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7 a

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 7 a or dil.ie/8
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: a, a, a, a, a, a, a, á, as, as, assin, asind, as, as, as, as, as, ast, assa, asa, asar, as, assa, asa, asum, essiut, ass, as, es, essi, esse, eissi, esti, eisti, este, aiste, essib, eissib, esib, estib, eistib, asta, asa

prep. with dat., geminating out of, from . In O.Ir. glosses frequ. á (see Celtica ii 239 - 40 ). See GOI § 834 . The usual form before nouns is a: a corin[tib], Wb. 7c18 . a ppecad, 3b3 . a persin, 4c23 . a rrath, 12a7 . a rrangabáil, Sg. 196b5 . a llatin, Ml. 3a15 . a mmedón, Tur. 72 . á óensonaib, Wb. 12a10 . In later lang. also as(s): as talomh, Fl. Earls 112.29 . as Éirinn, Rel. Celt. ii 182.13 (see Desid. xxxiv ). Before proclitics as(s). With article: assin folud, Wb. 9c10 . asind óinrainn, Sg. 197a17 . as tír, BDD² 435 . as tig, 544 . Note also: as cech ṡét, Thes. ii 320.3 .

With poss. adj. 1 s. as mo chuimriug, Wb. 23b7 . 2 s. as do, Sc.M² 11 . ast, 12 . 3 s. assa, Wb. 2c7 . 20d13 . asa, 25d16 . 1 pl. asar, Wb. 15c24 . 2 pl. as for, LU 8551 (H) ( FB 41 ). 3 pl. assa, MU² 276 . asa, 390 .

With suffixed pron. 1 s. asum, ZCP vi 285.8 . 2 s. essiut, RC xiv 188.z . 3 s. m. and n. ass, Wb. 29b15 . as, Ml. 36c20 . es, RC xxv 346 § 2 . 3 s. f. essi, Ml. 85c14 . esse, 113d2 , 131c14 . eissi, Sg. 196b2 . esti, PH 197 . eisti, BDD² 1405 . este, ZCP vi 81.4 . aiste, TSh. 4477 . 3 pl. essib, Wb. 12a10 , b23 . Ml. 87b18 . eissib, Sg. 190a1 . esib, 51b11 . estib, PH 2878 . eistib, ML² 1478 . asta, TSh. 2791 .

With rel. as(s)a n-: asatoróimed, Wb. 11a19 . See GOI § 834 , IGT Introd. § 100 (25.12) .

I Expressing motion, out of, from: oc techiud a rroí, Críth G. 539 . co rróimid topar husci ass, Trip.² 93 . fuil totmad (leg. totma(e)?) a crann a wound sustained in falling from a tree, Laws v 362.z . in ti bis for imrama a inad d'inad from place to place, Laws iv 36.12 Comm. coillti an talman do thuitim as a premaibh will be uprooted, RC xxviii 312 § 9 . luid fer a cath, BColm. 94.15 . facbuid-si asin tir-si leave this land, RC xiv 56 § 69 . na fuirighedh a Temraig ach imthiged asti co hobann, Ériu iii 170 § 29 . co cuala géim bó ic tiachtain al-loch Ṡithgail `out of Loch S.', Dinds. 155 ( RC xvi 270 ). rosái assen dia thigh, RC xviii 184.28 . atracht focétóir in marb a bás, RC ii 390 z . no ássad bolgg corcra assa etun a purple blister would grow out of his forehead, Ériu iv 32.3 . With impers. vb. ní thig asta `they do not shrink' (of shoes), O'Rah. xviii 24 . Without accompanying verb: do rigne Dia firt . . . .i. in topur husci asin talmain, Trip.² 96 . cúiseach bind asa bēalaibh sweet piping from her lips, Ériu iv 174. § 8 . asa tuaisciurt inda deiscert `(to go) from the North (of it) to the south (of it)', Mon. Tall. 133. 22 (§ 17) . do chuir se iarraidh ar thigerna A. . . . as Eirinn chuige `sent to the laird of A. to come to him from Ireland', Rel. Celt. ii 182.13 .

In complement of object of transitive verbs: with various transitive verbs (see also under several vbs.): tóbe uitiorum assa anmin `the cutting of vice out of his soul', Wb. 2c7 . aní asatorbatha `that out of which they have been cut', 5b39 . . . . benus do ṡūil as do chinn, ACL iii 308, z . ni béram ass gl. nec aufferre quid possimus ( 1 Timothy vi 7 ), Wb. 29b15 . dobert . . . dí báe déc . . . assint shíd, TBFr. 6 . an ghairbhiachtach . . . chuirid asta which they emit, TSh. 6705 . tarslaic Petrum a slabreid released Thes. ii 304.1 (Hy. i). is as do leigi iat (of shots), as a ninat . . ., Laws iv 226.17 . atdobrarbadse a tír Hérenn you have been banished from Ireland, BDD² 416 . ar ndichur a nGall esib, Ann. Conn. 1338.4 . hoc a tafonn (ac a cur v.l.) asa gort driving it out of his field, ACL iii 2.8 . gabais . . . daur . . . assa frēnaib, Sc.M² 18 . dasrenga ais `drew it out', Mon. Tall. 150.29 (§ 61). is cían rosraeined amach / Iudaich a crīch Rōmānach, ZCP viii 115.17 . dá sraoilleadh . . . as a chéile, TSh. 5696 . di loscud a thige . . . di gait as—a leth di gait ind for stealing from it . . . for bringing stolen property into it, Críth G. 123 . tonindnaig . . . leithi in chon dó assa laim chlí gives him . . . with her left hand, RC iii 177.5 . adetha C. assa láim, 6 . do urail S. a cengal as scotaib ceathra sdet `ordered him to be bound to the tails of 4 steeds', ITS xix 100.7 . gairfidh Íosa uair nó dó / as an talmhain a dteasdó, Dán Dé xiv 9 .

Common in 3 s. n. as adv. with verbs of going, etc. tíagait ass na teachta-sin depart, Sc.M² 4 R . documlát ass do Chrúachnaib, TBFr. 42 . amal ossa is amlaid rorathatar ass they ran like deer, Ériu iii 141.208 . imsái as in mac the boy turns away, Ériu i 116 § 5 . Hence with verbs of going, etc. escapes: 'san domnach dodechaid ass / a broinn in bledhmil Ionas, Ériu iii 144 § 14 . bualadh Tairrdelbaig . . . acht cena terno som ass, RC xviii 35.27 . ní dechaidh as gan gabāil nō gan marbadh acht Sir Gyi . . ., ZCP vi 72.12 . creid nách fhuil dul as ar domhan agad ót olc shíordhuidhe, Mac Aingil 1857 . Related meanings. Dies, comes to an end: dia ndech nech dībh as `departs' (this life), Marco P. 140 . din ló dochúaid Cerball ass, RC xx. 12 § 20 . ni ragha in la-su ass `this day will not go by', CCath. 3573 . na heirig ass co madain / do deacraib rig in richid (sic leg., ed.) do not cease till morning from (recounting) the wonders of the king of heaven, Ériu v 26.22 . co n-erlai [int archaingel] a rrecht ind ríg `forsook the law', Ériu ii 108 § 22 . With other verbs in idiomatic phrases: not-ber as dom' inchaib get thee out of my sight, ZCP i 105.1 . beir as tú `escape' Keat. iii 3246 . tucsat as in oidhchi-sin co himsnímach spent that night, Fianaig. 52.17 . a bheatha do thabhairt as go measardha to lead a life of moderation, TSh. 268 . ruccsatt ass amhlaidh sin ifoimhdin aroile they continued, Hugh Roe 288.17 (fo. 76a) . ni rug og na sen a comfad-so as damh riam gan toitim lium `held out against me', ZCP vi 101.7 . cuir ass na dorchu tuccais expel the darkness thou hast brought, Anecd. iii 35.17 . ata si arna cur as anois `it is now destroyed' (of a city), Maund. 43 . a lecan as, he was set free, RC xviii 283.15 . leicem as ar n-imram let us give up, RC xxvi. 136 § 9 . leig as 'athair cease, father, Ériu iv. 51 § 7 . do lēic ech in rīgh ar a glūinibh hī . . . ┐ nīr fēdadh as hī she could not be got out of that position, ZCP xiii 182.31 . Without accompanying vb. (freq. as ipv.) ass, a duine, ar éat `get out, O man!' (be off), Fél. 184.6 . as tír duit get thee out of the land, RC xxv 24.6 . as as bhar Fraoch get hence, get hence, said F. ML 124.13 . asa sin doibh, Rel. Celt. ii 178.3 . aisidhe dhó co Tulaig na C. thence he went, ZCP xiv 259.8 . In phrase: ní has dó there is no escape for him, he has no chance of escape (see O'Rahilly, Celtica i 348 ): ma commhor th'eucht led bhriathruibh, ni has dhamhsa if your deeds are on a par with your words there is no escape for me, Luc. Fid. 344.12 . ni has dh'aoinneach aguibh there is no escape for any of you, 284.15 . nach bu has dh'iachtaranuibh no dh'uachtaranuibh, 260.22 . ní has d'Éirinn eatorra between them Ireland has no escape, DDána 92.7 . In phr. as ┐ ind: do ḟeitheam a long . . . as ┐ ind `to watch his vessels (going) out and (coming) in', Dinds. 135 ( RC xvi 142.6 ). cloictheach . . . ┐ eoin duba . . . ind ┐ as `passing into and out of it', RC xvii 394.y .

II Expressing origin, source.

(a) from, originating in: a grec anísiu `from the Greek' Sg. 148b14 . assin tein atgládastar `out of the fire he addressed him', Thes. ii 318.4 (Hy. ii). ba hingnád aisec asind inut sin (.i. a détaib in chon allaid), Trip.² 148 . in port asa n-accai Patraic inna naimtiu, 1500 . bá foderc dó . . . assa imduí, LU 8219 ( FB § 16 ). nír faei i tig as mbi eggna suillsi tenead, BDD² 175 . is hí ro hic súil ind ríg / a topor Locha Dá líg, IT i 131.29 . is a Hérind anair, MU² 513 . secht mile as so `seven miles from here ', ZCP vi 295.7 . co fesamar can as tucad till we know whence it was brought, Ériu i 46.10 . ni fes can as tánic `whence it came', RC xviii 302.7 . a tírib hIndía do, PH 820 . niamh ḟíona a hór (drunk) from a gold goblet, DDána 119.25 . from (of a number out of a group): mart as gach creich, muc as gach crú, caora as gach trét, BNnÉ 265 § 230 . sé ar fichit a Huib Neill `six and twenty of the Húi Néill', RC xxiv 202. 14 . Of the ground of proof from: is follus as for ng[n]imaib ni dligthi comardad fris etir, LU 8551 ( FB 41 ). follus asna scélaib-so Colmáin it is clear from these stories about Colman, BColm. 102, 12 . is esti demniges, PH 2185 . créad is iontuigthe as sin, TSh. 161 .

With various vbs.: nī contesba banne ass `not a drop was wanting therefrom', Thes. ii 348.3 (Hy. v). a tír asa tairidnither `from the land out of which (the water) is drawn', Ériu xvii 68 § 8 . cid asa fordailtea grád túa[i]the? what is the basis of the different grades of the `túath'? Críth G. 6 . rí rodelb eisse cach ṅduil, SR 25 . asnabbrad hi sennathib `whence it was said', Fianaig. 30.13 . rofiarfaigh dib crēd asa fuaradar an cís aingid sin, RC x 185.y . gach ainm eile . . . nach sloinntear as tarbh, Maguires of F. 45 .

(b) Hence introducing the instrument or cause of an action, etc. by, with, because or by reason of: a faill do denam for being neglectful, Laws iv 50.10 . ro bendach Pátraic asa díb lámaib in Machai with his hands, Trip.² 2799 . asa réir budesin of his own accord, Ériu i 219 § 7 . as mothoil féin `of my own will', RC xiii 272.6 . nach maith dogni duine asa chorp isin domun any good thing a man does with his body, Ériu vii 172.y . Cluain maic Nois d'argain . . . a comairle Muirchertaig, on M.'s advice, RC xviii 30.25 . is a radurc atconnairc Ith . . . Slébe Irruis deiscirt, Ériu iv 142.16 . roslen Nél assa lurg, by means of his track, Metr. Dinds. iii 404.13 . cia mod as a mbrisend recht in what way, PH 2588 . do-rinne an tshoil cumhachda gáoidhilgi ortha as ar cóir do chomhardadh íad by reason of which, IGT Introd. 11.16 . lot mh'anma a silleadh na súl / do rinneadh, Dán Dé ix 4 . a caingean Dé do diúltadh, IGT Decl. ex. 1355 . mellaid mōr duini asa dath / gid buidi in t-ōr is otrach, ACL iii 238 § 16 . Note also: ragat gussin Rōimh as go ffuilēngat croch ┐ cēssadh, Fl. Earls 206.25 ; whereby they will suffer Celtica ix 117-18 . Cf. 8.18 , 170.8 . With créd: créd dorinne sí asa rabhus di marsin what she had done that they were treating her thus, Ériu v 168.82 . créad as nach adhradh . . . na dée mar chách why, Keat. ii 5393 . With adv. as: is as tugadh Nár air this is why he was called N., 3645 .

(c) Introducing the name of a language: ainm an inaidh sin . . . a Gaeidheilcc in Irish, Maund. 57 . laphruiss . . . assin bérla glan ghrécach in the pure Grecian tongue, Anecd. i 34.70 . berla na filed asa n-acaillit cach dib aroile wherein they all address each other, Auraic. 200 .

III Miscellaneous uses.

(a) In sense of attached to, compos- ed of, in etc. : amal bīs tuir már oc fulang tige ┐ illāma esti, Corm. Y 1224 . ro-lēcis gaī form-sa co-rrabae as mo scíath `so that it stuck in my shield', Sc.M² 11 . cipe [no beth] démnach asa mér no asa brága whoever was possessed by a demon in his finger or in his throat, RC ii 400 § 40 . a edach delradach . . . imi, as a ndenad idbarta do Baich `in which he was wont to offer sacrifices', TTebe 2842 . gu bhfaiceabh asin coluinn-si Dia, ITS xix 92.6 . Cf. rí sithamail asa flaithes in respect of, Rawl. B 512 fo. 69d .

(b) After vbs. expressing recognition, etc. : atgénammár asa samail in fer sin, LU 6805 ( FB 46 ). cinnas do aith[g]ēnmais in degmnái . . . asa deilb ┐ asa costud, a tlás, a fos, a féile, ZCP viii 112.22 . misi do aimsigh Eabha / as a basuibh bairrgheala / 's as a derc ramhoill raglais, Ériu iv. 112.26 - 27 . ad-mestar asa toirthib talmain, ZCP xi 94 § 33 . ? a samlaib én n-etarlúamain, LU 8628 ( FB 47 ) (rhet.).

(c) After vbs. of bathing, washing: do-dheochaid co mbricht neimhe lé do Frāech corusfothraic ás . . . a arma he bathed his weapons in it, ZCP xiii 175.6 . doluid Cuchulaind dia bualad asna huscibsin, TBC-I¹ 2742 . nocho raibi husce ocai asa ndénad in bathis, Trip.² 91 . ro tinsain usce . . . conid as ronig a derc with it he washed his eye, Dinds. 64 ( RC xv 462 ). usce asa negar Grip, ZCP iii 214.14 . roghonais mo dhalta / rodergais as t'fhogha thou hast reddened thy spear in his blood, BS 12.14 .

(d) After vbs. of paying, exchanging, etc. dobertha a chutroma d'or ┐ d'argat ass, Hugh Roe 220.3 (fo. 58b) . diass as in cethramuin ┐ da bho as an bfer nach fuighthi dibh .i. bó as in duine ┐ bo as in éidegh, L. Chl. S. 31 . tainic Ciaran dá fhuascladh, ┐ tucc moran oir ┐ argait ass in return for him, BNnÉ 117.27 . dober braighi maith duit asum fein `I will bring thee a good hostage for myself', ZCP vi 70.15 . dlighe do dhíol as, TSh. 10084 .

(e) After words expressing hope, trust, doubt etc. : go ndearna dall / dóigh as an té do thoghsam, Dán Dé iv 26 . as do thrócuire atá ar ndóchas, xix 21 . thairisi asa deghgnimradhaibh féin, CCath. 330 . an neimhiocht gnáthach do bhí aige as féin `it was sad that his brother always had a suspicion of him', his usual mistrust for him, Keat. ii 2504 . bith cunntaphuirt agut asi[n] nduine aithenus tu `be on your guard against', Ériu v 136 § 93 . etir cin co fiss / no co n-anfiss ass, ACL iii.222.30 .

(f) After vbs. of boasting, etc. : dia maide as a shúalchib, PH 4855 . itā mo chorp 'na c[h]amra / cid uaibrech as m'urlabra, ACL iii 239 § 34 . rom-moltar ar cech feib as mo ghail, ZCP v 503.24 . créad as a ndéine díomus, TSh. 633 .

IV In later lang. also of time from, since: ní nach dearnadh as mo nua ná as mo naoidheantacht ariamh riom, ML 100.14 . fer na dechaid asa naindin riam gan cenn Connachtaig lais `from his childhood', ZCP i 103.1 . asa naidendacht `from his infancy', RC ii 386 § 9 . sé is (leg. as) th'óige ort / [is] móide ar an ḟolt mh'fiafraighidh that thou hast it since thy youth increases my wonder (?) at the hair, DDána 114.2 . asa tosuch from the beginning, Ériu iv 214.18 . nambered cách a huair dena maccleirchib dochum a tige leo `would take him home in turn', Ériu ii 222.24 .

In prep. phrases, see aithle, céile, ucht, etc. In adv. phrase see núa.

acallam

Cite this: eDIL s.v. acallam or dil.ie/114
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: ac(c)aldam, acaldaim, acallaim, agacallaim, acacallaim, agallaimh, agallam, accaldam, accallam, acallmad, tagallmhadh, agallmha, aghalladh, agailt

ā, f. vn of ad-gládathar. O.Ir. ac(c)aldam. n s. acaldaim, Trip.² 1486 . acallaim, Anecd. ii 51.12 . agacallaim, acacallaim, BB 493a3, 10 (dittography? Cf. Alex. 543 ff. ) agallaimh f., IGT Decl. § 37. Verbs § 65 . As o, m. ? g s. a rīgdamna acallaim cēir, BDC 110.105 . (?) a s. agallam, Stair Erc. 2234 , d s. accaldam, Wb. 3c4 . accallam, Ann. Conn. 1255.8 . Later also acallmad, etc. an tagallmhadh , ML 48.y , 44.z . agallmha (:tharla), Content. viii 20 . Keat. ii 2687 . aghalladh, Luc. Fid. 196.17 . agailt, O'Rah. xvi 51 .

Act of addressing, conversing with; address, colloquy: acallaim .i. a salutatione , O'Mulc. 71 . accaldam auctor ind recto inso `this is an address to the teachers of the Law', Wb. 3c4 . acaltam geinte inso, 4d4 . mad aill duib cid accaldam neich diib `if ye desired even to converse with any one of them', 13b3 . ba mór meld a acaldam `his converse was very delightful', Thes. ii 291 § 6 (Hy. i). oc accaldim dé, Wb. 15a20 . lais feisin cen acaldaim nach aili gl. cum secum aliquis loquitur, Sg. 153b7 . co rorosind mo ṡaith for tacaldaimsiu `that I might attain to have my fill of discourse with thee', Mon. Tall. 136.27 (§ 25) . ba imned la Fráech cen acallaim na ingine, TBFr. 155 . a trian rocharsa[t] Coin Culainn batis [d]aill cot acallaim, RC viii 60.15 . ` i.e. those who loved C.Ch. used to assume blindness (i.e. imitate his blemish) when talking to anybody', O'Brien, Celtica iv 98 . tair d'agalladh Adhamnáin TFrag. 80.15 . acallaim inclethi, MR 178.19 .

In sense of dealing with, coping with: nach raichnea . . . sluag acallma Ulad champions capable of dealing with the Ulstermen, TBC-LL¹ 5088 . fo-gēbait a n-acallaim lind sund 'they will find their match here with us', BDC 130.407, 258.580 . i modh agallmha, Content. viii 3 .

In later lang. also with follg. prep.: ag agailt fa'n scéal discussing the matter, O'Rah. xvi 51 . ag aghalladh ar na [n]aomhuibh calling upon the saints, Luc. Fid. 196.17 .

In IGT vocative case : faisnéis is agalluimh a n-énrann (a metrical fault), IGT Introd. § 2 (2.27) . IGT Metr. Faults § 23 . a fhiora as cóir ann ó ghairm agallmha, IGT Introd. § 78 (20.6) . lochdach [agalluimh] a ttús chomhfhocuil, § 97 (24.22) . ailm na hagallmha the vocative particle, § 129 (29.23) .

ad-aig

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-aig or dil.ie/259
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: a-tom-aig, a-tob-aich, a-tn-agat, adagar, adagatar, a-tn-aig, ad-aigtis, ad-n -agad, atagtha, a-tan-ebla, adeblad, adacht, adachtatár, atachtsat, adacht, adachta, at(n)aigid

v Usually given as compd. of aigid ( Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 451 ), but in conjunct position -aig only is found. Perh. orig. ad-aig, -aig, a verb of the type described GOI § 543 (a) (ro-cluinethar etc.). Hence ad-aig here with deut. forms only and without vn. In mid. Ir. very common with tautological inf. pron. 3 s.m. (atn-aig). See aigid.

Indic. pres. 3 s. a-tom-aig, Wb. 10d26 . a-tob-aich, 9c20 . 3 pl. a-tn-agat, TBFr. 273 . Pass. sg. adagar, BB 252b27 . Pl. adagatar, Críth G. 93 . Ipv. 2 s. a-tn-aig, TBC-I¹ 935 . Indic. impf. 3 pl. ad-aigtis, MR 256.24 . Subj. impf. 3 s. ad-n -agad, Laws v 466.5 . Pass. sg. atagtha, Ériu ii 122 § 63 . Fut. 3 s. a-tan-ebla, Sc.M² § 3 . 3 pl. adeblad, RC xxi 382.12 v.l. pret. 3 s. adacht, LL 4899 . 3 pl. adachtatár, LU 5344 . atachtsat, Leb. Gab.(i) 116.16 . Pass. sg. adacht, LL 13608 . Pl. adachta, Dinds. 128 ( RC xvi 80 ). Later as simple vb. at(n)aigid.

(a) drives, impels to (DO): cid atobaig dó `what impels you to it?' Wb. 19d10 . is foirbthetu hirisse attotaig do neoch dogní `we know it is perfection of faith that impels thee to what thou doest', 6c16 . cid atobaich cen dílgud cech ancridi dognethe frib `what impels you not to forgive every injury that may have been done to you?', 9c20 . dílmaine aisndísen atannaig[n]i do, Ml. 93d12 . ar is ainbfius ┐ seimple adidnuid do, Laws i 94.7 . adaig a mmairtorad do digh `the produce of the sea impels one to drink', Ériu xii 20 § 25 . atnaig G. dó assin tig G. drove him out of the house, LL 13590 . atnaig dó for teiched, 13610 . Of driving animals etc.: fer adaig secht mbu i tir a cheile, Laws iii 128.2 . fer idaig cethra . . . ina fér . . . amail bid a cethra fodesin adnagad ind, v 466.4 . at-nagar gamain istech die marbad, Ériu vii 198 § 6 . ad-nagar cæra histech, 199 § 7 = doberar, 6 §§ 6, 7 . atnaigset na huain . . . docum a mmaithrech, Lism. L. 86 . adnaig tar fot cruach i nardnimed `he brings him away over gory sod into a high sanctuary', Ériu xii 83.14 . adacht Laigniu he drove the Leinstermen before him, LL 4899 . a.¤ i tenid sets on fire : adachtatár in crích hi tenid, LU 5344 (TBC). Note also: atan-ebla i luim luaith who will reduce us to bare ashes, Sc.M² 3 . ? adadar (adagar v.l.) tene ind, Trip.² 605 . atasaigid hi tenid, Cymmr. xiv 114.13 .

(b) pushes, thrusts, places, puts: ataig in cendáil occo isin sudi faire he puts the head beside him, LU 9093 ( FB § 84 ). benais mír don staic . . . ┐ ataig . . . ina beol, MacCongl. 65.11 ( LB 217a28 ). atnaig in di oibill . . . isin tellach, adnaidh a formna re comlaidh in dorois, Aen. 2296 . roadnacht F. grainne n-oir fo slinnen [a maic], ZCP ii 134 § 4 (form influenced by ad-anaig). atnaig C. foí atherruch C. thrusts him under it again (of wrestling in water), LU 5232 (TBC) = TBC-I¹ 755 . ataig a bratt tairsiu a triur, IT ii2 210.65 . ce at agtha fo claideb `though they were put to the sword', Ériu ii 122 § 63 . atnaigh-sium a mher tharse plied his finger over it (of playing the harp), RC vi 183.15 . atagat láim tairsiu they ravage them LL 231b5 ( TTr. 1046 ). atagat . . . cath cróda they prosecute a valiant fight TFerbe 741 . atnaig a bendachtain for Jacob, LB 114a5 . a.¤ aithne (for) recognises: ad-n-aig Corpre Músc aithne conarb' é Mac Con 'Corpre Músc realized that it was not Mac Con', CMMucr. (CCA) 92 § 13 . atnaigh in ingen aichne fair, IT i 126.9 .

(c) inflicts, imposes on (FOR): ataigh Midir . . . tri plagha foraibh, BB 390a39 . ataig cummasc . . . forsna slúagu `he caused the slaughter of the hosts', TTr.² 1480 . atachtsat (.i. tucsat) doeire forra, Leb. Gab.(i) 116.16 . atnagar rátha ┐ nadmand tenna . . . for muintir C. fria comall, MacCongl. 23.3 . ataigtis ratha airib / secht n-airig ata inir, LL 2596 . cach nidnacul .i. adanaig fair in flaith, O'Curry 830 (H 3.18, 380b). attaig Moysi forro in dam orda . . . do merliugud M. obliges them to destroy (?) the golden calf, BB 241a47 = atnaig, LB 120a37 . YBL 291a27 .

(d) proffers, gives: tescaid . . . in clérech a lúdain de ┐ atnaig don filid, Fél. 70.9 . ataig in poíc di ar dig, LL 4598 = dorat ind póice dí ar dig, Ériu iv 102.2 . adnaig side grád don gilla, RC v 200 § 15 . atnagar biad doib, MR 10.12 . ataig cuit cach trir, LU 1816 . atnagar cennacht macraidi Ulad do Choin Chulaind, LU 10494 . atnaghar doib Cú na cles `C. is surrendered to them', Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 44.22 . adnaigh .i. tabairt nó tidlacad ut est atnaigh uait surrender it, O'Dav. 131 . Of giving a blow: ataig taithbéim dia claidiub dóib, LU 3264 ( SCC § 6 ). atnaig T. bulli do, LL 329a7 .

(e) carries, brings: ataig C. lais ina fúair d'ór, TFerbe 745 . atnaig corp a athar leiss, LU 2796 . atnagad leo cen fhis they take him with them, YBL 139a45 .

(f) raises, puts forth (cry, shout): atreset iarsin ┐ dobérat (atbelat, adeblad, addeablatt v.l. ) an óengáir eisib, RC xxi 382.12 and n. andar lat batar fir betha adaigdis breisim foé Ériu xii 178 § 7 . atnagat a ṅgol, TBFr. 273 . ataig a díchelta ass he gives forth his secrets, LU 4457 . atnaig a gloim n-archon for aird, LL 12897 .

(g) a.¤ mnaí takes a wife (cf. do-beir m.): atnaigh mnai an Dunchada `he married the wife of D.', TFrag. 56.9 .

(h) undertakes, sets about, begins (with oc and vn.): atnagait (leg. ata-agat, Stories from Táin) . . . oc imtrascrad they set to wrestling, LU 5230 (TBC). atagat (atberat v.l. Ériu iv 102.41 ) ca rád ra Níall / dul don tiprait . . ., LL 4604 . attaig Isac ac lamachtad a láimí, BB 236b18 . atnaig oc blassachtaig `he began smacking his lips', MacCongl. 47.12 . Note also: atnaig in druí . . . for imthecht, Metr. Dinds. iv 60.29 . adnaig for iarraidh A `he went in search of A', Aen. 2656 .

(i) goes, proceeds: atnaig Ethne fades, LU 4465 . adnaig remib co Mag nGlass he sets out at their head to Mag nGlass, Ériu v 236.64 . atnaig E. i cocud crúaid `E. departs to stern strife', Metr. Dinds. iv 68.129 . adnaigh 'san imruagadh `he betook himself to flight', Aen. 2846 . atnaig and lá n-óen i m-boith aroli meic lēgind he goes into the cell of a certain student, MacCongl. 53.21 . atnagat uile inna agaid fadeoig, RC v 199 § 8 . atnagat (do chuiriter v.l.) nói do chauradaib ina dochum dia marbad, Otia ii 86 § 4 . atnaigim isin cuchtair, MacCongl. 91.17 . ataigimm isin tech mor, z 0 . Impers. atnagar hi cend breithi do breith they proceed to judge, 21.13 .

ad-annai

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-annai or dil.ie/297
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: adannaí, asidannai, adannat, ad-andaither, adantar, adaind, adhannaitis, -adandad, -rohadanta, adandaba, adand, adnai, adrann, and, atrandsat, adrannad, hadnad, adannaid, adnaid, adannta, adannad, adnad, adaint

v ( ad-and-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 457 ). Indic. pres. 3 s. adannaí, Trip.² 451 . rel. asidannai, Trip.² 458 . 3 pl. adannat, Triads 86 . Pass. sg. ad-andaither (adainter, v.l.), BDD² 1408 . adantar , Anecd. iii 34.9 . Ipv. 2 s. adaind, Corm. Y 825 . Indic. impf. pass. pl. adhannaitis, Ériu ii 100 § 4 . Subj. impf. 3 s. -adandad, TTebe 582 . Pass. sg. -rohadanta, Anecd. iii 34.6 . Fut. 3 s. adandaba (atandafa v.l.), ZCP xiii 379.10 . pret. and perf. 3 s. adand, Gael. 50, 124 ( Blathm. 113 ). adnai, BB 414b27 . adrann, SR 7921 . ro and , LL 184a15 . 3 pl. atrandsat, Immrama 54 § 7 . Pass. sg. adrannad (adrandad v.l.), Fél. Apr. 5 . ro hadnad , Ériu xii 190 .y (TE2). Later also as simple vb. adannaid, adnaid.

Part. adannta.

Vn. adannad, adnad and later adaint. IGT Verbs §§ 45,46 .

(a) kindles, lights (usually trans.): im burach do thene . . . .i. cin in tenid (? -ed) adannai, Laws i 170.21 Comm. de aibritiud atarann in tene muindtir cluana mac Nois from the moment when the fire burned the monks of C.(?), Mon. Tall. 162.25 (§ 85) . conid on tene sin ro hadnad cach primtene i nHérinn, Dinds. 7 ( RC xv 297 ). adantar tene coisecra leo, Anecd. iii 34.9 . acloid adannuigh caindle, O'D. 2192 ( Nero A. vii fo. 134a ). bruth aeoir . . . no adannfad in domun, CCath. 1030 . amal diaid thúsi adantar i n-edpairt duit, PH 7109 . Nás aga do hadhnadh `he has burned Naas', Studies 1920, 418.16 . teine . . . ní hé Día adhnas í, Párl. na mB. 3296 . adhantor ┐ shoillsigther . . . ē (of a torch), Fl. Earls 34.z . causes to blush: créad lér hadhnadh a ghruaidh ghlan, TD 8.31 . gruadh adhanta nár hadhnadh `a glowing cheek that never was made to blush', 27.42 . illuminates, inspires: recht(t) crettme adannai amail ron(n)gab recht Adamnáin, Críth G. 524 . ra hadnad é . . . o fhis ┐ o fhaistine, TTebe 4144 . ? adainter fri cuimne senchad indraice, Laws iv 140. y .

(b) stirs up, incites: tri oible adannat seirc, Triads 86 . tumais rínd a roisc . . . índ ┐ adnai a serc ina cridiu, BB 414b27 . adantair serc . . . ind oclaich fá hucht din ingin, LL 221a12 . ( TTr. 284 ). fearg ro hadnad tretha de, Ériu xii 190. y (TE2). ro hadh[an]nadh bruth ┐ brígh i cridib na M., CCath. 1884 . rahadandait ferga . . . isna feraib, TTebe 4488 . ro and brónbríg in tan ro dall mōrríg Mide, Arch. Hib. ii 72 § 32 ( LL 184a15 ). gan éinní . . . do adhainfeadh mh' anthoil, Desid. 1099 . glár far hadhnadh oirbhire, DDána 90.16 . Aodh mag Uidhir adhnus goimh `kindler of grief', Gadelica 13 § 16 . osna charad . . . aoibhil adhanas anbhuain `spark enkindling restlessness', Ó Bruad. ii xvi 1 . . ná hadhain troid, Dánfhocail 176 . roghaimh Dé do hadhnadh as the great anger of God was kindled from it (of Pharaoh's destruction in the Red Sea), DDána 31.12 . laogh ar shlabhradh ghlas 'n-a ghlaic / ar hadhnadh as do b'orrdhraic i.e. what resulted from it was famous, 80.26 .

(c) sets going, begins (cf. ad-aig): baithes Pátraic prímdae / adrannad i n-hÉre , Fél. Apr. 5 . .i. ro tindscnad, Fél.² lxxi gl. 5 . ro hadhnadh a cluichi caintech `his funeral games were started', RC xxiv 184.16 . adrand (atrann, adhrann v.l.) a theora eigme ass, Fing. R. 562 ( LL 270b44 ). But see ? ad-ranna.

(d) Intrans. cia lin na retlann adrann how many stars shone? SR 7921 . in trath adnus in re, Celtica ii 75.171 . adhnaidh teach don toigh re a thaoibh, TD 1.46 . is andsan alt cétna adnus an tesga, O'Gr. Cat. 300.37 . ár is hí an aibhill assa nadhana breo (of a poet), O'D. 1217 (H 2. 15, p. 85a). adannaid ann . . . accobar na flatha nemdai, PH 5466 . ro aghain ┐ ro áirdéirigh cogadh, ALC i 2.15 . Perh. also: m'athair ba húa do Abrám / int Abram adrann o chein / nir bunad fann do Challdéib, SR 3303 . cain adrann cach tucht rothecht / intan ruc in primchinnecht (of Jacob), 2919 .

Cf. andaid.

ad-treba

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-treba or dil.ie/589
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: atreba, attreba, -atreba, -atrabhai, atrebat, atrebthar, -roaitreba, atrebom, ro-atrebam, atrefea, ad-id-trefea, -roatrebatt, -aittrebtha, adrothreb, rosaitrebsad, attrab, aittrebad, aittrebaid

v (*ad-treb-) Indic. pres. 3 s. atreba, Wb. 16a17 ; Sg. 33a6 . attreba, Ml. 51d28 . -atreba, Wb. 27d26 . ?rel. -atrabhai, Ériu ii 98 § 1 . 3 pl. atrebat, Sg. 198a23 . Pass. sg. atrebthar, Sg. 198a19 . Subj. pres. 3 s. -roaitreba, Wb. 6b3 . 1 pl. atrebom, LU 4400 . ro-atrebam , Trip.² 3121 . Fut. 3 s. atrefea, Wb. 30b18 ; Ml. 107a15 . atrebea, Ml. 35 b 24 , Ériu xxix 20 . With inf. pron. ad-id-trefea, ib. 3 pl. -roatrebatt, BColm. 78.9 . Condit. pass. sg. -aittrebtha, Trip.² 2267 . Perf. 3 s. adrothreb, Wb. 27a12 ; BB 316a30 . 3 pl. rosaitrebsad (= -t), RC xvii 29.32 . Vn. attrab, aittrebad. Cf. ad-aittreba. Later as simple verb aittrebaid.

(a) inhabits, dwells in (with prep. I N- or accus.): is oendia atreba indib, Wb. 16a17 . is hé loc inatreba, 27d26 . dús cia atrebea isin chathraig, Ml. 35b24 . sund romaltsa . . . ┐ atrebom sund let us abide here , LU 4400 . ro rádi P. nád aittrebtha in dún, Trip.² 2267 . ní aitreba a tīr so co brāth, Ériu iii 140 . 182 . múinter romín . . . attrebus in catraig sin, IT i 177.23 ( FA § 12 LB) = is iat attrebait in c., LU 2042 . ro-aittrebam isna hinata sin, PH 756 . in teglach inar aittrebais, 8198 . na cineda atrebait im sruth Ailp, CCath. 1542 .

(b) possesses (with accus.): amal attreba nech á orbe saindiles is samlid adrothreb dia maccu israhel, Ml. 51d28 . aní atreba leis (gl. in posesione), `that which he possesses', Sg. 33a1 . airindi atreba æsorcuin (gl. fiunt igitur possessiua uel a nominibus, ut Caesar Caesareus) `because he possesses destruction', 3 . airindi atreba leiss adrad martis (gl. Martius) `because he possesses the worship of Mars', a4 . sanctáir: arindí atreba rétu nóiba and (gl. sacrarium) `because it possesses holy things therein', 6 . innani atrebat gl. possessorum, 198a23 . doadbat són a cenél atreba a n-atrab atrebthar (atrebtar MS.) and (gl. genera etiam possessorum demonstratio ostendit) `that shows the gender which the possession that is possessed possesses', 24 . co n-atrab cach miad, RC xx 50.23 (ACC). na fes cissi dealb n-atrabhai nach rēt do neoch atcither isin bith `the shape that aught visible in the world possesses', Ériu ii 98 § 1 . trocaire De . . . ro-hisumm uli, ro-s-airillem, ro-s-aittrebam, PH 1446 .

aicnetae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aicnetae or dil.ie/810

 

Forms: aicenta, aicned

adj io, iā (aicned). Also aicenta. Some exx. included here may be attrib. g s. of aicned.

(a) natural (as oppd. to artificial, contrived): delb aicnete, Wb. 15b16 . nad rorthatar a rriuth na.¤ noreit(h)is dogres, Ml. 129d4 . in timthrecht naicnedti, 23a18 . inna folud naicneta, Sg. 188a13 . dechor ceníuil aicneti, 61a24 . donaib nephacnataib, Ml. 129d3 . in chonar aicenta . . . conar iarsa n-imthiget doine, ┐ conar saerda in chonar fugill, Cóic Con. 25.2 . fid aicenta fid na cailli ┐ fid saerda fid ind ogoim, Auraic. 855 . co na finib aicnedaib .i. a mic ┐ a nua, Laws iii 16.29, y Comm. don brig aicenta, Laws i 36.6 Comm. for ana[d] aiginta an tseoit, ii 18 z Comm. a foesum aicintu, 30.2 Comm. comorba aicinta natural heir (as opp. to an official successor), O'Curry 2318 ( Eg. 88 fo. 24 (25)c ). a aen Meic aicinta inn Athar neamda `only-begotten son', Ir. Lit. 2.9 . ina sosad aicenta `into its natural station', BColm. 54.30 . is . . . aigeanta imchubhaidh do'n ealadainsi, MR 94.13 . nach aitheóntaoi beitheadhach droigheachta seach beitheadhach aicenta, Atlantis iv 172.9 . d'fhaghbhail t-síraidheachta in bhréntuis t-suthain ┐ na pian n-aicinta, ITS xxix 128.21 . mairg thugas neamhshuim a dteangainn fhíoraiginnta a dhuthaoi féin, O'Gr. Cat. 219.24 . laithe aicenta the natural day (24 hours) (as oppd. to l. sáerda (12 hours) the working day): a lobad ar cach laithe naicinta, Laws ii 4.15 Comm. laithi aicenta ┐ da laithi soérda, Ériu xi 46.17 . do'n ogh-laithi aigeanta, MR 106.11 . fri re laithe aicenta, AFM iii 42.9 . fín aicneta, see s.v. 1 fín.

(b) spirited, courageous: ris in rigraid n-arnaid n-aiccendta n-allata, TTebe 706 . ceithri ceathramna certa / um ronn is rádh n-aigenta, IGT Decl. ex. 308 . See also compounds of 1 ard with adjj.

aidilccnigidir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aidilccnigidir or dil.ie/880

 

Forms: aidilccnidir, aidilccnid

v (aidilccne). Also aidilccnidir, aidilccnid. needs, wants (with ó of thing needed): an nad naidlicnigedar gl. nullo . . . indigens adiutore, Ml. 130a2 . absolútum verbum .i. nad adilgnigedar ho thuislib `which does not want cases', Thes. ii 227.33 ( PCr. 59a2 ). ni adilgnigmar gl. numquid egemus, Wb. 15a2 . aidlignigitir (aidlignitir, MS.) . . . uadisi `they need it', Sg. 4b10 . ata coicthi onaidilcnigthir ecna . . . na psalmb `there are five things which the knowledge of the psalms requires', Hib. Min. 8.246 . co ro-aidilgniged . . . Ísu o fortacht aingel amal no-aidilgniged duine indlobar, PH 4841 . ní aidilgnigend . . . in comthinol . . . o anmannaib dílsib `this assembly . . . does not need proper names', 6256 . ni adilcniget na nóim oní aile acht esteacht in cheoil, IT i 173.18 . ni aidilcniget ó nach airchisecht, Alex. 851 . aidilg .i. main dligid, ut est, ni hu bard aidhilgnithar, O'Curry 569 ( H 3.18, p. 284 ) = a.¤ .i. mian .i. dliged, ut est ni huib ard aidilgnithar, O'Curry 1970 (H. 4.22, 15). Note: is airi ni aidlicnigetar anmmae `they need not a noun', Sg. 200a2 (gen. here no doubt due to the Lat. adiunctione nominis non egent). With accus.: do cach richt imabeir ┐ no aidilngniter, Laws v 490.15 = no da-n-ailcnige, 488.16 Comm. failte . . . do gach aon aidhilgnius (adilcnes, adailgnes v.ll.) samugud sund who wishes to settle here , Anecd. ii 53.12 . seciped ord aidilgnides, Laws iii 42.13 Comm. glossing iar naidilgne uird.

aigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aigid or dil.ie/933
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: -ebla-, ro-da-acht, acta, egar, ægtair, eigid, áin, aige, aiged

v ( Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 451 ). Fut. stem -ebla-, see GOI p. 403 . t-pret. ro-da-acht, LL 201a37 . (See ZCP xxviii 11 ). Pass. pl. acta, ZCP iii 46.2 . The follg. forms may be influenced by saigid: indic. pres. pass. sg. egar, Laws ii 128.1 Comm. pl. ægtair, LL 11455 . ?3 pl. act. ni eigid (for -agat, Thurn. but context seems to require 3 s.), ZCP xiii 264.4 and note. Conjunct forms in this vb. could also belong to ad-aig which has no prototonic formations. See also Language xvi 209 .

Vn. áin, aige, aiged.

(a) drives, impels: ēiti agathar (agatair, LU) . . . cichi aig, TBC-I¹ 1081 . scéo damaib ágat scéo mnaib berat, LU 5468 = agad, TBC-I¹ 992 . mná bertair bae ægtair, TBC-LL¹ 4722 . is cú airgdech aiges / is carptech glan geibes, 3328 . cid dás in ríg nad aig eochu as a tír, SG 411.6 . dia n-acht na hercca Iuchba, ZCP iii 41.24 . athgabail egar tar crich, airm in agar . . ., Laws ii 128.1 Comm. aig brot for in n-echraid ┐ sneid slaitt forru ply a goad, LL 12742 . acta fri alla argait `they were driven against . . .', ZCP iii 46.2 . a mu Buach / aiges in tond frisin mbruach, Anecd. i 12.19 . aigthi (atchi v.l) in cath for feraib Muman he gains a battle over the M., RC xxiv 184.9 . cuirther cath / bha chossaib aráile / ebhlatt ar réim, TBC-LL¹ 5747 = eblait a réim, 5842 . cia doneidis cronan coir / ni eigid doib a fiachu it does not drive in their debts to them (of old men), ZCP xiii 264.4 (see above under forms). uig in gabair n-uidir `drive the dun horse', RC ix 466.21 (but see uic) ? With cogn. acc. ilmuine ana aiges, Laws ii 72.8 .

(b) celebrates (games, rites etc.): is ē eblas in aige `it is he who shall celebrate the celebration', Ériu xvi 147.3 . cluche . . . aigdit fri fín n-imborbag, Imr. Brain § 41 . agar Tailltin gin cairpi (imthiagor . . . chairpte, v.l.) let T. be held, ZCP xiii 278.22. is céte óenaig agair, Metr. Dinds. iii 270.9 . agait grafaind they hold a horse-race, Anecd. i 54.28 . agtair cluicheda ┐ ferthair graifni ind oenaig, LL 274a12 . agat clesamnaig perform, LU 3242 ( SCC § 3 ); cf. aghaid .i. áonaighid no bíd go subhach, O'Cl. Of funeral rites: rocuindig . . . airm i n-adnaicfidea co n-agtais a hāenach, Dinds. 18 ( RC xv 311 ). cladar a ḟert ┐ sāitir a liaa . . . ┐ aghair a gubae, TBC-I¹ 1231 . roacht a guba ┐ a nasadh la Lug, BB 403a35 . līnfaid caumu (= cuma grief ?) chridi a rigna, tuidicfaid eblaid a samgubae, TBC-I¹ 3450 . ro hagad a ceapog ┐ a cluíchi caenteach ┐ ro-saigidh a lía, BB 259a38 .

(c) raises (a cry etc.): ar écnairc ind rígsa / frisnagar an núallsa, Fél. Ep. 406 . ard a nuall / aiges im Choire da Ruad, Anecd. i 12.25 . ro acht in cloch a torand oc teacht suas, YBL 121b24 .

(d) prosecutes, performs; sets going: roacht marbad in L. `L.'s murder was brought about', ZCP iii 2 § 1 . na da err eblait ēcht ar ēcht who will perform exploit on exploit, Sc.M² § 15 . Cú na cerda boí hi cacht chró / ed rosnacht oc sár-gubo `this it was that set them wailing', Metr. Dinds. iv 220.6 . d'aigh . . . aca nincrechad began to rebuke them, SG 30.15 . ba hóglaochrad . . . achtatar an chomairli sin .i. aisic a chreiche . . . do M. who urged that advice, Anecd. ii 73.1 . cachain in druí détla / cétla imda oraib / sund in cach amm agair `as it is told here at all times', Metr. Dinds. iv 214.51 . pleads (at law): æ aiges, æ mides `ae that sues', Auraic. 408 . Note also: aigh .i. iaraigh, Stowe Gl. 217 . aid .i. iarraid, Lec. Gl. 416 .

(e) a.¤ imm gathers around, surrounds: agait mór a maccáin / imm Ultan . . ., Fél. Sept. 4 . cenmotha dano in gilla urdairc imma n-agat fir Herend .i. Cuchullain, Ériu iv 28 § 20 . coica sémech immi agtait, LL 4980 .

(f) spends time: d'aig innti an aidchi sin, SG 30.33 .

(g) In phrase aig taig see 1 taig.

ainces

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ainces or dil.ie/1190
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: ainces, aingcess, ainces, Aṅgciss, aingcessa, ainchesa, aincesa, angcessa, aincis, aṅceiss, ingcis, aingcis, aiṅgciss, ainciss, aṅceiss, aingcisi, angcisi, aṅgcissi, ainchios, ainches, ánchesa, anchesuib, nAṅgciss

n Form and inflection variable. (i) n s. ainces, Ériu v 94.24 . aingcess, LU 8215 . a s. ainces, Trip.² 172 . g s. Aṅgciss (n.pr.) (: riss), LL 3281 , (: geiss, 3353 ). n p. aingcessa, LU 10831 = ainchesa, Ériu xii 178 § 9 (TE2.) (see below). a p. aincesa, Laws v 352.20 . angcessa, Ériu i 218 § 3 . (ii) n s. aincis, LU 6144 ( TBC-I¹ 1657 ). aṅceiss, RC xiii 446 § 27 . ingcis, Ériu iv 54 § 25 . an aingcis , TSh. 3303 . a s. aiṅgciss, TBC-I¹ 263 ( aingcess, LU 4754 ). ainciss, Metr. Dinds. iv 242.30 . aṅceiss, ZCP xi 83 § 28 . g s. aingcisi, BNnÉ 128.27 . angcisi, 126.33 . n p. aṅgcissi, LL 3366 . (iii) ainches (perh. separate word, cf. ceis f. = ceist, Contribb. p. xxvi s.v. cesach) a s. ainchios, A IV 1, 98.10 . d s. ainches, Ériu xii 186 § 18 (TE2). n p. ánchesa, 178 § 6 (ib.). d p. anchesuib, Laws ii 66.15 .

(a) pain, ailment, complaint: ní no ícad a ances (: les), LU 4292 . a nol meda dí dobreth / nī bo ances cech thucai `'twas no hurt whoever gave it', Thes. ii 347.4 (Hy. v) .i. ni bu domain, 348.26 . cethri . . . cen tedmann cen aṅceiss (aṅces foraib, v.l.), ZCP xi 83 § 28 . forithin gach angcisi etar dáoinibh ┐ cethraibh, BNnÉ 126.33 . ós siabhradh meallta meise / gan súil éirghe ón aincis-se, Dánta Gr. 47.58 . tréde neimthigedar liaig: dígallræ, díainme, comchissi cen ainchiss (ainces, v.l.) `a painless examination', Triads 119 (? or under (c) infra, certain diagnosis). Frequ. in association with galar: ro ícc cech ngalar ┐ cech n-a.¤ , Trip.² 172 . is ed fotera galar ┐ angcessa forsna clanna, Ériu i 218 § 3 . gallra ┐ aincesa, Laws v 352.20 . Note also: [fer] . . . don fainicc galar nainches, an unknown disease(?), RC iii 344.20 ( n-ainchis, Aisl. Óeng. 47 § 4 ); ?leg. galar ┐ ainces (but cf. (c) infra). saíba ┐ mortlada, ┐ gallra, ancessa for tuatha, ZCP xi 89 § 18 . Cf. galar .i. gnáthach ┐ aincis .i. ingnathach, O'Dav. 1049 . a sore: gerr ┐ loisg an aingcis 'cut and burn the sore' Celtica ii 34 § 8 .

(b) difficulty, trouble, vexation, annoyance: bid aingcess la Ultu in dal so do gleód it will be impossible, LU 8215 ( FB 16 ). ba aincis mór lei an ro bíth leis día slógaib she was greatly disturbed, 6144 (TBC). ba aingcess laiss in dál dodfánic he was perplexed about the matter, 8774 ( FB 58 ). is torcda . . . no taí frim mor decrai ┐ mór aingcessa do thabairt form, 10831 = mórdhecrai ┐ mórainchesa `to lay such hardship and infliction upon me', Ériu xii 178 § 9 (TE2.). iarsain imsaitis for deis / cen sil n-úabair na haincceiss, SR 1126 . noco tucad cucci ríam aṅceiss bud doilgiu leo `a more grievous annoyance', RC xiii 446 § 27 . cach aincis tar a racha a furtacht . . . dó, Acall. 6778 . agh ┐ accais ┐ aingces, LL 404b24 . ní ruirmiu . . . a tainic de ancessaib Eireann, AFM ii 600.17 . aingcis .i. mallachd, O'Cl. Fig. Of persons etc.: o 'tcuala . . . in n-ainceis sin (i.e. Antaeus) icc indredh na hAffraicci, CCath. 2920 . na hamaiti ┐ na haincisi atá ac milliud in tiri, Acall. 6767 . Of weather: bile Tortan trom a ḟúaim / fri hainciss síne rorúaid, Metr. Dinds. iv 242.30 . ro ferastur tromsneachta mor ┐ aincis ḟuardachta ar in cóiced, Acall. 3508 .

(c) doubt, difficulty, perplexity (frequ. ainches in this meaning): cid dogenaidh . . . don ainches doforfainicc `what will you do because of the doubt that has come upon you?' Ériu xii 186 § 18 (TE2.). do ceist ┐ do ances for Senchān in scēl sin S. was perplexed and uncertain about that story (the Táin), ACL iii 4.18 . fer dana . . . do ná bi ces na a.¤ i gcetheoruibh rannuibh fis filidhechta, Ériu xiii 18.10 ; cf. O'Dav. 409 : ces .i. gnáthach, a.¤ .i. ingnáthach [ut est] dí na bí ces na a.¤ i cetheoraib randaib fesa na filidechta (so in etymol. gloss on éces: .i. dona bi ces na ha.¤ do fhastodh fair, Laws iv 358.1 Comm. ēces .i. ēcmachtces .i. ēcmacht a ches d[o] airiuc i cetheora rannaib fis filidechta, Corm. Y 538 ). innis sgéala gan aincheas / nách beam i n-ainbhfeas umad, TD 38.1 . In phrases: atá i n-a.¤ x is in doubt about x: gibé rabh . . . / i n-aincheas bhar n-urfhoghaill `in doubt of thy speech' (i.e. of its meaning), Studies 1921, 74 § 7 . an chúis do cuireadh 'n-a leith . . . do bhí i n-aincheas a hinnill, DDána 63.14 . atá x ina a.¤ for y y does not know about x: sin do bheith 'na aincheas ort that you should not know that, Desid. 259 . ní feas ní 'n-a aincheas orra / d'ailcheas rolla ríghleabhar, DDána 122.16 . bíodh nach raibh orra aincheas `though they were not ignorant', Content. xv 39 . na seinleabhair do léughadh (ni nach bfuil 'na aincheas ar eolchaibh), RC iv 355.12 . fios ionaid an eiseirge / do bí orra 'na ainffios (aincheas, ainchios v.ll.), BNnÉ 198 § 30 .

(d) Legal difficult case or decision: cidh i fis, cid i nanfis, cidh i na.¤ [ro loisced], O'Curry 1168 ( H 3.18, 464a ). Here the `ainces' refers to an act which is not justified but is almost a necessary consequence or condition of one which is justified i.e., a man entitled to slay another has to burn his house to effect it but this he was not entitled to do, Plummer MS notes. lan-fiach . . . a fis, leth fiach i n-anfis ┐ cethraime a n-ances, Laws v 162.2 Comm. cach ninndligidh athgabala acht nimid ime (leg. mini dime) dethbere do ainfis no aincheas, ii 48.12 .i. nocha caoemnucuir gan na neche sin do dénum co inndligthuch, 50.3 Comm. leath fiach cach ainfis . . . ceathruma cach a.¤ , 52.26 . muna fuilet seoit acu [is] ances athgabhala do riagail riu, i 108.10 Comm. nocha racha in athgabail i llobadh dia rabat na deithbir(s)e so air .i. anfis, no ances, no econnus, no etged, 102.22 Comm. di anchesuibh athgabala, ii 66.15 . ma forae neach cinuid [i] nainceas no etghe, iii 66.15 . in t-aidni frisnindli breth .i. noco n-uil acht glanadh ┐ cinnedh luig (= luic, O'Curry 323 from H 3.18, 178a ) ┐ aincesa atarru ┐ in t-ollam, v 100.23 Comm. is tré erchóiliud foillsighter aincesa in betha it is though legal prouncements that the difficulties of the world are made clear, O'Dav. 812 . breth im ancesa tuath, O'D. 1573 (H. 5.15, 5b). lia do fír . . . [f]ri aiṅcessa (ancesa, anchesa v.ll.) mara .i. frisinni is anfis do neoch, forna-fagabthar breth acht fir ṅDe in cases of great perplexity, Cóic Con. 16 § 3 (see p. 64). ainceas a nendac echtrand itir manchu cille, O'Curry 986 ( H 3.18, 424a ). ? is hé . . . ba rí for Mume intan dobreth arances mbrethe alLeith Cuind co Mumain, Fianaig. 30.24 . a.¤ quasi anceps .i. aincid a fis ort, Corm. Y 89 . anches . . . .i. cuntabairt, O'Mulc. 45 .

As n.pr. Ibar macc nAṅgciss , LL 3281 .

ainim(m)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ainim(m) or dil.ie/1402
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: anaim(m), ainim, anim, animm, anaim, anim, anmain, anmuin, anme, anmae, animm, anim, anmin, anmain, anmin, anmana, anman, anmanaib, anam, anmain, anman, anmain, hanman, anman, anaim, anum, anuim

n f. Also anaim(m). See GOI 214 . In O. Ir. decl. fluctuates in sg. but is always that of an n-stem in pl. n s. ind ainim , Wb. 3d11 . Ml. 130c9 . anim, Wb. 16a21 . animm, 31b26 . anaim, Ml. 116b9 . a s. anim, Wb. 4a27 . anmain, 30a2 . anmuin, 31b12 . g s. inna anme , Wb. 25c26 . anmae, Fél. Ep. 117 . d s. animm, Wb. 4a27 . anim, 30c3 . anmin, 2c7 . anmain, Fél. Jan. 24 . n p. anmin, Wb. 8b3 . a p. anmana, Wb. 2b5 . g p. anman, Wb. 24d14 . d p. anmanaib, Wb. 24d13 .

Later also anam f. ( d s. and n p. anmain. g s. anman), IGT Decl. § 8 . m. and f. ( d s. and n p. anmain. g s. na hanman , an anman ), § 19.m. (g s. and n p. anaim), § 11 . anum m. (g s. and n p. anuim), § 17 .

(a) soul (as oppd. to corp body): issí ind ainim as airlam do chomalnad recto dé ní in corpp, Wb. 3d11 . corrop nóib for nanim in hómun dǽ, 16a21 . menme, corp, animm, imbráti, gnímæ, 31b26 . eterscértar a coirp et a n-anmin friu, 8b3 . beo a ainm i fos beo a anuaim (.i. a anim) thall `living his name here living his soul there', ACC 99 ( RC xx 274 ). treide na hanma .i. iracibilis ┐ concucibilis ┐ rationabilis , O'Curry 2226 ( Eg. 88 fo. 16(17)c ). in cuingid . . . do gní in ainim ic iarraidh gach raeta `enquiry which the mind makes', Laws i 36.8 Comm. ar tuaslucud anmæ brandaib `to obtain the release of the soul of Brandub', Mon. Tall. 133.29 (§ 18) . forith . . . ind soscele . . . inda hanmanna frisa tocbar `the gospel helps the souls of those towards whom it is lifted up', 162.9 (§ 85) . ainimme na noem gl. corda electorum, LB 67b38 . astoidet anmann inna noeb, Ériu ii 142 § 155 . mairg anmain nā faichledar / breisim lāi brātha brīgaig, iii 30 § 13 . bātar tra demain ┐ aingil ic imchosnum 'mon anum ō dos-carsat frisin corp hē, ACL iii 226.9 . comhrac éinfhir ní háil dí / 's an t-anam gan fhear páirte, Dán Dé xxii 27 . blodh do phéin an anaim, IGT Decl. ex. 720 . mo mhaitheas uile acht mh'ainim / a roinn is edh ordoighim, ex. 902 . gan deghain do ghrádh a ccorp nó a ccaomh-anmann, AFM vi 2172.24 . ar anmain for the sake of the soul of: dia thidnacul ar m'anmain do náemaib (of valuables), LU 9631 . duini is mo dobered d'etach ┐ d'innmus ar a anmain a nErind, RC xvii 407.22 (Tig.). udbuirt ar anmuin, Laws v 212.2 . tir atoiberar (sic leg.) do eclais ar anmuin, 314.17 . In phrase spirut anma see spirut II (a).

(b) life: i céin robói a anim and while he was alive, RC iii 181.34 . slán acht ní eple ainim de, Laws iii 448.y Comm. is é rocosain m'anam (sic MS.) dam `saved my life', ZCP vi 67.17 . roiar Sisian a anum don fomoir `asked him to spare the giant's life', 294.12 . robdar buidhigh do rochtain a n-anmann leó, AFM vi 1926.18 . an rígh do bheir párdún a anma dón bhraighe bhíos damanta, Eochairsg. 78.1 . tabhair ainim im eachaib give life to my horses, SG 26.34 . do cuireadh anum isin pobal (= populum animatum reddebam), ITS xix 28.24 . réod ar ndol a anma as `the frost has yielded its strength', KMMisc. 172 § 24 . nír chaith . . . ní ina raibhe spiorat no anam (i.e. he was a vegetarian), BNnÉ 74 § 133 . co n-anmain having life, alive: sétrad ngarit . . . ní fuil co n-anmain nach molta / romtha a rath there is nobody with a soul who would not be praised (by it), Thurn., Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. 74 § 3 . M. . . . / macc a āisse as ḟerr co n-anmain, Bruchst. i 14 § 24 . atraig cach oen co anmain, SR 8250 . ge bé creidis co n-anmaín firmly(?), BB 36a7 . In phr. fo-ácaib cen anmain: goras-fhāgaibh gan anmain hé 'killed him', BDC 262.651 . foceird-sim ... urcur di sleigh fuirri ... corus farcaib cen anmain, RC v 200y . ro ghabsat leit do na ruamaib bátar ina lámaib ina chenn co fargsat cen anmain é, SG i 396.17 . In greeting or benediction: maith, a m'anum, a Chormaic, Acall. 3285 . See also Celtica iii 268 - 9 . tabair, a m'anam, a gilla, in ingin ut, 3330 . maith ám a m'anim, a Chathbad, LL 171a50 . m'anam-sa an bhuidhean nár fríth i gcruadhtan fann, Hackett v 1 . In formula used by vanquished in appealing for quarter: anmain i nanmain .i. anacal `life for life', Ériu xvi 38.1 and p. 41 note 6 . anmain i n-anmain a Chu Chulaind or se, LU 9123 ( FB 87 ). anmain a n-anmain, RC xi 450.123 . In association with enech, see 1 enech, ainech II (a). In sense of living creature, animal: is si a fochreicc anam cach dine no cach mil immidrēt cachala blīa[dain] an animal for every herd (price paid for use of path to drive stock through somebody else's land), Corm. Y 1082 .

In compds. anm-, see separate articles.

1 airches

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 airches or dil.ie/1704

 

Forms: aircheist, airchess, airceist, airrcis, airrcheisd, airchisse, airrceis, airrc[h]eist, aircéssa, arrchesaib

n f. Also aircheist. n s. airchess, Metr. Dinds. iv 122.25 . airceist, ML 162.8 . a s. airrcis, Dinds. 93 . airrcheisd, ALC i 384.y . g s. airchisse, ZCP viii 310.38 . d s. airrceis, LU 1354 . airrc[h]eist, Ériu xi 48.29 . a p. aircéssa, Alex. 863 . d p. arrchesaib, H 3.18 541a10 . For unlenited c in Mod. Ir. see Duan. F. Gloss . (aircisid). See also Vendr. Lex., Lochlann ii 209 and Ériu xix 111 .

(a) act of trapping; trap, snare: arc[h]es .i. ab arceo .i. ōn c[h]umgach .i. īarsinnī doimairg innī tēit ind (innte v.l.), Corm. Y 15 . caite deochuir itir seilg fiadach ┐ airnelaib ┐ airrchesaib . . . sealg .i. for aighib, fiadach for milaip muighib, ┐ airrchesaib for mucaib allta ┐ arnelai for enaib, H 3.18, 541a10 ( Auraic. 113 ). is e cétna ro indlestar airrcis ┐ cuithig ar tús i nErind, Dinds. 93 ( RC xvi 44.7 ). do a.¤ AR to entrap, ambush: doluid side do hairchis ar fiadrad, ZCP viii 310.39 . doluidh C. . . . d'airrc[h]eist ar Lomma gur marbsat hé C. went to ambush L., Ériu xi 48.29 . ba himhecal leis D. . . . do airrceiss for a chind that D. would lay a trap for him, RC xx 52.24 .

(b) encounter, meeting: dá ndiultadh m'oirchis-se, DDána 11.30 . T. do ghabhail go holc leis na Saxanachaib tareis arrcisse do chur air ┐ a thiachtain 'n-a ceann leis an arrcis sin safe conduct, appointment for a meeting(?), AU iii 602.20 . do-beir a.¤ AR encounters, engages: adcuas do mac F. . . . innsin go ttucc airrchis orra (= tuc airrcheisd, ALC i 384.y . arrchest, Ann. Conn. 1249.5 ) `marched to meet them', AFM iii 332.16 . tuc Muiredach . . . aircis ar tossach na tren-sluag, Celt. Rev. iv 212.5 . ag tabairt aircissi ar anam a fir posda fen meeting her husband's soul, BCC 228.11 . minic dorad ingean óg / airchis ar neach a n-allód `put her spells', Miscell. Celt. Soc. 410.24 . téit (or other vb. of motion) i n-a.¤ X goes to meet x; pursues x: do luid . . . a Tracia i nairchis a muintiri, Laws i 22.1 Comm. tainicc ina n-airrcis . . . dochum an puirt, BNnÉ 70 § 118 . eirgitt uile 'na n-airrceis they rise and go to meet them, 269 § 240. do chúaid ind airrcis A., ITS xvi 60.29 . rith sé ina airicis, GJ vii 108a5 . adubairt ris mo long do tabairt i m'aircis go cúan Cuili `to meet me', Celt. Rev. iv 10.23 . ro chingseat . . . hi ccoinne ┐ hi ccert airrcis an tslua[i]gh, AFM iv 1214.13 . do cuaidh in airchis na ccreach go ttarla na ccenn é `in pursuit of', AFM iii 452.21 . tángatar tromsluagh Tuadmuman gu tindesnach na taobairrchist `in vehement pursuit' Caithr. Thoirdh. 90.9 .

(c) Gramm. in phr. innscne airchisi i.e. a conjugated prep. differing in gender from the noun to which it refers when separated from it by other words: ata conchlann gan úidh air / fá comthrom lúidh is lámhuigh, lochdach munab cóir d'innscni airchisi (the difficulty is apparently that `air' refers to `conchlann' which is fem.), IGT Decl. ex. 530 . fúair coma nach creite a méd / ní ḟéd dola seici súd, lochtach acht munab cóir d'innscne airchisi (here f. seici refers to m. coma), ex. 234 .

3 aire

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 aire or dil.ie/1885

 

Forms: Lóigaire, airib, a.

n k, m. (orig. io, Pokorny, Celtica iii 308 , citing the n.pr. Lóigaire and d p. airib, AU i 394.10 ). In pl. indistinguishable from 1 airech, to which some exx. included here could belong. See Thurn., ZCP xx 353ff. and LEIA `In Laws . . . used to describe every freeman, `commoner' as well as noble, who possesses an independent legal status . . . Occasionally, however, aire is used in the more restricted sense of `noble' (as oppd. to `commoner'), which is its usual meaning in the literature', Críth G. p. 69 . On the various classes of a.¤ see ib. ff. and under 1 ard, , coisring, déis, écht, forgell, ócaire, tús. See also Laws Crit. p. 7 . Bürgschaft p. 53f. Cóic Con. pp. 32, 66 . MacNeill, Law of status xxxvi, C 16 pp. 267-70 . On the `eneclanna' of the various a.¤ 's see O'Curry 1262-5 ( H 3.18, 510 -2). a.¤ ainm coitc[h]end cech grāda flatha i tūaith, Corm. Y 1124 . O'Cl. a.¤ graidh fhlatha . . . a.¤ graidh feine, Laws iv 68.17 Comm. mad ingen in airech feibi tes co mac in bo-airech . . . aen trian o ingin in airech feibi, v 286.4 . ata[t] aroile airic i tuait na dledat acht letbiatad do aes a coemtechta, BCrólige 28 . cateat grád túaithe? fer midboth, bóaire, a.¤ désa, a.¤ ard, a.¤ túise, a.¤ forgill ┐ rí, Críth G. 11 . coiri . . . thige airech, 338 . secht seoit airech . . . caire, dabach, easgar, iarn, arathar, echsrian, no delg, O'Curry 1202 ( H 3.18, 479b ). flaith athuigh .i. ni flaith a athair na a senathair . . . .i. a.¤ itir da a.¤ , Laws ii 200.22 Comm. ben cach airech itir da airig, 380.8 Comm. briuga ┐ a.¤ desa, LL 3734 . saír ┐ a.¤ échta, 3738 . do airig aird, LL 3731 .

In more general sense noble, chief: a.¤ no sainṡamail gl. optimas, Sg. 50a27 (cf. airech no thoisecha.¤ gl. primas, 26 ). a.¤ díbergae, LU 7720 = airig díbergi, BDD² 1252 . cateat airig cecha aissi ┐ cadeat a saegla na n-airech sin, Rawl. 69a17 . na ríga ┐ na flatha ┐ na hairig, Trip.² 438 . airich na haesi tanaisi, LU 135 . cethrur airech tanic Partholon .i. sé féin ┐ Laíglinne . . ., LL 480 . ba hé a n-ord na n-airech, 777 . fert na n-airech di Grécaib, Metr. Dinds. iii 106.51 . roba ha.¤ (airech, airiuch v.l.) isin crích sin, Mer. Uil. 92 . ic airechaib na Eórpa, LL 234b18 ( TTr. 1305 ). soicheneol na n-oireach, MR 96.6 . dumha gach ae dia ro baidheadh d'aireachaibh a muintire, Leb. Gab.(i) 258.21 . adhbhar éccaoíne d'oireachaibh, AFM v 1682.21 . Fig. of trees and shrubs classified as airig feda (and athaig (aithig) feda), see fid (c). Of major virtues and vices: cen airich duálche gl. sine querella, Wb. 25c27 . nech concheil airig (sic leg.) ndualcha fora cheili, Ériu vii 158 § 21 . na hocht nairig sūalach . . . fri hīcc . . . na n-ocht n-airech ndūalchae, ZCP iii 24.31 . ocht n-airic[h] go ngolaige, vi 271 § 1 . d'ocht n-airc[h]ib na nduálach, BColm. 12.14 . Of the prow of a ship: adnaghaid a[c] tarraing oirech a luingi don charraic `prow', Aen. 1011 .

1 airecht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 airecht or dil.ie/1904
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: oireacht

n u m. Later also f. Peritia v 91-92 . oireacht m. IGT Decl. § 24 .

(a) name given to the public assembly of freemen and later of the more important families in the territory whose functions included the transaction of certain important legal business; hence court ; see Críth G. p. 73 . On use in titles of Law-tracts see Jn. Celt. Stud. ii 188-92 . Sometimes used with dáil (distinction not clear). In more general sense gathering, assembly: airect gl. curia, Thes. ii 42.5 . cis lir cenēla airechta dochusin la Fēne? . . . a cōic: taeba.¤, a.¤ uirdnidhe ┐ a.¤ fo leth et a.¤ fodesin how many kinds of a. are there? ZCP xii 359.13 ( Cóic Con. p. 62 ) (see also cúl, taeba. ¤, oirdnide, leth, fadéin II (g)). ni tualaing rodgaba athgabail . . . manis comtheit suithengthad fó searnad airechta conid fri rosc ruirther who would arrange the procedure of the a., Laws i 84.10 .i. fer gaeth . . . srethaig dligedh in a.¤ , 20 Comm. (see fo-sern). is dithre o lesaibh airechta is excluded from redress in the a., 12 . ecuma airechta i.e. persons unqualified to plead before an a.¤ (?), 27 . co roisc a.¤ do timurcain till an a. has been collected together, 202.11 Comm. tacra la fear nad airbir a leass a n-a.¤ , v 252.11 . is do anfuiglib airechta wrong judgements of an a., 442.27 . is go airechta a n-astad a false finding of the a.(?), 510.2 . is sed is roairde ngotha and ma[d] mo na lucht na airechta do cluin he (of methods of pleading), Cóic Con. 34 § 36 . inurcra a feib . . . .i. in urcra do dul ina airmitin airechta i.e. his qualifications for the a.¤, O'D. 519 ( H 3.17, c. 422 ). nach dál ┐ nach oirecht conrisar la túathu ┐ rígu, Ériu ii 210 § 33 . a ndail no a n-airacht, Cóic Con. 18 § 10 , 49 § 92 , O'Curry 1206 ( H 3.18, 482a ). bethi fo seilib . . . hi cach airiucht i mbed, Trip.² 1590 . naim airthir in domain ina n-airiucht fo leith, LU 1970 ( FA § 4 ). doscuiched dochum na hairechta . . . ni roairig duine isindairiucht (of a horseman approaching a concourse on a hill), RC viii 50.15 . [l]e toidheachd uī Chuinn chugoibh / ō [a] oireacht, O'R. Poems 2570 . doching side for lar na hairechto, IT iii 239.128 . ro marbhadh somh . . . ar lár an aireachta, AFM iii 48.13 . cen dul ḟer i n-a.¤ ṁban, Metr. Dinds. iii 18.225 . Iuil . . . ro marbad ina h-airect h-fein i.e. the Roman Senate, Todd Nenn. 62.1 . mor-a.¤ na n-uli Iúdaide the Sanhedrin, PH 3711 . Name applied to the collective `ollavs' and pleaders of a territory: gurab ar ollamuin ┐ aighni na crichi tug dliged d'ainm forro airacht eolach no aineolach, O'Curry 2270 ( Eg. 88 fo. 20(21)b ). aighne airechta, name of a special kind of advocate: aighni airechta . . . . fer son ro huca a les do a.¤ ┐ dodnacair indi. Indfiadar do in les. Tanacair iarum on trath co raile . . . aignis lais uile ┐ nascairecht ┐ berrad ┐ comaidhches ┐ cain lanomhnai ┐ maccslechtai ┐ deich seotu uad do fer belrai lais ndeni ┐ a recht ┐ trian cach besa do cadesin ma tobach, O'Curry 813 (H. 3.18, 375a).

(b) Collective name for the leading nobles of a territory: a.¤ na aicme na ard-cinedh d'feraib Ereann, MR 248.26 . Mac D. . . . ┐ gach aon oile dá oireachtaibh `vassal chiefs', Maguires of F. § 10 . a urradha ┐ a ardtóisig . . . ┐ a oireacht, Hugh Roe 12.19 (fo. 3b) . d'éag a huaisle 's a hoireacht, Measgra D. 55.61 . nó go mbeadh oireacht mar ibh / ag toigheacht go teach taoisigh, DDána 71.22 . as iad fa ceud oireacht do ag gabháil righe Condacht, Hy Fiach. 52.14 . atá d'a eagla ara oireachtaib he is so feared by his subjects, Hy Maine 141.1 . mac duine oireachta `son of a chieftain', AFM v 1582.y . oireacht Chonaill mic Aodha `the party of', Keat. iii 1427 . With extended meanings: Oireacht Mhaoise the children of Israel, DDána 74.21 . an t-oireacht brónach (of the damned), IGT Decl. ex. 1170 . oirecht na haithrighe (penitents), ZCP viii 216.5 . do b'é in toirecht gan imsním (of the sons of Morna), SG 138.39 . Of military divisions or levies: ro erig cach saer-slúag . . . .i. cach a.¤ 'ar n-iadud fa'n aird-rig, MR 214.13 . sluag Emna, a.¤ Uladh, 212.10 . tucsat a clár clé fri a.¤ ar ammus ind átha (here the a.¤ consisted of Cú Ch. and Laeg representing Ulster), TBC-LL¹ 1872 . cuir uait t'armu . . . co raccillem in n-a.¤ `till we parley with the host' (of champions in single combat), Metr. Dinds. iv 360.140 . ac forind dona fearaib . . . ac airiucht aile dib, TTebe 1400 . ón oirecht Fhailghech `the host of Offaly', Studies 1920, 417.21 .

(c) patrimony, territory: taisigh [do] nach biad oirreachta no fearann taisigheachta, O'Curry 287 ( H 3.18, 158 ). ni gebhaitt da éis go cert / righe ar iath na ar oireacht (a curse on a family), BNnÉ 285 § 272 . maithi inn arechta `the chief men of the lordship', Ann. Conn. 1225.18 .

airéirge

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airéirge or dil.ie/1922

 

vn. of ar-éirig. act of rising: maten moch iar n-uréirgiu, Ériu iv 150.16 . bui Cormac . . .oc uréirghi, RC xxv 28.1 . airérge ndorchai getting up in the dark, Rawl. B. 512, 37b (cited from Contribb.). Of rising up in token of homage: cia measom do cain tsaorraith? — manchuine ┐ ureirge, ZCP xv 240 § 2 = Laws ii 194.2 (according to the gloss here a client was bound to rise three times before his lord in token of fealty). dligid gach flaith urerge .i. taoibi no gluine .i. é 'na suide .i. trí seoit isin cétna nem-urerge for failing to rise the first time, O'D. 514 ( H 3.17, 417 -8). craumfes . . . .i. in cet aurerge .i. mad ro mheatha forsan ceile, O'Curry 876 ( H 3.18, p. 393a ). riar aurerge .i. fireirghe reme fa tri san enlo, O'D. 1010 (H. 2.15, p. 16). trí hurergi (in a list of dues), 511 ( H 3.17, c. 415 ). mine o sin amach ┐ urerghe (of a felmac) i.e. the student is obliged to be docile and to respect his tutor, Laws ii 354.20 Comm. ni do aithech doghniu-sa ureirghi, Lism. L. 1881 . amus a.¤ a special kind of servant : sechtmadh saire do amus urerge na bi rechtaire ┐ na bí fear coimsi acht a corp gnima fadeisin, O'Curry 2445-6 ( Eg. 88 36(37)c) . Laws ii 24.23 . ? aurgeirgi .i. aurnaidhe righ do gres dia manchaine, O'Curry 473 ( H 3.18, 248 ).

airlithir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airlithir or dil.ie/2222
Last Revised: 2019

 

v (cf. 1 airle)

(a) advises, counsels: is he nodairlestar ar a gais it was he gave advice on account of his wisdom, Ériu iii 140.158 (= conid he roscobair tria gaes, Cymmr. xiv 116 § 17 ). dilmuin do boethuib nad nairliut gaith fools whom the wise do not advise are exempt, Laws ii 82.7 = na nairliter, O'Curry 684 (H. 3.18 p. 333). Cf. airlethfimne na hóga .i. do ghéunam leathnughadh no comhairliughadh ar na laochaibh, O'Cl. (airle). With prep. DO: is and airlestar Eithne . . . dia haitib dul doib . . . advised her fosterers, Ériu iii 140.156 (= dobreth E. iarsin comairle dia meithre, Cymmr. xiv 116 § 17 ). ? táet Lugaid chuci or Ailill ┐ ara n-airlathar dó in n-ingin and let him advise him [to accept] the girl(?), LU 5864 = taet L. chuci or siat, ┐ aranarlathar, ZCP ix 154.22 (see ad-gládathar).

(b) consults, asks advice of: airliter cumni cóich comarbai cré, LU 3474 ( SCC² § 25 `let memories be consulted to learn to which heir the land belongs'). collaa dún . . . issa ndúnad co n-airlither (.i. co n-iarfaigea) Lugaid mac Nóiss, 5991 ( TBC-I¹ 1523 ). is imbe rotairles sech na ridiribh eile, Grail 2846 . deliberates, considers: mani airlestar, TBC-I¹ 74 (`if heed is not taken of him', Faraday 5 ).

(c) takes a resolution, resolves, determines: roairlesatar Connachta . . . techtaireda ūaidib, TBC-I¹ 3098 . ? In cheville: arnamāirech doibh / for muir miadh (= mad?) airleth (: bairgedh), ZCP x 344 § 12 . tiucfa la Flann Cinach / a coimpert madh airledh (: bairgen) well has it been decided(?), § 21 . ro-airliset īerom Connachtae i comairle cid di-gēndais 'the Connachtmen then decided in council what they should do', BDC 122.282 .

(d) looks after, sees to: arndip maith nairlethar a muintir `that he care well for his household', Wb. 28b32 . nipa díless duit an í hi tái mani cáinairlither gl. si permanseris in bonitate, 5b38 . Note also: airlethar no móras gl. sed quem Dominus commendat, 17b22 (wrong interpretation of commendat?).

(e) arranges, regulates: arlifimni na hócu chena conná gébat forsin tslóg (of the Galióin), LU 4648 ( TBC-I¹ 187 ). ? dia ard airlathar / aingel indrechta, 1156 (ACC). is and ro airled ri ┐ aithech here (i.e. in the Senchas Mór) was fixed (the difference between) king and serf, ZCP xvi 175 § 2 ( Laws i 40 ). is and ro-airled dire cáich fo miad, § 3 (ib.). is i Senchas Mor ro-airletha na cetheora cána, 176 § 6 . it teora eirce airliter, Laws iii 26.17 .i. erluaidhter na teora eirce, 25 Comm. slicht eitgedh airligter, 536.3 .i. eraluaiter aisneis na eirci, z Comm. ? ni ragaid mani deib cumachtachaib / arlidir crib coternam, LL 1620 = manab dib cumachta clanntar / crib airlither cat .i. munab cumachtach sibh ar erluadh no ar urfoichill catha do cor co crib no . . . biodh urfoichill chatha co luath libh, Leb. Gab.(i) 254.7 = ni raghadh muna deibh clandtar cirb airligther cath, BB 40a54 . prescribes, decrees: bailechro a n-ifernd ro-n-airlestar Dia fri pianadh na pecdhach `which God has designed', Ériu ii 132 § 108 . nad inand airlither Dīa do gach dāen, Anecd. v 23.2 .

Note also: conidnarlaid (.i. co roairlestar) síth iar sáeth, Thes. ii 332.17 .

aithbéimm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aithbéimm or dil.ie/2551

 

n (béimm) n. Later m. second stroke, return stroke: no teilg[ed] . . . a chammán arís d'athbéim, TBC-LL¹ 891 . dobert béim do G. . . . ┐ dobert athbéim ina médi, RC xiv 410.5 . tug béim do . . . ┐ dorad an t-aithbém dhó, ITS v 96.12 . in athbéim for bru Chlochair the second sound on the edge of C. (of a bugle), Metr. Dinds. iv 148.20 .

(b) recapitulation: aithbeim forsin dib ciallaib fil isind emulari lesom inso `he has here a recapitulation of the two meanings that are in emulari', Ml. 56b37 . a.¤ forais id. (cf. béimm forais s.v. forus): uinum aithbeim forais lesom anisiu fora uini meri remierbart, 94c13 .

1 aithech,

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 aithech, or dil.ie/2605
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: athach, athaig

n o, m. (aithe). See LEIA a.¤ (cóir), athach, eathach (lochdach) m., IGT Decl. § 11 , § 55 . Note however, athaig (g s.): athair, Éigse viii 290 § 12 and n. 0

Lit. rent-payer; vassal, peasant .

(a) In legal contexts used of a particular class of tenant and sometimes to describe the commoner as opposed to the noble. See Críth G. p. 74 ; ZCP xv 245 . ethach .i. quasi aithech .i. doniter a aithe for neach, O'Curry 105 ( H 3.18, 70 ). a.¤ .i. fer braith ut est taidhe cach a.¤ .i. is amail gataide in fer braith nó in fer forinaiter féich, O'Dav. 37 . Cf. táid gach a.¤ | a.¤ gach ainbh, Ériu xiii 20.14 . a.¤ = briuga, Harl. 5280, 53b (Plummer MS. notes). athaigh .i. íocaidhe, O'Cl. flaith ┐ a.¤ `lord and vassal', Thes. ii 238.12 ( Ardm. 17a2 ). fri tige cach na.¤ , Ml. 92d15 . athaig ┐ bachlaich domeled sin uile, SCano 345 . flaith athuigh na bid flaith a athair i.e. a noble whose father was a commoner, `Bauer-Herr', ZCP xv 245 § 4 . ní dlig a.¤ mraich cor[o]p flaith, Críth G. 254 . díre n-aithig honour-price paid by an a., 530 . athich cacha slointe di ṡhund huma anechclann the commoners of every family from here on with their e., Rawl. 118b38 . adnacol do cholaind aithich thuaithe a peasant of the tribe (laity?), RC x 82.12 . soifid roúall . . . i mmaccu a.¤ .i. grád fene no chille, LL 188c1 ( RC xxvi 42.1 ). ait[h]ech cách co hEogan húais, ZCP viii 299 z . ísel cech athech, Tec. Corm. § 15.15 . ó a.¤ co righ, ML² 836 . athig i comairli ríg / mairg tír i tic in scél, Ériu ix 48 § 23 . aondath i n-éadach moghaidh, dá dhath i n-éadach an aithigh, Keat. ii 1918 . aithigh Laighion / siad ós maithibh measfuidhior, LBranach 5776 = DDána 117.16 . gach saoirfhear ann badh aitheach, 72.32 . Prov.: as ait[h]ech cāch gan deōladh no one is so exalted but he can do with assistance(?), ML² 162 .

With qualifying clause, gen., etc. a.¤ ara-threba a deich (so called because his stock is numbered in tens, and represented as standing midway between the ócaire and the bóaire, Críth G. p. 77 ): cateat fodlai bóairech? dá ḟer midboth(a) ┐ óccaire ┐ a.¤ arathreba a deich, 17 . a.¤ arathreba a deich, deichde a búar sidi, 132 . a.¤ baitside (baitsid, baitse), meaning doubtful; is é a.¤ baitside inso dia mbé in[n]a enncai cen gait, cen brait cen guin doíne acht láa catha nó nech toṡaig a chenn fair, Críth G. 142 and n. a.¤ forrtha (fortha), one appointed to take the king's place in legal actions against him, see forrtha.¤ im athechu bunaid (.i. na aithig ḟortha) im athechu cis (.i. na doerchele), Cóic Con. 21 § 14 .

(b) In pejorative sense churl, boor, uncouth person: contall a chenn dind aithiuch labar, Ml. 58c6 . in triar a.¤ . . . ro anacht Cú Ch., BDD² 1287 . robo leanamnach int a.¤ (aidech, LU), TBC-I¹ 1207 . ni thecat da fuapairt / acht [mad] athig mith, TBC-LL¹ 3371 (see meth). is duit dosratsam ┐ ni dont ṡenaithiuch ucat (of Rónán), Fing. R. 67 . ni tú as cóir dia chairigud . . . a.¤ samlut (of Lugaid Mac Con), RC xiii 438 § 9 . bríathra athig churlish words, LU 5450 (TBC). in t-eathach, Acall. 5532 . dias aitheach oc ingairi cairech, YBL 122a2 . cumala ┐ athig na Pers, Alex. 390 . athig ┐ doeraicme, TTr.² 1303 . ar ba haitheach somh a h-ucht treóin `being a plebeian representative of a hero', AFM iii 178.17 . a tigh aithigh ┐ áonmná / caithidh sibh an cáomlá ar cúairt, IGT Decl. ex. 363 .

In phr. a.¤ feda base tree (oppd. to aire feda). Used of letters of the alphabet: athaigh feada, Laws iv 146.19 , 24 . airigh fedha ┐ athaig fedha . . . athaig fedha .i. fern, sail, bethi etc., Auraic. 1151 = aithig, 4249 .

(c) giant, monster: immacomarnaic dó ┐ don scál. tresi cluchi ind athig, LU 8538 ( FB § 39 ). da aitheach forgranna, Aisl. Tond. 98 § 1 . ar neimib a n-arm na n-athach n-uathmar n-agarbh, BB 43b1 . lorg in fhathaigh, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1006 . ris an athach darbh ainm Goliath, TSh. 10937 . combarala dam ┐ dond a.¤ (of the Cyclops), Mer. Uil. 56 . ethach ┐ arderrad ┐ fogmoir, Stair Erc. 1290 . is i in [n]aithir neime .i. in t-a.¤ aingide (of the custodian of the Garden of the Hesperides), 254 . tú an aithir sheang . . . / is ceann aithigh uirrei-se, DDána 50.10

COMPDS. ¤-aicme vassal tribe: seacht n-aitheachaicme robadar isin tir re tiachtain de Uib Eachach, ZCP xiv 44 § 6 . ¤-lus lit. churl's herb (protection against the evil eye ? Celtica xxiv 38 ): righlus ┐ tarblus ┐ a. . . . a. do ghradaibh feine, O'D. 2365 ( Rawl. B. 506, f. 43b ). ¤-matad base dog (term of contempt): ni tocrad dam int aitheachmattud [do] gleid (glieid, LU) frisin coin moir, TBC-I¹ 1228 . aithechmadad druthsotal, 1594 . ciarso dúal don athiuch-matud saigid forsin árchoin, TBC-LL¹ 1935 . ¤-phort rent-paying town: trí aithechpuirt (.i. bailte bodaich) Hérenn: Clúain Iraird, Glenn Dá Locha, Lugbad, Triads 33 and note p. 36.

¤-thúath subject people (see Mac Neill, Early Irish Population-Groups, PRIA xxix (C) 59 - 114 , O'Rahilly, EIHM p. 154 ff. ): ro díbdáit uili cland Ugaine Máir la athechthúathaib Herend . . . ┐ ro gabsat athechthuatha Herend flathemnas Temrach, LL 7308 . ba di athechthuathaib Herend dó, 14616 . na haitheachthúatha ┐ Cinél Conaill . . . ag argain an bhaile, Ériu v 76.16 . le daorchlannaibh nó lé hathachthuathaibh Éireann, Keat. ii 3702 . annam lib athechthuatha do tháinsemad bartrenfer, LL 238b25 ( TTr. 1617 ).

See next.

aitherrach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aitherrach or dil.ie/2630
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: atharrach, atharrach, aithearrach, -ig, -igi, aithearrachadh, atharrachadh, aithirriuch, oitherroch, atherruch, atheruch, atherrugh, aitherruch

adj -ech in Ml. Also atharrach. o, n. Vn. of ad-eirrig (see also aithrige). Later m. atharrach, aithearrach m. (g s. -ig, n p. -igi), IGT Decl. § 55 . aithearrachadh, atharrachadh, Verbs § 84 .

(a) act of repeating; repetition: is gnáth do a n-aitherrech `that repetition is usual for him', Ml. 94a3 . is gnath hi salmaib aitherrech forsna sunu cétnai, 133d2 . aitherrech forsanóinainm, 131a8 . atherruch i ṅguth ṅgnáth . . . is é in taitherruch . . . emnad óenfocuil i n-oeniniud isind runn ┐ cen lenamain dé o ṡein immach i.e. repeating a word or words as a device in poetry, LU 407 . aitherruch ar guth ṅgnath ar randaigecht moir inso, IT iii 79 § 50 . ar n-imdugud ┐ ár n-atheruch athgon ┐ athbulli, LL 226a23 ( TTr. 657 ).

D s. used as temporal adv. again: aithirriuch, Ml. 46b1 , 48d27 , 60a9 , Thes. i 489.36 ( Tur. 80 ), Críth G. 311 . oitherroch, Thes. ii 242.18 (Ardm.). aitherrach, Laws i 92.5 .i. . . . atharrach fechtusa eile, 98.23 Comm. atherruch, SR 1546 . atheruch, LU 1763 . TBFr. 228 . atherrugh, Ériu i 215.19 . aitherruch, ii 122 § 61 . Of dates, etc.: cusin samain a.¤ until next Hallow's Eve, RC x 224 § 14 . in seachtmad fichit isin mis chetna athirrach, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. i 24.37 . With prepp.: d'atherruch, SR 7408 . d'aithearrach, Dán Dé xxviii 12 . canir dano biad fri aitherruch an extra Beati is sung, Mon. Tall. 131.7 (§ 8) .

(b) act of changing, altering; change: aitherrech cheitbada lesom anisiu `he has here a correction of sense', Ml. 98b5 . dom aithirriuch gl. mihi ad emendationem, 22d5 . tairmrith .i. atharrach, O'Dav. 1577 (Fél. June 4). aithearach dlui n-assa, Laws i 268.7 .i. in oiriut bes . . . ag athearrach dlui, 300.22 Comm . a aitherruch as 'and removal [of the corpse] out of it', Mar. Dis. 48 § 38 ( Rawl. B. 506.45 ). m'olc d'aithearrach to change my evil nature(?), Dán Dé vi 36 . gan síl Adhaim d'a.¤ / máthair Chríst gar comhfhortacht, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 338.21 . atharrach na breithi `abrogation of the decision', Hy Maine 142.7 . do-gnid . . . imircedha ┐ aitherraige longphort `changes of camp', CCath. 3439 . earbuis . . . an sēpēl d'a.¤ `to remove the chapel', Fl. Earls 122.32 . athearrach aigidh turning pale, CF 654 . fir Alban diar n-a.¤ , Duan. F. i 89 (in sense of malairt destroying us(?), iii 80 ). Gramm. gan connsuini láir an fhocuil nach pearsa d'a.¤ d'ogham le hégsamhlacht ngáoidhilgi not to alter, IGT Introd. 3.4 . With DI: ni indliged doib athairec din conair fora setchi to transfer from one procedure to another, Cóic Con. 23 § 23 (atharrac, v.l. See note p. 82.).

(c) Common with gen. in sense of malairt lit. a change of, hence a different, another (cf. malairt): dia roibh a seanathuir i nannoit ┐ a athuir in atharach annoite, Laws iii 66.12 Comm. cia domrad Dia a n-aitherruch ecaisc (of an abbot changed into a woman), Anecd. i 77.15 . a.¤ cresa, Grail 3249 . a.¤ cuir do chor don choróin `to transfer the crown' (of the Earl of Essex), AFM vi 2258.13 . do glacadh aitherraigh aēir `take a change of air', Fl. Earls 238.2 . nach iarrthar a aithearrach sin nought else save that, Parrth. Anma 1258 . a aithearrach mar aighne / it aghaidh ní iarrfaim-ne no other advocate, DDána 11.33 . ni bhfuil m'aithearrach ann `there is none beside me', Isaiah xlv 6 . Redundantly: nách fuil a aithearrach ann achd é féin, Mark xii 32 .

(d) diversity, variety: tuic co tuicter [atharrach] fiabrais do reir aiterruigh na córp ┐ na ceoand = secundum diversitatem vaporum et corporum, Rosa Angl. 50.7 . is imdha atherrach creidium innti `a great variety of belief', Maund. 145 . dá chinēl déc . . . d'atharrach céol, RC xxiv 376.16 . lia d'aithearrach aosa ciúil `more numerous the variety of its musicians', TD 27.10 .

aithgein,

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aithgein, or dil.ie/2656

 

Forms: aithgin, -ene, -ine, -ena, -ina, aithghin

n. vn. of ad-gainethar. Also aithgin. g s. -ene, -ine, -ena, -ina. aithghin f., IGT Decl. § 13 .

(a) rebirth, regeneration: ? ba hed aithgin ṁbetha `rebirth of the world', Fél. Ep. 240 . comdis ellma . . . fó athgin in erruigh archinn by the following spring, CCath. 169 . tucusa gein ┐ a.¤ duit i.e. enough and to spare, Acall. 7813 . In religious sense (of baptism): in baisted .i. in a.¤ , LB 257b73 . tria aithgin a mbathis, PH 3812 .

(b) likeness, equivalent. With gen. the like of: athgein hūi Luirc the like of O Larc, Ält. Ir. Dicht. 41 § 32 . is uád fessin no bíad a athgein i.e. a warrior such as he could be born only of him (of Cú Chulainn), LU 10167 . th'aidgin-siu a warrior like thee, TBC-LL¹ 4050 . Art Aoínfhear bhur n-aithghin-si you can be compared only to, O'R. Poems 31 . ríg-athgein meic Airt Óenḟir / ní fríth, Metr. Dinds. i 36.104 . ag iomfhuirech la haithghin an dúin bai ann roimhe do thurccbháil, AFM vi 2210.10 . a aithghin oile do ingrinntidh, BS 63 . With DO: aithghin do Eochaidh Mumhó, ML 22.4 . Note also: as nach féidir ál acht aithghin `thence there cannot issue a brood unlike the parents', Ó Bruad. ii 62 xxviii . úir Pharthais nó a haithghin í paradise or something very like it, TD 11.10 . aithgin .i. cutruma, ut est: nicon tarla a mBoinn riam ná iarom a n-aithgin .i. nichor teilgus tar in Boinn roime ná 'na degaid a cutruma ima mét, H 3.18, 62a7 ( O'Curry 80 ).

(c) analogy, comparison: imtha an a.¤ . . . lemlacht la mac . . . imtha samlaidh ben la fer, Leb. Gab.(i) 30.5 . gurab fíoghair ┐ aithghein don tsacraimint so an plúr neamhdha, Eochairsg. 70.10 . aithgin don chomhnaidhe symbolum . . . quietis, TSh. 5287 .

(d) Legal. Technical term translated `restitution', `compensation', Laws; `Rückerstattung oder Ersatz in gleichen Gegenständen', Thurn. ZCP xiv 346 ; `restitution in kind, equivalent', Críth Gabl. The meaning restitution or compensation to the full value of that which has been lost, damaged, etc. is implied by a number of exx. from the text of the Laws: scarait amail condrecat; in da beir cach lais cusanaile, a marthar de issed beres lais fri himscarad, na (nó?) aithgin dia torad muna marathar `an equivalent of its produce if it is not living', Laws ii 394.26 . is aithgin muna marathar feib ro ratha, cen fuilliud leo, 338.18 `Ersatz (der Werte)', ZCP xiv 392 . aithgin do flaith acht trian facaib dib, Laws ii 318.5 ( ZCP xiv 385 ). díre a ṡabaill cóic ṡéoit ┐ aithgein co nneoch robronntar and making good of any damage done, Críth G. 244 (co neoch = neich, Notes). aithgin somaine, Laws ii 332.10 ( ZCP xiv 390 ). trian naithgina ar mifagbail, 56.19 (cf. the smaller subdivisions in follg. Comm.). Also prob.: aithg[e]in tuige making good the thatch, Críth G. 213 . dírech n-imda[e] . . . diam tochur tar cenn, sét ind ┐ a.¤ , 233 . óg n-innraic n-aithgena, 275 `a perfect fullness of equivalent', notes. cach a.¤ iar n-indrucus every `a.¤' in full(?), ZCP xvii 59 § 76 . Note also (Comm.): ba trom re dainib a naithgin ┐ a tintud for culu (of restoring perishable pledges), O'D. 950 ( H 3.17, c. 664 ). aithgin ngnima ro leic in brathair ar a ceili, Laws i 128.9 Comm. (of work carried out on behalf of another). In literary texts: aithgen in t-sheoit fén, PH 7561 . a ṡeacht n-aithghine d'ḟagháil, TD 9.17 . Distinguished from taisec in Laws text: ni faid nech na seotu so cin naidm a taisic no aithgina `without security for their restitution or compensation' (of things liable to be lost or destroyed while on loan), Laws v 278.7 . (`taisec restitution of the actual article, a.¤ the payment of an equivalent', Plummer MS. notes. Cf. taisic .i. cia mairit . . . aithgin .i. muna mairit, Laws v 278.11 Comm. At Laws v 402.19 Comm. taissecc is glossed .i. aithgena). In follg. classed as an `éraicc': cetheora eirca . . . aithgin ┐ dire, etc., Laws i 258.26 . ? Cf. cach diri iar n-aithgenib id laim bodein, ZCP xvii 58 § 75 . The a.¤ could be doubled: ni teid aithgin tar diablad, Laws v 448.17 . ? [dl]igur taisiuc diabul aithgina, ii 80.8 . cach n-aninraic n-anfoit cona diablad aithgene, ZCP xiv 346 § 7 ( Laws ii 232 ). diablud naithgina nech robriathra (leg. -ar?), Laws ii 68.11 . Various: aithgin mblechtai, Laws i 168.5 . fidbretha . . . a naithgin for uin, 182.2 . aithgin gach edge, ii 54.13 . ni lais dire a seoit, acht colainn aithgena nama `das Corpus (der Gegenstand) des Ersatzes' (of a `fuidir'), Ir. Recht 63 § 1 .

In Comm. often treated as name of some kind of fine or mulct. Cf. in the passage in Laws iv 146 ff. the elaborate distinction drawn between díre and (the smaller) a.¤ with regard to different categories of trees. Here a.¤ means `only a diminished amount of fine' (Laws Gl.). Somet. of one of the seven `cumals' which make up the `corpdíre' (wergild) the remaining six forming the `díre', Thurn. ZCP xv 356 , Binchy, Ériu xii 99 . Cf. cumal aithgena, ┐ cutruma . . . do na sé cumala[ib] dire, Laws iv 244.24 Comm. ben tēit di thairr a cāin lānamna, slān cen dīri [no] aithgin i.e. the husband is not liable for `corpdíre', ZCP xv 355 § 43 Comm. Note also: bo a ndire cach ae ┐ ní thuc a naithgin ar aird he does not mention their compensation (of the liability incurred by mutilating certain trees), Laws iv 148.8 Comm. In the follg. there is no indication as to the exact sense: i n-aís ícca aithgina, i 98.3 Comm. ar in athgabail gabar im aithginib na con sin the compensation for each of these herding-dogs, 144.9 Comm. gl. im conbuachaill cacha cethra, 126.8 . nocho nícctar acht certaithghin ris ón fhlaith, O'D. 908 ( H 3.17, 648 ) (Comm.). seachta cach aithgheana every restitution sevenfold, Leb. Cert. 140.1 , see Ériu xvi 182 § 29 .

al(l)e

Cite this: eDIL s.v. al(l)e or dil.ie/2965

 

adv = illé: conid dib cenel C. alle to this point, Ériu iii 136.37 . alé (: turchairthe), Acall. 647 . B. tucc an tor alle (: innile), Leb. Gab.(i) 40.23 . a-le (: ele), Ériu iv 222 § 38 . cu mba hár . . . leo alliu ┐ anall hither and thither, Marco P. 33 , 65 , 114 , 131 (the form alliu is perhaps a diff. formation in the meaning from here , ed.)= illiu ┐ anall, 151 . ? ille alle dá chét naem / do ria . . . co R., SG 366.13 ( LL 298a14 ).

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