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cáe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cáe or dil.ie/7569

 

Forms: caí, coí, cue, cua, caí, coí, cuí, cua, cúadh, cæiti, cæthi

n later also caí, coí. f. g s. cue, cua, Críth G. 237 and v.l. a d s. (in early texts) caí, coí, cuí see infra. Later also cua, ZCP iii 378.13 . g s. cúadh, H 3.18, 649b34 . n p. cæiti, TTebe 1749 , a p. cæthi, 2365 (see Gloss.).

(a) Name of a social institution according to which a member of the noble grades had the right to bring a party with him on a night's coshering visit to each of his servile clients. The number of his party was in direct ratio to the number of his clients. The season of coshering visits was between New Year's Day and Shrovetide, hence phr. aimser chue frequ. glossed geimred. See Binchy, Féil. Mhic Néill 18 ff. and Críth G. p. 81 . dí loairgg direna(i)tar séot mad ráithiu chue (chua, v.l.) leth íarm(o)ithá if it be in the coshering season (i.e. winter), Críth G. 237 . fri lesa fri cui dorōnad (a road), Corm. Y 1082 . iní do berar itir da chae 'na foiridhin .i. itir callainn ┐ init, O'D. 520 ( H 3.17, 423 ). adbeba (arbeba, v.l.) cach a choí (a gcae geimridh, v.l.) .i. epelaid o chach a choe gaimraid .i. a chuaird gemrid for a doercheli .i. for a doérbiatachu each one will lose his coshering season, RC xxvi 38 § 200 and note. co tarta . . . .iiii. sect cumel dō nādnaurthet rath nā cuí, ZCP viii 316.23 . cartad raite . . . .i. i n-aimsir cua . . . .i. an aimsir cuae no aimsir coctha, Laws i 128.7 Comm. denum slige .i. i n-aimsir cua, 158.27 Comm. caithge raite . . . .i. an aimsir cua ┐ aenaigh, iv 144.24 Comm. i n-aimsir chuadh . . . .i. gemred, H 3.18, 649b34 . dámh cháe (compd.) na ngradh filleadh so sios (title of a tract), Ériu xiii 51.27 . In concrete sense of the food provided: creic aige carrnu ina tech curuice forcruid cuad, Laws v 284.y `the purchase of joints of meat for his house up to (= excluding) an excessive amount for a coshering feast i.e. he may purchase sufficient meat to enable him to entertain his lord and party when they come to his house on a coshering party but no more', Féil. Mhic Néill 21 . tinol cua (tinol cue .i. bid, v.l.), Stud. in E. Ir. Law 23.5 `collection of food for a coshering', Féil. Mhic Néill 21 . cai .i. fleadh, H 3.18, 211.18 . cuádh .i. feóil ┐ deismirecht air: muc co n-úir .i. i n-aimsir chúadh, 649b33 . ? taccad .i. tī-cāid . . . .i. ar tī chūad atā, Corm. Y 1250 . cuadh .i. coga[d], ut est ni tard biadh i (a, v.l.) cuad do, O'Dav. 578 ( tharda, Ériu xiii 81 § 281 ). Prob. also digeni ierum cai (cauin, v.l.) (.i. fritailim) in righ, ZCP iii 243.14 . In B. na f.: saoghlonn rosmacht cai (.i. fleadh) na trūagh, ZCP v 486 § 8 . līth do pauper ┐ cai (.i. fled), § 7 . seathnach ētig is tearc cūadh (.i. feoil), 484 § 6 ( cua, iii 378.13 ).

Frequ. in phrase for (ar) coí on a coshering visit : aire désa . . . deich lánamna[i] a chórus for coí (cae, cuí, v.ll.) ó challainn co hinit, Críth G. 335 . trícha lánamna[e] a chórus for coí o challainn co hinit ar is a lín bíata bís lín for coí, 400 `the number on `c.¤' is according to the number of persons paying food-rent', Féil. Mhic Néill 20 . aimsir chūa (chue v.l., Corm. Bodl. 38 ), aimsir chochtae . . . it hē achuis ar a nglanaiter .i. arnā hēilnet a cairpthiu oc dul for cāi that they may not soil their chariots going on a coshering visit (of roads), Corm. Y 1082 . dámha for cáe so síos (title of a tract), Ériu xiii 51.7 . cach aire dis dib .xvi. aire for cui dib, Irish Texts i 19 § 4 . ni uil aireamh daimhe for cae do rigaibh, O'Curry 1853 ( 23 Q 6, 51b ) `there is no limit to a king's suite on a coshering', Féil. Mhic Néill 20 note 5 . for fecht feili, for cai cuir., Auraic. 2221 . ochtur for caei, 2225 . coicer cae, cethrar gnathless, 2238 . Fig. scuchais in fer cerdda ar cāe / . . . / riasin aīgid co rath Dé died(?), Corp. Gen. 317.12 .

(b) way, path (orig. meaning?): cāi .i. conair, Corm. Y 364 . LU 568 (ACC Comm.). conar .i. cen fēr. nó coi en-fir, O'Mulc. 239 . cae .i. conair, Lec. Gl. 223 . cái .i. conair, Metr. Gl. 3.14 . cai no caoi .i. slighe no conair, O'Cl. ar na faghbaidís . . . cai na conair éludha docum in mara, CCath. 1380 . nir lensat cái na conair, Mer. Uil. 207 . 'na rói-rith gidh leonuighthe a céim 'san chaoi, Keat. Poems 119 . for (ar) c.¤ on the road, on a journey: gilidir a chness ra hael / ar óen co tiagmais ar cae may we travel together, LL 6394 ( MS. Mat. 480 ). im Báre im Raibne ro baí / tri .c. allmarach ar caí, 28694 . canmais dord ar ndul ar cae, Manners and Customs iii 378.z . ar cae uar conairi ac techt in turisa `on the course of your way', TTebe 2181 . conrecat for óenchái (enchoi, oenchói, aenchae, v.ll.) together, Fél. June 10 . ni rucfaider ind imirgi se for óenchoí, LU 5395 (TBC). cia beit fir Érenn occa décsin for oenchoí, Airne F. 173 . for óenchoí ind iatha gl. for unce n-etha, LL 24547 ( RC xxvi 28 ).

(c) way, manner, course, means : coí hi fil in tríchoit cét isin tig, ní ermadair nech díb a suidi the way the `t.c.¤' are in the house, BDD² 1375 . cen choe astuda a tét, RC xx 164 § 20 (ACC. Gloss on crot cen cheis), cf. dia mba coi astuda no dia mbo gae ḟostuda, 176 § 41 (ib. Gloss on dia mba goiste). cae da danic chuici int [s]leg, TTebe 3297 . iar cae coir, Laws i 212.20 Comm. ii 214.16 Comm. in cae is coitechta do, iv 128.20 Comm. dorala ... ar cáe (cai, v.l.) meraigthi, TTebe 4650 . a hoenbennach for cai gnáith, LL 16200 ( for coe, Rawl. 77b40 ). ní lánléir aithnim an marbh a caoi dhuine, Hackett² xviii 7 . bail no caoi chneasta do chor ar éin-ní, TSh. 5118 . tiaghair ar chaoi chairdeasa, DDána 97.16 . créd an cháoi . . . arar thriall a ccláoi in what manner? RSClára 142 § 2 . creud é an chaoi no an tordughadh air ar cóir ... do dheunadh?, Donlevy 470.3 . ro chuir ... an cluithche . . . a g-caoi nach raibh ... acht aon bheart `so played the game ... that he had but one move', Oss. iii 144.10 . an tráth nach fúaradar cáoi ar a thabhairt asdeach, Luke v 19 . mo chaoise ó dhá thaoibh nó a trí / re Muire `I can approach Mary on several counts', Aithd. D. 100.9 . ar dtoil do tháth re toil nDé / ... a chaoi (of Christ's teaching), DDána 3.1 . dena mo comurle ... ┐ rod fōire um an caí sin a fuile question, problem (?) (caingin, v.l.), Grail 3190 .

(d) Also expld. in glossaries as house : cāi .i. tech . . unde dicitur cerdcha .i. tech cerda, Corm. Y 365 . cadan . . . .i. cāe a dūn nō a inad .i. adbai, 334 . ulchai .i. cāi (.i. tech) na hōili hī .i. tech, 1284 . ? cuithe ... i. cūa ┐ tē ut dicitur cūad cōi fid .i. fid cūa co cāe fās and, 338 . c.¤ is dáe ... da ainm tighe a mbia daoine, Metr. Gl. 30 § 54 . cai no ca .i. teach.¤ Dearbhadh airsin mar a deirthear creascha ris an teagh ina raibhe Muire oidhche gheine Iosa, O'Cl. sencas .i. sen cae fis na sen, tech fis na sen . . . ┐ deismirecht [ar] an ni is cae tech:— cer[d]chai, muillend etc., Laws i 32.10 Comm. engach sa caoi a mbíd mna (B. na f.) `in a house where women are', ZCP iii 378.10 (' san ca (.i. 'sa teaghd[h]ais), v 483 § 4 ). Cf. airchae, cerdchae, crescae, 2 lusca.

? seana-bho riabhach . . . nachar muchadh a ccae na a slugaire . . . `in bog hole', ITS xxx 16.24 . See Gloss.

1 cú

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 cú or dil.ie/13291
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: chon, coin, choin

n n, m., later also f. See GOI §§ 328 , 74 , 89 , 203 . With lenition of closely following wd. ( c.¤ ches, LU 8336 , cf. Cú Chulainn, passim), § 232 . For gender cf. g s. in chon , Mer. Uil.² 267 . n p. na coin , Anecd. i 9.21 (so also SCano 287 ). in choin , Bodl. Dinds. 32 . With masc. pron.: smacht ar choin gan eill ní heidir / a thoil féin dá léigir lais, Dán Dé xix 8 . c.¤ m. (and f., v.l.), IGT Decl. § 21 .

(a) dog, hound : c.¤ goirt elscothach, Lat. Lives § 64 (69.2) = avidus canis, Vita Br. 10 . do conaibh gortaibh, Blathm. 107 . co rāssa in cū, TBC-I¹ 539 . ba samalta ri gláim con allmaraig, MU² 611 . D. ┐ D. . . . dā choin M. Fothartaig, Fing. R. 59 . ri iarthair Laigen, ┐ a ben . . . ┐ a chu do marbad i n-aen uair, AU i 570.4 . cia ris fa fearr do crudh c.¤ who loved a hound better? AFM ii 898.20 . da folaib con ┐ catt ┐ druad (sc. noxious liquid for spearheads), MU² 732 . .iii. bliadna don gurt. trí saeguil in guirt don coin (dog's life-span), Lism. L. xli 7 . coin a tuil a leanmhain día sleghaibh (sic leg.) `their hounds asleep, fastened to their spears', Cóir Anm. 70 (322.15) . dá maer a chon masters of hounds (in enumeration of Finn's household), SG 93.14 . c.¤ bhus oirrdhearca n-iomráidh (in praise of Mag Uidhir's dog), DDána 112.1 . lēcad chon re fīed (an unprofitable act), MacCongl. 125.18 . fágbhaim fútha an ch.¤ sa cluithe `the hound and sport' (i.e. `the whole business', note 2), Ó Bruad. ii 196.4 . In name of plant: blas na gcaor gcon, Dánfhocail 74 (`dog-berry', Gloss.). In more general sense: a ndul a ndealbaib ceithri con . . . a ndeilb madaid, RC xxiv 174.6 .

(b) c.¤ (allaid) wolf : cu'allaid gl. lupus, Ir. Gl. 417 . isait coin altai in degboin, Vita Br. 27 . lúatha coin dod-repnadar, BDD² 1515 ` wolves ' ( BDD 166 ). os hé conrethed laa cona (of the child Cormac, carried off by a wolf), ZCP viii 311.1 . amal mucca eter conaib, LU 4442 . cúana mára cucu (na hoegaire) do chonaib alta, LL 36599 . atchīatt na conu cucu 'na rith, BColm. 54.3 ; fáolchonu, 5 . co[i]n allta, 12 . c.¤ allaid, CF² 1159 . na coin alta ┐ na sinnaig, O'D. 1686 ( H 5.15, 29 col. 2 ). nuall-ghul . . . amhail chona allta, TSh. 5857 . Name of plant: atriplex .i. cu allaid `orach' (Gloss.), ACL i 335 § 86 .

(c) With other defining wds: mo ch.¤ coiméta `guardian hound', Cóir Anm. 214 . coin fhodhairne .i. dobharchoin, no madaidh uisge, O'Cl. See fodorne. c.¤ lechtig, see ? lechtig. c.¤ lomna, Fraech 330 . c.¤ neimhe fierce hound (the smith's hound in Táin), Ir. Syll. Poetry 59 § 4 . ō mud na con tairisi .i. na con tighi `of faithful dogs (i.e. of domestic dogs'), BColm. 82.z - 84.1 . c.¤ ruadh .i. seannach ` fox ', P. O'C. c.¤ ruad Droma meic Dáir, SG 56.21 `wolf'. cū otraigh 'a yard (lit. dung-hill) dog', Celtica xxv 151 ​​. See 1 árach, 1 lorg, loman, and sodach.

(d) Fig. Usu. laudatory of persons, etc.: flaith in chon bic (i.e. Congalach, a king), ZCP xii 236 § 55.3 . c.¤ congbhála cáich `maintaining hound' (Conn), ML 86.5 . c.¤ fiadhaigh fhola hAdhaimh (of Mary's glory), Aithd. D. 87.2 . In unfavourable sense: I. h. Flannchada, cu na naemh ┐ na firen (`persecutor', note), AU i 570.7 - 10 .

Very frequ. in nn. pr. notably in name C.¤ Chulainn. See Contribb. 539 , Corp. Gen. Index 572 f. Mac Con, ZCP viii 312.9 . mo Ch. cháem chain (sc. C.¤ Chulainn), TBC-LL² 426 . in C.¤ Chulaind . . . no bíd ar Maig . . . Murthemne . . . Mássa C.¤ fil and, LU 9312 - 16 . eter Conall Cernach ┐ Coin Culaind, LU 8781 ( FB 58 ). C.¤ na Cerda `Hound of the Smith' (C.¤ Chulainn), TBC-LL² 434 . ó Choin cherda Conchobair, LU 3573 ( SCC 29 ). O Coin Allta `grandson of C.¤ Allaid', RC xviii 271.18 . Blatmhac mac conbreatan maic conngosa (in title), Blathm. p. 2 . do Coin-bretan . . . Cu-bretan mac C., RC xxiv 48.3 , 4 . C.¤ corb, Cóir Anm. 191 . C.¤ cen mháthair, 48 . Clann Con-Coingelt (genealogical heading), Corp. Gen. 292.24 . Cúduiligh (name of a coarb of Máedóc Ferna's), BNnÉ 287 § 274 . drai derg donnbuidhe / curaí ín rindmuighe, IT iii 94 § 144 . Cū Rūi, Bruchst. 26 § 58 . lecht Con-rúi i Sléib Mis, RC xxiii 306 § 10 . hi crolecht Caunrai (rhet.), ZCP viii 565.10 .

(Prov.) doringnis C.¤ ┐ Cethen dím .i. c.¤ thanic i tech Cormaic . . . co ro marb Cethen . . . ┐ co romarbad in c.¤ fochetóir, LL 161b marg. sup.

Metr.: c.¤ mara, fault to be avoided by poets, consists in lack of a second internal rhyme in second couplet. Named from the ex.: ni cainfidhear Cu Mara / da fagha bu du-bera, IGT Metr. Faults§ 9 . Exemption is given in some metres. da aisdi ina tabar sairsi do Choin mara no tri no .i. leith-dechnaidh . . . ┐ dian oireng ┐ deachnaidh breacht, § 75 . sairsi dhisi sa leithdeachnaidh, amail ata ni doigh Daire ag roind a tire / re cloinn Creidhe (the lack of an internal rhyme with Daire is permitted because of the shortness of the line). Ata comardudh re `roind' . . . gurab uime sin do-berar sairsi do Choin mhara isin aisde sin, § 76 . §§ 77-8 .

(e) In extended application creature, insect, parasite (us. with defining word): cú cnámha .i. snasán, O'Cl. ` vermin, louse ', Contribb. 540 . See cnám, loscann . c.¤ cherchailli .i. findoi facabar a fés na hóili , Harl. 5280, 41a , Contribb. 540 . moth, bed-bug (?), see c.¤ finda s.v. ca(u)nna. c.¤ ḟiaclach, see O'Curry 1886 - 7 (of person, the c.¤ glas) under (f) below.

(f) Legal. cu na tri ngnimh, O'D. 2449 ( Rawl. 506, f. 61 p. 1 col. 1 ) `a dog that can track and seize, and can defend against attack', Plummer MS notes. im choin for a mbi ottrach `hound of the dung hill' (watchdog), Laws i 126.8 .i. cu sechtair doiris, 144.7 Comm. na dobrana amhail na cona cennta, O'D. 1686 ( H 5.15, p. 29 col. 2 ). da cet do cach crudh aici (in briughadh leithech) cinmotha coin ┐ cata, Laws i 46.24 Comm. tri coin fogail fomnaither and three dogs are checked in trespass, iii 414.23 . caithe con `trespasses of hounds', iv 122.4 Comm. muilliud con `setting on a dog', iii 518.20 . ni cuirter coin congail[e] fair `no dogs are set fighting in his (the invalid's) presence', BCrólige 61 . aithne con do sedhguinecht, Laws v 190.18 . oin con fri tofund `the loan of a hound to hunt with', 278.5 . in cu confaid `mad dog', iii 272.20 Comm. in cu cedcintach (of liability in cases of dog's first bite), 522.16 Comm. `c. glas' (derogatory term BBCS xxiv 116 ) of person without legal status except through his wife, hence one whose children become in effect members of their mother's `fine', their father as an outsider having no `fine', stranger, castaway (?), see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 132 , 183 , 197 : cu-glas (.i. in ti amail coin imfaenledaigi gabar tar glas na fairgi, in murcurthe, na fuil ac tigerna airithe, 19 Comm. ), direnar side a inchaib a mna, ┐ is si iccas a cinta, Laws v 516.7 . cu glas (.i. deorud loingsig, Comm.) di-renar side a inch(a)uib a mna, etc. c.g. i.e. a proscribed foreigner (Thurn.), Ir. Recht 64 § 4 . ni aile maithre cuit i maccaib — acht mac con glais (.i. ín muircairthi, Comm.) no mac ambui, 31 § 33 . fiacail conglas . . . .i. in cu fiaclach gabair tar glas na fairge, O'Curry 1886 - 7 ( 23 Q 6, 22 aa ). Cf. Mac con glaisi, O'Dav. 418 `son of the gray wolf' (or of the female stranger or n. pr. f. ?).

Compds. oi-ba . . . coinba, echba, duineba murrain of dogs, ZCP iii 245.y . conbadh inna con, AU i 246.2 . conbóchail gl. Hylax, Thes. ii 47.25 . im conbuachaill (sic leg.) cacha cethra `watch-dog', Laws i 126.8 . rucus slān cinad conbuachalla, ZCP xv 331 § 22 (Caratnia) `das Vergehen des Hirtenhunds'. Fothad coincheann dog-headed , Corp. Gen. 103.14 . concro gl. decipula, Ir. Gl. 261 . hi con-chrú `amid the blood of dogs', Metr. Dinds. iii 392.z . Fear glas fri concuru, BB 369a18 , SG ii 496.31 `handling of hounds' = fri concairecht, Dinds. 35 . a coindobrain `his otters', Hy Maine 90.z . confæl conrechta .i. ben conrechta .i. inti risa cartanach dol asa eol a richtaib con amail atait i coinerca (Í Chon Erca, Ed.), BCrólige 32 and n. conoel (leg. conḟoel .i. ben tet a conrecht, O'Mulc. 269 . O'Curry 95 = fáelchú 'wolf' CMCS xliv 64 n. 105 ) ( H 3.18, 67 ). in cetramod plag .i. cinomi ┐ scinifi ┐ confiaclaca conda i cricaib . . . Egept biters (flies, midges ) = muscae ( Exodus viii 22 , 24), BB 240a46 . Cf. na cuili conda mus-luaiditis dar béolu ┐ tar gruaithe dóib, Celtica iv 24.326 - 7 . coinḟiadh (sinnach, v.l., notes) dá lí ar tí a hén fox , Acall. 846 . ? mar da chuala in cughaire / noco cluinfea in damgair, IT iii 89 § 112 . Murphy Metrics 60 § 85 (`hound-cry', Gloss.). ¤glecc, see coinglecc. co n-gabdáis cointéill ┐ echlusca duit `lash thee with dog-straps, etc. ', MacCongl. 107.1 . coneill (a s.) dog-leash , Acall. 3208 . de genere CorchuChonlúain, Thes. ii 265.9 ( Ardm. 11b ). ga chonmhaoraibh `gillies', Aithd. D. 20.5 . conmaor `intendant de chiens', Études Celt. xii 532 . a conmír gl. offam, Sg. 103b1 . Ir. Gl. 276 . ferr cara inā conmīr (prov.), ZCP vi 260.22 `a ham is better than a morsel for a dog' (?), RC xlv 88 § 5 . See s. 2 cara. conogam .i. archu, etc., Auraic. 5740 . tiagait iat i conrechtaib `in the form of wolves' (of Síl in Faelchon in Ossory), Todd Nenn. 204.2 , cf. ¤ḟáel supra. (in n. loc.) Glenn na conricht, Acall. 7716 . deisidh for a chon-righthibh hi fiadhnuse na heillte `on his (a wolf's) paws', BNnÉ 29 § 34 . tar a conumbur (sic leg.) `dog-trough', Laws ii 118.16 Comm.

See 1 cana, coinchenn, coinḟíad, 4 con, conchar.

óil, (oíl)

Cite this: eDIL s.v. óil, (oíl) or dil.ie/33653

 

Forms: ól, oal, óil, óile, hoili, óil, óli, óol, oíl, aoil, áeil

n f. earlier n s. ól = O.Ir. oal, óil being strictly d s. g s. óile. na hoili , Corm. Y 1284. n du. da óil , LL 166a13 . n p. óli, LL 104a2 ( TBC-LL¹ 6148 ), LL 237a49 . g p. óol, Metr. Dinds. iv 224.2 . Later pronounced oíl; aoil `the mouth, the cheeks', O'R. ? áeil f. IGT Dec. § 14.10 .

The cheek, esp. the part near the mouth. áil (? aíl), gl. bucca, Ir. Gl. 91. leth-ail, gl. māla, 90 . dona hóilib, gl. buccis, Gild. Lor. 115 (distinguished from `gruad' = gena, 114 ). srengais in n-ól don fidba chnáma, TBC-LL¹ 2606 , cf. TBC-LL¹ 1943 ( = in aoil, St.). sruth lomma for in dara n-oil dō ┐ sruth folae forsinn oil ailiu, Cáin Ad. § 7. ell n-ailgen issindara hoil dó, cubur fola . . . issind óil aile, LL 267b9 ( MU 26.32 ). con- sáife cách a óil fria cheile oc sain-ól ┐ oc sain-ithe (sign of selfish greed), RC xxvi 44.3 (ooil, oil v.l.). rige óile distention of the cheek (a practice of the `crossán'), Triads 116 ( .i. pluice ag síneadh a beóil, p. 39 ). fiacail . . . fecad na hóile iad, Corm. Y 613 . óil re hóil cheek by jowl (at close quarters), ZCP x 32.27 . aghaid . . . co cuirri gruaide, co tuilli oile, co luimi lecon `with hollow jowls', CCath. 4023. bad mora a óile .i. a dí leacain, Cóir Anm. 4. Of animals: ra bulgsetar a n-óli ┐ a sróna (of bulls), TBC-LL¹ 6148. risna cethaib cubair consnigtis re hoílib na heachraidi, TTebe 2341 , cf. 3066 ( = hoiblibh, oibhlibh, Eg.). im oilib ┐ im smeich an eoin, RC x 74.21 .

The follg. exx. from Laws Comm. are referred in the Glos- sary to this word: Sencha mac Ailella . . . .i. mac in fir ro soed nech o oil no o caingin clain, Laws i 154.33 ; `who turned men from blemished or false covenants', O'Don.; `who turned (per- suaded) everybody by his mouth (eloquence)', Atkinson (the word is an etym. gloss on the first syll. of Ailill and seems = ail `disgrace, reproach'). fria fealmac .i. fria hoilmac .i. frisin mac da tabair a fhoglaim o oil `to whom he communicates his learning by word of mouth' (?), ii 348.17 (cf. 4 oil). mac rindile .i. mac in ti rindes neach o oil, in cainti `who scarifies a person with his tongue', v 204.10 , cf. tech rindile .i. tech in ti aeras o oil, 268.7 ; if these two exx. represent óil, the meaning must be: who scarifies (satirizes) by the cheek, i.e. by raising blisters on his victim's cheek, cf. óil-tend below.

Compd. ? óil-tend: altan .i. ailteind mad dia tecma cheek- cutting, if it so chance, Corm. Y 68. in t-aeil-thenn . . . ro [s]reng canar [Caiar v.l., sic leg.] a Cruachnaibh the cheek- scarifying (i.e. satirizing) which dragged C. out of Cruachu (?), Anecd. ii 66.7 . (allusion to the story of Caier and Néde, Corm. Y 698 ).

ulcha

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ulcha or dil.ie/43105
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: ulch, ulchain

n f. beard (see the verses entitled `geisi ulcai' RIA MSS. Ser. i 190 , YBL 196b32 , but in Laws iii 354.8 , where it is rendered ` whiskers ' it seems to have a different meaning from fésóc): ulchai .i. cai (.i. tech) na hoili hí .i. tech, Corm. Y 1284 . ulcha .i. fésóg, O'Cl.; P. O'C. Cormac Ulḟada .i. ulchai ḟadai lais, Cóir Anm. 113 = ulcha ḟada .i. féasóg ḟada do bhí air, Keat. ii 4631 . greann .i. ulcha, Lec. Gl. 519 . n s. ulch, IGT, Decl. § 8 . asbertatár ... fri Coin Culaind dognithe a cutbiud isin dúnud úair nad baí ulcha laiss, LU 6127 ( TBC-I¹ 1640 ). ulcha degablach issí buide úrchass bha smech, TBC-LL¹ 5175 (= u.¤ degablanach ... occa, TBC-I¹ 3149 . ulcha éicsi imchass imma smech, TBC-LL¹ 5186 . Cf. 5207 . ulcha úrchas imlebur is í lethan lanmór co mbenad rí imlind ár n-ichtur, LL 237b11 ( TTr. 1528 ). ulcha degablach dondchiar fair, LL 266ay ( MU 30 ). ulcha dobrach , Corm. Y 496 . ulcha immlebur fair, PH 1490 . Cf. 1967 ; 7026 . ulcha fhota lais, 2103 . Cf. 3093 . co roibi a ulchu ┐ a folt ar lasad, Aen. 3006 . ulcha fors in mbannscáil, ┐ in ferscál cen ulchain, FDG 144 ( MR 20.10 ). ceithirn dian toich ulchai `who are entitled to a beard,' RIA MSS. Ser. i 190.5 ( YBL 196b34 ). a s. tall tra Patraicc a ulchai do Fiac, Hy. ii pref. ( Thes. ii 308 ). fil a ulcha léith im laimh, AFM i 260.10 . taisbenais in ulcha sin doib uile, TBC-LL¹ 2278 . cor chroith a ulcha ar in slog, | in garb-ḟer, Metr. Dinds. iii 464.63 ( rochroith a ulcha ┐ robean a deda, Dinds. 80 ). ni hétar forsin trénfer comrac frim cen ulchi, LU 5759 . find uile in fer sain eter ḟolt ┐ rosc ┐ ulcha, TBC-LL¹ 5348 . ni miedh ... liom moethmaccoemh og gan ulchain gan ḟésoig d'ionnsaige, 2264 . folt cen ulchai ar in ḟir-naem (i.e. St. John the Beloved), Ériu iii 194 § 6 . folt cass cen ulchai etir, 196 § 10 . ro thocuib Senchán a ulchain a n-airdi, Tromd. Guaire 994 . dorad Coroneus ... bem do' thinni for lasadh for a ulchain do Ebus, Aen. 3005 . g s. con eigius duib geisi ulchai | in cach inbaid, YBL 196b32 ( RIA MSS. Ser. i 190 ). na fir midba cethra bliadhna déc, fichtighi, trichtaighe, no cuaird uilche aos na fer midba, O'D. 1952 ( Add. 4783 f. 7d , cf. ulc(h)ach and ulchaige). amail thaidbsin ulchan druidhechta, TBC-LL¹ p. 309 n. 5 . finnfadh a chinn ┐ a ulchan, Fl. Earls 230.27 . d s. don ulchain (gl. barbae) `to the beard,' Gild. Lor. 111 . ` greann' ainm d'ulchain, Metr. Gl. 40 . tuingim ... gur fhoibres do gabail ar [h']ulcain ┐ fhiacla do crothadh a t'ucht,' ZCP vi 93.32 . fa hulchain an imbertaigh | go hurdail an echmarcaigh, IGT, Decl. ex. 295 . is fer gan fhios im ulchainse, SG 249x . insan ulchai , YBL 196b47 ( RIA MSS. Ser. i 192 ). n p. co ro asat a n-ulchada, Rawl. 79a20 . ulchadha liatha leó, Cóir Anm. 245 . g p. adbal ead a n-ulcan-sum `great is the length of their beards,' MR 184z . Of wattles (?) on a bird: a ulcha gaillín detbudánaig cúarlúpánaig, EIS 148 § 4 .

Ulcha smérthain (v.l. smertha) a false beard fastened on to the face: ba hassu dó ulcha smérthain do dénam leiss, LU 6128 . ulcha smeartha .i. feasog bhreige do ghabhail fair, TBC-LL¹ p. 309 note 4 . do cuir ieramh Cúculainn ulcha smertha fair, TBC-LL¹ 2277 (bogni Cc. ulcha smearthain fair, v.l.). commail uilchi smerthain dam-sa latt, LU 5757 .

In phr.: for ul treith .i. ulchi fri ulchi frisin rig, Rawl. 109b24 ( RC xxvi 29 n. 1 ).

Metaph.: oglaech bís a n-ulcha náim `a layman that is ever `in a saint's beard' (i.e. `that defies, obstructs, annoys him'), O'Gr. Cat. 329.27 . tar ulcha Fleisge finne | tar colbha na Cochruinne `over the brink (?),' Duan. F. i 28z (= co hinber Flesci finni, LL 206b39 , RC vii 294 ).

Cf. brén-ulcha s.v. brén: buide bren-ulcha buíc, BB 296a5 . cass-ulcha: cas-ulcha ... fair, BB 14b6 . is amlaid rogenair co trilis fot da lám fair ┐ co cass-ulcha, LL 319b7 . leth-ulcha: rober[r]tha a leth-u[l]chi, SR 6720 (dimidiam partem barbae 2 Reg. x 4 ).

In n. pr.: Ulchu Derg Hua Caillaidhe, ..., CS 106.13 = Ulcha derg O Caellaighe, Tig. ( RC xvii 206 ).