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aisnéis

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aisnéis or dil.ie/2507
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: aisndís, faisnéis, -i, áisndís, aisndís, aisṅdís, aisṅdeis, aisṅdíis, aisndís, aisṅdís, aisndísen, aisṅdísen, aisdísen, aisṅdís, aisndís, aisndis, aisṅdísin, aisndisnea, asṅdisnea, aisndisen

n O. Ir. aisndís. n, f. (see GOI § 730 ). Later also faisnéis f. (g s. and n p. -i), IGT Decl. § 13 . Vn. of as-indet. IGT Verbs § 83 . n s. áisndís, Ml. 14d3 . aisndís, 44c30 . aisṅdís, 94b3 ; Sg. 59b7 . aisṅdeis, Sg. 161b3 . a s. aisṅdíis, Wb. 12d20 . aisndís, Ml. 145c8 . aisṅdís, 145c9 . g s. aisndísen, Ml. 40d18 . aisṅdísen, Sg. 203a4 . aisdísen, 198a10 . d s. aisṅdís, Wb. 27a8 . aisndís, Ml. 64d2 . aisndis, 126b1 . n p. aisṅdísin, Sg. 3b23 . a p. aisndisnea, Ml. 24b5 , 35b20 . asṅdisnea, 51d2 . g p. aisndisen, Ml. 64d2 .

(a) act of relating, telling, explaining; narration, explanation: cid glicc . . . oc aisṅdís, Wb. 27a8 . ni comadas du aisndís inna mmaraisndisenso acht in spirut noib, Ml. 64d2 . aisndís is tri chaingnímu rosegar . . . ind hires, 14c19 . cid écen áisndís do neuch as doraid coleir, 14d3 . aisṅdis dind fortacht durat dia do, 40b8 . hond aisndís gl. præfatu, 51c3 . huan aisndís gl. adnuntiatione sua, 42d10 . tre aisndéis sechmodachti, Trip.² 21 `a declaration of the past', Trip. isam ómun ar a a.¤ , LU 5349 (TBC). is fota fri haisnis is tophlíúin menman, 7913 . ní h-adlicgi . . . / a ḟasnís (aisnes v.l. St.) do ócaib Ulad, TBC-LL¹ 4769 . táin Bo Cualngni do faisnēis, ACL iii 4.11 . cenco cumhsanaind icca aisneis ria mbrath, Ériu ii 136 § 120 . scrutan screptra aisnis ḟorcitail, LL 371c45 . is rimsa . . . ro hérbad ar eisnéis ┐ a acallaim fíad int ṡlúag `for explanation', Ériu iv 144 § 22 . ger' bdar goacha na haisneisi `though the accounts were mendacious', CCath. 751 . Forus Feasa ar Éireann d'fhaisnéis, Keat. i 2.9 . examhlacht aisneisi, Leb. Gab.(i) 2.14 . ar Mac nDé mar fríoth faisnéis tidings , Dán Dé vi 6 . scél .i. moladh no a.¤ , Ériu xiii 77 § 223 .

Of pronunciation: inna aisṅdísen dochuirde .i. dochrud leo .n. indiad .m. `of the difficult pronunciation', Sg. 203a4 . derbaisṅdísin .i. derbḟogir gl. ipsae pronuntiationes, 3b23 . Of a biblical passage or saying: is he . . . leth ataībe an aisnesea la Matha, RC xlvi 233.25 . Of a type of satire: cis lir fodla aire . . . a tri .i. aisneis ┐ ail ┐ aircetal aisneis . . . indisiu tria hainsimh cen chuidbus, BB 299a6 ( Jn. Celt. Stud. i 201 ). a[t]aat tri fodla for aír .i. aisnéiss, ail, aircital aisnés .i. indessin tria táinsimad cin chuibd[iu]s con n-immdercad grúade, H 3.18, 870 (ib. 211 ). Of a type of metre: cetal na haisnése so sis, IT iii 63 § 125 . In phrase agallaim is faisnes, a metrical fault consisting in addressing and talking about a person in the same stanza: gabh h'eduidh . . . a Chumaill / na legeadh se a luing tar lear (1.) (na leig budh chóir), IGT Metr. Faults §§ 23 , 73 , 120-24 . faisnéis is agalluimh a n-énrann, Introd. 2.27 . lochdach . . . attús chomhfhocuil . . . faisnéis no agalluimh, 24 § 97 . as í an fhaisnéis nach cóir a ttús chomhfhocuil fúaras, do-chíeabh, tiogabh, no a leithéid eile, 28 § 121. Also fresnés go n-a.¤ , see fresndís.

(b) Legal act of giving information, informing (against): má ro innis is fiach faisneisin do . . .manar innis is fiach seillid uadh, Laws iii 104.24 Comm. fiach aisneise[n], O'Dav. 1420 . do'n thi do ni aisneis for in gataidh, Laws v 188.14 Comm. co rub aisneis doberar fair, 324.3 Comm. cutruma ata in fiach aisnesen d'urrad ┐ do deorad . . . don aisneis doniat . . . don aisneis doniter orro, O'Curry 2127 (H 4.22, p. 86). cethre aisnesi (sic leg.) no cethri gne i naí fogra aptha, Laws i 282.31 Comm. , 284.20 Comm. aire tuise .i. tuisechu i n-urd aisnesin he ina'n t-aire ard prior in right of speech, Laws iii 24.27 Comm. trí fáilte co n-íarduibi: fer tochmairc fer gaite fer aisnéise, Triads 67 . Cf. aigde aisnéise tell-tale faces, Tec. Corm. § 16.8 . In phrase freisneis ┐ a.¤ statement of case (by plaintiff) and answer (by defendant) see fresndís.

aithgein,

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aithgein, or dil.ie/2656

Forms: aithgin, -ene, -ine, -ena, -ina, aithghin

n. vn. of ad-gainethar. Also aithgin. g s. -ene, -ine, -ena, -ina. aithghin f., IGT Decl. § 13 .

(a) rebirth, regeneration: ? ba hed aithgin ṁbetha `rebirth of the world', Fél. Ep. 240 . comdis ellma . . . fó athgin in erruigh archinn by the following spring, CCath. 169 . tucusa gein ┐ a.¤ duit i.e. enough and to spare, Acall. 7813 . In religious sense (of baptism): in baisted .i. in a.¤ , LB 257b73 . tria aithgin a mbathis, PH 3812 .

(b) likeness, equivalent. With gen. the like of: athgein hūi Luirc the like of O Larc, Ält. Ir. Dicht. 41 § 32 . is uád fessin no bíad a athgein i.e. a warrior such as he could be born only of him (of Cú Chulainn), LU 10167 . th'aidgin-siu a warrior like thee, TBC-LL¹ 4050 . Art Aoínfhear bhur n-aithghin-si you can be compared only to, O'R. Poems 31 . ríg-athgein meic Airt Óenḟir / ní fríth, Metr. Dinds. i 36.104 . ag iomfhuirech la haithghin an dúin bai ann roimhe do thurccbháil, AFM vi 2210.10 . a aithghin oile do ingrinntidh, BS 63 . With DO: aithghin do Eochaidh Mumhó, ML 22.4 . Note also: as nach féidir ál acht aithghin `thence there cannot issue a brood unlike the parents', Ó Bruad. ii 62 xxviii . úir Pharthais nó a haithghin í paradise or something very like it, TD 11.10 . aithgin .i. cutruma, ut est: nicon tarla a mBoinn riam ná iarom a n-aithgin .i. nichor teilgus tar in Boinn roime ná 'na degaid a cutruma ima mét, H 3.18, 62a7 ( O'Curry 80 ).

(c) analogy, comparison: imtha an a.¤ . . . lemlacht la mac . . . imtha samlaidh ben la fer, Leb. Gab.(i) 30.5 . gurab fíoghair ┐ aithghein don tsacraimint so an plúr neamhdha, Eochairsg. 70.10 . aithgin don chomhnaidhe symbolum . . . quietis, TSh. 5287 .

(d) Legal. Technical term translated `restitution', `compensation', Laws; `Rückerstattung oder Ersatz in gleichen Gegenständen', Thurn. ZCP xiv 346 ; `restitution in kind, equivalent', Críth Gabl. The meaning restitution or compensation to the full value of that which has been lost, damaged, etc. is implied by a number of exx. from the text of the Laws: scarait amail condrecat; in da beir cach lais cusanaile, a marthar de issed beres lais fri himscarad, na (nó?) aithgin dia torad muna marathar `an equivalent of its produce if it is not living', Laws ii 394.26 . is aithgin muna marathar feib ro ratha, cen fuilliud leo, 338.18 `Ersatz (der Werte)', ZCP xiv 392 . aithgin do flaith acht trian facaib dib, Laws ii 318.5 ( ZCP xiv 385 ). díre a ṡabaill cóic ṡéoit ┐ aithgein co nneoch robronntar and making good of any damage done, Críth G. 244 (co neoch = neich, Notes). aithgin somaine, Laws ii 332.10 ( ZCP xiv 390 ). trian naithgina ar mifagbail, 56.19 (cf. the smaller subdivisions in follg. Comm.). Also prob.: aithg[e]in tuige making good the thatch, Críth G. 213 . dírech n-imda[e] . . . diam tochur tar cenn, sét ind ┐ a.¤ , 233 . óg n-innraic n-aithgena, 275 `a perfect fullness of equivalent', notes. cach a.¤ iar n-indrucus every `a.¤' in full(?), ZCP xvii 59 § 76 . Note also (Comm.): ba trom re dainib a naithgin ┐ a tintud for culu (of restoring perishable pledges), O'D. 950 ( H 3.17, c. 664 ). aithgin ngnima ro leic in brathair ar a ceili, Laws i 128.9 Comm. (of work carried out on behalf of another). In literary texts: aithgen in t-sheoit fén, PH 7561 . a ṡeacht n-aithghine d'ḟagháil, TD 9.17 . Distinguished from taisec in Laws text: ni faid nech na seotu so cin naidm a taisic no aithgina `without security for their restitution or compensation' (of things liable to be lost or destroyed while on loan), Laws v 278.7 . (`taisec restitution of the actual article, a.¤ the payment of an equivalent', Plummer MS. notes. Cf. taisic .i. cia mairit . . . aithgin .i. muna mairit, Laws v 278.11 Comm. At Laws v 402.19 Comm. taissecc is glossed .i. aithgena). In follg. classed as an `éraicc': cetheora eirca . . . aithgin ┐ dire, etc., Laws i 258.26 . ? Cf. cach diri iar n-aithgenib id laim bodein, ZCP xvii 58 § 75 . The a.¤ could be doubled: ni teid aithgin tar diablad, Laws v 448.17 . ? [dl]igur taisiuc diabul aithgina, ii 80.8 . cach n-aninraic n-anfoit cona diablad aithgene, ZCP xiv 346 § 7 ( Laws ii 232 ). diablud naithgina nech robriathra (leg. -ar?), Laws ii 68.11 . Various: aithgin mblechtai, Laws i 168.5 . fidbretha . . . a naithgin for uin, 182.2 . aithgin gach edge, ii 54.13 . ni lais dire a seoit, acht colainn aithgena nama `das Corpus (der Gegenstand) des Ersatzes' (of a `fuidir'), Ir. Recht 63 § 1 .

In Comm. often treated as name of some kind of fine or mulct. Cf. in the passage in Laws iv 146 ff. the elaborate distinction drawn between díre and (the smaller) a.¤ with regard to different categories of trees. Here a.¤ means `only a diminished amount of fine' (Laws Gl.). Somet. of one of the seven `cumals' which make up the `corpdíre' (wergild) the remaining six forming the `díre', Thurn. ZCP xv 356 , Binchy, Ériu xii 99 . Cf. cumal aithgena, ┐ cutruma . . . do na sé cumala[ib] dire, Laws iv 244.24 Comm. ben tēit di thairr a cāin lānamna, slān cen dīri [no] aithgin i.e. the husband is not liable for `corpdíre', ZCP xv 355 § 43 Comm. Note also: bo a ndire cach ae ┐ ní thuc a naithgin ar aird he does not mention their compensation (of the liability incurred by mutilating certain trees), Laws iv 148.8 Comm. In the follg. there is no indication as to the exact sense: i n-aís ícca aithgina, i 98.3 Comm. ar in athgabail gabar im aithginib na con sin the compensation for each of these herding-dogs, 144.9 Comm. gl. im conbuachaill cacha cethra, 126.8 . nocho nícctar acht certaithghin ris ón fhlaith, O'D. 908 ( H 3.17, 648 ) (Comm.). seachta cach aithgheana every restitution sevenfold, Leb. Cert. 140.1 , see Ériu xvi 182 § 29 .

cen

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cen or dil.ie/8581
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: cin, can, gen, gin, gan, chen, cen suidib, cen(a)e, cena, cenut, c(h)enae, cenuib, cenaib, c(h)ene, c(h)ena(e), ceni, cheana, cenae, cenco

later cin, can, gen, gin, gan (usual modern form). Prep. with accus., leniting. See GOI 111 , 273 , 501 . chen, Sg. 75a1 , 78b2 , 147b3 (so also chen(a)e (see below) regularly in Sg. as against c- in Wb. and Ml., see Thes. ii 154 ). With dat. cen suidib, Ml. 20d3 , and cf. cenaib with 3 pl. suff. pron. below. With accus. in class. lang.: a bheith gan bhú (: chlú), O'R. Poems 252 . In later Vn. constructions of the type: gan an bás . . . do dhol, TSh. 2703 takes noun in nom. (`takes art. + noun in the form of nom., as verbs do', TSh. Gloss.). See TD 3.15 and note. Duan. F. iii s.v. gan.

For usage of late MSS. in matter of follg. lenition see Aithd. D. s.v. gan. cuiridh `gan' séimhioghadh, gion go ttuigthear do gháoidheilg ┐ gion go habuirthear (sic) d'ogham é, IGT Introd. § 7 . In class. lang. does not prefix t to ṡ, §§ 67 , 70 . Note alliteration in: mé gan ṡeise ó ṡain a-nall, DDána 77.3 , gan ḟolta gan imreasainn, 70.16 .

With suff. pron. in O.Ir. only (apart from 3 s. cen(a)e, cena, for which see below), and rare even here with no forms occurring for 1 s. and pl. 2 s. cenut, Wb. 6b25 . 3 s. m. and n. c(h)enae. 2 pl. cenuib, Wb. 9c2 . 3 pl. cenaib, Ml. 20d4 . Later with follg. indep. pron. (in 3 pers. é, í, iat).

Orig. on this side of (see GOI 501 , Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 197 ), hence apart from, besides etc. (see I(a) and III below). The usual meaning at all stages of the language is without, deprived of, not having, -less. Freq. with follg. Vn. with which, in its verbal function, it serves as neg. particle (see II).

I

(a) apart from, besides, except : atá brithem and cenutsu gl. omnes enim stabimus ante tribunal Dei, Wb. 6b25 . atá brithem lasuidib cenuib-si gl. Deus iudicabit, 9c2 . tāthut bith[ḟ]laith . . . / cen a tír i fail do rúaim apart from, Hail Brigit 26 . cé atchetha óinchairptech / . . . / fil mór d'echaib . . . / cen suidi (-e, v.l.) nad aicci-siu besides him, Imr. Brain 39 . ni ettis nech cena domanches except in the case of, LU 3488 ( SCC 26 ). i n-atconnarc . . . / bes atcoad cena slúag in the absence of his army(?), 3323 ( SCC 11 ). cen airitin a cobsen `short of receiving his confession', Mon. Tall. 147.30 .

(b) without, not having, -less (of things, objects, persons): buith cenchlaind, Ml. 23d12 . buith cen chomaccomla, 28d6 . buid cen sétchi, Wb. 10a17 . cen intertpersin, Sg. 161a4 . ni farcbad nech cen dire la Fēne, BCrólige 56 . ro sai cen usci `returned without water', RC xxiv 198.11 . nī anab gan é fēin, Fianaig. 80.4 . bheith don Bhanbha gan bhuachail, TD 10.19 . cin cennaib, cin tsúilib, Maund. 174 .

(c) With noun as in (b) and follg. prep. indicating position, accompaniment, possession: cennech n indib són `without anyone in them', Ml. 131d7 . cenchaille fora ciunn, Wb. 11c9 . cengutai ṅetarru, Sg. 7a4 . cen chonsin re n-os , 105b5 . cenbriathra leo, 215a6 . cona rabi aithles . . . cen mac i n-inad a athar, MU² 133 . gan cheó ortha acht aghaidh each, TD 11.12 .

(d) With abstracts (incl. vnn.): cennach n-astud, Ml. 15a15 . cen fodrúbu gl. sine deflexionum moris, 22a6 . cennach n-indlach gl. sine ulla interruptione, 32a1 . centosach cenforcenn, 110d15 . cen chumsanad gl. sine intermisione, Wb. 25c23 . trechosc conacarbi cenchinta, 27c6 . cen ḟortacht indanmma aili (with subj. gen.), Sg. 30a2 . eitir codlad ┐ cen cotlatt `whether he be asleep or awake', Mon. Tall. 152.4 . dia lleictir can imcoimet `if (such women) be let go without guarding', BCrólige 37 . In sense of unimpaired by, untroubled by etc. see LU 2294 - 99 ( FA 35 ). cen nach tairmesc netir, Hib. Min. 9.279 . bás . . . cen bethaid, PH 4320 . tilid Éirinn gan ainimh, TD 10.11 . 'n-a adhbar rīg gan [fh]resabra, ML² 30 . gan í without it (umhla), RSClára 158a . gan iad, 104b . gan amhrus undoubtedly , Párl. na mB. 6 . gan mhoill immediately , 164 .

(e) With fis: cen fius scél uáibsi `without tidings from you', Wb. 25a5 . cenfius dúib, 25c4 . cen ḟis cen airḟis, Anecd. i 3.8 ( SCano 50 ). cen a fis doibsom `without their knowledge', Mon. Tall. 146.31 . gan fhios do féin unknown to himself, unwittingly , Párl. na mB. 1385 . gurab gan fhios do ionnsuidh Samson na Filistínigh unexpectedly , TSh. 767 .

(f) Freq. in verse in chevilles and quasi-adj. phrases: ind fir cen uaill, Blathm. 13 . slóig Íssu cen escur, Fél. Prol. 63 . regmi cen nach díchiul, 291 . ceithre fedha, fāth gin gheis . . . , ZCP viii 107.10 . slōg ōss a ucht cen nach socht, 108.15 .

(g) With abstr. and follg. preposition: cen fortacht nachaili oco, Ml. 53a9 . cenfochraic n dam gl. infructuosse, 91b5 . cenchol, fair, 93d1 . nā bī gan gart at gnīomh nglē, ZCP viii 109.9 . cen smacht ríg forro, LU 3441 ( SCC 21 ). ó dho bhí tuigse . . . ag an duine . . . ┐ gan í anois aige, TSh. 2909 . dia mbeth gan do righe la C. acht na nai righa . . . `if C. had no realm save . . . ', ZCP i 402.19 .

II In a variety of constructions with vnn.

(a) With Vn. with verbal force, the whole phrase having the value of an adj. or adv.: nísechmalfam ní and centadal, Ml. 25a3 . canim[ebol] lib ambuid [li]b cenprecept doib ref. to ignorantiam enim Dei quidam habent, Wb. 13c17 . it cairigthi inmaicsi et intuistidi cendethidin dissi `when they do not take care of her', 28d22 . cen tairmthecht opersin dialaili gl. intransitiuum, Sg. 189a7 . uar rombi ind fit . . . cin cumscugud, Mon. Tall. 147.14 . téora bliadna doib . . . cen teacht as, Anecd. i 11.24 ( SCano 356 ). fada an treimhse ataid re a chois / gan tocht dá dtíribh, TD 4.38 . soinend no doinend na haimsire do bidh gan techt, BCC 416.18 . fá h-ár gan áireamh it was a slaughter incalculable, ML 130.24 .

(b) With Vn. and obj. gen.: cenaéitsecht gl. non . . . audire, Ml. 21b11 . batrom foraib són centíchtain átíre fadesin they were distressed at not reaching their own land, 34d12 . cen foraithmet ananmae . . . dam gl. ut etiam uocabula eorum obliuioni tradam, 37c13 . cen a chomallad gl. sub Lege (fuerunt), 76a15 . cid atobaich cendílgud cech ancridi gl. quare non magis iniuriam accipistis? Wb. 9c20 . cena aetarcne riam gl. sine praeiudicio, 29a20 . cenacomol naich aili do gl. `ipse' quoque in tertia persona per se, Sg. 197b17 . cen imcabáil . . . cum nobis do epirt, 203a8 . cia beith cen (gin, MS) gabáil n-orbai, Críth G. 69 . cen a coisecrad `without being reconsecrated', Mon. Tall. 153.15 . ō ro-gabus gāi im láim nad-raba cen guin duini I have never failed to slay a man, Sc.M² 16 . bi gan a thabairt do not swear it (an oath), PH 7343 . gan oba gliadh, TD 26.40 .

(c) With follg. noun or pron. and prep. DO with Vn. (for case of noun in later lang. see above): foilsigthi feisin cen ainm dothórmuch fris `without the addition of a noun to it', Sg. 211a8 . ma ro látar ce[n] ní do ḟacbáil leo, Ériu xvii 66 § 4 . afuine . . . / cenachnáma dobrissiud, SR 3904 . in fer nār c[h]otail énoidchi ríam gan maithes Gall da innluccud da dúintib, ZCP viii 111.13 . ata recht ocaind .i. cen luige do thabairt, PH 2684 . can T. . . . do thegmail dó, TTebe 987 . gan é d'áireamh oramsa, TD 14.9 . Similarly, without vn.: trágh. ráth . . . , inann ┐ so sís acht gan so sís do bainindscne except that the following are not feminine, IGT Decl. § 38 . gan mé aniogh san mhín mhaighrigh since I am not(?), Studies 1921, 568 § 23 . With follg. acht in sense of except that, only , etc.: gan acht coibhche . . . do dháil di `provided he gave her a marriage-portion', Keat. ii 4642 . gan é acht i naois óiglenaib still of tender years, O'Gr. Cat. 381.13 . gan acht neart aoidheadh orra, Content. xxx 26 . do-ghéubha tú sail ad tshúil féin 's gan achd brodh a súil Pharaon only a mote, Mac Aingil 904 .

In a number of exx. in the early lang., and with increasing frequency in the later, the clause introduced by cen assumes the character of a nominal clause functioning as the subject or object of a verb, as a case governed by a preposition, and occasionally even as a genitive depending on a noun. For class. lang. see the analysis in TSh. s.v. gan.

(d) As subject of a verb: isingir lem cenchretim dúib, Wb. 4b28 . isaithiss doibsom cid anísiu .i. cenprecept dondaís anfiss their failure to preach . . . discredits them, 13b11 . cen buith i bar ṅgnáissi / is mór fodom-glúassi, Fél. Ep. 375 . ba imned la F. cen acallaim na ingine F. was anxious to speak with the girl, TBFr. 155 . fonascar fair can tudecht, LU 5943 . mad dia m-beith at cumang, a ben, ol C., in ghein fil fat bruindi gan a breith có abhárach, RC vi 175 § 55 . ba dogessib conculainn cenadall fulachta diachathim, iii 176.17 . ba col cen a choemna not to protect him, Gorm. March 15 . ata is-in recht cen mnái do gabail i fhiadnaise, PH 2794 . nár dhamhsa gan dol red chois, TD 14.32 . an cóir gan síodh d'fhagháil uadh? Aithd. D. 63.5 . is truag duind gan E. acar n-imdidin, Stair Erc. 745 .

(e) As object: fobithin adrimet som deit su armelacht cen arṅ ditin ni `not to protect us', Ml. 129d22 . madh ro achtaigh cín ar, ┐ rohairedh, Laws iv 132.25 . fonaiscid C. forrosom cen curadmir do chosnam, LU 9025 ( FB 77 ). na lécob d'Ultaib cen taidecht lim, MU² 182 . foracaib . . . can a n-uilc do dígail dóib, LU 3117 (see Duan. F. iii 8 - 9 ). cid fodera . . . cen Crist do-t furtacht-su?, PH 738 . asbert an file fris cen ní don bradan do tomailt, RC v 201.23 . gan chrích Néill fút ná fulaing, TD 6.16 . do cheannuigh Dia . . . / gan mo bheith i mbrugh Ifeirn, Dán Dé v 45 . mar do chonn-cadar cliatha na Cruithnigh gan iad féin líon cathuighthe ris that they were not strong enough to fight him, Keat. ii 1779 . orduighmid . . . gan labhairt dona Sethrachaibh `that the Sisters keepe silence', RSClára 102b .

(f) With vbs. of forgetting, preventing , etc. the prep. merely reinforces the meaning of the main verb: arnabé anfochell leu cenatlugud buide diasoirad so that they may not neglect to return thanks, Ml. 117b7 . cenasechim gl. uestigia relinquere, Sg. 30a20 . rothairmisc . . . in scel sin fa P. . . . gan sid re brathair, TTebe 2767 . a Bhē-binn, bean ar do mac / gan mhnāi trīallfas dó tochmarc, ZCP xiii 167.1 . léigfeamaoid dínn . . . gan teacht tarsa, TSh. 294 `which we shall avoid treating of', Gloss. tug i ndearmad gan maith na n-Éireannach do mhaoidheamh he has forgotten to, Keat. i 56.25 . nīr dhermait . . . in doirseóir gan in custam d'iarraidh ┐ d'fagáil `the keeper did not neglect demanding and receiving it', Fl. Earls 90.5 . Cf. Ml. 25a3 cited under (a).

(g) As case governed by prep.: tré gan rabhadh do chur dho through failing to warn him, Content. xvi 71 . fá gan fearthuinn do dheanadh, Donlevy 440.30 . déinig faire . . . chum gan tuitim a ttemptásion so as not to enter into temptation, Párl. na mB. 789 . maille ré gan é d'fhaigsin, TSh. 6387 .

(h) As gen.: d'easbaidh gan an creideamh do bheith aca because they have no faith, TSh. 4784 (where gan merely reinforces meaning of easbhaidh). The phrase introduced by gan is technically gen. also in: rún do ghlacadh gan tuitim to resolve not to fall, Donlevy 448.19 .

III With suff. pron. 3 s. m. n. c(h)ene, c(h)ena(e), ceni, cheana (usual mod. form). On O.Ir. cene, cenae see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 346 . In class. verse may be stressed or unstressed, Aithd. D. 25.19n.

(a) In more or less literal sense in addition to it, without him or it, besides, apart from this. As shown by occas. exx. of cenae referring to f. or pl. nouns the word had even in O.Ir. begun to have the force of an indep. adv. besides, in addition, moreover, anyway . In literal sense: huare is lán chiall indib chenae gl. uerba non egent casu, Sg. 140b3 . ní laimtis cena they dared not omit to do it, Sc.M² 20 , cf. ní étaim-sea chena I cannot help it (gan a dheanamh, v.l.), TBC-LL¹ 6080 . cía nocarainn cách chenae besides him, Liad. and Cuir. 24.21 . nícon bíad cenae, 24 `without him . . . it will not live', Murphy Lyrics 35.10 . ceni beth nach aili isin tig cenae acht hé a oenur, BDD² 1086 `any other save he', Gloss. ní fuil aurlabraidi . . . leo chenae besides him, MU² 986 .

(b) In more general sense: cenitormastar homéit istrom cenae ho aicniud in any case, Ml. 20a20 . bamór fechtae cenae `there were many times besides', 39a3 . legi enim Dei non est subiecta (of sapientia carnis) .i. atá dethiden fuiri cene `besides', Wb. 3d34 . barafie dúib darígente cene cenimmormus nachmór, 11d5 . apronomen asberr eiusdem ┐ cach pronomen dono chene `besides', Sg. 203b1 . os me chene am faelid `I too', Thes. ii 293.25 . at-béla chenaeo (sic), BDD² 1438 `in any case', Gloss. sáeilim nem cena I am looking forward to heaven as it is, BColm. 68.22 .

Following f. and pl. nouns: ni reccar ales dano epistle uáibsi arrofitemmar cene `without it' (ref. to epistil, f.), Wb. 15a5 . runsluinfemni didiu cene fanisin (ref. to epistolis), 15a4 . etar fileda ┐ áis ṅdénma sairse chenae `and other artists', Sg. 212a11 . atethatár eóin damsa chena other birds will be caught for me, LU 3276 ( SCC 7 ). ní lamhat eonu na fiadhmhilu cena beth for an sliab sin `nor other wild animals', ZCP i 254.6 .

(c) Hence of actions and states of being already, previously : nírecat . . . les tintuda . . . ataat iltintudai leu cene, Ml. 3a14 . tanice-side céne `He hath come already', Wb. 4d26 . adib eolaig and cene, 33c19 . ar biid iouis cene nominatiuo , Sg. 99a3 . ar ní thucad dó chena hí, LU 3168 . ag feoilgherradh in ridiri ata marbh chena, Stair Erc. 758 . cheana `alwaies' (= hitherto, Ed.), RSClára 81a . ? Cf. cheana no archeana .i. o sin amach, O'Cl.

(d) More vaguely as adv. of asseveration moreover, indeed, of a truth, then, so (see PH, TSh.): ni réid chene, Sg. 238b1 . saībse, céni, i m-bith chē, Imr. Brain 45 `moreover', Murphy Lyrics 39.13 . ní boí isin bith frisa samailte chena there was indeed nothing with which it could be compared, LU 3378 ( SCC 16 ). ceist cena . . . cid as áil dúib?, MU² 332 . ó racuala in maith cena, cid ar ná cechlaind in saith?, Airne F. 237 . cia airm itá do thigerna-su chena ale?, TBC-LL¹ 1418 . ní fitir in challech nach do fhoigdi chena tánic in giIla that it was not simply to beg the servant came, Ériu i 132.81 . leicem as ar n imram . . . acht in chonair beras ar curach sind cheana, YBL 87a44 . nocha lám chena ná cos / do géba, O'Gr. Cat. 367.17 . an chloch cheana . . . on the other hand, TSh. 64 . gidhedh chena, BCC 124.30 . With ocus at beg. of sentence: ┐ chena bid lat ┐ lad chlaind co brath in rigi, RC xxiv 200.14 . ┐ cena ni . . . , TTebe 4293 . V. freq. with prec. acht: acht chena is . . . , LU 3914 ( SCC 43 ). acht chena ro-diultais etc., PH 601 . acht cheana do ghabhadar etc., Párl. na mB. 3947 . acht atā ni cena moreover, ZCP viii 111.14 .

Cf. archena, olchena.

IV Freq. with follg. co as conjunction without that, though . . . not, in some uses replacing O.Ir. ceni. Not found in O. Ir. glosses. See Phil. Soc. Trans. 290 § 56 . cenco is perh. rather to be explained from *ceni-co, O'Rahilly, Celtica ix 113 - 34 . In class. Ir. gion etc. go (see DDána), which appar. no longer felt as containing the prep. cen (gan). Form somet. influenced by cían (céin), q.v.

(a) without that, apart from the case that, because of the fact that not (with indic. and subj.): bid messu dúib . . . céin co tísaid lim it will be the worse for you if you do not come with me, LU 8082 ( FB 6 ). ní eicsind uile cenco cumhsanaind icca aisneis ria mbrath I could not relate it all short of keeping at it till doomsday, Ériu ii 136 § 120 . gén cu taibre ar hanmuin / let a talmain nisbera short of giving it (worldly goods?) for your soul, 228.17 . cumma lem etir / cen co tīas ilLaighnib I care not at all if I go not into L., ZCP viii 110.8 . cóir, cen co beth biad ocut `right then is it that food should fail thee', PH 1312 . nír bó toil do A. sin, gen gur triall la hI. do Roimh A. was unwilling not to go with I. to Rome, BNnÉ 4.25 .

Usually though . . . not.

(b) With indic. Rare in older lang.: cenco n-acatár though they did not see (her), LU 10010 . cín co fetar cia tu though I don't know who you are, RC v 200 § 15 . achd gin gur fheith iad, DDána 3.29 . comhla gen go bī (sic leg.) rem baeis, ACL iii 236 § 9 . gion gur chomhmaoidh sin though she boasted not of it, Dán Dé ii 5 . gion go ttuigthear do gháoidheilg ┐ gion go habuirthear d'ogham é, IGT Introd. 5.1 . gin co fuil, CF² 585 . cin co híbhitt na Serrisdínig fín, Maund. 61 . gin cur chaith . . . caithfet-sa `though no one has eaten', Ériu iii 158 § 10 . génco faicidhisi é, RC xxiv 371.26 . gion go ffaicfit mo chorp . . . docífitt m'fiorta ┐ mo miorbuile, BNnÉ 267 § 235 (fut. replacing subj.?). Cf. gion go bhfaicfear (-cthear, v.l. ). Dán Dé v 35 .

(c) With subj.: acht ropom airdricse, maith lim cen co bend būan acht ōenlāa even though I should live only one day, TBC-I¹ 572 . cen cop mōr mo thuasa, Mór M. 6 . cen co pat comṡáeglaig, Airne F. 19 . cenco n-essara though you eat not, Sc.M² 3 . as a rad ata a nadmaim cin co be saying untruthfully that it is . . . , Laws iv 52.30 . cian combat lia iar n-umir though they be not more in number, Rawl. 70b22 . ra raidsebair cenco tucaind ar áis doberaind ar écin that I would take it willy-nilly, LL 7685 ( TBC-LL¹ 150 ). cia fogabad cenco fagbad whether he got it or not, 7328 . cen co dernad, CRR 18 . cinco dernadais na Masilecdha do maith . . . acht . . . if the M. did no other good than . . . , CCath. 1751 . gion go dtí riomsa . . . / Dia do dhearmad, Dán Dé xxv 9 . do rígh gion go rabhtha id mhac even wert thou not a king's son, DDána 91.15 .

Occas. with loss of negative sense: gion go mbiadh gnúis gheanamhail . . . ag fear na ceilge though the deceiver should have. . . , TSh. 8965 (see Vocab.). atá ár sáith d'íoc againn gin gurab deired dúinn féin taréis na deithbire so `though immediately upon termination of this quarrel we ourselves too made an end', Caithr. Thoirdh. 119.24 .

con-osna

Cite this: eDIL s.v. con-osna or dil.ie/12258
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: cumsana(ig)id, cososnaissiu, co[n]rosan, cumsanad

v (*com-uss-an-, see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 455 ). Later cumsana(ig)id. ceases, stops, desists; rests, remains : nach tan conosnad (.i. no codlad) P., Trip.² 238 . cososnaissiu gl. cessato, Ml. 70c3 (see Ped.), im cach lestar nad cumsanad moveable vessel, Laws i 124.5 .i. na comanad, 134.6 Comm. amal connosnaitis quasi . . . disiuerint , Ml. 46b3 . ní cumsanfa gl. non desistet, 80d5 . ní rúchumsanussa gl. non destiti, 94b14 . co[n]rosan gl. in Babilonia captiuitate cessare, 113c5 . inruchumsan gl. conquieuit, 32d26 . cumsanait taissi A., Anecd. iii 70.y . cumhsanaighidh R. ┐ B. i Temhraigh ind oidche sin, BNnÉ 324 § 37 . do chumsanaidh an t-eagnuidh ro-mhaith (of death), Keat. iii 2622 .

With I N- ends in (gramm.): ní hicach consoin conosna `not in every consonant does it end' (of syllable), Sg. 22a4 . 206a3 . intan conosna in son in hi , O'Curry 1480 ( H 3.18, 654 ). inna hí conosnat in teria , Sg. 38a4 . c.¤ DI, O, OC ceases from: ní chumsantaís di chui, LU 1769 . aibne . . . nat chumsantais do dibairsi dogrés, Ériu ii 98 § 2 . ni chumsana di thule ō thosach domuin (of a sea), 112 § 33 . ro cumsaín Dia . . . o oipriugad, BB 15a36 . cenco cumhsanaind icca aisnéis ria mbrāth, Ériu ii 136 § 120 .

Note also: atait a .vii. con-ossnat cach n-imtaithmech la Fene (.i. atait a .vii. nernaile cumscuithes a em-taithmech) `beseitigen', ZCP xvi 196 § 2 ; there are seven things by which every dissolving (of contracts) ceases. See also Bürgschaft 21 § 62 . Taken as difft. vb. (compd. of sannaid) by Thurn., ZCP xiv 6 - 7 ; see also Ériu xxxix 96-97 .

Vn. cumsanad.

críchad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. críchad or dil.ie/12914

u, m. vn. of críchaid. act of delimiting boundaries, dividing territories : athgabail dechmaide im c.¤ selba `for the partition of lands', Laws i 200.30 . bid-sī bas coicrích . . . faccbāil in crīchdha etir L. ┐ Ú N. `having left the delimitation between L. and Huí N.', Moling 56 . erchinnech C. U. icca crīchad, BColm. 18.31 . crichadh an caoilli, Lism. L. xxxvi 23 (name of tract). crícha (c.¤, v.l.) cech cóicid fo chrúaich, Metr. Dinds. i 14.23 . farrach (cricad, v.l.) giall co Dun Sobairci, Leb. Cert. 6.9 (see 1 forrach ). Of a fault in metrics: claen crichadh (leg. as compd.? No descr. given), IGT Metr. Faults § 1 . In difft. sense: na trátha as críochadh crábhaidh `perfecting of piety', Dán Dé xxiv 2 .

diúltad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. diúltad or dil.ie/16976

Forms: díltud, díltod, diúltadh, díltadh

u, m. O.Ir. díltud, díltod. Vn. of do-sluindi. diúltadh, díltadh, IGT Verbs § 98 .

(a) In Wb. used to translate scandalum, etc.: diltuth, Wb. 6c2 (a prima manu). in díltod, 5b7 . ma imfolṅgi díltud dun brathir gl. scandalizare, 10c13 , cf. 14 .

(b) = Lat. negare, denying the truth of, refusing to believe in: diltud esærgi, Ml. 15d2 (cf. Wb. 13b18 ). díltud remdeicsen Dǽ, 91a21 . díltod Dé, Wb. 1d12 . desperatio .i. in dilthut veritatis, Enchir. Aug. 75b ( ZCP vii 482 ). do dichor eirsi Maicedoin .i. diultad in spiruta noib, Lec. 301a16 . Hence gramm. negation, a negative: ar díltud ata in- gl. intolerabilius, Sg. 95a4 . fo diltud inso in negation gl. neque, Ml. 55c8 . ac[c] . . . nego latine .i. diultad, Corm. Y 96 . di-ainmne .i. di- fo diultad, 407 , cf. 78 , 504 , 506 . indigu .i. in- ic a diultad co nach digu hē, 759 , cf. 92 . dini[n] disail .i. di fo diultad and co nach nin, Auraic. 1566 . an diúltadh coitcheann `universal negative', TSh. 3232 . IGT Verbs passim .

(c) rejecting, refusing to acknowledge, refusing admittance, disowning: issé ar ndiltuth dūnn fanissin our denial of ourselves (i.e. self-abnegation), Thes. ii 245 (Camb. Hom.). diultad bathis, Corm. Y 756 (= d.¤ do baithis, LB). diultad diabuil con-a aslaigib, PH 8332 . dogéntai-si uli mo d.¤-sa ol Ísu, 3002 . icca ndlomad ┐ icca ndíulta uad, 6163 . antan bhíos ag diúltadh aneith budh mhaith dhó do ghlacadh, TSh. 8250 . With various prepp. DO: ar ngabhail lais an ccreittemh ccatolica ┐ ar ndiúltadh dá Prionnsa, AFM v 1736 . ag d.¤ d'fháis-chreideamh Calvin, TSh. 6109 . FOR: diultad for rig n-angel n-úag, SR 4117 . FRI: ni radligiusa diultud frim i Temraich I deserved not to be refused admittance to T., LL 51b9 . iar loscud dia muntir Dromma Liss ar ndiultud friu after his monks had burnt D. L. on being refused admittance, 369 marg. inf. isé . . . dorad fāilti do ḟileadaib Erend iar ndiultad friu do Aed mac A. a mōrdāil Droma Ceata, Lec. 286b5 . RÉ N-: diultad re ndāim fechta feile to refuse hospitality, Laws v 174.21 Comm. iar ndiultad dó roimh Padraic, MacCarthy 396 .

(d) refusing, declining to grant or to do: nar bh'áil liom thusa do diulte to refuse your request, Ériu vi 125 . diúltadh cáigh lé ní léamha `He will not dare to refuse her anyone', A. Ó Dálaigh vii 7 . ní bhfuilim ag diúltadh bás d'fagháil, Acts xxv 11 . nochan fhuil finghal ná feall | doirr na diultadh ná doichell, ZCP ix 486 .

eiletrum

Cite this: eDIL s.v. eiletrum or dil.ie/19778

Forms: o-, elitromm

n m. (< L. feretrum). A form in o- also occurs, see below. A bier, a litter: gach marbh...nocuirthe a n-eilitrum n-ordhai, Marco P. 22 . do curedh Sir G. a n-eiledrum, ZCP vi 99.31 . dis ridiri... ┐ eletrom icca imcur eturra ┐ ridiri athgaeta isin eletrom, D IV 2, 57rb 16 . an t-elitromm , 57rb 20 . dul i n-eiliotrom amhail mharbh, Keat. ii 2511 . curthar corp an ríogh i n-oileadrom órdha ┐ bearar go heaglais...na cathrach...é, Each. Iol. 18.13 .

fige

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fige or dil.ie/22044

Forms: fighe, -dha, fighe, figthe

n , f. (vn. of figid) fighe (n p. ¤, -dha) IGT, Decl. § 3 . fighe, III § 71 . weaving, intertwining, plaiting; a woof or plait: oc ind figi (of spiders) Ml. 111b17 . hi figi (gl. in telas) ib. 16 . a tela .i. o figi, O'Mulc. 305 . f.¤ .i. quia figitur i ngarmnaib, 536 . fighe quia figitur .i. gontar í iccá denam, Corm. Y 614 . garman cona slatuibh fighe `weaving rods' JRSAI lxiv 102 . ic figi corrthairi, TBC-LL¹ 203 . ag fighe chreas is corrthar, IGT III ex. 184 . fighi daman allaidh spider's web Irish Texts i 3 § 8 . aiced fige weaving-implements Laws i 150.6 . don mnai [ḟ]igi, 152.6 Comm . crann mna fighi, BNnÉ 191.24 . ic figi chasil, LL 358a22 . ferbolg di figi rond crédumae, LU 10808 . f.¤ thrébraid ... do ḟéraib úra a wreath LB 138b8 ( Hom. Leg. 66 ). Of pleaching wattles, etc.: fenamain .i. fighi mín, O'Dav. 868 . Laws iv 114.4 Comm. Of plaiting hair: da trilis ... ḟ.¤ ceithri ndual ceachtar ṅde a plait of four strands BDD 1 . IT i 119.21 . as é budh ferr ... d'fighe folt, RC xxiv 46.2 . go ndearntaoi fighe ḟuilt air, Keat. ii 5205 . doraga Fer D. fo nua-maisi ḟigi ┐ ber[r]tha, TBC-I¹ 2423 . Fig. : fri ferga f.¤ weaving of strife Metr. Dinds. iii 272.27 . figi dreann, ITS v 42.7 . na faltanais ... ag fighe ┐ ag forbairt isna fearaibh ML 80.23 . imda fili ga ḟoil oigi | ga figi (of making verses) IGT, Decl. ex. 164 . ón duain go haonrann d'ḟighe, TD 14.6 . fighe lámha Dé an duine, PBocht 56z . The follg. exx. may represent an analogical form *figed, u, m.: Muinech figthe [fichi, fithe, fithi MSS.] cath M. who wove battles Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 53 § 6 . sás fighthe [fichthe v.l.] chogaid one fit to wage war TD 26.24 . But cf. 1 fichid.

ícc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ícc or dil.ie/27149
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: hícc, íc, t-íc, t-íc, íc, n-ícce-si, íce, ícca, ícci, hícc, íc

n ā, f. vn. of 1 íccaid. n s. ind hícc , Wb. 14b18 . íc, Ml. 72d1 . (cf. in t-íc , MR 130.6 . an t-íc , CF 922 ). a s. íc, Ml. 35c20 . g s. far n-ícce-si , Wb. 7c12 . inna íce , Ml. 50c11 . ícca , Laws i 98.1 Comm. na ícci , Lat. Lives 53.11 . d s. do hícc , Wb. 4a10 . dia íc , Ml. 48d28 .

I

(a) act of paying (for) ; payment, compensation, requital, atonement : followed by RE or DO of the person to whom the payment is made, the cause of the compensation being expressed by the genitive dependent on the vn., or by the dat. governed by the prep. I : do hícc inna fíach, Wb. 4a10 . uidhe ice in fira the periods for making good a pledge, O'Curry 333 (< H 3.18, p. 183 ). conad edh do niat a .vii. cumala do hic re flaith, ┐ a secht mbliadhna peinne do híc re eclais, O'Curry 2541 (< Eg. 88, fo. 45b ). dligit íc is eneclann, ACL iii 223.23 . fiach eloidthe d'ic riu, Laws i 88.6 Comm. i n-hicc int sáraigthe sin `in compensation for,' Fél.² lxxxvii 26 . is olc an t-íc dhamh thu annsna righaibh ... do thuit leat `thou art a bad compensation to me for ...,' CF 922. íc sa ḟinghail, ZCP iii 433.33 . na cairig i n-ic na glaisne, YBL 181a43 . Dia dha íoc ren anmuin, ALC ii 352.z . ba momor in t-íc aen uige, MR 130.6 . i n-íoc an pheacaidh, TSh. 1539. i n-íoc a saothair, PBocht 4 § 16. inti ica nach bid acmaing a ica, Cog. 50.12 . ic íc císa risan sobhdán, Maund. § 97. mar īoc a sligedh `to pay their way,' Fl. Earls 26.20 . a chrú is íoc im anḟolaidh, Aithd. D. 65 § 22. i n-íoc a ríoghtha `as compensation for not being crowned,' 28 § 16. íoc an chroinn `the atonement made on the Cross,' 98 § 5. bíd aige i n-íoc a dhaidhbhris in requital for his poverty, DDána 22 § 7. i moghsaine ┐ i mbochtacht, ag íoc uabhair ┐ aindlighidh ... a sinnsear, TSh. 5360. do-chítear iarlaoi fá íoc dhuit `tributary to thee,' Keat. Poems 915.

(b) act of enduring, suffering (pain or hardship with a view to making atonement) : gach gné oile phéine dhleaghair dhíobh d'íoc innte, TSh. 4004. na piana aimsiordha atá d'fhiachaibh oruinn d'íoc ansa tsaoghal-so, Donlevy 308.7 . breth aithrighi ... do cuirfedh an sagart ... ort ┐ a híc `if thou perform it,' BCC 222.37 .

(c) revenge, redress : aithi .i. íc, O'Curry 2069 (< H 4.22, p. 67b ). ceann ríogh i n-íoc a athar, Content. v 167. is rún liom íoc air `ich lechze nach Rache,' Midnight court 998 ( ZCP v 230 ).

(d) salvation, redemption ; act of redeeming ; is fochunn ícce dúibsi foditiu na ningremmen, Wb. 23c6 . is and sin bieid íc du israhel, Ml. 72d1 . co crochfaidea he ar hí.¤ in cinedu doenna, PH 2366. nícon deine tú fén do í.¤ , 3337 .

II

(a) cure ; act of curing, healing : dia íc din galar hi robae, Ml. 48d28 . inna somailse inna íce `of the sweetness of the healing,' 50c11 . ícc ecesia ( ἄχεσις ) graece salus latine, Corm. Y 767. ic .i. leigius, Lec. Gl. 182 (M). th'í.¤ don chlaime, Lat. Lives 72.7 . sóera ainme, essóera ícce `ready to injure, never ready to heal,' Tec. Corm. § 16.30 . focheird ... lubi ícci ... i cnedaib ... Ch., TBC-LL¹ 2478. tancatar fiallach ícci ┐ legis da n-í.¤ ┐ da leiges, 3587 . ar luibh íce, ar n-órtha chodail, TD 25 § 7.

(b) solution (of a problem): is si íc inna cestae sin 'this is the solution to that question', Études Celt. xl 62 ( Ml. 37c16 ). nī frīth ... ī.¤ na cesta sin, ACL iii 3.21 . ona berar ainceas gan ic 'from whom one does not go away with a problem without it being solved', UR 102 § 3 gl. 11 . satisfying, satisfaction : híce do menmansu `in satisfying thy mind,' Ml. 2d13 .

Compds. ¤luib a healing herb, a remedy : íoc-luibh iomorra an mhiorr, TSh. 7684. íoc-luibhe borba do-bheir Dia dhóibh do shlánughadh a n-anmann, 8195 . galar gan íoc-luibh, Keat. Poems 1501. ¤ṡláinte a remedy, salve: do lossaib leighis ┐ ícṡlainti da chor í cnedaib, Acall. 5227. Of musk : suail nach icṡlainti eisiumh `it is almost a panacea (?),' Marco P. § 43. doghní an úir sin ic-ṡlainti da gach aen nos-toimliunn, § 173. íocshláinte fhóireas gach nimh, DDána 7 § 31. ¤ṡláintech remedial, healing: an Fhaoisidin oiríseal, iocshláinteach-so, Donlevy pref. xiii 24 . fios na n-earradh n-íoc-shláinteach, TSh. 2308.

3 in-,

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 in-, or dil.ie/28196
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: in-, in-, in-, in-, ínnair, hinarmaighe, incathe, h-ion-Con-cculaind, hingallru, inrigh

in adjectival formation. Adjj. are formed by composition of the particle in- (which Pedersen Vgl. Gr. § 358 (f) regards as probably an intensive prefix but see Ériu xx 83 ) with (a) a substantive (the term ionshamhlughadh is applied to this type of adj. in IGT Introd. 33 § 151 , § 152 ) or vn. or (b) a participle in -t(a)e, -th(a)e. These adjectives are indeclinable and those in group (a) have the meaning capable of, fit for, proper for, worthy of (the action, thing or person expressed by the substantive): with the vn. the sense is usually passive: ` fit to be ....' If formed with the part. they have nearly always the force of the Lat. gerundive.

in- lenited the following initial, but in some later examples sh- is replaced by ts-.

(a): [Where the substantive compounded with in- was an o-stem, the resulting adj. was an i- stem. Hence it came to be considered that these adjj. were formed with the gs. of the subst., and many of the later exx. consist of in-+g s. of a subst. See GOI § 345 ]. ¤accra capable of being claimed: imḟorcraid ro b'ināirme na cindedh comloinn ro b'inagra, MR 268.19 . ¤aicde ` capable of acting as surety ' (Plummer MS. notes): frisin raith innaicde, O'Curry 67 (< H 3.18, p. 24b ). ¤affrinn fit to offer Mass; suitable for the offering of Mass: nír inaiffrind in altóir i nfécmais in tréidhe sin, SG 31.11 . an sacart do-chī an aisling sin nī h-in-aifrinn hé, De Contemptu 986. ¤áig capable of giving battle: in nech ba hionáigh gan oil, Duan. F. i 6.12 . ¤aignis able to argue: dá bhrígh sin nach rabhas ionaighnis risna taoiseachaibh so, Maguires of F. § 56. ¤ainmmnigthe fit to be named: is úaitsi is ionainmnighthe í, ar Ronán, Ériu v 94.4 . ¤air fit for ploughing: As subst. itir ḟidh ocus fer ocus ínnair , Laws iv 146.1 Comm. indair .i. in t-ar derg no in gort, ut est itir fér ┐ ith ┐ indair ` arable land ,' O'Dav. 1120. seacht seisrecha leis for indair, Anecd. i 1.8 . ¤airm capable of bearing arms: a fir i.¤ athramail aín. IT iii 80.27 . do hoileadh Lúgh Lamhfada go beith ionairm dó, Keat. i 220.17 . ¤áirme, later also ¤áirim worthy of being recounted or mentioned: ni hionairme tu itir deglaochaib, TBC-LL¹ p. 241 n. 5 . an tres itche as ionáirme, BNnÉ i 224.37 . imḟorcraid ro b'inairme `any advantage worth mentioning,' MR 268.19 . is roim thigerna do gairm dhe as mo do rinne se do na gnimhaibh bad ináirmhe dhúin, L. Chl. S. § 46 . gonar fhagaibhsiat ní is ionaireamh da leabhruibh innte, MS. Mat. 551.41 . nír bhó hionairimh a n-échta, AFM vi 1936.11 . cás oinigh ni hionáirimh | go bás t'oidhir d'fholáirimh, Aithd. D. 60 § 33. ¤aistir fit to travel, capable of walking: atai-si anbann, ┐ ní hinaistir tú budesta, ZCP vi 98.30 . ona baí ionaisttir leó an t-árach ina mbertaoi a chorp ... do dhenamh dho `as he was not able to march with them, to make for him the bier ...,' AFM iii 364.x . lé ndéantar othar don anam, ┐ lé gcuirthear ... ó bheith ionaistir i slighe na haithrighe é, TSh. 10460. As epithet of a messenger: dochuir C. a echlacha ... .i. Tairec Turusach ┐ Berraidhi Inasdair, RC xliii 14 § 8. ¤aithne capable of being recognised or acknowledged: nach tiobhairthe acht dod thogha | ionaithne na hasgadha `one sees that such gifts would not have been given thee except to mark thee out,' Aithd. D. 37 § 14. ¤aitire capable of acting as a surety: ni hinaitire ┐ ni hinraith, O'Curry 509 (< H 3.18, p. 258 ). ¤aitreba fit to be inhabited: ro láinbrisedh lais iatt conar bhó hionaittreabha inntibh (of castles that were demolished), AFM v 1386.12 . ¤allcaille ` fit for a ghost ' : aghaid glasban inalcaille le, CCath. 4023. ¤altena fit for (use as) a razor: ro thogaibh F. in luirg imremair athgeir inaltena, Stair Erc. 290. ¤amuis fit for military service: oclaech alaind inamhuis, D IV 2, 79ra24 . ? ¤áraig liable to be bound ? liable to give a pledge or guarantee ? : inarag .i. bith arag tar a cend ar na tarlaici a cinaidh for nech, O'Curry 467 (< H 3.18, p. 246 ). ¤ármaige `fit for a battle-field' : adv. co hinarmaighe (of a corpse) CCath. 4189. ¤baindse fit for a wedding-feast: flegha fuain .i. inbotha .i. inbainnsi .i. edach nuachuir, O'Curry 2067 (< H 4.22, p. 67 ). ¤béime capable of being censured, blame-worthy: má tá nidh inbhéime ann, gabhadh gach léaghthóir mo leithsgeul, Eochairsg. 17.34 . níorbh inbhéime an breitheamhnas tuaithe `the native law of the land should not be censured,' Keat. i 70.7 . ¤béla fit for the axe: etham frichnamha : tir inbela som (i.e. uncleared land), Laws iv 276.15 . ¤bésa customary: it hesidi at inbésa gl. quae ... fieri moris est, Ml. 45dr . is dusuidib ba inbesa gl. quibus moris erat, 31d12 . ¤bethe capable of being, fit to be: nabud inbethe iar n-aicniud (sic leg.) for oin `that it could not be by nature ...,' Laws i 156.16 Comm. co mbat ingnīma fri guin duine ┐ co mbat inbuithi fri tūaith `until they take their place in the tribe,' Cáin Ad. § 34. dibell .i. ní inbuithi in bello (sic leg.), O'Mulc. 311. ¤bíd fit for food ? : miach cruithnechta cruaid inbid, Laws ii 250.x . ¤boga like a bow: rella iongnáth ... ┐ crom stuagh urcrom ionbhogha eiste `a curved bow-like tail,' AFM v 1700.10 . ¤bruigne capable of taking part in a conflict: ógbhaidh fheardha ion-bhruighne `good in fight,' Content. xxix 26. ¤búana fit to be reaped: abaidh inbuana a tosach na ced mís d'foghmar, BCC 70.14 .

¤chaithme

(a) eatable, proper to be eaten: connach inchathmi do neoch ní cen shaethar, LL 285b43 . atā fleadh urlamh ionc[h]aithfe agum dhuit, Feis Tighe Chonáin 1607. biadh daingean ioncaithmhe, Eochairsg. 69.9 . Fig. ... thruailligheas an eagna dhiadha ó bheith ionchaithmhe, TSh. 8982.

(b) capable of being cast: a n-airm eadtroma ion-chaithmhe, Atlantis iv 196.3 .

¤chatha

(a) able to fight: is truagh lium méd an eigin a fuiled fir Eirenn ┐ gan mo beith féin inchatha leo, CF 400. ? As subst. : innus guma ferrde h'incathe `so that thou shalt be the better fitted to fight,' RC xix 32.y . ? To this,

(b) worth fighting for ? : madh incaithe crich .i. cathaige tar cend na criche, O'Curry 1988 (< H 4.22, p. 24 ).

¤chéile marriageable: iar mbeith inchéile agus ionchuinge dhó, ITS x 78.3 . ¤chennaig worthy to be bought ? : do ghrádh d'fithcheallaibh ní ḟuil | far b'inchendaigh clár cumdoigh, IGT Decl. ex. 524. ¤chinaid capable of (committing) an offence ? responsible ? : ar na bi nach soer fri tairmt[h]egd in domnaig ... di neuch bes incinaid, Anecd. iii 25.20 . ¤choganta (g. of congnad late form of congnam) able to help: an chuid eile d'á cloind do bí inchúganta, AU iii 546.4 . ¤cho[i]mge, ¤cho[i]mde worthy of protection: do chlú is ionchomhdha do Bhrian ... `it is B.'s duty to maintain thy fame,' Aithd. D. 19 § 13. ionchoimhdhe ar ndáinne mar as creidthe a gcanfaimne `my poem is to be heeded,' § 12 . ¤choisc able to restrain or resist ? : cosmail ra Ailill n-ucud ... n-inchoisc `zurückzuhaltenden (?)', TBC-LL¹ 5436. ¤choise capable of being traversed on foot: ag leanbh 'na áth ionchoise `a ford that even a child could cross,' Aithd. D. 60 § 30. ¤chomartha worthy of note: atáid trí neithe ionchomhartha do leith an bháis chorpardha, TSh. 8561. See also inchomartha subst. infra. ¤chomlainn able to fight, a match (for) : cach aen ara mbiadh sciath ar a scath, do neoch bus incomlaind, Laws i 158.4 . dáig ní hinchomlaind ┐ ní hinchomraic aithle chomraic Ḟir diad, TBC-LL¹ 5717. secht fichit laech ┐ secht fichit fer incomlaind (read n-in- ...) `seven score ordinary fighting men,' IT ii2 196.3 . ni rabi ... fer bad incomlaind do, Cog. 174.17 . ní hincomhluind tú fein rium-sa, ZCP vi 36.11 . dá dtig an t-aithrigheach do bheith láidir ionchomhlainn ris na holcaibh, TSh. 8944. ¤chommoídme worthy of being boasted of: cindedh comloinn ... rob incommaidmhe ... ar a ceile, MR 268.19 . ¤chommórtais comparable: re rígh Bréifne ní hionchomortais gl. re rígh B. ní measdae, Hard. ii 300.2 . ní raibh Leath Modha ionchommórtuis rinne, PCT 510. i ngeár-eolas na gCumas Neimhionchomórtas `the Incomparable Powers,' ITS x 78.1 . ¤chomparáite comparable: nach fuil cuingill inmesta [ná in-compráiti] itir an dorcadus ┐ an solus, De Contemptu 1276.

¤chomraic

(a) capable of giving combat, a match (for) : ní hinchomlaind ┐ ní hinchomraic aithle chomraic Ḟir diad, TBC-LL¹ 5717. ní hincomraic leanamh tri mbliadan déc, CF 404. ni hincomrac (read ¤raic) sluaigh na sochraiti ris re mét a nirt, ZCP vi 294.5 . nach incomruicc aenduine da nertmairecht risna righnuibh sin, Stair Erc. 1121. re tréithibh an té se ní hionchomhruic | céimionnas aonduine is fios domhsa `worthy to be pitted against,' Ó Bruad. ii 200.5 .

(b) fit to mate with, marriageable: co llín n-ingen n-aurlam n-inchomraic, LU 8714.

¤chomtha fit to be together with: Muirn Mheic Liag ... | níorbh ionchomtha í as m'anáir `is not fit to set beside,' TD 14 § 29. ¤Chon-Chulainn comparable with Cc.: adv. cuairt oirir co h-ion-Con-cculaind , ZCP ii 341.18 . Aodh go hionChon na hEamhna '[defending the province] as well as the Hound of Eamhain' DDána 320 § 30 , Ériu xx 85 . ¤chongbála proper to be kept, to be held : an duine nach tabhair an raed is intabhartha agus chonnmhas in raed is inchonnmhala, duine sanntach sin, ITS xxix 147.34 . d'eisiomlaruigh Criosd fein in tslighi so do bheith in-chonnmhala o bhreithir agus o ghniomh, 213.6 . ¤chosnaim able to defend: ro gabhsat na Goill ... acc denamh daingean-mhúr criadh ... co mbatar ionchosnaimh fri biodhbadhaibh `in a state to hold out against enemies,' AFM vi 2192.8 . ¤chotrebe to be dwelt (in) : adeir Galenus ... nach incaitreaba a comarsanacht na ndaine a n-a mbiad na galra gabaltacha, RC xlix 54.5 . ¤chreca capable of being sold, liable to be sold ? : ma ruca in flaith gubreth forin ceile is increca a riar de his tribute is liable to be sold as a result of it?, O'D. 519 (< H 3.17, col. 421 ). ¤chuinge fit for the yoke, marriageable: iar mbeith inchéile agus ionchuinge dhó, ITS x 78.3 . ¤chuir, ¤chora to be put, proper to be put, comparable: do cuiredh úair nárbh inchuir | cuiredh úaib ar Érendchaib, IGT Decl. ex. 711. geall cháigh 'na ucht dob ionchuir, TD 10 § 3. m'each iomchuir ... | do b'ionchuir srian dá seoladh, Studies 1933, 406 § 1 . úir budh ionchuir 'na haghaidh comparable with her, DDána 100 § 7. rob ionchuir é, ceann a cceann, | is inghean airdrīgh Éireand, KMMisc. 356 § 6. measaidh an Tighearna gurab ionchuir idir lucht an tsaidhbhris diommolta é =inter divites reprobos eum reputet Dominus, TSh. 9993. measaim ... gurab ionchuir ó theist é `I consider he should be rejected as a witness,' Keat. i 34.53 . aoibhneas ris nach ionchora, DDána 37 § 27. do chlann ní hionchora ón eire, 26 § 17. ¤Chuirc fit to be compared with Corc: ionChuirc do chuairt go Caiseal, 74 § 10. ¤chummannta fit to join a company (of warriors), able to fight: ni roibhi ... Eirristinech incumannta nach roibhi aran aensluagh-sin, ZCP vi 61.5 . ¤dála proper, peculiar (cf. is dáil do na mnáibh éadáil do dhéanamh da gach ionnmhus, Keat. ii 5323 ) : dob indala da gruaidh ghil | buaidh na hiomana an uairsin, ZCP ii 343.z . ¤dána `giftworthy' : an t-óglách óg iondána, TD 20 § 22. ¤degduine courteous, gallant: ri rob feli ┐ rob i.¤ tanicc d'feraib Erenn riam, Ann. Conn. 1230 § 9. na hairbheda órarmacha ... uasalbeoda indeghdáine (description of troops), Caithr. Thoirdh. 41.11 . ¤dénma, ¤dénaim capable of being made, (proper) to be made, capable of performing: mac bundsaidi ... mac da n-indenma no da n-indiubraic[th]i bundsach e a child by whom a rod can be made or hurled, O'Curry 559 (< H 3.18, p. 277 ). beag nach táinig mo théarma | a oirchill dob indéanmha preparation should have been made for it, Dán Dé v 1. ó tá ar n-agra indéinimh `for my suit is a fitting one,' Content. xxix 1. rún ní hindéanaimh orra it is not fitting to be secretive about them, DDána 55 § 2. flaith indéanaimh fhearachta an Iollánaigh, 83 § 19. ? To this : faghail ar ó bhfind Áonghasa | tre fholaidh nírb inndénmhasa, IGT Decl. ex. 858. ¤dermait to be forgotten, forgettable: goin th'ochta ní hindearmaid, DDána 52 § 36. mar dobínn 'ga gruaidh gelbuilc | docím úaim nach indermaid, Prolegomena 45 § 24. ¤Díarmata: fear é as inDiarmada Mhóir, DDána 299 § 29 . ¤dilg resembling a pin ? : indilg .i. cosmail fri delg ar amansi, O'Curry 811 (< H 3.18, p. 375a ). ¤dochonáig unlucky, unfortunate: is indoconáigh do rala dh' Ua Edhra sin, síth do dhénamh iarna arguin `this thing was unfortunate for O'H. ...,' ALC i 278.8 = Ann. Conn. 1225 § 12. ¤dola, ¤dula (proper) to be gone, able to go, traversable: ni hinndula daibhsi annsud, IT ii2 126.122 . ní hiondula uathadh sluaigh a ccath, CRR² § 23. asbertadar nár bó inndola isin tech, SG 319.16 . rolai Cir foirenn dia muntir dia ḟis nar indula doib in sruth, BB 7a23 . a fhearg ní háth iondula, DDána 100 § 30. an mhéid atá iondula amach do dhénamh cogaidh, Numbers i 3. ¤échta fit to perform feats, fit for military service: ro marbad cech óen ba inechta dia muntir, IT iii 516.745 . do mhnaibh ┐ do dhaoinibh nar bho hinechta itir, AFM iii 466.19 . ni therno duine inéchta dona v cathaib .xx. it, D IV 2, 77vb3 . ¤echthres suitable for horse-contests ? : ineachthreas .i. áonach, O'Cl. ¤ecna capable of wisdom: do cuiredh dá oileamhuin é gan beth ineagna dhó, RC xxxviii 134.4 . ¤éicin necessary: is inéigin sgéla d'fhiarfaighidh don othur opus etiam aegrotum ... inquiri, O'Gr. Cat. 282.3. ¤engnama capable of valiant deeds: ailebthair lim-sa go rop inengnama (of a whelp), TBC-LL¹ 1049. nir inengnuma e ro hocci it was not fit for action on account of (its) youth, Cog. 186.23 . ¤érce liable to be paid (as éric) : fuil setaibh acrai inerce `a wound [inflicted] in the course of levying a payment due,' BCrólige § 63 , glossed : indat ineirce seoit o acarar `for which chattels are payable when it is levied.' ¤ethaim suitable for tillage: cidh fearann ineathaim, cidh fearann aneathaim, O'D. 2318 (< Rawl. B 506, fo. 32d ). dá fis in etem no na inethem, O'D. 1656 (< H 5.15, p. 22b ). icá séna no icá imdénam fo aicned ethaim no inethaim, ib. ¤etig to be refused: an lucht eirgeas a heaslainte ┐ iarras biadh ... nach ineitigh iad, 23 P 10³, 27b27 . ¤ḟedma fit for military service, capable of efficient action: ger b'óg e dob ionfedhma, ZCP ii 343.35 . bui do ḟot a foistine ... isin Róimh ... conár bó [infe]adhma fri frestal cocaidh `fit to act in the service of warfare,' CCath. 332. gach uile arm infheadhma, O'Gr. Cat. 510.36. o ro batar gan tighearna infedhma aca deis Gofradha, AFM iii 364.18 . fear mo mheallta | mé 'na aighidh ní hinfheadhma, Dán Dé xvi 13. ... chuireas iad ó bheith infheadhma ré foghnamh do dhéanamh ré Dia, TSh. 7243. caiptín infheadhma `an efficient captain,' Keat. i 66.20 . As subst. `service due to a chief' : do thabairt infheadma catha leat, CF 541. ¤ḟéineda fit to be a warrior: no ingabdaís in mac comad infeíneda é, RC v 199.8 . ¤ḟeithme capable of watching over: lucht infheithmhe m'eoil `guides for my path,' Aithd. D. 52 § 18. ¤ḟíadnaise ` capable of giving valid evidence' : ní hinḟíadnaisi acht fri cach súaill re secht mblíadna[ib] .x., Críth G. 35. secht mbliadna .x. ais intan is infiadnaise im chur ┐ im cunnrad, ┐ a oct fichit a ais intan is infiadnaise im ruthrad ┐ im ferann, O'Curry 646 (< H 3.18, p. 311 ). fer bus infiadnaise, Laws iv 10.26 Comm. ¤ḟiled (?) fit for a poet: dúa infiliu, Ériu lix 126 § 8 . ¤ḟir marriageable: inghean Éadaoine ... ón uair rob' infhir, Aithd. D. 11 § 2. bean inḟir ... ┐ na mná inḟir, IGT Decl. § 135. infhir, IGT Introd. 33.4 . infhear, 5 . See also inir. ¤ḟlatha fit for a prince: secht nairm nilatha nō ninflatha, TBC-I¹ 2551. .uiii. n-airm n-indflatha, LU 6485. fuidell innḟlatha di cid dam co ti[n]ni, RC xxii 394.2 . go ngnuis aghaidh chaoín ionfhlatha ` chief-becoming ,' AFM vi 2236.4 . ¤ḟoglada fit for an outlaw: `is inḟoglaga in chuid sin' ar Fergus `Is fīr ōn, is cuid foglada acumsa' for C., TBC-I¹ 2353. ¤ḟolaig : ní budh ionḟolaigh air féin `anything which would be fitting to hide from him,' TD 17 § 62. ¤ḟorais fit to be a cattle-pound : o croaib inforais .i. o liasaib laegh; cidh ani inforais? .i. airm in hagedar nech in [leg. ni?] oga athgabail, CIH iii 887.20 ; see inḟorais. ¤ḟorba capable of inheriting family land: athair inorba, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 150 (transltd. `father who is capable of inheriting (family land),' ZCP xxi 320.20 . is riom ro herbad a choimét comad infhorba, SG 254.2 . ní roibhi cland L. inḟorba in tan sin, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 24.y . ¤ḟuirig to be waited for, worthy to be waited for: dearbthar ... nach infuiridh reisin tart `that we should not wait for thirst,' 23 P 10³, 42b1 . fríoth fear d'óigh rer ionfhuirigh `a virgin had won a spouse worth waiting for,' Aithd. D. 60 § 44. ¤ḟulaing endurable, permissable: is infulaig iar nomaid inhuitir ` to be maintained ,' BCrólige § 58. cis n-incis o anfine, ocus cis n-infuilaing o fine `a fair rent' (? quit-rent), Laws i 158.8 Comm. an ga bulga ag Coin Chuluinn | iomarcaidh narbh ionfhuluing an insupportable advantage ?, DDána 104 § 26. l eighes d'áilliugud na mban ocus más ar son a fer fen dogentar as infulaing, O'Gr. Cat. 210.19.

¤gabála

(a) fit to be taken, (liable) to be taken: ma ruca in flaith gubreth ... is ingabala a biadh ┐ a comaitecht dhe, O'D. 519 (< H 3.17, col. 421 ). ni ingill, ni ingabāla acht gell n-ōir no airgait no umai `anzunehmen ist nur ein Unterpfand von Gold oder Silber,' ZCP xv 314 § 8. secht tigi ingabala `seven habitable houses,' Laws i 104.31 Comm. muna ana, bid innascda ingabala to be captured , MR 144.8 . [as] rádh fírinneach so, agus atá sé ionghabhála ris worthy of acceptance , 1 Timothy iv 9.

(b) Of a prayer, to be recited: mád ingabala a ecnairc etir, RC xv 487 § 4.

¤galair sick, diseased: nocho ndenunn seig teg n-oidedh do bochtaib, no comuirge do lucht ingalar isin eclais, Laws v 122 n. 3 . co n-accai in fer n-ingalair dia dochum ... ocus se scithech mertnech, IT i 126.8 (TE) araile fer ingalar ` quidam lang[u]ens ,' PH 4435. As subst. : liaig fri hingallru `a physician for the sick,' Ériu ii 210.4 . ¤garma fit to be named: gion go ngoirthí ... | roileag Éireann d'iath Ghailian | ... is iongharma, DDána 100 § 31. ¤gerta fit for manure: ic fochartad in ottraig ingerta (` tallowy ,' but Thurn., ZCP xvi 211.27 , translates `des Dünger-Mists'), MacCongl. 91.10 . ¤gill fit to be accepted as a pledge ; later worthy, excellent: ní hingill ní hingabhala acht gell oir no airgit, ... ar ní hingill ní cheana for nothing else is acceptable, O'D. 711 (< H 3.17, col. 519 ). inghill d'ḟuil Ḟeidhlim `the pledgeworthy of Féilim's blood,' TD 10 § 4. dlighe ... báidh ret ealathain inghill worthy of thy skill, DDána 90 § 15. ní hinghill ... leat meise ar mhaille gcéimeann, Aithd. D. 41 § 13. ¤gníma capable of (warlike) action: for maccu encu co mbat ingnīma fri guin duine `until they are capable of slaying a man,' Cáin Ad. § 34. fiallaigh ingnima `of a party fit for action,' Laws iii 60.6 Comm. bad romoch lind ra gabais armu daig ar bith nít ingnima-su beus, TBC-LL¹ 1164. cor ása in cú hisin ┐ corop ingníma, LU 5028. ionnas nách raibhe naonmhar inghníomha no inshiúbhail aca, ML 142.23 . ¤gnímraid capable of work: in tan ... nach ingnimruigh iat, Laws ii 46.9 Comm. ¤gotha worthy of censure, blameworthy: ní budh ionghotha d'ḟior `anything that would earn reproach for a man,' TD 22a § 57 . ní faícim gurub ingotha tú, RC xix 32.12 (Fier.). ¤íarrata `to be sought for' : gurab í urnaighthe bhíos tarbhach an urnaighthe do-ní an fíréan ar ní iniarrata, TSh. 4538. ni ḟuil ainm áoin-easlaint iniarrata `desiderandum ,' 23 K 42, 262.10 . ¤ibhe fit to drink: fuair sibh an slógh | ar dhigh d'ól nochar bh'in-ibhe `by the undrinkable draught ...,' Dán Dé xvi 25. fíon dob olc inibhe, Aithd. D. 78 § 17.

¤ ícca

(a) able to pay: mac i n-ais ica aithgena ... mac inaesa insen e ┐ ní mac inica, O'Curry 557 (< H 3.18, p. 274 ).

(b) curable: mad inice .i. má innleighis é, O'D. 870 (< H 3.17, col. 623 ).

¤imbertha proper to be inflicted: robadh in-imbertha dhuit bás ar in mnaoi `it would be fitting for you to inflict death on ...,' ITS v 76.9 . ¤immarbága fit to contend with: aen ragha urrigh na hErenn ... ar agh ┐ ar fhíruaisli co narb inimarbágha nech ris, AU ii 476.25 . ¤imrama fit to row upon: túarcabsat anbtine fríu co nár bó inimrama dóib in muir, TTr.² 1940. ¤imtechta fit to set out, ready to set out ; capable of being traversed: co nábo inimthechta in magh ... la himbed na coland, 1044 . a n-arthraigibh agas a longa inimtheachta, ML 44.22 = a n-ethair urlama, ML² 648. imirce na haithrighe do bheith urlamh inimtheachta aca, TSh. 4104. ¤indraig (a wound) requiring a tent ; by transference, the person on whom such a wound has been inflicted: secht seūit cacha inindrigh, Cáin Ad. § 44. isi in deithbhir [etir] na dá ininnraidh : eirgidh ina haonar amuich ┐ amach ┐ bidh ina suide gin duine ris an ininnraidh sé sét. In ininnraidh secht sét ní bidh gin guala fri hadhart no gin duine faoí, O'D. 834 (< H 3.17, col. 595 ). telgudh fola do. Ma ri talmain na fola inindrigh crochadh in bidbadh ind, O'Curry 46 (< H 3.18, p. 17a ). in ime frisin n-inindraig `the fence [prop ?] against the bandage wound,' Ériu xii 132.25 . ¤lachta : bó i.¤ a milch-cow, a cow in milk ? : tabuir na ceithri ba so fris na sé bu déc inlachta, O'D. 246 (< H 3.17, col. 197 ). ¤láich fit for a hero, heroic: do sil Lugdach Laga inlaich, BB 232b30 . ¤láig capable of bearing a calf ? : bó innláoigh ... na ba indláoigh, IGT Decl. § 135. ¤lego curable, able to profit by the treatment of a leech: ised adbered cach liaig dīb ... nā bad beō ┐ nā bad indlego (inleghis, v.l.) itir, TBC-I¹ 2781. cach fer atdered ... ní ba hindlega, TBC-LL¹ 4280. ¤leigis curable: foclaidh liath (leg. liaig) coitchend gunat inleighis 'an impartial physician declares that he is curable', Mar. Dis. 30 § 8 . do breith gach ain budh inleighis dibh co hait a leighis, CF 974. atrubratar ... a lega friss nar indlegis itir he, LB 143a23 . is inothrais ┐ is inleigis iat, Acall. 5258. adubhradar ... nar bhó galar inleighis bai fair, O'Don. Gram. p. 274.28 (<BFerm.). ar n-othar nach indleighis, IGT Decl. ex. 1372. ¤leithscéil excusable: is ro annadh (= annamh) is inleithsgéil ainbhfhios don tsamhuil-si, Donlevy 146.9 . ¤leógain lion-like: Búrcaigh na mbeart n-inleóghain, TD 17 § 17. a dhreach inleoghain, Aithd. D. 46 § 1. ¤lesa profitable ? : nach inlesa .i. doroine a lles fadesin, O'Curry 875 (< H 3.18, p. 392b ). ? ¤lesuigthe capable of maintaining: ata soithceach inlesuighe acud (leg. acu) ┐ ni denuit in gaire `they have sufficient wealth but they do. not perform the maintenance,' Laws iii 54.23 Comm. ¤locha fit to float on a lake: gan bhád ionlocha, DDána 120 § 12. ¤lochta blame-worthy ? : inlochta fraic folach, O'Dav. 995. inlochta .i. ro airlithar foladh mna, O'Curry 464 (< H 3.18, p. 245 ). ¤lóga, ¤lúaig worthy to receive a reward: ? is lúthamail nó is ionlogha tainic an ghein ... gormrosccach ó gnlan-baistedh, Misc. Hag. Hib. 111 § 35. degh-oibre ionluaigh a bhfiadhnuisi De, Parrth. Anma 114.15 . subháilcheach ┐ dubháilcheach, ionluaigh ┐ neimhionluaigh, Desiderius 15.y. ¤maídim worthy to be boasted of (see moídem) : ní hionmhaoidhimh dhí a ndéineann, TD 26 § 51. ní barr budh ionmhaoidhimh air `it is not a superfluity which should be grudged to him,' 28 § 38. dul i n-uaigh ní hionmhaoidhimh `His burial is nothing for us to congratulate ourselves on,' Aithd. D. 59 § 11. gan aéin ceim badh ionmaoidhim re a fhaghbail, AFM vi 2120.1 . ¤mara sea-worthy, fit to go to sea: ar na fagbaitis Ecceptacda trealma ionmara ... dia ttarróchtain, Leb. Gab.(i) 198.19 . urmhor fer nErend do neoch roptar ionmara díobh `such of them as were fit to go to sea,' Cog. 136.14 . na huile longa ... co mbetis ellma [inmara], CCath. 3269. ¤mesca (capable of) intoxicating: co lennaib inmescaib, LU 9048. lestra mára co ndeglind i.¤ , RC ix 478.3 . ¤molaid worthy of praise: gan rígh 'na chomhraghain sin d'airrdhibh ionmholaidh `without peer among kings for splendid traits,' Aithd. D. 76 § 6. ¤múinte teachable (?): níor bh’ionmhuinte bior dhíbh sin, Duan. F. i 29.35 . ¤núachair marriageable: do bhí ar an ordughudh sin go mbeith io[n]nuachair di, IT ii2 111.28 . go bhfaghbha th'fhear ionnuachair, DDána 97 § 6. ar mbeith ionnuachair dhi do pósadh ré hAonghus í, Keat. ii 4909. ¤óclaig (see óclach) worthy of a warrior (of a woman, marriageable, attractive (?): of a man, manly): mása inógláigh an ben pósta curab so-grádach ó cach hí `of marriageable age,' De Contemptu 672. chonnairc hi go hog aluinn ionoghlaidh, Béaloideas xiv 223.28 . In the same text, of a man: is urusa duit fear og ionoglaidh dfaghail fit to be a warrior ?, ib. 31 . Cf. is blaith inócclach iad da méte fein ` warrior-like ' (of pygmies), Maund. § 186 ; and declined: daine maithi inóglacha, § 262. ¤óenaig fit for an assembly, festive (of attire): cloidhemh ordhuirn inaonaigh ina láimh, Anecd. i 76.11 . sreath ... | d'am[h]ruibh ionáonaigh, Ériu ix 163 § 5. ar aibídibh áilne ionaonaigh an ionnracais, TSh. 6964. go dtéid drong go teach na bainse ar a rabhadar earraidh ion-aonaigh vestis nuptialis, Eochairsg. 128.6 . ¤óla drinkable, ready to be drunk: i ngaineam thirímm cen usce ind itir bud inóla, Alex. 643 = indola, BB 494a23 . fledh aige ar na hullmugadh | ... do bi an taim-sin ionola, ZCP ii 344.2 . ¤othrais curable, able to benefit from medical treatment: dech let in ba hinothrais iat nó in ba hinleighis, Acall. 5256. is inothrais ┐ is inleigis iat mád maith mo luag leighis-sea, 5258 . ¤pháirte capable of making an alliance: ceadh 'ma badh ionpháirte inn | is fear mh' iomcháinte ar th' uillinn, DDána 101 § 20. ¤phósta capable of marrying: ní fuilim inposta aniugh, uair atá aingcis tromgalair ar mbualadh orum, ZCP vi 63.1 . ¤radairc visible: don ḟirmamhaint do-ní neimh | nach inradhairc í d'ḟáidhibh, IGT Decl. ex. 657. ¤ráid, ¤ráda fit to be mentioned, proper to be said, noteworthy: cearc Bhoirche ... | gér chúis iomráidh a hainm sin | ní gairm ionráidh mar aisgidh, Studies 1921, 257 § 3 . an té [as] ainm nach ionráidh (of Satan), A. Ó Dálaigh xlviii 4. is ria as ionrádha airdrí, DDána 55 § 9. an focal budh fhearr ionrádha, PBocht 6 § 34. ní lóir-ghníomh is ionráidh ris, acht lórfhulang, TSh. 4912. urnaighthe as ionráidh le togbhail an chuirp naomhtha, Parrth. Anma 328.3 . ¤ráith ` capable of undertaking suretyship': húare ... nád n-inráith friu ... ar lagait a ḟolaid, Críth G. 130. ni hinaitire ┐ ni hinraith, O'Curry 509 (< H 3.18, p. 258 ). sai inraith etym. gl. on sruith, O'D. 1552 (< H 5.15, p. 1a ). ¤retha fit to run: go dtig ... nach bí inreatha i rian na haithrighe, TSh. 10442. ¤ríg kingly, fit for a king: gémad innrígh a oinech, Acall. 222. ni hinríogh an té thoghas `not kingly is he who resolves thus,' TD 20 § 3. As adv.: is inrigh doronadh in fobairt sin, CCath. 3514. ¤ríge fit for kingship, eligible for kingship: ní táinic Tórna ... co Temraig ... corbo inríge in mac, SG 327.12 . nirb' inrighae Nuadoo iar mbeim a laime de, RC xii 60 § 14. ¤ríme worthy to be calculated: corradh mór ar thrí mhíle | ríomhthar tria réim inrímhe `are counted in the worthy records,' Content. xv 70. ¤ronna fit to be divided: eighriocht í nach ionronna `an inheritance unfit for division,' TD 24 § 38. ¤rúin fit to be trusted: ionrúin mé, ní misde dhuid `I am worthy of trust, thou art in no danger,' 40 § 8 . duine éadmhar ní hionrúin, Dánta Gr. 39.4 . ¤scene like a knife ?: insgeine, insgean, IGT Introd. p. 33 , 25 - 26 . ¤scuir fit for separating, to be separated: faithe inscuir a plain fit for unyoking horses ?, Laws ii 116.14 Comm. faithcle insguir inuithir `a green of separation for the sick,' 12.19 . daoibh ót uabhar dob' ionsguir you must part with your pride, DDána 56 § 13. ¤sgagaid fit to be strained ?: do thionnsgnaduir cradh dá chionn | sul rabh lionn insgaguidh ann, IGT Decl. ex. 1279. ¤shelga capable of hunting: ro forbair in mac ... cur ba hinselga e, RC v 199.9 . ¤shíl suitable for seed ?, favourable to growth ?: drúcht inshíl an fhóid iodhain, Aithd. D. 7 § 39. ¤shítha worthy of peace, able to be reconciled: o nach insitha m'oti-si ┐ Ruaidri reroili, Ann. Conn. 1315 § 8. dá [n-infhíocha] Dia gach duine | cia as inshíotha acht Muire amháin `who merits peace ... ?,' Dán Dé x 31. ¤shiubail able to walk: eirigh-si ... co Ráith Deiscirt ... oir ní inṡiubhail mhisi, Imr. Brain 66.26 . anaitt athaidh and sin ag Conall nō gurbhó hinsiubal é (C. had been wounded), ZCP xiv 252.16 . da bris craidhi na heigsi ... co nach insibail `cannot progress,' AU ii 488.11 . ro bai manach dibh ┐ galar cos fair ┐ docuaidh i ccosaibh in righ, ┐ ba hinsiubail siumh fein, BNnÉ 298 § 38. ¤shlúagaid able to fight, fit for military service: gach nech dob innsluagad (leg. -aid ?) dá raibh isin tír, ALC ii 244.2 . do rala teidhm tinneasa ┐ gabhadh ger eassláinte dó ... co nár bo hiontsluaighidh an tan sin hé, AFM vi 2234.9 . ní hionshluaghaidh séad mar sain `not to be carried on hosting' (of a drinking cup), Aithd. D. 9 § 16. ¤shluind significant, worth mentioning: insluind cach ran `mentionable is every splendid one,' O'Dav. 1350. ¤shnadma fit to be bound: síoth gémadh ionṡnadhma ann `even though it be possible to make peace about it,' TD 23 § 1. ¤shnáma fit for swimming in: ní dligther snámh do mhúnadh dhóibh muna raibhe uisce inshnamhadh a comhfochruibe dia n-aitibh, Laws ii 156.10 Comm. uisci inshnámha ..., 158.4 Comm. ¤shóid able to bring happiness or good fortune: terc nach inshóidh do'n fhedhain `a scant one of the force but is adapted to secure a good event,' O'Gr. Cat. 502.19. ¤shómpla fit to be an example: an úaimh re mbí ad bharánta | sí ar n-úair as ionshómpla, IGT Decl. ex. 124. ¤tachair capable of engaging in combat with: terc aonfer a intachair, Caithr. Thoirdh. 131.24 . ¤tadaill able to come: ní deoraidh mise i Manainn | mé eiste ní hiontadhaill, Aithd. D. 23 § 1. ¤táeba, ¤táebaid, ¤táib worthy of trust: ní hintaebha na daine coimhigche, ZCP vi 289.z . tiocfaid na síona saobha | nach budh haimsear iontaobha, PBocht 25 § 7. ní hiontaobhaidh glóir Gaoidheal (: mbliochtchraobhaigh), DDána 118 § 26. an dream do-bheir faill 'na gcáirdibh ... nach iontaobha iad, TSh. 4624. rún truagh ó nar bh'iontaoibh iad `dread was their purpose, making them dangerous,' Aithd. D. 97 § 24. ¤taisfenta worthy to be expounded: in neoch ba hintaisfenta leis (of knowledge), O'Curry 896 (< H 3.18, p. 399 ). ¤techta, ¤tochta capable of going, to be gone, (fit) to be traversed: bid indtechta tria críathar n-átha bar mbrúar, BDD² 1294. bá intechta a himmelchrícaib in domain dia taidbriud, LL 234b13 . masadt idan-su ... is amlaid is intochta daid isin log, BB 496b32 . is relta inchoisc eolais moir ... Is intochta le we must go with it, Aen. 605. ní ba hintechta ... ar terci usci, BB 496b9 . ¤tinn capable of severity ?, capable of giving battle ? (see 2 tend): nochan in-tinn mé rem mian | dom inntinn is sé do sdiúr `I am not vigorous,' Dán Dé xxiii 31. ¤tnúith able to emulate, to be desired, worthy to be loved: ní bhíodh ag sgaoileadh an sgrioptúir | aoinfhear dhíobh rer bh'ionntnúidh é `aonduine do féadfaí do chur i gcomparáid leis,' DDána 59 § 21. móid re t'oireacht ní hiontnúith `nobody desires to conspire against your people,' RC xlix 173 § 29. [dál] an scrioptúir ó Dhia dhún | cia nach iontnúidh res an eol who does not desire knowledge ?, DDána 3 § 2. do ghlór an sgrioptúir an sgéal | mór as iontnúidh a n-aibéar `pleasant is the tale,' Dán Dé v 22. Moire as iontnúidh d'fhior `Mary who deserves man's love,' A. Ó Dálaigh xlix 3. ¤toga acceptable: duan molta intoga ic Dia, Lib. Hymn. i 193.6 . permissable ?: do b'iontogha olc na bhfear | um ghort lionntana Laighean `do b'fhiu an tír sin gach rud dar fhuilngeadar ar a son,' DDána 117 § 5. ¤toidechta, ¤taidechta worth coming: gurb intoidechta d'ḟeraib Erenn ... fo dhaighin ... fogluma it was worth their coming to learn, MR 266.z . rop intaidhechta ... do shluagh Fodhla, 312.13 . ¤toile desirable: na nógánachaibh iontoile, Ezekiel xxiii 12. ¤tomais able to weigh: ní h-in-tómais an mead `the scales is not fit for measuring,' De Contemptu 1267. ¤troda fit to contend: iar na tuiccsin dó na baoí introda frisan ngasraidh ..., AFM vi 2078.20 . ¤túir worthy to be sought after: sgéal é ónab iontúir neamh a tale which shows heaven to be worth seeking after, DDána 37 § 5. ¤turuis fit for a journey: ní bhíd ionturuis ré triall i raon na haithrighe go neamh, TSh. 9385.

(b): ¤accartha to be sued for: cella oc na hinagurta d'oirchinnechaib eneclunn ┐ ce agruit, nocho dir, Laws v 128 n. 1 . ¤áigthe to be feared: in cath cruadh inaigte, CCath. 3623. ¤áirimthe fit to be reckoned, considerable: anté ... léiges de aithfrend nó cuid bhús ionáirimthe d'aithfreann déisdeacht lá saoire ..., Ó Héodhusa 162.3. ¤anta to be waited: gearr dá éis budh ionanta `not long may I abide after him,' Studies 1924, 87 § 14 . ¤attrebtha later ¤áittreibthe habitable: mád ind Assia bec nirbó inatrebtha ule ... la drochthuth na fola, TTr.² 1047. annsa chuid ionáitreibhthe da thalamh, Proverbs viii 31. ¤beite proper to be: ní hinbheithte dá ghruaidh ghloin | 'na aon i n-aghaidh phobuil, DDána 75 § 16. ¤benta (di) to be taken: inbheanta dhíom a ndlighthior `I must make those amends,' Aithd. D. 34 § 4. ¤brethnaigthe to be considered: as iad so na halluis as inbreathnuighthe do theacht chum slainte sudores saluberrimi censentur, 23 K 42, 197 .z. atáid neithe examhla inbhreathnuighthe isin bfual, 134.7 . ¤buailte able to fight: dá mbeith féin ionbhuailte ré Bhrian, Keat. iii 3987. ¤cháinte to be disparaged: ní hioncháinte an chrích co huilidhe ar a son, i 58.53 . ¤chairigthe to be censured: fil secht n-innerghe ... incáirighte, Laws iii 64.24 Comm. ¤chathaigthe fit to give battle: ro fhás a mbrigh ... gurbh ionchathaighthe gach aoin fhear, Cog. 216.15 . nocha n-ionchaighthe (leg. ionchathaighthe) sinne ar ndís, thusa ┐ do dhá láimh agad ┐ misi ar lethláimh, Comp. CC 131.26 . ¤chertaigthe to be corrected: cidhbé certaíghes é féin ní fuil sé incertaighthe o neoch eile gl. qui seipsum corrigit non est corrigendus, O'D. 847 (< H 3.17, col. 603 ). ¤chintaigthe blameworthy: as inchiontuighthe an tí do ní iad so dá dheoin féin gan riachtanus ... dá choimhéigniughadh, Desiderius 2606 . ¤choiscthe to be checked: tuig da d[t]isi ... a tosach na haicsisi nach incoisge (leg. incoisgthe ?) hi (of vomiting), 23 P 10³, 14b19 . ¤chomardaigthe equally to be esteemed ?: ar mhírbhuilibh inchomhardhaighthe eile `other worthy miracles,' O'Gr. Cat. 36 § 15. ¤chométa to be observed, to be kept: is iad ... riaghlacha is ionchoiméadta re scríobhadh stáire, Keat. i 56.28 . an ród díreach is ionchoimhéadta ré triall ar neamh, TSh. p. 304. ¤chommesta to be compared: ni hionchoimhmeasta ría íad, Proverbs viii 11. ¤chreite credible, trustworthy: ní hinchreti d'ánradaib sretha siabairthi ... saeb-forcetail na sean-druad, MR 190.2 . ní cosmhail go madh inchreidte ó leabhraibh nó ó eólchaib, ML 28.22 . ma's increitti da gheinemhain as increitti da bas ┐ da eiseirghi, ITS xix 58.21 . ní fhuil ... fiadhnaise inchreidte ar na neithibh seo againn, Keat. i 10.39 . credendum est `is inchreitte,' TSh. 4971. ¤chúartaigthe to be visited: an chathair ionchúartuighthe, Jeremiah vi 6. ¤chuirthe to be put: as ionchuirthe a n-ionguntas it is to be wondered at, BNnÉ 156.10 . ¤chumannta ?: ni roibhi ... Eirristinech incumannta nach roibhi aran aensluagh-sin ` capable of fighting ,' ZCP vi 61.5 . ¤damnaigthe to be condemned: go bhfuil obair na bhfiren iondamnaighte, Luc. Fid. 309.7 . ¤dénta to be done, fit to be done: doberait-sium aithis do Dia oc ainmniugud a ball for leith, mar nach indénta as ought not to be done, PH 7326. don túaruscbail fúarusa ... aran tír so ní hindénta comnaidhi innti `it is not fit to be inhabited,' Maund. 114. ro fiarfaigh ... crét do badh indénta frisan mac, BNnÉ 40.7 . is eadh budh indéanta dona daoinibh, iad féin d'ollmhughadh, TSh. 2651. as iondéunta gan féoil d'ithe na fíon d'ibhe, Romans xiv 21. ¤dergaigthe fit for the spreading of a couch in: ba he dlús a n-iomaircc gomadh indherghoighthe do rígh nó do rioghoin ar lár an atha da n-éis, ZCP x 293.y . imdaid indluigthe indergithi do ríg nó rígain, Manners and Customs iii 450.5 . ¤diommolta to be blamed: an tí chuireas cruinniughadh ... air (viz. on riches) ... atá indiommolta go mór, TSh. 10055. ¤diubraicthe fit to be cast, capable of being cast: cia aes in mac in aired is ainm do ... giall ... mac bundsaidi indside mac da n-inddenma, no da n-indiubraici bundsach e insen, O'Curry 559 (< H 3.18, p. 277 ). an tan batar a n-iodhnadha áigh urlamh indiubraicthe, AFM iv 1214.17 . ¤dlomtha proclaimable : rom dlomsat nīrb indlomhthai 'they gave notice to me, it should not have been done', Ériu lix 126 § 8 ​. ¤dóertha (or perhaps under (a) fit to be enslaved: rodairait cach oen rob indairtha, Cog. 80.4 . ¤dolta to be gone: nīrb iondolta ann (of Hell), ZCP xii 381.26 . nírbh iondolta don ród ríogh `we should not have left the royal road,' Aithd. D. 84 § 30. ¤ecclaigthe to be feared: is ineagluighthe dhuit guais na slighe atá romhat, TSh. 7760. ... is ionghuighthi dona hainglibh ┐ is in-eagluighthi dona tighearnaibh, ITS xxix 177.19 . Compar. ní ... is ineagluighthe ioná an bás, TSh. 1058. ¤ḟaomtha to be consented to: do fhaomh é is nír ionfhaomhtha `he gave his consent—it should never have been given,' Aithd. D. 94 § 5. ¤ḟéchta worthy to be looked at: ní hé gurb infhéachta ar ndreach, Dánta Gr. 16.7 . ¤ḟiafraigthe to be asked: as infhiafraighthi annso cred fár ..., ITS xix 80.13 . ¤gabtha to be accepted, acceptable: ni hingill ni hingabtha acht geall oir no airgid, O'Curry 723 (< H 3.18, p. 347 ). gach ród nach iongabhtha d'fhior to be taken , Dán Dé vi 2. go bhfuil an fhaoisidin ionghabhtha éigeantach, O'Gr. Cat. 39.4. ní hiongabhtha arán na heagna bréige uatha do bhríogh laibhín Lúitéir, TSh. 8980. gach nidh ... do bheith ionghabhtha do láthair Dé acceptable , Eochairsg. 53.23 . níor bh'ionghabhtha a theist ar Éireannchaibh, Keat. i 36.93 . ¤gerrtha: gl. lacerandum, Gild. Lor. n. 17. ¤glactha acceptable: aithnighid puisínigh an fíréin créd is ionghlactha `the lips of the righteous know what is acceptable,' Proverbs x 32. 's go mbiadh mo bhóta inghlactha, Hard. i 28.13 . ionghlachta i láthair Dé, De Imit. 77.6 . an aimsir as ionglactha dochum na faoisidne, Parrth. Anma 339.17 . ? ¤glúaiste requiring to be removed ?: co ras-tisad eicen adbul ingluaisti chuci ` irremovable ,' TTr. 970. ionghluaiste moveable , O'R. ¤goirthe to be called: do ghníomh féin as ionghoirthe dhe it is to be called your own deed, Mac Aingil 302.6 . ¤guidthe to be invoked: atá an Ógh Bheandaighthi so iniarrata roimh gach uile dhuine, agus atá si inghuighthi amhail righain ... flaitheamhnais Dhia, ITS xxix 206.12 . is se in ceand sin is ionghuighthi dona hainglibh, ┐ is ineagluighthi dona tighearnaibh, 177.18 . ¤íarrtha to be sought for: a shamhail sin is iniarrtha ré guidhe talis requirendus est ad orandum, TSh. 4541. ¤imbertha to be inflicted: robadh in-imbertha dhuit bás ar in mnaoi `you would have to put to death the wife ...,' ITS v 76.9 . ¤ite edible: biadh tirm inithte, Eochairsg. 69.5 . cnúas comh-abaidh ... inite `ripe edible nuts' (innte, inithche, v.ll.), BNnÉ 239 § 170. ¤labartha to be spoken: is innlabartha do na leighesaibh, O'Gr. Cat. 175.x . ¤laigthe fit for lying on: cuireatar an abhand as a hait ... cur bo hionadh iondlaicthi (ionluice, v.l.) do rignaibh et do ro-mhnaibh for lár an átha, TBC-LL¹ p. 547 n. 5 (Stowe). ¤légtha legible: gan aoínleabhar dhíobh do bheith inléaghtha do neach, Keat. iii 1694. ¤léicthe to be let, to be loosed: neart Gall ... | ní hinléigthe ar Eoghanchaibh, DDána 74 § 34. ... nach inlicti in cuisle don otar `the patient should not be bled,' Rosa Angl. 30.14 . ¤lenta to be followed, to be pursued: clann Osnaidhe as inlenta O.'s children can be traced, ZCP xiii 18 § 6. ní ní is inleanta a ndubhart what I said ought not to be followed up (in sense of proceeded against, avenged) ii 356.13 . cóir 'na fhuil gérbh inleanta `though He had to avenge His blood,' Aithd. D. 65 § 26. ní hinleanta air `there is no need to continue,' TD 13 § 42. an réim ... is innleanta san aithrighe, Eochairsg. 84.11 . an ród díreach is inleanta ar lorg Críost, TSh. 8049. ¤lúaidte worthy to be mentioned: ni hion-luaidhte deilbh bhan an domhain ag féachain deilbh na hinghine sin, ITS i 64.2 . ¤maínigthe (worthy) to be treasured ?: inmain .i. inmāinight[h]e é, Corm. Y 762. ¤marbtha fit to be killed: gach aon rob ionmharbtha (inéchta, text) ann, Cog. 80 n. 3 . co tuc[sam] fo gin gae ┐ claidim gach aen rob inmarbtha inti, Aen. 13. nír bo hionmarbhtha sidhe idir ge ro baoi tuilleadh ar chéd bliadhain d'aoís `whom it was not becoming to have killed,' AFM v 1734.13 . ¤mescaigthe capable of intoxicating: ba somblas a linn, ba inmescaigthe, Irish Texts i 3 § 8 (MS inmescaiḡ, Bethu Brigte 41 n. 56 ). ¤mesta to be compared, to be thought likely, conceivable: or ba hinmeasta a n-esbada gus in Mairt miscnig ... `not considerable' (capable of being compared ?), MR 110.16 . an tí thréigfeas é féin mar cheannach ar Chríost, nach inmheasta go dtréigfidhear Críost leis ..., TSh. 8007. is inmeasta sin as an sgéal léaghthar, 5205 . ní hinmheasta an tí do bhí isna cumhachtaibh seo do bheith fa chíoscháin ag an rígh Artúr, Keat. i 14.38 . is inmheasda dhúinn go bhfuil Dia fírcheart `we ought to consider,' Donlevy 374.1 . cionnas is inmheasda dhó go mbiaid a shearbhfhóghantuighe díleas dhó `how can he expect ...,' 478.25 . ¤moídte worth boasting of: ó'n Saoirbrethach do Domnall gin gurab inmháiti, O'Gr. Cat. 128.22 (scribal note on Eg. 88). ní hinmhaoidhte i n-Inis Luighdheach | ... caoi do dhéanamh, DDána 110 § 17. ¤molta praiseworthy, commendable, requiring to be praised: atait se coingill chum na fiadhnaise do beth inmolta, O'D. 849 (< H 3.17, col. 603 ). na mol munab inmolta nech, Ériu v 126 § 2 . a naemtecht foirbthe ┐ a mbethaid inmolta, Lism. L. Pref. xxii 23. a thionnlaicthe luatha ... is uaisle as ionmholta dhúin, Aithd. D. 58 § 8. ¤múinte capable of being taught: chomhluath agus bhíd ionmhúinte (of children), Donlevy Pref. xxi 11. ¤nochta to be revealed: ní hionnochta dhúinne dhíobh | rúine ionganta an airdríogh, PBocht 11 § 25. ¤obtha to be refused: lámh as truime tabharta | grádh uirre nírbh' ionobtha, 19 § 2. ¤ráite to be said, capable of being said: ? ní fuil ... aenlaech damad indraithi go toitfedh C.C. leis, ZCP x 303.25 . cá ham is ionráidte Amen, Donlevy 430.23 . ¤reactha ?: a fhearg uadh ní hinreactha `should not be proclaimed too much,' Aithd. D. 65 § 26. ¤ríartha to be subdued or disciplined: gell n-ungi tra do maigin ir-rér fir a diri mad inriart[h]ae imbie (of one who violates the Cáin Domnaig), Anecd. iii 23.11 . ¤ríata capable of being travelled: tromcheó ... connarb inríata dó in chonar, LU 8512. ¤rígtha fit to be made king: cet fer n-armach n-innrightha, TBC-LL¹ p. 197 n. 4 . mac óc nach inrígtha ara óice, SG 50.29 . ¤shechanta ( ¤tsechanta) to be avoided: bud inshechanta dona mnaib nó dona feruib le budh ail a n-óghacht do coimhed, caidriub a céli 'sa saeghal-sa, BCC 106.y . o gehennalis regio fugienda ... ó a fhlaithis intseachanta ifrinn, TSh. 6594. is intseachanta air an drong ... `it should be avoided by those ...,' Rosa Angl. 60.1 . ¤shuite `fit to be dwelt in': ré déanamh áruis na hanma ionshuidhte dhó féin, TSh. 8766. ¤smuaintigthe to be considered: atait tri neithi is insmuaintighthi, Mackinnon Cat. 59.23 . ¤tabartha to be given: nocha n-intaburta som[aine] don o[irchindech], Laws v 128 n 2 . is annsan aicid so doreir Galenus nach intabairt (v.l. intabartha, which read) leiges ..., RC xlix 17.z . ¤tsamluigthe capable of being compared: as na briathraibh se is iontuigthe gurab iontsamhluighthe na peacaidh ┐ na prímh-fhiabhrais re chéile, TSh. 7888. ¤tóebtha (worthy) to be trusted: cia is iontaobhtha d'fearaibh Breagh | díomsa dá ndeachadh Fínghean, Ir. Review 1913, 625 § 19 . an tan do fhásfadh lonn laoich Luighdheach ... nar bh'iontaobhtha do neach é, Keat. ii 4530. ¤trécthe to be avoided: ni hed as inntrecthi in peccad ann (viz. on Sunday), PH 7362. ¤tuctha to be brought, to be given, to be applied or ascribed: atá ní oile san ghníomh so is iontugtha dhúinn dár n-aire, TSh. 2459. an teagasg dob' ionntugtha don oide faoisidine dhó to be given to him by the confessor, Eochairsg. 84.37 . ní hiontugtha anfhlaith air the term tyrant is not to be applied to him, Keat. iii 4149. dobheirid caoga bliadhan do fhlaitheas do Ch. gidheadh ní hiontugtha dhó acht tríocha, i 84.39 . an duine do-bheir an raed is intuctha agus chonnmhas an raed nach indtuctha, is e sin an duine fial, ITS xxix 147.31 - 2 . ¤tuicthe to be understood: as na briathraibh se is iontuigthe gurab iontsamhluighthe na peacaidh ┐ na prímh-fhiabhrais ré chéile, TSh. 7888. is iontuigthe dhuitsi ... nach rabhassa ion-fheadhma ris an aimsir so a bhfuilim ag coimhéad na leapa, Maguires of F. § 56.

Cite this: eDIL s.v. mé or dil.ie/31705
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: mé, messe, meisse, mese, sni, ni, snisni, snissni, snissi, snissni, sisni, sinni, nini, ninni, sinne, sinn, snisni, snisni, sinni, muí, nathar, nár, n-athar, n-ár, mmui, ind, ind, -m(m)-, -n(n)-, -dom(m)-, -dam(m)-, -don(n-), -dan(n)-, atom-, cotam-, fritom-, atan(n)-, coton-, nim, -n-, ar, -m(m), -um(m), -am(m), -un(n), -m(m), -n(n), -sa, -so, -su, -se, -sea, -ni, -ne, sni, mes(s)e, snisni, ni, dam-sa, dún-ni

pron. of 1 pers. sing.

I Independent (accented) forms:

1 nom. s. mé; with emphatic suffix messe, meisse, mese (Glosses), in Mid.Ir. also mis(s)e, the common later form. pl. sni (? only found as emphasizing particle , Wb. 15c20 ), ni (? see Wb. 19d8 quoted below). (emphatic) snisni, Wb. 6c22 , Ml. 32a20 , 93c11 , 102c2 , 127c2 ; snissni, Wb. 23d23 . snissi (leg. snissni?), 10d7 . sisni, Ml. 78a1 , 92c2 . sinni, 63c15 , 138c11a . (is) nini , Wb. 33a7 , Ml. 43d5 (níni). is ninni , 93d3 , 133d3 . Mid.Ir. sinne, sinn (sind).

In Mid. and Early Mod. Ir. sometimes with lenited -m- when used as object of verb or with copula: do bhrosnaidh mhé, Carswell² 9.247 . cionnas do mealladh mhé?, Desid. 800 . da fechair mhe ag dul um deisi 'going into mine armour', Fier. 27 . doberim mhe fein cen comaithes duid ┐ dena do bail fein dim, ZCP vi 49.2 . ní fer gualann rígh mhe ..., acht fer fiadhnaisi rígh 'I am not a man to be beside the king; I am one to be before a king', Acall. 2362 . inbaid bhad chrechtach . . . mhe, TBC-LL¹ 6061 . tug a éag i gcōmhnaidhe | mhé gan ionnramh chóig gcéadfadh, Measgra D. 62.28 . mances duitsi mhé, RC xiv 48 § 56 . ni tualuing mhé beith ica bhfegadh, Caithr. CC 21.1 .

(a) used as subj. with 3 s. cop. followed by a rel. clause (if the subj. of both clauses is the same, the vb. of the latter is also 3 s.):

as mmé m'oínur aridrochell (gl. ego et non alius), Sg. 202a7 . is mé as apstal geinte, Wb. 5b17 . amal bid me féin no theised, 32a17 . ni mé as beo (= non ego), 19a18 . is mé dochóid darsin smacht, SR 1529. is mé ro bæglaiged, SCC 44. is messe ro phroidech doib, Wb. 10c20 . is mese nad frithchomart nech (gl. qui laeserim neminem), Ml. 47a2 . is mése . . . coiblethar céim, FB 23. is messi ém dorat, etc., IT i 127.31 (LU) = is misiu, Eg. messe ragas for astur, SCC 44. ní me no ragad i n-agid Conculaind, TBC-LL¹ 1580. pl. snisni ata sonortu (gl. nos firmiores), Wb. 6c22 . is snisni (gl. nos . . . qui), Ml. 93c11 ; (gl. nos . . . quos) 32a20 , cf. 102b15 , 127c2 . is níni foralaig, gl. nos quos [straverat], 43d5 . is sinn ro sáraig in flaith it is we who offended, SR 1521. ni sinn ro gab do maithius, 1729 . sinde ro marb hé it was we who slew him, Fél. 44.5 .

(b) in Mid.Ir. also as subj. (virtual or grammatical) of 3 s. cop. when the pred. is a subst. or adj. (replacing the O.Ir. personal forms of the cop.); is x mé = O.Ir. am x. The follg. exx. from Glosses anticipate this construction: mé féin són that is (means) myself, Ml. 109d3 (gl. sancta mea, expld. as standing for the speaker himself); maic ni dosom we are sons of His, Wb. 19d8 . is mé a cnú chridi I am their hearts' core, FB 24. in tan ba gilla bec mi, LL 32075 (TTr.) . dāig is mi . . . ársid imdegla Ulad, TBC-LL¹ 1667 (= osamé, H. 2.17). inbaid bhad chrechtach . . . mhe when I was wounded, 6061 . is oilithri cid olc me though bad I am a pilgrim, ACL iii 243 § 31. is mesi Ísu, PH 3732. misse Marcellinus I am M., 612 . Cristaige misse I am a Christian, 633 . tussu Dia, meise duine, 5248 . pl. bid calma . . . sinni , TBC-LL¹ 3279 (= sinne, TBC-I¹ 2469 ). in tráth ata scítha iat, cid dúnni na bad scítha sind? why should we not be weary? 3623 . sinde Petar ┐ Pol, PH 414. bid subach sind, ACL iii 234 § 8.

(c) in absol. construction standing outside a sent. to emphasize a verb of first pers. contained in it, often preceded by os (later is, ocus, see Thurneysen, ZCP 16.275 ) or cid; or in an ellipt. sent. in connexion with an adv., etc., esp. in contrast to a pron. of second or third pers. or a subst. (in these cases the emphatic form is usual):

sinde imorro, ni berum breith fortsu, PH 607. os me chene am faelid I too am joyous, Thes. ii 293.25 ( SP ii 6 ). os me (gl. ipse), Wb. 11a14 ; Ml. 21a1 . is me crechtach I being wounded, TBC-LL¹ 2380. ro boi sochaide fom mámus ┐ me oc fognam, PH 1140. dobertis cech n-olc . . . form os mese oc taircitul cech maith doibsom, Ml. 54c30 . osní credentes in Christo (gl. ipsi), Wb. 19a15 . Sg. 26b1 . cid snissni nín-moídem even we boast not, Wb. 23d23 . cretmit-ne cid sind, PH 1232. ni fil nech and . . . acht meisse m'oínur, Wb. 5a25 . do inis Maddoc dún .i. meisse ┐ Coirbbre, Sg. 194a ( Thes. ii p. xxi ). messe ┐ Pangur Bán, SP ii 1 ( Thes. ii 293 ). tri la . . . do bith duit-siu i sruth Tigir, mésse i nIordanén secht la, SR 1591. is trúag aní . . . 'n-ar ṅdaltanaib Scathche, missi crechtach . . . tussu gan charptiu, TBC-LL¹ 4147. acso me here I am! PH 638. messi d'a rád riu ! that I should say so to them! CRR 14.

(d) in Mid. and later Ir. used as subj. with passive vb., replacing the earlier infixed pron.

2 gen. s. muí (later sometimes maoi); (emph.) muí-s(s)e. pl. (du.) nathar, nár (by Pedersen, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii §§ 407 , 480 , 482 , analysed as n-athar, n-ár). For atonic forms used as poss. adj., see 1 mo and 5 ar.

mui (gl. mei), Sg. 209a7 . 200b10 . muisse (gl. meam), Wb. 1b3 . marb cechtar nathar dialailiu each of us twain is dead to the other, 20c26 . cechtar nathar fria saindán, Thes. ii 293. 14 ( SP ii 1 ). maith la cechtar nár a dán, 294.2 . cechtar náthar, LU 5229 ( TBC-I¹ 752 ), cf. Fianaig. 12 § 22. nechtar nátharni, LU 1433 ( MU 46.9 ).

Used as indecl. subst.: is and nad bí muí na taí there is neither `mine' nor `thine', LU 10848 ( IT i 132 ). inna mmui-sea (gl. mea taken as neut. pl.), Wb. 18d13 . Cf. muin mai .i. os leam mo shealbh, O'Cl.

In oldest lit. (poetry and rhetorical prose) muí is used to strengthen the atonic possessive, standing before it or after the follg. subst. (see ZCP xii 439 ): tacud iar mār muī mo chelmuine (.i. iar mórthacad regat, is í mo chélmaine dam), Lib. Hymn. i 184 = iar mar moi (.i. mei), Rawl. 106b22 . rect moi mo Christ, ib. (= moe, Rawl.). moai [leg. maoi?] mo rosc (.i. rop limm mo radarc), ZCP iii 224 § 10 (Amra Senáin). moe mó dia, LU 3081 = SG 236. saeru mo gene maoi, O'Dav. 1034. tí mo macain mui `the cloak of a child of mine', 1555 . muí mo chain cetmuinter, Anecd. iii 28.8 (moi v.l.). mui mo macc mui mo ingen, ib. 18 .

3 acc. (obj. of vb.): in O.Ir. and early Mid.Ir. the infixed pron. is used to express the obj.; the use of the independent forms (perhaps confined at first to the emphatic forms) becomes common later, esp. with imperative, and in course of time displaces the infixed pron., see Strachan, Ériu i 176 f .

(a) ni aichne nech acht missi fodessin he recognizes no one but me, TBC-LL¹ 1005. atat tri coecait . . . acum . . . noco treicfitis messe, SCC 44. dochluinet mé, PH 2714. creid mé ┐ dam ┐ indam!, 7311 . dorónsabar bar triur mesi cúnntabartach the three of you have made me doubtful, 1805 . freagair ar grad Muire me!, ACL iii 241 § 3. na ro dilsigea sinn do Lucifer, LB 112a30 ( MacCarthy 62.19 ) = nachar-ṅdilsi Dia, SR 1551. co ra-shaera sind, PH 764. gab chucat sind!, 184 . saer sinne! 2884 . (reflex.) dobermais sínn fein i ndilsi, 7233 .

Supplementing infixed pron.: is e rom-cuir cum comruic me, ZCP vi 101.25 . co ron-timorcmis sind fodein, PH 4938.

(b) in late Mid.Ir. the form ind comes into use as acc. pl. and continues in Mod.Ir. till recent times: ni ro lecea índ i ndérchoined, PH 7961 (only instance). beandaig ind!, ACL iii 241 § 1. nach sluic in lar uili ind, 242 § 9. ná fuirigh inn in ngioll grása, Dán Dé xii 10. na léig inn a ccathughadh achd saor inn o olc, Matthew vi 13. Rarely used as nom., with cop.: mec oenathar ┐ oenmathar ind , LB 113b62 . ma dubach ind o'n aithrigi, ACL iii 234 § 8. da mbeith decelt tarainne | is ind ar cæ do teghluigh, ZCP ix 167.3 ( = os sinn).

II Infixed forms: in O.Ir. and earlier Mid.Ir. used with vb. to express the acc. (occas. also dat., also reflex. and reciprocal relations), see Thurn. Hdb. 244. In later Mid.Ir. the infixed form gradually falls into disuse, giving way to the independent, see Ó Catháin, ZCP xix 1.

(a) O.Ir. forms:

(a) after the prefixes no-, ro-, do-, di-, fo-, ar-, imm-, and the negations ní, nách-: s. -m(m)-, leniting follg. consonant. pl. -n(n)-; occas. with vowel inserted between prefix and pron. (esp. after nách), for examples see -n-

(b) in rel. constr. and after prefixes ad-, aith-, con-, ess-, etar-, for-, frith-, in-: s. -dom(m)-, -dam(m)-. pl. -don(n-), -dan(n)-. The prefixes ad- (aith-, ess-, in-), con-, frith-, com- bined with the pron. give the forms atom- (-am-), cotam-, fritom-, pl. atan(n)-, coton-.

For full treatment of inf. pron. in Glosses see Sommer, ZCP i 181 - 7 .

(b) in O.Ir. the inf. pron. is sometimes used idiomatically as dat. with 3 s. subst. vb., apparently unstressed, in impers. constr. folld. by adj. or subst., as equivalent for a copula-clause: nim-tha laám I am not a hand, Wb. 12a21 . nímptha fírion I am not righteous, 8d24 . nimtha maith do chath I am no good for fighting, SCC 13. Also with follg. noun subject ním-thá I have not (non est mihi): nimthá-sa cumac dóib I am not able for them, LU 1515 ( MU 52.10 ). Cf. SR 3761 quoted under (c). But ním fil I am not: ci nín fil lib although we are not with you, Wb. 16b9 , where the pronoun is accusative.

See attá and 1 is.

(c) in Mid.Ir. the poss. 5 ar is often used instead of -n- in pl.: at-ar-fail cen duine trén we are without a strong man, SR 3761. ních-ar-fail tlacht no dagbíad we have neither raiment nor food, 1560 (for -ch cf. 2088 ). cid nach-ar-cobrai? why dost thou not help us? 3759 . is trúag aní narta [ = no-ar-ta] de what comes to us therefrom (i.e. our consequent plight), TBC-LL¹ 4150. in dóig in-ar-tísed Conchobar? is it likely that C. would have come to us? 815 , cf. 834 . rar-cluin he has heard us, 3342 . rar-marnestar, 3688 . issed rar-metair-ne, CRR 5. co n-or-mbaiter so that we are drowned, RC ix 461. ailim trocaire ṅDe co n-or-bera uili . . . isin flaith, YBL 166b34 . nach-ar-leic i n-amus!, PH 7961. aprisci in adbhuir dian-ar-forcoimnacair whereof we have been created, Ériu ii 122 § 62. fa breith an Coimghe ror-cum, Rel. Celt. ii 280.16 . For: ar = 1 pl. pres. cop., see 1 is.

III Suffixed forms with vb.: s. -m(m), -um(m), -am(m); pl. -un(n).

(a) with 3 s. cop. in dat. relation: issum ecen precept it is necessary for me to teach, Wb. 10d24 . isim écen-sa techt, LU 4694 ( TBC-LL¹ 221 ). ním dil (.i. ni hinmain lem), Hy. ii 44. ni fuigeba-su curaid . . . bádam [ = bad-am] fiu-sa thou wilt not find a champion who would be worth me, SCC 42. In Mid.Ir. the suffix comes to be regarded as a personal inflection of the cop., hence the forms isam, bam, badam; see 1 is.

(b) with 3 s. of subst. vb. in dat. and of other vbs. in acc. relation, in pres. ind. and pret. and pres. subj.: tathum dual do bruc I have cause for grief, LL 147a23 = PRIA iii 548 § 20. tathum ó Día praind, Anecd. i 64.6 . tathum .i. ata agam, O'Dav. 1603. sastum ( = sásaid-um), Ériu ii 63 § 1. ainsium Crist may Christ protect me, Hy. vi 14. ní rubí-m-sea do gæ has not wounded me, SCC 41. táthunn ní as nessa, Fél. 217. taithiunn . . . ni fristarddam ar n-áthius we have something to which to apply our acuteness, Thes. ii 293.19 ( SP ii 3 ). ainsiund .i. ro ainge sind may he protect us, 352.33 ( Hy. vi 14 Comm. ).

Used in prayer-formulas, often with a spurious s-subj. with force of optative: moightiumh [ = mogaid- or mogad-um?] . . . slánuightium, ZCP vi 258.10 . snaidhsium saorsam carsam, ib. 3 . snaidhsim Dia, x 347.4 . molsum gach maith . . . biadsum . . . griansum grian . . . saorsum gach dūn . . . mārsim Dia . . . caomsum Coimdi, ib. 5 - 7 .

IV Suffixed form with prep., s. -m(m), pl. -n(n); see under the several prepositions.

V Emphasizing particle, s. -sa, -so, later occas. -su; (after palatal cons. or vowels e, i) -se, later also -sea. pl. -ni, later -ne; laimir-sni (gl. audemus), Wb. 15c20 (a prima manu), is an archaic form.

Added to (a) independent form of pron., mes(s)e, snisni, etc., see I above.

(b) subst. preceded by poss. adj.: im labrad-sa, Wb. 14c23 . mo fochidi-se, 25a10 . dum popul-sa, Ml. 77a13 . mo popuil-se, ib. 12 . mo dam-sa, CRR 4. mo throit-se, 5 . form dreich-sea, SCC 40. mo chomarli-sea, FB 8. dom'ic-sa, IT i 125.28 (LU). imm dáil-si, 126.2 . ar n-inmedónach-ni, Ml. 67d14 . ar mbreth-ni, FB 62. ar cuit-ni, CRR 17. fo daig ar n-ícca-ne, PH 176.

(c) pred. of cop. in first pers. (O. and early Mid.Ir.): am cimbid-se, Wb. 27c22 . nita-chumme-se, 20c25 . ni ba dimicthe-se, 21d3 . am trú-sa, SCC 7. isam ben-sa, FB 30. bíam [ = bam] cú-sa, LU 5027 ( TBC-I¹ 538 ). robummar bibdid-ni dait-siu, Ml. 62d5 . air [im]mi ardu-ni de we are the higher, 23d23 .

(d) vb. used in first pers. to emphasize the subj.: attóo-sa, Wb. 12a21 . biuu-sa, 16d8 . tíagu-ssa, 17b18 . co ní ārim-se, 14d17 . biat-sa, PH 1244. biat-su fēn, 6756 . da mbeind-se, CRR 8. ó gabus-sa, SCC 17. After 1 s. s-pret. one s is commonly omitted in Mid.Ir. texts: robádusa ( = bádus-sa), Acall. 5019. tucusa, PH 3826. rochésasa, 3268 . marbsa ( = marbus-sa), IT i 158.10 ( LL 154b6 ). pl. tiagme-ni , Wb. 15b28 . léicfimmi-ni, Ml. 14d10 . dodeochammár-ni, SCC 13. dogenam-ne, FB 16. forodam-ne, PH 6603. dúnmait-ne, 6868 .

(e) trans. vb. with inf. pron. obj. of first pers. to emphasize the obj.: rom-thoicther-sa, Thes. ii 293.6 ( SP I ). nacham-indarbanar-sa, Ml. 56a22 . du-m-em-se protect me, 72d11 . cotom-gaba-sa . . . conom-thic-se, FB 24. is e rom-forcan-sa, PH 1798. ro-n-mess-ni (gl. aestimati sumus), Wb. 4b22 . issed rar-metair-ne, CRR 5. ni rubím-sea, SCC 41 (pron. suff.).

(f) prep. with suff. pron. of first pers., dam-sa, dún-ni, etc., see the several preps.

oc

Cite this: eDIL s.v. oc or dil.ie/33397

Forms: oc(c), ac, oc, ac, ic, ag, ocin, ocind, ocon(d), icon(d), con(d), ocna, ocna, icna, ocum, acum, icum, agam-sa, ocut, acut, acot-su, icot, occo, occa, oca-som, ocae, occai, oc(c)o, oc(c)ae, aci, aice, aige, occai, occae, occi, occai, acci, aicce, aice, aici, ocunn, ocainn, acainn, ocaind, oc(c)aib, acaib, ocaib, occo, oc(c)a, oc(c)u, acu, aca, octhaib, oc, oc, ocom, icom, 'com, occ, oc(c)ot, ic(c)ot, cot, occa, occo, oco, oc(c)a, ic(c)a, coa, ca, ga, occar, coar, cár, oc, oc, ocabar, icabar, co, ga, occa, ocua, ocaó, ica, coa-ta, ica-t, ca-tá, ga-tátt, gán, cán

prep. governing dat. O.Ir. oc(c); ac, Ml. 22a5 , 82d11 . Mid.Ir. oc, ac, ic. Mod. ag. Causes no change in initial of a subst. immediately following. In Mid.Ir. often loses initial vowel in composition with art. or poss. pron. With art.: s. ocin bathis, Tur. 68 ; ocind oipred, Sg. 190b3 . Mid.Ir. ocon(d); icon(d); 'con(d). pl. ocna fothaircthib, Sg. 217a4 . Mid.Ir. ocna, icna.

With pers. pron.: 1 s. Mid.Ir. ocum, acum; icum; agam-sa, TBC-LL¹ 2207. 2 s. Mid.Ir. ocut; acut, LU 3917 ; acot-su, 4016 ; icot. 3 s. m. & n. occo, Wb. 5a26 . occa, Wb. 8a11 , Hy. i 36 T . oca-som, LU 9019 ( FB 77 ). ocae, Ml. 41d3 . occai, Hy. i 36 F , ii 55 . Mid.Ir. oc(c)o, oc(c)ae, aci, aice. Mod. aige. 3 s. f. occai, Ml. 67d23 . occae, 89c16 . occi, Sg. 7a2 . Mid.Ir. occai, acci, aicce. Mod. aice, aici. 1 pl. ocunn; in Mid.Ir. often with palatal final, ocainn, acainn; ocaind, LU 8829 ( FB 62 ). 2 pl. Mid.Ir. oc(c)aib, acaib. 3 pl. ocaib, LU 3243 , 9166 . occo, 8874 , 9018 , 9094 . oc(c)a, oc(c)u, acu. Mod. aca. octhaib, Ériu iv 144.1 is a late analogical form.

With poss. pron.: 1 s. oc mo, Wb. 26c2 . oc mu, Thes. ii 293. 16 . Mid.Ir. ocom, icom, 'com. 2 s. occ t'adrad, Wb. 5a25 . ac du guidi, Ml. 22a5 . oc(c)ot, ic(c)ot, 'cot. 3 s. occa, Wb. 24c13 , 28d10 . occo, Sg. 67a10 . oco, 213b4 . oc(c)a, ic(c)a: 'coa; 'ca: ga, TBC-LL¹ 5713 , 5720 . Mod. ag a, 'gá. 1 pl. occar n-, Wb. 4b16 , 10c22 . coar n-, SR 1500. cár, PH 1849. 2 pl. oc far n-, Wb. 5d33 . oc bar, 25c16 . ic for, SR 1246. ocabar n-, PH 2669. icabar, LL 238b34 . co for n-, LU 5244 (H). ga bar, LB 110b57 . 3 pl. occa n-, Wb. 16c5 , 20c3 . ocua n-, Ml. 18b4 . ocaó n-, LU 4630 . ica n-.

With rel. pron.: nearly always folld. by subst. vb.; no exx. in Glosses. coa-ta, TBC-LL¹ 1236 (2 s.) co ata, Rawl. 152b38 (3 s.). ica-t, TBC-LL¹ 1616. ca-tá, 120 . ga-tátt, BColm. 80.29 (3 pl.). ca mbia, IT i 190.15 ( FA 30 LB). oca mbaí, TBC-LL¹ 3516. coa rabi, 785 . gá farcgaib, 786 . gar cumad, ZCP viii 114 § 13.

Isolated exx. occur with cop.: pres. sdéd gan dóigh urraim na n-eillteadh, IGT Dec. ex. 1177 = gán, 662 . cán, Hy Fiach. 284. pret. on curi car terc sluaig, Metr. Dinds. iii 418.20 . As preverb, only in composition with ben- (subst. vb.), see ocuben.

In general sense denotes proximity, local or figurative (always of rest in a place or state).

I In local sense

(a) at, beside, close to: oc na fothaircthib at the baths, Sg. 217a4 . occi (gl. iuxta se), 7a2 . imdi noa occai (gl. Tarsis potens navium), Ml. 67d23 . cáingrían ocon tṡléib sin, Fél. Oct. 20. icon dún . . . .i. oc Dún Mac N., TBC-LL¹ 1225. in fetar-su cia fil icond áth?, 1157 . oc cros ind-dorus lis by the cross in front of the hostel, Mon. Tall. § 62. dessid Ísu ic meis, PH 5035 , cf. dessid ocon muicc sat down (to carve) the pig, IT 100.22 . oc Ierusalem, PH 485. fert Fergusa . . . fil ic Findloch i Connachta, ACL iii 5.4 . cantairecht do tocbail agun altoir, ZCP viii 115 § 27. gom thoigh at my house, 219 § 9 . tair ic taurcbáil na gréne in the quarter of sunrise, IT i 129.9 . Cf. is e fil oc mo gerran-sa who is in charge of my nag, Ériu v 30.9 . Exceptionally after vb. of motion (in fig. sense): do impo se na Lumbardaig . . . oc creidium na heclasi, ZCP xiii 184.2 .

(b) in fig. sense, beside = compared with (Germ. neben): luin oc elaib, Corm. Y 69 , cf. gloss in LU 330 : .i. deróli na luin i farrad na n-ela. marbāin inna bliadna so, | nirbo chuīnti nech occo there was none worth bewailing compared with them, Bruchst. i § 96 = níbo caointe ní occa, TFrag. 60.15 .

(c) folld. by demonstr. pron. so, sin, sút and a subst., form- ing an elliptical sent. here (there) is (are) (= Lat. ecce, Fr. voici, voilà). The form ac is always used in this construction, which is unknown in O.Ir. The orig. constr. is prob.: oc so (sin) atá . . . , the prep. governing the demonstr.; but later ac so (sin) comes to be regarded as a compd. adv. and the follg. subst. is sometimes in acc. case. See IGT Introd. § 128 , where ag so, ag sin and ag súd are said to be followed either by nom. or acc., `ag sin bean gheal' and `ag sin mhnáoi ngil' being both correct. ac so me here I am, PH 638. ac so uan Dé, 3794 . ac sin chucut do ríg (= ecce rex tuus venit tibi), 4376 . ac seo in corn-so dúib, LL 301b3 ( RC xiii 62 x ). ac sin bar n-usci dhaibh, Ériu v 158.220 . ag soin . . . an mbunnainn, IGT Dec. ex. 561.

Ac so, ac sin are freq. used like Fr. voici, voilà to indicate respectively a following or a preceding statement, enumera- tion, etc. ag so an tres gniomh diobh . . . fer a ionaid do dermat, BNnÉ 263.1 . ethech ┐ bréga ┐ luigeda dímaine . . . ac sin brissed na cet-aithne, PH 7604. ac sein duit ocht fichit cest rá ernisem, LL 145a52 . ac sin a n-oidid éicin chloinde crōda Cennēidig, ZCP viii 120.7 . o Gabrann co Cnamchaill . . . ag sin in gnathrainn, Ériu ii 50 § 4. ag sin agat . . . slighe na ndeich n-aithne, Dán Dé vi 11.

II Of the time or occasion at or during which someth. takes place (often = Germ. bei):

(a) sulbaire degbelrai cen tognam n-occae (gl. gratia illaborata), Ml. 89c16 . nin-fortéit-ni in spirut oc suidiu the spirit helps us not herein (i.e. when we pray), Wb. 4a27 . bale i rrabe oc na clessaib engaged in sports, FB 43. an cetharlebar sosceli do aurlegund oc praind at meal- time, Mon. Tall. 29. crosfigild iarum oc domine probasti at (the words) `Domine p.', § 30. dia mbatar icon choibfhleid, PH 5048 . doratad anmunna forru icon bathis, 970 . fleadh gá sgaoiltir sgéla, IGT Dec. ex. 1051. (For: ic abardorcha, CCath. 1090 , read i cabar-.) Further extensions of this use: cid ar nach sechend ind eclais Crist ic timna na himdibe? why does not the Church follow Christ in the matter of circumci- sion? PH 5765. atbert Esaias oca césad when speaking of his passion, 2275 . atá an ghealach níosa lugha . . . mar deirim aice fein as I state when I deal with it, Corp. Astron. 88.18 .

(b) with 3 s. n. pron. used as advb. = at it, thereat, engaged therein, on that occasion, etc. ní torbe precept . . . mani dénatur ḟerte occa, Wb. 8a11 . oín-menme lib occo (gl. ut unanimes honorificetis Deum), 6d3 . huisque prius in calicem ┐ issed canar occo (i.e. while the water is poured into the chalice), Thes. ii 252.5 ( Stowe M. 64b ). Celestinus . . . isé ro herlig gráda fairseom, Germanus ┐ Amatho . . . ar aird occo G. and A. being present, Trip. 30.28 . ro baí munter P. oc búain orba . . . ros-gab íta mór occai, 236.2 . praind do tomailt . . . is a hurcul acht sailmchetal ┐ aurnaigti occo to eat . . . is for- bidden unless it is accompanied by psalm-singing, Mon. Tall. 65 . cudnód ind prainde arnā bether ocu nach cein that no long while may be spent over it, § 89. dā biait do cetol i crois- figill cen tairnem lama occa, RC xv 489 § 17. ma doragbus ní d'uabar . . . cluinte mo nuallan acai `hear me wail for it', Ériu ii 56 § 15 . nis-fil do plaig . . . nachus-bera sin for culu, acht corup léir guidter Dia occai, RC xii 430.6 .

III Folld. by vn. (strictly a case of II).

(a) after subst. vb., taking the place of a pres. part.; corre- sponding to the older Engl. gerundial construction `to be a-going'. ataat oc timthirecht apastolorum they are serving, Wb. 14a30 . ce rudbatar iudei occa thindnacul-som though . . . were delivering him up, 4b13 . Cf. is occ maid atáa he is engaged in good, 6a18 . itu ic frithalim na n-anmanna, SR 1187. bui- siom oc huamim sewing, Mon. Tall. 60. mor fer ro boí com iarraid many men have wooed me, SCC 44. ata mog Dé icot gairm is calling thee, PH 1369. tic Euá asin tsruth, bai for tir co [leg. coa or ca] tirmugud, SR 1686 = oca tirmugud, MacCarthy 66.7 . ro batar . . . duile De coar n-airmitein, SR 1500 = oc ár n-a., MacCarthy 60 z . ata Dia ic for togáes, SR 1246 = ga bar togaethad, MacCarthy 52.18 . ata drong . . . ocabar n-aithceód, PH 2669. ro bátár a cruti ocaó n-airfitiud playing to them, TBC-LL¹ 168 ( LU 4630 ).

Note the irreg. constr. in the follg. exx. in which oc accom- panied by rel. pron. governs a vn. in a rel. clause: fogéba . . . aní coa-taí iarair you will find what you are seeking, TBC-LL¹ 1236. fúr na fleidhi oca rabhadhuis denumh damsa which you were making for me, Lism. L. 2357. fírinde ina núfhiadnaise icca rabatar tairchetul of which they had been prophesying, PH 5768 . With prep. do inserted before vn.: do dhemnaib ca tai d'adrad whom thou worshippest, PH 634. is e so in t-Ísu oca raba Hiruath d'iarraid, 2841 .

With ellipse of vb., in function of pres. part.: cid tu dana icim dail? who art thou that comest to meet me? IT i 127.4 . ingen oc ambrán singing, PH 889. siat oc slechtanaib . . . ┐ oc ádrad Ísu, 2615 . espuig ag adhaltras, ag meallad a ngraidh bishops adulterous, belying their orders, ZCP viii 209.29 . sib-si icc iarraid bar leicctiu don cath ┐ misi ica-for [accabur v.l.] fostadh, CCath. 5129.

After subst. vb. in impers. construction: cia bethir oc far n-ingrim though they be a-persecuting you, Wb. 5d33 . céin both oc taisbenad na flede dóib while they were setting forth the feast, FB 13. is and ro bas oca caíniud lamentation was made for them, 77 . atathar com breith don Teibh they are taking me to Thebes, RC x 180.35 . ru fitir níb uc denam a lessa ro bass and, RC iii 176.18 . The follg. ex. offers an analogous construction: os gar ndola con lō so since we are going to this battle (?), RC xxxvii 352 § 9 .

(b) with other vbs., referring to subj. of sent.: conid oc accaíne sin atbert in rí, PH 4268. ro-bar-n-élned oc adrad cloch ┐ crand by worshipping, 1707 . a fhuair [do máthair] do galar acut breith, 7390 . dorala Cairend doib ic tabairt usci do Temraig as she was bringing water, RC xxiv 192.17 . muna derntaí maith icabhur cosnum, Acall. 5141 = ocabar, Fr. Esp. used idiomatically after vbs. of beginning, continuing, desisting: forópair oc dogru, SCC 44. fecis Ailill oc cóí began to weep, IT i 127.17 . ro gab ac midem ┐ ac mórdescain, CRR 25. gabais Gabriel ga guidi, ACL iii 244 § 11. fuabrais ic troscadh for Ciaran, 5.2 . nā han ag atach Righ nimi cease not to beseech, ZCP vi 272 § 14. Analog. with abstr. noun: fos oc etli `per- severance in holiness', Mon. Tall. 19.

(c) referring to other member of sent. than subj.; imba immalei dō occa[r] taithchricc et occar n-áinsem? will he be at the same time redeeming us and accusing as? Wb. 4b16 . bliadain . . . dō ga hiarraidh he spent a year seeking her, IT i 129.15 . cen fial impu oca n-imdíten, MacCarthy 56.9 . doro- chair ecla forsna huli anchretmechu oca fhacsin sin, PH 2164. coro indisetar don rí cách uli oc édpairt dona deeib that all were sacrificing, 979 . ro brised in cath . . . ar Oilill ┐ ar Mheidb . . . oc tabairt tána bó cuȧilngi, RC vi 178.134 .

After the obj. of a vb. of seeing, hearing, etc., often as complement: otchí Isu in ṅduine ic comallnad a thimna when Jesus sees a man fulfilling his command, PH 4607. itcualamar in t-aingel oc comrád, 2968 .

(d) introducing an absolute adverbial phrase: issed aspered M. oca aurail do neoch fairsiom guidhi Dé laisiom when any one enjoined on him to pray God for him, Mon. Tall. 75. boi ingreimm mor forsna Cristaigib . . . oc eráil forru édpart do génum dona deeib, PH 962. is aire chanait . . . don anmain ic escómlad di asin churp, 8139 (= ica escomlad asin churp). ag clos linn . . . do fhreagra, Content. x 21. The follg. con- structions are mixed: gu rabha oc dul a anma ass he was at his last gasp, Irish Texts i 43.27 . nech lasmbad oc dil occorso do cheli Dē who was wont to satisfy the hunger of a servant of God, Ériu i 46.2 .

(e) after an adj.: it mathi side oc aslug these are good at seduction, Wb. 30c13 . it mathi inna ganema oc óul ind lenda (gl. bibulae), Ml. 129d14 . nitat soír oc tintuúth skilled in translating, Wb. 12b23 . cid trén oc tecmallad . . . cia bo labor oc tecmallad mighty . . . weak at gathering, 16c25 , 26 . nidam maith-se oc immarbaig, TBC-LL¹ 1676. Cf. bid gadhar tafaind Ailill oc iarraid crich ┐ ig cosnum mennato, RC xxiv 176.3 .

(f) the vn. following oc is often used in a passive sense, being in this case always preceded by a poss. pron. In Mod.Ir. g(h)á, d(h)á are used in this way. crann immua-mbiat [inna lestrai] ocua ndenum round which (vessels) are made, Ml. 18b4 . ita in cath oca ferthain indiu the battle is being fought, SCC 33. tintud septin . . . is hé ro malartad occo tintúdh [sic leg.] asind ebre isin ngreic which was corrupted in being trans- lated, Hib. Min. 10.335 . binnidir téta mendchrot aca seinm, TBC-LL¹ 209. atú-sa icom mess ona dib rigu I am being judged, PH 1407. dorigne in himaigin . . . co mbeth aice hi oca hadrad, 61 . gair ban ┐ mac aca milliud, TTebe 2155 . fuair se dias do muindtir E. aga ndicennud he found two . . . being be- headed, ZCP vi 281.26 . é féin aga imchor . . . a gcathaóir being carried, Fl. Earls 172.25 . iomad teach n-aoidheadh 'ga ndéa- namh ┐ leabhar da scríobhadh, Keat. iii 3037.

IV Of persons.

(a) with, among, denoting generally not mere proximity but some kind of association , corresponding to Lat. apud, Fr. chez, Germ. bei; often = at the house of, in the country of; used of an author in whose work some statement occurs, etc.

robem occa i mbithbethaid may we be with Him, Hy. i 36. ní n-accathar nech aile occut let no one else see it in your possession, FB 59. is acainne ḟuarais crích ┐ ferand among us (i.e. in Connacht), TBC-LL¹ 5944. nico raga do chorp-sa i n- ádnocul ocainde, PH 3693. iar n-a gabail doibh for creich occo after he had been made prisoner by them when he was raid- ing amongst them, MacCarthy 396.11 ( BB 48b ). ocut-sa dogním in cháisc (= in thy house), PH 5032. an agum-sa 'gud leig[i]us stay with me for thy healing, ZCP vi 37.12 . cid mís no bheinn gun ríg thess though I should spend a month with, ACL iii 304. 21 . anais octhaib .xl. láa he stayed with them, Ériu iv 144.1 . eoangelium ic grecaib, bonum nuntium . . . ic auctoraib na Roman the Greeks call it euangelium , ZCP viii 113 § 5. `amen' . . . is é a etarchert ic Aquil `fideliter'; is e imorro a etarchert oc Cirine `uere', PH 7982. ata tuaruscbail er in peccad-sa ic Solam i nEcclesi[asti]co , 7769 . léaghtar ag Iul Caesar isan seiseadh leabhar d'á stáir, Keat. i 72.95 . Esp. after fo-ácaib, of leaving someth. with some one: facbaid mallachtain aice ┐ berid mallachtain uada, PH 8289. fáccbais comarbus na cille sin ag Urcain, BNnÉ 264 § 226. iar faccbail [sic leg.] imcho- mhairc occa chele after bidding each other farewell, 328 § 56 . ó Ghuaire . . . gár ḟagaibh dámh mór mbennacht, ZCP viii 109.22 Cf. mod. `slán agat!' said by a departing guest in response to the host's `slán leat!'

In many cases oc in compos. with a plural pron. and follow- ing an interrog. or indef. pron. or numeral is used almost in a partitive sense like ó (see 1 ó vii); in early exx. there is a difference in meaning between oc and ó in such cases; in Mod.Ir. ag is freq. used in partitive sense. cia nod-máid acaib-si sin? who among you makes that boast? TBC-LL¹ 1974. cia bad chóir da ḟúapairt Conculaind accu which of them ought to attack C., 2077 . cach mac gaibes gaisced acaib, IT i 101.5 . denum tuidecht cen comlabra do neoch fri araile ocaind with- out conversing with each other, MacCarthy 64.5 ( LB 112a49 ). gach laoch aca-sumh, ML 132.2 . gá méad aca how many of them, Dán Dé xvi 23.

(b) with subst. vb. to denote (temporary) possession: ata x ocumm I have (am in possession of) x; to be distinguished from: is limm x x is mine (belongs to me).

uccu .i. aicci a oenar ata se (i.e. a man's choice rests with himself alone), Corm. Y 1295. árchú fil ocom, TBC-LL¹ 1003. a mboi de ór ┐ argut oca all the gold . . . they had, PH 999. nech ic nach fil almsa, 4974 . do thorad in chroind ic ata fiss uilce ┐ maithusa, MacCarthy 52.20 ( LB 110b58 ). is aigci ata cach maith, . . . ic mac mo Dé, BColm. 100.16 . dā mac dēc ic Coscrach . . . a hocht diib co-ata sil who have posterity, Rawl. 152b38 . ni fhuil ag fissid ar ndil, acht ag Rig na rígh our destiny lies not with the seer, ZCP vii 301 § 9. cia aga bhfuil dúil i lúth? who has any desire for, Keat. Poems 522.

Note follg. constructions: ni boí occo-som do chumachta a mbith beó iarna ndichenned it was not in their power to remain alive, FB 77 (the subj. is the vn. a mbith). duine ga raibe dolás a ngar dó to whom sorrow was nigh, BCC § 147. Occas. atá ocumm folld. by vb. nearly = I am able (to): indar leosom bai aici-seom a sechna he would be able to avoid it, TBC-LL¹ 2208. ata oen-ní ocund do denum `I have yet one expedient', PH 1192 .

Often with ellipse of vb.: bél aicce i tallfad cú, Ériu iv 100.14 . proinn aige da gach aoidhidh, ZCP viii 109 § 4. tucad claideb . . . ac Pilasceius . . . do Plicigias `a sword which had belonged to Pelasgus', TTebe 2499 . ni fhetad duine biad folaig ece [= aice] ann none could have any hidden food, LB 155b59 . ni muirbither mac mna lium cen chin aice, PH 401. uchán! gan againn oinniuin is gáirleog alas that we have not, Keat. Poems 1245.

(c) in sight of, in judgement of (cf. analogous use of la): ro bámar-ni fecht co cátaid acut, SCC 43. ni lia esbaid daim acaind . . . nā esbaid laich the loss of an ox is not more to us than the loss of a warrior, CRR 4. ar bam anoraigti-sea oc Dia dia fhódmar martrai honoured in the sight of God, PH 2428. co nachat anmand uaisle . . . noemait nech icon choimdid, 5087 . nach fil clerech is amru ac Día oldas-[s]om, BColm. 102.13 . olcc occo-som máthair Néill they disliked N.'s mother, Ériu iv 92.11 . inn edh dobeir fort-sa [sin] ar n-etairisine acut? CCath. 634 (= is it because you deem us disloyal that you act thus? = deeratne tibi fiducia nostri? Luc. Phars. i 362 ). co flaith Dúrlais 'cán mór me (= who thinks much of me), Hy Fiach. 284.5 . ní hé as daidhbhre ag Dia, Dán Dé xxxi 22.

(d) used with reflex. pron. after vbs. of saying, observing, thinking, etc.: atrubart aice fén he said to himself, PH 1046. déchaid-si acaib fén masa me see for yourselves if it is I, 3108 . is tria úmla ro chind aice a chlood that he had resolved to vanquish him, 4814 . ro imraid aice ina menmain deliberated, ZCP v 502.8 . do smuain sé aige gumadh ferr leis, Maund. 268. mesait ┐ tuicit aca badhdein, Fl. Earls 228.2 .

The vb. gaibid is similarly used; nā gebed nech aicce fén combad, etc. let not any one conclude, PH 4954. nā ragbam accaind ar dhíles na hindmusa doratait dúin let us not count as our own property, 6123 . Similarly techtaid possesses: ni ro techta occut feirg harbour not anger, PH 4094. is aen-athair techtmait-ne uli ocaind, 6004 : cf. 4025 .

(e) almost in sense of agent, cf. analogous use of la. Strictly, oc indicates, not the agent, but the quarter, group of indi- viduals, etc., in which the action takes place or has its origin. With pass. often employed instead of do where that prep. is needed in another sense. (In Mod.Ir. ag is commonly used to denote the agent after a part. in periphrasis for perf. tense: atá an litir scríobhtha agam I have written.) co torchair acu iarsin iar cur a n-āir he fell at their hands after slaying many of them, ZCP i 105.31 = co torchair leo, ib. 10 . idrochadar sin uili ic feraib Muman, Cog. 22.17 . is dethbir det-siu cia fogabad mor d'imned ocut-sa it befits thee that he should meet with much tribulation from thee, PH 3828 (Satan addresses Hell). co coí n-étarbaig ic anmannaib na peccdach ica pianad oc na slogaib na ndemna, 8306 . iarna marbad ocin rig (i.e. by order of), 6650 . ni lamtís beos icon rig Crist do adrad co follus `through fear of the king', 1016 . ídpairt inn uain oc macu Israel, KMMisc. 144 § 4. With pass.: ra cruthaiged comairle acu, TBC-LL¹ 702. ro benait na cluic ac na cleirchib, ACL iii 225.23 . ro hádnaiced in cend oc Herudiátis by command of H., PH 916. cia coa ndernad in chet-long? by whom was the first ship made? ZCP iv 236.6 . oilén R. atá a laim muindteri Eoin Baisti arna thabairt ac in imperi dóib, Maund. 35. Grigair . . . 'gar cumad in cantairecht (= who was the originator of church music), ZCP viii 114 § 13. gabhthar . . . gá n-aos ceoil . . . laoidh, Gofraidh Fionn iii 46 ( Ir. Monthly 1919 ). is é ní ar ar fanadh againn what has been decided on by us, Maguires of F. § 17 .

Here may be placed the use of oc after vbs. of learning, hearing, etc. (strictly local): ros-fóglaim ocumm nu [leg. mu?] gnímu-sa, PH 1790 , cf. 281 . co ccualaidh féin ag an ccleirech an fís sin `from the cleric's mouth', RC xxv 396 § 13. fear ilchleasach do hoileadh ag Scáthaigh, Keat. Poems 527.

sellc(h)echt, seilligecht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sellc(h)echt, seilligecht or dil.ie/37071

Forms: se(i)llcecht, sellcacht, sellidecht, seilligecht

n [ā, f.] (cf. sellach) usual form se(i)llcecht (unlenited -c- due to dissimilation?). Form with non-palatal -c- occurs once only: sellcacht, O'Curry 329 ( H 3.18, 181 ). sellidecht, Laws i 162.5 Comm . seilligecht, O'Curry 704 ( H 3.18, 339 ).

onlooking, witnessing; act of looking on (at a crime, etc., see under sellach): fer laime . . . fer seillcechta, O'Curry 2353 ( Eg. 88, fo. 27 ). foircsiu mígníma .i. cid i céin, cid i focus in sellcecht, O'D. 1887 ( Harl. 432, fo. 15 ). ni fo lán fir laime icus fer seillcechta a lán acht fo lan a seillcechta budein, O'Curry 2353 ( Eg. 88, fo. 27 ). cethruime fair ar sellcecht ┐ cethruime eile ar coimitecht, Laws i 242.17 Comm . in duine fuair in colann isin bfolach mad ro indis fo cedoir hi i[s] slan dó, . . . munar indis fo cedoir is fiach seillcechta . . . uada, O'Curry 2351 ( Eg. 88, fo. 27 ). in trian naithgina sin o cach codnuch urruid uile a coitcine a sellchecht sechrain da ndlegur comar ┐ comingaire `for looking on at anything straying (without preventing it)', Laws ii 56.22 Comm . mad sellcacht gaiti cid for b[ ] cid for chuithi isé in cédna, is cethraime fil fair mainbe sgiath aca ditin looking on at a theft, O'Curry 329 ( H 3.18, 181 ). mat connaic in duine in long, ┐ nochan fes in raba indti, ┐ is cindti co tairfidea fuirri, is secht cumala uad co fiachaib sellcechta, O'D. 1610 ( H 5.15, p. 12 ). As quasi-vn.: cach suiltech .i. . . . cach ro bi aca seillcecht o suil, O'Curry 704 ( H 3.18, p. 339 ). mása deoraidh ro baoi ac seillcecht, íca na fíach imach; ┐ is é féin do roinne in marbadh, ┐ ro feas air iardain, íca[d] sé leth secht cumala imach ┐ toibghet sim digbadh i láimhe imuigh; ┐ muna faghbhat sim dígbhadh i laime, íca[d] sim riu, co fiachaib seillcechta, Laws iii 124.6 ff. Comm . in ceathraimthi air ar a beith icca sheillcecht in gnímha, is lan fo aignedh in duini dic ann, O'D. 2299 ( Rawl. 506, fo. 29 ).

srengad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. srengad or dil.ie/38788

u m. vn. of srengaid. act of pulling, dragging, tearing : sreangadh .i. tarraing, O'Cl. sren .i. tarraing no brisid, ut est bagh briathar ┐ comeirge ┐ srenta etaigh .i. brisidh no tarraing in eetaigh, O'Dav. 1486 (srenta for srengtha, Stokes). Cf. srenta etaig [.i.] brosna set uil isin dlige so sis . . . in tan . . . is baga briathar no srenta eitaigh, O'Curry 1166 ( H 3.18, 463a ). Note: ro brisi in tédach, O'Curry 1167 ( H 3.18 463b ). in chloch ara n-dernsat a sreangadh ┐ a n-imeasorgain wrestling (?), TBC-LL¹ 2994 v.l. da sreangad ┐ da slugadchacnom na fear sin `to rend and swallow', TTebe 603 . sreangadh roi theann da tucus oram do chuireas mu shúil ar mu ghruaigh `an overstrained effort', Oss. v 104.25 .

Compd. ¤tharraing: ag srengad-tarroing a n-innedh eistiph fein, Aisl. Tond. 104.24 . ro bladhastair cró ionnsma na craoisighe icca srengadh-tharraing (sic leg.) for a h-ais, AFM vi 2216.5 . See also under sreng.