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arrann

Cite this: eDIL s.v. arrann or dil.ie/4264

Forms: arraing

n a.¤ (ón doigh) f., IGT Decl. § 12 . Also arraing. pang, stitch: mac barrainde Brían Ó Néill / léim arrainne a thriall atúaidh, IGT Decl. ex. 564 . gút ann do chosaibh no arraing ann do ghuailnibh, Hard. i 20.10 . ní liaigheasfadh an arraing atá dul tríom tarsna, 244.y. ta arraingeadha báis tré cheart-lár mo chróidhé, 74.5 .

ar-sissedar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ar-sissedar or dil.ie/4312
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: arasissiur, arasissedar, arasisedar, -airisedar, arasissetar, -airesetar, arsissethar, -airissedar, arsissinn, aurisfemmar, [a]r-siasar, ar-sesar, arsiasaighther, arsiasaither, ar[s]isestar, -airsir, ar-sesatar, ar-said, arroissisiursa, arroisestar, arosiuir, aroisir, arrosir, tarrasair, -arrasar, arrastair, arrasair, airisid, airisem

v ( air-siss-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 628 ). Indic. pres. 1 s. arasissiur, Ml. 41c3 . 3 s. arasissedar, 51b13 . arasisedar, Sg. 213b2 . -airisedar, 139b1 . 3 pl. arasissetar, Ml. 39b11 , 77b3 . -airesetar, Sg. 209b19 . Subj. pres. 3 s. arsissethar (arsissetar MS), Ml. 120d19 . -airissedar, 131b4 . Subj. impf. 1 s. arsissinn, Ml. 44d26 . Fut. 1 pl. aurisfemmar, LL 13935 . ? Pret. 2 s. [a]r-siasar (-ir, -iur), Ériu xvi 179 § 1 , § 2 , § 3 . ar-sesar, xix 82 § 1 (or perh. subj. pass. sg. (with jussive sense) of ar-said, ib. 86 n. ). arsiasaighther, arsiasaither, O'Dav. 93 . ar[s]isestar, Ériu i 215.1 . -airsir, Mon. Tall. 150.28 . 3 pl. ar-sesatar , Ériu xix 83 § 7 (or subj. pass. pl. of ar-said, ib. p. 86 n. ). Perf. 1 s. arroissisiursa, Études Celt. xl 74 ( Ml. 88a9​ ). 3 s. arroisestar, 18d16 . arosiuir, RC xiv 245.5 , 246.19 ( arosisir, YBL 212b19 ). aroisir, 246.24 . arrosir, BB 499b36 = tarrasair, Alex. 1035 . -arrasar, LU 5811 = arrastair, TBC-I¹ 1340 . arrasair, LU 6621 .

Later as simple vb. airisid. IGT Verbs § 65 .

Vn. airisem.

Stays, stands fast, rests, remains: dú inairesetar `where they remain', Sg. 209b19 . mani airissedar ind lam fri talmain, Ml. 131b4 . roairisius-[s]a, Ériu iv 134.14 . airisiu sund bic co fessur-sa, TBC-LL¹ 1399 . focherdat a trí cóecta bunsach fair ┐ arsisetar isin scíath slissen uli lesseom they all stick, LU 4875 (TBC). is amlaid ata in firmamint im talmain i nairisidh, Laws i 28.25 Comm. co ro airis in long sin n-inud irrabi, LL 221b49 . aursa .i. airisi .i. arsisidar in tech fuirre, Corm. Y 35 . a roísir a láim forsan ersaind in tṡída, YBL 212b24 ( RC xiv 246.24 ). arsised íarum a cos Maile duin for folaig n-athloisc[th]e na hecailsi, RC ix 458.4 . atsisithar (arsisithar .i. doan) sist forsin port oc déchsain na hingine, ZCP v 524.28 (= assisedar, IT i 131.21 ). adre[ith] in sliabh foran sliabh n-aill ┐ airisis air remained there, Marco P. 8 . fairisidh a bhuime ┐ a aide la hUltu, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. 44.8 . ro loisccsed . . . Tuaim . . . ar na hairisdís Goill inntibh, AFM iii 34.x . do chuinghidh ferainn i n-oirisfemais, BNnÉ 298 § 43 . oirisit hi ffarradh Colmain, 299 § 43. comhnaigit ┐ airissit immorro an oidche sin., Fl. Earls 110.9 . airisidh agam `stay', Content. ii 7 . sréid Fergus Dubthach úad iarsin co n-arrasair di sruib fri budin anall alighted, LU 6621 . cona hédadh barr na bili . . . forsa n-airsed, Ériu xii 154.20 . ar-sesar Conchubar cētath `sat in the front seat', Ériu xix 82 § 1 . arsiasiur ri Mumhen mordescert fledtáighi, Ériu xvi 179 § 3 . arseser .i. dofeser ara belaib som isin carpat, O'Curry 508 (H 3.18, 258). ? arsiasaighther .i. innsaighi: ut est arsiasaither a bráthair Mugain .i. indsaigi ar amus a brathar, O'Dav. 93 . In sense of stops, desists, gives up: arsisetar na hoic ┐ rethaid ina suidi, IT ii1 174.17 . arsisetar (leg. arsisethar or arsisedar, ed.) Cuchulaind . . . ┐ angid na h-ocu C. desists and spares the youths(?), 175.48 . ? cach duine aridsisither ┐ nachid nanaigh, Laws iv 362.24 . Halts, delays: ni ro airisius co h-Ailech N. `I did not stay till . . .', MR 36.5 . ni ro hairiseadh leo go rangattar go dúrlas, AFM iii 16.1 . nīr hairissedh leō go riachtsat gusin Edāill, Fl. Earls 120.9 . Folld. by cen and vn.: ní oirisedh . . . gin triall a ndail Cublay insisted on going, Marco P. 85 . roairis go ceann na ree sin gan toidheacht don mhainisdeir he did not visit the monastery, ZCP v 495.7 . Endures, persists: arrosir a crodattu, BB 499b36 (= tarrasair, Alex. 1035 ). arsisither .i. tairisi, ut est nach mac soirche ┐ rl. arsisither a cin ┐ a rathas, O'Dav. 95 . fri re secht la airisis in ciaich sin, Marco P. 10 .

Other uses: airm i n-arrasar a n-uma don cletiniu where the copper separated (?) from the javelin, LU 5811 = fochuridar a úma don chlettin, TBC-LL¹ 2073 = do cuiredh a umha [don chleitin], TBC St. 1847 . ind adarc dub bis mon gai is di arsisidar in gai imtha is amlaid arsisidar in indsce don trediu sa .i. ise isi ised is attached, Auraic. 1622 . cech ní atbera frib-si cretid uli do ┐ airissid fair keep to it, LB 151b13 . conid he ni for ar airis a menma that is what they decided, LB 157a41 . airis rit muntir a mic na flatha stand fast by, LL 297a47 ( SG 364.40 ). airisid fén fri fulang cecha doccumlai `continue to endure', PH 2406 . airised rium do mhenma give me your attention, RC xxxvii 345 § 10 . gach oen airisfes frib `whoever shall oppose you', CCath. 5163 . is o chorp ┐ nemchorp ro airis it consisted, Laws i 26.10 . airim forbthi in sin, uair airissid o choitibh co coir it consists of factors, Auraic. 1446 . a athair oiris gut chéill / . . . / breth dírech as dú do fhlaith `stand fast by thy wisdom', SG 124.33 . ni ro-airis-[s]ium oc forcetul `he did not leave off preaching', PH 2552 . airisis . . . ag dion, MR 274.15 . airis Fintan ic sloind seanchassa, Ériu iv 150.11 . airis for céill remain reasonable, FDG² 2.54​​​​​ .

Trans. cinnas ḟuirechlem cinnas aurisfemmar clessu, LL 13935 . ro airis Dia athair betha dó preserved his life, LB 157a47 .

bláith

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bláith or dil.ie/6057

Forms: mláith, bláth, mblāith, bh., blaithi, bróg bhláithghreanta

adj i earlier mláith q.v. Also bláth [o, ā]. n s. f. mblāith, ZCP viii 202.13 . bean bh. g s. f. blaithi, forms given as `cáol uile,' IGT Decl. § 136. bean bhláth, § 137 .

(a) smooth (in orig. sense from subjection to grinding, friction, etc.): bláth (leg. bláith, ed.), mín, réidh `smooth', Eg. Gl. 68. (Of objects of metal, wood, stone, horn) filet ann brugi bláthi, SR 477. deich mbeanna bōnadarc būabaill mblāith, Ériu ii 28.20 . bogada blathi ` polished ', Cog. 158.23 . do bleidedhaibh blaithe, 114.20 . fidchell . . . cona foirind blāith bricc bendaig, MacCongl. 69.26 . do thighibh bláithe, Ériu v 58.27 . ar slios bh.¤ an bhrogha te `on the smooth wall', 62.5 . a measc na ccloch mb.¤ , Isaiah lvii 6. dia mbiailibh bláithibh, AFM v 1556.4 . garbh ṡáithe ┐ mín mheile / sgín eibhe bláithe buidhe with a smooth yellow haft, IGT Decl. ex. 1119. (Of skin, leather; cloth) a inar b.¤ bíannaide `soft tunic of skin' (Faraday), TBC-I¹ 1871. fa mbratachaib blaithi, MR 224.3 . geabhuidh lamhuinn mbreacchuirr mb.¤ , KMMisc. 170 § 12.

(Of food and drink) fít bec b.¤ a small light ration, Ériu ii 65 § 8. bid b.¤ do deog, iv 106.8 . blongi bláthi `smooth lard', MacCongl. 81.24 . In comic n.pr. meic borrchrothi blāthi, MacCongl. 33.16 .

? fosair blaith boairech . . . cred é b.¤ annsin. Inand é ┐ dag boaire co mbail foranaeí ┐ isé sin b.¤ atber ann, H 3.18, 646b32 ( O'Curry 1449 ).

(b) (In fig. sense) smooth, gentle, soft; comely: is amlaid sain bis ríge / garb a thús . . . / b.¤ a mmedón, Ériu iv 106.6 . i márḟlaith . . . / indat bláithe beccáin, Fél. Sept. 4. muinter b. romín (the inhabitants of Heaven), LU 2041. ind ḟírflaith blaith builid búan (of Conn Cétchathach), Airne F. 267. blaith .i. suthain, Stowe Gl. 245 (an inference ?). in énlaith búan b.¤ , LU 3696 ( SCC 33 ). fer blaith cennais ` mild ', PH 1974. Bēbinn blāith, ZCP vi 269 § 6. mor . . . do bhann- trachtaibh blaithe bíthe, Cog. 42.15 . [fi]r bláthi bithi borba, Ériu viii 70.7 . blāith ro-gabais cucut corp (to Christ), ACL iii 242 § 16. a abhlainn bh.¤ bheannaighthe `O bright . . . Host', A. Ó Dálaigh xxxvii 6. in troigh ṡlisseang, boindgeal b.¤ `smooth . . . foot', Ériu iv 218.15 . brēthir b.¤ `with gentle word(s)' (Gloss.), Sc.M² 21f . gut[h] blāith, ACL iii 306 § 9. na tuill buide mblāith / fria duine nach dlúith, KMMisc. 274.15 . oentu . . . blaith, Cog. 122.17 .

Equative: bláithidir scotha, Eg. 1782, 18a1 (cited Contribb. 225 ).

Compar. bláithe ná blaosg na huighi smoother (of a mansion), O'Gr. Cat. 354.1.

Superl. is é rígh as bláthem ┐ as mínem . . . dod-ánic, BDD² 1072.

Adv. atá slíghe . . . déanta go b.¤ = the way is made plain, Proverbs xv 19. gi-bé thairgfeadh a riar go b.¤ ` satisfactorily ' (Gloss.), Measgra D. 29.4 .

As subst. tairm na bláithe buige of the smooth, gentle (harp), SG 108.25 .

Compds. With nouns: ag binnghabháil a bíáidae ┐ a blathurnaighthe gentle prayers, Ériu v 86.17 . blāthc[h]aomna bocht, ZCP viii 215.16 . im bláitheing mbric ngreanta `neat border' (of embroidery), Magauran 2086 . ar beinn a bruit ┐ a bláithédaigh, Ériu v 76.38 . blaithliag `a pumice-stone ', Eg. Gl. 735. an cethramhad mionn dibhsin, / an mblaithminestir mbuadhach `smooth . . . reliquary', BNnÉ 270 § 241 . bláthoige gach ball id mhiocht smooth perfection, Magauran 2077 . Aedh mac C. . . . /. ui. bliadna fa blaithríadail, BB 59a31 .

With adjj.: i n-iomdaidh bhuiligh blaith-bind full of soothing sounds, BNnÉ 273 § 245 . is mic Cairbre bhuig bhláithcháoin fair and gentle, Ériu v 86.8 . mias . . . bhláthchaoin (of fine earthenware), TSh. 889. do breacsrol blathetrocht `smooth -bright', CCath. 4665. la C. mbúan mblaithfial soft and modest C., Gorm. Jan. 12. righti . . . blaithghelai smooth, white arms, TE 4 Eg. cona dib caelspeltib blathmaetha biannaide (of a sword-case of skin), CCath. 4692. blaithmín fri boctaib, Gorm. Sept. 25. re táobh na learg mbláithslim mbán, IGT Decl. ex. 417. beith ind-ēccmais Brīain bláith-rēidh, ZCP viii 218.31 . a bodhadhaibh blaithrighne smooth, tough bows, AFM v 1646.5 . With part. bróg bhláithghreanta, Magauran 4133 .

1 bran

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bran or dil.ie/6537
Last Revised: 2013

n o, m. raven. Very freq. associated with battles, slaughter, carnage, etc. : b.¤ .i. fīach .i. brancos (βρόγκος, ed.) graece, gut[t]ur latine, ┐ is de isberar din eōn ar mēt slugaite, Corm. Y 177 , O'Mulc. 122. bran dubh .i. fiach dubh, O'Cl. Cf. brandub .i. fīachdub, Corm. Y 105. b.¤ .i. fiach an fuigill breith brangaire catha, O'Dav. 292 , cf. anfuigell breath (leg. breitheman, ed.) bran-gaire catha (H. 5.15, 8), Ériu ix 29.3 . sásad fiach / fothath mb.¤ i.e. carnage, BDD² 331. forbrit brain crows (?) multiply, Four Songs 22 § 7. dubidir ri b.¤ a brae, LL 6390. cia nobeth fo dathaib b.¤ `of the ravens' hue' (sc. a hood), MacCongl. 111.5 . messi ┐ Mac Con / dín bat budig brain vultures will be grateful to us, LU 9872. ac[h]t is fálid brain berna / i llongphurt Aililla ┐ Medba, TBC-LL² 2084 . suidfit bruin for bernadaib, SG 373.16 . curad cróda ro biath b.¤ `who fed ravens' ( RC xlvii 309.13 ), LL 17190. le mbiathtaoi broin, O'Hara 3059. L. ┐ L. / fersat debaid dar dā b.¤ (more fiercely) than two ravens, ZCP iii 45 § 26 . don b.¤ mor, Auraic. 5598. Fig. is b.¤ carna comramaig (in rhet. of Cú Ch.), LU 8892 ( FB 68 ). Note also: (B. na f.) is orc ind aduo braine .i. fiaich, ACL iii 310 § 5. Cf. B. na f. ex. cited s. 1 branda.

As n. pr. m. : do B. mac Febail, Imr. Brain 1. B.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iv 38.15 . B.¤ (name of Finn's hound), Acall. 179.

In nn. loc. : co rānic srub Broin . . . .i. a cend tall-som dond eōn dub, is de dogairther Srub Broin, Ériu ii 22.7 , Srub Brain, Dinds. 54. See Hog. Onom. s.v. ? Bran- , Srub .

Compds. With nouns. ? e ni dalbh gan bhrandhal (-dul, FM) brath, / ro mharbh Brandubh mac Eachach, AU i 82.23 , AFM i 230.2 = bandul, CS 70.7 . gusin mbranen déidenach `to the last raven', Dinds. 54. in ní ara tairissed in branén ar in ḟai[th]chi don ár-sin, Acall. 5191. re brainéan Bréifneach (of a chief), O'R. Poems 1138. do bhrainfhiachaibh, 128 . biait brain for branfossaib (i.e. field of carnage?), LU 6612 = . . . buind fri brannusa, TBC-LL² 2427 , cf. betit brain ri brainessu, 2384 . branorgain .i. nī oirges fīach carrion for ravens (?), Corm. Y 105. With adj. formed from noun. bruastar buidhne branendai raven-like , KZ xxxiii 83.11 .

cáelán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cáelán or dil.ie/7583

n [o, m.] (cáel, see Loth, RC xlii 356 § 373 ). intestine, gut : caolān .i. aon is cāile isin c[h]urp ē, Corm. Y 343 . biadh n-inde .i. isna caolānaib; innbi .i. caolán, 791 . furnuidi . . . .i. caolana ┐ cliathana ┐ dromanna, O'D. 520 ( H 3.17, 423 ). fel cum bucliamine .i. cusintóin .i. coelan na geraine no muine, Gild. Lor. 224 `the gut of fat or lard i.e. the large intestine which is covered by the omentum', p. 150 . cum tortuosis intestinis .i. cusna findchoelanaib cammaib, 78 . in caelan tona, O'Dav. 1210 . secht n-episle / do cháisib, do chōelānaib, MacCongl. 39.11 . tech saille . . . / cōelach cōelán `wattling of tripe', 69.6 . in taige lānimmerta do cháelánu inbe, 91.15 . cāelānu cǣrach, 99.31 . læ thaebh tri muc . . . cenn cos caelan inathar, BB 257b12 ( YBL 177a18 ). ?coelan .i. orbairgine, no coelan iar fir foamamu .i. na cenn, O'Curry 789 ( H 3.18, 368a ). sug na Caelan Guts' Juice (a nickname), AU ii 67 note 4 . As n. pr. see Corp. Gen. Used of a type of sausage, see Manners and Customs i ccclxix .

1 co

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 co or dil.ie/9786
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: cos(s)in, cos(s)a, cosna, cosin, cossin, cossa, cosa, gusin, gusan, cosno, gusna, cuccum, cucum, cugum, chugom, chucumm, chugam, cucut, cuccut, chucud, chuccad, chugad, chút, cuci, cucai, cucci, cuccai, cuici, cuigi, chuci, chucai, chuice, chuici, chuga, cuicce, cucae, chucae, cucai, cuci, cuici, chuice, chuigthe, cucunn, cuccainn, cugainn, cugainde, chucunni, chucund, chucaind, chugainne, cucuib, cuccaib, cuccuib, cucaib, cugaib, cuccu, cucu, chuca, cugtha, chucu, chuca, com, cot, gut, coa, gó, go, cosa, cos-, cus, cosa, cusa, cos, cus, gus, gusa, cosar, gar, góar, at(t)óibi, do-ecmalla, do-inóla, fo-ceird, gaibid, léicid

prep. with accus. See GOI § 829 . Études Celt. vii 478 . In early lang. with occasional doubling of following l, m, n: cu-llae, GOI § 829 . co mmaith, Wb. 7b15 . co nnaue, Sg. 5b6 . In later lang. prefixes h to vowels. Written cu in Ardm. etc., GOI § 829 . In later lang. go. Occasionally with length mark: có, Ml. 52 . Sporadically with d p.: co ulnib, BDD² 747 . go bruachaibh (: chruachain), TD 13.84 . See IGT Introd. § 75 .

With article: cos(s)in, cos(s)a, cosna etc. cosin, Wb. 2a21 . cossin, ib. cossa (n.), 23a17 . cosa, Ériu v 236.60 . gusin, Auraic. 195 . gusan, Stair Erc. 2360 . pl. cosno, Dinds. 69 . gusna, Hugh Roe² 100.4 .

With suff. pron. (see GOI § 829 D for phonology of forms, § 233 for lenited forms, which are generalized in later language). 1 s. cuccum, Wb. 7c7 . cucum, Ml. 108b1 . cugum, Ériu v 148.40 . chugom, Blathm. 148 . chucumm, PH 8285 . chugam, IGT Decl. ex. 1166 . 2 s. cucut, Wb. 32a17 . .25 . Ml. 44c20 . cuccut, 92a19 . chucud, Mon. Tall. 144.21 . chuccad, BDD² 1446 . chugad, DDána 2.3 . chút (: út), SG 389.14 (see ZCP xxv 249 ff. ). 3 s. m. and n. cuci, Wb. 9d14 . cucai, Ml. 38c1 . cucci, cuccai, cited GOI § 433 . cuici, Blathm. 27 . cuigi, BColm. 98.26 . chuci, Fing. R. 27 . chucai, Ml. 46c1 . chuice, Mon. Tall. 154.4 . chuici, BDD² 278 . chuga, Dán Dé xxv 46 . 3 s. f. cuicce, Wb. 9d5 . cucae, Sg. 14b4 (apparently referring to Lat. littera), chucae, 191a2 . cucai, Vita Br. 25 . cuci, 26 . cuici, RC xxiv 190.13 . chuice, BDD² 93 . chuigthe, Donlevy 390.1 . 1 pl. cucunn, Wb. 21a3 . cuccainn, ZCP viii 219.34 . cugainn, vi 47.28 . cugainde, Ériu iii 158 § 11 , chucunni, TBFr. 347 . chucund, RC iii 183.24 . chucaind. PH 691 . chugainne, RC xxix 124 § 27 . 2 pl. cucuib, Wb. 1a8 . cuccaib, Vita Br. 16 . cuccuib cited GOI § 433 . cucaib, Vita Br. 37 . cugaib, Mer. Uil.² 119 . 3 pl. cuccu, Wb. 27c24 . cucu, Ml. 55c1 . chuca, Blathm. 221 . cugtha, DDána 77.1 . chucu, Leb. Gab.(i) 252.19 . chuca, Keat. iii 3231 .

With possessives: 1 s. com ó, Ériu xx 192 § 3 . 2 s. cot écc, ZCP viii 219.23 . gut éc, LL 10918 . 3 s. coa ríg, Fél. Jan. 6 . Fing. R. 93 . gó a charaid, TSh. 8226 . pl. go a n-ēgoibh, Fl. Earls 140.32 .

With rel. cosa n-, cos- (cossa- cited GOI § 829 ): cus, ACC 93 . cosa, TBC-I¹ 328 . cusa, 330 . cos, Ériu iv 150.29 . cus a, Laws iv 294.z Comm. gus, BColm. 80.27 . gusa, Mac Aingil 355 . With ro: cosar, TTebe 894 . gar, Studies, 1921, 76.21 . góar, Hugh Roe² 74.19 .

1 to, till, as far as , etc. (of space and time): cosin n-óin .i. co crist gl. usque ad unum, Wb. 2a21 . cossa laasa gl. usque nunc, 23a17 . có osnada gl. ad susperia, Ml. 31c10 . cu genti gl. ad gentes, 67a10 . cosin caiscc naili `until the next Easter', Mon. Tall. 132.17 co fescor, LU 5135 (see caidchi). ní chotlad i nEmain M. co matain, LU 4903 (i.e. never slept, Hermathena xcix 51 ). co harchaṅgliu Héil, Lib. Hymn. 184.8 . a n-éc cusan āenduini to the last man, ACL iii 239 § 25 . nirbo gnath . . . airisiumh Uí Neill hisuidhe gusan tToirrdelbach hishin `except this T.', Hugh Roe² 44.3 . do-géna cech maith co cumaing as far as he can, PH 8088 . todachaiche chugut int shillab dedenach `the last syllable is future to you', Auraic. 91 . aurlam co bas, PH 390 . Ériu fo Chunn, Conn co Fál, Airne F. 243 . dorigne an láid-so cuigi `for him', BColm. 98.26 . le cungnamh ionmhuis go cogadh `with money to help them in the war', Rel. Celt. ii 166.9 .

2 With Vn. cia airet co tíchtin n-ancrist, Wb. 25d1 . go beith réidh dúinn 's do Dhomhnall, TD 15.170 . co rochtain dóibh tar na múraibh `until they passed', Hugh Roe 290.y . Hence: mad co techt di co fer gl. uiro suo reconciliari, Wb. 9d32 . is deidbhir móidem di suidib mad co moidim etir ref. to si gloriari oportet, 17d19 (see note).

3 Idiomatic uses of 3 s. n.: is cuci far mburpe gl. sic stulti estis, Wb. 19b8 . is cucci a lére ro pridchissid `so great is the industry with which you have preached', 24c17 . ná faighdīs bás chuige acht go mairfidīs choidhche (ar aonchor, v.l.), Trompa na bhF. 5994 . See Gloss., and cf. gan guin duine chuige na uaidh at all(?), Hugh Roe² 252.22 . is é is fáth dham chuige sin `the reason I have for that', Keat. i 82.26 . is é is adhbhar dóibh chuige sin, Corp. Astron. 2.9 . creud chuige why? Donlevy 102.16 .

4 With verbs of motion: co domun dringthiar `he climbed to the height (of heaven)', ACC 68 (see Celtica vi 228 ). amal tiagtae mná hua célib co firu aili `as wives go from their husbands to other men', Ml. 125a2 . dauc cucai inna sairse `he took it to him(self) unto his work', 38c1 . co Críst, cechaing sathe `unto Christ went a swarm', Fél. Jan. 25 . lingthi Mac Da Cherda co sudib `M. leaps into the midst of them', Ériu v 28.7 .

5 With subst. verb: aidchi roboi cucu that night, Ml. 55c1 . do filter chucaind diar marbad, Anecd. i 4.10 ( SCano 92 ). do-filter chucut ón ríg, BDD² 94 . deighenach a bethadh do bheith cuicce was imminent, BNnÉ 265 § 228 .

6 With verbs of reaching, placing, lasting, remaining, etc.: focerdar cin co fergac `is attached to', Bretha 25 . saidid co colainderce cert `extends to', 23 . ad-comaicc húa smech co a imlind, BDD² 1000 . mēraid co dē a īartaige his succession will remain till the day of Judgement, Thes. ii 314.20 . anais co foilc ┐ co fothraic he waited to wash . . ., TBC-I¹ 289 . ro-athascná m'ernaigthe . . . chucat, a Dé, PH 7108 .

7 With verbs of asking: cen chuingid neich co nech, Wb. 26b25 . amal dunthlaichiur-sa cucut `as I ask of Thee', Ml. 44c20 . dóig lim . . . ni cunte nech cuccaib filiam cecam, Vita Br. 16 . Cf. dognitis dibrócoit móir chucai, PH 4056 .

8 With verbs of summoning: dorograd co hangliu / C. `to the angels has been summoned C.', Fél. March 10 . ro-gairmestar tra Pilip chucai, PH 2534 .

See also at(t)óibi, do-ecmalla, do-inóla, fo-ceird, gaibid, léicid etc.

9 Expressing motion without vb. ac-sin chucut do ríg = ecce rex tuus venit tibi, PH 4376 . mac in goband cosin ṅgual (ris an, v.l.), Ériu ix 49 § 28 . a cholann chugat an bás, DDána 1.1 . `chugaibh! chugaibh! gruth is im / éistear linn!' adeir an chuach `here comes' (lit. to you), Measgra D. 7.73 . chugad me aris I have you again, Luc. Fid. 5241 .

10 Hence with verbs of seeing etc. atchīatt na conu cucu 'na rith, BColm. 54.3 . níro airigset na mná chucu, LU 3884 ( SCC 39 ). lá dá bhfacaidh inghin oíg / chuige, DDána 58.11 . o nach facadar . . . comfhurtacht cuca, Stair Erc. 1441 .

11 In comparisons: cruth cách co hÉ. Caem cách co hÉ. all fall short of E. in beauty, BDD² 43 . ait[h]ech cách co hEogan hūais except E., ZCP viii 299.35 . ní crō co cōiccir fo cosmailuis clīaro, Ériu i 215.31 . beag gach peannaid go bás Dé compared with, A. Ó Dálaigh xviii 1 .

12 ó . . . co . . . to denote the ultimate point of measurement: is hó siun co nuie dam far sercc ref. to continuus, Wb. 4b29 . o chund co fond, RC iii 177.7 . a bhfoil uainn go hÁdhamh all that there are (i.e. have lived) from us to Adam, Dán Dé viii 4 . ó Éirne go hÁth gConuill, TD 13.74 . Hence: o ta a uachtar co a híchtar, PH 3365 .

13 With demonstratives. See 1 sin (S 232.83), 1 so (307.30). có sin, Trip.² 97 .

Similarly with petrified forms: cosinnocht until tonight, BDD² 1174 . tricha laithi cusanē 30 days to yesterday, ZCP x 341.21 . gus a-nois, Aithd. D. 89.29 . See also indiu and trásta (b).

14 In phrase co cenn, see 1 cenn (123.43).

15 With cardinal numerals. See fo (F 172.51).

16 In formation of adverbs. See GOI § 381 . co mmór gl. insolenter, Ml. 38c12 . co mmaith, TBFr. 284 . Freq. in later lang.: go spioradálta, TSh. 1582 .

17 Hence in adjectival predicates with subst. vb. replacing constr. with is and bare adj.: bheith go saoghlach séanomhail, TD 19.74 . do bai co hudmall andshadail aínindech `restlessly, uncertainly, angrily', TTebe 929 .

18 3 sg. neut. as adv. since, hence : nī conairnecht and chucai 'it had not been found there till then' Thes. ii 348.86 . bid fotai chucca, PH 5247 . ni ba chian cucai, Anecd. ii 14.13 .

comairliugud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comairliugud or dil.ie/10668

vn. of comairligid.

(a) act of consulting, taking counsel; deliberation : triall for neam . . . gan comairlechudh fri Dia, Auraic. 103 = comairleigud, 2384 . battar accá chomhairliucchadh etorra budhéin cionnus do bherdaoís . . ., AFM v 1644.13 . tre chomhuirliughadh abaidh = by mature deliberation, RSClára 69a .

(b) act of advising; exhortation : do c.¤ a céime dó féin `to advise that the grade (should be given) to himself', CCath. 214 . 'gut furtacht ┐ 'gut comairlechad, Aisl. Tond. 119 § 2 . dia ch.¤ imon caingin sin, Fen. 176.2 . [ceannsughadh ┐] comairliugadh in tsloigh moir sin, TBC St. 368 = fri[th]airle, TBC-LL¹ 452 . do ghabh ag cómhairleaghadh a chleamhna, ML 44.3 = ag tabairt c[h]omairli [do], ML² 626 . do chomhairlighthibh mar c[h]omhairlighthe = exhortations, RSClára 63a .

(c) act of consoling : do c.¤ bar n-anma = consolari, Laud 610, 23a (Plummer MS. notes). aga comairliughadh ┐ aga teccosc = consolare, Smaointe B. Chr. 5820 . Cf. comṡólás no comairle gl. consolacio, Ir. Gl. 884 .

1 cumang

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cumang or dil.ie/13814
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: cumacc, cumoc, cumhag, cumhang

o (see GOI 448 ) vn. of con-icc. Also cumacc (ibid. 354 ), and later co-. cumoc, YBL 180a21 (= c.¤ , RC vi 175.54 ). d. pl. cumgaib, UR 36.11 . cumhag, cumhang m., IGT Decl. § 17 (71.19) . Verbs § 53 .

Power, ability, strength : cumhang .i. neart no cumhachta, O'Cl. iarsinchumung bess lib, Wb. 16c19 . asririusa moch.¤ darfar cenn gl. superimpendar ipse pro animabus uestris, 18a14 . ba hénirt ar c.¤ , Fél. Ep. 9 . nísmbói . . . do chumacc a mmbo do imain, Vita Br. 24 . bidh fann a c.¤ , ZCP viii 110.11 . co ructha a eich hi cumugg la C. were taken in charge, Trip.² 1665 . sáerthar lat in domnach cech c.¤ rotbé dó `with all your might', Ériu ii 204.12 . dollotar do imbert a cumaiṅg frisin slōg, TBC-I¹ 2195 . dobérmais ar cumaṅg ica thessarggain, LL 36680 . budh calma a c.¤ san / bud caol a[r] cumaing-ne, ZCP viii 207. 13 - 14 . a chumhang gidh cia do-bheir / do-gheibh Dia ar ubhall nó ar uibh whoever gives what he can, DDána 42.36 = IGT Verbs ex. 466 . ic techt i ngábudh dar cend cumaing in a superhuman effort (?), TTr.² 1367 = ZCP xxx 69.1367 . ni ragar neach tara c.¤ `no one is fined beyond his power', Laws v 466.23 . ? issedh mesraigus breithem a cumach (sic) do gill do cach, iv 36.21 Comm. nad inarban iar fis, focumac `having power to do so', iii 8.z .i. fo c.¤ iar mbeth a fesa aice, 10.8 Comm. ní ba sindadh nó aoradh fogniset, acht(?) gut prut fo comung, H 3.18, 755.1 . don ch.¤ conicc `to the extent of his power', Ériu iii 106.1 . co cumunc cecha mnā chena `with whatever every other woman is able to give', Cáin Ad. 23 .

Attrib. g s. fer comaic móir, LU 7578 (BDD). co clú chumaiṅg Delga osin dind, LL 16748 . ba cemmend cumaiṅg, LL 746 = comaind, BB 28b40 . With follg. obj. gen.: gan c.¤ treabhtha, BNnÉ 294.16 . L. . . . ina cc.¤ catha `in battle array', Cog. 214.w . ni linne acumacc `we have no power over her', RC iii 346.8 . cumhang molta mhóir `the power to praise', Dán Dé xxix 27 .

In various constructions with copula and subst. vb.: ma beid hibar cumung gl. si potest fieri quod ex uobis est, Wb. 5d32 . ni fuil i c.¤ . . . do duine it is not in man's power, Laud 610, 12b cited Plummer MS. notes = i comand, PH 97 . cona baoi ina cc.¤ soadh for cúlaibh, Hugh Roe² 156.3 . ni bái c.¤ la M. dó, BNnÉ 294.17 . atá dhá cheird ar mo chumhang I am master of two trades, Bard. P. 17.31 . nímbái c.¤ cena I . . . was unable, Imr. Brain ii 291.1 . dober índi iscumung do / bó, IT iii 18.20 . ro thionóil sidhe ina mbaoí ina cumhang `all the forces under his command', AFM vi 1876.1 . níta cumacc do cháingním `it is not able to do well', Wb. 4a6 . nim thā cumac día aisnéis, LU 9234 . níp thá cumac dó, 1471 (MU). ní bái a c.¤ dó, BNnÉ 10.16 . ? nir chumhang air .i. nir bhó chumhachtach é, O'Cl. ? is trúag mo chumaṅg -sa rib, TFerbe 607 . ní fil c.¤ i n-a n-anmannaib ocaind, PH 2055 . ? Predic. g s. in mheit as cumhuing leo do freasdul, Marco P. 36 . ní chumuing la Caracorum bar congbail `it is not possible for C. to contain you', 28 . ós tú an rí as cumhaing dá clódh `able to control her', Aithd. D. 81.10 . ? Hence adv.: in t-í dogéna cech maith co cumaing, PH 8089 .

Gramm. function, force : innandobriathar asanairberar cumaṅg ainmmde `a nominal force', Sg. 39a26 . cumaṅg nominisuerbi `power', 148b5 . caite deochair eter a c.¤ ┐ a nert? A c.¤ . . . Intan gabaid guth a n-ænur (of letters), Auraic. 965 - 6 . lanchumang i fedaibh, ┐ c.¤ a forfedaibh, ┐ egumang a muitibh, 1209 . dobeir c.¤ fedha forin son, 436 . c.¤ i forfedaib, 5456 .

1 dlúth, dlúith

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 dlúth, dlúith or dil.ie/17082

Forms: dluith, dluthi, dluith, dluidhibh

adj (also occas. with -ŭ-, see Celtica iii 177 ) close, compact, dense: dluith (gl. densus), Ir. Gl. 636 . ont sluag d.¤ gl. denso agmine, Gild. Lor. 39 . cini dlúith lib int oíntu sin though ye do not deem that union close, Wb. 12b9 . dluthi gl. condensa, Ml. 48d18 ; gl. densatas, 120d13 . in talam dluith do indluch, 129d8 . lassa lar ṅdluith continenti solo, 89d18 . cona dlumaib dluthaib, SR 3367 . ni regat cuirp na hesergi tri churpa dluthi dense bodies, PH 6745 . hi corpaib dlútaib ┐ i corpaib tiugaidib bias esergi . . . ní i corpaib sémib mar aer nó gáith substantial, RC xxv 244 . rochumaiscseadar neoill . . . na firmaminti cor-ua dorchatu dluith iter muir ┐ tir, TTebe 1964 . doratsat dorchai dluthi dar Mag nÁi (= tenebras densas), Lat. Lives p. 23 . fidhnemhedh dlúith, CCath. 1766 . do-sn-eim dos dluit[h], Fianaig. 14 . i mmullach croinn dosaigh dhlúith, BS § 61 . na coillti . . . is dluithi ┐ is doimtachta densest and most impenetrable, CF 820 . (Arann) d.¤ a fraigred re fedhaib, SG 102 . cath dlúith daingean do dhéanamh dóibh féin, Keat. iii 4435 . fāl-airbi firdluith Frangc, MR 214 . cor-ba dluithither re cleith . . . in lini sleg, TTebe 2822 . criathar dluith a close (fine-meshed) sieve, PCT 1120 . ionar . . . co cciumhius dluith deghfhighthi, BS § 8 . cochlān caemdlūith, Fianaig. 50 . luiriuch dluith, CCath. 4677 . tucadar dubgona dluithi ar a cheli close together (i.e. numerous, repeated), CF 129 . póga dlúithe, Book of O'Conor Don 273a19 . Close, in proximity (to): leath atōibe (.i. as dluith) co dú . . ., PH 6689 . gér dhlúith dá chéile ar gcumann, DDána 101.44 . an t-allus becc . . . teagmaidh se ona póirib do ueith dlúith closed up, 3 C 22, 19a4 . in sele geal dluith no cnapanach thick, viscous , 3 C 19, 247 ra 11 . Of a sound: as dluithe ┐ as daingne dochluinnteir an guth ann (i.e. the sound is focused in that position), 24 P 3, 183.18 . Fig. nā tuill buide mblāith | fria duine nach dlúith `one who is not steadfast', KMMisc. 274 . gut[h] blāith im deismerecht dluith cogent proof (example ?), ACL iii 306 . ropat dlúthe a nadmann firm, binding , Tec. Corm. § 6.47 . isnaib cānaib dlūthib stringent (?), Corm. Y 48 . With FRI: is dlúith fri Críst mo chaingean `with C. my cause is bound up closely', SG 55 . Compar. feibh is dlúite rotaitset braenghal ferthana, CCath. 1282 . Adv. tuirt mor do maithib Grég ina thimchell co dluith close around him, Alex. 66 . ata [Milan] ar n-a suidhiughadh co comhfhairsing dluith daoinechar ar ferannetc., compactly, Fl. Earls 96 . Repeatedly, assiduously, intently: pōigis hē cu dluith ┐ cu dicrach, Lib. Flav. ii 2 va 50 . co dluith denmnetach ic a tuargain, CCath. 5754 .

As subst. in pl.: a catha, . . . a drobeala, a dlutha, a donala, tight corners, fixes (?), Ériu iv 162 . tuighe rigbaile ic a scuabadh ina dluidhibh deilighthe re gaith in separate masses, CCath. 5896 (perh. d p. of dlúthe).

Compds.

(a) With nouns: ¤buaile: gur hosluiced dorus . . . ar in n-dluthbhuailid close phalanx, Caithr. CC 33.5 . ¤chertugud: ag dingi ┐ ag d. na n-allmurach a ceann a cheili pressing hard, CF 806 . ¤chiall : dlūith-ciall i cáinstarib, ACL iii 218 § 5 . ¤chomrád intimate (eager?) conversation: dlúthcomhradh in churadh . . . ré na giolla, TBC-LL¹ p. 481 . dluthchomhrádh na bhfer, Acall. 235 . ¤chros: a dhlúthchros fa dtú ag tuirrse | tú mhúchfas mo mheadhair-se, DDána 65.2 . ¤ecor dense array: daire dluithegair, Ériu iii 164 . ¤éra a blank refusal , Top. Poems 10 . ¤ḟid: a ndiamair an dluithḟeda, AFM vi 1918 . ¤gluasacht: coill gan crith duille gan dluthgluasacht, Lib. Flav. ii 6 rb 28 . ¤imáin: ag dírgheadh ┐ acc dlúithiomáin a shelbha driving in a dense herd, AFM vi 2198 . ¤mong: d. clustering hair , DDána 99.32 . ¤néll: a mbith ina ndluithne[o]ll . . . isin aer uassaibh, CCath. 5661 . ¤ṡnechta: in cith dluithsnechta ro fear ann, RC xxiii 418 § 32 .

(b) With adjj.: ¤aimréid: fo choilltibh ndosach ndlúithaimhréidh dense and rugged , AFM vi 1912 . ¤barrach: doisiubair dluthbarracha, CCath. 4109 . ¤choem: noí mbaindelba dluthchoema `fair and firm', Metr. Dinds. ii 28 . ¤daingen. adv. ro coirighset co d. immo tigerna, CCath. 5786 . ¤iatta: i gcarcair . . . dúnta dlúith-iatta, TSh. 2710 . ¤maisech: mong donnchas dluthmaisech, BB 427b26 . ¤mer: comrac dluthmhear, CF 484 . ¤niamda: iorradh daingen dlúithniamda ` well-knit, flashing armour ', O'Gr. Cat. 376 . ¤ṡlim: dot chéib dhluithslim, O'Gr. Cat. 411 .

(c) With vbs.: ¤daingnigid: ro dlúthdaingnighit doirsi na cathrach `were closely secured', CCath. 1712 . ¤dingid: ro dluthdingset cach i cend araili `pressed hard', CCath. 3174 . ¤lenaid: mairg dan dluithleanann an daidbreas closely follows , Lib. Flav. ii 5 rb 53 . ¤scaraid: ó dhlúthsgarais mise is mo bhean, Gadelica 257 .

draigen

Cite this: eDIL s.v. draigen or dil.ie/18563

Forms: draigne, droighen, droighin, draigean, Dérdroigen

n o in sg., n p. freq. draigne (orig. n. ?). droighen m., IGT Decl. § 53 . blackthorn, sloe (prunus spinosa); fruit of the sloe: droighin gl. prunus, Ir. Gl. 559 . nigra spina .i. droighean talman, ACL i 336.92 . pruna .i. airni draigin, Thes. ii 360 (Philarg.). d.¤ gl. pirus, Sg. 61b4 . droighen .i. tróg-aon .i. aon is trōgmaire do c[h]randuib ar imad a delg, Corm. Y 474 . blāithidir scotha, gairbidir d.¤ , ZCP ix 452.29 . cona matan matluirge fadbuide draigin, FB § 37 (Eg.). trí cóicait maglorg ndraigin, BDD § 60 . targad dó aball . . . ┐ droigean, MR 130.12 . d.¤ dúr | fid nach loiscenn saer, SG 245.22 . áirne dubdroigin, 102.5 . int ethar draighin `the wicker boat', 25.33 . clíatha draigin is derg-scíach, Metr. Dinds. iii 316 . craeb droighen cona hairnib, Dinds. 21 ( RC xv 319 ). i mmedón muine draigin, LL 283b39 . rocuirthea a teinidh droigin he, IT iii 190 § 17 . i tinid draigni, Laws v 472 n. (Of a fence) cír draigain fair, iv 112.15 . draigean (one of the`fogla feadha', i.e. shrubs), 146.26 . bláth droigin duibh, ZCP vi 269 § 13 . do ghlac sé droighion an nfásaigh ┐ driséoga thorns of the wilderness, Judges viii 16 . fásfuidh an crann giumhuis a náit an droighin, Isaiah lv 13 . an spéice deilgneach droighin, PCT 1026 . droigin duind `dusky blackthorn', K. and H. 19 . draigin drissi delgnacha, Ériu vii 2.16 . dreasa is droighin gut rébadh, BS 48.12 . droigni is drisi romc[h]oirb, 108.19 . ní cara damh na droidhne, KMMisc. 352 § 7 . cogur daill dar draigni, IT iii 77.23 . a ndrisi ┐ a ndraigne do beim dib, Laws i 128.8 Comm. bíd droighne . . . a slighe an anduine, Proverbs xxii 5 . atáid ar n-a múchadh mar theine na ndroighean, Psalms cxviii 12 . meas dub a draignib, YBL 118 marg. inf. bachal . . . foracbadh isna draighnibh, AU 840 .

As n.pr. m. Dub Draigen, LL 205a2 . mac Draigin, Rawl. 151b52 . Macc Ercae macc Draigin, Trip.² 1609 . meicc Draigin, Gorm. Apr. 15 . In name of a metre: mesce Draigin m̅c̅ Dorndorbiedh, IT iii 104.6 . In n.pr. f. Dér ┐ Droigen (leg. Dérdroigen) máthair dá mac Mogaruith, SG ii 467.6 . In n.loc. Inis D.¤ , Hog. Onom.

Cf. murdraigen.

dris

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dris or dil.ie/18719

Forms: dres, dris, driss

n i, f. In later lang. also dres, ā, f. dris f., IGT Decl. § 42 . bramble, briar, thorn-bush: driss gl. vepres, Sg. 47a8 , 70b1 . d.¤ gl. rubus, 65a10 . d.¤ gl. dumus (tomús, MS.), Ir. Gl. 587 . d.¤ .i. der-uis .i. derōil ┐ uis, Corm. Y 475 . Classed among the losa feada (`bramble trees'), Laws iv 148.1 . narab tene dhuit in d.¤ , Mélusine iv 298.39 . crom feda déin d.¤ , SG 245.30 . drisiuc .i. inti is d.¤ ar letarthaighi, O'Dav. 724 . dreas deilgne `a prickling brier', Ezekiel xxviii 24 . oc losgud drisi, Ériu ii 229 § 1 . luaith drisi uire, 24 B 3, 91.27 . a náit na dreise tiocfaidh an crann mirtail aníos, Isaiah lv 13 . do theigéamhadh i nd.¤ , TSh. 10421 . drisi inna senchomrorcan, Ml. 2a6 . draigin drisi delgnacha, Ériu vii 2.16 . a ndrisi ┐ a ndraigne do beim dib, Laws i 128.8 Comm. drisi is truim is traghnadha | a n-oighridha co bráth, Laud 615, 199 . droigni is drisi rom-c[h]oirb, BS 108 § 54 . dreasa is droighin gut rébadh, 48 § 32 . a duille, a dreasa, a dercoinn, 110 § 54. dresa dilgnecha lán do smēraib, RC xxvi 160 § 46 . clandaigfead in talam dit spine ┐ drise delglecha, Lec. 530b8 . fásfuidh aníos drise ┐ dosáin, Isaiah v 6 . muine dresa a bramble brake, Lism. L. 2607 . motharmhuine móirdreasa a dense thicket of great briar(s), BS 24.1 . maethain drissi, 23 Q 5, 48.16 . maetan dresa, 24 B 3, 98.30 . ac réidiugad dres ┐ draighen, SG 35.42 . co facadur drisi imdha ┐ muinedha na hinnsi lán do smeraibh, KMMisc. 317.8 . minic mé a lāim acc dreasaibh, KMMisc. 352.29 . do thuit cuid oile don tsíol idir na dreasaibh (= inter spinas), TSh. 10471 . ata brig disgailtech isna smeraib fasus ar na drisibh, 23 O 23, 30a3 .

Compd. na dairge mur drestorthaibh acorns (as plentiful) as blackberries, ZCP ii 349.12 .

éc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. éc or dil.ie/19360
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: éagad

n m. (orig., plurale tantum, u, n. Hermathena xcix 52 , cf. Bethu Brigte 57 ) death: ed (he v.l.) roglúais in ingin sair | éc a hathar, Metr. Dinds. iv 216 . ba ferr leiss éc andá bethu IT i 126.12 . eccla ēcca, ACL iii 216 . ingnais éca, Metr. Dinds. iv 284 . airrdena ega, TTebe 4541 . urchóid an éaga, TSh. 748 . galar éaga mortal sickness 5209 . gut ec until thy death TBC-LL¹ 4074 . oc éc when dying PH 231 . Iollann...d'écc, AFM 506 . Oilill...do écc, 526 ; 1265 . iar n-éc a muntire (from an earthquake) PH 550 . iar n-éag dóibh, TSh. 453 . re hucht éagtha dhóibh (as if nom. éagad), TSh. 7795 . m'eg-sa dod gradh, Aen. 796 . ag éag leis an ngrádh, Dánta Gr. 9.3 . is missi conairgeba bás ┐ éc ┐ aided forro, TBC-LL¹ 4271 . sochaidhe do chuir i n-eg, Fen. 144 . tucsat éc meic ríg Muman `they did to death the king of M.'s son' Metr. Dinds. iv 220 . éag san bpeacadh, TSh. 1366 . Esp. a natural death, opp. to aided violent death :cf. oididh Muircertaigh na modh | guin is batud is loscud,—eg adbathadar i bhus | a meic Domnall is Forgus, BB 48b27 (= MacCarthy 398 ). Domnall mac Aeda...xxx. bl. ┐ d'eg adbath, 49a9 (= MacCarthy 400 ). gidh éag tháir mé gidh marbhadh, Dán Dé xxiv 21 . gan neach don dá dhuine dhéag | ma seach uile d'éag acht Eoin... doróine éag do dheoin Dé died according to God's will (of the Apostle John) xxvi 51 - 52 . gan eg do banoigid without death in childbed Lec. 126b4 . Cf. Creamthand. xx. bl.... munbadh eg a oidhig sin | doiligh fa ced a cloisten, BB 61a35 . éc fri hadart a natural death, a peaceful passing: angid [Altus Prosator] ar cech mbas acht éc fri adart, Lib. Hymn. i 65 . Freq. in pl.: lúathécai .i. anaichnide, Thes. ii 352.26 . ? da-n-arsitis ec, Bethu Brigte 408 . g p. conda-rucus dochom n-ec IT i 222 . fir...co ndath éc, Trip. 116 with gl: .i. dath báis 676 (cf. duibidir éc, Corm. Y p. 91 , cited below). tancatar a chét-éca chuci premonitory symptoms of death LB 143a30 . d p. ba moo Aodh Oiligh egaibh greater than (other) deaths (i.e. A.'s death was more grievous) AFM 876 . becc ná bu mó écaib it was almost greater (i.e. more grievous) than (all other) Fél. Nov. 10 . pian na hanma thall iar n-écaib, PH 7565 . Used of an individual death: iar n-écaib Saul, Ml. 42a6 . SR 7077 . 7675 . AFM 493 . iar n-ecaib nOengusa, Anecd. iii 60.14 . rée mór ria necaib before his death Mon. Tall. § 34 . in tan ro ngab céill for écaib when he thought he was going to die LU 130a3 = IT i 122.23 . As quasi-vn.: ba saeth mor la Dectiri a dalta do ecib, IT i 138.28 . BB 421b5 . D. do ecaib i nArd Macha, AU 988 . cen mná d'écaib de banaidid, Dinds. 161 = LL 20b . nir ba maisi leo nech do ecaib fri hadart acaib, D IV 2, 73 [63]vb 24 .

teit éc (do éc, do écaib) dies, perishes: dochoid N. éc de thám, LL 127a16 . Metr. Dinds. iv 266.15 . co ndechaidh eg, MacCarthy 420.12 . Acall. 3333 . MacCongl. 27.7 . in tan rachar d' ég, Ériu iv 17 . nā tiagam d'éccaib gortæ ZCP viii 313.3 . co ndechaid do écaib, Acall. 577n. teicht do écaib, Thes. ii 296 . daul do ecaib, Mon. Tall. § 51 . ag dul d' éag don ghrádh, Dánta Gr. 9.9 . a bhruit dhatha, a ḟailghe óir,...do-chuaidh uile d'eug, KMMisc. 362 . fo-gaib éc id.: truag nach ann fuarus éc, Acall. 3374 . Cf. diamadh a n-oirer an domuin mhoir doneatha-sa ecc if...thou hadst met thy death ZCP x 297.19 .

Fig.: slúag Banba fo bét mon mbress | diarb adba éc is úarchess, Metr. Dinds. iii 370.54 . éc rosfuc death took them iv 320.20 . coron-ergab éc opund, LL 184b31 . duibidir éc ...rind a fiaclae, Corm. Y p. 91.18 (cf. fir co ndath ēc, Trip. 116 , cited above). ni huaim téit éc dian deimin | acht triall for sét dom ṡaigid, ACL iii 216 § 9 . mithigh oirchill an éaga | duine dhínn ní dheirméada, Dán Dé v 7 . dáil n-éco, Fianaig. 10 § 3 (see note p. 18). do-chúaid dáil éca ḟuair, Metr. Dinds. iv 2.22 . deog a topur éca it-ib | i cath Oetna ..., LL 184b35 . ro tuit C. risin tulaig co tancadar deocha dian-éca da indsaigid (i.e. he became weak), Acall. 6601 n. Cf. éca amar apparently = amar éca dirge (?) gl. on Hy vi 12 , Thes. ii 352 (see amar, Contribb.). COMPDS.: ¤baíth: uas rind ind échta éc-baith the deadly foolish deed Metr. Dinds. iii 104.14 . ¤bethu: a purt bhfind na hēg-bethad of the life after death (?) ACL iii 235 . ¤dál: ó doluid issin éc-dáil the tryst with death Metr. Dinds. iii 214.50 . ¤dube: delfid ecdubi, TFerbe 194 . ¤náma deadly enemy (?): bidbaig no ecnámait, BDD 47 § 57 (Eg.) . ¤plāig `destructive plague ' Laws i 20.17 Comm.

1 fochell

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 fochell or dil.ie/22437

Forms: foichell, faich—, foichill, focuil

n ā, f. (vn. of fo-cíallathar) occurs only once in Glosses, Wb. 15c24 . In later Mid. Ir. foichell (faich—), n s. sometimes foichill.

(a) attending to; attention, heed, respect (?); possibly in follg. exx.: is tacaír dúnn a chaínf.¤ asar corp (gl. omnes nos manifestari ante tribunal Christi oportet, ut referat unusquisque propria corporis sui) Wb. 15c24 ; `ihn gut zu ehren' Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 484 ; `meet for us is its fair wage out of our body' Thes. (see 2 fochell); to pay good heed to Him (? it) out of (i.e. while in) our body (?). Cf. ticfa [Crist] dia brátha ... is tacair do chách a f.¤ (ḟocholl, foichill, ḟochaill v.l.), Ériu ii 194 § 7 . in tan fondailter fochall | do chách iarna mes ` reward ' Ériu iii 102 § 27d (monastic rule). ní dleaghair gan í d'ḟaichill one should be on guard against it (of a missile) Ir. Monthly 1927, 190 . can chagill [gan faichill v.l.] can aititin can chadus ... do Dia no da duni, Cog. 152.2 . intí nach tug daditín na dachill [dḟaicill v.l.; leg. d'aititin ná d'ḟaichill] do Maelsechlaind ... ed risa n-imred oencluchi do fidchill ..., 66.3 . conid de asberar Achell ar Themair ... daig na ḟaichle bae ar sūil ind rig, Rawl. 131b37 (of Cormac m. Airt; because of the importance attached to the king's [wounded] eye ?).

(b) anticipating, preparing for; of being in readiness for; being prepared to face (dangers, enemies, etc.), with obj. gen.: badar ... tri bliadna ic airithin ┐ ic foichill na fledi sin, BB 255a40 = ro.bás hi fochill na fleidhe sin fri ré teora lethbliadhan ZCP xi 61.6 . ba heigen doib faichill ḟuilaing fer nÉirend to make provision for the support of Ériu iv 124 § 1 . adfíadar dóib ind [ḟ]áilte [?] do ḟochaill inna dubthíne (that there was) hospitality [?] prepared beforehand against the hard season ZCP viii 313.2 . Cf. d'ḟaichill gorta to guard against famine Content. vi 80 . roboth sect mbliadnai oca foichill (of preparations for war) RC xii 82 § 83 . bid maith fri foichill bratha ... discáil céille din domun, ZCP vii 298.14 . mithig faichill tiuglaithi it is time to prepare for ACL iii 311 § 7 = focuil, AFM ii 618 . is ferr a fochill do chēin (of an approaching calamity) LB 242b = O'Curry MS. Mat. 633 (cf. is cáir dot onáir mh'ḟaithchill, Ir. Monthly 1920, 52 ). biaid cech fer i fochill araile (gl. arfoichlifet fir firu men will be on their guard against one another) RC xxvi 47 n. 6 . baoí sidhe co feithmheach ... i foichill a iondsaigthe dia easccairdibh, AFM vi 1956.22 . ro bhaoí ócclach ... i ffoichill a n-éludha awaiting their escape 1898.8 . ag foichill écc gach aonlaithe expecting 2218.13 . With AR (FOR): hi ffoichill ḟorra ready to meet them (enemies) AFM vi 2010.14 . na daoine a mbíonn eagla Dé 'na gcroidhthe, ┐ i mbionn faithchill ┐ roimhfeacháin aca air, Corp. Astron. 68 . Cf. bói an manabail lais i n-aichill Báithin in readiness for B. BNnÉ 328 § 58 .

1 gat

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 gat or dil.ie/25449

n o, m. IGT Decl. § 73 . a withe, an osier, also a halter or fastening made of withes or osiers : gat salach an osier withe, Laws i 174.10 Comm. gat im indeoin (as a means of distraint), ii 118.22 Comm. má se a ghat romaidh `if it be its tie that has given way,' iii 176.14 . is gat fás flaith cen giallu `a prince without hostages is a withered rod,' PRIA iii 544 § 18 ( LL 146b36 ). berid gatt eter cach ndís úaib, LU 5352 = gad, TBC-I¹ 876 . méit mulaig for gut `the size of a cheese on a withe,' LU 6953 ( BDD 38 ). cuiris an prioir gad thairis amail crios, BNnÉ 297 § 36 . is gat im ganem (of an impossible or very difficult undertaking), TBC-LL¹ 4057 . Cf. MacCongl. 71.26 . LL 225b37 ( TTr. 629 ). Cog. 162.23 . is iris ghoid um ghaineamh, IGT Decl. ex. 1565 . an tan do shaoil [Amán] an fhortúin do bheith ar ghad aige under his control, Mac Aingil 80.8 . g s. atnaig a cend i ruth gait in the noose of a withe, Metr. Dinds. iii 252.127 . pl. i ṅ-gataib ... tucsat ... a n-alma ... tarsi, ┐ leicset ... a n-gait ... lasin ṅ-glais (etymology of the name Gatlach), TBC-LL¹ 1598 - 1600 . Glend nGat (n. l.), LU 5353 . no tesccadh ... snadmann na ngad ┐ na ngoistedh, CCath. 3980 . do bhris seision na gaid mar do brisfeadh snáithe barruigh, Judges xvi 9.

Compd. ¤béimnech : a ḟolt gobann gatbēimnig, Bruchst. § 81 . See also gatṡním.

2 íar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 íar or dil.ie/26932

n end, hinder part: íar cach ndéidhinach, Cóir Anm. § 45. anair ... aon a hīar .i. i n-āentarmfortcend a forcend, Corm. Y 41. iar a phearsan le maide go róintear, Ó Bruad. i 82.10 .

Forms many compounds, e.g. íarcomarc, íarcuibdius, íarsheng, íarshliss, íarthuaiscertach (see below). The initial of the second element may originally have been lenited but, perhaps due to confusion with words whose first element was 1 íar, eclipsis seems to have been more general. In compounds its meaning is end, back, west (this last because the Irish faced east when naming the points of the compass, cf. dess, túaid, thúaid).

?=íar-nóin the end of the day? evening?: do ghéabhtha i ngothaibh na n-éan | moladh gach éan-lá [agus] iar, A. Ó Dálaigh xx 8. [im] iar nocha ghabhaim guais `in my eventide I feel no fear,' PBocht 7 § 9. bíom féin gut eidhir re n-iar `let thy Son receive me before evening,' Aithd. D. 84 § 9.

1 íccaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 íccaid or dil.ie/27150

v ā (ícc)

I

(a) pays: ma dudesta ní di bar n-iris íccfidir per ...,' `if aught be lacking ... it will be made goodper ...', Wb. 25a30 . co ro ica in flaith fiach na gu-breithe risin ceile, Laws v 178.16 Comm. íctair meich fris ocus ni hictar aithgin, iv 50.9 Comm. ica lan fiach re fine ┐ nocha n-icann ní re leba, O'Curry 2553 (< Eg. 88, fo. 46c ). conríccatar a seuít frie `until its prices be paid to her,' Thes. ii 239.17 (Ardm.). is and sin icfas in Comdiu a chommaín féin fri cach nduni, LU 2286. is innossa ra ictha a ḟéich uile ... riss, TBC-LL¹ 2991. olc íocthar ar luagh leighis, DDána 48 § 1. aniugh d'íoc mé mo mhóide `this day have I paid my vows,' Proverbs vii 14.

(b) Trans. atones for, requites, compensates for ; intrans. makes compensation: nitat pecthi collnidi híccatar and `it is not fleshly sins which are paid for there,' Wb. 4a8 . īcfa-sa in cinaid sin, Corm. Y 883.35 . ro-ica Dia d'ar ceand or nach icfamne may God requite it, Anecd. i 11.19 - 20 . in bali a m-bít hicca, isat cintach na hí íccait, Alex. 854. dofurcbat nad íccat, LU 8435 (FB). corrofaillsigthe dó an cruth noīcfaitis how they would be atoned for, ZCP iii 30.13 . ro íccus dom inchaib indiu `I have paid for my honour to-day,' RC iii 180.15 . atat araile dona pecthaib icthaid leth pennaiti colleth-arraib. Atat araile icthai arra co triun peinne `for which half-penances with half-arrea atone ... others which an arreum with one third of penances atones for ...,' RC xv 488 § 5. ni fetarsa cin damsa frit ┐ dia fesaind no icfaind cu humal an ní no millfind imat, D IV 2, fo. 74a27 . To the Cross : is tú ro-s-ícc peccad craind an imarbois, PH 2448. is ead is mó hicthar tria áine .i. etrad ┐ croes ..., 8388 . monuar ! ro ícsaim-ne `alas ! we have paid for it,' Miscell. Celt. Soc. 158.z . gur íoc a bhás coir a chloinne, DDána 15 § 10. mar do íocuis gach cáil `how thou didst requite every quality,' TD 14 § 8.

(c) endures or suffers (in atonement) : nach ícfadh se an breth aithrighi `that he would not perform the penance,' ZCP xi 118.22 . chum ceirt Dé do shásughadh tréas na pianta íocfaid ann `by the torments they are to suffer there,' Donlevy 48.8 .

(d) avenges: fri Aedh ... i cath Droma righ ro hicadh `it was avenged by Aedh,' AU i 278.8 . ní fhágfad an cnoc so go bhráth | go n-íocfad bás Thailc mhic Treoin, Oss. iv 100.12 .

(e) íccaid (ní) avails, is of advantage: iccais ní doib in gudi sin, Irish Texts i 7 § 24 . ro ícc ní dissi immorro in cossait sin `howbeit this setting at loggerheads paid her somewhat,' ZCP iii 206.1 . Without ní : ní íca a luga[e] acht a llugu (MS. -a) ḟir (MS. fir) midboth(a), Críth G. 68.

II

(a) heals, cures, mends: roícad iarum `he was healed afterwards,' Ml. 50d15 . nephḟrepthanaigthe .i. nephícthe (gl inmedicabilem), 76a17 . atait teora frither no-da-icad `three remedies which cure them,' Laws v 452.1 . indscuchad ainme na ro ictar departure due to a blemish that is not cured, 296.17 . hicsai Brig `B. cured him,' iv 16.1 . ícthair cnet cech cridi `the sigh of every heart is healed,' Fél. Prol. 228. dia ro hícad ... don galur, SR 7375. ícait, bethaigit, marbait (of herbs), 7280 . íctha a cendsi iarom combo slán, LU 6251. is me rot-ic (.i. rot-leghis), ACL iii 10 § 11. rohícadh inn ogh ón Demon, Lat. Lives 75.6 . is ann frisa hicthar in dunibad do thidecht `for thereby the mortality is prevented (lit. cured) from coming,' RC xii 430 § 26. Cf. aatat (sic) a tri noda icat, dechmada ocus primiti ocus almsana, Laws i 50.27 . corob hícta on fodord `until he be cured of murmuring,' Ériu vii 164.1 . gurbo calma coirp-shlemain cnedhīctha Conn, ML² 1270. ro bhris an soitheach ... ros íoc made it whole, BNnÉ 185.7 . ? Of relieving thirst : maith ro nícad ` gut wurde sie gestillt,' Snedg. u. Mac R § 4 .

(b) saves, redeems: ithé sidi immurgu beta hícthi, Wb. 3d29 . ar ni fil ceneel na belre isin biuth di nad rícthe nech `of which someone shall not have been saved,' 28b1 . ar huimli a menman is airi ícfaitir, Ml. 54a1 . íccfaid-side cách dia cintaib, PH 6475.

(c) solves, resolves: ícaid som didiu anisin a n-asmbeir ... `he solves that,' Ml. 55d11 . o ro íctha dóib trá a cesta, RC xxvi 10.11 . is é ro aiglestar in naenmhur ocus dobert aenaithesc dóib gonusícc na noe naithesca `that satisfied (i.e. answered and resolved) their nine discourses,' SG 75.17 . acht comblaistis ní dia thorud iraruis no ícfaitis a cesta, LL 166a42 .

? eprid in n-ícfa in fer sin i mbárach ícfa écin or Cu Chulaind, LU 6041 - 2 .

íchtarach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. íchtarach or dil.ie/27163

Forms: ichtarchu

adj o, ā (íchtar) lower, lowest, low, below: forsin testimin ní.¤ `on the text below,' Ml. 47c5 . i nglennaib ... ichtaraig ifirn, IT i 191.29 . coica cubat ... isin taibled i.¤ , SR 2450. for brú Banna iochtaraicche `of the lower Bann,' Gorm. Jan. 22 n. 4 . findruine for ind leith i.¤ , TBC-LL¹ p. 766 n. i . in t-inne iachtarach (gl. líén) `the lower gut ,' Ir. Gl. 1013. isin treibh n-īchtaraigh (i.e. hell), ZCP viii 212 § 62. isin dorchatu i.¤ , PH 7759. cúich aittrebus isin tabernacul íchtaraig, 8084 . go grinneall an ionaid íochtraigh, Keat. Poems 684. co nuic an ponc medonac i.¤ fo talamh `to the central lower point beneath the earth,' ITS xiv 76.z . uisgeadha an luig íochtaruigh, Isaiah xxii 9. Compar. ind ichtarchu gl. inferius, Ml. 24d30 .

As subst. o, m. the lower (one): tacmaicead a fés in t-ichtarach co rrici a glúin, BDD² 540. girru cach n-ūachtarach lais, ocus libru cach n-ī.¤ (of garments), MacCongl. 43.24 .

Fig., oppd. to úachtarach and úasal: of status, character, inferior, low, lowest: ótha in fer iachtarach in geilfine co roige in fer úachtarach `from the lowest man of the geilfine division ..., Laws iv 258.22 Comm. uasal i fre[s]cisin na suthaine, í.¤ isin dérchóiniud `noble in the hope of eternity, low in despair,' PH 3999. ar na rannaib íochtaracha, mar atáid ... na cúig céadfadha corpardha, TSh. 3349.

1 imm, imb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 imm, imb or dil.ie/27635
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: imm, im, im, im, himm, imm, um, am, ma, mo, uime, um, fa, imm, imma, im, im, um, im, immin, immin, immun, immon, imon, amun, 'mun, 'man, 'mon, imma n-, imma, imma, imman, imna, immum, imam, imum, imumm, umam, umum, ummumm, immut, imut, umat, umaitsiu, iomut, umad, 'mud, immbi, imbi, immi, imbe, immbe, imme, ime, uime, uimme, imi, uime, impe, impi, immpe, uimpe, uimpi, impea, immunn, immund, immaind, imaind, iomuin-ne, immib, imuib, umaibh, impu, immpu, umpu, umpa, iompa, impaib, imum, 'mam, im du, im do, immut, imod, 'mat, imma, imma, immo, ima, uma, má, immo, immó, immua n-, imm

prep. leniting follg. consonant and governing the acc. Forms: imm alaile, Wb. 27b12 . im anad, 27d19 . im Dia, 4c24 . im hirusalem, Ml. 72d8 . im chrechtu (sic leg.), 144c5 . himm chenn, Sg. 54a11 . imm ṡalond, IT i 43 § 13. um, Laws iv 226.13 , Ériu i 91.10 , PH 3855 , TSh. 2502 , etc. am, RC xviii 184.1 . ma, Ériu iv 174 § 4. mo, Leb. Gab.(i) 112.17 . uime, um fhear a chíall ┐ bha fhear ┐ ma fhear a chíall, IGT Introd. 19.2 . fa, TTebe 2767 .

In late O.Ir. and Mid.Ir. imm sometimes governs dat. in pl.: imma rusccuib, IT i 120.9 . im slessaib, SR 3742. im ailib, TBC-LL¹ 1544. um a setaib, Laws iv 226.13 . im chorpaib, PH 7022.

With art.: sg. m and f. immin bidbethid, Wb. 15c14 . immin cathraich, Ml. 48d14 . immun aírc, 83a4 . immon coin, Sc.M² § 21 j . imon imdai, BDD² 1108. amun feis, Sc.M² § 23.8 . With elision 'mun coirthi, TBC-LL¹ 1233. 'man am, ML² 94. 'mon airdrig, TTebe 3912 . n. imma n-: imma nisin, Ml. 56b31 . imma ndelg, Thes. ii 248.7 . imman tech, MU² 871. pl. imna téta, TBFr. 104.

With pron. suff.: sg. 1 immum, Sc.M² § 10. imam, ib. § 13 R . imum, PH 8161. imumm, 8163 . umam, 1800 . umum, 8160 . ummumm, 6159 . sg. 2 immut, Ml. 118c12 . PH 5047. imut, 8184 . umat, 453 . umaitsiu, TTebe 1064 . iomut, DDána 68 § 33. umad, 97 § 34 . With elision: 'mud, 64 § 1 . sg. 3 m. and n. immbi, Wb. 13d22 . imbi, Sc.M² § 3. immi, § 17 . imbe, MU² 705. immbe, PH 873. imme, MU² 716. ime, PH 3301. uime, 2753 . uimme, 509 . imi, TTebe. 1865. uime, IGT Introd. 19.2 . f. impe, Sc.M² § 5 , TBFr. 82. impi, BDD² 539. immpe, PH 7238. uimpe, 8159 . uimpi, Stair Erc. 2076. impea, 1333 . pl. 1 immunn, Wb. 15c13 . immund, TBFr. 188. immaind, TBC-LL¹ 4752. imaind, PH 7945. iomuin-ne, DDána 39 § 21. pl. 2 immib, Wb. 27b16 . imuib, PH 7855. umaibh, TSh. 6949. pl. 3 impu, Ml. 62b13 . immpu, BDD² 681. umpu, 461 . umpa, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1778. iompa, TSh. 6958. With dat.: impaib, MU² 774. TBC-LL¹ 938.

With poss.: sg. 1 imum chend, PH 1871. 'mam chend, TTebe 2928 . sg. 2 im du chenn, Thes. ii 249.1 . im do tegdais, PH 4525. immut taeb, imod thoeb, TBC-LL¹ 4073. 'mat fortacht, TTebe 3757 . sg. 3 imma chomalnad, Wb. 30b4 , imma thír, Ml. 62b9 . immo chend, BDD² 1455. ima chend, ib. 840 . uma chend, TTebe 971 . With elision : má chossa, LU 8520 (FB). pl. 1 immo ar sáorad, Mon. Tall. 127.9 . pl. 2 immó bar mbeolu, RC ix 484.17 . pl. 3 immua n-: immelotar immuan eclis `they circumambulated their church,' Thes. ii 242.15 (Ardm.). ba cendaib, PH 393.

With rel. pron.: imma n-, immo n-, immua n-: nech ... immandaister (gl. mentis incompotem), Ml. 50d2 . immuambiat, 18b4 . én immoniada sás, Thes. ii 294.27 ( SP iv ). imma rrabatar, MU² 861. With elision: aní má tudchatar, LU 9011 (FB).

For Mid. Ir. forms fa, ba=imm see under fo (prep.).

I Of place.

(a) around, about: immib di cach leith `around you on every side,' Wb. 17b19 . condarlicthe tech ... immunn di nim `that a house be let down around us from heaven,' 15c13 . bite im chrechtu (sic leg.) `which are wont to be about wounds,' 144c5 . buithe im hirusalem du assaraib, 72d8 . ara teget immin cathraich, 48d14 . in nél nobith immunaírc, 83a4 . fuslegar de imma ndelg immecúairt `it is smeared all round the thorn,' Thes. ii 248.7 . canir anisiu ... imdu chenn `this is sung about thy head,' 249.1 . (tech) udnocht coíl imbi, Críth G. 102. dodat láim immom bragit, IT i 125.6 . da malaigh ... imma rusccuib `two eyebrows about her eyes,' 120.9 . Ulaid im gnúis Conchobair, 81.10 . ro lásat tri imrothu imma chend, LU 8600 (FB). do ratad ... damdabach dona boccótib immi im(m)a c(h)ūairt an enclosing shelter of shields was put about him all round, Sc.M² § 17. niptar aigthi carat im ḟleid, § 5. (imdae) dá aurainech ... impe, TBFr. 82. tucait a trí timchúardda imman tech, MU² 871. in tech íarnaide imma rrabatar in dá thech cláraid, 861 . Benna Iuchna | imma ndessid ilar fert, Hail Brigit § 19. coro lám cor imón slúag, LU 3781 ( SCC 35 ). día mbé nech occá sirḟegad imme anair ocus aníar, 2028 . do-gní íarum foebarchles don chloidem immo chend, BDD² 1455. suidig na slúagu 'na sreith | bii impu do cach oen leith, SR 5014. tuc a da rigid mun coirthi, TBC-LL¹ 1233. talam ísaind ┐ muir immaind, 4752 . uathbas bretha impaib do thulbemmennaib, 938 . gnáth mirr do thabairt im chorpaib dóine, PH 7022. Egeptacda ... filet imon cathraig im Chirinen `circa Cyrenen,' 5384 . do denum na mur imna cethrai, 1034 . atá comrar chloche imbi and hi talmain, Imr. Brain 48.13 . cor íadsattar ... | 'mon ríg ocus 'mon rīgain `till they closed about the king and queen,' BColm. 88.23 . frisna tūatha imdatāat with the tribes around which they are, ZCP viii 315.10 . in fearann uma ndentar in t-aile, Laws iv 70.23 Comm. ro hadnaiced na geill im ḟert Ḟiachra, RC xxiv 184.18 . cuirfed-sa coimghi c[h]onaire umat, ML² 460. roibhadur an dá c[h]omdáil sin leath ar leith 'mun all, Feis Tighe Chonáin 169. na coroni ... atat 'mam chend, TTebe 2928 . ro thaoscc an muir bleidhmiola mó a fearonn, Leb. Gab.(i) 66 n 8 . do córaigsium a marcsluagh imma Cunga siar, Ann. Conn. 1230 § 3. fuair Conchubhar ┐ Cúchulainn go gcomhdháil umpa, Keat. ii 3528. do ling ... soighnéan do ghaoith ... um an dteagh, TSh. 2502. Peadar umam i ngach aird `may Peter defend me,' DDána 38 § 32. a throigh im thairnge bhfuar | ... | dearna an Choimdheadh im chló ngéar, Dán Dé xxvi 6.

In a special sense, of the meeting of lines of descent in a person: ní ḟuil do thaobh Chuirc nó Chuinn | umad, a Aodh Í Dhomhnuill | fuil ríogh lér dhligheabhair dol `there is no noble connection whom thou owest to resemble,' TD 3 § 54. atáid uime ... ocht nglúine déug uaisle fithcheid ... ó Aodh go Niall Naoighiallach, TD ii 208 y . Turcuill, Íomhair, agus Amhláoimh | iomad, a laoich Locha Riach `belonging to your family,' SGS iv 66 § 28. da nairfinn an ttainig uime dúaslibh Ghaoidheal `were I to ennumerate all those connected with him of the nobles of the Gael,' Rel. Celt. ii 208.27 . do b'airrdheana dísle dhí | ón dá thaobh táinig uimpe, DDána 7 § 37. ríoghradh Éireann | umut ... | go Conn na gcuan | is an drong uadh go hÉireamhón, 114 § 27. In follg. exx. the sense has been transferred to the presence of the blood of one ancestor in a person: Duach mhac Briain do bheith umad, Aithd. D. 41 § 25. ní fhuil d'urradh ná d'airdrígh | d' fhine Chuinn dá gcuir leis-sean | gan tuinn dá fhuil uimei-sean, DDána 82 § 38.

(b) Of clothes considered as encircling the body, around, about, on: criss fírinne immib, Wb. 22d16 . snáthe nobíth himm chenn na sacardd, Sg. 54a11 . co n-étaigib ... impaib, MU² 774. do-bertatar étach ríg dó imbi, BDD² 158. cassla derga ... impu co lár, LU 2199. arit odor immi, 8520 (FB). asso argait imm a cosa, Anecd. i 61 § 90. bec in n-étach-sin immpu, PH 8195. do-chuir tú feoil ┐ lethar mar étach umam, 7457 . a lamanda ... ima lamaib, TTebe 2504 . cionnas tháinic tusa asteach ann so gan édach bainnse umad, Matthew xxii 12. éadaighe úra éadtroma do chur iompa, TSh. 6958. With gaibid puts on: gaibid immib a n-etach macc cóimsa, Wb. 27b16 . lasse gabas immbi, 13d22 . gebid Cú Chulainn a threlam gaiscid immi, MU² 52. gabais Fráech immi cona muntir, TBFr. 352. gab etach ... umat, PH 453. do gab a dhā lāmhaind ... im a lāmhuibh, 1475 . Fig. gabhaidh nua-dhuine umaibh, TSh. 6949. ? To this: ecmaing nís ragbusa immum it happened that I had not taken it (i.e. a ring) about me, TBFr. 335.

(c) more definitely, at, by, along: conaccatar Coinculainn immon corthe `they saw Cú Chulainn at the pillar-stone,' RC iii 182.y . do thuit ma dhoras an gharrdha, Rel. Celt. ii 188.12 . mórchoínd[e] la Toirrdelbach ┐ la Tigernan im Sinaind `a great meeting held by T. and T. at the Shannon,' RC xviii 169.19 . docum na léna boi im bord na habund, RC vi 176.61 . trí meic Tuireann ... | tuitsead im Chnuc mac Miodhchaoin, DDána 64 § 27. a chnuic thoir re taoibh Ealla | ... | giodh 'mud bhruach do hoileadh inn, 64 § 1.

(d) along with, including: coiri cona lánlestrai thige airech im dabaig including a vat, Críth G. 339. humalestrai im chaire, 405 . ro gadatar na huili dúile aicsidi ┐ nemaicsidi imna dá apstal déac, Trip.² 1368. corothroiscset maithe fer nErenn im mac nÓida Sláne ┐ im Fechine Fabair ... ┐ im sochaide archena so that the nobles of the men of Ireland including the son of Aed Slane, etc. fasted, Thes. ii 298.13 . ō thucus-[s]a trī laíchcenn ūait im chenn do chétmeic, Sc.M² § 12. dobretha Findabair ┐ cóeca ingen impi hi tech Con Culaind, LU 8837 (FB). Illand im[ma thūaith `with his tribe,' Hail Brigit § 22. co tísat im gaire | im Maire is im Michéol `together with Mary and Michael,' Ériu i 226 § 4. sē dēsa do imforcra | imum-sa fadēin `six pairs besides myself,' 39 § 7 . secht mna decc ruccus im Ceassair `including C.' (the context shows that there were sixteen others besides C.), Leb. Gab.(i) 12.18 . ro triall sechnóin Eireann ... ┐ a bheirt espoc uime `and his two bishops with him,' 86.25 . cella locha Eirne n-uile im chluain Eoais ┐ Daiminis, AU i 338.18 . secht righ Cruithne im Aed m-brec `including Aedh Brec,' 58.9 . aca innisi dho a mhēt do righuibh doghab righi Mhuman uime `in addition to him,' Caithr. CC 31 § 50 . is dá loch um loch nEachach ` besides ,' Content. iv § 30 . aitchim an dá dheagh-fháidh dhéag ... im Aindrias im Eóin nglan-ógh including, Dán Dé xxv 50 - 51 .

(e) After vbs. of motion, to, into, through, throughout (cf. fo): tangamur man caillidh-so `we came to this wood,' ZCP vi 65.14 . docuadhus man coillidh cetna gut' iaraid, 66.22 . dollotar na slúaig ... im ailib ┐ im airtraigib críchi Conaille, TBC-LL¹ 1544. docuadar in .l. ele as dibh man caillidh `the other fifty fled away throughout the wood,' Stair Erc. 2350.

(f) Of impact, collision (more usually fri), against, on: dolleici a cend immon cloich co n-derna brúrig dia cind, IT i 82.2 co n-ecmaing a tul immon n-all combo marb de, LU 8934 (FB). atraig súas īarsin contarlaic imma scín co m-búi triana druim suas, RC xiii 391.8 . commad im claideb dodoléced con n-abbad, RC xvi 414.27 . tuc béim de immun corthe, TBC-LL¹ 1027. do léig Tómas an buille sin um lár agas um lántalamh, PCT 561.

II Of time. Of the approximate time of an occurrence, at, about: atconnarc ... aislingi immón samain innuraid `at Samuin last year,' LU 3331 (SC). macc Murchada ... do écc im ḟēil catrach fīona `on the feast of Catherine', ZCP viii 111.7 . cath iter Delbna ┐ Uu Maine im ḟéil Ciarain, RC xvii 377.21 . ní do denam dó im teirt `he has to do some duty at tierce,' Mon. Tall. 145.9 . cantir salm aurnaigti ... im espartan, 131.9 . im iarmergi indnocht `at nocturns to-night,' BColm. 68.14 . iomdha um nóin seabhac is sodh, Aithd. D. 5 § 13. um thráth nóna, TSh. 3800. im an uair sin, Études Celt. i 85.28 . budh lór d'adhḟuath mun n-amsa, TD 4 § 32.

III In abstract sense, concerning, as regards, in the matter of, on account of, for the sake of: immin bidbethid, Wb. 15c14 . im dethidnea saeculi , 16b11 . im cech rét runecat les `in respect of everything that they need,' Ml. 57b4 . aní imradam-ni impu som di ulc `what evil we are meditating concerning them,' 93a5 . robói dosom imma thír `that he had for his land' (gl. magnitudinem desiderii), 62b9 . luid Sechnall iar tain du chuúrsagad Pátricc im charpat boie lais, Thes. ii 242.11 (Ardm). (mucc) tri neim ... no-bíata co-ralta ár fer n-Ērenn impe so that the slaughter of the men of Ireland would come about on account of it, Sc.M² § 5. Derdriu a hainm ocus biaid olc impe, IT i 69.24 . nach airm inda tochrathar im imṡéna `wherever they happen to be concerned about a conflict of evidence,' Críth G. 418. dul tria aitiri im ní dichuat fuiri `violating his suretyship in regard to a matter for which he is surety,' 306 . as í sin maigin digona in boaire um a setaib `this is the inviolable precinct of the boaire chief respecting his seds,' 226.13 . Aimirgen ... ruc in chétbreith im Themair, Ériu iv 136.20 . mād imdherccad dagmnā im drūis no im sēna a clainne, Cáin Ad. § 51. is í dias as dech fil i nÉrinn im les a tigerna `about attending to the needs of their lord,' BDD² 1220. bentai Cuc[h]ulaind cona claideb ... co torchair a ētach ṅde ┐ nī forbai imo chnes did not wound him as to his skin, TBC-I¹ 1203. nemchomaitecht doib im caomclód praindi `not to indulge them with a change of diet,' Mon. Tall. 152.25 . do demniugud a n-irse imon esergi, PH 6686. ticfat aidhedha uaisle sunn aníu ┐ frithailid iat im biadh ┐ im fotraccadh, BNnÉ 18 § 36. ro croch tríchait im óenboin, ACL iii 304 § 3. is faillítheach bhíd na daoine ... um fhóirithin ar na marbhaibh, TSh. 5021. iongnadh eagla ar an anmain | ma dhul as an ndrochadhbhaidh, Aithd. D. 80 § 40. is ar tí cumainn chairte | do bhí umainn adhlaicthe `He lay buried for our sake,' Dán Dé xxi 24. bac ar ghriangha um theachta as-teagh `a barrier to keep out the sunlight,' Studies 1920, 262 § 9 . do bhí an fhearthain iomuin-ne for our sake, DDána 39 § 21. do airg teagduis apstolicda San Sem ... uma leabhraibh `plundered of its books,' ITS xix 112.19 .

With the idea of purpose, with a view to: altram Néill im chomga cnes `the fostering of Niall to save his life,' Ériu iv 94.8 . fermaidni nemeli fri rig nime ... immo ar sáorad `we pour forth lamentation ... to gain our deliverance,' Mon. Tall. 127.9 . ar chaínbésaib im chóemchostud na fledi `as regards the fair arrangement of the feast,' MU² 211. ro coraidhid iarum ... cách ... im chosdud na fledhi `to celebrate the feast,' Ériu v 234.36 . ordughadh an ríogh leis um ginleirecht na harmaraile do bheth aige, Rel. Celt. ii 178.17 . an t-augdarrāss ro buī aigi ... um thoigheacht, Fl. Earls 258.16 .

In rel. construction with vb. about which, on account of which, concerning which: atfíadat ... do Úath aní má tudchatar día saigthin, LU 9011 (FB). cia fāth maradgoired isin pupullsa?, TBC-I¹ 2223. in fáth ima nderna peccad, PH 6456. cid ma ragad Condere `why should C. go,' Ériu i 114 § 3. cid imma ngabthar trebad, ZCP viii 112.22 . créd ma tucsabair orm faistine duib, TTebe 1316 . cidh um a faicim marbh thu? cidh um nach faghaim bas leat?, ITS xix 96.13 . ceadh 'ma badh ionpháirte inn, DDána 101 § 20.

As pred. of copula: is ime aderar Glenn na mBodar ris, Comp. CC 86.2 . is uimme tuc Dia chucam thu, PH 509. is uime ro ordaigh Ercuil in cathair sin do dhenum, Stair Erc. 1628. is uime cheana rug Dia an daoir-bhreath so ar na daoinibh, TSh. 4.

With certain vbs. and vns.

(i) Of praying, entreating, asking: amal rotgádsa im anad in ephis, Wb. 27d19 . annongeiss cách imma chomalnad, 30b4 . amail tānigc Crīst co Martan dia fagh[d]e ima brat, BColm. 60.7 . ro-guidius he ima throcaire, PH 2786. ro-n-aitchiset im thomailt na fheoland, 6547 . ailthus Eogan imm essomon E. asks them for a truce, ZCP viii 313.5 . do guidh í ... um creidim na hEclusa do comét, RC xix 378 § 255. rosgáid Ái ... im dilsi in maige sin do ┐ 'moa ainm fair, RC xv 469 § 69. an Trīnōit nemda do atach ┐ do etorguide ... um aon tuismedh amhāin cloinni dfagāil dó, Fl. Earls 222.18 .

(ii) Of fasting for : corothroiscset ... im húatigud na ndoine `they fasted ... to get the population reduced,' Thes. ii 298.16 . rotheiscset (rotroiscsit v.l.) imbi fri Dia, Mon. Tall. 157.18 . trosgcis Mocholmógc impu fair `M. fasted against him for it,' BColm. 92.13 . rofágaib Colmán troscud umpi seo `C. left [as an ordinance] that they should fast for it,' 88.13 . rothroiscset na Cristaide fria Dia ... im a fhurtacht, PH 7259. tredan tri laa co n-aidchi for in gCuimdid imo thodūscud dūib to fast for three days and nights to the Lord to have him awakened for you, ACL iii 3.30 .

(iii) Of granting, bestowing: ron-íurusa im chét mbó bódána, BDD² 267. ronír Brigit immon flaith, ZCP xi 109 § 17.

(iv) Of refusing, denying: coru díultai fri Pátraic imma fleid he refused to invite P. to his feast, Trip.² 2180. noco sénaim-si umat-sa sin, PH 3157. as iad ... nár ér mh'occlach ... im brat no im biadh, BNnÉ 266 § 234. nocot-érfaind imm óenní `I would not refuse thee aught,' Ériu iv 98.4 . eitchither iat im na mnáib `the women are refused them,' Metr. Dinds. iii 324.15 . ar sena féin imm ar n-deilb we ourselves being repudiated on account of our appearance, Mer. Uil. 9. gan duine d'éaradh um shéad ná um biadh, Keat. ii 5183. ro diult Ercuil iat uime sin, Stair Erc. 1876.

(v) Of wronging, violating: sarugad amais um a comairce `the violating of the protection of his hired soldier,' Laws iv 230.17 . mo ṡargud immontí thanic for m'óisam, TBC-LL¹ 1911. a cinaidh sáraigt[h]i Colmāin imon cimidh, BColm. 72.9 . is e in duine-si ro-t-saraig um Lazáir `it is he who robbed thee of Lazarus,' PH 3855. dorūacht cuca in chaillech ... roṡāraigh Bresal 'ma boin, ZCP vii 306.9 .

(vi) Of striving, urging, inciting, compelling: ní etaigthersu imma nisin `thou shalt not be emulous concerning it,' Ml. 56b31 . boí in t-imcosnam cetna beius imón curadmir, LU 9035 (FB). bai didu imchosnum ... im forba Echach eter a coic macaib, RC xxiv 176.6 . gabais cách díb immarbáig a mmuin a céli im gabáil na n-én, LU 3245 (SC). cipe do-s-gní imresain im edpart dona deeb, PH 1116. ro-chomecnigestar lucht na cathrach im chomalliud timnai `he forced the citizens to obey a law,' 6531 . nach greisfider im dénum maithiusa, 4657 . ro ghreis Cirion a muindter im calma do denum, Stair Erc. 1573. comraicfit im óenbargin, Ériu i 132.64 . ro grendaig im cath hé `he challenged him to battle,' RC xviii 48.7 .

(vii) Of mocking, laughing at: tibit in macrad im sodain, LU 8845 (FB). ac fonamat imme `making mockery of him,' BColm. 92.15 . fáitbis tra in máthair imon córaid crodai, PH 6626. dorónsat fochuitbiud immun fadesin ┐ fo Troiánaib, TTr.² 304. do maidh a gean gáire for Coin Chulainn uime sin, Comp. CC 110.19 . lúathgair do chor immum-sa `to make rejoicing for me,' Ériu iv 128.17 .

(viii) Of teaching, instructing: ro-forcan Ísu a apstalu imna rúnib diadai, PH 3419. tanic do fhorcetul na n-apstal ima n-il-berlaib, 5446 . co forcanad hé im ord airnaigthi, ACL iii 10 § 8.

(ix) Of judging: fo-gella ... imm appeals to the judgment in the matter of: bertair do Themair ┐ fogellsat in ríg imbi, BDD² 212. fugeallsat immiu, ZCP vii 305.17 .

In distrib. sense with numbers, for equivalent of to in the Eng. idiom two to one: es da mnae im cech oen fer `two wives to every one man,' Todd Lect. iii 26.10 . ticc días im gach n-aoinḟer úaind, ZCP viii 219 § 18. tricha míle marcach in cech cath dibh ┐ di troighthech um cech marcach, Marco P. § 55.

Used with obj. after words expressing (a) emotion, feeling, (b) behaviour towards.

After words expressive

(i) Of desire, greed, jealousy, envy: mét inná imlainne robói dosom im Dia `strong craving (?) he had for God,' Ml. 62a2 . ar accubur ┐ saint immin domun, 69a6 . ar ét im chrabud `for zeal for devotion,' 36d24 . gabais ... saint an rí impi `the king desired her,' IT i 120.13 . ro gab mian ... imm ṡalond, 43.13 . rom-gab imtholta im erscéluib Tāno do ḟaisnēis dam, ACL iii 3.18 . is cora frichnam immpe na fa anóir na colla, PH 7409. mor menmai ... imma curadmir `great is the eagerness for the champion's portion,' RC xiii 30.35 . rogab ailges ┐ accobur in righ ma fegad int soitig noemtha, D IV 2, 72va 8 . is é Ulcan tre ét umait-siu tuc forru cach col da ndernatis, TTebe 1064 . nocha denaim-se ... fich na formad um airdchendus na Greigi, 834 .

(ii) Of anger and its opposite towards: fích 'mon oirbiri d'aithris `fury at repeating the taunt,' Ériu iv 214 § 8. ocus in aininne mor bis ag neach im a cheli `the great anger which a man has towards his fellow,' v 24.14 . ba lonn ... in ingen imon sgel sin, RC vi 174.18 . cé dogénsam ainmne uime `though we were patient about it,' ACL iii 295 § 22. ba hainmnetach imma chommiledaib, RC ii 388 § 11.

(iii) Of affection and its opposite towards: nípat úarchraidech im chardiu | bat gusmar im naimtiu `be not cold-hearted towards friends, be stern towards enemies,' LU 3493 (SC). co raibhi ic báidhe imme `till he was fondling him,' Moling § 39. ba bádhach (bághach MS.) side im Laighniph `he was fond of the Leinsterman,' § 58 . ar méd a gradha ┐ a deithite uime `by reason of the great love and care he had for him,' BNnÉ 291 § 6. do beith gradach uman creidim cathoilica, RC xix 374 § 247. báidh im congnam re céile affection in the matter of mutual succour, O'Gr. Cat. 354.24. níptor córaigh mo a forba `they were not at peace about their possessions,' Leb. Gab.(i) 112.17 . nirbho sainsearcach im ó nDomhnoill, Hugh Roe 136.13 . mioscais uí Chonchobair im cenél cConoill, ib. 14 . mise go ndíoghrais uimpi | 's gan í go suilbhir umainn, Dánta Gr. 58.3 . minic nach buan críoch a cumainn | ní fríoth achd fuar umainn í, DDána 36 § 4. na bi-si súarach uime `be not ungracious to him,' Stair Erc. 2073.

(iv) Of fear, anxiety, sorrow for: ba leth ndogra immon coin, Sc.M² § 21j . mairg dorumalt a n-imned dorumaltsa custrathsa imma curadmir, LU 9133 (FB). bui sechran adbul ┐ buaidred ... accu ... imme-sin, PH 12. do gab ag tuirsi uime, ML² 293. ar bhfagail leoin ima righuibh, Lism. L. 3207.

(v) Of mercy: ba trocar im na hulib dóinib, PH 1662. déana truaighe umam, TSh. 4219.

IV In special constructions.

(a) Used idiomatically with the subst. vb.: tá ... imm is engaged in, concerned in, in doubt about: cid nombetha im etarceirt a messa im Dia `on what account shouldst thou be about disputing his judgment with God,' Wb. 4c24 . in ceist immá tú, LU 9208 (FB). cía thíastaís formna laech nErend uile is duitsiu dobérmaís remib aní imo mbethe, LU 8814 (FB). cotaispentar dó cach ní immbambí `everything about which he is engaged' Corm. 25 (s.v. imbas forosnai). baoi seom fechtus ann im aine `he was once engaged in fasting,' Ériu iv 120.12 . cid dochanus beith imme what avails it to be discussing it?, PH 5253. co fhoillsiged Dia doib in ní ima rabutar, 7189 .

(b) Used of person adversely affected by action (=dat. of disadvantage) more commonly expressed by ar: rebthair a étach immi, LU 8877 (FB). do lott a aithrige impe, Todd Lect. iii 66.3 . as mor domhillis umainn `you have spoilt much on us,' Ériu v 172.154 . intí romill immum in estrecht truagh `he that marred for me the poor pet,' Moling § 74. malartfaid do rígi ┐ do fhlaithus umat, PH 1390. co ro melachtnaigem ┐ co robuaidrem ┐ co rasgaoilem a dtengta impo, Auraic. 2431. conremesc (conromesc, v.l.) impu `he confused them,' 145 . coillsit tuatha D.D. ith ┐ blicht im maca Miled, D IV 2, 50rb31 . ro mharbh se mac maith umum `he slew a good son on me,' Caithr. CC 38 § 63 .

(c) In impers. const. with vbs. expressing violent uncontrolled action to indicate person affected by the action: nech lasnabi ciall ┐ immandaister gl. mentis incompotem, Ml. 50d2 . ro riastrad immi, LU 8397 (FB). día siabairther immi, 8810 (FB). do luath-lonnaigh im Conall triasa haithesgu sin, ZCP xiv 258.17 . Ercuil ... ro daisedh imbe, Stair Erc. 353.

(d) With vbs. in pass. impers. to express person affected by the action: ēgthir immum, Sc.M² § 10 (for other exx. of this const. see s.v. éigid RIA Dict. Fasc.II). ro gáiredh umpa, ML² 1677 . imdeargthar im Mhaol Mhuire, DDána 102 § 27.

V Used idiomatically with certain vbs., buailid ... imm meets: da mbúailtidhe impodh a ttermann Tighernaigh iad, Ériu v 74.23 . con-gaib ... imm keeps to, perseveres in: anni as a ttarabhairsi bladh ... congmaidh uime an gein mhairfidhe, RC xxix 112 § 8.

gaibid ... imm.

(i) puts on clothes , see supra I (f).

(ii) surrounds, troops around: cid immi gabtais Ulaid uile, TBC-LL¹ 120. coro gabsat immut uli, IT iii 498 § 10. gabsat im Dauid in slóg 'the multitude trooped round David' Ériu xx 120 § 3 .

(iii) seizes, attacks: in días do gabáil immón n-óenfer, LU 8206 (FB). roghab in cerd in liathroit ... táinic in fer rosbuail ina diaidh; rogab in cerd uimpi, ZCP iv 240.10 .

ligid ... imm lies with: nolaigdis dá ingin ... immi cach n-aidchi, Fél. 40.16 . in mál maith 'ma laigdis mná, 54.2 . luigid ... imm swears by: luicchim-se um na duilib, Ériu iv 50.2 . tócbaid ... imm (with or without inf. pron.) rises: rothógaibh Suibhne uimi lasodhain `thereupon S. arose,' BS 114 § 57 . rostógaibh-siumh uime rempa tar gach muine, 124 § 64. tairmescaid x imm y prevents or hinders y from doing x: do thoirméscad umat fógnum do Dia, PH 7718. nir thoirmisg Fer D. sin iompasan F.D. did not prevent them from that, ZCP x 291.22 . no tairmisccedh impo daesccur-sluag ... do marbadh `he forbade them to kill the rabble,' CCath. 5994. no co fileat ic tairmisc na sligeadh coitcindi umunn `they are forbidding us the common roads,' 1270 . gur thoirmesc Ercuil impu é, Stair Erc. 2017. do focair fir n-aignaid ocus screbtra impe `for the truth of nature and scripture forbids her,' Laws v 430.24 . gan a fhulang dot chomarsain no dot chompanach drúis do denum da fhétair a bascad immpu, PH 7451. do-beir bréic (or another word of similar meaning) imm deceives, deludes: na taibred cách uáib bréic imm alaile, Wb. 27b12 . dobertha bréc im nach meraige, LU 8806 (FB). cerbo mór trá a mmuinbech dorat im Loegaire dorat a da cutrummai im Conall Cernach, 8141 (FB). co tartaitis ceilc immon slóg, TBC-I¹ 1462. inní dobeir bré[i]c umpo `the thing which deludes them,' CCath. 1689. is imaind féin doberum bréicc and-sin we deceive ourselves, PH 7945. dorad-sen brēg impe `practised guile upon her,' RC xv 437 § 45. diberthor muinbech im Fergus occum-sa `F. shall be cajoled by me,' RC xxi 316 § 38. doberthar tra múin impu co fessamar ... `let a trick be played on them,' RC xiii 444 § 24.

1 inne

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 inne or dil.ie/28806
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: t-inne, innedha, indida, innidhe, innighe, innedh, n-indid

n , f. (but : in t-inne , Ir. Gl. 1013 ). (< prep. i, Celtica xv 18 ) In Mid. and Mod. Ir. d- endings also occur : n p. innedha, CCath. 4142. indida, Rosa Angl. 324.15 . a p. a innidhe , Exodus xxix 17. a innighe , 2 Samuel xx 10. g p. a n-innedh , Aisl. Tond. 104.24 . na n-indid , Irish Texts iii 49.x . See IGT Decl. § 180. ? Orig. meaning the inmost part of anything, the middle, the essence, the content:

I Figurative sense.

(a) quality, real value ; manner, kind, nature: alind á óiph in forcitil nemnech immurgu a i.¤ poisonous its quality (of the doctrine of Pelagius), Wb. 7c1 . is fo dobertar inna anman fonna inni fordingrat `it is in accordance with that the names are given (namely) in accordance with the qualities that they signify,' Ml. 37a14 . is i.¤ so inna ermiten `such is the honour' gl. qualem, 67c7 . i.¤ olc `the evil quality' gl. qualitas, 71b4 . eregem ind inni se `such a complaint,' 90c8 . torand folaid ┐ i.¤ `a signification of substance and quality,' Sg. 26b12 . i.¤ ind ḟebtad ł ind ḟolaid, 28a1 . do lanad ┐ ḟoilsiguth i.¤ indib gl. ad mani-festandam eorrum qualitatem, 28b18 . quantus .i. is heidméit ... qualis inna i.¤ so `qualis of this quality,' 30a14 . ní ed a mét foilsigther ind i.¤ robói hi pyrr not only is the quality which was in Pyrrhus demonstrated, 211a10 . Garb Glinni olc a ḟuáth is a inni, RC xiv 422.1 . in long d'ór is án i.¤ whose quality is splendid ?, LL 307b41 . meid ┐ inni ┐ inchosc `quantity, quality, and meaning,' Auraic. 673. bonus et malus is i in indi : magnus et minus is i in meid, 674 . a hi.¤ a cuit isin seoit from the true value of his share ... ?, Laws iii 360.12 Comm. tir ara ningealtar [log] .i. ferand ara r-gelladh log a hinde `land for which its real price was promised' (etym. gl. on ingeltar), v 430.5 and 15 Comm. in gell a hindi leth n-uinge `a pledge of the intrinsic value of half an ounce' (etym. gl. on ingille), 416.19 Comm. mided .i. meisemnaiged cach a hi.¤ in ni is coir do gabail isin rath let everyone judge from his own quality ? (or in his own mind ?). ii 254.28 Comm. tir a mbí i.¤ doimne, cuirrig ┐ seiscenn, O'Dav. 140. nach saobhthuir i.¤ an aeeóir `that the nature of the air be not perverted,' Studies 1921, 74 § 4 . ? fer brón fort íer techta inde (glossed : .i. more) lámnado, LU 10887 (rhetoric, = ... ier techta in delmnad, Ériu xii 182 § 12 ). a hinne used adverbially properly, naturally, by reason of or according to its nature or quality: cell con-a hincrod .i. cell cusin crod bis innte a hi.¤ , Laws v 222.14 Comm. co na nindteach .i. cusaní is toich no is duthaig bis orro a hinde, iv 152.13 Comm. ise ní ro meisemnaiged a hinde doib `the thing that was estimated originally for them,' 34.21 Comm.

Used absolutely as adv. of manner (see GOI § 876 ) : i.¤ ropridched dúib `as has been preached to you,' Wb. 25a40 . inni rombatar riam hí tempul such as they were before gl. talia, Ml. 62b2 . cia inni soas `how he turns' gl. qualiter auersatur, 123d8 .

(b) meaning, sense, signification: ara tucca cách a canas condib réil less ind i.¤ bess and, Wb. 27b27 . ce torbe dúibsi in fogur sin mani fessid inni bess fon fogursin `the sense which is under that sound,' 12d5 . issí i.¤ fil is indi as fluit, consumitur, Ml. 83b1 . is inunn chiall is indi as scit ┐ as nóuit is in dib desmrechtaibso .i. procurat issí i.¤ fil hi cechtar de, 114b1 . ind i.¤ bís indib riam gl. significatio, Sg. 4b4 . huare nád forcmat inn inni saindilis inna ndelb the special meaning of the forms, 50a6 . is follus inna n-inni som i.¤ inna n-anmmann húataat, 59a11 . brath inn[e] cach brethi, Laws i 22.5 Comm. bunad ocus inde ocus airbert ... don focul origin, meaning and use ..., 30.y Comm. a inde .i. a indaithmech its meaning i.e. its analysis, Lec. Gl. 169. dorrime S. ... inni n-ali nand .i. beatus quasi vivatus `S. gives another sense,' Hib. Min. 434. tucad in t-ainm iarsin n-inde thoirnes for in sollamain-si according to the meaning it denotes ?, PH 6934. seachta ... seacht n-ae a hinni `heptad ... seven sciences is the meaning of it,' Auraic. 742.

II Concrete sense.

(a) middle, centre, inmost part (very freq. in etym. glosses) : inde a hinde .i. as a lár, O'Don. Suppl. (< H 3. 18 ). inchind .i. i n-inde cind bīs, Corm. Y 760. inchind .i. indi in chind, O'Mulc. 732. innéoin .i. inne an eana .i. meadhón an uisge, O'Cl. ni diubair indraic inlobra .i. ... innraic bis a n-inde labra in the middle of illness, O'Curry 2469 (< Eg. 88, fo. 38 (39)a ). in ni bis a nind (leg. ninde) a treibe (gl. on intreb furniture), Laws ii 358.10 Comm. no lin[a]d indara lestar a hur in tsrotha, araile asa medon, RC xxv 35.25 , to `medon' corresponds hinde in tsrotha, 30 . iad i n-i.¤ aigianta eisinnill an áruis ... sin in the deep insecure centre, TSh. 6690. cuiridh an teas a teitead a n-i.¤ na talman astech `into the interior of the earth,' ITS xiv 38.11 . secht n-indsguithe .i. atait secht scuiche a hinde `there are seven internal departures,' Laws v 296.21 Comm.

? To this the following exx. : duine ro gaid set ┐ roe no (leg. ro elo) amach-asin crích ... ní légur a hi.¤ in ferainn é go foircenn na riaghla, O'D. 696 (< H 3.17, c. 509 ). ingraide tire .i. ingraid a hindi ... ina thir transltd. `grazing on a farm i.e. they graze the top (of the grass) in the land,' Laws iv 48.18 Comm. co dílinn do ladh a hindibh aeoir `from the inside of the air,' Leb. Gab.(i) 92 n. 6 . a sil a innibh an aieoir, DDána 110 § 48. failet ann linni lethna | ailli a n-inni a noebtrethna, SR 494. inngas .i. inde an gai na chuais the inner part of the spear in its socket ?, O'Mulc. 769. cāin inbir .i. ... riaghail inneich bis in inde bera na corad, Laws iv 212.12 Comm.

(b) mind, heart: ni ḟuil th'aídh na th'i.¤ hi ccradh `thy care and thy thoughts are not on wealth,' Cog. 64.29 . ca rūn atā fat i.¤ ?, ZCP xiii 170.16 . as mairg dobheir taobh re mnáibh ... cidh bed bhes ina n-i.¤ `whatever be in their minds,' BS 112.7 . amail aimsiges int aintcrist indi cāich, ZCP xii 368.18 . mar bhíos Críost san ghille ghlan | gan díosc na i.¤ iodhan in his pure heart, Arch. Hib. i 99 xvii .

(c) Usually in pl., the bowels, entrails, intestines: talias gl. na hinneda `the bowels,' Gild. Lor. 93. erga mea viscera gl. illeth rem indib, ib. 148 . cum medullis gl. cusna hindib, 227 . isnaib innib `in the inward parts' gl. in osibus, Ml. 28a7 . int i.¤ iachtarach gl. líén `the lower gut ,' Ir. Gl. 1013. in mil bis i ninde uithir the beast which is in the bowel of the sick man, Laws ii 12.22 . ris in ngen inasas a hi.¤ in athar, in ingean, 346.4 Comm. ina sinib no na indib, transltd. `in her udder' (of a cow), iii 228.10 Comm. comba leir a i.¤ et a inathar tar a bhél, TBC-LL¹ p. 373 n. 1 . contarlaic a mbúi do innib ina medón corrabi for fortchi in charpait, LL 121a2 . coná raibhe acht a cris ... catha ic congbail a i.¤ ocus a inathair ar n-íchtar, MR 300.5 . ro-m-piantar tria m'índib, PH 802. ni testa fuirri innedha na linche the entrails of lynxes (of a witch), CCath. 4142 . nighfe tú a innidhe thou shall wash its entrails, Exodus xxix 17. indida na n-ainmindti, Rosa Angl. 324.15 . sa gaile no isna hindib, RC xlix 14.11 . gur marbh flux inneadh drong dibh `that a flux of the bowels slew some of them,' ITS xix 112.23 . eslainti in gaili ... ┐ eslainti na n-indid mar ata gaothmuirecht ┐ colica, Irish Texts iii 49.x . an té thiocfus amach as t'innibh féin bhus oighre ort, Gen. xv 4. m'i.¤ ro shúig `my vitals he sucked' (a mother of her child), Todd Lect. vi 82.11 . in tan ro-genair ... on óig cen eroslucad n-i.¤ without opening of the womb, PH 6752. i n-innibh ar mbancéile i n-ám tuismedha, CCath. 647. Fig.: cuiridh iomuibh ... innighe trocaire the bowels of mercy, Coloss. iii 12.

By an extension of meaning, dung: indebar .i. áilech, ut est tech i mbí indebar .i. tech i mbí inde in buair .i. tech salach semdellach, O'Dav. 1127 = Laws v 166.18 Comm.

la

Cite this: eDIL s.v. la or dil.ie/29233
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: le, le, lé, lasin, lasa, laisin, lesin, lasna, laisna, leisna, lemm, lem, leim, limm, lim, lium, liúm, lat, latt, let, letha, leiss, leissem, leissom, less, lessom, lessem, les, lesom, lesem, laiss, laissem, lais, laisem, lais, laisseom, lasim, leis, leiside, lee, l, laee, lǽ, lea, léi-se, lenn, leinn, linn, línn, linni, linnai, liun, liunn, lenne, lib, leu, léu, leo, leö, liom, leam, leat, lat, leis, lais, leis, lé, linn, leinn, leann, libh, leibh, le, liu, lelele, li, lam, lam, láad, lat, lad, lea, lia, l, liar, lasmbi, lastorchair, la, leis

prep. with accus. See GOI § 845 , Fraser, ZCP viii 46 ff . Occasionally with d p. of 1 suide: la suidib, Sg., 4a9 , Wb. 6b17 . 8a12 . 9c2 . 17d11 (but a p. la suidiu, 8a11 . 9b17 ). In IGT listed among the nine unaccented particles which do not cause inflection of masculine nouns ( IGT Introd. § 75 ). See also Magauran 4227 n. For the form in immaille(i) ille(i) see GOI § 44 , § 841 .

FORMS. With follg. noun: le, Cambr. ( Thes. ii 247.22 ). la, O. Ir. glosses and SR pass., also in early Middle Irish MS. texts, and concurrently with le, lé in later ones (le (sic MS.), AU 1085 ). For exx. see citations below. Doubling of follg. m, n, occurs sporadically in the O. Ir. glosses: la mmaccu, Wb. 19c15 . Ml. 49a20 . la mméit, 95d13 . 91c19 . la mmarbu, Wb. 25b22 . la nnech, Ml. 42c13 ; cf. also la gglais, Ardm. 17a ( Thes. ii 238.12 ). In later MSS. h is prefixed to a following stressed vowel. In later lang. also leis before certain proclitics: leis gach fear, TD 9.101 . leis gach neach, DDána 100.1 .

With article: s. lasin, etc. lasin conair, Ml. 45c9 . lasin sruth, Dinds. 52. lasa (n.), LU 10652. laisin, ZCP viii 107.3 . lesin, TBC-LL¹ 2374 , PH 7339. In later lang. leis an ( Dán Dé xviii 10 ). pl. lasna, Sg. 28a18 . Hib. Min. 3.75 . LU 8202. laisna. Ériu iii 140.184 . leisna, BNnÉ 70 § 116 , ZCP v 495.z .

With suff. pron. 1. s. lemm, Wb. 1b10 . 2c27 . 4b17 . 7a3 . lem, 5b31 . 14d16 . leim, Sg. 209b30 . limm, Wb. 19b7 , 23a18 , 23 . 23b34 . 24a27 . Sg. 188a19 . SR 1595. 3353 . lim, Wb. 7d3 . 8a3 , 8c17 . 23a27 . Ml. 55a4 . SR 1201 , 3361 . lium, Wb. 18a1 . Ml. 45c7 . 46c18 . 87b17 . 96a10 . 105b7 . 117d4 . 127c13 . liúm, 106b6 . 2 s. lat pass. in O. Ir. glosses: Wb. 10a10 . 16b11 . 29d18 , etc. Ml. 65a2 . 73a10 , 111a5 , etc. Sg. 215b5 . SR 1757. 2443 . latt, Bvi 74. let, SR 1593. 3 s. m. and n. Archaic (m.) letha, ZCP xx 401.8 ( GOI § 433 ) leiss, Wb. 6b8 , 16 . 14a22 . Sg. 29b12 , 13 , 19 . 61a16 . 93b8 . leissem, Sg. 10a11 . 28a18 . BCr. 32a5 , 32b6 . leissom, Wb. 33a2 . less, Wb. 6b21 , 26a8 . Ml. 35d24 . 71c12 . 129a9 . lessom, Wb. 10a14 , 24a17 . Ml. 47d2 , 131c14 , 132c6 . lessem, Sg. 77b6 . les, Wb. 10a2 , 32c2 . Ml. 18b1 , 34c17 , 55c1 . lesom, Ml. 18c6 , 23b12 , 53a1 , etc. lesem, Ml. 50b10 . laiss, Wb. 24b27 . SR 5791. laissem, Sg. 149b4 . lais, Sg. 153b7 . laisem, 158b6 . lais, SR 639 , 1631 , 2185 , 2591 , 2799 , 4969 . laisseom, LU 1425. lasim, Mon. Tall. 138.15 . leis, Sg. 111a3 , 202a7 . SR 637 , 2791 , 4971 (: geis), 630 . leiside, LU 1418. 3 s. f. lee, Sg. 167a4 . LU 3882. l, Laws ii 372.5 . laee, Wb. 14a37 . lǽ, 24d11 . lea, SR 3016. léi-se (: éise), Dán Dé ii 24 . 1 pl. lenn, Wb. 4a27 . SR 1615. leinn, GOI § 433. linn, Wb. 13b9 , 18a16 , etc. Ml. 30a2 , 5 . Sg. 198a6 , 207b11 . línn, Wb. 25a27 . linni, 4c23 . Ml. 26b6 , 10 . 30c3 . Sg. 149b7 , 160b2 , 207b9 , etc. linnai, Ml. 92c5 , 120b2 . liun, Ml. 89d6 . liunn, 112b13 . lenne, LU 1387. 2 pl. lib, Wb. 5a13 , 5d33 , 7d3 , 26a9 , etc. Ml. 115b10 . 3 pl. leu, Wb. 1d15 , 5d20 , 26d22 , etc. Ml. 3a6 , 14 . 33c13 , 35c23 , 43d1 , 102c8 , 139c3 , etc. léu, Wb. 30c11 . leo, 7d10 . Sg. 148b9 . 147a10 , 203a4 , etc. leö (disyll.), Blathm. 102 § 41. Archaic(?) lethu, Thes. ii 241.4 , Hy. ii 17 (see notes). Otia ii 86.8 ( GOI 52.3 ). For classical verse the forms given in the tracts are: liom leam leat lat leis lais (m.) leis (n.) lé linn leinn leann (lionn `lochdach') libh leibh le, 24 P 8, 194 (see also 190 , 218 ) = Bard. Synt. Tr. 7 ; cf. lionn: cionn, O'R. Poems 308. liu, Luc. Fid. 3212 .

With aile: lelele, Wb. 16c24 . li alaile, GOI § 845.

With possessives. 1 s. lam menmuin, Wb. 3d13 . lam' rig, SR 336. 627 . 2 s. láad muindtir, Mon. Tall. § 6 . lat tarb, LL 7644 . lad gráin, BDD² 1500 . 3 s. and pl. lea, Thurn. Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 37 § 5 . lia muntir (3 s. m.), Thes. ii 249.9 . lía mathair, SR 2828 . lia n-athir, Ml. 127b2 . lea hanāil, LU 10599 . le a, Ériu ix 164 § 17. l, Content. ii 15 . le athair, DDána 65.31 . lá olc, LU 1390 . la náimtiu (3 pl.), LL 260b33 (Lg.). lea fuaire . . . lena thes, Maund. 136 . lena choin, Feis Tighe Chonáin 757. So also TSh. 1 pl. lar tir, Ériu iii 136.44 . liar, GOI § 845.

With rel. In O. Ir. las(a) n-: lassa ndenatar, Ml. 84a11 . lasa ndernad, Thes. ii 289.5 . lasa mbiat, Ml. 75b2 . lasmbi, 24a19 . lastorchair, ZCP viii 302.20 . lasra chētgabtha, 303.1 . Later forms: le ndingnad, PH 7526 . le ffaicfe, BNnÉ 74 § 133 . lea ttuitionn, Párl. na mB. 1207 . le gcurthaoi, Ériu i 101.7 . le a ndamnuighthear, Luc. Fid. 2989 . le ar chuireas, ML 110.4 . lé 'r-buail, PH 7653 . lé n-ar chuiris, Párl. na mB. 907 . Note also: leis a mbí, Bard. Synt. Tr. 4. lé n-a n-oiltior, Párl. na mB. 917 . With copula: O. Ir. la sin(n), Ml. 53c16 , 129b3 , 131d11 . Later: an fear lena holc ┐ lenab olc ┐ len holc . . . an fear le nach olc ┐ leis nach olc, Bard. Synt. Tr. 25 ( leis nach beag, DDána 37.4 ). learbh annsa, Feis Tighe Chonáin 762 . na fir len leis an fearann, Bard. Synt. Tr. 26. (cryptic) loiscia .i. liath (? = lia 'with his' etc.) Goid. § 163 (Dúil Laithne) , ZCP xlix-l 612 . losca (? MS. losco) .i. leo 'with them' Goid. § 181 , ZCP xlix-l 612 .

In a number of idioms used concurrently with FRI, which it to a large extent replaces in the modern language.

MEANINGS.

I Denoting spatial proximity

(a) beside, by, touching : dollécet a láma la tóeb fochetóir, LU 8212 ( FB 16 ). amal roboí . . . laa and la toíb ind locha, LL 14439 ( Ériu v 208 ). snidig banna la taeb na columa medonchi in cech aimser, PH 6356 . trí chéad each le gcurthaoi srian, Ériu i 101.7 ( co n-allaib óir friu, LL 13246 ). a uille do leicen leiss to rest his elbow upon it, Fl. Earls 216.26 . gur léig a leathcheann lé a leathbhrollach, PCT 557 ( Gadelica 127 ). dia mbúi fecht lasan muir amuich go bfacuidh an días Erionnach dia ḟios, Ériu iv 63.26 (here the pseudo-archaic `lasan' may be a scribal affectation). ar bhfaicsin déar le a gruaidh, DDána 69.11 . Cf. beith le remonstrating with: dob é rún Ríogh . . . , beith léise ar lot na habhla, DDána 5.25 . Cf. FRI I (b).

(b) along by (see also I (d) below): flesc for dib ṅgablaib lasin conair immetiagat do erissem dia lethlaim furi a railing along the way they go on which to rest a hand, Ml. 45c9 . a sescunn da cor la descert léni la fur conrici hucht noi nomne `from the Moor of two Hillocks by the south of the meadow, by Fur as far as the Nine-Trees Hill', Thes. ii 238 ( Ardm. 17a ). ótha crích drommo nit cu glais tamlachtae dublocha la gglais cu grenlaich fote `from the border of Druim Nit to the stream of T.D. by the stream to G.F.' ib. le hairer nÉrenn, BDD² 253.

(c) along with, in the same direction as; in motion with: luid leo fades, Thes. ii 240.18 ( Ardm. 18a ). luid espscop fith leo for longis, ib. do thuidecht lat illei, Wb. 30b17 . ar tuidecht leu do brith macc nIsrahel i ndoiri for coming with them to carry the children of Israel into captivity, Ml. 113c8 . in gilla do thecht . . . / le . . . istech talman, SR 3196 . is amlaid tánic A. ┐ a tri meic les, LU 17. do hindled a carput forsna heocha ┐ nusfaīdhe pātric cen duine leo cu feótur ina dísirt la Mochtae, ZCP viii 106.24 . tairsiu féin lat tarb, LL 7646 ( TBC-LL¹ 106 ). ní regat lend they shall not go with us, LU 4632 . ticfaitis fosta fer Fernmaige leiss, TBC-LL¹ 833 . tánic ┐ cóeca ingen lee connici in comdáil, LU 3882 ( SCC 39 ). tanic . . . co n-epscopu ┐ braithri imda lais, PH 1587 ; cf. a taidchrec co sommataid ┐ setaib leu, Ml. 123c10 . do ruacht fer . . . sin tech ┐ fer fo lind leis, LL 7672 ( TBC-LL¹ 135 ). dochóid F. lasin n-athesc sin F. went with that reply, LU 8099 . is é seo mo chétḟechtsa latsu bud é mo ḟecht dedenach, LL 8599 ( TBC-LL¹ 1207 ).

(d) following the course of, secundum (flumen): lotar lasin sruth gó a bunad, Dinds. 52 ( BB 377a41 ). o indill Laeg in gae Aife / lesin t-ṡruth, TBC-LL¹ 2373 . is ann luidhes lasin mBoind sair, ZCP i 464.24 . rosnaid Osine in snaschur ┐ focheird e la sruth na tiprat co hAth na Feile, Dinds. 52 = BB 377a38 . ba sed comarc boi eturra, tomlacht na mbo do lecun lasin sruth, cor'bo find in glaisi in a ndocum, Dinds. 53 ( BB 378a38 ) = ra doírt . . . blegon . . . lasin ṅglassi, LL 169b53 . (cf. Ériu ii 22 , Keat. ii 226 . lasin sruth is represented in the first by: iarsan abaind, in the second by: ris an sruth, see FRI II).

(e) with, in the company of: conrobith i n-indocbáil la Crist `so that ye be in glory with Christ', Wb. 26a28 . attrab la Dia `to dwell with God', Ml. 92a9 . ciatasode lat ar écin `though thou keep her with thee perforce', Wb. 10a10 . nepproinde la geinti `of not dining with Gentiles', 19a10 . bes nobed nech aile leis ocind airchellad, Sg. 202a7 . bíad ind nim láad muindtirsiu `they shall be in heaven along with thy monks', Mon. Tall. 6 = fa re do mhuinntire si, Rule of Tallaght 40 . dubbert Pátricc cumtach du Fíacc . . . ┐ fácab morfeser lais dia muintir, Thes. ii 241.17 ( Ardm. 18a ). ainfa lib `I will tarry with you', Wb. 14a8 . corran célide libsi, 7a17 . congab iar suidiu i nDomnuch Féicc et baí and contorchartar tri fichit fer dia muintir lais and `after this he set up in D.D., and abode there until three score men of his community had fallen there beside him', Thes. ii 242.2 ( Ardm. 18a ). conna hacced nech leo hí that no one might see her with them, LL 260b13 ( LMU 11 ). In sense of alone . dob annamh thusa leat féin thou wert seldom alone, KMMisc. 346.8 . (see further Éigse viii 101 ). focal leis féin a word in its own right, a self-contained word (distinguished from a mere prefix such as comh- deagh-, etc.), IGT Introd. § 100 . See Celtica i 390 . In special sense: ni legend rollegusa la Petor `it is not a reading which I have read with Peter', Wb. 19a6 (cf. V (e) below). mosaithin aicce í / do lēigenn lē entrusted her to her to study with her, ACL iii 308 vi 9 .

(f) with , of mental relations and abstract qualities or notions; in some exx. assistance is implied: ls leu dorignius chomgnimu studivi innocentibus coniungi, Ml. 47a20 . socii .i. fodaimet immalle lium ón ┐ con dogailsegetar lium immalle dano `who endure along with me, and who also are sorrowful along with me', Ml. 87b17 . dia feidliged ires foirbthe leu, 136d2 . frithbruduth ointad la fírianu `refusal of oneness with the righteous', 76c4 . contísed P. do thoorund a luic lais, Thes. ii 242.7 ( Ardm. 18b ). gorb'é bés bfer nErenn beith leisan tí budh treisi to side with him who was strongest, Expugn. Hib. 74 . do thabhairt a lla baige leou, Ann. Conn. 52.12 . níl aoinfer ar in sgelsa leis, Rel. Celt. ii 293.28 . guidhim sibhsi fa beith lium uma cend I pray you to aid me concerning it, Fier. 96 . guidim sib fa cend beth lium im cach ní I beg you to side with me, 122 . With ellipse of verb: guidhim liom . . . / an chéad míle mairtíreach, Dán Dé xxv 62 . gā tarbha an béal do bheith lais / san inntinn ina éagmhais, xxii 20 . an lucht do-beir iad féin do shainnt an tsaoghail . . . óir saoilid go mairfeadh sin leó do shíor, TSh. 220. feib atré in mac bec atresat a gníma oclachais leis, TBC-LL¹ 985 . teid in ingen co n-ēgaīne moir lé dochum a hathar, RC vi 174.16 . scela lat hast thou news ? LU 7987 ( BDD 166 ). ZCP xiii 177.15 . dochóid F. lasin n-athesc sin F. went with that reply, LU 8099 ( FB 7 ). an teachtaire tig le haitheasgaib Dé, Dán Dé xiv 26 . an toisg lér chuirios iad the errand on which I sent them, ML 110.4 . abradh fris conā tardad gráin na hirfuath leis ina dochum, ACL iii 5.8 . cona gabur . . . e can fir De lais, Laws iv 294.20 . dá gcaitheam thú leis an toil if I consume Thee with (sinful) desire in my heart, Dán Dé xviii 10 . Also in spite of: ní léigfiom úainn . . . / le a bheirt . . . nglanmháilligh . . . / an sduaigh I will not let the chieftain go, for all his suit of polished mail, Ériu ix 164 § 17 .

(g) with, in custody of, at the disposal of; carried or worn by: fodord doib di dommatu ┐ dufuairthed ní leu forasaith din main, Ml. 97d10 . fáccab Áed aidacht la Conchad, Thes. ii 242.20 ( Ardm. 18b ). admuiniur in slánicid foracab dian cecht lia muintir, Thes. ii 249.9 . co lóg leu á fognama hiro-batar di mainib inna n-egiptacdae, Ml. 84c12 . mar aes mbraith . . . / cen scribenn lib, SR 3479 . gaisced lasin n-íngin, LU 4522 . claidib gelduirn léo, TBC-LL¹ 175 . is leis . . . frith escra na E., SR 3592 . ra leiced Fer loga . . . siar dia bliadna ┐ da gabair Conchobair leis, LL 13246 ( Sc.M² 20 ). doriacht Niall immach ┐ in indeoin cona cip lais, RC xxiv 194.6 . rofhóid . . . a gilla, ┐ a bréit allais lais, airm a mbói, PH 2193 . is amlaid tancatar, co slogu mora ┐ co n-ascadaib examla leo, LB 198b27 ( PH 6972 ). co n-imat piast . . . co mellaib dergaib umaide leo ina lámaib, PH 8312 . ni dlegait lōn leo for sét / . . . acht an ccéin rabhaitt amuigh / rī Érenn da bhfriothāilimh, ZCP viii 116 § 12. Common in this sense with beirid and do-beir (q.v.): an rí chondaigi hi foss / manimbera latt ní fogbai, Thes. ii 296 . iarsindí dunnucsat i ndoiri leu `after they had brought us into captivity with them', Ml. 92d1 . manimbera su latt if thou dost not carry me off, LL 260a43 ( LMU 9 ). do bert a chend ┐ a fodb lais, LU 5144. co ructáis a chend leo, TBC-LL¹ 1433.

(h) along with, and, in addition to, as well as: la cach cuimliucht ol chenae gl. hoc reliquis quoque commodis iungetur, Ml. 112c9 . ni lour in degforcitlaid maní be indithem leir . . . lasin `withal', 53c18 . tórmaig la cach maith dubir dúnni ar ṅglanad hua . . . chomroircnib gl. adde ad augmentum benignitatis tuae ut ab errore nos convertas, 105d4 . la sassad inna n-anmandae gl. et quod est amplius post expletionem . . . animantium, 129d16 . is airi nistabur la k ┐ q gl. h . . . aspirationis est magis nota, Sg. 4b13 . lasin ngutai inna degaid, 7b6 . co ndechatar [int sailm] mudhaigh hi tempal lasind canoin ol chena, Hib. Min. 7.210 (`they were lost in the Temple with the rest of the Canon', Strachan, RC xxviii 203 ). int[ṡ]ailim lasna noibscribhinna atarimim `I reckon the Psalms with the Sacred writings', Hib. Min. 3.75 . ataruirmiset la gerind `they have reckoned them (i.e. participles) with the gerund', Sg. 188a1 . biit remsuidigthi uaraib cen briathra leo, 215a6 (cf. friu in similar sense, 5). sens magis ┐ posit leiss `the sense of magis and with it the positive', 39a29 . atá dechor n-aimsire hi suidib la cumscugud coibedne, gl. etiam in prima persona habent differentias temporum, 146b15 . da cet mile . . . / la tri cethair cethrachat, SR 116 . tricha lathi . . . / la dech n-úara ┐ lethuar, 225 . immon Michil lasin crosfigill so, immon Muiri lasind crosfigell n-aile, Mon. Tall. 28 . masui dina[i]p Psalmaibh [in tituil] cid arna gabtair leu ? Minip dinaib psalmaib, cid ar[a]scriphthair leu?, Hib. Min. 7.230 . gaibti seom tra teora biadi ┐ magnificat la cach naí, Mon. Tall. 5 . ronbiat da tír lar tír we shall have two countries in addition to our own, Ériu iii 136.44 . bennacht fort . . . la céol nimhe deit dara éisi, BNnÉ 92 § 202 . co ndechaid [in rí] docum ithfrinn . . . la dilsi a thire do Senán ó sin amach, Lism. L. 2328 . condasloic . . . lasa loim gabais asind lestur swallowed her along with the draught, LU 10652 . atat sin sin duma . . . / iii. meic ríg . . . / la tri ingena, 2866 . See also s.v. taeb (la, fri, t.). In leiss (etc.) also; either : ind indocbál doratad do Crist condartar dúnni less gl. coheredes autem Christi, si tamen compatimus ut et simul glorificemur Wb. 4a18 is possibly an early ex. of this (cf. ZCP xvii 223 ). sine é sin ná tusa ┐ na mise leis, Celt. Rev. ix 142.25 (text and MS. late). rachaidh leis féin ar foghuil / raghaidh leis le féin bhFuinidh will go also, Bard. Synt. Tr. 8.10 . lais in this meaning forbidden, ibid. ? ré bliadhna ┐ beagán lais, TD 15.10 .

(i) with, assisting, on behalf of: ar debaid . . . leis fri Senach, LU 3342 ( SCC 13 ). dena ernuighthi leamsa curab reidh dham dhul, Lism. L. 1560 (= ora pro me, Lat. Lives 82 ). ro ghabh B. pater leis, Lism. L. 1566 (= orante B. pro eo, Lat. Lives 82 ).

II Of temporal relations.

(a) Marking point of time, coincidence of occurrence or action. Of point of time: is gnád bróen . . . oca turcbáil ┐ lia fuined, BCr. 18c2 . dognisom ind figild la matain `he performs the vigil at matins', Mon. Tall. 30 (= ar maidin, Rule of Tallaght 96a ). la turcbáil ṅgréne at dawn, TBC-LL¹ 634 . la fuinead ṅgréne, Ériu iv 138.24 . PH 5108. la fescor, PH 1699 . ro imthig reme la doshoillsi na maitne, Grail 1324 . ni tigdis acht le deghdil (= dedail) laoi nó le tosach seachdmuine, ZCP x 291.16 . Cf. la linn (3 linn). Of actions: cóichet na heichsi a gilli for se la fegad co andíaraid fair, LU 8522 ( FB 38 ). la fuirmed in mátan fair, LU 8545 ( FB 40 ). gairfitit . . . le guth a Dūileman (sic leg.), ZCP viii 212.22 . adbered-seom iarum la déicsiu in chuaich . . ., Ériu i 46.11 . tinoilis T. a muintir . . . fo cetoir la hairiugud Cesair cuige, CCath. 3735 . forba ┐ crich do dul for in forbunn rechtaide la tuidecht soscela, PH 3450 . rogab . . . imecla Sir Persaual la faicsin inn eich, Grail 1974 . Freq. in la sin and esp. la sodain with that, immediately, thereupon : dofeccai secha a gabuir . . . lasin donic in gabuir chuci, LL 14155 ( RC iii 184 ). See 1 sin. colláa th'ais tra ol sesem . . . La sodoin fochedoir slechtais C., Mon. Tall. 7 . la sodain téit úad, LU 6100 . ni thó or seiseom. La sodain focheird bedg cuce, LL 260a41 ( LMU 9 ). See 1 suide. Note also: cani du pater fothrí lase thereat, Thes. ii 249.3 . leis sin thereupon, TSh. 364.

(b) This sense sometimes merges into that of III (a); cucut . . . thánac do nim / la forngairi De, SR 1696 . luid for muir . . . lá forcongra Pátraic, Trip.² 2633 . do choid ass . . . in draicc iar sin la brethir in apstail, PH 2505 (cf. soithis A. fri brēithir a mathar, Cáin Ad. 8 . issí . . . rotathbēogadh . . . fri brathair nA., 10 ). rofacsat i n-aenla i la clois[t]eacht Cesair amain `merely on hearing of C.', CCath. 815 . ro eirigh an ben iar sin lé haithne Maodócc `at the command of M.', BNnÉ 218.28 . attracht in duine . . . la cloisteacht in sceōil `on hearing the story', Fl. Earls 194.1 . Cf. VI (b).

(c) during : dogéna sibh an caiscc si mara ndernabhair hí leisna secht mbliadnaibh ele si, BNnÉ 70 § 116 . ni lamar la graifne in gáid / élud, aithne, athgabáil, Metr. Dinds. iii 18.223 . lé ló in his time Content. ii 15 (cf. réd lá, xxiii 4 . rem lá, ACL iii 304.20 ). le haimsir, Párl. na mB. 17 . This use seems confined to later texts and is probably derived from FRI IX (b) q.v.

III

(a) on account of, because of, by reason of (see also II (b) last para., and FRI IV (b)): ní aicci ní lia mescai `he sees nothing for his drunkenness', Ml. 94c3 . gabail mo gotha dim la mméit inna nimned forodamar, Ml. 95d13 . ingnad lesom cutuim doib lammeit inna soinmige hirobatar, Ml. 91c19 . co mbo nem tened indala leth dind rígthig lasna claidbiu ┐ la fáebra na ngái, LU 8202 ( FB 15 ). lasin siabrad ro síabrad immi, LU 9143 ( FB 88 ). ce do faidsad snathat for lar . . . rocluinfide lasin tuí imbítis, LL 12557 ( Ériu iv 30 ). co mboi C. oc sirchuí lásin ngolltraighes, RC vi 183.16 . ba failid lais labra fris la somillsi a indsci, Grail 2187 . gu ro facsat sruithi . . . a n-istuda . . . la homun Cesair, CCath. 772 . ba huathad ro ela dib la f[a]ebra ┐ tennti ┐ biasta what with blades and fires and wild animals, few of them escaped, PH 6326 . le [a] mhéd rachas da ríodhún / a n-íobha slógh mear Mumhan / budh hól gan fear n-ealudhan, Ériu v 54.30 . Cf. II (b). ar ecla Chuind ┐ la hecla rīg Ulad, ZCP viii 274.25 . techit la crith ┐ omon Meic C., LU 7237 `with trembling and terror of Mac C. they flee', BDD 90 . tobur nach etir le duine . . . d'ol lea ḟuaire a ló ┐ lena thes a n-oidhchi, Maund. 136 . ní caomhnactar a feughadh . . . leis na ruithnibh diághadha, ZCP v 495.z . le na fad liumsa co faca tusa anocht, docuadhus . . . gut' iaraid, ZCP vi 66.21 . ni cumgat ni la Mac nDe, Anecd. iii 55.27 . nir ḟētsat in tech d'fāgbāil la daingne an iadhtha bái fair, Irish Texts i 42.10 . níorbh iongnadh le méad a sluaig ar ngéill do Chian it was no wonder we submitted to C., considering the size of his army, Ériu i 93.18 . tic la egsamlacht an inaid . . . examlacht an blassa (o, a, v.l.), Ir. Astr. Tr. 40.11 .

(b) In the following exx. the notions of purpose and instrument are more prominent; through the agency of, by means of: in tan scaras fria thola leo `when by means of them he separates from his desires', Thes. ii 247.7 (Cambr. Hom.). am dechaid a trian sin la bruith `when that third had boiled away', Mon. Tall. 52 . dolduid bannan bec bec as lasind fascad fottai `by reason of the long squeezing', 61 . rogabtha a cossae cona dernae figild rée mor ria necaib lasind forcrid dorigni dia naild, 34 (= ar an iomarcaigh dorighne se cheana, Rule of Tallaght 103 ). Cf. nombeir fort muin connesbiur dich latt take me on thy back that I may get (lit. drink) a drink with (by means of?) thee, RC x 214.z . gach paiter dar gabus riam lesin mbelsin, PH 7339 . is í so in t-ochtmad plág lér buail Dia Faró, 7653 . gach ní at-chluinim leis an gcluais, Dán Dé ix 6 . in spreid la ndíngned nech a bethugud, PH 7526 . clann do dhénuimh . . . dhi / le féghuin an éoin eile, IGT Decl. ex. 496 (= ar fēgad, ACL iii 238 ). rostad a n-éisg doníd ar chlochaib leisan grēin, Maund. 49 . maothuighthear í . . . le fothrogadh fola do thabhairt dí, Mac Aingil 306 . dogheba sibh . . . soinean maith le ffaicfe sibh an t-oilén so, BNnÉ 74.9 . geas do bhí ar an sleigh sin . . . gan bainéacht do dhéanamh lé, Keat. ii 4390 . an t-urchar . . . ler thuit morbhar G., Rel. Celt. ii 194.13 . ag gáire le guth mór, Dán Dé xxix 5 (cf. ro nuall o guth mor, PH 2898 = do éigh do ghuth ard, Matthew xxvii 46 ). Of persons: dochotar martra la heachtrandu, YBL 12a28 . ata Muma lais i ssíd through him M. is at peace, LL 19073 . tairthe na bhfeadh leat do lúb, L. Cl. A. B. 234.6 . Cf. II (b).

(c) Of accompanying circumstance or condition; contemporary action: nach comai[r]le . . . dognither la fortach[t] Dae is bithsuthin adae, Ml. 51b28 . ar bá fio factus sum dogéni prius; suffio sufiui immurgu la cumscugud n-inne, Sg. 185b4 . ní choímnacair a fogbail lá doirchi na aidchi, Trip.² 1446 (126) . focheird deit chubus . . . la slemni `send him away from thy confession gently', Mon. Tall. 2 . a mesrugud do neuch tra buddesin la eolus ind fita, 63 . ni aurcail dano laisiom do neoch cid chodala a lórtid acht rop la forcomet na trade colleir `provided that he diligently observe the hours', 82 . praind do tomailt la marb hi tig to eat a meal whilst in a house where there is a dead man, 65 . dá ndeach le bás mbeannaighthe, Studies 1918, 282 § 16 . isin rainn is nesam do dochuaidh la cundtabairt he goes (lit. has gone) to the next division to it by reason of the doubt, Laws iv 192.7. Comm . do-chúaidh an gort san choll go ndearna an tsoil .g. aris de la a bheith bog na choll chumuisg (i.e. g + c = cc but s + cc = sg), IGT Introd. § 30 . gan duine . . . do dol faoi . . . acht le custam do dhīol, Fl. Earls 90.4 . caith le daondacht a bhfoighe, O'Gr. Cat. 29.5 . dochuir urnaighthe diochra go Dia . . . gidh edh nir treicc . . . a troim-easlainte leissin hé for all that, BNnÉ 275 § 257 . Cf. la dēcim felmac (.i. is amlaid ataciim conid mac foglamma) `according to what I see (he is only) a pupil' RC xxvi 14.12 . ( Rawl. 108a5 .)

(d) Expressing purpose with follg. vn.: lé a congbháil ó fhéin fhuinidh `to guard it', TD 10.16 . ní le rádh uirre is iomdha (of Jerusalem), 17.25 . la furtacht d'faghail in order to get help, Stair Erc. 78 . ar an leabhar . . . noch atā le taisbēanadh, Párl. na mB. 133 .

IV Expressing agency by, by the hands of, by direction or order of.

(a) With pass. verb. dogéntar aidchumtach tempuil less, Wb. 26a8 . congabtis gabala linn, 19a4 . a molad . . . lúaidfidir láedib limmsa `it will be sung in lays by me', Thes. ii 295.7 (Cod. S. Pauli). indí lassandenatar inna cumtach `those by whom the ornamentations are made', Ml. 84a11 . gabthe dunad les fris `a camp was pitched by him (Saul) against him (David)' Ml. 55c1 . dichossecrad inna cathrach conrotacht la duaid `of the consecration of the city that was built by David', 48d27 . conoscaighther du scath immut la cumscugud inna grene gl. sicut umbra corpus sequitur et conversionibus solis inflectitur, 118c12 . amal asrobrad leusom, Ml. 37b24 . oroit ar Thurcain lasandernad in [c]hrossa, Thes. ii 289.5 . oroit . . . do Flaund . . . do rig Herenn lasandernad a cumddachso (i.e. to whose order?), 11 . ised canir leisim, Mon. Tall. 131.11 . rothinolad lais . . ./ na fuair frisna secht ṁbliadnaib, SR 3393 . díaro sáertha na mná la Adomnan ┐ la Fínnachta Fledach, la ríg nÉrend, ┐ la mathib hErend ar chena, LU 2258 ( FA 32 ). do toglad in dun la Coin Culaind, RC vi 184.28 . Tigernmas . . . / leis ro berbad . . . méin óir a tús i nHerind, LL 2046 (cf. is aciside doronta ilbrechta i n-étaigib, 2037 ). darónad urgnam bíd ┐ lenna leo, TBC-LL¹ 811 . ro alt la Conchobar, LL 260a11 ( LMU 6 ). C. . . . lasrachētgabtha comgni, ZCP viii 303.1 . rohailed in mac sin la Cathbad, RC vi 178.129 . Marchelli din . . . is lais do-ronad leiges in abbad, PH 555 . gabthar Ailill la hÉ., RC xxiv 186.2 . a chlár . . . ler cabhradh cách, DDána 2.6 . Sometimes with ellipsis of the verb: ni do chach la Meidb in lind dálter for Fer ṁbáeth, TBC-LL¹ 2167 = ni do chách berar la Meidb, TBC St. 1926 . lechtain le Pedar / isan offrend ard uasal the lectio was introduced by Peter, ZCP viii 115 § 31. Frequ. with impersonal forms of intransitive verbs: dutiagar leu du failti fris[i]n ríg, Ml. 116b5 . dochuas (docuas v.l.) limsa chuici I went to it, Ériu iv 134.11 . cid fa bfuilter damsa lib what do you want from me, TBC-LL¹ 2261 . sciobadh na miasa . . . is trialltar leo tar sleasaibh an mhúir amach, Keat. iii 1012 .

(b) Denoting agent after vn. or an appellative so used: tri óenpheccad la Adam, Wb. 3a5 which could also be rendered one sin of Adam's. Cf. VI (a). conaroib diupart neich lelele `so that there be no defrauding of one by another', 16c24 . connabí asse a aicsin leu `so that it is not easy for him to be seen by them', Ml. 116a1 . Cf. cid fodruair latsu . . . mo dímiadsa fiad andrib, LU 3901 ( SCC 41 ). ba ferr a comaitecht . . . oldaas a tuitim la náimtiu, LL 260b33 (Lg). dogniat nuallguba . . . ic a riagad la drungu demnu, PH 8316 . cúirt . . . ag a cor suass lesin diūc, Fl. Earls 78.35 . Here may be assigned the type: ni sí ar sercc less `that is not the love He hath for us', Wb. 4b16 . méit for serc lemsa, 14d16 . Cf. 23a27 , 25a27 , 27d8 . ara seirc lind because I am so fond of her, Fing. R. 392.

(c) Denoting agent after active verb, at the hands of: cutrummae neich forodamair som leu `the same measure as he had suffered at their hands', Ml. 54b28 . Cf. maided fair lib `let him be routed by you', Wb. 7a4 . rombith lat . . . a lestar give me the vessel, Irish Texts i 11.2 . cach la tan ba leo. tan aile ba forro, LU 223 . co torchair .l. leis cona ḟiaclaib, LL 14054 ( RC iii 181 ). fuair bás na chomland chatha / la D., Arch. Hib. ii 85 § 41 . dáig ni bam béo meni thaeth cara nó náma limm, TBC-LL¹ 669 . táet a bás lim, 907 . mad dia tóetsad latt, 2088 . E. lastorchair C., ZCP viii 302.20 . tuitfe tú liomsa, Duan. F. ii 256 § 31 . is lais tra forodamair in martrasa, lasin forcongarthid . . . Datianus, PH 1109 . o atchualaid tra Dioclian . . . in bisech bui for in cristaigecht lais (i.e. Paphnutius), 539 .

(d) With neg. vb. denoting preventive agent: mainbad tairbad bāis . . . / lem ni bud fien cen dīgail, Fianaig. 10.18 .

V In at, among, with (apud, chez, bei).

(a) Of locality or population-group: ucc domnuch mar criathar la auu censelich in Uí Ch. Thes. ii 241.6 ( Ardm. 18a ). la laigniu `in Leinster', Thes. 241.16 (ibid.). Raith Cathbaid .i. la Cruithintuaith Raith C. in the country of the Picts, RC vi 175.38 . Cf. la di[a]mair a inchlidi som gl. apud arcanum virtutis suae, Ml. 53a5 . nach loinges roḟitir E. la hEirind, Ériu iii 138.103 . érlamae Cille F. la Áu Amalgada, Trip.² 1540 . Mag Ṡeired la Tethba. Mag Tochair i Tir Eogain, LL 626 . Ui A. la Muaidh `on the Moy', Hy Fiach. 4. Cf. nach namae ro bói lia n-athir `any enemy that their father had', Ml. 127b2 . is de atā Trāig Ési la hUltu, Ériu i 118.35 . Crimthann la Hū Maine, ACL iii 308 § vi 1 . la hErinn huili throughout Ireland, RC iii 345.6 .

(b) Referring to persons or peoples generally: bat he berte bretha lib `let it be them who give judgements among you', Wb. 9c12 . lia muntair `among his household', Ml. 71c16 . no cainte tobchetal leusom hi tosuch cech mís, 102c8 (or to be referred to IV (a)?). rechtga[e] ríg amail rongab rechtga[e] righ Caisil la Mumain, Críth G. 520 . in Cú ro chúalammár la hUltu, LU 4832 . mad me bad chend athchomairc laisna Déisib, Ériu iii 140.184 . máethmaccáem co n-gabh armu lind, TBC-LL¹ 1249 . is hē ba tuaircnid flatha la Fiachaig, ZCP viii 317.18 . da ech bas ḟerr la Connachta `the best pair of horses to be found with the C.' LL 13031 ( Sc.M² 2 ). is é cétna ro gabh in ceim sin la Romhanchu `the first to obtain that rank among the Romans', CCath. 77 . do mheaduigh cert lem gach lá, Rel. Celt. ii 240.y .

(c) in, amongst, with, of customs and usages, corresponding to in, amongst, with , in such phrases as in Virgil, in Shakespeare, (it is the custom) in France or amongst the French, (it is a custom) with him; in the days of (cf. VI (d) below): intí lasmbi ind encae . . . intí bís isind encae (sic), Ml. 24a19 . file athir leíss `that he has a father', Sg. 29b12 . ní áis aeccalsa ata brithemin lib, Wb. 9c7 . lebedan .i. ised ainm forán la ezechiál `Leviathan, that is Pharaoh's name in Ezechiel', Ml. 93b7 . do thintud in suin ebraidi sluindes . . . ilintliuchtu la ebreu, 37a10 . dundgniat ind filid linni, 26b10 . briathra āildi la cechtar de frialaile, 31a24 . is la grecu atā a ndliged sin, Sg. 95b1 . dund lathar fil la Dia ocar nditin ni `to the purpose which is with God in protecting us' Ml. 103d27 . nad fel dliged remcaissen la Dia, Ml. 27d10 . mascul la baedam són immurgu `this however, is masculine in Baeda', Sg. 124b6 . arecar forṅgarthaid sechmadachti la Grécu gl. apud Graecos etiam praeteriti temporis sunt imperativa, Sg. 147b6 . ind interiecht nad rann insce la Grecu, 26b6 . cit comsuidigthi la Grecu ní ecen dunni beta comsuidigthi linn, 207b11 . aní as nomen lasna littridi aili is cognomen són la Priscien, 28a18 . is follus nach mór bríg articuil linni, 26b3 .

Very frequently in Laws i n phrase la Féine (Féniu) (frequently abbreviated lā) according to (the custom of) the F.: cis lir fodlai fine la Feine?, Laws iv 282.10 ( SM Facs. 3b ). atait tri comurba la Feine nis comsaer a cuir, Laws iii 46.18 . atait secht cella la Feine, na dlegad dire na dicubus, v 118.1 . dichenglaiter cach chor cen raith fine la Feine, iv 206.z . is [s]ruithiu la Feine in foesam andsen óldas a tir as a tairidnither, 9 ( Ériu xvii 64 § 3 ). Note further: ní heclas, acht ūam latrand ┐ tādat a hainm la Crīst, Ériu i 219.z . ar is fern laisin laidneoir ┐ u laisin Gāidel, ZCP viii 107.3 . ni facai . . . tuaslucud for selind n-imbe la muindtir Máolrúoin, Mon. Tall. 22 . atat tri altai leusom for ind gabail, 33 . ni fogni laisim fachmarc scel dóib `it is not his usage to ask them for news' 2 (see fo-gní). ba sollamain gresach la maccu Israel in sollamain-sea in Cengcaigis, PH 5417 . is meinic leis na hoideadha techt . . . do lathair na ndaltadha, RC xxix 110.x .

(d) Various: is bés leosom in daim do thúarcain ind arbe Wb. 10d6 . is bes leusom torand hi tempul delbae inna rig, Ml. 65c16 . ba lugae leu in sin gl. per . . . exempla iurabant, 118c5 . ba bés leu . . . ferthain ind óenaig, LU 3230 ( SCC 2 ). as breth la F. leth diri gach graid tuaithe for a mnai, Laws iv 306.17 . In the opinion of, according to: issi a bríg liumsa atechtae som huaim amal ni confessin etir I care no more about their going from me than if etc., Ml. 117d4 . ba bibdu báis leusom intí nád imdibthe, Wb. 1d15 . is cert a míad linn do beith-siu etrainn we deem it a sufficient honour, Mer. Uil. 49. See dar.

(e) from, at the hands of: gabais caille la patricc took the veil from P. (i.e. was professed by P.), Thes. ii 238.16 ( Ardm. 17a2 ). rotbia less lóg do daggníma, Wb. 6a11 . rotbia limm airmitiu intslóig, SR 3353 . nanní asbertisom frisom . . . ba ed a frecrae adi lesom `whatever they used to say to him that was the answer to them that he had', Ml. 62c13 . ba hísin tochuiridh Patraic leo the invitation they had for P., Dinds. 68 . in eitchi connaigh, nī sunn atā dhó acht a Clūain mic Nois ┐ la Ciarán, ACL iii 4.35 . amail rochualatar som lassin faith commad tria chumachta na hingine rogebtais tír, Ériu iii 138.80 . ro chuala la nech legas libru I have heard from one who studies books, LL 19060 ( Misc. Hib. 17 § 1 ). cia hairm ita in chleth, cluinem lat, Rawl. 84a21 . rot bia tír lind cen chís cen biathad, Ériu iii 140.168 . dia mbui Crist hi croich la hIúdaigib, PH 671 . rodbē a lūagh la Dia `may God reward you for it', Ériu i 46.27 . cīa lóg rombīa latt ar a fagbāil what reward shall I have from thee? ZCP iv 44.5 ( TBFr. 23 ). Cf. further: luid C. do forceatal gaiscid la Scāthaig . . . ilLetha, Ériu i 114.3 (cf. Wb. 19a10 cited under I (e) above). tathum cech maith la Gūaire, Ériu ii 16.13 . cía fogaba mōrchennsa / lassin dūilem īar ndola, BColm. 98.8 .

(f) The following also are most simply explained as developments of the sense with, amongst, at ; exx. of the types cited are very numerous in Old-Ir. glosses: trachtad lesom anisiu this is his commentary, Ml. 74c9 . cosmuilius aile lessom in so this is another of his similes, Wb. 10d14 . cosmuilius roisc anísiu lessom, 12c10 . canoin centrachtad in so lessom (of a verse without commentary), Ml. 132c6 . analogia laissem anisiu do thaidbse cheille `he has here an analogy to shew the sense', Sg. 149b4 . Cf. forsani as corda trachtad (dtrachtid, MS) lesom anisiu, Ml. 53a1 .

(g) according to, in the opinion of in phrases with copula: ished aperficere lessom (to do) this he deems perficere, Wb. 3d5 . is peccad diabul lesom he considers it a double sin, Ml. 97d10 . issí ind inducbal lesom in molad, 126b17 . arathis leusom anintamail fria ndeu `they deem it as a reproach', 138c10 . This construction very common at all periods to indicate possession of opinion, notion, feeling, desire, impulse, etc. The predicate can be (i) a noun, or (ii) an adjective. (i) iscían ós accobor lemm farríchtu I have long desired to come to you, Wb. 7a3 . intí lasinformat maith dodegdoinib, Ml. 129b3 . is machdad limm, Sg. 6a4 . cid as mó miscais lat atchí, IT i 81.18 . cach ní ba tol libse, PH 637. (ii) robu maith leu they would have liked, Ml. 105b8 . aní asmaith ladia doguidi, Wb. 4b4 . condib sain . . . linn, Tur. 86 . an robo dech leó dona tri coectaib ingen, LU 8724 ( FB 54 ). ba holc le anisin, RC xxiv 192.21 . amal ba lór leo, PH 3300. Common with menma: bá maith lais a menma, IT i 257.5 . See menmarc. See also dar. With certain predicates the meaning is more concrete, see doich, étir, mebair, etc.

VI Denoting possession, ownership, etc.

(a) attá x la y y has x (cf. oc IV (b)): nistá leo leth docoiset they have nowhere to go, Mon. Tall. 128.10 . robadar cethtri cridiscél liomsae `I have had', 136.19 . See also 144.28 , 130.1 , 135.19 , 135.28 , 148.20 . boí fled . . . la B. do Ch. B. had a feast (prepared) for C., LU 8041 ( FB 1 ). itá a rigan la cach ríg sund has with him, TBC-I¹ 190 . in filet scéla lib?, ZCP viii 318.20 . tresin ceird toṡuigthi fil lib, LL 13770 . mór na tiorchanta atá lionn, TD 27.30 . In St. Ercuil common in archaisms (see Introd.); elsewhere replaced by attá . . . oc . . . Cf. an lá nocha liom do bhí it was not my lucky day(?), Aithd. D. 47.1 .

(b) x la y y has x (perh. as (a) with ellipse of subst. vb.): ceist limm dúib, Wb. 19b7 . óenchoimdiu lib `one Lord have ye', 22d7 . sainred n-eulais leu, Ml. 37b12 . As subordinate clause: ho ro mmoidisom cumachte less that he had power, Wb. 17a12 . is torbach do popul flaith firian leu it is profitable to the people to have a righteous prince, Ml. 90b11 . conrubaidh fri m'enech gin mháthair nó athair lium (.i. agum), ZCP v 523 . Of personal attributes: rosc nglan . . . lais, LU 7078 ( BDD 75 ). berrtha lethna leo, TBC-LL¹ 181. Of relatives: da brathair limm, TBC-LL¹ 50 . E. . . . oenmac leis, Rawl. 148a5 . ni fess celi le, IT i 139.26 = nácon fes céle for a seilb, LU 10606. Various: de[i]ch mbaí lais, Laws iv 306.x . breithemnus dogrés la clandaib L., Críth G. 133 . leth in tigi . . . la Connachta the men of C. occupied, Sc.M² 5 . rob tusa lemsa / rob misi latsa, Ériu ii 89 § 4 (see Éigse x 46 ).

(c) is la x y x owns, possesses y, y belongs to x (also with ellipse of copula. See Éigse x 45 - 8 ): ní lanech huáin alaile, Wb. 6b20 . commimis less huili, 21 . leissom a tech, 33a2 . amal ata les inna nert, Ml. 108c11 . á aii .i. comtis les gl. uoluerit eos suos uocari, 92c10 . is limsa in cauradmir, LU 8974 ( FB 73 ). A. . . . ba leis ind Hériu, LL 14786 . latsu na rucais, PH 3217 . bud le a maccaibsi a cuit de, Laws iv 46.3 Comm . diamtis lat, LU 3310 ( SCC 11 ).

In extended meaning x has a right to (do) y: ni limsa superedificare it is not for me to, etc., Wb. 8c17 . is la B. tocht isan cath it is B's part to go into battle, RC xxiv 194.24 . riaguil proinntige . . . ní linni a rád it is not for us to fix the rules of the refectory, ZCP xiii 27.21 . is liomsa a chogar ó chiort I have a right to be heard by him, DDána 121.33 . Note also: in let / dál dia fuair doirthe dost thou know why? Metr. Dinds. iii 412. 27 . do ba leam ise d'aithmhealladh it was in my power to, Aithd. D. 89.32 . imtheachd . . . is é bhus libh, DDána 26.3 .

(d) Phrase x la y as adjectival complement of a noun: petta sindaig la rig L. a pet belonging to, IT i 46.22 . dorime an mac aite ile lasin n-athair many places belonging to (that many places belong to?), Anecd. i 51 § 3 . E., cathair . . . lé hEoin, Maund. 31 . go baile le diūc de L., Fl. Earls 74.28 . Cf. Créd la Marcán, Anecd. i. 7.14 .

Personal forms used reflexively: atdubelliub lemm, Wb. 7a4 . décce lat corintiu, 10c20 . atreba leiss possesses, Sg. 33a1 , 4 . addella leis tech[t] do thig filed N., Otia ii 86.2 . faichle lat atair mo thairbhse, BB 384b36 ( Dinds. 66 ). Áth Chliath fégaid lib, Metr. Dinds. iii 100.1 . finta lat in ranic ní Fer baeth, TBC-LL¹ 2198 . an fitir lat?, YBL 13a24 ( Snedg. u. Mac R 46 ). imthigid don halla leó féin, Maund. 203. áirimh leat, Content. v. 71 . tiomsaigh leat, TD 2.5 . See Duan. F. iii 75 n ., Celtica i 390 .

Idiomatic uses with verbs, nouns and adjectives are given under the words concerned.

In later lang. 3 s. n. leis as adv. visible, uncovered : ná léig leis do bhrághaid bhán do not expose, Dánta Gr. 26.7 . a n-aighthe ┐ gach ní do bhí leis díobh all that was uncovered. Beatha S. F. 2347 . leigmíd ár mbrollach . . . leis, Párl. na mB. 562 . ? duit ó nach léis na lomróid, Rel. Celt. ii 298.26 . (Earlier ris, see Duan. Finn., Éigse ix 227 , fri IX (f)).

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