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ainglés

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ainglés or dil.ie/1375

 

adj ( glés ) ar a.¤ out of order, dismantled(?): Ráth Dá Thí fúinn ar farbhás / tadhbhás dúinn í ar ainghlés, IGT Decl. ex. 944 .

1 airfitech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 airfitech or dil.ie/1965

 

Forms: oirfideach

(airfitiud)

I Adj. o, ā musical, harmonious: salmcetlaidh lanbhind lanairpeitech do Dhia, Lism. L. 4500 . tir ilcheolach airphetech, 3858 . sasad a.¤ na naingel, Rawl. B. 512, fo. 70c (Plummer MS. notes). glāim gilla uasail oirchetail oirfitig aín, MacCongl. 87.4 . As adv. na ro-etsium co herfhetech fri hecnach with pleasure(?), PH 6876 .

II Subst. o, m. oirfideach m. IGT Decl. § 22 . minstrel, player, musician: aes ciuil ┐ oirfidid oilcena, Laws v 108.20 . binnius airfitig inna guth, MU² 749 . int áes dána ┐ na hairfitig, 847 . a.¤ re tētaib, ACL iii 223.23 . oirfideach ré seinm ┐ re gabháil duan ┐ dréacht do láthair an ríogh, Keat. ii 5338 . airfidech Ailella ┐ Meadba . . ., Celt. Rev. iv 112.1 . tré ucht-bruinne an oirfidich, 11 . gabhuid na hoirfidigh . . . ag iaraidh bi[dh], BNnÉ 163 § 31 . gingob é in fer dána ifus / is oirfidech é a oenar, SG 248.40 . cúic óirfitig na féinne, 108.26 . re hil-gles a hoirfideach, MR 102.18 . saormaighistir senma ┐ airpheteach and a minstrel, AFM iii 612.6 . ? cech urḟaidech, O'D. 2212 (Nero A vii, 146b).

airsclaige

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airsclaige or dil.ie/2389

 

n , f. Mid. Ir. form of vn. of ar-clich. See Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 493 . Wortk. 99 , Lochlann ii 212 . act of warding off and hence with transferred object defending: no linadsom in poll dia liathrotib ┐ ni chumcaitis in meic a ersclaige (of defending a goal), LU 4986 (TBC). d'ursclaigi na n-echtrand ónd airiur, LL 224b21 ( TTr. 545 ). ri airsclaigi na gona díb, 244b4 (2056). ri anfolle na airsclaigi, 226a27 (`defence', 660 ). re diden ┐ re h-imdegail ┐ urrsglaidi dara ceand i n-aigid a mbidbud, Aen. 2446 . caembachall fri hursclaidhe uadh (weapon carried by a maccléirech), Laws iv 360.21 Comm. imnaiscid . . . a mbruttu imoalama clee fri a h-ursglaidi dib i naigid na n-arm, BB 439b7 . d'urscclaighi ┐ d'iomghuin dar a neise, AFM vi 2126.22 . A.¤ re hursclaigi `for resisting', MR 156.12 . d'ursglaighi an aladh to cover or protect the wound, 286.12 . a n-airm ursclaidhe `their defensive armour', 314.28 . cona glés ursclaigi, Comp. CC 104.14 . With engnam: nir-ba tualaing ursclaidi na hengnoma iad . . . re met na morainbthine, TTebe 1969 . fri h-engnamh ┐ fri h-ursclaighi, AFM vi 1962.1 . Cf. airchlige.

comdath

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comdath or dil.ie/10980

 

Forms: comdatha

n (dath) lit. the same colour, equal colour: na coemhdois co c.¤ (of persons), Gorm. 23 . co nn-étach a comdatha immi `of the same colour', TTebe 2291 . As adj. glēs a h-indeón comdad cúar `even-coloured', Hail Brigit 9 (cf. comdaith ?). Freq. comdatha as adj. having the same colour; of even colour: dá ech . . . comdatha, LU 8591 ( FB 45 ). nídat comdatha (horses), LL 13907 . comnadma .i. comdatha nó cutruma, O'Dav. 570 . ? di samuisc . . . corp comdatha, fri oile ecnam etc., O'D. 2200 (Nero A vii, 139b). tri duillendai . . . comdatha, LB 221a45 . co n-erboll . . . comdatha, TTebe 2281 . ionar corcra comhdatha, BS 10.6 .

comláithre

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comláithre or dil.ie/11399
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: comlāithriu

n (comláthar) d s. comlāithriu, Cáin Ad. 44 , 47 . `the position of a comláthar, the being an accessory or accom- plice ', Plummer MS. notes, ` accompliceship ', Cáin Ad. 47 , ` composition(?)', Tec. Corm. 2.19 , ` co-responsibility ', see s.v. etar-bí. guilt by association: da trian na dreme dorochair do nim is a cinad comlaitri dorochair. Is a cinad comlaitri dorochair Adam a parrtus ┐ nac miad dori[n]dnacht Dia do. Is a cinaid comlaithre dō in gles fil forna duilib. Is fo bith comlaithre dō na toracht int uasalathair atreb. Is f.b. comlaithre Achaib maic Acairind docer in .XXX. fer ara bruinne Seechim. Is .f.c. docer Eli sacart two-thirds of those who fell from heaven fell because of c.c. It was because of c.c. that Adam fell from paradise and every honour that God had granted him. The present condition of creation is due to c.c. It is because of c. that the noble patriarch did not attain to his dwelling. It was because of the c. of Achan son of Charmi that thirty men fell in front of Sabarim. It was because of c. that Eli the priest fell CIH vi 2122.18 , Peritia iii 416 . a neisce ┐ a comraite ┐ a comlaithre, O'Curry 1770 ( 23 E 26, 37a ). is fobith comlaithri na torracht an tuasal aithair atreib tire tairrngaire (of Moses, Numbers xxvii 14 ), 2540 ( Eg. 88, 45(46)a ). c.¤ lánfíachaib fis, lethḟíachaib anḟis, Tec. Corm. 2.19 . aní etirbí fīachu etirbí comláidre, Cáin Ad. 47 (see above). an tí dofeith biodhbhadha . . . . la comhlaithre doslisidhe fiacha amhail gach foghladhach aiding and abetting(?), Ériu xiii 35.14 . Freq. with cin: is furra ní téit cion na (= nā?) comlaithre céile deamuin (i.e. on the church), O'D. 2190 (Nero A vii 132b). cis lir for na tet cin na comlaithre . . . .i. ní fitir olcc forro .i. fer lethcuinn, 966 ( H 3.17, 679a ) = cin na comhlaithre laine, O'Curry 356 ( H 3.18, 197 ). cia len cin, cia lean comlaithre, cia len aebh, 1884 ( 23 P 3, 23 d ) .i. cia da leanann cin chomlaithre bidh ┐ leaptha, ibid. = cin na comlaitrigh, 2564 ( Eg. 88, 47 (48)c ). Cf. do slaintiugh[ad] comhlaithrigh, ibid., where form may be g s. of adj. comláithrech as subst. as d'Osraigibh a maithriu / cen ciniud cen comlaithre, Anecd. ii 34.20 . Note further: ni eran doib crich na comlaithre, O'Curry 250 ( H 3.18, 145a ). fine chealla for tuathet (= tuath ṡet) do formuig comlaithre for cill, cloc dilabur, 1885 ( 23 P 3, 23 d ).

congraimm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. congraimm or dil.ie/12182

 

(see greimm) vn. of con-greinn. apparel, equipment; appearance, bearing : congraim .i. culaidh .i. culaidh .i. glés no gliocas, O'Cl. a crúth a écosc a chongraim, LU 8588 ( FB 44 ). 8326 . crúth chéill chongraimmim, 8302 . coṅgraim n-án ferdaide forro `of splendid manly appearance', TBC-LL² 3696 . a ndrechta togai, a metrida āille, a congrimma, Ériu iv 163.18 . fo chongraimimm cháin .i. brat uanide léine . . . (of Fergus), LL 32893 , cf. ACL iii 5.22 . hi comgraim rigna, LU 10313 . ba dochruid a congraim `his apparel' (of Dagda), RC xii 86 § 93 . fo lántrela[m] gaiscid ┐ chongrami, TTr.² 1095 . ? congreim . . . fo coir a congrema, O'D. 2201 (Nero A vii, 139b). Cf. a Morainn a mainigh a mochda, moruath anfis congrem natirus, 924 ( H 3.17, 656 ). Fig. congraim lag (chev.) a poor show, Content. vi 135 . In title of tale: Craeb ingen Congarmna (Congrama, v.l.), Anecd. ii 56.7 .

cúar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cúar or dil.ie/13349
Last Revised: 2013

 

adj o, ā curved, bent, crooked : c.¤ .i. cam, O'Cl. Met. Gl. 17 § 44 .

(a) Of weapons, implements: ras tarraing da corránaib crúaidi cuara cromṡrona (of spear of Saturn), LL 31773 ( TTr. 962 ). glēs a hindeón comdad c.¤ `of . . . bent anvils', Hail Brigit 9 ( LL 7180 ).

(b) Of physical features and attributes of humans, etc. a asnada cuara curata `curved . . . ribs', TTebe 1017 . leccu chūar `eine schiefe Backe', Bruchst. 64 ( IT iii 82 § 64 ). nār cuar rus . . . (rhet.), Ériu ii 28 § 11 . beara (.i. lāmha) . . . is cūar (.i. cumang) crobh (.i. glac) (B. na f.), ZCP v 484 § 6 . Of natural feature: forin chnuc c.¤ `on the swelling hill', Metr. Dinds. iv 184, Benn Codail 7. Of an ailment: crithgalar cuar, Ériu xviii 72 § 65 .

(c) As subst. in phr. c.¤ cummaisc twisted mass; mixum gatherum; something scattered about (cf. cáer): c.¤ cumaisg .i. ní fa gcuairt no cruinn, O'Cl. doróine cuar-cumuisc don muir (of ships in battle), CCath. 1967 . carracc . . . doníth cuarcumaisc iter ḟeóil ┐ cnaim do cech corp cusa roisedh `a perverse mingling', 1860 . go ndéinid brúirech ┐ cuar commbuaidheartha cumaisg dhíobh, TSh. 6697 .

As n. pr. the Crooked (One): C.¤ , LL 21620 (taken as adj. c.¤ ` crooked ', Met. Dinds. Gloss.). Suibhe mac Colmain Cuaír, BCC 354 (380.20) . ? cless Caitt ┐ cless Cuair, Ériu iv 30.8 ( LL 12543 ) Cuar, RC xi 448.77 . cles Cúair, LU 8442 ( FB2 § 30) ; see cúar. In n. loc. oc Dún Chuair, Metr. Dinds. iv 316.1 .

Compds. With nouns. ic cassadcengal a cuarbel im certmedon da sliasat inn airdrigh `circular openings' (of greaves), CCath. 5210 . croimsgiath, no cuairsgíath .i. sgiath cham, O'Cl. cúarscéith chredumai foraib, LU 7087 `curved, or round (?), shields', BDD² Gloss . sleg cuarrind, YBL 41b15 . an nuimhear . . . nár shatail i gcuairshlighthibh `never trod crooked ways', Ó Bruad. iii 170.5 . With adj. and adj. derived from noun: gusan ccael ccuarchumhang (strait of a lake) `curving and narrow' (Gloss.), Hugh Roe² 30.24 . a ulcha gaill in dedbudanaigh cuarlubanaigh with curling loops, IT iii 98 § 160 .

In other compds. With noun and vb. a chromchuarcholtur co lecain camaill `his crooked, bent coulter', etc. (of Samson), Ériu v 156.201 . ? rochiarchuar crapcremsetar, IT iii 102.2 (§ 184) .

danó, dano

Cite this: eDIL s.v. danó, dano or dil.ie/14616
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: dā, dano, dana, daniu, daneu, dano, dono, dana, danau, dā, dā, dō, dano, dono, dona, dana, dāa, dōo, denu, doná, nú, dno, dna, d, do, no, dono, dano, dana, denu, dā, dno, no, dno, no, dā, No

sō: da-nō, Ir. Gosp. Thom. § 22 . shō: 'nō, DDána 175 § 29 . 'nó, LL ii 11121 (TBC) . See Ériu liii 139: of unknown origin in spite of Zeuss 1005, n. 3 . Perhaps da-no, da-nu, cf. co-nu, ACC 66 , nu, ib. 11 , and BB 318 a 33 : dā .i. da nui insein; daniu, Cambr. (modelled on didiu? daniu: danu = didiu: didu); niu the dative of ní in Mil seems a late form and should not be compared. It is worth noticing that in the Enchir. Aug. 85 a ( ZCP vii 485. 6 ) Lat. denuo is glossed by nuu. The oldest meaning of dano is that of denuo ` anew, again ' (e.g. Mon. Tall. 149. 26 ). All other meanings arose from this.

A OLD-IR. Usually written dā = dano or dana.

daniu, Cambr. 37 d .

daneu, Cambr. 38 a , 38 b .

dano in full, Wb. 5 c 12 , 5 d 23 , 9 c 10 , 32 c 2 ; Ml. 43 a 22 .

dono in full, Wb. 2 d 10 , 8 d 5 , 7 d 16 .

dana in full, Wb. 5 c 18 . Elsewhere always dā in Wb.

danau, Ml. 37 a 8 .

The 8th century MS Cín Dromma Snechta had dā.

B MID.-IR. Usually written dā, as in Old-Ir., and dō.

dano in full, Laws i 26. 22 ; 28. 17 , 25 ; 242. 18 .

dono is the usual form in the Laws; always nó dono; (nó dō); in full RC xi 446, l. 55 ; Laws i 236. 20 (cid dono); Death-tales of the Ulster heroes § 4 ; Lib. Flav. 16 a 1 . 2 .

dona in full RC xi 444. 1 .

dana in full, ScM. 17 ( IT i 105. 5 ), H 3. 18 ; TE 13 ( IT i 127. 4 ), Eg. dana supported by the rhyme Acall. 3852 .

dāa, RC xi 444. 1 f.b.

dōo, Laws i 8. 1 .

denu in full RC xii 72 § 44 , Harl.; dē, ib. 86 § 93 .

doná, AFM iii 34. 3 ; 34. 14 ; 38. 10 ; 40. 6 ; 48. 11 ; TFrag. 8. 15 .

nú (: Lúachrú; no, v.l.), Three Historical Poems, 112 q.23Aa .

Syncopated forms:

dno in full, Thes. ii 308. 5 (Preface to Fiacc's Hymn; but dā, 307. 4 , 9 .); ib. 325. 7 (Preface to Ultan's Hymn, Franc.). Laws i 112. 1 ; 220. 8 - 16 ; v 368. 9 . CCC § 2 LU (v.l. dā). TBC-LL¹ 3756 ( LL 86 a 37 ). LL 34 b 31 (: rempo). BB 109 a 20 ; 353 a 31 ; 296 b 51 ; 322 a 14 , 19 , 21 , 22 (most frequent in this MS). Hib. Min. 15 (l. 51 , 58 ); 18 (458) ; 40 st 3 (Rawl.). RC xii 100. 1 ; 108. 1 (Harl.); ib. 108. 11 ; 92 § 122 ; 82. 1 f.b. ; 58 § 12 ; 72 § 43 . ZCP iii 227. 21 (Harl.); 249. 10 ; 228 § 3 ; 237 § 27 . ACL iii 2. 5 . Anecd. iii 25. 16 . dā = dno supported by the rhyme, LL 8 a 39 , 144 a 9 . dō = dno supported by the metre, ACL iii 297 st 60 , H. 3. 18.

dna in full: Laws i 20. 7 . RC xiii 377. 8 (H. 3. 18), v.l. dā. ScM. § 19 Harl., v.l. dā. Cog. 160. 25 . TFrag. 148. 11 . AFM i 470. 10 f.b. ; iii 110. 17 ; 118. 1 .

d, TBC-LL¹ (LL) 2298 ; ib. p. 179 n. 3 (Stowe-MS). ZCP iii 249. 25 ; 251. 4 . Lib. Flav. 26 b 1 . 43 . RC xii 66 § 33 (Harl.); ib. 72 § 44 ; 74 § 53 ; 98 § 131 . Hib. Min. 15 (l. 53) , 18 (l. 449) .

do, RC xii 104 § 149 .

no (short `o,' cf. below; nó, LL 90 a 3 = TBC-LL¹ 4318 ; cf. no rhyming with dó, BB 297 b 42 ; written l-, LL 55 b 27 = TBC-LL¹ 200 ): TBC-LL¹ (LL) 437 , 2826 , 2835 , 2839 , 2911 , 2914 , 2948 , 3167 (?), 3239 , 3647 , 3745 , 3753 , 3756 , 3885 , 4241 , 4261 , 4305 , 4322 , 4332 , 4343 , 4355 , 4365 , 4392 , 5018 , 6023 . CRR § 7 l. 9 ( LL 172 a 1 ), § 9 l. 8 ( 172 b 2 ), § 14 l. 5 , § 25 l. 6 , § 34 l. 2 , § 41 l. 4 , § 46 l. 7 , § 51 l. 11 . LL 57 a 33 , 91 a 54 , 101 a 2 , 172 b 48 , 175 a 42 . BB 46 a 19 , 269 b 51 , 297 b 42 (= IT iii 12 § 21 ). Laws v 368. 17 (? ar is ón no darcid inn[d]omon do duiniu).

for `dni' AFM v 1552 read didiu ( dī, Aut. MS fo 87 a ).

Of the Old-Ir. forms dono arose from dano, as ocus from acus, under the influence of the u-shaded `n.' At the time of the Würzburg Glosses dano was still kept distinct from dono, the latter being used after interrogatives apparently as an enclitic, without accent: ar cia dono, Wb. 2 d 10 . cepu dono, 7 d 16 . ce dono, 8 d 15 (cf. cid dono, Laws i 48. 24 ; 54. 3 f.b. ).

The syncopated Mid.-Ir. forms dno, no retaining `o' show that also in Old-Ir. the stress fell on the ultimate, as dano stressed on the penultimate would have given Mid.- Ir. dana. The Mid.-Ir. writing denu ( RC xii 72 § 44 , cf. dechum, debert) points in the same direction. Compare also the writing doná in the FM. In poetry the accent falls on the ultimate:

Acall. 3852 : mairg dadhair don luing dana. nachasainic Tonn Chlidna.

The syncopated form is often used in poetry for the convenience of the metre. It appears in several poems ascribed to poets of the 11th and 12th centuries, e.g.

LL 144 a 9 : Almon rathuit artús dā (dno leg.) i nEtail ra Troiano.

(a poem by Giolla an Choimdhedh Ua Cormaic of the early 12th century).

LL 8 a 39 : anmand tri mac Nemid dā (dno leg.) Luach Cessarni ┐ Luachro.

(poem by Tanaidhe Ua Maoilchonaire †1136; v.l. no, BB 46 a 19 ).

LL 34 b 31 : i ndáil fer talman sund dno [labrad] (cf. l. 43 ) lá is aidchi rempo.

(poem by Cúán O'Lothcháin †1024).

Further in a 10th-century poem from Rawl. 1 a 1 , Hib. Min. 40 st 3 :

fuilriud már guin dóine dno ocus plág for pecthacho.

in Fingen mac Flainn's poem on the Fir Arddae from the middle of the 9th century, ACL iii 297 st 60 :

ní mandingentar dno dóibsium dál ndrong ndelech.

and ICM st 188 :

atchitis dno (sic leg.) triasan tor sin forsin dorus atreab nálaind &c.

This brings us back to the time of the Codex Sangallensis; whence it follows that dno, though not occurring in any MS older than the LU, belongs to the Old-Ir. period.— No was developed from dno in Mid.-Ir. time. It seems impossible to fix the date of this development accurately. The appearance of `no' in old poetry, as BB 46 a 19 , 297 b 42 , is no test, as no might be a late substitute for dno. The fact that the earliest instances occur in the LL points to the 12th century. In Mid.-Ir. MSS dā, dno, and no go hand in hand. The spoken form was dno, later no; but the traditional writing dā lingered on for centuries in the MSS. No is found in MSS from the early 13th to the 15th century, when it became obsolete. The FM write doná, dana, dna, purely literary forms. In the Annals of Ulster the particle does not in any form occur after the year 1204 ( AU ii 242. 2 ).

In Mid.-Ir. no syntactical distinction is made between dā, dno, dna, and no. The particle is never placed at the head of the sentence, but can, apart from this, occupy almost any position within it. It follows stressed and unstressed words, and appears particularly often after emphasising particles, a circumstance which contributed to the syncope of the first syllable. It gives a certain emphasis to the accented word immediately preceding. The following is a synopsis of the most common positions of the particle:

(1) asbeir daniu ind apstol, Cambr. 37 d. torchratar no muinter Fintain, LL 91 a 54 . bemmini dano, Wb. 9 c 10 . mathidsom dano, Mon. Tall. 138. 26 . dogénsa no, CRR § 9 .

(2) abi mogasi dano, Wb. 27 c 17 . (is) maith dano, ib. 33 a 5 . bat roumal dano in fer sin, Mon. Tall. 159. 2 . is ferr dano lais, ní haurcuil dano lais MT.

(3) issí dano, Wb. 19 b 12 . issed dano, Mon. Tall. 136. 13 et pass. cipé no, TBC-LL¹ 200 .

(4) (a) uait no, CRR § 7 . dóib no, TBC-LL¹ 3239 . (b) is samlid dano, Wb. 21 b 2 . etrunni dano, ib. 12 b 12 . forthusom no LL 172 b 48 . uaimse no, TBC-LL¹ 4305 .

(5) is annsin dano tanccatar, BDD 151. 7 . intan dano, ib. § 162 . on uair dano ronuc, Laws i 18. 11 .

(6) a forbi tra dano, Mon. Tall. 128. 7 .

(7) after a noun in all cases except the vocative: nom. in hilur dano asberr a rind hi roṡoithe, Sg. 73 a 11 . gabtha díberg dano la suide, BDD § 41 . Diarmait dano abb ĺa lais, Mon. Tall. 153. 17 . acc. nicodoes mír feolai dano, Mon. Tall. 129. 22 . gen. cend Ferchon Longsig no, LL 80 a 44 . bóisom ic fechadh a bhráthar no, TBC-LL¹ 3885 . dat. do díb lethaib no, LL 175 a 42 . da saigid no, TBC-LL¹ 4261 .

Dā, no (&c.) is a particle mainly employed in principal clauses, though both in Old- and Mid.-Ir. it also appears in secondary ones. Already in Old-Ir. often = didiu, trá. In Mid.-Ir. MSS the interchange between dā, dī, tra, and imorro is quite common; cf. Windisch's note IT Glossary 467 . dā, LL 316 b 28 = dī, BB 133 b 9 . Particularly common issed dī = issed dā, nó dī = nó dō.

I adv Also, further, in addition, besides, as well, too , as a further point or circumstance tending in the same direction. Often with 1 ocus, acus, íarum, íarom, íaram, iar tain, beus, olchena, opp. cétamus Mon. Tall. 136. 23 .

A In the apodosis or main clause, preceded by a subordinate clause expressing:

(a) comparison : amal gnís tra Críst in iustis...is samlid dā gniith demun in filiís defidentiae thus, too, worketh the Devil in f.d. Wb. 21 b 2 . amal as hiress ronóib Abracham nitat gnīma rechto issí dā robnóibsi it also has sanctified you ib. 19 b 12 . amal bete som i nimpudiu inna brithemnacte bemmini dano, ib. 9 c 10 . amal durígni inna gnímu sechmadachtai dugéna dā innahí tairngir hisa todochide, Ml. 50 d 10 . amal it dá lebur fichet it dí litir fichet dā, ib. 2 d 2 . Cf. ib. 69 b 3 . amal as messe dudaforsat inna dúli is me dā bæras mes firian foraib, ib. 94 b 7 . amal nách forcenn libuir...ní forcenn libuir dā, Hib. Min. 22. 6 . Cf. also: amal file oentid eter baullu coirp duini conroib óintu etrunni dā hore ammi corp Críst, Wb. 12 b 12 .

(b) condition : acht robæ quies et tranquilitas regibus bieid dā dúnni a ndede sin, Wb. 28 a 23 . dóecastar i mbí hinun folud bís indib ┐ a cétnide. mad inun is óinrann dā if it be the same it is also one part (of speech), Sg. 188 a 6 . madh tochus cin innrucus nama ┐ maith do dénum de as letheineclund dono beos, Laws i 54. 3 f.b. Cf. also Wb. 14 d 24 : intí dia ndílgidsi dalugubsa dā, where a relative clause takes the place of a conditional one.

(c) time : o adcuaid...a ndorigeni Dia airriu de maid asbeir iarum dā arandathidisom di maith, Wb. 21 d 11 . ho imrordai nech didiu isind [ḟ]recdairc...in tairsitiu adchí dolbthai dā iarum he also afterwards feigns it PCr. 64 a 1 .

(d) cause or reason : hore...adib cretmich infectsa cretmech dā for cland, Wb. 10 a 6 . huare techtas nerta is cóir dā iarum cobsaide oc díten a muntairai, Ml. 85 a 4 .

(e) concession : v. V (a).

B In principal clauses repeating the verb of the preceding clause, with or without `ocus'; also, again . Type: dorochair Laimidon...dorochratar dā forgla ríg ┐ taísech na Troiana, Aen. 18 .

(a) cop.: ishé som doradchiúir ┐ ishé dā as taidcricc it is he also that is the ransom Wb. 2 b 9 . ished ón immurgu as fír et is fír dā esséirge omnium post sé , ib. 13 b 23 . is oc frecur céill dæ atáa (sc. mo chland) is occa dā attósa, ib. 29 d 6 . ropo do Dáil Chonchobair dosom ┐ rop ed dā do máthair Brigte, Thes. ii 325. 4 . is misiu ém dorat...is me dō rothairmisc, TE § 13 Eg. ropa cridiscél dam cédamus ...ropo cridiscél dam dā...┐..., Mon. Tall. 136. 23 . ba hamnus muirn na curud...amnus d an tarneuch ruboi and, RC xii 98. 17 ; cf. Ériu v 238. 5 . conid desin...is de dno hence also RC xii 106 § 162 . indligid don fechemain apad... indligid dō don bidbaid a élod sum im dliged, Laws i 114. 20 . isé rothomais ótha esca co gréin...isé dō rothomais, &c. , ib. 28. 11 , 14 .

(b) subst. verb: cach genitiu dichoisin ataat indib in dí chéill se sís. atá dā hi `sui,', Sg. 209 b 29 . bátar Ulaid oc ól i taig F....bái dā ben ind F. oc airiuc don tṡluag, IT i 67. l. 3 . atá...atá dā, RC xiii 458 § 56 . ar atát foruis...atá dō forus, Laws ii 128. 19 . dáig atát na .uii. Mani...┐ atúsa com thegluch no, TBC-LL¹ 437 . atá limsa for M. buaid cluaisse. ata limsa dā for M. A. buaid rodeirc, BDD § 48 .

(c) other verbs: ut Paulus ait...ocus asbeir daniu ind apostol, Cambr. 37d . rohucad airechas inna Rómæ co Constantinopoil. rucad dā a ainmm, Sg. 174 a 1 . Cf. ib. 73 a 12 (in hilur dā = is in h.d). rodelb iartin dluma in talman...rodelb dō na hocht ngaetha...rodelb dona datha na ngaeth, Laws i 26. 27 , 30 ; 28. 5 . dorimchell (v.l. rothairmcheall) rígusciu Hérend ria matain...toróchell (v.l. dorarmchell) dā prímlocha Hérend r.m. before morning he had also travelled to the chief lakes of Erin BDD § 155 ; ib. § 95 . tarlaic...dosléicimse dā, IT i 101. 16 . sadais ind snáthaid fo thrí inda dernaind co toltnadar na trí srotha folæ asind láim...saididsiom dā ind snáthat...co tultatar dā, &c. , he thrusts again the needle into her hand Mon. Tall. 149. 26 . dorad M. ocht fichtiu bo don Choimdhigh. dorat dā baile ic Drochat Átha, AU ii 130. 8 ; cf. also 130. 6 . asbert... asbert dā, RC xi 450. 130 . dogníth side na harma...dogníth dō L. soer na crondo...dugníth dno C. cerd na semonn, RC xii 92. 1 f.b. , 94. 4 . ícais an gilde den indel cétnæ...ícais d an gille d.i.c., ib. 68. 7 . focres forrai dno dus &c....focres forra d dus..., ib. 72 § 44 . dorochratar a trí comlín leo ┐ torchratar no muinter F., LL 91 a 54 . issed atberat som ...asberat dā, ib. 125 b = Ériu v 212. 2 . is amlaid tánic som...is amlaid tánic in Mane Andoe no, TBC-LL¹ 2826 . atbert cend cach ḟir díb bara lííc ┐ atbert cend Ferchon Longsig no bar lííc, ib. 2914 . táncatar rempo...et tánic no Fiacho, ib. 2948 . rachúaid dóib...dachuaid dóib no, &c. , ib. 3239 . Cf. also ib. 4299 - 4322 ; 2911 . atraacht C....atraacht trian slóig Ulad laisium no, CRR § 34 1. 2 ; ib. § 9 (rogniad... daronait dā). adorcradar som ┐ torcramar dō and we too are fallen Acall. 3174 . Cf. ib. 3399 (dō). roíarfacht didiu di araile cidh dorala dó...roḟiarfacht dā dḟir aile in cétna, Cóir Anm. p. 320. 6 f.b. genfidh ón ḟir sin ┐ ót ingin siu rígradh na hEtaile ┐ genfidh dō uaidib airdrigh na huili domun, Aen. 1519 . dochoncadar arna rindad fuath na Trai. rorindad and dō dealb in chatha...┐ rorindad ind dō amal rochathaig P., ib. 312 ; further exx. 256 . 326 . 477 . 568 . 1780 . gaeth mór...rothrasccair railghi. rothrasccair doná sé fichit crann i nDoire C. C., AFM iii 38. 10 . AU ii 192. 8 (dō).

C In principal clauses introducing a new predicate with or without `ocus.'

(a) the sentence introduces an additional action or condition of the subject of the preceding clause, the subjects being the same: robtar erdarcu de dind ulc doratad forro leusom ┐ roptar inducbaidiu de dā apud Deum, Ml. 47 a 17 . dobir cros dit sailiu for óchtar do chinn ┐ dogní a tóirand sa dā .U. fort chiunn, Thes. ii 249. 4 . rochúm [Día] in firmaimint imacuairt uime (sc. in talam)...rodelb dō iartin dluma in talman, Laws i 26. 25 . in mét dona fuil ó thalmain coruice suide (sc. in firmamint) issed dono fuil ó thalmain sís co fudomain ifirn, ib. i 28. 18 . rofiarfaig iarum don corrguinech dús cia cumang gonanacair... imcomaircidh dno den deogbori..., RC xii 82. 1 . Amenicán imráidim ┐ dno cóin innláidim, ACL iii 2. 3 .

(b) dā introducing a new subject and a new verb. The sense of dā becomes more emphatic, the statement being strongly marked as additional to what has been said before: further, besides, moreover . cum manu sapere plena fuerit .i. no rapere fit in aliis libris ┐ is manus dā bís indib, Ml. 36 b 2 . inna aithissi dombeirtis som fornni batir athissi dā daitsiu a Dæ, ib. 90 d 17 ; ib. 40 a 15 . dagnítis dā int Ṡabindai aní sin, Sg. 28 a 10 . sed etiam in accentibus, gl. biid dā comaitecht ceneuil do chenéul i naiccendaib, ib. 75 a 7 . is and ba hadaig for feraib Uloth. feraid snechtae már foroib dā (dno LU) CCC § 2 , ib. § 31. 4 . ní déntar ceth crosfigill...etar dí nodlaic. mathid som (i.e. Maelruain) dā and salmu aurnaigthe do chetal, Mon. Tall. 138. 26 . canir dā biad fri aitherruch aidchi lúoin. cantir dā salm aurnaigthi aidchi ndomnaich...fogní dā ailli mési laissom (i.e. Maelrúain) aidchi lúoin, ib. 131. 6 - 9 . is ferr laisiom dā he thinks it better, moreover ib. 161. 29 . is ferr dā lais, ib. 147. 27 ; similarly: is aurchail lais dā, 164. 14 . ni haurch. d.l. 143. 18 ; 161. 26 ; cf. also the common phrases issed dā is chóir (is maith, is dóig) la (or issed i. c. lais dā), ib. 134. 11 , 16 ; 148. 8 ; 161. 21 . Other exx. 136. 13 ; 143. 2 , 3 ; 161. 13 .— fochairt iarom for tech nand ... imarnic dō fri oclaig naile, RC xi 4461. 50 . birt roth leis ond óclaich... dobert dono uball dó, ib. 4461. 55 . ar ba fáith si dā she was also a prophetess ib. 4481. 81 . inor aodhar imbe ised dē uchtlebar, ib. xii 86 § 93 ; cf. 72. 19 . ronaisceatar fomoraig a cíos for Érinn...dobretha d na trénfiræ a foghnam dou, ib. 64. 1 . ┐ atrubairt dā in fer cétna riss and moreover the same man said BDD p. 152 . dorónsat baindea muiridhi dia longaib ┐ roiadh dō mórṡluagh na R. do leith tíri, Aen. 2348 . dorala dō olc ele and moreover, another evil happened, ib. 484 . loisccthear Slicceach leo. romarbad dana mac Corbmaic, AFM iii 362. 9 . tucsat ár for gallaibh...domilltea dō Laigin leo, AU ii 164. 7 ; 130. 8 .

D Often in the sense of `too' (`also') immediately after nouns and pronouns (or emphasising particles): domini, quod iustum est seruis praestáte...et uos dominum habetis in caelo .i. abi moga si dā atá for coimdiu i nnim ye, too, are servants Wb. 27 c 17 . cid sisi dā ronfitid ni, 15 c 28 . si totum corpus oculus, ubi auditus, gl. bid corp són dā that, too, will be body, 12 a 27 , cf. són dā, 18 d 2 , 25 c 11 . duber som ainm fíno dun pláig duber[r] for nech ( 77 d 3 )... duber ainm fína dusuidiu dā he gives the name of wine to that too Ml. 77 d 4 . uetustissimi...`plerus plera plerum' (solebant proferre), gl. robói són dā leo this, too, they had Sg. 75 b 4 . ruc som fuil ṁbic uaimse no from me, too TBC-LL¹ 4305 , 4318 (nó). corocherddainse no mo búraig ferge that I too may LL 176 b 26 ( CRR § 41. 4 ). dober comermitin féid fris fessin ┐ fri deacht maic dā do dóinacht mac, Ml. 127 d 10 - 11 . cum Clemente .i. dalte Petir. rachomalnastar sede dā he, too, had fulfilled it Wb. 24 a 37 . Conchobar dā (v.l. dō) hissuidiu inna charput...eirrid Uloth olchenae inna carptib...Bricriu dā (v.l. dō) leo, CCC § 1 . birt macc. laír dā (v.l. dō) bói i ndorus in tige trogais dá lurchuire, ib. § 3 . in pendit...a dénam doa macc accus a sétig dā do pennait that his wife also should do penance Mon. Tall. 163. 18 . Diarmait dā lais, ib. 153. 17 . atá i rriagailib ailibh dā cosmailius fitta in other rules also, 156. 17 ; 138. 36 ; 151. 6 . gid iat Greic nomtairsidh romuirfidis me. Troianaig dō ad buidin bidbudh dam the Trojans, too, are a multitude hostile to me Aen. 458 . —In phrases like the following: isin chath sin dno robenad a láṁ de Nuadaid, RC xii 58 § 11 , the particle goes with the preceding noun (pronoun) and may be rendered by same. bói cath for Scathaig isind aimsir sin dō fri tuathu eile at that time also, at that same time ib. xi 448. 4 f.b. is inntisin dō táinic hEoan in that same year AU ii 192. 10 . sluaghadh la M...┐ is foran sluaghadh sin dā romarbadh hua hInneirghi, ib. 128. 9 . isin bliadain sin dō táinic mórgaith adhbuil, ib. 192. 5 . is annsin dā tánccatar dá prímmucaid Eterxel fón doiri at the same time BDD p. 151. 7 . —Compare also Wb. 6 b 25 : omnes enim stabimus ante tribunal Dei, gl. aratá brithem and cenutsu .i. deus. ishé side dā as éola and, where dā seems to emphasise the reference to Deus.

E Often in enumerations without a verb; espec. in the Laws and in the Annals (to introduce a new entry). cethruimi fair ar sellcecht...cethruime dona...cethruimi dono, Laws i 242. 12 . lethchumul dno ó fethemuin... lethchumul dno ó bidbuid...cumul dno...┐ cumul dno..., ib. i 220. 8 - 16 . impudh Uladh dā for Ua L....crech dō leo for Uib Bresail, AU ii 146. 17 . crech la Nial...crech eile dō, ib. i 582. 13 . maidm for Connachta ria feraibh Breifne. maidm dana re Connachta for f. B., ib. i 520. 14 . sloghadh la M...sloghad dā la D., ii 82. 4 ; 88. 18 ; 128. 12 ; 186. 21 . ithé mo thrí indroscc. giallnai do Scathaig...muinterus dā frimsa dadaich, &c. , RC xi 450 l. 127 . FB § 28 . Cf. the 12 times repeated `cia cléirech dā' BColm. 102. 15 - 103. 11 .

F ní (ná, nách)...dano nor...either, like Germ. `auch nicht.' ní lour in bendachad...ní lour dano in nebmaldachad auch geniigt nicht nicht zu fluchen Wb. 5 d 23 . ar ní cumuing side dā imfogbaidetid ná lánamnas manip tol apud mulierem, 9 d 18 . nihil enim intulimus in hunc mundum, haud dubium quod nec auferre quid possimus .i. ní béram ass dā, 29 b 15 . et uos, domini, eadem facite illís .i. nachiberpid si dā ibar cumachtu, 22 d 6 ; cf. 3 a 14 , 9 d 5 . amal nad frescat bás inna cethrai ní bí dā cida fresciso in báis etir lasna dóini so, Ml. 69 b 3 . ní díltai dā (sc. Priscianus) in cétbuid nísin leugnet auch nicht Sg. 201 b 10 . Compare RC xii 68 § 36 . Mon. Tall. 129. 22 ; 131. 22 ; 143. 15 ; 145. 19 ; 160. 4 .

G nó dano, nó dono, nó dno ( BB 323 b 7 . Laws i 112. 1 ), nó no ( BB 35 b 7 ) = emphasised nó, often interchanging with simple `nó.' or, or else . Synon. nó didiu, Fél. 2. 13 . PH 7082 . nach dú immurgu inimfogni fri foxlid nó fritobarthid dā wherever it is construed with the ablative or dative Ml. 27 c 10 . nó dō (v.l. nó itá i.e. ita), ACL iii 293. 16 . Very common in the Laws to introduce a new and different opinion. dogabar eneclann do neoch a dualgus a dhána...┐ nocha faghbar a dualgus a chinn...nó dō go fathar eneclann dó a dualgus a dhána ┐ in chinn aga nderna uirrned, Laws i 62. 2 f.b. senchus dō a `sen' fil ann is ónní as senex atá...nó dō a `sen' fil ann is ónní is sensus, ib. 34. 28 ; ib. 36. 2 ; 40. 7 ; 68. 5 f.b. ; 96. 17 : 106. 35 ; 108. 5 ; 112. 1 ; 128. 17 ; 130. 7 f.b. ; 188. 7 ; 228. 9 ; 250. 4 (no dō cena); 274. 1 ; 296. 1 ; ii 22. 18 ; iv 8. 10 ; 12. 20 ; 256. 8 f.b. — Aedh Uaridnach .i. uara idna tigdís dó...nó A. Fúaridhnach...nó dā uara tigdís dó, Cóir Anm. § 121 ; ib. § 142 et pass. PH 5719. 5720 . 5654 (dō).

H ocus dano and moreover: rupu accubur leu etergne mu chumachti ┐ rusmbói dā, Wb. 33 a 11 . ocus dō fon cóir cétna cidh adultrus dogneth, Laws i 56. 8 f.b. ┐ dano or si, LU 9052 . aile dano: ainm naild dō din tibroid sin Loch Luibe, RC xii 96 § 126 . Imroll aile B. E. ainm aile do no, TBC-LL¹ 2835 .

I amlaid dano thus, thus also : is samlid dā, Wb. 12 c 46 . pronomen hi foirciunn indib. robu samlid dā robói `modi huius ' hi tosuch, Sg. 203 b 5 . is amlaid dō doroimsi in ferta, ACL iii 30 § 83 . sic dō, Laws i 114. 28 ; ii 244. 14 .

Jin secondary clauses: is torbach du popul flaith firian leu .i. amal as ṁmaith dund flaith fessin dā, Ml. 90 b 11 . adcondairc...nombíth forcleith leo dā for tabairt a coibsen, Mon. Tall. 135. 19 . curo ícuit in cin dō, Laws i 60. 11 , &c. madeadh asbersa...madead asber dono , ib. i 8. 1 .

II Therefore, then, accordingly, itaque, et ita, igitur — both in principal and secondary clauses, drawing a conclusion from what has been said before. By the Irish themselves translated by ergo, igitur, ita (locus ergo, locus igitur, sic igitur, no ita ( ACL iii 293. 16 ) = loc dā, amlaid dā, nó dā). Common in the Glosses, esp. with imperative and in prohibitions, but rare in all Mid.-Ir. MSS.—

(a) si autem spiritu facta carnis mortificaueritis uiuetis, gl. ní bo líach dā a marbad killing them therefore were not regrettable Wb. 4 a 12 . is irlam ind anim do thuil Dée. todiusgadar dana ind anim do dénum maith let the soul, then, be roused to do good ib. 5 c 18 . similiter et uir sui corporis non habet potestatem sed mulier, gl. nách móided dā in fer infechtso hi cumachtu, 9 d 18 . do óis anfoirbthiu tra asrobrad insin. ná bad anfoirbthi si dā arnáp, &c., be ye not imperfect, then, lest, 12 d 26 . ní derlaichta a pecdæ doib acht duratad dígal forru. cenotad maic si raith dā ma imroimsid ní dílgibther duib, 33 b 8 . Further exx. from Wb.: 9 b 10 . 11 b 4 . 13 a 4 . 15 a 5 . 19 d 21 . 28 b 17 . —interrogemus igitur: imchomarcam dā, Ml. 18 a 1 .— vetustissimi tamen et `altera utra' et alterum utrum' solebant proferre, gl. daeltais dā foa dá nóg inna genitin they used to decline it then according to its two integrals in its genitive Sg. 75 b 3 . Setum pro Zethum, gl. biid dā sethvs pro z. Sethus then is for Z. ib. 184 a 1 . derbaid cenél dā i suidib aní remitatét what precedes them, then, certifies the gender in them, 197 b 5 . Cf. further 38 b 8 .— ní diṅgne su mo lessa afechtsa. is ferr let in fer ucut toenur. biat marb so dā (v.l. dna) limsa, RC xiii 377. 8 .

(b) in a weakened sense utpote, nempe, nimirum; videlicet; namely, to wit, that is to say, introducing an explanation or conclusion, like German `nämlich.' non enim per legem promisio facta est Abrachae aut semeni eius ut heres esset mundi sed per iustitiam fidei, gl. .i. dorairngred dā rombad oirdnide a chland ut `in semine tuo rl.' ( Gen. xxii 18 ) it had been foretold, then, that his children would be distinguished Wb. 2 c 12 . ut et ipsi misericordiam consequantur, gl. bid misericordia dano dodaessarsom nípa meritum intan creitfite it will be misericordia then that will save them when they shall believe: it will not be m. ib. 5 c 12 . Dei aedificatio estis secundum gratiam Dei quae data est mihi, gl. Pelagius: non secundum meam uirtutem .i. is per gratiam cotofutaincsi dā it is p. g. that he upbuilds you then, 8 c 16 . Dei et adorent eum omnes angili .i. it les dano indaingil, 32 c 2 . dico...quod idolum sit aliquid? .i. ní ní dā in tídol the idol, then, is not anything, 11 b 11 . Further instances: 10 b 19 . 12 d 12 . 12 d 21 (in secondary clause: arna tomontis dā). 13 a 30 . 16 d 3 (?). 25 a 29 . 27 c 34 . 29 a 28 . 29 d 1 .

Here also Laws i 74. 9 f.b. : in uime rocuiris tech andso ara tabhairt uait fecht naill? in uainn tucadh dō ar sé was it from us, then, it was taken? and Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 26. 3 : ticed Celtchar da tír ar Ulaid. ticed dā ar Conchobar let him come then.

III Very common in progressive description or narrative, indicating temporal and logical sequence: then, accordingly, so, upon which, thereupon, now . This usage arose from I, the original sense ` further, again ' being still perceptible.

(a) type: perge ad Columbam. dochóid ón dā `go to Columba' (said Satan). So he went Mon. Tall. 154. 17 . ercc co Comgald co ruccæ breith fort. dochóid som ón dā, ib. 154. 9 . fó duit cia nocotailtea. lasodain dona luig Fergus ina charpat ┐ contuil `it would be well for you to take a sleep.' So Fergus went into his chariot and slept, Laws i 72. 22 . telcar (sic leg.) issin tech hí. tánicc si dā issin tech, BDD p. 155. 9 . rotficbam co port i mbia innocht...dotaet dā reompa (v.l. téit iarom), ib. § 40 Eg. raráidsetar fir Hērend ri Tamun étgud Ailella do gabáil immi...ragabastarsom no étgud nAilella immi, TBC-LL¹ 2839 ( LL 79 b 30 ). raráidset...ri Mac Roth techta go Slíab Ḟúait...táinic Mac Roth reme no go S.F., ib. 4241 . asmbert Domnall nadmbai fóisitiu forcoitil Conculaind conrissed Scathaig bói fri hAlpai anair. nalotar dā...tar Alpai RC xi 444 l. 34 . asbert fris búi glend már ara chind. oentsét coel tairis...luid dō in sét sin nísin, ib. 446 l. 60 . Cf. also: rofaoidh días do thaisccéladh forna slóghaibh... dochódar sidhe dni (sic) go mbattar i ttréchumaiscc na slógh, AFM v 1552. 1 f.b.

(b) indicating progression in general. dothaet Conaire do saigid a harm...┐ gabaid glés nimberta a arm forsna díberga...tofuitet dā sé chét lais, BDD § 143 . bátar trí ríg ...oca urnaide seom...conacces som dō rout forsa mbátar then he was seen ib. § 14 . dolluid (sc. Derbforgaill) anair irricht dá géise ┐ a hinailt co mbátar for Loch Cuan. amail robói dā Cuchulainn ┐ Lugaid laa and conaccatar na heonu, Ériu v 208. 3 . dosrat a sním mór slóig na nG. umman ní sin ┐ rotimairgit dā maithi na nG. cusan rí imon caingin sin, ib. 146. 6 . dorragab som iarum ind praind iterum. robói si dā for suidiu co cend mbliadna Mon. Tall. 149. 24 , 29 . rucad iarum do muliund Ratha Cathair fa dí ┐ foremthes a bleith and...dochuaid dā timthirid Brigdi in tres fecht then B.'s servant went a third time Thes. ii 335. 33 . scaraid dā Bricriu friu iar sodain FB § 11 . ó dochóid tar Alpi ba brónach do díth a choiceli anais dana desuidiu ó roairigestar, RC xi 444. 1 f.b. ib. 444. 1 . TBC-LL¹ 2298 . dochótar immurro uile iarsin co Telaig hUa nD. co ndernsatar ossad mbliadna ┐ fir Muman. dodeochaid dō Domnall ar fut Connacht dia thig whereupon D. went home AU ii 90.23 . táinic Murchad cu nUlltaib cucu ┐ tucsat taelcad doib. romebaid dō for Gallaib, AU i 192. 15 ; 138. 18 , 19 .

(c) introducing a new event or indicating transition to an entirely new subject: now, now as to, as for . as ar chenél cruche adrímther in coicsath. filus trechenélae martre daneu adrímiter ar chruich now there are, &c., Cambr. 38a . ib. 38b . ba cara do Patraic hé (sc. Dubthach) ...luid dā Patraic fecht co tech in Dubthaig sin now P. once went to that D.'s house Thes. ii 307. 9 . nó is Brenainn dorigne in nimmun sa...locus ergo mare tempus uero Diarmata. tánic dā B. co Brigit now B. came to Brigit ib. 324. 21 . ib. 324. 1 . intan dā robói Macc Cecht fora áltaib isind ármaig conaccai in mnái sechae now when M. C. was lying wounded on the battlefield BDD § 162 (the preceding four paragraphs do not deal with M. C.). ib. § 163 , §165 . RC xii 108. 1 . cid Tuath Dei Dononn d derochratar go már isin chath now as for the T. D. D. they lost many men in the battle ib. 58 § 12 ; ib. 66 § 3 ; 74 § 53 ; 108. 1 ; 82. 1 f.b. ; 92 § 123 ; 72 § 44 ; 100. 1 ; 104 § 149 ; 102. 11 . isé dō cétní rotheip Dia asin maisi .i. in talam now the first thing which God separated from the mass was the earth Laws i 26. 22 (at the head of a new paragraph). dia té dō bidbuid i ndeaguid a athgabála tar crích now if the defendant, &c., ib. i 220. 19 . ib. 18. 11 ; 28. 23 . In the following exx. from the MT dā stands at the beginning of an entirely new passage: mad doairle sale dā ind láim oc praind imberar usci leosom iarum now if spittle falls on a man's hand, 142. 14 . intí dā arbir bith oss nallaid...non manducat, &c. , as to him that eats the flesh of a wild deer, he must not eat (any other flesh until the Easter following), 146. 8 ; ib. 128. 1 , 7 ; 156. 23 ; 160. 15 ; 162. 8 . Very common is the following type: teclaim ubald dā dia domnaich...ní fogni leusom now as to gathering of apples on a Sunday, it is not allowed amongst them ib. 145. 17 . gille dā nó timtirid ní hécen aithrigi di suidiu as for a servant, 142. 1 . aos tróg dā nád ebat amail cách now as to invalids, 147. 19 ; so also 153. 3 ; 161. 1 ; 162. 1 . Mane Mathramail dā .iv. fichit déc fo churp a ndíbergae as for M. M. BDD § 42 . filedha dana robátar isin indsi si...nicon bíth lóg enech la cach fer díb noberedh gubreth now as to the poets, not a man of them had honourprice who passed false judgment Laws i 24. 28 . in file dō cunnuid forcruid duaisi...as a letheineclunn dígbus uime, ib. 58. 17 ; cf. ib. 62. 11 f.b. ; 30. 14 ; 22. 11 ; iv 50. 1 ; v 368. 9 .—Cf. also: araile ancarae robui hi Cluaoin maic Naois...hé dā hi luibri galar now he was infirm with disease Mon. Tall. 155. 5 . slógad la Domnall i nUlltaib. Ulaid dō i Craib telcha i llongport, AU ii 62. 8 . Here also the common phrase loc dā as to the place (of the hymn), it was: loc dno Duma ṅGobla, Thes. ii 308. 5 , by the Irish themselves rendered by `locus ergo (igitur),' ib. 324. 20 .

IV In commentaries, glosses, or explanatory notes repeating the word or phrase which is to be commented on. Syn. tra, didiu ( Cóir Anm. § 225 , 226 ; RC xi 442. 18 ; BColm. § 6 ). ┐ Raith Guthaird a loc, comm.: Raith Guthaird dō is airi atberur as to R. G. it is so called &c., Laws i 2. 8 . senchus dō a `sen' fil ann is ónní as senex atá...nó dō is óní is sensus ciall, ib. 34. 26 . Colmán macc Daráne. Colmán mac Daríne dō .i. siur máthar do Cholmán Dairíne, Fél. p. 172. 31 . Mo Senoc Mughna dā .i. M. darbile mór, &c. , ib. 258. 15 . Luighith dna .i. Hith robo lughu na athair, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 2. 1 . Daire Fine dā .i. duar ḟine, Cóir Anm. § 68 . Also in parenthetic remarks: Fiacc Sleibte dorónai in nimun sa do Patraic. in Fiac sin dā mac eside meic Ercha now that F. was son of Mac E. Thes. ii 307. 2 . Cf. BDD p. 153. 16 . RC xii 108 § 163 . BB 318 b 34 .

V However ,

(a) in concluding sentences after a preceding concessive secondary clause. Syn. camaiph. cia fudama in firián ní du imnedaib hisin biuth frecndairc sóirfithir dā in céin naili dā (one dā is superfluous, but both positions are allowed) he shall, however, be delivered the other time Ml. 68 d 14 . ciasu du Duaid adfiadar isin titul immeairc són dā Ezechiæ though it is to D. that it is ascribed in the title, it is suitable, however, to E. ib. 72 d 9 . With camaiph: ciasidruburt frit tuas `alter utra'...robói camaiph la arsaidi `altera utra,' Sg. 75 b 2 .

(b) however, but ; the addition introduced by dā is opposed to what precedes: intan conucbad in nél nobíth immun aírc migrabant filii Israhel hisuidiu. intan dā nunanad in nél hísin nogaibtis som dúnad hisuidiu when, however, that cloud used to rest Ml. 83 a 4 . aimrit imorro Dairíne clannmar dō Sanct a siur but her sister S. was prolific Fél. p. 172 § 31 . co fil in firmamint na trénbrat gemnaide im talmain co trí nimib ┐ co trí nime impi. in .vii.mad imorro rocertad i trí nimib. ní hé dō sin sosad aingel this last, however, is not the habitation of the angels Laws i 30. 2 . benaid M. C. a chend dond ala fir ...robói dā infer aile oc élúd ass the other man, however, was fleeing forth, BDD § 157 . issed as cóir...arnáchad-fercaigthersu (sc. frit gilla). manatfercaichther frit gilla dā if, however, you are angry with your servant Mon. Tall. 142. 9 . mani chaithea dā feoil if, however, he does not eat flesh ib. 146. 14 ; ib. 159. 38 . bói N. oga uothras ┐ dobreth láim nargait foair lioa D.; nír uo maith d liaa mac sium this, however, did not please his son RC xii 66. 4 f.b. táinic hEoan cona ritirib co Machaire Conaille co ndernsat airgthi ann. táinic dō Murchadh hua C. cucu but M. came up with them AU ii 192. 12 (v.l. táinic imurro); similarly ib. 192. 17 . Same usage AFM iii 40. 6 ; táinic Iohn...do orccain Dál A. tucc doná C. deabhaidh dosoṁ but C. gave battle to him; 34. 3 (doná); 34. 14 (doná); 110. 3 f.b. (dna); 118. 1 (dna).

VI In a weakened sense with interrogatives. ut quid autem...pro impis mortus est, gl. ar cia dono, Wb. 2 d 10 . aut in nomine Pauli babtizati estis? gl. cepu dono adrad dæ do thabirt do Pool in chruth sin, ib. 7 d 16 . omnia enim uestra sunt, gl. ce dono rigne occo. it lib huili, ib. 8 d 15 . cid dā dotbératsu chucci, ScM. § 16 . ní fritsa oI sí rodálusa itir. cid tu dana icim dáil why then TE § 13 Eg. ut est `ar is fo gnímaib midither Dia for duine' cid dono arnáb fo gnímaib no mesemnaighther duine for araile for innus sin, Laws i 48. 24 , cf. ib. 54. 3 f.b. —After concessive cia, cid (like Ger. `auch' in `wer auch komme, was auch erfolge'): cia focherta dā a srúb ar gesce folilsad, BDD § 38 . cipé no ná tic ticfasu fessin, TBC-LL¹ 200 . acht ciat-beram ni andso no tæit nech dḟarcsin maigi Mide, ib. 5018 . gid ed dō but nevertheless Aen. 413 .

VII Various usages.

(a) rofetarsa is foirbthe do hires so. ba toich deit dā ar ba foirbthe hires do máthar, Wb. 29 d 3 . ní fil amain tra Bresi ol sé. ba fír ón dno ní bói acht meth foairi sim ond uair sin, RC xii 70. 14 .

(b) even ? tamquam famulus, gl. rubu fer som muintire maith dā dul humal he had been a man of the household. Good is even (also) a humble position, Wb. 33 a 5 .

(c) aṅgo dā is deithbir daitsiu a Ingceoil, BDD § 80 ; ib. § 90 (twice), § 102 h ; angó dā, § 105 .

(d) intan imorro rofuidi Feinius a dá deiscipul sechtmoget do foglum na nilbérla fon doman Cae dna isé rosiacht co Eigipt, Laws i 20. 7 . I have no further examples of this usage.

1 dét

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 dét or dil.ie/15797
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: d., déid, d., déit, dēt, dēta, deoit, dētu, déta, dēda, dētuib, ndeut, déd

n nt, n. a s. d.¤ , ZCP i 64 . g s. déid, A. Ó Dálaigh xliii 6 (late MSS.). d s. d.¤ , Ml. 117d5 (see GOI § 325 ), Cóir Anm. 41 . déit, Sg. 67b10 . n p. dēt, IT i 132 . ZCP viii 196 . dēta, BDD 2 . MacCongl. 97 . O'Dav. 1057 . deoit, TBC-LL¹ 5309 . Otia ii 88 . a p. dētu, ZCP iii 20 . déta, LL 23b48 . IT i 69 . dēda, ZCP xii 387 (Laud 615). d p. dētuib, SR 8360 . RC xxiv 382 . TBC-LL¹ 4524 . PH . g p. inna ndeut , Ériu ii 136 . d.¤ , LL 193a5 . Trip.² 1319 . im cholg ṅd.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 2572 . acc. du. idir adám d.¤ , Lism. L. 4547 . déd m., IGT Decl. § 95 .

I Tooth: do déit gl. ad dentem, Sg. 67b10 . huan dét ascatu gl. emulo dente, Ml. 117d5 . gela det and, dubai brai, IT i 132 . biait a beóil partardeirg imma deta nemanda, 69 . batar inand ┐ frais do nemannaib a deta ina cind, BDD § 2 . nad accamar gen gári for du déta riam, LL 279a10 . beóil deirg thanaide leiss, deoit niamda némanda, TBC-LL¹ 5309 . robean a deda he gnashed his teeth, Dinds. 80 . crith for detuib chattering of teeth, SR 8360 . PH . crith ar détaib, RC xxiv 382 . a déta for crith, PH 7760 . duiscthi drenn .i. crithnaiges detu, ZCP iii 20 . nocha foghnann a dhéta don torc sin d'ithi neich, O'Dav. 1057 . uair nach tarba in cend cen a deta ho minigther na biada dona ballaib, PH 6817 . d.¤ fiss Fionn's wisdom-tooth under which he placed his thumb when seeking inspiration: atrubairt friss a d.¤ fiss | re mac Cumaill cen eslis, LL 207b21 . Festschr. Stokes 8 . tuc a ordain fo a d.¤ fis, 7 do faillsiged fírinne dhó, Acall. 203 . mó dhed fis, RC xiii 7 . CF p. 74 .

II Set of teeth, the teeth. Cf. idir adám d.¤ (of the upper and lower teeth), Lism. L. 4547 . nocha ttainic tar a dhéd | ní badh breg nó bhadh brefal, ZCP i 164 = Mart. Don. July 25 . póga dlúithe dā dhéd thirim, 3 C 13, 579 . an déad ar dath néamhuinne, TD 15.182 . tarla i mbéal na mbriathar mall | déad roigheal mar ḟras néamhann, 39.18 . bean an déid daithghil, A. Ó Dálaigh xliii 6 . an déad arna dhubhadh, TSh. 32 . nā mealludh so thú . . . an mhala chaol nā an déad ceart even teeth (?), 23 D 4, 131 . Fig. déad suim re sonnadh suain `an efficacious palisade round my sleep', Ó Bruad. ii 128 .

III As attrib. gen., of ivory . See Reeves Ad. 159 .

(a) In colg (claideb etc.) d.¤ ivory-hilted sword: rogabastar a ocht claidbini ima arm d.¤ ndrechsolus, TBC-I¹ 1913 ( im cholg ṅd.¤ ṅd.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 2572 ). calg d.¤ .i. ara mbiat na helta d.¤ .i. d.¤ míl moir a imduirn `on which are the hilts of tooth, i.e. its hilts are of a whale's tooth', O'Dav. 567 . claidib . . . co n-eltaib d.¤ co n-imduirnib airgdidib, LL 53a5 . claideb d.¤ (c. co n-eltaib d.¤ , c. co nd.¤ , c. co n-imdorn d.¤ , v.l.), BDD 103 . calc d.¤ co nimdurn diad, TBC-I¹ 3159 . a ocht ngothnatha má goth néit, 1915 . a n-ocht cuilg ṅd.¤ ┐ a n-ocht ṅgothnatta neíd (néd, neid, v.l.), TBC-LL¹ 3557 . re lainn d.¤ ` ivoried blade ', O'Gr. Cat. 376 . iarla . . . colg ndéad, 3 C 1 3, 773 . i ráith . . . na gcolg ndéad, TD 25.18 .

(b) With other nouns: cloch medóin do dhornchla dh.¤ , IGT Decl. ex. 80 . ar ndornchur ndéd noilfint, Rel. Celt. ii 262 . go n-a brannuibh déad, Ériu i 95 (`with its ivory chessmen', J. Fleming). branán déd Clár na cCuradh (epithet of a chief), 23 L 17, 47 b . Cf. further: cen dailb ṅdet | ainm Essa Ruaid co romet, LL 213a50 = gan deil ndet . . . romeid, BB 392a26 . furtain cēt a cuid prainne | i ndubtair dhet degcaille, BB 393b35 = LL 214a8 .

Compds. ¤bán white-toothed: macaom . . . dedbán, LL 396.5 . ¤chengtach (?): badb detcengtach, Cog. 174 . ¤chain n.pr. m. gen. m. D. m. Niad, LL 349g (= Dedchain, LB 17a ). ¤gel white-toothed , LL 130b8 . Metr. Dinds. iii 182 . O'Gr. Cat. 405 . ¤ glés gnashing of teeth (?): d. ┐ imchomailt fiacla na míledh, TTr.² 866 . ¤idu toothache: mecon sobargine do cur fon cacuilt ┐ icaid detiga, 24 B 3, 56.37 . icaid siban . . . in detiguin, 60.30 . Cf. déideadh, Dinneen . ¤ tooth-brilliance: in cétrí (sic leg.) rogab in bith | glan a dētlī ┐ a dath, BB 487a13 . ¤ṡolus bright-toothed , LL 266b43 . TD 20.112 . Dāire d., CF 11 . Déadṡolus, a fanciful Hibernicization of Daedalus , TD 20.58 .

díberg

Cite this: eDIL s.v. díberg or dil.ie/16020

 

Forms: díbhearg, Dubdibergg, Duibdiberg, dibhfeirg

n ā, f. (dí + bergg). díbhearg f., IGT Decl. § 12 .

(a) marauding, freebooting, pillaging: ní bái guin ná d.¤ frisin ré sin, IT iii 185 . cor rálat a ndíbeirg for firu Alpan, BDD § 21 . iar cor dibergi, ACL iii 225.15 . oc milled ┐ oc dibeirg na crích, 224.16 . ag deanamh dibhfeirge, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 40.19 . an tigerna ar a ndernsam fogal ┐ dibercc, RC xiv 32 . gan foghail ┐ dimferg . . . ar naimhdibh Diabuil, 24 . a haithle ḟogla ┐ díbeirge ar Tuaith dé D., Acall. 7093 . díchur allmarach gada ┐ dibfeirge ó Eirinn, SG 258 . lucht dibeirge, Cog. 136 . barc dibeirgi a pirate vessel , Todd Nenn. 144 . fo díbeirg engaged in marauding, on a foray , Metr. Dinds. iii 314 . boi Coirpre for dibeirg, ACL iii 225 ; 224.19 . ro bui ar fhogail ┐ for dibeircc, BNnÉ 315 . nó co ndechadur . . . ar foghail ┐ ar dibeirg ar Fhind, Acall. 6726 . i mbáttar for díbeircc do choicceadh Chondacht (`those of the province of C. who were in insurrection', O'Don. Rather in guerilla warfare), AFM vi 1972 . battar . . . a ndibhéircc ┐ acc foghail for ghallaibh, v 1746.9 . Semus . . . do dhol do dhruim a dibheircce d'iarraidh creiche, v 1726 . In concrete sense act of brigandage, raid, foray: Tommaltach mac Dunechda na ndiberg, LL 183b55 (possibly in sense (c) or (d)?). rogabsat diberga ┐ druidechta, RC xv 488 . i ndibeircc oidhche in a nocturnal raid, AFM v 1268 .

Those engaged in `díberg' seem in early times to have been regarded as outside the pale of Christianity and in league with evil powers: tyrannidem . . . exercebat, signa sumens nequissima crudelitatis (with gl. diberca written above signa in MS.), Trip. ii 286 = Thes. ii 45 (a passage misunderstood by Colgan, Tertia Vita 73 : sumpsit . . . signa diabolica super capita, id est Diberch). qui votum pessimum vovit, scilicet dibherc, RC x 385 (quoted from Acta SS. Hib.). díbergg .i. di-bi-arg .i. ni la laochacht adrīmt[h]er ut arg fiann, ar ní bí i cōir laochachtae diultad Dé ┐ giallnae Demuin, O'Mulc. 309 .

(b) band of marauders: cethri fichit déc fo churp a ndíbergae, BDD § 42 . ticed . . . hi comdáil na díbergge, LL 164 marg. sup. ( Fianaig. p. xxvi ). ? la díbirg n-omnaig nInciúil, LL 131b46 .

(c) marauder, riever, pirate: gabaid glés n-imberta a arm forsna diberga, BDD § 143 . nochóraigdis na fianna ┐ na dibercae immalle, Ériu iv 124 . a donda, a diberga, 148 . ó danaraib ┐ ó dibergaib, Cog. 56 . dorochair i mBruigin da Dearg lá díbheargaibh, AFM i 90 . Hence n.pr. m., Dubdibergg, AU 702 . gen. Duibdiberg, LL 183b56 .

(d) strife, vengeance, wrath (a later meaning prob. due to association with ferg anger): dibhfeirg ` revenge ', O'D. Gramm. dibhfeirg equated with fíach, cuthach, buile, Eg. Gl. 330.20 . do-ní dídean do'n duine ar díbheirg Dé do thuilleamh, TSh. 700 . gríosaidh intinn an fheargaigh lé ní sa mhó do dhíbhfeirg do dhéanamh, 4544 . mar dibhfeirg chum na hEagluise tré bheith ag a smachtughadh in a n-olcaibh (of secession of Luther and Calvin), Eochairsg. 22.26 . ga duaibsech díbhfeirge the dire avenging javelin, Keat. iii 2020 . imeglaigit borrfadh ┐ dīberg an impire, Fl. Earls 118.z . ionnus go lasaidh mo dhibhfhearg na naghuidh, Exodus xxxii 10 . a ló na dibhfeirge, Hebrews iii 8 . cráidhfidh Sé iad iona dibhfheirg, Psalms ii 5 . maith is saith dúsgadh díbhearg `both good and ill is the awakening of quarrels', Studies 1921, 588.1 . d'éis ar ndíbheirge is teó ar ttoil | breó ar bfírfheirge ros fuaraigh `after our quarrel our affection is warmer', 589.5 .

(e) injury, destruction (?), punishment: ód chonnairc rígh Uladh . . . dibhfhearg a ghona ar a dheagh-dhaoinibh, ML 86 . tuc daingean an chreasa d'urslaighi an aladh tar diberg gabaidh na gona, MR 286.12 . fear aithne na n-uile cheard | dom thréagadh truagh an díbhearg, DDána 101.38 . gé tá míndeirge id ghnúis ghloin | ní i gcúis díbheirge deargthair, 57 . ifrionn ┐ dibhfheirg ní bhíd choidhche lán (hell and destruction . . .), Proverbs xxvii 20 .

? dígaeth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? dígaeth or dil.ie/16278

 

Forms: gaeth

ind (gaeth) of a wind: rí dosn-arbair . . . im thalmain co n-ilglessaib, | cach d.¤ dib im glés nglé | is oengles foraib huile, SR 91 . Leg. dí gaeth (dual)?

dígaind

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dígaind or dil.ie/16283

 

Forms: díogainn, díoghainn

adj (neg. dí- and gand) not scanty, hence plentiful, copious: dioghainn .i. neamhghann, O'Cl. fér digainn an talman, CCath. 2529 . dochum ind ḟeoir díguind, Lat. Lives 61 ( Trip. 472 ). for feor dighaind in fasaigh, Aen. 286 . a fholt dighoind, B. Fermoy 146a8 . red bharr ndíoghuinn . . . thick locks, TD 2.20 . Raith Dúrlais is dígaind blad abounding in fame, Hy Fiach. 290 . pl. Eire na ndonn-bhrat ndioghuinn, 3 C 1 3, 959.2 . As subst.: do tógbhadh leo . . . díoghain gacha deaghsheasga abundance of the best sedge, ML 74 . do derscnaigedur . . . do feraib in betha i ndigaind (ndigaing, MS) cacha eladna, Ériu viii 20 . In sense lavish (?): an t-enech . . . díghuind derloicctech, Ériu iv 218 (cf. in glac d.¤ , ib. 1.5 ). Dense, compact (of forests, trees, multitudes, etc.): fíodhbhadh . . . díoghainn daigherdha, ML 84 . doire dosach diogainn, AFM vi 1920 . doiredha dlúithe díghainne, Fianaig. 88 . na doiredha dluithi digainni dergruadha do slegaibh, CCath. 5438 . crand remur . . . se diriuch digaind, LB 221a43 . fuaratar crand ndigainn, Moling 34 . bile díghainn doislethan, SG 68 . an dá eó dighainne, Celt. Rev. iv 22 . adais L. tine ndigaind ndrithleannaig a big blazing fire, Lec. 420b24 . Of waves: tógbhaid uisgeadha aigianta . . . 'na ndromannaibh diana díoghainne doieadrána, TSh. 2073 . Of a host: cath . . . dlúth díoghlach díoghain dense, CRR p. 82 . d'eirghiodar 'n-a ndruing ndíoghain, ib. Hence solid, firm, strong (of constructions, buildings, etc.): o tuistin domain dighaind, BB 36b12 . drumchla dígaind dilend in betha firm ridge midst universal deluge (`die feste First [die hervorragt aus] der Weltsündflut', RC vi 93 ), LL 230b8 . do shonnach a dhúin díghainn, SG 121 . dúnaidh díoghainn, AFM vi 2210 . fán ngallráith ndaingin ndíghuinn, O'Gr. Cat. 502 . Cruacha, cathair cloindi Cuind, | isdad Meadba in mur-digaind, Lec. 353a10 . longa . . . leabhairdhíoghuinne, ML 46 . do na ruadhbhordaibh réidhe ro-dhíoghuinne, ib. mo radharc tar sāl sínim | do clār na ndarach ndighainn `from the firm oaken planks' (of the boat), BCC § 201 . tresin nDeirg ndruimnig diogainn (of a shield), MR 152 . aiged Airt in airm diguind, Lec. 364b43 . gach snáithe sligheadh . . . díorgha díoghuinne (of a road), Ériu v 58 . ní dighainn mo gles gēr-oll my sharp-pointed pen is not steady (?), ZCP xiii 8 . Ailill in abra digaind of steady (resolute) brow (?), Lec. 354a29 . ceimdighaind ` firm-stepping ', ZCP vi 285 . ro chinnsiot go céim-dioghainn, AFM v 1670 . Of persons: Diarmait . . . an taoisech dioghain, AFM iii 532 . ba drong dáthius droṅg ṅdígaind | dia mbói comfhlathius for hErind, LL 21a16 . clanna . . . dedla díoghaini Dubhghuill (`austere'), Rel. Celt. ii 260 . P. O'C. gives díogainn ` intent, ardent . . . fierce, stern ', distinct from díoghainn ` plenteous, copious ' (so Dinneen, díogan , and O'R. Poems, díoghann ), but the distinction does not seem to be supported by exx. Cf. double sense of Eng. stout.

drad(r)am

Cite this: eDIL s.v. drad(r)am or dil.ie/18555

 

adj Of a harper's music: do chuiredh na dhéidh gach glés lér bhinne liom ceol | dradram ó dré glé is gliogram ó gleo, O'Gr. Cat. 610.15 . Cf. as iomdha meillionna cama da chaoi | basa da ngreada is dradam o draoi, 3 C 12, 44.z .

1 éicnech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 éicnech or dil.ie/19723

 

adj o-ā (éicen)

(1) forcible, violent; oppressive; grievous: éicnech ra imluaid a bais | ar a ḟindgruaid Enecglais , LL 49a43 . ríge n-ecnech, 147a40 = PRIA iii p. 550 . aidedha ecnecha, CCath. 6105 . co n-urailtis co heiccnech fair comfaicsiugud do talam, 3943 . doig eignech a distressing pang YBL 389a20 = Ir. Monthly 1921, 159 . ar chathbhuaidh éignigh `hard-won victory' TD 24.40 . don bróin anfaltaig éigneig (of venomous serpents), Ó Heódhusa, O'Gr. Cat. 461.11 . iad lán d'aindícheall éigneach ...ag creachadh a gcarad, TSh. 5411 . anfhlatha éigneacha, 6997 .

(2) distressful, impatient; urgent, importunate: tucsat a muinter gáire...écnecha ina diaid, LB 143a32 . gáir guil ┐ basgaire co serb écnech etuailngech, PH 394 . no gabtís glés do chloidmib ┐ d'echlascaib...doib...comba hoengleo écnech ecaintech uaimnech in cathair uli, LB 155a17 . gabhuid na hoirfidigh go heigneach ag iarraidh bídh, BNnÉ 163.25 . crodh na cruinne 'sa maoine | cidh éigneach daoine iompa, Dánfhocail 49 .

(3) difficult(?): do ceimnigh a spirad co feignech ann, Aisl. Tond. 121.12 (= co henirt, 94.7 ).

As npr.: Eicnech mac Colggen, AU 721 = Eignech YBL 206b17 .

1 garb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 garb or dil.ie/25380
Last Revised: 2019

 

adj o,ā rough, rugged, coarse; rude, harsh (of physical and moral qualities): talam garb ganmide, FA 30 . folt ṅ-garb, TBC-LL¹ 5386 . léne garb threbnaid, 5388 . in Morrigan i riocht saidhi gairbi, 2302 . fiuchud na fergge fir-gairbe, 2616 . sacart cemad garb a guth, ACL iii 222.11 . romarbadh leis, garb in scēl, Eoin, Ériu iv 174 § 3 . garb nochrach a crand mbith, O'Dav. 233. Cf. IT iii 51.3 . gleó garbh, Oss. iv 2.4 . ch garbh (i.e. hard as in cloch) ... ch mín (as in braich), IGT Introd. § 48 . sneachta garbh, Dán Dé v 41 . a chneas garbh (to a sword) `form so harsh !' TD 33.2 . pl. goetha ... garba gemreta, FA 30 (LB). for beraib ruadaib rogarbaib, PH 8294 . broit garba gæsidecha, TTebe 1528 . fiacla garba goinideacha, 905 . géindte garba `rough gentiles,' MacCarthy 408.12 . In gramm. con(n)suin(e) garb a voiceless continuant (see Phil. Soc. Trans. lxiv (1965/66) 151 ): as cóir connsuine crúaidh ┐ connsuine garbh re hénchonnsuine mbog, IGT Introd. § 54 . an tan teaguimh dá chonnsuine gharbha dá chéile, § 106 . Note also: téid sealbhadh ruis i ruis ngairbh 'the sealbhadh of r becomes 'rough' r', Éigse xxxvi 39 § 6, 83 . muin teann, nion teann ... luis teann, ngéadar, ruis rogharbh 'unlenited m, nn ... ll, ng, rr', Celtica xxvii 59 § 7 . Equative garbidir draigen, ZCP ix 452.29 . Compar. ní ba gairbe a ngním nó a ngleó, Metr. Dinds. iii 380.16 . cid as gairbi tracht, ZCP xiii 272.5 . Superl. cía gairbem (MSS gairbium) ránac? 'who are the coarsest you have met?', BFF 164 § 8.17 .

Compds. ¤achad a rough field : tre garbacdaib ... drislechaibh, CCath. 3417 . ¤ainech: laoch garboinech, TBC-LL¹, p. 775, n. 2 . ZCP ix 456.15 . ¤all a rugged cliff , CCath. 2878 . ¤arán coarse bread : do garbarán chorca, MacCongl. 89.16 . ¤armach: Gian g. `rough-weaponed Gyas,' TTebe 3564 . ¤betha: cruadhbetha no gairbbetha, O'Dav. 338 . ¤brat a rough cloak : garb-bruit ruain[n]igh, ib. ¤cacht rude bondage , SR 2227 . ¤cennacht harsh authority , ZCP viii 230 § 13 . ¤cess rude suffering , SR 918 . ¤cluiche rough sport (of war) : romarbus dom garbcluchi, TBC-LL¹ 4199 . torcratar ... do garbcluithe Troiannae, LL 408a40 ( TTr. 2221 ). ¤cóiced: ricche an gharbh-chóigidh .i. Tuadmuman, ZCP x 8.5 . ¤conghair rough clamour , CCath. 4332 . ¤dordán harsh crooning , ib. 4008 . ¤driuch bristles , Lism. L. 2212 . ¤ecor a rough (jagged ?) row : garbeccur ... do birfiaclaibh, CCath. 4026 . ¤escuir of rough growth (?): a lion scoid gairbescuir ra a cnes 'a rough linen cloth next her skin' ZCP xxxvi 71 . ¤fáiscim I squeeze roughly : go ngairbhfaiscend iad, Aisl. Tond. 109 § 4 . ¤ferann rough-land (in n. l.) : Gairbḟerand claidim Luigdech, RC xxiv 186.17 . Cf. Keat. i 126.13 . garbhferann na Gaillia, CCath. 152 . ¤findach rough-haired : madra gairbhḟindach, Acall. 1900 . ¤fregartach giving rough answers, MR 150.22 . ¤gáel : mac Fergusa Gairbgæla, BB 114 f. 41 . Genelach sil Gairbgaela, ib. 33 . ¤gaeth rough wind : fri garbgaetha, SR 4288 . ¤geimlech of cruel fetters : triath gairbhgheimlech, Top. Poems 70.9 = maidhmneimhneach, Top. Poems² 823 . ¤glac a rugged hand : meoir cromma ... for a garbglacaip, CCath. 4030 . ¤ glés harsh tuning , Anecd. ii 7.6 . ¤gothach: glámh garbh-ghothach, TSh. 6626 . ¤greim rude force , SR 6286 . ¤grennach rough-bearded , ib. 5784 . ¤lestar a roughly-fashioned vessel : do minlestraib ... no do gairblestraib, O'Curry 929 ( H 3.18, 406 ). ¤linntech with stormy waters , CF 288 . ¤loiscthech fiercely burning , MR 112.21 . ¤lus (botan.) goldylocks, goosegrass , Ó Bruad. iii 134.6 . ? ¤rón: mór cath ngarbrōn (: Arnōn), SR 4675 = garb-brón, W.S. eclach ... glunmar garbron, BB 257b9 . ¤sín rough weather, storm : ainbthine ... na gairbhsíne gemreta, CCath. 166 . AFM vi 2220.10 . fásaidh gaoth ... is gairbhshíon, L. Cl. A. B. xli 17 . ¤snaide rough hewing : tamain troma do giuis arna garb-snoidi, TTebe 1475 . ¤snoidte rough-hewn : an gius ngarbhsnoighthe, 3674 . ¤sruth rough stream , SR 1678 (of the Tigris). ¤tana (epithet of hell) rough and narrow (?), RC xxvi 362.y . ¤tanach (tonach) rough washing (as place-name), Acall. 4173 . ¤tene fierce fire : ilar casrach ṅgarb-thened, SR 902 . ¤tír rough land : ceithri triucha na garbthire frisa raiter Tír Conaill aníu, Acall. 2730 . on lo do-cuir sen Clann Ir | Conull Gulban don gairbhthír, Irish Texts ii 7 § 8 . ¤tond rough wave , CCath. 2791 . ¤torand rough thunder , RC xxvi 148.10 . ¤trian rough third (in n. l.): i nGairbhthrian Connacht (i.e. Leitrim, Longford and Cavan), AFM iii 196.13 .

As npr m. see Heldensage. (Index); RC xiv 414.16 . Garb mac Ronain, BCC § 175 . Rawl. 144f12 . Garb mac Bicne Caích, 129b42 .

gentarglés

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gentarglés or dil.ie/25689

 

n (1 gen, cf. gentraige and gentraiges) one of the three strings of the Dagda's harp, which caused mirth in the hearers : Anmanna na ttéd nar throm | gentarghless golltarghless oll | suantarghles in gles oile | ... Día séinnte in gentarghless glan | ... gach a ccluinfedh ... | do beittís ag síorgháire, Duan. F. i 43 - 44 . Cf. Manners and Customs iii 223 - 224 .

gér

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gér or dil.ie/25709
Last Revised: 2013

 

adj o,ā sharp, keen :

(a) In physical sense : comrac arm ṅ-gér, TBC-LL¹ 797 . iṅgni ... cruindgéra, 212 . co scenaib glasgéraib, LU 3888 ( SCC § 40 ). Mac Ruaidri na renn roger, MacCarthy 434 § 1 . cu cloich ṅgéir, PH 5733 . carruic ghéur sharp-pointed , 1 Sam. xiv 4.

(b) In abstract sense keen, intense : rommain ar gāibthib géraib, Hy. vi.26 . ar iffern ṅgér ṅgenech, Fél. Ep. 538 . fīr ṅgér, a sharp ordeal, BDD² 712 . Bás meic ríg ... bid gním gér, TFerbe 106 . cath Géisille géar, fierce fight, Content. ii § 43 . Of illnesses acute : eslanti gera, Mackinnon Cat. 46.23 . O'Gr. Cat. 210.32 . galair ghéara gháibhtheacha, TSh. 516 . ḟiabruis géra = febres acutae, 23 K 42, 39.22 . Of taste salt, acid : na spisrud nger, Irish Texts v 78.26 . biada saillte na gera, 80.31 . Of satire biting, virulent : trí drude denma glam n-gér, LU 10547 . mac in druith al-lus glám ṅgér, Ériu ix 49 § 32 . glam gér .i. ainmedh i t'agaid, O'Dav. 1430. casaoide chruaidh ghéar, TD 22.56 . ib. 34.35 . Of sounds sharp, shrill : rosgrech ... co ... roger, ZCP vi 99.21 . Of persons sharp-tongued, railing : in cainti ba geriu ┐ ba gortiu ... bai i n-Hériu, Hib. Min. 65.3 . a bhfhocair mná géire with a brawling woman, Proverbs xxv 24 . géar rom ghabh ní gus aniogh, Dán Dé xxix 6. Of animals : masa elta gési gér `sharp-voiced,' MU² 469. In favourable sense intelligent, keen-witted, acute : seanchus grinn géar, Content. xvi § 183 . ní aorfainnse ... an ghnúis ... ngéir, TD 23.20 . Cf. Dánta Gr. 38.8 . Equative : geraither cloidem, TBC-LL¹ 5601 (St.). gérither altan berrtha, MR 20.3 . gerithir a gae ri ailt, LL 44b27 . As alleg. npr m. Glas ┐ Ger ┐ Guba. See also Heldensage (Index).

Compds. (1) Prefixed to noun or adj. : ¤acre : dia do ghuasocht dá ngéar-agra `if thou strictly urgest,' Dán Dé xvi 15 . ¤aithech : Garaidh géir-ethach `a fierce vassal ,' Ériu i 30.232 . ¤betha a painful life , O'Dav. 338 . ¤breth a severe judgment : an ghérbhreith aithrighe the severe penance, O'Gr. Cat. 36.36 . ¤cert ? : ni frith fri geirchert ... ecnaid no drui (: Eigept), SR 3229 . ¤cúis subtlety , Proverbs i 4 . ¤cúnntas a stern reckoning , Donlevy 484.11 . ¤daith : bronnaidh a ghroigh go gérdaith with eager promptness, IGT Decl. ex. 354 . ¤eolus exact knowledge , AU iii 574.10 . ¤fáebar sharp edge , Mart. Don. xxxv 22 . ¤fáebrach keen-edged: bád glasa gérḟaebracha a dhi tṡleig, Cóir Anm. § 6 = glas géarfhaobhrach, Keat. ii 1956 . ¤gairmnech shrill: gol ... goirt gergairmnech, ZCP x 413.7 . ¤gním mortification, austerity: géir-ghníomha goirte na haithrighe, TSh. 8813 . ¤gorm intensely blue: na gulbnig gergorma, LL 142a20 . ¤guasacht acute danger ; a ffuair ... do ghaibhthibh ┐ do ghérgusachtaibh d'easbaidh bhídh, AFM v 1662.2 . ¤guinech sharp-wounding , AFM i 334.6 . a cholann ghearghuinioch, RC xxiii 12.12 . ¤iarnaide : an sagart do léigen as na gériarnaighibh (i.e. from his fetters), Ériu v 92.14 . ¤inntlechtach keen-witted, acute , TSh. 2252 . ¤láided earnestly exhorting: iar ngresacht ┐ iar ngérlaoidheadh a bhecc slóicch, AFM v 1356.18 . ¤loscad burning fiercely, searing: ceó ... tighe dha géarlosgadh, Ériu i 22.104 . ¤menma apprehension (?), intentness (?), anxiety (?) : atá germenma in t-ṡlóig form-sa, TBC-LL¹ 552 ; 498 ; 1467 . ¤nemnech agonising: gnáth-ghalar ... géir-neimhneach, TSh. 8239 . ¤oll : nī dīghainn mo glēs gēroll, ZCP xiii 8.5 . ¤radarc sharp sight: géradharc an uilc, Mac Aingil 21.4 . ¤rennach keen-bladed: tri .l. gai gerrandach, BDD² p. 68 § 165 (St.). TD 7.4 ; 16.68 . ¤scrútad close investigation , Donlevy 68.w . ¤smacht harsh rule, severity: géar-smacht an chéastúnaigh, TSh. 6383 (severitas tortoris, Nehemiah i 2 ). ¤tind : robidgc in gái gluair gerthind, SR 6076 . ¤tuicse keen intelligence: a léightheóir gherthuigse, Flower Cat. 574.4 . ¤úrlach (cf. urlaide): ro ēirigh go grod gērúrlach 'in a sharply smiting manner (?)' ZCP xxxiii 130 § 5 . Cf. imúrlach. ¤urnaighthe fervent prayer , BNnÉ 227 § 129.

(2) Prefixed to verbs : ¤gaibid binds securely: ro croclaigid ra cendsaigid ro glaccaid ┐ ro gergabaid ┐ tuccaid ar culu dun catraig, BB 238b53 . ¤lenaid persecutes: do geirleanfuidis sinn, Donlevy 90.2 . ¤scrútaid incites (?) : ilimat a fert ┐ a mhírbal ... gēr-scrūdaiss sin intinn-chroidheda na rēgiōn `incited the minds,' Fl. Earls 132.17 .

gleos

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gleos or dil.ie/26061

 

x see glés .

glés

Cite this: eDIL s.v. glés or dil.ie/26066

 

Forms: gléso, glēis

n u, m. g s. gléso, Ardm. 78a2 ( Thes. i. 495 ) ; also o, m. g s. glēis (: mēiss), LL 29b46 . (: éis), Metr. Dinds. iv 260.14 ; 198.45 . A. Ó Dálaigh lv 2.

(a) In general sense a contrivance, means, arrangement : ri dosnarbair ... | im thalmain con-ilglessaib, | cach digaeth dib im glés ṅgle | is oengles foraib huile (of the winds) ... who disposed them around the earth with manifold functions, each wind of them for its own definite function and yet all serving the same purpose, SR 89 - 92 . in glés fuil for na dúilib the whole constitution of the elements, O'D. 971 ( H 3.17, c.679 ). samchorgus nō gemchorgus | isa gāinem glēss the arrangement of which is most admirable, ZCP xiii 29 § 15 . óenach Talten, talci gleós (: beós= glēs) `with mighty preparations,' Metr. Dinds. iii 50.39 . fo a gles chóir under due management, Mon. Tall. § 77 . fó áenglés ┐ fo oencháe in one guise and in one way, TTr. 1504 ( LL 237a33 ). gabaid glés n-imberta a arm forsna diberga he starts plying, LU 7862 ( BDD § 143 ). Cf. nogabtís glés do chloídmib ... ┐ d'echlascaib ... doib, LB 155a13 . do chuir gles ar a mhuinntir do tarrainġ amach, Rel. Celt. ii 192.2 . glés coimhéta, 198.7 . glés troda, 188.14 . gléas bídh agus biotáille do chur orainn let food and liquor be furnished ..., Maguires of F. § 67 . gléas meallta ar mhnáibh, Dánta Gr. 9.32 . gléas do thurnamh an diomusa, TSh. 634 ; 10774 . gé nár chuir an t-olc a ngniomh (sic leg.), d'esbhuidh gléasa for want of means, Mac Aingil 242.16 . Of a building : allmhurdha leam gléas na nGall. `this foreigner's style,' DDána 119.33 .

(b) the instrument, apparatus, equipment with which something is done. tri tuimthea gléso three dippings of the writing instrument, Thes. i 495.5 ( Ardm. 78a2 ). Cf. mo glēs gēroll (of a pen), ZCP xiii 8.5 . as olc an glés , O'Gr. Cat. 243.35 (scribal note). ingni foda is géiri glés , IGT Decl. ex. 157 . ina chathcharpat serda ... cona glés aursloicthi, TBC-LL¹ 2630 . rosglúais gaisced glé-mer gléis `hasty valour, ready in arms,' Metr. Dinds. iv 260.14 . Cf. ar ghuís a ghleís `on the vigour (?) of his weapon,' A. Ó Dálaigh lv 2 . goro fliuchadh ... glesa a nglan-ghonnadh `the apparatus of their fine guns,' AFM vi 2034.2 . pláta airgid ar a bhfoil gles osgailti, Mac Aingil 335.16 . Cf. indell .i. glés , Manners and Customs iii 215 n . glese .i. glesa .i. indle no arma, Todd Nenn. 230 n .

(c) of a bout or spell (of doing something), esp. a bout of fighting : glēs a hindeón the working (?) of its anvils, Hail Brigit § 9 ( LL 49b32 ). iarsin ro selachsa | iar nglés dún fo thrí I slew after three bouts of fighting, LU 9366 = Anecd. iii 54.14 . garb leis in glés nógebedh Troil ... for a muintir the dressing which T. would inflict, TTr.² 1525 . Dal cCais ... | fogebat gles go ngairbe, Anecd. ii 21 § 15 . tuarascbail in trom-glesa sin do innisin `to give a description of the fighting,' Cog. 174.5 . glés ar an mbearna do-bhir, IGT Decl. ex. 1979 . lais na glesaib garga ... gaisced, ro gabsatar i cendaib ... a cheile `the passes of valour,' MR 266.23 . Transf. of physical elements : firfid glés fort do nim coticfe glúne, Trip. i 120.6 = ferfaid gless snecta fort do nim co roa gluine, Anecd. iii 39.10 . tainic glés mór fleachaid ┐ gaoithe, Misc. Hag. Hib. 16 § 14 . ferthar glés fleochaidh forra, Hugh Roe § 83 (40b) . fri glessa gaíthe garbha, AFM i 524.11 .

(d) Of musical instruments: playing, performance; tuning (?) (cf. crann glésa `a tuning-key,' Manners and Customs iii 255 - 6 ); a special mode (of the harp), see gentarglés, goltarglés: atbélat fir la clúaiss ṅgléssa dóib (v.l. la luas ṅgesa) (of the mythical harpers of the TDD), TBFr. 121 ( LL 249a42 ). as cruit cen gles do na tri glesaib ... .i. suantraigi acas golltraigi acas gentraigi, YBL 75b31 = Manners and Customs iii 251 n . Cf. gabhus C. an cchruit ┐ sinnis an gendtraighe, an golltraighe ┐ sinnis an suantraighe gles iarsin, Ériu iv 57.6 . sai canntairechta ┐ crotglesa, maroen re gles do denum do fein nach dernadh remhe `instrument' (mode of playing ?), ALC i 290.25 .

(e) As vn. making trial of, practising, preparing: buidhean ghaibhneadh ag gléas arm, TD 11.19 . fechain glesa pind annso, Plummer Colophons 14 n. 8 ( Lib. Flav. I ii f. 10c ). glés pinne gére, IGT Decl. ex. 1451 . dar an bpeann atá gan ghlés `not mended,' O'Gr. Cat. 590.33. Cf. aga níl agam do ghléas caoil-phinn to trim a [quill] pen, Fiche Duan 30 (poem written 1823). harnessing or equipping horses: deich n-eich ar na n-gléas do'n ghraidh (`ten caparisoned horses' (broken in ?), Leb. Cert. 84.13 . as é budh ferr do ghlés each `to train horses,' RC xxiv 46.1 = TFrag. 34.12 .

(f) Compd. ¤obann (of a gun) quick-firing (?): gunnadha glésoibne, Hugh Roe 168.2 (fol. 45a) .

glésach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. glésach or dil.ie/26067

 

adj ( glés ) o,ā dædal (?): flaithem cróda rogab in ṁbith | ṅglesach ṅglegrach, Todd Nenn. 226.38 ( LL 133b30 ). Cf. soglesach resourceful, ingenious (?), O'Mulc. 637.

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