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ad-cobra

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-cobra or dil.ie/394

 

Forms: accobraid, adcobraim, accobar

v (*cobur, see Ériu xix 115 ). Later as simple vb. accobraid. desires, wishes. Indic. pres. 1 s. adcobraim gl. volo, Sg. 146b12 . atcobraim-si far n-accomal-si do Mac ind Ríg, Lat. Lives 26.10 . 2 s. cía dú adcobrai?, Trip.² 2701 . cid adcobrai formsa what do you desire from me?. LU 10838 . a n-adcobrai-seo ō chách duit féin, ACL iii 312 § 7 . cech naccobur adcobrae (accobrai v.l.) every desire that thou desirest, Ériu i 196.2 . 3 s. amal as nóindia omnium adcobra ícc omnium , Wb. 28b2 . amal asinchobra ind ingen `as the daughter desires it', 10b18 . ni taibrid for nech ní nád accobra, 6c1 . P. dia mbói i llobrai / adcobra dul do Machi `he desired to go to Armagh', Thes. ii 318. 1 (Hy. ii). derchōiniuth di cech accobar atcobra duine, ZCP iii 27.25 . 3 pl. adcobratsidi cumscugud fercæ dæ do thabairt digl[e], Ml. 27b15 . Indic. impf. 3 s. asbert D. ba maith a n-athcobrad Alax. .i. ascnam ind hecnai foirbthi, BB 497b46 . nocon-occobrad sí co ndigsith nach leth cen hésom maraon fríe, Lat. Lives 47.10 . Subj. pres. 2 s. ni accobhrae, Gael. 50, 139 ( Blathm. 892 ). ní nach dūthraccair duit fēin . . . do duine nī accobra, ACL iii 312 .y . 3 s. ma adcobra (mas cobra MS) gl. uellit, Ml. 35a1 . cid natat sláin ind huli mát-chobra . . . indíi adchobrasom do hícc ithé ronícc, Wb. 28b1 . Subj. impf. 1 s. ciadcobrinn móidim do dénum, 17d17 . Pret. and perf. 3 s. atacobair an Dagda dó a cairdeas collaidi the D. desired her for himself, Ériu xii 142.6 (TE2). adrochabair . . . congbáil i nGréin la Aradau, Trip.² 2361 . adcobrastar . . . mnai a mīlead do chomrue ria, ZCP xiii 177.6 . 1 pl. nanní adrochobursam firianaib `whatever we the just have desired', Ml. 56b24 . 3 pl. a n-adcobairsed a n-ithi when (the ants) desired to eat them, RC ix 464.1 . As simple vb.: accobruidh an gilla digh, RC xiv 56 § 68 . is heside ro óccobair orccain Pátric, Trip.² 737 . an lucht accobrus na rétta saoghalta . . . seach na rétta nemhdha, RC xxv 392.14 . na hule no-accobratis doib fén, PH 5779 .

Vn. accobar.

ad-comla

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-comla or dil.ie/400

 

Forms: ad-comla, a-t-comla, ad-ind-chomlat, adcomaltar, -accomoltar, adcomlatar, -acomlatar, adcomaltar, -accomaltar, adchomlatar, adrochomolta, -accomalta, adrochomul, adcomaill, comlasat, ros ocomlad, accomaltae, accomol, accomlaid

v (* ad-com-la-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 509 ). Indic. pres. 3 s. ad-comla, Wb. 3c13 . a-t-comla som, 4a10 . 3 pl. ad-ind-chomlat. Sg. 212b7 . Pass. sg. adcomaltar, Sg. 148b9 . -accomoltar, 188a15 . Pl. adcomlatar, 51b13 . -acomlatar, 198a20 . Subj. pres. pass. sg. adcomaltar, Sg. 63a17 . -accomaltar, 197b17 . Pl. adchomlatar, Ml. 35b2 . Subj. impf. pass. sg. adrochomolta, Sg. 188a16 . -accomalta, ZCP vii 484.30 . Pret. and perf. 3 s. adrochomul, Ml. 58b12 . adcomaill, LL 750 . 3 pl. (with tmesis) ata coraib comlasat , ZCP xii 365.23 . Pass. sg. ros ocomlad, Trip.² 2072 .

Part. accomaltae.

Vn. accomol.

Later as simple vb. accomlaid.

Joins, unites: is in óin persin atacomla `it is in one person that it joins itself', Sg. 208a10 . amal adindchomlat coniunctiones `as conjunctions join', 212b7 . adcomlatar gl. iniungantur, Ml. 35b2 . co roaccomalta gl. copularetur, ZCP vii 484.30 (Enchir. Aug.). innahisiu adrochomul, Ml. 58b12 . tor Conaind co méit airgne / adcomaill col cét milte, LL 750 . is é ro-accomail in eclais cechtardai, PH 7066 . With tmesis: ar conrarcicht selba . . . ata coraib comlasat comdliged mainche morfaeidm flaithemnuis, ZCP xii 365.23 . do etarscarath neich adrocomallnad (leg. adrochomlad?) tria mierlegend, Hib. Min. 307 . Joins to, with (DO, FRI, LA): do genitin articuil adcomaltar in gerind `to the genitive of the article is joined the gerund', Sg. 148b9 . air dianaccomaltar pronomen naill do, Sg. 197b17 . ara chosmili frisa cétnide dia naccomoltar, 188a15 . ró pridach Pátraic dí coros ocomlad don tairgertaig spirtalta, Trip.² 2072 . ronaccomail Eláir do Mártain araile sechtarétsíd dia forcetul, RC ii 390 § 19 . uracomol cis neimid .i. in ní for a firaccomailter a cis do neimed `by which his rent is truly secured to a n.-person', Laws iv 6.y Comm. ro-n-accomailset do'n cháisc `they brought it (Lent) into conjunction with Easter', PH 5006 . o ro-s-accomail do fen when he united it (the Church) to Himself, 4553 . atcomlasom friu ardis lemnethu de do hícc , Wb. 4a10 . adcomla friu fessin in fect so `he joins Himself to them now', 3c13 . adcomlatar sidi fri cach tuisel `these are joined to every case', Sg. 51b13 . ciad- comaltar oppidum friss, Sg. 63a17 . fobith inna cenel . . . frisanacomlatar, 198a20 . ní accomlatar epactae . . . fri riaglóri, Thes. ii 17.27 . (BCr.) atcomlasom híc lasnahí dofuircifea bráth i mbethu `he joins himself híc with those whom the Judgement will find alive', Wb. 25b16 . Note also: mar rohaccomlait mar aen / in t-uiscce is in fīn, RC xxxvii 346 § 33 .

? ainchréchtach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? ainchréchtach or dil.ie/1201

 

adj (crécht): rucadar . . . leo hé da hícc . . . gurba slan ancretach (sic) da eis healed of his wounds, RC xxii 326 n. 3 (BDD). Or leg. ainchnedach?

3 aire

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 aire or dil.ie/1885

 

Forms: Lóigaire, airib, a.

n k, m. (orig. io, Pokorny, Celtica iii 308 , citing the n.pr. Lóigaire and d p. airib, AU i 394.10 ). In pl. indistinguishable from 1 airech, to which some exx. included here could belong. See Thurn., ZCP xx 353ff. and LEIA `In Laws . . . used to describe every freeman, `commoner' as well as noble, who possesses an independent legal status . . . Occasionally, however, aire is used in the more restricted sense of `noble' (as oppd. to `commoner'), which is its usual meaning in the literature', Críth G. p. 69 . On the various classes of a.¤ see ib. ff. and under 1 ard, , coisring, déis, écht, forgell, ócaire, tús. See also Laws Crit. p. 7 . Bürgschaft p. 53f. Cóic Con. pp. 32, 66 . MacNeill, Law of status xxxvi, C 16 pp. 267-70 . On the `eneclanna' of the various a.¤ 's see O'Curry 1262-5 ( H 3.18, 510 -2). a.¤ ainm coitc[h]end cech grāda flatha i tūaith, Corm. Y 1124 . O'Cl. a.¤ graidh fhlatha . . . a.¤ graidh feine, Laws iv 68.17 Comm. mad ingen in airech feibi tes co mac in bo-airech . . . aen trian o ingin in airech feibi, v 286.4 . ata[t] aroile airic i tuait na dledat acht letbiatad do aes a coemtechta, BCrólige 28 . cateat grád túaithe? fer midboth, bóaire, a.¤ désa, a.¤ ard, a.¤ túise, a.¤ forgill ┐ rí, Críth G. 11 . coiri . . . thige airech, 338 . secht seoit airech . . . caire, dabach, easgar, iarn, arathar, echsrian, no delg, O'Curry 1202 ( H 3.18, 479b ). flaith athuigh .i. ni flaith a athair na a senathair . . . .i. a.¤ itir da a.¤ , Laws ii 200.22 Comm. ben cach airech itir da airig, 380.8 Comm. briuga ┐ a.¤ desa, LL 3734 . saír ┐ a.¤ échta, 3738 . do airig aird, LL 3731 .

In more general sense noble, chief: a.¤ no sainṡamail gl. optimas, Sg. 50a27 (cf. airech no thoisecha.¤ gl. primas, 26 ). a.¤ díbergae, LU 7720 = airig díbergi, BDD² 1252 . cateat airig cecha aissi ┐ cadeat a saegla na n-airech sin, Rawl. 69a17 . na ríga ┐ na flatha ┐ na hairig, Trip.² 438 . airich na haesi tanaisi, LU 135 . cethrur airech tanic Partholon .i. sé féin ┐ Laíglinne . . ., LL 480 . ba hé a n-ord na n-airech, 777 . fert na n-airech di Grécaib, Metr. Dinds. iii 106.51 . roba ha.¤ (airech, airiuch v.l.) isin crích sin, Mer. Uil. 92 . ic airechaib na Eórpa, LL 234b18 ( TTr. 1305 ). soicheneol na n-oireach, MR 96.6 . dumha gach ae dia ro baidheadh d'aireachaibh a muintire, Leb. Gab.(i) 258.21 . adhbhar éccaoíne d'oireachaibh, AFM v 1682.21 . Fig. of trees and shrubs classified as airig feda (and athaig (aithig) feda), see fid (c). Of major virtues and vices: cen airich duálche gl. sine querella, Wb. 25c27 . nech concheil airig (sic leg.) ndualcha fora cheili, Ériu vii 158 § 21 . na hocht nairig sūalach . . . fri hīcc . . . na n-ocht n-airech ndūalchae, ZCP iii 24.31 . ocht n-airic[h] go ngolaige, vi 271 § 1 . d'ocht n-airc[h]ib na nduálach, BColm. 12.14 . Of the prow of a ship: adnaghaid a[c] tarraing oirech a luingi don charraic `prow', Aen. 1011 .

bec

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bec or dil.ie/5512
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: lugimen, beag

adj o, ā small, little, of size, quantity, extent, physical and moral: b.¤ quasi ec ebraice paru[u]s interpretatur, , Corm. Y 151. duine beg gl. homunculus, Ir. Gl. 436. magnus et minus . . . mor ┐ beg, Auraic. 676. natat beca gl. non parua, Ml. 18b6 . cid na olc mb.¤ `even any little evil', 35d9 . atá debe m[b]ec nand, 40a20 . ma beth na galar b.¤ for corp duini, Thes. ii 245.34 (Cambr.). na brithemnachta becca `petty judgements', Wb. 9c8 . both b.¤ gl. umbraculo, Ml. 100c21 . inna mmacc ṁbecc, 123b12 . cid b.¤ cid már gl. quantitas, Sg. 28b7 . immar fa b.¤ `whether it be great or small', 73a16 . huan suidiu biuc gl. modica sesione, Ml. 135a14 . o aimsir bicc `for a little time', Wb. 5c2 . is becc rand aos túate ┐ lucht na sencheld mór ucut `the laity and the people of the great old churches yonder are of little worth', Mon. Tall. 137.4 nibo b.¤ in tech, Sc.M² 5. fri ré iúbili bicci .i. uii mbliadna, LU 4044. cansit ceól mb.¤ , LU 3274 ( SCC 7 ). ar thoirsi in meic bic do chosc, MU² 186. atchi tenid mbic `a little fire', RC xxiii 418.25 . id-bert an laoidh mbig si ann, ML² 1151. b.¤ cech glōr is cech gredan, Bruchst. i 62 § 143. dogní na briathra beca sa (of some lines of rhetoric), SG 371.18 . faillsighis . . . doibh-siumh an talamh mbiucc dia mbattar iarraidh .i. tir thairrngire, BNnÉ 77 § 148 . lethad baisi bigi (of a measure of bread), ZCP vi 286.10 . beag nglóire thú i dtalmhain (lit.) small as regards glory, Dán Dé viii 13 (but ex. may belong to subst. use below). más beag mór ar mbéim `all our sins, great and small', Aithd. D. 85.2 . ní fhuil dá éis dom scéimh acht scáil bheag, Keat. Poems 516. do chrích Banbha is beag re maoidheamh `small credit to B.', Aithd. D. 28.6 . b.¤ b.¤ very small, Ériu v 22.21 . becc nāt beg `not too tiny', K. and H. 10 (See Bull. Board of Celt. Stud. xxiv (1972) 484).

Compar. and superl. supplied by root *lug (cf. ). b.¤ ┐ lugum ┐ lugusomh, Auraic. 659. Compar. laugu (sic leg. laugi, MS), Wb. 6b12 . lugu, 16c26 , Ml. 23a13 . laigiu, 17c7 , Sg. 120b2 . lugha gl. minor, Ir. Gl. 1115. dleagait mic leigind . . . saire ada lugu a free status that is less (than that of higher-ranking men of letters), Laws v 102.6 . gnim nad lugu smacht for which the penalty is not less, IT i 70.19 . co nar ba luga hí . . . oltás orcc cránai it was no smaller than a young pig, PH 7210. ni lugu is machtnaigthi lim-sa I have no less reason to marvel, 1758 . gerba lugu d'ais ┐ do airrdi in gilla sin `of lesser age and height', TTebe 393 . Scotia Minor nó Scotia ba lugha, Keat. ii 5797. With DE: combad lugaite a nert i n-agid ríg Lagen that their strength might be the less, LL 6423. his laugudi a pennit, Ériu vii 154 § 2. ba lugaide a galarsom ón do suidiu `thus his sickness was alleviated', Ériu xii 166.7 . ro ba lughaide ro heccaoíneadh a oidheadh go ro thionnsccain sé dol ar bélaibh a athar `was the less lamented', AFM v 1778.1 .

Superl. : lugimen gl. minimam, Ml. 14c10 . is ē dēach is laigem, Corm. Y 447. cia luigem i fuillemaib gell, Laws v 376.1 . With form of compar. : ūair is é mer is lauga isin lāim é (the little finger), Corm. Y 809. na tri fira is luga a fenechus the three smallest (least in value), Cóic Con. 42 § 63 . i coneilg in neich is lughu, Auraic. 677. in aen lámh mharcaigh as luga rob olc `by no means one of the least expert horsemen', AFM vi 2040.11 . In adverbial phrases: na rachthai . . . co cend .x. ṁbliadan a n-as lugu de `at the least' ( TTr. 1776 ), LL 32574. in mēide is lugha dhe, Fl. Earls 178.z . adeirim nī sa lugha cúig Paidreacha at least , Parrth. Anma 777. muna rabha sí ann go follus, ní as lúgha de, bíodh sí a bhfolach none the less, Mac Aingil 2210 .

As adv. in d s. (in) biuc little, a little ; a while?), in some exx. perh. merely expletive: ma conatil biucc `if it has slept a little', Wb. 29d15 . in biucc gl. paulatim, Sg. 12b1 . cid in biucc `even in small measure', 39a25 . in biuc iarum gl. paulo post, Ml. 19b6 . in biuc `to a small degree', 122b7 . seōl bic romaind 'sa rōt cētna / a choss truag-sa, ACL iii 243 § 27. an biuc, a L. corot-aiciller, Sc.M² 9. tair bic ille, LU 3724 ( SCC 33 ). Compar. as adv. ind lugu gl. minus, Ml. 123c12 .

As subst. of persons and things small, petty, unimportant (of state, rank, possessions, etc.): ataat cetheora sabuid tuaithe noda-desruithetar i mbecaib who are degraded to small people, ZCP xvi 177 § 14 (= Laws i 54.8 ), see 184.23 . a becco, ol Fer Rogain, BDD² 888. nān .i. b.¤ ut dicitur, nanus .i. abac nō lucharbān, O'Mulc. 828. dona beaguibh (= paruulis, Psalms 118 ), Parrth. Anma 9 (title-page). In phr. o b.¤ (biuc) co mór both small and great i.e. everybody: tabhach cíosa ┐ cána Maodhóg o bhecc go mór `from small and great', BNnÉ 203 § 44 , cf. v.l., n.3. na coiglidh enduine acu o b.¤ co mor, Fier. 131. donangatarsidhe ó bhiug co mór, Hugh Roe 108.10 . Cf. etir b.¤ ┐ mór both small and great, Ml. 114b17 .

As subst. o, n. a little, a little while, etc., smallness, fewness : beag, m. IGT Decl. § 65. cid a mb.¤ gl. uel paululum, Ml. 29b12 . b.¤ gl. paulum, Sg. 14a11 . Études Celt. xi 110. iṁforling hícc a mbeicc rochreti `of the few of them', Wb. 5b21 . is becc rofitemmarni i rrúnaib dǽe, 12c5 . cid beicc daucbaid si `of little worth', Wb. 21c12 . is hed a mbeccsin nammá dogníu di maith, 24a12 . cid b.¤ ṅdi ulc, Ml. 46a1 . cid cen na b.¤ ndo síd and `even without a little of peace there', 51a5 . ní b.¤ dia ndergeni forcenn a sailm `it is no small thing', 69c7 . corrobu b. du essarcnaib furodamair, 131b12 . becc torbai little profit, Thes. ii 296.4 . a mbecc mín `the small light diet', Mon. Tall. 152.20 . a mb.¤ arathá . . . doṁsaegulsa during the little that remains of my life, RC iii 179.9 . edrad fota do biuc (bicc, v.l.) buair `long the milking time for a few cattle', Ériu v 116.8 . dochóidseom trá i nnem arin ṁb. sin do maith, LL 36833. don ti rucc becc h'innmusa, RC xxvi 366.4 . beg dá hioth do-chúaidh ar gcúl, IGT Decl. ex. 1093. as beag do geabhthar do dhaoinibh fíréanta a small number, Desid. 2257. beag ga bhfoil an ceart ar chuimhne ` few ', Aithd. D. 38.5 . ar uathadh sluaigh ┐ ar beg mbuidhne, AFM v 1662.3 . Of time: ni bia do m'fhuirech-sa anosa mar-oen frit . . . acht b.¤ bet oc tuba h'uilc . . . i t'agaid, PH 8230. dar thrachtsam beg roimhe so `a short time', Geneal. Tracts 53.5 .

With prec. possess. 3 s.: rochotail a becc slept a while, TBC-I¹ 2513. nír codail a b.¤ an aidhchi sin he did not sleep at all, ZCP x 307.18 . ni rucsat a beg ar a m-buidnib they quite failed to overtake, Celt. Rev. iv 206.20 . dá leigeadh a lámha síos a bheag nó a mhór, Eochairsg. 54.5 . hi tōeb na conaire anair a bic `a little to the east', Dinds. 20. gan a bheg `not a whit', Duan. F. i 53.20 . dubhairt-sean nach raibhe a bheag `he said it was nothing', Keat. ii 5272.

With neg. verb and follg. DI anything at all, the smallest quantity: ní romill a becc din chasail (= permanente cassula tantum intacta quod ignis non tetigit), Lat. Lives 11.12 . na beiridh a bhecc da bhar nettaighibh libh asin luing, BNnÉ 54 § 55 . ní haithristear a bheag da scéalaibh `no tidings whatever are given of them', Keat. ii 2571. Cf. nochon do biuc bae dia brīg not slight was his power, ZCP viii 217 § 5.

In phr. acht b.¤ almost, nearly: fri re tri n-uairi acht b.¤ , PH 550. dia bualad co mbo marb acht b.¤ so that he was nearly dead, LU 3290 ( SCC 8 ). roscarsatur ar cuirp fri ar n-anmannaib acht b.¤ `have all but separated', MacCarthy 66.23 . acht madh beac, Fl. Earls 168.23 . b.¤ ná, b.¤ nach almost, nearly (i.e. little but that): b.¤ nachamralae i nderchóiniud ón `I have almost fallen into despair', Ml. 90c17 . b.¤ nád múchtha doíne impu were nearly stifled, TBFr. 272. beag nach brisiodh mo chroidhe / gach dán roimhe da gcumainn, Studies 1918, 618 § 11 . beg do Tuadmumain nár thrían / do bí ag M. M. held almost a third of Thomond, Caithr. Thoirdh. 136.15 . go raibhe trian bhfear nÉireann ré filidheacht beagnach, Keat. iii 1462. So also: is b.¤ mā dorinnus ariam gnīomh . . . badh doilghe liom do dhēanamh hardly , Feis Tighe Chonáin 1469. is beac ma ba oirrdearca C. `C. . . . was scarcely more illustrious', CF 411. Cf. is b.¤ cid dia fesstar a chenél `his kin will be almost unknown', RC xxiv 176.5 .

With copula and follg. prep. is b.¤ do it is little, insufficient (for): ba becc duitsiu cometecht dossom `it were little for thee (sic leg.) to be indulgent to him', Wb. 10c10 . ba b.¤ ṅdamsa mad buith cen chotlud tantum , Ml. 95d13 . Hence with neg. it is enough; an bhraid-sin nochar bheag dí `grief enough for her', Dán Dé ii 23 . ní beag dó dá chora i gcéill / an fhola féin i ló an Luain, Aithd. D. 100.33 . ní beag seal don bhaois, Dánta Gr. 102.2 . níor bheag aon aifrionn amháin do rádh ar gach n-anam a single mass would suffice, Eochairsg. 51.20 . cá b.¤ do ? is it not enough (for) ?: ca beag dóibh so do robhadh?, KMMisc. 352.3 . cár bheag dhuid aithmhéala inn ? `would not repentance satisfy thee ?' Aithd. D. 34.5 . cá beag sin dá chur i gcéill ? isn't that enough to make it clear ? Dánta Gr. 85.8 . is (ní) b.¤ la deems insufficient; thinks little of: is beic (g s.) lim in bríg sin ced molad ced tatháir domberaidsi domsa is beicc limsa a bríg `little do I care', Wb. 82d1 . as becc lem slechtain dó I think it beneath me to make obeisance to him, BNnÉ 13 § 13 . mó as beag lé burba na bhfear `small account did she (viz. Eamhain) make of', Content. xxx 35. fá beag leó . . . iad féin ┐ a sochar do bhuain don duine `they did not hesitate' (Vocab.), TSh. 3065. ní beg limm do biadh gu bráth / balad mo chráibi cáimhe, Anecd. i 34.23 . ná bad begc la hingin ríg hErenn feis lais that the daughter of the King of Ireland should deem it no small honour to sleep with him, BColm. 88.8 . doraid in saer nar' beg lais do shaegul usci do thoidecht docum in muilinn (= sufficit mihi vivere donec), RC xii 344 § 39. adubradarsan nar beg leo féin a fheabhus sin they thought that excellent (i.e. an offer of billeting), L. Chl. S. § 9.12 . is b.¤ ar thinks little of, considers insignificant; despises, dislikes: sgéal is beag ar a mbuachail, Ir. Syll. Poetry 29 § 3. is beg oram cáil na mban, Duan. F. i 85.31 . beg air imurro caingean na namad . . . uair ra dhlighsiot `he thought little of the doings of the enemies . . . for they were entitled to it', TFrag. 154.13 . is bec orumsa gach uile leiges lagtach isin cuis so acht clisteri (= abhorreo), Rosa Angl. 288.16 . gidh beg ormsa S., Ériu v 184.1 . an tí do dhéanadh math . . . dhóibh, go madh é budh lugha orra, Gadelica 38.65 . is lughaidi orum tú beth a t-[S]axanach . . . uair is don talam-sin in dias is lugha orum tainic riam, ZCP vi 87.21 . gidh ard thú ó threibh fhola, / dola i gclú leibh ní lugha you are just as intent on becoming famous, L. Cl. A. B. 215.20 .

In nn. loc.: in herinn bicc bebais `in Becc-Eriu', Fél. Apr. 23. Augustin Insi Bice, Lat. Lives 42.2 . See Hog. Onom.

In n. pr.: feil Brain Bic, Fél. May 18 .

Compds.

(a) With nouns. .x. mbuair . . . mbecalma, Ériu ii 4.11 . ¤baile: go mbeg-bailtip `villages', Fl. Earls 82.20 . ¤brat ina becbrataib `in his swaddling clothes´ Blathm. 34 . ¤déntaid `small worker ' (one of categories of wives with specific activities, see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 34.32 ): masa beccdentaidh, gunudh seiseadh no nomadh gnimha a fir aiccisi ann sein, Laws ii 410.7 Comm. issed da ní beccdentaidh dissi banaicidh (sic) uaidhsiumh ina aighidsi `what makes her a small worker is to have feminine implements supplied by him', 22 Comm. ¤dolb: (in rhetoric) iba srúaim sruthborr slán lam broind begdolb crú, LL 13860. ¤ecla of little fear . pn As epithet: Conaing B., ZCP viii 337.20 . ¤enech of small honour: comairge béldub b.¤ , Tec. Corm. 33.2 . ¤ḟola, small stock, cattle: .x. mbuair mbecfolad . . . glossed: .i. cáirigh nó gabhair nó dairt, Ériu ii 4.10 . ¤grend short-beard: Tuirenn Beggreann, Cóir Anm. ii § 159 . ¤a small thing, a trifle: dorindi in ridiri bagar ┐ becni do briathraibh Sir Gyi, ZCP vi 32.26 . ¤popul little (lowly) people: is cend daim for dartoid [.i.] mōrpersan for becphopul, O'Mulc. 753. ¤ṡaegal short life: gan uamhan báis nō begs[h]aogail, ML² 1189. ¤ṡed little interest, heed: teirce a-cách an creideamh cóir / beigsheadh ag cách san chanóin, DDána 57.1 . ¤ṡelb: i lennmhain a mbegṡelbha bó `their few cattle', Hugh Roe 84.20 . ¤ṡluag a small company, host: is doras bāls beg-s[h]luag, ML² 1384. With vn. ¤carthain: gan bhríogh i mbeag-charthain séad `paltry love of treasures', Content. xxix 13.

(b) With adjj. derived from nouns: ¤cíallda having little sense, weak-witted: boathán builidh beig-ciallda, TSh. 1721. ¤cosach short-stalked: (of a plant) luib b.¤ , ACL i 330 § 11 . ¤cridech small-hearted, hard-hearted: aderthar gurab duine cruaidh no beccchroidhech thu, Ériu v 138 § 124. ¤dígbálach of little harm: neithi iat sein . . . begdighbalacha, Irish Texts v 2 7. ¤eclach fearless: Conaing B., LL 2491. ¤ḟoltach having little substance, `inops': sochla brīg b.¤ , ZCP v 503.1 . ¤lachtach yielding little milk: comét in buair bec-lachtaig, Metr. Dinds. iv 338.26 . ¤menmnach dispirited: dobhí se go brónach begmhenmnach, Ériu v 196.33 . ¤náirech impudent, shameless: m'iaraidh-si do bhancheile led' bogbhriathraib begnaracha, ZCP vi 26.16 . ¤nertach having little strength, weak: biaid in bhuidhe becnertach (of a plague), SG 21.4 . ¤nertmar: don chriosdáidhe óg bhíos maoth beignertmhar, Ó Héodhusa 195.13 . ¤thuicsech feeble-witted: an téigentach bocht begthuigsech sin, Ériu v 166.34 . ¤uiscech: biaidh . . . an geimhreadh . . . beag-uisceach `scarce of water', Corp. Astron. 64.7 . Note also artificial compd. ¤máo: in b.¤ máo (? leg. becmáo) .i. is b.¤ as máo oldáusa .i. is b.¤ in derscugud gl. paruo maior quam ego, Sg. 45a15 .

Note also: muiti .i. mifothai . . . .i. b.¤ caithte a foghur, Auraic. 467.

comdírech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comdírech or dil.ie/11037

 

adj (dírech) (equally) straight, upright; just: enadharc ḟada choimhdhirech, Ériu v 190.466 . co ceimeannaibh . . . comdirgae, Stair Erc. 234 . na colamain coimhdirigh `upright', CCath. 4201 . is comiuir .i. is comdíriuch hic hícc namaithe, Fél.² xxv gl. 229 = O'Dav. 1100 .

comiúir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comiúir or dil.ie/11378

 

adj (cf. Lat. jus, juris? Plummer MS. notes): is c.¤ (comdiuir, condiur, v.ll.) in Coimmdiu `equally just ', Fél. Prol. 229 . .i. is comdíriuch hic hícc na maithe ┐ hic traethad na n-olc, Fél.² xxv . O'Dav. 1100 . comiair .i. comdirach, Stowe Gl. 297 . ? coic cressa caini c.¤ (: dúir), Rawl. 77b20 = comthúir, LL 16161 .

1 dáig

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 dáig or dil.ie/14171
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: dóig, dóig, daich, dóig

Also dóig, TBC-LL¹ 3244 . Acall. 2011 . Hy Fiach. 78. 13 . Ériu iii 150 § 2 (cf. § 1 ). MR 294. 16 ; 296. 5 . OCL p. 3 . ar dóig , Todd Nenn. 188. 12 .

I Nominal prep. with gen. because of, for the sake or purpose of: dáig cudnuda na salm in order to keep the order of the Psalms Mon. Tall. 128. 31 . d.¤ mórtha na hesergi in order to magnify the resurrection KMMisc. 146. 6 . ib. 154. 8 . d.¤ do chlemna su riu, LL 52 b 39 . dáidh na fáistine, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 68. 23 . d.¤ suirge, SG 351. 38 . d.¤ a ceneoil, Laws v 76. 2 . fácbaim C. fri láim ... d.¤ a ríge ┐ fácbaim F. d.¤ a cotéchta, FB § 94 . is dé ná tic a hE. d.¤ na delba rondedail, SCC § 29. 21 . cid d.¤ ind oenḟir sin nammá even for the sake of that one man LU 87 b 38 . cid dáig in trírsin, BDD § 96 , § 100 e . ní adra do hídlachtaib d.¤ in Choimded móir, ACL iii 312. 12 . dáigh celtair díchlithe, RC xxv 348 § 3 . ma dosgní Dia feirg fri ré mbicc d.¤ ár cuimbrig for our chastisement PH 6638 . d.¤ bíd do chennach for the purpose of buying food ib. 1000 . ib. 6638 .

Generally preceded by prep. ar dáig: ara d.¤ on account of that Laws i 200. 20 . ar d.¤ aesa na ndoene do fis treotho, AU i 578. 6 . ní har d.¤ dáine mar sinne not on account of persons like us CCath. 1671 . cen co nderntai calma ar mo dáighinsi dénaidh cid eiter ar bur ndaigh fein, ib. 5071 . ní har ṡaint an tsaogail ... acht ar dháigh ṡláinte a anma in order to save his soul RC xxv 394. 27 . ar d.¤ enich Guairi do brith, ACL iii 3. 10 . tancatar ar d.¤ runi imchuibde, LB 199. 17 . ar d.¤ na ndóine do breith ó chomrorcain, PH 2130 . ar do d.¤-siu, ara d.¤ , ara nd.¤ , ib Glossary . nach ara d.¤ féin doradag (i.e. doradad) isin domun, D IV 2, 9 a 1 . 28 = CCath. 1181 . TBC-LL¹ 800 Y. Lec. 346 b 42 . ZCP vii 306. 33 ; iv 384. 26 ; 24. 9 ; 102. 6 ; viii 215. 31 . Todd Nenn. 90. 22 ; 100. 13 ; 170. 15 ; 172. 16 . Lib. Flav. ii 49 b 1 . 21 . AU i 578. 6 .

prep de dáig: is dit d.¤ fesni, SCC § 16 (l. 23) = LU 45 a 24 . de dáig ár nindile, TBC-LL¹ 513 Y. do daig (do = di): dot d.¤ , LMU § 5 .

prep fo dáig: fo d.¤ maic Dé, RC xxiv 60 § 21 . ZCP viii 330. 30 . Lib. Flav. 17 a 1 . 30 . fo d.¤ a muinntiri, IT i 144. 7 . mairg iuras in norgain fo dáig ind fir sin nammá, BDD § 98 . fo d.¤ na rigi do Brian in order that B. might get the kingship RC xxiv 178. 10 . tionóilit Goill Éreann na aghaidh f. d. rígh Saxan on behalf of the King of England AFM iii 272. 2 . fo d.¤ na ṅdóine truag filet a niffern, PH 2279 . ná dénaid fuasnad bám daig-si, ib. 2403 . cid fo dáig ind ḟir sin, RC xiii 258. 3 . cid fo d.¤ , BDD § 117 .

prep for dáig: conid f. d. hícca na ndóine tánic mac Dé i talam, PH 2352 .

prep im dáig: cech fatsine dorónta ... im d.¤ na geni coimdeta LB 135 b 19 .

tre dáig, 23 N 10, p. 131 .

II Conj. also written daich ( Aisl. Tond. ii 1 ), dóig, for, since, because : d.¤ ní hé féin doboing, Laws i 186. 18 . d.¤ is a ndís doroich, ib. 22 . daig aenech na damet anad, ib. 236. 12 . d.¤ at bætha cialla ban, SCC § 45. 19 . d.¤ ata som fó drochcruth, ib. 29 . 22 . d.¤ is lind imthiagat, TBC-LL¹ 425 . ib. 434 . 435 . 439 . etc. TBC-LL¹ 631 . 637 . 1923 . 2241 . 2248 . 2260 Y. d.¤ ni dernais dolcaib na décoraib friu, LL 100 b 12 . d.¤ atbíth cach fert ┐ cach lecht, 100 b 14 . d.¤ bidat gái géra, 147 a 37 . ib. 11 b 51 . 12 a 20 , 29 . 13 a 36 . 14 a 27 . 81 b 23 ( TBC-LL¹ 3072 ). 143 b 28 . 155 b 81 ( = BB 380 b 27 ). 156 a 6 . 157 a 3 . daig at garba na gætha, CRR § 6 . dóigh isam thriath for I am a lord ib. 98. 12 . dóigh cuirfed mo dá mac leo, IT ii2 129 (l. 198) . daig rofes, Rawl. 88 b 48 . cid dáig = cid fobíthin, BDD § 16 . dáig ar bíth (sic) because (see TBC-LL² 276 n. 50 ). d.¤ ar b. tongu-sa na dé da nadraim, TBC-LL¹ 1868 . ib. 55 . dáig ar bíth (sic) LL 76 a 36 = TBC-LL¹ 2461 . LU 79 a 26 TBC-LL¹ 1799. 1891 . fo dáig dogníth abairt dia sírsellad LU 129 b 43 . fo d.¤ nach sét cumung nothéiged, FB § 70 . fo d.¤ ní comrac fri seguinni, LU 90 a 16 . fodhaigh iss ésin énḟer fírén, Anecd. ii 3. 110 . AFM A.D. 1492 .

daig, ar d.¤ , fo d.¤ with co (ná) and subj. in order that (lest).

prep dáig co: d.¤ co tormolaind mo lor dona lendaib, MacCongl. 83. 11 . d.¤ co ndechtasu asin cathraig, RC ii 396 (§ 31) . d.¤ co tísedh día cobair, ZCP iv 382. 23 . d.¤ co ndechsum maroen cusin ḟlaith solusta, PH 8343 . d.¤ co ndernatis idpurta do diabul for hícc na ngalar sin, ib. 2492 . dúnaid dorus na huama d.¤ na tísat, ib. 1013 .

prep ar dáig co: ar d.¤ co tucad a mbendachtain for a noigdib, Laws v 98. 11 . ar d.¤ ná romarbtais impi, LMU § 11 . ar d.¤ co mbad and do beith a cruinniugud, Celt. Rev. iv 204 . ar d.¤ ná berad écnach Fomore, RC xii 86. 4 . ar d.¤ ná betis doentæib, LL 44 b 51 . ar daigh dodhéndais tinchealda ( = tincheadla) na ndeagaidh, BB 40 a 45 . ib. 4 b 57 . Ériu iii 138. 82 . SG 76. 6 ; 407 . TFrag. 100. 14 . Acall. 2300 . Lib. Flav. 16 b 1 . 9 ; 17 a 1 ; 49 a 1 y . ar daigh co nderbadh a gaiscidh ┐ co tormaighedh a alludh, RC x 186. 12 ; xxiv 62 § 22 .

prep fo dáig co: fo d.¤ ná digthea hi croich, PH 2419 . fo d.¤ co roissed a ainim co luath dochumm niffirn, ib. 3223 . apair frind caide a delb fo d.¤ co tucam aichne fair, ib. 1965 . fa daigh co mbeth in airdríghan...i ninudh inill, CCath. 3377 . fo d.¤ na rotubaide fria enech that no charge might be brought against his honour LU 130 a 1 . In later lang. dóig (oft. folld. by ám) for indeed Celtica xii 195-96 : doigh isat craeb-sa nar craithead fa cno-mheas, MR 294.12 . doig amh roba gaibthech in gleic sin, 258.3 . doigh amh do fortamhlaigh Art ar an athach, Ériu iii 166 § 23 . dōigh ám nírb ingnam ríghi nhĒrenn … do beith ag Finn, Fianaig. 86.10 . dóigh .i. dearbh, no deimhin, O'Cl .

dáig + con- (for relative) Ériu xx 106 : dáig concechlabat fir Hérend ┐ Alban in n-ainm sin, TBC-LL² 910 . dáig conmebdatar a carpait, 1260 . dáig concomairnectar, 4123 . Cf. dágain, dég, déighin, diäg.

dall

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dall or dil.ie/14393
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: dáll, dald, dall, dull, dall, daill, dalla, daill, dalla, dullu, dulla, dallu, dalla, dailliu, daille, dall, daille

adj o-ā, often dáll, sometimes dald ; dall (: and) LL 52 a 4 f.b . d s. m. dull, dall (dáll), f. daill. n p. m. dalla (adj.), daill (subst.). a p. dalla (adj.) ; dullu, dulla, dallu ( LB 212 a 31 ), dalla (subst.)—COMP. dailliu, mod. daille. For etymology and Gaul. cognates, see Holder 1216 , Stud. Hib. xix 42 .

I (Totally) blind. dall .i. tall a talpa , O'Mulc. 343 . dall a talpa no disell .i. cen tsuile quia est sell .i. suil, Corm. Tr. 58 . haec talpa luch dall, Ir. Gl. 249 . mac dall, IT i 39. 14 , 21 . gur bhen a rusca dé gur roibhe dall, Cóir Anm. 29 . ┐ dall clairínech éisidhe, MacCarthy 408. 8 . innistear go raibe Isáac tré arsaidhacht dall, TSh. 258. 1 . ar mbeith dall dho, ib. 22. 31 ; 255. 12 . ní feas di í féin do bheith dall, ib. 258. 8 . amlaid rogénair side ó máthair ┐ sé dall, PH 2288 (cf. 811 ). guidis...coro ṡlánaiged a mac dall bodar amlabar, ib. 1319 . voc. a hídail daill amlabair cen guth cen lámu cen cossa, ib. 1367 (cf. 1294 ). pl. uair nachdat dee...acht hídail dalla amlabra, ib. 1141 .—cless dond cless dall cless néoin FB 24 (l. 24) ; cf. dall-chless. METAPH. dalla dagairle blind to good advice Tec. Corm. 16 (l. 68) . fégad cechaen uaib nárob dall ┐ narob baccach hé iar mbésaib, PH 4666. 4671 . osa dáll a chride berid diabul leis ina eolas fén he, ib. 7755 . is dall gan radharc me soillsig meólas, Midnight court 812 . Ignorant : dobhí sé dall aineolach i dteangaidh na tíre, Keat. i 42.60 . Unprofitable : gart dall, KMMisc. 174. 18 .

II Dark, gloomy : abardall .i. abditum et dall, O'Mulc. 7 (cf. abra .i. dorcha, O'Dav. 27 ). uch in adaig dorcha dall, Add. 30. 512 , 34 b ( ACL iii 233. 7 ). ifernn...dubh dall, Lib. Flav. ii 51 a 2 . 17 . fot aidche daille dube, LL 193 b 57 . i nEgept daill, SR (Greene) 3951 . daire dall, SR 6355 . ise sin gan diamair daill : domarbh Diarmaid mac Cerbhaill, SG 72. 25 . croithis dóib dairbre ndall, IT i 108. 4 . Cf. dallcheó a thick mist: ní ro ráthaighsiot ní lá dallciach na maidne muiche, AFM vi 1936.24 . ar snaidm a cor | in dallciach do chrích Mumon, Ériu iv 226.10 . buailis an curach dá ḟleisg dhraoidheachta gur ḟág fa dhallchiach é, Each. Iol. 43.16 . METAPH. obscure, difficult to read ; dull (in sound). bíodh a ḟios ag gach aon...gurab í cíall ḟíre na taoibhe daille so don taoibh amuigh don leabhar, ALC i 6 n. deilm dub dall, LL 143 b 28 . is dall erund mani écestar dún doléir, Ériu ii 104 § 14 . is d.¤ erunn a ḟis, 124 § 65 . ib. 122 § 62 . unjustified, false (of a charge) : dall adbur noferai formsa it is a false charge you bring against me RC xiv 243. 15 . Cf. dalltaidbsiu do dóinib, LL 123 a 11 .

III o, m. and ā, f. ( Laws i 124. 22 ). A blind person. hic cecus .a. um. dall, Ir. Gl. 623 . hic cecus dall, ib. 427 . im dingbail mic...di claim di chaich di daill di anbobracht, Laws i 124. 22 ; ib. 140. 5 f.b. buidir ┐ daill durscartad co fis a ndaille ┐ a mbuidre, ib. v 156, n. 5 . dligid dalla dídin ZCP vi 261. 11 f.b. luid dald arachenn Patraic, Trip. 132. 3 . conid don dúll dorala techt sis, IT i 39. 18 . deccra daill, Metr. Dinds. iii 372. 95 ( LL 158 a 48 ). bennachais in dall clarenech co mba slána a da ṡúil, Lat. Lives 86. 3 . nírab dall ic tuus daill, ACL iii 318. 12 (cf. LB 261 a 65 ). dall a cinn daill, Lib. Flav. ii 16 a 1 . 5 f.b. nóṡlánaigedh dulla ┐ claṁa ┐ bacacha, RC xxvii 302 § 76 . an dall, gnioṁa an daill, Eg. 142 p. 170 . isé dorat a rusca don dull, PH 2287 . doralatar dóib dá dhall ar or na sliged, ib. 4409 . atconnarcsa daill ┐ baccaig...do ṡlánugud dó, ib. 2182 . daill buidir ┐ baccaig, ib. 2491 ; cf. 4399 . 4414 . 4592 . roíccais clamu ┐ dallu, ib. 1357 . roairchis Ísu dona dallaib, ib. 4416 ; cf. 2270 . 2296 . 2591 . 4413 . 4532 . 4649 . hícc clam ┐ dall, ib. 1734 . comus ṡIánaigti dall, ib. 2088 . siubhalfaidh aṁail dallaibh, TSh. 255. 14 . amal dallu nád faicet ní, LB 212 a 31 . dáll, ib. 33 .—am dáll ruccad mesi I was born blind PH 2785 , cf. duine dorugadh na dhall, Donlevy 438. 17 . mar doleighis Críost an dall, TSh. 6. 26 .

LOC. Áth Ferta in Daill, Metr. Dinds. iii 308. 63 . rotadhaill...do thigh an filidh Muiredhaigh Lesa an Doill AFM iii 178. 16 .

IV Darkness, obscurity : ni fuille forru dall ná doirche, Laws ii 272. 13 . amail dobur ndubchiach nó amail dall fedha (sic leg.) i foghamhar, CCath. 5666 . doradtsat na naeiṁ...dall ciach ettorra ┐ in slogh, RC xxvii 298. 18 . la dall ciach na camháire, Hugh Roe 62 . amal phupall bís im dall, LL 52 a 51 . Cf. mod. dubh ┐ dall na hoidhche, Dinneen .

MOD. dall, adj. and subst.: tá sé nár bhfágaint dall he is leaving us as wise as we were Seanch. 35 . ba dhall ésin ara ngaedhlainn that man was ignorant of Irish. Compar. daille (pronounced duille).

5 de

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 5 de or dil.ie/14791
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: de, dé, dæ, de, -de

prep -te, -ti added to comparatives, corresponding in sense to Lat. eo, Eng. the. Identical with 1 de, di from it, because of it. In Oir. still treated as an independent word and always written de ( dé, Wb. 22 d 2 ; dæ, Ml. 90 a 11 = de); in Mid.-Ir. wholly enclitic and written together with the comparative, the unaspirated, now intervocalic, -d- according to the rules of spelling being written -t-: córaite (Oir. córu de). -d slender at all phases of the language and never discarded (Quiggin's explanation of `a chách,' Quiggin Vorton. Wörter 34 , is wrong). Its place is immediately after the comparative, only exceptionally separated from it by an enclitic word as Ml. 23 d 23 : [im]mi ardu ni de; ib. 83 b 11 : bid étrummu doib de.

In certain points the Mid.-Ir. usage diverges from Oir. In the Glosses -de is used proleptically, referring in a general way to a cause which follows introduced by the prep. di or trí, e.g.:

A robtar erdarcu de dind ulc doratad forru they were the more famous for the evil that was inflicted on them Ml. 47 a 18 . airmi ardu ni de tri dul isna lucu arda for we are the higher for going into high places ib. 23 d 23 . is huilliu de mo ḟreiscsiu do (= di) neuch rorádis su, Thes. ii 2. 34 .

.

B (di, tri + vn. + gen.) conid étrummu dæ in bochtae...tri frescissin messa fíriéin ind ríg doib iarum so that the poverty is the lighter through their expectation of the just judgment of the king afterwards Ml. 90 a 11 . is moltaidiu de tri tabairt fortachtan cid du neuch nachidáirilli it is the more praiseworthy through giving help even to one who does not deserve it ib. 84 c 13 . ( LU 60 a 38 fri seems used in a similar way: rafetammár ém in gilla sin ┐ ní messaite fria fis is dalta dún.)

— In Mid.-Ir. the prepositional expression was completely abandoned. The usage is illustrated by the following examples.

A corresp. to A above: is moti a pian som cach olc dorónsat their suffering is the greater for the evil they have committed LU 33 b 3 . ba nertiti leis a menma na scéla adfiadar dó in gilla, SCC § 20 . is córaiti hí a fromad ima hairigthib it is the more fit for having been tested Laws ii 252. 12 . ferrdi re fer na haicdi a bith urrlum the owner of the article is the better pleased for its being ready ib. ii 414. 23 . Cf. i 152. 23 ; ii 88. 5 ; iii 418. 5 . finnaid dún in líon atám. ni meisde nech uaib a rád, Acall. 1101. 6528 . comad móti in pian dó beth beo co fotai isin croich, PH 2439 . rocumbrig Ísu in ernaigthe sea...co mbad erusaite do chách a mebrugud a beth cummair that it should be the easier to remember to every one for being short ib. 7862 .

B corresp. to B above: ni mescaiti hé in lind dól he is none the more intoxicated for having drunk the ale Laws iii 202. 6 (Oir. † ní mescu de dóul (or di óul) ind lenno dó, RC xxxvii 218 ). is bindide sian na bó a laeg do légan lé the bellowing of the cow is the more melodious for her calf being left with her ib. v 62. 19 . ib. 20 , 27 ; 40. 10 . i 138. 4 f.b. ropo móde in firt sa do dénam it was the greater for the working of this miracle (note on Broccán's Hymn), Thes. i 346. 21 . conid móti éstither riu immad erlabra do dénum that the more attention would be paid them for their much speaking PH 7840 . ni feirrde neach bás súaiṁneach dḟaghbháil ara leabaidh dhó, TSh. 236. 10 .— Sg. 2 a 7 : bith má de do buith daitsiu hi coimthecht oco it will be the greater for thy being associated in it, does not represent the Mid.-Ir. type, as do is not the possessive but the prep. di.

Often corresponding to preceding cach + subst.: cach mét donóir ṡægalta i mbía nech is móiti a guasacht the more a person possesses of worldly honour the greater his danger YBL 167 b 32 . cach airdi bias in torad bid trumaidi a thuindseom ac toitim the higher the fruit...the heavier ib. 167 b 35 ; but Mod.-Ir: dá aoirde an toradh iseadh is truime , &c. Already Laws iii 420. 3 f.b. : cach codnaidetu i mbia fer inmuillti is indligthiti cú. cach éccodnatu i mbia fer inmuillti is dligthechaiti cú the more sensible...the more unlawful, &c.

With multiplicatives: áibinniti fo deich ten times as beautiful LL 151 b 1 f.b. áigthidiu de, áigthidite the more dreaded : arimp áigthidiude, Wb. 23 d 23 . ansu de, ansaite the heavier , eo gravius: air is ansu de a dothaim mani airissedar ind lám fri talmain occo, Ml. 131 b 4 . curap andsati (v.l. ánsude), Trip. 218. 20 . ardu de, ardaite the higher : cia thés hi loc bes ardu ní ardu de, Ml. 23 d 23 . airtem .i. airdiu de indem a eiṁ fair, Laws ii 240. 1 . armad ardiu crand is móide co mór benaid na gætha fris the higher a tree is the more do the winds beat against it YBL 167 b 32 . roimpá form Finnachta ní ba airdite a ḟine, LL 308 a 22 . assu de, usaite the easier : is assu de tabairt in ferso huachtaraig, Ml. 107 c 16 . usaite le in torad dogní ó láim inn [f]uath ledb ina fiadnaisi, Laws i 152. 23 . comad usaidi do bidbaid a fagail (sc. the debts), ib. iii 152. 13 . ussaite, Fél.² xxxii 34 . bindiu de, bindite the sweeter : is bindide sian na bó a laeg do légan le, Laws v 62. 19 . buidechu de, budigiu de, budechaiti the more satisfied: tabar in deired fledi do mathib Lochlainne corop budechaiti iat, CRR 20. 8 . calmu de, calmaite the braver : is nertmairite┐ is calmaite in menma daenna, PH 4801 . córu de, córaite the more proper : is córaiti hi a fromad ima hairigthib it is the more fit for having been proved by its tests Laws ii 252. 12 . dánu de, dánaite the more audacious : co mbad dánaite tísad diabul dia aimsiugud, PH 4781 . deccru de the harder : deacraide, TSh. 257. 26 . BS 54. 10 . deissiu de: deiside the nicer, &c. P. O'C. 1531 . dligthigiu de, dligthigite , dligthechaiti the more lawful : cach éccodnatu i mbia fer inmuillti is dligthechaiti cú, Laws iii 420. 1 f.b. dligthidiu de, dligthite the more lawful : cach codnaidetu i mbia fer inmuillti is indligthiti cú, ib. 420. 2 f.b. Cf. dligite, indligite in the corresp. passage, ib. 198. 17 sq.; but dlighthighi, ii 202. 6 , dlithidhe, iii 524. 2 do not, as Atkinson thinks, contain -de. dóchu de, dóchaite the more likely : dochaite in gním do dénum dó uair adeir it is more likely that he has committed the deed for he says so Laws iii 110. 3 f.b. Lism. L. 390 b . Anecd. ii 36 § 21 . Bor. 105 . dochaidi, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 332. 15 . dothíde, Seanchaint 205 . doilgiu de, doilgite the more difficult: anscuiche .i. is doilgiti a scuchad...ó bias fola lánlóige and, Laws iii 12. 19 . duibiu de the blacker : duibhide, P. O'C. 1531 . dúthrachtachu de, -taigite the more zealous, earnest : cumad dúthrachtaigite dobérmaisne ár menmain inár nernnaigthi, PH 7849 . erdarcu de, erdarcaite the more famous Ml. 47 a 18 , quoted above. erusu de, erusaite the easier: co mbad erusaite do chách a mebrugud a beth cummair, PH 7862 . essamnu de, essamnaite the more fearless: it essamnu de ar rofitetar is, &c., Wb. 23 b 12 . étrummu de, étrumaite the lighter Ml. 90 a 11 , quoted above. dia tartaid si fortachtain doib som bid étrummu doib de, ib. 83 b 11 . ferr de the better : ciarud-chualatar ilbélre ┐ cenuslabratar nípat ferr de, Wb. 12 d 28 . bieid [ní ?] bes ferr de, ib. 32 a 13 . cumad ḟearrde áith that its strength might be the better Laws ii 240. 6 . acht ferrdi re fer na haicdi a bith urrluṁ the owner of the article is the better pleased for its being ready ib. 414. 23 . is feardi in fear sin na dána sin do chindemain aigi, v 20. 27 . nír bo measaiti seom ┐ níbot ferdi sio, YBL 112 a 48 . ferrdi a Íssa haithnisi, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 338. 3 . conid ferrde lemsa cech pian fogéb ar ainm ṅDé, PH 2427 . dá mad hé in bith uli dogébtha maille re díth tanma cá bud ḟerrde dosin, ib. 7582 . ní ferrde le Find féin scél do dénam fair, Acall. 5358 . fíriánu de the more righteous : condid f.d., Wb. 2 a 7 . fotu de the longer : faidite, Acall. 6811 . gairddiu de, gardditi the shorter : gardditi lind éistecht riss mad colléic, LL 96 b 54 . Acall. 6815 . Laws ii 216. 7 . gairdi is used in the same sense as gardditi, cf. siaiti, ib. l. 10 . giliu de the brighter : gilide, P. O'C. 1531 . imdu de, imdaite the more abundant : ut gratia habundet .i. corop imdu de duún, Wb. 3 a 12 . condib imdu de torand inna forgnúso, Sg. 198 a 4 . inducbaidiu de the more glorious : robtar i. de apud deum , Ml. 47 a 18 . irlamu de, urlamaite the readier: omnis autem qui in agone contendit ab omnibus sé abstinet .i. armbad irlamu de don buaith, Wb. 11 a 7 . is bés dósom cosc inna mban i tossug...armbat irlamude ind ḟir fo chumachte Dæi, ib. 22 c 10 . irlithiu de, irlithite the more obedient: armbat irlithiu dé mandatís dei , Wb. 22 d 2 . ísliu de the lower : íslide, Lec. 534 a 11 . lainniu de, laindite the more eager : co mbad laindite leo in forcetul do gabáil do láim, PH 6759 . lemnethu de or slemnethu de the more willing : ardislemnethu de do hícc inna fiach, Wb. 4 a 10 . lethnu de the broader : leithneide, Rel. Celt. i 159. 101 . lia de, liaiteeo plus, eo plures : hóre am essamin se precepte...is lia de creitfess, Wb. 23 b 7 . imurcruidh dáine do thiachtain do chaithiuṁ in bídh célsine uair nocha liauite in biad...cia beth, &c., for the food is not the more plentiful though, &c., Laws ii 28. 17 . luathu de, luathaite the quicker: is airi doníthar in tréiniugadh so orra comad luathaide dosoisdís a féich dḟeichemain toichida, Laws iii 152. 12 . lugu de, lugaiteeo minus : ní lughaiti dlighes in gairi do dénuṁ they are not the less bound to undertake the maintenance Laws ii 192. 5 . noco lugaite smacht ná díre in coma bith indligedh, ib. iii 418. 5 . cé beith nech...noco lugaiti dligus a fochraic díc ris, iv 48. 24 . nuchu lugaidi is grád hé céli do beth aigi, v 40. 10 . dothéged Étáin cach dia dia athreos ┐ ba lugaide a galar som ón do suidiu, TE § 9 LU. rodígaib a thuara ┐ nírbo lugaide a nert Lugdach, Thes. ii 344. 29 . is aire roartraig in taingel hi ṅgné solais in tṡnechta comad lugaiti nobídgtis na banscala riana ḟacsin, PH 3384 . co mbad lugaide, ib. 5207 . (rotescad a tengaid) arái ní lugati dogníd sum forcetul in popuil inní sin, ib. 2549 . scarad cuirp ┐ anma ┐ ni lugaite marus in tanumm, ib. 7480 . mailliu de, maillite the slower : is gnáth mirr do thabairt im chorpaib dóine i nadnocul conid maillite thinaid, PH 7023 . mescu de, mescaite the more intoxicated: noco mescaiti hé in lind dól, Laws iii 202. 6 . messa de, mesaite, meiste, miste the worse. messude, Trip. 218. 9 Eg. mesaidie: cia...nir uó m., IT i 109. 6 . messaite: rafetammar in gillu sin ┐ ní m. fria fis is dalta dún, LU 60 a 38 . mesaite LU 54 a 17 . messaiti, SR 1244 . LL 106 b d . measaiti YBL 112 a 48 . SG 70. 24 . mesaidi FDG. MR 14. 22 . meisti: is m. lóg a roind, Laws iii 462. 17 , 19 .; ib. 478. 24 . mana derntai...bud meisti dáibh, RC xiv 56 . CRR 20 § 14 . cá bud ḟerrdi ┐ cá bud mesti, PH 7582 . ní meisde nech uaib (a rád), SG 118. 25 . miste, ib. 97. 35 . misde: is m. nár bhuan a leithéit, Atlantis iv 226. 4 .—Cf. messa s.v. olc. moltaidiu de the more praiseworthy: is m. d. tri tabairt fortachtan, Ml. 84 c 13 . móo de, móite eo maior, eo maius. móo de, Wb. 2 a 8a . SCC § 10 . mou de, Ml. 53 c 13 . moaide Laws ii 404. 11 . mouite, ii 22. 1 . moaite, ii 202. 1 . mó de, Wb. 29 c 4 . mode, Thes. ii 346. 27 . bith má de eo maius erit Sg. 2 a 7 . maiti, Trip. 114. 22 . cumud móite, Laws ii 22. 17 . noco moite, iii 406. 7 f.b. ba mote, LU 121 b 33 . móti, LL 206 a 21 . PH p. 806 b . bid moti bas trén mo scél, LU 119 b 3 . nucu moiti, Laws ii 414. 2 . móide, ML 40. 9 . moide, Laws ii 88. 5 . moidi, ib. 350. 18 . YBL 158 a 46 ; 167 b 32 .—Cf. mór. nertaidiu de the stronger : nertiti, SCC § 20 . nertmairite the stronger : is nertmairite ┐ is calmaite in menma daenna, PH 4801 . óibindiu de, áibinnite the more beautiful : is áibinniti fo deich, LL 151 b 1 f.b. prapaiti the quicker : comad prapaidi noḟoirbred, Lec. 441 b 35 . sia de, siaite the longer: condib sia de, Sg. 201 b 16 . siaiti, Laws ii 216. 10 . is siaidi a anad, ib. i 282. 43 . siaide, MR 318. 17 . siauite, Laws ii 28. 18 ; 114. 5 . socomlu de, socomlaite the easier : co mbad tṡoccomlaite do Ísu marcachus do dénum, PH 4455 . soimbertu de the more easily plied: bennachais Patraic na iarnu comdar s.d. (v.l. soimberta de), Trip. 218. 21 . soirthiu de, soirthite the easier: s.d. in labrad di, &c., the easier is the pronunciation from, &c., Sg. 15 a 4 . suthnu de, suthnaiti lasting the longer Lec. 441 b 37 . tanu de, tanaite the thinner : á sémigud co mbí tanu de, Ml. 34 a 27 . tressa de, tressaite the stronger : co mbad t.d. hiress apstal do fulung tribulationum, Wb. 25 a 14 . Mid.-Ir. treisidi, TBC-LL¹ 2484 Y. trummu de, trumaite the heavier : trummute, Lism. L. ix 13 LL (trumaidi, Lism.). cach airdi bias in torad bid trumaidi a thuindseom oc toitim, YBL 167 b 34 . tromaide, AFM 1768. 19 . truimite, Acall. 5152 . uilliu de, uillite the greater : Thes. ii 2. 34 . uilliti hé in dá sreith do beth air, Laws i 138. 4 f.b. iv 34. 29 .

MOD. Suffixed to any adjective: ní folláinede madra marbh é bheith san uisge glan. Ní milsede an domblas é bheith i nárthach airgid. Níor ṁeasa do dhuine rud do ghearrfadh a sgórnach ná sgian óir. Aran gcuma gcéadna ní folláinede ┐ ní milsede ┐ ní macántaide sgéal neaṁcháidh é bheith dá innsint i ngaedhilg uasail, P. O'Leary GJ vi 110 . Other comparatives from the mod. literary period are deiside, gilide, giorraide, liaide, siaide, teoide, usaide. —But in the spoken language usually confined to a small number of adjectives. Very common are fearrde, miste, móide (q.v.), idiomatically used with the copula and the prepositions la and do. The original sense has been obscured and as a living comparative particle -de seems obsolete.

1 do

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 do or dil.ie/17096

 

Forms: dond, donaib, dunaib, donab, dona, dond, donaibhí, dunaibh, donahí, dom, domsa, damsa, duit, dait, deit, det, dit, duid, daid, duitt, duitsiu, deitsiu, detsiu, détso, detsi, dutsi, d, do, dóu, dou, dáu, dossom, dosom, d, di, díi, disi, dúnn, dunn, duún, dúun, dún, dun, duin, dú(i)nn, dúnni, dunni, dúni, dúinniu, dúnai, dúib, duib, duíb, dib, dib, daoibh, dúibsi, dúbsi, dóib, doib, duaib, dáib, doaib, doibsom, dom, dum, dot, dut, dot, dod, do, do, dia, doa, diar, dear, dar, dia n-, doa n-, dua, dá, dia n-, da, dona, donach, do

prep. with dat., leniting (see GOI §§ 435 . 832 ).

Forms: do (usual at all periods); du often in O.Ir., Wb. 5c14 , 33b6 ; Ml. 15a16 , 16a7 , 90a7 , b13 ; Acr. 13b3 ; Thes. ii 240.16 , 241.4 , 242.10 (Ardm.), 294.4 ( SP ii 16 ), 45.29 ; du Chaissil, AU 714 ; du for fogail, SCC § 13 . dó, Ml. 15d3 . dú, Wb. 5d19 .

In Mid and early Mod. Ir. often da, dá, esp. before cech: da cech tráth, LB 261b38 ; dá cech duine, PH 3985 ; dá bar n-óid, 5963 ; da gach nduine, Keat. iii 2087 (poem).

Vowel generally elided before vowel of f: d'agbáil, SCC § 29 . d'is cech réta, § 32 ( do facbail, Laws iv 206.14 ; do foghnumh, 250.6 Comm. ).

Freq. confused with 1 de, di, q.v.

With article: sg. dond irsolcoth, Wb. 22d27 . dond lethtomus, BCr. 31b3 . dund fercach, Ml. 22d13 . Thes. i 498.21 (Ardm.). dund insi, SCC § 17 . dunt foirbthetaid, Ml. 14c8 . dunt imluad, 15a17 . don chomursain, PH 2748 . don fhairind, 4959 . pl. donaib, Wb. 7b1 , Sg. 69b7 . dunaib, Acr. 8a2 . Thes. i 497.16 (Ardm.). dundaib (archaic), Thes. ii 247.12 ( Cambr. 38a ). donab, 33.28 . Mid. and mod. Ir. dona.

With art. and í: dond, Wb. 3c31 . pl. donaibhí, Sg. 156b7 . dunaibh, Wb. 2c10 . donahí, Ml. 46c7 .

With pron. suff.: 1 s. dom (usual in Wb. and Sg.), dam (in Ml.). domsa, Wb. 3c33 , etc. damsa, TBC-LL¹ 1110 . 2 s. duit (usual in Wb. and Sg.). dait common in Ml., TBC-I¹ 1056 , 1209 , 1334 (LU). deit, Wb. 6a11 , 12 ; 28d15 , etc. LL 275a50 . det, Wb. 5b29 . dit, 5b32 . Sg. 179a4 . TBC-I¹ 1056 , 1209 , 1334 (YBL). duid, TBC-I¹ 531 . daid, 1042 (YBL). duitt, PH 7915 . duitsiu, Wb. 6b14 . deitsiu, 30a8 . detsiu, 32c12 . détso, 6c7 . detsi, IT i 130.27 . dutsi, PH 4092 . 3 s. m. and n. commonly d, Wb. 1c12 ; 1d20 , etc. do, 2a2 ; 2c6 , etc. dóu, Trip. 218.24 . dou, Todd Lect. vi 57.10 . dáu, Trip.² 2862 . Trip. 338.22 . Thes. ii 294.3 ( SP ii 15 ). With emphasizing part. vowel usually short: dossom, Wb. 6d10 ; 9d8 . dosom, 3b7 , etc., Ml. 14a4 . f. d, Wb. 11c13 , etc. di, 7b3 . díi, Fél. 4.9 . With emphasizing part.: disi, ACL iii 309.10 . 1 p. dúnn, Wb. 2d13 ; 25c9 , etc. dunn, 26b1 . duún, 3a12 ; 4b10 ; 25c10 . dúun, 4b11 ; 10c21 . dún, 14c8 ; 20d15 , etc. dun, 14c9 . duin, FB § 49 . In later lang. dú(i)nn. With emphasizing part.: dúnni, Wb. 1a3 ; 3c15 . dunni, Ml. 110d12 , 13 . dúni, 121b13 . dúinniu, IT i 129.2 . dúnai (: clūdhai), ACL iii 298 § 58 . 2 p. dúib, Wb. 3b8 , 12 ; 6c25 , etc. duib, 13b3 ; 33b8 . duíb, 24a26 . In Mid. Ir. also dib, PH 761 , 1075 ; dib, 1433 . In later lang. daoibh. With emphasizing part.: dúibsi, Wb. 3b13 . dúbsi, 15d8 (a prima manu). 3 p. dóib, Wb. 6c24 ; 30d8 , etc. doib, 1d6 ; 12b2 . duaib, Thes. ii 238.13 ; 240.17 (Ardm.). dáib, PH 7392 . doaib, Sg. 50a3 . AU 687 , 797 . SR 7272 (sic leg.). With emphasizing part.: doibsom, Wb. 13a31 . ¤sem, 28d19 .

With poss. 1 s. dom: dum, Thes. ii 241.12 ; dumm imdídnaad, 13 . 2 s. dot: dut, Ml. 2d5 . Mid. Ir. dot, dod, do do. 3 s. dia; doa, Anecd. iii 48.5 ; 58.9 . 1 p. diar, Wb. 2d2 . dear (archaic), Thes. ii 245.8 (Cambr.) Mid.Ir. also dar: dár ṅdeeb-ni, PH 709 . 2 p. do far fírianugud, Wb. 3b27 . do bor mbrethugud, FB § 57 . do bar taig, SR 4829 . dia bhar saighidh, BNnÉ 303 § 12 . 3 p. dia n-. doa n-, Fianaig. 34.12 . Mon. Tall. § 59 , 62 . dua, RC xi 452.141 . Later also dá. See ZCP xxiv 227 ; xxv 254 .

With rel. dia n-: indí dia ruchretsid-si, Wb. 8c11 . intí dia ndílgid-si, 14d24 . secht mbráthre dia mbo . . . carcar, Fél. July 10 . dua mberar, Mon. Tall. § 11 . See 1 is. Mid. Ir. also da (dá): dontí da tucus, IT i 124.22 . With neg. dona, donach: dona-robu gnath, Ml. 129d3 . fer . . . dunar-ructhae act oentuistiu, Thes. ii 241.9 (Ardm.). do nach bis on to him who has it not, Laws iv 240 .

With alaile (araile): dialailiu, Ml. 87d13 . IT i 67.8 . díarailiu, FB § 55 . diaroli fir, PH 1483 .

To, for, etc. Used in O.Ir. Glosses (a) to translate Lat. ad, Wb. 3b14 ; 30d10 ; 16b5 (cid do uáir gl. etsi ad horam, the Lat. being literally translated), Tur. 35 . Ml. 15a16 ; 16a8 . Sg. 3b30 ; 67b10 ; 188a18 ; 217a7 . Thes. i 498.23 . (b) to render a dat., Wb. 9b8 ; 18c2 ; 28a5 . Ml. 2d10 ; 15b8b ; 17c11 . Sg. 20a6 ; 41b12 ; 69b7 ; 193a3 ; 209b6 ; 214a3 . Acr. 8a2 ; 13b3 . PCr. 65b2 . Thes. ii 34.29 ; cf. Caeur .i. do Chaieur (Cáieur being explained as dat. of Cáier), Corm. Y 698 . Hence:

A Introducing the terminus ad quem; in phrases expressing purpose, etc.

I Of destination after vbs. of motion, etc.: cumtach don fothu building to the foundation, Wb. 8c18 . téicht do Róim, Thes. ii 296.3 . lotar dia crích, FB § 56 . eirg dot thoigh, BS 44 . ho persin do persin, Sg. 209b12 . o thír do thír, SR 6835 . a inad d'inad, Laws iv 36.12 . With ellipse of vb. of motion: co cúalatar culgaire carpait dund insi (coming) to the island, SCC § 17 . Hence with pron. 3 s. n. expressing motion, see 2 dó. With abstracts: massu thol atomaig do that drives me to it, Wb. 10d26 . adcuiretar do hógi they return to integrity, Sg. 73b2 . Similarly in expressions like téit do applies to, téit do láim, gaibid do láim; dabeir d'a óid, etc. (see 1 téit, gaibid, lám, etc.).

II With follg. vn. in phrases expressing purpose.

(a) Prec. by vb.: is do immarchor chóre dotíagat it is to carry peace they come, Wb. 5a5 . todiusgadar ind anim do dénum maith, 5c18 . ní du for fogail dodeochammar-ni, SCC § 13 . dul d'fhios na sagart dá nglanadh, TSh. 375 . Cf. further: indíi adchobra-som do hícc those whom he desires to save, Wb. 28b1 . cid comarlecther foraib do daul immach that leave should be given them to go out, Mon. Tall. § 53 .

In prayers, wishes, etc., with ellipsis of vb.: Día dom chobair ar cech ṅguasacht (may) God (come) to my aid, Hy. vi 3 . cíall Dé dom imthus, Thes. ii 356.8 . dó (do +3 s. neut. pron.) to that end, for that purpose , anticipating a follg. vn. or clause or referring to a foregoing one: is do arroiéit-sa gratiam, do precept do chách, Wb. 6d14 . dó dobreth biad la Duid, | dia nertad, SR 6450 . acht má dothisad Arddrí secht nime dó ní reg-sa I will not go though . . . should come to force me, Trip.² 1355 . is do dodeochadsa . . . con-écius duib a scel-sa, Ériu ii 104 .

(b) Prec. by noun: dliged remdeicsen do dechrugud etir maithi ┐ ulcu a law of providence to distinguish between good and bad, Ml. 19d2 . huare nád robatar suin do shlund in dúildetad, Sg. 45b1 . nidat uain dia n-airlegunn thou hast no leisure to read them, Anecd. v 2 .

(c) Prec. by adj.: irlaim do dul bais, Wb. 16a3 . gilla comadas do faire dūine ríg, FB § 89 . is saidbir in spirut nóeb do thídnocul cecha maithiusa, PH 5454 . ni bfuil rí . . . is fearr do thabairt tuarustail, Ériu viii 136 . Cf. also: batar inricci du báas worthy of death, Wb. 5c14 .

III In follg. in sense of Eng. as (lit. for the purpose of being, to serve as): bíid-son do thogarthid this then is (for) a vocative, Sg. 78a2 . pauper laṡuide do fhemun he regards p. as a feminine, 64b5 . bíit a triur do anmaim ind eiúin gl. vultur et vulturus et vulturius, 93a2 . non fit do anmimm díles, 31b21 . conid riagolda caro dond ainmmnid c. is regular as the nominative, 93b5 ; 104b5 . mōrthar occa Cathluain . . . do rig foraibh, Todd Nenn. 140 . daine chaithit do biudh they eat human beings as food, RC xxxiv 308 . ó taoi dam' iarraidh d'óglách since you want me for a servant, A. Ó Dálaigh l 16 .

IV With vn. to express the idea of entering upon or continuing in a state or action: a mbátar do lepthugud when they were (on the point of?) going to bed IT i 67 . cid 'mo atai diar lenamuin? why art thou pursuing us? SR 1722 . mun beith cailleach an mhuilinn d'atach Christ frim, BS 122 . Impers.: do muintir in fhir atathar do crochad, PH 3172 . Used redundantly: int Ísu oc a raba Hiruath d'iarraid, 2841 . in banliccerd occatathar d'iarraid, Anecd. iv p. xvi = oc atathar cuingidh, p. 93 .

With poss. in passive sense: an uair bhíos dá chor amach when he is being evicted, TSh. 794 . go raibhe dá ilchéasadh so that he was being tortured, 564 .

V The construction subst. + do + vn. In sentences of the type (a) ansu liumsa ind oís anechtir dia fius it is more grievous to me that the outland folk should know it, Wb. 16d12 (where ind oís is virtual subject of the vn.) and (b) ní date leu in coimdiu do crochad it is not agreeable to them that the Lord was crucified (lit. to crucify the Lord), 8a6 (where in coimdiu is virtual object of the vn.), the O.Ir. construction is identical; in both sentences the case of the nouns oís , coimdiu is determined by their syntactical relation to the whole sentence, that of subject, while do + vn. stands in syntactical relation not to the whole sentence but to the noun, its function being that of a gerund. Similarly in the sentence: cocarad chaingnimu du denum he loved to do good deeds, Ml. 14a8 , the subst. caingnímu is the object of the sentence while du denum has the meaning for the doing, to be done. Exceptions are, however, frequent, see below. In each of the sections 1-4 the subsection (a) consists of exx. where the subst. is the virtual subject of the vn., (b) of exx. where it is the virtual object.

1 Subst. is subject of the whole sentence and therefore nom. case.

(a) dofórmaich fochricc dosom sochude do creittim tria precept that a multitude has believed through his preaching increaseth the reward for him, Wb. 1b5 . issed as brig la Dia menmae do biuth hi figraib that the mind should be in the symbols, Thes. ii 255.13 . saoth lem int aos leigind do dul ind ifern, ZCP viii 470 . ba lonn lais in mnai cuil do bith oc Hiruath he was indignant that the adulteress should be with H., PH 861 . (Infl. of Lat. accus. and infin. constr.?)

(b) is maith int óis éula do accaldam, Wb. 3c4 . is bésad leusom in fid do thóbu, 5b42 . nipu techta in briathar diadhai . . . do scriphund ind oenluc, Hib. Min. 96 . is cóir ind almsu do thabairt, PH 6136 . With accus. of subst. (in first two exx. perh. dat. for nom.): is ferr dó in almsain do thabairt, PH 4969 (= melius est elimosinam dare, LB 47b55 ). dlegar dínn ar n-imcaissin do thimorcain, PH 6870 . ba machtnadh lasna Felistindaibh na fioru nomarbdais d'faicsin do cathughadh friu, Leb. Gab.(i) 146 .

2 Subst. as object of sentence (rarer in O.Ir.).

(a) nisn-águr dom díchill I do not fear that they will neglect me, Hy. v 105 . rocúala in n-eress cetna do fhorbairt, Thes. ii 311 . ni fitir in mnai dia brath he knew not that the woman was betraying him, SR 3207 . rocuala Sattan in uli noemu do shubugud, PH 3819 . With nom. for accus.: cuirfid [diabul] na boill d'fhognum do fén, 7799 . atfét Lucás aingil do thidecht do nim, 3043 .

(b) cocarad chaingnimu du denum, Ml. 14a8 . itconnacabar bar náimtiu do bádud, PH 1713 . forcongair D. cnamu do thabairt hi cuthi, 1219 . With nom. for accus.: atbert fria múintir int apstal do thuarcain, PH 2141 . atbert Ner na hapstail do cúibrech, 1858 . atcondairc-som ind figeill . . . do dílgud, Mon. Tall. § 22 .

3 Subst. is governed by a prep.

(a) for riaguil do buith isnaib anmanaib-se dotėt híc he touches on the fact that there is a rule, Sg. 108a3 . fre terci . . . do tecmung, Mon. Tall. § 12 .

(b) hua anmmaim ailiu do thórmuch friss, Sg. 30b4 . Cain Patraic . . . cen chleirciu do marbad, Thes. ii 306 . tria doirse . . . na cathrach do forbrissiud, SR 5348 . ar meisge ó chaoraibh na fíneamhna d'ithe, TSh. 8421 .

4 Subst. in genitive relation to sentence.

(a) cui[n]chid flaithiusa Dé do thuidecht, PH 7907 .

(b) cen imcabáil `cum nobis' do epirt, Sg. 203a8 . ruc leis tásc a muintiri do marbad do E., FB § 69 . tar cend cissa ┐ indmussa do thabairt do, PH 51 . ré linn choróine do chur ar an impire, TSh. 661 .

5 The construction subst. + do + vn. may be used absolutely with force of the Lat. gerundive: ind .u. do accomol frisin fers ṅdédenach the `u' is to be added, Sg. 136a2 . um do glanad i nderiud ferso `um' is to be elided, 136a1 . Hence in continuation of prec. clause: dia n-oscailter in chomla sa ┐ diabul do ligad istech if . . . and the devil be admitted, PH 7797 . is mairg thic annsa saegul-sa ┐ na huilc-si do thecht trit, 7791 .

6 Subst. + do + vn. replacing finite tenses (esp. in annals): Góidil immorro do rad dib o Goediul Glas they are called G., Thes. ii 316 . Lugaig du gabail rige nErenn took the kingship of Ireland, MacCarthy 306 . bellum do madhmaim for hU Fiachrach, AU 815 .

B Introducing a dative.

I Introducing indirect object (generally name of a person).

(a) With trans. vbs. denoting giving, granting, assigning, offering, etc.: do-beir, daimid, do-indnaig, dálaid etc. (see under individual vbs.). With vbs. of telling, revealing, promising, etc.: in-fét (ad-fét), as-indet, (Mid. Ir. indissid), do-adbat, do-airchain, etc. Under the same head may be placed cases like: hore doninfedam etargne Crist do chách we inspire in all, Wb. 14d32 ; do Christ cachain ailli unto C. he sang praise, Fél. Apr. 26 . Exceptionally with as-beir says: asbert G. do na feoldenmaigib, PH 1432 . With vbs. of ordering, commanding, advising, etc.: lasse forcongur fírinni dúib, Wb. 19d25 . rohordaig in guth dona nemdaib, SR 606 . ro erb don mac mebrugud a aiccepta, Fél. p. 12 . molaid do advises (but molaid + acc. praises ). With vbs.of forgiving, remitting: dorolaig Dia do in n-uaill dorigni, Ml. 50d15 . romaith C. a dá trían . . . dá thigernu, LL 111b40 ( RC xiv 430 ). With vbs. of asking, entreating, praying, etc.: frecre do neoch immechomarcar duit, Sg. 197b10 . condartin do arrogáid dom what he asked of me, 209b26 . cech ní rochuinges do Dia, Thes. ii 318.39 . With vbs. of ascribing, referring, imputing, etc.: a n-adruirmed do Abracham what has been reckoned unto A., Wb. 2d7 . duaisilbi do a scribend, Thes. ii 225.28 . So also with as-beir ascribes; assigns (a name), calls: asbeir-som a n-accobor don spirut, Wb. 4b3 . ní eperr acht hilar dóib do-gres (referring to Gemini), Sg. 73a11 . is airi asberthe emisarius don buc the goat was called `emissarius', Tur. 110e . Similarly with vbs. of naming, gairmid, ainmnigid. With vbs. of allowing: issamlid léicfimmi-ni doibsom aisndis, Ml. 14d10 . nir fulaing d'ēnduine a glacudh, ZCP ix 248 . With vbs. of causing, doing (someth. to someone): imfolngi comrorcain do sochaidi, Ml. 56b9 . dogní trumai ndo causes heaviness to it, 20a19 . Of comparing, adapting, etc.: ithé sidi conṅdelggaddar do persanaib, Sg. 39a11 . dligid is entitled to takes do (later de) of pers. (see dligid).

(b) Freq. in intrans. constr. with vbs. denoting to serve, yield, obey; rule; oppose, injure, offend; satisfy, please; believe, trust; thank (atluchedar buide); assent; greet; answer, correspond; suit; indulge, spare, pity, etc.; deny, refuse (a number of these verbs show other constructions also, see s.v.): bad dú Dia fognem gl. Domino servientes, Wb. 5d19 . roirladigsetar genti do hiriss, 7c16 . sléchtid Isserninus du Pátricc, Thes. ii 241 . Currech Life . . . is terc rí dia rodamain to whom he yielded, Metr. Dinds. iii 234 . tigernaigit ┐ follamnaigit do na cóic gradaib, PH 6242 . cor urchoidigh a truma dóibh, CCath. 2075 . manu toltnaiged do, Sg. 72b6 . rochreitset do precept, Wb. 24d23 . atluchur do Dia, 3b19 . an olcc dia cocéitbani to which thou consentest, 1c10 . co robennach cach díb dia chele, Thes. ii 335 . frisgair in testemin-se dondaib dligedaib, Sg. 193b6 . immidaircet do Christ which are appropriate to C., Ml. 2d4 . arcessi do neoch bes meldach less, Wb. 4c19 . dlomis Fíacc dóib, Thes. ii 242 . Also with vbs. of happening, befalling, meeting, etc. , including certain cases of intrans. vbs. of motion: ni do cach brethir tecming persona not all vbs. have personal inflection, Sg. 161a1 . is ann dorala dosom a denam, Thes. ii 299 . amal forcoémnacair do Loegairiu, FB § 83 . doroacht saegul sír damsa, Ériu iv 132 . intan tanic dó lobrai, Thes. ii 318 .

(c) With many adjs. and abstracts denoting proximity, likeness, equality, identity and their opposites; relationship; figurative relations (fitness, propriety, possession, etc.) and feelings (in sense towards, Lat. erga). In many cases it is hard to decide whether the ex. belongs to this or the following section (II): is nesa do geintib, Wb. 2b17 . fri praenomen cosmail do, Sg. 28a15 . is cotarsne don dúalig in sualig, Wb. 9b8 . immar-bdais meic dó, PH 4097 . húere atta mbrāthir dūnd since they are kinsmen of ours, ZCP viii 316 . combat irlithi geinti do hiriss obedient to the faith, Wb. 7c14 . is do is dír anní is psalmus , Hib. Min. 281 . is foluss dún it is evident to us, Sg. 40b14 . rop trócar rí nime dún, Hy. vi 23 . do bhádar cennsa do Chiarán, SG 3 . serc Dǽ dúibsi et for serc-si do Dia `God's love to you' (rather your love for God, etc. , see III (c) below), Wb. 18b21 . is miscuis do Dia, 3d33 . écennais . . . do na pecdachaib, PH 3478 . do marbadh iad ó esgcáirdib dhóib by enemies of theirs, SG 7 .

(d) After certain interjections: monuar dhamh, BS 40 . ach ach do ail alas for the stone! LL 181a32 . ach do phéin, ACL iii 236 § 10 . uch d'aithis, LB 106b57 . uchachan . . . don gabad fil ar mo chinn, ACL iii 233 . fochen duit a Loig, SCC § 16 (cf. fochen Conall . . . fochen Cet, IT i 103 , 104 ). mochen duib, IT i 99 .

II Introducing the person (or thing) interested in an action, state, event, or circumstance.

1 Dat. of interest in strict sense (including the dativus commodi vel incommodi) after vbs., substantives, and adjs.

(a) fo besad fir trebuir crenas tíir dia chlaind, Wb. 29d23 . condaig indocbáil dia thigerni et non sibi ipsi , 8d20 . roshuidig . . . manistir dó (= sibi monasterium conlocavit), Lat. Lives 91 . tafnetar coin alta dí wolves hunted (it) for her, Hy. v 60 . ni accim maith dúib I see no good for you, TBC-LL¹ 1780 . noco treciub duit . . . immāin tāna bó Cualṅge I will not abandon for thy sake, 1661 . dona hurtroighib rodolba Banba do macaib Miled which B. fashioned for (= against) the sons of M., Corm. Y 949 (dat. incomm.). nech diuscai debuith dia brathair who stirs up mischief against, Ériu vii 162 . cuimnigidh . . . do clandaibh Cuinn a n-anuabhar remember against, ZCP xiv 229 .

Freq. with parts of body, somet. in combination with a poss. pron.: ní forroim cid drisiuc for toind dó, TBC-I¹ 1206 . co rogab sonn in dúne dóib dar sróin, Metr. Dinds. iii 82 . gebid dúrna dar a gnúis dó, PH 2331 .

The dat. incommodi is freq. after vbs. (both trans. and intrans.) denoting a hostile movement, attack, etc.: dosleic dóib he shoots at them, SCC § 7 . focherd N. aurchor dó, TBC-I¹ 1292 . rodibairg in ngai dó, RC iii 178 . atraig cech fer di alailiu, IT i 67 . dús in fagbad . . . taidbsiu (leg. taidbsin?) do thir na talmain, SR 2584 , cf. 5823 . mairfit Ulaid a mblechtach do gressaib ┐ glammaib . . . dar cend a n-enig the U. will kill their milch-kine (to ward off) attacks and lampoons (in Folge von Beleidigungen und Satiren, Wind.), TBC-LL¹ 1737 .

(b) After nouns and adjs.: rop ámm tusmeda do mnái in rig, Lat. Lives 66 . oénach diar n-ócaib a gathering-place for our youths, Metr. Dinds. ii 80 . lx bliadan robo lān do Patraic, Thes. ii 313 . ba terc cach n-adbar dó, Imr. Brain i 52 . in lám is dílmain dom my disengaged hand, Fél. p. 200 . Esp. after a subst. employed as pred. with the copula: sóire do chách ar sóire-ni, Wb. 14b11 . togu damsa aní sin, Thes. ii 225.18 . issi in bānmartre du duiniu, 247 . ní lesainm dait Cuculaind, FB § 11 . anas muir glan don nói . . . is mag meld . . . damsa, Imr. Brain § 34 .

Note also: attroilli dúnn delegi (= diligi) a nobis he deserves of us to be loved by us, Wb. 2d13 . is doib-sin rochan in senchaid of them the shanachie has sung, Fianaig. 4 . sir in baile . . . don litin search the town for the porridge, SG 243 . do bhatur . . . ag iarraidh Erenn do scela Tana, ZCP ix 244 . atcondairc-siom ind figeill . . . do dílgud i Tamlachti do Chaindech excused for (in honour of) C., Mon. Tall. § 22 .

2 After the copula folld. by an adj. or abstract denoting what is desirable, advantageous, usual, fit, lawful, right, indifferent, necessary, etc. , or the reverse, for a person, the virtual subject being generally a vn., infinitive phrase or clause, e.g. is áil (maith, olc, mairg, bés, gnáth, cet, cóir, dliged, geiss, cumme, écen, etc.) dó; further in a variety of expressions such as: is fír (gó) dó; is cian (éim, fota, mithid) dó. For exx. see these words, and cf. further: nír fhírda dó dul don chath, SR 6903 . ba féliu duit th'immfholuch oldás teiched it were nobler for you to hide yourself, TBC-LL¹ 1973 . is col dúin dia foirglem it is a sin for us to assert it, Fél. Ep. 98 . cathugud ceilgi as clē dūind, ACL iii 327 § 30 . ni hidan lais dondhí da taberr a thaechtad he does not consider it clean dealing for the person . . . to keep it, Mon. Tall. § 41 . Contrast: is maith dom it is good for me with is m. limm I deem it a good thing: is lesc lim-sa inní sin, bar C., teiched ria n-oenfer . . . Ni lesc ám duit-siu ón, bar F., dáig techfet-sa remut-su, TBC-LL¹ 2875 . ní ba fochen leu a forcital the teaching will not be welcome to them, Wb. 30d7 . is fochen dóib they are welcome, IT i 99 . is ced dó a bith marb masa ced ra Dia let him die (lit. he has leave to die) if God permits, Moling § 62 . in annso is áil duit airisiumh? — Massedh as áil le Dia, as ann, BNnÉ 17 § 30 . in tol damsa . . . anadh sunn? is it (God's) will for me to remain here? 79 § 152 .

3 Used as the Lat. dativus ethicus (dative of pers. interested in a statement) with an imperative; only with pronouns: an dún we pray thee to wait, CRR § 6 . apair dam fri mac Saráin, Ériu iii 96 § 1 . teilg-su dún orchur forru, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 32 . ling dūinn lēim dona lēimennuibh sin rolingthea, BS 62 .

4 Used with subst. vb. to denote loosely possession, appurtenances, etc. ; freq. with an adv. of place, in which case it is hardly to be distinguished from cases given under II 1 (a) above: issed file do hodie this is (the form) it has at present, Sg. 140a3 . ataat ilsenman dosuidiu it has many sounds, Wb. 12c46 . dechor inna pían bete donaib pecthachaib, 13c26 . fail a mor-abba dam I have good cause, TBC-LL¹ 219 . ni bia tarba do draidechta duit, PH 2187 . ni be mundteras dó fri banscala let him have no friendship with women, Mon. Tall. § 61 . Exceptionally with copula: ? combed doib foraithmet bed torbach that there should be to them a profitable recollection, Ml. 23a2 . bid duit rige Lagen co brath, Thes. ii 341.19 . céinmair dia mba findchride, Imr. Brain § 28 .

5 With subst. vb. in the idiom: atú dó I am concerned with him, have to deal with him, generally with hostile significance I am angry with him, have something against him; oft. in impers. constr.: ished inso romboth dossom that is why they were angry with him, Wb. 19a9 , cf. 5b31 . is hed dathar dún gl. maledicimur quod speramus, 28d4 , cf. 21c9 . ni nach cin aile notaid dom it is for no other fault you are hostile to me, 19d26 . cid tai-siu don mac? what have you against the lad? TBC-LL¹ 1041 , cf. 940 , 1144 . rohinnisedh dó in fāth 'ma rabas dó, Moling § 51 . cidh 'ma bfuile damh?, ZCP x 10 . tacram a scel . . . atái dam `the matter with which thou reproachest me', Ériu vii 225 . The idiom: cid di atái? what ails thee? LL 202a9 , where do is used with neut. rel. pron., may perhaps rather be explained as an elliptical construction under the head A II; as also the later idiom: gá táim dó (why should I dwell on it?): furtacht Banba . . . gá ttá mé dho . . . ag so an té dar tairrngireadh, 3 C 3, 633.11 .

6 Used with ellipse of copula in the interrogation cid dó . . . ? why (does) he . . . ? (lit. what is it to him? with emphasis on pron.): cid dait gan a gabail aní gabas cách? why dost thou not take . . . ? TBC-LL¹ 3042 . cid dún can techt i n-agid Conculaind? why should we not go? TBC-I¹ 1484 (LU). cid duit mo ṡarugadh-sa do dhenamh?, ZCP viii 553 . cid dait-siu ná bad lat in curathmír why shouldst not thou have the champion's bit? FB § 8 .

7 Often used in impers. constr. after the copula to introduce the virtual subj. when the predicate is (a) an adverbial expression, or somet. (b) an adj., or (c) an interrog. adv.

(a) ní úainni duib-si ye are not from us, Wb. 18b9 . ní i n-óen diaithir doib they are not in one orbit, BCr. 18d5 . fora fóessam dún may we be under their protection, Hy. v 106 . bá doigh leo comad a sídib di, TE § 5 ( IT i 120 ). fa righ ┐ sagart Melcisideic ┐ mar an gceudna do Chríost, Eochairsg. 26 . Especially after DE followed by noun in pl. to denote class to which the virtual subject belongs (see Bergin, Ériu xi 149 ): de Iudéib do Barnaip, di geintib do Thit B. was a Jew, T. a Gentile, Wb. 18d6 . di Grecaib dóib huili, Sg. 31b2 . robo do mnáib glicca in domain di, Acall. 7426 . Note also: is de corpore dissi (i.e. the eye), Wb. 12a26 . Freq. joined with expressions of time, the copula being omitted: bliadain lan dó oc tinól na flede, FB § 1 . for tuili doib . . . cethracha lá ┐ aidche, SR 2523 , cf. 4820 .

(b) ní segda dom, Trip.² 1765 . madh calma duitsiu inā dósom if thou art more valiant than he, Ériu v 152 . conadh treisi don toictiu inas duin that Fate is stronger than we, CCath. 4072 .

(c) can duibse? whence are ye? Sg. 242a2 . can deit a ingen? TE § 5 ( IT i 120 ). cinnas do a rad . . . ? why should he say . . .?, Thes. ii 311.19 . cinnus do sluagh tire Temrach? how is it with the host . . .?, Snedg. u. Mac R 12 .

8 Freq. used after vbs. in impers. construction, esp. compds. with imm- denoting reciprocal action: ní 'manacige dó frim-sa he shall not see me, Ériu ii 194 . comorogaib dóib a ndís the pair grappled with each other, Metr. Dinds. iii 82 . imatarla doib, Anecd. v 11 . imatarraid dūn, ib. immotaéth dóib both sides will fall, LL 275a30 . immacomsinitar dóib, FB § 38 . With intrans. vbs.: ó thánic dóib co dérgud, FB § 80 . ó do chomraic dóib i n-aeninud when they met, SG 360 . anais don Caillin i Tul[aig] C. remained, Fen. 180 . With subst. vb.: fil dún ó thossuch dúle cen áiss we are without age, Imr. Brain § 44 . fochtus Diarmait innus na bé ndi, RC xi 129 . Cf. further: robá-sa i n-imṡnim mor . . . co roglé dam till I arrived at a decision, IT i 98 . co roglé dó a caithim uile, BNnÉ 300 . co tair damh-sai aislingi . . . d'indisin duit till I have finished telling you my dream, MacCongl. 117 . With ellipse of vb.: as tir duit get thee out of the country, RC xx 24 . dún sís dond ath down with us to the ford, TBC-I¹ 1193 . dochum na chuchdiri dóib, Mon. Tall. § 12 .

III Introducing agent after passive (finite), verbal of necess., and (most freq.) vn.

(a) After pass. vb.: imberthar fidcella dún let us play chess, SCC § 3 . toirimt[h]er tōraind in lis don mnái, Corm. Y 502 . doberar dam duid gid ni nar chuindgis thou shalt receive from me, YBL 167a4 . doces do co roba ben he perceived (it seemed to him?) that it was a woman, Todd Nenn. 210 . cumachta na flatha dia tardad in fín, LL 282b3 `by whom the wine was given', Meyer, GJ iv 217 .

(b) After verbal of necess. and participial adjs. compounded with in-: ní tabarthi dímess do neoch for nach n-énirt, Wb. 6c19 . ni denti duib-si anisin, Ml. 82a7 . connarb inríata dó in chonar, FB § 36 . is inchreidte dóibh they ought to believe, Eochairsg. 21.34 .

(c) After vn. both of trans. and intrans. vbs.: airitiu colno do Christ, Wb. 31d2 . tre atlogud buide donaib nóibaib thanksgiving by the saints, 17a3 . slige dund aingiul inna nAssar the slaying of the A. by the angel, Ml. 16c12 . rena richtin du Pool before P. reached it, Thes. i 495 ( Ardm. 107b ). fer do marbad do Moise, SR 3726 . scrin Dochoma do briseadh doaibh, AU 797 . (Intrans. vb.) magthad lasuidiu cretem do geintib, Wb. 5a1 . oc techt dam dar Maig L., SCC § 34 . buid domsa i n-iriss, Wb. 5b20 . iure feidligthe disi i n-ógi by the principle of its remaining in integrity, Sg. 16a14 .

With IAR and vn.: iarna grísad dond araid on being urged on by the charioteer, FB § 43 . iar ndiultad do Petar a thigerna, PH 605 . iar mbeith ceangailte d'ár lámhaibh (= ligatis manibus), TSh. 6762 . ar gclos a anma d'Éirinn, SG 1 .

do-fuissim

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-fuissim or dil.ie/17709

 

Forms: dufuismiu, dofuismim, d., dofhuisim, dufuissemar, dofhuisemar, torsamad, dofuisēmha, dofussema, dofuisémthar, notusémtha, doforsat, doḟorsat, dorōsat, doruasat, dorrōsata, -torsata, tuiste, tuistiu, tuismid, doruisim

v (* to-uss-sem-, GOI p. 526 ). Indic. pres. 1 s. dufuismiu, Thes. i 497.6 ( Ardm. 177b1 ). dofuismim, Sg. 182b2 . 3 s. d.¤ , Ml. 111a13 . (rel.) dofhuisim, Sg. 61a2 . Pass. s. dufuissemar, Ml. 121b6 . (rel.) dofhuisemar, Sg. 61a2 . ? Subj. impf. 3 s. nad torsamad gl. non iam creaverat, Enchir. Aug. 79b ( ZCP vii 483 ). Fut. 2 s. dofuisēmha, Cóir Anm. 251 . 3 s. dofussema, LL 367 marg. sup. Pass. dofuisémthar, Wb. 4c7 . Condit. pass. notusémtha, Three Hom. 56.5 . Perf. 3 s. doforsat, Ml. 17b2 , 6 . doḟorsat (rel.), Sg. 31b5 . dorōsat, 31b2 . PCr. 15a2 ( Thes. ii 225 ). doruasat, SR 7871 , 7977 , etc. Pass. pl. dorrōsata, ZCP xi 94 § 32 . -torsata, Ml. 120c7 , 99a8 .

Part. tuiste. Vn. tuistiu. Cf. ise cét-tustidi Adaim Cain the first-begotten , Lec. 385a20 .

In Mid.Ir. freq. as simple vb. tuismid (cf. perf. 3 s. doruisim, Rawl. 72b5 ). See also tuismigid, tuisnigid, tuistigid. See IGT Verbs §§ 68 , 106 .

I Used for do-essim pours out, pours forth: intan dofuissemar sechtair a síl sin ┐ gainethar hón máthir. . . . is ainm do fructus , Ml. 44a11 . (Of a flagstone) dofuisim husce exudes water, Trip.² 87 . ma tuisim sil comperta tria imradud, Ériu vii 142 § 12 . neuch douisim sil compertae, § 16 (see also s.v. do-essim).

II

(a) begets, generates: is hó Isaác dofuisémthar a sil nairegde, Wb. 4c7 . d.¤ gl. germinantis, Ml. 111a13 . issed a aicned cenéuil ní doḟuisim ┐ dofhuisemar something that generates and is generated (of gender), Sg. 61a2 . Cf. ni ainm ferinnsci no baninsci acht du neoch dufuisium ┐ o tuisimar, Auraic. 565 . mor easba in talman meni tusmedh clanda, 628 . is tre fhír flathemon clanna cáine tusmiter, ZCP xi 83.4 . corothuismiset | trenfir ┐ trenchoraid, SR 2403 . (Of a cleric) ma dufusme clann, Ériu vii 142.19 . cuirp na ndaine ┐ na n-anmanna archena genit ┐ tusmitir dina sílaib deréolaib, RC xxv 252.x . cia lin do chlainn rothusmistar Adam, Rawl. 69a34 . rothusmistair [Cainen] maccu ┐ ingena, Lec. 532a26 . an tathair ór thúismeasdair, 3 C 13, 901.13 . ní rotuismedh ierdraighi . . . etorra, Fl. Earls 192.18 . With prepp.: in tan rothuisim Isaac o Sarra, BB 5a57 . dorusim maccu aili ó Chethura, Rawl. 72b6 . cor toirrcedh Iachtastain . . . gur tusmistar da mac uaithi, D IV 2, 77rb4 . rothuissim Noi tri maccu re siair fesin, Lec. 67a36 .

(b) conceives: cu rothuisim fócetoir ┐ co ruc mac, Lism. L. 4652 . aimbrit side coro thusim in mac amra .i. Samúel, LB 128a27 .

(c) bears, brings forth (offspring): andofuismet gl. parentia, Sg. 69b9 . na sothe .i. ní dofhuisim terra gl. foetus, 64a14 . dofuisēmha mac, Cóir Anm. 251 . tainicc inbhaidh na hingine . . . rothusimh in mac robhui 'na broinn, Lism. L. 2830 . isin aidchi sin rothuisim a ben ingin do, Anecd. iii 73.22 . rotusimh . . . a toirrchus for chenn na blai, CF x 35 ( LL 379a ). tofuisim a mbanscál mac cind nói mís, RC ix 454.9 . rothuisim sidhi dias cloindi do, xiii 9.6 . láir trogais (.i. tusmis) dí lurchure (.i. dá serrach), IT i 138 (berid, v.l.). arróet Iosep . . . noem Muire . . . co ro-thusim a mac prim-geni till she brought forth her first-born, PH 6917 . in Bethil Iúda . . . cathair . . . in ro-tusmed Isu Crist, 6936 . rotusmit geni torotharda imda, CCath. 891 . asé in mac thusmes [in cétben] is oigri air, Marco P. 67 . ba derbh lais nar tusmedh ┐ nach tusmighfe nech oca mbiadh cēt sūil, 125 . ni thusmidter gein innti nach scribhthar a ainm, 140 . gur thusmighset in da rigain cona cumalaib da mac dec, BB 5b28 . is inunn gradh ata agum duid ┐ don mathair romtuisme, Lib. Flav. ii 5ra39 . ní rotuismedh clann . . . dó, Fl. Earls 222.9 . a chlann ar tús sul tuismid | gnath dho dealbad áruisnid (of the pelican), O'Gr. Cat. 461.8 . Note also: dobhí . . . ben Aonghuis torrach . . . ┐ dogabhadh no gur tuismedh í until she was delivered, Rel. Celt. ii 162.20 .

III

(a) creates, fashions: amal as messe dudaforsat inna duli gl. qui conditor operum meorum sum, Ml. 94b7 . huare asmbeirsom as ṅduil dæ dodaforsat inna ídlu, 130a6 . duforsaisset gl. creavere, 110a8 (but perh. for duforásaisset, see note). cid torbae ara torsata . . . duli, 120c7 . ba bithnuagud inid torsat Dia in which God created him (i.e. Adam), Laws i 129 . he donrosat do nephní, SR 7518 . in rí doruasat cech cri, 7871 . ri . . . dorósat gréne goho, 8098 . do chomdelbaid . . . tú doru[a]ssat, 2174 . na huili anmanna . . . dodosrosat mo nóebrí, 1110 . flaith . . . dorúasat bith, Imr. Brain § 27 . ónd ríg do rea rúasat who has created the spaces, § 48 (see Ériu viii 99 ). ba dia dheilbh ┐ a chosmailius doforsat, Ériu ii 132 § 105 . do atluchud dond Ríg dorúasat túarai who created food, iii 102 § 31 . in Fiada find . . . | domrosat fo baithis, Trip.² 1632 . fri fer dososat (leg. dorosat) hec omnia .i. Dia, Laws i 22.21 . ma rothusmis na huli do nefní tria bréthir, PH 4796 . ro-hícc Dia in ni nar thusmestar ar tús .i. na súile, 2295 . is aendia donrosat dia réir, Alex. 880 . rotusim Dia in duni fo imaigin foden, Lec. 528b14 . rotuisim Dia bleidmili mora muridi, 528ay 0 . is tusca rotusmed tu fen oltas Adam, MacCarthy 50.15 .

(b) founds, establishes: Romuil dorosat ciuitatem , PCr. 15a2 ( Thes. ii 225 ). Cicrops dorósat in cathraig, Sg. 31b2 . andoforsat condens , BCr. 40d1 ( Thes. ii 28 ). im chumachtu ór thuismestar aicned na n-dúl (= virtus qua condidit . . .), FA § 1 (LB). on chetna oenuch Olimp co rotusmed Roim, Rawl. 73b23 . ratusmed Róm ar indróe, LL 144a6 . contuilem i n-uamaib amail dorosait Dia dún, Alex. 886 (dosratait, v.l., cf. Anecd. v 4.4 ). lenmait isnaib rechtaib donrosat Dia has established for us, 899 .

(c) produces, engenders (fig.), causes: robu dufuissemar gl. aut æditur (= ēditur), Ml. 121b6 . cid dofuisim guth .i. cred tuismis no coimedus in guth? what generates word? O'Dav. 988 . lesmac .i. lis-mac .i. arindi dofuissim [lis] don fiur nō don mnái because he is a begetter of strife, Corm. Y 798 .

Intrans. arises (fig.): ar cach cenel labhartha dotuisim ar beolu duine, Auraic. 1952 (dohuisimar, v.l.). Cf. rothusim o Cham na cnead | deich primcenela fichet, Lec. 75a14 .

1 fíach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 fíach or dil.ie/21871

 

Forms: feich, fiach, dfēch, féich, fíachu, feich

n o, m. g s. ind feich , Ml. 55a7 . d s. fiach, Wb. 2b25 . (for dfēch, Ardm. 17b1 > Thes. ii 239.20 , see dég). n p. féich, Wb. 4a10 . a p. fíachu, LU 7053 .

(a) an obligation, a payment due debt, also legal due, fine, penalty: iar fíach (gl. secundum debitum) Wb. 2b25 . nipa deoladacht acht bid fíach, 2b26 . ind feich (gl. debiti) Ml. 55a7 . dlegtir féich dúib `debts are owed by you' Wb. 4a10 . meni dlessad ḟiachu do neoch unless someone owed him debts TBC-LL¹ 2988 . is me dliges fíachu `'tis I that am entitled to dues' BDD 70 . intí dia ndligi ḟiachu dosfothlaig fair he who owes thee debts, demand them from him LL 122a45 ( RC iii 184 ). intí dia ndligi ḟiachu saig fair, LL 116 b 37 . deich meic Conaill Cloen ... a cōic dīb frislontis a fēich a cōic aile ronascitis a fēich, Rawl. 155a16 . gebait im fiachu I will accept it in satisfaction of my dues BDD 73 . ni f.¤ opaid, LU 5668 (see opad). ni gébed Joseph nach fiach | óna tuathaib acht mad biad, SR 3389 . ní gata Adomnan fiachu ar flaith ┐ eclais ┐ fine dia mbi dír, Cáin Ad. 29 . oiret bé [in maer] ic tabach fhiach while the steward is levying the dues MacCongl. 57.13 . In Law-tracts: fiach ní ro dlomthar do flaithib (.i. is fiachach aní aisnéither ... do gelladh dona gradaib flatha), O'D. 717 (< H 3.17, c. 523 ). Cf. is fiach ní dlomthar, Ériu xii 176.5 ( TE 3 ). do saire ar fiachaib sin i n-urradhus, ┐ nochon uil saeire ar biadh i n-urradhus amhail ata i cain, O'D. 2351 (< Rawl. B 506, f. 40 ). fíach dleghar dimse sunn indiu the debt which is due from me here to-day (`die Schuld die ich hier heute schulde') Bürgschaft § 53 . gaib fort laim fiach damsa huaīt undertake to pay me the debt § 51a0 . ni beir fothuth fiachu feeding (of the creditor by the debtor) does not absolve debts § 63 . fiadnaisi con-oi ... fiachu witness safeguards debts ib. duine atā ag tobach fiach, cidh ēric fogla, cidh feich cuir no cunnartha `fine for injury or debts of bargain or contract' (i.e. payment due by reason of bargain, etc.) Laws v 352.12 Comm. atá in rāith aca atmāil co ndechaidh risna fiachaib the surety admits that he guaranteed the dues Bürgschaft 43 . icuidh in rāith féin na fiacha ib. Dist. from `díre': atait secht tobaig ... nacon dlegat dire na fiacha ... for nech a n-elo `seven levyings which are not entitled to `dire' nor debts from a person for deserting' 178.2 . digaib di diriu fiach a nothrusa, BCrólige § 10 (but: fiacha .i. corpdiri § 19 ). secht fuile ... nacon tuillit fiachu na othrus seven blood[shed]s that do not incur fines or sick maintenance Laws v 142.2 . an tí dofeith biodhbadha i ttuaith ... doslí fiacha amhail gach mbiodhbaidh, Ériu xiii 35.16 . secht n-athgabala ... is inti nodo gaib asren fiach ina ngabail `pays fine for taking them' Laws v 254.3 . cach oín tobó fiachu inna cānae `everyone who shall levy the dues of the Law' [sc. of Adomnán; the fines due from violators of it] Cáin Ad. 48 . in tan dombongatar feich ib. folongat comnaidm fiach `sustain a joint contract of debts' ib. dia ngontar maic [e]annaic ... is dia n-uamaib adnacail tiaguit a feich, ┐ a feich erradais dia flaithib a finib, 40 . it cobfiachaigh tra fir ┐ mna hi cacha fiachaib beccaib ┐ móraib ..., 45 . sellach lánfeich ┐ sellach lethfeich a looker-on who incurs full fine ... half-fine Laws i 240.25 . an baile a ndlegar bas o tuaith gabar feich o eclais, iv 236.13 . Somet. used for éric, see BCrólige p. 120 n. 2 . With gen. of offence: fiach indlighidh athgabala fine for illegal distress Laws i 86.17 Comm. co ro ica in flaith fiach na gubreithe, v 178.16 Comm . is fiach dítin in gach ní dibh sin on eclais, iv 234z . it é féich thairmthechta in domnaig .i. unga ... for fer imthéit ..., Ériu ii 204.14 . mas do marbad indilsigh docuaidh ┐ dilsech dorala do marbad, fiach maigne ┐ imraid uaid don indilsech risi ndechaid (`fine in respect of place and of intention') Laws iii 136.14 . ar ḟiach n-iomraidhte, Ériu xiii 50.19 .

Rarely with gen. of creditor: ó nach féadann ... dul ó fhiachaibh an Airdríogh escape his debt to the Lord Dán Dé iv 5 .

Theol.: log dún ar ḟiachu debita nostra PH 7937 ( Matthew vi 12 ). maith dhuinn ar bhfiacha, Ó Héodhusa 84 . gurab iomdha fiacha luighes oraind ag Dia ar son ar bpecaidh ib.

Hence in general, a penalty, punishment: f.¤ a mescai, Ériu vii 148.6 . Of religious penance: iar tabirt feich after giving dues, i.e. doing penance Mon. Tall. § 43 . f.¤ n-aidci lúoin do tabairt isind sathurn to perform Sunday night's penance on Saturday § 26 . doberair dia sathairn im noin fiach aibne na hoidche luain, LB 11b7 ( Rule of Tallaght 78 ). ni ta bar f.¤ aibne flagellation is not inflicted [is not paid] Mon. Tall. § 30 . arra troiscthe do fiachaib aibne flagellation equivalent to fasting RC xv 490.22 .

(b) a duty, obligation (esp. in pl.): meabhair donti dian fiacha (.i. dona senchadhaibh) whose duty it is (to remember) Leb. Gab.(i) i 112.4 . fiacha orthaibh a furtacht they were bound to help it Miscell. Celt. Soc. 354.20 . ós d'ḟiachaibh airdríogh Mumhan | do rígh Éireann umhlughadh, Content. ix 3 . (atá) d'fiachaib for (ar) is incumbent on, is a duty, obligation of: gonadh aire sin bhíos fiacha aige oraind is na deghoibrighthibh léigmíd thorainn, Ó Héodhusa 110 . ata ... coimétt an tire sin d'fiachaibh oruinn, BNnÉ 87.34 . an biathachas do bhí d'f.¤ orra do thabhairt, Keat. iii 2628 . i n-aghaidh gach laoi dá raibhe d'fhiachaibh orra bheith ar an bhfásach, TSh. 4898 . do bhí d'ḟ.¤ air gan a rún do nochtadh he was bound not to reveal his secret Keat. ii 2684 . an tan do bhiadh d'ḟ.¤ orra aifreann do rádh, TSh. 4515 . a ndlighthear dhíom ... ní coir dhamh a iarraidh a chur dhíom acht a dhiol do bhrigh go bhfuil sē d'fhiachaibh orm, Rule of Tallaght 12.19 . comhaill do gheallamhuin amail dobeth si [d]fiachaib (sic leg.] ort, Ériu v 140.16 . d'fiachaibh ar lucht inotachta na cathrach almsa do denomh those who enter the city are obliged to give alms Fl. Earls 100.5 . d'ḟ.¤ ar an Iustis Donn Iohn do leiccen iomlán, AFM vi 2302.3 . cuirim d'ḟiachaib ar ... I compel ... to: cuirid orm d'ḟiachaibh ... dol, TD 3.16 . cuiris d'f.¤ air ascnámh, Fl. Earls 118.17 . without ar and pers.: I cause: cuirfidh mé dfíachaibh a náthrughadh I will cause them to be removed Jerem. xv 4 . gaibim d'fiachaib orm I take on me as a duty: díon a threabh ... do ghabh d'fh.¤ air, Rel. Celt. ii 222.32 . téit i fiachaib ar is laid to the charge of, serves as a claim on: air féin ar túis téid i bhfiachaibh it is he that first incurs the obligation (i.e. his deed rebounds on himself) TD 29.28 . nár dhligh sí dul i bhf.¤ ar Éireannchaibh it ought not to be brought as a charge against Keat. i 10.13 . na leig cathaighthe an dhiabhail do dhol a bhf.¤ oirne, Ó Héodhusa 86.13 (a paraphr. of Matthew vi 13 ).

(c) a fee, guerdon, payment: ar a hícc ba hé in f.¤ in chluain this was the payment, the meadow Metr. Dinds. iii 156y . dorad Finn fiach a leanna do C., Acall. 1607 . do berim adám ech ... duit, ... fiach indsma na sleigi, 4909 . feich baistedha baptismal fees BNnÉ 45.32 . Cf. f.¤ féile, in a list of wild fruits, BS p. 116 (prob. merely a cheville, but given by P. O'C. , s.v. f.¤ f.¤ `a fowl or other novelty, procured for a festival or holiday'). Price equivalent: as eadh bá dior dhó seacht fichit damh, acht asé f.¤ ro toibhgheadh ann, fiche uinge ar ceithri céd d'airgeat ghil, AFM ii 1142.17 (= as e a fiach ..., AU 1161 ). uingi d'ór no a fiach, Fen. 140.19 . Cf. use in chevilles in SR: Percoba cainiu cach f.¤ (fairest of guerdons ?) SR 2485 . mó cach f.¤ 2635 .

fochaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fochaid or dil.ie/22412

 

Forms: fochith, fochaid, fochid, ḟoichid, fochith, fochaid, fochuid, fochatho, focheda, foicheda, fochodo, fothodo, fochoda, fochidi, fochaidi, faichide, fochide, fochide, fochaide, fochidib, fochaid

n i, f. (vn. of fo-saig). O. Ir.: n s. ind fochith , Wb. 14b15 . ind fochaid , Ml. 19b11 . cach fochid , ACL iii 315 § 35 = cech ḟoichid , LB 262a22 . a d s. fochith, Wb. 14b15 . 25a13 . fochaid, Ml. 22d7 . 74c13 . fochuid (d s.) 97d10 . g s. inna fochatho Wb. 17d28 . focheda, 25a12 (cf. foicheda, Anecd. i 40.3 ). fochodo, Ml. 64a2 . fothodo, 22d9 . fochoda, 59b10 . n a p. fochidi, Wb. 15d33 . 23b25 . fochaidi, Ml. 44d15 . faichide YBL 326b38 . g p. fochide, Wb. 14b17 . inna fochide , 14b18 ; 14d8 . fochaide, Ml. 27b15 ; c3 . d p. isnaib fochidib , Wb. 14b19 .

(a) trying, tempting; attempting: transl. temptatio Wb. 11b2 . ba indeithbir doibsom f.¤ Dae to try God (refers to temptando) Ml. 97d15 . amal sóersai Iób | de ḟochidib demnae assaults, (temptations ?) Fél. Ep. 520 . In: i n-athiud dosfuc ... rop ḟ.¤ cen ḟis dia hathair, Metr. Dinds. iv 104.54 we should prob. read `fochaid,' construing `dosfuc cen ḟis,' etc.; the ex. would then belong to (b).

(b) trial, tribulation, suffering, calamity (common meaning; freq. in pl.): in Glosses equivalent of Lat. tribulatio; transl. necessitas Ml. 53b1 , cura 74c13 , aerumna 44c29 . fochidi ar écin ... fochidi o thuil compulsory sufferings ... voluntary sufferings Wb. 15d33 . arimp ... hícc dúibsi foditiu fochide dúnni, 14b17 . cid ara fodaim int ais firian inna fochaidi Ml. 55d11 . fri fulang fochaide ┐ ingrema, PH 1612 . Iob cona fochaidib, Hy i 13 . Iob ... forsa tarta faichide, YBL 326b38 (= fochaidhi, Otia ii 94z ). ó fuair fachaid is immchimm (: tathaim), Metr. Dinds. iii 276 . oiffrind forna fochaidib | ōthā min coa mār, LB 261ay (= fachaidib, ACL iii 319 ). fachaid (: rathaig), Metr. Dinds. iv 192 . cidh doghentais ar cind na foicheda tanic a tír Laighen (of a pestilence), Anecd. i 40.3 . na trí fochaide ata annsom do ticfad la Ultu ` pests ' Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 26 § 7 . ? níth fri fochaidh, Fianaig. 10 § 7 .

Cf. foichid.

fo-feiscren, fo-faiscren

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fo-feiscren, fo-faiscren or dil.ie/22673

 

v decays, fails (?): an dand f.¤ iarum ind fuil, is and f.¤ ind tol, Mon. Tall. 59 . cetmuinter docuir[e]t[h]ar saeth fuirri do galar, dligidh a taiscith fri hicc; is ecin .iii. bliadna di ... Ma foraiscre ced met graine in galur bid for foluch beos; maine faiscre tet a cetmuindter dochum a finisi ..., O'Curry 806 ( H 3.18, 372 ).

Cf. 1 fáiscre.

galar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. galar or dil.ie/25293
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: galur, gallra, galara, cenngalar, diangalur

n o, n. later m. IGT Decl. § 17.14 .

(a) sickness, disease, physical pain : n s. galar n-eclis `gastric disease,' Wb. 29a26 . fogeir anggalar (= a ngalar) in uile corp the disease inflames, Camb. Hom. ( Thes. ii 246.1 ). g s. tórmach galir, Wb. 29a24 . do íc a galair, Ml. 23c9 . Laws v 296.15 . d s. iar na galar, Wb. 12b11 . galur, Laws v 260.3 . a s. slān cen neim cen galar, Hy. v 39 . Thes. ii 249.7 . g p. honaib coscaib inna ngalar, Ml. 111b26 . a p. ar galra, Thes. ii 359.6 . gallra, Laws v 352.19 . galara, SR 8377 . uchan do galur nomgeib, SCC 29 ( LU 3572 ). mac mna i ngalar, Laws v 198.6 , with gl. .i. serg, 200.21 . sláetan trommgalair, IT i 121.15 . galar a báis, RC xxv 398.13 . g.¤ bais a fatal illness, MS. Mat. 530.10 . galar a hega d'a gabail, AU ii 474.18 . AFM i 256.7 . i ngalor dofhulachtu, PH 8049 . galair ifirn the pains of hell, Aisl. Tond. 95.z . galar cuntabartach, O'D. 1691 ( H 5.15, 30 col. 2 ). fodera gallra ┐ aincesa, Laws v 352.19 . Cf. galar .i. gnáthach ┐ aincis .i. ingnathach, O'Dav. 1049 . na galara no na tegmanna, Laws v 482.17 gl. g s. as attrib. sick, diseased : dond fir galir, Mon. Tall. § 65 . lubra galair, RC x 186.2 . torruma aesa galair, PH 6001 . In Laws freq. of diseases of animals : bo co ngalur, Laws v 260.3 . ainmide n-galair, ZCP iv 390.5 . buaile galair an infected booley, O'Curry 2341 - 2 ( Eg. 88, f. 26 (27)c ). g.¤ bunaid ... g.¤ tecmaisech (of cattle) organic disease ... a chance (or passing) ailment, O'D. 1691 ( H 5.15, 31a ). cessair-galar `a plague of hail,' RC ii 398.22 . cenngalar (gl. dolor capitis), Wb. 17d25 . canir ... im du chenn ar chenngalar (sic leg.), Thes. ii 249.1 . nach cend co cendgalar, Irish Texts i 10.25 . diangalur (gl. langor), Gild. Lor. 258 . g.¤ brec smallpox : teidm galair bric, AU ii 442.6 = AFM iii 536.9 . g.¤ bronn abdominal disease, SG 248.3 . ar in ngalar mbuidhe 'jaundice' Celtica ii 84 § 25 . Cf. bronn-g.¤ g.¤ dercc the red sickness, erysipelas (?) : romain ... ar in ng.¤ ndercc, Ériu iv 236 § 4 . g.¤ fuail urinary disease, Thes. ii 248.10 , 11 ; 250.13 . IT i 103.2 . AFM iv 1164.16 . g.¤ gluin[e] gl. scia[tica ?], ACL i 337.131 . galar gnáth 'a chronic illness', Giolla Brighde 42 § 9 . galar na lepta, Celtica ii 40 § 27 . g.¤ medóin intestinal disease : do galur medóin, SR 4158 . Cf. BB 241a52 . d'écc do galar medhóin, AFM iv 1254.5 . g.¤ míostai catamenia, Mon. Tall. § 14 . Ériu vii 150 passim. O'Curry 1828 (RIA, 23 Q 6, 47b ). galar na mban, Irish Texts v 66.1 . galar na n-ech disease in chest of horses: tic an siled sin on glondras uair ann ┐ uair ele o galur na n-ech … annsa cliab bis galar na n-ech, Celtica xvii 116 § 12 . do galar na n-ech, ┐ is amlaid bis mur galar na lepta ar dainib, ii 40 § 27 . g.¤ Póil epilepsy : epilinnsia .i. g.¤ Poil, O'Dav. 1508 . in g.¤ Poil .i. duine cuithigh, 1524 . g.¤ na ríg King's evil, scrofula : in duine ara mbi galur na righ, Irish Texts v 5 § 5 . g.¤ rígin (some kind of skin-disease in cattle) : boár .i. sgamach nó maolgarb no galur righín, O'Dav. 291 . g.¤ na seilgi disease of the spleen, ACL i 337.139 . g.¤ na sliged some kind of seizure (?) : dá mbeith ar buile, nó i ngalar na sligheadh, i gcruth go gcuirfeadh cubhar tar a bheul, Eochairsg. 125.32 . g.¤ súla opthalmia, Ir. Gl. 281 . cia ra bhaoi C. i ngalar súla, TFrag. 118.2 . in galar súl, SG 248.4 . g.¤ tuitmech epilepsy , Maund. 55 , Celtica ii 75 § 21 , 81 § 10 . A sick person: rī cos' tuctha dā galar, | bodor ocus amlabar; | ... ro-das hīcc isind cenúair 'the King to whom two sick men were brought, one deaf and one dumb; ... he healed them immediately', SR (Greene) 7633 .​​

(b) In wider sense damage to inanimate objects : ised is g.¤ bunuidh d'aite óir nó airgit crechadh no loscadh, O'D. 705 ( H 3.17, c.516 ). dia mba é in g.¤ bunaidh nosbera is ioc na fiach, ib.

(c) mental suffering, distress, grief : amal as már a galar de, Ml. 40b9 . du thormuch galair to increase grief, 61c3 . i n-ælscud ┐ i ngalar mór, 56b26 . uch uch á De, is trom in galar beith i n-écmais inna fírcharat, Laud 460, 54a . ach interiecht galair, H 2.16, c. 90 . ba g.¤ leoside nach doib ... dorala, RC ii 388.13 . mór ṅgúr ṅg.¤ `much of sore grief,' Fél. Nov. 16 , Fél. Sep. 11 . co ngalur cride ┐ menman, PH 4987 . Marco P. 127 . ba g.¤ la hIunaind, Aen. 210 . Ériu viii 14.1 . ni chumgaim ni duit ... acht a g.¤ ocum namma I can do naught for thee save grieve for it, RC xxv 34.17 . cloimeadh (leg. cloidheam) galair na cuma ... do sgoilt ... mo chraidhi a sword of sorrow hath pierced my heart, Lib. Flav. ii 7ra32 . bá g.¤ menman lá hUa nDomhnaill ... Goill ... do thocht, AFM vi 1930.10 .

1 grith

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 grith or dil.ie/26682
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: gretha, grethae, gretha, grithu

n u, m. g s. gretha. n p. grethae, Fél. Jan. 25 . gretha, SR 8062 . a p. grithu, LL 275a19 . By Pedersen Vgl. Gr. (i 367) connected with W. gryd. Generally translated shout, outcry, etc., and so explained by O'Cl. : greath .i. gáir; co lion gretha .i. co n-iomat ngaire, Leb. Gab.(i) i 20 , followed by Stowe Gl. 421 : grith .i. gaire. The word, however, is often confused with crith trembling (g s. cretha), the interchange of c and g being not uncommon, and the older exx. in Mid. Ir. point to a meaning somewhat similar:

(a) shaking, quivering; shudder, vibration; collapse , which may be the sense in the foll. exx.: condusrala i ng.¤ ┐ uaman ┐ grindell do mullach in tighe, Anecd. ii 61.4 ; ib. 54.2 . foceird g.¤ shakes, vibrates, collapses (?): fochartatar g.¤ (focerd airmgrith v.l.) immi, co mbátar for lár in tige, BDD 109 . rolasat g.¤ co mbátar for lár in tige (of weapons loosened from their racks by a concussion), 55 = rolaiset armgrith ┐ torcratar for lar, Eg. = BDD² 499 (`they clattered ?,' Knott, vocab. s.v. fo-ceird). Mairt hi Crinda ... hi foichret sluaig hErend g.¤ in which the hosts of Ireland shall fall (or be shaken, panic-struck ?), ZCP xiii 376.23 . ?ro comgabsat uili g.¤ ina menmannaibh conid ic taircetal ār ndermair ... robadar na hairdi (they were perturbed or panic-stricken ?), CCath. 1068 . Cf. further: rala Temair tri crithu di Tara shuddered thrice (?), Anecd. ii 7.19 (leg. grithu, Ed., but the MS. reading may be correct). Also armgrith which in older exx. seems to mean panic (also shouting and clashing of arms) ( Ériu xliii 70 ): collotar i n-a. bha rennaib a sleg ┐ a faebor, TBC-LL¹ 5004 . nuall-grith: n. na roth ┐ culgaire in charpait, TBC-LL¹ 3311 (where the word seems to express the vibration of the wheels and the noise produced), and in other compds. (see below).

Hence (b) agitation, frenzy, fit, spasm: cumgéba a g.¤ glórglonnach | co roa niulu nime (of the sea) it will rise in wild and clamorous tumult (?), SR 8107 . cūi cen cheol, garg a ṅgretha outbursts, 8062 . inn uair ras-geib a g.¤ slegi when its fury-fit seizes the spear (?), MU² 727 ( LL 267b14 ). iss ē tria gaile gretha | beb Laidcenn mac ṁBairceda, ZCP viii 118 § 23 . Possibly also in: re hollg.¤ a nechraidi, MR 184.6 . roba ghraineamhail g.¤ na ngalghad risna harmaibh, Ériu viii 48.14 (both late texts).

(c) Passing into sense of seizure, attack: ? co rodṁbroe rí betha bailcc, | rodclái tria gretha (sic leg.) comthailc, SR 5470 ( Rawl. 53a21 ). diar' hícc fer fo thedmaib ... do grethaib dremnaib demna, 7620 . ni ba dānu fri grithu ni ba [á]thiu fri cure in laech hé, LL 275a19 (rhet.). atá Temhair gan a túar, | atá fo gredhaibh a gael `a blight is upon his kindred' (perh. outcries, lamentations), ACL iii 304 § 6 (see Meyer, Ancient Irish Poetry, 75 ).

(d) Fig. of that which causes fear or panic, the power of inspiring dread (cf. similar use of 1 gráin): rosfuc sech dóene ... in talman ar ... g.¤ ┐ grain, LL 238a15 . ba mór a gráin ┐ a g.¤ , Metr. Dinds. iv 20.4 .

(e) In later texts the meaning seems to be that given by O'Cl. , shout (din, uproar): cuirit gretha im nithgalaibh, TBC-LL¹ 5511 St. glorgrith na habond, 3906 St. Possibly also in foll. earlier exx. where sense is in some cases obscure and in others might be referred to a previous head: co delmaim a ṅgrethae (sic leg., Stokes Gloss.), Fél. Prol. 154 . líth fris cuirter grethae a festival (whereon) shouts are sent forth,' ib. Jan. 25 (cf. 4 grith below). Féil Phóil ocus Phetair | co n-aidbli a ngretha `with vastness of crying unto them' (?), ib. June 29 . deilm in gaeth, granni in g.¤ , TFerbe 100 . ba leor do brón in betha | a ṅglór is a ṅgarbgretha, Metr. Dinds. iii 256.14 . ni chlunim gáir nó gretha, RC xiv 416.y . trí gretha tige degláich: grith fodla, g.¤ suide, g.¤ coméirge `three shouts' (?), Triads 99 (cf. 4 grith below). ní gúach in g.¤ (chev.), Metr. Dinds. iii 238.46 . rancatar scela co Foraind | la mét ṅgretha `with great éclat' (of dread import ?), LL 133b40 ( Todd Nenn. 228.58 ). im gním ṅgretha `on a noisy adventure' (fear-rousing ?), Arch. Hib. ii 73 § 46 ( LL 184a38 ). ? acht mina riset mucca do grit leat, IT ii2 101.14 ( BB 496a25 ). sinne úaidhe ┐ chuige | mar ba grith áil aon-mhuice `as it were the brood of a sow,' Duan. F. i 9.12 (where ed. reads gritháil). See grithugud.

Compds. ¤ecail, Metr. Dinds. iv 320.6 (that never shook for fear ?) ¤gair fear-inspiring shout (din, clamour ?), CCath. 4634 . RC xiv 46.3 . ZCP xiii 234.12 . ¤nia, MR 170.

See also foll. heads for further possible exx. of above meanings.

1 íar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 íar or dil.ie/26931
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: iar, ier, iar, ar, iar, érsná, er, ier, iar, ar, iarsin, érsná, iarmut, iarma, íarma, iarmu, iarmo, iarmaib, arnam, iarna, iarnar, íarnar, íar, iarna, íar, íarconn, íarngaes, íarmblas

nasalising prep. with dat. Forms: O.Ir. iar, ier; Mid. Ir. iar, ar: iar, Wb. 4a27 . Sg. 161b5 . érsná súthaib, Thes. i 5.33 . er, Sg. 197b10 . er cul Peter Apstel, Thes. ii 289.18 . ier, Thes. ii 240.20 , 24 (Ardm.). Hib. Min. 420 (H). CCath. 3475. Leb. Gab.(i) 88.x . ZCP viii 108.9 . Fl. Earls 166.16 . iar, Metr. Dinds. iii 170.27 . AFM vi 2372.17 . ar, Maund. § 11. Fl. Earls 178.9 .

With article: sg. iarsin tairgiriu, Wb. 19c3 . iarsin chumung, 16c19 . iarsind urd, Fél. Prol. 279. iarsind aeor, SR 2134. iarsint ṡligi, ScM. § 1.13 . íarsin muir, Imr. Brain § 32. īarsan abaind, Ériu ii 22.20 . pl. érsná súthaib, Thes. i 5.33 . iarsna reaib, Laws iv 230.z . iarnaib ... bliadnaib, 176.5 . iarsna saethraib, ACL iii 10.14 .

With pron. suff.: s. 2 iarmut, Ml. 70c15 . s. 3 m. and n. íarum q.v. (used only adverbially). Later O. and Mid. Ir. iarma, TBC-I¹ 1455. PH 7121 , 5654 . íarma: (bliadna), Todd Lect. iii 154 § 3. iarmu, IT i 120.30 . iarmo, PH 4673. pl. 3 iarmaib, SR 4776. IT iii 70 § 23.

With poss.: s. 1 arnam crádh, IGT Decl. ex. 223. arn-am choimmeas, TSh. 328. s. 3 m. and n. iarna hiris, Wb. 5c24 . íarna míad, Críth G. 83. air na chruthughadh, Donlevy 58.27 . f. iarna beím, ScM. § R 18 . pl. 1 iarnar sóirad, Wb. 14c7 . íarnar n-imchosait, LU 8080. pl. 2 íar far toimtin-si, Wb. 20a14 . pl. 3 iarna ndichennad, LU 9018.

With rel. (no ex. in O. Ir. Glosses): in sét iarsa tancatar, PH 7036. na da bethaid iarsa fhognann ..., 3546 .

Folld. by acc. instead of dat.: iarsin mbaigse, Fél. Ep. 315 v.l. iarsin mbethaid sin, PH 4669. iarsna gnimu mora, 1399 .

I Of time.

(a) Folld. by subst., vn. or pron. after: mad slaán in ball iarna galar `after its sickness,' Wb. 12b11 . massu cut séitchi rocretis na scarad frit iar cretim `let her not part from thee after believing,' 10a29 . iar ndígbail in tinfith `after taking away the aspiration,' Sg. 9a16 . dia treise íar fócru on the third day after notice, Críth G. 84. iar compert din spirad naob, Mon. Tall. 127.11 . mairc damsa ría cách, mairg íar cách, BDD² 731. íar ndénum in brothchán do-bert a máthair dí, 66 . dósom ┐ dia manchaib iar n-a écc, Lat. Lives 24.13 . iar feis di la Eochaid, IT i 121.26 . iar tregtad a chridi na chlíab, TBC-LL¹ 2036. iarsin mbethaid-sin ... `post hanc uitam,' PH 4669. ar techtt do Séith o pharrdus mar a roibi a athuir fúair ar faghbáil báis é `he found him dead,' Maund. § 11. in tan ... at[c]onncatar na fogmoraigh iar caithem a shoighet é, Stair Erc. 594. an lá air na mhárach the following day, Donlevy 486.6 . in pāpa ar n-īc a ttinnscra the Pope having paid their dowry, Fl. Earls 178.9 . `on condition that': tug a anam do iar n-anmain aigi na oglach indraic co bas, Stair Erc. 2554.

(b) With various substantives denoting time: íar cind aimsire léicid Cormac ... `after a time,' BDD² 64. tuidecht i n-Érinn íar n-aimseraib cíanaib, Imr. Brain § 32. ticfa már-gein íar mbethaib `after ages,' § 26 . gabsat Érinn iar n-edaib (v.l. ndedaib)? `at intervals,' Metr. Dinds. iii 170.27 . dia ro goireadh O Neill iar ttrioll `who was afterwards styled O'Neill,' AFM vi 2372.17 .

(c) Combines with pronouns and some substantives to form adverbs: íar sin, íar sain then, thereupon, after that, thereafter: dutét iarsin dia chennadich `then he comes to his province,' Thes. ii 240.13 . at-chíusa íar sin sainslabra sainigthi remib then I see, BDD² 462. dogníthea airig doib íar sin comdar reachtaidi uile, 101 . deisidh C. ina suidhe iar sin thereupon , ScM. § R 13 . ní bu chían íarsin coráncatar tír inna mban, Imr. Brain § 62. ro fallsighed do cach ní no biad iarsin `all that would be thereafter,' RC xxiv 192.2 . íar sodain after that, then: scaraid B. friu iar sodain, LU 8155. conid iar sodain ro gab ina glaic, 9070 . lotor ass íarsodhain, Hugh Roe 20.4 . íar suidiu after this, hereafter: ránic Patricc iersuidiu `after this came Patrick,' Thes. ii 240.20 . lotar íarum dochum nAlban ┐ ortadar a n-orcain and, ┐ ath-ralsat íar suidhi dochum nÉrenn, BDD² 428. bá iar sudiu conacrad Ailill do Chonchobur, LU 8744. in cauradmir ... do fodail fón slóg uile innocht ┐ techt immi iar sudiu hereafter , 8214 . lotar deisell arnauárach go D.... Lotar īar suidhiu do cill Monach, ZCP viii 106.28 . íar sunn hereupon: is íar sunn doinscanat gráda inna flaithe it is after this that the noble classes begin, Críth G. 315. íar tain afterwards, then (may refer either to past or fut. time): ciasu iartain rocet `though it was sung afterwards,' Ml. 2b6 . gair biuc iartain `shortly afterwards,' Sg. 147a7 . ro soich in rí iartain dochum na hingeni afterwards the king went, IT i 120.15 . má adcetha Aircthech íar tain, Imr. Brain § 12. co ro thuismiset iar tain so that afterwards they begot, SR 2403. dús inn imgabaind iar tain | Coinculaind mac Sualtaig `um zu sehen, ob ich ... vermeiden könnte,' TBC-LL¹ 488. is and-side ro-m-adnaiced-sa fen iar-tain `where I myself was afterwards laid,' PH 1533. ro-ádnacht tra a dá ingen, in da noem óig iar cén máir iar-tain `his daughters, the two holy virgins, were buried long after,' 2565 - 6 . ba dércach trócar ... ernaigtech in tí Longínus iar-tain thereafter , 684 . ro scail Ercuil de iar d[t]ain `and then H. loosed him,' Stair Erc. 359. íar céin after some time: in chaingnímai aili is iarceín rofinnatar `it is after a time that the other good deeds are discovered,' Wb. 29a30 . ro aintadaigsetar iar cein | sil Seth ocus clann Caeïn, SR 2401. ri dorat Seth soer iarcein | d'Adaum inn-inad n-Abeil, 2009 . da-nid da leith don duine ┐ ni cluined co hiarcen `he would not hear it till long afterwards,' Aen. 1936. íarsind úair after a while, presently: is mo chendsa ceta-imchoichertthar and íarsind úair iter feirtsib carpat, BDD² 732. íar n-úair in turn: déca cach ingnad ar n-úair, LU 3605. do cach budin ar [n-]úair, 2025 . ni for amlesaib in tṡlúaig | ber-sa cach fordul ar n-úair, TBC-LL¹ 487. go smuainim iar n-uair Muire ar tonnaibh an taobhochta `then let me think of Mary ...,' Studies 1932, 433 § 5 .

(d)

(i) íar + vn. + gen. has the sense of a past participle pass. or, in ref. to future time, of a fut. perf. participle pass. The agent is introduced by do: hícc sochuide tre precept iarnar sóirad `after our deliverance,' Wb. 14c7 . iar nemfadbail fire daoine `when the tests of men have not been procured,' Laws iv 294.7 Comm. iarna breith `having been born,' Fél. Ep. 119. iar tarmthecht dún `after we had transgressed,' SR 1559. in ndaraig móir ... iarna beím dó asa fremaib, Sc.M² R §18. iar ngabail righe d'Eochaid, IT i 118.8 . ni boí occosom do chumachta a mbith beó iarna ndichennad when once they should be beheaded, LU 9018. íarnar n-imchosait do Bricrind after B. shall have set us at loggerheads, 8080 . in c[h]uid nār marbad dīb do bātar ar n-a crēchtnugad, ML² 386. ar ndol dó isteagh san gceardchain `after he had gone in,' TSh. 313. delb Iustiníanuis impir ... ar na órud ` gilded ,' Maund. § 8. ionmhuin troigh a-tá ar n-a goin that has been wounded, DDána 26 § 24. atá arna tionól sonna `here is gathered,' Studies 1919, 438 § 3 . in fínemhain iarna freacar `when cultivated,' Stair Erc. 496.

(ii) íar + vn. + gen. dependent on vn. has also the force of a past participle pass.: iar marbhadh a righ `their king having been slain,' Stair Erc. 738. ar caithem na mís sin doibh `after they had passed that month,' 1038 . iar forba in morgnima so do E. `after H. had completed,' 373 .

(iii) When the vn. is beith, íar mbeith means being: iar nembeith cethra nocho `when he has not cattle,' Laws iv 264.22 . iar mbeith ag teitheadh do A. `while A. was fleeing,' TSh. 999. air mbeith dhamh go tromdha, tuirseach I being ..., Donlevy 288.9 . ar mbeith F. uasa cinn `since Ph. was above him,' Stair Erc. 342.

II Of place.

(a) across, along used both of movement across and of position along (e.g. along the edge of ...): traigh a leithead tis iar n-ichtar along the bottom, Laws iv 112.4 . airtem a leithet a crui iar n-airthur `a fist with the thumb extended being the breadth of its fork in front,' (i.e. across the front), ii 238.15 . a crich iar fut, iar lethet in its length and breadth, SR 2640. do deochaid Moisi ... for teched ... | iar tírib, iar slichtib srath, 3735 . conḟacca Euá... | iarsind aeor do noebnim | tri heoin gela through the air, 2134 . oc techt īar fraīchrud Mide síar across the heath, ScM. § 20.5 . oc ascnom íar Slige Chúaland, BDD² 288. scéith ... co círbachlaib co n-esnadaib crédumai iarna tóebaib along the sides of them. TBFr. 40. foracabsat a lungai isin inbiur ┐ dodechotar iar tír, Lat. Lives 5.1 . conacci a dochum in fer isin charput íarsin muir, Imr. Brain § 32. dolluid Eogan ... iarsind ḟaidche, IT i 76.3 . dolinged míl mbec iarsin lind dochum a bél across the liquid?, LU 10598. saighet tenedh do thuidhecht iar fut Laighen across Leinster, AU i 476.7 . colg dét iarna chossliasait chlí along his left thigh, TBC-LL¹ 5287. clar airgit ... co n-aireccur ōir...fair...iar n-imechtair `along the outside,' CCath. 5232. íar n-oraib na long `along the edges of the ships,' TTr.² 893. robarta tond tūargabar īar tóib betha blāi, Ériu vii 2.25 . bleogan ... do lēcad īarsan abaind `adown the river,' ii 22.20 . a troigthi ar n-ichtur ┐ a n-aigthi ar n-uachtur, TTebe 3069 . d' faixin in chaislēin ier n-inmhedhón on the inside, Fl. Earls 108.x . 166.16 .

(b) beyond, on the farther side of: lodar ... siar co rangadar Teach nDuinn iar nErinn beyond Ireland, Anecd. i 18.6 . co rochtus iarum inis nGlúairi iar nIrrus Domnand, Ériu iv 140.15 . i Síd Nenta iar n-usciu, Metr. Dinds. ii 8.92 . iar múr amuig, i 4.35 .

íar cúl behind: a mbís iarna chúul dind séit `what part of the way lies behind him,' Wb. 24a17 . laech as deach fil íar cúl scéith i tír Hérend, BDD² 690. co cúala a ceól íarna chúl `behind him,' Imr. Brain § 2. ro cumrigthe a lláma iarna cúl behind her back, IT i 76.11 . ind raibi athcomarc lat iar do chúl ria tudechd húc `didst thou ask permission of those whom thou didst leave before coming hither?', Mon. Tall. 135.28 . cumma no ṡliged iarna chulaib ┐ ara belaib `behind him and in front of him', Ériu iv 30.6 . an droch-nós do bhí 'na dhúthaigh do chor ar gcúl `to put aside,' TSh. 359.

III Abstract meanings.

according to, in respect of, by reason of: iár fír ` truly ,' Wb. 16a7 . amal dondbeir do cách iarna hiris `according to his faith,' 5c24 . ar n-athir iar colinn gl. secundum carnem, 2b23 . iar ndoinacht, Ml. 17d3 . sech ba huaisliu intí forchongair iar n-aicniud `though he that orders were naturally the superior,' Sg. 161b5 . co mbí bés a thige and íarna míad, Críth G. 83. nad imdich dethbiri iar ndia ocus duine `which necessity does not save according to God and man,' Laws ii 2.7 . iar th'intliucht, iar do glanchéil, SR 1582. noda sloindet íarum iarna slontib fíraib, TBFr. 66. .ix. ngrad nime íarna cémennaib ┐ íarna n-urd, LU 1977. iar forcetul in apstail, PH 4179. ar sēna féin imm ar ndeilb cid iar fírinni bem though we be in the right, Mer. Uil. 9. bid iar cōir a ōegedecht, ACL iii 313 § 11. do for[ṡ]lontib Ulad īar coitchenn in general , ZCP viii 331.10 . gérbho soicenelach hé iar ccolainn ro bai soichenelcha iar menmain, RC xxv 390 § 3. do Fearaib Bolg iat iar ngenelach `by race,' Ériu ii 182.1 .

Of authority, source, etc.: iar n-arsidib `according to the ancients,' Sg. 57b1 . mad iar ceill Cirine `if after the opinion of Jerome,' Hib. Min. 291. iar foirinn aili `according to others,' BColm. 56.28 . iar n-Augustin, PH 6436.

IV= íarum: do haithleaghadh iar i dtriathfhuil Éirionnach, Ó Bruad. ii 144.18 . aithneas iar nár chéim crithre `then she learned ...,' 120.5 . Cf. iar .i. na dhiadh, O'Cl.

V Prefixed to nouns and adjectives, íar nasalises and has the meaning after , e.g. íarconn, íarngaes, íarmblas. A few examples show lenition, e.g. íarshliss.

For íarsindí see under 4 í.

ícc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ícc or dil.ie/27149
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: hícc, íc, t-íc, t-íc, íc, n-ícce-si, íce, ícca, ícci, hícc, íc

n ā, f. vn. of 1 íccaid. n s. ind hícc , Wb. 14b18 . íc, Ml. 72d1 . (cf. in t-íc , MR 130.6 . an t-íc , CF 922 ). a s. íc, Ml. 35c20 . g s. far n-ícce-si , Wb. 7c12 . inna íce , Ml. 50c11 . ícca, Laws i 98.1 Comm. na ícci , Lat. Lives 53.11 . d s. do hícc , Wb. 4a10 . dia íc , Ml. 48d28 .

I

(a) act of paying (for) ; payment, compensation, requital, atonement : followed by RE or DO of the person to whom the payment is made, the cause of the compensation being expressed by the genitive dependent on the vn., or by the dat. governed by the prep. I : do hícc inna fíach, Wb. 4a10 . uidhe ice in fira the periods for making good a pledge, O'Curry 333 (< H 3.18, p. 183 ). conad edh do niat a .vii. cumala do hic re flaith, ┐ a secht mbliadhna peinne do híc re eclais, O'Curry 2541 (< Eg. 88, fo. 45b ). dligit íc is eneclann, ACL iii 223.23 . fiach eloidthe d'ic riu, Laws i 88.6 Comm. i n-hicc int sáraigthe sin `in compensation for,' Fél.² lxxxvii 26 . is olc an t-íc dhamh thu annsna righaibh ... do thuit leat `thou art a bad compensation to me for ...,' CF 922. íc sa ḟinghail, ZCP iii 433.33 . na cairig i n-ic na glaisne, YBL 181a43 . Dia dha íoc ren anmuin, ALC ii 352.z . ba momor in t-íc aen uige, MR 130.6 . i n-íoc an pheacaidh, TSh. 1539. i n-íoc a saothair, PBocht 4 § 16. inti ica nach bid acmaing a ica, Cog. 50.12 . ic íc císa risan sobhdán, Maund. § 97. mar īoc a sligedh `to pay their way,' Fl. Earls 26.20 . a chrú is íoc im anḟolaidh, Aithd. D. 65 § 22. i n-íoc a ríoghtha `as compensation for not being crowned,' 28 § 16. íoc an chroinn `the atonement made on the Cross,' 98 § 5. bíd aige i n-íoc a dhaidhbhris in requital for his poverty, DDána 22 § 7. i moghsaine ┐ i mbochtacht, ag íoc uabhair ┐ aindlighidh ... a sinnsear, TSh. 5360. do-chítear iarlaoi fá íoc dhuit `tributary to thee,' Keat. Poems 915.

(b) act of enduring, suffering (pain or hardship with a view to making atonement) : gach gné oile phéine dhleaghair dhíobh d'íoc innte, TSh. 4004. na piana aimsiordha atá d'fhiachaibh oruinn d'íoc ansa tsaoghal-so, Donlevy 308.7 . breth aithrighi ... do cuirfedh an sagart ... ort ┐ a híc `if thou perform it,' BCC 222.37 .

(c) revenge, redress : aithi .i. íc, O'Curry 2069 (< H 4.22, p. 67b ). ceann ríogh i n-íoc a athar, Content. v 167. is rún liom íoc air `ich lechze nach Rache,' Midnight court 998 ( ZCP v 230 ).

(d) salvation, redemption ; act of redeeming ; is fochunn ícce dúibsi foditiu na ningremmen, Wb. 23c6 . is and sin bieid íc du israhel, Ml. 72d1 . co crochfaidea he ar hí.¤ in cinedu doenna, PH 2366. nícon deine tú fén do í.¤ , 3337 .

II

(a) cure ; act of curing, healing : dia íc din galar hi robae, Ml. 48d28 . inna somailse inna íce `of the sweetness of the healing,' 50c11 . ícc ecesia ( ἄχεσις ) graece salus latine, Corm. Y 767. ic .i. leigius, Lec. Gl. 182 (M). th'í.¤ don chlaime, Lat. Lives 72.7 . sóera ainme, essóera ícce `ready to injure, never ready to heal,' Tec. Corm. § 16.30 . focheird ... lubi ícci ... i cnedaib ... Ch., TBC-LL¹ 2478. tancatar fiallach ícci ┐ legis da n-í.¤ ┐ da leiges, 3587 . ar luibh íce, ar n-órtha chodail, TD 25 § 7.

(b) solution (of a problem): is si íc inna cestae sin 'this is the solution to that question', Études Celt. xl 62 ( Ml. 37c16 ). nī frīth ... ī.¤ na cesta sin, ACL iii 3.21 . ona berar ainceas gan ic 'from whom one does not go away with a problem without it being solved', UR 102 § 3 gl. 11 . satisfying, satisfaction : híce do menmansu `in satisfying thy mind,' Ml. 2d13 .

Compds. ¤luib a healing herb, a remedy : íoc-luibh iomorra an mhiorr, TSh. 7684. íoc-luibhe borba do-bheir Dia dhóibh do shlánughadh a n-anmann, 8195 . galar gan íoc-luibh, Keat. Poems 1501. ¤ṡláinte a remedy, salve: do lossaib leighis ┐ ícṡlainti da chor í cnedaib, Acall. 5227. Of musk : suail nach icṡlainti eisiumh `it is almost a panacea (?),' Marco P. § 43. doghní an úir sin ic-ṡlainti da gach aen nos-toimliunn, § 173. íocshláinte fhóireas gach nimh, DDána 7 § 31. ¤ṡláintech remedial, healing: an Fhaoisidin oiríseal, iocshláinteach-so, Donlevy pref. xiii 24 . fios na n-earradh n-íoc-shláinteach, TSh. 2308.

imm-folngai, imm-foilngi

Cite this: eDIL s.v. imm-folngai, imm-foilngi or dil.ie/27844
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: imfolngi, imme-folngi, imfolngai, n-immolngai, -imuilngend, imfolngar, imfolangar, n-immolngaithær, immefolṅget, immefolngat, imfolnget, rimfolṅgar, imfolngaesiu, imforlainge, immefolnga, immefolngither, immafolṅget, immefolnged, arna-himfoilnged, imfolangide, imfolngitis, imfolnguba, imimforlaingis, imforlaing, imforling, immoforling, imforlinged, dianimforlainged, immeforlaingthea, immedorlig, imoilg, immoroilged, imfuilgnes, imfuilnged, imḟulaing, imfuling, imḟolang

v indic. pres. s. 3 imfolngi, Wb. 4d32 . imme-folngi, Ml. 81c14 . imfolngai, Ml. 42c4 . co n-immolngai , Sg. 199a5 . -imuilngend, Bechbretha 54 § 10 gl. b . pass. imfolngar, Ml. 31d10 . imfolangar, 122c5 . dia n-immolngaithær , Sg. 3a2 . pl. 3 immefolṅget, Wb. 12a19 . immefolngat, 5d1 . Thes. ii 33.23 , Sg. 3a11 . Ml. 47b7 . ní imfolnget , Ml. 78d8 . Subj. pres. s. 1 (perf.) arna rimfolṅgar , Wb. 10c14 (or perhaps subj. pass. sg. (perf.), see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 569 ). s. 2 imfolngaesiu gl. efficeris, Ml. 43a20 . With ro: con imforlainge , 78a8 . s. 3 immefolnga, 27d20 . Pass. sg. immefolngither, Ml. 23c5 . pl. 3 immafolṅget, Wb. 25c10 . subj. past s. 3 immefolnged, Ml. 95a5 . arna-himfoilnged, Mon. Tall. 145.1 . pass. arna imfolangide , Ml. 88b15 . pl. 3 na imfolngitis , Ml. 38a7 . fut. s. 3 imfolnguba, 142b3 . perf. s. 2 imimforlaingis se, 38d18 . s. 3 imforlaing, 61b4 . imforling, Wb. 5b21 . immoforling, 10a18 . pass. s. imforlinged, Wb. 15b21 . dianimforlainged, Ml. 69d4 . pl. immeforlaingthea gl. quae ... effecta erant, 63b6 .

Pret. forms without -n-: s. 3 immedorlig gl. exinaniuit autem sé .i. humiliauit, ZCP vii 484.2 (Enchir. Aug.). roimoilgestar gl. aridralastar, Thes. ii 346.23 . conar imoilg , Aen. 2329. pass. immoroilged, Ériu ii 102 § 11.

As simple vb. i-stem.: indic. pres. s. 3 imfuilgnes, Fél. 146.17 . impf. s. 3 no imfuilnged , LB 128a3 . perf. s. 3 ro imḟulaing , IT ii 468.93 . ro imfuling , PH 3430. Vn. imḟolang.

(a) causes, produces, makes, effects: imfolngi in tristitia sin salutem `worketh,' Wb. 16b10 . imfolngi corp dosom `he makes to him a body,' 9d8 . imfolngai són amlabar inní frissarater `that makes dumb ...,' Ml. 42c4 . issed immeḟolṅgai a ḟorbairt `'tis this that causes it to grow,' Sg. 128b3 . gniid side co n-immolṅgai side cesad fuiri sidi `it acts so as to cause passion on it,' 199a5 . imforling hícc a mbeicc rochreti `it has wrought the salvation of the few,' Wb. 5b21 . is rad dée immumforling conda apstal `it is God's grace which has caused me to be an apostle,' 13b6 . it he immefolngat a thristimchel deacc `it is they that constitute its thirteenth circuit,' Thes. ii 33.23 . ata dechor immefolṅgat tria n-emnad `there is a difference which they produce by doubling them,' Sg. 3a11 . teistiu int síl immefolangar tri chomaccubur `the emission of the seed which is produced by concupiscence,' Ml. 71c6 . imimforlaingisse promthe trisna fochaidi `thou hast made me proved through afflictions·', 38d18 . imfolngar gním di suidib `a deed is effected from them,' Ml. 31d10 . a folad dia n-immolṅgaithær vox `the substance from which vox is produced,' Sg. 3a2 . is amlaid tregdas rinn na fergai in anmain co n-imfolngai bās do suidiu, ZCP iii 26.28 . cid imfuilnges sin a thrógnait what is the cause of that, thou poor thing?, Fél. 146.17 . ma folo neach trog diaraile .i. ma dia nimfuilge neach in trog sin dia cheile, O'Curry 1879 (< 23 P 3, fo. 21 (23)b ). adhband trīrech imefuilnge gol, Corm. Y 721. arnahimfoilnged imned dó ind roítu `lest excessive thirst should cause him suffering,' Mon. Tall. 145.1 . a nathraig ro-imfuling bás do nathrachaib na ṅdruad, PH 3430. rimfhulaing imut in eisc sadbrius mor dond lucht aca raba comus ind inbir, RC xlvi 234.14 . roiarfaig Gerg do drui ... cid ro imḟulaiṅg in gaéth sin, IT iii 468.93 . is do cruthugad in domain immoroilged la essergi Críst `of the formation of the world which has been effected by Christ's Resurrection,' Ériu ii 102 § 11.

(b) supports, sustains: ni fuilgend nech cin araile .i. noch nimfuilginn nech cina nech eile acht a cina foden, Laws i 282.35 Comm. is e biad uais dligthec imfhuilnges in taen bis don chined `food ... which sustains one who is of the tribe,' ii 234.11 Comm. infean cach bes siu ocus anall, infoilngead ime indric atarru samlaid `they sustain a lawful fence between them,' Laws iv 138.18 . co n-imfuilngither in eric `that the eric may be sustained,' O'Dav. 153. imfoilng[i] .i. imnertad ut est imfuilngi guth i folachtaibh toibh `thou supportest a voice,' 1094 . frisin tuirid cloiche no imfuilnged in tech, LB 128a3 . is e biad nosimfuilnged .i. bleid mila muridhi, YBL 84a22 . long imfuilnghes seol `a ship that carries a sail,' RC xxiv 377.5 . nī imfhuilngess dronga móra do na Rōmānchaibh what supports, Fl. Earls 182.12 .

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