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airchinnech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airchinnech or dil.ie/1719
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: oirchinneach

n o, m. (airchinn?). oirchinneach m. IGT Decl. § 22 . head, leader, superior: is hé as a.¤ inna n-uile gl. Deus, Wb. 4c3 . ropsa a.¤ isin dán sin, 18c15 . nípsí bes a.¤ gl. neque dominari, 28b14 . óin di airchinchib assiæ insin `he is one of the leaders of A.', 7b11 . corrup hæ bes oena.¤ gl. primatum tenens, 26d2 . airchinneach .i. archendach, arcos graece, excelsus latine a.¤ er-cend-óg, ūasal-cend-comlān, Corm. Y 65 . Of a pope: is é . . . airchindech ro bae hi Roim . . . Célestinus, Trip.² 288 . do airchindeach an tighe, RC ix 468.8 . inghen airchinnigh in mhuilinn, Lism. L. 4169 . do airchinnchib na sacart gl. principibus sacerdotum, Rawl. B. 512 fo. 72a (Plummer MS. notes). comtís airchindich oc tinól cech ráeta, TTr.² 310 . in mir ata on aircinniuch don caisleoir, Laws ii 232.12 Comm. airchinnig etrócair, LU 2176 . Satan airchindech iffirn ┐ taisech in báis, PH 3818 . mo chorp . . . atá oirchinneach olc ann, Dán Dé xxix 4 .

Name of a monastic office, anglicised erenagh . See Kenney, Sources for the Early Hist. of Ireland i p. 12 n. 17 . Administrator (of ecclesiastical land, monastic estate) Ríocht na Midhe viii 9-10 , Peritia iii 259 . Later a purely lay office, see Reeves Ad. p. 364 . cech airchindech fritái in lessa doboing .i. bís ind-agaid in ordaigthi sea nō ac nach bí ind eclas hé 'each erenach who opposes the dues he levies,(?) that is, who is against this ordinance or to whom the church does not belong' Ériu i 219 § 7 . a.¤ Cille moire Enir do sharugud ┐ D. a seccnap do ghuin, AU i 310.1 . Scothine a.¤ Dairmaighi `erenagh of Durrow', 466.x. Colla a.¤ Innsi Cathaigh, 502.12 . M. fosairchinnech aird Macha `vice-herenagh', 576.3 . a réir in apad . . . .i. in airchinnig, O'Dav. 154 . epscop ardd ná airchendach, Trip.² 2531 . ceall a mbi airchindech laich cen cairiuga[d] do abuid, Laws v 118.4 .i. ceall a mbi a.¤ tuatha . . . cin . . . cursachad don ap bis uasa, 122.10 Comm. ite cealla ind-so o nach acrait airchindig a leasa, 118.10 . nocho dlegar do na gradaib acalsa mna do bheith aco no . . . dligid in t-airchindech uair is grad uird acalsa he, 122.8 Comm. is cuma no do gaib aire fri aithech ┐ aircindech fri bachlach, iv 68.5 . a.¤ (first of seven officers in a monastic settlement), ZCP v 499 § 3 . G. . . . orchindech Oli Finn ┐ G. . . . a setid pusta, Ann. Conn. 1314.6 . Diarmait mac orchindig Ola Finn, 1471.19 . in airchindech . . . má mnái . . . in luchtaire, MacCongl. 39.13 . na epscoip na hairchinnig / ┐ na filid imda, LL 6349 . ceat olca na hairchinnigh / it maithe na hērlamha (a proverbial saying, cf. Ériu iv 40 n. ). cid buidech di int a.¤ / nocha buidech int érlum, v 24.3 . bid sūairc la rígu ┐ airchindchiu he will be on pleasant terms with kings and erenaghs, ZCP x 225 § 1 . tūatha Temrach Truimm airchinnig na cell, KMMisc. 260 § 3 ( LL 18821 ). conna coistifet ind airchinnig fria manchu ┐ a mmuntera, RC xxvi 42 § 222 . for oirchinneachuibh no for aittreabthachaibh na hecclaisi, BNnÉ 248 § 201 . oircin- each cluig duib Patraic `keeper of the black bell', Iar Conn. 370 z . a.¤ tighe aoidhedh Cluana mic Nóis i.e. head of the monastic hospice, AFM ii 822.4 . ban-a.¤ female erenagh , see ben compds.

1 ál

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ál or dil.ie/2855

 

n o brood, litter, clutch: o muic da hal .i. da bliadain, Laws ii 246.22 Comm. muc ... masa ní da hal (.i. da rinnib tra) is easbadach uirre ... trian ar scath a hail ┐ ina broinn ro milledh in tal sin, iii 372.19 Comm. cu ... mas é al na bliadhna is esbadhach air, 378.20 Comm. cerc ... trian ar scath a hail, 380.1 Comm. grithugud áil aenmuice, Acall. 6735 . cerce trí ndoth no trí n-al, O'Dav. 1375 . edprait in muic cona hal, Aen. 1828 . Fig. ní bhí á.¤ gan uachtarán, Studies 1924, 243 § 15 . fri sráb ndomuin bad ḟethmech, / fri á.¤ ndomuin bad chathmar(?) (caithmech v.l.) `the brood of the world', Ériu iii 96 § 8 . ? ind eclas cona gradaib / ... / airbrib alaib uas cech maig / ardib anaib ordaigid, SR 4927 (cf. áil?). Meaning doubtful in: Ri c[ria]thras usce n-an .. / for iathmass na n-al nollmuad, SR 42 . Note also: a.¤ .i. oileamhain, O'Cl.

Compd. ¤-glan: bratan alglan, LL 18247 = algan, LU 4314 .

1 anamain

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 anamain or dil.ie/3345
Last Revised: 2013

 

n f. Name of a class of metre proper to an ollam. Connected with anaid (in sense breathes ) and ainimm and perh. orig. in sense of psychic inspiration , Watkins, Celtica vi 217 but see ZCP xxxi 146 , Ériu xlviii 47 . The a.¤ had two divisions, a.¤ becc and a.¤ mór, also called a.¤ ceithireich, which was sub-divided into four `ré's. See also IT iii pp. 164-68 . Variously explained by native glossators: emon airchitel, ar it cosmaili a dā lethcomarc unde a.¤ dicitur .i. nī emon acht is ceat[h]arreig, O'Mulc. 391 . Corm. Y 574 . a.¤ .i. ainm airc[h]etail .i. án a somaoin ar mét a lóig[e] ┐ a grāid, ar is dán olloman, unde dicitur: `inloing ollam a.¤', Corm. Y 39 (cf. O'Dav. 1072 ) = inellaig ollam anamuin, O'Mulc. 537 . a.¤ (.i. anṡomain .i. somain án .i. airdairc ┐ is ind immund tis atá ind a.¤) eter da nin inso .i. nin i tossuch in moltai ┐ nin ina deriud, LU 400 ( ACC, RC xx 146.3 ). a.¤ an somain `glorious profit', Auraic. 1581 . baird . . . cid i ndeocraigetar? . . . i ndanaib ┐ gradaib ┐ anmandnuib (┐ aistibh no anamnaibh v.l.), IT iii 5.7 . a.¤ bec indso, 60 § 120 . ind a.¤ mór . . . cethrí re inti-sside .i. nath anair, laíd ┐ emain. Itt e sein tra cetrí re na hanamna, 59 § 114 . a.¤ ceatarach annso . . . cethireich .i. ceithri reich ann ┐ it e annso a nanmand .i. nath, anair, laidh ┐ eamain, 96 § 152 . in t-ollam filead . . . a.¤ cainceitiriac a aisde go n-a ceithir reib ogaib eilligter innti [i.] nath ┐ anair, laid ┐ eamain, Laws v 58.6 Comm. is hi foglaim na .xi. bliadna .i. .l. anamain (anaman v.l.) mór ┐ .l. a.¤ becc (of an ollam), IT iii 59 § 113 . is i so . . . in anamhain fodhen, 97 § 157 . .x. mba ┐ samaisc ar corp na hanamnach boden, Laws v 58.8 Comm. incipít dona hanamhnaibh, IT iii 96 . iarcomarc na hanamna inso sís, 60 § 119 . teora uama ollaman xii raind na filidechta ┐ na ceithri srotha déc . . . ┐ anamna ollaman, 59 § 112 . a.¤ irdairc / uasal in slonnod / nisdenand duine / uile acht ollom, 106 § 25 . carpat cumaili cach aeda anumna, 50 § 93 . Laws v 70.3 Comm. co feser cia halt aircetail bera fri sechta .i. i[n] nath, inn anair, inn a.¤ etc., Auraic. 828 , 1578 , 4654 .

Associated with names of magical formulae (but see Ériu xlviii 47 ): ceithri srotha déc [na filidechta] ínso sís .i. . . . immas ┐ dichetal, a.¤ ┐ brethugud ┐ tenmlaida, etc., IT iii 58.1 ., LL 3898 . nath ┐ dicetal ┐ Bretha Nemedh ┐ a.¤ , Laws v 28 n.5 . dicedul do cenduib, cedul nanomuin, O'D. 2207 (Nero A vii, f. 143b). ailghes ┐ a.¤ ┐ glaimh dicend, 2319 ( Rawl. B 506, 33b3 ).

ánrad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ánrad or dil.ie/3757
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: anrada, anrai, ánradh, ánrath

n o, m. Note also g s. anrada, Laws v 112.28 Comm. and perh. n p. anrai, Celt. Rev. iv 206.13 . ánradh, ánrath m., IGT Decl. § 11 .

(a) poet of the second order, next in rank to an ollam (see Bürgschaft 14 ): ānrud nomen secundi gradus poetarum .i. srut[h] án in chāinmolta ūad ┐ sruth ina mmōine chuige tar a n-ēisi, Corm. Y 40 . anruth .i. sruth cain molta uadh ┐ sruth indbais do, Laws iv 358.21 Comm. rigbard ┐ anruth bairdne, IT iii 5.9 . seacht ngradha filedh: ollamh, anradh . . ., 112.14 . secht ngraid file .i. éces, ansruth, cli . . ., Laws iv 356.28 . anruth . . . ar cetharda asberar .i. ar aíne a forcedail etc., 4 Comm. fichi set do anrud ┐ biathad da fear dec, ┐ turtugud cuig la dec, v 68.17 . .xxx. i cléir cac olloman ┐ a xu. i cléir cach anraid., LU 302 . ní h-ármiter na fosceóil sin acht do chethri grádaib tantum .i. ollam ┐ anrath ┐ cli ┐ cano, LL 189b51 . adbretha anraidh, IT iii 31.20 . craeb airgdide uaso, uair issed no bíd uasna hanrothaib. Craeb óir . . . uasna ollamnaib, RC xxvi 10.z . do scoil ollaimh nó ánraith (:dánboith), IGT Decl. ex. 354 . Compd. ? ¤-bard: anruth bairdne (anradhbhard v.l.), IT iii 5 § 2 .

Of other professions: umaide ┐ cerda ┐ lega . . . nochanuil ni dia nansrothaib, O'Curry 323 ( H 3.18, 178a ) = da tanaisdibh, Laws v 94.y Comm. in tollam cruitiri ┐ timpanaidh ceithre bai a neineclann cechtarde dib ni fil ni dia nansrothaib acht screpall, O'Curry 324 (ib. 178b ).

(b) Name of noble next in rank to king (see Bürgschaft loc. cit.): cadeat tra imdegla fechemon ar nadmaim . . . ? Ata triar dod-n-eim la Féniu . . . .i. ansruth ┐ daul (= dál) ┐ a[e]nach. is é ansruth imid-ndich .i. ansruth a athir ┐ a tsenathir ┐ ansruth fadesin. ar ní ansruth cert oinfer hi si[n] the kind of a.¤ who protects him is one whose father and grandfather were a.¤ 's and who is himself an a.¤ , for a single man (one generation) is not a sufficient a.¤ for this purpose, Bürgschaft 13 § 45 . ansruth .i. fer imdith a mennut ┐ a crich an a.¤ is a person who defends his home and the territory of his people, Laws iv 348.20 Comm. ( Bürgschaft 14 ). anruth .i. ardnaiscidh, ni nascar fair, amail ro gab rig erenn, 358.19 Comm. (he binds but is not bound as is the case with the king of the Érainn, Thurn. Bürgschaft 14 ). airi fine [idna, ansruth], dae, 344.3 .

(c) hero, warrior, champion: bress Elggae, anblod ānruth, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 22 § 2 . anblod, anreth (.i. anruth), § 3. duthain cach ānroth, ACL iii 229.z . archu anrath (leg. ánruith), CIH iv 1390.24 . arcu ánrada, 1522.25 . ac marbad in arcon anraith, i 320.17 ( EIF 116 ). inanchinged .i. inanroith (g s.), Fél.² xlv gl. 25 . Ailech ágmar rogab ānrath airech Eōgan, Arch. Hib. ii 48 § 1 . la ánrathu, LL 31033 ( TTr. 214 ). eter erredaib ┐ ánrathaib, LU 10281 . ní rega . . . condit roib cáemtecht di ánrodaib Ulad, 4863 = ānrothaib, TBC-I¹ 375 ( TBC-LL¹ 879 ). re hucht na n-ánrath, Studies 1921, 419 § 12 . óig ┐ anraidh na h-Easpáine, ML 44.6 . damhsaibh ┐ danradhaibh, AFM vi 1876.13 . co ndruing do anradaibh ┐ maithibh oile amaille fris, ii 1026.10 . As n.pr. Ánruth Mór macc Amairgin, CRR 46 § 40 . See Jn. Celt. Stud. i 130 - 131 .

1 ar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ar or dil.ie/3902

 

Forms: ar, air, er, eir, air, er, ar, arin,, airind, air, airnaib, armo, aire, aratobarr, arandéntar, arambiat, ara, armbad, ara, arindepur, aridlabrathar, arna, áirium, erum, erumm, erom, erut, ærut, airiut, airut, airiut, aurut, airiu, airi, airi, erre, airri, airre, airthe, erunn, erund, erond, airiund, airriun, airund, airib, airibsi, airiubsi, airiuibsi, eruibsi, erru, erriu, erro, airriu, airiu, erthu, airthiu, airtho, airib, airaib, or(u)m, or(u)t, air, uirre, orainn, oirinn, oraib, orru, orrtha

prep., leniting, with accus. and dat. See GOI § 823 , Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 150 , Frazer, ZCP viii 5 , Williams, Celtica ii 305 ; IGT Introd. § 130 .

Usually spelt ar. air, Ml. 51c2 , 2d2 ; er, 122a16 , BB 449a10 ; eir, Ériu iv 180 § 39 . The spellings air, er, etc. (more freq. in later lang.) and the modern pronunciation show that O. Ir. ar as simple prep.was replaced by a conflation of airi and fo(i)r (3 s. n. of 1 ar and 1 for).

In Mid. Ir. 1 for and 1 íar are frequently spelt ar. See III, IV below and the articles on these words.

With article arin, -int, -a, etc. Note also airind, Ml. 31b17 , air ind, 53a15 . arndi (= arindí), Ériu vii 138.4 . airnaib, Ml. 110d9 .

With poss. armo (m'), -do (t'), -a, -ar, -far (-bar) etc. Note also ar mh'éigse, Content. ix 26 . aire slicht, L. Chl. S. 2 .

With rel. part. ara: aratobarr, Wb. 12d29 . arandéntar, 2a10 . cid arambiat , Ml. 56b9 . ara n-eperr, Críth G. 1 . With copula: cid armbad , Wb. 11a19 . cidar impotabis, Ml. 56a13 . cid arnabu son, ib. ardott áigthe, LU 5656 = arṅdotāigi, TBC-I¹ 1178 (taking áigthi as vbl. of necess.). ara trēn, ACL iii 239 § 32 . ara n-amra, ZCP vii 312 § 26 . Before inf. pron. arindepur, Wb. 5a31 . aridlabrathar, 7d2 . With neg. arna airecht, Sg. 198b3 . arnach faca, ZCP xiii 169.13 .

With pron. suff. Early forms. 1 s. áirium, Wb. 7a12 . erum, LL 286a25 . erumm, PH 1397 . erom, 1503 . 2 s. erut, Wb. 27d19 , 29d7 , YBL 326b42 , PH 6565 . ærut, Ml. 2d8 . airiut, Blathm. 569 , LL 289b30 . airut, LU 8086 . GOI § 437 also gives airiut, aurut without reff. as `old forms which occur only in later sources' ( p. 272 ). 3 s. m. and n. GOI § 437 gives airiu as the dat. form (cf. airiu, O'Dav. 22 ?), airi as the accus. airi is the usual form passim in the early language. Cf. áiri, Wb. 11b21 . f. (accus. and dat. not distinguished) erre, Irish Texts i 3 § 8 (sic MS. See Ir. Hist. Stud. i 347 ). airri, SR 405 (emended to airre, GOI § 437 ). airthe, LL 286a7 . 1 pl. erunn, Wb. 15d13 , Ériu ii 124 § 65 . erund, LU 597 . erond, 588 . airiund, TBC-I¹ 170 . airriun, ZCP xi 110 § 26 . airund, LU 593 . 2 pl. airib, Wb. 20a3 , 22d25 , 27c19 , Metr. Dinds. iv 232.33 . airibsi, Wb. 14d25 , a33 , 16a26 . airiubsi, 15c1 , 17a5 . airiuibsi, 16c23 . eruibsi, 27d7 . Ml. 2a11 . 3 pl. acc. erru, Wb. 4d20 , 11a29 ; ZCP ii 315.26 . erriu, Wb. 9c8 , 11a20 . erro, LL 289b30 . airriu, Wb. 15a23 , 21d11 , O'Dav. 985 . airiu, Wb. 11d11 , Laws iv 176.7 . erthu, LL 280a1 . RC viii 154 § 5 . airthiu, LU 4915 . ZCP viii 310.22 . airtho, TBC-I¹ 409 . dat. airib, Laws iv 162.2 . airaib, 114.21 Comm.

In later lang. all pronominal forms influenced by those of for, giving or(u)m, or(u)t, air, uirre (uirthe), orainn (oirn. oirinn, O'Gr. Cat. 556.25 ), oraib ( oirb, BColm. 100.3 ), orru (orra, orrtha), etc.

The presumed distinction between ar with accus. when motion is implied and with dat. when no motion is implied ( Zeuss 622 ; with reservations Vendryes Gramm. § 283 ; see also Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 73 - 74 , Williams loc. cit.) appears most clearly in the stereotyped phrases ar chenn towards, ar chiunn ahead of, before (see 1 cenn): ar beolu towards, ar bélaib before, in front of (see bél). The dat. is usual in ar cach láu daily (see ) and in ar thosuch ( Sg. 203a7 , see tosach). Usage is less clear outside fixed phrases, and that of the various collections of O. Ir. glosses differs (the available material is also much reduced by the frequent identity of form of a s. and d s. of nouns). The accus. is regular in Wb. in senses of taking away from and counting as , and also in glosses on Lat. ob, the dat. where the meaning is with regard to, instead of and in glosses on Lat. super. Both cases are found where the meaning is for the sake of, because of . In Ml. accus. is constant only in set phrases. The dat. is usual in meaning counts as , do-beir ar (for?) calls and in glosses on Lat. dat. without preposition (ar gentib gl. gentibus, 78a12 , 89c2 ) and where a Lat. compd. noun is treated as two words (arintinmlegun gl. promulgatione, 71c18 ). In general use the meanings saving from, instead of, in meaning of, in return for, on account of, because of, for the sake of, for the purpose of are all found both with accus. and dat. In Sg. the meanings instead of and on account of are found with both cases. See also IGT Introd. § 130 , Bard. Synt. Tr. 2 - 4 , 17 , 20 (where detailed rules are given for accus. and dat. both with simple ar and for compd. preps. such as ar aghaidh, etc.).

I

(a) Much less freq. in concrete or physical meanings than in more abstract ones. Perh. before, in front of in (case of follg. noun not certain): dá [n]dorus [n-]and, comla[e] ar ala n-aí, clíath ar alailiu (-e, MS.) `in front of' (Gloss.), Críth G. 100 . ar Tuatha Dé Danann `before the T.D.D.', Ériu xii 152 § 15 (TE). cethridoruis airri (recte airre) im-mach, SR 405 . ó beit fíanna fer nÉrenn ┐ Alban do Chonaire ar thig, BDD² 1416 . Cf. 1081 , 1400 , 1492 . ? airiu . . . iarmo in front of it . . . behind it(?), O'Dav. 22 . Cf. airber .i. frit anair bere .i. eter do dī lāim, ar is fort muin bere ere [n-]aile, Corm. Y 58 . Acc. to Binchy, SCano p. 33 , frequent in meaning east of, the only example cited being: acon loch ar Mag Aí `by the lake east of Mag Aí', Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 32 § 2 (`on'). Cf. Airbri .i. fri Bri Eli anair, O'Mulc. 70 = Dinds. 16 ( RC xv 308 ). ? a nAicill ar Temair, Anecd. i 17.1 . Cf. perh. Síd ar Femin, LU 7846 ( BDD 140 ), etc. (or for al?). Perh. orig. with concrete force also in: do té(i)t aitire ar ḟer feras in fuil, Críth G. 52 `goes surety for', Gloss. Concrete meaning is perh. also to be assumed in the phrases agaid ar (late, orig. for?), ar agaid, ar amus, ar beolu, ar bélaib, bél ar bél, ar chenn, ar chiunn, ar dorus, ar dreich, ar fed, ar gnúis, ar leth, ar medón, ar ṡúil, ar thosuch, ar thús, ar úairib. See under the nouns concerned. With more abstract force in ar aí, ar apu (see 3 aí, 1 apa). Here may also be included: doire acummisc arúir `of their being mixed with mould', Wb. 13d3 . úachtar ar lemlacht dó mixed with, Críth G. 63 . loim midc do chumasc ar usciu `to mix a sip of whey with water', Mon. Tall. 143.25 . ba fial ṅdō buith arnaib ōcaib, cēin dogēni calma among, TBC-I¹ 1266 = LU 5739 . ? tiucfa in mac cētna ar bar cloind, ZCP viii 563 § 27 (for?). Perh. for for in: ó fó-certa a ṡrúb ar géscoe against a branch, BDD² 349 (= ar gésce, 355 ). conadh ar x. míli cathrach do shiublaighdis techta Magnuis Cam . . . ō maduin co fescor `to ten thousand cities', Marco P. 96 .

Rarely of time. See ariu before .

(b) In the follg. exx. the meaning is also more or less concr., though the precise meaning of the prep.is obscure, and it would be possible to consider them as early exx. of the replacing of for by ar (see III, and fo-ceird III): arnarala for cubus áiri, Wb. 11b21 (see note). Cf. focheird mo menma airi `my mind is set on him', Ériu ii 92 § 2 . ón lá tarrla ar n-airi air, iv 220.27 . torala dia archeill do degnimu su `let God bring to mind thy good deeds', Ml. 43b15 . iscor lame ardodced buith ocairbiathad sainte gl. nam qui volunt divites f[i]eri, incidunt in temptationem, Wb. 29b18 . ? Cf. ni comarleiced (.i. nir cetaig) dó cor lamha aire (.i. dul do sacarbhaic) cin foghlaim, Trip.² 243 . mabeidní dirúnaib dothéi armenmuin indfir, Wb. 13a12 . Note also: arnaib réib ilib gl. et qui ascendit super omnes caelos, 22a8 .

(c) In compd. numerals (with dat., see Celtica ii 312 ): a n-óen ar fichit (fichet, MS) the twenty-one, Ml. 2d2 . cóic míli ochtmugat ar chét one hundred and eighty five thousand, 34b17 . a ocht deac ar chét, BCr. 32d2 . deichinbair ar dib fichtib ar trib cétaib, Trip.² 3104 . secht cathae ar chetharchait / ar secht cétaib is huilliu, ZCP viii 313.34 . cōicer ar ceithri fichtib, 219.29 . fer ar sheisir seven men, Celt. Rev. x 348.23 . fri re tri n-aidhche ar mís, RC xviii 162.32 . Note also: tāinic buiden mōr . . . dōig lim is ar trichaid cēt inti approximately(?), TBC-I¹ 3142 (text perh. faulty).

II In a wide variety of abstract meanings for the most part deriving independently from those given under I.

(a) for, for the sake of, on behalf of, etc. (often gl. Lat. pro) (with accus. and dat. See Celtica ii 309 ): cia dudrigni dia mór di maith erriu, Wb. 11a20 . innahí dorigeni Día ar maccu Israhel, 30 . mirabilia dorígeni Dia ar maccaib Israhel, 28 . massu arinbethid . . . dagníu, 13c11 . mor ní as dénti ní airriu, 15a23 (in sense of mod. déanaim rud ar I obey, see Thes. Suppl. 51 ). niarséuti . . . robcarsi tíamthe, 23d4 . ar erchru gl. pro defectu, Ml. 31a4 . dusrigeni dia erru amal robu thol doib, 54a34 . fri assaru ar maccu israhel gl. rerum gestarum (testimonio), 94d2 . ara bǽsaib som .i. ar denum a thule gl. pro suis ritibus laborantes, 87b20 . a ndorigēnai in rí / do ḟertaib ar ṡanct Brigti, Thes. ii 332.4 (Hy. v). or ar Bran nailither, 286.34 (inscr.). lānamain . . . nī fil etarscarad dōib acht ar Dia, Corm. Y 824 . léicfider cach bean do mnáib airiut thou wilt be preferred to all other women, BDD² 59 . ar ghaol for the sake of relationship, Studies 1918, 99 § 15 . dorindedh mainistreacha ┐ sepeil le ar anmain Gyi `for the soul of G.' ZCP vi 90.11 . See also under meince, 1 pairt. Freq. in sense of (praying) for, see airnigde, guide, guidid, oráit.

(b) for the sake of, by in adjurations and invocations: dilig dam . . . / ar Maire n-amra n-Ingin, SR 7820 . ar do chumachtae . . . tesaircc dam-sa mo chūrcha, BColm. 54.3 . ar do thrīnōiteacht, a Thrīnōit, ACL iii 241 § 2 . ar t'fhírinni riutsa, na furáil etc. by thy honour, CCath. 1659 . ar na deib rib, TTebe 4025 . síol Ádhaimh . . . / ar do thocht díobh slánaigh sinn, Dán Dé ix 22 .

(c) on account of, because of (with accus. and dat. Glossing Latin ob, pro, propter): ar ar comoicsi do bás on account of, Wb. 14b25 . aracethardese gl. quam ob causam, 31b24 . ob mirationem .i. airinn adamrugud, Ml. 61a15 . ar chosmaili ind fochuinn diaragbtha gl. causae uicinitate, 35b24 . ar ét im chrabud gl. pro zelo religionis, 36d24 . arna lithu gl. propter cultús diuini festa, 47b2 . arna pecthu immefolngat guasacht do anmin gl. propter animae pericula, 7 . cid arnaibhisiu .i. arnaib hi forodamarsa gl. ob ista, 58d13 . ní ar pianaib do thabairt forru `not on account of the infliction of punishments upon them', 114b7 . ara foirbthetu fadesin, Wb. 6c19 . tocombaig a ṡlán ara ḟornert because of, Críth G. 415 . ar ṡóethaib because of grievances, 581 . ar ilar a imarbus, ZCP viii 104.7 . Corco Bāiscind ar a nert / nī damaid cert d'Eoganacht, v 500.16 .

With a variety of nouns in more or less stereotyped phrases: ar na h-ádhbharaibh sin for those reasons, ML 58.11 . ar[a] airmitin som through respect for him, Ériu iv 30.23 . ar t'ḟuath, i 97.32 . ni diles ni doberar ar uathbas `nothing is lawful which is given out of terror', Laws iv 286.25 . See also under áis, cairde, 1 cúis, 1 écndairc, éicen, ecla, 1 gart, midlachas, miscais, omun, sant, serc, úacht, etc.

Common with abstr. nouns from adjj. in the construction: nīr fētatar a tōcbāil ar a truma because of her weight = because she was so heavy, Anecd. iii 9.8 . ar dúire a drochdelba, Ériu iv 102.16 . ar ḟebus na cuidechtae because the company was so excellent, BColm. 78.18 . ar a laechdacht, ZCP viii 318.12 . ar cumga in puill nír féd dul amach, Ériu v 49.7 . in senadh ic á adhradh ar a uaisle, CCath. 334 . ar ghoire do ghaoil, Dán Dé xi 11 . Without poss. or gen.: cona tisa . . . in dam tarais ar airdi (a fence), Laws iv 76.19 Comm.

Freq. in advv.and conjj. in O. Ir. glosses. 3 s. n. as adv. on account of it, therefore: fristemlighter cid ind aier airi, Ml. 73c2 . ni bad pronomen airi, Sg. 203b2 . isairi doroigu dia geinti hore . . . this is why . . . because, Wb. 5b12 . is airi inso rogabad som hi rige, Ml. 14a4 . cinid airi doberr desimrecht acht ar atrebthach nand, Sg. 35b13 . With article and i: arindi gl. eo, Sg. 190a4 . ni arindí . . . sed quia not because . . . but because, 5a4 . arindisin gl. ei, Ml. 54c6 . arndi furumai sár for cach toil, Ériu vii 138.3 . With se: ní nád ṁbed arse di chorp gl. ideo, Wb. 12a22 . arse gl. ob hoc, Ml. 18d15 , gl. qua re, 29d1 . isarse gl. quo circa, Enchir. Aug. 70b , 81b ( ZCP vii 480 , 484 ). airechas ceneóil airsiu (leg. airsin? edd. airriu, Ped. MS Index to Wb. glosses) ní airechas fidei, Wb. 1b12 . Later: air sin on account of that, CCath. 2350 . Note also: ar a smuaintighib do beith . . . a mbeat[h]aidh an tigerna so that his thoughts might be in, etc., BCC § 5 (cf. ara).

(d) instead of, in place of, as substitute for, in meaning of (meaning confined to O. Ir. glosses. With dat., occas. with accus.): arnab geintib huilib taken as referring to all the Gentiles gl. Iudeos et Grecos omnes, Wb. 2a15 . foirbthe ar anfoirbthu gl. decem milia, a perfect (number) for an imperfect, 9a10 . corda .i. arin duiniu huli lesom gl. a parte totum, Ml. 53a2 . todochide ar sechmadachtae n-anfoirbthe gl. commotatio . . . temporum `future for imperfect', 62a16 . arnaib bolcaib gl. pro uesicis, 99a4 . fogur cechtar de ar alaliu ┐ fogur na liter naile airriusom, Sg. 4a8 . ni roscríbad ar naill (leg. ar na aill, edd.), 6b3 . a ṡuidigud ar anmmaimm dílius, 27a1 .

Often with as-beir, do-beir etc.: dobeir inso arnab uilib cumactib gl. supra omnem principatum et potestatem et uirtutem et dominationem, Wb. 21a13 . epert innan (MS. inna) aisndisen arnaib gnimaib gl. dicit autem non quia talia locuti sunt Scribae . . . sed quia talia fecerint, Ml. 16d3 . a ndurigni duaid in gnim sin in tengad do airbirt ar gnimaib in choirp, 31b24 . intan asmbersom pes ┐ manus nochis arnaib gnimaib són dungniat som honaib ballaib hisin atbeirsom, 56b3 . tri suidigud dosom inna cluas arin chorp huiliu, 60b16 . arnaib fedaib sonartaib ardaib gl. pro terribilibus arbustís cedros possuit, 146a6 .

The idiom ad-rími ar counts as (with accus. and dat.) is prob. to be assigned to this section: ní ármisom ar chumactte, Wb. 6a1 . cenid ar chomsuidigthib adrímther inna fortórmach so, Sg. 202a5 . See ad-rími. With LA: petra les arin trediusa sís he takes petra as standing for, Ml. 60a7 . in loc lesom híc arnaib aitrebthidib gl. a loco habitatores intellegite, 144c3 .

(e) in return for, in exchange for, as price of, in payment for, as equivalent of (with accus.): airitiu lóge ar mo precept in return for, Wb. 10d31 . rotbīa a lōg airi you shall have a reward for it, TBC-I¹ 585 . is lá cach(a) tíre do-tét dlega(i)r aire `is due for it', Ériu xvii 70.4 . Freq. do-beir lóg etc. ar: ainm indlóge doberr domiledaib armílte, Wb. 3c1 . intan dobera Dia fochraicci ar degnimu, Ml. 90c14 . screpul doberar do gilli . . . ar comaitecht do neuch o pecad `a groat that is given to a lad for accompanying someone in a sin', Mon. Tall. 143.9 . nī tibur-so in tinnscra sin(ee) cid ar Meidb C. feissin I wouldn't give a brideprice like that for M. herself, ZCP iv 39.7 (cf. TBFr. 185 ). ní conrogab terochraic . . . ar forbrissiud fir truaig `reward for oppressing a wretched man', Ml. 36a32 . ni riat na dánu diadi ara n-indeb domunde sell for, Wb. 28c2 . ríthæ . . . ar ech ndonn, Thes. ii 240.1 (Ardm.). tale damsa a log ar epert do firinne lat, Ml. 36a32 . síodh Dhé 'gá ceannach ar chrodh being bought for herds, Dán Dé xxvii 33 . With vbs. of leaving, abandoning: ni dérsid for sóiri ar fognam, Wb. 20b10 . roleicc creitim ar in paganacht he left the faith for paganism, Anecd. iii 72.28 . as uime do trēig Temraigh / ar Chend Maghair, ZCP viii 108.19 . Denoting preference: ragaid duit aire . . . rígi hÉrend in preference to him, BColm. 68.18 . do mholfuinn fear an leithléighinn 'gá mbíadh beatha ghlan . . . arfhear láinléighinn 'gá mbíadh beatha némhthromdha, Mac Aingil 4782 .

(f) for the purpose of, in order to obtain (as far as the exx. serve with accus. in Wb. and dat. in Ml. The exx. from Wb. given here, however, could equally be referred to the preceding section): precept arbiad in order to obtain food, Wb. 10d13 . madarlóg pridchasa, 23 . is arnach nindocbáil móir fodaimim se inso, 23b12 . asberat isar indeb isdénti tol dǽ, 29b12 . arind etarimdibiu (arindetar imdibiu, MS.) gl. pro interfectione aduersariorum, Ml. 36b23 . ar chuindriug pectho gl. instrumentum est divinae iustitiae `for the correction of sin', 49b7 . gabthe dunad les fris arinoillus for protection, 55c1 . asberar ar thormuch pectha for the purpose of increasing sin(?), 76a5 . bliadain lán dano do M. [┐] a muindtir uli for usciu ┐ bargin ar tuaslucud anmae B. `to obtain the release of the soul of B.,' Mon. Tall. 133.29 . serc fochraici ara n-as[c]nam, piana do imchaisiu ara n-imgabail in order to avoid them, Ériu vii 138.28 . is rimsa . . . rohérbad ar eisnéis it is to me it was entrusted for relating, iv 144.21 . annsa lebur tuc sé dóib ar choimét a ndligid feín `for keeping', Maund. 61 . Also perh. in phrase ar olc fri, see olc (because of?).

(g) by virtue of, by means of, through (dat.): condenad fingail ar chuinged soinmige do gl. mercari peccato securitatem, Ml. 39a6 . ? ar gressaib gal / glenaid luch inna línsam `by feats of valour', Thes. ii 293.20 . ni ar lín óc brister cath, Ériu ix 47 § 18 . ar neart a n-engnama by dint of their prowess, ML² 286 . gaibsit tír and ar chlaideb by the sword, ZCP viii 313.21 .

(h) In general sense of in respect of, with regard to, in the matter of, relating to, etc. (appar. with dat.) (the ascription of some exx. to this section is tentative): desmrecht insin ar aimsir deirb that is an example of, Sg. 66b17 , cf. exemplum ara airiuc far diull tanaisiu, 106b20 , exemplum inso ara rangabalda asrubart, 39a5 . annsom hi taurgillib tairgille ar bechaib, Laws iv 162.1 . rucus tairgilli ar bechaib `für Bienen ist ein `tairgille' . . . zu stellen', ZCP xv 319 § 12 . ? isam ómun ar a aisnéis I am afraid to relate it, LU 5349 . is fon samla-sin . . /gníth . . . a cét-chumma / Temrach . . . / ar áibnius in beauty, Metr. Dinds. i 10.64 . fear feadhma deas ar gach ndān in every art, ZCP viii 562 § 16 . bean as ghloine ar ghníomharthaibh `purest in deeds', A. Ó Dálaigh xv 15 . issí eisimplair Crist . . . do lenfadís ar míne ┐ ar buaine, ar deirc ┐ ar trocaire, Maund. 123 . ro derscnaigh d'ógaibh a chomaoisi ar goil ┐ gaisccedh, Leb. Gab.(i) 200.7 . Also in phr. ar chuit, see cuit. For do-beir teist ar see teist. See airbág.

Common in phr. of type: teine . . . ar thes crabaidh (of a person) a fire . . . in heat of piety = a paragon of piety, Anecd. iii 5.19 . Muridach, ba muir ar crūa[i]s, ZCP viii 299.34 . deochain ar grādaib ┐ sacart ar ūaisle a deacon in rank and a priest in reputation, BColm. 82. 15 - 16 . ba laech ar gaisced, RC xxiv 184.4 . a éan choluim ar cheannsa, Dán Dé i 19 . mar lile ar lí, Dánta Gr. 30.14 .

(i) about (of stories, books, reading, etc. In late exx. only. Perh. orig. for in this meaning): iomda ar Lasair ferta amhra many wonderful miracles (are said to have been performed) by L., Ériu v 90.4 . is mebair linn . . . / in seanchus fil ar Mag Ráin the lore about M., iv 156.18 . Leabhar Oiris ┐ An[n]ála ar Cogthaibh . . . Éireann, i 78 . craoibsgaoileadh ar chath Cluana Tairbh description of the battle of C., 16 n. léighmid ar Alexander n-uaibhrech, etc., Mac Aingil 872 . léan ba sgéal ar fianaibh Fáil, Magauran 2790 . Cf. sgriobhthar ortha go . . ., Ó Héodhusa 68.16 .

(j) With verbs of depriving, stealing, hiding, lacking, etc. from (accus. and dat.): tri airchellad donaib sommaib a n-anae airnaib bochtaib, Ml. 90a11 . is amne asruluús airi, Wb. 17d16 . a manaig do béim ar Lommān, BColm. 84.16 . ní bēram-ne t'áthius ort we shall not take thy victory from thee, 74.22 . ni cumscaichthi cumachtae nairi gl. hoc potestatem literae motare non debuit, Sg. 6a5 . ni fil nach díchlith airi, Wb. 1a4 . tesbanat boíll aíriu, 11d11 . in dá ṡét tesbanat airi, Críth G. 130 . ní gette na brithemnachta becca erriu you would not snatch the petty judgements from them, Wb. 9c8 . nī gatar a forgall ar domun degmnā, Cáin Ad. 4 . a tellad errusom, Wb. 11a29 . dives cui (.i. isar) clam tollitur , Enchir. Aug. 76b ( ZCP vii 482.27 .)

(k) With verbs of protecting, saving from , defending against (accus. and dat.): ainsium Crīst ar cech nernbās, Thes. ii 352.4 (Hy. vi). Dīa dom chobair . . . / ar cech ṅgúasacht, 350.16 (ibid.). dia dítin ar in pecthach, Ml. 57c4 . dia diden . . . ar náimdib, Thes. ii 354.2 . airnaib imnedaib doneimni a dǽ, Ml. 110d9 . fri himdegail cuirp . . . ar demnaib, Thes. ii 354.4 . diar snádud . . . / ar gábud, 359.6 . for soirad ar senachrib, Ml. 33b21 . air ni bói numsoiradsa ar chumachtae ṅduini, 74b13 . Continuing a Latin construction: ar thes inna gréne són ┐ ara naimtib gl. quae etiam inumbraret eos et regeret, 97c4 . arnaib cumachtgaib gl. difensionem, 103c7 . arnaib hi sin gl. ut illis eripiat, 117b4 . defensionis . . . ar maccaib israhel, 124b10 . Note also: comad chādus ar cach ngúasacht that it might be a halidom against every danger, BColm. 96.10 . tucc dam a Dē mōir / . . . / ar pīanu na plāg / tonna dīana dēr, ACL iii 232 § 1 .

III In later lang. ar and for become a single preposition (often with surviving difference in follg. mutation, see the examples in Bard. Synt. Tr. p. 2 ff. ). The follg. are exx. of ar for earlier for. Of local relations (for I): imda gol gargc ar a brú many a fierce wail in its lap, BColm. 100.6 . ar saebchoire in a maelstrom, 94.12 . tarrúd úire ar airib / for leccaib ar láech-maigib, Metr. Dinds. iv 232.34 . seóit Cluana maic Nóis do foillsechadh ar Gallaib Luimnigh `were discovered with', RC xviii 53.12 . Of quasi-local relations, etc. (II). Of point of time (c): ar na tri soldomnaib `on the three chief feasts', Mon. Tall. 129.27 . ar notlaice ┐ caiscc ┐ cengciges, Ériu vii 150.30 . Of rule, sway, over (f): ba rī tenn ar Tūathmumain, ZCP viii 119.28 . flaithius ┐ forlamhus ar crichaib . . . na cruinne, CCath. 1 . In addition to (g): cotardda trá ar se mo chendsa ardo chend my head in addition to thine, RC iii 185.8 . credo ┐ pater . . . ar cech m-biait, xv 490 § 26 ( for cach mbiait, § 32 ). Affecting, afflicting, etc. (h): bíd oirb oman Dé do neim, BColm. 100.3 . trom orm a innisi, ZCP viii 200.25 . duaithnid ar dainib in domain incomprehensible to, Fen. 38. 16 . Subsisting on (j): ar geilt féoir feeding on grass, Ériu iv 156.12 . ar usci ┐ bairgin, RC xv 491 § 30 , cf. for usci ┐ bairgin, 490 § 26 . In a state or condition (k): na biad ar in mbreith sin `that she would not abide by that judgement', RC xxiv 196.1 . nírbo borg báeth ar bruidin it was not a foolish castle engaged in brawling, Metr. Dinds. i 32.46 . With vb. of motion: ge deach rī Conaill a ccēin / ar slūaiged rí Temhra tréin, ZCP viii 116.21 . To express the dativus incommodi (m): adbathadar uile thorad parrthais ar Adam `were forfeited by Adam', Laws iv 266.14 . adbathadar ar Aongus a thire, 15 . rogabsat tech air they stormed the house in which he was, BColm. 72.4 . ni cloifithir oirb bar cath, YBL 314b55 . Perh. also: ben clucc ar Cellach against, Cáin Ad. 18 . cogadh mór le Domnall . . . ar Brian, Ériu i 78.5 . In phrases (p): ar bith c[h]é on this earth, BColm. 100.3 . ar comairci C. under the protection of C., 86.28 . ar debaid in haste, LL 7493 . ar lár cháich in the midst of everybody, Ériu iv 222.28 . ar neam in heaven, Anecd. i 39.114 . ar ṡeilbh (sic leg.) éicsi, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919, v 92 § 9 . With verbs (III): dorad min aire `put meal over it', Mon. Tall. 147.11 . dobert trian forcridi . . . ar chuid cach lae `added one third of water to the daily allowance', 7 . do thabairt geinti ar ireis, ZCP iii 22.6 .

Note also: rostatlaig ar thenn-medón he clasped her by the sturdy waist, Ériu iv 104.8 . roghabh nathraigh mbí ar bolgán `by the belly', CCath. 4194 .

IV Replacing ÍAR. Of time (I): ar cath Ch. after the battle of C., ZCP viii 314.18 . arsin, Ériu iv 132.1 . is ar sein anid sí co arnabárach thereupon she remains till the morrow, ZCP viii 309.20 . ar n-ēirghi grēine at the rising of the sun, ML² 1333 . sóaidh co brónach dia taigh ar marbadh a maic, RC xviii 45.31 . ar tteacht ór tticch, ZCP viii 219 § 13 . do bātar ar n-a crēchtnugad, ML² 386 . ar ngabāil gīall for Mumain, ZCP viii 119.31 . Of place (II): arsin t[s]eit along the way, Mon. Tall. 153.20 . ar slige Póil is Petair in the track of Paul and Peter, Ériu v 24.24 . According to (III): suidfither gach aon duine . . . ar miadh ┐ ar dligedh ┐ ar a sognim[r]adh, RC xxviii 22 § 49 . ar a fidhair fen do cruthaigh Día é in His own image, BCC § 408 .

For use as conjunction see 2 ar, 1 ara.

bíathad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bíathad or dil.ie/5835

 

u, m. vn. of 1 bíathaid. act of feeding; maintaining: amal as toisc fri biathad na forcitlaide `to support the teachers', Wb. 31d17 . do biathad bocht, Thes. ii 334.14 . is becc an bolcg-sa . . . ┐ is doilig rí do bíathad de, BColm. 60.12 . basa brugaid bíata dám (rhet.) a hospitaller providing food for companies, Fing. R. 496. fer cech n-aidchi dia mbiathad . . . in fer toesech in biatta, Ériu iv 26.3 , 4 . é féin do bhiathadh do bhiadhaibh séimhe soineamhla, TSh. 561. ag biathadh na gcloch do bhíodh san teinidh orra plying the (cooking) stones with them (sc. pieces of meat), Keat. ii 5109. Fig. in sisma . . . do biathad itir na saorchlanna `to nourish this . . . schism', Caithr. Thoirdh. 9. 24 . is granna duit beth gom brath ┐ gom bíathadh `baiting or luring me' (Plummer MS. notes), BS 60.20 .

Legal: leth a chinad immurgu fair ar biathad ut est: [bera] fiachu leptha for nech biathas [bid]baid (of liability incurred for maintaining an outlaw), ZCP xv 360.23 (Caratnia 45 Comm.). biathad ┐ methad feeding (swineherds) and . . . fattening (pigs) (of work performed by woman or housewife, see Thurn., Stud. in E. Ir. Law 34 ), Laws ii 366.20 .

Feeding, refection, of the obligatory provision of food for the stranger and his `company' on a journey; the particular foodstuffs to be provided and number of accompanying persons entitled to maintenance depended on the status of the visitor , see Críth G. p. 76. (of the `ócaire') bíathad deise dó di as ┐ grús nó arbaimm; ní dlig imb, Críth G. 115. is a lín bíata bís lín for coí, 400 . (of servile debtors) na dlegait biathad acht bochtan, no urchaelan, no bairgen huasal laithe, cona handlonn, Laws i 106.1 . uair dlegar dona gradaib flatha biatha gin ímcomarc `the chieftain grades are bound to entertain without asking' (i.e. without questioning those who seek sanctuary), iv 263.6 .

Food-rent which a nobleman or landowner was entitled to from a tenant or base client in return for a fief , see Críth G. loc. cit. refection for the fief i.e. annual payment-in-kind (Thurneysen), ZCP xiv 336 ; refection as a legal due from tenants, subjects, etc. to the chief, the amount and periods being fixed by law or custom or agreement, Plummer MS. notes. See also Études Celt. xii 514. biathad airech, Laws i 122.11 .i. na ngrad flatha, do neoch is flath cetgiallna, ar aine . . . .i. o ceilib na n-airech `the food-tribute of a chieftain . . . it has a stay of one day', 126.24 - 25 Comm. b.¤ dá ráithi ó ríg Cruachan dó-som (of the king of Cashel on visitation to vassal states), Leb. Cert.² 34. císa . . . bésa ┐ biata ríg Temrach, 1469 . ní dlegar do Ūib Gusān . . . bīathad ríg Midi `to provision', BColm. 64.20 . biathadh aidedh tuaithi na duna, Laws iv 18.9 Comm. rotbía tír lind cen chís, cen biathad cen ṡlóged, Ériu iii 140.17 . a chuairt-sean ┐ a aimsear bhiadhta orra, Keat. iii 2636 . biadhadh bocht is nocht, Keat. Poems 1411.

b.¤ grinde, crinde baptismal refection (?): caite in ḟled deoda . . . biathad grinde (no c written over g-, MS.), glossed: biad cretme .i. bathais .i. log in baistithi, SM Facs. 47b17 ( Laws iii 18.18 ) = biathad crinne .i. logh na baisti in tan is im linn ┐ im biadh doberar, O'Dav. 504.

1 cana

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cana or dil.ie/8119
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: -o, chano, chanand, cana, -ach, can, canu

n m. n s. also -o. Inflection varies. Orig. appar. nt, see GOI 208 , Wortk. 231 (`nomen agentis auf -ont' from `canaid'). Later (?) also n and d. Uninflected throughout SCano (see xviii and cf. g s. in chano , LB 241a65 = chanand, 66 ). cana f., g s. -ach, IGT Decl. § 193 . Perh. (orig. ?) two distinct words in senses (a) and (b).

(a) cub, whelp : cano .i. cuilen mic tíre, O'Dav. 529 .i. is uada ata fotha canainde, F. c.¤ .i. cuilén, O'Cl. caitin, cailech, c.¤ , Laws v 472.30 .i. cuilen cen gnim, z Comm. ina comrith canannaib .i. an tan bis a comrith cum na cuilén, O'Curry 2511 ( Eg. 88, 42(43)a ). ? Cf. li dathpill / doss duilleach / dealbh canann, IT iii 96 § 153 . Transfd. of youthful warrior: maicne Echoch . . . / im Niall, im chanaid Cairne `including Niall, Cairenn's wolfwhelp', RC xxiv 184.z = chanaind, LL 19432 . díon ó gCuinn . . . / ar chanaidh fhuinn Teamhra tá (: cabhair) `whelp', Magauran 1418 . do chanaidh Mhuaidhe 1495 .

(b) poet of fourth grade (`Sänger', Heldensage 69 ): se gradha filed . . . .i. fochloc, macfuir[m]ed, doss, c.¤, clí, anradh, ollamh, IT iii 97.1 . cuairt retha canat (canait, v.l.), 31.18 taken as g s. Wortk. 231 . secht ngraid filed . . . cano, cli, anruth, ollum, Laws v 26.25 . Ériu xiii 32.11 . Laws iv 356.y . can, O'Mulc. 537 . canu, Laws ii 154.1 Comm. ard conn canad dicain emain . . . is ard in codnetu dono canuit, O'Dav. 1073 . c.¤ nomen graid filed .i. caintid, ar nī a[i]rchan cōrus a cherdae fīad rīghaib, Corm. Y 276 . sesca la cana (i.e. stories), Laws i 44.z . ni hārmiter na fosceóil acht do chethri grádaib . . . .i. ollam, anrath, cli ┐ cano, LL 24920 . in cano .i. cethra ba a eniclann, Laws v 66.17 Comm. seissiur du canait . . . / for cach feacht feili feithith, Auraic. 2239 . secht seoid do canaid, Laws v 66.1 . sē bā do c[h]lī . . . / a ceathair don c[h]āemc[h]anaid (: anait), ZCP ix 172.3 . glamh in chanad arin mnai, glamh in chli arín mac, IT iii 91.15 . dlighidh c.¤ cethrama gaoise, Ériu xiii 22.24 .

(c) chanter (Sages, Saints and Storytellers 27 § 13 ) ainm in chanand, ZCP iii 224 § 12 .

As n.pr.: ráith Chanand, Metr. Dinds. iv 156.143 . Scéla Cano, Anecd. i 1 ff. = SCano. grad C. is Créidi, LL 17155 . iugulatio Conamlo mic Canonn, AU i 154.3 . da coin Canann ciúil, Metr. Dinds. iii 122.41 . Cano Gall, CRR 8 .

Compd.: a ulcha gaill in dedbudanaig . . . canadgrecanaigh, IT iii 98 § 160 ; 'screaming like a whelp!' EIS 149 § 40 .

Cf. ca(u)nna.

2 clí

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 clí or dil.ie/9467

 

Forms: clíí, clia, clí, c.

n (? same wd. as 1 clí). g s. clíí (cliæ, v.l.), IT iii 31.19 . clia, O'D. 1217 ( H 2.15A, 85a ). d s. clí, Ériu xiii 32.23 . The third highest in rank of the `fili'-grades: secht ngraid filed . . . foclucc, mac fuirmid, doss, cano, cli, anruth, ollum. Laws v 26.25 . IT iii 97.1 . O'Mulc. 537 . Ériu xiii 31.11 . doeim dano in clī innī besidn-īsle, Corm. Y 275 . ochtmogat la cli, sesca la cana, etc. (i.e. eighty stories in the repertory of the c.¤ ), Laws i 44.z Comm. deich seoit do cli, ┐ biathad ochtair, v 66.25 . in cli, .u. ba a eniclann . . . anair a aisde . . . ochtar a lan-dam for fecht feli . . . , 68.10 Comm. cli .i. fo cosmailius na clethi bis isin tegdais sdaraigi, isi bundremar, barr-cael, 28.6 Comm. ni do cli col n-ergnae di anair āirme, O'Mulc. 537 . ní hármiter na fosceóilsin acht do chethri grádaib tantum .i. ollam ┐ anrath ┐ cli ┐ cano, LL 24920 . an tí aga tta ball don bhairdne .i. an c.¤ , Ériu xiii 52.27 . glamh in chanad ar in mnai, glamh in cli ar in mac, glamh in anradh for in fearunn, RC xii 121.1 .

2 coibled

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 coibled or dil.ie/10012

 

n o appar. activity, vigour, etc.: tria gradaib a choiblid chain, SR 5719 . ar chruth, ar chéil, ar choibliud, 6066 . cotomgabasa chéim cruth chéill congraimmim coibliud búada, LU 8324 ( FB 24 ). fri c.¤ fergním, 10267 . comled, Ériu viii 172.10 , cf. ZCP iii 235.2 . tria coblid (coblig, MS.) na canōine, RC xxxvii 351 § 9 . fa luth ┐ fá lánch.¤ , Acall. 7038 . Perh. also: gan uireasbhaidh . . . leime na lathair, na lan-chablaid, MR 318.23 (cobluth ?).

dán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dán or dil.ie/14559
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: dáno, dánu, dánou, dána, dáin, dána, dánai, dána, dánta, dánae, dána, dán, dánai, ndán, dán, dánae

n u, m. g s. dáno, dánu, dánou, dána; mod. also dáin. n du. dá dána , LL 99 a 29 . n pl. dánai, dána (both in Wb); mod. also dánta. g pl. dánae, dána and once dán (supported by the metre) SR 7212 . —Dim. dánán ( ZCP x 370 ), q.v.

I A gift, bestowal, endowment, present , translating Lat. donum, donatio and glossed by ascid, tindnacol, tidlaic, bronntanas. dán do thabairt (do thindnacul, do dáil, do ḟodáil) do to bestow upon. Dán in sense I is not found in the Laws; the legal terms for gift are tidnacol, 2 aiscid.

(a) in a material sense. dán .i. tidhnacul, Stowe Gl. 311 . dán airgid .i. maoin no aisgid airgid a gift of silver O'Cl. P. O'C. alali caillech dobert dán ṁbec disi hi rusc who gave her a little present (of fruit) in a basket Lism. L. 326. 14 , cf. Todd Lect. v 75. 7 . na draid tancatar do adrad Críst co ndánaib examla, PH 7113 . nothictis mic Israel co ndánaib ┐ dliged ┐ idpartaib don eclais sin in choimdhed, LB 122 a 24 . dánai na hecailse gifts given to the Church, its goods : airchinnig bíte ós inchaib martra nannaeb for dánaib ┐ dechmadaib na hecailsi, FA § 25 .

(b) in a spiritual sense.

(α) a gift from man to God, a spiritual offering; often in connection with idpart or dependent on adopair: na trí dána édbras ind eclais do Chríst .i. óige ┐ aithrigi ┐ lánamnus dligthech, PH 7082 . cura edpram dó na dána logmara sa .i. deigimrád ┐ deigbriathra ┐ deiggnim, ib. 7115 . co nérnend na dána trédai iris frescisciu ┐ déircc do Dia, ib. 7093 .

(β) a divine gift to man from God or the Holy Ghost, a Christian virtue looked upon as an emanation from the Holy Ghost , usually plural dánai. donationes secundum gratiam differentes: is sain dán cáich, Wb. 5 d 5 , 7 . sechiphé dán tra doberthar do neuch bad fri cumtach necolso immabera, ib. 13 a 3 (the same thought is expressed Wb. 22 a 11 : in aedificationem corporis Christi (i.e. the Church): is hed dothéit de tre ilar na ndáne). gratia habundans propter multos: mrechtrad inna ndáne tindnagtar do chách, ib. 15 c 2 . nítat ildáni do oenfiur et ní oen dán do sochuidi, ib. 21 a 16 . na decad in dán doradad dó fessin acht dán á cheli, ib. 23 c 16 . acht rocretea deacht Críst bit less ind huili dáni et na huili timne, ib. 27 b 15 . ni riat na dánu diadi aran indeb domunde, ib. 28 c 2 . fortgellam Dia dana (: slána) De we declare by God God's gifts SR 3611 . dán buidech briathar dimbrass a grateful gift is speech without boasting Ériu ii 63 st 3 . i coṅdiulg cech dána rothídnaic Dia do sruthib fetarlaice is dermáir in tidnacul tuc indiú dona hapstalu PH 5450 . in spirut noem inṡorchaidius ┐ ḟoillsigius dána ┐ derritus inna ṅgním ṅdiada, ib. 8082 ; cf. in spirut noeb ...roinṡorched dána ┐ derritiusa na ndliged ndiada don eclais, FA § 1 LB (which seems to correspond to the passage `arfuirid derritussa ┐ fochraice écsamla nimi dona bennachtnachaib' in the LU version). rodánaigthe a dánaib Dé tria secht fáthaib fáthsine, ZCP iii 21. 42 . duine co ndán ndligthech ṅDé, MacCarthy 40. 17 . dánai in spirto nóib the gifts of the Holy Ghost: doadbadar sunt ata nili dána in spirto et as nóindæ in spirut, Wb. 12 a 11 ( 1 Corinth. xii 11 ; cf. PH 5491 infra ). tairchella híc huili dánu in spirito, ib. 12 b 33 . tre thindnacul inna ndánæ in spirito do chách, ib. 21 c 2 . isé in spirut noeb sin ḟódlas a dhána dilsi do chách, PH 5491 ( 1 Corinth. xii 11 ). dána examla in spiruta noíb do thidnocul don eclais, ib. 5571 . They are seven: uair is secht ṅdána airegda airmither don spirut noem, ib. 8028 . hí figuir .vii. ṅdana spiritus sancti, Thes. ii 254. 9 . secht ndána in spiratu naoiṁ, O'Don. Suppl. 615 ( = secht tidluice i. s. n., 23 Q 1, p. 24 b 6 ). Their names are wisdom, intellect, counsel, vigour, knowledge, piety and fear of God: ecna intliucht comarle nert fis gaire gúr omon Fiadat for bith ché secht ndána Dé dún ZCP v 499 (stanza 4) .

(γ) in a special sense, a natural endowment, faculty, ability or talent, ingenium . fear creanus ... dliged ... dia tallaind tidnaic Dia do .i. isé Dia dotidnaic na dána sin do, Laws v 20. 13 , 25 .

II Skill in applying the principles of a special science; science; skill applied to the material or subject-matter of art; artistic faculty, art; especially the poetic faculty; the art of poetry . It translates Lat. ars. Synonyms elada, elatha, 1 fis, sous, airchetal. proficiebam in iudaismo, gl. ropsa airchinnech isin dán sin I have been a leader in that science Wb. 18 c 15 . is ecen do neuch fosisedar dán inna grammatic cotinola inna huili doilbthi, Thes. ii 6. 13 b 1 . badar liubair cacha dana issinn aracal irraibe Colum Cille books of every science Fél. 198 n 2 . ni bói dán aile innte acht legend ┐ scribend nammá quia ars ibi exceptis scriptoribus nulla habebatur Lat. Lives 92. 14 . Lochru ┐ Lucat Mael ithé...roptar auctair in dána sin inna sæbfáthsine inventores doni illius (sc. the druidical art), ib. 2. 6 . ocht ṅdalta do æs in dána druidechta na farrad, TBC-LL¹ 1071 . bar sciam ┐ bar ndán (v.l. náni) la Fiachra, RC xxiv 194. 10 . tria dan ┐ fisidecht a athar, ib. vi 178 l. 132 (v.l. from YBL). dénaid bhar ndána (i.e. music and dance)... Adubradar na mná nách dignidis dán go feastais a dtuarustol, Ériu iv 178. 16 , 18 . is dom sous matchous: a ndorigénai (sc. Brigit) do maith .i. is dom dán .i. is dom filidecht, Thes. ii 337. 21 . bretheam ...co ndán duis dfilidecht aigi a brehon with the skill of a `dos' in poetry Laws v. 92. 2 . aes cach dána núi cen inandus (sic leg.) na nastib, LL 197 a 9 ( Metr. Dinds. iii 180. 168 ). mac ind ḟiled cosin dán let the poet's son take to poetry ib. 148 a 11 . filid oldam anroth clí cano doss mac már...morsesser dian dan the seven who practise poetry ZCP v 499 st 7 (the bárd áine does not: ní fil dán lais, IT iii 5. 11 , 24. 10 . ní tuiremar dán lais, ib. iii 28 ). is oendán tegait .i. bairdne, IT iii 24. 18 , cf. ib. 6. 10 . i n(d)airib dána (sic leg.) in oakwoods of poetry ib. iii 106. 10 . dligid dan dúscad dligid fis foillsigud (sic YBL) MR 94. 16 . Gilla Aengussa O Cluman ollam Condacht re dán, RC xviii 165. 9 . beanuimsi fós (says Marvan to the sgeulees) a hucht mu dhia bar ndán díbh uili gan énrand do dhénumb ó so amach acht aenduan namá I deprive you all of your poetic faculty Oss. v 102. 18 . Ecna mac na trí ṅdea ṅdána, RC xxvi 30 , 139 . áes dána people of art ZCP x 370 , After Rome 34 , esp. poets (cf. IV): is annsin doeirgheadar aos dána an rígh do ghabháil a nduan ┐ a ndán do chách, Atlantis iv 198. 15 . re haes dána dénta duán, Acall. 587 . dá tí dano aes dána sin crích...corop siat a duana saṁ ┐ a dréchta gabtair ar tús i nEmain, TBC-LL¹ 1154 . oes dana Uladh im Fercertne sin, ib. 5466 . filid ┐ aes dána ┐ aes glamtha gruaidi, ib. p. 441 n. 1 . aos dána in ríg co rinnib, O'Mulc. 830 d . Also áes dán: file bard dúanaire áos dán, Eg. Gl. 350 . Cf. SR 7212 . fer dána (cf. IV)

a poet ZCP x 370 . a chlaidib ríg...fogéba duit thḟer dána tigerna do diṅgbála RC xx 12. st 19 .

atbertatar a chliar risin fer ṅdána...massed bar in file, &c. , Bor. § 132. 3 . Cú Condacht ó Dálaigh in fer dána is ḟerr dobai, RC xviii 157. 24 .

In a figurative sense in the phrases dán ecnai, d.¤ forbai, d.¤ laechdacht: maith dán egna ferr dán forba doiligh dán laech[d]acht...mairg dianad dán laech[d]acht, ZCP vi 261. 30 ; cf. LL 346 a 40 . dán ecna dogní ríg do bhocht the art of wisdom makes a king of a pauper LL 346 a 35 .—PERS.: Dán mac Osmenta Poetry, son of Scrutiny RC xxvi 30. 130 .

III A poem, song, verse, rhyme . dán an ode, poem, lay, song or ditty; hymn. gen. dáin or dána, P. O'C. adrad maicc dé dán búada, Thes. ii 349. 7 . baudar amra [a] dana, Laws i 22 , 28 . i nduais filed....i. logh ar admolad uair ni dlegar dib dan do chennoch, ib. v 129. 1 . érned ar cach ṅdán as dír ┐ is dliged do reicc, LL 215 a 22 . cid i ndeochraigetar (sc. na baird)...i ndánaib ┐ grádaib ┐ anmandnuibb in poems, grades and names IT iii 5. 5 ; 24. 7 . na soerbaird cid nosdeochraigethar i ngradaib. ní hansa asa ṅdánaib forberat, ib. 6. 2 ; 24. 11 . Cid nosdeachraigetar ┐ nosæntaighedar ina ndánaib, ib. 24. 17 . do ghabháil a nduan ┐ a ndán do chách, Atlantis iv 198. 16 . dia seichmis cech dia do dán, ZCP vi 266 st 8 . dá mbeirthea dán lat, ib viii 109. 26 . is fírdliged deit dan mic rigfiled Ruirend, MacCarthy 132 iii a . dagaiste in dána, IT iii 106. 2 . is iat sin ardaiste in dána, ib. 27 . reacfad feasda dán re dia, 23 D 13 , p. 25. 1 . Further examples Exodus xv 2 . Deuteronomy xxxi 19 . 2 Samuel xxii 1 . 1 Kings iv 32 . Job xxxv 10 . dán do chumtach to compose a poem: conutaing duine dán, H 3.18, 53 b . conrotacht dan duib, TBC-LL¹ 1707 Y. dánta diaghachta psalms Donlevy 454. 17 . i ndán in verse : aithghiorra an teagaisg chríosduighe a ndán, ib. v 7 ; cf. lii 18 ; 487. 2 . dán dírech the name of a metrical system used by the Irish: asé dochúm na duanta senchasa so i ndán díreach, AFM v 2320. 5 . dán d., Rel. Celt. ii 297 . 34 . O'Molloy 144 .

IV An industrial pursuit of a skilled nature; a craft, trade, business, office, calling, profession . Sometimes hardly distinguishable from II. Glossed by tidnaiced, Laws v 14. 23 , 26 , ib. 90. 26 ; translating Lat. professio, Sg. 33 a 25 , ars Todd Lect. v 92 , Sg. 156 b 4 , and often used synonymously with cerdd ( Laws i 14. 25 ; Thes. ii 293. 15 ; RC xxvi 21 ff .) and eladu ( Laws v 98 pass.). is ionann dán ┐ ceard, Keat. 666 . dán .i. ceárd, P. O'C. —dán do aittreb to hold or possess a profession (Sg). dán do aurfognom ( RC xii 78. 13 ), d.¤ do frithgnom ( Ml. 37 b 12 ; RC xii 76. 2 ), d.¤ do dénom ( Wb. 27 d 10 , Laws pass. ) to practise a profession. dánae do chongbáil ( Laws v 104 ; RC xii 78 ) to keep up or practise several professions (only pl. dánae). dán do ḟoglaim to learn a profession ( Ml. 37 b 12 ; Laws). dúlchinne or lóg in dáno ( Laws pass. ; ACL iii 227. 29 ) the pay of the profession.

The various dánae were divided into prímdánae (dagdánae) and fodánae (drochdána); compare Laws and LL 215 a 20 : lucht cech dána eter prímdán ┐ ḟodán. The latter class included according to Laws v 108. 20ff . the aes ciúil ┐ oirfidid oilchena monaig ┐ araid ┐ luamain ┐ comail ┐ daime ┐ creccoire ┐ cleasamnaig ┐ fuirseóire ┐ brugedóire ┐ fodána olcheana...nísta saíre cena foleith. While the aes ciúil thus are graded with jugglers and buffoons, an exception is made for the harpers, the cruittiri: cruit isé aendán ciúil indsein dliges saíre, ib. 106. 27 . All who practise a profession are daernemed-persons with the exception of the filid ( Laws v 14 ff ), because they serve saernemed-persons and receive payment from them. `Every profession has its nemed' (cach dán a nemed) and `Every profession has its emoluments' (cach dán a duilgine) says the Alphabet of Cuigne mac Emoin ( ACL iii 226. 14 ; 227. 29 ). Highest among the aes dáno rank the saír `carpenters,' gobainn `smiths,' umaidi `braziers,' cerdda `gold-smiths,' legi `doctors,' breithemain `brehons,' and druid `druids' ( Laws v 90. 19 ). Other professionals mentioned in the Laws are the ailtiri (probably a subdivision of saír), cairemain `shoemakers, leathern-bottle makers,' círmairi `combers,' geibich `cloth-figurers,' iascairi `fishermen,' nascairi `chain-makers,' rindaigi `engravers,' tornóiri `turners,' tuathait `shield-coverers,' v. Laws v 106 ff . To these may be added from other texts the senchaidi `historians,' the grammarians, the chess-players, the lucht cumachtai `folk of might' (including the corrguinig, tuathaig `sorcerers,' ammaiti `wizards'), the araid `charioteers,' selgairi `hunters,' deogbairi `cupbearers,' &c., cf. RC xii 76 ff . 88 ff . But farmers of land exercise no dán; in the Tecosca Cormaic LL 375 c 20 dán is used in opposition to orbae 'inherited property'.

The Laws make a distinction between dánae inunna the various branches or subdivisions of one and the same profession, and dánae écsamlai different professions, as is evident from the following passages: cethri dána inunda aigi he has four parallel professions (viz. the building of sea-ships, barques, canoes and vessels), v 104. 7 . fer congeb trede .i. trí dána inanna aigi .i. durtech ┐ muilinn ┐ ibroracht, v 104. 21 . fer congeb dede .i. fer congbus dá dán examla .i. goibnecht ┐ cerdacht smithwork and goldwork v 104. 18 . fer congeb ceatharda .i. cethra dána éxamla .i. goibnecht ┐ cerdacht ailtirecht ┐ gebidecht smithwork and goldwork, carpentry and cloth-figuring ib. v 104. 30 . dia mbeth dána éxamla aice beith eneclann cacha dána dib, H 3.18 , p. 126 . O'D. Suppl.

Salutat uos Lucas medicus, gl. dicit híc ainm dáno dorigéni i tossug, Wb. 27 d 10 . alia a professionibus .i. hua ḟóisitnib inna ṅdáne frisgniat ┐ ataimet, Sg. 33 a 25 . ut mechannicus .i. arindí atreba in dán sin. ind ḟiss asberar michanicé , ib. 33 a 26 , 27 . grammaticus .i. airindí atreba in dán inna litredachte, ib. 33 a 28 . dual dán, Laws v 104 . artium vero nomina .i. dana .i. anmman araḟóimtar di danaib ut doctor de doctrina , Sg. 156 b 4 . quos multa peritia facit ab eiusdem artis consortibus eminere .i. sainred neulais leu isin dan frisgníat sech cách fodglein olchene, Ml. 37 b 12 . cechtar nathar fria saindan, bíth a menmasam fri seilgg mu menma céin im saincheirdd, Thes. ii 293. 14 . maith la cechtar nár a dán, ib. 294. 2 . isé a prímdán budein filidecht, Laws v 12. 17 . is saer cid cách creanus a suíre dia dán, iv 14. 28 . in cách...cendaigis saeiri dó dun dán bís aigi amail atá in gaba, v 14. 30 ; cf. ib. 20. 14 , 22 , 33 . is feardi in fear sin na dána sin do cindemain aigi that man is the better of those professions having fallen to his lot, v 20. 28 . cethri ba do ar gach ndán four cows for each profession, v 104. 8 . in dán is uaisli dib, ib. 104. 22 . dá prímdán do beith aigi i fotha .i. clochsairsi ┐ crannsairsi ┐ in dana dan as uaisli dib do beith aigi i fotha .i. damliag ┐ duirrtech, v 92. 2 f.b. fégad arna dánaib eile, v 94. 3 . in dúil chinntech doberar dontí aca ndéntar in dán .i. lóg in dána, v 266. 12 . seisid doben allógh gacha dána dib, ib. 94. 4 . Cf. sesid do asna dánaib eli, v 104. 25 . saer daer dagdána dáig fogniat ┐ fogníter free, unfree are the good arts, because they serve and are served, v 96. 10 , 13 . in oiret bes (sc. in dalta) ica ḟoglaim .i. ic dénum a dána dligthig (apparently = while he is learning his lawful profession, though dán do dénum usually means to exercise a profession), v 96. 24 . a étail dána uile...┐ cédtuilleam a dána the entire profits of his profession and the first earnings of his profession, v 96. 28 . dia congba dá dán díb if he unites (keeps up) two of these arts, v 106. 8 , 15 . ni ḟuil nach ní doib ara ndán nothing is due to them in right of their profession, v 106. 25 . ma feraind fuair ara dán hé, ib. iii 50. 3 . ara dhán no ara leginn no ara filidecht, ib. 50. 6 . mad étail brethemnasa no filidechta no nach dána olcena, iii 50. 4 . a dualgus a dána in right of his profession, v 108. 16 , 17 , 36 . nach dán asrubartamar dliges saire, v 108. 1 . gan a dán, 108. 2 , 7 . intí aca mbia aendán the person who has one profession, v 108. 13 . intí ca mbed dána ilarda, ib. 14 . ildána (n pl.), ib. 16 . damad hé dán dliged na fine if it was the lawful profession of the tribe, iii 50. 10 .

cipe dán ara corat[h]ar neuch láiṁ ised as dech dó foss occa, Mon. Tall. 159. 6 . cid hé mo dán though that be my craft FB § 92 , cf. Strachan ZCP iii 422 . ni hé mo dan dogrés atát dána lim chena, FB § 93 . a gillai forcitail (a mmo sruith) cia dán dognísiu, RC xxvi 20 § 54 , 22 § 70 . oc dénum a dána, H 3.17 , col. 175 . cia dan frisag[n]eie al sei ar ni teid nech cin dan i Temruig, RC xii 76. 2 (compare ní théiged [don fleid i.e. fleid Temrach]...duine cen dán, Ériu iv 124. 12 ). abair ... an fil les oeinfer codogabai ina danu sæ ule, ib. 78. 9 . na huili dano arufognot det muntir si atát les ule a oenor conedh fer cacha danai ule ei, ib. 78. 13 . bo suí cach dáno é, ib. 78. 24 . ruaicill Lug cach ar uair dib fria ndanoib, ib. 92. 13 . bid furside cech dán, ib. xxvi 36 § 185 . fer sotal im gáis im dán im thocad, Tec. Corm. § 32 . romeasc cách ar dan a chéle IT iii 187 § 7 (= MS. Mat. 511. 24 . BB 261 a 25 ). ro hordaigheadh cách díb fora dhan díleas, ib. ferr dán orbba a trade or profession is better than inheritance LL 345 c 20 . rofiadaiged ar grádaib ┐ dánaib ┐ dligedaib, &c. TBC-LL¹ 997 . rocóraidhid iarum cách fo grádaib ┐ i ndanaib ┐ i ndligemnus, Ériu v 234. 9 . na hollumain ┐ anis deach fri cech ndán olchena, FDG 25 . an dán cétna dóib sund, BColm. 20. 23 . dober Colmán dó hi fus in dán cena cétna, ib. 74. 23 . Here also O'Mulc. 222 : cerd graece cires .i. manus unde cernach .i. buaidh lám dicitur. ar cach dán dogniat lámae is cerd dongairther .i. lámdae because every craft, exercised by the hands, is called `cerd.'

dán ciúil the profession of the `áes ciúil.' cruit isé aendán ciúil indsein dliges sairi, Laws v 106. 27 . aes dáno (pl. aesa dána, FB § 12 ) .i. in lucht aca mbí in dán, Laws v 98. 6 . The practisers of a profession, people of any trade or art (other than farmers of land) = aes cerdd, Laws iv 316. 25 , aes tidnaicthe, ib. v 14. 23 , 26 , aes eladan, v 90. 28 , though v 98. 11 a distinction is made between `aes dána' and áes borbeladan 'workers in unskilled professions'. Opp. aes trebtha, Cóir Anm. § 149 . tarrcomlad cach aes dána la hÉrind co tarfen cách a cheird fia[d] Patraic, Laws i 14. 25 . aithgabáil cach aes (sic) dána, ii 118. 21 . breithem bes tualaing fuigell frisind aes ndána, v 98. 1 . duilgine cach aesa dána adroilli duilgine, v 264. 15 . formna láth ngaili Ulad arcena ┐ a maccæm ┐ a næsa dána, FB § 12 (p. 258. 13) . rofáid C. filedu ┐ áes dána ┐ drúdi Ulad dia saigid... rotriall som dano in næs ndána do marbad, SCC § 48 . aragarud...oes danu Erionn, RC xii 84 § 85 . degníth lesin oes ndanou indsen, ib. § 86 . den oes dana, ib. § 124 . do ḟiledaib ┐ aes dána, TBC-LL¹ 2708 . aes cacha dáno, Laws v 14. 18 . rodeiligsid arís æs cacha dána fria aroili, IT iii 187 § 7 ( MS. Mat. 511. 26 ) aes cacha dáno olchenae 'any other professionals': daerneimead imorro aes gacha dána olchena, Laws v 14. 17 . daernemed tra saeir ┐ gobaind ┐ umaide ┐ cerda ┐ legi ┐ breithemain ┐ druid ┐ aes cacha dána olchena, ib. v 90. 21 (gl. .i. lucht cacho tidnaicthi uili cena ┐ na fodhán). iter eclais ┐ tuaith ┐ aos gacho dána olchena, ZCP viii 111. 21 . doescarṡluag ┐ oes dímain ┐ oes cecha dána olchena, LB 116 a 27 , cf. di daoscarsluag ┐ daos cecha dánæ olchenæ, RC xii 104. 2 . cóicedaig Érenn...┐ a rígu ┐ a toísig ┐ a nócthigernn ┐ a namsaid ┐ oes cacha dána gnáthaig ┐ ingnáthaig olchena FDG 158 . aes dánae, aes dán (pl.) = aes dáno; cf. dér as g pl. Fél. Epil. 400 . cen aes ṅdán, SR 7212 , cf. aos dán poets Eg. Gl. 350 . ceth ind táos dánae ol Máolrúin in gobui[n]d ind tsáoir ┐ reliqui , Mon. Tall. 135. 30 . For the use of the pl. compare the synonymous áes cerdd. fer dáno a member of the aes dáno, a professional man: mad fer dána, Laws iii 48. 18 ; in a spec. sense a poet, v. II. Idiomatically in asseverations: dar mo dán by my craft (profession): d. m. d. is luag noragad duid ar sin do dénum, Anecd. i 46. 6 . Cf. fo mo cheirdd, LU 75 b 30 ( TBC-I¹ 1685 ).

V A craftsman : cach dán dogní aicdi flatha nó ecalsa 'every craftsman who manufactures articles for a lord or a churchman', Críth G. 486 , Ériu lxvi 2 . cruit, is ē āendān cīuil ind sein dliges saīri 'a harpist, that is the only skilled musician who can claim independent status', CIH v 1616.31 , Ériu lxvi 2 . sāer dāer dagdāna 'good craftsmen are [at once] noble and base', CIH v 1613.22 , Ériu lxvi 2 . cis lir fodlai for soírneimthib? ... a cethair - ecnae, eclais, flaith, fili; it é doírnemid dánae olchenae 'how many divisions are there of noble privileged ones? ... four, ecclesiastical scholar, churchman, lord, poet; the remaining craftsmen are base privileged ones', Ériu xl 8 § 1 .

VI A profession as represented by its practisers collectively; the members of a trade as a body. cach dán dogní aicdi flatha no ecalsa all craftsmen who make the manufactures of a chief or a church Laws iv 332. 1 . dán cimbeda probably= captives, prisoners (if not corrupt for damna cimbeda, see damnae I (b)): gabtar na fir ┐ ná gontar iter dáig nimmó ná dán cimbeda rothoegat, TBC-LL¹ 5120 . That the sense is a concrete one and Windisch's translation wrong is proved by TBC-LL¹ 5122 : Conchobar gan a guin do gabáil ┐ dán cimbeda do dénam dona deich cét ar ḟichit cét bátar na ḟarrad.

VII An occupation, function, business; an allotted task . dán .i. obair, Lec. Gl. 446 , Stowe Gl. 59 , 330 . cumal .i. ben bís oc bleth brón ar isé dán na mban ṅdáer riasiu darónta na muilind for this was the business of bondwomen Corm. s.v. cumal ; Zeuss² 245 . trí dána dobertsat slóg na Galia fair úir do tarradh ┐ muighi a fedhaib ┐ scáileadh murgabla srotha Ligir three tasks the people of G. imposed upon him RC xv 434. 26 , where dán= obair, l. 29 below (┐ adaigestar obair naile do thabairt fair). tri dán tucsat for R., LL 196 a 36 . olc or sí do dan bith oc buadred na Hérenn LU 53 b 8 (Tuc. Ind. na nD.). trí eoin aregda isin chathair ...┐ a menma ina ndúlemain tria bithu issé sin a ndan FA § 7 . bid hé mo dán iter drungu démnu...beth icot mallachad sa, PH 8263 . Hardly in Mon. Tall. 133. 10 : asrubart M. nibu móo dan lais arrobúi isind tsaltir nuli; the translation given seems impossible.

VIII To give in payment; a payment (cf. dawn bwyd payments in kind in the Welsh Laws). dan .i. ic ut est co hiar nde mis rodantar frit no r[o]dana .i. cidh riut icar cidh tu icas, O'Dav. 693 . So in Alexander 382 : rotustuillset fo chísaib ┐ bés ┐ dán ┐ dliged dóib, if it is complete (the line ends with fo chísaib ┐; something might have been dropped at the beginning of the new line). It recalls the passage TBC-LL¹ 997 , containing dán in the sense of profession : rofiadaiged ar grádaib ┐ dánaib ┐ dligedaib ┐ uaslecht ┐ cáinbésaib.

IX PHRASES.

(a) is dán do: bá dán dosom intan ba holc a menma noslocad indala súil conna roched corr inna cind it was his custom (?) SCC § 5 . ar is do is dán tidhnocol for to him `belongs to make presents (O'Don.) Leb. Cert. 192. 14 . gottí an tairrngeartaigh dar dhán sí asa hairmbertaibh diompádh who is allotted to Tadhg O'Huiginn (R.I.A. 23 L 17 , f. 576 § 12 )=dá mbed i ndán. Cf. VIII (b).

(b) i ndán (do) destined to, in store for; espec. destined by fate, fated, allotted ; phonetically i nán. Synon. i cinniud, i tairngiriu.—Only in connection with atá or dorala. The phrase does not appear in the Glosses, and the earliest instances collected here are taken from the YBL and the LB. Dán used independently in the sense fate, destiny , is not common in Irish, though this meaning is frequently given by modern lexicographers (dán .i. cineaṁain P. O'C. , cf. Coneys, O'R., Dinneen ). A late instance is quoted VIII (a). It occurs, however, in spoken Gaelic: is duilich cur an aghaidh dàin to oppose fate is difficult ( Macd. Gael. Dict. i 310 a ); but as a rule in Gaelic also it depends on i n- (ma tha e 'n dàn dhoṁ a bhi beò). robai i ndán ┐ i tairngire in aided úd diar mbreith doréir faistine in druad was fated and foretold RC xxiv 280 § 19 (YBL). aspert in sruith [fri]usuṁ imthecht uair ní hannsut boi i ndan [do]ibh eserghi, ib. xiv 58 § 72 (Book of Fermoy; v.l. nách ann rocinnedh doib a neiséirge). mata a ndán duit, ib. xxiii 420. 28 (YBL; compare l. 24 : do bi i tairngiri dam). ma rocollit riam a gessi rocollit innocht .i. boi a ndán a coll for their breaking was fated MacCongl. 15. 13 (LB). na nethe aurdhalta bis a cinded ┐ a ndan doib, Fen. 38. 17 . ag déunaṁ réiṁḟiadhnuise airna neithib dobhí a ndán do Chríosd dḟulang, RC vii 359. 10 ( 1 Peter 11 ). noco tí an ridiri da fuil a ndán an pócc do thabairt, ZCP ii 24. 28 . ca fis nach da cloidhem féin atá a ndán a marbadh ib. vi 103. 7 ; 'who knows that it is not his own sword that is destined to kill him' x 371 . cip hé for talmain...dia da (leg. dia d[t]a) i nndán a fúaslocod (sc. inna cest), ib. iv 234.1 f.b. , RC xxxvii 18 . a beith i ndán dam bás dagbáil in lá dá gebthasu bás, Cog. 172. 8 . ní fhuil a ndán do bás dḟaghail nó go mbuailtear trí buillidhe don luirgḟearrsaid atá aige air, Oss. iii 120. 6 . fothrugadh luaidhe ar do chind sa óir dobhi a n[d]an do thiachtain annso, Ériu iii 164. 3 f.b. dobhaoi a ndán...tocht do ṡluaigh go hiathṁaigh (sic leg.) nAdhair, Hugh Roe 198. 17 . gach ainiarsma da mbí i ndán dó féin ó thosach a gheineaṁna go síorraidhe tre ṡaoghal na saoghal, TSh. 72. 18 . Further instances Acall. 6876 . Miscell. Celt. Soc. 150. 23 . SG 65. 45 ; 234. 5 . RC xiii 222. 39 . Aen. 84 , 93 . Gadelica ii 93 . 8. OCL 6 . BS § 76. 2 .—The following examples do not involve the sense of fate or destiny: na cóicedaig archena do ṡuidiugad amail robuí a ndán do chách, FDG 203 . do Luaighni atá i ndán in tres, Fianaig. 68. 11 . dobhraith cách uili den láiṁ (leg. d'ēnláimh) go bfuil caphair a ndán dí, Ériu vi 128. 6 f.b. , ZCP x 371 tárla a ndán di teagṁáil aran gcuid don ṁachaire noch fa le Boas it was her hap Ruth ii 3 .

(c) beith doendán i cenn oppose together, be on the same side against; the same as beith doenláim i cenn, as is evident from the passage LB 140 a 15 : co ndernsat caratrad do beth doeṅdán i cend Aristobuil...o rabtar oentadaig dénlaim i cend A. &c. Developed from sense IV.

MOD. dán (Connaught also nán, nnán, abstracted from i ndán), gen. dáin (dána obs.), n pl. dáin and dánta, d pl. usually dánaibh, a song. fear dáin a poet : is mór an fear dáin docheapadh é (Kerry). i ndán (with tá) fated, in store ; also able to: níl tú i ndán anacht id ṡuidhe ( Finck ii 99. 6 ); cf. Acall. 2396 : ní raibhi a ndán dúinne a marbad we could not kill it (sc. the monster). In the sense of I-II, IV, V, VI, VII, VIII (a) and (c), dán is now obsolete, and in the sense of III words like amrán, dúan, laíd are now more usual.

Compd.: ós cech dándíne drong trén 'over every gifted host of strong bands', SR (Greene) 6703 .

dechraigidir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dechraigidir or dil.ie/14925
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: dechraigthir, dechraigid, deochraigid, dechrigim, nosdeochraigethar, nosdeacraiget[h]ar, ndeocraigethar, deochrigedar, dechrigmir, nosdechrigeta, dechraigetar, dechrigetar, dechriget, ndechrigeddar, ndeochraigetar, dechriget, dechruigit, deachraiget, deocruigid, deachraighit, ndechraigte, dechrigedar, dechraighfes, rodechraig, ndechraigsetar, ndechraiged, ndeachtraigter, neachtraighter, dechraigfiter

v dechraigthir, dechtraigidir (q.v.), g-derivative of 1 dechor; Mid.-Ir. dechraigid and deochraigid.— ACT. pr. ind. 1 sg. dechrigim, Sg. 177 b 1 .—3 sg. nosdeochraigethar, IT iii 6. 1 . nosdeacraiget[h]ar, iii 24. 17 (BB). nosdeachraighedar, iii 24. 19 . i ndeocraigethar , iii 7. 1 . cia deochrigedar , iii 24. 11 .-1 pl. dechrigmir ni, Ml. 117 b 9 .—3 pl.

(a) depon. nosdechrigeta, Ml. 115 b 2 . ní dechraigetar , 113 a 2 . ní dechrigetar , Sg. 155 b 5 (but the contemporaneous glossator of the PCr. employs in the same place the act. ní dechriget , PCr. 65 a 2 ). a ndechrigeddar , Sg. 46 a 9 . i ndeochraigetar , IT iii 5. 6 , 9.

(b) act. ní dechriget , PCr. 65 a 2 . dechruigit, IT iii 7. 1 . deachraiget (rel.), iii 24. 12 (BB). nosdeochraigitt, iii 6. 11 . deocruigid, iii 6. 2 . deachraighit, AFM A.D. 945 . rel. a ndechraigte , Ml. 119 d 11 .—pr. subj. 3 sg. mani dechrigedar , Wb. 12 c 46 .—fut. 3 sg. rel. dechraighfes ZCP iv 237. 21 . BB 280 a 18 .—pret. perf. 3 sg. rodechraig SR 1925 . 2773 . 7877 . LL 164 a 42 . 3 pl. co ndechraigsetar , LL 165 b 51 . pret. subj. 3 sg. fria ndechraiged , Sg. 28 a 13 .—PASS. pr. ind. 3 pl. a ndeachtraigter , IT iii 24. 8 (BB). a neachtraighter , ib. 24. 6 (BB).—subj. 3 sg. mani dechrigther , Wb. 12 c 46 .—fut. 3 pl. dechraigfiter , SR 8328 . —VN. dechrugud (deochrugud), q.v.

A Intr.

I Is scattered, dispersed, falls asunder : in gáir focherdsat...im Choinculainn ina othorlige chró condechraigsetar graigi ┐ carpait ┐ airm i ngrellachaib ind átha, LL 165 b 51 .

II Stands apart, is separated or removed from, transl. Lat. distare: bina (viz. heaven and earth) quae possuit longe a se spatio distantia .i. a ndechraigte, Ml. 119 d 11 . infra uentriculum tenui distantia rima, gl. a ndechrigeddar, Sg. 46 a 9 .

III Transf. is different, differs from (fri; the point of comparison is introduced by i n-). Transl. Lat. distare, differre, absistere. Synon. ditaa. Opp. oentadaigidir. hac specialitate distamus quod..., gl. ditaam ni .i. dechrigmir ni ón, Ml. 117 b 9 . nihil deferent .i. ní dithát .i. ní dechraigetar, 113 a 2 . non absistunt .i. ní tesbanat nó ní dechriget, PCr. 65 a 2 = ní dechrigetar, Sg. 155 b 5 . differentiae causae .i. húare nád fil praenomen fria ndechraiged, Sg. 28 a 13 .— cid i ndeochraigetar ┐ i nóentadaigetar, IT iii 6. 9 . cid i ndeochraigetar .nī. i ndánaib ┐ grádaib , iii 5. 6 . dechruigit i sillabaib, iii 7. 1 ; ib. 24. 27 .

B Trans.

IV Divides, separates, marks out; discriminates, makes a distinction or difference, distinguishes, settles, sets down. dispesco .i. dechrigim, Sg. 177 b 1 . mani dechrigedar in fer nodseinn (who sounds the horn), Wb. 12 c 46 . mani dechrigther ┐ mani tintither a mbélre nechtrann ní thucci in cách rodchluinethar, ib. nosdechrigetar inna ceul nephgnátha inna gnímu trisna mmoltu núi, Ml. 115 b 2 . The point of distinction is introduced by i n- or ar. rí rodechraig claind Ádaim ar chéill ar chruth ar grádaib , SR 2773 . scértair íarna ngnímgretha: dechraigfiter na ndálaib, 8328 (of the race of Adam on Doomsday). rosdechraig dó for licc glain cach luib tricc ticc tria thalmain, 1925 . cía rosdechraig inna crí, 7877 .— na sóerbaird cid nosdeochraigethar i ngrádaib. nī. asa ndánaib forberat ┐ deocruigid, IT iii 6. 1 . ib. 6. 9 ; 24. 6 , 11 , 12 , 19 . ní dlig cúairt...file nách drondechraighfes sochur dochur dílmaine cech tíre, ZCP iv 237. 21 . Leb. Cert. 236. 16 ( BB 280 a 18 ).— ó ghein mic Dé deachraighit réltait co rél i riaglaib a cúic... do bliadnaibh, AFM ii 656. 15A.D. 945 . rodechraig fón ail co haircc: ind ailt rodechlaid in fert pointed out, decided on LL 164 a 42 . Todd Lect. vii 36 l. 55 .—Obs.

decmaing

Cite this: eDIL s.v. decmaing or dil.ie/14958
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: dĕggṁaing, decming, degming, decmaing, deacmaing, -gg, decmaic, decmaic, decmuic, decmuici, deacmaicc, deacmaic, deachṁaing, decmuccu, decmaicci

i, i.e. dĕggṁaing, adj. A -ng: decming, Wb. 14 b 4 . 17 c 7 . 21 a 13 . degming, 13 d 20 .— decmaing, LL 125 b 1 f.b. 251 a 30 . 277 a 36 . Ériu iv 108. 19 LL. Cog. 122. 10 (14th-century MS). O'Dav. 184 , 655 . TBFr. 150. 24 . deacmaing, Fél. Ep. 172 v.l. and late lexicographers (O'Cl., Lhuyd, P. O'C. , &c.). B -gg. Though not found in the Glosses, decmaic, as proved by Fél. Ep. 172 , existed as early as the late 8th century (cf. Oir. cumac). As the consonant-groups prevent the syncope of the second syllable, -gg has arisen by analogy. decmaic: Fél. Ep. 172 (= O'Dav. 184 , 655 . H 3.18, 541 ). O'Dav. 688 (old quotation). Laws iv 382. 3 f.b. (main text); v 276. 1 Comm. AFM A.D. 1516 . O'Mulc. 331 . decmuic, Fél. l.c. (v.l.). d s. Laws v 272. 9 (main text). d p. decmuici, Eg. 1782, 87 b . deacmaicc, O'D. Suppl. deacmaic, AFM i 56. 11 . O'Cl. O'R. As to O'R.'s deachṁaing, v. dechmaing supra.—INFLEX. All forms given above, where not otherwise marked, are in the n s.—COMP. decmuccu, decmaicci, BDD § 87 .

Latest instances noted: LL 34 b 1 f.b. , poem ascribed to Cuan Hua Lothcháin (†1024), and Cog. 122. 10 (11th-century composition). The word went out of use during the 11th century, and words like deccair, doccair, &c., took its place. Its occurrence in the FM is of no consequence.

ORIGIN: From †di-ecmaing, i.e. privative di- + ecmang, vn. of 1 ad-cumaing `it happens, takes place,' the o-stem passing into an i-stem in composition, cf. deccair, 1 deithbir, deolaid, díáirim, Díarmait, and especially the synonymous díing.

SENSES: A Definitions given by Ir. lexicographers:

(a) decmaic .i. ingnad ut est dobur cach decmuic .i. is dorcha gach ní is ingnad leis féin, O'Dav. 688 . deacmaing .i. iongnadh, O'Cl., Lhuyd. a wonder or surprise P. O'C. decmaic .i. is ingnadh nó is égen, gl. ad, AFM v 1336. 17 (O'Curry Transcr.).

(b) ding .i. decmaic, O'Mulc. 331 (YBL). H 3.18, 68 . As O'Mulc.'s Glossary is to a great extent based on Old- and early Mid.-Ir. vocabularies, the occurrence of d. in it is not against the statement made above as to the time when d.¤ became obsolete.

(c) decmaic .i. doilig, docamlach: dobur cach decmuic... is amail ní dorcha (i.e. dobur) gach ní is doilig, O'Dav. 688 . deacmaic .i. docaṁlach nó doilidh, O'Cl. Ir. MSS. Ser. ii 292 . O'Don. Suppl. (O'Rody).

(d) decmaic .i. síst a while, opp. dogrés, O'Dav. 655 , ib. 184 . Opp. dognáth, H 3.18, 541 (O'Curry's Transcr.).

B Meanings drawn from literature.

I †di-ecmaing, orig. that is not likely to be, to happen or come true, i.e. unlikely, improbable, impossible, strange . Only in this sense in the Glosses, translating Lat. mirus. Paulus apostolus ... et Timotheus frater .i. ... bráthir i nhiris. nípu decming cid i colinn, Wb. 14 b 4 . corruptibile hoc induere incorruptionem .i. is uisse intoichther a ndrúailnithe so hón nebdrúailnithiu. níbu degming donetad som a chorp fadessin issuidiu, ib. 13 d 20 . níbo decming rombed imthanad hi suidib (sc. isnaib grádaib nemdib), 21 a 13 . et non mirum ipse enim Satanas transfigurat se in angelum, gl. ní decming transfiguratio in apostolos , 17 c 7 .— fidh cain cin mecna mes ina dos decmaic .i. is decmaic mes do beith ar dos mana fuil freṁ aigi, Laws iv 382 3 f.b. (main text). decmaic le techt cuice she thinks it unlikely or impossible, ib. v 272. 9 . la bethaid a anmae la Críst...a beith slán ní decmaic with the life of his soul by Crist he is sure to be saved Fél. Ep. 172 , quoted twice in O'Dav. : .i. ní decmaing bias sláinte dó acht dogrés (v.l. dognáth, H 3.18, 541 ), Fél. Ep. 184 ; cf. ib. 655 . ó doléicter immasech cranna fianna for cach leth. nípo decmaic (-ait, facs.) casal cró for crand a duirnd Diarmató, LU 117 a 17 = LL 277 a 36 (d.-aing).—Here also the quotation: decmaic (.i. ingna) fer cen enech, O'Dav. 655 .

II Unlikely to be done, impossible or hard to do; impossible, difficult . Sometimes hardly distinguishable from I. —

(a) adj. nochon robai ní ba decmaic (-ach, MS) do dénam, Ériu ii 106.6 . becc nachimrala uathbás oc imcaissiu in trír sin. ní fail ní bas decmaicci, BDD § 87 (p. 75. 14). is tacair duit ni ḟorbara anfót do rád. is decmaing ón ol seseom, LL 125 b 1 f.b. is aire condegar chucut úair is decmaing because it is impossible, ib. 251 a 30 . TBFr. 150. 24 . ropo ní do dáil decming (: clainn), Ériu iv 108. 19 LL. cid decmaing déntar bar síd, Cog. 122. 10 . deacmaicc freasdol a ḟéile: ge ueith Éire dá thinnreaṁ, O'D. Suppl. (S. O'Mulconry).—Occasionally = scarcely : as decmaic má robái isin aimsir sin caislén dobadh crúaidhe cosnaṁ there was scarcely AFM v 1336. 17 (cf. A a supra). ba deacmaic don connall a ioth diomḟulang ina flaith the stalk could scarcely sustain its corn, ib. i 56. 11 . forellsid inn écis for mianuib decmuici ar dáig enich Gúairi do brith, 'desires that are difficult to fulfil' Eg. 1782 87 b = ACL iii 3.10 , ZCP x 381 .

(b) subst. something not likely to happen, something impossible or hard to do, an impossibility : dobur .i. dorcha nó doilig ut est: dobur cach decmuic .i. is amail ní dorcha gach ní is doilig, O'Dav. 688 . ben dofairged (sic leg.) ar decmuic (.i. ar choibchi ingnath nó doilig .i. lán duirn do deargnadaib, &c., Comm. 276. 4 ), Laws v 272. 9 , quoted by O'Dav. 655 . condat é tri decmainge in domain .i. tír aca mbí flaith do dílsi &c. , Laws v 426. 3 .

derscnugud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. derscnugud or dil.ie/15727

 

o, m. vn. of derscnaigid.

(a) act of excelling, surpassing (absol. or with DE): d.¤ deilbi do dainib in domain beauty of form surpassing all men, MR 118 ; 114 . nar míadh leis nech do derrscnugud de féin, CCath. 279 . don d.¤ du na gradaib is isli inas, Laws v 28 . an derrscnughadh (sic MS.) beres grian do reannoibh na firmamente, ITS v 12 .

(b) distinguishing, differentiating: Poimp Maighe ┐ Iul Cesair: robui écutrumus mór ┐ derrscnugud dermair iter ord a flaithiusa ┐ indram a n-aicenta ┐ a n-aíssi a great difference, CCath. 325 (derscuccudh, v.l.). ni mhothuighind in cedfad acht derrsgnughad na neithi mothuightheach (i.e. sensation arises from the perception of differences), 3 C 19, 67 vb30 . briathra annso o Thomas de Quino . . . eir dersgnugud an creidmhe ar naemhadh coirp Críst san altóir displaying (?), Lib. Flav. i 37ra3 . Cf. fa chóirighthibh ceolchaire . . . do dhéarscnaimh deagh-dhana dírigh melodious choirs . . . to render song, Keat. Poems 868 .

dliged

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dliged or dil.ie/17034
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: dlíged, dligeth, dleged, dligid, dligud, dliguth, ndliged, dligetha, dligeda, dliged, dliged, dligedaib, dligedib, dlige, dligid, dligid, dliged, dligetha, dligedaib

n o, n. n a s. dlíged, Wb. 10d16 , 19 . dligeth, Sg. 26b7 . dleged, Ml. 50d2 . g s. dligid, Wb. 3c7 , 13a29 . d s. dligud, 5d8 . Ml. 19d10 . Sg. 71a6 . dliguth, 26b7 . frisa ndliged , Wb. 23c11 . a pl. dligetha, Wb. 6a23 ; 13a29 . dligeda, Ml. 35b1 . dliged, 18c11 . g pl. dliged, 35b17 . d pl. dligedaib, Ml. 16b6 . dligedib, Sg. 193b6 . Later often dlige.

Charles-Edwards, Celtica xxiv 75-78 , proposes the following ordering for the O.Ir. senses: I (a) an individual’s entitlement, right. (i) a right in respect of fair contract as opposed to naidm ‘binding surety’. (ii) name of the second of the five paths to judgement chosen by a plaintiff who is the creditor in a contract, whereas the third path, cert, is chosen by someone arguing that the terms of a contract were unfair, Cóic Con. § 8-9 (R/E Recension) . (iii) Of the judicial settlement of a claim which follows upon the defendant’s decision to accept legal process, the right as upheld by a judicial verdict. Hence (iv) rightful state or condition. (b) (collectively) body of rights. (c) thing or action to which someone is entitled; debt, obligation. (d) g s. as attrib.: rightful. (e) As adverb: rightfully. II (Latin usage) (a) = ratio: (i) calculation (ii) argument (iii) reason (iv) grammatical process, mode or method of forming derived (v) rational order, intelligible structure (b) = sententia or dictum (sometimes ‘correct statement’ in contrast to toimtiu ‘wrong opinion’). (c) = intellectus . To which add (d) form: amal rochumtaig thall i céttustin na ndúl na curpu dermara den dligud nemaicside ┐ den dligud nemchorptha ro techtsat co hinchlithe intib na dúli dia ro tusmidea na cu[i]rp sin '… as He (God) had fashioned then in the primal creation of all the elements the vast bodies from the invisible form and from the incorporeal form which the elements out of which those bodies were generated possesed latent within them' Medium Ævum lxxviii 219 (LU 2598, Scéla na esérgi) .

I In O.Ir. Glosses in various senses of the Lat. ratio which it freq. glosses or translates ( Wb. 5d8 , cf. 24b21 , Ml. 19d1 , 27d7 , 54a4 , 111c17 , Sg. 40a7 , 61a9 , 63a9 , 75a1 , 181a8 , BCr. 3c ). Transl. ius, Ml. 98c8 , cf. Sg. 11b2 ; dictum, Ml. 35b1 . Acr. 6a1 . placitum ( maxim, rule ), Sg. 7b9 .

(a) In sense of Lat. ratio, guiding principle, law, or theory (regarded as basis of belief or action): iár ṅdligud hirisse gl. secundum rationem fidei, Wb. 5d8 . ni fel nech lasa mbed d.¤ remdeicsen do dechrugud etir maithi ┐ olcu, Ml. 19d2 . d.¤ buithe in boicht fo mam int sommai the principle that the poor should be under the yoke of the rich, 27d7 . ba nephimmaircide nad techtadsom d.¤ coimdemnachtae isnaib dulib doforsat gl. ut nihil iuris haberet in his quae ipse consederat, 17b6 . conna biad d.¤ n-erchissechta la dia gl. miserationis ius, 98c8 . ní coméicnigedar na d.¤ insin gl. nulla ratione cogente, Sg. 61a9 . ní chen d.¤ a nephdiall gl. non absque ratione non declinatur, 75a1 . do chloud in dligid sin view, theory, gl. ad huiusmodi depellendum errorem, Ml. 56b16 .

Hence (b) principle, rule, norm ; common in Sg. of laws of grammar, etc.: d.¤ lechtha .n. post .m. the law of the liquidation of n after m, Sg. 11b2 . d.¤ nihelsa rule of nullity, 14a2 . conforcmat d.¤ inna ṅdiuite so that they (components) preserve the law of uncompounded words, 21b4 . a nd.¤ cruthaigtheo genitensa this norm of forming the genitive, 113b3 . d.¤ rimae law of calculating, 181a8 . ised slánd.¤ salto, noichtiche col-leuth du árim i n-éscu the sound law of the leap (gl. salva ratione), BCr. 3c . dlighi gl. rhetorica, Ir. Gl. 87 .

(c) dictum, authoritative statement: ni ed a met demnigmi-ni ar ndligeda ho testimnib screptaire gl. dicta nostra, Ml. 35b1 . ní fail ní nád tái mo dligeth-sa fair (Priscian is the speaker), Sg. 26b7 . inna dligeda anúas roráitsem, Thes. ii 2.34 ( Acr. 6a1 ). dofuit im lín chéin d.¤ ndoraid, Thes. ii 293.21 (SP ii). atta ni forsatæt a nd.¤ sa which supports this statement (that David alone sang the psalms), Hib. Min. 5.149 . More loosely of a statement or saying in general: adrimfem . . . cech n-oin d.¤ fil in psalmis , Ml. 14d5 . trisna dligeda mrechtnichti inna aisndissen `varied expressions', 44d11 . 76a13 .

(d) reason, argument: n-armtar (sic leg.) condegdligedaib dia frithtuidecht with good reasons to oppose them gl. his obiectionibus . . . poterint armari, Ml. 16b6 . ata d.¤ ann there is reason for it, PH 5207 . ata ni do dligudh and, Anecd. ii 17.8 . in dligedchetil so gl. ratiocinationis, ZCP vii 480 ( Enchir. Aug. 71a ).

(e) reckoning, computation (?): intan as conguin dligid hua dligud ailiu `the violation of a reckoning by another reckoning' gl. de ratione (computation, referring to calendar), Sg. 181a8 .

(f) nature, condition, kind, manner: ní ó ógai tantum acht is . . . ó dligud lanamnasa the lawful state (?) of matrimony, Thes. ii 3.34 . is he sin dlige (leg. dliged) demin tresa tanic an imagin-se Crist . . . co Siria, PH 232 .

II Hence law in wide sense, of a prescript, code, or tradition based on authority of some kind and demanding obedience; `both law in general and a subjective legal right', Críth G. p. 84 . See also Cóic Con. 8 , Stud. in E. Ir. Law 13 , 16 . duni conái dligid (= dliged?) Dé, SR 449 . iar ndligud Dé, 4447 . dliged a n-ecailse, 4920 . iar ndliged rechta Moysi, PH 5110 . comedait d.¤ na fírinde diada, 4063 . iar ndligud chardessa no chondalbais according to the law of gossipred or relationship, RC xxv 248 . is do chóicid Connacht iar ndlighed roindi coicid in ferann sin according to the law of the division of a province (or in sense I (f) above ?), RC xxiv 186 . Esp. of civil law: ata i ndlige na fēine buachaill oc cach cethra it is (enacted) in the law of the F. that, Laws iv 96.22 . issed adeir dligedh this is what the law says, 48.9 Comm. dlighe frithe the legal regulations regarding waifs, v 336.9 Comm. fail lim d.¤ is damna, | senchas sliged sóer-Banba ` legal lore ', Metr. Dinds. iii 278 . ní mheasaim go bhfuil cine . . . is mó do bhiadh umhal do dhlighe ionáid Éireannaigh dá roinnti comhthrom an dhlighidh riú, Keat. iii 5751 . gur chumadar dlighthe . . . dhóibh féin contrárdha do dhlighthibh . . . na hanma, TSh. 2929 . reacht, dlighe, Eg. Gl. 520 . fear dlighidh lawyer , Hy Fiach. 50 . dochtúirí an dlighidh, Luke v 17 . dliged Canona, AU 1336 . saoi foircthe isin dá dhligheadh .i. ciuil ┐ canóin, Hy Fiach. 74 . ard maighistir dlighid nua ┐ sendlighidh hi lex ┐ canoin, ALC i 600.x = ardmhaighistir dlighidh nuifhiadnaisi ┐ shenreachta, AFM iii 526 . ? isin cet bliadin den dlegaid in the first year of the (penitential) rule (i.e. of my life as an incluse), MacCarthy 15 . Passing into sense of judgement or jurisdiction: (Michael) is e dobera d.¤ tar cend na noem ┐ na fhiren il-lou bratha, PH 6272 . lá an dlighidh (i.e. Doomsday ), A. Ó Dálaigh xxxv 6 . ro cuireadh dliccheadh fair go ro daoradh dochum báis, AFM vi 1906 . ina mbáoi fo dliccheadh ó Bhoinn co Comar all who were subject to the laws (of England), v 1730 . adubhairt nach rabhadur sin fa na ndlighe féin, Gadelica 234 ( PCT 1746 ). Cf. also: do bhreith fhiledh craoi Cuinn | do bhí a ndlighedh í Dhomhnaill subject to O'D. (?), Book of O'Conor Don 182b5 . In sense of abstract justice, right: fir ┐ d.¤ (sic leg.), cert ┐ techta, Cóic Con. 15 § 1 ( Laws i 258.19 ). intí tí a seilbh gan d.¤ unlawfully , iv 270.24 Comm. damad cinnte leis na demtha d.¤ do, 4.14 Comm. nírbo cam in d.¤ (of a just retribution), Corm. Y 698 . g s. as attrib.: a fer dligid her lawful husband, Wb. 3c7 . co cétmunteras dligid, Críth G. 339 . ma daime dáil ndligid dún, Ériu vii 227 § 64 .

III What is lawful or incumbent, duty, obligation . Cf. Ml. 54a4 : is d.¤ leu tabart inna fochaide foraib they deem it a law that (gl. ratione patientes). arna dich cách assa dligud i nadaltras lest everyone go out of his duty, Wb. 9d24 . d.¤ cach epscoip so (gl. cuius . . . opus est scire, etc.), RC viii 367 . is é d.¤ na mban beth i tāi, Anecd. v 23 n. 13 . Cf. further: ni bit i ndligud fri nech, ni bi nech a ndligudh friu they are indebted to nobody (?), Laws i 206.6 Comm. (or in meaning V?). As pred., is d.¤ (dom) it is right (for me), it is (my) duty: mar so is dligedh a radha .i. mui[n], etc. this is the right way to say it, Corm. Y 850 . is ed ba d.¤, fer grāid cecha chille, Ériu i 220 § 16 . BB 192a35 . is dligead duit an féar-sa do cur ar t'altaib, O'Gr. Cat. 294.27 . atáit ceithre féilti . . . ana dligeadh do parráisdeach tiacht chum eagailsi, 318.14 . adeir Ipocras gurab dligedh don liaigh beth co hinntleachtach (= oportet . . .), 23 P 10, 10a1 . Often in combination with dír: is dír ┐ is dlighedh duinn . . . briathra fíri do chantain, CCath. 630 . laidh . . . is dir ┐ is dligeadh d'éicsib d'aisnéis, MR 92.4 . g s. as pred.: ni dluig ┐ ni dligid duit-siu, MR 154.1 . as dior ┐ as dligid do, 264.11 . But in these two exx. perh. simply for dliged.

IV What is right or due (to someone); due, right, prerogative: dlíged sacairt i tempul a priest's right in the temple, Wb. 10d16 . dligetha gl. reddite omnibus debita, 6a23 . cid nodasóera? A ndéis a nd.¤ cach áe according to the legal right of each (of the grades of nobility), Críth G. 319 . fri d.¤ tuise claim to leadership, Cóic Con. 16 § 3 . sreth failsigthi na conaire fugill is d.¤ , 18 § 8 . ? tabair dam inad it churp | iarmo dliged, iarm' intliucht, SR 1154 . ? co n-indised a ndíre ┐ a nd.¤ doib, PH 824 . da n-ícat mo screpul-sa | is mo dlighed, Anecd. ii 34 . ma beith do uaisle ind fhir grāid . . . doformagar a dligid, Ériu i 220 § 15 . nico raga bairgen dot dligiud so you shall not lack a loaf of your due, Anecd. i 11 . caire ainsic . . . .i. iarsinni aisices a d.¤ do gach ae, Corm. Y 361 . With DO: ni gébed Ioseph nach fiach | óna tuathaib acht mad biad . . . dia dligiud (sic leg.: ciniud) do ríg Egept J. would not take any debt . . . of what was due to the king unless paid in provisions, SR 3392 . don laech ucud diar ba dlighed an smior who was entitled to the marrow, MR 70.11 . inní nach dligedh don Rígh . . . ná sír seek not aught that is not due to the king (?), ZCP vii 301 § 13 . In pl.: rofiadaiged ar grádaib ┐ dánaib ┐ dligedaib according to (their) rights (?), TBC-LL¹ 997 . ? ro ordaigh a cuit coir ar dāinib is ar dligedaib . . . do gach duni, Cog. 82 (possibly conditions , cf. I (f) above). Folld. by AR (FOR): asberit conad ferr a nd.¤ forsin righi annāi-si that their right to the realm is better than thine, Marco P. 54 .

V Due, tax, tribute: domeled Clothru dligeda Connacht the tribute of C. (?), LL 125a1 . ba cu comorbu Peaduir . . . teghedh cis ┐ d.¤ Erenn, Ériu vii 244.10 . tuctha císai ┐ dligedai o fheraib domain do rigu na Pers, Alex. 208 . ni thabrum císa na d.¤ do demnaib, 903 . dligheadha righ Ereann, AFM ii 662.13 . dlighe an mhuilinn do thabhairt don tighearna, TSh. 10074 .

VI Faculty of reason (an extension of I (d) above): dlighedh gl. ratio (distinguished from intellectus), Ir. Gl. 879 . ídail cen cheill cin d.¤ , PH 2520 . iar comairle a menman ┐ a dligid, 4745 . ó scrútán inmedonach a ndligid ┐ a n-intliuchta, RC xxv 248 § 28 (LU). amail betis dóine co ndligud aicenta iat (of foxes), LB 127a42 .

VII As vn. of dligid deserving: dia nderna nech . . . gnim gin dliged a oidedha dhe any deed not deserving of death, Marco P. 41 . dia marbthur nech do d.¤ bais (for an offence) deserving death, 51 .

1 do

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 do or dil.ie/17096

 

Forms: dond, donaib, dunaib, donab, dona, dond, donaibhí, dunaibh, donahí, dom, domsa, damsa, duit, dait, deit, det, dit, duid, daid, duitt, duitsiu, deitsiu, detsiu, détso, detsi, dutsi, d, do, dóu, dou, dáu, dossom, dosom, d, di, díi, disi, dúnn, dunn, duún, dúun, dún, dun, duin, dú(i)nn, dúnni, dunni, dúni, dúinniu, dúnai, dúib, duib, duíb, dib, dib, daoibh, dúibsi, dúbsi, dóib, doib, duaib, dáib, doaib, doibsom, dom, dum, dot, dut, dot, dod, do, do, dia, doa, diar, dear, dar, dia n-, doa n-, dua, dá, dia n-, da, dona, donach, do

prep. with dat., leniting (see GOI §§ 435 . 832 ).

Forms: do (usual at all periods); du often in O.Ir., Wb. 5c14 , 33b6 ; Ml. 15a16 , 16a7 , 90a7 , b13 ; Acr. 13b3 ; Thes. ii 240.16 , 241.4 , 242.10 (Ardm.), 294.4 ( SP ii 16 ), 45.29 ; du Chaissil, AU 714 ; du for fogail, SCC § 13 . dó, Ml. 15d3 . dú, Wb. 5d19 .

In Mid and early Mod. Ir. often da, dá, esp. before cech: da cech tráth, LB 261b38 ; dá cech duine, PH 3985 ; dá bar n-óid, 5963 ; da gach nduine, Keat. iii 2087 (poem).

Vowel generally elided before vowel of f: d'agbáil, SCC § 29 . d'is cech réta, § 32 ( do facbail, Laws iv 206.14 ; do foghnumh, 250.6 Comm. ).

Freq. confused with 1 de, di, q.v.

With article: sg. dond irsolcoth, Wb. 22d27 . dond lethtomus, BCr. 31b3 . dund fercach, Ml. 22d13 . Thes. i 498.21 (Ardm.). dund insi, SCC § 17 . dunt foirbthetaid, Ml. 14c8 . dunt imluad, 15a17 . don chomursain, PH 2748 . don fhairind, 4959 . pl. donaib, Wb. 7b1 , Sg. 69b7 . dunaib, Acr. 8a2 . Thes. i 497.16 (Ardm.). dundaib (archaic), Thes. ii 247.12 ( Cambr. 38a ). donab, 33.28 . Mid. and mod. Ir. dona.

With art. and í: dond, Wb. 3c31 . pl. donaibhí, Sg. 156b7 . dunaibh, Wb. 2c10 . donahí, Ml. 46c7 .

With pron. suff.: 1 s. dom (usual in Wb. and Sg.), dam (in Ml.). domsa, Wb. 3c33 , etc. damsa, TBC-LL¹ 1110 . 2 s. duit (usual in Wb. and Sg.). dait common in Ml., TBC-I¹ 1056 , 1209 , 1334 (LU). deit, Wb. 6a11 , 12 ; 28d15 , etc. LL 275a50 . det, Wb. 5b29 . dit, 5b32 . Sg. 179a4 . TBC-I¹ 1056 , 1209 , 1334 (YBL). duid, TBC-I¹ 531 . daid, 1042 (YBL). duitt, PH 7915 . duitsiu, Wb. 6b14 . deitsiu, 30a8 . detsiu, 32c12 . détso, 6c7 . detsi, IT i 130.27 . dutsi, PH 4092 . 3 s. m. and n. commonly d, Wb. 1c12 ; 1d20 , etc. do, 2a2 ; 2c6 , etc. dóu, Trip. 218.24 . dou, Todd Lect. vi 57.10 . dáu, Trip.² 2862 . Trip. 338.22 . Thes. ii 294.3 ( SP ii 15 ). With emphasizing part. vowel usually short: dossom, Wb. 6d10 ; 9d8 . dosom, 3b7 , etc., Ml. 14a4 . f. d, Wb. 11c13 , etc. di, 7b3 . díi, Fél. 4.9 . With emphasizing part.: disi, ACL iii 309.10 . 1 p. dúnn, Wb. 2d13 ; 25c9 , etc. dunn, 26b1 . duún, 3a12 ; 4b10 ; 25c10 . dúun, 4b11 ; 10c21 . dún, 14c8 ; 20d15 , etc. dun, 14c9 . duin, FB § 49 . In later lang. dú(i)nn. With emphasizing part.: dúnni, Wb. 1a3 ; 3c15 . dunni, Ml. 110d12 , 13 . dúni, 121b13 . dúinniu, IT i 129.2 . dúnai (: clūdhai), ACL iii 298 § 58 . 2 p. dúib, Wb. 3b8 , 12 ; 6c25 , etc. duib, 13b3 ; 33b8 . duíb, 24a26 . In Mid. Ir. also dib, PH 761 , 1075 ; dib, 1433 . In later lang. daoibh. With emphasizing part.: dúibsi, Wb. 3b13 . dúbsi, 15d8 (a prima manu). 3 p. dóib, Wb. 6c24 ; 30d8 , etc. doib, 1d6 ; 12b2 . duaib, Thes. ii 238.13 ; 240.17 (Ardm.). dáib, PH 7392 . doaib, Sg. 50a3 . AU 687 , 797 . SR 7272 (sic leg.). With emphasizing part.: doibsom, Wb. 13a31 . ¤sem, 28d19 .

With poss. 1 s. dom: dum, Thes. ii 241.12 ; dumm imdídnaad, 13 . 2 s. dot: dut, Ml. 2d5 . Mid. Ir. dot, dod, do do. 3 s. dia; doa, Anecd. iii 48.5 ; 58.9 . 1 p. diar, Wb. 2d2 . dear (archaic), Thes. ii 245.8 (Cambr.) Mid.Ir. also dar: dár ṅdeeb-ni, PH 709 . 2 p. do far fírianugud, Wb. 3b27 . do bor mbrethugud, FB § 57 . do bar taig, SR 4829 . dia bhar saighidh, BNnÉ 303 § 12 . 3 p. dia n-. doa n-, Fianaig. 34.12 . Mon. Tall. § 59 , 62 . dua, RC xi 452.141 . Later also dá. See ZCP xxiv 227 ; xxv 254 .

With rel. dia n-: indí dia ruchretsid-si, Wb. 8c11 . intí dia ndílgid-si, 14d24 . secht mbráthre dia mbo . . . carcar, Fél. July 10 . dua mberar, Mon. Tall. § 11 . See 1 is. Mid. Ir. also da (dá): dontí da tucus, IT i 124.22 . With neg. dona, donach: dona-robu gnath, Ml. 129d3 . fer . . . dunar-ructhae act oentuistiu, Thes. ii 241.9 (Ardm.). do nach bis on to him who has it not, Laws iv 240 .

With alaile (araile): dialailiu, Ml. 87d13 . IT i 67.8 . díarailiu, FB § 55 . diaroli fir, PH 1483 .

To, for, etc. Used in O.Ir. Glosses (a) to translate Lat. ad, Wb. 3b14 ; 30d10 ; 16b5 (cid do uáir gl. etsi ad horam, the Lat. being literally translated), Tur. 35 . Ml. 15a16 ; 16a8 . Sg. 3b30 ; 67b10 ; 188a18 ; 217a7 . Thes. i 498.23 . (b) to render a dat., Wb. 9b8 ; 18c2 ; 28a5 . Ml. 2d10 ; 15b8b ; 17c11 . Sg. 20a6 ; 41b12 ; 69b7 ; 193a3 ; 209b6 ; 214a3 . Acr. 8a2 ; 13b3 . PCr. 65b2 . Thes. ii 34.29 ; cf. Caeur .i. do Chaieur (Cáieur being explained as dat. of Cáier), Corm. Y 698 . Hence:

A Introducing the terminus ad quem; in phrases expressing purpose, etc.

I Of destination after vbs. of motion, etc.: cumtach don fothu building to the foundation, Wb. 8c18 . téicht do Róim, Thes. ii 296.3 . lotar dia crích, FB § 56 . eirg dot thoigh, BS 44 . ho persin do persin, Sg. 209b12 . o thír do thír, SR 6835 . a inad d'inad, Laws iv 36.12 . With ellipse of vb. of motion: co cúalatar culgaire carpait dund insi (coming) to the island, SCC § 17 . Hence with pron. 3 s. n. expressing motion, see 2 dó. With abstracts: massu thol atomaig do that drives me to it, Wb. 10d26 . adcuiretar do hógi they return to integrity, Sg. 73b2 . Similarly in expressions like téit do applies to, téit do láim, gaibid do láim; dabeir d'a óid, etc. (see 1 téit, gaibid, lám, etc.).

II With follg. vn. in phrases expressing purpose.

(a) Prec. by vb.: is do immarchor chóre dotíagat it is to carry peace they come, Wb. 5a5 . todiusgadar ind anim do dénum maith, 5c18 . ní du for fogail dodeochammar-ni, SCC § 13 . dul d'fhios na sagart dá nglanadh, TSh. 375 . Cf. further: indíi adchobra-som do hícc those whom he desires to save, Wb. 28b1 . cid comarlecther foraib do daul immach that leave should be given them to go out, Mon. Tall. § 53 .

In prayers, wishes, etc., with ellipsis of vb.: Día dom chobair ar cech ṅguasacht (may) God (come) to my aid, Hy. vi 3 . cíall Dé dom imthus, Thes. ii 356.8 . dó (do +3 s. neut. pron.) to that end, for that purpose , anticipating a follg. vn. or clause or referring to a foregoing one: is do arroiéit-sa gratiam, do precept do chách, Wb. 6d14 . dó dobreth biad la Duid, | dia nertad, SR 6450 . acht má dothisad Arddrí secht nime dó ní reg-sa I will not go though . . . should come to force me, Trip.² 1355 . is do dodeochadsa . . . con-écius duib a scel-sa, Ériu ii 104 .

(b) Prec. by noun: dliged remdeicsen do dechrugud etir maithi ┐ ulcu a law of providence to distinguish between good and bad, Ml. 19d2 . huare nád robatar suin do shlund in dúildetad, Sg. 45b1 . nidat uain dia n-airlegunn thou hast no leisure to read them, Anecd. v 2 .

(c) Prec. by adj.: irlaim do dul bais, Wb. 16a3 . gilla comadas do faire dūine ríg, FB § 89 . is saidbir in spirut nóeb do thídnocul cecha maithiusa, PH 5454 . ni bfuil rí . . . is fearr do thabairt tuarustail, Ériu viii 136 . Cf. also: batar inricci du báas worthy of death, Wb. 5c14 .

III In follg. in sense of Eng. as (lit. for the purpose of being, to serve as): bíid-son do thogarthid this then is (for) a vocative, Sg. 78a2 . pauper laṡuide do fhemun he regards p. as a feminine, 64b5 . bíit a triur do anmaim ind eiúin gl. vultur et vulturus et vulturius, 93a2 . non fit do anmimm díles, 31b21 . conid riagolda caro dond ainmmnid c. is regular as the nominative, 93b5 ; 104b5 . mōrthar occa Cathluain . . . do rig foraibh, Todd Nenn. 140 . daine chaithit do biudh they eat human beings as food, RC xxxiv 308 . ó taoi dam' iarraidh d'óglách since you want me for a servant, A. Ó Dálaigh l 16 .

IV With vn. to express the idea of entering upon or continuing in a state or action: a mbátar do lepthugud when they were (on the point of?) going to bed IT i 67 . cid 'mo atai diar lenamuin? why art thou pursuing us? SR 1722 . mun beith cailleach an mhuilinn d'atach Christ frim, BS 122 . Impers.: do muintir in fhir atathar do crochad, PH 3172 . Used redundantly: int Ísu oc a raba Hiruath d'iarraid, 2841 . in banliccerd occatathar d'iarraid, Anecd. iv p. xvi = oc atathar cuingidh, p. 93 .

With poss. in passive sense: an uair bhíos dá chor amach when he is being evicted, TSh. 794 . go raibhe dá ilchéasadh so that he was being tortured, 564 .

V The construction subst. + do + vn. In sentences of the type (a) ansu liumsa ind oís anechtir dia fius it is more grievous to me that the outland folk should know it, Wb. 16d12 (where ind oís is virtual subject of the vn.) and (b) ní date leu in coimdiu do crochad it is not agreeable to them that the Lord was crucified (lit. to crucify the Lord), 8a6 (where in coimdiu is virtual object of the vn.), the O.Ir. construction is identical; in both sentences the case of the nouns oís , coimdiu is determined by their syntactical relation to the whole sentence, that of subject, while do + vn. stands in syntactical relation not to the whole sentence but to the noun, its function being that of a gerund. Similarly in the sentence: cocarad chaingnimu du denum he loved to do good deeds, Ml. 14a8 , the subst. caingnímu is the object of the sentence while du denum has the meaning for the doing, to be done. Exceptions are, however, frequent, see below. In each of the sections 1-4 the subsection (a) consists of exx. where the subst. is the virtual subject of the vn., (b) of exx. where it is the virtual object.

1 Subst. is subject of the whole sentence and therefore nom. case.

(a) dofórmaich fochricc dosom sochude do creittim tria precept that a multitude has believed through his preaching increaseth the reward for him, Wb. 1b5 . issed as brig la Dia menmae do biuth hi figraib that the mind should be in the symbols, Thes. ii 255.13 . saoth lem int aos leigind do dul ind ifern, ZCP viii 470 . ba lonn lais in mnai cuil do bith oc Hiruath he was indignant that the adulteress should be with H., PH 861 . (Infl. of Lat. accus. and infin. constr.?)

(b) is maith int óis éula do accaldam, Wb. 3c4 . is bésad leusom in fid do thóbu, 5b42 . nipu techta in briathar diadhai . . . do scriphund ind oenluc, Hib. Min. 96 . is cóir ind almsu do thabairt, PH 6136 . With accus. of subst. (in first two exx. perh. dat. for nom.): is ferr dó in almsain do thabairt, PH 4969 (= melius est elimosinam dare, LB 47b55 ). dlegar dínn ar n-imcaissin do thimorcain, PH 6870 . ba machtnadh lasna Felistindaibh na fioru nomarbdais d'faicsin do cathughadh friu, Leb. Gab.(i) 146 .

2 Subst. as object of sentence (rarer in O.Ir.).

(a) nisn-águr dom díchill I do not fear that they will neglect me, Hy. v 105 . rocúala in n-eress cetna do fhorbairt, Thes. ii 311 . ni fitir in mnai dia brath he knew not that the woman was betraying him, SR 3207 . rocuala Sattan in uli noemu do shubugud, PH 3819 . With nom. for accus.: cuirfid [diabul] na boill d'fhognum do fén, 7799 . atfét Lucás aingil do thidecht do nim, 3043 .

(b) cocarad chaingnimu du denum, Ml. 14a8 . itconnacabar bar náimtiu do bádud, PH 1713 . forcongair D. cnamu do thabairt hi cuthi, 1219 . With nom. for accus.: atbert fria múintir int apstal do thuarcain, PH 2141 . atbert Ner na hapstail do cúibrech, 1858 . atcondairc-som ind figeill . . . do dílgud, Mon. Tall. § 22 .

3 Subst. is governed by a prep.

(a) for riaguil do buith isnaib anmanaib-se dotėt híc he touches on the fact that there is a rule, Sg. 108a3 . fre terci . . . do tecmung, Mon. Tall. § 12 .

(b) hua anmmaim ailiu do thórmuch friss, Sg. 30b4 . Cain Patraic . . . cen chleirciu do marbad, Thes. ii 306 . tria doirse . . . na cathrach do forbrissiud, SR 5348 . ar meisge ó chaoraibh na fíneamhna d'ithe, TSh. 8421 .

4 Subst. in genitive relation to sentence.

(a) cui[n]chid flaithiusa Dé do thuidecht, PH 7907 .

(b) cen imcabáil `cum nobis' do epirt, Sg. 203a8 . ruc leis tásc a muintiri do marbad do E., FB § 69 . tar cend cissa ┐ indmussa do thabairt do, PH 51 . ré linn choróine do chur ar an impire, TSh. 661 .

5 The construction subst. + do + vn. may be used absolutely with force of the Lat. gerundive: ind .u. do accomol frisin fers ṅdédenach the `u' is to be added, Sg. 136a2 . um do glanad i nderiud ferso `um' is to be elided, 136a1 . Hence in continuation of prec. clause: dia n-oscailter in chomla sa ┐ diabul do ligad istech if . . . and the devil be admitted, PH 7797 . is mairg thic annsa saegul-sa ┐ na huilc-si do thecht trit, 7791 .

6 Subst. + do + vn. replacing finite tenses (esp. in annals): Góidil immorro do rad dib o Goediul Glas they are called G., Thes. ii 316 . Lugaig du gabail rige nErenn took the kingship of Ireland, MacCarthy 306 . bellum do madhmaim for hU Fiachrach, AU 815 .

B Introducing a dative.

I Introducing indirect object (generally name of a person).

(a) With trans. vbs. denoting giving, granting, assigning, offering, etc.: do-beir, daimid, do-indnaig, dálaid etc. (see under individual vbs.). With vbs. of telling, revealing, promising, etc.: in-fét (ad-fét), as-indet, (Mid. Ir. indissid), do-adbat, do-airchain, etc. Under the same head may be placed cases like: hore doninfedam etargne Crist do chách we inspire in all, Wb. 14d32 ; do Christ cachain ailli unto C. he sang praise, Fél. Apr. 26 . Exceptionally with as-beir says: asbert G. do na feoldenmaigib, PH 1432 . With vbs. of ordering, commanding, advising, etc.: lasse forcongur fírinni dúib, Wb. 19d25 . rohordaig in guth dona nemdaib, SR 606 . ro erb don mac mebrugud a aiccepta, Fél. p. 12 . molaid do advises (but molaid + acc. praises ). With vbs.of forgiving, remitting: dorolaig Dia do in n-uaill dorigni, Ml. 50d15 . romaith C. a dá trían . . . dá thigernu, LL 111b40 ( RC xiv 430 ). With vbs. of asking, entreating, praying, etc.: frecre do neoch immechomarcar duit, Sg. 197b10 . condartin do arrogáid dom what he asked of me, 209b26 . cech ní rochuinges do Dia, Thes. ii 318.39 . With vbs. of ascribing, referring, imputing, etc.: a n-adruirmed do Abracham what has been reckoned unto A., Wb. 2d7 . duaisilbi do a scribend, Thes. ii 225.28 . So also with as-beir ascribes; assigns (a name), calls: asbeir-som a n-accobor don spirut, Wb. 4b3 . ní eperr acht hilar dóib do-gres (referring to Gemini), Sg. 73a11 . is airi asberthe emisarius don buc the goat was called `emissarius', Tur. 110e . Similarly with vbs. of naming, gairmid, ainmnigid. With vbs. of allowing: issamlid léicfimmi-ni doibsom aisndis, Ml. 14d10 . nir fulaing d'ēnduine a glacudh, ZCP ix 248 . With vbs. of causing, doing (someth. to someone): imfolngi comrorcain do sochaidi, Ml. 56b9 . dogní trumai ndo causes heaviness to it, 20a19 . Of comparing, adapting, etc.: ithé sidi conṅdelggaddar do persanaib, Sg. 39a11 . dligid is entitled to takes do (later de) of pers. (see dligid).

(b) Freq. in intrans. constr. with vbs. denoting to serve, yield, obey; rule; oppose, injure, offend; satisfy, please; believe, trust; thank (atluchedar buide); assent; greet; answer, correspond; suit; indulge, spare, pity, etc.; deny, refuse (a number of these verbs show other constructions also, see s.v.): bad dú Dia fognem gl. Domino servientes, Wb. 5d19 . roirladigsetar genti do hiriss, 7c16 . sléchtid Isserninus du Pátricc, Thes. ii 241 . Currech Life . . . is terc rí dia rodamain to whom he yielded, Metr. Dinds. iii 234 . tigernaigit ┐ follamnaigit do na cóic gradaib , PH 6242 . cor urchoidigh a truma dóibh, CCath. 2075 . manu toltnaiged do, Sg. 72b6 . rochreitset do precept, Wb. 24d23 . atluchur do Dia, 3b19 . an olcc dia cocéitbani to which thou consentest, 1c10 . co robennach cach díb dia chele, Thes. ii 335 . frisgair in testemin-se dondaib dligedaib, Sg. 193b6 . immidaircet do Christ which are appropriate to C., Ml. 2d4 . arcessi do neoch bes meldach less, Wb. 4c19 . dlomis Fíacc dóib, Thes. ii 242 . Also with vbs. of happening, befalling, meeting, etc. , including certain cases of intrans. vbs. of motion: ni do cach brethir tecming persona not all vbs. have personal inflection, Sg. 161a1 . is ann dorala dosom a denam, Thes. ii 299 . amal forcoémnacair do Loegairiu, FB § 83 . doroacht saegul sír damsa, Ériu iv 132 . intan tanic dó lobrai, Thes. ii 318 .

(c) With many adjs. and abstracts denoting proximity, likeness, equality, identity and their opposites; relationship; figurative relations (fitness, propriety, possession, etc.) and feelings (in sense towards, Lat. erga). In many cases it is hard to decide whether the ex. belongs to this or the following section (II): is nesa do geintib, Wb. 2b17 . fri praenomen cosmail do, Sg. 28a15 . is cotarsne don dúalig in sualig, Wb. 9b8 . immar-bdais meic dó, PH 4097 . húere atta mbrāthir dūnd since they are kinsmen of ours, ZCP viii 316 . combat irlithi geinti do hiriss obedient to the faith, Wb. 7c14 . is do is dír anní is psalmus , Hib. Min. 281 . is foluss dún it is evident to us, Sg. 40b14 . rop trócar rí nime dún, Hy. vi 23 . do bhádar cennsa do Chiarán, SG 3 . serc Dǽ dúibsi et for serc-si do Dia `God's love to you' (rather your love for God, etc. , see III (c) below), Wb. 18b21 . is miscuis do Dia, 3d33 . écennais . . . do na pecdachaib, PH 3478 . do marbadh iad ó esgcáirdib dhóib by enemies of theirs, SG 7 .

(d) After certain interjections: monuar dhamh, BS 40 . ach ach do ail alas for the stone! LL 181a32 . ach do phéin, ACL iii 236 § 10 . uch d'aithis, LB 106b57 . uchachan . . . don gabad fil ar mo chinn, ACL iii 233 . fochen duit a Loig, SCC § 16 (cf. fochen Conall . . . fochen Cet, IT i 103 , 104 ). mochen duib, IT i 99 .

II Introducing the person (or thing) interested in an action, state, event, or circumstance.

1 Dat. of interest in strict sense (including the dativus commodi vel incommodi) after vbs., substantives, and adjs.

(a) fo besad fir trebuir crenas tíir dia chlaind, Wb. 29d23 . condaig indocbáil dia thigerni et non sibi ipsi , 8d20 . roshuidig . . . manistir dó (= sibi monasterium conlocavit), Lat. Lives 91 . tafnetar coin alta dí wolves hunted (it) for her, Hy. v 60 . ni accim maith dúib I see no good for you, TBC-LL¹ 1780 . noco treciub duit . . . immāin tāna bó Cualṅge I will not abandon for thy sake, 1661 . dona hurtroighib rodolba Banba do macaib Miled which B. fashioned for (= against) the sons of M., Corm. Y 949 (dat. incomm.). nech diuscai debuith dia brathair who stirs up mischief against, Ériu vii 162 . cuimnigidh . . . do clandaibh Cuinn a n-anuabhar remember against, ZCP xiv 229 .

Freq. with parts of body, somet. in combination with a poss. pron.: ní forroim cid drisiuc for toind dó, TBC-I¹ 1206 . co rogab sonn in dúne dóib dar sróin, Metr. Dinds. iii 82 . gebid dúrna dar a gnúis dó, PH 2331 .

The dat. incommodi is freq. after vbs. (both trans. and intrans.) denoting a hostile movement, attack, etc.: dosleic dóib he shoots at them, SCC § 7 . focherd N. aurchor dó, TBC-I¹ 1292 . rodibairg in ngai dó, RC iii 178 . atraig cech fer di alailiu, IT i 67 . dús in fagbad . . . taidbsiu (leg. taidbsin?) do thir na talmain, SR 2584 , cf. 5823 . mairfit Ulaid a mblechtach do gressaib ┐ glammaib . . . dar cend a n-enig the U. will kill their milch-kine (to ward off) attacks and lampoons (in Folge von Beleidigungen und Satiren, Wind.), TBC-LL¹ 1737 .

(b) After nouns and adjs.: rop ámm tusmeda do mnái in rig, Lat. Lives 66 . oénach diar n-ócaib a gathering-place for our youths, Metr. Dinds. ii 80 . lx bliadan robo lān do Patraic, Thes. ii 313 . ba terc cach n-adbar dó, Imr. Brain i 52 . in lám is dílmain dom my disengaged hand, Fél. p. 200 . Esp. after a subst. employed as pred. with the copula: sóire do chách ar sóire-ni, Wb. 14b11 . togu damsa aní sin, Thes. ii 225.18 . issi in bānmartre du duiniu, 247 . ní lesainm dait Cuculaind, FB § 11 . anas muir glan don nói . . . is mag meld . . . damsa, Imr. Brain § 34 .

Note also: attroilli dúnn delegi (= diligi) a nobis he deserves of us to be loved by us, Wb. 2d13 . is doib-sin rochan in senchaid of them the shanachie has sung, Fianaig. 4 . sir in baile . . . don litin search the town for the porridge, SG 243 . do bhatur . . . ag iarraidh Erenn do scela Tana, ZCP ix 244 . atcondairc-siom ind figeill . . . do dílgud i Tamlachti do Chaindech excused for (in honour of) C., Mon. Tall. § 22 .

2 After the copula folld. by an adj. or abstract denoting what is desirable, advantageous, usual, fit, lawful, right, indifferent, necessary, etc. , or the reverse, for a person, the virtual subject being generally a vn., infinitive phrase or clause, e.g. is áil (maith, olc, mairg, bés, gnáth, cet, cóir, dliged, geiss, cumme, écen, etc.) dó; further in a variety of expressions such as: is fír (gó) dó; is cian (éim, fota, mithid) dó. For exx. see these words, and cf. further: nír fhírda dó dul don chath, SR 6903 . ba féliu duit th'immfholuch oldás teiched it were nobler for you to hide yourself, TBC-LL¹ 1973 . is col dúin dia foirglem it is a sin for us to assert it, Fél. Ep. 98 . cathugud ceilgi as clē dūind, ACL iii 327 § 30 . ni hidan lais dondhí da taberr a thaechtad he does not consider it clean dealing for the person . . . to keep it, Mon. Tall. § 41 . Contrast: is maith dom it is good for me with is m. limm I deem it a good thing: is lesc lim-sa inní sin, bar C., teiched ria n-oenfer . . . Ni lesc ám duit-siu ón, bar F., dáig techfet-sa remut-su, TBC-LL¹ 2875 . ní ba fochen leu a forcital the teaching will not be welcome to them, Wb. 30d7 . is fochen dóib they are welcome, IT i 99 . is ced dó a bith marb masa ced ra Dia let him die (lit. he has leave to die) if God permits, Moling § 62 . in annso is áil duit airisiumh? — Massedh as áil le Dia, as ann, BNnÉ 17 § 30 . in tol damsa . . . anadh sunn? is it (God's) will for me to remain here? 79 § 152 .

3 Used as the Lat. dativus ethicus (dative of pers. interested in a statement) with an imperative; only with pronouns: an dún we pray thee to wait, CRR § 6 . apair dam fri mac Saráin, Ériu iii 96 § 1 . teilg-su dún orchur forru, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 32 . ling dūinn lēim dona lēimennuibh sin rolingthea, BS 62 .

4 Used with subst. vb. to denote loosely possession, appurtenances, etc. ; freq. with an adv. of place, in which case it is hardly to be distinguished from cases given under II 1 (a) above: issed file do hodie this is (the form) it has at present, Sg. 140a3 . ataat ilsenman dosuidiu it has many sounds, Wb. 12c46 . dechor inna pían bete donaib pecthachaib, 13c26 . fail a mor-abba dam I have good cause, TBC-LL¹ 219 . ni bia tarba do draidechta duit, PH 2187 . ni be mundteras dó fri banscala let him have no friendship with women, Mon. Tall. § 61 . Exceptionally with copula: ? combed doib foraithmet bed torbach that there should be to them a profitable recollection, Ml. 23a2 . bid duit rige Lagen co brath, Thes. ii 341.19 . céinmair dia mba findchride, Imr. Brain § 28 .

5 With subst. vb. in the idiom: atú dó I am concerned with him, have to deal with him, generally with hostile significance I am angry with him, have something against him; oft. in impers. constr.: ished inso romboth dossom that is why they were angry with him, Wb. 19a9 , cf. 5b31 . is hed dathar dún gl. maledicimur quod speramus, 28d4 , cf. 21c9 . ni nach cin aile notaid dom it is for no other fault you are hostile to me, 19d26 . cid tai-siu don mac? what have you against the lad? TBC-LL¹ 1041 , cf. 940 , 1144 . rohinnisedh dó in fāth 'ma rabas dó, Moling § 51 . cidh 'ma bfuile damh?, ZCP x 10 . tacram a scel . . . atái dam `the matter with which thou reproachest me', Ériu vii 225 . The idiom: cid di atái? what ails thee? LL 202a9 , where do is used with neut. rel. pron., may perhaps rather be explained as an elliptical construction under the head A II; as also the later idiom: gá táim dó (why should I dwell on it?): furtacht Banba . . . gá ttá mé dho . . . ag so an té dar tairrngireadh, 3 C 3, 633.11 .

6 Used with ellipse of copula in the interrogation cid dó . . . ? why (does) he . . . ? (lit. what is it to him? with emphasis on pron.): cid dait gan a gabail aní gabas cách? why dost thou not take . . . ? TBC-LL¹ 3042 . cid dún can techt i n-agid Conculaind? why should we not go? TBC-I¹ 1484 (LU). cid duit mo ṡarugadh-sa do dhenamh?, ZCP viii 553 . cid dait-siu ná bad lat in curathmír why shouldst not thou have the champion's bit? FB § 8 .

7 Often used in impers. constr. after the copula to introduce the virtual subj. when the predicate is (a) an adverbial expression, or somet. (b) an adj., or (c) an interrog. adv.

(a) ní úainni duib-si ye are not from us, Wb. 18b9 . ní i n-óen diaithir doib they are not in one orbit, BCr. 18d5 . fora fóessam dún may we be under their protection, Hy. v 106 . bá doigh leo comad a sídib di, TE § 5 ( IT i 120 ). fa righ ┐ sagart Melcisideic ┐ mar an gceudna do Chríost, Eochairsg. 26 . Especially after DE followed by noun in pl. to denote class to which the virtual subject belongs (see Bergin, Ériu xi 149 ): de Iudéib do Barnaip, di geintib do Thit B. was a Jew, T. a Gentile, Wb. 18d6 . di Grecaib dóib huili, Sg. 31b2 . robo do mnáib glicca in domain di, Acall. 7426 . Note also: is de corpore dissi (i.e. the eye), Wb. 12a26 . Freq. joined with expressions of time, the copula being omitted: bliadain lan dó oc tinól na flede, FB § 1 . for tuili doib . . . cethracha lá ┐ aidche, SR 2523 , cf. 4820 .

(b) ní segda dom, Trip.² 1765 . madh calma duitsiu inā dósom if thou art more valiant than he, Ériu v 152 . conadh treisi don toictiu inas duin that Fate is stronger than we, CCath. 4072 .

(c) can duibse? whence are ye? Sg. 242a2 . can deit a ingen? TE § 5 ( IT i 120 ). cinnas do a rad . . . ? why should he say . . .?, Thes. ii 311.19 . cinnus do sluagh tire Temrach? how is it with the host . . .?, Snedg. u. Mac R 12 .

8 Freq. used after vbs. in impers. construction, esp. compds. with imm- denoting reciprocal action: ní 'manacige dó frim-sa he shall not see me, Ériu ii 194 . comorogaib dóib a ndís the pair grappled with each other, Metr. Dinds. iii 82 . imatarla doib, Anecd. v 11 . imatarraid dūn, ib. immotaéth dóib both sides will fall, LL 275a30 . immacomsinitar dóib, FB § 38 . With intrans. vbs.: ó thánic dóib co dérgud, FB § 80 . ó do chomraic dóib i n-aeninud when they met, SG 360 . anais don Caillin i Tul[aig] C. remained, Fen. 180 . With subst. vb.: fil dún ó thossuch dúle cen áiss we are without age, Imr. Brain § 44 . fochtus Diarmait innus na bé ndi, RC xi 129 . Cf. further: robá-sa i n-imṡnim mor . . . co roglé dam till I arrived at a decision, IT i 98 . co roglé dó a caithim uile, BNnÉ 300 . co tair damh-sai aislingi . . . d'indisin duit till I have finished telling you my dream, MacCongl. 117 . With ellipse of vb.: as tir duit get thee out of the country, RC xx 24 . dún sís dond ath down with us to the ford, TBC-I¹ 1193 . dochum na chuchdiri dóib, Mon. Tall. § 12 .

III Introducing agent after passive (finite), verbal of necess., and (most freq.) vn.

(a) After pass. vb.: imberthar fidcella dún let us play chess, SCC § 3 . toirimt[h]er tōraind in lis don mnái, Corm. Y 502 . doberar dam duid gid ni nar chuindgis thou shalt receive from me, YBL 167a4 . doces do co roba ben he perceived (it seemed to him?) that it was a woman, Todd Nenn. 210 . cumachta na flatha dia tardad in fín, LL 282b3 `by whom the wine was given', Meyer, GJ iv 217 .

(b) After verbal of necess. and participial adjs. compounded with in-: ní tabarthi dímess do neoch for nach n-énirt, Wb. 6c19 . ni denti duib-si anisin, Ml. 82a7 . connarb inríata dó in chonar, FB § 36 . is inchreidte dóibh they ought to believe, Eochairsg. 21.34 .

(c) After vn. both of trans. and intrans. vbs.: airitiu colno do Christ, Wb. 31d2 . tre atlogud buide donaib nóibaib thanksgiving by the saints, 17a3 . slige dund aingiul inna nAssar the slaying of the A. by the angel, Ml. 16c12 . rena richtin du Pool before P. reached it, Thes. i 495 ( Ardm. 107b ). fer do marbad do Moise, SR 3726 . scrin Dochoma do briseadh doaibh, AU 797 . (Intrans. vb.) magthad lasuidiu cretem do geintib, Wb. 5a1 . oc techt dam dar Maig L., SCC § 34 . buid domsa i n-iriss, Wb. 5b20 . iure feidligthe disi i n-ógi by the principle of its remaining in integrity, Sg. 16a14 .

With IAR and vn.: iarna grísad dond araid on being urged on by the charioteer, FB § 43 . iar ndiultad do Petar a thigerna, PH 605 . iar mbeith ceangailte d'ár lámhaibh (= ligatis manibus), TSh. 6762 . ar gclos a anma d'Éirinn, SG 1 .

do-urnestar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-urnestar or dil.ie/18543

 

v is esium d.¤ iat isna grádaib a fuilet appointed them, O'D. 1693 ( H 5.15 31a ). aní doruirnestur sruithe, 533 ( H 3.17 431 ). See oirdnid.

1 dul

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 dul or dil.ie/19189
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: daul, doul, dol, dula, dola, dol, dula, dola, dula, dola, dulta, dolta, dul, dol, dula, dola

vn. of 1 téit. daul, Mon. Tall. 136.2 , 146.17 . doul, TFerbe 14 Eg. ( IT iii 549 ). dol (freq.). g s. dula, Wb. 5b29 . dola, Keat. iii 1966 . dol (ar omun d.¤ ), ACL iii 233.4 (nom. for gen.). In later lang. also dula, dola: a s. dula, SR 1395 , 2393 , 6088 ( dúla, 3505 ); TBC-I¹ 1487 , 2416 , 2425 , 2474 ; TBC-LL¹ 4127 ; PH 446 , 2527 , etc.; dola, LL 7317 ; Ériu ii 178.25 . g s. dulta, TSh. 6975 ; Eochairsg. 4.32 . dolta, TSh. 866 . dul dol m., IGT Decl. § 95 . dula dola m., § 2 . Verbs § 8 .

Going, to go , of motion in general; in O.Ir. used beside 1 techt as vn. of 1 téit; in later lang. replaces 1 techt, which gradually comes to mean coming (cf. SR 6119 : im dul r[e]ut . . . no thecht ar cúl dorise).

I In O.Ir. with obj. gen., representing trans. use of 1 téit: do dul martre to go to martyrdom, Wb. 4b21 . Cf. 26d8 . do dul báis, 16a3 . Cf. also: gan bas do dul, Lec. 346b31 . ré fer ná ré mnái dá dhul | ní gabtar int aracul against man or woman that seeks to enter it the retreat is never closed, SG 245 .

II Later always intrans. with subj. gen. or more oft. with DO of agent.

(a) In lit. sense: rop ḟerr léo dola lé andas airisem, LL 221b32 ( TTr. 334 ). tri d.¤ isna lucu arda going into high places, Ml. 23d23 . d.¤ for sét, Hy. i Pref . ( Thes. ii 299 ). d.¤ for insib mara, ib. d.¤ dar muir, Hy. ii 8 Comm. ( Thes. ii 310 ). d.¤ ar astar to go on a journey, BS 106 . ar ndol tar sáile, 30 . oc dula do chath, Ériu ii 130 . im dula isin comruc, TBC-I¹ 2146 . d.¤ i céin, SR 6186 . d.¤ i nEgept, 3796 . ba ferr lim dola i n-a dail | indas a ndail mná baithe I had rather go to meet it, IT iii 16 . ic d.¤ ar a ech mounting his horse (riding ?), Cog. 144 . d.¤ for ar múraibh to scale our ramparts, CCath. 1678 . With subj. gen.: far nd.¤ co nem, SR 1095 (= d.¤ dúib for neam, MacCarthy 48 ). ba n-espa do chach d.¤ int slógaid the setting out of the foray, TBC-I¹ 164 (on the foray ?). atbert G. a ndola na teachta ar cenn milead that the ambassadors should go for soldiers, Todd Nenn. 84 . dislocatio .i. d.¤ baild as a ionadh, 3 C 19, 46rb25 . ar nd.¤ gilla ar chúiltib clúim, IGT Decl. ex. 688 .

(b) With extension of meaning act of proceeding, setting about (doing something), entering (on a state), and in various fig. senses: d.¤ dochumm na bethad suthaine, PH 7296 . d.¤ i mbás, 402 ; Laws v 296.16 . d.¤ for cel to die, SR 2095 . do daul do ēcaib, Mon. Tall. 146 . ic dol fria bás, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 10 n. Isu Crist . . . do dh.¤ for recht n-imdibe, PH 5641 . in fer leginn do d.¤ a n-espucoidecht, Laws i 58 Comm. d.¤ isan Eagluis to enter the Church (take orders), Donlevy 336 . senoir aesta ac d.¤ i n-aibid oifrinn donning , Grail 3395 . d.¤ a ndealbaib con, RC xxiv 174 . go d.¤ don fíon fa berbadh till the wine begins to boil, 24 P 32, 177.15 . bágaim mo d.¤ dia labrad I proclaim that I am going to speak of them, Metr. Dinds. iii 330 . Of things: crich do d.¤ for in forbann rechtaide, PH 3450 . go feadh an dísle do dh.¤ till the time of the dice going, i.e. till the game begins (?), KMMisc. 246 . In impers. constr.: na mnā bīos torrach ag dol chum an earraigh when spring is drawing on, 23 K 42, 31.17 . In Laws act of going as pledge, forfeit, etc.: d.¤ risin ní ro cotaimsiged to go security for the thing which was fixed, iv 34 Comm. (cf. dul fri cath to go security for battle, Triads 235 ). gach cin dogni duine . . . is a dh.¤ féin inn mana bé éiric oca he himself goes for it (i.e. becomes forfeit?), Laws iv 250 Comm. is a nd.¤ a fiachuibh in fechemun (the animals) shall go to liquidate the debt, ii 4.7 Comm. , cf. 9 . in mór do d.¤ ar in mbec that the much should go (to pay) for the little, SG 401 . d.¤ ar ríg to go security for a king, Triads 235 .

(c) In combination with prepp. or advbs. in a variety of idioms: With AR: ar ndol aige ar a dtreabhaibh | do roinn Brian ar Gaoidhealaibh when he got hold of their dwellings, Content. v 74 . With abstr. noun: d.¤ ar neifní vanishing , O'Gr. Cat. 254 . ic dola ar dible ┐ ar dásacht, MR 200 .

With AS going out, exit: ma d.¤ asin (sic leg.) drochcolaind, ACL iii 240 § 38 . go maireann drithle gan d.¤ as without being extinguished, O'Gr. Cat. 473 . Escaping: Niall do d.¤ ass a niort a gaisccidh, AFM iii 452 . gur fíu sibh d.¤ as ó na neithibh-si uile atá chum teachda, Luke xxi 36 . Dying: nochar gabh céile mur Cathal | Eire ar ndol a athar as, KMMisc. 170 . See (d) below.

With CO cohabiting: d.¤ co fer, Lism. L. 1338 ; O'Dav. 746 . in daer, masa bean saer fuil aice, ata eneclann do a n[d]ul cuici is entitled to honour-price for another's cohabiting with her, Laws v 514 Comm. Bennán . . . romarb Ibel mac M. i nd.¤ co a mnai, SG ii 480 .

With DE: ced an chuirp . . . fuair an t-eslan gan dol de | ó coimhthional na cille the sick man got permission (to touch the saint's) body without any reservation (revoke?), BNnÉ 277 . Diocletian . . . is Maximen . . . cia rostairned ria nd.¤ de though they were abased ere they went hence (i.e. died?), Lec. 47b49 . ag sin do chruth ar ndol díot you have lost your beauty, Dánta Gr. 11.12 .

With DO: buiden do bochtaibh | ag dol do ghorta gan biadh, BNnÉ 149 . gé atú ar ndol do ghorta overcome with hunger, Duan. F. i 86 (in these exx. possibly do = de, with dul = to die, perish , see below). mo náire a dhol dod dhíoghbháil that it should harm thee, Dánta Gr. 39.20 .

With FO: dol fona grádaib coiserctha to take holy orders, RC xii 324 . d.¤ fo gradaib , Hy. ii Pref . d.¤ fo graid n-ep[s]coip, Mon. Tall. 134 . d.¤ fo láim n-epscoip to be confirmed (?), Ériu i 218 . d.¤ fāi na grēine sunset , Ir. Astr. Tr. 4 . fuinedh, d.¤ faoi, Eg. Gl. 319 . Attacking, falling on: ac faicsin di in mic thíre ac dulu (leg. -a?) fó na caerib, SG 391 . d.¤ fúinne nír bhfheirde a chiall | go raibhe a fhios ag Uilliam | nách díghealuinn m'fhíoch nó m'fholc, 3 C 13, 802.11 .

With FRI turning to, taking up (an occupation, etc.): truag . . . do dol re dán alas that thou tookest to the bardic art, O'Gr. Cat. 361 . go raibh mórán diobh ag dul re díomhaoinios, PCT 1145 . ? cred nach n-aithninn a chúl cas | do dhul re[a] mhaicne do mheas, Rel. Celt. ii 242 .

With I N- act of entering on (a state); tending to, becoming (esp. folld. by an abstr.): dol a tuarustul to enter military service (take pay), Cog. 50 . do d.¤ i seilbh chóroine na Sacsan, Keat. iii 5385 . an creideamh do dh.¤ i mbáthadh, 5492 . in doman do dh.¤ a ṅdíth air, PH 7583 . nirb' ail les a subaltaidhe d'foillsiughadh . . . d'ecla a nd.¤ a nglóir dimhain dó lest they should lead him to vainglory, BCC § 395 . dón droing bís ag d.¤ a n-esláinti, O'Gr. Cat. 200 . do d.¤ a n-eitice to fall into consumption, 270 . d.¤ a gcnaoi (id.), 3 C 19, 18ra23 . da raibh . . . in t-inad ar nd.¤ a ufistula if the spot has become ulcerated; 115vb13 . ag d.¤ a ttirma becoming dry, 90va13 . ag d.¤ a ngiri getting shorter , Ir. Astr. Tr. 86 . Rarely folld. by pl.: bai an t-iarla . . . acc dol i ndaoinibh diaidh i ndiaidh gaining more and more people (adherents), AFM vi 2082 .

With Ó act of escaping from: muna caemnacar d.¤ uad cin a marbu, Laws v 148 Comm. ní bhfuil d.¤ agam ó'n éag, Oss. vi 56 . ó nach bhféadaim d.¤ ón mbás, Dánta Gr. 42.19 .

With TAR act of going beyond, exceeding, transgressing: miosúr maith . . . ag d.¤ thairis running over , Luke vi 38 . cen dula dar séis no smacht, SR 2393 . a dula . . . darm' thimna (of Adam), 1395 . In sense of dul as: gan d.¤ tairis ag aonduine without escape for anyone from it (death), TSh. 2696 .

With TRE: dul tria aitiri, Críth G. 306 `violating his suretyship', Gloss. íar ndul triit, 549 `after it has leaked out', Gloss.

d.¤ amach act of getting out, release: ní d.¤ amach duit go lá 'n bhráth, Oss. vi 30 . togairmid an sceathrach ┐ and d.¤ amach purgation (?), 3 C 22, 22a30 . da raib dul amach air, dentar ceirin do cuimin ┐ dfinegra ... Et da raib uiresbaid dul amach air dentar gaeithi mela do, Irish Texts v 46 § 30 . d.¤ istech: dobeir d.¤ asteach do bhriathar solus the entrance of Thy words giveth light, Psalms cxix 130 . d.¤ ar agaid to advance, progress: d.¤ air aghaidh ansna subháilcibh, Donlevy 174 . d.¤ ar (for) cúl: ag d.¤ ar cúl abating (of a fever), O'Gr. Cat. 234 . iar ndol na siodha for ccul after the peace had been set aside, AFM vi 2054 .

(d) act of being lost, passing away, dying (= dul as, see above): ferr oenfer dont slog do d.¤ | indá in mór do mudugud, SR 6983 (cf. 2 Samuel xx 16 - 21 ). dá trian fer nErenn do dhula, SG 21 . ní uair dimiad re ndula at her decease, Metr. Dinds. iii 434 . ria ndol d'Aodh mór mac D., O'Gr. Cat. 354 . mar bhís a ndán do dhroing d.¤ since it is the destiny of people to pass away, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 150 . go dol í Néill to the death of O'Neill, 164 . do dith Diarmata . . . ┐ d'esbaid Duib da cond . . . ┐ do d.¤ Dithrubaigh, Acall. 3983 . dobhéar sa neamh dhuit iar nd.¤ , 3 C 12, 26.17 . ní bhiadh muna mbeith an dán | . . . | fios deighfhir ar n-a dhola, Ir. Syll. Poetry 80 § 13 .

(e) proceeding, course, manner ; an extension of lit. sense, cf. Wb. 33a5 ; rubu fer-som muintere; maith dano d.¤ humal obedient conduct (?) (but see ZCP xvii 224 ). So in chevilles: aurdairc d.¤ , SR 4061 , cf. 4735 . dochtaid d.¤ , 7239 . guid iar fird.¤ . . . im dílgud dot' immarbos, 1607 . fo dóer-ban d.¤ `after the fashion of low-born women', Metr. Dinds. iii 376 . lasin fear iga raibi in d.¤ gaeth the man who had the wise course, Auraic. 500 . is deg-d.¤, or in fer well-said, bravo , LL 282b2 . ní bú amlos | dósom in d.¤ duthracair, | ascnam sech péin hi pardos to him the way he has wished was great gain, Liad. and Cuir. 24 .

With FO and art.: dond ingin . . . nó dia cholin fon d.¤ toisech according to the first way (of explaining it), Wb. 10b20 . di doiri Babelone rogabad fon d.¤-so according to this interpretation, Ml. 133b1 . fun d.¤ nisiu, 53a8 . See next section.

(f) occasion, time, turn: [arin] scribund roscribad in d.¤-so, Sg. 202a (Thes. ii p. xxi). in d.¤ so this time , TBC-I¹ 754 . ala d.¤ on another occasion , Laws i 216.31 Comm. is fo infinit dutiagar fun d.¤ so in this case, Ml. 101c6 . tabhradh sochraide Laighean leis don d.¤-sa on this occasion, ML 56 . créad do thug don d.¤ so thú?, Oss. iv 94 . ní mían riom d.¤ bhur bfhéachain anois don d.¤ sa, 1 Corinth. xvi 7 . don dula sin on that occasion, then , CCath. 458 . nír bó ciúin dóibh don d.¤ soin, AFM iii 226 , v 1468 . a gabail fa dó décc . . . ┐ pater i forbhu cech dula at the end of each recital (of a prayer), BNnÉ 92 . Aodha . . . nár claoidheadh i n-aon d.¤ , O'Rah. xxxv 43 . lind nach serg-therc fri sam-d.¤ at summer-tide , Metr. Dinds. iii 338 .

(g) As quasi-conj., so that; because, since , usually with art.: in d.¤ atchi-side `because he perceives it', Wb. 25a37 . d.¤ ní fír a ndurairngert `so that what he has promised is untrue', 30b3 . in d.¤ bidh coimtig mo lecht since my grave will be frequented, Fianaig. 16 . cid fris-n-aragar aithgabail cūicthi in d.¤ is gnāthu do grēs oldās cach athgabail? why is stay attached to the distress of five days since it is more usual . . ., Laws i 250 . in duil is Críst cech óigi since every guest is Christ, Ériu ii 172 .

Compd.: ¤brass swift in course; ech d., TBC-LL¹ 3380 . See also dulta.

eterdeligud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. eterdeligud or dil.ie/20802
Last Revised: 2019

 

u, m. (vn. of eterdeligid)

(a) parting, separating (from): is i dana a met rochar cach dib araili co narbo duthracht leo eterdeliugadh etarru co bas, LL 402b25 = TTr.² 501 . gur mhithid don Fhéin eidir-dhealughadh, Acall. (Leabh. ó Laimhsgr.) ii 131.20 . With Ó, keeping (from), holding back (from): ac eterdeligud a mic ón chathugud holding back, dissuading TTebe 2760 . With DO, separating off (for), dedicating (to): íad féin d' edirdhealughadh don tighearna to separate (i.e. consecratethemselves unto the Lord Numbers vi 2 .

(b) distinction, distinguishing, differentiating, dividing between : ga itirdeliugud no itirdethbireagad do nach du gradaib feni...acht du na gradaib flatha making the distinction that it is not for the Féne grades... Laws v 42.1 Comm. do ḟuicfed senchus cacha criche ┐ ...eterdeiliugud cacha fine accaind, Acall. 2948 . o roairigset in t-eitirdeiliugud sin in lai ┐ na haidche separation of day and night (of sunrise) CCath. 4435 . etardeliugud `a distinguishing' Auraic. 845 . int athfegadh...etardelighthi no edarderscaigthe rodealbh Dia eter duilib the consideration of...variety and distinction 915 . an t-eidirdhealughadh atá idir an dá shingin úd the difference (distinction) TSh. 3225 . amhail atá idirdhealughadh idir na peacadhaibh = peccatorum differentiae 6480 . ionnus lé heidirdhealughadh éigin go mbiadh deithfir eatorra some means of distinction Keat. ii 6020 . go bhfuil eadardhealughadh eidir í féin ┐ na ceithre heilemeintidhe eile, Corp. Astron. 36.7 . ní dhearna sé éidirdhealughadh eadruinne ┐ iad, Acts xv 9 . ní bhfuil eidirdhealughadh ann, Romans iii 20 . an t-eidirdhealughadh ata idir pheannaide gach droinge, Rule of Tallaght § 52 . scéla...┐ turtechta ┐ eitirdeilighthi in catha distinctions CCath. 4308 .

fáenan

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fáenan or dil.ie/21025

 

Forms: fáonan

adv., in Laws in phr.: f.¤ cumma in the same way, likewise: f.¤ cumma (.i. inund lium ro cumad) cid cu ricgi rig in like measure even up to a king Laws v 42.6 f.¤ cuma (.i. inund lium ra cumad) du gradaib ecalsa, 52.23 = fon aen cuma du g. e., 54.1 i 126.25 Comm. 128.5 Comm. foenan cumu, ii 160.8 . fáonan coir cosmhail, Ériu xiii 14 . faenan (faonan v.l.) scor scóthas .i. is cosmail fri mbrechtrad scoth, O'Dav. 1435 . faon .i. faonann .i. ionann, O'Cl. faon dim. fáonan ... for `aon' and `aonán' signifying the same or equal P. O'C. Cf. d'óendán s.v. dán VIII (c). daonnan, SGS i 30 . See óenán.

fénechas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fénechas or dil.ie/21604

 

Forms: fenchas

n o, m. also fenchas (hence by glossators somet. confounded with senchas which was supposed to be derived from it by `cendfochrus,' the substitution of one initial for another, Laws i 32.34 . Auraic. 5384 . fenchas ... is he in gnathach indiu `senchas', ACC § 1 Comm. ( LU 485 ). feanchus .i. seanchus, O'Cl.). The traditional customs and regulations of the Féni taken as a whole, including the body of the ancient law and somet. the ` bérla Féne' ; `native customary law ', Binchy, Críth G. vocab., p. 88 . (Thurneysen, Bürgschaft § 59 n ., renders it `Uberlieferung der Fēni, Irenrecht', and adds that the phr. `ara-chan fēnechus' is used to introduce a legal statement couched in poetic-rhetorical style, a `roscad') : na cuic curu ata taithmechta la Feine .i. ... do reir in feinechais, Laws i 52.23 Comm. is a fenechus (.i. i ssenchus .i. ni i lleabraib ni hi cain) rosuidiged dire lethard do gradaib tuaithe, BCrólige § 5 . dianadbe feinechas (.i. madia roib riar dligidh in fenechais do damthain do), Laws iv 18.21 (20z) . Dist. from Senchus [Már] and Críth Gablach : na se ba fuilit a fut Ḟeinichais, ┐ it inann ┐ na cuig seoit fuilit isin tSenchus, ┐ na se samaisce fuilit isin Crich Gablach, O'Curry 2545 (< Eg. 88, 45 ). amhail isbeir i fut Fenechais : ni nascat cuma comorba, etc., Laws i 186.13 . co n-abuir tall i fut Ḟeineachuis, nach dilius daghrath, etc., ii 270.16 . a cumlechtaib Feine .i. a comslechtib in feinechais, i 182.21 . is fás fenechas i condeilgg ferbb ṅDe the common law is void in comparison with the words of God ACC 52 (= fénechas ic ferbaib Dé, LU 789 ). Corm. Y 584 . tucaid a denma ainceas brethemnais do cuir [leg. chur ?] for Cumain ... iar leghud leighind ┐ nir legh Fenechas roimhe riam, co ndechaid isin tuaisceart dia foglaim, O'Curry 1046 (< H 3.18, 436b ). isat airimda bretha rechta isin feneochus, YBL 183b20 = IT iii 193.11 . ni dēmad fir hĒrenn fīr fear ... na feineachus flatha dūine tar ēis Fhir D. do thuitim linn, ZCP x 297.29 . a lucht imdénma in ḟenchuis `ye that adorn the code of law' Metr. Dinds. iii 54.10 . Féinechas Hérenn : Clúain Húama `the Jurisprudence of Ireland—Cloyne' Triads 12 . Cluain Lethan ardchathair ḟenechais Erenn, LB 206 marg. dobreth ardchennus ┐ comhairle ┐ fenechus Érend do Morann, ZCP xi 64.15 . Seanchus ┐ Feneachus na hEreann do ghlanadh ┐ do scriobhadh ar tteclamadh ... seinleabhar nEreann co haonmaighin, AFM 438 . oide foircetail hi ffeineachus (`i.e., in the Brehon law,' O'Don.) AFM v 1682.15 . M. Mac Aedhagain, sai Erend a mbreithemhnacht fenachais ALC ii 592.3 . breitheamhain ḟéineachais Uladh, Keat. iii 172 . conaimes gart fri féne fáth (.i. féle dhó ar a foáith do rér an ḟéneachais ona feraibh nāraibh), Ériu xiii 51.22 . la Feine ... (... .i. do reir in Feinechais), Laws i 84.23 . Transf. of foreign law and custom : Ailfrid ... ró ordnead recht ┐ féneachus na Saxan, AFM 900 . In wider sense : fenechus (.i. oglachus) ┐ maith do denum friumb duit traditional justice, fair dealing (?) IT iii 242.1 . Cf. cen cop fial fri fenechus `though he be not liberal to warriors' [generous in observing custom (?). Of a niggardly satirist from whom a king is seeking hospitality], Hib. Min. 65.11 . Equated with `bérla Féne' : Berla Feine .i. in Feinechus no araile berla robui ag Feinius ar leith, Auraic. 4622 . goar .i. solus isin Fenic[h]us (no isin Breatnais), 633 . is de asbert in file do Scotaib isin ḟenechus : Conétaigti, etc. LB 146a29 . Cf. Bérla Féine Hérenn : Corcach (with gl. : .i. an iomat breithemhuin ... nó sgol féinechuis ann), Triads 16 .

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