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7 a

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 7 a or dil.ie/8
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: a, a, a, a, a, a, a, á, as, as, assin, asind, as, as, as, as, as, ast, assa, asa, asar, as, assa, asa, asum, essiut, ass, as, es, essi, esse, eissi, esti, eisti, este, aiste, essib, eissib, esib, estib, eistib, asta, asa

prep. with dat., geminating out of, from . In O.Ir. glosses frequ. á (see Celtica ii 239 - 40 ). See GOI § 834 . The usual form before nouns is a: a corin[tib], Wb. 7c18 . a ppecad, 3b3 . a persin, 4c23 . a rrath, 12a7 . a rrangabáil, Sg. 196b5 . a llatin, Ml. 3a15 . a mmedón, Tur. 72 . á óensonaib, Wb. 12a10 . In later lang. also as(s): as talomh, Fl. Earls 112.29 . as Éirinn, Rel. Celt. ii 182.13 (see Desid. xxxiv ). Before proclitics as(s). With article: assin folud, Wb. 9c10 . asind óinrainn, Sg. 197a17 . as tír, BDD² 435 . as tig, 544 . Note also: as cech ṡét, Thes. ii 320.3 .

With poss. adj. 1 s. as mo chuimriug, Wb. 23b7 . 2 s. as do, Sc.M² 11 . ast, 12 . 3 s. assa, Wb. 2c7 . 20d13 . asa, 25d16 . 1 pl. asar, Wb. 15c24 . 2 pl. as for, LU 8551 (H) ( FB 41 ). 3 pl. assa, MU² 276 . asa, 390 .

With suffixed pron. 1 s. asum, ZCP vi 285.8 . 2 s. essiut, RC xiv 188.z . 3 s. m. and n. ass, Wb. 29b15 . as, Ml. 36c20 . es, RC xxv 346 § 2 . 3 s. f. essi, Ml. 85c14 . esse, 113d2 , 131c14 . eissi, Sg. 196b2 . esti, PH 197 . eisti, BDD² 1405 . este, ZCP vi 81.4 . aiste, TSh. 4477 . 3 pl. essib, Wb. 12a10 , b23 . Ml. 87b18 . eissib, Sg. 190a1 . esib, 51b11 . estib, PH 2878 . eistib, ML² 1478 . asta, TSh. 2791 .

With rel. as(s)a n-: asatoróimed, Wb. 11a19 . See GOI § 834 , IGT Introd. § 100 (25.12) .

I Expressing motion, out of, from: oc techiud a rroí, Críth G. 539 . co rróimid topar husci ass, Trip.² 93 . fuil totmad (leg. totma(e)?) a crann a wound sustained in falling from a tree, Laws v 362.z . in ti bis for imrama a inad d'inad from place to place, Laws iv 36.12 Comm. coillti an talman do thuitim as a premaibh will be uprooted, RC xxviii 312 § 9 . luid fer a cath, BColm. 94.15 . facbuid-si asin tir-si leave this land, RC xiv 56 § 69 . na fuirighedh a Temraig ach imthiged asti co hobann, Ériu iii 170 § 29 . co cuala géim bó ic tiachtain al-loch Ṡithgail `out of Loch S.', Dinds. 155 ( RC xvi 270 ). rosái assen dia thigh, RC xviii 184.28 . atracht focétóir in marb a bás, RC ii 390 z . no ássad bolgg corcra assa etun a purple blister would grow out of his forehead, Ériu iv 32.3 . With impers. vb. ní thig asta `they do not shrink' (of shoes), O'Rah. xviii 24 . Without accompanying verb: do rigne Dia firt . . . .i. in topur husci asin talmain, Trip.² 96 . cúiseach bind asa bēalaibh sweet piping from her lips, Ériu iv 174. § 8 . asa tuaisciurt inda deiscert `(to go) from the North (of it) to the south (of it)', Mon. Tall. 133. 22 (§ 17) . do chuir se iarraidh ar thigerna A. . . . as Eirinn chuige `sent to the laird of A. to come to him from Ireland', Rel. Celt. ii 182.13 .

In complement of object of transitive verbs: with various transitive verbs (see also under several vbs.): tóbe uitiorum assa anmin `the cutting of vice out of his soul', Wb. 2c7 . aní asatorbatha `that out of which they have been cut', 5b39 . . . . benus do ṡūil as do chinn, ACL iii 308, z . ni béram ass gl. nec aufferre quid possimus ( 1 Timothy vi 7 ), Wb. 29b15 . dobert . . . dí báe déc . . . assint shíd, TBFr. 6 . an ghairbhiachtach . . . chuirid asta which they emit, TSh. 6705 . tarslaic Petrum a slabreid released Thes. ii 304.1 (Hy. i). is as do leigi iat (of shots), as a ninat . . ., Laws iv 226.17 . atdobrarbadse a tír Hérenn you have been banished from Ireland, BDD² 416 . ar ndichur a nGall esib, Ann. Conn. 1338.4 . hoc a tafonn (ac a cur v.l.) asa gort driving it out of his field, ACL iii 2.8 . gabais . . . daur . . . assa frēnaib, Sc.M² 18 . dasrenga ais `drew it out', Mon. Tall. 150.29 (§ 61). is cían rosraeined amach / Iudaich a crīch Rōmānach, ZCP viii 115.17 . dá sraoilleadh . . . as a chéile, TSh. 5696 . di loscud a thige . . . di gait as—a leth di gait ind for stealing from it . . . for bringing stolen property into it, Críth G. 123 . tonindnaig . . . leithi in chon dó assa laim chlí gives him . . . with her left hand, RC iii 177.5 . adetha C. assa láim, 6 . do urail S. a cengal as scotaib ceathra sdet `ordered him to be bound to the tails of 4 steeds', ITS xix 100.7 . gairfidh Íosa uair nó dó / as an talmhain a dteasdó, Dán Dé xiv 9 .

Common in 3 s. n. as adv. with verbs of going, etc. tíagait ass na teachta-sin depart, Sc.M² 4 R . documlát ass do Chrúachnaib, TBFr. 42 . amal ossa is amlaid rorathatar ass they ran like deer, Ériu iii 141.208 . imsái as in mac the boy turns away, Ériu i 116 § 5 . Hence with verbs of going, etc. escapes: 'san domnach dodechaid ass / a broinn in bledhmil Ionas, Ériu iii 144 § 14 . bualadh Tairrdelbaig . . . acht cena terno som ass, RC xviii 35.27 . ní dechaidh as gan gabāil nō gan marbadh acht Sir Gyi . . ., ZCP vi 72.12 . creid nách fhuil dul as ar domhan agad ót olc shíordhuidhe, Mac Aingil 1857 . Related meanings. Dies, comes to an end: dia ndech nech dībh as `departs' (this life), Marco P. 140 . din ló dochúaid Cerball ass, RC xx. 12 § 20 . ni ragha in la-su ass `this day will not go by', CCath. 3573 . na heirig ass co madain / do deacraib rig in richid (sic leg., ed.) do not cease till morning from (recounting) the wonders of the king of heaven, Ériu v 26.22 . co n-erlai [int archaingel] a rrecht ind ríg `forsook the law', Ériu ii 108 § 22 . With other verbs in idiomatic phrases: not-ber as dom' inchaib get thee out of my sight, ZCP i 105.1 . beir as tú `escape' Keat. iii 3246 . tucsat as in oidhchi-sin co himsnímach spent that night, Fianaig. 52.17 . a bheatha do thabhairt as go measardha to lead a life of moderation, TSh. 268 . ruccsatt ass amhlaidh sin ifoimhdin aroile they continued, Hugh Roe 288.17 (fo. 76a) . ni rug og na sen a comfad-so as damh riam gan toitim lium `held out against me', ZCP vi 101.7 . cuir ass na dorchu tuccais expel the darkness thou hast brought, Anecd. iii 35.17 . ata si arna cur as anois `it is now destroyed' (of a city), Maund. 43 . a lecan as, he was set free, RC xviii 283.15 . leicem as ar n-imram let us give up, RC xxvi. 136 § 9 . leig as 'athair cease, father, Ériu iv. 51 § 7 . do lēic ech in rīgh ar a glūinibh hī . . . ┐ nīr fēdadh as hī she could not be got out of that position, ZCP xiii 182.31 . Without accompanying vb. (freq. as ipv.) ass, a duine, ar éat `get out, O man!' (be off), Fél. 184.6 . as tír duit get thee out of the land, RC xxv 24.6 . as as bhar Fraoch get hence, get hence, said F. ML 124.13 . asa sin doibh, Rel. Celt. ii 178.3 . aisidhe dhó co Tulaig na C. thence he went, ZCP xiv 259.8 . In phrase: ní has dó there is no escape for him, he has no chance of escape (see O'Rahilly, Celtica i 348 ): ma commhor th'eucht led bhriathruibh, ni has dhamhsa if your deeds are on a par with your words there is no escape for me, Luc. Fid. 344.12 . ni has dh'aoinneach aguibh there is no escape for any of you, 284.15 . nach bu has dh'iachtaranuibh no dh'uachtaranuibh, 260.22 . ní has d'Éirinn eatorra between them Ireland has no escape, DDána 92.7 . In phr. as ┐ ind: do ḟeitheam a long . . . as ┐ ind `to watch his vessels (going) out and (coming) in', Dinds. 135 ( RC xvi 142.6 ). cloictheach . . . ┐ eoin duba . . . ind ┐ as `passing into and out of it', RC xvii 394.y .

II Expressing origin, source.

(a) from, originating in: a grec anísiu `from the Greek' Sg. 148b14 . assin tein atgládastar `out of the fire he addressed him', Thes. ii 318.4 (Hy. ii). ba hingnád aisec asind inut sin (.i. a détaib in chon allaid), Trip.² 148 . in port asa n-accai Patraic inna naimtiu, 1500 . bá foderc dó . . . assa imduí, LU 8219 ( FB § 16 ). nír faei i tig as mbi eggna suillsi tenead, BDD² 175 . is hí ro hic súil ind ríg / a topor Locha Dá líg, IT i 131.29 . is a Hérind anair, MU² 513 . secht mile as so `seven miles from here', ZCP vi 295.7 . co fesamar can as tucad till we know whence it was brought, Ériu i 46.10 . ni fes can as tánic `whence it came', RC xviii 302.7 . a tírib hIndía do, PH 820 . niamh ḟíona a hór (drunk) from a gold goblet, DDána 119.25 . from (of a number out of a group): mart as gach creich, muc as gach crú, caora as gach trét, BNnÉ 265 § 230 . sé ar fichit a Huib Neill `six and twenty of the Húi Néill', RC xxiv 202. 14 . Of the ground of proof from: is follus as for ng[n]imaib ni dligthi comardad fris etir, LU 8551 ( FB 41 ). follus asna scélaib-so Colmáin it is clear from these stories about Colman, BColm. 102, 12 . is esti demniges, PH 2185 . créad is iontuigthe as sin, TSh. 161 .

With various vbs.: nī contesba banne ass `not a drop was wanting therefrom', Thes. ii 348.3 (Hy. v). a tír asa tairidnither `from the land out of which (the water) is drawn', Ériu xvii 68 § 8 . cid asa fordailtea grád túa[i]the? what is the basis of the different grades of the `túath'? Críth G. 6 . rí rodelb eisse cach ṅduil, SR 25 . asnabbrad hi sennathib `whence it was said', Fianaig. 30.13 . rofiarfaigh dib crēd asa fuaradar an cís aingid sin, RC x 185.y . gach ainm eile . . . nach sloinntear as tarbh, Maguires of F. 45 .

(b) Hence introducing the instrument or cause of an action, etc. by, with, because or by reason of: a faill do denam for being neglectful, Laws iv 50.10 . ro bendach Pátraic asa díb lámaib in Machai with his hands, Trip.² 2799 . asa réir budesin of his own accord, Ériu i 219 § 7 . as mothoil féin `of my own will', RC xiii 272.6 . nach maith dogni duine asa chorp isin domun any good thing a man does with his body, Ériu vii 172.y . Cluain maic Nois d'argain . . . a comairle Muirchertaig, on M.'s advice, RC xviii 30.25 . is a radurc atconnairc Ith . . . Slébe Irruis deiscirt, Ériu iv 142.16 . roslen Nél assa lurg, by means of his track, Metr. Dinds. iii 404.13 . cia mod as a mbrisend recht in what way, PH 2588 . do-rinne an tshoil cumhachda gáoidhilgi ortha as ar cóir do chomhardadh íad by reason of which, IGT Introd. 11.16 . lot mh'anma a silleadh na súl / do rinneadh, Dán Dé ix 4 . a caingean Dé do diúltadh, IGT Decl. ex. 1355 . mellaid mōr duini asa dath / gid buidi in t-ōr is otrach, ACL iii 238 § 16 . Note also: ragat gussin Rōimh as go ffuilēngat croch ┐ cēssadh, Fl. Earls 206.25 ; whereby they will suffer Celtica ix 117-18 . Cf. 8.18 , 170.8 . With créd: créd dorinne sí asa rabhus di marsin what she had done that they were treating her thus, Ériu v 168.82 . créad as nach adhradh . . . na dée mar chách why, Keat. ii 5393 . With adv. as: is as tugadh Nár air this is why he was called N., 3645 .

(c) Introducing the name of a language: ainm an inaidh sin . . . a Gaeidheilcc in Irish, Maund. 57 . laphruiss . . . assin bérla glan ghrécach in the pure Grecian tongue, Anecd. i 34.70 . berla na filed asa n-acaillit cach dib aroile wherein they all address each other, Auraic. 200 .

III Miscellaneous uses.

(a) In sense of attached to, compos- ed of, in etc. : amal bīs tuir már oc fulang tige ┐ illāma esti, Corm. Y 1224 . ro-lēcis gaī form-sa co-rrabae as mo scíath `so that it stuck in my shield', Sc.M² 11 . cipe [no beth] démnach asa mér no asa brága whoever was possessed by a demon in his finger or in his throat, RC ii 400 § 40 . a edach delradach . . . imi, as a ndenad idbarta do Baich `in which he was wont to offer sacrifices', TTebe 2842 . gu bhfaiceabh asin coluinn-si Dia, ITS xix 92.6 . Cf. rí sithamail asa flaithes in respect of, Rawl. B 512 fo. 69d .

(b) After vbs. expressing recognition, etc. : atgénammár asa samail in fer sin, LU 6805 ( FB 46 ). cinnas do aith[g]ēnmais in degmnái . . . asa deilb ┐ asa costud, a tlás, a fos, a féile, ZCP viii 112.22 . misi do aimsigh Eabha / as a basuibh bairrgheala / 's as a derc ramhoill raglais, Ériu iv. 112.26 - 27 . ad-mestar asa toirthib talmain, ZCP xi 94 § 33 . ? a samlaib én n-etarlúamain, LU 8628 ( FB 47 ) (rhet.).

(c) After vbs. of bathing, washing: do-dheochaid co mbricht neimhe lé do Frāech corusfothraic ás . . . a arma he bathed his weapons in it, ZCP xiii 175.6 . doluid Cuchulaind dia bualad asna huscibsin, TBC-I¹ 2742 . nocho raibi husce ocai asa ndénad in bathis, Trip.² 91 . ro tinsain usce . . . conid as ronig a derc with it he washed his eye, Dinds. 64 ( RC xv 462 ). usce asa negar Grip, ZCP iii 214.14 . roghonais mo dhalta / rodergais as t'fhogha thou hast reddened thy spear in his blood, BS 12.14 .

(d) After vbs. of paying, exchanging, etc. dobertha a chutroma d'or ┐ d'argat ass, Hugh Roe 220.3 (fo. 58b) . diass as in cethramuin ┐ da bho as an bfer nach fuighthi dibh .i. bó as in duine ┐ bo as in éidegh, L. Chl. S. 31 . tainic Ciaran dá fhuascladh, ┐ tucc moran oir ┐ argait ass in return for him, BNnÉ 117.27 . dober braighi maith duit asum fein `I will bring thee a good hostage for myself', ZCP vi 70.15 . dlighe do dhíol as, TSh. 10084 .

(e) After words expressing hope, trust, doubt etc. : go ndearna dall / dóigh as an té do thoghsam, Dán Dé iv 26 . as do thrócuire atá ar ndóchas, xix 21 . thairisi asa deghgnimradhaibh féin, CCath. 330 . an neimhiocht gnáthach do bhí aige as féin `it was sad that his brother always had a suspicion of him', his usual mistrust for him, Keat. ii 2504 . bith cunntaphuirt agut asi[n] nduine aithenus tu `be on your guard against', Ériu v 136 § 93 . etir cin co fiss / no co n-anfiss ass, ACL iii.222.30 .

(f) After vbs. of boasting, etc. : dia maide as a shúalchib, PH 4855 . itā mo chorp 'na c[h]amra / cid uaibrech as m'urlabra, ACL iii 239 § 34 . rom-moltar ar cech feib as mo ghail, ZCP v 503.24 . créad as a ndéine díomus, TSh. 633 .

IV In later lang. also of time from, since: ní nach dearnadh as mo nua ná as mo naoidheantacht ariamh riom, ML 100.14 . fer na dechaid asa naindin riam gan cenn Connachtaig lais `from his childhood', ZCP i 103.1 . asa naidendacht `from his infancy', RC ii 386 § 9 . sé is (leg. as) th'óige ort / [is] móide ar an ḟolt mh'fiafraighidh that thou hast it since thy youth increases my wonder (?) at the hair, DDána 114.2 . asa tosuch from the beginning, Ériu iv 214.18 . nambered cách a huair dena maccleirchib dochum a tige leo `would take him home in turn', Ériu ii 222.24 .

In prep. phrases, see aithle, céile, ucht, etc. In adv. phrase see núa.

aircháelán

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aircháelán or dil.ie/1675

n (cáelán) name of an inferior type of food: na dlegait biathad acht bochtan no urchaelan, Laws i 106.2 .i. cael a da hor, a da himel .i. in lethbairgen, 26 Comm.

airísel

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airísel or dil.ie/2133
Last Revised: 2013

adj (ísel) very low: is samlaid ra suidiged in tech hísein. lár ard tuard airisel, LL 3796 ( ┐ túaradh airiseal, RC xv 280 § 6 ). ar tulaigh urísil, CCath. 2281 . ┐ síad ar a nglúinibh, go huirísiol ar talamh 'and vpon their knees, prostrate on the ground' Ériu xv 94 [101a] . low in rank, ignoble, mean: na hoibreacha uirísli simplidhe, Desid. 2514 . sdaid umhal uirísiol, 1278 . an t-anduine uirísiol, Mac Aingil 5493 . d'uaislibh ┐ d'uirislibh, Hy Maine 140.1 . a láthair dháoine uirísiol before mean men, Proverbs xxii 29 . Superl. combad é a hór nō a hargat ba huirisle de the meanest part of it (of a diadem), Grail 2859 . Adv. co a.¤ in a low voice, LL 229b32 ( TTr. 923 ). As subst.: do na huiríslibh (`unto the lowly'), Proverbs iii 34 . In gramm. the form made by adding -aib to a word: fer . . . feraib a aurisel, Auraic. 1798 = fer . . . foreraib a aurisel, Goid. 73.24 (Dúil Laithne). ben, mna i n-ilur a aurard ni airecar a airisel .i. benaib, Auraic. 1847 . treḟocul . . . co raib and . . . a irard a irisel, LL 5015 .

argat

Cite this: eDIL s.v. argat or dil.ie/4140

Forms: argad, airgead, argad

n o, n. Later m. argad, airgead m., IGT Decl. § 11 . argad: slabhradh, IGT Decl. ex. 471 . : damnadh, PBocht 7.24 (see note).

(a) the metal silver: a n-a.¤ nglan, Ml. 31d10 . amal slaidred ṅargait gl. reprobum argentum, 85b7 . arged ab argento , Corm. Y 18 . gasne arggait (of a person), Thes. ii 295.15 . in sét argait, 345.1 (Hy. v) = arggait, 346.4 . ríthæ in tech sin . . . ar chumil n-arggit, 240.2 (Ardm.). cumal do or ┐ a.¤ , Ériu xvi 37 § 3 . gell . . . di arggut, Críth G. 283 . a.¤ n-án n-oigthiagerna (arget (arcat) n-ard v.l.), Anecd. ii 58.12 . ra mbiad arcat ┐ ór, LU 3318 ( SCC 11 ). ór nó airccet, Trip.² 1120 . míleach argit, BDD² 673 . cassán gelairgit isin brot, LU 6295 (TBC). tricha escra do airgiut oengil Espáne, TFerbe 404 . loc i mbi mein airgit, Laws i 170.17 Comm. conn-esnaduib oir ┐ arccuid, IT iii 238.107 . arget ar crannaib, LL 13869 . a lámha d'airgead (of an image), TSh. 56 . a.¤ beó quicksilver: detach in airgit beó, Rosa Angl. 258.6 . Cf. airgat.

(b) As object of value, currency etc. (cf. airgeint): cia duberat a.¤ daitsiu nulla argenti . . . permotatione , Ml. 73d12 . du fuillem argait gl. ad usuram, 36a24 . cim .i. arget ┐ don argat dobeirt[h]i i cís d'Fomorib atroille ainmniugud, Corm. Y 304 . cimb .i. airget, O'Dav. 354 . cerb .i. argad, Corm. Y 381 . unga arcait for fer imthéit co n-eri, Ériu ii 204 § 23 . ni nais uma na hairgead na hor , Laws iv 36.1 . triar brathar dia tart a n-athair tini argaít, Irish Texts i 17 § 50 . sena.¤ fil acut, LL 361 marg. sup. d'athchuinnge airgeit, ZCP viii 201 § 12 . d'iarraidh airgid, DDána 13.3 . airgead croise caoile nó salfás, L. Cl. A. B. 42.18 .

Of money: monad nua . . . do denam ind Erinn ┐ trecad in arcit do bi inte air-sin, Ann. Conn. 1252.2 . argiod fállsa counterfeit money, Párl. na mB. 3907 . drochairgiod, 1862 .

(c) Of special types of silver: lan ind [ḟ]innfaidhig Patraicc do argut gil o cheniul E. do Patraicc `the full of Patrick's F. (name of a bell) of white silver', AU i 464.z . Cf. tri lan cluicc na rig d'ofrail arcit, Ann. Conn. 1244.5 . cuit in cét fir . . . ungi dargut gil, Cog. 94.6 . tri ficit uinge d'airget ghil, AFM ii 818.4 . LL 312a9 ff. mentions three grades: arggat bruthi (refined), argget mar bess (average) and arggat.

Compds. Mainly in nn.pr. and nn. loc. -án: macc Airgetáin, Trip. ii 514.2 (perh. deriv.). ¤-bran: fid nallabrach ┐ arggatbrain, Thes. ii 293.1 . ¤-dán, see Loth, Rev. des Études Anciennes xxi 263 - 270 . ¤-ibar: mac Argatibair, LL 312a55 . ¤-lám: Nuodai Aircetlaum, RC xii 100 § 133 . Núadha Airgettlamh, Leb. Gab.(i) 148.y . la Nuadat n-argetlaim, LL 981 (cf. airgetlam). ¤-már: Argatmár, LL 2508 . Sīrlām mac Argatmāir, ZCP viii 303.6 . ¤-nia: admuiniur m'argetnia I invoke my silver champion, Misc. Hib. 19 § 2 . ? ¤-ṡrón: tri meic Argatroin, LU 7623 . ¤-glenn: i n-Argatglind, ZCP iii 42 § 8 . ¤-nél: isin maig tess Arggatnéul, Imr. Brain 8 . ¤-ros: Argetros, LL 2287 .

asúir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. asúir or dil.ie/4549
Last Revised: 2013

n (AN loanword Risk 653 ) azure: cumdach le hór ┐ le hairget ┐ lé hesúir, Maund. 58 , 69 . 'arna folach d'or ┐ d'a.¤ , 252 .

1 bert

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bert or dil.ie/5735
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: beirt, beart, beirt

n ā, f., also o, m. Also beirt f. (beirid). See Éigse viii 101 - 103 , xii 68 , Language xxix 325 . b.¤ (lúachra) m., IGT Decl. § 15. beart (chluichi) f. (ó bheirt an chluithe ┐ an éduigh, v.l.), § 39 . beirt [éadaigh ?] f., § 14 .

Occas. appar. = breth: b.¤ .i. breth . . . ar ate .ix. mberta maicne insin la Féine .i. .ix. mbretha mac annso anuas, O'Dav. 280. ropat móra do berta (`Rechtssprüche', TFerbe 281 ), LL 33690. co brāth na mb.¤ for ever , ZCP viii 228 § 18.

I Burden, load; bundle: b.¤ quasi port, a uerbo porto .i. imarc[h]uirim, Corm. Y 163. etarport quasi etar-bert .i. itir dā beirt, 529 . b.¤ (beart, IT iii 89 § 115 ) fleda for lomgabail (one who carries) a package (of food) for a feast on a bare fork, Bruchst. i 34 § 80. loman carr ┐ beart `the rope for (tying) carts and loads', Laws i 140.3 Comm. long cona be[i]rt (: ceilt) cargo, Prolegomena 43 § 29 . gan bheirt ar bhoin, DDána 114.34 . birt troma i dtéadánaibh `heavy corded bundles', TD 16.59 . gille ag gabháil a mbeirteadh / fir ag fregra chaismeirteadh bundles (?), IGT Decl. ex. 1127 meirge Suibhne, beart buidhe a yellow burden (?), MR 230.1 . Cf. blaith .i. buidhe . . . eich fo berti blaithi, O'Dav. 322. pn In sobriquet: la ríg Eoganachta B.¤ Crechi `Load of Plunder', RC xvii 381.24 (Tig.). bundle, sheaf of thatch, rushes, straw, etc.: colpdach i n-airbir, samaisc i llethbeirt, bó i mbeirt (mbert, v.l.), Críth G. 213. cen co benta acht b.¤ de, manar facaib air ní dá tic dín, O'D. 1695 (H. 5.15, 31b). Cf. O'Curry 642 (H. 3.18, 309). beart don tuighe dá fīghe, LBranach 1450 . ithig b.¤ crema, Anecd. i 48 § 9. is tegar boichti mo beart / seagal is coirci is cruithneacht, IGT Decl. ex. 1064. fuaim na n-each gan beart chum lige `straw for litter', Ó Bruad. ii 192.6 . do-níd aoin bheart amháin da n-armaibh `piled . . . into one heap', Keat. iii 2827.

Fig. burden, weight (of grief, etc.): b.¤ ghoimhe, Rel. Celt. ii 268.33 . nocha nfuil[n]ghim thúas don beirt / o rochuala tásg mh'éinmhic `I cannot bear up against the blow', BS 56.23 . do bhrígh na beirte because of the burden (of oppression), DDána 74.27 . Cf. gár mheisde . . . / a sgaradh (sic leg.) re a mbeirtibh bróin, 79.19 . In cheville: beirt pían, SR 7171. Other applications: dā uigh chirce ar mbúain dā beart `taken from her clutch', KMMisc. 364.16 . a carnn-fhoilt léi 'n a m-beartaibh `tresses', Hard. ii 24.y .

II Clothing, covering, clothes, attire, apparel; accoutrement: beirt .i. cumhdach, O'Cl. tugadh beart (eadach, v.l.) nua do gach aon díobh, idir shlabhradh ┐ léine ┐ bhrat, Ériu i 95.1 . beart do croicend ōglaogh allaidh, Feis Tighe Chonáin 160. beart allmhurdha `strange garment', O'Hara 1438. beirt righ Laighen . . . a léine sroil ┐ a áon ghae, BNnÉ 257 § 216 . co mbeirt glégil in white raiment, Grail 23 . armghaiscedh . . . etir ghai ┐ sciath ┐ claideb, cona bheirt foithibh casing (?), Lism. L. 1610. tuc beirt ridiri (arm gaiscidh, v.l.) dhoibh ` equipment ', ITS xix 28.12 . seacht mbeirte décc éideadh `suits of armour', AFM iv 1244.16 . a bheirt ghliadh 'his battle armour', Celtica xxvi 101 § 28 . buiden do rāpēroip ┐ do daigēroib . . . go mbeirtibh cloch uaissle cumdaigh ar n-a gcomhōradh `with hilts (scabbards ?) of ornamented precious stones' (?), Fl. Earls 100.33 . ocht .xx. claidimh beirte cumdhaigh le hor , L. Chl. S. 27.

III

(a) deed, exploit; feat, trick; effort, task; action, behaviour: na trī berta buadhnaise . . . sin those three exultant deeds, ML² 1122. Cf. phr. b.¤ búada below. Macha, co mbert- aib na mbergg `with feats of heroes', MacCarthy 182 § 5 . tria beirt n-iṅglicc fria n-athair ( Gen. xix 30 - 35 ) wanton trick, Rawl. 72a36 . in b.¤ baísi `foolish thing', TBC-LL² 1064 . atbath tre beirt láechda lúaith, Metr. Dinds. ii 20.23 . do rigni berta fir baíth, iv 146.6 . ag déanamh beart mbaodhluch `venturesome deeds', O'Hara 1390. Lugaid [luth] la beirt (: seirc), Ériu v 209.20 . beart ullamh hí on aingeal (of the Incarnation), DDána 48.17 . beart do bheartaibh an tṡaoghail `one of the tricks of the world', KMMisc. 350.24 . amail dogéntais in mbeirt (: ardneirt) `as they should achieve the task', Ériu iv 110.2 . In phr. b.¤ búada: co fagba lícc bas b.¤ búada for lecht n-Aeda `stone that shall be a trophy', Metr. Dinds. iv 102.12 . bearta a buadh ar ghléire gall (of Ireland), Hackett xlii 68 . Cf. ML² 1122. b.¤ cháis: Muire ógh ar t'fheart / a brón 's a beart cháis, PBocht 5.54 . In phrr. (attá, do-icc) ar b.¤ : a imscar ┐ Meic Con asin chath ro boí ar b.¤ oco the battle that was about to take place between them (?), LU 9828 ( PRIA xix 532.7 ). tathum domna bróin ar beirt matter for grief has fallen to me (?), Metr. Dinds. iv 284.3 . cia beith olc na crí / connāch tí for beirt `though they meditate evil, it may not come to pass' (?), KMMisc. 268.14 . da ceirtbliadain dó for beirt / i tig Loairnd dó ag Eirc, YBL 317b7 ( Aided M. 800 ). Note also: mar adberaid buidni ar beirt / maraid im' cuimni comneirt, MacCarthy 410 § 6 . (In cheville) caoine (leg. cáiniu) bertaibh, ZCP viii 198.7 .

(b) move in a game, play in a game, game: ro tincoisc beirt diarbo cluchi for Murchadh `a move by which a game went against M.', Cog. 144.3 . an bheart (bheirt, v.l.) eile, Ériu xvii 12.30 . b.¤ indarba agad, a meic `a move of banishment', Ériu iii 154 § 8. [tré]na beirt ndírig ndílis `for his straight and honourable play', SG 124.18 . gairid ar mbúain resin mbeirt / gur smúain an aibhid d'imeirt, IGT Decl. ex. 625. ? dál féirleabtha d'inghin é / imridh sé éinbhearta is í, ex. 1113 .

Compds. brig ar bertblaidh, IT iii 64 § 131.26 . a n-anmann cen bertbrón (mertbron, v.l.: Mercōn), ZCP xii 377.7 .

caithchid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. caithchid or dil.ie/7989

Forms: caithid

n i, m. (1 cathach ?). Also caithid. Legal in phr. c.¤ críche(e) appar. warden of the marches, defender of border territories : in caithi[d] criche, is i a dethbir frisin airi echta: a tir a medon bis in t-aire e., a ccoicrich . . . bis in caithi[d] doghres, Laws v 244.14 , 15. Comm. Cf. ii 152.22 . direnar lan dire do fennid ┐ c.¤ crich, v 418.13 . eneclann do'n n[ḟ]enid ┐ don caichthi[d], 22 Comm. in caithe crich, duine eside(c) bis ar caei foicheda ar conair fuachtina lochta na crichi, ┐ nocha tic sé a medon na crichi . . . .i. sin fri hor na crichi . . . bís sé, ┐ cuma imtiges sé re soirche ┐ doirchi, O'D. 1575 (H 5.15, 6a). caiche crich .i. ansruth bis oc dighail greisi a coiccrich, O'Curry 95 ( H 3.18, 67 ).

catúd

Cite this: eDIL s.v. catúd or dil.ie/8396

Forms: catód, cadádh, cadódh, cadúdh, cadogha, cadágh, cadógh

u, m. vn. of con-toí, Blathm. p. 112 n.7 . Also catód. cadádh, cadódh, cadúdh, IGT Verbs § 64 . act of wrapping, entwining : is fuaigél umha re hór / siat ré chéile do chadódh / fear Gallda . . . / 's an plandda geal Gaeidealach unite(?), IGT Verbs ex. 535 . cadúd a chrúb (: dadúd) `his trotters clenched' (of dead pig), Hermathena ci 33 § 40 . nī hairget ┐ nī hōr / blāth na colla re cadōdh, ACL iii 238 § 6 `auf dass man es einhülle', ZCP xx 96 . irrusc olla nobid dogres dia chadud ar a thruaigi (of Senchán), Anecd. i 7.24 `to wrap him up' (?), SCano 223n. as cadadh clúimhe re cnes (: adūdh) `garb of feathers', BS 54.23 . eoin íchtair na fairrge / . . . / bíd choidhche can chadódh / gach n-oidche fan aigéan without covering, DDána 98.3 . leith an chadogha roimhe, agus an leith eile 'na dhiaidh `blanket', GJ iv 82a 34 . cadogha, cadágh, cadógh ` wrap ', Dinneen . See also s. cotad.

3 cel

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 cel or dil.ie/8541

n in etymol. gl.: cen bes ┐ a c.¤ for a hor gl. oircel ( Laws iii 242.13 ), O'Curry 947 ( H 3.18, 411 ) = cael, O'D. 502 ( H 3.17, 406 ). See oircél.

cengalta

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cengalta or dil.ie/8611

Forms: cengailte

later cengailte, part. of cenglaid. tied, bound, joined : capull c.¤ harnessed , LU 2937 . .vi. c.¤ carpat c.¤ , BB 240b9 . cathbarr cáem ceṅgalta co foraib óir, LL 32647 (TTr.). lega lanmaisecha, logmura, cengailti co cerdmail le hor na hAraipi set, ZCP vi 284.34 . do togaibh a lamha cengailte suas her joined hands, Smaointe B. Chr. 293 . gus in crislait . . . cengailti, MR 300.6 . atá tú ceangailte = thou art snared, Proverbs vi 2 . aithenta cengailte `obligatory Commaundments', RSClára 62a . Of troops, companies shoulder to shoulder, in serried ranks: dariṅgnit catha comdluthi ceṅgalta díb, LL 32462 (TTr.) `in close array', Plummer MS. notes. ina tri cathaib cengailt[i], Acall. 6509 `serried', Gloss. in cipi . . . cengailti, Cog. 154.22 . gona gallaibh ┐ gaoidhealaibh ceangailte coirighthe ina timcheal, AFM iii 410.17 . With prepp.: a beith ar aenmnái chengailte bound to a wife, Acall. 6407 . do bhí ceangailte dá cloinn / . . . / gach éin-fhear do bheith i mbroid it was the destiny of her children, Dán Dé xxi 18 . ceangailte dhá chéile, 1 Corinth. i 10 . tré sa bhfuilmíd roichengailte imá mholadh `most bound to prayse him', RSClára 33b .

comthroma(ig)id

Cite this: eDIL s.v. comthroma(ig)id or dil.ie/11902

Forms: comthrom(ug)ad

v (comthrom) makes equal, balances, weighs : gur ro comtromaigthea a cneada `during which their wounds were equal' (a battle), MR 110.14 . ní mó comhthromar í le hór fhiorghlan = neither shall it be valued with pure gold, Job xxviii 19 . do chomthromuidh an lúireach cúig mhíle secel, 1 Sam. xvii 5 . comhthromuigh . . . na spioráid = weigheth the spirits, Proverbs xvi 2 . comhthromuigh sé na huisceada, Job xxviii 25 . Vn. comthrom(ug)ad.

díc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. díc or dil.ie/16065
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: díogaid

n [f.] (Fr. digue, or OE díc Risk 634 ) dike, ditch; moat, trench: do dhenum díge timcell Arda Macha, AU ii 336.17 . dīog ro-domain mōirt[h]imchell a balla, Fl. Earls 78 . díog dhomhain, Proverbs xxiii 27 . ní raibhi dun . . . gin díc uiscidhi 'na timchell a moat full of water, Marco P. 123 . tuitfid araon sa díg, Matthew xv 14 . na balladha ┐ na dígca, Maund. 57 . ro tochladh leo domhaindíocca talmhan, AFM vi 2060 . acc doimhniucchadh díocc i ttimcheall an bhaile, 1968 . mar tic blāth tar bruachaib dīc (: dít), ACL iii 242 § 15 . (Of hair) imdha cuas ann, imdha dig, Irish Texts iv 117.6 . fidh fri hor in duin co ndiguibh ┐ mhúraibh aelta 'na urtimcill, Marco P. 49 . tri fichit troig ar doimne isna diguib, ZCP vi 284.14 . denuidh an gleannsa lán do dhíogachaibh, 2 Kings iii 16 . Later also díogaid: i ndíogaidh an dúin, TSh. 909 .

Compd. ¤gel: do ghlac ndíggeal of thy white-palmed hands, DDána 99.15 .

1 dír

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 dír or dil.ie/16692

adj (a) due, proper, fit, meet: d.¤ .i. dlisdin, Lec. Gl. 163(M) . dir .i. dleisdín, Stowe Gl. 51 . d.¤ .i. dlestanus, 318 . Generally folld. by prep. DO: ni d.¤ dúib ní disund nothing of this is meet for you, Wb. 27a26 . ni diír do noibad aní forchanat what they teach is not proper for sanctification, 31b17 . is d.¤ .i. is dethiden do gl. ad illum pertinet, Ml. 30c4 . amal is d.¤ do mogaid as befits a servant, RC ii 386 § 6 . ní gata Adomnan fīachu ar . . . fine dia mbí d.¤ to whom they are due, Cáin Ad. 29 . adae .i. ad dee .i. dīr do Dia, Corm. Y 67 . i n-as d.¤ d'eclais, 962 . is do is dir inndi is canticum dindí doberar a claiss hi croit, Hib. Min. 287 . is é ná facaidh ní nár bhu d.¤ dhó do fhaicsin that was not proper for him to see, Lism. L. 4894 . déansa gach ní is d.¤ do dheaghdhuine, ML 100.6 . laidh . . . is d.¤ ┐ is dligeadh d'éicsib d'aisneis, MR 92.4 . cech fírmanach dond eclais dian d.¤ gníd amal cech mog to the church to which it is due, Fél. p. 4 . espuc do nach diur adhultrus, Laws i 58.22 . ro imbir fair cach ada aili ba d.¤ do imbirt for tarb idparta, CCath. 959 . diambadh d.¤ fuil do snām if blood were fitted for swimming, ZCP xi 62.6 . do leith fitt . . . is d.¤ insin that (word) is applicable to a half-ration, Mon. Tall. 156.21 .

Used absolutely without complement: cech ní is d.¤ dlegmait do rad, LL 139b12 ( RC xlvii 304 ). corrthair .i. . . . nō co hor .i. co himel as d.¤ a breith it is proper to bring it to the edge, Corm. Y 336 . ma indligedh dogne in flaith resin cele is d.¤ imsgar fris, Laws ii 274.11 Comm. robba d.¤ recht aicnid [uile] inge cretium the law of nature was right except for the faith, i 16.17 . as forra féin ro ba dir clú an mhadhma do bheith, AFM v 1648 . niptar dir na oiss | immá duma dess, PRIA xix 534 .

(b) belonging to, appertaining to: tectid cach cumachte as díir do dia that belongs to God, Wb. 26a6 . conic do pianad-sa ┐ pianad cech oein as d.¤ duit torment thee and thy seed, PH 6600 . ni fuil sund neach na pad dir (duall, v.l.) dait o a athair no mathair, BDD § 13 . carn ind ríg in fess cía rí | dianid d.¤ ? to whom it belongs, Metr. Dinds. iii 202 . tuatha Fochmuinn . . . for Almuin ┐ anas d.¤ di hi finíbh, BB 255b40 . forumai sár for cach toil . . . acht anas d.¤ dí fadesne but what is accordant with itself (luxuria), Ériu vii 138.4 .

Folld. by gen.: do neoch ba d.¤ udbarta issin tempul everything that belonged to . . ., TTr. 1223 ( LL 233b5 ). gen nach ngnim is d.¤ mugsaini to do nothing appertaining to servile work, Anecd. iii 21.8 . ní bus d.¤ clóine anything involving wrong, Ériu ii 202 . menma aircisechtach di cach duine acht ní bas d.¤ pecath save for aught that involves sin, Ériu vii 160.28 . trūail .i. dir uailli í it is a sign of pride, Corm. Y 1240 .

(c) necessary: ní nad d.¤ do trachtad int sailm what is not necessary for a commentary, Ml. 25a6 . ised ro bo d.¤ do Césair toídhecht docum in tshenaidh Rómhánaigh C. was obliged to . . ., CCath. 213 .

As subst. [n.] one's right or due: Lind mná féile . . . | ainm na linde 'nar báided | is é a d.¤ (díl, v.l.) maras dise this is its proper title inherited from her, Metr. Dinds. iii 294 .

do-ecmalla

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-ecmalla or dil.ie/17524
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: do-eclam-, doecmalla, tecmalla, teccmall, tecmallid, do-b-eglaimith-si, tarcomlat, -lad, nimatarcomlus-[s]ae, do-n-arrchomlais, a-targlammais, tecmall, do-recmallsat, tecmallsat, tecmaltar, doecmalldar, tarcomlad, tarchomlad, dontaircomla(i)d, doecmalta, tecmaltae, tecmall, tarclam, targlaim, targlammair, do-s-farclam, do-rr-eclam, dar-eclomsat, teclomsad, tarclamsat, rotheclaim, do-eclumar, do-eclamthar, tarclamad, roteclamad, doreclamta, targclamtha, teclamad, rotharclamsat, tarrcomlad, rodusteglaim, tharclaim

v (* to-in-com-ell-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 510 ). See GOI pp. 519 , 685 . In Mid. Ir. the stem gen. appears as do-eclam-, (-teclam-), by metathesis. See teclaimid, teclaid.

(a) Indic. pres. 3 s. doecmalla, Wb. 9d5 . tecmalla, LL 118a2 . Ipv. 2 s. teccmall, TBC-I¹ 697 . 2 pl. tecmallid, Wb. 14a1 . do-b-eglaimith-si, IT ii2 229 . Subj. impf. 3 s. co tarcomlat (= -lad), RC xii 72 . Pret. and perf. 1 s. nimatarcomlus-[s]ae, FB § 26 Eg. 2 s. do-n-arrchomlais, LU 9516 . a-targlammais, Anecd. ii 7 § 11 . 3 s. tecmall, Cymmr. xiv 106 § 6 . 3 pl. do-recmallsat, ZCP xi 152 § 49 . tecmallsat, LU 1694 . tuercomlassat, Ogma 235 , Wb. 7a7 (recte 7a5a ). a prima manu.

Pass. pres. s. tecmaltar, Críth G. 40 . pl. doecmalldar, RC iii 344 . Perf. s. tarcomlad, TBC-I¹ 1 . tarchomlad, LU 9772 . dontaircomla(i)d, IT ii2 277.1 . pl. doecmalta, TBC-I¹ 19 . Part. tecmaltae. Vn. tecmall.

(b) With metathesis. Pret. 3 s. tarclam, LL 216b44 . targlaim, TBC-LL¹ 3222 . targlammair (dep. form), SR 1637 . do-s-farclam, Todd Nenn. 126 (BB). do-rr-eclam, Rawl. 133a4 . 3 pl. dar-eclomsat, Anecd. i 56 . teclomsad, RC ix 474 n. 19 . tarclamsat, LL 44a9 . Later rotheclaim, -set. Pass. pres. do-eclumar, Cóic Con. 55 § 127 . do-eclamthar, 56 § 130 . -teclamar, The Kingship and Landscape of Tara 134 § 25 . Perf. s. tarclamad, LL 109a47 . roteclamad, 224a42 . pl. doreclamta, Bodl. Dinds. 46 . targclamtha, SR 2714 . Vn. 2 teclaim, teclamad.

Gathers, collects, brings together, amasses: teccmall na heōnnu dūnd (of birds killed with a sling), TBC-I¹ 697 . doecmallai súas ┐ tegmallai a chenn ┐ a chep inda ucht he gathers (himself) together and picks up . . ., RC xiv 452 . tecmallat anba dina hublaib, RC ix 474 . rotheclaimset-som mór dina cnóib, RC x 58 . rotecluma[d] in femnach, Laws i 170 Comm. tarclam Ainge grinne gathered a faggot, Metr. Dinds. ii 58 . targlammair in sruth | cech míl beo bái 'n-a crisluch, SR 1637 . tecmalla Aitherne a folud ┐ a inmass issin less, LL 118a2 . túercómlássát cómtínól they have gathered together a contribution, Wb. 7a7 . forfodlat na tarcomlat they distribute what they do not gather (spend what they have not earned), LL 344d45 = nád tinólat, Tec. Corm. 34 . roscáich a tarchomlath sund (the wealth) that has been gathered here has passed away, Ériu iii 108 . targlamsat Laigin a cís dó co Belach Nemed, RC xv 425 ( Dinds. 38 ) = rotharclamsat, LL 160a16 . téit Fidic . . . do theclomad na rigi dō féin to gather in (gain, secure) the sovereignty, Ériu ii 178 (theglomad, v.l.). ní rath tíri teclumus it is no luck of land he gathers (i.e. he does not amass territory), LL 386a42 . a targlammais ēm do fāilti anocht all the joy thou hast gathered . . ., Anecd. ii 7 . tecmaltar a insce dó hi teora bríathra his statement is assembled by him into three words, Críth G. 40 . Folld. by personal forms of co referring to subject: doecmalla in mertrech cuice pectha . . ., Wb. 9d5 . By forms of LA: teclumaid a lāmu lais isin setigi tucks in his hands in the blanket, MacCongl. 11 . dareclomsat leo asin tir-sin imadh [n]uball they gathered (and brought away) with them, Anecd. i 56 . Of persons (bands, assemblies, etc.): dobeglaimith-si gather yourselves together, IT ii2 229 (Eg.). co tarcomlat-sim trénfiru an tsídho, RC xii 72 . batar dana dā n-oss ┐ teclamad cechtar n-ái osséti each of them used to assemble herds of stags, LL 246b39 ( IT iii 245 ). Cruithnigh [cid] dosfarclam | i n-iath Alban n-amra? what has brought together . . ., Todd Nenn. 126 . doeccmalldar lēge hErinn, RC iii 344 . tarchomlad cach óes dána, RC vi 164 ( LU 9772 ) = tarrcomlad, Laws i 14 . senchaidi síl Adaim áin | targclamtha lais i n-óendáil, SR 2714 . doecmalta .iiii. c[h]oiced hErend, TBC-I¹ 19 . doreglamadh uile doctūiridhe . . . dia innsaigidh, Fl. Earls 144 . mór de rígaib tiar ┐ tair | rasteclaim co Temraig assembled (inf. pron. reflex.?), LL 299a45 = rodusteglaim, Lec. 601b30 . [is] me targlaim na sluagu sair, TBC-LL¹ 3222 = tharclaim, TBC-I¹ 2403 . in slúag mór donarrchomlais, LU 9516 . nos-taireclamat-side do neoch búi o Lochlainn síar do sluag docum nErenn, RC xii 74 . an fianlach doreclamatar isuidhe co haonmhaighin, Hugh Roe 300 . tarcomlád slóiged mór la Connachtu, TBC-I¹ 1 . do tarcclamadh a shlóig dia shaigidh, AFM vi 2250 . dorecclomtha a shlúag lais, Hugh Roe 82 . rateclamad leis a n-robái . . . di longaib, LL 224a42 . a n-robái di longaib . . . i n-airiur Saxan . . . tarchomlátha co mbátar i purt ríg, SG 313 . roteclumad céti airthir an betha, Ériu ii 98 . targlomaid tinol tromda, Leb. Gab.(i) 106 . rotheglaimset samhadh ┐ coimthinol Loreto, Fl. Earls 146 . do theaglaimsed cluichi, Metr. Dinds. iii 483 . ní teclaimtis feis Temrach do ríg cen rignai lais, TE § 2 . lais . . . tarclamadh senoid Nece the Council of Nicaea was convoked, Lec. 48a21 . Of a feast collects provisions, prepares: nima-torchomlad-sa (nima-tarcomlusae, Eg.) fleid dúib would I had not prepared (lit. not well did I prepare) a feast for you, FB § 26 . fled mór-chain tarclamad lim-sa duit-siu, RC xiv 412 .

Of compiling materials for a book, etc.: Estras dosfarglam iar tain | i n-ord n-oentad n-oen libuir Ezra collected them (i.e. the psalms) in order in one book, ZCP iii 21 .

Rarely intrans. (prob. orig. used with reflex. pron. in such cases): uanbach tonn tarclaim ra hor the surge hurled in a mass against the shore (?), SG 366 . targloimset chuige co haon maighin, Leb. Gab.(i) 192 . co tarclamsat munter a n-aite, Rawl. 73b38 . See also ? tarchomail.

dorn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dorn or dil.ie/18356
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: dornn, dord, doirnn, duirnn, dorrann, dorn, Duirn, Duirn, D., Durn

n o, m. Also written dornn (-nd); form dord occurs TBC-I¹ 1823 ; IT i 40.22 (if not a scribal error, cf. card = carn). Note also d s. durrnd, CIH i 52.34 , Ériu lii 140 . doirnn, Trip.² 2928 (doirnnin, v.l.); for assin duirnn , Fél. 146.31 leg. assind iurn out of the iron (pot). dorrann, Ó Bruad. i 66 . dorn m., IGT Decl. § 67 .

(a) hand, fist: na durnu (gl. pugnas), Gild. Lor. 165 . robbad durnn caurad ┐ robad rig ruanada, TBC-I¹ 425 . a dord ima gāi, 1823 . laigen ina durnn, 2563 . gabaid in gilla imbirt a dornn foraib, 431 . imberta claideb ar dornaib desaib, LU 3424 ( SCC § 19 ). méit chléib búana cechtar a dá dordn (leg. dornd), BDD § 58 . métither ri durnu degléch, LL 237b1 ( TTr. 1518 ). rosbuailset dia mbassaib ┐ dornaib, PH 117 . senais R. a dhurna (lamha, v.l.) ┐ a ruscca dósomh, BNnÉ 319 § 13 . meni tuga biad im d.¤ , Laws v 64.21 . is do doarfas in d.¤ cen rigidh (of Belshazzar), Lec. 23a37 . lán duirn a handful: gabais C. lán duirnd dind feór, TBC-I¹ 1643 . comtrom do gach ní aen-lan duirn an equal handful of each ingredient, 23 P 10, 79.36 . debaid duirn a fight with fists: da ndech i mebail | narop debaid duirn, KMMisc. 290.2 . da rabhair a ndeabhaidh | narab deabhaidh duirn, 3 C 12, 122.20 . Hand as symbol of labour or workmanship: radis . . . nach crích no ferand bái aice acht a uird ┐ a indeona ┐ a duirn, TBC-LL¹ 962 . imin clochdroichit suidighus o dourn which he erected with his own hand, Laws ii 232.11 Comm. tri duirn ata dech for bith: d.¤ degsháir, d.¤ degmná, d.¤ deggobann, Triads 76 . rindaide, ráthbuige . . . i tig ríg noibdis corn, | ba hé a ndliged díles d.¤ the right due to their handiwork, Metr. Dinds. i 24 ; 'this was their proper due … a fist' v 125 . conarba ní ri mac oclaig . . . a dornd im suist no im opair so that no son of a warrior would put his hand to a flail, Cog. 116.12 .

Fig. to denote seizure, possession: dobhen urlamhas a atharda a dornaibh danar, AFM vi 2178.19 . d.¤ i mbrollach (a legal formula signifying arrest?): d.¤ ina brollach ar daigin a fastaithe re fiachaibh, Laws i 164.12 Comm. a leanmuin cu hor criche ┐ d.¤ ina brolluch i n-or criche, ii 88.18 Comm. = lamh ina brolluch, 20 ; cf. i 128.z . Prov. d.¤ im cheo a hand round mist (= something vain or ineffectual), Laud 615, 23 . na seoid adchi as d.¤ am cheo, BCC § 138 . d.¤ im diaid id., O'Dav. 1586 ; BS 54.27 . dorn im gae ngreine, CIH iii 750.33 , cf. Cog. 162.24 . fá dornaib underhand, secretly (mod.?): raelta eoluis fé dhóirnibh, Ó Bruad. ii 46 . súgra . . . fá na ndóirnib, 70 .

(b) hand as a measure of length: d.¤ a measure of 6 or 4 inches, O'Don. Suppl. sé troighthi . . . no da dornd déc ma do dornuib toimistar, Laws iv 76.21 Comm. naoi nduirn a fot . . . d.¤ leithet a crai . . . tri duirn a leithet ara medon, ZCP xiv 348.1 ( Laws ii 238.10 ). cetra duirn i n-airde, SG 108.24 . cubat cóic nd.¤ , Ériu ii 130 § 102 . dá dh.¤ décc ina leithet, trí duirn ┐ dá mér i fad a eite, AFM ii 996.9 . Cf. also: in dabach aile . . . fichis dornaib de it boiled hands high (?), TBC-I¹ 724 (see Celtica iii 180 ). in dabach tanaise con figfed durnu di, TBC-LL¹ 1367 = rofhuich d.¤ uaisdi, St.

(c) handful (= lán duirn), small quantity: dornn biroir, TBC-I¹ 1169 . cia fochertha d.¤ lán d'fhiad-ublaib fora cenna, LL 252b17 . nir dirúais dar (= don) charpat . . . acht d.¤ dina bassaib immon roth, TBC-LL¹ 6070 . d.¤ dona hasnaib . . . d.¤ dona fer[t]sib, TBC-I¹ 3638 . dornn do thuige ┐ d'édach, Ériu v 24.31 .

(d) blow with the fist, buffet: ní ba mó nó ó mir nó ó dúrnn nó ó lúa mair[b]fes cach fer leo, BDD § 94 . marbaid cét fer dib col-lūib ┐ co ndornaib, Ériu ii 24 § 6 . do buail d.¤ dásachtach ar Chonán, SG 339.7 . doradus d.¤ dara bhél, Acall. 1428 . d.¤ imidrubart, O'Dav. 1348 .

(e) handle . Of a vessel: gl. ansa, Thes. ii 361.29 (Philarg.). ballán d.¤ `a bowl of hands' (a two-handed cup?), Moling § 14 (`vessel of handfuls?' Plummer MS. notes). cilorn . . . an stuag as a taib no in milan duirn (`the hand-can'; can with handle?), Laws i 134.4 Comm. Of a bell: ássaid bethe tría doirnn (doirnnin, v.l.), Trip.² 2928 . Of a sword-hilt (only in compds.): claideb dorngel, TBC-I¹ 2847 . claidbi gel-duirn, TBC-LL¹ 4372 . claidbi ōrduirn, 4396 ; cf. TBC-I¹ 2045 , IT i 310.38 . im chechtar a dá leth-d.¤ in chlaidib on each side of the hilt, LL 237b37 ( TTr. 1548 ).

(f) Exceptionally foot (of an animal) (?): d.¤ daimh, Triads 76 v.l. ( .i. cos ag treabath, p. 37 ).

(g) As n.pr. m. D.¤ fer do Fénib, H 3.18, 391a . gen. Duirn, AU 682 ; Fél. 68.2 . a síd Duirnn Buidhe, Acall. 7204 , cf. 3847 . pl. tri Duirn , TBC-I¹ 3515 . As n.pr. f. D.¤ ingin Buidi, Laws i 70.14 . accus. Durn, 68.17 . Dornd bean do Feinaib Temrach, v 472.12 Comm.

Compds.

(a) With adj.: ¤balc strong-fisted , Metr. Dinds. iii 114 . ¤chorcra crimson-fisted (epithet of Cuchulainn), MU 4.23 . ¤gel, RC xx 272.3 ; Cog. 162.15 . ¤mass: Diurān dornnmas D. of the beautiful hands, Anecd. i 58 § 63 . ¤mer deft-handed , Metr. Dinds. iii 130 . See also under (e) above.

(b) With subst.: ¤chlaideb ` hand-sword ', Marco P. 61 . ¤ḟáscud squeezing with the hands, CCath. 2521 . ¤gal: bellum (alias dorndghal) breg h-Eile re n-Ailill molt for Laighniu, AU i 24.4 . in indeoin fo dorndgalaib, ZCP xiii 276 § 5 (`boilings with bubbles as big as fists', Celtica iii 180 ). ¤glac: i ndornnglacaib doitlebra Domnaill, MR 116.23 . dornnfot a hand's length, Laws iv 76.24 Comm. With adj. formed from noun ¤gualannach: eich dorngualandaig of a horse with shoulder a hand's breadth, IT iii 72 § 29 .

2 ed

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 ed or dil.ie/19658

Forms: fed, fot, n-ed, ed, ed, fed, n-ed, ed, edaib

n n, later m., also with prosthetic f, fed, probably under the influence of fot. n s. a n-ed , FB 18.19 . ed, Auraic. 1470 . cf. in t-ed , Metr. Dinds. iv 82 . fed, Auraic. 4575 . Anecd. i 30 . a s. in n-ed , TBC-LL¹ 1050 . d s. ed, FB 73 . a p. (?) eaga, Acall. 5993 n. d p. edaib, SR 7238 . Leb. Gab.(i) i 128 .A space, distance, interval (between two points of space or time); extent, length:

(a) of space:

(a) ed: mod .i. mo a ed i n-airde `greater its distance upwards' Auraic. 1470 (= mo a fedh, 4575 ). [e]adh itir gach da bunchur `a space between every two bands' Laws iv 76 Comm. dessid and ed bec ón rót, Metr. Dinds. iv 348 . condechaidh edh fada úadib, Moling § 67 . ro dibraic saigid a fidbaic...co ndechaid uad re hed, TTebe 2583 . son a gotha...go ceann cuic ced decc ceimend...eadh ba reil BCC § 62 = Fél. June 9 n. (possibly the word here is the neut. pron.). co rothocba th'arm ed lama uas a n-armaib seom, RC xxiv 200 . is ed is laithrind do mogaid ead a láime...uad ar cach leth the radius of his (outstretched) arm Laws iii 178 Comm. nistárraid acht ed inn urchuir etarru could only get to within a stone's-throw of them RC xxii 393.5 . nis tarraid acht ed n-urchair, 393.17 . edh urchuir, CCath. 5815 . gu nach raibe acht edh imagallma etarra till they were within speaking-distance Ériu viii 20 . techit ead radaircc forsin fairgi `as far as eye can reach' Trip. 476 . Ériu iv 142 . LB 152a33 . co facatar edh a forcsi ┐ a radairc don muig, CCath. 4964 . 3541 . o duruacht edh forcsena for longphort Cesair when he had reached a spot where he could survey C.'s camp 5427 . (of a ship) ni ro airis cur ro tomais eadh a taeibi a comfocraib na cairrcci drew up alongside D IV 2, 74[64]rb 26 . adbal ead a n-ulcan-som the length of their beards MR 184 . miliu troiged a eudh et aontroigh a lethiutt, Aisl. Tond. 98 . berid ed di, ó gets beyond, passes, takes the lead of: berid long G. edh foda dib fochetoir, Aen. 993 . berid N. ead foda uaidibh, 1047 . Cf. IGT, Decl. ex. 752 (see also below under (b)). nach béaraidh neach dhínn eadh an ordlaigh dar ais will not retreat an inch ML 102.28 .

Cf. ní ḟail ar bith, buan in t-ed | óen-ḟer... rosroised | cúairt in choire... | a hur co hor ri hóen-mís, Metr. Dinds. iv 82 . iffern na n-ed, ZCP iv 235.17 .

(b) fed: a fad 's a fedh, Anecd. i 30 . berim lim, fa hanba in fedh, go Druim Ibair ib. fead trichad cét...d'ḟeronn, Ériu i 126 . fedh na láime don lúirig, Anecd. i 30 . fedh laime laich do crann craisighi, ZCP vi 280.23 . Acall. 6036 n. (= fat láma l. text). Dán Dé xxix 14 . feadh a chuilg... | uaidh síos gusna saoirḟearaibh the space of his sword's length... between him and the freemen TD 9.12 (= fad a...loinne TD ii 228 ). téid...feadh naoi dtonn san muir amach, Keat. ii 1315 . atá faoi feadh O Maine the extent of Hy Many is under him Ériu v 64 . feadh amhairc ón mhúr `just in sight of the rampart' TD 8.9 ; 20.30 . Adverbially, with or without prep., throughout, to the extent of, all over (with ref. to movement or position): a lán féinneadh feadh an tighe, TD 11.17 . feadh Banbha, 16.1 . Keat. iii 1733 . ar f., for f.: gabhais for fedh na fairrge fared across the sea BNnÉ 4.33 . tír ...sruth fora fedh a river running through it Marco P. 19.68 . co cluintighi ar fedh na cathrach gair na clocc, ZCP vi 284.24 . TD 11.15 . TSh. 5573 . dochuaid do degtáscsa...ar fed na talman, SG 262.7 . do rachdaois...ar ḟeadh nUladh TD 7.26 (ar f. U. v.l.). ar gcur gach tíre ar feadh fúthaibh after completely subduing every territory 11.31 . go dtáinig saithe do chuileógaibh ar feadh na Fraingce, TSh. 9743 .

Cf. cach ed no téged, TBC-I¹ 1925 = cach ed immateiged TBC-LL¹ 2585 (wherever he went?). do-luid Eochaid Ainchend ead | ...do chuindgid ingine in rig, Lec. 608a12 = LL 375a28 .

(b) met., of extent, quantity, value, etc.

(a) is réil as ind ed fil etorro from the distance (i.e. difference in value) between them FB 73 . Esp. in phr. berid ed di, ó, surpasses (see above): 'co adrad... | ro huc hed do cach ardríg surpassed all kings in pursuing it (sc. wisdom) SR 7040 . a n-ed ruc do chéli do ócaib domoin ar gaisciud as much as thy husband surpasses the world's warriors in valor FB 18.19 . ruc Créidhi... | edh urchair do mnáibh Eireann, Acall. 817 . re dosbile bereas eaga o fidhbaid 5993 n .

(b) ar fedh mo dhithchill to my utmost endeavour Ériu v 166.49 . ar feadh a nearta `accordying to his abilitie' Carswell 156 . similarly: go feadh ar nearta, 216 . gach uile papa dia ttainic...go fedh da papa ar fichit, Fl. Earls 148.25 . (of the patriarchs:) as iad tra sin amháin do bhí ullamh glan dochum a faicsena acht go fedh Críosd dá bhfuasgladh ó cháin an tseinpheacaidh, ┐ d'osgladh dhorais na bethadh siórdhaidhe rompa léna bhás, Ó Héodhusa 60 z .

(c) of time, space, interval, duration, period ; eadh .i. aimsior, O'Cl. :

(a) tarasatar edh ciana...oc imṡelladh a cheili, LL 402b24 (= TTr.² 499 ). Contribb. 365.3 . ed deich mbliadan, MacCarthy 174 = LL 128a38 . eadh ┐ cairde do lecud do fri hiaraidh in sceoil, ACL iii 4 . nir dhamh eadh na hosadh doibh, Aen. 2148 . nocha bhfidir neach ... | a bhfuighe ón bhás... | dá ré eadh na haithrighe time for repentance Dán Dé v 6 . do cosc a raith eadh oili for another space (of time) Ériu iv 114 . Adverbial acc.: a n-ed ba beo ba huamnach as long as he lived SR 3896 . 5260 . inhed bethi sin dithrub, 4062 . anhed, 4109 . bam cú-sa...inn ed sam (connice sin St. colléic Y) during that time TBC-LL¹ 1050 . eadh risa ngebad a paider for as long as it would take to say his paternoster ZCP i 66 . ma robatar tall [e]adh risi toirse a tabairt (amach) for as long as would suffice for bringing them out Laws iv 86 Comm. In pl. rí roreraig...iar n-edaib do Ezechiam | cóic bliadna déc... do forcraid fora saegul who extended Hezekiah's life... according to periods (?) SR 7238 . da ched bliadna iar n-edhaibh | iar Neimedh... | co ngaibset Fir Bolcc | Ere, Leb. Gab.(i) i 128 . In these exx. iar n-edaib appears to mean as regards spaces (of time); cf. Heriu aibind iar n-eadhaibh, BB 36b35 = Lec. 564a .

fri (re) hed for a time; while, during, at the hour of: for Érinn rop ḟiach fri hed, Metr. Dinds. iv 248 . fo diamair re hedh do bi, Fél. Dec. 11n. daronsat sīth...etoro fri hed, Cog. 58.25 . ro airgis a ndún re headh, 80.24 . do bai ac aitreb inti re hedh, YBL 160b28 . Acall. 370 . ZCP viii 108 . da bfinnadh... | gomadh rē ḟada a shaeghul | nacha dingnadh maith re headh | nogo tisadh do deredh he would put off well-doing for a while ZCP vii 301 . ní thug dá mhnaoi a ḟios re headh did not reveal himself at once GF, Ir. Monthly 1919, 510 . ní chuimhnigh...ní dá bhfuil uathaibh re headh `do not remember what hath long been owing to them' TD 9.36 . am slat chroimcheannach re headh, Ir. Monthly 1920, 52 . fuaradar a n-álgas don eing re headh have had their will of the land for some time O'Gr. Cat. 466 . caidhe an t-easpag...do thiocfadh...do bhaisteadh Uladh re headh then (?) Arch. Hib. i 92 . ro ferudar comrac...re hedh ┐ re hathaig, ZCP vi 29.34 . Acall. 1694 . as nertmar [sic K; mertmar H ; leg. mert mar ?] do marbhadh re hedh n-athgoirid uile iad within a very short time ITS v 88.10 . CCath. 5712 . re headh ┐ re hathoidh do lō for a part of the day or during the day ZCP x 283 y . ar mbeith duinn mar sin re hedh uaire don ló do chaithemh tarla solus chugainn, BNnÉ 49.31 . fri ed mbliadna during a year FB 34 . re hedh na hoidche Acall. 1234 . TTebe 4133 . 4903 . CCath. 4393 . brat geal re headh an Ḟaíligh | sgáoilidh slat gheal fá a ghúaillibh IGT, Decl. ex. 810 . re headh n-óil at feasting time GF, Ir. Monthly 1919, 106 . ó'd-chonnairc ann ingen an t-aonmacaomh...tuc grádh a hanma ré hedh na huaire sin dó gave him her love forthwith RC xxix 120.7 . re headh na maidne at morn ZCP x 280.23 ( = ra húair na maitne TBC-LL¹ 3176 ).

(b) is é feadh bís ag tobairt a cúrsa .i. seacht lá fichead, etc. (of the moon), O'Gr. Cat. 323.14 . ní faide nó feadh leathuaire dobhámar annsin, Ériu i 91 . feadh éanuaire an lásoin linn, TD 11.23 . Adverbially, fed, an f., ar f. (ḟ.) during, for the period of; whilst: bí 'na comnuide fedh na sechtmaine, Maund. 113 . ag ól fedh an láei, 123 . Ériu v 54 . fuarus...cennus Éirenn...fedh bliadhna, ACL iii 305 . TD 7.25 . dá raibh tú re M...feadh ar gcogaidh do chlaochlódh `while our dispute lasts' TD 15.55 . gan anmhain 'na bun feadh a bheatha, TSh. 9132 . an fedh anfuidhi anbar pecthaib ni fuil ecla acainne romaib, Maund. 123 . TSh. 1255 . an feadh do bhaoi an tuile ag tocht TD 7.41 . ML 34 . er fead na bethadsa, PH 7667 . 7389 . ar ḟedh na himghona, IGT, Decl. ex. 864 . do bhattar mar sin ar fedh an chorguis, BNnÉ 70 . ní chodail neach | ar feadh aonuaire i n-éineacht for one hour at a stretch TD 41.5 . bí duilbhir ar feadh bhfleidhe, 15.44 . síoth...ní choingéamais | ar feadh an abhra d'iadhodh we would not keep peace during the twinkling of an eye 2.57 . air feadh móimeinte, Proverbs xii 19 . ní ro faccbattar (fo cenn ṡecht lá ndécc) énmhac Saxanaigh gan...ionnarbadh eiste...┐ ní mō ro ḟáccaibhsiot ar fedh na ree cédna...caislen...gan cur i seilbh Iarla D., AFM vi 2082.2 . ar an bfead so during this time Ériu i 87 n. 6.

fri (re) f.¤ : re fedh ar n-atheccmaisi during our second absence BNnÉ 50.27 . a dhá chaomthach re feadh bfaghla his two comrades on a foray Studies 1919, 75 . re feadh an laoi ná labhair, Dánta Gr. 39.37 .

go f.¤ , until; as far as: nī thug in rī audiens go fedh trī lā dō, Fl. Earls 24.3 . tainic...a ttīr go fedh ēn-oidque amhāin `landed for one night' 240.13 .

Cf. ise a gliccus do foir sinne i fedh o [v.l. a] tamaidne ann sud, Fier. 187 .

airim Find in fed dia fuil | sechtmain ar mís is bliadain (in reply to: ca ḟat ó thesta...Find ?) Acall. 5343 (`Finn's computation how long he is' SG ii 231 ).

(d) a unit of spatial measurement:

(a) tricha edh remhet in crainn sin ┐ .ccc. eadh a airde, Fél. Dec. 11 n. Dinds. 34 . Metr. Dinds. iv 242 .

(b) feadh a fathom Kirk , s. bannlamh = ACL iii 149. 106 . is e airde mūir in droichit .i. .xx. fedh `ells' Fier. 109 . eirgidh se .ii. fedha déc os talam ib. (cuic troigthe déc, .u. cubait déc v.l.). atá dhá fhichid fiodh air áirde ann agus deich bhfiodha ar leathad a chuirp, ITS xxiv 6.20 .

2 éis

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 éis or dil.ie/19846
Last Revised: 2013

n i, ī g s. perhaps in Traig Ési, Ériu i 118.35 . g p. perh. in: ainm don eclais-sin Aposania (no Appodonia) .i. costa, fo bith na folliucht (no na n-essi) batar inti, PH 6336 (here costa is an adj. from cos, and the reference is to the traces of the Archangel's feet, cf. 6330 - 1 ). Trace, track: es .i. integ...┐ slicht, O'Mulc. 437 . eiss...integ ┐ slicht, 442 . éis .i. lorg; do fhagbhadh éis a chos isin gcloich .i. lorg a chos, O'Cl. ACL iii 10.11 (= vestigia Trip. 19.3 ). forruim a choiss forsind leicc | maraith a és (a es, dia æs MSS.), Thes. ii 310 = Trip. 404.17 . nicon fess eng na eis dib track or trace of them IT i 143.27 . ata slicht a da chos and beos, is de ata Traig Ési la hUltu `the Strand of the Track' Ériu i 118.35 .

Most freq. in adverbial and prepositional phrases with ar, di, do, tar (dar):

ar é.¤

(1) after, in succession to; remaining after, waiting behind: (a) in bliadain ar eis na ronda sin the year after that division MacCarthy 304.3 ( BB 13a7 ). in bliadain ar eis rige do gabail do, 306.18 . bliadain ar es cesda Crist, 304 . 25 . ni himda aici fer a himcair...ara eis not many has [learning] to support her after him (i.e. after his death) AU 1345 . do anusdair E. ar eis Fergusa E. remained after F. had left ZCP viii 551.2 = dia éis, TBC-LL¹ 1845 . ro fhagaibh sé Sir H. ara eis, ZCP vi 42.16 . cia uand bias ar eis a chéli? (or D.) which of us will survive the other? YBL 126b7 . (b) bia-so ar m'eissi-sea .uii. mbliadain, or C., YBL 126b8 .

(2) for, instead of: (b) as-ren a fine aithgin ar a eisi, Laws iii 158.11 Comm.

co hé.¤ till the end of, till after (probably modelled on ar éis etc.): (a) gan longadh...go héis a saltrach till he had finished his psalter BNnÉ 279.32 .

di ¤ , do é.¤ As the two preps. fall together in unstressed position from an early period, it is usually difficult to decide which is intended. In similar contexts we find: dom héis-se, Wb. 29d9 and: dim(m)ǽs, Ml. 23d6 , 9 (see below).

(1) above, in the preceding context (see Celtica xviii 85-86 ): (a) di ess (gl. retro) Ml. 2c1 . di éis (gl. retro) BCr. 31b5 . in secunda coniugatione diar n-eis, Sg. 195a2 .

(2) after, later in time than, following, succeeding to; resulting from: (a) cen nech dimm æs dim chlaind frim foraithmet, Ml. 23d9 , cf. 23d6 . conid he as ardepscop L. o sein ille ┐ a chomarbba dia eis, Thes. ii 308.5 . RC xxiv 174.17 . ACL iii 5.12 . ni bí cland dia n-ǽs (gl. nullam successionem filiorum relinquentes) Ml. 57d6 . slucit ...cach anmain d'eis a céle one after another IT i 183.14 . a bhfuair mé | d'easláinte d'éis a chéile, Dán Dé xiii 3 = YBL 371a5 . ni raibh sinn...gan airdrígh d'éis a chéile without one high-king succeeding another TD 28.18 . tig tairsib d'éis aroile mentions them in turn 3.30 . regnauit ...di eis a athar reigned in succession to his father RC xvi 416.4 . in bliadain da es the following year BB 12a19 = MacCarthy 296.11 . d'éis chatha Chnúcha, ML 2.3 . d'éis tionnabhraidh, TD 24.22 . an choróin do-gheibh d'éis an bháis, TSh. 2785 . d'eis Meic Dé do chur docum báis, Maund. 10 . RC xxviii 310.10 . dá éis sin after that, afterwards TD 13.47 . TSh. 9448 . (b) ticfait dar timma... ┐ nis bia a ngrad oc Dia dia esi after that, thenceforth MacCarthy 50.22 . do imthigh sí úaidh da eisi sin thereupon Maund. 131 . Ériu ii 182.25 . After (the death, times of) a person: (a) dia n-éiss a cuirp chráibdig | i mmemraib óir, Fél. Prol. 79 . marait dia n-éis a scela, RC xxiii 304 § 2 . do thaoibh a chlú dá éis san tsaoghal, TSh. 4140 . go ndearnadh luaithreadh dhí...go nach fríoth a tuarasgbháil dá héis, 64 . (b) bid Mag da Gési co bráth | dia n-esi after them IT i 161.1 . dorat dia chloind dia éssi, MacCarthy 64.29 . PH 4246 . for ar clannaib diar n-éisi, 3285 .

(3) Of remaining after, left, waiting behind, surviving: (a) in tain ro n-anis-siu dom héis-se, Wb. 29d9 . dessid E. dia éis remained behind after him TBC-LL¹ 1845 . ni fedar cid ros fasto dom es, Aen. 621 . fosrácbus im thaig dim éis ZCP iv 44.7 . olc na druinge do bhí beó dá n-éis who survived them TSh. 5533 (= tar a n-éis, 5526 ).

(4) After the departure of, in the absence of: (a) assolgi A. iarum a bosān dia ēis A. opened his (Fraech's) purse when he had gone ZCP iv 39.25 (= RC xxiv 148.15 ). Thes. ii 340.27 . cach fidbad dara tictís...ba crích machairi da n-éis they left it a level country MU 14.29 = LL 264a1 . ni rabhat d'eis neirt may they never be without power Anecd. ii 33.12 . Duan. F. i 21.1 . Cend Febrat...atchíu... | d'éis na rígḟían, Metr. Dinds. iii 226.4 . corrach mh'intinn | d'éis na buidhne after (i.e. lacking) that company TD 25.34 . Cf. biaid Temair d'eis a fir, LL 149b37 , and: aighthe an tslúaigh mar gríos na gréine | an uair bhíos Eire da éis (v.l. héis) when (the sun) has left Ireland behind, i.e. is setting KMMisc. 172 § 22 . (b) dochuaid C... | do char T.... Aed dia éise T. gave her love to A. in his (C.'s) absence Metr. Dinds. iv. 110.28 . Hence instead of: (a) corragaibsi in cucnecht da hes took the churning in her stead Thes. ii 332.34 . Cf. (b) luid dia ésse | a ben... | do chomét búar, Metr. Dinds. iv 196.13 .

(5) in forming a participial phr.: (a) ealta...d'éis a n-ionnalta a hór flocks...bathed in gold TD 40.7 .

(6) occasionally after in the sense of notwithstanding, in spite of: (a) tiaghaid... | ...ar fhód mhearaighthe | d'éis a ndeimhnighthe dhoibh sain | sein-shlighthe Póil is Peadair, Dán Dé vi 4 = YBL 365b . d'éis ar chaitheadar riamh ruinn...cor lem anacal níor ál despite all they had lavished on me TD 3.17 .

tar (dar) é.¤

(1) behind: (a) fég...dar th'eis look behind thee IT i 222.29 . eirg a n-inad nderrit ┐ dún tar th'éis shut (the door) behind thee PH 7998 . ro hiadadh comhla an taiste tar a n-éis was shut behind them Hugh Roe² 5.4 (f. 2b) . geibis M. scíath díten dar éis fer nhErend covered their retreat TBC-LL¹ 6073 . CRR 52 . mar dubhart annso tar m'éis as I have said above Content. vi 57 . (b) Dia dam frim lorg (.i. dar m' ési), Thes. ii 350.30 . tú tar a n-éssi ocá n-imdegail, FB 10 . ní bendais na hurchuir re muintir C. acht is tar a n-eisi do tuitidis, CCath. 1870 .

(2) after, later in time than, succeeding to; resulting from: (a) bid hé N. bus rí tar eis a athar, RC xxiv 192 y ; 182.20 . aidchi ndomnaig ┐ dia domnaich tara heis on Saturday night and the Sunday following it Mon. Tall. § 45 . Tir Cannain...nis-tā dar éis a n-ecnaig, SR 4734 . naoi mbliadhna tar éis catha Sulcoide, Cog. 90.15 . tar éis gcodail (v.l. cho., co.), TD 11.6 . tar éis an bhaistidhe after baptism TSh. 3341 . tar éis áir...do tabairt ar M., RC xviii 164.9 . TD 8.31 . TSh. 2552 . tar eis mar = postquam: tar éis mar do iarr M. air after M. had asked him TSh. 1931 . (b) cách dar hési álaili, Wb. 13 a9 . ind aidchi dara heisi the following night Mon. Tall. § 9 . acht an rut bia tar éissi du airm ┐ do saigtige those that thou shalt have by virtue of thy weapons Trip. 152.4 . Hence according to (?): (b) dar eisi a cuinn do cech mnai follows her legal guardian, acts according to her reason? (cf. cond, Laws) Ériu ix 47.4 . After (the death, times of) a person: (a) ní maith lim ind áil (leg. ail) sin d'ácbail i nUltaib dar m'éis to leave that reproach behind me TBC-LL¹ 1761 (tar mh'és, St). (b) lécfet desmbirecht...calmachta dona moeth-oclachaib dar m'esi, PH 6560 . co fharcbatís dar a n-ési comartha suthain, 3236 .

(3) remaining after, surviving: (a) slán don fheadhain-sin tar mh'éis to that band (I leave) behind me Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 9.1 . m'fagbháil tar éis mo chompán that I should be left behind TD ii 248.32 . (b) bai ade and tar ési mBenigni tri fichtea bliadne, Thes. ii 238.17 ( Ardm. 17a2 ). noco bia na cein . . | sunn i pein dar m'ésse-se after I am gone SR 2044 .

(4) after the departure of, in the absence of: (a) cach sruth ┐ cach áth...dara tictís ba lecca lomma dar a n-éis they left them as dry stones MU 14.31 = LL 264a5 . robrisidh an baile tar eis na nGall after the foreigners (had quitted it) RC xviii 287x . co mbertais...corp Tit leo dar eis Ipomone when Hippomedon had gone TTebe 3468 . (b) dar a n-éssi ba cáep chró | in Lug ros gáet ac Ráith Chró L. was left all imbrued in gore after them Metr. Dinds. iv 216.15 . do chóidh...fó thuairim na nEtailleach tánaic dia thír dara ese who had come...in his absence AFM v 1750 w .

(5) for, instead of: (a) pars pro tota ....i. in rand dar eis na toiti, Auraic. 664 . co tici do chutrommæ do fácbáil dar th'éis, IT i 127.26 . Cf. techtugad indligtech do brith isin ferand .i. ba tar eis eochu cows instead of horses Laws iv 32. 10 Comm. , where the acc. may be due to confusion of the simple prep. tar with the phr. tar éis. (b) nipo accobor lassin feir suide et a cheile do thuidect dar a hési, Wb. 13a20 . olcc tar ési n-uilcc (gl. malum pro malo) Wb. 5d28 . du éric uilc tar ǽsi alaili, Ml. 127a1 . tar ǽsi (gl. pro) Ml. 47a3 . 60c1 . 88a1 , etc. ( tar æsi, 49d1 . 61d4 , etc.). tar essi, 109d8 . a thuidecht i cride tar ési Dǽ in place of God Wb. 22b5 . ma dudéll ní taibred ní tar a éssi do bochtaib, 22b7 . duberar tar ǽsi locht which is inflicted for faults Ml. 105d6 . a `speciosus' asrubartsom is dar esi indi as `gloriosus' `the word "speciosus" is for "gloriosus" ' Ml. 64d8 . ...indí as infimatis romboí apud veteres tar ési indí as infimas file hodie, Sg. 200b3 . dearb laiss is e A. nobertha i n-nem dar a éssi in his place MacCarthy 48.31 . ni fuil aisiuc na set...co tuctur seoit tar a n-esi in their stead Laws ii 304.7 Comm. da grad tar eise in aengraid bes airdiu two ranks in place of (i.e. equivalent to) one higher rank iii 142.1 . do-rónus doibh dua[i]n ...ni tardad dúas dara heisi in return for it ACL iii 296.45 . mad ech [rogata nech] da ech dara esi, Ériu vii 154.17 (cf. mad rogata nech cairich ceotheora cairich tar n-essi 154.16 . manibe ní aschomra [sic leg.] ind fognam dar essi, 154.20 .). occ eráil ghiall ┐ aittire oile dar a éisi in his stead Hugh Roe² 5.17 (f. 3a) . ní rochosna nech aile | ní dot anim tar t' ési no other can strive for aught for thy soul in thy stead Ériu i 201.9 .

ethaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ethaid or dil.ie/20834

Forms: ethaid, raethsat, ra[r]ethsat, ethæ, eithea

v (eth- ` go; find, obtain, take ' Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 514 ).

I Goes : pres. ind. s. 3 ethaid o ur co hor na haba (of a ferry-boat), Corm. Y 528 . pret. and perf. s. 3 ethais cuco cethrar, Anecd. i 59 § 78 . pl. raethsat-som chuce TBC-LL¹ 2957 (roreatsat St, leg. ra[r]ethsat ?). Cf. co roetsatar do Mael, Anecd. ii 49.7 (roethsatar v.l.). impers.: imperat. conniastar...┐ ethar dal mbliadan friumb co feissiur fis scél, RC iii 345.12 . pret. (= itum est) eatha .i. dochuaidh no do cuireadh, O'Cl. etha co Fergne, RC iii 344.12 . tiagar uaib co Bodb...; etha cosuidiu, 345.7 . ba holc lathe etha dó evil was the day when they went IT i 98.1 = LL 112a33 ( ethai, Anecd. v 9.19 ). ba holc laithe eatha dhó .i. ba holc an lá docuas chuige, O'Cl. s.v. eatha. etha ar galaib óenfir cuici, TBC-I¹ 1760 (cf. LU). ocus hetha húaidib cossna tri chóiced aili they sent to 2 . etha a n-iarair `went in pursuit of them' Laws i 64.5 . eatha uad co Mag Femin, Lec. 423a10 . ethe lasin n-óclaich `they went with' Imr. Brain i 48.18 (= éthe .i. dogníther, LU 134a9 . ethæ H. eithea B). ettha úadib-seom for cend Ḟiachrach, Ériu iv 126.8 . eathai guisin filidh, ZCP vii 305.21 . etta for a iarraid sechnón na fidbaide, LL 220a44 = TTr. 235 . With pers. subj.: etha oenḟer ara cend ó ríg... `was sent to fetch her' Metr. Dinds. iv 126.41 (etta, etai v.l.).

II Seizes, obtains : pres. ind. ethaid-side in n-inchind al-láim indala n-aí ` snatches ' Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 4 w = LL 124a4 . ethaid in luirg n-iairn `seizes' Otia ii 86 § 16 (< Rawl. 81a18 = eathaid, BB 134b45 ). ethais giall cach coi[ci]d 87 § 7 (< Rawl. 81a38 ) = Cóir Anm. 118 .

ethar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ethar or dil.ie/20840
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: ethar

n m. IGT, Decl. § 17 . A boat, ferry-boat: ethar (gl. stlata) Sg. 35a1 . ethor... .i. ethaid o ur co hor na haba, Corm. Y 528 . eathar .i. artrach iomchair, O'Cl. mo rī... | ro fallnai in n-ethar ndermar (i.e. the Ark) SR 2629 . ethur bis oc imorcor a purt i port, Laws i 126.1 . iii 208.6 . conid ethair imma-rá, LU 2990 . a ethar do imrom innagid na Bóinde, Trip. 66.17 = Todd Lect. v 37.5 . snaidid ethra, LU 2962 . nach n-ethar rotn-ainic nocho ternoi ass, Ériu ii 112.16 . táinic an Cele Dé don ḟairrcce andes cen ethar idir, AFM i 418.1 . dodechaid C... | anair a n-ethar tar muir, Lism. L. p. 310.30 = Keat. iii 1365 . doraga Lindmaine tar Liethmuine... | cuingid bela, trascraid omna, denaid ethra, O'Mulc. 809 . lucht aenethair the crew of one vessel AFM i 354.6 . i luing no [i] n-ethar for uisci, Laws iii 532.14 Comm. , Keat. ii 487 . Ó D. do tionol ethar ┐ bhád for Loch Eirne, AFM iii 416 x . ro theichedh...reimhe i n-eathraibh, TFrag. 162 . ag stiúir a n-eathar, Hackett xlii 91 . Of female genitalia : as mar sin d'ethar na mna, | cuma le cia nos mela, RC vi 185.3 . COMPDS. ethar-bát: tangattar...i n-etharbhátt bhiucc i ttír, AFM v 1860.17 . ¤binn: bidh ard Albain eatharbhinn 'Scotland of melodious boats will be exalted' PBerchán § 136 . ¤char: Uar Etharchar, Dinds. § 128 . ¤glan of bright vessels: otha an Espain n-ethargloin, Leb. Gab.(i) i 272.9 . ¤rot of swift (?) boats: a ráith eathar-rod, 23 L 17, 62b = Ir. Monthly 1920, 539 (to an island fortress).

for-gella

Cite this: eDIL s.v. for-gella or dil.ie/23663
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: forgellim, fortgillim, -fuirgle, -foirgla, fort-gellat, faridgellad, forrugéll, forrogelsam, forgell, fotroirgell, fortroirgeall, for-ar-forgaillset, forgl-, foirgl-, forglim, forgles, nodforglem, forglit, rosforgaill, roforglestar, fortgellat, fortgillim

v ā Pres. 1 s. forgellim, Sg. 21b12 . fortgillim, Wb. 4b27 . 3 s. -fuirgle, -foirgla, Bürgschaft 21 § 62 . 3 pl. fort-gellat, Ml. 23c15 . past subj. 3 s. faridgellad, 131d12 (for the infixes in these see GOI § 423 ). Perf. 3 s. forrugéll, Ml. 97a12 . 1 pl. forrogelsam ni, Wb. 25d20 . Vn. forgell (forcell). 3 s. perf. fotroirgell, SR 3385 , Corm. Y 756 , is due to false analysis; cf. fortroirgeall, Ériu xiii 30.10 - 11 (see Thurn., GOI § 529 ). for-ar-forgaillset, PH 3305 . seems reduplication of preverb. In Mid. Ir. commonly treated as simple vb., stem forgl-, foirgl-: pres. 1 s. forglim LU 10271 .3 s. rel. forgles, Stair Nic. 80.15 . 1 pl. nodforglem, LL 164a15 ; 3 pl. forglit, Stair Nic. 80.16 . perf. 3 s. rosforgaill 45b4 ; roforglestar, Cog. 180.21 .

(a) gives superior testimony; testifies, attests, passing into sense avers, affirms: gl. contestare Ml. 97a12 . perhibere Sg. 21b12 . foirglidís .i. do mhionnaighdís, O'Cl. a forcell forrogelsamni dúib di laithiu brátho, Wb. 25d20 . nimthogaitha mo chocubus ar is in spirut noíb fortgillim (gl. testimonium mihi perhibente conscientia mea in spiritu sancto) 4b27 . ni fuirgle nech ... ni nād āirithe (.i. nocha forglithi do neoch ... in ni nach deimin lais), Laws i 84.11 (22) = H 3.17, 401 (forgle). nach inraic nach fiadnaisi nad fuirgle fir for naimde na [c]airde, Bürgschaft p. 21 § 62 . nach inraic nach fiadnaise nad foirgla ib. ni forgli ní nat accai thou shalt not attest what thou hast not seen Ériu ii 227.24 . ni rig tuath nand[ḟ]orgella tri rig do rigaib tuaithi who does not oversway three local kings Laws v 50.12 Comm. [aire] forgill fortgella for gradha `whose testimony is superior to' BCrólige § 46 . in scriptúir ... forgles in gním n-uasal, Stair Nic. 80.15 . ro forgellsat fiad cach thur: is fír forstā Lucifur SR 1839 . foircclit an lucht as eolach co fuil ..., Cog. 90.27 . Common in adducing confirmatory evidence: amal fortgella sin in fáith co n-epert ..., PH 4007 . amal fortgella in scriptúir ..., co n-apair ..., 4054 . amar fhorglit na faibli guacha, TTebe 785 . In cheville: foirglim feacht, BNnÉ 254 § 211 . With petrified infixed 3 s. pron. ( GOI § 423 ): fortgellat a gnimai ... nad ndergini som a n-uile sin his deeds attest Ml. 23c15 . fortgellam cech ndūis ... ar n-idain we pledge every treasure that we are innocent SR 3581 . tri mairb fortgellat for biu three dead [inanimate] that bear witness against the live Triads 138 . fortgillim, Fél. Ep. 145, 167 . Declares (an intention, etc.), vows: forrogellsat ... no ragtais i tír nEgept, SR 6774 . fotroirgell ... nā gēbad ... ētach nā hōr , 3385 . roforgill Niall nā gēbhadh ... acht bás Eachdach ind, ZCP xiv 214.3 . fotroirgell [Patraic] a briathar nā bad ..., Corm. Y 756 = roforgell nā bud, Thr. Ir. Gl. 25 .

(b) With pers. obj. calls to witness, invokes: intan fortgella in ri | in ri aile nat aicci (i.e. prays to God), Ériu v 240 . Pátric fortgella cech rí `whom every king invokes' Metr. Dinds. iv 158 ; quoted by O'Cl. s.v. foirtghealla, with gl. .i. do ní fiadhnaisi ar gach rígh. fortgellaimm Dia ┐ Barre, MacCongl. 27.4 .

(c) with FOR of pers., enjoins, commands: co forcled for cách a n-adrad, PH 968 . ro forcaill forro diciunn a saeirsi ... do chaithim fris, Marco P. 17 .

See also forglide, forglithi.

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