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2 a

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 a or dil.ie/3

Forms: á, e, a, a

In O.Ir. also á (see Celtica ii 339 - 40 ), e ( Thurn. Gramm. 285 ). Poss. adj. (proclitic form of , q.v.) of 3 s. m. and n. (leniting), 3 s. f. (geminating) and 3 pl. of all genders (nasal- ising). When a numeral intervenes between poss. and noun the usage fluctuates. The older is represented by a nda ara. LU 4729 , the later by a da nduma, LL 1541 , where the initial of the noun is mutated independently of the numeral. The poss. of the third person is also used in combinations such as adám my two, adád your two, adár our two. Similarly with trí. See Ériu xi 146 ff. and the numerals , trí.

For the forms in combination with prepositions see the several prepositions.

I Denoting possession, ownership, relationship, connection, etc.

(a) a thuaithe of his folk, Wb. 5a23 . a bullu `His members', 9d4 . a chnámi, 4d15 . á luum `their pilot', 4a14 . irroimed cách a chéele, 6d4 (see céile). ní diá geneluch, Trip.² 78 . a hétach her clothes, TBFr. 232 . a mmod ┐ a fit `her portion', Mon. Tall. 149.14 (§ 60) . inna mbossán LU 3231 ( SC § 2 ). al-lorga ┐ a mbachla their croziers, PH 5103 . gan fios a gcéille, Donl. vi 9 . co cend a seacht mbliadan till he was seven, ZCP xi 134. 31 .

With adjj. used substantivally. iss é a fír `that is the truth of it', BColm. 100.7 . ēill ngēisi . . . cia de bud ferr la hUltu a mbeō na a mmarb do brith dōib, TBC² 692 (perh. to be referred to II). bit lía a mairb and andat a mbí, LU 8266 ( FB 21 ).

(b) With copula in relative clauses expressing genitival relation ( Thurn. Gramm. 321 - 2 ). Cf. issa gl. quorum, Ml. 90c3 . intí asa ainm bís isnaib titlaib, 2c3 . Tenobi ata (= ata a) scél ro-c[h]lotha `of Tenobius whose tidings have been heard', Fél. Aug. 24 . in fer asa erbaid aire, Trip.² 408 . bennachais in ríg bá (= ba a) gaisced he blessed the king whose armour it was, LU 5048 (TBC). an mhaighden-so 'sa hainm an Tnūith this maiden whose name is envy, Desid. 1652 . Occasionally also with intervening adj.: na féle assa fortrén taitnem `of the feasts whose radiance is mighty', Fél. Prol. 330 . ata (= ata a) n-aidbli bríga `whose vigours are vast', Ep. 34. nocon ḟetar cúich in Cu/Culaind asa caini clú, LU 4561 (TBC). Note also: a bronnad aineclann cháich as a aí the honour price of each person who owns it (of a mill), Críth Gabl. 240 , ( Thurn. Gramm. 322 ).

With dat. of accompaniment, a oenur, a ndíis, a triur etc., see these words. On the construction tá sé ina ríg see Dillon ZCP xvii 307 ff. and prep. i.

(c) With nouns indicating quantity, portion (of something), likeness, etc. (for fuller treatment see the nouns concerned): ni ro-pheccaig . . . a becc in the smallest degree, PH 2622 . a bheag nó a mhór do thoirthibh, TSh. 3751 . denum-ne a choibes ┐ a macsamla, PH 119 . a thri chomméit three times as much, LU 8248 ( FB 19 ). nochon accasa riam a chutrumma anything to equal it, TBFr. 50 . ní áirmhim a leth nó a thrían gach a fúaras ó sin siar, ZCP viii 220 § 22 . tria tharmcruth- ugud a letheti `the like of it', PH 3091 . ara lin do gablaibh i fodlait(h)er grā[d] túa[i]the, Críth Gablach 4 . is e a mét ro-s-lín oman, PH 1121 . a shamail-seo do clochad, 7328 . dā dabaigh décc do lionn maith/a thrí urdāil do deghbraith, ZCP viii 116.1. i n-urmhōr the greater part of them, ML². 1825 . So also with adjj. compounded with com- e.g. a chomglan so, Maund. 22 .

II As objective gen. with vnn. of transitive verbs: á híc `his salvation' (that he has been saved), Wb. 2b11 . a marbad `killing them', 4a12 . ní arilset geinti a fírianugud, `the gen- tiles have not deserved to be justified' 4d10 . a chomalnad `to fulfil it', 5d10 . ma ad-ced torbe inna thec[h]t `if ye should see benefit in its going' (i.e. in so going), 11b22 . a bronnad, Críth Gabl. 240 . a indarpae `he must be banished', Mon. Tall. 147.32 (§ 54). dénam-ne an degaithris, let us worthily imitate them, ZCP viii 216.15 . dutracht lim a nguidhe I wish to pray to them, Ériu i 226. § 1 . ro-gab Petar uad-som a chairiugud Peter accepted his reproval (of himself) from him, PH 5892 . ada fis . . . araen . . . ada nanfis . . . imaraen, the knowledge . . . ignorance of both of them, Laws iii 276.18 . Hence in construction OC + vn.: occá sirḟegad imme anair, LU 2028 ( FA 10 ). aga thabhairt fo dera coimhéud na bochtaine, RSClára 41a .

With DO introducing agent: massu ed béso mó a fius dúibsi `the knowledge of it that ye have', Wb. 19b11 . act cuit a scribint domsa, 13a23 . ní fitir nech díb for araile a n-imch- ossait do Bricrind, LU 8251 ( FB 20 ). in pendit nopeinebad ind laoch . . . a denam do a mac tar a cend, Mon. Tall. 163.17 (§ 86) . With LA: ro aduim Sinoip a claí la hErcuil `that she had been defeated', St. Ercuil 1138 . With ó: ro-p áil dó a aimsiugud o diabul, PH 2020 .

With other nouns (with wide variation in the force of the poss.): a lóg the reward for it, Wb. 5d35 . a lúach soin don rí ní rug, IGT Decl. ex. 1271 . ricfaither a les do gille, Sc.M² § 7 (see less). dommanic amh a hadbur cause for it, Ériu v 72.15 . go dtugsad a rige do D. they gave the kingship of it to D., Ériu i 102 § 60 . bid lia turim a chath the combat for him, Sc.M² § 3 . nī cōir a chuma to grieve for him, Arch. iii 221.24 . a húamun fear of him, ZCP viii 218 § 20 . co naca fir Erenn . . . a reir uaimsea so that the men of Ireland may see me submitting to him, Ériu v 240.132 . d'fulair a grádh ar hIrúath by imposing love for herself on Herod, Ériu iv 178 § 29 . ferr les a sidh na a cocudh `that he would rather be on peaceful than on hostile terms with them', St. Ercuil 1859 . a aitherrach sin do fregra, Maund. 27 . aenduini nach fuair a soludh who did not profit by him, CCath. 1188 . pontifex a grēc p. is the Greek for it, ZCP viii 113.25 .

As subjective gen. with vnn. of intrans. vbs.: á buid `that it is', Wb. 11d3 . a mbith samlaid, Laws iv 212.2 . a éc he died, Ann. Inisf. 1075.2 . a ndul coríg Locha Léin that they should go, ZCP viii 316.7 . in gabul tirimm a beth fo blath, PH 1317 .

III In prolepsis.

(a) With follg. noun in gen. a dénum in maid sin, Wb. 1d7 . a masse in choirp `its, the body's, beauty', 28c25 . a n-athir inna fer, 4c1 . a ndírmann / in tríir imrádam, Fél. Oct. 11 . a cathim na raod sin, Mon. Tall. 132.22 (§ 13) . a n-andord mac n-Usnig, IT i 72.4 . dia fholcud a chind, TBFr. 256 . romórad dano a ainm Dé ┐ Colmáin, BColm. 54.6 .

Later also with nom.: nipa mor a glanad deitsiu ind chomairle dobeir Findio deit, Mon. Tall. 154.5 (§ 67) . mairg dá dtig a seac[h]na so / an teaghdhais i dtá Íosa, Dán Dé v 31 . a innisin . . . na hoibreacha, RS Clára 19a . With follg. DI (partitive): a foróil bess lib dinaib anib, Wb. 16c22 . is mór a thorbe de dúnni, 1a3 .

(b) With abstract noun forming adverbial phrase modify- ing verb of follg. rel. clause: is e a erat fritammiurat `that is the (lit. its) length of time they will hurt me', Ml. 33a1 . a lére ropridchissi, Wb. 24c17 . ba sed a barbardacht atraachtatar, MU² 494 . ara ḟoillsi ┐ ara imchuibde ro indis scéla Crist, Trip.² 13 . a imisle ro bui sé isin comlunn, St. Ercuil 1134 . a dhoimhne do chuaidh an cló, Dán Dé xxiii 24 . fo bhīthin a onōraighi airmitnighi rothaisspēin a s[h]upāilce mōr- thrōcairecha dhōip, Fl. Earls 170.22 . In the follg. the phrase is adjectival rather than adverbial: a lomnachtaighe fhágbhas an bás iad, TSh. 657 . a threise atá an chlí, Dán Dé xxiii 10 .

(c) Anticipating a following clause. With finite verb: is mó a fius deitsiu a ndo-rigeni di maith, Wb. 30a8 . a dérbad co n-id fír na hí atberimsi, PH 2036 . a lorgairecht cionnus congbhaidhther . . ., RSClára 135b . a mheas gur dlisdionach, Donl. vi 20 . Note also: aní rongéni ho gnimaib á epert, Ml. 31b24 . With vn.: dorucadar a buideachus risna deithib Ercuil d'iaraidh a n-ingine, St. Ercuil 937 . a thecht dim bas d'faghail don te, 2549 . a theacht de sin é do chailleamh an ghill, TSh. 10638 .

Common in compd. prepp., see dáil, degaid, deóin, dochum, éis, muin, son, etc.

2 adraid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 adraid or dil.ie/538

v (Lat. adhaerere? Regarded by Ped. ii 450 as same word as 1 adraid, and not always easily distinguished therefrom. See also Vendr. Lex. s.v. adr- and Etudes Celt. viii 311-4 . Marstrander, Lochlann ii 205 ). adheres to, follows; respects . (followed by accus. or prep. DI): comad hé tósech nóadhradh Fursa, BColm. 96.21 . do-adras ó ais lenaib / Domnall, Prolegomena 45 § 19 . fairce ruad adhruid failind `which the gulls haunt', BCC 294.1 . ní adhrad soin conair gcóir, Dán Dé xxxi 39 . giolla óg nar adhair ceilg, DDána 41.23 . With prep. DI (and DO?): ni aiderdais ind fir sin d'feassaibh na duilibh na dalaibh, TBC St. 3335 (= ni adiartaís ind fhir sein de fessaib etc., LL 10867 ). ni adraim do gothaib én, YBL 318b43 . adhair dot triath da mbe i tres, H 3.18, 37.35 . mairg nach adhrann dh'fhearaibh Bréifne, Magauran 3036 . dia hAoine do adhair dhé / gidh mór dá n-uair (dan uain, MS.) fhuair Muire, Dán Dé xx 46 . aidēr- aidh in t-ainm dī co brath, ML² 959 . ca' hainm dá n-adhrai? what name do you go by? Caithr. Thoirdh. 105.5 . ca cúis fa n-adhrai d'Accaill? (Fintan to the hawk of Aicill), Anecd. i 25 § 4. adrath do genus, Hib. Min. 41.24 . cid dia naidera d'oenlocht `why shall it cleave to a single blemish?' Auraic. 2076 . cibé adhras don umhlacht, TSh. 8153 . is di ro hadhair do chomairle in druadh, Laws iii 28.28 Comm. is messa rohadhrad de / cách do marbad a chēile `what has followed from it', Fianaig. 62.28 . With other prepp.: nir adhair snechta fairsium SG 34.15 . nir adair . . . aigned . . . Duibdiad i n-dreim dib sin, MR 180.6 . Part. of necess. dá fhíorghuidhe is adhartha, DDána 69.18 .

ad-teich

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-teich or dil.ie/583

Forms: atteoch, adeochasa, adeoch, addeoch-sa, aiteoch, atethach, ateich, atabtecham, aiteocham, ataich, attaig, aitchid, aitchem, adessam, adróethach, adróithach, atum-roethach-sa, atroithich, ataich, attachetar, attach, ataigid, aitchid

v *ad-(ath-?) -tech-, Ped. ii 639 ). Indic. pres. 1 s. atteoch, Thes. ii 349.1 (Hy. v). ateoch, 350.14 (Hy. vi), 353.5, .11 . adeochasa (adeochosa LU), TBC² 1030 . adeoch, 1031 . addeoch-sa, LL 1021 . aiteoch, ZCP vi 258.2 . ?atethach SR 817 (with inf. pron. 2 s.?). 3 s. ateich, Ml. 39b6 . 1 pl. atabtecham, ZCP vii 485 ( Enchir. Aug. 84b ). aiteocham, ZCP x 347 § 17 . Ipv. 2 s. ataich. Thes. ii 258.11 . attaig, SR 1618 . 2 pl. aitchid, LU 8391 ( FB § 26 ). 1 pl. aitchem, SR 1613 . Subj. pres. (fut., Ped.) 1 pl. adessam, Thes. ii 300.2 (Hy. i). Pret. and perf. 1 s. adróethach, Thes. ii 353.5 . adróithach, Fél. Ep. 301 . 2 s. atum-roethach-sa, IT iii 242.225 . 3 s. atroithich, ZCP vi 257 § 6 . ataich, TBC² 1551 (= conattecht, TBC 2184 ). 3 pl. ra attachetar , TBC 2744 . Vn. attach. Later as simple vb. ataigid, aitchid. IGT Verbs § 52 .

Lit. flees to, resorts to (see attach), but invariably in more abstract meanings.

(a) In the constr. a.¤ x fri y invokes x against y. adjures or beseeches y by or for the sake of x. In Ir. Lit. 30 ff. the phrase ateoch frit is used before each of a long list of items: ateoch frit, a Isu . . . do cethri suiscelaige, etc. the actual prayer (co nimragba, etc.) following p. 34. aitchid a chenel fri Bran `he adjures B. by his race', Rawl. B. 512 fo. 120c32 (Plummer MS. notes). ataich Cuchulaind fris a chomaltus ┐ a muimi diblinaib Scathaich C. appealed to him by his foster-brotherhood, TBC² 1551 . aitchidh ainm nDe re Brigit um ní do tabairt do asks B. in God's name to give him something, Lism. L 1316 . ō roataig-sim Colmān . . . riu `he adjured them by Colmán', BColm. 96.1 . attchim-se mo guide rutt, LL 374c23 . ro attaich Dia riss gan a clann d'easguine `she besought him for God's sake not to curse her children', TFrag. 102.9 .

(b) calls on, prays to, entreats: adiuro .i. atchim, Lor. Gild. 52 . arnādrīs iffernn uathach / ateoch in ríg adróethach (.i. roatchius) `that I may not go to awful hell, I beseech the King whom I have besought', Thes. ii 353.5 (Hy. vi). adróith- ach in rígraid / . . . / . . . atateochsa íaram, Fél. Ep. 301 . attecham (ateocham v.l.) na hóga / doairset ar ṅdála, Sept. 20. a Dé dulig adateoch, ZCP i 497.6 . aitchem na huili duli / . . . / cor guidet lenn, SR 1613 . ō roaitcheatar ainm Colmāin . . . tērnatar slán i tír, BColm. 94.12 . no aitchitis in coimdid, PH 4055 . aitchim a sídh `I beseech peace with them', Studies 1923. 599 § 18 . With cognate accus. issed attach adessam `this is the prayer that we will pray', Thes. ii 300.2 (Hy. i). atach ind so atroithich Colum Cille co mmáth- air nÍsu, ZCP vi 257 § 6 . With follg. IMM and vn. constr.: ra attchetar . . . firu hErend ma tocbáil bar lebennaib scíath they besought the men of Ireland to raise them, TBC 2744 . ra adaig clanda Nemid imo hainm do beith forsin ferand ind- romarbad, Dinds. 147 ( RC xvi 160 ). ro-n-aitchiset im thomailt `they begged him to eat', PH 6547 . ro attaig a shetig Samson imme sin, LB 127b15 . aitchim an dá dheaghfháidh dhéag / fam (dom, v.l.) thabhairt do Dhia ar deighshéad, Dán Dé xxv 50 . aitchet na naoimh . . . im thecht cuca da ccabhair, BNnÉ 256 § 214 . Similarly with DO: roataigh Día codichra da furtacht, ZCP vi 94.27 . ro aitchister . . . Patraicc . . . dia choemna for a bidbaid, Ir. Texts. i 18 § 54 . aitchett an Coimdhe do shior / naoimh sleachta Conaill dár ndíon, iii 45.30 . adchi[s]-seom (curoataigh v.l.) in Gall dia comairqui `entreated . . . for his protection', RC xxiv 56 § 17 . Note also: aithchim ar bhar n-éigse sibh / gabháil `I implore you by your poetic profession to restrain . . .', Content. xvi 88 . Less freq. with person entreated introduced by FOR or FRI: ro atuighsead an sgol for Féinius bérla do theibeadh as na hilteangthuibh, IGT Introd. 3.17 . aitchimit fort gin ar clödh forcula do dliged ar sen, ZCP i 260.5 . is eadh aitcheas nó athchuingheas Ieremias . . . ar an duine, TSh. 1619 . in fer fodrácaib co claen aitchid fris a facbail co diriuch request him, LU 8391 ( FB § 26 ). tocht fo a thogairm ┐ an ro ataig fris do denamh `and did whatever he requested him', FM vi 2054.7 .

1 aile

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 aile or dil.ie/978

Forms: oile, eile, arch, aild, aile, aile, aill, aile, aill, aili, ailiu, ailiu, áili, aili, aili, aile, ailib, aile, aili, aile, aili, aili, a., n-aill, n-aile, éile, éle, aill, aili, ailiu, ailiu, aile, alaill, allail, alaill, alaili, alailiu, aili, alaaili, alaili, n-aile, allaili, aile, alaili, aili, alaile, holailiu, horaili, fulailiu, folaill, hualailiu, alaile, alaill, alaile, arele, lelele, alaill, aláil, araill, alaili, aláili, álaili, araili, áréli, alailiu, arailiu, alaili, aili, lialailiu, liala ailiu, aile, alailib, alaili, aréli, alaili, indala, indala, dondala, indala, indala, indala, all, AILE, ALAILE, arailiu, alailiu, alaile, (a)la, al(l)

In later lang. oile, eile other, one of two, second , pro- nominal used as adj. and noun. Inflected as io, iā -stem except in n a s. neut. (aill, see below). Thurn. Gramm. §§ 486 ff. , Hamp, Etudes Celt. ix 477 (aill, arch. aild). Old-Irish forms. Stressed forms

(a) aile (as adj. follows noun; as subst. always with article or nach). As adj. n s m. aile, Wb. 12c46 . n. aill, 9c3 . a s m. aile, Wb. 9d31 . n. aill, 13a1 . g s. aili, Sg. 30a2 . d s. ailiu, Wb. 21a7 . ailiu, Sg. 30b4 . n p. áili, Wb. 12b1 . aili, 22d14 . a p. aili, Sg. 28a6 . g p. aile, Wb. 12b3 . d p. ailib, Wb. 12b11 . Fem. n s. aile, Wb. 10d18 . a s. aili, Sg. 189a8 . g s. aile, Sg. 188a12 . n p. aili, Sg. 22a3 . a p. aili, Sg. 191a2 .

n As subst. n s m. nach a.¤ , Wb. 20a10 . n s n. a n-aill , Wb. 4b24 . a s m. nach n-aile , Wb. 8a3 . éile, éle (influence of céile, Thurn. Gramm. p. 308 ), 6a15 , 6c18 . a s n. na aill , Wb. 17c23 . g s. nach aili , Wb. 17b28 . d s. nach ailiu , Sg. 209b12 . a p. amal na heliu, Sg. 9b1 . ailiu gl. quos (nullos tepefacit sol), Ml. 94b20 . Fem. g s. inna aile , Thes. ii 15.42 (BCr.).

(b) With double stem ala aile, alaile, with dissimilation araile (with stress on -ail-) (as adj. precedes noun; as subst. does not take article or other proclitic, cf. Ped. Ériu xv 188 ff.).

As adj. n s n. alaill ṡain, Sg. 6b24 . allail (recte alaill, edd.) pronomen , 209b10 . g s. alaili thríuin, Sg. 96a4 . d s. alailiu chruth, Ml. 98d1 . n p. alá aili aidme, Ml. 89a9 . alaaili réta, Sg. 111b5 . a p. alaili dliged, Ml. 18c11 . g p. ala n-aile ndoine, Ml. 54a21 .

Fem. a s. allaili mbeasti, RC xi 446.1 . g s. ala aile aidme, Ml. 51c5 . d s. alaili tain gl. quando, Sg. 222b2 . n p. ala aili interiecta, Sg. 10a1 .

When used with a prep. ending in a vowel alaile sometimes drops its initial: holailiu, Ml. 80a2 . horaili, 2a6 . fulailiu (sic MS.), 102d2 . folaill, Laws iv 102.14 . But hualailiu, Ml. 40d17 . Sg. 25b12 . With la see substantival use infra.

n As subst. n s m. alaile, Wb. 6b20 . n s n. alaill, 7d11 . a s m. alaile, Wb. 5d15 . arele, 9c19 . With la: lelele, 16c24 . a s n. alaill, 4c33 . aláil, 12a10 . araill, 23b21 . g s. alaili, Wb. 4c13 . aláili, 12a34 . álaili, 13a9 . araili, Sg. 10a10 . áréli, Wb. 13a5 . d s. alailiu, Wb. 2a14 . arailiu, 21a13 . n p. alaili, Wb. 13a16 . ala aili , Sg. 215a1 . a p. with la, lialailiu, Ml. 14a4 (liaailiu, MS.). liala ailiu, Sg. 32b5 . g p. ala n-aile (gl. reliquorum), Ml. 37a21 . Sg. 201b15 . d p. alailib, Wb. 25b13 . Sg. 208b8 . Fem. a s. fri alaili , Sg. 202a4 . d s. aréli (see above), Wb. 8a7 , alaili, Sg. 189a7 . 212b3 .

In Bardic verse this form alliterates with words beginning either with r- or vowels: líonmhar dá reic re-roile, DDána 61.3 . sgol i n-ucht ar-oile ag ól, 103.25 .

(c) Unstressed forms (always adjectival preceding noun or aí, see below, and most usually with preceding article or cach). With article (both words indecl.) n s m. indala mmod, Ml. 45b11 . a s m. indala fer, Wb. 4c16 . d s. dondala lucht, Wb. 16c20 . n s f. indala chlas, Ml. 138d1 . g s f. indala rainne, Sg. 74b7 . a s n. indala lestar, Wb. 4c32 . With cach, usually cach la: cach la sel, Wb. 15d9 . cach le céin Ml. 19c1 . Without art. somet. also all, see C I (a) below.

A. The form AILE.

I As adj. following its noun other, second: frituidecht a.¤ anísiu, Sg. 21b11 . pronomen naill, 197b17 . fogur na liter na.¤ , 4a8 . guidiu itge n-a.¤ , Fél. Ep. 413 . anní nail as much again, IT ii1 180.177 . cethri fogaetha a.¤ , SR 49 . immon michil lasin crosfigill-so immon muiri lasind crosfigell na.¤ immasech `with the next', Mon. Tall. 137.z (§ 28) . do nach raod aliu `to any other matter', 143.30 (§ 43) . isind le[i]th ailiu, Críth Gabl. 591 (eliu, MS.). do c[h]ellaib elib, BColm. 62.20 . forsin triur aili `the other three', RC xxiv 174.10 . aisceda imda eili, Sc.M² § 4 R . Longínus in ainm ele, PH 673 . a dhuine dhiombuain eile, DDána 27.3 . céd eili d'uaislib `a hundred other nobles', IGT Decl. ex. 60 . ┐ ní eili and furthermore, Hy Maine 161.31 . beag oile as congnamh ré chois `little else', Dán Dé x 17 . aill with non-neut. noun: ro-lēcus-[s]a gaí n-aill cucut-su, ScM² § 13 . issin láim n-aill, MU² 543 . do thuc bulli n-aill, TBC 1998 . fecht n-aile (n-aill), úair a.¤ another time, on another occasion see fecht and 2 úar. Of future time, next, forthcoming: lathi n-and resint samḟuin a.¤ cind bliadna, LU 3298 ( SC § 10 ). cosin caiscc naili `until the next Easter', Mon. Tall. 132.17 (§ 12) . nach (na) . . . a.¤ (aill) any other . . . : nábat nacha arm aili `let it not be any other arms', Wb. 11d14 . dochum nacha rainne a.¤ , Sg. 188a12 . indtan noteigdis nach leth aili, Mon. Tall. 129.18 (§ 6) . in nacha reduibh ailib, Ériu ii 106.9 . Masc. with neut. noun: huare nad fil na nert n-a.¤ , Ml. 29d5 .

n II As subst.

(a) another, the other, others etc.: cuit inna aine ┐ inna a.¤ of the one and of the other, Thes. ii 15.42 (Bcr.). amal na heliu `like the others', Sg. 9b2 . arus leth do fallaib an aill do doebdadaib `for half is due for the neglects, the other for the claimants,' Laws iv 126.21 Comm. mad a.¤ da lina beta olca folaid `one of two parties', ii 366.11 . ma a.¤ dá lína bes anfoltach, O'Don. 565 ( H. 3.17, 441 ). co ndearnadhsom in a.¤ chédna likewise, TFrag. 22.22 . mani tucad . . . ní din chéttad- all ni bered a n-aill, Sc.M² § 1 . ní fargaib bennachtain ┐ ní thuc anaill (alali, v.l.), RC viii 52.25 . aroile . . . anaill the one . . . the other (ref. to leomuin), Grail 3399 .

(b) period of two days: a.¤ do mnaib . . . treisi do rig, Laws i 78.15 . nat ṡasai aena tar a.¤ `that one day should not be extend- ed beyond two days', 120.18 . athgabail a.¤ itir uin ┐ treise rosmidir Sencha, 126.11 . cach athgabail a.¤ , 144.24 .i. for ata anad naili ┐ apad aili, 146.21 Comm. is for dail na haili, 146.12 Comm. athgabail a.¤ do ingin im comorbus a mathar, 146.y .i. ar ata anadh naili, 148.3. Comm. a.¤ déc space of twelve days (cf. a.¤ déc one twelfth , (g) infra): a.¤ do mnaib, a.¤ dec doib im roe, Laws i 78.15 .

(c) Frequ. a n-aill something else, anything else: nimbe anaild arbera bith `he has nothing else that he may eat', Mon. Tall. 146.16 (§ 50) . ind lethbairgin ┐ ind cethramtu nó anaild `the half loaf and the quarter or other quantity, 151.z (§ 63) , ní fogbat merdrecha Ulad a n-aill acht foraim én dóib, LU 3254 ( SC § 5 ). it é do theoir ríagla / nítroib anaill bas diliu `have thou naught else dearer', Ériu i 194 § 7 . in fil anaill? ol Grigoir `is there anything else?' ZCP iii 30.21 .

(d) Hence with ocus, etc. furthermore: ┐ anaill forácbus[s]a . . ., LL 279a7 . ┐ anaill béus, iarfaig-siu and furthermore, ask . . ., TBC 1920 . ┐ dano a n-aill and úair ni chesend nech, LU 2654 . ┐ anaill niro tagaill . . ., Grail 2786 . Cf. similar use of araill: et araill aile dana béus, TBC 106 . ┐ araill and, dano, . . . ní fil rígain . . ., LU 4015 ( SC § 46 ). araill ele bheós ro leth ainm . . ., FM v 1858.z . ┐ araill ele nir bó siodhach . . ., vi 2052.10 .

(e) Uninflected aill . . . aill one . . . another, some . . . others (not found in O. Ir. Glosses): imrordus in rígraid / . . . / aill úas laithib lígdaib / aill fo díanaib déraib some . . . others, Fél. Prol. 23 . aill fir mair . . . / aill ingene húage `one of a mighty man . . . another of a virginal maiden', June 5 . áill fri cumaid . . . aill ele fri teichead (of persons), Alex. 309 . .lll. carpdech . . . aill bruitt budi aill bruit deirg `some in yellow mantles others in red mantles', RC xiv 412.8 . Hence adverbially partly . . . partly: aill is tóla catha crūach / aill is cōra cacha crích, ZCP xi 110 § 30 . go ruc in ingen leis aill ar áis aill ar égin, Ériu xi 46.13 . Cf. aill .i. aonfecht .. . ut est aill torla tres tochuired, O'Dav. 34 , Ériu xiii 15.11 .

(f) With nach any other: arna arroímatsom nach na.¤ `lest they should receive any one else', Wb. 14d37 . cen acaldaim nach aili, Sg. 153b7 . cen acomol naich aili do `without joining any other to it', 197b17 . nib écen na aill, Wb. 22d12 . ni gessid na aill act búaid precepte, Wb. 26a34 . ní epur na haill `I say nothing more', Sg. p. 217 marg. sup. (Thes. ii xxii). in fail na aill adcota[r] dam, Trip.² 1323 . cona bía cuit do nach ailiu i nHére, 2766 . do-bérad naill ( = na aill) would give something else, BDD² 276 . With partitive DI something else of: asbéram na aill diar ṅgnímaib, Wb. 17c23 . in fuil anaill d'ingantaib air? Grail 2983 . Cf. aill do buadaib Duind C. andso something of the triumphs, TBC 1529 .

(g) In numerals (fractions). a.¤ déac one twelfth: oile dég f., IGT Decl. § 3 . oil a dég (oil dhég v.l.) lochdach, IGT Decl. § 14 . aili deac brotto `the twelfth part of a second', Thes. ii 13.29 (BCr.). erpais Patraic aili deac Erend dó the twelfth part of Ireland, Trip.² 911 . `a.¤ dhéc the twelfth part, the Brehon's fee . Anglicé allayéag,' O'Don. Suppl. ni uil aile déc dosomh ┐ atá éiric a gubreite fairsium, O'D. 536 ( H. 3.17, 432 ). da tecarthar ni da folaid cruid on breithemain, no ailedec, Laws i 234.17 Comm. diablad na aile dec, 234.18 Comm. no co thormaigi fa geall co roib aile dec, v 252.20 Comm. log a breithemnuis, aile dec, 212.22 Comm. Perh. also in: ni bhía an oile dēgsi am díaigh / nach foighe Ó Bríain d'éicsi úaim, IGT Decl. ex. 216 . barr na ngēg uile re n-idnaibh / uile dég gun fidhbaidh ortt (lochtach), ex. 225 . Cf. Kl. enair for dardain ail uathaid fuirre `the second day of the moon thereon', RC xviii 176.27 (Tig.). 284.2 . For ail dec 35.9 Stokes suggests reading ail uathaid.

B. The form ALAILE etc.

I As adj.

(a) other: aliud pronomen .i. is allail (recte alaill, edd.) pronomen , Sg. 209b10 . cenn cridi ┐ alaaili réta `and other things', 111b5 . sech alaili dliged ┐ indliuchtu `apart from other sayings and meanings', Ml. 18c11 . imtech[t] Boinde . . . ┐ alanaile n-aband, AU i 308. 11 , cf. 330.4 , 374.4 . In later lang. neut. form somet. used after noun irrespective of gender: leth in moige . . . al-leth allaill, RC xi 446.52 . don taeb araill, St. Ercuil 782 . isin luing araill, Grail 2969 . isind láim anaill, TBC 1719 . Note also: adhaigh n-aill n-aile another night, BNnÉ 324 § 38 .

(b) Usually some, a certain (gl. quidam, aliquis): hualailiu chlausul gl. uelut in clausula, Ml. 40d17 . holailiu lon gl. quodam adipe, 80a2 . ainm alaili thríuin `name of a certain hero', Sg. 96a4 . alaill ṡain, 6b24 . hualailiu mud gl. quodammodo, 25b12 . con alailiu fogoir (leg. fogur, edd.) gl. aliquo `with some sound', 39a2 . alaili tain gl. quando, 222b1a . ac gūmāidim ala naile nairec ninganta falsely boasting of various wonderful inventions, Corm. Y 825 . cornan alaili cuislendach, `a certain piper Cornan', Mon. Tall. 131.23 (§ 10) . alaili fáith marb, Trip.² 1395 . di araile anmcharait, Arch. iii 5.3 . aroile fer angid, PH 818 . doní . . . araile gaitt irisech `she commits a certain pious theft', BColm. 84.10 . i n-araile domnuch, ZCP iii 33.15 . ro indsaig araile carruic . . . ┐ ros buail, Grail 1435 . in araile locc i lLaighis `at a certain place', FM ii 1066.3 . Cf. co aroile mainistir ecin, RC x 187.4 .

n II As subst.

(a) another, the other: ni ferr nech alailiu, Wb. 2a16 . ni áir do neuch molad alaili, 16a24 . is coitchen do cechtar de ainm alaili `the name of each is common to both', Ml. 14d12 . intí diib bes tresa orcaid alaile, Ml. 19d6 . tar cenn alanaile gl. aliorumuice, 95d9 . Sg. 201b15 . cenmathá dobrethir ┐ alaaili `except the adverb and other (parts of speech)', 71b17 . muidit secht catha ren Osseirgé for na Déise . . . asberat araile is tricha cath others say, Ériu iii 138.102 . in foirend is craib- dige araile `the folk who are more believing than the rest', PH 6363 . coná baí aithgne neich sech alaile díb, TBFr. 271 . cach gabal tra issuidiu araile hisesam `every other division is sung sitting, the next standing', Mon. Tall. 140.4 (§ 31) . gach clas ro claideadh do línadh do arbaim alaill do imbim the furrows to be filled alternately with corn and butter, Laws iv 98.14 Comm. drécht diib i nAidniu, araill diib oc Dubcech- air, ZCP viii 305.30 . Hence alaile . . . alaile etc. (the) one . . . the other, another: biit alaili and rofinnatar a pecte rosíu (sic) docói grád forru alaili is iarum . . ., Wb. 29a28 . alaaili diib hi remthechtas . . . alaaili dano it coitchena eter remthechtas, Sg. 215a1 . Later araill . . . de is used of all genders: comérgit Ulaid araill díb . . . araill, LU 5017 . Cf. a dá grúad . . . co ndeirgi fola laíg ┐ araill eile co solusgili sneachta, BDD² 38 . Also when first part of phrase contains ind ala (infra).

(b) With idea of mutual action each other: con rochra cách a.¤ lit. that each may love the other (= that all may love each other), Wb. 6d1 . rosbennach cách dib elathain aroile, Fél. 4.20 . Eogan . . .┐ Oed . . . do marbad aroili, Ann. Conn. 1340.12 . ar bruinnib ┐ ochtaip aroile ┐ a chēile, Fl. Earls, 80.17 . Frequ. with prepp.: combad imned for araill domsa so that it should be trouble upon trouble for me, Wb. 23b21 . Cf. in peccath for arele, 9c19 . is ball cách dialailiu, 5d4 . ar a ndig cechtar dīb sech anaile (araile v.l.) so that they can get past each other (of two chariots), Corm. Y 1082 (96.11) . ni dernai nechtar n-ai olc fri araili, TBFr. 24.3 = fria chéile, 420 . ón tráth co roili, BDD² 1251 . lán ón orsain go ar-oile / an teach . . ., DDána 85.37 . casmhail a rún dá-roile, 92.6 . an ro loitseat Goill ┐ Geraltaig imo roile (roile) isan tansa `the injuries mutually done upon each other', FM v 1734.15 . dīss derbrāthor dieroile `two . . . brothers', Fl. Earls 124.1 . ?asrean a ceile agh fo laill do `his neighbour shall give him another calf', Laws iv 102.14 Comm.

(c) somebody, something; a certain person or thing . In sg.: araill tra cairigedarsom there is a certain thing (?) (`there are other things now which he blames'), Wb. 25b9 . So also: [con]- secha alaill indib (`he corrects another thing in them'), 26c1 . aroile do lāmhoip S. Niclās `one of the hands', Fl. Earls 80.20 . ba ingnad liasna Fomoire alaill tarfas doib isin cath a certain thing, RC xii 92 § 122 . atpert aroile fris `a certain man', St. Ercuil 1449 . Note also: ara ara bélaib isin charput sin araile forseng fánfota forbrec a charioteer in front of him . . . and he was, LU 9274 . In pl.: is sí cétbaid alanaile `this is the opinion of some', Ml. 36a1 . circunflex la grecu for alailib diib, Sg. 208b8 . With DI: araill d'feraib Midi `some of the men of M.', RC xviii 23.31 . do deachaidh fein cona mac . . . ┐ ar oile dia mhuintir innte, Leb. Gab. 242.26 . d'foraithmet araill dona neithibh remraiti, 272.6 . araill d'áes na cemenn sin, CCath. 86 .

(d) As adv. (d s n.) arailiu `otherwise', Wb. 21a13 (intro- ducing an alternative explanation); cf. alailiu chruth gl. aliter, Ml. 98d1 . alailiu, Wb. 9a23 (see Bergin, Ériu xiv 29 ; xvii 1; Pedersen, Ériu xv 188 ). alaile, Anecd. iii 59.2 . araili .i. gne eile, Laws iv 68.3 . Perh. also in TBC² 1044 , TBC 1833 ff. (reading ... cadān co leith. Allaile (alailiu LU dia tonda etc. .

C. The form (a)la, al(l).

I As adj.

(a) other, one of two, second (in this use a `composit- ional prefix', Thurn. Gramm. § 394 ): al-anman `other names', Ml. 48c34 . all-aidchi on another night, IT ii2 194.21 . ala- chéill in sin, ZCP viii 313.29 . Morc .i. ala flaith na Fomoire, Leb. Gab. 80.30 . béra cend ríg alathúaithi lat, BDD² 727 . fria lesa alabrugh of other territories, O'C. 454 ( H. 3.18, 242a ). li ala lécuinn Saul `by one of S.'s cheeks', Ml. 55c1 . ala n-or di i teg, a n-aill fri sīn, Corm. Y 35 (aurso). ala thred dub alaili find, Anecd. i 57 § 58 . tēora blaī būirig . . . blaī mescae . . . alablaī dúnaid la túatha téchtai tecraiter the second exemption, ZCP xi 83.1 . cath Ocha alachath `the second battle', RC xiii 54.10 . ala-chor second contract, Laws ii 274.z . mád ala feacht iar mbrethaib forru `for the second time', 66.16 . See also under compds. and 1 al. See also under allabrig.

(b) With article ind ala one of two, (the) one (. . . the other) (see also B II (a) supra): dotóeth indala fiacail airthir a chinn `one of the two teeth', Thes. ii 248.9 . arambé indala rann cen diall `that one of the two parts be undeclined', Sg. 74b6 . ind ala c. gl. praetermisit unam c (i.e. by writing hoc for hocc), 205b5 . co lluid tré scíath n-ete indala heóin one of the two birds, LU 3282 ( SC § 7 ). doroigu ind ala fer . . . et romiscsig- estar alaile, Wb. 4c16 . is léir dorigni indala lestar is dínnimu dongní alaill, 4c32-33 . ni coir dídnad dondala lucht et troscud dond lucht ailiu, 16c20 . īadais andala (indara, LU) sūil . . . asoilg alaile, TBC² 394 . benaid . . . Mac Cecht a chend dondala fir . . . ro boí in fer aile oc élúd, LU 7942 . Loch nE. dindala leith di ┐ Slíab C. dind leith ailiu, Trip.² 1957 . Later indara: indara láim dó fri ubull bragat in chon. dobeir araile fria chúl one of his hands, LU 5012 . indara fecht . . . canait ceol . . . in fecht n-aill contúaset fri ceól muintire nime, 1978 ( FA 5 ). is hé indara fer . . . ró an . . . Donnmal int aili, Trip.² 1521 .

(c) ind ala the second (cf. tánaiste): cengsat siar dind ara chur `for the second time', Met. Dinds. iii 4.33 . isin dara cét lá deidenach don ré `on the second last day of the term', Laws iv 136.1 Comm. Hence in compd. numerals: ala rann deac `one twelfth', Thes. ii 13.29 (BCr.). issed indala nainmm déc the twelfth name, Three Ir. Gl. 25.9 = indara hainm , Corm. Y 750 . indala descipul lxx at the seventy-second disciple, Laws i 20.2 Comm. fir errainne co alasét sesed with sixty-two `séts' ZCP xii 361.21 . ?torad cach trethain ala cairrge, Laws v 484.2 (Comm. takes as all beyond). Cf. co treathan ala cairge no ala caire, O'C. 20 ( H. 3.18, 9a ).

(d) cach (a)la every other, every second: cach la céin . . . in céin naili sometimes . . . sometimes, Ml. 19b1, 3 . cachlacein `alternately', Mon. Tall. 146.29 (§ 52) . is i fescur cachlacēin / dlegar dīdnad dōib they are entitled to a meal on alternate days at vesper-time (of fasting regulations), ZCP xiii 29.14 . cach la sel dún for imrádud dé in sel aile for precept `at one time meditating on God, at another time preaching', Wb. 15d9 . ammarbad cach la sel iarum do a mbeogud indtale dia marbad `he continues alternately to mortify and revive them from their dying state', Mon. Tall. 147.16 (§ 52) . bó cona timthuch cech la blíadnai . . . colp[d]ach ḟirenn lee in mblíad- nai n-aili every second year, Críth Gabl. 266 . cach alablīa- [dain] every second year, Corm. Y 1082 ( Anecd. iv 96.16 ). cach ara bliadain, Laws iv 140.29 Comm. druinech cechla bean / crecōir cechla fer, ZCP ix 170.17 . ate cuir treineacha la Feine cach la fear dia urgaire, alaili dia forngaire, Laws iv 54.13 . gach re n-am alternately, Dán Dé v 41 .

II n As subst. indala n-aí (invariable) one of the two: is dochu ind ala nái oldaas a n-aill, Wb. 4b24 . togu ind ala n-ái . . . damnad alaili `to choose one of the twain . . . to condem the other', 4c13 . ci atbela ind ala n-ái ni epil alaill, Sg. 30a3 . ind ala n-aí antúaid alaile andess, 67b22 . co n-accai in da mnaí . . . indala n-ai brat úaine impe alaili brat corcra, LU 3285 ( SC § 8 ). elcuig indalanae, ruibidh alailiu, ZCP viii 105.11 . da fítt . . . inddala hí do tabirt do Día . . . araile do tomailt fadein, Mon. Tall. 161.10 (§ 80) . Later also ala (n-)aí: ar lēicse ala aí di arailiu, ZCP xv 316 § 10 . ni frith ala ai do thacru, 354 § 42 . dá [n]dorus [n]-and—comla[e] ar ala n-aí, clíath ar alailiu, Críth Gabl. 101 . bōthar, talla dā boin fair .i. alanāi for fot alaile for tarsnae, Corm. Y 1082 ( Anecd. iv 96.17 ).

COMPDS. cosnamach fri hailecricha, Ériu viii 173.28 . i n-ailithír, Trip.² 2033 . asna hailithírib foreign countries, TTr.² 1747 (cf. ailithir). aile máthair, Sg. 152a2 (not treated as compd. by Thurn. Gramm. § 394 . Perh. infl. by the Lat. altera mater). See also C I (a) above.

ainmm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ainmm or dil.ie/1471

Forms: a., ainm, ainm, ainim, a., ainm, anmae, anme, anmma, anmme, anmaim, anmin, anmmaimm, anman, anmmann, anman, anmann, anmanaib, nainm, nainmm

n n, n. Later m. int a.¤ , Trip.² 305 . ainm m. IGT Decl. § 41 . n s. ainm, Wb. 21d4 . Ml. 30a11 . ainim, 30a9 . a.¤ , Sg. 56b10 . a s. ainm, Ml. 30a10 . g s. anmae, Ml. 30a10 . anme, 36b1 . anmma, Sg. 26b11 . anmme, 211b6 . d s. anmaim, Ml. 30c17 . anmin, 17b9 . anmmaimm, Sg. 54b3 . n p. anman, Ml. 104a4 . a p. anmmann, Sg. 61b3 . g p. anman, Ml. 87a12 . anmann, Sg. 27a9 . d p. anmanaib, Ml. 30a8 . n du. da nainm , Ml. 34d6 . a du. da nainmm , Sg. 28a7 . For Ogam ANM see Vendryes Etudes Celt. vii 139-46 (= inscription? mortal remains?).

(a) name: anman na coic cathrach, Ml. 104a4 . hond anmim asberr iesus, 17b9 . is ed dogair som ho anmaim chail- ich which he calls by the name of, 30c17 . do dechor etir anmmann inna crann ┐ anmmann a toraid inna crann sin, Sg. 61b3 . ind anmma dilis `of the proper name', 26b11 . Calpurnd ainm a athar, Trip.² 82 . Gnimcinnsiolaigh la ainim by name, TFrag. 168.10 . oc baistiud ind anma-sin fora athair, Sc.M² § 12 . cechlabat fir hErend . . . inn ainm sin, TBC 1056 . ainm n-ogaim, 582 (See Études Celt. vii 139-46). ainm ┐ uss ┐ slondudh (required in certain kinds of satire), IT iii 105 § 210 , see p. 122 and Éigse v 231 . Dismus ┐ Geomus anmand Grécda na latrand, Ériu iii 198 § 25 . sgríobhaid . . . anmonna ar slógh i nglanrolla, TD 30.9 . anmanda na seacht fear ndeg, Auraic. 125 . da n-ainm fuirre she has two names, ZCP viii 106.5 . Inis Bhanbha na ttrí ttonn / do shlonn sí trí hanma ann, IGT Decl. ex. 1152 . suairc an daingean anma d'Aodh this fort called Aodh's, DDána 119.10 . a.¤ baiste Christian name: Tadhg no Domnall, atá sunnradh anma baisde ionnta, IGT Introd. § 15 (7.21) . an Colum Cille . . . is é fá hainm baiste dhó Criomhthann, Keat. iii 1575 . i n-anmain in the name of: combad a n-an- maim cruichi Crist noragadh a n-agaidh Tholamir, RC x 184.7 . i nn-anmaim Athar ┐ Maicc ┐ Spirtu Noíb, Trip.² 668 . nach óen dobéra ní it anmaimm, 1343 . dia nglacadh . . . a n-ainm diūc de parma `to . . . receive them in the name of the D.', Fl. Earls 102.26 . baí ssidhe . . . leith bliadhain in ainm ┐ in ionad an prionnsa inErinn, FM vi 225 § 11 . Meaning uncertain in phrase a.¤ rainde ('share, proportion (lit. a division in name only)' Ériu xl 104 n. 9 ; `proportion', Laws Gloss.; 'specified or fixed amount; designated fraction' EIS 102 ): in tainmrainne gabus in crann ina cloich gurab é in tain- mrainne sin do leth logh bes fair ┐ is é rainn rachus ar na anmannaibh rainne sin, O'D. 916 ( H. 3.17, c. 653 ). in tainmrainne gabus éric nochtaithi tige . . . bes a mbuain a tuige dib, 1696 (H. 5.15, p. 31b). in t-ainmrainde gabus aen trian secht cumal indtib uile, Laws iii 116.9 Comm. in tain- mrainne geabus in sine isin uth, 366.5 Comm. in t-ainmroindi dun cethraimthi eneclainni . . . gurub a leth bias do, Laws v 34.17 Comm. in t-ainmrainde gaibis an sechtmad isin mis curob e an t-ainmrainde sin don dechmaid bes tis, 308.2 Comm. in tainmraindi d'a eniclainn fen do biad dosum, 72.10 Comm. Title, heading: an t-ainm iasachta uarais the foreign title thou hast got, TD 22a.8 . gan ainm ríodhamhna gan rígh, 32.44 . do chailleas onóir mh'anma, DDána 90.3 . ní dhé sin tré cheart n-anma / goirthear rí go bhfreasabhra `such a man cannot strictly be called opposed', Content. vi 138 . is anmmaim ona attat `under the name of loan', Laws v 368.x Comm. toirmisgther ann so a nainm gada . . . gan fiacha nó cíos do dhíol under the heading of theft, O'Gr. Cat. 113.32 .

(b) reputation, repute, renown: forbīad a ainm ar gnīmaib gaiscid firu Érend, TBC² 551 . is í T. cathuir is mó ainm indti `the city most of name', Maund. 228 . ?bidh ainm cintaig in gairm ndodhad / bid ainm cinadh, Arch. iii 295 § 29 ; cf. 296 § 35 . ainm uasal san Eoruip ort, DDána 90.6 . bhar n-ainm féile re fada / méadóchaidh Mac Diarmada, 68.35 . ar mhéad anma is einigh, TD 10.2 .

(c) Gramm. noun: ind anme fil ina chomsuidigud gl. nominis, Sg. 211b6 . intan nád ṁbí conson etir peneuilt ┐ uilt isind anmmaimm chétnidiu gl. in nomine, 54b3 . nibí dechor etir diall nanmann ┐ pronominum `there is no difference between the declension of nouns and pronouns', 27a9 . a.¤ (= nomen) ┐ pronomen ┐ briathar, Auraic. 300 . a.¤ scoilte noun composed of different words: ainm sgoilte nach cóir a ttús chomhfhocuil: Fégh fa lighe, no Giolla na naomh, no Mac Raith, IGT Introd. § 124 (28.23) . So also: ainm sgoilti, ainm ceirde, § 97 (24.27) . a.¤ substaintech concrete (as oppd. to abstract) noun(?): ar an méd as pearsuin di (i.e. don ghaoidheilg) seach a hanmannuibh subsdainnteacha, § 2 (2.10) . gan aithearrach oghuim do dhénamh ar chonnsuine láir anma subsdainntigh fhocuil nach comhfhocal, § 102 (25.33) . a.¤ trén substantive, see trén. a.¤ adiecht(a) adjective see adiec(h)t(a). a.¤ úathaid simple (i.e. uncompounded) noun , see úathad. Cf. doaidbit ainm hi suidiu gl. nominatiui casus uim habent (of verbs), Sg. 159a2 (noun). Nominative case: ag sin, ag súd, is ag so comchóir réim is ainm orra, IGT Introd. § 128 (29.8) . co ír [réim] ┐ ainm na mbéluibh sin, ag sin mhnaoi ngil, ag sin bean gheal, ibid.

2 aithech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 aithech or dil.ie/2606

Forms: haithighe, aithig

n in phr. a.¤ tige o, m. master of a house, husband . As ā, f. (g s. na haithighe , O'Dav. 98 . d s. aithig, Ir. Recht 4 § 2 ) mistress of a house, wife . Treated as distinct from 1 aithech by Stokes, O'Dav. 58 , Vendr. Lex. etc. a.¤ tighe .i. fer tighe, ut est luighe in aithigh thighe ┐ na haithighe tighe `the oath of the master and of the mistress of the house', O'Dav. 98 . [ben] aititen .i. ad-daimther i nn-aithig tigi ┐ ni prim ben, Ir. Recht 4 § 2 . trian do aithiuch tige, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 29 § 11 . nī uīth cuit don m[n]ai sin . . . a n-ōentig aithig tighi, acht a bith i n-uarboith fri less amuig, Cáin Ad. 2 . a macc ar a.¤ tighe (list of pledges for debt), 26 . arces an fer maith hisin ┐ a a.¤ tige the good man complained and his wife, Rawl. B. 512, 33c20 (Plummer MS. notes). ar na tērglas a.¤ tige (céili ding- bala v.l.) di in Hērind for a husband had not been chosen for her, Fing. R. 363 ( ZCP iii 5 § 13 ). Without qual. gen. fighting- man, warrior (1 aithech?): a.¤ . . . .i. ni hainm acht do deglaoch, Corm. Y 51 . a.¤ .i. laoch, ut est ar is eccsi iarmofoich . . . ni haithechus .i. ni laochdacht, O'Dav. 53 . is tríut ro marbad m'athair / ro bo deglaech degathaig, TFerbe 691 .

amae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. amae or dil.ie/3053

see Ped. ii 151 , 188 . Interjection verily, indeed . Frequ. translated `alas!', but this sense seems to derive rather from the context. Note also its use with fé infra: a trede asrubart anúas a.¤ attá linn potestas ar quis militat `surely we have . . .', Wb. 10d2 . amæ ǽm nípo úaib . . . `verily indeed', 13a20 . in dúib nammá ropridchad a.¤ ni dúib sed omnibus gentibus `is it to you only he has been preaching? Verily not to you alone. . .', 21 . im bia tesargain? . . . biaid amæ. Y Cymmr. xiv 118.17 . cid son amai, TBC 1803 . is é tricci . . . connagat na eich ardmora . . . atchonnarc a.¤ , LL 189a17 . a.¤ a ócu . . . mochin tír asa tánic, TBC 982 . a.¤, a occlaig . . . cia hainm in cathair, CCath. 3001 . a.¤ atúsa . . . ic lainmilled neit[h], 5127 . acc a.¤ , LL 13838 . ┐ a.¤ dlestis a n-olc do denam, uair is adbul a n-ecoiri, TTebe 2628 . ┐ amæ nir dichait esbaid muintire C., CCath. 3756 . Combined with alla (ale), a(i)ll: Conall dorōine, ar Ailill. Amai! nī fīr om (alla amai ni fir ón v.l.) ar Conall, ZCP i 104.24 . amae ale, bar L., rat chur . . ., TBC 3787 (Láeg upbraids Cú Ch. for being too gentle). aill amai tancatar námait a ndún, LU 8380 ( FB 25 ). all amai or Fergus na bríathraib ilib, 5455 (TBC). aill mai (sic), O'C. 1387 (H. 3.18, 630a). Combined with fé: fe a.¤ for L. nacham ail, LU 8495 ( FB 35 ). fé (truagh) .i. ue amai .i. lim amin .i. ué, ZCP viii 107.3 .

ammeit

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ammeit or dil.ie/3176

n = ammait ? ba L. a hainm cerb a.¤ (: meic), LL 18148 .

Ana

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Ana or dil.ie/3247

pn name of a goddess (see Sjoestedt-Jonval and Dillon, Gods and Heroes of the Celts 24 ): A.¤ .i. mater deorum Hiber- nensium. Robo maith didiu robīathais sī deos; de cuius nomine ana .i. imed, de cuius nomine Dā Chīc[h] nAnund, Corm. Y 31 . is innti (i.e. in Munster) nó adhradh bandía in tṡónusa .i. A.¤ a hainm-sein ┐ is uaithi sidhe isberar Da Chigh Anann ós Luachair Degad, Cóir Anm. 1 . Badb ┐ Macha ┐ Anand dia tát Cichi Anand i lLuachair, LL 1121 (cf. RC i 37 ). íath Anann, name for Ireland: lán binn buadhach brúctaidh fri híath nAnann, Ériu xiii 40.25 . Anann (.i. imbith) .i. Eire, ut est brucht fri iath n-Anann .i. bruchtuigh fri iath n-Erenn .i. bandea .i. sofis fri fileda, O'Dav. 46 . Anann .i. Eireann, O'Cl.

anál

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anál or dil.ie/3335

Forms: anál

n ā, f. Orig. vn. of anaid. Celt. Verb p. 186 . Pedersen, Litteris ii 77 - 94 (Best Bibliogr.), Vendr. Lex. anál f. IGT Decl. § 149 . n. sg. anáil, Fled Bricrenn ocus Loinges Mac nDuíl Dermait 58 § 31 . act of breathing; breath: donanáil gl. anele, Lor. Gild. gl. 123 (anhela, Du Cange , see Ascoli xxxiii ). ic egmig impu . . . fot a n-anali till out of breath, LU 1902 ( RC x 56.15 ). anála fer ┐ ech, 9246 . anáil nathrach, 5442 (TBC). rob imda airech . . . ica urgabail ar n-urnaidm a anala air through shortness of breath (of fleeing men), MR 318.11 . tocbaid bar n-anála i núachtur bar cléib du bar n-étrummugud tairis, Mer. Uil. 65 . tromtínfed a mbren- anala, BB 495a8 . bolad fína lía anóil (: óir), LU 3640 ( SC 31 ). a.¤ mnáa lat ingin breathes like a woman, Fing. R. 373 ( ZCP iii 5 § 14 ). omun iar sin hi cride / iss a.¤ hi trommchride (on the situation (in the body) of the passions and propensities), Arch. iii 223.10 . lán dom anáil ón uabhar puffed up with pride(?), Studies 1924, 87 § 16 . cuir mar thúis anáil th'ochta / fam ghnúis d'fhagháil fhurtochta, DDána 67.30 . goill dom athchur 'sdom arguin / . . . / rug a hanáil óm inntinn, 90.5 . do-bhir dá ḟine a n-anáil `who gives life to his kinsfolk', TD 32.80 . lé anáil na nél um nóna / fér ag fagháil chóra a críaidh, IGT Decl. ex. 1153 . d'anáil óirmheirgeadh the breeze caused by the waving of ensigns, L. Cl. A. Buidhe 100.200 . lé séideadh nó lé súghadh a anáile, TSh. 1896 . oiret anala géoid the slightest breath, RC xxiv 381.18 . táinig d'anáil chuaigh fa Chormac `such fumes arose from the goblet', TD 29.34 .

In various phrases. do-beir a.¤ fo breathes on: a ndorat a anáil foí when he blew under it (of a fire), Trip.² 132 . tuc a a.¤ fai iarsin `the Devil breathed on him them', BCC 454.28 . do- beir a.¤ for: dobeir an sacart secht n-[an]ála Dē for a muin the priest breathes seven breaths of God on his back (significance obscure, apparently a form of appeasement), BColm. 96.27 . dobeir íarum an t-airchindech secht n-anāla Dē for a muin corigci an lic i ndorus a tighi apad, 29 . gaibid ar (for) a.¤ : no co ngaba for thrí ara anáil till he thrice holds in his breath, Mer. Uil. 135 . rogab for a anáil, CCath. 2072 . do léici, léicid a.¤ exhales breath: crét tái cen t'anál do lécud immach? PH 8136 . ro teilgedh a anál, CCath. 2164 . aithinne dubh . . . léicis Mlaise a anáil foillsigh / fúithib gur shoillsigh, SG 27.33 . dia ttealccat an lucht úd a n-anala get breathing time, FM v 1766.24 . do-léici, léicid a.¤ do: ma tarlaic a nanala doibh if he gave them a breathing space (of driving cattle), O'C. 2325 ( Eg. 88, 25 (26)b ). ro léc a tri nanala doib, O'C. 2341 (ib. 26 (27)c ). intan dorelced mo anāl damsa provided I can breathe, TBC² 2192 .

In descriptions of heroes' feats (precise application not clear): rothchless ┐ otar ┐ cless for análaib (of Cú Chulainn), LU 5972 (= gless (cleas St.) for a.¤ , TBC 2111 ). eter chles for análaib ┐ ubullchles ┐ siaburchles, 8442 ( FB 30 ). léim tar neimh ┐ cleas fur anala, RC xxix 128 § 35 . ro clisius for analaib / uasa uíb ( ? uas aúib) na n-ech, LU 9345 . immas- leig cach la beirt immin n-araid gabáil na n-ésse biid uasaib ┐ análaib, 9294 . Cf. in descriptions of fighting: is amlaid bís mo chú . . . oc imguin ós analaib, TBC 531 . arfich ó aíb ech ┐ analaib fer, LU 8347 ( FB 24 ). atrácht a én gaile osa anáil co m-búi for folúamain imma chend (of Hercules), LL 225a48 ( TTr. 600 ). rachomaicsigsetar na catha da ceile . . . co raeirgetar a n-eoin gaile ósa n-analaib, 239b42 ( 1706 ).

Of recitation, ref. to the number of words, etc. to be spoken in one breath: intan ba roscadh . . . cindas nothomsidhe? . . . do focul forba anaile no-taispenta don choiceadh focul, uair is coic focail romesadh i n-anail in filed by a word com- pleting a breath which was indicated by the fifth word . . ., Auraic. 930 = 3860 . dilius do bair[d]ne a tomus et coir n-anala their measure and correct phrasing (lit. breathing), 3528 . is é cóir nanála .i. narop sia las in bfer nít gaib (= nodgaib ?) ó aná[i]l cen (leg. cech ?) leth ┐ gach cethruma inás a céile, ar na roib cam .i. cin claen dona claenaib . . . that the man who recites it in (one ?) breath may not prolong any one couplet or any one line more than another(?), O'Don. 1222 (H 2.15, 86b). Of the chanting of psalms: a sailm iar fersaib ┐ linib ┐ adhantaib ┐ analaib, Laws v 24.9 Comm. oc cetul a shalm . . . for aillib ┐ annalaib ┐ ernalib, Aisl. MC 13.11 . Of the recitation of a magic formula: D. doroine dic[h]etal do cennaib for enanail do cuingidh feraind for C., LL 392b53 . Similarly: for óenchoiss ┐ óenláim ┐ óenanáil rachain dóib insin uile, LU 6983 = BDD² 562 . Legal: tucait mbinniusa .i. a foclaib ┐ a nanalib diction and enuncia- tion (of speaking in court), O'D. 849 (H 3.17, c. 603). fot naen anala do boaire, ┐ .u. focuil inti, a dó do filid . . . a tri do flaith . . . a secht do eclais, ┐ nai focail cethrachat indtib, O'C. 698 (H 3.18, 337). go deich do foclaib ┐ vii nanala don eclais ┐ vii focail in cach anail . . . da anail don fili ┐ v focail in cach anail, 227 (122).

On the connection between a.¤ and poetic art (aí), see Celtica vi 215 ff. do glaine n-anáile, Ériu xiii 37.15 . do- glind anáil / ailibh caoinibh / inghen gaoithe . . . eisimh teisimh / eallaing, teallaincc, 16 . a hainm (i.e. aí) i ccaoim- thecht fria hanail, 39.24 .

Compd. anal-utmall of quick breath, panting , CCath. 4956 .

ansatu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ansatu or dil.ie/3777

n (1 ansae) invincibility, irresistibility: ni hassa tra a hainm . . . ar andsatu a gaile ┐ a gaiscid (annseta v.l.) on account of the difficulty of resisting his prowess, RC vi 174.21 . ar a.¤ bar nathardha frisna gentib, Ériu v 152.110 .

1 ard

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ard or dil.ie/4041

Forms: árd, árt, art, arad, arad, arrad, arruidṡliocht

also árd. árt, Wb. 24d9 . art, Thes. ii 235.15 . Somet. arad metri gratia, esp. in later lang.: arad, IT iii 104 § 202 . arrad, Ó Bruad. i 32 § xiv . arruidṡliocht, 23 G 24, 239.4 .

I Adj. o, ā

(a) Of objects not in contact with ground high: innahí ruptar ardda dunnai (of planets), Thes. ii 11.42 (BCr.). In compds. tri ardlémend, LU 4021 ( SC 47 ). ard- luth a eich high motion, CCath. 4712 . ardnem na náemh, RC xxiv 372.25 . Cf. airdrenn, -ach.

(b) high above ground, elevated, lofty . Of a place: huand luc digas no a.¤ gl. e loco editiore, Ml. 58a12 . 47c19 . isna lucu arda, 23d23 . Of a mountain etc.: hi tilchaib ardaib, Ml. 14a9 . iter da sliab arda, TTebe 898 . Of a building etc.: gríanána . . . ardda, MU² 201 . i n-iomdhaidh aird raised high from floor(?), Magauran 1380 . Cf. compd. ¤-lepaid: iomdaighe ┐ árdleapthacha, RC xiv 30 § 12 . go rabat ind (leg. id ?) ardleabaidh / a mna a meic may they be in Thy high bed (place of honour ?), Anecd. ii 33 § 17 . mairidh an fhithchioll eagair / do h-imbearthaoi a n-áirdleabaidh, ML 50.6 . Of a tree tall: ind huinnius ardd, Sg. 67a11 . arnaib fedaib sonartaib ardaib, Ml. 146a6 . crann a.¤ , St. Ercuil 384 . Of a vessel in compds.: fó inbiur in ardchori `lofty cauldron' (deep ?), Aisl. MC 39.17 . airdiena (ardíana v.l.) ibardha deep(?) yew vessels, Anecd. ii 58 § 20 . Cf. 1 ardán.

(c) Of the sea: cathair ṡlúaigh do airg d'ḟoiléim / a ngoibéil chúain aird ainiúil deep(?), IGT Decl. ex. 518 . In compds.: an ardmhuir thened high sea, ocean (?), Ériu ii 124 § 68 (calque from Lat. altum mare , Deutsche, Kelten und Iren 99 ). tar ard mhuir cciachdhuibh `tossing', Ir. Review 1913, 624 § 16 . dún is inber is ard-ler, Met. Dinds. iii 112.34 .

(d) Of sounds loud: a.¤ aniu . . . gáir guil, Cog. 96.3 . frecra n-a.¤ n-obéle loud answer, Tec. Corm. § 25.12 . traetaít na ciulu islí na ciuil arda, BB 327b33 . In compds.: blūsair .i. nuall ardegóir, O'Mulc. 180 = O'Dav. 329 . firfid Findbennach fri dond Cúalnge ardburach loud bellowing, LU 10401 . ag Eochaid Ardghair `of the loud cry', Ériu i 81 § 11 . ardghaire mbaeth loud foolish laugh, Fél. 206.y . do breth a hardguth for aird, LL 9226 (TBC). árdghothach ┐ easurramach loud and stubborn, Prov. vii 11 .

(e) Of colour: fual . . . á.¤ , Rosa Ang. 188.4 .

(f) In fig. usage. Of rank or superior quality noble, dist- inguished: aire ardd, one of the grades of nobility , Críth Gabl. 368 and p. 69 . Andreas a.¤ a ordan, Fél. Feb. 6 . bit áird úas dind ḟlatha exalted (of saints), Prol. 155. a bhanaltra charthannach an Chomhachtaigh aoird mighty(?), Hackett xix 41 . óclách a.¤, imnair, IT i 79.2 . art .i. uasal, Met. Gl. 27 § 35 . Stowe Gl. 22 . Of foundations, institutions etc. ba cóir ceniptis árdda do chongbala-su, Trip.² 1564 . bid á.¤ bid úasal do chathir i talum, 472 . abb ecailse ardae, Fél. Jan. 2 . sacramaint ro-a.¤ a cuirp fein august, Smaointe B. Chr. 3324 . Of a place: bátir Érenn ardae / la m'Luóc . . . / grían Liss móir de Albae they were of noble Ireland, Fél. June 25 . Of a feast: ré Notlaicc aird aurgaiss, Fél. Nov. 13 . In compds.: domhnaighe . . . ┐ airdfheile, FM ii 952.15 , casc . . . ardshollumun na bliadne principal festival, Lism. L. 323 . Gramm. ón táoibhréim a. iollraidh i.e., the g p. in a dental, IGT Introd. § 142 (see ísel).

In phr. ardu árosc, see árosc.

(g) great, extensive(?): ba ha.¤ in coscur .i. ba mor, Thes. ii 334.1 (Hy. v). a.¤ .i. mor nó sochaide, ut est a.¤ in athlighi .i. sochaide facbhuit ina lige, O'Dav. 21 .

(h) proud: ná bísi ard nó íseall, L. Cl. A. Buidhe 132.58 . atbert athesc a.¤ proud answer, LL 19874 .

(i) difficult, laborious, arduous (based on Lat. arduus JCL ix 44 ): is rét a.¤ .i. foglaim inna hirisse foirbthe gl. res ardua atque difficilis, Ml. 14c10 . roart lessom epert friusom intsamli dæ, Wb. 24c10 .

Equative: ardithir . . . seólcrand prímlui[n]gi, LU 6474 (TBC). airdithir neolla nime gach fer dib, RC xvii 416.38 . goma hairdithir re h-én, MR 300.11 .

Compar.: cia thes hi loc bes ardu ní ardu de, Ml. 23d23 . ni arddu feisin quam a chocéle, Sg. 161b9 . ni artu ní nim `nothing is higher than heaven', Thes. ii 248.3 . arddu (arddiu v.l.) dōinib / acht nōibrī nime, Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 10 § 4 . airdiu cach múr araile, LU 2037 ( FA 11 ). airddiu, IT i 77.13 . harda (: Alba = Albu), ZCP viii 197.11 . airdi sa hairdi `higher and higher', ÉC i 87.23 . As superl. caithir fhionn as airde múr, DDána 119.19 .

Superl. dobeir grád as ardam, Fél. Ep. 207 . ardam dossaibh highest of bushes, Auraic. 5548 . ardam iactadh loudest of groanings, 5575 .

Adv.: eigis co ha.¤ , TTebe 4407 . ? teist dober cu arad ort / tu labor olcc eltaide edranach, IT iii 104 § 202 . is a.¤ do ghradaigh si sibh she has loved you much, Smaointe B. Chr. 4970 . ag foillsiughadh go ha.¤ showing openly, Donl. 62.28 . In phrase ós a.¤ : gan feis lé fear ós a.¤ `publicly', Keat. ii 2924 , cf. 1 aird.

II Subst. o

(a) high place, height: etir fán ┐ ardd, Ml. 140a2 . conid Temair a hainm ind aird sin, ZCP viii 313.29 . cit n-é . . . ardae ┐ indbera do-riadhad ? BDD² 456 . rith fri ha.¤ , Tec. Corm. § 21.8 . tar Echtge na n-a.¤ 's na n-áth, ZCP viii 222.8 . triall . . . ó arduibh iarthuir Eireann `hills', Ir. Review 1913, 624 § 16 . bás an daig[h]f[h]ir . . . / do theilg thuinn a n-aighidh aird, Bard. Synt. Tr. 24.28 . gan leath- trom learg d'fhán nó d'a.¤ (: bard), DDána 119.18 . eirnithe cach na.¤ (of a wound. Cf. cnocbéim), BCrólige 64 . ní léimid na héisc le hárdaibh eas, Hackett xv 12 . mar do ghabh sruth Iordan . . . a n-aghaidh áird i.e. flowed back- wards, up-stream? Eochairsg. 66.2 (cf. Jos. iii 16 ). Frequ. in nn. loc: Ard nGabla, Met. Dinds. i 40.29 . Ard n-Umai, RC xvi 79.20 . For further exx. see Hog. Onom.

(b) Of persons: isel fri art `lowly towards the high' (proud ?), Thes. ii 235.15 . in t-a.¤ . . . Ailill na n-áth, LL 4207 . tú in t-a.¤ ós gach iomaire, O'R. Poems 26 . a n-aird ┐ a n-airdirc, CCath. 4409 . ? ní cria . . . di ardd (di aird v.l.) `do not buy . . . from a superior', Tec. Corm. § 19.7 . art fine, one of the titles of the head of the `fine' (`den aus der oder über die `fine' Hervorragenden', Thurn., Mélanges à Pedersen 302 . In this phrase always with final -t. Cf. 1 art etc.): a.¤ uasal, unde dicitur a.¤ fine, Corm. Y 26 . in t-a.¤ fine .i. inti is airdi don fine, O'Dav. 486 . dia mbe a.¤ fine ar aird . . . is a.¤ fine icus, Laws v 224.14 Comm. dia tisad a.¤ fine fae, 13 Comm.

(c) Various: is caín cech a.¤ , LU 3915 ( SC 43 ). a.¤ n-athe (of a king), ZCP viii 108.6 . tomus fri arddu (a sign of bad pleading), LL 345e14 ( Tec. Corm. § 22 n.12 ). ní guais áidh . . . / do bheanfodh dhe dol ar a.¤ (: Tadhg) `from growing to be great', O'Hara 4400 . In phrase a.¤ i n-a.¤ fri see 1 aird.

(d) Metrical term for a final rhyming or consonating syllable in the metre rinnard , see RC vi 273 , 298 ; vii 87 ff. ; Murphy Metrics 28 , 35 . rindaird dá n-a.¤, rinnaird tri n-a.¤, rinnaird iiii n-a.¤ , Fél. 4.z ., IT iii 137 . fil and mór nard ṅáille (of the metre of the Fél.), Fél. Ep. 83 . In compd. ¤-breccad internal assonance, IT iii 87 § 95 .

Compds. Used with nouns, adjj. and verbs. Besides its use in literal sense often indicates pre-eminence in rank or excellency over others of the same designation e.g. ardrí over-king (see ). ardḟlaith (flaith. ardlathi ` chief princes ', Wb. 1a3 ). ardap (ap) chief abbot (of the a. of Clonmacnoise, RC xviii 287.15 Tig.). ardepscop (epscop) archbishop . ardṡuí (suí) chief sage. ardáenach (óenach, of Taillte, Keat. ii 3851 ). ardídal (ídal. á. na Héirenn .i. Cenn Crúaich, Trip.² 1005 ). Cf. ardchaerich adobcomnaicsi, ardlias duib, lias bec anisiu, caerig beca ann you are important sheep and have a great fold; this is a small fold with small sheep in it, Anecd. i 41.25 . Frequ. a mere intensive or alliterative prefix adding little to the meaning. A representative selection is given below. Some compds. have been included above to illus- trate meanings.

(a) With nouns. ¤-aicned haughtiness: nír dhénta uaill na ardaignedh, ÉC i 85.28 . ¤-ammus judgement, estimate (interchanges with airdmes), O'C. 1063 ( H. 3.18, 439a ) = airdmes, O'Don. 1629 (H. 5.15, 16b). O'Don. 542 ( H. 3.17, 434 ). O'C. 2578 ( Eg. 88, 49(50)a ). ¤-broenud gl. imber, Met. Gl. 5.2 , RC xx 276.23 (ACC). ¤-chell chief church: na tri haird-cealla (Maedóc's settlements), BNnÉ 260 § 220 . ? ¤-chellach incumbent of an ardchell(?): Adamnan ardcellach, Flower Cat. 490.30 . ¤-chend, as adj. having a lofty head: ech . . . ardchend, LU 8661 ( FB 49 ). da ech . . . ardchind, 8592 (ib. 45 ). for echaib ardchendaib, Alex. 253 . a Brain ardchind, LL 306a7 . As subst. a. iar- thair Eorpa ar . . . ecna, FM ii 838.2 . Moling 50 . ¤chless juggling in the air: ardchless co n-ublaib 'juggling in the air with balls' Celtica viii 149 (Mellbretha) . ¤-chustal: a. ┐ drochgné fair, LU 10829 `his loins girt(?)', Ériu xii 178 § 9 (TE). ¤-chor: ardchur ag an bpríomháid air while the primate had authority over him, Keat. iii 303 . árdchor aige ar na Scotaibh he had supremacy over the Scots, i 14.16. ¤-gabáil: gabaid a lēnid i n-ardgabāil `tucked up his shirt', Aisl. MC 9.25 . in ardgabail-sea doníat in cuanairt . . . `high-catching', Acall. 7385 . claideb . . . i n-a. gaili fora chris raised, uplifted (for action), LU 6561 (TBC) = i n-ard- gabail churad bar a chlíu, TBC 5340 . So also RC xliii 82 § 84 . seol grás uaidhe ar ardghabháil `a sail of graces is hoisted by Him', Aithd. D. 60.5 . do ardgabalaib in domuin chief conquests, ZCP iii 17.2 . ¤-gal: go gclos go nemh an a., Duan. Finn i 32.9 . As n.pr. co teach Eachdach meic Ard- gail, ZCP viii 219.27 . ¤-gním breast-work, rampart: aird- gníma (adhgnímha v.l.) caelaig, CCath. 1394 . ¤-mac : ardmhac oglaig (oppd. to certmac o.), O'C. 285 (H 3.18, 157) `chief son', Plummer MS notes. crichaireacht ... a taiseach, ┐a n-ard mac n-oglach, ┐ a n-olloman, Iar Conn. 368 (H. 2. 17, 188b). ¤-menma: dimus ┐a. arrogance, CCath. 3868 . ¤-mess: nir nanacht airdmes roclos / no chairdes no condolbos great esteem did not save him, SR 3135 . tria na n-a. ra halta / a cairdes bud ceṅgalta, LL 7134 . ¤-nemed: atnaig tar fót crúach i n-a. di[a] díte he conveys him over the bloody ground into full sanctuary for his protection, Críth Gabl. 54 . ¤-nert superior power: ardneart Muman do gabail dó, FM ii 1098.8 . ¤-nós: alladh ┐ ardnos, FM vi 2368.4 . As n.pr. Grigair mac Ardnōis, ZCP viii 114.25 . ¤-phersa : tech- tiri ártphersine gl. Christi apostoli, Wb. 24d9 . ¤-radarc : ed ardradairc . . . úan fa deas atá `of a great prospect', Ériu iv 142.16 . ¤ríge high kingship : debthaig immonn-ardríge SR 6538 . ¤-scél : innisim dó mh'airdsgēla great news, ZCP viii 220.40 . ¤-ṡreb : ō chéibh īochtuir airdshreibhi, O'R. Poems 204 . ¤taoiseach 'haut chef' ÉC xii 514 . ¤-thuile : abann ard-tuile in full spate, BNnÉ 108 § 33 .

(b) With adjj. ¤-aicentach: do bhádar árdaigeantach haughty, Ezech. xvi 50 . ¤-mór : esculus . . . .i. fid arddmár `a very high tree', Sg. 53a7 . ar muraib ardmoraib an baili, TTebe 4453 . trí chert Amairgen ardmóir, LL 1762 . ¤-men- mnach : airecht . . . a. high-spirited, CCath. 5362 . ¤-medrach sportive (of a wave), ML 94.16 . ¤-mín : a ingenraid n-a. tall and gentle, LU 3601 ( SC 30 ). óclach seta fata . . . n-a., LL 11793 . ¤-réil : co sleib n-Ailp n-a. lofty and bright, Rawl. 78b35 . ¤-úallach high and haughty. As n.pr. a. ingen Ḟind, Acall. 6453 . ¤-úasal : a ardrí . . . a., MU² 834 . cech etha ardūasail imbeth, ZCP xi 92 § 19 .

(c) With vbs. ¤-chuirid : d'ardchuir m'atuirse which in- creased my sadness, Hackett xii 29 . ¤-ḟodlaid : maith fáth ro hardfódlad de was nobly divided(?), LB 185a21 . ¤-gaibid : ro ardgaib Assal, Fen. 342.20 . ¤-légaid : airdleghais B. . . . an leabar ngreccda read aloud, BNnÉ 84 § 169 (cf. ar-léga). ¤-lesaigid : ró hoiled ┐ rohardleasáigiodh iad educated to a high standard, RC xiv 28 § 6 . ¤-mesaid : ar a eól is ardmesta `for his knowledge he deserves high esteem', Met. Dinds. iii 438.8 . ¤-rígaid: airdrīghaigh rí, ZCP viii 205.4 . ¤-thidlaicid: ro edhbair ┐ ro ardthiodhlaic he nobly bestowed, Anecd. iii 6. x .

2 assa(e)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 assa(e) or dil.ie/4492

adj io, iā easy, light: is asse duib maid do denum, Wb. 4a4 . mad asse dom gl. uellim autem esse apud uos, 20a1 . ni asse tacre . . . friss, 25b14 . ni asse nóib di suidib, 3d28 . connabí asse a aicsin leu, Ml. 116a1 . Ɔnách ase ditia do buith uandí as dis. , Sg. 104b4 . con[n]ách assa[e] bóaire do cach áe, Críth Gabl. 147 . inge .vii. n-uasalchuru nadat assai do thaithbiuch, Ériu xvii 66 § 7 ( Laws iv 210.1 ). ni hassa bith fria, LL 12434 . ro gabh an ní nad asa, FM i 336.3 . nocho n-asa a n-áirim gním Laigen, SG 375.37 . dia m-bad assa do etir if it was at all possible for him(?), Alex. 809 . In cheville: cúairt n-assa, Met. Dinds. iii 290.63 .

Compar. as asu, Sg. 187a3 . ? assu éc ernbáis, BDD² 718 . is assu ém damsa . . . oldás daitsiu, LU 4790 (TBC). is asso in tsīrgorta / oldās in sīrloscadh more bearable, ZCP vii 311 § 20 . Note also: astul .i. slisen nō gāe libuir nō assude a dul, Corm. Y 19 = assaite a dul, O'Mulc. 96 . Cf. 1 usa. With neg. it is difficult (on idiom see St. fr. Táin Gloss.): ní assu du chách imram isindroféith, Ml. 126a7 . ar ní assu nach ai araili dib one is just as difficult as the other, LU 2080 ( FA 15 ). ni asu araile, Laws iv 184.11 `it is one of the most difficult', Plummer MS notes. in t-oenchrand ni h-assu a chlód which it is not possible to fell(?), TBC 2349 . ní hassu dún . . . a idnaide, LU 5666 (TBC). In phrase is a.¤ la considers easy: is asa lim fuaidridh do cur, IT iii 201.3 . With compar.: is assu linn scarad friar corp, Wb. 15c22 . ba assu limm oldaas for n-imdibe-si, 20b9 . iss asu chách lind `the easiest thing in the world', Aisl. MC 103.18 . ce de bid assu latsu? TBC² 1221 (`which of the two would you deem the lighter?' St. fr. Táin Gloss.). Note also: co mbad esaiti leo a fecht ┐ a slogad, TBC 189 . With superl.: cia tír ass asam lat do thabairt dúinne, ZCP viii 318.34 .

As subst. in phr. iar n-assu after (the time when it was) easy (feasible); too late: cobair iar n-asa (sic leg., edd.), Mon. Tall. 164.22 (§ 90) . rabert giarb í in chobair iar n-assu (iarnasa v.l.), TBC 3942 . bid aithrigi iar n-assu, Ériu ii 138 § 134 . aithirge iar n-assu, LB 101 marg. inf. cia dorada aitrige / is hí ind hí iar n-assa, TFrag. 110.10 . bés bidh edón cidh áes Arda as nesa / mani pad ferr, a Dé, iar n-as[s]u / nī bud messu, Arch. iii 297 § 57 . But perh. difft. word.

As n.pr. Assa a ainmsi . . . ar ba hurussa a haltram, LL 12425 . Assa a hainm gó sin anald, ar ba hailgen, RC vi 174.20 .

astar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. astar or dil.ie/4524

Forms: aister, asdar, aisder, asdar, aisdear

n o. Also aister. asdar m. IGT Decl. § 17 . aisder m. § 23 . asdar, aisdear, Verbs § 83 . act of journeying; journey, travel; labour, travail: ic a.¤ no ic imthecht, TBC 1905 . iar naister tire accgairbhe, BNnÉ 83 § 166 . Tigir a hainm iar n-a.¤ hi pardus (on the names of the Boyne in different places), ZCP viii 106.15 . do thaobh aisdir an oirir, Content. vi 70 . tren in t-a.¤ (cheville), Met. Dinds. iii 70.66 . messe ragas for astur, LU 3925 ( SC 44 ). na minna bitt for aister, Laws v 266.10 Comm. meirbflech a astair ┐ a imthechta ┐ na sliged, TBC 6152 . tré allus a aistir ┐ imtheachta, TTebe 1094 . ni maith aister Domnaigh, SG 85.25 . cia buaid dúinni tadall in tsída sa ? . . . biaid t'ainm siu air i llog th'aistir, ii 490.48 . ba mor do chuid astair-si / is e Dia rosdligh, Anecd. ii 25 § 5 . Brenainn Birrae . . . / as dó dorala in astor (: apstol), BNnÉ 97 § 3 . fis a n-aister ┐ a n-uided, ML² 912 . ós mei-se as éasgaidh n-asdair / leig liom mo lucht tuarasdail, DDána 80.36 . arthrach na n-aisdear n-aoibhinn, 107.29 . aistior chloinne Israel, Numb. x 28 . ó mheud hastair, Is. lvii 10 . lucht aisdir travellers , Donl. 430.19 . ar aos tuillmhe 's tréan-aisdir, Content. xxviii 51 . nar ḟetatar asdur do dhenamh they could not move, BNnÉ 166 § 40 . gan asstar . . . do leiccen dó, FM vi 2116.22 . ? Fig. níorbh aisdear `it was no out of the way thing', Content. v 129 . In the sense of labour, toil, fatigue: eter . . . a.¤ ┐ galar, PH 502 . acht cid maith in ceard gaiscid / bec tuillim is mór n-aistir, SG 52.3 . a aithle a n-astair ┐ a sæthair, Aen. 508 . bá moa ro meirtnigheadh Art fris an diana.¤ , FM vi 1916.12 . sódh ar a dtaisdil mo throigh / ba mór n-aisdir dom anmoin, Dán Dé xxv 39 . dafarlaic cen lúag n-astair, Met. Dinds. ii 58.15 . labour (in sense of parturition): atáim a n-aisdior cloinne gl. parturio Cín Chille Cúile 404 (Latin-Irish dictionary in NLW MS Peniarth 184) . In Mod. Ir. burden-bearing part (of the back): ar asdar a guaille, Éigse i 29 .

Compd. ¤bras: an t-óg aisdearbhras, DDána 102.19 .

atharda

Cite this: eDIL s.v. atharda or dil.ie/4648

(athair)

I Adj. io, iā paternal, ancestral: selb fini athardai, Laws i 260.5 . bát seichmech ríagla athardai, LU 3492 ( SC 26 ). i n-agaid in rechta a.¤ , IT i 170.10 . cíarb' a.¤ rop aneól though he took after his father(?), Met. Dinds. iv 160.208 . ó a n-iathaibh athardha, ML 102.4 .

II Subst. fatherland, patrimony; native land: notbera cot athardu, Rawl. 82b22 . ardotchiat cach dia indálaib t'athardai eter du gnathu inmaini, LU 10028 (`in den Versammlungen deines Vaterlandes', ZCP xvii 203 ). in fil a.¤ aile acum acht so ? RC xxvii 274 § 26 . Oenfer Aife ciarba du / do diclith 'na athardu that he went unrecognised in his native land, Dinds. 95 . biaidh amal índiubarta i tuathaib . . . cin adhbaidh na atharrdha, LL 386b20 . im ardadh in agidh na hathardha, CCath. 101 . béim ar inchaib na ha.¤ , MR 302.1 . cisi slonnud no hainm no hatharrdai do, St. Ercuil 1298 . dá gach fhior a athardha, DDána 74.46 . iturus eris ad patriam tuam .i. raga . . . cot athardai fodein, Thr. Hom. 12.4 . fer roba mór teist . . . do réir a athardha `considering his patrimony', FM vi 1984.20 . críoch d'athardha fan seang sriobh / um cheann atharrdha a aithriotth, O'Hara 2717 . Of heaven: ro fhaidh sein a spirat co a athardha etir coraidh aingel, FM ii 1136.14 . óna athardha dhílis .i. flaitheas Dé, TSh. 6357 .

Further uses: airrdena na n-athardha d'aithris ancestors , MR 150.12 . ar socar d'fadbail da athardaib, TTebe 4170 . co n-urraind dā n-athardha umpa kinsmen, ML² 1775 . dochuaid Ailill Flann Bec i n-a.¤ co Ailill Flann Mar became the adopted son of A., Rawl. 148a10 . Flaithbertach . . . do dul a n-athardha co hAedh, RC xviii 19.5 (Tig.). Cf. athargad.

athbaistid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. athbaistid or dil.ie/4666

Forms: athbaisted

v (baistid) rebaptises, renames: mina athbaisteir (h-aitbaister v.l.), Ériu ii 184.11 . ba Gleann Caoin ba hainm dhó nó gur athbhaist Fionn an t-ainm sin fair, Maguires of F. 31 . Vn. athbaisted.

babb

Cite this: eDIL s.v. babb or dil.ie/5066

interjection (probably not Irish, but a version of the Greek exclamation of surprise βαβαι; cf. in continental word-lists babe admiratio est and babe ammiratio) wow!, whew! Stud. Celt. xxiv/xxv 56 , Celtica xxv 93 : b.¤ interiacht adbligthe de nomine bainb Bris maic Eladain, ar nī raibe i nĒre muc bud grátu. Babgither didiu a hainm-side, Corm. Y 118.

báine

Cite this: eDIL s.v. báine or dil.ie/5204

n , f. (bán)

(a) whiteness, pallor: baine inn ecca, CCath. 4203. baine ┐ glaisi, BB 330b7 . fort margan co mbáni on your white margin, Fél. Prol. 307. Baidb co mbáni, TFerbe 623 . do dā brathair co mbāine (i.e. dead), ZCP vi 265 § 19. fri ré Fer mBolg cen báne `unblenching', Met. Dinds. iii 168.23 (na mbaide, na baighi, v.ll.). do bhráighe bhláith / i mb.¤ bhláith don bhrághaid-sin, DDána 114.18 .

(b) In moral sense, purity: temair ban baine ingen inching gensa, LU 10254 (Tochm. Em.). fēili is bochta co mbāine (counsels for the religious life), ZCP vi 264 § 9. Brenainn go mbaine, BNnÉ 81 § 160 .

As n.pr. f. Báne a hainm , LL 4889. mac Báne ingine Scáil dia tá Cnocc Báne, 2955-6 .

bairgen

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bairgen or dil.ie/5232

n ā, f.

(a) bread, loaf: descad fo bairgin, Wb. 9b13 . bendachais . . . / . . . na coig bairghena, Blathm. 33. for usciu ┐ bairgin, Ériu xix 62 § 23. fer dénma bairgine gl. pistor, Sg. 184b3 . ised . . . as toisechem do duiniu .i. b.¤ (ref. to frumenti), Ml. 20d2 . tort .i. b.¤ , Corm. Y 1200. ainm . . . do losait arindī lethait[h]ir bairgin (b., v.l.) fuirre, Anecd. iv 69.11 (Corm. Y s.v. lethech). b.¤ in(d)ruic nó dí bairgin banḟuini a large loaf or two small loaves, Críth Gabl. 117 (see note). bairgin ferfuine, BCrólige 22 § 27 n. 2 . b.¤ huasal-laithe cona handlonn, Laws i 106.2 .i. b.¤ casc no notlac, no domnaigh, 27 . bargena réile remḟúir, SR 6172. cóic fichit bargen cruithnechta, LU 8125 ( FB 9 ). ní bheantar a hainm don bhairíghin (prov., i.e. bread of the poorest quality is still bread), Mac Aingil 4733 .

Of the Sacramental Bread: fobdidithir (leg. fobáidither, edd.) leth na bairgine isin cail[i]uch, Thes. ii 251.11 (Stowe M.). conbongar in b.¤ , 12 . cip é thóimles bairgin in choimded, PH 5342. san mbairghin gcaoimh gcoisreactha, Aithd. D. 53.14 . A portion of bread (bairgen Coluim Cilli): ochtmad im bairgine coluim cilli Mon. Tall. 155 § 68 . Peritia xvii/xviii 225 .

(b) In wider sense food, plain diet: b.¤ a nomine bargos [ἐπαρκῶς, ed.] i.e. saturitas , Corm. Y 172. b.¤ gl. holus, Wb. 6b10 . b.¤ gl. garga (leg. quadra ? Stokes), Ir. Gl. 141. in bh.¤ (here refers to a salmon), ZCP xi 43 § 37.

1 ben

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ben or dil.ie/5644

Forms: bean, bean, bein, mnái, mnaí, mnāi, mnai, mná, mnaa, bein, mnáoi, mná, mnaa, mná, mná, mban, ban, mnaibh, mnáib, mnaib, mnaaib, mnaibh, mhnaoi, mnai, ban-, banab, -aigne, -airchinnech

n ā, f. Thurn. Gramm. §§ 190 , 291 , Lohmann ZCP xix 63. bean aithnidh, f., IGT Decl. § 170. See also Ériu xvii 108.

I

(a) woman : n s. in b.¤ , Wb. 11c14 , Im. Brain 1 , PH 5720. bean, CCath. 1140. in bhean, Duan. Finn ii 130 § 23. v s. a b.¤ , LU 3420 ( SC 19 ). a s. bein ( KZ xlviii 65 ), Laws ii 382.15 ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 49 § 23 ), Met. Dinds. iv 178.w (: Celetir), Ériu vi 136.78 , Auraic. 1835. mnái gl. mulierem, Wb. 10a10 , Im. Brain 2 , CCath. 1141. mnaí, Críth Gabl. 125 , mnāi, Arch. iii 308.13 , mnai, Trip. 86.24 . g s. mná, Críth Gabl. 124 , Im. Brain 26 , PH 857. mnaa, LL 7558 , TSh. 5773. d s. bein, Auraic. 1833 , 5020 . mnáoi, Mon. Tall. 143.10 . n pl. mná (monosyll.), Im. Brain 41. mnaa (monosyll.), LL 44. mná, TSh. 5718. a pl. mná, LU 8265 ( FB 21 ). g pl. mban gl. mulieres, Wb. 22c10 . ban, Ml. 65c16 . d pl. `somet. disyllabic in verse,' Thurn. Gramm. § 291 , mnaibh (disyll.), Blathm. 586. mnáib, LU 3266 ( SC 6 ), RC xiii 36 § 2. mnaib (mono- syll.), LU 3950 ( SC 44 ). mnaaib, LL 2919. mnaibh, ZCP xvi 225.4 . n du. dī mnái, Cáin Ad. 25. dá mhnaoi , Dán Dé iii 15 . di mnai dec, BCrólige 32 .

As dist. from a virgin: ni finntar in b.¤ fa nac si, Ir. Recht 5 § 3 . femen . . . .i. femur .i. sliasat, air is and is b.¤-si intan fognaithir dia sliasait, Auraic. 609. Of a bird: ben a lleinn co londath Murphy Lyrics 10 § 10 , Ériu xxii 51 .

(b) With following defining word. With adj.: b.¤ gáelmar, see gáelmar. b.¤ uasal `a lady', BNnÉ 121 § 56 . With part. b.¤ pósta. With gen. of definition or description: b.¤ áirge woman of the milking place, dairymaid : in b.¤ airge, Ir. Recht 9 § 11. b.¤ aititen, see aititiu. b.¤ chengail wife: nach béidh fear ’gā mhnaoi cheangail Celtica iv 109 § 10 . b.¤ crislaig: is i in b.¤ c. .i. is le fein in coimpert sin (lit.) woman of the womb, Laws v 202.13 Comm. See crislach. b.¤ chraí (chruí) the wife of a deceased relative; a forbidden woman: nír ben chrábaid ach ben chraí `not a holy wife but an unlawful one´ Celtica x 105 § 3 . ’na grádaig mnaí craí ná col `do not love a woman forbidden to you´ 105 § 5 . ro bui inna mnoí crui, icá derbrathair … conid hi sin cetben crui ro hincrechadh riamh 111 (King’s Inns MS. 10) . ar a bith ben crui .i. oca derbrathair ibid. (NLS MS. 72.1.5) . b.¤ chuil (cholach) : ’na grádaig mnaí craí ná col `do not love a woman forbidden to you´ Celtica x 105 § 5 . dā ccionntuighthea ré mnaoi chuil Mac Aingil 3002 . mnai cuínnceda betrothed woman, BB 442b4 . an bhean chuinghedha, IGT Decl. ex. 1198. b.¤ ḟir married woman: fóemad serce a mban fer Ériu lix 70 . b.¤ ḟúataig an abducted woman (see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 90 ). b.¤ gáeil kins- woman : is í a b.¤ gáeil fen phósas, PH 7790. See 1 gáel. b.¤ grésa embroidress : coeca ban [n]gressa is ferr bói a nEirinn `sempstress' (Gloss.), Acall. 5537. See 1 grés. b.¤ imtha see immad. b.¤ oéntama single, unmarried woman (see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 107.10 ). slān slithi mnā oēntama `immunity for overcoming a single woman by stealth' ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 107.13 ), ZCP xv 351 § 40. See oentam, 1 oen- tama. b.¤ síde, see 1 síd. b.¤ tanaisi lanamnusa `second [subordinate] woman of union', BCrólige 56 . ag mnaoi Mháighe by the lady of the Maigue, DDána 99.37 .

(c) In g s. with prec. noun female, -ess, etc.: aoighe mná nách mair a fear `a stranger woman', TD 11.32 . dalta mna `a foster-daughter', BNnÉ 120.16 . Bóann, fāigh mnā prophetess, ZCP xiii 166.9 . ni thaghuill b.¤ no leanobh og mna a reileg `no woman or young female child', Mart. Don. 400.25 .

II wife : mo bensa `my wife', Sg. 61b14 . Tea b.¤ Ermoin meic Milid, Thes. ii 314.24 . leth díri cach gráid túaithe fora mnaí, Críth Gabl. 125. cetharda[e] ndíllat(a) leis ┐ a ben `he and his wife have' (note), 199 . orca[e] lia be[i]n, 408 . coblaith dia mnai fri bein in rig equal rank with the king's wife for his wife, Ériu vi 136.14 . b.¤ dagḟir, LL 7554. ro theacht mhnaoi a dhingbhāla `he had a worthy wife', Fl. Earls 132.22 . tré mhnaoi Thighearnáin Uí Ruairc do bhreith leis, TSh. 5471.

Compds. ban- is the normal composition form (for gender of compds. see Thurn. Gramm. § 254 , O'Rahilly, Ériu ix 16 ff.). When prefixed to a noun (1) denoting a male person or animal it makes a corresponding female form; (2) it has adj. force and means female, pertaining to a woman .

With nouns. ¤abb abbess : banab gl. abatissa, Ir. Gl. 22. Finnguala . . . banab Chille Craebnat, Ann. Conn. 1301.2 . banab m., IGT Decl. § 21 , g s. an banabadh, ex. 788 . mar bhanabaidh ndlighthigh `Abbesse', RSClára 98a . ¤accaid (see aiccid) female tenant, farmer : (contemptuously of Medb) cid ra mer in cali ┐ in b.¤ , TBC 1934. ? ¤aicde woman's handiwork : ar cirtha adbullom banaicdigh, Laws ii 394.10 Comm. banaicidh (but leg. -aicdi, Stud. in E. Ir. Law, 35.1) uaidhsiumh `feminine implements' (supplied by her husband to the woman worker described as a beccdéntaid), Laws ii 410.22 Comm. ¤aiced (collect. cf. prec.) woman's implements, tools : comad urlam a frichnam ac ban-aicidhibh, O'C. 661 (H.3.18, 323). ¤aided woman's death (i.e. in child-birth): cen mna décaib de banaidid, Dinds. 161. -aigne female advocate: mar bhanaighne is ort anaim, PBocht 14.36 . -airchinnech female erenagh ; abbess : b.¤ gl. antesta, antestita, Sg. 66a17 . tanic an banairchindeach do béin cluig, YBL 1a19 . co banairchinnig Lainne, BColm. 26 § 28. b.¤ na hecalsa `prioress', Lism. L. 1436. ¤airfitech female musician : banairfidech Thíre Tairnngaire uli hí, Acall. 7205. ¤airle woman's counsel : Adham Samson Solum rí / romersat a mbanairlí, Ériu ii 229.9 . (in rhetoric) b.¤ betha (báetha, LU) nacha auchaide heed not the foolish words of women, TBC² 2092. ¤aite: ó bhan- oide na gcuradh .i. Scáthach `instructress', Keat. ii 3390. ¤aitire: b.¤ tainic tar cend banbidbad (sic leg.) re laim a ban- fecheman and `a female surety', Laws i 148.24 Comm. apad naile ┐ anadh naile o ban etere for banbidhbaidh, O'C. 988 (H. 3.18 424b) = Laws i 148.28 Comm. ¤ammait witch, hag (with magic power): robai banamaid i tig in rig . . . ┐ dobert a mathair Corc for faesam na hamaide, BB 251a35 . ¤amus woman-servant, female hireling: mad feramus nó b.¤ noda-mela (of grinding with a quern on Sunday), Ériu ii 204.22 . b., a folac a incaib maicc no celi `a hired woman', Ériu xii 85 § 4. mac banamsa, ZCP xvi 215.33 . rucus comaltar do banamuis, xv 310 § 6 . sóeramais ┐ banamais ic roind ┐ ic dáil dóib, Ériu iv 124.27 . ¤augra: máth b.¤ co sārtairbirt trī muilt ind `a fight among women', Cáin Ad. 44. ¤augtar: Bridhe ban- ughdar, Keat. iii 498.

¤breth female judgment, judgment of (concerning ?) women: banbrethaib glossed bretha ban, O'Dav. 994. b.¤ briugu female briugu EIF 417 : batir banbrugaid sōn Corm. Y 87.12 (§1018) . Becnait banbhrugaid ainm (na) mná maithe si Acall. 1876 . ¤búachaill herdswoman: sech ba bard, ba b.¤ , Met. Dinds. iv 22.20 .

¤cháem: banchōem de Alpa female noble, Celtica iii 182.3 . ¤chaingen female question, case: nocha n-ē an banc[h]aingen / berar ar cúl, ZCP viii 216.32 . ¤cháinte female satirist, lampooner: ba banchainte (viz. Lebarcham), IT i 71.12 ( Lg. 6 ). cont-ric fri Richis mbancháinti, MU² 1029 ( LU 1528 ). a comlebaid na banchainti, Cóir Anm. 54. ¤chara woman friend: do uc Mane banscál n-alachtai b.¤ dó `a concubine of his', Trip. 86.19 . b.¤ in dorchaduis (= amica tenebrarum, ed.), Aisl. Tund. 95 § 2. bretha in mac . . . cúa bancharait, LU 1663 ( RC ix 454.10 ). ¤chath: conid b.¤ Rochada insin `Rochad's Woman-fight' (Faraday), LU 5945 (bān-, TBC² 1479 ). ¤chéile female companion, mate, wife: a bancheli díngbala diabuil, PH 8175. as i fa banchele dó .i. Eithne Taebhḟada his wife (of a king), Ériu iii 150 § 1. ¤chenn female ruler: (of B.V.M.) tú bain-cheann brogha nimhe, A. Ó Dálaigh xi 5. ¤chimbid female captive: co mbanchimidh lais i n-ergabhail, Anecd. ii 12.15 . ¤chlíamain female relative- in-law: a bhainchlíamhuin Sárai bean a mhic Abram = daughter in law, Gen. xi 31. go ma malluigh an té luighios léna bhainchlíamhuin = mother in law, Deut. xxvii 23. ¤choairt female land-holder: b.¤ mnā, ZCP vii 300.2 . ¤choic female cook: bancoig gl. presena (sic), Ir. Gl. 247. atgnīed cach b.¤ dībh a būaraigh, ZCP vii 300.9 . ¤choimdiu female ruler, mistress, lady: inna banchoimded gl. dominatricis, Ml. 84c4 . isin banchoimdid gl. in domina, 129c7 . ¤choimétaid ( ¤aige) female guardian, custodian: a bhuime ┐ a bhan- coimedaidhe, BNnÉ 192 § 9.5 . banchoimedaith do chiraib ┐ do clioirib `keeper of . . . combs and caskets', Dinds. 80. See banchola. ¤chomairlid female adviser; woman councillor: banflatha ┐ banchomairlighe, Anecd. ii 64.7 . ¤chomarba heiress (see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 103 f .) glossing be togai: .i. b.¤ las-mbi fer for bantinchur, Ir. Recht 8 § 9. female coarb, successor (as head of religious community): bancomurba Brighdi, RC xviii 31.30 . ¤chorr female heron: in b.¤ , Triads 237 . ¤chró: lánéraic a mb.¤ of their female stock, Cáin Ad. 29. ¤chú bitch: ba banc[h]ú tra in t-orci ┐ ba torrach, Corm. Y 883.39 . b.¤chuire woman-troop: cichit biet b.¤chuire, ÉC xv 539 . ¤chumal bondwoman: b.¤ dit muntir atamchomnaic, LL 7749 ( TBC 219 ). ro gonais cride . . . do banchumale fen, LB 233a58 .

¤dálem waitress: b.¤ gl. caupona, Sg. 63a3 (see ÉC xi 128 ). ¤dalta: ónmid b.¤ doib a female ward, ZCP viii 308.31 . ¤dechon see dechon. ¤día goddess: Brigit . . . bandēa no adratis filid . . . eam deam uocant poetarum , Corm. Y 150. bándǽ iffirnn gl. Parcas, Sg. 53b1 . Ceres bandea hetho, 60a4 . bandia Cimodocia `the goddess Cymodoce', Aen. 2410. a meic na baindea, 2411 . ¤deiscipul female disciple: doronai Patraic combo bandescipul dó, Trip. 178.11 . ¤delb: nói mbain-delba (-delbda, (mná) remhra, v.ll.) dluth-chóema `nine female forms', Met. Dinds. ii 28.4 . ¤deoraid woman-stranger, woman outsider: cumad miach sliged do bandeoraidh, Laws ii 390.26 Comm . Fig. (of a flag) bratach mheic éachtaigh Eoghain / minic bhíos n-a baindeoraidh, DDána 85.7 . ¤dialt feminine declension, Auraic. 1830. ¤druí druidess; female skilled in magic arts: tri ferdruid ┐ tri bandrúid, TBC 2402 = dī (leg. tri) drúid insin ┐ a teóra mná, TBC² 1767. bandrai ┐ bancumachtach mē, ZCP xii 252.14 . a mhaca na ban- drúagh = of the sorceress, Is. lvii 3.

¤ech mare: (description of a camel) anmann iongantach . . . ionsamhail bhaineich, FM iv 1080.11 . ¤echlach female horse-messenger: cuiris E. a baineachlach arcend Meadba co Cruachain `female messenger', Ériu ii 178.20 . ¤écht: ni dernnsat banechta ban `have never committed woman-slaughter', MR 212.9 . gan bainéacht do dhéanamh lé `not to slay a woman with it' (one of three `geasa' on a spear), Keat. ii 4389. ¤éices poetess: baneices, LL 1110. ¤én hen bird: ise in mintan cid banen (i.e. the word `mintan' is masc. though it denotes a female bird), Auraic. 541. ¤ernas- taid female spouse, wife: (in spiritual sense of Christ and the Church) in fáilte fil do'nd ernastaid spirutalda i n-a mb.¤ , PH 3987. ba sí síur ind Oedha roba bainernustaidh don tí Niall `Hugh's sister was N.'s wife', Hugh Roe 252.2 . ¤esba woman's wantonness: condot ellat / eter briga banespa, LU 3525 ( SC 28 ).

¤ḟáith, ¤ḟáid woman seer, prophetess: a Feidélm banḟaith co acci in slúag? LU 4530 ( TBC² 43 ). Feidelm banḟáid . . . atamchomnaicse, LL 7750. M. bhanfháigh, Exod. xv 20. ¤ḟéinnid woman warrior, amazon: N. . . . ro bith and la hE. mbanfeinded `E. the championess', Dinds. 105. na banḟéndi, TTr² 1698 . ¤ḟeis(s) see banais. ¤ḟigige woman weaver: bacan na bainfighidh, BNnÉ 191.4 . ¤ḟili poetess: Fedelm banfili do Chonnachtaib mo ainmsea, LU 4525 (TBC). Quies Huall- aige . . . banḟile Herend, Ann. Inisf. 934. ¤ḟlaith princess, sovereign lady: banflaith .i. ben . . . amal Meidb Cruachna, Ir. Recht. 4 § 1. iar nairdbiu inna banflatha sin gl. Athalia, `queen', Ml. 14a2 . ¤ḟuine baking, kneading done by a woman hence (in opp. to fer-ḟuine) baking of a smaller size, quantity or measure: ceitheora bairgena fichet do banfuine, ZCP xiv 356.7 .

¤gaiscedach female champion: banghaisgedach do mhuinn- tir Ghuill, ML² 412. ¤gal woman's feat of arms: b.¤ (sic leg., ed.) banuallach and-so ale, TBC 4312 ( LL 11116 ). ¤galgat female champion: for slicht na bangalgaite, Airne F. 29. ¤geis: nā gabaidh na baingesa let them not touch forbidden things (i.e. have dealings with a woman), ZCP xii 394.4 . ¤gíall female hostage: (of Mary) ba bangīall (sic leg.: Gabhrīal) Rīgh in rīchidh, ZCP viii 562 § 3. ¤glór: tuath-bhanglór tásc- labartha troch `perverse woman-like talk', MR 294.21 . ¤gním: do chuaidh b.¤ tar fergním ag C. the action of a female overcame C.'s action of a male, Comp. Con C. 116.13 . With 1 grád female rank: teora cumhala cach bangradh do neach is ingen graidh sechta, O'D. 2397 ( Rawl. B 506, 49 ). With 2 grád love for a woman: laigi fri b.¤ , LU 3590 ( SC 30 ). ¤grés woman's work, needlework; in comic name: Brecan mac Bangresa, Anecd. ii 55.15 . Cf. baingrésach, Acall. 5537 v.l. ¤Gúaire female counterpart of G.: a bhanGhuaire Chláir Chormaic, Dánta Gr. 16.24 .

¤impir empress: do chúala in bhainimpir sin .i. Saphia, ZCP xiii 181.27 . ¤inne women's mind, intuition (?): tic b.¤ don banmíl, LL 375a43 . ¤insce, ¤innsgne feminine gender: gach banindsci, Corm. Y 1219. ferinnsci ┐ banninsci (ban- indsge, 3024 YBL) . . . lasin nGaidel .i. mascul ┐ femen . . . lasin Laitneoir, Auraic. 521. gobhar gabhar . . . indscne bainindsci innta they take a feminine pronoun, IGT Decl. § 17.23 (usually contracted to b.¤ ).

¤ auspicious day for women: trí banlae: lúan, mairt, cétaín, Triads 216 . Cf. trí ferlae, 217 . ¤leiccerd, ¤lethcerd poetess (see L 75.30): Etan ingen Dīancēcht, banlethcerd (bannlicerd, Corm. 37 ), Corm. Y 537 . Cf. -éices supra. do Sampait . . . buachail dī ┐ banlicerd isen, BB 393a46 ( Dinds. 86 ). Cf. (of S.) sech ba bard, ba ban-búachail, Met. Dinds. iv 22.20 . co comfarnaic frie Gris banliccerd ingen Ricisi, BB 368a25 . ¤lennán mistress: at banlendan ┐ at menmarc fer n-domain uli, LU 8237 ( FB 18 ). a baínleandan ┐ a mnai cuínnceda, BB 442b4 . luidh i riocht bain-leandain Conoinn, Leb. Gab. 82.6 . ¤léo, léoman lioness: banleu, ÉC xi 125. fer-léo ┐ bain-leo, BNnÉ 84 § 171 . dealbh bhain- leomhain, Keat. iii 2002. ¤liaig woman physician, leech; A. b.¤ (daughter of Dian Cécht), LL 1110.

¤mac(c), ¤mac(c)án female infant, a girl-child (see O'Rahilly, Ériu ix 16 ff .): it brestai in bainmaicc `the woman-children', Fél. July 20 . intan asberar ise (= is é) in banmhac-sa (of a masc. noun used for a female), Auraic. 531. Lende banmac ben ba Tuathail / . . . / Báne a hainm , LL 4888. dia mbad missi in banmacan, / nocechrainn cach faelmacan, Auraic. 533 (= banmacam, 3163 ). ¤máer: banmhaor . . . ag tabach na cána soin seachnóin Éireann `a female steward', Keat. i 182.3 . ¤maigister: ingena . . . ┐ do bí banmaighister accu `a governess', Fier. 93. ¤mug bondwoman: cride . . . do ban- chumale fen ┐ do banmogad, LB 233a58 . caoca fermhogh ┐ caoca banmhogh, Buile S. 104.31 .

¤náma(e) female enemy: bannamae gl. inimica, Ml. 26a4 . a bannámu diabuil, PH 8327. ¤noéb(-m) holy woman, female saint: sarucchadh na bannaoimhe, FM v 1668.7 . ag naomh nó ag bannaomh, TSh. 1048.

¤óclach: go léigfeadh . . . gach uile dhuine a bhanóglach sáor = maidservant , Jer. xxxiv 9. amhail banóglaoich, Keat. ii 4699. ¤óg virgin , BNnÉ 189 § 38 . do-ṡaoileadar . . . gur loisgeadh an banoigh ionrac, Ériu v 76.30 . tar an mbanoigh, 32 . ¤oígi: banoegi (banogi, MS.) `female guest', Sg. 66a15 . ¤othrus: annsom i mbrithemnacht otrusa la Fēne banotrus `nursing of women', BCrólige 30 .

¤rechtaire: rechtairi ┐ banrechtairi . . . ic dáil dóib side ` stewardesses ', Ériu iv 124.19 . dís bhanrachtaireadha `two dairymaids', ITS xvi 118.1 . ¤ríga(i)n queen: is si robad banrígan in chóicid uli, LU 8259 ( FB 20 ). inghean rígh thír na mbéo / is bainríoghain fós, Oss. iv 250.10 . ¤rígnacht queenship: b.¤ úas bantrocht, LU 8231 ( FB 17 ). ? ¤rothán: banrothan (: ¤ṡrothán ?) (name of a metrical stanza), IT iii 101 § 181. -rún: ni dat maithe banrúna, IT i 123.18 . ( TE 9 Eg.)

¤ṡáer: bansaer `a woman wright', BCrólige 32 . -ṡacart priestess: bansagart Iunaindi iside, Aen. 1673. ¤ṡégonn, ¤ṡégainn a distinguished, accomplished lady; consort of a ségainn: manad-fuil . . . nac mbainsedoind lib-si nad gu- bansedonn (Find asks Cormac for a bride), ZCP xiii 268.19 . cach rí cona rígain, . . . cach ségaind cona banshégaind, MU² 198 . ¤ṡéitig ( ¤ṡéitche) wife: is ecoir do sailisi misi d'fhaghail do bainseitci `as wife', ZCP vi 26.22 . ¤ṡelgaire huntress: i ndelb bansealgairi (viz. Venus), Aen. 293. ¤ṡenchas history, traditions of (celebrated) women: b., buidne, bága (recited at the Fair of Carmun), Met. Dinds. iii 20.15 . bainṡenchas Erind anso siss, BB 282a11 (title. See RC xlvii 282 ). Leabhar Bainseanchuis, Keat. i 80.5 . ¤tṡeomratóir, ¤ṡeomróir female chamberlain: do goir cuice a bainseomróir (bantṡeomradoír, v.l.), Fier. 92. ¤ṡídaige female dweller in a síd, fairy woman: is é dochoid in n-ectra . . . re Náir b.¤ , LL 2898. conid si aided Moingfinde bansidaige `so this is the death of M. the Banshee', RC xxiv 178.18 . ¤ṡlecht: co hAth mbannslechta to the Ford of Woman-Slaughter, Ériu v 212 n. 92 - 96 .

¤tairchetlaid prophetess: bantaircetlaid Críst (said of St. Brigit), Lism. L. 1704 . ¤tairngertaid prophetess: is hī seo bantairrngertaig Chrīst, ZCP xii 293.31 . ¤tairismid: banter- ismid gl. obstetrix, Sg. 69a18 . bantairsi (leg. tairismidi?), Lism. L. 1201. ¤tellach: techta cach banteallaig `every woman's entry', Laws iv 8.22 . dethbir in baintellaigh ┐ in feartellaigh .i. anus dechmuide dfir anus cethruime do mnaoi, 14.22 Comm. ¤teolaid see teolaid. ¤tigerna lady; mistress; female ruler: b.¤ Clainni Connmaig re linn tri tigerna `Lady of Clanconway' (first as wife and then as Dowager, n. 3), Ann. Conn. 1411.30 . dobudh baintighearna dhó féin (the soul) that was his (i.e. the body's) own mistress, TSh. 9678. an sólās do bhí ar ar mbain- tighearna ghlórmuir (viz. Muire), Parrth. Anm. 3792. uinge dor ag an mBaintiagarnain . . . a neaghmais amantuir Tiarna; ┐ tri huinge san mbliaghain do chios Bantiarnain . . . a neagh- mais, etc. `Lady's rent', Trans. RIA xv 43.z , 44.2 . ¤tinchor the property brought by a woman on marrying: fer for ban- tincur, Laws ii 356.7 . acht do bithsiu ar bantincur mnaa supported by a woman, LL 7558. ¤tindnacul = prec. ? fer ratchuir ar bantidnacul mna who has made you dependent on a woman's bounty, LL 12250 ( TBC 5998 ). ¤toísech: bantais- ech ingenraid[e] na Cruachnai ` chieftainess ', Dinds. 80. ¤trebthach see baintrebthach. ¤túath: ag na bantuathaibh seo bhádar an dá ríoghdhámh `noble females', Keat. i 218.16 . ¤túathaid (supernatural) woman with magic power: ar ba cumachtach sidhe ┐ bantuathaíd cen bai a colaind, BB 264a7 ( SG 332.9 ). ¤tuilg (a d s.) applied (? only) to wife, consort of a briugu: (of Feast of Tara) ni teded dia hol . . . brudidh gin bantuilg leis, ZCP xiii 260.14 . briuga cin bantuilcc, 268.13 . cach briugu cona bantuilg each hospitaller with his consort, MU² 196.

¤úa female descendant: ag banua Iarla Uladh, DDána 99.10 . banua niece Plunkett s.v. neptis , Celtica xix 138 .

With adjj. derived from nouns: ¤éccoscda of womanly kind, form: onni as feminina, femina .i. banda no banecoscda, Auraic. 612. ¤gnéthech(-ach): bangnethach no bangnimach `of woman- ly activities', Auraic. 612. ¤úallach: (of a woman's feat of arms) bangal (sic leg., ed.) banuallach and-so ale, TBC 4312 ( LL 11116 ). As subst. ¤áirgech milkmaid: an bhanairgheach, Buile S. 177.27 . ar na cocairibh ┐ banairghibh `dairy-maids', Rule of Tall. 8.12 . ¤bachlach gl. leno, Sg. 52a5 . pn As epithet: ¤Bretnach British woman, Anecd. iii 57.6 . ¤cháintech female satirist: bancháinteach Chonchubhair da ngairthí Leabhar- cham, Keat. ii 2952. ¤chumachtach woman possessing magic power: Cáoineocc ban-cumachtach sithe `a fairy witch', BNnÉ 151.33 . (epithet of Venus) imthusa Beniri ban- chumachtaighi, TTebe 1046 . ¤grésach (1 grés): baingrésach, Acall. 5537 v.l. ¤Laignech Leinster-woman: ropo beoda in b.¤ , Rawl. 87a35 . ¤túaithech witch, wise woman: bantuathecha (sic, bantuatha, banthuach, v.ll.) Tuathe de Danand, LL 16545. woman of Túatha Dé Danand: .iii. híngeana Earnmhais na banthuathaíghe, BB 33a38 . Be Chuille ┐ Dianand na dí bantuathig, LL 1112. Badb ┐ Macha ┐ Anand . . . tri ingena Ernbais na bantuathige, 1121 . female chief: ionann . . . tuathach ┐ tighearna . . . do beirthear dá bhantuathaigh ar Bheuchuill ┐ ar Dhanainn, do bhí 'na mbaintighearnaibh aca, Keat. i 214.25 .

Rarely with form ben-. ¤Ebrach: mas eabhrach nó air beineabhrach = Hebrewess, Jer. xxxiv 9. ¤gág wrinkled woman, hag: a bh.¤ , Buile S. 86.28 . ¤geilt madwoman: co ttarla bengheilt dó ann, Buile S. 108.6 . ¤impire empress: Henri mac na Beinimpire, Mart. Don. xxix 29.

See banais, banaltra, bantrocht, banscál.

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