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1 ailid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ailid or dil.ie/1016
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: oilid, -ail, ailes, ailit, -alad, ailde, -alar, -aile, rod-alad, no-n-almais, -ebla, -eabla, -eblae, -ai, -ebela, -eblaba, ebeltar, ailebthair, ailf-, -ebelad, -ebalta, ebelta, ron-ailt-siu, romm-alt sa, alta, rodotaltammar, rosn-altadar, alta, alte, altae, ebail, eblatar, eblad, altai, altram, ailemain, oilemuin

v also oilid. Indic. pres. 3 s. -ail, Wb. 5b28 . rel. ailes, Laws ii 184.15 . 3 pl. ailit, Laws v 198.8 Comm. -alad, Marco P. 183 rel. ailde, 202.2 . Pass. sg. -alar, ZCP xiv 347.z . Subj. pres. 3 s. -aile, Laws ii 178.2 . Subj. impf. 3 s. rel. rod-alad, Blathm. 100 § 32 . 1 pl. no-n-almais, Ml. 104d0 . Fut. stem -ebla ( GOI § 649 ; see further Hull, ZCP xxix 173-4). 3 s. -eabla, Laws v 200.20 and n.4 . -eblae, -ai, IT i 141.18 . -ebela, LU 10627 . -eblaba, ZCP v 503.19 . Pass. sg. ebeltar ( ébéltair, LU 5026 ), TBC-I¹ 537 . Later ailebthair, IT i 71.6 . Also ailf-, exx. below. Condit. 3 s. -ebelad, LU 10614 . Pass. sg. -ebalta, BB 397a16 = ebelta, Dinds. 142 ( RC xvi 154 ). Pret. and perf. 2 s. ron-ailt-siu, Blathm. 722 . 3 s. romm-alt sa, Ml. 45c3 . alta-si dano na dá mac 'she reared the two sons', Sex Aet. 87 § 51 (pass. for active). 1 pl. rodotaltammar, ZCP viii 313.4 . 3 pl. rosn-altadar, BDD² 106 . Pass. sg. alta, TBC-I¹ 366 . alte, ZCP viii 311.17 . rel. altae, LU 10602 . With infl. of fut. stem 3 s. rom ebail , LU 10285 . 3 pl. rott eblatar , LU 10284 . Pass. sg. rom eblad , 10278 . Later with s-pret., exx. infra. Cf. roaltsat, O'Curry 127 ( H 3.18, 76 ).

Part. ailte (q.v.), O'Curry 57 ( H 3.18, 20 -1). Pl. altai, Ml. 121c10 .

Vn. altram, later ailemain, oilemuin. IGT Verbs § 73 .

Nourishes, rears, fosters: sund rom altsa . . . atrebom sund, LU 4400 . rom ebail Sencha sobérlaid conidam trén, 10285 . is messe nod n-ailfea, 10627 . ro mbaist ┐ ro n-ail ┐ ro forcan, 256 . ? cia dé delbas faebru. a ndind ailsiu (.i. a ndind itú). cáinté im gaí cainte gaithe, LL 1569 = cia dia dealbus faebra andiond. indiond ailes cainte, Leb. Gab.(i) 266.4 . ní halar o marbcru, Laws i 140.30 Comm. don re ronailestar, ii 186.4 Comm. ma ro ail co aes diailtri . . . manar oil, iii 504.11 Comm. nosnaltatar for feolaib maccoem mbec they fed her on . . ., Ériu iii 138.2 . dlomais . . . a muime fri F. ┐ adbert nad ebalta lee he for lacht, BB 397a17 (= Dinds. 142 ). berthair lim-sa ind ingen . . . ┐ ailebthair (ailibthar, ailfithir v.l.) dom réir fein, IT i 71.6 (L. mac nU.). a incaib caich nodeail, BCrólige 7 . is dilus uaithe di eagluis notnail, Laws iii 70.24 Comm. is mé ro-ailisiu, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 43.25 . ro lesaiges ┐ ro-s-ailius intí N. co lathí a bais, PH 1529 . Gailéoin roalsat Labraid for a loinges, Dinds. 9 (RC xv 299). is mairg ailter cen riagail, ACL iii 215 § 3 . a foghluim óirdhirc a n-oiltí Francuigh, Mac Aingil 6292 . mad ingena nos-berat non-alad fri druine ┐ gresa , Marco P. 183 . an chíoch ar ar oil an ógh / oidhre Dé, Dán Dé xvii 29 . 'na iomdhaidh rod-aileasdar, i 9 . ní ro oil in t-áirdrí in esláinte sin did not nurse (i.e. pay attention to) that illness, Caithr. Thoirdh. 58.10 . Note also: in e a macc oilfaigther na huile si filium eius nutrierunt multi, Trip.² p. 61 n. 1120-23 . Of rearing animals: is hé ro-alt muicc Meic Dathó, Sc.M² 23 . ebeltar cuilēn din chūain cétna leamsa duit, TBC-I¹ 537 . aidhid frisi-n-alar (of a calf), ZCP xiv 347.z . cuilen con ro h-ailed lais, MR 8.2 .

aiste

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aiste or dil.ie/2515

n m. and f. * ad-sem-, Wortk. 53 . `?Lat. essentia', Plummer MS notes.

(a) characteristic, special quality, peculiarity: a.¤ in finda sin `the peculiarity of that hair', Fél.² cxliv 35 . rosuithe dó dáma (glossed dana) deacta .i. do a.¤ na deachta, LU 756 (ACC) = RC xx 178 § 45 . hi ḟail in tobair ingnáith dianad a.¤ óigread in cech lo, Alex. 349 . inis . . . ise a h-aisdi na cuirp berar inti ni lobait iter, Todd Nenn. 192.9 . ar besaib ┐ ar caen-estib (sic) (com-aistib v.l., leg. caem-a.¤ good qualities), Cog. 82.2 . inund aisti arúath dúinn, / inund gasced gnath, TBC-LL¹ 4172 ( LL 11005 ). is í a.¤ in chuilén-sin, PH 3438 . mórad ceall dob aisde agaibh (to St. Patrick), Dán Dé xii 13 . mōr d'aistib na n-ērlam fúair, ACL iii 307 § 28 . a.¤ gach céime i gcalmacht / gaisce féile is flathamhlacht, Hackett liii 23 . ni heiccen co mad aisdi do ierraidh do litrip ind ogaim ┐ do muitib na Laitne, ar is a nguthagoip forbaigter-side do gres a common nature, property, need not be sought for in Ogham letters and Latin mutes, since the latter always terminate in a vowel-sound (whereas the former do not), Auraic. 3015 .

Type, variety, class (of performance): dona cēadaistibh reapraidh dō, Feis Tighe Chonáin 227 . doghníadh C. aisde crábaidh C. used to practise a special kind of devotion, BNnÉ 141.1 is anaichnidh do muintir C. . . . ind a.¤ trialltai .i. teiched, CCath. 3563 . m'ionuath a aisde dá éis `very horrible his fate thereafter', Dán Dé xxvi 53 . iollardacht m'aisdeadh the variety of my talents, ML 124.6 . atá d'aistidhibh 's d'ealadhain nódh aca nach taobhtha d'aonneach . . . they have so many wiles and arts that none can trust them (of women), Hackett xxvi 63 . Pattern: im a.¤ lamthoraid, Laws i 150.8 .i. fuath in gresa innti, 152.23 Comm. Cf. a.¤ ab astilis ō slisnib corthaire, O'Mulc. 64 . way, manner: gurob é aisde ar a mbídís 'na suidhe, Geneal. Tracts i 39.12 .

With prepp. ar a.¤ like: ar a haisde is aghtha dhamh / brath leannáin dom lucht diomdhadh, O'R. Poems 2917 `just like her must I hope to find a lover', p. 229 . ar gach én a.¤ on every ground, BNnÉ 250 § 204 . Seonin a Burc do marbad arin asti cetna, Ann. Conn. 1342.4 . ar aisde na dinginn se in a way in which I could not achieve it(?), BNnÉ 132.z . fo a.¤ like: luin gela bid ann . . . ┐ celebraid a tratha fo aisti na heclaise, Trip. xliii 5 . fo aisti an Gregaid, Auraic. 3379 . tar a.¤ : rala ág dar [a] a.¤ / ra chuir ár (ar) na cichloiste beyond what he was used to, TBC-LL¹ 1477 .

(b) metre: cia lín na naisti . . . a cuíc sescat ar trí cetaib, IT iii 67 § 1 . cate a aisti coír cach baird, 22 § 67 . aisteda na ndaerbhard, 23.1 . it núacrutha na haisti seo, ar it núalitríde arrangatar íat, § 68. aisti ollaman bairdni inso anuas . . . aisti ansrutha bairdne inso sís, 10 § 12 , § 13 . iss hi seo ind a.¤ blaith brass / in ṅgnathaighther in senchass, 106.18 . cia a.¤ triasin ṅdernad in Félire . . . rindard, Fél. 4.24 . isin erlabra fégtair inna haisti, LU 461 (ACC). sluindfet duib dagaisti in dana, LL 5227 . dechnad mór . . . a.¤ is ferr i nHere, 5250 . ellach .i. aisti, ut est cibe cenel dina secht n-eillghibh .i. dona secht n-aistibh, O'Dav. 765 . co festar in n-aisti dona seacht primellgibh na filideachta, Auraic. 1687 . claechlodh aisdi change of metre, IGT Metr. Faults § 22 . i n-aisde 's i n-ábhacht, recitations, Hackett² xliii 240 .

at-bail(l)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. at-bail(l) or dil.ie/4577
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: at-bail, atabail, adbaill, asindbail, -epil, conidapail, atballat, -abbalar, -apallar, eiplet, aipleat, atbailedh, atbaildis, asindbelsa, atbela, asinbela, -eple, -eplet, atroible, -érbala, -érbalam, -ærbalam, -herbalat, atbelainse, asindbelainse, asindbelad, -aipled, -epled, atbelmaisni, at-beltais, -epéltais, -epíltis, conid-erbalad, adbēlsa, atbelai, atbéla, ad-béla, -epéla, -ebbēla, at-belam, -hepelam, atbelaidsi, atbélat, atbelat, -epelat, atbela[d], atbélmis, ó 'tbaltsa, atrubaltsa, átrubalt, adrubalt, -erbalt, attrubaltar, -erbaltatár, epeltu, adbalair, atbailet, ad-bala, -abla, -aplait, -érbalur, aiplium, atbalad, -ablad, -epletis, -aipiltis, -eipeltaisi, -ebelaind, -eibelad, -hapladh, -ebailt, -eipilt, -erbailt, -eplemar, -epletar, abladur, -erbailtar, -erbalus, -erbaltais, -abuil, -eibil, inidabbaill, apail, -atrubull, -erbail, -eurbhail, aplastar, atbailset, hitbath, rotbath, ad- bath, atbath, atbath, ardatmba, arbath, apad, abbad, -abad, apu, -apaidh, asindbathatar, atbathadar, adbathadar, adbatar, adbáithit, apthatar, -apatar, atbatha, aptha, n-aptha, atbathsat, atbathsatt, apthu, eplaid, ablaid, aplaid, eples, eplit, ablur, aplad, aiplemait, aplis, d'éibil

v (*ess-ball-, normally with inf. neut. pron., Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 459 ; GOI 267 ). Dies .

Early forms. Indic. pres. 3 s. at-bail, Wb. 4d15 ; Sg. 4b6 . atabail, O'Curry 834 (H 3.18, 381b). rel. adbaill, Wb. 16b11 , Ml. 108a3 . amal . . . asindbail , Ml. 57a10 . -epil, Wb. 30d14 , Sg. 28b20 , 30a3 . Ml. 73d7 . conidapail, Ml. 91d2 . 3 pl. atballat, Wb. 9d5 . Pass. sg. -abbalar, Cáin Ad. 45 . -apallar, 46 . Ipv. 3 pl. eiplet, Ml. 73d7 . aipleat, Ml. 104b2 . Indic. impf. 3 s. atbailedh, Cóir Anm. 72 . 3 pl. atbaildis, BDD² 126 .

Subj. pres. 1 s. asindbelsa, Ml. 48a14 . 3 s. atbela, Sg. 30a3 . Thes. ii 7.29 . asinbela, Ml. 38b6 . -eple, Sg. 181a5 . 3 pl. -eplet, Ml. 77a13 . With ro: 3 s. atroible, Cáin Ad. 41 . -érbala, Thes. ii 7.30 . 1 pl. -érbalam, Wb. 4d19 . -ærbalam, Ml. 107d4 . 3 pl. -herbalat, Ériu vii 140.23 . Subj. impf. 1 s. atbelainse, Ml. 54c33 . asindbelainse, 131b13 . 3 s. asindbelad, 110b9 . -aipled, Ml. 85d8 . -epled, Sc.M² 3 . 1 pl. atbelmaisni, Ml. 96a10 . 3 pl. at-beltais, Ml. 36d16 . -epéltais, 99b2 . -epíltis, 121d16 . With ro: 3 s. conid-erbalad, Fianaig. 36.11 .

Fut. 1 s. atbél, Wb. 10d24 . adbēlsa, TBC-I¹ 1300 . 2 s. atbelai, Irish Texts i 35.23 . atbéla, Trip.² 617 . 3 s. ad-béla, BDD² 1380 . -epéla, Comp. CC 7.23 . -ebbēla, ZCP xii 232 § 43 . 1 pl. at-belam, SR 1556 . -hepelam, 2748 . 2 pl. atbelaidsi, Ml. 29c4 . 3 pl. atbélat, Wb. 1d4 . atbelat, Ml. 57a3 , 102b10 . -epelat, SR 4168 . Condit. 3 s. atbela[d], Ml. 16c10 . 1 pl. atbélmis, Wb. 4d9 .

Pret. 1 s. ó 'tbaltsa, LU 9496 . Perf. 1 s. atrubaltsa, LU 9514 . 3 s. átrubalt, Ml. 144d3 . adrubalt, Vita Br. 31 . -erbalt, SR 5417 . 3 pl. attrubaltar, Ml. 100a1 . -erbaltatár, LU 6288 .

Vn. epeltu.

Later forms. Indic. pres. pass. sg. (or 3 s. depon. act. ?) adbalair, O'D. 1217 (H 2.15, 85). 3 pl. atbailet, RC xiii 452.10 . Subj. pres. 2 s. ad-bala, Anecd. i 7.9 ( SCano 205 ). 3 s. -abla, Ériu iv 64 § 62 . 3 pl. -aplait, O'D. 1691 ( H 5.15, 31a ). With ro: 1 s. -érbalur, SR 1260 . 1 pl. na ro aiplium , BB 16b51 . Subj. impf. 3 s. atbalad, -ablad, LL 14045 . -epletis, LB 156a62 . -aipiltis, CCath. 3480 . Fut. 2 pl. -eipeltaisi, BB 16b52 . Condit. 1 s. -ebelaind, RC xxiv 198.6 . 3 s. -eibelad, MR 74.2 . -hapladh, Lism. L. 921 . Pret. and perf. 3 s. -ebailt, RC xvi 416.20 (Tig.). -ebelt, ZCP viii 307.2 . -eipilt, Lism. L. 2327 . -erbailt, SR 5344 . 1 pl. -eplemar, PH 7949 . 3 pl. -epletar, LB 118a45 . gur abladur , RC xii 342 § 36 . -erbailtar (-erboiltídar v.l.) Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 23.26 . With endings of s-pret. 1 s. -erbalus, Todd Nenn. 210.4 . 2 s. -erbaltais, Trip. 458.23 . 3 s. -abuil, Laws i 186.7 . -eibil, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 43.14 . inidabbaill, ZCP xii 233 § 46 = init apail , AFM i 378.5 . -atrubull, O'D. 1637 (H 5.15, 18a). -erbail, LB 127a44 . -eurbhail, Hy Fiach. 310.5 . as-eubhuil, Celtica iv 148 § 152 . ro aplastar , O'Curry 395 (H 3.18, 220b). 3 pl. atbailset, AFM i 276.7 .

Narrative tense supplied by suppletive verb ad-bath (see GOI 437 , 468 , Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 460 ). 2 s. (as quasi-fut.) hitbath, Stair Erc. 1308 . rotbath, ZCP xiii 216.10 . 3 s. ad- bath, Laws i 250.27 . atbath, LU 9805 . ar don bath .i. atbath airund, LU 592 ( RC xx 162 , ACC). ? ardatmba (ardatbath v.l.), Corm. Y 323 . arbath, LL 6698 ( RC xxix 211 § 1 ). conid apad , LU 4916 (TBC). -appad, 5356 (ib.). conid abbad , LL 250b25 . -abad, LL 15936 . conid apu , RC xii 68 § 34 . -apaidh, Leb. Gab.(i) 14.8 . Cf. rotbath, Ériu iv 64 § 63 . 3 pl. asindbathatar, Ml. 36d10 . atbathadar, RC x 72.9 . adbathadar, Laws iv 266.13 . adbatar, Aen. 1368 . ? adbáithit, AFM i 500.22 . conid apthatar , LU 6665 (TBC). -apdatar, LL 238 . -apatar, RC xiv 243.37 . With forms of pret. pl. pass. atbatha, Ml. 98b8 (but see note). condid aptha , AU i 328.9 ; RC xi 450.119 . co n-aptha , YBL 58b4 . With ending of s-pret.: atbathsat, LU 3568 ( SCC 29 ). atbathsatt, Hugh Roe 318.17 .

Vn. apthu.

As simple vb. eplaid, ablaid. Indic. pres. 3 s. aplaid, IT iii 322.19 . rel. eples, LB 150a53 . 3 pl. eplit, LB 159a26 . Subj. pres. 1 s. ablur, Aen. 856 . Subj. impf. 3 s. no aplad , LL 22296 . 2 pl. na ro eiblead sib, YBL 144b37 . Fut. 1 pl. aiplemait, RC xxiv 249.20 . Pret. 3 s. aplis, LU 7923 . d'éibil, Ó Bruad. ii 184 xxiv .

Special uses. Of things: vanishes, perishes, disappears: amal arindchrin dǽ ┐ asindbail gl. omnis eorum elatio . . . deperit, Ml. 57a10 . esba .i. es a báa .i. roheplad a maith, Corm. Y 517 . manid epled ní airi though nothing of it should perish(?), Sc.M² 3 . adbath fir Feiniu, Laws i 250.27 . atbath borg tromm Temra / la tairthim a flathe `T . . . . has perished', Fél. Prol. 166 . atbail dliged a creidme, Ériu i 218 § 2 . inid apad Oreb de, SR 5307 . co n-erbalat . . . a haccobrai, PH 7111 .

In legal sense lapses, is forfeit: intī troisces tar taircsin reir[e] do, at-baill a dligid a fuighiull Fene i.e. his suit is no longer actionable, is ipso facto quashed, ZCP xv 261 § 5 . rucus aithni cen taisec . . . ba deithbir ar ba la indile cāich las-mbōe ind aithne atrubalt `ist . . . untergegangen', 352 § 41 . atbaill leth ó ḟaill (n)éc(s)macht (of a payment), Críth G. 275 . tri ái nad eplet faill which do not lapse from neglect(?), Triads 153 . trí féich nad eple faill, 256 . atbath in bith uile ar aen uball, Laws i 52.4 ( ZCP xvi 177 ). cisne tri haimsera i n-adapail (inád a.¤ ?) a torad ar cach flaith ? v 450.12 . adbaill a dire ma forfollangtar a gresa , O'Curry 2313 ( Eg. 88, 24 (25)a ). for secht nanala epeltur ae eculsa, 2205 ( Eg. 88, 8(9)d ). dia nurthuaisi [in ben] co fa tri atbaill fiach a sleithi, 618 (H 3. 18, 299). ni apuil nech ní ar nos .i. nochon eiplenn ni o neoch ara nos nindligthech, O'D. 576 (H 3.17, 443). adbathadar ar Aengus a thire, O'Curry 2300 ( Eg. 88, 22 (23)c ).

In pl. with beóil in sense dies: at-baildis a beóil in tan ad-beiread gaí, BDD² 126 . atbélat do béoil meni aisce úait, TBFr. 304 . nach fer díb do-n-écucus-sa at-bélat a béoil, MU² 976 .

With accompanying acc. or dat. of cause of death: atbelam gorte we shall die of hunger, SR 1556 . ni epéla faill ná ésliss he will not die from neglect or contempt, Comp. CC 7.23 . ad-baill fingail móir . . . for Dollud, ZCP xx 227 § 36 . Also with prep. DI: atbelsa gortai . . . ni erbailt céle Dé riam de gortai ná huacht, Irish Texts i 35.10 ( atbelai gortaide, 23 ). mani eple de, Sg. 181a5 . atbathatar dend aine sin sruithi `old men died of that fast', Mon. Tall. 156.5 . go n-ablator cach do luathcchair so that everyone died from joy, Ériu iv 54 § 24 . atbail ar feile indsein she died from shame, TBC(C) 2497 . With éc: conappad éc n-úalle fort `died in thee a death of pride', Metr. Dinds. ii 12.40 . éc atbath, LL 3060 . éc atbathatar don Budi Connaill, 3068 . is éc at bath rí in Broga `a natural death died the King of the B.', Arch. Hib. ii 84 § 28 . Note also: immusapt[h]atar . . . / re cách ar ndā deogbaire `perished by each other's hand', Fianaig. 12.16 . imapt[h]a dūn `we perished mutually', 12.23 .

1 ben

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ben or dil.ie/5644
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: bean, bean, bein, mnái, mna, mnāi, mnai, mná, mnaa, bein, mnáoi, mná, mnaa, mná, mn, mban, ban, mnaibh, mnáib, mnaib, mnaaib, mnaibh, mhnaoi, mnai, ban-, banab, -aigne, -airchinnech

n ā, f. GOI §§ 190 , 291 , Lohmann ZCP xix 63. bean aithnidh, f., IGT Decl. § 170. See also Ériu xvii 108.

I

(a) woman : n s. in b.¤ , Wb. 11c14 , Imr. Brain 1 , PH 5720. bean, CCath. 1140. in bhean, Duan. F. ii 130 § 23. v s. a b.¤ , LU 3420 ( SCC 19 ). a s. bein ( KZ xlviii 65 ), Laws ii 382.15 ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 49 § 23 ), Metr. Dinds. iv 178.w (: Celetir), Ériu vi 136.78 , Auraic. 1835. mnái gl. mulierem, Wb. 10a10 , Imr. Brain 2 , CCath. 1141. mna, Críth G. 125 , mnāi, ACL iii 308.13 , mnai, Trip. 86.24 . g s. mná, Críth G. 124 , Imr. Brain 26 , PH 857. mnaa, LL 7558 , TSh. 5773. d s. bein, Auraic. 1833 , 5020 . mnáoi, Mon. Tall. 143.10 . n pl. mná (monosyll.), Imr. Brain 41. mnaa (monosyll.), LL 44. mná, TSh. 5718. a pl. mn, LU 8265 ( FB 21 ). g pl. mban gl. mulieres, Wb. 22c10 . ban, Ml. 65c16 . d pl. `somet. disyllabic in verse,' GOI § 291 , mnaibh (disyll.), Blathm. 586. mnáib, LU 3266 ( SCC 6 ), RC xiii 36 § 2. mnaib (monosyll.), LU 3950 ( SCC 44 ). mnaaib, LL 2919. mnaibh, ZCP xvi 225.4 . n du. dī mnái, Cáin Ad. 25. dá mhnaoi , Dán Dé iii 15 . di mnai dec, BCrólige 32 .

As dist. from a virgin: ni finntar in b.¤ fa nac si, Ir. Recht 5 § 3 . femen . . . .i. femur .i. sliasat, air is and is b.¤-si intan fognaithir dia sliasait, Auraic. 609. Of a bird: ben a lleinn co londath, Murphy Lyrics 10 § 10 , Ériu xxii 51 .

(b) With following defining word. With adj.: b.¤ gáelmar, see gáelmar. b.¤ uasal `a lady', BNnÉ 121 § 56 . With part. b.¤ pósta. With gen. of definition or description: b.¤ áirge woman of the milking place, dairymaid : in b.¤ airge, Ir. Recht 9 § 11. b.¤ aititen, see aititiu. b.¤ chengail wife: nach béidh fear ’gā mhnaoi cheangail, Celtica iv 109 § 10 . b.¤ crislaig: is i in b.¤ c. .i. is le fein in coimpert sin (lit.) woman of the womb, Laws v 202.13 Comm. See crislach. b.¤ chraí (chruí) the wife of a deceased relative; a forbidden woman: nír ben chrábaid ach ben chraí `not a holy wife but an unlawful one´ Celtica x 105 § 3 . ’na grádaig mnaí craí ná col `do not love a woman forbidden to you´ 105 § 5 . ro bui inna mnoí crui, icá derbrathair … conid hi sin cetben crui ro hincrechadh riamh, 111 (King’s Inns MS. 10) . ar a bith ben crui .i. oca derbrathair, ibid. (NLS MS. 72.1.5) . b.¤ chuil (cholach) : ’na grádaig mnaí craí ná col `do not love a woman forbidden to you´ Celtica x 105 § 5 . dā ccionntuighthea ré mnaoi chuil, Mac Aingil 3002 . ben chuil 'concubine', PH 867 . mna cúil ┐ cairdeasa dionnarbhadh ó fheraibh 'to put away concubines and lemans from men', AFM ii 1100z (s.a. 1152) . mnai cuínnceda betrothed woman, BB 442b4 . an bhean chuinghedha, IGT Decl. ex. 1198. b.¤ ḟir married woman: fóemad serce a mban fer, Ériu lix 70 . b.¤ ḟúataig an abducted woman (see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 90 ). b.¤ gáeil kins-woman : is í a b.¤ gáeil fen phósas, PH 7790. See 1 gáel. b.¤ grésa embroidress : coeca ban [n]gressa is ferr bói a nEirinn `sempstress' (Gloss.), Acall. 5537. See 1 grés. b.¤ imtha see immad. b.¤ oéntama single, unmarried woman (see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 107.10 ). slān slithi mnā oēntama `immunity for overcoming a single woman by stealth' ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 107.13 ), ZCP xv 351 § 40. See oentam, 1 oentama. b.¤ síde, see 1 síd. b.¤ tanaisi lanamnusa `second [subordinate] woman of union', BCrólige 56 . ag mnaoi Mháighe by the lady of the Maigue, DDána 99.37 .

(c) In g s. with prec. noun female, -ess, etc.: aoighe mná nách mair a fear `a stranger woman', TD 11.32 . dalta mna `a foster-daughter', BNnÉ 120.16 . Bóann, fāigh mnā prophetess, ZCP xiii 166.9 . ni thaghuill b.¤ no leanobh og mna a reileg `no woman or young female child', Mart. Don. 400.25 .

II wife : mo bensa `my wife', Sg. 61b14 . Tea b.¤ Ermoin meic Milid, Thes. ii 314.24 . leth díri cach gráid túaithe fora mnaí, Críth G. 125. cetharda[e] ndíllat(a) leis ┐ a ben `he and his wife have' (note), 199 . orca[e] lia be[i]n, 408 . coblaith dia mnai fri bein in rig equal rank with the king's wife for his wife, Ériu vi 136.14 . b.¤ dagḟir, LL 7554. ro theacht mhnaoi a dhingbhāla `he had a worthy wife', Fl. Earls 132.22 . tré mhnaoi Thighearnáin Uí Ruairc do bhreith leis, TSh. 5471.

Compds. ban- is the normal composition form (for gender of compds. see GOI § 254 , O'Rahilly, Ériu ix 16 ff.). When prefixed to a noun (1) denoting a male person or animal it makes a corresponding female form; (2) it has adj. force and means female, pertaining to a woman .

With nouns. ¤abb abbess : banab gl. abatissa, Ir. Gl. 22. Finnguala . . . banab Chille Craebnat, Ann. Conn. 1301.2 . banab m., IGT Decl. § 21 , g s. an banabadh, ex. 788 . mar bhanabaidh ndlighthigh `Abbesse', RSClára 98a . ¤accaid (see aiccid) female tenant, farmer : (contemptuously of Medb) cid ra mer in cali ┐ in b.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 1934. ? ¤aicde woman's handiwork : ar cirtha adbullom banaicdigh, Laws ii 394.10 Comm. banaicidh (but leg. -aicdi, Stud. in E. Ir. Law, 35.1) uaidhsiumh `feminine implements' (supplied by her husband to the woman worker described as a beccdéntaid), Laws ii 410.22 Comm. ¤aiced (collect. cf. prec.) woman's implements, tools : comad urlam a frichnam ac ban-aicidhibh, O'Curry 661 (H.3.18, 323). ¤aided woman's death (i.e. in child-birth): cen mna décaib de banaidid, Dinds. 161. -aigne female advocate: mar bhanaighne is ort anaim, PBocht 14.36 . -airchinnech female erenagh ; abbess : b.¤ gl. antesta, antestita, Sg. 66a17 . tanic an banairchindeach do béin cluig, YBL 1a19 . co banairchinnig Lainne, BColm. 26 § 28. b.¤ na hecalsa `prioress', Lism. L. 1436. ¤airfitech female musician : banairfidech Thíre Tairnngaire uli hí, Acall. 7205. ¤airle woman's counsel : Adham Samson Solum rí / romersat a mbanairlí, Ériu ii 229.9 . (in rhetoric) b.¤ betha (báetha, LU) nacha auchaide heed not the foolish words of women, TBC-I¹ 2092. ¤aite: ó bhanoide na gcuradh .i. Scáthach `instructress', Keat. ii 3390. ¤aitire: b.¤ tainic tar cend banbidbad (sic leg.) re laim a banfecheman and `a female surety', Laws i 148.24 Comm. apad naile ┐ anadh naile o ban etere for banbidhbaidh, O'Curry 988 (H. 3.18 424b) = Laws i 148.28 Comm. ¤ammait witch, hag (with magic power): robai banamaid i tig in rig . . . ┐ dobert a mathair Corc for faesam na hamaide, BB 251a35 . ¤amus woman-servant, female hireling: mad feramus nó b.¤ noda-mela (of grinding with a quern on Sunday), Ériu ii 204.22 . b., a folac a incaib maicc no celi `a hired woman', Ériu xii 85 § 4. mac banamsa, ZCP xvi 215.33 . rucus comaltar do banamuis, xv 310 § 6 . sóeramais ┐ banamais ic roind ┐ ic dáil dóib, Ériu iv 124.27 . ¤augra: máth b.¤ co sārtairbirt trī muilt ind `a fight among women', Cáin Ad. 44. ¤augtar: Bridhe banughdar, Keat. iii 498.

¤breth female judgment, judgment of (concerning ?) women: banbrethaib glossed bretha ban, O'Dav. 994. b.¤ briugu female briugu EIF 417 : batir banbrugaid sōn, Corm. Y 87.12 (§1018) . Becnait banbhrugaid ainm (na) mná maithe si, Acall. 1876 . ¤búachaill herdswoman: sech ba bard, ba b.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iv 22.20 .

¤cháem: banchōem de Alpa female noble, Celtica iii 182.3 . ¤chaingen female question, case: nocha n-ē an banc[h]aingen / berar ar cúl, ZCP viii 216.32 . ¤cháinte female satirist, lampooner: ba banchainte (viz. Lebarcham), IT i 71.12 ( LMU 6 ). cont-ric fri Richis mbancháinti, MU² 1029 ( LU 1528 ). a comlebaid na banchainti, Cóir Anm. 54. ¤chara woman friend: do uc Mane banscál n-alachtai b.¤ dó `a concubine of his', Trip. 86.19 . b.¤ in dorchaduis (= amica tenebrarum, ed.), Aisl. Tond. 95 § 2. bretha in mac . . . cúa bancharait, LU 1663 ( RC ix 454.10 ). ¤chath: conid b.¤ Rochada insin `Rochad's Woman-fight' (Faraday), LU 5945 ( bān-, TBC-I¹ 1479 ). ¤chéile female companion, mate, wife: a bancheli díngbala diabuil, PH 8175. as i fa banchele dó .i. Eithne Taebhḟada his wife (of a king), Ériu iii 150 § 1. ¤chenn female ruler: (of B.V.M.) tú bain-cheann brogha nimhe, A. Ó Dálaigh xi 5. ¤chimbid female captive: co mbanchimidh lais i n-ergabhail, Anecd. ii 12.15 . ¤chlíamain female relative-in-law: a bhainchlíamhuin Sárai bean a mhic Abram = daughter in law, Gen. xi 31. go ma malluigh an té luighios léna bhainchlíamhuin = mother in law, Deuteronomy xxvii 23. ¤choairt female land-holder: b.¤ mnā, ZCP vii 300.2 . ¤choic female cook: bancoig gl. presena (sic), Ir. Gl. 247. atgnīed cach b.¤ dībh a būaraigh, ZCP vii 300.9 . ¤choimdiu female ruler, mistress, lady: inna banchoimded gl. dominatricis, Ml. 84c4 . isin banchoimdid gl. in domina, 129c7 . ¤choimétaid ( ¤aige) female guardian, custodian: a bhuime ┐ a bhancoimedaidhe, BNnÉ 192 § 9.5 . banchoimedaith do chiraib ┐ do clioirib `keeper of . . . combs and caskets', Dinds. 80. See banchola. ¤chomairlid female adviser; woman councillor: banflatha ┐ banchomairlighe, Anecd. ii 64.7 . ¤chomarba heiress (see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 103 f .) glossing be togai: .i. b.¤ las-mbi fer for bantinchur, Ir. Recht 8 § 9. female coarb, successor (as head of religious community): bancomurba Brighdi, RC xviii 31.30 . ¤chorr female heron: in b.¤ , Triads 237 . ¤chró: lánéraic a mb.¤ of their female stock, Cáin Ad. 29. ¤chú bitch: ba banc[h]ú tra in t-orci ┐ ba torrach, Corm. Y 883.39 . b.¤chuire woman-troop: cichit biet b.¤chuire, Études Celt. xv 539 . ¤chumal bondwoman: b.¤ dit muntir atamchomnaic, LL 7749 ( TBC-LL¹ 219 ). ro gonais cride . . . do banchumale fen, LB 233a58 .

¤dálem waitress: b.¤ gl. caupona, Sg. 63a3 (see Études Celt. xi 128 ). ¤dalta: ónmid b.¤ doib a female ward, ZCP viii 308.31 . ¤dechon see dechon. ¤día goddess: Brigit . . . bandēa no adratis filid . . . eam deam uocant poetarum , Corm. Y 150. bándǽ iffirnn gl. Parcas, Sg. 53b1 . Ceres bandea hetho, 60a4 . bandia Cimodocia `the goddess Cymodoce', Aen. 2410. a meic na baindea, 2411 . ¤deiscipul female disciple: doronai Patraic combo bandescipul dó, Trip. 178.11 . ¤delb: nói mbain-delba (-delbda, (mná) remhra, v.ll.) dluth-chóema `nine female forms', Metr. Dinds. ii 28.4 . ¤deoraid woman-stranger, woman outsider: cumad miach sliged do bandeoraidh, Laws ii 390.26 Comm . Fig. (of a flag) bratach mheic éachtaigh Eoghain / minic bhíos n-a baindeoraidh, DDána 85.7 . ¤dialt feminine declension, Auraic. 1830. ¤druí druidess; female skilled in magic arts: tri ferdruid ┐ tri bandrúid, TBC-LL¹ 2402 = dī (leg. tri) drúid insin ┐ a teóra mná, TBC-I¹ 1767. bandrai ┐ bancumachtach mē, ZCP xii 252.14 . a mhaca na bandrúagh = of the sorceress, Isaiah lvii 3.

¤ech mare: (description of a camel) anmann iongantach . . . ionsamhail bhaineich, AFM iv 1080.11 . ¤echlach female horse-messenger: cuiris E. a baineachlach arcend Meadba co Cruachain `female messenger', Ériu ii 178.20 . ¤écht: ni dernnsat banechta ban `have never committed woman-slaughter', MR 212.9 . gan bainéacht do dhéanamh lé `not to slay a woman with it' (one of three `geasa' on a spear), Keat. ii 4389. ¤éices poetess: baneices, LL 1110. ¤én hen bird: ise in mintan cid banen (i.e. the word `mintan' is masc. though it denotes a female bird), Auraic. 541. ¤ernastaid female spouse, wife: (in spiritual sense of Christ and the Church) in fáilte fil do'nd ernastaid spirutalda i n-a mb.¤ , PH 3987. ba sí síur ind Oedha roba bainernustaidh don tí Niall `Hugh's sister was N.'s wife', Hugh Roe 252.2 . ¤esba woman's wantonness: condot ellat / eter briga banespa, LU 3525 ( SCC 28 ).

¤ḟáith, ¤ḟáid woman seer, prophetess: a Feidélm banḟaith co acci in slúag?, LU 4530 ( TBC-I¹ 43 ). Feidelm banḟáid . . . atamchomnaicse, LL 7750. M. bhanfháigh, Exodus xv 20. ¤ḟéinnid woman warrior, amazon: N. . . . ro bith and la hE. mbanfeinded `E. the championess', Dinds. 105. na banḟéndi, TTr.² 1698 . ¤ḟeis(s) see banais. ¤ḟigige woman weaver: bacan na bainfighidh, BNnÉ 191.4 . ¤ḟili poetess: Fedelm banfili do Chonnachtaib mo ainmsea, LU 4525 (TBC). Quies Huallaige . . . banḟile Herend, Ann. Inisf. 934. ¤ḟlaith princess, sovereign lady: banflaith .i. ben . . . amal Meidb Cruachna, Ir. Recht 4 § 1. iar nairdbiu inna banflatha sin gl. Athalia, `queen', Ml. 14a2 . ¤ḟuine baking, kneading done for a woman hence (in opp. to fer-ḟuine) baking of a smaller size, quantity or measure: ceitheora bairgena fichet do banfuine, ZCP xiv 356.7 .

¤gaiscedach female champion: banghaisgedach do mhuinn- tir Ghuill, ML² 412. ¤gal woman's feat of arms: b.¤ (sic leg., ed.) banuallach and-so ale, TBC-LL¹ 4312 ( LL 11116 ). ¤galgat female champion: for slicht na bangalgaite, Airne F. 29. ¤geis: nā gabaidh na baingesa let them not touch forbidden things (i.e. have dealings with a woman), ZCP xii 394.4 . ¤gíall female hostage: (of Mary) ba bangīall (sic leg.: Gabhrīal) Rīgh in rīchidh, ZCP viii 562 § 3. ¤glór: tuath-bhanglór tásclabartha troch `perverse woman-like talk', MR 294.21 . ¤gním: do chuaidh b.¤ tar fergním ag C. the action of a female overcame C.'s action of a male, Comp. CC 116.13 . With 1 grád female rank: teora cumhala cach bangradh do neach is ingen graidh sechta, O'D. 2397 ( Rawl. B 506, 49 ). With 2 grád love for a woman: laigi fri b.¤ , LU 3590 ( SCC 30 ). ¤grés woman's work, needlework; in comic name: Brecan mac Bangresa, Anecd. ii 55.15 . Cf. baingrésach, Acall. 5537 v.l. ¤Gúaire female counterpart of G.: a bhanGhuaire Chláir Chormaic, Dánta Gr. 16.24 .

¤impir empress: do chúala in bhainimpir sin .i. Saphia, ZCP xiii 181.27 . ¤inne women's mind, intuition (?): tic b.¤ don banmíl, LL 375a43 . ¤insce, ¤innsgne feminine gender: gach banindsci, Corm. Y 1219. ferinnsci ┐ banninsci (banindsge, 3024 YBL) . . . lasin nGaidel .i. mascul ┐ femen . . . lasin Laitneoir, Auraic. 521. gobhar gabhar . . . indscne bainindsci innta they take a feminine pronoun, IGT Decl. § 17.23 (usually contracted to b.¤ ).

¤ auspicious day for women: trí banlae: lúan, mairt, cétaín, Triads 216 . Cf. trí ferlae, 217 . ¤leiccerd, ¤lethcerd poetess (see leiccerd): Etan ingen Dīancēcht, banlethcerd ( bannlicerd, Corm. 37 ), Corm. Y 537 . Cf. -éices supra. do Sampait . . . buachail dī ┐ banlicerd isen, BB 393a46 ( Dinds. 86 ). Cf. (of S.) sech ba bard, ba ban-búachail, Metr. Dinds. iv 22.20 . co comfarnaic frie Gris banliccerd ingen Ricisi, BB 368a25 . ¤lennán mistress: at banlendan ┐ at menmarc fer n-domain uli, LU 8237 ( FB 18 ). a baínleandan ┐ a mnai cuínnceda, BB 442b4 . luidh i riocht bain-leandain Conoinn, Leb. Gab.(i) 82.6 . ¤léo, léoman lioness: banleu, Études Celt. xi 125. fer-léo ┐ bain-leo, BNnÉ 84 § 171 . dealbh bhainleomhain, Keat. iii 2002. ¤liaig woman physician, leech; A. b.¤ (daughter of Dian Cécht), LL 1110.

¤mac(c), ¤mac(c)án female infant, a girl-child (see O'Rahilly, Ériu ix 16 ff .): it brestai in bainmaicc `the woman-children', Fél. July 20 . intan asberar ise (= is é) in banmhac-sa (of a masc. noun used for a female), Auraic. 531. Lende banmac ben ba Tuathail / . . . / Báne a hainm, LL 4888. dia mbad missi in banmacan, / nocechrainn cach faelmacan, Auraic. 533 (= banmacam, 3163 ). ¤máer: banmhaor . . . ag tabach na cána soin seachnóin Éireann `a female steward', Keat. i 182.3 . ¤maigister: ingena . . . ┐ do bí banmaighister accu `a governess', Fier. 93. ¤mug bondwoman: cride . . . do ban- chumale fen ┐ do banmogad, LB 233a58 . caoca fermhogh ┐ caoca banmhogh, BS 104.31 .

¤náma(e) female enemy: bannamae gl. inimica, Ml. 26a4 . a bannámu diabuil, PH 8327. ¤noéb(-m) holy woman, female saint: sarucchadh na bannaoimhe, AFM v 1668.7 . ag naomh nó ag bannaomh, TSh. 1048.

¤óclach: go léigfeadh . . . gach uile dhuine a bhanóglach sáor = maidservant , Jeremiah xxxiv 9. amhail banóglaoich, Keat. ii 4699. ¤óg virgin , BNnÉ 189 § 38 . ro tuirn ar mullach cinn na banóighi 'alighted on top of the virgin's head', Ev.Inf. (LFF) 187 § 37 . do-ṡaoileadar . . . gur loisgeadh an banoigh ionrac, Ériu v 76.30 . tar an mbanoigh, 32 . ¤oígi: banoegi (banogi, MS.) `female guest', Sg. 66a15 . ¤othrus: annsom i mbrithemnacht otrusa la Fēne banotrus `nursing of women', BCrólige 30 .

¤rechtaire: rechtairi ┐ banrechtairi . . . ic dáil dóib side ` stewardesses ', Ériu iv 124.19 . dís bhanrachtaireadha `two dairymaids', ITS xvi 118.1 . ¤ríga(i)n queen: is si robad banrígan in chóicid uli, LU 8259 ( FB 20 ). inghean rígh thír na mbéo / is bainríoghain fós, Oss. iv 250.10 . ¤rígnacht queenship: b.¤ úas bantrocht, LU 8231 ( FB 17 ). ? ¤rothán: banrothan (: ¤ṡrothán ?) (name of a metrical stanza), IT iii 101 § 181. -rún: ni dat maithe banrúna, IT i 123.18 . ( TE 9 Eg.)

¤ṡáer: bansaer `a woman wright', BCrólige 32 . -ṡacart priestess: bansagart Iunaindi iside, Aen. 1673. ¤ṡégonn, ¤ṡégainn a distinguished, accomplished lady; consort of a ségainn: manad-fuil . . . nac mbainsedoind lib-si nad gubansedonn (Find asks Cormac for a bride), ZCP xiii 268.19 . cach rí cona rígain, . . . cach ségaind cona banshégaind, MU² 198 . ¤ṡéitig ( ¤ṡéitche) wife: is ecoir do sailisi misi d'fhaghail do bainseitci `as wife', ZCP vi 26.22 . ¤ṡelgaire huntress: i ndelb bansealgairi (viz. Venus), Aen. 293. ¤ṡenchas history, traditions of (celebrated) women: b., buidne, bága (recited at the Fair of Carmun), Metr. Dinds. iii 20.15 . bainṡenchas Erind anso siss, BB 282a11 (title. See RC xlvii 282 ). Leabhar Bainseanchuis, Keat. i 80.5 . ¤tṡeomratóir, ¤ṡeomróir female chamberlain: do goir cuice a bainseomróir (bantṡeomradoír, v.l.), Fier. 92. ¤ṡídaige female dweller in a síd, fairy woman: is é dochoid in n-ectra . . . re Náir b.¤ , LL 2898. conid si aided Moingfinde bansidaige `so this is the death of M. the Banshee', RC xxiv 178.18 . ¤ṡlecht: co hAth mbannslechta to the Ford of Woman-Slaughter, Ériu v 212 n. 92 - 96 .

¤tairchetlaid prophetess: bantaircetlaid Críst (said of St. Brigit), Lism. L. 1704 . ¤tairngertaid prophetess: is hī seo bantairrngertaig Chrīst, ZCP xii 293.31 . ¤tairismid: banterismid gl. obstetrix, Sg. 69a18 . bantairsi (leg. tairismidi?), Lism. L. 1201. ¤tellach: techta cach banteallaig `every woman's entry', Laws iv 8.22 . dethbir in baintellaigh ┐ in feartellaigh .i. anus dechmuide dfir anus cethruime do mnaoi, 14.22 Comm. ¤teolaid see teolaid. ¤tigerna lady; mistress; female ruler: b.¤ Clainni Connmaig re linn tri tigerna `Lady of Clanconway' (first as wife and then as Dowager, n. 3), Ann. Conn. 1411.30 . dobudh baintighearna dhó féin (the soul) that was his (i.e. the body's) own mistress, TSh. 9678. an sólās do bhí ar ar mbaintighearna ghlórmuir (viz. Muire), Parrth. Anma 3792. uinge dor ag an mBaintiagarnain . . . a neaghmais amantuir Tiarna; ┐ tri huinge san mbliaghain do chios Bantiarnain . . . a neaghmais, etc. `Lady's rent', Trans. RIA xv 43.z , 44.2 . ¤tinchor the property brought by a woman on marrying: fer for bantincur, Laws ii 356.7 . acht do bithsiu ar bantincur mnaa supported by a woman, LL 7558. ¤tindnacul = prec. ? fer ratchuir ar bantidnacul mna who has made you dependent on a woman's bounty, LL 12250 ( TBC-LL¹ 5998 ). ¤toísech: bantaisech ingenraid[e] na Cruachnai ` chieftainess ', Dinds. 80. ¤trebthach see baintrebthach. ¤túath: ag na bantuathaibh seo bhádar an dá ríoghdhámh `noble females', Keat. i 218.16 . ¤túathaid (supernatural) woman with magic power: ar ba cumachtach sidhe ┐ bantuathaíd cen bai a colaind, BB 264a7 ( SG 332.9 ). ¤tuilg (a d s.) applied (? only) to wife, consort of a briugu: (of Feast of Tara) ni teded dia hol . . . brudidh gin bantuilg leis, ZCP xiii 260.14 . briuga cin bantuilcc, 268.13 . cach briugu cona bantuilg each hospitaller with his consort, MU² 196.

¤úa female descendant: ag banua Iarla Uladh, DDána 99.10 . banua niece Plunkett s.v. neptis , Celtica xix 138 .

With adjj. derived from nouns: ¤éccoscda of womanly kind, form: onni as feminina, femina .i. banda no banecoscda, Auraic. 612. ¤gnéthech(-ach): bangnethach no bangnimach `of womanly activities', Auraic. 612. ¤úallach: (of a woman's feat of arms) bangal (sic leg., ed.) banuallach and-so ale, TBC-LL¹ 4312 ( LL 11116 ). As subst. ¤áirgech milkmaid: an bhanairgheach, BS 177.27 . ar na cocairibh ┐ banairghibh `dairy-maids', Rule of Tallaght 8.12 . ¤bachlach gl. leno, Sg. 52a5 . pn As epithet: ¤Bretnach British woman, Anecd. iii 57.6 . ¤cháintech female satirist: bancháinteach Chonchubhair da ngairthí Leabharcham, Keat. ii 2952. ¤chumachtach woman possessing magic power: Cáoineocc ban-cumachtach sithe `a fairy witch', BNnÉ 151.33 . (epithet of Venus) imthusa Beniri banchumachtaighi, TTebe 1046 . ¤grésach (1 grés): baingrésach, Acall. 5537 v.l. ¤Laignech Leinster-woman: ropo beoda in b.¤ , Rawl. 87a35 . ¤túaithech witch, wise woman: bantuathecha (sic, bantuatha, banthuach, v.ll.) Tuathe de Danand, LL 16545. woman of Túatha Dé Danand: .iii. híngeana Earnmhais na banthuathaíghe, BB 33a38 . Be Chuille ┐ Dianand na dí bantuathig, LL 1112. Badb ┐ Macha ┐ Anand . . . tri ingena Ernbais na bantuathige, 1121 . female chief: ionann . . . tuathach ┐ tighearna . . . do beirthear dá bhantuathaigh ar Bheuchuill ┐ ar Dhanainn, do bhí 'na mbaintighearnaibh aca, Keat. i 214.25 .

Rarely with form ben-. ¤Ebrach: mas eabhrach nó air beineabhrach = Hebrewess, Jeremiah xxxiv 9. ¤gág wrinkled woman, hag: a bh.¤ , BS 86.28 . ¤geilt madwoman: co ttarla bengheilt dó ann, BS 108.6 . ¤impire empress: Henri mac na Beinimpire, Mart. Don. xxix 29.

See banais, banaltra, bantrocht, banscál.

1 do-fich

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 do-fich or dil.ie/17637

Forms: n[o]mdichim-se, dufichi, nisndig, diagar-ni, deich, codufess, dufe, codufessar, arnamderustar, dersamis, dofestais, dufí, dufiastar, dufesatar, dofessind, daruich, doroacht, anduruacht, diachtae, diachtí, dígal

v (* di-fich-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 521 ) punishes ; avenges. Indic. pres. 1 s. n[o]mdichim-se form náimtea gl. me de aduersariis uindico, Ml. 38c21 (nim-, Facs., cf. Thes. i. 719 ). ganad cumma difichim a n-enechgresa ulie, ZCP iii 236 . 2 s. dufichi gl. uindicantem, Ml. 71b18 . 3 s. is bésad inna flatho doem et d.¤ , Wb. 9d2 . hore dofeich cach n-olcc et mórid cach maith, 6a16 . isindí d.¤ a peccad for cách, 15a16 . dufich tar ǽsi pectha inna naithre He punishes for the sins . . ., Ml. 123d8 . intí d.¤ gl. ulciscatur, 19d3 . uindicando .i. lase d.¤ dia fornancridesi for cách, 115b13 . nisndig He does not punish them, 24b17 . teora gua ata moam dafich Dia for cach tuaith, Laws iv 52.24 (= O'Dav. 901 ) .i. is mesa indechas Dia, 27 . tri pecaid ata moam d.¤ Dia for cach duine .i. is mo fuachtnaiges Dia for duine, O'Dav. 993 . is é d.¤ a n-olc dognither friu, Ériu ii 194 § 5 . dafích dias dia muntir, ZCP ix 192. 30 . Pass. ol nach[an] diagar-ni gl. quod non uindicamur, Ml. 101c16 . do-fechar ó Día co nómad nóe, ZCP xi 85 § 38 . fofera mór n-uilc sund, fo secht sechtdiabul dofechar tall, ib. Ipv. 2 s. deich tarm chenn, Ml. 72d11 .

Subj. pres. 2 s. codufess gl. ad ulciscendum, Ml. 44a9 . tair limsa co ndérais (.i. coro digla), LU 1530 ( MU² 1033 ). 3 s. ci dufe na cinta sin, Ériu xvi 182 § 33 . With -ro-: cia do-rae a cinta, O'Curry 1891 ( 23 P 3, 22b ). dera .i. digail, ut est aire echta is é side condera a gresa cen cumsanad .i. co ro derb digla in grisa, O'Dav. 637 . Pass. codufessar that he be punished, Ml. 32c20 . ? co ndiglaib dianaib dergib derastar .i. diasduir (sic leg., Stokes), O'Dav. 594 . arnamderustar, Anecd. iii 29.2 . Impf. 1 pl. brissem fír fer forsin lōech dūs in dersamis ar sāeth to see if we might be able to avenge . . ., ZCP iii 45.14 . Pass. pl. dofestais gl. uindicari, Ml. 29c7 . Fut. 3 s. dufí .i. duema són gl. uindicabit, Ml. 67c5 . Pass. nach dualaig dungena dufiastar fair, 129b4 . dufiastar t[a]ra cennsom, 27c4 . mani thibreat (viz. cath) nīcon dīastar foraib co brāth, TBC-I¹ 2981 . tofesar gním guinaitte, Fianaig. 38.26 . ? digfiter dilfitir . . . cach ina olc dib, Lec. 345b4 ( ZCP x 39.35 ). (of Doomsday) dofiter digfiter uan tenid teind there will be burning and vengeance (?), 345a40 ( ZCP x 39.27 ). pl. ar dufesatar asennad they will be punished at last, Ml. 24b19 . Condit. 1 s. dofessind, RC xxv 226.2 .

Perf. 3 s. acht daruich .i. Dia gl. vindicatus est, Ml. 43d19 . ? Cathal deichmo-dere[i]ch C. best avenged him, RC xvii 188.27 (= dechmon derich .i. ro oirc, AFM i 260.4 ). co nderaig, RC xxi 401.14 . Pass. doroacht gl. est . . . vindicatum, Ml. 98d9 . anduruacht gl. vindicatus `when he was avenged', 43d11 . inta[n] doroacht forsna pecthachu a clóine when the sinners were punished for their iniquity, 38d8 . is forrae fadisin doroacht, Tur. 79 . Part. diachtae. Vbl. of necess. diachtí. Vn. dígal. IGT Verbs § 124 .

feidm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. feidm or dil.ie/21472

Forms: ḟedma, fedmuim, fedman, fedmand, fedma, fedmand, feidhm, feadhma, fedhmanna, ḟedhma, fedmanda

n n, n. later m. n s. féidm n -úag, SR 6837 . g s. ind ḟedma TBC-LL¹ 2967 . d s. fedmuim, Laws v 488.35 Comm. n p. fedman AU 821 . fedmand, LU 10816 (M). a p. fedma, LL 216a31 . g p. fedmand, LL 146a5 . feidhm, m. g s. n p. feadhma, IGT, Decl. § 41 . pl. also fedhmanna (canamain) ib. ex. 1134 . 1143 . The primary meaning seems to be load, stress, strain, passing into the senses of utmost effort, effort, exertion; burden, service, function . The transition may be illustrated by such an example as: buí f.¤ cuinge sesrige ina samthaig there was the load of a plough-team in its handle = it would take a plough-team to move ... LU 9191 ( FB 91 ). carraig ... a roibi f.¤ seisrigi do tharraing, TTebe 942 . Cf. fri ētnu dam bátár fedmand la firu Herend cosin n-aidchi sin. co n-aicces la lucht in tsíde fora formnaib. dogníth samlaid la E. ... is aice toísech tucad cuing for muinélaib dam, LU 10816 . is leis doradadh cuing for muinélaibh damh ar tús, ar is fria n-édnu na ndamh do bhíth a feidm gó sin, Cóir Anm. 103 . dam ro boí fon feidm, LB 60by . a n-ingeilt fo fedmu[i]m (of oxen) grazing while at work, under the yoke Laws iii 266.23 . .x. damu dagfedma ten oxen able for a heavy load (?) Ériu ii 4.7 . ba he feidm toisech doriacht an eclais a fh.¤ his (ox-drawn) load (of timber) was the first to reach the church Lism. L. 2558 . co ructha graige ┐ eti ┐ fedman iarmaib so that steeds and flocks and loads could be brought along them (of frozen streams and lakes) AU 821 . [doghniat] fedmunna ramhōra do thinol ... cu nach lugha inās in cnoc ... in dumha chonnaid fil aca they are gathering together great loads (of firewood) RC xliii 106.13 .

(a) strain, stress, effort, exertion, undertaking: f.¤ as mo, | comrac re Coin Culainn, TBC-LL¹ 3117 St. adfét scéla in mórfedma atconnairc enterprise (i.e. labor of constructing a causeway) LU 10826 . fri deiscin ind feadma dobertatar do dénam an tochair `the effort they put forth' Ériu xii 178.7 . Cf. TBC-LL¹ 758 St cited under feirtche. bíd féidm ferrda ocaib be of good courage PH 6504 . tresim fedma strongest of effort Auraic. 5556 . fedmanna ós niurt `exertions beyond one's strength' Tec. Corm. § 21 . da mbe in corp athach san uaig | a dhēchsain (sic leg.) is f.¤ firchruaid, ACL iii 239 § 27 . beg a f.¤ da degbois De | deilb dā tegdais small the effort for God's hand (?) 236 § 8 . ba f.¤ adbal d'oeinfer ... triall cosnama na cruinne, CCath. 4740 . tucsat f.¤ ferrda cacha fir furri cor chuirset assa tuinide in tromchloch, Acall. 2810 . tucsat a lāma ... chum na cloiche da tarraing ... ┐ ni raibe tarba issin trenfeidm ór nir ḟētsat a becc di, 2754 . briathra forránta, f.¤ tim `violent verbiage followed by feeble effort' O'Gr. Cat. 556.17 . dol re [a] gcosg ... fa feidhm ós cionn a bhfuluing, Content., xviii 71 . Folld. by qualifying subj. gen.: f.¤ cēt and do nirt he has the strength of a hundred TBC-LL¹ 1006 (= atā nert cēd ann, St). gegnaid banb ... ┐ nusberaid leo dia fuini ┐ a ḟ.¤ uili ann it was as much as they all could do = it took the whole of them (to carry it) ICM xiii Harl.

(b) work, service, duty, function (cf. d): ro forcongair ... for dam n-allaid ... in f.¤ sin do denam `ordered a stag to do that work' (i.e. to take the place of an ox at the plough) Fél. 72.28 . imāin na ndam dochom a fedhma dlighthi[gh] budein .i. a n-oibre, Laws v 136.15 Comm. ni f.¤ flatha nā fīrlaich duitsi aiscc feicheamnais do thabhairt ... `it is not the act of a prince in thee' MR 284.15 . na grāda do c[h]othugud | is f.¤ uasal mor aonfir, ZCP x 45. 4 . atá f.¤ ar leith ac cach aenḟer acaind a separate function Acall. 5460 . cret t'ḟeidm-si what is thy service ? 5465 . drong ... ic na bia f.¤ aili san cath acht a ngaire catha do tabairt, CCath. 5514 . bídh a ḟis ac [gach] aenduine díb cred is f.¤ dó, Maund. 202 . gach fear ag freagra a fheadhma, GF, Ir. Monthly 1919, 106 . no geibhdis betha gan f.¤ ndaonda leó acht ernaigthe ... BNnÉ 320.22 . gan feidhm ndaor ar mhnaoi servile occupation Content. v 77 . do rinneas ... feidhm díbh I have done you a service xxix 4 . déanaidh feidhm don Tighearna = servite Domino TSh. 6767 . is é feidhm do-níodh an coileach dó, iarmhéirghe ... do choimhéad, Keat. iii 1120 . gurab contrárdha na feadhma iarras Dia ar na daoinibh ┐ an feidm iarras an saoghal (comm. on non potestis Deo servire et Mammonae) TSh. 9881 . do fedhmaim anmcharat function (obligations) of a confessor YBL 408a marg. sup. fer fedma steward (?): Finn .h. C., fer fedma ┐ ferannuis moir do righ Connacht ` agent ' ALC 1223 (p. 266z) .aes, lucht fedma soldiery; servitors, attendants: dochuir a glaslaith ┐ a aes fedma ... d'argain Aeda g., SG 66.28 . IT ii2 135. 325 . Oss. iii 162.7 . lucht fedhma an dunaigh, L. Chl. S. 11 . Folld. by defining gen.: denasa f.¤ gabunn act as smith Lism. L. 3783 . f.¤ a ngreagh uatha orra | longa lūatha ... on the swift ships they impose the function of their steeds (?) IGT, Decl. ex. 2140 . feidhm na gcogthach re cois long, | feidhm teanchaire i dtigh ghabhonn | ... tarla oraibh `god airdrígh, TD 19.16 . do bhamur ... a bhfeidhm ollamh in the capacity of ollaves KMMisc. 56 § 5 . ní fili ... | hí f.¤ eoluis ilcrothaigh in the practice of various kinds of knowledge ZCP iv 237. 11 = Leb. Cert. 236 . ni faict[h]e ise fri f.¤ a lēiginn ┐ a grēsa , ACL iii 308 , VI 12 . f.¤ n-eclastacda, YBL 166b5 . i bfeidhm na súiste `wielding the flail' O'Gr. Cat. 532.7 .

(c) of a warlike effort or strain (often in broad sense of attack, onset, defence, etc.): cach f.¤ catha ┐ comlaind ... dingebatsa díb uile sin, Acall. 5462 (corresp. to: eigen catha v.l.). do réidhighedh láithir iombuailte dona ... miledhibh sin ar go bhfesdís fein f.¤ comhlainn a chéile, B IV 2, 146b19 . feidhm na leirge a aonar air, GF, Ir. Monthly 1919, 104 . ar a angbaigheacht i n-ionadh fedhma `his valour in the field of conflict' AFM v 1778.15 . lá feadhma day of stress, battle Ir. Monthly 1927, 552 ( 23 L 17, 81b ). an bhuidhean ... bhíos iomad i n-am ḟeadhma `in time of stress' TD 21.6 . re hinnarba cach fedma ┐ cach foreigne `to repel every attack and violence' MR 160.23 . f.¤ catha `exertion of battle', duty of service of a warrior in battle: dober-sa m'ḟ.¤ catha ... la P. I will exert my battle-strength with P. CCath. 1121 . do tabairt a fedma catha ┐ comluind leo `to give them their help in battle' Cog. 74.24 . rogabsat ... a ffedhmanna catha forra, ZCP xiv 231.16 . ro ba cruaidh in comthuargain ... doronsat ... ic gabail a fedmann catha forru, CCath. 5907 . ro láa ... fortocbhail a fedhma catha forru, 2016 . mongur na curad ac comghabail a bḟedhmann catha, Marco P. 61 . (for gabáil fedma cf. co ngabad feidm fois that it should undertake the duty of stillness (?) Ériu iii 14 , but in the instances above there may be the notion of standing up to the stress of battle, taking punishment). cia dib no laccadh a fedm catha whose battle force was weakening CCath. 5975 . roba gairit in caill comarchi uathaib iat, ┐ a feidm catha forro, ┐ a ndruim riu, Cog. 176.23 . ro-ordaigh C. a ffedhmanna catha for na curadaibh assigned to the warriors their duties ZCP xiv 240.4 [or does this belong to (b) ?]. Cf. cur fedma: ní lamh cách ... luadh cogaidh ná cur feadhma, TD 21.39 . cur feadhma dóibh risan druing | sluagh T. ní budh tualuing, 2.11 . g s. as attrib.: nertlia do chloich ḟedhma , ZCP viii 543.8 . bertais a eire fedma leis da trelamh ghaisgidh (i.e. as much as he could carry) TBC-LL¹ p. 303 n. 5 . tuc fuirmed fedma do gae ... air `a strenuous thrust' TTebe 2817 . tuc fuirmeadh feadhma ... fuirre (lifting a heavy stone) ML 2y . is fis fedma `a labour it is to learn' Metr. Dinds. ii 62 . pl. tucad leo fedmanda fillti for bogadaib bending strains (i.e., they strained bows to test them ?) TTebe 1275 . re haidhbhliu na fedmann no fuilngitis of the stresses CCath. 5872 . ag airiúghadh an ḟeadhma sin perceiving their labor (of men lifting a stone) ML 2.20 . Common in chevilles: f.¤ n-úag, SR 6837 . f.¤ as uaisliu, Fél. Jan. 21 . f.¤ ngle, BB 51a30 . f.¤ as détlu, ACL iii 297 § 52 . f.¤ ngialla, MR 204 . Transf. of persons: in Congenchnesach ..., in f.¤ nach fuiliṅgther, TBC-I¹ 2205 . gurab é an feidhm nach fuloingther ... .i. Fer Diadh, ZCP x 276.7 .

(d) use; efficacy, cf. (b): mór a bhfeidhm i n-aimsir the | d'fionnḟuaradh ceathra is daoine (of rivers), Content. vi 71 . Cf. ní feidhm do an Ghaoidheilg do léaghadh ... gan a bfios do bheith aige do mheabhair `without having them by heart it is a vain effort for him to attempt [he will not be able for] the reading of Irish' O'Gr. Cat. 630.24 . bíd drong ... doitheagaisg ann, ionnus nach bí feidhm ... an bás do bhagar orra so that it is no use threatening them TSh. 554 . dogní f.¤ de (re), makes use of: is é feidhm do-nídís do sheicheadhaibh na dtarbh, Keat. ii 5441 . nachar bhfer feadhma do dhéanamh re clogat é the man to use a helmet O'Gr. Cat. 510.26 .

benaid f.¤ de makes use of; causes to work: ag buain fheadhma dá eachraidh, RC xlix 173 § 33 .

atá f.¤ ar there is use for; need of: ní ḟuil feidhm ar th'iomarbháigh your arguing is needless (useless) Content. xxii 31 . dá mbeadh f.¤ ar .ae. do leathnughadh if it were needful to broaden `ae' IGT, Decl. Introd. 7.6 . ní haige an muinntir a tá slán a tá feidhm ar an líaigh, Matthew ix 2 . ort o nach bfuil a bfeidhm since they have no use for thee Carswell 24.11 . an uair nach roibhe f.¤ ar chlogat ag énduine, agus dá mbiadh nach aigesion do bhiadh f.¤ riu, O'Gr. Cat. 510.24 . fuair feidhm ar a ghuidhe `he found his prayer efficacious' A. Ó Dálaigh 50.28 . Without AR: is móide ata féidhm againn Dia do ghuidhe, Eochairsg. 17.21 . d'ḟ.¤ of use, needful (with AR of pers.): go bhfoighe an ghloir ṡiordhaidhe ┐ gach ní atá d'ḟeidhm air dochum a faghala, Ó Héodhusa 224.10 . na neithi do bhí df.¤ orra do bhreth leo, Mac Aingil 64.17 . éin-rí ... dob ḟearr d'ḟ.¤ d'Éirinn ná Niall of greater service to Content. v 70 . Cf. má do chuireas d'ḟ.¤ orra cuaird ... if I have constrained them to search xiv 19 . Hence with obj. gen. need, necessity, occasion: ní bhí feidhm lóirghníomha air, Mac Aingil 303.13 . do gach duine do beith 'na feidhm who might need it BCC p. 132.16 . Cf. mainnear i bhf.¤ a faire adhbha an anma in need of guard (?) Studies 1931, 81 . ag so an fáinne i bhfeidhm na ndrol ib. cor faesma .i. in cor curtar risin mac faesma ... ┐ ní ar feidm gaire o geilfíne, Laws iv 62.4 .

Compds. ¤láidir strong of effort, energetic: fuirmeadh feidmlaitir, TBC-LL¹ p. 95 n. 1 St. fer foirtill feidhmláidir, AFM vi 2258.9 . gluasacht ... go foisdineach f., ML 64.17 . -nertmar id.: a fhlaith ... fedmnertmhar `mighty in enterprise' Aen. 1850 . a fiodhbhacaibh ... feidhmnertmara, AFM vi 2130.5 .

1 fúath

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 fúath or dil.ie/24715
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: fuath, fuath, fúatha, uathu, ḟuathu, fúatha, uatha, fúathcraibdig

n o, n., later m. n s. fuath ṅ-eperta, Sg. 137b9 . g p. inna fuath , 3b20 . a p. fúatha, LU 9251 . uathu, 8663 ( FB 49 ). ḟuathu, LB 209b14 (for d p.) Later g s. in sense (b) fúatha, Moling § 20 . ind uatha , § 21 .

(a) likeness, form, semblance ; in Glosses often like Lat. figura in an abstr. sense, later generally of a visible form or shape , whether of a natural object or its artificial representation ; in this sense the word seems to have become obsolete during the Mid. Ir. period and is frequently glossed in MSS. fuath .i. dealb, Lec. Gl. 5 . Stowe Gl. 390 . Metr. Gl. D 11 . f.¤ et delb a bāis som (gl. configuratus morti eius) Wb. 24a8 . fúad folid (figura substantiae) 32b3 . hi fuath (in similitudine) Ml. 38c6 . fuath n-eperta a figure of speech Sg. 137b9 . fuath laburtha, PH 5655 . hona fuathaib (corporum imaginibus) Enchir. Aug. 76a ( ZCP vii 482 ). fuath fir the form of a man TBC-LL¹ 3321 . f.¤ ┐ fóscugud muintire nime, LU 1985 ( FA 5 = delba LB). senoir ... i f.¤ tsacairt, Grail 2820 . neach co n-eccosc rig ┐ co f.¤ flatha 3228 . peist ... ┐ f.¤ cait fuirre, BNnÉ 8 § 27 . fuath na cruiche, Trip. 8.25 (gl. .i. delb, ACL iii 8 ). fuath ┐ cuma na heclaisi sin (a description) LB 158a42 . boi fuath da piastt a ndornnchur an cloidim, Grail 2867 . f.¤ tige fotai, (of Long na mban [or Tech Midchuarta]) LL 30c3 (= Dinds. 1 § 26 ). emancoll ... .i. coll dar coll ina f.¤ (i.e. it is shaped like one letter c athwart another), Auraic. 5527 . fuath lochad (i.e. golden mice, i Reg. vi 5 ) SR 5431 . f.¤ doim de uma, PH 1239 . fuath finemna di ōr, Alex. 581 . doconcadar arna rindad a slesaib in tempaill f.¤ (.i. dealb) na Trai, Aen. 310 .

Cf. a Eochaid airtt fuath ara falnather iath aneoil, Rawl. 125b12 (inc. of poem). a fuaith airt Eochaid ib. 46 (expl.). Eochaid ... fuath n-airt .i. fuath dea ara c[h]oeme, ZCP viii 301.19 = f.¤ n-airt .i. fuath .i. delb dé fair, Cóir Anm. 167 (see alternative explanation s.v. 2 fúath).

(b) a hideous or supernatural form, a spectre, apparition, monster, etc. (general later use, cf. similar use of English shape; but in this sense prob. from 1 úath with prosthetic f) : co faca in torathar... .i. fuath aingeda cona muintir duibh, Moling § 15 . fuad becc biorach ... i ndeilb mna (description of a `piast') BNnÉ 108 § 2 . fuath is amuid is arrocht, TD 4.29 . fuath (arracht) doidealbda, Leb. Gab.(i) i 50 . éitchi indát fúatha Hérenn, Ériu iv 100 § 35 (cf. 1 úath, int húath, § 38 , § 39 ). risna fuathaib ┐ risna haslingib facessa dóib, TBC-LL¹ 5009 (of a disturbed night). na tri fuatha a hIbarglind, LL 207a52 . baidhbh ┐ brainén ┐ fuatha (haunting a battle-field) ITS v 184.17 . Cf. f.¤ mar a[n] corp do c[h]uibrech (of the body as prison of the soul) ACL iii 240 § 35 = Aithd D. p. 306 . Fúath ┐ Fanntais (names of Vulcan's oxen) LL 221b13 ( TTr. 319 ).

See 1 úath.

Compds. In sense (a) ¤chlérech a sham or dissembling cleric: is tuidecht dar riagail ... a ndenat na fuathc[h]leirigh ZCP vi 271 § 6 . ¤chráibdech a hypocrite: pl. fúathcraibdig ┐ brécaire, LU 2205 ( FA 28 ) = RC xxvi 158 . ¤ledb a pattern-leather, a pattern for a needlewoman: usaite lē in torad dogni o laim in n-uath ledb ina fiadnaisi .i. fuath in gresa , Laws i 152.23 Comm.

1 grés

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 grés or dil.ie/26613

n m., u.

I handicraft, workmanship, ornamentation, artistic work : gréss i n-óentig fri muintir, Triads 70 . ferr grés soos, LL 345c51 . columhain marmair ... cu saine gacha gresa fair, ZCP i 254.24 . Cairnech ... scribnid Ciarain, is iside roscríb in scribenn amra ... cona hilgressaib `with its many illuminations (?),' Fél.² lxii 5 . glantar do tech gressa lat `let your workshop be cleaned by you,' Ériu v 72.18 . Of the work of building a tower : iar scur in gréssa (: béssa) glanúair, Metr. Dinds. iii 412.26 . togbhus an eaglas go ndealbhadhaibh iongantachaibh ┐ go ngresaibh bregha `with wondrous carvings and brave ornaments,' BNnÉ 188.36 . seacht mbliadna tra robatar na descipuil forsin cuairt ┐ teora bliadna doib ic taispenad a ngresa i fus displaying their accomplishment at home, Auraic. 239 . indeoin in Daghdha ba druin | do grés Grinne, Celt. Rev. x 345.z . iomdha gréas na ghlas cherdcha ar an gcrannghail gcoinnealta, Ériu v 62.1 . a greis (leg. grés) gan locht ar a lār ornament without a flaw on its surface, Ériu ii 164.3 .

II needlework, embroidery, female accomplishments : fuath in gresa the pattern of the needlework, Laws i 152.24 . mad ingena nos-berat, non-alad fri druine ┐ gresa , ZCP i 422.1 . ni raibe bíad aile isin tigh acht ina fagadh-si ar a grés, RC xxvii 292 § 53 . ba halaind an ingin sin, eter cruth ┐ chéill ┐ gais ┐ gres ┐ genus, Ériu iii 168 § 25 . asaid in ingen iarsin eter ghenus ┐ grēs ┐ lēigenn, ACL iii 308 vi 9 . go niomad gach nuile ghrés ar thaobhuibh an thaorchotúin (= tsaorch.), Rel. Celt. ii 260.39 . is ré n-a linn fos do cuireadh gréasa is corthaire ... ar bhrataibh ar dtús i nÉirinn embroideries and fringes, Keat. ii 1915 . clūimh arna grés le gallmhnaoi, L. Cl. A. B. 98.128 . is meadhrach bíd maighdeana ag gréas a mbrat embroidering their cloaks, Ó Bruad. ii 206.1 .

III poetical composition, a work of art, a poem : ní gres luighthi co luathbras `no epithalamium rashly or perfunctorily made' (O'Gr.), Acall. 818 . do mheas mé ar mhalairt cceirde | seachna na ngréas ngaoidheilge, KMMisc. 242 § 3 . is a fidnemedaib fognitis filid a ngressa, O'Mulc. 830 . ní rob gerr mo grés glé-maith, Metr. Dinds. iii 346.102 . gréas do rithlearg composition of rhetoric, Content. xii 5 . ra ghreas laoidhe ar ar luigh san `in the poem on which he worked,' ib. xxii 13 . dealbhfad do Chormac mo chēidghrēs droighnighe, L. Cl. A. B. 146.1 . grés oirrdheirc do bhegan rann | do dhealbh misi, Rel. Celt. ii 289.16 . ná tug geall dod ghréaslaoidheadh, Content. xii 6 . luach mo ghréas im láimh, Hackett xix 16.

IV work, doings : i ciniudh imdergtha gach duine allos a[r] ngresa, RC xiv 54.2 . ro taisben doib a gres o ro scarsat, Laws i 22.2 . teora bliadna doib ic taispenad a ngresa `three years in displaying their studies,' Auraic. 239 = 2554 .

1 gres(s)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 gres(s) or dil.ie/26611

n ā, f. ( IGT Decl. § 39 ) band of guests ; a guest : g s. cacha mbiam frisin greis donnainic, Anecd. i 40.19 . erpais a athair tine sailli dí do broth don gres, Lism. L. 319.23 = Irish Texts i 4 § 10 . is ardgres liath ... ticc cucad, Ériu viii 121.12 . pl. madh gresa oclaic[h] ... ticc `warrior guests,' ib. 121.24 . ┐ as as tecaid na gressa, ib. 121.25 . do gressaib ┐ glammaib dar cend a n-enig, TBC-LL¹ 1737 . fáitte Medb na drúith ┐ na glámma ┐ na crúadgressa ar cend Ḟir Diad, ib. 3018 . forslaicthe ar chinn cliar ocus coinneamh, greas ocus glamh, MR 104.1 . fled gres, ACL iii 306 § 12 . greasa .i. áoidheadha no lucht énuaire, O'Cl.

2 gres(s)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 gres(s) or dil.ie/26612
Last Revised: 2013

n ā, f.

I an attack, a hostile encounter, an onset : trom immorro in gress rolasat `... the attack they delivered,' RC viii 56.9 . amnass ... in gress rollasat, RC xiii 456.17 . díghaltach greise a champion (i.e. the avenger of an aggression), MR 310.18 . is mo art fine 'ca focul | bith 'sa cath ag tnúthgreis, Fianaig. 82.6 . locud mo gréise (greisi v.l.) ceníl `shrinking from my tribal attack' ?, O'Dav. 581. . .. na greiss gúir | noberad leis cenn Saúil, SR 6395 . is gnáth iar ngreiss co torud | bág fri feiss fri fledugud, Metr. Dinds. iii 350.39 . cipē bess for greiss whosoever be attacking, RC xiii 114.12 . do foillsighedh iofrann dó, go ngreis d'anmannaibh adhuathmura ann `with an onset ...,' BNnÉ 185 § 19 . gress fola fordergi ... do ferthain asin nell sin `an onrush of crimson blood,' RC xxviii 310 § 7 . (m.?) īar ngreis galach | cen anad ropo leis Ailech, Arch. Hib. ii 49 § 24 . greis .i. orgain, O'Cl. pl. arfich a n-gressu, LU 8313 ( FB 23 ). dóeme a mmórgressa ocus a mmóraurgala, ib. 8148 ( FB 11 ). doberot side gressa an cathae do Lugh, RC xii 83 § 83 . isé in mac-sa ferfas bar ngresa uile, ZCP v 504.5 . ce do-rairg gressa don phurt, Sc.M² 22.8 . am chur fri chruaidhghreasaibh, Todd Lect. iv 98.15 ( CRR² 39 ). Gnáth-hūaraib ar gressaib gal | glenaid luch inna lín-sam, GOI ii 40 § 4 ( Thes. ii 293.20 ). ria ṅgressaib athar Solman, ZCP iii 22.20 ? = 1 grés. i n-éagmais a ndearnadh do ghreasuibh (sic leg. ; ghrasuibh, MS) ┐ d'ionnsaighthuibh, Ériu i 80.22 . Scīath ... co ngēire ngus agus ngreas, ZCP viii 227 § 7.

II an attack on the honour, an insult, an injury : is fēli dō ... a imfolach, intan teithes ria nōenḟer ; ol nīpo mōo a greis (gress, LU) do andās do Ultaib archena, TBC-I¹ 1268 . combai cen diamra fo greis, SR 6714 . docain co glerdaith cen greis, 1021 . ba gress ┐ ba imdergad mór dont shlúag anísin, RC viii 50.13 . díl gresse d'emain t'óen-rosc `one of thy eyes is a satisfaction for my insult,' Metr. Dinds. iii 342.56 . ba gress don deóra dagḟir | a chuit feóla i n-óenmagin, ib. 162.11 . ri cen grain, cen gris, cen greiss (: eisleis), SR 2561 . .iii. lecca liss Luigdech .i. gress ┐ ruicci ┐ mebul, RC xxiii 324.30 . cach gres, cach enechruice, is for cintaib treisi ata, Laws i 162.x . coic seoit ina díriu do neoch iss gress do dia eneclann, iv 308.25 . i n-digail (sic leg.) na greise truime tucadh ar a enec, ib. 66.32 . dígal greise avenging an injury or insult, vendetta : aire echta, is é side condera a gresa , O'Dav. 637 . airi echta in tAengus Gabuaidech ac dígail greisi ceniuil a tuathaib Luigne, Laws iii 82.8 . forimtecht digla do greise, ib. v 296.19 . boi Oengus ic dígail gressi ceneoil i cociud Conacht, LU 4344 . nocha rabha dioghal greis na treis for lar Breghmhaighe, AFM i 360.12 (an. 758) . digaltach greise a champion : cid cia fer uaind budh beó de, | nách budh díghaltach greise, MR 310.18 .

III an essay, an attempt, a bout, a turn, the amount of any thing done at a time (? also m. in this sense) : cé dogénsam ainmne uime | frisin cédgreis (: ēislis) upon the first offence (?), ACL iii 295 § 22 . greas for indeoin striking on an anvil, Laws v 474.1 ; 486.24 . Colam Collereach gaba na tri fhuargres `of the three cold strokes,' ib. 472.7 Comm. Goibniu goba faciebat hastas fri teōra gresa, ┐ ba fēith in tress gress, Corm. Y 975 = fria teorai gressai, RC xii 92.z . ata gobae liond cenai .i. Colum Cuaolléinech teorae nua-gres `of the three new processes,' RC xii 76.10 . grod-greasa gaibnige le h-ordaibh keen blows of smithcraft with hammers, MR 238.7 . do ghlac an ghreis mharcuigheachta ar feadh an fhaid cheadna, ITS i 36.12 . gnathaigheadh a mothrach re greas do laeib iad let him take them early for a certain number of days, 23 P 10³, 65a17 . mar mhnáibh dá ngáirinn greasa if, like women, I were to get fits of shrieking, Ó Bruad. ii 242.y .

imlúad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. imlúad or dil.ie/27629

Forms: imluaide, imlúate

n o, m. (g s. imluaide also found, Laws v 334.20 Comm. imlúate, RC xiv 420.2 ) act of setting in motion (in various significations). In Ml. gl. agitatio.

(a) act of stirring up, stirring, moving, setting in motion (trans.): línanarta gela ┐ goeth oca nimluad, RC ii 394.5 . Eas Rúaid ... | cén beit eicne 'ga imlúad as long as salmon are stirring it, Ériu iv 150.28 . rí rofaed inn-angel n-uag | ba gnim ṅdangen fri himluad, SR 7230. i.¤ ┐ comtocbail in cogaidh moir, CCath. 1169. imluadh catha eter rigaibh `to foster battle between kings,' Aen. 1683. ainesccaidh la neach imlúadh a lam docom in cat[h]a sin, CCath. 5589. d'imluadh a rethedh toghla `to impel battering rams,' 655 . in ni uil ac i.¤ an muilind, Laws iii 280.16 Comm. aca i.¤ sis ocus suas, 202.23 Comm. in duine teched sechu dobertis essidhe i cliabh ... ┐ a imluadh tar an allt, Lism. L. 4834. a n-inad a imluaidh o a tigh, RC xliii 54.9 . d'imluadh ┐ do choimhthreōrugadh in naemhshēpēil, Fl. Earls 124.17 . ro indsidar ... gur ceannaighchi ... iat ro buí ic imluadh a cennaighechta ` hawking ,' Stair Erc. 225.

(b) act of moving, moving about (intrans.); movement, activity, exertion: ri dorigni sreba sluag | dona hénaib fri i.¤ , SR 306. o rolínad ind arc huag | robái in digal for i.¤ , 2510 . ind Olimp huag | cen chumscugud cen i.¤ , 126 . roordaig tret na n-uan ... for i.¤ iarsin sleib, Todd Lect. iii 44.8 . ised is lethbrisid and aen duine ac imluad `one man being in motion,' Laws iii 260.4 Comm. madh a n-imluadh in agaid miled `their movement against soldiers,' CCath. 5081. a mbátar ciana for imluad forsna tonnaib, RC x 52.2 . a reim iomramha ┐ iomluaidh, Leb. Gab.(i) 126 n. 11 . re fothrum a fannbratach | ic imluad ic eitealaig `the rustling of their standards streaming and floating,' MR 184.8 . nírbho ail doibh in laithi do imluadh ar oman a faircsina `to move by day,' Marco P. § 56. romgab in críne m'imlúad age has taken away from me my motion, Ériu iv 154.15 . as-ren boin do raith inna imloth ┐ i nn-aurslucuth a indisi `für seine Bemühung,' Bürgschaft 25 § 70. re hi.¤ muntiri in rig re freastal ... na fleidi sin ` activity ,' TTebe 460 . tri fodla for Feraib Bolg | cid a n-imlúad, ní hanord `as to their movements there was no disorder,' Metr. Dinds. iii 170.26 . ? To this: imsgar ┐ imludh na cloinde sin Iba[i]d `the travels and wanderings,' Ériu viii 8.2 .

(c) act of wielding weapons, hurling missiles: cid Ferchess ... o ragab a arm d'imlúad, LL 27b3 . mor céite is mor carrac cruaid | immá ndernus airm d' i.¤ , Acall. 3434. conár cumhaingsiot na sloigh ... a n-airm d' iomluadh no d'imirt, AFM vi 2034.1 . rogabsat ica n-i.¤ do cec[h]tar in da leit[h]i (of missiles), CCath. 5653.

(d) act of driving trans.: tussu gan charptiu d'imluád, TBC-LL¹ 4149. luidh Fionn d'iomlúadh in eich duibh gussin tráigh, Duan. F. i 28.26 . ni tráth imlúate echraide, RC xiv 420.2 . Of driving cattle: aris romor do imluad, Laws ii 126.15 . soilbech bethach la log n-imsaetha .i. la log eimhluaidh dá scripul x i n-imluadh, O'Dav. 1070 (cf. Bürgschaft 45.13 ). cinmotha smacht an imluaig, O'D. 1694 (< H 5.15, p. 31 col. 2 ). ? Here: seoit imluaid seds as payment for driving ?, Laws iii 320.5 , 7 , 13 . seoit imluaidhe, v 334.20 , 25 . seoit imluaidi ... no cuitighi tobaigh, O'D. 2412 (< Rawl. B 506, fo. 52d ). fiach imluaidh, Laws v 224.23 . is e oiret rethis in fiach imluaid, co log tobaig fo aicned na criche i ndentar in t-imluadh, 26 . Intrans. careering: hi cocrichaib nad clechta err óencharpait | do imluad ar m'ési, LU 8506 (FB).

(e) act of agitating, harassing (used esp. of demoniac influence or possession); agitation of mind, anxiety: inn i.¤ gl. [mentis] agitationem, Ml. 90d15 . dunt i.¤ gl. ad agitationem [mentis], 15a17 . ni ar laiget a chumachtu ro-fhodamair Ísu do diabul a i.¤ sund, PH 4816. ro-saerad ... in duine o'n demun boi oc a i.¤ fri híl-bliadnu, 1988 . mar da badar ar an imluag sin adchondcadar chucu dream do ridirib while they were thus perplexed, YBL 146b17 . fri hilchaingni fri i.¤ , SR 4542. secht mblíadna dó bochta búan | ocus gorta cona imlúad, 6850 . ar ní bí sním na immluad na imradud inar menmannaib, Alex. 876.

(f) act of bringing into action, effecting, exercising; action, performance: cenco tic de i.¤ a fhlaithiusa ar a arsaidecht `exercise his dominion,' CCath. 590. do foillsighedh dosam tre i.¤ adharta (MS. imluag agharta) `by means of ritual' ? Ériu viii 18.18 . erridecht ar armaib ┐ i.¤ (MS. imluag) ar airdclesaib dexterity ?, Ériu viii 8.2 . ic imluadh a ngnim ngaisccidh isin cath, CCath. 5878. co na fedad i.¤ n-imtheachta `he was unable to effect a movement,' TTebe 3277 . rofeatarsa nach do gnim gaisgedh ná d'imluadh echta ... thangais, MR 284.19 . gach aidmibh ergaile ba gnath etir Eirennchoib d'iomluadh i ngurt gaisccidh, AFM vi 2234.18 . ? Here: fer foloing einech gresa cin i.¤ fine `without the action of the family,' Laws iv 350.25 . (cf. cen adhall fine, ib. 1 Comm. .)

(g) act of putting forward (a proposition), advancing (a proposal); a proposal, a proposition: cia d'echlachaib hErenn sin do i.¤ (tic dimluad, St.) athisc ┐ irlabra frim-sa, TBC-LL¹ 1720. luid techt co n-ascadaib húad | o Iacob, cain int imlúad, SR 3054. doriachtatar ri fessaib ┐ ri fáitib, ri imluatib ┐ ri epistilib, TTr. 150. doronnad i.¤ sida etarru ┐ Manannan, RC xxiv 276 § 11. tancamar ra hi.¤ n-athisc dait, CRR 28.1 . cred adhbar bhar n-iomluaidhsi uaidhe, eidir ?, ITS v 46.23 . iomluadh siodha etir na hiarladhaibh sin ... fri Gaoidhelaibh Leithe Cuinn, AFM vi 2044.15 .

(h) act of telling, discussing, mentioning, praising; praise: ni chreiti[s]-sium físi na hamra na haislingi and, mina bedis persanda uaisli aca imluad `spreading it about,' TTebe 62 3. na scaram frit na ret' luag | cén bes anim coar n-i.¤ , LL 375a39 . Fiachu Labraind, línib slúag | os cech arm-raind co n-imluad `extolled beyond every armed squadron,' Metr. Dinds. iii 460.6 . oclach thainic co hAed ruad | mad ail do neoch a i.¤ `if any care to hear tell of him,' iv 6.6 . nímthá sáethar re imlúag (v.l. himluadh) `I have no trouble in telling it,' Ériu iv 158.15 . da adhmoladh ┐ d'imluagh gacha feassa gu frichnamach, BB 31a20 . imarbaidh einigh ... d' imradh ocus d'imluadh ocus d'adhmholadh, MR 94.20 . ga háoinfhiodh bog bláthmar búan | ag ughdaraibh dá iomlúadh, IGT Introd. 5 § 10. nach biadh a éag re iomluadh, Content. v § 164 . dá gcuirinn síos annso ... go mbiadh eachtra adhbhal ré a hiomluadh orra, Keat. ii 3412. an turas céadna do-chuaidh | san bhFraingc fa fochainn iomluaidh, Aithd. D. 36 § 21.

1 saine

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 saine or dil.ie/36013
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: sone

n (1 sain) , f. ?, cf. however: s.¤ n-ádnocuil, PH 666 . Similarly Fen. 234.19 - 20 , TTebe 2323 . in s.¤ , Trip. clxxxviii 14 . sone, ITS xxxix 146 § 262 .

(a) difference, diversity : s.¤ .i. nemhionannas, Geneal. Tracts i 21.4 . ? soine bec etarru ┐ in fer na dhiaid, LB 232b22 . cosmailius doib fri P. acht s.¤ do reir aignid eturu, BB 427a41 . ní frith . . . a bec do shoine iter na scríbennaib, LB 227a13 . With gen. = difference in respect of: tri huathnedha cu saíne ndatha, RC x 185.24 . s.¤ datha .i. atharrach datha, Lec. Gl. 283 . co saine étaig cacha datha umpu, Acall. 3423 . columhain . . . cu s.¤ gacha gresa fair variety of ornamental work, Marco P. 17 . i s.¤ fhuatha n-anmann . . . itir coin ┐ cethra ┐ bu olchena, Stair Erc. 82 . focerd Midhir bricht soine crotha for A. a spell which changed his form, ZCP xiii 175.2 . cid ro im[f]ulaing s.¤ do deilbi?, xii 371.34 (said to one who is of different colour on different sides). re tecmaisin sain claindi re s.¤ n-athar, Laws iii 400.2 . tri s.¤ feirgi, 348.y . s.¤ urnadma difference of contract, 400.2 . s.¤ fer dorinne in marbadh ┐ in dichendad and ┐ s.¤ fecht dorindedh hé different men . . . at different times, O'D. 1614 ( H 5.15, 13b ). mas iar s.¤ fecht dorinne duine in acra . . . ┐ an derbforgell, O'Curry 2495 ( Eg. 88, 40c ). ro hir dam . . . .x. saine cernd (.i. coscrach nó búadhach) claidhem ten varieties (?), Ériu ii 3.12 . do gemaibh glainidi ┐ do saíníbh cloch n-íngantach, D IV 2, 57ra17 . Folld. by FRI: dorala s.¤ aibe for erlabra lochta na G. fri haitrebtachaib I., PH 3191 . ar sh.¤ fri hernaigthi na mbrécaire in distinction from, contrast to, 7999 . ba s.¤ modh leis ┐ lasna hardflaithiusaibh romhaind was different in manner from, CCath. 45 . Note also co s.¤ `secretly', Metr. Dinds. iv 340.1 .

(b) hence distinction, excellence (cf. sainemail): ? mor sét sétach, slán s.¤ , SR 507 . selb-gním s.¤ `a precious possession', Metr. Dinds. iii 66.15 . eó co sorthaib co s.¤ , 144.3 . ar do sháne (shaine, v.l.), ar do shaire `by thy nobleness', Ir. Lit. 10.22 . ba sóer-ben slúaig co s.¤ `a noble woman chosen from the host', Metr. Dinds. iii 240.9 . do sh.¤ gacha bidh, Marco P. 79 . airer cech bīdh ┐ saine cacha lenda every excellent drink, ZCP xi 61.14 . soni ngrada `a partiality of love', TTebe 2323 . Perh. also: coir n-imagallma ┐ so[i]ne comraidh, Stair Erc. 321 . ralabair o soine gotha moir, TTebe 4185 .

(c) in phr. iar s.¤ : atberat sund iar s.¤ `variously', Metr. Dinds. iii 262.45 . ba sīat a samla īar s.¤ | būada Banba barrglaine, ZCP xiv 43 § 4 , `severally', Metr. Dinds. iv 336.15 . Both of these exx., however, may contain saine, a by-form of sin (q.v.), see Met. Dinds. Gloss. and Wortk. 228 .

? ba s.¤ samalta lem re lai morchuraigh . . . indtech na laidhedh moiri ro ḟuil leis, ZCP viii 550.3 = TBC-LL¹ p. 235 n. 7 .