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bec

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bec or dil.ie/5512
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: lugimen, beag

adj o, ā small, little, of size, quantity, extent, physical and moral: b.¤ quasi ec ebraice paru[u]s interpretatur, , Corm. Y 151. duine beg gl. homunculus, Ir. Gl. 436. magnus et minus . . . mor ┐ beg, Auraic. 676. natat beca gl. non parua, Ml. 18b6 . cid na olc mb.¤ `even any little evil', 35d9 . atá debe m[b]ec nand, 40a20 . ma beth na galar b.¤ for corp duini, Thes. ii 245.34 (Cambr.). na brithemnachta becca `petty judgements', Wb. 9c8 . both b.¤ gl. umbraculo, Ml. 100c21 . inna mmacc ṁbecc, 123b12 . cid b.¤ cid már gl. quantitas, Sg. 28b7 . immar fa b.¤ `whether it be great or small', 73a16 . huan suidiu biuc gl. modica sesione, Ml. 135a14 . o aimsir bicc `for a little time', Wb. 5c2 . is becc rand aos túate ┐ lucht na sencheld mór ucut `the laity and the people of the great old churches yonder are of little worth', Mon. Tall. 137.4 nibo b.¤ in tech, Sc.M² 5. fri ré iúbili bicci .i. uii mbliadna, LU 4044. cansit ceól mb.¤ , LU 3274 ( SCC 7 ). ar thoirsi in meic bic do chosc, MU² 186. atchi tenid mbic `a little fire', RC xxiii 418.25 . id-bert an laoidh mbig si ann, ML² 1151. b.¤ cech glōr is cech gredan, Bruchst. i 62 § 143. dogní na briathra beca sa (of some lines of rhetoric), SG 371.18 . faillsighis . . . doibh-siumh an talamh mbiucc dia mbattar iarraidh .i. tir thairrngire, BNnÉ 77 § 148 . lethad baisi bigi (of a measure of bread), ZCP vi 286.10 . beag nglóire thú i dtalmhain (lit.) small as regards glory, Dán Dé viii 13 (but ex. may belong to subst. use below). más beag mór ar mbéim `all our sins, great and small', Aithd. D. 85.2 . ní fhuil dá éis dom scéimh acht scáil bheag, Keat. Poems 516. do chrích Banbha is beag re maoidheamh `small credit to B.', Aithd. D. 28.6 . b.¤ b.¤ very small, Ériu v 22.21 . becc nāt beg `not too tiny', K. and H. 10 (See Bull. Board of Celt. Stud. xxiv (1972) 484).

Compar. and superl. supplied by root *lug (cf. ). b.¤ ┐ lugum ┐ lugusomh, Auraic. 659. Compar. laugu (sic leg. laugi, MS), Wb. 6b12 . lugu, 16c26 , Ml. 23a13 . laigiu, 17c7 , Sg. 120b2 . lugha gl. minor, Ir. Gl. 1115. dleagait mic leigind . . . saire ada lugu a free status that is less (than that of higher-ranking men of letters), Laws v 102.6 . gnim nad lugu smacht for which the penalty is not less, IT i 70.19 . co nar ba luga hí . . . oltás orcc cránai it was no smaller than a young pig, PH 7210. ni lugu is machtnaigthi lim-sa I have no less reason to marvel, 1758 . gerba lugu d'ais ┐ do airrdi in gilla sin `of lesser age and height', TTebe 393 . Scotia Minor nó Scotia ba lugha, Keat. ii 5797. With DE: combad lugaite a nert i n-agid ríg Lagen that their strength might be the less, LL 6423. his laugudi a pennit, Ériu vii 154 § 2. ba lugaide a galarsom ón do suidiu `thus his sickness was alleviated', Ériu xii 166.7 . ro ba lughaide ro heccaoíneadh a oidheadh go ro thionnsccain sé dol ar bélaibh a athar `was the less lamented', AFM v 1778.1 .

Superl. : lugimen gl. minimam, Ml. 14c10 . is ē dēach is laigem, Corm. Y 447. cia luigem i fuillemaib gell, Laws v 376.1 . With form of compar. : ūair is é mer is lauga isin lāim é (the little finger), Corm. Y 809. na tri fira is luga a fenechus the three smallest (least in value), Cóic Con. 42 § 63 . i coneilg in neich is lughu, Auraic. 677. in aen lámh mharcaigh as luga rob olc `by no means one of the least expert horsemen', AFM vi 2040.11 . In adverbial phrases: na rachthai . . . co cend .x. ṁbliadan a n-as lugu de `at the least' ( TTr. 1776 ), LL 32574. in mēide is lugha dhe, Fl. Earls 178.z . adeirim nī sa lugha cúig Paidreacha at least , Parrth. Anma 777. muna rabha sí ann go follus, ní as lúgha de, bíodh sí a bhfolach none the less, Mac Aingil 2210 .

As adv. in d s. (in) biuc little, a little ; a while?), in some exx. perh. merely expletive: ma conatil biucc `if it has slept a little', Wb. 29d15 . in biucc gl. paulatim, Sg. 12b1 . cid in biucc `even in small measure', 39a25 . in biuc iarum gl. paulo post, Ml. 19b6 . in biuc `to a small degree', 122b7 . seōl bic romaind 'sa rōt cētna / a choss truag-sa, ACL iii 243 § 27. an biuc, a L. corot-aiciller, Sc.M² 9. tair bic ille, LU 3724 ( SCC 33 ). Compar. as adv. ind lugu gl. minus, Ml. 123c12 .

As subst. of persons and things small, petty, unimportant (of state, rank, possessions, etc.): ataat cetheora sabuid tuaithe noda-desruithetar i mbecaib who are degraded to small people, ZCP xvi 177 § 14 (= Laws i 54.8 ), see 184.23 . a becco, ol Fer Rogain, BDD² 888. nān .i. b.¤ ut dicitur, nanus .i. abac nō lucharbān, O'Mulc. 828. dona beaguibh (= paruulis, Psalms 118 ), Parrth. Anma 9 (title-page). In phr. o b.¤ (biuc) co mór both small and great i.e. everybody: tabhach cíosa ┐ cána Maodhóg o bhecc go mór `from small and great', BNnÉ 203 § 44 , cf. v.l., n.3. na coiglidh enduine acu o b.¤ co mor, Fier. 131. donangatarsidhe ó bhiug co mór, Hugh Roe 108.10 . Cf. etir b.¤ ┐ mór both small and great, Ml. 114b17 .

As subst. o, n. a little, a little while, etc., smallness, fewness : beag, m. IGT Decl. § 65. cid a mb.¤ gl. uel paululum, Ml. 29b12 . b.¤ gl. paulum, Sg. 14a11 . Études Celt. xi 110. iṁforling hícc a mbeicc rochreti `of the few of them', Wb. 5b21 . is becc rofitemmarni i rrúnaib dǽe, 12c5 . cid beicc daucbaid si `of little worth', Wb. 21c12 . is hed a mbeccsin nammá dogníu di maith, 24a12 . cid b.¤ ṅdi ulc, Ml. 46a1 . cid cen na b.¤ ndo síd and `even without a little of peace there', 51a5 . ní b.¤ dia ndergeni forcenn a sailm `it is no small thing', 69c7 . corrobu b. du essarcnaib furodamair, 131b12 . becc torbai little profit, Thes. ii 296.4 . a mbecc mín `the small light diet', Mon. Tall. 152.20 . a mb.¤ arathá . . . doṁsaegulsa during the little that remains of my life, RC iii 179.9 . edrad fota do biuc (bicc, v.l.) buair `long the milking time for a few cattle', Ériu v 116.8 . dochóidseom trá i nnem arin ṁb. sin do maith, LL 36833. don ti rucc becc h'innmusa, RC xxvi 366.4 . beg dá hioth do-chúaidh ar gcúl, IGT Decl. ex. 1093. as beag do geabhthar do dhaoinibh fíréanta a small number, Desid. 2257. beag ga bhfoil an ceart ar chuimhne ` few ', Aithd. D. 38.5 . ar uathadh sluaigh ┐ ar beg mbuidhne, AFM v 1662.3 . Of time: ni bia do m'fhuirech-sa anosa mar-oen frit . . . acht b.¤ bet oc tuba h'uilc . . . i t'agaid, PH 8230. dar thrachtsam beg roimhe so `a short time', Geneal. Tracts 53.5 .

With prec. possess. 3 s.: rochotail a becc slept a while, TBC-I¹ 2513. nír codail a b.¤ an aidhchi sin he did not sleep at all, ZCP x 307.18 . ni rucsat a beg ar a m-buidnib they quite failed to overtake, Celt. Rev. iv 206.20 . dá leigeadh a lámha síos a bheag nó a mhór, Eochairsg. 54.5 . hi tōeb na conaire anair a bic `a little to the east', Dinds. 20. gan a bheg `not a whit', Duan. F. i 53.20 . dubhairt-sean nach raibhe a bheag `he said it was nothing', Keat. ii 5272.

With neg. verb and follg. DI anything at all, the smallest quantity: ní romill a becc din chasail (= permanente cassula tantum intacta quod ignis non tetigit), Lat. Lives 11.12 . na beiridh a bhecc da bhar nettaighibh libh asin luing, BNnÉ 54 § 55 . ní haithristear a bheag da scéalaibh `no tidings whatever are given of them', Keat. ii 2571. Cf. nochon do biuc bae dia brīg not slight was his power, ZCP viii 217 § 5.

In phr. acht b.¤ almost, nearly: fri re tri n-uairi acht b.¤ , PH 550. dia bualad co mbo marb acht b.¤ so that he was nearly dead, LU 3290 ( SCC 8 ). roscarsatur ar cuirp fri ar n-anmannaib acht b.¤ `have all but separated', MacCarthy 66.23 . acht madh beac, Fl. Earls 168.23 . b.¤ ná, b.¤ nach almost, nearly (i.e. little but that): b.¤ nachamralae i nderchóiniud ón `I have almost fallen into despair', Ml. 90c17 . b.¤ nád múchtha doíne impu were nearly stifled, TBFr. 272. beag nach brisiodh mo chroidhe / gach dán roimhe da gcumainn, Studies 1918, 618 § 11 . beg do Tuadmumain nár thrían / do bí ag M. M. held almost a third of Thomond, Caithr. Thoirdh. 136.15 . go raibhe trian bhfear nÉireann ré filidheacht beagnach, Keat. iii 1462. So also: is b.¤ mā dorinnus ariam gnīomh . . . badh doilghe liom do dhēanamh hardly , Feis Tighe Chonáin 1469. is beac ma ba oirrdearca C. `C. . . . was scarcely more illustrious', CF 411. Cf. is b.¤ cid dia fesstar a chenél `his kin will be almost unknown', RC xxiv 176.5 .

With copula and follg. prep. is b.¤ do it is little, insufficient (for): ba becc duitsiu cometecht dossom `it were little for thee (sic leg.) to be indulgent to him', Wb. 10c10 . ba b.¤ ṅdamsa mad buith cen chotlud tantum , Ml. 95d13 . Hence with neg. it is enough; an bhraid-sin nochar bheag dí `grief enough for her', Dán Dé ii 23 . ní beag dó dá chora i gcéill / an fhola féin i ló an Luain, Aithd. D. 100.33 . ní beag seal don bhaois, Dánta Gr. 102.2 . níor bheag aon aifrionn amháin do rádh ar gach n-anam a single mass would suffice, Eochairsg. 51.20 . cá b.¤ do ? is it not enough (for) ?: ca beag dóibh so do robhadh?, KMMisc. 352.3 . cár bheag dhuid aithmhéala inn ? `would not repentance satisfy thee ?' Aithd. D. 34.5 . cá beag sin dá chur i gcéill ? isn't that enough to make it clear ? Dánta Gr. 85.8 . is (ní) b.¤ la deems insufficient; thinks little of: is beic (g s.) lim in bríg sin ced molad ced tatháir domberaidsi domsa is beicc limsa a bríg `little do I care', Wb. 82d1 . as becc lem slechtain dó I think it beneath me to make obeisance to him, BNnÉ 13 § 13 . mó as beag lé burba na bhfear `small account did she (viz. Eamhain) make of', Content. xxx 35. fá beag leó . . . iad féin ┐ a sochar do bhuain don duine `they did not hesitate' (Vocab.), TSh. 3065. ní beg limm do biadh gu bráth / balad mo chráibi cáimhe, Anecd. i 34.23 . ná bad begc la hingin ríg hErenn feis lais that the daughter of the King of Ireland should deem it no small honour to sleep with him, BColm. 88.8 . doraid in saer nar' beg lais do shaegul usci do thoidecht docum in muilinn (= sufficit mihi vivere donec), RC xii 344 § 39. adubradarsan nar beg leo féin a fheabhus sin they thought that excellent (i.e. an offer of billeting), L. Chl. S. § 9.12 . is b.¤ ar thinks little of, considers insignificant; despises, dislikes: sgéal is beag ar a mbuachail, Ir. Syll. Poetry 29 § 3. is beg oram cáil na mban, Duan. F. i 85.31 . beg air imurro caingean na namad . . . uair ra dhlighsiot `he thought little of the doings of the enemies . . . for they were entitled to it', TFrag. 154.13 . is bec orumsa gach uile leiges lagtach isin cuis so acht clisteri (= abhorreo), Rosa Angl. 288.16 . gidh beg ormsa S., Ériu v 184.1 . an tí do dhéanadh math . . . dhóibh, go madh é budh lugha orra, Gadelica 38.65 . is lughaidi orum tú beth a t-[S]axanach . . . uair is don talam-sin in dias is lugha orum tainic riam, ZCP vi 87.21 . gidh ard thú ó threibh fhola, / dola i gclú leibh ní lugha you are just as intent on becoming famous, L. Cl. A. B. 215.20 .

In nn. loc.: in herinn bicc bebais `in Becc-Eriu', Fél. Apr. 23. Augustin Insi Bice, Lat. Lives 42.2 . See Hog. Onom.

In n. pr.: feil Brain Bic, Fél. May 18 .

Compds.

(a) With nouns. .x. mbuair . . . mbecalma, Ériu ii 4.11 . ¤baile: go mbeg-bailtip `villages', Fl. Earls 82.20 . ¤brat ina becbrataib `in his swaddling clothes´ Blathm. 34 . ¤déntaid `small worker ' (one of categories of wives with specific activities, see Stud. in E. Ir. Law 34.32 ): masa beccdentaidh, gunudh seiseadh no nomadh gnimha a fir aiccisi ann sein, Laws ii 410.7 Comm. issed da ní beccdentaidh dissi banaicidh (sic) uaidhsiumh ina aighidsi `what makes her a small worker is to have feminine implements supplied by him', 22 Comm. ¤dolb: (in rhetoric) iba srúaim sruthborr slán lam broind begdolb crú, LL 13860. ¤ecla of little fear . pn As epithet: Conaing B., ZCP viii 337.20 . ¤enech of small honour: comairge béldub b.¤ , Tec. Corm. 33.2 . ¤ḟola, small stock, cattle: .x. mbuair mbecfolad . . . glossed: .i. cáirigh nó gabhair nó dairt, Ériu ii 4.10 . ¤grend short-beard: Tuirenn Beggreann, Cóir Anm. ii § 159 . ¤a small thing, a trifle: dorindi in ridiri bagar ┐ becni do briathraibh Sir Gyi, ZCP vi 32.26 . ¤popul little (lowly) people: is cend daim for dartoid [.i.] mōrpersan for becphopul, O'Mulc. 753. ¤ṡaegal short life: gan uamhan báis nō begs[h]aogail, ML² 1189. ¤ṡed little interest, heed: teirce a-cách an creideamh cóir / beigsheadh ag cách san chanóin, DDána 57.1 . ¤ṡelb: i lennmhain a mbegṡelbha bó `their few cattle', Hugh Roe 84.20 . ¤ṡluag a small company, host: is doras bāls beg-s[h]luag, ML² 1384. With vn. ¤carthain: gan bhríogh i mbeag-charthain séad `paltry love of treasures', Content. xxix 13.

(b) With adjj. derived from nouns: ¤cíallda having little sense, weak-witted: boathán builidh beig-ciallda, TSh. 1721. ¤cosach short-stalked: (of a plant) luib b.¤ , ACL i 330 § 11 . ¤cridech small-hearted, hard-hearted: aderthar gurab duine cruaidh no beccchroidhech thu, Ériu v 138 § 124. ¤dígbálach of little harm: neithi iat sein . . . begdighbalacha, Irish Texts v 2 7. ¤eclach fearless: Conaing B., LL 2491. ¤ḟoltach having little substance, `inops': sochla brīg b.¤ , ZCP v 503.1 . ¤lachtach yielding little milk: comét in buair bec-lachtaig, Metr. Dinds. iv 338.26 . ¤menmnach dispirited: dobhí se go brónach begmhenmnach, Ériu v 196.33 . ¤náirech impudent, shameless: m'iaraidh-si do bhancheile led' bogbhriathraib begnaracha, ZCP vi 26.16 . ¤nertach having little strength, weak: biaid in bhuidhe becnertach (of a plague), SG 21.4 . ¤nertmar: don chriosdáidhe óg bhíos maoth beignertmhar, Ó Héodhusa 195.13 . ¤thuicsech feeble-witted: an téigentach bocht begthuigsech sin, Ériu v 166.34 . ¤uiscech: biaidh . . . an geimhreadh . . . beag-uisceach `scarce of water', Corp. Astron. 64.7 . Note also artificial compd. ¤máo: in b.¤ máo (? leg. becmáo) .i. is b.¤ as máo oldáusa .i. is b.¤ in derscugud gl. paruo maior quam ego, Sg. 45a15 .

Note also: muiti .i. mifothai . . . .i. b.¤ caithte a foghur, Auraic. 467.

2 bot

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 bot or dil.ie/6430
Last Revised: 2019

 

n (-ó- ?) expld. as fire: b.¤ .i. tene ut dicitur b.¤ Aine ingeini Luighdech loisceas , H 3.18, 64bz. bót .i. tene. unde dicitur isin anamain cetharreich b.¤ áne hui Luigdech loisces, Corm. 8. Bót fo Breagaib (sobriquet of Fergus Caisfiaclach), RC xvii 16.2 (Tig.). Feargus Bót tar Bregaibh .i. tene tar Bregaibh, nam bót tene .i. teine tug tar Magh Bhregh gurus-loisc, Cóir Anm. 262. féil bán Buiti búadaig, Fél. Dec. 7 , glossed: . . . buti .i. tene, ut in prouerbio dicitur b.¤ fo Brega, unde dicitur hodie buittelach ubi fuit ignis magnus, p. 256, O'Dav. 265. aed ┐ tnū ┐ smēr ┐ bōtt (.i. beo-ait) ┐ tene, quinque nomina ingnis (sic), O'Mulc. 95. bod .i. teine, Lec. Gl. 297. bód .i. tine, Stowe Gl. 241. bott .i. teine, O'Cl. Cf. buitelach, buti.

bruthach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. bruthach or dil.ie/7167

 

adj o, ā (1 bruth) fiery; furious; vigorous: b.¤ no uerius ignis , Sg. 13b2 . b[r]uthcha gl. furiales, Ml. 16b18 . bresma búana bruthacha, SR 8137. i mbrágtib na n-ocht mbiast mb.¤ , LU 2157 ( FA 22 ). fer mor urcromm brigach brutach, BB 427b47 (TTr.). co Boinn . . . mbruthaigh, glossed nertmair, n.4, Leb. Gab.(i) 112.7 . álli na bronnor b.¤ masses of molten gold (of hair), LL 4480 = ṁbrethach, Ériu iv 94 § 13. See brothach.

buitelach

Cite this: eDIL s.v. buitelach or dil.ie/7433
Last Revised: 2019

 

n expld. as great fire : buti .i. teni, ut in prouerbio dicitur: bot fo Brega, unde dicitur buittelach ubi fuit ignis magnus, Fél. 256.32 . Cf. CGSH § 231 n. i (Lb) , O'Dav. 265 . buitelach .i. teine mhór, O'Cl. See also 2 bot, buti.

buti

Cite this: eDIL s.v. buti or dil.ie/7432
Last Revised: 2019

 

n expld. as fire : buti .i. teni, ut in prouerbio dicitur: bot fo Brega, unde dicitur buittelach ubi fuit ignis magnus , Fél. 256.32​ . buti .i. teni, CGSH § 231 n. i (Lb) . b.¤ .i. teine, O'Cl. See also 2 bot, buitelach.

2 camm

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 camm or dil.ie/8095

 

n c.¤ teined a camino ignis , O'Mulc. 206. 283 .

columa

Cite this: eDIL s.v. columa or dil.ie/10548
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: colum, colamain, columan, colún, cholumasin, colamu, colomain, columna, colamain, cholomain, columu, colamhuin, columan, columain, colún, colamain, cholomain, cholūin, cholaman, columna, colamna, colamain, collamhuin, Coloman, colomna, columna, coloman, columan, columa, colomnaib, colamhnaibh, cCollamhnach

n n, f. Later also m. colum, Fél. 66.11 . Later colamain, columan, colún m. (Lat. columna? columen?). n s. conid hi in cholumasin . . . , LB 158a50 . colamu, a39 . colamhuin dhaingion, Mac Aingil 5340 . a s. colomain móir, LU 1923 (ICM). g s. na columna medonchi, PH 6356 . d s. 'na colamain coimhdirigh, CCath. 4201 . n du. dí cholomain , LL 3133 . As m. n s. columu tenntide, Three Hom. 66.3 . an colamhuin , Parrth. Anma 5580 . a s. in columan , BNnÉ 71 § 122 . columain mór, § 121 . colún, Stair Erc. 2158 . g s. an colamain , BNnÉ 71 § 122 . in cholomain , Fl. Earls 134.18 . in cholūin , 216.25 . d s. annsa cholaman , BNnÉ 71 § 122 . n p. columna, Fianaig. 88.16 . colamna, Corm. Y 322 . colamain, O'D. 590 ( H 3.17, 447 ). collamhuin, CRR² 29 (86.6) . Coloman, Hy Fiach. 172.3 . a p. colomna, TBC-I¹ 3135 . columna, PH 4125 . g p. coloman, Fianaig. 78.5 . columan, CCath. 4776 . columa, Alex. 578 . d p. colomnaib, LU 2005 ( FA 7 ). colamhnaibh, RC xliii 16 § 9 . Note also g p. na cCollamhnach , CRR² 19 .

(a) column, pillar, prop : atracht c.¤ tenntide dia cind (columna ignis ), Lat. Lives 71.y . na colomna cloch filet i ndorsib na rígráth, MU² 379 . ic columhain criadh ná a liubhur annálta `column of clay', CCath. 1612 . a cliath do torrachtain ar treise, a comobair ar cuicthe, a colamain ar dechmaidh `the uprights of a hurdle(?)' (Plummer MS notes), O'D. 590 ( H 3.17, 447 ). c.¤ roard . . . ┐ nocho chuirend foscud uaithi i llo in griantairisme ṡámruta, ZCP xvii 229.24 . cethir chét c.¤ . . . oc a fulang (of a house), Alex. 578 . c.¤ niúil i llou ┐ c.¤ tenntigi i n-oidche, PH 1714 - 15 . sé fan gcrois 'n-a cholamhuin (of the upright of the Cross), DDána 23.16 . colamhain, a colony (leg. column), a pillar, Eg. Gl. 144 . In n.loc, of the Pillars of Hercules : o rían Deprofane an-air | síar [co] colomnaib Herccail 'from the sea of Taprebane westwards to the Pillars of Hercules', SR (Greene) 2643 . co hIndsi Orcc ┐ co Colomna Hercoil, TBC-I² 3583 .

Fig. (b) Of warriors, champion, defender, support , particularly in term colomain na Temrach (see Knott, Ériu xiv 144 ff.): na deich cēt . . . curad . . . ro bātar columna na Temrach, Fianaig. 88.16 . do Cholomnaib na Temrach, LL 19535 . co colomnaib Crohinni, 29164 . collamhuin congmhála ┐ laoich goile, CRR² 29 . Ui Flannghaile ┐ O Tarpaigh, Coloman na Sgríne, Hy Fiach. 172.3 . lucht mar cholumhna Chláir Bhreagh (of the crew of the Argo), DDána 107.35 . As territorial designation: bodhith do thiachtain a seacht colamhnaibh ┐ i primhphortaibh na Temhrach, RC xliii 16 § 9 .

(c) More generally, supporter, upholder : saoglonn .i. brithem ┐ senoir ┐ columna, ut dicitur: Saoglonn brithemh, buan a blad, / saoglonn senōir sīr-saoglach, / saoglonn cech rī fora dū, / ┐ saoglonn columnu, O'Mulc. 857 . saeghlonn .i. seanoir no colomna, O'Dav. 1424 . colomnaib .i. ollum, ut est, . . . columan breithem, buan a blad, O'Curry 569 (H. 3.18, 284). colamhuin dhaingion dhoibhrisdi na fírinde (of the Church), Mac Aingil 5340 . colamhain ┐ firminte na fírinne ( 1 Timothy iii 15 ), TSh. 3269 . seise suadh colamhain cliar the support of the learned, Ó Bruad. iii 54.1 . colamain na heglaisi mar tá Ambrós Augustín . . . , Ó Héodhusa 41.1 .

(d) Of divisions of time: colamna āis .i. aimsera āis .i. naoidendacht ┐ macdacht, gillacht ┐ ōglachass . . . , Corm. Y 322 . os tussu a mmo sruith can dollod. Ni handsa. Iar colomnaib aíse .i. iar colomnaib sé áes in duni, LL 24333 - 4 ( RC xxvi 18.32 ).

cuirrech

Cite this: eDIL s.v. cuirrech or dil.ie/13675
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: currach, curaighthe, cuirreach, cuirrchedh

n o, m. Later also currach. g p. curaighthe, ZCP iv 398.13 . cuirreach m., IGT Decl. § 23 (g p. cuirrchedh; cuirrech, v.l.). marsh, fen : cuirrec[h] . . . do rād fri seiscend .i. corra recait ind, Corm. Y 331 . c.¤ a cursu .i. rēid hē, 332 . currech a curribus .i. fīch carpait, 360 . O'Mulc. 251 . do bebat iar cuirriuch carpait `along the racecourse', RC xxvi 36 § 181 . cach riasc, cach sescend, cach currech .i. corr iath .i. iath na corr, O'Dav. 1363 . 414 . tar na hailche i mbí inne doimne .i. curraigh, O'Curry 449 ( H 3.18, 240a ). curraigh ┐ seiscend, Laws v 252.1 Comm. a riocht cuirfe fo chuirrchib, Duan. F. i 21.23 . do chuaidh . . . fan c.¤ , IGT Decl. ex. 824 . ? 'sna dlúith-chuirrcibh . . . annsna lethan-choilltibh, Misc. Hag. Hib. 108.4 . Stagnum ignis .i. Currach na teineadh (part of Hell), ZCP iv 436.6 . a gcert-medhōn chuirrigh imdomain, Fl. Earls 104.9 . leimfir . . . go currach eigin oile (in argument), Luc. Fid. 4836 . cáerthann cuirrig see cáerthann . currach= fen, Eg. Gl. 166 .

In n. loc. Currech Lifi . . . / Currech Sétnai, Hail Brigit 16 . arna huilib Cuirigib, ZCP viii 315.17 . See Hog. Onom.

As n. pr. m.: Currech mac Cathair, LL 26135 . hi flaith Cuirrich carpatruaid, Rawl. 84b12 . See also 1 bró.

daig

Cite this: eDIL s.v. daig or dil.ie/14169
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: doigh, doighthe, doightheacha, duig, dathacha

n i later t, f. m. (is ē in daigh derg, BB 319 b 30) .

I A flame, blaze, conflagration, fire . .i. ignis , H 3.18, 69 . dag .i. ingnis , O'Mulc. 337 . d.¤ = tine, Metr. daig .i. tine, Stowe Gl. 96 . daig derg dermór teintide, SR 4092 . ba mét daig ndairthaige, BDD § 65 , ib. § 66 . derg in d.¤ , LL 130 a 27 , 196 b . téit d.¤ do neim, RC xx 150 . 15 . daig garg gnathaltach, RC xxxii 392. 2 . Dáiri Derg daigh garg, Miscell. Celt. Soc. 62. 7 . in daig derglasrach, Lec. 376 a 5 . SG 18. 8 . daig ┐ debech, LL 10 b 19 = BB 33 b 3 , 4 . g s. luchair dego, TBC-LL¹ 5301 YBL (l. dhedha, St., luachair dheghadh H, l. n[d ?]aga LL). nemain dega .i. aibli tened, ut dicitur nemain dega derci, O'Mulc. 839 . dá mag déc derce dega, LL 7 a 9 ( degha, BB 28 b 20 ). eo dega deirg, LL iii 19467 . deilm ndegae, Liad. and Cuir. 16 , 22 . muir ṅdaiged tened tromruad, SR 910 . Molling lassar daiged, Bor. § 129 ( = RC xiii 102. 1 ). d s. at é rombeotar ar daig, Rawl. 88 a 41 . a óca batar ardaigh | ag orcain Maoil Milscothaig, Anecd. ii 66.1 . dosratsat fo thendáil tened ┐ fo daigid dergruaid, TTr. 572 . a s. cen cath cen indrud cen daigh ndeirg, Tig. 999 . meirgeda donna mar dhaigh, MR 228. 11 . is and atconnairc daighidh na hoirgne, Dinds. 129 ( RC xvi 81 ). orcon fri daigid: Corcach mor ... do argain f. d., Tig. 977 . arg. f. d. cech naidchi, Ériu iv 28. 23 . fri d. rohorta uile, AU i 416. 5 . ib. 376. 15 ; 408. 3 ; 424. 10 . orcain la daigid: Corcach mór do arcain la d. AU i 490. 4 . a pl. rosiacht a mórairgne ba tria daigte tened LU 114 a 43 . d pl. co ndaighthibh .i. go dteinntibh, O'Cl. ina doigthib dergthinead, Lec. 596 b 30 .—Metaph. of a hero, king, saint. d.¤ ná dubaig, IT iii 131. 10 . d.¤ ná daim crannchor, ib. 154. 4 . is daidh didaingen in duine mór, ib. 94. 34 . Niall mac Diarmata in daig derg, LL 185 a 1 . Duach dalta Dedaig in daig, ib. 129 a 25 . dá bliadain ba derb don daig, Rawl. 164 b 18 . in d.¤ dherglasrach iarthair Eorpa .i. Molaise, SG 18. 8 . a dhaigh dhána dhúir, Oss. v 14. 17 ; 16. 2 .

II A pang, stitch, or other pain P. O'C. doigh, Eg. Gl. 260 . nicon rabi doig ná tendius i corp ná hi colaind di, LB 135 b 2 . rohathnuigit bríga a cuirp cen doig cen tinnes, ib. 233 b 4 . ca an daigh dochuaidh ad chridhe, P. O'C. s.v. daigh . dochuaidh doigh éada a nAoife dhesin a dart of jealousy Atlantis iv 118. 32 . loscad daigi heartburn O'Gr. Cat. 194 . Dinneen s.v. doigh.

MOD. doigh, pl. doighthe and doightheacha, Munster duig, pl. dathacha rheumatics .

2 día

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 día or dil.ie/15847
Last Revised: 2013

 

Forms: dea, dia, d, dáe, dæ, d, dia, dea, dia, dé, d, dǽi, deé, dia, dia, dea, d, dée, dee, dei, dea, déé, dée, deu, deo, deoa, dee, dea, dei, dea, de, dee, deao, déib, deib, deeb, Dia

n Also dea. Disyll., SR 1905 , 2033 , 2685 ; monosyll., 649 , 1917 , 1950 . Decl. (instances of sense (b) in the sg. are enclosed in brackets). n s. dia, Wb. 31a2 . Ml. 44d14 . ( LL 213b42 . Aen. 1225 . ) ( dea, Sg. 162a4 . Trip.² 584 . ) ( déa, LL 10a35 . Dinds. 85 . ) ( de, Corm. Y 31 . IT iii 62 . ) ( dé, LL 12b47 .) ( dee, Marco P. 37. . Maund. 202 . ) ( díae, Trip. 100 . ) ( dei, TTebe pass. ) v s. d, Wb. 5a7 . Ml. 87a2 . dáe, 43d17 . dæ, 54b19 . d, Wb. 5b9 . dia, RC xvii 143 . a s. dea, Thes. ii 247 ( Trip. 122 ). dia, Wb. 20d1 . Ml. 102d1 . Tur. 26 . g s. dé, Wb. 33c6 . Ml. 19c17 . Hib. Min. 10.324 . SR 1376 . d, Wb. 20d2 . Ml. 14c2 . dǽi, Wb. 22c10 (error?). dee, Thes. ii 247 . deé, ZCP ix 451.27 . dia, PH 301 , 433 . ( dea, LL 123b32 ; 227a20 ( TTr. 733 )). d s. dia, Wb. 14b13 . Ml. 39c7 . dea, Thes. ii 246 . n p. d, Sg. 39a22 . dée, Cóir Anm. 149 . dee, SR 8290 . LL 9a11 . PH 713.731 . Aen. 1494 . dei, TBC-I¹ 1751 ( dee, TBC-LL¹ 2419 ). ZCP vi 57 . Aen. 636 . CCath. 1013 (this form common in classical adaptions). dea, Aen. 817 . v p. déé, Acall. 5994 . dée, ZCP vi 57 . a p. deu, Wb. 8c11 . TBC-I¹ 1023 . deo, Sg. 217b3 . deoa, Alex. 905 . dee, RC xiv 406 . PH 740 . dea, Aen. 2956 . dei, Marco P. 32 . Aen. 1376 . g p. dea, Sg. 162a3 . TBC-I¹ 1750 . ( dee, TBC-LL¹ 2419 . ) LL 10b26 . de, LL 35a42 . dee, PH 1352 . deao, (facs.), Aen. 1025 . d p. déib, Sg. 39b14 . deib, TE 14 (Eg.) . deeib, PH 715 . deeb, Ériu ii 196 . PH 709 .

(a) God: intan durairngert Dia du Abracham, Wb. 33d10 . rad Dǽ God's grace , 21c10 . buaid Maicc Dé, Fél. Feb. 15 . fri Di[a] n-athir, Tur. 26 . cuir do smuaintigthi a nDia, SG 41.34 . Later Dia athar. Cf. BNnÉ 196 . a Dhe athar uile-cumachtaidh, Lib. Flav. ii 2vb 38 . Ísu Crist mac Dé athar, PH 8353 . Dia dia dídin may God protect it, BColm. 82 . ar Dia for God's sake: fedba irescha ar Dia, RC iv 254 . In salutations (but see Éigse x 96-102 ): Dia do betha hail! Aisl. Tond. p. 101 . Dia do betha a m'anum, a C., Acall. 7433 . Dé do betha, a ógh, 3 B 22, 70b21 . Dia do bheatha a Mheic Mhuire, A. Ó Dálaigh xliv 1 . narab Dia do betha a bháis, Ériu viii 92 . Dia beatha, ib. Dia beatha mo bhráthar, A. Ó Dálaigh xlvi 2 , 3 . Dia beatha i gclí dar gcabhair, 3 , 5 . Dia lib Dominus vobiscum, LB 262a4 . Dia lat, Todd Lect. vi 65 . Exclamations, etc.: a Dhē bethad! ba bēd bróin ēg ui E., BB 58a39 . ar Dia frib! lēgid uaib me! for God's sake, Anecd. iii 9 . ar Dia rit . . . abair th'fáisitin, SG 41.10 . teaccaisc mé ar Dia frit, ar espoc M. . . . adeirim rit ar Dia cáin pecadh na carat, 41.32 . Dia fris cena, is ingnad in gnim as God is witness, CCath. 3183 . Dia fris, as dall an t-aiccnedh don lucht lasar ferr fuil do thodhail . . . inas C. do clodh gan telccud fola, 4583 . Dia fris, cidh innso?, 4818 . Cf. perhaps, dia re na ccomal uaimsi, ol Meadhbh, ZCP x 277 . In n.pr. Cailleach Dē, ingen Huī Eidin, Lec. 392b26 .

Compd. ¤aithis blasphemy: as blasfeim eitricemhuil (sic leg.) .i. dia-aithis sin do radh le Dia, Luc. Fid. 358 .

(b) god, goddess, supernatural being, object of worship (cf. 3 Dea supra): dorigénsat . . . deu diib, Wb. 7d10 . dé nemdai gl. caelestibus, Sg. 39a22 . nomen do lestur bís oc edpartaib do deib, 56b7 . co fessed cia bad mó nert | a nDiasom no dia Egept, SR 3848 . dia catha . . . dianda nomen Mars , Corm. Y 892 . Net .i. dia catha, O'Dav. 1289 . am fisid (sic leg.) i cerdaib dei druidechtai, ZCP iii 236 = conidam fissid . . . hi cerdaib dé druidechta, LU 10304 . beandacht dea ┐ anai fort, olse. dei leosom int æs cumachta ┐ ana iint æs trebtha, TBC-I¹ 1750 ( TBC-LL¹ 2419 ). tongu do dia toingthe hUlaid, 3625 . atbiursa mo dee I swear by my gods, RC xiv 406 . dei ídal, O'Mulc. 469 . bá día talmhan dóibh é ar mhét a chumachta, Cóir Anm. 150 (i.e. the Dagda). inn a síthaib, in do deib dúib?, Trip. 100 . do rúmenutar ba dea in draicc, PH 6290 . a mordéé adhartha (exclam.), Acall. 5994 . seinser gacha duine as dia adhartha dhoibh, Marco P. 110 . demhna ┐ dei aerdha, 32 . na cuirp . . . d'edbairt dona deib adartha, TTebe 2219 . rot-bennachat do dei adurtha, CCath. 4036 . Ismen dei an srotha sin a mathair, 3573 . is dona deeib adartha chreidim, BCC § 87 . is iodhail uile dhée na ndaóine, Psalms xcvi 5 . dia dá mhaoin is mairg do-ní unhappy the man who makes a god of his wealth, DDána 22.2 .

tene dia St. Anthony's fire, erysipelas: efrempila .i. teni dhiadh, Thr. Med. Gl. C 133 . sacer ignis .i. tene dhia, 23 K 42, 323.19 . (acidula) as mór ḟoghnus a n-aghaidh na teine dhia, 330.z . (anthera) ceirin do ghéunamh dhe ┐ a cur ar an teine dhiadh, 355.15 (cf. 1 dé). an sugh do cur ar an teine ndiagh, 23 O 23, 21 b41 . ar tenid diath, 24b3 , 90a5 . Cf. tene dia gl. flemen, Sg. 96b1 . Perh. to be referred to 1 dé.

See 1 teine.

lám

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lám or dil.ie/29507
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: laám, láme, láam, láim, láma, láime, nondalámgaba

n ā, f. n s. ind laám , Wb. 12a23 (see GOI 20 - 1 ). g s. láme, Sg. 68a1 , 68b13 . g p. láam, Wb. 9a6 . n s. later also láim, and g s. láma, láime. IGT Decl. § 192.

I

(a) hand: gnúis et láma et cossa, Wb. 12b4 . is sochrudiu láam oldōsa ol coss, 12a21 . precept dosom fri dei et saithar ho lámaib in nocte gl. operantes manibus nostris, 9a5 . ine láim nú ine méraib, Thes. ii 245.37 . ind l.¤ gl. manu, Ml. 36b1 . lam, 131b4 . torad a láam is hed dodtoisged `it is (the) fruit of his hands that used to support him', Wb. 9a6 . orddu lámae gl. pollex, Sg. 68b13 . dunecomnacht Dia inní saúl inna lama som delivered S. into his hands, Ml. 55c1 . ro bendach Pátraic asa dib lámaib in Machai, Trip.² 2799 . conid eiter a lamaib rothathamir cú rui (leg. Cú Roí) `in their hands that C. expired', Mon. Tall. 65 . idna láme (one of the `streams of poetry'), LL 3900 ( IT iii 58.2 ). bud bhinn lam ┐ bel a fine instrumentalist and vocalist, AU iii 340.7 . claidhemh gacha lamha, Cog. 252.9 . ro-gab . . . lān a lām do c[h]ochall an c[h]lērig, BColm. 36.10 . líon mo lámha `the full of my hands', Dán Dé xxx 7 .

With adj. or attrib. gen.: l.¤ bennachtan as opposed to l.¤ soscéli right hand v. left hand (see Stokes, Ériu iii 11 - 12 ): in ferand ar do láim soscéla ic dola sís . . . no ar do laim bennachtan anís, Ériu iii 11.14 - 15 . See soiscélae. l.¤ choitchinn: airgitur langilli na bo iar fir i llaim coitchinn ra aichne `in gemeinsame (neutrale) Hand', Cóic Con. 17.2 . lámh chlé (lámh chlí prohibited form), IGT Decl. § 139 . ros-mugaig, ros-mill, ro tracht / trí coecat barc co laim clí, Fél. 200.28 . na findad do l.¤ chlíí an a n-dingne do l.¤ dess, PH 5950 . lámh deas right hand, IGT Decl. § 137 . bennuch, a Dhe, . . . / cot laim dheis mo cuili-se, Lism. L. 1287 . fíréin láma deise Dé, PBocht 26.34 . l.¤ doí see lámdoé s.v. 1 doé; l.¤ (in) scéith left hand or arm; see 2 scíath and cf. ar laim congmala a sgeith, Ériu xi 189.30 .

In l.¤ des, l.¤ chlé of directions; in a variety of uses: a lleth o laim deiss dexteram ejus partem, Sg. 17b2 . for láim deis aníartúaid . . . for laim chlí anairtuáid, BCr. 19c2 , 3 . éla fort láim ṅdeiss `decline ab eis in dexteram partem', Lat. Lives 80.15 . Fir Domnand co trí rígaib / lam des fri hErinn n-íraig `up the west coast', MacCarthy 148 § 3 ( LL 14718 ). impoit . . . for a láim chlí they turn to the left, AU ii 120.7 . ro ghabsat iaramh laimh cli fris an loch `with their left to the lake', AFM vi 1940.18 . do chuaidh . . . hisin . . . long . . . lamh dhes frí hérinn soirttuaidh, 1966.z . dia lāim deis on his right, ZCP viii 108.3 . Note also: is í so slighe ina ttáinig . . . .i. láimh sgéith re Ráith Ḟionnchaoimhe, Ériu viii 135.24 .

In a number of idioms with vb. gabaid: gabaid láim x seizes, abducts x: nis gebh do laim . . . ar med do nóimhe, BNnÉ 304.17 . gabais laim ingine Foraid . . . ┐ fordoscarastar, Rawl. 131b24 (Cf. Ériu iii 135.4 ). dodechaid in chaillech do béim chluic . . . gabais Ailill a láim, ┐ dos tascar, ┐ dogéni a coblige seized, RC ix 452.14 . See gabál. Cf. ní má ar gabáil ar lámha / úaind, ZCP viii 219.36 . M. . . . do gabail . . . l.¤ Huí L. . . . asint ṡuide apad `expelled', Ann. Inisf. 1052.5 . gabaid láim x dochum leads x to: gabais a chomalta a laim dochum mara led, Anecd. iii 59.9 . gabthe mo laim mattin dochum mara, 1 . With follg. prep. AS expels: ni ragh sa adiu . . . go ro gaba ri no espoc mo laim as, BNnÉ 302.4 . gebatt sa . . . do lamha sa asin suidhi righ ittaoi, 305.13 . conid ari rogabad al-lam a Pardus `on this account they were driven out of Paradise', Ériu vii 164.7 .

(b) arm : cumgabail inna lam i crosfigill is sí briathar l.¤ insin, Ml. 138a2 . tócaib do dí láim i n-airdi frisin Coimdid, MacCarthy 64.10 = suidig do da laim cech thrath / fri ruirig nime, SR 1605 . doe láme gl. lacertus, Sg. 68a1 . a di láim tri derca ṡedluch allenith immach, TE 4 ( IT i 119 ). gur ben in lamh des aga gualaind de, ZCP vi 36.18 . lámh on gualuinn a fad, ALC i 184.20 . láma caolrigthecha, Caithr. Thoirdh. 104.27 . Of clothes, sleeve : lēinte lainneardha lāimhgheala lín 'brilliant, white-sleeved linen tunics', BDC 226.57​ .

(c) Of the hand used in measuring length: on fir do ní in tomus o laimh, Laws ii 232.22 Comm . ocht nduirn a fot, do toimsib laime techta fil fri mesu ┐ toimsiu, Laws ii 246.8 . tinne tri mer a mbun laime, Laws ii 250.2 . See 2 tinne. is í sin is áis do'n ésga do réir láime (of calculating the moon's age by disposing the verses of the Golden Number upon the finger-joints), O'Gr. Cat. 300.14. Of the whole arm as measure: fád láimhe laoich do chrann, Keat. ii 5200.

(d) Attrib. g s. cennach láime: fuair . . . na seacht Laoighise dó féin . . . mar cheannach láimhe i ndíol an cheannais do rinne `handsel', Keat. ii 4812 . cin láime distinguished from cin coise, tengad, etc.: cin laime de guin, no gait, no mi-imirt, Laws i 238.11 . cís láime: ní cíos láime atá acutsa orra acht rígféinnidecht ┐ maer choiméta atá acut innte tribute of the hand i.e. won by force(?), SG 338.22 , 337.17 . triatha uaisle dho i mbuannacht do bhíodar / a chíos láimhe mar ránaig ar ríoghraidh, Hackett² 30.290 . See dígbál. fer láime: fer láma ríg Themra thair / Illand ergna mac Erclaim `henchman', Metr. Dinds. iv 88.13 . Legal perpetrator, distinguished from sellach spectator : mas lethbrostu ┐ ro fes in cu do rigne in fogail is amuil fer laime tigerna in con do rigne in fogail the master of the dog which did the injury is taken to be the perpetrator (of liability for dog injured in a dog-fight), Laws iii 194.y Comm . noco fo lan fir laime icus sellach a lan, 100.z Comm . See sellach. Also áes láime guilty persons: is iat is aes laime ann lucht in combaiti (`hand-party'), Laws iii 252.13 Comm . flesc láime see 1 flesc. liacca lamh, CCath. 5657 (see 1 lía). rogad láime, see rogad.

Extended meanings: gesce ┐ lama imda branches (of tree), RC x 74.3 v.l. gur teig lamh na lainne dā lethtaoibh handle, ZCP xiv 233.1 .

II In various abstr. and fig. applications.

(a) prowess, valour, accomplishment: ar eagla a laime ┐ a dighultu[i]s, ZCP vi 273.9 . ni caithimsa sin noco fagar do laim iat (do nert laime, v.l.), RC xix 34.2 . do chuaidh A. a llos a láma as by his own valour, ALC i 302.23 . Cf. CCath. 68 . ba fearr lamh na luighe `one better in deed or word', Duan. F. ii 176 § 5. clú láimhe, Hugh Roe² 104.5 . fer . . . go lán ainm láimhe ┐ tighe aoidhed, AFM v 1628.18 . fear . . . ro ba maith lamh ┐ oineach brave and generous, 1692.10 . teist ┐ tuarasccbháil láimhe ┐ einigh, 1684.18 . Sir Gyi ┐ sir Heront rob ferr lam ar gach taebh acu, ZCP vi 45.29 . ní fuil . . . ridiri is ferr lamh, 52.2 . ni frith fear mo laimhe riam `a man to match with me', Duan. F. i 63 § 33 . l.¤ láitir might: techt do fein ar los a lame laitiri as, Ann. Conn. 1373.5 .

(b) control, power : is he nert Dé ┐ l.¤ Dé, LB 138b46 . san tír dar ghoire do ghrádh / lámh ag rígh oile mon-uar another king rules, DDána 45.6 . as é dob fearr eineach is ágh / ní deachaidh lamh ós a cionn `never was he overpowered', Duan. F. ii 218 § 8 . adubhairt riu gan an rigacht do chur as a laimh, BCC 246.34 .

In phrase l.¤ i n-úachtar upper hand, conquering arm : rapo doss díten ┐ rapo buinne bratha ┐ rapo l.¤ i n-uachtur leo Conall, CRR 44.1 . go dtug Dia an lámh i n-uachtar ag Scotaibh is ag Pictibh orra, Keat. ii 6144 . In legal phr. lám gabálae forcible seizure : do-beir in fer ada-gair comrac forsin mil sin co tét i lláim gabálae 'the man who brings a claim against them causes a confrontation over that honey so that it (the honey) passes by forcible seizure', Bechbretha 186 (e) .

(c) Legal active part in crime : icad fer tairce trian . . . a dualgus a tairci; ┐ cutruma re aenfer don dá trian aile a dualgas a láime the inciter pays a third due because of his incitement . . . because of his share in the deed (of fine for killing by soldiers), Laws iii 114.x Comm . asren cāch a chinta ar a láim `for his own hand', Cáin Ad. 43 . im fiach a laime, ┐ im fiach a tairci, Laws iii 116.1 Comm . See tárcud. ? síoll Eoghain ní hosadh ghealloid / ní ghébdís duit díol i láimh, L. Cl. A. B. 223.106 . In phr. l.¤ derg murder, murderer (cf. We. llawrudd) (in latter sense more commonly fer láime deirge): cumal aithgina fo fer laime dergi laes na gona and, Laws i 244.2 Comm . bid fir lāma dergi ina suidedaib apad, BColm. 62.19 . ba comeirque laime derce nach bruidhen an asylum for a murderer, RC xxi 314.6 . bud í in phláig dibse is a bedg / in l.¤ derg dimbert oram murder, SG 55.37 . ná déantar lámh dhearg acht dí / ar ghrá na dtrí ndealg a Dhé `that my body alone be treated as a foe', Dán Dé ix 9 . atú mar láimh ndeirg ag Dia, ii 30 .

(d) In metonomy, pars pro tota . Of warrior: dob iomdha lamh áthasach do Dhom[n]allachibh ┐ Ghordonchib do bhi san lathair sin, Rel. Celt. ii 192.13 . ni roibi . . . aenlamh fa crodha coscur a cathaibh, ZCP vi 43.33 . lámh ar nár cheisd an cheisd chrúaidh, L. Cl. A. B. 265.9 . marbthar lais Conn O Concobhair in aen lámh mharcaigh as lugha rob olc i cConnachtaibh, AFM vi 2040.11 . With descriptive gen. of generous person: in l.¤ tidnaicthi (of Cú Chulainn), LL 7962. da láim thidnaicthi ratha (Cú Chulainn and Fer Diad), 10729 . lámh chothaighthe deibhléin Dé she who supported God's orphan, DDána 32.24 . Of help: don bocht a tibred laim, PH 6145 . a lámh nach lámh tar threise `o arm unsurpassed in strength(?)', PBocht 23.49 .

(e) In phrases ref. to plighting of troth, wedlock, etc.: dobhi ar fes laimhe ┐ leaptha ag an inghin an oidhche sin, RC xxix 134.18 . roḟai ar laimh ┐ ar leabaid le, RC xliii 24 § 22 . See foaid. sáith ríogh ar leabaidh 's ar láimh / gach inghean ard álainn óg, Dánta Gr. 5.31 . tug mná cneasta i bhfeis leabtha ┐ láimhe married, Hackett² 53.106 . Cf. mé th'éadach láimhe is leaptha (said by cloak to its owner), 32.33 . nascis . . . for láim ind fúatha sin `bound that (boon) on the Spectre's hand', Moling 20 .

(f) In proverbial expressions: ba lam i net nathrach . . . insaigid fair `a hand into an adder's nest', LL 225b7 ( TTr. 608 ). ba luam a net natrach . . . cor fri sluag na Fomoire, RC xii 96.17 . lámh an eirr easguinne unsafe grip, IGT Decl. ex. 587 . l.¤ déoraid (status of) a person whose protection and rights had been forfeited ( ZCP xxxiii 87 ): bid l.¤ déoraid dó, LU 5137 ( TBC-I¹ 654 ); 'he is as good as dead' ZCP xxxiii 87 . See deorad. l.¤ latrainn ba l.¤ latraind i n-árbaig la Hercoil isin chath sain, LL 226a15 ( TTr. 651 ). conid de sin ata `lam clé Ulltain in agaid in uilc', Fél. 200.19 . cach lāimi a lāindīrgi, ACL iii 226.21 (see ZCP xviii 48 ). mairg do loitfeadh láimh eadruinn `it were pity for any to hurt his hand (intervening) between us', Studies 1921 589 § 6 . Legal maxim: ni fognai lam laim, Laws i 228.16 .

III In phrases with follg. prep. (in most cases also with prec. vb.).

(a) DI: dothongusa . . . conna get-sa láma dib, conastarddur uile fo thalmain that I shall not release you, TBC-LL¹ 943 . nír' scar lámha díbh cor' ḟalaigh díden na coilltedh íat fair, CCath. 195. See scaraid. ní thall in gáeth láma de / co foraim bága in bile `the wind withdrew not its hand until it brought down the Tree's pride' (of Bile Tortan), Metr. Dinds. iv 244.51 .

(b) FO: do-beir láim fo undertakes : ni-s-tibrea liaig doenna laim fo-m leiges-sa, PH 424 . in ni fo dard láimh, CCath. 1795. lámh do tabhairt fán marbh ndíocháirdeach (sic leg.) bhíos i bpurgadóir, dá ḟóirithin as, TSh. 4752 . tabhair mar thugais roimhe / lámh fúm `deal with me', Dán Dé vi 33 . l.¤ fo act of undertaking : ba l.¤ fámórobairsin, TBC St. 3830 . lām fo crābud deduirn dūr, ACL iii 306 § 4 . lámh fá othar mádh áil leo / is beo ar n-a chrochadh dháibh [Dia] `if men wish to touch his wounds', but perh. rather if men wish to attack the wounded, Dán Dé xxvi 34 . Prov. of impossible undertakings: as trágadh lacha as a lār / lámh fa bhádhadh ratha an rígh, IGT Decl. ex. 1036 . is lámh fa chraoibh nach cromann / bheith réd chumann, DDána 4.5 . ríomh réadlann nó gainimh ghil / . . . lámh fa ríomh a sochar sin, Content. xxviii 24. Cf. tabraidh mo lamh fa comhall sin, ar Corbmac. ┐ donaisc orra amlaid sin swear by my hand, Irish Texts iii 8.25 .

(c) FOR: l.¤ for áirithe an undertaking certain of success : níor bó lámh for airidhe a n-ionnsaighidh muna luigheadh líon lam . . . forra, AFM v 1826.8 . ni bad lam ar airgthi doibsium sin mana deonaiged in toichthi, Fen. 138.20 . foceird láma for: foceirtt lamae fair she laid hands upon him, Mon. Tall. 66. Cf. ro láiset láma do they arrested him, PH 3101. Of ordination: cuirfid . . . a lámha arna Lebhítibh, Numbers viii 10. Cf. ni comairleiced . . . dó cor lamha aire (.i. dul do sacarbaic) cin foghlaim `put hand upon him' (i.e. on Christ in the Eucharist), Trip. xlix 11 . atgeall in filidh lāmh for a dān to attempt, ZCP vii 305.6 . do-beir láim for (ar) proposes, attempts : do beartsatt . . . laimh for imdhecht, AFM vi 1900.10 . gabaid láim (láma) for: si dobeir phoíc la cech n-oendig dó, isí geibes láim for a chuit arranges, TBC-LL¹ 2180 . Gaileoin . . . .i. an trian nó ghebadh lamha for an dá trian oile fo ghail fon airredh (leg. airrigh) excelled, Leb. Gab.(i) 118.16 . Of course of action undertakes: do ghabh lam for an Easpain d'fágbhail, ML 44.2 . do gab E. lámh for imtheacht d'fágbhail na h-innsi, ML 36.9 . Of persons enjoins upon, the action enjoined usually being denoted by imm: rogab A. lama (lam, v.l.) ar Perelass im ergi dochum in cluichi sin ordered P., TTebe 2474 . in tan gaba lam forainn, BB 418a51 gabais lāma for in úathad slúaigh robúi ina ḟarrad im calma do dēnom, Fianaig. 86.23 . rogabhagh lamh ar an oglach im dul dochum na teneadh, Ériu iii 156.31 . Also petitions : ragabsad T. uili . . . lama air um thuilleadh fhís do denam doib `entreated that a further vision should be made', TTebe 4156 . ní rigise a les lam do gabail forainn there is no need to ask us (to protect you), Celt. Rev. iii 314.6 . Note also: ragab láim ar a araid (itbert re a giolla, v.l.) ara ngabad a eochu, TBC-LL¹ 3252 . ní ḟedabair an lá no an uair i ngebthar lamh foraibh `a hand will be laid upon you', RC xxv 388.17 . imm-beir láim for practises violence on, see imm-beir. Med. operates on: ro himred lámu . . . for Eogan co mbí ina chinnte bás d'fhaghbáil do, SG 50.25 . Note also: a thaoibh-se ar a dtá mo lámh on which I rely(?), Dán Dé xxv 43 .

(d) FRI: l.¤ fri act of avoiding, renouncing : lam fri idal ṅglethech ṅgal (command against idolatry), SR 4845 . lāim fri lochta, ZCP vi 264 § 9 . lam fri cath fri cēilide, Ériu ii 56.9 . lámh fri turbhaidhe domhnain cé, AFM ii 618.18 . As prep. beside : tainic laim re fiannbhoith mac mBrocain, ZCP xi 40.11 . ealba fhiadh is eadh at conncas / cealga Laoghaire láimh ria, PBocht 10.16 . rohadnaicedh laim re haltóir (sic leg.) Chiarain, RC xviii 182.4 . tarr láimh riom, Gen. xxvii 21 . muna raibh do dhearbhrathair láimh riot, Deuteronomy xxii 2. Also of motion along by (see also under I (a) above): lodar . . . laim re muir siar co rangadar Teach nDuinn, Anecd. i 18.5 . doberat a lam fri h-Etail `skirted', Aen. 138 . tar Dūn ac Loduin . . . / lāim re gach loch go Loch Rīach, ZCP viii 222 § 3 . a lam re fairrge co hAth Cliath, RC xviii 51.26 = laimh fri faircce co rocht co hAth Cliath, AFM ii 1028.x . Note also: tug Muire láimh ris an leas / an uile sháidh do shaidhbhreas `besides salvation', A. Ó Dálaigh l 39. Also compared with: láimh re hAodh ó fhior eile / mion gach taom dá thaidhbhsighe, L. Cl. A. B. 64.159 . ionnus nach fuil i n-uile ṡeanchus . . . láimh re seanchus na hÉireann, Keat. i 44.22 . do-beir láim fri refuses, rejects : na tabair laim frim (Potiphar's wife to Joseph), SR 3182. Of renunciation of world, sin, etc: dia mba maccleirech fa mām / tapuir lām fri holc, ACL iii 319 § 87 . na hulca imgabamít, is e in ecnai erailes ornn laim do thabhairt friu, PH 6867 . do rad láimh ris an saoghal, TFrag. 204.2 . fo-ácaib fri láim excepts: facbaim Concobur fri láim . . . dáig a rige, LU 9217 ( FB 94 ). dochta do neoc[h] dáles dāil / fācbas (?) dáil n-éco fri lāimh, Fianaig. 10 § 3 . Note also: fa-rácbaisemne fri láim deitsiu . . . nád ṅ-íurmais orguin we stipulated, BDD² 659 . scaraid láma fri desists from: roghabh acc timchelladh in chaithmhīledh co nāro-scar lāmha fris go ro eiderdelaigh a cenn rea chúilmēidhe, ZCP xiv 232.12 . ni rosccarsat lamha fris go ragbhatar an caistiall ar eigin, Hugh Roe² 100.16 . Cf. dochuaid re láim he went security, O'Curry 2157 ( Eg. 88, 4a ).

(e) I: do budh dána dul le bréig / do chur lámh 'n-á (leg. 'n-a) leithéid `to resort to guile in attempting such a thing(?)', Dán Dé xxi 21 . cuiris lámh i Mochuda ┐ tug go heasaontach as an mainistir amach é seized, Keat. iii 1948 . dobeir láim i láim neich becomes someone's vassal: ní thug a lámh a láimh riogh occlach dob'fhearr treisi gniomh, ITS v 176.20 . ri Uladh na n-iath solus / . . . dobhera se a lamh ad laimh / gidh be len b'ál gan t'anair, Irish Texts ii 98 § 14. Hence accepts the protection of someone : tuc al-laim il-laim Ḟind, Acall. 5972. Also shakes hands : nach tarmchillend Heriu óclách do neoch do-beir a láim i llaim tigerna nach aichnid damsa, CRR 16.x . tuc a lam in a laim in la sin, Cog. 132.13 . go dtugsad uile a lámha iona láimh, ML 54.31 .

(f) ÍAR: l.¤ íar cúl reserve force : gan lámh ar gcúl uile againn / Muire dhún go n-agaill é `none of us having any support', Dán Dé xix 18 . With cúlu: cusna buidnib medonc[h]aib . . . ┐ cusin laim ar culu, CCath. 5771 . cinnas as áil duit techt i ndáil Medba . . . atágur l.¤ ar cúl aci, LU 6154 ( TBC-I¹ 1669 ).

(g) IMM: gaibid láim imm manipulates : do ghabhadar na fóirne . . . lámha um na leabhar-líontaibh, ML 46.24 .

(h) LA: do-beir láim la helps: is olc in lam tucadar na dee . . . linn, Fier. 106 . móide do-bhéara láimh linn the more wilt thou help me, Dán Dé xi 9 . ag tabhairt láimhe liom féin / a-tá meise, xxii 17 . ní fhuil duine agam do-bhéaradh lámh liom, TSh. 4735 . fo-ceird láim la with same meaning: nach áil cur lámha lat `they will not help thee' (of Mary and mankind), Dán Dé xix 25 . dlighidh cur a láimhe linn, L. Cl. A. B. 251.52 . nior chuir an samhradh lámh linn, Rel. Celt. ii 232.35 . Cf. lámh muna chuire re a gcosg, PBocht 15.5 . l.¤ la help, assistance to: lámh linn ar do bhreith ní bhia `to save me will not be in thy power', PBocht 13.38 . do ghuidh é (sic leg.) fa lamh leis chum síobhail ró mhóir do bhí na éigean air do dhéanamh, ZCP ii 558.22 . as maith an tráth láimhe linn / is cách ré'r ndáin[n]e ag doichill, Ériu v 52.15 .

(i) TAR: fochertar lama tairis they seized him, LU 5941 ( TBC-I¹ 1475 ). do-beir láim tar takes possession of usually by force: co tarad láim dar Corco Loígi, Anecd. i 13.21 . co tarat laim dar hIffern (of Christ harrowing hell), SR 7772 . tuc-som laim tarsan tir ┐ do lomarced leis . . . hi, Ann. Conn. 1249.2 . dochoid A. . . . do índriudh innd idhoiltige ┐ doberait laim tairis, LL 402b31 ( TTr.² 505 ). tugad l.¤ tar na luathcrechaib soir go slioschlár sluag Mhaonmaige they were carried off. Caithr. Thoirdh. 53.39 . do rat lá[i]m dar a longphort, Arch. Hib. ii 72 § 31 . tuc sisi lamh tar an mbiorar báoi for an sruth, BS 82.22 . Note also with pl. láma: tabraiter láma tairis let him be seized, LU 5937 ( TBC-I¹ 1471 ). do-beir láim tar a agaid. Of person waking from sleep: itraacht C. . . . asa chotlud ┐ dobert l.¤ dar a agid, TBC-LL¹ 2495 . do-icc tar láma violates, disobeys : ticcedh thrá Suibhne tar lamha an chleirigh, BS 175.20 .

IV In phrases with preceding prep. (and freq. vb.):

(a) DI: ceb é tan no ghebhudh dia lámh fair `whensoever he should receive the eucharist from him', Lism. L. 2886 . rogab comaind ┐ sacarbaic do laim Tassaig espoic, IT i 22.2 . Of reception of viaticum: téit Comhgall docum nimhe . . . do laimh Ailbhe, Lism. L. 2883 . co nabail dia laimh (i.e. Mochuda) iar mbreith buadha o dhemhan ┐ ó dhomhan (i.e. he died after receiving viaticum from M.), BNnÉ 295.9 . sáeraid di lámaib liberates from : amail soersai Abram / de lamaib na Caldae, Fél. Ep. 456 . rosoirad in chathir di lamaib assar, Ml. 61d2 . See saeraid.

(b) DO: gaibid do (orig. di ?) láim undertakes : ro erb M. fris frestal na hatha. Ro gab-sum sin do laim undertook, Fél. Pref. 12.10 . ro ghabh do láim . . . athaghidh [in muilind], Lism. L. 1969 . rogab Cuipidh do laim o Uenir inni sin, Aen. 387 . do gab . . . Domnall . . . do laim é, Cog. 174.18 . gabhmaitne do laim iatsom `we shall take them in hands', Caithr. CC 63 . do gab du laim cin toidecht i n-agaid mac Ruaidri aris, Ann. Conn. 1225.17 . gabh do láimh i ló na héigne / . . . bheith ós ar gcionn mar chrann díona, PBocht 10.49 . sibh-se . . . gabas do láim an t-eolas who profess learning, Content. xviii 10. Note also: do ghabhadar do láimh dhó nách roichfeadh . . . tochradh a dtigearna tairsibh `they pledged themselves to him', ML 116.8 . rogab H. do láim ón tṡiair sein, LL 226b40 `accepted that charge', TTr. 707 . téit (do-icc) do láim goes to communion : oc techt do laim at the Communion, Thes. ii 254.14 (Stowe Missal). in tan na tiagar do láim dia domnaig, tiagar dia dhardaín ina dhegaid, Rule of Tallaght 15 . fecht n-aill do B. ic techt do Laim in epscuip quadam die accessit B. ut Eucharistiam sumeret de manu episcopi, Lat. Lives 84.15 . gab do lāim / cen tabairt ngotha ar fer ngráid / . . . lēic don churp bīs ina lāim, ACL iii 222.18 . ni dlegar escómlad cen dol do lāim (`without being shriven'), MacCongl. 23.9 . as mitidh a n-anmain De techt do laim `it is time . . . to go to communion', RC xxvi 374.11 = do thāed do lāim `for you to take food(?)', Ériu i 44.24 . ic techt do láim in epscuip (`confess'), Three Hom. 80.21 . téit . . . Gillas . . . do churp Crist annsin do laimh Brenainn, BNnÉ 84.14 . sacairt ic dol do laim celebrating mass, Grail 1326 .

(c) FO. In various uses with téit: téid an bhuidhen fó láimh `submitted', ALC ii 350.12 . otcondai[r]c . . . na hairberta móra sin do thecht fo laim lé Césair being undertaken, CCath. 2389 . gur bhó heiccen do . . . dul fa lámhaibh legh (of surgical operation), AFM vi 2232.21 . See síned. téit fo láim n-epscoip receives confirmation : ní thic comlāine in spirta nóim mane tē fó láim n-epscoip īar mbathus, Ériu i 218.24 . confirmatio, no dul fa laimh easpuig, Luc. Fid. 3688 . Cf. Siluestar ap na cathrach / eirg fo [a] laim ar is rathmar, Fél. 46.29 (where however penance may be intended).

fo láim in the power of, at the discretion of: baí sé seachtmuine ina othairlighe fo lamhaibh legh, AFM vi 2116.2 . tug Dia fád láimh féin lesúghadh do thabhairt uait nó gan a thabhairt, Mac Aingil 3521 . fuair bás fánar lámhaibh, TSh. 5591. Hence subordinate to: guibernōir ar leith fo lāimh in ierla uassa, Fl. Earls 96.14 . Of swearing : gebatsa a luige fó láim Chiaráin by C., LL 274a16 ( SG 416.5 ). lúghu fo láim rig Caisil `by the hand of', Leb. Cert. 70.3 .

(d) FOR. for láim x beside x: asber fris suide for láim Findabrach, TBC-I¹ 1532 ( LU 6001 ). robéosa fort láimsiu, Fél. Prol. 273 . fer buí for láim Airt, ZCP viii 310.7 . Cf. alaile for laim n-ainsedo `another agreeing with(?) the accustive', Ml. 23c21 . Hence of possession, control: nach raibh ar láimh ní fa nimh in his possession, A. Ó Dálaigh 1(50) 10 . do bhí ar a láimh é d'fheithimh it was in His power to watch it, PBocht 21.33 . a bailte móra ar a láimh, Rel. Celt. ii 182.14 . do-beir for láim places at the disposal of: dos bert for láim Eogain, IT i 81.20 . tug a' Gen. na caisléin an boili ┐ na braighde ar lāimh a' Ninntius, Cín Lae Ó Meall. 46.13 . an tan tug ar láimh na heaguilsi eochracha cengail ┐ sgaoilte cháich, Mac Aingil 179 . Note also: beir an dall ar láimh libh `take the blind man by the hand with thee', A. Ó Dálaigh vi 9. Of imprisonment: do cunnbhad ar laimh é gur fháguibh a dheic bhliaghna fichead d'aois, Rel. Celt. ii 162.21 . do bhi an ri san nam sin ar laimh aga naimhdibh .i. Parlameint Shagsan, 202.31 . Cf. dan-indnacht ar láim `by the hand', Blathm. 90 § 3.

(e) FRI. fri láim on behalf of, deputizing for: is e Niall . . . ro gab rigi nErenn . . . acht cheana is é Brian ba tuairgnid catha fri[a] laim side `in his stead', RC xxiv 180.7 . tigerna airthir Connacht fri lāimh a athar acting for his father, AFM ii 836. 10 . With difft. meaning: nochar gabhadh re lāimh T. T. was unassailable, ZCP viii 225.2 . nech padh calmai fri laim imbertai cloidib when it came to swordplay, RC xii 72.22 .

(f) I: gaib id lāim mo fāesam airtho undertake, TBC-I¹ 409. i láim captive, subservient (to): i láimh atú i ttalmhain, Dán Dé xii 7 . minic mē a láim acc dreasaibh, KMMisc. 352 § 7. do marbad U. isin lam-sin `captivity', Ann. Conn. 1270.7 . mé mar bhráighid bhíos i láimh, Dán Dé iii 32 . Aedh . . . do bí illiamh (leg. illáimh) sa chaislén, AU ii 466.18 . grádh mná 'ga bhfuilim i láimh, Dánta Gr. 8.5 . is fiacha i láimh / na féich ar a bhfuil admháil as good as paid, L. Cl. A. B. 162.13 . do thuaslucud chimmeda bai illāim oc ríg qui erat in vinculis apud regem, Lat. Lives 80.11 . Also in pl.: ro gabad annsin Marcus Crasus, ┐ tucad il-lámhaibh é docum airechta na Partecdha, CCath. 136. Also with gen.: cá láimh ataí, a rioghain? I láimh Anadail mic Rí Conchend . . . ar sí, ITS v 54.8 . tugas grádh éagmhaise d'Eoin . . . / 'na láimh tharla an rí [dá] réir `he can make the Lord obey him', PBocht 27.1 . caide . . . an bean i rroibe mo mac sa laim (na laim, v.l.), TTebe 2125 . tuc i lláim Michil . . . in imerci sin, Ériu iv 118 § 36 . With same meaning: a leith a lámh bítt na mná so [do]gres `are always obedient to her', Maund. 135.

In extended sense: ón bhan-óigh do bheith im láimh / budh dáigh breith ar anóir [uainn] my winning regard is likely, the Virgin being on my side, Dán Dé xxiii 39 . do bhí sise im láimh gach laoi she has always been by my side, 40 . beid go luinneach im láimh thall `shall be active for me' (of saints), xxv 69 .

(g) IMM: atbert int aingel friu ni de min do chummisc doib ar an im . . . arna toitsitis an aes penda immallama die on their hands, Mon. Tall. 73.

(h) SECH: léim sech láim false leap(?) LL 307a12 ( SG 386.23 ). nichat léicfider sech láim (of a sword) thou wilt not be laid aside, RC xx 12 § 21 . ná léicetsom sech láimh neglect, LL 301a48 ( SG 373.y ). ? conralta dibh sech laim, Anecd. ii 63.10 .

(i) TAR: tar láim. In oaths by: dar láimh do chinn ┐ do choise, Gadelica i 44.302 . dar láimh Moling, Ó Bruad. i 54 § 5 . tar láma(ib) in spite of: ro chongaibh an Breifne gan baoghlucchadh tar lamhaibh a chomharsan, AFM v 1804.15 . Legal: i slanuibh dochuaidh an duine . . . ┐ tar a lama tecar . . . tiachtain tara lamuibh, O'Curry 393 ( H 3.18, 220a ). tiachtan fo'n cundrad tar do láma `in violation of thy security', Laws v 508.16 Comm . is e dogab Eirinn dar lamaib Chormuic uí Chuinn (ni th[ar] a lamhaib dogab uair fa gilla og Cormac an tan sin), CGSH § 142 n. k-k​ .

V Adv. phrases. a láim i láim from hand to hand : á tinnacul a llaim hillaim, Ml. 96d6 . l.¤ (láim) ar láim equally balanced : dá mbeith an ní láimh ar láimh / idir Eoghan is Conn cáidh, Content. xviii 35. Also: comhraicis Iollann ar a' traigh / Maghnus lamh ar laimh `hand to hand', Duan. F. ii 326 § 31 . d'óenláim together, unanimously : d'oen láim, LL 296b30 . érgit slúaig Ulad innáig / ┐ a n-ardrí d'oenláim, 299a1 ( SG 368.1 ). nach maithfidhe le Dia dháibh / go ria a n-aithrighe d'énláimh, O'Gr. Cat. 467.4 . fo láim secretly: co ndechaid fein as fo laim, Ann. Conn. 1278.6 . maidhm for Maghnus dana ┐ é fén do dul [as] fo laim `secretly effected his escape', AFM iii 452.17 . gabais reime fó láim for lergaib in tsléibe `privily', SG 381.2 ( RC xiii 92.20 ). l.¤ fri láim side by side : in cailli selga noghabhdais dosreathdais 'na uirtimcill lamh fria laim, Marco P. 89. Note also: lecit sírthi fo cricha na Camandi ┐ in lamh ag aroile dhibh `keeping near one another', Marco P. 10 . (ó) láim do (co) láim one and all : do chuala a chloinn láimh do láimh, DDána 46.10 . leis na haingle ó láimh go láimh, 38.20 . tucsam lughi lámh do láimh / fian meic Cumuill einechnair, Acall. 1443 . l.¤ tar láim: do chuirsead fós lámh tar láimh clú a bh-feadhma ar fud an domhain `upon all hands', Miscell. Celt. Soc. 374.17 .

cacha láma (láime) on either side : secht cumala gacha laime go tri nonbura, Laws iv 234.9 . annam lend aithled cecha lama itiaid-siu, LL 286b15 . Gall faoi ┐ Gall gacha láimhe dhó, Ériu i 87.14 . gadaidhe gach láimhe leis, Dán Dé xx 24 . breac beó gacha lámha leis / dála an dá eó nír indeis, IGT Decl. ex. 2135. Cf. in literal sense: do bheredh cend gacha láma would take a head in either hand, Caithr. Thoirdh. 75.30 .

In nn. pr.: Lām-fri-hēc, Mug láma, see Corp. Gen. Lámh Ghábhaid, Cóir Anm. 280 . L.¤ Luath, Acall. 7476. Cf. Lám áed `hand Aed' (as nickname), Trip. 200.7 .

COMPDS. With nouns: ¤aire, see separate article. ¤anart napkin : teagh budh lonnraighe lámhanart, Studies 1924, 244 § 22 . ¤arm, used of small weapon which a warrior took to bed with him for use in emergency: lámh-arm gach laoich ar a leabaidh, ML 76.10 . ¤brat: lambrat gl. mantile, Sg. 172a3 . gl. gausape, 128a1 , 3 . ¤bréit towel : nipsa lambreid lamhglanta, Anecd. ii 60.7 . ¤bró handquern: ni meath log-einech ar ithlaind ┐ lambroin, Laws v 88.11 Comm . ¤chartad ` masturbation ' O'Dav. 1474 . in sesmac pectac imorro le lamhcartad dogeibh a toil, BCrólige 29 . ¤chlaideb: cen arm occaib . . . acht lamcloidmi becca bidis ina lamaib, BB 439b2 . ¤chloc: iseal a treoir in tan is lamclog (gl. aistreóir), Laws v 22.8. Comm . ¤chloch: gebid lamhcloich do lár thalman dar bo lán a glac, TBC-LL¹ 1181 . ¤chomart clapping of hands in grief, lamentation : darindidar lam-chomairt mor ┐ nual-guba dearmair, YBL 147b8 . lámchomairt . . . ┐ basghari do mathrechaib, LB 141a3 . lamcomairt .i. basgaire, O'Dav. 1193 . oenach ina lamcomarthae in quo ignis ┐ tonitru similitudine die judicii. ind lamhcomart hi feil Michel dianepred in tene di nim, AU i 240.1 - 2 (A.D. 771) = AFM i 370.15 . in chantaicc Solomon ┐ ind Lámchomairt libuir Ieremiae Book of Lamentations, Hib. Min. 26 § 186. ¤chongnam: gan lāmh-chongnamh ar doman, Fl. Earls 72.15 . ¤chor: lámhchara .i. lamhchora .i. cur láimhe ar ní, O'Cl. (cf. BB 419a25 below). corugud (sic leg.) cach cuaille iar n-uachtar, ┐ lamcur doib co nach urfaema in (sic leg.) talam `they are pushed down by the hand', Laws iv 112.11 . dorinne lamhchur air laying on of hands, Keat. iii 1603 . ¤chorrán: rolá . . . lāmhcorrán iarnaidhi [uada] d'fastudh na luinge `grappling-irons' CCath. 2083 . ¤chrann. Of part of a harp: olc a l. olc a corr, Measgra D. 7.121 . ¤chruit: a lámh-chruit do leiséaghuinn, Gleanings from Irish manuscripts 115 § 12 . ¤déraigthe (cf. 1 dérgud). In phr. ar feis leptha ┐ láimdéraighthe in cohabitation : do berdais a ndaermná (sic leg.) ar feis lepta ┐ láimhdhéraidhthi daib, ZCP viii 545.21 = TBC-LL¹ 1738 - 40 . is and sin ro ḟaietar (sic leg.) in lánamain sin ar feis leaptha ┐ láimhdheraighthi, Acall. 821. Cf. 7842 . ¤día household god, idol : tuc lea lámdeo á athar (of Rachel), SR 3016 . beir leat t'athair Anachis ┐ do mac ┐ do bean ┐ do laimdea, Aen. 578 . tabhraidh láimhdhia chugaibh, ┐ adhraidh dhó, Keat. i 142.43 . ¤dóe (dóit): lámdoti na laechraidi, LL 235a22 ( TTr. 1345 ). ¤écht: an t-iarla ó Lúcan . . . / triath is iomdha láimhéachta, Ó Bruad. iii 144.z . ¤fheidm manual effort : tar lám-fheadhmannaib na laoch, ML 46.26 . ¤ḟile: Feidhlime Ruadh . . . / gá togha is dírighe do luadh gach láimhfhile poet with a patron(?), Hackett² 43.4 . ¤ḟrestal: láimhfhreastal sámhghasda saoitheadh, Hackett² 28.234 . ¤ḟritheolad: do láimh-fritheoladh Choncubhair `to deal with C.,' CRR² 82.x . ¤gaí: gur tholl an lamh-gai an luireach, MR 286.1 . ¤gésca twig : lamgesca mora, RC x 74.3 . ¤glanad: lambreit lamghlanta, Anecd. ii 60.17 . ¤glés wringing of hands : mor lámchomart ┐ láimglés . . . fógensat cumala, Alex. 389 . ro crochtha oca he isin laimgles doroindi, YBL 172b18 = SG 74.4 . ¤lecc: imbertside na lamlecca foraib, LU 4966 ( TBC-I¹ 479 ). ¤nert: re cumas láimhneirt, Oss. iii 264.14 . ¤maide: na soighde, ┐ na lámhmhaideadha, Ezekiel xxxix 9. ¤raite by-road, secondary road : madh for laimraitib beacaib, is i nde randait, CIH v 1549.37 . lamraiti .i. iter di sligid 'by-road, i.e. between two highways' EIF 538 . See also ¤rót(a) below. ¤ rinda: lamrinda nó luathrinda .i. ligatura inter diversas picturas gl. plectas ( 1 Kings vii 29 ), Thes. i 1.30 . See lúathrinde. ¤rót(a) (? properly ¤raite, perh. confused with 1 rót, rota) by-road: lamróta .i. iter da ṡligid, Thr. Ir. Gl. 38 = lāmrotae, Corm. Y 1082 = lomrottea, laimroitea, Corm. Bodl. 36.38 . lamhrod .i. ród láimh le ród eile, O'Cl. mad for rot mor . . . mad for laim raitib becaib, O'Curry 2004 ( H 4.22, 31 ). ¤scaíled manumission: mic mhuinntire, ar nach déantar lámhsgaoileadh, TSh. 5121 . ¤scíath small shield : tú ar láimh-sgiath lá an ghuasochta, A. Ó Dálaigh xix 4. trí chéud láimhsciath, 1 Kings x 17 . ¤scor: gursad . . . lúthmhar ar lámsgor `till our hand teams are . . . spirited', CRR² 62.12 . ¤smacht: na mic nach bí sgaoilte ó lámh-smacht a n-aithreach, TSh. 5122 . ¤thapadh: tuc in t-iarla lamtapadh laechda . . . fora cloidim, ZCP vi 274.32 . As name of Conall Cernach's shield: Lamthapad Conaill Chernaig, LL 12508. ¤thargair .i. oirchi beg no mesan `i.e. a small hound or lapdog', O'Dav. 1153. Cf. lamtairrṅgir, O'D. 2226 ( Nero A vii, 152b ). ¤thoca. As comic n. pr. Lonidh mac Lamthoca, Anecd. ii 55.x , perh. for ¤thoccad. ¤thomus lit. hand-measurement : tugador dhá fhorghomh . . . do na leabhar-armaibh lámh-thómais with their weapons at arm's length(?), ML 136.7 . ¤thorad handiwork, what is produced by weaving, sewing, etc. as opposed to frithgnam: abras . . . .i. lamt[h]orud inailte, Corm. Y 90 . ben lamtoruid `a woman of profitable handicraft', BCrólige 31 . leath do mnai a etach no lamtorad snithiu handiwork consisting of spun material (of what is due to a woman when separating from husband), Laws ii 372.15 . See Thurn., ZCP xv 340 - 1 . See also sníthe. As comicn. pr.: Lenn ingen Lamthora (Lamthoraid v.l.), Anecd. ii 56.2 . ¤thúag: lámtuag gl. hoc manuale, Ir. Gl. 857 . ¤thort. Fig. of warrior: lamtort n-irgala uae beolaig Bressail, Ält. Ir. Dicht. i 22 § 2 . meic Labradha lamhtort n-irghalach, LL 393a54 .

With adjj. (many of the follg. are applied to individuals as sobriquets). ¤daith nimble-handed . Of Cú Chulainn: an lāmdhait[h], Fianaig. 42.y . ¤derg: Lugaid lámderg, MacCarthy 176 § 6 . RC xx 136.20 . Frequ. of Leinster and Leinstermen: ri coicid lámdeirg Lagen, CRR 26.7 . DDána 100.26 . ¤des: Loarn laimdheas, Todd Nenn. cv.z . As n. pr. = Manus Dextera, Reeves Ad. 136.z . ¤dóitech. As comic n. pr.: Lámdóiteach mac Lethircind `Wristy-hand', MacCongl. 77.22 . ¤échtach: Mac Lugach [lámechtach], Acall. 227 . re Lúghaidh lámhéachtaicc Lágha, Flower Cat. 401.z . ¤ḟíal: ó C[h]orc . . . lāimhf[h]īal, Ériu ix 177.4 . ¤ḟind: Lugóir . . . lámfind, LL 2428. As n. pr. Láimhḟionn is Lámhghlas, Keat. ii 523 . ¤ḟota: is hé . . . leithinchind lamfota, TBC-LL¹ 5400. In n.pr. Lug(aid) Lámḟota: airemh Logha Lamhfoda for na Fomhoraibh, TBC St. 570. As nickname: Osbrit lamfota, BDD 116 . ¤gel: Lughach laimgheal, Duan. F. ii 72 § 22. Fiachaidh láimh-gheal, ML 86.24 . ¤garb: Mani L., RC xiv 426.10 = xxiv 276.16 . ¤gerrtha: laochraidh láimh-ghearrtha, TSh. 6610 . ¤glan: a degmic lāmglain Lūachāin, BColm. 50.17 . ¤glas: Láimhḟionn is Lámhghlass, Keat. ii 523 . ¤grod: go lámh-ghrod dian, Oss. iv 132.22 . ¤idan: d'Aengus Laimhiodhan, Anecd. ii 37 § 2 . ¤licthe: nadh bi lamlicthi (of a food-rent), O'Curry 880 ( H 3.18, 393b ). ¤nertmar: go m-biadh sé láimhneartmhar go leor, Oss. iii 268.19 . ¤rúad: Lugaid Lamruad, RC xx 136.24 . ¤thapaid: ina laem loinrech lasamain lamthapaid, Ann. Conn. 1256.6 . go leidhmheach lámhtapaidh, AFM vi 2072.15 . ¤thenn: fear láimh-theann, Oss. iv 110.2 . ad lamchara laímhtheanna . . . bar trenmilídh, BB 419a25 .

With vb. gaibid in artificial formation: nondalámgaba gl. mancipare, Ml. 43a2 .

lasé

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lasé or dil.ie/29610
Last Revised: 2013

 

(see Ériu liii 138 ) (prep. la and demonstr. sé, modelled on Lat. cum). GOI p. 552. Conj. folld. as a rule by nasalising rel. clause, and translating Latin

(a) cum with finite vb.: lasse gabas immbi cum . . . induerit , Wb. 13d22 . l.¤ celebirsimme gl. cum valefecissemus, Thes. i 498.7 (Ardm.). lasse ní beu cid in tene `cum nullus vivus ignis appareat', Lat. Lives 45.12 . l.¤ dusente gl. cum persequebatur, Ml. 142b4 . hisunt . . . conricc frissa lind serb in chúrsactha l.¤ foruillecta beóil in chalich di mil cosse anall whereas the lips of the chalice were hitherto smeared with honey, Wb. 7d9 (based on a Lat. gloss?).

(b) pres. participle (-n s) or equivalent: lasse forcongur fírinni dúib gl. verum dicens vobis, 19d25 . lasse dongní . . . lasse [n]omidter et no cairigther gl. qui judicas, 1c10 .

(c) gerund (-o): lase dufuasilce gl. solvendo, Ml. 29b10 . lase asṁbiur gl. dicendo, Sg. 29b11 . lase conrothinoll gl. colligendo, 66b23 . lasse nad n-adraimse gl. non adorando, Ml. 132c1 . ní lasse etirrudib gl. neque . . . perimendo, 123b10 . Also, without addition, to indicate the instrumental use of gerund (cf. late Latin cum to express instrument), Ml. 22c2 , 29c17 , 46c21 , 70c16 , 130c12 .

lócharn(n), lúacharn(n), lóchrann

Cite this: eDIL s.v. lócharn(n), lúacharn(n), lóchrann or dil.ie/30448
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: lóchrann, luacharnn

n (Lat. lucerna, with length of vowel perh. influenced by lóchet; but see Pedersen Vgl. Gr. i 122 ). Mid. Ir. lóchrann occurs first in LU. Early declension ā, f., later also o, m.

(a) lamp, light, lantern : luacharn .i. lochrann, no solas, O'Cl. lucarn gl. lucernam, ZCP viii 174.9 . ro ir dom . . . .x. fidchella fri luacharna lassrad, Ériu ii 5.5 (luachairnae, v.l.). amail difuarcoib lōc[h]rann a soillse a tégdois dorc[h]a, ZCP iii 452.3 . amal in lochairnn n-affraicdai gl. quasi lanterna punica, Sg. 24a16 . ignis efulgens quod apud graecos dicitur λαμπ(υρ)ος .i. luacharnn , 47a9 cf. Études Celt. xi 107. gin lócharne, Fél. Apr. 22 (locharna, locharn, v.ll.), glossed .i. ós lampadis. fumda locharna laiss, ZCP viii 564.14 rhet. (fomta . . . lass, v.l.). lūacharnd . . . a lucerna , Corm. Y 828 (luacharnn, locharn, v.ll.). imar bad lócrand lánsolusta, LU 6556 ( TBC-I¹ 2041 ). leth-sét a lochran do andadh fair, O'D. 511 ( H 3.17, 415 ); acc. to Comm. a penalty for kindling a light so as to disturb the chief after he has retired to rest. Cf. samaisc isin caindill do adhannadh iar codladh, no iar ndul do luighi cheana, O'D. 521 ( H 3.17 423 ). lassamna do lochairn, LL 343g30 = lochrannaib, Tec. Corm. § 4.5 . tucsat athennedha tenedh ┐ lócharnda lasamhna leó, CCath. 1897 . a mheic dar cumadh an chros / 'na lóchrann sheasmhach sholas, DDána 65.7 . co tapraib ┐ locrannaibh, Grail 2797 . dá lóchrann ar nach luigh smál (moon and sun), Dán Dé xxvii 10 . lóchrainn ag lasadh 'nar lámhaibh (lucernae), TSh. 8579.

(b) Fig. of persons: in locharnn loinnerdai ro inṡorchaig . . . iarthar mbetha .i. sanctus Patricius, ACL iii 8.5 . Ródan lócharn Lothrai, Fél. Apr. 15 . is īatt so na lochranna / da lasfatt Laighin (of three saints), ZCP viii 110.16 . rochomarleicc lochairnd ríg . . . dia síl son an illustrious king, PH 4250 . Niall Naoighiallach . . . / lóchrann Alban is Éireann, L. Cl. A. B. 276.128 . lóchrainn oinigh Éireann Cuinn, DDána 102.2 . Of the Blessed Virgin: lóchrann ó bhfuighbheam eolas, DDána 49.3 . Of the saints: is iat locharna atberair sund .i. ainimme na noem ┐ na ḟirén . . . locharna sin tened ┐ lassar: locharn tened . . . isin deirc . . . locharn lassar . . . i ngnimaib na fírinne, PH 5859 - 60 .

slaet

Cite this: eDIL s.v. slaet or dil.ie/37798

 

n (a) a swathe, layer, pile : rathócbatar na da ríg forru in bara . . . ┐ dos-berat s.¤ (slatri, v.l.) de i fiadnaisse maic ríg Herenn, RC xiii 60 § 52 . tuc fobairt ndīchra . . . forra gur chuir ina corraitib ┐ ina slaetaeb secmarba dochum láir . . . iat, ZCP xiii 238.8 . ní bí sochar san teach álainn dá dtuitidh 'na shlaodaibh ar lár `in a heap' (Gloss.), TSh. 9128 . a float, raft : ni taircellam damu fo chuinge na carru na sloetu, Alex. 861 . gérfuimne adhmad as Lebanon . . . ┐ beram na sláoduibh iad air an bhfairrge go Ioppa `we will bring it to thee in floats by sea', 2 Chron. ii 16 . Fig. dóid-cleatha meor-laga is séimhe slaoid, Keat. Poems 101 .

(b) illness, disease (cf. slaetán): slaéd .i. galar, amail adubhairt Finn: cia mesa do thṡlaedaib fúithi, ol in inghin, Ériu xiii 82 § 297 = cid as truime slaetaeib (trumu slataibh, v.l.)? ZCP xiii 270.21 . tainic slaod fora, fuaire mairbh ina chosaibh, x 296.27 .

(c) Legal (exact meaning not clear): s.¤ .i. slemain no tairisem, ut est s.¤ tar gach ngait acht aithgin do chach for cach laim co fiach aisneise[n], O'Dav. 1420 . cidh meisech é techt tuidhacht a nurradus, nach meisech a cana, ┐ is e an fath an fer agata ar griún e is e ro escaires cain tara cenn ┐ tic slaed cana air, O'Curry 2560 ( Eg. 88, 47a ). is misech é techt tuigacht re ré trir a nurradus ┐ nocha cuimgech é a cain acht s.¤ do tiachtain tarais nach cuimgech umscar ris in urrad aga fuil ar griun é no go thocaithter cain, O'Curry 2563 ( Eg. 88, 47c ). Note also: s.¤ .i. aslach, no fuilera, 2064 ( H 4.22, 66b15 ). s.¤ .i. slai ét ailbín uait isin cinaid, 1462 ( H 3.18, 650b ).

Compds. ¤buiden: ina sreathaibh ┐ ina slaed-buidnib `in unwieldy groups' (of fallen warriors), Celt. Rev. iv 14.23 . ¤chíallach thick-witted : an spalpaire s., O'Rah. xliii 15 . ¤eire: no tairrngeadh gach slaod-eire da mhéd asa herball piled load, AFM iv 1080.4 . ¤óclaig warriors in layers, prostrate warriors ? imad . . . na slaedoglach sinti secmharbh, AU iii 470.12 . slaod-óglaoich sínte seac-mharbha, TSh. 6615 . ¤teine layer-fire, funeral-pile : trénar dteilgean i slaoid-teinidh = in ignis rogum, TSh. 6761 .

sorn

Cite this: eDIL s.v. sorn or dil.ie/38508

 

Forms: sornn, suirnn

n o, m. (Lat. furnus). O.Ir. sornn. IGT Decl. § 67 . a furnace, oven, kiln : int suirnn gl. foci, Ml. 121c14 . cam a camino ignis .i. ō surn, O'Mulc. 283 . dercha suirnd .i. dichru, ut est is dichru in orgain, O'Dav. 753 . búaid na trí macc n-ennac hi surn, Fél. Apr. 24 . sroiglithea . . . trésna surnu tened, Prol. 44 . ruri anacht tri maccu a surnn tened, Thes. ii 303.29 ( Hy. i ). rodasaer is' t[ṡ]urnn tened, SR 7392 . imman sornd tened, LU 2503 . ratuisil cloch leis isin lis .i. an cloch do bai ar belaib an tṡuirn `the stone that covered the mouth of the flue', Ériu ii 186.18 . i s.¤ na hatha `into the furnace of the kiln', Lism. L. 2629 . thug orra dul a sórn áithche na mbricead made them pass through the brick-kiln, 2 Samuel xii 31 .

1 teine

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 1 teine or dil.ie/40385
Last Revised: 2019

 

Forms: tain, tainid, tened, tein, tened, tened, teinidh, teined, tene, tene, tened, te(i)n, ten, tein, ten, thein, ten, ttin, tein, ten, tein, teinid, tenid, tine, teine, teni, te(i)ne, tene, theinid, thene, —thenti, tenta, teintiu, tinnti, tented, dteinteadh, tennte, téndtib, tentib, teintibh, tene

n t, m., later also f. Also tain in some old exx.: in tainid , Ml. 96c11 . tened: claideb, LU 9356 . tein: rom-ain (sic leg.), ACL iii 6.17 (see KZ lix 4 ff. Études Celt. iii 78 . KZ xxix 379 ). Masc. in a few early exx. only: g s. in tened , Ml. 76b7 . 146a2 - 3 . BDD² 1372 ( na tened , 1222 ). in teinidh , AU i 240.5 . in teined , Ériu iii 140.187 . ii 134.7 , 15 . uiblech tened trichemrúaid, LU 8663 . ? tene ... cuici, Mon. Tall., 136.15 . But tene shoinmech, Corm. 6 Belltaine. na tened , PH 7732 , and so regularly in Mod. Ir. See also IGT Decl. § 4 (47.z) .

There is also a short d s. te(i)n: ho ten , Ml. 31d4 . assin tein , Thes. ii 318.4 . asin ten , Lib. Hymn. 102.4 . ó thein co fraig, BDD² 313 ( then, 325 ). a ten , BColm. 58.8 . i ttin , AFM i 172.y . Also occas. in n a s. cen tein , SR 1475 . rígh loiscfes ten , RC xvii 133.11 . ó Thaltin i tócab tein , Metr. Dinds. iii 50.31 . n s. also teinid, Trip.² 646 . tenid, Mon. Tall. 157.10 . g s. tine, Aen. 144 . teine, TSh. 1999 . cabair an teni `lochdach,' IGT Decl. ex. 240 . a d s. te(i)ne, SR 314 . Laws v 298.11 . CCath. 3721 . DDána 58.2 . TSh. 391 . san tene `lochdach,' IGT Decl. ex. 241 . a du. dā theinid , ML² 1140 . n du. dá thene , Corm. 6 Belltaine. n p. —thenti, IT i 190.30 (LB). teinnte, PH 6324 . tenta, TTebe 4272 . a p. teintiu, BDD² 1433 . tinnti, TTebe 3876 . g p. tented, 2252 . Aen. 270 . dteinteadh, TSh. 5608 . tennte, Todd Lect. vi 36.4 . d p. téndtib, Corm. 6 Belltaine. tentib, Fél. Prol. 39 . teintibh, TSh. 8230.

I

(a) fire: tene, Ml. 38d 15 - 16 . tene ... du ebirt du gnúis dáe `in calling the face of God fire,' 40c6 . huan tenid, 104b5 . áne thened, Thes. ii 355.18 . nín loiscfed tene, SR 1505 . is hé tene na súla, in mac imlesen, SCC 17 ( IT i 210 ). oc béim tened, BDD² 480 . oc atúd tened, 488 . ? Cf. teinnei beim, Ériu ii 4 n. 67 . fó cach tan tene `fire is good at any time,' Tec. Corm. 16.99 . do delbais in taebsa (sic leg.) ... | do thalmain 'sdo theinid bī, ACL iii 242 § 7 . a deathach dē do bithgrēs | gan tinidh and (a miracle), ZCP v 24 § 15 . an drúis is t.¤ fa talmhain, Dán Dé xxxi 34 . ag fulang na t.¤ ifreanda, TSh. 1999 . gur ghabh in tempoll in t.¤ , Cín Lae Ó Meall. 11.12 . do chuir tine san tigh barr, 24 . tré theinidh on fire , SG 5.26 . luaidhe gach mhúir ... tré ghoirmtheinidh, Aithd. D. 4.4 . dartaid i crann nairidi do thein for burning a rear lintel (?), Laws iv 312.y Comm. beantar teinte a taobhaibh cloch `sparks are struck,' Content. viii 12 . In proverbial expressions: ba haigedh go tenid cor fri sluag na Fomoire isin lō sin (of a dangerous undertaking), RC xii 96.18 . ba luamaireacht idir dhá theinidh don áird-rígh a theasargain, ML 80.y . Of feelings, passions: do-loiscset do thenid na drúissi tempul Dia, PH 7429 . éin-spréidh do theine na hantoile, TSh. 391 . Note also: mían mná Tethrach a tenid, LU p. 124 n. a . Droncherdach co teinm a t.¤ (name given to himself by Néde in Colloquy of Two Sages), RC xxvi 20.8 .

(b) a fire, fireplace, hearth: lar .i. tene, Thes. ii 232.11 . loiscis in garmain ... | for tein, 346.1 . icon tenid, Corm. 35.5 . cen tenid, SR 1891 . bla tene tellach no aithine, Laws iii 264.1 . t.¤ bithbeó (requisite of mruigfher), Manners and Customs iii 486.4 . etir tenid ┐ fraig, Thes. ii 293.3 . ar sin brunnid breo di thein, LL 145a40 . Midhi ... ro fada teinid fri clandaib Nemid ... conid on tenid sin roadnad gach primtene i nErinn, BB 356b4 . t.¤ ar n-a fadágh fearg Dé, DDána 58.1 . ? nacha concloth ní Fergus cluinte co teintib bláthaib, LU 6632 . ? bid mé in tere mór | is ma thene ram thaéb (gl. .i. Lonan), 9906 . teinnte (of volcanic fires), Stair Erc. 1771 , 1798 . nír léiccsiot ... t.¤ do shaighidh champa an Iustis ` fuel ,' AFM vi 2280.20 . Hence frequently hearth, home, habitation: i log do airgsean co feis, co nadogh, co tein co naitreib, Laws iv 20.2 . ro hinred Mumain ... gu na rabi teag na teni o Lui fodes, Cog. 30.8 . bidh hé in treas tine, nach tím, | bhias fá dheireadh i n-Erind ` i.e. the last inhabited place but two' (of a castle), Leb. Cert. 228.y and note. Metaph. of persons: teinid toídlech co ngrís goirthe (of Patrick), Trip.² 646 . in teni laigtheach (of a tribe), Cog. 54.3 .

(c) lightning: in tainid ┐ in torainn `the lightnings and the thunders,' Ml. 96c11 . Mac Dē rom-ain (sic leg.) | ... | ar toruinn, ar tein, ACL iii 6.17 . teinte eisriata an aeióir, TD 4.23 .

II Attrib. g s. as adj. pertaining to fire, fiery, blazing: iar n-ár thened tar cech mag, ZCP xiii 374.15 . bandea tened gl. Vesta, Sg. 53a14 , 15 . aedh .i. tene ... .i. bandee (tened) quod ipsa est Vesta .i. bandee thenead, Corm. 2 . la bledh-mhaidm be tenedh ` lightning ,' ZCP xvii 154.4 . caor teinegh `a ball of fire' (from heaven), BNnÉ 111.4 . i carpat dian dergthened, SR 7136 . ilar casrach ṅgarb-thened, 902 . aingel Dé ... | cona chlaidiub derg tened, 4796 . cluí thened fiery nails, LU 2188 ( FA 27 ). assin dabaig thened, Fél. Ep. 540 . tairmchell dáil tenid leó, LU 8217 (FB) =tened, Eg. ( IT i 259.z ). tuccad in dún fo dluim ... dergtened, Cog. 80.2 . 'na dragún taidhbhseach theiniodh, TD 1.35 . frāech tened ar tengthaib fiery rage (?), ACL iii 241 § 13 . in gilla tened, SG 245.9 . na tonna ... | 'na morcaibh troma teineadh, TD 4.22 , see 1 morc. muir tened, LU 2173 ( FA 25 ). múr tened, LU 2220 ( FA 29 ). tuc ... troim-nēll teinedh tar in tīr, ML² 313 . rop ném thened tír Húa Néill immi `a sky of fire ' (note), BDD² 240 . See ném. di phlágaib tened, Thes. ii 256.11 . pian ... tened, PH 6398 . for richessaib ro-thened (of hell), LU 2416 . saegnen tened thunderbolt , TTebe 2092 . a lama i cuibrech o shlabradu tened, PH 2107 . sruth tened, LU 2236 ( FA 30 ). rodasaer is't[sh]urnn tened, SR 7392 . i dtoig theined a burning house, O'Gr. Cat. 400.13. See tech. dia rostarmchell ... | tob tened, SR 7388 . See top. tor teneadh tricheimruaidhi `a tower of red-rushing fire,' CCath. 943 . co n-dracaib, co trillsib tened foraib, IT i 191.11 . uiblech tened fiery sparks, LU 8663 ( FB 49 ).

III With foll. attrib. gen. etc. of particular types of fire: is dea longais tene n-aonbēime, ZCP viii 102.7 . tene an aonbeime .i. Aodh, Anecd. ii 52.1 . Cf. Ériu ii 186.6 and oc béim teined supra. t.¤ aeil lime-kiln: tene-aeil i faeil (=fuil) sesca traighedh ar cach leth, AU ii 144.1 and note= AFM ii 1076.9 . sgela na teinedh áoil, ZCP x 16.7 . tene bratha ` fire of Doomsday ,' Mon. Tall. 129.36 . attáit tenti carthind fires of mountain ash, Ériu iii 140.187 . tuc aichne for in t.¤ caismberta ` signal-fire ,' CCath. 3721 . tinnte cnámh is ráfladh is ragairne bonfires , ZCP v 212.278 (Midn. Court). t.¤ chresa flint and tinder (? lit. fire carried in the girdle, fire obtained by circular friction, see Desid. Gloss.): teiní creasa gl. igniferrium, Ir. Gl. 720 . t.¤ chreasa `a circle (sic leg.) fire,' Eg. Gl. 651 . teine-chreasa cloch ┐ spongc dochum teineadh do bhuain, Desid. 268 . teanlamh .i. tene láimhe .i. t.¤ chreasa, O'Cl. Also metaph. in phrase t.¤ fri (i) cris fire in the girdle of great (? sudden) fear, anger, etc.: biat ecla ria Cass | amal tein fri criss, PRIA iii 550 § 30 (= LL 147a35 ). t.¤ i gcrios (`flash from flint,' `i.e. unstable resolution,' note), Dán Dé xxxi 19 . Cf. gurbo tene a cris ┐ a craidi do Chonn sin, ┐ gurbo comfhadōd fīcha ..., ML² 1124 `it was a fire in the girdle,' ML 81 . t.¤ Dia erysipelas, ignis sacer: a naigid na tinedh Dia .i. na nescoidi re nabur ericipila `ignum sacrum,' Rosa Angl. 214.6 . efrempila .i. teni dhiadh, ACL i 337.133 . t.¤ fhiadh or dhiadh ` wild fire or wild scab ,' P. O'C. t.¤ do aitt, diaitt, diad (di áitt) etc. lightning (?); destructive fire (?), Celtica iii 265-67 : Ard Macha do loscud do thenid d’áit, AI 172 (s.a. 996.4) . Luimnech do loscud do thenid d’áit, 252 (s.a. 1096.8) . Caisiol do losccadh do th.¤ do aitt, AFM ii 984.6 . Cealldara do uile losccadh do thene deaith, 792.13 . tene diait, AU i 502.15 . do theinidh diaitt, 544.1 . t.¤ dhiadh an toirn teinntidhe sin, TSh. 6700 . a-táid ar tí bhar dtiomchail | ... | mar thiomchall na teineadh diagh | a-deireadh fhionn-chlann Uilliam (`the circle of smoking fire'), Aithd. D. 39.13 . co tainig t.¤ Dé do nim, Todd Nenn. 82.10 . ? To this: tene dia nó oirclech gl. flemen, Sg. 96b1 . See 1 dé. tene feth .i. focol co n-imdergad ` fire of speech ,' (name given to himself by Néde in Colloquy of Two Sages), RC xxvi 20.4 . t.¤ geláin lightning: trethan tarbech ... amail tenid ṅgeláin, TTr. 602 . tene gelan ┐ gaeth isin bliadain sin, RC xviii 27.4 . Cf. tene geallain `blazing fire' (requisite of a fer forais), Manners and Customs i 318 n. doronni tenid n-idbarta a sacrificial fire, TTebe 1931 . t.¤ iffirn hellfire: do suthine tine iffirn, Aen. 144 . do-rat aingel Dé ... tenid námut ... for Asardu, PH 8415 . t.¤ di nim lightning: ind lamhcomairt hi feil Michel dia nepred in tene di nim, AU i 240.3 and note. t.¤ raitte `a fire of bracken,' BNnÉ 81.33 . roaslaigh Deman fair in tene senta ... do bhadudh `the hallowed fire,' Lism. L. 4425 . sraibtine do nim .i. sraib tine no sruaim tine ... .i. in tine saidhnain, Laws v 192.13 Comm. t.¤ shinnaig phosphorescence on decayed wood; will o' the wisp (fox fire): lán mo chlera-sa do theinid sinnaig `rotten wood,' Hib. Min. 77.5 . cid fodera sund cose | soillsi 'sin crund is brenche .i. dia roéirig Críst asa adnocul, ised rochét: saltair for crann crín, ut est tene shinnaig, Eg. 1782, 53b2 cited Hib. Min. 80 n. 3 . as tine shindaig sechtair (of one deceitfully fair), ZCP vi 267 § 6.

Compds. ¤chenn fiery head: in dā crithmhīl dēc cosnaib tenedcennuibh uasdaib, Ériu ii 110.10 . ¤chlár (ship's) galley (?): ar teineclar na luinge, Stair Erc. 929 . ¤chuairt fiery circuit: roth escai ┐ tenedchúairt gréne, Ériu ii 116.9 . ¤folt: alius de illis rufus nó tenefolt (? sic leg.) redhaired (?), Thes. ii 236.11 . ¤grís: teineghrís gráidh, Content. xxix 4 . ? ¤gleir: tengleir fria tollscud, ACL iii 294 § 6 . ¤muir fiery sea: cuairt insin frisi ngaire tenedmhuir, Ériu ii 122.y . ¤rend fiery star: da nem ... assa toidet tenedrind, Ériu ii 110.4 . ¤shliab fiery mountain: toaitne ... a tenedhshliab, Ériu ii 124 § 75 . Cf. Ériu xiii 184ff.

todail, todáil

Cite this: eDIL s.v. todail, todáil or dil.ie/41119

 

Forms: todáil

n i, f. vn. of *do-dáili. act of pouring out; draught: in todáil gl. austum, Ml. 79a5 . huan todail feuchuir gl. fero austu, 134b4 . donaib todalib gl. austibus, 30d1 . huanaib todailib gl. austibus, 118c8 . attib tadail do tofhín, SR 6326 . in tenid atchonnarcaisthi (sic) do todail (.i. do sgailed) damhsa ignis quem vidisti ex me exeuntem, ACL iii 10.18 . rotindscan in dīliu todail for in mbith `to pour ,' Ériu ii 140 § 143 . gaoth et ferthain aga t.¤ forro, Aisl. Tond. 111.5 . ní slan sam-todail samraid | tamh Partolain for Breghmaig, Leb. Gab.(i) 68.3 . Breccán cen samh-thódail sláin | mac Partholáin in prím-fháith, Metr. Dinds. iv 82.30 . Of shedding blood: tre ráon slogh ┐ tré todhail fhola, CCath. 361 . gan for cru do todail, 3565 . is lainbecc da fhuil bad dutracht lasin occlach ... do thodail ass, 5104 . roshantaigset togail na fola, TTr. 2212 . rolín a shainnt do thodhail fhola na T., TTr.² 163 . conach deacair ... leo todhail cru fola shil Ughoine mháir in gach airm fogabatt aon díob, ZCP xiv 230.12 . intí tairmescus a claidhem o toghail fola in pecthaigh gl. qui proibet gladiam suam a sanguinis peccatoris, O'D. 713 ( H 3.17, col. 520 ). gan todhail cró ┐ snidhe fola ... etarra, Hugh Roe 298.14 .

2 ul ?

Cite this: eDIL s.v. 2 ul ? or dil.ie/43086
Last Revised: 2019

 

ind ar ul ... loscas ... tene, Thes. ii 249.6 tr. 'prae fetu quem urat ignis ,' Zeuss 441 . Meyer, Hib. Min. 81 n. 2 suggests that this is the same word as 3 ul.