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anaíbinn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. anaíbinn or dil.ie/3291

adj (oíbind) unpleasant, disagreeable: i n-inud utmall anoibind, TTebe 594 . aitdeda anaibne ichtir ifrind , 1658 . as úar anaoibhinn mh'ionadh, BS 86.6 (§ 43) . ni h-ord anaibinn, BB 281b17 . is anáoibhinn duit, Matthew xi 21 .

calmugud

Cite this: eDIL s.v. calmugud or dil.ie/8080

vn. of calmaigid. act of strengthening : do ch.¤ ┐ nertad hirse, PH 7 . ni fhetfad doirsi h-ifrind calmagud ina agaid, YBL 151b7 . do chalmugudh an dileagha, 23 K 42, 373.8 . an scamáin arna chalmughud, O'Gr. Cat. 188.19 .

déchsain

Cite this: eDIL s.v. déchsain or dil.ie/14931

Forms: dechsuna

n i, gen. dechsuna, IT ii2 139. 3 (15th century); dechsa, Laws i 138. 30 (corrupt); cf. fordechsana g s. LL 402 a 6 ; vn. of déchaid. A Mid.-Ir. contamination of déicsiu and féchain. In early Mod. MSS regularly replaced by féchain (e.g. FDG 168 . 644 . 652 , Stowe MSS). Syn. dechain, déccain, déicsiu, often interchanging in the same text: FDG 168. 175 . ZCP viii 229. 24 , 28 . TTr.² 44 . RC xxvi 140. 12 ; 164. 24 .

I A looking or gazing upon. With gen. or for.

(a) of persons: scíth mo chraide...agud dechsain a macán, FDG 652 YBL. téit do déchsin in tṡrotha, ib. 644 . do dechsain nime ┐ ifrind , Snedg. u. Mac R 34. 17 . rolínsat dingna na cathrach do dellrad ┐ dechsain...forgla trénfer nEorpa, BB 414 b 16 . atsisithar sist forsin port oc déchsain na hingine, ZCP v 524. 28 (16th century). slógh mór oc dechsain na hidpurta, RC xxvi 164 § 55 . Snedg. u. Mac R 42. 6 . la dechsain do fuirri (sc. in péist) rosíabra a beoil do díb cúladaib, Laws i 72. 18 . atberedh la dechsain an cuaich, RC xxvi 374. 29 . to look out: fear siúil do dechsain ce hairead úathaibh go tír, BB 39 a 25 .

(b) transf. of things, a looking at, a facing : dá choloṁain...┐ cách díb oc déchain a chéile .i. coloman Eorpa oc dechsain Affraici ┐ coloman A. oc dechsain E., TTr.² 44 .

II A viewing, inspecting, examining . eirg do déchsain na fledi, FDG 168 YBL.

III A look or gaze : dodech Naéisi i ndiaidh a dechsuna ┐ dochonnairc súil an ḟir N. followed the direction of her look IT ii2 139. 3 . fa baegal díbh a déchsain, ZCP viii 229. 28 (or `to look at him').

Obs.—Cf. fordécsin.

dochraid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dochraid or dil.ie/17377

Forms: dochrud, dochrud, dochuirde, dochruidi, doc[h]raidi, dochrud, dochraith

adj i. O.Ir. dochrud, -chruth u. (do + cruth). Used primarily of appearance unshapely, unsightly, ugly; applied to conditions and to moral actions or qualities, unseemly, indecorous, degrading (referring strictly to impression produced on an observer): dochrud gl. indecor, Sg. 65a12 . is dochruth comirsire na desse unseemly, Wb. 13a6 ; 10b16 . g s f. inna aisndísen dochuirde (leg. dochruidi?) cacophony , Sg. 203a4 . pl. doc[h]raidi gl. indecora, Ml. 68d2 . Adv. in dochrud gl. deformiter, 122c10 . in docrig (id.), Enchir. Aug. 83b ( ZCP vii 484 ). Of appearance: sé docraid adétig, FB § 37 . ba docraid a ecosc (deformis esse . . . videretur), Lat. Lives 88 . ba d.¤ ó gnuis, RC ii 392 . ben dub dúabais d.¤ , BDD § 38 . dá brói dubai dochraide léa, LL 401a22 . dochruth lee a delb, Lism. L. p. 325 . d.¤ cach dona the unlucky person passes for ill-favoured, Tec. Corm. § 13.22 . d.¤ cach daer, ACL iii 229 . bid in peccthach suairc sochraid, | bíd in fírian fird.¤ , LB 226 marg. inf. comaittreb salach dhocraid, PH 4331 . a Ifrind robrén rodochraidh, YBL 151b31 . i gcaidreabh . . . piast ndochraidh, TSh. 1109 .

Of manner, condition, morals, etc.: ba d.¤ nochaitis in bec bíd . . . ní bíd mías ná clár occu nā fuine, LB 155b52 . ni biamm indus ṅd.¤ we live in no unseemly way, Alex. 858 = i ndeis docruth, BB 498a34 . co mba d.¤ leo a cuirp cen fial impu, MacCarthy 56 . fri denam cuil rodochraidh (of fornication), Anecd. ii 14 . adarta dochraite in etraid ┐ in adaltrais, PH 4945 . a mogada dochraidhe base, vile , CCath. 3564 . briathra docraidhe ┐ taithairecha d'eisdeacht, Lib. Flav. i 21 va 5 . an ghéag gan ghuth nd.¤ , Ó Bruad. ii 112.27 . d.¤ fia[d] dóinib in bás sin shameful, ignominious (of crucifixion), PH 2378 . foghebha bás dochrudh, ZCP i 262 § 30 . ruccsat a ceann ┐ a chorp go dochraidh go hÁth C. ignominiously, AFM iii 4 . do chengail R. iat co dochraidh, RC xix 368 . gurab í is doichte ┐ is dochraide chaenglas é it is the body (colainn) which binds him most tightly, ignominiously, TSh. 7531 . ball d.¤ an `uncomely' member (cf. 1 Corinth. xii 23 ), one of the ignoble organs of the body, in med. treatises opposed to ball uasal (spiridálta), such as heart, brain, etc.: a mbald fuar dochraidh, 3 C 19, 272 va 21 . As subst. that which is unseemly, shameful: in loc dia mbu thabarthi ermitiu feid . . . dognitis cech ndochrad (sic MS.) and, Ml. 22a4 . tresin dochrad-sa fris unseemly behaviour towards him, Mon. Tall. § 36 . duairc les d.¤ a cuirp gil (of Adam and Eve), SR 1355 . Unhappy, in sad plight (?): ón uair dorochair in rí, | Gaidil Cruithnig dochraidi (`im Nachteil'), Festschr. Stokes 5.3 (but see dochraide). dochraidh .i. drúis ut est dochraidh an chuirp, O'Curry 1365 (H. 3.18, 624). dochraith .i. druis, O'Cl. ; dochraith lust, concupiscence , P. O'C. ; prob. an inference from use of word applied to sins of the flesh.

domne, domnae

Cite this: eDIL s.v. domne, domnae or dil.ie/18141

Forms: doimne, dhoimhne

n , f. (domain). Also doimne.

(a) depth, depths: bec do domna diadachta, ACC § 122 Comm. (RC xx). am gáeth im muir ar domni (song of Amirgen), LL 12b39 ( IT iii 61 § 123 ). ? cichsi domni, SG 80.3 (rhet.). cia doimne in abann?, 75.15 . cia doimne na Boindi?, YBL 136a14 . co nach étir in chned cen fis a doimne do legius, PH 7644 . tri traigthe a leithead ┐ a doimhne (of a trench), Laws iv 112.3 . ina airdi . . . ina domna (of a vessel), O'D. 929 ( H 3.17 658a). créd é an leithead . . . ┐ an doimhne, Ephes. iii 8 . maille re fad ┐ re leithne ┐ re duimhne, 23 A 4, 137.3 . doimhne ┐ arde ifrend, Lec. 346b46 . domni ifrind omon leam I dread the depth of hell, 347a20 . tre grein do beth a ndoimne because the sun is low (i.e. in January), 23 P 10, 22b6 . (Of a disease) teit se a ndoimne na mball mar doracad tarrngi goes deep into the limbs like a nail, 58.4 . (Of serpents and their bite) in tan tét a ndoimne na mball gabaid dassacht cuga, 24 B 3, 2.14 . da seachnadh na súile an tshoillsi ┐ a mbeith . . . ag dol a ndoimhni receding, 23 K 42, 190.15 . (Of salt in bread) furtachtaighe int uisci chum dul a ndoimhne it helps the water to penetrate (the bread), 3 C 19, 17ra28 . sa lobra . . . ata in tadhbhur a ndoimhne ni is mó in leprosy the (malignant) matter goes deeper, 38va31 . gach méid uíd a ndoimhni is misdi iad (of wounds), 111vb13 . a náit clochaidh mar nach raibh doimhne thalmhan aige depth of soil, Mark iv 5 . créd é doimhne shaidhbhris eagna ┐ eólais Dé, Romans xi 33 . an mhéid . . . dá nach feas doimhne Shatain, Rev. ii 24 . ar dhoimhne a bfis profundity of their knowledge, Content. xviii § 88 . ba haithnid dō doibne ┐ geri inntlechta na mban, Grail 3187 . da bhfaictheá duine ag filledh ó ath ar a dhuibhne on account of its depth, Mac Aingil 142.5 . cech doimhne noroisidh an t-adhnacul the deeper, ZCP viii 560.1 .

Depths, deeps (s. and pl.): moluidh an Tighearna . . . a dhragúna ┐ a uile dhoimhne , Psalms cxlviii 7 . dobhérair suás mé ó dhoimhne na talmhan, lxxi 20 . na gaetha ag seidedh na fairgi a ndoimne stirring the sea from its depths, 23 P 10, 16b29 . in muir d'imthecht tar a doimhnib, SG 242.10 . Of night: na feacadar samhuil . . . do doimhne ná do dhoishininn na hoidhche sin riamh such a night for gloom and storm, Celt. Rev. x 134.14 .

(b) Perh. base (of an erection, etc.); bottom (of vat or vessel) in the follg.: (of an earthwork?) dá traig .x. . . . a domna[e] its base, Críth G. 569 . da traig .x. lethet a bél ┐ a domnai, 571 . domna .i. mas ut est leth lethat a beoil dia domna .i. a lethid a mais tís, O'Dav. 680 . But all three exx. could also be referred to (a).

dub

Cite this: eDIL s.v. dub or dil.ie/18985
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: dubh, duib, Dubchroin, Dubgaill, dublathi, dublocha, Dub, Duib, Duib, Duib-, Dub-, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duibh, Duib, Duibhe, Duib, Duib, Duibe, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duibhe, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duibh, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duib, Dub, Duib, Duib, Duib, Duibinne, Dublachtnai, Dubdartaig, Duibduinig, Duibdunaigh, Duibsinaich, Dubslataigh, Duibchonna, Duibchonnaid, Duchormac, Dubinrecht, Dubanich, Duibcind, Duibcinn, Duibgind, Duibchruib, Dubchertain, Dubchon, Duibdeochain, Duibdiberg, Duibeoin, Duibedain, Dubgillai, Dubgoband, Dublaich, Dubloingsigh, Dubgosa, Dublitir, Dublitri, Dubluachair, Dubrind, Dubroith, Duibdirma, Duibdligid

I Adj. u (see GOI 227 ) black, swarthy; dark:

(a) In lit. sense: dubh gl. niger, Ir. Gl. 381 , 802 . Ethioip in datha derbduib, LL 136a14 . forollscad for ratha | comdar datha duibe, Metr. Dinds. iii 218 . in d.¤, in liath (colours of winds), SR 61 (cf. Laws i 26 ). in temen . . . eter duib ┐ corcair, 80 . abrait duib black eyelashes, TBC-I¹ 30 . folt d.¤ , TBC-LL¹ 5269 , 5424 . ech d.¤ , 3380 . cait duba, Laws i 152 Comm. di énlaithib dubuib (= graves aves), Lat. Lives 32 . dond ḟiuc[h] d.¤ , SR 2558 . uan . . . cen gaili nduib, 3902 . airnidhe dubha black sloes, BS 22 . demun d.¤ , SR 7773 . for demnu duba, 8320 . milidh duibh (dhubha, v.l.), RC xxxiv 320 . slog d.¤ dorcha (of devils), PH 8101 . teglach d.¤ dorcha, 8197 . il-luc d.¤ dorcha, Fél. Mar. 9 . tír nd.¤ ndóthide, FA § 21 . sruth usci duib dorchai, § 30 . for trágaib duba, SR 8068 . dubaib rathib rogemrid in the dark seasons of deep winter, Ériu vii 2 . fion dubh dark (i.e. red) wine , 23 A 4, 94.11 ; 95.1 . linn d.¤ black bile, melancholy (med.), O'Gr. Cat. 176 ; o imdughad lenna duibe, 23 P 10, 25a20 . Of persons, swarthy of complexion or blackhaired: Odba . . . in d.¤ dedblada[ch], BB 405a17 . na bāingela duba fair(-skinned) dark(-haired) women (?), ZCP viii 113.4 . Of a blind person: atú-sa mar bís dall d.¤ , ZCP vi 263 . As subst.: a d.¤ na sūl iris or pupil (?), 23 P 10, 88 .

(b) Fig. dark (in moral sense); dire, gloomy, melancholy: find cach cóir, d.¤ cach ndebaid, ACL iii 229 . do chosc do dimda buib thy black displeasure, Metr. Dinds. iii 62 . le scēl ndoilphi nd.¤ a false tale of woe, Lec. 608a16 . co d.¤ domenmnach truag, Cog. 62 . sonnach suairc nach dubh re deoraidh that has not black looks for the wanderer, Ó Bruad. iii 188 ( O'Gr. Cat. 555 ). rún nach d.¤ re saoghal séin `purpose prized by ages blessed thereby', Ó Bruad. ii 266 . na secht nduba Temrach .i. septem anni mali, ZCP xii 235 § 52 .

(c) In B. na f. great, expressing intensity; prob. an extension of (b) and common esp. as prefix: dubh .i. mór: d.¤ an fhuil-si .i. as mór an créchd.¤ , O'Cl. in dae sin cidh dubh (.i. mor) a ghlor though loud his noise, ZCP v 483 . ? biaid dano int ēsca lethumai iarthoir Macha .i. tāidlech ar crābud ┐ is d.¤ a riagol re tri fichtib mbliadna, ix 452 .

Equative: duibidir degaid, Ériu ii 122 . dubithir dethaig, BDD² 517 . duibithir druimne daeil, 22 ; TBC-LL¹ 5550 . dubithir ré drommannaib dega, LL 235b11 . duibidir éc, Corm. Y 1059 . duibither fiaich, TBC-LL¹ 5634 . duibithir funchi fedil, Metr. Dinds. iii 256 , cf. O'Mulc. 540 . duibithir gual, RC xiii 5 . duibigther gual, xxiv 196 . duibhithior gual gabhonn, Keat. iii p. 379 . duibithir uibhli, Aisl. Tond. xiii 5 = comdubh re gual, p. 133 . Compar. duibi nā srath fuail cach gen, Lec. 347a47 . fá duibe iná gual a glúine, SG 251 . is duibhe a ngnúis ná gual, Lament. iv 8 .

II As subst. n., later o, m.

(a) black pigment, esp. ink: ó d.¤ gl. atramento, Wb. 15a10 . drochd.¤ , Sg. p. 217 (Thes. ii p. xxii). is tana a nd.¤ the ink is thin, Sg. p. 248b (ib.). iar n-airnechtain duib scripthar int psailim tria d.¤ after the invention of ink . . . with ink, Hib. Min. 243 . dubh scribind, Fél. p. 246 . doirtid a dig for duillinn | do d.¤ in chuilinn chnesglais ink made from holly, Laud 610, 615.55 , cf. Colmán duib Chuilinn, Fél. Nov. 24 and note p. 246 . penn bog gér ┐ d.¤ ruadh righin, O'Gr. Cat. 120 . adharc dhuibh an inkhorn , Eg. Gl. 650 . adeir Pól . . . nach le dubh do sgríobh í, Eochairsg. 14 . sgríobhadh ré pápéur ┐ ré dubh, 2 John 12 . olc sin, a dhuibh, TTr.² 875 (scribal note). ? Of a black liquid in general: mar attib . . . dig don rodub (roda, v.l.) rúamda, Metr. Dinds. iii 220 (see rota).

(b) gall: g s. duib gl. fellis, BCr. 35a3 ( Thes. ii 24 ). d.¤ ┐ mill na darach oak-gall (?) (prescription for a styptic), 23 P 10, 150va36 .

Note also: tucus ri toeb crīche, cia héraic bad mó | d.¤ dés is d.¤ tuinne, LL 147a50 `black of land (?) and black of wave', PRIA xix 553 , with note: `dub . . . has a proverbial or technical meaning, implying certain commodities, etc., exacted as tribute. Perhaps "doubtful or disputed portion", cf. dubfine'. Cf. Dub-thuinne below. d.¤ .i. duithir ( dawn?), Stowe Gl. 50 .

Compds.

I With adj. In dvandva compds.: dub-brecc dark and speckled , SR 2955 . folt dubchas black and curling , TBC-I¹ 3219 . More oft. as intens. prefix: ¤deróil: cliar drechach nár duibdereoil `dark and feeble' ( very feeble ?), RC xxiv 182 . ¤diamair, SG 307.23 . ¤grāna, KMMisc. 317 . ¤láidir: dōdlāmha dublaidire, CF 205 . ¤temen: muir ndubthemen, SR 909 . Esp. with adjj. of colour to denote a deep shade: ¤chorcur dark crimson gl. ferrugo (explained as color purpurae), Sg. 52a11 . do sciathaib dubc[h]orcra, Fianaig. 88 . ¤chrón; as n.pr. m. a Dubchroin , Hib. Min. p. 77 . hí Dubchroin, Lec. 349b38 . ¤derg dark red , TBC-I¹ 1916 . batir domna dubderga a dí shúil, LL 117b18 . ¤donn dark brown or dun: dubtonn, Thes. ii 236.13 . stéd dubdhonn, SG 269 . dercoin darach dubdhuinne, BS 130 . bratt don scarlóid dubhdhuinn, Anecd. i 76 . As n.pr. m., Metr. Dinds. iii 318 . ¤glas dark blue-grey, livid colour: dubglass gl. caeruleum, Sg. 70b12 . ech d., Acall. 3776 ; Anecd. i 12 . gabur d., ZCP iv 33 . broit dubglasa, TBC-I¹ 11 . co nathrachaib dubglasa, TTebe 524.322 . Hence dubglasaid turns livid: cia bānait ┐ dúbglasait do beoil, PH 8131 . ro bansat a n-aighthe ┐ a ngnúisi, ro dubhglassatar a mbeoil, CCath. 4632 . ¤gorm blue-black, intense black: ech d., Acall. 242 . adbai na ndoel ndúbgorm, PH 8256 . ¤lachtne dark tan-coloured: brat dublachtne, RC xiv 450 . dublactna, xiii 28 . As n.pr. m. Rawl. 150b35 . ¤líath dark grey . As subst.: ? bíaid dano in douibliath (duibliath, v.l.) doich anechde Loch Rí, ZCP ix 451 . ¤odar dark brown or dun: co lin[n]paitib dubodraib, RC xv 439 . As n.pr. m. Dubodor, Rawl. 159a24 . ¤ruad dark red , SR 4046 .

In adj. formed from nouns: ¤altach black-limbed (?): ag indarba deman ┐ d. bís (exorcista), Lec. 340b43 . ¤chestach. As sobriquet: Dáire D. of the dark questions, RC xvi 34 ( Dinds. 84 ). ¤chosach blackfooted . Name of a bird, Anecd. i 38 . As sobriquet, in D. Beinne Gulbain, SG 280 . As subst. o, m., name of a plant, black maidenhair (capillus Veneris), ACL i 326 . don dubhcosaigh , 329 . anmanna an dubhchosaigh, 23 K 42 339.9 . ¤détach black-toothed: as sobriquet, Fergus D., ZCP viii 327 . F. Duibhdhéadach, Keat. iv 294 . ¤ḟograch: muir mintonnach d. plaintive-sounding , RC xxiv 373 . ¤geltach melancholy-mad (downright m.?): glac duibgealtaigh gortaigh, IT iii 101 ( Bruchst. § 71 ). ¤gnúisech black-faced: daosgarshluagh dubh-ghnúiseach deamhan, TSh. 1975 . ¤gus-rúnach full of black crafty thoughts, CF 871 . ¤luirgnech black-shanked, -legged . Name of a horse, Acall. 270 . ¤nertach (intens.): for Daire ṅdian ṅd., LL 213b31 . ¤smúaintigthech: tiubrā dorcha dubhsmuaintigheach 'a dark, brooding, bushy brow', BDC 256.558 . ¤ṡúilech black-eyed: ni thuca in dubshúilig ndochoisc do not marry an intractable black-eyed woman, ZCP viii 112 . As sobriquet: in Findṡúilech et in Dubṡúlech, LL 327a33 . mac Taidhg Dubhsuiligh, AU 1496 (iii 406) .

II With nouns: ¤aba, ¤abann: teora dubaibne hÉrenn .i. Fubna, Torand ┐ Caland, LL 16b36 . tomaidm tri ndubabann, 17a19 . Also n.loc. see Hog. Onom. ¤adaig: i ndubaidchib dark nights, Laws ii 2 . ¤aigén abyss, deep ; goiridh an dubhaigén chum an dubhaigéin deep calleth unto deep, Psalms xlii 7 . ó dhuibhaighén na fairrge, lxviii 22 . Cf. duibecán. ¤aithech black churl (disparaging epithet): la borg d., FB § 71 . ¤alt dark spot, Ó Bruad. ii 166 . ¤áth: ic dubáthaib derg-Maisten black fords, Metr. Dinds. iii 74 ; see Hog. Onom. ¤broid: mo dhuithche fá mhogsain 's fá dhubh-bhroid dark bondage , O'Gr. Cat. 30 . ¤buidechair name of a disease (kind of jaundice?): a n-aghaidh an (sic) dubhbuidheachaire, 23 K 42, 384.1 . ¤chailech part of an axe: gall-biail . . . cona dib dubhchailchib .i. cona dib cluasaib, O'Dav. 532 . ¤chend lit. black-head, name of a sword; later (in poetic lang.) sword in general (later also ¤gin, ¤ginn, perh. through influence of gin sword-edge). a gabair is a dubcend (.i. a ech ┐ a chlaideb), LU 1037 . colg ┐ d.¤ duo nomina gladii , 1038 . is for rigaib focheird feit | indiu d. la Diarmeit, ZCP iii 214 ( LU 9674 ) = indiu in duibgen la D., SG 398 . a duibhginn (.i. a claidemh) ina deghsgib, ZCP v 489 (B. na f.). con duibciund (.i. cloidem) ina dagscip, LB 240a21 . duibhgeann .i. cloidheamh, O'Cl. Also n.pr. m., see below. ¤cheo: duibnēll duibchiach, FB § 36 Eg. ¤chís: cáin, dubhchíos nó custum do chur orra tribute , Ezra vii 24 . fa duibhchíos, Proverbs xii 24 . ¤chlais n.loc. for D., Sc.M² 23 § 23 . ¤chrand: d. mór uaso (of a shaft or pillar?), BDD § 85 . ¤chrech: dubchrecha ┐ chnáim chrói `secret raids' (murderous raids?), Cáin Ad. § 46 . ¤doíre black bondage , SR 5286 . ¤dortad (intens.): forran na tond annuas ac d. forro, Aen. 247 . ar nd. don dīlinn, Anecd. i 26 . Cf. ara ndubdhortaibh dileann, CF 730 . ¤draic: tír nathrach is dubdrac, Rawl. 78b10 . ¤draigen blackthorn, sloe: airne dubhdroighin, Acall. 344 . ¤druim (intens.): dubhdhruim do chor ris an saidhbhreas to renounce altogether, TSh. 10097 . ¤dúnad: fōidis C. Loeg uad isin duibdunad co Fiacha . . . do chuindchid lēgi (apparently a camp distinct from that of the warriors), TBC-I¹ 2766 . ¤én crow or raven , O'Mulc. 310 (= fiach). elta d., RC xiv 416 . ealtada do dubenaib (sic leg.), ZCP x 298 . ¤étach: d'umhluighios a nduibhédach, Psalms xxxv 14 . ¤éthech: secip fethal foa tosar a ndubethech downright perjury , Ériu vii 156 . ¤ḟine one of the inferior divisions of the `fine tuaithe', Laws iv 282 follg. See Stud. in E. Ir. Law 148 . ¤ḟocal obscure word: d. .i. da focal .i. focal ┐ focal solus, O'Curry 965 ( H 3.18 415 -16); Lec. Gl. 565 . ? ¤ḟolach: dubithir leth d., IT i 310 ( LL 113b13 ). ¤ḟuath black hatred: robhaoi a d. go mór ga bhráithribh, TFrag. 170 . ¤ḟuil: lia dubhfhola, Acall. 1739 , 8002 . cairi dubḟola, MU² 730 (cf. TBC-LL¹ 4336 , TBC-I¹ 2810 ). ¤ga black spear (particularly in phrase fir dubga): dobebat flathi ria n-anflathaib la fursmalta fer ndubga[e] '(lawful) princes will perish before usurpers by the oppressions (?) of the men of the black spears', RC xxvi 38 § 191 (a portent of the end of the world). di sceo neimhe fer ndubgæ 'from the venomous clash of black-speared men', BDC 108.85 (of Connachta). flaith fer ndubgāi, ZCP ix 169.28 (of Vikings). See BDC 163 .​​ co nd. nduaibsech, MR 198 . ¤gait nefarious stealing: soiscela mor Coluimcille do d., AU 1006 = CS 1005 . ¤gall black foreigner, Dane (opp. to findg. Norwegian): Dubgoill do thecht do Áth Clíath, AFM 849 . na Dubgaill, LL 377a7 . Drochet Dubgaill (n.loc.), Cog. 184 . Also n.pr. m., Rawl. 154a17 . gen. mac Dubgaill , RC xviii 349 , etc.

¤gen(n)te (pl.) black heathens, Danes: tetacht dubgennti du Ath Cliath, AU 850 . tancatar Dubgenti Danarda, Cog. 229 (LL). Dainfhir ón Dania . . . is diobh ghairthear Duibhgheinnte nó Dubhlochlonnaigh, Keat. iii 2456 .

¤glas ( ¤glais) dark stream or river: glorach for dubglais innocht, LL 298a21 ( SG 366 ). éicne dubglaisse duinne, SG 388 . Also n.loc. see Hog. Onom. ¤gentlidecht black heathenism: ni bia cretim acht duibgenntligecht hi tir nErenn, Trip. clxxxii ( LB 12a ). ¤guin (intens.): tucadar dubgona dluithi . . . ar a cheli, CF 129 . ? ¤gortus: ar a urrdhurcus, ar a ṡuilbere, ar a dubghortus, IT iii 92 . ¤greim (intens.): rug M. dubhghreim dian ar ubhall brághad ar S., PCT 1644 . ¤inis: i nduibinsib ind ociain, Lism. L. p. 354 ( LL 373d ). ¤lacht (pejorative): ar dhubhlacht duthain an domhnáin, TSh. 2287 . ¤laíd: Conall Cael rochanad d. `singer of a dark song', Arch. Hib. ii 71 . dubláidi dindsenchais `dark lays', Metr. Dinds. iii 20 . ¤laith lit. black fluid or humour; melancholy: (g s. as adj.?) is dublathi díscir dian (of a person), MacCongl. 87 . dubhlaithe a ndeoid an domain, Harl. 5280, fo. 42a . ¤lén: an duibhlénsa this black sorrow, BS 92 . ¤lestar black vessel, name of a measure (?): dā dubhlestur deac do cormam (sic) i ndé sechtmuine (allowance of a monk), ZCP vi 271 . ¤lethar: scíath cona thugi dublethair, RC xiv 404 . ¤lia: d. fola, Acall. 6999 . ¤líath see above. ¤lind dark liquid: lónchore mór . . . d. uathmar and; mescthus béos isin duiblinn, BDD § 128 . black pool: ar dublind Brea, Dinds. 132 ( RC xvi 137 ). tar duiblinn imm Brae, ZCP iv 40 . As n.loc., name of rivers, later name of Áth Cliath Dublin: co Dublind Átha Cliath, Cog. 226 ( LL 309b19 ), LL 44b11 . Ámlaib . . . dagrí Dublindi, IT iii 15 . See Hog. Onom. ¤loch: cu glais Tamlachtae dublocho (= lacūs nigri), Ardm. 17a2 ( Thes. ii 238 ). pl. dublocha ifrind , RC xxvi 158 . See Hog. Onom. ¤loinges lit. black exile , esp. the band of Ulstermen who followed Fergus m. Roich to Connacht: toíssech don dúbhloingius la Fergus, Cóir Anm. 275 . tiaguit Connachtuid ┐ in dubluingius, RC x 226 . robris forsin dublongais, LL 44a17 . an dubhloingeas .i. an sluagh deoraidheachta dochuaidh lé Fearghus i gConnachtaibh, Keat. ii 3266 . Of an outlaw band in general: ar dteacht dubhloingis go Cruachain, 2034 . ¤luachat (intens.): ilar ṅdorcha ṅdubluachat, SR 904 . ilar na nd., RC iv 252 . ¤lochlonnach Dane (oppd. to findl. Norwegian), see gente above. ¤lus name of a herb used in med., ACL i 335 §§ 61 , 89 (prob. symphytum or comfrey , Germ. Schwarzwurz). ¤mind: mionnuighim dhíb fa na dhuibhmhionnaibh is dual damh black (i.e. solemn, awful?) halidoms, Maguires of F. § 62 (reliquary is called `in Dubhineach', § 63 ). ¤nél, SR 7418 . d. nemi, TFerbe 181 . eirach an duibhneóil írchra, Ériu i 103 § 65 . fo dhuibhnellaib, Lism. L. 2771 . ¤nóin: fuinsid anuad ó d. duinn, SG 366 . Cf. ó maidin co dubhnónaigh `black noon', i.e. midnight, Cog. 114 . ¤oenach `black assembly', a name given to the Fair of Tailtiu held by Donnchad s. of Flann Sionna, k. of Ireland (see AU 926 ): ō Patraic co d. Dondchada maic Mailsechlainn, Dinds. 99 ( RC xvi 50 ). co dubaenach nDonnchada meic Flainn, SG ii 469 . ¤raed: inmain andord tria d. dark wood, IT i 79 . ¤recht: fri dubrechtu gentliuchtae black laws of heathenry, Hy. vii ( Thes. ii 357 ). ¤reclés name of Colum Cille's oratory at Derry, LB 237a3 . in dubreicles, AU ii 153 (` penitentiary '). teora bliadna bái cen lēss | Colum ina duibregless, RC xviii 160 ; BCC § 185 . do coir (leg. comair?) an duibreicléis, ib.; AU 1166 . ¤ mighty king: Finntan . . . Senach . . . Colman . . . tri dúibríg co ngliaid gaile, Fél. lii . ¤roén dark plain (?): ba bind mo dord dar dubráen, Imr. Brain ii 290 . black (crushing) defeat (?): rodosdedaig fo dubraen, SR 6550 . fo dubroenaib, 5558 . ¤rún dark design (?): dubrúin, TBC-I¹ 1692 . ¤rota dark pigment or liquid: do d. ┐ do gual, IT iii 191 . rofothraicit for dubrodae, Dinds. 46 ( RC xv 439 ). ¤sciath, TBC-I¹ 1795 . ¤ṡesra name of a measure, RC xv 439 ( Dinds. 46 ). ¤ṡín foul weather: nosdoirtend forro . . . in duib-sin ┐ dearrtan, Aen. 224 . la toidhecht na duibhshine geimhreta, Marco P. 36 . ? inna dubthíne, ZCP viii 313.2 . ¤ṡlán defiance, challenge: dubhshlán na Féinne fughat the F. defy thee, Oss. iv 136 . thug dubhṡlan fáoi defied, Eg. Gl. 356 . ó thug sé dúbhshlán shloigh Dé bhí defied the hosts, 1 Sam. xvii 36 . Later also dullán: do dhullan faoi I challenge you to do it, Luc. Fid. 311 ; 323 , 325 . ¤ṡluag: d. détla danarda, MR 184 . ¤ṡnechta: imat duibhshnecta teintidi `fiery dark snow', Ériu ii 136 . ¤thalam: dréchtfaid an dubh[th]alamh (sic leg. with v.l.), ZCP viii 212.1 . ¤thám: a ndul uli do dubthám that they should all die of black pestilence, Ériu iv 180 . ¤thír: as n.loc., see Hog. Onom. ¤threbtha `black husbandries' (pejor.), Triads 140 . -thredan black fast (lasting three days): co ndernsat dubthrédan, RC xii 436 . bliadan dubtredain cen dig cen biad cen cotlud, RC xv 489 . arra duibtredain, ib. ¤throscad black fast, keeping a black fast: dubthroscuth (= ieiunium atrum), Ériu vii 144 . do dubtroscad iar mór-chin, RC xv 488 . arra dubtroisct[h]e, 489 . ¤thuata: don dubhthuata ignorant layman, Eochairsg. 48 . ¤urla: each dub go nd. ndub black mane, ZCP viii 228 . As n.pr. m.: do sgur Í D., ib.

See also sections (c) and (d) under proper names below.

Dub in Proper Names. As n.pr. o, m. (allegor.): Dian ┐ D.¤ is Dothur, Metr. Dinds. iii 4 . D.¤ ┐ Dobur ┐ Doirce, BB 35a10 . Common proper name: LL 322f64 , BB 149f19 , etc. gen. Duib pass. pl. tri Duib Imlig, TBC-I¹ 1484 ; 3512 ; cuig nDuibh, MR 290 . As f.: D.¤ ingen Roduib, Dinds. 26 ( RC xv 326 ). In phr. with Finn and Donn meaning a nobody : a n-íoc Fhinn nó Duibh nó Duinn, | ná cuir inn díot 'do not abandon me ... in punishment for a [mere] Fionn or a Dubh or a Donn', Ériu lxiv 164 § 1.12 .

Also in names of animals: in D.¤ Sainglend (a horse), FB § 31 , 43 . D.¤ Esa is Dubh thuinne | dá ech Aenghuis Angluinne, Acall. 276 . Dubh Chabhlaidh, Dubh Easa, IGT Decl. § 125 . D.¤ na Cat (name of a cat), BCC § 165 . Of bells: in d.¤ díglach (name of Caillín's bell), Fen. 412 . an D.¤ duaibsech (Colum Cille's bell), BCC § 132 . in d.¤ Temrach (Ruadán's bell), LB 260b29 ; YBL 136a26 .

Very frequent with (a) follg. qualifying adj. (b) dependent noun in gen. (c) in compounds with adj. (d) in compounds with nouns. In a number of cases it is difficult to decide the class to which a name belongs. Editors tend to print all names as compounds and in MSS. Duib- somet. replaces Dub- in genuine compounds even before non-palatal initials. In the follg. the correct form, in so far as it can be determined, has been restored silently.

(a) With qual. adj. D.¤ Daingen, BB 97d46 . gen. Duib Daingin, 98c30 . Duib Déin (gen.), SG ii 468 . D.¤ Dil, AU 1072 . Duib Duind (gen.), BB 73e52 . Duib Éitig (gen.), LL 339b15 ; BB 142e36 . Duib Feil (gen.), BB 138f8 , Fheil, LL 315a24 . Duib Leisc, Rawl. 155b24 (but Oengus Dublesc (?), 13 ). Duib Udair (gen.), BB 159a23 (see dubodar under ordinary compds.). Duib Ṡalaich (gen.), LL 323d39 . Duib Salaig, BB 186b6 = = Dubalaigh, 45 .

(b) With dependent noun in gen.: D.¤ Caille, LL 314a12 ; Rawl. 122a6 . D.¤ Cailli, BB 144a41 ; gen. Duib Chaille, 120a43 . Duib Chilli (gen.), Rawl. 89f3 . D.¤ Cluana, Anecd. i 42 ; gen. Duib Cluana, BB 126b20 = Duib Cluan, LL 313c39 . D.¤ Commair, Rawl. 142a42 ; SG ii 461 . Duib Chonnacht (gen.), Rawl. 129b11 . Duib Crích (gen.), BB 130a13 . Duib Cuan (gen.), BB 143d15 . D.¤ Cuili, BB 190b14 ; gen. Duib Chuili, 86d45 . D.¤ Daire (of the oakwood), LL 325b34 ; BB 70a35 ; gen. Duib Daire, LL 333c56 . D.¤ Dara (of the oak), LL 389a34 ; RC xviii 354 (Tig.). D.¤ Darach, Rawl. 146a47 ; BB 147a38 ; gen. Duib Darach, 114c8 . D.¤ Dísirt, LL 325h19 ; Rawl. 155a39 (Dissirt). D.¤ Díthrib, BB 131a3 ; gen. Duib Dithrib, Fianaig. 52 . Duib Dithruib, Rawl. 123a17 ; LL 314b51 . D.¤ Dothra (see Dothra), BB 91b29 ; gen. Duib Dothra, 91c22 ; Rawl. 145g28 . Duib Dubni (gen.), LL 253f60 . D.¤ Dúin, LL 326a14 ; Rawl. 153a27 ; gen. Duib Dúin, 42 . D.¤ Durlais, LL 325b31 ; D.¤ Daurlais, Rawl. 159a1 ; gen. Duib Durluis, LL 340a18 ; Daurlais, Rawl. 159a28 . D.¤ Emna, AU 1053 ; LL 334a48 ; gen. Duib Emna, BB 113c9 . Duib Enaig (gen.), Rawl. 122b38 ; LL 314b13 . Duibh Esa (gen.), BB 72a25 ; Duib Essa (gen.), Rawl. 146c50 . As n.pr. f. gen. Duibhe Easa, Ériu v 64 . D.¤ Inse, Thes. ii 286.10 . Duibh Insi, AFM 814 ; indsi, 1032 ; gen. Duib Innse, BB 168a18 , ¤indse, 72b24 . ¤indsi, Rawl. 146d17 . D.¤ Lacha (f.), LL 330c61 ; BB 166a2 ; accus. Duib Lacha, 4 ; gen. Duibe Lacha, Imr. Brain i 58 ; Duibe lacho, Rawl. B. 512, 119a . D.¤ Lasra, Rawl. 151b29 . D.¤ Lenna, Rawl. 156a11 . D.¤ Lis, 127a20 . D.¤ Railbe, BB 115e14 ; AU 1130 ; gen. Duib Railbe, BB 76a14 . Dub Railbhe, 115e14 . D.¤ Rois, BB 155a19 , 182a4 ; D.¤ Ruis, 150b21 ; LL 190a9 ; gen. Duib Rois, BB 114f49 . Duib Sléibe (gen.), LL 340a50 , Rawl. 129b19 . D.¤ Sligi, BB 191a39 ; gen. Duib Sligi, 74c8 . Dubh Teamhrach inghean Bhriain, 3 C 13, 880.13 ; gen. Duibhe T., 884.4 . D.¤ Tíre, LL 327g2 , BB 149d24 ; gen. Duib Tire, 158b11 . Duib thuinne (gen.), LL 335h19 , Rawl. 161b48 . Duib Uindsenn (gen.), BB 72c8 ; Duibh Uinsenn (gen.), Rawl. 146d35 . Oft. folld. by gen. dual (see ZCP xiv 271 - 2 , xx 167-73 ): Dub Da Bairenn, Rawl. 117d53 ; Boirenn, LL 382c5 ; gen. Duib Da Bairenn, Rawl. 150a26 , b17 etc. (Davoren). Dub Da Barc, BB 147a34 ; gen. Duib D. B., 146d8 . D.¤ Da Braine, Rawl. 141b35 ; gen. Duib D. B., 159a24 . D.¤ Da Chell, LL 324c33 ; gen. Duib D. Ch., 340a40 . Duib Da Colman (gen.), BB 144b4 ; Duib De (sic Facs.) Cholmáin (gen.), LL 324c59 . D.¤ Dá Chrich, LL 315a29 ; gen. Duib D. Ch., 32 , Rawl. 91d37 . Duib Da Doss (gen.), Rawl. 159b31 . D.¤ Dá Inber, TFrag. 90 . D.¤ Da Letha, SR 2361 ; D.¤ D. Lethe, LL 42c44 ; D.¤ D. Lethi, 25b10 ; gen. Duib Da Lethi, LL 327e32 , Rawl. 146e20 ; D.¤ D. Leithe, 153b33 . D.¤ Da Muige, LL 328d45 ; gen. Duib Da Maige, Rawl. 160a32 . Duib Da Subne, (gen.), Rawl. 150a39 ; Dub De (sic Facs.) Subne (gen.), LL 326c8 . D.¤ Dá Thond, LL 317b44 ; gen. Duib D. Th., 341a45 . D.¤ Da Tuath, LL 381b25 ; gen. Duib Da Thuath, 33 , Rawl. 159a45 . D.¤ Da Thuile, Rawl. 159a1 ; gen. Duib Da Thuili, 26 .

(c) In compds. with adj. Dubchroin (gen.), LL 313a22 . Dubfinn (f.), SG ii 487 . Duibinn, Cóir Anm. 62 ; gen. Duibinne, Duibne, ib. Dubgorm (Dub Gorm?), BB 104b48 . Dublachtna, LL 150b12 ; Rawl. 150b35 ; gen. Dublachtnai, LL 326i13 , Duiblachtnai, 337b46 (Dub Lachtna?). Dubóc, Rawl. 159a29 ; LL 340a11 ; BB 156a1 ; gen. id., LL 317a32 (Dub Óc? Dimin. of Dub?).

With adj. derived from nouns: Dubbronach, LL 318b12 . ¤dálach, Hy Fiach. 126 (family name). ¤dartach: gen. Dubdartaig, O'Gr. Cat. 645 . ¤dúnach, ¤dúinech: gen. Duibduinig, LL 352h27 = Duibdunaigh, BB 223e22 . ¤ṡínach (cf. dubṡín foul weather under ordinary compds.): gen. Duibsinaich, Rawl. 146g29 ; BB 113a49 . ¤ṡlatach, BB 94b31 ; gen. Dubslataigh, 41 ; Duibslataich, Rawl. 153b17 .

(d) In compds. with nouns. With proper name: Dubaed, Ardm. 19a1 ( Thes. ii 365 ). Dubconda, LL 326c57 ; gen. Duibchonna, 325c14 (D.¤ Chonda?). ¤chonnad (cf. Condad, Connad, Contribb.): gen. Duibchonnaid, LL 340a39 . Dubchormac, LL 326d , with note: ab hoc nomine vocatus est ideo quod pater eius obiit nascente illo. Propter memoriam mortis patris eius vocatus est Duchormac . Dubchrimthann, LL 321e63 . m. Cuirc Duibechach, 326a38 . ? Dubindrecht, Rawl. 159a41 ; Dubinrecht, 165b15 ; LL 327c24 ; gen. Dubinrecht, LL 325b13 ; Rawl. 146a22 . Duibindrecht, 150b15 , 30 . Duibinrecht, LL 321b56 ? m. Erca Dublugdech, LL 327e46 .

With other nouns: Dubainech, Rawl. 160b11 ; ? gen. húa Dubanich , RC xviii 368 . Dubchend (see under ordinary compds.), LL 323a6 ; Dubcenn, Rawl. 152b55 ; Duibcind, BB 183b46 ; Duibcinn, LL 391b15 ; Duibgend, BB 183b39 , ¤genn, 118b48 ; ¤ginn, LL 389b7 ; gen. Duibcind, Rawl. 153a56 ; Duibcinn, 1 ; Duibgind, RC xviii 337 (Tig.). Later Duibhgheann; gen. ¤ghinn, Keat. iv . Dubchrob: gen. Duibchruib, LL 327e11 . ? Dubchertan: Duibhceartan, CF 13 ; gen. Dubchertain, LL 373a30 . Dubchu, BB 76b16 ; gen. Dubchon, 18 . Duibdeochain (gen.), Fél. p. 48 ; Rawl. 89f2 = Duibdechoin, LL 351a8 . Duibdiberg (gen.), Rawl. 146c42 ; ¤dibeirg, BB 145b17 . Duibeoin (gen.), BB 141d37 , 142d28 . Dubétan, Laud 610, 105b1 ; gen. Duibedain, BB 110b38 . Dubgall (see under ordinary compds.), LL 41c66 , Rawl. 140a33 . Dubgilla, LL 40b9 ; BB 122b36 ; gen. Dubgillai, LL 314c57 , 323g55 ; Duibgillai, BB 70b48 . Dubgoband (gen.), LL 369d32 . Dublaech, BB 142a39 ; ¤laich, 74a33 ; gen. Dublaich, 49b42 . Dubloingsigh (gen.), BB 71a8 . Duibgen, BB 83a5 , 88d50 . Dubgilcach, LL 319c53 ; ZCP viii 304.19 (but Dub Gilcaich, Rawl. 148a43 ). Dubgus, Rawl. 160b48 ; gen. Dubgosa, BB 160a1 . Dublitir (dat.), Thes. ii 287.32 . Dublitter, LL 360d52 . Dublittir, AU 735 ; gen. Dublitri, LL 360c26 . Duiblitrech, ZCP iii 17 , 20 ( Rawl. 68b15 , 76a4 ). Dubluachair, LL 382a21 ; Rawl. 128a15 ; gen. Dubluachair, ib. Dubhluachra, LL 382a23 . Dubneim, BB 157b37 . Dubrind, LL 314c21 ; gen. Dubrind, 57 . Duibrind, Rawl. 123f8 (D.¤ Rind?). Duibruip (gen.), Rawl. 154d48 ; BB 160a14 . Dubroith (gen.), Lism. L. xxxi . Dubṡlat ` black rod ', BB 83a5 = Dublat, 82a30 , Dubslait, RC xvii 142 . Dubsloit, AU 554 . ¤ṡloit, CS 558 . Perh. also Duibdirma (gen.), Rawl. 146b43 ; BB 73d39 ; and Duibdligid (gen.), BB 232b6 ; Rawl. 94b48 ; Fél. p. 48 ( Duibligid, LL 351a7 ).

1 eochair, echair

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 eochair, echair or dil.ie/20138

Forms: eochrach, eochrach, eochrocha, eachracha, eochra

n i, k, f. g s. eochrach, ZCP v 495.25 (17th cent. MS.). n p. eochrach, Triads 204 . eochrocha, Rev. i 18 . eachracha, IGT, Decl. ex. 894 . eochra, ZCP xiii 372.18 . a key:

(a) in lit. sense: eochair an ghlais = clavim Todd Lect. v 14.2 . eochair na cuilne = clavis coquinae 76.10 . co scrinaib ilardaib...co n-eochraib do erslocud cach ai, Hib. Min. 7.226 (= clavibus 89.12 ). bái airecol...hi tóib thige...dobreth dó a echuir (echair, eochair v.l.); atnoilc, Imr. Brain i 53.18 (LU). a shealbthoir mallachda eochrach ifrind , YBL 152b18 . rodhéchsad for poll na heochrach the keyhole ZCP v 495.25 = Mart. Don. 254.15 . glass ro hiadad d'eochair ZCP vi 271.12 .

(b) Metaph. clue, solution, explanation, guide, means of access: ata eochair saingnusta re cach psalm .i. a titul, Hib. Min. 7.228 . eochair chéille coistecht ... eochair ecna umla ZCP vi 270 § 1 . tri heochracha aroslicet imráitiu: mescca, tairisiu, serc, Triads 204 . seacht seathracha nimhe ar nemh | eachracha cridhe an Choimdhedh, IGT, Decl. ex. 894 . eochracha na hairdríghe key-defences Ir. Monthly 1920, 424 . eochoir leasa `key of profit' GF, Studies 1918, 98 . fíon nach eochair uaille aniugh | fuair ...aimsior wine which is now no source of elation Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 30 § 7 . Of divination: foillsighthir do triana eochraib écsi IT i 129.23 . ro iarfacht Conn dond filid ┐ robui side icc scrūtan co n-écetar a eochra eccsi dou, ZCP xiii 372.18 .

pn Of persons: eochair na flatha némdai (of Peter) PH 1639 . da eochair gascid Gædel (of two warriors) TBC-LL¹ 3771 (dá euchraid ┐ dá chridiscél thuascirt in betha, of Castor and Pollux, TTr.² 69 , may belong to this). in eochair foslaicthe gacha healadna (of Cicero), CCath. 4493 . a eochair bhalsaim cheana Séarluis O key of the balsam of Charles's favour! Ó Bruad. i 54.4 .

Cf. tipra Patraic. Slán a ainm. fufrith and nuuechuir (nuaechuir v.l.) Patraic `P.'s new key' Trip. 164.4 (a plant-name ?). COMPD. Eochair-sciath key-shield: Eochair-sgiath an Aifrinn, title of a work by Keating, rendered `Explanatory Defence of the Mass' by the editor (1898 ed.). san seachtmhadh caibidil déag d'Eochair-sgéith an Aifrinn, TSh. 4460 .

2 glór

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 glór or dil.ie/26142
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: glóir

n (glár) o, m., n s. also glóir (: cōir), SR 1368 . glór glár, masc., IGT Decl. § 96 . voice, sound, noise : no labraidis na ceithri tre glor ndaenda, CCath. 886 . Cf. AFM i 296.2 . ar nglór eissídh `our discordant voices,' Studies 1921, 589 § 7 . a Ferguis ... coi[sc] do glór ndúr, SG 240.37 . Adér do ghlár (: lár) mheanmnach mhear, IGT Decl. ex. 1722 . In company with guth : ní raibhi ... guth ná glór | is-tigh acht uch is ochón, Ériu iv 118 § 29 . do ṡaine gloir ┐ gotha, CCath. 1616 ; 2769 . go romheabhaidh for a ghlor ┐ for a ghuth, AFM vi 2288.1 . Cf. blór .i. guth no glór, O'Cl. g s. Gaill glóir `the loud-voiced foreigners,' Arch. Hib. ii 73 § 52 ( LL 184a48 ). pl. crichid class, co ngloraib cruth, SR 597 . glóir budh aoibhne rem aigneadh voices, TD 36.4 . Of speech, utterance : do dánacht gloir ocus do boccacht urlabra, CCath. 5019 . Of Nesta : iss eside bá gaithe glór ┐ ba cintigi comairle, TTr. 1772 ( LL 240b23 ). ag indisin a gloir ┐ a chomraith fein, TTebe 1157 . leinbhín fa glic nglóir, Acall. 633 . cuire genmnaidh ba bec glár (: lár), SG 23.5 . do rāidhius ris ... | begān glōir do budh mōr neimh, ZCP viii 223 § 12 . ce dubh a ghlór (gl. a chaint), v 483 § 5 (B. na Filed). glór gan adhmoille `speech without slowness,' Top. Poems 24.13 . uirsgeál ... | do ghlór an sgrioptúir an sgéal from the Scripture the story is, Dán Dé v 22 . niór chanas ... glór ribh acht do reacht leabhar, Content. xxiv § 23 . glár budh iomnáir d'aithris, xx § 12 ; xxv § 3 . gach glór ... do ráidh every utterance of hers, TD 39.4 . deacair srian re baothghlór mban, 21.27 . pl. glórtha an té atá a n-édothchus, Job vi 26 . In unflattering sense gabbling, talkativeness (?) : glōr (one of the 15 tokens of a bad woman), ZCP viii 113.22 . Adv. d'oin-ghlór unanimously : ag a rádh d'aon-ghlór, Keat. iii 3194 . Cf. ba hē aonghlór na sochraite unanimous utterance, ZCP xiv 223.11 . Of sound or noise in general : tairm ocus glor na sochaide do cloistin, Laws iii 202.7 Comm. glór tarbhach do dhéanamh réna theangaidh, TSh. 7413 . glór na ndiabhal the din raised by the demons, 6711 . Of the note of birds : d'upthaib ban, na (sic leg.) do glór en, PH 7316 . Keat. ii 5446 . Of the elements and of inanimate things : glór na gáethi tresin sín, LL 298a23 ( SG 366.21 ). sniges risin Gairb a glór, 22 . teach ... tré nach cuireann gaoth a glór, DDána 119 § 25 . muir ... can anad da glór ┐ da gredan, TTebe 4471 . re gloraib na srian aca n-imnastad `the sounds of the bridles,' TTebe 2332 . Fig.= fame (?) : allud a deig-[g]loir, AU i 442.17 . g s. Loch Gabair in glóir famed, Ériu x 77 § 15.

Compds. ¤binn sweet-voiced : Mlaise ... glorbinn, SG 32.10 . BB 427a37 . ¤bresmaidm noisy crash : gredon ┐ glor-bresmaidm na mbuiden, TTebe 2808 . ¤cendais gentle-voiced , BB 427b8 . ¤dorcha of unintelligible utterance : fá dhanaraibh gruama glórdhorcha, TD 34.37 . ¤gáibthech terrible-sounding : garbh-eas glór-gháibhtheach, CF 241 . (Eg.). ¤gáir loud (or clear ?) cry, CCath. 2230 (v.l.). ¤gal shouting (?) LL 4a38 . ¤gargg rough-spoken : docer Fergal ... lasin nglórgargg, LL 133a10 . ¤gasta ready of speech : Goll g., Duan. F. i 11.25 . ¤glonnach (or 1 glór ?) noisy (of the sea) : cumgeba a grith glorglonnach, SR 8107 . ¤grith noise, clamour : ro choisc glorgrith na habond, TBC-LL¹ 3906 St. ¤málla soft spoken, TD 18.34 . ¤medrach cheerful-voiced : siol Gaoidhil gloirmeadhraigh, Top. Poems 6.2 . ¤meirtnech listless-voiced : a Ifrind glormeirtnich, YBL 151b31 . ¤naoi pleasant-voiced , Dánta Gr. 70.28 .

imnedach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. imnedach or dil.ie/27983

Forms: imnedchu

adj (imned) o, ā

I sorrowful, afflicted, miserable; troublesome, baleful: me ... líath nocht trog i.¤ , LU 1245. im dílgud a chinad do eoin tróg i.¤ , ZCP viii 177.2 . robóisium i.¤ i tossuch a bethad is é a óenur foracbad da chenéul in hErinn, LL 51a39 . clann imneadach Ádhoimh the afflicted children of Adam, Ériu iv 114 § 16. Étáin imtechtach imnedhach atrúal (.i. ro fhulaing mór ngaibhthi), ZCP v 524.22 . "miol-si imneduch eim" ol se "┐ ro ba hi gach richt" I am a miserable wight and was so in every form, IT iii 241.193 . imthechta imnidacho (sic) eim ar n-imtecta-ne, IT iii 237.82 . a Ḟind imnedaigh O Finn beset by troubles, Fianaig. 84.2 . is mé in fer i.¤ (of the devil), Fél. 154.15 . · is e scailfess diabulchumachta iffirn imnedaig `he it is that shall scatter the diabolical powers of distressful hell,' Todd Lect. vi 69.7 . Ulchan uruadach gaba imneadach ifrin `Hell's woeful smith,' TTebe 758 . co dorus n-imnidach n-uruadach n-ifrind , 599 . rufuirmeastar beim do chind i.¤ na flesci `he laid a stroke of the lethal end of the wand,' 605 . i.¤ dano cach ráth `troublesome is every security.' Triads 30.12 . ciabo bidbu i.¤ ní imgen m' oenur, LL 119a26 . do cloinn Caidhín imnegaidh (: deghaidh) (referred to previously as síl Caidhín colaigh), KMMisc. 318.5 .

Compar. ata imnedchu `that are more full of trouble,' Ml. 57a6 .

Adv. docuaidh dha iarraid co himnidheach (MS. himnibhach) aithmhelach. Ériu ii 82.22 . ro duiscc ... an righ ... go huttmall imnedhach, BNnÉ 324 § 38.

II As subst. dochuaid an t-imnedach asa radharc the man of tribulations i.e. the devil, Anecd. ii 12.7 . diamba diansaraighthi ba himnedhach neirce (? leg. inéirce) é he was an afflicted person fit for payment of an eric-fine, (?), O'Curry 2627 (< Eg. 88, fo. 53 (54)c ).

oslaicid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. oslaicid or dil.ie/34069
Last Revised: 2019

Forms: asoilgi, asoilge, asoilg, asoilgg, asoelc, atn-oilc, adrolaic, arosailci, foslaicid, oslaic-, oscail-, oslucud, oslaicther

v ī, enclitic form of od-ess-lēic-, Pedersen Vgl. Gr. ii 563 ; in O.Ir. the preverbs are inverted in orthotonic forms: 3 s. pres. asoilgi, Corm. 26.22 = asoilge, Corm. Y 803. 3 s. pret. asoilg, TBC-LL¹ 394 . asoilgg, 396 . asoelc, Ériu iii 140.178 . atn-oilc, LU 11025 . Cf. 3 s. perf. adrolaic, LU 9103 = FB 85 (ad- for ess-). The 3 s. pret. -forslaic, Trip. 82.1 , SR 7399 , -farslaic, 7319 may represent the vb. arosailci (ar-od-ess-lēic-).

In Mid.Ir. treated as a simple vb., occas. with prosthetic f foslaicid; later through metathesis oslaic- > oscail- (see osclaid). vn. oslucud.

(a) opens : dobreth dó a echuir; atnoilc, LU 11025 . īadais indala sūil ... asoilg alaile, TBC-I¹ 394 . oslacid a scrín, PH 1080. ónd úair oslaices Héli in lebor, FA 33. hoslaic róm dorus Parduis!, SR 1270. cia oslac rót though I open to thee, 1273 = cia oslaicer, LB 111a9 = MacCarthy 54.3 (depon. form). in tan ra oslaici-siu in ṁbossan, LL 251b13 ( TBFr. 338 ), cf. ZCP iv 44.9 . ro foslaic in chathair, Ériu ii 24 § 6 (f added later). ro fhoslaigset . . . in dorus, Aen. 2264. pass. oslaicther dún dond archon, TBC-LL¹ 1006 . co n-oslaictea dorus ithfrin and in uair sin, Laws i 6.12 (text). ro hoslaicit clusala ifrind , TTebe 1657 . Intrans.: oslaigid . . . fuindeoga esca as aeoir, ACL iii 244 y . ro oslaic in talam, TTebe 2941 . Fig. asoilge laith lochbronda ale un- locks dark breasts, Corm. Y 803.

(b) lets loose, releases , with DE (DO) of pers., the orig. obj. (bonds, prison, etc.) being omitted: oslaicet aingil Dé dib let . . . release them, PH 2208. is do-side ro oslaic angeal whom the angel set free, Cog. 18.1 . ro foslaiced dib ar cind a n-etire, RC xviii 164.25 . With acc.: ro lil in doíri sin forsna cellaib conda-forslaic Nuada `till N. released them', Trip. 82.1 . dian- forslaic angel Dé | a cosraib, a cumrigib, SR 7399 , cf. 7319 .

rímaire

Cite this: eDIL s.v. rímaire or dil.ie/50451
Last Revised: 2019

n io, m. (1 rím) one who counts or calculates; computist : is airi is assu lasna rímairu di huáir deac namma du thesbuith dligud slán salto 'wherefore it seems easier to the computers that the sound law of the leap (is) that only twelve hours are wanting', Thes. ii 10.8 . mo rī rindbalc ro ír sein, | do rindnacht do rīmirib it is my king of strong heavenly bodies who granted that, it was handed down by computists, SR (Greene) 123 . ni thainic riam rimaire ... rothoimsed airdi ifrind , Lec. 172a32 . adeir aroile do rimairib nach roibi inti acht trī cēt ocus trī bliadna sechmogat, ITS xliv 208 § 505 .

selbthóir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. selbthóir or dil.ie/50502
Last Revised: 2019

n i, m. (selb) an owner, a holder : a shealbthóir mallachda eochrach Ifrind 'accursed possessor of the key of Hell', Stair Nic. 40.790 . See also selbatóir.

1 toimsid, toimsigid

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 toimsid, toimsigid or dil.ie/41223
Last Revised: 2013

Forms: tomsid, tomsigid, tomaisid

Denominative vbb. from tomus, q.v. Also tomsid, tomsigid, tomaisid, etc.

I

(a) Trans. measures: toirsech mo rosc, crīn mo chrē | ō rothoimsed fē fri Flann `nachdem man Flann mit der Rute gemessen hat,' Bruchst. § 119 . rothoimsed (sic leg.) fe | fri cnes rígḟer, Metr. Dinds. iii 186.53 . fae crand o tomaister uag, LL 161a marg. ni triit tarsnu toimsideir, SR 172 . fris toimsidir dath a ball | soillsidir óen na retlann, 1901 . lethet a thened fri dá míle déc cubat tomsithir, LU 2108 (FA). ni tarsna tomustar `it is not in diameter it is measured,' Laws i 28.26 . iar na airdbe cutrumu graine frisi tomister ordlach, ii 252.1 . isamlaid dano doroimsi Patraic ind fertai, Trip. 236.20 . in medh i tomaister in tór ... in cerd ra thomais ar dus he, O'D. 2410 ( Rawl. B 506, fo. 52c ). is maith in coire asatoimsidhther, Anecd. v 27 n. 21 . toimsit[h]er [rottomsed, v.l.] in fidchell, Death-tales of the Ulster heroes 24 § 3 . cia lestar i tomaister ind airmeadsa, YBL 165b14 . is tú do tóimse neam ót bois, LB 230a53 . cuiris M. a troigh for muinel an rígh ┐ ro thomhais an rí dia troightibh, BNnÉ 292 y . is andsin ro tomais Conalleclais do Día `pensabat,' Lat. Lives 22.3 . ro toimsit deich n-uingi fichet do dergór dó, Mer. Uil. 125 . sechto frise tomsighter gaideilcc, O'Gr. Cat. 105.19. domiter alta uadh frí halta daine .i. toimsigter alta an airchetail fri halta duine amal toimsigtir fri gach n-indsge, Auraic. 4601 . in tan ba roscadh na tomaiste and, cindas nothomhsidhe, Auraic. 928 = intan ba rosgad no tomusti and cibindas notomhusti, 3857 . ni thainic riam rimaire ... rothoimsed airdi ifrind , Lec. 172a32 . toimsit na teachta fundaimint in tige, a fod, a lethet, a himthacmhac, Fl. Earls 118.26 . toimhseach .i. treabh ... da dtoimhsdi cíos, O'Cl. toimheosuidh mé a ccédobair iona mbrollach, Isaiah lxv 7 . cibé tomhas dobéarthaoi uaibh, an céadna thomhaisfidhear dhaoibh `remetietur vobis,' TSh. 4940 . Figuratively: crann do thomhais Mac Muire, DDána 54.27 . Hence traverses: do thomhais fionnmhuir, Studies 1940, 113 § 17 .

(b) Intrans. measures: claideb mor ... tricha traiged no tomaiss, RC xiv 404 § 10.

(c) estimates, conjectures, guesses: mēid ro thoimsis fēin rofes, ZCP viii 268 § 43 . is é rotoimsedh cach ndicelta, Dinds. 21 . cethri tomadmann, tomsid, | hi flaith Fhiachach, Metr. Dinds. iii 460.21 . do thomais co togha trénláidir a tennbuilli tri táebaibh na trénmíled, Comp. CC 120.2 . an triúr le dtoimhsi a bhean Bríain | ré Cliaigh do-gheabh toimhsi in trír, IGT Decl. ex. 1356 . tomais cia misi, O'Gr. Cat. 331.10. toimhsigh cia ar a dtarla thí, Aithd. D. 28.13 . a ánruidh truaigh, tomhais dúin | gá fuil do-chuaidh fad chéadúir, DDána 50.12 .

1 úir

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 úir or dil.ie/43032

Forms: úir, úr, úir, fú, úir, úi, úir, úra, húraib, uir

n f. and m. n s. (a) ind úir , LU 4942 . Ériu ii 202 § 20 . (b) úr (ó dhá chēill) m., IGT, Decl. § 96 (g s. úir). PBocht 27.29 . fú, O'Dav. 866 ( Ériu xiii 24 ). v s. a úir , Studies 1922, 585 § 7 . a d s. úi, Wb. 13d3 . LU 4734 . LL 4b37 . IGT, Decl. ex. 1735 , ex. 1754 . g s. úir, Fél. Prol. 128 . Matthew xiii 5 . n p. úra, SG 33.7 . d p. húraib, ZCP viii 313.27 . See also exx. below.

Mould, earth, clay, soil : n s. in uir (gl. humus), Ir. Gl. 578 . ūr. i. trēide fordingair : ūr cētamus .i. talam, Corm. Y 1270 . mūr .i. mō a úr .i. a talam, 910 . ur .i. talum, O'Dav. 1611 . cf. tathbongar fúr, fuinter arbhar, Ériu xiii 24.11 ( fúr .i. talam, ut est tathbongar fúr, O'Dav. 866 ) donní is tellus ur, talam, Laws i 66.5 . oir robi foirbrethach fur .i. nocha gnath gu ngabann se talam gurab forbartach uir ime .i. co ro foirbrister a uir a nuir aile, O'Curry 2237 (< Eg. 88 f. 17 (18)b ). uir mín `fine clay,' Laws iv 86.21 Comm. conidnacca issin chlud ┐ ro boí ind úir imbi do cach leth día diclith, LU 4942 . doberar uir ┐ grian ┐ clocha forsin monai, 10815 (= Ériu xii 178 ). dorat cul fri clotha | cen bes uir im clacha, BB 299a24 (leg. úr ?). siladh clann, ur lesium sin, ar is i uir in talman dogni silad na clann cuirtir inti, Auraic. 5652 . ceann riamh dár bh'aoinpheall an úr, PBocht 27.29 . a d s. doire a cummisc ar úir (gl. seminatur in ignobilitate), Wb. 13d3 . lelgatár ... da ech Con C. in n-úir co rrici na clocha, LU 4734 . fogeltat ... fér co húir TBC-LL¹ 551 . foclass a búrach dó, is inund sōn ┐ focheird úir da luib taris (of a bull), TBC-LL¹ 1491 . fócerddetar in n-úir thairsiu, 6145 . cuid dá chlúimh ó eón do an | ar reódh re húir mur ḟuasgladh, IGT, Decl. ex. 1469 . cotomélani in fer sin a óenur ar úir ┐ grían, LU 8700 ( FB 52 ). cf. coto-mélat ar múr ┐ grían, LU 5558 . na cotlad nococomraiced a thoeb fri húir noicht, Three Hom. 122.21 (= ria húir nocht, Lism. L. 1093 ). for úir luimm ┐ cloch fó chind, Trip. 484.12 . lán in dela de úir, LL 30c39 (= lán na telach di úir, Dinds. 1 § 31 ). fuarutar folliuchta beca isin uir ic dorus ... na huama, PH 6330 . úr dind húir a Themis, ZCP viii 313.29 . ní biaidh ith i n-úir ... don bás hísin, ZCP viii 111.24 . fa úir na huaighe, Ir. Monthly 1922, 156 § 34 ( DDána p. 127 ). ní ḟás luibh a húir fan orluinn, TD 11.11 . g s. ó luid i lloc n-úire `into a place of mould' (i.e. the grave), Fél. Prol. 128 . míl úre worms , ib. Ep. 219 . a techt i nhúire adba `that they should go into the abode of clay' (i.e. the grave), Fianaig. 10 § 8 . cf. adbae othna ... .i. adba uire ┐ cloiche, Corm. Y 80 . a mbreith a ndúrthech n-úre, Ir. Review 1912, 248 ( Lec. [347b ]). brat fuar is adhbhadh úire, A. Ó Dálaigh xxxviii 5 . ó do claidhedh cladh úire ar Ceithern, TBC-LL¹ 4463 (St). tardúth úire for sleibe garba combtar maige fo scothaib, LL 6b18 . dorn úire `a handful of clay' Metr. Dinds. iv 86 . tucsat fo tuinn uill uire | co nduire a ndruim fri daeine, ZCP vi 265 § 19 . im diubu nuire `for digging a churchyard,' Laws i 202.1 . a bhḟearann chlochach mar nach raibhe mórán uíre aige, Matthew xiii 5 . In plant-name : leo úire mezereon, spurge : see ACL i 342 . Hogan Luibhl. 115 . cf. fil dún ó thossuch dúle | cen áiss, cen foirbthe n-úre, Imr. Brain § 44 . n p. itt ē side húra dolēicthe hi Temair, ZCP viii 313.28 . a p. is aire tucsan na taisi ┐ na húra sin illé, SG 33.7 . Rí ro delb ... hura co derb im thalmain, SR 38 (= uir in talman, Laws i 26.25 Comm. ). d p. dollotar ... co nhúraibh cathrach Themis leó, ZCP viii 313.27 .

Special and figurative uses : úir cheiníl kindly soil : giodh ar deighshíl Duin (MS Dun, et sic leg.) na nGall | ni húir cheinil sa gcongbhand, Irish Texts ii 105.15 (cf. cré cheiníl, e.g., IGT, Decl. ex. 1600 ).

Followed by defining gen. (of place) : tar uir nAi, O'Dav. 102 . in t-áenmacc rig is fearr tāruill úir Érenn riam, ZCP viii 111.12 . gan tadhall ar úir nÉirionn, TD 36.10 . mar tṡaltraim ar úr Indse | acmhainn mo ṡúl ṡilimse, IGT, Decl. 1735 . faithche ... an dúin ..., | úir Pharthais nó a haithghin í, TD 11.10 . Ground : lecit uile a ngluine ┐ a cinn fria huir `floor,' Marco P. 85 . This seems the original meaning in : techt le nimh tnúith dom thinnmhe | fá úir libh ní leigfimne, 23 L 17, 150a § 11 (`unpunished' Content. p. 104 n.3 ). Cf. fo lár i dteannta póite ag ól na gcuach go húr draining to the bottom (?), Hackett xxxvii 2 . Here perh. : dobér-sa tré Dia na ndúl ainim it' eachaibh co húr, SG 26.35 , but cf. 2 úr.

Freq. of the grave (with i n-, or fo ; téit i n-, fo, do) : daine i n-úir, TBC-LL¹ 5641 (St). co fárcbad ... | hÍr in n-úir ... Sceillic, Ériu iv 138.2 . do bhí ós chách is é i n-úir (i.e. Christ), DDána 38.25 . do luigh san úir is do iompó, 20.40 . iar mbás do éirigh ón úir, 38.3 . an triath-ḟlaith i n-úir, Keat. Poems 512 . glúin as uaisle don ḟeadhain | uaim-se fa úir Oirbhealaigh, A. Ó Dálaigh lii 46 . do-beir i n-úir brings into the grave, kills : Uargháoth do rad slóigh a n-úir, Duan. F. i 52.51 . With téit, etc.: Ladru ... isé cetna marb dochoid fo úir Herenn, LL 4b37 . isé cetna epscop dochoid fó úir nErend, Trip. 242.18 . is and luid i n-úir in rí | i n-amsir duir Darcelli, 532.20 . atágur dul i n-úir n-úair, Ériu i 68.7 . seabhac na seabhac ... | do dhul i n-úir i dtúis na hóige, O'Rah. xv 16 . a dhul don úir, is dubhach na scéalta, xiv 34 . dochuaid Hiruath in n-uir ┐ a n-ifrind , YBL 137a32 (= etir ūir ┐ ifrinn, ZCP iii 227.11 ). tá gliadar is siansa na n-éan go ciúin | ó thriallais a Dhiarmaid Uí Laoghaire i n-úir, O'Rah. xxii 216 . See also under g s. above.

ó doradadh úir tar Aedh since A. was buried , ACL iii 304 iii § 7 . uir aniuil tarut hi forcend do sheta `foreign mould over thee at the end of thy way' (i.e. after thy death), LB Fél. p. clxxxv 6 . nach óen tarsa raga úir (v.l. hur) inna hinnsi hitá nicon aidlefa a ainm pé[i]n n-iffirn, who shall be buried there , Ériu ii 202 § 20 .

oil úir : iomdha leacht ... iomdha o.u. san eingse `monument' Ir. Monthly 1921, 327 § 2 ( DDána p. 302 ). See 3 oil.

Fig. stock, nature : is tú an chraobh do ḟás dar n-úir, DDána 19.15 . a chroinn 's a ḟréamh a húir Éabha O tree whose roots are from Eve's stock , DDána 43.11 . a río-luibh d'úir na n-aingeal (to Christ), A. Ó Dálaigh xxxix 20 .

The material of the human body, hence a creature, a human being : níor ghein úr eile mar í (of Mary), A. Ó Dálaigh ii 7 . Cf. : a úir bhríoghmhar bhuadha `O mighty soil of virtue,' Studies 1922, 585.7 . a úir is airde ná neamh | a bhean rúin Ríogh na n-aingeal `creature of clay,' Ir. Monthly 1921, 376 § 38 ( DDána p. 260 ). Cf. daonnacht Mic Dé bhí is cnáimh dár gcnáimh | a chré is í ar n-úir, PBocht 2.2 . úir gan taradh cré mo chalann, TSh. 3314 (quot.).