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faithche, faidche

Cite this: eDIL s.v. faithche, faidche or dil.ie/21214
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: -d-, faith-, faig-, faithche

n , f. Does not occur in Glosses. The form with -d- is common in LL, beside faith- and faig-. It may well be the earlier form. A green or lawn in front of a fort or residence or church; an open space in or before a city; public square, courtyard ( Celtica xviii 89 ); a green meadow, or playingfield; sometimes referred to as a place for cattle: fait[h]che .i. feth-chaí .i. conair iarna fethughadh .i. iarna reidhiughudh (i.e. a levelled space). Corm. Y 628 . a platea .i. on faithche, 1073 . fail ann faithchi cach doruis a green before each gate SR 373 . Defined in Laws: issí in faithchi techta ... ni ro saig guth cluicc no gairm cailig cercc, Laws iv 194.2 . frithe faiche a waif of [i.e. found on] a green v 320.8 , with gl: .i. dogabur isin faithce .i. isna ceithri gortaib is neasum don baile, 322.9 . is eadh is faithi ann: na ceithri guirt is nesa don baile .i. gort gacha hairde ime ┐ cidh in sliabh is nesa don bhaile rob amail faithe amach, O'Curry 1793 ( 23 Q 6 41a ). faichti blaithe, MacCarthy 40z (= brugi bláthi, SR 477 ). faithchi lána ... cuile fása greens swarming [with beggars ?] ... empty larders (?) ZCP viii 196.15 (signs of a decadent period). oircc peata bis a lis no a faitche lingeas eirlim a ngort faithche `which is kept in an enclosure or in a green, which makes airlim- trespasses into the garden of the green' Laws iv 108.10 . do loddur ... asind gurt tarsa ceim isind faichti, Mon. Tall. § 7 . im nemdenam na himi bis itir na gurta arba ┐ na faithchi feoir, Laws i 216.15 Comm. bit lir ... fér for faichthi, BDD 89 . tucait a murthréta caírech d'aicthib ┐ d'urlannaib ┐ redib, TBC-LL¹ 68 (do faithchibh v.l. Windisch observes that aicthib may belong to ached). mētithir ... óen na prīmbili bís for faidchi prīmdúni, 1816 . dūn rīg cona faiche ... faiche briugad, faiche fili (places where fighting is forbidden), Laws v 302 x , z 0 . hi faichthi na bruidni, BDD 56 . ro marbtha ... sethnón na faidchi, LL 261a2 = IT i 76.9 . hi faithci uasalnemid, Laws i 92.1 . ceall gen faithche, iv 6.9 . for faidchi na hEmna, LL 260b41 = IT i 75.17 . forsin faichthi ina Temrach, RC xxiv 190 . triallsat troscud ... for faithche Cruachna Connacht, Metr. Dinds. iii 446.80 (of guarantors enforcing a claim; see ZCP xv 265 ). faidche in dunaid [where dúnad is used loosely, corresp. to tech, TBC-LL¹ 996 , dún, 964 ] TBC-LL¹ 1017 . tarmlaing ... assin charput for ind ḟaichthe. amlaid boí faichthi in dunaid ┐ corthi furri ..., 1228 . tarblaingset in slúag for inn faidchi, LL 265b26 ( MU² 506 ). suidset ... for inn achthi ib. LL 27 ( MU² 507 ). uas faigthi in baile (marg. gl. on: as bla brune) LL 206a39 (= Metr. Dinds. iv 368 ). luidh P. ... co dun Nais, ata lathrach pupla P. i fhaighthi fria sligid anair, Lism. L. 397 . ar faithci a dúnadh, ZCP vi 280.32 . géill ... | dá bhfógra ar faithche a dhúna, TD 10.42 . hi ḟaichthi Chorccaige, LB 215a24 ( MacCongl. 31 ). go Cill Mhaighneann ┐ go faithche Átha Cliath, Ériu i 83.21 . ed risan imred oencluchi do fidchill for fagthi Maigi Adar, Cog. 66.6 . rochidis ... faicheda fondglasa na Tebi, TTebe 2733 . rochrithnaigsedar faichtega (faithcedha v.l.) ┐ tulcha na Teibi, 3500 . isinn faithche os in cathraig (= in pavimento ... civitatis) Todd Nenn. 66.2 (aithche, aidhchi v.l.). In phrases: is crích bidbad so ┐ ni faidchi airurais a green for play TBC-LL¹ 1240 . as faighthe namhad, ZCP x 283.26 . Gen. as attrib.: feidhneóir fíoruallach faithche trooper of the lawn (used of a braggart; equivalent to carpet-knight ?) TSh. 1720 .

gemar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gemar or dil.ie/25618

 

n o, m. IGT Decl. § 11 . green corn, corn in the blade: uaine a gheamhar, Top. Poems 120.9 . fogamur .i. fo gemur .i. dag gemur: dagh .i. cruithnecht, Thr. Ir. Gl. 20.z ; IGT Decl. ex. 622 . denaid gurta gemhair, BNnÉ 309.x . ZCP x 44.12 . Hy Fiach. 274.4 . AU ii 462.6 . AFM v 1678.10 . conár fhágaibhset ... gort na gemhar ... cen loscad, ALC i 566.6 . an gort do bheith deagh-mhaiseach 'na gheamhar, TSh. 9120 ; ib. 9132 . ar tús an geamhar, agus na dhiaigh sin déus agus na dhiaigh sin arbhar iomlán, Mark iv 28 . geamhar ó lár ag tacmhuing tréinfheadha Studies 1929, 594.8 . Mé an gort nach tig a tharadh | tig gach gort mar a gheamhar, DDána 10 § 14.

1 gort

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 gort or dil.ie/26421

 

Forms: Gort

n (also gart) o, m. (orig. neut.? Cf. Gort mBūraig n. l., Heldensage, p. 218.14 ; TBC-I¹ 3677 ). IGT Decl. § 67 , § 68 .

I

(a) a field (of arable or pasture land): gl. seges, Sg. 66b7 . in gort arba, Auraic. 5559 . a farradh an ghuirt feoir no arbair, Laws iv 86.5 . lathe búana ... ba tair coidchi inna gort till evening there was dry weather in her field, Thes. ii 334.4 = Hy. v 30 . ain cethra as do gurt, Laws v 136.7 . oircc peata ... lingeas eirlím a ngort faithche ... that jumps into the garden of the green, ib. iv 108.9 . na ceithri guirt is nesa do'n baili, v 328.8 Comm. doloddursom ... asind gurt ... tarsa ceim isind faichti, Mon. Tall. § 7 . gart cen buain, CCath. 316 . gart gráinremhar, IGT Decl. ex. 342 . ní bhí gart dall ina dhomhan there is no untilled field in his domain, KMMisc. 174 § 36 . nī thabair gilla ar a gart | tūar mar thorad na mbennacht, ACL iii 244 § 2 . o gortaib (gartaibh v.l.) Greg, TTebe 4335 . a Christ, a grían os cach gurt, Trip. ii 540.18 ( LL 131b32 ). imma síd, imma saergort, Metr. Dinds. iii 452.44 . ní gort d'ar as a ḟíaghuil, IGT Decl. ex. 668 . fásaidh grán tré gh.¤ gan bhrígh, Dán Dé xxxi 10 . leagaidh iomad toirtheamhlachta an gort (= segetem nimia sternit ubertas), TSh. 6992 . guirt gan buain, AFM iii 544.10 . túaraṡdal an lochda oibre noch dho bhean bhur nguirt, James v 4 . ro chuir ... na eocho hi fergort, LU 8514 ( FB 36 ).

(b) a field of battle: dáine is dían ar gurt mad glecc, Metr. Dinds. iii 192.43 . dar n-anacol ar cach ṅg.¤ | na hágum olc na hág, LL 308b17 ( SG 389.34 ). i ngurt gaisccidh, AFM vi 2234.18 . i ngurt gábhaidh in the field of danger, 2236.6 . tú a sgiath díona i ngurt ghábhaidh, TD 27.28 . sníomh do dhornchla i ngurt ghábhaidh, 10.29 . tús guirt nach tiubhradh do Thamarlánaibh precedence in the field ..., Ó Bruad. iii 40.7 . rug buadha an ghuirt, 168.6 .

(c) land, territory: san ghurt bhraonnuaidhe bhinn (i.e. Ireland), TD 17.18 . ní dheachaidh g.¤ gan ghabháil | díobh soir go sruth Orthanáin, ib. 23 . Fig. gort iad nach roich a robáil | a chine `a field that cannot be harried is his race,' Content. xxv 12 . G.¤ Nuadhat (poetic term for Ireland): maithe ghuirt Nuadhat nobles of Ireland, Ó Bruad. iii 166.2 . Cf. a shaorghuirt Fhéidhlim (same meaning), Hackett xv 17 . g.¤ gabhála (see gabál), a fenced field (?): sliab na gortaib gabála the mountains [allotted] all in fenced fields, O'Gr. Cat. 374.29 . aball-gort, an apple-yard, an orchard , see aball-; ith-gort a corn-field , see ith-.

Compds. ¤ḟoithneadh: fonn sámh na ngortḟoithneadh of the fertile nooks , TD 2.15 . ¤glan (epithet) of the clear fields: ar fat na Grecci gartgloine, TTebe 249 . tarsna bruig[ib] ... gartglana Gregda, 1089 . ¤glanad act of weeding , Laws i 134.15 Comm.

II a corn-crop, standing corn: arnā comblaisset na bāi in[na] gurta , Corm. Y 674 . loiscther ... o shaignénu na guirt úrai, ┐ pappe ┐ blatha na fínemna, PH 4242 . gerraid sí (i.e. locusta) ... toraid ┐ guirt ... di-a fiaclaib, 7661 . ni tanccatar guirt in tire ina n-aipche, CCath. 3502 . dogherr a nguirt uile, AU iii 64.2 (an. 1412) . Cf. guirt gemhair Erenn do dhul a mugudha `the green crops of Ireland went to nought,' AU ii 462.6 .

imbe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. imbe or dil.ie/27297

 

Forms: imbe, íme, imbi, himi, ime, ime, imbib, himeda, imeada, imeduib

vn. of imm-fen. io, n. later f. n s. á n-imbe , Ml. 102a13 . ín íme , Laws iv 140.z. Comm. g s. imbi, Críth G. 247. na himi , Laws i 216.14 Comm. d s. ime, v 462.28 Comm. n p. ime, iv 72.4 . d p. imbib, Ml. 110b2 . Also with dental inflexion : n p. na himeda , O'D. 1569 ( H 5.15, p. 4 b ). a p. imeada, O'D. 2263 ( Rawl. B 506, fo. 22d ). d p. imeduib, Laws v 270.20 Comm.

(a) the act of fencing or hedging: ria ré imbi before fencing time, Críth G. 247. is ima ime ocus ima gort-glanad ro gabadh in athgabail `it was for fencing and weeding it the distress was taken,' Laws i 134.15 Comm. do-gnít na braithre a lá n-air, a la [m]buana, a la n-ime, O'Curry 379 ( H 3.18, p. 214b ). bern ... no bid cach ica gressacht imma immi `urging him to close it,' RC viii 54.21 .

(b) fence, hedge: á n-imbe bís immun fini ón, Ml. 102a13 . hua imbib gl. sepibus, 110b2 . tuinech torachta rosrig | im thalmain contib (facs. seems to read condib) immib he bound a circular fold round the earth with two divisions, SR 192. imbe n-indraic a satisfactory hedge, Laws iv 118.28 Comm. co[r] clandad leo ín íme fa trí, 140.z Comm. in athgabail gabur im nemdenam na himi bis itir na gurta arba ocus na faithchi feoir, i 216.14 Comm. ceithre ime do cuisin: clais, cora, duirime, felmad, iv 72.4 . imeda urcradacha ... garad ┐ galam ┐ log, O'D. 1569 ( H 5.15, p. 4 col. 2 ). trí dubthrebtha : tuga co fúatchai, imme co forṅgaire, tírad co n-aurgorad `putting up a fence with a proclamation of trespass,' Triads 140. ba cathir cen immi (of Troy after Hector's death), TTr.² 1209. feth .i. ime, ut est fobith is cach cond ar econn feth `every person sui iuris is a fence for the witless,' O'Dav. 827.

(c) a weir, dam: ime do denam ar cinn eisc na flatha, O'Dav. 60. im aire fri sruth .i. ime ar cind in srotha, Laws i 204.25 Comm. mor imme mor for Sinaind, Rawl. B 503, fo. 19f. (Plummer MS notes).

(d) In the Laws as a gloss to 1 fál in the sense of a legal bar or barrier: fal fine .i. in n-ime doni in fer fine ica[s] a cinta, Laws v 500.18 Comm. fal fir crenas .i. in ime do-ni in fear cennaiges in ferund ar log mbec, 502.24 Comm.

ithid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ithid or dil.ie/29162
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: ith—, eth—, does-, -(d)es(s)-, ís(s)-, dód-, dúad-, deod-, do-ḟúad-, atúad- d'ith-, ithim, ithid, itius, -ithi, ithes, ithus, ethait, doethat, ithit, -ithed, ethad, nāethad, -ithitís, ittís, -eithidis, hith, ithed, etham, eithide, ethat, conda-esur, -dess-, -essara, -etha, estir, -estar, du-d-uoestar, doestar, -dessamar, -estai, -dessabair, -esadar, -hethat, -ethaind, -ithinn, -hesta, -essad, -deossadh, -ethad, -estais, n-etais, -íss, -ísa, -ísa, iosair, íosfaidh, íosas, ísaid, íosaidh, -íostáoi, -iosfaidh, -īsat, ístait, ista, -ísaind, -issad, iosf(adh, íosadh, -ístais, -duadus, do-uadhus, aduagus, dodais, adhúadhais, doid, -doid, -duaid, aduaid, dua[i]d, doduad, doḟuaid, nduaigh, ith, adúabhair, dootar, atdótar, -dotar, aduatar, dofúatar, danuathair, duatar, atúatár, dofeotar, deotar, dufuetar, contótar, dúadar, d'ethatur, itheadar, ethar, -hithter, eser, -does, -daes, eisib

v Pres. stem: ith—, also eth— (which Pedersen Vgl. Gr. § 753 Anm. ascribes to analogical development on model of ib-, eb)-; subj. stem: does-, -(d)es(s)- (deponent), later also -eth-; fut. stem: ís(s)- (in Mid. and Mod. Ir. somet. followed. by -f- of the b-fut.). pret. stem: dód-, dúad-, deod- (see Thurn. ZCP xii 285 § 7 , KZ xlviii 57ff ., later do-ḟúad-, atúad- d'ith-. Indic. pres. s. 1 ithim, Sg. 146b5 . s. 3 ithid, Ml. 137c2 . itius (=ithid+suff. pron. 3 s. f.), 102a15 . -ithi, ZCP iii 222.8 . rel. ithes, 133a5 . ithus, Laws v 168.11 . pl. 3 ethait, Laws iv 138.9 Comm. doethat, BB 495a40 . ithit, PH 7459. Impf. s. 3 -ithed, ScM. § 1. no ethad (MS. nāethad), ZCP viii 301.10 . pl. 3 -ithitís, LU 1689. ittís, LU 1692. -eithidis, Luc. Fid. 246.10 . Ipv. s. 2 hith, SR 2907. s. 3 ithed, PH 1023. pl. 1 etham, Goid. 78 § 194 (Dúil Laithne). pl. 2 eithide, Luc. Fid. 245.18 . pl. 3 ethat, PH 1781. Subj. pres. s. 1 conda-esur, LU 8457 (FB). Thurneysen loc. cit. takes the stem to be -dess- (<doess-). s. 2 -essara, ScM. § 3. -etha, SG 56.37 . s. 3 estir, Wb. 6b24 . -estar, ib. 23 . O'Curry 2629 (< Eg. 88, fo. 53d ). du-d-uoestar, Ériu vii 146 § 4 (see Thurn. ZCP xiii 103 ). doestar, § 2 . pl. 1 -dessamar, SR 1266 (see Thurn., ZCP xii 285 § 7 ). pl. 2 -estai, Ériu v 234.55 . -dessabair, SR 1232. pl. 3 -esadar, O'Dav. 1092. -hethat, Thr. Ir. Gl. p. 22 , s.v. gelistar. Subj. past s. 1 -ethaind, ZCP viii 227 § 11. -ithinn, Gen. xxvii 4. s. 2 -hesta, ScM. R § 3 . s. 3 -essad, LL 168b42 . -deossadh, Folklore iii 490 § 24 (See Thurn., ZCP xii 285 § 7 ). -ethad (for subj. pres.), Lism. L. 3802. pl. 3 -estais, Ml. 98b9 . PH 1512. co n-etais , PH 1329. Fut. s. 1 -íss, LL 210b9 (= -is, BB 402b18 ). -ísa, Ériu v 234.51 . íosuidh mé, Gen. xxvii 25. s. 2 -ísa, MacCongl. 51.21 . iosair, BNnÉ 110.21 . íosfaidh tú, TSh. 1308. íosas tú (rel.), 2438 . s. 3 ísaid, SG 56.z . íosaidh, TD 31 § 30. pl. 2 -íostáoi, Gen. iii 5. -iosfaidh sibh, Luc. Fid. 329.14 . pl. 3 -īsat, ZCP vi 265 § 25. ístait, ZCP xii 391 § 13. rel. ista, Trip.² 2029. Sec. fut. s. 1 -ísaind, MacCongl. 17.3 . s. 3 -issad, RC viii 58.11 (= LL 116b27 ). iosf(adh, RC xi 327.30 . do íosadh , TSh. 2866. pl. 3 -ístais, IT i 75.15 . Pret. s. 1 (no distinction between pret.+perf.) -duadus, Fél. 88.x . do-uadhus, TD 37 § 8. aduagus, Irish Texts i 22 § 4 . s. 2 dodais, LL 116b24 . adhúadhais, ZCP ii 562.33 . s. 3 doid, RC viii 58.11 (= LL 116b26 ). -doid, IT i 77.6 . LL 117a48 . -duaid, Fél. 88.25 . aduaid, Fél.² lxii 14. dua[i]d, doduad, doḟuaid, SR 1293 , 1440 , 1287 . da nduaigh , Anecd. ii 26 § 10. do ith sí, Matthew xii 4. Gen. iii 6. pl. 2 adúabhair, Isaiah iii 14. pl. 3 dootar, Trip.² 2322. atdótar, Thes. ii 347.14 ( Hy. v ). -dotar, LL 115a z. aduatar, Fél. 128.20 . dofúatar, 24 . danuathair (containing inf. pron. 3 s. m.), 22 . duatar, SR 3332. atúatár, LU 2517. dofeotar, RC xiii 460 § 63 ( LL 291b20 ). deotar, Anecd. ii 59.11 . dufuetar, Ériu vii 164.6 . contótar, Cáin Ad. § 14. a dúadar , Matthew xiv 20. d'ethatur, O'D. 947 (< H 3.17, col. 662 ). do itheadar , TSh. 3329. Pass. pres. s. ethar. Corm. Y 757. -hithter, Maund. § 61. subj. pres. s. eser, ZCP vii 269 § 15. pret. -does, Mon. Tall. 129.22 . -daes. Trip.² 2121. Part. d p. eisib, Sg. 180b1 . Vn. ithe, q.v.

eats, devours, bites: bésu maith cia estir á bíad `though he eat his food,' Wb. 6b24 . ithim gl. mando, Sg. 146b5 . eisib ł loiscdib gl. adessis, 180b1 . itius anuas ┐ dusclaid anís `he eats it from above and roots it up from below,' Études Celt. xl 76​ ( Ml. 102a15 ). edente .i. hithes, 133a5 . atdótar coin alltai he ic Scetaib, Thes. ii 347.14 ( Hy. v ). etham ar gccuit `edamus portionem nostrum,' Goid. 78 § 194 (Dúil Laithne). arna hethat cethra na gurta , Thr. Ir. Gl. 22 s.v. gelistar = arnā comblaisset ..., Corm. Y 674. inathar .i. ind-ethar .i. ind tēit cach ní ethar, 757 . nico does mír feolai ... hi Tamlachdai, Mon. Tall. 129.22 . isbertatar maic Uisnig nach ístais biad i nhErinn ..., IT i 75.15 . aduaid in beist hesium, Fél.² lxii 14. fordindet in bocc fesin dú i ndaes indicates the place where it had been eaten, Trip.² 2121. dootar mucca ar macc, 2322 . atá biad lat cen co-n-essara, ScM. § 3. no marbad tarb leó ┐ no ithead oenḟear a ṡáith de, BDD² 123. dodasfuaid cos[in]n-oenmír (of a serpent), SR 3860. no-ithead in tróg hisin ┐ nó-athcumad cech áen ticed chucca `servire dentibus miser coepit,' Lat. Lives 95.14 . do neoch ro sluic talam ┐ atúatár bíasta, LU 2517. tobertatár bec dini hublaib leó a cétlá nos ithitís inna curuch, 1689 (ICM). gelid quia ithid, O'Mulc. 634. meni esbetar sál in mara ł mani dotar in muir, LL 115az . dūn fir ithus gait who eats something that has been stolen, Laws v 168.11 . noco n-ísaind-sea acht minustecma gorta, MacCongl. 17.3 . no-buailed ┐ no-ithed cech oen frisa mbenad (of a woman possessed by the devil), PH 1994. uail (i.e. bail) a ngeltatar oc Temair L. deotar itir ūir ┐ griaun, Anecd. ii 59.11 . nech doestar carnea nech (leg. n-eich, Ed.), Ériu vii 146 § 2. conid disuidiu dufuetar an obul dichmair[c], 164.6 . dfuadar a sáith agas ni rugeadar a bhuidhe re Dia, ZCP ii 552.y . Conall Cū no-ethad dā chīch a māthar amal coin, viii 301.10 . beag d'im do-uadhus, TD 37 § 8. glacaoidhe ┐ eithidhe, ag so mo chorp-so, Luc. Fid. 245.18 . amhuil do eithidis na hiudhail an iodhbairt, 247.17 . óir a dúabhair súas an fineamhuin `for ye have eaten up,' Isaiah iii 14. agus a duadhur agus do ibhidur, Gen. xxiv 54. cibé itheas don arán so `qui (manducat hunc panem,' TSh. 2851. íosfaidh tú an talamh gach aon-lá terram comedes, 1308 . ní hithtí leo ... acht aonphroinn san ló, Keat. ii 5099.

Of stock, grazes: ocus ethait ní ina feis `and they eat something in their `feis'-trespass,' Laws iv 138.9 Comm. dofeotar cáircha glassin na rigna, RC xiii 460 § 63.