc, SR 2962 ( Gen. xxx 39 ). in fegad fégfatsa for na echaib, TBC-LL¹ 1343 (= an ḟechain dobersa St). pa forgranna an fegadh ┐ an frithailiom dorat cach dib for a celi (of two combatants) FB 40 Voss. ( ZCP iv 170 ) = feghad , Eg. ( IT i 273n .). ba foruallach ... an feogad (feghadh, feccad v.l.) dobertsat ... for a mbidbadaib, CCath. 2841 . ros fuc leis ... do fegad flatha nime, LU 1968 ( FA 3 ). rogab etere ... in n-ingin oc fegad Manandán, LU 3958 ( SCC 45 ). ní caomhnactar a feughadh ... leisna ruithnibh ZCP v 495y . ragab C. ac fegad Fir D., TBC-LL¹ 4059 . atnaig in cáinte ica ḟégad the satirist fell to looking at it (or him) LL 300by ( Bor. 51 ). do bhí ... ica ḟégad co fada gazed at it a long while Acall. 2268 . is ferr damsa dúl d'ḟegad in tslúaig, LL 302a31 ( Bor. 73 ; do dechain v.l.). t'imthacht fria f.¤ co fír | doridnacht Dia do Dauid to be looked upon (?) SR 6503 . cinnas atú-sa acut frim ḟegad ? what is your opinion of me from looking at me ? TBC-LL¹ 1850 (= cret í do doic[h]si asam ar mfechain duit St). ro líon ferg | in merrdhamh ... | re fegadh chon ngeal, Duan. F. i 32.13 . iar lessugud a llong ... ┐ iar fegad in mara im ḟéth ┐ im ḟostacht ┐ im glaini gaíthi, LL 230b12 ( TTr. 982 ). tancas asin sídh dá ḟégad gá lín do bádar, Acall. 1782 . gainem Mara Romair ... ┐ gainem Maro Rúaid | iarna fégadh sin uli, do dénam na tāthluimi after being examined (sifted) ZCP v 504.17 . Cf. mad ... dallṡinechus is a leith do īc gidbe aīs a mbia mana blicht for a seilb hi. Ocus ni uil in fegad sa for dairti no colpthaigh itir (of compensation for defects in cattle), O'Curry 1040 . 1099 (feghadh). 651 ( H 3.18, 435 . 446 . 315 ). g s. dar trealmaib timtirechtae ... a fegtha `the gear that served his sight' (i.e. the opening in the vizard for seeing) CCath. 4702 . fuigheall feagtha firinne `a sentence founded on the examination of truth' ML 108.4 . laoich nách faghthair fear a bhféachaidh `whom no man is found to face' TD 10.10 .

(b) transf. of that which is seen: aingil, apstail, ard fegad (: sénad) a noble sight (.i. is ard in fegad fegad angelorum ) Hy i 44 . inann finde ┐ f.¤ their fairness and their looks were alike Metr. Dinds. iv 232.15 .

(c) considering, taking into account ; here, perhaps: adropart Noe ... edpart ... don Coimdid, fri fegad cach druing dorhell in consideration of (?) all who had erred SR 2619 . cen fegadh muigi na inbleogain `without regard of place or kinsman' Laws i 192.24 Comm. cf. da ba dec orro sin ... ┐ a fet[h]amlac[h]us do ḟeghadh ar na danaib ele, v 94.2 Comm . i (ic) f.¤ (with gen.) in view of, in comparison with: is nemni sin i condiulg ┐ i fegad na péni fessin, LU 2752 ( RC xxv 254 ). i fégad ┐ i coṅdiulg cech dána rothídnaicc Dia ... is diasnéte in tidnacul tuc indíu ..., PH 5450 . nír bo ní trá in teclamad-sa ... ic fegad in tinóil dariacht a hinsib Mara T., LL 232a41 .

1 fonn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 fonn or dil.ie/23252

 

Forms: fond, fonna, fonnaib, fonn

n o, m. Treated as neut.: ba fond n-orddnide, LL 28b3 (= dind, Metr. Dinds. i 28.13 ). a p. fonna, LL 299a23 , ZCP xi 83 § 27 . Acc. to Stokes, ACL i 304 , a loan-word <Lat. fundus; Pedersen, Asp. i Irsk, p. 199 , takes fonnaib Ml. 78b9 as = bonnaib, and perhaps fonn is a later or variant form of 1 bonn.

(a) sole (of the foot): huam fonnaib (gl. plantis) Ml. 78b9 . (see supra). ind lám ... ┐ in tṡliasait ... ro gabtha o chund co fond from end to end LL 120a23 ( RC iii 177 ). óm ḟult gom dá f.¤ , ZCP vi 257 . isi a teist isin ló, traig fri traig, sal fri sal, f.¤ fri f.¤ , O'Curry 2428 (< Eg. 88, 33bb ). Cf. [f]onn .i. druim no bonn ... f.¤ fri f.¤ .i. do bonn i n-inadh buinn ind fir it dhegaid, O'Dav. 816 . noclistis fuiri iarom, napdar duba na glassa a fond `soles' RC xi 444 . for slig frisndringtíss, conclistíss for a rind, na ferad for a fonnib ib. (Fig.) corpdire ball o ara co fond .i. ó urradh co murcurtha, ZCP xviii 363 § 23 ( Irish Texts iv 26.2 ).

(b) base, bottom, foundation: fond .i. a fundo .i. o fudomain, O'Mulc. 572 . f.¤ .i. bunad, H 3.18, 541b . co ngluaisfi f.¤ fudomna | domuin dein, SR 8297 , cf. talam ... dian f.¤ fothacht fotlethet, 32 . lebend ┐ fond iníchtarach na cathrach di glain gil, LU 2038 ( FA 11 ). rogab fond [ = fotha, Dinds. 79 ] fo thalmain `it found bottom' Metr. Dinds. iii 456 . tucus licc ... co failgib findruine f.¤ `the bottom set with rings of pale metal' 124 . ó rogab f.¤ flatha fáe `the kingly seat' 210 (possibly in sense c). claide fidbad co fonnaib `digging up of woods with their stumps' 332 . [in fót :] imsóadh a f.¤ ind arda ┐ a fēr fri grian, Dinds. 100 (= BB 404a38 . The corresp. text Metr. Dinds. iv 166 has foescal, see 1 fáescal. (Fig.) f.¤ Senchusa Moir cetamus la Sen mac A., a imtormach la F. ┐ D. foundation Laws i 24.34 . seachnadh sé f.¤ na coire `let him avoid the depth of guilt' (2 fonn ?) BNnÉ 263.19 . Oengus oll | f.¤ fri nath a theme (lit. basis) for song IT iii 37 § 22 ( Bruchst. i § 8 ); cf. Aed ... f.¤ fri fuilted féle, Thes. ii 295.2 . co fo-llō fonna fod-longat the foundations which support him ZCP xi 83 § 27 . Cf. fo ondaib .i. chisaib ín charpaid, O'Curry 1043 (cf. Laws v 470.2 and see 1 fondad, and 1 fonnad). Often of a person, foundation, prop, support: a Flaind ... at fond flatha fine, LL 37b40 = Auraic. 5173 , Bruchst. i § 19 . fond na fagla (of Cairpre Ríata) LL 38b47 . Da thí ... in fond forais, MS. Mat. 490 ( LL 45b32 , where facs. has fond foraid) = Rawl. 86a1 (fonn). uaithneadha iorghaile ┐ fuinn díbhfeirge, Todd Lect. iv 86.5 . clann Colla ... na cóic fonna féig consider (?) the five chiefs KMMisc. 268.3 .

(c) soil, ground (= Germ. Boden) and by extension piece of land, territory: fond orbeman `land of heirs' (fig. expression for tares, gl. inervo, Ecl. iii 100 ) Philarg. 109 ( Thes. ii 48 ; cf. 363 ). ba fond n-orddnide n-imglicc (of Temair) LL 28b3 (= dind, Metr. Dinds. i 28 ) dar cach ferand, dar cach fond, TBC-LL¹ 3204 . doratt fond ┐ grían doib hi toīb Aurchuind, ZCP viii 308.29 . nenaid ┐ tromm 'malle | conid é f.¤ a dúine, ACL iii 304 § 8 . tir forlethan ... f.¤ cáin le gin puinn toirthe, Marco P. 11 . san bhfonn ndúthchasa (= natale solum) TSh. 6020 . Dia do betha, a Brenainn ... buide lemm t'iadhad 'mun ḟonn (= terra firma, contrasted with the ocean) Lism. L. 3812 . a choemu Cláir Cuind cóemfind | fuind fer Fáil, LL 5b1 . Transf. of sea: fri fairge f.¤ ` expanse ' Fianaig. 36.8 . Land, territory: ca fuinn ḟérmura geltfuit ar n-almha?, CCath. 603 . gér bhó fásach na fuinn sin AFM v 1784 . Darcellus ba flaith na fond, LL 131a8 = Trip. 534.1 . rí na naoi bhfonn (n.l.), Ériu i 104.1 . i bhfonn na cille, Hackett xlii 93 . Often folld. by gen. of npr.: f.¤ Fáil (Ireland) LL 22a23 . Ó rogabsat Túatha Dé | for fund Fótla, Metr. Dinds. iii 230 . TD 6.11 , re hollamhnaibh ḟuinn Éibhir, TD 8.24 . fonn Finn Féilim, i p. lviii . a fecht ┐ a slōged la firu Hérenn, ar is [s]lōged la fonnaib dogrés; a cáin ┐ a cobach la firu hAlban, RC xx 132 (= LU 376 ) hosting belongs to territories, cf. sluaiged la fonduib ... cablach ar muir, RC xx p. 426 (= Keat. iii 1286 ; la fondadh, BCC § 344 , cf. 1 fonnad).

Freq. in compds, esp. in sense (c) above.

(a) with adj.: du chirt Fotla fonnairddi of the high-lands (?) LL 149b47 = YBL 173a (= Banba barrairdi, Laud 615, 16 ). Cormac ... ba fotha fondbalc flatha firmly founded LL 28b49 ( Metr. Dinds. i 36 ). fer fond-balc ` firm-set ' Metr. Dinds. iii 154 . fót fondbras broad-bottomed LU 8661 ( FB 49 ). ¤chosach: a [eo]c[h]arimlib Sleibi Fuait -chosaigh broad-based (?) Acall. 7127 . ¤glan: ós chind .. na firthiprat -glaini ` clear-bottomed ' MR 232.22 . rigi Fodla fond-gloine of pure soil Fen. 352 . ¤glas: fochon -ghlas green-bladed Lism. L. 4583 . ic mallascnam in maigi -glais (i.e. grassy), CCath. 4994 . ¤lúath: fiach -luath swift-footed (?): swift over lands (?) SR 2550 . nuíde: tre thalmhain bfonnaoidhe fresh-soiled ZCP xii 384.15 = Dán Dé p. 29 . ¤réid: damha Fódla foinnréidhe smooth-soiled Ériu v 56 . ¤scothach: a himlibh sleibhe F. fondscothaigh, Acall. 8 ; 6592 ( ¤scathaig). ¤taitnemach: oilen fērglas -taitnemach, RC xxvi 136 .

(b) seldom with nouns: ¤brat: tír ... na bhfonnbhrat bhfionn `vestures of soil' TD 32.66 . ¤cheltar: ¤cheltra ... in talman ` carpets ' MR 240.6 . ¤fer man of the soil (?): inad sloig na foindḟear fras, Metr. Dinds. iii 424 `men of the soil, Territorials ' 555z ). ¤grian: dochuadar i fudhomain ┐ i -grian in talman, RC xliii 98 § 102 . ¤mag: rí an ḟonnmhuighe Ultaigh the Ultonian plain TD 2.2 .

fúalang

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fúalang or dil.ie/24644

 

n o, m. frenzy, distraction, mental derangement , of a temporary state induced by terror, grief, etc. , never of martial fury; freq. used of distracted persons: nos-geb fualung ┐ dasacht, Aen. 792 (= saevit inops animi Aeneid iv 300 ). rosgab fualung ┐ dasacht, Aen. 1662 ( Aeneid vii 377 ), Aen. 2176 (in all cases of frantic women). doratad iar sin fualaṅg fóthe coro liṅg dar dua ind liss, LL 274ax . na hairrdhena ... fúalaing ┐ foluaimhnighe, BS 2 § 1 . ro linad in saer-miled ... d'fualang ┐ d'uathbas, MR 232.2 (= d'ualang LL 409aw ). faennēlla fualaing, MR 230.11 . co ndeochaid E. ... for fualang ar a imomhon, BB 391a28 (= Dinds. 80 ). go ro líon dfeircc gur bhó suaill na deachaidh for f.¤ ┐ dásacht AFM vi 2360 . teacht uad ar f.¤ (of cattle), O'Curry 2328 ( Eg. 88 f. 25c ) = for fulung .i. ar dasacht, H 3.17, c. 637.39 ( O'D. 888 ). do leig spuir docum a eich ar f.¤ (ara f.¤ sin v.l.), Fier. 231 . mar choin ar fualang, O'R. Poems 2389 . Of intoxication: cf. cid dech do lindaib flatha | ebthair flaith lindai f.¤ , Anecd. i 14 . Of physical suffering: mar go bhfuilngeann an t-othar ... iomad fualaing tré ṡíneadh láimhe an leagha, TSh. 8234 (v.l. fualuinn, p. 494 ). ? caín feid a rosc rocheim inna chend síar | caín fúalaing fuither glaini sair, LU 8343 ( FB 24 ; apparently of Cú Chulainn's contortions).

fuither ?

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fuither ? or dil.ie/24926

 

ind caín feid a rosc ... caín fuálaing f.¤ [fuider, Eg.] glaini sair, LU 8343 ( FB 24 ; `glass' Henderson ITS ii , comparing W. gwydr < Lat. vitrum, an etymology questioned by Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 233 (3) . Cf. foithir.

1 glaine

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 glaine or dil.ie/25946
Last Revised: 2019

 

n (glan) , f. (m., IGT Decl. § 2 )

(a) clearness, cleanness; in moral sense purity: in glaine sin et ind nóibe, Wb. 9c30 . fris in noibi ┐ in glaini , Ml. 98d2 . a mundit[i]a .i. ōn gloine, Corm. Y 900 . Iulián all ṅglaine a rock of purity, Fél. Jan. 6. ib. 9 . ara glaini ro ainmniged disi sin (of Fand), LU 3377 ( SCC 17 ). eirnigter seoit di ... ar comet i nglaine for keeping in purity, Laws v 448.7 Comm. andgus .i. glaine, 460.5 . geanas (.i. glaine), ACL iii 12 § 16 . o bathis (.i. o glaine), 18 . glaine cride ┐ menman, PH 6350 . dho-míllset ... in gáel glaine do-bí doib ríu the bond of purity, 7432 . iar fegad in mara im ḟéth ... ┐ im glaini gáithi, TTr. 983 ( LL 230b13 ). buí día glaine corbo réill in grian ┐ in gainem (of the sea), LU 1883 . i fogmur ara glainni, Laws i 2.2 . do ghlaine a gaísi `by the clearness of his wisdom,' MR 318.29 . fer firen co ngloine aiccnidh, BNnÉ i 20.3 . ar gloine a n-ealadhan, Leb. Gab.(i) i 158 n. 4 . coraib a durrthech ... hi ṅglaine ... kept clean, Ériu i 219 § 6 . ar ghloine an árais, TSh. 3721 . gloine t'asán, TD 38.3 . gloine fhíacal, Amos iv 6. Psalms xviii 20.24 .

(b) glass, crystal; fig. crystalline quality: comla glaine fri cach sinister, Laws i 28.32 Comm. lestar gloine, PH 270 . dabhach ... do gloine ghuirm, Ériu iii 156 § 10 . in gem gloine (of a bishop), AU ii 174.9 ( an. 1173). mar théid tré chlár ngloine an ghrian, Dán Dé xxvi 23 . rosg ar néimh ghloine `of the brightness of crystal,' TD 27.42 . a ghluine mar néimh nuaighrís, Dánta Gr. 16.68 . bruar nó luaithreadh na gloine, TSh. 7195 .

(c) a glass (vessel): cenn Eōin Baptaist ... a ngloine cristail, Fl. Earls 30.8 . dū ina ndingentaidhe na gloinidhe, Fl. Earls 70.3 .

2 glaine

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n , f. jawbone, jaw: gl. mala, Sg. 48a4 . hon glaini ... ho glaini in chamu[i]l (gl. maxilla), Tur. 110a ( Thes. i 492.20 ). mebsaitis limsa glaini fer dia mbrāigde, TBC-I¹ 3547 . dosrérachtatar dia ṅglainib, LL 237a48 ( TTr. 1516 ). (?) fiaclaib glainib glanaib belaib dergaib tanaidib, LL 276a14 .

gléthech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gléthech or dil.ie/26081

 

adj o,ā bright pure: glé gléthech, Metr. Gl. 10 ( LL 395a13 ). ríagal glan-amra glēthech (: éthech), Ériu ii 64 § 6 . glass glēthach Nūadu brilliant, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 41 § 36 . nidat gleóir glethig gle | ar ṁbéoil ethcich elnide, SR 1611 . glaini glethig (: brethir), 4399 . lam fri idal ṅglethech ṅgal (: ethech), 4845 . ēirgidh ... go glētheach, ZCP ix 173 § 14 . tre berla ngregdha nglétheach, BB 44a40 . rotaitne in grian co glethech ┐ co glan, 244b27 . fuair bas on grein glethigh grind (:brēthir), 50a6 ( MacCarthy 410.11 ).

1 in

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 in or dil.ie/28194
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: int, -nt, -(s)int, int, na, inna, inna, in, -n, ind, in, ind, int, ind, int, int, ind, s-, -ss-, ocin(d), immin, immun, indá, dundaib, -b, -b, inna, na, na, in, in, na, ind, in, int, inna, na, a n-, a, a, -(s)naib, -(s)na, -d, na, inna, in, ind, an, an t-, in, int, ind, ind, a n-, in, mbúaid, a, in, ind, in, in, na, inna, inda, ind, indá, inna, na, inna, na, na, inna, na, ina, inna, na, in, -n, in, in, in, in, in, in, in, isin, isin, ind, na, in, in, na, na, na, in, in, na, na, na, an, na, ind

def. art. the. See GOI § 467 ff . Zeuss pp. 210 - 217 . Paradigm in O.Ir. Masc. Fem. Neut. Sing. N. in, int ind', in', int a n- A. in n-, -(s)in n- in n-, -(s)in n- a n-, -(s)a n- G. ind', in', int inna, na ind', in', int D. in' -(s)ind', ind', -(s)ind', in', ind', int, -(s)in', -(s)int, -(s)in', -nd', -n' -(s)ind', -(s)in', -nd', -n', -nt -(s)int, -nd', -n', -nt Plur. N. ind', in', int inna, na inna, na A. inna, na, -(s)na G. inna n-, na n- for all genders D. -(s)naib

The forms int, -nt, -(s)int are used before ṡ, except int of n s. masc. which occurs before vowels.

The forms na, inna g s. fem., n p. fem. and neut., and a p. of all genders, geminate follg. consonants and prefix h to vowels (but this h is very rarely written in O.Ir. Cf., however, inna hirise, Sg. 209b24 ).

Before the dual the art. always has the form in, -n except ind da la, Thes. ii 33.21 (Bv.).

The dat. forms without preposition, in, ind, int, occur in the formation of advv., see II (a) below.

Irregularities are not uncommon, e.g. ind for int, int for ind, etc. See Strachan, ZCP iv 62 - 3 and Zeuss, loc. cit.

The original initial s- appears only in the dat. and acc. after prepositions which originally ended in a consonant, with which it unites to produce -ss-, e.g. cossin n-óin, Wb. 2a21 . isin anmim, 9c30 . The s- does not remain after OC though this does not lenite a follg. subst. TRE lenites a subst. but the s- of the art. remains, perhaps through analogy. After FOR, which did not originally lenite, occur forms both with and without -s-, those with -s- being the more usual: forsin dígail, Wb. 1d2 . fornaib gnímaib, 5a5 . After prepositions originally and in O.Ir. ending in vowels both the initial s- and the vowel of the article are lost: ón bunud, Sg. 33b2 . dind insci, Wb. 5c16 . dont lathur, ib. With OC occur ocin(d) (so always in Wb.) and ocon(d); with IMM, immin and immun.

In medial position -nd- had become -nn- by the O.Ir. period but in a few archaic examples, -nd- is written: indá érrend gl. stigmata, Wb. 20d5 (a prima manu). inda fodb gl. exuias, Thes. ii 47.24 (see Thurneysen, ZCP iii 53 ). dundaib abstolaib, Thes. ii 247.12 (Camb.). dendibh Airgiallaib, AU i 178.8 (A.D. 726) . After prepositions the -n- is single even between vowels: cosnaib, frisna, donaib.

Occasionally even in the O.Ir. glosses the first syllable of the dissyllabic form is dropped, and this becomes the rule later: na teora persana, Wb. 9c30 . na cétne tuisten, 21b4 . na cetnae rainne, Sg. 18b1 . For other exx. see below. In the follg. instances from Sg., in (acc.) seems to have dropped out after -r and before a numeral, leaving an eclipsing n. etar ṅdi rainn `between the two parts,' Sg. 2b2 . etar ṅdá n-ulla , 45b19 . far n-óeṅdeilb `according to the same paradigm,' 90b2 . for n-óin ṅdeilb, 201b6 .

The forms in -d (ind, -sind, -nd) remain only before vowels and before lenited f, r, l, n and, in Wb., sometimes also before lenited m and b.

In forms such as dinab fochidib, Wb. 11b4 , dinab gabalib, 13d33 , arnab uilib cumactib, 21a13 , the quality of the final -b of the article is assimilated to that of the following initial. d p. forms without the final -b developed from such examples as donaballaib, Wb. 12b2 , huana fochaidib, Ml. 54a18 , hona mainénaib, 69c5 , where the final of the article became assimilated to a following initial labial. These forms, however, are still infrequent in the O.Ir. period. Three times in the glosses the n p. fem. and neut. form occurs as masc.: inna leomain, Ml. 80a10 . na tri recte, Wb. 29a16 . na sothe, Sg. 64a14 (see GOI § 309 ).

The art. is regularly sg. before collectives and personal numerals.

When an ordinal numeral adj. follows the art., in the older texts the inflection is regular: na dechmaide bliadna, IT iii 54 § 99. inna treisi dūalchae, ZCP iii 25.35 (but see 2 tress). inna cōicthe dūalche, 26.26 ; but later it varied, the masc. form of the art. being somet. used before a fem. noun: n s f. in ochtmad taidbsi, PH 6716 ; but cf. in cethramad taidbsi, 6702 . is í so in t-ochtmad plāg, 7653 . g s f. na hochtmadi oesi, 3582 . i gcionn an treas bliadhna, Keat. iii 1919.

The chief changes occurring in the form of the article in Mid.Ir. are

(i) The n p. masc. forms ind, in, int gradually disappear and are replaced by the forms common to the fem. and neut., inna, na.

(ii) By 1000 A.D., a n- in the n s. and a s. neut. has virtually disappeared, the only certain examples in SR being: a lleth n-aill, SR 5152 , a mbé, 5974 (see Strachan, Phil. Soc. Trans. p. 7 ).

(iii) -(s)naib in the d p. gives way to -(s)na.

(iv) the -d forms are less common.

(v) the monosyllabic na tends to displace inna.

In Mod. Ir. in, ind > an, an t-.

I Forms (divided into (a) forms from O.Ir. glosses, (b) forms from other texts).

Sing.

nom.

masc.

(a) in fer, Wb. 22c9 . in corp, Ml. 22d9 . in ball, Wb. 12b11 . in senduine, 27b8 . int athir, 4b13 .

(b) int othrus, Críth G. 47. in sluag, LU 4563. in t-ara, 4507 . in cing, 347 . in fer, PH 92. in t-espuc, 25 . in slog, 7237 . an samhradh, TSh. 6345. an t-adhaltrach, 6482 . an ciste, 2951 .

fem.

(a) ind leire, Wb. 13d15 . ind nóibe, 9c30 . ind rún, Ml. 45a3 . ind fáilte, Wb. 16b2 . in fírinne, 9c30 . ind almsan, 17a3 . in ben, 22c9 . ind bendacht, 19b15 . in tol, Ml. 18c9 . in chiall, Sg. 27a8 . int ṡillab, 25a1 . cf. ind sillab, 26a4 .

(b) ind ḟlaith, Críth G. 573. ind ingen, LU 4525. ind rígan, 5205 . ind lánamain, 5403 . in tslige, 5077 . inn orcuin, BDD² 493. ind aimser, PH 5032. in eclais, 86 . in tslanti, 275 . in rīghan, ML² 45. an aislinge, 69 . an chiall, TSh. 985.

neut.

(a) a n-accobor, Wb. 3d3 . a mbás, 15b28 . a teg n-oiged, 4a7 . a ndede n-isiu, Ml. 62c3 . a laithe, 21c3 . a folad, Sg. 3a2 . a rrind, 70b7 . a nnu-iedniss, Wb. 15b2 .

(b) a n-ag, LL 112b31 (Sc.MMD). a n-ude, LU 4866. a llá-sa, 5039 . in laa, 5057 . a llathe, 9743 . a n-ainm, 6182 . in n-écosc, PH 6442. a sessed ngrad, 6246 . (Cf. in t-ochtmad grad, 6251 ). in ainm, 672 . in iach-lind, 381 . in ní, 897 . ind ni, 5251 . an ni, 6194 .

Acc.

masc. and fem.

(a) frissin popul, Ml. 46b26 . trisin recht, 46c20 . in digail, 40c3 . in soscéle, Wb. 18c10 . frisin n-iarfaigid, Ml. 20c9 . in n-almsin, Wb. 16d7 . tresin n-aimsir, Sg. 188a26 .

(b) fón slóg, LU 4654. lasin n-íngin, 4522 . in domon ndron, 3566 . in mbelra, PH 2619. frisin ṅdeilb, 125 . in anmain, 2068 . romolsadar in t-ardrīg, ZCP v 25 § 10. ro gab naire in t-airdrigh, Stair Erc. 1135. gurab é Dia ... do-rinne an bás, TSh. 1052. an cheist, 2855 .

neut.

(a) a mbúaid , Wb. 11a6 . tresa n-acomol, Sg. 32a8 . trissa ndede-se, Ml. 123c5 . cossa laa-sa, Wb. 23a17 .

(b) isa tír, Imr. Brain § 62. a fér, LU 4733. lasa comérge, 4880 . isin n-ármag, 4943 . issa sudiu, 9080 . isi[n] sudi, 9082 . in n-aicned doennai, PH 179. in mboimm, 2373 .

Gen.

masc. and neut.

(a) in betho, Wb. 1a3 . in cháich, 2b11 . ind lóge, 3c1 . ind rechto, 15a34 . ind fir, 13a12 . ind ḟolaid, Sg. 28b19 . ind apstail, Ml. 26a2 . int soirtha, 46b26 . (cf. ind senduini, Wb. 27b8 . ind ṡrotho, Sg. 35b7 ). int srotho, Ml. 93b11 . in tairmchrutto, Wb. 15b6 .

(b) in muilt, Críth G. 73. in tairb, LU 4610. in chon, 5013 . in pheta eóin, 5289 . ind ríg, 4757 . in rothclessa, 8844 . ind laí, 4858 . in locha, 9098 . ind athig, 4684 . ind fir, 4765 . in tṡeuin, 4508 . ind rig, PH 4365. an fhir, 1177 . in apstail, 1991 . ind ecraibthig, 6062 . ind imdibe, 5652 . in t-sacairt, 2508 . in slaníceda, 5146 . an fhedhma, ML² 20 . ind fhir, TTebe 1544 . and fhir, 2433 . inn eich, 2278 . en foulachtae, CMT² 60 § 133 . an bhrátha, TSh. 1014. an tsein-reachta, 404 .

fem.

(a) inna deacte, Wb. 5c16 . inna flaithemnachtae, Sg. 2a1 . inna aidche, Ml. 21c3 . na aimsire, Sg. 188a28 . inna hirise, 209b24 .

(b) na llongsi, IT i 77.3 . na mmucci, LL 112b43 ( ScM. § 8 ). inna conaire, LU 4710. na glassi, 4797 . na haidche, 9058 . ina óidche, PH 1490. na hindsci, 6213 . na colna, TSh. 947. na haithne, 1009 .

Dat. m., f. and n.

(a) isin chétne tuiste, Wb. 1a1 . forsind immarmus, 1d2 . dind fiur, 22c9 . dind failti, Ml. 21c3 . isin anmim, Wb. 9c30 . huant firinni, Ml. 57d8 . isind laithiu, 21c3 . dont lathur, Wb. 5c16 . isint saltair, Ml. 23c19 . isind salm, 50d4 . isin biuth, Wb. 12c16 . dind béstatu, 5c16 . don duini, 4b3 . dond macc, 7c13 .

(b) don chath, LU 4557. isin phupull, 4620 . iarsind frecra, 4772 . don tslúag, 4570 . don ṡlúag, 4748 . dond ríg, BDD² 99. don ríg, 85 . asind aimsir, PH 4928. isin eclais, 3181 . don tsacart, 3140 . assin sinagoig, 110 . asind lucc, 4099 . donn ītadhach, ZCP viii 215 § 75. don fhíréan, TSh. 1146. don pheacthach, 1137 . don tsaidhbhir, 954 . san bhioth, 832 . (cf. san mbioth, 837 . san Sabboit, 4114 ).

Plur.

nom.

masc.

(a) in phreceptori, Wb. 5a2 . in chnamai, Ml. 22d7 . in pecthaig, 55d11 . ind rig, 85d10 . ind apstail, 42b7 . ind fir, Wb. 5a5 . ind ḟilid, Sg. 162a3 . int soirthi, Ml. 19b11 . inna leomain, 80a10 . na tri recte, Wb. 29a16 .

(b) na trí maccáin, Fél. Aug. 2. inna druing-sea, Fél. Ep. 285. (All other examples in Fél. follow strict O. Ir. paradigm, Stokes). inda sacairt, Mon. Tall. 134.11 . in doíni, TBFr. 55. na doíni, 306 . in maic, LU 4900. ind eich, 4733 . na heich, 5070 . in tṡlóig, 4609 . inn óicc, BDD² 896. na heóin, 142 . ind eolaig, PH 7313. in augtair, 6944 . na noim, 3649 . na hapstail, 1826 . inda hapstail, 5371 . ind apstail, 6720 . ind ēcis uile, Anecd. iv 93.10 (Corm.). na tri coicait, LL 114a29 ( ScM. § 21b ). na trenmilid, TTebe 4478 . na cinn, TSh. 73. na haidhmillte, 6088 .

fem. and neut.

(a) indá érrend (gl. stigmata), Wb. 20d5 (a prima manu). inna briathra, Ml. 22c5 . inna ancride, 27b15 . inna anmmann, Sg. 28b18 .

(b) na tigi, IT i 74.7 . inna buidne, LU 4685. na bai, 5398 . na cenna, 4806 . na mna, PH 4997. na créachta, TSh. 1013.

Acc. m. f. and n.

(a) inna fíraingliu, Wb. 9c10 . frisna preceptori, 14d37 . lasna fileda, Sg. 63b4 . na rúna, Wb. 12c11 . lasna anmmann, Sg. 51b10 .

(b) na firu, LU 4626. inna heonu, 5159 . inna echraidí, 4712 . na pecdachdu, PH 3619. na briathra, 3660 . na cóic ṡéotu, Críth G. 162. inna .vii. sa, 307 . na teasta, TSh. 6771.

Gen. m. f. and n.

(a) inna ndóine, Wb. 5c16 . inna fer, 7c8 . inna mban, 22c10 . na n-abstal, 18d14 . na sacardd, Sg. 54a11 . na conson, 9a19 . na forcetal, Wb. 16a12 . inna rrath, 15c3 .

(b) ina ndescipul, Hib. Min. 54. inna muccaide, LU 4670. na nGalión, 4648 . na fíren, PH 437. na ḟer (sic leg.), 1017 . na mbeo, 3648 . na n-ilberla, 5484 . airdena ana cóic la ndéc ria mBrath, RC xxviii 310 § 1. inna fer, TTebe 1845 . na n-ánrad, 951 . na bpeacthach, TSh. 991. na sácramainteadh, 1561 .

Dat. m. f. and n.

(a) donaib ballaib, Wb. 7d14 . donaballaib ailib, 12b2 . arnab uilib cumactib, 21a13 . dinaib fochaidib, Ml. 19b11 . isnaib consonaib, Sg. 9a22 . donab huilib doinib, 189b9 . forsna huilib remṡuidigthib, 212a13 . ocnafothaircthib palnacdib, 217a4 . honai gabalaib, Ml. 54b25 . donab nemindithib, Thes. ii 33.28 (Bv.).

(b) oconaibh insibh, AU 851. donaib Galionaib, LU 4659. dinib collaib, 4937 . dona druídib, 5061 . dina lecaib, 5889 (H). forna bochtaib, PH 3603. dona noemaib, 3620 . donaib maithib ┐ dona holcaib, Ériu iii 2.13 . fornaib coic cathrachuib, ii 140.5 . dona hōgaib, ML² 173. dona daoinibh, TSh. 968. arna heasbadhaibh, 973 .

Dual.

(a) In the O.Ir. glosses, before the dual, the art. always has the form in, -n: Nom. m. in da fersin, Ml. 58a11 . f. in di bai, 2b11 . n. in da n-ainm, 34d6 . Acc. m. in da airdigtha, Sg. 77a8 . f. etir in dí ṡillaib, 59a17 . Gen. m. cechtar in da popul, Ml. 46b30 . n. cechtar in da leithe, Sg. 25b6 . Dat. f. isin dib bliadnib, Thes. ii 30.35 (Bcr.). n. isin dib desmrechtaib-so, Ml. 114b1 . ( ind da la occurs in the Vienna Beda, Thes. ii 33.21 .).

(b) Later the art. preceding the dual is sometimes na, but in remains more common: in dá erred (g.), LU 8057. na dá ech (a.), 8590 . na da ban (g.), 8375 . na dá Maine (n.), BDD² 106. in da gilla chétna (a.), TBC-LL¹ 677. túath in dá Maine (g.), BDD² 210. na da ánrath ┐ na da rind n-agha (n.), TTr.² 583. na dá n-ug n-urchoidech (g.), MR 110.4 . na dá neirrech (g.), Laws iv 336.16 . an dā rīg (na, v.l.) (n.), ML² 776. asna dib berlaib, Lec. 167d31 . don da thóisech, Ériu v 152.126 .

II Article used in formation of adverbs ( GOI § 251.3 and § 379 , § 382 . Zeuss 608 - 9 ).

(a) When nouns of time and manner are used adverbially in the dat. sg., they may be preceded by the article, e.g. in chruth as coir, Wb. 7b1 . in chruth sin, 7d16 . ind echt sa, 3a7 ; but cf. cruth ro pridchissem, 24c17 . inni rombatar riam hí tempul, Ml. 62b2 .

(b) In O. and Mid. Ir. the article (but see alternative explanation, GOI § 379 ) was used with an adj. in the dat. sing. neut. and with some participles in -de to form an adverb. The follg. list is illustrative only: in biucc gl. paulatim, Sg. 12b1 . in mór, Wb. 14b21 . in már gl. adeo, Sg. 8a2 . in deurb ` certainly ,' Ml. 70b2 . ind fír ` truly ,' Wb. 14c32 . ind ḟír, Sg. 106a5 . in demin gl. quidem, Ml. 37a13 . int soer gl. libere, 31b18 . int sainriud, 54a22 . in chomocus ` nearby ,' Sg. 188a19 . ind imdu gl. passim, Ml. 35b5 . in fortgidiu ` covertly ,' 30a3 . in chlidiu, 50c13 . in chotarsnu gl. e contrario, Sg. 17b9 . ind ulcc male, Hib. Min. 432. ind infholach secretly , PH 6085. in infholuch, 7998 . In a few exx. the form of the adj. is that of the nom.: ind utmall, Wb. 26b10 (but this form may also have been used for dat.). in madae, 19d16 . ind immdae, Sg. 26a5 . Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii § 419 explains this as being due to the similarity of nom. and dat. masc. and neut. forms in some adjj. Cf. also: in tsainrethaig, LU 5514.

With compar. and superl. of adjj. to form comparative advv.: ind ichtarchu gl. inferius, Ml. 24d30 . int serbu gl. amarius, 24c10 . in máam gl. primum, Wb. 1c20 . ind luindiu gl. commotius, Ml. 32d1 . ind feliu gl. uericondius, 58b1 . ind lugu gl. minus, 123c12 . in mó ┐ in mó, Trip.² 2108 , 2628 . in mor-mo, PH 3369 , 3605 . See GOI § 382.

(c) In the case of adjj. in -d(a)e (except imdae) and participles in -th(a)e (but see in fortgidiu, in chlidiu, above), instead of the dative a form in -id, -ith combines with the art. to form the adv. A few instances also occur of advv. formed in this way from substantives. From adjj.: in doracdid `in the Doric fashion,' Sg. 204b9 . in chorpdid gl. corporaliter, Wb. 27a12 . ind óindid once , Ml. 29a3 . int slanidid ` salutarily ,' 71a1 . in tuailngigthid ` deigningly ,' 78c1 . ind inchlidid gl. latenter, 100c7 . in tuasailcthid ` absolutely ,' 32d5 . From substt.: in mesid (<mess) gl. iudicialiter, Ml. 51c21 . ind frithoircnid (<frithorcun) ` offensively ,' 127c23 . in diglaid (<dígal) gl. ulciscenter, 62d3 . ind áirmith (<árim) ` numerically ,' Sg. 27a17 .

III Usage.

The article is always proclitic and is used before a substantive to express the definite character of that substantive unless this is already apparent either from the nature of the substantive itself, as in the case of proper names, or from some accompanying defining word or phrase, e.g. when the substantive is followed by a definite genitive, or preceded by a possessive adjective.

A Exx. of the ordinary use of def. art.: accaldam auctor ind recto `an address to the teachers of the Law,' Wb. 3c4 . risiu rocloammar in fogur `before we hear the sound,' Ml. 112b12 . intan labratar ind ḟilid `when the poets speak,' Sg. 162a3 . oc déscin na macraide, LU 4859. in trénfir ┐ ind láith gaile, 8104 . an cúigeadh cinéal, na mairtírigh, TSh. 4842. In: amal in scrissid .i. amal in n-altain n-áith `as a scraper i.e., as a sharp razor,' Ml. 72b8 , translate: as the scraper etc., regarding it as a type of instrument rather than a single instrument of its kind?

The article is used

(a) in the sense of each, every, also a single in such phrases as: ced fan fer, Stair Erc. 1471. 1532 . berad-sa anam a flaithess duit a n-agaidh an ruainde da fuil ad brat `for every thread in thy cloak,' BCC 358.14 . is assu duinni in fer cech laí andás a cét cach n-aidchi one man every day, LU 5622.

(b) sometimes with cách, when this is followed by a relative clause: ní lat in cách forsa mmitter `not thine is everyone on whom thou passest judgment,' Wb. 6b22 . úar in cách dodechaid úad, Trip.² 1198. congnamh lásan ccách nó chathaighfeadh dar cenn an chreidimh, AFM vi 2290.22 .

(c) with oen-, intensifying the idea of singleness: nabīd D. fut ind ṡamlāi oc breith na hēnbrethi `giving a single judgment,' ZCP xiii 179.1 . con-accai ni ... .i. in n-aenmnái for fertais in charpait, TBC-LL¹ 202. hespach do neoch a thríall acht dond oen ḟialluch, 415 .

(d) in speaking of two things (cf. Fr. l'un, Germ. der eine): focherded a líathróit ┐ focherded a loirg ... Níbo moo in band oldas a chéle one stroke was not greater than the other, LU 5006. timchillid a teach ón dorus colaile, RC xxiv 145.14 . dā ṡenrand ... dun rand díb ... don rund aile, Fianaig. 48 § 14 , § 15 .

(e) frequently, and particularly after verbs of seeing, before a noun which is logically indefinite to draw attention to it and to render the narrative more vivid (for an alternative explanation see GOI § 470 ): co facatar in tsentuinne they saw an old woman, Corm. Y 1059.43 . co n-acca ara chind in fer ┐ leth a chind fair, LU 4933. co n-aca Cú in n-ócben cuchi, 6082 . co n-acca in tech find, MacCongl. 67.12 . co n-accas na trí coícait ban co n-inaraib corcraib, TBFr. 258. rataiges in triar marcach dochom in tige, LU 6779. is and dosnarraid in fer máeldub, 6820 . doringni in mac bec in tres gním `eine dritte That,' TBC-LL¹ 1068. duscōtar īarum condusrulai isin mag n-ālaind co n-acatar an rīghrāith isin [maig], ZCP iii 459.18 . is iarum bert in Liath Macha na tri dergruathra, RC iii 181.36 .

(f) before nouns followed by the demonstratives so, sin, tall, ucut: in chrud sin, Wb. 13a6 . tarsin corp sin 15c16 . in teintide tall, ZCP v 25 § 7. isin tsalm tall, Ml. 58a11 . don mac so, BDD² 107. in tan sin, 130 . in triar ucut, 295 .

B The article is not usually used before

(a) personal names. In O. Ir. names of individuals take the article only when they are qualified by an adj. or a demonstrative, or when used as common nouns (e.g. á ṅIacob the name Jacob, Ml. 34d6 ): ol Duaid, Ml. 95d7 . mad la Cirine `according to Jerome,' 74d13 . ho Isaác, Wb. 4c7 . for érlam Patraic, Thes. ii 305.5 ; but: in Scip Emelendae gl. Emilianus Scipio Sg. 31a2 . in Caesar Octauienda gl. Octauianus Caesar, 31a3 . in Fiac sin, Thes. ii 307.3 . co tech in Dubthaig sin, ib. 9 . Exceptionally: Nabál sin slebi Carmil, SR 6307. In Mid. Ir. it is somet. used with anaphoric force: a n-Inis meic Uchen robai in Gartnan, Anecd. i 1.3 . in Cathal, MacCongl. 41.28 . iman Mormael, Ériu xii 190 § 23. do marbsad in tEochaid andsin, ZCP viii 274.13 . ba rí hi Temair in Fīachu Sraptine amal adrubrumar, 317.16 .

(b) place-names: i Corint, Wb. 14b5 . i nEgipt, Ml. 88a12 . téicht do Róim, Thes. ii 296.3 . co nōgaib Hérenn, 306.1 ; but: ind Róm fil hí Constantinopoil ... inna Rómae, Sg. 174a1 . In Mid. Ir. the article became more common particularly before a noun in the genitive, but the omission of the article was still much more frequent than its use: ind Eriu, LU 4042. íar sligi na Temrach, BDD² 131. do Themraig, 149 . fonaidm ṅgíall Temrach, 164 . sethnu na Hérind, 608 . i tír Hérend, 690 . i nOenuch na Crúachna, LU 2888. hi cathair Cruachna, 2886 . isin Taltin, 2894 . hi Taltin, 2896 . In Mod. Ir. some geographical names regularly take the article, e.g. an Fhrainnc, an Spáinn. Others sometimes take the article, but in the gen. only: Éire, i nÉirinn, tír na hÉireann. Alba, muinntear na hAlban; but cf. lucht cuarta Éireann, Dáil Éireann (Dinneen, s.v. Éire).

(c) names of peoples and patronymics: arindí atrebat Romáin and, Sg. 33a11 . atrebat Laitnóri and, 14 . di Romanaib, 33a10 . Romoldai, 31b4 . la Ebreu, Ml. 26c1 . di Iudéib, Wb. 27d4 . fri Saxanu, Críth G. 523. la hUltu, BDD² 977. do ríg Rómán, LU 6389 ; but: ind Romain, Sg. 31b5 . int Ṡabindai, 28a10 . forsna Egiptacdu, Ml. 96c11 . do choscc inna nIsrahélde, Wb. 5a16 . na nDéisi, Thes. ii 297.5 . in Galióin, LU 4656. co tríchait chét na nGalión, 4648 . The absence of the article would seem to be the earlier usage, cf. la Féniu (a phrase common throughout the law-tracts), Críth G. 125. chórus Féne, 588 .

(d) nouns that refer to things of which there is one only, or one outstanding example (these nouns approach in meaning to proper names): is samlid dano gniith demun, Wb. 21b2 . amal indocbáil dáe, 21a10 . as tualang deacht todiusgud Crist `the Godhead,' 13c15 . i tempul, 26a8 . hi fudumnaib talman, Ml. 40d16 . di chosecrad tabernacuil, 48b11 . gein maicc hua athair `the birth of the Son from the Father,' 85b11 . conapad firdía mac `that the Son should not be true God,' 21c12 . amal as toisegiu grián indáas laithe, 85b11 . o hescgu co grein, SR 113. o thosuch domuin, 517 . dochuaid diliu don domon, 2592 . co lluid trít co talmain, LU 5767. do diabul, PH 4889. nī dlig sāire ... i tūaith nā i n-eclais amongst the laity or in the church, Ériu i 218 § 2. roaithbeōaig Cairbri ō marbaib from the dead, ACL iii 225.v . Siuir agus Máigh ag gréin dá ngeimhliughadh, DDána 109 § 11. for fairgi, Corm. Y 1059.14 . fri tīr, ib. 15 . slánaigh le hóigh t'oileamhain `make good to the Virgin her nursing of Thee,' Aithd. D. 67 § 26.

Here belong the names of parts of the body: ho giun et ... hi cridiu, Wb. 5d14 . ind foisitiu i ngiun `the confession in the mouth,' 4d33 . a n-asberid hó bélib, 7d10 . a lleth o laim deiss `the half from the right hand,' Sg. 17b2 . risiu rocloammar in fogur hua chluasaib with the ears, Ml. 112b12 . anuas co imlind, LU 5780 ; but cf. intan citambí ind lám in terochraic, Ml. 36b1 . in geno gl. oris, 82c5 .

(e) a noun occurring in apposition to a proper name as a sobriquet: for Lomnae Drúth, BDD² 705. Suibne Geilt, Thes. ii 294.10 . for Tamun drúth, LU 6670. Cauland cerdd, 4975 . aided Redg cáinte, 5803 .

(f) the names of abstract ideas, virtues, vices, etc.; nachin rogba úall `that pride may not seize us,' Wb. 15d40 . is asse dúib maid do denum, 4a4 . inne maith ł uilcc, Sg. 39a32 . nephdenum neich di ulc fri nech dogní olc frit, Ml. 23c20 . dechair eter olcc is maith, SR 1255. erig, ... córu achāch duit mormenma, TBC-LL¹ 3978. ni rabi a samail ... ar maisse ┐ míne ┐ mórdacht, TTr. 621. ní fhuil nert agud gun techt lium, ZCP vi 48.12 . na ndenad (leg. denad) uaill na diumus, PH 4255. Exx. with the article are: ind huall gl. arrogantia, Ml. 51a11 . gl. elatio, 28a1 . frisin noibi ┐ in glaini , 98d2 . ised a nnert foirbthe imgabail cech huilc this is perfect virtue, 35d14 . immeradi a n-olc, 33d2 . a mundit[i]a .i. ōn gloine, Corm. Y 900. attach inísel ... tairnid in díumus `superbiam excludit,' PH 8035. sanntaiged in rig ... in fírinde, 4254 . ro coimnertaigiss an coir `thou hast strengthened justice,' Stair Erc. 429.

(g) a subst. followed by a definite genitive. (The article is used when the gen. is attributive rather than defining, e.g. á cenele ndoine, Wb. 5c16 . a llaa mbrithemnacte sin, 6b26 . forsa cenélae metir sin, Sg. 8a13 . in Briccriu Conaill Chernaig (name of a shield), BDD² 977. in Brug mna Elcmair, Ériu viii 175.9 . an Iodh Morainn, Keat. ii 3659. as an gCraoibh Dheirg Chonchubhair, ib. 3086 ).

The gen. is a proper name: ar iriss Crist, Wb. 25a10 . di doiri Babelon, Ml. 46b26 . ó Thuind Clidnai, BDD² 1087. la firu Hérenn, 123 ; or approaches in meaning to a proper name: precept soscéli, Wb. 1b10 . Exceptions are rare: in tṡlóig Herend, LU 4609. gol mo matharsa so ┐ na mban mBoine, TBFr. App. § 20 (= ... ┐ bantrochta Boínni, text).

The gen. is preceded by the def. art.: ar meinci inna indithme, Ml. 85d1 . ardlathi in betho, Wb. 1a3 . dar cenn ind Iudidi, 2a4 . tri hiris in cháich, 2b11 . fri bás inna clóen, Thes. ii 320.1 . for lorg in tslóig, LU 4782. lucht in baile, PH 49. In O. Ir. there are a great many exceptions to this rule but in Mid. Ir., comparatively few, and fewer still in Early Mod. Ir.: inna ndánae in spirito, Wb. 21c2 . in pian inna diglae, Ml. 28c19 . din chamull in diumsa, Tur. 60. in dluthe ind flechuid, Ml. 81c8 . in dán inna litredachte, Sg. 33a28 . an fír-thsochraidecht an bethadh suthain, Ir. Lit. 26.18 . leth in orba in athar, Laws iv 46.24 Comm. in prīm-cathraig mōrglain ... in dúnaid, MacCongl. 87.27 . an dara cuing an catha, Irish Texts ii 9 § 24. issind aurlaind in dúine, TBFr. 60. isin sinagoig moir na nEbraide, PH 48. na cuic cuicidh na hEirenn, ZCP xi 43 § 31. oc saigid na cána in domnaig, Ériu ii 208.15 . in mér medhon na láime clí, O'Gr. Cat. 270.29. in fer na tocla, TTebe 1601 . ingen in rig na nEberda, 4645 . In PH there are two cases where this rule does not apply (a) when the governing noun has a demonstrative suffix ¤sa or ¤sin, (b) when it is defined by an ordinal. Exx. (a) na scéla-sin in aingil, PH 2975. in rath-sa na n-ilberla, 5484 . cf. O. Ir.: don dlúim máir sin inna pecthach, Wb. 9d5 . in gnim sin in tengad, Ml. 31b24 . (b) in cetna mís na bliadna, PH 3516. isin tress uair ina óidche, 1490 . In TTebe, s.v. in , Calder notes that while a few instances of the double use of the article occur this is especially the case when the governed noun is followed by sin. The use of the double article when the governing noun is defined by an ordinal though very common is not invariable: cosin tres mac imlesan na hoensúla, BDD² 641. in treas rann sesgat ind uile, Laws ii 370.21 - 22 Comm. an tres gaisgedach na Tiabanda, TTebe 4879 ; but cf.: dorumalt Moisi ... | ann tresraind a aimsire, SR 3784. tres ṅdírime na tána, TBC-LL¹ 2656. i tres boin in brugad, Laws v 402.7 Comm.

The gen. is preceded by a possessive adj.: di foirbthetu for nirisse, Wb. 1a9 . lóg a pecthe, 1c3 . do thudidin do menman, 1c15 . do ind a oenláime, TBC-LL¹ 676. lín a teglaich, TBFr. 8. Exception: lasin flaith far mbretha ifos, SR 1215.

The gen. is defined by cech (Mid. Ir. cach), nach: du thuistin cech dulo, Ml. 85b16 . imfolang nach gnima, 80d2 . tri thesbaid naich baill, Sg. 5a5 . fo cosmailis nacha cat[h]rach, Hib. Min. 219. céol cach ḟir, LL 207a18 . cend cech ḟir díb, TBC-LL¹ 682. i tossuch cach dúnaid, 571 .

The gen. is defined by a further definite genitive: ó soilsi deachte Crist, Wb. 26a17 . irchre fla[tho] Román, 26a5 . co maithib fer nÉrenn, BDD² 1441. An exception is: dar fíartharsna in dunaid fer nÉrend, LU 6291.

C The article is optional before an ordinal adjective: isin chétne tuiste, Wb. 1a1 . cetnae accuis inso `this is the first cause,' Ml. 118d12 . co nómád n-aó `to the ninth generation,' Críth G. 327. cetna gnim gnisset, SR 4197. cethramad gnim, 4209 . (The omissions in SR are necessitated by the metre). Cf. in chethramad accuis, Ml. 118d18 . ón chétna duini, SR 7889. in tres gnim, 4205 . Cf. ll. 83 ff. col. 183 above.

D As a rule substantives defined by a relative sentence take the art. unless they are preceded by is é, conid é, is inunn, etc. (However, before words like airm, baile used adverbially the article is omitted: ría ríg Hérenn airm hi foí, BDD² 488. co ránic na díberga baili i rabatar, 647 . tancattar na hingena airm a mbói Hiruath, PH 905. bail hita a athair, 1380 ): dund óis nad chaithi cach tuari, Wb. 6c11 . a forcell doberam, 25d21 . isind huiliu labramar-ni, Ml. 31b23 (exceptionally: ra mbía ... carpat bas dech bess i n-Aii, LU 5587 ); but: is hé cruth inso áem no-s-messammar, Wb. 9c10 . is inunn chiall isindi as scit ┐ as nōuit , Ml. 114b1 . issí inne fil hi cechtar de, 114b1 . is he titul fil i ndreich ..., Hib. Min. 1. is é óencharpat insin nad foglentais dirmand na hecrada, LU 10177 - 8 . is tú láech as dech fil i nHerind, 5768 . is ed gen n-imarbága fil la firu Hérind, BDD² 1135. is é céadchrann tarla dhó, soileach, Keat. ii 2687. is é áit ar ghabhadar tír, i gCúan an Bhainbh, iii 5055 . is e recht ro buí isin Libia in n-inbuidh sin, Stair Erc. 1101. When the antecedent of the relative sentence is qualified by an ordinal the article sometimes occurs: fá hé Colum ... an céadduine do thógaibh mainistear i n-oiléan Í, Keat. iii 1344. ionnus gurab é an treas fear do chreid ..., ii 5372 . conidh e sin an cedcath do cuir Ercuil, Stair Erc. 966 ; but: gurab é C.C. céaddoctúir do chuaidh, Keat. iii 1347. is si sin cedmainistir caillech ndub ro buí isin Teib, Stair Erc. 890.

2 samlaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 samlaid or dil.ie/36151

 

Forms: samlaithiu, samlaide

v ā (samail) depon. in O.Ir., IGT Verbs § 124 .

(a) compares, likens to (fri): is friss nasamlur `it is to him I compare it', Wb. 3c6 . samaltir in molad dóinde fri laithe, 8d22 . non-samlafammar frinn fesine `we will liken ourselves to ourselves', 17b12 . is huisse cerusamaltar fri crist `that he be compared to Christ', 34a4 . condansamailter fri cech ndodcadchai `so that we are compared to every infelicity', Ml. 63d7 (leg. -samaltar). samlaid som . . . praesens tempus fri ponc, Sg. 150b1 . inne indí frisa samaltar .i. pater gl. talis . . . qualis pater eius, 211a10 . is ecen taidbse inna inne frisa samaltar, 211b4 . dāig ind fhuilt roshamailser | fri dath barrāin sobairchi, Festschr. Stokes, 3 § 2 (see GOI p. 418 ). fail ann faithchi cech doruis | . . . | samlaim[-se] cech dib fo feib | fri talmain cona muireib, SR 375 = is cutrumma fri talmain cona muraib cech faichthi dib, MacCarthy 38.12 (cf. (b)). ara glaini ro ainmniged disi sin ┐ ara coími ar ní boí isin bith frisa samailte chena, LU 3378 ( SCC 17 ). ? cró dond glé sin samlaitir, 8360 ( FB 24 ). fri dáth snechtai samlamar, IT i 69.5 = samluim-si, Eg. sruth do aill. Ise a bessaidhe . . . imtha samlaidh in fer samailter fris, Laws iv 356.13 . ní ré dáinib shamlaid na doctúraig cech aen na cóimlet in aithne-si, acht re madraib, PH 7414 . nīcon deirgensat cerda | aicde frisa samhlat[h]ar `any work to which it can be compared', Fianaig. 16.5 . Fiacha Labraind laéch ní shamlaim fri cách, LL 18a2 . ni re nech no-shamlaim-sea | acht ré hIosu (of the archangel Michael), Ériu ii 92.7 . as friss no samhlaighthe gach olc ┐ ni ro samladh sumh fri holc aile `to it was likened every evil and it was never likened to another evil' (i.e. it was an evil beyond compare), CCath. 5588 . as fris na gniomhaibh-si . . . do samailtí gach olc, AFM iii 642.y . conid friu sin síu is tall | samlas in suí cach sōerchland to them the sage traces back every noble race, ZCP xi 57 § 12 (see note p. 58 ). ba sed cáin rosamlad ris `this is the tax that was expected of him' (= `was thought appropriate', `was estimated', note), Metr. Dinds. iii 162.9 . ba sesga ná samail rinn do not value us at dry cows (i.e. do not consider these as sufficient payment for us), IGT Verbs ex. 998 (see also under 1 samail, samlaigid). ré bás an churadh Con Raoi | . . . | bás an fhéil chreachnáraigh dhuinn | . . . samhluim, DDána 64.22 .

With comparison inverted: samhlamaoid re fuaim a bhfleadh | . . . | muir anfaidh I liken the noise of his feasting to a stormy sea, TD 8.8 . ni fhuil ri . . . | risa saimheul-sa é, ITS v 166.26 . nim-tainic sea riam d'ecomnart . . . ni no samhlaind fris, BNnÉ 301.2 . ba fris do samhailte a beith hi cendacht na criche who was expected to be at the head of the country, Hugh Roe 54.1 . da tsamladar . . . cedfaidh na sul re stoc `they compared the sense of sight to a trumpet', Ir. Astr. Tr. 154.30 . saimeolad e risin inadh sa talmain as a faicid na daine an grian `I will assume it to be the point', 104.6 .

(b) is like, seems to be (usually in pass., but also somet. in act.): na frithmuir . . . | samlaithir fri bladbail ṁbla | otha thalmain co hésca, SR 415 = samailter a n-airde ó thalmain co hescai `their height equals [that] from earth to heaven', MacCarthy 40.4 . crand nAlab . . . samailter a indas fri deilb nduine `is like', Ériu ii 118 § 52 . samailter fria teinith aicned na ndualcha-sa, vii 138.9 . locusta . . . samailter fri duine iat they are like, PH 7659 . conadh fri righ samailter cach fer . . . isin druinc is like a king, TBC-LL¹ 5446 (St.). is ris an gcraosach shamhailtear an dall úd that blind man is like, TSh. 9322 . ar egla co saimheoltai comadh mór no comadh beac leat an phroind lest thou shouldst seem concerned at the largeness or smallness of the meal, ITS xxix 202.9 . Note also: samlaim rém ég ant ég so this death seems to me like my own death, CCellaig 565 (Med. and Mod. Ir. Ser. iv). is ris samlaim si Rathen, | re hachadh do mhuigh nimhe, BNnÉ 313 § 6 . ris do samailset sin daini Atha Cliath . . . conar ba lia leo . . . oldas folt it seemed to the people of Dublin as if, Cog. 190.6 .

(c) estimates, forms an idea of, assesses : samailti lat, a Fh., . . . císí suillse mór sucut? Nochom-tha-sa a shamail, mani daig do rígh tell what that great light is, BDD² 591 , cf. 483 . samail lat sin, 773 . desin dogarar cach airm | Luimnech . . . mar samlait sin `as the learned deduce', Metr. Dinds. iii 274.55 . tomaidm Labrandi al-Líathmaig | ó samlam-ni ar sóer-Fhíachaig `whence we draw a like name for noble F.', 462.26 . samlam ann-ōge uili | anmann Bōinne Bregmaige let us recall (derive ?) in their entirety the names, ZCP viii 105.z . doronaid idbarta . . . mora leo, co samlaitis na sacairt maith (consamladis . . . maithe, v.l.) tresna hidbartaib doib iar tain (text?), TTebe 1371 = armatis simulat sperare sacerdos, Theb. iv 15 . In pass.: in ra samlad ríam na híaram no in fail i turchantain no remfáistini acaib? has the like been made known?, MU² 789 . fert Cáin maic Deirg . . . | ro samlad ar mo láim deis `the grave . . . appeared to be on my right hand', Metr. Dinds. iii 228.27 .

(d) seems likely to, contemplates (the performance of an action): ni rosamail silliud dara eis ar gnuis in gaiscedaig ro gon he, uair nir-ba tualaing tachair ris, TTebe 3189 . ná samhail . . . a locadh `do not think of flinching', Content. xxiii 4 . oirrderc a ghniomh . . . | nír samladh cur re a comhlann no one thought to oppose him in battle, Irish Texts iv 30 § 3 . do shamail lēim do thaphairt 'sa bfairrg[e], Feis Tighe Chonáin 387 . co ná samhladh óg na sen | dib . . . teiched, MR 176.13 . samhluimsi h'egniugadh fan [in]ghin `I am like to rob you of the maiden', Ériu xi 201.30 .

Verbal of nesess. ? samlaithiu, TBC-I¹ 3074 = samlaide, TBC-LL¹ 4957 (rhet.). ní samlaithi in da roind sin are not equal (lit. to be compared), Acall. 2478 . See samalta.

Vn. see 1 samail.

síar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. síar or dil.ie/37388

 

adv. backwards, back : no mebdais srotha . . . tria cluasaib a chúil siar, Thr. Ir. Gl. 36.24 . forémdim tairnim for beolo, siar atait mo gluine, Fél. 154.29 . caín feid a rosc rocheim inna chend s.¤ | caín fúalaing fuither glaini sair, LU 8342 ( FB 24 , rhetoric). cach finna . . . dualfota . . . dara formna s.¤ , 6546 (TBC). co n-ecmaing a hirlond i n-étan ind rechtaire co mboí triana chend s.¤ , 4372 . co ro-thuitt Gormlaith dar a aiss siar co raba a nnáire ri cach, LL 52b12 . do impotar siar uile . . . ┐ doc[h]uadar budh des co Carn mBuide back, ML² 345 . fa ḟlaith nDeirge ag suidhe siar `reclining beside the chief of Derg', TD 25.8 . go mbíd a chosa . . . 'gá slogadh san ghainimh, ┐ seal oile 'gá srianadh siar uaidh, TSh. 10531 . sair (is) s.¤ backwards and forwards, to and fro : atat dano drem dermár aile and sair s.¤ doib cen tairisem darna lecaib, LU 2210 . ad-chonnairc aonmhacaomh áluinn | ar fhud an chroinn soir is siar, DDána 41.15 . westwards : oc techt īar fraīchrud Midi s.¤ , Sc.M² § 20 . dochúaid Mider siar co Magh na Cruachna, IT i 129.1 ( TE 16 ). ? nocha toracht fine riam | as sía s.¤ tighe na tir, IT iii 79 § 49 . cach óen da mbíd dorus a phupla sair díb, is triana phupaill s.¤ theiged ar a ḟat leis tiachtain timchell, TBC-LL¹ 5808 . tucas m' aiged siar la fuined ngreni, PH 500 . co roélaisead . . . for muincind Mara Rúaid . . . timchell domhain fo thúaith s.¤ sech slébe Cucais, Ériu iv 142.11 . bonn a chos ris an aird soir ┐ a bhaitheas ris an aird siar (of a method of burying the dead) `towards the west', TSh. 5758 . siar tar dromchladh na díleann | beir, a scríbheann, mo bheannacht, Keat. Poems 31 (of a letter dispatched to Ireland from France).

sh.¤ (spelling for t(h)íar) in: ar son na téorann táobh sh.¤ `the western border', Numbers xxxiv 6 . budh í so do theórann sh.¤ , ibid. sealbhuigh-se (sic leg.) sh.¤ ┐ theas `possess thou the west and the south', Deuteronomy xxxiii 23 . fa dheireadh siar (? = ṡiar) finally, in the last resort: . . . le ardchinnibh na heagluise do reidhtear fa dhireadh siar gach consboid, Luc. Fid. 261.16 . nach leur dhoibh . . . do dhearbhadh fa dhireadh siar do bheith seasbhach, 291.1 .

Compds. ¤des south-westwards: otá Essrúaid timchell síardes co Beind Etair sairtúaid, IT i 73.16 ( LMU 11 ). sech India . . . anairr-deas síar-des iar Muir Torrén, Ériu iv 142.13 . da dorus forsin uaim, in dara n-ái sair-des, araile siar-des towards the south-west, PH 6317 . ¤mag western plain (?): tar sál (leg. sáil, Ed.) siarmagh over the western plain of the seas (?), Anecd. i 67 § 149 .

súil

Cite this: eDIL s.v. súil or dil.ie/39215
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: súile, súl, súileadh, súl(a)

n i, f. In later lang. also with g s. súile, g p. súl (see Measgra Uí Chl. 150 § 21 n . ), súileadh. IGT Decl. § 92 .

I

(a) eye: sūil quasi sol, ar is treithi atā soillsi do duine, Corm. Y 1129 . suil a sole , O'Mulc. 450 . aní adchí s.¤ , Wb. 4a25 . donnéicci s.¤ sochude, 9a4 . a mmág rogab s.¤ , 12a25 . éccid in sróin s.¤ bél, KZ xxxi 245 ( Ardm. 219b1 ). comtar forréili a dí sh.¤ , Hy. v 42 ( Thes. ii 338 ). cia chondesin far súli, Wb. 19d24 . tairbertar súili fri deícsin maith, 25c23 . issí briathar súle . . . a cumgabal suas dochum ṅdǽ, Ml. 138a2 . hua sulib, 112b12 - 13 . sulib gl. oculis, Tur. 84 . rir accobor a sula .i. ro rec ar Dia cach ní rob accobor ria s.¤ , ACC 71 ( RC xx 262 ). daigh neich andiaigh a shula, IT i 123.17 (TE) (cf. meaning II below). cutrumma a dá sula, LU 8984 ( FB 74 ). ar cúic súili déc desa do chaechad dó, BDD² 1130 . is mer inimat sula it is a finger in many an eye (prov.?), RC vi 184.z . do di suil, Irish Texts i 6 § 17 . silled na súl, PH 7795 . oculus pro oculo .i. suil ar son sula, O'Curry 2255 ( Eg. 88, 18 (19)d ). cin sula, di aithniu no foircsiu mignima visual crime, Laws i 238.13 . aithne sula, v 196.2 . némhann ar lár a lethshúl .l., IGT Decl. ex. 1643 . a suile do beith ag dul ón a mathair that his mother was losing her sight, BCC 274.11 . a shuil mhall (to a person), Irish Texts ii 32 § 12 .

(b) In phrases. g s. or g p. as attrib. béim súl(a) harmful, baleful glance, evil eye (?): etlod tri ormath .i. in drochrusc (béim súla, drochsúil, v.ll.) 'stealing away through envy, i.e. the evil eye' Celtica xxiv 35 . in tetla tre formad imorro .i. in beim sula sech mas ma duine dana bés do gres beim sula seccib ni risir imich, O'Curry 980 ( H 3.18, 423a ). a lámh dar bhean an béim súl (of jealous glances), L. Cl. A. B. 208.1 , cf. 32 . béim súla ┐ goin ghrádha, IGT Decl. ex. 989 . aigmhéil dá bharr | béim súl ar chách re a chladhfhaicsin others are consumed with jealousy when they look at its ripples (?) (of a lady's hair), DDána 114.8 . la brafad súla in the twinkling of an eye, LU 2103 ( FA 17 ). palpetratione (leg. palpebratione) .i. amail chath sula (of two persons trying to stare each other out of countenance), Ériu iv 182 . ? fiach sula suidhe gu trian tres airgsi .i. is é in tres ni as a fuil fiach dunacaithi air beith aga fechain, O'Curry 1002 ( H 3.18, 427b ). gealan na súl gl. tunica sclerotica, Ir. Gl. 168 . ingelt súili sochaidi `grazing for the eyes of a multitude, i.e. an attractive spectacle' (Gloss.), BDD² 1032 . lán súl(a) attractive sight, cynosure : ní bhréagfadh lán súla sinn | do chlár Úna, DDána 88.33 . lán súl is croidheadh ó gCuinn, Content. xxv 5 . mac Úna atám ar a thí | ní rí mo lán súla acht sé only he can satisfy my glances (?), IGT Decl. ex. 1644 . cóir leannán 'na lán súla, TD 6.11 . a lán súl do ghasraidh Ghréag (to a person), Keat. Poems 1296 . lí súla = prec.: lí sula do andrib, LU 3854 ( SCC 38 ). teora . . . ferba fon aenerc necoscc iter lathi Lúgba lí súla sochar, RC xxiv 122.8 (li sulai, v.l.). lī sūla sochaidi (of a saint), ACL iii 220.14 . mac súla: is astudi is techta a[th]cor mac sula ┐ sanaisi acknowledged son, Laws iii 542.7 (see Gloss. s.v. sanais). mac sula saighid seilbh ciasa mothar .i. . . . cidh dorcha a breth, O'Dav. 1245 . mionn súl(a) = lán, lí súl(a) s.v. 1 lí: a mhionn súla sochoidhe, TD 33.5 . mionn súl Eirinn anath cliath the delight of Erin's eyes, Rel. Celt. ii 302.1 . a nuaimhionn súl fhear n-Éireann, Aithd. D. 88.21 .

With verb and follg. prep.: dotuit uile fris mbí s.¤ `all that meet the eye', Metr. Dinds. iv 244.49 . créad nach tugtar leat mar sin | s.¤ ar Cheallachán Caisil `spare a glance', Content. xviii 144 . tug s.¤ seacha `looked up', Keat. iii 1019 . tug s.¤ tar a ghualuinn, Rel. Celt. ii 188.29 . oc cur sūlae tar a frithgnam taking a look at, Corm. Y 825 (69.17) . co rolsat s.¤ tairsiu, LU 3782 ( SCC 35 ). co laifitis a namhaitt s.¤ forra ar dhinnimhe ┐ deroile an chonganta `would look down on them', Hugh Roe 266.27 (fo. 71a) . in ts.¤ dogensa fris the way I shall look at him, LU 5184 (TBC). s.¤ cháirech eter da rethi gnii-siu etrum-sa ┐ Eogan (to Deirdre), IT i 82.1 . na duin . . . an suil mongduinn red muintir do not reject your people, Prolegomena 43 § 21 . teid suil Eirend a nUltaibh Ireland is watching Ulster (?), Irish Texts ii 108 § 34 . ní thóguibh s.¤ does not look up, L. Cl. A. B. 191.51 .

With follg. prep.: s.¤ ar theach na trócuire to catch sight of, PBocht 17.33 . an céacht ar ar chuiris láimh | s.¤ romhad air níorbh fhuráil you must keep an eye on it, Content. xiv 2 . s.¤ d'Albain to look towards Scotland, Aithd. D. 29.4 . s.¤ i gcuid mo chomhursan `to look at my neighbour's goods', A. Ó Dálaigh xxviii 5 . s.¤ gun chailligh dhuibh 'n-a dheoidh `she began to yearn for him', PBocht 11 A.16 . ní uil agam . . . | acht s.¤ n-a deaghaidh . . . | mo mhoirn ó fhearaibh Éireann I can now only look back on the honour I had, Aithd. D. 33.4 .

With prec. prep.: ar s.¤ visible, Wb. 27c9 . táthunn ní as nessa | ar ar s.¤ salm sobail `before our eyes', Fél. Prol. 218 . ? ainmne fri cech ndaidbre n-úir | nī bí ar sūil ní doreith, ZCP vii 498.4 . gach olc do shíor im shúilibh perpetually in view, DDána 10.18 . ar mbeith i súilibh sluaigh Bearnais having been before the eyes of, Studies 1927, 437 § 7 . tar a shúile unknown to him (?) (notes), DDána 83.8 .

(c) Extended applications: co snigtis richsi teined a suilib a mér from the tips of his fingers, Dinds. 62 ( RC xv 460 ). innus nach fédtar a gabáil fo tshúilibh na mér (of a stone), O'Gr. Cat. 272.3 . suil t'ordoigi, Irish Texts v 4.14 . gae glas co sulib glaini studs, rivets (?), RC xxii 398.8 . (BDD Eg.).

II Hope, expectation .

(a) ar slāinti, ar sūil (i.e. God), ZCP viii 205.12 . s.¤ nach bia s.¤ a samhail | s.¤ sgaraidh re Dia as doiligh the thought of parting from God, DDána 24.10 . do chuaidh mo sh.¤ tar mo chuid, Dánta Gr. 88.1 (cf. Ir. Prov. 342 ). dol lem sh.¤ gé do shireadh `though it sought to please me' (i.e. the world), PBocht 3.25 . saor-Mhuire a s.¤ dil her true hope (i.e. of Ireland), Studies 1927, 89 § 23 .

(b) With follg. fri (ré): ni dechaidh a suil fri a mbethaidh they had no hope of survival, CCath. 2787 . co na raib s.¤ duine dh'feraib Eirenn ris, Acall. 5286 . ba hesidhe enghaoidhel as móa re a raibhe suil ag fearoibh Ereann, AFM iii 512.5 . daig ní (sic leg.) hé a suil fein no biad re socra da cuirtea in cath `they themselves could have no hope', Cog. 130.3 . do sh.¤ re brugh na mbeannocht in hope of heaven, Studies 1920, 569 § 26 . mairg macaomh ré n-a mó s.¤ on whom highest hope was set, 1927, 436 § 1 . a chroinn rén cóir s.¤ `O Cross, my hope', PBocht 5.45 . s.¤ re lenmhuin na mbreath bheire hoping to imitate your judgements, L. Cl. A. B. 240.87 . iad ag seargadh s.¤ re bás withering away in the expectation of death, Dánta Gr. 9.26 .

(c) With fri (ré) and vn. construction: R. . . . fear lé raibhe suil na sochaidhe do gabhail comarbais a athar the man the host hoped would succeed his father, AFM iv 1164.6 . atá mo sh.¤ re cáirdeas d'fághail uaidh, ML 42.12 . s.¤ lém bhreith aithfhreagra truim `expecting me to give you a weighty answer', Content. xviii 129 . do sh.¤ re hanáir nach athraigh | d'fhagháil dúinn, DDána 17.33 . s.¤ ré fear éanuaire d'fhaigsin, TD 29.25 . do sh.¤ re sochar d'fhaghbháil uaidh, Keat. i 76.37 .

(d) Other constructions in affirmative sense: dochuaidh suil isan siubhal hopes have been set on the expedition, Irish Texts ii 90 § 31 . dā mbiadh s.¤ ag muinntir Iffrinn go bhfuighdís fúrtacht, ZCP iv 432.17 . s.¤ do thabhairt suas air thrócaire an tighearna `look towards the mercy of God', Donlevy xi 19 . air sh.¤ luach `in view of . . . hire', 100.3 .

(e) benaid, cuirid, téit s.¤ de loses hope of, despairs of: suil do rígh nar ben Banba that B. has not lost hope of a king, Irish Texts ii 66 § 21 . ar mbuain a sul d'furtacht d'faghail, BCC 435 (454.16) . s.¤ do chor do chobhair despair of help, PBocht 4.34 . ar s.¤ do char ó chobhair, L. Cl. A. B. 75.126 . téid s.¤ do chrábhadh ar gceall, Arch. Hib. i 84 § x . ar s.¤ do choisde do chuaidh `vanished my hope from the bench', A. Ó Dálaigh v 7 . Note also: 's gan s.¤ aguinn arís do theacht, Oss. iv 246.3 .

Compds.

(a) With adjj. ¤ard: ná bí suilbhir nó súlárd ag féchuin don taoibh-si ┐ don taoibh eili lively (?), inquisitive (?) (when going to confession), Mac Aingil 293.15 . ¤chorr: re mac inghini Anna . . . | risin rēidh seangdann shūlchorr, ZCP xii 367.12 . Eochu séimh súlchorr, Irish Texts iv 50.7 . ¤chruinn: na serrach sulchruinn, CCath. 4958 . ¤glas: cendchaema cosmaile sulglasa, TTebe 730 . mor . . . d'occmnaibh . . . sulglasa, Cog. 42.17 . ¤gorm: Mael sūlgorm Seachlaind, ZCP viii 230 § 8 . a ri sulghorm Sleibhe Fuaid, Irish Texts ii 71 § 19 . ¤mall: muinter shubhachain shulmhall, LL 394.14 . gu faca aeinlenabh ann, | data saeirleabhar súl-mall, Ériu iv 116 § 19 . ¤mass: tri bliadna Mailchoba chaiss | a .xu. Subne sulmaiss, LL 130a11 . ? ¤mer: mul macha sorb sulmer, Dinds. 42 ( RC xv 433 ). ¤radarcach: narub . . . sul-radarcach `gaping around', MR 126.2 . ¤remar: Siabarchend mac Sulremair, TFerbe 165 .

(b) With nouns. ¤bascad injury to the eyes : riotsa féin adubhrattar | . . . | Goll o fuaruis sulbasgadh, Duan. F. i 12 § 39 . ¤chor look, glance : fo-cherd a suil-chor issin tig glanced into the house, IT i 144.16 . ¤gnais ( ¤gnás?): is iat na tri fira is luga a fenechus: lorg ┐ briathar ┐ suilgnais . . . a sulgnais on ceill maith gan urlabra `Augengegenwart', Cóic Con. 42 § 63 .