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ainidan

Cite this: eDIL s.v. ainidan or dil.ie/1395

 

adj (idan) impure: anidan .i. an-idan .i. an fo dīultad, idan immorro .i. idon ab eo quod est idoneus .i. tairisi, Corm. Y 78 . escoman .i. anidhan, O'Dav. 462 . cith anidan ind cách is idan sancto `though all (who bring it) be impure it is pure for him who is holy', Mon. Tall. 160.1 . ro indarb P. . . . an treide so (i.e. Teinm Laega, etc.) onaib filedaib . . . uair rob anidan, Laws i 44.14 Comm. ainidun cech necubus ii 2.5 . anidan gach nanfoltach cidh mórda, O'D. 553 (H. 3.17, 437) `wanting full legal status', Plummer MS. notes.

As subst. ainced idnu cuimriged essidnu (ainidnu v.l), Tec. Corm. § 2.16 . go nemhdhidion gach ainiodhain, Ériu xiii 18.3 . dligid anidhan urchailedh, Anecd. iii 14.20 .

dingbáil

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dingbáil or dil.ie/16621

 

Forms: dingbál, dingbāla, dingbála, dingbala, dingbhail, digbhail

vn. of do-ingaib. Orig. dingbál, ā, f. IGT Decl. § 148 , Verbs § 68 .

I Act of taking away, removing: dingbail cach cro otrais removal of every wounded person entitled to nursing, Ériu xii 8 § 6 (see note p. 57). as-boinn a dingbail `demands that he be removed', 16 § 18 . athgabail huither do dingbail iar ndifoilgid, Laws i 226.z . im dingbail mic baitsige, 184.16 .

Warding off, repelling, keeping aloof , with obj. gen.: im dingbail tascuir lir, Laws i 122.15 (with gl.: .i. . . . are in puirt nā thora tascur don lir, p. 128). im d.¤ aurcuilte a reir lega keeping away (from a sick man) things forbidden by the physician, ib. l. 18 . im d.¤ mic di mir keeping a child away from a madwoman, l. 21 . re catha im d.¤ cīsa dia tuaith, v 300.24 . siche raet docuiredar hi tracht maru . . . dlegar . . . a d.¤ din purt, i 128.22 . im d.¤ faithe, i 124.1 (with gl.: im d.¤ na n-indili as an faithce, 132.13 ). co n-athchur ┐ innurba ┐ dingbail, ZCP xiv 378 § 41 ( Laws ii 300 ). dingbail for curu bél ` evading ', Laws iii 390.16 .

In gener. of keeping off (an enemy, attack, calamity, etc.): is d.¤ truim don slog averting trouble from the host, TBC-I¹ 1490 . raptar biattaig fir hErend uile d'Fhirdiad ar dingbhail Conculaind dib, TBC-LL¹ 3646 . co tardad fortacht dóib im d.¤ díb na gressi rolad forro, RC viii 50.14 . ic d.¤ mebla dím-sa, LL 223b45 ( TTr. 486 ). cuich . . . bad ferr letsu do d.¤ dit?, Cog. 172.18 . ríg mar D. do d.¤ to resist a king like D., MR 202.19 . tar do d.¤ dochraite dinn, SG 320.33 . With ellipse of gen.: ni furail linn . . . do dingmhail d'fhianaibh Eirenn to ward off (attacks) from the Fianna, CF 325 .

Used of an enemy, passes into sense of holding one's own against, and hence by degrees to that of being a match for, an equal to: dáig na tic de laég a chomáisi do d.¤ he is not able to withstand a calf of his own age, TBC-LL¹ 6161 . ní rabi 'sin domun . . . óenfher da tísad d.¤ Achil, LL 244a28 ( TTr. 2038 ). a dingbail i comland chruaid | ni raibe i mBanba bratruaid there was not his match, YBL 318a26 . roboi d.¤ deigfhir indum in la sin I was a match for a brave man, Acall. 4780 . is iad so mogha (= modha) Fergusa . . . .i. diongbail shecht céd cathmhiledh a gcró catha ann, Ériu viii 136.16 . Note further: ni maith na airm-se . . . ni thic mo diṅgbail-se di shodain they are not capable of holding out against me, i.e. they are not equal to my requirements, TBC-LL¹ 1094 . nit maithe na carpait-so . . . ni thaet mo diṅgbail-se dib-so, 1123 (= ni fuil mo diongmhala-so diob-so, St.). So in gen.: ba hé fer a dingbāla leu `they deemed him (Ferbaeth) a man fit to repel him (Cúchulaind)', TBC-I¹ 1534 . fer do dingbala su, LL 238a42 ( TTr. 1285 ).

II Hence g s. dingbála comes to be used adjectivally in sense a match for, equivalent to, worthy of , at first following subst. and with obj. gen., later also as pred. and with prep. DO.

(a) ara carpait a diṅgbala ina fiadnaisi a charioteer worthy of him, TBC-I¹ 2572 . dí nóe sess-churach cutrumme dingbála tri ndrong ndechenbair fit for (i.e. able to hold) three parties of ten, BDD § 87 . cid . . . nobeth ri hErinn cin mnai a dingbala aci, TE § 2 Eg. ben dingbala ríg, IT i 74 . loimm dingmala ríg, BColm. 60.21 . fer dingmála gach duine, Hy Fiach. 250 . acht co rabat glinni mo dingbala riu provided I have securities worthy of me, MU 4.28 . robui ingen cruthach a dingmala aigi, RC x 187 . rothecht commaim a dhingbala, Fl. Earls 192.18 .

(b) With prep. DO: issí in glan genmnaid dingbála do ríg, LU 3908 . ni fer dingbala dhó misi I am not a man fitted to encounter him, TBC-LL¹ 3883 St. conar persu dingbala don epscopoti hé a person fit for the bishopric, RC ii 392 . ropad sciath dingbāla dó a shield worthy of him, LL 146b6 = PRIA xix 540 .

(c) Hence as pure adj. used as pred. with prep. DO (rarely gen.) worthy of, meet for, due to, becoming to: dingbala gl. dignus, Ir. Gl. 668 . gl. idoneus , Corm. Y 754 . teghlach fial . . . as lān-dingbāla Conchobuir, ZCP v 502 . ca fiss dóib-si . . . in barbardacht fil inna churp nach fil trumma as dingbála di inna churp there may not be a heaviness corresponding to it in his body, Mer. Uil. 63 . is d.¤ dóib dochar `torment is their rightful due', SG 63.17 . atlochur-sa do Dia . . . do beith d.¤ do gabáil mo flaithesa that thou mayest be fitted to assume, 394.34 . Folld. by dochum: nirbha dingbhala dochum airdrigh Eirenn ben arna hindarba trina mígním féin, Ériu iii 152 § 5 . nír d.¤ sinn dochum a chaithme we were not worthy to eat of it, SG 43.39 . isi bud dingmala docum a cruthaigteora fein do geinemain (of Virgin Mary), 3 B 22, 70a5 . Folld. by LA, with ellipse of DO: naptar dingmala leo in sheoit fouarotar they did not deem worthy (of them) the treasures, Anecd. ii 56 . do ba dhingbhála leis bheith ag foghlaim he did not think it beneath him to be learning, SG 16.15 .

In impers. construction, is d.¤ (do . . .) it is worthy (of), right (for), incumbent (on): co na gabat a chomorbus-som indus as dingbala doib, PH 4247 . as dingmala do deghmnai . . . a snim do tabairt fris, CCath. 4057 . as fír nach diongmála do dhuine . . . codladh . . . i lleabaidh Maodhóg no one is worthy to sleep, BNnÉ 276 . ós é lyaigh minister na naturae is d.¤ dō toil na naturae do leanmuin, O'Gr. Cat. 235.33 . Absol. it is fitting, meet: narbo d.¤ a chor fo thalmain a haithle in gnīma dorigne, PH 664 (?). is d.¤ dogabmait-ne ar césad, 2887 . cech aen dogéna bréc, conid d.¤ bás d'fhagbail dó, 2736 .

(d) Hence absol. as attrib. suitable , worthy, fitting, in later lang. used to denote excellence in gen.: a caeim-celi gráduch dinguhala, TE § 20 Eg. is m'[fh]er d.¤ frim lá, TFerbe 482 . da puitric dec lais cona mbiad d.¤ leo with their proper complement of victuals, Metr. Dinds. iii 532.18(notes). síl . . . na ndeigfer ndingmala roc[h]insett o Aeneas, CCath. 6042 . di tuait diles d.¤ De, BB 240b5 . roinn díles diongmála, BNnÉ 258.12 . dober-sa comharthaidhe maithe diongmála dhuit, Ériu v 166.35 . So in Bible, Matthew xix 21 (= τέλειος), Acts x 24 , xviii 26 (adv. comp. = ἀκριβέστερον), Romans iv 16 . As adv.: leiseóchar co dingbala na dighbāla adequately , Fianaig. 72.17 . an tan ghlacthar co diongmhála í (of a sacrament), Ó Héodhusa 206.15 .

(e) Later used also as subst. with gen. (poss.) and followed by de + subst. of definition to denote that which is worthy of, fitting for, an equivalent , a use arising out of (a) by inversion: fuair a dhiongmhala do dheghthuarasdal o'n mbainrioghain a remuneration worthy of him (= fuair deghth. a dhingbhála), AFM v 1814.10 . ní bhaoí aon triocha chéd . . . na baói a dhiongmhála do thighearna isan Tadhcc sin that would not have had a fitting lord in T., vi 2308.12 . Cf. Stowe variant of TBC-LL¹ 1123 quoted above under I.

III As gramm. term privative case: dingbhail, BB 328a21 , Lec. 323a22 = digbhail, Auraic. 1525 (reading of H 4.22 ). If reading of BB be right, word is prob. a particular application of (I) = taking away, removing .

IV In mod. lang. occas. worth, excellence, merit , a sense prob. due to corresponding use of dingbála, see II (d) above: gurab o Dhia thig . . . uile naomhthacht ┐ uile dhiongmhail oibre, Luc. Fid. 227 . creud da ttig brigh ┐ diongmhail do bheith san obair daonna, 226 .

idan

Cite this: eDIL s.v. idan or dil.ie/27179

 

adj o, ā pure, faithful, sincere, disinterested; fitting: idon quasi idonius .i. dingbāla, Corm. Y 754. idan immorro .i. idon ab eo quod est idoneus .i. tairisi, 78 . iodhan .i. glan, O'Cl. idhan .i. comlán, ut est idhan cach foglaim co n-idhna, O'Dav. 1083. coman .i. idhan ut est escoman .i. anidhan, 462 . bat idain fri cach réit `let them be faithful' (gl. fidem bonam ostendentes), Wb. 31c13 . cuiriss dím cluu idhan, ZCP vi 258.4 . bid i.¤ a áentu frind, Fél.² lxi 27. ro indarb Patraic an treide so .. uair rob anidan, Laws i 44.14 Comm. isi crich ann sin na idhan do dulius (sic) `which it is not proper to enter,' iv 144.16 Comm. ainced idnu, cuimriged essidnu, Tec. Corm. § 2.15 . uisci iodun, K. and H. § 18. ni hi.¤ lais ... a thaechtad `he does not consider it clean dealing ...,' Mon. Tall. 143.15 . ar n-i.¤ fiad testaib Dé we are guiltless, SR 3583. mor do athescaib idnaib, 4611 . bī fri hidnaibh go hidhan, Sitzungsb. Pr. Akad. 1919, 93 § 22 . cor torrach Muire mātha[i]r co hi.¤ in virginity , ACL iii 244 § 12 . i.¤ tāncais-siu ar talmain | mar tic blāth, 242 § 15. mo phort i.¤ án | m'ilad ┐ m'úag, LU 9885. a Crist cuirp idain comlain, LL 36b margin . is aire-sin doberim comairle hi.¤ ... .i. Ísu do lécun as a fhorcongul `sincere,' PH 2764. dia chongbáil co i.¤ do ghrés cen chomrac ri nech aile chaste , RC viii 150.9 . is biror as i.¤ donaib sruithib fitting?, Ériu iii 104 § 35. epscop ┐ ógh iodhan, AFM ii 660.7 . urmhór na haicme iodhaine, TSh. 2274. mar do ríomh sibh go hiodhan ` fairly ,' Content. xxviii 41. do dhruim iodhan an achaidh over the pure ridge of the field,' DDána 37 § 9. is idhan do gním ┐ is forbti herlabra, D IV 2, 45a7 .

aí idhan name of a metre: aí idhan so ┐ Cend Ghegain dosroine, IT iii 101 § 183.

Compds. ¤chnes pure skin: a mbí d'fhuil ret iodhainchneas, Aithd. D. 65 § 21. ¤glan pure: is codhnach gealadhbhadh na n-ógh n-iodhanghlan, 76 § 7. ¤lerg: san iodhainleirg bhfleadhaigh bhfinn, DDána 74 § 47. ¤mac innocent child: baoí earc sleibhe i ngach láimh ... don iodhanmac, Ériu v 82.8 .

2 idna, indna

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 idna, indna or dil.ie/27206
Last Revised: 2013

 

n the name of a particular rank or dignity; a warrior of the highest of three grades ZCP xlii 46 : cislir toggarmanda techtaide miadleachta ... aire desa, aire fine, indna, anroth, O'Curry 254 (< H 3.18, p. 148 ). idhna .i. fer oca mbi sochraiti do macuib berar do, ocus do bratrib combi .xxx. uit gaisgedach, Laws iv 348.13 . idna andiumsach, 16 . (? idna = Lat. idoneus of which Nettleship maintained the original meaning to be "able to beget," Plummer MS. Notes).

sásad

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sásad or dil.ie/36220

 

u m. vn. of sásaid. In Mod.Ir. also o, m.

(a) act of satisfying; satisfaction: la sassad inna n-anmandae `besides satisfying the animals', Ml. 129d16 . srotha . . . | do cheniul cach coemlenna | fri sasad sloig, SR 499 . ní recat a les ind naim ní aile acht . . . a s.¤ don boltnogud fil is tír the perfume that pervades the land is sufficient for them, LU 1981 ( FA 5 ). sāsad lobur lēir `feeding the sick', Ériu ii 56 § 9 . s.¤ sona `happy satisfaction', Metr. Dinds. iii 50.42 . ferr slán s.¤ `it is better to be healthy than glutted', RC xlv 77 § 6.4 . sásadh meanman na ndámh ndoiligh (of a chief), TD 25.38 . ag sásadh Ríogh an ríchidh `rejoicing the Lord in Heaven', Dán Dé xiv 22 . mar shásadh cluas `to please the ear', Content. xiv 43 . ibhidh sonn digh bhar sásaidh `satisfying draughts', xvi 76 . iomchubhaidh ré sásadh = idoneus ad placandum, TSh. 4542 . muna ndenmuid ar ndithcheall air shásadh do thabhairt do Dhia, Donlevy 302.14 . d'a nach bhfuil . . . breith na caill, no sásadh saoghalta air bith `no worldly motive or interest', 332.27 . ní thugann sé sasadh a n-áonchúis dá chúisibh `he giveth not account', Job xxxiii 13 (1827; cunntús, Bedell).

(b) food : amal ara mberat biuth in[n]a cethrai . . . inna sástu frisacomrac[at] the foods they meet with, Ml. 69a19 . air is lecet du sudib erbert biuth hua cech sasad to enjoy every food, 69a23 . dund sasad diant ainm panis, 118b6 . in s.¤ gl. papulatio, 121d3 . in s.¤ di nim ón gl. novitas alimenti, 123c15 . dunt sasád (sic) gl. pastione, 121d13 . fo chumactu nach sásta diib `under the power of any food of them', Wb. 9c31 . in sássad nemda . . . .i. in maind, Ériu ii 198.12 . s.¤ fíach, BDD² 330 . in tan nád fágbat feolu, ethait in fhínemain . . . na araile sástai in talman, Alex. 972 = arailiu sástu, BB 499a32 . bairgen . . . is imchubaid in s.¤-sin do neoch bis i ngorta, PH 4798 . comad aire dobertha ainm sásta cechlathide sund for cech ní o fhulangar betha aimserdai na ṅdóine daily bread, 7922 . gafand . . . .i. nomen sasta name of a food, O'Mulc. 612 . biorar thiobrad . . . | as e mo shásadh, BS 38.14 . sásadh pronn ag pobal mór food for the meals of a numerous people (manna), Hackett xlii 50 .

In spiritual sense: do foillsigud int sāsta spirtalda fil dona naemaib, ZCP xii 367.29 . o shástaib spirutaltaib in fhorcetail diadai, PH 5992 . indiu ro suidiged s.¤ oirmitnech na n-aingel itir shássad dereoil na ndoine hi crú assaine (of the birth of Christ), Todd Lect. vi 51.1 . in sássad suthain .i. Ísu Crist, PH 6941 . in sássad bith-beo, 5189 . sásadh briathar (of Christ's preaching), DDána 20.22 .

See sásam.

tairise

Cite this: eDIL s.v. tairise or dil.ie/39718

 

Forms: toraisse, taraisse, tairis(s)e

adj io, iā O. Ir. toraisse, taraisse, the form tairis(s)e being due to the influence of tairissem ( Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 628 - 9 ). From *to-ro-finn-, orig. meaning `erkundet' (ib.). Cf. however Thes. i 720 , corr. to p. 137 .

I In O. and Mid. Ir.

(a) fitting, suitable, meet: idon ab eo quod est idoneus .i. tairisi, Corm. Y 78 . it taraissai gl. idonei sunt, Ml. 42b15 . torisse leis ar fóit for techtairechta `he deems it meet,' Wb. 15a15 . is torise la cách a buith oc ailli a almsine `everyone deems it proper,' 16d2 .

(b) trustworthy, faithful, worthy of confidence: amal nonda thorisse frissin tectairecht dia tuidched `as I am trustworthy at the mission to which I have come,' Wb. 10a28 . is torisse dia gl. fidelis est, 25c28 . is torisse a thimthirecht gl. fidilis minister, 27c30 . a ngell taraisse ... is gell són toraisse dano nondasoirfea dia, Ml. 27a6 . inna toraisse gl. (maxima pars) fidorum, 58b13 . Frequent with prep. la: is tarisse limm inso, Wb. 23a18 . níp tarisse lat `trust him not,' 30d24 . cid terissem namma nírbu toraisse les `he had not the confidence even to stand,' Ml. 34c17 . `in tairisi libsi in ben ?, TBFr. 393 `do ye trust the woman ? Études Celt. ii 12.19 . na ba tairisi leo dīn nā daingen da roibi accu, TTebe 2740 . budh móide bás tairisi lé cach misi dot lecon-sa slán, CCath. 1296 . nir tharise leis-sem Connachtach acht mad uathad becc he trusted but few of the Connachtmen, Ann. Conn. 1225.18 . is t.¤ liomsa a fhios a bheith agad-sa I am content that you should know (?), ITS i 176.24 . With do: ba tarissi dó beith form ḟoesam it was safe for him to be under my protection, LL 51a47 . ni fedar in tairisi dam-sa hē whether I may safely partake of it (of food), ZCP xiii 237.5 . Compar. and superl.: is tarissiu leu precept soscéli in fecht so `more confident are they to preach the gospel now,' Wb. 23b10 . rob iat roba tairisiu lassin rig do thathaigid in bairr, RC x 218.73 . fogeba fait[h] bus tairisi[u] lat innúsa do innisin do tinnriuma duit, CCath. 4283.

(c) In sagas the phrase is t.¤ (lim) is frequent as reply to welcome or offer of hospitality: `Fochen do thīachtain ...' `Is tairisi lind inn fāilti' ... `Is tairisi daidse ōn,' TBC-I¹ 2349 . ferais C. failti fris. Tarissi limm. Tairisi duit-siu ón, TBC-LL¹ 1620 . Tarisi lind ┐ tarisi risin rig, MU 42.25 . `Fochen daid ... Rotbīa fer i nnāth tart chend.' `Is toirise,' TBC-I¹ 1047 . is t.¤ lim chena for fáilte amal is t.¤ do cach mac a bume, Ériu iv 128.18 . But in this idiom perh.=tairisiu, q.v.

II

(a) In Mid. and Mod. Ir. in general sense of faithful, trusty, constant, certain: oes gráda in ríg ┐ a muntear tairisse, PH 384 . ina trebaib timsaigti tairisi, BB 244a34 . co rab tairisi a treb, BColm. 50.27 . doronsat mo réir go ro-thairisi, BNnÉ 267.3 . ni ba tairsi do sum fir Midi, Cog. 154.4 . mairg do uair ... | muirn tigerna tairisi `constant,' Prolegomena 30.x . grádh t.¤ do thaobh cumainn, DDána 32.5 . ná bí níos foide, a shéimh sheang, | gan bheith t.¤ im thimcheall, Dánta Gr. 17.10 . síth daingen deaghthairisi, AFM iii 650.1 . termonn tarise, Ann. Conn. 1235.16 . a chairde t.¤ , TSh. 291 . dom anmain ní fhuair meise | lámh thaisgeadha th.¤ I have found no faithful guardian for my soul (?), Dán Dé xxii 21 . Compar. aon ruire ba thairise agus ba fearr clú ag a mhuinntir, Maguires of F. 29.14 .

(b) As subst. adherent, follower, friend: tairisi oglan .i. don fir fine cen fonaidm a taisic, Laws iii 276.4 (text), 6 Comm. drem d'a tairisib ┐ d'a fhirmuinntir ... g'a imcoimet, Celt. Rev. iv 212.20 . gan neach do ghairm chuca da ttairisibh, Misc. Hag. Hib. 21.1 .