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2 a

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 a or dil.ie/3
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: á, e, a, a

In O.Ir. also á (see Celtica ii 339 - 40 ), e ( GOI 285 ). Poss. pron. (proclitic form of , q.v.) of 3 s. m. and n. (leniting), 3 s. f. (geminating) and 3 pl. of all genders (nasalising). When a numeral intervenes between poss. and noun the usage fluctuates. The older is represented by a nda ara. LU 4729 , the later by a da nduma, LL 1541 , where the initial of the noun is mutated independently of the numeral. The poss. of the third person is also used in combinations such as adám my two, adád your two, adár our two. Similarly with trí. See Ériu xi 146 ff. and the numerals , trí.

For the forms in combination with prepositions see the several prepositions.

I Denoting possession, ownership, relationship, connection, etc.

(a) a thuaithe of his folk, Wb. 5a23 . a bullu `His members', 9d4 . a chnámi, 4d15 . á luum `their pilot', 4a14 . irroimed cách a chéele, 6d4 (see céile). ní diá geneluch, Trip.² 78 . a hétach her clothes, TBFr. 232 . a mmod ┐ a fit `her portion', Mon. Tall. 149.14 (§ 60) . inna mbossán, LU 3231 ( SCC § 2 ). al-lorga ┐ a mbachla their croziers, PH 5103 . gan fios a gcéille, Donlevy vi 9 . co cend a seacht mbliadan till he was seven, ZCP xi 134. 31 .

With adjj. used substantivally. iss é a fír `that is the truth of it', BColm. 100.7 . ēill ngēisi . . . cia de bud ferr la hUltu a mbeō na a mmarb do brith dōib, TBC-I¹ 692 (perh. to be referred to II). bit lía a mairb and andat a mbí, LU 8266 ( FB 21 ).

(b) With copula in relative clauses expressing genitival relation ( GOI 321 - 2 ). Cf. issa gl. quorum, Ml. 90c3 . intí asa ainm bís isnaib titlaib, 2c3 . Tenobi ata (= ata a) scél ro-c[h]lotha `of Tenobius whose tidings have been heard', Fél. Aug. 24 . in fer asa erbaid aire, Trip.² 408 . bennachais in ríg bá (= ba a) gaisced he blessed the king whose armour it was, LU 5048 (TBC). an mhaighden-so 'sa hainm an Tnūith this maiden whose name is envy, Desid. 1652 . Occasionally also with intervening adj.: na féle assa fortrén taitnem `of the feasts whose radiance is mighty', Fél. Prol. 330 . ata (= ata a) n-aidbli bríga `whose vigours are vast', Ep. 34. nocon ḟetar cúich in Cu/Culaind asa caini clú, LU 4561 (TBC). Note also: a bronnad aineclann cháich as a aí the honour price of each person who owns it (of a mill), Críth G. 240 , ( GOI 322 ).

With dat. of accompaniment, a oenur, a ndíis, a triur etc., see these words. On the construction tá sé ina ríg see Dillon ZCP xvii 307 ff. and prep. i.

(c) With nouns indicating quantity, portion (of something), likeness, etc. (for fuller treatment see the nouns concerned): ni ro-pheccaig . . . a becc in the smallest degree, PH 2622 . a bheag nó a mhór do thoirthibh, TSh. 3751 . denum-ne a choibes ┐ a macsamla, PH 119 . a thri chomméit three times as much, LU 8248 ( FB 19 ). nochon accasa riam a chutrumma anything to equal it, TBFr. 50 . ní áirmhim a leth nó a thrían gach a fúaras ó sin siar, ZCP viii 220 § 22 . tria tharmcruthugud a letheti `the like of it', PH 3091 . ara lin do gablaibh i fodlait(h)er grā[d] túa[i]the, Críth G. 4 . is e a mét ro-s-lín oman, PH 1121 . a shamail-seo do clochad, 7328 . dā dabaigh décc do lionn maith/a thrí urdāil do deghbraith, ZCP viii 116.1. i n-urmhōr the greater part of them, ML². 1825 . So also with adjj. compounded with com- e.g. a chomglan so, Maund. 22 .

II As objective gen. with vnn. of transitive verbs: á híc `his salvation' (that he has been saved), Wb. 2b11 . a marbad `killing them', 4a12 . ní arilset geinti a fírianugud, `the gentiles have not deserved to be justified' 4d10 . a chomalnad `to fulfil it', 5d10 . ma ad-ced torbe inna thec[h]t `if ye should see benefit in its going' (i.e. in so going), 11b22 . a bronnad, Críth G. 240 . a indarpae `he must be banished', Mon. Tall. 147.32 (§ 54). dénam-ne an degaithris, let us worthily imitate them, ZCP viii 216.15 . dutracht lim a nguidhe I wish to pray to them, Ériu i 226. § 1 . ro-gab Petar uad-som a chairiugud Peter accepted his reproval (of himself) from him, PH 5892 . ada fis . . . araen . . . ada nanfis . . . imaraen, the knowledge . . . ignorance of both of them, Laws iii 276.18 . Hence in construction OC + vn.: occá sirḟegad imme anair, LU 2028 ( FA 10 ). aga thabhairt fo dera coimhéud na bochtaine, RSClára 41a .

With DO introducing agent: massu ed béso mó a fius dúibsi `the knowledge of it that ye have', Wb. 19b11 . act cuit a scribint domsa, 13a23 . ní fitir nech díb for araile a n-imchossait do Bricrind, LU 8251 ( FB 20 ). in pendit nopeinebad ind laoch . . . a denam do a mac tar a cend, Mon. Tall. 163.17 (§ 86) . With LA: ro aduim Sinoip a claí la hErcuil `that she had been defeated', Stair Erc. 1138 . With ó: ro-p áil dó a aimsiugud o diabul, PH 2020 .

With other nouns (with wide variation in the force of the poss.): a lóg the reward for it, Wb. 5d35 . a lúach soin don rí ní rug, IGT Decl. ex. 1271 . ricfaither a les do gille, Sc.M² § 7 (see less). dommanic amh a hadbur cause for it, Ériu v 72.15 . go dtugsad a rige do D. they gave the kingship of it to D., Ériu i 102 § 60 . bid lia turim a chath the combat for him, Sc.M² § 3 . nī cōir a chuma to grieve for him, ACL iii 221.24 . a húamun fear of him, ZCP viii 218 § 20 . co naca fir Erenn . . . a reir uaimsea so that the men of Ireland may see me submitting to him, Ériu v 240.132 . d'fulair a grádh ar hIrúath by imposing love for herself on Herod, Ériu iv 178 § 29 . ferr les a sidh na a cocudh `that he would rather be on peaceful than on hostile terms with them', Stair Erc. 1859 . a aitherrach sin do fregra, Maund. 27 . aenduini nach fuair a soludh who did not profit by him, CCath. 1188 . pontifex a grēc p. is the Greek for it, ZCP viii 113.25 .

As subjective gen. with vnn. of intrans. vbs.: á buid `that it is', Wb. 11d3 . a mbith samlaid, Laws iv 212.2 . a éc he died, Ann. Inisf. 1075.2 . a ndul coríg Locha Léin that they should go, ZCP viii 316.7 . in gabul tirimm a beth fo blath, PH 1317 .

III In prolepsis.

(a) With follg. noun in gen. a dénum in maid sin, Wb. 1d7 . a masse in choirp `its, the body's, beauty', 28c25 . a n-athir inna fer, 4c1 . a ndírmann / in tríir imrádam, Fél. Oct. 11 . a cathim na raod sin, Mon. Tall. 132.22 (§ 13) . a n-andord mac n-Usnig, IT i 72.4 . dia fholcud a chind, TBFr. 256 . romórad dano a ainm Dé ┐ Colmáin, BColm. 54.6 .

Later also with nom.: nipa mor a glanad deitsiu ind chomairle dobeir Findio deit, Mon. Tall. 154.5 (§ 67) . mairg dá dtig a seac[h]na so / an teaghdhais i dtá Íosa, Dán Dé v 31 . a innisin . . . na hoibreacha, RSClára 19a . With follg. DI (partitive): a foróil bess lib dinaib anib, Wb. 16c22 . is mór a thorbe de dúnni, 1a3 .

(b) With abstract noun forming adverbial phrase modifying verb of follg. rel. clause: is e a erat fritammiurat `that is the (lit. its) length of time they will hurt me', Ml. 33a1 . a lére ropridchissi, Wb. 24c17 . ba sed a barbardacht atraachtatar, MU² 494 . ara ḟoillsi ┐ ara imchuibde ro indis scéla Crist, Trip.² 13 . a imisle ro bui sé isin comlunn, Stair Erc. 1134 . a dhoimhne do chuaidh an cló, Dán Dé xxiii 24 . fo bhīthin a onōraighi airmitnighi rothaisspēin a s[h]upāilce mōrthrōcairecha dhōip, Fl. Earls 170.22 . In the follg. the phrase is adjectival rather than adverbial: a lomnachtaighe fhágbhas an bás iad, TSh. 657 . a threise atá an chlí, Dán Dé xxiii 10 .

(c) Anticipating a following clause. With finite verb: is mó a fius deitsiu a ndo-rigeni di maith, Wb. 30a8 . a dérbad co n-id fír na hí atberimsi, PH 2036 . a lorgairecht cionnus congbhaidhther . . ., RSClára 135b . a mheas gur dlisdionach, Donlevy vi 20 . Note also: aní rongéni ho gnimaib á epert, Ml. 31b24 . With vn.: dorucadar a buideachus risna deithib Ercuil d'iaraidh a n-ingine, Stair Erc. 937 . a thecht dim bas d'faghail don te, 2549 . a theacht de sin é do chailleamh an ghill, TSh. 10638 .

Common in compd. prepp., see dáil, 1 degaid, 1 deóin, dochum, éis, 1 muin, 1 son, etc.

4 a

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 4 a or dil.ie/5
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: á, an, an, i, ind, ina, ina, na, na, na, a, a, a, a, a, a, a, a

pron demonstrative relative, nasalising, that which, what . On the spelling á see Celtica ii 339 - 40 . Orig. neut. art., GOI § 473 (cf. 5 a). Combines with ro to form arro (in later lang. ar): arrolegais, Wb. 28d7 , but an- (the usual form before vowels) is also found: anrogadammar, Wb. 15c22 . anró gad, Trip.² 1370 . an ro-ráidis, PH 726 . an raibhe, Keat. ii 265 . In later language also spelt i n-: i n-atconnarc, LU 3322 . ind digní, Mon. Tall. 134.20 (§ 21) . Also ina n-: ina mboí, LU 8416 (H). ina fuaratar, Ann. Conn. 1235.13 . na n-: na tongat, Sc.M² 16 . na n-dingentar, TBC-LL¹ 6179 . na ndenaid, Auraic. 58 . In O.Ir. folld. by absolute and deuterotonic form of vb. a n-asbiur, Wb. 17d12 ; but later the conjunct and prototonic forms become common (see Bergin, Ériu xi 139 n.1 ): a taibred, Sc.M² 1 . a sir, Dán Dé xxiii 37 . a ndenat, PH 2858 . When the demonst. rel. is plural in meaning personal pronouns referring to it are plural: a n-as sīrem diib, Ériu ii 130 § 102 . The vb. may also be pl. a mbid . . . de neithibh, Desid. 5724 . a rabhadar do liagaibh cloch, Keat. ii 3504 . a bhfuilti corrtha those of you who are tired, Donlevy 216.6 .

Frequently cecha n- whatever, however much, etc., see cech.

(a) As nom.: an as suthin, Wb. 13d9 . anasberthar ho giun what is spoken, 5d14 . for nem a (an v.l.) conrúalae . . . as mó mílib míle, Fél. Ep. 25 . arrobúi isind tsaltir nuli the whole contents of the Psalter, Mon. Tall. 133.11 (§ 16) . a nas aithgin do airechaib feda iseadh is dire do athechaib feadha, Laws iv 152.5 Comm. seachnuim a mbí a n-éintigh, Desid. 6426 . a dtarla dá chóir, TSh. 762 .

(b) As accus.: á fil etarru what is between them, Wb. 27d19 . tuicci an gaibes in salm, 12d42 . a pridchimmeni what we preach, 15b14 . a forchongair do chomalnad, 5c23 . a ndogensa what I shall do, LU 8082 ( FB 6 ). tongu-sa a toinges mo thúath, MU² 928 . mā rosaigh a broth a n-rosaig a blas `if its broth attains what its taste attains', RC xii 86 § 91 . ar ordaigh an t-aingeal-sain, Dán Dé xiv. 14 .

(c) With follg. partitive DI: a ndudesta . . . di foirbthetu, Wb. 1a9 . a césme di cach imniud, 13c7 . anrofiugrad di Críst `what has been figured of Christ', 15a34 . a mbaī di mnāib . . . hi Cūailṅge, TBC-I¹ 868 . a nrobíth leis día slōgaib, 1657 . an fogebed in gilla di scothaib, Trip.² 365 . ni hairemthar ar' marbad do macaib rí, RC xviii 173.13 . With different order of words: a n-du imnedaib . . . fo-daimi, Ml. 55d11 . a ndo ligdath doadbat, Ériu ii 114 § 39 .

With copula and superl.: a n-as sirem diib `the longest of them', Ériu ii 130 § 102 . a n-romba dech do thimthagaib flatha fer nGaoidel the best of the garments . . ., Corm. Y 1059 . an-as dech foruaradar do echraidh in righ, Marco P. 35 . i mba fearr do cach berla ┐ a nba leithiu ┐ a mba caemu `what was best . . .', Auraic. 1053 . in rop messa día muintir, RC x. 184.24 . Note also: is a mbeo beres a n-as beodu ┐ i na[s] segondo, TBC-I¹ 693 (compar. for superl.?). Less frequently with partitive gen.: doberat a n-as dech sét in dúine, TBFr. 419 . con-aitcetar ferann fair .i. an ba dech Mide, Dinds. 78 ( RC xv. 478 ).

(d) With prec. prep. (frequent in later lang.): do-farget (sic leg.) a rro-fera ar-a ferthar fris `he offers what he has given for what is given to him', Laws v 502.22 (see however GOI 680 ). ni tabair dír[e] asa n-gatass, Ir. Recht 22 § 24 (see GOI 298, 680 ). farnan bechtae on what is not certain, Bürgschaft 20 § 60 ( GOI 298, 680 ). bui dliged . . . fora raibhi do Thartraidhibh, Marco P. 82 . nach smuainid air a nabruid, Donlevy 468.13 . Gort an Óir ghairthear don Mhaigh . . . ó n-ar bronnadh d'ór lais-sean . . . ann `from the quantity of gold', Keat. ii 4470 . tré n-ar imreadar d'ulc air `on account of the injury they had done him', 4634 . tréas a ndearnsad do bhagar air, Desid. 3429 . Most frequently with DI, giving mod. dia, approximating to a new rel. particle: duine d'a marand indíu any man of those now living, PH 7318 . gach ní dā ndubrais, Feis Tighe Chonáin 105 . na h-uili obuir trocuire diar mol in eglus, ZCP vi 25.4 . ni ternō nech dona tainic anoir `of those that came . . .', Dinds. 23 ( RC xv. 323 ). an aenridiri is lugha dob olc da roibhi ina aimsir, ZCP vi 100.12 . gach aon dár fhás ┐ dá bhfásfaidh every one who has sprung and will spring, TSh. 13 . Temporal use: feacht n-æn da roibhe Cond Cetcathach, Ériu iii 150 . fecht n-aen dá táncatar, Acall. 361 . laithe n-aen … da raibe Find, 5737 . feacht n-aen da tainic Find, 5917 . la da raibhi Crist, Smaointe B. Chr. 1754 . gach úair da dtéighinn ’na theach, L. Cl. A. B. 187 § 9 . fechtus dia m-bui E. hi Frémainn, IT i 128 § 15 . fecht eli da raibe C. .c. a nDruim Cet, BCC 146.5 . lá airithi da ndechaid C. .c. do Temraig, 126.20 . feacht n-aon da ttainic Columcille, Anecd. iii 6 . feacht dia m-báttar, Hy Fiach. 336.1 . Also with acht: co tuctha a longa leó acht a ndechaidh ar éicin, RC xvii 361.17 (Tig.).

(e) When the antecedent is a noun the rel. clause is syntactically gen.: ar comalnad andotairrngert `to fulfil what he had promised', Mon. Tall. 146.20 (§ 51) . i farrad na n-dingentar innossa, TBC-LL¹ 6178 . cuirter fesa uathaib co hAth Cliath ar cend ar ḟacsat and do Gallaib, RC xviii 289.30 (Tig.). ag soin críoch ar chanamor `that is the sum of what I have sung', TD 15.54 . ag clos a ndoirtid, Desid. 4282 . ar son a ndéineann, 731 .

Abracham

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Abracham or dil.ie/81

 

Forms: Abracham, Abarcham, Abracham, Abrache, Abrache, Abrám, Abrám, Abráim, Abaráim

pn (variously spelt) Abra(ha)m: Abracham (a s.), Wb. 19b12 . do Abarcham , 19b22 . do Abracham , 19c5 , 33d10 . ho síl Abrache gl. qui semen sunt Abrachae, Wb. 4c6 . cland Abrache , 19c20 . Abrám n. acc. dat.; gen. Abrám, Abráim, Abaráim, SR (see Ériu xvi 103 ). o dilind co Abraham, MacCarthy 278 § b . ō dīlinn co Abarām, ZCP iii 18.12 . fer firen amhail Apram, Anecd. iii 5 § 8 . go gein Abrathaim, MacCarthy 288 § c . gein Abratham, ib.

Ádam

Cite this: eDIL s.v. Ádam or dil.ie/282

 

Forms: adim, adam, Ādam, Á., Adom, Adum, Adam, Adom, Adam, Adaum, Adaim, Adaim

pn o Adam: cosmili fri adam `like unto Adam', Wb. 13d12 . gníme adim , 13d15 . ho adam , d27 . Ādam (.i. terra robrum) i.e. homo uel terrigena, ōn talmuidecht, Corm. Y 1 . síl ṅÁdim (Adaim v.l.) (: árim), Fél. July 15 . Á.¤ (: bādud), SR 1042 . Adom, 1065 . Adum, 1100 . acc. Adam, 1037 . dat. Adom, 838 . Adam, 1288 . Adaum (: gābud), 1969 . Voc. Adaim, 1554 : 1798 . gen. Adaim, 686 (for further exx. from SR see Ériu xvi 103 . )

Compds. ¤-chlann children of Adam, human race: d'fhuil na Adham-clainne, RC xviii 182.2 (Tig.). is ferr delb don Ádhamcloind, Acall. 7562 . ¤-fhuil: an Ádhamh-fhuil the race of A., A. Ó Dálaigh xv 2 .

adamrugud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. adamrugud or dil.ie/293

 

vn. of ad-amraigedar. act of admiring, wondering at; wonder, marvel: huare nach derni a a.¤ `because he cannot express admiration of Him', Ml. 128c3 . ho molad ┐ a.¤ in choimded, 26b10 . na spiruta tres-in iumfhoilngither firta ┐ adamraigthe isna noemu, PH 6251 .

1 áes

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 áes or dil.ie/644

 

Forms: āis, áesa, aíse, áeis

n o, n. g s. āis, Corm. Y 322 , Ériu iv 158 § 35 . Later also áesa, aíse. Later f. áeis f., IGT Decl. § 14 .

(a) age, years (of persons, etc.): ce méit as [s]inu aís quam Abracham , Wb. 34a5 . is a cétnae nais gl. Cuius primam aetatem, Ml. 87b10 . is ed a n-áess cétna atáat, Trip.² 1381 . cia hais a roibi M. . . . a n-ais a da bliadan dec, YBL 155a32 . gach mac . . . da raibi a n-aeis in Airdrīgh who was the same age as the high king (i.e. Christ), ACL iii 245 § 22 . secht mbliadnai fil inna aes, BDD² 1140 . it mathi ind óicc ina n-aes, 897 . is e laech a aesa is dech ro bai a nErinn the best warrior for his age, TBFr. p. 15 § 1 . Murchad . . . / macc a āisse as ḟerr co n-anmain, Bruchst. i 14 § 24 ( IT iii 74 § 35 ). cinnas a aesa-sum in meic bic sin innossa, TBC-LL¹ 845 . is áis cēt bliadan dam `I am a hundred years of age, ZCP vi 58.15 . aois áiridhe ┐ foghluim iomchubhaidh (qualifications of candidate for orders), Parrth. Anma 3107 . ar a.¤ in the matter of age, in years: cia ba nóidenán ar áes (: ingaes) `though he was a babe in years', Thes. ii 291.16 (Hy. i). ingen bad chomadais dó ar aís ┐ cruth, LU 10187 . mású ar aís m'athar, as sinem and Éndae Cromm if it be a question of my father's age, Trip.² 1485 . íar n-áesaib according to age: a fari dúib iar n-aesaib, LU 9052 ( FB § 80 . ) mithig anad do báesaib / nocha n-iar n-áesaib tíagair it is high time to desist from folly, it is not according to age that one goes (to death), ACL iii 215.6 . Fig. cia áis in lái anosa? what time is it?, Acall. 505 v.l. cetain ar ai laithi sechtmaine ┐ ochtmadh uathad ar aí aessa esci as regards the age of the moon, AU ii 152.2 . ?cia on cotagair aesa éscai, LL 1564 . With qualifying words: iar n-ais toga the age of choice (i.e. of marriage or otherwise), Ir. Recht 37.28 . a n-ais ica leth dire, Laws v 150.25 Comm. riasiu thi aes cadhnuigh doibh, ii 46.15 Comm. go bhfuilim i n-aois óg-laoich (i.e. thirty years), Dán Dé xxv 39 . a n-áis tserruig when it is a colt, Ériu iv 214.26 .

(b) stage, period (of life): ho oclachas ón, cenid ed as chetnae náis in homine, Ml. 44c26 . colamna āis .i. aimsera āis .i. naoidendacht etc., (of the seven ages of man), Corm. Y 322 . teit i n-oesaib co fo tri / gach oen fhothraigios eiste `life's stage is traversed thrice', SG 248.32 . Specifically of youth, prime: is dered dot' āeis (of a woman past her beauty), ZCP vi 266 § 6 . i tuile a ratha ┐ a áissi dó, CCath. 353 . Of old age: co háis ┐ chríne, LL 283b9 . uile attrebthaide na cathrach etir áes ┐ áetid old and young, LL 220b42 . ( TTr. 270 ). i sliab n-óited i fiadach (fidach v.l.) n-aise (ais v.l.), RC xxvi 26 § 92 . beimmi cen aes, cen érchra, sunn co brath, Trip.² 274 . cen ais cen forcend, PH 7125 . i n-a ligi áisi . . . ár ṅdichur a ṅgascid, CRR § 14 . fleadh aíse the Feast of Age, one of the festivals of the Túatha Dé Danann: do bhídís T.D.D. . . . ag caithiomh Fleidhe Aoise ann gach síoth fá seach, Atlantis iv 118.26 . ag caithiomh na Fleighe Aoise go súbhach, 138.28 . Fig. feadh an laoi-si ma fhleadhaibh / bu fleadh aoisi d'fhileadhaibh, Ériu v 54.z .

(c) lifetime: dochaith se dā trian a aisi ┐ a aimsiri re gaisced, RC x 190.26 . is and robaí in domun immedon a aísi ┐ a brotha ┐ a borrfaid, LL 235a30 . Colum co crábud co ngrís / dom snádud iar n-aís for nem, LL 4815 . gur chaitheas urmhór m'aoise, Dán Dé xi 7 . feadh m'aoise throughout my days, xv 2 . In phrase ó (a) aís all (his) life: a ndor-airngred duit ót áis, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 20.7 . amal bid occaib nobeith o ais as if he had been at them all his life, RC x 78.16 . ar tí Temra duit ot áis, `since thou art intent upon Temair for thyself' Cog. 124.3 `all thy life', Ériu ii 87 . ben Chaim Oliuan o haís all her life, LL 16478 ( RC xlvii 290.6 ).

(d) age of the world, era: is d'aes tānaissi, nī tār / ō dīlinn co Abrahám, ZCP iii 17.9 . fodhailter in aimsear . . . a bliadhain i saegul, a saegul i n-aeis, MR 108.6 . an tan fá haois don Tighearna, 447 , Keat. ii 6142 .

(e) In phrases with úair: as í sin aes ┐ uair ro ghabh íttu Diarmait that was the very time when, Acall. 2321 . as i sin . . . aes ┐ uair dobi imshnim mor ar menmain Ioib, TTebe 2595 . ó do riacht chuice co haes na huairi sin till that very moment, Acall. 1625 . on luan re samain go hais na huaire seo, ZCP x 301.20 .

2 áes

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 áes or dil.ie/645
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: áes, aeis, aesa

n u, m. áes m. (g s. and n p. aeis, aesa), IGT Decl. § 38 .

People, folk, those who, etc. Almost invariably with qual. clause, adj., or noun in gen.: áis fil oc turcbail grene gl. qui primi hominum solem uident, Ml. 94b18 . ?dommuinetar indóini is (indoiss, MS.) ferc do insin, 49b7 . dond aos bís illobrae `to those that are lying sick', Mon. Tall. 148.9 (§ 56) . genaiti áesa a Tenmag Trogaigi, LU 3521 . a Athair na n-uile aos `Father of all folk', A. Ó Dálaigh xxix 4 .

With follg. adj.: int ais amprom `the wicked ', Ml. 31c6 . int óis anfoirbthe `the imperfect folk', Wb. 13c13 . ind aiso boicht `of the poor ', Ml. 31c1 . in n-áis déed `the lazy folk', Wb. 25c19 . aithbeoadh aois éidtreoraig `a resurrection of all feeble folk', O'Gr. Cat. 485.1 . int ais firian `the righteous ', Ml. 55d11 . tairisem ind aiso firien, 54a13 . ni forcital óisa foirbthi `of perfect folk', Wb. 8c3 . ind aosae galrich `of sickly persons', Mon. Tall. 146.27. (§ 52) . dar cenn ind óesa lobuir `for sake of the feeble folk', Wb. 10c11 . int ais lósc `the blind ', Ml. 45c9 . in n-aés moith ┐ anfoirbthe `the tender and imperfect', 45b17 . ind áisso noib `of the saints ', Ml. 27c2 . inna fochaide dobertar forsin naís noib, Ml. 27b15 . in t-aes ócc óetedhach the young , TTr.² 1218 . aes sruith superiors , Trip.² 2115 . cen imcomet aesa sruith, Laws iii 510.2 . With follg. noun in gen. (for similar phrases see fer, lucht): áes . . . airechta members of an assembly , O'D. 544 ( H 3.17 c. 435 ). bhur náos énúaire sojourners , Levit. xxv 23 . áos aithrigi ` penitents ', Mon. Tall. 131.z (§ 11) . in t-aes cairdiusa ┐ caradraidh friends , CCath. 233 . óis carcre ` prisoners ', Wb. 28d30 . áes comchotaig allies, partners , LU 4637 (TBC). aes comgnima co-operators, fellow-workmen , Laws v 156.18 Comm. aes cotalta sleepers , Laws iii 220.23 Comm. don aes na deiccsin (leg. -sen) the watchers , BDD² 589 . aithgabail aesa ecolsa ` ecclesiastics ', Laws ii 120.5 Comm. fíad áes enig, LU 3903 ( SCC § 41 ). áes gráda retainers, counsellors : ar marbad a muintiri, ocus aessa grada, ocus a comalta, Cog. 62.2 . tugudur a aes gradha mur comurle dó, ZCP vi 273.4 . is and sin do gluaisetar a glanaos gradha gu hO mBriain, ITS xxvi 63.25 . do gluais uathad da aes grada, Ann. Conn. 236(s.a. 1315.11) . ro airc Feidlimid iar sin aes grada Ruaidri h. Conchobair, 1316.4 . for aes n-imthechta messengers , TBC-LL¹ 148 . mian ngalair aesa inhuitir `sick craving of invalids', Ériu xii 20.1. (BCrólige). á.¤ láime actual perpetrators: is iat is aes laime ann lucht in combaiti, Laws iii 252.13 Comm. ( lucht laime, 8 ). æs mancuine `personal retainers ', Ériu xii 40 § 50 (BCrólige). oís muntire gl. domistici Dei, Wb. 21c4 ; 21b12 . do óes oifrinn congregation at mass, Trip.² 1386 . ar n-óis rechto `we folk of the Law', Wb. 31d1 . int ais sechmaill `the passers-by ', Ml. 102a15 . romtar óis teglig `folk of (His) family', Wb. 7b13 . ond áes tuaithe from the laity , Wb. 28b32 . Esp. to denote an occupation or calling: óes cherdd craftsmen or poets , Críth G. 281 . int aos creth poets , ACL iii 310 viii 3 . a.¤ dána artists, poets , see dán. a.¤ gráid men in orders, see 1 grád. a.¤ gráda favourites, confidants, etc. see 2 grád.

Folld by gen. of a place-name: áes an Arda (= Firu Arddae § 1), ACL iii 296 § 35 . for aes mbabelone `the Babylonians ', Ml. 107a5 . áis inna ethiobae `those of Ethiopia', 94b22 . á áis siriae `O Syrians', 66c12 . aes na Temrach, BDD² 159 .

In nn. loc. see Hog. Onom.

1 aicned

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 aicned or dil.ie/808

 

Forms: aigneadh, aignidh, aigeanta, a., a., aicnid, aicniud, aigenta

n o, n. Later m. aigneadh m. (g s. and n p. aignidh, aigeanta), IGT Decl. § 49 . (referred by Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 544 to a compd. *ad-gní. See Vendr. Lex.). n s. a.¤ , Ml. 146a2 . a s. a.¤ , 67c12 , ZCP vii 299.15 . g s. aicnid, Wb. 32b6 . d s. aicniud, Ml. 17b26 .

(a) inherent quality, essence, nature: combad a.¤ nindib a nolc gl. naturalis `that the evil is natural in them', Ml. 76a11 . a.¤ ind reto, 20a19 . is trom . . . ho aicniud, 20a20 . foillsigthir as nísel in doinacht iar naicniud, 25c5 . atgleinn assa aicniud fessin air is inunn folud techtas frisin bocht, 61a8 . fri a.¤ inna deachtae, 67c12 . ni ó aicniud na cétne tuisten act is o aicniud pectho doforchosalsam ó adam gl. eramus natura filii irae, Wb. 21b4 . fírmac aicnid ní a uccu gl. filius meus es tú, 32b6 . cesu locdatu as a.¤ and, Sg. 217b12 . ba tressio tol aicniud will was stronger than nature, LU 10730 . sechtar aicniud duine preternaturally, RC ii 402 § 43 . i nd-oendacht aicnid ┐ i trédacht persainde, PH 7086 . ro túaslaicthe for a.¤ na ndul dia ndernta they have been dissolved into the nature of the elements from which they were made (of the dead), LU 2518 . muna raibhe i nacchaid aiccnidh contrary to nature, ZCP x 16.23 . tīagat sium asa n-aignedaib cōirib they leave their proper natures(?), viii 104.7 . aigneadh an ois éigcríona the instinct of the young stag, Content. xxv 7 . aigned suighte fil indti sen they have magnetic properties (of stones), BB 7a13 . a oifficech dia dīrgadh i n-a aignedh cōir `a driver directing it in its proper function' (of a mill), Fl. Earls 72.16 . Opposed to poetical invention: is fuirmed filed romīdair ina hanmand sa dona airc[h]etluib do ṡluind na n-ilaltae . . ., nī ha.¤ romīdir leo, Corm. Y 41 . Attrib. g s.: is firindi aignidh dia lentais `they followed Natural Truth', IT iii 202 § 80 . ferinnsci aicnid, is e in fer, ferinnsci saerda, is e an neam i.e. natural as oppd. to conventional masculine, Auraic. 595 = f. aigenta, 3126 (cf. aicnetae).

Nature as a basis of law: cid i n-agar breithemnus berla Feini? . . . i fir ┐ dliged ┐ aignead, Laws v 2.2 . fir n-aignaid, 430.23 . i mbreathaib aicnigh ┐ cuibse in judgements oḟ nature and conscience, 452.20 . a fir breith iar cubus ┐ aigne, ii 18.20 Comm. a hurd Feine ┐ aicnidh, v 466.21 . in tan na fuidbiter a cosmailius hi is a breth a lom-aignid `when no parallel case is found it is to be taken from bare nature', 8.z Comm.

In phr. fo a.¤ according to the nature of: fo aigned a graid, BCrólige § 21 . is fiach fo a.¤ ar inti dorinne, § 61. fo a.¤ na ré, O'D. 1651 (H. 5.15, p. 21a). fo a.¤ na fogla `according to the nature of the trespass', Laws iv 76.1 Comm. fo a.¤ cetmuindtire urnadma no adaltraige, 44.y Comm. fo aignedh craind, 170.15 Comm.

(b) mind, spirit, feeling: do ṡaine ergna ┐ aigenta ┐ inntlechta, CCath. 1617 . dearóile th'intinne ┐ th' aigeanta `how miserable thy mind and spirit', Keat. iii 3150 . cessis a menma ┐ a a.¤ ┐ a innithim forthu, CRR § 26 . tuc toil a menman ┐ a haigenta dhí, RC xxix 132 § 46 . as gairdiugud menman ┐ aicenta dúin, Acall. 287 . ar dorat Dia a seirc ┐ a grad fom a.¤ , BB 239b2 . ra érig . . . fích immarcraid i nacentaib ánruth, LL 240a13 ( TTr. 1724 ). go ndearna . . . taom budh aithreach dá aigneadh, TD 17.59 . do chuaid a aigned as a inadh he was beside himself, Celt. Rev. iii 10.31 . aigneadh dúnta 'gun rígh ruind since the king's mind is closed against us, Ériu iv 220.19 . ba brisedh aiccnid mor la Cesair sin `that was a great heartbreak to Caesar,' CCath. 3321 . In phrase do-ice a.¤ x for x is moved (towards, by) (cf. do-icc cride for, s.v. do-icc II a): tainig aignedh C. andsin ar briathraib na hingine C. was greatly moved at the girl's words, TTebe 4606 . tanic a n-a.¤ co mor forro the Greeks were greatly moved for them, 3125 . In sense of high spirit, courage: mosgail th'aigneadh, eirg ad lúireach, SGS iv 138 § 5 . anger, wrath: eirghidh a.¤ in cleirig friu, Lism. L. 2972 . ni lamdhais . . . ní dó . . . ar mhét a aicnidh, 2999 . rocendsaiged . . . a.¤ O., TTebe 2959 . do ḟiuch a ḟearg ┐ do ardaigh a aigneadh, ML 138.30 . amal rochúala Cairpre / téit a a.¤ i n-airdde `his anger is roused', Metr. Dinds. iii 444.66 . benaidh aignedh Molaga fris et téitt bás Molaga's anger struck him, Irish Texts iii 21 § 18 .

(c) disposition, character, behaviour: a.¤ ailgen cen ainble, ZCP vi 264 § 10 . ronbé ō christ aigned n-arge, ACL iii 297 § 55 . ba hanrata a.¤ ind fir sin, TTebe 1544 . fear dob aithreamhail n-aignidh `like his father in disposition', TD 17.37 . a Eoin go n-aigneadh coluim (to John the Baptist), Dán Dé xi 19 .

(d) mind, attention, thought: ni roibe a aigned isin ernaighthi, RC xii 330 § 18 . suidh th'aigneadh im uradhall `do thou heed my words', Dán Dé xi 2 . caide th'a.¤ uimmi siút? opinion, Acall. 7537 . intention, idea: an t-aignedh do g[h]abhabhair do láimh `the said resolution you have taken', Ériu xv 50.29 . fillem go ár ccéudaignedh uime so, Geneal. Tracts 20.16 . ar demni ind aicnid, lúthige ind láthair ┐ méit na gaile the certainty of the intention (of performing a feat), LU 9142 ( FB 88 ). a chor i gcrích do réir aigeanta an tí dar thiomna é, TSh. 6145 . In phrase is a.¤ la: ní bad aigned la haon co fetfaide a ngeinemain nobody would ever imagine, Aisl. Tond. 109.2 . más aiccnedh libh a lenmain `if ye mean to abide by it', BNnÉ 288 § 276 . atá i n-a.¤: ni fuil i n-aigniudh co bfuighbhe an breth connaighe o Ultaibh it is not to be expected that you will get the reward you expect from the U., ZCP xiv 226.6 . dia mbeith in aigneadh dhó a shláinte dfaghbail if he were likely to recover his health, AFM v 1772.9 .

(e) knowledge, science (cf. 1 ecna(e)): dá n-iccad a.¤ oendrúad if the skill of any druid were of avail, LU 3549 ( SCC § 29 ). ard shaoi . . . in gach aicniudh atces do dhuine, AFM ii 1166.16 . gebé haigneadh ar a dtiubhra mé aire `to what study soever I apply myself', Carswell 195.9 (O'Rahilly compares aigniodh nuaidhe, Desid. 6449 , see p. 362).

aidilccnigidir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aidilccnigidir or dil.ie/880

 

Forms: aidilccnidir, aidilccnid

v (aidilccne). Also aidilccnidir, aidilccnid. needs, wants (with ó of thing needed): an nad naidlicnigedar gl. nullo . . . indigens adiutore, Ml. 130a2 . absolútum verbum .i. nad adilgnigedar ho thuislib `which does not want cases', Thes. ii 227.33 ( PCr. 59a2 ). ni adilgnigmar gl. numquid egemus, Wb. 15a2 . aidlignigitir (aidlignitir, MS.) . . . uadisi `they need it', Sg. 4b10 . ata coicthi onaidilcnigthir ecna . . . na psalmb `there are five things which the knowledge of the psalms requires', Hib. Min. 8.246 . co ro-aidilgniged . . . Ísu o fortacht aingel amal no-aidilgniged duine indlobar, PH 4841 . ní aidilgnigend . . . in comthinol . . . o anmannaib dílsib `this assembly . . . does not need proper names', 6256 . ni adilcniget na nóim oní aile acht esteacht in cheoil, IT i 173.18 . ni aidilcniget ó nach airchisecht, Alex. 851 . aidilg .i. main dligid, ut est, ni hu bard aidhilgnithar, O'Curry 569 ( H 3.18, p. 284 ) = a.¤ .i. mian .i. dliged, ut est ni huib ard aidilgnithar, O'Curry 1970 (H. 4.22, 15). Note: is airi ni aidlicnigetar anmmae `they need not a noun', Sg. 200a2 (gen. here no doubt due to the Lat. adiunctione nominis non egent). With accus.: do cach richt imabeir ┐ no aidilngniter, Laws v 490.15 = no da-n-ailcnige, 488.16 Comm. failte . . . do gach aon aidhilgnius (adilcnes, adailgnes v.ll.) samugud sund who wishes to settle here, Anecd. ii 53.12 . seciped ord aidilgnides, Laws iii 42.13 Comm. glossing iar naidilgne uird.

aimser

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aimser or dil.ie/1149
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: amser, aimsir, aimsire, aimsiri, aimsire, aimsir, aimsera, aimseara, aimsior, aimseraib

n ā, f. (see Celtica i 339 ) n s. ind a.¤ , Sg. 66b12 . ind amser , Thes. ii 229.26 (PCr.). a s. aimsir, Wb. 9a9 . g s. aimsire, Sg. 66b15 . aimsiri, LU 8049 . ? an aimsire , O'Curry 1902 ( 23 P 3 , 23 (21)b ). d s. aimsir, Wb. 23d23 . n p. aimsera, RC xlix 7 § 3 . a p. aimseara, BDD² 261 . g p. aimsior, MS. Mat. 572.29 . d p. aimseraib, SR 10 . See Vendr. Lex.

(a) point of time: condidtísed ind a.¤ ba chomadas dó, Wb. 21a1 . tánicc a.¤ mo idbarte se, 30d11 . isind aimsir sin, 13b1 . tanicc a.¤ derb togle troi, desmrecht insin ar aimsir deirb, Sg. 66b17 . cisi a.¤ hi forcomnactar in gnimai `at what time the deeds took place', Ml. 97a5 . is í sein trá amser i llotár in macrad, LU 6344 (TBC). cethardai condagar da cech elathain .i. locc ┐ a.¤ ┐ persa ┐ fáth airicc (a common opening of Irish treatises), Fél. 2.1 (cf. Laws i 2-4 ). aimsir cinnte a báis, RC xii 336 § 27 . adeir fellsam díb anuair docí sé curab a.¤that it is the right time for it, Maund. 204 . Note also: tōet for m'ainech-sa co fārgub-sa Temair lais ar nī lim ind a.¤ rucus brith it is no longer mine since I gave the judgement, ZCP viii 311.36 .

(b) period of time, span, spell: robói a.¤ nad rochreitsid `there was a time that ye have not believed', Wb. 5c10 . ataat alaili feidligte ho aimsir `there are some who endure for a while', Ml. 21d4 . ilardatu inna aimsire mbite som isind fognam, 28b9 . baí oca amser már iar sin for a long time, LL 14554 . in aroli d'aimsir, Hom. Leg. 77.15 . fri re n-aimsire for a while, TFrag. 76.5 . ?immusrala muir aimsera co tāncatar Éirind time and tide served(?) (or for aimserda?), ZCP viii 312.14 . ar séan uaire ┐ aimsire, TD 41.15 . i cind amsire iartain fácbaim-se E., LL 7332 . tug an toice re haimsir / druim riom . . ., for a time, DDána 90.2 . ó aimsir go haimsir from time to time (i.e. occasionally), Keat. i 80.21 . gacha haimsire `always', Fl. Earls 122.22 . term, stage: fiarfaighter an bind iiii h-aimsera a gach fiabrus, RC xlix 7 § 3 . beir tri h-aimsera gerra ad tigernus fen aris, BCC 374.7 . i n-aimseruib laith, Laws v 268.20 . Of a legal period a.¤ togu: cadiad aimsira thogha? . . . a cinn a ceithre mbliadhan dec do ingin, a cinn secht mbliadan dec do mac, i.e. the end of the fosterage period, 14 years for a girl, 17 years for a boy, after which a choice could be made between marriage or the religious life, Laws ii 192.13 Comm. , Stud. in E. Ir. Law 188 . a n-aimsir dithma, Laws ii 114.19 Comm. a.¤ aenaid, aimsir dunaig, v 302. 32 . a.¤ chue see cóe. fixed-term agreement (of service): do-rinneadur aimsear re chēile go ceann bliadhna 'they made an agreement of service between them for a year' Celtica iv 70.205 .

(c) period, age, epoch: á aimsir in n-aimsir a saigal hi saigul, Ml. 115b7 . ri co ruinib robai fail / ria ndúilib rianaimseraib, SR 10 . ó cheudtos na naimsior gus aniu, MS. Matthew 572.29 . hisin chethramad amsir in domain táncatar Gaedil i nHérind, LL 1804 . fri remius chóic n-aimser cósin `for the space of five ages' (before the crucifixion), ZCP iv 388.2 . ré cúig n-aimsear during five ages, DDána 20.12 . rule, reign, time of specific persons: i namseir da mac Aeda Sláne, Thes. ii 298.25 . nach raibi 'na righ-aimsir eineach badh urdrucu, Hy Maine 135.12 . i n-amsir na náem, LL 298b5 ( SG 367.2 ). d'aimsir na n-apstal, TSh. 5008 . Of contemporary time: conricci in n-aimsir hi taam, Wb. 9a9 . is it amsir cluinti se / longes tri mac n-ard n-Uisle, IT i 70.7 (L. mac nU.). ro derscaigestar a tech . . . do thigib inna hamsiri sin uli, LU 8049 ( FB 1 ). rosháraigh na uili macu a aimsiri ar mét, RC x 188.3 . bo geis . . . don ḟilidh isin aimsir sin anfis do beith fair at that time, ACL iii 4.19 . lucht énaimsire contemporaries, Mart. Don. Feb. 7 . lifetime, life: do chomurtha a slánti ┐ tormmaig a amsire iarum, RC xii 436 § 46 . senoir . . . ar caithemh forgla a aisi ┐ a aimsiri, x 191.8 . biaidh m'aimsear 'n-a héanlaithibh, DDána 6.35 . do chaith a aimsir go haithrigheach, TSh. 413 .

(d) season (of year); weather: dorala ind aimsir geimrid it happened in the season of winter, Trip.² 112 . i naimsir in geamfuachta, Laws i 2.7 . i naimsir erraig, ii 120.17 Comm. to-tét meas fo aimsera, BDD² 261 . do 4 haimsearachaib na bliadhna, Corp. Astron. 16.1 . ba ro-mhaith in a.¤ ┐ na sligthe frissin ré sin weather, Fl. Earls 80.24 . aimsir theinntide thessaide neimhneach, 192.x.

(e) Gramm. Of the `time' or length of sounds and syllables: liquidae .i. hit lechdacha lesom in tan nád techtat acht oin aimsir `he deems them liquids when they have only one time', Sg. 5a10 . fat aimsire na sillab, Fél.² ccviii 5 . is cumair sin ┐ ni bi fair acht aimsear co leith tantum . . . da aimsir . . . forsin nguthaige fota, Auraic. 1349 . intan immorro is aenguthaige amal ata a o alt eter da aimsir and, 1432 . Of tense: issí ind amser éccríchtha `the unlimited tense (the aorist)', Thes. ii 229.26 ( PCr. 62b2 ).

? Temporal adverb: áirmhe náid aimseara . . . lochdach . . . a ttús chomhfhocuil cheirt, IGT Introd. 24 § 97 . áirmhe ┐ aimseara . . . aimseara, íairmbérla coimhleanamhna: ané, aniogh . . . lochdach a ttús chomhfhocuil íad, 28 § 125 .

ainmm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ainmm or dil.ie/1471
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: a., ainm, ainm, ainim, a., ainm, anmae, anme, anmma, anmme, anmaim, anmin, anmmaimm, anman, anmmann, anman, anmann, anmanaib, nainm, nainmm

n n, n. Later m. int a.¤ , Trip.² 305 . ainm m. IGT Decl. § 41 . n s. ainm, Wb. 21d4 . Ml. 30a11 . ainim, 30a9 . a.¤ , Sg. 56b10 . a s. ainm, Ml. 30a10 . g s. anmae, Ml. 30a10 . anme, 36b1 . anmma, Sg. 26b11 . anmme, 211b6 . d s. anmaim, Ml. 30c17 . anmin, 17b9 . anmmaimm, Sg. 54b3 . n p. anman, Ml. 104a4 . a p. anmmann, Sg. 61b3 . g p. anman, Ml. 87a12 . anmann, Sg. 27a9 . d p. anmanaib, Ml. 30a8 . n du. da nainm , Ml. 34d6 . a du. da nainmm , Sg. 28a7 . For Ogam ANM see Vendryes Études Celt. vii 139-46 (= inscription? mortal remains?).

(a) name: anman na coic cathrach, Ml. 104a4 . hond anmim asberr iesus, 17b9 . is ed dogair som ho anmaim chailich which he calls by the name of, 30c17 . do dechor etir anmmann inna crann ┐ anmmann a toraid inna crann sin, Sg. 61b3 . ind anmma dilis `of the proper name', 26b11 . Calpurnd ainm a athar, Trip.² 82 . Gnimcinnsiolaigh la ainim by name, TFrag. 168.10 . oc baistiud ind anma-sin fora athair, Sc.M² § 12 . cechlabat fir hErend . . . inn ainm sin, TBC-LL¹ 1056 . ainm n-ogaim, 582 (See Études Celt. vii 139-46). ainm ┐ uss ┐ slondudh (required in certain kinds of satire), IT iii 105 § 210 , see p. 122 and Éigse v 231 . Dismus ┐ Geomus anmand Grécda na latrand, Ériu iii 198 § 25 . sgríobhaid . . . anmonna ar slógh i nglanrolla, TD 30.9 . anmanda na seacht fear ndeg, Auraic. 125 . da n-ainm fuirre she has two names, ZCP viii 106.5 . Inis Bhanbha na ttrí ttonn / do shlonn sí trí hanma ann, IGT Decl. ex. 1152 . suairc an daingean anma d'Aodh this fort called Aodh's, DDána 119.10 . a.¤ baiste Christian name: Tadhg no Domnall, atá sunnradh anma baisde ionnta, IGT Introd. § 15 (7.21) . an Colum Cille . . . is é fá hainm baiste dhó Criomhthann, Keat. iii 1575 . i n-anmain in the name of: combad a n-anmaim cruichi Crist noragadh a n-agaidh Tholamir, RC x 184.7 . i nn-anmaim Athar ┐ Maicc ┐ Spirtu Noíb, Trip.² 668 . nach óen dobéra ní it anmaimm, 1343 . dia nglacadh . . . a n-ainm diūc de parma `to . . . receive them in the name of the D.', Fl. Earls 102.26 . baí ssidhe . . . leith bliadhain in ainm ┐ in ionad an prionnsa inErinn, AFM vi 225 § 11 . Meaning uncertain in phrase a.¤ rainde ('share, proportion (lit. a division in name only)' Ériu xl 104 n. 9 ; `proportion', Laws Gloss.; 'specified or fixed amount; designated fraction' EIS 102 ): in tainmrainne gabus in crann ina cloich gurab é in tainmrainne sin do leth logh bes fair ┐ is é rainn rachus ar na anmannaibh rainne sin, O'D. 916 ( H 3.17, c. 653 ). in tainmrainne gabus éric nochtaithi tige . . . bes a mbuain a tuige dib, 1696 (H. 5.15, p. 31b). in t-ainmrainde gabus aen trian secht cumal indtib uile, Laws iii 116.9 Comm. in tainmrainne geabus in sine isin uth, 366.5 Comm. in t-ainmroindi dun cethraimthi eneclainni . . . gurub a leth bias do, Laws v 34.17 Comm. in t-ainmrainde gaibis an sechtmad isin mis curob e an t-ainmrainde sin don dechmaid bes tis, 308.2 Comm. in tainmraindi d'a eniclainn fen do biad dosum, 72.10 Comm. Title, heading: an t-ainm iasachta uarais the foreign title thou hast got, TD 22a.8 . gan ainm ríodhamhna gan rígh, 32.44 . do chailleas onóir mh'anma, DDána 90.3 . ní dhé sin tré cheart n-anma / goirthear rí go bhfreasabhra `such a man cannot strictly be called opposed', Content. vi 138 . is anmmaim ona attat `under the name of loan', Laws v 368.x Comm. toirmisgther ann so a nainm gada . . . gan fiacha nó cíos do dhíol under the heading of theft, O'Gr. Cat. 113.32 .

(b) reputation, repute, renown: dia lotar fo-dess for fecht | fo ainm Iosēph i n-Ēgept 'they went southwards on a journey under the protection (lit. name) of Joseph into Egypt', SR (Greene) 3647​ . forbīad a ainm ar gnīmaib gaiscid firu Érend, TBC-I¹ 551 . is í T. cathuir is mó ainm indti `the city most of name', Maund. 228 . ? bidh ainm cintaig in gairm ndodhad / bid ainm cinadh, ACL iii 295 § 29 ; cf. 296 § 35 . ainm uasal san Eoruip ort, DDána, 90.6 . bhar n-ainm féile re fada / méadóchaidh Mac Diarmada, 68.35 . ar mhéad anma is einigh, TD 10.2 .

(c) Gramm. noun: ind anme fil ina chomsuidigud gl. nominis, Sg. 211b6 . intan nád ṁbí conson etir peneuilt ┐ uilt isind anmmaimm chétnidiu gl. in nomine, 54b3 . nibí dechor etir diall nanmann ┐ pronominum `there is no difference between the declension of nouns and pronouns', 27a9 . a.¤ (= nomen) ┐ pronomen ┐ briathar, Auraic. 300 . a.¤ scoilte noun composed of different words: ainm sgoilte nach cóir a ttús chomhfhocuil: Fégh fa lighe, no Giolla na naomh, no Mac Raith, IGT Introd. § 124 (28.23) . So also: ainm sgoilti, ainm ceirde, § 97 (24.27) . a.¤ substaintech concrete (as oppd. to abstract) noun(?): ar an méd as pearsuin di (i.e. don ghaoidheilg) seach a hanmannuibh subsdainnteacha, § 2 (2.10) . gan aithearrach oghuim do dhénamh ar chonnsuine láir anma subsdainntigh fhocuil nach comhfhocal, § 102 (25.33) . a.¤ trén substantive, see trén. a.¤ adiecht(a) adjective see adiec(h)t(a). a.¤ úathaid simple (i.e. uncompounded) noun , see 1 úathad. Cf. doaidbit ainm hi suidiu gl. nominatiui casus uim habent (of verbs), Sg. 159a2 (noun). Nominative case: ag sin, ag súd, is ag so comchóir réim is ainm orra, IGT Introd. § 128 (29.8) . co ír [réim] ┐ ainm na mbéluibh sin, ag sin mhnaoi ngil, ag sin bean gheal, ibid.

aipélugud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aipélugud or dil.ie/1568

 

vn. of ad-béligedar, Thurn. Reader. act of flattering; adulation: apelugud ho belaib ┐ fomraid hi cridiu, Ml. 31a1 . inna n-apelaigthe gl. adulatorum, 28a8 . briathra abelaichthi leu, 74a6 . apelaigthe gl. adulationis, Sg. 45b5 . sainreth do maccaib apélogud `caressing', 6 . cia beth ind apélugud, 7 . no bítis . . . ic abélugud fris, Alex. 545 .

airchellad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airchellad or dil.ie/1693

 

u, m. vn. of ar-cela act of taking away, stealing: bes nobed nach aile leis ocinnd a.¤ , Sg. 202a7 . ? irudoerudo .i. emblema nó a.¤ , 52b3 . int a.¤ hi follus, Ml. 28c5 . ho a.¤ , 36b2 . tri a.¤ donaib sommaib a n-anae, 90a11 . ho erchellad, 38a13 . tri erchellad, 57a2 . erlam doib a erchellad ┐ a fordiuclaimm du chách, 102a10 . ? mac rocháin d'airchelad tre thóathbanda, ZCP xvii 197.10 . is leo du airchelath `it is a lion to ravish', Ériu vii 152.14 . ?athair na ndee n-airc[h]elta (: bechta) `gods of robbers', ZCP xii 245 § 2 . nairi aircelta na ningen, imbert na mban, BB 444a5 . is aircellad manaigh dun eclais, O'D. 2257 ( Rawl. B. 506, 20b ). airchellad .i. tiumsughad, ut est, a.¤ mong malartad édaig, O'Curry 1465 ( H 3.18, 651 ). a.¤ .i. timsugud, ut est cartad egair aircellad .i. a frith-teglama fói nó a timsugud do, O'Dav. 96 . airchealladh .i. goid, O'Cl.

Gramm. case-name of noun in accus. with prep. ar: fer . . . a airchelladh ar fer, Auraic. 1886 .

See 1 airchell.

aircur

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aircur or dil.ie/1791

 

n m. See LEIA pressure, oppression: int a.¤ gl. malorum presura, Ml. 38d21 . a.¤ gl. presuram Wb. 23b19 . on[d air]cur gl. qui in omni presura sunt, 14b12 . ho ésid .i. ho aircuir gl. exitio, Ml. 45c5 .

1 airechas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 airechas or dil.ie/1900

 

n u, m. Later o. (1 airech). In Laws position of an aire; rank, legal status: ócaire, is ardu a a.¤ adi, Críth G. 87 . is di búaib atá a a.¤ ┐ a eneclann, 153 . do cuaidh as a bo-airechus ┐ ni riacht in t-oirechus desa, Laws v 32.12 Comm. cach aireachas [bes?] ardu i.e. each higher step in the rank of `aire', ii 12.4 Comm. is aire desu cu nairechus echta, 266.8 Comm. dair, cidh dombeir nairechus hi? iv 148.z . ni bis i m(b)iad a aireagais `in accordance with the dignity of his rank', BCrólige 24 .

In more general sense precedence, sovereignty, superiority, importance: a.¤ ind rig `the preeminence of the King', Ml. 46b6 . a.¤ do thabairt do macc `that principality (i.e. sovereignty) is given to the Son', 128a15 . rohucad a.¤ inna róma co constantinopoil, Sg. 174a1 . a.¤ ceneóil airsiu (leg. airsin? edd.) ní a.¤ fidei, Wb. 1b12 . dorochóinset arndabeth . . . ind a.¤ cétnae `they despaired of having . . . the same pre-eminence', Ml. 131c9 . ind airechsa ┐ inna soire rotecht in popul, 5 . huand a.¤ , 113b10 . airegas gl. a principio, Wb. 7b11 . in n-a.¤ nísin, Ml. 64d11 . ni gaib a.¤ , Wb. 3d8 . ithé rogabsat airegas gl. quosdam . . . possuit Deus . . . primum apostolos, 12b13 . ardri ar airechus, LU 8485 ( FB § 33 ). is la demnaib a n-oenur a airichas its sovereignty belongs to the devils alone (of hell), 2222 . tilach airechais ┐ tigernais Herend, 3439 ( SCC § 21 ). rígi ┐ airechus hÉrenn, BColm. 72.18 . is acco bái in t-a.¤ mór in ard ruide, LL 206a30 . teilccfidher a n-a.¤ / o sain collaithe mbratha, Anecd. ii 31.14 . a.¤ nEchach iarsin / sáegul noídecdai i nEmain, Metr. Dinds. iv 68.134 . gur bhean ríghe ┐ aireachas . . . de, Keat. iii 1436 . riasiú ro chaith bliadhain iomlán i n-aireachas a athardha, AFM v 1706.9 . gur maidset meic E. airechus coscair na cath-laithrech `gained the victory of the battle place', MR 244.8 . airechus engnuma, 160.18 . a nirt ┐ a n-airechus, ZCP viii 107.11 = a nert ┐ cumachta ┐ niachus, Anecd. ii 54.10 . ro chumhdaigh . . . cathair . . . is innte sein do caittí inmhe ┐ oirechus an ferainn sin go hiomlán, BNnÉ 236 § 158 . Frequ. coupled with ordan: t'ordan ┐ t'a.¤ , Trip.² 2971 . mór d'ordan ┐ d'aerechas, LU 10118 . tuile ordain ┐ oireachais na hErind (of a person), RC xvii 407.21 (Tig.). So also: ordan ┐ oireachas Mumhan, AFM ii 912.18 . As defining gen. port airechais seat of government, residence of a chief: ardphuirt aireachais an tíre, AFM v 1688.12 . port airechais Iarla C. R., vi 2200.13 . ardphuirt aireachuis Éireann `Ireland's capitals', TD 1.5 (see note, ii p. 188). cathair oirechais chief city, capital, Marco P. 3 . dothaithtin leo . . . in tinbher eisg ┐ oireachuis fuaradar ann `the noble fish-abounding estuary', Ériu v 90.22 . In comic n.pr. Ordan mac Airechuis, Anecd. ii 64.1 .

airegda (-ae)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airegda (-ae) or dil.ie/1917

 

Forms: airechda

adj io, iā (3 aire). Also airechda. excellent, pre-eminent, notable: is ho Isaác dofuisémthar a síl nairegde, Wb. 4c7 . rann airegde inna anme gl. spiritus, 25c26 . inna ndule nairechdae, Ml. 87b21 . airechta gráda a cossa ┐ a lama, Thr. Ir. Gl. 37.14 = airegdai grāta, Corm. Y 1059 (92.19) . rí amra a.¤ , BDD² 1 . at-chíu flaith n-ard n-aireagdai, 1011 . na trí gillai óca ána a.¤ , MU² 74 . imm rigain . . . n-oiregdha, Aen. 376 . trí éoin a.¤ remarkable , LU 2008 . bá laithi n-airechdae léo-som ind feis Temrach notable , Trip.² 524 . teora gemai airechdai . . . .i. Colum Cille etc., 599 . deilge órda a.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 5684 . na cethri suailche airegdai noble, PH 4608 . na hocht sualchi erechdai, 6850 . fogeba . . . bethaidh n-a.¤ occumsa excellent, CCath. 3341 . a sosadh orduirc oiregda na hEirenn (of Tara), Ériu iii 150 § 1 . dá roicheam don bhrugh fhionnfhuar oireaghdha, DDána 70.18 . sircolladh do denum ar imdhaidh uasail oiredha `stately', ZCP vi 95.4 . is oirighdha aigeanta imchubhaidh do'n ealadhain si, MR 94.13 . feda airegda vowels (of the Ogham alphabet), see fid. principal, leading, first: se nechi a.¤ triasa n-insaigther iffernd, LU 2354 . secht mbaill oirida `seven principal members', Rosa Angl. 130.10 . i ccabhanuibh oireadha ┐ neamhoireadha na hinchinne ventriculis cerebri tam in principalibus quam non principalibus, 23 K 42, 290.7 . Adv. ata folmhughadh leanna fuair go hoireadha ionnta ┐ leanna duib go tanaiste, 392.9 .

Compar.: ciasu airegdu in fer, Wb. 11c17 . ni airegdu a persan som oldaas persan na nabstal olchene, 18d14 . in fót as airechdu són gl. superior gleba, Ml. 37d14 . erechdu són gl. procero, 53a16 . ar ba hairegdu leo a hadnacul hi Cruachain, LU 2915 . Superl.: is ē dēach is airegdamh dīb, Corm. Y 447 (38.9) . dealb is airechdam . . . būi for duine riamh, 1059 (94.13) . With form of compar.: do neoch bá sruthem ┐ ba hairegdu inna caurad, LU 4979 (TBC). int aenduine rob airechda . . . hi comamsir fris fein, Ann. Conn. 1306.2 .

airitiu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airitiu or dil.ie/2148

 

Forms: airitiud

n, f. Vn. of ar-eim ( GOI § 837 ). Cf. Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 513 . Also airitiud.

(a) act of receiving: eritiu briathar ho neuch anall, Ml. 59a15 . ar is tri humaldóit robói ind aritiu hísin gl. dico enim Jesum Christum ministrum fuisse circumcisionis, Wb. 6d5 . a.¤ lóge ar mo precept, 10d31 . re n-airite gráid `before ordination', 28c6.20 . i núrt airiten fochricce do fíríanaib, 13b27 . i n-áiritiu indocbále `in the reception of glory', 4b9 . do a.¤ hirisse `to receive the faith', 19c13 . occa n-airitin na forcetal sin, 16a12 . isind airite gl. inpertitione, Ml. 24a14 . a.¤ in tsacrafaic `to receive the sacrament', Mon. Tall. 146.24 (§ 51) . cen airitin a cobsen `without receiving his confession', 147.30 (§ 54) . cach a.¤ iar coir, Laws iii 36.7 (or in meaning (d) ?) ūasalgrād saccairt do eritin lai[s]-sium, BColm. 30 § 31 . do airidin graidh espoic fair, Lism. L. 216 . airidin .i. gabháil, O'Cl.

(b) act of accepting: a.¤ colno dond macc, Wb. 7c13 . a nemfairitiu `not to accept it', Mon. Tall. 141.12 (§ 35) . issed asbert helair a airidiu `H. replied that he should accept it', 128.18 (§ 4) . ar airitin sēt uad ar bēs n-airc[h]endchaige, Corm. Y 81 . rucus airitin iairnn i ṅgell I have decided that iron is to be accepted as a pledge (a legal decision), ZCP xv 314 § 8 . dia toirge in cheili daorrath do airitin on flaith if the client offer to accept base clientship . . ., O'D. 237 (H. 3.17, c. 189). muna innisi intí ór cennaigh is fiach cubusbraith . . . uadh; muna innisi intí risi rec is fiach airitin (sic) no ditin uadh. Deithbir itir in f. a.¤ ┐ in f. d. . . . an a.¤ doní do féin ┐ doní do neoch aile: in ditiu imurro do neoch aile doní í, 853 ( H 3.17, c. 606 ). imscarad imtoga co n-a.¤ (.i. ac in ceili) ┐ logud (.i. acon flaith on cheile) . . . acht ni ima teilge logad n-airiten, ZCP xiv 384 § 49 ( Laws ii 312 ). mad a.¤ . . . lais in aithir beth fo cinaidh, i.e. if the father accepts responsibility for the crimes of his son, Laws ii 174.7 Comm. , 178.21 Comm. teora hairite for ceilsine, airite seoit a ndingabar dia dernainn, airit itu (sic) taoib a timceall ar deisal, a.¤ beoil a fonascar ceilsine, O'D. 678 ( H 3.17, c. 497 ). Cf. taige (= -de) .i. in t-airited receiving stolen goods, Laws v 458.12 , 13 Comm. in t-airitiud, .19 Comm. ? ceall oc na frith airithiu tratha, Laws v 118.8 . ni hairitin fri Dia it is unacceptable to God, LB 251a53 . a chomairle do áiritin, PH 4092 . aiccept .i. acceptus .i. airiten, Auraic. 1113 .

(c) act of receiving (a guest): a.¤ Maicc Maire i.e. the Presentation, Fél. Feb. 2 . na nói ngrad . . . biait foimti frit' airitein ready to receive you, SR 840 (= beid foimdi friat airmhidhin, 24 P 27, 17 ). is ges damsa . . . dám oenmná da airitin íar fuin ngréne, BDD² 566 . ? a.¤ cach meic do forcital, Laws iii 34.21 . a.¤ (airitiugh v.l.) .i. biatha[dh], ut est foratha a.¤ oighedh do cach ina moam, O'Dav. 68 . Cf. Laws v 120.22 Comm. Note also: Maelmore do airitin ann beos `M. was taken (i.e. captured) there also', AU iii 344.9 .

(d) act of receiving for safe keeping; hence tending, looking after: ascomren aire échta tara cenn, ná[d] té(i)t tír ná humachaire ind acht lestra[i] lóge bó. beirthius dano dia n-airitiu(th) sechtair co cenn cairdi (of vessels), Críth G. 365 . a airitiudh amuich (of stolen goods), Laws i 56.16 Comm. bassa collid giallasa i n-airitin átha mo thúath, LU 9318 = Anecd. iii 53.2 . ? la araid airitiud la errid imdegail, LL 13839 . oc airitiud a cethra, PH 1031 . d'airichill ┐ do airitin forin coblach to lie in wait for, Alex. 330 . go sleaghuibh . . . leo ra hairitin aigh ┐ irgaili for maintaining, RC xliii 48 § 48 . ise connic ind uli dúl . . . do airitin ┐ do imfulang, Alex. 451 .

airmaisiu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airmaisiu or dil.ie/2239

 

Forms: airmaisin, urmoissi, ormoisi, earmaisi, -ean, -eana, urmaisin, ormaisin, ermaisin, -ne

n, f. vn. of ar-midethar, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 578 . Also airmaisin. urmoissi, ormoisi, earmaisi f. (g s. -ean. n p. -eana), IGT Decl. § 143 . urmaisin, ormaisin, ermaisin f. (g s. and n p. -ne), § 144. Verbs § 65 .

(a) act of arriving at, hitting upon: is fuasnad dut menmain siu tuisled ho ermaissiu firinne trí mrechtrad na tintathach `to fail to reach the truth', Ml. 2d5 . rob urusa a urmaisi to perceive it, ACL iii 245 § 17 . duiligh tratha d'urmaisin difficult to distinguish the canonical hours, Anecd. ii 24 § 11 . ni raibhe . . . lucht conístáis ermaisi Hectoir ar febas na hersclaige `that could strike H.', LL 405a38 ( TTr.² 1099 ). ni bi duine . . . gan a fhod urdalta airchennta oidhedha d'urmaisi, MR 268.23 . cin ermaisi slidhi without finding the way, Grail 1209 . With AR: d'úrmaisi uile ar aen chomairli, MR 314.15 . urmas ar Ch. to meet C., BNnÉ 137.14 .

(b) mental capacity, faculty: urmaisin maith do, da fétadh áiremh . . . a fine achievement, ZCP x 6 n.4 . is and sin dus-fanicc a n-urmaisi do cāch ┐ a n-irlabra, Grail 268 . ro boi sist cen labra cen ermasin, 2502 . urmaisi airig strength of mind befitting a noble, MR 192.2 .

1 aithed

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 aithed or dil.ie/2614

 

Forms: athadh, -idh

[o] vn. from * aith-eth-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 514 . athadh (ón élódh) m. (g s. and n p. -idh), IGT Decl. § 11 . elopement, flight: a.¤ cen dethbiri, Laws v 310.3 . mad a.¤ and, nir' chlunter / cid athḟer cid athmunter, Metr. Dinds. iii 18.227 . ni saiched siblig dar sál / a.¤ n-án da ingin úad, iv 96.z. im athadh dian Derdrinde, BB 258b17 . ni bia oram fairisiumh acht mar bhís ben ar aithedh, BNnÉ 313 § 6 . do-tét, téit for a.¤ (la) elopes with: dodechaid for athiud la Midir, LL 22552 . ro laisi . . . algis fairsium co tudchad for a.¤ léi, LU 2931 . luid ar athad ┐ ar élod le hO., Acall. 2975 . luidh Deichtir siur Concubuir . . . for a.¤ , ZCP v 500.30 . Treablann do theacht for aithi tochmhairc fri Frōech, xiii 171.17 . do-beir, beirid for a.¤ (la) carries off: dobert iarom Eochaid Eblind for a.¤ , LU 2933 . berid ar écin Murni for a.¤ leis, 3167 . dolluid si i ndāil Fothaid ┐ berid ar aithid (aithigh MS) leis hí, Fianaig. 8.1 . breith Helene for aithedh, TTr.² 508 . Elend do brith ar athed, 585 . rug Fathadh ní feis gan bhrón /leis ar athadh 's ar élódh, IGT Decl. ex. 350 ( DDána 64.15 ). Name of a category of tales (elopements) in saga-lists, see Heldensage p. 22 . Cf. Laws i 46.4 , Anecd. ii 45 . In less precise sense: ná ro leíce aitheadh na eígen . . . do eígen . . . do eírge ina reimhes, AFM vi 2374.7 .

aithesc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aithesc or dil.ie/2637

 

Forms: athasc, aithesc, aitheasg, aitheasg

n o, n. Also athasc. See GOI § 824 , Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 621 , LEIA aithesc aitheasg f., IGT Decl. § 12 , § 18 . aitheasg m., § 28 , 38 .

(a) answer, reply: a n-aithescc noberid uaimm, Wb. 9d15 . ní ho doinib condaig a.¤ , Ml. 35c21 . inna firinne lasa comtacht a n-a.¤ , 26 . a n-a.¤ dorat Dia do Dauid, 3 . dobeir Dia a.¤ , 51b8 . a.¤ gl. responsio, 9 . intan dombeir . . . a.¤ , Sg. 162a4 . ro íarfacht P. do Ṡ. in n-athesc riam the answer to what had gone before, Trip.² 2876 . a n-a.¤ rop áil do A. iss ed ro ráidseom, LU 10757 . ba hed . . . athesc F. this was F.'s. reply, TBFr. 217 . ni forbaélid mo popa L. dia athiusc the answer he has received, LU 5999 (TBC). rolēma-su a rád ind athisc, RC xiii 377.4 . in tan ro siacht A. in log in athesc temple, oracle(?), BB 496b25 ( IT ii2 102.22 Alex.). Cf. ra hacallait . . . a n-aithescluic ┐ a n-ídaltigi oracles(?), LL 219b11 ( TTr. 176 ). By metathesis; do chuaid co haithescul Puin `to the fane of Faunus', Aen. 1509 . rochualasam . . . in guth isin aithesgul, 1514 . Cf. ionad aithisg, ML 52.20 . As vn. anad frim aithessc-sa to wait to reply to me, Corm. Y 1059 ( Anecd. iv 93 ).

(b) message, announcement, news: la tasc ind aingil .i. la haithisc, Mon. Tall. 127.12 (§ 1) . ro rāidset a n-athesca they delivered their messages, Sc.M² 2 . a thechtaire . . . co n-athescaib, LU 2025 ( FA 9 ). adfét do a.¤ Medba, 6151 (TBC). is aire-sin ro-comallad in a.¤ . . . is e in t-a.¤-sin therefore was the prophecy fulfilled, PH 3239 . an teachtaire thig do nimh / le haitheasgaibh Dé dhúiligh (i.e. Michael), Dán Dé xiv 26 . do immluad athisc ┐ irlabra frimsa, LL 9040 ( TBC-LL¹ 1720 ). acc iomluaidh aithiscc ┐ coinne etir Ó N. ┐ Ó D. bearing a message, AFM v 1788.17 .

(c) utterance, speech in general: is andsin rocuimnidh Eualac for aithescc Iosopus the saying of I., RC x 184.24 . aitheasg ilchealgach na naithreach nimhe, Desid. 4047 . maircc aithescc ro fhuighill an chomhairle the utterance that suggested that plan(?), AFM vi 2358.13 . ba comarli coir ba hathiusc fagbala ┐ ba buaid airlabra inspired utterance(?), Cog. 70.13 . a.¤ . . . cungeda neich o neoch a greeting with a request behind it, LL 8485 (TBC). co mbuaidh n-innsgni n-aitheisg ┐ n-erlabhra `with the gift of elocution, address and eloquence', AFM vi 1960.3 . ré heasbaidh athaisg deficiency of speech, TSh. 1782 . conid désin is athiusc mbreithri la Gaedelu a saying, Lism. L. 404 . atrubradar fir hErinn d'oenaithiusc fri Eochaid unanimously, IT i 118.12 . do ghluaiseadar d'aon-aitheasc, Maguires of F. 43 . do ráidhsead d'aitheasg éinfhir as one man, DDána 75.26 . d'aitheasg an urchair sin by means of that shot, Oss. iii 132.23 .

COMPD. ¤-loc, see (a) above.

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