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cerdchae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cerdchae or dil.ie/8761
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: cerddchae, cerdcha

n , f. (1 cerd. Cf. cáe) IGT Decl. § 7 (g s. -ad, n pl. -ada). Later also n-stem. workshop, smithy : cerddchae gl. officina, Sg. 51b3 . cerdchae gl. conflatorium , Études Celt. xxii 212 § 64 . cāi .i. tech, unde dicitur cerdcha .i. tech cerda, Corm. Y 365 . būi G. goba isin c[h]erdcha og dēnam na n-armm, 975 . aith, ceardcha, Laws v 160.3 . cerdcha in goband, iii 190.y Comm. do mindlestraib na cerdcha workshop, 192.1 Comm. cerdcha gl. fabrica, Ir. Gl. 218 . dothaet in goba . . . assain cherdchai, LU 1877 . drem . . . dib i cerdchaib ic dénum arm, TTr.² 601 . re cerdcae ciormhaire, TFrag. 222.y . lan do thigibh amhail cherdcadaiph, BNnÉ 71 § 123 . lucht na cerdcha, Aisl. Tond. 131 § 4 (cf. lucht an dara cerdcha, ibid.). caor i gceardcha, Dán Dé x 9 . ar Choin na ceardcha Cú Chulainn, DDána 92.31 . i gceardchain 'na raibhe ceard chorcán gcriadh do dhéanamh, TSh. 312 .

Fig. bámar maráon i ccerdcaib goile ┐ gaisccidh, TBC St. 2898 . (Cf. air fheabhus a éoluis . . . a gceardchaibh goile ┐ gaisgidh, ITS xxiv 74.22 . re foghluim cerdcha goile ┐ gaisgidh, Dhá Sg. Art. 852.1165 .) ceardcha an áigh `the smithy of slaughter (i.e. battle-field)', Bard. Synt. Tr. 9. 197 § 7 . ríniadh ceardchan an chleasraidh, DDána 117.28 . Of a prince: ceardcha goile, 73.20 . Cf. na deighfhir . . . / ceardcha einigh na hÉireann, Top. Poems² 410 . teóra ceardcha 'nar chleacht sinn / áineas d'fagháil dom intinn / teach meabhraighthe . . . / teach luighe ar lochta . . . / teach breithibh gach gréasa gloin, Ir. Review 1913, 594 §§ 4 - 7 . trí ceardchadha congmhála / do dhreamuibh dile re dán `three forges that sustained', § 8 .

1 glé

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 glé or dil.ie/26020

 

I adj. clear, plain, evident: gl. liquido, Ml. 3a2 . gle glan ┐ glé gleithach, LL 395a13 = gleithech, Thr. Ir. Gl. § 9 . gle .i. glan, Stowe Gl. 423 . in bríathar ... is diuit et is glé, Wb. 17b4 . ni pi glæe ... anadchither tri themel, 12c12 . is glé limsa rombia buáid (gl. non quasi in incertum), 11a10 . is glae thegdais 'tis a fair house, Thes. ii 292.17 . glē la cāch ... ba for teithed luid C. remiseom it seemed evident to everyone ..., TBC-I¹ 1260 ; 569 . fo glé ra Nathcrantail (= ba doic la, St.), TBC-LL¹ 1956 . g.¤ lim it is clear to me, Fél. Ep. 494 . is gle is deimin, Hib. Min. 162 . do cheim glan gle, IT i 123.5 . geimreadh gaothmar glé `windy, glistening winter,' Ériu iii 148 § 4 . hallud ... | bói fora chrannaib glee, v 212.109 . co ceill ngle with clear sense, CCath. 7 . Used adverbially: glé no laiged isin ngeim, LU 644 ; 8650 . SR 1695 . gais gluassa gle, RC xx 252.11 (ACC). Of sound: acallais L. co glé, LU 3435 , ( SCC 20 ). Compar. ba soillsiu ┐ ba gleu gothuib doine, Ériu ii 100 § 8 . Fig. famous (?): terna Medb assin chath gle, CRR § 5 . do gléo garb gle, TBC-LL¹ 1657 . Cf. mo c[h]obrad frit ni hinglæ `my discourse ... not unrenowned,' Fianaig. 16.20 . Of intellect clear-headed (?): do duine temen is glē | bat cara bat cocēle, ZCP vi 268 § 14 . good, pleasing: gle limsa ... | bethu bocht is bith m'oenor, RC xx 252 § 53 (ACC Comm.). Common in chevilles: comal ṅ-gle, TBC-LL¹ 484 . monor ṅglē, Hy. i 37 . rūathar nglē, ZCP viii 116 § 4 . torruimh nglé, Laws i 288.28 Comm.

In Compds. bright, clear, pure, or intensive utter, complete (cf. similar use of Eng. `sheer').

(a) With nouns or adjj. ¤alt clear speech , SR 7659 ; .i. glain-innsce, O'Cl. ¤binn clear-melodious: gair na Gairbhe glebinne, Anecd. ii 23 § 1 . SG 24.26 . ¤bindius, ZCP iv 468 § 10 . ¤borb very vehement: grod-greasa ... gle-borba, MR 238.7 . ¤brath: robui nech díb 'coa glebrath clearly betraying , SR 7704 . ¤bréc pure falsehood: dremm in galair glé-bréce, Metr. Dinds. iii 72.80 . ¤chaíned loud lamentation: ar glechaíned ngním, KMMisc. 255 § 19 . ¤chert evidently right (?), SR 3574 , 3244 . ¤dall, IGT Decl. ex. 1929 . ¤dána very daring , SG 356.11 . ¤dedóil clear dawn , Metr. Dinds. iii 262.42 . AFM ii 644.21 . ¤denn bright-hued: fross martir már nglédenn, Fél. Feb. 1 . co glasmuir glēdend, Fianaig. 32.17 . RC xiii 466 § 77 . Anecd. i 58 § 70 . AFM ii 752.12 (poem). ¤deoin free will (?), Leb. Gab.(i) i 112.12 ; 124.6 . ¤dered the very end, SG 353.9 . ¤druimm bare back: co croicnib día ṅglédrommaib, SR 5560 . ¤duaibsech very dreadful: i n-gaistédaib gle-duaibsecha, MR 318.1 . ¤gasta: gruadha ... glegasta ` brilliant ,' Cog. 42.20 . ¤gel pure white: co culpaitib glégelaib, LU 1971 ( FA 4 ). RC xxvi 140.16 . TBC-LL¹ 5177 . tarb gle-gel, PH 7178 . ¤glan pure white, absolutely clean: i[n] dara huair di ba clam | ind uair aile ba gléglan, SR 3820 ; 7402 . Of sounds: guth gléghlan gaircce, BS 102.z . (BS²2nd ed. 1547). ¤graimm clear authority (?) (: éraim), SR 1467 . ¤lomm completely bare: mōel a cend uile ... co mmbī glēlomm, Corm. Y 1091 . ¤maisech, Fianaig. 86.4 . ¤medón the very middle: i ngle-medón gemel, Metr. Dinds. i 6.14 . go glémhedhon Geraltach, AFM v 1664.25 . TD 16.6 . ¤mer utterly mad (?), Rawl. 77a19 . ¤meth utter decay (?): a glé-meth nó a gair-sécle, `quick decay ,' Metr. Dinds. iii 230.64 . ¤molad clear praise: grés glé-molta, iv 24.30 . ¤nathir (of the rod changed into a serpent), SR 3856 . ¤nocht stark-naked: fon chlaidiub g., SR 7312 ; 1358 . ¤phudar manifest blunder: riasan gliaphudair, Auraic. 2040 . ¤phudrach manifestly blundering , 2048 . ¤rann a fair division: dorigni hÉssu in glérainn (sic leg.), SR 5164 . co nglé-raind, Metr. Dinds. iii 262.33 . ¤rath clear grace (?), SR 618 . Gorm. 17 . ¤thend: bendaigim é go gléthend ` heartily ,' BCC § 137 . ¤tholl pierced through: beid cassa is lāma loma | ... glētholla, ACL iii 239 § 22.

(b) With vbs. ¤loitid utterly destroys: vn. crícha bur nGall do gléloit, IGT Decl. ex. 681.

II As neut. subst. clearness, brightness: du thabairt doraid du glé, Thes. ii 294 § 8 . glē n-imrall a clearing of errors, Arch. Hib. ii 61 § 38 ( LL 183a21 ). gle cluíne, Bürgschaft § 60 . co ṅgle glanleir, SR 114 . buan a gle `lasting its brightness,' RC xxiv 284.9 . ard a ngle, 184.y . ? To this: uair ba faith, fri glea scél | uamun Déa mac n-Israhél, SR 399.

goibnide

Cite this: eDIL s.v. goibnide or dil.ie/26305

 

adj (gaibnide) io,iā pertaining to smith's work : dath an ghuail gaibhnidhe, BNnÉ 72.4 . dubithir gual ngoibnidi, ZCP xiii 256.23 . grod-greasa gaibnige le h-ordaibh iomtromaibh, MR 238.7 .

1 grés

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 grés or dil.ie/26613

 

n m., u.

I handicraft, workmanship, ornamentation, artistic work : gréss i n-óentig fri muintir, Triads 70 . ferr grés soos, LL 345c51 . columhain marmair ... cu saine gacha gresa fair, ZCP i 254.24 . Cairnech ... scribnid Ciarain, is iside roscríb in scribenn amra ... cona hilgressaib `with its many illuminations (?),' Fél.² lxii 5 . glantar do tech gressa lat `let your workshop be cleaned by you,' Ériu v 72.18 . Of the work of building a tower : iar scur in gréssa (: béssa) glanúair, Metr. Dinds. iii 412.26 . togbhus an eaglas go ndealbhadhaibh iongantachaibh ┐ go ngresaibh bregha `with wondrous carvings and brave ornaments,' BNnÉ 188.36 . seacht mbliadna tra robatar na descipuil forsin cuairt ┐ teora bliadna doib ic taispenad a ngresa i fus displaying their accomplishment at home, Auraic. 239 . indeoin in Daghdha ba druin | do grés Grinne, Celt. Rev. x 345.z . iomdha gréas na ghlas cherdcha ar an gcrannghail gcoinnealta, Ériu v 62.1 . a greis (leg. grés) gan locht ar a lār ornament without a flaw on its surface, Ériu ii 164.3 .

II needlework, embroidery, female accomplishments : fuath in gresa the pattern of the needlework, Laws i 152.24 . mad ingena nos-berat, non-alad fri druine ┐ gresa, ZCP i 422.1 . ni raibe bíad aile isin tigh acht ina fagadh-si ar a grés, RC xxvii 292 § 53 . ba halaind an ingin sin, eter cruth ┐ chéill ┐ gais ┐ gres ┐ genus, Ériu iii 168 § 25 . asaid in ingen iarsin eter ghenus ┐ grēs ┐ lēigenn, ACL iii 308 vi 9 . go niomad gach nuile ghrés ar thaobhuibh an thaorchotúin (= tsaorch.), Rel. Celt. ii 260.39 . is ré n-a linn fos do cuireadh gréasa is corthaire ... ar bhrataibh ar dtús i nÉirinn embroideries and fringes, Keat. ii 1915 . clūimh arna grés le gallmhnaoi, L. Cl. A. B. 98.128 . is meadhrach bíd maighdeana ag gréas a mbrat embroidering their cloaks, Ó Bruad. ii 206.1 .

III poetical composition, a work of art, a poem : ní gres luighthi co luathbras `no epithalamium rashly or perfunctorily made' (O'Gr.), Acall. 818 . do mheas mé ar mhalairt cceirde | seachna na ngréas ngaoidheilge, KMMisc. 242 § 3 . is a fidnemedaib fognitis filid a ngressa, O'Mulc. 830 . ní rob gerr mo grés glé-maith, Metr. Dinds. iii 346.102 . gréas do rithlearg composition of rhetoric, Content. xii 5 . ra ghreas laoidhe ar ar luigh san `in the poem on which he worked,' ib. xxii 13 . dealbhfad do Chormac mo chēidghrēs droighnighe, L. Cl. A. B. 146.1 . grés oirrdheirc do bhegan rann | do dhealbh misi, Rel. Celt. ii 289.16 . ná tug geall dod ghréaslaoidheadh, Content. xii 6 . luach mo ghréas im láimh, Hackett xix 16.

IV work, doings : i ciniudh imdergtha gach duine allos a[r] ngresa, RC xiv 54.2 . ro taisben doib a gres o ro scarsat, Laws i 22.2 . teora bliadna doib ic taispenad a ngresa `three years in displaying their studies,' Auraic. 239 = 2554 .

1 gres(s)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 gres(s) or dil.ie/26611

 

n ā, f. ( IGT Decl. § 39 ) band of guests ; a guest : g s. cacha mbiam frisin greis donnainic, Anecd. i 40.19 . erpais a athair tine sailli dí do broth don gres, Lism. L. 319.23 = Irish Texts i 4 § 10 . is ardgres liath ... ticc cucad, Ériu viii 121.12 . pl. madh gresa oclaic[h] ... ticc `warrior guests,' ib. 121.24 . ┐ as as tecaid na gressa, ib. 121.25 . do gressaib ┐ glammaib dar cend a n-enig, TBC-LL¹ 1737 . fáitte Medb na drúith ┐ na glámma ┐ na crúadgressa ar cend Ḟir Diad, ib. 3018 . forslaicthe ar chinn cliar ocus coinneamh, greas ocus glamh, MR 104.1 . fled gres, ACL iii 306 § 12 . greasa .i. áoidheadha no lucht énuaire, O'Cl.

2 gres(s)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 gres(s) or dil.ie/26612
Last Revised: 2013

 

n ā, f.

I an attack, a hostile encounter, an onset : trom immorro in gress rolasat `... the attack they delivered,' RC viii 56.9 . amnass ... in gress rollasat, RC xiii 456.17 . díghaltach greise a champion (i.e. the avenger of an aggression), MR 310.18 . is mo art fine 'ca focul | bith 'sa cath ag tnúthgreis, Fianaig. 82.6 . locud mo gréise (greisi v.l.) ceníl `shrinking from my tribal attack' ?, O'Dav. 581. . .. na greiss gúir | noberad leis cenn Saúil, SR 6395 . is gnáth iar ngreiss co torud | bág fri feiss fri fledugud, Metr. Dinds. iii 350.39 . cipē bess for greiss whosoever be attacking, RC xiii 114.12 . do foillsighedh iofrann dó, go ngreis d'anmannaibh adhuathmura ann `with an onset ...,' BNnÉ 185 § 19 . gress fola fordergi ... do ferthain asin nell sin `an onrush of crimson blood,' RC xxviii 310 § 7 . (m.?) īar ngreis galach | cen anad ropo leis Ailech, Arch. Hib. ii 49 § 24 . greis .i. orgain, O'Cl. pl. arfich a n-gressu, LU 8313 ( FB 23 ). dóeme a mmórgressa ocus a mmóraurgala, ib. 8148 ( FB 11 ). doberot side gressa an cathae do Lugh, RC xii 83 § 83 . isé in mac-sa ferfas bar ngresa uile, ZCP v 504.5 . ce do-rairg gressa don phurt, Sc.M² 22.8 . am chur fri chruaidhghreasaibh, Todd Lect. iv 98.15 ( CRR² 39 ). Gnáth-hūaraib ar gressaib gal | glenaid luch inna lín-sam, GOI ii 40 § 4 ( Thes. ii 293.20 ). ria ṅgressaib athar Solman, ZCP iii 22.20 ? = 1 grés. i n-éagmais a ndearnadh do ghreasuibh (sic leg. ; ghrasuibh, MS) ┐ d'ionnsaighthuibh, Ériu i 80.22 . Scīath ... co ngēire ngus agus ngreas, ZCP viii 227 § 7.

II an attack on the honour, an insult, an injury : is fēli dō ... a imfolach, intan teithes ria nōenḟer ; ol nīpo mōo a greis (gress, LU) do andās do Ultaib archena, TBC-I¹ 1268 . combai cen diamra fo greis, SR 6714 . docain co glerdaith cen greis, 1021 . ba gress ┐ ba imdergad mór dont shlúag anísin, RC viii 50.13 . díl gresse d'emain t'óen-rosc `one of thy eyes is a satisfaction for my insult,' Metr. Dinds. iii 342.56 . ba gress don deóra dagḟir | a chuit feóla i n-óenmagin, ib. 162.11 . ri cen grain, cen gris, cen greiss (: eisleis), SR 2561 . .iii. lecca liss Luigdech .i. gress ┐ ruicci ┐ mebul, RC xxiii 324.30 . cach gres, cach enechruice, is for cintaib treisi ata, Laws i 162.x . coic seoit ina díriu do neoch iss gress do dia eneclann, iv 308.25 . i n-digail (sic leg.) na greise truime tucadh ar a enec, ib. 66.32 . dígal greise avenging an injury or insult, vendetta : aire echta, is é side condera a gresa, O'Dav. 637 . airi echta in tAengus Gabuaidech ac dígail greisi ceniuil a tuathaib Luigne, Laws iii 82.8 . forimtecht digla do greise, ib. v 296.19 . boi Oengus ic dígail gressi ceneoil i cociud Conacht, LU 4344 . nocha rabha dioghal greis na treis for lar Breghmhaighe, AFM i 360.12 (an. 758) . digaltach greise a champion : cid cia fer uaind budh beó de, | nách budh díghaltach greise, MR 310.18 .

III an essay, an attempt, a bout, a turn, the amount of any thing done at a time (? also m. in this sense) : cé dogénsam ainmne uime | frisin cédgreis (: ēislis) upon the first offence (?), ACL iii 295 § 22 . greas for indeoin striking on an anvil, Laws v 474.1 ; 486.24 . Colam Collereach gaba na tri fhuargres `of the three cold strokes,' ib. 472.7 Comm. Goibniu goba faciebat hastas fri teōra gresa, ┐ ba fēith in tress gress, Corm. Y 975 = fria teorai gressai, RC xii 92.z . ata gobae liond cenai .i. Colum Cuaolléinech teorae nua-gres `of the three new processes,' RC xii 76.10 . grod-greasa gaibnige le h-ordaibh keen blows of smithcraft with hammers, MR 238.7 . do ghlac an ghreis mharcuigheachta ar feadh an fhaid cheadna, ITS i 36.12 . gnathaigheadh a mothrach re greas do laeib iad let him take them early for a certain number of days, 23 P 10³, 65a17 . mar mhnáibh dá ngáirinn greasa if, like women, I were to get fits of shrieking, Ó Bruad. ii 242.y .

grot

Cite this: eDIL s.v. grot or dil.ie/26702
Last Revised: 2019

 

adj I quick, active, hasty : do bruchtdhoirtedar na catha ... co grod ┐ gu garb ┐ co gaibhtheach, CF 730 . ēirig-si roim cach go grott, ZCP vi 272 § 7 . nā dēna fāisdine grod `do not make a hurried confession,' vii 301 § 7 . trí céd láoch go ngniom ngrod of swift deed, Duan. F. ii 20 § 4 . níor bheithte trá ro-ghrod rum `people should not be too hasty with me,' Content. x § 28 . imthigh go grod, Studies 1922, 80 § 1 .Superl. gruidem dal .i. fraech, Anecd. iii 43.24 . dream díbh is groide 'the group of them that are fleetest of foot', Giolla Brighde 34 § 20 ​. ar ti fillte go grod tar a n-ais (= post non longum tempus reversuri), Keat. ii 6124 . go grod i ndiaidh báis Choluim-cille `shortly after ...,' Keat. i 80.89 . as a n-aibeoram go grod presently, Luc. Fid. 187.13 . na déna banais ... ó thús Adueint go grod go da la .x. d'éis Nodhlog, Mac Aingil 272.6 .

II smart, sharp, piercing : seach ifreann ngarbh ngrod, ZCP vi 270.2 . is grod an mhairg d'fhearaibh Éirionn | oscuilt chneadh ar dhreagan Déirdre, Ó Bruad. i 52.1 . Of the winds : in gaeth grod gailbech, Acall. 3642 n . gaotha géara grodneimhneacha, ITS i 132.32 .

III bitter, sour : gruiten .i. groitsean seach is sean is grot .i. is goirt, or grot cach ṅguirt, unde dicitur groitmess .i. goirtmess, Thr. Ir. Gl. p. 24 (s.v. gruiten) = Corm. Y 692 . `grod .i. gort, sour, tart . groidmeas bitter fruit, musty, rotten fruit,' P. O'C. grod rotten , MacBain .

Compds. ¤airlam : dothoitedar na geimlecha co grod-urrlum de instantly, ZCP vi 287.10 . ¤athlamh : tuguibhsi an adbhansa go glésda gradathlamh, Rel. Celt. ii 190.36 . ¤écnech precipitate : an ghairbh-iachtach ghāibhtheach ghroid-ēigneach chuirid asta, TSh. 6705 . ¤fhoclach of hasty words, voluble : iomdha ann ... glámh garbh-ghothach greadhnach grod-fhoclach, ib. 6626 . ¤greas quick bout : grod-greasa gaibnige le h-ordaibh, MR 238.7 . ¤luamain flitting about : gair-ghlór ┐ grod-luamhain na ngruagach rompa ann, Todd Lect. iv 70.25 ( CRR² 18 ). ¤mire : re gruamdacht ┐ re grodmire na nGaedal, MR 230.11 . ¤píanad : ar an mbróin ngeimhligh ngiall bhíos 'gá ngroid-phianadh ann, TSh. 6684 . ¤spairn : ón ghrod-spairn sin re chéile, ib. 6646 .