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ad-ais

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-ais or dil.ie/272
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: -ais, aghus

v In dep. position usually -ais, see GOI § 543 (a) By Hull, Language xxiii 422 - 3 and ZCP xxviii 258 - 9 taken as meaning fears: ess ann is etoil duiniv an tan is lān dērcae imthēd co ndēirc, adnais (atnas v.l.) cech n-olc, cartha cech maith hates (?), ZCP iii 448.5 . aghus Dia, 7 (contaminated with ad-ágathar; aghais, ais, v.ll. , Language xxiii 422) . a n-adais ïer mbās, 454.19 . cia t'ainmsiu . . . nachit ais nachit chara, LU 5797 (TBC). isbert Lug . . . nachadais nachadcaru, ZCP xii 404.4 . on do ḟiur adnaiset gruaidi, Laws v 370.6 `lit. a loan to a man whom cheeks fear i.e. a man whom honour fears, a dishonourable person', Hull, ZCP xxviii 258 ; specifically a cáinte 'satirist', Cáin Ónae 42 . ni ais tenid na midhnais / cene snigess snechta . . ., O'Mulc. 110 = ni aiss t. na mid nais, H 3.18, 75 a20 . rolā a moing dar a hais / cride maith recht nodaais, Fianaig. 16 § 43 .

1 áes

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 áes or dil.ie/644

Forms: āis, áesa, aíse, áeis

n o, n. g s. āis, Corm. Y 322 , Ériu iv 158 § 35 . Later also áesa, aíse. Later f. áeis f., IGT Decl. § 14 .

(a) age, years (of persons, etc.): ce méit as [s]inu aís quam Abracham , Wb. 34a5 . is a cétnae nais gl. Cuius primam aetatem, Ml. 87b10 . is ed a n-áess cétna atáat, Trip.² 1381 . cia hais a roibi M. . . . a n-ais a da bliadan dec, YBL 155a32 . gach mac . . . da raibi a n-aeis in Airdrīgh who was the same age as the high king (i.e. Christ), ACL iii 245 § 22 . secht mbliadnai fil inna aes, BDD² 1140 . it mathi ind óicc ina n-aes, 897 . is e laech a aesa is dech ro bai a nErinn the best warrior for his age, TBFr. p. 15 § 1 . Murchad . . . / macc a āisse as ḟerr co n-anmain, Bruchst. i 14 § 24 ( IT iii 74 § 35 ). cinnas a aesa-sum in meic bic sin innossa, TBC-LL¹ 845 . is áis cēt bliadan dam `I am a hundred years of age, ZCP vi 58.15 . aois áiridhe ┐ foghluim iomchubhaidh (qualifications of candidate for orders), Parrth. Anma 3107 . ar a.¤ in the matter of age, in years: cia ba nóidenán ar áes (: ingaes) `though he was a babe in years', Thes. ii 291.16 (Hy. i). ingen bad chomadais dó ar aís ┐ cruth, LU 10187 . mású ar aís m'athar, as sinem and Éndae Cromm if it be a question of my father's age, Trip.² 1485 . íar n-áesaib according to age: a fari dúib iar n-aesaib, LU 9052 ( FB § 80 . ) mithig anad do báesaib / nocha n-iar n-áesaib tíagair it is high time to desist from folly, it is not according to age that one goes (to death), ACL iii 215.6 . Fig. cia áis in lái anosa? what time is it?, Acall. 505 v.l. cetain ar ai laithi sechtmaine ┐ ochtmadh uathad ar aí aessa esci as regards the age of the moon, AU ii 152.2 . ?cia on cotagair aesa éscai, LL 1564 . With qualifying words: iar n-ais toga the age of choice (i.e. of marriage or otherwise), Ir. Recht 37.28 . a n-ais ica leth dire, Laws v 150.25 Comm. riasiu thi aes cadhnuigh doibh, ii 46.15 Comm. go bhfuilim i n-aois óg-laoich (i.e. thirty years), Dán Dé xxv 39 . a n-áis tserruig when it is a colt, Ériu iv 214.26 .

(b) stage, period (of life): ho oclachas ón, cenid ed as chetnae náis in homine, Ml. 44c26 . colamna āis .i. aimsera āis .i. naoidendacht etc., (of the seven ages of man), Corm. Y 322 . teit i n-oesaib co fo tri / gach oen fhothraigios eiste `life's stage is traversed thrice', SG 248.32 . Specifically of youth, prime: is dered dot' āeis (of a woman past her beauty), ZCP vi 266 § 6 . i tuile a ratha ┐ a áissi dó, CCath. 353 . Of old age: co háis ┐ chríne, LL 283b9 . uile attrebthaide na cathrach etir áes ┐ áetid old and young, LL 220b42 . ( TTr. 270 ). i sliab n-óited i fiadach (fidach v.l.) n-aise (ais v.l.), RC xxvi 26 § 92 . beimmi cen aes, cen érchra, sunn co brath, Trip.² 274 . cen ais cen forcend, PH 7125 . i n-a ligi áisi . . . ár ṅdichur a ṅgascid, CRR § 14 . fleadh aíse the Feast of Age, one of the festivals of the Túatha Dé Danann: do bhídís T.D.D. . . . ag caithiomh Fleidhe Aoise ann gach síoth fá seach, Atlantis iv 118.26 . ag caithiomh na Fleighe Aoise go súbhach, 138.28 . Fig. feadh an laoi-si ma fhleadhaibh / bu fleadh aoisi d'fhileadhaibh, Ériu v 54.z .

(c) lifetime: dochaith se dā trian a aisi ┐ a aimsiri re gaisced, RC x 190.26 . is and robaí in domun immedon a aísi ┐ a brotha ┐ a borrfaid, LL 235a30 . Colum co crábud co ngrís / dom snádud iar n-aís for nem, LL 4815 . gur chaitheas urmhór m'aoise, Dán Dé xi 7 . feadh m'aoise throughout my days, xv 2 . In phrase ó (a) aís all (his) life: a ndor-airngred duit ót áis, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 20.7 . amal bid occaib nobeith o ais as if he had been at them all his life, RC x 78.16 . ar tí Temra duit ot áis, `since thou art intent upon Temair for thyself' Cog. 124.3 `all thy life', Ériu ii 87 . ben Chaim Oliuan o haís all her life, LL 16478 ( RC xlvii 290.6 ).

(d) age of the world, era: is d'aes tānaissi, nī tār / ō dīlinn co Abrahám, ZCP iii 17.9 . fodhailter in aimsear . . . a bliadhain i saegul, a saegul i n-aeis, MR 108.6 . an tan fá haois don Tighearna, 447 , Keat. ii 6142 .

(e) In phrases with úair: as í sin aes ┐ uair ro ghabh íttu Diarmait that was the very time when, Acall. 2321 . as i sin . . . aes ┐ uair dobi imshnim mor ar menmain Ioib, TTebe 2595 . ó do riacht chuice co haes na huairi sin till that very moment, Acall. 1625 . on luan re samain go hais na huaire seo, ZCP x 301.20 .

1 ais

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ais or dil.ie/2466

n back, hinder part: for a.¤ in slebe on the ridge of the mountain, RC v 200 § 12 (cf. a .i. cnoc, O'Cl.). ? do treabaidh a.¤ na muire, Leb. Gab.(i) 36.11 . Cf. colla tha.¤ be off, Mon. Tall. 130.12

Frequ. in phrases with prepp., with or without poss. referring to accompanying noun or subj. of verb.

With AR, FOR: dena coinmed cruaid do shlūaig ar cech aiss (: tais) `on every side', KMMisc. 262.2 ar cach a.¤ co roicher Róim (: mhais) that somehow or other I may reach R., SG 29.34 . ar a.¤ back: tērnoidhiss ar a.¤ , Fl. Earls 130.33 . miana an chuirp do chur ar a.¤ to drive back, Dán Dé xix 8 . an séad-sain ar a.¤ d'fhagháil to get back, DDána 102.33 . do bhuain na hinghine ar a.¤ `to recover the maiden', TD 20.51 . ar a.¤ ní fhuighbheam do mhóid /cóig glais muna fhuilngeam uaid `I shall not set back Thy anger', Dán Dé ix 3 . With poss.: luid S. for a a.¤ S. went back, Trip. ii 394.17 . tángadar ar a n-a.¤ , Maguires of F. 22 .

With FRI: a.¤ re ha.¤ together, DDána 90.14, 38.10 . Frequ. in phr. gaibid fri ha.¤ (fria a.¤). Prob. in literal sense in: ra gab-sum a charpat re aiss he took his chariot on his back, TBC-LL¹ 6048 = fria ais, TBC-I¹ 3622 . In later lang. sets about, undertakes, takes over, takes charge of: crann snais do char ar mo cheanaibh / gabh ret a.¤ 'n-a aghaidh `set about plying an adze on my sins', PBocht 4 § 36 . g abhaim re ha.¤ clódh do ghníomh, Content. xxvii 12 . gabhaidh (sic leg.) re a.¤ . . . gach neach takes charge of, Dán Dé xiv 5 . cia ghabhas m'anmain ré a.¤ `who will take charge of my soul?' iv 1 . aire rogab ainm ria a.¤/ara altrom a Cromglais therefore he took the name, RC xvii 150.14 (Tig.). a leigheas ní ghéabh rem a.¤ I shall not undertake, Dánfhocail 210 . doghabh ré a a.¤ cádhas ┐ onóir do thabhairt don fhír-Dhia, Keat. ii 5370 . rogabh re a.¤ nach ligfedh aenduine tairis isin conuir, ZCP vi 56.9 ro gabh fein an oifficc sin fri a a.¤ , AFM vi 2020.5 . Note also: ro chuiredar ra haiss aris she is sent back again, LL 7482 .

Further uses (in some exx. in literal sense): dambeir ria aiss tarsin n-uisci he brings it on his back (brings it with him?), TBFr. 216 . mo dhuanaire tabhair ret a.¤ bring along with you, Studies 1923, 598 § 5 . Rí na hinogbála cona chroich . . . re a.¤ carrying His cross, RC xxviii 316 § 24 . an chroch d'iomchur ré a.¤ féin / do Chríosd dob éigin ei-séin, Dán Dé xx 22 . go n-iomchram an chroich ret a.¤ along with you, Aithd. D. 92.17 . fuarusa re ha.¤ an fhir / seal dob áoibhne dárbh fhéidir by his side . . ., Studies, 1918, 452 § 8 . fuireann d'fhíoruaislibh a chúigidh féin re ha.¤ gach ríogh dhíobh together with, Keat. iii 571 . re ha.¤ gcearcaill na cruinne in addition to the circle of the universe, Studies 1918, 281 § 12 . Cf. in dan Laidni ata uaidh le hais na bethadh do scriobh i Laidin follows (goes with?), Mart. Don. xxv 9 . ria a.¤ in addition, Leb. Cert. 32.z .

With TAR. Usually with possessive: ro chachain . . . laíd dó dara a.¤ over his shoulder, LU 6789 . fil suil ṅglais / fégbas Erinn dara ha.¤ , 308 . ro-ling isin carpat īar cūl C. co rragab a chenn dara aiss seized his head from behind (him), Sc.M² 20 . co rop ar m'agid sair toethus ┐ na rap dar m-aiss síar backwards, TBC-LL¹ 2310 . co torchair faon fortarrsna dara a.¤ isin luing, RC x 185.22 . trilis tara haiss síar over her back, LU 4519 (TBC). rolā a moing dar a ha.¤ , Fianaig. 16 § 43 . ní racha sibh tar bur n-a.¤ you will not go back, Fier. 79 . ni tiucfa beó tar th'a.¤ as súd `thou wilt not come back alive', ZCP vi 72.30 . na huili uisci do dhul ina certinadh . . . féin tarana.¤ arís, RC xxviii 310 § 3 . ros-láset ind ḟairend daranaiss behind them (oppd. to arambelaib), LL 219b34 ( TTr. 192 ). Without poss. cuirfe tar a.¤ a n-iomshníomh you will dispel their anxiety, DDána 74.57 . fógairthear tar a.¤ na huile `wrongs are repealed', TD 32.67 . iar dteacht tar a.¤ do Dhiarmaid, Keat. iii 2160 . nach féidir gairm thar a.¤ do dheunamh air cheachtar don dá bhreitheamhnas to revoke, Donlevy 186.21 . In phr. druim tar a.¤ (falling) over backwards, head over heels, upside down: co tarrla druim tar a.¤ dochum in tsrotha, RC vi 177.108 . an long d'impodh druim tara.¤ capsized , ZCP vi 294.20 . cuirfid se in cride druim tar a.¤ , PH 7798 . do theilgis mo ráitte-se druim tar a.¤ = retrorsum, TSh. 1596 . Note also: bid dál ḟota hí ni ba dál dar aiss (: brais) (of Doomsday), LL 307a10 ( SG 386.20 ).

2 ané

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 ané or dil.ie/3532
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: aná

(? amné, Ériu lxiv 209 ) asseverative particle stressed on second syll., see rhyming exx. below. Not found initially. As a rule serves to emphasize prec. word. Also aná. thus, therefore, so, then: ┐ a.¤ is doigh co ndeochatár drem aile fora slicht, LU 4051 . ┐ a.¤ ní lamar fuligud forrosom, 4960 (TBC). Fer Baeth a.¤ dotháet ar mo chend-sa, 6010 (TBC). is maith a.¤ in laa, 5057 (TBC). ciataim a.¤ ar loṅgais, TBC-LL¹ 874 . cid immi gabtais Ulaid uile a.¤ , 120 . an fuil a nech a.¤ ar an ath so aniugh?, ZCP x 308.9 . ar in grád ni chél a.¤ / dorat d'ingin Breg Éile, LL 7042 . senchas na tulchasa ana / re nabar co cert Cnucha, ZCP xi 41 § 7 . Loch Gili on dail sin ana (: Romra), Metr. Dinds. iv 12.25 . amein a.¤ fota co tanac, LL 278b15 . cid a.¤ or C. meic na mbachlach . . . do chomram chucum? what then? can it be that? Sc.M² § 12 . cid a.¤ cen chumachta lim-sa or ind rígan, LL 282b18 . cid a.¤ or D. in mac cleirig oc imtheacht isin domnuch?, YBL 119a13 . ni loitfider in bean . . . asin a.¤ , 138b2 . cuirfet hí tara hais ana / is cuirfe Colmán Eala, BNnÉ 181 § 38 . With advv. of direction: dia tudchaid aníar a.¤ (amne v.l.) / os chethaib fían forngaire, Metr. Dinds. iv 216.7 . dursan dam, a meic mu Dhe, | gach dāmh thainig sunn ane​, Tromd. Guaire 363 . Cf. anallana, aníarana, anúasana, thúasana, sísana, anau etc. (s.v. anall, etc.).

1 as

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 as or dil.ie/4358

Forms: asa, assa

n o, n. Later m. g s. asa, TD 1.54 , Laws v 484.20 Comm. assa, Acall. 4761 v.l. milk: ailmis .i. as `lac', Goid. 76 § 90 (Dúil Laithne). a.¤ .i. bainne, O'Cl. P. O'C. ní hed mo ass, ZCP viii 310.14 ( Laud 610 fo. 99a ). ass n-uanfadach do buaibh bendacha, Leb. Gab.(i) 32.5 . laith find . . . .i. as na mbo, Laws i 66.3 Comm. in domnachaib . . . degass (.i. loim), LU 1856 . ass ┐ grús, Críth G. 27 . bíathad deise . . . di a.¤ ┐ grús, 115 . ian óil aiss trib asaib—óchtar ┐ lemlacht ┐ draumce, 75 `a vessel holding an `ól' measure of milk with three kinds of milk', p. 27 . dí laulgaich deec ó mmeltar ól n-aiss, TBFr. 180 . doomlacht . . . ol naiss caich mbleguin, AU i 188.8 . bochtan ais maith `a ``bochtan'' of good milk', Mon. Tall. 155.z (§ 68) . ass a mmathar atib, LL 285b31 . ni tucad do acht ass ┐ arán, 200a32 . cid ma ndenai-si . . . in tass do chomraind, 271a17 . uiscce iarna claochmodh i n-ass, BNnÉ 297 § 33 . immat buar terc ass, SG 80.9 . d'ass chōerach, MacCongl. 33.z . ros-biath d'a.¤ ┐ d'fírleamhnacht, Acall. 829 . ēta duit cēt ferb re ha.¤ (fria hais, fri hais v.ll.), ML² 1997 . damna loinida .i. crosan in asa `the cross-stick for churning the milk', Laws v 484.20 Comm. ba hass for sechid `milk on a hide' (in a list of foolish things), MacCongl. 73.19 . ? ar assaib rigthier `for delights (in heaven) he is crowned', ACC 70 ( RC xx 262 ) (cf. 1 ás, áis ?). In n. loc. Loch in Ais .i. Loch Leamhnachta, Lism. L. 1687 . dar ler Locha Ais, MacCongl. 39.25 .

2 as

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 as or dil.ie/4359

Forms: as, ais, asa, asa

n m. as (óir) m. (g s. and n p. ais, asa), IGT Decl. § 38 . shoe, slipper; hose: `a.¤ .i. bróg a shoe, rather a stocking. Pl. asa Engl. hose ', P. O'C. hais .i. broga . . . hasaib haccrandaib .i. asa dergarimoind(?) ima cosaibh .i. asaite imtecht a tribuis ┐ a cuarain ime, O'Dav. 1068 . cúis tuirse mar táithe i nglas / fa gnáithe i n-a.¤ cuisne an chos more usual to have your foot in a shoe frozen hard, DDána 79.28 . sról no a.¤ donn fa dhemheas / do legheas bhas corr chuireas, IGT Decl. ex. 1339 . a dá ass . . . a dī lāmhann, ZCP vi 271.18 . ass (osann, osanna v.ll.) fá chois an Ríghmhilidh sin, ITS i 122.30 . go n-asaibh airgid fhinnghil / fa colpaip séimhe soillsi `he wore gaiters(?)', Duan. F. ii 392 § 80 . ass arcait ima cois cli / . . . / ass orda ima chois ndeis, Manners and Customs iii 166 n. ro fháccaibh a ionnchomhardha .i. lethass `one slipper', AFM vi 1876.6 (of a claimant to a chieftaincy, see O'Brien, Celtica ii 351-3 ). Hence fer in ais (asa) óir used in class. verse of persons of high rank (`inaugurated chief', O'Brien): fear scéith óir is aonasa (: Aodha-sa), LBranach 750 . fer an ais óir ar a eing / budh tóir ar in nGlais nGaibhnind, IGT Decl. ex. 999 . fear an éngha 's an ais óir / ní thérna tóir ar ais úaidh, ex. 1054 . dá chrann ḟir an órasa / ní rann sin 's an Sémussa, ex. 1055 . ar ngabhail géill an ais (: lais) óir, LBranach 6605 . mac Aodha na n-a.¤ n-óir, O'R. Poems 1924 . mac Sēmais do thimchail tīr / cas imc[h]air in ēnais ōir, Butler Poems 2214 . Cf. 1 assa(e).

Compd. mac Aengusa aslethain broad-shoed , LB 15b36 .

as-luí

Cite this: eDIL s.v. as-luí or dil.ie/4453
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: aslui, asloi, atd-lu, -elai, asluat, -elat, as-luigit, adluinn, elaind, asluad, asloa, -elammar, ciacloid, ciatloid, asloat, -élat, n-elathar, -rohéla, -erla, -ērlam, asrullat, aslóinse, -elaitís, atrullad, atluife, as-luífet, as-la, as-lōe, atlōi, at-lúi, as-lōeth, asluíd, asluiset, asruluús, -erlós, at-rulais, as-rola, as-rulla, at-rullai, atrulláe, adrullui, asrulaid, adrulaidh, -erlai, atrullaiset, -erlaiseat, atrullatar, adrullatar, -erlatar, élúd

v (* ess-lu-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 571 ). Later also with petrified inf. pron. at(ad-)-luí (or early confusion of ad- and as- Ériu xxxv 110 n. 65 ). Indic. pres. 3 s. aslui, Thes. ii 21.36 . asloi, ZCP vii 482 (Enchir. Aug.). adlai, IT ii2 197.17 . atd-lu, MU² 1028 . -elai, Laws i 118.6 . 3 pl. asluat, Ml. 44a17 . -elat, Laws iv 190.12 . ? as-luigit, Ériu lix 124 § 7 . Indic. impf. 1 s. adluinn (adluinid text) (no elaind v.l.), Imr. Brain ii 292. 35 . 3 s. asluad, Ml. 54c21 .

Subj. pres. 3 s. asloa, O'Curry 60 (H 3.18, 21b). 1 pl. -elammar, LU 1161 (ACC). 2 pl. ciacloid (leg. ciatloid, note), Wb. 26a2 . 3 pl. asloat, Anecd. iii 24. 15 . -élat, Ériu i 219 § 9 . ? Pass. sg. co n-elathar (-arlathar, -aicillther v.l.), MU² 560 and Gloss. With ro: 3 s. -rohéla, Wb. 30a10 . -erla, Laws iv 240.3 . 1 pl. -ērlam, Corm. Y 1059 ( Anecd. iv 92.9 ). 3 pl. asrullat, Laws iv 240.6 . Subj. impf. 1 s. aslóinse, Ml. 59a1 . 3 pl. -elaitís, LU 5734 . With ro 3 s. atrullad, Alex. 608 .

Fut. 3 s. atluife, ZCP x 344.2 . 3 pl. as-luífet, BDD² 1158 .

Pret. 3 s. as-la, BDD² 1510 . as-lōe, ZCP xv 343 § 34 . atlōi, Corm. Y 698 ( Anecd. iv 59.15 ). at-lúi, LL 247b25 . as-lōeth, ZCP viii 314.7 . asluíd, BB 25b8 . 3 pl. asluiset, Laws i 64.3 . Perf. 1 s. asruluús, Wb. 17d16 . -erlós, Fing. R. 116 . 2 s. at-rulais, Sc.M² 9 . 3 s. as-rola, Fél. Apr. 3 . as-rulla. Laws iv 240.3. at-rullai, Fing. R. 535 . atrulláe, LU 4376 . adrullui, IT i 144.4 . asrulaid, Metr. Dinds. iii 266.19 . adrulaidh (: churaigh), Anecd. i 62 § 103 . -erlai, SR 5349 . 3 pl. atrullaiset (atruluiset v.l.), Airne F. 186 . -erlaiseat, AFM i 556.4 . atrullatar, Dinds. 125 ( RC xvi 77 ). adrullatar, BB 255b20 . -erlatar, SR 4471 .

Later as simple vb. élaid q.v.

Vn. élúd. IGT Verbs § 64 .

(a) escapes (in physical sense): ni erla nech dib acht aenfher, LB 129a5 . co ro gonad fadeín ┐ co n-erlai iar n-a guin, LL 275a24 . ? asrulaed fo ííí ┐ ro giall Ériu do fo tri he escaped(?), YBL 418b4 = ar aslaesead co fothri . . ., 140a46 . co nerla ina longaibh iar nár a mhuintire, AFM ii 682.6 . In more general sense escapes, absconds, goes off, decamps: lotar (asluat v.l.) anair . . . co hA., Metr. Dinds. iii 442.37 . atlai . . . F. for teicheadh rias na mnaibh, Leb. Gab.(i) 14.20 . nech . . . oca coimet arna ra elat (of bees swarming), Laws iv 174.27 Comm. saithi beach matrollae, ii 420.10 Comm. ag iarraidh bó atrulla (do éló uaidh v.l.) do bhreith laigh, BNnÉ 16.y . gur 'trulla la M. `until she eloped', Todd Nenn. 178.4 .

With o, A(S) or DE (of the person or place escaped from): atrula int-ossar uad, SR 5317 . adlaoi uadhaib Asgall, AFM ii 1176.16 . atdluí Crumthand . . . ass, LU 1527 . nocha n-érlai asin cathraigh acht cía térnai do rind gái, TTr.² 158 . aen duna tesbadachaib atrulladar a Temraig, BB 408b23 . atluí morfesser díb do Cruachnaib Aí, LU 1584 . ? ni n-érlá acht atrullai di rennaib gai, LL 224b49 . With AR: is amne asruluús airi gl. síc effugi manus eius (of St. Paul's escape), Wb. 17d16 . atlui iarom fair co ndechaid issin n-áith do thirad, Irish Texts i 35.3 . as-luífet airib húaire is a sídaib doib, BDD² 1158 . in ērla . . . mo mac-sa foraib? ZCP xiii 178.32 . asloíset Lagin ar Chormac, LL 4908 .

(b) absconds, evades (a legal liability, etc.). Used absolutely: nach deoraidh ... cintach aslai, Laws iv 242.15 . ma nerla mas rulla teit for innile, 240.3 i.e. if a guilty person absconds his chattels become liable. ma atloat gaibter a sesci, ii 120.10 Comm. eisce .i. bith fri hais ┐ adrulla ┐ asrenar eisce immbi ceni tarracht, O'Mulc. 436 . With IMM (of that in respect of which absconding or evasion has taken place): is ima log nenech atrulla in flaith, O'D. 263 (H 3.17, 211). dia nel[a] impu, Laws ii 194.8 Comm. With prep.A: ben aslui a cain lanamna, Laws iv 184.16 . at-rulláe-side a giallai (an giallacus v.l.), ZCP xxvii 28.9 . co n-erlai a rrecht ind rig dodrigne (of Lucifer), Ériu ii 108 § 22 . With AR: raith ar mug aslui ar a flaith, Laws v 224.4 . athgabail eloduig aslui ar a fine, athgabail fuidir aslai ar a flaith, 260.18 .

With accus. bésse inna fedb asluat hiris `who evade the faith', Wb. 29a3 . slógad tar crích fri túa[i]th asidluí, Críth G. 513 . atumluifessa .cxx. annis . . . ┐ do athcuirfe cucum it will depart from me (i.e. the church will be alienated from me) . . . and will revert to me, Trip.² 1842 . athgabail . . . feicheman aslui dligid, Laws i 214.22 . fer aslui flaith `a man who evades [his obligations to] lord', BCrólige 16 . ma as-loa cobach (.i. feichem) tra conna acmai naidm da saigid fair, Bürgschaft 13 § 44 . ben no fer aslui gairi a mathar, Laws iv 184.16 . With figura etymol. ba hēlud as-lōe, ZCP xv 343 § 34 . corup elod aslui inti imma cuirither in t-eisce, O'D. 873 (H 3. 17, c. 624).

In phrase a.¤ sáeth(u) dies(?): slúag E. . . . / asrola sáeth (asaeth v.l.) sétaib, Fél. Apr. 3 .i. ro éla asna saethaib, Fél.² lxxi . asrala ri sacart saethu .i. ro la as ri na sacart a sáethu .i. i n-amsir a etsecta, LU 710 ( ACC 38 ). i n-ucht fiadat . . . asrola samthand saethu, LL 365 marg. sup.

1 assa(e)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 assa(e) or dil.ie/4491
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: assa, máelassa

n io, m. IGT Decl. § 2 . shoe, sandal, slipper: assa gl. soccus, Sg. 22b9 (see Études Celt. xi 116 ). isin asa roboi fo cois deis, MacCongl. 125.1 . rolaad gille fomm assai `a gillie would take off my shoes', 69.30 . nutasigthe du gallasu gl. gallicas (= caligas) tuas, Thes. i 497.18 . is e no ṅgébad a assa imme, LU 364 (ACC). da assa co foraíb óir impu, 4513 . asso argait imm a cosa, Anecd. i 61 § 90 . se dubassi dóib ar crand, BDD 112 ( LU 7586 ). dochūadar ar n-asa hi fūal, Corm. Y 596 ; ar n-asai, Thr. Ir. Gl. 20.28 . assai immálli . . . etir a thraigthi ┐ talmain, LL 231a44 ( TTr. 1039 ). ? ní té dogrés cen assu (assai, assa, aisi v.ll.: maissi) `he must never go without sandals', Ériu iii 96 § 5 . ros ben a assa ┐ a broga de dia chossaib, LB 236a49 . ro tebrinn ola tria talmain . . . go ttainicc tara assa (brogaibh v.l.), BNnÉ 17 § 33 . taraill a asa oc dul isinn tech in comla, Ériu v 28.15 . i coirtgead da ban asu . . . da fer asa, Laws iv 148.19 . direnar dagassaib, Críth G. 232 . hais .i. broga, amail adeir senchus hasaib haccrandaib .i. asa degarimoind(?) ima cosaib, O'Dav. 1068 . cona assaib slemna . . . ima bunnu, MacCongl. 89.6 . calciatos sandalis .i. o assaib, RC viii 369.4 . asa .i. bróga, O'Cl. asa fionn cáonna um gach coll mossy covering, IGT Decl. ex. 122 . dlaí a.¤ a wisp put in shoes for comfort: aitherach dlui n-assa, Laws i 268.7 . Used in divination: ic tarchitul forsin dlái . . . fil imm asso, LU 4460 . berid ind ingen dloí ind assa colleic, 4465 . in fil in dloí isind assa?, 4472 . For compd. máelassa see 1 mael compds.

Cf. 2 as, assán.

at(t)oíbi

Cite this: eDIL s.v. at(t)oíbi or dil.ie/4951
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: atoíbim, attoibim, [at]toibmis, attoibtis, atoifea, atoibfea, attoíbed

v (ad-toíbi) adheres to: atoíbim gl. lenteo (cf. lentesco?), Sg. 145a2 . attoibim gl. lenteo, Thes. ii 228.28 (PCr.). atoibi gl. herenti, Ml. 57d18 . [at]toibmis gl. inherere, 18c4 . co attoibtis gl. ut inherescerent, 63b10 . ni atoifea (leg. ní atoibfea , edd.) gl. adheret, 114c2 . With DO or FRI: no-s-tabair fó lannaib teinntigib . . . ┐ cech oen atoibe (.i. is oentadach) doib `with everyone who adheres to them', PH 1863 . it é ata mou atoibet do thopur ecna na deachta for it is they who stand closest to the spring of the wisdom of the Deity, 6238 . Cf. cech oen atoibe .i. is oentadach doib all their adherents, LB 174b50 . fri dechnad mbicc atuibi inso this goes with (comes after) dechnad mbecc, IT iii 27.y . do lethdechnad atuibe inso, 28.1 . Cenēl Crōchnae in cethramad prīmaiccme Hūa mBairrchi, is fri Hū Breccāin a tōebud (atāebait, a n-atāebad, v.ll.), Corp. Gen. 47 (121b5)​​​​​ . Frequ. in phr.: is e leth at(t)oíbi ind aisnéissi la (fri) x co dú i n-epert (-érbart) riam lit. this is the passage to which this passage in x adheres, to the place where he has already said i.e. this passage in x follows on from where he had already said, this is the context of this passage (see RC x 471 ): is he . . . leth atoibi ind aisnéis si lasin fáith co dū i n-epert remi, Trip.² 23 . is e . . . leth ataoibhi in n-aisneis-sea la hEoin cu dú a ndebairt this declaration in John adjoins the place where he said, Lism. L. 1124 . `Venite, benedicte . . .' is he leath atāibe an aisnēs sea la Matha co dū indebairt reme ina ṡoscēla: `Et separaibit', etc. , ZCP xii 367.32 . coibnius . . . inna haisneissen-sa for a cula is e leath atoibe (.i. is aentadach) fri hÍsu co dú i nd-erbart reme, PH 4700 . oentu . . . ┐ coibnius na liachtan-sa, is e leth atoibe (.i. is aentadach) ri Matha . . . co dú i nderna in sláníccid . . . tairchetul a chesta, 5063 . comuaim . . . ┐ coibnes na liachtana-so is e leath atoibe (.i. as dlúith) co dú i n-erbairt Eóin, 6688 . comuaim . . . ┐ cóibnies (sic) . . . na cobigi-sea is e leth atóibe la Isu co dú i n-epert ria sund, 7837 . comuaim ┐ coibnes na hais[ne]sen-sa is e leth atóibe la Daniel co dú i nd-ebert remi, 6196 .

Vn. attoíbed.

circul

Cite this: eDIL s.v. circul or dil.ie/9197

Forms: cercal(l)

n (Lat. circulus). Also cercal(l), -uil(l), -ail(l) etc. In old exx. usually o, m., but gender and inflection vary. Circle, orbit, zone : circal .i. a circulo .i. roth, Corm. Y 263 . fubíth doṅgníat cercol ocondocbáil gl. apsidas (Gr.), BCr. 18d2 . atcess in circall imon ṅgrein (at birth of Christ), LB 132b41 . .vii. circalla conuicci ind Trinoid ┐ aighi (= uidhe) mile bliadhna tigi cacha circailla dib, Irish Texts i 24.x-y . circull tentide . . . imón tír sin, LU 1987 ( FA 5 ). Loch Lein; ceathra chircilla uime .i. chircall sdain, ┐ chircall luaighi, ┐ chircall iarind, ┐ chircall uma, Todd Nenn. 220.n. doniat circlu dib (of serpents winding about person's body), Aen. 492 . re hais gcearcaill na cruinne (: seantruim) (ccearcholl : seantrom v.l.), Studies 1918, 281 § 12 . spéar gréine na (= 'na) cearcuill (: chruinn), Content. v 40 . tricha circull airccit bhain (of the thirty pieces of silver), BNnÉ 101.21 . cearcall clár ndearg, DDána 119.18 .

In phr. c.¤ bodba attacking circle (of foes): focheird in circul ṁ-bodba sin morthimchell chethri n-ollchoiced ṅ-hE., TBC-LL¹ 2645 = in circul modba, LU 6504 . daronad circull bodba impo d'ogbaid na hAffraici, CCath. 3147 . Of defensive armour: ic ecur a airthossaig di chressaib ┐ de chirclaib cruaidíairn (of ship), LL 30953 ( TTr. 135 ). circaill cithneimneach cláriarnaighi uime (of warrior), CF² 933 . Of ornaments etc. : maelch.¤ oír co clucinib fo bragit cech eich díb, TFerbe 14 . inar . . . co circlaib óir ┐ arcait, Manners and Customs iii 161 n. amail circáill ḟeta (of the Id Morainn), IT iii 190 § 15 . robói cercuil imma medhon amail cnis (? leg. cris) fhir chollnaigh, Cóir Anm. 140 . mo ḟail-si 'na circaill teintidhe imo braghait, RC xxvi 364.7 .

Hoop of barrel, vat etc. : sreth di muntorcaib óir . . . mar chirclu dabcha, LU 1710 ( RC ix 476.14 ). do dénam circall de to make hoops of it (of bones of a whale), Laws i 134.31 Comm. in chetna dabach . . . ro díscáil da cláraib ┐ da circlaib, TBC-LL¹ 1366 = ro disgaoil a clair ┐ a ciorcla, St. ro mheabhattar a cciorcaill dona lestraibh, Ériu xiii 24.28 .

Note also: amhail do-ní an togharmach san chiorcaill aníu `in the circus', Keat. ii 5453 . an chiorcuil lochtach vicious circle (logical fault), Luc. Fid. 4445 . a chearcall teintidhe tréan (a chief), Magauran 431 .

In n. loc.: Cnoc in chircaill, Acall. 6447 .

cláen

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cláen or dil.ie/9306
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: Cuilín

adj o, ā

I

(a) uneven, crooked, sloping; aslant, bending, stooped; curving, curved : dosroraind . . . cona deilg. Sīa īarom rosīacht a dealg ūaithe sair a bēlaib oldās dar a hais sīar. Is aire is clōen ind less, Corm. Y 502 . clóen ind ráth dind leith adiu, RC xiii 462 § 65 . in chuirn chláoin curved(?), IGT Decl. ex. 356 . a bheith claon nochar chás duid `its laying low troubled thee not' (of a severed head), PBocht 14.35 . ? Fig. mo chiall ata claon, Atlantis iv 180.31 .

(b) Freq. of hair waving (?) flowing (?): folt claon, DDána 96.33 . ciabh dhaghcruinn n-a cuaichleirg claoin, Magauran 1001 . is camarsach claon . . . / a carn-ḟolt, Keat. Poems 65 .

(c) Of eyes, squinting: Finan Cam . . . .i. cloen a rosc, Fél. 112.23 , Gorm. Apr. 7n. dā mac imleasan . . . ┐ sīat clǣna, TBC-I¹ 2612 . gura bhris in suil claein, MR 36.13 .

As epithet: a trian ro charsat Conall Cloen batis cloín cot acallaim, LL 13522 (Thurn., ZCP viii 72 ff. q.v., would translate hump-backed ). Conghal Caoch, no Claon, AFM an. 624 . co tard beach . . . a neim for mo leth-rosc-sa, gura claen mo ṡuil. Congal C. mo ainm ar sin, MR 34.12 . an Giolla claon Ua Ciardha, tigherna Coirpri, AFM ii 1092.11 .

(d) In moral sense, iniquitous, perverse, unjust, biassed: cil .i. claon no cutruma, O'Dav. 467 (? leg. écutrumma). nate ni clóin gl. (numquid iniquitas apud Deum?) Absit, Wb. 4c17 . in miscuis clóin, Ml. 46d10 . inna mbritheman cloin, 103b17 (brithem, MS.). adbar inna combartae cloine, 71c6 . is gó flatha do-ber sína saíba for tūatha clóena. ZCP xi 82 § 25 . scítha láma indrosc (sic leg.?) cloína unjust demands(?), LU 10884 (TE rhet.). ingena cloína Cain, LL 17437 . nírbat santa[ch] immun mbith / nō for ind nim (leg. indiub) chlóen, ACL iii 312 § 6 (indium, in nem, v.ll.). gan beith fa chomadaib claena `unjust conditions', MR 120.26 . freasdal a gcor gclaon `crooked wiles', Aithd. D. 52.3 . ainic nach claon do chathaoir `lest your poet's chair be partial', Content. v 186 .

(e) c.¤ fri (chum, do) prone to, inclined to: atá ar gcolann claon ré déanamh an uilc = prona est ad malum, TSh. 2916 . an drong beirthear faoi stiúradh na plainéide so bíd . . . geala, claon chum beith fionnchrothacha, Corp. Astron. 70.8 . biaidh an bhliadhain sin claon chum síothchána, 3 . na peacaidhe is mó d'a bhfuilmíd claon, nó tugtha, Donlevy 270.24 . atá sí laig-bhrígheach ┐ claon chum uilc, 210.26 .

(f) In metrics, uneven; without accordance, imperfect : is airi didiu asberar clōinrē, fobīth is clōen ma doberthar um nī, ūair it troma a trī oldati a dóu, ar it chōic dīalta fuilet a clōinré, amail rongab fīanamailechar, Corm. Y 447 (p. 37.21) . dunadh c.¤, amail ata . . . ar Muiri ┐ ar Martain (final line of a poem which began with `tangadar'. -tain does not adequately echo tan- therefore the conclusion is c.¤ or lochtach), IGT Met. Faults § 145 . áenghuthaighe is í fa dhó ... bidh cláen 'the same vowel occurring twice ... it will be incorrect', Celtica xxvii 58 § 3 . See also cláenaid and comardad (c).

Adv. in fer fodrácaib co claen the man who has left it crooked, uneven (of a house), LU 8391 ( FB 26 ) (opp. to co diriuch). is amlaidh ata Stodiaca gu claen ┐ an speir lan mor go direach, Ir. Astr. Tr. 126.13 . an tṡlat iarainn ṡaighes go claon `which goeth ouerthwart', RSClára 125a .

II As subst. o, m.

(a) stoop, slope, slant, inclination : sleagh do chur 'na chroidhe, / claon do bheith 'na bhrághaid (of Our Lord), Ir. Syll. Poetry 36 § 17 . do filleadh call tar a chláon, IGT Decl. ex. 910 . is binne donál na bhfaol / ná gach claon chuireas tú id ghuth (to a snoring bed-fellow) every twist(?), Measgra D. 5.24 . for c.¤ slanting, inclined : is for clóen in pars ochtarach for laim clii `the upper part is inclined on the left hand', Thes. ii 254.19 (Stowe M.).

(b) iniquity, obliquity, deception, injustice; perversion, error : inda leu som nis roissed imned na erchrae dogrés a soinmigi a cloinaib `though they are wicked', Ml. 39c34 (cf. Pedersen, ZCP ii 379 ). ara tintarrad ō chlóen / tūatha Hérenn do bethu `from iniquity', Thes. ii 314.1 ( Hy. ii 18 ). tír . . . / inná ráiter gó ná cloen, LU 3742 ( SCC 34 ). etarscara fri cach claen `severance from every obliquity', Laws v 118.7 . dia scarad fri clóen fri col, Metr. Dinds. ii 14.72 . ar cech óen ro chí / a chlóen for bith ché `his wrongdoing', Murphy Lyrics 27.6 = a chin, ACL iii 232 § 6 . bī-siu do rēir Chrīst cen claon, 313 § 9 . dia mbat rī bit rīghcerdach / ní oirdni nach claen, 314 § 30 . bothan derrit diamarda / do dilgud gach claoin, Ériu i 138.3 . ní bhí claon na cheirt-bhreathaibh, A. Ó Dálaigh xxxi 9 . gan claon n-agra tar eolus `without partiality of argument in violation of fact', Content. viii 7 .

(c) Very common in names of metrical faults in the sense of any departure from the correct form: na lochta is coitc[h]eand teagaid in gach aisdi don dan .i. c.¤ comhardudh ┐ c.¤ uaitne ┐ ataid na claenreanda romhaind . . . ┐ c.¤ airmh[e] ┐ c.¤ airde ┐ c.¤ comhaimsearda ┐ c.¤ crichadh loc[h]tach ┐ dunadh loc[h]tach, IGT Met. Faults § 1 . trefhocul gan chlaen dona trí claenaib .i. c.¤ creiti .i. . . . c.¤ cuibdiusa . . . c.¤ ceille, O'Curry 1031 ( H 3.18, 433 ). Cf. cobfighe celli .i. co rob inunn ciall día nasneis o thosach co diaid in raind .i. na raib claen and, IT iii 30.7 . c.¤ áirme an irregularity in enumerating : c.¤ airmhi, amail ata . . . a tri no cuig no ceathair (because of the perversion of the natural order), IGT Met. Faults § 31 . c.¤ comardud a faulty internal rhyme: c.¤ comhardudh (leg. -daidh? Or claenchomhardadh? ed.), ann seo: Nocho n-oil agh ara orcur / re grain act ge cromthar ceann (i.e. the rhyme between agh and grain is faulty and it is the presence of the `i' in grain that makes it so), § 2 . c.¤ creitte error in the framework of the stanza: c.¤ creite i ndian oireng, amail ata: flaithe niamdha / daine sgiamda cland Conchobair. Lochtach sin, uair ní dleseadh focul beith edir sgiamdha ┐ Conc[h]obhor, § 39 . (On cláen creitte see Stud. Celt. ii 178 .) c.¤ cuibdiusa faulty end-rhyme: [trefhocul] can cloen cuibdiusa. Gabiam la seise soirche / Seotu sochraide soirthe / Ria ndul issin fargge / Gleam ar lessu re n-aidche. .i. soirthe ┐ aidche exemplum, Auraic. 5086 . c.¤ senchais error in historical fact: c.¤ seanc[h]ais, amail ata o Cuind no o Colla no o rRoigh no o Nell no o Duach do dhenaibh do righ d'fearaibh Muman ach duine beas gael riu. O Mogha no o hEmir no o Cais no o Bloid no o Tail do denaibh do dhuine do Leith Cuind acht do dhuine bheas gael riu, IGT Met. Faults § 98 . nir chan gó na c.¤ senchais (sic leg.) riam, MacCarthy 408.8 . c.¤ úaitne error in consonance: c.¤ uaitne, amail ata Bean do gebhadh ara gradh / geal a lamh leabhar a lem. C.¤ uaitne sin ┐ idir lam [leg. gradh] ┐ lem ata, ┐ edhudh claenas re n-ailm, ┐ i lem ata, IGT Met. Faults § 3 .

(d) With other qualifying genitives: airbert cin [cil-]ceill .i. do denum / cen claon ceille, O'Dav. 49 . tuccus cath, gēr c[h]lāon cēille / do fhlaith Temhra a departure from good sense, Ériu ix 178 § 11 . ar fochal-cae, ar claen conair, Laws v 470.27 Comm. saor dhiongbhas claon na córa perversion of justice, DDána 48.28 . gan chláon n-irsi `pervert not my faith', Ériu ix 6.67 . níor áirmheas le claon sligheadh `in perverse method', Content. vi 140 .

(e) Of people, iniquitous, unjust person : oc ingrimmim inna cloen `the persecution of the wicked', Thes. ii 247.14 (Camb.). fri bás inna clóen `of the wicked', 320.1 (Hy. ii 59 ). ni aurfóemha dana na cloen `the gifts of the unjust', O'Dav. 1610 . a claín trúaig . . . ro scáig do gal, LU 8569 ( FB 43 ).

Compds. With nouns. i gcéibh na gclaonalt `curling hair', Aithd. D. 11.6 . bellum for Cloenath, AU an. 704 (see Ériu xiii 176 ). croidhe gan claon-bheart, ZCP v 208.117 (Midn. Court). Attrib. g s. gan cionnta claon-bhirt, 209.180 . in tan no beiredh claonbreith unjust judgement, Laws i 24.13 Comm. (opp. to breth ḟīr). imon cclaoinbhreith rucc Diarmait ar Colom Cille im liubar Findén, AFM i 192.z . breitheamh breabóideach . . . rug claoinbhreath, TSh. 6788 . ¤-chaingen: claenferta í ngaeldais aíndre / claenferta na claencaingne, BB 351b32 . ¤-chéimm: can ethar nā chlōenchēmim / cingid tar cech ler `without . . . a false step', Ériu iii 14 § 5 ('na chlóenchéimmim `in their perverse path', Murphy Lyrics 17.5 ). linfaid cloencheo cairechda / cech rind reil co rian ruided, SR 8095 . le claoinchealgaibh an aidhbhirseōra, Beatha S. F. 1962 . earrla na gclaoinchleacht waving tresses, Magauran 965 . ni ellastar cloenchleir, LU 1002 (ACC) (.i. . . . na cliara ni-dligtecha, `for indligthecha', edd.). ¤-choma unjust stipulation : cisdi coimeta celg . . . ┐ claenchomhad, MR 260.2 . Eoganachta . . . Áni Loch Léin Casel Cloendabair, LL 16124 . ¤-derc (2 derc): an uair éagfair-se . . . / claonfaidh do chlaon-dearc, Keat. Poems 342 . i comarddus na Cloenfertai tuascertchi, LL 3876 . ataat na dí Chloenḟerta fri Ráith Granni aniar, 3877 . ro marbtha uili i Cloenglais, 28840 . Cuilen na cláenglaise, RC xviii 303.8 (Tig.). claonglonna in gille `wicked deeds', Metr. Dinds. iii 58.65 . Cloenloch. Unde nominatur. Cloen mac Iṅgair, LL 22459 . Cath Claenlocha, RC xvii 136.5 (Tig.). a chionnta ┐ a chláonmhianna, Párl. na mB. 3210 . ¤ míl hare (?) : tosessa lais clóenmíla Cernai, LU 6748 (BDD). geis dō clōenmīla Moighe Sainb do tophand 'it was taboo for him to hunt the hares (?) of Mag Sainb', BDC 106.30 . claennadmanna tolla, O'Curry 1069 ( H 3.18, 441 ). ōn chlaenrāith co Cenannas, Fing. R. 732 (? leg. Chlaen-). dul . . . do Cathair na claenratha bodes, Acall. 6387 . 1 -ré (see 1 ré) wicked life : ciambad lonnbrass digal Dé / fornn ba comadas friar cloenré, SR 3618 . (Cf. Lochlann ii 51 .) 2 -ré (see 3, 4, 5 ré) word or verse of five syllables (so called because it cannot be divided into two equal parts): it chōic dīalta fuilet a clōinré, amail rongab fīanamailechar, Corm. Y 447 (p. 37.x) . claenre . . . is a dho ar indara leith ┐ a tri forin leth n-aili, Auraic. 1422 . clóenré dā inso sis: A rí oirdnide / uasail atamhra / bet suairc do comairli / cuairt cen balamna, IT iii 21 § 63 . See Lochlann ii 51 - 2 . ¤-recht (see 1 recht): concertfa c. for iathu Banba, SG 254.29 (rhet.). ¤-rind (see 1 rind) incorrect end-rhyme : c. i ndebide sgailti, amail ata Mor in sgel Don[n]- do dhul / i nErinn is a nAlbain / bedid mna Gaidheal c[h]adh is Gall / ga c[h]aineadh arna comraind. Ataid da c. ann sin .i. c. isin leathrand tosaich . . . edir dul ┐ Albain ata ┐ c. i[n] deridh edir Gall ┐ comraind ata . . ., IGT Met. Faults § 85 . c. i [n]debhi[dhe] imrind, amail ata . . . righ (g s.): Cuirín, fín (a s.): Cuilín, § 86 . rand idir c. ┐ drochgaidhilg Ata triar conchar ag Cund / Niall is Donnc[h]adh is Domnall (i.e. Cund: Domnall is a faulty rhyme but Domnull would be ungrammatical), § 140 . ataid na claenreanda romhaind, § 1 . ¤-ró (see 1 ró): noem in chotaig ni cloenró it was not an excess due to partiality(?), LL 25382 . claon-rosc, Keat. Poems 319 . ¤ṡirite: cidh don cláenṡíridi ṡiabardha mo ṡárugadh do dhenamh, TBC-LL¹ p. 251 n.3 . Cormac a clōen-Temraich sloping Tara, ZCP viii 264 § 22 . ó phór chaithreach claoinTé, DDána 121.32 . ¤tinn d s.?: tug a cainnt dá chlaointinn ghéir `let loose the bitter tongue of his iniquity', Ó Bruad. iii 212.18 . ¤úall (1 úall): cēim cen chlóenúaill ō Dīabul `without wicked pride', Ériu ii 64 § 7 .

With adjj. th'fholt cas claonbhuidhe, DDána 114.25 . Conall Cloentruag t'ainm festa `the wicked wretch', ZCP i 104.18 .

With adjj. derived from nouns. dfheólaibh . . . ccethnatmolt . . . cclaonadharcach, Hugh Roe² 284.15 . Conall Claenbhraigdech Cernach, Cóir Anm. 251 . egoir Calcuis corpthi claenbhreathaigh unjust in judgment, Stair Erc. 2041 . a Shabhdain colaigh, claenbreathaigh, ZCP vi 59.19 . daoine . . . malluighthe claoincheárrdach `having an evil way of life' (Gloss), Párl. na mB. 1835 . Creon claencholach perverse sinful C., TTebe 4655 . cosin cathraig claincolaig, 251 . ¤dairech of bending oak-trees: san adhbha chlaondairigh ós Bóinn bhraoinealaigh, DDána 109.18 . ó Éirne . . . challghloin chlaondoirigh, Ir. Syll. Poetry 74 § 9 . ar a ccorpuibh corpthe cláonmhíanacha having evil desires, Párl. na mB. 2579 . ar Īsa in ḟuilt c[h]laenrāthaigh, ZCP viii 563 §27 . ó chéimniughadh chealgach chlaonrúnach of evil intent, TSh. 8301 .

With verbs. do-s-claencoraigenn icin aclaid `who makes a false representation at the suit', Laws v 462.13 Comm. claonmharbhfaidh mé m'ainmhianta `I shall mortify', Donlevy 190.16 .

With vnn. claonchorrughadh beag suarach don aithrighe, Trompa na bhF. 2433 . ¤díbirciud: drochcostud . . . do chloīndībircthib la drochdaīni, Sc.M² § 17.4 . iomshlán na míorbhuilleadha . . . do chlao[i]ndhéanamh to counterfeit, Trompa na bhF. 2630 . go ndéin an tsúil amharc aindlightheach, ┐ an chluas claoin-éisteacht biassed hearing, TSh. 3039 . gach cosg ┐ claon-mharbhadh na colna `mortification', Donlevy 126.14 .

1 dara

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 dara or dil.ie/14634

adj in in dara the second, one of two, early Mid.- Ir. (or late Old-Ir.) development of Old-Ir. indala; it prefixes h to a vowel immediately following. SR 19. 95 . 2947 . 3243 . 3255 . 3273 . 3237 . 3520 . 3719 . 3758 . 3819 . 4445 . indara fer déc, LU 32 a 2 . in dara hingnad déag, Todd Nenn. 118. 3 . an dara hadbur, R.I.A. 3 B 22, 15 b 19 . in dara hais , BB 9 a 29 . an dara hár, Lib. Flav. 23 a 2. 15 . indara fecht FA (both MSS). isin dara hursaind, MR 198. 22 . forsin dara leith don churach on one side of the curragh SG 346. 3 . don dara leith...don leith eile, TFrag. 122. 7 . adubhairt an dara mac risan mac oile, ib. 160. 5 . MOD. dara and tara (Munster). in dara hathchuinge, OCT 30.6 ; v. 2 ala, indala. Cf. darna.

eisce

Cite this: eDIL s.v. eisce or dil.ie/19850
Last Revised: 2013

n in Laws intention to damage, to slay or wound; intentional wounding or slaying (? see Cóic Con. p. 73 ), assault : distinguished from robdach (ropach, ropthach): inund esge na n-arm ┐ eisce na slibri i n-urradhus, ┐ esce na n-arm ┐ eisce na slibri i cain. inund ropdach na n-arm ┐ ropdach na slibri i n-urradhus, O'D. 2319 . 2342 ( Rawl. 506 ). cuin ata eiric eisce do duine? is and ata eiric eisce ó duine in tan dochuaidh do denam foghla ...┐ in fogail rob áil leis dhferthain ni tainic a ngnim; ┐ da tisad a ngnim, nocha biad dethbir robdaigh na heisce ime illeith risin eiric, Laws iii 138.1 . más dfertain cneidhe bice docuaidh ┐ cnedh mor ro ferasthar a rogha don ḟir ar ar feradh in cnedh mor in comfodail eisci ar eiric ropdaig na cneidhi bias uadh, no in lanfiach na cneidhe moire cin cobfodail eisci urri `an eric graduated according to the wound intended' 140.1 . amhail is cutruma isin fuiliughudh ┐ isin guairiughudh tre eisce i n-urradhus cumadh cutruma i cain o bhass tre eisce, cidh gu n-armaibh cidh gu slibribh, no o bhas gu n-armaibh nochta, O'D. 2321 ( Rawl. 506 ). o bas tri esce ferfaithir na cnedha cibe aidim triasa ferthair, no bus co n-armaibh nochta, O'D. 2323 . o bus tria eisce ┐ is marbadh rob ail do, 2323 . gidh a leathfolt gidh a lanfolt gatar du duine gid tre ropdhach gid tria eisce, 2334 . leath secht cumala i n-eisce bes meand, 864 (H 3.17). in [or: i n-] eisce bes mo ón ann no bes mo ainim ann no bes fodeirc no bes forréill ann (evidently a gloss on e.¤ bes meand) 865 . marbhadh rob ail leis do dénamh tre eisce, 865 . cin elcuin .i. eisce, Laws v 136.26 Comm. don tí ar ar fera in cnedh no in fogail, fo aicne robaig no eisce, iv 232.14 . guin tre escce, i 56.14 Comm. urgabail tria eisce, iv 232.18 . re heisgib cana intentional woundings in `cáin'-law Cóic Con. p. 19.3 ; 50.2 . Cf. eisce .i. bith fri hais, ┐ adrulla ┐ asrenar eisce immbi ceni tarracht, O'Mulc. 436 .

In other texts: focerd éisci (.i. gúasacht báis) im Ealcmair, ZCP v 524.8 . nī bīa ruici (.i. esci) nō ēgc aigci, BColm. 68.8 . eisce do thabairt do hUibh C. im Donnchad...coro tescadh a bos deas de, AU 1019.1115 (= saighidh greisi, AFM 1115 ). In: ní ésce cen ríg, BDD 102a it is doubtful if this word is meant. eisce feris (.i. bricht nadrach), a kind of satire , IT iii 103 , Ériu lv 122 n. 14 .

fidcheis

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fidcheis or dil.ie/22012

n f. (fid + 3 ces ?) a long wooden pole or staff (spear ?): f.¤ .i. sleagh; triocha troighidh a bfod na fidhcheisi, O'Cl. a f.¤ fria hais, tricha traigeth ina hairdi, corrān iaroinn for indara cinn dī, Cáin Ad. 3 . tri fedhchesda mōra finnchuill ZCP viii 540.28 = fidṡlatta, TBC-LL¹ 1433 .

1 forrach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 forrach or dil.ie/23847
Last Revised: 2013

n (for-rig, Ériu xix 51 ) the act of oppressing, overpowering, subduing: farrach no forrach .i. foirneart, O'Cl. sel for sáethar ná bad f.¤ exhausting ZCP v 497 § 10 . ba farrach dāib re fulang an brēntatu, TTebe 4851 . i F. rofoirged ... fuair f.¤ i F. `was smitten ... met destruction' Metr. Dinds. iii 72z . fuair farrach a láime in láich | Daire Barrach, LL 49a41 . go ffuair Oisin a f.¤ | i n-iomairg ón allmharrach, Duan. F. i 18.2 . co raibhe f.¤ fir da foighren tre dhaingen na luirighe ... don leath araill `as much as would kill a man' (?) MR 286.3 (2 forrach ?). ná leic ... aincreitmhigh diar bforrachne !, Marco P. 8 . gabhaim re hais th'orrach-sa `I undertake to crush you' Content. xxii 23 . boí in cotlud oca f.¤ frisin ceol overpowering them LL 3a3 . in taemad oca mbādad ┐ aga f.¤ anīs, Aen. 259 . odconairc Aenias D. do f.¤ do A., 1116 ( Aeneid v 460 ). odconnaic sé Conghal aga ḟ.¤ `when he saw C. pressed hard (?) ' ITS v 96.13 . ro ghaph ag f.¤ Conghail isin chomhlann, 142.15 . ata ... an íota gom f.¤ , Duan. F. 24.6 . ag farrach ┐ ac feoilgerradh mo muindtiri ZCP vi 100.28 . ó ro airigh N. ... na Gaill oga ff.¤ when N. perceived that the English were being worsted Hugh Roe 290.26 (f. 76b) . aga fforach ┐ acca ffírlenmhain, AFM vi 2318.1 . dodechaid f.¤ do L. (`L. succomba' [?] RC xliii 92 § 93 (the meaning is doubtful here). Of a person: in comlunn cēd ┐ in f.¤ sochaidi ib. f.¤ .i. rigi ... no smetrach .i. smit forrach .i. co forrgidis neach, Auraic. 1330 (etym. of brimon smetrach), cf. 3 forrach. f.¤ n-indligid, O'Curry 1690 might from the context belong to for-rig, see forrecht.

See 1 foirrgid.

imm-derga

Cite this: eDIL s.v. imm-derga or dil.ie/27806

Forms: imdergaid, imaderga, imdergthar, imderg, imdergga, imdergthar, imdercfat, ronimdergus, ronimderg, imdercad, rohimdergad

v Mid. Ir. imdergaid. Indic. pres. s. 3 rel. imaderga, Laws v 383.3 . pass. imdergthar, LU 10901. ipv. s. 2 nacham imderg , LU 8496 (FB). subj. pres. s. 3 imdergga, ZCP xi 84 § 35. pass. corot imdergthar , LU 4233. fut. pl. 3 ni imdercfat , Lib. Hymn. i 65.8 . pret. s. 1 ronimdergus, RC viii 154 § 5. s. 3 ronimderg, Metr. Dinds. ii 74.35 . pass. imdercad, Mon. Tall. 150.20 . rohimdergad, Ériu viii 157.26 .

(a) reddens, makes red: abbair fris, ní ranna ar (ar om., c.l.) airlissi imdergga ar is dórtud cacha flatha fírinne fuilige for lár `er soll nicht Teile des Gehöftes röten,' ZCP xi 84 § 35 (tr. p. 103 § 35 n. ). fuche (=fuiche) a fuco .i. ón ruamnae .i. ara minco imdergtair, O'Mulc. 551. no imdergtha in cend indara fecht ┐ ro bánta in fecht aile, RC viii 62.5 .

(b) causes to blush, puts to shame: ma roiderctar (leg. roimdergthar, Ed.) a brathair riam no ma imbántar `if his brother turns red or pale before him,' Ériu vii 168 § 13. nachanimderg ... is anfis dō `do not shame him,' Ériu viii 157.19 . tuca Día friss ... corot imdergthar ind i fiadnaisi fer nErend that thou be disgraced for it, LU 4233. imdercad corrici a ucht `he blushed down to his breast,' Mon. Tall. 150.20 . rohimdergad iarum intī Eochaid `then Eochu was put to shame,' Ériu viii 157.26 . in te nar haerad ┐ nar himdergad um or na um ilmainib riam, Tromd. Guaire 255. fer ... nar imderg nech riam fa biad, Ann. Conn. 1307 § 9. ní náir imdergfa a n-aighthi, IGT Decl. ex. 236.

In the sense blushes generally used in pass. with imm (um, fa): imdergthar im Etain la sodain. "ná imdergthar imut" for Midir "ni drochbanas duit-siu," LU 10901 - 2 . ro himdheargadh im Gorthigern ┐ rogabh fearg adhbol, BB 210a41 . do himdergadh am Fer Dh. aga faicsin `F.D. blushed,' ZCP x 293.1 . do himdergadh go mor fa ghnúis nairigh na hingin `the maiden's modest face blushed deeply,' Ériu v 84.14 . do himdergadh imon ceand the head blushed, RC xxiv 64 § 26. imdergthair uimpe ┐ ba caemh in ruidhiudh gnuisi tainic di, Aen. 2926. gur himdergad im in árdbaile `the stronghold was put to the blush i.e. made red with flames,'. Caithr. Thoirdh. 29.17 .

(c) reproaches, rebukes, taunts, reviles: trans. aithisigh, imdhearg, orbhir, ... Reprove , Eg. Gl. 11. nacham ail nacham imderg, LU 8496 (FB). roimderg ┐ roaithisigh in t-imper ingin righ Albun, ZCP vi 277.1 . mo anmchara féin ... ro n-imderggus `whom I rebuked,' RC viii 154 § 5. ronimderg ... ronglam ... he taunted him ... he reviled him ..., Metr. Dinds. ii 74.35 . imdhearg beathach an ghiolcuidh `rebuke the wild beast of the reeds,' Psalms lxviii 30. go nimdhearga an Tighearna thú `the Lord rebuke you,' Jude 9 . imdheargfuidh do shleamhnughadh tar hais thú `thy backslidings shall reprove thee,' Jeremiah ii 19. mar a n-imdheargann Dia an peacthach as God reproaches the sinner, TSh. 1340. fá sin d'imdheargadar é go dána `they boldly reproached him for it,' Donlevy 128.21 .

Intrans. ró imdherg L. um Coin C., TBC-LL¹ p. 555 n. 3 (=ro gab L. ag griosadh agus ag glámadh C., text).

lachtmar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lachtmar or dil.ie/29271
Last Revised: 2019

adj o, ā (1 lacht) milky, abounding in milk : secht mba . . . go linn-bolgaib lachtmara, ML² 35 . féth láig . . . lachtmair `milk-fed', MacCongl. 93.18 . eilit l.¤, ┐ laogh beag lena hais , BNnÉ 164.16 . agh lachtmhar laoigh `fruitful deer with kind' (fig. of Virgin), PBocht 2.33 . As adv. filad mo cíchi gu lachtmur lánithmhur ag tibirsin 'my breasts are flowing freely and abundantly with milk', Ev.Inf. (LFF) 173 § 25 .

Of person: nírba l.¤ cen bú `prodigal of dairy-produce', Tec. Corm. 11 . Of territory: 'san tír lachtmhuir, O'R. Poems 1555 . do mhuig lachtmair Fhlainn, O'Gr. Cat. 374.25.

1 lecaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 lecaid or dil.ie/29687

Forms: lecad, lectha

v (ON leggya, Greene, Celtica iv 45 )

(a) lays out, sets, places; lowers, lets down; extends, stretches : curaid . . . se traigid .l. legtair i fot cacha delba dib, Ériu ii 128 § 98 (Tenga Bithnua). ata . . . muir legthair [is]in fairgi deis indsi E. `is set', 112 § 35. legtair asna nimib .ix. ngaetha, § 33. leagar libsi . . . ichtara bar n-eirriud, MR 176.y . leagur lais . . . / sleagh glas re hais n-ursann, IGT Decl. ex. 474 . le dubhadh eagla mon-uar / don chur-so ní leagar lámh arms (raised in lamentation) are not lowered(?), DDána 79.15 . innstruimint . . . le legfadais he (of the descent from the Cross), Smaointe B. Chr. 4298 . seach ar leagadh riamh i gcré, Keat. Poems 611 . do leaccadar é le hiomarcaidh lūthghára lifted him down (from the ass), Beatha S. F. 2659 . leag mo bhata ar aghaidh an leinimh, 2 Kings iv 29 .

(b) Of lowering sail, etc.: do leagad leision a sheóil / a bportaibh díleann, Duan. F. ii 222 § 6 . mar leagar bréid longa ar loch, DDána 91.53 = IGT Decl. ex. 2131. Fig. seol an chogaidh leagthair leo, PBocht 10.21 . leag seol do mhéada meanma abate, 21.2 . leagfaidh seólta a thoile, TSh. 877. Cf. lecait uadib hi tír, LL 287a2 .

(c) l.¤ láim ar inflicts (chastisement, etc.) on: go leaga láimh ar fhear mh'agra, PBocht 18.34 . do leag Dia a lámh air leith re heasláinte . . . do chur ar a chorp, Beatha S. F. 153 .

For the phrase l.¤ uille ar see s.v. uilen.

(d) Implying the use of violence, throws to the ground, overthrows, prostrates, lays low: cid fa lecai na clocha / a Muirchertaig, RC xxiii 414.1 . leagais Laogh Idh, ┐ easonoraighis co mor é, TBC-LL¹ 3897 (Stowe). cuiris cloich . . . ina thaphaill gur leag ocht n-eona dib, p. 163 n.5 . gor' leagsat in rīghbili, ZCP v 22 § 13 . mór mbarr bentur don chruine / lecthar crann le casnaighe, IGT Decl. ex. 85. do lec se caislen Atha Angaili `razed', Ann. Conn. 1270.8 . go ro leccadh, ┐ coro láinbhrisedh an baile leó go talmhuin, AFM vi 2312.2 . a ghnúis Dé . . . / cur riot do leag Lúisifear was the downfall of, DDána 60.38 . co ro leac dia eoch he unhorsed him, ZCP iv 383.4 . sul do leagadh an teagh ar chách dá marbhadh, TSh. 5661 . leagaidh iomad toirtheamhlachta an gort (segetem nimia sternit ubertas), 6992 . ro leagadh an barūn isin ffiaprus, Fl. Earls 238.17 .

Vn. lecad, part. lectha.

manaís

Cite this: eDIL s.v. manaís or dil.ie/31516

Forms: mánaís, mánais, manaís, manaís, manaise

n i, f., mánaís, LU 5136 ( TBC-I¹ 652 ), mánais, TBC-LL¹ 5403 , 5180 , cf. 3606 , 4360 , but manaís, 1285 , cf. 3612 . manaís, IGT Dec. § 13 (p. 66.3) .

A large spear with broad head and sharp point , see Joyce Soc. Hist. i 109 ; a `trowel-shaped thrusting spear ', Manners and Customs index . For a discussion see ZCP xix 324 . manaois .i. sleagh, O'Cl. manaois sen-ainm sleighe righ, Forus Foc. 48. manais lethanglas for crúnd midṡing i lláim cech fir, TBC-I¹ 10 , cf. 2840 . manais brefnech [bréfech LU], 1158 . dia not-airle monais [mánaís LU] mo phopa Conchobair as mo laim-sea, 652 . dober-sa mo láim fón manais murnig Conchobair, TBC-LL¹ 1285. erchor do m.¤ móir lethanglais, TTr.² 730. manaois mhuirneach mhóirleabhair, ML 140.28 . pl. noí manaise , BDD 116. tri mánaisi mára, LL 266b3 = MU 30.22 . a mmuinighin a manaisi ┐ a llaigen, CCath. 5820. go manaoisibh moirleabhra, AFM vi 2126. Carried on the back: manaois . . . ré hais a gualann, Todd Lect. iv 72 § 23. dairedha . . . do mhanaisib druimnechaibh re gelguaillip curadh os a cennaib, CCath. 5347.

sceinnid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sceinnid or dil.ie/36375

Forms: sceindid, sescaind, sceinm, sceinned

v i. O.Ir. sceindid with redupl. pret. sescaind. Later with s-pret. Vn. sceinm, sceinned.

(a) springs, starts, darts : rosescaind blog dind ailig fo sūil Nēde, Corm. Y 698 ( Anecd. iv 60.5 ). srethis liic telma . . . fair co nsescaind ina c[h]end so that it entered his head, TBC-I¹ 1407 . coro sceindset na fóit a cruib na n-ech so that the sods flew from the hooves of the horses, LU 10465 . da scind deaman dobertach | trēsin teine gan loiscthi, ZCP v 23 § 22 . sgeinnid eoin ar innmeraibh, KMMisc. 313.27 . sceindis in bleidhmil fon muir fochettoir, BNnÉ 61 § 83 . sceinnig in mil co hobunn fria hanail, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 43.20 . sceindidh ind ainim uadh, RC xxvi 366.7 . sceinnis a chridi . . . a miduactur a chléib, CRR 8 (12.17) . sgendid fochetoir in soighid asin crecht, Aen. 3030 . no sceinnedh-lingedh in claidem ina coilgdírgi cetna doridisi (i.e. after being bent), CCath. 5251 (leg. no s.¤ ┐ no lingedh?). rosceind crithel . . . do teinid na hidbarta, TTebe 4358 . co ro sceinn drithle ó a mhaisde isin bpúdar, AFM vi 2072.20 . do sgeind luch a cind C. fo choim T., ii 906.3 . mar sgeana sginneas im chliabh, TSh. 2143 (verse). ro sceinn an t-ech diomsach dar a hais shied, TFrag. 224.1 . sginnfidh do shláinte amach go lúath `shall spring forth', Isaiah lviii 8 . gilla scuir nach sceinn `that never shirked his duty', SG 111.20 . Cf. ro scinnset . . . muinnter in Raigellaig fairsium . . . ┐ ro marbsat é attacked him, SG 395.1 .

(b) springs apart, flies off (as a head from the body, etc.): bentai frisin corthe . . . co sescaind cach ball de a lethe, LU 5014 = sceasain, TBC-I¹ 525 . co scescain (sic) aidarc dia chēle (of a bull), TBC-I¹ 3661 . scendit a thūaga de, 3614 (cf. TBC-LL¹ 6039 and 1 túag). condasesguing a sgiath oda bhili go broin split, RC xiv 256 § 2 . gur sginnedur a suile tara cend amach so that his eyes sprang out of his head, Fier. 130 . scīath rígh M. . . . | nīr sceing re haladh gāi [n]glas, ZCP viii 227 § 5 . coro shescuind a cend co raibi hi mbun ina gablui, RC xiii 30.11 . mas si in indeoin ro sceind ann `slipped (off the block)', Laws iii 188.21 Comm . = do cuaidh as in cip, O'Curry 926 ( H 3.18, 406 ). go rosging a crann as (of a spear), BS 10.24 . gur sgeinn an fiugh de'n tsaghfach the ferule flew off the staff, ITS i 26.z .

(c) spouts, gushes forth (of water, blood, etc.): co sescaind a loim foulae (= fola) tar a beolu, RC xii 100 § 135 . do scinn a fúil as his blood gushed forth, Fier. 47 . do shcinneadar na huisgeadha amhach `gushed', Isaiah xlviii 21 . do sging sruth . . . déar uadh, Dhá Sgéal Art. 1189 .

(d) rebounds, glances off (of a spear from a shield, etc.): sginnis in tsleg a n-airdi esti amail dodechad do charruic, Fianaig. 66.12 . co roscend do sgiath A. (of a spear), Aen. 2625 . sginnid na hairm don charraig, Content. xvii 5 . sgeinnidh colg sleighe dá sliocht (of a castle), DDána 119.11 . ro sginnedar a n-airm dhe | amhail ba coirrthi cloiche, Duan. F. i 40.35 .

(e) departs, vanishes, comes to an end: dar sging gach maithes on múr `all good vanished', Fen. 238.8 . ro sceind da ttrian einigh . . . o laochaibh na hErenn le cloistecht an sceoilsin `fled', Cog. 204.y . Cf. do sgeinn mé as got fhaisgin `I fainted', Magauran 446 .

Appar. confused with 1 sceirtid (q.v.) in: ge do né tu do ding dang as dít scenter an salann (to a bell), AFM ii 786.5 .

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