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2 abairt

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 abairt or dil.ie/37

 

Forms: abhairt

n [ā], f. Initial a- somet. marked long, but quantity not fixed by rhyming exx. Prob. vn. of *ad-beir. The lenition in abhairt, H 3.18 603 prob. an error. f., IGT Decl. § 42 .

(a) game, feat, trick: ni hadha dom anmuin apairt romnett, Ériu ii 3.3 `not due to my soul is the deed (or feat) that has quelled (?) me', p. 7 . abras ┐ a.¤ dogní int ócláech . . . focheird a bunsaig rout n-aurchora úad . . ., TBFr. 49 . ba si abreth (a.¤, v.l.) dogniad C. . . . .i. dobeired a da mér immon cailg ndét . . ., Ériu iii 142.231 . cidne apairte dorigne m'athair ag bein a cind doit dé .i. dó Art, 23 E 29 34b2 . dosgní cuclaide . . . ┐ abarta inganta (of the ark), LB 128a50 . fochann . . . tresa ttángattar . . . na habarta fúalaing ┐ folúaimhnighe ain fáoi-siumh, BS § 1 . In association with reb: reb ┐ ā.¤ , TBC-I¹ 1796 . roboth ocond reibsin ┐ ocond á.¤ on tráth coraile, 1418 . lorg . . . ba sed a reba ┐ abairti, MU² 629 . reba ┐ abarta, TBC-LL¹ 5191 . a.¤ .i. ab arte .i. issī a.¤ doní .i. elada, O'Mulc. 10 . ar ae .i. ar a a.¤ .i. ar a dán, Laws v 460.4 Comm. a.¤ .i. cleas, H 3.18, 603a . a.¤ .i. bés, H 3.18, 51b . a.¤ .i. ealadha no bés, O'Cl. a.¤ .i. indell, Lec. Gl. 397 .

(b) performance, behaviour: fo dhaig dognith apairt dia sirsilliudh `for it was his wont to gaze at her continually', Ériu xii 164 § 3 (TE2). ba hisin . . . a abair[t] this was how he behaved, RC ix 470.16 . bliadain . . . ocund ábairt se (of birds), IT iii 244.39 . .i. cleas, 276 § 4 (H 3.18, 603.25). Freq. with prep. FOR; teora mí dó forsan a.¤ sin (of a magic ox), BNnÉ 186 § 23 . secht misa dhoibh forsan abart sin (of a host beleaguering a city), Marco P. 151 . dia coscc don apairt sin (of reviling), Fen. 116.10 . co n-á.¤ imtholta, TBC-LL¹ 5325 = co mmīad imtholton, TBC-I¹ 3263 .

accais

Cite this: eDIL s.v. accais or dil.ie/142

 

Forms: accuis, accuis, accais, acaissi, acsi, aicsin, aicsin, aicsenaib

n f. In O.Ir. glosses accuis (Lat. occasio, see GOI § 302 ). Pedersen Vgl. Gr. (i 476) distinguishes a word accais < *adcais (We. achas), but the various meanings can be explained as easily from a single form accais < Lat. occasio. g s. accuis, Alex. 297 . accais, O'Dav. 399 . acaissi, Fl. Earls 132.25 . n p. acsi, Corm. Y 1082 v.l. (achuis, text, Anecd. iv 96.23 ). Also as n-stem a s. aicsin, Ml. 38c4 . n p. inna aicsin , 51d15 . d p. dinaib aicsenaib , 62a22 . See aicsenach.

(a) cause, reason: acuis .i. a causa , Corm. Y 10 (cf. O'Mulc. 11 ). ? bri gach ṅ-a.¤ , Corm. 8 = cach n-ogus, Corm. Y 149 . issí ade accuis `this is the cause', Ml. 104c1 . ní si accuis insin arinrogab Duaid `that is not the reason for which David sang it', 35a8 . nach accuis trissanétatsat som inna anu hisin , 57a3 . sainaccuis do Duaid sech cách, 36c11 . cen fochunn ┐ cen accuis, 46b14 , 126d17 . ar main bed accuiss na precepte sin `for if it were not because of that teaching', Wb. 9b19 . in di accuis, Sg. 200a13 . it hē achuis (acsi, v.l.) ar a nglanaiter, Corm. Y 1082 = aicsin, Corm. Bodl. 38 . sain didiu accuis as rohainmniged cach āe, Corm. Y 1079 . nisber nach a.¤ aile acht dul tar bur cenn-si there is no other reason for it(?), Anecd. i. 43.18 . acais toirge na nDéise, Ériu iii 135.2 .

In prep. phrases: ar accuis pectho `because of sin', Ml. 60b19 . ar accuis tesairgne do mnai ríg Érend, LU 10770 = ar cuis, Ériu xii 170.5 (TE). ?fu acis gl. sub obtentu, Thes. i 498.29 . hua accuiss sulbairichthe `because of politeness', Sg. 45b3 . trena a.¤ (i.e. because of Findabair), LL 11323 (TBC).

In Laws cause, occasion of injury to others, hence offence, crime(?). Cf. it he ceithri anmand cinath conlat ar diuit: tucait, ag, acais, etgid, O'Mulc. 456 . dilis do ceilib . . . seoit . . . acht fris-rognat a flaithe . . . na dernat acais a mbais `wenn sie . . . ihren Tod nicht verursacht haben' (i.e. have committed no crime leading to their lord's death), ZCP xiv 362 § 22 , see p. 363 . caide fochonn, caide agh, caide acais . . . acúis don gnímh son do gní nech for torbha do budein ┐ imaric aimles nach aile de cin elguin ┐ ní duine féin is fer láimhe di `acuis' is that deed which one does for one's own advantage and from which disadvantage ensues to another person though he has committed no crime and is not the perpetrator thereof(?), O'D. 577 (H.3. 17, 444). See 3 ág. gan ágh, gan a.¤, gan urcoid . . . a n-adrad h'arm, MR 294.15 .

(b) hatred, enmity, rancour etc.: acais dhlighidh, Ériu xiii 25.6 glossed .i. aor no mallacht . . . no a.¤ .i. immidh, O'Dav. 40, 399 (cf. ZCP xiv 7 ). aincis (acais, v.l.) is miscaith namá / dhá ṡenainm na mallachta, Metr. Gl. 14 § 29 . fí fo builc .i. a.¤ fo thuind, RC xx 252.1 (ACC). ferb .i. bolg .i. acuis fo tuinn, O'D. 27 (H 3.17, col. 25). na bi ar acais na miscais do gní acht do rellad na firinne, O'Curry 2599 ( Eg. 88 fo. 51 (52)a ). is tromsceo a.¤ ┐ duabais ┐ neime for cech n-aen, Alex. 297 . ro aorfadaois o acois ┐ o breachtradh an dána virulence(?), ZCP x 278.3 . doní geōin ┐ acu[i]s ┐ díghbhāil, Feis Tighe Chonáin 464 . narbham uan go n-acais fhaoil (i.e. a wolf in sheep's clothing), Aithd. D. 73.16 . lomnán d'imneadh is d'achais (sic), O'Hara 3262 . gapuis . . . ben oile . . . doigh ētta, imthnūith ┐ acaissi di, Fl. Earls 132.25 .

Of disease, illness (cf. is aon n-aicsina fo dera gallra ┐ aincesa, Laws v 352.19 ): rom-soerae, á Ísu / ar a.¤ cech thedmae from every disease, Fél. Ep. 518 . rot gob acais .i. mor galara, YBL 137a17 . indtan rob āiniom ndō, rotgab acais mōr (of disease of Emperor Constantine), ZCP iii 227.2 . galar gan a.¤ gan anbḟorlann, ALC ii 400.15 .

In concrete sense poison, venom: delg co n-acais ina chois co nderna tart ar feith inti `festering', BColm. 42.18 .

ad-anaig

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-anaig or dil.ie/294

 

Forms: atnagar, -adhnas, nommadnaiss, adnastar, adanastais, atomanaste, adnasta, adnocht, adnacht, adranact, adranacht, adnacht, adnacht, roadnachta, adnaicid, adlaicid, annlaicid, adnachte, adnacul

v ( ad-anag-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 456 ). Forms: Indic. pres. pass. sg. atnagar (influenced by vn., Ped. loc. cit.), LU 10472 . Subj. pres. 1 s. -adhnas, RC x 82.22 . 2 s. nommadnaiss, Trip.² 922 . Pass. sg. adnastar, 2991 . Subj. impf. 3 pl. co adanastais , Ml. 100c23 . Pass. s. atomanaste, Wb. 14c20 . no adnasta , Trip.² 2987 . Perf. 3 s. ro adnocht , RC xxiv 182.12 . Pret. pass. sg. adnacht, MacCarthy 150.11 . Perf. adranact, Thes. ii 242.10 (Ardm.). adranacht .i. ro adnacht , ACC § 113 ( RC xx 280 ). ro adnacht , Trip.² 2994 . Pass. pl. roadnachta, Rawl. 79a3 .

Later as simple vb. adnaicid, adlaicid, annlaicid.

Part. adnachte, Sg. 20a4 .

Vn. adnacul.

(a) escorts, conveys, brings: atomanaste gl. uolui . . . deduci, Wb. 14c20 . atnagar Emer hisin Craebrúaid co Concobur E. is escorted into the C., LU 10472 .

(b) buries, entombs: co adanastais gl. ut mandarentur terrae, Ml. 100c23 . atbath som ┐ adranacht hi firt, O'Curry 779 (H 3.18 p. 365b). ar ecnairc a adnacail atranacht i cloich, Ériu i 122.31 . adradnacht cend Conchobuir / for a cholaind i Machi, LU 11060 . acht corom adnaicthi i mmullach T. provided I be buried on top of T., Trip.² 802 . corus adnaic hi talmain Uisneich, Dinds. 7 ( RC xv 297 ). roadnaicset a marbv, TTr.² 1258 . ro-cuindig . . . airm i n-adnaicfidea where she should be buried, Dinds. 18 ( RC xv 311 ). ro-m-uc lais cus-in ádnocul in ro-ádnaicius hé, PH 3735 . fuair bás obann . . . ┐ do hadhnaiceadh i n-ifreann, TSh. 563 . dohadlaiced co honorach hi (i.e. in choland) ┐ dohadnaiced imorro . . . in cend, ZCP xiv 150.14 . adhlaicthear thú . . ./ i n-uaigh chumhaing, Dán Dé iii 26 . gach nech adhlaicfithir am reigleis, BNnÉ 111 § 52 . airi sin nach andlaiccear a nD. . . . caillech, ZCP v 22 § 8 . adēr rib dā n-andlaicther / in cāech a nDruim na n-aingel / iffernd don lucht aindleōchas, § 9. an eclus inar handluicedh Martain, BCC § 255 .

1 adrad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 adrad or dil.ie/533

 

u, later o, m. Vn. of 1 adraid. act of adoring, worshipping; adoration: dom a.¤ , Wb. 5a27 . a.¤ dǽ, 6d8 . etarcnae ṅdæ ┐ a.¤ gl. cultura [divina], Ml. 129c13 . ní fíra.¤ . . . bís leu du dia., 42a14 . mor do rat . . . du læri frit a.¤-su, 136c11 . adrada idal gl. profanitate, 49a23 . adartha gl. adorandi, 116b4 . occ t-a.¤-so, Wb. 5a25 . do a.¤ bachal `to worship Baal', 5a29 . dia molad ┐ dia a.¤ , Ml. 67b24 . conna dechsam i n-adradu idal, 62d1 . condechuid-som isna adradu hisin `so that he came to those adorations', 65d12 . o a.¤ ind idail áin, SR 7045 . conscerthar ar n-a.¤-ni ┐ ar ngentlecht, Trip.² 352 . sollamon n-adratha .i. Casc no Nollog, Laws v 398.11, 17 Comm. aes . . . adhartha idhul, Ériu ii 114 § 38 . lucht adhairthe an anma-so Iosa, Parrth. Anma 3913 . ar son a adhartha, DDána 37.42 . deuna gníomh adhraidh `make an act of adoration', Donlevy 406.2 . ag adhradh do Chrom Chruaidh, Keat. ii 1923 . In phrases. dia adartha: Coll, Cécht ┐ Grian fá déé adartha dhóibh, Keat. i 222.25 . asé is dia adhartha dhó `the god whom he worships', Marco P. 161 . do bheannaigeas dhōibh treasna dēibh adharthae, Feis Tighe Chonáin 167 . ail adartha rock of adoration: ail adrada (as a landmark), Laws iv 142.16 Comm. cranncor no airisem iman ailig nadhartha (as means of decision), O'Curry 2569 (Eg. 88, 48(49)a) = 2587 (49(50)d) with added comment: ar ni tualaing nech duine ro mestar fir d'anteist acht inti uma aici menma na nuile. Perh. a christian explanation of some heathen mode of divination (= incubation), Plummer MS. notes. fir n-airisme fri haltoir .i. in t-airismetu im ailig n-adartha, Laws v 470.34, 472.21 Comm. (where text has substituted the Christian analogue while the comment preserves the heathen aspect, Plummer). ?As n.loc. rocumsat a.¤ and conid de asbert A.¤ ingene Lūachāin, BColm. 18 § 17 .

aibrit(h)iud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aibrit(h)iud or dil.ie/746

 

n twinkling of an eye, second: is in dēniu aibritid tresngata na huile dúile súas coricci riched. Is denitir sin rosaigh fudumne pene ┐ rosaig turcbail ┐ funed negrene . . . hisin doen a.¤ ( = isind oen a.¤), Mon. Tall. 162.37 (§ 85) . elivavit manam suam cum evangelio de (leg. d'óen, edd.) a.¤ atarann in tene muindtir cluana mac nois `at the moment when', 25 . aibrithiudh cotulto, Gael. 50 , 135 (`a wink of sleep', Blathm. 720 ). ra loisced . . . / re haidbriud oenuaire, LL 3232 (? leg. aidbritiud, line one syllable short). Note follg. exx. which edd. refer to brothad, brathad: con-das-marband raa braithiud n-óenúaire in a moment of time, MU² 631 . nos ithend fo chétóir friha brathad sula `in the twinkling of an eye', RC x 56.6 ( LU 1895 ).

aiccecht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aiccecht or dil.ie/754

 

Forms: aiccept, aiceacht

n m. (Lat. accepta, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 236 , acceptum, Vendr. Lex.). Also aiccept. aiceacht m. IGT Decl. § 24 . Later also f.: gurab í an aiceacht, Eochairsg. 4.y . ba hisin aicept, Hugh Roe 124.7 (fo. 33a ). With lenited -c- aicheapt, Desid. 4839 (cf. aithchecht). Later cecht q.v. Lesson, instruction, precept: lectio .i. aicecht, Ir. Gl. 868 . aiccicht .i. icht a n-aice ar is i n-ace bīs an deiscipal acind aiti, Corm. Y 88 . Cf. O'Mulc. 12 . brathchai .i. bretho Cai ainm aicepta bēlri, 125 . dí raínd déc ínti ┐ acept bliadna i ncech raind (of studying verse), IT iii 31.10 . foric in n-écsíne oc múnud a aiciuchta, LU 11002 . tech n-aiccepta, Mer. Uil. 143 . co ro erb don mac mebrugud a aiccepta, Fél. 12.14 . staruidhe .i. fear ag a mbí triocha d'aiceachtaibh naomhtha ina fhoghloim, MS. Mat. 494.30 . an t-aiceachtsa do fhégh soin / do légh aitteachtsa an ughdoir, L. Cl. A. B. 176 § 109 . an aiceacht d'fhág Sé aice precept, Eochairsg. 4.y . In phrases: do-gní a.¤ do gives instruction to: dorinne-sium aiccept dóib-sim, Mer. Uil. 127 . do dēnum accechta dī, BColm. 18.16 . do-gní a.¤ learns lessons: dognidh tri haicechta gach láe la Barrai, BNnÉ 16.11 . occ denamh in aicipta, Lism. L. 4152 . do bhínn dá n-aiteacht don ḟior / gach aiceacht díbh dá ndéiniodh, TD 23.7 . do-beir a.¤ do gives a prescription, precept to: truagh nach tabhair . . . aiceacht an Daghdha dhamh / d' aithteacht a anma i nEoghan a pity you do not give me the Dagda's prescription to revive Eoghan's life, DDána 65.35 . do theagasg an phobail ┐ dá thabhairt mar aiceacht dóibh . . ., TSh. 151 . ro gab ferg an senoir . . . ┐ tucc aicept mór dó he gave him a serious reprimand, BCC 170.17 . do bi C. ag tabhairt aicepta do C.C. trias an cath sin do cuiredh trid, 186.y.

Cf. airaiccecht.

aiccend

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aiccend or dil.ie/757

 

Forms: aiccent

n o, m. Also aiccent (Lat. accentus, Vendr. Lex.) accent (gramm. term): ind (leg. int?) a.¤ bias forsind ainmnid, Sg. 207a6 . coneperthae cia aiccent ┐ cisi aimser derb thechtas, 26a6 . buith ind aiccind in fine `the accent's being on the end', 213b1 . nert an aiccind, b3 . huare is fo oen (sic leg.) aicciund adfiadar, 74b8 . iar riagoil chenelaig a.¤ indobriathraib amal as ṅdliged aicend indóbriathraib olchene, 220a5 . do chenéul in aiccendaib, 75a7 . Perh. infl. by aicned nature (or is this the word intended?) in: comacomul . . . ceneóil ┐ . . . folaidh ┐ airmhi ┐ aicenta, Auraic. 1902 . is e int a.¤ hisin, ib. dinin disail a forbaidh .i. a aicnid lasin Laitneoir, 1544 , aiccent, 4130 etc.

3 áige

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 áige or dil.ie/918

 

Forms: ága(e)

n also ága(e). io, m. Perh. same word as 1, 2 áige time, fixed period: mithisse .vii. mbliadna . . . tanic de in t-áge hísin LU 11034 . ní laimthea a sarugud co tísed áigi na bliadna sin (i.e. the Feis Temra or Óenach Tailten), 4214 . rochuinigh . . . an ben a tochra i n-āge a gellta `at the time for which it had been promised', BColm. 92.3 . ó ocht calne Apréile . . . co hOctimbir á.¤ (: ráde) `until the period of O.', Ériu iii 104 § 39 . in treas cath i n-aga aimsire int sannruth, BB 491a19 . i cinn an á.¤ , Aisl. Tond. 93 § 2 . ní fil m'á.¤ ní bas sía `my span of life lasts no longer', Metr. Dinds. iv 28.47 . cach ági at every season, Imr. Brain 13.3 . . dcccc. age selbai, ZCP xii 363.28 . oin co aige .i. casc no nollac a loan until a definite day, Laws iii 492.11, 12 Comm. attat secht n-airligthe do-sliat loig n-einech mani thoirsait (leg. thairsit) a n-agai dia tecmai gabud i n-agui a n-eurca `if they are not returned at the speci- fied time', v 372.12 . airligud do fiur adbaill re n-agu a erce, 370.y . on (= ōn) fri hanairchenn, ni nasccar, ni cinnter a agae, 368.16 . in tan cindter aigi dithma forro when the time of their forfeiture is fixed, 246.8 Comm. ni forsna fuirmither aige a thing for which no period is fixed, i 146.6 Comm. co mbere [in bó] laeg isin aige ro gellad, O'Curry 653 ( H 3.18, 316 ). cidbe aige gnath no ingnath berius, 654 (ib. 318).

Cf. aga.

aimser

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aimser or dil.ie/1149
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: amser, aimsir, aimsire, aimsiri, aimsire, aimsir, aimsera, aimseara, aimsior, aimseraib

n ā, f. (see Celtica i 339 ) n s. ind a.¤ , Sg. 66b12 . ind amser , Thes. ii 229.26 (PCr.). a s. aimsir, Wb. 9a9 . g s. aimsire, Sg. 66b15 . aimsiri, LU 8049 . ? an aimsire , O'Curry 1902 ( 23 P 3 , 23 (21)b ). d s. aimsir, Wb. 23d23 . n p. aimsera, RC xlix 7 § 3 . a p. aimseara, BDD² 261 . g p. aimsior, MS. Mat. 572.29 . d p. aimseraib, SR 10 . See Vendr. Lex.

(a) point of time: condidtísed ind a.¤ ba chomadas dó, Wb. 21a1 . tánicc a.¤ mo idbarte se, 30d11 . isind aimsir sin, 13b1 . tanicc a.¤ derb togle troi, desmrecht insin ar aimsir deirb, Sg. 66b17 . cisi a.¤ hi forcomnactar in gnimai `at what time the deeds took place', Ml. 97a5 . is í sein trá amser i llotár in macrad, LU 6344 (TBC). cethardai condagar da cech elathain .i. locc ┐ a.¤ ┐ persa ┐ fáth airicc (a common opening of Irish treatises), Fél. 2.1 (cf. Laws i 2-4 ). aimsir cinnte a báis, RC xii 336 § 27 . adeir fellsam díb anuair docí sé curab a.¤that it is the right time for it, Maund. 204 . Note also: tōet for m'ainech-sa co fārgub-sa Temair lais ar nī lim ind a.¤ rucus brith it is no longer mine since I gave the judgement, ZCP viii 311.36 .

(b) period of time, span, spell: robói a.¤ nad rochreitsid `there was a time that ye have not believed', Wb. 5c10 . ataat alaili feidligte ho aimsir `there are some who endure for a while', Ml. 21d4 . ilardatu inna aimsire mbite som isind fognam, 28b9 . baí oca amser már iar sin for a long time, LL 14554 . in aroli d'aimsir, Hom. Leg. 77.15 . fri re n-aimsire for a while, TFrag. 76.5 . ?immusrala muir aimsera co tāncatar Éirind time and tide served(?) (or for aimserda?), ZCP viii 312.14 . ar séan uaire ┐ aimsire, TD 41.15 . i cind amsire iartain fácbaim-se E., LL 7332 . tug an toice re haimsir / druim riom . . ., for a time, DDána 90.2 . ó aimsir go haimsir from time to time (i.e. occasionally), Keat. i 80.21 . gacha haimsire `always', Fl. Earls 122.22 . term, stage: fiarfaighter an bind iiii h-aimsera a gach fiabrus, RC xlix 7 § 3 . beir tri h-aimsera gerra ad tigernus fen aris, BCC 374.7 . i n-aimseruib laith, Laws v 268.20 . Of a legal period a.¤ togu: cadiad aimsira thogha? . . . a cinn a ceithre mbliadhan dec do ingin, a cinn secht mbliadan dec do mac, i.e. the end of the fosterage period, 14 years for a girl, 17 years for a boy, after which a choice could be made between marriage or the religious life, Laws ii 192.13 Comm. , Stud. in E. Ir. Law 188 . a n-aimsir dithma, Laws ii 114.19 Comm. a.¤ aenaid, aimsir dunaig, v 302. 32 . a.¤ chue see cóe. fixed-term agreement (of service): do-rinneadur aimsear re chēile go ceann bliadhna 'they made an agreement of service between them for a year' Celtica iv 70.205 .

(c) period, age, epoch: á aimsir in n-aimsir a saigal hi saigul, Ml. 115b7 . ri co ruinib robai fail / ria ndúilib rianaimseraib, SR 10 . ó cheudtos na naimsior gus aniu, MS. Matthew 572.29 . hisin chethramad amsir in domain táncatar Gaedil i nHérind, LL 1804 . fri remius chóic n-aimser cósin `for the space of five ages' (before the crucifixion), ZCP iv 388.2 . ré cúig n-aimsear during five ages, DDána 20.12 . rule, reign, time of specific persons: i namseir da mac Aeda Sláne, Thes. ii 298.25 . nach raibi 'na righ-aimsir eineach badh urdrucu, Hy Maine 135.12 . i n-amsir na náem, LL 298b5 ( SG 367.2 ). d'aimsir na n-apstal, TSh. 5008 . Of contemporary time: conricci in n-aimsir hi taam, Wb. 9a9 . is it amsir cluinti se / longes tri mac n-ard n-Uisle, IT i 70.7 (L. mac nU.). ro derscaigestar a tech . . . do thigib inna hamsiri sin uli, LU 8049 ( FB 1 ). rosháraigh na uili macu a aimsiri ar mét, RC x 188.3 . bo geis . . . don ḟilidh isin aimsir sin anfis do beith fair at that time, ACL iii 4.19 . lucht énaimsire contemporaries, Mart. Don. Feb. 7 . lifetime, life: do chomurtha a slánti ┐ tormmaig a amsire iarum, RC xii 436 § 46 . senoir . . . ar caithemh forgla a aisi ┐ a aimsiri, x 191.8 . biaidh m'aimsear 'n-a héanlaithibh, DDána 6.35 . do chaith a aimsir go haithrigheach, TSh. 413 .

(d) season (of year); weather: dorala ind aimsir geimrid it happened in the season of winter, Trip.² 112 . i naimsir in geamfuachta, Laws i 2.7 . i naimsir erraig, ii 120.17 Comm. to-tét meas fo aimsera, BDD² 261 . do 4 haimsearachaib na bliadhna, Corp. Astron. 16.1 . ba ro-mhaith in a.¤ ┐ na sligthe frissin ré sin weather, Fl. Earls 80.24 . aimsir theinntide thessaide neimhneach, 192.x.

(e) Gramm. Of the `time' or length of sounds and syllables: liquidae .i. hit lechdacha lesom in tan nád techtat acht oin aimsir `he deems them liquids when they have only one time', Sg. 5a10 . fat aimsire na sillab, Fél.² ccviii 5 . is cumair sin ┐ ni bi fair acht aimsear co leith tantum . . . da aimsir . . . forsin nguthaige fota, Auraic. 1349 . intan immorro is aenguthaige amal ata a o alt eter da aimsir and, 1432 . Of tense: issí ind amser éccríchtha `the unlimited tense (the aorist)', Thes. ii 229.26 ( PCr. 62b2 ).

? Temporal adverb: áirmhe náid aimseara . . . lochdach . . . a ttús chomhfhocuil cheirt, IGT Introd. 24 § 97 . áirmhe ┐ aimseara . . . aimseara, íairmbérla coimhleanamhna: ané, aniogh . . . lochdach a ttús chomhfhocuil íad, 28 § 125 .

ainbthenach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ainbthenach or dil.ie/1184

 

adj o, ā (ainbthen) stormy: brenlocha ainbthencha, LU 2423 . tar tuinn trethain .i. anfenaigh, O'Dav. 1576 . ainfenach, TTebe 2668 . ba . . . gaothach (ain)ainfenach an oidhche hisin , AFM i 384.8 . Dia dot eadráin . . . ar mhoir n-ainbhthinigh idir `from all stormy seas', Studies 1921, 73 § 3 . tonna . . . ainbhthineacha, ML² 669 . for imarchor an oicein anfenaigh, Stair Erc. 265 . tar an ler nárd nainfinech, L. Chl. S. § 19 . gluaisidh sé a sín ainbhfeonaigh, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 360.2 . na da cris . . . ainbhteanacha, MR 112.13 . an sín n-ainbtheanaigh n-adhḟuair, TD 15.54 . Fig. nír bo thoirneach ainbtineach a fhlaith, BDD² 191 . do mac Echach ainbtenach, SG 373.5 . a thonn ainbhtheanach aigéin (to a chief), Aithd. D. 46.23 . sluagh tren troma.¤ (sic leg.), TBC-LL¹ 5511 .

ainmmnigud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ainmmnigud or dil.ie/1477
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: ainmniochadh

u, m. vn. of ainmmnigid. ainmniochadh, IGT Verbs § 106 .

(a) act of naming: ind ainmnigthe inna persine, Sg. 197b10 . inne ainmmnichthe, 4b4 . nert n-ainmnichthæ pronominis hi cetni persin brethre `the force of naming a pronoun (is) in the first person of a verb', 215a9 . tresin n-a.¤ sin, 59b18 . ainmnigud . . . folaid, 30d5 . With do-beir: doratad int ainmnigud hisin donaib cenélaib `appellation', Ml. 37a16 . With ó: conid uad . . . / gabsat Ulaid ainmnigod, LL 2357 . uadh do iarr a hainmneaghadh, DDána 107.27 . cia harg ó fúair ainmnigod?, Metr. Dinds. ii 42.8 . co ndleagar gach uile ésga a ainmneochan ón mí ana críchnaidter é, O'Gr. Cat. 305.z . With A: dar fhuilngiobhar ar n-óraige asuibh d'ainmniughadh to name my golden work after you, Aithd. D. 19.1 . With DO: donaib clúassaib . . . ind a.¤ sin, Sg. 50a19 . ar sean-ainmniugad sloindti d'fearaib E., MR 144.17 . rigi Condacht d'ainmneochad d'Eochaid the kingship of C. was assigned to E., Ériu ii 182.2 .

(b) act of mentioning : ar n-óentu iar mbēs, iar mbruth, | bīd do grēs ar n-anmnigud 'our union according to habit, to fury, let it be continuously mentioned', SR (Adam and Eve) 34.1175 . urad ┐ a ainmniughadh '(which ought not to be) as much as named', Donlevy 164.10 .

(c) denomination, designation : cach dúil dona-raba ainmniugud isna bérlaib ailib ar-íchta ainmnigthi dóib isin Goídilc 'every element which had no designation in the other languages, designations were found for them in Irish', Auraic.² 48 § 1,17 . secht n-ainmnigthi cell `seven denominations of churches', Laws v 120.1 Comm.

Gramm. nominative case: in fer a ainmniugud, Auraic. 799 , 1517 .

airitiu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airitiu or dil.ie/2148

 

Forms: airitiud

n, f. Vn. of ar-eim ( GOI § 837 ). Cf. Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 513 . Also airitiud.

(a) act of receiving: eritiu briathar ho neuch anall, Ml. 59a15 . ar is tri humaldóit robói ind aritiu hísin gl. dico enim Jesum Christum ministrum fuisse circumcisionis, Wb. 6d5 . a.¤ lóge ar mo precept, 10d31 . re n-airite gráid `before ordination', 28c6.20 . i núrt airiten fochricce do fíríanaib, 13b27 . i n-áiritiu indocbále `in the reception of glory', 4b9 . do a.¤ hirisse `to receive the faith', 19c13 . occa n-airitin na forcetal sin, 16a12 . isind airite gl. inpertitione, Ml. 24a14 . a.¤ in tsacrafaic `to receive the sacrament', Mon. Tall. 146.24 (§ 51) . cen airitin a cobsen `without receiving his confession', 147.30 (§ 54) . cach a.¤ iar coir, Laws iii 36.7 (or in meaning (d) ?) ūasalgrād saccairt do eritin lai[s]-sium, BColm. 30 § 31 . do airidin graidh espoic fair, Lism. L. 216 . airidin .i. gabháil, O'Cl.

(b) act of accepting: a.¤ colno dond macc, Wb. 7c13 . a nemfairitiu `not to accept it', Mon. Tall. 141.12 (§ 35) . issed asbert helair a airidiu `H. replied that he should accept it', 128.18 (§ 4) . ar airitin sēt uad ar bēs n-airc[h]endchaige, Corm. Y 81 . rucus airitin iairnn i ṅgell I have decided that iron is to be accepted as a pledge (a legal decision), ZCP xv 314 § 8 . dia toirge in cheili daorrath do airitin on flaith if the client offer to accept base clientship . . ., O'D. 237 (H. 3.17, c. 189). muna innisi intí ór cennaigh is fiach cubusbraith . . . uadh; muna innisi intí risi rec is fiach airitin (sic) no ditin uadh. Deithbir itir in f. a.¤ ┐ in f. d. . . . an a.¤ doní do féin ┐ doní do neoch aile: in ditiu imurro do neoch aile doní í, 853 ( H 3.17, c. 606 ). imscarad imtoga co n-a.¤ (.i. ac in ceili) ┐ logud (.i. acon flaith on cheile) . . . acht ni ima teilge logad n-airiten, ZCP xiv 384 § 49 ( Laws ii 312 ). mad a.¤ . . . lais in aithir beth fo cinaidh, i.e. if the father accepts responsibility for the crimes of his son, Laws ii 174.7 Comm. , 178.21 Comm. teora hairite for ceilsine, airite seoit a ndingabar dia dernainn, airit itu (sic) taoib a timceall ar deisal, a.¤ beoil a fonascar ceilsine, O'D. 678 ( H 3.17, c. 497 ). Cf. taige (= -de) .i. in t-airited receiving stolen goods, Laws v 458.12 , 13 Comm. in t-airitiud, .19 Comm. ? ceall oc na frith airithiu tratha, Laws v 118.8 . ni hairitin fri Dia it is unacceptable to God, LB 251a53 . a chomairle do áiritin, PH 4092 . aiccept .i. acceptus .i. airiten, Auraic. 1113 .

(c) act of receiving (a guest): a.¤ Maicc Maire i.e. the Presentation, Fél. Feb. 2 . na nói ngrad . . . biait foimti frit' airitein ready to receive you, SR 840 (= beid foimdi friat airmhidhin, 24 P 27, 17 ). is ges damsa . . . dám oenmná da airitin íar fuin ngréne, BDD² 566 . ? a.¤ cach meic do forcital, Laws iii 34.21 . a.¤ (airitiugh v.l.) .i. biatha[dh], ut est foratha a.¤ oighedh do cach ina moam, O'Dav. 68 . Cf. Laws v 120.22 Comm. Note also: Maelmore do airitin ann beos `M. was taken (i.e. captured) there also', AU iii 344.9 .

(d) act of receiving for safe keeping; hence tending, looking after: ascomren aire échta tara cenn, ná[d] té(i)t tír ná humachaire ind acht lestra[i] lóge bó. beirthius dano dia n-airitiu(th) sechtair co cenn cairdi (of vessels), Críth G. 365 . a airitiudh amuich (of stolen goods), Laws i 56.16 Comm. bassa collid giallasa i n-airitin átha mo thúath, LU 9318 = Anecd. iii 53.2 . ? la araid airitiud la errid imdegail, LL 13839 . oc airitiud a cethra, PH 1031 . d'airichill ┐ do airitin forin coblach to lie in wait for, Alex. 330 . go sleaghuibh . . . leo ra hairitin aigh ┐ irgaili for maintaining, RC xliii 48 § 48 . ise connic ind uli dúl . . . do airitin ┐ do imfulang, Alex. 451 .

2 aithech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 aithech or dil.ie/2606

 

Forms: haithighe, aithig

n in phr. a.¤ tige o, m. master of a house, husband . As ā, f. (g s. na haithighe , O'Dav. 98 . d s. aithig, Ir. Recht 4 § 2 ) mistress of a house, wife . Treated as distinct from 1 aithech by Stokes, O'Dav. 58 , LEIA etc. a.¤ tighe .i. fer tighe, ut est luighe in aithigh thighe ┐ na haithighe tighe `the oath of the master and of the mistress of the house', O'Dav. 98 . [ben] aititen .i. ad-daimther i nn-aithig tigi ┐ ni prim ben, Ir. Recht 4 § 2 . trian do aithiuch tige, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 29 § 11 . nī uīth cuit don m[n]ai sin . . . a n-ōentig aithig tighi, acht a bith i n-uarboith fri less amuig, Cáin Ad. 2 . a macc ar a.¤ tighe (list of pledges for debt), 26 . arces an fer maith hisin ┐ a a.¤ tige the good man complained and his wife, Rawl. B. 512, 33c20 (Plummer MS. notes). ar na tērglas a.¤ tige (céili dingbala v.l.) di in Hērind for a husband had not been chosen for her, Fing. R. 363 ( ZCP iii 5 § 13 ). Without qual. gen. fighting-man, warrior (1 aithech?): a.¤ . . . .i. ni hainm acht do deglaoch, Corm. Y 51 . a.¤ .i. laoch, ut est ar is eccsi iarmofoich . . . ni haithechus .i. ni laochdacht, O'Dav. 53 . is tríut ro marbad m'athair / ro bo deglaech degathaig, TFerbe 691 .

amein

Cite this: eDIL s.v. amein or dil.ie/3125
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: ameind, amin, ammin, amnin, amne, am(e)in(n), imne, aidche

adv also ameind, amin, ammin, amnin, amne, etc. Stressed on second syll., see GOI p. 30 . No rhyming ex. with the form am(e)in(n). imne: aidche, SR 6179 ; amné has long final vowel Ériu liii 138-39: sē: am-nē, Ir. Gosp. Thom. 94 § 18 . imnē: dē, Ériu ii 56 § 14 . amné, SR 5801, 6207 , TE 158.5 , 176.17 . ( am + sin, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 188 . See also Pokorny, ZCP xix 176 and Thurn.'s remarks, GOI p. 570 . Vendr. Lex.).

(a) thus, in that way, in accordance with what has already been said: darigni amin `made it thus', Sg. 31b22 . ? masu ed amin, 192b7 . cia beimmi amin nach ré, Thes. ii 294.1 . forriuth a n-enech ┐ a n-inechgreso amin, IT i 141.27 . co rochindsead úada amne, Ériu iv 156.3 . bid ammin co cend mbliadna, Ériu viii 156.10 . cid amein biaid comét huaim-se and though it be so (= even so), Trip.² 1363 . ? bad fert Scéne ba amne so will it be (.i. conice so), LL 1543 . Cf. fa amne it was thus, Ériu iv 178.20 . co ro loitedh an tír eatorra imáseach amne, AFM iii 284.22 . a dál fu diud / bith amin ní líach, Trip.² 2477 .

Brought forward with copula in emphatic construction: hóre is amne atáa gl. síc et uos, Wb. 12d7 . is amne atáa gl. ideo enim et tributa praestatis, 6a19 . [mass]u amnin ataam, 13c12 . hóre is amne dognither, 9c14 . is amne asruluús airi gl. sic effugi, 17d16 . mad amne (madmne, MS) labrar, 12c36 . is ámin tra as cert in testimin so, Ml. 62c7 . is amne as coir a lathar gl. sic uult accipi (i.e. in this particular sense), 114a9 . ol is amein attáa, Wb. 32a6 . conadh amhein ba forlann somh ┐ ua N. daén aonta in that way, AFM v 1766.18 . Hence ol is a.¤ since it is so, therefore , Wb. 6c8 , 13a13 (`for it is thus').

With follg. explanatory phrase (late use, cf. 1 amlaid): is amne fuaratar Becan ic figi chasil, LL 358 marg. l. 26 . bá imne tangattar lá borrfadh bríghe, AFM v 1766.z . E. . . . as amne fuair aoidhedh, bheith i mbraighdenus, etc., 1576.23 . as amne battar side fora chionn ina ccodailtighibh gan ḟaitces . . ., 1852.17 . With ocus and phrase: bá imne baoí an caislén hisin ┐ lethanchlais . . . ina uirthimcheall, vi 1896.6 .

Apparently reinforcing adverbs of direction and place: L. . . . fil os adart na himda thall amne oc urgartigud a aiti yonder there, LU 3462 ( SCC 24 ). ced leth atá Emain ? Fathúaid amne to the north there, 4865 (TBC). airm itaat Partraigi . . . ra C. na ríg aniardess amne, TBC-LL¹ 624 . ataat da port mathi frind aness amne, LL 271a5 . Etain indiu sund amne, LU 10670 ( Ériu xii 158 § 23 ). a ḟir ucut án amne, LL 275a11 .

(b) Less explicitly so, accordingly, then (often as mere expletive): cen comrac dó fri mna imne (:aidchi), SR 6179 . maccáem tuchtach amne co ngaisciud do íd . . . atotchomnaic all you are is, etc., LU 5657 . regmai ámin, TBFr. 415 . dobér indass fair . . . amim (sic) at all events(?), LU 4866 = amne, TBC-LL¹ 885 . cingsiu amend dia congno well then, step, etc. LU 5182 (TBC). m'aenurān im'airiclān, m'aenurān imne `all alone thus', Ériu ii 56 § 14 . na secht tinne se amne .i. na se tinni argait ité sé lathe . . ., LL 281b21 . oc na cliathaib sin amne / i n-athaib Elga áine, 20636 . cia cocert robói etroib-si arraír ? Ised so amne ro imraidsem cia cumachta is moo . . . well, this is what we discussed, 282b12 . ullmhaigit na hapstail amne dia lāmhoip badhdēin croch `accordingly', Fl. Earls 112.16 .

Hence as interjection introducing a sentence: amein, ol in gillæ, oc saigid dit acallma Senchāin, Corm. Y 1059 ( Anecd. iv 93 ). amein a Cu Ch. . . . dochóid do gal ┐ do gaisced, LU 8878 ( FB 67 ). amain, or Eochaid, nīcon fil for menmain damsa sin uile, Ériu viii 156.22 . In combination with other particles: amen chena, ni mar gach ní etc., MR 262.24 . maith amin well then, TBC-LL¹ 1837 . maith ameind, IT iii 201 § 68 . amein ane fota cotanac, LL 278b14 . In greeting or question and answer: dotháet Cuillius co Ailill. ameind or Ailill. amne dano or Cuillius undar dait sund comartha, LU 5407 = ameind . . . amne dino, TBC-I¹ 929 . amin . . . amné eim, Ériu xii 176.17 (TE2). maith sin a chlerech arse. amin ar Moling, LL 284a50 . cinnas, ar seseom, do M. ? amein, or in macclērech, KMMisc. 210.10 . tusa dono can asa tanagais ? as in t-shliab amne, Ériu viii 24.9 .

In chevilles: co fargaib and ed imne / secht fichit londláth gaile, TFerbe 881 . seol amne, BB 54b5 . fath amne, CRR 5 .

1 ar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ar or dil.ie/3902

 

Forms: ar, air, er, eir, air, er, ar, arin,, airind, air, airnaib, armo, aire, aratobarr, arandéntar, arambiat, ara, armbad, ara, arindepur, aridlabrathar, arna, áirium, erum, erumm, erom, erut, ærut, airiut, airut, airiut, aurut, airiu, airi, airi, erre, airri, airre, airthe, erunn, erund, erond, airiund, airriun, airund, airib, airibsi, airiubsi, airiuibsi, eruibsi, erru, erriu, erro, airriu, airiu, erthu, airthiu, airtho, airib, airaib, or(u)m, or(u)t, air, uirre, orainn, oirinn, oraib, orru, orrtha

prep., leniting, with accus. and dat. See GOI § 823 , Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 150 , Frazer, ZCP viii 5 , Williams, Celtica ii 305 ; IGT Introd. § 130 .

Usually spelt ar. air, Ml. 51c2 , 2d2 ; er, 122a16 , BB 449a10 ; eir, Ériu iv 180 § 39 . The spellings air, er, etc. (more freq. in later lang.) and the modern pronunciation show that O. Ir. ar as simple prep.was replaced by a conflation of airi and fo(i)r (3 s. n. of 1 ar and 1 for).

In Mid. Ir. 1 for and 1 íar are frequently spelt ar. See III, IV below and the articles on these words.

With article arin, -int, -a, etc. Note also airind, Ml. 31b17 , air ind, 53a15 . arndi (= arindí), Ériu vii 138.4 . airnaib, Ml. 110d9 .

With poss. armo (m'), -do (t'), -a, -ar, -far (-bar) etc. Note also ar mh'éigse, Content. ix 26 . aire slicht, L. Chl. S. 2 .

With rel. part. ara: aratobarr, Wb. 12d29 . arandéntar, 2a10 . cid arambiat , Ml. 56b9 . ara n-eperr, Críth G. 1 . With copula: cid armbad , Wb. 11a19 . cidar impotabis, Ml. 56a13 . cid arnabu son, ib. ardott áigthe, LU 5656 = arṅdotāigi, TBC-I¹ 1178 (taking áigthi as vbl. of necess.). ara trēn, ACL iii 239 § 32 . ara n-amra, ZCP vii 312 § 26 . Before inf. pron. arindepur, Wb. 5a31 . aridlabrathar, 7d2 . With neg. arna airecht, Sg. 198b3 . arnach faca, ZCP xiii 169.13 .

With pron. suff. Early forms. 1 s. áirium, Wb. 7a12 . erum, LL 286a25 . erumm, PH 1397 . erom, 1503 . 2 s. erut, Wb. 27d19 , 29d7 , YBL 326b42 , PH 6565 . ærut, Ml. 2d8 . airiut, Blathm. 569 , LL 289b30 . airut, LU 8086 . GOI § 437 also gives airiut, aurut without reff. as `old forms which occur only in later sources' ( p. 272 ). 3 s. m. and n. GOI § 437 gives airiu as the dat. form (cf. airiu, O'Dav. 22 ?), airi as the accus. airi is the usual form passim in the early language. Cf. áiri, Wb. 11b21 . f. (accus. and dat. not distinguished) erre, Irish Texts i 3 § 8 (sic MS. See Ir. Hist. Stud. i 347 ). airri, SR 405 (emended to airre, GOI § 437 ). airthe, LL 286a7 . 1 pl. erunn, Wb. 15d13 , Ériu ii 124 § 65 . erund, LU 597 . erond, 588 . airiund, TBC-I¹ 170 . airriun, ZCP xi 110 § 26 . airund, LU 593 . 2 pl. airib, Wb. 20a3 , 22d25 , 27c19 , Metr. Dinds. iv 232.33 . airibsi, Wb. 14d25 , a33 , 16a26 . airiubsi, 15c1 , 17a5 . airiuibsi, 16c23 . eruibsi, 27d7 . Ml. 2a11 . 3 pl. acc. erru, Wb. 4d20 , 11a29 ; ZCP ii 315.26 . erriu, Wb. 9c8 , 11a20 . erro, LL 289b30 . airriu, Wb. 15a23 , 21d11 , O'Dav. 985 . airiu, Wb. 11d11 , Laws iv 176.7 . erthu, LL 280a1 . RC viii 154 § 5 . airthiu, LU 4915 . ZCP viii 310.22 . airtho, TBC-I¹ 409 . dat. airib, Laws iv 162.2 . airaib, 114.21 Comm.

In later lang. all pronominal forms influenced by those of for, giving or(u)m, or(u)t, air, uirre (uirthe), orainn (oirn. oirinn, O'Gr. Cat. 556.25 ), oraib ( oirb, BColm. 100.3 ), orru (orra, orrtha), etc.

The presumed distinction between ar with accus. when motion is implied and with dat. when no motion is implied ( Zeuss 622 ; with reservations Vendryes Gramm. § 283 ; see also Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 73 - 74 , Williams loc. cit.) appears most clearly in the stereotyped phrases ar chenn towards, ar chiunn ahead of, before (see 1 cenn): ar beolu towards, ar bélaib before, in front of (see bél). The dat. is usual in ar cach láu daily (see ) and in ar thosuch ( Sg. 203a7 , see tosach). Usage is less clear outside fixed phrases, and that of the various collections of O. Ir. glosses differs (the available material is also much reduced by the frequent identity of form of a s. and d s. of nouns). The accus. is regular in Wb. in senses of taking away from and counting as , and also in glosses on Lat. ob, the dat. where the meaning is with regard to, instead of and in glosses on Lat. super. Both cases are found where the meaning is for the sake of, because of . In Ml. accus. is constant only in set phrases. The dat. is usual in meaning counts as , do-beir ar (for?) calls and in glosses on Lat. dat. without preposition (ar gentib gl. gentibus, 78a12 , 89c2 ) and where a Lat. compd. noun is treated as two words (arintinmlegun gl. promulgatione, 71c18 ). In general use the meanings saving from, instead of, in meaning of, in return for, on account of, because of, for the sake of, for the purpose of are all found both with accus. and dat. In Sg. the meanings instead of and on account of are found with both cases. See also IGT Introd. § 130 , Bard. Synt. Tr. 2 - 4 , 17 , 20 (where detailed rules are given for accus. and dat. both with simple ar and for compd. preps. such as ar aghaidh, etc.).

I

(a) Much less freq. in concrete or physical meanings than in more abstract ones. Perh. before, in front of in (case of follg. noun not certain): dá [n]dorus [n-]and, comla[e] ar ala n-aí, clíath ar alailiu (-e, MS.) `in front of' (Gloss.), Críth G. 100 . ar Tuatha Dé Danann `before the T.D.D.', Ériu xii 152 § 15 (TE). cethridoruis airri (recte airre) im-mach, SR 405 . ó beit fíanna fer nÉrenn ┐ Alban do Chonaire ar thig, BDD² 1416 . Cf. 1081 , 1400 , 1492 . ? airiu . . . iarmo in front of it . . . behind it(?), O'Dav. 22 . Cf. airber .i. frit anair bere .i. eter do dī lāim, ar is fort muin bere ere [n-]aile, Corm. Y 58 . Acc. to Binchy, SCano p. 33 , frequent in meaning east of, the only example cited being: acon loch ar Mag Aí `by the lake east of Mag Aí', Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 32 § 2 (`on'). Cf. Airbri .i. fri Bri Eli anair, O'Mulc. 70 = Dinds. 16 ( RC xv 308 ). ? a nAicill ar Temair, Anecd. i 17.1 . Cf. perh. Síd ar Femin, LU 7846 ( BDD 140 ), etc. (or for al?). Perh. orig. with concrete force also in: do té(i)t aitire ar ḟer feras in fuil, Críth G. 52 `goes surety for', Gloss. Concrete meaning is perh. also to be assumed in the phrases agaid ar (late, orig. for?), ar agaid, ar amus, ar beolu, ar bélaib, bél ar bél, ar chenn, ar chiunn, ar dorus, ar dreich, ar fed, ar gnúis, ar leth, ar medón, ar ṡúil, ar thosuch, ar thús, ar úairib. See under the nouns concerned. With more abstract force in ar aí, ar apu (see 3 aí, 1 apa). Here may also be included: doire acummisc arúir `of their being mixed with mould', Wb. 13d3 . úachtar ar lemlacht dó mixed with, Críth G. 63 . loim midc do chumasc ar usciu `to mix a sip of whey with water', Mon. Tall. 143.25 . ba fial ṅdō buith arnaib ōcaib, cēin dogēni calma among, TBC-I¹ 1266 = LU 5739 . ? tiucfa in mac cētna ar bar cloind, ZCP viii 563 § 27 (for?). Perh. for for in: ó fó-certa a ṡrúb ar géscoe against a branch, BDD² 349 (= ar gésce, 355 ). conadh ar x. míli cathrach do shiublaighdis techta Magnuis Cam . . . ō maduin co fescor `to ten thousand cities', Marco P. 96 .

Rarely of time. See ariu before .

(b) In the follg. exx. the meaning is also more or less concr., though the precise meaning of the prep.is obscure, and it would be possible to consider them as early exx. of the replacing of for by ar (see III, and fo-ceird III): arnarala for cubus áiri, Wb. 11b21 (see note). Cf. focheird mo menma airi `my mind is set on him', Ériu ii 92 § 2 . ón lá tarrla ar n-airi air, iv 220.27 . torala dia archeill do degnimu su `let God bring to mind thy good deeds', Ml. 43b15 . iscor lame ardodced buith ocairbiathad sainte gl. nam qui volunt divites f[i]eri, incidunt in temptationem, Wb. 29b18 . ? Cf. ni comarleiced (.i. nir cetaig) dó cor lamha aire (.i. dul do sacarbhaic) cin foghlaim, Trip.² 243 . mabeidní dirúnaib dothéi armenmuin indfir, Wb. 13a12 . Note also: arnaib réib ilib gl. et qui ascendit super omnes caelos, 22a8 .

(c) In compd. numerals (with dat., see Celtica ii 312 ): a n-óen ar fichit (fichet, MS) the twenty-one, Ml. 2d2 . cóic míli ochtmugat ar chét one hundred and eighty five thousand, 34b17 . a ocht deac ar chét, BCr. 32d2 . deichinbair ar dib fichtib ar trib cétaib, Trip.² 3104 . secht cathae ar chetharchait / ar secht cétaib is huilliu, ZCP viii 313.34 . cōicer ar ceithri fichtib, 219.29 . fer ar sheisir seven men, Celt. Rev. x 348.23 . fri re tri n-aidhche ar mís, RC xviii 162.32 . Note also: tāinic buiden mōr . . . dōig lim is ar trichaid cēt inti approximately(?), TBC-I¹ 3142 (text perh. faulty).

II In a wide variety of abstract meanings for the most part deriving independently from those given under I.

(a) for, for the sake of, on behalf of, etc. (often gl. Lat. pro) (with accus. and dat. See Celtica ii 309 ): cia dudrigni dia mór di maith erriu, Wb. 11a20 . innahí dorigeni Día ar maccu Israhel, 30 . mirabilia dorígeni Dia ar maccaib Israhel, 28 . massu arinbethid . . . dagníu, 13c11 . mor ní as dénti ní airriu, 15a23 (in sense of mod. déanaim rud ar I obey, see Thes. Suppl. 51 ). niarséuti . . . robcarsi tíamthe, 23d4 . ar erchru gl. pro defectu, Ml. 31a4 . dusrigeni dia erru amal robu thol doib, 54a34 . fri assaru ar maccu israhel gl. rerum gestarum (testimonio), 94d2 . ara bǽsaib som .i. ar denum a thule gl. pro suis ritibus laborantes, 87b20 . a ndorigēnai in rí / do ḟertaib ar ṡanct Brigti, Thes. ii 332.4 (Hy. v). or ar Bran nailither, 286.34 (inscr.). lānamain . . . nī fil etarscarad dōib acht ar Dia, Corm. Y 824 . léicfider cach bean do mnáib airiut thou wilt be preferred to all other women, BDD² 59 . ar ghaol for the sake of relationship, Studies 1918, 99 § 15 . dorindedh mainistreacha ┐ sepeil le ar anmain Gyi `for the soul of G.' ZCP vi 90.11 . See also under meince, 1 pairt. Freq. in sense of (praying) for, see airnigde, guide, guidid, oráit.

(b) for the sake of, by in adjurations and invocations: dilig dam . . . / ar Maire n-amra n-Ingin, SR 7820 . ar do chumachtae . . . tesaircc dam-sa mo chūrcha, BColm. 54.3 . ar do thrīnōiteacht, a Thrīnōit, ACL iii 241 § 2 . ar t'fhírinni riutsa, na furáil etc. by thy honour, CCath. 1659 . ar na deib rib, TTebe 4025 . síol Ádhaimh . . . / ar do thocht díobh slánaigh sinn, Dán Dé ix 22 .

(c) on account of, because of (with accus. and dat. Glossing Latin ob, pro, propter): ar ar comoicsi do bás on account of, Wb. 14b25 . aracethardese gl. quam ob causam, 31b24 . ob mirationem .i. airinn adamrugud, Ml. 61a15 . ar chosmaili ind fochuinn diaragbtha gl. causae uicinitate, 35b24 . ar ét im chrabud gl. pro zelo religionis, 36d24 . arna lithu gl. propter cultús diuini festa, 47b2 . arna pecthu immefolngat guasacht do anmin gl. propter animae pericula, 7 . cid arnaibhisiu .i. arnaib hi forodamarsa gl. ob ista, 58d13 . ní ar pianaib do thabairt forru `not on account of the infliction of punishments upon them', 114b7 . ara foirbthetu fadesin, Wb. 6c19 . tocombaig a ṡlán ara ḟornert because of, Críth G. 415 . ar ṡóethaib because of grievances, 581 . ar ilar a imarbus, ZCP viii 104.7 . Corco Bāiscind ar a nert / nī damaid cert d'Eoganacht, v 500.16 .

With a variety of nouns in more or less stereotyped phrases: ar na h-ádhbharaibh sin for those reasons, ML 58.11 . ar[a] airmitin som through respect for him, Ériu iv 30.23 . ar t'ḟuath, i 97.32 . ni diles ni doberar ar uathbas `nothing is lawful which is given out of terror', Laws iv 286.25 . See also under áis, cairde, 1 cúis, 1 écndairc, éicen, ecla, 1 gart, midlachas, miscais, omun, sant, serc, úacht, etc.

Common with abstr. nouns from adjj. in the construction: nīr fētatar a tōcbāil ar a truma because of her weight = because she was so heavy, Anecd. iii 9.8 . ar dúire a drochdelba, Ériu iv 102.16 . ar ḟebus na cuidechtae because the company was so excellent, BColm. 78.18 . ar a laechdacht, ZCP viii 318.12 . ar cumga in puill nír féd dul amach, Ériu v 49.7 . in senadh ic á adhradh ar a uaisle, CCath. 334 . ar ghoire do ghaoil, Dán Dé xi 11 . Without poss. or gen.: cona tisa . . . in dam tarais ar airdi (a fence), Laws iv 76.19 Comm.

Freq. in advv.and conjj. in O. Ir. glosses. 3 s. n. as adv. on account of it, therefore: fristemlighter cid ind aier airi, Ml. 73c2 . ni bad pronomen airi, Sg. 203b2 . isairi doroigu dia geinti hore . . . this is why . . . because, Wb. 5b12 . is airi inso rogabad som hi rige, Ml. 14a4 . cinid airi doberr desimrecht acht ar atrebthach nand, Sg. 35b13 . With article and i: arindi gl. eo, Sg. 190a4 . ni arindí . . . sed quia not because . . . but because, 5a4 . arindisin gl. ei, Ml. 54c6 . arndi furumai sár for cach toil, Ériu vii 138.3 . With se: ní nád ṁbed arse di chorp gl. ideo, Wb. 12a22 . arse gl. ob hoc, Ml. 18d15 , gl. qua re, 29d1 . isarse gl. quo circa, Enchir. Aug. 70b , 81b ( ZCP vii 480 , 484 ). airechas ceneóil airsiu (leg. airsin? edd. airriu, Ped. MS Index to Wb. glosses) ní airechas fidei, Wb. 1b12 . Later: air sin on account of that, CCath. 2350 . Note also: ar a smuaintighib do beith . . . a mbeat[h]aidh an tigerna so that his thoughts might be in, etc., BCC § 5 (cf. ara).

(d) instead of, in place of, as substitute for, in meaning of (meaning confined to O. Ir. glosses. With dat., occas. with accus.): arnab geintib huilib taken as referring to all the Gentiles gl. Iudeos et Grecos omnes, Wb. 2a15 . foirbthe ar anfoirbthu gl. decem milia, a perfect (number) for an imperfect, 9a10 . corda .i. arin duiniu huli lesom gl. a parte totum, Ml. 53a2 . todochide ar sechmadachtae n-anfoirbthe gl. commotatio . . . temporum `future for imperfect', 62a16 . arnaib bolcaib gl. pro uesicis, 99a4 . fogur cechtar de ar alaliu ┐ fogur na liter naile airriusom, Sg. 4a8 . ni roscríbad ar naill (leg. ar na aill, edd.), 6b3 . a ṡuidigud ar anmmaimm dílius, 27a1 .

Often with as-beir, do-beir etc.: dobeir inso arnab uilib cumactib gl. supra omnem principatum et potestatem et uirtutem et dominationem, Wb. 21a13 . epert innan (MS. inna) aisndisen arnaib gnimaib gl. dicit autem non quia talia locuti sunt Scribae . . . sed quia talia fecerint, Ml. 16d3 . a ndurigni duaid in gnim sin in tengad do airbirt ar gnimaib in choirp, 31b24 . intan asmbersom pes ┐ manus nochis arnaib gnimaib són dungniat som honaib ballaib hisin atbeirsom, 56b3 . tri suidigud dosom inna cluas arin chorp huiliu, 60b16 . arnaib fedaib sonartaib ardaib gl. pro terribilibus arbustís cedros possuit, 146a6 .

The idiom ad-rími ar counts as (with accus. and dat.) is prob. to be assigned to this section: ní ármisom ar chumactte, Wb. 6a1 . cenid ar chomsuidigthib adrímther inna fortórmach so, Sg. 202a5 . See ad-rími. With LA: petra les arin trediusa sís he takes petra as standing for, Ml. 60a7 . in loc lesom híc arnaib aitrebthidib gl. a loco habitatores intellegite, 144c3 .

(e) in return for, in exchange for, as price of, in payment for, as equivalent of (with accus.): airitiu lóge ar mo precept in return for, Wb. 10d31 . rotbīa a lōg airi you shall have a reward for it, TBC-I¹ 585 . is lá cach(a) tíre do-tét dlega(i)r aire `is due for it', Ériu xvii 70.4 . Freq. do-beir lóg etc. ar: ainm indlóge doberr domiledaib armílte, Wb. 3c1 . intan dobera Dia fochraicci ar degnimu, Ml. 90c14 . screpul doberar do gilli . . . ar comaitecht do neuch o pecad `a groat that is given to a lad for accompanying someone in a sin', Mon. Tall. 143.9 . nī tibur-so in tinnscra sin(ee) cid ar Meidb C. feissin I wouldn't give a brideprice like that for M. herself, ZCP iv 39.7 (cf. TBFr. 185 ). ní conrogab terochraic . . . ar forbrissiud fir truaig `reward for oppressing a wretched man', Ml. 36a32 . ni riat na dánu diadi ara n-indeb domunde sell for, Wb. 28c2 . ríthæ . . . ar ech ndonn, Thes. ii 240.1 (Ardm.). tale damsa a log ar epert do firinne lat, Ml. 36a32 . síodh Dhé 'gá ceannach ar chrodh being bought for herds, Dán Dé xxvii 33 . With vbs. of leaving, abandoning: ni dérsid for sóiri ar fognam, Wb. 20b10 . roleicc creitim ar in paganacht he left the faith for paganism, Anecd. iii 72.28 . as uime do trēig Temraigh / ar Chend Maghair, ZCP viii 108.19 . Denoting preference: ragaid duit aire . . . rígi hÉrend in preference to him, BColm. 68.18 . do mholfuinn fear an leithléighinn 'gá mbíadh beatha ghlan . . . arfhear láinléighinn 'gá mbíadh beatha némhthromdha, Mac Aingil 4782 .

(f) for the purpose of, in order to obtain (as far as the exx. serve with accus. in Wb. and dat. in Ml. The exx. from Wb. given here, however, could equally be referred to the preceding section): precept arbiad in order to obtain food, Wb. 10d13 . madarlóg pridchasa, 23 . is arnach nindocbáil móir fodaimim se inso, 23b12 . asberat isar indeb isdénti tol dǽ, 29b12 . arind etarimdibiu (arindetar imdibiu, MS.) gl. pro interfectione aduersariorum, Ml. 36b23 . ar chuindriug pectho gl. instrumentum est divinae iustitiae `for the correction of sin', 49b7 . gabthe dunad les fris arinoillus for protection, 55c1 . asberar ar thormuch pectha for the purpose of increasing sin(?), 76a5 . bliadain lán dano do M. [┐] a muindtir uli for usciu ┐ bargin ar tuaslucud anmae B. `to obtain the release of the soul of B.,' Mon. Tall. 133.29 . serc fochraici ara n-as[c]nam, piana do imchaisiu ara n-imgabail in order to avoid them, Ériu vii 138.28 . is rimsa . . . rohérbad ar eisnéis it is to me it was entrusted for relating, iv 144.21 . annsa lebur tuc sé dóib ar choimét a ndligid feín `for keeping', Maund. 61 . Also perh. in phrase ar olc fri, see olc (because of?).

(g) by virtue of, by means of, through (dat.): condenad fingail ar chuinged soinmige do gl. mercari peccato securitatem, Ml. 39a6 . ? ar gressaib gal / glenaid luch inna línsam `by feats of valour', Thes. ii 293.20 . ni ar lín óc brister cath, Ériu ix 47 § 18 . ar neart a n-engnama by dint of their prowess, ML² 286 . gaibsit tír and ar chlaideb by the sword, ZCP viii 313.21 .

(h) In general sense of in respect of, with regard to, in the matter of, relating to, etc. (appar. with dat.) (the ascription of some exx. to this section is tentative): desmrecht insin ar aimsir deirb that is an example of, Sg. 66b17 , cf. exemplum ara airiuc far diull tanaisiu, 106b20 , exemplum inso ara rangabalda asrubart, 39a5 . annsom hi taurgillib tairgille ar bechaib, Laws iv 162.1 . rucus tairgilli ar bechaib `für Bienen ist ein `tairgille' . . . zu stellen', ZCP xv 319 § 12 . ? isam ómun ar a aisnéis I am afraid to relate it, LU 5349 . is fon samla-sin . . /gníth . . . a cét-chumma / Temrach . . . / ar áibnius in beauty, Metr. Dinds. i 10.64 . fear feadhma deas ar gach ndān in every art, ZCP viii 562 § 16 . bean as ghloine ar ghníomharthaibh `purest in deeds', A. Ó Dálaigh xv 15 . issí eisimplair Crist . . . do lenfadís ar míne ┐ ar buaine, ar deirc ┐ ar trocaire, Maund. 123 . ro derscnaigh d'ógaibh a chomaoisi ar goil ┐ gaisccedh, Leb. Gab.(i) 200.7 . Also in phr. ar chuit, see cuit. For do-beir teist ar see teist. See airbág.

Common in phr. of type: teine . . . ar thes crabaidh (of a person) a fire . . . in heat of piety = a paragon of piety, Anecd. iii 5.19 . Muridach, ba muir ar crūa[i]s, ZCP viii 299.34 . deochain ar grādaib ┐ sacart ar ūaisle a deacon in rank and a priest in reputation, BColm. 82. 15 - 16 . ba laech ar gaisced, RC xxiv 184.4 . a éan choluim ar cheannsa, Dán Dé i 19 . mar lile ar lí, Dánta Gr. 30.14 .

(i) about (of stories, books, reading, etc. In late exx. only. Perh. orig. for in this meaning): iomda ar Lasair ferta amhra many wonderful miracles (are said to have been performed) by L., Ériu v 90.4 . is mebair linn . . . / in seanchus fil ar Mag Ráin the lore about M., iv 156.18 . Leabhar Oiris ┐ An[n]ála ar Cogthaibh . . . Éireann, i 78 . craoibsgaoileadh ar chath Cluana Tairbh description of the battle of C., 16 n. léighmid ar Alexander n-uaibhrech, etc., Mac Aingil 872 . léan ba sgéal ar fianaibh Fáil, Magauran 2790 . Cf. sgriobhthar ortha go . . ., Ó Héodhusa 68.16 .

(j) With verbs of depriving, stealing, hiding, lacking, etc. from (accus. and dat.): tri airchellad donaib sommaib a n-anae airnaib bochtaib, Ml. 90a11 . is amne asruluús airi, Wb. 17d16 . a manaig do béim ar Lommān, BColm. 84.16 . ní bēram-ne t'áthius ort we shall not take thy victory from thee, 74.22 . ni cumscaichthi cumachtae nairi gl. hoc potestatem literae motare non debuit, Sg. 6a5 . ni fil nach díchlith airi, Wb. 1a4 . tesbanat boíll aíriu, 11d11 . in dá ṡét tesbanat airi, Críth G. 130 . ní gette na brithemnachta becca erriu you would not snatch the petty judgements from them, Wb. 9c8 . nī gatar a forgall ar domun degmnā, Cáin Ad. 4 . a tellad errusom, Wb. 11a29 . dives cui (.i. isar) clam tollitur , Enchir. Aug. 76b ( ZCP vii 482.27 .)

(k) With verbs of protecting, saving from , defending against (accus. and dat.): ainsium Crīst ar cech nernbās, Thes. ii 352.4 (Hy. vi). Dīa dom chobair . . . / ar cech ṅgúasacht, 350.16 (ibid.). dia dítin ar in pecthach, Ml. 57c4 . dia diden . . . ar náimdib, Thes. ii 354.2 . airnaib imnedaib doneimni a dǽ, Ml. 110d9 . fri himdegail cuirp . . . ar demnaib, Thes. ii 354.4 . diar snádud . . . / ar gábud, 359.6 . for soirad ar senachrib, Ml. 33b21 . air ni bói numsoiradsa ar chumachtae ṅduini, 74b13 . Continuing a Latin construction: ar thes inna gréne són ┐ ara naimtib gl. quae etiam inumbraret eos et regeret, 97c4 . arnaib cumachtgaib gl. difensionem, 103c7 . arnaib hi sin gl. ut illis eripiat, 117b4 . defensionis . . . ar maccaib israhel, 124b10 . Note also: comad chādus ar cach ngúasacht that it might be a halidom against every danger, BColm. 96.10 . tucc dam a Dē mōir / . . . / ar pīanu na plāg / tonna dīana dēr, ACL iii 232 § 1 .

III In later lang. ar and for become a single preposition (often with surviving difference in follg. mutation, see the examples in Bard. Synt. Tr. p. 2 ff. ). The follg. are exx. of ar for earlier for. Of local relations (for I): imda gol gargc ar a brú many a fierce wail in its lap, BColm. 100.6 . ar saebchoire in a maelstrom, 94.12 . tarrúd úire ar airib / for leccaib ar láech-maigib, Metr. Dinds. iv 232.34 . seóit Cluana maic Nóis do foillsechadh ar Gallaib Luimnigh `were discovered with', RC xviii 53.12 . Of quasi-local relations, etc. (II). Of point of time (c): ar na tri soldomnaib `on the three chief feasts', Mon. Tall. 129.27 . ar notlaice ┐ caiscc ┐ cengciges, Ériu vii 150.30 . Of rule, sway, over (f): ba rī tenn ar Tūathmumain, ZCP viii 119.28 . flaithius ┐ forlamhus ar crichaib . . . na cruinne, CCath. 1 . In addition to (g): cotardda trá ar se mo chendsa ardo chend my head in addition to thine, RC iii 185.8 . credo ┐ pater . . . ar cech m-biait, xv 490 § 26 ( for cach mbiait, § 32 ). Affecting, afflicting, etc. (h): bíd oirb oman Dé do neim, BColm. 100.3 . trom orm a innisi, ZCP viii 200.25 . duaithnid ar dainib in domain incomprehensible to, Fen. 38. 16 . Subsisting on (j): ar geilt féoir feeding on grass, Ériu iv 156.12 . ar usci ┐ bairgin, RC xv 491 § 30 , cf. for usci ┐ bairgin, 490 § 26 . In a state or condition (k): na biad ar in mbreith sin `that she would not abide by that judgement', RC xxiv 196.1 . nírbo borg báeth ar bruidin it was not a foolish castle engaged in brawling, Metr. Dinds. i 32.46 . With vb. of motion: ge deach rī Conaill a ccēin / ar slūaiged rí Temhra tréin, ZCP viii 116.21 . To express the dativus incommodi (m): adbathadar uile thorad parrthais ar Adam `were forfeited by Adam', Laws iv 266.14 . adbathadar ar Aongus a thire, 15 . rogabsat tech air they stormed the house in which he was, BColm. 72.4 . ni cloifithir oirb bar cath, YBL 314b55 . Perh. also: ben clucc ar Cellach against, Cáin Ad. 18 . cogadh mór le Domnall . . . ar Brian, Ériu i 78.5 . In phrases (p): ar bith c[h]é on this earth, BColm. 100.3 . ar comairci C. under the protection of C., 86.28 . ar debaid in haste, LL 7493 . ar lár cháich in the midst of everybody, Ériu iv 222.28 . ar neam in heaven, Anecd. i 39.114 . ar ṡeilbh (sic leg.) éicsi, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919, v 92 § 9 . With verbs (III): dorad min aire `put meal over it', Mon. Tall. 147.11 . dobert trian forcridi . . . ar chuid cach lae `added one third of water to the daily allowance', 7 . do thabairt geinti ar ireis, ZCP iii 22.6 .

Note also: rostatlaig ar thenn-medón he clasped her by the sturdy waist, Ériu iv 104.8 . roghabh nathraigh mbí ar bolgán `by the belly', CCath. 4194 .

IV Replacing ÍAR. Of time (I): ar cath Ch. after the battle of C., ZCP viii 314.18 . arsin, Ériu iv 132.1 . is ar sein anid sí co arnabárach thereupon she remains till the morrow, ZCP viii 309.20 . ar n-ēirghi grēine at the rising of the sun, ML² 1333 . sóaidh co brónach dia taigh ar marbadh a maic, RC xviii 45.31 . ar tteacht ór tticch, ZCP viii 219 § 13 . do bātar ar n-a crēchtnugad, ML² 386 . ar ngabāil gīall for Mumain, ZCP viii 119.31 . Of place (II): arsin t[s]eit along the way, Mon. Tall. 153.20 . ar slige Póil is Petair in the track of Paul and Peter, Ériu v 24.24 . According to (III): suidfither gach aon duine . . . ar miadh ┐ ar dligedh ┐ ar a sognim[r]adh, RC xxviii 22 § 49 . ar a fidhair fen do cruthaigh Día é in His own image, BCC § 408 .

For use as conjunction see 2 ar, 1 ara.

ar-foichlea

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ar-foichlea or dil.ie/4117
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: airichlid, airichill

v (* air-fo-ciall-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 484 ; cf. Ériu xii 135 ). Orig. deponent ( Sg. 209b26 infra). Prot. stem airichl-. Later as simple verb airichlid ( oirchilligid, Ériu xv Supplement 82 ).

(a) gets ready beforehand, prepares, provides for: ní ar maith friu arforchelta act is corpad mithig lessom inducbál dia nóibaib gl. ut ostenderet diuitias gloriae suae . . . quae praeparauit in gloriam suam, Wb. 4c37 . issí dano in chiall hísin araḟocladar som quando dicit in eandem . . . which he takes into account(?), Sg. 209b26 . adgládur nech ria ríg, arfochlim a insce, Comp. CC 7.18 . rofeadarsa or F. damsa araroithcleastar (ararocles v.l. LU) in fer a ḟoillsigud the man has arranged for me to explain it, TBC-I¹ 1138 ( ara roichlestair, ZCP ix 148.10 ). is olc oirchillte (aicillti v.l.) you are badly prepared for it (of death), Dán Dé xxv 20 = TSh. 2693 . dob fhearr liom . . . go n-oirchilltí leó a neithe roidhéidheancha = ac novissima providerent, TSh. 6858 . go ro oirichlit go hairech . . . in slige sin, Fl. Earls 158.1 . gach re corp tar an cubarthuinn / olc oirichlim, IGT Verbs ex. 480 . airchlithear .i. ón oirchill, O'Cl.

(b) looks after, takes care of, attends to: isindí arndam-roichlisse hua bás `Thou hast guarded me from death', Ml. 74d7 . a foichlighe sétt .i. um an sétt airḟoichleas neach aice which somebody guards for himself, O'Curry 234 (H 3.18, 207). airichlis Cathbath C. took care of him, MU² 86 . íarfaigid de in ra hairichlit whether they have been provided for, 796 . frescathar filid .i. . . . urfoichlithar na filid uman ní dlegait, O'Dav. 987 (cf. Ériu xiii 34 ).

(c) prepares against, takes heed, looks out for (esp. of anticipating danger): urfoichlid, ar se, ac seo in t-ael, Laws iii 266.9 Comm. urḟoichlither na tri coin seo co na dernat fogail, 414.24 Comm. urfoicill a foirithin co heallam gach (sic. leg. gan ?) cin do dena[m] tria droch-cell, O'Dav. 1000 . urfoichledh in cach ferus na fuili na roletradh na feithe (gl. focialltar hi fuile fethe), BCrólige 58 gl. 1 . ar foichle nech cert in tan do déna cin no crech let everyone consider legality(?), O'D. 564 (H 3.17, c. 441) = hurfoithligh, O'Curry 2454 ( Eg. 88, f. 37(38)a ). cinnas ḟuirechlem, LL 13935 . iraichlid erachlid, 13926 . ara n-airichlea ┐ ara n-airelma that you take heed of him, TBC-LL¹ 3182 . mairc nateroichligend in muinnter sin, IT i 190.14 = mairg nad foichlend, LU 2225 ( FA 30 ). airichlithir immon samfuin-si dothaet `let them be on their guard next Samuin', RC x 220.86 . arrofochlit . . . firu Erenn . . . co léir in dunibad ticfa doib let the men of Ireland diligently guard against the plague, RC xii 422 § 4 . arfoichlifet fir firu men will be on their guard against men, xxvi 46 § 245 .

Vn. airichill.

ar-saig

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ar-saig or dil.ie/4291

 

v (see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 606 )

(a) goes towards, advances on: atsaigtis (arsaigtis v.l. in two MSS) ar sethir `whom our sisters used to visit', Fél. Sept. 30 . ardosaichti (artosaich v.l.) sel sedantai (Setanta v.l.) S. attacks them(?), KZ xxxiii 83.19 ( BB 378b18 ). súithemail slectugud / arsaigter siúit, LL 1040 = frisogar súitt `which the roads have attained(?)', Ériu iv 154.5 . ? introethatar fo mamu morflatha .i. in flaith hisin arasaith foltaib a flatha, O'Curry 825 (H 3.18, 379a). ? arroseagat cuir neich fosiseadhar .i. inni ro seachadh iar coir do thabairt do neoch na fuisit neneclann, 1998 ( H 4.22, 28 ),

(b) entails, incurs(?): foegium cin innarba arsaig aithgin (.i. tarrustar aithgin o fir foeghme do gres) entails restitution, Laws ii 300.21 ( ZCP xiv 378 § 41 ). ar suig fiachu cach nindligi every illegality incurs a penalty(?), Laws ii 2.5 . ? arsaidh .i. dighal, ut est arsaig ni dicinn, O'Dav. 32 . ni .i. olc, ut est arsaidh ni dicenn .i. astar olc do neoch an glam dicend, ib. (< H 3.18, 61a ).

(c) luid Liber . . . corusbāidh isin Liber, conid uaide arsegar `it is called', Dinds. 15 ( RC xv 307 ) = conid uadi ainmnigther, LL 21216 .

Cf. 1, 2 airigid and ar-said, ar-suidi.

ásaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ásaid or dil.ie/4369
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: ásair, assar, rohassair, fásaid

v (1 ás) Pret. 3 s. ásair, Rawl. 164b21 . Perf. ro assar , Anecd. iii 67.20 . rohassair, 22 . IGT Verbs § 123 . Also fásaid.

(a) grows of plants, people, etc.: in fualascach bec ásas asin chrunn, Sg. 65a7 . roásaiset drissi . . . tar sodin, Ml. 2a6 . lase nastae `when they are growing', 87b12 . di neoch asas á terra, Thes. ii 11.36 ( BCr. 18a2 ). nocon ássa froíchne isin maigin sin, Trip.² 1021 . bíam cúsa do imdegail do chethra . . . cor ása in cú hísin , LU 5028 ( TBC-I¹ 539 ). co mbad prapiti no asad, 4436 . a bith roóc ar níro ásatar a renga, 10157 . ind ḟidbad ro ás triana chend, LL 4478 . trian cach neich losas ┐ asas ┐ infoirbres air o thir, Laws iii 126.22 Comm. co ro asa a rind for a feor `until the top grows on the grass', iv 48.17 Comm. fidbudh . . . fora n-āsatar . . . ubla, Anecd. i 56 § 45 . ní ḟás luibh a húir, TD 11.11 . noch d'fas faoi an bféinn `grown of the Fianna's stock', O'Gr. Cat. 583.36 . co roasat a n-ulchada, Rawl. 79a20 . ro den . . . a ó co ná farcaib feoil . . . fair ┐ co ná ro assair fair riam, SG 310.x . Springs from (DI, ó): síl Aeda . . . diar ásair mór ríg, Rawl. 164b21 . ni fhāsann ech dia ngroighibh, Marco P. 175 . da nasa coimpert uathaib, Laws ii 406.31 Comm. in fhrém o fhás in uli olc, PH 7603 . an céad athair ó'r fhásamar, Eochairsg. 27.24 .

Of inanimate things increases: fásaidh slios ré ar n-a raghuin the side of the moon grows after waning, DDána 90.9 . roḟas ceo . . . dun a fog gathered around us, Ériu v 146.24 . roás ind n-imguin foraib cach dia `the slaughter increased on them', Ériu ii 30 § 15 . an mhéide ro fhāss forsan mbairghin `how much the loaf had increased', Fl. Earls 228.1 . Spreads, covers: ésga órrtha ar nár fhás dubhadh `whereon no eclipse has spread', Studies 1919, 75 § 17 . tuile gan tráigh daonnacht Dé / ar gach aon-olc nar fhás sí has it not covered every evil? A. Ó Dálaigh xxix 1 . Becomes: d'fhás feoil an leinimh te, 2 Kings iv 34 .

(b) arises, develops, esp. of dissension, war, etc.: ásaidh comrac úathmar, TTr.² 1462 . fasaidh gredan mor, Aen. 1987 . roḟás ceist adhbhalmhor ag feraibh Érenn 'mon caingin sin, Ériu iii 154 § 8 . rofás ceist mór ag Finn don ghním-sin, Fianaig. 56.14 . rofitir fein ga[ch] ni asfas dochair ind, TTebe 2325 . réidhiughadh roinn / ór ḟás d'éiliughadh eadroinn, TD 15.1 . fásuidh aimhreighe eidir e ┐ athair, Rel. Celt. ii 162.8 . Subj. unexpressed: is iarum ro ás dó ┐ do C. a quarrel arose between him and C., Rawl. 134b22 . Results from, arises from (DI, A): conid ed roḟás de sidhe . . . cormarb cach dib a cheli `it resulted that . . .', RC xviii 273.4 . ro assar iartain oc Bretnaib fledog(ug)ud imda . . . rohassair assaide sarthol ┐ etrad . . ., Anecd. iii 67.20 . is de ro fas bas Cheit, Ériu viii 176.25 . nir fas don tsluaiged sin doib-sim acht in tir . . . do lot, Ann. Conn. 1225.25 . dond errlaime asas donn iarraid, Laws i 36.10 Comm. conad he sin adbar d'ár ḟasastar fuathnell, MR 240.4 . dia tuctha na deich fo cethair is .xl. fhásas dib, Lism. L. 4620 . is as sin ro ás indiu na h-uli datha i n-etuch epscop, LL 2040 . is as fhásas in faisne[s]-sea, PH 1616 . as assin ro fhás co na deni sacart oifrenn i fiadhnaisi epscoip, AFM i 358.7 .

Occas. in impers. (trans.) use (but see Ériu xxxvi 193-94 ): nirás nach ṅduine dalbda / commus huili a aurlabra, SR 4809 = conid de sin is follus nach la duine fen comus a erlabra acht la Dia, LB 123a6 . ro ás gnóe móir in n-ingin, LU 3161 ; 'she grew with great beauty, the girl' Ériu xxxvi 193-94 (= ara n-ingin, YBL 175b50 ). Cf. Ériu ii 30 and Fl. Earls 228 supra. Vn. ás.

as-beir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. as-beir or dil.ie/4383
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: adeir, adubart, adebart, adébart, adobart, adóbart, -dubart, -ebert, -ebart, -ébart, -debart, -débart, -óbart, -dobart, -dóbart, adubart, adobart, adóbart, adébart, asbiur, -epiur, -epur, asbirsiu, asṁbirsiu, asbir, -apir, -epir, asbeir, asṁber, assidbeir, adbeir, atbeir, -epir, -epeir, -eiper, -eper, asberam, -eprem, asberid, asndonberat, asberar, asberr, asmberr, asber, -eperr, -aiperr, asbertar, -epertar, asrobair, asrobar, atrobair, asberinse, asberinn, asbered, asberad, atbeirmis, asbertis, asbeirtis, asberthe, asṅdanbertheni, epred, eprid, asber, -eper, asbere, asbera(su), asbera, atbera, asmberamni, asberaid, asberat, -epret, asberthar, -epert[h]ar, -erbora, -ǽrbara, -erbara, -érbarid, -érbarat, -ērbrat, asrobarthar, -érbarthar, asberin, asberinn, asbertha, -epertha, asberad, atberad, -epred, -epreid, -aipred, asbermis, -epertais, asberthe, asberthae, -eperthe, -erbartha, -erparta, asindrobrad, -ærbarad, -erbarad, asndarobartis, asbǽr, asbéer, asbér, -épéer, -epér, -eper, asbéra, asbéram, asbérat, asbérthar, asbertar, -erbǽra, -eperth, asbert, asmbert, -epert, asindbertatar, -epertatár, asbreth, asruburt, asidruburt, asidrubart, -ǽrburt, -erbort, asrubart, autrubert, asrubartmar, asrubartmmar, adrubartmar, arrubartait, asrubartatar, asinrubartat, -ærb[art]atar, asrobrad, asrobrath, -erbrad, -érbrath, -érbrad, atbiur, adbirsa, atberim, atiur, natiur-sa, tiur-sa, attear, atderim-sea, aderim, adearaim, adirim, -apur, -abbair, -apraim, -abraim, -dirim, at-beire, atberi, at-biri, natbere, ateri, adere, aderi, adir, -abbrai, -abra, atbeir, itbeir, atber, atbir, adbeir, adeir, ader, -abair, -abrann, atberam-ni, adearam, adireim-ne, adermait, idermaidne, adeirmíd, adearmuid, adirmid, -abramait, atberid, atberthe, atberthai-si, atberthi, itirid-si, -aparthi, -aparthai, -abraid, -aburth, atberat, adberuid, atberait, aderait, aderaid, adeirit, adeirid, -abraid, atberar, atberair, aderar, aderair, iderar, dearair, adirthir, adirthear, adeirthear, deirthear, -eperar, -ebarar, -apar, -abar, -aburar, -abairthear, -abarthar, atbered, adbered, atdeired, a-deireadh, conaprad, adeirdis, atberthea, adberta, atberte, aderthai, n-aburti, apursiu, apair, abbair, abair, aprad, abradh, apraid, abraid, aprit, abraid, abarthar, atber, -apror, -abra-sa, therar, ciadera, -eibre, -aprai, -apra, -abra, -erba, adbera, -epre, -eperta-som, -apra, -epram, -apraid, -abairthe, -abrat, -aprat, -ebarthar, -abartar, -abruinn, at-bertha, aderthe, -ebertha, -erbarta, erbartha, atberad, -ebrad, -aprad, -abradh, atbermais, aderdáis, -abbraitis, -hapraitis, -abartháoi, -erbrad, at-bēr, atér, adér, adéar, -eibér, -aibéar, atbēra, atbéra-su, adbera, -adéruir, atbera, adēra, adéara, adérus, -epri, -ebre, -aibéra, -aibeóraidh, adéaraim-ne, déaram, -aibéaram, atberat, adēraitt, -aibeórait, atdérthar, -habeórtar, adearainn, -eibrinn, atbertha, -ebertha, -aibeorta, ádertha, atbered, adberad, atberad, adéaradh, -ebéredh, -ébradh, -eibreadh, -aibeoradh, adéarmais, adiartáis, adérdáis, adéarthaoi, adéartha, -aibértaide, -aibeorthaoi, atbert, adbert, itbert, atbert sib, atbertatar, atbertar, atrubart, adrubairt, atrubairt, adrubairt, atrubartmar, atrubrumar, adrubramar, atrubrabar, atrubartatar, atrubratár, atrubartar, adrubrad, atrubrad, atubart, adubhart, adubairt, atubairt, gitubairt, dubairt, itubairt, adubert, dubairt, adubairt, duibhert, adeibairt, -dubhairt, -dobort, -dóbart, -debhairt, -debert, -débairt, -débuirt, adubramar, adubrumar, adubramair, dubrumur, -dubhramar, -dubhramair, -dobramair, -dobhramair, adubratar, dubrudar, -dubhradar, adubhradh, dubradh, -dubradh, -debhradh, -déabhradh, -óbart, -éabhart, -eabert, -ebert, -ebairt, -ébairt, -éabhairt, -ebradar, -ebrad, -ebrath, -ébrad, condérbairt, -derbertatar, asroepred, atbertus, adubartus, atbertais, adubartais, adobhartois, -ebartais, -dhébartais, atbertsat, asbertsit, atbertsatar, -epertsat, -ebertsat, -ebirtsit, adubortas, -ebras, -erbertus, atrubairtais, -erbortaiss, atrubhairtset, epert, abairt, abarta

v (* ess-ber-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 466 ). IGT Verbs § 6 . In the prot. -epir there is some fluctuation between e- and a-, see GOI p. 54 , 508 and forms infra.

In Mid. Ir. a form atbeir (prot. -epir, -ap(a)ir) replaces as-beir, see GOI p. 268 . Later this becomes a(t)deir (prot. -apair) and is the usual form in late Mid. and Mod. Ir. Occasionally adeir (sometimes deir) is given the endings of a simple verb, see infra. The early conjugation (ā-subj., ē-fut., t-pret.) continues with Mid. Ir. personal endings. In the pret. new stem-formations appear: adubart (< adrubart); adebart, adébart (? conflation of adubart and -epert); adobart, adóbart. In depend. position -dubart; -ebert, -ebart, -ébart, -debart, -débart; -óbart, -dobart, -dóbart. In classical verse (IGT loc. cit.) adubart, adobart alliterate with d; adóbart, adébart with a vowel and with d.

Early forms. Indic. pres. 1 s. asbiur, Wb. 8a9 . -epiur, Wb. 4b26 . -epur, 5a31 . 2 s. asbirsiu, Wb. 12d17 . asṁbirsiu, Sg. 208b5 . asbir, 66b10 . -apir, ibid. -epir, TBC-LL¹ 1763 . 3 s. asbeir, Wb. 5a1 . asṁber, 10b13 . With rel. inf. pron. assidbeir, 20a10 . With neut. inf. pron. adbeir, 5a11 . atbeir, 10d5 . -epir, ibid. -epeir, 17d11 . -eiper, 33b7 . -eper, Ml. 69a21 . 1 pl. asberam, Ml. 14a19 . Sg. 55b1 . -eprem, Sg. 208a7 . 2 pl. asberid, Wb. 5a31 . 3 pl. with rel. inf. pron. asndonberat, Wb. 2a12 . Pass. sg. asberar, Wb. 3c21 . asberr, 21c7 . asmberr, 33a18 . asber, Ml. 110d16 , 114a2 . -eperr, Sg. 73a11 . -aiperr, Ml. 14d13 . Pass. pl. asbertar, Wb. 28a20 ; Ml. 123c8 . -epertar, Sg. 3b6 . With inf. ro: 3 s. asrobair, Sg. 198a18 . ? asrobar, Ml. 17b23 . With inf. neut. pron. atrobair, Sg. 190b4 .

Indic. impf. 1 s. asberinse, Ml. 54c26 ; asberinn, 91b10 . 3 s. asbered, Wb. 15a18 ; Ml. 54c18 , 23 , 55c17 ; asberad, 53d6 . 1 pl. With neut. inf. pron. atbeirmis, Wb. 26b19 . 3 pl. asbertis, Wb. 25b27 . asbeirtis, 4c23 , Ml. 106d3 . Pass. sg. asberthe, Thes. i 492.25 . With inf. pron. 1 pl. asṅdanbertheni, Ml. 114a7 .

Ipv. 3 s. epred, Wb. 10a16 . 2 pl. eprid, TBFr. 396 . TBC-I¹ 1570 .

Subj. pres. 1 s. asber, Wb. 16a24 . -eper, 32a20 . 2 s. asbere, Wb. 12d13 . asbera(su), Sg. 209d30 . 3 s. asbera, Wb. 22b23 . With inf. neut. pron. atbera, 12a4 . 1 pl. asmberamni, Wb. 2a13 . 2 pl. asberaid, Wb. 7d10 . 3 pl. asberat, Wb. 1d1 . -epret, Wb. 7d8 . Pass. sg. asberthar, Wb. 10a12 . -epert[h]ar, Wb. 5a5 . With inf. ro 1 s. -erbora, LU 6659 (TBC). 2 s. -ǽrbara, Sg. 209b30 . -erbara, LL 286a1 . 2 pl. -érbarid, Wb. 13c13 ; 15d6 . 3 pl. -érbarat, Wb. 27c8 . -ērbrat, Sc.M² 1R . Pass. sg. asrobarthar, Thes. ii 17.34 . -érbarthar, Wb. 10d13 .

Subj. impf. 1 s. asberin, Wb. 14c23 ; asberinn, 17b1 . 2 s. asbertha, Sg. 217b15 . -epertha, TBC-LL¹ 2161 . 3 s. asberad, Wb. 13a13 , 19 ; Ml. 59a7 , 67a8 , 95b7 . With inf. pron. 3 s. n. atberad, Ml. 62c2 . -epred, 28b11 , 69a21 . -epreid, 70a6 . -aipred, 33c17 . 1 pl. asbermis, Wb. 18a18 . 3 pl. -epertais, Ml. 28d8 . Pass. sg. asberthe, Wb. 15d20 . asberthae, Ml. 77a6 . -eperthe, Wb. 19a5 ; 23d25 . With inf. ro 2 s. -erbartha (-erbarta v.l.), Alex. 829 . -erparta, BB 498a4 . 3 s. with rel. inf. pron. asindrobrad, Ml. 50b8 . -ærbarad, Ml. 31b20 , 24 . -erbarad, SR 5642 . 3 pl. asndarobartis, Ml. 31b22 .

Fut. 1 s. asbǽr, Ml. 91b10 . asbéer, Wb. 32a22 . asbér, TBFr. 168 . -épéer, Wb. 32a20 . -epér, SR 1309 . -eper, PH 2382 . 3 s. asbéra, Wb. 12d6 . 1 pl. asbéram, Wb. 17c23 . 3 pl. asbérat, Wb. 12d12 . Pass. sg. asbérthar, TBFr. 177 . Pass. pl. asbertar, Sg. 73b8 . With inf. ro 3 s. -erbǽra, ZCP vii 484.25 (Enchir. Aug.).

Condit. pass. sg. -eperth, Ml. 127d14 .

Pret. 3 s. asbert, Ml. 16c10 , Thes. ii 241.12 ; 242.3 , 6 . asmbert, Ml. 58c6 , 124d9 . -epert, Thes. ii 242.15 (Ardm.). 3 pl. with rel. inf. pron. asindbertatar, Ml. 124d9 . -epertatár, LU 8079 ( FB 5 ). Pass. sg. asbreth, Ériu iii 137.52 .

Perf. 1 s. asruburt, Sg. 91a3 , Ml. 50d7 . With rel. inf. pron. asidruburt, Sg. 58b1 , 75b2 . asidrubart, Ml. 3a15 , 66c1 . -ǽrburt, 44b19 . 2 s. -erbort. Ériu xii 166 § 5 (TE). 3 s. asrubart, Wb. 4d16 , autrubert, Thes. ii 246.14 (Cambr.). -érbart, Wb. 13c12 . 1 pl. asrubartmar, Wb. 8d26 . asrubartmmar, Sg. 55b5 . adrubartmar, 197b16 . 2 pl. arrubartait (sic), RC iii 345.16 . 3 pl. asrubartatar, Wb. 18d1 . With rel. inf. pron. asinrubartat, Ml. 131d12 . -ærb[art]atar, 29a4 . Pass. sg. asrobrad, Wb. 3c31 , 5a4 , 10d8 , 12d26 , 33b16 . asrobrath, Ériu ii 104 § 15 . -erbrad, Wb. 32c8 , -érbrath, Sg. 220a10 . -érbrad, Ériu iii 137.52 . -éabrad, Celtica xiii 13.248 .

Later forms. Indic. pres. 1 s. atbiur, TBC-LL¹ 610 . adbirsa, Mon. Tall. 154.23 . atberim, SR 1873 . atiur, TBC-LL¹ 2990 etc., natiur-sa, 4269 . tiur-sa, 2975 . attear, 3180 . atderim-sea, 4403 . aderim, PH 2760 . adearaim, DDána 113.29 . adirim (: eisinill), IGT Verbs ex. 84 . -apur, Mon. Tall. 140.24 . -abbair, Ériu ii 92 § 6 . -apraim, PH 2188 . -abraim, TSh. 2694 . -dirim, Content. xxix 10 . 2 s. at-beire, SR 1268 . atberi, Trip.² 584 . at-biri, Sc.M² 3 . natbere, TBC-LL¹ 1679 . ateri, MU 420 . adere, PH 2712 . aderi, 2705 . adir (: fir), IGT Verbs ex. 83 . -abbrai, Ériu iv 98.7 . -abra, DDána 37.17 . 3 s. atbeir, SR 4169 . itbeir, Trip.² 64 . atber, TBC-LL¹ 430 . atbir, 1222 . adbeir, ZCP viii 109.10 . adeir, PH 2714 . ader, 2688 . -abair, TSh. 127 . -abrann (: cablom), IGT Verbs ex. 87 . 1 pl. atberam-ni, TBC-LL¹ 5017 . adearam, DDána 42.30 . adireim-ne, 70.1 . adermait, PH 2685 . idermaidne, YBL 142b19 . adeirmíd, TSh. 5863 . adearmuid (: dhuid), Dán Dé xv 22 . adirmid (: sirmid), IGT Verbs ex. 76 . -abramait, PH 2666 . 2 pl. atberid, PH 297 . atberthe, TBC-LL¹ 861 . atberthai-si, 1959 . atberthi, PH 5268 . itirid-si, TBC-LL¹ 1636 . -aparthi, PH 5268 . -aparthai, 2362 . -abraid, -aburth, CCath. 601 . 3 pl. atberat, Trip.² 1175 . TBC-LL¹ 2659 . adberuid, Laws i 34.4 Comm. atberait, PH 6985 . aderait, 2676 . aderaid, CCath. 1700 . adeirit, Ériu xv 14 § 1 . adeirid, TSh. 751 . -abraid, 2514 . Pass. sg. atberar, BDD² 582 . TBC-LL¹ 843 etc. atberair, PH 2870 . aderar, 7396 . aderair, 7345 . iderar, CCath. 722 . dearair, DDána 48.10 . adirthir (: sligthiph), IGT Verbs ex. 93 . adirthear, DDána 78.12 adeirthear, TSh. 2515 . deirthear, 5652 . -eperar, Laws ii 254.6 . -ebarar, ACL iii 247.5 . -apar, MU² 265 . TBC-LL¹ 1148 . -abar, DDána 23.18 . -aburar, Maund. 8 . -abairthear, Ó Héodhusa 50.16 . -abarthar, TSh. 1924 .

Indic. impf. 3 s. atbered, TBFr. 223 . adbered, Ériu i 46.10 . atdeired, TBC-LL¹ 2854 . a-deireadh, DDána 52.17 . conaprad, Ériu iv 32.4 . 3 pl. adeirdis, Maund. 16 . Pass. sg. atberthea, TBC-LL¹ 1453 . adberta, Ériu ii 176.5 . atberte, CCath. 4446 . aderthai, Irish Texts i 22 § 5 . frisi n-aburti , Ann. Conn. 1310.3 .

Ipv. 2 s. apursiu, Mon. Tall. 150.22 . apair, TBFr. 323 . abbair, SR 1213 etc. abair, PH 351 . 3 s. aprad, PH 1768 . abradh, Ériu xv 14 § 5 . 2 pl. apraid, TBFr. 144 . abraid, Ériu iv 140.18 . aprit si, Mon. Tall. 131.31 . 3 pl. abraid, RSClára 7b . Pass. sg. abarthar, RSClára 4a .

Subj. pres. 1 s. atber, Ériu v 30.4 . -apror, LU 6662 (TBC). -abrur, LB 141a28 . -abra-sa (abru-sa v.l.), CCath. 3340 . cia therar , Ériu i 227.5 . 2 s. ciadera, Metr. Dinds. iv 356.58 . -eibre, Laws iv 108.1 . -aprai, Fing. R. 381 . -apra (-aprae v.l.), CCath. 4209 . -abra, PH 431 . -erba, 3155 . 3 s. adbera, Laws i 120.27 Comm. -epre, Ériu iii 106 § 41b . ? -eperta-som, TBC-LL¹ 2153 . -apra, IT i 128.26 . 1 pl. -epram, PH 6887 . 2 pl. -apraid, LU 4009 ( SCC 45 ). -abairthe, TTr.² 337 . 3 pl. -abrat, Sc.M² R 20 . -aprat, PH 7891 . Pass. sg. -ebarthar (- erbarthar MS), Ériu iv 24.3 . -abartar, RSClára 103a .

Subj. impf. 1 s. -abruinn, KMMisc. 354.17 . 2 s. at-bertha, Sc.M² 3 . TBC-LL¹ 1730 . aderthe, ZCP vii 301 § 7 . -ebertha, TBC-LL¹ 1730 . -erbarta, Anecd. v 2.10 = erbartha, Alex. 829 . 3 s. atberad, LU 2511 . -ebrad, IT i 175.16 . -aprad, Fing. R. 30 . -abradh, TSh. 2509 . 1 pl. atbermais, Trip.² 63 . 3 pl. aderdáis, Fianaig. 70.27 . -abbraitis, TBC-LL¹ 3592 . -hapraitis, 3291 . Pass. sg. -abartháoi, RSClára 77b . With inf. ro 3 s. -erbrad, IT i 175.31 .

Fut. 1 s. at-bēr, Fing. R. 971 . atér, LL 298b40 . adér, BNnÉ 252 § 207 . adéar, DDána 67.7 . -eibér, FDG² 57 . -aibéar (: caigéal), Content. xxiv 10 . 2 s. atbēra, SR 8133 . atbéra-su, Trip.² 1141 . adbera, Laws i 302.26 Comm. -adéruir, Laud 610, fo. 18d (cited from Plummer MS notes). 3 s. atbera, PH 2038 . adēra, ZCP viii 212.23 . adéara, DDána 29.24 . rel. adérus, RSClára 152a . -epri, LU 2513 . -ebre, IGT Verbs ex. 82 (subj. ?). -aibéra, ZCP viii 212.30 . -aibeóraidh, TSh. 534 . 1 pl. adéaraim-ne, DDána 67.35 . déaram, ML 120.15 . -aibéaram, DDána 95.18 . 3 pl. atberat, TBC-LL¹ 1613 . adēraitt, RSClára 22a . -aibeórait, 14a . Pass. sg. atdérthar, RC xx 12 § 21 . -habeórtar, Maund. 268 .

Condit. 1 s. adearainn, DDána 59.26 . -eibrinn (: deighgreim), IGT Verbs ex. 91 . 2 s. atbertha, TBC-LL¹ 1730 . -ebertha, 1730 . -aibeorta, TBC-LL¹ p. 221 n.4 . ádertha, ibid. 3 s. atbered, SR 5903 . adberad, CCath. 754 . atberad, 755 . adéaradh, DDána 94.13 . -ebéredh, BNnÉ 323 § 33 . -ébradh (: érlam), IGT Verbs ex. 86 . -eibreadh (: fleadh), ex. 81 . -aibeoradh, Keat. i 62.17 . 1 pl. adéarmais, DDána 99.43 . 3 pl. adiartáis, TBC-LL¹ 4018 . adérdáis, ZCP viii 223.20 . Pass. sg. adéarthaoi, DDána 21.22 . adéartha, 11.33 . -aibértaide, Maund. 55 . -aibeorthaoi, Keat. i 234.16 .

Pret. and perf.

(a) 3 s. atbert, Trip.² 168 . TBC-LL¹ 962 etc. adbert, Mon. Tall. 136.18 . itbert, CCath. 412 . 2 pl. atbert sib, PH 1384 . 3 pl. atbertatar, TBC-LL¹ 456 etc. atbertar, TTr.² 560 .

(b) 1 s. atrubart, PH 1548 . 3 s. adrubairt, Anecd. i 11.13 ( -a(i)rt, SCano 309 ). atrubairt, SR 1325 . adrubairt, Trip.² 554 . 1 pl. atrubartmar, CCath. 2865 . atrubrumar, PH 554 . adrubramar, 3460 . 2 pl. atrubrabar, PH 2774 . 3 pl. atrubartatar, LL 401b42 . atrubratár, TBC-LL¹ 2076 . atrubartar, TTr. 422 . Pass. sg. adrubrad. Trip.² 1392 . atrubrad, PH 107 .

(c) 1 s. atubart, TBC-LL¹ 4110 . adubhart, DDána 39.14 . 3 s. adubairt, TBC-LL¹ 1494 . atubairt, 956 . gitubairt, 3764 (ce dubairt , v.l.). itubairt, RC xlvi 227.19 . adubert, ZCP xiii 182.26 . dubairt, PH 7464 . adubairt, IGT Verbs ex. 80 . duibhert, Rel. Celt. ii 190.33 . adeibairt (idubairtt v.l.), Ériu ii 184.16 . -dubhairt, TSh. 3198 . -dobort (: comolc), IGT Verbs ex. 88 . -dóbart (: cródhacht), ex. 89 . -debhairt, CCath. 421 . -debert, RC xiv 46 § 54 . -débairt, TTr.² 245 . -débuirt (: énuilc), IGT Verbs ex. 75 . 1 pl. adubramar (atrubhamar v.l.), CCath. 2641 . adubrumar, Laws i 92.9 Comm. adubramair, 42.21 Comm. dubrumur, 142.27 Comm. -dubhramar, TSh. 1158 . -dubhramair, 99 . -dobramair (: gormlannaig), IGT Verbs ex. 79 . -dobhramair, DDána 101.25 . 3 pl. adubratar, PH 2679 . dubrudar, RC xlix 5 § 2 . -dubhradar, TSh. 3210 . Pass. sg. adubhradh, DDána 21.7 . má dubradh , IGT Verbs ex. 80 . -dubradh (: chunnradh), ex. 90 . -debhradh, Lism. L. 3310 . -déabhradh (: téarnamh), DDána 108.3 .

(d) 1 s. -óbart, IGT Verbs ex. 85 . -éabhart, Content. viii 4 . 3 s. -eabert, Ériu ii 186.13 . -ebert, CCath. 4061 . -ebairt, TBC-LL¹ 137 . -ébairt (: mérailt), IGT Verbs ex. 74 . -éabhairt, DDána 97.24 . 3 pl. -ebradar, Ériu ii 180.10 , Pass. sg. -ebrad, Fing. R. 1030 . -ebrath, ZCP viii 313.30 . -ébrad, IT i 132.19 .

(e) 3 s. condérbairt, TTr.² 1764 . 3 pl. -derbertatar, BS 50.30 . Pass. sg. asroepred, Mon. Tall. 159.4 .

Pret. and perf. with s-pret. endings. 1 s. atbertus, PH 1517 . adubartus, 1785 . 2 s. atbertais, TBC-LL¹ 1414 . adubartais, PH 3332 . adobhartois, Desid. 799 . -ebartais, Fen. 300. x . -dhébartais, ZCP viii 552.14 . 3 pl. atbertsat, LU 9223 ( FB § 77 ). asbertsit, Alex. 690 . atbertsatar, PH 2743 . -epertsat, PH 750 . -ebertsat, 2305 . -ebirtsit, TBC-LL¹ p. 649 n.7 . Pass. sg. adubortas (: bfoltchas), IGT Verbs ex. 78 . -ebras, Ériu vii 225.6 .

Also 1 s. -erbertus, PH 4958 . 2 s. atrubairtais, PH 5046 . -erbortaiss, Ériu xii 166.30 (TE). 3 pl. atrubhairtset, Leb. Gab.(i) 244.9 .

Vn. epert. abairt, IGT Verbs § 6 .

Part. of necess. abarta, Anecd. ii 20 § 4 .

Says, speaks (folld. by direct obj., verbal clause or vn. clause): dogníthe a n-asbered Moysi, Wb. 15a18 . arna epret is ara miscuis in cúrsachad, 7d8 . ní arindí asndarobartis . . . inna briathra hisin , Ml. 31b22 . atbeir C. . . . inní so, Trip.² 10 . in ferand . . . a n-apar a mbith, 43 . ní abbair acht fírinne `I say only the truth', Ériu ii 92.15 . intan promthar epred ced, ZCP vii 312 § 24 . asrubairt ni regad co rrucad mo chendsa, TBC-I¹ 1219 . adbert co ndingnead, Ériu ii 180.9 . brat an druadh adir an leabhar / 'na smual ón tigh theineadh, Dán Dé xii 23 . dā n-abruinn gurab dubh an fíach, / adēardis Laighnigh gur geal, KMMisc. 354.17 . ná habair 's ní aibéar-sa / m'ainm, Dánta Gr. 95.13 . adeirid uile, crochtar é, TSh. 3196 . an madradh adeir sé do bheith i n-ifreann, 1030 . an dream adeirmíd do mharthain quos vivere dicimus, 5863 . In phrase a.¤ bréithir (bríathar) gives one's word: asbir mo bríathar . . . beith ré dosom ría n-ecaib ┐ ní dognéa . . . `by my word', Mon. Tall. 141.6 . natiur-sa brethir manu thísat . . . is missi conairgeba bás, TBC-LL¹ 4269 . asbiur mo bréithir . . . narb' ail damh nech d'anacal, RC xxvii 268 § 16 . In sense of orders, commands: asbert Colmán a scor reme C. ordered it to cease, BColm. 58.22 . má adubhairt cairt a roinn ribh / an tírse `if some charter orders you to divide this country', Aithd. D. 30.32 . céard gach fhir do dhíol adeir he orders the craft of every man to be rewarded, DDána 91.45 . adeirim ris an saoghal cromadh, TSh. 190 . sings, chants Celtica xxi 62 : co n-ebert an laoidh, BS 17.487 .

With prepp. With FRI says to, calls: amal asindbertatar som fris, Ml. 124d9 . is sain indí asidrubart ┐ indí frisa n-érbrath, Sg. 220a10 . asbert D. fri Pátricc, Thes. ii 241.12 . eprid frie for toisc, TBFr. 396 . Rí frisin-erbairt in slúag, SR 7689 . Conall C. atubrad rium-sa do gabáil ann `I was told that C. would settle there', Ériu xvi 67.93 . ní apur frit ol M. ní fodgní lind `I do not tell thee (to do so) says M., such is not our practice', Mon. Tall. 140.24 . notaitchim ar Dia . . . co n-erba rind . . ., PH 3155 . adbirsa fritsa cuicc bliadna dec pendi `I pronounce upon thee fifteen years of penance', Mon. Tall. 154.23 . apraid ríu . . . anat dina cuínib co fodailter dóib, TBFr. 144 . coimhlíonaid . . . mar a dubhradh riú `as it hath byn commanded them', RSClára 114b . is airi asbiur frit stultam, Wb. 8a9 . as uime adeirthear neamhghlan rú this is why they are said to be impure, IGT Introd. 5.12 . Druim C. risa n-apar Áni Clíach which is called, MU² 294 . as ris aderthai Mac Duinnshleibhe, L. Chl. S. 17 . mac do Fíachaig Mullet[h]an risinnabar Fer da Líach, ZCP viii 303.29 . an ced earnail dib re nabar morbus uniuersalis, RC xlix 3.4 .

With DO gives as a name to, applies to, calls: conna epreid ainm dia ndoib, Ml. 70a6 . ání as deus is du folud nephchumscaigthiu asberr, 110d16 . conepertar doib ylementa , Sg. 3b6 . ní eperr acht hilar dóib `only the plural is used of them', 73a11 . cid ara n-eperr fer midboth don[d] ḟi[u]r so ? Críth G. 30 . is hé in suide itberar doib, Trip.² 40 .

With DI calls: is de atberthe in siriti de ara met no delbad i n-ilrechtaib, LU 9008 ( FB 75 ). is airi adberta Furbaide de, Ériu ii 176.5 . cia tugaid ara n-ebarar berla tobaide din Gaedilg ?, Auraic. 2.10 . Says of: issed asberedsom desuidiu `this is what he used to say of this', Mon. Tall. 142.18 . is don ingen siu atrubrath cruth cach co hEtain, IT i 120.12 . conadh aire atberar in foranmach de .i. Nuada Find Feimin, ZCP xiii 197.15 . cé dearaid cách éag re hadhart / d'onchoin R. . . ., Magauran 1172 .

With ó names from: iar marbhadh . . . Charolusa . . . ó n-abarthar cloidheamh Charolusa from whom the sword of C. is named, Ériu i 80 § 8 . cia ó ndubhradh ainm gacha litre, IGT Introd. § 1.4 . Féine ó Fhéinius atbearta, Keat. ii 319 . Aed mac . . . Fergail on abar h. Fergail, Ann. Conn. 1232.2 .

atárcud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. atárcud or dil.ie/4570

 

n m. (? ath + tárcud, see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 553 ) repetition: int a.¤ fil hi sui , Sg. 200a8 . int atarcud hisin gl. quod supra diximus, 12 . See atharcud.

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