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adcordatar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. adcordatar or dil.ie/402

v pret. 3 pl. is iarum a.¤ feini do chuindchid a nerca, O'Curry 778 (H 3.18, 365a). Cf. atacordat iarum imacúairt imon torad `they roll about in the fruit', Ériu ii 192.18 . (Plummer MS. notes refers to cúairt). See also atcortad and Hull, ZCP xxiv 237 .

2 ad-cumaing

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 ad-cumaing or dil.ie/412

Forms: -acmai, -acmaicet

v A verb (*ad-com-icc-) distinct from 1 ad-cumaing (*in-com-icc-) seems indicated by the vnn. accmaing, tacmang (q.v.).? ath cumaing cach deistidh dithle, O'Curry 2497 (Eg., 40(41)c ). Prot. forms rare. Cf. subj. pres. 3 s. -acmai, O'Curry 58 ( H 3.18, 21a ) (bad spelling of -ecmai (1 ad-cumaing)?). Indic. pres. 3 pl. cia ro acmuinget mic a cain cluiche, 1585 (23 Q 6, 1 a) (deriv. of acmang? Bad spelling for ecmainget?); -acmaicet, 468 (H. 3. 18, 246).

Reaches, extends to, attains to: amail atcumaic in clí isin tegdais ō lár co clēithi sic adcomaic airechas in grādha so dianad ainm clí, Corm. Y 275 (= Corm. p. 10 ), cf. Laws iv 358.23 Comm. mad sligi adcumaid (leg. adcuma, ZCP xviii 326 ) ó thír co flaith, Laws iv 278.18 . ? cid duine ada drochma, O'D. 1975 ( Eg. 90, 9(10)a ) (?ada-d-ro-chma, Plummer MS. notes). roth n-óir isin brut . . . adcomaic húa smech cóa imlind, LU 7361 ( BDD² 1000 ). flesc . . . adcomced midlisse in tige, 8736 . atcumaing .i. rainic, ut est Táin; atcumaing iarum Cu Chulainn an abhann, Ériu xiii 64 § 39 . ?uair atacumang sa sein uile `thou art able (to do) all that' (lit. attainest to?), CCath. 4056 (cf. con-icc).

ad-gládathar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-gládathar or dil.ie/459
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: adgládur, adgladaither, adgládathar, adgladathar, adgladadar, adngl[ad]adar, -acalladar, -acelladar, adgladamar, adgladatar, -acaltar, atatgladainn, -acáldad, -acallad, adgladmis, -acaldmis, adglaitis, atomglaide, -acaille, acall-su, acaltar, -aiciller, -acallar, -arladar, -arlasar, -árlaiter, -arlaither, -aigillter, -airlathar, -acaldam, -árladmar, -arladmar, -arlasar, -arladh, ata-gegallar, ata-gegalldathar, ata-geglathar, adrogailser, atgládastar, (ad)galastair, argladais, -acallastar, -agallustar, -aiclestar, -acillestar, ron-accaillestar, ronaccaill, -acalt, -arlastár, arlastar, -arlassair, -arlassáir, -arlasair, adglaasmar, -arlasatar, acallam, acailsi, acallta, aigillte, acallaid, aicillid

v ( Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 538 ) strong verb (Thurn.), with ā-subj., but later with s-subj. from perf. A redupl. fut. occurs only in MU. Pret. and perf. stem árlas- expld. by Thurneysen, KZ xxviii 151 as *ad-ro-glád-s-, but this not repeated in Gramm., where p. 415 these are described as `shortened forms'.

Indic. pres. 1 s. adgládur, Sg. 146b9 . 2 s. adgladaither, IT ii2 243.9 . 3 s. adgládathar, Sg. 211b11 . adgladathar, Ml. 74a8 , 83a9 , 115d1 , 120b8 , 145c14 . adgladadar, 115a6 . adngl[ad]adar, 53c17 , cf. TBFr. 130 . at-nglædar, Loinges mac nDuíl Dermait 58 § 32 . -acalladar, IT ii2 243.z . -acelladar, Corm. Y 1059 ( Anecd. iv 93.22 ). 1 pl. adgladamar, LB 261b44 . 3 pl. adgladatar, IT ii2 228.22 . Pass. sg. -acaltar, TBC-LL¹ 1694 .

Indic. impf. 1 s. atatgladainn, Ml. 62c16 . 3 s. -acáldad, Ml. 108b9 . -acallad, ACC § 82 . 1 pl. adgladmis, -acaldmis, Mon. Tall. 136.29 (§ 25) . 3 pl. adglaitis, Metr. Dinds. iii 378.13 .

Ipv. 2 s. atomglaide (-glaite v.l.) -acaille, Corm. Y 1059 ( Anecd. iv 93 ). acall-su, TBC-LL¹ 1652 (aigill-si Stowe). Pass. sg. acaltar, 1651 (aigillter, St.)

Subj. pres. 1 s. -aiciller, Sc.M² § 9 . -acallar, RC x 218 § 6 . -arladar, Irish Texts i 13 § 40 . -arlasar, LU 3032 (see Ped.). 2 s. -árlaiter, BDD² 200 . -arlaither, RC xiv 257.14 . -aigillter, ZCP viii 548.3 . ?3 s. (or pass.) -airlathar, LU 5864 (= arlathar, ZCP ix 154.22 ). 1 pl. -acaldam, TBFr. 379 . -árladmar, Wb. 29d10 . -arladmar, IT ii2 228.5 . 2 pl. -arlasar, IT ii2 228.13 (see Ped.). Subj. impf. 3 s. -arladh, Lism. L. xii 18 .

Fut. 1 s. ata-gegallar sa, MU² 975 . 3 s. ata-gegalldathar, 974 . ata-geglathar, 978 .

Pret. and perf. 2 s. adrogailser, IT ii1 183.4 . 3 s. atgládastar, Thes. ii 318.4 (Hy. ii). ataraglastar, BDD² 544 . (ad)galastair, O'Cl. argladais, TBC-I¹ 1802 . -acallastar (-aicellestair, -agallustar v.l.), ACC § 123 . -aiclestar, Corm. Y 825 . -acillestar, LL 14262 . ron-accaillestar, Imr. Brain ii 293.16 . ronaccaill, 294.1 . -acalt. RC xi 442.9 . -arlastár, LU 8269 ( FB § 21 ). arlastar, 5873 (TBC). ro arlastar, Metr. Dinds. iii 210.10 . -arlassair, SR 3791 . -arlassáir, 4791 . -arlasair, LU 9306 . 1 pl. adglaasmar, IT ii2 228.49 . 3 pl. -arlasatar, RC vi 164.7 .

Vn. acallam. IGT Verbs § 65 .

Part. acailsi (pl.), Ml. 48a10 (see KP 50 n. 40 ).

Verbal of Necess. acallta, ZCP iii 29.37 . ? aigillte, DDána 74.16 .

Later as simple vb. acallaid, aicillid.

Addresses, speaks to, converses with: adagladastar gillae a boy spoke to them, Corm. Y 1059 ( Anecd. iv 91.9 ). adgladadar Brigit i[n] noidin, Irish Texts i 14 § 42 . adglád[ad]ar Fróech Meidb F. addresses M., TBFr. 130 . ni acaltar tarais nach thar adart `no conversation is held across him', Ériu xii 48 § 61 . boí Cuchulainn i n-a thost ┐ ni arlasair Loegaire, LU 9306 (TBC). roaicellastar iarum for leith na seanchaidi he addressed the shanachies apart, Ériu iv 144.15 . do agaillsit a charaid . . . o Fhrōech . . . imthecht lais la tochmarc mhnā dó were requested by F., ZCP xiii 169.32 . notaicél I shall talk with thee, Ériu iv 100.16 . agoillis an Dagdae hi, RC xii 84 § 84 . nocho ronacaill int idul, RC xlvi 235.30 . iar sin téighim-se go Bóinn / . . . / is aigillim Niall an áigh, Content. ii 9 . gur aguill Dia na daoine / cia aguinn dob iontaoibhe, Dán Dé xxviii 4 . cuich aiccille? whom are you speaking to?, BNnÉ 62 § 86 . i Scoitbhéarla do agaill Ióth ┐ Tuatha Dé Danann a chéile, Keat. ii 819 . Bérla na filed asa n-aicilled cach dib araile, ACL iii 247.21 . ros-aigletar in ingen go hoirbidnech saluted, Caithr. Thoirdh. 27.5 . ni aiclidh somh diabal dogres, BNnÉ 321 § 26 . aigill Sir Gyi damh d'faghail cairti `ask Sir G. for me', ZCP vi 78.1 . With FRI: fri angel n-acallastar, LU 1148 ( ACC 123 ). ait a fuil gunarlaither ris where you may speak to him, RC xiv 257 § 14 .

1 aile

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 aile or dil.ie/978
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: oile, eile, arch, aild, aile, aile, aill, aile, aill, aili, ailiu, ailiu, áili, aili, aili, aile, ailib, aile, aili, aile, aili, aili, a., n-aill, n-aile, éile, éle, aill, aili, ailiu, ailiu, aile, alaill, allail, alaill, alaili, alailiu, aili, alaaili, alaili, n-aile, allaili, aile, alaili, aili, alaile, holailiu, horaili, fulailiu, folaill, hualailiu, alaile, alaill, alaile, arele, lelele, alaill, aláil, araill, alaili, aláili, álaili, araili, áréli, alailiu, arailiu, alaili, aili, lialailiu, liala ailiu, aile, alailib, alaili, aréli, alaili, indala, indala, dondala, indala, indala, indala, all, AILE, ALAILE, arailiu, alailiu, alaile, (a)la, al(l)

In later lang. oile, eile other, one of two, second , pronominal used as adj. and noun. Inflected as io, iā -stem except in n a s. neut. (aill, see below). GOI §§ 486 ff. , Hamp, Études Celt. ix 477 (aill, arch. aild). Old-Irish forms. Stressed forms

(a) aile (as adj. follows noun; as subst. always with article or nach). As adj. n s m. aile, Wb. 12c46 . n. aill, 9c3 . a s m. aile, Wb. 9d31 . n. aill, 13a1 . g s. aili, Sg. 30a2 . d s. ailiu, Wb. 21a7 . ailiu, Sg. 30b4 . n p. áili, Wb. 12b1 . aili, 22d14 . a p. aili, Sg. 28a6 . g p. aile, Wb. 12b3 . d p. ailib, Wb. 12b11 . Fem. n s. aile, Wb. 10d18 . a s. aili, Sg. 189a8 . g s. aile, Sg. 188a12 . n p. aili, Sg. 22a3 . a p. aili, Sg. 191a2 .

n As subst. n s m. nach a.¤ , Wb. 20a10 . n s n. a n-aill , Wb. 4b24 . a s m. nach n-aile , Wb. 8a3 . éile, éle (influence of céile, GOI p. 308 ), 6a15 , 6c18 . a s n. na aill , Wb. 17c23 . g s. nach aili , Wb. 17b28 . d s. nach ailiu , Sg. 209b12 . a p. amal na heliu, Sg. 9b1 . ailiu gl. quos (nullos tepefacit sol), Ml. 94b20 . Fem. g s. inna aile , Thes. ii 15.42 (BCr.).

(b) With double stem ala aile, alaile, with dissimilation araile (with stress on -ail-) (as adj. precedes noun; as subst. does not take article or other proclitic, cf. Ped. Ériu xv 188 ff.).

As adj. n s n. alaill ṡain, Sg. 6b24 . allail (recte alaill, edd.) pronomen , 209b10 . g s. alaili thríuin, Sg. 96a4 . d s. alailiu chruth, Ml. 98d1 . n p. alá aili aidme, Ml. 89a9 . alaaili réta, Sg. 111b5 . a p. alaili dliged, Ml. 18c11 . g p. ala n-aile ndoine, Ml. 54a21 .

Fem. a s. allaili mbeasti, RC xi 446.1 . g s. ala aile aidme, Ml. 51c5 . d s. alaili tain gl. quando, Sg. 222b2 . n p. ala aili interiecta, Sg. 10a1 .

When used with a prep. ending in a vowel alaile sometimes drops its initial: holailiu, Ml. 80a2 . horaili, 2a6 . fulailiu (sic MS.), 102d2 . folaill, Laws iv 102.14 . But hualailiu, Ml. 40d17 . Sg. 25b12 . With la see substantival use infra.

n As subst. n s m. alaile, Wb. 6b20 . n s n. alaill, 7d11 . a s m. alaile, Wb. 5d15 . arele, 9c19 . With la: lelele, 16c24 . a s n. alaill, 4c33 . aláil, 12a10 . araill, 23b21 . g s. alaili, Wb. 4c13 . aláili, 12a34 . álaili, 13a9 . araili, Sg. 10a10 . áréli, Wb. 13a5 . d s. alailiu, Wb. 2a14 . arailiu, 21a13 . n p. alaili, Wb. 13a16 . ala aili , Sg. 215a1 . a p. with la, lialailiu, Ml. 14a4 (liaailiu, MS.). liala ailiu, Sg. 32b5 . g p. ala n-aile (gl. reliquorum), Ml. 37a21 . Sg. 201b15 . d p. alailib, Wb. 25b13 . Sg. 208b8 . Fem. a s. fri alaili , Sg. 202a4 . d s. aréli (see above), Wb. 8a7 , alaili, Sg. 189a7 . 212b3 .

In Bardic verse this form alliterates with words beginning either with r- or vowels: líonmhar dá reic re-roile, DDána 61.3 . sgol i n-ucht ar-oile ag ól, 103.25 .

(c) Unstressed forms (always adjectival preceding noun or aí, see below, and most usually with preceding article or cach). With article (both words indecl.) n s m. indala mmod, Ml. 45b11 . a s m. indala fer, Wb. 4c16 . d s. dondala lucht, Wb. 16c20 . n s f. indala chlas, Ml. 138d1 . g s f. indala rainne, Sg. 74b7 . a s n. indala lestar, Wb. 4c32 . With cach, usually cach la: cach la sel, Wb. 15d9 . cach le céin, Ml. 19c1 . Without art. somet. also all, see C I (a) below.

A. The form AILE.

I As adj. following its noun other, second: frituidecht a.¤ anísiu, Sg. 21b11 . pronomen naill, 197b17 . fogur na liter na.¤ , 4a8 . guidiu itge n-a.¤ , Fél. Ep. 413 . anní nail as much again, IT ii1 180.177 . cethri fogaetha a.¤ , SR 49 . immon michil lasin crosfigill-so immon muiri lasind crosfigell na.¤ immasech `with the next', Mon. Tall. 137.z (§ 28) . do nach raod aliu `to any other matter', 143.30 (§ 43) . isind le[i]th ailiu, Críth G. 591 (eliu, MS.). do c[h]ellaib elib, BColm. 62.20 . forsin triur aili `the other three', RC xxiv 174.10 . aisceda imda eili, Sc.M² § 4 R . Longínus in ainm ele, PH 673 . a dhuine dhiombuain eile, DDána 27.3 . céd eili d'uaislib `a hundred other nobles', IGT Decl. ex. 60 . ┐ ní eili and furthermore, Hy Maine 161.31 . beag oile as congnamh ré chois `little else', Dán Dé x 17 . aill with non-neut. noun: ro-lēcus-[s]a gaí n-aill cucut-su, Sc.M² § 13 . issin láim n-aill, MU² 543 . do thuc bulli n-aill, TBC-LL¹ 1998 . fecht n-aile (n-aill), úair a.¤ another time, on another occasion see fecht and 2 úar. Of future time, next, forthcoming: lathi n-and resint samḟuin a.¤ cind bliadna, LU 3298 ( SCC § 10 ). cosin caiscc naili `until the next Easter', Mon. Tall. 132.17 (§ 12) . nach (na) . . . a.¤ (aill) any other . . . : nábat nacha arm aili `let it not be any other arms', Wb. 11d14 . dochum nacha rainne a.¤ , Sg. 188a12 . indtan noteigdis nach leth aili, Mon. Tall. 129.18 (§ 6) . in nacha reduibh ailib, Ériu ii 106.9 . Masc. with neut. noun: huare nad fil na nert n-a.¤ , Ml. 29d5 .

n II As subst.

(a) another, the other, others etc.: cuit inna aine ┐ inna a.¤ of the one and of the other, Thes. ii 15.42 (Bcr.). amal na heliu `like the others', Sg. 9b2 . arus leth do fallaib an aill do doebdadaib `for half is due for the neglects, the other for the claimants,' Laws iv 126.21 Comm. mad a.¤ da lina beta olca folaid `one of two parties', ii 366.11 . ma a.¤ dá lína bes anfoltach, O'D. 565 ( H 3.17, 441 ). co ndearnadhsom in a.¤ chédna likewise, TFrag. 22.22 . mani tucad . . . ní din chéttadall ni bered a n-aill, Sc.M² § 1 . ní fargaib bennachtain ┐ ní thuc anaill (alali, v.l.), RC viii 52.25 . aroile . . . anaill the one . . . the other (ref. to léo), Grail 3399 .

(b) period of two days: a.¤ do mnaib . . . treisi do rig, Laws i 78.15 . nat ṡasai aena tar a.¤ `that one day should not be extended beyond two days', 120.18 . athgabail a.¤ itir uin ┐ treise rosmidir Sencha, 126.11 . cach athgabail a.¤ , 144.24 .i. for ata anad naili ┐ apad aili, 146.21 Comm. is for dail na haili, 146.12 Comm. athgabail a.¤ do ingin im comorbus a mathar, 146.y .i. ar ata anadh naili, 148.3. Comm. a.¤ déc space of twelve days (cf. a.¤ déc one twelfth , (g) infra): a.¤ do mnaib, a.¤ dec doib im roe, Laws i 78.15 .

(c) Frequ. a n-aill something else, anything else: nimbe anaild arbera bith `he has nothing else that he may eat', Mon. Tall. 146.16 (§ 50) . ind lethbairgin ┐ ind cethramtu nó anaild `the half loaf and the quarter or other quantity, 151.z (§ 63) , ní fogbat merdrecha Ulad a n-aill acht foraim én dóib, LU 3254 ( SCC § 5 ). it é do theoir ríagla / nítroib anaill bas diliu `have thou naught else dearer', Ériu i 194 § 7 . in fil anaill? ol Grigoir `is there anything else?' ZCP iii 30.21 .

(d) Hence with ocus, etc. furthermore: ┐ anaill forácbus[s]a . . ., LL 279a7 . ┐ anaill béus, iarfaig-siu and furthermore, ask . . ., TBC-LL¹ 1920 . ┐ dano a n-aill and úair ni chesend nech, LU 2654 . ┐ anaill niro tagaill . . ., Grail 2786 . Cf. similar use of araill: et araill aile dana béus, TBC-LL¹ 106 . ┐ araill and, dano, . . . ní fil rígain . . ., LU 4015 ( SCC § 46 ). araill ele bheós ro leth ainm . . ., AFM v 1858.z . ┐ araill ele nir bó siodhach . . ., vi 2052.10 .

(e) Uninflected aill . . . aill one . . . another, some . . . others (not found in O. Ir. Glosses): imrordus in rígraid / . . . / aill úas laithib lígdaib / aill fo díanaib déraib some . . . others, Fél. Prol. 23 . aill fir mair . . . / aill ingene húage `one of a mighty man . . . another of a virginal maiden', June 5 . áill fri cumaid . . . aill ele fri teichead (of persons), Alex. 309 . .lll. carpdech . . . aill bruitt budi aill bruit deirg `some in yellow mantles others in red mantles', RC xiv 412.8 . Hence adverbially partly . . . partly: aill is tóla catha crūach / aill is cōra cacha crích, ZCP xi 110 § 30 . go ruc in ingen leis aill ar áis aill ar égin, Ériu xi 46.13 . Cf. aill .i. aonfecht .. . ut est aill torla tres tochuired, O'Dav. 34 , Ériu xiii 15.11 .

(f) With nach any other: arna arroímatsom nach na.¤ `lest they should receive any one else', Wb. 14d37 . cen acaldaim nach aili, Sg. 153b7 . cen acomol naich aili do `without joining any other to it', 197b17 . nib écen na aill, Wb. 22d12 . ni gessid na aill act búaid precepte, Wb. 26a34 . ní epur na haill `I say nothing more', Sg. p. 217 marg. sup. (Thes. ii xxii). in fail na aill adcota[r] dam, Trip.² 1323 . cona bía cuit do nach ailiu i nHére, 2766 . do-bérad naill ( = na aill) would give something else, BDD² 276 . With partitive DI something else of: asbéram na aill diar ṅgnímaib, Wb. 17c23 . in fuil anaill d'ingantaib air?, Grail 2983 . Cf. aill do buadaib Duind C. andso something of the triumphs, TBC-LL¹ 1529 .

(g) In numerals (fractions). a.¤ déac one twelfth: oile dég f., IGT Decl. § 3 . oil a dég (oil dhég v.l.) lochdach, IGT Decl. § 14 . aili deac brotto `the twelfth part of a second', Thes. ii 13.29 (BCr.). erpais Patraic aili deac Erend dó the twelfth part of Ireland, Trip.² 911 . `a.¤ dhéc the twelfth part, the Brehon's fee . Anglicé allayéag,' O'Don. Suppl. ni uil aile déc dosomh ┐ atá éiric a gubreite fairsium, O'D. 536 ( H 3.17, 432 ). da tecarthar ni da folaid cruid on breithemain, no ailedec, Laws i 234.17 Comm. diablad na aile dec, 234.18 Comm. no co thormaigi fa geall co roib aile dec, v 252.20 Comm. log a breithemnuis, aile dec, 212.22 Comm. Perh. also in: ni bhía an oile dēgsi am díaigh / nach foighe Ó Bríain d'éicsi úaim, IGT Decl. ex. 216 . barr na ngēg uile re n-idnaibh / uile dég gun fidhbaidh ortt (lochtach), ex. 225 . Cf. Kl. enair for dardain ail uathaid fuirre `the second day of the moon thereon', RC xviii 176.27 (Tig.). 284.2 . For ail dec 35.9 Stokes suggests reading ail uathaid.

B. The form ALAILE etc.

I As adj.

(a) other: aliud pronomen . i. is allail (recte alaill, edd.) pronomen , Sg. 209b10 . cenn cridi ┐ alaaili réta `and other things', 111b5 . sech alaili dliged ┐ indliuchtu `apart from other sayings and meanings', Ml. 18c11 . imtech[t] Boinde . . . ┐ alanaile n-aband, AU i 308. 11 , cf. 330.4 , 374.4 . In later lang. neut. form somet. used after noun irrespective of gender: leth in moige . . . al-leth allaill, RC xi 446.52 . don taeb araill, Stair Erc. 782 . isin luing araill, Grail 2969 . isind láim anaill, TBC-LL¹ 1719 . Note also: adhaigh n-aill n-aile another night, BNnÉ 324 § 38 .

(b) Usually some, a certain (gl. quidam, aliquis): hualailiu chlausul gl. uelut in clausula, Ml. 40d17 . holailiu lon gl. quodam adipe, 80a2 . ainm alaili thríuin `name of a certain hero', Sg. 96a4 . alaill ṡain, 6b24 . hualailiu mud gl. quodammodo, 25b12 . con alailiu fogoir (leg. fogur, edd.) gl. aliquo `with some sound', 39a2 . alaili tain gl. quando, 222b1a . ac gūmāidim ala naile nairec ninganta falsely boasting of various wonderful inventions, Corm. Y 825 . cornan alaili cuislendach, `a certain piper Cornan', Mon. Tall. 131.23 (§ 10) . alaili fáith marb, Trip.² 1395 . di araile anmcharait, ACL iii 5.3 . aroile fer angid, PH 818 . doní . . . araile gaitt irisech `she commits a certain pious theft', BColm. 84.10 . i n-araile domnuch, ZCP iii 33.15 . ro indsaig araile carruic . . . ┐ ros buail, Grail 1435 . in araile locc i lLaighis `at a certain place', AFM ii 1066.3 . Cf. co aroile mainistir ecin, RC x 187.4 .

n II As subst.

(a) another, the other: ni ferr nech alailiu, Wb. 2a16 . ni áir do neuch molad alaili, 16a24 . is coitchen do cechtar de ainm alaili `the name of each is common to both', Ml. 14d12 . intí diib bes tresa orcaid alaile, Ml. 19d6 . tar cenn alanaile gl. aliorumuice, 95d9 . Sg. 201b15 . cenmathá dobrethir ┐ alaaili `except the adverb and other (parts of speech)', 71b17 . muidit secht catha ren Osseirgé for na Déise . . . asberat araile is tricha cath others say, Ériu iii 138.102 . in foirend is craibdige araile `the folk who are more believing than the rest', PH 6363 . coná baí aithgne neich sech alaile díb, TBFr. 271 . cach gabal tra issuidiu araile hisesam `every other division is sung sitting, the next standing', Mon. Tall. 140.4 (§ 31) . gach clas ro claideadh do línadh do arbaim alaill do imbim the furrows to be filled alternately with corn and butter, Laws iv 98.14 Comm. drécht diib i nAidniu, araill diib oc Dubcechair, ZCP viii 305.30 . Hence alaile . . . alaile etc. (the) one . . . the other, another: biit alaili and rofinnatar a pecte rosíu (sic) docói grád forru alaili is iarum . . ., Wb. 29a28 . alaaili diib hi remthechtas . . . alaaili dano it coitchena eter remthechtas, Sg. 215a1 . Later araill . . . de is used of all genders: comérgit Ulaid araill díb . . . araill, LU 5017 . Cf. a dá grúad . . . co ndeirgi fola laíg ┐ araill eile co solusgili sneachta, BDD² 38 . Also when first part of phrase contains ind ala (infra).

(b) With idea of mutual action each other: con rochra cách a.¤ lit. that each may love the other (= that all may love each other), Wb. 6d1 . rosbennach cách dib elathain aroile, Fél. 4.20 . Eogan . . .┐ Oed . . . do marbad aroili, Ann. Conn. 1340.12 . ar bruinnib ┐ ochtaip aroile ┐ a chēile, Fl. Earls, 80.17 . Frequ. with prepp.: combad imned for araill domsa so that it should be trouble upon trouble for me, Wb. 23b21 . Cf. in peccath for arele, 9c19 . is ball cách dialailiu, 5d4 . ar a ndig cechtar dīb sech anaile (araile v.l.) so that they can get past each other (of two chariots), Corm. Y 1082 (96.11) . ni dernai nechtar n-ai olc fri araili, TBFr. 24.3 = fria chéile, 420 . ón tráth co roili, BDD² 1251 . lán ón orsain go ar-oile / an teach . . ., DDána 85.37 . casmhail a rún dá-roile, 92.6 . an ro loitseat Goill ┐ Geraltaig imo roile (roile) isan tansa `the injuries mutually done upon each other', AFM v 1734.15 . dīss derbrāthor dieroile `two . . . brothers', Fl. Earls 124.1 . ?asrean a ceile agh fo laill do `his neighbour shall give him another calf', Laws iv 102.14 Comm.

(c) somebody, something; a certain person or thing . In sg.: araill tra cairigedarsom there is a certain thing (?) (`there are other things now which he blames'), Wb. 25b9 . So also: [con]-secha alaill indib (`he corrects another thing in them'), 26c1 . aroile do lāmhoip S. Niclās `one of the hands', Fl. Earls 80.20 . ba ingnad liasna Fomoire alaill tarfas doib isin cath a certain thing, RC xii 92 § 122 . atpert aroile fris `a certain man', Stair Erc. 1449 . Note also: ara ara bélaib isin charput sin araile forseng fánfota forbrec a charioteer in front of him . . . and he was, LU 9274 . In pl.: is sí cétbaid alanaile `this is the opinion of some', Ml. 36a1 . circunflex la grecu for alailib diib, Sg. 208b8 . With DI: araill d'feraib Midi `some of the men of M.', RC xviii 23.31 . do deachaidh fein cona mac . . . ┐ ar oile dia mhuintir innte, Leb. Gab.(i) 242.26 . d'foraithmet araill dona neithibh remraiti, 272.6 . araill d'áes na cemenn sin, CCath. 86 .

(d) As adv. (d s n.) arailiu `otherwise', Wb. 21a13 (introducing an alternative explanation); cf. alailiu chruth gl. aliter, Ml. 98d1 . alailiu, Wb. 9a23 (see Bergin, Ériu xiv 29 ; xvii 1; Pedersen, Ériu xv 188 ). alaile, Anecd. iii 59.2 . araili .i. gne eile, Laws iv 68.3 . Perh. also in TBC-I¹ 1044 , TBC-LL¹ 1833 ff. (reading ... cadān co leith. Allaile (alailiu LU) dia tonda etc.) .

C. The form (a)la, al(l).

I As adj.

(a) other, one of two, second (in this use a `compositional prefix', GOI § 394 ): all-aidchi on another night, IT ii2 194.21 . alachéill in sin, ZCP viii 313.29 . Morc .i. ala flaith na Fomoire, Leb. Gab.(i) 80.30 . béra cend ríg alathúaithi lat, BDD² 727 . fria lesa alabrugh of other territories, O'Curry 454 ( H 3.18, 242a ). rogrād fir alathīre 'great love of a man of another land', Ériu ii 15 § 2 . ? nach for ala thire tí tarrassais 'that you did not abide upon the surface of another land', PMLA lvi 940 ( LL 37013 ). li ala lécuinn Saul `by one of S.'s cheeks', Ml. 55c1 . ala n-or di i teg, a n-aill fri sīn, Corm. Y 35 (aurso). ala thred dub alaili find, Anecd. i 57 § 58 . tēora blaī būirig . . . blaī mescae . . . alablaī dúnaid la túatha téchtai tecraiter the second exemption, ZCP xi 83.1 . cath Ocha alachath `the second battle', RC xiii 54.10 . ala-chor second contract, Laws ii 274.z . mád ala feacht iar mbrethaib forru `for the second time', 66.16 . See also under compds. and 1 al. See also under allabrig.

(b) With article ind ala one of two, (the) one (. . . the other) (see also B II (a) supra): dotóeth indala fiacail airthir a chinn `one of the two teeth', Thes. ii 248.9 . arambé indala rann cen diall `that one of the two parts be undeclined', Sg. 74b6 . ind ala c. gl. praetermisit unam c (i.e. by writing hoc for hocc), 205b5 . co lluid tré scíath n-ete indala heóin one of the two birds, LU 3282 ( SCC § 7 ). doroigu ind ala fer . . . et romiscsigestar alaile, Wb. 4c16 . is léir dorigni indala lestar is dínnimu dongní alaill, 4c32-33 . ni coir dídnad dondala lucht et troscud dond lucht ailiu, 16c20 . īadais andala (indara, LU) sūil . . . asoilg alaile, TBC-I¹ 394 . benaid . . . Mac Cecht a chend dondala fir . . . ro boí in fer aile oc élúd, LU 7942 . Loch nE. dindala leith di ┐ Slíab C. dind leith ailiu, Trip.² 1957 . Later indara: indara láim dó fri ubull bragat in chon. dobeir araile fria chúl one of his hands, LU 5012 . indara fecht . . . canait ceol . . . in fecht n-aill contúaset fri ceól muintire nime, 1978 ( FA 5 ). is hé indara fer . . . ró an . . . Donnmal int aili, Trip.² 1521 .

(c) ind ala the second (cf. tánaiste): cengsat siar dind ara chur `for the second time', Metr. Dinds. iii 4.33 . isin dara cét lá deidenach don ré `on the second last day of the term', Laws iv 136.1 Comm. Hence in compd. numerals: ala rann deac `one twelfth', Thes. ii 13.29 (BCr.). issed indala nainmm déc the twelfth name, Thr. Ir. Gl. 25.9 = indara hainm, Corm. Y 750 . indala descipul lxx at the seventy-second disciple, Laws i 20.2 Comm. fir errainne co alasét sesed with sixty-two `séts' ZCP xii 361.21 . ?torad cach trethain ala cairrge, Laws v 484.2 (Comm. takes as all beyond). Cf. co treathan ala cairge no ala caire, O'Curry 20 ( H 3.18, 9a ).

(d) cach (a)la every other, every second: cach la céin . . . in céin naili sometimes . . . sometimes, Ml. 19b1, 3 . cachlacein `alternately', Mon. Tall. 146.29 (§ 52) . is i fescur cachlacēin / dlegar dīdnad dōib they are entitled to a meal on alternate days at vesper-time (of fasting regulations), ZCP xiii 29.14 . cach la sel dún for imrádud dé in sel aile for precept `at one time meditating on God, at another time preaching', Wb. 15d9 . ammarbad cach la sel iarum do a mbeogud indtale dia marbad `he continues alternately to mortify and revive them from their dying state', Mon. Tall. 147.16 (§ 52) . bó cona timthuch cech la blíadnai . . . colp[d]ach ḟirenn lee in mblíadnai n-aili every second year, Críth G. 266 . cach alablīa[dain] every second year, Corm. Y 1082 ( Anecd. iv 96.16 ). cach ara bliadain, Laws iv 140.29 Comm. druinech cechla bean / crecōir cechla fer, ZCP ix 170.17 . ate cuir treineacha la Feine cach la fear dia urgaire, alaili dia forngaire, Laws iv 54.13 . gach re n-am alternately, Dán Dé v 41 .

II n As subst. indala n-aí (invariable) one of the two: is dochu ind ala nái oldaas a n-aill, Wb. 4b24 . togu ind ala n-ái . . . damnad alaili `to choose one of the twain . . . to condem the other', 4c13 . ci atbela ind ala n-ái ni epil alaill, Sg. 30a3 . ind ala n-aí antúaid alaile andess, 67b22 . co n-accai in da mnaí . . . indala n-ai brat úaine impe alaili brat corcra, LU 3285 ( SCC § 8 ). elcuig indalanae, ruibidh alailiu, ZCP viii 105.11 . da fítt . . . inddala hí do tabirt do Día . . . araile do tomailt fadein, Mon. Tall. 161.10 (§ 80) . Later also ala (n-)aí: ar lēicse ala aí di arailiu, ZCP xv 316 § 10 . ni frith ala ai do thacru, 354 § 42 . dá [n]dorus [n]-and—comla[e] ar ala n-aí, clíath ar alailiu, Críth G. 101 . bōthar, talla dā boin fair .i. alanāi for fot alaile for tarsnae, Corm. Y 1082 ( Anecd. iv 96.17 ).

COMPDS. cosnamach fri hailecricha, Ériu viii 173.28 . i n-ailithír, Trip.² 2033 . asna hailithírib foreign countries, TTr.² 1747 (cf. ailithir). aile máthair, Sg. 152a2 (not treated as compd. by GOI § 394 . Perh. infl. by the Lat. altera mater). See also C I (a) above.

aimser

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aimser or dil.ie/1149
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: amser, aimsir, aimsire, aimsiri, aimsire, aimsir, aimsera, aimseara, aimsior, aimseraib

n ā, f. (see Celtica i 339 ) n s. ind a.¤ , Sg. 66b12 . ind amser , Thes. ii 229.26 (PCr.). a s. aimsir, Wb. 9a9 . g s. aimsire, Sg. 66b15 . aimsiri, LU 8049 . ? an aimsire , O'Curry 1902 ( 23 P 3 , 23 (21)b ). d s. aimsir, Wb. 23d23 . n p. aimsera, RC xlix 7 § 3 . a p. aimseara, BDD² 261 . g p. aimsior, MS. Mat. 572.29 . d p. aimseraib, SR 10 . See Vendr. Lex.

(a) point of time: condidtísed ind a.¤ ba chomadas dó, Wb. 21a1 . tánicc a.¤ mo idbarte se, 30d11 . isind aimsir sin, 13b1 . tanicc a.¤ derb togle troi, desmrecht insin ar aimsir deirb, Sg. 66b17 . cisi a.¤ hi forcomnactar in gnimai `at what time the deeds took place', Ml. 97a5 . is í sein trá amser i llotár in macrad, LU 6344 (TBC). cethardai condagar da cech elathain .i. locc ┐ a.¤ ┐ persa ┐ fáth airicc (a common opening of Irish treatises), Fél. 2.1 (cf. Laws i 2-4 ). aimsir cinnte a báis, RC xii 336 § 27 . adeir fellsam díb anuair docí sé curab a.¤that it is the right time for it, Maund. 204 . Note also: tōet for m'ainech-sa co fārgub-sa Temair lais ar nī lim ind a.¤ rucus brith it is no longer mine since I gave the judgement, ZCP viii 311.36 .

(b) period of time, span, spell: robói a.¤ nad rochreitsid `there was a time that ye have not believed', Wb. 5c10 . ataat alaili feidligte ho aimsir `there are some who endure for a while', Ml. 21d4 . ilardatu inna aimsire mbite som isind fognam, 28b9 . baí oca amser már iar sin for a long time, LL 14554 . in aroli d'aimsir, Hom. Leg. 77.15 . fri re n-aimsire for a while, TFrag. 76.5 . ?immusrala muir aimsera co tāncatar Éirind time and tide served(?) (or for aimserda?), ZCP viii 312.14 . ar séan uaire ┐ aimsire, TD 41.15 . i cind amsire iartain fácbaim-se E., LL 7332 . tug an toice re haimsir / druim riom . . ., for a time, DDána 90.2 . ó aimsir go haimsir from time to time (i.e. occasionally), Keat. i 80.21 . gacha haimsire `always', Fl. Earls 122.22 . term, stage: fiarfaighter an bind iiii h-aimsera a gach fiabrus, RC xlix 7 § 3 . beir tri h-aimsera gerra ad tigernus fen aris, BCC 374.7 . i n-aimseruib laith, Laws v 268.20 . Of a legal period a.¤ togu: cadiad aimsira thogha? . . . a cinn a ceithre mbliadhan dec do ingin, a cinn secht mbliadan dec do mac, i.e. the end of the fosterage period, 14 years for a girl, 17 years for a boy, after which a choice could be made between marriage or the religious life, Laws ii 192.13 Comm. , Stud. in E. Ir. Law 188 . a n-aimsir dithma, Laws ii 114.19 Comm. a.¤ aenaid, aimsir dunaig, v 302. 32 . a.¤ chue see cóe. fixed-term agreement (of service): do-rinneadur aimsear re chēile go ceann bliadhna 'they made an agreement of service between them for a year' Celtica iv 70.205 .

(c) period, age, epoch: á aimsir in n-aimsir a saigal hi saigul, Ml. 115b7 . ri co ruinib robai fail / ria ndúilib rianaimseraib, SR 10 . ó cheudtos na naimsior gus aniu, MS. Matthew 572.29 . hisin chethramad amsir in domain táncatar Gaedil i nHérind, LL 1804 . fri remius chóic n-aimser cósin `for the space of five ages' (before the crucifixion), ZCP iv 388.2 . ré cúig n-aimsear during five ages, DDána 20.12 . rule, reign, time of specific persons: i namseir da mac Aeda Sláne, Thes. ii 298.25 . nach raibi 'na righ-aimsir eineach badh urdrucu, Hy Maine 135.12 . i n-amsir na náem, LL 298b5 ( SG 367.2 ). d'aimsir na n-apstal, TSh. 5008 . Of contemporary time: conricci in n-aimsir hi taam, Wb. 9a9 . is it amsir cluinti se / longes tri mac n-ard n-Uisle, IT i 70.7 (L. mac nU.). ro derscaigestar a tech . . . do thigib inna hamsiri sin uli, LU 8049 ( FB 1 ). rosháraigh na uili macu a aimsiri ar mét, RC x 188.3 . bo geis . . . don ḟilidh isin aimsir sin anfis do beith fair at that time, ACL iii 4.19 . lucht énaimsire contemporaries, Mart. Don. Feb. 7 . lifetime, life: do chomurtha a slánti ┐ tormmaig a amsire iarum , RC xii 436 § 46 . senoir . . . ar caithemh forgla a aisi ┐ a aimsiri, x 191.8 . biaidh m'aimsear 'n-a héanlaithibh, DDána 6.35 . do chaith a aimsir go haithrigheach, TSh. 413 .

(d) season (of year); weather: dorala ind aimsir geimrid it happened in the season of winter, Trip.² 112 . i naimsir in geamfuachta, Laws i 2.7 . i naimsir erraig, ii 120.17 Comm. to-tét meas fo aimsera, BDD² 261 . do 4 haimsearachaib na bliadhna, Corp. Astron. 16.1 . ba ro-mhaith in a.¤ ┐ na sligthe frissin ré sin weather, Fl. Earls 80.24 . aimsir theinntide thessaide neimhneach, 192.x.

(e) Gramm. Of the `time' or length of sounds and syllables: liquidae .i. hit lechdacha lesom in tan nád techtat acht oin aimsir `he deems them liquids when they have only one time', Sg. 5a10 . fat aimsire na sillab, Fél.² ccviii 5 . is cumair sin ┐ ni bi fair acht aimsear co leith tantum . . . da aimsir . . . forsin nguthaige fota, Auraic. 1349 . intan immorro is aenguthaige amal ata a o alt eter da aimsir and, 1432 . Of tense: issí ind amser éccríchtha `the unlimited tense (the aorist)', Thes. ii 229.26 ( PCr. 62b2 ).

? Temporal adverb: áirmhe náid aimseara . . . lochdach . . . a ttús chomhfhocuil cheirt, IGT Introd. 24 § 97 . áirmhe ┐ aimseara . . . aimseara, íairmbérla coimhleanamhna: ané, aniogh . . . lochdach a ttús chomhfhocuil íad, 28 § 125 .

airassa

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airassa or dil.ie/1599

Forms: airis(s)a, urus(s)a, urus

adj (2 assa(e)). Also airis(s)a, urus(s)a, urus, etc. Cf. 1 usa. See Éigse ix 162 . (very) easy: cain airlicthe ni aurasu a coccaelad la Fene ┐ libru, Laws v 370.9 . nī hairisa ōn, Corm. Y 447 = hirasa, Corm. 16.30 . ni haurussa damsa . . . comrac fri banscáil, LU 6086 (TBC). nir bo irusa a ḟrithalim, TFerbe 304 . nipsa rochrúaid nipsa ro irusa, Tec. Corm. p. 16 n.12 . co nach urusae d'ainglib / breith a anma o demnaib, ZCP vii 310.z . erusa a cur de, O'Dav. 782 . dob' urusa linne óig . . . do chur leat-sa, ML 44.5 . ba hurussa a haltram, Ériu iv 22.5 . ní hobair urusu sin, 174 § 1 . ni horsa a thurium `it is not easy to reckon . . .', Cog. 60.19 . mar as urasa a thuigsin, Desid. 866 . 'na chéim urusa `to be an easy step', Studies 1919, 257 § 12 . urusa n-agallma easy (of access), affable, ZCP ii 336.12 . dob uras dūinn chomhrádh fada do dhénamh, Mac Aingil 434 . uras damh a dhéanamh soin, Arch. Hib. i 93 § iii . Perh. also: ni hord erosa: is rabeōda intī fil and it is no easy task, TBC-I¹ 2157 (or to be referred to airis?). Compar. connach airissa a caithiugud (leg. cairiugud?) oldas a molad, BCrólige 57 ( O'Dav. 475 ). do b'usa ina sin, ITS xix 60.14 . With DI: is aurusaide brethemnus fair iarum , O'Curry 839 ( H 3.18, 383a ). Adv. go hurasa (who utter oaths) lightly , Parrth. Anma 2333 . co hurusa, ITS xix 60.13 .

1 airecht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 airecht or dil.ie/1904
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: oireacht

n u m. Later also f. Peritia v 91-92 . oireacht m. IGT Decl. § 24 .

(a) name given to the public assembly of freemen and later of the more important families in the territory whose functions included the transaction of certain important legal business; hence court ; see Críth G. p. 73 . On use in titles of Law-tracts see Jn. Celt. Stud. ii 188-92 . Sometimes used with dáil (distinction not clear). In more general sense gathering, assembly: airect gl. curia, Thes. ii 42.5 . cis lir cenēla airechta dochusin la Fēne? . . . a cōic: taeba.¤, a.¤ uirdnidhe ┐ a.¤ fo leth et a.¤ fodesin how many kinds of a. are there? ZCP xii 359.13 ( Cóic Con. p. 62 ) (see also cúl, taeba. ¤, oirdnide, leth, fadéin II (g)). ni tualaing rodgaba athgabail . . . manis comtheit suithengthad fó searnad airechta conid fri rosc ruirther who would arrange the procedure of the a., Laws i 84.10 .i. fer gaeth . . . srethaig dligedh in a.¤ , 20 Comm. (see fo-sern). is dithre o lesaibh airechta is excluded from redress in the a., 12 . ecuma airechta i.e. persons unqualified to plead before an a.¤ (?), 27 . co roisc a.¤ do timurcain till an a. has been collected together, 202.11 Comm. tacra la fear nad airbir a leass a n-a.¤ , v 252.11 . is do anfuiglib airechta wrong judgements of an a., 442.27 . is go airechta a n-astad a false finding of the a.(?), 510.2 . is sed is roairde ngotha and ma[d] mo na lucht na airechta do cluin he (of methods of pleading), Cóic Con. 34 § 36 . inurcra a feib . . . .i. in urcra do dul ina airmitin airechta i.e. his qualifications for the a.¤, O'D. 519 ( H 3.17, c. 422 ). nach dál ┐ nach oirecht conrisar la túathu ┐ rígu, Ériu ii 210 § 33 . a ndail no a n-airacht, Cóic Con. 18 § 10 , 49 § 92 , O'Curry 1206 ( H 3.18, 482a ). bethi fo seilib . . . hi cach airiucht i mbed, Trip.² 1590 . naim airthir in domain ina n-airiucht fo leith, LU 1970 ( FA § 4 ). doscuiched dochum na hairechta . . . ni roairig duine isindairiucht (of a horseman approaching a concourse on a hill), RC viii 50.15 . [l]e toidheachd uī Chuinn chugoibh / ō [a] oireacht, O'R. Poems 2570 . doching side for lar na hairechto, IT iii 239.128 . ro marbhadh somh . . . ar lár an aireachta, AFM iii 48.13 . cen dul ḟer i n-a.¤ ṁban, Metr. Dinds. iii 18.225 . Iuil . . . ro marbad ina h-airect h-fein i.e. the Roman Senate, Todd Nenn. 62.1 . mor-a.¤ na n-uli Iúdaide the Sanhedrin, PH 3711 . Name applied to the collective `ollavs' and pleaders of a territory: gurab ar ollamuin ┐ aighni na crichi tug dliged d'ainm forro airacht eolach no aineolach, O'Curry 2270 ( Eg. 88 fo. 20(21)b ). aighne airechta, name of a special kind of advocate: aighni airechta . . . . fer son ro huca a les do a.¤ ┐ dodnacair indi. Indfiadar do in les. Tanacair iarum on trath co raile . . . aignis lais uile ┐ nascairecht ┐ berrad ┐ comaidhches ┐ cain lanomhnai ┐ maccslechtai ┐ deich seotu uad do fer belrai lais ndeni ┐ a recht ┐ trian cach besa do cadesin ma tobach, O'Curry 813 (H. 3.18, 375a).

(b) Collective name for the leading nobles of a territory: a.¤ na aicme na ard-cinedh d'feraib Ereann, MR 248.26 . Mac D. . . . ┐ gach aon oile dá oireachtaibh `vassal chiefs', Maguires of F. § 10 . a urradha ┐ a ardtóisig . . . ┐ a oireacht, Hugh Roe 12.19 (fo. 3b) . d'éag a huaisle 's a hoireacht, Measgra D. 55.61 . nó go mbeadh oireacht mar ibh / ag toigheacht go teach taoisigh, DDána 71.22 . as iad fa ceud oireacht do ag gabháil righe Condacht, Hy Fiach. 52.14 . atá d'a eagla ara oireachtaib he is so feared by his subjects, Hy Maine 141.1 . mac duine oireachta `son of a chieftain', AFM v 1582.y . oireacht Chonaill mic Aodha `the party of', Keat. iii 1427 . With extended meanings: Oireacht Mhaoise the children of Israel, DDána 74.21 . an t-oireacht brónach (of the damned), IGT Decl. ex. 1170 . oirecht na haithrighe (penitents), ZCP viii 216.5 . do b'é in toirecht gan imsním (of the sons of Morna), SG 138.39 . Of military divisions or levies: ro erig cach saer-slúag . . . .i. cach a.¤ 'ar n-iadud fa'n aird-rig, MR 214.13 . sluag Emna, a.¤ Uladh, 212.10 . tucsat a clár clé fri a.¤ ar ammus ind átha (here the a.¤ consisted of Cú Ch. and Laeg representing Ulster), TBC-LL¹ 1872 . cuir uait t'armu . . . co raccillem in n-a.¤ `till we parley with the host' (of champions in single combat), Metr. Dinds. iv 360.140 . ac forind dona fearaib . . . ac airiucht aile dib, TTebe 1400 . ón oirecht Fhailghech `the host of Offaly', Studies 1920, 417.21 .

(c) patrimony, territory: taisigh [do] nach biad oirreachta no fearann taisigheachta, O'Curry 287 ( H 3.18, 158 ). ni gebhaitt da éis go cert / righe ar iath na ar oireacht (a curse on a family), BNnÉ 285 § 272 . maithi inn arechta `the chief men of the lordship', Ann. Conn. 1225.18 .

aithíarraid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aithíarraid or dil.ie/2680

v (íarraid) asks again, asks back: aithiarrais M. in clocc, Misc. Hag. Hib. 41 § 59 .

Vn. forcraidh forsin iarum (no for natniarraidh), Laws ii 176.16 Comm. nír an le a aithiarraidh he did not wait to be asked a second time, AFM v 1570.17 . d'aithiarraidh in airgit `to search again for the money', Fl. Earls 88.10 .

aithilte

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aithilte or dil.ie/2692

n = aithle: ni geinfe asa hathilti `after him', BColm. 14.11 . no iarum .i. asa haithilti, Laws ii 326.24 Comm. fríth dod t'aithinti . . . / do ṡidh d'aithilti th'athar, IGT Decl. ex. 966 .

1 aithnid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 aithnid or dil.ie/2761
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: aithnigid

v (1 aithne). Also aithnigid. Replaces earlier ad-noí, q.v.

(a) commits for preservation, delivers to, deposits with: ro aithne a eclais do Pátraic, Trip.² 723 (= commendavit). commenda .i. aithnem (leg. -nim, Plummer MS. notes), Laws i 298.21 Comm. mo charpait, m'eich uili n-og nosaithnim do Maine mór aithnim m'elgnatus uili d'Ḟiachaich I bequeath, Rawl. 138a32 . ini ro haithned o'n fir isa hae co facus tar a eisi isin tig, Laws v 196.18 Comm. dia n-aithnir iat cin co be buachaill, 126.28 Comm. (of cattle). don daer . . . ro haithnid na seoit . . . i necmais a tigerna, iii 230.19 Comm. na haithne aithniter don duine in eislind, 220.11 Comm. na huile aithne ro haithnigedh do duine, ii 304.15 Comm. co roaichni in conair fuigill is fir 'that he pledge the Path of Truth' CIH v 1590.11 , ZCP xlix-l 314 . in fear naithnigther in aithne, O'D. 1180 (H 2.15, p. 25 col. 2). ro haithned . . . i n-ērlaim espuic C. `it was then given into the hands of the bishop of C.', MacCongl. 43.5 .

(b) entrusts to, commits to the care of, commends to: ros aithne di alaili óig día forcitul commended her to a certain virgin to be taught, Trip.² 2081 . aithnid occ Cassan do legund, 835 `del- ivers him to C. (to learn) to read', Trip. 77 . atnaig in clēirech leis co C. nD. hī ┐ mos-aithin (leg. nos-a.?) aicce í do lēigenn lē. ACL iii 308 vi 8 . ro aithniset fir Muman a ngiall dia airchisecht, LU 4365 = ngiallu dia n-airchiseacht, Anecd. i 16.8 bestowed their hostages to be looked after. co bo thrí didiu non-aithned Mac con do Chormac offered himself (?), RC xiii 462 § 68 . robi bliadan lan i mbadhud conid iarum ronathnai airisi `then (the sea) gave them up again', Folklore iv 477 § 57 (Edinb. Dinds.). aithnim thú do Rígh na rīgh, ZCP vii 301 § 11 . aithin mé dot oide a Eoin commend me to thy Master, Dán Dé i 1 . is duid aithnes anmanda do carat ┐ a laimdeo `to you she commits the souls of thy friends and her household gods', Aen. 525 . aithnim m'anmain it lámaib, Ériu vi 114 § 2 .

(c) commends, prescribes (a course of action) to (DO): ro athne dam náro chreitind, Trip.² 801 (= non siniuit mihi credere). in tan aithnes aní seo dia apstalaib, LU 2579 . aithnit do (= dó) cogad do denam they exhort him to make war, Cog. 146.16 . d'athain Crist can sin d'innisin `forbade [them] to tell that', Maund. 107 . inní aitheonus mé . . . dogéntar inni sin, BNnÉ 67.y . aithnidir is-ind recht in timna-sa na déirce, PH 5845 . do chuir i gcéill dá fheartaibh / bás t'oidhir nach aitheantair `that His death was not imposed on Him (against His will)', Aithd. D. 59.25 . aithin damsa an tinad point out the place to me, SG 2.29 .

With DE orders, commands: atberim frib . . . ┐ aichnim díb I tell and demand of you, LB 143a45 . ro athain da aes grada can a adhnocol isin brug, YBL 181b19 . aichnigid dia muinteraib can a corpu do chumhscugudh, Todd Nenn. 204 note p. issed aithnius díot an Flaith, ZCP vii 301 § 8 . do aithin de . . . beith ag frecor ecluisi Torón, xi 138 § 255 . aithnighis (ro fuagair v.l.) di gan urcóid do denamh, BNnÉ 8 § 27 . ná bíodh uirre aithnim dí / cumha a meic, DDána 76.13 . ar na neithibh do athain an Tighearna dhíot, Desid. 4883 .

(e) Exceptional usages: ro athain a mathair é ri techt enjoined on him not to go, TTebe 3729 . ? do athain an Coimhdhe re n-a ndídean `called upon the Lord', Maguires of F. § 3 .

aithrigech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aithrigech or dil.ie/2784
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: aithirgech

adj o, ā (aithrige). Also aithirgech. regretful, penitent: arnarab íarum aithirgech (MS aithrigech) 'so that he should not thereafter be regretful', Contract Law 126 § 2 ( CIH vi 2043.14 ). sluag na mban n-athergech, SR 7480 . bás aithrigheach, BNnÉ 161 § 23 . cen corop óg nó a.¤ , BColm. 52.7 . ateoch frit na huile noebu aithrigechu (aithircecha v.l.), Ir. Lit. 30.y . do righne an eagluis riaghlacha ┐ canoin aithridheacha penitential(?), Luc. Fid. 234.20 .

As subst. a penitent: edach ┐ erredh an aithrigidh, Anecd. iii 6.1 . nóim no ailitrig no aitrigig, IT i 177.24 .

amgné

Cite this: eDIL s.v. amgné or dil.ie/3135

n (gné) evil aspect: iarum rosrathaig Túath Dé / ros-brathaig úath is amgné, Metr. Dinds. iii 4.46 .

1 amlaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 amlaid or dil.ie/3145

later form of 1 samlaid.

(a) Frequently replacing O. Ir. amail with demonstr. (cf. O. Ir. amail ṡodain s.v. 1 suide, amal sin, PH 116 ), giving adv. phrase a.¤ sin, a.¤ so thus, so (both words being stressed in syll. verse: coimhéadaidh Aodh amhlaidh sain: Murbhaigh, DDána 75.6 ). The meaning varies between the literal in that (this) way and the more general thus, so, accordingly, then: blíadain don chúiciud a.¤ sin, MU² 29 . do rad min aire is amlaich sin cech día `so every day', Mon. Tall. 147.11 (§ 52) (is a.¤ perh. for samlaid, cf. cach [la] gabal tra issuidiu araile hisesam is a.¤ canitir in pater gebesim i forciund cacha gabala, 140.4 ). co rochet . . . a.¤ sin tarsin nglend, LU 2154 ( FA 22 ) (amal sin, v.l., IT i 185.20 ). ni a.¤ sin ba-sa, TBC-LL¹ 49 . roḟata atám a.¤ -seo, 3549 . conid a.¤ sin fuair bas, RC xxiv 186.8 . mar theid . . . is amlaidh sin docuaid E., Stair Erc. 497 . an amhluidh sin remain in that posture, Parrth. Anma 4425 . in tan tra batar a n-oen inad a.¤ -sin, PH 15 . is ecen co n-icthar cech ní . . . a.¤ -so, 7538 . go ngialldaois dó amhlaidh sin, TSh. 3074 . In greeting: a.¤ sin a Mess Gegra, ar Conall. ató sund ar M., LL 13503 . a.¤ sin, ol in gilla. Is a.¤ eigin, ol si, RC xxiv 196.23 .

(b) Replacing O. Ir. samlaid thus, so: duine do thenid 's do thalmain / fuine deighḟir a.¤ hī, ACL iii 242 § 7 . dogentar a.¤ `so shall it be done', RC xxiv 200.23 . sechtmain . . . bói a.¤ , Arch. Hib. ii 70 § 7 . do marbhadh meisi led mharbhnaidh / marbhnadh deisi amhlaidh í, IGT Decl. ex. 582 . ionmhuin le Dia í amhlaidh, DDána 99.23 . Brought forward with copula: meise is amhlaidh do hionnarbadh, Dán Dé xvi 2 . an corp ní hamhlaidh do b'áil, xxiii 7 . amhlaidh budh fhearr gach itche, iv 28 . ní amlaidh do rála dhó `it did not so turn out for him', TFrag. 242.1 . Note also: amhail na eirghedh C. air, as amhlaidh ro eirghe M. . . . dó as C. would not rise against him, therefore, TFrag. 242.3 .

Hence as quasi-adj.: cian ó bhaois airrdhe amhlaidh such a sign, DDána 99.39 . díoth amhlaidh `many a like destruction', TD 18.29 .

With follg. explanatory clause: is a.¤ domel C. a ḟlaith: a trian ind lāi oc dēcsain na macraidi etc. this is how etc., TBC-I¹ 369 ( LU 4858 ). is a.¤ ro buí side Cú Ch. rotan-ail, MU² 166 . is a.¤ táncatar, cach briugu cona bantuilg etc., 195 . is a.¤ tra canithsom na salmu. Randaich (leg. rannaid, Ed.) cach caocad hi cethair `he sings the psalms as follows,' Mon. Tall. 139.9 . a.¤ itá in rí go rath / gan deiredh is gan tosach, ZCP viii 114.4 .

With .i.: is a.¤ dognithe in tarbfes sin .i. tarb find do marbad . . ., LU 3450 ( SCC 23 ). is a.¤ so tra ro-foired . . . .i. téidm ┐ plaig . . ., PH 371 . is amlaidh ro buí C. .i. fodhmoir romor, Stair Erc. 762 .

With OCUS: is a.¤ dognítis sin ┐ a claidib fora slíastaib this is how they did that, with their swords etc., LU 3234 (sic MS. SCC 2 ). is a.¤ buí Cú Ch. ┐ comfhled mór ace, MU² 41 . is amlaidh do roine si in samugad sin . . . ┐ di cairigh a coraid ina laim, Laws iv 10.4 Comm. is amlaidh iarum ro geanair in mac sin ┐ duirb cecha lamha dó thus the boy was born, with a worm in each of his hands, RC vi 177.107 .

With CO N-: is a.¤ bui in chaillech comba duibithir gual cech n-alt . . ., RC xxiv 196.15 . amhlaidh chreidim . . . go dtibhre, Dán Dé xvi 6 . is amhloidh forcaomhnagair go ro taissealbadh, Fl. Earls 194.5 .

Occasionally indicating simultaneous action: is amlaidh adubhairt ┐ ro thogaib in libher `as he spoke he raised his club', Stair Erc. 806 . is amlaidh adubhairt ┐ tug ola neime di `as he said this he gave her a poisonous oil', 2286 . is amhlaidh adubhairt [┐ ?] tuc béim cloidhimh dh'A., SG 66.22 .

With virtual loss of meaning of a.¤ (as in spoken lang. Perh. also under some of preceding headings): ní fhuil cruth a mbearar ar .sh. nach amhlaidh as cóir úaim ria, IGT Introd. § 13 . is a.¤ tōgaibhthe do na nāimhdip bean uassal, Fl. Earls 48.16 . is amlaidh ro bui in cathair sin . . . a nglinn `and that city was in a valley', Stair Erc. 772 .

Wrongly for amail: a coibne coir comarda .i. amlaidh ro coibindtigedh etc., Laws iv 40.2 (text and Comm.).

anál

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anál or dil.ie/3335
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: anál

n ā, f. Orig. vn. of anaid. Celt. Verb p. 186 . Pedersen, Litteris ii 77 - 94 (Best Bibliogr.), LEIA anál f. IGT Decl. § 149 . n. sg. anáil, Loinges mac nDuíl Dermait 58 § 31 . act of breathing; breath: donanáil gl. anele, Gild. Lor. gl. 123 ( anhela, Du Cange , see Ascoli xxxiii ). ic egmig impu . . . fot a n-anali till out of breath, LU 1902 ( RC x 56.15 ). anála fer ┐ ech, 9246 . anáil nathrach, 5442 (TBC). rob imda airech . . . ica urgabail ar n-urnaidm a anala air through shortness of breath (of fleeing men), MR 318.11 . tocbaid bar n-anála i núachtur bar cléib du bar n-étrummugud tairis, Mer. Uil. 65 . tromtínfed a mbrenanala, BB 495a8 . bolad fína lía anóil (: óir), LU 3640 ( SCC 31 ). a.¤ mnáa lat ingin breathes like a woman, Fing. R. 373 ( ZCP iii 5 § 14 ). omun iar sin hi cride / iss a.¤ hi trommchride (on the situation (in the body) of the passions and propensities), ACL iii 223.10 . lán dom anáil ón uabhar puffed up with pride(?), Studies 1924, 87 § 16 . cuir mar thúis anáil th'ochta / fam ghnúis d'fhagháil fhurtochta, DDána 67.30 . goill dom athchur 'sdom arguin / . . . / rug a hanáil óm inntinn, 90.5 . do-bhir dá ḟine a n-anáil `who gives life to his kinsfolk', TD 32.80 . lé anáil na nél um nóna / fér ag fagháil chóra a críaidh, IGT Decl. ex. 1153 . d'anáil óirmheirgeadh the breeze caused by the waving of ensigns, L. Cl. A. B. 100.200 . lé séideadh nó lé súghadh a anáile, TSh. 1896 . oiret anala géoid the slightest breath, RC xxiv 381.18 . táinig d'anáil chuaigh fa Chormac `such fumes arose from the goblet', TD 29.34 .

In various phrases. do-beir a.¤ fo breathes on: a ndorat a anáil foí when he blew under it (of a fire), Trip.² 132 . tuc a a.¤ fai iarsin `the Devil breathed on him them', BCC 454.28 . do-beir a.¤ for: dobeir an sacart secht n-[an]ála Dē for a muin the priest breathes seven breaths of God on his back (significance obscure, apparently a form of appeasement), BColm. 96.27 . dobeir íarum an t-airchindech secht n-anāla Dē for a muin corigci an lic i ndorus a tighi apad, 29 . gaibid ar (for) a.¤ : no co ngaba for thrí ara anáil till he thrice holds in his breath, Mer. Uil. 135 . rogab for a anáil, CCath. 2072 . do léici, léicid a.¤ exhales breath: crét tái cen t'anál do lécud immach? PH 8136 . ro teilgedh a anál, CCath. 2164 . aithinne dubh . . . léicis Mlaise a anáil foillsigh / fúithib gur shoillsigh, SG 27.33 . dia ttealccat an lucht úd a n-anala get breathing time, AFM v 1766.24 . do-léici, léicid a.¤ do: ma tarlaic a nanala doibh if he gave them a breathing space (of driving cattle), O'Curry 2325 ( Eg. 88, 25 (26)b ). ro léc a tri nanala doib, O'Curry 2341 (ib. 26 (27)c ). intan dorelced mo anāl damsa provided I can breathe, TBC-I¹ 2192 . nír léig Gall ort a anáil 'no foreigner breathed upon you', Giolla Brighde 40 § 5 .

In descriptions of heroes' feats (precise application not clear): rothchless ┐ otar ┐ cless for análaib (of Cú Chulainn), LU 5972 (= gless (cleas St.) for a.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 2111 ). eter chles for análaib ┐ ubullchles ┐ siaburchles, 8442 ( FB 30 ). léim tar neimh ┐ cleas fur anala, RC xxix 128 § 35 . ro clisius for analaib / uasa uíb ( ? uas aúib) na n-ech, LU 9345 . immasleig cach la beirt immin n-araid gabáil na n-ésse biid uasaib ┐ análaib, 9294 . Cf. in descriptions of fighting: is amlaid bís mo chú . . . oc imguin ós analaib, TBC-LL¹ 531 . arfich ó aíb ech ┐ analaib fer, LU 8347 ( FB 24 ). atrácht a én gaile osa anáil co m-búi for folúamain imma chend (of Hercules), LL 225a48 ( TTr. 600 ). rachomaicsigsetar na catha da ceile . . . co raeirgetar a n-eoin gaile ósa n-analaib, 239b42 ( 1706 ).

Of recitation, ref. to the number of words, etc. to be spoken in one breath: intan ba roscadh . . . cindas nothomsidhe? . . . do focul forba anaile no-taispenta don choiceadh focul, uair is coic focail romesadh i n-anail in filed by a word completing a breath which was indicated by the fifth word . . ., Auraic. 930 = 3860 . dilius do bair[d]ne a tomus et coir n-anala their measure and correct phrasing (lit. breathing), 3528 . is é cóir nanála .i. narop sia las in bfer nít gaib (= nodgaib ?) ó aná[i]l cen (leg. cech ?) leth ┐ gach cethruma inás a céile, ar na roib cam .i. cin claen dona claenaib . . . that the man who recites it in (one ?) breath may not prolong any one couplet or any one line more than another(?), O'D. 1222 (H 2.15, 86b). Of the chanting of psalms: a sailm iar fersaib ┐ linib ┐ adhantaib ┐ analaib, Laws v 24.9 Comm. oc cetul a shalm . . . for aillib ┐ annalaib ┐ ernalib, MacCongl. 13.11 . Of the recitation of a magic formula: D. doroine dic[h]etal do cennaib for enanail do cuingidh feraind for C., LL 392b53 . Similarly: for óenchoiss ┐ óenláim ┐ óenanáil rachain dóib insin uile, LU 6983 = BDD² 562 . Legal: tucait mbinniusa .i. a foclaib ┐ a nanalib diction and enunciation (of speaking in court), O'D. 849 (H 3.17, c. 603). fot naen anala do boaire, ┐ .u. focuil inti, a dó do filid . . . a tri do flaith . . . a secht do eclais, ┐ nai focail cethrachat indtib, O'Curry 698 (H 3.18, 337). go deich do foclaib ┐ vii nanala don eclais ┐ vii focail in cach anail . . . da anail don fili ┐ v focail in cach anail, 227 (122).

On the connection between a.¤ and poetic art (aí), see Celtica vi 215 ff. do glaine n-anáile, Ériu xiii 37.15 . do-glind anáil / ailibh caoinibh / inghen gaoithe . . . eisimh teisimh / eallaing, teallaincc, 16 . a hainm (i.e. aí) i ccaoimthecht fria hanail, 39.24 .

Compd. anal-utmall of quick breath, panting , CCath. 4956 .

anechtair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anechtair or dil.ie/3534

ind ( an + echtair, GOI § 483 ). Adv. from outside: ma do ti eiseart co treabaire lais a nechtair, Laws iv 128.11 (`der von auswärts zu seinem Land zurückkehrt', Bürgschaft 84 ). With idea of motion much reduced outside: amal tegdais foratochar deglí a.¤ ┐ is fás a inchrud ammedón, Tur. 14 ( Thes. i 485.21 ). roghabhastair uime thairis sin amuigh a neachtair lúireach throm, ML 112.3 . In combination with prepp. fri . . . a.¤ : donaib naimtib bite frie a.¤ `to the enemies who are outside it (the tabernacle)', Ml. 40c15 . a mbaí C. fri les anechtar, Trip.² 1467 . ardrach forru fría tír anechtar, 2684 . ro buí airther láime din claideb fria trúaill a.¤ outside its sheath, BDD² 1005 . fria chend a.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 1268 . a leth i teinid ┐ a leth fri teinidh annechtair, Ériu xi 46.4 . unsea ra dún anair a.¤ , MU² 526 . foscichret i crandchor íarum. Fáicebthair Lugaid fris a.¤ `L. will be left out of the chance', RC xiii 444 § 24 . ni fil fri hiarraith a.¤ `something in addition to', Laws ii 170.8 . diablad do frisin re sin fil fris a.¤ `the time (during which) it has been taken away from him', v 248.32 Comm. di . . . a.¤ : robdar édghadha dia ccorpaibh aineachtair, AFM vi 1918.9 . for (ar) . . . a.¤ : tromluirech . . . for sidhe a.¤ `outside that', Stair Erc. 244 . Fig. cardes sliasta Medba air sin a.¤ and M.'s friendship as well, TBC-LL¹ 108 .

As quasi-adj. with substantives: ind oís anechtir `the outland folk', Wb. 16d12 . intan mbís rí a.¤ leis inna thúaith, Críth G. 561 . a fot fri dún . . . a fot anechtair on the side nearest the `dún', on the outside (of a rampart), 572 . athgabail ambui a.¤ , Laws v 260.y . in gilla turusa . . . .i. fer a.¤ foas aen aidchid lat, i 160.y Comm. ind óic annechtair donnáncatar, TBFr. 139 . flaith coṅgbála co slúagaib a.¤ , ZCP xi 86 § 44 .

See díanechtair.

anfolad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anfolad or dil.ie/3585

Forms: anfolta

adj (folud). Predominantly in pl. (anfolaid, anfolta). Later (in sense II) with sg. anfola as dental stem (cf. 2 fola).

I Legal. Lit. bad `folud' (see Thurn. ZCP xiv 374 ). Always of improper conduct or behaviour by one party to a contract, settlement, etc. In Laws and Plummer MS notes translated disqualification , by Thurneysen schlechtes Gehaben, etc.: da ndernu in flaith indligedh marbtha res in cele is dilus do . . . imsgar res tre anfoltuib flatha i.e. if the lord commits a murder which injures the client the latter may withdraw from his relationship with him, Laws ii 274.9 Comm. tria anbfoltaibh flatha (of a lord who brings a larger retinue to the house of a tenant than he is entitled to), 232.8 Comm. imscarad imtoga . . . cen anfolta nechtar da lina i.e. a separation by mutual choice of `flaith' and `céile' without either being guilty of wrong conduct, ZCP xiv 384 § 49 ( Laws ii 312 ). imscarad do-tluigi(g)t[h]er flaith fri aigillni na bit anfolaid in ceili gaibter ann i.e. a separation which the `flaith' wishes but not because of any misconduct on the part of the `céile', 385 § 50 (ib. 316 ). imscarad fri hanmolta (leg. anfolta, Ed.) aicgillne mad anfoltach in cele frisin flaith, 387 § 53 (ib. 324 ). imscarad fri anfolta flatha, 387 § 52 (ib. 322 ). bit dono anfolaid beca and cheana na tuillet anisin, 388 § 53 . imscarad contethgatar anfolaid cechtar da lina an am inda-frecrat anfolaid fo cutruma separation due to bad conduct on both sides, 388 § 54 (ib. 326 ). cach innurbut anfoluid every (woman ?) whom bad conduct causes to be repudiated, Laws iii 60.17 . atait secht n-anfolaid fofuaslaicet udhburta in domain i.e. there are seven actions (repugnant to a church) by which one may nullify one's gifts (of land to a church), v 128.13 . tir aduberar do eaclais ar anmain, nad oide folta ata coire fri hubairt (text) .i. . . . ni dona anfoltaib fofuaslaicet udbarta in domain uil ann aice, 430.11 Comm. na nai ngrada deidinach so . . . ni caemtheta dire . . . na hanfolta, iv 352.9 . anfoladh ┐ docerd ┐ anendge (oppd. to airilliudh ┐ indrucus ┐ endce), 344.15 . Note also: ca coma iarrái ar mac micc in rigfeinded? . . . Gan mo léicen . . . nóco tí m'anfalta fein rium till I give reason through my own deficiencies (of a betrothal), Acall. 5700 . Cf. II (c).

II General.

(a) injury, wrong, injustice (where a poss. precedes this has objective force): ba anfola ┐ ba immarcraid ┐ ba écóir a cartad a purt, LL 220a18 ( TTr. 216 ). is forrán fích rabar foglúais ┐ iss anfola immarcraid, 238b18 (ib. 1612 ). i n-a fích immarcraid ┐ i n-a anfolaid anfóill, 222a43 (ib. 377 ). imda ar n-anfala na tig / ic clannaib Labrada Longsich many the injuries done to us(?), 6982 . do cuimnigh a egóir ┐ a anfolaid `his wrongs and injuries', Celt. Rev. iv 14.18 . ? marb an rí . . . / d'fuillídhain is d'anḟalaigh, Acall. 1203 v.l.

Very common with verbs of avenging, pardoning, etc.: acc aithe a ndímiadha a n-anffaladh ┐ a n-aincridhe, AFM v 1614.23 . d'aithe a anffoladh ar a eassccairdibh, vi 2146.15 . fear aithe a anfhalta, MR 262.12 . cen a ancraide ┐ can a anfolaid do dígail, LL 227b10 ( TTr. 761 ). do ḟogail a n-anfolaid for Troiannu, LL 231b49 (`illgotten wealth', TTr. 1081 ). aicsiu cach ríg . . . d'iarraid a n-a.¤ for Troianaib, 232b41 ( 1156 ). díghēlum a[r] n-anfolta fuirri, Fianaig. 54.28 . mana ica-sa t'anfholta no t'anfiacha, MR 264.3 . nír maithset meic E. a n-anbfala do'n céd ruathar, 244.3 .

Hence (b) resentment, grievance, grudge, feud, enmity: ros cuimnigset a n-anfalaid bunaid do chlannaib N., LB 119b32 = BB 18b3 . cor-morad tra cocad ┐ anḟolta iarum i cend cloinde N., LB 119b36 = BB 18b6 . rochumnig cách a anfolaid dia cheli, TFerbe 395 . mé do mharbhadh an mhoghadh / a Dhé an adhbhar anfholadh ? `is this a ground for enmity?', Studies 1924, 242 § 10 . Perh. also: adhnoidh a fhíoch dh'anfholtoibh / críoch fhaghloidh go n-adhantair `in fits of fury', O'Hara 189 . do tabairt córach do M. ina agarthaib ┐ ina anfhaltaib to give M. satisfaction in the matter of his . . . grievances(?), Caithr. Thoirdh. 135.26 .

(c) crime, offence, sin: ciaptar imda a n-anfolaid, Metr. Dinds. iii 390.66 . ar n-a dhiochar tre n-a analtoibh féin a h-Alban, ITS v 26.26 . D. do marbadh . . . tria a anfoltaibh ┐ tria chiontaibh féin, AFM ii 1138.2 . banaltra Dē . . . m'anḟalta lē lēiccfidher my sins will be forgiven for her sake(?), ZCP xii 380.5 . gur bháidh uile ar n-anfholta `till it overwhelmed our sins', A. Ó Dálaigh xv 2 .

Note also: in da oll-broinig . . . anfalaidh, MR 222.20 .

anirlithe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anirlithe or dil.ie/3655

adj (airlithe) disobedient: robtar anirlithi iarum , Wb. 27c8 , 29b2 . [int]í bes a.¤ no nád chomalnathar an asberar friss, 27c14 .

ar-foím

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ar-foím or dil.ie/4118

Forms: ara-foimi, arafoim, arfaom, ar-foem, -eróim, -arfaem, -eroemaid, araḟóimat, arfoemat, -eroimer, araḟóimtar, eróimsiu, aurfhoímsiu, urfoem, íroimed, aurfaomaid-si, -airoemath, -aurimeth, -auremeth, arfoemtis, -aurfóemha, -urfaoma, arafoima, arfaoma, ara-faema, -eróima, -eroema, arfoimam, -arroímat, -eroimet, arfaomtar, araḟóimtar, -arfaomad, arafoimtis, eróimtis, ar-foímae, arfaemfet, ar fo et, arfoet-som, ar-roiéitsa, arroet, arroét, arróet, arároét, arroéit, arróit, -arroit, -arroet, arrohet, arroet, arraet, -roiat, in ara-roiat, ar-róet, ardosroet, a- are, ad-cota (-ét), eimid, roet, orohet, diaroet, o ra ét, araróitmar, arróittid, arroétatar, -arroetatar, -arróimsat, arfōitea, -arroeta, airfaomaid, airaímid, airḟáemad

v See remarks under ar-eim. Indic. pres. 2 s. ara-foimi, Ml. 68a8 . 3 s. arafoim, Ml. 17c7 . arfaom, Mon. Tall. 132.24 (§ 14) . ar-foem, Auraic. 1617 . -eróim, Sg. 139a5 . -arfaem, ZCP v 498.26 . ? 2 pl. -eroemaid, LL 13784 . 3 pl. araḟóimat, Sg. 50b17 . arfoemat, Wb. 34a6 . Pass. sg. -eroimer, Ml. 17c7 . Pl. araḟóimtar, Sg. 156b4 . Ipv. 2 s. eróimsiu, Ml. 132c15 . aurfhoímsiu, TBFr. 118 . urfoem (urfaom v.l.), O'Dav. 1610 . 3 s. íroimed, Wb. 6d4 . aurfaomaid-si, O'Mulc. 327 (see Bergin, Ériu xii 216 ). Indic. impf. 3 s. -airoemath, Ériu vi 134.20 . -aurimeth, 22 . -auremeth, 29 . 3 pl. arfoemtis, Ériu vi 134.24 . Subj. pres. 2 s. -aurfóemha, O'Dav. 1610 = -urfaoma, O'D. 2211 (Nero A vii, 145b). 3 s. arafoima, Ml. 17c3 . arfaoma, Mon. Tall. 160.16 (§ 79) . ara-faema, ZCP xiv 384 § 49 ( Laws ii 316 ). -eróima, Thes. i 498.3 . -eroema, Ériu vii 168 § 12 . 1 pl. arfoimam, Thes. ii 245.12 (Cambr.). 3 pl. -arroímat, Wb. 14d37 . -eroimet, Ml. 30d13 . Pass. sg. arfaomtar, Mon. Tall. 148.18 (§ 57) . Pass. pl. araḟóimtar, Sg. 156b4 . Subj. impf. 3 s. -arfaomad, Mon. Tall. 150.19 (§ 61) . Pl. arafoimtis. Ml. 28c18 . eróimtis, Wb. 26a22 . Fut. 2 s. ar-foímae, Ériu xviii 26 § 3 . 3 pl. arfaemfet, Otia ii 94 § 4 . Pret. 3 s. ar fo et (three sylls. required), Blathm. 179 . arfoet-som, Ériu iii 140.177 . Perf. 1 s. ar-roiéitsa, Wb. 6d14 . 3 s. arroet, Ml. 17c3 . arroét, 7 . arróet, 16a4 . arároét, 25d10 . arroéit, Wb. 28d28 . arróit, 32d10 . -arroit, Ml. 36a34 . -arroet, 25d11 . arrohet, SR 2439 . arroet, 7597 . arraet, Ériu vi 135.55 . -roiat in ara-roiat, Ml. 24d28 may be disyllabic, see GOI 685 . The follg., guaranteed by metre, may have been infl. by prot. stem of ad-cota: ar-róet, Corp. Gen. 281.17 ( Rawl. 158b4 ). ardosroet, ZCP iii 21.13 . Disyll. forms without initial a- are to be explained either by elision, as due to infl. of prot. stem of ad-cota (-ét), or possibly even as forms of an uncompounded verb *eimid: roet, BB 259a58 (= aroet, YBL 179b10 ). orohet, SR 1058 (= arroet, LB 110a ). diaroet, 7510 . o ra ét (oráet MS), LU 2984 . Note also monosyllabic róet, Metr. Dinds. iv 316.16 . 1 pl. araróitmar, Wb. 9c10 . 2 pl. arróittid, Wb. 13a30 . 3 pl. arroétatar, Trip.² 2642 . -arroetatar, Ériu vi 134.30 . With s-pret. -arróimsat, Wb. 26a23 . Pass. pl. arfōitea, ZCP viii 312.19 . -arroeta, Ann. Inisf. 887 .

Later as simple vb. airfaomaid (airfoemaid, airaímid) with vn. airḟáemad. Cf. 1 airitid, airitnigid.

(a) accepts, receives, assumes, takes with a wide variety of objects (persons, orders, sacraments, etc.): is hó athir arroét macc cumachtae, Ml. 17c7 . anarróet deacht doinacht, 16a4 . aróittid dano mo precept, Wb. 13a30 . ní tio araḟóimat sidi oca cruthugud ó anmmanaib diil tanisi `it is not -tio that these assume', Sg. 50b17 . o rohet Adam anmain, SR 1058 . ar-foímae it brú gein `thou wilt receive', Ériu xviii 26 § 3 . arin mathair mbáidh o ro airimis (ór airaemhais v.l.) by the loving mother from whom Thou didst receive it (of Christ's humanity), Ir. Lit. 20.15 . anti ardo[b]foim si as messe ar[a]fóim gl. qui uos recipit, me recipit, Ériu iii 4.18 . nicon arroet iarum duine etir asenath do anmchairdiu, Mon. Tall. 135.20 (§ 23) . arrōet Cāier Nēde hi mac dō fobīth nī rotecht mac cena, Corm. Y 698 ( Anecd. iv 58 ). ni urfaoma righ . . . hi rathaighes fruit `do not accept a king . . . as surety for you', Ériu xi 73 § 1 . ardafoem in carpat he, vi 135.51 . ar-us-fōet caill i.e. they have been buried in the wood, Fianaig. 10.z . is é in coimdid no-s-eraimend, PH 6146 . aurfoemaid in coimdiu chuci ina múinterus, IT i 170.7 . is dó sein arroét-som in n-ainm as Cothraige, Trip.² 202 . arroétatar . . . sacarbaicc, 1150 . arfoím C. . . . in n-imarchor o Fergus, LU 5650 ( TBC-I¹ 1173 ). corugud cach cuaille iar nuachtur ┐ lamcur doib conach urfaema in talam that the ground may not receive it (i.e. that it may not sink into the ground entirely(?). Of making a fence), Laws iv 112.12 . urfoem (urfaom v.l.) .i. fir[ḟ]aom, ut est ni aurfóemha (urfaomha v.l.) dana na cloen, O'Dav. 1610 cf. O'D. 2211 (Nero A vii, 145b): dana nis n-urfaoma o beguib na moruibh. aurfaomaidsi gnīma (a) fir, O'Mulc. 327 `let her accept the duties of a man', Ériu xii 216 . arróet Ísu barghin i n-a láim, PH 5048 . secip erfhoemus brothairne do t'étach whoever receives, 1429 . ní fúair mnái ronirḟáem (ronfirfaem v.l.), Metr. Dinds. iii 300.28 . conad do sil Meic Milead arroḟaetar (ro ḟeadadar, roedattar v.l.) mna, ZCP xiv 64.9 . arroet Ceallach gradha uasalepscoip C. received the order of bishop, AFM ii 984.2 .

(b) agrees to (a proposal), consents to: ? ol issed aroai[t] doib in inbaid sin comrag ar galaib aenfer, BB 495b 8 = ar ba head roimraided leó, Alex. 774 . mad ro urfaem in bidbaid apadh i faesam, Laws i 98.25 Comm. ben ara-fuim imurfhis do chind a ceile a woman who agrees to be unfaithful to her husband, Laws v 272.7 . aroét an ben on (don v.l.) Dagda acht nibad oman E. `would have yielded', Ériu xii 142.7 .

(c) accepts (ill-treatment), submits to: aroet maithe Ulad . . . tuitim im Chuscraid `it was the lot of the nobles of U. to fall around C.', Ériu viii 176 § 10 .

(d) permits, allows: arfoemad immurgu aithcomarc neich dond áos fuirbti `he would sometimes allow holy persons to consult him', Mon. Tall. 135.22 (§ 23) . is dlighedh urfaemus a toichedh, Laws i 90.22 Comm. taithbec ind uilc . . . nád eroim a ícc tria guidi, Ériu vii 162 § 5 .

ar-gaib

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ar-gaib or dil.ie/4131

Forms: aritngaib, arusgaibet, airgaibther, condomarrgabadsa, argēba, argébtar, -ergebad, ardagaib, arangabsat, -argabait, airgaibid, aurgabtha, airgabál, aritngaib

v ( Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 531 analyses as *ar-ro-gaib, apparently on basis of Wb. 17d14 (infra), but there is no further evidence for the presence of -ro-). Indic. pres. 3 s. aritngaib (MS), Críth G. 556 . 3 pl. arusgaibet, TBFr. 398 . Pass. sg. airgaibther, LL 14563 . -aurgabar, Anecd. iii 43.11 . Subj. impf. 3 s. condomarrgabadsa gl. ut me comprehenderet, Wb. 17d14 . Fut. 2 s. argēba, TBC-I¹ 1089 . Pass. pl. argébtar, ZCP xi 87 § 48 . Condit. 3 s. -ergebad, Aen. 131 . Pret. 3 s. ardagaib, Ériu iv 22.18 . 3 pl. arangabsat gl. tenuerunt, Ml. 74b2 . Pass. pl. -argabait, BDD² 211 .

Later as simple vb. airgaibid.

Part. aurgabtha gl. temtum (of the arrest of Christ), Thes. ii 28.35 (BCr.). See also airgabthae.

Vn. airgabál.

Seizes, captures, takes hold of: costud sīde . . . .i. nī aurgabar acht a síth, Anecd. iii 43.11 . fer gaibes fer béogabáil ┐ aridngaib (aritngaib MS) i roí, Críth G. 556 . argab triar dib `he caught hold of three of them', Ériu xvi 37 § 4 . ar argaibtiside enech iar cech mebuil chetni, O'Mulc. 403 . ? a Eua cid arnotgeib ? SR 1693 . Aillend aibind airdgeba / Carman clothach comgheba , LL 386b31 = A.¤ ard co n-urgebha, BB 278a38 ( Leb. Cert. 202.3 ). inber Eathair airdgheba , LL 386b37 . irgabthair Loegaire, RC xiii 52 § 40 . roergaib indara comairlid do Dauīd he seized one of David's two counsellors, ZCP xiii 178.3 . intan roirghabh Magnus Cam in cathair sin, Marco P. 138 . co ronergab éc until he died, Arch. Hib. ii 82 § 6 . roirgabh robor ítadh in gillae, RC xxvii 300 § 69 .

In sense of raises up, lifts up (FRI against) (see airgabál): is fria maccu . . . ar-gébtar (airgébtair, arangebtar v.l.) gnúsi `werden sich die Gesichter erheben', ZCP xi 87 § 48 . berthe iarum don muir ┐ argaibhter frisin tuind `is held against the surface', IT iii 189 § 13 . ba mad arghabhais gnuis feil / . . . fri cobra ngaibrel `well did you assume', Blathm. 603 . With DO: dorad comartha do baili i n-ergebad do mucc find co trichai[t] banb `would appear to him', Aen. 131 . Note also: biaid Temair d'eis a fir / ergeabait uile indligid will arise(?), LL 19243 .

ar-sissedar

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ar-sissedar or dil.ie/4312
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: arasissiur, arasissedar, arasisedar, -airisedar, arasissetar, -airesetar, arsissethar, -airissedar, arsissinn, aurisfemmar, [a]r-siasar, ar-sesar, arsiasaighther, arsiasaither, ar[s]isestar, -airsir, ar-sesatar, ar-said, arroissisiursa, arroisestar, arosiuir, aroisir, arrosir, tarrasair, -arrasar, arrastair, arrasair, airisid, airisem

v ( air-siss-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 628 ). Indic. pres. 1 s. arasissiur, Ml. 41c3 . 3 s. arasissedar, 51b13 . arasisedar, Sg. 213b2 . -airisedar, 139b1 . 3 pl. arasissetar, Ml. 39b11 , 77b3 . -airesetar, Sg. 209b19 . Subj. pres. 3 s. arsissethar (arsissetar MS), Ml. 120d19 . -airissedar, 131b4 . Subj. impf. 1 s. arsissinn, Ml. 44d26 . Fut. 1 pl. aurisfemmar, LL 13935 . ? Pret. 2 s. [a]r-siasar (-ir, -iur), Ériu xvi 179 § 1 , § 2 , § 3 . ar-sesar, xix 82 § 1 (or perh. subj. pass. sg. (with jussive sense) of ar-said, ib. 86 n. ). arsiasaighther, arsiasaither, O'Dav. 93 . ar[s]isestar, Ériu i 215.1 . -airsir, Mon. Tall. 150.28 . 3 pl. ar-sesatar , Ériu xix 83 § 7 (or subj. pass. pl. of ar-said, ib. p. 86 n. ). Perf. 1 s. arroissisiursa, Études Celt. xl 74 ( Ml. 88a9​ ). 3 s. arroisestar, 18d16 . arosiuir, RC xiv 245.5 , 246.19 ( arosisir, YBL 212b19 ). aroisir, 246.24 . arrosir, BB 499b36 = tarrasair, Alex. 1035 . -arrasar, LU 5811 = arrastair, TBC-I¹ 1340 . arrasair, LU 6621 .

Later as simple vb. airisid. IGT Verbs § 65 .

Vn. airisem.

Stays, stands fast, rests, remains: dú inairesetar `where they remain', Sg. 209b19 . mani airissedar ind lam fri talmain, Ml. 131b4 . roairisius-[s]a, Ériu iv 134.14 . airisiu sund bic co fessur-sa, TBC-LL¹ 1399 . focherdat a trí cóecta bunsach fair ┐ arsisetar isin scíath slissen uli lesseom they all stick, LU 4875 (TBC). is amlaid ata in firmamint im talmain i nairisidh, Laws i 28.25 Comm. co ro airis in long sin n-inud irrabi, LL 221b49 . aursa .i. airisi .i. arsisidar in tech fuirre, Corm. Y 35 . a roísir a láim forsan ersaind in tṡída, YBL 212b24 ( RC xiv 246.24 ). arsised íarum a cos Maile duin for folaig n-athloisc[th]e na hecailsi, RC ix 458.4 . atsisithar (arsisithar .i. doan) sist forsin port oc déchsain na hingine, ZCP v 524.28 (= assisedar, IT i 131.21 ). adre[ith] in sliabh foran sliabh n-aill ┐ airisis air remained there, Marco P. 8 . fairisidh a bhuime ┐ a aide la hUltu, Thurn. Zu Ir. Hss. 44.8 . ro loisccsed . . . Tuaim . . . ar na hairisdís Goill inntibh, AFM iii 34.x . do chuinghidh ferainn i n-oirisfemais, BNnÉ 298 § 43 . oirisit hi ffarradh Colmain, 299 § 43. comhnaigit ┐ airissit immorro an oidche sin., Fl. Earls 110.9 . airisidh agam `stay', Content. ii 7 . sréid Fergus Dubthach úad iarsin co n-arrasair di sruib fri budin anall alighted, LU 6621 . cona hédadh barr na bili . . . forsa n-airsed, Ériu xii 154.20 . ar-sesar Conchubar cētath `sat in the front seat', Ériu xix 82 § 1 . arsiasiur ri Mumhen mordescert fledtáighi, Ériu xvi 179 § 3 . arseser .i. dofeser ara belaib som isin carpat, O'Curry 508 (H 3.18, 258). ? arsiasaighther .i. innsaighi: ut est arsiasaither a bráthair Mugain .i. indsaigi ar amus a brathar, O'Dav. 93 . In sense of stops, desists, gives up: arsisetar na hoic ┐ rethaid ina suidi, IT ii1 174.17 . arsisetar (leg. arsisethar or arsisedar, ed.) Cuchulaind . . . ┐ angid na h-ocu C. desists and spares the youths(?), 175.48 . ? cach duine aridsisither ┐ nachid nanaigh, Laws iv 362.24 . Halts, delays: ni ro airisius co h-Ailech N. `I did not stay till . . .', MR 36.5 . ni ro hairiseadh leo go rangattar go dúrlas, AFM iii 16.1 . nīr hairissedh leō go riachtsat gusin Edāill, Fl. Earls 120.9 . Folld. by cen and vn.: ní oirisedh . . . gin triall a ndail Cublay insisted on going, Marco P. 85 . roairis go ceann na ree sin gan toidheacht don mhainisdeir he did not visit the monastery, ZCP v 495.7 . Endures, persists: arrosir a crodattu, BB 499b36 (= tarrasair, Alex. 1035 ). arsisither .i. tairisi, ut est nach mac soirche ┐ rl. arsisither a cin ┐ a rathas, O'Dav. 95 . fri re secht la airisis in ciaich sin, Marco P. 10 .

Other uses: airm i n-arrasar a n-uma don cletiniu where the copper separated (?) from the javelin, LU 5811 = fochuridar a úma don chlettin, TBC-LL¹ 2073 = do cuiredh a umha [don chleitin], TBC St. 1847 . ind adarc dub bis mon gai is di arsisidar in gai imtha is amlaid arsisidar in indsce don trediu sa .i. ise isi ised is attached, Auraic. 1622 . cech ní atbera frib-si cretid uli do ┐ airissid fair keep to it, LB 151b13 . conid he ni for ar airis a menma that is what they decided, LB 157a41 . airis rit muntir a mic na flatha stand fast by, LL 297a47 ( SG 364.40 ). airisid fén fri fulang cecha doccumlai `continue to endure', PH 2406 . airised rium do mhenma give me your attention, RC xxxvii 345 § 10 . gach oen airisfes frib `whoever shall oppose you', CCath. 5163 . is o chorp ┐ nemchorp ro airis it consisted, Laws i 26.10 . airim forbthi in sin, uair airissid o choitibh co coir it consists of factors, Auraic. 1446 . a athair oiris gut chéill / . . . / breth dírech as dú do fhlaith `stand fast by thy wisdom', SG 124.33 . ni ro-airis-[s]ium oc forcetul `he did not leave off preaching', PH 2552 . airisis . . . ag dion, MR 274.15 . airis Fintan ic sloind seanchassa, Ériu iv 150.11 . airis for céill remain reasonable, FDG² 2.54​​​​​ .

Trans. cinnas ḟuirechlem cinnas aurisfemmar clessu, LL 13935 . ro airis Dia athair betha dó preserved his life, LB 157a47 .

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