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1 cana

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cana or dil.ie/8119
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: -o, chano, chanand, cana, -ach, can, canu

n m. n s. also -o. Inflection varies. Orig. appar. nt, see GOI 208 , Wortk. 231 (`nomen agentis auf -ont' from `canaid'). Later (?) also n and d. Uninflected throughout SCano (see xviii and cf. g s. in chano , LB 241a65 = chanand, 66 ). cana f., g s. -ach, IGT Decl. § 193 . Perh. (orig. ?) two distinct words in senses (a) and (b).

(a) cub, whelp : cano .i. cuilen mic tíre, O'Dav. 529 .i. is uada ata fotha canainde, F. c.¤ .i. cuilén, O'Cl. caitin, cailech, c.¤ , Laws v 472.30 .i. cuilen cen gnim, z Comm. ina comrith canannaib .i. an tan bis a comrith cum na cuilén, O'Curry 2511 ( Eg. 88, 42(43)a ). ? Cf. li dathpill / doss duilleach / dealbh canann, IT iii 96 § 153 . Transfd. of youthful warrior: maicne Echoch . . . / im Niall, im chanaid Cairne `including Niall, Cairenn's wolfwhelp', RC xxiv 184.z = chanaind, LL 19432 . díon ó gCuinn . . . / ar chanaidh fhuinn Teamhra tá (: cabhair) `whelp', Magauran 1418 . do chanaidh Mhuaidhe 1495 .

(b) poet of fourth grade (`Sänger', Heldensage 69 ): se gradha filed . . . .i. fochloc, macfuir[m]ed, doss, c.¤, clí, anradh, ollamh, IT iii 97.1 . cuairt retha canat (canait, v.l.), 31.18 taken as g s. Wortk. 231 . secht ngraid filed . . . cano, cli, anruth, ollum, Laws v 26.25 . Ériu xiii 32.11 . Laws iv 356.y . can, O'Mulc. 537 . canu, Laws ii 154.1 Comm. ard conn canad dicain emain . . . is ard in codnetu dono canuit, O'Dav. 1073 . c.¤ nomen graid filed .i. caintid, ar nī a[i]rchan cōrus a cherdae fīad rīghaib, Corm. Y 276 . sesca la cana (i.e. stories), Laws i 44.z . ni hārmiter na fosceóil acht do chethri grádaib . . . .i. ollam, anrath, cli ┐ cano, LL 24920 . in cano .i. cethra ba a eniclann, Laws v 66.17 Comm. seissiur du canait . . . / for cach feacht feili feithith, Auraic. 2239 . secht seoid do canaid, Laws v 66.1 . sē bā do c[h]lī . . . / a ceathair don c[h]āemc[h]anaid (: anait), ZCP ix 172.3 . glamh in chanad arin mnai, glamh in chli arín mac, IT iii 91.15 . dlighidh c.¤ cethrama gaoise, Ériu xiii 22.24 .

(c) chanter (Sages, Saints and Storytellers 27 § 13 ) ainm in chanand, ZCP iii 224 § 12 .

As n.pr.: ráith Chanand, Metr. Dinds. iv 156.143 . Scéla Cano, Anecd. i 1 ff. = SCano. grad C. is Créidi, LL 17155 . iugulatio Conamlo mic Canonn, AU i 154.3 . da coin Canann ciúil, Metr. Dinds. iii 122.41 . Cano Gall, CRR 8 .

Compd.: a ulcha gaill in dedbudanaig . . . canadgrecanaigh, IT iii 98 § 160 ; 'screaming like a whelp!' EIS 149 § 40 .

Cf. ca(u)nna.

2 clí

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 clí or dil.ie/9467

Forms: clíí, clia, clí, c.

n (? same wd. as 1 clí). g s. clíí (cliæ, v.l.), IT iii 31.19 . clia, O'D. 1217 ( H 2.15A, 85a ). d s. clí, Ériu xiii 32.23 . The third highest in rank of the `fili'-grades: secht ngraid filed . . . foclucc, mac fuirmid, doss, cano, cli, anruth, ollum. Laws v 26.25 . IT iii 97.1 . O'Mulc. 537 . Ériu xiii 31.11 . doeim dano in clī innī besidn-īsle, Corm. Y 275 . ochtmogat la cli, sesca la cana, etc. (i.e. eighty stories in the repertory of the c.¤ ), Laws i 44.z Comm. deich seoit do cli, ┐ biathad ochtair, v 66.25 . in cli, .u. ba a eniclann . . . anair a aisde . . . ochtar a lan-dam for fecht feli . . . , 68.10 Comm. cli .i. fo cosmailius na clethi bis isin tegdais sdaraigi, isi bundremar, barr-cael, 28.6 Comm. ni do cli col n-ergnae di anair āirme, O'Mulc. 537 . ní hármiter na fosceóilsin acht do chethri grádaib tantum .i. ollam ┐ anrath ┐ cli ┐ cano, LL 24920 . an tí aga tta ball don bhairdne .i. an c.¤ , Ériu xiii 52.27 . glamh in chanad ar in mnai, glamh in cli ar in mac, glamh in anradh for in fearunn, RC xii 121.1 .

fochloc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fochloc or dil.ie/22457
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: -uc, -ug, fochlocan, fochlocc, fochlog, focluc, fochloch, ḟocluic

n (-og, -uc, -ug) (a special use of 2 fochluc, UR 44 ) o, m. (earlier n-stem ? cf. fochlocan) a poet or `fili' of a lower grade, for whose qualifications see IT iii 112 , 115 ; Laws i 46.1 Comm ; v 26.25 , his specific metre was the `dian'; he was allowed two attendants; his reward for a poem was a heifer (samaisc): his honour-price varied according as he was the son of a `fili,' or not, or was `innraic' or not; also according to the status of his patron (`rí túaithe' or `rí Érenn'). ( v 116 App .). His `díre' equalled that of `flaith' or `eaglais,' Ériu xiii 32.11 . His protection extended to five persons: doeimh Fochlog fíorchoiger, 33.13 , sē grādha filedh ... .i. fochloc, macfuir[m]edh, etc. IT iii 97.1 (cf. Ériu xiii 32.11 ). glamh in ḟochloic , ib. IT iii 97.14 . f.¤ [fochlocon LB] nomen grāid filed, Corm. Y 587 (where the word is connected with fochlocán or fochlocht, cf. Laws iv 360.7 ). fochlocc, Laws iv 356z . fochlog, Ériu xiii 32.11 . tricha [scél] la fochluc, Laws i 46.1 Comm. focluc, O'Mulc. 537 . fochloch, ZCP v 499 § 7 . foclucc (... focael og he, og a dan ┐ og a log), Laws v 26.28 Comm. in fochlucc, samhaisc a einecclann, ┐ samaisc log a aiste, ┐ is iat sin [viz. ollam filed ┐ fochlucc] in dias is commór einecclann ┐ logh aiste, ┐ oc righ thuaithe atait and sin, etc. O'D. 1214 (< H 2.15A, 84 ). Laws v 116 . má fuaras uait ... aiceacht is mé i n-aois ḟocluic `when a novice' Content. ix 6 . Cf. bud ead fochlucc bruinde bias fo dheoid and S. ingen E., YBL 329a22 (misprinted fothlucc and rendered 'opener of the womb' ML 154.1 ). v s. a ḟocluic ! xxii 29 .

1 garb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 garb or dil.ie/25380
Last Revised: 2019

adj o,ā rough, rugged, coarse; rude, harsh (of physical and moral qualities): talam garb ganmide, FA 30 . folt ṅ-garb, TBC-LL¹ 5386 . léne garb threbnaid, 5388 . in Morrigan i riocht saidhi gairbi, 2302 . fiuchud na fergge fir-gairbe, 2616 . sacart cemad garb a guth, ACL iii 222.11 . romarbadh leis, garb in scēl, Eoin, Ériu iv 174 § 3 . garb nochrach a crand mbith, O'Dav. 233. Cf. IT iii 51.3 . gleó garbh, Oss. iv 2.4 . ch garbh (i.e. hard as in cloch) ... ch mín (as in braich), IGT Introd. § 48 . sneachta garbh, Dán Dé v 41 . a chneas garbh (to a sword) `form so harsh !' TD 33.2 . pl. goetha ... garba gemreta, FA 30 (LB). for beraib ruadaib rogarbaib, PH 8294 . broit garba gæsidecha, TTebe 1528 . fiacla garba goinideacha, 905 . géindte garba `rough gentiles,' MacCarthy 408.12 . In gramm. con(n)suin(e) garb a voiceless continuant (see Phil. Soc. Trans. lxiv (1965/66) 151 ): as cóir connsuine crúaidh ┐ connsuine garbh re hénchonnsuine mbog, IGT Introd. § 54 . an tan teaguimh dá chonnsuine gharbha dá chéile, § 106 . Note also: téid sealbhadh ruis i ruis ngairbh 'the sealbhadh of r becomes 'rough' r', Éigse xxxvi 39 § 6, 83 . muin teann, nion teann ... luis teann, ngéadar, ruis rogharbh 'unlenited m, nn ... ll, ng, rr', Celtica xxvii 59 § 7 . Equative garbidir draigen, ZCP ix 452.29 . Compar. ní ba gairbe a ngním nó a ngleó, Metr. Dinds. iii 380.16 . cid as gairbi tracht, ZCP xiii 272.5 . Superl. cía gairbem (MSS gairbium) ránac? 'who are the coarsest you have met?', BFF 164 § 8.17 .

Compds. ¤achad a rough field : tre garbacdaib ... drislechaibh, CCath. 3417 . ¤ainech: laoch garboinech, TBC-LL¹, p. 775, n. 2 . ZCP ix 456.15 . ¤all a rugged cliff , CCath. 2878 . ¤arán coarse bread : do garbarán chorca, MacCongl. 89.16 . ¤armach: Gian g. `rough-weaponed Gyas,' TTebe 3564 . ¤betha: cruadhbetha no gairbbetha, O'Dav. 338 . ¤brat a rough cloak : garb-bruit ruain[n]igh, ib. ¤cacht rude bondage , SR 2227 . ¤cennacht harsh authority , ZCP viii 230 § 13 . ¤cess rude suffering , SR 918 . ¤cluiche rough sport (of war) : romarbus dom garbcluchi, TBC-LL¹ 4199 . torcratar ... do garbcluithe Troiannae, LL 408a40 ( TTr. 2221 ). ¤cóiced: ricche an gharbh-chóigidh .i. Tuadmuman, ZCP x 8.5 . ¤conghair rough clamour , CCath. 4332 . ¤dordán harsh crooning , ib. 4008 . ¤driuch bristles , Lism. L. 2212 . ¤ecor a rough (jagged ?) row : garbeccur ... do birfiaclaibh, CCath. 4026 . ¤escuir of rough growth (?): a lion scoid gairbescuir ra a cnes 'a rough linen cloth next her skin' ZCP xxxvi 71 . ¤fáiscim I squeeze roughly : go ngairbhfaiscend iad, Aisl. Tond. 109 § 4 . ¤ferann rough-land (in n. l.) : Gairbḟerand claidim Luigdech, RC xxiv 186.17 . Cf. Keat. i 126.13 . garbhferann na Gaillia, CCath. 152 . ¤findach rough-haired : madra gairbhḟindach, Acall. 1900 . ¤fregartach giving rough answers, MR 150.22 . ¤gáel : mac Fergusa Gairbgæla, BB 114 f. 41 . Genelach sil Gairbgaela, ib. 33 . ¤gaeth rough wind : fri garbgaetha, SR 4288 . ¤geimlech of cruel fetters : triath gairbhgheimlech, Top. Poems 70.9 = maidhmneimhneach, Top. Poems² 823 . ¤glac a rugged hand : meoir cromma ... for a garbglacaip, CCath. 4030 . ¤glés harsh tuning , Anecd. ii 7.6 . ¤gothach: glámh garbh-ghothach, TSh. 6626 . ¤greim rude force , SR 6286 . ¤grennach rough-bearded , ib. 5784 . ¤lestar a roughly-fashioned vessel : do minlestraib ... no do gairblestraib, O'Curry 929 ( H 3.18, 406 ). ¤linntech with stormy waters , CF 288 . ¤loiscthech fiercely burning , MR 112.21 . ¤lus (botan.) goldylocks, goosegrass , Ó Bruad. iii 134.6 . ? ¤rón: mór cath ngarbrōn (: Arnōn), SR 4675 = garb-brón, W.S. eclach ... glunmar garbron, BB 257b9 . ¤sín rough weather, storm : ainbthine ... na gairbhsíne gemreta, CCath. 166 . AFM vi 2220.10 . fásaidh gaoth ... is gairbhshíon, L. Cl. A. B. xli 17 . ¤snaide rough hewing : tamain troma do giuis arna garb-snoidi, TTebe 1475 . ¤snoidte rough-hewn : an gius ngarbhsnoighthe, 3674 . ¤sruth rough stream , SR 1678 (of the Tigris). ¤tana (epithet of hell) rough and narrow (?), RC xxvi 362.y . ¤tanach (tonach) rough washing (as place-name), Acall. 4173 . ¤tene fierce fire : ilar casrach ṅgarb-thened, SR 902 . ¤tír rough land : ceithri triucha na garbthire frisa raiter Tír Conaill aníu, Acall. 2730 . on lo do-cuir sen Clann Ir | Conull Gulban don gairbhthír, Irish Texts ii 7 § 8 . ¤tond rough wave , CCath. 2791 . ¤torand rough thunder , RC xxvi 148.10 . ¤trian rough third (in n. l.): i nGairbhthrian Connacht (i.e. Leitrim, Longford and Cavan), AFM iii 196.13 .

As npr m. see Heldensage. (Index); RC xiv 414.16 . Garb mac Ronain, BCC § 175 . Rawl. 144f12 . Garb mac Bicne Caích, 129b42 .

1 glám

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 glám or dil.ie/25963
Last Revised: 2013

n ā, f.

I Abstract

(a) satire, a lampoon, a censure : glām ... ab eo quod est clamor .i. escaine, Corm. Y 695 . indsa glām de doiduine, 450 . glam gér .i. ainmedh i t' agaid ┐ ecnairc, O'Dav. 1430 . Aer ocus Aithis ... Glam ocus Griss ocus Goirturiathar (fictitious names), Anecd. ii 63.1 . Cf. RC xxiv 280.19 . trí gáire dimbuaid do ḟlaith: gāir glám dia guin ... `the shout of satires to wound him,' Ériu ix 46 § 10 . da saoradh ar ghuth na glaimhe sin, BNnÉ 163 § 30 . glāime gonadh, ACL iii 297 § 50 . fa ma roluinne fria ngrōmadh | gusnaib glāmaibh ? 294 § 3 . dreach Mhogha fá ghrís ghlámha, ML 144.19 . trí drude denma glam ngér, LU 10547 . rosnesart co nglamaib ainmhechaibh, BB 368a27 . Glám dícenn (dígenn) an extempore satire, a kind of metrical malediction, which was believed to produce a blemish or blister on the face of the person satirised, see RC xx 421. For the manner of its composition see IT iii 96 - 7 ; Manners and Customs ii 216 seq . Each class of poets had its proper glám dícenn, see RC xii 120 - 1 ; IT iii loc. cit. It was composed in the metre of the `laíd': laid ... no leódh .i. gerradh ... ar is fuirre dogníther in glamh digind, O'D. 1202 ( H 2.15A, p. 81b ). IT iii 96 § 155 . dognī Nēide glām ṅdicend dō, co toralæ teoræ bulgæ for a grūaidibh, Corm. Y 698 . ar con derntáis téor(a) ǽra ... ┐ teora glamma dícend, go tócbaitís teora bolga bar a agid, TBC-LL¹ 3019 . in glaim dicend .i. in tuba n-ainme no in lesanmad, Laws i 240.20 Comm. tri ruighlis ollamhan filidh .i. glám diginn ┐ glas gabháil ┐ tobach do tuathaib, O'D. 1196 ( H 2.15A, p. 79b ). glamfa iman nglaim ndigend, Laws iii 92.12 . ┐ in glam diccind, v 234.8 Comm. g s. ro fhoslaic D. a bél do denamh gláimhe díginn d'Aedh, BNnÉ 37 § 66 . na glaime dicinde, RC xii 307 - 8 ; xx 421.16 . filidh dia n-āir ┐ glāim n-dícind, MacCongl. 45.z . See further RC xii 90 § 115 ; xxiv 278 . LL 187b10 . LB 238(c)b21 . O'Curry 2134 - 6 .

Compds. ¤aithisach reviling: goirt-bhriathra gera glám-aithisecha geoin, MR 124.2 . ¤gabáilche: fallscadh glam-gabailchi Aibartaich, BB 259a4 = YBL 178b48 .

(b) outcry, clamour:

(1) of persons: atá sunn cen nach ngláim ṅglé | eter da láim th'inginé, SR 5995 . bae in ri, fo glámaib gne | do dálaib a aisliṅgthe (of Pharaoh's dream), 3277 . cen gláma gné, 263 . fri glamma gné, 6383 .

(2) of animals and things: ba samalta ri gláim con allmaraig barking, yelping , LL 266b18 ( MU² 611 ). Gláimh (name of a dog), Oss. iv 210.6 . As vn.: ag gláimh goláin gac[h] neóin (of dogs), Oss. iv 174.6 . cluig ag gláimh 's ag beícidh dinning, iii 260.2 .

Compd. ag glamghoil gach maidin (of a dog), iv 174.19 . See also gloimm.

II Of persons, usu. pl., a satirist: fáitte Medb na drúith ┐ na glámma ┐ na crúadgressa, TBC-LL¹ 3017 . Cf. 1737 . glámma ┐ cliara, RC xiv 412 § 25 . glamha gruaide, SG 28.8 ; 27.37 . a foirghneamha forslaicthe ar chinn cliar ocus coinneamh, greas ocus glamh , MR 102.z . a scold: glámh garbh-ghothach greadhnach grod-fhoclach, TSh. 6626 . In late texts used like `dám' of a company or group of people in general: ris an ngláim nglifidhigh, nglonnmair `by that howling, furious crew,' Cog. 114.24 . dream nach diultadh gláimh uim aisce, Ó Bruad. ii 52.7 . With defining gen. : glāim gilla ūasail a satirical youngster, MacCongl. 87.4 .

glasgabail

Cite this: eDIL s.v. glasgabail or dil.ie/26012

n some form of satire (poss. a fig. use of 1 glas): gromfa immon nglas gabail (i.e. the vb. `gromain' is used of the glas g.¤ ), Laws iii 92.12 . `glas gabail' gabur di g.g. is recited of her, v 216.6 Comm. glama gnuisi .i. in glas gabail, 230.11 Comm. tri ruighlis ollamhan filidh .i. glamh diginn ┐ glas gabháil ┐ tobach do tuathaib, O'D. 1196 ( H 2.15A, p. 79b ). O'D. 959 ( H 3.17, c.671 ).

grednach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. grednach or dil.ie/26569

adj (gredan) o,ā shouting, clamorous: an nuar gáirguil grednaigh, Cog. 96.3 . glámh garbh-ghothach greadhnach, TSh. 6626 . exulting (?): an táin mheidhreach ghreadhnach (of fair women), Hackett xxvi 61 . indeosat co geal greadnach, ACL ii 140.10 . seanḟann greadhnach Gailian, DDána 100.6 . mun sduaidh saoir roighreadhnaigh réil, 91.32 .

1 gres(s)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 gres(s) or dil.ie/26611

n ā, f. ( IGT Decl. § 39 ) band of guests ; a guest : g s. cacha mbiam frisin greis donnainic, Anecd. i 40.19 . erpais a athair tine sailli dí do broth don gres, Lism. L. 319.23 = Irish Texts i 4 § 10 . is ardgres liath ... ticc cucad, Ériu viii 121.12 . pl. madh gresa oclaic[h] ... ticc `warrior guests,' ib. 121.24 . ┐ as as tecaid na gressa, ib. 121.25 . do gressaib ┐ glammaib dar cend a n-enig, TBC-LL¹ 1737 . fáitte Medb na drúith ┐ na glámma ┐ na crúadgressa ar cend Ḟir Diad, ib. 3018 . forslaicthe ar chinn cliar ocus coinneamh, greas ocus glamh , MR 104.1 . fled gres, ACL iii 306 § 12 . greasa .i. áoidheadha no lucht énuaire, O'Cl.

grot

Cite this: eDIL s.v. grot or dil.ie/26702
Last Revised: 2019

adj I quick, active, hasty : do bruchtdhoirtedar na catha ... co grod ┐ gu garb ┐ co gaibhtheach, CF 730 . ēirig-si roim cach go grott, ZCP vi 272 § 7 . nā dēna fāisdine grod `do not make a hurried confession,' vii 301 § 7 . trí céd láoch go ngniom ngrod of swift deed, Duan. F. ii 20 § 4 . níor bheithte trá ro-ghrod rum `people should not be too hasty with me,' Content. x § 28 . imthigh go grod, Studies 1922, 80 § 1 .Superl. gruidem dal .i. fraech, Anecd. iii 43.24 . dream díbh is groide 'the group of them that are fleetest of foot', Giolla Brighde 34 § 20 ​. ar ti fillte go grod tar a n-ais (= post non longum tempus reversuri), Keat. ii 6124 . go grod i ndiaidh báis Choluim-cille `shortly after ...,' Keat. i 80.89 . as a n-aibeoram go grod presently, Luc. Fid. 187.13 . na déna banais ... ó thús Adueint go grod go da la .x. d'éis Nodhlog, Mac Aingil 272.6 .

II smart, sharp, piercing : seach ifreann ngarbh ngrod, ZCP vi 270.2 . is grod an mhairg d'fhearaibh Éirionn | oscuilt chneadh ar dhreagan Déirdre, Ó Bruad. i 52.1 . Of the winds : in gaeth grod gailbech, Acall. 3642 n . gaotha géara grodneimhneacha, ITS i 132.32 .

III bitter, sour : gruiten .i. groitsean seach is sean is grot .i. is goirt, or grot cach ṅguirt, unde dicitur groitmess .i. goirtmess, Thr. Ir. Gl. p. 24 (s.v. gruiten) = Corm. Y 692 . `grod .i. gort, sour, tart . groidmeas bitter fruit, musty, rotten fruit,' P. O'C. grod rotten , MacBain .

Compds. ¤airlam : dothoitedar na geimlecha co grod-urrlum de instantly, ZCP vi 287.10 . ¤athlamh : tuguibhsi an adbhansa go glésda gradathlamh, Rel. Celt. ii 190.36 . ¤écnech precipitate : an ghairbh-iachtach ghāibhtheach ghroid-ēigneach chuirid asta, TSh. 6705 . ¤fhoclach of hasty words, voluble : iomdha ann ... glámh garbh-ghothach greadhnach grod-fhoclach, ib. 6626 . ¤greas quick bout : grod-greasa gaibnige le h-ordaibh, MR 238.7 . ¤luamain flitting about : gair-ghlór ┐ grod-luamhain na ngruagach rompa ann, Todd Lect. iv 70.25 ( CRR² 18 ). ¤mire : re gruamdacht ┐ re grodmire na nGaedal, MR 230.11 . ¤píanad : ar an mbróin ngeimhligh ngiall bhíos 'gá ngroid-phianadh ann, TSh. 6684 . ¤spairn : ón ghrod-spairn sin re chéile, ib. 6646 .