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airbert

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airbert or dil.ie/1622

 

Forms: oirbeart, -irt, -ta, oirbhirt, -e, -a

n f. Inflected partly as i- partly as a-stem, see GOI p. 449 . Later also m. oirbeart (g s. and n p. -irt, -ta) m., IGT Decl. § 25 . oirbhirt (g s. and n p. -e, -a) f. § 42 . Vn. of ar-beir. IGT Verbs § 83 .

(a) act of using, employing, exercising, practising: epscop dobeir ūasalgráda for nech nā bī tūalaing [a] n-airberta eter chrābud ┐ léigend ( i c. ┐ l., LB 11b46 ), Ériu i 218 § 3 . a.¤ bansgál i n-orgain using women in warfare, Cáin Ad. § 52 . In phrase a.¤ gaiscid: robai C. oc a.¤ (airimbert v.l.) gaiscid hi tuaimim a scēith, TBC-I¹ 1507 . combu thúalaing airbirt gascid, LU 1668 . in tan ro scáig do chách a.¤ a gaiscid, BDD² 1090 .

(b) Hence without qualifying word heroic deed, exploit: intan is mac bec dogní in a.¤ ucut who performs that feat of arms, Ériu i 114 § 3 . Alb na na.¤ , LL 21620 . ro molsat uili maithi na Tr. in oirbert ro triallsat praised the undertaking, Aen. 2087 . do ronsat airbirt tenn treorach attempt, Acall. 3408 . gibé oirbheart do-né neach / ní hoirdhearc é gan eineach `whatever exploit one may do', Studies 1924, 244 § 25 . minic do-rinnis-si . . . oirbheart nā budh nār do neach, O'R. Poems 415 . prowess. valour, courage: a uaisle a oirbheart . . . ag díon clú coróna Saghsan, Aithd. D. 25.17 . an t-Alaxandar . . . tanaiste . . . ar oirbert, Cog. 204.6 . gebtaitt . . . cuicced Ulad re nerbert `by prowess', Fen. 276.16 . imarbaidh einigh ┐ engnamha ┐ oirbearta na h-Erenn . . . d'imradh, MR 94.19 . fer co n-a.¤ , SG 18.33 . an tan ráinig Irial san ríoghacht ┐ doghabh oirbheart ┐ arrachtas ré a ais, Keat. ii 1829 . a.¤ .i. treoir, O'Cl.

(c) Of labour in general exertion, effort: roimigh A. lé oirbert féin `by his own effort', Ériu iii 166 § 22 . acht do rachad rea oirbert fein ina tir duthchais, Ann. Conn. 1315.9 . ni ar a n-a.¤ fein tangatar they did not come of their own will, O'Curry 2536 ( Eg. 88, 44(45)d ). oirbert no imram do denam, CF 57 . tús oirbheart ann mar do éirigh when He began to do things (of Christ), Aithd. D. 77.1 . do-ghéan uime mh'oirbheirt féin I will take my own measures about it, DDána 101.28 . Of making preparation: dēna fēin t'a.¤ colēic (of one being banished), Ériu iii 154 § 8 . In phrase a.¤ catha war equipment (cf. airmert): niba hannsa . . . gabail na nelipint sea fria hairbirt catha sin with that(?) war gear, BB 496a24 (IT ii2 101.) ro gabad . . . airberta in catha, Alex. 575 .

(d) act of practising law, pleading: tar a.¤ faesma in spite of protection being pleaded, Laws i 100.8 Comm. ni tathbongar a.¤ la aneolus, O'Curry 418 ( H 3.18, p. 229b ). dia ndernut serbus oc airbiurt, Laws i 296.4 Comm. recht nairberta .i. cin roairde cin roisli, O'Curry 2280 ( Eg. 88 fo. 21(22)a ). cin astad nairberta, O'Curry 813 ( H 3.18, 375b ). astad airberta ┐ a.¤ aoi iarna hastad, O'D. 560 ( H 3.17, c. 439 ). a ha.¤ feichemnais ┐ breithemnais, Laws iii 90.13 Comm. gan airbhert n-imṡena, Ériu xiii 27.29 ( O'Dav. 161 ). tri cumtaig gáisse . . . dagaigni do airbirt, Triads 178 . aigni airberta (special type of pleader), Ir. Recht 46.x . In phrase bérla n-airberta language of pleading(?): cloch, trī anmann lé .i. onn a īarmbērla, cloch a gnāthbērla, cloech a bērla n-airberta ar inní chlōes cach raod, Corm. Y 213 (or in meaning (e)?).

(e) import, use, application of words: bunad ┐ inde ┐ a.¤ conagar don focul is senchus, Laws i 30.y Comm. eitged . . . a a.¤ .i. a eipert fir ani nach [follus .i.] scoth is in focul [budein], co fagabar and trena tur, iii 90.16 Comm. insci .i. scientia (.i. ecna) a bunadh Laitne. Scothenga a a.¤ , Auraic. 571 . fid fundamentum a bunad Laitne fo edh a hinni fotha no fid ae a a.¤ , 763 . atat da aithfeghad for imchomarc .i. imchomarc iar n-inni thoirni ┐ imchomarc iar n-airbhirt nanairbirenn bith, 1895 . airbheart .i. tuigsi no ciall, O'Cl. cumgi airberta (of women), LL 344d34 . Note also: a.¤ .i. aircetal, ut est a.¤ cin [cil-]ceill .i. do denum cen claon ceille, O'Dav. 49 .

(f) In phrase a.¤ biuth (bith) (d s. of 1 bith world, see GOI p. 162 ) act of using, enjoying: a.¤ biuth comlabrae gl. bonorum ussu `the use of speech', Ml. 59a10 . ind erbert biuth gl. ut ipsarum rerum possit illis manere certa profussio uel functio, 68b14 . Esp. of food: ba ṅdílmain dossom a.¤ biuth di thorud a precepte, Wb. 10d14 . cid tol dó a.¤ biuth inna túare, 11b18 . rann aile do airbirt bith doibsom `another part to be eaten by them', 10d18 . oc airbirt biuth coirp Crist, 11b14 . do erbeirt biuth gl. esui, Ml. 20d1 . ind erbert biuth, 61c9 . ar a.¤ bith don crann urgartha . . . .i. ar na.¤ do roinne da bethughadh im chaithem thora[idh] in crainn, O'Curry 1750 ( 23 Q 6, 33 b ). edam .i. airbirt bith .i. edo , Corm. Y 518 . Hence of sustenance, food-supplies: riagail im aon airbirt bith o noin do noin one meal, Laws iii 14.21 Comm. an ccuimge a rabattar d'esbaidh airberta bith, AFM vi 2252.3 . tria aidilge airberta bith do beith for an mbárda in consequence of the warders' needing food, 2140.15 . do cuingheadh . . . airberta bith uirfheóla, Hugh Roe 272.10 (fo. 72a) . ag goid bhar nathardha ┐ bhar nairbherta bith foraibh, 208.26 (fo. 55b) . Note also: cid saill, cid feoil a a.¤ `whether his repast be . . .', Ériu iii 104 § 34 .

Later also use, custom, habit, mode of life: is ar chol dorímther leo dún ar n-a.¤ bith ┐ ar fógnam do dúilib dé, Alex. 925 . fogníatt dia na.¤ bioth ┐ bestatadh, Hugh Roe 178.y (fo. 48a ). ar deismirecht a betha inmedhonaigh, ┐ a a.¤ bith cach laithi, BNnÉ 19 § 42 . airbheart bith .i. beatha, O'Cl. aen airbeirt bith gl. catholicus, O'Curry 91 ( H 3.18, 66 ).

cloch

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cloch or dil.ie/9550
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: cloch, clach, claiche

n ā, f. cloch f., IGT Decl. § 39 . clach f., § 40 (forms claich, claiche proscribed).

(a) stone, rock; stone (as building etc. material): beim a cinn fri cloich, Ml. 139c3 . dambidc Semei di chlochaib `pelted him with stones', 58c4 . din chloich dorigne saland, Thes. ii 338.1 (Hy. v). borg Emma ro tetha, / acht mairte a clocha, Fél. Prol. 194 . c.¤, trī anmann lé .i. onn a īarmbērla, c.¤ a gnāthbērla, cloech a bērla n-airberta, Corm. Y 213 . lapis lasin Laitneoir, c.¤ lasin nGaedel; petra lasin Laitneoir, ail lasin nGaedel: sropula lasin Laitneoir, carrach lasin nGaedel, Auraic. 1086 . c.¤ (no ael) ┐ onn ┐ ailcne . . . is iat sin cenela c.¤ , 1088 - 89 . ro-dluigit na clocha (= petrae scise sunt), PH 3367 . doberat cloich cach fir leó do chur chairnd, LU 7029 ( BDD 67 ). dolleici a cend immon cloich co n-derna brúrig dia cind, IT i 82.3 ( LMU 19 ). c.¤ for fott, no fott for carruig, Laws v 270.26 Comm. (as a fence). c.¤ tarsiu fa tri fiad fiathnaisib, ii 118.10 Comm. (in distraining dry cattle). di chlochaib ┐ carrgib ┐ ailénaib in mara, TBC-LL¹ 1330 . bale i mbia fa chloich, LL 18899 (`where you will be buried', KMMisc. 264 § 22 ). a ch.¤ thall for elaid úair, 19325 . línaiter na builg sin do minchlochaib, RC xiii 68 § 72 . ag tuarcain na Cloichi Barraighi ┐ na c.¤ tuinidhi eile do bī isin trācht rocks, ML² 430 . c.¤ i ninad ugi (prov. of a bad exchange), Cog. 100.24 ; cf. Caithr. Thoirdh. 11.16 . ticdis croind ┐ clocha ua cheol a chruiti . . . co teigdis aran múr (of Thebes), TTebe 851 . co scenaib ┐ clochaib . . . do-rónad ind imdibe, PH 5746 . fuarumar cloich . . . ┐ na hanmund-sa i scríbend indte gravestone, 1581 . samail gach cloiche (of hail-stones), RC xviii 150.y (see c.¤-ṡnechta s. compds.). a c[h]rannghal sa c[h]. aolta `its timber and its lime-washed stone', Ériu v 60.121 . dá cloich tsalainn lumps of salt, Lism. L. 2408 . sirbualadh na tonn fo na clocaib, Ir. Astr. Tr. 42.5 . c.¤ chinn na huilleann corner-stone, Acts iv 11 . ro benadh a chend de for Cloich an Chommaigh i ndorus teampaill Focháirde, AFM i 330.5 (an. 732). Fig. of a chief: ní tráth aithreachais d'ḟuil Conaill / a gc.¤ chúil an gcéin do mhair, DDána 110.1 .

Attrib. g s of stone , less frequ. g pl. composed of stones : for corth[e] cloche, Thes. ii 343.43 (Hy. v Comm.). ata comrar chloche imbi and hi talam, LU 10991 . ail chloche mór, IT i 82.2 ( LMU 19 ). risin carraic clochi, MU² 669 . coro mara choidche / amal choirthe c.¤ , LL 18911 . nertlia cloche, TBC-LL¹ 1570 . colomna c.¤ do thócbáil . . . eturru ┐ in snechta, MU² 309 . ar n-osgladh don iomdhaidh c.¤ (of a tomb), Dán Dé iii 27 . cinnlitir chloiche áille / dúna[dh] flatha Fionngháille `the fortress . . . is a capital letter of beauteous stone', Ériu v 60.109 . rath an Spirata Naim do-rat . . . uisce asin carraic cloiche, Grail 3649 . an cladh clach `stone fence', Studies 1924, 244 § 20 . do chuir . . . a chenn ar adhart cloichi bigi `on a small stone as pillow', Stair Erc. 1910 . .u. ced dég ceim cruaidhdaingen cloichi `stone steps', 633 . cláir chloiche . . . ┐ dligheadh stone tablets, Exodus xxiv 12 . pertaining to stone: duileasg crann nó c.¤ lichen, Párl. na mB. 587 . saoir chruinn ┐ ch.¤ carpenters and stone-masons, 263 .

(b) Of stones used as missiles, sling-stones, etc.: gaibthi cloich isin tailm, LU 3277 ( SCC 7 ). c.¤ throthail . . . i llaímh gach ḟir, IT iii 97.6 . foceird C. cloich assa thabaill, TBC-LL¹ 1558 . do-teilctís lucht in leithi-si na clocha for lucht in leith[i] aili, Sc.M² 17R . gebid lamchloich do lár thalman darbo lán a glacc, LL 8576 (TBC). bolc lán (sic leg.?) di chlochuip d'orcoin, ZCP viii 120.13 . na clocha cruindi comdibhraicthi, TTebe 1984 . Cf. in ti no cinnfedh ar aei cloichi `the winner of the stone-throwing', Stair Erc. 202 .

With defining gen. c.¤ áeil limestone , see s.v. 1 áel. lia .i. corthe . . . .i. in c.¤ criche `boundary stone', Laws iv 8.7 Comm. clocha fothraicthe stones heated in the fire and used for heating bath-water: clocha fotraicthi, Trip.² 873 . ro marb Fergus Durn don cloich fothraicthe, Laws i 68.17 Comm. Cf. fotracud forsin clárudh cen tincur o dhune acht na clocha ind ┐ ass, IT iii 195 § 36 . lothomur . . . cona clochaib, MacCongl. 11.23 . Cf. also: clocha derga red-hot stones, Laud 610, f. 8c (Plummer MS. notes). clocha hi tenid samna (prov. phrase?), LU 7045 (here perh. used for cooking. See O'Kelly, JRSAI 1954, 105 ff. ). na liacc lamh ┐ na c.¤ nglaice hand-stones, CCath. 5859 . iccon cloich impóid itir croiss ō Adrad Moturu súass `turning-stone', BColm. 84.32 . c.¤ marmail, Stair Erc. 1963 . cloch na cloich mheóir 'pebble', Irish Texts i 31 § 50 . clach (sic leg.) ina loighe a ḟlaith Cheóil / ar in claich meóir oile üaibh, IGT Decl. ex. 1123 (incorrect because of form claich). c.¤ muilinn mill-stone : doronta cetheora clocha muilinn di, AU an. 999 . fúaim chloichthe muilinn, Rev. xviii 22 . Cf. c.¤ uachtair upper stone (of a mill), Laws i 140.17 Comm. m'aghaidh amhuil cloich thineadh `flint', Isaiah 1 7 .

(c) Med. c.¤ isna hairnib `a stone in the kidneys', Rosa Angl. 188.7 . clocha na narand, 330.10 . in uair bhenmuid na clocha fuail as an lamhonnán le gerradh, ZCP xviii 274.9 . a riocht na cloiche fuail pro calculo vesicali, O'Gr. Cat. 113.24 . c.¤ no ydoripis, Reg. San. 23.y .

(d) precious stone, gem (somet. c.¤ búada, c.¤ úasal): caoga gemm carrmogail do c[h]lochaib tíre na hInnia, ML² 1481 . c.¤ crisdail gl. cristallus, Ir. Gl. 552 . do cloich búadha re n-abur sardínés, Maund. 249 . feilm áosda chlach ccarrmhogail, O'R. Poems 199 . clocha cuaigh `[stones] suitable for (adorning) goblets', O'Hara 2380 . c.¤ medóin do dhornchla dhét, IGT Decl. ex. 80 . a chorōin . . . ier n-a himchengal do dēmont ┐ do c[h]lochaibh uaissle, Fl. Earls 172.28 . a gcomhraid airgit go n-imat gc.¤ lonnradhach, 80.7 . is c.¤ uasal tiodhlacadh a radharc an tí agá mbí sé, Proverbs xvii 8 .

(e) Hence perh. of the beads of the rosary: is mise Oisín . . . / . . . ag cóireamh c.¤ `arranging stones', Oss. iii 276.10 . Paidir air na clochaibh móra ┐ Fáilte an Aingil air na clochaibh beaga, Donlevy 448. 3 , 4 .

(f) a construction of stone, esp. fortress, stronghold, castle: giodh áille an chlach don taoibh thall `though the fort is lovelier within', Ériu v 60.115 . daingean c.¤ an dúnaidh dhe / loch ar cúlaibh na cloiche `the fortress is strengthened by the lake which lies behind it', 111 - 12 . da ralaig . . . comard ré cloich na cathrach `the stone-walls of the city', TTebe 4224 . c.¤ Corcaigi do loscudh, Ann. Inisf. 1230.1 . c.¤ angcaire an anchorite's cell, AU iii 288.24 . tú do rad dár gcionn an cholann / i gcloich nduaibhsigh `into a gloomy dungeon' (Gloss.), Measgra D. 61.70 . a muir ┐ a mórclocha, Stair Erc. 909 . na franclochaidh ga folach / a n-ardchlochaibh allmorach, IGT Decl. ex. 714 . daingni ná clach áelta íat, ex. 183 . le Cloich Insi na tTorc ar Loch F., AFM iii 360.6 . C.¤ Locha hUachtair do loscadh, 536.4 . ? dar let is c.¤ ar na cengal / an tech os loch lachnach, IGT Decl. ex. 268 . Cf. Luimnech na c.¤ cengail, Caithr. CC 10 .

Frequ. in nn. loc., see Hog. Onom.

Compds. With noun. clúas re clochadhart `a stone pillow', BS 92.y . a tōebaib clochadba, ACL iii 217 § 3 . clochalla glassa . . . ┐ cairrci rocky cliffs, CCath. 3413 . clochall cairrgidhe, Hugh Roe² 46.15 . lé fúaim chloichbhéimnigh bhonn a each láidir ` stamping ', Jeremiah xlvii 3 . clochcaop lump of stone , Anecd. ii 53.y . do mhaothughadh do chlochroidhe hard heart , Mac Aingil 1134 . ferr beith a ccloch-dinibh ceall stone shelters , ZCP x 30.23 . im ócbail droichitt .i. cid cloch droichit, Laws i 134.25 Comm. in clochdrochat (sic leg.) ō tigh cech clērig dīb dia chēile, MacCongl. 123.22 . a róimh chlaichfhinntreabh Chonnacht of white-stone houses, DDána 68.28 . lottar . . . tré cloch-ród Coradh Finne stone-paved road(?), AFM v 1668.5 . cloch-sairsi ┐ crann-sairsi art of building in stone, Laws v 92.z Comm. cith cloichṡnechta do ferthain hailstones, RC xviii 150.x (Tig.). gaoth tre chlaichshneachta chiothmhar, DDána 113.15 (cf. na clocha sneachta, 2). maith ro cumad in cleathbhaile / sa clochtaighe, IGT Met. Faults § 58 . ? adinnim deargain / a druith chail ar chlochtaigh, IT iii 90 § 119 . ic córgud chastíal fo churadaib di chlochthress, LL 32238 ( TTr. 1427 ). tuitim isin clochtres tíar, ZCP xiii 12.35 .

With adj. do athairg . . . / mhachaire clachaird Conuill, IGT Decl. ex. 9 . legga corra clochbana of white stone, Fen. 188.21 . flaith corn gclochbhán white-jewelled, Top. Poems² 613 . is o cairgib clochdaeraibh Slebi Chugais rod-coimbris . . . `rock-bound', Aen. 829 . cathair clochdaingen, Grail 3286 . scīath clochdond go ccomhraibh óir, ZCP viii 223 § 18 . ar lámhachadh lann gclochdhonn `bright-jewelled(?)', O'Hara 4035 . do mhionn clachórdha cloichfhionn, DDána 97.38 . crios . . . clachghorm, Rel. Celt. ii 262.5 . 'sin charn chlochthrom, LL 29862 .

With adj. derived from noun. droichett clochaelta do dhenamh la Cathal of stone and mortar(?), AFM iii 618.5 . cuirt clochaolta, Hugh Roe² 216.13 . na coirigh chlochaigeantacha bhíos . . . ag leanmhain dá lochtaibh féin stubborn, TSh. 10492 . a chathbarra caem clochbuadhach set with precious stones, Stair Erc. 735 . an rí co coroin . . . clochbuadhaigh fura cenn, ZCP vi 52.7 . gremaigiss . . . an c[h]loch . . . dia coicēilip comadhus[a] cloch-chomharsnach[a] oile `adjoining', Fl. Earls 148.4 . ¤órda: cinnbhirt clochórdha, Oss. vi 128.11 . With Part. an cheinnbheart chlochfhoirfe (1 foirbthe) crowned with jewels, O'Hara 1502 .

fo-gní

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fo-gní or dil.ie/22781
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: fognad, fognid, fognat, fongni, -fognai, fongniat, -fognat, fogníth, fogníd, -fognad, -fogna, fognem, fogneith, -fognad, fungensa, fogéna, foruigéni, foruigenai, forrogéna, -forgeni, -forgein, -forgeni, -forgénsam, foruigensid, foruigensat, fosrugensat, fosrugensatar, foruigénair, -forgenair, fogníther, gníter, fognífe, fom-gnifet, fognifet, fog(a)n-, ognaid, foghnuidh, -ḟognand, foighéanaidh, ḟógnais, ḟogain, ḟogainset, ḟoghainset, fegfognad, fognaigther, fognaighter

v O. Ir. forms: ipv. 3 s. fognad, Wb. 20b11 . 2 pl. fognid, 3b28 . 3 pl. fognat, AM 14.105 . ind. pres. 3 s. amal fongni , 12a12 . -fognai, Laws i 228.16 . 3 pl. fongniat, Ml. 112b4 . -fognat, Sg. 203a17 . imperf. 3 s. fogníth, LU 6433 . fogníd, Mon. Tall. § 12 . -fognad, Hy ii 6 . subj. pres. 3 s. -fogna, Wb. 12a12 . 1 pl. fognem, Wb. 5d19 . 2 pl. fogneith, 20a11 . past 3 s. -fognad, Trip. 16.26 (207) . fut. 1 s. lasse fungensa , Ml. 78d2 . 3 s. fogéna, Sg. 198a19 . perf. 3 s. foruigéni, Wb. 13b7 . foruigenai, Trip. 16.20 ( -génai, Trip.² 202 . Cf. forrogéna .i. do fhoghain, O'Cl.). -forgeni, Ml. 44c9 . -forgein (leg. -forgeni), Mon. Tall. § 80 . 1 pl. -forgénsam, Wb. 3c15 . 2 pl. foruigensid, 3b28 . 3 pl. foruigensat, 1b22 . fosrugensat, SR 3690 . fosrugensatar, 5251 . Dep. 3 s. foruigénair, Trip. 16.26 (208) . -forgenair ZCP iii 248 n. 18 .

Pass. pres. s. fogníther, Wb. 27b9 . pl. amal fon gníter , ib.

Vn. fognam, q.v.

Later forms: fut. 3 s. fognífe, Trip. 70.10 (746) . pl. fom-gnifet, SR 852 . fognifet, BB 278a37 (= fogenaid, 129a18 ). Commonly in Mid. Ir. the verb is treated as a weak simplex, with stem fog(a)n-. Cf. fogniat .i. ..., fognait ... fogniter .i. fognaither doib, Laws v 96. 14 - 15 . pres. 3 s. ognaid, IGT 111 ex. 396 . foghnuidh, Proverbs xvii 22 . -ḟognand, LL 145b40 . fut. 3 s. foighéanaidh, TD 9.54 . pret. - perf. 2 s. ro ḟógnais PH 8244 . 3 ro ḟogain , LU 270 . PH 4574 . pl. dia ra ḟogainset , PH 7085 . nir ḟoghainset , CCath. 1993 .

I In general sense serves, is of use

(a) serves, is subject to (a person), with acc. or DO: saer daer dagdana daig fogniat ┐ fogniter they serve and are served Laws v 96.10 . foruigénairsom .uíí. mbliadna fo bés na nEbraidi, Trip. 16.26 (208) . in ré foghnad while they are giving service (of oxen, cows, etc.) Laws iv 106.19 Comm. gaire cach fir fine fogne fine ina foltaib coiraib, iii 54.2 ( SM Facs. 52a ). óre as ṅdúil foruigensat nach dúlem it is the creature they have served, not the Creator Wb. 1b22 . amal fongníter ídil síc fogníther donaib ánib as idols are served, so service is rendered to riches 27b9 . fognad cach dialailiu, Wb. 20b11 . fomgnifet ind il-aiṅgil, SR 852 . ni fognai lam laim (.i. ni fognand lam ... do laim), Laws i 228.16 (legal maxim, `hand does not serve hand'). in dias aile, fosgniat mor di tuathaib, AU 624 = dia fognad, AFM 620 . tánic [Pledias = Palladius] co roḟogain do Dia i Fordun, LU 270 . co toimniudh cech ae ... dia bhfoghnad cumad do a oenar foighneth, Lism. L. 144 . in Día día fegfognad (imperf.) LU 4316 = dia ndegḟognand, LL 145b 40 . Niall bus rí ... ┐ is dō foigēnat a brāthri, ZCP viii 304z . is dó fhoighentai ┐ foighenus in cenel-sa him both ye and this race shall serve Lism. L. 1837 . Cf. a gabail fodagniat, Laws iv 282.12 ( SM Facs. 4a2 ). olc an tigerna dar fhognumar, RC xiv 32 . tigernas diabuil dia rafhogainset anallana, PH 7085 . (fig.) fognad dúib ág is ernbas! may danger and destruction wait on you! Metr. Dinds. iii 90 . With DI of thing used: na fearanda dia fodnaidis (= which they tilled), Lec. 185vb10 (= BB 255a30 (fognaitis). is and is ben-si intan fognaithir dia sliasait, Auraic. 609 = fognaigther, 3086 . fogníatt dia n-airbert bioth they conform to their manner of life Hugh Roe 178y (f. 48a) . dia mbad choire órdaigi | co ndrolaib óir da fognann with rings (staves ?) of gold which it serves (i.e. by which it is moved? `with golden hooks to move it' MR 59 ) FDG 503 .

Cf. (of a shield:) inbaid fogníth ind oclaig [ = in t-oclach LL] fáeborchless di, LU 6433 = TBC-LL¹ 2579 (= in uair doriged a les in t-oglaech sin faeburcles do dhenamh dib, H 2.17 ). See II.

With transference of obj. renders service as equivalent for; renders, pays: mad in ceile bis daidbir, fogni lōg ina set (.i. .. do ni seic logh na set d'fognum) he renders the value of the `seds' in service Laws ii 340.1 . secht seotu ... fogniat enech (sic leg.), i 134.10 Comm . conidh iaramh foghnaid cis `they pay tribute' Leb. Cert. 110.19 = fogniat, BB 273a12 .

Cf. is a fidnemedaib fognitis filid a ngressa, O'Mulc. 830 (this may belong to II).

(b) of things, etc. with DO of pers., serves = is used (by): a [n]gnathbérla fogni do cach, ACL iii 247.23 . na tri chonnsuine dhég fhoghnus do luchd dénta an dána dírigh IGT, Introd. § 1 . popal iat da fognaitis fesa ┐ faistine who were wont to employ CCath. 725 . conidh hī-sin ealada rofodhain doib ō sin amach, ZCP xii 291.36 . crú ... nár ḟoghain d'each that was never worn by a horse TD 29.27 . as ruamhar fognídh dia mhanc[h]aib (i.e. his monks used spades, not ploughs) BNnÉ 294§18 . do denamh na hairce gos na haidhmibh rosfoghain (sic MS.) di with the tools required for it Leb. Gab.(i) i 8 . do gach ni ro fhoighenadh do daoinibh ib. tuc ... bachall dó ┐ ... gach indstraimint eli do foigeonadh d'espog that a bishop would need BCC § 252 . nach catu forfogain doib a nErinn whatever honour was paid to them Laws i 46.18 . Absol. : atat .clv. bliadan and o roḟogain int argat sain since that money was current LL 361 marg. sup. ( Mart. Tall. 114 ). ni fognae a thelgadh noe is not in use Auraic. 1871 . Impers. pass.: ní haclaigh cia fognaighter innaib `nothing is demanded if service is obtained from them' (sc. impounded animals) Laws iv 106.17 Comm.

Cf. is timna Rechta rofoghnamh (rofoghnad v.l.) doibh it is the testament of the Law they used (i.e. followed) IT iii 202x .

(c) is of use to, avails, profits , with DO (and sometimes obj. NÍ). ni ro fogain tra ni do Moingḟind in chelg sin, RC xxiv 180 . do treced tigerna ... arna hetalaib ┐ arna buaib nar fogain doib, Ann. Conn. 1236 § 8 (but ALC has here: ar na hédalaib tarla dhóibh ann sin mar nar ḟoghuin `as became them not'). athfuabairt Atha Luain ... acht nochor foghain doib, RC xviii 57.29 . tuc F. claidheamh leis ┐ nir fhodhuin dó it did not help him ITS xix 52 . nír ḟoghainset a n-urchair ... dóibh o hoin anunn then they could not make use of their casts (i.e. could not shoot their arrows, etc., they were so close together) CCath. 1993 . a rádh nach foghnann commaoine ... dona marbhaibh is of no use to TSh. 4332 . nar ḟoghain dóibh gan uisge d'faghail that they must needs procure water Ériu v 186.409 . olc do fhoghain dí ... tocht dí dá chobhair, Dán Dé ii 18 . foigheánaidh dáibh `it shall profit them' (of a course of action) TD 9.54 . inné nach foghnann duit duine ele dot breith ann sin? will it not do you to be carried there by some one else? BNnÉ 179.4 . ní fhognaim dhuit mar dhearbhráthair, PBocht 6 § 22 . Of medical treatment: don cuislinn, tuic curub doib so is mó foghnus `that it avails most for' Rosa Angl. 42.4 . Of attire, etc.: an t-edach nar foghain di, Duan. F. ii 332 . ní hé gach aonṡrian ḟoghnas don each, Studies 1933, 406 .

Absol. : slainti ┐ sirc[h]ennsa as edh ḟognus ann, ZCP viii 204 § 25 [is practised (?) Cf. d]. Med.: adeir G. na fognann cuisle sa cas sin, Rosa Angl. 42z . ni ro foghain it was of no avail RC xxxvii 346 § 24 . foghnuidh croidhe súgach amhuil leighios, Proverbs xvii 22 .

(d) With LA of pers. is used (by), passing into sense is practised (by), is the wont (of): forrugeine la Gaidelai flesc idaith domitte frissna collnai the G. used to employ a rod to measure corpses Corm. Y 606 (forugena LB). fidad inní forfogen la G. di tomus coland, Thr. Ir. Gl. 21 . cnoī bongar dia domnaich ní fogní leisim a cathim it is not his practice to eat Mon. Tall. § 13 (= nir ghnath leis ..., Rule of Tallaght § 62 ). isí figeld fodgníod la Duiblitir, Mon. Tall. § 33 (= as gnath le, Rule of Tallaght § 102 ). sailm ... ┐ biait fogníad madin la sochuidi `are used by some' Mon. Tall. § 5 . ainm do c[h]oire ... fognithe la hoes cerda. Is e ... cruth fogniad la haes cerda a caldron that was used by the poets. This is how they used it (leg. fogníd ? ) Corm. Y 141 .

Cf. nach tan ... bither cen rig isnaib tuathaib is brathcai fogni etorra .i. fria urradus, Corm. Y 144 = fogniad forru fri hu., Thr. Ir. Gl. 7 .

(e) with FRI serves with regard to = is construed with (a case, part of speech); for idiom cf. servit autem hoc uerbum fri tobarthid, Thes. ii 227.33 ( PCr. 59a2 ): fri áinsid fogní in briathar asberr intelligo the verb `intelligo' is construed with an accusative Sg. 149a4 . intain foṅgniat fri anmman when they are construed with nouns 220b9 . fri a cocenél fogéna, 198a19 . ni fognat fri a ngenitnesidi 203a17 . A similar construction is loosely used in follg.: is briathar ... `abco' ┐ is fria sidhe fogniat in trachturi ceill n-aile the commentators use it in another sense Hib. Min. 14. 466 .

II Through confusion of preverbs (cf. Ériu xiv 129 ) in Mid. Ir. period frequently used in deuterot. forms for do-gní: smirammair fogní C. do chnāmib, TBC-LL¹ 4624 = do rinne St. cluichi puill fognithi for faichthi na Emna, 972 . is aire fogníd Medb sin, 697 (dogníd St). fogni atlaigthi buide do Dia, PH 6663 . and sin bhoghní C. ulcha smerthain fair, RC xv 63 . fogniat snáth do thusmhedh they cause fibre to be produced Marco P. 26 . gach osadh fogníodh Rónán robrisedh Suibhne, BS § 7 . fognítis [rognidis v.l.] gnímu garga, Metr. Dinds. iii 368 . gach cinel ciuil rob āl doib fógnitis fochétoir, Aisl. Tond. 117 § 2 . is a chumachta-side fonrignine cen mescai, LL 282b5 ( YBL 138a33 reads: fonrigmidne). ni ba sindadh no aoradh fogniset, ZCP vii 305.13 . bognítha guin gal[ann] de, CRR § 26 . Cf. O'Mulc. 830 , cited at end of I a above.

íarmbélre, íarmbérla

Cite this: eDIL s.v. íarmbélre, íarmbérla or dil.ie/27008
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: íairmbérladha

n [n.] later m. n p. íairmbérladha, IGT Introd. 28.26 . See Thurn., RC xiii ff. and O'Rahilly, EIHM 85 ff.

I Applied to difficult or archaic language : is aire raiter iarmberla de .i. ara se[c]dacht amal iarunn, ... no iarmberla .i. berla ranig Iar mac Nema, Auraic. 1313 - 15 . fern (.i. cach maith) .i. īarnbēlrae nō īarmbērla innsin, Corm. Y 612. it e coic gne in berla tobaidi .i. berla Fene ┐ fasaige na filed ... ┐ iarmberla amal rogab : Cuic .i. ruin. Et ballorb .i. ball do forbau na filideachta aicce ..., Auraic. 1302 - 8 . i nGaidilg na filedh ┐ iarmberla ┐ berla neterscartha ..., BB 300b4 . cloch, trī anmann lé .i. onn a īarmbērla, cloch a gnāthbērla ..., Corm. Y 213. iarnnbērlae .i. is aire isberar, ar a duibe in bēlrae ┐ ar a dorchatae ┐ ar a dlūithe, co nāch erasa taisscelad ind, 755 .

II As grammatical term, unstressed word or particle: iarmbérla .i. bérla ro baí oc Iar mac Néma .i. iaram ┐ dono ┐ tra ┐ imurro, O'D. 1210 (< H 2.15A, p. 83b ) = IT iii 37 n. 3 . gne n-aill do iarmberla .i. iarum ┐ dno ┐ atat ┐ tra ..., Auraic. 1307 . íairmbérla na guidhe the interjection of entreaty, IGT Introd. 29.26 . m'fhearsa t'fhearsa ... ní cóir iarmbérla sunnartha rompa mur tá don, no ón, no san definite article, 7.19 . an tan bhíos íairmbérla ceanguilti don áireamh ... mur so : a trí, a cúig ... when an í.¤ is joined to the numeral, 28.28 . cóir áireamh ar nach bí íairmbérla coimhleanamhna a ttús chomhfhocuil, mur so : do sdéd asdrach ochttairrngeach, 25.1 . íairmbérla coimhleanamhna : ané, aniogh, ... anoirthear, ... anall, 28.30 . an coimhcheangal úd `agus' gurab ionann é ... ┐ an t-iarbheurla so `nó', Eochairsg. 96.14 .

3 nairne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 nairne or dil.ie/32951

 

Forms: nairne, nairne

particle of assent or asseveration, indeed, verily ? nairne [no naire, add. LB] amail bid naire no beth and .i. senberla didiu in naire n-i sin. Is inand ┐ isbertha egin. Is gnathberla eisem tra cidh indiu la hIrmumhain maxime, unde dicitur: In fil ní bas toich duit? Fil eigin, ol intí dia n-inchomarcar .i. nairne, Corm. Y 972 = fhil naire, ol intí . . . .i. fil écin, Corm. p. 32 ; i.e. nairne (? naire) is used, especially in West Munster, in the sense of éicin indeed, in truth . nairne .i. deimhin .i. frithaithbhear bus nairne .i. frithaithbhear bhus deimhin, O'Cl. (where the word is used as pred.). náirne .i. deimhin ` sure, certain, certainty ', P. O'C. náirne adj. `sure, certain', O'R.