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ad-cuimben

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-cuimben or dil.ie/405

Forms: athchum(m)aid, adrochmaither, aidchuimthe, athchumma

v (*ath-com-ben-) strikes, cuts, wounds, lacerates . Later athchum(m)aid. adomchumben a dule its leaves tear me, Corm. Tr. 8. x . at[h]cuman amail rainn (leg. rind?), iterdiben amail faebar, ZCP iv 243.23 . eisce adcumann arm, O'Curry 245 ( H 3.18, 141 ) = atcuimen, 626 ( ib. 303 ); adcuimen, O'D. 868 ( H 3.17, 621 - 622 ) `a wound which a weapon inflicts', Plummer MS notes. huilliu adcumnet indate chlaidib `they wound', Ml. 77a1 . cichsit hÉrendmaig . . . atacumbat echtraind secht mbél fri firu Goedel (a prophecy), ZCP xiii 379.4 (fut. 3 pl.?). athcummaid amal rinne, LL 371a34 . athchummass cach immad, LL 243b6 , `wounds', TTr. 1981 . is bidba delg athchummas chness, LL 13802 . nóathcumad cech aén (of a demon), Lat. Lives 95.x . ? athcummai (atcumcai, v.l.) a delg, LL 14241 (rhet.) ro athchummai M. `he wounded M', TTr.² 1415 . ro cirred iarom ind lám sin ┐ ro hathchummad, LU 7995 . gur h-athc[h]umaid aighthi na mīled, ML² 1733 . ma adrochmaither , O'Curry 808 ( H 3.18, 374a (subj. pres. sg. pass.).

Part. aidchuimthe gl. cauteriatam, Wb. 28c17 .

Vn. athchumma.

1 gal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 gal or dil.ie/25277
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: gail, gal, goil, gal, ghoil, ghal

n ā, f. n s. also gail; d s. and a s. occas. gal. goil, IGT Decl. § 14.17 . gal (grēine) o, m. § 73 ; g s. an ghoil gréine, ex. 1564 ; d s. ōn ghal , ex. 1567 . Used to form vn. of compds. of 1 fichid, e.g. irgal, dígal, etc., prob. also in ecal (<*ek(s)gal), esgal (gl. [a]estus, Ml. 96b11 ). Possibly orig. sense is seething heat, passing into that of mental excitement or rage. Cf. vbs. 1 fichid fights and 2 fichid boils which are probably akin. See Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 521.

(a) warlike ardour, fury, valour: gail .i. beodacht, O'Dav. 1037 . ecal .i. cen gail, O'Mulc. 354 . ? gal .i. galar ... quia motat mentem , 614 . cruaid a gal, IT i 107.25 . am amnus ar gail ocus gaiscced, 142.1 . addaimet ... do gail ocus do gaisced, FB 11 ( LU 8150 ); in gal ┐ fiuchiud na ferge ... i n-erbruinnib na láech, TTr.² 860 . cor[o] islighea a ngal, CCath. 2493 . bái side bar gail ┐ bar fogail Ailella, TBC-LL¹ 2894 . TFerbe 372 . amail sóersai Daúid de gail claidib Góli, Fél. Ep. 484 . ní dechaid coll cána ar goil ... escaped his valour, ACL iii 304.4 . ba gaoth i ngal `he was wise in conflict,' Studies 1918, 281 § 11 . ba gal craidi leis perturbation of heart, Cog. 194.25 ; 72.3 . fuair bás ann do ghal retha from ardour of running, Acall. 1617 . ? nocho rabhasa fós ... bhaili bud gairdi rem ghal ná na mesc `where my time sped more quickly,' 1585 . g s. láith gaile fer nhÉrend, IT i 100.5 . lathus gaile Góedel uile, FB 89 ( LU 9160 ). do chomramaib gaili ┐ gascid, TBC-I¹ 1862. 2046 . ar nert gaile by dint of valour, TTr.² 55 . a n-n[e]urt gaile, 996 . cona ṡlúag lán gaile, Fél. Jan. 11 . re huair ṅgaile, Ériu v 223.54 . én gaile, see én . pl. feats of valour (?): ar gressaib gal, Thes. ii 293.20 . for gói gnaith sraintear gala battles are ever gained, MR 120.19 . nirbu Gabran cen gala | i n-aimsir meicc Murchada, Rawl. 84b40 . indsaighfidh gala, Lism. L. 2806 . a bhferga ┐ a ngala (ngalu MS) oc dula do chath, Ériu ii 130.20 . da mac samla galaib gliad, TBC-LL¹ 4053 . ar galaib dagḟer, Ériu v 222.39 . miser fiana iarna ngalaib, O'Dav. 1037. Content. xxx 35 . ō galaib ōenḟer, ZCP xi 109 § 21 . ar galaib oenḟer (—ḟir) by unaided valour (often = in single combat): ar galaib ōenfer roggōeta uli, TBC-I¹ 1522 . ar galaib oenḟir, TBC-LL¹ 1642 . in triar thuc Mac C ... ar galaib óenfer, BDD 94 . comrac for galaib oen-fir, MR 70.6 . gaibid ar gail challenges: rogab Gablach Fuiter ar gail, RC xv 323.9 ( Dinds. 23 ). Of animals heat, fury: fuil aidhe rogiallathar gail, Laws v 152.3 , with gl. in adh da ngialland a gail merachta, 154.11 . Cf. (among legal exemptions) slan do na damaib in gail doniat, iii 266.16 Comm. gala mathgamna ┐ brotha leóman, BDD 92 = BDD² 893 . Of natural phenomena, etc.: a gail co timm rothaisig (of a whirlpool) `he made feeble and faint its fury,' Metr. Dinds. iv 86.79 . ó chaitheasdair an ghaoth a goil `when the wind had exhausted its fury,' ML 48.22 . mar bráinṡnec[h]ta ó ghoil gréni, Ériu iv 226 § 51 . a bhfoil beo ní buaine | ná ceo re goil ngréine, Dán Dé viii 2 . ní bhí ag sruth ... guth ón ghal, IGT Decl. ex. 1567 . mar chuiris an ghrian a gal `as the sun doth send its heat,' Arch. Hib. i 99 . fo nim niabtha gal, AU 894 = AFM i 544.17 . congaibet gola (of waves), SR 7899 . Cf. further: gal a mbraighet the heat of their throats (from thirst), CCath. 2578 . ticc goil a ngrúaidh Núaladha a flush (lit. heat), IGT Decl. ex. 312 . Common in chevilles, esp. in g p. feochair ngoile, ITS v 40.10 . dígrais gail, PRIA iii 534.1 . dorairngert Curnán cét gal, SG 235.29 . cétaib gal, Arch. Hib. ii 93 § 18 . fichtib gal, TBC-LL¹ 3206 . línib gal, 3693 , Acall. 1582 . miad n-gal, MR 146.3 ; 132.15 .

Compds. ¤fine = fingal murder of a kinsman: bá himeccla lá hUa nD. gail-fhine do dhénamh dhóibh for aroile, AFM v 1406.4 .

(b) steam, vapour, mist: nírbo glac im gail it was not a hand grasping smoke (i.e. a futile achievement), Metr. Dinds. iv 10.17 . (Cf. dorn im diaid, O'Dav. 1586. ) bal na gaile oc a broth, Laws i 128.2 Comm. scaiblín ... cona gáblaib gaile `with its curls of steam,' MacCongl. 35.1 . do ling (i.e. an diabhal) in a ghal bhreun ... tré mhullach an teampoill, Eochairsg. 90.26 . fleochud, snechta co sirgail constant vapour (?), ACC Comm. ( RC xx 256.3 ). re gail nglūair ngil (of a river), ZCP viii 106.12 . sreabh do mhadhmuigh goil gheimhridh, IGT Decl. ex. 479 . téid gach iasg ré goil an gheimhridh | troigh i dtalmhain `from the heat of the winter,' TD 34.36 .

gasta

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gasta or dil.ie/25448

adj (gas) io,iā (prob. orig. meaning was youthful ) sprightly, alert, dexterous, skilful, quickwitted : gasta, glic inntleachtach, Eg. Gl. 358 . issí in glan genmnaid gelgasta, SCC² 713 ( LU 3908 ). Gasta Labraid Life līg, ZCP xi 110 § 22 . ingen rogasta, Metr. Dinds. iii 286.5 . SG 354.32 . óclach gasta gruadhalainn, TBC-LL¹ 5546 St. fer ... gasta, BColm. 22.18 . óclach ghasda glégharg, Acall. 1272 . a cheithern rogasta, CRR 19 . an fhlaith ghasta ghenamhail, L. Cl. A. B. 20.20 . Ōed Rōn rogasta roghel, Anecd. iii 47.17 . la Conall ngasta nGuthbind, Arch. Hib. ii 92 § 2 . gamanraidh glan gasda gerata, Cog. 178.4 . geratai glan-gasta Goedel , ib. 160.13 . dun gamandraid glain, gasta, ib. 166.3 . ó dhuine ghasta neartmhar `expert,' Jeremiah l 9 . noch sheinnios go gasda ar chláirsigh `a cunning player on a harp,' 1 Sam. xvi 16 . cibé choimhéadas é féin go gasta geanmnaidh, TSh. 8159 . Of animals : gabair ... gasta, TTebe 2279 . go n-eachaibh gasda ... fúthaibh, Atlantis iv 138 (OCL). Of things : grianan gasta glanedrochta `an ingenious bower,' Ériu iii 168.22 . méd a claidim gasta guirm, MR 196.18 . longphort lán-ghasda `a well-ordered encampment,' ML 74.12 . laoidheanga ... fíorghasda, 44.25 . tuc ... a laim leabargasta amach, AS 5941 . a lama gasda gelmeracha, ZCP x 305.17 . a mbert gasta goirmédidh, Irish Texts ii 29.31 . gasta a nglór, Dánta Gr. 4.5 .

Compar. as superl. a gillai is gastu atchonna[r]c, TFerbe 450 .

gérat

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gérat or dil.ie/25721

Forms: gérait

n (gér) ā, f.? also gérait i, f.?

(a) a champion, a hero. In religious poetry sometimes used of saints , hence gérait .i. naomh, O'Cl. gerait beodha no ... anrud, O'Dav. 1040. gerad .i. nia (?), Stowe Gl. 420 . gerait .i. beoda, O'Curry 1177 ( H 3.18, p. 467 ). ar ngerait .i. ar mac beoda, Fél.² xxiv (gl. in LB). gérait .i. gaisgeadhach, O'Cl. at gérat do daínib Tethrach, LU 10027 . Íssu ... ar Coimmdiu, ar ṅgérat (: asréracht), Fél. Prol. 90 ; June 16 ; ar ṅdí gérait chridi, Sept. 27 . Of a woman: Agatha in gérat, Feb. 5 ; hence gérait .i. ógh, O'Cl. Erig a gérait Ulad, LU 3592 ( SCC § 30 ). a gerit U., ib. 3615 . im fírgerait, Anecd. ii 37 § 9 . ó cech gérad, Metr. Dinds. i 8.41 . Eochu garb gérait Gáedel, 48.42 . cumnigthi gérat na gábud. LL 136b26 . Cormac ... gērait nime ┐ talmhan (a saint), ZCP xii 390 § 1 . gerrat gaisccidh, AFM v 1478.13 . geárrad ar ghaiscceadh, 1694 . Tadhg an eich ghil an gheroid, Irish Texts iv 32 § 20 . n p. na tri geraiti gaiscid sin, Acall. 3399 . a ṅgeraiti gaiscid, TTebe 2802 . geratai ... Goedel , Cog. 160.12 . g p. mór ṅgérat (: mélacht), Fél. Nov. 19. Ep. 72 . ?a p. bithmáraid a gréta (gerta, gértha v.l.), Fél. Prol. 232.

(b) valour (?): mó a gréim ┐ a gerait ┐ a chumachta oldás cach righ, Thr. Ir. Gl. p. 30 , s.v. Muma = a greit, Corm. Y 884 (prob. right reading).

(c) skilful, knowing: gerait ... glic, O'Dav. 1040 . gérait .i. glic, Eg. Gl. 385 . gerait .i. glicc, ACL iii 275.3 ( Stowe Gl. 428 ). gérait .i. glic .i. eolach, O'Cl. gearait .i. eolach, ZCP v 486 § 6 (B. na F.).

(d) a little boy: gerait .i. mac bec, O'Dav. 1040 . gerait quia geritur in sinu , O'Mulc. 642 . geraid .i. mac, O'Curry 2065 ( H 4.22, 67 ).

láthus gaile

Cite this: eDIL s.v. láthus gaile or dil.ie/29639

n (láth) status of warrior : in cauradmir do Coin Culainn ┐ lathus gaile Góedel uile, LU 9160 ( FB 89 ). lathus gaile conecneith eile .i. lathuis do denum do tre gail co tic ar neith eile do leim don talmain for a gualaind cu mbeimann a cenn do amail do ni Cuchulainn, O'Curry 1875 ( 23 P 3, 21 ).

2 tor

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 tor or dil.ie/41415

Forms: turu

n o, m. (Lat. turris; somet. confused with 1 tuir and 3 túr, qq.v.) IGT § 67.

I tower; fortified building: dorigned leis t.¤ cathrach (.i. do fótaib ┐ clochaib), LU 2786 . immedón in tuir, 2788 . míle chémend on tur, 2791 . doroni turu roarda imacuaird 'na timcell, TTr. 2136 . Meille ina dind, Badb ina tur, TBC-I¹ 1344 . t.¤ ard do dénum, PH 1825 . furri rolád in t.¤ thall, Metr. Dinds. ii 10.15 . Áth Cliath ... a thuir imthéit Góedel gnáth, iii 1002 . nir thairind t.¤ , RC xlvi 306.z . do choid do denam in tuir | Nebróith dia roscailtea na berlai, LL 2a12 . docotar ... for a toraibh trota, CCath. 3528 . daingean trí dtor, PBocht 2.21 . a bhráighe tá i dt.¤ London, DDána 63.1 . lot do mhúir, toghail do thuir, Measgra D. 56.79 . tuir mhóra do mhionchuma, TD 16 § 23 . gan aoltor ngeal no gan gharrdha | nar legh aentadh t'ḟaghla iad, IGT Decl. ex. 544 . na thor ḟíthi chrisúr chuir | na phrisún tuir ghnithi ghil, ex. 909 . is āibind duit, a thuir, ūair is āibinn in radarc fuil innud, ZCP vi 26.30 . ? rosiacht co Drong | ┐ turu , ACL iii 296 § 36 (perh. n. loc. ?). Confused with 1 tuir: aon t.¤ ríoghdha ag cothughadh an chaoimhgrianáin ` pillar ,' ITS v 738.26 .

Compd. ¤aile a tower-fence: loch aile, t., Laws v 270.15 . t. .i. fott for cloich, 26 Comm.

II (Usually in phr. t.¤ tened; cf. topp) flame; blaze: ra hatód t.¤ tened dermár dóib, MU² 862 . t.¤ teneadh ... do denum, CCath. 942 . doroine t.¤ teinedh dermaire indorus na huama, 4298 . atces in sabhull ... ina th.¤ teineth for lasad, Lism. L. 1918 . t.¤ tenedh trithinruaidhe, Stair Erc. 1362 . dorinde Ercuil t.¤ treathanruagh ... teinntighe, 2534 . is andsin tarfas dun claind ... Israelda .i. t.¤ tren taidlech trom-adbul teintige, BB 241a18 . Cf. bói an tech ina thuir trichemrūaid, MacCongl. 105.3 .

III champion; hero: Teophil t.¤ ainglech, Fél. July 28 . ort ocht turu tīre Iath, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 40 § 21 . 'moa raltais turu trēith, 41 § 31. grīb thuir thricc, Bruchst. i 55 § 123 . nóithfitir tuir, mórḟaitir maigi, ZCP xiii 378.6 . ba targa triath ocus t.¤ , Metr. Dinds. i 12.73 . in eol dúib senchas cech thuir | fuil sund i mBruig mic ind Óc, ii 18.3 . na tístais tess na tuir thind, iii 6.67 . in taur testa cach thíre | ba caur cnesta cocríche, iii 190.7 . dá roibh a d-Teamhraidh na dt.¤ , Leb. Cert. 242.y . i tirib toruais .i. i tíraib na tor n-uasal-sa, Ériu ii 3.2 . céin bess Macha fo thoraib, Trip. 154.8 . corbo t.¤ (tuir, v.l.) congbāla catha ... hē, Ériu ii 182.12 . blad cech (sic leg.) tuir, MacCongl. 126.28 . batar clesamnaig fri clesaib ... resna toraib rigda sin, Alex. 470 . a thuir nar traethadh, Stair Erc. 523 . buidnib t.¤ , Metr. Dinds. ii 54.19 . línib t.¤ , iii 454.57 . t.¤ .i. triath, ZCP v 486 § 6 (B. na f.). adastor ... .i. iadustar t.¤ .i. cenn, Laws i 138.z Comm. t.¤ .i. rí no tighearna, O'Cl.