Search Results

Your search returned 42 result(s).

ad-fócair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ad-fócair or dil.ie/444

 

v (cf. do-fócair) announces, proclaims: tráth mbátár and adfógarar fer dun raith andes, LU 10973 . adfogarar dechmu[ide] do feine fiachaigh, Laws i 264.11 . atotfugēra cech dóin `everyone will tell thee', Fianaig. 14.1 .

airgdide

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airgdide or dil.ie/2024

 

adj io, iā (argat). silvern, made of silver: gebid . . . a liathroit n-argdide, TBC-LL¹ 887 . coíca scíath n-argdide, TBFr. 22 . claideb . . . cona imdurnd airgdidú, LU 3827 ( SCC § 37 ). uma nán naircidhe (airgide v.l.), Anecd. ii 58.12 . fo chathaírib airgdidib, BDD² 1128 . cona n-airiallaibh airgdidhe fothu, CCath. 4718 . im sciathaib airg[d]edaib, Ériu v 72.2 . for méis airgdigi, MR 28.16 . is uinge a.¤ (in praise of Cainnech), ACL iii 221.2 . lestar . . . co slabradaib airg[d]ide , PH 6357 . de chumalaibh airggididibh, O'Curry 472 ( H 3.18, 247 ) (`paid in silver', Plummer MS. notes). Perh. also: roír damh .l. cumala comhinnraic uais airgdibh (.i. laoch) eilg enda tectus, LL 392d30 . Cf. 2 airg. Subst. ar an tricha[i]t nairggidhe (: se) thirty pieces of silver, Gael. 50 , 130 ( Blathm. 432 ).

ar-glana

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ar-glana or dil.ie/4148

 

Forms: airglan(ad)

v (*air-glan-) clears (land, roads): roforbia da trian in tire araglainfem `you shall have two-thirds of the land which we shall clear', Cymmr. xiv 112.1 . co n-irglantar tir remib (corroglantar tír dúib v.l.) `they shall clear land for you', 5 . forcraid nairme i tír ni aurglantar ide as dia eis if there is an excessive number these are not removed, O'Curry 23 (H 3.18, 10b) = urglantar, 258 (ib. 150 ). risna sligeadaib anfóilli ra airglansatar, LL 240a17 ( TTr. 1725 ).

Vn. airglan(ad).

1 báeth

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 báeth or dil.ie/5139
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: baíd, bóeth, baid

adj o, ā. Also baíd, baíth, bóeth.

I

(a) foolish, stupid, silly, thoughtless, reckless; of animals, wind irrational, wild, innocent, wayward: baid gl. stultus, Wb. 8d8 (a prima manu). deilb mordraige ┐ fir boith, Ml. 52. mall no baéth gl. hebes, Sg. 66a5 . baeth. .i. faoth quasi fatu[u]s , O'Mulc. 118. deich mba mboetha im gach mboethan, Fél. 88.32 . dáig at báetha cialla ban, LU 3996 ( SCC 45 ). a Fir Baíth is b.¤ do fecht, 6032 . in tond baeth bhorr (of Fer Diad), TBC-LL¹ 4185. is bōeth do neoch renus fír/ar ascnam i tīr na pīan, ZCP vii 498.4 . [b]aoth .i. olc . . . .i. is olc ní cradh Dé, O'Dav. 192. hech baeth, RC xx 174 § 39 (ACC Comm.). in breo baoth reckless , AFM ii 902.20 . Compar. is minic . . . nach baoithe an chlann ioná a n-athair, Donlevy 332.4 . Adv. do imthig roimpe co baoth barr-[ud]mall waywardly (of the wind), ML² 713.

(b) In Laws applied to one not fully responsible either through nonage or mental deficiency (opp. to 1 gáeth): fofuasna ide a c[h]uru uile mat baith `wenn sie töricht sind', Stud. in E. Ir. Law 46 § 22. fer (= fír, Fianaig. 30.29 ) mná báithe dlomthar sceo gaithe, O'Dav. 209.

(c) wanton, licentious: cacha baitsaige .i. . . . is leisin mnai mbaith in lenam donither ria, Laws v 454.8 Comm. a ndail mná baithe, IT iii 16 § 40. diammbése b.¤ if I were wanton, LU 8332 ( FB 24 ). cosc mnā bóithe do drúis, MacCongl. 73.2 (of a hopeless proceeding).

As pseudo-n. pr. cóic maccu maithe .i. Baeth ┐ Bras . . ., Dinds. 161 ( RC xvi 280.17 ).

II As subst.

(a) fool, idiot; in baid gl. idiotae, Wb. 12d35 (a prima manu). don báith no dond oscar gl. idiotae, 12d16 . imrechtatar báith baethu B. .i. ro imaigetar . . . na baethu eochu baetha B., O'Dav. 1076. ro selgatar rótu/nád soréid la báethu (of the saints), Fél. Prol. 30. ? goth gruce golfad breice/baeth críche, Auraic. 5289.

(b) In Laws one who is legally incapacitated on mental grounds: dilmuin do boethuib . . . is dilmuin . . . dona hecodnuchuibh, Laws ii 82.7 . ni cria do baeth . . ., do mnaí, do cimid, iii 58.6 . iasacht cungnuma do baethaib, v 490.3 . cor baith fri gaet, Coibnes 5 n.1 . aithghin a nedgi boith no meic, Laws i 272.x Comm. imchomét a baíth ┐ a gaíth, Ériu xx 168.77 . itir baoth ┐ gaoth, ar as a belaib baoith .i. na lēighes ┐ gaoith .i. lēighis, dlutar gach nós, O'Curry 2280 ( Eg. 88, 21a ). b.¤ (┐) gáeth term for some class of legally irresponsible person: in caeptha ┐ in finelogh, b.¤ ┐ gaeth, ┐ in fer lethchuind—ceithre hanmanna sin ar in fer lethchuind, O'Curry 982 (H. 3.18, 423a). baeth gaeth, 1392 (631b). Cf. fenelaig (.i. baith no gaith), Bürgschaft 19 § 59.

Compds. searc gach baothmhná light woman (?), DDána 89.27 . ge béo anocht ar bhaithbendaibh wild (?) peaks, BS 86.7 . nacham luaid dot' baethbriatraib wanton words (Joseph to Potiphar's wife), SR 3186. ar baoithchéill . . . ó mheisge nó ó chraos, Eochairsg. 105.33 . brón baoithchridhe ban `wayward hearts', Studies 1920, 99 § 10 . do bhaothghlóir na beatha aimseardha `empty glory' (Gloss.), TSh. 606. dá bhaothghnúis éididh ionghualaigh (of the devil), Aithd. D. 76.10 . cid día mbúpthai na báethlaegu innocent calves, LU 1752. an baothlaogh allaidh, DDána 80.29 . don bháothleim sin reckless leap, RC xxix 122 § 22 . baethlenum becc innocent child, Acall. 6283. do dhá bhaothmhama thug masla do lígh an lile tender breasts, Hackett xx 45 . iarsin baethréim rucsat Ulaid dar Herind reckless course, LL 22076. in bi[th] cona báethrennaib the world with its irrational elements, Ériu iv 106 § 60. Cf. baíd.

brigaid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. brigaid or dil.ie/6815
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: brigriu, bricht

v (perhaps brígaid from bríg. cf. rob [ḟ]ír fírthar, rob bríg brígther, Ériu xvi 66.14. But rhyming examples are lacking (but see Celtica xxiii 172 )) expld. as shows; asserts, declares; adjudges; respects; proves, verifies, confirms (= confirmare): brigh .i. foillsiugh, ut est ro bo bith-buaghlach bailedhach buadhartha brighaid sencha[ide] .i. robo buadartha in[n]í brighit na senchaidhi ┐ na mór cineoil .i. foillsighitt, O'Dav. 297. brighther .i. raiter no brithemnaigther, ut est crolí bais brighther do cach iarna miadh, 268 . brioghtar mesge. i mblechtaibh damh, Ériu xiii 41.7 = brigther .i. airmitnighther . . . brigther meisce mlechtaib dam `drunkenness is respected in the potations of parties', O'Dav. 247 , O'Curry 2757 ( Eg. 88, 81a ). bricht int ochtmad deach. forinní brígther, Corm. 17. 18 . bricht iarsinni brigtair ocht sillaba and `because eight syllables are shown there', Auraic. 1428. do adhaltrachaib in betha brighaidh (brighaibh, v.l.) Sen senbrethaib `that S. declares', O'Dav. 121 (cf. Laws iv 370.2 ). brīg dō ri cāch brēthir announce . . . the word, ZCP xi 80 § 4. brigfaidh Andcrist proicept sulbair `wird . . . kund tun', Snedg. u. Mac R 12 § 59. brigaiss I. im[ma] thūaith / tríchait catha fri cech ríg `launched' (declared ?), Hail Brigit 22 . na briguid briathra sceó laidib rígnaib for bronnaib (rhet.), LU 6635 = brigriu, TBC-I¹ 2095. brigtair laidi in tres laechrann / fri dos deimin derbtair máil, IT iii 64 § 131. breg do brea brigbrechtaibh / brigtar broine bri (bronni brú, v.l.), 35 § 15. in bar brigas buaid, BB 380b19 . C. . . . / brīgus būaid brīathargloin / parrdus do blāth, Arch. iii 219 § 1. Legal (see also O'Dav. cited supra): bri[g]thur a faithcib fir fuighill .i. firenuighter fuigell uime ona féinibh, Laws ii 12.1 , 3 Comm. a belibh batha brighther gach forgell, O'Curry 1744 ( 23 Q 6, 31 ) = confirmatam est testamendtum in morte, 1743 . do sui dia bal brighthar iar firinne fath .i. . . . firenather, 2408 ( Eg. 88, 32 ). dosli dia buna brighthar `he incurs a fine, on whose family it (the crime) is proved', Laws iii 408.12 . brigter airer erenar / i cnocbeim col, 536.16 Comm. gach lugha leir brigtar saorcoraib dia nderbaib diubartaib manub duine-orgain no nach col coiclithar, O'D. 794 (H. 3.17, 570). acht ma sruithe beo rob bidbanus brigter deiliudha datha, 2202 (Nero A vii, 140b).

Note also: brigais beand siuil .i. ro broghastair no ro brighasdair benn bruit siuil ar an slait siuil hoisted (?), Nat. Lib. G 30, 110.22 (difft. vb.?) `displayed ', Ériu xxiv 14.

Vn. bricht, Wortk. 35. See also O'Dav. 121.

? brogoll

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? brogoll or dil.ie/6935

 

n (2 brog + oll ?): firfidhir nith naboto triaagh tithris muir ninglas nemnadbeo b.¤ brofidh, etc., ZCP xii 401.17 . a fir benn bruaich brogaill broum ide , 402.9 .

clód

Cite this: eDIL s.v. clód or dil.ie/9562

 

Forms: cloüd, C., cla(o)í, cla(o)íd, cla(o)íde, claoidheamh, claíte, cla(o)idte, clódh, cládh

n u, [m.]. Earlier cloüd. C.¤ is vn. of cloïd. See also Blathm. 961 note . Later forms very variable: cla(o)í, cla(o)íd, cla(o)íde , claoidheamh. g s. claíte, cla(o)idte. clódh cládh, IGT Verbs § 42 . Cf. also: do chló cóir do chomhardadh ris féin ón chlódh agus ón chluinsin, Bard. Synt. Tr. 34.8 .

(a) act of turning (back, aside), returning, retreating: drong cen clod o chrabad, Gorm. Dec. 3 . cen gae, cen scíath, cloithi bann that turned aside feats(?), SR 5863 . in sét daberar ar clodh i tar `the sét that is given for stooping into baseness', Coibnes § 7 gl. 7 (gl. sé[oi]t turchlaithe the price of submission). gearr bhíos an chumha so ag c.¤ `soon does this grief return', Studies 1924, 88 § 25 . smuain gan do chlódh choidhche ar gcúl, DDána 42.24 . ag clódh urchradh na hÉireann averting the ruin of Ireland, 85.20 . na mná don chonair do chlódh `put aside from their path', Aithd. D. 95.29 . la homun na toirthedh do clod forculu, Marco P. 65 . forchongraim foruibh clódh forcula on tsaeibhdliged fora taithe, 24 . do forconngair in teglach forsin righ clod doridhisi co ca[traig] Cumaloit, Grail 474 . clodh tara n-ais, 1202 . do mhúchadh . . . lochta foghluighthe a dhúthaighe, dá gclódh ó chlaonadh . . . a reachta, TSh. 6782 . go ro fhuráilset forra . . . , clódh ina fritheing, AFM i 514.3 . clódh a ratha `the reversing of his fortune' (Gloss.), O'R. Poems 2131 . In phr. c.¤ na baise a turn of the hand(?), a clap(?): gearr bhus lón loise an domhain / clódh na boise a baromhail `the turning of a hand', Dán Dé xxii 9 . téid mar chlódh na boise an bioth, xxxi 23 . dá égcaoine . . . / iomdha banntrocht is bandáil / lé clódh beó-chroidhe bos `with sorrowful beating of hands', Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 18 § 29 . Of a weapon, act of turning the edge, blunting(?): ri tulguba na scíath ica scoltud ┐ ri glondbeimnig na claidib icá c.¤ , LL 31478 .

Fig. (b) act of converting : guidhfidh co dichra faa clodhsum forcula, Marco P. 1 . do ghabh Muire Magh-da-léana / leat, a Dhé — gár dheacra ar gclódh?, DDána 30.22 . act of translating : in leabhor do clodh forcula o thengaidh na Tartairedh cusin tengaidh laitianda, Marco P. 1 . act of perverting, subverting, leading astray : ar clodh ceilli fa clemhnus, Prolegomena 50 § 15b . craosól ag clódh a gcéille, Measgra D. 55.27 . do bhí do chlódh ar a céill `so affected her mind', Aithd. D. 100.21 . clódh fuarchóra, 60.13 .

(c) act of changing, exchanging : cath cloita denn, Blathm. 241 . Ísu . . . íar clóud báis i n-eseirgiu, Trip.² 666 . dognīatt . . . c.¤ dā clogc . . . diaraile `make an exchange of their two bells', BColm. 92.19 . cidh ima ndenae in clogh croth asin . . . ?, ZCP x 298.5 . na dūili . . . do dhelugud re na cumachtaib náema ┐ a n-aigned do chló `their nature will change', RC xxviii 312 § 12 . ag clódh ó fhine Eadhra / cridhe mór ar mhímheanma `the great courage of Í Eadhra was changed to despair', Aithd. D. 37.39 . clódh gné áille, IGT Decl. ex. 756 . clódh a dealbha, O'Hara 3242 . clódh .i. ionntodh, claochlodh, O'Cl.

(d) Various: c.¤ fri act of turning to, cleaving to(?): mé ag clódh risin gcéidchion `as I incline to my old sin', PBocht 4.15 . bador beoil na ccneth ag claoi a cheile, ZCP x 292.9 (? leg. ag claoi re . . . ). In phr. cen ch.¤: a cír a criol cen ch.¤ `unsurpassed', Metr. Dinds. iii 464.59 . cor ḟuacratar cath can chlód / for Morc without retreat(?), LL 29014 . Cerball can ch.¤ unconquered(?), 4308 . ro chlaidsead crandcar gan clodh forind aes dana ndímor, BB 42b24 . gan c.¤ gan cumscugad re cheli, MR 240.21 . bhāmur ann ar n-ollamhnaibh / gan chlódh do dhuine ar domhan, KMMisc. 56 § 6 . a cneas mar chuip, / nó mar shneachta cnuic gan clódh, Dánta Gr. 5.34 .

(e) act of overthrowing, vanquishing, subduing : do chloud tra in dligid sin `to overthrow that view', Ml. 56b16 . sab cáid clóithe pillar of conquest, Fél. Dec. 14 . cloud diabul, Mon. Tall. 148.5 . robo cloch . . . cloithi cach uilc Colum Cille, LU 924 - 25 (ACC Comm.). hisin chath clūite flaithe, ZCP viii 118 § 20 . in t-oenchrand ni hassu a ch.¤, / meni fagba a rithadód (see suggestion s.v. frithadód), TBC-LL¹ 2349 ( LL 9436 ). ri cath ri c.¤ , LL 1883 . gan chlaoidhe i gcath, SG 16.2 . cura fedat a clod ut inimicos ualeant prosternere, Gild. Lor. gl. 44 . cluithe . . . / creacha, as marbhtha, as madhmanna, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 162.169 . beart chloithe ar Éirinn ég ríogh, Ériu viii 83.68 . imdha sgol cnaeite ó chumhaidh / ar son claeite Conchubhair, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 378.z . tucc in Dearg do chlaoídhe Guill / na hairm nimhe, Duan. F. ii 314 § 59 . [Bibus] do marbadh ┐ comurtha a claiti do thabairt cuici `proof of his murder', ZCP vi 277.15 . gan chlaoi ó Ghalluibh, LBranach 3861 . Sadhbh is Art Aoinfhear échtach / dá ríghin caibhdhean do chlódh, 3291 . daoirse chlóidh `ruinous slavery', Aithd. D. 35.5 . mo dheala ┐ Rí na ríogh / ná tí dhíom cheana do chlódh `may I not fail to heal my breach with the Lord', Dán Dé xxvii 34 . do bhíodar dh'á g-claoidheamh go fann, Oss. iv 276.22 . atá [bhur bhfearann] na fhásach ar na chláoidh lé coimhightheachaibh `overthrown by', Isaiah i 7 . Cf. also: a ógh . . . / nar ghabh clódh óghachta ó fhior, A. Ó Dálaigh xiv 10 . Hence, act of surpassing : ní fhéad éinbhean a clú do chlódh, Aithd. D. 82.3 . ? nách clódh air bith i gcómh-chruth do Ḃénus í she is in no way inferior to V. (?), Keat. Poems 128 (cló?).

With cath(a) etc.: it anmand (= anfann?) cluithe cath `weak in winning battles', ZCP iii 204.7 ( LU 9573 ; clóithe, cláite, v.ll.). in claideb do ch.¤ na gcath, SG 371.4 ( LL 300b2 ). Cerball currig caémLife / c.¤ catha for Cond, LL 6696 . trí cloidim fri c.¤ cliathach, Leb. Cert.² 870 . c.¤ coscair ann so, MR 302.12 . ag clódh treasa, Bard. Synt. Tr. 33.10 . clódh cogaidh . . . / mór an obair ógnaoidhean, Aithd. D. 60.12 .

(f) Of overcoming, subduing (desires, vices, emotions, etc.): clo a miana . . . clod a mían, Laws iii 204.13 , 15 Comm. cauraid clōite ferg, ZCP viii 117 § 10 ( Rawl. 88a38 ). dochuaid for cel, cluithi cin (i.e. he died penitent?), SR 3685 . is tria úmla ┐ tria inísle ro-chind aice a chlood, PH 4814 (Jesus rejecting the temptations of the devil). ní bhiadh clódh ar cumhaidh, DDána 63.29 . dá sirinn clódh an chroidhe `to check my heart', Aithd. D. 12.24 . o da bi se fein ar n-a clai on trocuire indus narb ail leis indeachaidh da dhenumh, Smaointe B. Chr. 494 (clai nó clui, v.l.). ar gcionta do chlódh `to blot out our sins', A. Ó Dálaigh v 4 . a cholann do chlaoi, Mac Aingil 3658 . do bheith i gceilg ar a choguas dá chlódh ┐ dá thurnamh, TSh. 2107 . sás a n-uaille do chlódh, 698 . chum an cathughadh do chlaoi `in order to overcome the temptation', Donlevy 418.2 . clódh a teadhma, Studies 1921, 75 § 17 . incloud gl. (peccatorum) conuictio, Ml. 70a7 (or for inchloud proof, conviction?).

(g) Of overcoming diseases: in tan nach etir le fein an easlainti do clai, RC xlix 25.13 .

Compds. With adj. cloidhmhthe clódh-bhuilleacha, CRR² 30 . With vb. do cloidhbrudh(?) an sluagh were overthrown, ZCP ii 556.37 . do clódmesc a craidhe was dejected and perturbed, Caithr. Thoirdh. 16.3 .

cuitchernas

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cuitchernas or dil.ie/13723

 

n u and o, m. (cuitcherna) joint lordship, equal rank, condominium : nemcuitchernas .i. nemcomtigernas ris . . . .i. gana arada (gan a rád ?) is comaith iad, no nemtogbail caigne fris in airse, O'D. 1010 (H. 2.15. p. 16a-b). In gen. as defining wd. bé cuitchernsa, cuitchernais (-tg-) (see 1 bé and Stud. in E. Ir. Law 29 , 47 , 82 ): fo fuasna ide (sic leg. ?) a curu uile mat baith, Laws ii 382.1 .i. in be cuitgernsa `the woman of equal rank', 10 Comm. in be coitcernnsa (one of the `cethri mna dligthecha' who can make valid contracts, etc.), v 286.20 Comm. (`rival wife'). cetmuintir co macaib, ┐ . . . cen macu, ┐ adaltrach co macaib, ┐ be cuitchernsa, fri logh i nenech, etc., ii 384.18 Comm. = na ceithri mná dlighthech . . . cétmuinntir co maca . . . ┐ in bé cuitghernais (sic leg.), O'D. 808 ( H 3.17, col. 578 - 9 ).

deithiden

Cite this: eDIL s.v. deithiden or dil.ie/15300

 

Forms: dethiden, dethiten, dethidin, dethidnea, deithidnea, deithitiu, dethitiu, dethidiu, dethide, dethitiu, dethiten, dethitin, dethitiu, dethite

n ā, f. in O.Ir. dethiden, Wb. 10b10 , dethiten, BDD § 147 . d s. dethidin, Wb. 10b15 , n pl. dethidnea, 3d30 . a pl. deithidnea, Ml. 43a23 . Later deithitiu (deithide) as n-stem. dethitiu, dethidiu, dethide, PH. dethitiu, RC xxv 246 § 26 (LU). g s. dethiten, § 24 (LU). d s. dethitin, PH. dethitiu (deithitin, v.l.), Alex. 913 . dethite, FA 27 (LB).

I Care, concern, solicitude, attention (bestowed on a pers. or thing); somet. with bad sense (esp. in later texts) care, anxiety, trouble. Gl. cura, Wb. 28d22 , Ml. 32b9 , 46b10 , 131c13 ; sollicitudo, Wb. 26d19 : atá dethiden fuiri cene .i. imradud inna rete domunde, 3d34 . cecha dethidnea domundi do imradud, 3d30 . roboi dethiden mór oca togu són gl. cum cura electi, Ml. 131c13 . is dír .i. is dethiden do gl. ad illum pertinet, 30c4 . ní dethiden dosuidiu act fognam uxori his only concern is, Wb. 10b10 . dús in bad imchomét ind ríg bád dethiten dóib, BDD § 147 . is dethitin don Liath Macha in corp út, RC iii 183 . is deitheden ele domsae I have something else on my mind, xii 62 . co fagbhadh anoir ┐ dethiti ocu-somh honour and attention, ZCP iv 383 . i comartha failti ┐ deithiten, Lism. L. 3705 . leabhair dhiadha do léaghadh . . . go ndeithide ┐ go ndícheall, TSh. 1852 . ni tairmescann nach dethitiu ar c(h)odlud, Alex. 875 . ni ro lae tigerna in tige i snimh no i ndeit[h]itin, CCath. 3337 . fer rola sníomh ┐ deithitte an tsaoghail de, AFM vi 2220 .

With obj. gen.: cen nach tairmesc ó dethidin in betho, Wb. 10b15 . deithide (dethitiu, LL) senchasa, Tec. Corm. § 1 . ic dethitiu (deithitin, v.l.) in domain, Alex. 913 . deithitiu na coilnidi concern for carnal things, Mon. Tall. § 46 . fri deit[h]ide cuirp for the care of the body, Ériu i 39 . is mor bar ṅdethitiu lium great is my solicitude for you, PH 7245 . indus co mbetha am dethidi so that thou wouldst take care of me, 3 B 22, 64 b1 . ni bia dethitiu neich . . . for araile, RC xxv 246 .

With prep. of object of care, etc., and somet. subj. gen. With DI: robo diliu linn dethiden díbsi, Wb. 14d13 . in d.¤ file domsa diibsi gl. qualem sollicitudinem habeam pro vobis, 26d19 . cen dethidin dissi, 28d22 . dethiden dinaib bochtaib, Ml. 129c3 . With DO: cia dethitiu i faili-siu don bargin út? why do you trouble yourself about that loaf? Ériu i 134 . dethiden do duine, fall fri Dia, ZCP iii 25 . robái deithitte aicce dona leabhraibh coisrioc[th]aib, RC xxv 390 . IMM: na bidh do det[h]ite impe, Aisl. Tond. 101 . ba becc a dethitiu im a chorp itir biad ┐ etach, PH 871 . ni rogénair . . . nech badh mho deithitin . . . im ecluis nDe, Lism. L. 4488 . ar méd a gradha ┐ a deithite uime, BNnÉ 291 . dia deithidin im Saxanaib of his (Gregory's) care for the Saxons, Anecd. iii 71 . dogní d.¤ de takes pains about, is concerned about: an duine dia ndénisiu deithidin, ZCP iii 30 . det[h]ide mor do denam do leigius na nescoid, 24 B 3, 7.18 .

II Regulation, prescription (?): seanadh cleireach Erenn do beith . . . i nAthCliath . . . ┐ rochinnsed deithide iomdha na comhailtear `they enacted many ordinances not (now) observed', AFM iii 28 . Cf. O'Mulc. 297 : deithiten graece dietan [ = δίαιταν?] .i. obseruatio legis et vitae.i. airchisecht cuirp ┐ anmai (where, however, gloss is prob. meant for the Gk.).

2 do-ben

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 do-ben or dil.ie/17219
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: tuba, tubad

v (*to-ben-) later tubaid, q.v.

(a) strikes at, attacks, opposes; worsts, defeats: ? erchur . . . ferais fair | co tob Macc Con iar cach gair, ZCP xii 379.9 (do-boing?). dobbeotar fair defeated him (?), LL 4908 = dobeotar, Lec. 606b22 . ni thubat a meicc i n-agid mo macc their sons will not oppose my sons (?), LL 147a43 ( PRIA xix 550 § 36 ). Usually trans. (some of the foll. should perh. be referred to next section): o rotubastar Cesair `since C. had attacked', CCath. 3779 . fer nār tubadh a dteagmáil who was never worsted in encounter, ZCP ii 342 . fead na tuaithe nár thubadh, Hy Fiach. 246 . cablach nar tubadh, Caithr. CC 37 . ben nar tubad dealba ac dāim, Lec. 364b 40 . fa sciathaib nar tubad dath whose hue was never dimmed (?), 398a37 . Tuathal Teachtmhar nar tubhadh, Content. xvi 162 . ba heisidhe laithe thoisiuch in rotubadh a ttreisi, Hugh Roe 258 . an fear nach clechtann cath | nach tubhtar asa tosach who is not worsted at the outset (?), Ériu iv 214 .

(b) reproaches, taunts (with). With accus. of thing and FRI (or other prep.) of pers.: féige ní thuband fri ní, Otia i 120 n. 3 . tobbie frie a imthechta fobíth Ulad ┐ athar cast in her teeth all he had done, ZCP ix 192 (cf. x 424 ). dobí a an(a)im fria enechsom, Ériu xvi 38 § 8 . dorrubai frim eneach, TE i 4 ( Ériu xii ). arna toirbeitis a ainme (leg. ainim) ina inchaib, Ériu xvi 38 § 7 (see p. 44) (cf. Laws i 72. 29 ). da mbeith ainib bad mo for Choinculaind ised rothuibebad fris he would have taunted him with it, TBC-I¹ 2614 . rom-cháin ┐ conrubaidh (.i. tubhaidh) fri m'enech gin mháthair nó athair lium, ZCP v 523 . rothub fris a éccóir ┐ a aindlighedh fair he reproached him with the wrong and injustice he had done him (the speaker), Hugh Roe 92 . gur thubsat in macradh a braith fris, LL 387a3 . focherd i serg de, fódaig na rotubaide fria enech that no reproach might be made against him, TE § 6LU ( IT i 121 ). rotubhadh fris tláithe a fhoghnamha, AFM vi 2142 . Without accus.: rothub ri Hua F. frind has impugned us, Lism. L. 2255 .

(c) In follg. perh. simply says, declares (to): rosbói ni nochomairled | cen co labradar fri nech (cen co tobnadhur fri neuch, v.l.), IT i 97 = cenco tabnad fri nech, Anecd. v 9 (with line defective). tubh re Fer nDiadh . . . mar daleg in flath ferda co hogaib Emna a m'aenar upbraid F. D. with having left (?), YBL 336a28 . tubh dam re Fraech . . . ara focmaid leis na hogaib a hEmain, 30 .

(d) With FRI measures by (as a standard), compares with (?): cach cruthach atcíther a nErinn . . . is risin mac sin dobiter, RC xii 62 § 21 = dobiotur, Cóir Anm.² ii 45 § 157 . ba hūath fri cāch a gabāil inda lāim ┐ gach rēt ba adētchidhe la cāch dobentai frie . . . unde in prouerbium uenit `fē fris', amail is n-adētc[h]ide in flesc cui nomen fē, sic et alia ress cui comparatur (of a wand kept in burial-places and used to measure corpses), Corm. Y 606 .

Vn. tuba, tubad. Cf. tobéim.

See do-fuiben.

druailned

Cite this: eDIL s.v. druailned or dil.ie/18835

 

x see trúailned, etc.

1 é, hé

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 é, hé or dil.ie/19325
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: ishé, is hé, hǽ, isé, hǽ, hé, asné, ishe, issé, isé, é, hé, é, hésom, hesom, hǽsium, ésium, esium, eisiu, esiomh, eisim, esim, éseom, eseom, eiseom, esen, ésen, eisen, eisea, eision, essium, eissiu, eissiumh, esseo, essem, essim, eissi, eissin, hisseom, heside, he side, éside, eside, éisidhe, eisidhe, eiside, esede, eisidh, esiden, esidein, eisidhein, esein, éisei, eiséin, eisidei, eiseic, ese, esside, hessidhi, eissid, eissidi, eissideic, eisseic, eissein, es(s)ide, bé, cebe, gibe, cidbe, eside, esium, (h) é, éseom, esium, eissium, é, é

pron. 3 s. m. ; fem. , q.v. (later also í) ; neut. 1 ed, q.v. For pl. see 2 é.

In Glosses with copula : ishé, Wb. 4c3 . 25b2 . Sg. 3b20 . is hé, Ml. 36a32 . is hǽ , 102b5 . isé, BCr. 18b12 . mad hǽ , Wb. 27b6 . ba hé , Ml. 24a4 . Wb. 19c4 . asné, 4d16 . Ml. 31b24 . Mark of length sometimes omitted, as : ishe Wb. 25a24 . Ml. 45b11 .

In early Mid. Ir. with copula 3 s. pr. issé, isé ; independently é, hé ; in later MSS regularly é. Before -som, etc. hésom, Wb. 7c8 . 24d5 . hesom, Ml. 53a5 . 90b13 . hǽsium, Ml. 30c5 . ésium, TBC-LL¹ 1744 . 6050 . esium, 1107 . 1189 . LL 223b14 . eisiu, Acall. 1979 . esiomh, TBC-LL¹ 3883 St. eisim, TBC-I¹ 2444 . BColm. 60.6 . esim, 104 . 12 . éseom, TBC-LL¹ 5971. eseom, LU 12a36 . 126a29 . TBC-I¹ 559 . 580 . eiseom, 1222 . 1543 . TTr.² 1451 . esen Corm. Y 276 . CCath. 2615 . ésen, TBC-LL¹ 2893. eisen O'Gr. Cat. 488 ( : seisen). eisea, Dán Dé xxv 53 ( : móirsheisear). TSh. 5134 . eision, TBC-LL¹ 3883 v.l. TD 34. l. 189 . In early Mid. Ir. freq. with -ss- : essium, PH 281. MacCongl. 55.11 . eissiu, Acall. 6017.6708 . 7890 . eissiumh Metr. Dinds. iv 282y . esseo, Trip. 394.4 . IT i 131.12 . essem, Ériu i 126.12 . ZCP ix 156 ( = TBC-I¹ 1543 ). essim ZCP iii 258 ( = LU 126a29 ). eissi, Acall. 2080.3353 . eissin, 7642 . Cf. hisseom, PH 1513 . Before -side, -séin, etc. : heside, Wb. 3c15 . Ml. 100c10 . 102a20 . he side Ml. 100b23 . éside, LL 219a34 . eside, TBC-LL¹ 2230 . PH 929 , etc. éisidhe, Lism. L. 3429 . eisidhe, 424 . eiside Laws iv 138z Comm. . TTr.² 373 . esede, TBC-LL¹ 4502. eisidh, Laws i 8.6 . esiden, YBL 62a27 . esidein, BColm. 52.18 . eisidhein, ZCP viii 551 y ( = TBC-LL¹ 1874 ). esein, PH 1963 . éisei, Acall. 1463 . eiséin, Studies 1924, 242 § 7 . eisidei, Laws i 4.25 . eiseic, iv 46.14 Comm. v 448.30 Comm. Acall. 5944 . ese, Laws iv 16.17 Comm. With -ss- : esside, LU 22a38 . ZCP viii 302.23 . Auraic. 207 . MacCongl. 3.11 . hessidhi, Lism. L. 3888 . eissid, Corm. Y 276 . eissidi, Do Chupur 56 ( IT iii 237 ). eissideic, Acall. 4833 . eisseic, 6034 . eissein, 5819 . 7982 .

In early Mid. Ir. we sometimes find es(s)ide standing for a fem. subst. : oc siair tharisi do .i. fedb craibdech eside PH 943 ; cf. Laws iv 176.24 ( 178.4 ) ; 226.7 .

The O.Ir. quantity of 1 é before the suffix is attested by the rime glēsom : hēsom, IT iii 44 § 60 . Thurneysen remarks ( Thurn. Hdb. § 447 ) that the length of the vowel in ésom may be due to the influence of 2 é which, to judge from Welsh wy, is long by nature. In late Mid.-Ir. however the vowel is regularly short before the strengthening or anaphoric suffixes. The shortening may be explained by the analogy of 3 mes(s)e, tussu s.v. .

A detailed examination of the use of the independent pron. in Old and Mid. Ir. belongs to syntax and would be out of place here ; we give however some illustrations of the typical uses for these periods. Some special uses are noticed in IX.

I Placed immediately after the copula, in the following types of sentences :

(a) bad he for n-ere (gl. portate dominum) Wb. 9d12 . is heside athir inna mmachabdae (gl. Mathathiae) Ml. 74b6 . ishé a ammus lemm that is my guess at it (gl. cum iam fere centum annorum esset) Wb. 2c27 . ba ed á n-oínbiad (gl. mannae) Ml. 97d8 . Símon Bar-ióne...is e eochair na flatha némdai, PH 1639 . tucus aichne fairsim corb'é Ísu I knew that He was Jesus 3736 . ní hé Cormac beus, TBC-I¹ 13 . In Mid. Ir. the pron. is often repeated after the subj. in sentences of this type : (a1) is é gaiscedach as dech fil díb hé, LU 101a39 = FB 14 (hé om. ZCP iv 153 ). issé mo lennán é, TBC-LL¹ 4560 . corb' e metrapolitan na primchathrach he, PH 189 . as é céd-duine tárla dó hé, Acall. 624 . fa hé céidrí Éireann do ṡíol Éibhir é, Keat. ii 1875 . When the second pron. stands for a subst. of different gender from that of the pred. we get the type : is tocrádh mór marbhnadh Dé | ní hé an brón gan adhbhur í, Dán Dé xxvi 1 . dob é ceirtleath m'anma í, Studies 1924, 428 § 9 .

(b) is hésom doradchiúir (gl. Christo Jesu) Wb. 2b9 . is heside dorárricc báas dúnni, 3c15 . is heside robu rí, Ml. 100c10 . Mac Roth...is e timchellas hErind ind oenló TBC-I¹ 1110 .

(c) is he Dia insin (Quis est iste Deus...? Deus sc. ille qui...) Ml. 83c5 . rii benn ced ara neper? Is he rí tuathi insin lasmbiat .vii. ngraid ḟene, Laws iv 328.24 . is hé rí insin loingside siabrai, LU 99a27 .

(d) ba he a ngnimsom molad Dǽ (quorum...officium) Ml. 24a4 . is sí ind inducbal lesom in molad, 126b17 . corrophed mo indeb Crist (gl. ut Christum lucrifaciam) Wb. 24a6 . is e in cetna herdach celebrad ┐ procept brethri Dé, PH 3600 . dob í m'ḟáilte mo riar, Keat. iii 1450 . issé biadh do buí ag M. uidhe cerc ┐ aran, BCC § 122 . Keat. ii 2687 .

(e) is hé rufiastar cumachtae inna diglae...in tí, etc. Ml. 111c13 . is ed as dulem daitsiu m'etarcnae, 103a9 . is é as fhoghar dá gach eon | moladh Dé, Dán Dé xiv 23 . Cf. is e thainic a n-agaid Patraic .i. Sínell, Lism. L. 248 .

(f) asné Crist in lie asrubart, Wb. 4d16 . issi so a chiall, Ml. 65a3 . is e cētlá na sechtmaine in domnach PH 3584 . int shollsi-so...is e Crist mac Dé sin, 3792 . badh í an úaisle ar n-eólaichne, Ériu ix 163 § 6 . gurbh í Éire tobar draoidheachta iarthair Eorpa, Keat. ii 963 . The pron. is regularly in concord with the follg. subst., but cf. is í ar gceann báidheine an bhean, Dán Dé ii 29 .

(g) When the pred. precedes the cop., the word following the pron. usually decides the gender of the latter : in choss is hé oís achtáil, Wb. 12a23 . Crist didiu issí in chathir, 21c5 . cf. i dteangthaibh nach í an Scoitic in languages other than Scottic Content. vi 19 . Cf. on the other hand Wb. 3b16 , 18 . PH 1639

(h) is hé Dia as eola indiumsa, Wb. 8d23 . ní hé apstal citarogab in testiminso, Ml. 38c3 . comad he Nathi bud choscrach, RC xxiv 180 . ba saeth le M. nach he Brian ba ri, 176 . ce nib ed á ainmsom bes foir, Ml. 23d17 . (In O.Ir. the pron. is not obligatory in this type ; cf. issí ind ainim as airlam...ní incorpp, Wb. 3d11 . ni far mbrónsi immafolngi fáilti domsa, 16b8 . is a indocbál fessin condieig cách, 23d5 . ni Dia dudgní..., Ml. 44d21 .) is é mo chorp ro ádnaicis[s]i, PH 3732 . is é an beo do bhí 'na chroich | doní idir eo agus éanlaith, Dán Dé vi 40 . gurbh í an Ghaedhealg fá teanga dona draoithibh, Keat. ii 964 .

(i) The copula may be omitted : he fessin as choimsid dáu, Thes. ii 294.3 . hé cotnarlaic...doib anisin, SR 3659 . é leth luidi, Metr. Dinds. ii 2 . é domrad a n-éccomhnart, BS 48.16 .

II

(a) After interrogatives : cia hé (gl. quis) Ml. 46c17 . cia hé nundixnaigthersiu, 75c9 . ce hé roscríb, Sg. 197a19 . cóich esein, PH 1963 . cidh esen itir, TBC-LL¹ 3843 St. cuich hé in t-airfidech ut ?, Acall. 7525 . cret eissein in t-abhacc ?, 7982 .

(b) After sechi, sechip, cip (cib) : sechi he (gl. si quis) Ml. 35b4 . sechi é cretes de illis Wb. 15b1 . sechi sí (gl. quaelibet) Ml. 65d2 . sechi sí dia rignaib, 65d8 . sechip hé nodapridcha whosoever he be that preaches it Wb. 14d28 . sechip hé dán tra doberthar do neuch, 13a3 . ciphé ade Ml. 26a1 . ponat ergo lunam (cipé) ubilibet computare voluerit BCr. 31c2 . ciped ní, PH 1520 . gib é dig...ni ba missi, TBC-LL¹ 1223 . cip é imress méla...fort, 46 . So far as can be judged from published material cip é (gib é) is regularly replaced in late Mid. and Early Mod. Ir. by the anomalous gi bé (gidh bé), in which bé is fully stressed and alliterates with b. This form occurs already in O.Ir. : cia bé a mmet however big it be Ml. 61b28 . cía bé (MSS. cebe, gibe, cidbe, etc.) dlug bías duib, Metr. Dinds. iii 42 . gipe ra ṡossed (cía bé roisedh v.l.), TBC-LL¹ 6076 . atú ar bhaois gidh bé nach fuil, Dán Dé ix 8 . gi bé do bhronn a dhá rosg, Studies 1921, 258 § 9 .

It may be noted here that the position of the pron. in copula (or virtually copula) sentences in Mid. and Early Mod. Ir. is not always in accordance with orthodox modern usage, e.g. Tadhg esiomh nó a aithgin he is T. or else his counterpart O'Gr. Cat. 488 (= Ir. Monthly 1921, 291 ).

III With 2 os, q.v. : os hǽ (gl. donorum amicus) Ml. 69c4 . oshé, 122b14 . oshe, 123b4 . osse cona licc fora thairr, TBC-I¹ 891 . Similarly with is (s), s, ocus (┐) : deidghin...ina cinn isse níamdo, IT i 119.27 . a inar bláith ...is é étrom, TBC-I¹ 1871 . mar éan is é gan eitil, Dán Dé vii 22 . in scáilfer...sé tailc, IT i 271.11 . andara hech dibsidi ocus se...luath-lemnech, TBC-I¹ 2557 . ocus se baccach, PH 620 . ┐ se ina shessom, 622 . áráit...si imtromm, IT i 271.36 .

IV Independently : hésom triuss, Wb. 7c8 . tría buith adi innim ┐ hǽsium i talam because He is in heaven and he on earth Ml. 30c5 ....nad cho[m] nech acht hesom fesin 53a5 . cen fis accu he buden ina Cristaige, PH 56 . ni nech aile...acht he buden ┐ Dia, 607 . nachar mhair acht é féin amháin, Keat. ii 4179 . cunnradh eile atamaoidni do dhenamh le hA., acus eisin linne, Ir. Deeds, Trans. RIA xv 87.22 . In affirmation : Ferbaeth an e dothæt... imbarach? Eiseom on, TBC-I¹ 1543 = YBL 31a17 . After indá, in(n)a, ná than ( = O.Ir. oldá(a)s, indá(a)s) : fearr neach ele iná hé féin | dá mholadh, Studies 1924, 242 . do ba sine ioná é féin, Keat. ii 1828 . After cen, eter, 1 amlaid, 1 mar, q.v.

Here also may be noticed the type : is móidi a subailchi sin ┐ is laidirede congmus duine a n-agaid a namatt é its virtues are the greater (for) that and it aids a man more powerfully against his enemies thereby Maund. 139 . do benadh an t-iarann as an crand ┐ nir misde do bhi an tseisrech ag trebad é the iron was removed and none the worse was the team plowing BCC § 76 ; in these passages the pronouns sin, é, are asyntactical. Cf. the exx. in Fasc. i 162-163.

The usages classified under V-IX belong to the Mid. Ir. period, and later. Strachan has shown that V-VII were in use before the end of the eleventh century, and well established before the end of the twelfth ; see Ériu i 176 .

The form sé which arises in this period is treated s.v.

V As subject of the copula, following the pred. In early Mid. Ir. we find numerous exx. in which side is replaced by eside, som by esium, etc. (perhaps on the pattern of is éside x, is ésom x), as : in Fiac sin dano mac eside meic E....(v.l. mac sede), Thes. ii 307.3 . Cf. the O.Ir. types : is Diasom domsa, Wb. 1a2 . ni augtor side uilc, Ml. 44d19 ; these seem parallel to : ba cosnamaid Erenn esside an inbaid sin i n-agaid Cathail, MacCongl. 3 - 5 .

In early Mid. Ir. eside, esium, etc. usually follow the pred. directly, while the copula is unexpressed : dalta esseom do P., Trip. 394.4 . bai mac etorro... .i. Mael D. mac A. esside, LU 22a38 . Necódim...sái rechta eside PH 3677 . dalta do C. beos essium, 281 . Whether this type preceded and originated the use of the simple pron. as subj. of the copula is uncertain; there are numerous early exx. of (h) é etc. where the anaphoric pron. would be out of place.

Nicodemus... .i. cara inclethi do Crist he, PH 209 . ní cubaid bás cosmail doib, uair Pól ennacc he, Petar tra...écraibdech eside, 1865 . With copula expressed: combá mac dond ríg hé, LU 22b29 . is la Coin Culaind... hé, 112a24 ( FB 89 ). ba hairchindech na n-apstal he, PH 1637 . ba hōgshlān he, 468 . ba cumang les he, 64 .

VI As obj. of trans. vb., replacing the O.Ir. infixed pron. (The transitional stage is illustrated in the tautological types: cotgair Lugaid amach hé, TBC-I¹ 1063 . connachrancatár hé, LU 59a33 . roscuirset himmach he, PH 110 ): cona ragbad in galar hé, LU 14b31 . rocharsat hé, 121b35 . rochrechtnaig eseom, 126a28 . co cualutar hé, PH 18 . acall-su fessin é, TBC-LL¹ 1652 . guid he beseech him PH 343 . In reflexive sense: do lecc C.C. ar a gluínib é, BCC 274.29 .

VII As subj. of pass. vb.: robaided hé, LU 41a23 . cf. rogabad hí, 41a33 . is annam fogabar he cen chatha RC xxiv 200 . meni frithalter innocht é, TBC-LL¹ 1352 . nach acaltar é, 1694 . rohindarbad asin cathraig he, PH 949 .

VIII Occasionally as subj. of certain intrans. verbs: mas re ré na fochraice táinic amuigh hé, Laws iv 134.13 Comm. noco bia itir hi, 42.2 Comm. ar nach tisad friss he, LL 217b34 . ní raibe a n-aicned duinde eisseic, Acall. 6034 . ni roerchoidigestar do hí (sc. in lassar), Trip. 392.9 . Cf. as subj. of trans. verb: ni torracht Herinn andsin í, RC xii 78 . In such exx. the pron. is regularly separated from the vb., cf. imridh sé éinbhearta is í, IGT, Decl. ex. 1113 ; but: ór ḟás eision, TD 34. l. 189 .

Here may be noted: ol eissidi, IT iii 237.1 . bar ésium (éseom) quoth he TBC-LL¹ 4568 . 5971 . 6050 . ar esium 1189 . bar eissium , Acall. 4615 . cf. ar si, ar sisi, IT ii2 227.34 - 5 . See ol.

IX There are a few special uses of é in a neutral sense, without regard to gender of follg. subst. (cf. 1 ed):

(a) is e cuit in `acht' and the force of the `except' here is Laws iv 42.1 Comm. is e cuit in dono ann, 136.24 Comm. badh é a chríoch...go mbrisfimni..., Ériu ix 164 § 14 . is é críoch a gcualabhair this is the gist TD 31.8 . an é a reic is damhna dhí, 22a42 . iss é sin ciall in sceil, Acall. 3326 . is é áit..., Keat. iii 5055.5199 etc.

(b) in indef. predication, as: ní hé amháin not only that TD 9.11 ; 22.5 . Ó Héodhusa 34.9 ; 54.5 . Mac Aingil 326 . an é nach faici-sí C.? do ye not see C? BCC § 100 . an é nách easbol meisi ? an é nách fuilim saor ? 1 Corinth. ix 2 .

(c) referring to a statement or fact, etc.: rucad in Dond C....úadib...conid é sin méla ┐ mertain ┐ meraigecht is mó tucad for C.C., TBC-LL¹ 2041 (conadh í sin mela is mó v.l.). a Dhé ní d'anaibhse mh'olc | é nach faghaim-se furtocht, Dán Dé vi 34 . re hinghin Anna is é adearar | Dia an t-eitne agus ibh an chnú, x 22 . as é adeirid...nach treabhonn mé...iad, Studies 1923, 81 . is é chráidheas an croidhe | mé ag áineas tar m'eólchoire, 1924, 88 . See Strachan, Ériu i 163 .

For é with neut. or fem. subst. in Mid.-Ir. see Strachan's paper on Middle Ir. Declension, Phil. Soc. Trans. 1905 .

éccomlonn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. éccomlonn or dil.ie/19440

 

n o, m. (neg. of comlann) an unequal combat, unfair odds, hence a strait, distress, oppression : fochicher curu im do chosa isinn ath comba hecomlond mor duit, IT ii2 246.65 . gāir mo maicse re n-ēccomlonn TBC-I¹ 2977 . buadrugud a meic ac comrac ra écomlond TBC-LL¹ 4691 ( = b. a meic Con C. fri dā mac dēc Gaile... TBC-I¹ 2975 ). ni po mmachtad cia chon-bosa[ds]ide for ecomlond tho' he were victorious against odds TBC-I¹ 730 . com-boing tar écrait n-écomlund ( = c. tar é. n-écrait triumphs over the foe in spite of odds ?) FB 52 (n-eccomlaind v.l.). brister ar Laignib... | úair fuaratar ecomland, LL 299a37 = SG 368 . re heagcaoine an éagcomhlainn do bhí ar Chonchubhar, Todd Lect. iv 88 . mor fer...rofoirrgit tre imforcraid in eccomlainn etarra, CCath. 6022 . erreda egcomlainn warriors capable of sustaining a fight against odds, champions Ériu viii 8 . i n-aitt n-écomlaind, Acall. 3768 n.

im-beir é.¤ for plies the odds against, oppresses, wrongs : combad airsein no imberthea écomlund i tosaig i nHerinn LL 115b27 ( RC viii 56 ). búridach na míled ic immirt écomlaind forru, TFerbe 334 . rohimredh eccomhlann fair la a mhuinntir feisin, AFM ii 946 . tréna n-imreann (an bás) d'olc ┐ d'éagcomhlann ar na daoinibh, TSh. 1178 . a héagcomhlann the odds she contends with 2966 . i n-é.¤ outnumbered, overpowered, helpless : airm itorchair i n-ecomlund, LL 123b12 . TBC-I¹ 3388 . rofallsiged do M.... F....do bith i n-ecomland ic mnaib Ulad, SCC 45 . int-í rocharus co holl | dom-rat sund i n-ecomlond ib. do forcomét na féinde...atait a n-éccomlann ac allmurchaib, Acall. 3156 . co roistis dia foirit[h]in in tan bae i n-ecomlund ┐ i n-uaiti sluaig, BB 429a35 . YBL 317a21 . Injustice, tyranny : écomland in popuil Romanaig for in popul I., LB 154a24 . ré mbeith don phobal Iúdaidheach fá éagcomhlann, TSh. 6103 . gáir écomlaind the cry of one overmatched, outnumbered; a cry of distress Metr. Dinds. iv 36 . iachtad écomlaind, TBC-LL¹ 2961 . Ériu viii 46.12 . osnadh eccomhlainn, ITS v 140 . o. egomlaind, YBL 340b23 . taom éagomhlainn, TD 2.34 . Cf. éccland, écclond.

écsi

Cite this: eDIL s.v. écsi or dil.ie/19653

 

x see éicsi?

1 fé

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 fé or dil.ie/21372

 

n a word of doubtful meaning, expressing woe, calamity, ill omen .

(a) acc. to Cormac's glossary the name given to a rod of yew, kept in pagan graveyards and used for measuring corpses and graves: ocus ba huath fri cāch a gabāil inda lāim, ┐ cach rēt ba adētchidhe la cāch dobentai frie nō dobertis trie ogham indti, unde in proverbium uenit "fé fris," amail is n-adētc[h]ide in flesc cui nomen fē, sic et alia res cui comparatur and everyone feared to handle it, and anything that was hateful to anyone used to be compared to it or they would write it on it in ogham, unde , etc. Corm. Y 606 . He quotes in illustration: ... ō rotoimsed fē fri Fland (= since F. died) ib. toirsech bass de, rothoimsech [ = —d] fé fri cnes rígḟer, Metr. Dinds. iii 186z ( v 253 s.v. fé). Quoted H 4.22, 37a : ro toimsed fe (.i. in tslat tomuis) fri cnes rigfer, O'Curry 2018 . Hence, probably, fé .i. slat thomhais úaighe a rod for measuring a grave O'Cl. Cf. fae crand o tomaister uag. ut Senchan dixit crand frisinapar fae, LL 161a marg. sup. erchra fer fe fe flesg, Auraic. 4299 .

(b) grief, lamentation (?): fe .i. fearg, Lec. Gl. 153 . co tur-gabsat [Laigin] múr dergi fri Ulto. ór ba gess do Ultaib dul dar múr nderg. Ba fe ille ┐ ba fe innund immorro in comrac the conflict was disastrous on both sides (?) LL 115b40 ( RC viii 56.13 ). ba fe ille ┐ inund in comrucsin, LL 407b37 . die mbia fe innund fe ille in luan os Martartaig, ZCP xii 236 § 1 . atragat na sluaig. Robái fe [in]nund ┐ fe anall in dú sin, essgal ┐ tessgal, LL 111a42 ( RC xiv 426.16 ). ba fe ille ┐ innund in comracsin, TTr.² 1314 . ba fae do cechtar de comriachtain and acht ba messu dona gallaib it was ill for both sides Cog. 46.11 (fi v.l.). ba fae do cechta[r]de a comriachtain, 58.20 .

(c) as interj.: fé frisin fiacail `woe for the tooth!' (see supra, a) Fianaig. 36.14 . fae riit .i. cafned, LL 161a marg. sup. fē scēl `wehe über die Neuigkeit!' Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 17 . fé mo es[s]e ol atú (.i. truagh mo bheith mar ataim), ZCP v 485 § 1 (B. na f.). Oft. with amae: fe amae RC iii 185.4 . LU 3279 ( SCC 7 ). fe fe amái, Ériu iii 141.197 . fé (trúagh) .i. ue armai .i. lim amin .i. ué, ZCP viii 107.5 . By glossators derived from Lat. vae: fe ab eo quod est ue , Corm. Y 606 .

Cf. next.

fo-fich

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fo-fich or dil.ie/22676

 

Forms: fofich, fofith, fodafith, -fuich, -fuith, fofechat, -fuichit, -forais, forroi, forae, fofesat, fofeisit, foruasat, forriasat, foroesad, rofessed, -forruích, foruich, foruich, forfuich, forruachtatar, foruachtatar, fofechar, fo echar, -fuachar, fofeisear, -fuastar, -fuasdar, forruastar

v ind. pres. 3 s. fofich, Laws iv 362.16 . BCrólige § 23 . O'Dav. 929 . Cáin Ad. § 35 . ZCP xi 87. § 48 . fofith, Laws ii 22.27 Comm. Cf. fodafith, v 462.2 . -fuich, ACC § 129 (-fuaith v.l.). -fuith, Laws v 462.1 . 3 pl. fofechat, 404.22 . -fuichit, Bürgschaft I § 47 . subj. pres. perf. 2 s. of. -forais, Ériu xii 186.6 . 3 s. (perf.) forroi, Laws iv 220.12 . forae, iii 66.15 . O'D. 928 (< H 3.17, 658 ). 3 pl. fofesat, O'Curry 700 (< H 338 ). fofeisit, O'Curry 2142 (< Eg. 88 2 ). (perf.:) foruasat, O'Curry 219 (< H 3.18, 115 ). Cf. forriasat, O'Curry 700 (< H 3.18, 338 ). ? past 3 s. foroesad, Corm. Bodl. s.v. Mug eme (forsesed Y, rofessed, Harl. See also s.v. fo-fúasna). perf. 3 s. -forruích, LU 7013 ( BDD 66 = foruich Y). foruich, LL 261b9 ( IT i 81.5 . forfuich Eg.). ? pl. forruachtatar, Corm. Y 876 . Bodl. = foruachtatar , O'Dav. 1223 . Pass. pres. s. fofechar, ZCP xi 87 § 48 . rel. fo echar, Cáin Ad. § 43 . -fuachar, Laws i 256.9 . BCrólige § 11 (-ur). subj. pres. s. ? fofeisear, Laws iv 144.32 - 3 Comm . Cf. -fuastar, 376z . -fuasdar, v 462.2 . forruastar, ii 396.31 . ( Stud. in E. Ir. Law 63 ). BCrólige § 44 . Part. foachta, q.v. Vn. fogal q.v.; see also fúachtain.

(a) trespasses, commits an offence, does injury , intrans. or with cogn. acc., FRI of pers.; common in Laws where it is generally glossed by fúachtnaigid or a phrase formed with fúachtain: ciasa cathach fofich cū fri tir ... ? what trespass does a hound commit on the land ? Laws iv 120.15 . ma forae neach cinuid n-ainceas, `if one has committed a crime unintentionally' iii 66.15 . nach fuil ales fiacha ... ni dligh focruic leada on fir fodafich any wound which entails fines does not oblige payment of the leech by the man who inflicts it BCrólige § 19 . ind fir fofich `of the man who commits the injury' (.i. roferustar in cneid ... .i. doni an fuachtain) § 23 . folach for fer nad fuic(h), § 15 . direnar triun dire neich frisa ḟuachur (.i. ... risa ndentar an fuachtain), § 11 . atat .iii. mna ... nad alet ot[h]rus ... cia forruastar friu, § 44 . cia forruastar fria, Stud. in E. Ir. Law 63 ( Laws ii 396 ). atat .iiii. fogla fofich cach ben fria cele, O'Dav. 929 . di cach fogail ... fofechar fris, Laws iii 536.8 . cip foghail forae cach díbh fri araile, O'D. 928 (< H 3.17, 658 ). ma[d] fri neithe fofeisear if the offence be committed against privileged persons Laws iv 144.32 Comm. = fri neimte, O'Curry 32 (< H 3.18, p. 13b ). ? i fuissed fael allaid for oisc, O'Curry 227 ( H 3.18, p. 123a ) = a fuirrecht faol allaidh for oisc, O'Curry 2512 . (< Eg 88, 42 a - b ). ni forrúich (foruich Y, furaich D, marbann, Eg.) mac tíre ina flaith acht tárag firend ..., BDD 66 (U). nad foruich an cintuch in cinaid that the defendant has not committed the offence Anecd. iii 24.14 . di pecad etraid foriacht-aide, Trip. 234.15 ( foruich-ide , 2775 ). fo-fechar (fo-feich-, fo-sechar MSS) cairde huaitsiu ... roga ... dochum na fine fod-ruich the border contract is broken by thee. I shall go to the kindred who have broken it Bürgschaft p. 32 § 1 . cuir bél doerdae ni fuichit fine common express contracts do not injure (form a liability of) the kindred, p. 14 § 47 . see also s.v. fo-roich.

(b) attacks , with acc.: cumma fofiched muir ┐ tir (of a `banféinnid'), Rawl. 143a33 . Perh. abs. here; ravages by sea and by land ? ni fuachar muir ... .i. nocha tabair fodiubadh ar in muir, O'Curry 1424 (< H 3.18, p. 639b ).

forfáiblige

Cite this: eDIL s.v. forfáiblige or dil.ie/23588

 

Forms: -ide

adj [-ide ?] io-iā (fáball) fabulous: formolta fása ... forḟáiblige na filed, MR 190.5 ( YBL 306a32 ).

íarfine

Cite this: eDIL s.v. íarfine or dil.ie/26972
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: iarfine

n , f. (lit. 'after kin', GEIL 312 ) the name of the second group in the early three-fold division of the fine (derbḟine, íarfine, indḟine), that is, the group consisting of the common ancestor and four generations of his descendants (see Binchy, Linguistic and Historical Value of the Irish Law Tracts p. 30 ff. ): Later a narrower group, the gelḟine (q.v.), was recognised: fodeiligt[h]ir in dibad itir na teora fine .i. deirbfine ┐ i.¤ ┐ indfine `the inheritance is distributed among the three fini ...,' Stud. in E. Ir. Law 143.y ; and again, reckoning four groups: ... dibaid coitcinn na cetheora fine .i. gellfine ┐ derbfine, i.¤ ┐ innfine, ... uair gellfine co .u. fir, derbfine co nonbur, i.¤ go tri firu dec ..., Cóic Con. H § 69. cétheora fine ata nesom ... gelfine ocus derbfine, i.¤ ocus indfine, Laws i 260.3 . is si in derbhfine amuil ro gabh bruinne in duine ... is i in i.¤ amuil ro ghabsat in da ríg, ┐ is í in innfine amuil ro gabhsat na da dorn the ¤ is as the two fore-arms, O'D. 548 (< H 3.17, col. 436 ). do na be deirbfine foloing taoibhfine, no i.¤ he who has no deirbfine his taoibhfine or iarfine bears (it) (referring to a penalty), Laws iv 242.13 . iarfine co tri feraib dec. Ni beir-ide acht cethramthain … di orbu … 'the íarfine extends to 13 men. It takes only a quarter … of the estate …' CIH ii 430.10 , Ériu li 1 .

See also 1 fine.

-ide

Cite this: eDIL s.v. -ide or dil.ie/27188

 

x see 1 suide.

1 ide

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 ide or dil.ie/27186

 

n a torch, candle: ide .i. cainneal, O'Dav. 1208. i.¤ ondī as aedo, O'Mulc. 707.

Load More Results