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airchomal

Cite this: eDIL s.v. airchomal or dil.ie/1748

 

Forms: aurcomla, urchomhal, orchomhal, -ail

n o, perh. orig. n. n p. aurcomla, Laws ii 118.15 Comm. Later m. urchomhal, orchomhal (g s. and n p. -ail), IGT Decl. § 17 . short spancel espec. for the fore-legs of an animal (opp. to langfetir. See Bidrag 23 ): langp[h]eitir . . . itir cois n-īarthair ┐ cois n-airthir biis. non sic aurc[h]omal .i. aur-accomol .i. itir dā c[h]ois n-airthir biis, Corm. Y 812 . erchomul (gl. lucar, see note), Sg. 126a1 . co m-belgib airgdidib ┐ urchomla credumæ fon-echaib, IT ii2 191.59 . oc sním irchomail fo G. .i. gabar D., SCano 238 . treige n-urcomail, Laws v 482.28 .i. in da id ┐ in leithri, 484.18 Comm. muinci, srīan is erc[h]omal, BColm. 50.4 . go ro maidset a n-idi ┐ a n-erchomail, TBC-LL¹ 3825 . curther fóthu a n-urchomail, 3626 . groidhe . . . gan orchumhall, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 160 x . each urchomhuil, IGT Decl. ex. 764 . each i n-orchomhal gan ḟir, 744 . id airchomail see 1 id. Metaph. tamhan file .i. creat cuain na filedh a n-idhe ┐ a n-urcomla fair, O'D. 1206 (H. 2.15, 82 c.2). urchomhall é fá 'n eangnomh he is a check on exploits (of foreigners), Miscell. Celt. Soc. 348.8 .

barbarda

Cite this: eDIL s.v. barbarda or dil.ie/5396

 

Forms: barbárda, barbárdhu

adj occas. barbárda (based on Lat. barbarus; cf. barbár).

(a) barbarous, foreign; strange : socraiti eachtrand . . . no buidne barbardha, CCath. 5808. gotha allmhardha barbardha, TFrag. 164.x . oc fegad ind idi b.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 580. táchim slúaig barbardai, MU² 515. muna thuige mé brígh an ghotha, biáidh mé [am dhuine] bharbarrgha ag an tí labhrus, 1 Corinth. xiv 11.

(b) violent, vehement, fierce, mettlesome: borb b.¤ bruthmar, TBC-LL¹ 1011. is b.¤ 's is cauratta in tuarascbáil, MU² 614. ris an each mborb mbarbardha, Aithd. D. 81.5 . an peacach bocht barbardha, A. Ó Dálaigh xix 7. Adv. at-raachtatar Ulaid co b.¤ ara n-armaib, MU² 161. ac slaide . . . co dremun ┐ co b.¤ , CRR 47.

As subst. na barbárdhu (= hostes), Lat. Lives 89.10 . cathugud frisna barbárdusa, LL 31040 ( TTr. 221 ). frisan mbarbarrdha, fri Balur the fierce one, Cath MT 1060. na barbardhaigh (viz. Picts and Scots), Keat. ii 6111.

? etraide

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ? etraide or dil.ie/20899
Last Revised: 2013

 

n (? eter + 2 suide The Iron Age in the Irish Sea Province 70 , cf. ZCP xx 487 ) some part of a chariot: batar cadain for clár clíu, | clar ndes gési for suidiu, | ba derg ar carpat uile, | ba lán cend ar n-etruide there were wild geese on the left board, on the right were swans, red was all our chariot, laden with heads was (or were) our...(?) LL 331c23 = ZCP viii 333.16 . BB 153 b 39 (ar etruide). Rawl. 158.3 . ZCP xiv 60.2 (ar n-edra idi ). Cf. étruth?.

fían

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fían or dil.ie/21945
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: fian, féne, ḟéinne, Fianghal, Fianghail, —uil, Fiangaile, Fiangaile, fíangalach, Fiangalaich, fian

n ā, f. By Zimmer ( ZDA 1891, 1 ff .) derived from ON fiandi `enemy' (see RC xii 295 ; 405 ); by D'A. de Jubainville, RC xxviii 249 , and Thurneysen, ZCP xv 262 , connected with the people-name Féni; by Loth, RC xiii 507 , with `fine.' Acc. to Meyer, Fianaig. vi ff . it is from an abstr. meaning ` driving, pursuing, hunting ,' which has in Irish taken a concrete meaning and denotes `a band of warriors on the warpath .' Compare the mediaeval etymologists: fianna a venatione .i. on tseilg dognidis isberthi fianna friu; no fianna .i. finedha, ar is ina finib ┐ ina n-aicmibh nobidis ... no fianna .i. feinnedha rígh Erenn iat, Cóir Anm. 222 . Connected by Wagner, Celtica xi 265 , to fén. The people-name Féni is sometimes liable to be confused with the gen. of fian from which it is not always clearly distinguishable, e.g. airiseom óc féne, LU 5089 . Cf. bearla na feinei `the fians Irish' Eg. Gl. 522 . Archaic n p. féna for Fid, The Patrician Texts in the Book of Armagh 176.1 , Peritia iii 316 .

(a) a band of roving men whose principal occupations were hunting and war, also a troop of professional fighting-men under a leader. In later application esp. the warrior-bands under Finn son of Cumall, who are described as constituting a military caste: is e ropa thaiseach teglaig ┐ ropa cheand deorad ┐ amhus ┐ cech ceithirne ar chena la Cormac Find mac Cumaill, conad friusin atberat in daescarsluag `fianna Find', YBL 325a10 ff . ro hindarbad Finn ... ┐ ro sgaraid na fiano fris. ar ba hiad-sein cetherna ┐ teglach in rig Cormaic. Is de ad-bertaei fíana friu, ar ba siad fen idi ┐ milid in ri īad, Tochm. Ailbe 1 . See Fianaig. ix ff ., Keat. ii p. 324 ff . Traditions of Finn and his fianna are abundant in Irish and Scottish folklore. In Keating's time cromlechs were called by the people leapthacha na Féine `the beds of the Fian'. In Metr. Dinds. iii 280.49 : bátar fo diamair ... ic fiannaib, ic fomurib (of the chief roads of Ireland), and Cog. 114.28 : i folach fo thalmain inā fá dhiamhraibh díchealta ag fianaibh no ag sithcuiraibh, the fíana appear as belonging to a remote past and coupled with semi-mythological beings. Cf. opening pp. of Acall., where Finn's fíana are pictured as giants of other days. fian .i. ceithearn, Stowe Gl. 406 . Lec. Gl. M 114 . cona fein húathmair (of David's followers) SR 6283 . cona féin, cona fairaind [ = foirind], 6356 . nech dabur feind ná dabur foirind, Acall. 5142 . for formnu féne Forainn (of Pharaoh's host) SR 3992 . iugulavit me fian maicc Maicc Con, Ardm. 14a2 ( Thes. ii 267.38 . Trip. 324 ). arna guin do fianaib Maic Con, Corm. Y 883 . Fiachra Fobrecc fein co ngairg `with a fierce band of warriors' Hail Brigit § 13 ( LL 49b45 ). Find cona fein, Corm. Y 1018 (feind, Bodl.). docer la féin Cind tíre; la féin Luagne aided Find, RC xxiii 310 § 29 . fianna Find ... brecctais rinne | ... fianna Fothaid Canainne, ZCP viii 119 § 35 ( Rawl. 88b ). Find mac Cumaill ... in cētFinn ro tinoil fiana ar tús i nErinn, LL 379a38 . eter ḟiannaib fer nAlban, 261b3 . fíanna fer nÉrend ┐ Alban, BDD 144 (of reavers). fianna Eirenn, Acall. 5284 . fianna feochra, TBC-LL¹ 5683 . comérgid ... a fianna; arise, warriors (leader addressing a band of reavers) BDD 141 . mesir fiana iarna ngaluibh estimate warriors by their fighting (or valor) Ériu xiii 41.33 ( O'Dav. 1037 ). as mo thigh ro gab [Oisin] feind ┐ foirind (= took command of a company, became leader of a `fían ') Acall. 2467 . Finn's followers as a military caste are distinguished from the agricultural class, the settled population: doronad crandchar idir in bhFéinn ┐ aes na treabaire cia dhíbh da roised tūs do thabairt an chatha dona hallmharchaib, Acall. 1290 (`between the Fianna and the settled [i.e. non-nomadic] folk lots were cast' SG ii 132 ). Buanand mumi na fian ... i. daghmathair ac foircetal gaiscid do fianuib, Corm. Y 104 . fiana bātar i nEmain, | ir-Rāith Chruachan, i Temair, RC xxiii 304 § 1 (beginning an account of the deaths of famous champions). Temair Berg, baile na fían, Ériu iv 92.2 . se fichet findscél na fiann, LL 145a49 . for ḟíana rochalma ḟer nÉorpa, TTr.² 1691 . fiana ferrdha ... Franc, CCath. 5363 . d'ḟianaibh Fódla, d'amhsain Ile, TD 16.55 . fian Ghréagach `the soldiery of Greece' (i.e. the Fitzgeralds) 17.10 . see fénnid and fíanas. Here possibly belongs óc féne one of a roving band, a `fian'-warrior (?): g p. airiseom óc féne a resting place of fian-warriors LU 5089 . n p. inn óic ḟéinne , TBC-LL¹ 4950 .

(b) in wider sense a company, number of persons: rioghraid Laighen ... f.¤ mholuim, LL 394.1 . deich mic oile anba an ḟian ib. 4 . rī tarcai cech fēin, SR 7163 . fian sceith (sciath v.l.) shield-bearers (?) Ériu vi 135.45 . foḟuair féin fessaig findgil | im Chessair ingin Betha, LL 5b5 . Of pieces in a game, chessmen: imat fian fidhcelda, Anecd. ii 58.13 (cf. fíanchlár below). mar ḟéin na mbranán TD ii 199.1 .

(c) a warrior (late and rare): righḟeinnidh, f.¤ `a General ' Kirk = Eg. Gl. 523 . sir Sémus ... an fiann, O'Gr. Cat. (1700) 584.28 .

In BColm. 94.8 : a fían a saert[h]a ar cach cath; Plummer suggests reading fiach = in payment of their exemption from military service, making the preceding sent. (ar is ... ann) parenthetical.

Compds. ¤bla: fri f. fechta ` warrior-shout of fighting' (? field of fight) Leb. Gab.(i) i 68 = fri fianna fecta, LL 6a6 = re fiannaib fearta, BB 24b46 . ¤both a hunting-bothy . a hut of branches or similar construction in a forest or wild spot, an improvised shelter: fogeib in fianboith ┐ in mac ina codlad innti, RC v 199.3 . rosfuc leis dochum na fianboithi, ib. 13 . d'iarraid ḟianbothe, RC vii 296.96 ( LL 206b49 ). dognitis fianbotha folachta foslongpuirt acci i ndairib, Cog. 60.10 . i ffianboith folachtae i ccuas cairrgi, AFM v 1794.1 . tógaibh fian-bhoith fíréandachta do chumhdach do choguais, TSh. 2304 . Cf. ro ghabhsat longport fairsing fianbhothaigh an encampment of huts (?) AFM vi 2168.11 . See 2 fulacht. ¤chara a comrade in arms; `a mutual friend, one who protects and is protected' O'Don. Suppl. , from Eg. 88 f. 54d ( O'Curry 2639 ) : dot fiancarait .i. fear snāidhes ┐ sṅāidithar fear aile i n adhaigh [ = ina aghaidh ?] ┐ amail carait claochmoig iat ó dénait comairce a céile (cf. compact between Cú Chulainn and Conall Cernach : ciped chia dib nomarbtha ar tús a digail dia cheiliu, LL 122a8 ). nimrumart-sa mo f. Cú Chulainn, LL 125b10 ( Ériu v 210.60 , where the speaker is a woman). ¤chlár a board for (chess-)men: mó a clārḟiacail ... anda f. fidchille, LL 210a56 ( Metr. Dinds. iv 138 ). ¤chluiche (para)military game ( Celtica viii 151 ): In Laws v 150.11 ff . a distinction is made between `fian-chluichi' and `ruidles-chluichi,' the latter being apparently games proper for children. nocha uil ruidhles cluithi do codhnacha ┐ nochan uil col cluithi do macaib bega. Ruidhles cluithi na mac mbec is fiancluithi do codhnacha ┐ f. c. na mac mbec is col cluithi do codhnacha, Eg. 88 f. 28c ( O'Curry 2368 ). slán d'fir in eich na huile neiche ... acht a riagail re fiancluichi in codnaig uil uirre, Laws iii 182.1 (on injuries caused by a steed). fiach fianchluichi a fine for f.c. 192 20 Comm . (referring to a dog-fight) ; 250.27 ; 252.4 (ref. to boating mishaps, where it is transld. `foul-play'). ¤choscur hunting-slaughter, killing game: a foraim, a fomsigi, a fíanchoscur (accomplishments of Cú Chulainn) LU 4847 . 8453 ( FB 30 ). tairnic leo a bhfiadach ┐ a bhfianchoscar do dhénam, Acall. 187 . selg ┐ ḟíanchosgur, Fianaig. 54.26 . ac seilg ┐ ac fianchoṡcur 56.24 . ag fiadach ┐ ag fianchosgur, ZCP vi 38.13 . comus ḟiadaig ┐ ḟiannchoscair Fiann Eirenn, Acall 5281 . ¤deisel ? fochloch f. (text doubtful) ZCP v 499 § 7 . ¤ēirghe rising of warriors to battle ; a raid: Anecd. ii 73.12 . ¤erred warlike accoutrements: LU 6384 = TBC-LL¹ 2525 . ¤flescach a hunting booth of osiers: na fianḟlescaig fo thuga `the roofed hunting-booths of osier' Metr. Dinds. iii 112.31 (= tech, Dinds. 29 ). ¤gaisced 'fian'-valor: a[c] congbail in ḟiangaiscid, Acall. 5208 . ¤gal : (as pred.) f. Find Find brave as warrior-bands Ält. Ir. Dicht. ii 20.5 . As npr. m. Fianghal, Caithr. CC § 33 , § 41 ; g s. Fianghail, —uil, § 85 . Cf. nom. Fiangaile, Rawl. 160b40 . Fiangaile gen. 160b32 . ¤galach valiant: g p. m. fer ngablach fíangalach , BDD 32 . As npr. m. AU 737 . 754 . 799 . AFM 732 . 750 . gen. Fiangalaich, Rawl. 144c14 , 150a19 . ¤glas `fian'-bolt, a pole, pike or spear (?) : tucait fianglasa ┐ airechra ochta ... risin luingsin ica cur ó chrích ... na Greci, LL 219b28 ( TTr. 188 ). acc srainedh araill da naimtib uad ... do sonnaib ┐ d'fianglassaib sithremra cona n-irellaib iairn imma cennaib, CCath. 3591 . foscerditís d'a ḟianglasaib isna tendtib flung (the serpents) from their pike-staffs (?) Alex. 714 . ¤rí (?) : Ält. Ir. Dichtg. 28.10 . ¤sruth `f.¤ -stream', fian-lore (`Fiannica', Stern, ZCP i 471 ) : fianṡruth Find, Metr. Dinds. iii 20.1 = fianruth, LL 216a19 . See ZCP i 471 . fiandsroth fian Find u Baiscne, YBL 119a36 = fianruth fiand [sic] in so, 325a0 marg. (prefixed to a list of Finn's captains).

fo-ruimi, -fuirmi

Cite this: eDIL s.v. fo-ruimi, -fuirmi or dil.ie/24043
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: for-r(uim)-, fo-fuirm-, fo-d-ruim, forruimi, forruibi, forrumai, -fuirmi, fosrumet, fosraemet, forroma, forruma, -fuirmema, fuireama, fuirmeba, -furmud, furruimtis, -forurmius, fomruirmius, for-uirim, forfurim, forḟuirim, forruim, forruib, -forroim, forrumai, forromair, foruirmiset, -furimar, -fuirmider, forrumither, forruimther, -fuirmithe, foruirmed, forfuirmedh, forumad, -forromadh, -forrumtha, rofurmethe, fuirmithe, fuirmiud, f.

possibly more than one verb is represented in the following citations ; some forms suggest for-r(uim)- but cf. Ériu xxxv 201 ; some are assigned by Pedersen Vgl. Gr. (ii 463 ) to for-ben. (In later MSS f is sometimes repeated in deuterotonic forms : fo-fuirm-). Ipv. 2 s. fo-d-ruim, Fianaig. 12 § 23 . pres. 3 s. forruimi, Corm. Bodl. s.v. pattu (= forruim, Corm. Y 1045 ; forruibi, Thr. Ir. Gl. 35 ). forrumai (fosrumai ?) LU 5320 . -fuirmi, Wb. 8c1 . pl. fosrumet, BDD 13 D = fosraemet Y. pres. subj. 3 s. forroma, ZCP iv 39.13 = forruma, LL 250a10 ( TBFr. § 15 ). Cf. -fuirmema, Laws v 96.28 Comm. (< B 346az = Y 202b47 ; fuireama, in the corresp. text Laws ii 348.26 Comm. is a misreading of the MS., H 3.17, c. 451z , which O'D. 597 gives as fuirmeba, but the last two letters are doubtful). past subj. 3 s. cf. -furmud, RC xi 448.78 . 3 pl. furruimtis, Thes. ii 242.5 ( Ardm. 18b1 ). pret. and perf. 1 s. -forurmius, LU 9381 . fomruirmius, Fél. Ep. 38 . 3 s. for-uirim, Ml. 2a6 . forfurim, Ériu ii 132 § 106 . forḟuirim, Alex. 262 . forruim, Thes. ii 242.8 ( Ardm. 18b1 ). forruib, Hy ii 8 . cf. -forroim, LU 5679 ( Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 463 gives this and forrumai to for-ben). With depon. ending : forromair, TBC-LL¹ 3315 . 3 pl. foruirmiset, Rawl. 142a21 . LU 6670 . Pass. pres. s. -furimar, Ériu ii 116 § 45 . pres. subj. s. ? -fuirmider, Rawl. 125b29 . cf. mad ... forrumither , Corm. Bodl. s.v. nescoit = forruimther Y. past subj. s. -fuirmithe, Corm. Y 1059 . Bodl. pret. and perf. s. foruirmed, Ml. 74c20 . forfuirmedh, Fianaig. 14 § 35 . forumad, Lism. L. p. 328.25 . -forromadh ZCP iii 459.2 . pl. -forrumtha, Ériu ii 110 § 30 . rofurmethe, BColm. 32.4 .

Part. fuirmithe. Vn. fuirmiud.

(a) sets, places, of local relations: in tan foruirim obell ... fair, Ml. 2a6 . arimbad and furruimtis a n-eclis that there they should put [i.e. build] their church Thes. ii 242.5 . immalle doaurcbad doib a cossa ┐ fosruimet lift ... set down TBC-I¹ 3312 . is tō didiu forruimi in phattu a chossa `silently does the hare put its foot down' Corm. Bodl. s.v. pattu (= Corm. Y 1045 ). furmid ... a rigthi tharis (of wrestling) TBC-LL¹ 1308 (here treated as simple vb.). forruimther a cend forsin chloich, LL 122b24 . gaibidsi a da cois co ro ḟurim a cend fon usci, 279b43 ( SG 414 ). ro fuirmed hé isin Sábraind, MacCongl. 19.10 . foruirmitís ... a tengtha dar slesa a cloideb used to lick their swordblades Alex. 660 = ro ruirmitis, BB 494a38 . forrurim a láim eter di fertais in carpait co mmebaid in carpat , LU 5065 (here the meaning `thrust' seems implied, cf. fuirmiud, d). as fora mhuinel ro fuirimh C. a lāmh AFM i 182.4 . foruirmiset ... a mind ríg for Tamun, LU 6670 . forruim imbe in cassal, Ériu ii 204 § 22 . cladair fert fuirmigter lia, 23 P 3, 22a ( O'Curry 1886 ). is i Temair. ... fo ruirmed [in chloch], ZCP xx 219.15 ( xiii 372 ) = Temair ... i forromadh, iii 459.2 . co foromad in cúach ar bélaib Cholmáin, Ériu i 46.6 . ardnem ... fora forramad cuairt ind rīchid on which ... has been set ii 110 § 28 . airm i forrumtha na noī tuirid ib. § 30 . Of planting a blow, etc. (Cf. forruim .i. ro gon, LU 457 ). ... in baill isin duiniu hi fuirmither in crēcht ... mad ind agaid ... forrumither, Corm. Bodl. s.v. nescoit ( Corm. Y 975 ). sochaide forḟuirim a buille hi ceand araile, Alex. 262 . ro fuirmeastar beim ... ar in coin, TTebe 605 . Cf. formis [fornis, fuirmis v.l.] ... béim ... do cloidhemh dó, CCath. 2063 .

Impers. constr.: do fuirim snechta foraib snow fell on them LL 287b35 (cf. ro fer snechta, in same text 287a3 ).

(b) of fig. and abstract relations confers, imposes, inflicts , with FOR of pers. or thing affected (similar in use to do-beir): huare ... foruirmed cenn forsnaib cotarsnaib ... (= have reached their climax) Ml. 74c20 . ni fuirmi nech dimiccim foir som, Wb. 8c1 . for nech ni furme dimes thou shalt not treat anyone with contempt Ériu ii 228.1 . resíu forruma bine fornn, TBFr. § 15 . día ro fuirmed recht Adomnáin for Góedelaib, LU 2257 ( FA 32 ). oc B. forurmed a forus sae for feraib H. `was enjoined on' Cáin Ad. 28 . ro furmethe grada forru-sum, BColm. 32.4 . mor do dhelbhuibh ... forruirmeth for sil nAdhaimh, Ériu ii 132 § 105 . is for in Fiachaich se foruirmiset ... in fingail committed Rawl. 142a21 (= ro fuirmiset, ZCP viii 317 ). fuirimh ... briathar ... ar Choisimnach lay a curse on C. BNnÉ 314 § 8 (cf. fuirmedh .i. abradh, O'Dav. 835 ). do fuirmedh támh forra plague came upon them AFM i 58 . in ní forsna fuirmither aigi that [loan] for which no term is fixed Laws iii 492.20 (cf. fuirmither .i. fīraemthar, O'Dav. 853 . foruimter tuinide la cétchor, 824 ). Of exchange (?): fuirimh sin samhaisg ar dhéin, Ériu xiii 25.19 = IT iii 50 (gl. tabair, O'Dav. 849 . Perh. f. here = lay down, i.e., impose, enact ). With omission of pers. affected: da fuirmett faill `if they practise deceit' [neglect ?] Fen. 148.7 . tar ēsse na hālgese forfuirmis the boon thou hast requested (forruirmis v.l.) ZCP ix 449 § 2 .

? Absol. : ó dorochair Duach ... ro fuirmiset for Eochaid Fer fuirmid .i. mac Duach .i. fer forrofuirmed, ZCP viii 303.11 (= ro firmiset Ernai ... for ..., Rawl. 147a32 ; LL 319a42 ; ro fuirimset ... for E. `abased E.' Cóir Anm. 31 . Cf. fer fora ndernadh fuirmheth .i. a lagadh ┐ a laighdugud ┐ a aimnertugud co mor ib. cf. c below). nachas fuirmeda damsa may [the combat] not be imposed on me (?) TBC-LL¹ p. 301 n. 5 . lōg enech in grāid a fuireama, Laws ii 348.26 = v 96. 28 may belong to this. Cf. go sechtmhadh fodhail fuirmither, Ériu xiii 30.27 . ... cach ferainn fuirmhither uadh tre fīrécin nō foruimenn nech ar écin, O'Curry 429 (< H 3.18, 233a ). Cf. fine ar a ḟuirmim (= fuirbim, BB 269a25 ) `on his march' as if = foraim) Leb. Cert. 38 .

(c) lays prostrate, overthrows: in Rí dorósat a chrí | ro fuirim a frithisi has brought it low Metr. Dinds. iv 242.20 (ra urim v.l.). co foraim trí coícta troch ib. 39 . co foraim bága in bile, 244.52 (furim; foraib v.l.). ? sund ro báidit ... echrad E. ... báeth in fíad rosforaim and, 182.7 . Cf. inmain uatni óir | ra ḟurmius ar áth (Cú Chulainn lamenting the death of Fer diad) TBC-LL¹ 4179 = forfuirmedh for áth TBC-I¹ 2729 .

(d) in refl. and middle constr. betakes oneself, goes (= Lat. se confert); in this sense the historic pres. is commonly used instead of pret.: fotruim [fodruim, MS.] dot daim `betake thee to thy house' Fianaig. 12 § 23 . fusrumat a n-éin [ = ind euin, 23 N 10, 62 ] remib dia ndaim tar Sliab F., LU 10567 ( IT i 136.10 ; tiaguit, Eg.). farruma do Emain TBC-I¹ 2984 . forrumai do Teumraig, ZCP iii 252 § 72 = faruim, RC xi 448.88 . farruma dano C. la cách dond oenuch LL 125bx . farumai ... co ránic Temraig, Ériu vi 149 . farrumaí immach cucu, LU 7892 ( BDD 148 ). forumai O. for a hiarair, Cymmr. xiv 104 ( Rawl. 131b25 ). fosraemet [fosrumet; tiagait v.l.] ind eoin forsin tuind, BDD 13 . farrumae Concobar ar cind Fergusa, TBC-I¹ 3579 . forrumai [ fosrumaei, TBC-I¹ 843 ] Allechtu ... co mboí forsin chorthi A. goes and perches on the pillar LU 5320 ( ZCP x 208 ). forrumaidi ... co mbui for feinnithecht, RC vi 174 v.l. 17 (-idi is prob. anaph. pron.). Cf. ro lingestar lēim ... conadh ann ro fuirmistar ar glan-aiglind scēith in churad alighted MR 234.3 = ro uirmesdair, LL 410a2 (see airmaisid). forrumai nonbor díib thoromsa ┐ Conchobar, LU 4886 . conid forruim isind tulaigh, RC x 74 n. 1 (= co ro tairis, 72z ). condfurruimset ib. n. 16 (= condaturnsad, text.

Cf. farumai co Sencha dus cia dogenad he betook himself to S. to see what he should do (?) H 3.18, 367a37 ( O'Curry 785 ); `referred it' (of a decision) Plummer, MS. notes.

1 id

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 id or dil.ie/27166

 

Forms: idh, id, id, id, edha, eda, idi, hidi, ige, hidhe, idai, n-idi, idhe, hidhe, idheadh, n-egh, n-edh, id, idh

n i, m. , later f. (see Bidrag 45.10 ) n s. in idh , O'Curry 518 (< H 3.18, p. 261a ). id iarnaidi, TBC-LL¹ 1229. int id , TBC-I¹ 262. ind id , 259 . g s. edha, Laws v 188 n. 3 . inn eda , TBC-LL¹ 565. ind idi (St. na hidi ), TBC-LL¹ 580. ige, KMMisc. 168 § 8. na hidhe , Keat. ii 3660. n p. ? na idai , ZCP viii 103.y . a n-idi , TBC-LL¹ 3825. idhe, IGT Decl. ex. 1295. a p. na hidhe , RC xix 272 § 195. g p. idheadh, DDána 106 § 36. go n-ilmhét n-egh , Rel. Celt. ii 232.11 . na n-edh , 226.3 . n du. in da id , Laws v 484.18 Comm. See idh, IGT Decl. § 14.8 .

(a) a hoop-shaped object, a withe (bound around some object): tópacht ... cétbunni darach ... ┐ doringni i.¤ de ... ┐ tuc in n-i.¤ im chael in chorthe, TBC-LL¹ 563 - 5 . cid frisifarcbad int i.¤ , TBC-I¹ 262. in n-ogum bōi isinn ith, 252 . gabsat oc fegad ind idi barbarda, TBC-LL¹ 580. in da i.¤ ┐ in leithri `the two withes,' Laws v 484.18 Comm. (gl.: bir-crand treige n-urcomail, 482.28 ). Of the withe put round an anvil when distraining on a smith: darin n-i.¤ im indeoin, O'Curry 518 (< H 3.18, p. 261a ), cf. gat im indeoin, Laws ii 118.22 Comm. idh lúptha um cengal céchta, IGT Decl. ex. 959.

(b) a fetter, a chain, a spancel: an idh im cois in crochaire, Laws v 188.23 Comm. um dunta edha im cois in cimeda, ib. n. 3 . risin i.¤ luim, risin slabrad, i 106.20 Comm. firend .i. id bis im c[h]olpa niad, Corm. Y 586. i.¤ iarnaidi na thimchiull ┐ i.¤ niachais éside, TBC-LL¹ 1229. slabrad imo braigid ┐ i.¤ tre na slabraidi tria coirthi toll, BB 134b41 . i slabhradh nó i n-idh iaruinn, TD 9 § 24. gan bheith san idh ní háil liom `my wish is to be in bonds,' Dán Dé ix 2. idh geimhle cháigh do choimhdhe `the chain of the world's salvation,' Aithd. D. 64 § 32. idh cháol chimidh, IGT Decl. ex. 1330. na hidhe iaruinn dobhí asan droichid `the chains of iron,' RC xix 272 § 195. idh do cheir fa eitibh eóin, Rel. Celt. ii 228.32 . Of horses: ro maidset a n-idi ┐ a n-erchomail (here id by itself seems=id fata, see below), TBC-LL¹ 3825. ? i.¤ ara ḟastas cech ech | a ellma as dech do cech rath, Ériu ix 47 § 18. ? cuma leis [in] eich na idai immbi [┐ in] c[h]onair forsa tēit (? sic leg.), ZCP viii 103.y .

id erchomail a spancel, a shackle between the forefeet: atnaig F. id n-erchomail tria a di pherid, LU 5697. asso ... i[n]d i.¤ n-irchomail duit i nduais t'airchetail, Anecd. i 8.14 . idh urchumail gl. trica, Ir. Gl. 279. i.¤ ercomail. quia eq[u]us in eo it .i. imthét, O'Mulc. 702. buiseom oc snim irchomail fo Grip .i. gabar Diarmada. Beir lat indn idh sea, Anecd. i 8.13 .

id fata the long spancel (i.e. hindfoot to forefoot) (Plummer MS. notes): i.¤ [ḟ]ata (sic leg.) (v.l. idh fata) aurslaicthi a ech, TBC-LL¹ 2539.

(c) a collar: a n-aimsir Ḟearadhaigh robói an idh Mhorainn, Cóir Anm. § 107. cosmhail barr a ghlaice gile | ré tarr slaite ige úaid `the thick part of the hoop of a torque (?),' KMMisc. 168 § 8. ar dhealgain a ghúalann gile | deargaidh búabhall idhe (v.l. ighe) óir a golden trumpet-shaped torque, IGT Decl. ex. 306. an iodh Morainn; agus do ba do bhuadhaibh na hidhe-se cibé do chuirfeadh fá na bhrághaid í ..., Keat. ii 3659 - 60 . ? To this: focheirded i.¤ n-óir immi, Metr. Dinds. iii 104.22 .

(d) a ring: do lámh gan idh órdaighthe | is céad fáinne fád bhráighid, Dánta Gr. 13.15 . iodh óir ... an tan do bhiadh a mhac chomh arrachta is go líonfadh a mhéar an iodh, Keat. ii 3382.

ringlet, curl: ciabh ... go n-ilmhét n-egh, Rel. Celt. ii 232.11 . folt i n-a óir-idhibh air, DDána 67 § 27. ar gach n-iodh d'idhibh a chúil, Studies 1941, 125 § 36 .

? To this: idh .i. foilghi no cumdach, Ériu xiii 80 § 277.

ithe

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ithe or dil.ie/29158

 

Forms: ith

n , f. vn. of ithid. Somet. shows dental endings in Mod. Ir., see ith, IGT Decl. § 3.6 .

(a) eating, the act of eating, devouring: comithi gl. commensationes, Wb. 20b21 . son inchoissised longud ł. ithi, Ml. 56a13 . air ni foircnea in fini hi.¤ neich di anuas `the eating of anything of it from above,' 102a15 . huan ídi gl. edulio, 124c8 . in nephithi gl. inediam, 127c18 . i.¤ a verbo edo .i. domeilim, Corm. Y 774. coin dot i.¤ ind `dogs shall devour thee for this,' Fél.² cvi 35. ni caemnacair biad do i.¤ , ScM. R § 3 . lin a hi.¤ a number large enough to eat it (of the paschal lamb), SR 3910. fearunn do cennach dia ar, no d'ithi a feoir (i.e. for ploughing or grazing), Laws ii 358.25 Comm. dia ndenaid gait, no gat d'ithedh, Laws i 56. 10 Comm. ar dith a éan, ar n-a n-ithedh do'n phréachán, Celt. Rev. x 143.9 . dobheir da n-echaib iat re n-ighti, Stair Erc. 2315. gurab falláin do'n duine `amigdolum' re . n-a ithidh, Eochairsg. 100.2 . do bhi toirmeasgtha orra an iodhbairt ... do eitheadh, Luc. Fid. 246.12 . lochaidh ag i.¤ na ngort uile, AFM ii 988.16 . do shuigh an pobal síos do chum i.¤ agus ibhthe, 1 Corinth. x 7. ? To this: a gheoidh iarna ghabail ... a ithí ímil edaigh thou that gnawest the edge of clothing ? (in a series of abusive phrases), IT iii 103 § 193. Meyer, Bruchst. i 28 § 63 reads: a ithe i mīl ētaig `der du (? leg. du der) dich von Kleiderlaüsen nährst.'

(b) a gnawing pain: ar tsergaib, ar ithib, ZCP x 346 § 10. cordis morsum i.¤ croidhe, 23 K 42, 45.17 . re heasbhadh codalta ┐ re hi.¤ bhéil an ghaile, 149.20 .

leithriu

Cite this: eDIL s.v. leithriu or dil.ie/29854
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: laithriu, léithre

n (? -é-) Usually infl. as n-stem. Also laithriu. Cf. CCath. Gloss. s.v. lathri. léithre f. (g s. -end, -ende), IGT Decl. § 145 .

(a) Part of a harp or `timpán' to which the strings were attached: céis . . . ainm do tharraing ar a mbí ind léithriu, Lib. Hymn. i 170.265 (ACC Comm.), cf. is i in chéis isin chruit aní choṅgbas in leithrind cona tétaib intí, RC xx 166.1 (ACC Comm.). timpan becc . . . cona leithrind airgit ┐ cona deilgib óir, Acall. 5552 . 5610 . mo thimpán . . . / . . . / atá i mbun a leitrinne / airfided ban in domain, SG 248.38 .

(b) Part of a sling (táball): ro coirighsit a coirrmera . . . i llathrib a taball, CCath. 5551 . no n-imnaisc mo chend feib imnaiscther lathranna staible, LL 12899.

(c) Part of a horse's fetter or spancel: treige [n-urcomail] .i. in da id ┐ in leithri `the two withes and the side-line', Laws v 484.18 Comm . go ro maidset a n-idi ┐ a n-erchomail, a llomna ┐ a llethrenna `Halftern(?)', TBC-LL¹ 3825 . sé heich luatha cona láithrib `trappings', Leb. Cert.² 1547 ( laithrib, Leb. Cert. 206.1 ). leithrinn .i. urchall, no glacháin (leg. glacáin), O'Cl. Perh. also in: at imda a ithlanda / . . . / ad lana a letrenda, IT iii 92 § 138 ; (but see leithrind, ? léithrind). See also fidletrenda, s.v. fid. dā lú is lethrend (.i. lethchos) dībh co losc, ZCP v 484 § 6 (B. na f.). As n. pr. m. Léthrend echaire Ailella, LU 6118 (TBC). Cf. leithrigid.

loman

Cite this: eDIL s.v. loman or dil.ie/30595
Last Revised: 2013

 

n ā, f.

(a) cord, rope, thong, string : l.¤ .i. luamain bís fuirri no luman .i. beg in manu , Corm. Tr. 104 . lomna .i. téd. do cheangladar na lommadha (sic) .i. na téda. O'Cl. scena búana aíne, lomna, tál (among the proper equipment of a mrugḟer), Críth G. 178 . biail, l.¤, fidba, strathar, nasc (a list of items in ogam tírda `agricultural Ogham'), Auraic. 5725 . l.¤ aecorse gl. spiras funium, Thes. ii 235.9 . sainchenelae srogill imbí .xl. l.¤ `forty thongs', Wb. 17d3 . minus una .i. lora .i. tesarbae oínl.¤ `one cord was wanting from it', 2 . aiteog .i. in l.¤ bís imbe, Laws i 152.25 Comm . im lomain tige gniad, 124.15 : .i. l.¤ carr ┐ beart `the rope for tying carts and loads', 140.3 Comm . (but Plummer MS. notes suggests reading lomancar, q.v.). an lín l.¤ fil for brot na bachla, BColm. 92.33 . do lomnaib ┐ do rothaib in carbaid, ZCP viii 538.4 . a n-uaimm . . . do lomnaib cruadi ┐ do shnath ciartha thongs, LB 156b59 . lomna áraig spancelling ropes or thongs, SG 385.36 . ni duí for lomma cach thanic and a spancelled fool, LL 11909 (for lomain, for loma, v.ll., TBC-LL¹ p. 757 n.7 ).

do-beir (or ad-aig) lomain for (imm) ties up: dadascara a nōnbur ┐ dobeir lomain forru, ZCP xiii 176.16 . dobeirside lomain imme ┐ no mbeir fora muin, LL 14341 . ataig lomain forra, ACL iii 326.18 .

(b) leash: a milchú ar a mórlomain, Ériu iv 100 § 33. cú cen cuibrech no cen lomain, O'Curry 18 ( H 3.18, 8a ). sgaoiltear dhúinn gadhair mhic Mhórna / . . . / as béal na lomhán (sic) re fánaidh out of the leashes(?), Oss. iv 20.24 . Attrib. gen. cú lomna dog on the leash or tied up: athcuma do con lomnai, Laws i 232.4 . cu lomna linges for fer, O'D. 2201 ( H 3.17, 140a ). dochumlái ass . . . tríb nōnbaraib . . . , ┐ cú lomna leū, ZCP iv 44.x .

(c) bridle, halter : go ro maidset a n-idi ┐ a n-erchomail a llomna ┐ a llethrenna (of horses), LL 10777 ( TBC-LL¹ 3825 ). óigeich .i. lomhna connaigh (leg. conāigh ?) gl. gaillialla rich, splendid bridles(?), Ériu ii 4 n.66 . is mairg thescas a lomna, LL 120 marg.

Compd. ¤glas grey-threaded : araoít letta lomonghlas impe 'a worn grey mantle around her' ZCP xxxvi 71 . ? ¤tarraing dragged by cords(?): gallgruitni iarna lomantarraing tré crúaidbeól senballáin `after they had been strained', Hib. Min. 66 § 9.

stíall

Cite this: eDIL s.v. stíall or dil.ie/38930

 

Forms: stéill

n ā, f. (see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 199 ). Note also n. pl. tri stéill , LU 8731 , TBFr. 74 . strip, panel, slat, zone, border (consisting of cloth, wood, metal, etc.).

(a) Of clothes, etc.: sdīall .i. is dī īall idi .i. dī lēinid. Uel quasi stiad .i. is dī īadtar in muinchille, Corm. Y 1182 . ? `stiall' fúathróg ro fionnadh, Metr. Gl. 15 § 35 . stēlla dubglasso impu ┐ bruit līn dark grey bands (?) (of crotbuilg harp-bags), ZCP iv 36.4 = sella, TBFr. 103 .

(b) Of the structure of houses, furniture, etc.: sdiall .i. clár, go sdiallaibh airgid .i. go gcláraibh, O'Cl. tri stéill chréduma i taulaich in taige three bronze slats, LU 8731 ( FB 55 ). trí stéill chrédumai i n-aulaith cecha imda, secht stíalla umai ón damdabaich co cléithe issin tig, TBFr. 74 (`rods', Études Celt. ii 3 § 7 ). imduí Conchobair i n-airenuch in tigi co stiallaib airgit . . . cona steill airgit uasind ríg . . . inum (sic leg.) no búaled Concobar co fleisc rígda in steill contoítis Ulaid uli fris, LU 10124 ff . sdiall airgid aenghil a timchell na corudh sin `a border' (of an enclosed weir), BCC 386.28 .

(c) Common in phr. s.¤ ar chopur, apparently some kind of panelling or wainscoting used in the construction of houses: stiall ar capar d'airged `a wainscot of silver', RC xxvi 136 § 10 = ix 18 § 15 . stiall ar chapur d'argad glang[lu]air, Snedg. u. Mac R 9 § 10 . stiall ar capar do deircibar cach teach, Anecd. i 1.5 . stiall ar chopur do derggibur a teg ┐ na imdada `a wainscot of red yew', Ériu iv 30 § 21 . tuilg umpa d'iobhar .i. sdiall ar chapur, TFrag. 8.10 . s.¤ ar chapur hé íar n-íchtur ┐ tugi slinded íar n-úachtur (a house), LU 10122 .

Ref. perh. to land, territory in: treb Zabuloin na stiall ng[l]an, LB 124a51 = treabh Stabulon na stiall nglan (`of the bright girdles'), Keat. iii 2035 (cf. the compd. ¤phortach infra and Joshua xix 10 ff . ). Perh. torn strip in: do ní strócach ┐ stialla dhíobh, ITS xxiv 74.4 (or leg. stiallad?). Cf. stíall, strócadh `rent', Eg. Gl. 544a (cf. stíallaid).

Note also: cro a ssdiallaib, Laws i 152.26 Comm . , etymol. gloss on: im criol, 150.9 .

Compds. ? ¤acra: stiallacra cach ropach ferge dogniat carait, O'Curry 228 ( H 3.18, 124 ). ¤bán having white strips (ref. to clothes?): tri meic Beóain meic Stairn stialbain, LL 7b18 ( Leb. Gab.(i) 90.18 ). ¤chleth panel, stave (?): ceand esgrach na naballgort | adbha dona hiathbheachaibh | muine lucair ara lar | ata sdabh do sdiallcleathaib, IT iii 89 § 113 . ? ¤chúis: eachtrannaigh eatortha le stiallchúis (sic MSS.) áir, Hackett xvii 3 (Ed. prints stiallchas = stiallachas tearing, rending). ¤phortach possessing land in strips (? cf. LB 124a51 supra): in tres crand . . . la treb sdialportaig Zabulon, BB 244b37 = la treib Zabuloin, YBL 295a25 .