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amail, amal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. amail, amal or dil.ie/3057
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: amail, amal, amál, amail, amaltsa, amlut

Prep. and conj. like, as . Unstressed form of d s. of 1 samail ( GOI § 178 , § 826 . But rhymes and alliterates in classical verse, e.g. IGT Decl. ex. 607 ). As a rule contracted to am̄ in MSS. Archaic amail ( GOI § 168 ) ( Wb. 21c10 , 22c14 , both a prima manu, Críth G. 461 , Hib. Min. 188 ). Usual form in O. Ir. glosses amal ( Wb. 6a30 , 10c12 , Ml. 107c8 , Sg. 217a8 . amál, Thes. i 5.37 ). In later lang. amail. Leniting ( amal chlanda, Ml. 123c8 . amal chon-degam, 107c8 ). Glosses Lat. quasi, Wb. 11a11 , Sg. 9b11 , etc.; sicut, Wb. 2a11 , 6a30 , 14c17 , Ml. 34b6 , etc.; tamquam, Wb. 9a3 , etc.; uelut, Ml. 23c9 ; ut, Wb. 10d19 , 22c14 , Ml. 54a21 .

I As prep. with accus. For forms with suff. pron. see 2 samail. Note also: amaltsa, IT i 72.35 = amal tussu, 18 . amlut, TBC(C) 575 . Later somet. with independent pron.: amal tussu (supra), amhail é, DDána 116.5 . Eventually replaced by mar (see immar): amar (amal, v.l.), TTebe 929 . Cf. amair, Laws ii 202.9 Comm. See Bergin, Ériu xiv 142 . like, as, similar to: amal tuthle no ailsin gl. ut cancer, Wb. 30b13 . ní amal inní asóircc gl. non quasi aërem uerberans, 11a11 . amal nahí nadchrenat gl. tamquam non possedentes, 10b7 . amal in n-altain gl. sicut rasorium, Ml. 72b8 . amal in lochairnn ṅaḟfracdai gl. quasi lanterna, Sg. 24a16 . amal inna anman asrubartmar `like the nouns', 188a29 . amal na heliu, 9b2 . amál chócúll dercon no chno, Thes. i 5.37 . amal nathracha bodra sicut , 485.19 ( Tur. 11 ). amal airig ndésa, Críth G. 367 . intan mbete renna nime amail éscai ┐ éscai amail gréin, Ériu ii 200.18 . amal firu cathacha, Trip.² 803 . feil . . . docuiridar echdar corgus . . . amail chaindech `the feast of a saint that falls outside Lent, as for instance Cainnech's', Mon. Tall. 135.2 (§ 22) . amhuil a cinaidh féin `like his own crime', Laws iv 88.8 Comm. nocha tánic amail a samla . . . nocha tánic . . . buiden amail a lethide, Celt. Rev. ii 220.26 (omission before first amail?). amal aig n-allaid, TTebe 1881 . amhail gach nduine oile, TSh. 254 . With dat. amal ruithnib grene, TBFr. p. 15 § 3 . amhail cherdcadaiph, BNnÉ 71 § 123 .

In phr. amal sin, so, ṡodain thus, so, in that case see 1 sin, 1 so, 1 suide.

II As conj., freq. but not invariably with follg. nasalizing rel. clause ( GOI § 498 , § 505 ).

(a) As comparative conj. with verb in indic. as, like as: amal ṅguidess athir a macc gl. tamquam pater filios deprecantes, Wb. 24d19 . amal fondrodil in coimdiu do chách gl. sicut diuisit Dominus, 10a11 . amal nonda thorisse frissintectairecht gl. tamquam misericordiam consecutus sum, 10a28 . amal nát anse dúib, 17c11 . amal arindchrin dǽ ┐ asindbail gl. uice fumi, Ml. 57a10 . amal nach fuar fessin inneuch, 57d3 . amal as toísegiu grián . . . ┐ is laithe foilsigedar . . . sic is toissigiu, etc., 85b11 . amal as inna ngnimae gl. ut a sé profecto iure factorum, 17b3 . amal is na nassar gl. sicut Assiriorum, 54a22 . amal ṅ-dond-foirde ainmm `as a noun signifies it', Sg. 26b12 . amal addaas `as it is', Ériu ii 144 § 159 . amal as n-airdirc clearly, Trip.² 2066 . ro chí fora muime amal is bés do naídenaib, 115 . amail nach dentar dia domnaich `just as such things are not done on a Sunday', Mon. Tall. 148.3 (§ 55) . amail bis mes in feóir in ḟamfucht (sic) fa i ngemfucht `according to the appraisement of the grass in the hot or in the cold season', Laws iv 146.15 Comm. dligidh . . . / a bhrondadh amhail chuinghes, ZCP viii 109.13 . dobérthar . . . dia tuca tinnscra amal asbérthar, TBFr. 177 . as-bert in so huile amal rom-múin dó in fer, BDD² 168 . amail indises canóin, ZCP viii 114.2 . amail ba bes di . . . `as was her wont', RC vi 175.1 . amhail thógaibhthear an cháith uas an ghrán, Desid. 2918 . In later lang. combined with ┐, mar: amhuil ┐ chromas an géadh a cheann, Desid. 1923 . amhail mar stiúrionn ┐ mar oibrighionn siad, Corp. Astron. xxiv 10 . amhail ┐ mar atá, 2.7 . amhail mar do rinne Iudas, Donlevy 254.13 .

Folld. by second member of comparison (as . . . so): amal nondubcairimse carad cách uaibsi alaile gl. eandem caritatem habentes, Wb. 23c12 . amal nád robe . . . ní bia, 1d2 . amal as corp do crist æclesia is corp mulier uiro , 22c13 . amal as ndian . . . mbis is denithir sin . . ., Ml. 57c12 . amal durigni . . . dogena . . . `as He has done . . . so also will He do', 50d10 . amal fōides in naingel . . . doróiter dún . . . `as he sent the angel . . . may he be sent to us,' Thes. ii 304.1 (Hy. i). amal soite a shlúaig úad soid a grád ┐ a gráin for cúlu, ZCP xi 86 § 45 . With follg. clause introduced by an adv. (samlaid, etc.): amal nadngaib lius di suidiu is samlid insin nisgaib som lius di . . . , Ml. 34b6 . amal rombói ingnae cáich is samlid . . ., 26b8 . amal fongníter ídil síc fogníther donaib ánib, Wb. 27b9 . amál nád ṅdéni neutur dindí as tiberis . . . síc ní déni, Sg. 63a17 . amuil is etarbach grech na cno faisi cen torad aici is amlaidh is etarbach na neiche sin do denam, Laws iv 36.17 Comm. amal do-rala . . . thall . . . is amlaid do-rala sund, PH 146 . amail adcondarcais misi co granna . . . ar tús ┐ alaind fadeoid, is amlaid sin in flaithius, RC xxiv 200.17 . amail teit . . . is amhlaidh sidhe as . . . so, Stair Erc. 499 . amal is e cet lá na sechtmaine in domnach . . . is amal-sin . . . is e is ochtmad lá . . ., PH 3585 . After compar.: is mesu andas amuil robui, Laws iv 156.12 Comm. do badh líonmhaire da n-édálaibh . . . inás amhail ro fhédsat a ttiomáin, Hugh Roe 88.8 (fo. 23b) . bá moa a n ainm ┐ a n oirdearcus inas amhail tangattar, AFM v 1848.z .

In PH with ellipse of verb. (cf. the Lat. construction): co mbí in t-í dobeir hí i n-a shímontaig amal in t-í gabus, 7595 . do thabairt ascad amal rig do as (on) a king, 2838 . fofhuaras duine amal mo chride a man after my own heart, 6479 . Prob. also in: me-si tra amal mo brathri tindnacimm mo chorp . . ., 6640 . Note also: amal alanaile ndoine gl. ut caeterorum, Ml. 54a21 , a literal transl. of the Lat.

(b) With impf. subj. in meaning as if, as though (in this constr. not as a rule followed by rel. clause, see OIPG 209 ): ro pridchad dúib céssad Críst amal ad-cethe `Christ's passion has been preached to you as though it were seen', Wb. 19b6 . is amal bid fri Crist frisorthe `it is as though ye offended against Christ', 10c12 . amal ninfessed cách et ronfitir calléic gl. sicut qui ignoti et cognoti, 16a2 . amal ni bimmis cutrummi frib gl. quasi non pertinguentes, 17b16 . amal ni cuimsimmis a denum gl. quasi [nos] infirmi fuerimus in hac parte, 17c18 . amal ni risinse do bar cosc si gl. tamquam non uenturus sim ad uos, 9a19 . amal nombemmis érchóilti gl. tamquam morti destinatos, 9a3 . amal fid a fondamtis gl. quasi longam famem passi `as (though) it were when they suffered', Ml. 34b11 . amal bid do íc a galair gl. velut in doloris solacium, 23c9 . amal bid ind aimsir feisin, Sg. 188a26 . amal ni bed ad and, 217a8 . amal bith do chonsain, amal as ṅ-dí `as though it were to a consonant, (or) as it is to it', 9b11 . amal bid oc caíned in guḟorgaill, Trip.² 87 . no lastais in aidche amal betis ruithni gréni, TBFr. 27 . amal ní acced is ní cloath ní `as if he saw not and heard not anything', Ériu iii 104 § 40 . amhoil búdh fear fiadhoigh thú, Desid. 3183 . With condit.: amhail do bhiadh gráin . . . aca air, TSh. 4255 . Later a.¤ ┐: amhuil ┐ do bheith riachtanas aguinne réna seirbhís, Desid. 5244 . The following may be elliptical, but could also be referred to I: otconnairc a gnúis amal aingel as (though it had been that of) an angel, PH 1313 . ni hairmither amal duin-orcuin do sin it is not counted as manslaughter, 4208 . atchīam-ne tú amail catharda díless hi neim, BColm. 106.6 . amal tofunn dotṡéstae as though it were a pursuit wherewith thou wert pursued, Ériu i 200 § 25 (supply bid?).

(c) As temporal conj. expressing simultaneousness, while, when: amal immind-ráitset con-accatar F. cuccu `as they were talking about it they saw F. coming towards them', Thes. ii 241.11 (Ardm.). amal batar ann . . . co n-accatar in tene, Trip.² 445 . amail notreigtis addurtaig `when they left the oratory', Mon. Tall. 132.12 (§ 12) . amal atib in dig nirbo chumain laiss F., LU 4030 ( SCC 48 ). amal batar and . . . ico'n ol, PH 76 . amal itcualae . . . H. . . . . a beth i n-oentuma, 834 .

(d) As explicative conj. with adverbial force how, in what state, manner; how in sense of (the fact) that: bá foderc dó . . . amal ro both and how things were there, LU 8219 ( FB 16 ). a scrutan i n-a menmain amal doragad airi, 8223 (17). ni chumaic . . . innisin inna n-airecht sin amal itát what they are like, 1997 ( FA 6 ). indēsad dáib madh āil libh / amhail fūaradar oidhidh how they died, ZCP viii 119 § 1 . atchifet amal digeltar forru, PH 2806 . tabhair an taiplis don tigh / gu faicmis amhail imrid, IGT Decl. ex. 607 . do ordaigh Tairrdelbach . . . do lucht túaisceirt amal no raghdais dia taig, RC xviii 55.1 (Tig.). ro indis in echtra ┐ amail dochuadar for iar[r]aid usci, xxiv 202.4 . innister dó amhail ro escain Espuc E. . . . in fled, MR 24.18 .

(e) Doubtfully causal in: amal is i lóu bad sochrud ar n-imthecht gl. sicut in die honeste ambulemus 'since it is in the day', Wb. 6a30 . amal is tre bar tabirtsi dochum nirisse gl. sicut et uos nostra (gloria) . . ., 14c17 . In both cases the use of amal is no doubt due to the Lat. sicut. Possibly also: amail is tre metur ro cet in chantaice, Hib. Min. 6.188 .

Miswritten (am̄) for amlaid (aml—) in: is amal ro-batar in corp ┐ in cend oc tepersain fola, PH 1881 . is amal bói I. oc ernaigthi, 2202 . is amal fo-s-gébtái it é eroslacthi, 3753 .

In IGT Introd. 2.14 , 33.6 in phrase samhlughadh amhuil of adjectives in -amuil derived from nouns.

cantaicc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cantaicc or dil.ie/8169

 

Forms: chantaici, canntoic

n f. (Lat. canticum). Note also n pl. m. ind chantaici , Mon. Tall. 140.26 . canntoic, Snedg. u. Mac R 11.12 . canticle : is cantaic for salmaib (of Fél.), Fél. Ep. 190 . co . . . salmaib ┐ cantaicib, Trip.² 2997 . ro chansat . . . ceol combind . . . ┐ c.¤ cainḟoclaig, LB 118b38 . co paitrib ┐ cantaccib, MacCongl. 13.12 . ro-chansat immund ┐ c.¤ logmair, PH 2156 . co cantaiccibh spiratalta, BNnÉ 95.5 . go moladh ┐ cainticibh nvaide, Aisl. Tond. 113.29 . an chainticc ghlórmhar do-rōnsad . . . an énlaith, Beatha S. F. 2482 . cantaici ceoilbinni melodious canticles, Grail 4374 .

Of the Song of Songs: Ecclesiastes ┐ C.¤ na Cantaicci, PH 3978 - 9 . in ch.¤ Solomon, Hib. Min. 26.26 . ceangal na heaglaisi ┐ gacha hanma Criosduidhe ciallaigther san chantic sin, Rule of Tallaght 29 . Of other specific canticles: in chantaic co n-gléri gal / Audite caeli, Hib. Min. 46.1 . ag sir-radh na biaide ┐ chantaige Muire (of Magnificat), Rule of Tallaght 32 . ag rádh na cantaice Benedicite, Celtica i 211.75 . cántaic na glóri diada ( Gloria in Excelsis), PH 4787 .

Cf. cainntice na psalm, Mac Aingil 4294 `chanting(?)', Gloss.

dechenc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dechenc or dil.ie/14880

 

n o. A pair of persons. Cf. trecheng. The want of eclipsis, Fél. Mar. 6 (decheng deodae), points to masculine gender. The frequent writing drecheng after prím and mór does not prove neuter gender, as it may be = threcheng.—By Irish grammarians associated with cing `a champion' or with cenn `a head' (`a person'): decheng .i. dá ching nó dá chend, O'Curry Transcr. LB. cing .i. trénfer ut est inmain deceng deoda, Thr. Ir. Gl. 130. 16 . Cf. trecheng .i. tríar .i. trí cinn móra, Fél. Sept. 16 n. .i. trí cind, ib. p. 248 . décheng with é, Fél. Nov. 26 (Laud 610). Elsewhere always decheng as trecheng. deicheng, LL 29 b 36 . dechenn, Fél. Nov. 26 v.l., cf. trechenn, BDD § 93 . —The inflexion is against the derivation †dé-ching. Besides dechenc can hardly be separated from trethenc, Wb. 29 c 5 : cui gloria honor et imperium sempeternum .i. is trethenc comadas do it is a fitting triad to him. The relations between this and trechenc, dechenc are obscure. In Mid.-Ir. treicheng and treitheng would render one and the same pronunciation (†treheŋ).—Dech-enc and treth-enc either cpds. with †cenc, †tenc, or derivatives of Pre-Celt. and Indo-Eur. †dueiko-, duiko-, and †tṛt[i]o-, trit[i]o-; the former is represented by Teut. †tvī˘ha(n)- consisting of two (also of persons as O. Eng. mid unc twîh between us twain), Scr. dvika-; the latter by Lat. tertius, Teut. þridjan-, Gk. τρισσός and W. trydydd. Apart from the gender trethenc seems identical with ON priðjungr a third, dechenc with O. Eng. twēoung (†twīhungō-). For the treatment of unaccented -nk, cf. 1 cumang (con-icc) and crobang `a fistful' which seems a derivative of crob.

Of saints: inmain decheng deodae...Felicitas...Perpetua, Fél. Mar. 7 . cain d.¤ , Sep. 6 . a s. guid decheng (v.l. décheng, dechenn, decheceng) ṅderb ṅdálach...Banbán... Siric, Nov. 26 . mórdecheng, Nov. 28 v.l. Of kings and warriors : cathach decheng dána fial: Feidelmid [Clothach] Cormac Ciar, Rawl. 116 a 5 = cath[ach] déceng, etc. (corrupt) LL 387 a 34 . assa decheng lassa torchair, YBL 13 a 27 . Snedg. u. Mac R 12. 11 . Of chiefs and professionals : druid ┐ aire désa deicheṅg nád bí dóer, LL 29 b 36 .—Obs.

gaibid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gaibid or dil.ie/25119
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: gaibim, gabimm, gaibiu, gaibid, gaibthi, gaib, gaibit, gabit, gaibde, gaba, rogba, gebaid, gebat, gabsu-sa, rongabus, gabais, gabis, rogab, gaibthir, rogaibther, gaibtir, gabthar, gabthe, rogabad, rogabath, rogabtha, gabthi, gabaid, gebsa

v see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 527 . O.I. Pres. ind. 1 s. gaibim, Thes. ii 2.35 . gabimm, Wb. 16d4 . gaibiu, Trip. 54.14 . 3 s. gaibid, Wb. 9a3 . Ml. 64c12 . (with pronom. suf.) gaibthi, Sg. 26b7 . ni gaib , Wb. 3d8 . 3 p. gaibit, Sg. 200b10 . gabit, Ml. 38a8 . rel. gaibde, 76a16 . Pres. Subj. 3 s. gaba, Wb. 28a20 . rogba, 15d40 . Fut. 3 s. gebaid, Wb. 8a7 . 3 p. ni gebat , 4c8 . Pret. and Perf. 1 s. gabsu-sa, Thes. ii 291.7 . (ceín) rongabus , Wb. 23b18 . 3 gabais, Thes. ii 238.16 . gabis, i 495.1 ( Ardm. 77a1 ). rogab, Wb. 2c21 . Pass. Pres. ind. s. gaibthir, Wb. 16d7 . (hó) rogaibther , 13b13 . p. gaibtir, Thes. ii 295.16 . Subj. s. gabthar, Wb. 29b5 . Pret. and Perf. s. gabthe, Ml. 55c1 . rogabad, 14a14 . rogabath, 24d13 . p. rogabtha, 133b2 . verb. necess. gabthi, 76d4 . Vn. gabál, q.v. For later forms see IGT Verbs § 23.

I Trans. lays hold of, grasps .

(a) takes hold of, possession of ; passing into sense receives, accepts . With co and reflexive pron. takes to oneself : admits of, allows . Ní gaib cen (acht) insists on. Supports, upholds (= congaib) ; sometimes almost = fogaib.

(b) With pers. obj. receives, admits . g.¤ nech in receives as : g.¤ ar considers as.

(c) takes by force, captures ; takes away ; g.¤ lám, g.¤ búaid.

(d) More rarely holds, maintains (against an enemy).

(e) affects, takes hold of (lit. seizes, possesses) of a mental condition, etc. ; affects injuriously (illness, etc.) paralyses, bewitches .

(f) puts, applies .

(g) puts on, assumes : g.¤ arm assumes warrior status ; g.¤ caille, colann, étach, etc. With imm and reflexive pron. puts on (clothes), cf. inf. V (g).

(h) g.¤ cuan, port, etc., reaches (a destination).

(i) g.¤ dúnad, longport pitches a camp .

(j) chooses, fixes (a day, meeting, etc.).

(k) sets about, begins (an employment, etc.).

(l) conceives (a passion, etc.).

(m) thinks, infers . (m 2) takes down from dictation; edits (?).

(n) conceives (offspring).

(o) With for and reflexive pron. takes on oneself (responsibility, etc.).

(p) With co and refl. pron. assumes .

(q) takes a path, traverses, reaches .

(r) ? celebrates (a festival).

(s) suits (late).

(t) A legal idiom (?)

II Intrans.

(a) goes, proceeds .

(b) lands, settles, takes up one's abode (esp. of starting a community).

(c) holds out, remains .

(d) Gram. is declined ; also is subdivided.

(e) holds sway, reigns .

(f) takes hold or effect .

III Perfect forms= subst. vb.

IV sings, chants, recites , etc.

V Further uses with preps. :

(a) g.¤ ar (1) holds back, restrains (2) distrains (rare).

(b) g.¤ de hinders, holds back : also g.¤ ní de neuch.

(c) g.¤ do (1) sets about . (2) attacks . (3) covers, fits .

(d) g.¤ fa attacks, charges at.

(e) g.¤ for (1) assails . (2) begins, sets about . (3) overtakes . (4) outshines .(5) includes .

(f) g.¤ fri (1) holds out against . (2) warns (doubtful). (3) receives, welcomes (late). (4) commences, begins .

(g) g.¤ imm (1) refuses, refrains from, conceals, withholds . (2) distrains . (3) makes good, compensates . (4) adheres to. (5) dresses, arrays oneself.

(h) g.¤ in assails .

(i) g.¤ la accepts, sides with.

(j) g.¤ oc. (1) sets about, begins . (2) sides with, stands by ; passing into sense is partial to, lets off.

(k) g.¤ ós gains supremacy over .

VI Used in phrases with nouns to which references are given.

I Trans. In widest sense lays hold of, grasps .

(a) takes (hold of, possession of) ; passing into sense of receives, accepts (with mat. obj.) : amal náṅgabimmse didiu ni gaib Lucas, as I do not take it (of a payment), Wb. 16d4 . rogabad gabáal dóib leu, 7a7 . gebid A. in n-id inna láim, TBC-LL¹ 581 . focherd a bunsaich ... condagebed re toitim ... so that he would catch it before falling, TBC-I¹ 518 . gab a Eba in t-uball-sa, Ériu iv 114.2 . rogab ... in mac ina ucht, RC xxiv 192.1 . adubradar nach gēbdais coma ina sārugud, ZCP viii 274.18 . Giabud-sa coma uaib, xiii 240.14 . dogab Buinne na comhadha sin, IT ii2 140.445 . `in ngēbthái cís no cáin uatha ? ' ... `ní giabthar,' ZCP xiii 226.9 - 11 . do-ghéabhainn ... eineaclonn, TD 3.52 . Analogous : roghabhsat a ndíorma `they sent out their squadron' (i.e. took and got together), AFM v 1812.15 . geibid Brigit e fri baithis `B. holds him at the baptism,' Fél. 110.27 . g.¤ ech gets (and makes ready) a horse : gabhthar a ghabhar do Ghuaire, RC xxvi 374.22 . gebid ar n-eich co escaid, vii 296.114 . is gabtha indiu in gabar bán, SG 243.32 .

With non-mat. obj. : gēbaid a ainm dim anmaim[-se] he will take his name from mine, ACL iii 231.16 . ro gab ratha grene ┐ esca `took guarantees of the sun and moon,' MR 2.5 . caibdhi (caibghi v.l.) ler geab sí suirgi a bride-price for which she accepted wooing, IGT Decl. ex. 176 . geb as do thoil fen bás accept death, PH 6631 . gab maithim n-anacail accept protection, TTebe 1030 . níor ghabh umhlocht `did not receive homage,' TD 17.43 . ro ghabh a n-airi cur fir a ndobratar a ndraidhe fein riu it was borne in upon them, RC xliii 76 § 76 . g.¤ sossad (suide, etc.) : rogab á sossad he hath taken his station, Wb. 4b18 . gabsat ... a suide, BDD 59 . gaib do chuil isin charcair take thy corner in the prison, Thes. ii 290.8 . g.¤ ríge, tír, etc. takes possession of, takes over (an office, dignity, property, etc.) : ataat da n-orpe rogab A., Wb. 2c21 . cia dib gebus t'forba, RC xxiv 194.1 . resiu rogabtis tír tairṅgeri, Ml. 123a1 , or under (c) ? tria chumachta na hingine nogebtais tír, Ériu iii 138.2 . doguidhetar ... fá mhac ... dogébhed a nionad dia neisi, BNnÉ 190 § 1 . iar ndul adíu nogabad Tír an Dísirt `that he set up in T.' (of a bishop), BColm. 56.30 . i mbechbrethaib bech ... gaibte crann `bees that have taken up their lodging in the tree,' Laws iv 180.16 . gabaid M. rīge nEírenn, ZCP viii 318.11 . ... nar gaba rath na righi, Fen. 120.11 . Ri do gabustar righi, BCC § 141 . Cf. in lin rig rogab hErind, Fen. 58.14 . ar ghabh dá gcineadh Bóinn Bhreagh, TD 8.17 . géba apdaine ┐ cumachta fors-in domun, PH 2272 . Domnall o Conaill do gabh uadha e a nGaidhilg `took it down in Gaelic from him' (i.e. from his dictation), Plummer Colophons 16, n.4 . Often with co and refl. pron. takes to oneself, undertakes : ma ro gabsat daine aile cuca ar comairce, Laws iv 228.25 . gab chucat sind, a Christ, PH 183 . gabh chugat mo chomairche undertake my defence, Dán Dé 1.3 . blāith rogabais cucut corp, ACL iii 242 § 16 . dogab Serlus sin cuige co mor, C. took that greatly to heart, RC xix 278 § 204 (Fier.). níor gábh Eóghan chuige go maith an t-urfhuighioll sin, ML 44.9 . takes to witness : rogab neam, ┐ talam, Todd Nenn. 126.9 ; lxx 11 . admits of, allows : ni gabait etir na lestair lána a tórmach, PH 5480 . Ni gaband sí a cumdach le h-or no le h-airget, BCC § 52 (of a stone). beac ma gabann leighes quasi non recipit curationem, O'Gr. Cat. 205.21. Cf. dá ngébha an focal chuigi if the word will allow of it, IGT Introd. § 3 . ní ghéabhainn dol go clannaibh séaghainn Saxon I would not consent (?) to go, Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 8 § 5 . ná gabh toirmeasg `admit no hindrance,' TD 2.3 . Ní gaib cen (acht) will take only, insists on : ní ragaib cen chuit cána, LL 376a35 . nī gēb cen sē curu, TBC-I¹ 2274 ; 2260 . na geb-si cen cath insist on a battle, MR 42.19 . adubhairt nach gebhadh gan meisi dḟaghail mar mhnaoi, Ériu v 182.360 ; 209.21 (v.l.). adubairt nac hgébadh gan éraic d'fagáil, BNnÉ 89.9 . Nír gap uaidip gan bangcēd, Fl. Earls 68.25 . ní ghéabhaidh ód ghruaidh gan bheith feithmheach ..., TD 19.6 . ni ragab acht a anmnigud o anmaim (of Lifea and Mag Life), LL 159a31 . ni ro-gabsat uada acht a bréthir do comallad friu, PH 908 . nir gabhsat uadha gan a athchur, BNnÉ 236.31 . ni rogab acht oentech do denam imme, Anecd. i 9.11 . Also ní gaib co : nī rogaib A. co tarta rātha ┐ gremand fris `A. did not rest satisfied till securities and bonds were given to him,' Cáin Ad. § 22 ; § 26 . supports, upholds (?) glossed congbann : in tí na gaibh rechtge, ni tuilledh rechtge dó .i. in tí na congbhann in díretad, O'D. 712 ( H 3.17, c. 520 ). concerns, affects : comaithces ... is cuma no do gaib aire fri aithech, Laws iv 68.4 . In some cases nearly = fo-gaib : ni gaib airechas it does not get leadership, Wb. 3d8 . canas a ngabar índ aile dec `whence is the twelfth derived ?' Laws iv 198.1 Comm. 16.11 Comm. rogab lige n-úar i n-úir, Metr. Dinds. ii 36.4 .

(b) With pers. obj. receives, admits : manumgaibi ar charit (= Si ergo habes me socium), Wb. 32a16 . na gaph tescariut mar caruid, Ériu v 126.8 . rogabad som hirige, Ml. 14a4 . conadragaib ina munteras, IT i 74.5 . arroeta[t]ar (.i. ro gabadar) he co fáilti, ACL iii 30 § 81 . ro gabadh go honórach hé ón rígh, RC xxv 388.6 . sí ar feadh na gorta níor gheabh `throughout the famine he disowned her' (i.e. would not have her), TD 15.31 . g.¤ nech i n- takes, receives as (in the quality of) : gebtit iudei i n-apid `Judaei will receive him as lord,' Wb. 26a8 . Cf. gabsi cadessin abbaith, Thes. ii 242.21 . co ro-n-gabthar i n-ar mbraithrib do Christ, PH 7883 . do gab se 'na la ciunaiss dó fén é `he took it for a day of rest,' BCC 408.12 . A somewhat different idea with ar : gebidh in aimsir frecnairc arna huilib aimseraib he takes the present time for all times, Auraic. 84.

(c) takes by force, captures . duairci bas dun chach ṅgaibde whom they seize, Ml. 76a16 . condagaibtis intais amprom trianintleda that the wicked used to seize them through their snares, 31c6 . damsa bed gabthi (gl. nihil defuit ad capiendum me), 76d4 . fer gaibes fer beogabail, Laws iv 336.8 . Na mna ... rogabad la Creon rofhosclad dibh la Teis, TTebe 4907 . romgab in críne m'imlúad old-age has deprived me of my power of motion, Ériu iv 154.15 . co[r] gabatar tech fuirre they stormed the house in which she was, RC xv 323 ( Dinds. 23 ). Ro gabhadh an droichet forra, AFM vi 1992.5 . gébtáit ar tír frind, TBC-I¹ 172 . gabsit tír and ar chlaideb, ZCP viii 313.21 . gabsat tír im Themair Breg, Hail Brigit § 18 ( LL 50a10 ). For g.¤ láim expels, g.¤ láim for enjoins, see lám and s.v. gabál. Fig. dede huangaibter in descipuil oc eitsecht inna preceptorae `... whereby disciples are taken,' Ml. 122c2 . A Eua, cid arnotgeib ? (= ar-ṅdot-geib ?) what is the matter with thee ?, SR. 1693 . g.¤ buaid wins a victory: ní ba unus gebas a m-buáid, Wb. 11a6 . isóinfer gaibes buáid diib, 11a4 . gabsat búaid, Fél. Jan 28 ; July 6 .

(d) More rarely holds, maintains (against an enemy, etc.): ro gabsat co setrech ... in tech commatain, TFerbe 339 . Cf. ré fer ná ré mnái ... ní gabtar in t-aracul the little house is never closed against man or woman, SG 245.8 .

(e) affects, takes hold of (lit. seizes, possesses) of a mental condition or the like; more commonly affects injuriously (of disease, danger or other evil influence); esp. bewitches, paralyses: nachinrogba derchoíniud, Wb. 15d40 . nachas-ragbad torsi díachessadsom, RC iv 246 § 3 . gabaidh toirrsi mor M.E., Ériu v 72.13 . rom gab trist, TBC(C) 1058 . conidrogbad huall, Ml. 39d22 . nísgaibed tart nā līae, Hy. ii 29 . conidgaib codlad de, TBC-I¹ 371 . do gob ita iarsin iad 'thirst seized them', ITS xxxix 38 § 233 . ro gobustair ferg mor he 'great wrath seized him', ITS xxxix 38 § 233 . romgab imtholta im erscéluib Tāno do ḟaisnēis dam, ACL iii 3.18 . gabsai format, ZCP xi 108.2 . ní-dom-geibend ecal, Metr. Dinds. iii 152.18 . ma rangba crith, Ériu vii 168.30 . rongab failte, BB 493b30 . do gab gengairi ... é, BCC § 98 . in corrmíl bá in sengán nom-gaib isin crecht `that nips me in the wound,' BDD 162 . ni-mragba nathir, Misc. Hib. 20.1 . nin geib rind, TBC-LL¹ 3209 . nachumgabat gái, KMMisc. 256 § 28 . ní geibhtis renna ... he, RC xliii 46 § 45 . Ni báid usce he ... ┐ ni geba iarn, PH 7278 . ni gabad arm é, Ériu iii 166.36 . ros gabsat idain Moncha, CMMucr. 50 § 42 . re siu ro gobad galar `before disease took hold on him,' Ir. Review 1912.250 . RC iii 177.7 . gabais buidre a cluasa 'deafness seized their ears', Blathm. 96 § 21 . nis ragaibh lugha dighe thirst did not oppress them, AFM i 382.7 . Ro chansat-side brechta druidechta ina agid, co ro gabait a chossa ocus a láma so that his legs and arms were stricken, SCC 48 ( LU 4028 ). Cf. do gabhadh a chosae ┐ a lamha fair, ZCP x 14.4 . Lism. L. 3043 . rogabtha a cossae cona dernae figild, Mon. Tall. § 34 . gabtar cassa na n-each (i.e. by the power of St. Molasius), SG 26.19 .

(f) puts, applies: gabais iarom a mér ina bēolu, RC xxv 344.z . geibh ind uisqui put it in water, Lism. L. 2676 . gabhais minn ... fa a cheann, CF 903 . in t-aire rogabsabair foraib, ZCP viii 318.25 . ro-gabsat étach corcorda imme, PH 3295 . rogobad ola ... da churp oil was applied to his body, TTebe 2560 . geibid na claidhmi dar a n-aigthib doip `slash the swords over their faces,' CCath. 5163 . conid hé gebes claideb dó, RC xxi 386.14 . gabais tabaill dōib, TBC-I¹ 1100 . gaibthi dō he plies it on him, 1735 . `gebid dúrna dar a gnúis dó,' PH 2330 . RC xliii 28 § 25 . ord don Chrumm rogab he plied a sledge hammer on C., Metr. Dinds. iv 22.9 . geibidh otrach ... ┐ clocha dó, BNnÉ 34.14 . Idiom: Ní raghatt ... ar nach gabat in sluagh imchumhang an toighi form `lest the army pen me in the house,' BS § 55 ( BS² 1660 ).

(g) puts on, assumes: gaibid mod ṅargumint it takes the form of an argument, Ml. 64c12 . Ca delb rogabais ?, Ériu iv 104 § 53a . rogabsi delb fhir do Grecaib fuirri she assumed the form of a Greek, TTebe 3449 . Ar ghabhabhair do ghné an chróigh the ruddy hue you had assumed, IGT Decl. ex. 318 . g.¤ caille puts on the veil (i.e. becomes a nun): gabais caille la Patricc Lassar, Thes. ii 238.16 ( Ardm. 17a2 ). g.¤ arm (gasced) assumes warrior status: romoch lind ra gabais armu, TBC-LL¹ 1163 . `in gaisced gebis (gebes LU) in gilla ?', TBC-I¹ 562 . g.¤ colaind takes flesh: ro-gabais colaind ndoenda, PH 164 . g.¤ étach, etc. (usu. with imm and refl. pron.) puts on clothes: gaibid immib a n-etach macc cóimsa, Wb. 27b16 . lasse gabas immbi, 13d22 . dond fíanerred ... rogabastár-som immi, TBC-I¹ 1870 . 2038 . gab etach ... pendaite umat, PH 452 . gabhuis a éideadh aithfrinn, Irish Texts i 38.18 . do ghabh fa na ghealghlacuibh á lamhanna, Rel. Celt. ii 262.25 . Fig. na daoine ghabhas orra grádh do bhriathar-sa do bheith aca `such as appear to reverence ... thy word,' Carswell 61.

(h) g.¤ cuan, port, etc., gains, reaches (a destination): gur ghabhsad cuan they put into port, Keat. i 142.51 . ro gabhsat caladh, Leb. Gab.(i) i 224 § 150 . gabuis port curuch C.C., Mon. Tall. § 66 . in tan ro gabsat na curaig tír, LU 6922.

(i) g.¤ dúnad, longport fixes, pitches (a camp): gabthe dunad les fris, Ml. 55c1 . co ro gab longphort oc Muaid, RC xxiv 178 § 6.

(j) chooses, assigns, fixes (a day, meeting, etc.): Do ghabh sé tráth rer teibi he has assigned a time for our destruction, IGT Decl. ex. 160 . gabsat la catha, BNnÉ 10.7 . do gabhsad ... lā cuinne, Duan. F. i 13.23 . do gabatar lá a cend mís do fhregra chatha da cheile, L. Chl. S. § 12 . rogabadh coinne, Expugn. Hib. § 76.

(k) takes up, sets about, begins (an employment or occupation), usu. with vn.: gabais eigsi corbo sui, ZCP xiv 154.11 . Nás rogaibi gním cen gáis, Metr. Dinds. iii 48.13 . Ó rogabsat ... tochmarc Túaige, iv 58.17 . is é cles do ro ghabh an ingen ... dona hógaibh, RC xxix 110 § 4 . gabais cluche arísi, LU 1715 . gabaid ... imbirt a dornn foraib, TBC-I¹ 431 . gaibig (gabaid , LU) immān līathrōide riam darin nārmaig, 455 . rogab formalad na sin (sic leg.) began to extol the weather (Four Old Irish Songs), Rawl. 107a3 ; ni ragab si labrath cid acht, Irish Texts i 2 § 3 ; 14 § 42 . dianragabsa dībrugud isin tailm, 1054 . gebid cách díb ... leod ┐ letrad, TFerbe 728 . ro gab ... scaindred ... int ṡluáig, 732 . geibid glanad na hadba, Metr. Dinds. iii 246.61 . Cid imma ngabthar trebad ?, ZCP viii 112.17 . rogab torad tercugad, rogab talam olcugadh, ZCP vii 309.9 . do ghabadar na díbfergaig teichedh, SG 10.11 . o ro gabhus fogail, Moling § 16 . gabur aile do denam the fence is begun, Laws iv 70.24 gl. With infixed pron. anticipating the object of the vn.: romgab mo thēdi toghaois my wantonness has commenced to beguile me, Ériu ii 16 § 5 . Is labar tonn mara mair. rusgab in gaim comgabáil winter has begun to arouse it, Otia i 125 . Rosngap an mpachlach griseth the churl began to upbraid them, ITS ii 124 § 98 . (Cf. atároí astód he fails to stop them, LU 6793. ) Also gaibid for gaibid oc and gaibid fri, qq.v.

(l) conceives (a passion or emotion) the mental state being the obj. of the vb., a later construction than (e): gabaid feirg Cathal, MacCongl. 51.27 . geibhis aitricche ndiochra inn, BNnÉ 323 § 35 . rogab ét ingen R., Metr. Dinds. iii 94.13 . dogob nairi an ingen, iv 12.13 . gor gabh risin Fhein format, ZCP xi 43 § 44 . na gabh ... crith re gríoghail, ML 100.20 . an ní fá ngabhaim gúasacht, Studies 1921, 419 § 10 . co ngebtais ... ecla reimi, TTebe 2390 . ro gabustar-som uaill ... de-sin, RC xliii 14 § 7.

(m) thinks, infers . Sometimes with oc and refl. pron.: rogab a menma-sum robad budi la Grécu, LL 231b18 ( TTr. 1057 ). rogab a menma conad e Ænias in fer, Aen. 1591 . ni gebad delb eli dib acht `... would form no other conception of them but,' CCath. 782 . conid assin rogabad a tichtain a nelaip ciach, RC xii 58.9 . nī asa ṅ-gabtha, anything from which might be inferred, Rawl. 75a49 . ar mírbuil dino as gabtha do churp in Choimded dul isin tegdais foriatta, LB. 195a42 . Very frequent in Laws Comm. in this sense, e.g. Is ass gabar sin it is from this that that is deduced, Laws passim . na gebed ... nech aicce co mbad ... (= nemo putet ...), PH 6144 . na ragbam accaind ar dhíles na hindmusa do-ratait dúin (= ea non debemus retinere privata ...), 6123 .

(m 2) takes down from dictation; edits (?): Nicol hua hIceadha do gabh a nGaeidilg, NLI G2 248 . Ua Dubthaig do gab ┐ do scríb, NLI G5 f. 5v . See Angus Matheson Essays 88-89 .

(n) conceives (offspring). Common in later Church language. sul ar ghab sí C. ina broinn, SG 1.9 . Géabhair mac ón Athair, A. Ó Dálaigh i 7 . do bhrigh nach gabhthar ón Spiorad Naomh acht Mac Dé, Eochairsg. 120.5 . do gabhadh ón Sbiorad naomh, Ó Héodhusa 7. With object unexpressed: Gabhais an ógh ón Athair, A. Ó Dálaigh i 1 .

(o) g.¤ for, with refl. pron., takes (a burden, responsibility on one's self), undertakes . geibid foraib faisam in meic, TBC-LL¹ 934 . geib-siu ḟort na ticfa d'ḟortacht ... fer n-hErend, 4668 . gabaim-si immorro form ōn Coimdhe co nā ba lugaite di (= do) rath, ACL iii 309.14 . gabhuid sin ortha fein they undertake to do that, BNnÉ 159 § 16 . gabait forro ferta ... nach fétat do dénam dóib, FA § 28 . gabh ort mo choimhéad, Dán Dé iii 19.

(p) g.¤ co, with refl. pron., takes to oneself, receives, cf. TSh. Glossary. Leg. assumes (?): gabaimse cugam a breitheamnaibh nach tarrus aos láime, O'D. 1700 ( H 2.12, No. 8, p. 1 ).

(q) takes a path, etc., traverses, reaches: Is mair[g] mairg ... gabus in athgairit-si dochumm n-iffirn, PH 7608 . conar inna aithrige dia mbeth nech nodagabad, Ériu i 200 § 24 . rogabhsat an clochán astech, v 94.2 . an t-eolass comcoitchenn gabus cach docum an oilen, BCC 234.23 . gabhait in fhairrgi, Fl. Earls 8.19 . With neut. aff. pron. as cognate obj.: gaibte (.i. teit) Moling, Fél. 152.13 . gaibt[h]i sīar she goes west, ACL iii 1.15 . gaibthi inund, Ériu ii 24.7 . gaibhthe ... docum na meithle, Lism. L. xii 2.

(r) provides for, holds, celebrates (a festival): is de sin no geibed Flidais cach sechtmad láa di feraib Herend do bóthorud dia thoscid ocon Táin, LU 1631 . Conchobar ... fessin no gaibed in samuin dóib, Ériu iv 26 § 14 ( LL 106b30 ). a menain si con-gabaind an Chaisc dōib, Irish Texts i 7 § 23 .

(s) becomes, suits (late): is olc ghabhus tú h'atán `badly doth thy hat become thee,' TD 38.48 .

(t) ? legal phrase: is mor nodcuri ┐ nodgabai fein id dhalaib `greatly dost thou put thyself and take thyself (?) in thy causes,' IT iii 201.1 .

II Intrans.

(a) goes, proceeds, extends: gaibid in rí condeissid forsin cholcaid, SG 414.7 ( LL 279b10 ). gebid ... sair, RC vii 300.1 . car ghabh an crodh ?, xxiii 10.6 . rogab remi ar ammus mara, TTr.² 146 . ar fágcbail tslebi San C. ... gebair ... co mainister manach, Maund. § 49 . cualli iairn isin brutt ... co n-geib on gualaind go araile dó so that it extends, TBC-LL¹ 5387 . gaibid ind ōcben chucu draws near, RC xiii 375.18 . cor' gabh in clais sin ó imell an longphuirt co caladh in mara sís, CCath. 1740 . gabhaidh iar sin anfadh for an ath a tempest passes over the ford, RC xliii 86 § 87 . gabh go dún Í Dhonnchadha, Gofraidh Fionn i i 15 ( Ir. Monthly 1919 ). An ruibēr gabus go Louāine, Fl. Earls 64.15 . doirsi tré ngabhann an Críostaidhe, Ó Héodhusa 14. With imm surrounds: coro gabsat immut uli `es hatten dich umgeben alle,' TFerbe 47 6. Fig. dogabsat ara coradaib `they turned to their sureties,' Ériu v 116.47 .

(b) settles, lands, takes up one's abode (esp. of the founder of a religious community): co ragbaiset hi trácht Fuirbthi they landed on F. strand, LU 6921 ( BDD 53 ). co ro gabsat i mBrēntrācht, ITS xliv 12 § 379 = gabsat Brentracht, LL 1466 . gur' gab isin bruach eli, CCath. 2616 . anadh ait a ngabadh fom mo c[h]urach, Anecd. i 72.203 . ara ṅgabtais i purt Semeonta, LL 219b46 ( TTr. 200 ). gabsat ... hic Temuir, ZCP viii 305.25 . mad beich rogabat and `if it be bees that have taken up their abode there,' Laws iv 168.27 . sruth. ... ro gab for brú amnis (of an anchorite), Fél. 42.36 . is é gebhus i rRind Ruis B. `it is he who will found a community at R.,' RC xxvii 274.4 . Asi sin aimsir roghabhasdair F. ... a Sliabh Ealpa, Hy Fiach. 18.7 . a ndíochur as in maighin i raghbhaiset (of troops encamped), AFM iv 902.26 . gabsat ann-sin co mucha lai ara barach, RC xliii 62 § 63.

(c) holds out, remains: ro gab ina chind co maeth-tráth éirgi arnabarach (`behauptete [das Haus],' Wind.), TFerbe 393 . gabus C. ina righi ... cu tainic in bodhith, RC xliii 12 § 5.

(d) Grammat. t. is declined: ionann ghabhuid (i.e. fine, aicme, etc.) d'úathadh ┐ d'iollradh, IGT 37 n. 6 . A fig. use of (a) ? Cf. Clann Charthaigh 's gach gné i ngabhoid `each of its species,' TD 32.15 .

(e) holds sway, reigns: dia éis ro gab C., Arch. Hib. ii 85 § 48 . ro gab ós Mide, 82 § 6 . na ríg rogabsat ō Chimbaeth co C., ZCP viii 326.17 . espoc S. .i. cetna comharba roghabh iar Finnén, Lism. L. 2633 . gebaid mac in duinn nadeig, Fen. 150.16 . BNnÉ 254.10 .

(f) takes hold, takes effect: as tene gabus gu grod `a spark that kindles quickly,' Ériu iv 212.11 dinin disail for gair gabhaidh takes effect on a short [syllable], Auraic. 1547.

III Perfect forms with neut. inf. pron. (ron[d] gabus, ron[d] gab, ron[d] gabsat) are used in O.I. and survive in Mid. I. as periphrases of the pres. ind. of subst. vb. in nasalising relative sentences, esp. after `amal' or its equivalent. In origin an idiomatic use of I (a), i.e. `I have taken it,' GOI § 781. Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 436 . Phil. Soc. Trans. 1899, p. 12 . nobiad chách amal rongabusa as I am, Wb. 9d25 . ceín rongabus i carcair as long as I am in prison, 23b18 . ni fitetar amal rongab they know Him not as He is, 27a11 . [ita] rongab scientia lib as there is s. with you, 6d12 . rongab remcaissiu Daé dinaib dulib, Ml. 20c3 . fobíth rongab torsum ┐ tortum, Sg. 172b1 . amal rongabsat in túisil olchenæ hi tuiter, 71a11 . co ceoluib ┐ ligbothaib amal rongab fo[r]na seacht ndealba ind richid, Ériu ii 106.14 . anruth ... ni nascar fair, amail ro gab rig Erenn, Laws iv 358.19 ; 334.6 . atat araile pectha ... sicut rongabsat fingala, RC xv 488.5 . is maith rongabus fritt I am good to thee, LL 249b1 . is si in derbhfine amuil ro gab bruinne in duine, O'D. 548 ( H 3.17, c.436 ). mar ro gab mét a sochraiti because of the number of their host, Cog. 66.23 . Cf. amail ro gaba (pres. subj.) as it may be, as for instance , O'Curry 2298 ( Eg. 88, f. 22 [23c] ).

IV sings, chants, recites; declares (cf. similar use of canaid). Oc cormaim gaibtir dúana, Thes. ii 295.16 . nosgaibtis for clais they used to sing them in choir, Ml. 2b7 . tre ailli gaibther re proinn, Wb. 28c20 . gabis ailli (gl. benedixit), Thes. i 495.1 ( Ardm. 77a1 ). gabais doib inna rundu sa sis, LU 3307 ( SCC § 11 ). gébdait mecc beca na runda sin, MacCongl. 17.16 . ro gab ceol, Fél. Nov. 27 ; Ep. 114 ; 173 . dogabsat gloria glan aingil, ZCP viii 114.7 . Aedh ... do ghabadh moran dana, AU iii 196.21 . is de gaibthi igitur it is of this that he says `igitur,' Sg. 26b7 . dorumenatar combad fou nogabthe isint faithsini (sic leg.) they thought it was uttered in prophecy, Ml. 35b18 . gaibthir tra déde isin testiminse two things then are treated of in this text, Wb. 16d7 . gabar in pater i sanais, PH 7995 . in tan gaibther ecnaircc neich, Rule of Tallaght § 21 . In leigenn gabur co hard, Ériu v 22.9 . geib t'aiccept, a mic `repeat thy lesson,' Fél. 12.19 . cidbe gabus sin for nim no liun ní bia irchoit de (of an incantation), Laws i 2.22 Comm. `Rogaub an rand sa dam dia gabāil doid-se.' `Gab!' ol sé, ACL iii 1.16 .

V Further uses with preps.

(a) g.¤ ar

(1) holds back, restrains . connā gebethar ar lúamairecht lám dó, TBC-I¹ 1872 = TBC-LL¹ 2528 . na maidid in t-echt, noco ngaba fo thrí ar a anáil until he thrice holds in his breath, Mer. Uil. 135 . neach nach gabhann ar a ghuth, Ir. Monthly 1927, 308.3 . ar mh'osnaidh an uair ghabhuim, Ir. Monthly 1927, 361.41 . gabail ar a fual, Mon. Tall. 147.21 . gabam ar ferge (ḟergaib MS) fīrbruth, ACL iii 321.5 . aithchim ... gabháil díbh ar bhar ngáiribh ... restrain your laughter, Content. xvi § 88 . distrains: gaibter ar a fine comfocus do, co nimcuimet aire, O'D. 2180 (cf. Laws iv 128.5 ). g.¤ for = g.¤ ar: ni raigebthar fort you will not be stopped (i.e. from giving largess), LL 277b6 . dia ṅgabad forsin rúin if he tried to hold in the secret, Ériu iv 32.2 . dia roghabhduis inniu fora n-ítaidh ..., Lism. L. 4404 . Cid forsna geib glas na slabrad ?, ZCP xiii 274.3 . nach gebhtha forra tocht an conair, Hugh Roe 36.20 (10a) .

(b) g.¤ de hinders, holds back: nī gēbasa (gebsa LU) dīt ēm I shall not stand in your way, TBC-I¹ 1588 . ní gebam dít trí ḟornert, TFerbe 83 2. mani gabtáis na mórchoicthi díib, TTr.² 1092 . ma dethbir gabus de if necessity prevent him, Laws ii 58.16 Comm. mine gabad naire dim, Aen. 680 . Also with direct obj.: ní boi ní nogabad díbsom tabart fochaide foir, Ml. 33a5 . Nicongebsa ón dítsu ón cid cossin n-echaire théisi I shall not hold you back, TBFr. 314 ( LL 251a40 ). nī gabt[h]ar dím dul cech conair, ZCP iii 33.18 .

(c) g.¤ do:

(1) sets about, undertakes: do gab dá admolad, SG 309.5 . rogabh A. ... do comrag la F., ZCP xiii 174.33 .

(2) attacks, `goes for': dobeir cesti do chách et ni maith less cia gabthar do, Wb. 29b5 . rogabsat dó ar gach taeb, ZCP vi 79.26 . gabar doib co taethsat ann let them be pressed, MR 128.1 . ra gabhadh dhóib ... do chlochaibh, TFrag. 146.15 . ib. 186.7 . mad gabtha gāi dūaine dō, Bruchst. no. 28 .

(3) covers, fits: con-gebethar dóib o thaul co aurdorn (of mail-clad horses), TBC-LL¹ 2544 . con-gabad do o thana thaib co tiug a oxaille, 2561 . clíabinar ... co ngebethar dó co barrúachtar a dondfúathroci, LU 6557 . go ngabhadh dhó ó fhosadh-mhullach a chinn go a cholpa, ML 112.

(d) g.¤ fa attacks, charges at: ro ghabh fotha amhail faol fo chaorchabh, TFrag. 166.8 . ra ghabhsat ... fo na Loclannaibh, 174.13 . ? gébthir fo mac n-imraichni, Imr. Brain 27 § 57 (see EIL 217 ).​

(e) g.¤ for

(1) assails; attacks: ar gebaid in scol for aréli `one school will attack another,' Wb. 8a7 . gabsait do lorcuibh ... forro, Marco P. § 148 . gebtait forn, Rawl. 132a53 ( Cymmr. xiv 114.13 ). ra gabastar de chlochaib ... bar feraib hE., TBC-LL¹ 4618 . (ar = for) roglac bata ... ┐ rogab orra, ZCP vi 57.26 . Keat. iii 1430 . gabhaidh dá earball air, TSh. 2608.

(2) begins, sets about: gabsat for ól ┐ for aibnius, TBC-LL¹ 999 . ro-gab for toirsi moir, PH 3025 . doghabh for tairchetul, Lism. L. 929 . Marco P. § 114 . (ar= for) rogab ... ar buain in ghuirt, Ériu v 116.2 .

(3) overtakes: gabaid adaig forra, BColm. 78.1 .

(4) outshines, beats, defeats: rogab do chlú for a chlú, LL 50a31 ( Hail Brigit § 25 ). gebthar oirb a dtir nEireand you will be defeated, MR 62.20 .

(5) includes, comprehends: cia hænfocul gebes forna ceit[h]ri ernaili ind Auraicepta, Auraic. 1260.

(6) rules over: gebaid do ṡil ar Erinn, YBL 329a12 ( TMoméra 152.9 ). gēbaid for Liphemaigh, B. in Scáil § 31 . gabhaiss foraibh finnuibh coruibh, ZCP viii 197.6 . gabais for dōine domnaib, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 10 § 5 . mór ríg ro gab for Mide, Arch. Hib. ii 82 § 2.

(f) g.¤ fri:

(1) holds out against, prevails over: ni gebat frib ... i cathaib, SR 4835 . ni gébat frit' gnuis ṅgargdai (sic leg.) buidni borba barbardai, 5015 . ni gébad fri feta in serriti óc amulchach sain, TBC-LL¹ 1961 . ni ragbad riss no resistance was made to him, TFerbe 322 ( LL 255b27 ). nícon gébtar cath no comlonn frit, RC vi 183.10 . xviii 181.z (Tig.). gebaidh side fri dam (of a fence) `it will be a defence against oxen,' Laws iv 112.6 . claideb ... frisna gabtís lúirecha, TTr.² 1000 . ni gabtha friu ar a n-aicenta (of women) they should not be impugned (?) for their natures, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 20 § 11 . gabhaid sealad fri ḟeoil ... ar crabhudh they abstain from meat, TFrag. 124.10 . an tan no-gabdais caingni fer nErenn fris when the affairs of the men of Ireland were too much for (i.e. harrassed) him, ZCP xiii 262.15 . nocho ragaib Find ra ech `F. did not rein in his horse,' RC vii 294.87 . do chogainn crann a chraois[i]dhe (sic leg.) ... go a hionnsma, ionnas gur ab é a cró cruaid ... do ghabhastair re a gheal-dhéadaibh that offered resistance to his teeth, ML 62.19 . nochor béo-sa īarum oc gabāil fris nī bas sīriu, RC xiii 383.8 .

(2) warns, threatens (?): rogebad frind dia caithmis co fuidbemis bas ( LB 110b51 ), MacCarthy 52.15 .

(3) receives, welcomes (?): ro ghabh O Ferghail fris, ┐ do rad ferann dia cethraibh, AFM iv 1018.17 .

(4) commences: gabais fri grisad Cuind, LU 3169.

(g) g.¤ imm

(1) withholds, hides, conceals, refuses, refrains from: is annssa do dāinib gabāil im rūnaib rodochtaibh, Otia iii 49 § 9 . ba galar ... don gillu gabāil im a rūn, 48 § 5 . mian mna torrcha ... ocus ar daigin secdachta ro gabadh im in mbiadh, Laws i 180.6 Comm. ma ro chuindigh sí in biadh, ocus ... is e a fer ro gob im in mbiad, iii 550.14 ; 552.4 . doni eisinnroic don airchindech, mas e gabus uime, v 120.15 . duine do fédfadh maith do dénum ocus gabus uime gan a dénum, SG 40.33 . táinic in fer ros-buail (sc. in liathróit) ina diaidh. Rogab in cerd uimpi, the craftsman refused [to surrender] it, ZCP iv 240.10 . mad ro gabustar gataide im in fiadnaise if the thief withheld evidence, O'Curry 536 ( H 3.18, 265b ).

(2) Leg. distrains (in the matter of) : gaibead imme co n-ímcua `let him be distrained until he fences,' iv 128.4 = gaibet aire, O'D. 2180 ( Rawl. B 487, 66a2 ).

(3) Leg. makes good, compensates, condones (?) : o gebus iman fogail sin, Laws iv 16.13 Comm. foghal no fuaibread duine do denam, o bus cara no coibdeileach do no gebad uimpe, conad ínann do ocus no gabad budein ímpe, 16.18 Comm.

(4) adheres to (?) : mas tria comraiti rucustar ... in gu-breth (sic leg.) ocus ata ac gabail impi if he deliberately gave the false judgment and persists in it (?), Laws iii 304.8 .

(5) refl. dresses, arrays (oneself): lasse gabas immbi (gl. cum ... induerit), Wb. 13d22 . gabais Fráech immi cona muntir, TBFr. 351 ( LL 251b27 ). geib imut is imthigeom, SG 363.28 . Ériu v 156 , 178 . corragbat impu that they may dress, iii 100 § 24 .

(h) g.¤ in assails, belabours : ni gebthar inniut ... rotbia falti, RC viii 52.16 . tallsat in slaitt as a láim cor gabsat ina chend di, PH 3299 . gabhuid do ṡnáthaduibh i súilibh Lionóideach, Hy Fiach. 336.11 . gur ghabhadar da ngaothaibh ann, Keat. iii 3255.

(i) g.¤ la

(1) accepts, sides with, stands by : co ragbatar fir Alban leō ar connalbus, Otia ii 88.1 . gabhaim-si ... let (in answer to an offer of marriage), ZCP vi 283.3 . gab lind mar bar bfilidh féin, ii 348.19 . gin go gabhthasa leam, x 286.9 . gabhaidh Dia leis tar a locht `God forgives him spite of his sins,' A. Ó Dálaigh l.3 . feadh mo ghalair níor ghabh leam Pádraig ... P. did not help me, Dán Dé xiii 5 . ro ghabh an tír ... la Tepoitt, AFM vi 2012.28 . mo rí Gabhra an ngéabhadh lam, TD 12.11 . do ghabh ré n-a dhearbhráthair mar mhac `adopted ... as a son,' Keat. ii 5008 . gabhuimsi lé Pádraig (i.e. instead of the Reformers), Mac Aingil 4333 . prouensi ... gabhus le rīg na Fraingce, Fl. Earls 12.13 . Cf. 190.24 (fri).

(j) g.¤ oc (1) sets about, begins : ro gab ic fostud ... in t-ṡlúaig, TBC-LL¹ 470 ; ib. 1494 . gabaid oc neméle moir, ┐ oc aithrige, PH 814 . gabaidh ... ac snechta, SG 35.8 . gabhmaoid ... ag iompódh a intinne `we attempt ... diverting his mind,' TD 8.27 . (2) sides with, stands by ; passing into sense is partial to, lets off : gab got c[h]omarsain mad fann, ZCP vi 272.3 . dlegar ... co ro-gaba ... ic na fannaib, PH 4157 . a Césair ... ro gabhsum acut, CCath. 541 . sellach slan ... gaibes oca cach nirt ocus cach folud an onlooker (at a deed of violence) is exempt if he comes to their support (i.e. of the injured parties) with all his strength and substance, Laws i 242.7 . gabuid ac lucht mo cille, BCC § 277 . a thigerna, gab agum forgive me, ZCP vi 94.30 . TSh. 3593 . nach gabhann an bás ag druing ar bioth dona daoinibh (i.e. does not pass over), TSh. 50 . gur geb (v.l. gab) gá gáeithib | fúair gach fer a dháeithin díbh till he spared (?) his darts, IGT Decl. ex. 644.

(k) g.¤ ós gains supremacy over : mórrí ... ro gab os Herind, LU 4041 . ro gab ós Mide mongréid, Arch. Hib. ii 82 § 6.

VI Is used in combination with a number of nouns. See achmusán, áilges, aiss, athgabáil, cairdes (alliance), 1 cath, 1 cet, cíall, coinne, comairle, commairge, desimrecht, fáilte, flaithius, forbais, geis, gnáth, goim, 1 grád, 1 gráin, greimm, inad, lám, leithscél, maidm, merg (rust), nert (also trén, 1 treise), ríge, tech, 1 tír, tuinide.

glan

Cite this: eDIL s.v. glan or dil.ie/25974
Last Revised: 2019

 

adj o,ā. IGT Decl. §§ 73 , 40 . clean, pure, clear, bright, exact, complete: a salnn glan (gl. merum), Sg. 70b11 . corrop glan far corp et for n-anim, Wb. 16a20 . glan vel lomm (gl. nudum), 13c22 . na glan (gl. nihil mundum), 31b28 . Ml. 69a18 . arnaib glanaib són (gl. pro intemeratis), 106d13 . is ór nglan, Thes. ii 294.29 . purus .i. glan, Corm. Y 424 . iodhan .i. glan, Eg. Gl. 405 . for a chubus glon (glan v.l.), Fél. 4.11 . clíara ... glana, May 19 . diablad de eclais glain, Laws iv 228.3 . buaile glan a clean booley, v 468.9 Comm. sacart glan pure, ACL iii 222 § 5 . bed glana chenai, Mon. Tall. § 6 . ba glan a chorp o lúbra, PH 469 ; 7447 . dogabsat gloria glan, ZCP viii 114 § 7 . a muinéal glan amal glain clear as crystal, Ériu iv 104 § 52 . lestra glana, Anecd. i 54 § 31 . intan atraiged a ḟerg | nocha baa glan a goedelgc his speech used not to be clear (?) (decent ? An etym. explanation of the name [Enna] Gen-salach), Rawl. 84a53 . ar laoidh féin ní faghthar dath | gan leabhar glan dá chumdach `an exact book in support of it,' Content. vi § 13 . clár ... na sreabh nglan `of limpid streams,' TD 27.13 ; 5.8 . Murchadh ... an bhairr ghloin `bright-haired M.,' 21.21 . faoisidin ghlan an exact confession, Donlevy 268.10 . Of water, fresh as opposed to salt: tochur srotha murgabail, inand ocus tabairt srotha glain `a fresh-water stream,' Laws iii 428.20 . PH.519 . In phonetics: pure (of vowels); na cóig guthaidhe, cía dhíobh as glan no as neamhghlan, IGT Introd. § 1.9 . See also ZCP xii 294.22 - 24 where `a,' `o' and `e' are given as `guthaideada glana,' `i' and `u' as g.¤ nemglana. is airi aderar corab glan iad, ūair nī thēid nī da mbrīg estib tre litrib aile, ib. As subst.: In gramm.: comhrointear guthaigheadha i ndó: .i. i nglanaibh ┐ i n-ionghlanaibh: .i. a trí glana: amhail atá a e o ┐ a dó salcha .i. i u 'vowels are divided in two [categories] i.e. three pure [ones], namely a, e, o and two dirty [ones], i.e. i and u', FS Delorez 7.6 . ba h-aitherradh ar glan ┐ ba coimm ria ccioth (prov. `it was a change for the better ...'), AFM vi 2140.21 . Compar. ní gloine niamh ḟíona a hór, DDána 119.25 . Job xi 17. (For superl.) dí gérait at glainiu, Fél. May 7. Prol. 246 . intan bus glainiu m'anim, ZCP vii 309.2 .

Compds. I glan- clean, clear, pure, bright: ¤abrach having fine eye-brows: do síol Guaire glan-abhraidh, Top. Poems 66.20 . ¤aidbsenach: gean glan-aidbsenach gáire `clear tremendous fit of laughter,' MR 294.5 . ¤áil fair request, SR 5707 ; 6304 . ¤armach of the polished arms, MR 144.5 . TTebe 1942 . ¤bág fair boast: co nglanbaig, SR 5542 . ¤bail pure goodness , Fél. Feb. 11.17 ; May 29 ; June 6 . Lism. L. 2132 . ¤barr bright crown: mad rogab genso glanbarr, ZCP xiii 144 § 1 . ib. § 3 . ¤cairt a clear (i.e. unambiguous) charter: 'na glanchartaigh gil, TD 32.70 . ¤césad martyrdom , Fél. Sept. 7 . ¤cíall pure reason , MacCongl. 111.10 . SR 1582 . ¤cístech (as epithet ?), IT iii 105 § 208 . ¤cor ? a fair cast or lot. glannchor (met. gra.), SR 5142 . ¤corn a polished drinking horn, Acall. 785 . ¤costa pure-footed (gl. Merops which glossator takes as merus pes), Thes. ii 227.24 . ¤cretem pure, orthodox belief , LB 150a3 . Keat. ii 6137 (opp. to eriticecht). ¤cridech pure of heart , PH 5603 . ¤dírge pure justice , SR 3371 . ¤dorncladach rich-hilted , ML 112.17 . ¤fescor a clear evening: g. gaimridh, LL 12a1 . ¤foclach of pure words , AU ii 474.3 . ¤gaisced unstained valour , Cog. 160.17 . ¤genelach illustrious genealogy , SG 18.2 . ¤grianach of the fair gravel: a hAlbain glanghrianaig, IT ii2 131 n. 11 . ¤idpartach (epithet) of the pure offerings: glanedhbartach do Dhia amal Aibel, Lism. L. 2740 . ¤indtlecht clear intellect , Anecd. ii 53.9 . ¤pure hue , SR 2982 . ¤mann pure manna , Fél. Dec. 19 . ¤míad pure honour , SR 3130 . ¤mongach: a Nasarda. A glanmongaich `O Nazarene, O fairhaired One!' (of Christ), Hib. Min. 43.10 . ¤muir the clear sea: co grinnell an glanmara, CF 349 . ¤ór pure gold , Fél. July 26 . ¤órda (of weapons), TBC-I¹ 1777 . ¤radarcach having a clear view, clear-sighted , Oss. iii 56.21 . Donlevy 438.19 . ¤rolla a clean roll : i nglanrolla ... mheamruim, TD 30.9 . ¤ruithnech gleaming, radiant : in grian g., CCath. 259 ; 1262 . ¤rún a pure (i.e. sacred ?) mystery : is mor glanruin na croiche, PH 2378 ; 328 . SR 1614 . iar ttóchaitheamh glanruine cuirp Criost, AFM vi 2134.1 . LB 222b47 . ¤rúnda sincere : sgrúdadh ... glanrúnda do dhéanamh ar na neithibh neamhdha, TSh. 1841.

Prefixed to vn. or vb. : ic glanṡoillsiugadh (of the sun), MR 112.6 . tearc do ghlain-teagair ... | seacht n-airteagail an Aird-ríogh ` fairly ordered ...,' A. Ó Dálaigh xlvii 5.

II glan- as intens. prefix, sheer, thorough, exact : tri choic mili la glanchet with a clear hundred, SR 5026 . Cf. glanḟiche bliadna a clear twenty years, Arch. Hib. ii 95 § 34 ( LL 186a5 ). ¤écht : ba fotha garb din glan-echt for clean destroying, Metr. Dinds. ii 62.14 . ¤gentlide purely heathen : drong ... glaingentligi, Cog. 50.22 . ¤mét clear size, RC viii 346.y ( Ha.1802 ). ¤dúthracht zeal : tré bhruithneadh glan-dúthrachta, TSh. 2253 . ¤pudair a clear mistake , Auraic. 2040 n .

1 glóir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 glóir or dil.ie/26118

 

Forms: glór, glóire, glóir, orddan

n (Lat. gloria ) f. n s. and a s.; also glór (orig. ā, f. g s. glóire; d s. glóir) glory, splendour, ornament : [g]lōir .i. a gloria , Corm. Y 670 . do glór ┐ t' airechas, Thes. ii 318.31 (gl. orddan, Hy. ii 49 ). cen gloir, 314.26 . co ngloraib cruth, SR 597 . cenodoxiae .i. ... na glore escone, Lib. Hymn. i 68 gl. 18 . tanic ... gloir mor ┐ inocbail dóib, Three Hom. 2.22 . gloir marthanach ... duit, a Christ, PH 157 ; 4264 . nách mair indíu folliuchta a nglóre, 4268 . fo bláth ocus fo bithglóir `in ... endless glory,' Metr. Dinds. iii 260.4 . taispenaidh bar n-ór ┐ bar n-indmus ... bar n-glóir ┐ bar n-etaigi `your ... finery and your garments,' Hom. Leg. 43.7 ( LB 134b4 ). almsa ... tria glor ocus tria saidbre (: mōr) `through ostentation and wealth,' Ériu v 22.31 . glóir an bhaile 'na mbíodh sinn | a hionnamhail ní fhaicim `the splendour of the place ...,' Studies 1924, 85 § 3 . lé gleic ghuasachtaigh na glóire díomhaoine, TSh. 184 . Of the fallen angels : is glóir do mhúch a meadhair, | tnúth dhóibh ris an Dúileamhain, Dán Dé v 36 . is mar sin téid seacha glóir an domhain sic transit gloria mundi, TSh. 421 . In the sense triumph, exaltation, uplifting : do chur bhuaidhiortha ar ghlóir Ghall `to trouble the exaltation of the English,' O'Gr. Cat. 513.10 . tillim tar m'ais lán do ghlóir `full of spirits,' TD 22.6 ; 36.13 .

Compds. ¤réimm a triumphal course : go bhfásfadh a uaill a los na glóir-réime 'na mbíodh, TSh. 478 . ¤sealbad possession of glory : ni saidhbhir go glóir-shealbhadh (prov.), Hard. ii 405.13 .

glóire

Cite this: eDIL s.v. glóire or dil.ie/26120

 

n , f. (Lat. gloria ) glory : tainic ... gloiri mhor ┐ indocbail ..., Lism. L. 20 (= glōir, Three Hom. 2.22 ). gairm gu ngloire (sic leg.), 4392 . an tan bhus léir dhamh do ghlóire-se, TSh. 3970.

glúair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. glúair or dil.ie/26161

 

adj i. (variant of 1 glór) clear, bright, pure, brilliant : gluair .i. glan, O'Cl. mo chorpan glan glúair, LU 9925 ( PRIA iii 536 § 24 ). in gái gluair gerthind, SR 6076 . fri muir morgluair, 4074 . tossach gemrid gluair, SCC 30 . Cf. immís cétamuin glúair, LL 167b44 . isind Affraic ard-gluair, 136a9 . cailig fheda man fid ṅgluair, 297b45 . a siur na grēine gluaire, LB 274b4 . tír na ngort nglūair, ZCP viii 228 § 13 . in gabul gluair, TBC-LL¹ 784 . tuaga ... géra gluair (leg. gluaire ?) glainidi, Cog. 162.9 . Of complexion or colour (?) : don allmarach glic gluair fair-skinned (?), ZCP x 34.15 . Cf. Mess Gegra din gabuir glūair, viii 119 § 38 . Of sound : canait ceol ṅgluair, SR 599 . ceoil gluara, 483 ; guth gluair áib uma `clear and sweet as copper's resonance,' SG 241.17 . sceinnid demun re guth nglūair (i.e. of a bell), ACL iii 233 § 4 . na heist-siu risna stoccaib tendgluaire, TTebe 1331 . Of the winds : fri gaoith ngluair, TFrag. 124.20 = AFM i 478.6 . gætha garbgluairi (v.l. garbha glordha), TTebe 3079 . Of persons : i n-diaid Medba mórglúare, TBC-LL¹ 3998 . Gormgal gluair grinn, Rawl. 153a34 . di chumaid Gaind gécaig glúair `radiant G ...,' Metr. Dinds. iii 114.47 . a Christ grind glúair, RC xiii 100.3 . ō fēin glūair d'ibh Caisil, ZCP viii 222 § 4 . Gaídil glūair, Albanuigh aín, x 54.3 . do glé-medón Gáedel nglúar (: Cúan), Metr. Dinds. iv 262.46 . in gaduidhe glúair (of the penitent thief), ZCP x 52.31 . Of abstractions : glōir a gloria .i. glūair ar mēt na glōre, Corm. Y 670 . iar mbethaid gluair glasglain, ZCP vi 265 § 20 . re gail ngluair ngil, viii 106 § 6 . co lín a nglond nglé-mer nglúair, Metr. Dinds. iv 260.26 . tuatha abacc usci uair | gluair conanat i cach dail, Bruchst. § 152 (= in gach O'Mulc. 3 ). As a noun : ? dia do glúair do gamanraid, ZCP viii 321.2 . gluair ṅgle (chev.), SR 203 . ? isin daingen co nglúair graigech `full of horses, clamorous,' Metr. Dinds. iv 106.57 . n. l. co Gluair Fer Muighi Fene, RC xliii 70 § 69.

Compd. ¤cert : in glór glúair-chert `the sure-clear name,' Metr. Dinds. iii 366.6 .

imcaisiu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. imcaisiu or dil.ie/27325

 

Forms: immcaisiu, imchaissin, imcisin, imcaisi, imcisin, n-imcaisin, imcaissiú, imcaisiu, imcaisen, imcissin, imcasain, immchaisni, imcaisne, immcaisiu

n n,[f.] vn. of imm-acci. n s. immcaisiu, Sg. 54a6 . a s. imchaissin, Trip.² 1146. imcisin, Laws iii 6.2 Comm. imcaisi, TBC-LL¹ 5482 (Stowe). g s. imcisin, Laws iii 350.22 Comm. d s. dia n-imcaisin , Ml. 81d3 . oc imcaissiú , BDD § 87 (= imchaisin, BDD² 826 ). do imcaisiu , LU 10792. g du. lár cechtar a d[a] imcaisen , LU 10223. The d s. early comes to be used as n s. and from this arises a new declension: n s. imcissin, LU 8067 ( FB § 3 ). imcasain, SR 5924. g s. immchaisni, RC xxii 394.15 . g du. lar a dá imcaisne , TBC-LL¹ 260.

I

(a) the act of looking around, surveying, beholding, examining: dia n-imcaisin ón `to gaze upon them,' Ml. 81d3 . immcaisiu gl. specimen `inspection,' Sg. 54a6 . dorothlaigset imchaissin Críst gnúis fri gnúis, Trip.² 1146. nisrelic Dauid ... | día n-imcasin don mórslóg, SR 6722. senistir ... | fri soilsi fri imcaissin (of the ark), 2470 . forḟemid a n-imcasain she was unable to perceive them, 2140 . becc náchim-rala húathbás oc imchaisin in trír sin, BDD² 826. nosrirfind ar imchisin | ina flatha atc[h]íu `I should barter it for beholding the kingdom I see,' BColm. 70.14 . fosrocaib for sosta na Temrach do imcaisiu Maigi Breg, LU 10792. dobreth F. líaig Echdach día imcaisiu in tan ro ngab céill for écaib, LU 10732. rongab failte ... og immcasin in tire torrthigh ísin, BB 493b31 . watchfulness: descaid sainti imcaisin, Anecd. iii 15.19 translated `watchfulness is a sign of greed,' ZCP xvii 66 § 58.

(b) the act of contemplating; contemplation, consideration: isind imcisin .i. in contemplatione, in consideratione , Enchir. Aug. 78b . is inna imcaisin adi gl. in cuius conspectu, Ml. 36a15 . imcaissiu na Trinóite | ó gnúis do gnuis tria bithu, SR 8371. imchaisiu Dé (as remedy for `vana gloria '), ZCP iii 28.17 . bithscarad fri imchasin gnuisi De, Ériu ii 142 § 158. iomchaisin .i. féchain. neamh iomchaisin .i. féchain nimhe, O'Cl. piana do imchaisiu ara n-imgabail `contemplation of penalties so as to avoid them,' Ériu vii 138.28 . is iat sin treidhi is coir do imcisin isinn ogam, Auraic. 2901. foresight?, perception: ri tria rath doraiga o chéin | tria imcasin réid roréil ..., SR 3378.

II

(a) (eye)sight, gaze, vision: finne didiu solus imchisin, O'Mulc. 538. suile can imcisin `eyes without sight,' Laws iii 6.2 Comm. suil co n-imcisin no cluas co n-eistecht, 348.13 Comm. ma ro facad ní ... da himcisin isin t[s]uil, 350.22 Comm. suidig th' imcaisin ṅgeir ṅglain | súas co leir dona nemdaib, SR 2115. tocbaidh in dara fer ... a imcaisi co nem, TBC-LL¹ 5482 (Stowe). dlegar dínn ar n-imcaissin do thimorcain, PH 6870. al-leath teit m'imchaisse forsan muir `the direction in which I am gazing over the sea,' RC x 84.16 .

By transf., eye: rinn a roiscc ... ┐ a n-immchaisni fuirri, RC xxii 394.15 . secht ngemma ... for lár cechtar a dimcaisen (=dá imcaisen), LU 10223. fail secht gemma láth ṅgaile | ar lar a dá imcaisne, TBC-LL¹ 260. tar imdoirsib a imcaisi, MR 270.3 .

(b) a sight, a sign; appearance: combái Noe ... | cen taidbsin cen imcasin | di bith buan, acht fairggi fraig, SR 2578. ba duairc laiss a imcasain, 5924 . co mba samalta fria reltannaibh rosholosta a n-imcisin do chén the look of them from afar, TBC-LL¹ 5609. combo fodirc dósom imcissin in tige máir úad assa imdaí, LU 8067 ( FB § 3 ). is deithbeir cid gráin a n-imchaiseo, BDD² 922.

méit, mét

Cite this: eDIL s.v. méit, mét or dil.ie/31852
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: mét, méit, méite, méid, méd, méid, méda, méit, meid, méti, méit

n (see Thurn. Hdb. 179 ) f. n s. mét, Ml. 64d7 , 87d9 etc. (usual O.Ir. form). méit, Wb. 19d23 , cf. 14a3 , Sg. 30a10 . a d s. méit. g s. inna méite , Sg. 151a5 . In later Mid.Ir. and Mod.Ir. also with non-palatal final & somet. masc. méid f., IGT Dec. § 14.17 . méd (lethan), m. g s. méid, méda, § 38.11 .

Greatness, magnitude (of size, quantity, number, extent, degree); somet. inabsol. sense oppd. to smallness, but more commonly indef. denoting size, etc., in general whether great or small. méit, gl. magnitudo, Ir. Gl. 922. ar meit (magnitudine), Ml. 48c10 . ho meit (mole), 81b4 . huan méit (granditate), 122a13 . inna méite (quantitatis), Sg. 151a5 . hi meit ┐ lagait in greatness and smallness, 26a11 . delb mesarda iter mét ┐ laigit, PH 1968. fon lámthorad méit loighet whether great or small, Cáin Ad. § 53 (advbl.). is i a meid .i. mor ┐ beg, Auraic. 676.

I As subst.,

(a) of amount, extent, degree, folld. by part. gen. or DE: co rofessed méit for serce, Wb. 14d16 . mét ┐ trummae ind rucae, Ml. 87d9 . ar meit in gníma, 48c10 . iar mét a pectha, 77a7 . is dirím méit trocaire Dé, PH 6474. for mét a phéne, LB 154b6 . co méit noíbe, Fél. Prol. 6. co mét ṁbuafaid, TBC-LL¹ 3092. figlem, lēgem . . . cach i mmeit a neirt each according to his strength, ACL iii 314.7 . re ro-met a n-itad, Cog. 52.15 . co ngloir ┐ anoir na meti-sea (= cum tanto honore et gloria ), PH 4477 , cf. 4485 . Méit menman high spirit, pride (see 1 menma): leag seol do mhéada menma, P. Bocht 96 § 2 . In alleg. npr.: mac Genna maic Cuitbiudha maic Meite-nach-modh (i.e. excessive greatness or arrogance?), Anecd. ii 57.2 .

(b) of physical size or stature: íar méit chorpdai, LU 2558 ( RC xxv 238 § 9 ). ni ra bi la Ultu láth gaile rosassad leth méite fair who could come up to half his size, FB 91. i cionn a sé mbliadan déc | do ba lór don mhac a mhét, SG 65.3 . ro sháraigh na uili macu ar mét, RC x 188.3 . ra gabastar muad-chloich méti clochi mulind of the size of a millstone, TBC-LL¹ 3728. ingantach leo a roi-mhēd (of a fish), Fl. Earls 64.26 . g s. as attrib.: coica ech dergdond sith-méti of great length and size(?), TFerbe 10 . sluag . . . scíthméite (i.e. so big that it would tire one to count), Metr. Dinds. iii 256.

(c) of number: la mméit inna n-imned, Ml. 95b13 . co méit míle many thousands, Fél. Mar. 17. ba he met in chomthinoil . . . da espuc dec ar tri cetaib, PH 573. rambia fot sáegail ┐ mmed clainne, Ériu ii 210.15 . ni fuil airim ara med do cleirchib, RC xviii 30.33 .

(d) exceptionally in concrete sense: cid ara ndernsat Greic in met romor ut int ech, Aen. 462 (= molem hanc immanis equi, Aeneid ii 150 ). Cf. fer meite coimse `of small means', Laws iv 352.18 Comm. ropo ruiri co ro-méit, LL 127a51 `with exceeding greatness', MacCarthy 154 § 1 ).

(e) common in chevilles: met cath, SR 7235. met gal, 1507 . met rath, 7325 . méit búadae, Fél. Jan. 16. méd n-amm, Metr. Dinds. iii 198. mét snúad, ii 68 . met n-anḟis, Ériu iv 92 § 5. mét barc, LL 8b22 = med mbarc, BB 31a53 .

(f) cia m.¤? how much (many)? cia mmeit (gl. quanta), Ml. 25c4 , (quantum), 26a10 . ce mét aimmser how many times , Sg. 25b16 . ni fetar a rím . . . ca med ros-ordaig Dia pian adbul, PH 7329. ní idir mé gá méad lá, Dán Dé xxii 7. gá mhéd uair doríne an ghoid how often , Mac Aingil 176.19 . cá mhéad ní-sa mhó ná sin how much more , Proverbs xi 31.

II In various stereotyped or idiomatic phrases:

(a) is í (é, ed) mét, with gen. such is the greatness (amount, etc.) of: issí inso méit inna failte, Wb. 19d23 . hisí mét a suidigthe (gl. adeo), Thes. ii 11.40 ( BCr. 18b9 ). ba he mét a n-omain co na boi oen-duine díb cen cretem, PH 2481. ba he med na dochraidi co mba hecin etc., RC xxiv 190 § 1. Similarly: isid méit, Sg. 30a10 . is heid méit, ib. 14 (both gl. quantus).

(b) ní ed a m.¤ (folld. by subord. clause) not only , used in Glosses to transl. Lat. non tantum (solum): ni ed a met demnigmi-ni ar ndligeda not only do we confirm our sayings, Ml. 35b1 . ní ed a m.¤ nad [anad MS.] robae etugud Dǽ desom not only was there no jealousy, 32d10 . ní ed a m.¤ foilsigther ind inne, Sg. 211a10 .

(c) atá de méit (with gen.) so great (much) is . . .: roboi du meit a pecthae-som combu uisse a n-epeltu so great were their sins, Ml. 98c6 . ata do meid a sherce agum co mud duthracht lim feis les so much do I love him, Aen. 679. biaid do met a fergi so great will his anger be, Cog. 94.11 . bá dethbir són ém ce robaí do mét in chotulta boí do mét na athscísi it was natural that the length of (his) sleep should be proportioned to (his) fatigue, TBC-I¹ 1820 = TBC-LL¹ 2471 , where the construction is confused. ata do met is luigtech in dobriathar so weak is the adverb, Auraic. 4232. With poss. pron.: ferais tromṡnechta . . . ┐ baí da mét co roiched co formnaib fer, TBC-LL¹ 625. atá dha mhét d'ulc dorónais . . . nach saílim, etc. thou hast done so much harm, Acall. 3563.

(d) is méite it is much, it is of moment (= Lat. rei interest)? with neg. ní m.¤ it is no great matter; it is not surprising ? ni meite bid machdad forgare forru, Sg. 161b12 ; `not so very wonderful would be command to them' edd. Thes. ni méte dúibsi ni coitsi[d] frinni, Wb. 17b32 (context obscure, prob. corrupt). ní méti do-som an déicsin andiaráid sin, BDD 109 (for suggested emendations of both passages see Ériu x 191 ).

is méite lim(m) I deem it much, of importance; I desire? ba méite limm ni scartha friumm I would fain thou hadst not parted from me (? gl. desiderans te videre), Wb. 29d8 . másu oénadaig . . . fesi dam-sæ la Líadain, | méti la láech nod-fiad | ind adaig ní archriad a layman who would spend the night (with L.) would be fain that it did not wear out (?), Liad. and Cuir. 20.6 . meti [lim] ni badam beó | d'ingnais rig Maige da cheo I had rather not live without, LL 276a41 . meite lais na raitéd in talmain amail sige séig, MS. Mat. 473.4 = meti les no raited in trogain sín sighi se[i]g `he sped over the earth like the darting of a hawk', RC xiii 222.15 . médithir lem na [leg. no?] tairissed cuil . . . form' íarcómla for a déni, MacCongl. 85.6 (where Meyer emends: midithir) may be a reminiscence of this construction (= it would have been all the same to me if a fly . . . had alighted on my posterior?).

ba méite it would be desirable, fitting, natural: bá méte ná cotlad nech oc á imrádud, LU 1368 ( RC xxi 378.11 ). ba méite cach cride rod-car con-bóssad 'it were likely that every heart that loved him should burst', Brislech 668 . bá méte no beth i scélaib . . . a ndoróni Hechtoir, TTr.² 947. (folld. by cond.) ba méte leo ná fagēbtáis a ndoithin debtha co forcenn mbetha . . . Ba méite leo . . . no brufitís múrv na Trói (= it seemed to them they could never glut their desire for combat?), 1465 . uair is e cetna bescno . . . ba mede co mbad leithiu quam gach mbescna it were natural that it should be more comprehensive than any (other) speech, Auraic. 34. méte ann ó chách gan a chleith it were not likely it would be concealed (?), Keat. i p. 192 (poem). ba médi consnaidfi in tíag (= be sure to take great care of), Arch. Hib. iv 204.13 .

For a discussion of the phrase: is (ba) méite, folld. by a dependent subjunctive, see Ériu x 190 - 2 , where Bergin takes it as = it is (would be) likely .

(e) in méit, folld. by rel. clause, as much (many) as; those who (whom): in met fuil o talmain corice suide (i.e. the distance), Laws i 28.17 Comm. in file . . . acras in mhed na dlighenn who claims an amount to which he is not entitled, 58.17 Comm. in met ata a n-oghacht dibh as many of them as are unmarried, ZCP vi 26.19 . na gnéithe . . . nach cóir a ttús chomhfhocal ┐ an mhéd nach cóir 'na ndeireadh those which are incorrect at the end, IGT Introd. § 2. grádhuighim an mhéid grádhuighios mé, Proverbs viii 17. do sgríobhadh na méide a fuaras don tsenchas to write all I could find, MS. Mat. 554.18 .

Similarly with poss. pron. or cach: a méad do lean Lúiceifear, Dán Dé v 12. gach mét do ghairdechus dorinnedur ann, ní féttur a innisin the amount of rejoicing . . . cannot be told, RC xix 146 § 122. gach meit bhias for nech dhe sin, is moidi a anoir leo-som the more of it (tattooing) there is on a person, Marco P. § 119. gach med do arachtus doni the greater your prowess, Aen. 2898.

III As adv.

(a) in méit (acc.) so much, to such a degree: in méit so (gl. adeo), Enchir. Aug. 70a ( ZCP vii 480 ). in meit so (tantum), Ml. 65d5 . in meit se (tam), 93b2 . Sg. 42b6 . Similarly with prep.: arun méit se ni cuming (tam non potest), Thes. ii 6.31 .

(b) méit (acc.?), folld. by subst. in acc. or later gen., as big as = méitithir: dosbili . . . méit gamlías; súili . . . méit chore, FB 91. méit cliab [cleib v.l.] buana in dosbili as large as a reaping-basket, BDD 97. in da míol . . . mett telach no cenn sleibi cechtar de, IT iii 237.76 . anmanda . . . méit eich aighnigh, Anecd. i 53 § 23. Cf. ba meti cend fir in chnú, LL 116b18 . Similarly mé(i)t is: rícisi teneadh . . . met is fiadubla, BB 382b10 . meit is ri habraid a derc (.i. chommeit ri cori), IT i 163.1 . ( LL 208a16 ).

(c) as rel. adv. introducing a subord. clause, as much as, as far as, to the extent that: meit atan echtrainn (= quanto externi sunt), Ml. 72d15 . meit as sochmacht as much as it well can, Thes. ii 2.32 ( Acr. 5d4 ). met nad frithbeir (quantum non obsistit), 36.27 , cf. 19.32 . meid ataí-siu ac cessacht ḟorm-sa, TBC-LL¹ 3695. Similarly with art. or poss. pron.: in mét beta firién in doini, is in méit sin is téchtae doib dilgadche in proportion as men are righteous, forgiveness is fitting for them, Ml. 56a20 . in meit ba glan a chorp . . . is e méit bá glana a ainimm, PH 469. is e a mét ros-lín oman so greatly did fear possess them, 1121 . ba he a mét ro raid so co n-ingantaigtis `such was the force with which he uttered this', 6589 . as e a med ro thuaircset he, Aen. 2329. a mēt rohsantoig nem nār | nach tēt grād inn altōir ūad so much he longed for heaven that love of the altar never left him, ACL iii 306 § 6. beith mar bhím a mhéad as meise mé féin as long as I am myself (i.e. alive), Dán Dé xxiii 17. With prep. ar: is de atberthe in siriti de ar a met no delbad i n-ilrechtaib, FB 75. ar a mét ra thálsat na halma a loim because of the abundance of milk the herds gave, TBC-LL¹ 1591. ni erchoitigfet [na demna] duit ar a mét ro imgabais iat, PH 8342. ar a mét ba forbailid lais in áirc . . . do thorachtain so great was his joy at the arrival of the ark, LB 130b8 . Cf. on meid adaimter i trebad `since (? to the extent that) he is recognized', Laws v 284. 29 , quoted by O'Dav. 1261 with gl. meit .i. uair because (a mistaken inference).

(d) cech méit in proportion (as): cech méit is moo in onoir i mbi nech, is í sin mét is guasacht dó (= quanto maior honor, tanto maius periculum), PH 4114. cach mét ro fhás in gorta . . . is é mét ro erig menma . . . na crechaired, LB 154b18 . Similarly: nach mét bes n-ire ó Adam (gl. quanto posterius quisque), Enchir. Aug. 86b ( ZCP vii 485 ). cacha ra ba di mét a thurse great as was his fatigue, FB 85 (= ce ro bai do meit a toirsi, Eg.) is a contamination of this construction and II (c).

(e) in later lang. with art., folld. by subord. clause, in so far as, inasmuch as, because: dogeb-sa ó Día, an meid as dalta damh é, co ticfidh a trocaire air since he is my foster-son, BCC § 314. an mheid nach lor leat … sinde do bheathughadh, Carswell 2073 , see also Éigse ix 5 . ionnas gur ttugadh, an mhéid gur dhuine é, díol ceart do Dhia inasmuch as he was man, Ó Héodhusa 55.16 . thug [Dia] úghdarras dó . . . an mhéid gurab é mac an duine, John v 27. gurab é an tAthair is tosach don Tríonóid, an mhéid go bhfuil, ┐ gurab uaidh do geineadh an Mac inasmuch as He exists (i.e. is Being), Eochairsg. 38.23 ; 76.23 . With art., followed by agus (ocus): an mhéid agas go bfuilmaoid ar ar dteagasg lét easbul naomhtha, Carswell 1067 . an méid agas go bfuilmaoid diumdhach dhīnd féin, 845 . in mhéid agas go raibhe sé 'na Dhia, 469 .

(f) dá mhéid however great, much (late): is beag gach sochair dá mhéad, Content. vi 188. dá mhéad bhios ag cor 'na cheann no matter how many are against him, xxviii 58 . dá mhéid eagna ┐ neart bhíos aca, TSh. 3500. an tí chuireas a dhóigh i nduine dá mhéid, 618 .

See also méitithir.

rithim(m)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. rithim(m) or dil.ie/35357

 

n m. (Lat. rhythmus) rhythm; strictly of irregular or free verse , acc. to O'Dav. 1219 : amhail roghabh rithim arradh Mettuir, as amhlaidh atāid na baird . . . arradh na ffiledh, Ériu xiii 42.5 ( O'Dav. 47 ). bidh binnius co certus isin metur ┐ binnius cen certus isin rithim; i.e. `rithim' as distinguished from `metur' or metrical verse is rhythm without strict number, but this distinction is not always borne out. tria rithimm doronad int imon-sa, LB 237b12 (LH 65.55 , of the Altus Prosator). tre rithim doronai ocus se sillaba dec in cech line, Lib. Hymn. 84.2 . Ambrosius . . . is e doroine hunc imnum . . . tria rithim dorónad, Fél.² clvii x (of the Gloria in excelsis Deo). molad . . . iarna dhenum tria rithimm, Lism. L. 2673 . amail tuirmhim im rithim no im rioth úamha no certusa, Leb. Gab.(i) i 58 n. 2 (of metrical verse).

saebad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. saebad or dil.ie/35878

 

[u, m.] vn. of 2 saebaid. IGT Verbs § 67 .

(a) act of twisting, contorting : suile ic a s.¤ (i.e. in death), CCath. 6095 . sestan na seolchrand ic sáebad bending LL 236a12 ( TTr. 1415 ). ní seachna nó saobhadh tug C. do'n urchar `swerve aside', ITS xxiv 120.6 . si . . . collum pervertitur . . . .i. da mbia saobhadh no claóine isin muinél, 23 K 42, 50.4 . go nár fhágaibh an ainbhthine . . . seól gan saobhadh untwisted, ML 48.18 . Of unnatural weather: saobhadh na síon, Dán Dé xxxi 12 . saobhadh síne, Keat. Poems 1506 . saobath ēcuisc (as a result of `vana gloria '), ZCP iii 28.14 = saeibath, Ériu vii 174.8 . Of a shipwreck: o'dclos do in saebhudh sin for loingius na T., Marco P. 150 .

(b) act of perverting, leading astray, deceiving : ní dúibsi is soíbud it is not imposing on you, Wb. 10d11 . ni sáibad sin `no deception this!' (cheville), Metr. Dinds. iii 6.49 . oc saebud in popuil o shaebforcetlaib, PH 2584 . deman . . . doluidh do shaobhadh ina sluagh, Anecd. ii 12.10 . Hiruath sin[n]ach saebtha sloig, YBL 138b38 . gur ēcōir do cuir sē s.¤ brēithre ar baisded na Lumbardach (sic leg.?) changed the wording (of a baptismal formula), ZCP xiii 180.35 . In phr. s.¤ céille act of losing one's senses, derangement, folly : saobhadh céille `perverseness of mind', Content. xii 2 . go ccuireann na daoine ar saobhadh céille makes the people lose their senses, Desid. 2931 . See saebchíall.

sís

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sís or dil.ie/37699

 

adv. of motion ( GOI § 483 ).

(a) down, downwards : is s.¤ berair anisiu, Ml. 80c7 . procliuitatis (nó súas) . . . decliuitatis (nó sís), KZ xxix 373.12 . denúas dotiagar hisa tech . . . | sis iar suidiu . . . | dotiagar ass, Thes. ii 292.20 ( Ml. Poems II ). o muilind sis (of a river), Laws iv 220.4 Comm . bertair suas co firmimint . . . telciter s.¤ i fudamain iffir[n]d, LU 2203 . tollécet a lláma s.¤ , 8995 (H). telcid s.¤ na seólo, BDD² 434 . sech a adbrond sis, TBC-LL¹ 902 . ic tindsaitin a fola sell s.¤ , 686 . tabar mo chenn s.¤ ┐ mo chossa suas, PH 1888 . telcem gnusi ses .i. co lar, LB 261b41 (?: bēs). broit . . . o slindenaib sis, TTebe 1528 . d'éis an bháis ní bhéara sibh-se | síos fan dtalmhain . . . | buar ná cuaigh ná earradh óir, DDána 43.5 . troigh síos nocha deachaidh dhíbh `the amount of these terms has not decreased by a single step', Aithd. D. 31.8 . uaidh síos (of position at table), TD 9.12 . an ghrian ar ndul siar is síos di, Keat. Poems 877 . ní racha a ghlóir síos leis (neque descendet cum eo gloria eius), TSh. 2826 . an tan do luighmid síos, Donlevy 400.11 . sgríobhadh síos, madh is duine leiteardha, 322.1 . gur féidir ré leinibh . . . rioth síos agus suas, ib. vii 1 .

téit sís, do-icc sís intervenes, mediates : in fer edrana coitcinde do chuaid sis `the impartial man who interferes between them', Laws iii 238.22 Comm . (cf. ib. 15 and . . . tainic [sis], 236.24 Comm . ). gealladh dol síos ar ar son, DDána 21.20 . im chéid-theacht síos, Content. xiv 55 .

cuirid sís sets forth, relates, describes : na comharthadha . . . do chor síos ann so, TSh. 1550 . a smuaineadh . . . do chur síos go hathchumair do'n tsagart (in confession), Eochairsg. 92.35 . air na míniughadh ┐ air na cur síos go leathadach, Donlevy 60.7 . is i an Ghaoidheilg . . . is coitchinne do cuireadh síos ann, ib. xxii 15 .

(b) northwards : ní rach síos ó Chruachain Chuinn | 's nach thíos uathaibh do anfuinn, DDána 88.35 . da leanmain tar sliabh síos, AFM iv 710.12 .

(c) in some exx. the idea of motion is considerably attenuated: leth bis sis de do cur suas de (of a cloak), Laws i 300.18 Comm . co n-accae in slóg s.¤ úad, MU² 954 . co tuc in leth ro boí s.¤ d'Hérind do Thúaith Dé Danann et in leth aile do Maccaib Míled, 5 . do chrochais is a cheann síos | Peadar apsdal, DDána 50.16 . abair iad mar atáid síos is an tsoisgeul, Donlevy 200.17 . síos ┐ suas air feadh an leabhair-se, ib. v 15 . In late texts somet. lenited = thís: cosamhlacht aoin-neithe . . . dá bhfuil air neamh shuas, no air talamh shíos, ib. 56.y .

(d) in referring to what follows in writing, below; onwards, throughout : is báile inso s.¤ as incertus `this below is a place that is incertus', Thes. ii 45.11 ( Ardm. 11a2 ). beím foris inso s.¤ uile `all this below is a recapitulation', Wb. 25c18 . ithé gními epscuip asmbeir s.¤ , 28b20 . forsaní as né silias ┐ as né taceas trachtid anisiu s.¤ , Ml. 48a6 . issí immurgu in chiall hua aliter s.¤ from 'aliter' onwards, 101c6 - 7 . foxlidi tres diil inso s.¤ , `these below are ablatives of the third declension', Sg. 104b1 . incipit cain tsaorrthadh ind so sis (heading of tract), Laws ii 194.1 . asbert som in laid seo s.¤ , IT i 131.23 . debethi guilbneach recomarcach sis inso, MacCarthy 132.1 . cesad Stephain in-sin anuas: do fáillsiugud a chuirp so sis, PH 1482 . is . . . ar a ghnéithibh laibheóram san trácht so síos, TSh. 30 . mar sin s.¤ in aimser sin so throughout (is) this tense, IGT Verbs § 1 (p. 168.10) . ionnus go mbí an cédphecadh 'na chúis 'gan dara pecadh, ┐ an dara pecadh . . . 'na chúis 'gan treas pecadh, ┐ mar sin síos, Mac Aingil 57.10 .

(e) of time, on, onwards: go meadhón gach laoi ┐ . . . assin síos from that on, CF Eg. 345 .

úaibrech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. úaibrech or dil.ie/42605

 

Forms: úabrach, úaibreach, úabrach, huaibrecha

adj o-ā proud, arrogant, vain (cf. úabrach). Accord. to IGT, Decl. § 17 úaibreach is a dialectical form, úabrach the correct one.

pn Of persons: Ri dorigne nem noithech, | ni húaibrech, ... (of God), SR 14 . airig sil uaibrig Adaim, 2738 . do chiniud uaibrech Adaim, LL 6b35 . feart Alaxandair uaibhrigh (a standing epithet), IT ii2 3x . forsan rígh nuaibrech, BNnÉ 322 § 31 . rí uaibhreach anfhlaitheach, TSh. 52 . Lúisifear ... | fear meallta an mhacaoimh uaibhrigh, A. Ó Dálaigh l. 12 . don aingeal uaibhreach (i.e. Lucifer), § 14 . muinntir uaibrech in rig, MR 18.9 . fear magaidh úaibhreach proud scorner , Proverbs xxi 24 .

Of horses high-spirited : fri glomraib ... na n-ech n-uaibrech, LB 152b33 . ór agus eich uaibhreacha, TSh. 5963 .

Of things and abstracts: indocbail huaibrech (gl. vana gloria ), Ériu vii 172.31 . fri indocbail n-uaibrigh, Ériu vii 136.4 . féuchuin uáibhreach a proud look , Proverbs vi 17 . maigri geal a glais úaibrigh ..., IGT, Decl. ex. 676 .

With for, ar: géarsam uaibhreach orra sain `though I was haughty to them,' Ir. Monthly 1920, 112.45 ( DDána p. 228 ). Adv. goileann go fíor-uaibhreach, O'Rah. iv 29 .

As subst.: do imearg tú an tuáibhreach, Psalms cxix 21 . leagfuidh an Tighearna tigh an uáibhrigh, Proverbs xv 25 . v s f. a uaibrech inchlanda in étraid (to the body), PH 8238 . pl. inna huaibrecha (gl. profanitates gentium), Ml. 75c2 = `res inanes, fallaces,' Ascoli.

1 úall, úaill

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 úall, úaill or dil.ie/42708

 

Forms: úaill, úall, huall, huall, uall, huaille, huail

n ā, f. (later also o, m., see IGT, Decl. § 96 ) pride, arrogance, vainglory : uaill .i. diomas no mead meanman `pride, pomp, parade, vainglory' P. O'C. : ūall .i. ō āille asberar, Corm. Y 1280 . úaill .i. diomas, O'Cl. úaill f., IGT., Decl. § 14 . úall m. (ón úall innud ...) § 96 .

In Glosses renders elatio, arrogantia : n s. ind huall , Ml. 28a1 , 51a11 . ind huile huall , 43c17 . cech uall , 57a11 . ba maith són act ní bed uall and, Wb. 10b27 . nachinrogba úall, 15d40 . oidrogbad huall ... tria molad doibsom, Ml. 39d22 . connachgabad huall de, 69a17 . rosgab hual dí imbiud a soinmiche, 57c13 . tan it sáithech notgeib úall [sic leg.] ZCP vii 268 § 5 . cid as dech do laec ? ... gnim ard ┐ uaill isil ol in ingen, ZCP xiii 272 § 20 . is col i ndálaib in domain úall cen trebad `pride without husbandry,' Tec. Corm. § 11 . an uall dom char san chéimse | truagh ┐ nar an mh'uaillse (: uaisle), P.Bocht 12 § 16 . bá marb Rúad ... | huall betha badb cach catha, LL 21a32 . ferg, ┐ brón, ┐ uaill, PH 8388 . an uaill aigeanta do fhás roimhe sin ann, TSh. 686 . uáill na ndaoine, Isaiah ii 11 . na bí [bíodh, 1681 ] úaill ort ... ma bhiónn uáill ort, Romans xi 18 . ná déantar leat éagnach ná uaill níos mó, Keat. Poems 299 . a s. ni tabir uáil ... fornn, Wb. 16a1 . in tan dorolaig Dia do in n-uaill dorigni, Ml. 50d15 . frisinnuall (leg. -uaill ?) (gl. adversum inflationem mentis), 68c1 . With do-gní : maircc doní uaill as óige, Ériu viii 90. 228 . a ghille, | do-ní uaill as do ghile, Dánta Gr. 106.6 . mana derna eisde úaill | ga meisde búaidh ndealbha ar dhúil, IGT, Decl. ex. 1029 . na ndenad (i.e. the king) uaill na diumus, PH 4255 . nách diongnadh ... uáill [aisde féin] ina ḟiádhnaise, 1 Corinth. i 29 . do-gní ú.¤ for acts proudly towards : na dernat uaill na uabur fors-na bochtaib, PH 7877 . téit i n-ú.¤ for: gibé do rachadh i n-uaill ar na sagartaibh, ┐ ná tiubhradh ómós doibh, Eochairsg. 75.19 . ag dul i n-úaill becoming proud : atáid cúain an chon otraigh | ag dol a n-úaill (v.l. nuall) n-imarcaidh, IGT, Decl. ex. 1724 . g s. inna huaille (gl. iactantiae), Ml. 33b17 . trūail .i. dīr ūailli í, Corm. Y 1240 . notal .i. not ūaille .i. comartha ūaille hé, 979 . co n-appad éc n-ualle fort, LU 4156 (= Metr. Dinds. ii 12.40 ). mór in gním n-úalle do rind, 4151 (`the proud feat of the spear,' Metr. Dinds. ii 12 ). Mátchím curaid Cualṅge | co n-adabraib ualle, TBC-LL¹ 3358 . cend side gascidh ┐ úaille ┐ díumais ... in betha, TTr.² 96 . áine uaille, ar chuncid molta o dóinib, amal dogniat na brecaire (in a list of fasts which deserve no reward), PH 8368 . ní hadhbhar uaille dhamh-sa, A. Ó Dálaigh xxviii 7 . Cf. a h-ádhbharaibh uaille `from motives of ambition,' ML 118.3 . sgath m'uaille níor fhulair dhamh | do leigean síos ré séanadh, Dán Dé xxii 6 ( YBL 401a ). fíon nach eochair uaille aniugh `source of elation,' Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 30 § 7 . d s. huand uaill rodgab són (gl. ab exaltatione), Ml. 49a3 . ho huail (gl. gloria ), 43a13 . d'uaill a healadhain `from pride of learning,' Content. ix 24 . a bhfuil d'uaill sa[n] ḟiuchadh, viii 8 . B. mac P. doluid co fuaill (ar uaill v.l.) ┐ imtholtain o [a] athair a hErind, Dinds. 145 .

Fig. in the sense of the best, the flower, the pride : do-chúadar re cois an íarla | a híath Ereann ... | úall is engnam gasradh nGrég, IGT, Decl. ex. 1075 . ná tréig orra úall do sgor | léig do longa a cúan chluthar, ex. 1740 .

Compds. : ¤briathar a haughty word : uaill-briathra Ulad d'ísliugad, MR 144.12 . ¤chath a proud host : do badh díol teineadh don uall-chath Eamhna-sain, Ir. Monthly 1920, 651 § 16 . ¤menmnach proud-minded : gur bho hiomárd uaibhreach, ¤mheanmnach, freagartha ... na dtonn, ML 44 y . ¤mer proud and lively : ag seasamh go huaillmhear, Keat. Poems 1451 . uaillmian, highmindedness, ambition : an díomsach, 'na mbí uaillmhian ré forlamhas flaithis ... d'fhagháil, TSh. 7518 . ar bhfiabhrais-ne an uaill-mhian febris nostra ambitio est 7887 . ¤mianach ambitious : an tan chuireas roimhe go huaillmhianach céim do rochtain, Keat. ii 3168 .

úasal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. úasal or dil.ie/42796
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: ūassal, uasal, huasil, huasail, úaisliu, húaisliu, huaisliu, huaislimem, uasal, huaisle, huaisli, uasalathair, úasalathraig, huasalfichire, huasalgabáltaid, huasallieig, huasalsacart, huasalterchomrictid

(in pl. as -i- stem) adj. and subst.

adj I o-ā high, lofty ; metaph. noble, honourable : ūassal .i. ūassa fil, Corm. Y 1276 . uasal .i. oirrdric, Lec. Gl. 23 . altus .i. uasal a laidin sin, 235 . is ind athig huasil .i. moir (gl. sublime) `in a high wind,' Ml. 57c12 . huasil (gl. summa), 56a10 . huasail (gl. summates), Sg. 200b2 . frisna duli huaisli `to the high elements,' Ml. 55d8 . Of persons : Germán martir úasal, Fél. Feb. 4 . ri huasal, SR 565.832 . slúag Euagair úasail, Fél. Apr. 3 . athair Iohain uasail Babtaist, SR 7458 . fri hapstal n-ūasal, Corm. Y 1224 . ar in flaithius suthain na da apstal uasli, PH 1627 . Of places : ós Egeipt uasail, SR. 3380 . Ri rothidnacht do chlainn Chaim | in n-Affraic n-uasail, 2658 . Mellán Inse húasle, Fél. Feb. 7 . frisrócaib nem ṅ-uasal he ascended to high heaven, Oct. 24 . Of things : etha aird osil of tall noble corn, AM 73.19 . ind arc huasal, SR 4905 . batar i cachtaib ... | fo smachtaib huaislib Ioséiph, 3162 . Of jewels : le a chloich n-uasoil, `with his precious stone,' TD 22a40 . atáid soimhianuighthe tar ór ┐ tar chlochaibh uaisle, TSh. 10684 . ináid na clocha ūaisle, Proverbs iii 15 . Metaph. : genfedit teora gemma uaisle ... uaib, Trip. 462.16 . Of a tale : atá sgéal uasal eile | agam ar an aithreighe, A. Ó Dálaigh li 13 .

Contr. with ísel : sírid in rindide ṅ-uile ó hisul co huasal, BCr. 33d3 . d'eidirdeliughadh onóra gach aoin ... otha íseal go hu.¤ , AFM i 44.1 . o a fomhámaighthibh o tha u.¤ co híseal, 116y . o u.¤, o isal, Ir. Lit. 14.22 . bid ú.¤ cid ísel, Tec. Corm. § 31.30 . d'fhearaibh Uladh idir íseal agus u.¤ , ITS xxiv 136.28 . ní bfhuilid siad ísiol ná u.¤ (of decayed nobility, PCT 901 . Lordly, haughty (?) : do bhí sé uasal d'uaislibh fíre, do bhí re a thaoibh sin d'íslibh íseal, Keat. Poems 771 . Generous (?) : Ua Ruairc do b'u.¤ le deóruidhibh `who behaved nobly to,' O'Rah. xxii 46 .

Compar. : bad úaisliu cách lialaile oldaas fessin, Wb. 23c15 . is úaisliu cach céitbuid córe, 24b4 . úaisliu són, 19d21 . do eim ... in clī innī besid nīsle, do emar som ōnni besad n-ūaisliu, Corm. Y 275 . uaisliu doib Dia, SR 5852 . húaisliu (gl. eminentior), BCr. 33d9 . is huaisliu cech duil a ndaratad don doinacht `is above every creature,' Ml. 25a1 . it huaisliu cách `Thou art higher than all,' 108d2 (gl. transcendis). at huaisliu oldate nime (gl. celsiorem) 126c9 . is huaisliu a folud saidi ... oldatae in doini `nobler,' 112b20 . huaisliu (gl. sublimior), 32a15 . (gl. sublimioribus) 116a10 . (gl. superior) 71b13 ; (gl. superioris), 32a17 ; (gl. superiore), 49a21 ; (gl. superiores), 113c9 . uasliu cech rád `nobler than any saying,' Ériu ix 46 § 13 ( LL 147b26 ). uaisliu in cend innāit na buill, 48 § 24 . uaisli lē a clann re Cathlán, Irish Texts ii 3 § 15 . is ro uáisle na ór, 1 Peter i 7 . Adv. : indhuaisliu oldáte cedair leuain `more loftily than,' Ml. 48c21 .

Superl. : huare it hé ata huáislem ánd, Ml. 116a11 . huaislimem (gl. altissimum), 28d14 . huaislium rígaib rígda gein, | rí rogenair i mBetheil, SR 7521 . gnim as úaisliu, Fél. Oct. 23 . a Christ as uaisliu, ib. Ep. 319 . is siad féin is uaisle d'ḟuil, TD 17.21 .

n II Subst.

(a) a lofty place : dind .i. cnoc nó uasal nó aibind, Lec. Gl. 83 . is bennachda in t-íí tanic chucaind i n-anmaim in Choimded, ┐ no-n-slanaig is-na huaislib, PH 4386 . Gloir do Dia is-na huaislib ` Gloria in excelsis Deo', 4788 . Of incense : ... uair athascnaid a de-side ... i n-uaislib nime, 7020 .

(b) a noble : uasal d'aibigh ó ríghthibh é, O'Rah. xi 17 . fem. an uasal mhaordha, xxxiv 110 . nách raibhe R. acht 'na uasal `a [private] gentleman,' AFM v 1726.16 . pl. na huaisle , TSh. 71 . uaisli ocus ard-mhaithi Erenn, MR 140.3 . droṅg d. d'arbrib aṅgel | na n-uasal, na n-archaṅgel, SR 792 . drong d'uaislibh F., AFM ii 1022.13 . colcaid ... .i. coimēd cādusa ī, ar is la hūaislib bīs, Corm. Y 341 . mó do sceile ég an ḟir | iná céd eili d'úaislib, IGT, Decl. ex. 60 .

See also u.¤ ┐ ísel, above under I.

As npr. f. : Uasal oen-gel, ben Ḟaelain, Metr. Dinds. iv 342.31 . U.¤ ingen Subni, v 144 ( LL 169b marg. inf. ). mors hUaisle filiae Suibni, AU 642 =bass Uasle, etc., RC xvii 186 (Tig.).

(c) Of things : inna huaisli (gl. summa), Ml. 48b7 . is airi asindet som donaib huaislib i ndiad inna n-ísel, 40c20 .

Compds. : úasal-athair m. a patriarch : uasalathair (gl. patriarcha), Ir. Gl. 13 . is Cathair is uasalathair do ṡaerclannaib Lagen ` ancestor ,' RC xx 418.3 . pl. úasalathraig ┐ fáde, LU 1990 ( FA 6 ). Húasalathraig, fáithi, Fél. Ep. 13 . drong fáithe ..., proféta ..., uasalathraig guidme, ib. 243 . i n-ernaigthib hūasalathrach, Thes. ii 355.8 . i n-oentaid úasalathrach, LU 2489 . dilig dam cach cin romgab | ar fairinn na n-húasalathar, SR 7812 . a Isu ... a chrid-serc uasal-aithrech, Ir. Lit. 40.8 ( ¤athrach v.l.). adhnacal inna n-uasalaithrech .i. Adhamh ┐ Abraham ┐ Iacop, Maund. 51 . a cosmailecht cheneoil ... na n-uasalaithrech, MR 116.7 . do húasalathrachaib et fáthib et apstalib, Wb. 30d1 . ¤bráthair noble kinsman : o aimsir bhar n-uasal-brathar, MR 126.14 . ¤chaín gentle and noble : airdrigan uasalchain, Ériu v 146.16 . ¤dechon m. an archdeacon : Trip. 104.25 . ¤eclais : go huasail-eclais S. Iulio `great church,' Fl. Earls 132y . ¤espoc : Cellach comurba Padraic, uasaleaspoc Erenn, RC xviii 52.4 . ¤fích : cusin (n-ua)sal(fích) (gl. ad Areopagum Acts xvii 19 ), Thes. i 497 ( Ardm. 182a2 ). ¤fíchire : huasalfichire (gl. Areopagita, Acts xvii 34 ), Thes. i 497 ( Ardm. 182b2 ). ¤gabáltaid `high-holder' : huasalgabáltaid (gl. arquitenens), Sg. 24a9 . ¤grád high orders : nach epscop dobeir ūasalgrada for nech nā bí tūalaing [a] n-airberta, Ériu i 218 § 3 . Rule of Tallaght § 59 . toitim fo uasal-grad, § 38 . ¤inntlechtach : ier n-a gabāil go glic uassail-inntlechtach (of a besieged city), `with ability' Fl. Earls 30.23 . ¤lieig : huasallieig principal physician (gl. archiater), BCr. 35a1 . ¤martīr : mar uassal-martīr, Fl. Earls 206y . ¤mór noble and great : Almu uassalmór, Acall. 3365 . ¤nóemtha : an sēpēl uassal-naomhtha, Fl. Earls 146.13 . ¤peinntélad : ierna uassal-peinntēladh nobly painted , 178.3 . ¤sacart archpriest, high priest : huasalsacart he, Trip. 8.5 . Calpuirnd ainm a athar .i. uasalsacart, ACL iii 8 § 3 . Arón ... | ba huasalsacart húasaib, SR 4910 . a chethri maicc ... | Aron ind huasalsacairt, 4902 . a uasalsagairt na huile dul ( O High-priest of all creation ), Ir. Lit. 2.30 . ¤terchomrictid ruler of a synagogue : huasalterchomrictid (gl. archisynagogus) Thes. i 497 . ¤techtaire chief messenger : ind Archaiṅgil ... | ithé na uasaltechtaire, SR 692 . ¤toirrchess : gur glacus ... in t-uassal-toirrchess, Fl. Earls 116.16 . ¤tres a noble battle MR 94.12 .

1 uisse

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 uisse or dil.ie/43080

 

Forms: huissi, uissiu

adj io-iā just, right, fitting : iss u.¤ (gl. iustum est, Ephesians vi 1 ), Wb. 22c21 . is do is u.¤ gloria (gl. cui est gloria ), 18c5 . is hu.¤ a imgabáil, 9d6 . is u.¤ grad nepscuip do thabirt forru, 28c8 . roboi du meit a pecthae som combu u.¤ a n-epeltu in oinecht, Ml. 98c6 . is hu.¤ a molath (gl. laudandus, laude dignus), Sg. 59b4 . húise a ṡerc (gl. amandus, dignus amari), ib. 5 . compare ib. 6 , 7 . cumtach bas u.¤ fri hiriss, Wb. 28b9 . ba u.¤ ce notectad ilgotha `it were right that it should possess,' Sg. 197a11 . ba huisse (.i. ba coru) | soillse fri éitsecht na nóeb, Thes. ii 320.2 . pl. it huissi (gl. digni sunt [morte]), Wb. 1c7 . huissi do dígail forru (gl. uasa irae apta [in interitum]), 4c36 . Compar.: is uissiu duit (gl. sectare vero iustitiam 1 Timothy vi 11 ), Wb. 29b24 . ba uissiu són quam inflatio , 9b1 . Cf. 18c10 . ba uissiu dúib oldáte pecthe do buid and, 9d13 . is uissiu (v.l. is coir) a bas ┐ a éc ... ind ḟir coṅgreiss in rig samlaid, TBC-LL¹ 4741 = ba hisa, TBC-I¹ 2996 (Wi. compares usa .i. cóir; bá husa .i. ba cóir, O'Cl.).