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Your search returned 15 result(s).

ainrían

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ainrían or dil.ie/1507

 

n (rían): dia hídal immid anr[í]an (: dían) of many evil ways, SR 5394 . athchuin fá mhaitheamh t' ainrian `trespasses', Oss. iii 286.11 . clann Israhél re headh gcian / i gcrích Éigipte ar ainrian in a bad way, DDána 4.22 . .x. damu dagfedma dlongar Herion (no anrian) uill nó uaind, Ériu ii 4 n.55 (see p. 10 ).

clemnas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. clemnas or dil.ie/9434

 

Forms: -asa, -ais

n u, m. (clíamain) IGT Decl. § 38 (g s. -asa, -ais). marriage-alliance, affinity; relationship (see Celtica i 376 ): trí dotcaid maic athaig: clemnas fri hócthigern . . . , Triads 71 . teora airi[se]na iarnduba: comar, cocless, c.¤ , 125 . sil Seth dochótar darm'reir / hi c.¤ clain[n]i Caeïn, SR 2420 . na dénaid friu . . . / cuibdi, cardes no c.¤ , 4844 . doróne M. c.¤ re Francaib ┐ Lochlannchaib, Ann. Inisf. 1102.6 . D. . . . do marbad la M. . . . a fill tre ch.¤ `by means of an alliance(?)' (or read tar c.¤ in violation of?), 991.3 . ar ṅgait a mban / gabsat c.¤ [fri] Tuath Dea, LL 16098 . dáig do chlemnasu ríu / romor gebi ri Laigniu (to Fland mac Mael Shechnaill because his daughter was married to Cerball mac Muiricéin), 7532 . clemnus Gaedil fri hidal .i. c.¤ ingine Ragnaill fri mac mBriain, YBL 328b34 . cuich ro opabad cleamnus ┐ caradrad fhir mar thusu?, TTebe 676 . ar gairi in cleamnasa on account of the nearness of the marriage relationship, 3201 . cleamhnus do dhéanamh ré mac an D. (by marrying one of his foster-daughters), Atlantis iv 116.21 . cleamhnas ar deis duine féin / is altrannas i n-imgcéin, DDána 66.9 . báidh cleamhnais, Keat. Poems 1009 . Fig. nach bhfuil gné gaoil nó cleamhnuis spioradálta ag na cáirdeasaibh Críosd . . . ris an té ghlacas baisdeadh?, Donlevy 232.22 . i bhfochair an tsaoghail nó na colna, ré mbí i gcleamhnas, TSh. 7769 .

Obscure: ar ni tria gairi cotobgní Lugaid lanch.¤ goin frisgegna gním, LL 13785 (rhet.).

2 damnaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 damnaid or dil.ie/14526
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: domnais, domnaim

v domnaid (rhyming with fognam SR).

I Ties, fastens, binds : Stokes, Corm. Tr. 164. 8 . Meyer, Contribb. 587 . damnais .i. ceanglais, Stowe Gl. 83 .

II Usually like Gk. δάμνημι, subdues, conquers; of animals breaks in. sluaig síl Adaim ... rodomnad ... do ḟognam Demuin SR 2675 . rodamnad ... dadrad hídal is arracht, ib. 2679 . rodamnad co sáthib slóg Ramath cathir na nAmmon, ib. 6731 . damainti he subdues him TBC-LL¹ 689 Y. rodamnaid ┐ roslechtaid saermilid andsin, Alex. 270 . Lomna domnais drechnatha (v.l. drecht ndatha), LU 87 upper margin (see RC xxii 394 ); Meyer translates: L. bound together poems (staves). Luan Deaa damnus (.i. chenglus) cach iath, ZCP v 485. 17 . Here probably also Corm. Tr. 164. 12 : crann ar lias .i. gobenn gaibthir forsin cethrae co ndamnaiter a núde i cumung.

Sense I is not well supported. The passages in Corm. s.v. udmad ; LL 311 b 11 : domnais (gl. .i. cenglais, whence Stowe Gl. 83 might have been taken) giallu gall co coic assa Alpion ( co coictaib arda Alpeoin, Rawl. 115 b 19 ); and ZCP v 485. 17 (cited above), are not sufficient to prove the meaning tie. In fact, the meaning tie, bind would not be expected with this root, whether one sees in damnaim the Celtic equivalent of Gk. δάμνημι (as Strachan proposes, VSR p. 61 ), or, as might also be suggested, a loanword from Lat. dominari (cf. the o-form domnaim, not found with 1 damnaid), which in time fell together with 1 damnaid (from Lat. damnare). The true Irish cognate of δάμνημι is daimim, Celtic agreeing with Scr. and Germ. in forming the present with io. The complete absence of primary inflexion and of a vn. formed directly from the root is against the comparison damnaim: ib. 150 .

do-fúasailci

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-fúasailci or dil.ie/17700

 

Forms: dofuasilci, dofuasalcat, dunforsailc, -torslaic, doforsailced, túasailcthe, túaslucud

v (*to-fo-uss-léic-). See GOI p. 526 . Also with stem do-fos-, in perf. do-fors- (-ó-?). Indic. pres. 3 s. dofuasilci, Ml. 127a17 . 3 pl. dofuasalcat, Sg. 19a1 . Perf. 3 s. dunforsailc, Ml. 125a9 . -torslaic, SR 5287 . Pass. perf. s. doforsailced, Ml. 118d20 . Part. túasailcthe. Vn. túaslucud. Freq. treated as simple vb. with stem tuaslaic-. IGT Verbs §§ 50 , 65 .

In O.Ir. glosses usually = Lat. solvere or compds.: gl. solvere, Ml. 29b10 , 127a17 , 18 , 131d1 ; dissolvere (desolvere), 91c8 , Sg. 71a19 ; resolvere, Ml. 118d20 . Hence in general sense loosens, relaxes, etc.

(a) sets free, releases: iarsindi contanrairlic hi ndo[i]ri, dunforsailc hi soiri iarum, Ml. 125a9 . as cach ing donforslaice taithmet anmae Ignati may . . . release us, Hy. i 18 . amal fōides in n-aingel . . . tarslaic Petrum a slabreid, 33 (rotuaslaic, gl.). rī . . . donfuaslaic dochum nimi, SR 7519 . tofuasilcea cimmidi nach ait indaaiccither, Anecd. iii 57.19 . tuaslaicfid na huli filet i carcair, PH 3863 . rothuaslaicset . . . popul na ngénnte ó fhógnum hídal , 4564 . Exceptionally intrans.: rotuaslaic do mac[aib] Israel asin dāire, CCath. 30 .

(b) loosens, dissolves, resolves (into constituent elements): is i ndi guthaigthi dofuasilcther deogur the diphthong is resolved into two vowels, Sg. 18a6 . int sonartae inna múr doforsailced hil-luaithred gl. resolutam in pulverem, Ml. 118d20 . tuáslaicfiter ┐ legfait ri tes tened brátha, RC xxv 234 . rotuaislaiced focetoir fo aicned na ndula, PH 6979 . ro túaslaicthe for aicned na ndul, LU 2518 . Fig. doforsailced in doire, Ml. 131d1 .

(c) loosens (a sword), i.e. unsheathes: nochtais (dofuasuilgi, v.l.) C. in claideb, RC vi 175 . tofoslaicc O. in claideb, RC xii 106 § 162 . dotorsilcitis (when) they were unsheathed (of swords), ib. doroslaigset a claidbiu, TTr.² 1608 . dofoslaici claidim, YBL 180a14 . batar tuaslaicthe cloidib, Alex. 12 .

(d) solves (a question, etc.): dofúasailcet a n-immchomarc, Sg. 27a2 . cach ceist duilig . . . nothúaslaicfed Media, LL 221a49 ( TTr. 309 ). nā bi for snim th'aislinge; ata 'sin charcair . . . duini tuaslaicfe who will interpret it, SR 3284 . dofúaslaic fír cech ndochar truth clears up every difficulty, Tec. Corm. 56 n. 34 .

(e) relaxes, remits (bondage, an obligation, etc.): mad fri hécin mōir, tuaslaicthir im-medon in tredain sin if (the three-days' fast be) to repel a great distress, relief is granted in the middle of the fast, RC xii 430 § 21 . na sruithi na tuaslaicitis in áine . . . acht in domnach namá, PH 5559 . ind āine in chesta doforslaicde [la?] Colm Cille for noebaib hErenn, Mon. Tall. § 68 . nico dlegar tuaslucud for feoil . . . conid toslicea ind anmchara there ought to be no relaxation as to flesh . . . till the confessor grant it, § 51 .

(f) dissolves, destroys: tuaslaicid-si in tempul-sa destroy this temple, PH 3446 . co rotuaislaicthe na cethri rigshuide déc, 1256 . is [ar] tairmtecht timna Dé do na rigaib tuaslaicter síth ┐ comhchetfaid ina popul, 4229 .

fognam

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fognam or dil.ie/22777

 

Forms: fognamo, fognama, fognama, foghnamh, oghnamh, -namha, -naimh, -anta, f., foghnamha, fógnuma

n u, m. (vn. of fo-gní). g s. fognamo, Wb. 3d14 . in fognama , 22b21 . fognama, 3c11 . Ml. 84c12 . foghnamh oghnamh (g s. n p. -namha, -naimh, -anta) IGT. Decl. § 47 . As vn. ib. Verbs § 44 .

(a) serving, rendering service , absol. or with DO of pers. is hae inso in f.¤ don choimdid (gl. orationi instate) Wb. 27c18 . f.¤ do idlaib, 19d11 . lóg ... á fognama hirobatar pay for the (lit. their) servitude in which they had been Ml. 84c12 . ar léciud ... asind f.¤ hi robammar servitude Ml. 105b16 . luid F. ... ┐ beir (leg. birt?) a cumal lais i f.¤ , Laws i 70.24 . bai ... do dhichracht in fhoghnuma i mbai P. co toimniuth cech ae ... cumad do a oenar foighneth, Lism. L. 143 . cach faesom co fognom, ACL iii 227.54 . ni fil acht aeneclas ... ag fognum (nó adhradh) do Dhia, Marco P. 141 . ag foghnamh don Dúileamh, TSh. 460 . ní roibh acht aenberla ag foghnum do chach the one language was used by all BB 17b28 . co nderna logh secht cumhall do foghnumh till he perform service of the value of seven cumals Laws iv 250.6 Comm. With gen.: sē la d'fógnam na collai, in t-én lá don ... animm, PH 7369 . o ḟognam in forbaind rechtaide ... o ḟógnum hídal , 4566 . im na hocht mballa bis ac f.¤ in muilind `which are necessary to the mill' (viz water, millrace, shaft, etc.) Laws i 140.13 Comm. Of feudal service: asbert S. ... nach beth fo chis, na fa ḟoghnam do righ talmhan, Lism. L. 2115 . boí F. oc dīlgend na n-aithech ┐ aca cur hi cís ┐ a foghnam dermar, ZCP xi 65 § 16 . ma beith fognum diib do ḟlaithib co nómad naó, Críth G. 326 ( Laws iv 320 ). dianom soertha don fhognamh ica tu don righ were I delivered from my bondage to the King Lism. L. 1539 . do-bertar ratha ... im bithḟoghnom dóibh dia réir féin, ZCP xi 64 § 13 (= um beith fodhnamach doib etc. RC xx 339 ). conattig forru Cairpre ... f.¤ Temrach to do service to T. (the S. due to T.?) Metr. Dinds. iii 440y (= oghnamh, BB 30b1 . daerfoghnomh, Dinds. 78 ). in cutruma sin do ḟerond occaib cen tech cen trebad fair ┐ cen f.¤ tellaich Temrach, Ériu iv 124 . With subj. gen.: tri f.¤ inna mball ... doib Wb. 12b3 . la Colmán ó sin alle f.¤ an bale sin ar is fáss ó comarbaib féin hí mina tarttatt a rér do Cholmán, BColm. 78.14 . foghnam fuidhri no daorceile uathaibh re re na foglama `the service of a f. or a d. is due from them during the term of the learning' (of apprentices) Laws iv 236.20 . m'fhoghnamh nach cóir do chomaoidhimh `that I must not boast of my merit' PBocht 6 § 17 . do-gní f.¤ do serves: dogenat f.¤ dam, MacCarthy 44.23 = fomgnífet, SR 852 . lé foghnamh do dhéanamh do Dhia, TSh. 1130 . gen. as attrib.: fer foghnamha , Ériu xiii 16.12 . luag fir fognuma an attendant Laws i 110.9 . mad fer fognama (.i. mad he in fer do ne in foghnum im bith for bantincar), Laws ii 390z (392.6) = Stud. in E. Ir. Law 57 . is uaidib ... roḟas daerchis fodnoma for saerchlandaib hEreand, Lec. Facs. 185vb9 = BB 255a29 (fognuma). capul fognuma ┐ ech immrimme, Laws iv 308.22 ( Críth G. 158 ). (cf. capul itir foghnum ┐ imrim, Laws iv 304.12 , Críth G. 91 ). fine fognama (.i. daorceile ┐ saorcheile), Laws v 318.2 . la himed...lochta ind fognuma labourers TTr.² 600 . etaig fognama ... domelar cach dia `working dress' (dress of use, everyday clothes) Laws v 398.1 . don mainistir ... cona fearonnaibh foghnamha `glebe-lands' AFM vi 2148.15 . pl. at cotarsnai na fógnuma do dís (i.e. no man can serve two masters) PH 711 . ni hiat a fognumha bis forro functions (of Ogham letters) BB 301a27 .

(b) later often use, utility, profit (with AR of thing. Cf. feidm): ni bí fognum er ni da ṅdentar cen fúndamit fái PH 7816 . nach fuil fodnum agud orm that I am of no use to thee ZCP vi 55.20 . ni fhuil foghnamh orm at egmais = sine te nihil sum ... nihil possum Instructio 226.20 . ní bhia fóghnamh ar an absolóid absolution will be of no avail Mac Aingil 376 . an mbī foghnamh ar an bposadh? is the marriage valid? Luc. Fid. 140.14 . do cuiredh a ndergár innus nach roibhe foghnam orra o shin alé, L. Chl. S. § 13 . co mbetha gan foghnamh ort no ar beacan foghanta = pro nihilo aut minimo reputari Instructio 224.14 . (cf. mod. ar foghnamh of use, in health, thriving ).

genti

Cite this: eDIL s.v. genti or dil.ie/25690

 

n (< Lat. gentes) i, m. pl. and see gent.

(a) In Glosses used in Jewish sense of Gentiles : geinti hiressich `faithful Gentiles,' Wb. 4c40 . am forcitlid geinte, 29d26 . de Iudéib do Barnaip, di geintib do Thit, 18d6 . etir Iudeo et genti, Ml. 35a19 . Wb. 19a10 . voc. a geinti hireschu, 3a13 .

(b) In older lit. in general heathens, pagans : ō dēibh no ainmnighdis geinti a llaithe, Corm. Y 419 = genti, LB. fes Temra cecha samna. ar bá híside caisc na ngente, LU 4211 . in conflicht rolasad na geinti and fri Pátraic, Laws i 2.12 Comm. genti bidbaid guilty pagans, Fél. Prol. 175 . g pl. na ngente, ib. 61 , 205 . do thochuiredh gentiu a n-iris, Hib. Min. 324 . na gente chennaigit ... delba hídal , PH 4583 . crand gíuis noadratís na gente, RC ii 394 § 25 . do gentib Gréc, Metr. Dinds. iv 152.75 . fri hindarbud plag ┐ genti ... dib, RC xii 422 § 3 . ar galar, ar geinntib, ZCP x 346 § 6 . faid guach in t-Issa ... ol na geinti, Marco P. § 8 . Isaiah lx 3.

(c) the heathen Norsemen (common in Annals) : amal dundgniat geinti dinaib brataib bertae hodie as do the heathens of the spoils that they carry off today, Ml. 63c18 . loscadh Rechrainne o geinntibh, AU i 274.z (an. 794) , Cath for Gennti, i 332.z (an. 833) . loscadh Mungairit ┐ alanaile cheall Irmumen o gentibh, i 336.1 (an. 834) . ticfait genti dar muir mall, Cog. 225.9 . Ériu vi 122 § 9 . gennti .i. cenél na pagán, ii 196.4 . coscradh Dunaidh L. ... la Geintibh, AFM i 440.10 . na bhflaitheas ní tharla dhí | plágha gorta náid geinnti, Content. v § 65 . dub-g.¤ (lit. black-haired heathens) Danes ; finn-g.¤ (lit. fair-haired heathens) Norwegians : tancadar Duibgenti da-narda ... ocus dabadar ic diucur na Findgenti a hErind, Cog. 18.18 . is díobh ghairthear Duibhgheinnte ... agus Finngheinnte, Keat. iii 2456 - 7 .

gentliucht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. gentliucht or dil.ie/25696

 

n (based on Lat. gentilis) ā, f. gentilism, heathenism ; esp. heathen lore, wizardry, heathen spells, etc. : i scéláib et senchassaib recto et geintlecte, Wb. 31b14 . fri dubrechtu gentliuchtae, Thes. ii 357.5 ( Hy. vii 51 ). ro milled in gentlecht, Fél. Prol. 213 . ni roadairset in Coimdid acht génntliucht ┐ adrad hídal , LB 128a30 . nachn-erbbad i ṅgentliucht, na n-erbbad i fírinne, ZCP xi 88 § 56 . [tin]tud ngeindtlechta, Laws i 8.16 . intuth i ngintlecht, O'Curry 758 ( H 3.18, 358b ). combtar fortilde for suthib cerd ngenntlichtæ, RC xii 56.16 ( CMT § 1 ). LU 4413 . Cf. Anecd. i 19.19 . rachuaid im munigin ... a gessi ┐ a gentliuchta, TTr. 362 ( LL 222a20 ). rolā ... tūathi ocus gentlecht isna hilblassaib sin `charms and heathen spells,' MacCongl. 5 . mucca gentliuchta, RC xiii 448 § 34 . d'ḟoghlaim druidhechta ┐ geindtliuchta ┐ ḟeasa diabuil, BB 27b10 ; 19a33 . Cf. with above : expelle gentilitatem ab homine isto, Stowe M., p. 5 . transformavit se in multis formis per gentilitatem, RC xxiv 276 § 9.

ídal, ídol

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ídal, ídol or dil.ie/27176

 

Forms: ídol, ídal, idal, i., Ídhal, Iúdhal

n o, m. (Lat. īdōlum). Written ídol in Wb., ídal in Ml. and later.

(a) an idol; sometimes a false god although dei idal (pl.) occurs twice for this: īdol ab idolo ... forma isin laitin. Unde idolum .i. delba ┐ arracht[a] inna [n]dūlae dognītis in geinti, Corm. Y 751. inna túari adopartar dond ídol, Wb. 10c1 . for altóir ind ídil, 6 . amal fongníter ídil as idols are served, 27b9 . in doini adordais inna idlu lstrok;. ind idail fadesin, Ml. 36d16 . dechur tadbat som itir dóini ┐ idlu cruthaigter foa cosmailius, 138c1 . ní fitir idal inna inchlidi amal rundfitir dia `knows not the hidden things,' 140c10 . fer ... adhartha idhal `an idolater ,' Ériu ii 116 § 47. apair fris, nacha n-erbbad i n-ídlu, ZCP xi 88 § 57. ar ṡacart ind ídail (v.ll. igail, idhail), Fél. Ep. 548. gin udbairt do deib i.¤ (g p. used attributively), Laws i 44.15 Comm. dofoethsat na hídala | dee duib na ngeinte cuilech, SR 8289. ic adrad Chroim Chróich rig-idail hErend, LL 16b30 . ro trascair hidalu ┐ arrachtu immda, PH 536. Astoróth a ainm in hídail, 1945 . in deman do-s-bered freccra díb as in í.¤ , 2034 . do Ioib, ar ba omnipotens léosam a ngeintib in t-idol sin, O'Mulc. 213. tar Pul, dar Ercle, dei í.¤ leosum indsin, 469 . ni dhéantaoi dhaoibh féin íodhuil ... nó íomháigh ghrábhálta, Levit. xxvi 1. an é an fearso ... an t-iodhal briste tarcuisneach `a despised broken idol,' Jeremiah xxii 28.

(b) idolater: oll ní ni i.¤ .i. is oll in trenfer hé ┐ noco n-idlacht dognith, LU 998 (ACC). tría thuaith na n-í.¤ , 1070 . gilla gargmōr | ic guin ī.¤ `Götzendiener,' Bruchst. § 23. comaillfithir d'Ēirinn | īdail dar a hora, ACL iii 240 § 1. idhul fil ann, .i. deman cailligi, Lism. L. x 23. doréir ídail ic draidecht `according to the will of an idolater working magic,' RC xxiii 414.4 . gnímhradh idhul ┐ ainchreitmech, Marco P. § 1.

In a more general sense, wicked or sacrilegious men: tuc ... da riagad | na hiuidail, da n-ilpianad (of the slayers of Cellach), Metr. Dinds. iii 416.34 .

(c) By transference, a Jew: Ídhal, Iúdhal , IGT Decl. § 11.16 . ba aprainn na hIdhuil co hard iar n-ēguibh righ, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 16.14 . Iudás ... do thairbhir ... Iosa ... fo lamhaibh na nIodhal, BNnÉ i 66.30 . congmaid Idhail an talman sin an berla [E]abhra, Maund. § 237. gu nderna mé écht Ídhail | a ndíghail chrécht Dé dúiligh, IGT Decl. ex. 426. ar teiteadh an nintsamlaighthi re hiughlaibh `for the sake of shunning comparison between themselves and Jews,' O'Gr. Cat. 309.36. do eithidis na hiudhail an iodhbairt shitheach, Luc. Fid. 247.17 .

Compds. ¤adarthach idolatrous: crodacht ... na pontifici hí., PH 404. dobretha techta ... hidal-adarthacha di-a shúr, 539 . d'ecla int sloig' ... echtrand hídal-ádarthaig, LB 154b38 . ¤adrthóir, ¤adraigtheóir an idolater: an t-iodhaladhrthoir, Luc. Fid. 216.2 . go ndernsiad iodhaladhra no gurab iodhaladhrthóiridh iad, 194.y . fuagra air mur iodhaladhraightheoir, 195.15 . ¤adrad idolatry: cathair na-r-fhacaib in t-í., PH 2424. tre geintlidhecht ocus tre iodhaladhradh, Cog. 114.29 . iodhaladhradh do dhéanamh ... do Chrom Chruaidh, Keat. ii 1925. g s. as attrib., idolatrous: a shacairt hidal-adartha, PH 378. a luchd iodhaladhruidh, 1 Corinth. v 10. ¤brug temple of idols: mairg adhrus an té isa hadhbha an t-íodhalbhrugh, Aithd. D. 76 § 8. ¤dathach coloured like an idol, like an image?: abrut ídlaidi ídaldathach, TTr. 1558. ¤idpairt an idol-offering: co caithdís feola mucc ┐ ídal-idpurtai, PH 6569. ¤tech temple, heathen temple: ind idaltaigae gl. fani, Sg. 66a19 . fecht ... do M. ic loscud idaltige = cum fano ignem injecisset, Lat. Lives 94.13 . ro garad chuige sacart hídaltaig (leg. —taige) in Ióib grianda, LB 207b49 . luidh isin idhailtech ┐ nobid ec edhpairt dona deib, RC xlvi 227.15 .

mallachta(e)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. mallachta(e) or dil.ie/31487

 

Forms: maldachtae, maldachtae, mallachta

adj io, iā. O.Ir. maldachtae (< Lat. maledictus); used as part. of mallachaid, but possibly the latter is formed from it. Accursed: maldachtae, gl. maledictus, Tur. 136 ( Thes. i 494 ). bid mallachtha síl do bráthar, Lat. Lives 31. it mallachda in uli dee hídal , PH 2329. dosbera na maccu mallachtu isin tenid suthain, 7285 (leg. mallachta g s.?).

minaigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. minaigid or dil.ie/32288
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: rumina[ige]d, minugud

v g. (min)

(a) breaks, shatters, comminutes: pret. pass. ? rumina[ige]d, gl. crepuit . . . et diffusa sunt viscera eius, Ardm. 171a2 = Thes. i 496.34 (reading doubtful, see p. 725 ). ra minaig beirn made a breach, TBC-LL¹ 5138 = ro bris, St. ro minaig in demun in hidal , PH 2082. dēta ho mínigther na biada, 6818 . co ro mínaiged a cnáma, Mer. Uil. 36. do mionaighte lestar an loma, BNnÉ 318 § 11. dá mionuigheadh crann críon fa n-a chosaibh if he broke, Keat. ii 5213. Fig.: minaigid cath = brisid c.: is iat ro minaigh gach cath roim in righ who won every battle for the king, LL 386b51 . da minaigh cath 'ga chosnamh, ACL iii 245 § 25. a móid nar mhionaigh a chrábhadh diminished , PBocht 33 § 18. With omission of obj.: glac nar minaid ar miche[i]ll `made no senseless havoc', Metr. Dinds. iii 362.104 . With AR: slat do minaid ar mōrdāim `who crushed a mighty band', ib. 92 . do chuir na lossa ind, ┐ ro minaig iat ar in uisci, Acall. 7150 .

(b) intrans. is broken, shattered (rare): as beg nachar minaideadar a chnamha, ZCP i 128.11 . do ḟoslaicedar na dorais 'n-a n-aenur ┐ da minaichedar a ṅglais, YBL 151b34 . do mhinaigh in cath . . . ar Lir the battle was broken on L., Acall. 1816.

vn. minugud: fuair an cloch arna m.¤ , ZCP xiii 173.13 . briscbruar na n-arm . . . ic a mbrudh ┐ ic a minugudh, CCath. 5918. iar na minugad (of woad-plant), Laws ii 374.2 Comm. iar mhiniugud, Lism. L. 4182. Demolishing (a building, etc.): ar mionachadh na cathrach, BNnÉ 322.7 = mbrisedh, St.

1 ó

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ó or dil.ie/33364
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: ó, hó, oa, ua, ualailiu, ón(d), (h)uan(d), ón, ón, on, ón, hond, huand, ond, uandí, huand, onaib, honaib, huanaib, hunaib, óna, (h)uaim(m), óim, (h)uait, (h)uad, ood, ōd, ód, uad, huad, huadh, uada, uadha, uaid(h), uaidh, (h)uadi, úade, huade, uathi, uaithi, hude, (h)uain(n), huann, húan, uanni, huanni, ónni, onni, uann, uainn, úanna, (h)uaib, (h)uadib, uaidib, huaidib, úaidib, uadib, uaidib, uathib, uaithib, úathu, uathu, uathaibh, uatha, uatha, óm, ót, óa, ó, óa, ua, ó, , óa, ua, ó, hoa, hua, hua, ho, ondid, honid, onid

prep. leniting follg. consonant and governing dat.

Forms O.Ir. ó (o); hó (ho), usual form in Ml. oa, Sg. 4b1 . ua, 3b4 ; 112 ( Thes. ii 290.5 ), cf. huaitherrechtaigthib, 32b2 ; ualailiu, 25b12 .

With art.: sing. ón(d), (h)uan(d): ón bunud, Sg. 33b2 . ón chiunn, Wb. 22a17 . on deacht, 9d10 . ón spirut, 15a12 . hond airdbiu, Ml. 55b17 . huand imbud, 56b23 . uand aitherrech- taigthiu, Sg. 32b7 . (with pron. í) ond, 156a1 , 3 , b3 . uandí, 156b1 . huand, 156b2 .

pl. onaib, Sg. 44a3 . Enchir. Aug. 75b ( ZCP vii 482 ). honaib, Tur. 91 , 92 , 93 ( Thes. ii 491 ). Ml. 32b2 . huanaib, Sg. 33b8 . hunaib, 32b6 . hona fuathaib, Enchir. Aug. 76a ( ZCP vii 482 ). Mid.Ir. óna.

With pron. suff.: 1 s. (h)uaim(m). óim, Enchir. Aug. 75a ( ZCP vii 482 ), archaic. 2 s. (h)uait. 3 s m. (h)uad. ood, Cambr. 37 a ( Thes. ii 244.25 ); ? ōd ( ód v.l.), Trip. 238.21 (archaic forms). Mid.Ir. uad, huad. huadh, Hib. Min. 8.271 . uada, TBC-LL¹ 2251 , PH 841 , 908 , 2118 , 7636 , 7682 , 7782 , 8289 . uadha, 7722 . Later uaid(h), mod. uaidh. 3 s. f. (h)uadi. Mid.Ir. úade ( huade v.l.), Hy. v 36 ; uathi, uaithi. hude, Mon. Tall. 150.23 . 1 pl. (h)uain(n); huann, Wb. 4d9 . húan, BCr. 32b3 . uanni, Wb. 12a12 ; huanni, 5a7 ; ónni, 4b19 ; onni, Cambr. 38a ( Thes. ii 246.21 ). Mid.Ir. uann, uainn (uaind). úanna, Mon. Tall. 153.28 . 2 pl. (h)uaib. 3 pl. (h)uadib. uaidib, Wb. 24b29, 27d1, 31d18 . huaidib, Wb. 32a29 . úaidib, Bechbretha 62 § 23 . Mid.Ir. uadib, uaidib, uathib, uaithib; úathu, TBC-LL¹ 3557 , 5092 ; uathu, 3581 , 3630 , 5064 . uathaibh, uatha, Keat.; mod. uatha.

With poss. pron.: 1 s. óm; 2 s. ót (later often ód); 3 s. óa, ó (latter form common); 3 pl. óa; ua mbraithrib, Wb. 34a6 . In late Mid.Ir. -n- is often inserted before the poss. of the 3rd pers.: ó (= óa) , TBC-LL¹ 6159 = óna ó, H., Add.

With rel. pron.: óa n , ua n , ó n : hoa rícc, Wb. 5c16 . hua mbí, Tur. 10. hua n-erbirmis, Ml. 135d3 . hua ndirrudigeddar, Sg. 33a23 . ho n-eroimer, Ml. 17c7 . ho torgab, 32a23 . ó n-aidil- cnigthir, Hib. Min. 8. 245 . cia o-rb halachta, Lat. Lives 65.8 ( LB 62a22 ).

With cop. 3 s.: ondid, Wb. 12d23 . honid, Ml. 51c2 . Mid.Ir., onid, BColm. 32.25 .

In late Irish lenition is arbitrary in stereotyped phrases like: ó sin ale, see TD ii 264 n. § 36 . Occas. folld. by acc. pl. in Mid.Ir.: o marbu, PH 1073 , 1854 , etc.

In meaning, corresponds in general to Lat. a, ab or to the ablative case, in Glosses used to represent either. Hence by analogy after arbeir biuth = Lat. utitur: ho n-erberad biuth (gl. qua oratione sit usurus), Ml. 48a5 , cf. 48b12 . hua n-erbirmis biuth which we spent, 135d3 (gl. ex illo tempore quo degebamus [in Aegypto] `in which we lived'; the glossator perhaps mis- understood the Lat. construction). Cf. also Hib. Min. 13.438 : aranni arbar bith inn aesa dilmain on bethaid shuthain = eo quod scilicet vitâ aeternâ fruitur; `because the lawful people enjoy life everlasting', Meyer, but the construction is not clear. Similarly Enchir. Aug. 79b : ut ratione utatur (.i. o cheill).

I Denoting separation from (lit. or fig.), after vbs.

(a) of motion: tóiniud flatho ó róma[nib], Wb. 26a5 . eirg ón muicc ! get away from, IT i 104.13 , cf. do duit uaim be off! 214.19 . imreitís úathu ┐ chuccu to and fro from them, TBC-LL¹ 3557. na daíne claenus o t'aithnib who swerve from, PH 7303. atracht [Christ] . . . o marbu, 1854 . regaid cech n-olc uaib, 2102 . dochuáid úait in curathmír you have lost, FB 43. go rachadh a thir ┐ a dhúthaidh uaidh, ZCP ii 558.27 . Putting, sending, casting (away), etc.: léic uáit inna biada mílsi put away, Wb. 6c7 . ros-lá úad uli sent them all away, Mon. Tall. 23. sín in láimh uait stretch forth thy hand, Ériu iv 118.13 . focheird a adbena . . . úad, TBC-LL¹ 1076. sróna na n-ech . . . ac súgud grene ┐ gaíthe uathu ┐ chuccu exhaling and inhaling, 5064 .

(b) taking from: oc tabairt tana bó uait carrying off thy herd, IT i 101.24 . dia ructhar ar mna doera uand, TBC-LL¹ 1130 (= úan LU). co mbert a mac huaithi, ZCP viii 310.37 . dobered . . . búaid ṁbáire . . . ona tri cóictaib maccaem, TBC-LL¹ 971. cidh bé doberadh buaidh catha ona naimdib, Maund. 10.

(c) desisting, hindering: anad o pecdaib, PH 3455. in rí tairmisces a chloidem o fhuil (= qui prohibet . . . a sanguine), 4213 .

(d) preserving, delivering, etc.: condanfírianichthi úadib (sc. a peccatis nostris), Wb. 2d14 . dlegar do neuch a chongmail uadi to keep away from her, Mon. Tall. 14. dia coimet on índdirge, PH 1009. ros-glan Dia in tempul on uli élned, 2098 . ro saerait . . . o bas, 412 . ro thuaslaicset . . . popul na ngénnte o fhógnum hídal , 4565 . Similarly after adjs. denoting exemp- tion, etc.: bid slan tú o fholaid Christ `free from the enmity of C.', PH 803. isam nemchintach-sa o fhuil in duine noim, 3282 . Cf. is fáss ó comarbaib féin hí (the steading) is empty of its own inheritors, BColm. 78.14 .

II Origin, source from which someth. comes or is obtained:

(a) after copula or subst. vb., expressed or understood: is húad cach n-ecne all wisdom is from Him, Wb. 7c15 . rop saiget húan fri demnai, Hy. i 20. is ond nemud a n-incoimet `they are to be minded by the "nemedh"-person', Laws iv 180.20 . is eiric tairsce uadaib and `it is the fine . . . that is due from them for it', 138.8 Comm. ná bith fochunn uaimm fein dom aecṅduch let me give no cause to speak evil of me, Wb. 11c1 . gach lá saire er a fhuil cengul on eglais (= which the Church enjoins), PH 7373. na feich uilet uad asa faithchi which are due from him, Laws iv 28.15 Comm. After a noun: furóil serce ho Pool doib-som abundance of love from P., Wb. 14d30 . in fírinne hó hiris (= ex fide iustitia), 4d23 . gním uad feisin foir feisin action from himself on himself, Sg. 209b12 .

(b) after vbs. of motion: comma rí far ṅdígal huaim-se that vengeance for you may happen from me, Wb. 5d37 . ni fil uaidib som o nach ri (ónach ric LU) there is not one of them who cannot do it (lit. from whom it arrives not), TBC-LL¹ 684. ní tharnic úan do rád (= we failed to announce it), TBC-LL¹ 645. rangus ó Iruath 'na diaig (= Herod sent messengers after him), ZCP viii 115.1 .

(c) sending; bringing, taking : foídis E. techta úad fo Erind, IT i 118.32 . leig uait misi d'indsaigi na Teibi send me, TTebe 1025 . berar a n-imchumarcc huáib let a salutation be taken from you to them, Wb. 7b4 . ructha eipistil uad fon uli thalam, PH 1171. doberdis audpartai dosom ó Máolrúoin, Mon. Tall. 10.

(d) receiving, getting: in doínecht araróit som ónni which he hath assumed from us, Wb. 4b19 . ni hetus huaim fess ri fer, IT i 120.22 . fogebtís mor d'ulcc ona naimtiu, PH 4049. ros- cendaig on Iudaide had bought it from, 55 . With ellipse: is ail dona mnáib ind eoin ucut úatsiu the women would like to get those birds from you (= would like you to get them those birds), SCC 5. Analogous: cech bo . . . no-mbligtis da trian blechta d'immarcraid uadib, IT i 72.6 . forodamair guasachtu . . . o latrandaib, PH 1659.

(e) asking, desiring: ro thothlaigset fortacht o Dia, PH 6292 . dom íarraidh úam ar éládh asking me to elope, Ériu ix 4.40 . cid is ailicc dúib húam? what do ye desire of me? iv 140.5 .

(f) hearing, learning, etc.: amal bid o Dia rachlóithe, Wb. 24d21 . cech dírúais ro Columb ó chille cualammar that we have heard from Colum C., RC xx 258 ( ACC 64 ) = o Chollum Ch., LU 866. sochide rodá-scrib húan many have transcribed it from us, BCr. 32b3 . uadh do sgriobhadh i lleabraib it was written down from his teaching, ZCP viii 116 x . is áil a fhis uaib I wish to find out from you, PH 1067. indis do cách creitfes uait, 2395 .

(g) this is prob. the orig. sense after vbs. of giving. In later Mid.Ir. and in Mod.Ir. ó is commonly used with the reflex. pron. after such vbs. damadh leis righe an c[h]uiccidh . . . dobheradh d'eicsibh uado he would give it away to poets, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919 v 93 § 21 . da tucadh duine cach uile festa uáidh, Maund. 181. tabraid dam in n-aiscid sin uaib, TTebe 3314 . an cath dobhéaridís uatha nó an braighde whether they should give battle or give hostages, Ériu i 81 § 14. Similarly after vbs. of saying: innis-[s]iu uait dam tell me, Ériu v 26.14 . inneosad uaim daoibh-se sain, Keat. ii 1645 (poem).

(h) to express derivation, descent: [regno] ondí as rex (gl. a rege), Sg. 156a1 . bid titio atinne ┐ titulus huadh ` titio' is a firebrand and `titulus' (is derived) from it, Hib. Min. 8.271 . is úadib Crist (= ex quibus [est] C. secundum carnem), Wb. 4c2 . madgénair ó Mairi, Fél. Prol. 251. in iat a tustige o ṅgenir? PH 2292. saíthi ór chin Ó Caímh from whom O'Keeffe has sprung, Ériu iv 218 § 26. Gaidel glas . . . o tat Gaidil, MacCarthy 288.1 . bid uad Heriu co brath Érin will be (inherited) by his posterity, RC xxiv 192.9 . is húait bias flaith for hÉirinn co bráth, ZCP viii 318.3 . Dondchad ní fil huad D. has left no posterity, 296.18 . dia mbad o Uib Neill . . . in rige if the king- dom were held by one of the O'Neills, Ériu v 232.11 .

(i) after vbs. of naming, calling, after, from: o máthair ro hainmniged (of Concobar mac Nessa), Ériu iv 22 § 1. do- bretha ainm fair o anmum in tsrotha, RC vi 177.110 . an t-én ceileabhrus do chách | uadh sloinnfidher é (i.e. he will be named Lonán from `lon' a blackbird), ZCP viii 109.22 . uait do gairmeadh ainm an taoisigh, Keat. Poems 1530.

(j) in sense hailing from, coming from: fer . . . on Antuaig a man of Antioch, PH 284. on Effis dam I am from Ephesus, 1058 . in sab . . . ó Óendruim, Fél. June 23 . in maccáin ó Bethil, Dec. 28. Occas. after titles: cing o Nuibie king of Nubia, ZCP vi 56.24 . iarla o Barbuicc earl of Warwick, 24.16 . (analogically) iarlacht o Bharbhuicc, ib. 4 .

(k) used with refl. pers. pron. on the part of; of oneself, of one's own accord : ni uaínn fesine ataam for tectiri (gl. non quod sufficientes simus cogitare aliquid a nobis), Wb. 15a13 , perh. rather to be referred to (c). huadib féissna . . . non ab alio , gl. per se [pati demonstrant], Sg. 144b1 . línaid [na dabcha] uatha fein fill of themselves, Maund. 18. osclaigid . . . na doirsi uathaib fein, RC xii 334.3 . Cf. méin mhaith uaibh- se gé do fhuair, | uaidh féin as uaisle flaith Fáil is noblest on his own account, Ir. Monthly 1919, 399.16 .

Analogous are the follg. exx. in which ó is used after an adj.: gebe duine deradh . . . nach fior uaim a raidhim, Rel. Celt. ii 292 y . amhnáirech uan aighed ort it is presumptuous of us to face thee, IGT Dec. ex. 1388. Cf. na daeine onab eolach leabur do legadh who know how to read (?), Maund. 117 (leg. donab?).

III Cause (closely akin to preceding): is o aicniud pectho doforchosalsam it is from (our) sinful nature that we have trans- gressed, Wb. 21b4 . is borb . . . cech duine on gentligecht `through paganism every one becomes rude', PH 725. is ó duthracht a menman badéin dochoid (= ductus voluntate animi), 4742 . relta . . . onid sorcha in bith, BColm. 32.25 . bid subach sind ma dubach ind on aithrigi I shall be happy if I am sorrowful through penitence, ACL iii 234 § 8. an duine chuimetus a run ona aithne de who keeps a secret because bidden to do so, Ériu v 128 § 31. dergfait cloidbe . . . beit úada gan maithius they will gain nothing thereby, ZCP iii 32.18 .

Of persons (regarded as cause of a certain state): cia orb halachta in chumal, Lat. Lives 65.8 . fá torrach uad fein í, TTebe 4800 . is imda ledartha ┐ cuirp tholla annso uadha (= he has left many mangled corpses), ZCP xiii 244.11 . an cúiger druadh . . . an cuigead uadh dob ḟuigleach the province was left a remnant by them, Ériu iv 222 § 38. gan fear 'na bheathaidh aguinne ó Chonn is óa thriathaib, ML 38.2 .

IV Material from which someth. is made: dorigéni Dia corp duini ó ilballaib, Wb. 12a29 . ainmidhi cumuscdha ó dhuine ┐ ó tharb (of the Minotaur), ZCP iv 239.3 . To this head belongs the idiomatic use of do-airissethar with ó = consists of (in), prob. an imitation of Lat. consistere, constare with abl.: is hi ernaigthe thairises ón airem rúnda (= oratio consistens consecrato numero), PH 8026. in tíí tairises . . . o dib n-aicen- taib .i. hon doenacht ┐ o diadacht, 6782 ; cf. 7091 . co tarsidar o .x. tetaib (the harp) consists of ten strings, Hib. Min. 1.20 , cf. 2.25 . is on deda-sa immefolangar cach dune findbathach (= de his duobus beatus homo efficitur), 13.432 . Analogous: o thochaiter . . . in bliadain uile o chóic lathib sescait [leg. -at] ar tri cetaib (= per trecentos . . . dies annus ducitur), PH 4934.

V Instrument :

(a) in strict sense: a n-asberthar ho giun what is uttered by mouth, Wb. 5d14 . ni labrátar uili ó ilbélrib all do not speak with many tongues, 12b22 . in sians ondid accobor limsa ícc cáich by which I wish to save every one, 12d23 , cf. 5c16 . arnaib gnimaib són dungniat som honaib ballaib hisin which they do with those members, Ml. 56b3 . combad ó lémum [léimim] dochúatár . . . tairse by leaping, FB 88. timchillid in coimdiu in cuthi o níul, PH 1223. in tíí rot-biath sib o maind nemda, 2825 . comba soleir duit o shuilib corpardha he, ZCP iv 384.10 . do chomarthaigh ó comhartha na croiche . . . é féin, BNnÉ 275 § 257. ros-eitseat o eirreadaibh dereoilibh clad themselves in wretched garments, CCath. 1073. ro ghabus oca cendsugud o briathraib áilghinaib, Ériu v 148.36 . la- brastar o bérlu aiṅglecdha, Ériu ii 100 § 7.

(b) after vbs. of filling, satisfying and kindred adjs.: in tí nach sástar o brethir Dé, PH 8381. ro línais mo meis o cech maith, 1359 . lan o rath in spiruta noim, 2258 . saithech o began satisfied with little, Ériu v 128.1 . coimlinta o dhaoinibh, Fl. Earls 258.2 .

(c) in adverbial expressions denoting way, manner, atten- dant circumstances: o nach mud etir (gl. omni modo), Sg. 25b11 . o tri modaib ordaigther in sollamainsea, PH 3600. o béss saegulla in secular fashion, Trip. 80.24 . munat ón chéill-si adeirthear in this sense, IGT Introd. § 28. gan shunnradh . . . ó shunnradh in an indefinite sense . . . in a definite one, § 73. as leó o cert an tsealb theirs by right, Leb. Gab.(i) i 254 n. 1 . go bhfuil agam ó dhligheadh . . . léim thar uimhir éigcinnte that I have a right to skip, Content. vi 86 . Rendering a Latin ablative: atbēla ō bhās, ITS xxxiv 58 § 29 (morte morieris, Gen. ii 17 ). na ro aiplium o thircur, ITS xxxiv 66 § 31 (ne forte moriamur, Gen. iii 3 ).

VI Agent (an extension of II):

(a) with passive vb.: cf. Enchir. Aug. 75a ( ZCP vii 482 ): quaestio . . . mihi (.i. dativus .i. óim) enodanda. amal non-nertar-ni ho dia, Wb. 14b13 . intí on gontar nech by whom some one is slain, Ériu iii 140.182 . tinólfaider uanni a muster will be made by us, CRR 22 (p. 32.6) . coro gabad o Iúdaidib ┐ coro crochad o míledu, PH 2363. cethri cinid . . . ó ngabtha rigi in domain, Ériu iv 174.5 . forfemdeass o neoch . . . techt 'na adhuicch none was able to oppose him, RC xiii 8.7 . ro forcóngradh ó Ṡenchan for filedaibh Erenn, ACL iii 4.21 .

Similarly with part. and participial adj.: adib scripthi-si ón spirut ye are written by the Spirit, Wb. 15a12 . ba hada- mraigthi . . . he ona hapstalu admired by, PH 685. Cf. also: peacadh Mhuire . . . ro ba ghlan uile ón Fhíréan, A. Ó Dálaigh li 10 (= ro ba ghlanta). mar tá tú uainne `the state I have brought Thee to', Dán Dé xviii 11.

(b) after verbal and kindred nouns (a later use than that of DO, the prep. commonly employed in Mid.Ir.): adrad in Maic óna trí druídib, Ériu ii 198.20 . arna rád ó tri húgdaraib, BColm. 2.11 . bás Anmchadha . . . ó Mhathghamhna, Ériu i 102.4 . trí conganta na nguthaidhe ó chonnsuinibh three cases in which vowels are reinforced by consonants, IGT Introd. § 18. gním an cét laí on dúilem, RC xxiv 372.10 . ata i cúibrech o ainglib Dé is held in chains by, PH 2038. a dhochar ón drochshaoghal `his sufferings from the cruel world', Dán Dé iv 12 .

VII In partitive sense, generally after an indef. or demonstr. pron. or numeral; in early Ir. only before pronouns, DE being used before subst. la nech huáin any one of us, Wb. 6b20 . cách uáib, 25a34 . rann uáibsi, 14c15 . is aen uaib nom- braithfi-sea, PH 2372. dias uaib two of you, Ériu i 118 § 10. cechtar bhuaind both of us, ZCP xiii 232.15 . antí bus coscrach uaib whichever of you conquers, TTebe 4392 . gibé uaibh lén háil coinntinn, Content. xxviii 59. tuarustal . . . da gach en- brucchaid uathaibh, ZCP viii 116 § 15. cethrar o marcachaib, Anecd. i 10.5 .

VIII Used with a noun to limit or define the application of a preceding adj. or noun:

(a) in respect of, with regard to , gen. after adj.: basa iudide ó écosc . . . nipsa iudide ó béssaib a Jew in appearance . . . a Jew in customs, Wb. 10d34 , 35 . marb hó thoil cholno dead as to the desire of the flesh, 19a17 . it hǽ ata dirgi ho chridiu upright in heart, Ml. 56a20 . cennais o menmain ┐ o fordreich, PH 1974. ba genmnaid o curp he, RC xii 334 z . do bhí . . . láidir ó bhríoghaibh, ITS xvi 2.20 . ro ócc o aeis too young in years, BCC § 63. gerb fada C.C. uatha ó corp . . . do bi sé faríu ó spiraid far from them in body . . . with them in spirit, § 274. cách fria chárus ó [oa, v.l.] thaig | inna árus ard-oenaig `each in due order by rank', Metr. Dinds. iv 150 y (`the house he lived in marked his social standing,' note). Cf. iii 368.41 : Medb ropo thúalnge ó [oa, v.l.] thaig = who was competent by virtue of her rank, descent? Similarly after a vb. or vn.: nech immaruimdethar o banscáil `who transgresses in respect of a woman', Ériu vii 140.1 . ar comaitecht do neuch o pecad `for accompanying someone in a sin', Mon. Tall. § 41. serc De o huilib nerttaib, o chridhi, o gnim, ACL iii 312 § 1. In the follg. exx. the primary sense is locative: don leith ó tír on the land side, CCath. 1740. do leth ón muir, from the sea side, 1909 .

(b) about, concerning : don badbscel ro innis o chelib the tragic tale he told of his companions, FB 70. nídat fíra na scéla sin on fhir út, PH 2668. ná rab tathmet o Blathmac that there should be no memory of B., BColm. 20.10 . nirb ail léo labairt o maith to speak of good, Aisl. Tond. 114 § 2. gan (ó bheith aige) . . . gan (ó bheith na égmhais) `gan' [= O.Ir. ocon] of what one has . . . `gan' [= O.Ir. cen] of what one is without, IGT Introd. § 67.

IX Used of distance (in time, space or order), to denote the initial point of measurement.

(a) of time: ó thossuch from the beginning, Wb. 7b11 . huand uair nundabertatar filistindi from the time the Philistines carried it off, Ml. 82d9 . ón challaind co alaili, Fél. Prol. 325. ón chind bliadna ca chéile from one end of the year to the other, CRR 11. ó luan taite ṡamna co taite n-imbuilc, TBC-LL¹ 2900. in cóicatmad laa o dómnach na hesergi, PH 5414. o Adam co tanic Christ, 3665 . niconfacae óa gein gusan aidchi sin, Mon. Tall. § 67. ni ro gab nech aili rigi nErenn o Niall ille from (the time of) N. on, RC xxiv 202.11 . So in a number of stereotyped expressions: ó chéin long ago, ó chianaib, ó sin (ṡin) amach (anall, ille) from that time forth, ón tráth-sa.

Rarely used to express duration of time: ataat alai[li] feid- ligte ho aimsir who endure awhile, Ml. 21d4 (= ad tempus aliquos manere). ex parte .i. o aimsir bicc . . . .i. tempore tantum , Wb. 5c2 . not-cloifither anosa ┐ scērthar frit do cumachtu . . . o chéin `for long', PH 3890 (elsewhere in PH ó chéin = long ago; a mistake for co cian?). Of point of time: olaili laithiu (= in die quadam), Lat. Lives 16.13 . olailiu domnuch, 17.10 (= olaili laithi, Trip. 124.16 ; olaili domnach, ib. 7 ).

(b) space: noí n-imdada ó thenid co fraigid, FB 2 ( LU 8051 ). ó ó go erboll, TBC-LL¹ 6159. is cían uait airm in-das-fil, 884 . téora fuithairbi on tig, FB 20. mile ceimenn seachtair o ballaigip na Romha, Fl. Earls 194.16 . atá flaith adamra fri gnúis do gnúis dóib úathib sáerdes south-east of them (lit. from them south-eastwards), FA 5. is fada daine ┐ cathracha buain [= uain], ZCP vi 293.10 . In later Mid.Ir. ó is replaced to a great extent by óthá, q.v.

(b 2) 3 sg. m./n. as adv. since, hence : teora bliadna ūadh, ZCP v 501.w . truagh mo chur i gcolainn ’s gan dul uadh go hinnill 'sad is my incarnation unless I go hence safely' Ir. Syll. Poetry 35 § 11 , Celtica iii 336 n. 4 .

(c) of series of other kinds: ro hinnisidh a scélu o thus co derith, IT i 128.10 . cech olc dogné nech o bic co mor, PH 6432 . réalt is mo shoillsigheas . . . on ghealaigh amach (i.e. next to the moon), Corp. Astron. 80.27 . idir dhéirc . . . urnuighthe aifreann is gach deighghníomh oile ó shoin amach all other good works besides, Keat. iii 3040.

(d) with reflex. pron. after vbs. of seeing, viewing, at (an indefinite) distance from oneself: adchonnairc uadha an dabach he saw before him, Ériu iii 156 x . docunncadur longa uadha furan muir, ZCP vi 294.15 . tiagam . . . do deiscin uainn for fertais Locha E., TBC-LL¹ 602. o thuc aichne air uada when he had recognized him some way off, TTebe 3299 . ba ler disi tochim na sluag uaithi she could clearly see the hosts advancing, 2649 . dochonnarc uaim . . . maighdean, Keat. Poems 410. Similarly after a noun: tecoscis in gilla dó Ulaid ar cach leth úad pointed out (the places in) Ulster on every side, TBC-LL¹ 1212. na maic sin a hÉrnaib úan from the distant Erainn, Metr. Dinds. iii 70.57 . dochonncadar . . . ar chnocaibh uathaibh iad on hills in the distance, ML 62.10 . a léine as leascc leam húaim `his tunic I am loth to behold', KMMisc. 348.9 .

X After noun or vb. expressing want,

(a) of the person needing (an extension of I): nad rabi ní ba esbaid úad that he lacked nothing, FB 4. comtis failtigide [sic leg.] d'fagbail [sic leg.] stelli a hesbaid uathib that they might rejoice the more to find the star because it had disappeared from them, PH 7013. nach tessta do treigib rigachta uadha that he lacked no royal characteristics, RC x 182.4 . In late lang. common after subst. vb.: atá ní uaim I am without; I want : ná bí uaim acht agam `be mine, keep not aloof', A. Ó Dálaigh l 17. biaidh uainne go bráth ag Íor tús ar gcreach we have forfeited for ever to I. the leadership of our raids, Content. xxviii 31. isin laithe . . . in badh móo ro baoi úaidhibh for chalma do dhenomh when they had most need to show valour, Hugh Roe 316.19 (f. 82b) . an ni a bhios uaidhe d'faghail, Luc. Fid. 200.6 . Cf. cia hé an duine . . . do rachadh gan ádhbhar mor uaidh air gusan áit a mbiadh pláigh? without strong reason for it, Mac Aingil 211.8 .

In follg. exx. the prep. is equivalent to the dat. incommodi: duine . . . óna bhfuair moran da cairdib . . . bās many of whose friends had died, BCC § 109. in airdríghan ro bo marbh uadha féin whom he had lost by death, CCath. 1454. gur leor uireas- bhadh Thuaithe R. .i. O Flannagáin do mharbhadh uatha the loss sustained by the T.R. through the fall of O'F., Maguires of F. § 17.

(b) rarely of the thing needed; this construction seems con- fined to the vb. adilcnigidir and may be an imitation of the Lat. constr. of egere, indigere with abl. ata coicthi ón aidilcnig- thir ecna ┐ latar na psalmb five things which the knowledge . . . of the psalms requires, Hib. Min. 8.245 . ni aidilcniget o nach airchisecht, Alex. 851 , cf. 849 . co ro aidilgniged Ísu o fortacht aingel (= indigebat adiutorio angelorum), PH 4841 , cf. 6256 .

pontific

Cite this: eDIL s.v. pontific or dil.ie/34466

 

n m. (Lat. pontifex) a high-priest : g p. crodacht na pontifici hídal-adarthach, PH 404 .

tarraing, tairring

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tarraing, tairring or dil.ie/40137

 

Forms: —e, tarrang, tarrang, tairreng, tarrang, tairreang, tarraing, tárronga, ttarruingthe

n f. vn. of do-srenga. IGT Decl. § 13 ( 65.z . g s. —e). n s. also tarrang. tarrang tairreng o, m., § 11 (54.7) . tarrang, Desid. 1249 . tairreang, 3777 . The form tarraing is found as g s. in Early Mod. Ir. ( IGT Decl. ex. 367 = DDána 57.3 ). Note also gléus tárronga , John iv 11 (1810) . do chum ar ttarruingthe , Desid. 64.

I In concrete meanings.

(a) drawing, pulling, dragging : sesca dam dia t.¤ na hénmuici, Sc.M² 7. 31 . do th.¤ in hidail as a inad, PH 2078 . tucastar T. trentairring air, TTebe 261 . t.¤ in gai as in aludh to pull the spear out of the wound, Laws v 492.15 Comm. idh ... as an ccomhladh fri a t.¤ chucca a ring in the door by which to pull it towards them, AFM vi 1898.5 . na heachraidhi ... ag trēn-t.¤ a gcōistidhi, Fl. Earls 186.12 .

(b) pulling out, tearing away : mirti ... arna t.¤ a tendtaib talman, TTebe 1564 . ag t.¤ a fuilt tearing her hair, Études Celt. i 83.3 . ag t.¤ na leinedh ... da chorp, Stair Erc. 2511 . a ttáobh rioghacht do tharruing súas ┐ do leagadh síos `to pluck up, and to pull down,' Jeremiah xviii 7.

(c) drawing, tearing asunder with horses (a form of execution) : a th.¤ edir eachaibh, AFM iii 426.14 . drong do th.¤ o chéle dibh, iii 550. y . iter chrochad ┐ marbad ┐ t.¤ , Ann. Conn. 1333.2 .

(d) drawing in a net : 's an líon t.¤ i dtá sinn | go lá a th.¤ ní thuigim and the dragnet (?) in which I am caught ... till it is drawn in, DDána 57.3 . ? Cf. fág líon a tharruing astteagh | líon a cCalluinn sul chuirthear, IGT Decl. ex. 457 . luath-foibirt cacha srotha .i. slan aen-t.¤ in lin `one pull at the net,' Laws v 482.24 , 484.10 (text and Comm.).

(e) attraction (of heavenly bodies) : as mar sin tairrnges an re uisci na fairrgi ... ┐ an trat scuires se don t.¤ sin and when that attraction ceases, Ir. Astr. Tr. 46.28 .

II In concrete meanings of a less literal nature.

(a) drawing, directing, carrying (of water, etc.) : [.iii. tir] dár nach usu in tuisci da th.¤ , Laws iv 214.24 Comm. co mba hecin di usce na Temrach da th.¤ `that she was compelled to draw the water of Tara,' RC xxiv 190.8 . ag t.¤ deoch | a gallaing drawing wines from galleons, DDána 91.53 . dochum ... nach dtiocfa mé annso da th.¤ (of water), John iv 15.

(b) drawing (breath) : go ttug anam diobh tarrang dia anail forsan righ, BNnÉ 185 . x. ac tairring an aoir cuigi, Rosa Angl. 106.16 . ag t.¤ a anáile, TSh. 1896.

(c) Med. drawing (blood, etc.) : is uada sin (i.e. certain parts of the body) is coir an tairring do denumh, Rosa Angl. 32.16 . fognuid tairring ann sin tunc competit pharmacia, 54.8 . gebe neach da tabair purgoid ... nach incoisg don tarrang no gu ngaba tart e `the purging should not be ceased,' Éigse iii 108.8 . da mbia tairring laidir let atis don sgairt cleib ` tension ,' Rosa Angl. 184.11 .

(d) extracting, translating, copying (of books) : trāchtad annso arna thairring a leabraib laidianda, ZCP xii 294.4 . An Teagasg Críosduidhe ... air na tharruing ... as bréithir shoilléir Dé, Donlevy ii 6 . an obairsi do tharrang a Laidin a n-Gaedilg, O'Don. Gram. 290.

(e) a written character, letter : tairring sothuicsinach donīther ar in meamram, ZCP xii 294.14 .

(f) making for, going towards (with various prepp.) : Maghnus ... d'elodh esde ┐ t.¤ go caislén locha an sccuir, AFM iv 718.3 . an chríoch dheigheanach dochum a bfhoilmíd uile ag tairreng, Ó Héodhusa 47.3.

III In abstract senses.

(a) inducing, inciting, instigation : na huli Cristaige ... do th.¤ co hadrad hídal , PH 365 . dochum na n-eiriciodh féin do thairreang chum creidimh, Desid. 4386 . Cathal ... do marbhadh do gallaibh ar t.¤ Mic Fheorais `by the procurement of,' AFM iii 380.17 . Cf. do chuir tarruing ar O Neill chuige `he summoned O'N. to him,' L. Chl. S. 18.18 . do thuitim iar t.¤ ceilcce da combrathair fair `having been treacherously betrayed,' AFM vi 2016.z . robaí cuid dóibh-sidhe a tt.¤ Shémais `these were in confederacy with James,' v 1714.8 .

(b) fer t.¤ inciter, ringleader (?): badh é an t-oineach mh'fear tarroing (` decoy (?)'), Ériu ix 163 § 6 . fear [tarraing] ... é dá chloinn | i gcion Ádhaimh ` leader ,' Dán Dé xv 15 . mar th.¤ `as an advance guard,' Content. xxii 23 . t.¤ eolach arrachta `leader,' Aithd. D. 80.29 n.

(c) drawing on oneself, incurring (of love, anger, etc.): do tharroing ar dtola oraibhsi seach chach eile, RC iv 352.3 (O'Cl.). eagla a easgcáirdeasa do th.¤ orainn, TSh. 5441.

(d) Various: ac t.¤ a feadma ... astu making use of them (oxen), Laws iii 268.17 . do sheanfhoclaibh ... dobadh tarbhach do th.¤ chum gnáthaigthe, Desid. 31 . ? masad tánacais dom brath | 's do th.¤ mo shaegulrath `to curtail my gift of life,' SG 57.10 . ? Cf. tréan t.¤ a-tá gar mbrath | an corp codaltach craosach, Aithd. D. 80.29 . Of family descent: an chaor shlóigh tanig tar tuinn | doibh atámuid da th.¤ I am showing him to be descended from, A V 2, 27 . ag iarraidh síodha do th.¤ idir Laighnibh ┐ rígh Mumhan `to arrange peace,' Keat. iii 3184 . gach faraire ... do thairg | tarrang a mbeatha fá bhratachaibh imchéine `every champion who tried to eke out his livelihood,' Ó Bruad. iii 20.

Compd.: tucustair tendad ┐ tarraing-drutad ... fair `dragging and squeezing,' CCath. 2958.

trelam

Cite this: eDIL s.v. trelam or dil.ie/41768

 

Forms: trealaighi, trealaidi

n o, m. IGT Decl. § 17 (71.21) . Cf. pl. trealaighi, trealaidi, ZCP vi 32.12 , 71.28 . furniture, equipment, gear .

(a) Of houses: trelum a thighe, Laws v 288.7 Comm. ni facutar do threlmaib ann acht mad oen stól becc, Todd Lect. vi 44.8 . treathlamh an tíghe `household stuff,' Eg. Gl. 2.

(b) Of armour, weapons, engines of war, etc.: dae ard as a frém laime luiter, combi t.¤ tenn `whose root of arm is exerted so that it becomes a firm weapon of battle,' Laws iv 350.4 . mani fil a trelom nacha n-innill etir (a chariot), LU 6382 . dothoṅgusa ... darm th.¤ , TBFr. 184 . eri ... do trealmaibh gaiscidh, TBC-LL¹ 2240 . t.¤ fuaparta, 1090 . trelmha diubhraicthi `balistas,' CCath. 1854 . t.¤ scailte múr, 3640 . dar trealmaib timtirechtai a anala (i.e. the mouthpiece of his armour), 4701 . co na ttrealmhaibh diubhraicthi .i. fidhbhaca co na saighetbolccaibh, AFM vi 1978.2 . tréig ... do trealamh leinbh | ... | sir do chuladh gcaithmhílidh, DDána 97.33 .

(c) Various applications: trelma soersi Joseph `J.'s implements of trade,' Todd Lect. vi 44.9 . in hidal cus-na huli threlmu do-ronait do fén, PH 2083 . curach cona t.¤ , Ériu iii 164.4 . t.¤ scribind writing materials, LB 225a22 . trealamh do chinn `the tire of thy head,' Ezekiel xxiv 17.

uile

Cite this: eDIL s.v. uile or dil.ie/42968
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: anuilese, huile, n-uile, huile, huli, huili, huile, huile, huiliu, huili, huili, nule, hulib, ulib, huilib, uile, uile, uili, nuiled(il)gent, huleloiscthi, huile, uile, huile, uile, huile, uile, uile, huile, nuile, huile, huile, huilibh, uile, uile, uli, uli, uli, uile, nuile, uile, uile, uile, uile, uile, uile, uile, uli, uli, uli, uli, uli, ule, huile, huili, huili, huile, huile, huile, huile, uile, huili, huili, huli, huilib, huilib, hulib, hulib, hulib, huile, nuli, uli, uli

adj io-iā all, every, the whole :

I The follg. usages occur in the Glosses:

(a) io, n., with art. and corresponding to Lat. omne, totum: n s. atá lib anuilese , Wb. 16c8 . anuile dorairngert Dia ... duneuch ... doindnastar dún anuile sin, Ml. 46c20 . a s. hóre dorrigeni Crist anuileso erunn, Wb. 15d13 . nadnderginisom anuilesin, Ml. 23c15 . cip hé ade asberam honarroet doinacht . anuile araroet, 25d11 . Cf. in huile (gl. totum), 15b9 . in n-uile (gl. omne [corpus]), Sg. 3b9 (`the masc. art. is used as Ir. corp is masc.' Thes.). d s. in belrai .i. is and atá gním tengad is indhuiliu labramarni, Ml. 31b23 . n p. ceine no soifesiu .i. is ed a erat fritammiurat inna huli remiaerbartmar, 33a1 . a p. ma dugneu inna hu[l]i (? corr. Ascoli) remiaerburt, 23c24 .

(b) without art. and corresponding to Lat. totum: huile ar rain `the whole for the part,' Ml. 16b16 . Cf. hule aráin, ib. 15 .

(c) in pl. qual. subj. of verb, or pron.=Lat. omnes: ataat uili isin chorpsin, Wb. 12a16 . rethit huili, 11a4 . huli (gl. votis commonibus), Ml. 133c12 . dumberat huili , 40c21 . Agreeing with infixed pron.: hóre aruntáa uili techt ar chenn Crist do mess fornn `it remains for us all,' Wb. 25d25 . dosnaidlibea uili `He will visit them all,' 25d14 . After prep. pron.: is friu huili atbeirsom ón `to them all,' 27c18 . is galar leu uili mabed galar issind oínbull, 12b10 . cia rubé cen ní diib ni rubai cenaib huli, Ml. 20d4 .

(d) with art. preceding subst. sing. or pl.: n s f. ind huile huall (gl. adrogantia omnis), Ml. 43c17 . n s m. int huile talam, 45d8 . a s f. nolínfed preceupt a soscelai innule [sic] cuaird in talman, 25a8 . g s m. comalnad ind huili rechto (gl. universae legis), Wb. 20a12 . g s n. ind huili ceneli doine, Ml. 81d1 . d s. m. dun huiliu iarbunatattu (gl. posteritati cunctae), 45b20 . d s. n. ni derscaigi dind huiliu cheneul (ref. to ad totum genus ), Sg. 40a17 . n p m. is follus ... ronictha ind huli doini rochreitset inchollugud Crist, Ml. 60b16 . v p. a huili hireschu, Wb. 8a15 . a p. frisna huili deithidnea, Ml. 43a23 . g p. esseírge inna nuile marb, Wb. 13d16 . inna nule cristide, Ml. 66b8 . tri chocetal inna nule ṅdule, 145c4 . d p. arnaib huilib geintib écnib, Wb. 1b6 . cosnaib hulib dulib, Ml. 26a8 . donaib ulib athisib, 33c7 . dunaib huilib indirsib, 35a21 .

For this use in later lang. see below, II (g).

(e) without art. before subst. sing. or pl.: huile tír tairngeri, Ml. 102a5 . noch is ule tír tairngeri ón, 137b6 . uile lánae diuínitatis (gl. omnem plenitudinem), Wb. 26d3 . huili doini talman, Ml. 61a16 .

(f) following subst. which it qualifies: a llaa nuile ón the whole day , Ml. 108a8 . a nnuiedniss[e] uile, Wb. 15b2 . g s. indócbale fetarlice uile , 15a25 . indocbál nuíednisse uile (leg. nuíednissi uili), 27 . d s. ar in duiniu huiliu són, Ml. 54b11 . ar in chorp huiliu, 60b16 . n p. ind rétai sin huili, Wb. 5c16 . Israheldai huli, Ml. 34d20 . Romándi huili, Sg. 31b6 . d p. du Israheldaib hulib, Ml. 101c4 .

(g) following a subst. and qualifying a prec. poss.: a mmunta[r] huile `all their household,' Wb. 27d12 . a ta[d]chur huli `the return of them all,' Ml. 34d20 (see II (i).

Compds.: á nuiled(il)gent , `to destroy them utterly,' Ml. 33c13 . ind huleloiscthi (gl. holocausta), Ml. 60b13 . With vb.: dian uilemarbaesiu a naimtea if Thou utterly slay , 77a12 . nisnulemairbfe Thou wilt not wholly slay them , ib. 15 .

II Exx. from later documents:

(a) all things (Lat. omnia): inna huili adcotaiset do thalmain ┐ do ecailsib, Trip.² 719 . o'tchúalatar ... inna huili dogníd P., 1032 . húair rosáraigsem Dia dil | dorat dún na huilisin, SR 1518 .

(b) all ; everyone ; with verb or cop. (expressed or understood) : comgráda lem huili, Trip.² 1778 . ro creitset fóchétóir huili, 2632 . Cf. 2719 . 3092 . co mbatar huili im Adam, SR 1640 . gādamar huili Dia, 1699 . Cf. 5550 , 5746 , 1369 , 2169 , 5480 . noragdais huili oénbás, 4724 . robatar uli mále, | etir sethra is hinailte, i comlepaid ... I., 2977 . Cf. 3083 . dochuatar huile, 5400 . contúasiset fris uli, LU 1450 . cf. tocraid for ndrommand fri fraigid uli, 1486 . guidheam uile ar a son súd, Dán Dé ix 34 ( YBL 368b ). do líonsam uile d'omhain, TD 8.26 . it lim uile, RC vi 183.12 . ar batar uile i noentigh, 174.14 . dá bhfaicdís uile í, Ó Héodhusa 70.6 . do-gheibhmíd uile an bás, TSh. 48 . With sg. verb: is ed rochan huile (viz. na tri classa), Trip.² 311 . giolla ..., buachoill ..., bean ..., téid uile i n-aoineacht uaim, TD 22.17 . With independent pron.: bráthir sinn huile, SR 3493 . ní fhedamar, ar iat-san uili, Comp. CC 85.31 . Agreeing with infixed pron.: dosbér fo gin claidib uili, Trip.² 1922 . roslá úad uli `he sent them all away,' Mon. Tall. § 23 . dosnaircelae hule int saltair `the psalter restrains them all,' § 39 . dosbér uili i mbas, SR 2431 . nosbersa latt uile, LL 289b39 ( RC xiii 446z ). Cf. do rinnedh so uile, Matthew i 22 . With prep. pron.: foraib huile, SR 92 . uasdaib uili, 565 . doib huile , 8270 . ortha uile , TD 11.37 . Somet. u.¤ precedes the prep. pron.: ní buidhean chuire dod chloinn | acht cuireadh uile agoinn, Dán Dé xxii 15 . gan lámh ar gcúl uile againn, xix 18 . ar mbeith galrach uile dhóibh, TSh. 507 (cf. II (e) and (f), end of each section).

(c) With art. everybody ; all men : sg. ná bíom 's an uile acht d'éin-mhein, Ir. Monthly 1920, 597.34 . ní duine do chuaidh tar ceart | uain acht an uile i n-éineacht, Dán Dé xxii 3 . do saoradh uaibh an uile, DDána 10.25 . Mac do ionghuir an uile, 20.37 . don uile is umhal an Rí, Dán Dé ix 32 . gá cara don uile as fhearr, A. Ó Dálaigh xv 5 . an deoch ṡearbh do ibh don uile, IGT, Decl. ex. 704 . nách raibhe duine ar domhan | don uile dá átughadh, TD 20.18 . ag so an rí dhíolas gach neach | don uile idir bheag is mór, DDána 28.3 . fear feithmhe gach aoin don uile, 17.17 . n p. omnes .i. na huile , Ir. Gl. 72 . ro sochtsat na huile di hein, Trip.² 161 . dogníset atlaigthe buide inna huili, 573 . Cf. 1017 . ór caithfid na huile ... teacht isna corpaibh cédna, Ó Héodhusa 69.9 . do-gheibhid na huile bás i nÁdhamh, TSh. 511 . do pheacuigheadar na huile i nÁdhamh, 3174 . a p. dorogart [P.] inna huile, Trip.² 1016 . g p. bendacht for ríg na nhuile, Trip.² 1624 . Rí na n-uile, TD 34.38 . BColm. 74.30 . DDána 22.6 . a rí na n-uile is na n-aingeal, 13.8 . d p. doratas m'ór dona huilib, Trip.² 1056 . coimseach iad ar na huilibh, Ir. Monthly 1924, 587.14 . fiadh na huilip `openly,' Fl. Earls 124.10 . do na huilip do bhiadh dia lāthoir `to whomsoever would be present,' 30.9 . taisselbthor a gcuirp ... dona huilip, 96.26 .

(d) with cách everyone : do chach uile ni hamdess, LL 156a21 . is edh aderdís cách uili, ZCP xiii 199.17 . gabhus cách uili Eabha, Ériu iv 118 § 32 . dochuadar cách uile uainn, Dán Dé viii 2 . cách uili ... a dul ina gnais, Études Celt. i 80.15 . a s. báithfidh cách uile d'éanláimh, TD 7.36 . do-chluinim cách uile ag éag, DDána 25a29 . go cách uile ar an ardmhagh | margadh gnáth Muire maighdean, 24.16 . g s. tiodhlaicthe cháigh uile é, TD 25.36 . anmanna cáich uile th'ubhla, DDána 2.10 . d s. don ghrádh thug Críosd do chách uile, Dán Dé xix 24 . Preceding cách : ní bhí u.¤ cách coimhthrén, Studies 1924, 243 . With cach, cech (gach) óen : liaigh in cethramad duine | d'fios ghalar gach aoin uile `for diagnosis of all other men's disorders,' O'Gr. Cat. 579 (= cach aen-uile , ACL iii 223.24 ).

Somet. repeated for emphasis : rāncatar uile uile | iter mīl ┐ duine ... | dar in tráigh, RC xxxvii 347 § 45 . robāite uile uile, § 50 . Cf. with il: ile, uile, ... | is diles duib acht oenchrann, SR 1087 . cansatar, ... | hili uli cantemus, 4040 . lucht na cathrach ... | hili, huili, ilmíli, ... | dochotar fo gin claideib, 5066 . hili huili dúili Dé, 7997 . co nhéirset hili huile, 8232 . ili huile (leg. huili, Wortk. 129 ), 4179 .

(e) Preceding its subst., which is defined by a poss. or a following gen., and is sometimes apparently undeclined the whole ; all ; every : ro tinoilset ... uli shacart na tempul PH 2119 . uli airchindig na sacart, 3204 . forffailtigis uile chroide ┐ inntinn an airdespoig, Fl. Earls 144.4 . ag a ffuilit uile loighighecht secht primeglus na Romha, 98.22 . mo uli lebar do badud, PH 2243 . a uile mhaitheas saoghalta, TSh. 2835 . is iat gabait ule feranna na Indiae, LU 104 . cona uile muintir, 248 . in dunad cona uile maithius, RC xii 330. 21 . ro indis huile rúine Crist, Trip.² 16 . dorat a uli ór ┐ indmasa do bochtaibh, PH 1127 . Cf. siridh uile fiadh fuinidh, TD 10.26 . níor gheallas uile a ríomh sin, Content. xiv 41 . cuir h'uile dhóigh ... am Mac, Fl. Earls 116.7 . adfed do uile imthuss na ttigernadh, 22.19 . ot'uli cride, PH 449 . ina uile timchuairt, Fl. Earls 120.21 . cf. d'uile naision sa Christaigecht, 70.16 . ar uile mhacaibh an díomusa, TSh. 626 . dot uile chomhorbaib, RSClára 70a .

With prep. or poss. between u.¤ and subst.: robadh sníomh uile d’Ulltoibh, Celtica v 166 §17 (= uile o U., Oss. v 297 . Book of O'Conor Don 187 ). co tarnic dosom uli a scel d'aissnes, PH 639 .

In coralád huili a ndergár, SR 5100 , u.¤ qualifies the poss. (cf. I (g), II (i)).

(f) With cach (cech), gach: lé gach uile bhreithir dá dtig a béul Dia, Matthew iv 4 . gach uile dhuine, Desid. 1522 . gach uile ní, 5767 .

With cach following u.¤ : cor mharb uli cech duine is a cairdius boi fris, LB 142b33 .

(g) With art., and preceding its subst., (cf. I (d) cf. Ériu xlix 45-70 , li 181 . In IGT., Decl. § 20 the usage given is: n s. in uile ḟer, d s. don uile ḟer, g s. na huile (nuile C) ḟer, n p. na huile ḟer, a p. na huile ḟer (ḟera C2), d p. dona huilibh fear, g p. na n-uile bhfer) the whole, all; every : n s. int uile doman, Trip.² 65 . in uli domun, PH 3618 . molsat in uli popul hé, 958 . cf. 1825 , 3284 . rofailtig in uli cathir, 1920 . ticdis in uli hidal , LB 187a19 . in uli shacart, PH 2159 . in uli dúl, Ériu ii 200.16 . an uile ṡiur, RSClára, 77b . an uile mhaith ... an uile olc, TSh. 1365 - 6 . a nuile gheinealach, Matthew i 17 . With pl. subst.: an uile dhaoine, Ó Héodhusa 56.3 . a s. croithfaid in nhuili ndomun, SR 8104 . is e connic ind uli dúl, Alex. 450 . ro gairm P. in uli popul Iúdaide chuice, PH 2807 . do ghabh an uile ḟearann, TD 32.25 . iarrais an uile dhomhan, 20.40 . achtamaoid an uile achrann ... a réidhteach, O'Rah. xxxii 49 . With pl. subst.: ro thinoiliusa ... ina huli firu nóema ┐ in uli iressechu batar i nI., PH 1516 . g s. (a) rígi inna huili cuarta, Trip.² 2106 . ar cul na uli dúla, LU 4047 . slaníccid ind uli domuin, PH 1449 . cf. 361 . a bunad na huli buide, 162 . do thinchosc ... inna huli eclaisi, 5778 . tigerna in uli dúla LB 187a62 . athair ... an uile bhochtaine, RSClára 56b . iar gcur an uile ualaigh dhínn = deponentes omne pondus TSh. 10379 . ós cionn na huile gharma, 8467 . augdar ... na huile hsithchana, Fl. Earls 124.14 . (b) eter maccu in uli bannscal = inter natos mulierum, PH 883 . rátha na huile dhūl, FDG 5 v.l. réalta iúil an uile bhan, A. Ó Dálaigh xiv 3 . a thrénlámh an uili ḟear (lochtach), IGT, Decl. ex. 1904.778 (= PBocht 23.46 ). do bhreith an uile ḟínné, DDána 121.14 . eang an uile cheathra (v.l. na nu.¤ ), TD 16.39 . d s. (a) don uli popul, PH 347 . isin uile dhomhnach, RSClára 83b . isin uile aimsir, 83a . san uile aimsir, Parrth. Anma 51 . don uile náem, ZCP v 497.20 . is é as reacht don uile ḟior, DDána 3.37 . gar a ghaol don uile ḟear, 23.4 . san uile bhan, PBocht 13.24 . don uile bhean (: maighdean), Arch. Hib. 1.100 . san uile chruth (cruth MSS), TD 23.15 . ón uile thalmhuidhecht, RSClára 66a . don uile ṡiair, 74b . (b) don uli dheeb, PH 1259 . ón uli thuathaib, Alex. 371 . don uli demnu, LB 187a20 . don uli noemu, ib. 29 . n p. (a) in uli noemu, PH 3888 . ind ule deamna, ZCP v 498.23 . ina huile Érennaig, Trip.² 258 . ro edbairthe inna huili edbarta sa do P., 733 . ro indarbtha inna huile dorchai, 1039 . na huili grada, SR 1646 . na huili anmanna, ACC 133 Comm. na huile pheacaidh, TSh. 5262 . na huile dhaoine, 434 . ina huile poipleacha, Fl. Earls 140.28 . (b) na huile en uile `all kinds of birds,' Laws iv 114.13 Comm. na huili cloch idir bec ┐ mór, RC xxviii 312 § 9 . na huili crann ┐ cloch, ib. § 10 . na huili marbh, 316 § 21 . na huili adhlucud, 314 § 17 . a p. inna huli nert, Thes. ii 357.1 (= nerta, Trip.² 3195 ). in té dorinde na huili maith, ZCP vi 59.18 . tresngata na huile dúile, Mon. Tall. § 85 . aitchem na huili duli | rodelb Dia, SR 1613 . co ruc lais na huli threlma batar aice, PH 65 . g p. (a) Ri na n-uile n-adbar n-án, SR 149 . cf. 554 . 2168 . Ri na n-huile noeb, 571 . tosach na huili dulai, Fen. 2z . a cind na n-uli n-olc `O head of all evils' PH 3928 . dúilem na n-uile ṅdúl, LB 226b22 . cend na n-uli n-arracht, 187a17 . (b) mor-airecht na n-uli Iúdaide, PH 3711 . do ṡaigid na n-uli ecl-, LB 187a35 . tairm na n-uili uisci, RC xxviii 310 § 2 . tigernda na nuili dulu, Fen. 2.8 . deilbh na n-uile dhúiledh, IGT, ex. 777 . os cinn na n-uile aingel, ex. 59 . rátha na nuile dúl, FDG 5 . o athair na n-uile dhūl, Book of O'Conor Don 89 § 12 (= DDána 38.28 ). athair na n-uile chumhacht, DDána 15.12 . rí na n-uile ainmhidheadh, TD 16.33 . d p. dona huilib anmannaib, SR 1036 . forsna huilib anmannaib, 1122 . dona huli iresechaib, PH 3599 . forna hulib eclaisib, 274 . is na hulib shétaib 7148 . arna hulib mirbuilib, Ériu ii 196 § 14 . isna huile pheacadhuibh, Mac Aingil 236 . dona huilip Chatoilcip, Fl. Earls 24.10 . dona huile naomhaibh, RSClára 70a . dona huli noemu, LB 187a29 . dona hulib demnu ib. 32 .

With art. between u.¤ and subst.: beirid uili in ferann, Laws iv 288.22 . dosnuc ... uile in muntirse, LL 289b41 ( RC xiii 448 ). robennachsom ule an tír, BColm. 90.22 . ri fotat huili na slóig, SR 3837 .

n (h) following its subst.: all, the whole : n s. doronad iarum ind ní sin huile, Mon. Tall. § 86 . in slúag | huili, SR 7689 . ro-buaidred ... in eclais Cristaige uli de-sin, PH 568 . ro-tinoiled ... a oes gráda uli, 379 . mo ré uile is fallsa ar fad, DDána 26.33 . beantar dhé ... | an éaraic uile anbháil, 39.4 . a s. ro in[ṡ]órchaigset a chúicc mér in mag n-uile, Trip.² 1447 . [ro bennach P.] in insi huile , 1785 . forácaib P. in teclaim sin huili, 2825 . ro selbsat in nEoroip n-uili, Rawl. 71a16 . orgit ... a ndún n-uli, LU 1524 . no-thruailled imorro anál ... na dracon-sin in n-aer uli, PH 337 . adaimset a peccad uli, 192 . ionnus gur bhronn sé a fhlaitheas uile don dá bhuachaill déag, TSh. 2798 . g s. co toroildind bendachtain do muindtirisi huli, Mon. Tall. § 25 . plag na primgeinne huili, SR 3937 . cend crábaid ┐ cretmi in baile uli he, PH 190 . d s. isind tsaltir nuli , Mon. Tall. § 16 . iar coistecht don popul uli fris, PH 2840 . ina flaithius uli , 4151 . do-bhéara an flaith duid, a dhuine, | cuid dá maith uile 'na íoc, DDána 15.16 (qual. íoc ?). n p. bátar inna arrachta huili inna ligib, Trip.² 2288 . is ed a cétna ro-raidset na hapstail uli, PH 3015 . is annsin ... ro-fácsat a apstail uli in slániccid, 3131 . a p. co tuc Ultu huili ... dochum puirt bethad, Trip.² 414 . d p. ós Ultaib huili, Trip.² 2666 . ro-lín dasacht ... in rig co n-a thimtirigib uli, PH 747 .

The subst. may have a dependent gen. between it and u.¤ : slaníccid ... shíl Adaim uli, PH 2982 . for Úu Hercán huili, Trip.² 2205 . cf. do lucht inna Héirend huile, 1372 . daghmhnā na talmhan uile, DDána 18.2 .

(i) following subst. but qualifying a prec. poss.: robbo accobar laisiom ... a faccbail uile, Mon. Tall. § 77 (see I (g)), and cf. II (e), end of section.

(j) Adverbial usage= in all, altogether : secht cet ule `seven hundred in all,' Mon. Tall. § 34 . cōic lēige uile `five leagues in all,' Fl. Earls 84.3 . cóigear ar fhichid uile | ó Ír san Réim Ríoghraidhe, Content. xxviii 37 . 'sníor áitigh a athardha | dá chloinn acht aonmhac uile, TD 32.19 . ní 'na beathaidh do bhí Muire | 's ní dheachaidh sí uile d'éag, PBocht 9.33 . Here perh. belong the following (but cf. cases of uile preceding art. or poss.): ni ar crích Ulad uili itám itir, LL 264a13 ( MU² 281 ). ní fuil acht brēc uli and, ACL iii 239 § 18 . rob la Dia athair uile in duine-sea!, 232z . nom-erbaim duit uile dom' dītin, ZCP vi 260.7 . subach uile na sluaig tall, ACL iii 233.22 . do chuireas uile im aghaidh Íosa gona easbalaibh, Dán Dé xi 6 . Cf. a lec fuine ar tosach uile `first of all,' Laws iv 10.24 Comm.

Compds.

(a) with subst.: ¤bádud utter destruction : do uili-bádhudh claindi Adhaim, CCath. 1018 . ¤bás: nonbur ra hulibásaib eturru `in death agonies,' MU 8.5 ( LL 262b24 ). ¤broidinēlacht: edach ... ier n-a uile-broidinēlacht lá hōr-snāithe `all embroidered ,' Fl. Earls 256.10 . ¤dílgend universal destruction : Ard Macha do loscadh ... uilidilgenn na tainic riam a nEirinn, RC xvii 350.12 . rochinnistair na doíni do huilidilgenn, Rawl. 70a8 . ¤éra an absolute refusal : arná digese fo uile éra, TTr.² 1455 . ¤ḟaisnéis: is eimilt iad re a n-uile-fhaisnēis `to enumerate them all,' Fl. Earls 100.28 . ¤innisin complete telling : uile-innissin in sceōil, 64.3 . ¤loscad a holocaust (cf. gl. holochaustum, Ml. 60b18 , and ib. 13 cited under I); act of burning up wholly: altóire criadh do dhéanamh mar a ndighéandaois a n-iodhbarta ┐ a n-uile-losgadh, TSh. 459 . iolosgadh, nó uile losgadh, mar i ndéantaoi an beathadhach uile do losgadh ann, Eochairsg. 32.5 . fa huile losgadh é (sc. Christ), ib. 10 . dorighne Solamh ule losgadh, ib. 32 . má's áil leat uile losgadh do dhéanamh, ib. 35 . ar n-a uile-losgadh lé teine grádha Dé, TSh. 387 . ¤thotaim complete falling : folaimastair huilethotaim, Trip.² 1736 .

adj (b) with adj.: ¤chumachtach omnipotent : oen Dia uli-chumachtach, PH 242 . a Dé uli-chumachtaig, 6564 . dena ... idbairt do Dia uli-cumachtach, PH 350 . mogaid ... in oen Dia uli-cumachtaig, 434 . oentu na trinóti uaisle uli-chumachtaigi, 4364 . As subst.: ná tarcuisnighsi smachtughadh an Uilechumhachtuigh, Job v 17 . uli-cumachtaig in talman, PH 3830 . ¤glas all-blue : graig aile ualann tar ais | co n-dath nime huleglais, Imr. Brain § 15 . ¤mór: iascroth amra hulimar ` huge ,' Hib. Min. 40.4 . ¤marb quite dead : missi crechtach ... | ocus tussu ulimarb, TBC-LL¹ 4153 . ¤pecthach ` all-sinful :' mei-se duine uli-pecthach, PH 5250 .

adv (c) rarely with vb.: ¤loscid burns completely, makes a holocaust of. rahuliloscit a feola, TTr. 177 ( LL 219b13 ).

Cf. in dream [d]no ulimarbta ann, CCath. 5988 `who were quite killed' (see I Compds.).