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fésóc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fésóc or dil.ie/21792

 

Forms: fesog, fésóga, fesóige

n ā, f. (dim. of 2 fés) a beard: fesog (gl. barba), Ir. Gl. 47 . f.¤ grennach, findfad liath, Thr. Ir. Gl. 11 s.v. crontṡaile. [a] fesoc no a n-ulca na fear, Laws iii 354.8 Comm. an uair tuc lam tar a agaid ni ḟuair finda n-ulchan na fésóige fuirre, Anecd. i 76.19 . moethmaccoemh ōg gan ulchain gan ḟésoig, TBC-LL¹ 2264 . do bhí féasóg ar bhfás air (humorously, of bad butter) TD 37.2 . grúag mo chinn ┐ mféusóige, Ezra ix 3 . pl. fésóga, 2 Samuel x 5 . Longgabarbi asa tuicther lucht na fesoc bfoda, ZCP xiii 180.10 . Cf. creach na fésoicce la Tighernán Ua Ruairc, AFM ii 1040.21 . Cf. n.l. Leaca·na fesóige `the name of a hillside near Bantry' ACL i 183 .

1 garb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 garb or dil.ie/25380
Last Revised: 2019

 

adj o,ā rough, rugged, coarse; rude, harsh (of physical and moral qualities): talam garb ganmide, FA 30 . folt ṅ-garb, TBC-LL¹ 5386 . léne garb threbnaid, 5388 . in Morrigan i riocht saidhi gairbi, 2302 . fiuchud na fergge fir-gairbe, 2616 . sacart cemad garb a guth, ACL iii 222.11 . romarbadh leis, garb in scēl, Eoin, Ériu iv 174 § 3 . garb nochrach a crand mbith, O'Dav. 233. Cf. IT iii 51.3 . gleó garbh, Oss. iv 2.4 . ch garbh (i.e. hard as in cloch) ... ch mín (as in braich), IGT Introd. § 48 . sneachta garbh, Dán Dé v 41 . a chneas garbh (to a sword) `form so harsh !' TD 33.2 . pl. goetha ... garba gemreta, FA 30 (LB). for beraib ruadaib rogarbaib, PH 8294 . broit garba gæsidecha, TTebe 1528 . fiacla garba goinideacha, 905 . géindte garba `rough gentiles,' MacCarthy 408.12 . In gramm. con(n)suin(e) garb a voiceless continuant (see Phil. Soc. Trans. lxiv (1965/66) 151 ): as cóir connsuine crúaidh ┐ connsuine garbh re hénchonnsuine mbog, IGT Introd. § 54 . an tan teaguimh dá chonnsuine gharbha dá chéile, § 106 . Note also: téid sealbhadh ruis i ruis ngairbh 'the sealbhadh of r becomes 'rough' r', Éigse xxxvi 39 § 6, 83 . muin teann, nion teann ... luis teann, ngéadar, ruis rogharbh 'unlenited m, nn ... ll, ng, rr', Celtica xxvii 59 § 7 . Equative garbidir draigen, ZCP ix 452.29 . Compar. ní ba gairbe a ngním nó a ngleó, Metr. Dinds. iii 380.16 . cid as gairbi tracht, ZCP xiii 272.5 . Superl. cía gairbem (MSS gairbium) ránac? 'who are the coarsest you have met?', BFF 164 § 8.17 .

Compds. ¤achad a rough field : tre garbacdaib ... drislechaibh, CCath. 3417 . ¤ainech: laoch garboinech, TBC-LL¹, p. 775, n. 2 . ZCP ix 456.15 . ¤all a rugged cliff , CCath. 2878 . ¤arán coarse bread : do garbarán chorca, MacCongl. 89.16 . ¤armach: Gian g. `rough-weaponed Gyas,' TTebe 3564 . ¤betha: cruadhbetha no gairbbetha, O'Dav. 338 . ¤brat a rough cloak : garb-bruit ruain[n]igh, ib. ¤cacht rude bondage , SR 2227 . ¤cennacht harsh authority , ZCP viii 230 § 13 . ¤cess rude suffering , SR 918 . ¤cluiche rough sport (of war) : romarbus dom garbcluchi, TBC-LL¹ 4199 . torcratar ... do garbcluithe Troiannae, LL 408a40 ( TTr. 2221 ). ¤cóiced: ricche an gharbh-chóigidh .i. Tuadmuman, ZCP x 8.5 . ¤conghair rough clamour , CCath. 4332 . ¤dordán harsh crooning , ib. 4008 . ¤driuch bristles , Lism. L. 2212 . ¤ecor a rough (jagged ?) row : garbeccur ... do birfiaclaibh, CCath. 4026 . ¤escuir of rough growth (?): a lion scoid gairbescuir ra a cnes 'a rough linen cloth next her skin' ZCP xxxvi 71 . ¤fáiscim I squeeze roughly : go ngairbhfaiscend iad, Aisl. Tond. 109 § 4 . ¤ferann rough-land (in n. l.) : Gairbḟerand claidim Luigdech, RC xxiv 186.17 . Cf. Keat. i 126.13 . garbhferann na Gaillia, CCath. 152 . ¤findach rough-haired : madra gairbhḟindach, Acall. 1900 . ¤fregartach giving rough answers, MR 150.22 . ¤gáel : mac Fergusa Gairbgæla, BB 114 f. 41 . Genelach sil Gairbgaela, ib. 33 . ¤gaeth rough wind : fri garbgaetha, SR 4288 . ¤geimlech of cruel fetters : triath gairbhgheimlech, Top. Poems 70.9 = maidhmneimhneach, Top. Poems² 823 . ¤glac a rugged hand : meoir cromma ... for a garbglacaip, CCath. 4030 . ¤glés harsh tuning , Anecd. ii 7.6 . ¤gothach: glámh garbh-ghothach, TSh. 6626 . ¤greim rude force , SR 6286 . ¤ grennach rough-bearded , ib. 5784 . ¤lestar a roughly-fashioned vessel : do minlestraib ... no do gairblestraib, O'Curry 929 ( H 3.18, 406 ). ¤linntech with stormy waters , CF 288 . ¤loiscthech fiercely burning , MR 112.21 . ¤lus (botan.) goldylocks, goosegrass , Ó Bruad. iii 134.6 . ? ¤rón: mór cath ngarbrōn (: Arnōn), SR 4675 = garb-brón, W.S. eclach ... glunmar garbron, BB 257b9 . ¤sín rough weather, storm : ainbthine ... na gairbhsíne gemreta, CCath. 166 . AFM vi 2220.10 . fásaidh gaoth ... is gairbhshíon, L. Cl. A. B. xli 17 . ¤snaide rough hewing : tamain troma do giuis arna garb-snoidi, TTebe 1475 . ¤snoidte rough-hewn : an gius ngarbhsnoighthe, 3674 . ¤sruth rough stream , SR 1678 (of the Tigris). ¤tana (epithet of hell) rough and narrow (?), RC xxvi 362.y . ¤tanach (tonach) rough washing (as place-name), Acall. 4173 . ¤tene fierce fire : ilar casrach ṅgarb-thened, SR 902 . ¤tír rough land : ceithri triucha na garbthire frisa raiter Tír Conaill aníu, Acall. 2730 . on lo do-cuir sen Clann Ir | Conull Gulban don gairbhthír, Irish Texts ii 7 § 8 . ¤tond rough wave , CCath. 2791 . ¤torand rough thunder , RC xxvi 148.10 . ¤trian rough third (in n. l.): i nGairbhthrian Connacht (i.e. Leitrim, Longford and Cavan), AFM iii 196.13 .

As npr m. see Heldensage. (Index); RC xiv 414.16 . Garb mac Ronain, BCC § 175 . Rawl. 144f12 . Garb mac Bicne Caích, 129b42 .

grendach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. grendach or dil.ie/26601

 

adj (1 grend) o,ā hairy, bristly, rough : fésóc grennach findfad liath, Thr. Ir. Gl. p. 11 (sub crontṡaile). urgrándha ina harrocht ghrendach ... glend-ṡuilech, Anecd. i 77.4 . ria ṅGola ṅgér garbgrennach, SR 5784 . in sráb sen-grennach `the hoary-bristled drove of swine,' Metr. Dinds. iii 404.12 ; iv 188.40 . ingen do Ner garbh, grendach (gl. fionnfadhach), Leb. Gab.(i) i 52.7 . do-ní an bás an corp greannach nó easgcaoin, TSh. 1266 . gríobh ghreannach ghob-lom, 6623 . Of hell : áit i bhfuil gairbheagar glas-odhar ... greannach, 6664 . ? As a noun : nior dhuibhe greannach grainemhail geimridh `not darker the hideous hue of winter,' Ériu v 174.184 .

grennach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. grennach or dil.ie/26605

 

x see grendach.

sníïd

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sníïd or dil.ie/38166
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: sním

v IGT Verbs § 37 . Hamp suggests that (b) and (c) are from a different root to (a), BBCS xxv 296 .

(a) twists, binds, ties : tópacht . . . cét-bunni darach . . . ┐ ro sniastar . . . ┐ doringni id de twisted it and made a band of it, TBC-LL¹ 564 . inní sníes trena brat .i. a dealg that which he twists through his mantle, O'Dav. 315 . Cf. fa shelgaibh im cíchibh Cúalann | sníthir delgain gúaland ngeal, IGT Decl. ex. 302 . ind lochta . . . | sníset Ossín fon tiprait who bound O., Metr. Dinds. iii 252.136 v.l. (fúaigset, text). Of the wrenching of weapons in battle: rosníid (ro-snigid, MS.) a slegha re sirthuargain, Ériu viii 34.y . do sníetar na slegha ris na sír-sháitaib, Celt. Rev. iii 202.z . ro sníit a slegha da semannaib, Manners and Customs ii 241 . Cf. sní shlait, no do shníeas shlait, IGT Introd. 20.1 . Metaph. of a person (cf. (c) infra): slat nach sní tréinfhine Tháil, Ériu ix 165 § 21 . ? mas ar druim ech ṅdond atáit | droṅg sreth sniit `they twist (spin, i.e. extend) a line of hosts' (Notes), MU² 443 (perh. to (b)). is `ós neoch' rosníad ar tech | conid deseo bías Uisnech (do gniad, etc., v.l.) `our house was built', Metr. Dinds. ii 44.43 . Note also: céile deabhtha i ndiaidh do ghona | gerr go sníthe snáithe a ré his thread of life would soon be spun, L. Cl. A. B. 199.78 (cf. CCath. 4180 cited s.v. sním I (a)).

(b) contends, struggles, strives after: snisiot .i. dorighnead(h)ar cosnamh, no cathughadh, O'Cl. ? cen sním, cen saethar sníid, SR 8378 . crābud ar bith nī baethar, | maith in sāethar dia sníthar good the labour if one strives (?), ZCP vi 264 § 3 . gnísit cath ciana . . . | snisit fri fíana ferdroṅg, SR 6514 . o ssniastar side in flaith a comarbus a hathar when she sought the succession to the sovereignty, ACL iii 325.19 . Muredach Snithi .i. ro-shní rígi h-Erend dó féin sought to gain (?), LL 313b44 . snísit (sic leg.) im tuinithi thend | indse airegda hÉrend `they strove for the mighty possession of . . . Ireland', Ériu iv 136.23 . hÉre conuaill . . . | sniset sluaigh for a senmoigh, Leb. Gab.(i) 154.13 , glossed: do bator sluaigh ag iomcosnadh ┐ ag coimsinedh re aroile. ar cach n-omgním gníset so | sníset a comlín chucco `inflicted the like number upon them', Metr. Dinds. iii 4.48 .

(c) grieves, troubles, vexes: rodasní `he caused them grief', Metr. Dinds. ii 38.39 . iii 282.81 . snithter neart cineoil Conaill `the power of C. C. will be cut off' (is damaged?), Fen. 244.z . nach taighlim na trí ceardcha | do shní fhaighlinn mh'aigeanta `wears away (has worn ?) the armoury of my mind', Ir. Review 1913, 594 § 4 . gibé thí do thaobh t'eachtra, | do shní, a Aodh, ar n-aigeanta, Studies 1921, 74 § 10 . ro shní mh'aithne is mh'urlabhra, Dánta Gr. 28.28 . cúis ar sgarthana is sí soin; | ro-m-shní `it has grieved me', KMMisc. 242 § 3 . laochbhás mo Dhé an sás rom sní, Aithd. D. 58.24 .

Meaning doubtful in: sníset co cóir a cainti, | rochisset ar morḟailti (of Joseph's brothers on rediscovering him), SR 3639 `mingled their lamentations', Metr. Dinds. v 296 , `wind up, finish', Plummer MS. notes. ? atubairt nara mó a mebol dó-som cid fair ra sniestar andás do lín in choblaig uli, LL 223b37 ( TTr. 480 ). Acc. to Met. Dinds. Corr. for sínid in: sniid uan ra bagh reimmas, Metr. Dinds. iii 90.24 v.l. `be gone from us', 552 . a Collomair . . . | rosní in sráb sen-grennach `from C. . . . the hoary-bristled drove wrought havoc', 404.12 . Perh. also in: Sen-Garman 'sa mac co mbail | sníset fri fat hi fogail (sinata fad, v.l.) `harassed and plundered far and wide', Metr. Dinds. iii 244.30 .

Vn. sním.

sráb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sráb or dil.ie/38715

 

Forms: sraíb

n [u]. Perh. orig. n., cf. sráb tinedh nomhoidís asna saighdibh, Cóir Anm. 115 . Also sraíb?

(a) Orig. perh. stream: co mbátar lanaib lerggaib | dona srábaib srebdergaib (ref. to streams of blood?), SR 6780 `heaps of slain (or fugitives)', Met. Dinds. Gl. s.v. sráb, see (b) infra. In etymological gloss: Fiacha Sroibtine .i. sráib (= sraíb?) tenedh tucad inna longaib, Cóir Anm. 115 . See 1 sraib and O'Dav. 1491 s.v. sraibtine. fá shraoib ndinnlíghel ndroibhél `by some stream', O'Gr. Cat. 461.9 .

(b) multitude, host, herd, drove (of people, animals): srábh .i. iomad, O'Cl. brūis srābu sīl Chuinn (`Angriffe'), Ält. Ir. Dicht. 18 § 17 . anci[d] C. īatt uile | . . . ōn t[s]rāb dobōi ga celgad, BColm. 90.12 . fri s.¤ (.i. forlán, see BColm. Gl.) ndomuin bad ḟethmech `against the brood of the world', Ériu iii 96 § 8 `the common herd', Met. Dinds. Gl. s.v. sráb. tri dán tucsat for Raigne | s.¤ na Gallia `the populace of Gaul', Metr. Dinds. iii 194.6 . serb-dremm i rechtaib rúad-mucc | . . . | rosní in s.¤ sen-grennach `the hoary-bristled drove', 404.12 .