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adbarda

Cite this: eDIL s.v. adbarda or dil.ie/342

adj (adbar) material, physical: gné cruthaigthech ┐ gné adburda material cause (ref. to Aristotle's four causes), O'Gr. Cat. 235.19 . ese cruthoighti ┐ eisi adbarrda . . . eisi adbarrda . . . .i. mac do geineimain on athair, Auraic. 3800 . as e sil na nethead neimhcedfedach ag a fuil anim fastach as cruth adburtha doib, which gives them their material form Ir. Astr. Tr. 156.14 . In med. texts with esláinte, fiabrus: eslainti gan beith adburda i.e. efemera ┐ etica (heading of a tract) (= ephemera et hectica sunt morbi immateriales), Rosa Angl. 48 . ni hadburda e (i.e. the fever) oir ni fuil adbur cintach and, 54.1 . co fuilid i ngach fiabrus adburdha cuis tinnscaintach etc., RC xlix 37 § 10 . in gach uili easlainte adhbardha, 23 P 10³, 20b20 .

admat

Cite this: eDIL s.v. admat or dil.ie/498

n o, m. vn. formation from *ad-moin-, see Celtica iv 46 and i 339 .

(a) invention, contrivance; device, artifice: bid hé corp ar n-aicde / a.¤ na ba tíamdae, Fél. Prol. 293 . gnim tanaissi . . . a.¤ adfét in scriptúir . . . bacc iairnn cech oenfir the second thing they made, an object which Scripture tells of, was an iron hook for each man, SR 4202 (of the construction of the Ark) (= is é gním tánaise dorigned ann . . . baccán iarinn cech aenduine, Celtica iv 30 ). glé ni hinunn seis na smacht / gne na hintliucht, na a.¤ craft (of the animal creation), SR 7266 . isochma do Día coro cumtaige cen adbar . . . cech n-a.¤ no cech n-aicde bes áil dó, LU 2601 . suí cech admait conna rabi riam . . . goba bad ferr, LL 13566 . greas for indeoin, admad a ceardca, tirad a n-aith, Laws v 474.2 . aithgabail goband . . . gat im indeoin ┐ apud nad derna atmat fuirri, ii 118.23. Comm. ingean Mhuireadha Meas fial-nar / ca hadmad caem ar nar' chlis, Ériu x 84 § 79 . Hence material esp. timber: atá an t-adhmat benta isin coilledh aguind (for building a church), BNnÉ 237 § 163 . ag tarraing an adhmaid on coilled, 238 § 164 . rugadar clocha . . . ┐ an tadhmad, 1 Kings xv 22 . In follg. passage glossed .i. foglaim (falso inference?): adhmad .i. foglaim . . . deismirecht aile ann gurab inann adhmad ┐ foglaim, amail adeir isin Breisligh . . . Cuin do raghtar fris? . . . co nderntar tri gaiscid linne . . . .i. adhmat sechtmaine. Is mithig duin . . . erfuagra uan for firu Erenn. Nocha mithigh . . . uair adhmad sechtmaine is adhmad secht mbliadna .i. aon la cacha bliadna . . . fri denam na ngae, O'Curry 977 (H. 3.18, 422) (from Aided Con Culainn). So also Thurn. Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. ii 15.28 (from H. 3.18, 601) `Stoff für eine Woche' etc., `material for study practice', Plummer MS. notes.

(b) poetical composition, poem: Flann mac Lonán . . . .cc. in t-adhmadsa isin lo iarna marbad, Irish Texts i 24.18 . do nithi leisiom an laoidh / an drecht sa t-adhmad d'entaoibh ZCP ii 352.11 . airligud in dine (.i. in diune) cach fir dana, dian prim-a.¤ no prim-cerdd i n-aga a erco, Laws v 372.x . is mithigh anes o eigsibh / a meic, sguir d' adhmhad tre aiebh, Ériu x 88 § 109 . ní thuillfeadh san adhmad-sa / an deachmhadh cuid dod chaithréim in this composition, DDána 120.37 . aithris dí na mharbhlaoidh más adhmad dúinn, Ó Bruad. iii 226 § ii . dá ndeachoinn do dheilbh adhmoid, Studies 1920, 263.11 . adhmad beag andso do rinde M. Séon Carsuel (a poem directing his book on its course), Carswell p. 24 . ní marbhnaid bud dáothan dó / mar ṡaothar adhmaid énbhó, IGT Decl. ex. 649 .

aibgitir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aibgitir or dil.ie/730
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: apgitri, apgitrib, haibgitrech, abgitrech

n i f. (Lat. abecedarium PTBA 126, 152, 160 . On phonetic value of the consonants see GOI p. 567 ). In O.Ir. indecl. in sg. n p. apgitri, Wb. 19d12 . d p. apgitrib, 19d5 . Later g s. na haibgitrech , Auraic. 315 . abgitrech, Lib. Hymn. i 6.124 . ? Later m. LEIA A-8 , Celtica viii 44 n. 3 .

(a) alphabet: tri gné forsin apgitir, BCr. 33a8 (Thes. ii 20.37). ord abbgitir dorat forsna consona, Sg. 23b5 , 24a10 . iar n-urd apgitrech, LB 237a21 . fo numir apgitrech na nEbraide, Ériu xi 105.11 . ciodh as aibghitear ann?, IGT Introd. 1.3 . ó Éireannchaibh fuaradar na Sacsanaigh aibghidir ar dtús, Keat. i 66.1 . aibghitre na dtrí bprímhbhéarladh, ii 101 . an leitir dhéidheanach d'aibghitir nahEabhra , TSh. 713 .

(b) set of alphabetical symbols: ó ro scríb abbgitir dó, Ériu xviii 18 § 24 . scribais P. abgitir dó, Trip.² 1246 = abbgitir, 1269 . tri cét abgitrech roscrib, Trip. ii 552.5 ( LL 352 marg. inf. ). benair aibghitir ogaim ┐ a.¤ ua (leg. uad) .i. tiasca ai i nainm De, O'Curry 985 (H 3.18, p. 424b). ni saithi cen aipgitri `there are no sages without alphabets', Auraic. 387 .

(c) Fig. beginnings, elements: abgitir crabaith gl. elimenta . . . sermonum Dei, Wb. 33c13 (cf. the text Apgitir Crábaid, ZCP iii 447 . For A.¤ in Betha see Jn. Celt. Stud. ii 173 ff ). apgitri gl. elimenta, 19d12 . aipgiter .i. tinscetal nó bunadh, ut est cetheora aibgitre gaisi, O'Dav. 1 ( Triads 251 ). créud as aibghitir sbioradālta ann?, Parrth. Anma 6286 . do tinnscnadh a.¤ na himresna `the ABC of the business was begun', Caithr. Thoirdh. 41.17 .

áile

Cite this: eDIL s.v. áile or dil.ie/983

n , f. (2 ál) timidity, shyness: ni hopair niad nare / ni dlegar dín ale (noco dluig ali, v.l.), TBC-LL¹ 3276 . ba gním áille (: Cláire) is immomain, Metr. Dinds. iii 342.50 . cen gné n-áile (: Dáire) n-imthrócair, iv 16.12 . ?urlainn na háile nár duib / leigit daib, cróda in cháin soin, Caithr. Thoirdh. 10.39 .

1 aile

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 aile or dil.ie/978
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: oile, eile, arch, aild, aile, aile, aill, aile, aill, aili, ailiu, ailiu, áili, aili, aili, aile, ailib, aile, aili, aile, aili, aili, a., n-aill, n-aile, éile, éle, aill, aili, ailiu, ailiu, aile, alaill, allail, alaill, alaili, alailiu, aili, alaaili, alaili, n-aile, allaili, aile, alaili, aili, alaile, holailiu, horaili, fulailiu, folaill, hualailiu, alaile, alaill, alaile, arele, lelele, alaill, aláil, araill, alaili, aláili, álaili, araili, áréli, alailiu, arailiu, alaili, aili, lialailiu, liala ailiu, aile, alailib, alaili, aréli, alaili, indala, indala, dondala, indala, indala, indala, all, AILE, ALAILE, arailiu, alailiu, alaile, (a)la, al(l)

In later lang. oile, eile other, one of two, second , pronominal used as adj. and noun. Inflected as io, iā -stem except in n a s. neut. (aill, see below). GOI §§ 486 ff. , Hamp, Études Celt. ix 477 (aill, arch. aild). Old-Irish forms. Stressed forms

(a) aile (as adj. follows noun; as subst. always with article or nach). As adj. n s m. aile, Wb. 12c46 . n. aill, 9c3 . a s m. aile, Wb. 9d31 . n. aill, 13a1 . g s. aili, Sg. 30a2 . d s. ailiu, Wb. 21a7 . ailiu, Sg. 30b4 . n p. áili, Wb. 12b1 . aili, 22d14 . a p. aili, Sg. 28a6 . g p. aile, Wb. 12b3 . d p. ailib, Wb. 12b11 . Fem. n s. aile, Wb. 10d18 . a s. aili, Sg. 189a8 . g s. aile, Sg. 188a12 . n p. aili, Sg. 22a3 . a p. aili, Sg. 191a2 .

n As subst. n s m. nach a.¤ , Wb. 20a10 . n s n. a n-aill , Wb. 4b24 . a s m. nach n-aile , Wb. 8a3 . éile, éle (influence of céile, GOI p. 308 ), 6a15 , 6c18 . a s n. na aill , Wb. 17c23 . g s. nach aili , Wb. 17b28 . d s. nach ailiu , Sg. 209b12 . a p. amal na heliu, Sg. 9b1 . ailiu gl. quos (nullos tepefacit sol), Ml. 94b20 . Fem. g s. inna aile , Thes. ii 15.42 (BCr.).

(b) With double stem ala aile, alaile, with dissimilation araile (with stress on -ail-) (as adj. precedes noun; as subst. does not take article or other proclitic, cf. Ped. Ériu xv 188 ff.).

As adj. n s n. alaill ṡain, Sg. 6b24 . allail (recte alaill, edd.) pronomen , 209b10 . g s. alaili thríuin, Sg. 96a4 . d s. alailiu chruth, Ml. 98d1 . n p. alá aili aidme, Ml. 89a9 . alaaili réta, Sg. 111b5 . a p. alaili dliged, Ml. 18c11 . g p. ala n-aile ndoine, Ml. 54a21 .

Fem. a s. allaili mbeasti, RC xi 446.1 . g s. ala aile aidme, Ml. 51c5 . d s. alaili tain gl. quando, Sg. 222b2 . n p. ala aili interiecta, Sg. 10a1 .

When used with a prep. ending in a vowel alaile sometimes drops its initial: holailiu, Ml. 80a2 . horaili, 2a6 . fulailiu (sic MS.), 102d2 . folaill, Laws iv 102.14 . But hualailiu, Ml. 40d17 . Sg. 25b12 . With la see substantival use infra.

n As subst. n s m. alaile, Wb. 6b20 . n s n. alaill, 7d11 . a s m. alaile, Wb. 5d15 . arele, 9c19 . With la: lelele, 16c24 . a s n. alaill, 4c33 . aláil, 12a10 . araill, 23b21 . g s. alaili, Wb. 4c13 . aláili, 12a34 . álaili, 13a9 . araili, Sg. 10a10 . áréli, Wb. 13a5 . d s. alailiu, Wb. 2a14 . arailiu, 21a13 . n p. alaili, Wb. 13a16 . ala aili , Sg. 215a1 . a p. with la, lialailiu, Ml. 14a4 (liaailiu, MS.). liala ailiu, Sg. 32b5 . g p. ala n-aile (gl. reliquorum), Ml. 37a21 . Sg. 201b15 . d p. alailib, Wb. 25b13 . Sg. 208b8 . Fem. a s. fri alaili , Sg. 202a4 . d s. aréli (see above), Wb. 8a7 , alaili, Sg. 189a7 . 212b3 .

In Bardic verse this form alliterates with words beginning either with r- or vowels: líonmhar dá reic re-roile, DDána 61.3 . sgol i n-ucht ar-oile ag ól, 103.25 .

(c) Unstressed forms (always adjectival preceding noun or aí, see below, and most usually with preceding article or cach). With article (both words indecl.) n s m. indala mmod, Ml. 45b11 . a s m. indala fer, Wb. 4c16 . d s. dondala lucht, Wb. 16c20 . n s f. indala chlas, Ml. 138d1 . g s f. indala rainne, Sg. 74b7 . a s n. indala lestar, Wb. 4c32 . With cach, usually cach la: cach la sel, Wb. 15d9 . cach le céin, Ml. 19c1 . Without art. somet. also all, see C I (a) below.

A. The form AILE.

I As adj. following its noun other, second: frituidecht a.¤ anísiu, Sg. 21b11 . pronomen naill, 197b17 . fogur na liter na.¤ , 4a8 . guidiu itge n-a.¤ , Fél. Ep. 413 . anní nail as much again, IT ii1 180.177 . cethri fogaetha a.¤ , SR 49 . immon michil lasin crosfigill-so immon muiri lasind crosfigell na.¤ immasech `with the next', Mon. Tall. 137.z (§ 28) . do nach raod aliu `to any other matter', 143.30 (§ 43) . isind le[i]th ailiu, Críth G. 591 (eliu, MS.). do c[h]ellaib elib, BColm. 62.20 . forsin triur aili `the other three', RC xxiv 174.10 . aisceda imda eili, Sc.M² § 4 R . Longínus in ainm ele, PH 673 . a dhuine dhiombuain eile, DDána 27.3 . céd eili d'uaislib `a hundred other nobles', IGT Decl. ex. 60 . ┐ ní eili and furthermore, Hy Maine 161.31 . beag oile as congnamh ré chois `little else', Dán Dé x 17 . aill with non-neut. noun: ro-lēcus-[s]a gaí n-aill cucut-su, Sc.M² § 13 . issin láim n-aill, MU² 543 . do thuc bulli n-aill, TBC-LL¹ 1998 . fecht n-aile (n-aill), úair a.¤ another time, on another occasion see fecht and 2 úar. Of future time, next, forthcoming: lathi n-and resint samḟuin a.¤ cind bliadna, LU 3298 ( SCC § 10 ). cosin caiscc naili `until the next Easter', Mon. Tall. 132.17 (§ 12) . nach (na) . . . a.¤ (aill) any other . . . : nábat nacha arm aili `let it not be any other arms', Wb. 11d14 . dochum nacha rainne a.¤ , Sg. 188a12 . indtan noteigdis nach leth aili, Mon. Tall. 129.18 (§ 6) . in nacha reduibh ailib, Ériu ii 106.9 . Masc. with neut. noun: huare nad fil na nert n-a.¤ , Ml. 29d5 .

n II As subst.

(a) another, the other, others etc.: cuit inna aine ┐ inna a.¤ of the one and of the other, Thes. ii 15.42 (Bcr.). amal na heliu `like the others', Sg. 9b2 . arus leth do fallaib an aill do doebdadaib `for half is due for the neglects, the other for the claimants,' Laws iv 126.21 Comm. mad a.¤ da lina beta olca folaid `one of two parties', ii 366.11 . ma a.¤ dá lína bes anfoltach, O'D. 565 ( H 3.17, 441 ). co ndearnadhsom in a.¤ chédna likewise, TFrag. 22.22 . mani tucad . . . ní din chéttadall ni bered a n-aill, Sc.M² § 1 . ní fargaib bennachtain ┐ ní thuc anaill (alali, v.l.), RC viii 52.25 . aroile . . . anaill the one . . . the other (ref. to léo), Grail 3399 .

(b) period of two days: a.¤ do mnaib . . . treisi do rig, Laws i 78.15 . nat ṡasai aena tar a.¤ `that one day should not be extended beyond two days', 120.18 . athgabail a.¤ itir uin ┐ treise rosmidir Sencha, 126.11 . cach athgabail a.¤ , 144.24 .i. for ata anad naili ┐ apad aili, 146.21 Comm. is for dail na haili, 146.12 Comm. athgabail a.¤ do ingin im comorbus a mathar, 146.y .i. ar ata anadh naili, 148.3. Comm. a.¤ déc space of twelve days (cf. a.¤ déc one twelfth , (g) infra): a.¤ do mnaib, a.¤ dec doib im roe, Laws i 78.15 .

(c) Frequ. a n-aill something else, anything else: nimbe anaild arbera bith `he has nothing else that he may eat', Mon. Tall. 146.16 (§ 50) . ind lethbairgin ┐ ind cethramtu nó anaild `the half loaf and the quarter or other quantity, 151.z (§ 63) , ní fogbat merdrecha Ulad a n-aill acht foraim én dóib, LU 3254 ( SCC § 5 ). it é do theoir ríagla / nítroib anaill bas diliu `have thou naught else dearer', Ériu i 194 § 7 . in fil anaill? ol Grigoir `is there anything else?' ZCP iii 30.21 .

(d) Hence with ocus, etc. furthermore: ┐ anaill forácbus[s]a . . ., LL 279a7 . ┐ anaill béus, iarfaig-siu and furthermore, ask . . ., TBC-LL¹ 1920 . ┐ dano a n-aill and úair ni chesend nech, LU 2654 . ┐ anaill niro tagaill . . ., Grail 2786 . Cf. similar use of araill: et araill aile dana béus, TBC-LL¹ 106 . ┐ araill and, dano, . . . ní fil rígain . . ., LU 4015 ( SCC § 46 ). araill ele bheós ro leth ainm . . ., AFM v 1858.z . ┐ araill ele nir bó siodhach . . ., vi 2052.10 .

(e) Uninflected aill . . . aill one . . . another, some . . . others (not found in O. Ir. Glosses): imrordus in rígraid / . . . / aill úas laithib lígdaib / aill fo díanaib déraib some . . . others, Fél. Prol. 23 . aill fir mair . . . / aill ingene húage `one of a mighty man . . . another of a virginal maiden', June 5 . áill fri cumaid . . . aill ele fri teichead (of persons), Alex. 309 . .lll. carpdech . . . aill bruitt budi aill bruit deirg `some in yellow mantles others in red mantles', RC xiv 412.8 . Hence adverbially partly . . . partly: aill is tóla catha crūach / aill is cōra cacha crích, ZCP xi 110 § 30 . go ruc in ingen leis aill ar áis aill ar égin, Ériu xi 46.13 . Cf. aill .i. aonfecht .. . ut est aill torla tres tochuired, O'Dav. 34 , Ériu xiii 15.11 .

(f) With nach any other: arna arroímatsom nach na.¤ `lest they should receive any one else', Wb. 14d37 . cen acaldaim nach aili, Sg. 153b7 . cen acomol naich aili do `without joining any other to it', 197b17 . nib écen na aill, Wb. 22d12 . ni gessid na aill act búaid precepte, Wb. 26a34 . ní epur na haill `I say nothing more', Sg. p. 217 marg. sup. (Thes. ii xxii). in fail na aill adcota[r] dam, Trip.² 1323 . cona bía cuit do nach ailiu i nHére, 2766 . do-bérad naill ( = na aill) would give something else, BDD² 276 . With partitive DI something else of: asbéram na aill diar ṅgnímaib, Wb. 17c23 . in fuil anaill d'ingantaib air?, Grail 2983 . Cf. aill do buadaib Duind C. andso something of the triumphs, TBC-LL¹ 1529 .

(g) In numerals (fractions). a.¤ déac one twelfth: oile dég f., IGT Decl. § 3 . oil a dég (oil dhég v.l.) lochdach, IGT Decl. § 14 . aili deac brotto `the twelfth part of a second', Thes. ii 13.29 (BCr.). erpais Patraic aili deac Erend dó the twelfth part of Ireland, Trip.² 911 . `a.¤ dhéc the twelfth part, the Brehon's fee . Anglicé allayéag,' O'Don. Suppl. ni uil aile déc dosomh ┐ atá éiric a gubreite fairsium, O'D. 536 ( H 3.17, 432 ). da tecarthar ni da folaid cruid on breithemain, no ailedec, Laws i 234.17 Comm. diablad na aile dec, 234.18 Comm. no co thormaigi fa geall co roib aile dec, v 252.20 Comm. log a breithemnuis, aile dec, 212.22 Comm. Perh. also in: ni bhía an oile dēgsi am díaigh / nach foighe Ó Bríain d'éicsi úaim, IGT Decl. ex. 216 . barr na ngēg uile re n-idnaibh / uile dég gun fidhbaidh ortt (lochtach), ex. 225 . Cf. Kl. enair for dardain ail uathaid fuirre `the second day of the moon thereon', RC xviii 176.27 (Tig.). 284.2 . For ail dec 35.9 Stokes suggests reading ail uathaid.

B. The form ALAILE etc.

I As adj.

(a) other: aliud pronomen . i. is allail (recte alaill, edd.) pronomen , Sg. 209b10 . cenn cridi ┐ alaaili réta `and other things', 111b5 . sech alaili dliged ┐ indliuchtu `apart from other sayings and meanings', Ml. 18c11 . imtech[t] Boinde . . . ┐ alanaile n-aband, AU i 308. 11 , cf. 330.4 , 374.4 . In later lang. neut. form somet. used after noun irrespective of gender: leth in moige . . . al-leth allaill, RC xi 446.52 . don taeb araill, Stair Erc. 782 . isin luing araill, Grail 2969 . isind láim anaill, TBC-LL¹ 1719 . Note also: adhaigh n-aill n-aile another night, BNnÉ 324 § 38 .

(b) Usually some, a certain (gl. quidam, aliquis): hualailiu chlausul gl. uelut in clausula, Ml. 40d17 . holailiu lon gl. quodam adipe, 80a2 . ainm alaili thríuin `name of a certain hero', Sg. 96a4 . alaill ṡain, 6b24 . hualailiu mud gl. quodammodo, 25b12 . con alailiu fogoir (leg. fogur, edd.) gl. aliquo `with some sound', 39a2 . alaili tain gl. quando, 222b1a . ac gūmāidim ala naile nairec ninganta falsely boasting of various wonderful inventions, Corm. Y 825 . cornan alaili cuislendach, `a certain piper Cornan', Mon. Tall. 131.23 (§ 10) . alaili fáith marb, Trip.² 1395 . di araile anmcharait, ACL iii 5.3 . aroile fer angid, PH 818 . doní . . . araile gaitt irisech `she commits a certain pious theft', BColm. 84.10 . i n-araile domnuch, ZCP iii 33.15 . ro indsaig araile carruic . . . ┐ ros buail, Grail 1435 . in araile locc i lLaighis `at a certain place', AFM ii 1066.3 . Cf. co aroile mainistir ecin, RC x 187.4 .

n II As subst.

(a) another, the other: ni ferr nech alailiu, Wb. 2a16 . ni áir do neuch molad alaili, 16a24 . is coitchen do cechtar de ainm alaili `the name of each is common to both', Ml. 14d12 . intí diib bes tresa orcaid alaile, Ml. 19d6 . tar cenn alanaile gl. aliorumuice, 95d9 . Sg. 201b15 . cenmathá dobrethir ┐ alaaili `except the adverb and other (parts of speech)', 71b17 . muidit secht catha ren Osseirgé for na Déise . . . asberat araile is tricha cath others say, Ériu iii 138.102 . in foirend is craibdige araile `the folk who are more believing than the rest', PH 6363 . coná baí aithgne neich sech alaile díb, TBFr. 271 . cach gabal tra issuidiu araile hisesam `every other division is sung sitting, the next standing', Mon. Tall. 140.4 (§ 31) . gach clas ro claideadh do línadh do arbaim alaill do imbim the furrows to be filled alternately with corn and butter, Laws iv 98.14 Comm. drécht diib i nAidniu, araill diib oc Dubcechair, ZCP viii 305.30 . Hence alaile . . . alaile etc. (the) one . . . the other, another: biit alaili and rofinnatar a pecte rosíu (sic) docói grád forru alaili is iarum . . ., Wb. 29a28 . alaaili diib hi remthechtas . . . alaaili dano it coitchena eter remthechtas, Sg. 215a1 . Later araill . . . de is used of all genders: comérgit Ulaid araill díb . . . araill, LU 5017 . Cf. a dá grúad . . . co ndeirgi fola laíg ┐ araill eile co solusgili sneachta, BDD² 38 . Also when first part of phrase contains ind ala (infra).

(b) With idea of mutual action each other: con rochra cách a.¤ lit. that each may love the other (= that all may love each other), Wb. 6d1 . rosbennach cách dib elathain aroile, Fél. 4.20 . Eogan . . .┐ Oed . . . do marbad aroili, Ann. Conn. 1340.12 . ar bruinnib ┐ ochtaip aroile ┐ a chēile, Fl. Earls, 80.17 . Frequ. with prepp.: combad imned for araill domsa so that it should be trouble upon trouble for me, Wb. 23b21 . Cf. in peccath for arele, 9c19 . is ball cách dialailiu, 5d4 . ar a ndig cechtar dīb sech anaile (araile v.l.) so that they can get past each other (of two chariots), Corm. Y 1082 (96.11) . ni dernai nechtar n-ai olc fri araili, TBFr. 24.3 = fria chéile, 420 . ón tráth co roili, BDD² 1251 . lán ón orsain go ar-oile / an teach . . ., DDána 85.37 . casmhail a rún dá-roile, 92.6 . an ro loitseat Goill ┐ Geraltaig imo roile (roile) isan tansa `the injuries mutually done upon each other', AFM v 1734.15 . dīss derbrāthor dieroile `two . . . brothers', Fl. Earls 124.1 . ?asrean a ceile agh fo laill do `his neighbour shall give him another calf', Laws iv 102.14 Comm.

(c) somebody, something; a certain person or thing . In sg.: araill tra cairigedarsom there is a certain thing (?) (`there are other things now which he blames'), Wb. 25b9 . So also: [con]-secha alaill indib (`he corrects another thing in them'), 26c1 . aroile do lāmhoip S. Niclās `one of the hands', Fl. Earls 80.20 . ba ingnad liasna Fomoire alaill tarfas doib isin cath a certain thing, RC xii 92 § 122 . atpert aroile fris `a certain man', Stair Erc. 1449 . Note also: ara ara bélaib isin charput sin araile forseng fánfota forbrec a charioteer in front of him . . . and he was, LU 9274 . In pl.: is sí cétbaid alanaile `this is the opinion of some', Ml. 36a1 . circunflex la grecu for alailib diib, Sg. 208b8 . With DI: araill d'feraib Midi `some of the men of M.', RC xviii 23.31 . do deachaidh fein cona mac . . . ┐ ar oile dia mhuintir innte, Leb. Gab.(i) 242.26 . d'foraithmet araill dona neithibh remraiti, 272.6 . araill d'áes na cemenn sin, CCath. 86 .

(d) As adv. (d s n.) arailiu `otherwise', Wb. 21a13 (introducing an alternative explanation); cf. alailiu chruth gl. aliter, Ml. 98d1 . alailiu, Wb. 9a23 (see Bergin, Ériu xiv 29 ; xvii 1; Pedersen, Ériu xv 188 ). alaile, Anecd. iii 59.2 . araili .i. gne eile, Laws iv 68.3 . Perh. also in TBC-I¹ 1044 , TBC-LL¹ 1833 ff. (reading ... cadān co leith. Allaile (alailiu LU) dia tonda etc.) .

C. The form (a)la, al(l).

I As adj.

(a) other, one of two, second (in this use a `compositional prefix', GOI § 394 ): all-aidchi on another night, IT ii2 194.21 . alachéill in sin, ZCP viii 313.29 . Morc .i. ala flaith na Fomoire, Leb. Gab.(i) 80.30 . béra cend ríg alathúaithi lat, BDD² 727 . fria lesa alabrugh of other territories, O'Curry 454 ( H 3.18, 242a ). rogrād fir alathīre 'great love of a man of another land', Ériu ii 15 § 2 . ? nach for ala thire tí tarrassais 'that you did not abide upon the surface of another land', PMLA lvi 940 ( LL 37013 ). li ala lécuinn Saul `by one of S.'s cheeks', Ml. 55c1 . ala n-or di i teg, a n-aill fri sīn, Corm. Y 35 (aurso). ala thred dub alaili find, Anecd. i 57 § 58 . tēora blaī būirig . . . blaī mescae . . . alablaī dúnaid la túatha téchtai tecraiter the second exemption, ZCP xi 83.1 . cath Ocha alachath `the second battle', RC xiii 54.10 . ala-chor second contract, Laws ii 274.z . mád ala feacht iar mbrethaib forru `for the second time', 66.16 . See also under compds. and 1 al. See also under allabrig.

(b) With article ind ala one of two, (the) one (. . . the other) (see also B II (a) supra): dotóeth indala fiacail airthir a chinn `one of the two teeth', Thes. ii 248.9 . arambé indala rann cen diall `that one of the two parts be undeclined', Sg. 74b6 . ind ala c. gl. praetermisit unam c (i.e. by writing hoc for hocc), 205b5 . co lluid tré scíath n-ete indala heóin one of the two birds, LU 3282 ( SCC § 7 ). doroigu ind ala fer . . . et romiscsigestar alaile, Wb. 4c16 . is léir dorigni indala lestar is dínnimu dongní alaill, 4c32-33 . ni coir dídnad dondala lucht et troscud dond lucht ailiu, 16c20 . īadais andala (indara, LU) sūil . . . asoilg alaile, TBC-I¹ 394 . benaid . . . Mac Cecht a chend dondala fir . . . ro boí in fer aile oc élúd, LU 7942 . Loch nE. dindala leith di ┐ Slíab C. dind leith ailiu, Trip.² 1957 . Later indara: indara láim dó fri ubull bragat in chon. dobeir araile fria chúl one of his hands, LU 5012 . indara fecht . . . canait ceol . . . in fecht n-aill contúaset fri ceól muintire nime, 1978 ( FA 5 ). is hé indara fer . . . ró an . . . Donnmal int aili, Trip.² 1521 .

(c) ind ala the second (cf. tánaiste): cengsat siar dind ara chur `for the second time', Metr. Dinds. iii 4.33 . isin dara cét lá deidenach don ré `on the second last day of the term', Laws iv 136.1 Comm. Hence in compd. numerals: ala rann deac `one twelfth', Thes. ii 13.29 (BCr.). issed indala nainmm déc the twelfth name, Thr. Ir. Gl. 25.9 = indara hainm, Corm. Y 750 . indala descipul lxx at the seventy-second disciple, Laws i 20.2 Comm. fir errainne co alasét sesed with sixty-two `séts' ZCP xii 361.21 . ?torad cach trethain ala cairrge, Laws v 484.2 (Comm. takes as all beyond). Cf. co treathan ala cairge no ala caire, O'Curry 20 ( H 3.18, 9a ).

(d) cach (a)la every other, every second: cach la céin . . . in céin naili sometimes . . . sometimes, Ml. 19b1, 3 . cachlacein `alternately', Mon. Tall. 146.29 (§ 52) . is i fescur cachlacēin / dlegar dīdnad dōib they are entitled to a meal on alternate days at vesper-time (of fasting regulations), ZCP xiii 29.14 . cach la sel dún for imrádud dé in sel aile for precept `at one time meditating on God, at another time preaching', Wb. 15d9 . ammarbad cach la sel iarum do a mbeogud indtale dia marbad `he continues alternately to mortify and revive them from their dying state', Mon. Tall. 147.16 (§ 52) . bó cona timthuch cech la blíadnai . . . colp[d]ach ḟirenn lee in mblíadnai n-aili every second year, Críth G. 266 . cach alablīa[dain] every second year, Corm. Y 1082 ( Anecd. iv 96.16 ). cach ara bliadain, Laws iv 140.29 Comm. druinech cechla bean / crecōir cechla fer, ZCP ix 170.17 . ate cuir treineacha la Feine cach la fear dia urgaire, alaili dia forngaire, Laws iv 54.13 . gach re n-am alternately, Dán Dé v 41 .

II n As subst. indala n-aí (invariable) one of the two: is dochu ind ala nái oldaas a n-aill, Wb. 4b24 . togu ind ala n-ái . . . damnad alaili `to choose one of the twain . . . to condem the other', 4c13 . ci atbela ind ala n-ái ni epil alaill, Sg. 30a3 . ind ala n-aí antúaid alaile andess, 67b22 . co n-accai in da mnaí . . . indala n-ai brat úaine impe alaili brat corcra, LU 3285 ( SCC § 8 ). elcuig indalanae, ruibidh alailiu, ZCP viii 105.11 . da fítt . . . inddala hí do tabirt do Día . . . araile do tomailt fadein, Mon. Tall. 161.10 (§ 80) . Later also ala (n-)aí: ar lēicse ala aí di arailiu, ZCP xv 316 § 10 . ni frith ala ai do thacru, 354 § 42 . dá [n]dorus [n]-and—comla[e] ar ala n-aí, clíath ar alailiu, Críth G. 101 . bōthar, talla dā boin fair .i. alanāi for fot alaile for tarsnae, Corm. Y 1082 ( Anecd. iv 96.17 ).

COMPDS. cosnamach fri hailecricha, Ériu viii 173.28 . i n-ailithír, Trip.² 2033 . asna hailithírib foreign countries, TTr.² 1747 (cf. ailithir). aile máthair, Sg. 152a2 (not treated as compd. by GOI § 394 . Perh. infl. by the Lat. altera mater). See also C I (a) above.

aisnéis

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aisnéis or dil.ie/2507
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: aisndís, faisnéis, -i, áisndís, aisndís, aisṅdís, aisṅdeis, aisṅdíis, aisndís, aisṅdís, aisndísen, aisṅdísen, aisdísen, aisṅdís, aisndís, aisndis, aisṅdísin, aisndisnea, asṅdisnea, aisndisen

n O. Ir. aisndís. n, f. (see GOI § 730 ). Later also faisnéis f. (g s. and n p. -i), IGT Decl. § 13 . Vn. of as-indet. IGT Verbs § 83 . n s. áisndís, Ml. 14d3 . aisndís, 44c30 . aisṅdís, 94b3 ; Sg. 59b7 . aisṅdeis, Sg. 161b3 . a s. aisṅdíis, Wb. 12d20 . aisndís, Ml. 145c8 . aisṅdís, 145c9 . g s. aisndísen, Ml. 40d18 . aisṅdísen, Sg. 203a4 . aisdísen, 198a10 . d s. aisṅdís, Wb. 27a8 . aisndís, Ml. 64d2 . aisndis, 126b1 . n p. aisṅdísin, Sg. 3b23 . a p. aisndisnea, Ml. 24b5 , 35b20 . asṅdisnea, 51d2 . g p. aisndisen, Ml. 64d2 .

(a) act of relating, telling, explaining; narration, explanation: cid glicc . . . oc aisṅdís, Wb. 27a8 . ni comadas du aisndís inna mmaraisndisenso acht in spirut noib, Ml. 64d2 . aisndís is tri chaingnímu rosegar . . . ind hires, 14c19 . cid écen áisndís do neuch as doraid coleir, 14d3 . aisṅdis dind fortacht durat dia do, 40b8 . hond aisndís gl. præfatu, 51c3 . huan aisndís gl. adnuntiatione sua, 42d10 . tre aisndéis sechmodachti, Trip.² 21 `a declaration of the past', Trip. isam ómun ar a a.¤ , LU 5349 (TBC). is fota fri haisnis is tophlíúin menman, 7913 . ní h-adlicgi . . . / a ḟasnís (aisnes v.l. St.) do ócaib Ulad, TBC-LL¹ 4769 . táin Bo Cualngni do faisnēis, ACL iii 4.11 . cenco cumhsanaind icca aisneis ria mbrath, Ériu ii 136 § 120 . scrutan screptra aisnis ḟorcitail, LL 371c45 . is rimsa . . . ro hérbad ar eisnéis ┐ a acallaim fíad int ṡlúag `for explanation', Ériu iv 144 § 22 . ger' bdar goacha na haisneisi `though the accounts were mendacious', CCath. 751 . Forus Feasa ar Éireann d'fhaisnéis, Keat. i 2.9 . examhlacht aisneisi, Leb. Gab.(i) 2.14 . ar Mac nDé mar fríoth faisnéis tidings , Dán Dé vi 6 . scél .i. moladh no a.¤ , Ériu xiii 77 § 223 .

Of pronunciation: inna aisṅdísen dochuirde .i. dochrud leo .n. indiad .m. `of the difficult pronunciation', Sg. 203a4 . derbaisṅdísin .i. derbḟogir gl. ipsae pronuntiationes, 3b23 . Of a biblical passage or saying: is he . . . leth ataībe an aisnesea la Matha, RC xlvi 233.25 . Of a type of satire: cis lir fodla aire . . . a tri .i. aisneis ┐ ail ┐ aircetal aisneis . . . indisiu tria hainsimh cen chuidbus, BB 299a6 ( Jn. Celt. Stud. i 201 ). a[t]aat tri fodla for aír .i. aisnéiss, ail, aircital aisnés .i. indessin tria táinsimad cin chuibd[iu]s con n-immdercad grúade, H 3.18, 870 (ib. 211 ). Of a type of metre: cetal na haisnése so sis, IT iii 63 § 125 . In phrase agallaim is faisnes, a metrical fault consisting in addressing and talking about a person in the same stanza: gabh h'eduidh . . . a Chumaill / na legeadh se a luing tar lear (1.) (na leig budh chóir), IGT Metr. Faults §§ 23 , 73 , 120-24 . faisnéis is agalluimh a n-énrann, Introd. 2.27 . lochdach . . . attús chomhfhocuil . . . faisnéis no agalluimh, 24 § 97 . as í an fhaisnéis nach cóir a ttús chomhfhocuil fúaras, do-chíeabh, tiogabh, no a leithéid eile, 28 § 121. Also fresnés go n-a.¤ , see fresndís.

(b) Legal act of giving information, informing (against): má ro innis is fiach faisneisin do . . .manar innis is fiach seillid uadh, Laws iii 104.24 Comm. fiach aisneise[n], O'Dav. 1420 . do'n thi do ni aisneis for in gataidh, Laws v 188.14 Comm. co rub aisneis doberar fair, 324.3 Comm. cutruma ata in fiach aisnesen d'urrad ┐ do deorad . . . don aisneis doniat . . . don aisneis doniter orro, O'Curry 2127 (H 4.22, p. 86). cethre aisnesi (sic leg.) no cethri gne i naí fogra aptha, Laws i 282.31 Comm. , 284.20 Comm. aire tuise .i. tuisechu i n-urd aisnesin he ina'n t-aire ard prior in right of speech, Laws iii 24.27 Comm. trí fáilte co n-íarduibi: fer tochmairc fer gaite fer aisnéise, Triads 67 . Cf. aigde aisnéise tell-tale faces, Tec. Corm. § 16.8 . In phrase freisneis ┐ a.¤ statement of case (by plaintiff) and answer (by defendant) see fresndís.

1 aithrigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 aithrigid or dil.ie/2785
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: athraigid

v Also athraigid. Late form of ad-eirrig and no doubt influenced by aithrige, q.v., see (b) below.

(a) changes, alters, moves (intrans. and trans.) Intrans. rí . . . / asathoil nir' athrucha who did not turn from his purpose, SR 7754 . re lia gcorr do chuir a shlios / . . . / níor aithnidh do chách an cleas / an treas tráth gur aithrigh as until he moved from it i.e. until he arose (of Christ), Dán Dé ix 29 . do athraigh sén catha cloinne Cais an lá sin, AFM v 1572.4 . co natrocadh an seantrom `so that the earth would change', Ir. Astr. Tr. 74.x . do shúil re hanáir nach athraigh / d'fhagháil dúinn i ndaghthaigh Dé, DDána 17.33 . athraigis in teagh . . . go rānic gusin log so, Fl. Earls 116 z . bídh cuid díbh doní etilladh ┐ aithrighius ón tír co céli (= qui vont de region en region), O'Gr. Cat. 213.9 . gur athruigh sé ó bhás gu beathaidh, John v 24 . anaidh ag bhar n-oidibh féin . . . ná hathraighidh, Content. xvi 83 . ? ó ro lessaig Fiacha in Féind / co ro athrígis-si, a Oisséin until you changed(?), Acall. 2492 .

Trans. niaithrégsa he hi céin bam beo, Fél.² li 20 = ni aithreghsa, Fél. Feb. 11 Comm. ro ath[ar]raigh longphort (atharraigh, v.l.), CCath. 1331 . tucc D. an baile sin do Déclan ┐ do athraigh fein a bhaile ass go hionad ele, ITS xvi 12.11 . gabhaid daoine is is díobh mé / an ród aimhréidh as fhaide / athraighid is claon céille / raon athghairid eichréidhe exchange(?), Dán Dé vi 3 . ní hathraighthe asa céim `was not changed from his rank', CCath. 80 . dá mbeith . . . go n-aithreōchainn na sléibhthe, Desid. 4244 . arthaigter co minic iad (of plasters), O'Gr. Cat. 193.4 . go nathruighid a mbeusa, Donlevy xv 5 . ní athróch-sa in téidedhsa, Caithr. Thoirdh. 107.37 . ní aithrigh síon séis mbuinne `the tempest does not alter the note of the stream', Studies 1921, 75 § 14 . ní háithreochthar fréamh a nfíréin, Proverbs xii 3 . áthruigh do chos ó nolc, iv 27 . athruigh uáimse do bhuille, Psalms xxxix 10 . do áthruigh tú mo thúarasdal, Gen. xxxi 41 .

With nouns indicating form, shape, appearance etc.: connách bia aingil . . . nách aithrébadh delbh lé mét in gábaid sin `qui ne change de forme', RC xxiv 382.20 . athrigedh (leg. -idh) an topur sin balad . . . cach aenúair has a different perfume, Maund. 147 . tobur J. athriges dath cacha bliadne cethri húaire, 103 . taom asar athraigh aigneadh, TD 15.3 . Cf. dá haighidh do aithrigh gné , DDána 103.4 . datharruigh a dhealbh `his countenance fell', Gen. iv 5 .

(b) repents: mani (manini MS.) aithriged (leg. aithriget, edd.), Mon. Tall. 128.6 (§ 2) . ro faillsige Dia i fiadnaisi na n-uili pobul corom aithriger-sa, YBL 156b49 . Vn. athrugad

alsites

Cite this: eDIL s.v. alsites or dil.ie/3015

n name of a disease: isin gne re nabur a.¤ , Rosa Angl. 270.4 . leiges na hidropise re nabur a.¤ , 286.21 (see Gloss.).

1 alt

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 alt or dil.ie/3016
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: a., alta, altæ, altu, alta, ailt, a.

n Orig. u, m.? ( cech a.¤ , Ml. 44d2 , but ald n-airge, ACL iii 293.z , cech n-a.¤ ┐ cech n-ága, TTr.² 492 and pass.). g p. -altæ, Corm. Y 41 , alta, RC xv 487 § 1 = altæ, Ériu xix 58 § 1 . Note also a p. altu, Fél. Ep. 323 (alta, v.l.). Later with g s. alta and ailt, n p. id., g p. a.¤ , IGT Decl. § 96 .

I

(a) joint, articulation (in human beings and animals): don a.¤ gl. jugulum, Gild. Lor. 69 gl. 201 . a.¤ día altaib = iunctura membrorum (of a serpent), Aisl. Tond. 109 § 4 . rolaad cach a.¤ asa choir dam gl. ita totus resolutus sum, Ml. 44d2 . mér airindí bīs ina aonar isin a.¤ i mbī, Corm. Y 890 . robīth Cūchulaind co ndec[h]aid a altaib dō so that his joints were dislocated, TBC-I¹ 2962 . For a different use with verbs see below. cach mball ┐ cach n-a.¤ ┐ cach n-ind ┐ cach n-āge, LU 6445 (TBC). lamh airgíd . . . edír mér ┐ a.¤ , BB 32b40 . tri halta atat isin meor, PH 6837 . cen tescud alta na feithe, Laws v 488.5 Comm. ar a.¤ a dhroma, RC xxix 138 § 56 . d'altaibh in droma, Rosa Angl. 98.19 . do benadh a throigh on a.¤ amach do mhac U., AFM vi 1884.15 . an deaslámh do dhol dá ha.¤ , DDána 21a. 22 . Fig. no gur sguch mh'annsa dha ha.¤ `till my heart left its wonted place', Ériu ix 6.55 . cíoch rér tairngeadh a fhíoch dá a.¤ , PBocht 2.4 . Cf. TBC-I¹ 2962 cited above. Occas. perh. limb: an dara dairt . . . / feoil is ailt ar a hionchuibh flesh and limbs are entrusted to it (of an arrow), DDána 78.13 . gan ghoin ag Dia ní fhoil aon-a.¤ / is lia ná soin daonnacht Dé, Dán Dé x 12 , cf. Keating's use of alt, goin below. Note also: chomhdhubh re gúal gach n-ailt dhe o bhonn go a bhathus, RC xxix 114.10 .

(b) Extended applications. Of the socket of a weapon: co tarrla [in sleg] ina ha.¤ . . . féin, Acall. 4905 . ro lingiustar in lann . . . as a altaib ┐ as a imdornnchur, MR 300.9 . Of some part of a sword: da claidim deg co n-altaib, BB 280b15 . tucustar tri tren beimenna do cruadaltaib in claidim `hard knobs', MR 300.24 . Note also: co n-a.¤ imrind, Arch. Hib. ii 61 § 37 . Of curls in hair: i n-earla na n-a.¤ , DDána 91.30 (of a hero).

II In literary contexts.

(a) Used by Keating (Keat., TSh.) of a subdivision of a book (leabhar), with further subdivision goin punctum, see guin, and cf. Dán Dé x 12 cited above. Perh. also in: mé dot ath-ghoin san a.¤-sa, Content. xxiv 4 (`now').

(b) Of the division between the syllables of words: indleas do dhialt . . . air ni fil a.¤ and i.e. it is improper to apply the name of any polysyllable (`recomarc', etc.) to a `dialt' (monosyllable), inasmuch as there is no a.¤ (juncture) in it, it is a unit, Auraic. 779 , 3582 . a.¤ ┐ dialt ┐ recomarc, O'Dav. 428 . a.¤ in anma prosta in re n-aimsire bis eter in da shillaib a inni, Auraic. 830 . in gne no in cenel int a.¤? Is cenel ecin, ar itat tri gnee fai .i. a.¤ saerda ┐ a.¤ aicenta ┐ a.¤ co feser, 890 . cate esse alta? . . . in toe tengadh fil don filid a[c] ceimniughudh don litir for araili mad a.¤ saerda no don sillaib for araili mad a.¤ aicenta artificial division (within a syllable), natural division (between syllables), 909 .

(c) metre (type of composition?): cia ha.¤ dona seacht n-altaib ind aircetail, Auraic. 925 . domiditer alta uad fri alta duine, 1237 . alta uad, IT iii 128.2 . co fesear cia ha.¤ huad, 3 . ca ha.¤ don maoin nachar mēin? (.i. ca haiste don eladain nachar foghlaim?) (B. na f.), ZCP v 489 § 10 . is dīlsiu don a.¤ airc[h]etail īsiu, Corm. Y 41 . do ṡluind na n-ilaltæ, ib. a.¤ .i. aircetail, O'Dav. 6 . ae a.¤ , 160 . co n-a ollaltaib cen ail (of poets), LL 18266 ( SG 84.44 ).

III Abstract applications.

(a) juncture, point (of time, etc.): ra ha.¤ na h-uaire sin, CRR 18 § 12 . a.¤ in lai sin `this very day', CCath. 5110 . i na.¤ in inaidh-sea `the nick or juncture of this place', 502 (see O'Cl. in (c) below). rob indethbir a gabail do láim a.¤ na huaire sin, O'D. 1588 (H 5.15, 8a).

(b) shape, form: an choill aig eirghe ina ha.¤ féin, BNnÉ 159 § 14 . in n-óige ailt in completeness of form, RC xxxvii 348 § 57 . Cf. Colmán . . . / la hógi a.¤ légend `with perfection of high studies', Fél. Sept. 26 . Luacair ard i toethsat fir / fuithi ata a.¤ in buanfir, Fen. 374.14 . ?tug an tAthair na a.¤ féin / a mhac (`in His stead'), A. Ó Dálaigh viii 3 .

(c) kind, sort: cia haltt delbi, PH 440 . cía ha.¤ con etir, Mer. Uil. 282 . cia ha.¤ dáine cia n-anmand, TFerbe 564 . cia ha.¤ airgne agat?, Metr. Dinds. iv 212.40 . ? ni ha.¤ coindircle maith do denam fria n-aen duin ┐ olc fri cach, YBL 168a14 . a.¤ .i. leithéid. in a.¤ an ionaidhsi .i. a leithéid an ionaidhsi, O'Cl.

(d) state, condition, circumstance: iarom bá halacht in ben / ropo mára.¤ airmiten, LU 4312 . ? nirbu mall marb-a.¤ don mnái, Metr. Dinds. iii 50.23 (` death-dirge '). gillai Chonnacht co caími / dáini ra troma.¤ truagi, TFerbe 626 . lén-a.¤ `sorry plight', Misc. Hag. Hib. 28 § 42 . ? a a.¤ a olcc / a chacht a chorp, IT iii 84 § 75 . Perh. also: créad do ghéandais san a.¤ (: falt) úd `in that case', PBocht 13.41 . Hence in phr. i n-a.¤ with gen. in a position to, able to: ná tathaoir T. / 's gan é i n-a.¤ bhur n-agallmha `as he cannot answer you', Content. iv l . ó taoi-se i n-a.¤ mh'agallmha, v l. gan é i n-a.¤ a agallmha it was impossible to speak to him(?), DDána 100.25 .

(e) way, manner: atat tri altai leusom for ind gabail i.e. they have three ways of chanting the psalms, Mon. Tall. 140.28 (§ 33) . noco n-a.¤ dōib taurcbāil a coss do neachtar de seach araile it is not their way (of two who always kept in step), TBC-I¹ 3312 . a.¤ mog mo coire (.i. is ē so gnīmrad mo coire), Anecd. v 23.5 . is ucht ra mórdílind a.¤ neich mar sein i trad-sa `action of anyone', CRR 40 . is essarcain cind fri hallib a.¤ neich mar sain, 42 . Freq. with prep. FO: nod slaid fón a.¤ cétna in the same manner, LU 3287 ( SCC 8 ). fond a.¤ sin, LL 280a23 ( SG 415.16 ). Also in phr. as cech a.¤ : cóir áli riu as cach a.¤ , LL 374c60 . fuaradar eg as cach a.¤ , MacCarthy 434 § 4 . But see: a Muire, mo bennacht ort | as cech n-alt 'O Mary, my blessing on thee in every part' Ériu xix 13 § 1 . ? a.¤ dár séan an binnse bláth `this brilliant Bench (sc. of justice) hath been our welfare's hinge', Ó Bruad. ii 276.20 .

Very common in chevilles: a.¤ cen imresain, SR 6038 . a.¤ co mbuadhaib, Anecd. i 73 § 215 . ald n-airge, ACL iii 293.z . drong tria a.¤ , IT i 78.31 . cen altu áig, Metr. Dinds. iv 98.91 . aichre a.¤ , Rawl. 148a3 .

Compds. ¤-bisech: th'earla bhíos ag breith ailtbhisigh increasing in length (?), DDána 114.6 . ¤-chaín: mānāis leathanglas fordūal altchāin uindsenn, TBC-I¹ 3346 `on a fair shaft of ash', Faraday. ¤-cháem: dfoghadhaibh altchaémha uinnsionn beautiful ash-handled javelins, AFM vi 2130.4 . ¤-chóir: aenmac altc[h]ōir, RC xxxvii 348 § 60 . ¤-géimnech: alt-gheimnech a n-a. `cracking of their joints', MR 256.20 . ¤-gorm: cloidhme altgorma, CF 880 . ¤-lethan: Echaid a. big-limbed, Fen. 28.22 .

amáin

Cite this: eDIL s.v. amáin or dil.ie/3061

Forms: ambain, immáin, amáin, a-bháin, a-mháin, aman, amhán

Mid. Ir. form of nammá, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 165 ; of amein, Vendr. Lex. In Mid. Ir. with unlen. -m(m)-: ammain, Mon. Tall. 136.8 . LU 2485 . TBC-LL¹ 449 . ambain, Mon. Tall. 127.17 . immáin, BColm. 60.12 . Note also in amáin, TBC-LL¹ 544 . Stressed on second syll., and in classical verse a-bháin, a-mháin alliterating with b(h)- and (less frequently) m(h)-. Note also aman: dál, SR 7254 . amhán, Mac Aingil 140 (see DDána Gloss . ).

adj (a) Following a noun and limiting it in sense only, and no more, and nothing else: cóic aige in amáin ba hé cuit fer [ṅ-]hErend, TBC-LL¹ 544 ( LL 8005 ). ind domnaichib ammain (sic leg., Edd.), Mon. Tall. 136.8 (§ 24) . ni dumada criadh nó fót amain not of earth and sods only, CCath. 3428 . sé chéad déag bliadhan amháin (= a-bháin) only 1600 years, Arch. Hib. i 84 § xv . gurab é an croidhi amhán do-nī é, Mac Aingil 140 . an ruibēr sin amhāin eidirdealaiges etorra `nothing except the river divides them', Fl. Earls 38.2 . lóirghníomh Chríostt . . . téid amháin a ttarbha do chách which alone profits, Mac Aingil 5204 .

With prec. acht: ni fogni laisim fachmarc scel dóib, acht a torbai frisa tíagad ambain, Mon. Tall. 127.17 (§ 2) . acht innocht amain, CCath. 2698 . acht a ccurp comhfhocuil amháin save only in the interior of a compound word, IGT Introd. 3.3 . ní fhuair buime Dé . . . acht Eoin Bruinne abháin, Dán Dé ii 26 . acht so amháin is maith aithnim / fearg an mhéirghil `it is this alone . . . that causes the anger', TD 8.36 . With follg. acht: leis ní háir don uile bhean / amháin acht Muire maighdean, Arch. Hib. i 100 § xxii . amain acht tri deichneabair save only, BB 29a41 . amháin acht lucht aenethair, AFM i 354.6 .

With cid: cid ina insi fadessin amáin even into his own island, Mon. Tall. 128.24 (§ 4) .

With pron.: cidhed aman ba hingnad, SR 7254 . nocha hí abháin acht an bhas not only that but . . ., Dán Dé ix 5 . ní hé so amháin acht bheith ullamh ó chroidhe, Desid. 1605 . ní hiad amháin fuair . . . acht drong mhór oile, TSh. 92 . ní headh amháin achd atá an saoghal uile . . ., Desid. 90 . ní hé amháin acht as adhbhal an tiongnadh, Ó Héodhusa 54.5 . ní hē amhāin trí lá achd an feadh as toil lém Thigherna not for three days only but . . ., Mac Aingil 3798 . Hence with omission of acht giving phr. tantamount to moreover, in addition: ní hé amháin ní ghabhuid . . . moreover they do not take, Párl. na mB. 542 . as beg dhíobh nách bí contrárdha dá chéile na ccreideamh; ní hé amháin bídh enduine amháin díobh go minic contrardha dhó féin . . ., Ó Héodhusa 34.9 . ní hé amháin ní ṡaoilim go nanfadh duine ar bioth angioll ar a creideamh innte . . ., 36.6 . ní hé amháin nar an ar aonord / gar do cháidh do chaollorg Críosd, PBocht 1.10 . Note also: cia amháin do iarr a oighidh ? who ever asked for death ? Aithd. D. 64.22 .

With n. pr. gé do ríne Muire amháin / an líne uile d'eadráin `by herself', Dán Dé xvii 28 .

adj (b) Hence with sg. noun one: bráthair a-bháin, IGT Decl. ex. 1290 . lēige amhāin one league (only), Fl. Earls 86.14 . mellion amháin, 82.6 .

More frequ. with prec. óen: éngheall abháin one single pledge, TD 22.10 . d'ēin-inntinn amháin `with one accord', Fl. Earls 132.14 . éin-pheacadh amháin, TSh. 9187 . énchrann amhāin a single tree, Desid. 495 .

(c) Less commonly with verb: an toradh bhlaismíd amháin the fruit which we merely taste, Desid. 6667 . anaid amain, RC x 66.12 (anaidsi namma, v.l.).

adj (d) Limiting the meaning of a phrase: amháin as a árdmhaith `in His goodness alone' (Gloss.), Desid. 2990 . amháin ar eagla pian, Mac Aingil 206 . a cuirp do cur dar longphort immach amain `only to throw . . .', CCath. 3493 . ag dénamh amháin na hurnuighthi . . . órduighthear dhúinn just by reciting the prayers, Mac Aingil 5067 . don té do-ní an aithridhi amháin a bpongc an bháis, 6658 .

With a clause with finite verb: focheird deit chubus ammain la slemni `merely send him away from thy confession gently', Mon. Tall. 128.3 (§ 2) . dia torset cucaind imáin `if only they come to us', BColm. 42.1 . dēna-sa in fuine immáin `only begin to bake', 60.12 . nī mōr go rāngatar amach assin gcathraigh amāin `they had scarcely left the city', Fl. Earls 146.20 . a choissrecadh assa mbiadh amhāin i n-a teghduiss . . . etorguide in choimdedh aca `to . . . consecrate it so that it might serve only as . . . ', 112.14 .

In phr. acht a.¤ save that, however, nevertheless: acht ammáin is ferr in becan sa díb d'innsin, LU 2485 . acht amháin go maireann drithle gan dul as, O'Gr. Cat. 473.1 . eirgit uile . . . acht amāin ro buī gnē ēgcruais fiaprasa ar in ierla, Fl. Earls 174.22 . Note also: acht nad bet sin cháir chomraic itát ammáin provided only that they be not, TBC-LL¹ 449 . ní headh acht amháin do chum seirbhísi Dé do dhéanamh, Desid. 1663 .

amgné

Cite this: eDIL s.v. amgné or dil.ie/3135

n ( gné ) evil aspect: iarum rosrathaig Túath Dé / ros-brathaig úath is amgné, Metr. Dinds. iii 4.46 .

anairches

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anairches or dil.ie/3318

adj (2 airches)

(a) unseemly, unbecoming, improper: co ro shoera ar ttengtha (sic leg.) ar eslabrai n-ainairchis `inept loquacity', Ir. Lit. 26.17 (see eslabrae). etsecht fri briathraib dimaine na fri scelaib anoirchessa in tshaegail, PH 6878 . nirb ḟuighell olc a.¤ , Fen. 348.28 . gan comrād n-anoirc[h]es / gan ēgnach neich, ZCP viii 201.3 .

Subst. impropriety: dímaine ┐ anaircheas in t-soegail, PH 3565 . fri cech n-olc ┐ fri cech n-anoirches, 6868 . cid mōr d'ulc do-gné choidhche / d'anoirchess is d'anḟorbthi, Celtica ii 29.14 . is e na roleic nach nanairchius chuice riam triana eistechtuibh, Lism. L. 4892 . fir Mumhan don leith andeas / gan ainbhfíor gan anoircheas, Keat. iii 575 .

(b) In favourable sense: fer . . . do beredh go hanoirches anní no ghebhedh ` unstintingly ', ALC ii 230.18 .

2 anba

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 anba or dil.ie/3385

n f. (cf. prec.) great quantity: immainait dóib . . . a.¤ móir dona h-écnib, LU 1920 . ro melt anbba do thuirind, Hib. Min. 71.21 . tecmallsat a.¤ dina hublaib, LU 1694 ( RC ix 474.21 ). anbae d'aesaib, Anecd. i 52 § 19 . atā and a.¤ do neoch aisnither dun as doilig do creitiumh much of what we are told is hard to believe, Ériu ii 118 § 55 . fo cen aoi. ingen tsoifis . . . muchaidh ainbḟios in-féd a.¤ , Ériu xiii 39.13 (see Celtica vi 239 - 240 ). ? ni incoisc idhna um a.¤ .i. nocha nincoiscter in tí bis a nglaine cé do gné umad mór do bais, O'Curry 2469 ( Eg. 88, 38a ) = ni i. idhna imarbai (.i. go do denam), 430 (H 3.18, 233b).

anfoirbthe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anfoirbthe or dil.ie/3577
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: anḟoirbthe

adj (1 foirbthe). Later anḟoirbthe

(a) incomplete, imperfect (of persons or abstract qualities): imchesti anfoirbthi `imperfect mutual questions', Wb. 29c11 . mád anforbthe ind anim, LU 2126 ( FA 19 ). ar tola collaide ┐ ar n-accobar anforbthi, LB 132a17 . díchurid uad in uabar n-anforpthi, PH 3494 . is anfhorbthe sin a cleirig (of a cleric tempted by desire), Fél. 40.25 . dōene anforbthi, ACL iii 316 § 44 . As subst.: ni tuccai nach a.¤ / buith fo riaguil mo chomae `no imperfect one understands', Ériu i 202.8 . cid mor d'ulc do-gné . . . / . . . is d'anfhorbthi, Celtica ii 29.13 . In religious sense: int óis a.¤ , Wb. 13c13 . do óis anfoirbthiu, 12d26 . na bi heirisi .i. na bi hanḟoirbthi, O'Curry 2287 ( Eg. 88, 21(22)c ). In more literal sense: ionadh fhir anfhoirfe rude, uncivilized(?), BS § 58 . Of young people, immature : minores .i. inn aes moith ┐ anfoirbthe, Ml. 45b17 . lenamh ócc anfoirbti, BNnÉ 239 § 171 . an giolla beg anfoirbthi (of Cú Chulainn), TBC St. 742 .

(b) Of numbers: foirbthe ar anfoirbthiu `a perfect number for an imperfect' (gl. decem milia), Wb. 9a10 , 12d25 . corrici míli .i. foirbthe ar anfoirbthiu gl. et alia mille, Sg. 207b10 . āirim anforbthe amal atā .iii. . . . āirim forbthe ut est a sē . . . airim ollforbthe ut est a dō dēc, Auraic. 1443 . is si sin in dethber airme anforbhthe amal rogabh a tri no a cuig ar nach fuillter o chouitibh, 4493 . āirem anfhurmithi na n-apstal īar n-imorbus i.e. eleven, MacCongl. 51.14 .

Gramm.: sechmadachtae n-a.¤ past imperfect (tense), Ml. 62a16 .

aradu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aradu or dil.ie/3941

Forms: aradha, aradnach, aradhnachaibh

n n, f. aradha f., IGT Decl. § 9 .

(a) preparation, arrangement, disposal, treatment . In Laws only in Comm.: aradha athgabala orrudh, ii 66.19 . athgabail tulla . . . is e a haruda, i 212.29 . as ar athgabail inbleoguin ata in aradha sin, 290.19 . aradhu ┐ frithgnumh in luaidh . . . da trian innech bias ar aradhain, ii 416.28 . im aradain ┐ im leth frichnam na trebaire, 392.12 . ? ealadu ┐ frichnum air (of an iron pot), v 18.1 . arada na cuic seoit (sic for seot) romhuinn orro, 42.z . da rann dec do denum de in arudhu adrubramar romaind, iii 340.24 . mana fuil ceithri cutruma aithgina do smacht ann is arudha seoit diubulta `it has the graduation of a double 'sed'', 342.12 . isi so in aradha ara roich .x. mba na fomolta and, O'Curry 1000 (H 3.18, 427a). in fiche gne saerda catead a n-araide (aradnai, v.l. 4819) foraib how are they classified? Auraic. 1639 . Of preparing food: do-ronsat cuiccnecht in n-úain cháscda ┐ a aradain, PH 5098 . as ferr áradhu immat, BNnÉ 29.6 . Treatment in general: ba cóem . . . in phelait . . . ba líach drocha.¤ furri, TFerbe 402 . tabraid aradain cóir forsin anmain, PH 3569 . tabair h'áradain féin fair, RC xxvi 366.3 . roba córa daimh fri har ┐ tarrudh libh, oldas an aradhain uccat do thabairt for deisciplaibh Dé (of monks engaged in digging and field-labour), BNnÉ 297 § 32 . Cf. aradhain uilc .i. droich-dhíol, O'Cl. fúair in gein aradain olc / ac fagadaib i Fornocht `met ill treatment', Metr. Dinds. iii 74.111 . sobartan .i. soaraide .i. araide maith, O'Dav. 1454 .

(b) rein(s) (note g p. aradnach, ITS xxiv 62.25 . d p. aradhnachaibh, AFM vi 2168.1 ): rogabastár éssi astuda a ech i n-a thuasri .i. aradna a ech, LU 6398 (TBC). arathain, echsrian no delg, Laws i 134.12 Comm. a srian cona aradnu hítha, MacCongl. 81.5 . gabaidh aradhaín in e[i]ch in a laim, Aen. 2848 . ro lacsat na marcaigh a n-aradhna da n-echaibh, CCath. 1274 . is secht n-eich a n-aradnaibh, BB 271b15 . arádha eich na láimh, Duan. F. i 30.19 . a láim na haradhan, IGT Decl. ex. 313 . Fig. fad aradhna Dé ar a dhoirr / do bhoing sé a hanumhla inn, ex. 320 . do ní ar a fheirg arodhain controls, Dán Dé xxii 25 . ceann m'aradhna ná léig lim do not give me my head, IGT Decl. ex. 311 . toil na hoileamhna ag iarraidh ar n-aradhna trying to rein me in, DDána 70.2 .

ar-icc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ar-icc or dil.ie/4161

Forms: ar-icc, -airicc, -airic, -airicc, arrecat, -arget, arecar, -airecar, aranecatar, arrecaiter, -ierichter, -arí, -airi, -airsead, arisar, aranísar, arahīssed, -airsitis, arista, aristae, -airesta, arricfam, ar(r)icfe, arricfa, araanic, -airnicc, -fairnic, -farnaic, -airnettar, -airnechtatar, -fairnechtar, arícht, -airecht, airicta, arriachta, airged, arath, -airg[f]e, fuircéba, furcéba, -fargebasu, -arnecair, arriacht, ariacht, arerāncatar, -airnecht, arrancas, airnechta, air(i)cid, aircestar, airic, ḟairig, airich, hairced, hairged, airec, airechtain

v (* air-icc-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 552 ). Sometimes with initial f in prot. forms. Indic. pres. 3 s. ar-icc, BDD² 1306 . -airicc, Wb. 9b24 . -airic, 19b2 . -airicc, Sg. 137b4 . 3 pl. arrecat, LU 1746 . -arget, LL 344d47 . Pass. sg. arecar, Sg. 59a7 . 66b16 . 137b2 . 145b3 . -airecar, 20a9 , 145b3 , 162a1 , 173b6 . Pl. aranecatar, Sg. 8a5 , 65a11 . Ml. 19d21 . arrecaiter, Hib. Min. 2.30 . ? -ierichter, IT iii 24.23 . Subj. pres. 3 s. -arí, -airi, Ml. 30d24 . ? 3 pl. -airsead (= airset), Laws iv 130.13 Comm. Pass. sg. arisar, Ml. 30d23 . aranísar, Sg. 209b13 . Subj. impf. 3 s. arahīssed, Corm. Y 825 . 3 pl. -airsitis, Vita Br. 1 . Pass. sg. arista, Sg. 184b3 . aristae, Ml. 110d6 . -airesta, Ériu ii 98 § 1 . Fut. 1 s. arricfam (aricfam, ar(r)icfe v.ll.), Fél. Dec. 30 . 3 s. arricfa, LU 7343 . Pret. and perf. 3 s. araanic, Sg. 217a4 . -airnicc, Trip.² 1257 . -fairnic, Anecd. iii 57.27 . -farnaic, SR 3736 . 3 pl. -airnettar (read -airnectar, Sarauw, Irske Studier 139 ), Ml. 108c8 . -airnechtatar (airnecht— v.l.), Trip.² 1110 . -fairnechtar, LL 276b3 . Pass. sg. arícht, Sg. 197a11 . -airecht, 198b3 . Pl. airicta, Hib. Min. 8.265 . arriachta, Auraic. 1110 .

Later forms. ? Ipv. 2 s. air .i. éirigh, O'Cl. ? 3 s. airged (= eirged, text), RC xxi 380.14 v.l. ? Subj. 3 s. arath, LL 394.56 . Fut. 2 s. (forms with -éb- are due to infl. of fut. of gaibid): -airg[f]e, TBC-LL¹ 854 ( -fuaircifesa, TBC-I¹ 354 = fuircéba, LU 4843 = furcéba, ZCP ix 129.36 , included under fo-ricc). 1 pl. -airg[f]em, TBC-LL¹ 849 (cf. -fairgēbasu, TBC-I¹ 349 . LU 4838 . -fargebasu, ZCP ix 129.30 ). Pret. and perf. 3 s. -arnecair, TBC-LL¹ 2983 . ? arriacht, RC xii 80 § 74 . ariacht, xxiv 178.7 (infl. of ar-saig?). 3 pl. arerāncatar, ZCP viii 308.34 . Pass. sg. -airnecht, Thes. ii 348.1 , SR 2705 (see GOI p. 440 ). arrancas, SR 1249 . Pl. airnechta, Hib. Min. 8.262 .

As simple vb. air(i)cid. pret. 3 s. ro aircestar , CCath. 993 . ro airic , ZCP iv 239.12 . ro ḟairig , 240.2 . ro airich , RC xii 96 § 125 . Pass. sg. ro hairced , TTr.² 368 . ro hairged , RC xii 78 § 69 .

Vn. airec, airechtain.

(a) comes upon, meets, finds: issed inso nad chumaing aranísar and `'tis this which cannot be found there', Sg. 209b13 . inmain féil . . . / i ṅairecht . . . / corpán . . . S. `in which the body of S. was found', Fél. Aug. 3 . co n-airesta ┐ co fogabtha set bethad `might be ascertained', Ériu ii 98 § 1 . ferr in cosmail caol fodae / dūs in airsed (airsidh v.l.) ecc occa in the expectation that he might meet death there(?), ZCP vii 311 § 15 . ní arnic A. a dáil A. did not keep his tryst, LU 10767 (= Ériu xii 170 , fairnicc v.l.). is hé arddaánaic acht .u. oss arránic in slóg ule díib it is he who got them except five deer which the rest of the army got, LU 4660 ( TBC-I¹ 197 ). arránic-som . . . maiss n-óir, Trip.² 1057 . arrecat abaind they meet a river, LU 1746 . Ceasair . . . cetna arriocht (.i. rainicc) Éri reached, Leb. Gab.(i) 8.3 . deda airegar ann, BB 323b33 . arrecaiter . . . da gne for suidiu, IT iii 8 § 8 . ? tenecol nach traigedhdubh / airegar i n-airegal, 89 § 110 . ind inchinnib dracon arrecar (of a precious stone), Ériu ii 116 § 46 . aranic rainn de o . . . some of it he got from . . ., ZCP ii 322.11 . fer laisi fuirecar set . . . .i. ac a nairgither, Laws v 262.23 Comm. na bésa arichta on maighister, Lism. L. 3961 . a tri on airecur tol Dé, LB 71 marg. is Dala fodessin ros airnecht dó `D. himself that discovered it for him', Dinds. 58 ( RC xv 454 ).

Perh. intrans. in: cia arránic? what has happened? LU 6363 (TBC). Note also: ni arnecair úad a rádha acht Fiach Fiach (ni tairnic les do rada acht F.F. v.l.) all he could say was F.F., TBC-LL¹ 2983 (cf. 645 , 2071 ). See cíar(r)icc.

(b) effects, contrives, brings to pass (freq. with vn. obj.): ní airic ní césad crist gl. Christus gratis mortuus est, Wb. 19b2 . ar-icc arechtain cacha himdae . . . di lind he contrives to serve each bed(?), BDD² 1306 . nuchun airrecht in druí mór nimthathand a tuarascbáil do thabairt ó sin immach, MU² 785 and n . is amlaid so arricht compert Bresi `came to pass', RC xii 60.7 . ? co n-airnecht a (om. v.l.) inndliged friss he was treated unjustly(?) (con-airicc ?), Anecd. ii 42.7 .

(c) devises; composes, invents: aire arrancas in crann ṅgúr (hypermetr.) for this the tree was devised, SR 1249 . lais cetna airnecht in sain . . ., 2705 . coimsid . . . las' n-airnecht a n-ōenach n-ān `the lord . . . by whom was established the famous Fair', Ériu xvii 38 § 8 . A.¤ Mac Coissi arainic in n-airec menman-sa, Anecd. ii 42.4 . is e Cendfaelad arainig in lebar-sa who composed this book, Auraic. 81 . Of inventing an implement: resiu arista brao `before a quern was invented', Sg. 184b3 . F. . . . cruisech la gae inhEire ise roairnecht, Rawl. 143a52 . is leis ariact carpaid cetra n-each, BB 254b13 .

(d) decides on, purposes: is i comarli arranic, LU 6143 (TBC). issi comuirle arriacht Nuadha `the decision to which N. came', RC xii 80 § 74 . conadh i comhairle arriacht lá cleirchibh Éireann, AFM ii 952.11 . conid e aireacc arrainicc leo corbmac . . . dfaoidhedh, iii 320.6 . issed tra arrícht occo and sin im dála dilgotha that was what was decided by them, LU 9783 ( RC vi 165.6 ). is ed arrícht leo Eochaid do marbad, Ériu xii 190.17 .

aslach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aslach or dil.ie/4447

Forms: faslach

o, n. vn. of ad-slig. Also faslach. act of tempting, inducing, instigating; temptation: dogníat cach pecad trea n-a.¤ -som, Wb. 30c14 . it mathi side oc aslug, 30c13 . hond asluch messidiu gl. iudiciali suggestu, Ml. 26c9 . huand asluch gl. sugestu, 109b5 . inna a.¤ gl. suggestiones, 38a6 . in miaslaig gl. malæ persuasionis, 28b7 . fri aslaige demnae `against seductions of devils', Fél. Ep. 198 . atomriug indiu . . . ar aslaigib dūalche `against temptations of vices', Thes. ii 356.17 . tria fhaslach na rígna fair at the instigation of the queen, PH 904 . braighde Laigen . . . do marbad . . . ar a.¤ Tigernáin Ua Ruairc, RC xviii 280.2 (Tig.). re ha.¤ na n-amaidead n-ifernaidi, MR 166.18 . bi dom a.¤, a chruth fial, Dánta Gr. 11.38 . Attempt, attack: ni fail aslaig ar Hérind, Metr. Dinds. iii 104.3 `it is no place for an attempt upon Ireland(?)', Dict. Fasc. 2 fail. fiarfaighis . . . scela an faslaigh sin . . . .i. an macamh . . . do marbad, Ériu iii 160 § 13 .

With obj. gen. or vn. clause of the action urged on a person: is glicc som oc aslug in phectho `in tempting to sin', Wb. 14d27 . triaslach foir giallae dialailiu `by tempting him to submit to another', Ml. 141d1 . oc a.¤ cach uilc, LU 2440 . ic asslach fair cech maithiusa `persuading him to every good thing', RC xxvii 302 § 76 . cid he is auctor oc a.¤ in césta, PH 3270 . a a.¤ for fearaib Erenn . . . in righi dia braithir, BB 263b44 . ro ghabhsidhe for a.¤ iomfuirigh for lucht an teichidh, AFM vi 2286.2 . ic faslach for A. tocht i nagaidh D. `urging A. to enter against D.,' Aen. 1079 .

In weaker sense of persuading, influencing, suggesting; persuasion, suggestion: air biid a.¤ oc eráil inna brithemnachtae condárbastar gné firinne fuiri gl. tribunalis sugestus caelestis describitur, Ml. 95b6 . ni ar onoir det-siu . . . acht ar asslach ┐ comarli m'oessa grada, PH 636 . ag a.¤ ┐ ag eadarghuidhe ort, Carswell 63.17 . tré a.¤ atchuingidh by dint of persuasion, ML 60.21 . conad he a n-a.¤ ┐ a n-impide-sein air-sim, MR 168.17 . lucht aslaig ┐ urála, CCath. 523 .

Of petitioning for a parley, truce: ni hasslach fuaratar . . . ┐ ni trocaire, CCath. 5766 . teachta do chor uatha d'a.¤ síodha, AFM v 1360.15 . nīr gab aon a.¤ uad (of Conn), ML² 1625 . In sense of wheedling, soliciting: forbrissed cech trūaig, a.¤ cech triūin (signs of `avaritia'), ZCP iii 26.2 . is trom céadaslaigh na gcliar / ar fonn ngéagarsaidh nGailian poets' requests, DDána 117.7 . a.¤ .i. furáilemh, O'Cl. faslach .i. furail, Lec. Gl. 384 , Stowe Gl. 372 .

? atraiter

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? atraiter or dil.ie/4911

ind a.¤ dā tresgné de randaigecht, IT iii 16 § 41 . Cf. adrimter gne naill do r., 27.8 .

ballsgóit

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ballsgóit or dil.ie/5312

n f. (ball) (cf. 1 nescóit) blister, pimple, swelling: latae pustulae . . . .i. ballsgoide leathna, 23 K 42 , 90.7 . at bán, no ballscóid shiollseach (sic) bhán ┐ gné dheirghe ann = spot, Levit. xiii 19. an bhallscóid shoillseach, 23 . Of the star of Bethlehem: ar rochtain rig na cruindi / don ballsgoid reid reltuindi, Lib. Hymn. 194.38 .

bánaid, bánaigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bánaid, bánaigid or dil.ie/5321
Last Revised: 2019

v (bán)

(a) turns pale (trans. and intrans.), whitens : na banaiter fergnúsi / i ccruadaib comraicthib, LU 8426 ( FB 29 rhet.). no imdergtha in cend indara fecht ┐ ro bánta in fecht aile, LL 13535. ca galar borb ro-t-básaig ┐ ro-t-bánaig, CRR 3. ra bansatar a ṅgnúsi, 39 . cia banait . . . do beoil, PH 8131. robanad imi, TTebe 3365 . o ra bánaiged a bonn (of a dead man), Ir. Review 1912, 248 § 9 (cf. MU² 988 cited s.v. bán). bánaidh grian gné na gcorcrach 'the sun whitens the hue of the gilly-flowers', Giolla Brighde 164 § 10 .

(b) lays waste: gur bhánuigh sí ioliomad (sic) do thíortha (of a `píast'), Maguires of F. § 3.

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