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2 acht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 acht or dil.ie/201

n (?Lat. actus, see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 229 , Vendr. Lex.) action, act , only in artificial etymologies, glossing gním: meracht quasi mer-icht .i. icht mer .i. gnimh mer, ab eo quod est actus (.i. gním), Corm. Y 891 . Eoghanacht desidhe .i. bona act[io] .i. a.¤ (icht v.l.) maith dó fir Erenn do ṡaerad, Cóir Anm. 37 . Condachta .i. Cunn achta .i. gnimred Cuinn, 76 . a.¤ .i. gnim, Lec. Gl. 280 . ar diadacht .i. ar gnim ṅdiada, ACC 85 (RC xx 268).

aicce

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aicce or dil.ie/753
Last Revised: 2013

n , f.

(a) nearness, proximity: a.¤ ab accula (leg. accola , Meyer, ZCP xiii 185 ), O'Mulc. 13 . ?rom gab B. . . . cucai for aicci (aicti v.l.) a treibe cor ferad mo théchtae oca because of the nearness of his people(?), Comp. CC 29.12 ( LU 10289 ) (cf. 1 aicde?). In phrase i n-aicci near, beside: his i nn-accai muilenn echtránd no beitis co bráth, Trip.² 2456 . co mbeth mís i n-acci cech fir díb, LL 315b53 . a naici a namat gl. a namait naici, 393a44 . eirigh ar h'ech ┐ cuir in t-ech maith-so a t'aici `take . . . beside thee', ZCP vi 73.34 . airc an Tighearna . . . ┐ an cófra do bhí na haice, 1 Sam. vi 15 . ceiltear neimh glaice gonta / libh i n-aice th' óghachta `in presence of thy virginity', Aithd. D. 59.32 . aice .i. i n-aice. Acall araice Teamhair .i. in aice Teamhrach atá, O'Cl. See ar-aicci. besides, in addition to: geanmnaidheacht i n-aice umhla, PBocht i 6 . is beag an tiomsughadh laidhnea fhoghnus a n-aice an bhromurruis nadurtha very little Latin suffices if added to . . ., 23 I 1, 109 .y . guin an chló do-chuaidh 'n-a throighidh / trom re híoc i n-aice ar ngníomh, DDána 30.11 . ? Also ina aicci in a short while (?): níba hannsae duit són … ’na aicci 'that will not be difficult for you [to know] presently' Immrama 50.837 , ZCP xxxii 121 . With follg. LA: nec[h] ris ar b[f]iu each do breith inaci leis who thought it worth while to bring a led horse with him, Cog. 132.11 . As adv.: ech acam dúib i n-aicce `I have a horse for you hard by', Metr. Dinds. iii 454.49 .

(b) fosterage: hore is na n-aicci atái since it is fostered with them that thou art (`near them', Thes., see O. Ir. Par. and Glosses, 3rd and 4th edd., Vocabulary), Wb. 5b27 . altrom a meic eter [t]heora a.¤ , BDD² 105 . atnoad (ailed, v.l.) Conchubur . . . ol is cét-a.¤ Finnchóem, Comp. CC 8.17 (text?). icht aicce (.i. gnim) ar iss i n-aicci bis in descipul icon aidi, Auraic. 1112 (cf. ZCP xvii 289.21 ) = Corm. Y 88 . bi a mic inmhuin . . . i n-aice do braithrech co mba seitrech (a dying father to his youngest son), LL 386b24 . atat dano da mbaegal naltrama baegal donn athair dia rogha laim dia mac iarna tabairt i naice corop altar manip deithberus, H 3.18, 19aw . dianduca as cin dethbeirus nimbera isin naice sin aitherrach, z. aice .i. aiti nó altrum, ut est urail coimperta i sóaici sochrait . . . ┐ aderr fos trian n-airir i tres n-aici, O'Dav. 137 . aici .i. ucht, ut est conad ragbad mac nó ingen de asa aici, 63 . log na haici, O'Curry 1989 (H 4.22, 25). aice .i. oileamhain, O'Cl.

aiccecht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. aiccecht or dil.ie/754

Forms: aiccept, aiceacht

n m. (Lat. accepta, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 236 , acceptum, Vendr. Lex.). Also aiccept. aiceacht m. IGT Decl. § 24 . Later also f.: gurab í an aiceacht, Eochairsg. 4.y . ba hisin aicept, Hugh Roe 124.7 (fo. 33a ). With lenited -c- aicheapt, Desid. 4839 (cf. aithchecht). Later cecht q.v. Lesson, instruction, precept: lectio .i. aicecht, Ir. Gl. 868 . aiccicht .i. icht a n-aice ar is i n-ace bīs an deiscipal acind aiti, Corm. Y 88 . Cf. O'Mulc. 12 . brathchai .i. bretho Cai ainm aicepta bēlri, 125 . dí raínd déc ínti ┐ acept bliadna i ncech raind (of studying verse), IT iii 31.10 . foric in n-écsíne oc múnud a aiciuchta, LU 11002 . tech n-aiccepta, Mer. Uil. 143 . co ro erb don mac mebrugud a aiccepta, Fél. 12.14 . staruidhe .i. fear ag a mbí triocha d'aiceachtaibh naomhtha ina fhoghloim, MS. Mat. 494.30 . an t-aiceachtsa do fhégh soin / do légh aitteachtsa an ughdoir, L. Cl. A. B. 176 § 109 . an aiceacht d'fhág Sé aice precept, Eochairsg. 4.y . In phrases: do-gní a.¤ do gives instruction to: dorinne-sium aiccept dóib-sim, Mer. Uil. 127 . do dēnum accechta dī, BColm. 18.16 . do-gní a.¤ learns lessons: dognidh tri haicechta gach láe la Barrai, BNnÉ 16.11 . occ denamh in aicipta, Lism. L. 4152 . do bhínn dá n-aiteacht don ḟior / gach aiceacht díbh dá ndéiniodh, TD 23.7 . do-beir a.¤ do gives a prescription, precept to: truagh nach tabhair . . . aiceacht an Daghdha dhamh / d' aithteacht a anma i nEoghan a pity you do not give me the Dagda's prescription to revive Eoghan's life, DDána 65.35 . do theagasg an phobail ┐ dá thabhairt mar aiceacht dóibh . . ., TSh. 151 . ro gab ferg an senoir . . . ┐ tucc aicept mór dó he gave him a serious reprimand, BCC 170.17 . do bi C. ag tabhairt aicepta do C.C. trias an cath sin do cuiredh trid, 186.y.

Cf. airaiccecht.

ainicht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ainicht or dil.ie/1388

n ( icht ) cruelty, inclemency, harshness: in t-ainiocht dorigne T. . . . ar Brian `barbarity', Caithr. Thoirdh. 135.30 . na dena aimricht (anicht v.l.) orm, Fier. 220 . trés an ainiocht do-rónsad ar a ndearbhráthair, TSh. 4686 . tres an ainiocht, DDána 84.28 . drong an aineachta, 101.13 . fá ainiocht na Scot ┐ na bPicti, Keat. ii 6120 . Compd. ¤rún: i n-éaruic a n-ainiochtrúin `for their rebellious will', PBocht 16.1 .

áirem

Cite this: eDIL s.v. áirem or dil.ie/1927
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: áram, áireamh, -imh, -mhe, áirimh, -mhe

n ā, f. Later also m. O. Ir. áram. áireamh (g s. and n p. -imh, -mhe) m. IGT Decl. § 101 . áirimh, f. (g s. and n p. -mhe), § 150 . Vn. of ad-rími.

(a) act of counting, reckoning, estimating; number, numeral: tri thogairm nanmae dæ ┐ arim a degmaine, Ml. 102d17 . ārem gl. et in calculo, Mittelalterliche volkssprachige Glossen 18 . bidh i a n-arim [fír]chert / do gaethaib da gaeth deec, SR 51 . baí ica n-áirim tria fisidecht, LU 2852 . Forgall . . . ansu árim a ilcumachta impossible to count, 10265 . teimel imorbuis Adaim / dodonarcheil ar araim `hath prevented us from being counted', Ériu xii 180.z (TE2). ocht míli déc a n-arim míli eighteen thousand reckoning by thousands, LL 219b5 ( TTr. 173 ). sé rígh ḟichead d'áireamh flath `in the reckoning of princes', TD 7.46 . is ed ro harmed ann xx. mili ar arem ainfir `twenty thousand to a man', Ann. Conn. 1256.5 . go ráinicc trí chétt cenn in airemh dibh, AFM iii 588.11 . áireamh a fhearta / lia ná áireamh sneachta sin, A. Ó Dálaigh xxxvi 10 . airim craeibhi ar conuibh Finn i.e. Finn's hounds are as numerous as branches, Acall. 192 . snaidhm díamhair ar tháobh na táibhle / sáor ag íarraidh áirmhe as, IGT Decl. ex. 1385 . dofarcat cech nárim `who surpass every number', Fél. July 15 . co ndechaidh tar airem a nesbadha their losses were innumerable, RC xviii 173.2 (Tig.). ni fuil airim ara med do clēirchib . . ., 30.33 . ro femed a airium and ar marbad do gallaib, Cog. 38.1 . number, numeral: huare is haram foirbthe ind aram séde `because the number six is a perfect number', Thes. ii 31.25 . numerus .i. is á n-aram `it is their number', Ml. 18d3 . isí chetne aram sainigedar fri hunáir, Sg. 41b9 . na nota áram gl. numerorum figurae, 6b21 . frisin n-araim ṅgrecdi gl. ad Graecum numerum, Thes. ii 34.28 . fotha airim (airmi v.l.) = fundamentum numeri, Auraic. 690 = fotha airme, 3319 . lochdach iomurbháidh a ttús chomhfhocuil . . . no áireamh i.e. a numeral is not to be used as first element in a compound, IGT Introd. 24.23 .

(b) certain collective quantity, amount, sum: in n-arim gl. summam, Ml. 36a27 . amal bid i n-araim gl. in summa, 88c12 . In Laws used in the technical sense of the proper number of stock which a claimant may place on land to which he lays claim, Plummer MS. notes: biri airem lat .i. da ech i llaim, O'Curry 850 ( H 3.18, p. 386a ). dobeir do airim isa tir, O'Curry 851 (ib.). berid forcraid nairme hi tir, ib. dilse nairme i.e. forfeiture of the cattle in an illegal entry, O'D. 746 (H. 3.17, col. 541). dia mbera airaín (sic leg.) for airím teachta do dainib ┐ eachaib if he brings any persons or horses in excess of the legal number (it is all forfeited), Laws iv 26.3 Comm. is leth dilsi nairme i sodhuin, 26 Comm. fiac techtai[g]the . . . ┐ dilsi nairme, iii 148.6 Comm. cenmotha airme ata mo, ii 110.14 .

(c) reckoning, computation (of time): 1602 do réir airmhe na Saccsan ┐ do reir rímhe na Romhan as 1603, AFM vi 2322.y . re n-aiream suas co saerNín, BB 14a5 ( MacCarthy 316.z ). do réir áirimh na nEabhraidheach, Keat. ii 124 . ind áireamh na naes, Leb. Gab.(i) 2.13 .

(d) grammatical number: áram inchosaig dede ar is áram ilair . . . acht asringba óen, Sg. 71a2 . dobriathar áirme `numeral adverb', 71b14 . ar is coitchen ade cacha áirme, 198a14 . dechor nuird in arim fil indib ┐ it anmmann uirdd fo ṡodain, 41b7 . ní aiccidit di aram air cia beit dobriathra persandi robiat sidi cen áraim, 71b8 . ni techtat arim, 161a2 . doḟoirdet áraim, 203b11 . do chenelaib ┐ áirmib ecsamlib `to different genders and numbers', 211a14 . etir di árim, 72a2 . trissin n-airim nilair, Ml. 48c19 .

(e) act of enumerating, recounting: ni tairesad a thuruim, no a asneis, no a arium no a innisi [an] ro odimset Gaedil, Cog. 50.18 . Machabeus . . . / cen árem ni foelab, Gorm. March 31 . áireamh ┐ iomrádh a n-éacht ┐ a n-áitheas do dhéanamh, TSh. 5578 . beag dhe ré n-áireamh na aghaidh little can be said against him, Content. xxv 10 . cóir a n-anmanna dh'airemh, IGT Decl. ex. 1136 . gi bé do dáileadh damhsa / gan é d'áireamh oramsa that you did not count against me, TD 14.9 . ní chlos éin-bhean aca sin . . . ós breacmhoigh Éireann d'áireamh no woman amongst them is heard of as having ruled over Ireland, Content. xxx 21 .

(f) estimation, repute, account: docuala h'airem ┐ h'ardnos, ZCP vi 25.21 . fuair ar eachtra áireamh ríogh `wins kingly glory on foray', Magauran 1683 . aon dhuine ba mó . . . aireamh, AFM iv 680.5 . ant aentaisech dob ferr icht ┐ airem ┐ enech, Ann. Conn. 1281.3 . [ní dearnadh] . . . ó ló [th'éaga] . . . / míorbhail nar chuir áireamh ort, DDána 59.32 .

(g) act of reckoning with, among (LA, I N-): is la brethir a n-áram gl. quare non sunt separanda a uerbo, Sg. 26b17 . nephdenom rainne di foleith acht a aram la ainm, 188a22 . mad t'árim immorro bail i m-biat dagláich, TBC-LL¹ 1851 . 'sgan mindeabhaidh ann d'áireamh, TD 4.18 . In phrases: téit i n-a.¤ : tet i n-airium aitgina do cuic seoit na hoidhche sin the five seds of that night are reckoned as part of his restitution, Laws ii 16.28 Comm. ni teit i nairem cinad do cuilain do breith having brought forth whelps is not taken into account in its trespasses, iii 416.1 . do-beir i n-a.¤ takes into account: nim-mór as tabart[h]a i n-árim na tacair, LL 229b44 ( TTr. 932 ). ni tardat i n-airium cenela n-examla, BB 3a7 . ní thibérsa tusa i n-áirem `I will hold thee of no account', PH 1804 .

(h) regarding, reckoning as (AR): ba háiremh ar easbuidh dUltaibh a iondsoigid fothaibh his attack as good as meant defeat (lit. loss) to the men of U., ZCP xiv 232.1 . meic ríogh san fhochla fhéinneadh / fíon gléigheal ortha d'áireamh they were reckoned as, IGT Decl. ex. 139 . clann M. . . . gé fhuairsed urri áirem though they have been reckoned amongst them (lit. her) (?), Hy Fiach. 214.2 .

2 arthrach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 arthrach or dil.ie/4333

n [o], n. Perh. same wd. as 1 a. ¤ increase: bui forpart caeictiges for in mac ┐ rofuc an a.¤ sin go cend a secht mbliadan `he maintained that increase', RC xii 62 § 23 . fer co n-a.¤ creidim, Fél. 86.25 . ? as é as ferr icht im a.¤ whose race is best as regards increase(?), ZCP viii 225.z . Cf. arthug .i. fás, O'Curry 970 (H 3.18, 416).

Cf. 1 ardrach.

beillicht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. beillicht or dil.ie/5563

n (bell (?), beille (?) + icht ) wretched deed (?): b.¤ .i. icht beille .i. gnīm tróige, O'Mulc. 176. Cf. ní hicht mbille, Metr. Dinds. iii 54.3 .

bill, bell, ? bille

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bill, bell, ? bille or dil.ie/5894
Last Revised: 2019

n (? Cf. Welsh bele, ZCP li, 35 ) see Thurn., ZCP xv 360. Person of unsound mind; wretch; laughing-stock : bill .i. lobar, Corm. Y 185. ballān .i.bill-īan .i. lestar ḟir t[h]rūaig . . . Aliter bell-īan .i. bell mele, ut dicitur: `a nó beill dogní in fer sa' .i. a nó troich (tróch, MS.). Ballān didiu īan duine beill .i. duine t[h]rōigh, Corm. Y 167 (see 1 meile). bill .i. bec, amail atā ballān .i. bill-īan .i. īan bec: . . . cét mbó mbrethlaind . . . / nīrbtar bāi bille baille (quoted to illustrate bille .i. genaige or bill .i. bec), 179 . bille .i. bochd, mar tá, faighdheach, truagh, lobhar no beag . . . gonadh uadhsin adeirthear billían .i. soidheach beag, O'Cl. allus tiug ar toind cen tinne / a broinn beinde bille .i. genaige, Corm. Y 179. ni hattach ṁbille, Fél. Aug. 8 .i. ni hatach boicht no genaige no meta no faigdech no midlaigi, Fél.² cxxvi § 8.2 = .i. ni hatach boicht no mídlaig no genaige . . . da no bill .i. da no ngenaige no bille .i. truaig no lobair no mbille .i. onni is imbellis (isimbilicis, MS. leg. imbecillis) .i. enirt . . . dia tised in truagan truag / chucaib cona billian mbuan, cxiii § 3 = Thr. Ir. Gl. 133. 12 - 15 . So also O'Cl. s. bille . g s. beillicht .i. icht beille .i. gnīm tróige, O'Mulc. 176 . ní hicht mbille (melle, mille, v.ll.) `no paltry favour', Metr. Dinds. iii 54.3 . ? is bille robātor is da ēigsine ag cia a seisi (B. na f.), ACL iii 311.8 .

? bithecht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? bithecht or dil.ie/5980

n (1 bith + icht ?) constancy (?): bidecht fri hespaib, Hib. Min. 41.23 = bíthecht fri bésaib, LL 371c31 .

cenél

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cenél or dil.ie/8601

Forms: chenéel, ceneel, chenéil, cinél, -eoil, -éoil, -euil, -éuil, -ioil, -iuil, -íoil, -iúil, -éil, -íl, -eul, -éul, -iul, -íul, -eol, -él

n o, n. chenéel, Wb. 29d6 , ceneel, 28b1 , chenéil, 5a14 (see GOI 37 ). Later cinél. g s. -eoil, -éoil, -euil, -éuil, -ioil, -iuil, -íoil, -iúil, later -éil, -íl. d s. -eul, -éul, -iul, -íul, later -eol, -él.

(a) kindred, race, tribe, nation : icht .i. cinēl, Corm. Y 787 . c.¤ ` children ', Metr. Gl. 56.3 . cenel .i. clann, O'Cl. cineal `a nation, kindness ', Eg. Gl. 204 (see (g) below). mo ch.¤ colnide gl. carnem meam `my fleshly kindred', Wb. 5b19 . drécht caich ceniúil `a portion of every nation', 5c3 . écoscc a cheneóil `the mark of His nation', 6d6 . inna c(h).¤ forrorbris `the peoples whom He had routed', Ml. 67b24 . inna c.¤ sin (n pl.), 72d5 . inna cenela gl. nationes, 37a3 . ar chuit ceneuil `by race', 66d1 . a huili chenela indomuin, 67b17 . a chenela són gl. partes, 103d3 . innananmman inchoisc ceníuil gl. cognominum, Sg. 28b4 . comaitecht ceniuil dochenéul, 75a6 . do cenel `your people', Blathm. 46 . ar ciniuil do chur `the slaughter of a tribe', Laws v 450.26 . arindí as toísech a ceníul, Críth G. 387 . cuic treaba di-a ceiniul `five houses of his own race', Laws v 514.17 . ar ḟebas do chrotha ┐ do ceille ┐ do ceneoil descent, LU 8226 ( FB 17 ). nach sóimm i mbrethir nach i ceneol, PH 1761 . slaniccid in chenéoil doenna, 1168 . do chenel dea do `of the stock of the gods', Aen. 677 . do chenel na Cristaige, PH 1402 . os cinn chinil na ndaine = prae filiis hominum, Smaointe B. Chr. 3809 . ba duaislibh a cheiniúil eisidhe, Hugh Roe² 90.15 .

(b) In tribal names: lassar ingen anfolmithe dicheniul caicháin, Thes. ii 238.16 (Ardm.). c.¤ fétho fio `the race of Fith Fio', 239.1 (ibid.). do mhaithibh ceineoil Chonuill (: deigheoil), DDána 66.7 . ar maithe Cinīl Luighdeach, Ériu xvii 24 § 29 (Cinēil, 26 § 35). iomthúsa chinéal gConuill, TD 3.17 . Hence of territory: i tir ba ceiniul doaib riam `in a land which had previously belonged to their tribe', Laws iv 4.29 .

(c) In phrases: re a ccenel ┐ re a n-aicmi, Cog. 42.23 . a clann ┐ a cinél, ACL iii 4.36 . dochum a chrichi ┐ a chineoil, TTebe 4617 . a slond ┐ a chenel, Aen. 2381 . tar cenn tuaithe ┐ ceneoil, Laws v 186.4 . bunada ceniuil, BB 327b25 (cf. bunad). gach bean aga bunadh-chineóil, ML 88.34 . tainic a chinél bunaidh-sium Phatraic cu Bretnu, Lism. L. 42 . Attrib. g s as is proper among relations, familial, natural; by nature: bunadh na ccéadghlún cciníl (: sídh) `stock of the first generations', Studies 1920, 97 § 1 . an tréad nar thréad ceiníl, DDána 31.20 . caor do mhianach criadh ceinéil (: ghréin), 49.2 . a bhláth clúimhfheadha cheiníl (: Aibhilín), 74.67 . gabhthar ainn-séin ga n-aos cheoil / dán re cuisleannaibh ceineoil, 85.46 . Cf. aos ceoil na gcuislionn gciniuil, Celtica iv 119 § 35 . cuairt cheiníl, DDána 90.18 . fa binn c[e]ineoil `who was musical by nature', Duan. F. ii 120 § 12 . ordhruic an dá chéim cheiníl, O'Hara 2277 .

(d) Of animals species: cenela anmidead erchoideacha, TTebe 2774 . elta do enaib gach ceniuil ein, Aen. 1470 . táinig . . . / ar chaorchaibh a cheineoil `returned to its fellows', Dán Dé xii 18 . ar enirte gacha ceneóil cethra `of all kinds of cattle', Hugh Roe² 92.7 .

(e) In general sense of kind, sort, type: hi cach ceniul fis ┐ ecni, Sg. 2a2 . hisin cethramad ceniul na sulbaire romanta `in the fourth kind of Roman rhetoric', Hib. Min. 13.440 . cis lir cenēla airechta dochusin la Fēne?, ZCP xii 359.11 . secht cinela aire, Laws v 228.25 . cech cenel galair, PH 3824 . don chinel c[h]ēdna of the same kind, ML² 1473 . cenel flatha dligtigh eisein `he is a kind of lawful chief', Laws ii 202.13 Comm. cenel m-bíd. MR 16.6 . a cheinél ni fhuair gach aoinfher `the like of it', Rel. Celt. ii 220.27 . ar an dara cinéal peacaidh, TSh. 1493 . an cinél pearsan sin class (of nouns), IGT Decl. § 11 (55.18) .

With cach: do chenel gacha dighi, Aen. 375 . mergi . . . do cenel cacha datha, Cog. 156.4 . mor . . . ┐ do cheniul cecha lenna somilis, MacCarthy 42.6 . In Auraic. in classification: in gne no in cenel in fidh? Is cenel . . . fid inn ogaim, in gne no in cenel? Is cenel . . . ar techtaid gne, 853 . See 3735 ff. and gné.

With abstract genitive in sense of a sort of, a certain amount of: rongab cenel aithrechuis ┐ imnáire he, LB 114b23 . rosgab tespach mór ┐ híttu ┐ cénel occaruis, 141b24 . tria cenel n-airceseacht, ZCP xxx 119.36 (Alex.).

(f) Gramm. gender: atrobair cach cenel `every gender can say it', Sg. 190b4 . imchloud cenéiuil, 31b12 . da c.¤ , 61a14 . do chenelaib . . . ar is écsamil a c.¤ , 211a14 . ceneiuil (g s.), 16 . Note also: don chinéal bhanda `to the female sex', Corp. Astron. 74.15 .

(g) kindness, friendship, affection (see Celtica i 367 ): ta cairdine ┐ cenel etraind `there is friendship and relationship between us', Aen. 1852 . nā faghuim focal ciníl, O'R. Poems 2849 . an dream roinneas cinéal riú, go roinnfidhear cinéal riú-san, TSh. 4942 . nar dhearmuid a chinéul don bheó = kindness, Ruth ii 20 . do dhearbha chinéil bhur ngrádhasa, 2 Cor. viii 8 . do ghéabha cinéal = shall obtain favour, Proverbs viii 35 (1827) . fiafruighis C. dhi cia da ndéineadh cinéal an uisce an lachta ┐ na luachra `for whom she was making the special selection of . . .', Keat. ii 4719 . See Dinneen and cf. cineolta.

Compd. is argain . . . cenélchlainni in talman, LL 31276 ( TTr. 458 ).

1 clethach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 clethach or dil.ie/9456

o, ā adj. (or adjj.) of uncertain meaning. Some exx. e.g. TBC St. 3764 might derive from 1 cleth (c). mo ri ni c.¤ cen chrad / ro fallnai inn ethar ṅdermar, / o rian do rian, for aig thaig, / cosin sliab fors tarrasair, SR 2629 (of the Ark). coa cethrai chlethaig, LL 27532 . Urbaid mór im Albanchaib / i cath Roth nirbo ch.¤ , 6272 . dorochair Niall mac Echach / uas Muir Icht ni gním c.¤ , 4100 . in cluain c.¤ , Acall. 497 v.l. (chreamuch, text). fuarus gleo cletach crundae, TBC St. 3764 (cleathach, cathach, v.ll.). d'éirghiodar 'na ndruing ndíoghain ndíochonair-chleathach 'na n-aghaidh, CRR² 28 . do lúth a mheór gcaol gcleathach (`slender, pliant fingers'? of a musician), Hackett xlvi 3 .

dam-icht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dam-icht or dil.ie/14510

n u, m. An ox-team : climata .i. in damicht ut est nola air iugera hi climata .i. orda no rand, O'Dav. 493 .

deorad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. deorad or dil.ie/15524
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: deoraid, deora, deóraid, deóra, deorad, deoru, Deoraith, Deoruidh, Deoraidh, Deorad

n o.m. (* de-fo-rath, Wortk. 175 ). Also deoraid i, m., later also deora t, m. g s. deóraid, LU 5137 (TBC). deoradha, Laws i 70.21 . n s. deóra (: teóra), IGT Decl. ex. 792 . See §§ 11 , 21 . outsider, outcast; person whose protection and rights have been restricted/forfeited. opp. to aurrae ZCP xxxiii 87-92 , GEIL 5 . native freeman: deorad advena, Ir. Gl. 303 . deoruidh .i. daorrath, O'D. 99 ( H 3.17 83 ). deoraidh .i. easurra, O'Cl. cid dogni deoraid do urrad what makes a stranger of (i.e. deprives of citizen rights) a freeman? Laws iii 380.25 . urraid essem ┐ deoraid a mac, Ériu i 126.12 . a n-ingnais a buil do deoradaib acu `apart from what they have of immigrants', MacNeill, Pop. Groups § 155 ( PRIA xxix 106 ) ( Lec. 460 ). In various legal phrases: deoraid coid ┐ cercaille, O'D. 968 ( H 3.17 679b ) = O'Curry 2533 ( Eg. 88, 44 (45)b ). deorada urradais, O'D. 966 ( H 3.17 679a ) = deoraid urraid, O'Curry 356 ( H 3.18 197a ). deoraidh frecair, Laws iii 380.z of a man for whom his `fine' have renounced responsibility, see Ir. Recht 74 and s.v. frecor.

In general outlaw, exile, stranger, wanderer: suidigestar Adomnan deorad etarru A. set a stranger among them (as abbot), Mon. Tall. 85 (162.13) . bamsa deorad dar crích n-Ulad fri bliadain, RC xiv 412.1 . don deóra (: feóla) dagḟir to the noble stranger, Metr. Dinds. iii 162.12 . do bhádhas im dheóraidh (= hospes eram), TSh. 7153 . Often with notion of indigence, need, defencelessness implied (cf. meaning pilgrim below): dín cech deoraid, LL 182b2 . post congmhala dámh ┐ deóradh of the learned and the destitute, AFM vi 1908.7 . bud aurchur deoraid sin ┐ ní ba hicht urraid, TBC-LL¹ 1288 . lám deóraid, LU 5137 (TBC); 'it will be the imposition of the status of deorad and not the protection ( icht ) of the status of aurrad on him' ZCP xxxiii 91 . Esp. alien, foreign mercenary: ? in duine ro tairgestar na deorada leis . . . re denam foghla, O'D. 1621 ( H 5.15 15a ). m'amais ┐ mo deoraid, MR 204.17 . go dtiubhradh tuilleadh deoradh leis (of the Anglo-Normans), Keat. iii 5292 . Cf. O'Cl. : deoraidh .i. trén no láidir. Also: ō deoraid .i. ōn gilla servant , Fing. R. 871 . A pilgrim , esp. in phr. d.¤ Dé, Laws i 78.21 . v 252.9 ( deoraid, iv 228.6 . deoru, v 118.11 ). He can act as a `naidm' where a contract is sworn by saints or gospels , see Bürgschaft 59 . ionadh deoradh do ghabhail a pilgrim's stead, RC xxv 388.7 . bendachtu for deoradu Imblechu, MacCongl. 55.13 . do deoradaib craibdechaib, Reeves Ad. 367.1 . As n.pr. m. Deoraith, Mart. Don. Jan. 13 . g s. mac Deoruidh , Hy Fiach. 34.5 . mac Deoraidh , BB 112a47 . mac Deorad , 195c32 . o Deóraid, Hib. Min. 70.7 . As name of St. Munn's Crozier Celtic placenames of Scotl. 264-65 , Peritia xv 374 . Also beyond legal process, privileged (= nemed) EIF 172 n. 91 .

Compd. ¤breth: ní foim diubairt d., Tec. Corm. 56.16 (quoted by O'Mulc. 341 , where the word is imperfect but is glossed .i. comtrom). Cf. deorata.

dess

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dess or dil.ie/15783
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: deas, dessum, tes

adj o, ā.

(a) right (as opposed to left), dexter: deas (gl. dexter), Ir. Gl. 386 . for láim deis, BCr. 19c2 . alleth o laim deiss gl. dexteram eius partem, Sg. 17b2 . i noxil in tuib deiss of the right side, Thes. ii 254 . co súilib dessaib (: chennaib), SR 3671 . inna ndornaibh dessaib, Ériu ii 130 . a lámh dhes is a chos chlé, Acall. 1539 . in fath . . . ara n-abar cle seach deas, Lec. 533a31 . smitt a cluaisi dessi, PH 3115 . ocht cét lām ṅd.¤ do imdibe, LL 123a54 . na láma desa, Reg. San. Col. xxi . beannacht na láimhe deise, TSh. 272 . Hence as subst. ā, f. right hand, right-hand side (lám being understood): tria deis, Tur. 142 . for Dé deis, SR 1497 . Hib. Min. 10.323 . bith dia deis hi flaith nime, Trip.² 284 . réidig romainn . . . for do deis, Metr. Dinds. iii. 40 . ? ar des rig is ruirech, TBC-I¹ 2269 . suidhimse ar deis dreagain T., TD 11.101 . manais . . . ina deis, TBC-I¹ 3305 . a chlé fri muir n-Icht, a d.¤ fri bruig mbuan-B., Metr. Dinds. iii 190 . deis fri Banba, bél fri Bóin, Ériu iv 92 . a d.¤ fo-thuaid fri fuined His right northward towards the sunset (Christ on the Cross), PH 3321 . ná findad do chlé a ndingne do deis (leg. dess), 6081 . cor duinndeise fad ghruaidh a blow on thy cheek from the right hand (?), TD 3.41 . Combined with 1 s. pr. aff. dessum on my right, to right of me: Crist dessum, Crist tuathum, Thes. ii 357 (Hy. vii). Dia tuathum . . . Dia dessom, Hy. vi 2 .

(b) south (the s. being on the right to a person facing east). As prep. south of. In Mid. Ir. usually tes on the analogy of tuaid, tuath: i nDruim rig tes Taltin tréin, RC xxiii 312 . des Almain south of A., RC xxiv 54 = TFrag. 42 . i n-iath Cairpri des Bóinn, Rawl. 158.2 = ZCP viii 333 . des maig Midi (sic leg.), Fél. Prol. 226 . Cf. Desgabair (= s. of the Gabar). Note also: do deiss Danuib s. of the Danube, LL 136a33 (cf. tuaith Benna Bairche n. of B.B., Hy. ii 29 ). See O'Rahilly, EIHM 462 . In various advbl. phrases: andess from the south, northwards: dolluid andes for Beluch M., IT i 106 . ro faith a ndeas, Todd Nenn. 138 . With FRI from the S. towards, hence to the south of: ruind aness (= frinn andess south of us), TBC-LL¹ 1215 . conid farcaib . . . andes i ndeisciurt Letha, Hy. ii 10 . D. mac D. do Ernaib Muman andeas, Acall. 207 . fo d.¤ , fa d.¤ southwards: fa d.¤ no fa thuaith, Wb. 29a21 . scailit uad fo d.¤ fo thuaid, LL 209a5 . do chuatar fo des dochum a tīre, ZCP iii 19 . dafáid fo d.¤ co Victor, Hy. ii 47 . isin dara míle ó Róim fo d.¤ , PH 1918 . roláis a n-ernail . . . seoco fod.¤ hi clithar B., TBC-I¹ 1774 . bodes is bothuaid, Acall. 2742 . do cuaid Padraic d'foglaim bo deas, Todd Nenn. 106 . luidh bu dhés, ZCP xi 212 . dēchais uaidh fo dhes, Moling § 33 . a chlé fod.¤ frisin ṅgréin His left southwards towards the sun (Christ on the Cross), PH 3320 (cf. ZCP ii 225 ). (mod.) an taoibh budh dheas, Matthew xii 42 . Cf. sadess.

(c) In fig. sense right, just, meet: nír d.¤ (or deis, see note) dait mo guin, TBC-LL¹ 3953 . ni deis re Dia dergmartra ar dáinib God does not deem fit, desire, MR 172 . nochar deis é le dreich nDē, ZCP vii 304 . an arra is deisse re feichemuin toicheda ināt a seoit fein which . . . prefers, Laws v 420 . ? nírbo dál deis, Metr. Dinds. iii 70.3 . Manchaigh as dáibh as deisi | sealbh inbhir na hÉirnesi they have the best right to the possession, 3 C 13, 453 . As attrib.: cūic bā dēc don deachain des (: ances), ZCP ix 171 § 3 . Dia deas, SG 21.41 . rogell C. cach ní ndes, BColm. 90 .

(d) By extension convenient, becoming, agreeable, well-arranged, neat, later pretty, fine: des cach suabais, Corm. Y 468 . folt . . . cass d.¤ drumnech, TBC-LL¹ 5173 . in t-aislingthe laind lán-des, SR 3350 . cēd matal mōirdhes, ZCP viii 116 . claidmi . . . dessa, Cog. 162.14 . mór a gcrábhadh deas a ndaonnacht, DDána 122.17 . gārda roidhess, Fl. Earls 78 . cos deas ó mbídh slacht ar bhrógaibh, Keat. Poems 203 . ro bo des leo, Lism. L. 1909 . ger maith leis . . . nochar deis ē le dreich nDé, ZCP vii 304 . is des tarla sin that has happened conveniently, Caithr. CC § 65 . go dtárla an ghaoth go deas dona death-ḟearaibh, ML 46 . do cuir fa aithne ar a manchaibh biadh . . . do beith co des acu to have in readiness, BCC § 230 .

Compds.

(a) ¤dorn: ní raibhi . . . d. gan dá manáis, Acall. 232 . a chúach 'na des-durn, Ériu iv 100 § 33 . ¤druim right of the central line (of Ogam): it hé a n-airde: desdruim, túathdruim, lesdruim, tredruim, imdruim 'these are their symbols: right of, left of, athwart, across and around the central line', Auraic.² 51 § 6,4​​ . ¤ḟertas: fil do desḟertais in charpait, IT i 320.21 . ¤lám: ca lín dofaeth dom deslaim, RC xxiii 420.10 . co scenaib . . . ina deslamaib, LU 3888 ( SCC 40 ). beannacht na deasláimhe, TSh. 9896 . deslām glēgeal, ZCP vii 304 § 9 . deas-lámh Dé, Dán Dé xxiii 38 . ¤lethan: in dá ech . . . deslethna, JRSAI lxxi 376.9 . ¤breth: nírbo deis-breth ná daig-bert, Metr. Dinds. ii 30.55 .

(b) ¤donn: co ndānaib domuin dess-duind, SR 2674 ( brown or ruddy in the south?). rinn . . . ina glaicc . . . da deasbualadh Ainnti-Crist (intens. to give A. a fine beating?), Lib. Flav. 32ra23 . ¤mass: as mo lāim degduinn desmais ` shapely ', ZCP xiii 8.8 (cf. GJ viii 49 ).

3 dí, día

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 3 dí, día or dil.ie/15845

n in B. na f. being: issed is ail daum, do d.¤ at oen-bé ocum, RC xi 129 . do di-s[i] a n-icht Chuind (.i. do bheith-si . . .), ZCP v 488 . ar ndi onme luan fri luan (.i. ar mbeith taobh fri taobh), ib. gan dia (.i. bheith) fo mām, 485 .

elach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. elach or dil.ie/19918

adj o-ā (1 ela) swan-haunted: 'gun Múaidh mbreacaigh ealaigh, KMMisc. 170 § 18 . Cairbre an chuain ealaigh TD 41.14 . don tír ealaigh, 27.14 . Cf. os Muir Icht elach LL 129b40 = MacCarthy 210 .

feda ?

Cite this: eDIL s.v. feda ? or dil.ie/21424

n fedha .i. targat, ut est cain fri feda (feada v.l.) ┐ aes imitechta tar crich .i. riagail resin lucht dofairgither do chenn icht .i. ondi is fedo doairgi[m] ... No is fri cendaige fiallaig cana ┐ dar lium is dona cendaib is ainm feda andsin, O'Dav. 1002 (`a guide ' Stokes).

1 icht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 icht or dil.ie/27157

Forms: icht, t-iocht, iochta, iocht, ichd, eachta

n u, m. n s. icht , MR 150.10 . in t-iocht , Caithr. Thoirdh. 48.23 . g s. iochta, AFM iii 626.2 . d s. ar iocht , TSh. 3901. don iocht, RC xlix 168 § 1. See ichd (ó dhá chéill) m. and f., g s. eachta, IGT Decl. § 71.4 . The orig. meaning may be natural good feeling and 2 icht may be the same word with extension of meaning. Perhaps also 3 icht .

kindness, clemency, trust, confidence: oineach, iochd, maitheas, sioth, Eg. Gl. 505. buirbe, i.¤, is engnum oll `fierceness, clemency, and great valour,' MR 150.10 . ín mind mail (.i. is ferr ict ┐ alaig tainic) mochtaide, Ériu viii 172.20 . deaghadbhar rígh Ereann ar uaisli, ar cruth, ar cródhacht, ar chéill, ar iocht, ar fhírinne, AFM iii 396.16 . flaitheamhlacht fearamhlacht fíriocht (qualities of a chieftain), Hackett xxxix 127. chlann tar iocht d'imir meabhail | ar a máthair unnatural ?, xlii 21 . nach déinid aithris ar iocht ┐ ar chinéal choda dona hainmhinntibh brúideamhla imitate the kindness, TSh. 3901. do-fheadar iocht Mathghamhna ; | ní fhúigfeadh mé a ghualainn ngil, dá mbualainn é, DDána 80 § 22. meirdreach gan iocht, gan onóir | an chríoch so, Keat. Poems 1181. ní foláir go bhfuighinn iocht, PBocht 26 § 35. gan iocht do bheith aige as na heasgcáirdibh se not to trust these enemies, TSh. 6995. adubhairt gur thruagh da bhráthair an neimh-iocht gnátach (sic) do bhíodh aige as féin suspicion , Keat. ii 2504. mar ríomhaid cách im iocht `as people in confidence tell me,' Ó Bruad. i 84.10 .

ar icht under the protection of, entrusted to, at the mercy of: rucait ... i lámaib ladrann ocus ar iocht allmarach no go ráncatar Espáin, SG 343.11 . na ligidh misi ar icht na mbarburach, RC xix 164 n. 3 . tusa, a rí ... | ag triall ar iocht éineathair `at the mercy of one vessel,' Studies 1921, 76 § 23 . gabh meise ar h'iocht 'sar h'oineach, TD 30 § 3. ō niort nāmhad ar th'iocht tānacc, a Thigherna I have fled to thy protection, ZCP xii 384 § 13. [do ug] na heochra ar iocht Peadair, PBocht 26 § 13. ní críonna do neach oileamhain mic ríogh do ghabháil ar a iocht `to take upon himself,' Keat. ii 5311. is ar iocht dhighnite an árdshagairt atá slainte na heagluise dependent upon , Eochairsg. 46.6 .

Compds. ¤breathach of merciful judgments: go cóigedh Ír iochtbhreathaig, 23 G 24, p. 254.9 . ¤Chobhthach : ar fhinibh iochtChobhthaigh `on gentle Cobhthach's races,' Aithd. D. 35 § 4.

2 icht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 icht or dil.ie/27158
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: icht

n u, m. (? cf. Lat. ictus, but see 1 icht ) (? orig. n. : icht mbille, Metr. Dinds. iii 54.3 ).

(a) a deed, an act ? : meracht quasi mer-icht .i. icht mer .i. gnīmh mer, Corm. Y 891. Eoganacht desidhe .i. bona-acht .i. icht maith dó fir Eirenn do shaerad, Cóir Anm.² ii 10 § 37 . beillicht .i. icht beille .i. gnīm tróige, O'Mulc. 176. aicceacht dano icht aicce (.i. gnim) air iss i n-aicci bis in descipul icon aidi, Auraic. 1112 (v.l. icht .i. gnim). techta .i. taei ichta, uair icht gnim ..., Cóic Con. H § 14. no techta .i. tí ichta, uair tí riagail ┐ icht .i. amal ata fil .i. fil gach gnimradh arin coir riagail d'agra forin conair sin ?, ib. ní hicht mbille `no paltry favour' (? read deed), Metr. Dinds. iii 54.3 . climata .i. in damicht, ut est nola air iugera hi clímata .i. orda no rand climata (i.e. plots of land sixty feet square) .i. the work of one ox ... .i. a piece or division ?, O'Dav. 493.

(b) a blow ? : cia ro mebatar ilchatha fria Pilip ... is e in t-icht mor deidenach sai ro scar iltuatha na n-Gréc fria sáire (tr. `das letzte grosse Volk'), Alex. 32. co n-aíb aignig, co n-icht ánraid, co nirt nónbair `with agile grace, with a champion's temper, with the strength of nine,' Metr. Dinds. iv 108.20 .

? To this : bud aurchur' deoraid sin ┐ ni ba hicht urraid, TBC-LL¹ 1289 (but Windisch translates : Freundlichkeit, i.e. 1 icht ).

4 Icht

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 4 Icht or dil.ie/27160

pn in Muir n-Icht the sea of Wight, the sea between France and England: Plea, cathir fil do Brigit for Muir Icht , Thes. ii 328.33 ( Hy. v Comm. ). Glastimbir na nGaoidel .i. cell for brú Marae hIcht, Corm. Y 883.10 . batar dá rig ... for na da thír im muir n-Iucht, Hlothair for Franccaib ... is hEtgair for Saxanaib, SR 2370. lucht innsi Breatan for muincind mara Icht , CCath. 2382. gabsat co muir n-I.¤ n-uarderg, Rawl. 83a52 .

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