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1 fert

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 fert or dil.ie/21749
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: feurt, fert, feirt, firt, Fiurt, Firt, feart, firt, feart, fearta, feart, ferta

n o, n. (later m.): n s. feurt, Trip. 317.19 . fert mbecc, 138.20 . See also Fert n-Aífe, Fert n-Ailbi, Hog. Onom. g s. feirt, AU 862 . firt, Laws iv 214.4 . i Fiurt Sciach, TBC-LL¹ 5714 = i Firt S., 5720 . feart (m.) IGT, Decl. § 90 (mixed decl.; d s. firt, feart; g s. n a p. fearta (for gs. see BNnÉ 271.7 cited below); g p. feart).

A mound or tumulus: gl. tumulum ( Eclog. v 42 ) Thes. ii 46.361 . Esp. a mound over a burial-place , often of great size, hence common in place-names (freq. folld. by gen. of npr.); the tumulus of Dowth in Co. Meath is called uam ḟeirt Boadan AU 862 . Cf. sepelierunt eas ... et fecerunt fossam rotundam [in] similitudinem fertae, quia sic faciebant [Scotici] homines et gentiles. Nobiscum hautem reli[c] uocatu[r], id est reliquiae, et feurt, Ardm. 12b1 ( Trip. 317 ), and (description of burial-customs:) fert óen-doruis d'ḟir ... f.¤ co ndib dorsib for mnai, | ferta cen dorsi drena | for maccu for ingena, Metr. Dinds. iv 152 (quoted by Keat., TSh. 5766 , who explains `fert' as `mion-ráth'; the reading of LL 200b58 substitutes `ráth' for `fert'), from which it appears that the `fert' was often a chambered tumulus. Hence by glossators expld. as a burial-place: f.¤ .i. adnacul, Corm. Y 638 . ferta .i. adnacal, O'Mulc. 523 . f.¤ .i. ulad cumdachta O'Dav. 961 . feart .i. uagh, O'Cl. In older texts distinguished from `lecht' q.v., but later used in general sense of grave (esp. in poetic usage) and of Christian burial . rolād ... a gāir guba ┐ a ḟ.¤ ┐ a lia, Ériu i 121 . adbath F.¤ andsin. Ro claidead a leacht ┐ ro laigeadh a feart, RC xxiv 184.15 . a lecht ┐ a ḟeart a n-aenecht, BB 62a2 . ní fil ... cnoc ... nach f.¤ ríg, LU 2889 . cor clasta a fert, 10738 . clada[i]r a f.¤ sátir a lia scribthair a ainm n-ogaim, 5704 = TBC-I¹ 1230 . adhlaicthear mise san bfeart | ┐ clochtar ann mo leacht, IT 112 145.584 . dentar m'ḟ.¤ ┐ m'adhnacul, Acall. 6076 . os cenn m'ferta 'san cill, BNnÉ 271.7 . uaigh nó feart talmhan do dhéanamh go bhfad ┐ go leithead an chuirp, ... ┐ carn cloch do chor ós a chionn, dá ngairthí leacht, mar atá feart Mhaothagáin i nUíbh F., TSh. 5756 . pl. (?) ferta fenned, LB 140b55 ( Hom. Leg. 81 = fertadh feineadh, B. Fermoy 103b , see under fertad). A mound (for spectators to sit or stand on?) at an `oenach' or assembly: clad firt (.i. in oenaig) `the ditch of a fair-green' Laws iv 220.9 ; 22 . denam oenaig (.i. a claide ┐ a ferta), i 156.28 ; 160.1 urba in berna (.i. suidech na Taillten .i. inad da cuailli dec) i f.¤ aireach, v 474.12 ; 476.14 . ro cechladar fert fōtmaig fo suigiu a taīsich, TBC-I¹ 3144 . Conchobar ... is hē desid forsin fert fotmaig, 3177 . ro clas fert fodbuigh dia pubaill ar in ard a mound of sods was dug for [the king's] tent Anecd. ii 77.10 . A mound or dyke used as a boundary-mark: tellach cille tar a f.¤ (.i. tar firt a mūir no a caisil), Laws v 210.6 . rath no feart no secib duae (as boundary-marks) iv 144.16 Comm . do luid tar feart a ced-teallaig (.i. tar clad in fearaind), 8.18 ; 10.6 . O'Dav. 968 (a céttechta). tar ferann in ti eirges as a firt, Laws iv 126.15 Comm. as a firt .i. as a ferann, 42.21 Comm . Cf. feart .i. fearann, O'Cl. Freq. in place-names, see Hog. Onom. s.v. Fert . Ath da Ḟert, TBC-LL¹ 2817 = A. Da Ḟertai (ferta LU) TBC-I¹ 2135 . Damhliac na Ferta, AU 1090 . COMPDS. feartmagh .i. fearannmagh, O'Cl. Cf. also feartlaoidh grave-lay, epitaph in mod. poetry, e.g. Aodhagán Ó Rathaille ITS iii2 158 .

reilic

Cite this: eDIL s.v. reilic or dil.ie/34955

 

Forms: reilce, relec, -reilce, reilg, roileg, reileag, relgi

n f. (Lat. reliquiae) n p. reilce. g p. relec, LU 4040 . -reilce, Fél. Oct. 1 (in sense b). Later forms are roileg and reilg. roileg reileag f., IGT Dec. § 54.11 . g s. relgi, ex. 1404 .

(a) a burial-place , used both of pagan and Christian cemeteries: fecerunt fossam rotundam (in) similitudinem fertae, quia sic faciebant (Scotici) homines. Nobiscum hautem reli(c) uocatu(r) id est reliquiae, et feurt, Trip. 317.18 ( Ardm. 12b1 ). relic .i. a reliqui[i]s sanctorum , Corm. Y 1096 . reilic, gl. coemeterium, Ir. Gl. 691 . rupu sí a rreilic, gl. quorum cadavera prostrata sunt in deserto, Wb. 33a22 . combad he bad reilec adnaicthi dó ┐ día chlaind in Brug, LU 4109 . for son reilgce, `nach Art eines Friedhofs', Wortk. 201 ( SR 4411 ). iat tri réilce idlaide relec Thailten . . . relec Crúachan . . . ┐ relec in Broga, LU 2875 (= BB 249a5 ). rob í Tailltin tres primh-reileag na hEirenn, Ériu iii 150 § 2 . tempaill Dea ┐ relci idal, CCath. 5647 . i rrelgib idhol, 4008 . a chorp do léigean i reilg iodhal, Keat. ii 5412 .

Usually of Christian cemeteries attached to a church or oratory, somet. including the latter: in scuap bís immon corp ica thabairt do chum relggi, LL 161a marg. sup. roileg uasal Oireachtaigh | innte rob áil lem loighe, ZCP xii 393.24 . nach itge gigestar do Dia oc relcib nóemaib, Ériu ii 196 § 12 . dolluid desel relci, MacCongl. 11.3 . iar ccoisreaccadh tempall ┐ relgeadh, AFM iii 8.16 . In Laws allusion is made to the custom of taking oaths in cemeteries: dombeir fo secht relgaib he proffers it (an oath) at seven cemeteries , v 454.32 Comm. diablad luchta fira docum reilgi doubling the number of testators in the cemetery , Cóic Con. 37 § 50 . See ib. p. 64 and Ériu ix 114 . etach reilge (a funeral-due to the church), Laws v 432.14 Comm.

In follg. exx. seems used of the enclosure round a saint's `reiclés' (which became later a burial-place): tuctha dá ech Dare chuca ina regles . . . ar rubu [ḟ]érach ind reilec, Trip. 228.15 . rucc na bu do lār na reilcce, BNnÉ 315 § 10 (of Rahen). co cloisind núall ri táeb reilcci, fuam na fairrge, ZCP v 496 x (poem attributed to Colum Cille on an island). In follg. exx. of the church itself: almsa menic maith | don relic dian toich, KMMisc. 264.7 . guth an c[h]luicc in gach roilig buig, ZCP xii 395.4 . cf. ACL iii 233.20 (where read: in cach reilic mbuig). do chumdaigh se imat reilg . . . .i. tempall Anacis Granis . . . ┐ tempall a n-anoir San Sem, etc., ITS xix 12.20 (eclasa v.l.). Cf. basil[i]ci .i. relci, ar batar rig tantum no adnaictis intib, O'Mulc. 128 . Freq. in place-names, s. Hog. Onom. s.v. relecc .

(b) in pl. relics (of a saint): im reilcib Póil ┐ Petair, Lat. Lives 20.3 . cona reilgib (.i. cona taisib), ACL iii 20 § 47 , cf. Trip. 84.18 . notabar fercubat fir isind adnacal ar nā tucaiter do reilci ┐ do thaisi ass, Trip. 252.29 . ? foracaib P. reilgi sruithiu i lLecain Midi `relics of elders' (? ancient relics ), 82.5 . itat a relce ┐ a thaisi . . . i talmain, Lism. L. 2775 . reilci Patraic do tabairt i scrin, AU 552 . féil nóebreilce ṅ-úasal, Fél. Oct. 1 .

(c) in B. na f. a body (of a living person): mo c[h]orc am reilic (.i. mo chraidhe am chorp), ZCP v 487 § 1 .