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airegda (-ae)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airegda (-ae) or dil.ie/1917

Forms: airechda

adj io, iā (3 aire). Also airechda. excellent, pre-eminent, notable: is ho Isaác dofuisémthar a síl nairegde, Wb. 4c7 . rann airegde inna anme gl. spiritus, 25c26 . inna ndule nairechdae, Ml. 87b21 . airechta gráda a cossa ┐ a lama, Thr. Ir. Gl. 37.14 = airegdai grāta , Corm. Y 1059 (92.19) . rí amra a.¤ , BDD² 1 . at-chíu flaith n-ard n-aireagdai, 1011 . na trí gillai óca ána a.¤ , MU² 74 . imm rigain . . . n-oiregdha, Aen. 376 . trí éoin a.¤ remarkable , LU 2008 . bá laithi n-airechdae léo-som ind feis Temrach notable , Trip.² 524 . teora gemai airechdai . . . .i. Colum Cille etc., 599 . deilge órda a.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 5684 . na cethri suailche airegdai noble, PH 4608 . na hocht sualchi erechdai, 6850 . fogeba . . . bethaidh n-a.¤ occumsa excellent, CCath. 3341 . a sosadh orduirc oiregda na hEirenn (of Tara), Ériu iii 150 § 1 . dá roicheam don bhrugh fhionnfhuar oireaghdha, DDána 70.18 . sircolladh do denum ar imdhaidh uasail oiredha `stately', ZCP vi 95.4 . is oirighdha aigeanta imchubhaidh do'n ealadhain si, MR 94.13 . feda airegda vowels (of the Ogham alphabet), see fid. principal, leading, first: se nechi a.¤ triasa n-insaigther iffernd, LU 2354 . secht mbaill oirida `seven principal members', Rosa Angl. 130.10 . i ccabhanuibh oireadha ┐ neamhoireadha na hinchinne ventriculis cerebri tam in principalibus quam non principalibus, 23 K 42, 290.7 . Adv. ata folmhughadh leanna fuair go hoireadha ionnta ┐ leanna duib go tanaiste, 392.9 .

Compar.: ciasu airegdu in fer, Wb. 11c17 . ni airegdu a persan som oldaas persan na nabstal olchene, 18d14 . in fót as airechdu són gl. superior gleba, Ml. 37d14 . erechdu són gl. procero, 53a16 . ar ba hairegdu leo a hadnacul hi Cruachain, LU 2915 . Superl.: is ē dēach is airegdamh dīb, Corm. Y 447 (38.9) . dealb is airechdam . . . būi for duine riamh, 1059 (94.13) . With form of compar.: do neoch bá sruthem ┐ ba hairegdu inna caurad, LU 4979 (TBC). int aenduine rob airechda . . . hi comamsir fris fein, Ann. Conn. 1306.2 .

bríathar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bríathar or dil.ie/6796

Forms: brethar, breithre, briathar, -glicc

n ā, f. GOI § 161. brethar, Laws i 268.14 . b.¤ f., IGT Decl. § 56. In later lang. also o, m.

(a) word; in religious sense Word (of God); utterance, talk, saying(s), speech, discourse ; non-verbal sign (?) Éigse xxiv 41 : o .i. son i mbraighid. p .i. briathar sechtair, Ériu xiii 37.4 . nach tan do furgaib int augtur brethir for a gin sechtair bid briathar for a menmain fris gair do suidev . . . illud verbum . . . illi verbo . . ., Hib. Min. 12.410 , 411 . briathar cen guth .i. briathar in sgribhind, nó in compoid merda `the written word', O'Dav. 285 , Ériu xiii 37.7 . briathor insce apud Eoles (an Aeolic *βρήτρα seems intended, ed.), O'Mulc. 160. be sóir mo brethre `I shall be free as regards my word', Wb. 4c18 . ammi tuailṅge ar mbrethre gl. uerbo (. . . æpistolas), 17b5 . indat mbriathra gl. verba, Ml. 44b9 . do rad inna mbriathar sa gl. haec uerba, 46a19 . imfresnat a ngníme fria mbriathra `their deeds conflict with their words', Wb. 31b30 . deich míli briathar, 12d25 . it immaircidi dunni inna briathrasa, Ml. 22c5 . ni aithirgi ho briathraib nammá cen gním gl. non usque ad uerba, 23a11 . olc hi cridiu ┐ briathra aildi `fair words', 55a11 . ar chomallad do briatharsu, 39a12 . ni sulbir in b.¤ gl. sermo contemptibilis, Wb. 17b4 . taibred for mb.¤ ráth spirito do chách gl. sermo vester, 37c28 . briathra aildi la cechtar de fri alaile gl. sermone, Ml. 31a24 . inna briathra radas, 42c4 . níbat briathra nach aili gl. non explorata loquar, 68c10 . eritiu briathar ho neuch anall gl. reddendique sermonis, 59a15 . frissaní immeraidtis hua briathrib, 61c12 . briathar lám . . . briathar súle . . . briathar glunæ . . . briathar choirp gl. membrorum motus sermo, 138a2 . int ord nobeth fornaib briathraib gl. dictorum hunc habet ordinem, 27d22 . inna briathra grecdi se, Sg. 72a2 . hi mbrethir hi cocell hi ṅgním, Thes. ii 253.11 (Stowe M.). for brethir `in word', Wb. 15d5 . intan tra batar forsna briathraib se `when they were thus talking', Thes. ii 307.15 (Hy. ii Pref.). umaldóit for (fri, v.l.) bréthir ` mouth-humility ', Ériu iii 102 § 27a . trea chumbair ṁbriathar ` compendiously ', Thes. ii 327.5 . briathar foirbthigedar in duine i ndírgi cáingníma `the Word which perfects man', Wb. 4d6 . in bethu dorairngert som issí in briathar insin gl. uerbum suum in praedicatione, 31a9 . indhí pridchite . . . brethir dǽ gl. qui laborant in uerbo et doctrina, 29a12 . briathra dǽ, Ml. 146a1 . oc procept bréthri Dé, PH 2173. as esiomh . . . an bhriathar = the word, RSClára 142a. cundail a b.¤ (rhet.), LU 3401 ( SCC 18 ). grāibre .i. magar .i. briathar grata , O'Mulc. 688 = graibhri .i. briathar ghrata, no onórach, O'Cl. rabert-si na briathra sa she spoke these words, TBC-LL¹ 5730. ilar mbriathar mbláith rot char, LU 3614 ( SCC 30 ). millse briathra ḟir thochmairc, LL 13975 n. a (121a marg. sup.). in tan . . . bói Ísu oc lábra na mbriathar-sa, PH 3076. Secundi / cain i mbriathraib bíae `fair in words of might', Fél. Mar. 22. cona . . . digebad cid a oen ḟocul dia briathraib `not to . . . take away a single word that she said', Mon. Tall. 150.5 . nach duine isin tig arta-ceisi guth ┐ gním ┐ bréithir with . . . word, BDD² 884. brēthir bláith with gentle words, Sc.M² 21 f . dorónus dōibh dūa[i]n mbinn mbairdne, / brēithir glēisi with clear words, ACL iii 296 § 45. ro-slanaig Ísu me d'aen brethir, PH 2789. briathra Brain (of the baying of a hound), Measgra D. 38.15 . bríathra cogaidh, Studies 1920, 416.1 . ná tabhair bréithir mbréige `utter no false word', 1924, 244 § 26 . Brīathra Floinn Ḟīona maic Ossa (title of collection of maxims), Anecd. iii 10.15 . briathra fíra `just judgements', PH 823. briathar fhoirbhthe an ughdair-se this author's excellent saying, DDána 27a2 . ra bréthir a flatha `at . . . the command of their prince', TBC-LL² 4104 .

In phr. attá b.¤ (la, oc) di: intí diarobe briathar linn riam gl. de quo iam dixi, Sg. 197b12 . in Bethfage dia ta briathar i-fus of which mention is made here, PH 4600. ni do Thempul Solman . . . ro-bói briathar oc Ísu, 2725 .

(b) blessing, prayer, good wishes; in bad sense curse: forácaib bréthir fair (a well) `a blessing', Trip. 162.25 . tre brethir ṁBrigte, LL 38303 (` intercession ', SG 408.5 ). briathar .i. búaidh. fágbhaim ort briathar ┐ buaidh ar Colum Cille re Domhnall mhac Aodha, O'Cl. foracaib Pátraic breithir (.i. escaine) foraib, ACL iii 28 § 78. dorat Brigit brethir for Raith C. cona be[d] etc., Thes. ii 335.34 (Hy. v Comm.). fuirimh . . . / briathar doréir righ na rind / ar Ch. lay a curse on C., BNnÉ 314 § 8 .

(c) word, promise, assurance; pledge, vow: darm brethir (sic leg.) tra . . . isatt ailsiu damsa upon my word, LU 3918 ( SCC 43 ). dar ar mbréithir, CRR² 23. do brīathar bad fīr `let thy word be true', Ériu ii 172 § 3. ag so mo briathar ris . . . nach ticfaind . . . ┐ is briathar eile damh . . . nach gébaind, ML² 1439. ni ro-gabsat uada acht a bréthir do comallad friu save only that he should fulfil his promise to them, PH 908. ? dligid bés brēithir, Anecd. iii 15.2 (` `perhaps' merits a promise', RC xlv 71 § 36 ). co tanic mac N. ar breithir asin tig himag under a guarantee of protection, Ann. Conn. 1239.5 . gēmadh í an bhriathar bheag though it were a mere promise, Butler Poems 1243 . Phrases with verbs: dabiur bréthir . . . na fuil etc. `I swear ', TBC-LL² 747 . do-beram ar mbréthir . . . cunad fír, MU² 284. dobeirim fom bréithir a bhfiadhnaisi an Dúilim I swear in the presence of the Creator, Anecd. i 77.16 . tuc dā brēithir pledged his word, ML² 191. da-oṅg-sa mo bréthir, MU² 181. do radh dhá bréithir . . . nach rachad he vowed, Duan. F. i 1.17 . ni thánic dar a bréthir did not break his word, RC xx 12 § 17. tucus mo bréthir ris . . . ┐ ní faris ticfaither, MU² 179.

(d) Legal statement, testimony: is iat na tri fira is luga a enechus: lorg ┐ briathar ┐ suilgnais. A lorg on mír gan urlabra, a briathar on mir co n-urlabra ┐ a sulgnais on ceill maith gan urlabra, Cóic Con. 42 § 63. na hechlacha, cor indligthech, cin breithir, ni berat coibchi muna thisat fri dligi without guarantee, Laws v 272. y Comm. ? fasc tres brethar an is nesam i n-urd, i 268.14 . na tri briathra da fasc na athgabala . . . gur ab edh adbera don tres brethir i n-urd aisnesin: ro gabuis t'athgabhail, 302.23 , 26 Comm. ni fastann acht na tri briathra .i. in lin fear, ┐ in lin ceall, ┐ in la sundradhach (of the testimony of the mac bec or m. enncai), O'Curry 2431.2 ( Eg. 88, 35a-b ). tecmaltar a insce dó hi teora bríathra his statement is assembled by him into three words (of testimony of the fer midboth), Críth G. 40. Attrib. g s.: aithne breithre `a verbal charge ' (one of seven deposits that require to be restored), Laws v 196.3 .

(e) Gramm. verb: briathar . . . uerbum , Auraic. 300. ind infinit in e ón bréthir in o, Sg. 54a16 . amal as ṁbriathar gníma aperio an active verb, 145b4 . fríssin bréthir as sum , Thes. ii 228.36 (PCr.). ara forcmatis in tuisel sainredach inna brethre hua mbiat, Sg. 149a5 . itar in di brethir so, 203a16 . ar in ṁbrethir ṅdiuit, 140a4 . dia techtat briathra in -go gl. si a uerbis sint in `go' desinentibus, 112b3 . on brethir is axarcisto, Laws v 22.10 Comm. in dobriathar .i. do 'g-a rada nach briathar he, 4.11 Comm. on brethir choitchind asberar sufragor gl. [s]uffragare, Gild. Lor. 1.

Compds. With nouns. in Briatharchath ban Ulad War of Words, LU 8039. gur uo briathor-chealga brēgacha ro chan `deceitful . . . words', Fl. Earls 138.28 . ag bríathar-chomrādh re aroile ` conversation ', 46. 23 . drem dub dorcha brisess bruth, / atbelat fri briathar-chruth, MS. Mat. 633.29 ( LB 242b85 ). Bríatharthecosc Con Culaind inso (heading of precepts of C.C. to king of Tara), LU 3465 ( SCC 25 ). With adjj. co Bresal ṁbrec ṁbriatharchaem of the fair words, Rawl. 83a53 . bērus bre[i]th brīathargla[i]n, ZCP viii 199.27 . derdilinne an eoil oirrdirc / firinne a beoil briathoirgilc (-gilc for -glicc ed.) wise of speech , ii 350.11 . a Bricriu báeth briatharguirt ` sour-worded ', RC xiv 424 § 45. sámud būan bríatharísel ` low-voiced ', Ériu ii 63 § 1. a bhille bhriatharmhaill `o letter of tardy words', Ir. Review 1913, 624 § 13 . an bhuidhean bhriatharnar of modest speech, DDána 75.29 . With adj. as subst. don bhriatharthaoi bhinn quiet-spoken one (of a lady), DDána 117.51 .

clíath

Cite this: eDIL s.v. clíath or dil.ie/9484

Forms: cliatha

n ā, f. IGT Decl. § 39 (91.13) . g s. also cliatha, Cog. 156.6 .

(a) hurdle : cliath gl. creta [crates], Ir. Gl. 126 . denam cleib, denam cleithe, Laws v 474.4 . gach uair is loscadh comhraite is clía nudhnecht (sic leg.). Gach uair is loscadh anfoit is clia lathrach n-aile, iv 252.1 Comm. (cliath v.l.). cia sáer ro fích in cleith, LL 26382 . dogníthe derc . . . ┐ cliatha tairsiu. No briste in gae . . . ┐ a rind tresin cléith, RC xiii 454 § 48 . doratsat . . . cliatha caelaigh mora ós a cennaibh ┐ scratha fót tairsibh anechtair (as protection for beseigers), CCath. 1881 . laem . . . ainm don clēith bīs fon arbar oca tīrad, O'Mulc. 806 . cor eptha i cléith `putting a charm in a hurdle', MacCongl. 71.25 (prov., in a list of useless actions). Attrib. g s. i leabaidh chléithe, TSh. 2304 .

(b) Of a house or `les' (see 2 les) wattle panels of walls, doors or gates: samaisc i cléith tís, colpdach i cléith túas, Críth G. 215 - 16 . dá [n]dorus [n-]and —comla[e] ar ala n-aí, c.¤ ar alailiu, 101 . dofet cliath cleithe .i. as remtechtai lium cliath ichtair in tighi do denam ar dus anas cleitine a mullaighi, O'Curry 1874 ( 23 P 3, 21 (23)a ). ro híadad in tech . . . ┐ doratad crann ar chleith (arcleith v.l.) airi immach, Trip.² 604 . elaim-si itir clēith ┐ ursaind, MacCongl. 123.18 (cf. cliathcomla). c.¤ ná comhla ré lis, A. Ó Dálaigh lv 5 . ní bīat clīatha re rátha, ZCP xiii 9.23 . an ḟuinneog iomagallmha . . . ar a mbī cur cléthe nó gráta , RSClára 93b .

(c) woven fence, palisade, outwork : doratad immorro M. . . . dalta do Choin C. . . . ar cléith ar dorus in dúne, LL 13404 . do-rigensat . . . cliatha do scia[i]ch ┐ do draigen i mbeol ind atha fri R. cona muintir, cona rochtadar dul darsin n-ath, IT ii2 230.74 . imthus re marcach eich leith / a n-Ath Gallta itir da chleith, Leb. Cert. 20.8 . nī tucc a acchaidh re clēith / budh ferr do c[h]ongbālaidh scēith, Ériu xvii 28 § 50 . do congbail clethi ┐ do cosnum cathlaithrech `to sustain the front', MR 148.9 . airm n-a gcléith ar comhlaibh tor `swords form a fence round his castles' portals', Magauran 1705 . Of the Cross: ar chléith dhoinnbhear dia hAoine / do coinnmheadh Dia dar ndín-ne, DDána 47.2 . Fig. Máol Mórdha . . . / Pilip Óg . . . / dhá chléith le dornchlaibh docra, O'R. Poems 2799 . gurab í an fhíor-aithrighe is comhla ┐ is cliath chosnaimh ag na daoinibh, TSh. 6894 . c.¤ fri opposition to: cliath ra heclais mairg dogní, LL 19300 . a cliath fri nem (to the sinful soul), PH 8175 . With various defining genitives: is lá Hú Tegtechān bith for in clē[i]th dāla ┐ an t-escra ana lāim a bar for dispensing drink(?), BColm. 52.29 (`hurdle of assembly'). cliath fhosgaidh ar āth, O'R. Poems 664 . Toirrdhelbhach . . . baí ina cleith ḟosccaidh . . . ag gach aén `a sheltering fence', AFM vi 2106.18 . dia tartamni .xxx. d'ar ṅdegdoinib immach i ṅgiallas bid tanaite ar c.¤ gabala sund. Doregthar forn issin cathraig defence, LL 283a4 . cladh coigcriche ┐ . . . cliath ghabhála fri hUltaibh, Hugh Roe² 216.14 . sgiath didin ┐ cliath ghaeithe Ghall re Gaeidheluibh `wind-hurdle' (i.e. protection, shelter), ALC ii 310.22 . in comla catha ┐ in cliath ugra, Cog. 188.7 . cf. 56.y . cúig tríatha . . . / cliatha gaisgidh na nGaoídhiol, O'R. Poems 2716 . cliath mhínighthe na ccóig ccrīoch, 661 . ard gach oentu . . . / cain cach cliath brathar protection of a kinsman(?), Cog. 122.18 .

In phr. i ccléith x on the side of x, in alliance with x: mairg . . . ro threicc a chorpfhine . . . ar dhul hi cleith ┐ hi ccomhaontaidh a éccrad, Hugh Roe² 264.18 . N. do thocht i ccléth cloinne Domhnaill, AFM iv 896.14 . a chaoraigheacht do breith lais i ccleith Gall to the side of the English, 890.5 . M., mairtír nar thrēith: / bīodh san chnoc im chlēith go fíor, Celtica iv 163 § 236 . `i gcléith le `to be united to, allied to, associated with' s.vv. adiungo, applico, affectus, affinitas, Risdeard Pluincéad', cited Celtica iv 192 .

(d) Extended applications: dorála D. do Ch. ar in cleith oc leith na Sinna ` bridge ', SG 397.6 . tucadh amus fair im cend cleithe Atha Luain . . . cor'thoit cliath an drochaid fút[h]aib, RC xviii 167.5 (Tig.). co nderna droichet ┐ clíatha dermhára díbh ┐ rathanna romora tarsin [cuan] cétna, CCath. 1391 . stretcher, litter, bed : cen chlíatha cen tulggu, Críth G. 101 . nónbar . . . ro-bái fón cleith fora raibe tarr na muici, Sc.M² 6R . dá ḟer déc for clíathaib airgdidib imon imdai, BDD² 1107 . búi an péist . . . ana lighe for cleth iarnaide, a lan do crithribh teindtidhi fon cleth hisin, Aisl. Tond. 108 § 3 (super cratem ferream). fo cholbaib ┐ fo immdadaib ┐ fo clīathaib in rīgthige, MacCongl. 11.17 (`screens'). cliatha caolaig doriginset Laigin . . . fo cosaib caorach . . . 'ca n-adnacal co Dún nÉtair, Dinds. 28 . láindíre do oí ina lias uasa a chleith codla, Ériu xiii 27.22 . clíatha fis (apparently always made of rowan branches) beds on which druids slept in order to acquire occult knowledge: luidhset na druidh fora cliathaib fis ┐ rothoghairmset demhna, Marco P. 32 . dochúatar na draoithe ara ccliathaibh cáerthainn ┐ tuccadh . . . nua corma doibh, V. SS. Hib. cliv n. 5 . codail ar do chliathaibh fis / cuardaigh aigéan gach oiris, Content. x 2 . is eadh do-nídís cruinnchliatha caorthainn do dhéanamh ┐ seicheadha na dtarbh n-iodhbarta do leathadh orra . . . ┐ dul mar sin i muinighin a ngeasa do thoghairm na ndeamhan do bhuain scéal díobh . . . gonadh de sin do lean an sean-fhocal . . . adeir go dtéid neach ar a chliathaibh fis an tan do-ní dícheall ar scéala d'fhagháil, Keat. ii 5448 ff. harrow : cliath fuirsidh[e] (gl. eripica [rastrum]), Ir. Gl. 240 . braca, cliath, foirseadh, Eg. Gl. 70 . go niomat cliath ┐ prácadh, AFM vi 2186.20 . le clíathaibh foirsighe íaruinn, 1 Chron. xx 3 . clíath scéith framework of shield : o clíat[h]aibh sgiath secht mac Meadbha, Ériu x 85 § 88 . cúic árnaile saorus fer nimthechta ar tigradhus na ninnile .i. cliath tasgair (? trascair) do iadadh friu (some sort of hurdle for keeping cattle enclosed), O'D. 887 ( H 3.17, 637 ). Of the oars of a boat: ro cuireadar amach cliatha . . . crannrighne cruadhrámhadh, CF² 39 . Of an animal, the loin, rib-cage : mas ar son carna ata é is cnaimh ar in cleith uile (of the amount of condiment allowed with different joints), O'Curry 183 ( H 3.18, 99 ). curro bris a cleith n-asnai, TBC-LL¹ 565 n. 4 . cliat[h]a bō, Ériu x 85 § 88 . do imreadar na lanna . . . gurba cliatha tolla . . . na taíbh, CF² 801 . Of a bird's wings: glésaiss . . . a ghulbain a ccliathaib a eite, Mart. Don. 176.17 . Of the strings of a musical instrument: cid cia ro chodail . . . re cliathaib . . . ciuil, MR 110.y . ar chléith tana do thimpáin, IGT Decl. ex. 882 . Of the web of cloth: corba dluithither re cleith lenad (leined, v.l.) arna landluthud in lini sleg, TTebe 2823 (`stop- hurdle'). conarbho dluithe cliatha leinedh ar n-a dluthadh, ITS v 64.11 . ? cliath .i. umat, [ut est] ar bi[d] mer fo cuachnaidm cliath ferba .i. amail bi[d] mér fo cuachnaidm duitt iumad briathar in filed `a multitude of words', O'Dav. 397 (but `? metaph. use of clíath in sense of phalanx', Plummer MS. notes).

Freq. of the close ranks of men (and weapons) in battle, especially in phr. i ccléith, i cclíathaib in close fighting(?): ni ró ḟég F. dar a ais riam . . . ic astar no ic imthecht ┐ chléith ┐ chath (? leg. i cléith no i cath) no chomlund, TBC-LL¹ 1905 . nach hi ccath no hi ccleith / do fáccbadh é, ar sccáth a scceith, Cog. 88.22 . buaid [cacha] catha ┐ cacha cliatha, 156.6 . i n-imairic áigh nó i cléith comluinn, CCath. 627 . M. ┐ C. do marbad a cleith do O., Ann. Inisf. 1108.5 (`in a skirmish'). gur lingsed in dā chlēith . . . a cenn araile the two (opposing) ranks, ML² 1189 . d'fisrugad clethi Conaill ┐ aird-grinne Eogain `the phalanx', MR 176.3 . ro coraigheadh ider na curadaib cliatha . . . ceinngera do shleaguibh `rows', Caithr. CC 72 . díon a threabh . . . a ccliathaibh `in fighting', Rel. Celt. ii 222.31 . deacair an chéim i gcliathaibh, PBocht 3.38 . baidhbh id chomhghaire i gcléith, Aithd. D. 5.17 . i gcléith chogaidh ní dú dol / 's gan tú go habaigh aosmhar, DDána 105.23 . ? amail corra crit[h]bel / ri clīat[h]uib cāich / fir Ērenn re clīat[h]ib-sum / ō sin co tī brāth, ZCP xiii 15.1 , 2 .

In nn. loc. see Hog. Onom. s.v. and s. Áth Clíath .

Compds. With nouns. ¤bern in phr. c. chét one who makes a gap of a hundred in the enemy's ranks : in cathmilid ┐ in chliathbern chét ┐ ord essorgni, LL 8219 ( TBC-LL¹ 775 ). an dubdhortadh díl[e]ann ┐ an chliathbearna céd . . . .i. Caiseal C. airdrígh Lochlann, CF² 1001 . Also ¤bernaid id.: na da curaid ┐ na da chliathbernaid chet, TBC-LL¹ 3245 . atat daimh dilann ┐ cliathbernadha cet . . . i Cnuc na Cenn, RC xliii 40.29 . Also of the gap itself: atconnairc na clíathbernadhae mora oslaicte . . . ┐ na muir 'arna muradh `the great battle-breaches open and the ramparts rased', CCath. 3724 . ¤bernadach id.: tuarascbail . . . a cathmiled ┐ a cliathbernadach cét, TBC-LL¹ 5147 . os chliathblai Charmaind battle-field(?), BB 37b26 . cathmilid ┐ cliathcomla cathu shield (fig. of a warrior), TTr.² 1582 . cliathdhroichet do dhénamh oc Ath Luain wattle bridge, AFM ii 1132.18 . fa chliathfhroighibh do chraobh mbreac, DDána 68.38 . tiar tre chliathghaoith cláir na bhFionn ` battle-wind ', O'Hara 3081 . mairg tarla i gcliathghoil 'na cheann `ardour of a skirmish' (Gloss.), Ir. Syll. Poetry 64 § 14 . fa chliathmhadh Céin, O'Hara 2620 .

With adj. mac Piaruis chaoimh chliatharnaidh `fierce in battle' (Gloss.), Butler Poems 1351 . Éire chliathbhras, Hackett xliv 3 .

1 cor

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cor or dil.ie/12406
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: cur, car, cora, cura, cara, -uir, cora

n o, m. Later also cur, car, cora, cura, cara. Vn. of fo-ceird. c.¤ car (an tsíl ┐ na bḟíach ┐ na sligheadh ┐ fuaras . . . ┐ atá orum) . . . c.¤ (an eich . . . car an eich .l.) g s. -uir, m., IGT Decl. § 69 . cur (an tsíl) g s. cora m., § 70 . cura cora cara (an tṡíl) m., § 2 . Verbs § 58 . c.¤ a curvo , O'Mulc. 369 . in c.¤ , 499 . fuirmeal .i. cur, O'Cl.

1 act of putting, placing; setting up, etc. in a wide variety of contexts: mórfessiur . . . oc c.¤ cacha h-óenslaite (of building a house), LU 8059 ( FB 2 ). áes feig . . . do ch.¤ i n-óenfecht dia saichthin to send, 6145 (TBC). gan Aenach C. do c[h]ur not to hold, Ériu xviii 62 § 20 . ? ar c.¤ bissexa, LL 17463 . a chur ind `it shall be forfeited', Laws i 160.15 Comm. bid teora bliadna os úir gen a cur (of transplanting trees), Marco P. 165 . gan cur ná treabhadh soisgéoil planting, Mac Aingil 5005 . ? ac cur na sáraighthedh dictating the cases of s., O'Gr. Cat. 120.2 . clú M. ar c.¤ a caemna `has established her protection', Studies 1920, 419.12 . c.¤ eich spurring on a horse, Aithd. D. 77.27 . gan inghean . . . ré cur síoda ná gréis `wearing silk or embroidery', Keat. ii 2770 . an fhuinneóg . . . ar a mbī cur cléthe nó gráta = garnished with a strong grate of iron, RSClára 93b . ag cur chru `shoeing a horse', AFM iv 694.18 . ? sciath . . . do chur ber ┐ sleg ┐ saiget for . . . warding off(?), LL 24895 .

2 In figura etymologica: ní chuirfi c.¤ búada de `will not win thereby', Trip. 78.9 . noconfōicher c.¤ dia chind he won't stir his head, TBC-I¹ 706 (cf. ni lamad c.¤ de he dared not budge, LU 726 ). co rolád c.¤ isin dúnad take a turn round the camp, 154 (LU). asbér is c.¤ roda lláus immudu that I have simply lost it, TBFr. 168 . ba he met rolad c.¤ dia indtleacht na hingine such an impression was made on the girl's mind, ZCP xiii 262.20 . is níor fhéad c.¤ do chur dhi could not stir it, DDána 102.25 . Note further: do ghrádh ód thriath ná till ch.¤ `turn not by a single point thy devotion away', Magauran 2362 .

3 act of throwing, casting : c.¤ .i. urchor, O'Cl. di ch.¤ cruinn da-cer dul issa mmuir `from casting (the) lot' (gl. de ligno sortis), Tur. 132 . c.¤ cloiche (a game), Celtica viii 149.21 . cur clach, Cóir Anm.² i 179 § 10 . cur liac putting the stone, RC ix 454.18 . c.¤ ṅdeiled, Ériu iv 30.10 . ag cur dhísle, Studies 1923, 599 § 15 . foscaigthe na crann do chur fó thuaid don gréin that the trees were casting shadows, CCath. 1581 . gan fhuil a chnis / do ch.¤ , Ériu xvi 134 § 53 . le car snechta, IGT Decl. ex. 246 . lé linn . . . na gceath soin do chur, Keat. ii 2287 . Hence of feats, etc.: oc cur in rothclessa performing , LU 8844 . ag c.¤ iomána, RC xxix 116 § 13 . Note also: le cur claidem by plying the sword. Hy Fiach. 190.z . Of sounds: c.¤ ndelma, Ériu xvi 82.34 . a ngair ag a cur uttering cries, RC xiii 7.7 . Freq. of battles, slaughters, etc.: robu coscrach dia chur / a gleten fri diäbul `he was victorious from fighting his battle', Blathm. 175 . dotháet c.¤ mo diberga de, LU 7067 = BDD² 658 (`plundering', Gloss.). gan cath do c[h]ur, Ériu xviii 62 § 23 . ar cur āir after inflicting slaughter, BColm. 90.19 . fer cora choscair, IGT Decl. ex. 729 . Note also: corrthuafail (= c.¤ thuaithbil ?) gaoithe whirlwind , Corp. Astron. 112.17 . gaotha corr-thuaithbhil, 160.24 .

4 act of letting go, discarding : grís chaomh ar car a smáil, IGT Decl. ex. 1066 . ag car chnúais, ex. 594 . gach cnú chorr ag cur a bláoisce, KMMisc. 172.31 .

5 In a variety of idioms with prepp. (only a small selection can be given from a very wide range, especially where the later lang. is concerned): c.¤ lame ardodced getting involved in misfortune, Wb. 29b18 . car Mhoighe Aoí ar aitreabhadh renewing husbandry in Mag nAí, MS. Mat. 564.21 . c.¤ ar comrād fri canōin `intentness on (?) conversing with the canon', Ériu ii 65 § 11 . barr do chara ar an gceól gcrot, Studies 1919, 612 § 6 . dom char ort, DDána 90.12 `commending me to thee', Ir. Monthly 1920, 53 . ag cur mheic ar ḟer nÍ. imputing to, IGT Decl. ex. 1266 . cur chuca `interfere with them', TSh. 10169 . eolas gacha conaire no cingfitis do chur go crích doibh to lead them all the way wherever they went, BNnÉ 51 § 40 . ainm in míl-sin cen chur de (chev.; in full? precisely?), Metr. Dinds. iii 428.41 . cen a ch.¤ de, ZCP viii 268 § 44 . atá an chruinne dom chur (v.l.) dhí is discarding me, Dán Dé xxviii 24 . c.¤ gortha don ghalldacht `they undertake to set the Pale ablaze', Studies 1920, 417.14 . ag cur do chum an bhaile do ghabhail attempting, AFM v 1846.1 . C. . . . do ch.¤ do cum báis, vi 2368.15 . xx tunda fina do cur fo tir were cast ashore, Ann. Conn. 1310.10 . ic a cur for dail mbicc treating it as a small matter, CCath. 5014 . dám thrír táncatar ille / dá cur ra (= fri) Find, LL 29302 `sich . . . zu gesellen', Festschr. Stokes 9 . cur ré tuicsin cumacht an Airdrig to attempt to understand, Ériu ii 146 § 165 . decair c.¤ ré draoidheacht ndéin contend with, Duan. F. i 40.21 . cur red chlú ní chúala adding to, competing with, the equal of(?), A. Ó Dálaigh iv 1 . With i n-agaid, see agad, aiged ar c.¤ hi far selbad-si `putting ourselves into your possession', Wb. 8d26 . is c.¤ anma [ ] i mod confuses the spirit, Ériu xx 196 § 21 . cara im cheann to oppose me, Dán Dé xix 20 . Cf. 1 cenn dia c.¤ i cóic dividing it into five, Ériu iv 154.6 . a chur a gcrích uile = the whole disposing thereof, Proverbs xvi 33 . cach dá chur sin a n-ingnad air everyone marvelling at that, BCC 85 . gan iad féin le chéile ag cur `that they pull not together', O'Gr. Cat. 408.10 . rígh is sochair lén doirbh cur whom it is difficult to oppose, Content. xiv 55 . gan c.¤ le gan laghdugadh without addition, ZCP ii 350.10 . c.¤ do sétche uáit putting away thy wife, Wb. 10a21 . iar n-a chur roimhe rí Alban do ghairm de féin proposing, Keat. i 206.70 . do ch.¤ súlae taris `to cast my eyes over it', Mon. Tall. 136.22 . in c.¤ tar cenn gl. euersio, Ml. 36d23 . 72b12 . 99d7 . huan ch.¤ dar cénn gl. auersione, 118a15 .

6 With follg. adv.: iar na chur amach . . . co `after it had been reported . . . that', AFM vi 2226.16 . ? Íosa 's a dhá asbal déag / deacroide cur re a gcoimhéad / brath 'n-a mbun ó thigh do tigh / cur a-mach ar an muinntir, Dán Dé xxi 22 . ? is ferr do neoch a ch.¤ ass to give up (of unrequited love), LU 3943 ( SCC 44 ). ni bhi ga chur as ach sibal an re there is nothing interfering with it, Ir. Astr. Tr. 102.10 . ar mhórán do reachtaibh . . . iar n-a gcur síos written down, Keat. ii 4739 . teampall chille R. do ch.¤ suas `was re-erected', AFM iii 590.16 . cur suas de Dhia to renounce, O'Rah. 295.16 . óna neithibh atá agam' ch.¤ timcheall = a circumdantibus me, TSh. 4264 .

Transferred meanings.

7 leap, twist; throw (in wrestling): ro lá c.¤ n-iach n-erred de i n-arda, MU² 952 , cf. 1 eó, eú . c.¤ fo laim [no prep] (of a horse), Laws iii 180.17 Comm. tuc léim láidir ┐ car, SG 26.28 . troid beó fa comthruime cur, IGT Decl. ex. 529 . c.¤ arrachta `a powerful throw', Stair Erc. 1136 . Cf. rolá in scrín . . . curu dí, Fél. 76.38 .

8 twist, coil : anncoir gorm fa choraibh do chábla, óir, MR 349.z . snas donn a cúil 'na caraib, Prolegomena 45 § 27 . c.¤ d'irbull in dragun a timcill an leogain, ZCP vi 61.16 . ro latraigseat curu imm na cathaib `umkreisten', Alex. 247 = ro lasat curudu, etc,. ZCP xxx 113 .

9 twist, detour, circuit in road, etc.: curu gl. giros, BCr. 18b2 . do bretha c.¤ n-imruill fothuaid ┐ fodess do na sluagaib were led astray, LL 7931 (TBC). ar doirthi na c.¤ `des Weges', ZCP xxx 136.10 (Alex.). téid c.¤ seach an gcathraigh neamhdha `takes a course past Heaven', Dán Dé xxxi 21 . c.¤ sligheadh, PBocht 3.25 . c.¤ fo chosán = cenn fa eite (punctuation mark in Ir. MSS.), O'Don. Gram. 434 . Fig. do choraibh trúagha an talmhan vicissitudes, IGT ex. 770 . biaid cur da findfam there is a way of finding out, MU² 879 . c.¤ .i. cuairt, O'Cl.

10 tune, melody : c.¤ .i. ceol, O'Cl. cass c.¤ cuirt[her] guth ín luin, IT iii 19 § 53 . do sinn slithi senma cuir ┐ puirt, Fianaig. 58.14 . lucht athlaimhe ar choraibh ceoil, DDána 17.19 . ag senm a ch.¤ (a bird), IGT Metr. Faults§ 61 . ? nōnbor āesa cerdd[a] ina sessam imbi oc cur na clīara, Corm. Y 141 = occantain (no ocur), Corm. 7 .

11 In phrases: in cursa this time, LL 7650 (TBC). na bris dúin cairptiu . . . meni bethe ar in t-ṡluagud-sa a ch.¤sa, 8211 `now', TBC-LL² 648 . den chursin `in that moment', Mon. Tall. 148.14 . don chur sa, LU 6303 . dind ara chur `for the second time', Metr. Dinds. iii 4.33 . cedna cur, AFM ii 800.2 . ar ch.¤ éigin = aliquo modo, Rial. S.F. 1691 . ar éunch. at all (after neg. vb.), Parrth. Anma 2448 . gan a deunamh ar ch.¤ ar bith, Rule of Tallaght 27 . ar aonch.¤ ar bith, Párl. na mB. 308 . ar chor oile = aliter, TSh. 6482 . ar an uile ch.¤ in every way, A. Ó Dálaigh l 2 . ar dhá ch.¤ `for two reasons', PBocht 13.21 . ar gach c.¤ in every way, Measgra D. 70.15 . as gach cur, Anecd. ii 62 . ar an gc.¤-sain thus, Dán Dé xviii 19 . ar an gc.¤-sa, O'Hara 1413 . ar an gc.¤ gcéadna, PBocht 13.19 . ar an cc.¤ ad-chluinti `in the way you have heard', O'Hara 3098 . Cf. is é c.¤ ar a ráinig ríoghacht Éireann C. this is how, etc., Keat. ii 3701 . imon c.¤ cedna, Ériu viii 36.25 . c.¤ fri c.¤ together (?), ZCP v 487 § 15 . c.¤ nach ffiorfa an fháisdini `so that he shall not bring the forecast true', Duan. F. ii 56.31 . ar ch.¤ nach feas dó, TSh. 740 . In phr. ar chur in the power of, at the mercy of, at the disposal of: coíca laech ara chur, Metr. Dinds. iv 320.1 . ar mo ch.¤ , Content. xiv 53 . ar chur ┐ fa smacht Easpuig na Rómha, Keat. iii 11 . Hence in Keat. c.¤ ar power over: cur ┐ cumas aige . . . ar an eagluis (Peter), Eochairsg. 6.37 . cur ag an mbás ar na seacht ndrongaibh úd, TSh. 7893 .

Legal.

12 contract . `Irish equivalent of the stipulatio of Roman law, the solemn verbal contract', Críth G. p. 81 . Freq. c.¤ bél (where bél simply limits the general meaning of cor act of putting; not properly verbal as oppd. to written contract , which does not occur in early Irish law, Thurn. ZCP xv 307 - 8 ). Later in more general sense of bond, bargain, agreement, guarantee, undertaking , etc.: c.¤ bēl, Cóic Con. 71.15 . cuir ┐ cundartha, 20.10 . for curu bél, Críth G. 279 . cur (d s.) ┐ chairddiu, 373 . cintaib cuir (coir, MSS.) `to liabilities arising from contract', 339 . ni c.¤ c.¤ for nemthe. for eglais. for fhlaith. for éigsi, Ériu xiii 23.26 . cair cis lir chuir dochuisin? Nin. A do; sochar, ┐ docor, Laws iii 4.5 . acht na cuic curu ata taithmechta la feine, i 50.y . tellach tar curu bel `entry notwithstanding verbal agreement`, v 210.2 . raith fuasluictar coraib `a surety who is freed from contracts', 340.18 . fiadnaisi .i. fiadæ ro nass in c.¤ , O'Mulc. 499 . dentar lib iarṁbes cech cuir/ . . . / edpart matinda, SR 4401 . o roscarsatar ar cuir since our bargain no longer holds (?), 1725 . in c.¤ amra ronenaisc .i. comruc re hēnfer, TBC-I¹ 1185 . c.¤ . . . ┐ faesam rīg Hērenn . . . fair-sium protection (?), Fing. R. 939 . fā choraibh ag cliaraibh, O'R. Poems 2036 `under bonds', Gloss. ná táeb ré c.¤ Conaillech, IGT Decl. ex. 713 . liom gé madh maith an c.¤ chuinghim request , Measgra D. 61.103 . gurab uime do rinde se cuir re lucht na cathrach covenant, ZCP xi 140.12 . aitherrach cuir do ch.¤ don choróin `to transfer the crown', AFM vi 2258.13 . c.¤ nō oibliogāid riagla . . . S. Clára = the obligation of the Rvle, RSClára 145b . Of marriage-contract : issé dorigne curu a mathar fria athair, BColm. 6 § 7 . tucusa c.¤ ┐ coibchi duit amal as dech teít di mnaí, LL 7589 (TBC). maith risin mnáoi si amuigh / amhuil mur snadhmar a cuir, KMMisc. 346.19 .

13 Later in sense surety, guarantor (cf. aitire, naidm(m), 1 ráth): caide c.¤? tricha fear; caide arrae cuir? coic fir déc, O'Curry 347 ( H 3.18, 191 -2). c.¤ .i. urraidh téid an urradhas, O'Cl. it cora a fine fadeisin forra, Laws v 128.18 . fiacha do thobairt a laim an cuir, O'Curry 299 ( H 3.18, 165 ). cata cuir condaigi? . . . Na trí gillai etc., MU² 72 . Rauphel lium doráith / os cind cecha cuir, KMMisc. 255.1 . cuir ┐ rátha, Duan. F. iii 246 . ná (leg. na?) cuirsi do dheimnigh dún / na cuisne eighridh d'ḟadúdh, IGT Decl. ex. 368 . Note also: coro greis in t-ōclach na curu i cenn in rig .i. muir ┐ gaeth ┐ grian ┐ eoitheoir ┐ firmaimint, Dinds. 81 ( RC xvi 32 ). Less explicitly: tecait cura daingne dó, Metr. Dinds. iii 178.153 . ni epér . . . co m-bet cuir dam fria `pledges', MacCongl. 23.1 . neart ar do choraibh ┐ ar do shlāntaibh, Feis Tighe Chonáin 996 . In follg. late exx. the pl. form prob. means guarantee(s), undertaking, term(s): ro naidhmsiot a ccura . . . amhlaidh sin, AFM vi 2172.2 . gur ro naidhm a cura fris `league', iii 126.13 . tugadar cuir ┐ slána do Mhogh N., ML 8.12 . ro naidhmset a ccura friss `they . . . fixed terms with him', Hugh Roe² 132.13 .

In later lang. in various transferred and Fig. meanings.

14 Attrib. g s. cuir. Precise meaning unknown. See TD 1.6 note. go Cruachain cuir, Fen. 182.20 . C. P. na g-call g-cuir, Hy Fiach. 46.10 . Of trees etc. (us. transl. planted): a lubhghort cuir, SGS iv 66 § 29 . an dá chraoibh chuir `those two firm planted branches', Magauran 2064 . Of buildings: teaghdhais chumhang na gcloch gcuir `piled stones', PBocht 27.19 . sluagh na síodh ccorrbhroghach ccuir `strong round-terraced elf-mounds', O'Hara 3329 . asin cloich cuir (in wall), LB 157a63 . Note further: fear . . . go gcuirnín cuir, Hackett xliv 48 . ón chliabhán chuir, Duan. F. ii 62.y . in treas cleitin cuir `casting javelin', 24.17 . for cai cuir `upon the road of a circuit' (of poets), Auraic. 2221 . ? cá bhfuil fós caomhnuime gcuir (not transl.), Content. xxviii 62 (see cunnuimne). a haon trí céd cadla cuir, AFM i 562.1 .

15 act of overthrowing, defeating; defeat, reverse : a ch.¤ do Bh. `he has been outdone by B.', Magauran 225 . tearc flaitheas nach fuighe c.¤ `few kingdoms escape unshaken', Ir. Review 1912, 376 § 6 . fuair T. c.¤ `reverse', Content. v 101 . ? don tsaoghal so an chuir, Párl. na mB. 2179 .

16 state, condition, plight : dia do ch.¤ `awful calamity', PBocht 1.19 . c.¤ an phobuil, DDána 35.9 . an c.¤ do-chiam fúthaibh, 26.2 . cruth cen chēill, dōiriu cach c.¤, is neime i n-ōrlestar worse than anything, ZCP vi 267 § 2 . trúagh c.¤ chloinne Hādhuimh, ii 583.16 .

17 act of tiring; tiredness, fatigue (late; always cur): on brig arna cur = a virtute defatigata, Rosa Angl. 272.19 . a h-aitli tsaetair no cuir, RC xlix 5 § 2 . daóine do chur to weary men, Isaiah vii 13 . ? cen séis, cen cur, cen cumsanad, Laud 610, 25d (Plummer MS notes). ? bean is clann gá cur, IGT Decl. ex. 1117 .

18 V. freq. in later lang. in adv. phr. car(a) (seldom c.¤) in cháemlaí (-laithi) all day long, the livelong day : car an chaomhlaithi, IGT Decl. ex. 132 . car gach aon laithe, Fl. Earls 142.32 . car an chaoimhlaoi, A. Ó Dálaigh l (50) 34 . cara(?) in caomh-laī, Feis Tighe Chonáin 379 . c.¤ an caomlaoi, Grail 2759 . Also: car an chargais during the whole of Lent, BNnÉ 149.38 . c.¤ ind erraigh, Caithr. Thoirdh. 77.34 . car an ḟaghamhair, IGT Decl. ex. 950 . car an geamraidh, ex. 339 .

19 Meaning doubtful or obscure: is blicht la mnāi cur ar is donaite cach tua[th]bel, O'Mulc. 754 . dia coraib, Anecd. i 6.4 ( SCano 156 `agitations?' Gloss.). ba ard cīsel choscair chain / Cormac co n-āni a chuir, ZCP xi 109 § 21 . in mbuithib (leg. inb-) cor a saithe `at the time of the departure of his own swarm', Laws iv 190.13 . fear saor is a bhladh dá bhrath / dá char gion gur caomh a dhreach, DDána 91.6 (to 16?). thainig [siad] do'n chur to the place(?), Oss. vi 62 . ocus tuille: car beg da derbad inntaithmech in focail is aireacht the analysis of the word a. gives some additional proof(?), O'Curry 2272 ( Eg. 88, 20 (21)c ). trí fichid . . . gan ch.¤ and no more(?), Keat. Poems 1185 .

20 Compds. ? measam cundrada carlínad `the worst bargain is fulfilling a contract', ZCP xvii 69 § 7 ( ACL iii 230.153 ). crithre corphort sparkling melodies, Studies 1923, 598 § 11 . ? ba rechtaid críche / corsir `long enduring in contract', Celtica vi 234.y ( coirsear, Laws iv 16.22 ) = corsir .i. focard gulla .i. clocha, a cennaib a aile siu ┐ tall iar ngabail a tirí, O'Curry 849 ( H 3.18, 385b ). conclanna . . . corshnadmanacha (in wrestling), MR 254.26 . See abratchor, 1 gúala, tenchor.

dúbalta

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dúbalta or dil.ie/19005

part. of dúblaid. double, twofold: ó nach fil nech ar slicht Adaim acht braithre d.¤ brothers in a twofold sense (in flesh and in spirit), PH 7503 . in t-eideth dubullta robui uime, ZCP vi 97 . soighthech dhubalda a double vessel (i.e. one vessel inside the other), 24 P 32, 171.12 (med.). tertiana dubalta double tertian, 3 C 19, 10rb18 . pósa dúbulta a double marriage, PCT 1516 . tuguidh dhí go dúbalta do réir a gníomhartha `double unto her double', Rev. xviii 6 . lé meidh dhúbailthe ghrás, Desid. 1721 . leannta dúbullta double ale, Gadelica 148 . Fig. croidhe dúbalta, Psalms xii 2 . is gnáth d.¤ . . . mná Mumhan nach múnaid 'na gcaipeannaibh `it is the custom doubly true' (?), Ó Bruad. i 74 . Of two kinds: atáid na heslainti d.¤ .i. cuid ger ┐ cuid rigin, 3 C 19, 281vb16 . ainmhidhe resunta . . . ata sin d.¤ .i. ainmidhe resunta marbhtach . . . ┐ ainmhidhe resunta nemhmarbhthach, 24 P 3, 304.21 . ata in nescóit dubullta .i. teasaide no fuaruide, 54 . Cunning, clever (?): is d.¤ doghní an gráta `cunningly he makes the grate' (of a blacksmith), O'Gr. Cat. 601 .

gráibre

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gráibre or dil.ie/26480

n a pleasant word ; a winning utterance : grāibre .i. magar .i. brīathar grāta, ut est ... binde bar ngotha grāibre (: āille), Corm. Y 724 = O'Mulc. 688 . graibre .i. gāire trom, ib. 708 . graibre trom-re, rissis graece locutio interpretatur , O'Mulc. 626 . ba maith ri cách do gráibri, TFerbe 279 . sund rognid in graibre gel, Metr. Dinds. iv 338.21 . graibhri .i. briathar ghrata, no onórach, O'Cl.

1 gráta

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 gráta or dil.ie/26543

n m. a grate ; a grating : gráta do líonobair phráis, Exodus xxvii 4 . do cheithre corruib an ghráta phráis, ib. xxxviii 5 . cenn Peatoir ┐ cenn Pōil siat a ngrāta imremhor ieroinn uas prīmh-altōir na heguilsi, Fl. Earls 198.20 . fo iadhadh in grāta , ib. 216.29 .

2 gráta

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adj (grád) io,iā noble, excellent, dignified : in tuisich oglach side coem gratto, IT i 144.17 . trī hōclāich grīsta grāta gormanig, TBC-I¹ 3320 . fer cǽm grata i n-airinuch na budni sin, TBC-LL¹ 5295 . Superl. gnúis is grátam dó, ib. 264 . ni gébat frit' gnuis ṅgráddai | buidni borba barbardai, SR 5015 . airegdai gratai a cossa ┐ a láma, Corm. Bodl. 34 (s.v. prull) . ba gairm gráta ós Bairind brisc, Metr. Dinds. iii 366.15 . magar .i. brīathar grāta , Corm. Y 724 . grāibre ... .i. briathar grata , O'Mulc. 688 . grata .i. oirdheirc, O'Cl.

íarnaide

Cite this: eDIL s.v. íarnaide or dil.ie/27047
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: iarnaighe

adj io, iā, (íarn)

I iron, made of iron: iarnaighe gl. ferreus, Ir. Gl. 608. clóthi ... rindaithi i.¤ , IT i 191.15 . rotha íarnaidi in carpait, LU 6500. co flescaib iarnaidib ...d'esorcain na pecthach, 2085 . id iarnaidi na thimchiull, TBC-LL¹ 1229. caeca slabhradh iarnaidhe eisti, CF 681. co n-adharcuibh iarnuidhe, ML² 53. grāta iernaidhe, Fl. Earls 204.19 . crithnaighídh na slabradu ... solus-iarnaidhe steel-bright? MR 178.3 . dath earnaidi , Celtica ii 70.23 .

In a metaphorical sense: dubc[h]otludh iarnaidhe inn ecca, CCath. 6071. lém thoil iarnaidhe féin `mea ferrea voluntate,' TSh. 7539. ge no beth .c. gin agumsa ... ┐ guth iarnaidhi, Aen. 1409. do shlógh iarnuidhe Ioffoirn, Aithd. D. 53 § 9.

II As subst.

(a) an iron implement or fitting, weapon, fetter: rochuirset iarnaidhi a n-arathar i n-armaib catha `they turned the iron of their ploughs into arms ...,' Aen. 1764. ralegaid acus raluathchumaid a n-iarrnaigi athcnaiti arathair, a corrana acus a rastail ... comdais airm aithgera, TTebe 1277 . an sagart do léigen as na gér-iarnaighibh ina raibhe from the sharp fetters, Ériu v 92.14 . do ghrádh th'aon-mhic do céasadh le hiarnaighe i gcrann, Keat. Poems 401.

(b) armour, mail: ni geibdís acht iarnaighi umpu, BB 43a50 .

magar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. magar or dil.ie/31277

Forms: magar

n o, m., For discussion of meaning and development see Gwynn, Ériu iii 190.

I Spawn? orc brec . . . bruchtas di m.¤ [de mhagur LB, de magur, Bodl.] fo muirib .i. bradan di m.¤, is ed a domnæ (`a salmon which is bursting with spawn . . . with spawn, that is, its young', Gwynn), Corm. Y 1018 s.v. orc treith. siu no betis . . . talam tīr | nā muir mīl mēt m.¤ muad, SR 7858 (g p.?). Hence fry, small fish: magur .i. min-iasc, Corm. Y 955. O'Cl. (maghar). ní sain bloach (.i. míol mór) is maghar (.i. miniasg), Hard. ii 298.8 . lomnan magair is muirmhil, Irish Texts ii 19 § 23.

II In fig. sense, bait, allurement; wheedling speech, `blarney'; conversation? co cúala in fagur . . . ropo magur co mór-nim `a lure of baleful might' (of mermaids' song), Metr. Dinds. iii 190 . grāibre .i. m.¤ .i. briathra grata , Corm. Y 724 , cf. O'Mulc. 688. maghar .i. briathar, O'Cl. ní ba mín far m.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 3267 (refers to combat fixed between Fer Diad and Cuchulainn) = ni ba reid bar mbagar, TBC-I¹ 2456 (b added later above line); `Drohen' Wind. reading with YBL; perhaps it will be no smooth exchange of compliments? cf. fuaim na sgiath da sgaradh | nochar mīn an madar (magar v.l.), Celt. Rev. iii 304 (`it was no slight encounter' transl., taking magar as = ` fish-fry ', hence anything petty). mend cech maghar, ZCP viii 195 § 10. Cf. further: crand casmoṅgach n-a láim. magarscís echraide (of a driver in a chariot; for coaxing on weary horses?), LL 189b27 . is [ferr] lium in bainis anocht ná amáirech ach ce maith a maghair (scribe's note), O'Gr. Cat. 131.22 ; I had rather the wedding-feast were to-night than to-morrow, provided the fare (lit. baits) be good?