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ainsic

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ainsic or dil.ie/1530
Last Revised: 2019

adj (cf. 1 secc). Epithet of a cauldron (coire) variously explained by glossators: caire a.¤ .i. an-aisic .i. īarsinni aisices a dliged do gach ae. nō an-scuithe .i. neamscuithe .i. gan toichned dogrēs, Corm. Y 361 . caire ansíc .i. an 'gá diultad conach siccus tirimm he acht a beith bithḟliuch dogrés, O'Dav. 321 . briuguid ... oca mbí caire ansic 'who has a cauldron which is never dry', QML xiii 4 § 4 . Glossed: .i. caire dlegar do beth for tine do gres ar cind cach tascuir dodainic, Laws i 48.6 Comm. briugu leiteac . . . coiri ainsicc lais, v 78.8 .i. coir[e] aigi as aiscend a dliged do cach, 11 Comm. caire ainsicean . . . .i. caire no aisicead a cuid choir do gach en, MR 50.21 . cori asicain (ansicain v.l.) no ainsirc (leg. ainsicc), IT iii 187 § 8 = coiri aisic, § 9.

1 airches

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 airches or dil.ie/1704

Forms: aircheist, airchess, airceist, airrcis, airrcheisd, airchisse, airrceis, airrc[h]eist, aircéssa, arrchesaib

n f. Also aircheist. n s. airchess, Metr. Dinds. iv 122.25 . airceist, ML 162.8 . a s. airrcis, Dinds. 93 . airrcheisd, ALC i 384.y . g s. airchisse, ZCP viii 310.38 . d s. airrceis, LU 1354 . airrc[h]eist, Ériu xi 48.29 . a p. aircéssa, Alex. 863 . d p. arrchesaib, H 3.18 541a10 . For unlenited c in Mod. Ir. see Duan. F. Gloss . (aircisid). See also Vendr. Lex., Lochlann ii 209 and Ériu xix 111 .

(a) act of trapping; trap, snare: arc[h]es .i. ab arceo .i. ōn c[h]umgach .i. īarsinnī doimairg innī tēit ind (innte v.l.), Corm. Y 15 . caite deochuir itir seilg fiadach ┐ airnelaib ┐ airrchesaib . . . sealg .i. for aighib, fiadach for milaip muighib, ┐ airrchesaib for mucaib allta ┐ arnelai for enaib, H 3.18, 541a10 ( Auraic. 113 ). is e cétna ro indlestar airrcis ┐ cuithig ar tús i nErind, Dinds. 93 ( RC xvi 44.7 ). do a.¤ AR to entrap, ambush: doluid side do hairchis ar fiadrad, ZCP viii 310.39 . doluidh C. . . . d'airrc[h]eist ar Lomma gur marbsat hé C. went to ambush L., Ériu xi 48.29 . ba himhecal leis D. . . . do airrceiss for a chind that D. would lay a trap for him, RC xx 52.24 .

(b) encounter, meeting: dá ndiultadh m'oirchis-se, DDána 11.30 . T. do ghabhail go holc leis na Saxanachaib tareis arrcisse do chur air ┐ a thiachtain 'n-a ceann leis an arrcis sin safe conduct, appointment for a meeting(?), AU iii 602.20 . do-beir a.¤ AR encounters, engages: adcuas do mac F. . . . innsin go ttucc airrchis orra (= tuc airrcheisd, ALC i 384.y . arrchest, Ann. Conn. 1249.5 ) `marched to meet them', AFM iii 332.16 . tuc Muiredach . . . aircis ar tossach na tren-sluag, Celt. Rev. iv 212.5 . ag tabairt aircissi ar anam a fir posda fen meeting her husband's soul, BCC 228.11 . minic dorad ingean óg / airchis ar neach a n-allód `put her spells', Miscell. Celt. Soc. 410.24 . téit (or other vb. of motion) i n-a.¤ X goes to meet x; pursues x: do luid . . . a Tracia i nairchis a muintiri, Laws i 22.1 Comm. tainicc ina n-airrcis . . . dochum an puirt, BNnÉ 70 § 118 . eirgitt uile 'na n-airrceis they rise and go to meet them, 269 § 240. do chúaid ind airrcis A., ITS xvi 60.29 . rith sé ina airicis, GJ vii 108a5 . adubairt ris mo long do tabairt i m'aircis go cúan Cuili `to meet me', Celt. Rev. iv 10.23 . ro chingseat . . . hi ccoinne ┐ hi ccert airrcis an tslua[i]gh, AFM iv 1214.13 . do cuaidh in airchis na ccreach go ttarla na ccenn é `in pursuit of', AFM iii 452.21 . tángatar tromsluagh Tuadmuman gu tindesnach na taobairrchist `in vehement pursuit' Caithr. Thoirdh. 90.9 .

(c) Gramm. in phr. innscne airchisi i.e. a conjugated prep. differing in gender from the noun to which it refers when separated from it by other words: ata conchlann gan úidh air / fá comthrom lúidh is lámhuigh, lochdach munab cóir d'innscni airchisi (the difficulty is apparently that `air' refers to `conchlann' which is fem.), IGT Decl. ex. 530 . fúair coma nach creite a méd / ní ḟéd dola seici súd, lochtach acht munab cóir d'innscne airchisi (here f. seici refers to m. coma), ex. 234 .

aisnéitech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aisnéitech or dil.ie/2508

n (cf. as-indet) narrator: angeli in nomad grad .i. aisnetig iarsinní aisnedit toil Dé, PH 6254 .

amus

Cite this: eDIL s.v. amus or dil.ie/3234

Forms: amhus, amsa

n o, m. amhus m. (g s. and n p. -uis), IGT Decl. § 17 . a p. amsa, AFM iii 290.20 .

Hireling, servant, attendant: amos .i. am-ḟos īarsinnī nāt gaib fos, sed de loco ad locum .i. ō luc .i. ō t[h]igerna dialailiu, Corm. Y 12 . na n-a.¤ gl. satilitum, Goid. 69.5 . amuis ríg a king's attendants, Críth G. 577 . cía lín di amsaib as choir do ríg?, 582 . a dhair ┐ a dhicinn ┐ a amhais, O'Curry 2500 ( Eg. 88, 40(41)d ). aicde amhus .i. ni hinaitire ┐ ni hinraith, 509 (H 3.18, 258). in t-a.¤ dona fes mathair nó athair, Ériu xii 144.4 (TE2). amhus no rechtaire, BCrólige 22 gl. 5 . a riocht amhois dorīacht Tadhg, ZCP viii 223 § 15 . asbert Feradach ní thibred a ingen do a.¤ , LL 287b2 . otá a.¤ co roich ríg, 204a35 . in tech mór milib a.¤ , 3549 . ? grengsait Laigniu laichaib d'amsaib / assa tírib, 4965 . a trí (sc. dath) i n-éadach an amhais, Keat. ii 1918 . cruadh-dháil na n-amhus crudelitas ministrantium, TSh. 6385 . aon amhus do rachadh im íolchruthaibh (of a poet), Hackett xx 10 . As abusive epithet: a amais anuasail ┐ a muidh modurdha `hireling', ZCP vi 282.10 . amhus `a reprobate' (of an unscrupulous administrator), O'Rah. xvii § 26 . a.¤ aen-tigi indoor or resident servant, Laws v 72.25 Comm. a.¤ ruin no raid no imacallma confidential servant, 24 Comm. , 74.13 Comm. See also under airéirge, 1 ben compds., coímthecht, coinnmed, 1 fer compds., mías, ríg-, 1 taithigid.

In special sense of hired soldier, mercenary: a Goill 's a amais imdha, ZCP viii 226 § 18 . amais ana imglici co laignib, Alex. 3 . imut Fiann imut amhus, ZCP xi 44 § 61 . iter . . . amsu ┐ anrada, CCath. 4531 . rucsat . . . amhsa righ Muman fair, AFM ii 946.13 . bró amhus, IGT Decl. ex. 598 .

Possibly collect. in following: a.¤ urrud . . . a.¤ deorad native hirelings, hirelings from outside the territory , Laws v 74.1 Comm. torchratar a n-a.¤ imdegla `household guard', Fianaig. 92.28 . thusa ┐ do mhuinntir: sgol amhas, ucairí, ghresuidhthe, etc., Luc. Fid. 5031 .

blichtmar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. blichtmar or dil.ie/6144

Forms: blechtmar

adj o, ā (1 blicht) also blechtmar. yielding milk; fruitful: iarsinní is blicht[m]ur i mmi gaim .i. i ngamrid, Corm. 23. bainleómhan bliochtmar `in suck', Ériu v 168.96 . Fig. (in elegy on a priest) eagnuidhe socair . . . / bríoghmhar bleachtmhar basgheal dáilteach `fruitful', O'Rah. 164.2. Superl. as é seo am is seasga na ba ┐ is bleachtmhuire na sróna, Ceisneamh Inghine Guil, cited Contribb. 227 (see Hib. Min. 66.14 cited s. 2 blicht).

1 bricht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 bricht or dil.ie/6810
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: brechta

n [u], m. Cf. brigaid. Not always dist. from brecht (partic. in metrical applications). bricht (drúadh) m. g s., n p. brechta, IGT Decl. § 71. incantation, charm, magic spell: in b.¤ gl. carmen, Ml. 76a21 . b.¤ .i. epaid, Auraic. 4540. briocht .i. dráoidheacht, O'Cl. dichan brichtu din forsan crand sin, Corm. 32. b.¤ ┐ bacc is bachall, 6 . tria brichtu ┐ dicetla ┐ cantana, Dinds. 18. fithnaise F. ┐ brechtai B., LU 10776 (TE). docechain brictu furri, Dinds. 113. focheirt bricht fair 'casts a spell upon it', RC xxvi 12 § 8 . tria derbairde brechta do denum doib, Aen. 1494. Of weapons, etc.: iar cor dó brechta hi fáebur in bélae, LU p. 272 note a. ic cor breachta neme inti (sc. a stone for use as missile ), RC xliii 84.3 . dina brechtaib cumachtaibh sain na n-arm, ZCP xxx 127.3 . Various: ba b.¤ bladmass (of a victorious expedition), Bruchst. i 6 § 3 , IT iii 40 § 36. (of fascinating beauty) briocht sorche, ZCP xiv 218.12 .

With qual. gen.: fri brichtu ban, Thes. ii 357.8 (Patrick's Hy.). dim láim rígdai brechtaib (brectu, v.l.) ban mberar, Echtrae Chonnlai 122 § 6 . focheird b. comga a protective spell, 6404 . breachta diablaidhechta, Fl. Earls 132.26 . a recht conscéra brichta drúad, LU 10035. brechta druidechta, 4028 ( SCC 48 ). b.¤ drúadh aga dídean (a country), IGT Decl. ex. 1542. toingidsum luigi fo b.¤ nimide (leg. nimi de ?), O'Curry 735 (H. 3.18, 352). b.¤ serce a n-urlabra an ḟir, Prolegomena 45 § 26 . sianargan (see Gloss.) in brechta sídhe, Acall. 3482. baindia an bhreachta shíothchána (of Cupid), DDána 78.9 . b.¤ suain, RC xxiii 420 § 36. a gnúis bhláith go mbriocht toile `with love-charm', Studies 1921 , 589 § 9 .

Metr. octosyllable, (a group of) eight syllables as a metrical unit (see Murphy Metrics 27 , IT iii 130 ; Lochlann ii 51 ; EIS 208 ): b.¤ .i. bri ocht .i. ocht mbriathra and, no b.¤ iarsinni brigtair ocht sillaba and, Auraic. 1427 - 8 . ótá dialt cotrici brict, IT iii 20 § 59. brict . . .: tech duind damaig, dun coṅgaile, etc., 22 § 66 ( Murphy Metrics, 60 § 43 ). b.¤ int ochtmad deach. forinní brígther. ar is de dogníther nath, Corm. 17. brechta remitiagat felessa ann dogres the lines of eight syllables precede the lines of four syllables in it (sc. dechnad brechtḟelesach) always, IT iii 40 § 37. (name of metre) b.¤ nathrach Nede, 103 § 193 . nath dēbrechta—nath sēbrechta n. with two lines—n. with six lines (Meyer), Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 24 § 1 - 25 § 4 , IT iii 39 § 31.

Compds. With nouns. suan re bás brichtbodba (sic leg.), MR 170.8 . brichtscribhenna briste catha `spell-writings that win battles', CCath. 5329. With adj. earlamh . . . briochtghlan, bennuighthe ` radiant ', BNnÉ 155 § 1 . With adjj. derived from nouns. claideb . . . breachtfaebrach a éo, IT iii 199 § 59. (in name of metre) dechnaid mbrechtfelessach with lines of eight and four syllables, 40 § 47 . 6 § 5 . With part. co minnaib . . . bricht-rinnta . . . ar foradh gacha flatha `diadems adorned with magic scrolls', Celt. Rev. ii 208.22 .

brigaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. brigaid or dil.ie/6815
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: brigriu, bricht

v (perhaps brígaid from bríg. cf. rob [ḟ]ír fírthar, rob bríg brígther, Ériu xvi 66.14. But rhyming examples are lacking (but see Celtica xxiii 172 )) expld. as shows; asserts, declares; adjudges; respects; proves, verifies, confirms (= confirmare): brigh .i. foillsiugh, ut est ro bo bith-buaghlach bailedhach buadhartha brighaid sencha[ide] .i. robo buadartha in[n]í brighit na senchaidhi ┐ na mór cineoil .i. foillsighitt, O'Dav. 297. brighther .i. raiter no brithemnaigther, ut est crolí bais brighther do cach iarna miadh, 268 . brioghtar mesge. i mblechtaibh damh, Ériu xiii 41.7 = brigther .i. airmitnighther . . . brigther meisce mlechtaib dam `drunkenness is respected in the potations of parties', O'Dav. 247 , O'Curry 2757 ( Eg. 88, 81a ). bricht int ochtmad deach. forinní brígther, Corm. 17. 18 . bricht iarsinni brigtair ocht sillaba and `because eight syllables are shown there', Auraic. 1428. do adhaltrachaib in betha brighaidh (brighaibh, v.l.) Sen senbrethaib `that S. declares', O'Dav. 121 (cf. Laws iv 370.2 ). brīg dō ri cāch brēthir announce . . . the word, ZCP xi 80 § 4. brigfaidh Andcrist proicept sulbair `wird . . . kund tun', Snedg. u. Mac R 12 § 59. brigaiss I. im[ma] thūaith / tríchait catha fri cech ríg `launched' (declared ?), Hail Brigit 22 . na briguid briathra sceó laidib rígnaib for bronnaib (rhet.), LU 6635 = brigriu, TBC-I¹ 2095. brigtair laidi in tres laechrann / fri dos deimin derbtair máil, IT iii 64 § 131. breg do brea brigbrechtaibh / brigtar broine bri (bronni brú, v.l.), 35 § 15. in bar brigas buaid, BB 380b19 . C. . . . / brīgus būaid brīathargloin / parrdus do blāth, Arch. iii 219 § 1. Legal (see also O'Dav. cited supra): bri[g]thur a faithcib fir fuighill .i. firenuighter fuigell uime ona féinibh, Laws ii 12.1 , 3 Comm. a belibh batha brighther gach forgell, O'Curry 1744 ( 23 Q 6, 31 ) = confirmatam est testamendtum in morte, 1743 . do sui dia bal brighthar iar firinne fath .i. . . . firenather, 2408 ( Eg. 88, 32 ). dosli dia buna brighthar `he incurs a fine, on whose family it (the crime) is proved', Laws iii 408.12 . brigter airer erenar / i cnocbeim col, 536.16 Comm. gach lugha leir brigtar saorcoraib dia nderbaib diubartaib manub duine-orgain no nach col coiclithar, O'D. 794 (H. 3.17, 570). acht ma sruithe beo rob bidbanus brigter deiliudha datha, 2202 (Nero A vii, 140b).

Note also: brigais beand siuil .i. ro broghastair no ro brighasdair benn bruit siuil ar an slait siuil hoisted (?), Nat. Lib. G 30, 110.22 (difft. vb.?) `displayed ', Ériu xxiv 14.

Vn. bricht, Wortk. 35. See also O'Dav. 121.

cantaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cantaid or dil.ie/8170

n [i, m.] (cf. canaid): a ainm in chano a ch.¤ , ZCP iii 224 § 12 n. 3 . cana . . . .i. c.¤ iarsinní chanas córus a cherdi, Thr. Ir. Gl. 11.4 . See cáinte.

dásachtach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dásachtach or dil.ie/14714
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: dásachtaig, dásachtaid, dásachtaig, dásachtaid, dásachtaig, dássactig, dásachtacha, dasachtaich, dásachtacha, -dásachtchu, dásachtach, dian-d., er-dásachtach

adj o, ā (dásacht). g s. m. dásachtaig, dásachtaid, Laws i 44. 1 f.b. ; 268. 3 . a s. f. dásachtaig, Laws ii 406. 20 ; dásachtaid, 356. 28 . d s. f. dásachtaig, LL 189a6 . n pl. m. dássactig Wb. 12 d 36 (adj.) ; Laws iii 10. 18 (subst.). dásachtacha ML 138. 32 . PH 1820 (adj.). voc. pl. dasachtaich, Wb. 19 b 3 . d pl. and du. dásachtacha (adj.) LU 80 a 32 . MR 226. 7 .—COMP. -dásachtchu, Ml. 60 b 2 . ADV. co dásachtach. —It translates Lat. insanus, insensatus.

I Mad, insane . nonne dicent quod insanitis, gl. ished asbérat it dássactig in dóine hísiu, Wb. 12 d 36 . O insensati Galatae, gl. dasachtaich, Wb. 19 b 3 . óir tairrngidh sé go dásachtach like a madman Bedel 2 Kings ix 20 . — mad, abnormally furious, rabid : dam dásachtach a mad (furious) bull, a mad stag, tarb dásachtach a mad bull. is andsin imidrubart forsin sluag amail rotharb ndasachtach dia tabar drochbéim, Ériu v 240 l. 149 . tanic Achil fó ṡluag na Moesiánda amal tarb nd.¤ (ndasachacht, MS) dia t. d., TTr. 729 . romgebsea ferg iarsin ┐ dongní daṁ dassachtach dím, BB 454 b 38 . trí caoga daṁ d.¤ , ITS vii 15. 10 . Transf. maic Feidilmid daim dasachtaich, Rawl. 152 a 33 . bó dásachtach a rabid cow: bennachais in mboin ndasachtaig ┐ ba cennuis iarsin amal chæirig, Lism. L. 100 . Three Hom. 8. 26 . ech dásachtach a mad horse, a fierce horse: for dá nechaib diana dremna dásachtacha LU 80 a 32 . METAPH. is truagh an daille ┐ an dorchadas doiléir dásachtach...thig don ṁeasgán ṁearbhaill úd (i.e. do choir na drúise), TSh. 154. 3 .

Subst. (a) dásachtach o, m. A madman, lunatic, one possessed by a demon, one upon whom the dlaí fulla has been thrown; a werewolf (?) CMCS xii 16 ( dásachtach .i. fo tabar dlái fulla, Laws ii 46. 3 ; iii 12. 3 ) ; translating Lat. insanus and often connected with such words as bailedach, 1 báeth, 1 dochonn, 2 drúth, mer, óinmit. cuibrech dasachtaid securing a madman Laws i 268. 3 . ní bí in dásachtach fri æicṅdach (sic leg.) ar ní irmadadar, Wb. 28 a 21 . ní gaibther athgabáil drúith ná dásachtaidh ná oin ná oinmiti ná haimbil, Laws ii 44. 1 f.b. lánamnas genaig mer nó dasachtach fri drúth nó dásachtaig, ib. 406. 19 . lánamnus genaige .i. doníther tre gen og mear nó dasachtach fri drúith nó dasachtaid, 356. 28 . báith bailedaig drúith dochuinn dasachtaig, iii 10. 18 . boí dásachtach isin tsléib nooirced na cuitechta quidam insanus Lism. L. 1528 . Todd Lect. v 80. 2 . Also of animals.—(b) dásachtach ā, f. A madwoman, a female lunatic : frí dasachtaig, -aid, Laws ii 406. 20 ; 356. 28 , v. above. cethrar do dháinib galair...duine abrachtach ┐ dásachtach ┐ dall ┐ clam, Todd Lect. v 26. 6 . Lism. L. 1440 quattuor aegrotae ...energumena. roinaitcestar spirut deamnata i naraile sruthmáthair...rogab in dasachtach sin for taircetal, CCath. 1060 . —A mad cow, a cow possessed by a demon: dástaigther immon ṁboin co romarb .v. bú aile .i. demon dochuaid inti. dodiussaig som dano na bú ┐ ícais in ndássachtaig, Trip. 12. 29 .

II Transf. of one who behaves like a lunatic, a wildly foolish or imprudent person; emphasised ér-dásachtach ; translating Lat. amens: sed nequaquam eritis tam amentes ut, &c. , gl. .i. ǽrdasachtaig, Ml. 18 a 13 . a Ner lái uait na dóine dásachtacha so put away from you these fools (viz. Peter and Paul) PH 1820 . atbar dásachtaig fén iarsinni nat bí do réir Dé, LB 212 a 10 .

III Beside oneself with anger, furious, violent; dreaman .i. dasachtach, Stowe Gl. 110 . Dauid dian dássachtach, SR 5890 . in duine dian d.¤ , ib. 6236 . dásachtach (dásacht MS) borb díscir deanacht garb fíochṁar allta, Eg. Gl. 216 . ag dianasgnaṁ dona dúrṡlógaibh dásachtacha dochum Doṁnaill, MR 226. 7 . rachoṁḟaicsigsetar cách dá chéile co díchéill ┐ co d.¤ , TTr. 594 . echlach side diandreman d.¤ dona dígair debthach, YBL 177 a 9 . badb díscir dian denmnetach d.¤ dúr duabsech, Cog. 174. 7 ; ib. 158. 9 . trí deichneabhair dhiana dhásachtacha dhá ḟóirithin, ML 138. 32 . is borb dásachtach aneolach cech duine ón gentligecht, PH 720 . a dhuine buirb dasachtaidh, Lib. Flav. 17 b 1. 8 . dá lenṁoin go díscir d.¤ , 23 E 26 p. 286. 27 . dám d.¤ , RC xxii 45. 4 (probably subst.). METAPH. violent, vigorous, uninhibited : co creitt uraird dírig drésachtaich dasachtaigh, LL 189 a 6 (descr. of Cuchulainn's chariot). abhann dhíansrothach dhásachtach 'swift and intensely flowing river', Bardic Miscellany 653 , Ériu lix 2 . dá folmuigthear an t-othur co dásachtach 'if the patient is violently purged', RSláinte iii 152 . do gherr a chos, agus do theilg fuil go dásachtach 'cut his foot so that blood flowed freely', ITS xvi 42.2 . air na bhrosdughadh ┐ air na ghríosughadh le tuile dhásachtaig an drochṡompla, Donlevy xviii 23 .

IV In a good sense: filled with enthusiasm, spirited : urduil ind éin déin dásachtaigh risi ráiter in dreollan, ZCP vi 284. 22 . ro dúiscceadh leō damhradh dhearg-ruadha dhásachtacha, Acall. (Leabh. ó Laimhsgr.) ii 9.15 . ro ghluaiseadar go dāsachtach dían obann isin áth, Acall. (Leabh. ó Laimhsgr.) ii 154.23 .

V má thig duine go dásachtach ara choṁarsain dá ṁarbhadh le ceilg, Bedel Exodus xxi 14 =de industria. dásachdach presumptuous, Lhuyd.

COMPS.: dian-d.¤ , er-dásachtach.

Obs., but given in most mod. Ir. and Sc. dict.

VI: For the phr. derg dásachtach, see derg​.

díbad,

Cite this: eDIL s.v. díbad, or dil.ie/15990
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: dibad, dibada, dibaid, Dibaid

n o, m. (see GOI § 728 ).

I

(a) destruction, extinction, quenching: do d.¤ tuath i traiti, SR 6769 . na dernai in firfhlaith . . . | ar nd.¤ ar lándilgenn (Adam loq.), 1548 . dibud (díbad, LB) soillsi .i. caindle, Corm. Y 827 . cen díth cen d.¤ , FA § 35 . im d.¤ a deirci for destroying his eye, MR 110.7 . fáthi cen d.¤ prophets without extinction, Hy. i 44 . d.¤ ngua, SG 253.27 . do dibad na tol collaide, PH 3541 . is si sualaich soerbad do dibuth inna ndualcha-sa, Ériu vii 138 . in tene cen dibad the inextinguishable (?) fire, LL 150a24 . atnaigit na sluaigh ac dibud na tenteadh, Aen. 1182 . coraigis comlaidh . . . for in tipraid dia d.¤ (bádod, LL), BB 396b38 . do d.¤ a gaile isin sruth to quench his ardour, Dinds. 102 (RC xvi). iar ndíobadh á airm annsin when his weapons were destroyed, CRR² p. 72 . cach nós co d.¤ till it becomes extinct, ACL iii 228 . dochuaid a senchus a nd.¤ ac na farrsaigib grecda, Lec. 536a4 . rath Eirenn fo deired acco gan dibaid , Acall. 7839 (leg. dibad). dibada (metri causa), Lec. 534b1 . do díobadh do mharbadh ┐ do sgrios cumhacht an phobail, Esther viii 18 . Note also: nár sguab gaoth díobhadh (leg. as compd.?) a ttosach geimhre oiread ar teasgadh d'foltaibh . . . do cheannaibh cura hurricane (?), CF 827 (Eg.). Attrib. g s. rodasbate plag dibaid | dosrat fo cach tromdigail, SR 5279 .

(b) dying without male issue: dligid cach gūbrethach garsécli ┐ d.¤ , ZCP xi 84 § 34h . leth norba an athar dia íngin iar nd.¤ , Laws iv 46.20 . dibath .i. adhbul-bás .i. iarsinní na facuib nech dia éis, H 3.18, 68 col. 3 (quoted Corm. Tr. p. 61 ). ? As pred. Síl mBarrfhind is d.¤ , Rawl. 129a11 ; cf. LL 339b3 (= 2 díbaid below?).

(c) Hence in wider sense becoming extinct, death, extinction: fo dibath .i. maith a epiltiu, ACC 31 (RC xx). doiligh díobhadh na géige sorrowful is the extinction of the branch (of a family), Keat. Poems 1097 . mac iar d.¤ a athar, Rawl. 13a8 . dibad ro dibastar in maithir the mother has died, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 139.6 . iar ndibud na híngine, Laws iv 40.23 . d.¤ a uilc, RC xxxvii 349 § 80 . tuc dilgudh damh ria ndibhud iter daoinibh, § 85 . diobhadh .i. bás, O'Cl. d.¤ ar búaib bái ria lind, Metr. Dinds. iii 42 . is airi adberthai Breasal Bodibad ris .i. d.¤ ar buaib bai na remis, Lec. 587b23 . See bó-díbad. bech-díbaid mortality of bees , AU 950 .

II Property of a deceased person; inheritance, legacy (see Laws Gl. and Stud. in E. Ir. Law 181 ): is amlaid raindfidir cach d.¤ co brath .i. trian don eclais ┐ trian don fhlaith ┐ trian don fhine, YBL 123a21 . cinnas no roinnfitis chrao ┐ d.¤ . . . roinn crói ┐ dībaid, Ériu i 214 . nocha beir ind fingalach d.¤ , 126 . roinn fodeiligtir in d.¤ itir na teora fine, Laws iv 42.13 . trian dibaid ┐ ceandathe na marb, iii 28.z . is rig ┐ eclas ┐ fine a neiric ┐ a nd.¤ (of lunatics united in wedlock) their eric and effects go to the king . . ., ii 406 . ferann dibaid, O'D. 2405 ( Rawl. B 506, 51b ). tir dibaid inherited land , Cóic Con. 42 § 65 . ate rogabsat d.¤ a nErna Muman, Ériu vi 137.98 . ba dibad for dubach it was (leaving) an inheritance to a glum man, MacCongl. 71.24 . ic roind in fhuidb ┐ in díbaid Persecda, Alex. 377 . Hence in general sense assets: ní rir macc Dē ar d.¤ (.i. ar indbas), Hy. v 6 . nī chiūir ní cossēna ind nóeb d.¤ bethad cé (.i. indbas), 22 . ` land, immovable property, a legacy ', O'Don. Suppl. ? Cf. an tres gan diobhaidh abb Comhghaill (`without reproach'), AFM ii 962.13 .

III As n.pr. m. gen. tri meic Dibaid meic Doirci, Dinds. § 18 (RC xv). Carmun ben maic Díbaid déin, Metr. Dinds. iii 4.25 .

? Compd. ¤chéimm death-step: fri cach n-anmain ... dia roir Día a dibadceim isind adbai n-iffernaidi, Ériu ii 142 § 158 , but read dibad ceim 'to every ... soul to whom God has given destruction - (that is) going into the infernal habitation', TBith.² 225 § 103 .

? díḟoillsigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? díḟoillsigid or dil.ie/16257

ind (follus): sarafinem . . . is inand on ┐ ardentes .i. difolsigtech (-f- added below line), uair diḟoillsigit (dia foillsigit, H 2.15A p. 70 ) o grad ┐ o serc in choimdeg tria bithu sir, YBL 169b33 = ardentes diolesadaig, iarsinni diolsigit o sheirc in choimded, PH 6234 .

diolsigit

Cite this: eDIL s.v. diolsigit or dil.ie/16676

v saraphin . . . .i. ardentes diolesedaig, iarsinní diolsigit o sheirc in choimded, PH 6235 . See díḟoillsigid.

dliged

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dliged or dil.ie/17034
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: dlíged, dligeth, dleged, dligid, dligud, dliguth, ndliged, dligetha, dligeda, dliged, dliged, dligedaib, dligedib, dlige, dligid, dligid, dliged, dligetha, dligedaib

n o, n. n a s. dlíged, Wb. 10d16 , 19 . dligeth, Sg. 26b7 . dleged, Ml. 50d2 . g s. dligid, Wb. 3c7 , 13a29 . d s. dligud, 5d8 . Ml. 19d10 . Sg. 71a6 . dliguth, 26b7 . frisa ndliged , Wb. 23c11 . a pl. dligetha, Wb. 6a23 ; 13a29 . dligeda, Ml. 35b1 . dliged, 18c11 . g pl. dliged, 35b17 . d pl. dligedaib, Ml. 16b6 . dligedib, Sg. 193b6 . Later often dlige.

Charles-Edwards, Celtica xxiv 75-78 , proposes the following ordering for the O.Ir. senses: I (a) an individual’s entitlement, right. (i) a right in respect of fair contract as opposed to naidm ‘binding surety’. (ii) name of the second of the five paths to judgement chosen by a plaintiff who is the creditor in a contract, whereas the third path, cert, is chosen by someone arguing that the terms of a contract were unfair, Cóic Con. § 8-9 (R/E Recension) . (iii) Of the judicial settlement of a claim which follows upon the defendant’s decision to accept legal process, the right as upheld by a judicial verdict. Hence (iv) rightful state or condition. (b) (collectively) body of rights. (c) thing or action to which someone is entitled; debt, obligation. (d) g s. as attrib.: rightful. (e) As adverb: rightfully. II (Latin usage) (a) = ratio: (i) calculation (ii) argument (iii) reason (iv) grammatical process, mode or method of forming derived (v) rational order, intelligible structure (b) = sententia or dictum (sometimes ‘correct statement’ in contrast to toimtiu ‘wrong opinion’). (c) = intellectus . To which add (d) form: amal rochumtaig thall i céttustin na ndúl na curpu dermara den dligud nemaicside ┐ den dligud nemchorptha ro techtsat co hinchlithe intib na dúli dia ro tusmidea na cu[i]rp sin '… as He (God) had fashioned then in the primal creation of all the elements the vast bodies from the invisible form and from the incorporeal form which the elements out of which those bodies were generated possesed latent within them' Medium Ævum lxxviii 219 (LU 2598, Scéla na esérgi) .

I In O.Ir. Glosses in various senses of the Lat. ratio which it freq. glosses or translates ( Wb. 5d8 , cf. 24b21 , Ml. 19d1 , 27d7 , 54a4 , 111c17 , Sg. 40a7 , 61a9 , 63a9 , 75a1 , 181a8 , BCr. 3c ). Transl. ius, Ml. 98c8 , cf. Sg. 11b2 ; dictum, Ml. 35b1 . Acr. 6a1 . placitum ( maxim, rule ), Sg. 7b9 .

(a) In sense of Lat. ratio, guiding principle, law, or theory (regarded as basis of belief or action): iár ṅdligud hirisse gl. secundum rationem fidei, Wb. 5d8 . ni fel nech lasa mbed d.¤ remdeicsen do dechrugud etir maithi ┐ olcu, Ml. 19d2 . d.¤ buithe in boicht fo mam int sommai the principle that the poor should be under the yoke of the rich, 27d7 . ba nephimmaircide nad techtadsom d.¤ coimdemnachtae isnaib dulib doforsat gl. ut nihil iuris haberet in his quae ipse consederat, 17b6 . conna biad d.¤ n-erchissechta la dia gl. miserationis ius, 98c8 . ní coméicnigedar na d.¤ insin gl. nulla ratione cogente, Sg. 61a9 . ní chen d.¤ a nephdiall gl. non absque ratione non declinatur, 75a1 . do chloud in dligid sin view, theory, gl. ad huiusmodi depellendum errorem, Ml. 56b16 .

Hence (b) principle, rule, norm ; common in Sg. of laws of grammar, etc.: d.¤ lechtha .n. post .m. the law of the liquidation of n after m, Sg. 11b2 . d.¤ nihelsa rule of nullity, 14a2 . conforcmat d.¤ inna ṅdiuite so that they (components) preserve the law of uncompounded words, 21b4 . a nd.¤ cruthaigtheo genitensa this norm of forming the genitive, 113b3 . d.¤ rimae law of calculating, 181a8 . ised slánd.¤ salto, noichtiche col-leuth du árim i n-éscu the sound law of the leap (gl. salva ratione), BCr. 3c . dlighi gl. rhetorica, Ir. Gl. 87 .

(c) dictum, authoritative statement: ni ed a met demnigmi-ni ar ndligeda ho testimnib screptaire gl. dicta nostra, Ml. 35b1 . ní fail ní nád tái mo dligeth-sa fair (Priscian is the speaker), Sg. 26b7 . inna dligeda anúas roráitsem, Thes. ii 2.34 ( Acr. 6a1 ). dofuit im lín chéin d.¤ ndoraid, Thes. ii 293.21 (SP ii). atta ni forsatæt a nd.¤ sa which supports this statement (that David alone sang the psalms), Hib. Min. 5.149 . More loosely of a statement or saying in general: adrimfem . . . cech n-oin d.¤ fil in psalmis , Ml. 14d5 . trisna dligeda mrechtnichti inna aisndissen `varied expressions', 44d11 . 76a13 .

(d) reason, argument: n-armtar (sic leg.) condegdligedaib dia frithtuidecht with good reasons to oppose them gl. his obiectionibus . . . poterint armari, Ml. 16b6 . ata d.¤ ann there is reason for it, PH 5207 . ata ni do dligudh and, Anecd. ii 17.8 . in dligedchetil so gl. ratiocinationis, ZCP vii 480 ( Enchir. Aug. 71a ).

(e) reckoning, computation (?): intan as conguin dligid hua dligud ailiu `the violation of a reckoning by another reckoning' gl. de ratione (computation, referring to calendar), Sg. 181a8 .

(f) nature, condition, kind, manner: ní ó ógai tantum acht is . . . ó dligud lanamnasa the lawful state (?) of matrimony, Thes. ii 3.34 . is he sin dlige (leg. dliged) demin tresa tanic an imagin-se Crist . . . co Siria, PH 232 .

II Hence law in wide sense, of a prescript, code, or tradition based on authority of some kind and demanding obedience; `both law in general and a subjective legal right', Críth G. p. 84 . See also Cóic Con. 8 , Stud. in E. Ir. Law 13 , 16 . duni conái dligid (= dliged?) Dé, SR 449 . iar ndligud Dé, 4447 . dliged a n-ecailse, 4920 . iar ndliged rechta Moysi, PH 5110 . comedait d.¤ na fírinde diada, 4063 . iar ndligud chardessa no chondalbais according to the law of gossipred or relationship, RC xxv 248 . is do chóicid Connacht iar ndlighed roindi coicid in ferann sin according to the law of the division of a province (or in sense I (f) above ?), RC xxiv 186 . Esp. of civil law: ata i ndlige na fēine buachaill oc cach cethra it is (enacted) in the law of the F. that, Laws iv 96.22 . issed adeir dligedh this is what the law says, 48.9 Comm. dlighe frithe the legal regulations regarding waifs, v 336.9 Comm. fail lim d.¤ is damna, | senchas sliged sóer-Banba ` legal lore ', Metr. Dinds. iii 278 . ní mheasaim go bhfuil cine . . . is mó do bhiadh umhal do dhlighe ionáid Éireannaigh dá roinnti comhthrom an dhlighidh riú, Keat. iii 5751 . gur chumadar dlighthe . . . dhóibh féin contrárdha do dhlighthibh . . . na hanma, TSh. 2929 . reacht, dlighe, Eg. Gl. 520 . fear dlighidh lawyer , Hy Fiach. 50 . dochtúirí an dlighidh, Luke v 17 . dliged Canona, AU 1336 . saoi foircthe isin dá dhligheadh .i. ciuil ┐ canóin, Hy Fiach. 74 . ard maighistir dlighid nua ┐ sendlighidh hi lex ┐ canoin, ALC i 600.x = ardmhaighistir dlighidh nuifhiadnaisi ┐ shenreachta, AFM iii 526 . ? isin cet bliadin den dlegaid in the first year of the (penitential) rule (i.e. of my life as an incluse), MacCarthy 15 . Passing into sense of judgement or jurisdiction: (Michael) is e dobera d.¤ tar cend na noem ┐ na fhiren il-lou bratha, PH 6272 . lá an dlighidh (i.e. Doomsday ), A. Ó Dálaigh xxxv 6 . ro cuireadh dliccheadh fair go ro daoradh dochum báis, AFM vi 1906 . ina mbáoi fo dliccheadh ó Bhoinn co Comar all who were subject to the laws (of England), v 1730 . adubhairt nach rabhadur sin fa na ndlighe féin, Gadelica 234 ( PCT 1746 ). Cf. also: do bhreith fhiledh craoi Cuinn | do bhí a ndlighedh í Dhomhnaill subject to O'D. (?), Book of O'Conor Don 182b5 . In sense of abstract justice, right: fir ┐ d.¤ (sic leg.), cert ┐ techta, Cóic Con. 15 § 1 ( Laws i 258.19 ). intí tí a seilbh gan d.¤ unlawfully , iv 270.24 Comm. damad cinnte leis na demtha d.¤ do, 4.14 Comm. nírbo cam in d.¤ (of a just retribution), Corm. Y 698 . g s. as attrib.: a fer dligid her lawful husband, Wb. 3c7 . co cétmunteras dligid, Críth G. 339 . ma daime dáil ndligid dún, Ériu vii 227 § 64 .

III What is lawful or incumbent, duty, obligation . Cf. Ml. 54a4 : is d.¤ leu tabart inna fochaide foraib they deem it a law that (gl. ratione patientes). arna dich cách assa dligud i nadaltras lest everyone go out of his duty, Wb. 9d24 . d.¤ cach epscoip so (gl. cuius . . . opus est scire, etc.), RC viii 367 . is é d.¤ na mban beth i tāi, Anecd. v 23 n. 13 . Cf. further: ni bit i ndligud fri nech, ni bi nech a ndligudh friu they are indebted to nobody (?), Laws i 206.6 Comm. (or in meaning V?). As pred., is d.¤ (dom) it is right (for me), it is (my) duty: mar so is dligedh a radha .i. mui[n], etc. this is the right way to say it, Corm. Y 850 . is ed ba d.¤, fer grāid cecha chille, Ériu i 220 § 16 . BB 192a35 . is dligead duit an féar-sa do cur ar t'altaib, O'Gr. Cat. 294.27 . atáit ceithre féilti . . . ana dligeadh do parráisdeach tiacht chum eagailsi, 318.14 . adeir Ipocras gurab dligedh don liaigh beth co hinntleachtach (= oportet . . .), 23 P 10, 10a1 . Often in combination with dír: is dír ┐ is dlighedh duinn . . . briathra fíri do chantain, CCath. 630 . laidh . . . is dir ┐ is dligeadh d'éicsib d'aisnéis, MR 92.4 . g s. as pred.: ni dluig ┐ ni dligid duit-siu, MR 154.1 . as dior ┐ as dligid do, 264.11 . But in these two exx. perh. simply for dliged.

IV What is right or due (to someone); due, right, prerogative: dlíged sacairt i tempul a priest's right in the temple, Wb. 10d16 . dligetha gl. reddite omnibus debita, 6a23 . cid nodasóera? A ndéis a nd.¤ cach áe according to the legal right of each (of the grades of nobility), Críth G. 319 . fri d.¤ tuise claim to leadership, Cóic Con. 16 § 3 . sreth failsigthi na conaire fugill is d.¤ , 18 § 8 . ? tabair dam inad it churp | iarmo dliged, iarm' intliucht, SR 1154 . ? co n-indised a ndíre ┐ a nd.¤ doib, PH 824 . da n-ícat mo screpul-sa | is mo dlighed, Anecd. ii 34 . ma beith do uaisle ind fhir grāid . . . doformagar a dligid, Ériu i 220 § 15 . nico raga bairgen dot dligiud so you shall not lack a loaf of your due, Anecd. i 11 . caire ainsic . . . .i. iarsinni aisices a d.¤ do gach ae, Corm. Y 361 . With DO: ni gébed Ioseph nach fiach | óna tuathaib acht mad biad . . . dia dligiud (sic leg.: ciniud) do ríg Egept J. would not take any debt . . . of what was due to the king unless paid in provisions, SR 3392 . don laech ucud diar ba dlighed an smior who was entitled to the marrow, MR 70.11 . inní nach dligedh don Rígh . . . ná sír seek not aught that is not due to the king (?), ZCP vii 301 § 13 . In pl.: rofiadaiged ar grádaib ┐ dánaib ┐ dligedaib according to (their) rights (?), TBC-LL¹ 997 . ? ro ordaigh a cuit coir ar dāinib is ar dligedaib . . . do gach duni, Cog. 82 (possibly conditions , cf. I (f) above). Folld. by AR (FOR): asberit conad ferr a nd.¤ forsin righi annāi-si that their right to the realm is better than thine, Marco P. 54 .

V Due, tax, tribute: domeled Clothru dligeda Connacht the tribute of C. (?), LL 125a1 . ba cu comorbu Peaduir . . . teghedh cis ┐ d.¤ Erenn, Ériu vii 244.10 . tuctha císai ┐ dligedai o fheraib domain do rigu na Pers, Alex. 208 . ni thabrum císa na d.¤ do demnaib, 903 . dligheadha righ Ereann, AFM ii 662.13 . dlighe an mhuilinn do thabhairt don tighearna, TSh. 10074 .

VI Faculty of reason (an extension of I (d) above): dlighedh gl. ratio (distinguished from intellectus), Ir. Gl. 879 . ídail cen cheill cin d.¤ , PH 2520 . iar comairle a menman ┐ a dligid, 4745 . ó scrútán inmedonach a ndligid ┐ a n-intliuchta, RC xxv 248 § 28 (LU). amail betis dóine co ndligud aicenta iat (of foxes), LB 127a42 .

VII As vn. of dligid deserving: dia nderna nech . . . gnim gin dliged a oidedha dhe any deed not deserving of death, Marco P. 41 . dia marbthur nech do d.¤ bais (for an offence) deserving death, 51 .

do-eipen

Cite this: eDIL s.v. do-eipen or dil.ie/17533
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: doǽrbai, doreibi, doroeipe, doreipsead, doreibsit, doepenar, doepethar, doreped, durebead, terpad, teipid, teipide, teipe, doǽrbai

v (* to-ess-ben-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 462 ) Perf. 3 s. doǽrbai, Sg. 60b18 . Mid.Ir. doreibi, Lec. 338b29 . doroeipe, Auraic. 173 (v.l.). 3 pl. doreipsead, 213 . doreibsit, 2530 . Pass. pres. s. doepenar, BB 319b38 ( Auraic. 568 ). doepethar, Corm. Y 674 ; perf. doreped, BB 324a15 , durebead, 317a1 ; terpad, Ériu ii 108 § 22 . Later as simple vb. teipid. IGT Verbs § 68 . Part. teipide. Vn. teipe. See also terbaid.

(a) excises, cuts (out of, off): doǽrbai gl. concidit, Sg. 60b18 . teibid .i. beanait, Lec. Gl. 67 M . roteibed .i. do beanad, 210 . rotheip a méide assa muin, Metr. Dinds. iii 258 . roteiped Eua asa thóeb, MacCarthy iii 48 . go rotebisstur a cenn, RC xiv 452 . gelestar ainm do áth . . . ┐ doepethar gulbain (do-epetar gulba, LB) do cach ferand immid-mbi a bit is taken off each of the properties which it lies between, Corm. Y 674 . an as taiscide don cuicthi . . . doreped sund was curtailed, Laws i 236.z Comm. ropo toil Dé cecham-theirp 'may whatever cuts me off/separates me be God's will' Celtica xxiii 36 . Esp. cuts out, forms, fashions (out of a material, etc.) ri rothepi . . . asin chētadbar admas | talam tromm, SR 29 . rotheipi cech ndúil, 7869 . isin mais chruinn ildealbaig as terpad in domun, Ériu ii 108 (perh. to be referred to terbaid). amal comcumaisctis na gaetha . . . in ceathar duil . . . amal nobetis is in caip cumascda as ar-tebit ar tus as though they (the elements) were in the chaotic mass out of which they were originally formed, TTebe 3081 . taeb-omnai . . . iarsinni teipiter damna na focul eistib, Auraic. 414 = iarsani theibther, Lec. Gl. 216 . lín bérla as rotheip Gaedel Gaedilg out of which G. formed (culled) the Gaelic language, LL 2b20 = asar theib, BB 17a47 . in dā bērla sechtmogat . . . conid estib notebtis, BB 300b35 . rothepestar Foenius F. berla na ṅGoedel as na dib berlaib .lxx., Rawl. 70b15 . na tri sāidh doreipsead na berlu-sa, Auraic. 213 . is and doreibed in Gaedelg, 2482 . i mba fearr do cach berla . . . ised darepedh isinn Goedilc was chosen, 1055 . duepenar deminnsci a ferinnsci nō a baninnsci is made out of, 567 . Cf. bérla teipide, deime teipide s.v. teipide.

(b) loses, forfeits , forgoes: roteipis flaithius ┐ rígi you have lost your chance of, BB 252b38 = rotheipis, Lec. 444b47 . do ríoghraidh Éireann uile . . . a gcreideamh, a gclú 's a gcáil | is dú a dteibeadh nó a dtógbháil their faith and fame . . . must either be forefeited or upheld, Hackett xliii 72 . Cf. also xlii 84 : teibidh céim ón chonair chóir departs a step (.i. gearrann .i. tugann), which seems a loose use of same meaning.

(c) shirks, fails (in) (mod.): an croibhfhionn fhial . . . nár theib gnaoi beo, Ó Bruad. ii 124 . clann Toirrdhealbhaigh nár theib troid, ITS xv 19 . Intrans.: níor theib mise fós . . . a gcath I never yet flinched, Oss. iv 70 .

(d) Hence folld. by AR of pers., teibid orm I fail: go nach teibeadh aon urchar air gan an t-ubhall d'amus, Keat. ii 3300 . rannaigheacht bheag níor theib a gneith air, Gadelica 252 .

doglus

Cite this: eDIL s.v. doglus or dil.ie/17746

x .i. droc[h]soillsi iarsinní dobeir nech in cuma ┐ in mbrōn for a sūilib, O'Mulc. 340 . See glus, soglus.

2 etarport

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 etarport or dil.ie/20735

Forms: etarbort

n a favourable sign or omen (?): etarbort (etarbad LB) nomen [do] seón lasna druide, Corm. Y 529 . Cf. ad[co]ndarc alaill innocht | ba ingnad lium etarport the portent made me marvel (?) Thes. ii 291.3 . do faillsiugud Tana Bo Cuailngni in remscel sa sis, iarsinní dia raibi etarport isna dainib moraib robatar in Erinn; ar nir' mair don Thain acht blogha di namá roboi ac cach co coitcenn, ACL iii 4.6 .

fili

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fili or dil.ie/22070
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: fili, filid, filid, filed, filid, ḟilid, fileda, filed, file, fileadha, filidh, filed, fili, fili

n t, m. n s. fili, Wb. 31b19 . Sg. 29a3 . LU 10942 , etc. a s. filid, 10944 . d s. filid, Sg. 140a1 . g s. filed, 71b16 . n p. filid 63a14 . ind ḟilid , 162a3 . Ml. 26b10 . a p. fileda, Sg. 63b4 . 212a11 . g p. filed, Rawl. 124a46 . n s. file, LU 10941 . Rawl. 156b5 . IGT, Decl. § 21 . n p. fileadha ( Keat. iii 1239 , etc.) is proscribed as incorrect, IGT Decl. § 21. ex. 784 .

Orig. seer, diviner (cognate with Welsh gwelet, see Thurn. Heldensage, 66 ), and in earlier documents generally implies occult powers or knowledge : fili gl. propheta, , Wb. 31 b 19 . imbass forosnae .i. dofuarascaib sechip ret bas maith lasin filid ┐ bes adlaic dó d'foillsiugad, Corm. Y 756 . is a Senc[h]as Mar ro airled comdire do rig ┐ epscop ┐ aige rechta litre ┐ sua[i]d filed for-can di cendaib, Laws i 40.16 ( ZCP xvi 175 ), with gl. : .i. in sui file[d] ... da faillsigend imad a sofesa ... co ndenand rand can smuainedh .i. cen imradud, Laws i 42x Comm. firt filed (a miracle wrought by a poet) AU 1024 . See also ZCP xix 163 , IT iii 96 § 155 , Imr. Brain i 46 , Corm. s.v. Mug eme , Coire Brecain ; RC xxvi 8 . For `fili' and `drui' as interchangeable terms see Plummer V. SS. Hib. i clxi , clxii . Poet (historian, panegyrist, satirist), man of learning (the `fili' in early times was not always sharply distinguished from the `breithem' and `senchaid,' and seems originally to have united all three functions : ni dhligh cúairt no cennaighect | ar ni fili fíreólach | hi feidm eoluis ilcrothaigh | manip co fēigh fessara | cīsa tenna is tuarustla | ... ; ni dlig cuairt ... | file nach dron dechraighfes | sochur dochur dílmaine | drēcht cech tīre thic, ZCP iv 237 . Leb. Cert. 236 . on uair dona ronuc Aimirgin Glungel cetbreth i nEre robu la filedhu a n-oenur breithemnus, cusin Imacallaim in da Tuar i nEmain Mache .i. Ferceirtne file ┐ Nede mac Adna ... Ba dorcha didiu in labrad ro labairset na filid [sic leg.] isin fuigell sin ┐ nirbu reill donaib flaithib in brethemnus ronucsat ... Do allad didiu brethemnus [sic leg.] ar filedhaib iar sin, acht a nduthaigh de, ┐ ro gab cach d'feraib Eirenn a drecht don breithemnus, Laws i 18 Comm. Cf. dichetal filed, one of the things by which law is preserved in tradition, ZCP xvi 175 = Laws i 30 . canaid in breithem fassach firaicnid ┐ roscadh filed, da cois ina brethe in sin, Corm. Y 1224 . See also the tract on The Privileges ... of poets, ed. E. J. Gwynn, Ériu xiii p. 2 ff .) : amal as ho molad ┐ adamrugud in choimded intinscana in salm sa [isamlaid] forcentar dano amal dundgniat ind filid linni cid in sin, Ml. 26b10 . filidh (gl. poeta), Ir. Gl. 1 . Of Latin poets Sg. 63a14 . fili .i. fī a n-aoras ┐ lī a mmolas ┐ brecht a fuacras in file, Corm. Y 600 . f.¤ ... .i. seircid foglamo. nó ... fī fora aeir ┐ lī fora molad, O'Mulc. 537 . duarfine ... ainm d'filethaib .i. fine duar .i. fine foccul, Corm. Y 445 . rosiachtus glún Amargin filed coro molaim ríg as cach feib i mbi, LU 10298 . rātha eturru secht ṅdruid, secht filid, secht n-ócthigirn. na secht ṅdruid dia rímsad tría brichtu, na secht filid dia ṅglámad ┐ dia n-erḟuacra (`the seven druids to bewitch (?) them by means of spells; the seven poets to satirise them and denounce them') Dinds. 161 . nemed .i. fili ... ar is a fidnemedaib fognitis filid a ngressa, O'Mulc. 830 . nem-uath fri filedaib iarsinni aerait nech co n-epil de, 830 f . asbert in fili nodnaírfed ... ┐ no áerfad a athair ┐ a máthair ┐ a senathair ┐ docechnad fora n-usciu conná gébtha iasc ina inberaib, LU 10946 ( Imr. Brain i 46 ). Applied to Virgil , Sg. 29a3 ; Epimenides Wb. 31b19 . ar ba faith, ar ba file (of David), Hib. Min. 5. 157 . ro can in filid ┐ in faith .i. Bec mac Dé, Cog. 10.22 . Find fili, mac Rosa, LL 311b53 . c56 . Rawl. 118b30 . gen. Find filed m. Rossa, 117e28 . Faifne file, LL 160b11 . Ferchertne file, Rawl. 156b4 . ZCP viii 326.1 . The `filid' was commonly attached to the house-hold of a chief. The calling was hereditary and the office of `fili' to the head of the clan was, in later times at any rate, often the prerogative of a particular family : fili Conchobair in tAed, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 22 . Fergus Fínbel, file Find, Dinds. 52 . Fergus Fínbél, fili na Féinde, Acall. 3017 . file Chon Raoi, Feircheirtne a ainm, Keat. ii 3524 . clann Fhir bhisigh .i. fileadha Ua nAmhalghaidh ┐ Cloinne Fiachrach, Hy Fiach. 10 . adubhairt ris file do bheith 'na ardollamh aige féin ar aithris na ríogh roimhe, Keat. iii 1465 .

duais ḟiled is ruidles .i. a ndoberr [sic leg.] i logh natha acht rop iar firinde ┐ choir mbeith in nath the poet's fee is absolutely conveyed, that is, what is paid for a poem, provided the poem be truthful and correct ZCP xiii 20.19 ( Bürgschaft 7 ). coic gne in berla tobaidi .i. berla fene ┐ fasaige na filed ┐ berla etarsgarta ┐ berla forttide [fortcide v.l.] na filed triasa n-agaillit cach dib a chele, Auraic. 1303 . berla na filed, part of the sixth year's course of the student-`fili' IT iii 38 .

From early times the `filid' formed an important and highly organized corporation classed among the `saer-nemed' (privileged classes) : tri nemid uaisli ... .i. espoc ┐ flaith ┐ file, O'D. 1631 (< H 5.15, 16b ). it e saernemead filead and .i. ecalsi, flatha, filidh (.i. graid filedh), feine, Laws v 14.10 . There were seven grades of fili, of which the highest was the ollam filed : in t-ollam filedh iarna uirdned ag rig tuath the fully qualified poet when appointed by the king of territories Laws i 42z Comm. ollamh fileadh ` master poet ' Studies 1919, 74 . Cf. O'D. 1214 ff ( H 2.15A, p. 84 ). in t-ollam sair ... adeitig lasin ugdar ni bud mo do na cutruma risin ollamain filed, no risin ollamain mberla no risin fear legind, Laws v 92x Comm. secht ngrad filed : ollam, ansrut[h], cli, canae, dos, mac fuirmid, focluc, O'Mulc. 537 . IT iii 96 § 155 . RC xii 119 . See also Laws iv 358 - 60 . v 26 ; 56 ff . is a ndanaibh defrighet ┐ dearscaighit gach grad filedh o raile i sos ┐ i segda ┐ i n-aircedal BB 296b29 ( IT iii 6 n .). sé dá rádh go riacht tusa | ... seacht ngradh na bfilidh ar fad ..., Gofraidh Mac an Bhaird, 23 L 17, 148b . The fili was at all periods distinguished from the bard (q.v.), whose qualifications and status were inferior (in: a bhfilidh, dá ngairid báird, Keat. i 70 , he is rendering Camden : poetas, quos bardos vocant) : cescc cidh dlighedh i ffil an bhairdne lasna filedhoibh ... ? amhail roghabh rithim arradh Mettuir, as amhlaidh ataid na báird cona mbairdne arradh na ffiledh, Ériu xiii 42.4 . dichlannaigfiter filid cona biat filid etir acht baird tantum , Rawl. 111b14 ( RC xxvi 44 - 5 ). is aire tra na dlegait baird acht letheneclann na filedh uair na frithgh[n]at, uair ni [di]reanar a ngradhaibh filedh neach na frit[h]gnat no o nach frit[h]ghainter the reason bards are entitled to only half the honor-price of poets is that they do not serve [ = practise their art], for `dire '-fine is not paid for any in the grades of a poet who do not serve or are not served BB 296b33 . Amal forber cach gradh filed seach araile im mod soís in oircidail toimside, forber ... cach gradh dibsom [viz. the bards] seach aroile IT iii 24 . fogluim na .uii. mad bliadna .i. brosnacha suad .i. bairdne na mbard ┐ dlegair dond ḟilid a ḟis, ar is he accept na sechtmad bliadna don ḟilid, 39 . ni dír báird acht dír fileadh | fis cach righ is a dhlighedh, Leb. Cert. 182 . The fili in his twelve-year course of study ( IT iii 31 ff .) had to master the various metrical tracts and oghams, memorize a mass of verse and prose tales, and learn certain methods of incantation : is hi ... foglaim na hochtmaide bliadna .i. fiscomarca filed .i. duili berla ┐ clethchor choem ┐ reicne roscadach ┐ laíde .i. tenm laída ┐ immas forosnai ( ZCP xix 163 ) ┐ dichetal do chennaib na tuaithe ┐ dín[n]ṡenchus ┐ primscéla Hérend olchena fria n-aisneis do ríghaib ┐ flaithib ┐ dagdhoínib. Ar ni comlán in fili chena, sicut dixit poeta : ni ba dúnad cen rígu. niba fili cen scéla, IT iii 49 - 50 . in-feded in fili scél cacha aidche do Mongán, LU 10942 .

Sometimes in sense a learned man, one skilled in literary composition in Irish, dist. from the Latin author on one hand and the unlearned Irishman on the other : a ngrad con-deilg lasin Laitneoir is eatargoiri a n-ainm lasin filid `the comparative degree of the Latinist (writer of Latin) is named inflection by the [Irish] poet' Auraic. 640 . possit ┐ comparait ┐ superlait lasin Laitneoir .i. fothugudh ┐ forran ┐ formoladh lasin filid : maith ┐ fearr ┐ fearrson lasin nGaedeal, 645 . maith, etc. (.i. lasin nGaedel coitchend a n-ecmais in filed, fothugad immorro lasidhe) 657 . ocht ndeich tra atrimet filidh na Goídilce the Gaelic poets reckon eight (metrical) feet Corm. Y 447 .

fo-lína

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fo-lína or dil.ie/23103
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: folina, fodlína, fulina, folínfea, furoillissemni, follintar, conrufailnither

v pres. 3 s. folina, Ml. 122d5 . fodlína, Wb. 14b7 . subj. pres. fulina, Ml. 45c10 . fut. folínfea, Wb. 12d14 . ? pret. ma furoillissemni .i. digail, Ml. 100d8 (so Thurn., Thes. i 341 n . , and Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 567 ; `if we have deserved' as if from fo-slí, Thes.). Pass. pres. s. follintar, Ml. 123a10 . subj. 3 conrufailnither, Wb. 1a9 . Vn. fuillned, fuilled, q.v.

Fills up, makes up, supplies: gl. supplere Wb. 12d14 , Ml. 45c10 122d5 ; implere Wb. 24d25 . a ndudesta ... con-rufailnither á mé, Wb. 1a9 . sic follintar assa chanoín thus it is supplied from its text Ml. 123a10 . lethdechnad ... is dindala deach fil i ndechnad mār folintar .i. di luibenchosaig it is made up of one of the two syllabic groups which are in `dechnad már', to wit the hexasyllabic IT iii 8 § 8 ( iarsinní folintar ondara dech- ... .i.o luibenchosaig v.l.).

See fuillid.

fotaigid, fataigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fotaigid, fataigid or dil.ie/24140

v g (fot, fota) ; later also fait- Lengthens, prolongs: iarsinni foutaiges an foucal, Auraic. 3652 (of the mark of length, see 2 forbaid). no fotaigtis in aidche ┐ no cumrigtis an la, CCath. 3917 . faduigh do thrócaire don lucht ... !, Psalms xxxvi 10 . faideochuigh sé a láethe, Proverbs xxviii 16 . Intrans. is prolonged: da faidighi an easlainte gunuig an vii mad la, 23 P 10³, 27a17 .

In Laws Comm. esp. of prolonging or extending periods of stay : is aire nach fatuigenn anad forrud uair nach ecin doib a icc, H 3.17, c. 82 ( O'D. 97 ) = nach faitend anadh forra, O'D. 1875 ( Laws i 216.21 , Harl.). amuil fatuigit muighe ┐ cricha anad na set is amluid fatuigit anad in fira , H 3.17, c. 152 ( Laws ii 92 = i 80.18 ).

Cf. fodoruig ┐rl. is la cach lasa fotaigther is lais a tuinide [Text], O'D. 1604 ( H 5.15, 11c1 ).

See also s.v. fondaigid.

1 glond

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 glond or dil.ie/26129

Forms: gloinn, ngluind, glunnu

n o, m. and ā, f. v s. a gloinn grinn, IT i 125.11 ; d s. co ngluind , Metr. Dinds. iv 252.19 . n p. glonna and gluind, see below. a p. glunnu, ZCP viii 196 § 19 .

(a) a deed, an exploit, a feat of prowess : glonn .i. gaiscedh, O'Curry 1373 ( H 3.18, p. 626c ). glonn .i. gníomh, O.Cl. glond ar glond gleó ar gleó, LU 8648 ( FB 48 ). fo grád-glunn, SR 6039 . Art ... laechda a gluinn, MacCarthy 178.1 . a ngluind, a n-ēchta ... batar infir, Arch. Hib. ii 70 § 1 ( LL 183b18 ). na banaiter fergnúsi ... tria úalle a nglond, LU 8426 ( FB 29 ). taccomol glond claidbech `a union of sword-feats,' Arch. Hib. ii 55 § 8 ( LL 182a37 ). ic sarughad a nglond gaisccidh, CCath. 5946 . óigmhílidh gníomh nglonn (gen. of definition) of deeds of exploits, Ir. Syll. Poetry 62 § 1 . Metr. Dinds. iii 348.5 . iar mbráth glond `judgment of deeds,' LU 9857 ( PRIA iii 534 § 7 ). ni baigbhriathra (sic leg.) ... báithes fer-ghlonna fir-laich, MR 264.6 . da n-dernaind, nir ṡuairc in glonn, 14.25 . tre ghlonn n-ghoile, ML 144.25 . Of the Last Judgment : dresternach mór ag an talamh uile ar omhun in mórgluinn bíss cucu, RC xxviii 312 § 8 . gaibid g.¤ fri, opposes (?) : re rodhocra ni ghoibh glonn | do thoil anshocra d'fhulong, Arch. Hib. i 86 § xvii .

(b) a deed of violence, a crime, an evil deed (cf. écht, 1 gním) : glonn .i. guin duine, O'Dav. 1029 . anglonnas .i. dia ndernad glond, O'Curry 827 ( H 3.18, 379b ). rod marb ciar bo glond co ngail | Dondchad dond a derbrāthair, Arch. Hib. ii 85 § 36 ( LL 185a30 ). Of a treacherous act : at móra glonna Medbi ... atágur lám ar cúl aci, TBC-I¹ 1668 . TBC-LL¹ 4493 . Ailill Anglonnach no Oenglondach, iarsinní bá hóenglunn dó sercc di mnai a brathar, IT i 121.2 . cidh dognem de, ... fri glunnu gnātha, ZCP viii 196 § 19 . banc[h]áinti ... go nglōr gach gluinn, 207 § 41 . nimh agus grain agus géarghlonn, ITS xxiv 118.2 .

(c) Transf. of persons a champion (cf. anglond champion, Contribb. ) : doberimm do ṡlan, a gloinn grinn, IT i 125.11 . cur cáin cathbúadach is glond catha chomramaig, LU 8957 ( FB 71 ). dorochratar a morgluind, IT i 81.8 . ro scarsatar a morgluind, LU 3569 ( SCC 29 ). at leomain londa sain, at glonna catha, TBC-LL¹ 5691 . dam tri coecat ṅglonn ... `of thrice fifty champions,' RC xx 144.23 (ACC Comm.). bennaigim da glond na cath, Fen. 146.22 . roscathatar mo longa | Ocus mo glonna uile, Auraic. 5120 . do Mhannachán | do ghlonn an ghaisccidh ghairg, AFM i 504.y . (?) co ro marb Corpre hua Cuind | rias-ra-giallsatar gluind gléo, IT i 158.6 . ( LL 154b2 ). atbath C. comnart glond, ZCP xi 109 § 11 .

Compds. ¤alt prowess (?) : cath Mucrama ba mór glondalt, Arch. Hib. ii 59 § 7 ( LL 182b22 ). gabsat congrain co nglonnalt, Leb. Gab.(i) i 156.2 . ¤band a warlike achievement : gniomh gledeoin gleithi glonnbann, Leb. Gab.(i) i 124.6 . ¤béimm a violent blow : pl. gloinn-bhémeanna a ngelsciath, ITS v 64.5 . ¤béimnech

n (1) ā, f. crashing blows, mighty smiting : g.¤ na claideb, TBC-LL¹ 3309 ; 5074 . CRR § 53 . CCath. 906 . TFrag. 122.9 . ri glondbeimnig na claidib icá clód, LL 226a30 ( TTr. 663 ).

adj (2) o,ā strongly smiting : in claidiub glondbéimnech, LU 7205 ( BDD 87 ). TBC-LL¹ 4603 . ¤bladach of famous deeds : docer Congalach ... glondbladach, LL 133a42 . ¤búirid bellows fiercely : gur ghéis ┐ gur ghlóbhúirsiod (glonn-buirsead v.l.) ... sgiath Ch., Todd Lect. iv 88.1 . -car (epithet) lover of brave deeds : Garbīth glondchar, Arch. Hib. ii 62 § 59 ( LL 183a59 ). morgiallach glonnchar, IT iii 7 § 6 . (?) ¤gart : rosmugaidh tre glondgart ngle, BB 58a43 . ¤mer : of the daring (or `rash') feats : Conall glonn-mer, MR 150.21 . ag an droing ghloinnmhir ghlifidigh, Cog. 42.1 . gaisgedaig gloindmera na nGreg, TTebe 4482 .

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